Lesson 1

Iirti I
I..::z.= ''/ "
3t fJ) b -r ~

1

r-I

---~*0)'1~ ~ (Lectures

on Kanji)

t~~* 1 -

(Kanji made from pictures - 1 - )

The ancient Chinese drew pictures of various things around them. These pictures have gradually been simplified and have taken on a square shape to make them easier to write. made. This is how the present Kanji characters were Each Kanji, therefore, carries a specific meaning.

Look at the following picture.

-8--

<, ) /

/ I"

Guess the meanings of the Kanji characters below.

1. 8.

L1J

2. 9.

J[f

3. 10.

Hl

4.

0

iff

r~

*

5.

B

6.

JJ

7.

A

Lesson 1

These Kanji characters Usually YOMI' (Japanese reading) Picture
,J./
I

were made from very primitive and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading). Kanji 'KUN'

pictures

as follows. 'KUN

each Kanji has at least

two ways of being read; the so-called

-

'ON'

Meaning

-6---8-./ I '

e-

B

[NICHI]

sun day

~- *- LL:K~-~i- ((I
~-D-D-

~-~-~-

[GETSU]

moon month

*
}II
t:.

[MOKU] [BOKU] [SAN]

tree

mountain

-m-EE-

)II -

( [SEN] )

river

[DEN]

rice field

~-}_-)_-A

[JIN] [NIN]

man person mouth

of-'-'with other

0

[KOU]

[SHA]

car

lJntD- [fJ~ - ~~-

[MON]

gate is rarely used.

* ( ) reading

When a single Kanji is used alone as a word, we usually read it by its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) which gives its meaning. When Kanji are used together we often read them by their 'ON YOMI' speaking, however, the way of reading Kanji should Kanji to make a word,

(Chinese reading) . Generally

be decided according to each individual word.

Lesson 1

2- 1.

~*(J)iJ') ~ iJ') t;:.
,1"-,1,,
in a square.

(Kanji Writings)

< ~ 'I A, O)JI.t-JI.t

(Basic Rules)

>

1 : Make every Kanji the same size and put them

,1"-,1,, 2
(1)

: Follow the basic stroke order. Write from left to right.

(2) Write downward.

I~

=::!:1 ~2 ___.,3

(3) Draw strokes from the top to the bottom as follows.

lr·

e:_

(4) Draw strokes from the left to the right in the following order.

(5) Draw a square in the following way.
123

Hfl

H

(6) When there is a figure in the square, the line which closes the square is drawn last.
1

r1l bJ
3

c.f. When a stroke line passes through a square, draw that stroke last.
1,

U

r1l

2

nn m E8 --.4

5

I t

12

11

I,

I=;!

~

J. ~r» .Je ~+-ro t-tt

,1"-,1,, 3

: There are three basic ways to end a stroke.

® Stretch

elf;',

® Hook

Lesson 1

~*
1

" , l-J. sun day

<Iv~l-J. t»/ -(.J'

*:"-3~

(~" < T -?)
(4)

8
\

=-1-/=( -:J'J)

-~"

nR8
8 ('(}) the sun, a day 8*0:· ~ilv/~:-:>· ~;rlv) Japan 8 Bl8 (~: i? . ~ -? • Lf) Sunday 3 8 (l-J. -:>. ~,,) the 3rd day
IT'J -jf'J

2

f1
J

n 11 f!
tree
~

moon month

"::)~

(4 )

R ("? ~) the moon, a month R Bl8 (~f"? . J: -? • Lf) Monday 3

1 R ("'i? . ~{"::) January 1 (,,' -:» ~"R Of"::) one month

;t\.
*(~) *Bl8

- t :t I~
(~< .
a tree

.;c7 ~7

(4 )

J: -? . (}') Thursday ~i

*tt

(~ .

v G)

Japanese name

4

L1
1 J_

mountain

-lj-:.--

(3)

tL
L1JT (~i . L t::.) Japanese name j(LIJ (~" . ~~Iv) a volcano

LIJ(~ i) a mountain 'M±LIJ (k . t: . ~ Iv) Mt. Fuji

Lesson 1

5

}' I
)

il*

It \ h.

<A.,.t.J.J..
ipb/ -iJ~b

:t/3~

(ip

<-"9 -))
(3 )

river

(~/)

]I

J"

)11(iJ~b) a river 1 )v) II (~\t ~.Q

-r

iJ~ ) the Nile River b t::./-t':'

6

, nm
ill

rice field

-r'./
(5)

FA 83
EB (t::. . ~iJ~) Japanese name ~
(fj.7j(

EH (t::.) Iv,;r a rice field JlJ EB(~ i . t.:.) Japanese name 7

(r'A,

T(. l)

c<-y-ro?

'-;:;;;-0'.(

','/' er-C '- ';y"/

A

man person

U-c

:J'./
=-'./

(2 )

) }..._
.A to c) man, a person 3 .A ( ~ Iv . Iv) three people
B *.A

,=

0= . 'ilv

. t.1v) a Japanese

8

0
\

mouth

< i?/-

<"i?

::I?
(3 )

n

0
an exit .A D (t.1v . -: -)) population

D ( < i?) a mouth AD (\t~ ~ . <"i?) an entrance

te D (-r- • <"i?)

Lesson 1

~~

", J.J..
car

<lvt-J.J..

:t/3~

(~~< T -? )
(7)

9

- - ---ri A a \

*
J.I[ (
§

<~i
9

~""

*
~J.I[ (-e Iv . L ~) a train

JlJ.

< ~ i)
(t .

a car

c' -? .

L ~ ) a car, an automobile

10

f9
J

gate

rr

p pI

P1

r, r9

(~~c')

.:c/
(8)

-wr~

r~(b Iv)

a gate (-ttlv • b Iv) a speciality

Lesson 1

2 - 2.

J: h nA L ~?, (Reading Exercises)
~I "-,_ ~~~~-.:---;-~~-:_----.

I.cr'!

-'"

I.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.
2 .•

1.* 6. A 11. A D

3. A 8. ill

4.

r~

5. 8 10. B3

7. D

9. )11

12. ill B3 ~Iv

n.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l.8Bi8
2. A

,J:?

.t?

IIil 8

3.

* Bi 8
.t?

4. 8

*
11'"

5. ~ J:

-7 Ii

3 A 1 5 8 -e'T

0

Today is the 15th of March.

6. j;O)AliLiJ)1I ~1v-e'To

That man over there is Mr. Yamakawa.

7. LlJ)11 ~lvli8*A

11'"

-c+,

Mr. Yamakawa is a Japanese.

8. j;O)LiJli$tietLiJ-e'To
?(

If

That mountain over there is Mt. Tsukuba.

9. .:. 0))11liflJ~)II-e'T
c
t.l

0

This river is the Tone River.

10. )11 B3~

1v00-wr~ it'"

li.-e'To

Mr. Kawada's specialty

is cars.

Lesson 1

2 - 3.

1J~~

nA L, ~?

(Writing Exercises)

I.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

Kanji.

1. a tree

2. a man

3. a mouth

4. the sun

5. the moon

D
~

D
O-c
7. a mountain

D
(-;

D
0-

D
-:)~

6. a river

8. a rice field

9. a car

10. a gate

D
1J~b

D
~!

D
t:

D

(:Q!

D
tlv

Lesson 1

n.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.

1. January

2. February

3. March

4. April

20
5. May 6. June
7. July 8. August

9. September

10. October

11. November

12. December

13. a train

14. Sunday

15. Monday

16. Thursday

17. Mt. Tsukuba

18. Mt. Fuji

19. population

20. a speciality

$A
'?

rltO
If
~A,

<

CD
22. Mr. Yamada 23. Miss Yamakawa 24. the Tone River

21. a Japanese

Lesson 2

I~2il
I..:::z..

=

'Y ~

1

I

~*(1.H1~ ~ (Lectures on Kanji)
( Kanji made from pictures -2- )
Each drawing indicates a certain meaning.

xjJ')i:;;

-r-~ t.:~* - 2 -

Look at the following picture.

~Iiw
~;) /
/----.

~~O'

.

---

Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters

below.

1. )( 8.

*

2.

tJ:.

3. ~

4.

1:.

5.

-=f

7.

±

9 . )t

Lesson 2

These Remember

Kanji characters that each Kanji

were made from very primitive has its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese

pictures reading)

as follows. and 'ON

YOMI' (Chinese Picture

reading).

-+

Kanji

'KUN'

'ON'

Meaning

[KA]
I" » ,II ill \J

fire

<:>. If

-+

[SUI]

water gold money metal ground earth soil child

",,'

~

,+:' -~

[KIN]

_±-

±- ±

[DO]

[SHIJ

[JO]

woman female study

~<. I >

[GAKU]

Usually Katakana kana as soon as possible

1=---B:_
)G -

[SEI]

live birth foregoing previous usmg Kata-

[SEN]

the 'ON YOMI'

(Chinese

reading)

of Kanji will be written are expected to learn

in a Kanji dictionary.

Therefore,

students

after mastering

Hiragana.

Lesson 2

l_l=~:;"
2- 1.

21
0)
IJ><

~=~O)

~

'~A~*

(Basic Kanji)

~* 71) ~ 71)

f:::. ( Kanji Writings)

< ~ '~AQ)OO

(Basic Strokes)
line

>
-:::>i?

(1) a horizontal

hit).

(2) a vertical

-It) ~

;t_
-:::>i?

line

hit).

)tJ

iJ~v

.t.
~ ~

-?i

".i
-

<~i

(3) a slanting line

(}t
hit).

A
-:::>~
~

(4) a short hook

*
JK
~~-)

iJ~tl

h-T

hit).

(5) a long hook

t
~:"0

"-

hit).

(6) a corner

tc
<~

2~

1L
-?i

I~

i3A-1j
~

vt::. L

hit).

0

LL r+
iJ{<

(7) a dot and various short lines

t~
-tZ-1t )

hit).

*

o

t

.c-.
~

iJ~tl

it

Lesson 2

11

,

*-

7~*
fire
\/

V) J;.

(1vt.J;.

:t/3~

(/,p( T-J)

V'

7J

(4 )

'J/ 'J(_
)(LlJ Up . 2"1v) a volcano

)( (V') fire

)(!Iff B UP . t. -J . rf') Tuesday
water
J;.f

12

1](
J 7J

.:A

1
(4 )

1Y'

1K
7.k83 (TV) .

7.k (J;.f) water 7.k1l{f (TV) . t. -J . rj') Wednesday B
13

-r: Iv)
-1'"/

a rice field

i/

gold, money metal

IPP

(8)

/"---

J.>...

c-:

- l' 1F i~

J3i: (/'ptl) money i: (~Iv) gold
14

i:83 (lJ'P . t3.) Japanese name i:!Iff B (~Iv . t. -J . rJ') Friday
-::>i?

±t

ground earth, soil

P'
(3)

±
±*

± (-::> i? ) the ground ±!Iff B (c' . t. -J . en Saturday

(c' . 'i- <)

civil engineering

Lesson 2

iW;*
15

v' J.;.
child

<1vJ:ch.
._
'-

:t/3~
:",

(7,)~ <

T -7 )
(3)

"1

f ...,
)

f
~(.t31v~)0).:r

.:r(.:) C'b a child ~.:r¥~ ( t.J: . L . 7,)>: < . -t!-v') a girl student
16

c:)

a girl

-k

..

woman female

.t31vtj:

:/3 (3)

IJ.. -i;:
~(.t3Ivtj:)(J)A

~ (.t31v tj:) a woman 1Jf~ (7,)~(J) • t.J:) she 17

tt»

c)

a woman

~

1,

study

("1 ~-~)
,y

7f7/7f,')(8)

"

,'I

I

~

f-? ~3 ~ t
A¥(t:.v, . 7,)>:<)
a university

¥~ (7,)>: < • -t!-v') a student ¥~ (7,)>: -::> • .: -7 ) a school
18

i
}

live birth J.-

V'- ~ ~

-7 -"1

n~

-t1
(5)

t tf 1to be born ¥~ (7,)>: < • -t!-v') a student

~ (v,) ~.0

.5t~

to live (it Iv . -t!-p) a teacher

~ ( -7 ) "1 n.0

Lesson 2

i~*
19

V)J.J.. previous foregoing
'.' :-::)

7t

<1vJ:J.J..
~~
OJ. ',.,.', ~_

;t~3~

(]j;

< T -))
(6 )

-l:~

r »I

}

)-

*"

11:-

1- tc
)'[;jJ (-ttlv·

)'[;(~~)

ahead a teacher

~f":)) last month

)'[;!t (-tt Iv . -ttV))

20

;f~
./

private
')' t) :.~.

-f
./

bt:. L bt:. < t.

~ (7)

;f

:f

:{L-

tb..
]j<;

I

f.l.(b i: l/ b t: < L) I f.l.rr*~ (l . IJ ":::> • t!.v) .

<)

a private university

Lesson 2

2 - 2.

J: h nit, L ~?

(Reading

Exercises)

I.

Write the reading 2. -=f

of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

3.

17:.

4.

*
10.

5.

*

6. {fi:

7.

±

8. J] B{l B
,J:?

9.

o:
J:?

J:?

B{l

B

*

B{l B J:?

11. *B{l

J:?

B

12. {fi: B{l B
J:?

13.

±

B{l B

14. B B{l B
J:?

15. ~ ~

16 . .!Jc ~

II. Write the reading

of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

6.

2b (J)17:.-=f~~

Ii 2 1 -(:'T

0

That girl student

is 21 years

old.

7. fl(J)~iFJ]

~~

B Li 1 9 6 0 iF 3 J] lIB
~~

-eTo

My date of birth

is

the 11 th of March 1960.

Lesson

2

2 - 3. tJ'~ ~
I.

nit, G ~?

(Writing Exercises)

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

Kanji.

1. I

2. a student

3. a woman

4. a child

5. a teacher

D
bt:L

[IJ
'b~<

-tfl \

D
;b'Iv/;t

D
~
9. the ground

CD
-tf Iv -tf t \

6. money

7. water

8. fire

10. gold

i3D D
'b';Q

;;.f

D
0-

D
-::>1j

D
~Iv

Lesson

2

IT. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

Kanji.

1. Monday

2. Tuesday

3. Wednesday

4. Thursday

5. Friday

6. Saturday

7. Sunday

8. a woman

OHiO OHiO OHiO O(})O
Oc
9. a girl 10. a girl student
11. a university 12. a fire

13. the date of one's birth

14. a rice field

OJ
15. a private university 16. my teacher 17. ahead

bt::.L..

18. Mr. Kaneda

19. Miss Tsuchida

20. a gold car

L,

"?

-r ~\ "9 iJ') II·I.j
(a calendar)

*

-C-' ~

* 9 tJ)

Lesson 2

~=

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

< 7J t- :/ 9'-

>

----------------------------------------------

B

Fl
2

'k
3

7}(

4
11

*

~ 6 13 20 27

±
7 14 21
28

5

8 15 22

9 16 23

10 17 24

12 19 26

18 25

[Questi onsl

3.

2 Al7 B l;tfllJlIfl B "'C-tlJ'o

Lesson 3

I~3~ I
t:_t \ ~ Iv
1]'>

I~=\:; ~ 1 I

5l*0) 'i fd: G

( Lectures on Kanji)

ti:*
-t? ~ signs.

( Numbers)
ideas like numbers are indicated with the fingers ending. 'ON' and other

Abstract

Look at the following signs.

"--::) " is the Hiragana 'KUN'

Sign

-------~W2+2-- j2 -- ()g -ff -- 33_ -- 1i --~W3+; -- -c -~+: I~-;/J~~ J'" -- )\ /~~L -- }L -~"; -=t -- + -- +
-~ ~ ~ ~ = ~+2-\

~-- ~--

-

Kanji

Meaning

t» c --::)
Js.,

[ICHI]

one

t:--::)

[NI]

two

J.;. -::> --::)

[SAN]

three

J:.

-::> --::)

[SHI]

four

p -::)--::)

[GO]

five

~

)\._

__I__..

/\

tr --:; --::)

[ROKU]

SIX

~~

tj tj--::)

[SHICHI]

seven

-?

-::> --::)

[HACHI]

eight

.::..::.(!) --::)

[KYUU] [KU]

DIne

c:B

[JUU]

ten

Lesson

3

21

22 -

-=

one
( 1)

one (thing) -Jj (Pi::>· iJ{-::» January two

- to (:)-::>

- A ([} (: . I)) one (person) -:~q:q\t)i::> . tJ.1v) one year

-(obt::) -::> two (things) =Jj 0: . iJ{-::» February

(2 )

23

-

three (3)

- -(J;.. --;J) -::> three (things)
__ M_a_rc_h

B (J;.. --;J • iJ~)

the 3rd day

~_Jj_(_~_Iv '_iJ_{-::>_ ) __ _

~__(~__Iv_._tJ. __ t_hr_e_e_y_e_ar_s __Iv_)

_j

Lesson

3

?~*
24

\;) J;.
four

<1vJ:J;. J: -:J ---=:> J:1v/J:

*/32.
/'

(;0, <

T -])l
(5 )

[9
\

n TTl vq

\I9
---

1m(J:-:J)--=:> four (things) . ;o--=:» AprIl -> 11m~(L
,-----,------------,----------------------~-------

1m B (J: -:J • 11')

.

the 4th day

25

.1L

J
:f

five

(4 )

n(\;)--=:»--=:> five (things) n~ (.::' • ;o->--=:» May
26
_..LSIX

n B (\;)--=:> • 11')
E)___

nif. (.::' tJ.1v) .
(::".

,=

h)

the 5th day five years
'5"
pE ,.So....,!> ,

J -,

(4 )

/\ (U -:J) --=:> six (things) /\~ (6 < • ;or--=:» June

27 ~

seven

r------+---t--i----t-----t----t--t---+--t----+---If-----+----t--+----+--t-----

---t;(ftft/))--'-)

7 cosas ---t;jj (L ~;6~--'-)) julio

---t;a (ftO);6'» 70 dia ---t;~(L ~hlv) 7 afios
---t;A(ftft~~Iv/L~~~Iv)

7 personas

Lesson 3

~*
28

I.t'

J;.

<1vJ:J;.
~ -:J-"':)

*/3~
J\7- / J\

(ip < v:

T -?)
(2)

J'"
J

eight

J"• 1J» J\$U±i? . alv)
A A (~~ 1::> • ,-::?,_)
.:. .:. (J) - "':)

J\ (~ -:J ) "':) eight (things) J\A (,± i? . iJ~)) August r...ffi '(~;t"?V-0~ ( ~oo

* J\ B ( J: -)

the 8th day eight years
S' -p-e...-s
C>'-

c. ~

29

fL
)

nme

7
:f-.:2.'/

(2)

1l
nine (things) . iJ~"':)) September

n(.:. (J)) "':) .:.
nA «

17.. A (~-7"=-h)

n B (.:. nEf (~

.:.

(J) •

iJ'»

~ -? •

u- ~

~

the 9th day < ) 900
P"',<5:o'-'e-<;

30

-+
+(t.t3) + A (t:
31
19>

+

ten

t.t3

:/.:2.'/ ,,' ',/ .:2. 'Y - /

',/

, ...

'/ -

(2)

ten (things) -? • iJ~"':)) October

+$ (t: ~ -? •

+ B (t.t3

. iJ'»

the 10th day alv) 10 years

8
~

hundred

~ -\'7 /-t::'-\' 7 -l!-\'7

(6)

.--- -r:

T 11 A 8
.
200

-130,- 0-\='<) :t\13(;:Y~0-\='<)
7"

600

r.

" _13(~IvV-\='<) 130d:0 0-\='<)

300

800

Lesson

3

32

+Jj

thousand (3)

-=fPi (-{i- Iv . :Z Iv) -=r- (-2 Iv . -tf'Iv) ten thousand all, every

a thousand
3,000

yen

-=f~ (~ . L1')

Chiba pre£.

33

34

(3)

-75Pi ( It) -l- • ':J 7500 Of'1v . -=-

-:of: d..

<)

I rv

' ·;z_1v

ten thousan d yen all countries
)

=t: Ilf,\t /J ~

(" (j:

It·

<;

-\-") I It

L<,-cJ",,,,,Jc_

~--~--------------~-----------------------------------

P1

circle yen

(4)

1

nrJPi
Iv)

1i-=ff1ii :

Pl (:Z

. -{i- Iv

a circle,
.

yen

:Z Iv)

5, 000 yen

year age
)

(6 )

~ J:::C~ L·'5;;t)
~~(

persona mayor, viejo/ a 2:" J: • tllv) afio pasado

4'~C:::-· ~ L)

*~( G v \ . tllv)

afio pasado

este afio

Lesson 3

2 - 2.

J: Jj nA G ~ oj (Reading Exercises)
of the following Kanj i in Hiragana. (Read vertically from

W ri te the reading the right.)

II
)\ ,

-t,
-,..

-'/\

,

=:,
~ J

-,

,

+,
~

n,
0)

I
)\
-,.. '-

-l: ,

[g

,

+:
3t
el: ~
J

f:l

'-

s; =;
~

0)

'i

B

0)

< ~=
0

f:l

J:

)\

n

f:l
B

d0

A
/\

'i

B

B -C'

'i -'A

c"
<b

n f:l n
B

'i

s:
~
[g

B
-'/\

'i -

ill 'i

d0
-tt
Iv

'i
i
V)

+
7J G

0)

0)

,

-,

Ii
B

+
T
0

+
:J.
1

'i *

0)

ill
)I[;
~

EE

-t

7J

B
fIJ

=:
7J fIJ

+

[g

0)

+

fIJ

~

-,

<"
0

T
0

B -C'

7.K
el: ~
J

0 [g
-'/\

f:l

-'/\

-c

v)

0

T

-C'

T

B -C'

+ [g
B

T

-C'

r }v
0

T

-C'

+ n
T
-C'
0

[g

'i

i: ,

+

-'/\

0

f:l

n"
,

[g

-8

n

fIJ
-, --

0

n
I

-'/\

)\
~

)\

B
fIJ

-'/\

=:
I.
1. ¥100

2. ¥6,900 5. 4 months Yamada's age is 49.

3. ¥600 6. 8 years

4. ¥17,000 7. Professor

8. This car costs ¥450, 000. 9. That mountain is 2,000 meters high. 10. One year has 365 days.

II.

1. the 3rd of March

2. the 24th of June 4. 03-3469-8251 the 9th of September. Day. is about 60,000,000.

3. the year 1985 5. Today is Wednesday

6. The 5th of May is Children's 7. The population of this country

Lesson

3

2 - 3.

lJ~ ~

tt A L ~?

(Writing

Exercises)

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

Kanji.

II.

I.

t1~8!
13.

12.

8.

5.
--r. <-

l.
1=

V'

t: '5
Iv
~ ;t

<

'\'

(=

t: '5
~ ;t

I:_j~
14.

8I

9.

2. Iv If
;t ~

Iv

<

'\'

6.
Ii
-:J

Iv

r.J

Dt~ iJ~ E-l: D~'

10.

<
--r"

'\'

3.
'5

<-

<

t: '5
~ ;t

-tt

Iv

;t

Iv 7. Iv

Iv

4.
Ii

8:

11.

J::

-s
;t

'i Iv
~ ~ -tt

'i Iv Iv

Iv Iv

;t

D~ D~ Dc D7 Dt Dx DL D=" D~ D~ Dt D<
10.
l.

11.

2.

3.

12.

4.

13.
L\

5.

~

Iv
;Z_

i

6.

Iv

14.
-tt

7.

Iv

~ ~

V'

'5

8.

< tl
Iv

'\'

9.

Lesson 3

t.

il'
-:J

D~
(J)
-It
p

27.

24.
'5 7J~
-:J

t ~

21.
t,

18.
t,

15.
p

'5
7J~
-:J /j:
(f)

'5
-:J -:J

7J~
-:J

7J'

t:
'5
t ~ t.

to
7J'

C=

J:

-:>

P

tl
Iv

11'

7J'

t::.

'5

'5

7J'
-:>

I:

T

-r:
0

'5

r.J

25.
t ~

22.
Ii

19.
7""

16.
I:


-It Iv ~ ~ 0 ~

'5

'5

'-

---:J

p

'5
-:J

-:J

11' J: '5 11'

-:J

11'
p

11'

7J'

b
-:J

-:J

'5

11'

11'

6
t ~

< <

26.
'5
t ~

23.

20.
6

17.
~ Iv
-:J

'5
'-

<
11~
-:J
7"

<

7""

I:

-:J

11'
U

11'

tl
Iv

-:J

11'

'7"

(f)

'-

P

;lj_ -:>

I

11'

11'

11'

1. ¥20 5. ¥520 8. 10 years 12. three people 15. the 18. the 21. the 24. the

2. ¥300 6. ¥850

3. ¥6,000 7. ¥47,000

4. ¥80,000

9. 100 years II. two people 10. one person 13. four people 14. one month 16. the 2nd of February 1st of January 17. the 3rd of March 4th of April 19. the 5th of May 20. the 6th of June 7th of July 22. the 8th of August 23. the 9th of September 25. November 10th of October 26. December

Lesson 3

(Do you know these words?
'(>

Can you use them?)

I.

)\

sl¥.
;b' '('

(Greengrocer)

l. ~ Iv:::_' (an apple) 2. J;.iJ'lv 3. ~C"-7 4. TV1iJ,
5. /{-j--j-

I±~ -~ I±~ I±~

V'

<

t? -C-TiJ~o

(an orange) (a grape)

-~v)< t?--C'TiJ'o

-~V>

< t?--C'TiJ'o
-~v'<
(v'-::J'i"Iv)

(a watermelon) (a banana) I±~

-*
I±~

I±~

t?--C'TiJ'o
V1 < t?--C'TiJ'o t? -C-TiJ'o

6. ~ 7.

V)J

-7 ~ (a cucumber)
l- (a tomato)
(a carrot) (an onion)

-*v. <
<

~7

I±~ -~V' I±~

t?--C'TiJ'o t?--C'TiJ'o

8. ~=lvtlv
9. t-=1h.~"

-*v1<
-~V'

t±~

< t?--C'TiJ'o

10. :::t--t~Y (una col) i'i~

~")v\<G-C-T;6)o

Lesson 3

ll.

-t ';f~
'(>

(Japanese

Noodle Shop)
~
"'_:)

-t--)

b IJ

1P

c~

-t--)

~t

t.:.
-t--)
~ ~

Ji
-t--)
~

7(.

,_L.,.

'fA1m

L:f'A1m

c~

-t--)

tJ.

£ -t--)
~

~

Lf'A:Ii

c~

c~

'fA:Ii

LfA-'-

c~

it B
:Ii
-'/\

'fA-

c"

B
f=q

B
f=q

B
f=q

B
f=q

/\

B
f=q

-JL

B
f=q

+ f=q

b IJ -t-

,~r

thin buckwheat

noodles

served

on a bamboo tray

-) c"A1)"~t -

thick white noodles

served

on a bamboo tray

noodles

in hot soup

~ "'_:) tJ.

noodles with fried bean curd, served

in hot soup that fried bean curd
IS

(~ "'_:) tJ.

means 'a fox' and it is believed food of the fox')

the favorite

t: ~ ~ -

noodles soup

with

bits

of deep-fried

tempura

batter,

served

In

hot

(t.:.~ ~ means 'a badger.')

noodles

with

an egg, served

In

hot soup

(Ji Ji!. means

'moon-viewing.')

noodles hot soup

with some fried vegetables

and prawns,

served

in

Lesson 4

Im4~ I
t:t ' J:.. Iv
1J)

1.:1.= 'Y
~ ="7

"

1I

j~*O) ,j,1;t ~

(Lectures

on Kanji)

~c~tpS c·~t~jl*
Abstract help of points and lines. Sign

( Kanji made from signs)
are indicated with the

ideas which are impossible to illustrate

-+ -+

Look at the followings. Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning

• •

-+

l_

.L

-+

_l

j;:Z_

'>

'>

[JOU]

above up under down middle inside big

-+

T
~

T

-+

Lt~
~fp

[GE]
[CHUU]

$

-+

-+

cp

-+

*** W
-+ -+ -+ 0

-+

, ~* *
o
-+

0

/J \

-+

IJ\

*

:B:B-~'"

[DAIJ [SHOU] [HON]

~\;)-~v)

small root ongll1 book half

-+

-+

t~
(~ I?'-li')

~ff =* f -1'~1J' 71'"
-+ -+ -+

-+

~

[HAN]

-+

7t

b-H6

[FUN] [BUN]

divide power

d!J~o

-+

/J

-+

~I?' G

[RYOKU]

Lesson 4

2 - 1 . 51*0) t)'~ tJ) t: (Writing Kanji) ~

?~*
36

v \ J.J..
above, on up, superior

<1vJ:J.J..

:t/'3~

(ip < -t

-? )

.t.
1
_t(-?

-? x./~-iJ~':'/o)'i'"-':' ~-~f~

:/3'7 (3)

r .L
x.)
.I; (~) iJ~~ .l;~ ( t J:

above, on .l; (0) 'i'") ~ to go up
37

-?

to go up, to rise • -9) ~ skillful

- T -"F
T (It.:)
38

l'

under down, inferior

L..t.:/~-iJ~~/

< t!.-':'

~-~f~

7J JT

(3)

1F'F (c L . L t.:)

under

'r (~) iI~~
younger

r1f!Of·
~iJ),

to go down L~)-t~ to get off

t
\

middle inside

7-.::J..'7 -:/.::J..'7

(4 )

n

p

l'

J

r:p (~iJ") inside - B r:p (It \ t . ~: t . L ~ -? )

r:pJL~(t ~ -? . llv)
all day long

the center

Lesson 4

?~*
39

I/)h.

< 1v·J:h.
;J:3;J:3-§v)

:;t:/3~

(7b" <

T -))
(3)

- + t;
40

k

big, large great

~~1 ~1

:k(;J:3;J:3) § V)=:k§ ~ big :k-tm (t:: v) . -tt-:::» ~ important

:k?if- (t:.V) . 7b{<) a university *:kA(;J:3t~) an adult i?v)-~v) .:./;J:3

) J -,
j
lJ

small, little

Y3?
(3)

J

J,
small
• .:. -) )

Ij" ( i::J v-) ~ v' = Ij" ~ ~ Ij"?if-tx ( L J: -) • 7b{-:::>

Ij,,)11 (;J:3 . 7b{;f')

a primary school

* Ij"A(':'

a brook, a stream t" i> ) a child

41

7- ~

- t t ;KI~
Ilpf((-?~ . i> t) ;$: B Ullv . t: -:::» a Japanese this day surname ;$:Ollv) ;$:rn Ollv a book . "C Iv)
}'\:/

root, origin true, main

i>t

*:/

(5)

the main office

42

f ,

half
';_j.

(~7b"- Lf)

(5) '/
~ ...-

t
-f-7t(lilv . £Iv) - H;f-f- ( ~ Iv . t:

-f- (~7b") If halfway, middle -f-if. (Ii Iv . t L) half a year

.

half Ii Iv)

3 : 30
1

Lesson 4

~*
43

v' J;_
division, part minute

<1vJ:J-;. b-~~n~/b-~~~ b- ~t~

*/3~

(~~ <

-t -)
(4 )

1;"
J

7'/ /7" 7//-7°/

/"-.

/7' 11'
7t (b) ~~~ to understand ~7t(~ -? . ~Iv) six minutes
i? ~~i?
1) 3 1) .:f

7J-(b)~t~ to divide Ii7t(;:~ . ~Iv) five minutes

44

-h
7 tJ

power, force ability

-7
(2)

1J (i? ~~i?) power 1J~ (IJ ~ . ~'f < ) dynamics
45

~1J ( L-J

.

IJ

J:

<)

one's real ability

~or
}
{PI (~~:) {PIA(~1v

what

~t:/~Iv

('}] )

(7)

1 1- 1r- in- 111 10J
what
. ~:Iv)

how many people

{PI (~ Iv) --e-t ~~o {PI iF ( 7'j /: • tllv)

What is it? what year

Lesson 4

2 - 2.

J: Jj. ttA.. L,.kJ>?

(Reading Ex~rcise~)

I.

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3.

1.*

2. {llJ

1J

4. 1::

5. T

6. q:t

12.

*-5t

13.

*-¥

14. q:t¥

15.

-t5t

16. {llJ~

II.

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. B *~:g.O)*-C'T0 -,

1. ::.n'±{llJO)*-c-Tipo

3. -:::>

<

;Z_ 0) 1::~:.;J31i£iJ{~

V) iTo

There is some money on the desk.

5.

*- ~ \;'7

-

-t- ~-,¥-5tt:5t~t i

L ts ;

We divided a big cake in two.

Lesson 4

2 - 3 .iJ)

~ ttA L ~?

(Writing Exercises)

I.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate 1.
on

Kanji.

under i.r:

2.

t:t,
large

tJ
i?~-7
medium

3. big

0
L.J:-7
small

0~
;b';f,'

V)

4. what

5. what book

6. a small university

7. power

D
8. to understand 9. five minutes

D
10. to divide it in half

OJ

Lesson 4

(Do you know these words? <qR~'hQ)i*
x.1!

Can you use them?)

(Kanji at a Station»

,..--------1

~

l::f

G CJ

11'
te~

North Gate Subway

AD
West Gate

11111

[[I[[
11111

11111

East Gate

teo
South Gate '"

AD 1m
CJ

11'

I
Exit

I
AD
Entrance

ill CJ

ticket gate

=

Lesson 4

II. Fill in the blanks withappr9PtiateJ(anji. 1. inside 2. water power 3. heat power 4. half past nine

D

t.r. 7J~

CD
TP
I) J: <

CD
7)'
I)J:<

5. what time

6. for counting long slender objects

Da~CD
7. a Japanese 8. up train 9. down train

...
10. an adult

CD
11: a primary school 12. a junior high school

13. the middle of July

14. a half, 1/2

15. one third, 1/3

CD(J)D~~r
16. three quarters,

3/4

17. all day long

18. Mr. Yamamoto's specialty is dynamics.

Lesson 4

J:lJ 11$
1

o

0

9

up train

-7_*

*-1..
P
T lJ m!l!
o
0 -0 0

platform
o
U

1 1,--....,--.,.....---'
down train

Exercise

What do the following Kanji mean?

3. AD
4. J:.~

(\rd) <"i:,)
(O)t;f ~)

5. 6.

r~ ( < t!. ~)

*0

(v- iI{ L <"i? )
(~::L <"i?)
(~t-: <"i?)

7. ~D 8. ~tD

9. T¥iD (h. t:t.l7- <"i? ) 10. :l&ri~ (i:, iI"""("'J)

Lesson 5

Imsi I I.:J.. =
'Y ~
<
t, h

1 1f-----5l=.F0) '11;;.
ih

l,; (Lectures

on Kanji)

~~O)*-lih.g..b-tt tr 6
What does the Kanji Kanji I~J
I

-r:' ~ t.:5~=.F
BJ
mean? It means 'the sun.' What does the Then, what do you think the Kanji Now,

( Kanji made from a combination of the meanings)
l}j J mean?
means? It means 'the moon.'

It means 'bright'!

Some Kanji are made by combining rather simple characters. guess the meaning of the following Kanji.

l.

1*

2.

1ft

3. ~ 7.

4. 8.

~t

5·1*

6. ~

Fs9

*

Look at the following examples and see how each character combined and made into a new meaning. Combination Kanji 'KUN' ~7P- ~
It,

was

'ON' [MEl]

Meaning bright

B
sun

+ + + +

}j
moon

-

~

both the sun and the moon are 'bright'
-\=>

A
man

tree

A
man

OrIgm

- 1* * * - 1*

-t- ts

[KYUU] beside a tree [TAl]

rest

a man is 'resting' 7)' G t3.

the body

the origin of a man is 'the body'

17:
woman

-=f
child

- ~t

T-~

[KOU]

love, like

a woman 'loves' a child

Lesson 5

Combination

Kanji

'KUN'

'ON'

Meaning

rice field

tree

+ - ** ** + + * * *- ** r~ + - ra'
H3

+

1J

~

power

.Be::' [DAN] a man, male , a man' is powerful in the rice field
Lt~L

[RIN]

tree

tree

two trees make 'a wood'

a wood a grove

~ IJ

[SHIN]

tree

tree

three trees make 'a forest'
d; p t:

a forest a jungle

B

[KAN]

between

gate

sun

the sun can be seen 'between' the doors
Lt t: ~t

)(
fire

+ +

H3
field

- im

a cultivated

field

,-

),'

1

burn up the field and make 'a cultivated field'
ph

llJ
mountain

D
stone

-

J-.LI

~

[GAN]

a rock

a big stone in the mountain is 'a rock'

"*

Most Kanji were transmitted in Japan.

from China, however,

there

are some

Kanji that originated (to work),

For example, iHI(lit.:tt),

-mwUit.:G)

mt( c -7 tf)
cod)

<

(a mountain pass) are of Japanese Reading).

origin.

There-

fore, they do not have 'ON YOMI' (Chinese to express

Many Kanji used origin.

the names of fish and plant are of Japanese

e.g. ~(t.:G)(a ~(Ph

L)(a sardine)

.

Lesson 5

2 - 1. 5l=.F0) tJ~ tJ') t: (Kanji Writings) ~
i:l*
46
It \ J.;_

<1v~J.;_

:t/3~

(il"<T0) (8)

8~
1

bright light

n

A

8

8)

an 811 B}1
~T-tJ

~-~t~

~il"-~

It\

_)(1

1¥1 (~~~)
a)H~)

Q It\

~tQ
rest

bright, cheerful (dawn) to break .:t-..:z..rJ (6 )

47

i*'/

1 1- 1t 1t 1i
1*(~T)ha break, a holiday

1*(~T)U to rest, to be absent 1*B(~1<»0' t-J) a holiday 48

12
/

body

~~Gt':_

:$'1
(7 )

~

1 1-

1t 1* 1*-1*
1*1f (t:.'v)
.
\,1\

1* (~~G t.:.) a body {*11 (t:.'v) . f) J: <) physical strength

<)

physical exercises

Lesson

5

?~*
49

It>

Ji.

<lvJ.J.;_ T-~ 1j T-<

:t/3~
::Ir]

(7J"<T-J)

~f
(

love, like favorite

(6)

k

~

-t_"7

~3 &f

H(T) ~ 1j H(T)ir'n~
50
~ \

favorite to be loved
He':' ?'~/

man male

T/ FR 93

(7 )

nm

7

EEl

'i
~ (13

~(13e,:,)

~-r~j:_

a man (t.=/; . L . -/J'f <

e :.) O)-r (.:.)
1) :/

a boy

• -ttlt»

a boy student

51

t*,

-

wood grove

Ii -? L

(8)

t t t ~-*t ift t*
IJ"~* (.:. . l;;f-? L)
Japanese name

f*Ui-?l) a wood f*~ ( ~ Iv . ~'J: -J) forestry

52

I*-+ ~(~

forest jungle

.~ ~
~ ~ ~

~/

(12)

* - f t t J- ft t~
a forest woods and forests ~IE (~ ~ . t:J Japanese name

~~*t. Iv . ~ Iv) (

~)

Lesson

5

i~*
53

'v)

J.;_

<1vJ:J.;_ ;h 'v) t!.

:t/3~

(~) <

T -))
(12)

FBi
1

r

between interval

71/

;t

F

r
'v)

pI P1 r1 r9 Mj rni rAi raj
a year <1vJ:J.;_ field Ii t: it/ Ii t:

Fa' (;h 'v ) t!.) -1f: Fa' (v- ~

between • tllv . ~)Iv) J.;_

Fa' (i H=-@- (;h) a~Fa' (t . ~)Iv)

-)

to be on time time (~) <

54

Jill
\

i~*
,J

:t/3~

T -))
(9 )

cultivated

r
'v)

1- 1\

rn *m 1m fEB
field of rice and crops <1vJ:h.
'v)

iIH Oi 't) cultivated t: EBiIH U: . Ii t:_) fields

i~*
55

J.;_

:t/3~

(~) <

T -))
(8 )

E
I

L.lJ

rock

b
L1.J

71~/

a..1- Ll-'

-r
a..W

T

\J-J

;f) E
:fillJ
(\,t) b . -Y> i ) a rocky mountain

L.lJ

:fi(v)b)

:fiE (~{Iv

a rock . -It ~)

rocks and st~nes

Lesson 5

( Reading Exercises)

I.

Write

the reading

of the following 3. 1*

Kanji in Hiragana.

Lilt

2. ~

4. :!J3

5.

:E

6.

m

9.

~f~

10.

-itch-iT

1l.:!J3:tz:

IT.

Write

the reading

of the following

Kanji in Hiragana.

2. :!J3-=t-~1: t :tz:-=t-~1:

male students

and female students

3. :!J3 A t :tz:0) A 0)

men and women

There

is a river

between

the forests.

We took a rest

in a light forest.

It takes

about one hour to that small mountain.

Mr. Iwata is a cheerful

man.

There

are cultivated

fields

on the top

of the mountain.

Lesson 5

2 - 3. iJ) ~ nA G ~?
I. Fill in the blanks 1. a tree

(Writing Exercises)

with an appropriate

Kanji. 2. a tree X3

X 2 = a wood

DX2==D
3. woman

DX3==D
like 4. rice field

=

a forest

+ child

=

+ power

= a man

DcD==D
t:
6. man

5. sun

+ moon

= light

+ tree

= to rest

()

7. gate

+ sun

=

between

8. body's power

= physical

strength

ib t \ t: 9. fire

+ field
t:

= cultivated

field

10. mountain

+ stone

=

a rock

11. a boy

12. man and woman

CD

Lesson 5

II. Fill in the blanks 1. for one minute

with an appropriate

Kanji. 3. for three days

2. for two hours

4. for four weeks

5. for five months

6. for six years

DJ)!l [J
7. forests and woods

-

__

8. a holiday

9. an inactive

volcano

OJ
10. physical exercises

OJ
11. I like cheerful people.

I1

ht::.L.,

Oc

12. Those

men are Mr. Kobayashi

and Mr. Iwata.

Oc

Lesson 5

11111111111111111111111111111111

;~,

< L, ~ ?

11111111111111111111111111111111

Review

L. 1- 5

B

Jj

A

-=f

»:

7](
(IQ

17:. 0

*
!J[

.c: :ili:
__r__.

r~

± LlJ
~

J II

EE
~

=f-

1i

/'\

-t
q=t
~

1:. )'G J\ 11

B T 7J Pi .L T 7t 1J {PI tL l¥J 1* 1* ~t *t
~ ~

*
Fa'

IJ'\

+
J-LI

iHl

*
D

55+

I.

Make 5 sentences by using the Kanji above.

II. Fill in the blanks with an approriate Kanji.
,---------------------------_--------------,

DDC_lDDDD
B

Sun.

Mon.

Tue.

Wed.

Thu.

Fri.

Sat.

B

;

J
+
B

t

l][jO[J[jDD

IJ~J J l J [j [j .

Lesson

5

ill - Read the following story.

*wp~

(itlv~lv)

speciality day of the week I like -

Hi B (J:: -7 '(}')
- /){H 2; -C'T

1*1f (t.: \,-,\,-, < ) physical exercises - ~B- (::'_") ~ a language
)t;~ (it Iv

L 19> -7 )
various

last week

tlJ:i?

We

\'-'0 \'-'0 ~

-f'-:::>
(J)

- for each

i? /»

< "C'

near -

Lesson 6

I _:z_

=

':J

i' 1

1----)l*0)'j:~ L (Lectures

on Kanji)

xiJ'lS -r~ t:

)1* -

3 - (Kanji made from pictures - 3 - )
Each drawing indicates a certain meaning.

Look at the following picture.

Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters

below.

I·E

2·ft

3. 10.

/1"'-

*
§

4 . 71' .:!L..

5.

~

6.~

7.JE

8·m

9.Jt

Lesson 6

These Usually

Kanji characters reading)

were made from very primitive two ways of being read; and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading). Kanji 'KUN'

pictures

as follows. 'KUN

each Kanji has at least

the so-called

YOMI' (Japanese

Picture

~

'ON'

Meaning

- ~- f3 tjJ - ff tt - t - t L- t_- A:_ - rn /_,l'A" - tI: \ - m #-/\/'- ttT %D- /[4 - * <0>
~ r--

[MOKU]

eye

J.;.J.;.

[JI]

ear

[SHU]

hand

J0L J0~
t: ~t

[SOKU]

leg

"

[U]

ram

[CHIKU]

bamboo

O

t/

- §"" ;;f-;; - 1D ~-A - ~W2
~

* Jt

::_~

[MAIJ [BEl] ([BAIJ )

rice America shellfish

-jp It)

It)

L

[SEKl]

stone

*'

It)

C

[SHIJ

thread

Lesson 6

ilt*
56

v\h-

<1vJ:.h-

;;f:/3~

(i,p

< T ~)
(5)

§
1

eye item

¥:>

.:c7

n

A
<.
ear

~

§
§ .l; (¥:> • ~;t)

§ (¥:» §~d~

an eye

one s superiors

,

.

t:)

a table of contents
h-h':/
,-'

57

Jt -I

(6 )

r

~

:g:

It
(otorhinology)

It (h-h-) an ear It.H (t: . [J' • 1P)
58

study of the nose and ears
"'(

t
./

hand

~.:L

- -t
.".

(4 )

./

*

.:f- (-c) a hand .I;.:f- ( t: J: -? • f)

fj

skillful

*

.:f-*~ ("'( . iJ{ h-) T.:f- ("'" . t::.) fj

a letter unskillful

Lesson 6

59

Jl
\

~*
rt

"\ J;.

<fvJ:J;. ~ l/t.:- ~~
t':-T
~

;f/3~

(if'

< T -))
(7 )

leg, pair suffice

'J7

o

l'

Jr-

Jt
JE. (t.:) ~ ~
to be enough

JE. (~ l) a leg =JE. 0: . .:t- < ) two pairs
60

rf1
...

ram

~&>')

'7 (8)

-

1

- n ifJ fli m ifJ iSfu.. ram • "( Iv) rainy weather

f:f:j ( ~ &>') ) f:f:j;R (~

61

Jrl[
}

bamboo

t: £t

1-7
(6)

r

t ;-' t)-

tr
tT
name
::_&>')

tT(t.:£t) a bamboo tTB3 (t.: £t . t!.) Japanese

(t.: £t) O)-f-

a bamboo shoot

62

*\

rice (for America)

71 «1

(6)

\/

!L-

t

*

**00 (<<It\ . ::_ <) U.S.A. America

* (::_&>'») rice !f1* (i? 19> ~ • «It»)

Central

Lesson 6

iJt*
63
/'

It, J-J. shellfish

<lvlJ-J.
~ ..It'

*/3~

(~ .. < T ~)
(7 )

13
1

(J'c'n

n

A

~

§ § ,/, §
,/

J! (~..t,) a shellfish VY-<i,(At"\ ~(O I J! (~..t') ~~ ; a shell COt\e,.~O\, I
64

7Q

stone

It'L

-l!-t(5)

- T T ;f1 kJ
a stone :firm (-tt- ~ • t-9» petroleum, oil 15 (It' L) 15 J II (It' L . ~ ..;b) Japanese 1t15 (~ ... -tt- ~ ) a fossil
~

name

65
~

thread string

It' C

(6 )

I..

t

~

t tr

~

::§:/{d ~t.

:/(dlt' c)

thread It\ c) woollen yarn

Lesson 6

( Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.
1•

r.E 1"1'.1

2.15 9. J!

3. §

4.JE

5.

*'

6. It

7.

.:p

8. it

10.

*

II.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.
1.

fl

,;;I: ~

0) -)

-I}].:p ~]j'> ,,_,

It)

i L t:

0

2.

':3

A

-7 'J 7J ,;;I:

9=J* ,: ~ ~ iTo

Costa Rica is in Central

America.

days.

I am not so good at
Japanese yet.

I bought a pair of shoes
and 4 pairs of socks.

Lesson 6

2 - 3.

1)) ~

ttA

L,

'iJ>?

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji.

I . Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

1. hands and legs

2. a rainy day

3. a shell

4. rice

5. one's superiors

and one's inferiors

6. a bamboo shoot

~

?*-

(U:

~

l, t:

ot

t:lt

7. Mr. Ishikawa

.r. .r.
8. Miss Itoyama
~
t'l,

~

1J)V

t't

-'(:>1

Lesson 6

n.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. a purpose

Kanji. 3. a letter 4. a stamp

2. a table of contents

5. skillful

6. unskillful

7. an assistant

8. shortage

A..

t:

9. a heavy rain

10. a light rain

11. rain water

CD
12. America

CD
13. North America

CD
14. South America 15. Central

-r

~D

rn

America

16. thread

17. Ishikawa Prefecture

18. Mr. Takeda

D

Lesson 6

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

<A.~0)51*

t.;1v6'>t \

(Kanji used in Japanese family names) >
family names.

The following Kanji are commonly used in Japanese

EB

* :f'f
EE!=fJ 2. LlJEE 3. LlJ* 4. LlJT 5. *T 6. *fr 7. frEE 8. fr .I; 9. !=fJfr 10. !=fJLlJ 11. !=fJ)11 12. !=fJ!f 13. )11J:. 14. J:.!f 15. J:.EE
1.

(tr t:> a village)

Jf (0)

a field):

See the following Japanese (t:.i;r/J' ) (-? it.:) (-?i ~ t) (-? i Lt-:) (~O) Lt-:)

family names.

16. 17. 18.

**

(Ii -? L)

IJ"** IJ" LlJ
IJ,,)II IJ"!f

( .:: ,f'-? L) ('::-?i) (J3iJfb) (J3 0)) (~ IJ)
(~IJ~t)

19. 20.

(~trt:» (tr t:> t-:) (tr G lpJ-;_)
( i;t (i;t (i;t (i;t

21. ~
22.

~*
~EE
~-=t:;0)11 *:;0

23.
24.

( iJ'>t;. t.:) (iJ'>t;. .::)

iJ'>tr t:> ) iJ'>-? i) iJ'>iJfb) iJ'>O))

25.
26. 27.

(\{ L iJ'>b ) \
(J3J3\{\ L) (J3 J3 t: ~t)

28. (-);ZO))
29.

( -) ;z tD

30.

*tt ttEE tt!=fJ ttT

(t-:~ttD
(t-: ~t;t iJ'» i

(t: ~ L t-:) t

Lesson 6

Notice the phonetic changes as in the following.

-- JII ill (n~;bt-=)

<> Other

common family names: (Tf~)

Ex.~*

#_l
{~4*

(pO)

'3 ;t)

{~Jii

(~c:'3)
(;b t: td:«)

(~ ~ ~)

~J21
*~*IJ

J@i.

(t: ip Ii l.,)

DDJii {jtJii

(iPc:'3)
(p c: '3)

(6')1" q,.l

a name card used for business)

,..----Tit le --------, ~-----Name--------~

g9:
T

v
~

740
~

~

LIJ

lffi 0
0 ~ )\

LlJ

r=::p

0

- LlJ I I

m
I

0

*
-

}( ~ T

~

lffi ..,IT0

){_
~

T-

= ~p r:p I
I

J! ~*¥G!JJ* *
105 LLj

T

~

6

§

$*

$
",

I~ 9<: \

-I::
/\
J-

l: !l7

fH~

:

I...i__

/\

rz -sIi'iJ

rt
7.::;.7
l:3:3

J!tt
~
J

¥G it
A

-

11.
0

ffi

U

zx

r

[!9

1i

:7L

T

-I::
____j

Address Telephone

I.

Name of University. and Department

Name of Company Department and Section

Lesson 7

Iiftli I
I_:I_=
'Y ~

11 ~ ---~

51*(7)(1 fJ. ~ (Lectures on Kanji)
(Kanji made from pictures - 4 - )

j•. :/Jlc:_,

-r'~t.:)l* - 4 -

Look at the following picture and guess what it means.

Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters

below.

1.~,

2..~

9.

*

3..~ 10.

4..tf=.

5.

~m

6.

~

X

Lesson

7

2- 1.
il!:f:
66

5l=F0) tJ) ~ tJ) t:
I,. \

(Kanji Writings)
*/3~

J;..

<A.,;tJ;.. li~

(tP<T~)

1G

~

flower

7J

-

4-

++-

r

1

oW-

r

(7 )

,fG

-H-

~(Ii~) a flower ~ (~~) {fA., a vase 67

~*('i~·

. U)

fireworks

1K-

-\:f-

tea

7-"r

B

-\-

+t

Y
tea

j(

~

;f, Jf- 1r- s.
+-I-

~

(9)

i3?F. (1:.:>

*~0: . '~A., .
~)

Ig@~f~{
1:.:> ~ )

green tea

n1i~ ~ . ~ ~) (.:

e.? . ~ . -c A.,)
=-7

a coffee shop black tea

68

rt1
)

flesh, meat

(6)
~

n r1 fl rR

~] U: < ) meat J~~ U: ~ . (: <)

4-~
chicken

~1* ((: < • t: 1,.\)

(e.. 19> ~

• ,:

<)

beef the body

Lesson 7

69

:5c_
,
~

il*

" \Ji.. pattern letter, sentence

(A,t..Ji.. (kJi..)

*/3~

(~~(T?)
(4)

/";/

.:c";/
;

7

~


:t~(~A, . ~~ ) literature (

:t(~A,) a sentence :t$~ (~ A,. ~ . L..t ?)
70
~

the Ministry of Education
:/

, I,

letter character
~

.~ (6)

,.;-.

t q:
:t* (~ (A,) • t) a letter -* (t) ...letters
~cry

* (~~A,. f«!*
(t)

a letter, a character t) Kanji

71

~tJ
J
J...

thing

/-:;

.:c-:;

(8 )

t

~

~I

t7

~~

t~
it ,,\~ \ . ~cry ) (~~"
fpj~ (£: . ~"::)

a thing !E~ (1tv\ • ~"?) a living creature 72

~ (~cry)

shopping a baggage

4I

cattle, cow bull, ox

?L.

.::f.:l.?
(4 )

I-

- 4J-

*(? L.) cattle *~ ( ~. 19>?. ,:

*~ (~.19>? . ,: ( )
19>

?)

beef

cow's milk

Lesson 7

~*
73
I~

P#

<A.,J:.#
' -; ..... ;;.

*/3~
/\

(,;~ < T -? )
(10)

horse

1

r- rr

Ff

~

if;

,~

I~

I~

\~

.~(-? ~) a horse .~lt! U;f· L ~) a carnage 74
I~
/

.~1J (,;f. IJ ~)

horsepower (h.p.)

bird

C IJ

7-s'7 (11)

(

r
<.

F f3

~

~

,~ ,~

I~

I~

.~ (c IJ) B .f;.H I;t 75

a bird
1:.> l

i!t (~) ~.~ -?)
a swan
~ ,;~1j:

(c IJ) If.~ (~ . 1:.> l -?) ,:¥s

roast chicken a wild bird

iB , \,'
I /1

fish

-?i3

(11)

f f1 ff1 'fA
fish
• ~)

{B (h j
I
I'

I"

1B lS I'"
grilled fish a goldfish

1M ( ~ ,;~ 1j: )
fM~ (~ ,;~1j:

m (~) ~~. (~',;~ ) 1j:
a fish shop

1i:~.( ~ A.,

• ~. l )

Lesson 7

( Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.
I

2. ~,

3.

1t

4.

?f.

5 .. ~

6. !f:.

7 .. ~

8. )c~

1O.!f:.~

12. )c

n.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.
1..

~!t!

6. ~J~\:J~~] ~ip",\ 1 Lt.:o
~

I bought some chicken at the butcher's.

7. *!?f:\:':'Q)~~~1j:t:,"'\11""o
ft.A.

I learn these Kanji at the university.

10. 8 *A,j:~.

~*~{~\:1"" ~

0

Japanese people like fish and rice and so on.

Lesson 7

2 - 3.
I.

tJ) ~

nit, L., $?

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

1. beef

2. a small bird

3. a horse carriage

4. a letter

IT]
5. literature

IT]

IT]

IT]
7. Japanese

6. biology (=study of livingcreature)

tea

IT]
8. a goldfish 9. cherry blossoms 10. a sentence

IT]

D

Lesson 7

IT. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.
1. a flower shop 2. a fish shop 3. a butcher shop

4. beef

rn ~t:_D rn rn rn
i~~D
~
~. t/II

5. pork

6. chicken

7. horse meat

8. fish meat

9. roast meat

10. grilled fish

I:

<

i~~D
~ I:

11. roast chicken

~fJ\f.t.

12. cow's milk

D$L
I;!

13. the body

oj I:t/II oj

rn
<
tzi>

14. a real thing

rn
riA,

15. Kanji

to)

fJ\A,

-r
l:
fJ'

16. horsepower

rn
rJ~

17. a pony

rn ?*

18. fireworks

rn
lif.t.

19. a vase

DU'1v

CJ

lesson 7

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?) (Kanji Zoo)

< )l*O)lb~liJ
with the pictures.

t: ?"&;'?~A.

>

The following Kanji are the name of the animals below. Match the Kanji

h ~

9.
~

~

10.

~

Lesson 8

1----;
t

)l!:F0) '1 tt. L., (Lectures on Kanji)

ffjg~O))l!:F

It~'J:?

L

- 1 - (Kanji for Adjectives - 1 - )
Japanese '-i' ending adjectives can be

Look at the following adjectives.

divided into three groups according to the types of the Hiragana endings. 1. Kanji

+

It'

1:5 .J.o
~
0'(

v' v'

~ I:t IJ\ ~

v' v' v'

~P uz, h t:IJ'

v' v' v'

__.__

t:.IJ'

~

v'
It,

~"t

(;

t-is,.

~

s,·t

m

.1
lJ'o

* v'
V'~

]l[ v'
'? IJ'

~ ~

.!IIi ~~,
b-o

c.t-i

!f. v'
l:t~

etc.

2. Kanji

+ L. It \

~t:.;

*'fLv'

~Lv'
t:.(J)

iE Lv'
t:.~

~ t.v?-:>(

tt t.vl '-E-IJ\

etc.

3. Kanj i + others

:

*~v)
t-is,.

IJ\ ~ v) a~ ~v) 1f'~Vl
'?l \
~IJ'

"t(

etc.

The Hiragana endings change as follows. Present Present Affirmative Negative : (old)

~It'

*- ~ ", (big)

:~

< ~'"

Past Affirmative Past Negative

: ~1.P -o t:

Lesson 8 Remember when the following Hiragana endings are used with nouns, verbs or the other adjectives. Adjective

+ Noun:

ti"I"l*
an old book
;

~ LI"lltL
a new car

::k~I"l*
a big letter

"i5<7j:p*
ti"iP"? t.:* ti" < 7j:iP"? t.:*
Adjective

ffiL<7j:pltL ~ LiP"? t.:ltL

::k~ < 7j:I"l* ::k~ I)""? t: *

fff L < 7j:iP"? t.:ltL ::k ~ < 7j:IP"? t.:* Wi" L < tJ~I"li T
newly buy

+ Verb: + Adj. :

ti"<7j:tJiT
become old

::k ~ < tJ~~ i T
wri te in a big character

Adjective

ti" < "ell: I"l
old and cheap

ffrL<""(~np~
new and pretty

::k~ < -c ajj J., I"\
big and bright

[nil. (_, oj] ~

Put the proper Hiragana endings to the following Kanji.

*

Lesson 8

new
(13)

,

~(cbt.:

G) Lv- new ~lf[ (LA., . L ~) a new car

a newspaper ~1f ( LA.,· b. A.,) a new year

*jfPfJ (LA., . ~A.,)

(5)

il(~~) v~ old Ji:lillf[ (i? I9l -) • .: 78

L ~)

il*(~~ a second-hand car

. t;iA.,)

a used book

R

F__.

long eldest, chief

(8)

~ (~ilf) v~ long ~mt (~ilf . 0)) Nagano Prefecture

-R~ (i? J: ~-R (iii <

-) • ~

.

A.,) the eldest son i? J: -)) a president

Lesson

8

short
(12)
}

m~ra'(t.: Iv • t. . t?~Iv)
80

m(J.;..t.t?~)It~

short

~II*(t.:Iv·

t~p)

ajuniorcollege

a short time

>t:J

101
,
~

high expensive
~

t: t?~-It ~

::It]

,

...\-

f"'1

-a-

,-t:i n
...\-

(10)

-G" TIl

rffl r6]
t:l

...\-

..)...

~ (t.: t?~)It ~ high, expensive ~;f'l (t.: t?~• Ii l) Japanese name 81 ~

~tx:(.::.7 ~j!

• .::. -7 ) (.::.-7 • J(- < )

a high school high-speed

~

, ,,

safe cheap

(6 )

$:(-?i")It\ cheap $:/L' (a; Iv . llv) i" ~

to be relieved

$:% (-'\-'i" . -7) ~ bargain sale $:~ (2b/: . -tf Iv) Ij safe

821~

low

71

(7 )

) 1 1/ 1C 1f
ffl: (U' < ) It\ low ffl:ili! (--r It \ • j:) Iv)

{~1 ~
ffl:T
(--r It\ . t?~)i" ~

to fall, to go down

a low temperature

Lesson

8

83

8i
)

i~*
dark

It) J;.

<A.,J_J;.

*/3~

(ip

< -t -))
(l3)

<

G-p

7/

n A 8 8'
BfH< G)v) dark Bi (cit) Iv . L -:J )

B~ at""

at

BtL B!z.. BtL I n

Bf arz.
8

*

a dark room i:3iS-\t)

84
~ /

many much

-7 (6 )

/}

9

~

~

y
tp.:y (t::_

tp. (i:3i:3) t_,) many, much tp.tt (t::_ • -t -) ) a large number
85

L

J: -))

more or less

}J "' :;
J

few little

-t<-;oj:It)

~3'7
(4 )

-t'::'-L

JJ

)J'

Jy'
little a boy

:J-' (-t < ) ;oj: It ) few, :J-'iF ( L J: -) • tJ. Iv)

9-'(-t.::.) L 9-':9; ( L J: -)

a little,

t

J: )

a few a girl

Lesson 8

2 - 2. J::hnA ~ ~?

(Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

13. ~ffi:

IT.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

3. a;O)A';;t':'O)~JI*O)~ffi:-C'To

That man is the president college.

of this junior

That boy has long arms and legs.

5. *';;t~It'

C:.:. 0]j~t?f5:It' C:.:.

0""tj]j{n~o

Water

flows from the higher

place to

the lower place.

a primary school, a junior high school, a senior high school and a university

Lesson 8

2 - 3.
I.

jJ') ~

:h A

L,

liP?

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji.
2. an old car, a second-hand

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate
1. a new year

car

s.t: C:J
3. a president

cl

llv

blv

bG
4. long

<Gi

1)1Ql7

'-

~

l~

[IJO)CD
t:.:t'
"IJ{<
i.I;

of the university

DV)
tt."IJ{

5. short

DV)
/j..

<

1)J:7

t5"IJ'

6. a lot of people

7. a few people

8. a dark forest

9. expensive meat

10. cheap fish

11. to go down

II. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. a boy 2. a girl

Kanji. 3. (I) have a little money.

CD

IT]

Lesson 8
4. a high mountain 5. a cheap thing 6. a used book

7. a short string

8. for a long time

9. new tea

IT]
10. ancient writing 11. a long sentence 12. a short sentence

IT]
13. the eldest son 14. the eldest daughter

IT]
15. safe

16. a junior college

17. a high school

Lesson 8

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

jl!:f!T-A
How to play (A) : "-jp ~ t:"

(1)

<ff~~~iiJ>

Itt'~ -j L

One person reads the letter cards. The others look for the matching picture cards scattered finds the appropriate How to play (B) : "LJdtlt)TIt) on the table. When a player card, he gets to keep it. The one who

collects the most cards is the winner.

t~ <" (Concentration)

Put all the cards face down up on the table. Each person turns over two cards at a time in turn. If those cards match, he can keep the pair. The one who collects the most cards is the
winner.

/
~
/ (jI -Ic.,'~ \

I

fl000

b

It6S"OO

b

Lesson

8

/~

/

I

\

....

I I
I

I~

L
~

116v
I
~

,
\

)

sA
L

.J__}"/c:f
l)

.Q

n:n ~I
~ ~

i:l

)

)

Lesson 9

1.2=':1 "
c---j L

ll--l---)l*0)'1t:t.G

(Lectures on Kanji)

th~ii]O))l*- 1 etc. in sentences.

(Kanji for Verbs - 1 - )

Each Kanji has its own meaning. It can function as a noun, adjective, verb What do you think is the function of the following kanji?

ifkJ iJtJ

and

i*J

are nouns.

i~ J

functions

as an adjective

and

(to buy) as a verb.

However, Kanji can not be used alone as an adjecendings always follow and they are called

tive or a verb. 'OKURIGANA

Some Hiragana

(inflectional endings)'. new
to buy

Using the above four Kanji, let's make some sentences. I bought a new book. My book is not new. Please buy me a book.

Lesson 9

Japanese verbs can be divided into 3 groups according to their way of conjugation.
1st Group: a verb stem ends with a consonant

iT <

~5T =--±v pn {tv

1ifI< :;:<

;w~

[ik-u] [kik-u] [kak-u] [hanas-u] [yom-u] [yasum-u]
[kaer-u]

Jt-?

[ka (wl-u]

lifI~iT :;:~iT ~5LiT ~JCJ? i T {tJ?iT ;w~ iT JtIt\iT

iT~ iT

[ik-imasu] [kik-imasu] [kak-imasu] [hanas-imasu] [yom-imasu] [yasum-imasu] [kaer-imasu] [ka (wi-imasu]

to to to to to to to to

go hear write speak read rest go back buy

2nd Group: a verb stem ends with a vowel

~x_~

it-"<~

~,"b

[tabe-ru] [oshie-ru] [mi-ru] verb

it-"<iT ~x_iT ~iT

[tabe-masu] [oshie-masu] [mi-masu]

to eat to teach to see

3rd Group: an irregular

*,"b T,"b

[ku-ru] [su-ru]

*iT LiT

[ki-rnasu]

to come to do

[shi-masu]

17 -1 ;1.: 1 Classify the following Kanji into nouns, adjectives and verbs.

*
*

B

Lesson

9

2 - 1 • 5l*0) 11') ~ 11') t~ (Kanji Writings)
'~-=f=fv) cl7go, conduct line

<1vJ:h
v)-

:t/3~

(1,P<T-7)
(6 )

86

1T
/

/-

<

::Iry

;B':'~--7

.:¥' 3 ry

/

/

1 -1

/

/-

1- 1T
1T(;B-::'~) -7 to carry out -1T (~" J: -7) - lines

/-

/-

1T(V))< 1*1T (IJ
87

to go
J: • -::. -7) T

,Q to travel

!,
I)'
\

--\/

come next

< -,Q/ ':'-~v) ~ -iT / ~-t.:

71

(7 )

.0-

f

**
b.1v) next year * B (; v) . ,: -t?) T,Q to visit Japan *$(;v)'
-jp,Z

*«),Q to come *JJ (;v)' ~f-::) next month
88
return go (come) back

-,Q

-t(10)

\)

\J'

\} :=f

II;;

'J,3

\}f; \)3 \) =a If" ·m

1~

1m (;0\ ,Z) ,Q to go/come back 1ffi'OO (~ • .: < ) T ~ to return to one's country

Lesson 9

il*
89 ~

v \ J..;.
eat
~ ~ -t

<1vJ:J..;.

:t/3~

(n~

< -t -))
(9 )

&.

t: -.r.("6

~37

I

/'-

4i- 1'-

1"-

~

~

it (t:.) .r.( "6 to eat it$ (L J: < . t) a meal
90

it (t:.) .r.(!jo/J ( ~
(Yit(vp-)

(f))

. LJ:

<)

food a dinner

~k
J

drink
;::,l:::-

(f)-v

1/

r-

1

t 1"

!f

~)

j.l7

1r jk
J..;.!jo/J ( ~
(f)

(12)

~((f)v ~rj!!j(v\Iv' 91

to drink
L~)

~ ((f))

a beverage

drinking
J..;.-'6 J..;.- .:Z "6 / J..;.- -tt "6
~

Jt
1

see, look View

7/ (7 )

n

A F\ €I

Jl
:f:~(v\ . ~tlv) an opinion ~!jo/J (~t . ~"J) -t '6 to do sightseeing Iv

~(J..;.)'6 to look at, to see ~ (J..;.)-tt "6 to show

..

92

rlt' ,

hear

~-<

rrr

F' f1

r-r=, rl r-, p,-, r·l~ &1 M
1*J(~)'::'.:Z"6

~-.::..:Z'6

r,

7-/ (14)

fjfj(~)<
~I*J (Liv

to hear, to listen to . ~Iv) a newspaper

can be heard

Lesson

9

il~
93

v) J.;_
read
~ ~

<1vJ:_J.;_ J:_-tr

;f/3~

(i,P<T~)

~}
,

6'iC

~"7
(14)

~

-

..)..

1

-

~

n

~

6

>- ~-t- ~:!: ~~ -I

5

-

il

0

tJ

~:l::' ~:!: ~:l:: -.....,.
t1

of' o~

~JC( J:_) tr to read ~JCIt (C:' < . L J:) reading books
94

~JC(J:_ ) J.;_ reading ~JCff ( C:' < . L -? ) a reader

1t 8

wri te book, document

1J~-

<
(10)

It (1J~) < to write 1fj1f! ( L J: . C:' ~ ) calligraphy
95

.Ji5(LJ:

. ",(Iv)

a book shop

tt ,

talk
~ ~

I±~-T '±~L

ry

.>

- -,
>

~

n

>

-00

>/

>/

... ~.f- ~~ 01 tl tl

--

(13)

g1; ~t

~iS(I± ~) T to speak ~~iS(1J~v) . b) conversation
96

~iS(I±~ L) a story, a talk ~~iS (--c' /: • :b) a telephone

W /,

buy

nrnnT1OXJtIOwww~ww
I
shopping

(12)

/

/'

ffit (1J~) ~ to buy ffit!fo/.J (1J~v) • ~ 17))

Lesson 9

il*
97
~~

It\ J;. educate, teach religion

<A..J:h-

:t/3~

(j'j)< -t-))

i)L-x.~

;f-3'7 (11)

-

-""

;i::

1-

*

~

~

f) f~~Jt~
ftW(~J:-) ·It\<)-t~ ft~ (~ J: -) . L"':))

ft (i) L) x..Q to teach ft ~ (~ J: -) . j'j) It\) a church

to educate a classroom

2 - 2.

~Jj.tt~

G~ ?

( Reading

Exercises)

I.

Wri te the reading of the following Kanj i in Hiragana.

1. ~i5-t

2. Iifj <

3. i!f <

4. ~Jr.tJ

5. J!~

6.

iT <

7.

*~

8. 1w.Q

9. ~ -)

10. iktJ

11. it~.Q

12. ftx. ~

IT.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

Lesson 9

6. fl";;I:~%. C jj1(1ij'j'H ~ -C'T 0 Tv t:' ,;;I: b i ~ i -tt A-o c J! I)Jc

2 - 3.

w= ~ ttA

L.,

~?

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji. 3. to come
4. to eat 5. to drink

I . Fill in the blanks with an appropriate
1. to go

2. to go back

0<
~,

O~ O~ O«~ Ov
1J' j,_

<

t:

(J)

6. to see

7. to hear

8. to speak

9. to read

10. to write

O~
h

0<
~

OT Ov 0
Ii/j:

<

J:

1J'

Lesson 9

11. to do sightseeing

12. reading books

rn
Kanji.

13. a newspaper

rn

IT. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate
1. food 2. a drink

3. reading matter

4. shopping

t: 5. a trip

(J)

t.H'

t(J)

6. a bank

7. the 3rd line

8. to go back to one's country

DOOT~
9. next week
10. next month

rn

11. next year

12. a telephone

IT]
15. a supper
16. a restaurant

13. a breakfast

14. a lunch

17. to visit for study

18. cherry blossom viewing

rn

19. education

20. to buy flowers

21. to drink Japanese

tea

Lesson 9

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

jl*T-A

(2)

<1JJ~iiJ>
and (B):"L,Iv'tPTPt;~

C"')

L

See p. 75 to play (A): "lPGt::"

<.".

Lesson 9

I

<

Lesson 10

ImYoil
1.:1.= ':; "
111-- ----)l*0)~!
( Kanji for Time) (Lectures on Kanji)

"0'" -"I \

,,

(1~)

12:00 j:£~

Meal:

~JHar_,~)

':_"I;tlv

= ~~]t(i? J: -) . L J: <)

breakfast

:Y(~-))'::";tlv

= =

:Y]t(~-).

LJ: <) '::',;t Iv snack

supper

lit (i;f' Iv)

;&]t (-\=, • L J: <)

midnight

Lesson 10

2 - 1. jl*(7)\f ~ 15 (Kanji Writings)

98

*~ ~
-1

i~+

It) J7..

</vt.J7.. a;~

:t/32.

(7;'

<T

-) )

morning

73'/
(12)

+ t ;i;

~

ii

a -

~

~J

~n~flWi
~AB(a;~·'(}) the morning sun

%Jj(a;~) morning %Jjit (-l? J: -) • L J:

<)

breakfast

99

-

noon daytime ?

r r.

.'"

,(}1.:>

7:1.'/ (9 )
~

!~ J}. J}..

{i- (,(}:6)

noon, midday {i-it (-l? ~ -) • L J: <) lunch night

{i-;J4( t» 1.:> • tl) a nap, a siesta {i-1* ( ,(}:6 • ~ T) J7.. a lunch break

100 J.-

1~ ,
11t(t.:6)

>-

r: r f 11 17 1t
night
• ~)

t.1.:> t.

-v
(8 )

A,11t ( ::. A.,

~it(~·
tonight

LJ:<)

a midnight

meal

Lesson 10

?~*
101

It \ J.;.

<1vJ:J.;.

:t/'3~
}'{

(,j~< T~)

BJt
I

night

/'

(12)

n

A

8

a'

a-7 at'

s{Z, B~

sa,

sJ' at
4"1l$E('::'Iv·I;fIv)

Il$E (I;flv) night 85M~~ (I;flv . :::: . Ii Iv)
102

tonight

supper, dinner

9
/

evening (3)

75'
Y'1t(~ ~ . L J: <)
supper, dinner Star Festival
1Pt.:./ -1/~t.:. (4 )

5' (~ ~ ) « evening, last night

* --tY' (t.:. tj . ,~rt.:.)
direction way, means

103

/j

104

-¥J

how to 5'11 (~~ . ,j{t.:.) evening
-11 Upt.:.)

-1*11 (~i 111!(t:l ~ .

. ,j~t.:.) c/o Mr. ,~~) a method

noon

(4 )

!.:piW (.::.~ • -t!Iv) morning, a.m. lE!.:p ( L J: ~ • .::.~) high noon

!.:pf&

c: . .::.~) afternoon,

p.m.

Lesson

10

i~*
105 .).L.

v \ J-;.
before, front previous

<1v;t.J;.

:t/3~

(n~< T -))

~ 'J
,

iiZ.
~ ~ ~

-e/
(9 )

'/

.u:

~

,

.!..l- ~

I]

11

ij

11\ ij'l

lW(iiZ.) before, front -iFlW (tllv . i iZ.) - years before 106

lW-=¥--If Iv . Li Iv ) (

the first half

1i
/

after, later back, behind

~l:/O)-G
-)l-6
/~

:::f

:J?

(9 )

/

1

/

~(

1 1 if 1~ ~i
/~

f~(~l:) after, later -iFf~ (tllv . :.:') - years after 107
every J-

f~(-) l)6 behind, back f~-=¥-(.:: -) . 1± Iv) the last half

~

,

71
(6)

t

4 OJ

~

4ij: B (i V\'~:-G) every day 4ij:}3 (i v\ • ~f-:::>/i v\ • -:::>~)

4ij::i)!l ( i v \ • L ~ -) )

every week

every month
~.2.? (11)

108

it!! n
)

week

F\ fl

~

m

JWl

Jil ~1fl ~fi1~

*~(G v\ • L ~ -))) L ~ -) ;t;~ (
-tt Iv •

next week last week

~*(L ~ -) . i -:::»
-~rEl'(v\
-? •

the weekend . n~lv) a week L ~ -)

Lesson 10

109

al
at
lkllfl8

il*

v'hluminary day of the week

<Iv.%..h-

*/3~ 37

(iO~

< T -))
(18)

1

n

A

B B1 84 B~
.%.. -) .%.. -) • •

as!1

~51 B~4B~~BJ 81 Brr Br- 8ft 8ff BJ
~~
~;}

A iii 8 o-y-::::> •
(Tv' .

[J')

en

Monday Wednesday

*Ili *Ili

8 (iO~ • 8 (b <

.%.. -)

.

[J')

.%.. -)

Tuesday [J') Thursday

2 - 2.
I.

~h

nit, L, ~ ? ( Reading

Exercises)

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.

¥~
fjllfl

2.

{J

3. IIi

4.;&

5. 51]

6. l:fWI

7. l:f1&

8.

9. *1Ifl

10. lkllfl

11.

*1Ii

12. ~1Ifl

13. ±1Ifl

14. 811fl

15. 4r¥8

16. WI

17. 1&0

II.

Write the reading of the following Kanji -in Hiragana.

AR

In,

7f':n ,

w_R

Lesson 10

2 - 3. iI~ nA, L ~ oj (Writing Exercises)
I. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate
1. mormng

Kanji.
3. night 4. evemng

2. daytime

D
ib~ 5. every week

D
OQ
6. a.m.

D==D
1;l:'A, ~Q

CD
~-)

iJ~t:.

7. p.m.

8. Sunday

IT]
j;p

IT]
-,'

IT]
-, -,

L,~7

-tfA,

,: "S

~-)

rJ'

II. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate
1. breakfast 2. lunch

Kanji. 3. supper
4. a midnight meal

IT]

IT]

IT]

IT]

Lesson 10

5. midnight

6. last week

7. next week

8. every week

IT]
J:
t;;.IP

IT]
-tt Iv

IT]
GP L
I9J -)

IT]
ip l,,19J-)

t. I9J

-)

9. two weeks

10. every day

11. every month

12. every year

IT]
I: l,,19J-) 1J'iv ip I:tJ

IT]
i p-') ~

IT]
ipe:l,,/b.1v

/'1-')

13. every morning

14. every night

15. before

16. after

IT]
i l'
~~

IT]
i l' l:fA., 18. the first half

D
ix. 19. the last half

D ~c
ItA.,

17. behind

D
?L

6

IT]
{fA.,
ItA.,

IT]
:.?
22. how to hear

20. how to read

D~D D~D D~D
24. how to eat 25. how to see, a viewpoint

21. how to write

23. how to speak

IT]

Lesson 10

11111111111111111111111111111111

~s'<
Review
(N'JI_,) L, Nouns)

L, liP

?

11111111111111111111111111111111

L. 6-10

I.

.t.~
it:
1:.~:

§

~:
f" 0)1m :

~m n
+m
"

4 .~ ,¥.b ¥)j 1& 8jB

Jf

-¥ JE 1*
{8
~,\"
~

15<.
~
_lL..

--L....

* 1J

1~

---H-

tt

§Ij

1&
--L....

*

_4L

)f"

X

ll.

ff~~~

Utv) J:

-J

L, Adjectives)

*Jf t!J ffi:
m.
11J~ (c: -J
L, Verbs)

~JI Bir

II=iJ

r::::t

1t\: 17: J! 515
'lJ Jl!:Y.

~

IJ' '_Y

iT
itt
s

/.~

~X
If 4fJ
~ i 1"""1.1"0

*
--+

1m it tix

ffi!

t::J:I:l

.::.± ~

pJC

w.

-r O)'f&
e.g. ~

(f" 0) t::., Others)

Bi

Make sentences using the following Kanj i.

11- fPI
~ ~

fPI~':*~""'1T

1.

ht /'f,
___._

~Jj
~
o:c

2.

n=rJ

<=I

3. l&
4. *JT

it
=--±

{E
J ~ \'

pJL

jJfJ

5.

1*

~

*

Lesson 10

[ff~~ ~iiJ0) )l!:FJ
I. Fill in the blanks as in the following example.
e.g.
1.

ffi:

\.t\

tjiJf-\.t\

)

-.
-. -. -.

j; 0) A L;!:JEiJfffi:\.t\ 0

*IJ~
~

2.
3. 4.

E
13jj
~ ~ j,'
fEJ
<=>

) ) ) ) ( ) ) ( ( ) ) )

-. -. -. -.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

-.
-.

ig;

-. -. -.

II.
12.

77:

m

ll.

Write the 'ON' reading of the following Kanji and make a word. e.g.

ffi:

(i?J:-?) ) ( ( ) ) )

-.

~ffi:
5. 6. 7.
8.

I. 77:
2. 3. 4.
~ ~
fEJ
<=>

*j,'

)

m
E

Lesson 10

III.

Give an adjective of the opposite meaning. e.g. Y:: 1. if 2.
3.
r+--

-araJ

4. 5.

*
f1)3

*
~

6. itS:

[111 ~iijO))l*]
1.
Fill in the blanks with appropriate e.g. 1* cl7- i T 1.
""" ffiI.

Hiragana.

( -?T-cl7- iT)
)

6. 1m

( ) ) ( ( ) )

2. 3. 4.

~

( ( ( (

) ) ) )

7.
8.
9. 10.

"-±

pJl:

*
~

fit
1: T

5. 1T

n.

Complete sentences using the following Kanji as in the example.

T

*
e.g.
~ ~ )1,; ~

ikcl7- i T

0

1.

TV~'~

0

5.
6.

Jt*~

0

2. if~~ 3. 4.

0

8*8ft~

0

7.
8.

*~-r: *~~
~,~

0

0

*~/'-....

0

0

Lesson 11

I~lliI
1.2= 'Y
~ l-1Qo

~

1 11-------5l*0)~5 (Lectures
(the radicals -1 -)

on Kanji)

$~ -1 -

Most Kanji are formed by more than two components. the ways the components
1) r..../v (left)
2) --:::>

The followings

are

are formed.
4) eft;

< ~) (right)

L. (the bottom)

1
;»)

.~Il

t~h(the upper left)

()) ;6:.'i

Ii
rCD 1 arc
where

na
express
J~ •

*- (the

enclosure)

7) t-=

J:

'5 (lower left)

the components

the meaning of the Kanji. The Kanj i made from

We call these components pictures (or their simplified

"Bushu (the radicals)".

forms) can be the radicals.

human beings:

A (f ) •

tx . ~ . § . l} . 1=1
J~ •

@ animals

and plants: : ~ . jj . *ffi .

L:j=: •

(J) nature
(;!)

. 71<. ( 1) . ~ . ± . ::q

m . ffi:!

* .'It . *...
(

•~

( t ) . JE .. ,

life and tool:

F~ .

*.

. iu . )11 • ffi···
) are simplified forms

Jl[ .

it (~) ...

There

are many radicals

which can not be used as Kanji by themselves. groups the following belong.

I tLA.

L. ~

11 Guess
1) 3)

to which of the seven radical

~·OO·~·~·~·~·~·~·~·R·M·~·~·~·OO
or 2) or 4)

~f
1t

6) 7)

5)

Lesson 11

1) ~f.v ( left)

(1* fPI f'F 1*
(1T

f~)

1~ 1~)
with the meaning components located on the left the

The largest

Kanji

group

IS

of the seven groups.

1 = A = man

1=
/_

step

~ ..=
I

*

= water :

Guess the meaning of the common components
)

below.

2)

"':)

< ~) ( right)
I!J!:i!;~
The components right. which carry the meanings can be located on the

I

*Jf
!j!)j

fT
)j

ax
~ ~

moon

fix

X

~==

hit

Lesson l l

2 - 1 . 5l*0)i! ~ 15 ( Kanji Writings)

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110

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make produce

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1 l' 1}-- 1t 11= K~
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111

.

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a piece

of work

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composition action

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....

swim

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<-

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(8)

~ff

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711< (H J..) 71<711< (-tv\

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to swim . .zlt\) swirnrmng

112

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oi I

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(8)
.... " I

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~n5th ~FR~rn
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petroleum

I
.z) an oil painting

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oil . ~)

Lesson 11

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113

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v ll1sea

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711

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114

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the sea, the ocean ~L$:YiU: . '1 A., • n>v)) the Japan Sea rice wine liquor , ,_ ,_ , ... ...
I .

ifii7~(n' v l

oversea ifiJ:7k(n>v) . 1"\,\) sea water

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(10)

~~

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S *¥~
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¥~(~~t)

liquor a liq uo r shop

'1 k . L. 19»

(~il~ .~)

r*¥~ (J:')

.

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Japanese wine foreign liq uors

wait hospi tali ty

(9)

1~ -:> to wait fB1~(L..t -) . t..:v)1"J.>

en

1~1t~ (i t .~ v) to invite

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a waiting room

116;f~

school

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(10)

5) a school rWJ~1: (.:. ~ . .:. ~ . -e v \) a high school student

t:_)..t-)) a school principal

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