P. 1
Under Investigation Alumni Report

Under Investigation Alumni Report

|Views: 2,347|Likes:
Published by CREW
*Updated 4/22/15* - This report details the members of Congress who have been under investigation by the Department of Justice (DOJ), the House Committee on Ethics (House Ethics Committee), the Senate Select Committee on Ethics (Senate Ethics Committee), the Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE) and other state agencies in the past. CREW compiled information about these investigations using official information provided by the investigative bodies, as well as media reports.
*Updated 4/22/15* - This report details the members of Congress who have been under investigation by the Department of Justice (DOJ), the House Committee on Ethics (House Ethics Committee), the Senate Select Committee on Ethics (Senate Ethics Committee), the Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE) and other state agencies in the past. CREW compiled information about these investigations using official information provided by the investigative bodies, as well as media reports.

More info:

Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: CREW on Mar 30, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
This book can be read on up to 6 mobile devices.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/23/2015

pdf

text

original

Closed Investigations

This list includes members of Congress who have been under investigation by the Department of
Justice (DOJ), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the House Ethics Committee, the
Senate Select Committee on Ethics (Senate Ethics Committee), the Office of Congressional
Ethics (OCE) and in some cases, the Federal Election Commission (FEC). CREW compiled
information about these investigations using official information provided by the investigative
bodies, as well as media reports.
Representative Robert Aderholt (R-AL)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
1

Under Investigation for: Rep. Aderholt was under investigation for allegedly improperly
retaining excess per diem funds while on official travel.
2
The stipend is meant to cover meals
and travel expenses, and members are directed to return excess funds.
3
In August 2010, Rep.
Aderholt told the Wall Street Journal he didn't know if he had kept extra money because he
never keeps receipts of his spending while overseas.
4

Status: The OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee on July 30, 2010,
recommending further review.
5
On November 15, 2010, the Democratic chairwoman and the
Republican ranking member of the House Ethics Committee extended the investigation into Rep.
Aderholt.
6
On December 31, 2010, the committee dropped the per diem investigation.
7

Representative Rob Andrews (D-NJ)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee, the OCE, and the FEC.
8


Under Investigation for: Rep. Andrews was under investigation for using his campaign
account for personal expenses.
9
In June 2011, Rep. Andrews and his family flew to Scotland to
attend a donor’s wedding, and charged his campaign account $13,000 for expenses associated

1
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
2
Id.
3
Letter from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Rep. Ike Skelton, May 13, 2010.
4
Brody Mullins and T.W. Farnam, Lawmakers Keep the Change, Wall Street Journal, March 2, 2010.
5
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
6
Id.
7
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, December 31, 2010.
8
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Robert Andrews, July 17, 2012; Letter from FEC Supervisory
Attorney Jeff Jordan to CREW Executive Director Melanie Sloan, December 6, 2011.
9
Ed O’Keefe, Rep. Rob Andrews Faces Ethics Inquiry, Washington Post, July 18, 2012.
with the trip.
10
Also in June 2011, Rep. Andrews’ campaign committee spent $10,000 on a party
at his home celebrating his daughter’s graduation from college and his congressional career.
11
In
addition, Rep. Andrews’ campaign committee has donated tens of thousands of dollars to
Philadelphia area theatres where his daughter, an aspiring actress and singer, performed, and
spent thousands more on trips to California that coincided with her recording sessions.
12


Status: On November 30, 2011, CREW filed a complaint with the FEC against Rep. Andrews.
13

The current status of the FEC investigation is pending. On April 2, 2012, the OCE referred its
investigation of Rep. Andrews to the House Ethics Committee.
14
On August 31, 2012, the
committee said it would continue its preliminary investigation of Rep. Andrews and released the
OCE’s report on the matter.
15
The OCE found there was substantial reason to believe Rep.
Andrews improperly used congressional campaign and leadership PAC funds for personal use.
16

On February 26, 2013, the House Ethics Committee unanimously voted to establish an
Investigative Subcommittee to look into the allegations that Rep. Andrews improperly used
funds from his principal campaign committee and leadership PAC for personal purposes, used
official resources for nonofficial and personal purposes, and made false statements to federal
officials.
17
On February 4, 2014, Rep. Andrews announced that he was resigning from Congress
to take a job in government affairs at a Philadelphia law firm.
18


Representative Michele Bachmann (R-MN)

Under Investigation by: The Urbandale (IA) Police Department, the FEC, the OCE, the House
Ethics Committee, and the FBI.
19


Under Investigation for: Rep. Bachmann was under investigation for actions related to her
2012 presidential bid.
20
Rep. Bachmann’s presidential campaign sent two email blasts to
thousands of home school advocates after a staffer allegedly stole the list from the Network of

10
Matt Friedman, South Jersey Congressman Spent $9,000 from Campaign Funds on Donor’s Wedding, Star-
Ledger (New Jersey), November 19, 2011; Andrews for Congress, FEC Form 3, 2011 July Quarterly Report, July
14, 2011; Andrews for Congress, FEC Form 3, 2011 Year-End Report, Amended, April 13, 2012.
11
Friedman, Star-Ledger (New Jersey), Nov. 19, 2011.
12
Id.
13
Letter from Jeff Jordan to Melanie Sloan, Dec. 6, 2011.
14
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, July 17, 2012.
15
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Robert Andrews, August 31, 2012.
16
Office of Congressional Ethics, 112th Congress, Report, Review No. 11-3260, March 23, 2012.
17
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Robert Andrews, March 19, 2013.
18
Matt Friedman, U.S. Rep. Rob Andrews Says Investigation Played ‘No Role’ in Resignation, Star-Ledger (New
Jersey), February 4, 2014.
19
Press Release, Peter E. Waldron, Michele Bachmann Refuses to Pay Iowa Presidential Staffers After 375 Days,
January 10, 2013; Ex-Bachmann Aide Alleges Improper Payments in Iowa, Associated Press, January 18, 2013;
John Avlon, Exclusive: Congressional Ethics Probe Adds to Michele Bachmann’s Political Woes, The Daily Beast,
March 25, 2013; Cyndy Brucato, FBI Joins Probe of Bachmann’s Presidential Campaign, MinnPost, May 17, 2013.
20
Id.
Iowa Christian Home Educators.
21
The Urbandale Police Department is investigating the
campaign’s illegal use of an email distribution list.
22
The FEC is investigating Rep. Bachmann
for concealing campaign payments to a staffer and for using PAC funds to pay a consultant.
23

Rep. Bachmann’s campaign counsel, William McGinley of Patton Boggs, confirmed the OCE
was investigating the congresswoman’s 2012 presidential campaign.
24
Investigators for the OCE
apparently questioned former campaign staffers about alleged improper transfers of funds and
under-the-table payments.
25
OCE investigators are also looking into how Rep. Bachmann’s
campaign accounted for resources and staff time in connection with Rep. Bachmann’s 2011 book
tour promoting her personal memoir, which coincided with her presidential campaign.
26
The
attorney for Andy Parrish, Rep. Bachmann’s former chief of staff, confirmed that the FBI
contacted his client in May 2013 for an interview related to the investigation.
27
The FBI is said to
be interested in campaign finance violations by the Bachmann campaign and the campaign’s
demand that former employees seeking compensation sign non-disclosure agreements before
being paid.
28
The Department of Justice is also investigating whether the Bachmann campaign
coordinated strategy with a super PAC, NFC PAC.
29


Status: On January 15, 2012, a former Bachmann campaign official filed a complaint against her
with the FEC regarding the payments from her presidential campaign committee and her PAC.
30

The status of police department investigation is unknown. On March 25, 2013, The Daily Beast
reported the probe of Rep. Bachmann is “in its final, 45-day period before OCE makes its
determination about whether to recommend the Ethics Committee pursue the investigation.”
31

On June 13, 2013, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Bachmann to the House Ethics
Committee.
32
On July 26, 2013 the chairman and ranking member decided to extend the
committee’s inquiry into Rep. Bachmann’s conduct.
33
On September 11, 2013, the committee
said it would continue its review of the matters involving Rep. Bachmann and released the
OCE’s report on the matters.
34
The OCE found substantial reason to believe Rep. Bachmann
violated federal campaign finance laws and House rules by using her PAC to support her
presidential campaign, using campaign resources to promote her book, and improperly accepting

21
Jason Noble, Michele Bachmann Misappropriated Home-School Group’s E-mail List, Des Moines Register,
December 1, 2011; Kevin Hall, Former Staffer Sues Bachmann, Sorenson Over NICHE List Misuse, The Iowa
Republican, July 31, 2012.
22
Id.
23
Press Release, Peter E. Waldron, Michele Bachmann Refuses to Pay Iowa Presidential Staffers After 375 Days,
January 10, 2013; Kevin Diaz, Ex-Bachmann Aide Alleges Campaign Violations, Minneapolis Star Tribune,
January 15, 2013; Associated Press, Jan. 18, 2013.
24
Avlon, The Daily Beast, March 25, 2012.
25
Id.
26
Kevin Diaz, Michele Bachmann Book Tour Faces New Questions, Minneapolis Star Tribune, April 17, 2013.
27
Brucato, MinnPost, May 17, 2013.
28
Kevin Diaz, Bachmann Campaign Allegations Attract Attention of FBI, Star Tribune, May 19, 2013; Cyndy
Brucato, FBI Joins Probe of Bachmann’s Presidential Campaign, MinnPost, May 17, 2013.
29
Trip Gabriel, New Inquiry for Bachmann on Her Presidential Race, New York Times, September 5, 2013.
30
Diaz, Minneapolis Star Tribune, January 15, 2013.
31
Avlon, The Daily Beast, March 25, 2012.
32
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Michele Bachmann, July 26, 2013.
33
Id.
34
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Michele Bachmann, September 11, 2013.
an in-king contribution from the book’s publisher.
35
The OCE also recommended the House
Ethics Committee dismiss the allegation that Rep. Bachmann failed to accurately disclose
payments to an Iowa state senator, instead voting to refer the matter to the FEC.
36
On August 27,
2013, the Department of Justice subpoenaed NFC PAC requesting all financial transactions and
communications involving the Bachmann campaign, Rep. Bachmann’s leadership PAC, Rep.
Bachmann’s husband, a wealthy donor, and several Bachmann staffers.
37
The subpoena also
requested any communications records involving Rep. Bachmann.
38
Rep. Bachmann did not run
for re-election in 2014.
39


Representative Spencer Bachus (R-AL)
Under Investigation by: The OCE.
40

Under Investigation for: Rep. Bachus, the chairman of the House Financial Services
Committee, was under investigation for possibly violating insider trading laws and laws that
prohibit members of Congress using their position for private gain.
41

Status: On February 10, 2012, the Washington Post reported the OCE had opened an
investigation into Rep. Bachus finding probable cause to believe violations occurred.
42
On April
27, 2012, the OCE’s board voted to recommend that the House Ethics Committee dismiss the
case.
43

Representative Joe Barton (R-TX)
Under Investigation by: The OCE.
44

Under Investigation for: The OCE investigated Rep. Barton because of donations made to his
foundation, the Joe Barton Family Foundation.
45
Rep. Barton is a member of the Energy and
Commerce Committee, and corporations with business before the committee made donations to
Rep. Barton’s foundation or to third parties in the name of the foundation.
46


35
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report, Review No.13-1274, May 31, 2013.
36
Id.
37
Subpoena to Testify Before a Grand Jury to National Fiscal Conservative PAC, August 27, 2013.
38
Id.
39
Jeremy W. Peters, Bachmann, Facing Inquires, Will Not Seek Re-election in 2014, New York Times, May 29,
2013.
40
Scott Higham and Dan Keating, House Panel Chair Probed, Washington Post, February 10, 2012.
41
Id.; http://financialservices.house.gov/About/.
42
Higham and Keating, Washington Post, Feb. 10, 2012.
43
Scott Higham, Congress Ethics Office Clears Bachus of Insider Trading, Washington Post, April 30, 2012.
44
Committee on Standards Weekly Summary Report, July 27-31, 2009. Available at:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/51542467/Committee-on-Standards-Weekly-Summary-Report-July-27-31-2009.
45
Id.
46
Id.; Lindsey Layton, Contributions to Rep. Barton’s Foundation Probed, Washington Post, October 30, 2009.
Status: On October 29, 2009, Rep. Barton said the OCE had cleared him of any wrongdoing.
47

Representative Shelley Berkley (D-NV)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
48

Under Investigation for: Rep. Berkley was under investigation for using her position to
support her husband’s financial and professional interests.
49
In September 2011, The New York
Times revealed how Rep. Berkley has taken numerous actions that have benefitted her husband, a
nephrologist and co-owner of a large medical practice.
50
Rep. Berkley helped prevent federal
regulators from closing a delinquent kidney transplant program that has ties to her husband’s
medical practice.
51
Additionally, Rep. Berkley accepted tens of thousands of dollars in
contributions from the nephrology industry, including from a PAC run by her husband, while
cosponsoring legislation to benefit the industry and opposing reducing payments to providers.
52

Status: On February 9, 2012, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Berkley to the House
Ethics Committee.
53
On June 29, 2012, the House Ethics Committee formed an investigative
subcommittee (ISC) to determine whether Rep. Berkley violated any laws or House rules.
54
On
December 20, 2012, the House Ethics Committee concluded its investigation, finding Rep.
Berkley violated the House’s conflict of interest rules “by improperly using her official position
for her beneficial interest by permitting her office to take official action specifically on behalf of
her husband's medical practice.”
55
The ISC recommended that its report on the matter serve as a
reproval of Rep. Berkley, but the full committee chose not to punish her or issue a formal letter
of reproval, citing her “candor” about the matter and her “lack of malicious intent in violating the
rules.”
56

Representative Sanford Bishop (D-GA)
Under Investigation by: The Georgia Bureau of Investigation (GBI), the OCE, and the House
Ethics Committee.
57


47
Layton, Washington Post, Oct. 30, 2009.
48
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Shelley Berkley, March 23, 2012.
49
Id.; Eric Lichtblau, Panel Extends Ethics Reviews of 2 House Members, New York Times, March 23, 2012.
50
Eric Lipton, A Congresswoman’s Cause is Often Her Husband’s Gain, New York Times, September 5, 2011.
51
Id.
52
Id.
53
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, March 23, 2012.
54
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Shelley Berkley, July 9, 2012.
55
House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to Representative Shelley
Berkley, December 20, 2012.
56
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Shelley Berkley, December 20, 2012.
57
Committee on Standards Weekly Summary Report, July 27-31, 2009. Available at:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/51542467/Committee-on-Standards-Weekly-Summary-Report-July-27-31-2009; Greg
Bluestein and Ben Evans, US Rep. Bishop’s Link to Earmark Raises Questions, Associated Press, March 6, 2009.
Under Investigation for: The GBI launched an investigation into a youth program for which
Rep. Bishop had earmarked almost $200,000.
58
The Junior Marshal program employed Rep.
Stanford’s stepdaughter and her husband.
59
The OCE investigated the matter and referred it to
the House Ethics Committee.
60

Status: In the first quarter of 2009, Rep. Bishop paid $25,000 in legal fees.
61
In March 2009, a
GBI special agent said, “The FBI is aware of it, but there is not a criminal investigation at this
time.”
62
The OCE reportedly recommended dismissal of the allegations against Rep. Bishop.
63

Representative Tim Bishop (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
64

Under Investigation for: Rep. Bishop was under scrutiny for soliciting a campaign contribution
in connection with an official action.
65
In 2012, hedge fund investor Eric Semler requested the
congressman’s help in obtaining environmental permits to hold a fireworks display at his
Southampton, NY, home during his son’s bar mitzvah.
66
Rep. Bishop and his staff subsequently
lobbied federal, state, and local officials on behalf of Mr. Semler.
67
While the permits were
pending, Molly Bishop, Rep. Bishop’s daughter and campaign fundraiser, requested a campaign
contribution of up to $10,000 from Mr. Semler.
68
The following month, Mr. Semler and his wife
contributed a combined $5,000 to Rep. Bishop’s campaign.
69
On August 24, 2012, Smithtown
Councilman Robert Creighton sent a letter to the Office of Congressional Ethics requesting an
investigation into Rep. Bishop’s actions.
70
In early 2013, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the
Eastern District of New York requested information about the matter from Rep. Bishop’s
office.
71
The FBI has also looked into the matter, and spoke with Southampton Town Trustee
Fred Havermayer in January or February 2013.
72


58
Bluestein and Evans, Associated Press, March 6, 2009.
59
Id.
60
Committee on Standards Weekly Summary Report, July 27-31, 2009. Available at:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/51542467/Committee-on-Standards-Weekly-Summary-Report-July-27-31-2009.
61
Jennifer Yachnin, Bishop Rings Up Big Legal Bill, Roll Call, April 28, 2009.
62
Chuck Williams, GBI agent: FBI Aware of Investigation into Muscogee County Marshall’s Office, Ledger
Enquirer, March 9, 2009; Yachnin, Roll Call, April 28, 2009.
63
Lyndsey Layton, Dismissal Recommended for Earmark Ethics Allegation Against Rep. Bishop, Washington Post,
Oct. 30, 2009.
64
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Tim Bishop, July 26, 2013.
65
Tom Brune, Ethics Panel to Announce Results of Complaint Probe Vs. Tim Bishop, Newsday, July 26, 2013; John
Bresnahan, Tim Bishop’s Bar Mitzvah Episode Could Spell Trouble, Politico, August 15, 2012
66
Id.
67
Id.
68
Id.
69
Bresnahan, Politico, August 15, 2012.
70
Brendan J. O’Reilly and Peter Verry, Smithtown Councilman, Former Top Cop Seeks Bishop Ethics Probe,
Commack Patch, August 29, 2012.
71
Dan Friedman, Bishop Cites DOJ Probe into Bar Mitzvah Fireworks Matter, New York Daily News, September
11, 2013.
72
Tom Brune, Rep. Tim Bishop: FBI Investigated Claims in Ethics Case, Newsday, September 12, 2013.
Status: On June 13, 2013, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Bishop to the House Ethics
Committee.
73
On July 26, 2013, the chairman and ranking member decided to extend the
committee’s inquiry into Rep. Bishop’s conduct.
74
On September 11, 2013, the House Ethics
Committee announced it would continue its review of the matters involving Rep. Bishop and
released the OCE’s report on the matter.
75
The status of the investigations by both the U.S.
Attorney’s Office and the FBI is unknown.
76
The OCE found substantial reason to believe Rep.
Bishop violated House rules, standards of conduct and federal law.
77
On September 10, 2014,
Rep. Bishop’s attorney said the DOJ had closed its investigation into Rep. Bishop.
78
On
November 5, 2014, Rep. Bishop lost his reelection bid, and on January 6, 2015, he left congress
at the end of his term.
79

Representative Paul Broun (R-GA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
80

Under Investigation for: Rep. Broun was under investigation for misusing official
congressional funds to retain a consultant and to compensate an adviser for campaign-related
services.
81
From June 2012 to March 2014, Rep. Broun’s congressional office paid $43,750 to
O’Donnell & Associates, which is owned Brett O’Donnell.
82
Mr. O’Donnell also provided Rep.
Broun campaign communications and debate consulting services during the same period.
83

During that time, Rep. Broun’s campaign committee only reported making a single payment to
Mr. O’Donnell, a $838.75 reimbursement for travel expenses.
84
In a statement, Rep. Broun said
he was “fully cooperating with the House Ethics Committee and will continue to do so
throughout their review”
85

Status: The OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee on July 31, 2014,
recommending further review.
86
On September 15, 2014, the Committee announced that it was

73
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Tim Bishop, July 26, 2013.
74
Id.
75
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Tim Bishop, September 11, 2013.
76
Rick Murphy, FBI, Investigating Bishop, Came to Southampton, The Independent, September 11, 2013;
Friedman, New York Daily News, September 11, 2013.
77
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report, Review No. 13-3308, May 31, 2013.
78
Tom Brune, Lawyer: Justice Dept. Probe of Bishop Closes with No Charges; Ethics Probe Still Open, Newsday,
September 10, 2014.
79
Paul LaRocco, Lee Zeldin Defeats Tim Bishop, Kathleen Rice Wins Over Bruce Blakeman for Congress,
Newsday, November 5, 2014.
80
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113th Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Paul Broun, September 15, 2014.
81
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Paul Broun, Review No. 14-
2533, July 25, 2014.
82
Id.
83
Id.
84
Hannah Hess, Broun’s Payouts to Communications Consultant Under Review, Roll Call, October 29, 2014.
85
Cristina Marcos, Ethics Office: GOP Lawmaker May Have Broken Campaign Law, The Hill, October 29, 2014.
86
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113th Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Paul Broun, September 15, 2014.
extending its investigation and would announce a course of action on or before October 29,
2014.
87
On October 29, 2014, the Committee announced that it would continue its review of the
matters involving Rep. Broun and released the OCE’s report on the matter.
88
The OCE found
substantial reason to believe that Rep. Broun used official funds to retain an individual as a
consultant to his congressional office, in violation of House rules and federal law.
89
The OCE
also found substantial reason to believe that Rep. Broun used official funds to compensate an
individual for services provided to one or more of his election campaigns, in violation of House
rules and federal law.
90
On May 20, 2014, Rep. Broun lost a primary bid for the Republican
Senate nomination in Georgia, and on January 6, 2015, he left congress at the end of his term.
91

Representative G.K. Butterfield (D-NC)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
92

Under Investigation for: Rep. Butterfield was under investigation for allegedly improperly
retaining excess per diem funds while on official travel.
93
The stipend is meant to cover meals
and travel expenses, and members are directed to return excess funds.
94
Rep. Butterfield told the
Wall Street Journal he sometimes kept money remaining from trips.
95

Status: The OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee on July 30, 2010,
recommending further review.
96
On November 15, 2010, the Democratic chairwoman and the
Republican ranking member of the House Ethics Committee extended the investigation into Rep.
Butterfield.
97
On December 31, 2010, the committee dropped the per diem investigation.
98

Representative Ken Calvert (R-CA)
Under Investigation by: The FBI.
99


87
Id.
88
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113th Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Paul Broun, October 29, 2014.
89
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Paul Broun, Review No. 14-
2533, July 25, 2014.
90
Id.
91
Alexis Levinson, Perdue, Kingston Head to Runoff in Georgia GOP Senate Primary, Roll Call, May 20, 2014.
92
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
93
Id.
94
Letter from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Rep. Ike Skelton, May 13, 2010.
95
Id.
96
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
97
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, November 15, 2010.
98
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, December 31, 2010.
99
Ben Goad and Sandra Stokely, FBI Poking Around in Jurupa Land Deal, Press-Enterprise, October 16, 2009.

Under Investigation for: The FBI reviewed the land sale between Rep. Calvert, his business
partners and the Jurupa Community Services District.
100
In 2006, the Jurupa Community
Services District sold four acres of property in Mira Loma to Stadium properties, in which Rep.
Calvert is a partner.
101
The community services district failed to notify the park district and other
governmental agencies that the land was on the market, as required by state law.
102
As a result,
the Jurupa Area Recreation and Park District filed a lawsuit against Rep. Calvert’s partnership
and the Jurupa Community Services District for fraud and deceit.
103

Status: In October 2009 it was revealed that an FBI official contacted a Jurupa parks official
regarding the lawsuit.
104
In October 2010, the parties agreed to settle the lawsuit.
105

Representative John Campbell (R-CA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
106

Under Investigation for: Rep. Campbell was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising
before voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
107

Status: As of August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics
Committee recommending further review.
108
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the investigation.
109

Delegate Donna Christensen (D-VI)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
110


100
Id.
101
Id.
102
Id.
103
Goad and Stokely, Press-Enterprise, Oct. 16, 2009.
104
Id.
105
Sandra Stokley and Ben Goad, JURUPA: Lawsuit Triggered By Land Deal Settled, Press-Enterprise, October 7,
2010.
106
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
107
Id.
108
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Campbell, Review No. 10-
4283, September 1, 2010.
109
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley,
Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
110
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Del. Donna Christensen, Review
No. 09-3698, June 8, 2009; Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress,
Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct
Regarding its Report on the Matter of the Carib News Foundation Multi National Business Conferences in 2007 and
2008, February 26, 2010.
Under Investigation for: The House Ethics Committee investigated Del. Christensen’s
acceptance of reimbursement expenses to attend a conference hosted by Carib News Foundation
in the Caribbean and the Member Post Travel Disclosure Form she filed.
111

Status: On June 8, 2009, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee
recommending further review.
112
On June 24, 2009, the House Ethics Committee established an
investigative subcommittee to conduct an inquiry.
113
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics
Committee released a report finding that Del. Christensen did not knowingly commit a violation,
but had inadvertently received impermissible gifts of travel that required repayment.
114

Representative Yvette Clarke (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee.
115

Under Investigation for: The House Ethics Committee investigated Rep. Clarke’s acceptance
of reimbursement expenses to attend a conference hosted by Carib News Foundation in the
Caribbean, as well as the Member Post Travel Disclosure Form she filed.
116

Status: On June 24, 2009, the committee established an investigative subcommittee to conduct
an inquiry.
117
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee released a report finding that
Rep. Clarke did not knowingly commit a violation, but inadvertently received impermissible
gifts of travel that required repayment.
118

Representative Joseph Crowley (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
119

Under Investigation for: Rep. Crowley was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising
before voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
120


111
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report on the
Matter of the Carib News Foundation Multi National Business Conferences in 2007 and 2008, February 26, 2010.
112
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Del. Donna Christensen, Review
No. 09-3698, June 8, 2009.
113
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June 24, 2009.
114
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Feb. 26, 2010.
115
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June 24, 2009.
116
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report on the
Matter of the Carib News Foundation Multi National Business Conferences in 2007 and 2008, February 26, 2010.
117
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June 24, 2009.
118
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Feb. 26, 2010.
119
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
120
Id.
Status: On August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee
recommending further review.
121
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee dismissed
the investigation.
122

Representative Nathan Deal (R-GA)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ, the OCE, and the House Ethics Committee.
123

Under Investigation for: The investigation involved a 20-year business arrangement Rep. Deal
had with the state of Georgia.
124
Rep. Deal and his business partner, Ken Cronan, co-owned
Recovery Services Inc.
125
The business held a no-bid agreement to provide a facility for the
state’s vehicle inspections, essentially a regional monopoly.
126
In 2008, Georgia Revenue
Commissioner Bart Graham suggested instead awarding the contracts through competitive
bidding.
127
Rep. Deal and his business partner held three meetings with state officials, including
the lieutenant governor, objecting to the change, which could have ended the deal that brought
his company $1.5 million between 2004 and 2008.
128
In the wake of the meetings, Mr. Graham
decided instead to privatize the system.
129
He proposed eliminating the program’s $1.7 million
annual cost from the state budget, and the state House approved the cut.
130
Around the same
time, Rep. Deal’s chief of staff, Chris Riley, used his congressional e-mail account to contact
state officials about the matter.
131
The money for the program was eventually kept in the
budget.
132

Status: Rep. Deal resigned from Congress on March 21, 2010, bringing the House Ethics
Committee’s investigation to an end.
133
The OCE, however, released its review of Rep. Deal and
found “substantial reason to believe” he may have violated ethics rules.
134

Representative Scott DesJarlais (R-TN)

121
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Campbell, Review No. 10-
4283, September 1, 2010.
122
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley,
Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
123
Aaron Gould Sheinin, Congressional Ethics Committees Inquire About Deal’s Business, Atlanta Journal-
Constitution, December 14, 2009.
124
Id.
125
Aaron Gould Sheinin and James Salzer, Agreement with State Benefits Deal’s Firm, Atlanta Journal-
Constitution, August 22, 2009.
126
Id.
127
Id.
128
Id.
129
Sheinin and Salzer, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Aug. 22, 2009.
130
Id.
131
Id.
132
Id.
133
Resignation Ends Ethics Probe of Ex-Rep. Nathan Deal, Washington Post, April 1, 2010.
134
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Nathan Deal, Review No.
09-1022, February 5, 2010.
Under Investigation by: The Tennessee Department of Health.
135


Under Investigation for: Rep. DesJarlais, a doctor, was under investigation for having
inappropriate sexual relationships with his patients.
136
Before he was elected to congress in
2010, Rep. DesJarlais practiced medicine in Tennessee.
137
On October 10, 2012, the Huffington
Post reported that in 2001, Rep. DesJarlais engaged in a sexual relationship with one of his
patients and pressured her to have an abortion.
138
On November 15, 2012, the Chattanooga
Times Free Press reported Rep. DesJarlais had sexual relationships with at least two patients.
139

The Tennessee State Board of Medical Examiners’ Sexual Misconduct Statement and Policy
prohibits Tennessee physicians from having sexual relationships with their patients.
140


Status: On October 12, 2012, CREW filed a complaint with the Tennessee Department of
Health.
141
On November 1, 2012, the department notified CREW it had opened a complaint file
against Rep. DesJarlais.
142
On January 4, 2013, Rep. DesJarlais said he had met with
Department of Health investigators about the complaint.
143
On May 23, 2013, the Tennessee
Board of Medical Examiners fined Rep. DesJarlais $500 and issued a reprimand.
144

Representative Norm Dicks (D-WA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
145

Under Investigation for: The investigation centered on whether Rep. Dicks exchanged
earmarks for campaign contributions from PMA Group lobbyists and clients.
146


135
Letter from Tennessee Department of Health Complaint Coordinator Barbara White to CREW Executive
Director Melanie Sloan, November 1, 2012.
136
Id.; Letter from CREW Executive Director Melanie Sloan to Tennessee Department of Health, October 12, 2012.
137
http://desjarlais.house.gov/biography/.
138
Michael McAuliff, Scott DesJarlais, Pro-Life Republican Congressman And Doctor, Pressured Mistress Patient
to Get Abortion, Huffington Post, October 10, 2012.
139
Chris Carroll and Kate Harrison, Scott DesJarlais Supported Ex-Wifes’ Abortions, Slept With Patients, Divorce
Transcript Shows, Chattanooga Times Free Press, November 15, 2012.
140
Letter from CREW Executive Director Melanie Sloan to Tennessee Department of Health, October 12, 2012.
141
Id.
142
Letter from Tennessee Department of Health Complaint Coordinator Barbara White to CREW Executive
Director Melanie Sloan, November 1, 2012.
143
Andy Sher, Political Notebook: DesJarlais Reveals Health Department Probe, Chattanooga Times Free Press,
January 5, 2013.
144
In the Matter of Scott DesJarlais, M.D., Board of Medical Examiners, State of Tennessee, Case Nos.
2012022411, 2012020671, 2012026471 (May 23, 2013).
145
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliochetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA), Report No. 111-423, February 26,
2010.
146
Id.
Status of Investigation: The OCE closed its investigation into Rep. Dicks and recommended
the House Ethics Committee dismiss their investigation.
147
On February 26, 2010, the House
Ethics Committee dismissed the allegations against Rep. Dicks.
148

Representative Eliot Engel (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
149

Under Investigation for: Rep. Engel was under investigation for allegedly improperly retaining
excess per diem funds while on official travel.
150
The stipend is meant to cover meals and travel
expenses, and members are directed to return excess funds.
151
Rep. Engel told The Wall Street
Journal he usually kept leftover per diem money. “If there was anything left, it was negligible.
There are no windfalls from these,” he said.
152

Status: The OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee on July 30, 2010,
recommending further review.
153
On November 15, 2010, the Democratic chairwoman and the
Republican ranking member of the House Ethics Committee extended the investigation into Rep.
Engel.
154
On December 31, 2010, the committee dropped the per diem investigation.
155

Representative Mike Fitzpatrick (R-PA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE.
156

Under Investigation for: The OCE investigated Rep. Fitzpatrick for participating in
congressional activities before receiving the oath of office.
157
On January 5, 2011, the day Rep.
Fitzpatrick was to be sworn in to the House, he hosted a fundraiser to celebrate the swearing-in at

147
Id.
148
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report in the Matter
of Allegations Related to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA),
February 26, 2010.
149
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
150
Id.
151
Letter from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Rep. Ike Skelton, May 13, 2010.
152
Id.
153
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
154
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, November 15, 2010.
155
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, December 31, 2010.
156
Amanda Becker, Legal Fees Show Who Is Spending on Defense, Roll Call, February 15, 2012.
157
Id.; http://www.citizensforethics.org/legal-filings/entry/ethics-complaint-against-pete-sessions-mike-fitzpatrick.
the Capitol Visitor Center.
158
Rep. Fitzpatrick watched Speaker John Boehner conduct the
swearing-in ceremony on television, and attempted to take the oath of office.
159
The House
Parliamentarian subsequently concluded that Rep. Fitzpatrick had not been properly sworn in.
160

Rep. Fitzpatrick had already voted six times on questions before the House and engaged in other
restricted activities.
161
On January 6, 2011, Speaker Boehner swore in Rep. Fitzpatrick in the
House Chamber, and on January 7, 2011, the House passed a resolution nullifying Rep.
Fitzpatrick’s votes, but ratifying his other actions.
162

Status: In 2011, the OCE investigated Rep. Fitzpatrick’s fundraiser, but according to Rep.
Fitzpatrick’s spokesman the “OCE found that [Rep. Fitzpatrick] did not have any improper
actions related to the [fundraiser].”
163

Representative Elton Gallegly (R-CA)
Under Investigation by: The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the
House Ethics Committee.
164

Under Investigation for: Rep. Gallegly, along with three other congressmen, was under
investigation for receiving a preferential mortgage rate from Countrywide Financial.
165
Rep.
Gallegly said he didn’t know he received any special treatment, and paid off the loan in question
in 2005.
166

Status: In December 2011, Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA), chairman of the Oversight and
Government Reform Committee, referred Rep. Gallegly’s case to the House Ethics
Committee.
167
In July 2012, the Oversight and Government Reform Committee published a
report about Countrywide’s VIP loan program that included information on Rep. Gallegly.
168
On
December 27, 2012, the House Ethics Committee concluded its investigation of Countrywide
Loan recipients, including Rep. Gallegly.
169
The committee determined its statute of limitations

158
Russell Berman, GOP Lawmakers Cast House Votes Despite Missing Official Swearing-In, The Hill, February 6,
2012.
159
Billy House, Two Members Miss Congressional Oath, Try to Take it on Television, National Journal, January 6,
2011; Id.
160
Todd Gillman and Melanie Mason, Questions About Dallas Rep. Pete Sessions’ Status Delay Republicans’
Health Care Repeal Efforts, Dallas Morning News, January 7, 2011.
161
Jonathan Allen, Republican Lawmakers Miss Oath, Vote on Floor Anyway¸ Politico, January 6, 2011.
162
Kathleen Hennessey, House Votes to Clean Up Mess Made by Two Lawmakers Who Botched Swearing-In, Los
Angeles Times, January 7, 2011.
163
Becker, Roll Call, Feb. 15, 2012.
164
Mark Leibovich, Countrywide ‘V.I.P.’ Loans Linked to 2 Congressmen, New York Times, January 14, 2012; John
Emshwiller and Alan Zibel, Mozilo Tied to Loan to Top Lawmaker, Wall Street Journal, January 18, 2012.
165
John Emshwiller, Lawmakers Tied to VIP Loan Program, Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2012.
166
Id.
167
Emshwiller and Zibel, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 18, 2012.
168
House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, 112th Congress, How Countrywide Used its VIP Loan
Program To Influence Washington Policymakers, July 5, 2012.
169
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Allegations Concerning the “V.I.P.” Loan Unit of Countrywide Financial
Corporation, December 27, 2012.
had lapsed, rendering the investigation moot.
170
The committee also noted that a member’s
“mere inclusion” in the loan program “is not, in and of itself, a violation of any rules, laws, or
standards of conduct governing Members, officers, or employees of the House of
Representatives,” but cautioned members that “it is improper to knowingly use one’s position or
influence within the House of Representatives to obtain a personal benefit.”
171
The committee
determined some employees of the House may have improperly contacted Countrywide
government affairs officials about their loans, but none of the members in question had done
so.
172

Representative Sam Graves (R-MO)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
173

Under Investigation for: Rep. Sam Graves, the ranking member of the Committee on Small
Business, was under investigation for his role in inviting a witness to testify at a committee
hearing, thereby possibly violating conflict of interest rules.
174
The witness, a businessman, had
financial interests in the same renewable fuels plant in Missouri as Rep. Graves’ wife, Lesley
Graves.
175

Status: On August 6, 2009 the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics
Committee.
176
The House Ethics Committee cleared Rep. Graves of any wrongdoing on October
29, 2009.
177
Representative Michael Grimm (R-NY)
Under Investigation by: The FBI, the House Ethics Committee, and the OCE.
178


Under Investigation for: Rep. Grimm was investigated for questionable fundraising practices
during the 2010 congressional campaign.
179
Rep. Grimm allegedly sought campaign donations
in excess of campaign finance limits, used straw donors to circumvent those limits, illegally

170
Id.
171
Id.
172
Id.
173
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Sam Graves, Review No.
09-7000, August 6, 2009; Press Release, House Committee on Standards and Official Conduct, Statement of the
Chair and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards and Official Conduct Regarding
Representative Sam Graves, September 15, 2009.
174
Id.
175
Id.
176
Id.
177
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Report in the Matter of Representative Sam
Graves, Review No. 111-320, October 29, 2009.
178
Alison Gendar, FBI Questions Four (Or More) In Rep. Michael Grimm Campaign Donations Investigation, New
York Daily News, June 20, 2012; Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the
Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Michael Grimm, November
26, 2012.
179
Id.; Alison Leigh Cowan and William Rashbaum, Rabbi’s Followers Cast Doubts on Congressman’s
Fundraising, New York Times, January 27, 2012.
accepted donations from foreigners, and filed inaccurate FEC reports.
180
Rep. Grimm also
allegedly allowed a noncitizen to collect campaign donations for him in exchange for help with
obtaining a green card.
181


Status: In October 2010, former Rep. Anthony Weiner (D-NY) notified the FBI about Rep.
Grimm after the campaign donors had contacted him about Rep. Grimm’s activities.
182
On June
20, 2012, the New York Daily News reported that the FBI had questioned at least four of Rep.
Grimm’s campaign staffers as part of its probe into his actions.
183
In August 2012, the FBI
arrested Ofer Biton, an Israeli citizen who allegedly helped Rep. Grimm raise hundreds of
thousands of dollars, on immigration fraud.
184
On June 29, 2012, the OCE referred its
investigation of Rep. Grimm to the House Ethics Committee, and recommended dismissing the
matter because the alleged misconduct occurred before Rep. Grimm became a member of the
House.
185
On November 26, 2012, however, the House Ethics Committee announced it had
opened an inquiry into Rep. Grimm’s activities, notwithstanding the OCE’s recommendation,
because the committee had held in the past “that it may investigate conduct that violated laws,
regulations, or standards of conduct, which occurred during an initial campaign for the House of
Representatives.”
186
In August 2013, Mr. Biton pled guilty to lying on a visa application.
187
On
November 26, 2013, the House Ethics Committee announced it would continue to defer
consideration of the allegations against Rep. Grimm at the behest of the Justice Department.
188

In January 2014, the FBI arrested Diana Durand on charges of using “straw donors” to funnel
more than $10,000 in illegal contributions to Rep. Grimm’s 2010 campaign.
189
Ms. Durand is
“engaged in plea negotiations” with the U.S. Attorney in Brooklyn, New York.
190
On
September, 3, 2014, Ms. Durand pleaded guilty to illegally funneling money to two
congressional candidates during the 2010 campaign, including Rep. Grimm.
191
On April 9,
2014, the OCE referred its investigation of whether Rep. Grimm had violated House Rules or
law by threatening a reporter following the 2014 State of the Union address to the House Ethics
Committee.
192
On April 28, 2014, Rep. Grimm was indicted for fraud connected to a restaurant

180
Id.
181
Id.; Alison Leigh Cowan, Ethics Panel to Scrutinize Congressman From S.I., New York Times, November 26,
2012.
182
Celeste Katz and Alison Gendar, Weiner Dropped FBI Dime on Grimm Fundraising, New York Daily News,
March 2, 2012.
183
Gendar, New York Daily News, June 20, 2012.
184
Alison Leigh Cowan, Congressional Fund-Raiser Charged With Immigration Fraud, New York Times, August 17,
2012.
185
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Michael Grimm, November 26, 2012.
186
Id.
187
John Bresnahan, Michael Grimm Fundraiser Pleads Guilty to Visa Violation, Politico, August 16, 2013.
188
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the
Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Michael Grimm, November 26, 2013.
189
William K. Rashbaum, F.B.I. Arrests Fund-Raiser for Congressman, New York Times, January 13, 2014.
190
Tom Wrobleski, Texas Woman in Grimm Fundraising Case Has Court Date Postponed, ‘In Plea Negotiations’
with U.S. Attorney, Court Papers Say, Staten Island Advance, January 24, 2014.
191
Stephanie Clifford, Fund-Raiser Pleads Guilty to Organizing Straw Donors for Michael Grimm’s Campaign, New
York Times, September 3, 2014.
192
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Michael Grimm, June 25, 2014.
he ran before entering Congress.
193
Rep. Grimm allegedly lied under oath during a deposition
that was taken while he was a member of Congress.
194
Rep. Grimm’s trial date is set for
December 1, 2014.
195
On May 8, 2014, the House Ethics Committee voted unanimously to
establish an investigative subcommittee to look into the allegations against Rep. Grimm.
196
On
June 25, 2014, the House Ethics Committee announced it would defer consideration of the
allegations against Rep. Grimm relating to his threat against a reporter at the request of the
Justice Department, and released the OCE’s report on the matter.
197
The OCE found substantial
reason to believe Rep. Grimm violated House rules and the D.C. Code.
198
On December 23,
2014, Rep. Grimm pleaded guilty to one charge of tax evasion.
199
On January 5, 2015, Rep.
Grimm resigned from Congress.
200

Representative Jane Harman (D-CA)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee.
201

Under Investigation for: Rep. Harman was under investigation after she was caught on
wiretap, allegedly agreeing to press White House officials to reduce criminal charges against two
lobbyists for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee. In exchange, the agent allegedly
agreed to lobby then House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) in support of Rep. Harman’s bid to
chair the House Intelligence Committee.
202

Status: In June 2009, Rep. Harman released a letter from the Justice Department saying she was
not the subject of an investigation.
203
In November 2009, the House Ethics Committee dropped
the investigation.
204
Rep. Harman resigned from Congress on February 8, 2011.
205

Representative Jeb Hensarling (R-TX)

193
Stephanie Clifford, Grimm, Staten Island Lawmakers, Is Charged With Fraud, New York Times, April 28, 2014.
194
Id.
195
Oren Yaniv, Trial for Indicted Rep. Michael Grimm Set for After the November Election, New York Daily News,
September 2, 2014.
196
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Michael Grimm, May 23, 2014.
197
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Michael Grimm, June 25, 2014.
198
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report, Review No. 14-4843, March 28, 2014.
199
Deirdre Walksh and Evan Perez, Congressman Grimm Pleads Guilty, CNN, December 23, 2014.
200
Dan Friedman, Michael Grimm Officially Resigns in Disgrace, New York Daily News, January 5, 2015.
201
Mary Beth Sheridan, Calif.'s Harman Rails Against Wiretapping That Ensnared Her, Washington Post, May 4,
2009; Ellen Nakashima and Paul Kane, Dozens in Congress Under Ethics Inquiry, Washington Post, October 30,
2009.
202
Nakashima and Kane, Washington Post, Oct. 30, 2009.
203
Id.
204
Paul Kane, Ethics Committee says Rep. Harman is Not Under Scrutiny, Washington Post, November 3, 2009.
205
Jennifer Epstein, Rep. Jane Harman Makes Her Exit Official, Politico, February 8, 2011.
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
206

Under Investigation for: Rep. Hensarling was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising
before voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
207

Status: On August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee
recommending dismissal.
208
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee dismissed the
investigation.
209

Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D-IL)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ, the FBI, the House Ethics Committee, and the OCE.
210

Under Investigation for: The FBI is investigating Rep. Jackson for reportedly using his
campaign funds to decorate his house and to buy a $40,000 Rolex watch for a female friend.
211

Rep. Jackson was previously under scrutiny for actions related to his bid for appointment to the
Illinois Senate seat vacated by President Barack Obama.
212
The DOJ also interviewed Rep.
Jackson as part of the corruption probe of Gov. Rod Blagojevich (D-IL).
213
Federal authorities
subpoenaed individuals with knowledge of a possible fundraising effort by Rep. Jackson’s
supporters meant to encourage Gov. Blagojevich to appoint Rep. Jackson to the Senate.
214

Status: On November 7, 2012, the Chicago Sun-Times reported Rep. Jackson was “in the midst
of plea discussions” to bring the FBI investigation to a close.
215
On November 21, 2012, Rep.
Jackson resigned from the House of Representatives effectively ending the House Ethics
Committee’s investigation into him.
216
Previously, on July 24, 2009, the OCE had referred its
investigation of Rep. Jackson to the House Ethics Committee, which had already begun a
separate investigation of Rep. Jackson.
217
After delaying its investigation to allow the DOJ to

206
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
207
Id.
208
Id.
209
Press Release, Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct
Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley, Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom
Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
210
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the
Chairwoman and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding
Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr., September 15, 2009; evlin Barrett and Evan Perez, Jackson Is Subject of Criminal
Probe, Wall Street Journal, October 14, 2012.
211
Barrett and Perez, Wall Street Journal, Oct. 14, 2012; Michael Sneed, Jesse Jackson Jr. in Plea Deal Talks With
Feds, Sources Say, Chicago Sun-Times, November 7, 2012.
212
Id.
213
Jeff Coen and John Chase, Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr.: Feds Step Up Inquiry, Chicago Tribune, April 9, 2009.
214
Id.
215
Sneed, Chicago Sun-Times, Nov. 7, 2012.
216
Aaron Blake, Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. Has Resigned From Congress, Washington Post, November 21, 2012.
217
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the
Chairwoman and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding
Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr., September 15, 2009.
prosecute Gov. Blagojevich, the House Ethics Committee had resumed its investigation on
October 13, 2011.
218

Representative Marcy Kaptur (D-OH)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
219

Under Investigation for: The investigation centered on whether Rep. Kaptur exchanged
earmarks for campaign contributions from PMA Group lobbyists and clients.
220

Status: The OCE closed its investigation into Rep. Kaptur and recommended the House Ethics
Committee dismiss the allegations.
221
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the allegations against Rep. Kaptur.
222

Representative Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
223

Under Investigation for: The House Ethics Committee investigated Rep. Kilpatrick’s
acceptance of reimbursement expenses to attend a conference hosted by Carib News Foundation
in the Caribbean, as well as the Member Post Travel Disclosure Form she filed.
224

Status: On June 8, 2009, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee,
recommending further review.
225
On June 24, 2009, the committee established an investigative
subcommittee to conduct an inquiry.
226
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
released a report finding that Rep. Kilpatrick did not knowingly commit a violation, but

218
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr., September 15, 2011.
219
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the Lobbying
Activities of Paul Magliochetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA), Report No. 111-423, February 26, 2010.
220
Id.
221
Id.
222
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report in the Matter
of Allegations Related to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA),
February 26, 2010.
223
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick,
Review No. 09-2567, June 8, 2009; Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th

Congress, Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official
Conduct, June 24, 2009.
224
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report on the
Matter of the Carib News Foundation Multi National Business Conferences in 2007 and 2008, February 26, 2010.
225
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick,
Review No. 09-2567, June 8, 2009.
226
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June 24, 2009.
inadvertently received impermissible gifts of travel that required repayment.
227
Rep. Kilpatrick
lost her 2010 Democratic primary.
228

Representative Chris Lee (R-NY)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
229

Under Investigation for: Rep. Lee was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising before
voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
230

Status: As of August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics
Committee recommending dismissal.
231
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the investigation.
232
Rep. Lee resigned from office on February 10, 2011.
233

Representative Jerry Lewis (R-CA)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ.
234

Under Investigation for: Rep. Lewis was under investigation for allegedly steering millions of
dollars in earmarks to clients of a friend and former colleague in exchange for contributions to
his campaign committee and political action committee.
235

Status: On December 3, 2010, the spokesman for the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Los Angeles
announced it had closed its investigation into Rep. Lewis.
236

Representative Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
237


227
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, February 26, 2010.
228
Jeff Zeleny, Kilpatrick Loses Democratic Primary, The New York Times, August 4, 2010.
229
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
230
Id.
231
Id.
232
Press Release, Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct
Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley, Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom
Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
233
David Fahrenthold and Aaron Blake, Rep. Chris Lee Resigns After Reports of Craigslist Flirtation, The
Washington Post, February 10, 2011.
234
Kevin Freking, Feds End Investigation of California Lawmaker, Associated Press, December 3, 2010.
235
Id.
236
Id.
237
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
Under Investigation for: Rep. Lucas was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising
before voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
238

Status: As of August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics
Committee recommending dismissal.
239
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the investigation.
240

Representative Howard McKeon (R-CA)
Under Investigation by: The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the
House Ethics Committee.
241


Under Investigation for: Rep. McKeon, along with three other congressmen, was under
investigation for receiving a preferential mortgage rate from Countrywide Financial.
242
On July
5, 2012, the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee published a report concluding
Rep. McKeon received a one point reduction on his loan as a direct result of personal
intervention by Countrywide CEO Angelo Mozilo.”
243
Rep. McKeon’s spokesperson said he did
not knowingly receive any special treatment from the company.
244


Status: In December 2011, Rep. Issa referred Rep. McKeon’s case to the House Ethics
Committee.
245
In July 2012, the Oversight and Government Reform Committee published a
report about Countrywide’s VIP loan program that included information on Rep. McKeon.
246

On December 27, 2012, the House Ethics Committee concluded its investigation of Countrywide
Loan recipients, including Rep. McKeon.
247
The committee determined its statute of limitations
had lapsed, rendering the investigation moot.
248
The committee also noted that a member’s
“mere inclusion” in the loan program “is not, in and of itself, a violation of any rules, laws, or
standards of conduct governing Members, officers, or employees of the House of
Representatives,” but cautioned members that “it is improper to knowingly use one’s position or
influence within the House of Representatives to obtain a personal benefit.”
249
The committee

238
Id.
239
Id.
240
Press Release, Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct
Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley, Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom
Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
241
Mark Leibovich, Countrywide ‘V.I.P.’ Loans Linked to 2 Congressmen, New York Times, January 14, 2012; John
Emshwiller and Alan Zibel, Mozilo Tied to Loan to Top Lawmaker, Wall Street Journal, January 18, 2012
242
John Emshwiller, Lawmakers Tied to VIP Loan Program, Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2012.
243
Emshwiller and Zibel, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 18, 2012; Letter from Representative Elijah Cummings to
Representative Darrell Issa, January 17, 2012.
244
Emshwiller, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 14, 2012.
245
Emshwiller and Zibel, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 18, 2012.
246
House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, 112th Congress, How Countrywide Used its VIP Loan
Program To Influence Washington Policymakers, July 5, 2012.
247
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Allegations Concerning the “V.I.P.” Loan Unit of Countrywide Financial
Corporation, December 27, 2012.
248
Id.
249
Id.
determined some employees of the House may have improperly contacted Countrywide
government affairs officials about their loans, but none of the members in question had done
so.
250


Representative Gary Miller (R-CA)
Under Investigation by: The FBI and the House Ethics Committee.
251

Under Investigation for: Rep. Miller was under investigation by the FBI for failing to pay
capital gains taxes after he claimed he was forced to sell his land to two cities under eminent
domain, allegations both cities have denied.
252
The House Ethics Committee reviewed Rep.
Miller’s real estate transactions to determine whether his investments were tied to official acts.
253

Status: The investigations appear to have been dormant for several years.
Representative Timothy Murphy (R-PA)
Under Investigation by: The FBI.
254

Under Investigation for: Rep. Murphy was under investigation for misusing official resources
for political campaign activity.
255

Status: The investigation appears to have been dormant for several years.
Representative Alan Mollohan (D-WV)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ and the House Ethics Committee.
256

Under Investigation for: Rep. Mollohan was under investigation for steering money to
nonprofit groups run by his real estate partners.
257


250
Id.
251
William Heisel, FBI Probing Rep. Miller’s Land Sales, Los Angeles Times, January 31, 2007; Perry Bacon Jr.
and Paul Kane, Miller’s Real Estate Profits Reviewed By Committee, Washington Post, October 30, 2009.
252
Heisel, Los Angeles Times, Jan. 31, 2007.
253
Bacon Jr. and Kane, Washington Post, Oct. 30, 2009.
254
Andy Sheehan, FBI Probes Claims Against Congressman Murphy, KDKA Channel 2, December 14, 2006.
255
Id.; Shira Toeplitz, Pennsylvania: Murphy Spends $27K On Undisclosed Legal Fees, Roll Call, January 29, 2008.
256
Committee on Standards Weekly Summary Report, July 27-31, 2009. Available at:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/51542467/Committee-on-Standards-Weekly-Summary-Report-July-27-31-2009; Paul
Kane, Justice Dept. Ends Probe of Rep. Mollohan, Washington Post, Jan. 26, 2010.
257
Kane, Washington Post, January 26, 2010.
Status: On January 26, 2010, the Washington Post reported the DOJ had closed its four-year
investigation into Rep. Mollohan without filing criminal charges.
258
Rep. Mollohan left office in
2010 after losing his re-election bid, ending the House Ethics Committee investigation.
259

Representative Jim Moran (D-VA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
260

Under Investigation for: The investigation centered on whether Rep. Moran exchanged
earmarks for campaign contributions from PMA Group lobbyists and clients.
261

Status: The OCE closed its investigation into Rep. Moran and recommended the House Ethics
Committee dismiss their investigation.
262
On February 26, 2010, the House ethics committee
dismissed the allegations against Rep. Moran.
263

Representative Solomon Ortiz (D-TX)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
264

Under Investigation for: Rep. Ortiz was under investigation by the committees for allegedly
improperly retaining excess per diem funds while on official travel.
265
The stipend is meant to
cover meals and travel expenses, and members are directed to return excess funds.
266
The
congressman told the Wall Street Journal that if members knew they had to repay the excess
cash, many members would not travel.
267

Status: The OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee on July 30, 2010,
recommending further review.
268
On November 15, 2010, the Democratic chairwoman and the
Republican ranking member of the House Ethics Committee extended the investigation into Rep.

258
Id.
259
Chris Cillizza, Rep. Alan Mollohan Loses Democratic Primary in West Virginia, Washington Post, May 11,
2010.
260
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the Lobbying
Activities of Paul Magliochetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA), Report No. 111-423, February 26, 2010.
261
Id.
262
Id.
263
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report in the Matter
of Allegations Related to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA),
February 26, 2010.
264
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
265
Id.
266
Letter from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Rep. Ike Skelton, May 13, 2010.
267
Id.
268
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
Ortiz.
269
On December 31, 2010, the committee dropped the per diem investigation.
270
Rep.
Ortiz lost his bid for re-election in 2010.
271

Representative Bill Owens (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
272

Under Investigation for: Rep. Owens was under scrutiny for improperly accepting a trip to
Taiwan organized by lobbyists and paid for by the Taiwanese government.
273
In December
2011, Rep. Owens filed a travel disclosure with the House Ethics Committee identifying the
Chinese Culture University (CCU) as the sole sponsor of a four-day trip he and his wife were
taking to Taiwan later that month.
274
Rep. Owens and his wife flew in first class and stayed at
hotels costing on average $520 per night.
275
The entire four-day trip cost $22,132.
276
Though
House rules prohibit members from accepting trips organized by lobbyists, lobbyists employed
by Park Strategies, a New York lobbying firm run by former Sen. Al D’Amato, suggested and
helped plan the trip.
277
Further, the OCE found evidence the trip was paid for by the Taiwanese
government, rather than CCU, in violation of House rules and federal law.
278
On May 11, 2012,
the day after ProPublica first reported on the trip, Rep. Owens announced he would reimburse
CCU for the cost of the trip.
279

Status: On August 30, 2012, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Owens to the House
Ethics Committee.
280
On December 14, 2012, the chairman and ranking member decided to
extend the inquiry into Rep. Owens’ conduct.
281
On February 6, 2013, the chairman and ranking
member announced the House Ethics Committee would continue to review the matter and
released the OCE report.
282
On November 15, 2013, the chairman and ranking member released

269
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, November 15, 2010.
270
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, December 31, 2010.
271
Will Weissert, Texas US Rep. Ortiz Concedes Defeat to Opponent, Associated Press, November 23, 2010.
272
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Bill Owens, December 14, 2012.
273
Office of Congressional Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Representative Bill Owens,
Review No. 12-8236, August 24, 2012 (OCE Report).
274
Justin Elliott, Lobbyists Arranged N.Y. Congressman’s $20,000 Trip to Taiwan, ProPublica, May 10, 2012.
275
Id.
276
Id.
277
Id.
278
OCE Report, pp 13-14.
279
Justin Elliott, N.Y. Congressman Will Reimburse Costs for $22,000 Taiwan Trip, ProPublica, May 11, 2012.
280
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Bill Owens, December 14, 2012.
281
Id.
282
Press Release. Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on Ethics Regarding
Representative Bill Owens. February 6, 2013.
the committee’s report on Rep. Owens and announced that the investigation was closed because
Rep. Owens had “voluntarily remedied the impermissible gift” of the trip to Taiwan.
283


Representative Donald Payne (D-NJ)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
284

Under Investigation for: The House Ethics Committee investigated Rep. Payne’s acceptance
of reimbursement expenses to attend a conference hosted by Carib News Foundation in the
Caribbean, as well as the Member Post Travel Disclosure Form he filed.
285

Status: On June 8, 2009, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee,
recommending further review.
286
On June 24, 2009, the committee established an investigative
subcommittee to conduct an inquiry.
287
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
released a report finding that Rep. Payne did not knowingly commit a violation, but inadvertently
received impermissible gifts of travel that required repayment.
288

Rep. Tom Petri (R-WI)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.

Under Investigation for: Rep. Petri was under investigation for advocating on behalf of a
defense contractor in his district in which he owns stock.
289
From 2008 to 2013, Rep. Petri and
his congressional office provided assistance to the Oshkosh Corporation, the Manitowoc
Company, and the Plum Creek Timber Company while he or his wife owned stock in each of the
companies.
290
After the Gannett Washington bureau published a report on the congressman’s
stock holdings in the Oshkosh Corporation and his actions on behalf of the company, Rep. Petri
asked the House Ethics Committee to review the matter.
291



283
House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, In the Matters of Allegations Relating to Travel to Taiwan by
Representatives William Owens and Peter Roskam in 2011, November 15, 2013.
284
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Donald Payne, Review No.
09-4403, June 8, 2009; Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress,
Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June
24, 2009.
285
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report on the
Matter of the Carib News Foundation Multi National Business Conferences in 2007 and 2008, February 26, 2010.
286
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Donald Payne, Review No.
09-4403, June 8, 2009.
287
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June 24, 2009.
288
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Feb. 26, 2010.
289
Billy House, Ethics Probe of Rep. Tom Petri Announced, National Journal, August 18, 2014.
290
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report, Review No. 14-1891, September 30, 2014.
291
Donovan Slack, Lawmaker Holds Stock in Defense Contractor He Champions, USA Today/Gannett Washington
Bureau, February 8, 2014; Natalie Villacorta, Tom Petri Seeks Ethics Probe – of Himself, Politico, February 18,
2014.
Status: On July 2, 2014, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Petri to the House Ethics
Committee.
292
On August 18, 2014, the chairman and ranking member decided to extend the
inquiry.
293
On September 30, 2014, the House Ethics Committee announced it would continue
its review of the matters involving Rep. Petri and released the OCE’s report on the matter.
294

The OCE found substantial reason to believe that Rep. Petri improperly performed official acts
on behalf of companies in which he had a financial interest, in violation of House rules and
standards of conduct.
295
Rep. Petri did not run for reelection in 2014.
296

Representative Earl Pomeroy (D-ND)
Under Investigation by: The OCE.
297

Under Investigation for: Rep. Pomeroy was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising
before voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
298

Status: On August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics committee
recommending dismissal.
299
The House Ethics Committee reported that it did not have
jurisdiction to investigate Rep. Pomeroy after he lost his reelection bid in 2010.
300

Representative Tom Price (R-GA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
301

Under Investigation for: Rep. Price was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising before
voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
302


292
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Tom Petri, August 18, 2014.
293
Id.
294
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Tom Petri, September 30, 2014.
295
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report, Review No. 14-1891, September 30, 2014.
296
Emily Cahn and Bridget Bowman, Tom Petri Announces Retirement, Roll Call, April 11, 2014.
297
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
298
Id.
299
Id.
300
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011; Mike Hammer, House
Democratic Losers Include Big Names, Associated Press, November 3, 2010.
301
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 112
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Related to
Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, Staff Report, January 26, 2011.
302
Id.
Status: On August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee
recommending further review.
303
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee dismissed
the investigation.
304

Representative Charles Rangel (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee.
305

Under Investigation for: Rep. Rangel was under investigation for improperly leasing rent-
controlled apartments, inappropriately using congressional stationary, failing to disclose rental
income on his personal financial disclosure forms, and failing to pay taxes on rental income on
his villa in the Dominican Republic, among other charges.
306

Status: At Rep. Rangel’s own request, the House Ethics Committee initiated a probe into his
conduct on September 24, 2008.
307
Almost two years and several delays later, after Rep. Rangel
had stepped down as chairman of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee, the House
Ethics Committee charged Rep. Rangel with 13 counts of violating House rules.
308
On
November 16, 2010, an adjudicatory subcommittee convicted him of 11 ethics charges.
309
On
December 2, 2010, the House voted 333 to 79 to censure Rep. Rangel, making him the first
member of the House to be censured in 27 years.
310

Representative Jim Renacci (R-OH)
Under Investigation by: The FBI.
311

Under Investigation for: The FBI was investigating large campaign contributions made by
employees of an Ohio-based direct marketing corporation, Suarez Corporation Industries, to Rep.
Renacci.
312


303
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Campbell, Review No. 10-
4283, September 1, 2010.
304
Press Release, Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct
Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley, Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom
Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
305
Press Release, Statement of Acting Chairman and Ranking Republican Member on Standards of Official
Conduct, September 24, 2008.
306
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Adjudicatory Subcommittee Report In the
Matter of Representative Charles B. Rangel, November 16, 2010.
307
Jennifer Yachnin, Rangel Charged With 13 Counts of Wrongdoing, Roll Call, July 29, 2010.
308
Id.
309
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Adjudicatory Subcommittee Report In the
Matter of Representative Charles B. Rangel, November 16, 2010.
310
David Kocieniewski, Rangel Censured Over Violations of Ethics Rules, New York Times, December 2, 2010. In
a separate ruling, on February 25, 2010, the House Ethics Committee had admonished Rep. Rangel for violating
House rules by accepting corporate-sponsored travel to the Caribbean.
311
Tony Cook, Campaign Donations Prompt FBI Probe, Toledo Blade, May 21, 2012.
312
Id.
Status: On May 18, 2012, the New Republic reported that the FBI had questioned employees of
Suarez Corporation Industries about their donations.
313
On May 21, 2012, Rep. Renacci’s
campaign confirmed the FBI was investigating the contributions.
314
In November 2013,
Benjamin Suarez and Michael Giorgio, two executives at Suarez Corporation Industries, were
indicted for conspiracy to violate campaign finance laws and obstruction of justice.
315
Mr.
Suarez, Mr. Giorgio, and the company entered pleas of not guilty in November 2013.
316
Rep.
Renacci has not been charged with a crime and his spokesman, James Slepian, said “As the
Justice Department made clear last year, neither Congressman Renacci nor his campaign have
ever been the target of this investigation and have not engaged in any improper conduct.”
317


Representative Silvestre Reyes (D-TX)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
318

Under Investigation for: Rep. Reyes was under investigation for allegedly holding campaign
meetings on the grounds of the House of Representatives and illegally paying for his daughter’s
living expenses with campaign funds.
319
On May 29, 2012, Rep. Reyes lost his bid for reelection
in the Democratic primary.
320

Status: On August 30, 2012, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Reyes to the House
Ethics Committee.
321
On November 28, 2012, the House Ethics Committee released the OCE’s
report about the matter, but did not announce any subsequent course of action.
322
On January 3,
2013, Rep. Reyes left office, ending the House Ethics Committee’s jurisdiction and effectively
ending the investigation.
323


313
Alec MacGillis, The Battleground, The New Republic, May 18, 2012.
314
Cook, Toledo Blade, May 21, 2012.
315
Press Release, The United States Attorney’s Office, Northern District of Ohio, Two Executives at North Canton
Company Indicted for Conspiracy to Violate Campaign Finance Laws, Obstruct Justice, September 25, 2013.
316
John Caniglia, Benjamin Suarez Denies Allegations During Hearing in U.S. District Court Regarding Campaign
Contributions, Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 8, 2013.
317
Sabrina Eaton, Rep. Jim Renacci urged Ohio Gov. John Kasich to Intervene in California dispute for Indicted
Campaign Donor, Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 6, 2013; James F. McCarty, Federal Grand Jury Indictment
Charges North Canton Businessman with Funneling Illegal Campaign Cash to Candidates, Cleveland Plain Dealer,
September 25, 2013.
318
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Silvestre Reyes, October 12, 2012.
319
Office of Congressional Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Silvestre Reyes, Review No.
12-0516, August 24, 2012.
320
Chris Good, Texas Rep. Silvestre Reyes Loses Re-Election Primary, ABC News, May 30, 2012.
321
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Silvestre Reyes, October 12, 2012.
322
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Silvestre Reyes, November 28, 2012.
323
Ramon Renteria, Protecting Fort Bliss Big Part of Silvestre Reyes’ Legacy to El Paso, El Paso Times, December
30, 2012.
Representative Laura Richardson (D-CA)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee.
324


Under Investigation for: Rep. Richardson was under investigation by the House Ethics
Committee for allegedly misusing her congressional staff.
325
The ethics committee investigated
whether her staff was forced to volunteer to work on Rep. Richardson’s 2010 re-election
campaign.
326
Previously, Rep. Richardson was investigated by the OCE and the House Ethics
Committee for allegations she knowingly received preferential treatment from a bank lender
while one of Rep. Richardson’s homes was in foreclosure.
327
On August 6, 2009, the OCE
referred the case to the House Ethics Committee recommending further review into the question
of preferential treatment.
328
On June 30, 2010, the House Ethics Committee dismissed that
investigation.
329


Status: On November 3, 2011, the House Ethics Committee voted to establish an investigative
subcommittee to determine whether Rep. Richardson broke any laws or House rules.
330
On
August 1, 2012, the committee issued a report concluding Rep. Richardson violated federal law
and House rules and even obstructed the committee’s investigation.
331
The committee
recommended the House of Representatives reprimand Rep. Richardson and fine her $10,000.
332

On August 2, 2012, the House of Representatives approved the fine and officially reprimanded
Rep. Richardson.
333

Representative David Rivera (R-FL)
Under Investigation by: The FBI, the IRS, and the Miami Dade Police.
334


Under Investigation for: The FBI and the IRS are looking at whether a family company
compensated Rep. Rivera for leading a pro-slots campaign for a dog track during his time in the

324
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Acting Ranking
Member of the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Laura Richardson, November 4, 2011.
325
Id.
326
Richard Simon, House to Launch Ethics Investigation of Rep. Laura Richardson, Los Angeles Times, November
3, 2011.
327
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Laura Richardson, Review
No. 09-4126, August 6, 2009.
328
Id.
329
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report on the
Matter of Representative Laura Richardson, July 1, 2010.
330
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, Nov. 4, 2011.
331
House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Report In the Matter of Allegations Relating to Representative
Laura Richardson, August 1, 2012.
332
Id.
333
John Bresnahan, House Votes to Reprimand Laura Richardson, Politico, August 2, 2012.
334
Scott Hiaasen and Marc Caputo, Feds Investigate Congressman David Rivera on Casino Contract, Miami Herald,
July 21, 2011.
state legislature.
335
Previously, Rep. Rivera was also under investigation by the Florida
Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE), the Miami-Dade State Attorney’s Office (MDSA),
and the Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) for the slots campaign; for his relationship
with a former lobbyist who received large payments from the Miami-Dade GOP while Rep.
Rivera chaired the organization; and his use of campaign funds.
336
The FBI and the Miami Dade
Police are also investigating Rep. Rivera for allegedly trying to influence the 2012 Democratic
primary for his congressional seat.
337
Rep. Rivera allegedly paid for at least one of the
candidate’s campaign mailers, directing an envelope full of cash to a campaign vendor, and was
involved with other aspects of his campaign.
338
On September 25, 2012, the Miami Herald
reported that the candidate, Justin Lamar Sternad, had told the FBI “that U.S. Rep. Daivd Rivera
was secretly behind his run for office.”
339
Finally, the FEC had been investigating whether Rep.
Rivera violated campaign finance laws by coordinating campaign activities with an independent
political organization.
340

On April 20, 2011, the FEC informed Rep. Rivera he is no longer under investigation for
potentially violating campaign finance laws by coordinating campaign activities with an
independent political organization.
341
On April 17, 2012, the Miami Herald reported that the
FDLE and the Miami-Dade State Attorney’s office had ended their investigations, despite
finding evidence of “possible criminal and ethical violations.”
342
The agencies decided not to
bring charges because it was difficult to prove that Rep. Rivera’s conduct actually violated state
laws and fell within the statute of limitations.
343


Status: On July 21, 2011, the Miami Herald reported that the FBI and IRS had opened an
investigation into the slots campaign and had begun interviewing witnesses.
344
On August 22,
2012, the Miami Herald reported the FBI and the Miami Dade Police had opened a separate
criminal investigation into Rep. Rivera’s involvement in Mr. Stenard’s candidacy.
345
On
November 6, 2012, Rep. Rivera lost his reelection bid, and on January 3, 2013, he left congress
at the end of his term.
346


335
Id.
336
Scott Hiaasen and David Ovalle, FDLE Takes Lead in David Rivera Probe, Miami Herald, January, 19, 2011;
Federal Election Commission, Complaint: MUR No. 6359, August 18, 2010; Scott Hiaasen and Patricia Mazzei, A
$500,000 Question Over Track’s Payments, Miami Herald, December 16, 2010; Scott Hiaasen, Patricia Mazzei and
Scott Caputo, Rep. Rivera’s Fundraising Consultant Collected $817,000 in Fees Since 2006, Miami Herald,
February 19, 2011; Scott Hiaasen and Patricia Mazzei , Investigators Look into Rep. Rivera’s ‘Thank You’
Spending, Miami Herald, January 15, 2011.
337
Manny Garcia and Marc Caputo, Rivera Ran Secret Campaign, Sternad Tells FBI, Miami Herald, September 25,
2012.
338
Id.
339
Id.
340
Federal Election Commission, Complaint: MUR No. 6359, Notification with General Counsel’s Report to David
Rivera, March 31, 2011.
341
Id.
342
Scott Hiaasen and Patricia Mazzei, U.S. Rep. David Rivera Won’t Face Criminal Charges in State Investigation,
Sources Tell Miami Herald, Miami Herald, April 17, 2012.
343
Id.
344
Hiaasen and Caputo, Miami Herald, July 21, 2011.
345
Marc Caputo and Manny Garcia, FBI, Miami-Dade Police Target Democratic Primary Candidate With Possible
Ties to Congressman David Rivera, Miami Herald, August 22, 2012.
346
Marc Caputo and Scott Hiaasen, The Political Rise and Fall of U.S. Rep. David Rivera, Miami Herald,
December 30, 2012.

Representative Peter Roskam (R-IL)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
347


Under Investigation for: Rep. Roskam is under scrutiny for a trip he and his wife took to
Taiwan in 2011.
348
Rep. Roskam was originally invited to visit Taiwan by the Taipei Economic
and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO) under the Mutual Educational and Cultural
Exchange Act, but when he decided to bring his wife on the trip, TECRO instead arranged for
the couple to be invited by Chinese Culture University (CCU), a private sponsor permitted to pay
for Mrs. Roskam’s travel.
349
A representative of TECRO provided Rep. Roskam’s office with an
official invitation from CCU and an itinerary saying the university was the sponsor. The House
Ethics Committee formally approved the trip in September 2011.
350
According to the OCE
report, however, CCU had no interaction with Rep. Roskam or his staff prior to the trip, and
TECRO officials continued to plan and arrange the trip.
351
The OCE found substantial reason to
believe that Rep. Roskam violated federal law and House rules by accepting a trip paid for by the
Taiwanese government.
352


Status: On June 13, 2013, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Roskam to the House
Ethics Committee.
353
On July 26, 2013, the chairman and ranking member decided to extend the
committee’s inquiry into Rep. Roskam’s conduct.
354
On September 11, 2013, the House Ethics
Committee announced it would continue to review the matter involving Rep. Roskam and release
the OCE’s report on the matter.
355
The OCE found there was substantial reason to believe Rep.
Roskam accepted an impermissible gift in violation of federal law and House rules.
356
On
November 15, 2013, the chairman and ranking member released the committee’s report on Rep.
Roskam and announced that the investigation was closed because there is “insufficient evidence
to show [Rep.] Roskam’s travel was improper.”
357





347
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Peter Roskam, July 26, 2013.
348
Katherine Skiba and Rick Pearson, Rep. Roskam Faces House Ethics Probe, Chicago Tribune, July 28, 2013.
349
Id.
350
John Bresnahan, Taiwan Trip Center of Peter Roskam Investigation, Politico, July 26, 2013.
351
Id.
352
Id.
353
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Peter Roskam, July 26, 2013.
354
Id.
355
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative Peter Roskam, Spetember 11, 2013.
356
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Representative Peter Roskam,
Review No. 13-9784, May 31, 2013.
357
House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, In the Matters of Allegations Relating to Travel to Taiwan by
Representatives William Owens and Peter Roskam in 2011, November 15, 2013.
Representative Jean Schmidt (R-OH)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
358


Under Investigation for: Rep. Schmidt was under investigation for allegedly improperly
receiving free legal services from a Turkish-American interest group, the Turkish Coalition of
America (TCA), and its legal defense fund, the Turkish American Legal Defense Fund.
359


Status: On May 18, 2011, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Schmidt to the House
Ethics Committee finding substantial reason to believe Rep. Schmidt violated two house rules.
360

On August 1, 2011, the House Ethics Committee concluded that Rep. Schmidt did, in fact, break
house rules, but did not do so knowingly, and therefore did not deserve an official sanction.
361

Following its investigation, the ethics committee sent a letter to Rep. Schmidt requiring her to 1)
ensure the TCA no longer pays her legal bills, 2) pay back the TCA’s lawyers for all their legal
fees to date, 3) amend her 2009 and 2010 financial disclosure forms to include the legal fees as a
gift, and 4) disclose any unpaid legal fees from TCA as liabilities on future financial disclosure
forms.
362


Representative Aaron Schock (R-IL)

Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee, the OCE, and the FBI.
363


Under Investigation for: Rep. Schock is under investigation for soliciting a $25,000
contribution for a super PAC from House Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-VA).
364
On March 15,
2012, Rep. Schock asked Rep. Cantor to contribute $25,000 to the Campaign for Primary
Accountability (CPA), a super PAC attacking incumbents.
365
Rep. Schock was working with the
group to support freshman Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-IL) over ten-term incumbent Rep. Dan
Manzullo (R-IL) in their primary race.
366
Rep. Cantor agreed, directing his PAC, ERICPAC, to
donate the money to CPA on the condition it only be used to support Rep. Kinzinger.
367
Federal
law prohibits elected officials from soliciting contributions of more than $5,000 for super

358
Jennifer Yachnin, Ethics Board Eyes Schmidt, Roll Call, February 15, 2011; Press Release, House Committee on
Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on Ethics Regarding Mr.
Michael Collins, Mr. Greg Hill, Representative Gregory Meeks, and Representative Jean Schmidt, July 1, 2011.
359
Id.
360
Office of Congressional Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Jean Schmidt, Review No.
11-6574, April 29, 2011.
361
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Jean Schmidt, August 5, 2011.
362
Id.
363
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Aaron Schock, December 14, 2012; Jake Sherman, John
Bresnahan, and Anna Palmer, FBI Begins Probe of Aaron Schock Spending, Politico, March 20, 2015.
364
Amanda Becker, House Ethics Confirms Cases of Owens, Schock, Roll Call, December 14, 2012.
365
John Stanton, Eric Cantor Gave $25K to Anti-Incumbent PAC to Aid Adam Kinzinger, Roll Call, April 6, 2012.
366
Id.
367
Id.
PACs.
368
In March 2015, the FBI began interviewing associates of Rep. Schock in relation to
serious questions about his campaign and office spending.
369


Status: On August 30, 2012, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Schock to the House
Ethics Committee.
370
On December 14, 2012, the chairman and ranking member decided to
extend the inquiry.
371
On March 17, 2015, Rep. Schock announced his resignation from
Congress.
372


Representative Pete Sessions (R-TX)
Under Investigation by: The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the
House Ethics Committee.
373


Under Investigation for: Rep. Sessions, along with three other congressmen, was under
investigation for receiving a mortgage from Countrywide Financial.
374
Rep. Sessions’
spokesperson said he “specifically requested that he not be extended any special benefits or
treatment from Countrywide” and that he believes “his simple request was honored.”
375


Status: In December 2011, Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA), chairman of the Oversight and
Government Reform Committee, referred Rep. Sessions’ case to the House Ethics Committee.
376

In July 2012, the Oversight and Government Reform Committee concluded its investigation and
published a report about Countrywide’s VIP loan program that included information on Rep.
Sessions.
377
The report concluded Countrywide did not offer Rep. Sessions special loan terms.
378

On December 27, 2012, the House Ethics Committee concluded its investigation of Countrywide
Loan recipients, including Rep. Sessions.
379
The committee determined its statute of limitations
had lapsed, rendering the investigation moot.
380
The committee did specifically compliment
Rep. Sessions, noting that the steps he took to reject any special treatment “are an excellent way
to avoid even the appearance of impropriety.”
381


368
Daniel Newhauser, Groups File FEC Complaint Against Aaron Schock, Roll Call, April 30, 2012.
369
Sherman, Bresnahan, and Palmer, Politico, March 15, 2015.
370
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Aaron Schock, December 14, 2012.
371
Id.
372
Jake Sherman, Anna Palmer, and John Bresnahan, Aaron Schock Resigns After New Questions About Mileage
Expenses, Politico, March 17, 2015.
373
John Bresnahan, Pete Sessions Got Countrywide VIP Loan, Politico, January 17, 2012.
374
Id.
375
Id.
376
John Emshwiller and Alan Zibel, Mozilo Tied to Loan to Top Lawmaker, Wall Street Journal, January 18, 2012.
377
House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, 112th Congress, How Countrywide Used its VIP Loan
Program To Influence Washington Policymakers, July 5, 2012.
378
Id.
379
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Allegations Concerning the “V.I.P.” Loan Unit of Countrywide Financial
Corporation, December 27, 2012.
380
Id.
381
Id.

Representative Pete Stark (D-CA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
382

Under Investigation for: Rep. Stark was investigated for receiving a Maryland homestead tax
credit while he was registered to vote in California.
383
The OCE found that Rep. Stark may have
violated Maryland law and ethics rules, and referred the matter to the House Ethics
Committee.
384

Status: On January 28, 2010, the House Ethics Committee concluded its investigation into Rep.
Stark, finding he had not violated House ethics rules.
385

Representative Cliff Stearns (R-FL)
Under Investigation by: The FBI.
386

Under Investigation for: Rep. Stearns is under investigation by the FBI for allegedly offering
his primary opponent money and job appointments in return for dropping out of the race.
387

Status: On August 14, 2012, Rep. Stearns lost his bid for reelection in the Republican primary,
and on January 3, 2013, he left Congress.
388
The status of the investigation is unknown.
Representative Steve Stockman (R-TX)

Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
389


Under Investigation for: Rep. Stockman is under investigation for accepting campaign
contributions from two of his congressional employees, making false statements on official
forms, and compensating part-time congressional employees on a full-time basis.
390
In February

382
Press Release, U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress,
Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct
regarding Representative Fortney “Pete” Stark, December 24, 2009.
383
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Representative Fortney
“Pete” Stark, January 28, 2010.
384
Id.
385
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct. 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct regarding Representative Fortney
“Pete” Stark, January 28, 2010.
386
Adam Kealoha Causey, Clay Clerk Accuses U.S. Rep. Cliff Stearns of Trying to Buy Him Out of the Race,
Florida Times-Union, March 7, 2012.
387
Id.
388
Joshua Miller, Cliff Stearns Concedes Defeat, Roll Call, August 15, 2012.
389
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Steve Stockman, June 11, 2014.
390
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113th Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Steve Stockman, Review
No. 13-6070, February 27, 2014, p 1-2 (OCE Report).
2013, Jason Posey and Thomas Dodd, who were employed in Rep. Stockman’s congressional
office, each contributed $7,500 to Rep. Stockman’s campaign.
391
The contributions were
originally attributed on FEC reports as having been made by Mr. Posey’s father and Mr. Dodd’s
mother respectively, but were later amended.
392
In December 2013, Rep. Stockman filed payroll
authorization forms with the House Office of Payroll and Benefits, purporting to document the
termination, for a single day, and subsequent re-hiring of Mr. Posey and Mr. Dodd from his
congressional staff.
393
The OCE determined that there is substantial reason to believe Rep.
Stockman, having been aware of the illegal nature of the contributions, failed to take steps to
ensure the accuracy of his campaign’s FEC reports.
394
During the course of the OCE review, it
was discovered that Rep. Stockman retained Mr. Posey and Mr. Dodd as congressional
employees who did not perform official duties commensurate with their official compensation.
395

On November 13, 2014, Rep. Stockman notified Congress that he and three of his aides were
subpoenaed by a federal grand jury in a criminal investigation.
396


Status: On February 27, 2014, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Stockman to the House
Ethics Committee.
397
On June 11, 2014, the chairman and ranking member decided to extend the
inquiry.
398
On March 4, 2014, Rep. Stockman lost a primary bid for the Republican Senate
nomination in Texas, and on January 6, 2015, he left congress at the end of his term.
399


Representative Bennie Thompson (D-MS)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
400

Under Investigation for: The House Ethics Committee investigated Rep. Thompson’s
acceptance of reimbursement expenses to attend a conference hosted by Carib News Foundation
in the Caribbean, as well as the Member Post Travel Disclosure Form he filed.
401


391
OCE Report, p. 10-11.
392
OCE Report, p. 10-12.
393
OCE Report, p. 20-21.
394
OCE Report, p. 25.
395
OCE Report, p. 27.
396
Matthew Daly, Steve Stockman Has Been Served, Huffington Post, November 13, 2014.
397
OCE Report, p 1.
398
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Steve Stockman, June 11, 2014.
399
Abby Livingston, John Cornyn Wins GOP Nomination for Senate in Texas, Roll Call, March 4, 2014.
400
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Bennie Thompson, Review
No. 09-2222, June 8, 2009; Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress,
Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June
24, 2009.
401
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report on the
Matter of the Carib News Foundation Multi National Business Conferences in 2007 and 2008, February 26, 2010.
Status: On June 8, 2009, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee,
recommending further review.
402
On June 24, 2009, the committee established an investigative
subcommittee to conduct an inquiry.
403
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
released a report finding that Rep. Thompson did not knowingly commit a violation, but
inadvertently received impermissible gifts of travel that required repayment.
404

Representative Mike Thompson (D-CA)
Under Investigation by: The OCE.
405

Under Investigation for: The OCE investigated whether Rep. Thompson’s support for the wine
industry benefitted his campaign donors or a vineyard he owns.
406
Rep. Thompson has received
more than $1 million in contributions from the alcoholic beverage industry since his election to
Congress, and he has been a major advocate for the industry.
407
Additionally, Rep. Thompson
has backed several proposals, including a special designation from the Treasury Department,
which would have enhanced the value of his own vineyard and other vineyards close by.
408

Status: In 2011, the OCE investigated Rep. Thompson’s actions, and, according to his
communications director, the OCE unanimously decided against further review.
409

Representative Todd Tiahrt (R-KS)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ, the OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
410

Under Investigation for: The investigation centered on whether Rep. Tiahrt exchanged
earmarks for campaign contributions from PMA Group lobbyists and clients.
411

Status: The OCE recommended further investigation into Rep. Tiahrt’s case, and said his
actions may have violated the law.
412
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the allegations against Rep. Tiahrt.
413
On May 27, 2010, the OCE said it had referred

402
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Bennie Thompson, Review
No. 09-2222, June 8, 2009.
403
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, June 24, 2009.
404
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Feb. 26, 2010.
405
Amanda Becker, Legal Fees Show Who Is Spending on Defense, Roll Call, February 15, 2012.
406
Id.; Eric Lipton, Congress’s Man of the Vines, Including His Own, New York Times, July 3, 2011.
407
Lipton, New York Times, July 3, 2011.
408
Id.
409
Becker, Roll Call, Feb. 15, 2012.
410
Carol D. Leonnig, 7 On Defense Panel Scrutinized, Washington Post, October 30, 2009.
411
Id.
412
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Report in the Matter of Allegations Related
to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA), February 26, 2010.
413
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report in the Matter
of Allegations Related to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA),
February 26, 2010.
evidence in the PMA Group investigation to the DOJ.
414
The status of the DOJ investigation is
unknown. Rep. Tiahrt lost his bid for Senate during the 2010 Republican primary.
415

Representative John Tierney (D-MA)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
416


Under Investigation for: Rep. Tierney was under scrutiny for failing to report income his wife,
Patrice, received from her brother on his personal financial disclosure forms or to the Internal
Revenue Service.
417
Federal prosecutors say Ms. Tierney, who served a month in federal prison
in 2011 after pleading guilty to assisting her brother in filing false tax returns, received about
$223,000 through a joint bank account with her brother Robert Eremian, who is a federal
fugitive.
418
Ms. Tierney managed the bank account.
419
The Tierneys have described the money
as a gift from a relative that did not need to be reported.
420
Ms. Tierney, however, has also
suggested the money was salary earned by working for her brother.
421
“I did a lot of work,” Ms.
Tierney testified during the federal gambling trial of her other brother, Daniel Eremian.
422

Status: The OCE found substantial reason to believe Rep Tierney’s wife earned income from a
source that was not disclosed in his financial disclosure statements and that he did not include in
their joint federal income tax returns.
423
On June 13, 2013, the OCE referred its investigation of
Rep. Tierney to the House Ethics Committee.
424
On September 11, 2013, the House Ethics
Committee said it had unanimously concluded the evidence was inconclusive and voted to end
its review of the matter without further action.
425

Representative Edolphus Towns (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the
House Ethics Committee.
426



414
Press Release, Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Office of Congressional Ethics
Regarding Evidence Collected in OCE’s PMA Investigation, May 27, 2010.
415
D’Aprile, Moran Bests Tiahrt in GOP Senate Primary, The Hill, August 4, 2010.
416
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative John Tierney, July 26, 2013.
417
Michael Rezendes, Ethics Panel May Scrutinize Rep. John Tierney, Boston Globe, July 26, 2013.
418
Id.
419
Id.
420
Id.
421
Rezendes, Boston Globe, July 26, 2013.
422
Id.
423
Office of Congressional Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Report, Review No. 13-1064, May 31, 2013.
424
Press Release, House Ethics Committee, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on
Ethics Regarding Representative John Tierney, July 26, 2013.
425
House Ethics Committee, 113
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to Representative John Tierney,
September 11, 2013.
426
John Emshwiller, Lawmakers Tied to VIP Loan Program, Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2012.
Under Investigation for: Rep. Towns, along with three other congressmen, was under
investigation for receiving a preferential mortgage rate from Countrywide Financial.
427
Rep.
Towns, a former Chairman of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee, said through a
spokesperson that he didn’t believe he received any special treatment from Countrywide.
428


Status: In December 2011, Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA), chairman of the Oversight and
Government Reform Committee, referred Rep. Town’s case to the House Ethics Committee.
429

In July 2012, the Oversight and Government Reform Committee concluded its investigation and
published a report about Countrywide’s VIP loan program that included information on Rep.
Towns.
430
On December 27, 2012, the House Ethics Committee concluded its investigation of
Countrywide Loan recipients, including Rep. Towns.
431
The committee determined its statute of
limitations had lapsed, rendering the investigation moot.
432
The committee also noted that a
member’s “mere inclusion” in the loan program “is not, in and of itself, a violation of any rules,
laws, or standards of conduct governing Members, officers, or employees of the House of
Representatives,” but cautioned members that “it is improper to knowingly use one’s position or
influence within the House of Representatives to obtain a personal benefit.”
433
The committee
determined some employees of the House may have improperly contacted Countrywide
government affairs officials about their loans, but none of the members in question had done
so.
434



427
John Emshwiller and Alan Zibel, Mozilo Tied to Loan to Top Lawmaker, Wall Street Journal, January 18, 2012.
428
John Emshwiller, Key Lawmaker Received Countrywide Loans, Wall Street Journal, August 7, 2009.
429
Emshwiller and Zibel, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 18, 2012.
430
House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, 112th Congress, How Countrywide Used its VIP Loan
Program To Influence Washington Policymakers, July 5, 2012.
431
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Allegations Concerning the “V.I.P.” Loan Unit of Countrywide Financial
Corporation, December 27, 2012.
432
Id.
433
Id.
434
Id.
Representative Pete Visclosky (D-IN)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ.
435

Under Investigation for: Rep. Visclosky was under investigation for his ties to the PMA
Group.
436
In fall 2008, the FBI raided the lobbying firm the PMA Group for potentially making
improper campaign donations to members of Congress.
437
Rep. Visclosky was one of the top
three recipients of donations from the firm and its clients.
438
In March 2009, Rep. Visclosky
returned over $18,000 in campaign contributions from the PMA Group’s board of directors and
lobbyists.
439

Status: On March 21, 2009, Rep. Visclosky’s campaign wrote a letter to the FEC seeking
permission to use campaign funds for legal expenses that may arise from the FBI’s investigation
into the PMA Group; in August, the FEC approved Rep. Visclosky’s request.
440
On May 29,
2009, it was reported that Rep. Visclosky was subpoenaed by a federal grand jury in regards to
the PMA Group investigation.
441
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
exonerated Rep. Visclosky.
442
Nonetheless, the OCE concluded, “There is probable cause to
believe that Rep. Visclosky solicited or accepted contributions or other items of value in
exchange for or because of an official act.”
443
On May 27, 2010, the OCE referred the
investigation to DOJ.
444

Representative Maxine Waters (D-CA)

Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
445



435
Carol D. Leonnig, 7 On Defense Panel Scrutinized, Washington Post, October 30, 2009; David D. Kirkpatrick
and Charlie Savage, Lawmaker Said to Surface in Lobbying Inquiry, New York Times, April 3, 2009.
436
Id.
437
Susan Schmidt, FBI Raids Defense-Related Lobbying Firm Linked to Murtha, Wall Street Journal, February 11,
2009.
438
Lindsay Renick Mayer, PMA Group and Clients Paid Out $40 Million to Current Congress, OpenSecrets.org,
March 12, 2009.
439
Maureen Groppe, Rep. Visclosky Gives Questionable Funds to Treasury, Journal and Courier, April 14, 2009.
440
Paul Singer, Visclosky Seeks to Use Campaign Funds for Legal Defense, Roll Call, April 20, 2009; Alex Knott,
FEC Approves Money for Visclosky Staffers, Roll Call, August 27, 2009.
441
John Bresnahan, Visclosky Subpoenaed by Federal Grand Jury, Politico, May 29, 2009.
442
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Its Report In the Matter
of Allegations Relating to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA),
February 26, 2010.
443
Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Report and Findings Related to Rep. Peter Visclosky, Review
No. 09-4486, December 2, 2009.
444
Press Release, Office of Congressional Ethics, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Office of Congressional Ethics
Regarding Evidence Collected in OCE’s PMA Investigation, May 27, 2010.
445
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representative Maxine
Waters, September 15, 2009.
Under Investigation for: Rep. Waters was under investigation for securing meetings between
officials at OneUnited Bank, a bank with which her husband has close financial ties, and officials
at the Treasury Department in regards to obtaining bailout funds.
446
Rep. Waters’ husband,
Sidney Williams, was once a member of the bank’s board of directors and his investments in the
bank are worth at least $350,000.
447
OneUnited Bank received a $12 million bailout.
448


Status: The OCE referred Rep. Waters’ case to the House Ethics Committee.
449
On October 29,
2009, the committee announced the formation of a subcommittee to investigate the
congresswoman, which on June 15, 2010, found Rep. Waters had violated three counts of House
rules and federal law.
450
On August 2, 2010, the committee formed an adjudicatory
subcommittee to evaluate the statement of alleged violations, but on November 19, 2010, the
committee delayed the trial, citing the discovery of new evidence, and questions emerged about
staff members’ conduct during the investigation.
451
On July 20, 2011, the committee appointed
an outside counsel, Washington attorney Billy Martin, to investigate the committee’s conduct
and Rep. Waters’ case.
452
On February 17, 2012, the committee announced that six members of
the ethics committee had voluntarily recused themselves from Rep. Waters’ case and that six
other members were selected as alternates for the investigation.
453
On June 6, 2012, the
committee issued a letter to Rep. Waters concluding that her due process rights had not been
violated.
454
On September 25, 2012, after Mr. Martin concluded his review, the committee
released a report finding Rep. Waters did not violate any House rules.
455
The committee found
Rep. Waters “recognized and made efforts to avoid a conflict of interest with respect to
OneUnited.”
456
The committee, however, concluded Rep. Waters’ chief of staff, Mikael Moore,
violated House rules by taking action on behalf of OneUnited and issued a letter of reproval to
Mr. Moore.
457



446
Jake Sherman, House Ethics Panel Probes Rep. Waters, Wall Street Journal, September 18, 2009.
447
Id.
448
Id.
449
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, September 15, 2009.
450
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representative Maxine
Waters, October 29, 2009; Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Investigative Subcommittee, 111
th

Congress, In the Matter of Representative Maxine Waters, Statement of Alleged Violations, Adopted June 15, 2010.
451
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representative Maxine
Waters, August 2, 2009; John Bresnahan and Jonathan Allen, Maxine Waters Ethics Trial Delayed, Politico,
November 19, 2010; John Bresnahan, Did Ethics Staff Taint Maxine Waters Probe?, Politico, July 18, 2011.
452
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member
Regarding the Matter of Representative Maxine Waters, July 20, 2011.
453
Letter from House Ethics Committee Chair Jo Bonner to Speaker of the House John Boehner, February 17, 2012.
454
Letter from House Ethics Committee Acting Chairman Robert Goodlatte and Acting Ranking Member John
Yarmuth to Representative Maxine Waters, June 6, 2012.
455
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Maxine Waters, September 25, 2012.
456
Id.
457
Letter from Acting House Ethics Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte and Acting Ranking Member John
Yarmuth to Mikael Moore, September 25, 2012.
Representative Melvin Watt (D-NC)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
458

Under Investigation for: Rep. Watt was under investigation by the OCE for fundraising before
voting on the 2009 financial regulatory reform bill.
459
In addition, the OCE was investigating a
Rep. Watt-sponsored amendment to the financial regulatory reform bill.
460
The amendment
would have put auto dealers who provide car financing under the oversight of a new regulator,
but two days after Rep. Watt’s fundraiser, he withdrew the proposal
461

Status: As of August 31, 2010, the OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics
Committee recommending dismissal.
462
On January 26, 2011, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the investigation.
463

Representative Anthony Weiner (D-NY)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee.
464


Under Investigation for: Rep. Weiner was under investigation for possible abuse of
government resources in connection with his inappropriate online contacts.
465
On May 28, 2011,
Rep. Weiner sent a lewd photo of himself from his Twitter account to a woman in Seattle.
466
He
falsely claimed his account had been hacked and said he had not sent the picture before finally
admitting that the picture “was of me, and I sent it.”
467
In addition, Rep. Weiner acknowledged
exchanging similar explicit messages with at least five other women.
468
Subsequent reports
raised questions about whether Rep. Weiner contacted these women using government resources,
and also suggested he may have used official resources to manage the public relations crisis.
469



458
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Staff Report In the Matter of Allegations
Relating to Fundraising Activities and the House Vote on H.R. 4173, January 26, 2011.
459
Id.
460
Susan Crabtree, House Ethics Office Investigation Advances, The Hill, June 25, 2010.
461
Id.
462
Id.
463
Press Release, Statement of the Chair and Ranking Republican Member on Standards of Official Conduct
Regarding Representatives John Campbell, Joseph Crowley, Jeb Hensarling, Christopher Lee, Frank Lucas, Tom
Price, and Melvin Watt, January 26, 2011.
464
Larry Margasak, AP Sources: Ethics Staff Beginning Weiner Inquiry, Associated Press, June 13, 2011.
465
Jennifer Epstein and Maggie Haberman, Anthony Weiner Admits Tweet, Will Not Resign, Politico, June 6, 2011.
466
Id.
467
Id.; Jonathan Allen and Ben Smith, Anthony Weiner: Hackers Posted Lewd Photos on Twitter, Politico, May 28,
2011.
468
Epstein and Haberman, Politico, June 6, 2011.
469
Susan Crabtree, Weiner Faces Mounting Legal and Ethics Questions Over Sexting Scandal, TPMMuckraker,
June 7, 2011.
Status: On June 13, 2011, the House Ethics Committee began a preliminary inquiry into Rep.
Weiner’s conduct.
470
On June 16, 2011, Rep. Weiner resigned from Congress, effectively ending
the House Ethics Committee’s investigation.
471

Representative Joe Wilson (R-SC)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
472

Under Investigation for: Rep. Wilson was under investigation by the committees for allegedly
improperly retaining excess per diem funds while on official travel.
473
The stipend is meant to
cover meals and travel expenses, and members are directed to return excess funds.
474
The OCE
began an investigation into Rep. Wilson in the spring of 2010, after he told the Wall Street
Journal he once used his per diem to purchase marble goblets in Kabul.
475
In addition, the ethics
committee was investigating the large number of foreign trips he had taken over the past eight
years.
476

Status: The OCE referred the investigation to the House Ethics Committee on July 30, 2010,
recommending further review.
477
On November 15, 2010, the Democratic chairwoman and the
Republican ranking member of the House Ethics Committee extended the investigation into Rep.
Wilson.
478
On December 31, 2010, the committee dropped the per diem investigation.
479

Representative David Wu (D-OR)

Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee.

Under Investigation for: On July 22, 2011, the Oregonian newspaper reported that a teenager
had accused Rep. Wu of initiating unwanted sexual contact with her in November 2010.
480
Rep.
Wu admitted to his aides that an encounter took place, but said the contact was consensual.
481


470
Margasak, Associated Press, June 13, 2011.
471
Raymond Hernandez, Weiner Resigns in Chaotic Final Scene, New York Times, June 16, 2011.
472
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
473
Id.
474
Letter from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Rep. Ike Skelton, May 13, 2010.
475
Brody Mullins and T.W. Farnam, Lawmakers Keep the Change, Wall Street Journal, March 2, 2010.
476
James Rosen, No Lie: Ethics Probe of Joe Wilson's Travel Wider Than Disclosed, McClatchy Newspapers,
September 4, 2010.
477
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the
Use of Per Diem on Official Trips, Staff Report, December 30, 2010.
478
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, November 15, 2010.
479
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Statement of the Chair and Ranking
Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding Representatives Robert
Aderholt, G.K. Butterfield, Eliot Engel, Alcee Hastings, Solomon Ortiz and Joe Wilson, December 31, 2010.
480
Charles Pope, Janie Har, and Beth Slovic, Sources: Young Woman Accuses Oregon Rep. David Wu of
Aggressive, Unwanted Sexual Encounter, Oregonian, July 22, 2011.
481
Id.
The woman is the daughter of Rep. Wu’s close friend and campaign donor.
482
In response to the
report, Rep. Wu said, “This is very serious, and I have absolutely no desire to bring unwanted
publicity, attention, or stress to a young woman and her family.”
483
Public officials in Oregon
called on Rep. Wu to resign immediately.
484


Status: On July 25, 2011, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) asked the House Ethics
Committee to investigate the accusations against Rep. Wu.
485
On August 3, 2011, Rep. Wu
resigned from Congress effective immediately, depriving the House Ethics Committee of
jurisdiction and effectively ending its investigation.
486

Representative C.W. Bill Young (R-FL)
Under Investigation by: The OCE and the House Ethics Committee.
487

Under Investigation for: The investigation centered on whether Rep. Young exchanged
earmarks for campaign contributions from PMA Group lobbyists and clients.
488

Status: The OCE closed its investigation into Rep. Young and recommended the House Ethics
Committee dismiss their investigation.
489
On February 26, 2010, the House Ethics Committee
dismissed the allegations against Rep. Young.
490

Representative Don Young (R-AK)
Under Investigation by: The House Ethics Committee and the OCE.
491


Under Investigation for: The House Ethics Committee investigated whether contributions to
Rep. Young’s legal defense fund exceeded legal limits.
492
Rep. Young set up the fund to pay for

482
Id.
483
Id.
484
John Bresnahan and Jonathan Allen, David Wu Won’t Resign; Nancy Pelosi Seeks Probe, Politico, July 24,
2011.
485
Letter from Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi to Ethics Committee Chairman Jo Bonner and Ethics Committee
Ranking Member Linda Sanchez, July 25, 2011.
486
Harry Esteve, Oregon Rep. David Wu Resigns, Candidates Scramble to Replace Him, Oregonian, August 3,
2011.
487
House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to the Lobbying
Activities of Paul Magliochetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA), Report No. 111-423, February 26, 2010.
488
Id.
489
Id.
490
Press Release, House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, 111
th
Congress, Statement of the Chair and
Ranking Republican Member of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Regarding its Report in the Matter
of Allegations Related to the Lobbying Activities of Paul Magliocchetti and Associates Group, Inc. (PMA),
February 26, 2010.
491
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Alcee L. Hastings and Representative Don Young, November
28, 2011.
492
Amanda Becker, Alcee Hastings, Don Young Face Possible Ethics Inquiries, Roll Call, November 28, 2011.
legal fees stemming from his multiple DOJ investigations.
493
Previously, the DOJ investigated
Rep. Young for his role in securing a $10 million earmark for the Coconut Road interchange in
Florida and his connection to convicted VECO executive Bill Allen, who confessed to directing
over $130,000 in illegal campaign contributions to Rep. Young’s campaign over 13 years.
494
On
August 4, 2010, Rep. Young announced the DOJ had dropped its investigation without pursuing
an indictment.
495
The House Ethics Committee also investigated Rep. Young for allegedly
accepting gifts that he failed to report on his annual financial disclosure statements, using
campaign funds for personal purposes and making false statements to federal officials.
496
The
investigation built on the earlier DOJ investigation.
497
In 2010, DOJ’s Public Integrity Section
referred information about Rep. Young’s failure to disclose hunting trips between 2001 and 2007
to the House Ethics Committee, suggesting it had found potential violations of the Ethics in
Government Act.
498
In the referral letter, DOJ Public Integrity Section Chief Jack Smith noted
Rep. Young’s attorney had previously provided the committee with information regarding the
hunting trips, suggesting the committee was already looking into the matter.
499
In a statement,
the House Ethics Committee confirmed it had begun gathering evidence in the Young
investigation during the 111
th
and 112
th
Congresses.
500



Status: On October 13, 2011, the OCE referred its investigation of Rep. Young to the House
Ethics Committee.
501
On November 28, 2011, the chairman and ranking member decided to
extend the committee’s inquiry.
502
On December 20, 2011, the committee unanimously
concluded Rep. Young had not violated any laws or rules.
503
On February 26, 2013, the House
Ethics Committee voted to establish an investigative subcommittee to look into the allegations
against Rep. Young.
504
On June 20, 2014, the House Ethics Committee announced that it had
adopted the investigative subcommittee’s report on Rep. Young, which found that he had
violated House rules and other laws by improperly using campaign funds for personal purposes
and by improperly accepting impermissible gifts.
505
The committee issued a letter of reproval.
506



493
Id.
494
Richard Mauer, Federal Prosecutors Drop Young Case, Anchorage Daily News, August 5, 2010.
495
William Yardley, No Charges After Inquiry of Lawmaker, New York Times, August 4, 2010.
496
Sean Cockerham, Ethics Panel Investigating Rep. Young Gifts, Campaign Funds, Anchorage Daily News, March
19, 2013.
497
Id.
498
Letter from Jack Smith, Chief, Public Integrity Section to Blake Chisam, Chief Counsel, House Committee on
Standards of Official Conduct, August 17, 2010 (Young FBI Documents, pp. 166-67).
499
Id.
500
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Don Young, March 19, 2013.
501
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, Nov. 28, 2011.
502
Id.
503
Press Release, House Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of
the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Don Young, December 20, 2011.
504
Id.
505
House Committee on Ethics, 113
th
Congress, In the Matter of Allegations Relating to Representative Don Young,
June 20, 2014.
506
Id.
Senator Roland Burris (D-IL)
Under Investigation by: The Senate Ethics Committee and the Illinois Sangamon County State
Attorney’s Office.
507

Under Investigation for: Sen. Burris was under investigation over his testimony concerning his
contacts with indicted former Governor Rod Blagojevich (D-IL) and Sen. Burris’ appointment to
the Senate.
508
While under oath, Sen. Burris has offered at least three different descriptions of
events, and admitted he had tried to raise money for the former governor.
509

Status: On June 19, 2009, state prosecutors said there was “insufficient evidence” to charge
Sen. Burris with perjury.
510
On November 20, 2009, the Senate Ethics Committee issued a letter
of “qualified admonition” to Sen. Burris “for actions and statements reflecting unfavorably upon
the Senate in connection with your appointment to and seating in the Senate.”
511
Sen. Burris did
not run for re-election in 2010.
512

Senator Kent Conrad (D-ND)
Under Investigation by: The Senate Ethics Committee.
513

Under Investigation for: Sen. Conrad was under investigation for possibly receiving a
preferential mortgage rate from Countrywide Financial.
514
Sen. Conrad admitted to talking to
Countrywide CEO Angelo Mozilo while looking for a mortgage, but denied knowingly receiving
special treatment from the company.
515

Status: On August 7, 2009, the Senate Ethics Committee said it found “no substantial credible
evidence” that Sen. Conrad violated Senate ethics rules, but said he “should have exercised more
vigilance” to avoid the appearance that he received preferential treatment because of his status as
a senator.
516

Senator Chris Dodd (D-CT)
Under Investigation by: The Senate Ethics Committee.
517


507
Monica Davey and Dirk Johnson, 2 Investigations Into Burris Are Begun, New York Times, February 17, 2009;
John Chase and Dan Blake, Burris Won't Face Perjury Charges, Chicago Tribune, June 20, 2009.
508
Davey and Johnson, New York Times, Feb. 17, 2009.
509
Id.
510
Chase and Blake, Chicago Tribune, June 20, 2009.
511
Letter from Senate Select Committee on Ethics to Senator Roland Burris, Public Letter of Qualified Admonition,
November 20, 2009.
512
Peter Slevin, Burris Exits on His Terms, Washington Post, July 11, 2009.
513
Letter from Senate Select Committee on Ethics to Senator Kent Conrad, August 7, 2009.
514
Id.
515
Ben Pershing, Ethics Panel to Probe Dodd, Conrad Mortgages, Washington Post, June 17, 2008.
516
Letter from Senate Select Committee on Ethics to Senator Kent Conrad, August 7, 2009.
517
Letter from Senate Select Committee on Ethics to Senator Christopher Dodd, August 7, 2009.
Under Investigation for: Sen. Dodd was under investigation for possibly receiving a
preferential mortgage rate from Countrywide Financial while he was serving as chairman of the
Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee.
518

Status: On August 7, 2009, the Senate Ethics Committee said it found “no substantial credible
evidence” that Sen. Dodd violated Senate ethics rules, but said he “should have exercised more
vigilance” to avoid the appearance that he received preferential treatment because of his status as
a senator.
519
Sen. Dodd did not seek reelection in 2010.
520

Senator John Ensign (R-NV)
Under Investigation by: The Senate Ethics Committee, the DOJ, and the FEC.
521

Under Investigation for: Sen. Ensign was under investigation for actions surrounding his affair
with a staffer.
522
Between December 2007 and July 2008, Sen. Ensign engaged in an affair with
Cynthia Hampton, who was at the time, his campaign and PAC treasurer.
523
Ms. Hampton was
married to Doug Hampton, then the senator’s administrative assistant.
524
In the spring of 2009,
Sen. Ensign agreed to end the affair and terminate the Hamptons’ employment.
525


As a part of the termination, Sen. Ensign agreed to provide “transition finances” to the
Hamptons.
526
On April 7, 2009, the Ensign Family Trust, which is controlled by Sen. Ensign’s
father, wrote a check for $96,000 to Cynthia and Doug Hampton and two of their children.
527

After the Hamptons received the money, Ms. Hampton left her job as the campaign’s
treasurer.
528
The Senate Ethics Committee’s special counsel determined that this payment
constituted an illegal severance payment violating campaign finance laws, as well as Senate rules
prohibiting unofficial office accounts.
529


When Mr. Hampton resigned from the Senator’s office on May 1, 2008, Sen. Ensign illegally
helped Mr. Hampton violate a one-year lobbying ban, and then assisted Mr. Hampton’s clients
with their legislative agendas.
530
The Senate Ethics Committee’s special counsel determined that
these actions violated federal lobbying laws.
531


518
Ben Pershing, Ethics Panel to Probe Dodd, Conrad Mortgages, Washington Post, January 17, 2008.
519
Letter from Senate Select Committee on Ethics to Senator Christopher J. Dodd, August 7, 2009.
520
Alex Isenstadt and Josh Kraushaar, Dodd Won’t Seek Reelection, Politico, January 6, 2010.
521
John Bresnahan and Manu Raju, John Ensign Will Face Investigation, Politico, January 25, 2010; Federal
Election Commission, Complaint: MUR No. 6200, First General Counsel’s Report, March 31, 2010.
522
Id.
523
Senate Select Committee on Ethics, 112
th
Congress, Report of the Preliminary Inquiry Into the Matter of Senator
John E. Ensign, May 10, 2011.
524
Id.
525
Id.
526
Id.
527
Report of the Preliminary Inquiry Into the Matter of Senator John E. Ensign, May 10, 2011.
528
Id.
529
Id.
530
Eric Lichtblau and Eric Lipton, Senator’s Aid After Affair Raises Flags Over Ethics, New York Times, October 1,
2009.
531
Report of the Preliminary Inquiry Into the Matter of Senator John E. Ensign, May 10, 2011.
Status: On May 3, 2011, Sen. Ensign resigned from Congress, depriving the Senate Ethics
Committee of jurisdiction.
532
Nevertheless, on May 12, 2011, the committee released its special
counsel’s findings. The report concluded that had Sen. Ensign not resigned, “the evidence that
would have been presented in an adjudicatory hearing [against him] would have been substantial
and sufficient to warrant the consideration of the sanction of expulsion.”
533
In addition, the
Senate Ethics Committee’s special counsel determined: There is substantial credible evidence
that Sen. Ensign and his parents made false or misleading statements to the FEC, that Sen.
Ensign engaged in potential obstruction of justice violations, that Sen. Ensign engaged in sexual
discrimination, and that Sen. Ensign engaged in improper conduct bringing discredit to the
Senate.
534

The Senate Ethics Committee also referred the report and its findings to the Department of
Justice and the FEC for further action.
535
The DOJ had previously informed Sen. Ensign that he
was no longer the target of its investigation.
536
On March 24, 2011, the DOJ indicted Mr.
Hampton, charging him with seven counts of violating the Honest Leadership and Open
Government Act’s one year lobbying ban.
537
The FEC’s general counsel had recommended that
the commission conduct a full investigation into the severance payment to the Hamptons, but the
commission voted not to pursue the matter.
538
It is unclear whether the DOJ or FEC have
reopened investigations.


532
Eric Lipton, Ensign Resigns, But Details of Ethics Probe May Yet Emerge, New York Times, April 22, 2011;
Emily Heil and David Drucker, Ensign Reflects, Apologizes in Farewell Speech, Roll Call, May 3, 2011.
533
Report of the Preliminary Inquiry Into the Matter of Senator John E. Ensign, May 10, 2011.
534
Id.
535
Id.
536
Ensign No Longer Target of DOJ Probe, Fox5Vegas.com, December 1, 2010.
537
United States v. Douglas Hampton, CR-11-085, Indictment of Douglas Hampton (D.D.C. 2011).
538
Federal Election Commission, Complaint: MUR No. 6200, Certification, November 18, 2010.
Senator Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Under Investigation by: The DOJ.
539

Under Investigation for: Sen. Menendez was under investigation by the Newark, NJ U.S.
Attorney’s Office and later the U.S. Attorney for the eastern district of Pennsylvania for
collecting rent from an anti-poverty group for which he helped win federal funds, the North
Hudson Community Action Corporation.
540
The group was run by a donor to Sen. Menendez’s
campaign.
541
In 2007, federal investigators began looking into Sen. Menendez’s relationship
with his former chief of staff, lobbyist Kay LiCausi, to determine whether the senator improperly
helped her or her clients win contracts and federal funding.
542

Status: On October 5, 2011, the U.S. Attorney handling the case informed Sen. Menendez’s
lawyer that the office had closed its investigation into Sen. Menendez.
543


539
David Kocieniewski, Inquiry Focuses on Former Aide to Menendez, New York Times, August 28, 2007.
540
Id.; Raju Chebium, Senator Robert Menendez Responds to Investigation Closure, Courier News, October 26,
2011.
541
Jeff Whelan and Josh Margolin, Feds Probe Menendez Rental Deal, Star-Ledger, September 8, 2006.
542
Kocieniewski, New York Times, Aug. 28, 2007.
543
Mark Mueller, Feds Tell Sen. Menendez 2006 Probe Now Closed, Subpoena Had Come in Heat of Election, Star
Ledger, October 23, 2011.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd