SULIT Nama : ……………………………………………..

SULIT 55/2 Sains Kertas 2 Ogos 2009 1 ½ jam MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009

55/2 No Maktab : …………………………….. 55/2

SAINS Kertas 2 Satu jam tiga puluh minit JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1 Tulis nama dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan. 2 3 Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa Markah Markah Bahagian Soalan Penuh Diperoleh 1 2 3 A 4 5 6 7 B 8 Jumlah 10 60 7 7 8 10 6 6 6

4

5

Kertas Soalan ini mengandungi 28 halaman bercetak [Lihat sebelah
55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

1

SULIT

For Examiner’s Use

SULIT

55/2

Section A Bahagian A [40 marks] [40 markah] Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan. 1 Diagram 1 shows the human excretory system. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sistem perkumuhan manusia.

P Q

: ………………..… : ……………..……

R

: ………….………

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 (a) On Diagram 1, label the organs P, Q and R using the following words: Pada Rajah 1, labelkan organ P, Q dan R menggunakan perkataan berikut:

Skin Kulit
1(a)

Lung Peparu

Kidney Ginjal [3 marks] [3 markah]

55/2

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

2

SULIT

SULIT

55/2

(b) Draw lines to match each system of the human body with its function. Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap sistem badan manusia dengan fungsi masing-masing. System Sistem Function Fungsi

For Examiner’s Use

To defend the body against disease. Untuk mempertahankan badan terhadap penyakit.

To digest food so that it can be readily absorbed. Untuk mencernakan makanan supaya ia mudah diserap.

To transmit messages to every part of the body. Untuk menghantar maklumat ke seluruh bahagian badan.

To support the weight of the body and protect internal organs. Untuk menyokong berat badan dan melindungi organ dalaman.
1(b)

[3 marks] [ 3 markah ]
Total A1

6
55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

3

SULIT

For Examiner’s Use

SULIT

55/2

2

Diagram 2.1 shows a situation at a camp site. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan situasi pada tapak perkhemahan.

Owl Burung hantu Iron rod Rod besi Boy H Budak lelaki H

Diagram 2.1 Rajah 2.1 (a) Based on Diagram 2.1, state the way of heat transfer from the burning firewood to: Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1, nyatakan cara pemindahan haba dari unggun api ke: (i) owl / burung hantu (ii) boy H / budak lelaki H
2(a)

: : :

…………………………….……………… ………………….……..….………………. ………………….………….………..……. [3 marks] [3 markah]

(iii) iron rod / rod besi

55/2

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

4

SULIT

......2 shows two different mugs.................. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) coffee in which mug will cool faster? Give the reason for the chosen mug................2 menunjukkan dua mug........ Rajah 2......................................... M and N containing equal volume of hot coffee left to cool for 10 minutes............. Berdasarkan Rajah 2.... ..... kopi dalam mug yang manakah akan menyejuk dahulu? Berikan sebab bagi mug yang dipilih....................................2.................... (i) state how most heat is lost from the hot coffee? nyatakan bagaimana haba paling banyak hilang daripada kopi panas? ….................2......SULIT 55/2 (b) Diagram 2........................ 2(b)(ii) [2 mark] [2 markah] Total A2 2(b)(i) 6 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 5 SULIT ......................………........……………………………….. M dan N mengandungi air kopi panas dengan isipadu yang sama dibiarkan menyejuk selama 10 minit........2 Based on Diagram 2..... For Examiner’s Use White ceramic mug Mug seramik putih M N Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam Diagram 2.....…………....................2 Rajah 2.. .......... Mug / mug Reason / sebab : : ....................

L dan M dalam satu habitat. K. Rajah 3.1. K.1 menunjukkan taburan organisma J.1 (a) Based on Diagram 3.1 shows the distribution of organisms J.1. 3(a)(ii) ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 6 SULIT . Berdasarkan Rajah 3.For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 3 Diagram 3. binakan rantai makanan yang lengkap. M K K J J L M J J M J M K J L J M M J J M J K M K J Diagram 3. (i) which organism represents the secondary consumer? organisma manakah yang mewakili pengguna sekunder? 3(a)(i) ………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) build a complete food chain. L and M in a habitat.1 Rajah 3.

............ menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji satu faktor yang diperlukan untuk fotosintesis...................................2 (i) The plant is kept in the dark for two days.................... Mengapa tumbuhan itu diletakkan dalam gelap? .............................2 Rajah 3. Pengeluar mensintesis makanan melalui fotosintesis...........................................................SULIT 55/2 (iii) Circle the animals which may represent M.. kemudian didedahkan kepada cahaya matahari........... [1 mark] [1 markah] (c) Diagram 3..... State the source of energy for the process... Bulatkan haiwan yang mewakili M.. Why is the plant kept in the dark? Tumbuhan diletakkan dalam gelap selama dua hari................ Rajah 3.......... Tiger harimau Grass Rumput Cow lembu [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) Producers synthesize food through photosynthesis.....2........... then exposed to sunlight.........2 shows the apparatus set up to study a factor needed for photosynthesis........ .. Black paper Kertas hitam For Examiner’s Use 3(a)(iii) 3(b) Diagram 3. [1 mark] [1 markah] 3(c)(i) 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 7 SULIT ............ Nyatakan sumber tenaga bagi proses ini..............

For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 (ii) The leaf that is covered with black paper is tested for the presence of starch.3.3 [1 mark] [1 markah] Total A3 6 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 8 SULIT . On Diagram 3. 3(c)(ii) Diagram 3.3 Rajah 3.3. shade the part of the leaf that turns blue black. lorekkan bahagian daun yang bertukarkepada biru gelap. Pada Rajah 3. Daun yang diliputi oleh kertas hitam diuji kehadiran kanji.

Q adalah tempat di mana proses persenyawaan antara nukleus sperma dan ovum bagi pembentukkan zigot.1 menunjukkan sistem pembiakan perempuan . [1 mark] [1 markah] 4(a)(ii) 4(a)(i) 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 9 SULIT .1. Labelkan Q dalam Rajah 4. namakan bahagian berlabel R. name the part labeled R. Rajah 4.1.1.1 Rajah 4.1 shows a female reproductive system. For Examiner’s Use R Diagram 4.1 . Berdasarkan Rajah 4.SULIT 55/2 4 Diagram 4. Label Q in Diagram 4.1 (a) (i) Based on Diagram 4. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Q is the place where the process of fusion between nucleus of sperm and ovum to form a zygote.

.……………………… 4(b) …………………………………………………………. Rajah 4.2 shows a method of birth control in female reproductive system..……………………… …………………………………………………………. Berdasarkan Rajah 4.……………………… …………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………. Terangkan bagaimana ia berfungsi. Name the device K Namakan alat K : ………………….2 menunjukkan satu kaedah pencegahan kehamilan dalam sistem pembiakan perempuan.2.……………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 10 SULIT .2 Rajah 4.For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 (b)Diagram 4.……………………………… Describe how it works..2 Based on the Diagram 4. Device K Alat K Diagram 4..2.

...........................3............................................................ terangkan jawapan dalam (c)(i)....................................................................................... For Examiner’s Use J Diagram 4........................................................... Berdasarkan Rajah 4....... ) dalam kotak disediakan bagi bunga yang didebungakan 4(c)(i) [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) explain for the answer in (c)(i)........................... (i) mark ( tandakan ( oleh angin.......... .................... 4(c)(ii) [2 marks] [2 markah] Total A4 7 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 11 SULIT ...... K ) in the box provided for wind pollinated flower........3.. ............ ............ Rajah 4.......3 Based on the Diagram 4.......................... ..........................3 Rajah 4...SULIT 55/2 (c) Diagram 4................................................................3 shows two types of flower J and K.........3 menunjukkan dua jenis bunga J dan K.......................

Rajah 5.…………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 12 SULIT .For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 5 Diagram 5. 5(a)(ii) …………. menunjukkan dua jenis penjana M dan N.1 N (a) (i) State the source of energy used by each generator. M : 5(a)(i) …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] N : (ii) State the energy change involved in generator M. Nyatakan sumber tenaga yang digunakan oleh setiap penjana. shows two types of generator M and N. Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang terlibat dalam penjana M. Turbine Turbin Turbine Turbin M Diagram 5.1.1 Rajah 5.1.

State the difference in the function of J and K.……………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 5(b)(ii) 5(b)(i) 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 13 SULIT .2 menunjukkan sistem penghantaran dan pengagihan elektrik.2 Rajah 5. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) What is the advantage of National Grid Network? Apakah kelebihan Rangkaian Grid Nasional? ………………………………………………………………………………………… ….SULIT 55/2 Diagram 5.………………………….2 (b) (i) J and K are two types of transformers. National Grid Network Rangkaian Grid Nasional For Examiner’s Use J K Diagram 5. J dan K merupakan dua jenis tranformer. Rajah 5...2 shows electricity transmission and distribution system. Nyatakan perbezaan fungsi J dan K..

Rajah 5.3.3. menunjukkan sebuah periuk nasi elektrik. shows an electric rice cooker. Cadangkan nilai fius yang paling sesuai digunakan. Diagram 5.3 Calculate the current flow in an electric rice cooker labeled 3000 watts and 240 volts.3 Rajah 5. Suggest the most suitable fuse that can be used. Gunakan formula berikut: Current = Power Voltage Kuasa Voltan Arus = 5(c) The most suitable fius can be used is Fius yang paling sesuai digunakan ialah : ___________ A [2 marks] [2 markah] Total A5 7 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 14 SULIT .For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 (c) Diagram 5. Use the following formula: Hitungkan arus yang mengalir dalam periuk nasi elektrik yang bertanda 3000 watt dan 240 volt.

1 Rajah 6. Dalam kotak yang disediakan pada Rajah 6. Nm kerja [1 marks] [1markah] 6(a)(iii) 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 15 SULIT . lukiskan anak panah bagi menunjukkan arah daya yang menentang pergerakan beban.1 (a) (i) In the box provided in Diagram 6. Gunakan formula berikut: Work done = Kerja = Force X Distance Daya X Jarak 6(a)(i) Work done : …………………. Platform Pelantar For Examiner’s Use Load Beban 2 metre 2 meter Diagram 6. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Name the force for the answer in (a)(i). Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan seorang lelaki menarik beban 50kg menaiki satah condong ke pelantar (Andaikan 1kg = 10N).1. ……………………………………………………………………………… 6(a)(ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] (iii) Calculate the work done. Namakan daya bagi jawapan dalam (a)(i).SULIT 55/2 6 Diagram 6.1 shows a man pulling a load of 50kg up an inclined plane to the platform (Assume 1kg = 10N). draw an arrow to show the direction of force that opposes the motion of load.1. Use the following formula: Hitungkan kerja yang dilakukan.

............. terangkan jawapan dalam (c)(i).......... Rajah 6..............For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 (b) Diagram 6...2 menunjukkan dua jenis basikal bukit P dan Q dengan tayar yang berbeza bunga............. 6(b)(i) …………………………................... [2 marks] [2 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 16 SULIT .........2 shows two mountain bikes P and Q with tyres of different threads........................................ Berdasarkan Rajah 6........................................2 Rajah 6.... [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) explain for the answer in (c)(i)........................... (i) which mountain bike is more suitable to ride up a hill................………………………………………………………....2. basikal bukit yang manakah lebih sesuai untuk mendaki bukit...2 Based on Diagram 6.......... Mountain bike P Basikal bukit P Mountain bike Q Basikal bukit Q Diagram 6...........2.......... ........... 6(b)(ii) .

………………………………………………………………………………. sekiranya masalah ini tidak diselesaikan? ………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah] 6(c)(ii) 6(c)(i) Total A6 8 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 17 SULIT .3 shows. if the problem is not overcome? Apakah kesan.SULIT 55/2 (c) Diagram 6. Rajah 6. (i) State one way to overcome the problem without unloading the trolley. Berdasarkan Rajah 6.3 Rajah 6. Nyatakan satu cara untuk menyelesaikan masalah ini tanpa mengeluarkan beban di dalam troli. ……………………………………………………………………………….3 Based on diagram 6. ……………………………………………………………………………….3 menunjukkan seorang lelaki mendapati sukar untuk menolak troli yang tayarnya tersekat. [1 mark] [1 markah] (iii) State the effect. a man find it is hard to push a trolley with stuck tyres.3. For Examiner’s Use Diagram 6.3.

Jawab semua soalan. Plants Additional support part Tumbuhan Bahagian sokongan tambahan Orchid Orkid Cucumber Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau [4marks] [4markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA SULIT 18 . Orchid Orkid Cucumber Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau Diagram 7. Nyatakan bahagian tumbuhan yang membeir sokongan tambahan pada setiap tumbuhan.1 Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan empat jenis tumbuhan dengan sistem sokongan berbeza. Rajah 7. 7 Diagram 7.1 shows four types of plants with different support systems.1 7(a) (a) State the parts of the plants that provide additional support to each of the plants.For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 Section B Bahagian B [20marks] [20 markah] Answer all questions.

cucumber. timun. Kelaskan tumbuhan kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan pada bahagian yang memberi sokongan tambahan. rose Orkid. ros For Examiner’s Use Common characteristics Ciri sepunya Name of the plant Nama tumbuhan 7(b) [4 mark] [4 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 19 SULIT .SULIT 55/2 (b) Classify the plants into two groups based on the part that provide additional support. mangrove tree. pokok paya bakau. Orchid.

2 menunjukkan satu aktiviti yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji sistem sokongan dalam tumbuhan.For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 (c) Diagram 7.2.2 Based on Diagram 7. …………………………………………………………………………………… Total A7 …………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 10 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 20 SULIT . 7(d) Ramalkan apa yang berlaku pada tumbuhan akuatik apabila pemberat dikeluarkan dari bikar Q.2 shows an activity to study the support system in a plant.2. Rajah 7. state one inference from the activity. nyatakan satu inferens daripada aktiviti ini.2 Rajah 7. Beaker Q Bikar Q Water air Aquatic plant Tumbuhan akuatik Weight pemberat Diagram 7. 7(c) …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) Predict what will happen to the aquatic plant if the weight is remove from beaker Q. Berdasarkan Rajah 7.

Conditon Keadaan Before Sebelum After Selepas For Examiner’s Use 100ml water at 80oC in glass P 100ml air pada suhu 80oC dalam cawan P 100ml water at 35oC in glass Q 100ml air pada suhu 35oC dalam cawan Q Diagram 8. saiz gula kiub ditunjukkan dalam Rajah. Rajah 8. (a) (i) What inference can be made? Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat? ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) State one hypothesis.SULIT 55/2 8 Diagram 8. Nyatakan satu hipotesis.1.. After five minutes. Selepas lima mini.1 Rajah 8. the size of sugar cube is as shown in the diagram.1 shows a sugar cube of similar size added to glass P and Q.1 Based on your observation in diagram 8. Berdasarkan pada pemerhatian daripada Rajah 8. ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… 8(a)(ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] 8(a)(i) 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 21 SULIT .1.1 menunjukkan satu gula kiub yang sama saiz dimasukan ke dalam gelas P dan Q.

600C.2 Rajah 8.2 shows the apparatus set-up to study the effect of water temperature on the rate of dissolving. Tambahkan 5 gram gula halus ke dalam air.2 The student takes the following the steps: Pelajar itu menjalankan langkah-langkah di berikut: Step 1 : Langkah 1 : Step 2 : Langkah 2 : Step 3 Langkah 3 Step 4 Langkah 4 : : : : Fill a beaker with 100 ml distilled water at 40 0C Isikan sebuah bikar dengan 100ml air suling bersuhu 40 0C Add 5 grams of fine sugar to the water. Record the time taken for the fine sugar completely dissolve. Repeat steps 1 to 3 are by using temperature water at 500C. Kacau larutan tersebut. Step 5 Langkah 5 : : 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 22 SULIT .3 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji kesan suhu air ke atas kadar ketelarutan.For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 b) Diagram 8. Stir the mixture. Rajah 8. Stir Kacau Thermometer Jangka suhu 5g of fine sugar 5g gula halus Diagram 8. Ulang langkah 1 hingga 3 dengan menggunakan air bersuhu 500C. 700C and 800C. 700C and 800C. Catatkan masa yang diambil untuk gula halus larut sepenuhnya. 600C.

. Rajah 8.SULIT 55/2 Diagram 8. Temperature (0C) Suhu (0C) Time (s) Masa (s) Reading Bacaan For Examiner’s Use 55 400C Reading Bacaan 500C Reading Bacaan 41 600C 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 23 SULIT .3 shows time taken for the fine sugar to dissolve completely.3 menunjukkan masa yang diambil oleh gula untuk larut sepenuhnya.

3. record the readings of the stopwatch and complete Table 8.4 Temperate of water Mass of solute (g) Time taken for sugar to Suhu air ( 0C ) Jisim bahan larut (g) completely dissolve (s) Masa diambil untuk gula larut sepenuhnya (s) 40 50 60 70 80 8(b)(i) 5 5 5 5 5 Table 8.4.4 55 41 34 27 [1 marks] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 24 SULIT .3 (b) (i) Based on Diagram 8.4 Jadual 8.For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 Reading Bacaan 34 700C Reading Bacaan 27 800C Diagram 8.3 Rajah 8.4 Berdasarkan Rajah 8.rekodkan bacaan jam randik dan lengkapkan Jadual 8.

lukis graf masa lawan suhu. Based on the reading in Table 8.4.4. Gunakan graf yang disedikan dihalaman 26 untuk menjawap bahagian soalan ini.SULIT 55/2 (ii) State the variables involved in this experiment: Nyatakan pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini: For Examiner’s Use Manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan Responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan Volume of water // mass of fine sugar Isipadu air // jisim gula halus 8(b)(ii) [2 marks] [2 markah ] (iii) Use the graph provided on page 26 to answer this part of the question. Berdasarkan bacaan dalam Jadual 8. draw a graph of time against temperature. 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 25 SULIT .

For Examiner’s Use SULIT 55/2 Graph for Question 8(b)(iii) Graf untuk soalan 8(b)(iii) Time / s Masa / s 100 80 60 40 20 20 40 60 80 100 Temperature / 0C Suhu / 0C 8(b)(iii) [2 marks] [2 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 26 SULIT .

.................. ..............................................................................................................SULIT 55/2 (c) Based on Graph 8(b)(iii)................. [1 mark] [1 markah] (e) Define operationally the meaning of the rate of dissolving........................................................................... .................. ................ state the relationship between the temperature of water and the time taken for sugar to dissolve completely........................ [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) Predict the time taken for fine sugar to dissolve completely in 100ml water at 650C................................................................. ......................... Definasikan secara operasi kadar ketelarutan........................................................................... nyatakan hubungan antara suhu air dan kadargula larut sepenuhnya.. ................. Ramalkan masa yang di ambil untuk gula halus larut sepenuhnya dalam 100ml air yang bersuhu 650C ...................................................................................................... .......................... [1 mark] [1 markah] For Examiner’s Use 8(c) 8(d) 8(e) Total A8 10 END OF THE QUESTIONS KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 27 SULIT .. Berdasarkan Graf 8(b)(iii)......................................................................................................................................................................................

. neatly cross out the answer that you have done. batalkan dengan kemas jawapan yang telah dibuat. If you wish to change your answer. The time suggested to answer Section A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian: Bahagian A dan Bahagian B. Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan. 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 28 SULIT . Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper. You may use a non-progammable scientific calculator. Hand in this question paper at the end of the examination. Tulis jawapan anda dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 60 minit dan Bahagian B ialah 30 minit. Serahkan kertas soalan ini di akhir peperiksaan. ini membantu anda mendapat markah. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram. Tunjukkan kerja kira-mengira. Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru.. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in the brackets.SULIT 55/2 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON This question paper consists of two sections: Section A and Section B. Then write down the new answer. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. it may help you get marks. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan . Show your working. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan.

Q and R correctly Answer P : Lung // Peparu Q: Skin // Kulit R : Kidney // Ginjal Note: Tak boleh salah ejaan Able to system of the human body with its function correctly Answer Marks 1 1 1 3 (b) 1 1 1 Note: Mark wrong if one system is matched with more than one function or vice versa. 2009 1 ½ hour SULIT MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009 ANSWER SCHEME SCIENCE PMR PAPER 2 Question Mark Scheme 1(a) Able to label P.@2009 Hakcipta MARA 55/2 SCIENCE OGOS. Total SULIT 3 6 1 .

@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 2(a) Able to state how heat is transferred correctly i) Owl / Burung hantu : ii) Boy H / Budak lelaki H: iii) Iron rod / Rod besi: Convection // Radiation Perolakan // Radiasi Radiation // Radiasi Conduction // Konduksi SULIT Marks 1 1 1 3 (b)(i) Able to state the method of heat lost correctly Radiation // radiasi Able to identify coffee in which mug will cool faster N // Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam Able to give correct reason Black mug is a good radiator // give out heat better Mug hitam adalah pemancar haba yang baik // membebaskan / menghilangkan haba lebih baik 1 1 (ii) 1 1 2 Total 6 SULIT 2 .

Answer Sun // Sunlight Matahari // suria // solar Note: Also accept light (c)(i) Able the give reason why plant kept in the dark correctly. SULIT 3 . Answer To destarch / remove starch // to prevent photosynthesis Menyahkan / menghilangkan kanji // menghalang fotosintesis (ii) Able to shade the part of the leaf that turns blue black correctly Answer Note: Part that turn blue black 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 Note: Must shade both part to get one mark.@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 3(a)(i) Able to state the organism correctly Sample answers K Note: Accept symbol with letter (ii) Able to build a complete food chain correctly Sample answers JMKL Note: mesti terdiri dari 4 organisma huruf mesti sama dalam soalan (iii) Able to circle the correct animal which may M Answer SULIT Marks 1 1 1 1 1 1 (b) Able to state the source of energy correctly.

@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 4(a)(i) Able to name the part R correctly Answer Uterus (wall) // Lining of the uterus (Dinding) rahim // Pelapik uterus Note: Also accept womb (ii) Able to label Q where fertilization occur correctly Answer Q SULIT Marks 1 1 1 1 (b) Able to name device K and describe how it work correctly Answer Name of device : IUCD (Intrauterine contraceptic device) // IUD Describe how its work: Prevent implantation (of fertilized ovum) / embryo Menghalang penempelan (ovum yang telah disenyawakan) / embrio Note: Name Describe Mark / / 2 marks / X 1 mark X / O mark 1 1 2 (c)(i) Able to mark wind pollinated flower correctly 1 1 SULIT 4 .

pt1. (function) .Long filament // Stamen dangle / hang outside the flower Filamen panjang // Stamen tergantung di luar bunga pt2.Expose pollen grain to wind Mendedahkan butir debunga ke angin Note: Any one correct pair (Charteristic + function) Total 7 SULIT 5 . (Characteristic) . (Characteristic) .@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question (ii) Mark Scheme Able to explain correctly Sample answers 1.Expose to wind // to trap pollen (effectively) Terdedah kepada angina // untuk memerangkap butir debunga Or SULIT Marks 1 1 2 2.Has a large / long / feathery stigma // Stigma outside the flower / with long style Mempunyai stigma besar / panjang / berbulu // Stigma berada diluar bunga / dengan stil yang panjang. (function) . pt2. pt1.

Membenarkan mana-mana stesen kuasa ditutup bagi penyelenggaraan. Note: Should have comparison between J and K Able to give the advantage of National Grid Network correctly Sample answers . Answer M : Water / hydro Air N : Natural gas / petroleum Gas asli // petroleum Reject: Hydroelectric (ii) Able to state the energy change involved in generator M correctly . Answers Transformer J will increase the (output) voltage while K will lower the (output) voltage Transformer J akan menambahkan voltan (output) sementara K akan merendahkan voltan (output).To ensure uninterrupted electrical power supply // Untuk memastikan bekalan kuasa electric tidak terganggu .@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 5(a)(i) Able to state the source of energy used in M and N correctly. (Any one only) SULIT Marks 1 1 2 1 1 (b)(i) 1 1 (ii) 1 1 SULIT 6 .Potential (energy)  Kinetic (energy)  Electric (energy) // .To prevent the wastage of electrical energy / lessen the cost Untuk mengelakkan pembaziran tenaga electric / menggurangkan kos .Potential (energy)(mechanical)Kinetic (energy) Electric (energy) // . Sample answers .Enable any particular power plant to be shut down for maintenance.Potential(Energy)Kinetic(energy)Mechanical(energy) Electric (energy) (Any one only) Able to state the difference between in the function of J and K.

@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 5(c) Able to calculate the current flow and give suitable fuse in an electric rice cooker correctly Answer Current = 3000 240 = 12.5 A Most suitable fuse: 13 A Reject: Other answer SULIT Marks 1 1 2 Total 7 SULIT 7 .

Menggunakan minyak / gris / pelincir pada tayar. Able to state one way to overcome the problem correctly. The surface of the tyre has more threads / is rougher Permukaan tayar yang mempunyai lebih bunga / benang / kasar. Sample answer Apply oil / grease / lubricant to the tyre. Sample answer . Menambahkan daya geseran / cengkaman pada permukaan (bukit) lebih baik. Answer (Bicycle) Q Able to explain for answer in (b)(i).The tyre will wear out quickly // hauskan tayar lebih cepat (Any one) 1 1 (iii) 1 1 b(i) 1 1 (ii) 1 1 2 c(i) 1 (ii) 1 2 total 8 SULIT 8 . Answers Frictional force Daya geseran Able to calculate the work done Answer Work done = (50 X 10) X 2 = 1000 Nm Able to state the mountain bike that is suitable to ride up a hill. Answer pt1. To increase the frictional force /grip the surface (of the hill) better. pt2.@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 6(a)(i) Able to draw direction of force correctly Sample answers SULIT Marks 1 1 (ii) Able to give name the force for the answer in(a)(i).Produces unnecessary heat // noise //menghasilkan bunyi yang tidak diperlukan . Able to state the effect correctly.Waste/ use a lot energy // membazirkan tenaga .

(Additional) support not through stem / tendrils 2 1. cucumber. pokok paya bakau. mangrove tree. (Additional) support not through roots 3. cucumber. rose 1. timun. (Additional) support through roots 2. Sample answers Orchid. rose Orkid. (Additional) support through roots 3. orchid. rose 3. ros 1. (Additional) support through stem / tendrils 1. cucumber. 2 4 SULIT 9 . (Additional) support through stem 2. mangrove tree 3. rose 2.@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 7(a) Able to state part of the plant at provide additional support. mangrove tree Note: Accept any relevant answer. mangrove tree 2. Sample answers Type of plant Orchid Cucumber Rose Mangrove Part of additional support Roots / clasping roots Akar / akar cengkam Stem /tendrils Batang / sulur paut Stem / thorns Batang / duri Roots / stilt roots Akar / akar jangkang SULIT Marks 1 1 1 1 4 (b) Able to state the common characteristics and name the plant correctly. orchid.orchid. cucumber.

@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 7(c)(i) Able to state inference correctly Sample answers .The aquatic plant will float Tumbuhan aquatic akan terapung 1 1 Total 10 SULIT 10 .The aquatic plant is upright because it is supported by the buoyancy of water.The position of the aquatic plant depends on the presence of water Kedudukan tumbuhan aquatic bergantung kepada kehadiran air [any one] SULIT Marks 1 1 Able to predict what happen to the plant correctly Answers . Tumbuhan aquatic tegak kerana disokong oleh daya apungan air (ii) .

Semakin tinggi suhu air. the size of sugar kiub depend on the temperature of water/ hotness Saiz gula kiub dipengaruhi oleh suhu / kepanasan air [Any one] Reject: Answer regarding rate of dissolving / time. semakin kecil saiz gula kiub / sebaliknya Able to record correct reading Answer 48sec Able to state the manipulated and responding variable correctly Answer Manipulated variable : temperature of water / suhu air Responding variable : time taken to fine sugar dissolve /masa yang diambil untuk gula halus larut 1 1 (b)(i) 1 1 (ii) 1 1 2 SULIT 11 .@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 8(a)(i) Able to state one inference correctly Sample answers 1. the smaller the size of sugar cube/ vise versa. 2. the temperature of water affect / influence the size of sugar cube Suhu air mempengaruhi saiz gula kiub. SULIT Marks 1 1 (ii) Able to state hypothesis Sample answer The higher temperature of water.

the shorter time taken for sugar dissolves. Kadar keterlarutan ialah masa yang diambil untuk gula melarut pada suhu yang berbeza. Vice versa. 1 1 (d) 1 1 (e) 1 total 1 10 SULIT 12 . sebaliknya Reject: Temperature affect time taken for sugar dissolve.@2009 Hakcipta MARA Question Mark Scheme 8(b)(iii) Able to draw graph of time against temperature correctly Answers SULIT Marks 1 1 2 X X X X X (c) Note: Able to plot all point correctly Able to joint all the point smoothly Able to state relationship correctly Answers The higher temperature of water. Able to predict time taken correctly Answers (37+1sec) Able to define operationally the meaning of rate of dissolving Answers The rate of dissolving is the time taken for sugar to dissolve (at different temperature). semakin singkat masa diambil untuk gula melarut. Semakin tinggi suhu air.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful