Guide for Interpretation of NASTRAN Outputs

Isotropic plate elements: • X direction in output (X normal stress, X membrane forces, etc.) is defined by the element first edge. Element first edge is defined as a vector between nodes one and two of the element. • Y direction is normal to the x direction Laminate elements: • X direction in output (Ply 1 X normal stress, Ply 1 X normal Strain, etc.) is defined by the ply material direction, relative to the material angle for the element. For instance, for a 0° ply, the X direction is the same as the material angle. For a 45° ply the X direction is 45° from the material angle. • Y direction is defined as normal to the x direction for each ply. • Membrane forces (running loads), such as “Plate X Membrane Force,” are defined by the element first edge, like for isotropic plate elements.

Output coordinate system: • The command transform output coordinate system appears to let you change the output coordinate system for a given node. However, this is NOT what this command does. The output displacements of the node will still be in global coordinates (Coord. System 0). What this command does is change the coordinate system that constraints (nodal or MPC’s) are defined in. For instance if you want to constrain movement along a hingeline, set up a coordinate system along the hingeline and change to this output coordinate system before applying the constraint. • In order to transform membrane forces into another coordinate direction, it is necessary change the element into an isotropic plate element, (not a laminate) and then use the “Model-OutputTransform” command. See separate sheet for direction on how to do this.

Prepared by Joe Wilding, Scaled Technology Works


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