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• By the 1930s. .History of Bollywood • Raja Harishchandra (1913). by Dadasaheb Phalke. was the first silent feature film made in India. the industry was producing over 200 films per annum • The period from the late 1940s to the 1960s are regarded by film historians as the "Golden Age" of Hindi cinema.
etc . the pendulum swung back toward family-centric romantic musicals • The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity in the world. animation.History of Bollywood • The 1960s and early 1970s were of romantic movies and action films with big star actors. This led the nation's filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality. cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances in areas such as special effects. • During the late 1980s and early 1990s.
(recession not taken into account) . is worth about Rs.15 billion) and is forecast to more than double to Rs. of movies made.Facts • The movie industry is one of the most exciting and fastest-growing businesses in the world.17500 crore ($4. • Bollywood.43 billion) by 2011.8500 crore (as of 2007) ($2. the world's largest film industry by ticket sales and no.
Some facts World’s biggest movie industry 1000 movies annually Technology of film making one of the best. Employs more than 6 million people (most contract workers) • India’s movie industry. personality oriented and family dominated.highly informal. • • • • .
Revenue can reach $1 bn and worldwide gross revenues are now over $40 bn annually for the global film industry. .Yet its revenue earned is only 4% of Hollywood.
a.000 crores.Growth of Bollywood Today Bollywood is growing at a rate of 9%p.11.000 crores If Bollywood maintains this rate then soon by the end of 2013 it will cover the business of worth Rs. .19. and has a current business of Rs. translating into a healthy CAGR of 18%.
Production Houses .
Ashutosh Gowariker Productions Private Limited AKP Films .Aamir Khan Production FilmsMukta Arts Red Chillies Entertainment Percept Picture Company Yash Raj Films Roopesh Rai Production White Feather Films Key Sera Sera Films Adlabs Studios Vishesh Films Devgan Films UTV Motion Pictures Dharma Productions Pritish Nandy Communications Popcorn Entertainment • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Base Industries Group BR Films Balaji Telefilms Rajshri Films Super Cassettes Industries Ltd (T-Series) Shree Ashtavinayak Cinevision Ltd Madras Talkies J P Films Filmkraft Productions Excel Films Ram Gopal Varma Productions Kaleidoscope Films India Showbiz Network Limited Diya Productions Excel Films IDream P Suresh Productions Sahara One Productions .Some well-known Indian film production houses based in India are • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • AGPPL .
the two groups announced late Monday • Walt Disney Studios that will handle the marketing and distribution of films made by DreamWorks in markets outside India .Foreign tie-ups • The Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group has sealed its $825-million deal with Steven Spielberg’s DreamWorks Studios with investment banker JP Morgan syndicating $325 million debt.
Why you should Invest? High Potential Returns Accelerated Industry Growth Stardust In Your Portfolio A Natural Hedge Multiple Revenue Opportunities .
the production cost would be hardly Rs 15 crore and the rest goes for paying the cast Cost of producing movies production cost Cast charges 37% 63% .Production costs • In a Rs 40-crore Bollywood film.
It is estimated that Indian domestic film industry will by 2010 be worth Rs. .400 bn. dollars in foreign exchange.S. According to Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham) the Indian film industry already earns 100 million U.
with inputs from Mandre Productions.The Birth of a Star Script Director Producer Source: Confidential. Govind Rai and Rohit Jaisingh Vaid. Contilloe Films .
The Cycle of Events • Based on relationships • Brand value • Profit sharing Plough funds • NFBC • IDBI • Conventional moneylenders • The Underworld mafia • • • • Editing.Adlabs Trial run Censorship Print type Casting The makeover .
10. 700 digital prints and 500 analog prints taken by a distributor .The media to get there.000 Could have been done in Ten lakh rupees Runs into crores Eg: Ghajini spent Rs. 6 cr.Single Screen Digital UFO. Qube -Show times are uniform Analog Normal projector prints -Showtime can be strategically planned Costs just Rs.
The Distribution Debate Producer Distributor Overseas Distributor Sub-Distributor North Sub-Distributor South Sub-Distributor Mumbai et al Distributor North East and Central .
to safeguard their brand identity • Distributors carry a higher risk. hence. the 50:50 sharing .Key Facts • The distribution and telecast rights are given for a period of 5 years • The success of a Bollywood is dependent on the profit / loss incurred by a Distributor • The promoters/ star/ directors have to carry out marketing for the film.Strategy: monopolize the production and rights • Largely distributors finance producers 50% of the movie.
Negotiating skills of producers Producers have good negotiating skills SRK had turned down an offer of Rs 76 crore which astounded industry sources. It was auctioned for Rs 80 Crs where they made 30Crs Profit and production cost of Rs 50 Crs .
Single Screen effect • 5 years free to run the movie as many times • 1st week theatre gets 30% while the Producer/ Distributor gets 70% • 2nd and 3rd week revenues for theatre can / may increase • Theatre can sub-sell the movie to another in the same city • Strategy: A nexus between Theatre.Production HouseDistributor • Eg: Rex and Symphony theatre in Bangalore • Strategy: Make money on Snacks. Beverages. Advertisements and Parking .
The Bollywood-Multiplex tussle Multiplex • 45% • 45% • 60% • 50% • -2% Producer/ Distributor • 55% • 55% • 40% • 50% • +2% When?? • OLD • 1st week • 2nd week onwards • NEW • Subsequent performance .
Revenue Generation-Bollywood .
Overseas box office revenues. . Ancillary revenues.Sources of Revenue There are various sources from where the industry generates revenues: The Domestic box office revenues Home video revenues.
Sources of revenue (Rs m) FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08E FY09E FY10F Domestic 78% 76% 75% 69% 69% 68% 66% Overseas 8% 9% 9% 9% 9% 9% 10% Ancillary 8% 6% 9% 6% 9% 7% 9% 13% 9% 13% 9% 14% 10% 14% Home .
Growth of muliplexes • Film industry growing at 10% per annum driven by multiplexes • Key drivers of multiplexes growth – Favorable demographics – Tax exemptions – Quality locations such as malls .
No : of Indian Theatres Multiplex Single screen theater 3% 97% Source: Reuters 2009 .
Revenue generated from ticket collection Multiplex Single screen theatres 37% 63% .
The economics • Supply side – Growth in film industry – Improving real estate supply – Favorable tax exemptions • Demand side – Favorable demographics – Rising income levels – Willingness of people to spend .
Industry characteristics Seasonality Reducing shelf life of movies Low screen density Increasing average ticket prices .
Revenue Generation-Bollywood • Hollywood commands more than 90% of the global cinema market. • Bollywood contributes 3 to 5 percentage of global film revenue • 240 to 300 films are produced in Hindi and same number in Telugu • Hindi films account for about half of the total revenue generated by cinema in India • Indian cinema found markets in over 90 countries where films from India are screened. .
Revenue Generation • Many Bollywood Films earn between 10 %30% of their revenue from the overseas boxoffice depending on the budget of the film • The total revenue that Bollywood earned in 2008 was Rs 10.900 crore with an overseas collection of Rs 977 crore • Most of the times the size of the overseas market is directly related to the Asian population residing abroad .
Major Overseas Markets • South Asia is a big market • • • • Bangladesh Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka • Australia • Western Europe • U.earn around $100 million a year through theatre screenings.S. video sales and the sale of movie soundtracks .
• Bollywood films are particularly popular in the former Soviet Union.Major overseas markets – U.K – Africa • They frequently enter the UK top ten • Greater westernization of Bollywood movies is diminishing the presence in the African market. – Russian Market .
Indian Film Industry = bollywood?? Films Released Films Released 2004 2006 Hindi Telugu Tamil Malayalam Bhojpuri Kannada Marathi Other Total 241 202 130 71 21 75 223 245 162 77 76 75 56 134 931 73 160 1091 .
Present Film Production Trend Hindi Telugu Tamil Others 20% 30% 20% 30% .
Market Share of Various Film Industries
Share of Revenue
Hindi Telugu Tamil
5% 15% 45% 15%
Where does the money come from
Source of Income Domestic Box office Collection Rs.81.2 Amount (in billions) (2008) Components of Revenue
Domestic Box office Overseas Collection Ancilliary Revnue
71% 9% 5%
Ancilliary Revnue Total
Home Video Rs.5.8 Rs. 18 Rs. 115
Hollywood Story in India
• Jurrasic Park (1993) dubbed into Hindi followed by the hits Speed (1994) and Dunston Check In (1995) • 2005 : 55 Films • 2006 : 75 Films • At present Hollywood has 4-5% share in the Indian Film Industry
Regional movies • Out of 1. . • South Indian films—Telugu and Tamil— constitute almost 50%. Bollywood constitutes only 30%. The rest is made up of other language films.000 movies released in India every year.
South Indian Market • Tollywood makes equal No of movies as Bollywood • Last 2 years 30 Telugu movies are dubbed and released in Kerala (expanding Tollywood?) • Tamil movies have a ready market in Kerala and dubbed into Kannada and Telugu • Biggest hit of 2009?? .
UTV Case • UTV Motion Pictures. .” . wants to increase revenues from regional cinema from 5% to 20% in the next two years. “It would be foolish to ignore regional cinema.
Why go regional ?? • A big-budget. • The return on investment (ROI) in a regional film is also higher. • On the other hand. most regional films with the most state-of-the-art production techniques would cost only Rs 3–4 crore. . star-studded Bollywood film could cost anywhere between Rs 20 crore and Rs 60 crore.
the better valuation will they get.Why go regional ? • Investing in a basket of regional films may diversify risks better than putting all the money in a high-budget Bollywood flick.” says Patnaik of Beyond Dreams • Most regional markets have strong local distributors. • Diversifying risk can help improve valuations. They have control over theatres and it becomes crucial for the Bollywood companies to get the local players involved . “More the titles.
Red Chillies introduced and bought Kolkata Knight Riders Cricket franchise in BCCI new venture Indian Premier League. They have also ventured into television content production and their show 'The first ladies' was aired on NDTV Good times. .Other sources of income • In 2008.
Other source of income .
Problem Definition .
future?? • Walt Disney’s entry • Will Bollywood suffer like the Japanese and European Film industries? • Target Audience of Hollywood is gigantic .Hollywood a threat • Indian’s perceive watching Hollywood as “cool”?? • A century old industry unaffected.
Can Hollywood Swallow Bollywood? • • • • • • Bigger menu Technology Investments Infrastructure Systematic High Entry barriers .
Can Bollywood bite into the Regional Film Industry? • Massive size of movie markets in the South • Movie culture more prevalent in the South • 60% of the movie halls are located in South .
Source .6 billion $ (average annually) • In India piracy is a parallel industry that runs with financial support from the underworld and grey market.Piracy • Piracy causes $400 million in revenue lossIndia. • Job dependency of the lower class of the society is high (child labour).US India Business Council .Ernst & Young 2008 report on 'The Effects of Counterfeiting and Piracy on India's Entertainment Industry . • Worldwide.
theatres and distributors. • Attitude of people towards purchasing pirated versions.media houses. • Lower contribution to GDP. • Loss of nearly 80000 jobs that this industry could generate annually. .Consequence • Loss in revenue .
“What’s your Rashee” fine print given by Business development manager with Adlabsand associate vice president (operations and digital mastering) with UFO Moviez gave to Pakistani counter part by two channels. • Rackets – Example. .How is it done? • Camcord into theatres – available on streets and telecasted on TV by operators.
Reasons for piracy • Weak law enforcement – Breach of copyright laws is punishable by prison for up to three years. but most pirates get away paying a nominal fine. . So caught and get away to start newly in another city in India.
Strategies for Bollywood .
Strategy 1: Encouraging to open more number of multiplexes in India. – As the revenue generated is more 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 cost of indian ticket cost US ticket .
Advantages • Revenue is more from the multiplex • Will de-risk the industry • Attract more corporate houses which will make Bollywood more organized • Much more quality jobs generated in multiplexes • Compete with Hollywood as we will gain more money power .
• Aggressive marketing campaigns for South Indian markets .Strategy 2: Entering into the Southern Markets • High quality dubbed Bollywood movies to be released in South India • Incorporating South Indian Actors into Bollywood.
Strategy 3: Overseas Market • Concentrate more on the South Asian population abroad.(which is currently done) • Indian English movies which cater to the Western Audience .
. Camcord in theatres Tactics – PVR cinemas and other major players started a “Make a difference” campaign training to cinema employees check and capture camcord in theatres.Strategy 4 Strategy to Curb Piracy 1.
So acussed gets away with fine easily.Strategy to Curb Piracy Laws to be made stringent • Presently breach of copyright laws gives a punishment of 3 years or fine amount of Rs. • Controlling piracy by frequent police raidsroad side selling of pirated CDs and DVDs. 50000. Hence the fine amount should be increased further 2 lakhs or more so as to restrict it. .
This will reduce the risks of breakage of value chain. easy availability of cinemas to people. so reduced demand for pirated movies by local TV operators. • Enhancement in technologyThe media houses should try and follow the UFO method for transacting with theatres.Strategy to Curb Piracy • Encouragement to DTH satellite. .
. Hence the FCCI entertainment committee should look forward towards making it corporatized.Strategy to Curb Piracy Like any other industry the entire value chain is important even in the Indian entertainment business. But this suffers piracy because of less or no corporatization.
TV Commercial and Advertising .Red Chillies Entertainment •Started in 2002 as a Film Production Company • Headed by Shah Rukh Khan and Gauri Khan •The company produced lots of hit movies like Main Hoon Na. IPL and Equipments . Om Shanti Om etc •Later Branched out to Post Production. Television.
Diversification of Business • • • • • • Movies Vfx – Special Effect Studio TV commercials and Ads IPL Kolkata Knight Riders Idiot Box (TV program prodution) Equipment Renting .
VFX – The Special Effects Studio • • • • • • Post Production unit Specializing in Visual Effects State of the art facilities 10.000 sq ft Studio Technical Collaboration with HP Won several Awards .
ICICI. Hyndai. Pepsi.TV Commercial Division • In house team of Directors. ITC. Writers. Videocon. Hero Honda . Stylists and Creative Producers • Pizzazz is the Ad division which gives access to Bollywood directors • Present Clients : Airtel.
• Ambitious plans to venture into other sports such as hockey and football .Kolkata Knight Riders • Bought the team Kolkata Knight Riders for 5 years.IPL.
TV and Equipment • Idiot Box is the TV programme division • Ventured into TV programme production in 2009. . • Equipment Renting is another venture where state of the art equipments are provided to other players in media industry.
ICICI.No business like Show business • Leveraging the “Khan” image to the maximum • Making use of Shah Rukh Khans Friends Network. • Red Chillies major clients in the advertising have Shah Rukh Khan as Brand Ambassador (Pepsi. ITC. Hyundai etc) • All the new divisions of Red Chilly is directly linked to Show Business .
• Red Chillies should slowly try to distance itself from brand “Shah Rukh Khan” to a Production House with “independent identity”.Strategy • Red Chillies Group even after venturing into multiple verticals of entertainment industry should always should not loose focus on its core competencies and at times outsource work if they find the core competencies don’t lie with them. .
The End .
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