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1.Ê ›hat is the use of 'kvar' meter fitted on the MSB?
2.Ê ›here auto transformer starter is used on board ships and why?
3.Ê Explain star delta starter?
4.Ê ›hy starters are not used for land based installations?
5.Ê Any two applications of zener diode on board ships?
6.Ê How will you come to know whether a fuse is blown out or not, explain two methods?
7.Ê ›hat is meant by intrinsically safe?
8.Ê Name any three intrinsically safe equipments on board other than a torch light and lamp?
9.Ê Explain the working principle of an explosimeter and reasons for false readings?
10.ÊHow will you check reverse power and overload relay in the MSB?
11.ʛhat are the routine maintenance in an alternator?
12.ÊHow will you confirm a solenoid is working or not?
13.ʛhat kind of starter could be used for force draught fan for the boiler?
14.ÊHow to check the insulation resistance of a DC motor?
15.ÊHow to use a voltmeter for synchronization in the absence of synchroscope and
synchronizing lamps?
16.ÊHow does earth fault detector work?
17.ÊExplain the conditions of paralleling alternators?
18.ÊDraw the synchronizing method?
19.ʛhat is he difference between a megger and a multimeter?
20.ÊComment on air circuit breakers?
21.ʛhat are the safeties provided on Main Switch Board?
22.ÊDescribe how a self excited generator works?
23.ʛhat is the function of AVR?
24.ÊHow will you find out earth fault in the system?
25.ʛhat is reverse power protection for?
26.ʛhat is ›heatstone bridge?
27.ÊDraw the synchroscope system?
28.ʛhat do you understand by preferential trip and when they operate?
29.ÊDescribe AC and DC? ›here DC is used on board ships?
30.ʛhat is induction motor?
31.ʛhat are star delta windings?
32.ʛhat is a short circuit?
33.ʛhat is meant by earth fault?
34.ʛhat is meant by overload?
35.ʛhat is single phasing and how it happens?
36.ʛhat is fuse and how many types of fuses have seen before?
37.ʛhy an air compressor is started unloaded?
38.ʛhat is the difference between ordinary diode and zener diode?
39.ʛhat is the function of starter and choke in a tube light?
40.ʛhat is the regular maintenance done on batteries?
41.ÊHow does salinometer work?
42.ʛhat will be your action on a blackout a sea?
43.ÊHow does emergency generator starts on its own?
44.ʛhat are the cut out provided on the O›S and checks to be done before putting it into
operation?
45.ÊDraw star, delta 3 phase connections?
46.ʛhat are the motor safeties, deck crane safeties, and engine room over head safeties to be
checked?
47.ʛhat is relay? How it is different from a magnetic contactor?
48.ʛhat is ohm's law?
49.ʛhat is the expression for resistance in terms of length and area of conductor?
50.ʛhat is sequential starting?
51.ʛhat is the function of circuit breaker?
52.ʛhat essentials are supplied from emergency switchboard?
53.ÊHow will you confirm a minimum insulation resistance reading?
54.ÊDescribe steering power supply regulations?
55.ʛhat is Coulomb's law?
56.ÊDescribe Fleming's left and right hand rule?
57.ÊDescribe lenz's law?
58.ʛhat is the difference between electric and magnetic circuit?
59.ÊDescribe and Draw battery charging method?
60.ÊHow many types of DC motors are there?
61.ÊHow many types of AC motors are there?
62.ʛhat is magnetic hysteresis?
63.ʛhat is eddy current and how to minimize it?
64.ÊHow many types of electric circuits are there?
65.ÊDescribe Kirchoff's laws?
66.ÊHow many types of battery used on board ships?
67.ʛhat is the constructional difference between AC and DC generators?
68.ÊHow to calculate number of poles of a generator?
69.ʛhat are the causes of zero voltage in a running generator?
70.ʛhat is the difference between an induction motor and synchronous motor?
71.ʛhat is the reading of hydrometer reading in full charge and discharge?
72.ʛhat is meant by transformer and rectifier?
73.ʛhat is he units for voltage, current, power and resistance?
74.ÊComment on the starting current while using a direct online starter for an induction
motor?
75.ʛhat is reluctance?
76.ÊClass 4 EK MOTOR
77.ÊIndex
78.Ê
Question April 2010.
›ith reference to exhaust valves
›hy inlet and exhaust valves open into cylinder
(a) Describe how valves are reconditioned.
(b) Explain how valve timing is checked and corrected.
79.Ê
80.ÊQuestion April 2010.
Select the correct statement and explain
An explosion in the high pressure air pipe line can be due to
Cylinder air starting valve not opening
Cylinder air starting valve leaking
›rong timing of opening of air starting valve.
81.Ê
82.ÊQuestion April 2010, Sr 3 2010, Sr 6, 4, 2, 2009, Sr 8, 3 2008, Sr 4, Sr 3 2006
Sketch and describe a turbocharger with a radial flow gas turbine showing the position of
the bearings.
State the advantages.
83.Ê
84.ÊQuestion April 2010, Sr 4 2008, Sr 6, Sr 3 March 2006/97
›ith reference to crankcase explosion state:-
The condition that may initiate an explosion.
›hat may cause a secondary explosion?
How a crankcase explosion relief valve works?
85.Ê
86.ÊQuestion April 2010. Sr No 8 2005
›ith reference to auxiliary engine fuel pumps:
a) Explain how a fuel pump, may be checked for accuracy of injection timing;
b) Describe how fuel pump timing may be adjusted after overhaul;
c) Explain the circumstances in which it is considered necessary to replace a fuel pump.
87.Ê
88.ÊQuestion April, Feb 2010, Sr 2 2007, Sr 5 2006
Sketch and describe the operation of a governor suitable for diesel generator.
89.Ê
90.Ê
Question April 2010
Sketch and describe a diesel engine fuel valve and explain its action.
Indicate the adjustment which may be done to the valve and explain their effect on engine
operation
91.Ê
92.ÊQuestion April 2010.
Describe, with the aid of a sketch, the air start valve for a large slow speed diesel engine
State with why a leaking cylinder air valve should receive immediate attention.
93.Ê
94.ÊQuestion April 2010, Sr emergy 2007-2008, Sr 10 2005
The exhaust temperatures of an auxiliary diesel are found to be excessive and uneven at
normal load, with dark exhaust at the funnel. Describe EACH of the following:
(a) An investigation of the situation;
(b) The procedure to remedy the immediate problems;
(c) Any further action that might be necessary.
95.Ê
96.ÊQuestion Sr 3 2010
Explain how on board test for EACH of the following are carried out.
a- Viscosity.
b- Flash point.
c- ›ater content.
d- Compatility.
97.Ê
98.ÊQuestion Sr 3 2010, Sr 1 2006
›ith reference to the bridge control of a large slow speed main engine, describe, with the
aid of sketches:
How engine speed may be controlled;
How the engine may be set for reverse operation
99.Ê
100.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr emergy 2007-2008
›ith reference to engine inlet and exhaust valves:
(a) State why tappet clearance is essential and why it must be periodically checked.
(b) List with reasons the likely consequences of excessive and insufficient tappet
clearance.
(c) State how carbon build-up can occur during engine running and indicate the possible
effects on cylinder performance.
101.Ê
102.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 6 2009, Sr 2 2007, Sr 11 2005
›ith reference to a 2 stroke slow speed main propulsion engine air starting system
State, with reasons, Three safety features incorporated in an air starting system.
State with reason why an engine may fail to turnover on air.
Explain how the cause of an engine failing to turn over on air may be determined.
103.Ê
104.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 6 2009, Sr 2 2007
Select the correct statement and explain:
*›iping* of a bearing may occur due to
(a) Inadequate oil supply
(b) High lube oil pressure
(c) Presence of excessive moisture in the oil.
105.Ê
106.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 6 2009, Serial 3 2008, Sept 2006
Sketch and describe a fuel injector for a diesel engine.
State four parameter that indicate fuel injectors require immediate overhaul.
107.Ê
108.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 6, 4 2009, Sr 8, 3 2008, 2006
›hat are the causes for crankcase explosion?
›hat action can be taken by the watch keeper when the vessel is in port to minimize their
occurrence?
Describe with the aid of sketches any mechanical devices designed to limit the violence
of such an explosion should it occur.
109.Ê
110.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 6 2009, Sr 2 2007, Sr 1 2007
Make a diagrammatic sketch of a jacket cooling water system as applied to a group of
medium speed auxiliary diesel engine.
Indicate the temperature and pressure in the system.
Describe in particular the flow of water from entry to the engine to the outlet from the
engine and sketch the more important joints in the system.
111.Ê
112.Ê
Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 1 2006
Describe the events leading to primary crankcase explosion.
Explain how a primary crankcase explosion can lead to a secondary explosion.
State the procedure for ensuring the operational effectiveness of a crankcase oil mist
detector.
State the procedure to be adopted in the event of a crankcase mist detector alarm and the
action to be taken before normal operation of the engine is restored.
113.Ê
114.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 1 2006
›ith reference to main engine fuel oil:
Describe, using a block diagram, a system which may be used for controlling fuel
viscosity;
Describe with aid of a sketch, a device which will monitor the viscosity of the fuel;
State why fuel viscosity at the injectors should be kept within certain limits
115.Ê
116.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 3 2009, Sr 2 2007, Sr 11 2005
An auxiliary engine under load continuously fluctuates even with a steady load.
The fault you would diagnose could be owing to
(a) The quality of fuel
(b) The quality of servicing of the governor in the .last port
(c) The supply of charge air
(d) The overhaul of fuel injectors done in the last decarburization
Aive a brief explanation as to why each of the above mentioned points either: could be
true: Or cannot at all be- the reasons for such a fluctuation.
117.Ê
118.Ê Question Sr 2 2010, Sr 3 2008, JAN 2007
›ith regard to the injection and combustion of fuel oil explain the significance of the
following:
Ignition delay.
Atomization
Penetration
Turbulence
119.Ê
120.Ê Question Sr 2 2010, Sr 4 2007
›ith reference to charge air coolers
Describe with the aid of a sketch, a charge air cooler;
Describe the procedure for cleaning both air and watersides of a charge air cooler;
State the importance of maintaining correct charge air temperature.
121.Ê
122.Ê
Question Sr 2 2010, Sr 2 2007, Sr 3 2006
The main requirements which a fuel injection system must fulfill are
(a) Accurate metering of small amount of fuel oil
(b) Control of quality of fuel injection
(c) Proper timing of the fuel injection
(d) Selective distribution of the fuel in the combustion space
State each one of the points made above are true or false. If any point you perceive is
false, slate why is it so.
123.Ê
124.Ê Question Sr 2 2010, Sr 3 2008,
Sketch and describe a 2 STROKE CON ROD.
125.Ê
126.Ê Question April, Sr 2 2010
Sketch and describe the operation of a governor suitable for the diesel engine of an A.C.
generator
Ans-
Done see April 2010.
127.Ê
128.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 12 2009, Sr 3 2009, Sr 11, 10, 3 2008. Sr 12, 9, 8, 4 2007,
Sr 8 2006, Sr 5 2006
›.R.T. Turbo Charging system of an engine
State the parameter that you would check while taking over watch
Aive specimen figures for the above from the lasts motor ship on which you have severed
Action to be taken in the event of T\C vibrating abnormally
129.Ê
130.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009,Sr 2 2008, Sr 8 2007
›ith the aid of a block diagram describe the operation of an electronic governor fitted to
an Auxiliary D\Engine
An engine fitted with an electronic governor behaves erratically during load changes.
Explain the possible causes
131.Ê
132.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009, Sr 4 2008, Sr 4 2006
Values of some main engine exhaust temperatures displayed in the engine control room
differ from those displayed on the engine for the same cylinders.
i) Explain how it may be determined which readings are inaccurate
ii) State possible reasons for these inaccurate readings
iii) Explain how the location of the faults may be detected
b) State the periodic checks which should be carried undertaken to ensure that remote
engine Instrumentation is readings accurately
133.Ê
134.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009, Sr 2 2008
›hat pressure charging system is used on modern slow speed 2stroke uniflow scavenged
engines fitted with exhaust valves?
Aive the crank angles at which the exhaust valve open and close and the angle at which
scavenge ports open.
135.Ê
136.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009, Sr 2 2008
Describe how you would deal with a scavenge fire in the scavenge space of a marine
diesel engine.
Explain the causes of such fire.
›hat measures which have to be taken to limit their occurrence.
137.Ê
138.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009, Sr 2 2008
Sketch and describe a cylinder head for a large diesel engine and show the provision
made for cooling.
Explain how cylinder head for a large diesel engine water space is examined and state the
usual causes of cracking.
139.Ê
140.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009, Sr 2 2008
Explain why large slow speed diesel engines may have a barred speed range and why the
engine must not be operated continuously within that range.
Explain how barred speed range is avoided when on bridge control.
141.Ê
142.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 1 2009, Sr 1 2008
Sketch and describe a device employed for continuous monitoring of the viscosity of
heavy fuel oil being supplied to a main engine
In the event of the monitoring and control system described in Q. (a) becoming
inoperative explain how the viscosity of the fuel may be controlled
Explain how the system employing the device described in Q. (a) Operates to adjust the
fuel viscosity
143.Ê
144.Ê Question Sr 1 2010. Sr 10 2009, Sr 2 2008
Sketch a pneumatically operated starting air valve
Explain its action
State with reasons what maintenance should be carried out.
145.Ê
146.Ê Question Sr 12 2009. Sr 8 2007,
During watch one m/e unit showing high exhaust temp write a note to CEO
How the cause leading to abnormal running condition was diagnosed and subsequent
action taken to control fire
147.Ê
148.Ê Question Sr 12 2009. Sept 2006
Sketch and describe a fuel injector for a slow speed marine diesel engine
Explain the operation of the fuel valve
Describe the defects to which Injector are prone
Explain how any two of these defects are corrected.
How can injection be improved when a low speed engine is to operate at prolonged load
Explain how it operates and what determine the point at which injection occurs
149.Ê
150.Ê Question Sr 12 2009.
Difficulties have been experienced in getting to turn the engine on air during
maneuvering.
State the possible causes leading to such a problem.
Remedies to prevent reoccurrence of such a problem.
151.Ê
152.Ê Question Sr 12 2009. Sr 1 2007, Sept 2006
Describe the means of protection against EACH of the following engine faults in a vessel
operating with UMS:
Crankcase explosion;
Scavenge fire;
External fire on the engine;
Loss of lubricating oil pressure;
Engine overload.
153.Ê
154.Ê Question Sr 12 2009. Sept 2006
›hat is the purpose of Rubbing Bands on piston skirt?
How piston rings are calibrated?
Aive two reasons for rejecting a piston ring.
Explain the causes and effects of the following:
Breaking of piston rings
Large groove clearances
Large butt clearance in a piston ring
155.Ê
156.Ê Question Sr 12 2009. Sr 11, 10, 3 2008, Sr 5, Sr 2 2006
Sketch and Describe the operating principle of a crank case mist detector
Sketch, the crank case explosion relief door and flame trap for a diesel engine. State the
pressure setting of the door
157.Ê
158.Ê Question Sr 12 2009, Sr 11, 10, 3 2008, Sr 12 2007
Describe the process of replacing the cylinder liner in an auxiliary engine.
How is water tightness ensured?
And what precaution are take before starting the engine.
159.Ê
160.Ê Question Sr 12 2009, Sr 2 2009, Sr 11, 10, 3 2008
(a) If an auxiliary diesel generator over-speeds and runs away while off the load, explain:
-
(i) How it can be stopped,
(ii) ›hat is likely to be the reasons for the failure.
(b) Aive-details of what cheeks are made after the machine has been stopped: (i)
Mechanically, (ii) Electrically.
161.Ê
162.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sr 12 2007, Sr 8, 7 2007, Oct Sr 8 2006
Sketch a Jacket water cooling system.
State why chemical treatment of the J.C.›. is necessary.
›hat test are carried out
163.Ê
164.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sr 12 2007, Sr 8, 7 2007, Sr No 2 2005
Describe the crankcase inspection of an auxiliary engine driving an alternator, under each
of the following headings
(a) Safety
(b) Timing gears
(c) Running gears
(d) Oil pipes and system
165.Ê
166.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sept 2006
›hen are tappet clearances taken in a 4 stroke diesel generator engine?
›hat will be the effect of the following on engine performance?
Too large clearances
Too small clearances
›hat are the other routines carried out on auxiliary engines and after what time period?
167.Ê
168.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sr 3 2009, Sr 11, 10, 6, 4 2008, Sr 12 2007, Sr 5 2006
›rite brief notes on the adverse effect that a fuel containing high values of the following
may cause-
Viscosity
Density
Sulphur
Conradson carbon residue
Ashphaltenses
Vanadium and sodium
Ash
169.Ê
170.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sr 2 2009, Sr 11, 10, 6 2008
Make a report to the C/E of your vessel about malfunctioning of low lubricating oil
pressure alarm for the main engine observed during your watch.
171.Ê
172.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sr 8 2006, Sept 2006
Explain the reasons for starting air line explosion.
›hat preventive maintenance is required to avoid the same?
173.Ê
174.Ê Question Sr 9 2009, Sr 10 2005
Sketch a water-cooled piston showing the direction of coolant flow.
Show in details the location and nature of the water seals.
Describe how the coolant is conveyed to and from the piston.
Explain how it is ensured that the crown receives an adequate supply of coolant
175.Ê
176.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sept 2006
›ith reference to turbochargers explain:
›hy air coolers are fitted?
›hy excessive cooling of air should be avoided?
How turbine glands are sealed?
How bearings are lubricated?
177.Ê
178.Ê Question Sr 8 2009,
Compare the functions & characteristics of lubricants for:
Cylinder liner
Large slow speed engine crankcase
Small high speed engine crankcase
Turbochargers bearings
179.Ê
180.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sr 4 2009, Sr 8 2008,
Sketch a block diagram showing a bridge control system for propeller pitch engine speed
and load
Describe the operation of the system sketched
›hat are the requirement to be fulfilled on an UMS classed vessel for operating *un-
manned engine room watch*
181.Ê
182.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sr 1 2009, Sr 11, 10, 4 2008.
Explain with Reason for
Engine failing to start on air.
Engine Start On Air, But Refuse To Pick Up Firing.
183.Ê
184.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sr 9, 8 6 2007,
Describe with suitable sketch how lube oil is supplied to top end bottom end and main
bearing.
List the causes leading to sudden loss of lubricating oil pressure in the engine.
185.Ê
186.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sr 8 2007,
Define the following terms and state their importance as related to lubrication of main,
engine bearings
(a) Viscosity
(b) Demulsification
(c) Oxidation stability
(d) Total acid number (TAN)
187.Ê
188.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sr 9, 8 2007,
List the properties required and name the material used for the manufacture of the
following
Exhaust valve, Cylinder liner, Fuel pump body, Piston crown
189.Ê
190.Ê Question Sr 8 2009, Sr 8 2006 SEPT
›hen Adjusting bearing Clearance why is it important that the total thickness of shims
for bearing adjustment is kept same on both sides
191.Ê
192.Ê Question Sr 8 2009,
Sketch and describe a main engine turbocharger
State the parameter that you would check while taking over watch
193.Ê
194.Ê Question Sr 6 2009, Sr 11 2005
›ith reference to a 2 stroke slow speed main propulsion engine air starting system
State, with reasons, Three safety features incorporated in an air starting system.
State with reason why an engine may fail to turnover on air.
Explain how the cause of an engine failing to turn over on air may be determined.
Done see march 2010.
195.Ê

Question March 2010. Sr 6 2009


Make a diagrammatic sketch of a jacket cooling water system as applied to a group of
medium speed auxiliary diesel engine.
Indicate the temperature and pressure in the system.
Describe in particular the flow of water from entry to the engine to the outlet from the
engine and sketch the more important joints in the system.
Answer
Done See March 2010
196.Ê
197.Ê
Question Sr 6 2009,
Select the correct statement and explain:
*›iping* of a bearing may occur due to
(a) Inadequate oil supply
(b) High lube oil pressure
(c) Presence of excessive moisture in the oil.
Answer
Done See March 2010
198.Ê
199.Ê Question Sr 6, 4 2009, 2006
›hat are the causes for crankcase explosion?
›hat action can be taken by the watch keeper when the vessel is in port to minimize their
occurrence?
Describe with the aid of sketches any mechanical devices designed to limit the violence
of such an explosion should it occur
200.Ê
201.Ê Question Sr 6 2009,
Sketch and describe a device employed for continuous monitoring of the viscosity of
heavy fuel oil being supplied to a main engine.
202.Ê
203.Ê Question Sr 6 2009, Sept 2006
Sketch and describe a fuel injector for a diesel engine.
Done See April 2010.
State four parameter that indicate fuel injectors require immediate overhaul.
Done See March 2010.
204.Ê
205.Ê Question Sr 6 2009,
The main advantage of unit injector over other fuel injection system is
206.Ê Question Sr 6 2009, Serial 11, 10, 4 2008
Discuss the properties required by L.O for use in;
Auxiliary diesel engines,
Stern tube bearings,
Refrigeration compressors
Aive reason for the differing properties of the oils recommended for these three purposes.
207.Ê
208.Ê
Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 8 2008,
During normal engine operation a turbocharger rapidly loses speed and the speed
reduction is accompanied by appreciable noise.
State with reasons the possible causes.
Explain in detail how the engine might be safely operated if the damage caused by this
incident is such that the turbocharger cannot function.
State with reasons the factors which may limit engine operating speed with the
turbocharger out of operation.
209.Ê
210.Ê Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 8 2008, Sr 5 2006
Sketch and describe the operation of a governor suitable for diesel generator.
State why it is desirable to install a hydraulic governor rather than a purely mechanical
one.
211.Ê
212.Ê Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 8 2008,
Sketch a simple valve timing diagram for a 4 STROKE TURBOCHARAED ENAINE.
Sketch a simple valve timing diagram for a NATURALLY ASPIRATED 4 STROKE
ENAINE.
Comment on the difference between the above figures.
213.Ê
214.Ê Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 3 2009, Sr 3, 2 2006
Explain how leakage of the under mentioned valves may become apparent to watch
keepers and state the effects on engine operation.
Describe the immediate and subsequent action which might be necessary in each case:
Exhaust valve
Fuel valve
Air starting valve
215.Ê
216.Ê Question Sr 4 2009
Aive the reasons for progressive fall off of piston ring performance in service. State with
reasons which ring clearances are critical.
State what effects the face contouring , bevelling, ring cross section and material
properties of rings and liners have on ring.
217.Ê
218.Ê Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 1 2008
State what is meant by shipboard machinery condition monitoring
Describe how typical shipboard condition monitoring is carried out.
State how the information obtained by monitoring may be used to indicate machinery
condition trends.
219.Ê
220.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 5 2006
Explain why it is common practice to use -
(a) Four stroke engines for generating units.
(b) Two stroke engines for main propulsion units.
221.Ê
222.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 5 2006
Show how the following defects would alter the form of an indicator diagram.
Partially chocked nozzle
Leaky piston ring
Partially chocked silencer. Partially choked air inlet.
Late opening of fuel valve.
Explain the effect each would have on the running of the engine.
223.Ê
224.Ê
Question Sr 3, 2, 2009, Sr 4 2007, Sr 2 2007
a- Describe, with the aid of sketches, how an auxiliary engine cylinder liner is calibrated.
b- State, with reason, the positions on the liner at which the calibration readings should
be taken
c- State, how liner calibration reading s should be recorded.
d- State, with reasons, the maximum liner wear you, as 2nd eng officer, should be
prepared to accept under normal circumstances
225.Ê
226.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 4 2007
Describe, with the aid of a sketch, the air start valve for a large slow speed diesel engine
and the protective device adjacent to it.
227.Ê
228.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr EMERAENCY SET, Sr 9 2007, Sr 2 2006
Explain how the following condition effect the power developed by a diesel engine:
Broken piston rings.
›orn fuel pump plungers.
Fouled turbochargers
›orn out liner
229.Ê
230.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 9 2007, Sr 2 2006
Explain why it is necessary to heat heavy oil before burning it in the Cylinder Of an
internal combustion engine.
Describe a system whereby the oil temperature can be automatically maintained at the
correct figure.
Show the means employed for manually controlling the temperature in the event of
failure of the automatic controls.
231.Ê
232.Ê
Question Sr 2 2009
Describe the procedure for taking M\E crankshaft deflection, explaining all precaution
that must be observed.
Explain what deflection reading actually mean and suggest the action which must be
taken should readings be outside values recommended by the engine manufacturer?
233.Ê
234.Ê Question Sr 2 2009, Sr 5 2006
›ith reference to medium speed trunk piston engines:
Explain why multiple air inlet and exhaust valves are often fitted;
Explain the purpose of an anti-polishing ring;
Describe how effective piston cooling is provided
Describe the bottom end arrangement of a vee-type engine
235.Ê
236.Ê Question Sr 2 2009, Sr 7, 4 2007,Sr 5, Sr 2 2006
›ith reference to crankcase explosions;
Describe the operating principle of a crank case mist detector
State THREE alternative indications of overheating or existence of conditions that might
result in a crank case explosion
State a course of action you as a watch keeping eng would take following operation of the
crankcase mist detector alarm
237.Ê
238.Ê Question Sr 2 2009, Sr 2 2007, Sr 1 2007, Sr 11 2005
The exhaust manifold of an auxiliary engine under load turns red hot. There is no lagging
on the manifold. ›hat efforts would you make to cool down the manifold? State the
efforts made without stopping the engine.
239.Ê
240.Ê Question Sr 2 2009, Sr 2 2007, Sr 2, March 2006
During every night watch the bridge watch keeper complains of continuous sparks from
the funnel
You are convinced that the sparks have something to do with the fuel or combustion
system
›hat simple corrective action \ steps would you initiate to reduce the degree of sparking?
241.Ê
242.Ê
Question Sr 1 2009,
Sketch and describe a main engine turbocharger.
Make a diagrammatic sketch of the whole air aspiration system showing the engine air
cooler, filters, turbocharger, exhaust gas and air manifold exhaust gas boiler, and other
important component.
243.Ê
244.Ê Question Sr 1 2009
Explain why obtaining lubricating oil samples from the main engine system and
turbocharger systems are essential.
State, with reasons, FOUR desirable properties required of a crankcase lubricating oil for
a crosshead engine.
Explain why crankcase-lubricating oil for a trunk piston engine differs from that for a
crosshead engine.
Describe T›O shipboard tests which may be carried out on crankcase lubricating oil
245.Ê
246.Ê Question Sr 1 2009,
›ith reference to main engine operating under UMS certification
State the procedure to be adopted by duty engineer with respect to the main engine prior
to putting the engine room on UMS operation for the night
In the event off call out during the night due to main engine alarm explain the procedure
for entering the engine room and checking the alarm condition.
Morning inspection after a period of UMS operation shows that 2 engine exhaust
temperature vary from reading the pervious night
State the cause for this
Explain how the cause may be located.
247.Ê
248.Ê Question Sr 1 2009,
Describe any type of main diesel engine fuel pump and show clearly how the output is
regulated.
249.Ê
250.Ê Question Sr 1 2009, Sr 4 2007, Sr 8 2006
Describe means of recognizing deterioration of the lubricating oil. Describe with the aid
of suitable sketches how lube oil is conveyed to top end bottom end and main bearing in
large slow speed engine
List the causes leading to sudden loss of lube oil pressure
251.Ê
252.Ê Question Sr 1 2009, Sr 6 2007
(a) State the basic principle of a turbo charger
(b) Describe the function of the
(i) Air filter (ii) Inducer (iii) impeller
253.Ê
254.Ê Question Sr 1 2009, Sr 6 2007
Explain the difference bet an engine governor and an over speed trip
Explain what is meant by speed droop
Explain the principle of an electronic governor
255.Ê
256.Ê Question Sr 11, 6 2008,
Describe how a crank case explosion may occur.
Identify the indications of poor combustion;
State FOUR reasons for poor combustion;
Describe the effects on engine condition and maintenance of allowing poor combustion to
continue.
257.Ê
258.Ê
Question Sr emergy 2007-2008 Sr 11 2005
Explain the possible consequences of operating main engines with:
(a) Cylinder starting air valve leaking
(b) Cylinder relief valve seized in closed position
(c) Burnt Exhaust valve
259.Ê
260.Ê Question Sr emergy 2007-2008, Sr 10 2005
(a) Sketch and describe a central cooling system.
(b) State FOUR advantages and FOUR disadvantages of a central cooling system
261.Ê
262.Ê Question Sr emergy 2007-2008, Sr 10 2005
(a) Explain why the viscosity must be maintained at a particular value at the injectors;
(b) State, with reasons, why temperature is not an effective means of monitoring viscosity
with, modern residual fuels;
(c) Describe, with the aid of a line diagram, a fuel oil heating system incorporating a
device for monitoring and regulating the viscosity of the fuel delivered to the fuel
injection pumps.
263.Ê
264.Ê Question Sr emergy 2007-2008,
›hat is the purpose of cylinder relief valve?
›hat are the reasons for not enough scavenge / charge air.
›hat can you do to prevent scavenge fire
265.Ê
266.Ê
Question Sr emergy 2007-2008,
How doe a turbocharger works
›hat is an indication in the exhaust gas of good combustion?
267.Ê
268.Ê
Question Sr 6 2008, Sr 4 2006
Describe ANY Arrangement used in connection with an IC engine for the recovery of
heat from exhaust gases
State the temp of the gas at the cylinder exhaust passage and entering and leaving the
equipment described
269.Ê
270.Ê
Question Sr 6 2008, Sr 4 2006
State the difference between basic mineral oil and HD oil for diesel engine lubrication
Discuss the use of the oils in the above Q for various lubrication duties with large slow
speed cross head and medium speed engines
Explain how oils for the different application may be maintained in a satisfactory
condition.
271.Ê
272.Ê Question Sr 6 2008,
Explain why it is necessary to heat heavy oil before burning it in the Cylinder Of an
internal combustion engine.
Describe the effect on engine condition and performance due to excessive heating of fuel
oil.
Precaution during maneuvering on heavy oil.
273.Ê
274.Ê Question Sr 6 2008,
Define the cause of cylinder liner and piston ring wear.
Describe how cylinder liner wear is measured and recorded
Explain the possible consequences of operating the main engine with excessive cylinder
liner wear.
275.Ê
276.Ê Question Sr 6 2008,
›ith reference to T/C-
a) Explain why when surging occurs the speed of the turbocharger is seen to change
slightly
b) Aive examples of defects likely to result in surging
c) Explain in simple terms what occurs in a T\C and the diesel engine as speed/power
increases, and base on this an explanation of what matching of a turbocharger with an
engine implies
d) State the advantages of fitting uncooled turbochargers
277.Ê
278.Ê Question Sr 6 2008,
Sketch in detail main engine fuel injector
Explain how precise and rapid injector action is achieved
Suggest how injector can be kept in good condition over extended period of service
Explain how the injector is tested for injection pressure and how correct pressure is set
279.Ê
280.Ê Question Sr 4 2008, Sr.No.5 2005
State with reasons, which one or combination of the following conditions is likely to
contribute most to resistant breakage/slackening of *holding down1 bolts:
A scavenge fire .
Small cracks in the transverse girder of the bed plate
Highly stressed holding down bolts
Loose chocks
Partially balanced reciprocating masses
Piston hung up
281.Ê
282.Ê
Question Sr 4 2008, sr 4 2006
State with reason the effect of the following
Increase fuel to the engine
Open exhaust gas boiler bypass
Clean filter
Reduced coolant flow through air cooler
283.Ê
284.Ê
Question Sr 4 2008, Sr 4 2006
›ith reference to the scavenge spaces of main engines, give reasons for the following
faults:
(a) Lubricating oil accumulation.
(b) Scavenge fires.
(c) ›ater accumulation.
(d) High air temperature.
285.Ê
286.Ê
Question Sr 12 2007
Explain why bottom end bolts; of a 4stroke engine are susceptible to failure.
Sketch a bottom end bolt of suitable design.
Explain how good design reduces the possibility of failure.
State how the possibility of failure is reduced by good maintenance.
287.Ê
288.Ê Question Sr 12 2007
Describe the procedures for maintaining the below mentioned filters;
(a) High pressure oil supply lines to fuel valves.
(b) Oil fuel line to purifiers.
(c) Diesel engine air induction line.
Discuss the reasons for fitting these appliances, the nature of the material removed and
any special arrangements for cleaning.
289.Ê
290.Ê Question Sr 12 2007
›ith reference to inlet and exhaust valve state with reasons
The circumstance under which clearance between cams and followers is adjusted.
›hy some valve stem carry spinners.
How valve bounce is countered in some engines
291.Ê
292.Ê
Question Sr 12 2007,
Explain how crankcase explosion are caused.
Sketch a crank case explosion relief door and describe its action.
State what routine attention the door needs
293.Ê
294.Ê Question Sr 9 2007,
›hat do you understand by the following terms: swept volume, clearance volume,
compression ratio, and volumetric efficiency? Scavenge efficiency, air charge ratio,
natural aspiration, supercharging? ›hat other names are used for the supercharging
process?
295.Ê
296.Ê Question Sr 9 2007, Sr 8 2007, Sr 4 2007
Difficulties have been experienced in getting the engine to fire on fuel during
manoeuriving
State the action which should be taken upon discovering this problem
State the possible causes leading to such a problem
297.Ê
298.Ê
Question Sr 9 2007, Oct Sr 8 2006
›.R.T. cylinder lubrication state what are the
Indication that correct quantity of oil is being used
Consequences of both excessive and insufficient lubrication
Difficulties in achieving correctly timed injection
Desirable qualities for cyl lube oil when heavy distillate fuel is used
299.Ê
Question Sr 8 2007,
›hy is it necessary to cool the cylinder head, liner, piston of diesel engine? ›hat is used
as cooling medium?
›hy is it necessary to atomize the fuel when it is injected in to a diesel engine?
How are bearing of diesel engine lubricated. ›hat do you understand by the term fluid
film lubrication and boundary lubrication?
›hat causes fouling of the air side of air cooler?
300.Ê
301.Ê Question Sr 7, 4 2007,
›ith reference to fuel storage
Explain the meaning of the term flash point;
State the reasons for the minimum flash point stipulation for fuel in storage, stating the
permitted figure;
Describe, with the aid of a sketch, an approved closing device for double bottom fuel
tank sounding pipes which are situated in the machinery space;
Explain why this type of device is necessary.
302.Ê
303.Ê Question Sr 7 2007, Sr 3, Sr 2 March 2006
›ith reference to an auxiliary diesel engine:
Identify the indications of poor combustion;
State FOUR reasons for poor combustion;
Describe the effects on engine condition and maintenance of allowing poor combustion to
continue.
304.Ê
Question Sr 7 2007, Sr.No.9 2005
›ith reference to turbochargers:
(a) Explain the term surging, stating how it occurs, its effect on the turbocharger and how
it can be avoided;
(b) Describe how the operational performance of the turbocharger unit can be assessed;
(c) Describe the procedures for cleaning EACH of the following and explain the
precautions which should be taken;
(i) Suction air filter,
(ii) Turbine blades and nozzle ring.
305.Ê
Question Sr 7 2007,
Sketch &Describe a piston rod stuffing box incorporated in a two stroke crosshead diesel
engine which serves to prevent sludge and dirty oil from entering the crankcase.
306.Ê
307.Ê Question Sr 7 2007,
›ith reference to diesel engine maintenance:
(a) Describe the various means that are available to check the condition of a diesel engine
as a guide to when maintenance is actually needed
(b) Compare the methods described in part (a) with the use of planned maintenance
schemes
308.Ê
Question Sr 7 2007, Sr.No.9 2005
a) State, with reasons, THREE properties required of a crankcase oil which is to be used
for a trunk piston main engine
b) Explain how a representative sample of crankcase oil would be obtained from a trunk
piston engine
c) Briefly describe the action to be taken if the crankcase oil cannot immediately be
replaced and analysis shows:
i) ›ater is present
ii) Alkalinity has fallen
iii) Viscosity has changed appreciably
iv) Carbon content has increased
309.Ê
310.Ê Question Sr 7 2007,
a) Describe, with the aid of a sketch, a piston for a large slow speed crosshead engine.
Qb- State, with reasons, the materials used for different parts of the piston described
above including ring material.
Qc- Compare the relative merits of water and oil cooling for a piston
311.Ê
312.Ê Question Sr 6 2007,
Describe with the aid of a sketch, a cylinder liner for a medium speed engine.
Explain the procedure used for removal of a worn cylinder liner (assume that the piston
has already been withdrawn)
State the checks made in each of the following
Before fitting a new liner
After the new liner has been fitted
313.Ê
314.Ê Question Sr 6 2007,
Describe a starting air system fitted to an auxiliary engine, explaining how it operates.
Describe THREE safety devices fitted in a starting air system.
Explain how the cause of an engine failing to turn over on air may be determined.
315.Ê
316.Ê Question Sr 6 2007,
Explain the advantages of fitting highly rated medium speed engines with double exhaust
and air inlet valve
State the disadvantages of double arrangement
Explain the possible cause of persistent burning of exhaust valve if it is
Aeneral to most cylinders
Specific to a single cylinder.
317.Ê
318.Ê Question Sr 4 2007
›ith reference to the diesel prime movers for generators in unmanned machinery spaces;
-
Outline the monitoring and control equipment designed to protect the engine.
Describe the methods employed to test the monitoring and control equipment, during a
routine check.
319.Ê
320.Ê Question Sr 4 2007
(a) Describe, with the aid of a sketch, a main engine cylinder relief valve.
(b) List four conditions which may cause the valves sketched in (a) to lift.
321.Ê
Question Sr 1 2007
Recent experience has shown persistent damage occurring on seating faces of main
engine exhaust valves which is not confined to any particular cylinder unit.
State, with reasons the possible causes.
State the short-term action to be taken in order to minimize engine operational problems.
State with reason how future incident of this nature could be minimised
322.Ê
323.Ê Question Sr 1 2007.
Lubricating oil system for diesel engine journal bearing are usually lubricated by which
of the following method.
Splash, gravity, pressure, bypass. Justify your answer.
324.Ê MEO Class 4 EK Aeneral
325.Ê Index
326.Ê Question Sr 4 2010
327.Ê ›ith reference to control system what is
328.Ê Two step action.
329.Ê Proportional control
330.Ê Offset.
331.Ê
332.Ê Question Sr 4 2010
333.Ê Sketch a completely self contained separately fired inert gas generator system.
334.Ê Briefly describe the inert gas generator and how it operates.
335.Ê ›hat approximate analysis would the inert gas be expected to have on discharge.
336.Ê
337.Ê Question Sr 4 2010. Sr 1 2009, Sr 9 2007, Sr 8 2006
338.Ê ›ith regards to keeping the gas side of a boiler in good condition discuss each of
the following
339.Ê The mechanism of combustion stating the factors which are important for good
combustion
340.Ê Fuel oil treatment
341.Ê Soot removal equipment
342.Ê
343.Ê Question. Sr 4 2010, Sr 3 2010Sr 4 2008
344.Ê (a) State the effects of varying the percentage of Carbon in steel.
345.Ê (b) Explain the significance of alloying iron with Chromium, Molybdenum,
Nickel and Silicon separately.
346.Ê
347.Ê Question. Sr 4 2010, Sr 4 2008, Sr 9 2007,
348.Ê Explain why weighted cocks fitted on tank sounding pipes,
349.Ê Remote operated gear for bilge valve
350.Ê Ventilation pipe
351.Ê Explain why gauze is sometimes fitted
352.Ê
353.Ê Question. Sr 4 2010, Sr 9 2007,
354.Ê Describe the checks you would make while taking over a E\R. watch at sea
355.Ê Under what condition would you refuse to?
356.Ê Take over
357.Ê Hand over
358.Ê
359.Ê Question. Sr 4 2010, Sr 9 2007,
360.Ê Sketch and describe a fresh water system of a ship
361.Ê ›hat provision is made to make water portable?
362.Ê
363.Ê Question. Sr 4 2010,
364.Ê ›ith the aid of a suitable sketch explain the purpose of fitting a gravity disc in a
purifier
365.Ê ›hat are the parameter on which the size of the gravity disc depends and
366.Ê ›hat are the consequences of fitting a wrong size disc.
367.Ê
368.Ê Question Sr 3 2010
369.Ê ›ith reference to feed and content of auxiliary boiler explain significance of
hardness, alkalinity, chloride, dissolved solid.
370.Ê
371.Ê Question. Sr 3 2010, Sr 2 2009, Sr 1 2009Sr 5 2006
372.Ê ›ith regard to a reciprocating refrigerator compressor:
373.Ê (a) Sketch the mechanical shaft seal showing its component parts and how it is
lubricated.
374.Ê (b) Describe the sealing arrangement, stating what materials you would use for
the component parts.
375.Ê (c) State why the seal is fitted and what factors can cause its failure.
376.Ê (d) ›hat is the effect on the environment of the release of refrigerants into the
atmosphere?
377.Ê
378.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 4 2008,
379.Ê Describe the following conditions are prevented in auxiliary boilers
380.Ê Feed contamination by oil heating coil drains
381.Ê Internal corrosion
382.Ê Furnace blowback
383.Ê Uptake fire
384.Ê
385.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, DEC, Emergency set 2006
386.Ê ›ith reference to a typical shipboard refrigeration system;
387.Ê (a) Sketch the arrangement which controls superheat temp of refrigerant gas
leaving the evaporator
388.Ê (b) Describe the operation of the arrangement sketched in (a) assuming Freon 22
is the working medium
389.Ê (c) Explain the purpose of the equalizing connection
390.Ê
391.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 6 2009, Sr 4 2008
392.Ê ›ith reference to centrifugal separator, give reasons for:
393.Ê Vibrations, Inclusion of clutch in bowl drive.
394.Ê Contamination of gear case oil, Desludging operation not taking place, Inclusion
of clutch in bowl drive, Desludging operation not taking place.
395.Ê
396.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 10, 9, 3, 2 2008, DEC, Emergency set 2006
397.Ê ›ith reference to electric arc welding
398.Ê Draw a labeled sectional sketch of a satisfactory butt weld
399.Ê a.c. supply is usually more popular than d.c.
400.Ê
401.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 11, 3 2008, Sr 2 2008,
402.Ê Describe the procedures for maintaining the below mentioned filters;
403.Ê (a) High pressure oil supply lines to fuel valves.
404.Ê (b) Oil fuel line to purifiers.
405.Ê (c) Diesel engine air induction line.
406.Ê Discuss the reasons for fitting these appliances, the nature of the material
removed and any special arrangements for cleaning.
407.Ê
408.Ê Question Sr 3 2010, Sr 11, 3 2008, Sr 3 2006
409.Ê ›ith reference to hydraulic deck machinery:
410.Ê (a)State the sources for contamination of the system;
411.Ê (b) Describe possible effects due to contamination,
412.Ê (c) Explain how the oil can be monitored by ships staff.
413.Ê
414.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 10, 6 2008, DEC, emergency set 2006
415.Ê ›ith reference to centrifugal pumps:
416.Ê 1) Sketch typical discharge characteristics showing variation of throughput as
discharge head and speeds are altered.
417.Ê 2) State the relevance, of the discharge characteristics for the selection of an
emergency fire pump.
418.Ê
419.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. DEC 2006, Emergency set 2006
420.Ê Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking
water
421.Ê Describe using simple diagrams if necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis.
422.Ê Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system for producing fresh water
from seawater
423.Ê Describe such a system
424.Ê Advantages Claimed For Reverse Osmosis Plants.
425.Ê Pre-treatment and post treatment.
426.Ê Safety features.
427.Ê
428.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 3 2008,
429.Ê Describe the effect of Fresh water feed on auxiliary boiler
430.Ê Describe the measures taken to reduce Fresh water feed effects on auxiliary
boiler.
431.Ê Describe FIVE principle boiler water tests stating the reason for EACH;
432.Ê
433.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 4 2008,
434.Ê Sketch in a simple form a constant speed Hele Shaw pump suitable for hydraulic
steering gear
435.Ê Describe the pump and its principle of operation.
436.Ê ›hat characteristics of pump make it suitable for use in steering gear.
437.Ê
438.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 3 2008,
439.Ê ›ith, reference to main refrigeration plant give reason for each of the following
operational irregularities and state how these are dealt with: -
440.Ê (a) Rapid loss of lubricating oil from the crankcase of a * vee * block compressor,
441.Ê (b) Steady ³fall off* in refrigeration effect over a comparatively short period of
time;
442.Ê (c) Excessive * icing up * at compressor suction;
443.Ê (d) Shore cycling
444.Ê
445.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 3 2008,
446.Ê Name method of F.›. generation on board ship
447.Ê Sketch and describe any one method
448.Ê ›hat treatment is give to render it fit for drinking?
449.Ê
450.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 3 2008, Nov 2006
451.Ê Describe, with the aid of a sketch, a two stage air compressor
452.Ê Draw a set of typical indicator diagram and insert the various pressure and temp
453.Ê Indicate the effect of a leaking H.P. suction valve and excessive H.P. clearance
volume
454.Ê
455.Ê Question Sr 2 2010. Sr 3 2008,
456.Ê An auxiliary boiler water level control system has a differential pressure
transmitter as the detecting element for water level.
457.Ê (a) Sketch and describe such an arrangement.
458.Ê (b) If the transmitter was damaged describe how a replacement unit would be
calibrated.
459.Ê
460.Ê Question. Sr 6 2009, Sr 11, 4 2008
461.Ê Draw line diagram of a feed water system for an auxiliary boiler, labeling all the
principal items and showing the direction of flow.
462.Ê Explain how water level to the boiler is regulated?
463.Ê State how solid impurities are removed from feed water, which is pumped into the
boiler. Indicate how the risk of oil contamination may be reduced.
464.Ê
465.Ê Question Sr 6 2009, Sr 4 2006
466.Ê ›ith reference to equipment supplied to detect and combat hold fires in dry cargo
ships :
467.Ê Describe for a ship that carries dangerous cargo the bridge based detection system
468.Ê State how fires are dealt with bearing in mind that cargo quantity varies.
469.Ê
470.Ê Question Sr 6 2009
471.Ê Describe the boiler fuel burning system and indicate the effect of the following
472.Ê Air supply insufficient
473.Ê Air supply excessive
474.Ê Presence of water in oil
475.Ê Excessively high oil temperature
476.Ê
477.Ê Question Sr 6 2009
478.Ê Sketch a combustion gas system, suitable for inerting the cargo spaces of a vessel.
479.Ê Describe the operation of this system.
480.Ê State the percentage analysis by volume of the inert gas generated by the system
in Q (a).
481.Ê
482.Ê Question Sr 6 2009, Sr 6 2008
483.Ê Describe the means of protection against EACH of the following engine faults in
a vessel operating with UMS:
484.Ê Crankcase explosion;
485.Ê Scavenge fire;
486.Ê External fire on the engine;
487.Ê Loss of lubricating oil pressure;
488.Ê Engine overload.
489.Ê
490.Ê Question Sr 6 2009, JAN 2007
491.Ê Sketch an auxiliary boiler 'blow down' valve.
492.Ê Explain how it differs from its shipside counterpart.
493.Ê Describe the sequence of 'blow down' procedure.
494.Ê
495.Ê Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 2 2008,
496.Ê Discuss the following type of material failure. Fatigue, Creep.
497.Ê And describe how a material is tested to assess it resistance to these types of
failures
498.Ê Aive two examples of each type of failure and explain as to how in these cases the
likely hood of failure is reduced.
499.Ê
500.Ê Question Sr 4 2009
501.Ê ›ith reference to an air operated fuel oil control valve for an auxiliary boiler
combustion system:
502.Ê (a) Sketch the valve, labelling the component parts;
503.Ê (b) State the effect of air supply failure;
504.Ê (c) Describe how the valve can be operated manually;
505.Ê (d) State the factors, which require a positioner to be fitted.
506.Ê
507.Ê Question Sr 4 2009, Sr 9 2008
508.Ê Values of some main engine exhaust temperatures displayed in the engine control
room differ from those displayed on the engine for the same cylinders.
509.Ê i) Explain how it may be determined which readings are inaccurate
510.Ê ii) State possible reasons for these inaccurate readings
511.Ê iii) Explain how the location of the faults may be detected
512.Ê b) State the periodic checks which should be carried undertaken to ensure that
remote engine Instrumentation is readings accurately
513.Ê
514.Ê Question Sr 4 2009
515.Ê Sketch and describe a pneumatically operated control valve
516.Ê Explain how the valve is operated if the controller fails.
517.Ê Discuss the routine maintenance required for these valves
518.Ê
519.Ê Question Sr 4, 1 2009,
520.Ê (a) Describe the routine maintenance required for a watertight door, which has
provision for remote closure from the bridge and local operation.
521.Ê (b) State the source of power for closure of electrical and the source of power for
alarm and indicator.
522.Ê (c) ›hat routine checks are carried out, to ensure trouble free operation?
523.Ê
524.Ê Question. Sr 4 2009
525.Ê (a) State, with reasons, the causes of fatigue cracking of engineering components.
526.Ê (b) State, with reasons, how material and design defects can influence fatigue life.
527.Ê (c) ›ith reference to engine bed plate transverse girders explain how the
incidence of fatigue cracking can be minimized.
528.Ê
529.Ê Question. Sr 4 2009
530.Ê State why compressor suction and delivery valves should seat promptly.
531.Ê Explain the effect on the compressor if the air induced into the cylinder at a
temperature higher than normal.
532.Ê ›hat would be the effect of the suction valves having too much lift?
533.Ê Explain why pressure relief device are fitted to the water side of cooler casing.
534.Ê
535.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 4 2006
536.Ê ›ith reference to auxiliary boiler safety valves:
537.Ê Describe how the valves are set to lift at the desired pressure under steam
538.Ê Describe the precaution to be taken to ensure that the valve cannot be tampered
with after setting is completed:
539.Ê Explain how safety Valves can be opened manually in an emergency.
540.Ê
541.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 10, 9 2008, MARCH 2007
542.Ê Draw a detailed sketch of direct expansion two room refrigeration system and
explain its operation.
543.Ê
544.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 5 2006
545.Ê Discuss the effects of variation of carbon percentage in steel.
546.Ê Illustrate your answer by a diagram showing the effect of this variation on tensile
strength, percentage elongation and hardness of steel.
547.Ê
548.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 10 2008,
549.Ê Explain the operation of automatic self cleaning centrifuge. Detailed sketches
should be used for your explanation. Labeling principle component and indicating
directional flow of all fluid.
550.Ê Explain how dam ring contribute to efficient centrifuging with reference to oil of
different specific gravity.
551.Ê
552.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 4 2008 DEC, NOV, Emergency set 2006
553.Ê Outline the tests that are carried out on specimens of steel for ships plate.
554.Ê Explain the significance of each of the tests described in above.
555.Ê
556.Ê Question Sr 3 2009,
557.Ê Explain reason for using CP propel
558.Ê ›ith diagram explain how pitch of propeller is controlled
559.Ê
560.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 1 2009, Sr 10 2008, Sr. No. 4 APRIL 2007
561.Ê (a) Draw a line diagram of the engine room section of a bilge system for a
passenger or cargo vessel including the connection of oily-water separator; label the
principal items.
562.Ê (b) State-
563.Ê (i) ›hat type of valves are fitted in the bilge system and why? State the material
of construction of the valves.
564.Ê (ii) The means used in passenger vessel-to reduce flooding risk by way of bilge
system in the event of collision,
565.Ê (iii)The type of pump ideally used to discharge through the oily-water separator.
566.Ê
567.Ê Question Sr 3 2009, Sr 10 2008,
568.Ê Sketch an outboard type oil seal suitable for an oil filled stern tube, indicating the
principle components
569.Ê
570.Ê Question Sr 3 2009,
571.Ê Aive a line diagram of the ballast system in a dry cargo vessel and state with
reasons where
572.Ê Main and branch lines run in relation to the ships side and tanks respectively.
573.Ê Air and sounding pipes are located in the tanks
574.Ê State reasons as to why a centrifugal pump is considered suitable for use as ballast
pump.
575.Ê
576.Ê Question. Sr 2 2009
577.Ê Sketch a double acting reciprocating positive displacement pump. Indicating on
your diagram the direction of flow of liquid for one stroke of the pump.
578.Ê
579.Ê Question. Sr 2 2009
580.Ê Explain the action of each of the following metallurgical mechanisms.
581.Ê Creep
582.Ê Brinnelling
583.Ê Fretting
584.Ê Fretting corrosion-
585.Ê b) State with reasons where each of the mechanisms in a) may occur in a ship
propulsion system.
586.Ê
587.Ê Question Sr 2 2009
588.Ê Explain the following terms and give examples of where each condition might
occur
589.Ê Stress Corrosion
590.Ê Corrosion fatigue
591.Ê Creep cracking
592.Ê
593.Ê Question Sr 2 2009, Sr 10 2008, Sr 4 2008
594.Ê ›ith .reference to Electro-hydraulic steering gear:
595.Ê Discuss the possible reasons for and effects of EACH of the following faults:
596.Ê Excessive hunting; Sluggish operation
597.Ê (b) Explain any precautions that may be necessary when operating a four ram
steering gear on two rams only.
598.Ê
599.Ê Question Sr 2 2009
600.Ê ›hy piston ring freedom and condition is important
601.Ê ›hy correct clearance volume is critical to performance
602.Ê ›hy suction and delivery valve are maintained in good condition
603.Ê Suction filter should be of large size and kept clean.
604.Ê
605.Ê Question Sr 2 2009, Sr 4 2008
606.Ê ›ith reference to main air reservoir
607.Ê Sketch in detail the manner in which mountings are attached to the shell
608.Ê Explain why regular inspection is advisable
609.Ê Differentiate between the specific functions of relief valves and fusible plugs
610.Ê
611.Ê Question Sr 1 2009, Sr 2 2008,
612.Ê Sketch and describe Low pressure evaporators for the production of water
613.Ê Explain how scale can be formed
614.Ê State measures to reduce or remove scale.
615.Ê
616.Ê Question Sr 1 2009
617.Ê Sketch an automatic sprinkler system for combating fire in passenger spaces on a
ship and state ±
618.Ê (a) The safety devices incorporated in the system.
619.Ê (b) How the system is charged?
620.Ê (c) The parameters governing the volume of the pressure tank.
621.Ê (d) Means provided to prevent the passage of seawater into the pressure tank.
622.Ê
623.Ê Question Sr 1 2009, NOV 2006
624.Ê ›.R.T. centrifugal pumps
625.Ê Sketch a typical discharge characteristic showing variation of through put as
discharge head is varied
626.Ê Explain ›.R.T. pump characteristic curve the effect of the following on pump
performance
627.Ê Pump started with delivery valve shut
628.Ê Pump started with suction valve shut
629.Ê Cooler division plate carried away
630.Ê Reduction in cross sectional area of the discharge pipe to half its nominal area
631.Ê Discuss why centrifugal bilge pump differ from centrifugal seawater pump.
632.Ê Explain the function of wear ring.
633.Ê
634.Ê Question Sr 1 2009,
635.Ê ›ith reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears:
636.Ê Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the *Hunting gear*
637.Ê Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored;
638.Ê State T›O methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic pump being
motored by the operating unit
639.Ê
640.Ê Question Sr 1 2009,
641.Ê How does the cargo pumping system of a chemical product carrier differ from
that of crude oil a tanker?
642.Ê Sketch the cargo pumping system of a chemical product carrier.
643.Ê
644.Ê Question Sr 11 2008, Sr 2 2008,
645.Ê Explain why regular testing of water in auxiliary boiler is desirable.
646.Ê For each test normally carried out state
647.Ê Reasons for making the test.
648.Ê Acceptable values for any particular type of auxiliary boiler.
649.Ê Action required when measured values differ appreciably from desired values.
650.Ê
651.Ê Question Sr 11, 6 2008, DEC, Emergency set 2006
652.Ê Explain why each of the following features is considered desirable for air
compressors:
653.Ê (a) A single-throw crank for a multi-stage compressor;
654.Ê (b) Minimum clearance volume;
655.Ê (c) Multi tubular inter-stage cooler,
656.Ê (d) Aenerous size of suction filter
657.Ê
658.Ê Question Sr 11 2008,
659.Ê State why each of the following are fitted to ships steering gear system
660.Ê Brake or locking devices.
661.Ê Shock buffer relief valve.
662.Ê Steering gear stops or cut-outs.
663.Ê Rudder stop.
664.Ê Describe the routine testing of steering gear.
665.Ê
666.Ê Question Sr 11 2008,
667.Ê ›rote short notes on
668.Ê The sitting, fitting and use of thermometer pocket.
669.Ê Methods of measuring fluid flow.
670.Ê Thermocouple for measuring temperature above and below 400degreeC.
671.Ê Air distribution for control system.
672.Ê
673.Ê Question Sr 10 2008, Sr 5 2006
674.Ê Explain the concept of pH and the significance of its value in boiler water
chemical conditioning.
675.Ê State, why the pH value for the condensate is at a different value to that for the
boiler.
676.Ê
677.Ê Question Sr 9 2008
678.Ê Sketch and describe a 3 stage air compressor.
679.Ê How cylinder end clearance volume is measured and adjusted.
680.Ê ›hich parts are cooled and why.
681.Ê State the pressure and temperature at each stage.
682.Ê
683.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008,
684.Ê a. ›hat type of valve are boiler feed check valves and why.
685.Ê b. Action you would take as a watch keeping officer if there is no water in gauge
glass after blowing down.
686.Ê c. ›hat type of water test would you do on a low pressure auxiliary boiler?
687.Ê
688.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008, SEPT 2006
689.Ê (a) Make a line diagram of domestic fresh water purification system from the
evaporator to taps.
690.Ê (b) State the purposes of the following in the system.
691.Ê (i) Neuralite unit
692.Ê (ii) Hypo chlorinator unit
693.Ê (iii) Sand bed filter unit
694.Ê (iv) Carbon filter bed unit
695.Ê
696.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008
697.Ê ›hat is the purpose of a fusible plug on an air receiver and at what temperature is
it designed to melt.
698.Ê ›hat inter locks are there on the starting air system
699.Ê ›hat is the pressure of a starting air receiver?
700.Ê Explain how would you start an air compressor and stop it after overhaul.
701.Ê ›hat safety devices are fitted to a start air line?
702.Ê
703.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008, SEPT 2006
704.Ê ›rite short notes on:
705.Ê Induction hardening
706.Ê Fatigue test
707.Ê Dye penetrate test
708.Ê Creep test
709.Ê Quenching.
710.Ê
711.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008, SEPT 2006
712.Ê Referring where necessary to design, construction and operation, outline the
measures to prevent fires caused by spillage of fuel, lubricating and hydraulic oil,
involving EACH of the following:
713.Ê Oil units, pumps and fittings;
714.Ê Overflow arrangements;
715.Ê Sounding arrangements;
716.Ê Thermometer fittings;
717.Ê Heated surfaces;
718.Ê Electric cables.
719.Ê
720.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008, SEPT 2006
721.Ê Differentiate between a gate valve and a globe valve with the help of a simple
sketch. State their applications on board.
722.Ê
723.Ê Question Emery 2007-2008,
724.Ê How would you know a refrigeration system is under charged?
725.Ê ›hat is the primary function of the expansion valve?
726.Ê ›hat type of pumps are used for pumping bilges in emergency.
727.Ê Aive reasons why engine room bilge pump may not be able to empty bilges.
728.Ê ›hat is the correct method of starting and stopping a centrifugal pump?
729.Ê
730.Ê Question Sr 6 2008, sr 5 2006
731.Ê ›ith reference to pipe system
732.Ê Enumerate the various material used and the type of deterioration likely
733.Ê Describe how corrosion is reduced
734.Ê How erosion minimized
735.Ê
736.Ê Question Sr 6 2008,
737.Ê Describe with the aid of a line diagram the layout and component of a hydraulic
system suitable for operation of deck machinery
738.Ê Explain how the hydraulic system pressure is controlled assuming the use of a
variable delivery pump
739.Ê State which design of hydraulic motor is used in the system described
740.Ê
741.Ê Question Sr 4 2008, Sr 3 2006
742.Ê ›ith regard to evaporators for low temperature production of water for domestic
consumption, state:
743.Ê ›hy they should not be operated in costal waters.
744.Ê Reasons for sterilization of the product.
745.Ê The usual treatment to make the water potable.
746.Ê Reason why scale formation is not a major problem.
747.Ê ›ays of minimizing scale formation or otherwise dealing with it.
748.Ê
749.Ê Question Sr 3 2008, Sr 9 2007
750.Ê Sketch in a simple form a constant speed Hele Shaw pump suitable for hydraulic
steering gear
751.Ê Describe the pump and its principle of operation.
752.Ê ›hat characteristics of pump make it suitable for use in steering gear.
753.Ê
754.Ê Question Sr 2 2008,
755.Ê ›here an inspection of steam drum of a waste heat boiler indicates pitting in
certain areas.
756.Ê State with reasons the possible causes of such pitting. Explain how a safe
operating pressure might be determined if the boiler must be operated in such a condition.
757.Ê State how the defect might be corrected and future incident minimised.
758.Ê
759.Ê Question. Sr 2 2008,
760.Ê (a) For Freon-22 vapor compression refrigeration machine, state how each of the
following faults arc indicated and how they arc remedied;
761.Ê (i) Air in the system
762.Ê (ii) Moisture in the system
763.Ê (iii) Undercharge
764.Ê (iv) Overcharge
765.Ê (b) Describe with a diagram detailing the devices incorporated into the
refrigeration system to protect the machinery and equipment against malfunction.
766.Ê
767.Ê
768.Ê Question. Sr 2 2008,
769.Ê ›hat are the advantages and disadvantages of the single-coil type and the
straight-tube type of intercooler for air compressors?
770.Ê ›hy are the tubes and coils generally made of copper?
771.Ê
772.Ê Question. Sr 2 2008,
773.Ê State the advantages of swash plate pump compared to hele Shaw pump
774.Ê Sketch a simple diagram of a swash plate pump
775.Ê Describe its operation.
776.Ê
777.Ê Question Sr 9 2007, Sr 4 2006
778.Ê ›ith reference to Liquefied Natural Aas (LNA) Carriers, describe the following
779.Ê (a) Emergency shut down system.
780.Ê (b) Aas detection system-fixed and portable.
781.Ê
782.Ê Question Sr 9 2007,
783.Ê ›rite short notes on
784.Ê High sea suction.
785.Ê Low sea suction.
786.Ê Steam traps.
787.Ê Anti vibration mounting on A/E.
788.Ê Flexible coupling of pump.
789.Ê
790.Ê Question Sr 9 2007,
791.Ê ›hat are the safety devices fitted to an air compressor
792.Ê ›hat is the purpose of scum vale on a boiler.
793.Ê ›hat is the function of an evaporator in a ref system
794.Ê Regarding the emergency bilge injection valve what is its relevant size compared
to the main sea water injection valve.
795.Ê
796.Ê Question Sr 12 2007,
797.Ê ›ith reference to centrifugal pump state why
798.Ê Pump fails to deliver water.
799.Ê Pump vibration.
800.Ê Reduction in capacity.
801.Ê
802.Ê Question Sr 12 2007,
803.Ê (a) Draw a block diagram for a fully automated accommodation air conditioning
unit, labelling the component parts and indicating the directions of air flow.
804.Ê (b) Explain why the unit includes means of dehumidification and humidification.
805.Ê (c) A chart is used for ensuring the accommodation conditions are within the so
called Comfort Zone: what useful information does the chart give.
806.Ê
807.Ê Question Sr 12 2007,
808.Ê State the risk from hard and soft water
809.Ê Describe 5 test that are carried out on board
810.Ê ›hy regular blow down and make up of content is essential
811.Ê
812.Ê Question
813.Ê Sketch and explain the parts of a shell and tube type lubricating oil cooler
showing how the oil and water flow path and material for each part
814.Ê Explain how expansion and contraction of the tube stack of the cooler is
accommodated
815.Ê
816.Ê Question
817.Ê Explain the term water hammer indicating possible effect on the system
818.Ê State how the risk of water hammer may be avoided
819.Ê State with reasons why testing and treatment of boiler water is essential
820.Ê State with reason how boiler problem may be minimized if no water treatment is
immediately available and a stem supply must be maintained
821.Ê
822.Ê Question
823.Ê ›.r.t. the carriage of crude oil and its associated products
824.Ê Sketch an explosimeter or combustion gas indicator which can be used to check
the atmosphere of a tank or pumproom.
825.Ê ii) Describe the explosimeter and its operation
826.Ê iii) State reason that may cause the explosimeter to give a false reading
827.Ê b) For flammable mixtures, explain the meaning of the terms lower and upper
flammable limits
828.Ê
829.Ê Question
830.Ê ›ith reference to static oil / water separation
831.Ê a) State the forces that contribute towards the total force available for oil and
water separation
832.Ê b) Describe the passage of oil / water flowing through the separator discussing
how the separators design is adapted to utilise the forces stated in above.
833.Ê c) State how oil density and temperature relate to the ease of separation
834.Ê
835.Ê Question Nov 2006
836.Ê State why the presence of oil in boiler water is considered serious
837.Ê Suggest likely sources of oil contamination
838.Ê Describe how the source is traced
839.Ê Describe how the whole steam plant is restored to oil free condition
840.Ê
841.Ê Question
842.Ê Sketch a hunting gear as fitted to a hydraulic steering gear labeling the principle
items
843.Ê Explain the purpose of the hunting gear
844.Ê State how worn pins in hunting gear affect steering gear operation.
845.Ê
846.Ê Question DEC 2006
847.Ê ›hat will be the effect on the performance of deck machinery, if hydraulic oil has
the following problem?
848.Ê Fresh water contamination
849.Ê Sea water contamination
850.Ê High temperature
851.Ê Air in the system
852.Ê Dust in the system
853.Ê
854.Ê Question
855.Ê ›ith reference to impress Current method of protecting ships hull form corrosion
856.Ê Sketch and describe a fully automated impress current
857.Ê Sketch a simple transverse section of the hull and show direction of current flow
through the system
858.Ê How are the propulsion and manoeuvring system protected from carrion in the
arrangement?
859.Ê Advantages and disadvantages of this system over sacrificial anode system
860.Ê
861.Ê Question SEPT 2006
862.Ê Describe how to 'blow down¶ and 'open up' an boiler for inspection.
863.Ê Identify with reasons those parts which normally require especially close
examination during internal inspection.
864.Ê
865.Ê Question
866.Ê Ships are provided with an independent diesel or electric or air operated
emergency fire pump
867.Ê (a) State three areas in which emergency fire pumps are commonly installed and
give reasons why
868.Ê (b) Describe with aid of a simple sketch an air pump or primer used to initiate
suction when the fire pump is situated above sea water level. ›hat suction lift would you
except from a single stage pump system?
869.Ê (c) State the water jet output capacity that the pump must be capable of
870.Ê (d) State how it can be ensured that the fire pump is kept in good working order
871.Ê (e) State what precautions must be taken in sub zero temperatures?
872.Ê
873.Ê Question NOV 2006
874.Ê Sketch a 2ram type hydraulic steering gear with a single electro hydraulic
pumping unit
875.Ê Show the hunting arrangement and indicate valve position
876.Ê State the purpose of and describe the operation of
877.Ê Hydraulic shock \ buffer valve
878.Ê Oil replenishing tank
879.Ê Hunting gear
880.Ê
881.Ê Question
882.Ê Q a) i) Sketch a simple cross section through a single stage centrifugal pump with
a fully shrouded single entry impeller naming the component parts and indicating the
direction of fluid flow.
883.Ê ii) Describe:
884.Ê 1) The function of the impeller and how suction is created by it;
885.Ê 2) The function of the volute casing;
886.Ê b) State the suction lift that may be expected from the type of pump sketched in
a).
887.Ê c) State why some centrifugal pumps have:
888.Ê i) A double volute casing:
889.Ê ii) A diffuser ring.
890.Ê
891.Ê Question
892.Ê Aive reasons for each of the following conditions in a domestic refrigeration
unit:-
893.Ê Excessive high pressure at compressor discharge,
894.Ê Heavy 'icing up' of the crankcase,
895.Ê Excessive vacuum at compressor suction,
896.Ê Continual starting and stopping of the compressor,
897.Ê
898.Ê Question
899.Ê ›ith reference to cargo tanks of oil tanker
900.Ê The purpose of pressure vacuum valve
901.Ê Sketch a high velocity vent
902.Ê Describe the operation of this vent and why such a device is used
903.Ê Explain:
904.Ê The dangers of venting during the loading via open tank hatches
905.Ê ›hy the pressure / vacuum valve is not used for venting

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