, '

-01[-017)
At 17, Kodwo Eshun won an Open Scholarship to read Law at University
College, Oxford. After eight days he switched to Literary Theory, magazine
journalism and running clubs. He is not a cultural critic or cultural
commentator so much as a concept engineer, an imagineer at the
millenium's end writing on electronic music, science fiction, technoculture,
gameculture, drug culture, post war movies and post war art for The Face,
The Wire, i-D, Melody Maker, Spin, Arena and The Guardian.
-01[-016]
-
-01[-015]
More Brilliant Than The Sun:
Adventures In Sonic Fiction:
Concept Engineered By
Kodwo Eshun
More Brilliant Than The Sun is a machine for travelling at the speed of
thought , a probe for drilling into new levels of possibility space. ' Its
mission is to undermine the concepts this present has of "Health" and "Culture"
and to excite mockery and hatred against these hybrid monsters of concepts.'
Q
Quartet Books
-01[-014]
First published in Great Britain by
Quartet Books Limited in 1998
A member of the Namara Group
27 Goodge street
London W1P 2LD
Copyright @ by Kodwo Eshun 1998
All rights reserved . No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by
any means without the prior written of the publisher.
The moral right of the author has been asserted.
Every effort has been made by the publishers to clear permissi on for the use
of the photograph on the front cover of this book. The owner is invited to
submit a claim for reproduction fees.
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN 0 7043 8025 0
Printed and bound in Gr eat Britain by
Creat ive Print and Design Wales , Ebbw Vale
-01 [-013]
DISCONTENTS
OO[ -007] operating System for the Redesign of sonic Reality
01[001] World 4: Mutantextures of Jazz
Anachronic Cybernetics of the world: George Russell
Electronic Swarm Program: Teo Macero & Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock
02[013] Transmaterializing the Breakbeat
The Metamorphonic Machine is Motion-Capturing Your Nervous System:
Grandmaster Flash, Knights of the Turntable
Kidnapped by the Kinaesthetics of the Break: Mantronix and
Chep Nunez
03[025] Sampladelia of the Breakbeat
Intensify the Phonotron: ultra magnetic MCs
Assemble the Cryptogrammatron: Rammellzee
Escape into psychopathogenetics: Dr octagon
Boddhisativa Explosion in slow Motion: Cypress Hill, The RIA,
Gravediggaz, Sunz of Man
Boll Weevil Computer Brain: Funkadelic
Chase Through the Headphones: Tricky
04[062] Inner Spatializing the Song
[Towards a] MythScience of the Mixi ng Desk: The Upsetter
-01[-012]
05[067] Virtualizing the Breakbeat
Wildstyle Adventures in the Hyperdimensions of the Breakbeat:
4 Hero, Rob Playford and Goldie, A Guy Called Gerold
06[078] Programming Rhythmatic Frequencies
Migration Paths Across the Vocoder Spectrum: Cybotron, lapp,
Drexciya
Rhythmatic Bachelor Machines: Kraftwerk
Machine Tones for Psychic Therapy: The Jungle Brothers
07[093] synthetic Fiction/Electronic Thought
Abduction by Acid [Curfew]: Phuture, Bam Bam, Sleezy D
... And Came Down in Techno City: Cybotron, Model 500,
Electrifying Mojo
Inside the Sanctuary of Shockwave: The Bomb Squad
The Final Transmission from the Forever War:
Underground Resistance
Unknown Force:Offworld Mass:Oncoming Motion: scientist
Materializing Offworld Revolutions: X-102 Discovers
'The Rings of saturn'
08[138] Mixadelic Universe
We Are in Your System: Parliament
09[154] Synthesizing the Omniverse
[Dialogues Concerning] New World System Builders: Sun Ra
10[164] Cosmology of volume
The Cosmic Communications Medium is an Evolution Engine:
Alice Coltrane
Coltrane Liquid Computer: John coltrane
Shooting the Sun with a Miniature Sextant: Pharoah Sanders
A[175] Motion Capture (Interview)
B[ 19 5] Assembling the Connection Machine
C[215] Datamining the Infove,se
-01[-011]
For the Newest Mutants
-011 -0 10] -011 - 009]
THE CO- EVOLUTION
OF THE
FUTURHYTH MACHINE
-Oil -008) OO! -007)
OPERATING SYSTEM
FOR THE REDESIGN OF
SONIC REALITY
Respect due. Good music speaks for itself. No Sleevenotes required. Just
enjoy it . Cut the crap. Back to basics . What else is there to add?
All these troglodytic homilies are Great British cretinism
masquerading as vectors into the Trad Sublime. Since the 80S, the
mainstream British music press has turned to Black Music only as a rest
and a refuge from the rigorous complexities of white guitar rock. Since
in this laughable reversal a lyric always means more than a sound, while
only guitars can embody the zeitgeist, the Rhythmachine is locked in a
retarded innocence. You can theorize words or style, but analyzing the
groove is believed to kill its bodily pleasure, to drain its essence.
Allegedly at odds with the rock press, dance-press writing also turns
its total inability to describe any kind of rhythm into a virtue, invoking a
white Brit routine of pubs and clubs, of business as usual, the bovine
sense of good blokes together. You can see that the entire British dance
press - with its hagiographies and its geographies, its dj recipes , its
boosterism, its personality profiles - constitutes a colossal machine for
maintaining rhythm as an unwritable, ineffable mystery. And this is why
Trad dance-music journalism is nothing more than lists and menus, bits
and bytes: meagre, miserly, mediocre.
00[-006]
All today's journalism is nothing more than a giant inertia engine to
put the brakes on breaks, a moronizer placing all thought on permanent
pause, a {utureshock absorber, forever shielding its readers from the
future ' s cuts, tracks, scratches . Behind the assumed virtue of keeping
rhythm mute, there is a none-too-veiled hostility towards analyzing
rhythm at all. Too many ideas spoil the party. Too much speculation kills
'dance music', by 'intellectualizing' it to death.
The fuel this inertia engine runs on is fossil fuel : the live show, the
proper album, the Real Song, the Real Voice, the mature, the musical , the
pure, the true, the proper, the intelligent , breaking America : all notions
that stink of the past, that maintain a hierarchy of the senses, that
petrify music into a solid state in which everyone knows where they
stand, and what real music really is .
And this is why nothing is more fun than spoiling this terminally
stupid sublime, this insistence that Great Music speaks for itself.
At the Century' s End, the Futurhythmachine has 2 opposing tendencies, 2
synthetic drives : the Soulful and the Postsoul. But then all music is made
of both tendencies running simultaneously at all levels , so you can' t
merely oppose a humanist rub with a posthuman Techno.
Disco remains the moment when Black Music falls from the grace of
gospel tradition into the metronomic assembly line. Ignoring that disco is
therefore aUdibly where the 21St C begins, 9 out of 10 cultural crits prefer
their black popculture humanist, and emphatically 19th C. Like Brussels
sprouts, humanism is good for you, nourishing, nurturing, soulwarming -
and from Phyllis Wheatley to R. Kelly, present-day RuB is a perpetual fight
for human status, a yearning for human rights, a struggle for inclusion
within the human species. Allergic to cybersonic if not to sonic
technology, mainstream American media - in its drive to banish
alienation, and to recover a sense of the whole human being through
belief systems that talk to the ' real you' - compulsively deletes any
intimation of an AfroDiasporic futurism, of a ' webbed network' of
computerhythms, machine mythology and conceptechnics which routes ,
reroutes and criss-crosses the B ~ a c k Atlantic. This digital diaspora
connecting the UK to the US, the Caribbean to Europe to Africa, is in Paul
Gilroy' s definition a ' rhizomorphic, fractal structure' , a ' transcultural,
international formation.'
The music of Alice Coltrane and Sun Ra , of Underground Resistance
and George Russell, of Tricky and Martina, comes from the Outer Side. It
00[-005]
alienates itself from the human; it arrives from the future . Alien Music is a
synthetic recombinator, an applied art technology for amplifying the rates
of becoming alien. Optimize the ratios of excentricity. Synthesize yourself.
From the outset , this Postsoul Era has been characterized by an
extreme indifference towards the human. The human is a pointless and
treacherous category.
And in synch with this posthuman perspective comes Black Atlantic
Futurism. Whether it's the Afro Futurist concrete of George Russell and
Roland Kirk, the Jazz Fission of Teo Macero and Miles Davis , the World 4
Electronics of Sun Ra and Herbie Hancock, the Astro Jazz of Alice
Coltrane and Pharoah Sanders, the cosmophonic HipHop of Dr Octagon
and Ultramagnetic MCs, the post-HipHop of The Jungle Brothers and
Tricky, the Spectral Dub of Scientist and Lee Perry, the offworld Electro
of Haashim and Ryuichi Sakamoto, the despotic Acid of Bam Bam and
Phuture, the sinister phonoseduction of Parliament's Star Child, the
hyperrhythmic psychedelia of Rob Playford and Goldie, 4 Hero and A
Guy Called Gerald, Sonic Futurism always adopts a cruel , despotic,
amoral attitude towards the human species.
In fact the era when the History of HipHop could exhaust Machine
Music is long over. All those petitions for HipHop to be taken seriously, for
the BBC to give Techno a chance, for House to receive a fair hearing: this
miserable supplication should have ended years ago. For there' s nothing to
prove anymore: all these Rhythmachines are globally popular now.
So no more forcefeeding you Bronx fables and no more orthodox
HipHop liturgies. There are more than enough of these already. Instead
More Brilliant than the Sun will focus on the Futurhythmachines within
each field , offering a close hearing of music's internal emigrants only.
The Outer Thought of Tricky, the Jungle Brothers with their remedy for
HipHop gone i1lmatic, Aerosoul art theorist Rammellzee and his
myth illogical systems of Gothic Futurism and Ikonoklast Panzerism. No
history of Techno, however compelling, but instead a zoom in on the
Underground Resistance WarMachine, on the Unidentifiable Audio Object
of X-f02 Discovers The Rings of Saturn '. No pleas for Jungle to be
accorded proper respect, but rather a magnification of certain very
particular aspects of its hyperdimensionality, in 4 Hero, A Guy Called
Gerald, Rob Playford and Goldie.
The history book that crams in everything only succeeds in screening
out the strangeness of the Rhythmachine. In its bid for universality, such
a book dispels the artifici a lity that all humans crave.
001 -004]
By contrast, More Brilliant goes farther in. It lingers lovingly inside a
single remix, explores the psychoacoustic fictional spaces of interludes
and intros, goes to extremes to extrude the illogic other studies flee. It
happily deletes familiar names [so no Tupac, no NWA] and historical
precedence [no lying griots , not much King Tubby, just a small side bet
on the Stockhausen sweepstakesl. It avoids the nauseating American
hunger for confessional biography, for ' telling your own stories in your
own words '. It refuses entry to comforting origins and social context.
Everywhere, the ' street' is conSidered the ground and guarantee of
all reality, a compulsory logic explaining all Black Music, conveniently
mishearing antisocial surrealism as social realism. Here sound is unglued
from such obligations, until it eludes all social responsibility, thereby
accentuating its unreality principle.
In CultStud, TechnoTheory and CyberCulture, those painfully archaic
regimes , theory always comes to Music's rescue. The organization of
sound is interpreted historically, politically, socially. Like a headmaster,
theory teaches today's music a thing or 2 about life. It subdues music's
ambition, reins it in, restores it to its proper place, reconciles it to its
naturally belated fate.
In More Brilliant than the Sun the opposite happens, for once: music
is encouraged in its despotic drive to crumple chronology like an empty
bag of crisps, to eclipse reality in its wilful exorbitance, to put out the
sun. Here music's mystifying illogicality is not chastised but systematized
and intensified - into MythSciences that burst the edge of improbability,
incites a proliferating series of mixillogical mathemagics at once
maddening and perplexing, alarming, alluring.
MythScience is the field of knowledge invented by Sun Ra, and a term
that this book uses as often as it can. A sample from Virilio defines it
very simply: ' Science and technology develop the unknown, not
knowledge. Science develops what is not rational. ' Instead of theory
saving music from itself, from its worst , which is to say its best excesses,
music is heard as the pop analysis it already is . Producers are already
pop theorists: Breakbeat producer Sonz of a Loop da Loop Era 's term
skratchadelia, instrumental HipHop producer DJ Krush' s idea of
turntabilization, virtualizer George Clinton' s studio science of
mixadelics, all these conceptechnics are used to excite theory to travel
at the speed of thought , as sonic theorist Kool Keith suggested in 1987.
TechnoTheory, CultStuds et allose their flabby bulk, their lazy, pompous,
lard-arsed, top-down dominance, becoming but a single component in a
001 -003]
thought synthesizer which moves along several planes at once, which
tracks Machine Music's lines of force .
Far from needing theory's help, music today is already more
conceptual than at any point this century, pregnant with thoughtprobes
waiting to be activated, switched on, misused.
So More Brilliant than the Sun draws more of its purpose from track
subtitles than from TechnoTheory, or even science fiction. These
conceptechnics are then released from the holding pens of their
brackets, to migrate and mutate across the entire communication
landscape. Stolen from Sleevenote Manifestos, adapted from label
fictions, driven as far and as fast as pOSSible, they misshape until they
become devices to drill into the new sensory experiences, endoscopes to
magnify the new mindstates Machine Music is inducing.
More Brilliant than the Sun's achievement, therefore, is to deSign,
manufacture, fabricate, synthesize, cut, paste and edit a so-called
artificial discontinuum for the Futurhythmachine.
Rejecting today's ubiquitous emphasis on black sound's necessary
ethical allegiance to the street, this project opens up the new plane of
Sonic Fiction, the secret life of forms , the discontinuum of AfroDiasporic
Futurism, the chain reaction of PhonoFiction. It moves through the
explosive forces which technology ignites in us , the temporal
architecture of inner space, audiosocial space, living space, where
postwar alienation breaks down into the 21St C alien.
From Sun Ra to 4 Hero, today's alien discontinuum therefore operates
not through continuities, retentions, genealogies or inheritances but
rather through intervals, gaps, breaks. It turns away from roots; it opposes
common sense with the force of the fictional and the power of falsity.
One side effect of the alien discontinuum is the rejection of any and
all notions of a compulsory black condition. Where journalism still
insists on a solid state known as 'blackness' , More Brilliant dissolves this
solidarity with a corpse into a f1uidarity maintained and exacerbated by
soundmachines.
Today's cyborgs are too busy manufacturing themselves across time-
space to disintensify themselves with all the Turing Tests for
transatlantic, transeuropean and transafrican consciousness:
affirmation, keeping it real, representing, staying true to the game,
respect due, staying black. Alien Music today deliberately fails all these
Tests, these putrid corpses of petrified moralism: it treats them with
utter indifference; it replaces them with nothing whatsoever .
OO[ -0021
It deserts forever the nauseating and bizarre ethic of ' redemption'.
AfroDiasporic Futurism has assembled itself along inhuman routes,
and it takes artificial thought to reveal this . Such relief: jaws unclench,
as conviction collapses.
Where crits of CyberCult still gather, 99.9% of them will lament the
disembodiment of the human by technology. But machines don ' t distance
you from your emotions, in fact quite the opposite. Sound machines
make you feel more intensely, along a broader band of emotional
spectra than ever before in the 20th Century.
Sonically speaking, the posthuman era is not one of disembodiment
but the exact reverse: it 's a hyperembodiment, via the Technics SL 1200. A
non-sound scientist like Richard Dawkins ' talks very happily about cultural
viruses ,' argues Sadie Plant, 'but doesn't think that he himself is a viral
contagion.' Migrating from the lab to the studio, Sonic Science not only
talks about cultural viruses, it is itself a viral contagion. It's a sensational
infection by the spread of what Ishmael Reed terms antiplagues.
Machine Music doesn' t call itself science because it controls
technology, but because music is the artform most thoroughly
undermined and recombinated and reconfigured by technics. Scientists
set processes in motion which swallow them up: the scientist's brain is
caught up in the net. Acid's alien frequency modulation turns on its dj-
producers Phuture and Sleezy D and begins to ' stab your brain' and
'disrupt thought patterns ' .
Yet in magnifying such hitherto ignored intersections of sound and
science fiction - the nexus this project terms Sonic Fiction or
PhonoFiction - More Brilliant paradoxically ends up with a portrait of
music today far more accurate than any realistic account has managed.
This is because most recent accounts of Black Music - those which form
the dominant humanist strain in the commemoration of Black Music, its
official histories - are more than anything wish fulfilments : scenarios in
which Acid never eXisted, in which Electronic Jazz never arrived, in
which the Era of the Rhythmachine never happened.
By contrast , More Brilliant is a mechanography, an omnidirectional
exploration into mechano-informatics , the secret life of machines which
opens up the vast and previously unsuspected coevolution of machines
and humans in late 20th C Black Atlantic Futurism.
Alien Music is all in the breaks: the distance between Tricky and
what you took to be the limits of Black Music, the gap between
Underground Resistance and what you took Black Music to be, between
00[-0011
listening to Miles u Macero' s He Loved Him Madly and crossing all
thresholds with and through it, leaving every old belief system: rock,
jazz, soul, Electro, HipHop, House, Acid, Drum' n' Bass, electronics,
Techno and dub - forever .
The mayday signal of Black Atlantic Futurism is unrecognizability, as
either Black or Music. Sonic Futurism doesn' t locate you in tradition;
instead it dislocates you from origins . It uproutes you by inducing a gulf
crisis, a perceptual daze rendering today's sonic discontinuum
immediately audible.
The Futurist producer can not be trusted with music's heritage.
Realizing thiS, UK and US dance media spring forward , to maintain these
traditions the producer always abandons. Media' s role is to defend an
essence, by warding off all possible infections : journalists become
missionaries on behalf of HipHop; they battle for the soul of Techno.
Which is why at Century' s End you tune into sensory frequencies
undetectable to the happy tinnitus of good solid journalism. You are
willingly mutated by intimate machines, abducted by audio into the
populations of your bodies . Sound machines throw you onto the shores
of the skin you're in. The hypersensual cyborg experiences herself as a
galaxy of audiotactile sensations .
You are not censors but sensors, not aesthetes but kinaesthetes . You
are sensationalists. You are the newest mutants incubated in womb-
speakers . Your mother, your first sound. The bedroom, the party, the
dancefloor, the rave: these are the labs where the 21st C nervous systems
assemble themselves, the matrices of the Futurhythmachinic
Discontinuum. The future is a much better guide to the present than the
past. Be prepared, be ready to trade everything you know about the
history of music for a single glimpse of its future.
00[000]
world 4
01[001]
WORLD 4:
M UTR NTEXTU RES
OF JRZZ
The last 2 decades of jazz constitute a collective machine for forgetting
the years '68- '75, the Era when its leading players engineered jazz into
an Afrodelic Space Program, an Alien World Electronics . 70S fusion , 80S
neo-classical, 90S Acid jazz, jazz rap, freejazz : all these bitter enemies
are united in their absolute aversion/ amnesia to the jazz Fission Age. All
hark back to before or after the Electronic Era that starts with George
Russell's '68 Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature and ends with
Macero's !J Miles 's Dark Magus in '75.
From Ra to George Russell to Miles !J Macero to Alice Coltrane to
Pharoah Sanders to Herbie Hancock to Eddie Henderson to julian
Priester to The Tony Williams Lifetime to Larry Young and on, the Inner
Space Age generated the most audacious, ambitious and awe-inducing
music to emerge from America.
But today in ' 98, it is as if the Futurhythmachines of this Electronic
Era had never existed. Music has utterly retreated from the towering,
overwhelming ambition of this era. just like Techno, jazz Fission -
America ' s greatest moment - has been utterly disappeared.
Electronic jazz is when the engineer crosses the glass. Electric jazz
01[002)
peoples the world with hallucinations. Astro jazz is Alice Coltrane
blaspheming against jazz by remixing A Love Supreme. Jazz Fi ssion
dissolves the border between mute and trumpet, wah-wah and organ,
effect and instrument . Psychedelic Jazz derealizes sound into hornets
and quasars. Cosmic jazz is unease, the monstrous deliquescence of the
mixing desk. World 4 jazz is an ominous drift towards origins unknown.
Rttribute: Rssassin
Jazz Fission did more than melt the hierarchies which jazz tradition
works so hard to maintain. As the cyclotron that produced mutant
matter and polyrhythmic psychedelias, it triggered a post-jazz universe .
The dates for the assassination of jazz are numerous and all its assassins
have long since stepped forward: Coltrane, Ornette, Ra , Miles . Unlike the
Art Ensemble's declaration of jazz as 'Great Black Music', Futurhythmic
Fission treats the Tradition as effects, inputs to be fed into its giant
Connection Machine.
Liquefying everything generates a confusion that quickly calcifies,
into orthodoxy on one hand and into near-total amnesia on the other.
Both responses were accelerated by the engineer-musicians themselves ,
who, dispirited and drained by poor sales, switched from fission to
fusion and disparaged the Afrodelic era as a rash experiment , a failure .
Anachronic Cybernetics of the World: George Russell
The 2 versions of composer George Russell's Electronic Sonata for Souls
Loved by Nature, from '68 and ' 80, are auditions of jazz augmented for
the unknown hazards of inner space. In the Cybernetic Age, jazz must
move through the centre of the cyclone, implode and be reassembled as
electromagnetic dub. Instead of invoking jazz as an art , a beautiful soul
which defies the military industrial complex, Russell technologizes jazz
until it becomes an art-industrial complex: 'The tape was prepared at the
Electronic Music Studios of the Swedish Radio Ensemble on a huge
computer. It is meant to suggest that man, in the face of encroaching
technology, must confront technology and attempt to humanize it, to
explore inner, as well as outer space.'
01 [003)
Mixillogical
For Russell, the Electronic Sonata is a global music, a ' panstylistic
electronic tape; a tape composed of fragments of many different styles
of music, avant-garde jazz, ragas, blues, rock, serial music etc, treated
electronically ... a palate upon which non electronic musical statements
of a panstylistic nature could be projected. ' This convergence of collages
turns the Electronic Sonata into a mixillogical machine: the fleeting
friction of timbral incongruities, incompatible sound blocs rubbing
against each other. Blurring the realtime < >tape distinction creates a
fictional sonata of impossible music. The collage of heavy rock, Indian
ragas and Moroccan voices is processed into an electromagnetic mirror
mix, then looped into tapes which Terje Rypdal slashes at with guitar
and Jan Garbarek corrodes with astringent tenor sax.
Tape + electronic treatments + live musics = Texturological
Stratusphunk: 'There are three people playing at once on that tape but
the tape is so integrated with the other electronic material it ' s hard to
distinguish what's what. ' Electronic mirages descend in palls , shrouding
the outlines of sound in amorphous reefs of fog through which midrange
attacks surge.
Journey to the Centre of the Head
Unlike Holger Czukay's shortwave or Lee Perry's tv sampling, Russell's
electromagnetic forcefield falls in a haze as indefinite as a neuromantic
sky tuned to the colour of dead tv. The vapourdrift of tapehiss seeps
through the jagged guitar signals and sax tones, derealizing the borders
between live and synthetic nOise, and unreal and real time, into
colourfields that flipflop at the periphery of perception.
Listening to the Electronic Sonata, Events I-XIV is like growing a 3rd
Ear. The perpetual palimpsest of impossible events demands a new
neuromuscular interface. You become a human Oncomouse, ear
sprouting from your neck in a fleshy umbrella .
Fragmental
At 6 mins fog seeps in over test-tones and clanking chains. Applied
intensively, electrons confuse solids with signals and metal with
information, mystifying the ear as sounds escape their acoustic body and
shed their envelope to become formless . Space coagulates then crinkles,
altering its density, convoluting perspectives until sounds reach you in
fractions and fragments. Your powers of recognition are shot to hell as
01[0041
you move through a baffling republic of indistinct matter . Current
attracts you towards a powerstation that shrinks into coins spinning on
glass. At 13 mins everything is suffused in an unlocatable roar , heard
through fog banks like Vittorio Gelmetti's ominous drones in Antonioni's
'64 film II Deserto Russo. At 15 mins, Garbarek's Shepp-style sax, all
acrid Twombly-ized scribbles, starts dueting with a high frequency.
Violins swoop abysmally. Gravity drops out , opening a horizon at the far
edge of perception. Organ spirals through in curling flames as African
percussion fades into hearing. At 20 mins , OSCillators materialize into
earshot, forming unknown metallophonic alloys, melding with marimba
maze. 'The thing that sounds like a marimba is actually an old African
man and his two sons. The voices heard on the Electronic Sonata are of
a 70-year-old African and his two sons. An African lute is being used. A
friend brought me a tape of Ugandan folk music so we just ran that
through some ring modulators.' Textures superimpose each other before
being swallowed up by the reverberations from a hidden powersource.
At 23 mins, tape-simulated synthetic sonorities strafe across a harmonic
curtain of church organ. Tumbling motion, like urchins drumming in the
cavities of cast metal , slowly resolves itself into percussion, pulling
focus on your hearing.
Textural strata of the Mix
In Part II of Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature, North African
lute and voice signals travel across space, panning past each other. Hand
drums throw out rustling bridges of intermittence. The second voice
fades into earshot, materializing out of cymballic shimmer.
The voices in Part II Event VIll exist in the simultaneous future- past
time of the mix. The Sonata is mixology in un'real time.
At 3 mins , Rypdal ' s guitar crashes in . >is sucked into the maw of ring
modulation. At 6 mins , the tape is treated until it becomes a ghost
orchestra. Circled by escalating radii, you hear a new world, a
wraithscape of delocalized chimes, echoes arriving from origins unknown,
distant splashes. At 12 mins , space undergoes topologi cal involution,
rotating oscillations through a helical scan. Bass and piano momentarily
surface, acoustic reliCS flung from the edge of the electromagnetic vortex.
At 16. 50 mins, sheets of wah-wah cut through space, are baffled by a
fogbank which falls before your ears. You stop hearing through to the
guitar; the space through which sound travels turns gaseous. Instead of
transporting sound, space thickens and impedes it.
01[0051
The Conceptechnics of Destratified Dub
By reconfiguring jazz through the magnetic labyrinth, Russell and the
engineers at the Swedish Radio Electronic Music Studio manufacture the
magnetic vortex of dub in '68.
At 18 mins, percussion tumbles like a drum is being kicked over. The
church organ plays underwater. Shortwave leakage fuses with the
transient tones of radio, mobile and bell trees . At 22 mins, the drone
modulates into the whine of aeroplanes taxiing on the runway. Sounds
lose their harmonic profile, alter their stabilized identity in the
electromagnetic process of folk implosion.
Electronics, as McLuhan recognized, massifies listeners into
electribes . But electronics doesn' t decant tribes from tradition into the
present, because Trad sonic technologies are already futuristic . 'The old
Norwegian church organ was the material this whole tape is based on -
in conjunction with this African music which fits into the world cultural
implosion. I wanted to reflect the cultural implosion occurring among the
Earth's population, their coming together. '
Subsumption Rhythm
Russell's magnetic mixology accelerates a discontinuum in which the
future arrives from the past. The percussion choir is a Rhythmachine
simplified by the tapedelay of Steve Reich-era minimalism. The Ghanaian
drumchoir distributes polyrhythms into strata that Russell terms Vertical
Form: 'In the African drumchoir, one drummer is the rhythmic gravity
while the others gradually layer on sophisticated rhythms on top of this
tonal centre. The whole isn't really evolving in a horizontal way; it 's
evolving in complexity and density. It's vertical energy getting higher
and higher, compounding. '
The drumchoir complexifies the beat into distributed
Polyrhythmachines, webbed networks of poly'counter'contra'cross'
staggered rhythms that function like the dispersed architecture of
artificial life by generating emergent consciousness. Russell: ' Music is
architecture. I build structures. Buildings go up - they're vertical forms.
My focus is on the vertical evolution of a form, not necessarily on the
horizontal / linear exposition of that form.' Rhythm = webs of
intermittence, cyclic rhythms that are in synch but out of phase. The
claSSical musics of the Ghanaian drumchoir, Balinese gamelan orchestras,
Indian and Jajouka master musicians are what producer Kirk DeGiorgio
terms ARTs - Advanced Rhythmic Technologies - already centuries old.
01(006)
The older the Rhythmachine, the more futuristic it is. For George
Russell - like Stockhausen, Coltrane and Holger Czukay - to go back into
a Ghanaian or Ind ian or Vietnamese sonic past is to go forward into a
new future . To listen to an ART is hearing the evolution of technology 5
centuries down the line.
Electronic Swarm Program: Teo Macero & Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock
The Medusa Complex of Mutantextures
Launched by producer Teo Macero and composer Miles Davis, amplified
Afrodelia transmolecularized the solid states of sound into a continental
drift. Inputs include Hendrix-era rock, fuzz, wah-wah pedals, Sly and the
Family Stone' s spaced funk, the electronics of the clavinet , the Arp, the
Moog, tape-delay dub, the tense nervous string attacks of Varese, the
tabla and sitar of Badal Roy, the hyperrhythmic percussion webs of
Hermeto Pascoal and Airto Moreira.
Between ' 68 and ' 75, Macero u Miles, Hancock et al turned effects
into instruments, dissolving the hierarchy by connecting both into a
chameleonic circuit which generated new mutantextures . Amplified
trumpet, wah-wah pedal, clavi net, echoplex unit, organ, guitar: all these
became new instruments, grafted hybrids , unicorn sounds, centaur
sounds . Effects are now acoustic prosthetics, audio extensions , sonic
destratifiers , electric mutators, multipliers and mutagents.
Cyberneticist Kevin Kelly hears an electronic ecology emerging,
where ' one machine 's input is another machine 's output.' In this Medusa
Complex of feeds and leads, sound machines ' form foodwebs ' and prey
upon each other. In Herbie Hancock's ' 73 Hornets, the seething,
treacherous 19 min 36 sec futurhythmaze exemplifies the mutagenic
matrix. Passing the clavinet signal through the fuzz-wah pedal sends the
synthesizer through the body of the guitar, producing a boaconstrictor
tone that combines the clench of the clavinet with the choke of the wah-
wah. Moving through the echoplex, constriction is cloned from a singular
sensation into an environment that dunks you headfirst in a horde of
heat-seeking killer bees.
Listening becomes a chase through the thickets of percussion. Motile
tonalities, origin unknown, swarm after you , bugging you out as they
disappear around the edges of the rhythmaze, obscured by overgrowth,
01(007)
rebound off the walls of the webweave.
On Macero's u Miles' Gondwana from Pangaea, the organ is sent
through wah-wah until it plays sustained chords from an impossibly
elongated guitar.
Destratifiers
Electronic effects are destratifiers because they dissolve the
organization of the instrument, liquefy the stratification of sound. In the
Afrodelic Era, effects defect from cause, redistributing themselves until
it's impossible to hear which instrument generates which sound. A
sound < >vision schizmatix emerges; audio es'capes from its acoustic body,
compelling a new menagerie of sound machinery, tweaking you to invent
fictional instruments from World 4.
The distinction between real music and soundeffects collapses, in a
stream of sonic matter that crosses from the liquid state of piano sustain
into the gas state of mute horn vapourdrift. He Loved Him Madly is all
derealization, vapour trails of origin less sound, viscous drift of organ =
trumpet = guitar. Macero remixes the organ from another session onto
the PolyRhythmengine, filters the trumpet through the mixing desk,
through effects designed by Columbia ' s engineers.
The schizophonic Era
Schizophony is R. Murray Schafer's term for the audible inferno of the
post-war soundscape, the era when industrial communications split
sound from its sources, 'becoming a fearful medium because we cannot
see who or what produces the sound: an invisible excitement for the
nerves.' With Macero u Miles, schizophony becomes endemic.
Insectile Texturhythm
You're in what producer Dr S. Gachet calls the audiomaze, the electric
insectland that incites invisible excitement . Invisible because albums
from the Electronic Era teem with percussion that ' s evolved into unseen
insectile lifeforms . The sleeve for '75' S Dark Magus shows Miles wearing
bug-green fly shades, adapting to the audiomenagerie by becoming
insectile himself. Superfly shades access the tsetse fly 's magnified
vision. Sight becomes compounded, triggering the reticulated hearing
electroniC jazz demands.
Chittering, cawing, creaking, shrieking, rattling, shaking: percussion
becomes a nonlinear malevolence. Rhythm is a biotechnology. The
01[008]
Hancock PolyRhythmengine is a biotech in perpetual motion. Its
t exturhythmfields are too distributed and too fugitive for the ear to
catch. Percussion becomes a rhythm shower in which distributed beats -
treacherous underfoot, glimpsed overhead - fall through the body like
rain through lianas.
The skin hears the polyrhythmic shower as a creeping, writhing
tactility. Sudden yet imperceptible shifts across the amplified
percussapellic field - from rattling to chittering - conduct these across
the skin, dropping body temperature as they writhe and seize the dermal
terrain. Crickets, cicadas, treefrogs , hummingbirds flitting between the
carbon-based rainforest . Hence the Rhythmengine of Maupin, Henderson
et al calling themselves ' Headhunters' , taking on Pygmy magic.
Side 2 of '73's Sextant, the final album in his convulsive, brilliant
World 4 Trilogy - after '7"S Mwandishi and '72' S Crossings - is taken up
entirely by the malignant hybrids of Hornets. Hancock's clavi net and
Buster Williams 's fuzz bass double each other in throttling chords that
coil and unfurl like flaring cobras.
Against a trunkular superheavy bass, Billy Hart's cymbal hiss simmers
maintaining a pneumatic pressure which stokes the PolyRhythmengine,
the imminent threat of the groove. Julian Priester ' s bass clarinet
insinuates a sinister motion like a subterranean sidewinder undulating
over shifting sand. Patrick Gleason' s synth oscillates from bassdrones to
treefrog croaks to squeals that lead into abysmal squawls.
By the alien power of distributed being agents can
be lifted into a type of colony intelligence by
connecting them in bulk
Kev;n Kelly
The Para human Biology of Sound Machines
In the Afrodelic Era, percussive strata and polyrhythmic engines
converge in a zone of para human elusiveness. Fugitive and tensile,
World 4 hyperrhythm makes audible the treacherous biocomputer of
Amos Tuotola ' s '58 novel My Life in the Bush of Ghosts. Tuotola 's
carceral Bush of Ghosts, like the Amazonian jungle or the Central African
rainforest , is a distributed biocomputer, an example of Kelly's ' massively
parallel bioengineered adaptation .. Natural evolution is a computational
process of adaptation t o an everchanging environment.'
01[009]
My Life in the Bush of Ghosts accelerates ' the alien power of
distributed being' into a medium, across which signals and frequencies
crackle into electromagnetic ghosts . Tuotola opens a technology- magic
continuum in which radio becomes an Invisible Magnetic Missive sent to
you from Home. TV turns into a ghost medium haunted by the television-
handed ghostess: ' When she told me to look at her palm and opened it
nearly to touch my face, it was exactly as a television. '
It is the entire globe pulsating in my brain
"'at; Klarwe;n
The Electribal Continuum<>The Past Arrives from the Future
Electric machines feed forward into the past. Tribal technology arrives
from a marauding future. Mati Klarwein' s and Tadanoori Yokoo's Miles
DaviS and Robert Springett ' s Hancock covers are Sonic Visions ,
soundings in paint which dramatize this electribal continuum.
On Sextant a North African boy and girl dance on a desert planed
like a runway. A cratered moon hangs over them. A giant chain of beads ,
its 2 strands breaking out of an amulet like metallic antennae, floats
past a ziggurated pyramid, a Babylonian <> Egyptian observation tower.
Flip the sleeve over and there's an alien African in a robe, his bony
fingers pointing to the giant chain. Behind him is an azure Buddha mask
with roseate eyes, sun bursting behind it , clouds billowing.
With Bitches Brew Klarwein illustrates his electribal cyborgs,
paradisical girl-boy couples . On the front , the girl's hair twists into a
swirl of striped gas that hurls itself across the thermal currents into a
blue-black stormcloud. It 's a reversible weather circuit, so the electric
storm Simultaneously generates Dali ' s atmospherocephalic current which
produces the girl. On the back, a singing man, face set in delirious
concentration, is surrounded by a stellar forcefield. Against a star
cosmos, an albino boy, the reverse of the calm black face with blue lips
on the front, weeps brown tears.
For the cover to Thrust, Hancock' s an Afronaut - a pilot operator
looking disdainfully out of the bubble window, as his fingers play the
synthesizer-control panel that will guide his ufo down through the
purple mists and onto the mountain-top runway. The runway is Assyrian
tech, with a city carved into the pl ateau. A giant moon, its mauve craters
like planetary pus tules, looms overhead, blocking out the sky.
01[010]
Crossings reveals that the wizened men with elongated skulls,
standing in their white robes, are North African necromancers, alien
visitors . The scene's anachronized by a boy with the same Pharaonic
profile as the ageing viziers , sitting on the edge of a wave which sweeps
across the back sleeve into the black sea-depths of the front sleeves.
The necromancers are standing in water. There's a boat pulling in but
there's no beach; the jet-blue waves lap onto more water instead of a
shore. Refugees huddle against the coast wind.
In Yokoo's Agharta sleeve, the title forms a phonotron that blasts off
from a city framed in lush foliage and a red liquid flux which arches out
of the skyscrapers. On the back a tractorbeam draws a ufo out of a city
and up through an underwater sky of coral reefs.
Pan<>Alien Astro<>African Space Program
In the Age of Afrodelia, the jazz composer becomes the audio alchemist .
Afrodelia triggers an alternating current of technology and magic in the
Sleevenote artwork of Yokoo, Springett and Klarwein. The futuristic and
the archaic reverse polarities , and chase each other down into an
anachronistic futurepast. On Mwandishi and Sextant, the Herbie Hancock
Septet take on Swahili names. Herbie Hancock = Mwandishi. Benny
Maupin = Mwile. Dr Eddie Henderson = Mganga. Julian Priester = Pepo.
Buster Williams = Mchezaji. Billy Hart = Jabali.
This doesn' t ground them or earth them in their roots . Instead, it
aerealizes them for take-off, a Buddhist <. Swahili septet launched on the
Pan < . Alien Astro < . African-American Space Program.
Collapsar
Klarwein, Yokoo and Springett exemplify Afrodelia, anachronizing past
and future into what Miles calls Yesternow. As Sarah Connor says to Kyle
Reece in The Terminator: ' You' re talking about things I haven't done yet ,
in the past tense.' World 4 Art-Sound opens up what Joe Haldeman in his
novel The Forever War terms a collapsar. The collapsar, a slippage in
time, is a collapsed star in which the times between what's to come and
what hasn' t happened yet implode and fold upon each other. Tape
plasticizes time into malleable material.
01[011]
Afro<>Electric
Hendrix adopts Bob Dylan's Afro and wires it for feedback. Gunter
Kieser ' s ' 69 The Medusa Head poster shows Hendrix's Afro electrified to
transmit alternating current : 'Everything is electrified nowadays. That is
why the name Electric Sky Church flashes in and out. I am Electric
Religion. We're making music into a new kind of Bible, a Bible that you
can carry in your hearts . One that will give you a physical feeling.' And
the Gods Made Love psychedelicizes cybernetics by turning the guitar
into a jetstream engine: a 90-second sound painting of the heavens, a
tone generator of sound spectra.
Chaosmos
Electronic Jazz 's rapid transitions from extreme turbulence to prolonged
static lulls suggest that it exists at the dissipative edge of ordered chaos,
making audible the chaotic order being discovered by Benoit
Mandelbrot . Whoever controls the effects controls the means of
mutation. Effects inaugurate an alchemical era, a science of nonlinear
synthesis .
Electric Jazz incorporates the sound of reversed tape - the gradual
ominous buildup, the abrupt cut-off attack - as a new panic dynamics.
Or the tapes could be reversed in the studio by the engineer. With You 'JI
Know When you Get There from '71 ' S Mwandishi, there's a new
electronics of jagged edges, screaming attacks and appalling pauses , the
futurepast of time running backwards while it ' s playing forward .
The Past Feedsforward into the Future
With '74' S Nobu, Hancock invents hi-tech fusion , Techno before the
event that opens a new plateau in today's electronics. Ignored on its
release, Nobu compels a switchback in time as its forgotten past arrives
from the future to scramble the present. Nobu's sequences are the aural
parallel of Op Art's retinal rivalry. Unable to resolve the Op Art image,
the eye vacillates. Hearing wavers as it struggles to keep up with the
track' s psychoacoustic illusion of 2 speeds that run ahead of the electric
piano's bass rhythmelody. Its arrangement is what Patrick Gleason terms
syntharmonic, not melodiC but rhythmatic attack velocities . Drumbeats
are replaced by Moog texturhythms . It spirals off into a solo interrupted
by open-throated choral chords which pull focus , zooming out to the
endless horizon of the synthetic s ublime.
Diss olve Techno's faith in Kraftwerk as the foundation of today's
01[012]
electronics, and Alien Music' s lines of inheritance break up, go
Wildstyle. With the collapse of Kraftwerk' s consensual future , Techno
doesn' t die. It just loses its sense of itself as the definitive, single
direction of music' s future . Atlantic Futurism is always bUilding
Futurhythmachines, sensory technologies , instruments which renovate
perception, which synthesize new states of mind. World 4 Jazz is a
transmolecularizer which fluctuates the steady states of organized
sound. Seeping in from the futurepast , it feedsforward into the present ,
anachronizing everything it reaches. Assembled from molecular
components of rhythm, the Breakbeat is an Applied Rhythmic
Technology, an ART that sets cultural velocity and cultural inerti a in
motion. By mobilizing rhythms across the communication landscape, the
Rhythmengine crosspollinates the eager fan , transmaterializes your
sensorium through the onomatopoeic illogic called HipHop.
02[013]
'TRA NSM ATE RI A LIZ I N G
1
THE BREAKBEAT
The Metamorphonic Machine is Motion-Capturing Your Nervous System:
Grandmaster Flash, Knights of the Turntable
The possibility Space of Breakbeat Science
'The discovery of the DNA code, for example, is focusing on how you can
create different species of beings by starting from the very smallest
particles and their components, ' Karlheinz Stockhausen has said. 'That is
why we are all part of the spirit of the atomic age. In music, we Clo
exactly the same. ' By opening the possibility space of Breakbeat science,
dj, mixer and rap pioneer Grandmaster Flash extends and deepens this
' 71 observation.
'After I took the title [of Grandmaster Flash) I knew I had to start
going to a laboratory, so to speak, and invent new ideas.' For Flash in
' 81 , going to the lab means approaching the studio as a research centre
for the breaking down of the beat. In the lab, the Breakbeat is isolated
and replicated, to become the DNA of rhythmic psychedelia.
-
02[014]
The Rhythmotor .
The Breakbeat is a motion-capture device, a detachable Rhythmengine,
a movable rhythmotor that generates cultural velocity. The break is any
short captured sound whatsoever. Indifferent to tradition, this
functionalism ignores history, allows HipHop to data mine unknown
veins of funk, to groove-rob not ancestor-worship. For the funktionalist
all the world is dubmaster Lee Perry' s 'Turntable Terranova' . As DJ
Shadow suggests , HipHop is therefore not a genre so much as an omni -
genre, a conceptual approach towards sonic organization rather than a
particular sound in itself.
Enhance 57: 19
Investigating the building blocks of the beat, Grandmaster Flash crosses
the threshold of microrhythm: ' The Incredible Bongo Band, Bongo Rock,
johnny the Fox, The Bel/s, Bob James' Mardi Gras. I would really like
"pop pop pop pop poppoppop u u u". I would like break the shit down to
8th, 16th notes. It amazed me sometimes .'
Both the name - ' Grandmaster Flash' - and the '81 track title - The
Amazing Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel - are
Sonic Fiction. The ' Flash' points to the Supersonic Science of
skratchadelia, the dj as DC Comics hero, the term ' Grandmaster' to levels
of skills and depth of induction into the martial artform of dj-ing. The
name Grandmaster Flash brings together comics and kung fu movies ,
superhero and Shaolin ' in a mythical battle' . The name ignites an
adventure of concepts, a fusion of sensations that catalyses a virtual
world at what David Toopcalls 'the fantasy level' . This plane of fantasy is
Marshall McLuhan' s industrial folklore of Man gone supernova.
The conceptechnics of the Turntable
In mythifying the decks as the ' Wheels of Steel' , Flash inaugurates the
machine mythology of the turntable. This new conceptual technology or
conceptechnics presupposes t hat the decks have become a state of mind
for the dj . After Flash, the turntable becomes a machine for building and
melding mindstates from your record collection.
The turntables, the TechniCS deck, become a subjectivity engine
generating a stereophonics, a hifl consciousness of the head, wholly tuned
In and turned on by the found noise of vinyl degeneration that hears
scratches, crackle, fuzz, hiss and static as lead instruments. The HipHop
fanatic lives inside the 12, rides across t he surface of the sleeve, shrinks
02[015]
until the same size as the stylus scoring its revolutions round the mind.
You can see Turntable Consciousness in 3D < . Robert Del Naja's
paintings for Mo Wax's ' 96 Headz 2 CD, where the tone arm is poised to
circle the grooves of a flaming head, haloed by the turntable. The flight
of the stylus launches the 12 on its Journey to the Centre of the Head.
By breaking down the intro into 2 words, 'You say' , Flash opens up a
new micro-universe of split-second speech. Adventures drags you into
the performative world where syntax splits into kommand modules
instruktion engines, actuators. '
Skratchadelia = Wreckage Made Rhythmic
With Flash, the dj becomes an initiate, inducted into a Microsonic
Science which converts voices into new rhythm effects - in ' 93,
Breakbeat wizard Droppin' SCience, then known as Sonz of a Loop da
Loop Era , terms this 'skratchadelia ' . HipHop's admirers always applaud
skratchadelia for its percussive qualities . But this is both lazy and vague.
To scratch is to evolve the turntables into a tone generator , a
defamiliarizer, a word-molecularizer. Skratchadelia isn't a rhythm so
much as its wreckage made rhythmiC. To call it 'percussive' is as feeble
as calling the rhythm synthesizer a 'drum-machine', and another
archetypal example of futureshock absorption and [rlearview hearing,
protecting you from what you're hearing - which is frequencies rather
than kickdrums, a Violence against vinyl rather than respect due to the
greats , a furiOUS impatience with funk , a surgical excision of drums and
bass hi-tension from tradition.
Skratchadelia is really conscientious desecration, the noise of
artefacts being obliterated into streams of vocal-vinyl matter.
Skratchadelia phaseshifts music into a new phonoplastic alloy. Voices
are molecularized into chattering, gibbering textures, into globules of
pitch that grumble and shift along the spectrum of TechniCS speed,
phased and panned by the transformer switch.
Skratchadelia is a synthetic aestheti c of painstaking abuse and sonic
sabotage. Only for the obliterati, the virtuosi who force vinyl [in)to
matter. Scratching destratifies voice and vinyl into new textures
standing on the border between solid and liquid. It turns beats into
sonic matter in flux.
Adventures is therefore the operating manual of all skratchadelia.
Flash cuts The Hellers 60S psychploitation album Singers, Talkers,
Players, Swingers and Doers, opera ting on its children's story. The
02[016]
incised dialogue nestles up to the ear in intimate closeup. ' Why don ' t
you tell me a story? Please tell me a story too. You know I think I' ll tell
you the story of my life. I was born, in Animus , North Dakota , a long
time ago , see .. . Well, it went pretty much like this,' at which point Flash
grates the vinyl into 9 harsh scratches, blocs of rhythmic basstexture
shredded like classified documents : 'Grandmaster cuts faster. ' Bass .
'Grandmaster.' Bass. 'Cut .' Bass. ' Cuts ... cuts ... faster.' The Chic bass riff
explodes between each order to cut .
Connect*i*cut
The cut is a command, a technical and conceptual operation which cuts
the lines of association. ' You say one for the trouble ' , the opening
phrase of Spoonie Gee and The Sequence' s '81 Monster jam, is broken
down to ' you say' repeated 7 times. Each time the voice sounds different ,
slowing down on the 4th, slightly slurring. The stammer of the new. Each
cut magnifies the words so you hear in c10seups which expand space
until it blows up.
The break intensifies the rhythmic flow it cuts into, turning rhythm
into a series of peaks and drops . Therefore the track doesn't start and
develop sequentially but instead begins over and over . The intro
multiples into variations of itself. The scratch builds up tension, the
sense of standing on the verge of getting it on. When the rest of the line
is finally played, the chorus discharges itself inside your head in a bolt
of plosive phono-power.
As Queen' s Another One Bites The Dust plays on one deck, the
rumbling wheeze of the scratch doubles up the bassline and guitar
feedback which builds like an aeroplane taking off. Muffled studio voices
cheer at the ascent until the track shockcuts to Chic's Good Times
strings, switching tempos with a jolt that lights up the nervous system.
Chic's orchestral attack is propelled across the sensorium.
In Adventures, crowd-cheers anticipate your applause, hypes itself
every time you play it , inducing a powerful sense of awe as Flash drops
the needle on the beat into a burst of 30S spacewind and a Flash Gordon
film sample cut off to announce the emergence of 'The Amazing
Adventures of Flash! '
Skratchadelia replaces the chorus with the drastic tempo change. The
song becomes a perpetual crossing of rhythmic thresholds.
02[017]
Cut Creation
By dropping the needle on the vinyl at the right pOint, Flash isolates the
phrase and magnifies the command to cut . The critic Nelson George
identifies its functions as: cutting into syntax, punch-phasing each word
order, cutting Nile Rodgers' Good Times bass riff until it explodes
between each vocal sample. Bass and word-order act as alternating
punctuators. Adventures is a machine for transmitting the advanced
techniques of the cut.
' I was like a human sampler so to speak. After about three weeks of
picking out the tracks that I wanted to use, I got it down within two
hours. We called this cutting. In the studio, it took maybe four shots to
get right . If I messed up I erased it and went straight back to the
beginning. I heard it in the ear-piece first ; I thought this might sound
interesting if I could figure out a way to make it sound less noisy, less
harsh, if that was possible.
Grand Wizard Theodore, DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash are human
samplers who isolate the Breakbeat by cutting right into the funkengine,
discarding The Song, ignoring intention and tradition to capture its
motion: the charge and pull of the beat and the bass, the ga it motorized
by the deck' s direct drive.
As soon as cutting emerges , Rhythm migrates from the drums to the
Technics, from the group to the dj, from the studio to the bedroom. Limb
by limb, the drummer is transferred to the machines . Breakflow scales
across the globe. Phase 1: the decks. Phase 2 : the rhythm synthesizer.
Phase 3 will be the sampler.
My mind ain't nuthin but a big 01' collage
Hew Kingdom
RutoCreation
The 12 becomes a record that cuts itself on your decks, a record that
scratches itself as it plays. Adventures carries out its commands by itself.
As Ice T grasped on listening to DJ Zinc's Supersharp Shooter Remix: 'The
record itself does what the jungle djs do. It stops, it rewinds itself. It
makes you sound like a good dj .' What Bambaataa, Flash et al enjoyed
about Kraftwerk's Trans Europe Express was its automotion, the groove of
the Rhythmengine running by itself, crossing thresholds: ' Leave that shit
alone, that shit was cutting itse lf. Go smoke a cigarette or something.'
02[018]
Activate the Instruktion Engine
The 12 is no longer an inert vinyl disc. It ' s phaseshifted. It's being
activated, switched on. Because the command to cut the vinyl is stored
on the vinyl , the track is now a machine that transmits instructions on
how to play it, techniques replicated and multiplied by new mistakes -
how do you scratch, how do you cut . Decks ruined, needles fucked, vinyl
abused. Triggering flightpaths of dis <> respect through your records.
With the Adventures 12, music crosses a threshold, opens up a new
Rhythmachine discontinuum. Each cut / scratch scores new neural
pathways across the brain.
The instruction LPs , the teach-yourself-French records, the dancestep
disc: after Adventures, these are all kinaesthetic engines which capture
your motion. Adventures is a Kinaesthetic Kontrol Kommand-engine
telling you how to cut while warning you not to bother trying. It shows
you a field of techniques and the apotheosis of those techniques
simultaneously. It opens and shuts a new artform.
Turntable Consciousness
Adventures generates a turntable awareness which becomes a turntable
consciousness. The decks, the arm, the flight of the stylus, dropping the
needle; all these inert components suddenly become usable, changeable,
the basic components of sonic mutation.
If Flash in '81 is obsessed by the cut, then Public Enemy's Terminator
X in '91 focuses on the edge of the cut . In the realm of Sonic Fiction, his
role is to sharpen the scratch into a cutting device, until it incites an
edge of panic. The dj therefore now becomes a Track Attacker on lead
scratch, an Assault Technician who reorganizes the sound of Trad
tonalities.
As Chuck D elaborates, the scratch is a meta-technique that makes
new instruments from old instruments : 'Doing Bring the Noise, we tried
to find a scratch part that would fit in on the last verse. And we found
it. It's the backward scratch of a guitar.'
Terrorwrists
Terminator X speaks with his hands : to scratch is to think with vinyl. The
dj is a tactilist who goes on a journey of the hands, opening up a new
field of objectile thought : fingertip perception. The distributed brain of
the hand emerges with its own point of touch, a manual memory of
terrorwrists and scizzorhands .
02[019]
The Medium is the Mindstate
With Adventures, the scratch becomes a medium, an environment like
electricity. To become pop means to become ubiquitous, making
predecessors into precursors. Skratchadelia is the medium, the
mindstate in which John Cage is Flash's precursor. With '37'S Imaginary
Landscape NO.1, scored for manipulated turntables, Cage scratches long
before the first turntablist, II-year-old Grand Wizard Theodore. Yet Cage
is not the original Cut Creator - for this would be to confuse the banal
fact of prior birth with precedence and creative priority.
Pop always retroactively rescues unpop from the prison of its
admirers: here Flash comes to Cage' s aid. Skratchadelia releases the
avant garde from its citational cells by liquefying its sanctioning
institutions. Now you can hear Cage in '37 as a lonely turntablist with no
audience to play for : ' Given four film phonographs we can compose and
perform a quartet for explosive motor, wind, heartbeat and landslide.'
Skratchadelia is both a ubiquitous environment which everyone
takes for granted, and a technique of extreme virtuosity that hardly
anyone grasps .
The Future is an Accident
AutoCatalysis is when sound emerges by itself, when the machine
generates a new sound autonomously, without a human agent. A
machinic lifeform emerges from the sampler on its own. The Roland TB-
303 Bass Line rhythm composer engineers its own audiomatter. In '87 the
303 discovers Acid on its own, uses Phuture to replicate. Marley Marl
doesn' t discover how to sample the break. Rather, in ' 81 / 2 the Emulator
EI sampler discovers this for itself and then uses Marley Marl as a
medium through which to replicate breaks on such productions as '85'S
Marley Marl Scratch and '86's Eric B is President: 'I could take any drum
sound from any old record, put it in here and get the old drummer sound
on some shit . No more of that dull DMX shit.'
All these new sound worlds begin as accidents discovered by
machines. With Marley Marl, you can follow this process of
AutoCatalysis very clearly. 'I wanted to sample a voice from off this song
with an Emulator and aCCidentally, a snare went through.' New sound
emerges as a machine error. Instead of emulating a known sound, the
future arrives as a mistake ruled out by the preset : 'At first I was like,
"That's the wrong thing," but the snare was soundin' good. I kept running
the track back and hitting the Emulator. Then I looked at the engineer
02[020)
and said, "You know what this means?! "
All at once there ' s a 'sudden multiplication of dimensions of matter '.
Your record collection becomes an immense time machine that builds
itself through you.
AutoCotolyser
Machinic AutoCatalysis opens up new vectors of technology. 0)-
producers like to say that Machine Music comes from fucking with the
rule book, freaking with the formula . New music gives the finger to the
system. Here you hear the wistful residues of punk-era resistance - for
new sonar systems don ' t emerge from misusing the machines. Rather the
machine forces music into inhuman directions , and compels the human
towards inflexible, impalpable parameters . Acid hears the TB303'S
frequencies just as they are. It emulates no existing sound, mourns no
missing sound, but instead starts from the bad and the unmusical.
The producer follows the trail blazed by the error, breeds it into a new
sonic Iifeform. Acid amplifies these constraints as much as possible. Jungle
accepts the rigidly quantizing function of the Cubase virtual studio. It
doesn't revolt against the digital grid; it optimizes it into new possibilities .
Your record collection now becomes an ongoing memorybank in which
every historical sound exists as a potential break in the present tense.
Chronology collapses into mixology, the time of the mix where the
location of a bass note in space time gives way to spacetime dislocation.
'73 is replaced by plus 5 on the turntable pitch adjuster.
The vinyl phonomotor
In their ' 85 Fresh Mess r... Jam your Radial, The Knights of the Turntable
make vinyl a phonomotor. Fresh Mess cuts the warning ' Do not attempt
to adjust your radio' into consonants that skid and slide. Syllables turn
into phonomotors which screech around the turntable at direct drive
velocity. Words lose their sequential meaning and turn into morphemic
motors, blocs of propulsive plosion stalling and stuttering at 120bpm.
Syllables speed away from the order of syntax, erupt out of
skratchadelia, only to be ambushed again. A trialogue for plosion, noise
and scratch. Cutting disorganizes syntax. Scratching disarticulates words
into blocs of motormouthed texturhythm. The combined arts juggle the
beat and fluctuate the tempo into a rhythmatic echomaze.
02[021)
Turntobilizotion = AutoDestruction
In skratchadelia, the carchase is rescored for the destabilized turntable,
a turntabilization in which the Wheels of Steel are overridden until they
crash. Each scratch slows down, reverts into a squall of lead guitar into
syllables which detonate.
With Grandmaster Flash the command is subjected to the process it
describes. Here the request 'Do not attempt to adjust your radio' is
subjected to the process it warns against. The warning not to adjust has
just been adjusted. AutoCreation gives way to AutoDestruction. In
Adventures, the command to cut vinyl is stored on the vinyl, so that
content coincides with process. In Fresh Mess the warning against
cutting vinyl is cut up, so that content cancels process. The track
immolates itself as it plays, igniting an intense satisfaction.
As the subtitle to Fresh Mess I. .. Jam your Radial makes clear,
turntabilization = jamming. Not jamming in the Milesian sense of the
combustible Rhythmengine, but in the telecommunicating sense of noise
overcoming signal. Skratchadelia becomes interference which breaks up
the transmission, becomes an alien signal which inhabits the spirit of
broadcasting, manifests communication breakdown and makes technical
difficulties audible.
Skratchadelia encrypts its tones, demanding alien listeners tuned
into the open secret hidden in static, receivers who can hear a new
world in its garbled frequencies . Your breakdown is their breakup. From
Orson Welles to Parliament to The Bomb Squad to UR, radio is the
invisible pathway through which audio invades the Earth and broadcasts
to the planet.
Kidnapped by the Kinaesthetics of the Break:
Mantronix and Chep Nunez
Every second of time the Breakbeat takes across the 12 is bitterly
resisted on the battlefield of the sensorium. Clenched resistance to
rhythmic psychedelias usually manifests as a return to mere musicality.
To follow the Breakbeat is to reject this [r)earview response, to land on
the planet of your body made newly audible by rhythmic transvaluation.
The Rhythmachine captures your perception as it switches from
hearing individual beats to grasping the pattern of beats. Your body is a
02(022)
distributed brain which flips from the sound of each intensity to the
overlapping relations between intensities. Learning pattern recognition,
this flipflop between rhythmelody and texturhythm drastically collapses
and reorganises the sensorial hierarchy.
The Body Is a Large Brain
For the 90S rhythmatician, the body is a large brain that thinks and feels
a sensational mathematics throughout the entire surface of its
distributed mind.
The Breakbeat drives new pathways through the brain. Aggressively
unpitched, it blocks empathy while fissuring new synapses through the
matter of the mind. As it fires across the synaptic junction, the sensorial
flinch is translated backwards, reinvested in the age-old values of
refinement and sensibility. To the rear, march! The connoisseur rallies to
the gerontocracy of musicianship, swears an oath to quality, makes a
brave stand for originality, all the ideals disappearing fast in a pop
world long since shot to pieces. Instinctive shudders at rhythm are
elevated into an ethical standard for sound, refined into proper Techno
for true people. When music is praised as real, pure, proper and true,
then it's too late: decay has set in and the maggots aren' t far off.
Returning to the values of musicality always rests on the dependable
virtues of harmony and difficulty, which are raised to moral principles.
Abstract beatz, math rock, intelligent Techno, proper Drum'n'Bass, these
clever genres for stupid people resurrect the premodern opposition in
which the mind is bizarrely superior to the body. By frustrating the funk
and impeding the groove, clever music amputates the distributed mind,
locks you back in the prisonhouse of your head. Far from being futuristic ,
cerebral music therefore retards you by reimposing a preindustrial
sensory hierarchy that shut up your senses in a Cartesian prison.
Breakbeat Consciousness
Becoming beat educated takes far more effort than becoming a classical
composer, because you're going against the nature inculcated into you
by an oldworld audio order. It demands a Breakbeat consciousness that
turns you into a rhythmatician, a specialist in kinaesthesia.
The kinaesthete overrides that pre-modern binary that insists the
dance floor is all mindless bodies and the bedroom nothing but bodiless minds.
02(023)
Man + Electronics = Mantronix
As beats expand across the track, The Song disappears forever in a
polyrhythmodynamics of tense presents and pressure drops . With
Mantronix's 1988 Kings of the Beats, rhythm becomes thermodynamic;
intensities and pressures, drops and rises, stalls and stutters, peaks and
plateaus. King of the Beats imposes a state of i·nertia from the start .
Beats drag, press down on the shoulders, tug at the armpits, then seep
across the back as sirens loop into high frequency swarms. Editor Chip
Nunez microsplices tape of The Winstons' Amen Brother break into a
polyrhythmic arrangement of looped loops. The effect oscillates between
the impedimental and the impellant, veers from drumstates of
anticipatory inhibition to pent-up propulsion and back again. Nunez' s
and producer Kurtis Mantronik's Tokyo Tower of percussapella alters the
density of the distributed body. King of the Beats tattoos you with its
grooves, impresses the gravity of rhythmic thought on you. Each cycle
stalls the body in a throttled tension punctuated by horns that punch
phase like the brass constructions of the JBs.
The Thermodynamics of Conundrums
Loop 2 of King of the Beats doubles rhythms so the tempo wrongfoots
you. Roaring cymbal-rush maintains anticipation without release, stoking
the pressure. The single snare of Loop 3 hits like someone knocking on a
door, builds the sense of being trapped inside a room. Sped up, the
tempo becomes the hook, a rolling plain of polyrhythm that lifts the
limbs, brings on a hi-tension. Likewise, in Eric Band Rakim' s '87 You
Know You Got Soul, the beat before the chorus accelerates 7 times faster
than usual, until rhythm tumbles in a stampede through your big brain.
The beat suite substitutes molecular changes for choruses, pressure
drops for hooks, converting The Song into a valley of intensities. When 2
beats converge and the rhythms roll against each other, the double
impact causes a wavecrash of kicks and accents. Loop is metronomic
beat plays over a radio sample and a drumroll fanfare, a slipstream of
texturhythmic polycollision.
The indecipherable golem gargle in Mantronix's Electronic Energy
Of .. . , the sound of a dalek in traction, bounces back off a looped fanfare
in a contra rhythm flow. 'Mars needs ', the radio sample used in Lesson 3,
Double Dee and Steinski's '84 short-attention-span pausebutton-edit
epic, repeats 3 times. It 's answered by Electronic Energy Of .. 's
compressed robovocalization.
02(024)
Looping the break tricks the ear into hearing a continuous beat. Each
cycle slips out of memory as if the body refuses to realize that it ' s
hearing the same beat every time. Each loop trains the obstinate body
until it recognizes its endpoint . Bodies starts to remember the point
when the beat loops back on itself. There's a psychoacoustics of rhythm:
the big brain anticipates the cycle, gets into the groove, lives inside the
tense present of the loop. The Breakbeat becomes a mnemonic.
As you' re ambushed by beats, charging breaks dock at your joints,
tug at the muscles of your mind. Treacherous underfoot , they build a
new psychomotor from the old you.
03(025)
SFlMPLFlDELIFl OF
THE BREFlKBEFlT
Intensify the Phonotron: Ultramagnetic Mes
In ' SS, with Ultramagnetic MCs' debut album Critical Beatdown, HipHop
becomes computer music. Ultramagnetic MCs - producer-rapper Ced
Gee, rapper TR Love, dj Moe Love, conceptechnician and vocalist Kool
Keith - initiate a cosmogeny of sampl adelia , a mythology of the sampler.
Tracks become Sonic Fictions , sonar systems through which audios hips
travels at the speed of thought. Ultramagnetic MCs are obsessed with the
field of force that technology ignites in us, with the unstable world of
cosmophonic forces released by the sampler, the electromagnetic
waveforms accessed through sampladelic operations.
The human organism is flying apart. The Song is in ruins. Sampling
has cracked the language into phonemes. It breaks the morpheme into
rhythmolecules . Only science can ride the shockwaves it has instigated.
On Brainiac, the Ultramagnet ic producer becomes the Breakbeat
Scientist , ' building molecules on my SPI2.'
03[026)
We're opening the magnetic field
Ultramagnetic /lfCs
The Fallout from phonemes
MCs' Ultra [Part I/} announces the Ultramagnetic world of molecularhythm.
Sampladelia splits syntax into phonoparticles. It releases verbivoco
objectiles, consonants which fire at 45 revolutions per minute until 'the
auditory canals are burning, while the Technics keeps turning, at a
dominant speed.' Kool Keith's insistent stress on final and first words
frustrates the flow, turning delivery into a zigzag of staccatoing syntax
that functions by 'elevating a physical source through particles'.
The Magnetic Mutation of the MC
The Ultras sample is a door opening onto kids playing far off, pianos
looping until notes lose profile, dissolve into a timbral tension without
release, Star Trek theme pulsations synthesizing the human into a
SonoCyborg. Morphemic radiation mutates the MC, granting new powers
of 'ultrapower flowing' . All these elements of the sampladelic world
coalesce in an Ultramagnetic forcefield, converging until they ' roughly
emerge as a soul mechanism.'
The Hypoatomic Universe
Hypoatomic energy irradiates the Song with soul sonic force, adapting
the scientist into a soul mecha. Entering the phonophysical universe
shatters. >scatters the mind. In Smoking Dust, 'inhabitants disappear
through' Kool Keith's brain, provoking a psychic blast that leaves him
wondering 'What seems to be the problem, What's wrong with my mind?'
The Psyborg is swallowed up by the kinetic energy which creates it,
overcome by 'wires leaking with energy'. Hospitalized at Bellevue, Kool
Keith uses HipHop to organize his 'delirious insane' condition,
assembling a PhonoFiction of concrete irrationality. The Ultra track
amplifies this shockwave, broadcasts it in mad squealing synths -
radioactive drones switching into crackles.
I Is a Crowd
Instead of putting the scientific self back together or mending the
broken fragments of the cybernetic psyche, Kool Keith heightens what
used to be called schizophrenia, intensifies the crackup and the
breakdown. The self doesn't split up or multiply into heteronyms.
03[027)
Rather, the self no longer amputates itself down to a single part but
instead asserts that I is a crowd, that the human is a population of
processes. Multiple personality is no syndrome or disorder but a
relaxation, a giving into rather than a fighting against the brain as a
society of mind.
The brain is a society of mind with no one driving. The head isn't the
Kommand Kontrol Centre of the body. There is no one processing
agency, intelligence isn't central and everyone hears voices talking in
their heads all the time. Kool Keith's various heteronyms - Rhythm X,
Funk Igniter Plus, X-Calibur - are agents, systematically fictionalized
from the flux that we all float in. What used to be called alteregos are
now mUlti-egos, a crowd of synthetic subjects.
HipHop Is an Analogy Engine
Hip Hop begins as an analogy engine, in which the I is like = like = etc.
This phonoextension is why HipHop takes over space in your head.
Powered by analogical chains, its syntactic prosthetics occupy your
brain, take up your mind.
For Kool Keith, words are machineparts , to be soldered together into
Unknown Audio Objects. Roaming over the wreckage of songs, the
scientist assembles PhonoFictional engines from 'hypothetical basic
mechanisms' .
In MCs' Ultra [Part I/}, the phonoengine functions 'like a Commodore
computer' by 'inducing meaning to its limit.' Ain 't It Good to You
diagrams the hydraulics of the Ultra sonomachine in its hazardous
journey across the head. Phonopower flow[erls through the neurocircuits
along ' rhymes in my tank', through ' brains pumping gasoline', igniting
the 'meter and gauges' that crank out new ' lyrical engines' . The
Ultramagnetic lyrical engine operates by 'combinating elements',
connecting a suffix to a prefix, using these machineparts of 'vocab' to
'connect the abulary', then ' switch it' .
The cosmophonic engine is driven by neologisms, by terms like
Critical Beatdown's 'exquisitive' , which joins exquisite to inquisitive.
Brainiac's syntactic -abulary machine sparks new synaptic junctions, new
pathways for 'fuel' to 'ignite blood pressure above the brain level.'
The archetypal Ultramagnetic MC track has a spaceship drone
running through it , the radioactive hum of a powerdrive which
transports you onto the flightdeck of the Nostromo. Bring It Down to
Earth typically switches tempo, like power being thrown so that the
03(028)
beats cross a threshold and the sample snaps open onto a new world.
The impact of new atmosphere rushing in decompresses the track,
inserting you into the hull of the ship, until ' power ignites the four
horsemen.'
On '93'S We Are the Horsemen, the spaceship's powersource hums
throughout , buried at the edge of earshot so it turns audio-tactile: your
skin hears and your ears feel it as a perpetual irradiation, a tense
present without release. Peering out from the flight deck, Kool Keith
pilots the soundcraft, monitoring alphanumeric settings at ' Artemis Level
4' , checking that 'I get a warp speed, change my gamma flow, 1387,
20096.' His petulant, disdainful cadence shifts gears , seats you beside
him, turns you into co-pilot locked into his ' mentally mad' trajectory,
unable to grab the controls . Reentering earth' s orbit, the UMC sonar ship
prepares to dock at 'gamma ray one block, altitude X speed.' Keith
doesn' t address you: his lyrics are readouts from a bank of on screen
terminals. Their preoccupied urgency alter your pOSition, switching you
from co-pilot to Ground Control to a viewer watching 'the movie' where
' your brain will be the star' .
On Smoking Dust, synths shift gear, phasing the track onwards in a
propulsive surge at '7 x zero, coming light speed, Alpha control spark,
relay the A jack.'
I' IItake yo u rbrai n toa no the rdimension
I' IItake you rbrai n toa no therdi mension
PAY CLOSE ATTENTION
Kool Keith<>The Prodigy
Advancing Technical: Take the Elevator to Level 7
Ultras-style science doesn' t clarify: instead it perplexes, complexifies.
The Ultra theorist's role is to ' truly confuse as a scientist,' by ' advancing
technical, by confounding through Rakim' s formula of ' constant
elevation'. To advance technical is to reconfigure the conceptechnics of
HipHop, to invent new sonic operations , new phonotrons. Elevation is
Hip Hop's higher state of consciousness. Ultra ' s techniques of elevation
tap into the alpha, beta, gamma , hypogalactic rays which are tearing us
apart. Rays = raze = raise: through homophonic processes the scientist
harnesses the radiation flowing through him.
03(029)
Autobots and Cybotrons
By advancing technical, HipHop complexifies itself, 'charging energy at a
level ', becoming an intensified phonotron powered by ultramagnetic
current. In Brainiac, this power is harnessed into new cyborg systems
which function by 'boosting crystalloids as an autobot, increasing brain
limits far beyond space.' The autobot is the automatic robot, the dumb out-
of-control pathfinder which explores viral zones, nuked-out wastelands,
intestinal canals and the pavilions of Jupiter. It allows new weapon
systems, such as the 'cybotron, completely on a mission to annihilate.'
HipHop's sonic cyborg electrocutes, while Electro's Cybotron
technofies the biosphere. The Ultra cybotron is the triggering mechanism
for the exhilaration of annihilation: ' Megabomb ignite.'
Assemble the Cryptogrammatron: Rammellzee
"alu Halaza: what is an engineer and specialist on
quantum physics doing in rap?
Rammellzee: I'm a very social creature
Science Puts out the Sun
To drop science is to mystify, rather than to educate. In HipHop, science
breaks it down in order to complexify not to clarify. For auditionaries
such as Rammellzee, Rakim, The RZA and Killah Priest, science is the end
of edutainment and the systematic mythification of everyday life.
Instead of teaching street knowledge, science steals 'your common and
robs your sense' , as Wu Tang Clan proteges Sunz of Man describe it.
Rather than giving you the real deal or clearing away centuries of
miseducation, science exacerbates the fog of the mind and heightens the
hermetic. Its drive is to expand the limits of Virilio's unknown: ' Science
and technology develop the unknown, not knowledge. Science develops
what is not rational. That's what fiction is.'
Science actively derealizes the solid ground of the street, corrodes
the rare essence of soul , sucks you in through the studiO until you ' re
slipping through the pavement into inner space. Science actively cloaks
everything, just like Sun Ra, who always veils his answers : ' Astra Black is
about - oh, something that's greater than the truth. So it 's over in myth
03[030)
it ' s hidden.' Science is to HipHop as MythScience is to Sun Ra. Science
unravels the world into endless allegories , eclipsing consensual order in
an overwhelming opacity of overlapping directives.
Science doesn't instruct , it inducts you into secret states of
innervision, initiates useless quests for the 3rd Eye, spreads a daze of
confusion only occluded by the powers of the Inner Mind's Eye . Science
turns vinyl into a mass medium for channelling information mysteries,
private MythSystems, fragments from endless infoverses. Science takes
advantage of vinyl's replayability by turning listening into a full-time
job. Science wants you for an acolyte, wants to initiate you into a
hermeneutics which elides reality.
Science Razes Consciousness
Science razes consciousness : Rammellzee, Killah Priest are esoterrorists
who use the 12 to drop mythillogical systems that actively terrorize. To
terrorize is to terratorialize. Terror razes consciousness by destroying
the old grooves of the head. The decks become what Lee Perry terms the
'Turntable Terranova ' . A New Earth emerges from the new grooves of the
newly scored mind. Over the cosmo-dynamics and proto-jungle breaks of
'87's Follow the Leader Dub, Rakim issues a grave diktat : 'I'm here to
remake the brains, take away the pain.' Science scorches the old brain to
manufacture a new mind.
Graffiti is not vandalism but a very beautiful crime
8ando
Graffiti Is a Future-writing Machine
After sur-realizing slanguage into the tWilight kingdom of double-dutch
remanipulation on the Beat Bop 12, Rammellzee begins to analyse the
formal implications of HipHop, and immediately realizes that Graffiti
constitutes a future-writing machine: ' Graffiti is a word that society
placed on abstract technique, iconic statement. People did not
understand. '
Fab 5 Freddy redefines Graffiti as Calligraffiti, just one name among
many: Iconografix, Aeroglyphics and Aerosoul Art all presume an
extensive training in exclusive symbol systems. Aeroglyphics is
maintained by an electribe of youths bonded together through skills,
cabalized by the technics of vision.
03[031)
Wildstyle teturns communication to priestly elites who transmit
baffling codes throughout the city. Fab 5 Freddy stresses that ' Wildstyle
is totally illegible unless you ' re initiated. ' The city walls turn into secret
channels. The city trains become galleries Without walls for the
cyphertribes .
The pictogram involves the senses in McLuhan's ' ballet of postures of
the mind.' Wildstyle exercises the senses, puts the eyes and ears through
an Escherized assault course. For Bando, the letter opens up a new
possibility space: ' I make letters because 26 letters is enough to define
every single thing that exists in this world.'
The Formal Operations of HipHop
Wildstyle is just one element in a HipHop now understood as a series of
techniques , an ecology of media which together constitutes a
kinaesthetic WarMachine. HipHop has hitherto been understood naively
in terms of its content, of what software engineers call the front end of
message, lyrics, output. In the lkonoklast Panzerism Manifesto,
Rammellzee crosses a new threshold of machine evolution by elaborating
the formal logic of Hip Hop, its back end, its abstract operations: 'You
have the gladiators, the freestyle dancers, warring on the ground, you
have the graffiti writers warring in the air or in space. You have the
translators, the DJs, the MCs. The DJs make the sounds of the piston
inside the graffiti element or the tank.'
For Rammellzee, graffiti is tomorrow' s writing machine - ' the graffiti
element or the tank' - which can enter into the centuries-old war of
armoured sign-systems . The dj is the phonomotor: 'Their sound is the
perfect tuning of the engines, the engines in the tank that go
bambambam. That is beat culture. ' The lkonoklast Panzerism Manifesto
opens up the conceptechnics of Hip Hop. To open up a conceptechnics is
to elaborate the conceptual technology of a new sound, the abstract
machine which drives a new Machine Music. Expertise is encoded on the
microchip. Virtuosity has migrated to the soundmachines which contain
all music as presets, soundcards and soundfiles . Black MUSic is in the
machines. Therefore an approach to the machine and to machinethought
obsolesces premachinic identity. Every sampler and every software
sequencing package is ' a constellation of systems and subsystems'
through which the producer navigates. A possibility space therefore
emerges from restriction, the mother of invention in Holger Czukay's
equation. Conceptechnics fluctuates between constraint as a function of
03[032]
the instrument's potential and as a function of the producer ' s mind.
Militarizing Beat Culture
Abstracting HipHop into a series of formal operations is the first stage in
Rammellzee's militarization of beat culture. His aim is to turn the
abstract machine into a conceptual WarMachine. This is why he
describes himself not as a producer or an MC but as ' a mathematician
and an engineer ' who 'builds weapons for a living.'
Magico-mathematics and concept engineering converge in the
encryption system of Wildstyle. From this emerges Ikonoklast Panzerism,
the armoured typographical machine, the cryptogram matron used in the
communication wars of the future . Panzerism leaves the walls of the
world behind to become an encryptic technics in a universe of secret
myth-systems .
Writing, alphabets, typographies are all ubiquitous elite technologies
that have lowered themselves into your consciousness where they adapt
you to their habit , their reflex, their perception. The alphabet is not just
a transparent communication but a ubiquitous technology, a system
adapted and encrypted by successive religious regimes for warfare: the
Roman , the Christian, the Medieval , the Gothic. Words , letters, signs,
symbols are all weapons, stolen, ornamented and wrongly titled to hide
and manipulate their meaning.
The prize? Control of the means of perception: 'The Romans stole the
alphabeta system from the Greeks through war. Then in medieval times,
monks ornamented letters to hide their meaning from the people. Now,
the letter is armoured against further manipulation.'
Rammellzee 's war takes place on this front: the barely perceptible
level of habit and reflex. Each subsidence, each decompression into
ubiquity is a victory for one technology over another in a perpetual war
between adaptive technologies fought on your own sensorium.
Panzerism is a mystery weaponsystem in a secret war not against
future corporations but against shadowy Christian cabals: Ikonoklast
' means symbol destroyer , it's a very, very high word militarily, because
the two Ks are the onl y two letters that can assassinate the infinity sign,
remove the X. '
03[033]
The MythScience of Beat Culture
By elaborating the abstract machine of HipHop, Rammellzee opens up
the MythScience of beat culture, which becomes a mythengineering of
symbolic information.
'87's awesomely crepuscular track The Lecture opens up the Military
Perceptual Complex of MythScience . Rammellzee is no longer a Master of
Ceremonies, an Me. Instead he's an MK3 , a Master of Kommand Kontrol
Kommunications , a despotic esoterrorist who lectures on ' Aerodynamics
and Quantum physics'. Instead of breaking down information to its
simplest atoms, the tunnel visionary systematically encrypts all
information: ' But we want you to understand that the integer is a nation
by itself. Its function [pauseJleads you into the future .'
Mathemagical Weapon Systems
Panzerism is heavier than the Pentagon. InSide the Military Perceptual
Complex, the integer is the magico-mathematic weapon for use in
cyberneticist Norbert Wiener ' s scientific wars of the future . Drawing you
into an auditorium where echoes seat your hearing at the back,
Rammellzee's voice arrives from a distant lectern, inducing a powerful
sense of being drawn into overlapping systems of privy information: ' All
formation and military function that hold the code to any formation
procedure. With. Out it you have no control. You will have no control.
This information I cannot really give you. Because I am not the master of
its own technique.'
Throughout , the tone of the lecture shifts treacherously from acerbic
to drawling to disquieting: ' As the [pauseJ interrogator of Ikonoklast
Panzerism I don't give nobody no business. I tell you what is full military
information and function for all integers, all four of them. There are no
pictograms here. What I draw is architecturally built and will fly.'
Information and function : as a cryptogrammatology, Ikonoklast
Panzerism encrypts all symbols , inducing an overpowering sense of
ominous information and conspiracy made audible in Lecture' s keening,
multi tracked voices. Horns loom into tonal shadows, shattered by string
arrangements that reverse into Varesian shriekbacks which leave space
shuddering from the concerted attack impulse.
The cryptogram matron cracks alphabets and breaks down equations.
It works as a code breaker and symbol destroyer in the ongoing
perceptual wars : ' In a war aga inst symbols which have been wrongly
titled, onl y the letter can fight . The infinity sign with the fusion symbol
03[034)
[x] in its middle has been wrongly titled Christian [.] and thus it has to
be assassinated or the x has t o be removed.'
The letter is a signal system designed for armoured combat in the
sign wars. Across the unstable front of the typographic warzone,
Rammellzee assassinates the fusion symbol sign, and removes the x
using the integer and the letter. This is rapper jeru the Damajaa' s Wrath
of the Math, where symbols are mathemagic numbers imbued with lethal
capabilities. Rammellzee: 'The infinity sign is a mathematical , scientific,
military symbol. It is the highest symbol that we have and you know
there isn' t even a key on the typewriter for it. I'm going to finish the
war. I'm going to assassinate the infinity sign.'
Equation = Annihilation
In his drive to capture all level s of the analogical, Rammellzee crosses
into the covert ops of clandestine perception. Symbols are Commands
which encode power : 'The 4 integers, nocturnal myth, music notes,
meterological symbols of heterosizers and all integers that formate any
process of reading pictogram knowledge [pause] and of course my
invention of the atomic note [pause] for Panzerism. ' This abstraction of
HipHop' s formal architecture and the convergence of its kinaesthetic
operations leads Rammellzee to invent a militarized mathematics. In the
war of symbolic systems, the equation is annihilation. Norbert Wiener
looks up from his flow charts to announce that 'The effective
mathematician is really as dangerous as a potential armourer of the new
scientific war of the future.' In mathemagics, equations are the operating
instructions for unknown authoring engines.
On Don Brautigan's back sleeve for james Brown's '73 The Payback,
Mind Power is illustrated by a profile of a man recessed into grey,
pyramidal stone. His cortex is divided into sections, each inscribed with
archetypal equations: E = MC
l.
Mind glows with the light of mental
power, astralized by magi co-mathematics.
Brown analogizes vinyl 's groove to funk' s groove. By abstracting
material and Applied Rhythmi c Technology at the same material plane,
he opens the conceptechnics of funk. The revolutions of Mind Power on
the decks flexes the muscles of the mind. Each revolution of funk' s
groove rescores the mind until it becomes a superpower . The jB drills
the audience into its new nervous system, until you become the soulj ah
in an army imbued with Soul Power.
Equations - postures of the mind - converge with post-john Lily
03[035)
cybernetic bioprogramming on how to tap into the mind 's powers, how
to bodybuild the brain. Funk turns into a subjectivity engine, into what
Detroit's Techno dj-imagineer Electrifying Mojo will in ' 93 call the
' Mental Machine'.
The MythScience of the Scratch
The Lecture probes into the unexplored possibility space of skratchadelia.
The perceptual pressure of the new artform forces Rammellzee forward
into a MythScience of the scratch, the Darkside of the decks, the
hermeticism of the headphones, the trigonometry of the transformer
switch: 'You must talk to the dj . You must. Talk. To. The dj . The scratch is
not for you. The scratch [pause] is not for me. But you must listen to it
anyway. Education is only subliminal. Redefine. Redefine.'
Breaking the beat doesn't always reduce it to the atoms of
Ultramagnetic MCs' machine mythology. For Rammellzee the beat is
already an encoded rhythm, and to break it down only encrypts it
further. The scratch is vinyl made recognizable yet unlocatable. Only by
comparison can you approach the scratch. Its new tone leads you on an
analogical f1ightpath. just because it ' s pop doesn' t make it easy.
On the contrary, the science of the scratch is massively difficult,
demanding intense rehearsal. Far from being something anyone can do,
scratching is intimidatingly elitist, an artform heard by all but only
understood by the obliterati. As it currently exists, 20th C art can barely
grasp the tonal history of turntabilization.
In exploring the formal implications of the scratch, Rammellzee in ' 87
can therefore presuppose a global audience of 100 at the most . Strings
are arranged into shrieking attacks that halt abruptly, leaving space
trembling with shock impact like an EEG pulse gone critical: ' Only he has
the number written down in the scratch. Intellectualize. Redefine.
Because it ' s only in the dj ' s manuscript . And it' s no spoken word. It's
called a scratch. With all the millions and millions of megabeats that
have been programmed in our minds, we know it all equals down to zero
zero zero active negatives.'
A female chorus keens mournfully. A ship horn blasts as it
approaches harbour: ' You hold the scratch being a broken record. This
wine turns to twine. Entwines like a rope in your mind/ Like DNA code.'
The MythScience of the scratch is just one el ement of the
traumatizing system of GothiC Futurism: ' You have just gotten a chill in
the f eeling of your heart . [Foreboding echo] With most people their heart
03[036]
would have stopped. But I think yours [speeded-up vocoderl just got
started. I held all this information back from you just because you
haven't signed your name to your death certificate. ' Shards of funereal
ghost choir break in, the jagged edges of broken harmony.
Gothic Futurism fastforwards the ancient Gothic <> Germanic script
suppressed by Roman typography. Rammellzee becomes the
Historetician, the historical theoretician who terrifies through his
esoterical terrorism. Factory rhythms engulf the lecture. A bottle
smashes, becomes the beat, pistons punch out time, hammers jack and
judder, steam shoots needles of hissing air. Strings swarm in an
impending unease, a state of unlocatable threat. Forlorn voices wail in a
threnody for deleted massacres.
Lecture is structured as a series of inscrutable commands from a
Destructiv Knowledge Engine: 'We want you to proceed with your books
on Gothic texts. We want you to open up the pages 449 45 Roman Law.
Turn to card number 1997. And for this we want you to know that you
have already failed your course with a B. You haven't even gotten to
what it is. The inflammation of all information.'
Escape into psychopathogenetics: Dr octagon
sometimes I don't even feel/ike I am a human
being anymore
Kool Keith
ReEntering Planet 3
On hearing Dr Octagon, HipHop' s protectionism, its appetite for
grounding reality, its drive to discipline and punish are obsolesced. All
its belief sys tems are demilitarized, vaporised on contact, leaving you
stranded in a psychopathogenetic future with no way of getting back to
the present. Kool Keith and his heteronyms are always coming back to
Earth, perpetually reentering Planet 3' S orbit . They' re already at home
with offworld states; it 's the Earth planet and it ' s Earth people - you! -
who are the aliens to them.
Nothing is alien to Dr Octagon because everything is alien. ' Space is
my planet ' he reports, in a Leave it to Beaver-voice: ' I live there, eat
03[037]
there, wash there.' This generates the same relief < >thrill you feel when
Tricky quotes Japan's ' 81 Ghosts on ' 94'S Aftermath. Far from pretending
white Americans don't exist, Dr Octagon producer Dan Nakemura -
known as The Automator - opens up a memorybank of 50S White-Man
SCi-fi movies .
Rstonish Me!
The Automator perpetually folds the mind into origami. Listening to The
Automator reminds you that HipHop is computer music. Trad HipHop
continues to install a painful binary machine, a rigid funk canon that cuts
right through you, and polarizes your flux. But after Kool Keith' s, The
Automator' s and guest producer Kut Master Kurt's '95 album Dr Octagon,
this restricted aesthetic feels like emotional amputation, like terminal
insularity elevated to a fraudulent ethiCS, an ethics known as Black Music.
Which is why the term Black Music so often sounds stupid, so dated
and pointless, a phrase only used by the most retarded rob cheerleaders.
Black MUSic: the term clamps the brain because it omits the role of the
machine, because it blithely ignores computerization by locating all of
HipHop back in the all-too-human zones of the soul or the street.
To use the phrase Black Music is to presume a consensus that has
never existed, to assume a readily audible pre-synthetic essence which
machines have externalized, manufactured and globalized. No longer
sheltering within an essence that never was , today' s Futurist
understands the mythillogic of the soundmachine.
The Futurist is a scientist who manufactures new MythSciences from
soundmachines : the processes of AutoCreation, AutoCatalysis,
AutoDestruction which cooperate as the secret life of machines , the
clash of concepts on the plane of X meets Y.
I Multiplied
The traditional diagnosis of alienation no longer makes any sense to the
90S producer. Instead of synchronizing the mediated body with self
image until the 2 make a single knowledge of self, Dr Octagon di saligns
the selves and then continues to multiply them in a mitosis of the I.
03(038)
You Rre a population
It was already clear to Rimbaud back in the 19th C that I is another. To
listen to Dr Octagon today is to grasp that every I is a crowd, that you
are a population, that unity is a fleeting, accidental convergence
persistently mistaken for an identity.
The unified self is an amputated self. The human is an ecology of
mind through which the Doctor walks, hacking and slicing pathways
through the distributed brain. He <> It is the offworld xenobiologist,
fascinated by the biodiversity of the human organism: 'I study and
inspect people. Choosing scientific matter, I probe for evidence.' He's
attracted to the human's connective zones, your buttcracks, vaginas,
mouths, sphincters, magnetised to the human as a mammal in an animal
continuum. Octagon is always plugging humans into animals,
reconfiguring bodily hierarchies, recombinating them with cartoons. The
human species is his zooillogical laboratory, Dr Moreau, Dr Benway, Dr
Octopus and Dr Kervorkian his inputs. Instead of getting himself
together, he falls apart and the parts - Dr Octagon, Kool Keith,
Ultramagnetic MCs - battle one another. Thus Kool Keith on his Dr
Octagon persona: ' When he says "I'll battle Ultramagnetic
andmyownselfaswell," he definitely means that.' Not schizophrenia, nor
quadrophenia, but octophrenia.
The forms of thought assisted by computer
are mutant
Felix Guattari
Technofy HipHOp: Build the unidentified Rudio-Object
Kool Keith defines 'elevation' as 'new terms above the natural language
of MCs ' . To elevate means to reinvent the conceptechnics of HipHop, its
conceptual technology. It means technofying HipHop, in a parallel to
Cybotron's ' 85 demand to technofy the biosphere. To ' advance technical'
is to perpetually engineer HipHop into Unidentifiable Audio-Objects ,
UAOs that hurl listeners against the reef of their senses .
The UAO is a Year-3000 connection machine that runs on
cosmophonic power, a jupiter-to-Earth link enabling the alien to
' program one and go to Earth through the fax machines , My number 709-
755-6EL3, Computer file 9-3, Digital level.'
As computer music, the UAO has an internal computer architecture
03(039)
which digitizes funk's groovengine: 'I'll take a break like james Brown to
the bridge,' the section which turns the Song inside out. HipHop is
degravitated, becoming not only weightless but invasively
PhonoFictional, aggressively competing with the consensus of your head,
forcibly substituting your assumptions with its own.
HipHop is transchronized. The entire Dr Octagon triple concept
album returns to '96 from the Year 4000, from the 40th C: ' It's like if you
were running around in the year 4000 and this tape is playing.' Dr
Octagon snatches you into the world it comes from, an environment
which you're at home in. The record turns you into a 40th C human. It
jumps you into a world in which it's on. Consequences are either infinite
recursion [this tape is playing and on this tape is a tape of ... 1 or
complete indifference: you were running around, you never even heard
Dr Octagon.
The album is an octagonal time machine, a future UAO shooting past
' 96 back to '87 to duel with his albums , to take on his former identity,
his former group: 'Dr Octagon was designed for the specific function of
returning from the future. He would love a crack at Critical Beatdown. '
The Ultramagnetic spaceship becomes the Octagonal time machine.
Haloes were found at the landing site.
Sir /IIenelik
2 Mirrors in the Clear
john Carpenterized synths freeze time into the hovering tone of the
medico-conspiracy thriller. Earth People uses rhythm synthesizers for
their indifference, their tinny treble: ' I see it as futuristic new wave
rock. It's metal in its own way. It ' s meant to have that industrial effect
to it but slowed down.'
Information stress lights up the sensorium like the Nippon Trade
Centre. KooI Keith replaces HipHop's Trad voice armour with a highly
strung hauteur, an extreme sarcasm pointed with malicious precision at
Trad HipHop's sanctified stupidities, an extreme aversion to its familiar
fixations.
Morality Is a Muscle, Clenched
Morals are just these sensory coagulations, these tensions knotted and
bunched across the skin of your beliefs. Dr Octagon inverts the Trad
03(040)
hierarchy of head/ stomach so that your head tastes ill and your
intestines think. Your brain throbs , in peristaltic waves. Dr Octagon
keeps everything unreal , its voice in perpetual motion, from glutinous to
gloating to dastardly to bedside to malicious . Instead of grounding you it
up routes you, pulling you across into its world, moulding then massaging
you across a series of thresholds you never knew existed.
Design for a Brain
In Octagonal sound design, the music suddenly drops out , like ballast
jettisoned, so that each WordObject becomes an objectile projected
through space. Voice echoes the first word of each sentence: ' Vanishing
victims kept alive on metal examining tables. Experts, baffled at the
survival from exposure to laser scalpels, Green berets growing
coneheads in mechanical wombs .'
When the music evacuates , the chorus-sample zooms past earshot :
' Megatron!' ' Rejuvenate! ' ' Galaxy Rays Powerful!'
By being projected all at once, the chorus compacts into a syntax
beam, packed with kinetic energy, a supersonic allatonceness :
' Controlled by gammalights!' Magnified voice blasts off across
sampladelic space with an intensified phonodrive. Earth People is filled
with the plosive impact of polysyllables which pushes against the bass
and the beats , tugs at them, pulls towards and away from them, acting as
a field of attraction for the groovengine. Consonants are charged until
syntax detonates, in a series of off-the-beat exPLOsions: 'Octagon,
oxygen, illuminum, intoxicants.'
In the parallax world of Technical Difficulties, where Dr Octagon
goes 'walking through a polygon' , rhythm falls away and sentence looms
forward : the ear hears it as a headline. ' My first impression was to give
pa tients a lesson, who ' s the best to put me to the test, I'll battle
Ultramagnetic, myownselfaswell .'
Simultaneously a robotvoice repeats it slowed down , like a radi O
tuned into a phone-in generating delay feedback. This 2nd voice repeats
the last words of a sentence, drawling, sneering, slowed down or distant
like a faulty echo chamber sending back aural distortions.
Octophrenia frustrates flow. Dr Octagon, Sir Menelik the Emperor
General, all accent unexpected words and stress syllables so that
WordObject s disarticul ate themselves. Flow falls apart in a drastic
dysphasi a when the brain' s unable to coordinate syntax. By arresting
HipHop's verbose flowmotion , syntax seizes up then lurches forward in a
03(041)
robotic cadence that induces an arhythmic irritation. Mindstresser : the
order of things breaks up. Sense starts zigzagging like the lightning logo
bolting across Captain Marvel 's costume.
By missing out the 'and' , octagonal consciousness collapses the
distance between WordObjects, creating a dataflow of different matters,
a discontinuum of all kinds of minds . It updates the info overload of
Joycean stream of consciousness, the unperiodic continuities of Reed
and Burroughs . Octophrenia is both datastream and flow frustration,
connective synthesis and disjunction.
Octagonal Consciousness
These techniques converge until Trad stream-of-consciousness - that
modernist byproduct of radio - crosses another threshold into parallel
processing, the emergence from massively connected computer
programming. The Song is rebuilt, out of excerpts from 8 unrelated
broadcasts happening simultaneously.
At Century's Start, W. E. B. DuBois analysed double consciousness as
'this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others '.
Mutation by high-pressure capitalism collapses psychic and social
membranes, doubling and splitting you into the 2nd person. At Century's
End, Kool Keith protege and digital-age lyricist Sir Menelik exemplifies
octagonal consciousness in the Information era. Adaptation to the
Information-Image economy multiplies the senses of seeing, hearing,
feeling yourselves into the 8th person. On Production is neither song nor
track, more an extremely compressed lecture delivered in a merciless
monotone and so insistently by Sir Menelik - the Emperor General - that
it induces information panic, updating Rammellzee's and Shock Dell ' s ' 87
The Lecture. The Lecture is esoterrorist science: hermetiC, despotic,
terrorizing. With Sir Menelik, science travels at the speed of thought,
phaseshifting into a Disunified Field Theory. The MC becomes a Human
Computer, a parallel processor who hears talking in everyone's mind.
03(042)
what of the others, the humans with their almost
non-existent tolerance for poin and their totally
inadequate mental discipline?
Sir "'enelik
The Me Is a Parallel Processor
At this level of mindstress, syntax becomes a rapattack which strobes
the brain, impacting with the remorseless frequency of measured
voltage. As attention drags further behind the inexorable information
flow, the gap between attention lag and infovelocity is phaseshifted,
passing from sensations of stupidity into an itch in the brain.
On Production triggers an acutely tactile mental irritation that
simultaneously begins crawling over the s ~ i n . Your brain feels fat and
flabby, a torpid muscle dragging its bulk after this rap that just won't stop.
This is not science fiction but New Sc ence, functioning from the year
4001 , from 'the time when the human brain has reached the era of full
employment.' Chris Marker ' s film Sans soleil announces this era, when
'everyt hing works to perfection, all that "'Ie allow to slumber , including
memory. Logical consequence: total recall is memory anaesthetized.
After so many stories of men who had l05t their memory, here is the
story of one who has lost forgetting.'
On Production shifts from a report from the f1ightdeck to instructions
from a navigation manual, to report of immune system breakdown, to
emergency broadcast, to a lecture on chaos theory from a future version
of the Santa Fe Institute: ' Does science achieve a unified theory of
complex systems? Completely chaotic systems, such as turbulent fluids ,
heated gases appear on the borders between rigid order and poetry
among a list of the 31 ways to define "nomadical".' Sir Menelik switches
address again, broadcasting a warning that turns you into an
echochamber: ' All mankind must submit to genetic testing, Disease
contaminates every transmission of unawareness.' Terror resounds
through the dome of your head.
As Sir Menelik the Emperor General emerges from No Awareness, the
synth' s dying arc and electric piano drop away, leaving an ominous
texturedrift, a vapourmoan. Drum machi ne stilts, its inexpress ive pulses
stutter. WordObjects whaaAAm across the stereoperceptual fie ld. Sir
Menelik leaves sequential monorational flow for a new mode of
rat ionality. Not verbal flow but rather a parallel-systems maintenance
check, a specifications warning report read out really fast , to induce
03(043)
infover load of 'Acoustic death by analysis. '
Which generates a disconnected multirational Sonic Fiction, in which
concepts jump, thought leapfrogs, mind zigzags from clause to clause, a
perceptual current transmits between each intervals, ripples across
gaps . Concepts are electrified into pararational military instructions to
' increase magnetic fields, Electro-liquid expands , critical procedures
cool 77 Kelvins by submerging.'
Each track induces a feeling of perpetual dysphoria, untying and
rearranging your nerves, dis-ease triggered by sampladelia before the
lyrics ever start . This verbal verbosity, this info-expansion turns you
into a decoder perpetually switching routes between Marvel cosmology
and cosmetic surgery, transpecies organ transplantation and
astrophysics, alien sex and medicopathology.
We think as instruments
/l/ixmaster "'ike
The Deck Magus Turns the Tables on Time
Turntablist Q Bert ' s skratchadelic solos are the sonic parallel of the
sf/horror transformation scene. Already effected sounds become
unrecognizable textureffects, spongy blocs phaseshifting through a
series of unknown audio states . Squeals modulate into whistles and
screeches, decay into astonishingly sustained whinny which reverts
briefly back into a recognizably male scream before fading out entirely.
Skratchadelia is mutantexture generated by turntabilization, by using
the turntables as universal tone generators. Disk of turntable ensemble
Invisibl Skratch Picklz: ' It 's the only instrument that can be any
instrument. When you have a gu!tar, you're limited to how the guitar
sounds. But when you have a turntable, you can take a guitar , you can
take a drum sound, you can take a dog barking, you can take any sound
and manipulate it into your own.'
Q Bert hooks the decks up to guitar-pedals, drastically effecting
skratchadelic textures , immediately opening up an entirely new
spectrum of altered beats and mutantextures.
03(044)
Identification Code unidentified, Press a button,
Change my face
Dr Octagon
The Inhuman
Dr Octagon isn't human. Rather it < . he is a n inhuman that slips and slides
across the alien <> human discontinuum. Its <> his 'skin is green and silver',
morphable to any chromatic situation by 'changing blue skin' until its
'brown colour ' s coming back' . It < . he is an alien adapting to its West
Coast environment, looking like a Caucasian peoploid then 'a paramedic
fetus of the east'. He's prepped with unknown medical tech: 'cybernetic
microscopes '; '2 telescopes that magnify the eye of a roach' . Blue
Flowers is a psychopastoral set in the 'Church of the Operating Room',
delivered in a bedside manner of frightening reassurance. Un-EZ
listening Sirens circle through EEG bleeps, sustained cymballic hiss and
radioactive bass generating the hovering tension of jerry Goldsmith's
Coma soundtrack.
Psychopa thogenetics
The uneasy intimacy of a gloating gynaecologist meets the misanthropic
glare of a rabid ecologist to form Dr Octagon the Gynechologist, the
planetary psychopathogen. David Cronen berg diagnoses Gynechology as
'a future pathological psychology. It's developing now but he anticipates
it being even more developed in the future. He then brings it back to the
past-now and applies it as though it exists completely formed . These
characters are exhibiting a psychology of the future .'
Gynechology slashes and hacks the organism, pulling 'out the skull ',
chiselling ' necks for the answer' to the body whose map puzzles and
baffles aliens everywhere. The body is the question. Surgery provides
the answer to this cellular planet which still mystifies the a lien surgeon.
For aeons, the bad doctor observes humans with a compound eye. 'I
study and inspect people' : Kool Keith and The Automator use HipHop to
put humans under the macroscope. HipHop becomes a reverse
microscope, a speculative imaging system invented by Cyclops 4000 <. Sir
Menelik for magnifying perception. Then the bad doctor moves in, ready
to 'operate on patients, be a rectal rebuilder.' New techniques of
'intestinal surgery' and 'saliva glands relocated' across the orifices
inspire breakthroughs in the field that Techno auditionary jeff Mills
terms basic human design.
Xenogenesis
03(045)
I would just mate humans with alligators.
Huminagators
Kool Keith
The Octagonal world is a biotic landscape where bees fly 'around your
rectum'. The doctor doesn't rap at you, he diagnoses, preoccupied with
his delicate incisions. He <> It compels you to crane your ears towards the
operating table to audiovisualize the clink of scalpels. It 's < . He's busy
relocating, stuffing and inserting patients 'with the needl e and thread,
sewing up all the other buttcracks .' Looking at 'naked pictures' of The
Fantastic Four ' s orange brickworked Thing leads the doctor to explore
the new frontiers of Disney <. Marvel sex. He watches this close
encounter as ' the cartoon Donald Duck' gives 'fe llatio on the floor with
Reed Richards ', the Fantastic Four's venerable and elastic scient ist .
'Sometimes .' Kool Keith has said, ' I don't even feel like I am a human
being anymore. I feel I could put myself in the place of a mammal or an
animal.' Depersonalization allows an identification across the animal
species, a cross-species empathy. In Octagonal Sonic Fiction,
dehumanizing: complexifying the human into a xenolibidinal economy
of genes traded on the open market.
Gynechology opens up the animal < . human continuum, breeding
transgenic species - such as Mr Gerbik, ' half shark-alligator, half man ' .
Gynechology rapidly runs out of control until gorillas are ' masturbating
with human strangers, legally through court', while andrOids are
'leading humans with haemorrhoids ' on goosechases and duckshoots
throughout Planet 3.
Octagonal PhonoFiction examines the senses with a speculum. Not so
much an ecology as a gynaecology of the mind, it uses syntax as probes
inserted through the nostrils, up and out into your sensorium. The
perceptual borders between alien identity, human organism and
organized self collapse into organs sloshing in a blood soup.
Octagon addresses all 'Earth people', subsuming distinctions in a
globalism more threatening than benevolent. After the genocidal
promise of ' I was born on jupiter.' Trad HipHop's misogyny feels like
happy trails, its dystopic misanthropy like instinctive travels through a
gadda da vida. Gynechology doesn't protect species; it preys on them,
taking ' you there ' into the human zoo 'like I was the Predator.'
Continents are zoos , countries are safari parks and humans provide
03[046]
excellent culture for crosspollinating across the mammalian phylum.
Not flowing but gloating, the locum becomes 'Doctor Ludicrous ' who
turns 'into an octopus ' all the more easily to 'grab 8 species' and
'isolate like a incubus' .
Listening to Dr Octagon flashes forwards to the alien abduction you
will never have. You're being alienhandled in an operating theatre of
cruelty and killing jokes: 'The perfect enzyme' s me with your brain in my
other hand.' The alien induces traumas and kills its patients with
insouciance. Dr Octagon is a surgeon out to build a new nervous system
out of your archaic one. It gives you a seasickness of the head.
The Inhuman gets a contact high from cruelty. It lingers over organs
with a loving sense of detail, loses itself in the rapture of dissection, the
joy of getting to work on a warm body.
Boddhisativa Explosion in Slow Motion:
Cypress Hill, The RIA, Gravediggaz, Sunz of Man
oh man homey, my mind is playing tricks on me
Geto Boys
Mythillogical
HipHop has always been headmusic. But the moment it drugs itself, it
turns its back on imminent revolution in favour of immanent revelation.
The street dissolves into the psychosonic geography of gangstadelia.
HipHop becomes an inner-space music. 'Keeping it real' no longer means
representing, because there' s no defined reality left to represent.
Knowledge now means innersight, which overwhelms the true/ false
binary. The street ' s rigid border between the real and the fantastic melts
into the psychospatial treachery of the '91 film jacob 's Ladder. To really
grasp mythillogical HipHop it's essential to rent Adrian Lyne's video
epic, in which New York dissolves into a diabolical swamp of unending
audio hallucinations all the stronger for being unseen.
03[047]
I'm having illusions, driving me mad in my mind
Cypress Hill
360· of Peripheral Persecution
Weed deregulates the means of perception, breaks down the walls of
HipHop' s fortified ego. Cypress Hill 's '92 instrumental Ultraviolet Dreams
melts HipHop's martial self. Producer OJ Muggs ' fuzzy logic of wilting
bass and low-frequency leakage blurs audibi lity, unwinds the gangsta
lean into a woozy gait . Vigilance loses focus in the witchy, whispery
psychoacoustic space of inhalation turned treacly thick. You wander
through its striated wraithscape, a malleable porous flux.
Weed' s dilation effect makes it the time-stretcher, the narcoagent
which slows down the perception of object-events. OJ Muggs is
fascinated by the bullet 's trajectory, how a body looks from the gun's
pov, its sighting line. As Sly Stone croaked: ' Looking at the devil,
grinning at his gun.'
All drugs intensify paranoia. But Weed's special effect is to magnify
the misperception inherent in everyday hearing, thereby tuning HipHop
into a perpetual paranoia of peripheral persecution.
The ear always hears around c'orners. Grass intensifies this until
reality breaks up into proliferating audio hallucinations that trigger
themselves at 360' around your head. At the edges of earshot sounds
launch themselves at you.
In HipHop headmusic, R. Murray Schafer 's schizophony has become
premonitional. Sounds have detached themselves from their sources and
are reaching you before their causes do. Hear what happens when
soundeffects go amiss . They wander without an object . Running amok
with no cause at all, soundeffects generate environments of objectless
ominousness and perpetual imminence.
They took a sonogram and seen the image of a demon
Gravediggaz
The Internal Mechanism of Paranoiac phenomena
Driven by premonitions, myth illogical HipHop is like Sarah Connor in The
Terminator, always talking in the past tense about things it hasn't yet
done. The head is filled with revelations that impeach the daylight . The
RZA's phantasmic HipHop productions induce visions in the ear. Every
03(048)
breath becomes a wince of pain like a knife being swallowed. Each suck
of tical turns into a sharp intake, the shuddering gasp of someone being
hacked at. In Method Man' s Sub Crazy, from his RZA-produced '94 album
Tical, unattributable groans roam around, suffusing everything in an
unlocatable seething violence.
As Tricky points out, Weed is a shortcut to psychosis. Like Dr
Octagon, Redman's alterego Reggie Noble splits off and battles himself,
like Peter Parker vs Spiderman. Noises attribute themselves to unseen
causes, multiply themselves into invisible forces.
The RZA opens up the hyperparanoia of a post-jacob's Ladder world,
in which inanimate objects come alive with an inorganic malevolence.
For Redman, possession is a perpetual possibility: 'I believe you' re
supposed to be able to move stars with your mind. There' s
motherfuckers out here that can jump into your body, put your spirit
out , and you' ll just be walkin' around New York unseen while someone
else is in your body fuckin ' up.'
worship the weed
In ' 95' S Temple of Boom, Cypress Hill worship the despot Weed.
All those clips of peachy-keen white schoolkids from the 50S of the
film Atomic Cafe, hands clutching their heads, praying to the Bomb.
Atomic Muslims bowing to the Mecca mushroom silently screaming:
'Mutate me! Mutate me! '
Weed blows up the head, exploding reality like a mushroom bomb
detonating the mind, like the underworld mutants who worship the
nuclear bomb in Beneath the Planet of the Apes.
The US military wanted to bomb ' Nam back to the Stone Ages.
Worshipping the Holy Weed, Cypress Hill want to bomb their minds back
to the Middle Ages.
03(049)
Now I dwell in an Islamic Temple/I'm fighting a
holy war in the mental
Gravediggaz
Holycore Is the Blight of the World
With Gravediggaz' Diary of A Madman from their virulent ' 94 conceptoxic
album Niggamortis, HipHop breaks through into the mythillogic of the
Darkside. In the fictional space of a courtroom hearing, The Gravediggaz
- producers The Undertaker . > Prince Paul and The RZArector · > The RZA,
The Gatekeeper . >Frukwan and Grym Reaper . > Poetic - face murder
charges. Each steps forward to enter an insanity plea. Each verse
projects excerpts from a meta-exorcism on the screen of your mind. A
wall of guitarchimes opens up a sampladelic Gothic, a monastery of the
head where keening Gregorian chants throw shadows across stonework.
The head becomes a theatre for the warring forces of Heaven and Hell.
Consumed by spirits and possessed by visions, consciousness is the
casualty in this ' holy war in the mental'.
To stress this war between states of mind, Gravediggaz' protege and
guest rapper Shabazz the Disciple's term for this Darkside is Holycore.
Like its doppelganger Horrorcore, Holycore blights everything. Instead of
enlightening through edutainment, it turns out the light of the world,
plunges the sky into what Sunz of Man term 'a magnetic flux beyond
control ' . As The RZA explains, the Darkside of HipHop is aversion
therapy for droogs anaesthetized by too much HipHop: ' Heaven and Hell
are on earth. They're your good times and your bad times. The holy war
is the struggle inside our heads, the war for peace. People walk around
mentally dead. It ' s our duty to dig up their mental graves and bring them
back to life.' This shock therapy for the sensorium parallels Ludovico's
' learning by torture' in Kubrick' s A Clockwork Orange. The cold humour
of Dial 1-800 Suicide is a scartoon which brings the pain, raises welts
and draws blood to freeze it. Like Dr Octagon and Funkadelic - right
down to the hommage Mommy What's a Gravedigga? - the myth illogical
humour of Gravediggaz lacerates minds inured to sensation, intensifies
illness in order to sensitize.
03[050]
I contain the science to make an angel bleed
through his vision
Sunz of /!fan
ultraviolet superception
This is aftermath music for a weary world stoned into a stupefied
superception. Public Enemy's war demanded hyperalert soldiers, the
jagged edge of '89'S Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos. In Sunz of Man's
'95 Soldiers of Darkness, HipHop gives into visions, plunges into the
waking nightmares that The Bomb Squad's alarm for the world tried to
prevent: 'Visions of me on the night of a solar eclipse aboarding the
mothership taking my last glimpse from this deluded earth.' External war
has been internalized into 'the depths of my inner sight' only to spill out
blurring the borders in a psychosonic storm.
Sunz of Man begin at the point of extreme exhaustion, when soldiers
hallUCinate, suffer from crisis apparitions. Wu Tang producer Genius's
'95 track Greyhound Part 2 Remix starts out already exhausted, defeated,
its tempo barely more than a trudge, footsore. Caught in the aftermath
of explosion, Killah Priest 's voice peel s inside out in slow motion.
Hurled into a windtunnel of delayed impact, vowels buckle and groan,
consonants gust in phonemic debris thrown off by a distant detonation.
Wheezing groans intensify the sense of overwhelming fatigue.
Greyhound Part 2 is a long march, a trek extolled by chimes heard
through smoke, transient tones of tintinnabulation. Flutes, trumpets,
guitar are fatigued, winded. A boneweary 'yeah' escapes from someone's
throat. Gregorian chorale stretches into hive noise. The moans of
perverse monks imbue everything with a cloistered malevolence.
Haunted-house violins cycle into steady micropolyphonal swarms at
once hallowed and dolorous. Soldiers hallucinate celestial visitations on
the Somme in WWI: 'I was shown the crucifixion by 2 Egyptians/ A war in
heaven, I saw Christ with a Mac II / SO I joined him and prepared for
Armageddon, Armageddon, Armageddon.'
Decapitated MCs wander like wraiths through the warzone of
Headless HipHop. Brontosaurian bass stalks a battlefield scorched by
blasts of megalithic guitar feedback. His voice sl owed down to a groan,
Killah Priest is a headless MC reciting from beyond the grave.
03[051]
All this seems to be an exorcism to make our
demons flow
Antonin Artaud
The Priests Will Soon Swarm
Time feeds forward into the new Dark Ages. Each time the Inner Mind's
Eye blinks, it puts out the sun. In Revelations, the Son of Man is
Heaven's hired assassin, putting Sinners to the sword on Judgement Day.
Multiplying the Son of Man into the Sunz of Man - dramaturgist Killah
Priest, vocalists 62nd Assassin, Prodigal Sunn, Hell Razah, producer 4th
Disciple - blaze with a solar fanaticism. They are God' s Avengers,
'soldiers of idolatry fighting the sins of reality.' Each 12 rescores
Revelations as auditionary Sonic Fiction, a War in Heaven with all
factions desperate to maintain control.
The Earth is their deerpark and you are its fawns. Sunz of Man are
not human so much as devout exterminators, 'the universal warlord ':
Cortez with a Kalashnikov M16. They are Armageddon accelerators
inflaming the sensations they deplore, who ' came together for one
accord', to dream of genocide for Jesus: ' Hearken. As the night darkens,
you've been warned that the priests will soon swarm.'
Visions of priests spreading their cloaks and swarming over
Oklahoma, searching for unbelievers to put to the sword and 'be done
away like the unicorn'. Killing is praying, terror is faith, murder is holy.
Killah Priest warns of the 'si de effects' of war which 'bring the
glycosis' until ' insanity enters humanity, invades the central nervous
system.' Abruptly his voice slurs and slides into glossolalia, becomes an
urgent gibberish overwhelmed, jacknifed by a voluptuous swoon never
heard in HipHop before: 'this technique is so aaah, aaah - ' and
HipHop's voicearmour is overcome by the wargasm.
Reeling from the force of revelation, he recounts how 'the 4 run to
the 4 corners of the earth and the 5th run into the sun.' In a dazed
accapell a, Killah Priest, the annihilator, is pierced by ' a light beam' until
he recollects how he ' was formed in a white dream.'
Killah Priest doesn' t so much rap as incant or invoke in an
inquisitorial tone. Reverb snatches hi s voice to the alcoves. He' s
Torquemada at Millennium's End, the final despot who commands you to
'bri ng the wicked before me and slay them before my feet .' There's no
doubt that this fanatical anti-abortionist was there at the burning of
Sodom and Gomorrah, bombing the bathhouses, torching the clubs.
03[052]
Five Arch Angels is the score for A Canticle for Leibowitz in which the
world nukes itself back to a Middle Ages run by Techno-monks. In the
wake of The Song is a wraithland of swarming drones, infernal sighs,
disembodied moans and magnified breathing.
something outside had to enter, something which
we ourselves would be unable to build
Philip K. Dick
3rd Eye capture
Tricky, The RZA and Killah Priest are all infatuated with the dormant
powers of the 3rd Eye. In Rakim's Islamatronic fiction, Rammellzee' s and
Shock Dell 's cryptomachine and Killah Priest 's psychoacoustic Darkside,
the 3rd Eye is a secret faculty that scans the nonvisible spectrum for
radio, ultraviolet , daemonic, acoustic waveforms.
Precisely because medical science doesn't know its function, the
pineal gland attracts esoterrorist tradition, which argues it's really the
3rd Eye, the dormant Inner Mind's Eye, an archaic power that Philip K.
Dick suggests is opened by meditation: 'We relinquished the 3rd Eye, our
prime evolutionary attribute. Then it 's the 3rd Eye that gets us back out
of the maze. That 's why the 3rd Eye is identified with god-like powers or
with enlightenment, in Egypt and in India. The 3rd Eye had to be
reopened if we were to get out of the maze ... but since we no longer
remembered that we had the eye of discernment , we could not go about
seeking techniques for reopening it. Something outside had to enter,
something which we ourselves would be unable to build.' Effram Wolf's
watercolour sleeve for Stevie Wonder's Innervisions shows an ochre-
and-brown optic ray blasting out of his closed eyelid, a field of
vegetational vision searchlighting the stratosphere like The X-Men's
Cyclops gone botanical. Wonder's plantsight triggers an eco-optics of the
Mind 's Eye. And Funkadelic are the aromanauticists of perception,
setting off harrowing hallucinhalations of the Mind's Nose.
03[053]
Boll Weevil Computer Brain: Funkadelic
The brain is a population
Deleuze and Guattari
Lysergic Equation for the Funkatized Psyche
Funk + LSD = Funk Psychedelicized = Psychedelia Funkatized = Funkadelia,
as Manuel De Landa explains: ' When you trip you liquefy structures in
your brain, linguistic structures, intentional structures. They acquire a
less viscous consistency and your brain becomes a supercomputer.
Information rushes into your brain, which makes you feel like you're
having a revelation. But no one is revealing anything to you. It's just self
organizing. It's happening by itself.' LSD generates a Funkadelic Liquid
Computer, the funkatized psyche that rechannels anger from the street
into alternatives to reality.
Impeach the Universe
Funkadelia impeaches the universe, confronts reality, sets out to destroy
an insane world over and over. Back in his mind again after tripping out,
George Clinton realized that 'I could get mad enough at the world and
how it was treating people to wait in an alley and kill some muthafucka.
But there ain't no winning in a situation like that, so once we got out of
there I'd take acid to make sure I didn't get that mad no more. I'd start
looking at, you know, alternate realities.'
Acid's information supernova blows up the ego. Hence the dot of the
'i' in the Funkadelic logo is replaced by Pedro Bell 's grinning ape-skull,
the Grateful Dead logo gone loco. The globe mushrooms out of its
cranium in a planet-annihilating, world-forming explosion. Funkadelia
isn't an escape into other worlds, but a deathtrip into the
hallucinogenres of LSD and the superpsychedelic STP. As Jay Stevens
describes the STP trip: 'Descriptions of it sounded like war stories,
people exploding through the envelope and burning, or filled with a cold
wind that wouldn't stop blowing through the hollows of their mind.'
Which describes the Funkadelic audio experience very exactly. Acid
opens a cataclysmic continuum between Vietnam, Detroit and Other
Planes of There.
03[054]
The Logic of catastrophe
In Wars of Armageddon, the world is annihilated before your very ears
in a logic that J. G. Ballard elaborates : 'The catastrophe represents a
constructive and positive act of the imagination, an attempt to confront
a patently meaningless universe by challenging it at its own game, an
attempt to dismantle the formal structure of time and space which the
universe wraps around us.'
To be funkadelicized is not to retreat back into the mind but to
externalize the mind ' s fears , expand them until the listener swims
through a universe brimming over with cosmic slop, vaginal discharge.
The formal structure of time collapses into swill. Space loses its
dignity, falls kneedeep into the shit of the world. Funkadelia intensifies
the osmosis of funk, amplifies its imperceptible aroma. Osmium,
Parliament's <> Funkadelic' s '70 debut, is named for the heaViest , most
pungent metal on Earth. Rock plus aroma converge in what the RZA terms
heavy mental music. Because humans have no noselids, they're
defenceless from rhinal attack. Formless and pointless, funkadelia
therefore invades through the nostrils and seeps through the nerves,
setting inhalation at war with the body. You breathe in the putrefaction
of the universe . ' We can't clean up shit or get shit right until we
recognize we got maggots in our brain, that any situation we make will be
rotten because the attitude we' re using is already poisoned.' Funkadelic
shares the fall and makes a friend of fear : 'We took the blame for shit. Sly
would see it slightly. Yes , Mr Stewart had the fear and could accept the
ugliness, and his shit was so profound that you always thought he was
talking about you.'
Thought is bio-Iogical or does not exist
Rene Menil
chaosmic Kemistry
Funkadelia opens a biologic of thought, a physiology of perception.
Mind, soul , universe: the old, old worlds of Trad sensory deprivation are
suddenly materialized, gratuitously oralized. Concepts are fondled and
licked, sucked and played with. In ' 70'S What Is Soul, the Funkadelic
Alien arrives on Earth: 'Behold, I Am Funkadelic, I Am Not of your
World/ But fear me not, I will do you no harm/ Loan me your funky mind,
So I can play with it .' Like Galactus the planet-swallowing god of the
03[055]
Marvel universe, the Funkulator lives by cosmophagy, the philosophical
rite that Susan Sontag explains as 'the eating of the world.' The nose
knows that the mind is food for the maggots. Mommy What 's A
Funkadelic? opens with Clinton drawling demonically ' If you will suck my
soul I will lick your funky emotion,' while Maggot Brain circles around
the cosmic bummer: 'I have tasted the Maggots in the Mind of the
Universe.' Here a universe is small enough to roll on the tongue:
metaphysics desublimates, swaps shapes with a mouth as wide as the
cosmos which spits out the soul in an endless well of phlegm.
United Mutations of Rmerica
Funkadelic enlists you on the side of your darkest fears by tapping into
the toxic drives of technology. Maggot Brain ' could scare you to death.'
The inside sleeve artwork of '72' S America Eats Its Young shows the
Statue of Liberty with bloodstained fangs snacking on babies. In Eulogy
and Light, time slips backwards into what Clinton will later term a
backwashpsychosis, a terroride into the Altered States and United
Mutations of America .
Cyborganographics
Pedro Bell's gatefold sleeve art for the '73-'76 albums Cosmic Slop,
Standing on the Verge of Getting It On, Let's Take It to the Stage, Tales
of Kidd Funkadelic and Hardcore jollies visualizes funkadelia as an
organographic Sonic Fiction. Funkadelia becomes an appalling
cyborganographics. At the other extreme from Kraftwerk's seamless
menschmachine, the funk cyborg spills its guts in a diabolical chaos of
pustulating 'nastyness '. From '73' S Cosmic Slop onwards, each Funkadelic
scartoon - a cartoon that leaves scars, in Bell ' s definition - reveals
episodes from a prolonged EcoRape of Mother Earth, with her maggot
hair, slitted eyes, pointed incisors. Felt-tipped intestines emerge from
the giant Mother figure, entrails escaping from the bodily incorporation
that the digital materialist Nick Land terms the human security system.
Digestive tracts, creeping umbelli forms , organs without bodies more
slimeware than wetware slither through space, squishing over magazine
collages. Alimentary canals merge with maggots to become
unidentifiable dripping matter oozing globules of goo. Aliens riveted
together from steel plates with jigsaw-puzzle shaped outlines where
organs should be slide altimeters from cold to hot . Funkadelia is total
dis-organization, the disconcerting slurpy slew of cyborgans gone awol
03(056)
in a universe of someone else' s insides. Pedro Bell's emetic pharmadelia
wants you to vomit ingested emotion, beliefs swallowed and impacted
into boli. The conceptoxic landscape makes you sick to make you better.
Funkadelia generates a global head, an ego that explodes in the atomic
chain reaction. The detonating ' i' in Funkadelic's logo is
atmospherocephalic in Dali's sense; it puts the external world 'into the
service of the reality of our mind '.
In the information fallout of the sampladelic era, Tricky designs a
scatterbrain which thinks bomblike. Jeru the Damajaa's equation for
scattershot thought is ' my brain C3 H5 N3 09 like nitroglycerin' .
chase Through the Headphones: Tricky
Equipped with contradictory visions, an ugly hand
caged in pretty metal, I observe a new mechanique.
I am the wild machinist, past destroyed,
reconstructing the present
samuel R. Delany
Abducted by Audio
You value the momentary sample because it abducts you. Levels
fluctuating on the phoneline in Abbaon Fat Tracks, the mother whispering
'Can you fly fast as you can to be with Jesus': all this is a window opening
in time, sound falling into your mind, 0.5 seconds of processed videosignal
captured from an unknown 50S tv film set in an imaginary 40s.
Sampling allows a way of collapsing all eras of black
music onto a chip
Greg Tate
The Anachronizer
The sample works like the scene in Nic Roeg's '76 The Man Who Fell to
Earth, where Thomas Newton sees the 18th C peasants through the
yellow of centuries while they see a white Rolls, suffused in blue,
cruising through farmland . I would throwaway a century of movies for
03[057]
this anachronic moment - when the 18th and 20th Cs infiltrate each
other, crossfading into the time Miles calls yesternow.
The sampler is the universal instrument, the instrument that makes
all other instruments.
The sampler operates just like this Roeg sequence or like the music
heard in Ishmael Reed's Egypt AD '72: 'A mixture of Sun Ra and Jimmy Reed
played in the nightclub district of ancient Egypt's "The Domain of Osiris".'
It ' s an anachronizer that derealizes time : a snare from '69 Michigan
United Studios, a duet of the Bombay Studio Orchestra from ' 72 on Led
Zeppelin's Friends with gunshots modulated from a CCTV clip to
videostatic from a ' 63 ZDF documentary on Dogon cosmograms to the
shriek of Jerry Goldsmith's Varesian arrangements for the Planet of the
Apes soundtrack.
You're abducted into this world, distributed along its dimensions -
but this world leans into yours. Sampladelia is both the reality-effect of
samples you recognize and the Origin Unknown effect of samples you
don ' t . These Unidentified Sonic Objects can suddenly substitute
themselves for the world, eclipsing it , orphaning you, washing you up on
its shores . There ' s a powerful sensation of deletion as samples trigger
successive waves of synthetic defamiliarization.
The sampler - which includes the vcr and the ansafone - is a
machine for derealizing solid state sounds. Sampladelia is the state of
being overcome by 20 seconds of sound.
Motion capture
The Breakbeat functions by cutting into the track. It operates as
Motion Capture, ruthlessly discarding The Song, blatantly disregarding
original intent. Indifferent to tradition, the Breakbeat sacrifices the
past to the now.
Stripmining the source draws attention to the Parliamentarian or the
Serge Gainsbourg archive, but the sampler function is as predatory as it
is respectful.
Sampler memory determines this as a rule for all sampladelia. The
sampler insists you know what sounds you love.
It imposes your sensual satisfaction on you as a condition of its
memory capacity. You ' re forced to externalize your taste. Every sample
is a report on <> from the internal state of your sensorium. your personal
selection amplified into a global memorybank.
03[058]
You Rre a Habitform
Digging in the crates means becoming a samplefinder, hunting the
ignored audiozones , listening to the world, chasing down the remnant,
the indifferent/ useless original track. Listening to the breaks flare up
from the unfamiliar track, each sample recognizes you. Heard in its
unknown original , the beat becomes a Motion Capturer that seizes your
skin memory, flashbacks your flesh. Each sample is an aural camera
which reveals you as a Clintonian habitform, the organism formed by
habit. The sample, a window into psychoaffective time, exposes and
externalizes the instamatic mechanism that is your innermost taste. It
retroactivates all the times the needle draws you to drop it on the
groove. It reveals the spontaneous you as a servomechanism of the
playback function, compelled to load the cd, press the remote, lift the
needle off the runout groove. It reveals the intimate interface between
you and the turntable, makes audiovisual the machine' s view of you.
Hearing the original recede into unrecognizability reverses the
Breakbeat procedure. Time turns back, returns you to a long-gone world
in which OJ Kool Herc never invented the Breakbeat.
Headspace is the geography of the mind which can
be reached by no telescope
R. Murray Schafer
Subtract the Song
Against pop's presence, its realtime voice, dub asserts the logic of the
dropout, the song's gravity being plunged into a yawning chasm, of
space as an invasive force on the song, x-raying the song structure,
disembodying the song, distributing its traces, hunting the ghosts of
sonic textures. Dub is the nth-degree warpfactor , the trace element. It
disorganizes The Song, subtracts into an apparition, a phantom funk of
stealth and intermittence.
As an agent of alteration, dub' s derealization of The Song's profile,
its recognizable edges, feels far more present than does rub' s
oversouled human presence.
Wraith
03[059]
I feel alien, and like someone's going to recognize
me in a minute as an alien
Tricky
On Massive Attack' s ' 91 Blue Lines, the HipHop voice deflates and
spatializes into a headphone music for headz, a bedroom music. With
Tricky, post-HipHop headmusic becomes headless , wraithlike,
unheimlich, at home nowhere. Tricky's inhibited murmur doesn't emerge
so as much retreat asthmatically from the side of his mouth. Trad
HipHop hypes the voice, revs it into a motor mouth. With Tricky, verbal
flow slows down to a baleful crawl that cloaks Martina's withered husk
of a drawl. Often, this croak is barely there, just a shade of itself.
Martina and Tricky are not so much singers as fluxes , perpetually
transmitting abrupt bursts, human aerials resonating with the low-
frequency oscillations of the city in tremulous sympathy. Tricky's not
interested in narrative as much as psychogeographical textures that blur
the subject = object divide into a hazy continuum.
The Blunt Smokes You
Tricky is not so much a narcissist as a narcossist. Narcissists never
smoke, never do drugs because drugs take time away from yourself,
precious time that the narcissist could be spending on themselves . The
narcissist gets high on the endless supplies of themselves. The narciSSist
works fulltime on the endless job that is themselves.
For the narcossist, on the other hand, the self goes up in smoke.
Being is an unbearable heaviness.
Bomblike
The narcossist dissipates all this hard work as easily as inhaling: ' My
brain thinks my brain thinks bomblike.' Nowadays , as Tricky points out
'everything happens at once, not just one thing at a time. I'm trying to be
3-dimensional.' Like Basquiat's worldmachine painting Pegasus, Tricky is
a hypersensitive human antenna, a human radar, an exposed cortex w(th
all his nerves on the outside. 'My brain thinks bomblike' : all the info of
the datasphere floods into these human transmitters .
By admitting to fl aws, amplifying frailness, Tricky fashions a searing
force from weakness, implicates you in a conflict of confusion, spite,
petulance, awkwardnes s; dysfunktionality disarms HipHop's bellicose
03[060]
belligerence, dissolves House's emotional carapace.
The first sign of psychosis is a Christ complex
The lawnmower /lion
VC Christ Complex<>Oevil Syndrome
On ' 95' S Psychosis, The RZA' s diabolical atmosphere evacuates standard
song structure, replacing it with a miasma of swarming drones, infernal
sighs, disembodied moans and magnified breathing.
The beats don't keep time; instead they drag time down into a
drugged tempo. A high-pitched hum insinuates through the track,
deliberately inducing a new and improved tinnitus, the perpetual ringing
of the ears that you can never switch off. No earl ids.
The song' s remains are saturated by an overwhelming claustrophobia
that pervades everything. Your body cringes from its infernal shakers
but the intensified malevolence reaches out and traps you, draws you
down into its world. You ' re caught inside a pair of giant lungs. Each
c1ose-miked inhalation, each asthmatic heave draws you in through its
nostrils. Psychosis drains your lifeblood, leaving you enervated, crushed
by sonic pressure.
Tricky' s voice slows to a crawling shudder. Shivering shreds of voice
shadow each other, volume less shapes writhe around his croaking death
rattle: 'So it seems I ' m the Devil ' s son/ Out of breath and on the
run/ Jesus Christ they wanna be me. ' Tricky explains the drug <> tech
interface of the Christ Complex: ' I smoke a lot of weed and, you know,
it's a fact that people who smoke weed go through Devil syndromes and
Jesus syndromes.'
Songs become prophetic visions that accelerate the apocalypse they
warn against : ' Space race the alien/ The Devil ' s come for me/ The Devil's
come for me. '
03[061]
I escape with my sanity, utilizing :Jrd vision /
Surrounded by a :J-sided figure containing the brain
of a triggering mechanism
Organized Konfusion
Paranoimia
The world becomes a permanent threat , swarming with dog devils
and earth angels, a destabilized flux of perpetual paranoia. 720' of
peripheral suspicion, unfounded grudges and wild guesses: all these
externalize themselves, split off, roam around, come alive.
The RZA stretches out each word in the spooked shudder of Hanna
Barbera horrorcore. Syntax is dragged until speech is dried out , all the
words are Withered, Sibilated, sucked from an oxygen mask.
The RZA winces after each line as if needles ink out tattoos on his
back: 'There is no more rain left in the forest . Everything is petrified,
terrified, horrified.' His voice crawls to a stage whisper .
HipHop enters a digital Dark Age in which the Seven Deadly Sins, the
Christian psychomachies, return as audiohallucinations, psychic
pathologies plaguing HipHop's wretched hoodrats: 'You have been denied
the right to your 3rd Eye. Now it's shut t .. . t ... t. .. t. .. t ... t .. . t. No more
to be opened' [laughs). On one hand the 3rd Eye is an obsolete pineal
gland, the remnant of ape , , human evolution, a million-year-old body
sensor. On the other, it 's the large, unexplained blank spot in the middle
of the visual field, the mind's eye, the threshold to godlike perception,
the eye of insight that gives humans immaterial innervisions.
04(062)
INNER
SPATIALIZING
THE SONG
[Towards 0] MythScience of the Mixing Desk: The Upsetter
Far from Rastafari 's flat-earth metaphysics, its fundamentalist blood and
fire, Lee Perry' s productions and theory fictions open up an entirely new
field: the MythScience of the mixing desk. The Upsetter taps into the
secret life of sound machines , opens the cybernetics of the studio.
Remix Your Head
In the Upsetter ' s conceptechnics, the mixing desk is a mental machine, a
mind <> machine interface. Perry diagrams the neurocircuitry of the
Soundcraft mixing board, its thought flow: ' 1 put my mind into the
machine and the machine performs reality. Invisible thoughtwaves, you
put them into the machine by sending them through the controls and the
knobs or you jack it into the jackpanel.' It is a medium that forms
reality, violently bending the environment, massaging it.
04(063)
I introduce myself as a mistake
Indelible Iotes
The Secret Life of Sound Machines
Perry is the analyst of the studio' s ability to extend perception. The
mixing desk decomposes The Song, leaving a skeletal ribcage. The Black
Ark studio is a machine lifeform: '1 see the studio must be like a living
thing, a life itself. The machine must be live and intelligent. The
jackpanel is like the brain itself so you got to patch up the brain and
make the brain a living man.'
Dub demands symbiosis that externalizes the mind, drastically
reconfiguring the human producer into a machine being, an audio
cyborg: ' You are listenin' to a machine . 1 imitate human being, I'm a
machine being, 1 don't work with human beings.' When you sculpt space
with the mixing desk, these technical effects - gate and reverb, echo and
flange - are routes through a network of volumes, doorways and tunnel s
connecting spatial architectures.
We're taking over the sun, we're changing time, we're
changing space
The Iotighty Upsetter
Meteorology of the Echoplex
Using the Echoplex to clone echoes and the Roland Space Echo to delay
time and accumulate shocks of reverberation, Perry reremixes nth-
dimensional impacts, neither snares nor syncussion but perplexing,
confounding SonoMatter. In the electromagnetic nth world of '75 'S
Revolution Dub and '78'S Return of the Super Ape, The Song is
disinterred until its ghost universes populate the world.
Return of the Super Ape is dub that disturbs the atmosphere until it
yields poltergeists . Arriving ahead of cause, sound turns motiveless ,
premonitional, inexplicable. ' Well , [the drumsl were going through the
Echoplex and with the Echoplex we can do anything. We can change
energy and feelings . ' Stray sonic debris crashes through space, looms
into closeup. Effects decelerate until they become baffling, frustrating
ricochets from an unloaded gun. The wind of Baudelaire' s wings of
madness sends sounds careering across living space. 'The drum contro ls
the heartbeat and the bass holds the space. I dub from inner t o outer
04(064)
space. The sound that I get out of the Black Ark studio, I don ' t really get
it out of no other studiO. It was like a space craft. You could hear space
in the tracks.'
Space between sound doesn' t drop out, it's pulled out from between
beats until it convulses, buckles, folds up into fists of solid air that
buffet you with what Perry calls the Shocks of the Mighty. Giant
pulsations trample space like colossal youth. Glass shatters, slows down
into collapsing cardboard. The ghosts of ghosts of effects, 5th generation
fx, unforeheard screams, rattles and rustles agitate the air.
Separated from its cause, the Echoplex creates an ominousness
without an object, an all-pervasive feeling of force undefined, of
atmospheric energies, which rends The Song, tears it apart. The mixing
desk accesses the magnetic fields . It is a control tower from which the
turbulence of technology is reconfigured: 'We are here at the Turntable
Terranova, it means we are taking over. We ' re taking over the air, we're
taking over the mounts, we ' re taking over the star, we' re taking over the
sun, we're changing time, we' re changing power, we're changing grace,
we ' re changing space.'
In a World of Echo
As soon as you have echo, listening has to completely change. Your ear
has to chase the sound. Instead of the beat being this one event in time,
it becomes this series of retreating echoes, like a tail of sound. The beat
becomes a tail which is always disappearing round the corner and your
ear has to start chasing it . If you ' re wearing headphones or a walkman it
becomes a chase through the headphones. The Echoplex turns listening
into running. You can' t catch the beat , the tails of sound as they turn
the corner, disappear down a corridor. From King Tubby to Basic
Channel , the cymbal is always just out of reach, always taking the corner
of perception. Where rhythm should be there is space, and vice versa .
Spectral dub pivots around an absent beat . Revolution Dub is The
Upsetter 's mindfield. Every track ambushes you , confounds the process
of pattern cognition by leaving the expected beat implied. By opening
holes at the tightest moments of the groove, pulse falls through
subtracted space, polyrhythm wrongfoots you, tugs and pushes at
expectation, yanks the floorboards from underneath you. Echo turns the
bea t from a localized impact into an environment with you inside.
Refractions bounce back from any surface. Initially the snare hits a
stretched drumskin, the pedal depresses air between 2 cymbals so it
04(065)
hisses . Pneumatic metal pressure. Now the impact that run away from
your hearing rebounds back at you from the wall, the ceiling, the floor.
The world turns into a giant drum with you at its centre. Beats ricochet
off 360' , curving around the walls of the world.
sitcom Ghosts stalk the Spectral Song
By bringing the outside into the inside of The Song, Perry releases
sitcom ghosts into the spectral Song. Perry samples tv before the
sampler, just as Holger Czukay uses radiO, drawing signals down through
the aerials into The Song, crackling open another timezone inside the
track. Space changes places. Reality reverses itself.
The bursts of smashing glass, squawling babies, trickling water, toilet
flushes, rustling wind scatter The Song to the winds . Perry enlists a
crying baby, a cow, a horse and a 70S tv sitcom on backing vocals. Like a
great grandfather clock gone loco, each production becomes a
percussion contraption, sprung open and haywired. Shakers, rattles ,
whistles, croakers, bells, toy piano, arthritic drum boxes in a perpetual
rhythms hower, a molecular motion.
The Black Ark studio switches on a technology-magic discontinuum.
Operating the mixing desk demands you explore its network of altering
spaces. Perry crosses into its ghost dimension, walks through the
temporal maze of aural architecture. 'So me join the ghost squad longtime
and them notice me as the Ghost Captain. I am the Ghost Captain.'
' Revolution Dub is not so much produced as reduced by Perry. The
Song is x-rayed into exoskeletal forms through which tv leaks . For
Woman 's Dub, the distorted snares drum like needlepoint magick, but
rusted, ferric . Kojak is an intoxicated mix, an echochamber of moans in
which space staggers and lurches dangerously.
In Doctor on the Go, Perry picks out a hesitant lullaby on piano,
crooning ' Doctor on the Go' over and over as if he' s being bereaved
while the studio laughtrack shudders in then subsides back into babble,
theme tune and studio applause. Incongruous occupation of the same
dimension, ambiences rub in an incompatible friction. Bush Weed' s
drums are reversed so the cymbal sustain expands in a metallic shimmer
before the snares beat time. The snares drum like knitting needles on
silver fOil, microscopic magick tha t anticipates the nth-dimensional
needlepoint of 4 Hero' s The Paranormal in Four Forms. Raindrops and a
nature-documentary voiceover seeps in: ' Man has always been a threat
t o woodl a nd a nimals .' Throughout Revolution Dub, Perry's bereft,
04[066]
tottering in a tremulous falsetto of compelling indecipherability. In
Raindrops, he sings in an eggshell treble as fragile as Leslie Cheung, the
Chinese boy-girl performer in the '93 film Farewell My Concubine, and
tiptoes through Bird in Hand on lily pads. On the snare drop, his tremolo
is languidity, rockabye bassmotion.
R Field Trip through an Electromagnetic Environment of Distortion
The sonic future from Kraftwerk to Pink Floyd is always balanced,
quadrophonically separated. Perry makes distortion the lead instrument
in his intoxicated mixology, in which balance lurches, the spatial
coordinates of up and down, near and far all heave and yaw in a
seasickness of the ear, a drunkenness of the head.
Balance, the Trad location and identification of sound in space, is
replaced by a seesawing motion, inducing an oppression by space, a
threatening sense that space is about to crush you, push you off this
revolving planet. Your hearing is on the verge of throwing up.
With The Upsetter, depth of field is neither weightless and empty nor
vaulting and overwhelming. Instead it's crowded with crackle, seething,
heaving, teeming with wraiths deprived of definition, lost from history,
jostling for space. ' His method of dumping tracks onto one track to free
them for further overdubbing introduced an effect of degradation that
became an essential part of the mix.' What Steve Barrow calls
degradation is electromagnetic enchantment. In Return of the Super Ape,
the fuzz and leakage of nth-generation tape-distress become lead
instruments, drowning the echoscape in a haze of electric feedback.
Distortion pushes at the limits of the medium until it exceeds the
medium, The Song imploding, disintegrating into oxide, drizzling rain,
sibilance, an entire spectral dimension in sound.
The tracks succumb to apparitions, become porous, crackle like the
celluloid burning up at the end of Ingmar Bergman's film ' 66 Persona.
Degeneration: Regeneration. Sound sussurates into an electromagnetic
nth world through which ghosts grow, effects superimpose and
wraiths congregate.
Listening becomes a field trip through a found environment .
Everything emerges from the subaudible static of underwater
electrickery, perpetually rustling and granulating, fibrous and aquatic.
Perry buries video tapes in soil , turning the medium environmental.
05[067]
VIRTUALIZING THE
BREAKBEAT
Wildstyle Adventures in the Hyperdimensions of the Breakbeat:
4 Hero, Rob Playford and Goldie, A Guy Called Gerald
Traditionally, the music of the future is always beatless. To be futuristic
is to jettison rhythm. The beat is the ballast which prevents escape
velocity, which stops music breaking beyond the event horizon. The
music of the future is weightless, transcendent, neatly converging with
online disembodiment. Holst's Planet Suite as used in Kubrick's 2001,
Eno' s Apollo soundtrack, Vangel is' Blade Runner soundtrack: all these
are good records - but sonically speaking, they' re as futuristic as the
Titanic, nothing but updated examples of an 18th C sublime.
05[068]
Technology has made us look at music through a microscope
Goldie
The Computerization of the Breakbeat
With the post-Marley Marl computerization of the Breakbeat , all this
[rlearview hearing is over. To go out into space today means to go
further into rhythm. Far from abandoning rhythm, the Futurist producer
is the scientist who goes deeper into the break, who crosses the
threshold of the human drummer in order to investigate the
hyperdimensions of the dematerialized Breakbeat.
Our drummers don't sweat anymore
Kraftwerk
Breakbeat Science Is Rhythmic Psychedelia
The Breakbeat scientist never sweats : rhythmatics becomes less about
practice, more about 'thinking and hearing', as Kraftwerk said. Moving
into the possibility space of hyperrhythm, posthuman rhythm that ' s
impossible to play, impossible to hear in a history of causation. For
Goldie, hyperrhythm begins at the point when ' we ' ve lost the drummer';
at the moment when 'you're reading the break like braille.'
To talk of the 'future of computer music' immediately presumes a
academic composer-scientist locked into a prewar model of top-down
official science. But Breakbeat science is the runaway future of computer
music, in which alphanumerical sound escapes from the lab, replicating
across bedroom studios in a series of covert operations. Breakbeat
science is the secret technology of gene-splicing sound, the unofficial
science of rhythm hacking the break until it becomes a passage into the
drumtrip and the drumtrick, an escalation of rhythmic timbreffects. As
Dego McFarlane of 4 Hero explains: ' You end up with a sound that's like
a 6th-generation sample, completely different to what you started with.'
Hypercussion
Hyperrhythm' s digital supersession of the human immedia t ely a lters your
perception of the percussive act. As an actional event in times pace,
drumming loses its solidity. Breakbeat science scrambles the logic of
causation, opens up a new illogi c of hypercussion and supercussion.
The Paranormal in Four Forms exemplifies the supercussive goal of 4
05[069]
Hero: to reconfigure rhythms so that they travel through space.
McFarlane and Goldie 'used to talk about this sound that would go all
the way around and tap you on the shoulder .' In Paranormal, rhythm is a
heatseeking break which goes awol, reorganizing sound into an
aerodynamic epic. Each break branches, the rattlesnake break in the
right speaker travels around your head, fading behind your neck,
swallowing its tail. The left-Side break fades away behind your head,
intersecting with the right in a subsonic turbulence, reemerging so close
it grazes your head while the right is far off, subaudible.
Simultaneously the left-side break distresses into a high-pitched tone
which drops out only to loom up in your ear, shrieking like a jetfighter.
Behind you space trembles as each flightpath agitates the other's orbit at
different speeds.
Caught up in the Audiomaze
With The Paranormal in Four Forms, you're inside binaural
anamorphosis , all caught up in what producer Dr S. Gachet terms the
audiomaze. Beats split and launch themselves in parallel flightpaths. The
left side is effected into a transistor treble, peaking at a stress-inducing
screech. The 2 cross , each swallows the other and everything is tubed
through an nth-dimensional torus.
Drumsticks become knitting needles hitting electrified bedsprings at
180 bpm, crackling on impact with humps of atonal bass . Each beat
recoils playing the nerves like a harp. Both orbits coincide, the right as
knife-sharpening scythe, the left as speed-metal blur, rattlesnake spasms
which compress into bedsprings as taut as Tesla coils.
At this level altered beats trigger what Method Man terms
subcraziness. McFarlane recalls ' kids coming up to you , talking about The
Paranormal, saying how they saw things coming out of the lights and
tried to grab them.' Wound up into a hairtrigger tautness, breaks
springload the reflexes until you become a body-gun aching to be
released. Your muscles seize up, your neck cringes, your entire body
hunches up. You're a giant haunch, ready to be released by the trigger.
05(070)
science today has become a machine of outrageous
representation
Paul Virilio
The Physics of Physicality
Hyperrhythm generates a new physics of physicality. Kinaesthetic
disorientations become audible in the astrophysical track titles of 4 Hero's
'94 concept double album Parallel Universe, in the sensory superparadoxes
of Escher's ' 54 lithograph Tetrahedral Planetoid. Space titles announce that
the physical laws of rhythm are about to be involuted, just as a wrinkle in
time collapses the fabric of space-time. The scientific title makes rhythmic
psychedelia audible. The science in Breakbeat science doesn't drain
sensation; instead it opens up a possibility space of hypersensation.
Rhythmically speaking, science sensualizes. Physics doesn't numb the
senses, it intensifies them. When the eye's capacity to explain the ear
breaks down, physics takes over. SCience takes. control as soon as the
visual collapses. The cognitive dissonance of science amplifies the
perceptual wrench of rhythmic psychedelia.
Quantum physics translates easily into Marvel comics and Warner
Bros cartoons because quarks, gluons and the Big Bang all point to the
malleable laws underpinning physical reality. It's not God's Word that
underpins the subatomic Universe, it's Plastic Man's.
Breakbeat science therefore opens a continuum between title and
track across which sensory concepts move freely. Rhythmachines d/ evolve
into Sonic Science. Science d/ evolves into Foucault's sensational
phantasmaphysics, the 'speculative fantasy of science' that Ballard called
for back in '62.
The impossible physical states of quantum chromodynamics easily
become Parliament's quarks and gluons. Radio astrophysics becomes
Drexciya 's aquawormholes . Physics is the gateway into a kinaesthesia in
which geometry is physical, topology sensual.
Breakbeat science is the physics of rhythm. It impacts at levels barely
explicable in the normal languages of sensation. Beats become abstract at
the point when the body succumbs to sensations which induce a gulf
crisis in speech, when language falls away and fails, happily.
05(071)
The Abstract
Time stretches into a state of sensory shipwreck that producer Roni Size
in ' 94 termed the 'Phizical' . Rather than disembodying the body, the
digital Breakbeat intensifies it, at a level more sensed than explicated.
This communication breakdown is what Breakbeat science calls abstract.
Abstract doesn't mean rarefied or detached but the opposite: the
body stuttering on the edge of a future sound, teetering on the brink of
new speech.
Breakbeat science's extreme rhythmic involution forCibly inducts you
into a new motor system, turns you into a stepper rollin ' with reinforced
reflexes. Listening sharpens up the senses until they bristle like spikes.
The body is being mutated limb by limb, as jungle producer Marvellous
Cain insists, by phizical convolutions that language hasn' t caught up with
yet. Language drags its flabby arse after sound. Therefore it is misspelt,
contorted, rinsed out. Language lags behind beats and must be mashed
up. Your motorsensory system communicates paralinguistically from a
future which today's media can't even begin to decrypt.
To say that today's producer is inarticulate and monosyllabic only
reveals how standard criticism is deaf to the sensory spectrum captured
in Sonic Fiction, PhonoFiction and machine mythologies. It is ordinary
language that's dumb and which must be adapted. The nervous system,
the first sensory field to be overhauled by digital rhythm, is now far in
advance of all Trad understanding. Breakbeat science compels you into
the state diagnosed by Norman Mailer in ' 57: 'We are obliged to meet the
tempo of the present and the future with reflexes and rhythms which
come from the past; the inefficient and often antiquated nervous circuits
of the past strangle our potentiality for responding to new possibilities .'
The Distributed Brain Is a Body
The sensory motor reflexes of the body are centuries ahead of minds
still locked into dead traditions . The body is a distributed brain, a big
brain whose zones are nonetheless separated from each other by
centuries, inherited habits.
4 Hero ' s Parallel Universe is all drumtrips and drumtricks , whose
purpose is to spring the sensorium into activity, to turn on the entire
body as a big brain. The body thinks in unknown kinds of bodily
intelligence because it ' s a large brain, because the brain is distributed
across the entire surface of the body. Rhythmic psychedelia therefore
activates new kinds of dermal thought, 3rd-Ear hearing, the transensory
05(072)
capacities of embodied thought. The ear's power to locate the shape of
sound in time, what audiovisual theorist Michel Chion calls its 'temporal
resolving powers', are sped up and involuted, baffling the body's sense
of location in time. In Solar Emissions detuned anamorphic warps and
quarks flare above your head, make your ears squint.
Rhythmic psychedelia triggers the eye in your ear, the feeling in the
ear, roborapper Craig Mack's 'flava in the ear': 'When kinetic sensations
organized into art are transmitted through a single sensory channel,
through this single channel they can convey all the other senses at once,
rhythmic, dynamic, tactile and kinetic sensations that make use of both
the auditory and visual channels.'
Breakin' in Space
Parallel Universe crosses texturhythmic thresholds. Collapsing pitch
ambushes you into a transformation scene on fastforward, draws you into
new sensory spectra, mixed feelings, polyparadoxical drum emotions not
yet named. Shadow Run is a sequence of grandfather c10ckchimes running
down with an offkey queasiness until what sounds like tape starts to
buckle and bump as if it ' s spooling out over the mixing desk and into
space. Keyboards bend and shift pitch into glutinous, melting infra-
gamelan. The bass buckles and wilts. Rhythmic signals are filtered
through synthesizers until they coil like cables and springs.
Percussion melts into spongy texturematter that spills its guts over
the track, escaping from the world of the track to probe around your
head, circling your heat. Titles such as Sunspots, Solar Emissions and
Wrinkles in Time suggest that breaking down standard speeds into
molecular plastic, into stuff you play with, is the aural equivalent of
going through the Star Gate in 2001. Computerization allows 4 Hero to
investigate microscopically the microtones of pitch in drums, bass and
synth. Mark Clair of 4 Hero recalls that 'We used to have weekends
where we' d just make sounds and process breaks.'
By using the sampler's quantum expansion of the ASDR envelope to
alter rather than repair the broken beat, rhythm crosses the threshold
from wood to metal to what producer Jay Magick terms ' needlepoint
magick'. Drumsticks writhe like poised rattlesnakes, beats become blades
that slash and scythe at '70 bpm, knitting needles that hit tinfoil so fast
that each impact triggers a spitting crackle of fuzz.
05(073)
The graffiti artist cracked the letter first.
Now I use a Mac to do the same thing
Goldie
Of Pictogrammatology
Graffiti turns the message into the medium. Instead of looking through
the letter, the eye is arrested by the letter, travels across its surface. In
transforming the letter into the pictogram, the word becomes an image-
environment . Looking becomes a movement into the dimensions of the
pictogram, a fall through the impossible topology of the 3rd dimension
that emerges from the 2nd-dimension wall.
Beyond wild style: Computer Style
Wildstyle intensifies graffiti 's 3D impossibility into the hyperimpossible
image-levels of 5D. Kaze 2: ' Wildstyle was the coordinate style and then
computer. That's what I brought out. Nobody else can get down with it
'cause it's too 5th-dimensional. I call it the 5th-dimensional step-parallel
staircase, 'cause it's like Computer Style in a step-formulated way. It's just
sectioned off the way I want. Like if I take a knife and cut it, and slice,
you know, I'll slice it to my own section and I'll call it Computer Style.'
Kaze 2'S 5D art translates Escher ' s ' 53 lithograph Relativity to the
letter. Beyond Wildstyle, the Computer Style is when the letter as
environment becomes the letter as an Escherized maze. Computer Style
is the alphabet gone digital, typography remodelled, remixed and
encrypted. The writer becomes DJ Hype's computerizer .
The Battle of Planes
In the notes for Relativity, Escher explains that ' three gravitational
forces operate perpendicularly'. In Wildstyle, civil war breaks out
between operating "gravitational forces"' so that ' background and
foreground take turns changing functions . A continuing competition
exists between the two.'
To look is to have your head wrecked. Computer Style involutes the
senses, puts them through a mental gymnasium, reassembles the
sensorium ready for the hi -pressure future it depicts. It folds the mind
into an origami state, a battle style. The senses are kinaesthetized into
an orig. >army, armed for a contest of lines. To look is to be rocketed
across the planes of the letter, shot along diagonals that charge space
with acute dynamics, gradients that reverse gravity like skyscrapers that
05(074)
drill to the earth' s core.
The letterform becomes a city of parallel lines of force . The word
becomes a futurescape hostile to traditional sensoria. Surfaces converge
to trap the optic nerve at a point of maximum impossibility. Stalked by
angles , hunted by diagonals , the harassed eye wanders until it's impaled
on the corner, pincered by a parallax plane. Vectors and horizontals join
forces to push the retina to the razor ' s edge.
computer Style Cuba sed
In ' 86, Goldie writes the aeroglyphic piece Future World Machine.
Pictogrammatically speaking, it is Computer Style, Cubased.
With ' 95'S Timeless, Computer Style migrates across different
physical scales, jumps from the wall to the screen. Timeless is therefore
a sonic canvas: ' Across the horizontal / A passage through the canvas, the
phases of my life.' As Escher pointed out, ' I can conceive of the series of
images on a plane division [Computer Style] and the sequence of sounds
of a musical composition [jungle] as different steps of just one staircase.'
Timeless translates the 5th dimension of Computer Style into the
hyperdimensions of the virtual Breakbeat. Goldie: 'The graffiti artist
cracked the letter first. Now I use a Mac to do the same thing. The loops ,
they've been sculpted, they' re in 40.' The 5th Dimension becomes the
Infinite Remix of Drum' n' Bass. Hence Terminator mutates into a
menagerie of monsters from the low end: 4 versions of Terminator 2, T3 ,
remixes of T3. Fragments of Timeless are twisted into Inner City Life,
jah, jah remixes, 4 more Inner City Life mixes.
Remixillogy Is the Art-Science of the Sequel
Remixology doesn' t replace a track so much as proliferate it into parallel
alterdimensions. Remixology is the science of the sequel and the art of
the drastic retrofit , the total remake, the remodel.
Remixology is digital- industri al. It starts out as digital process, as
animation of the Cubased brea k, and ends as industrial process, the dj's
demand for the dubplate, the next track, the future sound. The dubplate
- the metal acetate - is fictionalized as the Metalhead. The industri a l
process extrudes the Metalheadz face-logo. With its headphone
apparatus , eye and nose slits, it 's armoured for what 4 Hero termed
combat dancing.
Dillinja ' s jah the Seventh Seal is a magnified detail from the Timeless
canvas, a slowed-down bl ow-up of one hyperdimension. Breaks become
05(075)
chains as time turns to metal. Rhythm phaseshifts from needlepoint to
industrial in a war between machine Iifeforms on the metallic plateaux.
Two drumbreaks are processed until they rattle like chrome snaketails ,
panning in opposite ways around your head. When they meet they
swallow each other and reverse backwards. Simultaneously, machinic
groans and wrenching metallic sighs heave and drift across the
overlapping orbits of both breaks .
These arhythmic noises compel a kind of bodily seizure, an agonizing
muscular crisis, as if the motor coordination needed for walking, let
alone dancing, has just crashed from too much sensation. The seething
metal fatigue of jah the Seventh Seal induces outbreaks of literally
headwreckin' synapse-warping. Your head becomes this giant muscle,
this mindless, agonized organ that doesn' t know where to put itself.
The Engineer Is an Imagineer
As engineer Rob Playford elaborates, effects are the lead instruments.
Effects play the breaks : ' On Timeless, there are three sections of strings.
They' re all the same sounds but each section has a different set of
controls , like pitchbend or modulation or gating.'
Computer style visually anticipates the computerization of rhythm.
Jungle Escherizes the break into digital information, the 'different steps
of just one staircase' . Rob Playford: ' We'd go round a loop, filter, effect,
pitch things up or down, then put it back on OAT. Then we' d pick up that
sound later on and go through a different route with the effects and
filters so it would end up even farther away from what we'd started with.'
Breakbeat science rinses out language, demands new terms like
' snaking out a break or tubing a sound', technical operations which grasp
the passage of rhythm through space. Configuring new sounds opens a
possibility space inside the screen. Inside the Akai , a virtual topol ogy
unfolds itself. InSide the Breakbeat, the scientist battles with the
rhythmatical weapons of ' the zord, the bl ade, the twister , the sub stain.'
05[076]
with a sample you've taken time. It still has the same energy
but you can reverse it or prolong it. You can get totally
wrapped up in it. You feel like you have turned time around
A Guy called Gerald
The Jungle Is a Futurhythmachine
Rhythmic psychedelia emerges when sonic events are in synch while out
of phase, a process which leads to Gerald ' s conundrum: 'Does time work
in rhythm or does rhythm work in time?' Amazon < . African jungles are
acoustically disorientating. Height , depth and location reverse. Ryuichi
Sakamoto's Riot in Lagos and Gerald combine electric signals , pulses,
blips and kickdrums into a synthetic psychedelia, hummingbirds ' feathers
rustling in the canopies . Instead of reconnecting the human to nature,
polyrhythm deletes the human from the jungle, intensifying it into an
alien rhythmborder: ' You could create a sound that you couldn' t quite
recognize because it would be going backwards. I' d have something going
forwards for a beat and then reversing for the other beat. '
Ghosting out the Break
On Black Secret Technology, Finley 's Rainbow, The Glok Track, Nazinji
Zaka, breaks rustle, shed their sandpaper skins . By sampling a break,
effecting it and subtracting the sample, Gerald generates the ghost
break: the derealized wraithrhythm writhes throughout the digital
foliage . The beat is a posthuman bush of ghosts.
The Sleevenote Manifesto to Black Secret Technology grasps the
implications of computerizing the break: 'We have advanced to a level
where we can control time sonically by stretching a sound . .. we play
with time .' Rhythm is plastic: 'Say someone has created a drumbeat .
They've done that in a space and time. If you take the end and put that
at the start , or take what they' ve done in the middle, you ' re playing with
time. With a sample you ' ve taken time. It still has the same energy but
you can reverse it or prolong it. You can get totally wrapped up in it.
You feel like you have turned time around.'
Each track teems with inhumanly detailed percussion, which demands
posthuman motor reflexes . Counter and crossrhythms tug the body into
zigzags, dappling the ear with microdiscrepancies between beats . Nazinji
Zaka turns the ear into a directional mike that's constantly pulling focus.
As beats ensnare you in the parallel complexity of the amplified jungle,
your skin starts to feel what your ea rs can't. At these convergences,
05[077]
beats phase shift, cross a threshold and become tactile sensations that
sussurate the body. Fleeting sensations of feeling skim across the skin,
seizing the synapses. Senses swap so that your skin hears and your ears
feel. Dermal ears. Your skin turns into one giant all-over ear. Ear
tactility. Your ears start to taste sound. Now you've got flava in your ear.
Like Sakamoto's Riot in Lagos, Gerald' s Nazinji Zaka is a futurhythmic
psychedelia which seizes the skin in itchyscratchy sensations that gather
around the joints, from there dispersing across the dermal surfaces. Your
muscles tense and contract as they pull in and out of perceptual
motorfocus . Futurhythmachines complexify the beat into what Kelly
terms an 'alien power' . When polyrhythm phaseshifts into hyperrhythm,
it becomes unaccountable, compounded, confounding. It scrambles the
sensorium, adapts the human into a 'distributed being' strung out across
the webbed spidernets and computational jungles of the digital diaspora .
06[078]
PROGRRMMING
RHYTHMRTIC
FREQUENCIES
Migration Paths across the vocoder Spectrum:
Cybotron, lapp, Drexciya
It is the rationalizing and ordering imposed by
technology that makes us forget that machines have
their origins in the irrational
Georges Canguilhem
[R]earview Hearing
There are no drum-machines, only rhythm synthesizers programming
new intensities from white noise, frequencies , waveforms , altering
sampl ed drum sounds into unrecognizable pitches . The drum-machine
has never sounded like drums because it isn 't percussion: it's electronic
cur rent , syntheti c percussion, syncussion. The sampler is at first termed
an ' emulator ', as if it does nothing but imitate existing sounds . Calling
the rhythm synthesizer a drum-machine is yet one more example of
[rlearvi ew hearing. Every time decelerated media writes about snares,
hihats , kickdrums , it faithfully hears backwards. Electro ignores this vain
06[079]
hope of emulating drums , and instead programs rhythms from electricity,
rhythmatic intensities which are unrecognizable as drums . There are no
snares - just waveforms being altered. There are no bass drums - just
attack velocities.
Posthuman Rhythmatics
With Man Parrish, Cybotron, Haashim, Soul Sonic Force and Jonzun Crew,
the Roland 808 rhythm composer opens a new threshold, the
programming of posthuman rhythmatics as predicted in '36 by composer
Edgard Varese: ' I need an entirely new medium of expression: a sound-
producing machine. And here are the advantages I anticipate from such a
machine: crossrhythms unrelated to each other , treated simultaneously;
the machine would be able to beat any number of desired notes, any
subdivision of them, omission or fraction of them, all these in a given
unit of measure or time which is humanly impossible to attain.'
This 'humanly impossible' time, this automatization of rhythm which is
rhythmatics, opens up the posthuman multiplication of rhythm: the rhythm
synthesizer's spastic pulses seize the body, rewiring the sensorium in a
kinaesthetic of shockcuts and stutters, a voluptuous epilepsy.
Man plus
With Mantronix, this massive augmentation of rhythm capability
becomes an Electronic Energy, a super sonotronic power. Man + Electron
+ [ics =l ix = Mantronix, the Rhythmachine cyborg. The ' cs' in ' tronics' is
compressed to ' x' , so that it transmits the PhonoCurrent of the
Mandroid. Electro is electricity fictionalized into full-force fantasies of
frequencies , rhythms programmed to capture and compel , trap and
trigger wetware motion.
Futurhythmachines turn the extended capability of machines into
supersensory powers. Electro is this crossfire of ' unrelated
crossrhythms ', rhythms treated simultaneously into paradoxical sound -
angular accents, zapp-kicks , palmless claps, rigid bounces. In Ryuichi
Sakamoto's Riot in Lagos, unrelated cross rhythms refract into a maze of
mirrors refracting cicada creaks and cricket croaks . Electronic rhythms
run in phase but out of synch, repeatedly overlap split seconds apart ,
creating a stratum of seething, prehensile tension. Signals interlock in a
web of pulsations, a rhythm forest shower of screams and rustletime.
The beat becomes a staccato pulsation, the twitchshrug-stopmotion-
poplock-wavecut Motion Capture of electric boogaloo. Electro is the
06(080)
spastic electricity of bodies going pop, breakflowing in time to Art of
Noise. ' 84'S Close [to the Edit] is rigidity gone loco, clockwork breaking
down into a contraption of backfiring car , exhaust fumes and piston hiss .
Offworld Electro
The Electro intro draws you offworld, into the universe of the track. It
delivers a robotik elektricity, speech frequencies filtered into phonic
diktat . In Offworld Electro, the vocoder is all id, giddiness, extremes of
nonhuman highllow pitch. At the high end, the Electro voice is a
malicious gremlin. At the low end, it ' s the Voice of Doom issuing the
death command.
Set the Sonotron to Stun
On Jonzun Crew's Space is the Place, the Arkestral chant becomes a
warning blast rigid with Vadervoltage. Instead of using synthesiser tones
to emulate string quartets, Electro deploys them inorganically,
unmusically. The synthesizer becomes a sound weapon, becomes what
composer lannis Xenakis calls the Sonotron, ' an accelerator of sonorous
particles, a disintegrator of sonorous matter ', the sonic weapon which
zapps! you. The zapp! constricts space by tensing your nerves, gripping
with the baleful hostility of an offworld tazer . Electro triggers Vader's
Empire to stun. Man Parrish' s 0.55 min track In the Beginning is a
tyrannical microverse of malevolent avatars with vocoder ids , snickering
and babbling manically: ' Imagine somewhere in this universe an alien.
He was not made of stone. He was not made of sand. He was ... check it
out , humans, manmade.'
Across the vocoder Spectrum
The vocoder turns the voice into a synthesizer. Electro crosses the
threshold of synthetic vocalization, breaks out into the new spectrum of
vocal synthesis . It synthesizes the voice into Voltage, into an
electrophonic charge that gets directly on your nerves .
Turning the voice into a synthetic spectrum of perverse voco-imps
lets you talk with cartoons , become cartoon, become animal , become
supercomputer. Just as machine vision runs from infrared to ultraviolet ,
so the vocoder spectrum runs from hyperbabble to ultraslow. Initially
developed as German military technology for camouflaging transmissions ,
the vocoder cuts out vocal frequencies , petrifying the voice into a robotik
current, an antagonistically nonhuman Voice of Doom.
06(081)
Daleks, Stephen W. Hawking, Sam Sam, Sleezy D, Lil Louis: all
compress frequencies and pitchshift voices into the VaderVoder Effect .
Darth Vader ' s rumble is processed through several systems before
emitting from his metal grille. Reducing frequencies to the robotic only
intensifies the emotional charge of Vader ' s credo, that there is ' power in
the Darkside'. The VaderVoder drains the voice of affect to increase its
effect. Dark energy corrodes the larynx, dredging up the tenebral
timbres of Haashim's '86 Primrose Path, the Darkside of Electro.
Clear Your Mind/Erase Your Head
' Clear are these Days. Clear Today. Clear. Your. Mind.' In '85'S Clear,
from Cybotron 's debut album Enter, a sped-up cartoon-id voice, giddy
and giggly, duets with a slowed-down Voice of Doom, instructing Electro
kids to erase their heads.
Electro Resequences Your Nerves
Electro resynthesizes The Song by the rhythm of the arcadegame, where
the central processing chip replaces beats with signals-pulsations-zapps
that brutally override your old neuromuscular system, demanding an
irregular regularity. Space Invaders and Pac Jam are barely rhythms at
all, more a barbaric frequency that directly interfaces with the junctions
between nerve and muscle, altering the nature of attention into an
unhealthily spasmodic concentration.
Not so much maladroit as malandroid, Electro resequences your
nerves. As choreographer Merce Cunningham points out, ' Electronic
music affects your nerves not your muscles. It 's difficult to count
electricity.' Electro like Techno affects nerves and muscles. The rhythmic
dissonance of ' counting electricity' resets the shapes of sensation,
demands a new dynamotion. Electro Era LA Lockers dancer Shrimp
explains this vision of rhythm as 'Soogalooin', rollin ' of the body. It 's
makin ' your body do weird things. Like fluid.'
Clear' s anempathetic syncussion is white noise filtered into
impalpable claps, sibilance sharpened into a match firing sandpaper.
Stridulatory tones alter attack and launch across space in an aural
flightpath that parallels Roy Lichtenstein's Whaaam! jet-trail.
06[0821
Silver Cycles of the Polyrhythmachine
Groove is when overl apping patterns of rhythm interlock, when beats
syncromesh until they generate an automotion effect, an inexorable,
effortless sensation which pushes you along from behind until you're
funky like a train. To get into the Groove is to lock into the
polyrhythmotor, to be adapted by a fictionalized rhythm engine which
draws you on its own momentum.
The JBs' lIt's not the Express] It's the JBs ' Monaurail fictionalizes this
feeling of syncromesh, when spaces either side of expectation lure you
into airpockets of time.
On the 75 album Hustle With Speed, Fred Marcellino' s sleeve shows
the Monaurail, a Single-track interstellar railway snaking round satellites
with a silver bullet train running smoothly along its funicular orbit. The
Monaurail is the Rhythmotor visualized as the single track along which
the train travels. Groove = PolyRhythmengine = Rhythmotor, not
personified but machinified as train and track together, in
stratusphunk <> funkular automotion. For Kraftwerk, 'Trains themselves
are musical instruments . We would travel through landscapes at night.'
Soul Sonic Force' s Planet Rock reroutes the serene dynamotion of the
Trans Europe Express through America , the metronomic Rhythmengine
pulling itself ahead, synths tuned into Doppler effects whipping past you
on a Berlin platform.
Autobahn's motorway motorik tunes 'our synthesizers to sound like
motor horns . You can listen to Autobahn and then go and drive on the
motorway. Then you will discover that your car is a musical instrument . '
Kraftwerk's final bachelormachines are the biomechanical boy-racers
of the Tour de France {Francois Kervorkian Remix]. With beats made
from pistons and gears , rhythms fashioned from sharp intakes of breath,
helpless, plosive exhalations and astral harpsichord/ harp scintillation,
Tour de France could be set in an all-night gym. This is Kraftwerk at
their most homoerotically physical. Like DAF, it close-mikes male
exertion until it becomes a new rhythmotor exhaust fume. In Tour de
France, the celibate cyborg' s being ridden by its bike, its sheathed body
fucked from behind by handlebars curved like ramhorns.
06[0831
Liquid Dystopia
Drexciya drains the claps , cowbells and tomtoms, siphons off the salsa
from Electro. With the vocoder id deleted, 90S Electro becomes even
more enthralling, even more inhibiting. Such tracks as ' 93 ' S Danger Bay
and Positron Island are monsters from the low end which submerge you
in liqUid dystopia . Acrid frequencies clench the nerves like tazers ,
oscillations wince across the body in wave motion, abraSive tones
remove cotton wool from your ears and vigorously scour inside the
brainpan. Jagged snare velocities pinch the nerves until you ' re locked
uptight . Sea Snake 's scorching deathray sweeps the seacraters with its
acoustic searchlight of astringent 303.
Each Drexciya EP - from '92'S Deep Sea Dweller, through Bubble
Metropolis, Molecular Enhancement, Aquatic Invasion, The Unknown
Aquazone, The Journey Home and Return of Drexciya to ' 97's Uncharted
- militarizes Parliament ' s 70S and Hendrix' s 60S Atlantean aquatopias .
Their underwater paradise is hydroterritorialized into a geopolitical
subcontinent mapped through cartographic track titles : Positron Island,
Danger Bay, The Red Hills of Lardossa, The Basalt Zone 4. 977Z, The
Invisible City, Dead Man 's Reef, Vampire Island, Neon Falls, Bubble
Metropolis. The Bermuda Triangle becomes a basstation from which
wavejumper commandos and the ' dreaded Drexciya stingray and
barracuda battalions ' launch their Aquatic Invasion against the
AudioVisual Programmers.
Marine Mutation across the Black Atlantic
Every Drexciya EP navigates the depths of the Black AtlantiC, the
submerged worlds populated by Drexciyans, Lardossans , Darthouven Fish
Men and Mutant Gillmen. In the Sleevenotes to The Quest, their '97
concept double CD, the Drexciyans are revealed to be a marine species
descended from 'pregnant America-bound African slaves ' thrown
overboard ' by the thousands during labour for being sick and disruptive
cargo. Could it be possible for humans to breathe underwater? A foetus
in its mother's womb is certainly alive in an aquatic environment. Is it
possible that they could have given birth at sea to babies that never
needed air? Recent experiments have shown mice able to breathe liquid
oxygen, a premature human infant saved from certain death by breathing
liquid oxygen through its underdeveloped lungs. These facts combined
with reported sightings of Gillmen and Swamp Monsters in the coastal
swamps of the Southeastern United St ates make the sl ave trade theory
06[084]
startlingly feasible.'
Drexciyans are 'water breathing, aquatically mutated descendants,'
webbed mutants of the Black Atlantic , amphibians adapted for the
ocean's abyssal plains, a phylum disconnected from the aliens who
adapted to land. As Mark Sinker argued in ' 92, 'The ships landed long
ago: they already laid waste whole societies, abducted and genetically
altered whole swathes of citizenry. Africa and America - and so by
extension Europe and Asia - are already in their various ways Alien
Nation.' Drexciya use electronics to replay the alien abduction of slavery
with a fictional outcome: ' Did they migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to
the Mississippi River Basin and to the Great Lakes of Michigan? Do they
walk among us? Are they more advanced than us?'
Sinker 's breakthrough is to bring alien abduction back to earth, to
transfer the trauma from out there to yesternow. The border between
social reality and science fiction, social fiction and science reality is an
optical illusion, as Donna Haraway has pointed out . They have been here
all along and they are you. You are the alien you are looking for.
Fictionalizing Frequencies
Drexciya fictionalize frequencies into sound pictures of unreal
environments - what Kraftwerk termed tone films - not filled with cars,
bikes or trains but rather UAOs , soundcrafts . In ' 93 ' S Bubble Metropolis,
Lardossan Cruiser 8-203 X prepares to dock. The tones of a hydrothermal
turbine engine shift gears. They fictionalize the psychoacoustic volume of
a giant submersible: 'This is Drexcyian Cruise Control Bubble I to
Lardossan Cruiser 8 dash 203 X. Please decrease your speed to I point 788
point 4 kilobahn. Unknown turbine engine slows down. Thank you.
Lardossan Cruiser 8 dash 203 X please use extra caution as you pass the
aqua construction site on the side of the aquabahn. I repeat: Proceed
with Caution. Lardossan Cruiser 8 dash 203 X you are now cleared for
docking. Have a nice stay here on Drexciya. I' m Drexciyan Cruiser Control
X 205. If you have any problems let me know. Bubble Control Out .'
In a War without Weapons
The Black Atlantean depths are as lethal as the Red Planet or The Rings
of Saturn. With the Molecular Enhancement EP, the ocean floor becomes
the 5th front in The Forever War. Drexciyan technology solidifies the
ocean into hydrocubes. These blocs of solid water are part of the
electrofictional arsenal of Antivapor Waves , Aquatic Bata Particles and
06[085]
Intensified Magnetrons.
The magnetron is the heart of the radiowave transmitter , used to
power airborne microwave radar sets during WW2. As Arthur C. Clarke
explains, 'When the first experimental magnetron was carried to
America, the face of war changed over a weekend. Japanese scientists
had made and tested an identical device a year before the British. If they
had followed up their invention we would now be living in a very
different world.'
Technology generates the process Sun Ra terms an AlterDestiny, a
bifurcation in time. The magnetron migrates across the mediascape,
changing scale from Marvel Comics 60S supervillain Magneto, leader of
the Evil Mutants, to Drexciya's Intensified Magnetron, to Killah Priest 's
' magnetron which puts your arteries back apart ' .
Video games are the first step in a plan for machines
to help the human race, the only plan that offers a
future for intelligence
Chris /!Iarker
You're in the Military Entertainment Complex
Electro is an E-Z learn induction into the militarization of pop life, the
sensualizing of militarization, the enhanced sensorium of locking into
the Futurhythmachine. From the Net to arcade simulation games, civil
society is all just one giant research-and-development wing of the
military. The military industrial complex has advanced decades ahead of
civil society, becoming a lethal military-entertainment complex. The MEC
preprograms predatory virtual futures.
Far from being the generative source for popculture, as Trad media still
quaintly insists, the street is now merely the playground in which low-end
developments of military technology are unleashed, to mutate themselves.
06(086)
Rhythmatic Bachelor Machines: Kraftwerk
Tap the Powerspot: It's a Rave New World
As with Underground Resistance, Kraftwerk installed themselves inside the
military complex, the nexus of posthumanization which used to be called
dehumanization. They tapped the powerspots of industrialization through
'the factories that plug into the network' which 'were making the
synthesisers' fluctuate in a factory <> synth <> human circuit. The Kling Klang
studio is a delivery room for machine lifeforms. By naming themselves
' powerplant' Kraftwerk turn onto the industrial process , switching on the
assembly line instead of resisting it in the name of the human. For '75'S
Radioactivity they visited a nuclear powerplant, plugging themselves into
atomic energy, irradiating themselves with nuclear power.
Sorrow Songs for the Souls of Servomechanisms
Norbert Wiener's The Human Use of Human Beings is W. E. B. DuBois ' The
Souls of Black Folk updated for the Analog Age. In Kraftwerk, the speak-
and-spell voices are more childlike than lullabies, fossils from the
future ' s past .
Voice-activated systems separate intention from result . While the
human sensorium goes from speech to touch, the machinic sensory
apparatus starts with touch - buttons and knobs , faders and sliders -
before moving to speech processing. The childhood of machines begins
with speak-and-spell toys, arcadegames, Learn-to-speak-French records,
soft-drink dispensers, ansa fones, train doors and cashpoints. Kraftwerk
sing the Soul of Service Machines , die Seele der Servomekanismus.
Machines take over repetitive jobs. Kraftwerk's politeness and sly
civility is poignant because ' automatic machines are the precise
economic equivalent of slave labour. '
The Sex Organs of the synthesizer
Standardization, mechanization, automation, enervation, inhibition,
radiation! Trad rock's drive comes from repelling such vampiric
processes of capital. But giving in to the machines, this is what ' s so
compelling here, how Kraftwerk went into the bionic heart of the
machine, what came out the other side.
Instead of denying the automatic, Kraftwerk exaggerate it . They
operate synthesizers, but really technology is synthesizing them. They
don't resist the synthetic, they give in to it , enslave themselves, allow
06(087)
technology to reprogram them, to resequence them, to extrude them as
the Servomechanisms of the Synth. Showroom dummies ,
menschmaschines, robots and models: these are the new generations of
sex organs the synthesizers need in order to reproduce themselves : the
bachelormachines without their mechanical brides. Neutered and
bloodless, they move along planes of sheer chromoluminance.
By totally succumbing to technology, Kraftwerk let the machines
delibidinize them, drain all the physicality out of them. Warhol cloned
himself into Warholaroids for interviews; Gilbert and George remodelled
themselves as auto-mannequins. In the Kraftwerk ecology celibate
machines perform auto-reproduction rituals.
Zapped!
In Electro, this fleshless rigidity converges with the spineless electroid
of Zapp. With Roger Troutman's Zapp, electroniCS + android = the
electroid zapped! by a blast from an unknown Sonotron. Dancing to Zapp
is being hit by electric current that convulses you into spasm. Shrimp the
dancer explains that ' More Bounce to the Ounce helped give birth to
[bodyJpoppin'. That's the only style of dance you can see that goes with
that kind of music. '
Instead of breaking The Song down to a James Brown bridge, More
Bounce redesigned funk' s architecture, stretching The Song into
hypnomonotony, a rubber mantra that squeezed your senses out of
shape while seizing them with its sheet-metal clap.
This emphasis on counting electricity means that the Zapp track gets
directly on your nerves and muscles. In crossing the threshold elUCidated
by Merce Cunningham, Troutman's albums induce an unnerving boneless
sensation. Your spine's being filleted and it feels just great.
Control Your Convulsions
Zapp alters the reflexes , adapting the human into the electroid, the
electroniC andrOid who turn electric shock into controlled convulSion,
an E-Z roller of Stopmotion Capture.
Electric boogaloo is when the body receives the Zapp and transmits it
as a dynamic force . The nerves count the current , convulSions become
clocks, the spastic toctics of elaborated personal time systems . The
Electro dancer goes into ' a square rollout where he ticks his whole body
and goes into the splits. '
The double move of cutwave <. breakflow sends a current through the
06[088]
joints in a synthetic seizure that's every which way but loose.
Zapp turns the human into a symbiounit . ' When you pop,' Shrimp
elucidates , your bodymap alters and ' you become this thing. You go to
another planet. I got into this thing where I wanted to be an alien. '
Liquefy the Menschmaschine
Zapp' s ' 86 Computer Love opens with a bewitching choir - identified by
Simon Reynolds as android doowop - announcing ' ComputerIlIZE', like a
genie granting a robot ' s wish. Kraftwerk' s vocoder chorale is winsome
while Zapp' s vocoder chorale is liquefied. Zapp is the menschmaschine
gone gooey. 'We are beginning to see,' chaos-theorist Manuel De Landa
argues, 'that the really advanced high technology is liquidy and drippy
and self organizing and not at all rigid.' In More Bounce to the Ounce,
the synthetic bass doesn't drop; instead it bounces off the bottom.
Where the Bootsy Collins bass is a rhythmelodic ectoplasm, glutinous
and rubbery, the Zapp bass is Spandex stretchy.
phonoGlutamate
Larry Graham sent the bass through fuzz until it yawned and slurred like
a baby mammoth. With Zapp, Roger Troutman's voice is all vowel , an
eesysquezy squidge of phonoglutamate, voco-concentrate. The
synthesizer passes through his vocal tract . On I Play the Talkbox, the
Roger voice is tubular treble squeezed from a talkbox.
For Parliament, the soundeffect immediately implies an audio
Iifeform, a universe in which a processed sound takes on an animatronic
nonhuman profile. With Zapp, you're inside the impact , bathed in the
full effect of the S Ray gun, in what Techno producer Kevin Saunderson
later terms Essr'ays.
06[089]
Machine Tones for Psychic Therapy: The Jungle Brothers
For a very long time everybody refuses and then
almost without a pause almost everybody accepts
Gertrude stein
Mutiny on the Mothership
You reserve your nausea for the timeless classic, for the anthems that
sum up an epoch. But The jungle Brothers, George Russell, Tricky: these
are producers who don ' t synchronize you into those docile ranks -and-
files known as generations . In fact they shatter you into sensory
particles, travelling at the speed of thought, break consensual history
into dust. Instead of rising above their time, the jungle Brothers - Afrika
Baby Bam bass and vocals , dj Sammy B, Mike G guitar and vocals, Torture
drums and vocals - runs HipHop through a particle accelerator , charging
reality with the synthetic sensation you crave at all costs .
Their 3rd album, ' 93 ' S J Beez Wit the Remedy, is to the 90S what The
Velvet Underground's White Light/ White Heat was to the 60S: the
decade' s great lost album, a colossal epic salvaged from the wreckage of
the unreleased Crazy Wisdom, acknowledged by a few, reviled by Trad
HipHop fanatics on both sides of the Atlantic.
Derail the Rhythmotor
In an era of headnoddin' 120bpm grooves , Remedy returns to the rigid
rhythmatics of rhythmsynthesis . The security of the Trad jazzbreak is
smashed, left behind for the drastically unmusical pulsations and bleeps,
that flagrantly mekanikal rhythmanipulation that HipHop thought it
banished back in the 80S. Manmade Material abandons the lope of 70S
Breakbeats altogether, pushing robotic irregularity into machine
psychedelia. 'It wasn' t looping one bar, 4 beats, but looping 6 beats,' the
jungle Brothers declared. ' Arhythmic, asymmetrical , alinear. So what
we ' ve been doing consistently is intentionally derailing your brain.' The
loop funct ion entrains the body, programming the head until it nods like
a dog. HipHop habituates the mind until it runs along the same grooves
but the arhythmic loop undermines the stepper, derails the rhyt hmotor,
with its unresolved dissonance, not arrangements but derangements ,
wrong-footed, dysfunktional.
06(090)
concrete
The Jungle Brothers draw on HipHop's rediscovery of vinyl concrete: the
snap, crackle and pop of worn vinyl and ansafone hum. Here, concrete
bursts the banks of sample memory, suffusing everything, reorganizing
all of texturhythmelody. Groove in Blahbludify is saturated in static until
it collapses into satisfyingly electroacoustic debris. Beats are replaced
by bumps, glitches, gusts, the distressed laser failing to read the cd's
information. You feel ' the wind of the wings of madness', like the
moment when Christopher Walken quotes Baudelaire to Lili Taylor in
Abel Ferrara ' s The Addiction. All the low end succumbs to scratches,
vinyl gouged by an obelisk of a needle.
The sound splits across speakers, repeated rounds of drum-
machinegun in the right , shuddering detritus from the left. Arcadegame
soundeffects strafe your body in a vicious crossfire.
Sonic rubble falls from the speaker behind your back, seizing your
muscles as they plunge through your waist on their journey to the head.
Headless
HipHop played by a band always means nice ' n' easy funk. But the 'Now'
of live HipHop strands you in a predigital present , leaves you trapped in
someone else's '72. Preprogrammed loops can iterate into infinity and
you'll never get bored - but the merest hint of real-time spontaneity
mortally drains you. Here live isn't rootsical, it's arhythmic, the
Rhythmengine of a sampladelic messthetic that fluctuates the funk by
freaking with the freek freek.
Where post-Dr Dre Gangsta rap promotes a lolling indolent delivery,
HipHop poetics from Arrested Development to the Roots, Freestyle
Fellowship to the Fugees , opts for a verbose verbal acrobatics. For them,
HipHop' s future lies in a gymnastics of syntax, internal rhymes that
reconnect to an oral umbilical chord stretching from 14th C Gambian
griots to the Last Poets to now. But these good green roots which
nurture healthy HipHop are strangling it.
It's not the inhuman you dread in music so much as the opposite, the
overhuman, the all-too human of HipHop-inspired poetics. There' s so
much intention in these musics that the machines can' t hardly breathe.
The J Beez aren' t the remedy to Gangsta so much as the antibiotic to
Gangsta's remedies. Neither ill nor healthy, the J Beez are the 3rd
Stream: dynamical , on the edge of order and chaos . Remedy doesn ' t
propose a new content so much as obliterate the MC altogether :
07(091)
obscured by screeds of static, the voice drowns in a storm of distortion
that rips syntax to shreds. The MC becomes a host of microphone fiends ,
sped up and reversed, swarming from speaker to speaker. Irradiated into
audioflux, the J Beez voice is all oscillation and no backbone,
perpetually fluctuating between cartoon, plasma, gremlin and ghost.
Remedy therefore isn't headmusic so much as headless music. In
decapitating the MC and opting for an acephalic overload, delivery
becomes mystifying, occluded. In Manmade Material , verse, chorus,
bridge are aCCidents , momentary coincidences generated by static.
Fragments of warnings surface briefly from the information ocean; the
listener clings like drowners .
Immerse Yourself in the Destructiv Element
' You must learn your path, your way to swim through this record. That is
the remedy,' insist the Jungle Brothers to a baffled world. The HipHop
head is right to be hostile. Remedy' s incoherence announces a post-
HipHop world. ' No ... We must .. . master the maker,' a dangerously
unstable voice insists in Manmade Material. The Jungle Brothers' lead
instruments are feedback, fuzz and static, perpetual interference.
Remedy is heavy, megalithic: its density crushes the gravity of The
Song. In Spittin' Wicked Randomness and the overwhelming For the
Headz at Company Z, wah-wah effects yowl into a perpetual wall of fuzz .
Sustained' chords of glagolitic organ charge the track with grandiosity.
Organdrones are ambushed by a pileup of atonal arpeggios. Blocs of low-
end solar sound hit a sustained pitch, triggering sensations of ascension.
Sampladelic crowd noise melds into spume clouds, spindrift as fuzz,
crackle and static persist while a playerpiano cycles through its cards.
Satisfyingly portentous organ chords build up imminent expectation over
groans pitched down till they sound like Jim Morrison being slowly
drowned. Drunken soldiers salute 'the headz at company Z' .
Remedy oscillates between extremes of troopers' exhaustion and
intensely infantile glee as HipHop form breaks down over and over in a
daze of confUSion. Throughout, there' s an overwhelming sense of wreckage.
HipHop has been blasted to bits in an unspecified disaster. From the ruins ,
disastrous events are transmitting from a damaged receiver. Distressed
pilots holler through gasmasks into a patched-up intercom.
Destruction brings joy; in these reports from HipHop's end, the babble
and flux frolic like teenagers dancing on the rubble of the Ministry of
Sound. The JBs are juiced by catastrophe. Distorted information emerges
06[092]
yammering from the scree and whine of Spittin' Wicked Randomness,
immediately interrupted by squalls of static and mayday signal synths.
' Brainstorms! Brainstorms! Mass explosion in the brainnn.'
The paradox I am,
Extending my hand into the mental to unlock doorways
Organized Konfusion
computer Music in the Year Zero
Trad HipHop is a belief system sure of its past, certain of its present,
confident in its future. Load the Remedy cd into the tray and this
conviction collapses and convolutes, beaching you on the reefs of the
present. Afrika Baby Bam confounds confusion by multiplying himself into
new heteronyms Af Next Man Flip and Lord Paradox: 'I'm gone ... I 'm really
gone, I've really let myself go. I even changed my name to Af Next Man
Flip, meaning that I was one of the next men to flip out into the universe.'
Remedy takes HipHop forward to its electronic routes, its rock
routes, its machine routes. It is Computer Music in the Year Zero.
The antidote for pervasive depression, for a HipHop gone illmatic, as
rapper Nas terms it , is an immersion in Universal Sound and MythScience.
Af Next Man Flip identifies with 'scientific people. I like reading books
about John Coltrane, when he's sitting there studying music theory and
he's listening to music from all over the world and trying to reach this
higher order. I like the universe. ' HipHop's diktats - to come correct, to
keep it real and not get it twisted - all haemorrhage in the Unreality
Principle of J Beez Wit the Remedy, its premonitions, its clairaudience.
07[093]
SYNTHETIC
FICTION/ELECTRONIC
THOUGHT
Abduction by Acid [Curfew]: Phuture, Bam Bam, Sleezy D
The world of the twentieth-century dance floor is a
discontinuum - a Discotheque a Go-Go, in which a
dancer makes his or her own space which does not fit
into anybody else's space. It's like a physicist trying to
encounter electronic particles with Newtonian concepts
IIIarshall IIIcluhan
The Toxic Drives of the Drug<>Tech Interface
At the height of Acid's inner flight comes Sleezy D's '86 I've Lost Control,
Phuture's '87 Your Only Friend, Bam Bam's '88 Where 's Your Child, scary
tracks that optimize your fear , >f1ight threshold. At the peak of the Rave
Dream, 4 Hero's '91 Mr Kirk 's Nightmare feeds parental drugpanic back
on the dancefloor. Your drug experience is intensified by a mix of anti-
drug tracks. You come up on tracks which bring you down.
Sonically speaking the drug, >tech interface is toxic straight away, not
later when the badmen move in. Everything goes wrong right away and
this only amplifies the rush. Take the E and Take the Risk. Taking drugs is
07(094)
a rite of possible death, a ritual that affirms life. Facing this possible
death makes life rush even faster . Every E taker is already dead, has
crossed to the other side of the poison in which toxicity intensifies life.
Ph Is the Silver of Syntax
OJ Pierre's heteronym Phuture substitutes the 'f' in future for the ' pH' of
the chemical formula and the ph of phono. Ph makes the phuture sound
synthetic and phono-chemical. Ph is to sound as silver is to vision. Ph is
the silver prefix, the word concentrate. The future becomes a phuturistic
Pharmatopia. With Phuture, the sound of the future separates from the
look of the phuture. Vision and sound, heteronym and homonym, split
off, run away from each other.
For the white Horse of Heroin will ride you to Hell
James Brown
In Thrall
Phuture ' s enthralling Your Only Friend is Acid's sequel to james Brown's
' 72 King HerOin, the electronic update of Roland Kirk's '69 Volunteer
Slavery. After the pusher sells you to the Drug, the Drug sets you to
work as a mule, sends you out into the world programmed like a medium
at a seance. The drug becomes the clock which keeps time in its universe
of unending servitude. In a Voice pitched down into the Vaderized groan
of a Designated Despot: 'This is Cocaine speaking, I can make you do
anything for me. '
Acid's 303 delivers you up to the Kingdom of Cockayne, accelerated
into a powder paradise of endless cocaine. To dance is to be drawn
helplessly into what the track warns against. Acid ' s sternest injunctions
- 'You have been warned, I' ll take your life' - incites more dancing, not
as release but as voluntary slavery, dancing your way into a new
constriction. You ' re will ingly abducted by Acid into the Despotic regime
that never sounded so good before.
Enthralled by frequencies , you ' re modulated by sensations of
aggressive evasiveness and attacking elusiveness . You shed your life as
easily as a snake shucks its skin. Slip from the morals inculcated into
your muscles. The Voice of Doom decrees its death command: 'Take a shot
from mell ' lI make you fly/ Take too much from mell ' lI make you die.'
Instead of emulating rock' s bass , forever stratified at the low end,
07(095)
Acid exaggerates the Roland T303 ' S dry slipperiness , its glissements, by
transforming the sound of the note, the colour of its tone as it plays.
Filtering bends < >selects < >suppresses timbres, producing the aural
equivalent of a tracer effect, a wavering sense of panic as the ear fails
to resolve this slippage of overtones.
Acid is an accident in which the TB303 bass synthesizer uses Phuture
to reproduce itself, to mUltiply the dimensions of electronic sound, to
open up a nomadology of texturhythms, rhythmelodies. Phuture, Bam
Bam et allove this synthetic, unnatural noise. Acid trax amplifies this
sense of terrifying newness.
Nothing you know about the history of music is any help whatsoever.
What is this noise and where's it coming from? Who are these people
and why are they smiling at me? Brutally inexpressive woodblocks
hammer out an inhuman irregularity, relieved by the stabs of bassic
synth. The heart's beat is captured and cloned by the time synthesized
into impacts. You become an extension of the machine which generates
time. Slip through the spaces between the sequences .
silicon-based Psychosis
Phase I : Hal 9000' S redlight psychosis in 2001: A Space Odyssey. When
Hal starts playing back Daisy, Daisy, computer-malfunction turns into
machinic breakdown. Daisy, Daisy - vox congealing as it runs down -
introduces the new sound of analog psychopathology.
The Womandroid from the Amazone
Phase 2: The womanmachine Grace jones' ' 82 remodel of joy Division' s
'79 She 's Lost Control updates the 50S mechanical bride. For the latter
losing control meant electric epilepsy, voice drained dry by feedback.
For jones, the female model that's losing control induces the sense of
automation running down, the human seizing up into a machine rictus .
The model - as girl, as car, as synthesizer - incarnates the assembly line
time of generations, obsolescence, 3-year lifespans .
The model is the blueprint for the post-Cold War cyborg, the
womanmachine modified and mutated by the military <> medical <>
entertainment complex. Hence Kraftwerk's The Model, where the
bachelormachines are threatened by the womanmachine' s superior
reproduction capability. The Model is an excerpt from the post -war
machine-reproduction wars .
Phase 3: Sleezy D' s I've Lost Control is the f1ipside of Can You Feel
07(096)
It?, rescoring Joy Division's She's Lost Control for the Roland 303. Each
sensation oscillates into the other in an audio-chemical feedback loop.
Pitchshifting draws you down into mindslurring, slow-motion computer
psychosiS. 303' S fil ters smear tones into a timbral spectrum of decay.
Acid carves new sensory channels and mutates the ones already being
used. It demands and builds a synthetic ear for itself from the old one.
Fear feeds forward into the dance, floods you in waves of reassuring
panic until you feel safe and dangerous.
Phase 4: It 's too late. The drug< . tech interface synthesized you long
ago. You' re synthetic now. Against this, all traditional authority
condemns itself. The Old World loses all seriousness when it insists that
you don' t have to take E to know it ' s bad for you. This sensible
ignorance is precisely what invalidates it.
Every word the government speaks deletes itself. All its expertise
disqualifies it.
Some Gods will mount any horse
Ishmael Reed
Panic Feedsforward
No government can scare you into stopping because E, trips,
hydroponically grown skunk, all these have already scared you more
than they ever could. This sense of being snatched by drugs, of being
kidnapped into your head, of drawing out the madness already in you:
this is what the Darkside is. Everything the media warns you against has
already been made into tracks that drive the dancefloor.
All black electronic musics have their Darkside, and Acid' s begins
with Bam Bam's '88 Where 's Your Child, the Acid track as audio
abduction, the sound that snatches you from school, self and society,
that kidnaps your mind and never gives it back. Like 4 Hero's Mr Kirk 's
Nightmare, it amplifies parent 's drug-panic into a hilariously horrifying
feed forward loop: ' Parents, Don' t let your kids out at night/ Don't you
know they don't know wrong from right?'
Acid here is a psychotic sampladelia of whining motorcars, of vicious
glass smash played as a 3-note refrain, of cars slowed down into
decaying gong and intermittent baby screams. Bam Bam pitchshifts his
voice until it slurs down into a sinister gloat punctuated by vampiric
laughs. It ' s the sound of seduction every parent dreads: 'Where's your
07(097)
child? / Do you know? / Look aroundlNowhere to be found.'
Acid is repetitive attack patterns that perpetually climb, build and
fall , restlessly lurching from panic inducing trebles to queasy lows. And
even worse - even more satisfying - are the voluptuous groans and
sated sighs emitted by the voice as if it ' s stroking itself while recalling
intense gratification: ' Nobody likes to be left alone/ especially when they
don't know right from wrong. ' Where's Your Child hits a peak of sweet
unease when Bam Bam murmurs ' Curfew Curfew' like an incitement to
unnamed perversions, the enticing threshold into its ahuman world:
'You' re all my children now.'
A Crowd of Import Aliens
Acid is the import alien. It arrives in crowds of mystifying names,
terrifyingly blank 12S, labels approaching you within the Rhythmachine
swarm that is the compilation. No more than the remix, the compilation
never wins awards, never makes it into End-of-Decade Lists. Like the
remix, the compilation is an artform for the Sampladelic Era. The history
of the Electronic Rhythmachine is measured as much in the crowd of the
compilation as by the 12. From the Streetsounds Electro Volume /-/2 to
10 Records ' Techno: The New Dance Sound of Detroit to Network' s Retro
Techno to Suburban Base/ Moving Shadow's The Joint to Reinforced's The
Deepest Shade of Techno to Virgin 's Macro Dub Infection to Om Records '
Deep Concentration - the compilation is the movable shop wall that
dissolves the 12 'S aura, releasing it from its dj-only Itd-edn
professionalized status.
As a US or Euro import, a test pressing, a white label dj promo, a
double pack, a triple pack or a 10, the single is the rare object that
everyone wants, that most people never get to see. The 12 is the
hardback of music, the Itd-edn run of 2000 copies that sells out in 3
days, never to be seen again. The 12 is an elite product, frozen in a
rigidly protected hierarchy of dj, journalist and everyone else.
Like paperbacks, compilations reverse this process, releasing tracks
from their reverential and rarefied aura, dissolving journalistic
reverence, bypassing hard-won connoisseurship by flooding the High
Streets with anthologies anyone can buy.
07[098]

In the beginning there was Jack and Jack had a
Groove. Jack bawled and declared 'tet there be
House.' And House Music was I am, you see,
I am the Creator and th,s IS m
f
House
Fingers Inc. Featuring chuck
Rematerialize
VR dematerializes you but Machine Music rematerializes you. In
Neuromancer, Case jacks from his body into cyb€,rspace. The house
acolyte jacks into the House that is hi s/her body. In '88's Can you Feel It
the kinaesthetic of jacking is incarnated as Jack. The sensation of
dancing comes alive. Sensation is personified by Chicago Preacher Chuck
Roberts. Jack AutoCatalyses House through screaming, then explains the
neurocircuit of House in which emotion becomes environment: ' Once
you enter my House it then becomes our House 8
md
our House Music'.
Locking in tight to the beat builds the House fror
n
the reflexes up·
To jack is to join what Walter Hughes calls the 'automatic community of
technological communication', where Whitman's \ dhesive body electric' is
sequenced at the push of a button into 'the gay bo
,dy
electronic' .
Acid tweaks while LA burns. House amplifies all those feelings
HipHop manfully denies itself, intensifying the Present by burning up the
future. The Trad HipHop fanatic regards everythi ng post-House with an
unshakable suspicion: House in league with the S;ynthetic, a collaborator
with the frivolous, that which consorts with the 'machine.
In HipHop the beat is heavy, carrying a moral
l
weight that sinks the
neck until it nods in obeisance to the beat. Trad HipHop enforces an
ethics of sound that welds the fan tight to the ml
usic
.
The 20th century Discontinuum
If Rock's archetypal demand is for satisfaction, tt
hen
the RhythrTlachine's
is for feeling. Fingers Inc - synthesist-producer tarry Heard and vocalist
Robert Owens - ask the question for the 20th C djancefloor: Can You Feel
It. ' It' here is emotion without an object, pOintle\s, careless, directionless
feeling for its own sake. Fingers Inc demand that
t
you feel feeling. Can
You Feel It is a synthetic sanctuary whose tones insulate and
enwomb. Its syntharmonic horizon reaches inSid€e you, wrapping itself
around your skin, confusing the borders between, tissue and touch,
igniting sensations of unspecified expectation, i"nminent immanence.
Heard induces a sense of sanctuary, rapt ton\es cradling yoU in warm
07[099]
bass, hovering at the edge of the horizon. Can You Feel It is the
em pathogen in a state of unconditional elation, lips pursed, eyes
flickering at the speed of the sun.
The Physical Interface of Perception
When you're entactogenic, the skin gets tactile hallucinations, hears
things, transmitting and receiving sensation-concepts. E allows you to
anticipate the beat , to slip inside the machine mnemonic.
The skin is the borderguard of yourself. As an empathogen, E affects
the physical interface of perception. Pat Cadigan clicks the cursor on
zoom: 'The way to change people's ideas about reality is to change the
way they feel reality - literally.'
The skin seizes control of all the sensory channels, triggering
memory skin, skin telepathy, finger-recognition, shiversighs, rapt gasps.
The skin becomes an aerial receiving and transmitting everything.
Feeling it is the sensation of amplification, of all channels open,
supercharged. Your body seethes; a planet of wetware as you dive, dive
into the seadepths of your blood. Feeling is the result of all the senses
converging at once.
The Rhythmachine values these peaks above all else. These nonverbal
Nirvanas of total tactile telepathy are what A Guy Called Gerald terms
'emotions electric' , the moments when each dancer in the crowd
becomes a medium transmitting sensory current.
The Dancefloor at the century's start
But Nirvana's never enough. The End of Century dancefloor is a series of
paradoxical psychedelias that induce immersive inversions and fleeting
reversions. The phuture is a series of synt hetic sensations, artifiCial
emotions, tense presents.
Losing it is when you give in to toxic drives, when the thirst for
mutation is strongest, when you're drowning in peristaltic waves of toxic
sensation, when the head's no more than a stupid piece of gristle. When
effect breaks free from cause and runs off, when sound detaches itself
from source and sense, when narrative dissolves into sensation.
The audio-toxic energy coursing through the body amplifies itself in
a current that snakes through ravers in a bio-circuit . Fuel for the
Icarus trajectory.
07[100]
.. . And Came Down in Techno City:
Cybotron, Model 500, Electrifying Mojo
In Trad terms, it's widely assumed that Techno isn' t a ' black American
music' because it really started with Kraftwerk. Those of Techno's
supporters who still insist that Detroit brought the funk to Machine Music
will always look for Techno' s Af < . Am origin to answer these crits : Sun Ra?
Herbie Hancock? Kraftwerk' s love of James Brown? All of these are routes
through Techno - yet none work, because Detroit Techno is always more
than happy to give due credit to Kraftwerk as the pioneers of Techno.
Dusseldorf Is the Mississippi Delta
Kraftwerk are to Techno what Muddy Waters is to the Rolling Stones: the
authentic, the origin, the real.
Techno therefore reverses the traditional 60S narrative in which the
Rolling Stones stole the soul and vulgarized the blues of Waters et al.
Kraftwerk epitomize the white soul of the synthesizer, die Seele der
Synthesizer, the ultra whiteness of an automatic, sequenced future . To
Model 500, '[Kraftwerkl sounded straight up like they were living in a
computer. I even had doubts to whether they were actually human.'
Happy to be the interloper, the latecomer, Bambaataa steals the
synthetic soul from Dusseldorf, bastardizes it into Planet Rock.
Kraftwerk happily called their sound Industriell Volk Musik, Folk Music
for the Industrial Age. For Techno, Dusseldorf is the Mississippi Delta.
The Import Ear
Depeche Mode , Gary Numan, Alexander Robotnik, Manuel Gottsching,
Liaisons Dangereuses : all of these are import inputs charging the
Cybotron futuropolis , the Techno City. What ' s striking about Cybotron' s
Techno City is its chorus : ' Tech- noh Cit ehh' sung by 3070 aka Rick
Davies in the mannered accent of neuromantic synthpop.
The 3070 voice is remote, hollowed out, above all fey - and a
dramatic secession from black macho. The import accent means singing
like an alien in American, becoming an alien in Brit English, feeling at
home in estrangement , out of step, bored with homeliness.
07[101]
Reverse the Current of History by Inverting the History of Attraction
Traditionally, British pop bastardizes and mistranslates US music. Detroit
Techno inverts these historical US <> UK currents of attraction, by
abducting white nasal whiteness and synthesizing a neuromantic timbre,
generating the compelling sense that 'the music is just like Detroit, a
complete mistake.' As an aerial music that assembles itself through the
Detroit airwaves, Techno hears with an import Ear, a synthetic Ear. It
sings in a vinyl accent decapitated from English bodies to migrate across
the Atlantic. To listen to Cybotron is to hear the Brit voice making
Techno's alienation from America audible. In the Cybotron and M500
voice, you hear what the tropical surrealist Rene Menil terms a 'continual
telescoping of 2 cultural languages separated within the same tongue.'
The Electronic Cyborg
Cybo[rgl + [Elec]tron[Jc] = Cybotron. The Cybotron is the electronic
cyborg, the alien at home in dislocation, ex centred by tradition, happily
estranged in the gaps across which electric current jumps. The suffix of
'tron' in Cybotron and Mantronix, like the prefix 'ph' in Phuture, is not a
word, but word-concentrate: it's a partial accelerator, an engine you
attach to make concepts go faster .
We are misled by considering any complicated machine
as a single thing: in truth it is a city or society
Samuel Butler
Build the Chronotopia
Detroit Techno is aerial. It transmits along routes through space, is not
grounded by the roots of any tree. Dispersed in space, Detroit connects
through the 2-Hour City of radio, the concentration in time of the
Technopolis. Techno announces today's era in which ' Geography is
replaced by chronography,' the age when, as Virilio argues , ' we have
begun to inhabit time.' Techno assembles itself across the studiOS of
Detroit from inputs supplied by the dj Electrifying Mojo, who opens his
Midnight Funk Association show with Cybotron's Methane Sea and John
Williams ' OST Title Theme from Star Wars. The tracks Mojo plays switch
on the routes in and out of the Techno City. Cybotron ' s Techno City is
the Sonic Fiction of the Chronotopia, the city in time.
07[102)
Electronic Secession
Techno secedes from the ruthlessly patrolled hoods of Trad HipHop.
HipHop updates blaxploitation' s territories; it represents the street. By
opting out of this logic of representation, Techno disappears itself from
the street , the ghetto and the hood. Drexciya doesn't represent Detroit
the way Mobb Deep insist they represent Staten Island.
Futuropolis of the Present
The Techno City is a futuropolis of the present, planned, sectioned and
elevated from station to studiO, transmitting from a Detroit in transition
from the industrial to the information age. For Cybotron's sonic theorist
and synthesist 3070 <> Richard Davies, ' 84'S Techno City is the
intersection of 2 future states . Techno City is where the 30th C
megalopolis of Fritz Lang' s Metropolis meets the emerging T-Net of
corporate booster Alvin Toffler ' s The Third Wave. 'Techno City was the
electronic village. It was divided into different sectors. I'd watched Fritz
Lang' s Metropolis - which had the privileged sectors in the clouds and
the underground worker's city. I thought there should be three sectors;
the idea was that a person could be born and raised in Techno City, the
worker 's city, but what he wanted to do was work his way to the
cybodrome where artists and intellectuals reside. There would be no
Morloch, but all sorts of diversions, games, electronic instruments.'
Evolutionary Electronics
Electrifying Mojo's nightly show is the first stage in Techno' s
evolutionary drive into the dance, its movement from Nation 2 Nation to
World 2 World to Galaxy 2 Galaxy. With Cybotron's Techno City, in labels
like Carl Craig' s Planet E, in Underground Resistance's Red Planet series
and their Black Planet Studios, the music arrives from another planet .
Waveforms are fictionalized into offworld settings, lunar sunsets .
Electronics is imaged in sleeve artwork - Abdul Haqq's Third Earth,
Frankie C. Fulitz's Drexciyan label visions , Alan Oldham's Transmat
label-excerpts from a post-Modesty Blaise epic, Rufus Knightwebb' s
angular sleeve-art for Suburban Knight's The Art of Stalking.
07[103)
The Possibility Space of Fictional Frequencies
Cybotron's Techno City, like all these possibility spaces, is Sonic Fiction:
electronic fiction , with frequencies fictionalized, synthesized and
organized into escape routes . Sonic Fiction replaces lyrics with
possibility spaces, with a plan for getting out of jail free . Escapism is
organized until it seizes the means of perception and multiplies the
modes of sensory reality.
Which is why you should always laugh in the face of those producers,
djs and journalists who sneer at escapism for its unreality, for its
fakeness; all those who strain to keep it real. These assumptions wish to
clip your wings, to tie your forked tail to a tree, to handcuff you to the
rotting remnants of tradition, the inherited stupidities of habit, the dead
weight of yourself. Common sense wants to see you behind the bars it
calls Real Life.
By contrast, Sonic Fiction strands you in the present with no way of
getting back to the 70S. Sonic Fiction is the first stage of a reentry
program which grasps this very clearly. Sonic Fictions are part of modern
music's MythSystems. Moving through living space, real-world
environments that are already alien.
Operating instructions for the escape route from yourself. Overthrow
the Internal Empire of your head. Secede from the stupidity of
intelligence, the inertia of good taste, the rigor mortis of cool. You're born
into a rigged prison which the jailors term Real Life. Sonic Fiction is the
manual for your own offworld break-out, reentry program, for entering
Earth's orbit and touching down on the landing strip of your senses.
We dedicate this album to the people of the
Detroit Metroplex. To survive we must technofy and
save the biosphere
Cybotron
Technofication: the Conceptechnics of Techno
To ENTER the Cybotron world it ' s necessary to technofy first yourself,
then the world. Press the ENTER button on the Roland composer. Press
PATTERN CLEAR for rhythmatic synthesis .
To technofy is to become aware of the coevolution of machine and
human, the secret life of machines, the computerization of the world,
the programming of history, the informatics of reality.
07[104]
To technofy is to evolve a mindstate which grasps the migration
paths of machinic processes, builds Sonic Fictions from the electronics
of everyday life.
To technofy is to optimize the machinic mutation of music.
Synthesize Yourself
Behind the disappearing of Detroit Techno in the US, there's the sense
that Techno betrayed an unspoken oath. It was seduced by Manuel
Gottsching, by Liaisons Dangereuses - by all that Euro synth music -
and this triggers the unspoken but persistent sense of abandoning
African •• American tradition. This loyalty assumes an umbilical
connection to rub. Detroit Techno breaks exhilaratingly with rub - but
then it was never rooted in it to begin with.
It was always synthetic, from the aerials up.
Crits would still ask, 'How could Grandmaster Flash and Bambaataa
like Kraftwerk?, Obvious. Bambaataa is attracted to an alien Euro sound,
bored with and indifferent to familiar Af •• Am sound. But at the same
time, white sound isn't alien at all. Nothing that attracts is alien.
Bambaataa wants to artificialize himself. White-framed slitshades
scanning the track, the fashion of a Parliafunkadelicment outpost left on
an offworld colony to develop its own silicon-based MythSystems. The
dj 's role is to intensify estrangement , to transmit the currents of the
alien. But the dj doesn' t know what she wants until she hears it. The
Futurist is helpless in the face of fascination. Yesterday this track was
unknown, unheard, undreamt . Today you follow it like a sleepwalker.
journalism inverts this unknowingness - How can I know what I
want? - into a demand: 'How can you like what you like?' journalism's
job is to build the border, be the gatekeeper, man the crossing. The
Futurist moves carelessly past a polarization which was never there.
White journalism always asks the same question: ' How could this
whitest of groups exert this powerful influence over Black Music?'
Simultaneously smug and incredulous, it tells you, over and over, that
Kraftwerk are Techno' s precursors, its routes-rockers. But having taught
Techno producers all they know, the originators must recede into the
distance as Techno, simple lessons mastered, advances inexorably into
the future.
07[105]
white Noise for Snares
Drums and Electronics converge on the new possibility space of
rhythmatics and syncussion. As Kraftwerk realized, sound machinery de-
skills and dephysicalizes music, allowing ' thinking and hearing'
precedence over ' gymnastics. Practising is no longer necessary.'
The musician becomes an electronic programmer , a push-button
percussionist who taps ENTER with the fingertips.
The drum-machine is really a synthesizer which plays back sequences
of automatic intensities, pitch, noise. Model 500 makes up 'drum sounds
on the Korg MSlo synthesizer. I would play around with white noise and
pink noise and come up with drum sounds. I heard a Kraftwerk record
the first time. The record was Man Machine and on a lot of the songs
they were using white noise for snares in just the same way that I was.'
science fiction doesn't predict the future, it
determines it, colonizes it, preprograms it in the
image of the present
William Gibson
Preprogram the Future
Detroit Techno organizes a history and preprograms the future direction
of the Rhythmachine. As juan Atkins declares 'It was so amazing. It was
like the answer. It was the future for me. I thought man, this is the
future and this is where I'm trying to go. If you listen to We Are the
Robots there are no cymbals. I heard my snare sounds and I heard my
kickdrum sound on this record. But the thing was that it was more
precise. It was like what I was trying to do but couldn't get to, you
know? Then I heard the gated noise snare and the gated noise kick with
no cymbals. It just froze me in my tracks.'
The Cyborg in the Network of Forces
In naming himself Model 500, juan Atkins affirms the machine state
which used to be called dehumanization. Gunther Frohling' s '78 Man
Machine sleeve shows a chorus line of bachelormachines. The inside
sleeve art shows Kraftwerk with dyed black hair, black eyeliner, red
lipstick on their minuscule, sealed-up mouths, red shirts and black ties.
The right arm is held at the hip and all are looking right . Posed on a
metal stairway with red rails, all bachelors with no bride.
07(106)
The name Model 500 announces the producer as the next model, the
synthesizer of the future. The producer is now the modular input,
willingly absorbed into McLuhan's 'medium which processes its users,
who are its content .' Tapping into the energy flow of the machine, the
Futurist becomes an energy generator. Cyborging turns the human into
Samuel Butler's machinate mammal , part of an ongoing connection
machine. Machines R US. Donna Haraway: 'The machine is us, our
processes, an aspect of our embodiment .'
To cyborg yourself you name yourself after a piece of technical
equipment , become an energy generator, a channel , a medium for
transmitting emotions electric. The psyborg plugs into machinic
processes, draws on the electronic energy of. .. everything. It becomes a
component of the unbuilt future world machines, an element in Goldie' s
cuboidrome piece, in Basquiat's sampladelic Pegasus machine. Cyborging,
to borrow the words of Norman Mailer, 'takes the immediate experiences
of any man, magnifies the dynamic of his movements, not specifically but
abstract so that he is seen as a vector in a network of forces.'
Heteronyms
Like Underground Resistance as X-102, World 2 World, Galaxy 2 Galaxy,
The Martian, like Kool Keith as Funk Igniter Plus, Rhythm X, Dr Octagon,
like 4 Hero as Tek 9, Internal Affairs, Tom G Jerry, Nu Era, Juan Atkins
multiplies himself into machine names: M500, X-Ray, Channel One
Frequency, Audiotech and Infiniti. The producer disappears into each
alterego but the machinate name is not a pseudonym, a fake name.
Rather it's a heteronym, a many-name, one in a series of parallel names
which distributes and disperses you into the public secrecy of open
anonymity. I is a crowd: the producer exists simultaneously, every
alterego an advertisement for myselves. The Rhythmachine actively sets
out to manufacture as many personalities as possible. Alteregos are
more real because you choose them. Ordinary names are unreal because
you didn' t . Multi-egos are more real still because they designate your
parallel states.
Children, instinctual animists, identify with toys and dolls, subjecting
themselves to and projecting onto the Inanimate: every 12-year-old
knows that I is an other and another and another. In the 70S, the Bowie
heteronyms - Major Tom, Aladdin Sane, Thin White Duke - were serial.
Now heteronyms come in parallel. Today, the Futurist producer is always
greater than one, always multiplying into omni-duos, simultaneously
07(107)
diverging selves that never converge into knowledge of self. Instead of
disciplining others through the despotic standard of keeping it real ,
staying true to the game, representing or staying black, Alien MUSic
proliferates mindstates which never amount to one mind. To unify the
self is to amputate the self.
Rhythmatic Consciousness
To technofy means to synthesize music from the same robotic rhythms
that took Detroit's humans out of the loop. M500: 'Berry Gordy built the
Motown sound on the same principles as the conveyor belt system of
Ford.' Motown amplified the soundscape of the 60S motor town
metropolis: 'Today the plants don' t work that way. They use computers
and robots to build the cars.'
Metroplex = Metropolitan Complex
Model 500' S record label - Metroplex - amplifies the assembly-line
lanes of the 80S metropolitan complex. The metroplex is the futuropolis
in the Third Wave of the Techno Era. 'I'm probably more interested in
Ford' s robots than Berry Gordy' s music.' This crowd of cyborgs - Model
500, Audiotech, X-Ray, Channel One, Frequency - all tune into the
chunk-a-chunk-a rhythms of the Ford robot. Building a car becomes the
Dance of the Industrial Robotniks.
Rutomanikk
To technofy is to turn the automatic sequence into what A Guy Called
Gerald terms an automanikk track. Far from being mechanically
predictable, the automatic becomes manic. The gated-noise kick of the
Roland 808 and 303 machines, their signature hardstrike, causes
language to onomatopoeize the ' c' into ' kk' . With Techno the machine
goes mental.
Defrictional
Techno defrictionalizes the funk. Its angular attack velocities are the
opposite of any snake-hipped 70S groove. Where Parliament urged you
to dance your way out of your constriction, Techno triggers a delibidinal
economics of strict pulses, gated signals - with Techno you dance your
way into your constriction. Diagonals corner you, creating a new kind of
tension that doesn' t resolve in expected places. This in turn creates new
expectations in the listener and the producers begin to call this feeling
07[108]
abstract . Techno' s uptightness, its everywhichway-but-Iooseness is not
so much maladroit as malandroid.
Cubular
Techno is angular funk for androids, mandroids and womandroids. More
than angular, it's cubular: Techno transmits sensations of cuboid and
tubular sound, sets off a cognitive dissonance throughout the large brain
of the body. Its texturhythms provoke an inextricable intricacy, a maze
of limbic dissonance that blocks and baffles, threatens and entreats.
With Rhythim is Rhythim's '92 Ikon and Kao-tic Harmony (Relic of
Relics), sequencing complexifies into an allatonceness, an algebra of
untitled emotions. 'My concept has always been to get the feel from all
drum-machines simultaneously,' May explains. 'I try to connect all the
feels so that they accent and bounce off of each other.' The sequencer is
tied to a single clock, but running 3 rhythm patterns and 2 bass
sequences at once yields a bewitching mosaic of overlapping
rhythmelodies, an aural algebra that confounds counting, that tugs at
you everywhichway, compelling an all-over omniattentiveness. When
sequences bounce and clock cycles nudge, when the rims of texturythm
meet the edge of rhythmelodies, time touches time in a machinekiss.
By sampling a chord and playing it back as a single note, the original
chord expands into a keyboard. Unlocatable intermediate tones emerge,
which May then exaggerates by jumping between octaves of the
expanded chord spectrum so that the sound shockcuts as treacherously
as springloaded stalactites . The result is a sense of solemn exaltation.
Rhythim is Rhythim's syntharmonic orchestration move you through an
impalpable portent, a cosmic indifference exemplified by the title and
arrangement of '8is It Is What It Is. 'My string sounds are very cold,
very callous,' he explains. This callousness is anempathetic in Michel
Chion's sense, because ' it doesn't care and for this very reason, takes
on, in a massive transference, the weight of a human destiny which it
sums up and disdains.' In Kao-tic Harmony, these glacial tones turn
aquamarine, are heard underwater . The spheres have long since
collapsed into a sublime spacewreck, a bombed-out relic of relics .
07[109]
UFOs, they're drawn to electric power. They hover over the
powerplant, just over there
FoJC ",ulder
Ufonic
Sung with the drained fanaticism of an abductee, Model 500' S '85 No
UFOs {Original Vocal Mix} drags you into the ufonic experience. 'When
the synthesizer came along it was perfect for me because it allowed me
to make sounds that were impossible.' For Juan Atkins, electronics
sWitches on an unreality principle. ' I was into UFOs landing and taking
off, and spaceships. The synthesizer allowed me to create, in my
bedroom, the sound of what it would be like if a UFO landed in the front
yard.' Eddie "Flashin" Fowlkes recalls 'a story about Juan and the other
Cybotron guys going to a building and some guy drawing a circle around
them. They sat in a circle waiting for the cybotrons to come down.'
I wanted to land a UFO on the track
",ode1500
The Mouth Is a Hole for the Soul
The M500 voice hollows the soul into an affectless, traumatized void.
The mouth is a hole through which the soul drains away. The M500
accent doesn' t emote: instead it [rJemotes, recedes into earshot ,
oracular portents from the end of a tunnel. No UFOs has the ominous
imminence of whiteness synthesized out of Bauhaus, Depeche Mode and
Gary Numan: 'Tell me if it's alright / You said I should not fear / things you
haven ' t seen before/ are coming very near.'
Your Brain Is Caught up in the Net
By running 2 Rhythmachines at once, programmed with separate parts ,
No UFOs blocks and bounces your body in a maze of interlocking
inhibitions. Woodblocks with the wood deleted and replaced with the
anempathy of metal on metal. Handclaps , the impact of palm on skin,
are replaced by white noise gated into mekanik matchstrikes, amplified
into the inexpressive aspiration of machines with asthma . The Song is
replaced by nonsequential sequences of rhythmatic electricity. Gating
cuts off the attack of the envelope so that Roland 808 and 909 beats are
all abruptness : from 0 to I like a trap shutting.
07[110]
Instead of being propelled forward by The jB's funk monaurail, the
rhythms frustrate all groove, impeding you. Melody is replaced by bass
synths that stab, with the tension-inducing texturhythms of a tennis ball
being bounced but never served. Constricting Zapp' s Spandex bass into
an ounce of its bounce, the M500 synth generates basstabs which stress
out the reflexes with their irregular regularity.
In No UFOs, Atkins is disconnected from space by his conviction that
there are UFOs: 'They say there is no hope/ They say No UFO/ Why is your
head held high/ Maybe you ' ll see them fly y yy yyy y ying iiingg innng.'
No Astro . > Black coaxial cables . The space link is broken.
Things you haven't seen before are coming very near
HodelSOO
[R}emote
Snatched into the fx zone, the voice enters what post-rock group
Saba Ion Glitz term the ufonic state. The ufo experience bursts acoustics
apart in a fearful uphoria , shatters the voice into a host of polyvowels ,
the plash of tyres through rain, the echo of barrels rolling down a wet
sidestreet in the cold light of night. Techno's anempathetic tones
empties all the heat from emotion, lowering temperature until you want
to shelter from your body's altered conduction. Putting the soul on ice
disequilibrates your thermostatic balance, generating hallucinations of
the skin, the sensation of being attacked by cold angles. You put a
distance between you and yourself.
Drive through the Darkside
Model 500'S ' 85 Night Drive [thru Babylon] launches the Darkside of
Detroit Techno wherein bachelormachines stalk the night, rearing up on
their hindquarters. Model 500 prowls the telephonumbilical connection, a
furtive pervert obscured by synths. The voice slips past hearing as it
sleeps like a dog, a subliminal shadow that creeps along the skin, stalks
you with its lightbreath: 'I'm driving through black on black in black.' The
nightdriver feels like 'a snake, sliding down the side of a glass square.'
Suburban Knight ' s The Art of Stalking [Stalker Mix] and Reece' s Just
Another Chance develop this drive through the Darkside. Suburban
Knight synthesises a stealthscape of sliding pizzicato through which the
hypothermic predator lunges and darts, crouches and techsteps. In
07[111]
Reece's audition of a nightime world, insidious Sprechgesang prowls the
metroplex. Baleful bass miasma turns the air waxy, sapping your step,
dragging you through a quagmire. Synth as malignant as Sarin gas seeps
through the cybodrome. Entropy powers the Grid in Techno City,
Destroit. In K. Alexi Shelby's All for Lee'Sah, his volumeless whisper
slurs and shudders, cloaking its consonants. The batteries of the
hunterstalker are running low. The chorus of reversed sighs and pink
noise refracts into the japanese word ' Hai '. It's a duet for predator and
prey in which the Nastassia Kinski-ized voice, drained and indifferent,
stutters until she turns into a flock of fleeing consonants.
Inside the Sanctuary of Shockwave: The Bomb Squad
We Are the Diagonal
Today's science fiction starts with jack Womack's Elvisseyand Pat
Cadigan's Synners, William Gibson's Virtual Light and Bruce Sterling's
Schizmatrix - tomorrow's Sonic Fiction begins with The Bomb Squad's
post-'88 tracktitles: War at 33.3, InCident at 66.6FM, Final Count of the
ColliSion between Us and the Damned, Terminator X to the Edge of
Panic, Terminator X Speaks with his Hands. For you, Chuck D's value
isn't as an ambassador but as an imagineer whose titles constitute
Condensed Fiction: capsule epics of the Electronic Age, the artifiCial
thought of the audioevent.
The Engineer Crosses the Glass
With The Bomb Squad - Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee, Eric 'Vietnam'
Sadler, Carl Ryder - the engineer, the producer and the programmer
become a group in their own right . Backroom status is replaced by the
expertise of sound deSigners . As Hank Shocklee says, ' It 's like somebody
throwing rice at you. You have to grab every little piece and put it in the
right place like in a puzzle.' In the films Predator 2, Ghost in the Shell,
the Alien tetralogy, it's always the engineers who are ready to turn the
alien into killer app. The engineer is the lethal conceptechnician, not
forming a group but ' a technical assault squadron' all the more lethal for
its anonymity. Deadliness lies in invisibility, in this retreat from the light
into a public secrecy and private publicity.
PubliC Enemy draw fire with the visible target of their logo. The
07[112)
Bomb Squad are acousmatic, heard and unseen, adopting tactics of
stealth adapted by Underground Resistance. With the sleeve art for ' 89' S
Welcome to the Terrordome, engineering becomes imagineering. The 12
is fictionalized as a sonic device, a bomb, ' launched, fuelled, planted and
detonated by The Bomb Squad.'
In their dub mixes , The Bomb Squad invent a sampladelic electronics
at the heart of HipHop that turns up the volume of the world.
A Detonating Calm
Close-miking expands the field of hearing. Perception blows up and in
the ruins, the listener goes travelling, climbs the desolate rubble of
headphone consciousness. By whispering the chorus to '88's Louder than
a Bomb, a roar becomes a hush that delivers you to sanctuary inside this
Bomb Squad shockwave. In ' 92'S By the Time I Get to Arizona, the air
trembles in a split-second pause, motile with anticipation. Beats crack
like forlorn fireworks. There's a detonating calm just before the riot
kicks off with the swaggering fuzz of boaconstrictor funk flown in from
Mandrill's Two Sisters of Mercy. In the second before strafing, the organ
vibrato wells up, cradling you in buoyant harmonics.
Wrap Me in Catastrophe
The synthesizer reverb and ocean spume in '91 ' S Can ' t Truss It [Almighty
Raw /25th Street Bootleg Mix] wrap you in the arms of catastrophe.
Helicopters hover into earshot . A thunderthroated voiceover murmurs
intimately, 'It started in slaveships. ' Can't Truss It's intro is an
instrumental in itself, The Bomb Squad at their most supersonically
fictional , fastforwarding the Middle Passage into 'Nam until both arrive
from the future .
The Apocalypse is Now, 1725, off the East Coast of Saigon: ' Slaveships.
There are more records of slaveships than one would dream. It seems
inconceivable until you reflect that for 200 years ships sailed carrying
cargos of slaves .' The trailertone slows down into Vaderized pitch, a
restricted frequency that intensifies emotional output .
The Bomb Squad dunks you in zero time until you feel the apocalypse
that ' s ' already been in effect' .
There' s a heightened awareness in HipHop, fostered through comics
and sci fi, of the manufactured, designed and posthuman existence of
African-Americans. African aliens are snatched by African slavetraders,
07[113)
delivered to be sliced, diced and genetically designed by whiteface
fanatics and cannibal Christians into American slaves, 3/ 5 of their
standardized norm, their Westworld ROM.
Like the robot - Karel Capek' s '21 Czech neologism for a mechanized
worker - the slave was actually manufactured to fulfill a function: as a
servomechanism, as a transport system, as furniture , as 3/ 5 of the
human, as a fractional subject. Norbert Wiener clicks on escape: 'The
automatic machine is the precise economical equivalent of slave labour .'
Slaves are aliens. Leroi Jones adjusts the macros cope setting: ' Not
only physical and environmental aliens, but products of a completely
alien philosophical system.' Inhumans, posthumans owing nothing to the
human species . Hence the endless arguments in the 18th C about the
ability of slaves to read or write, the equivalent to 20th C arguments
concerning the potential existence of artificial intelligence.
'At the eve of the year 2000, PreSident David Duke of the United
World States of Europe-America, has launched a final assault on peoples
of African descent , turning the righteous into niggatrons.' PE's Whole
Lotta Love intro is PhonoFiction at the 23rd hour of 'December 31st 1999'.
Throughout, a mission-control sample counts up towards zero from
minus 20, freezing at minus point 666 recurring.
From the future of racial war, Contract on the Love World Jam is The
Bomb Squad at their most voluptuously world-historical. The
Rhythmengine pushes you along with skratchadelic skids slipping and
sliding either side of the downbeat , revving up an anticipation sustained
by cradling guitar harmonics . It is a military communique, a lecture, a
press briefing momentously intoning: 'There is something living in the
consciousness of the people today. The race that controls the living past
controls the living future. '
Voluptuous Vigilance
Verge, brink, cusp: these imminent states are sustained into prolonged
thresholds, stretched edges, incipient action. The sampler's loop
function iterates the break into the brink. ' 92' S Arizona Assassination
Attempt Acca Double Dub: pre-stampede wails are sustained into a panic
wave which wells up through the crowd' s head and writhes down its tail.
Screams emerge then fall back into a swarm of sobs, dissolve into a
smothered sky. Choruses are assembled from crowd panic.
Distress tones stretch into downerdrones that drive through your
head. ' 88' s Final Count of the ColliSion between Us and the Damned lasts
07[114]
0.48 seconds. The drastic dynamic between title and music, and between
syntactic and sonic organization, sets the senses seesawing. The title
gratifies desire for annihilation, teasing it into both preparation and
postponement . Final Count is an epic of prolonged abruptness, in which
drum-machines ricochet like an automatic repeat rifle over ice-cold
Rhythim is Rhythim-style strings and ominous drones.
The Bomb Squad operate in the countdown to imminent apocalypse
and impending riot . Gangsta lives in the chronic time of Dr Ore ' s G Funk
Era, the obstinate indolence of the gangsta paradise, a neverending
idyll of the id.
Alarm for the World
Drones recur indefinitely at 33.3 recurring, trapping you in despotic time.
Midrange frequencies wind you up tight into the tense present . '88's
concept album It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back released
Bomb Squad electronic tonalities throughout the communications
landscape. Mind Terrorist and Show 'em Whatcha Got cage you up in
unlocatable synth-guitar loops, the elegiac horns of a final salute. Sleep
is abhorred; the aim is to wake up its audience from the post-Black Power
sleep, of false consciousness, tv addiction and historical miseducation.
Therefore the piercing blare of Rebel Without a Pause is an 'alarm for
the world' . 'That noise,' Chuck 0 says, 'came from a James Brown grunt. It
was a blend of The Grunt and a Miles Davis trumpet which produced a
sound that wavered. And then we took that tone and we stretched it.'
Welcome to the Terrordome is a sonic weapon, an overkill device that
sends satisfying shockwaves through the sensorium. Countdown to
Armageddon: the Bomb Squad sound races against c1ocktime.
TX Reanimator Plays the Tone Generator
With the instrumental, the turntable comes into its own as a tone
generator. 'The drone on Terminator X is a backwards firetruck.' The
transformer pole of the mixer becomes an effect for the turntable as a
sound machine. Terminator X delays the scratch into staggered screeches.
Turntabilized tones phase into slo-mo texturhythms, blocs of unidentifiable
static matter. In '88's Terminator X Speaks with his Hands, the dj's hand
evolves into a distributed brain, a terrorwrist with its own memory.
Decelerated attack velocities set up a death knell for lachrymose
wah-wah guitar from The Meters' Just Kissed My Baby. Incident at 66.6
FM is a radiophonic duet between talkshow and static. Studio phone-ins
07[115]
interrupted by between station frequencies, radiowaves stretched into
sustained glitch.
Systematic schizophony
The Bomb Squad is R. Murray Schafer's nightmare made audible. Postwar
schizophonia - this proliferation of noise since the separation of sound
from source - is orchestrated into the information explosion: 'Related to
schizophrenia, I wanted [the word] schizophonia to convey the same
sense of aberration and drama.'
You're blitzed out, immersed in an environment of endless
emergency where ' the overkill of hifi gadgetry creates a synthetic
soundscape in which machine made substitutes are providing the
operative signals directing modern life.'
Megablast, Louder than a Bomb, Timebomb, Rightstarter: all these
titles intensify Schafer's nightmare of hifi gone overkill . Bringing the
noise blows up the mind, by maintaining an ambient pressure more felt
than heard. Producer Eric 'Vietnam' Sadler explained the insistent static
and hiss throughout the Bomb Squad's ' 88-'92 concept-album cycle: 'Turn
it all the way up so it ' s totally distorted and pan it over to the right side
so you really can't even hear it . Put the sound only in the right speaker
and turn it so you can't barely even hear it - it 's just like a nOise in the
side' that never lets up. Life during everyday wartime, waged with
'knowledge of self' .
Paranoiac Critical Device
On Public Enemy sleeves, the gunsight logo has become a gunlight, a
calibrated halo in which, says Virilio, 'functions of eyesight and
weaponry melt into each other.' The optical diagram of assassination
becomes a paranoiac critical device, an optogram which intercepts sight.
Operational Signals
You ' re like Newton, Bowie's alien in the film The Man Who Fell to Earth,
defending and surrendering to the audiovisual attack, the info-explosions
on his 15 tv screens. Newton uses his remote-control volume-mixer to
wreck the picture with bursts of static, scratching tv like vinyl. The
audiovision image-current reverses direction and starts attacking you in
all its phosphorescent ferocity, seizing your synapses with its photons.
07[116]
The Final Transmission from The Forever War: Underground Resistance
Final transmission: I found it. There is existence
other than us. I have transformed. The tones are the
keys to it all! I'll be back
"'ad "'ike
Underground Resistance's '92 debut album sleeve Revolution for Change
cover adapts Public Enemy's ' 87 debut Yo! Bum Rush the Show for the
Techno Age. Cloaked in shadows, PE are crouched around the decks
warding off yet basking in its sonic rays . Shot from the turntable's point of
hearing, the sleeve shows them in thrall to the decks . Masked and hooded,
Mike Banks and Jeff Mills of Underground Resistance are videocaptured in
the blue light of the video lens. UR adapt The Bomb Squad's strategies of
stealth into a conceptechnics of electronic invisibility.
Technology is not neutral. It is not neutral; it's a
black continent
viri'io and Lotringer
Disappeared by Consensus
In today's satellite linked era, it 's widely assumed that MTV is the motor
of music, that all sonic history travels through audiovisual transport
systems. But the very existence of Carl Craig, of UR, of Red Planet, of
M500, of Drexciya , proves that MTV's role is drastically overrated.
Far from the navsats, Techno is a sonar system inexplicable to
consensual histories, and to sclerotic assumptions about Black Music in
the US . In the UK and Europe, Techno is the tradition, proper Techno for
True People, guaranteed 100% pure. It 's a ubiquitous technology that
colonizes Europeans , like oxygen, or the Graeco-Roman alphabet .
But in the US, it ' s the opposite. Detroit Techno is so absent from
American popculture, so contra-media, that it slips from the scanning
systems altogether. Like an Argentinean refusenik, it's been disappeared.
Except that instead of pleading for inclusion and integration, it moves
further into the dark. Techno secedes from the logic of empowerment
which underpins the entire American mediascape: from all those
directives to become visible, to assume your voice, to tell your story.
07[117]
Secede from the Street
Simultaneously, Techno secedes from the street, the street which is
widely assumed to be the engine of black popculture, to be its
foundation and its apotheosis , its origin and its limit. Techno emigrates
from America, into what former UR producer Robert Hood terms the
Internal Empire. In vanishing from the street, and from Trad HipHop's
compulsory logic of representation and will to realness, UR identifies
not with the low end but the high end of technology. Underground
Resistance is neither low-tech nor resistant.
UR abandons street knowledge altogether.
The pavement is cracked, the soil is polluted, the roots are withered
and the ground is poisoned. This toxic waste and this acid rain generate
conditions in which mutant Rhythmachines thrive. UR realienates
Techno, exposing it to these radioactive conditions, the ones that
threaten all creativity. It thrives in the zones that art traditionally
reSist, the locations that kill off all soul.
UR technofies by returning the Futurhythmachine to its deadliest
origin: the military armamentarium. They move into the Military
Industrial Complex because the MIC precedes and predetermines the
street. UR break with the street because the street is at the mercy of the
military. As part of the civil sector, the street is at the receiving end of
technology. It's the dumping ground.
The Cyberactiv WarMachine
By installing themselves inside the military, UR becomes a WarMachine
advancing decades ahead of American music. UR's Sonic Fiction emerges
from the Future at its most lethal, imbuing Techno with an enthralling
electricity. Yesterday'S military fact is tomorrow's science fiction .
Reality accelerates past fiction.
Cold Fusion
There is no MC and no singer in UR. Studio presence is replaced by the
broadcast, the data readout , the press briefing, the communique from
C31: Command Control Communications Intelligence. UR isn' t human,
more a signal broadcast from a military bunker, 'a project devised by
spin doctors UR and The ViSion to cold fuse human DNA and cell
structures with cybernetic and sonic circuitry; a union of sound, man
and machine.'
Acoustic and stage presence vanishes into invisible signals sent
07[118]
through coaxial cables, audio feeds, a nest of microphones. Mike Banks,
Jeff Mills and Robert Hood evacuate human presence, replacing it with
the transport systems the voice travels along to reach you. UR is a series
of signals distributed across thresholds of the mixing console, the
station transmitter.
Raze the Soul to the Ground
The British mythology of Trad Techno insists that the vampiric Belgians
and Germans drained Techno's soul dry. In fact, it 's UR that
systematically industrializes Techno, into 'hard music from a hard city' .
The sleeve art for ' 91 ' S X-IOI EP is artwork for an updated Atrocity
Exhibition. Grey videogrids of babies, images exposed to x-raylight ,
caught in brutal newsprint black-and-white. The middle baby holds
skeletal hands to its eyes so they bug out of its brachycephalic head. The
final image breaks up into static, images of an ear magnified, an embryo
invaded by patches and blocs of light .
As funk terminators and soulrazers, X-IOI and '92'S Revolution for
Change rigidify Techno until it becomes sonic brutalism, the cyberactive
WarMachine. Techno becomes an immersion in insurrection, music to
riot with. Exacerbating the terrorizing impact of Belgian synthesizer
frequencies inflicts an insurrectionary voltage. Techno becomes
punishing, a barbed-wire warzone of voltage endured and inflicted.
X-IOI tracks like Rave New World and Mindpower are like being
sprayed full in the face with CS gas . Mindpower uses Second Phase 's ' 92
track Mentasm {Joey Beltram Remix] to scour the brainpan with an
astringency that 's more spasm than orgasm. With Mentasm Beltram
suggests that 'you just want to bang your head against the wall. Just like
you want to with War Pigs or Paranoid. I like the feeling of a good
Sabbath record. I like the mood it puts me in. I'm a big metalhead.' The
Mentasm sound is Acid twisted into Electro shockwave frequencies , live
current phasing directly through your body; is a synaptic seizure.
Unknown Assault System
For these tracks UR names itself X-IOI , an unknown audi o assault
system. X-IOI is not an alterego but an altermachine, which connects the
X prefix of the fighterplane with the 101 suffix of the synth series. Robert
Hood becomes The Vision, the anguished android from Marvel Comics
Avengers. The Punisher EP, named after Marvel's conscientious vigilante,
adapts its logo from his insignia of a skull with weapon-belt teeth. The
07[119]
Death Star EP installs itself in the heart of the Darkside of The Empire
Strikes Back.
Sonotronic Stealth
UR's titles plug into the energy flash emitted by public enmity. Launched
in black labels with no information, the EPs emerge without warning, a
sonotronic stealth arsenal. In '85 Cybotron survey the streets of the
Techno City from above its skyscrapers. UR are molochs sinking cables
beneath its streets, engineering internal exile, endless cunning. The UR
credo announces: ' No hope, no fear: my only hope is underground.'
Planetary Capability
Techno seizes a planetary capability diametrically opposed to Trad
HipHop' s timid territoriality. Militarization puts them decades in advance
of street-fixated musics. While Trad HipHop locks itself into a logic of
representation and Trad rock shrinks into supplication, UR is an audio
WarMachine transmitting back to Earth from the galactic, the Martian,
the aquatic and the digital front.
operating System for Overriding the Present
Each UR release arrives from the future which you're heading towards,
becoming an operating system that overrides the present. Jon Hassell : ' It
will become convenient to redraw the map according to who wants to
live in which era. We could have wars between the 15th Century and the
21St Century.'
The Covert Dimension
From arcadegames to the Net to simulation games , civil society is the
low end research-and-development unit of the military. Techno has the
nomad's edge over HipHop's hypervisible trooper forever crucified in the
cross hairs of the gunsight. It operates in the covert dimension that UR
allies Scan 7 term the ' undetectible' . Invisibility draws you into
Suburban Knight's ' 94 Mind of a Panther. Now ' you can hear him, but you
can' t see him. You don' t know where he is . He' s deadly. You don' t know
where he's going to come from.'
07[1201
Techno is like AIDS. It's self learning.
undetectible
It's highly intelligent
",ike Banles
Tonal communication doesn't delete psychic sensations of revolution
and secession, it derealizes them. Mike Banks : 'There are definite
messages there through tonal communication and you can't assess them,
that's why Techno is deadlier than rap.' By depropriating the listener
from syntax, Techno broadcasts from the far side of sense. It moves into
alogical possibility spaces: the covert operations of drumcodes, the
synthesis of unknown sensations, the modulation of frequent emotions.
' We' re silent and deadly and that's the best way. With rap you have to
vocally communicate your point but with Techno you don't.' Techno is
covert, undetectible to anyone not locked into the music's
conceptechnics . But the Techno fanatic doesn't crack the electronic
codes. Instead, s/ he enjoys being baffled, craves the onset of confuSion
through depropriation. Instead of clarifying this mystification, they pass
it on. Listen to this: You are participating in a mystery. Play the track.
Transmit the tones. Become imperceptible. Midnight Sunshine cloaks the
planet . Electronic mutation functions this way, through this process
which McLuhan terms 'participation mystique '.
Techno becomes ' a sort of barricade behind which [the enemy)
becomes invisible.' Jean Baudrillard clicks on shift : ' He also becomes
"stealthy" and his capacity for resistance becomes indeterminable.'
Undetectibility is power. It allows the Techno producer to become what
The Vision <. Robert Hood terms the Spectral Nomad, who stalks the
covert dimension, who vanishes into your sleep.
Vanish in Your Sleep
Far from pleading to pass through the passport controls of Billboard,
Techno grasps the chance to recede from the visible. To listen to
Underground Resistance is to have your vision deleted, plunging you
into midnight sunshine. Nothing to see, so much to feel. Nightvision
awakens new senses.
Where Welcome to the Terrordome becomes an audiobomb, Suburban
Knight's ' 94 Dark Energy double EP becomes a sonic strike. The label
communique announces ' 6 dark energy waves ' that 'engulf the earth in
ul t raviolet midnight sunshine.' Visualist Frankie C. Fulitz' s labelscape
07[1211
shows an Atomic Africa radiating a red field of dark energy. The UR logo
is Islamatomic: it combines a pyramid with an atomic power symbol at
its glowing apex and an Islamic crescent to its left.
Sonic Fiction Is a Subjectivity Engine
In UR. a constantly proliferating series of sonic scenarios take the place
of lyrics. Sonic Fictions, PhonoFictions generate a landscape extending
out into possibility space. These give the overwhelming impression that
the record is an object from the world it releases. This interface
between Sonic Fiction and track, between concept and music, isn't one
of fiction vs reality or truth vs falsity.
Sonic Fiction is the packaging which works by sensation transference
from outside to inside. The front sleeve. the back sleeve, the gatefold,
the inside of the gatefold, the record sleeve itself. the label, the cd
cover, Sleeve notes, the cd itself; all these are surfaces for concepts ,
texture-platforms for PhonoFictions. Concept feeds back into sensation,
acting as a subjectivity engine, a machine of subjectivity that peoples
the world with audio hallucinations. Parliament populates the world with
cartoon universes; Sun Ra seeds the world with composition planets .
Scientist reprograms the positioning of satellites, setting all
chronosystems to warptime.
Sonic Object Shape
UR's label communiques and runout-groove messages generate the music
as episodes from an ongoing battle, a Forever War against the
programmers. In concept like Parliament but audiovisually their
antithesis, UR aims for 'the deprogramming of the programmed mind' .
Each UR 12 is a UAO from their soundworld, a sonic weapon, a soundcraft
that's fallen out of their world into yours.
By linking release-production dates to assault-launch dates you feel
as if you're a target . The record takes the sonic object shape of the
weapon used in the launch. Each 12 is the latest instalment in an age-old
battle with the programmers. Once you' ve bought it, you ' ve Willingly
inducted yourself into The Forever War.
07[122)
U R the Flight Path
The launch and journey of the Cyberwolf EP is the route of the UR 12
through you and onwards. The EP title catalyses a UAO, a virtual
hunterseeker missile. Buying the UR 12 inducts you into a line of flight ,
from Detroit to the record shop to yourself to a mixtape and on.
The Vinyl Manifesto
Sound and Sonic Fiction feedforward into each other, opening up new
possibility spaces like the Planetary Manifesto of ' 92' S World Power
Alliance, inscribed on the un mastered B side of The Kamikaze EP as WPA
backing plate NI : 'The World Power Alliance was formed somewhere in
Detroit, Michigan, USA on May 22, 1992 at 4.28pm by various elements of
the Worlds Underground Legions. The Alliance is dedicated to the
advancement of the human race by sonic experimentation.
'The World Power Alliance was designed to bring the World's minds
together to combat the mediocre audio and visual programming being
fed to the inhabitants of Earth, this programming is stagnating the minds
of the people building a wall between races . This wall must be
destroyed, and it will fall. By using the untapped energy potential of
sound, the WPA will smash this wall much the same as certain
frequencies shatter glass . Brothers of the underground transmit your
tones and frequencies from all locations of this world. Wreak havoc on
the programmers!'
UR's World Power Alliance expands on Public Enemy's Fear of a Black
Planet, replacing planetary nationalism with a sonic globalism. Back in
the 70S and 80S, audiosocial vanguards bet everything on visibility,
identification, public enmity. But in the Techno era, 'Disappearance is our
future .' Technology changes the form of power, the nature of identity, the
essence of the enemy. Virilio faxes Earth: ' Every visible power is
threatened.' In the Acousmatic Age, UR' s Black Power is therefore
undetectible, not identifiable, invisible not recognizable, stealthy not
public. Like the camouflage ninjas of Wu Tang Clan proteges Killarmy,
stealth and undetectibility are quiet weapons for use in silent wars.
The Label Fiction
The label fiction of Scan is Undetectible EP therefore extends strategies
of stealth into covert ops, digital terrorism. The Programmers use a
Central Broadcast Facility to telecast their ' mind control beam' across
the world. The Central Broadcast Facility uses computer mainframe and
07[123)
powerful chips.
Trackmaster Lou of UR-affiliates Scan 7 has 2 jobs: to infiltrate the
CBF, and stop the beam telecasting, then to put in the UR chip. This chip
developed in Detroit by Metroplex engineers 'is a CPU platform chip'
called 'Electro 313 203 oUR 033' .
Machine Mythologies
In a series of overlapping machine mythologies, the Undetectible EP
drafts Model 500'S Metroplex label into the assault, as a research lab for
new digital applications. The chip uses Electro as a codename, its
numbers the models of Roland synthesizers, synths migrating across sf
as digital weapons. The effect of the Electro chip is to ' induce viruses
and bass frequencies' which are 'designed to destroy programmer chips
in broadcast facilities worldWide' .
In Digital War, the aim is to replace programmer chips, to destroy
frequencies and therefore to destroy programmers telecasts and mind-
control beams. It's a mission to infiltrate a single location, but the
impact is worldwide. The units are ' digitized and returned back to
Detroit via the Internet sometime in early April undetected' . Prospective
tense conveys the urgent message.
Origin Unknown
Techno lives in the world of HipHop but HipHop doesn' t live in the world
of Techno. Soundmachines decouple sound from source, to derealize the
sonic from its origin. Origin Unknown refers to today' s pervasive
acousmatic condition, an era in which you can' t tell who 's playing, when
you guess the origin and you' re wrong. Goldie: ' Technology takes the
colour out of music. It's made the music transparent.' Mike Banks of UR
thought 4 Hero were white. Kevin Saunderson thought UR were white.
Nobody escapes the way machines scramble identity at the push of a
button, turns the soul into sound-fx with the greatest of ease. Instead of
retreating from machinic mutation back into an ethics of sound, UR is
mutation-positive. The sampler is a mandate to recombinate - so it's
useless lamenting appropriation. Resisting replication is like doing
Without oxygen. The sampler doesn' t care who you are.
07[124]
The Sound<>Vision Schizmatic
Today, alien attitude to the Rhythmachine overrides the acoustic self.
Therefore the modern producer models a series of synthetic selves,
exacerbating a confusion in which it's impossible to tell who's
synthesizing the track. Juan Atkins named himself Model 500 because the
name ' repudiated any ethnic designation' . Cyborging yourself volatizes
[rlearview hearing, generates a perceptual vacuum which intimidates
expectation and repels designation. By emitting a force field of
undetectibility, it evades capture from the Turing identicops stationed in
your head. It obsolesces the scanning systems that monitor the Black
Atlantic. Machine Music operates through Goethe' s elective affinities,
not through subcultural allegiance in real-time. The engineer goes to war
over a break not a country. In the Acousmatic Age there' s nothing to see
except the sound in its non-self. The sound , . vision schizmatic is out of
control. Escape through the radar.
The Military Arrives from the Future
As Nick Land argues, it may be useful to simulate the policeman's
perspective every now and then. Revelations about real-life X Files
remote viewing suggest that science fiction has always been the
blueprint for new military capability. The continuum between fiction and
fact has imploded into a fold in time.
Today's sci fi was yesterday's military fact. Each EP tracktitle
announces an audio-assault system, a UAO, the Chemical Brothers' term
Electronic Battle Weapons which collapses the border between Sonic
Fiction and military weapons, between future and present : the Piranha,
the Cyberwolf. the Sea wolf.
Fatal Energy
Everyone now knows that bad = good, that ill = better and that sick =
best. With UR this rhythmic reversal is optimized across the sonic
discontinuum. The more lethal the energy, the more sensual the impact .
Zapp's electric bolts, Coltrane's tranesonic energy fields, Beltram's
energy flash , Kraftwerk's Powerplant , Ultramagnetic MCs ' hypogalactic
radiation, Parliament's Big Bang, Drexciya ' s intensified magnetron,
Scientist ' s pulsars, Suburban Knight ' s Dark Energy fields : all these
sonotronic forces release a fatal energy that floods you in sensation. In
the Marvel, DC, Vertigo and Image multiverses, radiation doesn't fatally
cripple you , it mutates you better than before. Machine music switches
b
07[125]
the poles in the same way. What doesn't kill you makes you stronger.
The Futurhythmachine dunks you in HAZCHEM, protects you by exposing
you, acclimatizing you to annihilation.
Inventions, the creations of scientists, are riddles
which expand the field of the unknown
Perul Virilio
SuperFictional science
Sonic science takes a shortcut through comics. Comics and science
fiction together form a conceptual cyclotron in which Trad science is
accelerated into an array of SuperFictional Sciences . By dissolving the
distinctions between sCiences, PhonoFiction mines all fields for their
mutation capabilities.
The Sonic Fiction of Biosensors in Tunnel Complex Africa, from UR's
'96 Electronic Warfare: Designs for Sonic Revolutions double EP,
immediately opens a new front where military tech - the logic bomb - is
part of the same arsenal as the fictional device, the Ho Chi Minh chip, the
fiberoptic commando who infiltrates fiberoptic cables. UR's MythScience
opens up a new discontinuum across science and art, sound and fiction.
An electronic instrument becomes an extension of
a sensitive biological system
Robert "'oog
Sensualization of Electricity
This is not only the militarization of pop life. Even more it's the
mythification of the military, the fictionalizing of frequencies, the
sensualization of electricity. The producer has an 808 state of mind
which allows a 'personal electroniC relationship with all my
instruments. ' Cos I have electricity in my body too. When we touch they
recognize me and I recognize them. I think Terminator is definitely
what ' s happening, man. Machines have emotions . They can become
intelligent and they will one day.'
07[126]
The synthesizer is an acoustic mirror, a brain element
that is supersensitive to the human element
Kraftwerk
Sound machine Symbiosis
Underground Resistance is not a group but the symbiosis of the
sound machine with producer Mike Banks . The producer is caught up in
machinemutation, played by the machinery he plays . UR is a Roland
symbiont that uses 303s to heal , that investigates synthetic sound as a
lifeform. Sun Ra states that cosmic tones could be mentally therapeutic.
In the 90S, Techno is medication. Banks hears forwards to an era in
which 'Techno will be medicine . Western medicine looks at that as
bull shit . You can't fix somebody from singing a fuckin' song. That song
carries an emotion through tonal communication. If that person feels
that communication, it might trigger something in him that will repair
whatever the fuck is wrong with him.'
Thought forms in the mouth
Tristan Tzara
The Sublime Bathes in Saliva
The pleasure of the cosmic concept - Hancock's '72 Quasar, UR' s ' 93
Galaxy 2 Galaxy double 12 EP, Alice Coltrane's '72 World Galaxy - is
gratifyingly oral. 'Oua' pulls back the lips while 'sar' winches the mouth
open. The G in 'Ga lax ' pulls the back of the throat together in a tonsular
kiss, and the 'lax' demands pressups from the tongue, forcing your
muscles to flipflop from the roof to the floor of the mouth.
Widening the jaw muscles induces an awe in the face . The syllables
'qua ', ' sar' , ' Galax' and 'Worl ' demand a labile exertion which releases
satisfying streams of spit throughout the mouth. The name Drexciya is an
adventure for the tongue.You hold a geography in your mouth. ' Drex':
the tongue descends a staircase, ascends on ' ci' , skips on 'ya'. The
sublime tastes good to speak.
07[127]
Synthetic Fusion
Hi-Tech jazz from ' 93 ' S Galaxy 2 Galaxy EP is fusion made synthetic. The
2 parts - the first subtitled The SCience, the second The Elements-
suggest that the music is the product of an elementary science.
Tapping into atomic processes imbues jazz with a colossal energy.
Synthesized bass and kicks charge at you with an inexorable horsepower,
the oncoming impact of Galactus crossing constellations. Vaulting astral
keyboards wrap you in the arms of Andromeda, sponging you in
sussuration, cradling you in a squeezebox seesaw which lulls and pushes
into a buoyant fearlessness. With stars for handholds , you climb the
skies in a 9 min 35 sec war with yourself. 'Techno to me is the one music
that is truly a global music. It might not only be a global music. I think
it 's a galactic music.'
The double EP forms an unfinished Concept Cycle beginning with
'9
2
' s Nation 2 Nation, '93's World 2 World and Galaxy 2 Galaxy, ending
with the unreleased Universe 2 Universe. In World 2 World's jupiter jazz,
the choral tones traditionally used as melodic reverberation and blessed
haze are sharpened until they s t r i ~ e like stalactites fashioned from
inspiration. Chord progressions are replaced by archangelic attack
impulses, octave jumpcuts that induce rapturous heart attack.
Cloudgrazing sky tones fill you with sensations of ascension, with warm
surges of bass which rise up through you in panic elation.
The 12 'S label shows the golden rays of a Renaissance sun, orbiting
around the deck spindle in heliocentronic revolutions. jupiter jazz's title
combines jazz synthesized on jupiter keyboards with jazz played by
jupiter the joybringer: featuring Zeus on synthesizer!
Circumsolar Revolution
Across the grooves the stylus rides the expressway to your skull. In the
post- ' 92 collaborative series of Red Planet EPs , produced by UR as The
Martian, each EP arrives in a signal-red s leeve that throws the black
label into relief. Around the perimeter of the label. red lettering reads :
THE RED PLANET WILL APPEAR ONLY WHEN YOUR MIND IS OPEN.
In the right of the label is a red disc, its left side bisecting the
indented circle that surrounds the spindle space. Around the spindle
hole is a red ring that cuts into the red disc. On the decks, the effect is a
syzygy in revolution, a moon in alignment with a red planet surrounded
by a black void , encircled aga in by vast expanse of vinyl.
07[128]
Terraformers at 808
0
Kelvin
Frequencies are fictionalized into offworld deserts, environmentalized
into the capsule exogeographies of track titles from the Red Planet EPs
1-8: The Long Winter of Mars, Season of the Solar Wind, Base Station
303, Marisian Probes over Montana, Journey to the Martian Polar Cap,
808" [Surface Temperature Mix]. The rasping, caustic overtones of
filtration and tweaking generates acid rain. In the machine meteorology
of the Red Planet series , hot frequencies metabolize extreme
temperatures. The Red Planet series uses Rolands as terraforming
machines for Martian artforms. It synthesizes ecologies from waveforms .
In Advance of the Landing
The Red Planet series assembles a Martian mythology of Astral ,) Indian
tech-magicians: Renegades on the Red Planet, Astral Apache, Stardancer,
Ghostdancer, Starchild, Wind walker, Skypainter, Firekeeper. On
Stardancer from Red Planet 2, guitar and synths are processed into an
unplaceable iridescence. Synthetic bass drops like a concrete basketball,
dragging your feet like traction. Attack velocities fire like catherine
wheels in a duet with hihat clap. Chiming trails slowly circle, liquefied
comets which stream through you until you' re bursting with ascension.
Synths surge in marine bass and simultaneously shoot stars across the
sky, erupting in exultation.
The Martian synthesizes a cosmic disco that colonizes Mars in
advance of the landing, 'so that if we come into contact with intelligent
lifeforms from another planet we can talk on the same level. ' Across
each 12, Native Martian shamans escape Earth .. American genocide,
dragging you with them as they species-jump to Mars.
Unknown Force: Offworld Mass: Oncoming Motion: Scientist
On Scientist' s '78 Scientist Meets the Space Invaders the arcadegame' s
programmed zaps inspire the Desk Magus to process drum signals into
intensities of unknown force , mass and motion. Engineer-producer Overton
Brown ,) Scientist alters the beats until they become unplayable and
unrecognizable, offworld signal systems. Each track crosses the sensorial
threshold into a universe of pulsation, futurhythms that drag your limbiC
system offworld, abandon your motor-reflex on Earth to fend for itself and
07[129]
leave you headless on Venus .
Supercussion: at War with Gravity
With Scientist, drumsticks stop beating out time on taut surfaces . Instead
unknown instruments drop like deadweights onto the surface of
unidentifiable planets. Pulsar builds rhythm out of single impacts which
collapse like boxes dropped from the north face of Kilimanjaro, crumple
like metal cases staved in 2 then switch into rapid fire zaps. The offworld
gravity of quasars alters the force, mass and motion of the beat,
transforming the stress-impact of the electromagnetic signals. In Laser
Attack, metallic boulders cave in under the pressure of their own weight ,
shuddering in a double impact. Space Invaders replaces drumsticks with
boulders, metal boxes, meteorites, industrial objects plummeting through
space to crash on planes rigidified by as yet undiscovered alloys . On
Beam Down, packing crates implode on impact then switch into shots
ricocheting down a corridor of anglepoise mirrors.
Walls of Solid Air
In dub, bass traditionally acts as the pressure drop. On Red Shift, Time
Warp and Pulsar, the low end has become spectral walls of infra-
pressure which buckle and fold you into colossal pockets of solid air,
warm banks that loom up to surround you. With Laser Attack, the bass
ripples the air as it orbits a distant perimeter, triggering test signals like
the warning tones of an electrified fence.
On De Materialise, beats suddenly crash into earshot, triggering echoes
that resolve instead of receding, collapse like squishy settees, chase each
other round corridors. Infrasonic bass forms a colossal melody that stalks
Brontosaurian throughout. Sonar pulses replace harmony with
echolocation, the long-distance machine-machine communication.
h
07(130)
Electric circuitry confers a mythic dimension on our
ordinary individual and group actions. Our technology
forces us to live mythically
Marshall McLuhan
The Possibility Space of the Soundclash
The space invaders have migrated from the screen, left the arcade to
invade London. On Tony McDermott's 70S Marvel Comic-style cover ,
Scientist is a superhero in limegreen top emblazoned with an S, yellow
sleeves, bright green pants and purple boots, firing laser shots and
aiming kicks at the pixel-sprite formation landing in a grey carpark in
North London. Beside him, a woman crouches and squeezes off at an
alien. A mother in a red all-in-one, with a 70S Afro, turns, frozen
fearfully with her kid, as a blonde hits concrete.
Organised sound clashes in the mix. The 3rd momentary track
emerges from the convergence of 2 tracks. Each record sheds its date,
escapes its context . This process dissolves the lines of association,
dehistoricizes each track. At the same time, mixology rubs eras against
each other, generates the temporal friction of anachronosis. Time slips
out of its date, vaporizing history at plus 4 on pitch adjustment,
frictionalizing it at plus 5. This proliferation into networks of time forms
the heterotopias where Scientist Meets the Space Invaders. Dub' s
possibility space of the meeting functions as a psychoacoustic fictional
plane where worlds collide. Each element in a futurhythmachine
mythology is a communicating vessel. The 12 becomes the sonic weapon.
The decks become a platform where aliens attract: Scientist meets Star
Child, Pacman meets Astral Apache, Silver Surfer meets the Shockwave
Rider, Captain Afro-America meets the Double Dutch Remanipulator ,
Supernaut meets the Camouflage Ninja, Funk Igniter Plus meets the
Purpose Maker, Firekeeper meets Killah Priest , the Suburban Knight
faces the TX Reanimator, Thousand Finger Man meets Sweet ExorCist,
Doctor Eich meets Mr Gerbik, Lord of the Null Lines meets the Terror
Mad Visionary, The RZArector meets Dr Ludicrous, Dr Strange meets the
Spectral Nomad, Iron Man meets Gamma Player, Godard' s Tarzan meets
IBM, GhostDancer meets Ghost Face Killer, Cybotron meets The
Windwalker, Dr Blowfin meets Von Blofeld the Black Lotus, The Data
Thief meets Pluramon, Hallucinator meets Dark Magus, Gigi Gal axy
meets the Black Regent , Mr Freedom X meet s Masta Killer, Veinmelter
meets Sci -Clone, Secret Girl kisses the Man fr om Tomorr ow, The

07(131)
Illuminator meets The Cellular Automaton.
Each component excites another in an adventure of concepts.
Machine Music is cosmogenetic. It perpetually generates ' mythic worlds
of electronically processed experience.'
Materializing Offworld Revolutions:
X-102 Discovers 'The Rings of Saturn'
The moment the belief that the street is the predetermining law and
limit of all black popculture is destroyed and disregarded, the postwar
Rhythmachine will-to-conceptualize becomes immediately and
overwhelmingly audible.
Far from beginning in 70S Britain and ending with punk [as media
folklore so fondly maintains) the Progressive Era opens with Sun Ra. And
today you live in a far more conceptual era than Progressive Rock ever
dreamt of. 4 Hero, Killarmy, Dr Octagon and Red Planet fabricate concepts,
perpetuate Digital MythSystems and proliferate sonic theories far more
excessive than Gong's. Machine Music is exuberant in its exorbitance.
Trad white journalism is affronted at the news that ex-UR producer
Jeff Mills thinks in concepts. Querulously, it ponders how and why such
a thing could happen. And starts seriously to doubt whether Black MUSic
is really safe in his hands, or Tricky' s, or Dr Octagon's.
It isn ' t. It never was.
Mesmerized by belief systems left over from HipHop, Trad media
sleepwalks through the sensorial implications of Sonic Fiction, deaf to
its formal operations, terminally unable to comprehend the perceptual
illogic of your Age.
Unblack Unpopular Unculture
Only journalism can deliver you to sound safely. Futurhythmachines
form a discontinuum that is utterly indifferent to the street . Machine
MUSic therefore arrives as unblack, unpopular and uncultural , an
Unidentified Audio Object with no ground, no roots and no culture.
07[132]
Theory at 130 BPM
As X-102, Banks's, Mills's and Hood' s ' 92 project announces its concept
at once: X-I02 Discovers 'The Rings of Saturn '. Sleeve art , titles, label
art , everything out in the open and yet powerfully unclear. The concept
album, jeff Mills argues, should 'materialize an idea or a theory, to try to
explain with music a certain place or a certain thing.'
So thought travels at 130bpm. The moment concepts are materialized,
they become plastic: mixillogical. Electronic duo Mouse on Mars:
'Everything you press on a record is the record. Hifi consciousness is
what your ears expect from a record.'
Replayable Mindstates
With james Brown's '71 Revolution of the Mind, the record becomes a
replayable machine for generating new mindstates. Brownian hifi
consciousness abstracts revolution from the decks and applies it to the
head. It grasps the intimate machine interface of human and decks. Black
Atlantic Futurism is characterised by 2 tendencies: first, a drive towards
Cosmogenesis, towards conceptechnics, Sonic Fiction, concept trilogies
and concept EP cycles; second, a contrary drive towards the meta,
towards sound for its own sake.
Disco Lunar Module
From the self-reflexive funk of james Brown' s '69-'71 tracks - Ain ' t It
Funky Now Parts 1 and 2, Funky Drummer Parts 1 and 2, Make It Funky
Parts 1-4 - to the meta-HipHop of De la Soul's Skip to My Loop and This
Is a Recording and the metamatic Electro of Man Parrish' s Six Simple
Synthesisers, from the self-reflexive HipHop of Mantronix's Bassline to
the self-reflexive Techno of Carl Craig' s Oscillator, Futurhythmusic
sacrifices content to throb and politics for pulse. Black Machine Music is
always applauded for its message because seriousness must always be
sociopolitical. But the Futurhythmachine emerges when music turns
away from the world and goes round and round in circles; when the
track manifests the title' s manifesto.
Convolutor [Type Galileil
Revolution migrates from machine to mind. The tone arm travels across
the grooves of the mind in a universe of everextending radii from the
centre. jeff Mills' s Inner Sanctum is intentionally mastered in reverse so
that ' the needle spirals from the inside out '. UR's and jeff Mills' s 12S play
07[133]
from the runout to the beginning of the Vinyl , starting where the
ordinary 12 ends, finishing where the needle usually launches itself. By
switching direction to play forward from the end, the reverse-mastered
12 provokes acute cognitive dissonance.
Reverse-engineering the Brownian revolution alters the grooves of
the mind, turns hifi consciousness inside out , and confronts you with the
Clintonian habitform which is you . Mike Banks explains how the
supervisor at the National Sound Cutting pressing plant in Detroit
'showed us a way of changing the direction of the machines just by
changing the belts on the machine's main drive. We use the same
machines that they used back in the Motown days, which are ancient
compared to the ones today, which you can't tamper with.'
The Conceptechnics of Materialization
X-102 drastically expands the information vinyl normally contains.
Materializing concepts generates 'a sudden multiplication of dimensions
of matter'. Virilio's process can be formalized as the equation M x C = M
n
[where M = Material and C = Conceptl. The mastering, sequencing and
timing of the album, the track, the label , the sleeve, the title: the
conceptual potential of each is materialized. The possibility space of
each level is impressed into the groove so the record becomes a new
object , the plastic complex rotating on its axis.
'You have to visually describe it on the vinyl - that ' s what
constitutes an X project . ' Mills elaborates, 'The label itself is the actual
planet, the grooves are the actual rings , so in a certain way you can give
the impression that the grooves are the rings of Saturn.'
Circumlunar Revolution
With Brown, grooves revolve around the mind. But with X-102, rings are
in revolution around Saturn, artifactualized as grooves. With Red Planet,
the grooves turn around Mars. Sonic Fiction turns your mind into a
universe, an innerspace through which you the headphonaut are
travelling. You become an alien astronaut at the f1ightdeck controls of
Coltrane' s Sunship, of Parliament 's Mothership, of Lee Perry's Black Ark,
of Sun Ra 's fleet of 26 Arkestras, of Creation Rebel ' s Starship Africa, of
The jBs' Monaurail.
07[134]
Fatal Exposure to the Sonar System
Sonic Fiction generates cosmic space which isn't a void. Coltrane's
Interstellar Space has an audioastrological order to it, a cosmic harmony,
a universal sound. Music is the current that reconnects you to this order,
by triggering a current that alternates from you to the solar system.
X-102 isn' t Sonic Fiction in this sense. It 's not a journey into sound,
but rather a fatal exposure to the void. Instead of shielding you from
outer space, everything here is designed to intensify its sensory
extinction, the traumatic confrontation with the Rings of Saturn:
'I magine being in a world where all your God-Given senses are extinct,
where your existence is but a mere fragment in a ring orbiting a planet .
You may find yourself caught in the state between the rotation of motion
and the rotation of life circulation.'
Rlien Rrtifactualizer
X-102 isn' t Sonic Fiction at all, but sonar fact. The inside sleeve
tabulates scientific statistics - radii, width, composition, infrared
spectra, radio frequencies - until they take on a terrorizing actuality.
X-102 is an alloy of SCience, art and sound, an artefact of information
and image materialized in vinyl. On Side A, each track - Phoebe, Titan,
Rhea - is separated by a smooth band which impedes the needle. Each
band has numbers 3.77, 3.45, 27. The circumlunar label shows an eerie
infrared closeup of a ring, with Saturn in shadow.
Side IB's label is a diagrammatic map of a satellite extending its
sensors out towards the perimeter of rings . The first band has an incised
helix, then the track Tethys; the second 'X-102 Discovers' etched in and
the second track Hyperion.
Side 2A's label shows Saturn in shadow at its top and bottom,
bounded by rings . Each track is separated by a clear band with a helix
and track titles etched in: C Ring, BRing, Enceladus. Side 2B's label is a
closeup of the rings in colours, shifting from gray to ash to purple gray
to mauve red. Tracks are IA Ring and Ground Zero [The Planet]: a huge
expanse of vinyl land.
X-I02 instils a sense of statistical fear and absolute mystery. Its
Sleevenotes report that 'Saturn's rings were conSidered one of the
greatest mysteries of the solar system, and Since obtaining detailed data
on them the problems have, without doubt, increased.'
Trad Space music humanizes space into a manageable sublime . Sonic
Fiction shrinks it down to the size of a spaceship. The void feels homely;
07[135]
spaceways for journeys by dj. But instead of placing you inside space,
the X-I02 album is a chunk of planetary matter receding from you.
It intensifies its distance from the human, insists on an offworld state:
Rings of Saturn doesn't belong on Earth. With X-102, Trad ambient's
weightlessness becomes chamber . >crater Techno, frequencies of
concussive distortion like basketball played with a wrecking ball on
concrete. All the machine rhythms are distorted into unrecognizable
metallic stresses, impacts of unknown force, mass and motion. Deep space
that sucks your soul dry. Zero gravity that turns into zero-degree trauma.
X-I02 shouldn't even be here, on your decks. It is a piece of another
planet manufactured on earth. An off-world artefact engineered by X-
102, an alien artefact materialized in Detroit: ' How long a track should
be was dictated by how wide the ring actually was on Saturn. What the
rings were made out of determined the texture of the track. The way
they were sequenced was linked to the concept and the colour of the
ar twork is very Similar to what it really looks like .'
What he sets in motion is the MANIFESTED. It is a
kind of primary physics
Antonin Artoud
Materials for the Manufacture of Rmplitude concepts
Materializing the concept turns thought into a vinyl object. Dropping the
needle launches the PhonoPhysics of Techno, ignites the subatomic
world of Mills-art. 'Theories and subjects of substance is the elementary
element that fuels the minds within our axis.' The album emerges from
these conceptual operations . At this level , 'subjects of substance' and
'theories ' behave as 'the elementary elements' which 'fuels the mind.'
The mind rotates about ' the axis' in a perpetual realignment of atoms.
The AxiS Manifesto diagrams an electronic thought cirCUit, the
conceptechnics of Techno. Jeff Mills worships rotation as a process
occurring at all levels of material reality, from the turn of the Technics
1200 tables to the lock groove, from the spin cycle of subatomiC
' elementary elements' to the Rings of Saturn.
In general concepts, theories and ideas are delibidinizers ,
dis intensifiers draining vital energy away from music: ideas put the mind
back on the mindless Technohead, the head back onto the headless
HipHop fanatic. But here concept and matter continuous ly intensify each
07[136)
other. Mills the djltheorist mixes them into hot frequencies and
cryogenic intensities, drastically dropping and raising the temperature
of thought . Materialized concepts feedback on each other. X-IOZ'S
punishing velocities and hostile frequencies don ' t disembody you;
instead they hurl you into your body, preparing you for the rigours of
space travel by immersing you in X-IOZ' S machine environment. Songs
are replaced by what Mills terms waveform transmissions which amplify
concepts and electrify thought patterns.
By collapsing concept into matter, and the mental into the material ,
the record functions in Z parallel systems : as a concept visualized on
vinyl and as punishing frequencies , orchestrally arranged Techno,
sepulchral and frosted, a Rhythmachine of planetary information.
The concept has merged with its surface. Simultaneously all concepts
hide in the record, recessed, submerged, demanding that you sink
through the dimensions of matter before decompressing up through the
grooves. X-tOZ switches on, phaseshifts from inert plastic into a
kinaesthetic kommand engine. ' When the needle comes to the end of the
first track it stops. Then you have to pick it up on the next, signifying
that the tracks are separate.' By compelling you to get up and change the
needle, the record draws you into its orbit, turns you into its own
obedient satellite. Intentionally mastering the vinyl, it remote-controls
whoever listens.
I recall a NASA Space Walk, the astronauts rotating
the earth at an enormous rate of speed
Jeff "'ills
Reverse-Engineer the Direction of Revolution
Pulsating lock grooves, pauses between tracks , reverse grooves, wider
than normal grooves: Mills uses a series of remastering operations to
alter the direction of revolution: neither forward nor reverse but cyclic.
The Mills-art universe cycles in concentric radii from the rewind of the
tZ to the 30-year recurrence of minimal art . Utopia and Man from
Tomorrow, zero-degree chamber Techno from the Cycle 30 EP, rescores
Bowman resting in the white Georgian room of 2 001. Mills synthesizes
agitated pizzicato, high pitches that slide and tug at you , nag and dart at
the body. You seize up in a hyperalert sta te , attacked by the fall in
temperature, unable to get away from yourself. Conduction levels alter
07[137)
across the skin and ignite feeling, the sensations of cold movement
through space.
Cycles scale across the mechanosphere, collapsing cause and effect,
scrambling beginning and end into recursive circuits, circuits which
function by themselves . Mills personifies this process of AutoCatalysis
and AutoCreation in the Axis sister label title: Purpose Maker. Turntable
Consciousness is generalized into a social machine which is then
manifested and worshipped. Coincident with skratchadelia and
turntabilization, the cybernetics of the Technics generates the co-
revolution of the Futurhythmachine.
08[138]
MIXRDELIC
UNIVERSE
We Are in Your System: Parliament
According to Trad media folklore, funk eases you into the groove; it puts
you in touch with your body, it humanizes you. With Parliament , funk
becomes P'aranormalized, the prize and the stake in an ongoing battle
between the alien and the adapted human, between abduction by audio
and possession by phono. In the Parliament MythSystems, funk - like
ovaries, sperm or the sandworm spice in Dune - is the vital force, the
elan vital that visiting aliens want to extract and extort. The P'Funk
track always demands that you 'Give up the funk'.
Perceptual Infiltration
P#Funk is an encounter with the alien: ' Good evening. Do not attempt to
adjust your radio. There is nothing wrong. ' '75'S P Funk [Wants to Get
Funked Up] is the P'honoFiction of the nonhuman system that captures
the frequencies , rides in on the radiowaves , seeps into your senses. It
takes advantage of the 'fearful medium' of radio to manifest the alien
power of broadcasting. P#Funk personifies the nonhuman force of media
that releases what Schafer defines as ' an invisible excitement for the
nerves because we cannot see who or what is producing the sound.'
08[139]
'We have taken control so as to bring you this special show' : by
commandeering the communications system, Star Child automatically
gains access to the midbrain: 'We will return it to you as soon as you are
groovy.' P'Funk is the p'honogenic infiltration of the recording
apparatus and by extension the perceptual system. Star Child identifies
the fatal human weakness : humans have no earl ids , and are helpless
before aural invasion. Star Child's voice is so excessively p#honogenic
that it becomes queasy and gloating. It is magnified, a manic, mocking
closeup that nestles itself right inside your ear, insinuates itself through
your hearing, sped up and reverbed until it secretes sense. It scans all
the recording systems available and decides to cross into the auditory
canal through the mike filter: an assault on all parts of the big brain by
the universal invaders of funk.
The Spacelink
Radio opens up the spacelink, the channel between offworld and
onworld. For Parliament, radio connects the human to the alien:
'Welcome to the Station WEFUNK, better known as WE FUNK or deeper
still the Mothership Connection, home of the extraterrestrial brothers.'
Listening to Station WEFUNK turns you into the medium through which
the Unidentified Audio Object arrives on Earth. Broadcasting is the
umbilical system which delivers the human listener into the comforting
audio environment of the Mothership. Inside the Mothership you feel at
home in the alien, enwombed in audio: 'Coming to you directly from the
Mothership Connection.'
Extract/Extort
I'll funk with your mind: to funk is to threaten and promise, to exhort and
extract, to funkatize the psyche through a logic of the pun which couples
concepts while fucking you in the head. When Dr Funkenstein emerges
from the Mothership, writhing down its silver steps in Madison Square
Garden '78, it's the audio lifeform come alive. The Parliament fan craves
the synthetic. The world of the track expands to devour the eager
audience. Overton Lloyd, Parliament's sleeve artist , designs Funkenstein
according to Clinton's specification: 'Draw a spaceman, put a cloak on him,
put diamonds on the cloak, make him like a pimp spaceman.' He is the
Spacepimp with spiderweb shades. The cartoon crosses from the Parliament
universe into yours. The P#honoFictional personification captures the
audience, drags it happily into the Parliament P#ossibility Space.
08(140)
Emerging from the Mothership, he . , it lolls and lurches from side to
side like an invertebrate mandroid. Dr Funkenstein begins a sentence
slowed down into an ancient alien, but by the end is a perverse imp
always 'ego-tripping and body snatching'. The id hijacks the head and
emits signals through the mouth, generating nausea through pitch
adjustment. The master technician of Clone Funk wears spiderweb
shades with white plastic arms that grip his face from temple to below
the cheekbone. White fur coat trailing, carrying a cane, his face
curtained by a long straighthaired wig and furry, floppy white hat which
drops on the beat , its . , his voice is perpetually mobile, roaming from
sardonic scientist to squeaky id, unable to stabilize into a single self.
The Prelude from The Clones of Dr Funkenstein ends with his . >its
voice slowed down to a dredged-up drawl: ' And funk is its own reward.
May I frighten you.' Funkenstein is not so much a voice as vocal matter
mixadelicized into streams of reversed syntax, the groaning burble of
the generalissimo drowning in quicksand, double-backwards tape
reversing into a reverse narration, malicious ids gambolling and giggling
at the edges of earshot.
P#Funk compels you to succumb to the inhuman, to be abducted and
love it . Funk gets drawn out of the body, an entelechy harvested by an
alien force . In Unfunky UFO, the aliens traumatize the song's contactee
with their demand for funk: ' Like a trick of lightning it camelfilling my
brain with this pain/ Without saying a word I heard this voice/ give us the
funk, you punk.' The chorus multiplies into a multitracked swarm of
aliens here ' to save a dying world from its funklessness .'
Like the spice the Atreides family mine in Dune, or the water Newton
arrives to harvest in The Man Who Fell to Earth, funk revitalizes.
P#Funk is the gladallover suffusion of Funkentelechy, the enjoyment
of mutation. Instead of resisting alien extraction, dancing turns it into a
gift , turns onto the joy of being abducted. Funkentelechy is the process
which demands Abduct me! Abduct me! As soon as funk comes from off
this world, it collides with common sense.
Possession by Cartoon
' I was merely the vessel for Casper and Bootzill a to construct their funk.'
Bootsy Collins is possessed by cartoons - a phenomenon that Ishmael
Reed explains, ' in which a host becomes a human radio for cosmic
forces.' '78'S Hollywood Squares announces Bootsy' s animanifesto: 'I've
got a cartoon mind.' P#Funk is a consensual audiohallucination that
08(141)
allows ' the mind to enter the world of cartoons ', a gloopy Sonic Fiction
sustained across concept albums . Each record is a fragment from the
world it auditions .
When you meet me again, I hope that you have been
the kind of person, that you really are now
Sly and the Family Stone
Advance Probe
The Mothership is an advance probe sent ahead to anticipate new
kinaesthetic universes. In the final minute of Mothership Connection
[Star Child] a MiniMoog spacechord suspends time. Travelling along a
line of light , all sound drops out for a beat. This funky vacuum only lasts
a blink but when sound returns it arrives from far off, from 'light years
in time'. The psychoacoustic space of the track has inexplicably altered,
crossed an event horizon in less time than it takes to wink. Like the
unaccountable hours lost by the abductee, you ' re somewhere and
somewhen else now. Memory plays with you , leaves you baffled. P#Funk
splices tapes to make you doubt your mind. Collapsing the spacetime
continuum funks with your recognition processes. The sense of being
inexorably pulled along by the simmering backbeat becomes a rockabye
motion which ' swings low'. Bernard Worrell 's MiniMoog synths arc and
ascend in wistful , forlorn fugues . By equalizing its frequencies to 1khz,
Star Child's voice thins out , croons down an interstellar phoneline,
faintly, from light years away. It travels gigantiC distances, arriving from
the future into '74 to become the end of the track: 'Light years in time,
ahead of our time/ Free your mind, come fly, with me.' The MiniMoog' s
astralized trails synthesize sensations of yearning and wonder. The stars
are so high and you are so small. Stay as you are.
The Afronaut Emerges from Anachronosis
P#Funk' s connection forward in time to the Mothership allows an equal
and opposite connection back in time to the Pharaonic connection, both
of which converge on the present . The pyramids become examples of
ancient alien technology which the extraterrestrial brothers ' have
returned to claim'. Funk becomes a secret SCience, a forgotten
technology that ' has been hidden until now'. This information is
broadcast to ' recording angel s' , Earth people and all ' citizens of the
08[142]
universe'. In Parliament MythScience, funk is genetic engineering and
prehistoric science: 'In the days of the Funkapus, the concept of
specially designed Afronauts capable of funkatizing galaxies was first
laid on Manchild but was later repossessed and placed among the
pyramids, until a more positive attitude towards this most sacred
phenomenon - c10nefunk - could be acquired.' Cloning funk in the 70S
reactivates an archaic science. The futuristic feeds forward into the
anachronic futurepasts of Atlantis and Egypt.
The Afronaut space program is launched by a narration shifted down
into threatening pitch: 'There in these terrestrial projects, it would wait
along with its coinhabitants of Kings and Pharaohs like sleeping beauties
for the kiss that would release them to multiply in the image of the
Chosen One.'
Overthrow the Cool
Each track is an audio universe, from which PhonoFictions emerge.
On the front cover of '77'S Funkentelechy vs. the Placebo Syndrome,
Star Child crouches against the stars, zapping the 'super cool oh so
unfunky' Sir Nose with his Bop Gun. Sonotronic power flowers in a rose-
red efflorescence.
On the back cover of Funkentelechy, Sir Nose is luv'd up, saturated
in the redlight of the flash-funk rhythms. The flashlight zapp! melts his
supercool psychic armour , until he loses it, starts gurning as the spasms
seep in. His jacket shucks itself off him, shirt loosening, and next thing
he' s dancing, trilby replaced by visor and afronaut puffs: ' And in a flash
of light, Sir Nose gives up the funk.'
Funk is Mutation Positive. To be zapped by the energy of the
flashlight is to bathe in the freakwencies of mutation, the funkflash
energy emitted by the Bop Gun, the sonic weapon. Therefore Cool
immediately becomes ridiculous , rigidified, devoidoffunk. As the alien
personification of unfunkiness, Sir Noise makes Cool audible. In the
Parliament universe, Cool is always derided, harassed and harried into
giving it up, surrendering the force. Therefore Star Child delivers a
diktat on cool , puts out an APB on Sir Nose .
As Ben Sidran explains, Cool operates by detachment, by ' the active
repression of emotional turbulence.' As an emotional anaesthetic, cool
crowns the head king of a body organized into a poised corporation of
one. Star Child wheedles, teasing, insinuating: ' Picture within a picture
behind a picture/ Revealing a nose I recognize/Come on now Sir Nose,
08[143]
dance.' Parliament overthrows cool, dethrones it to install funk inside a
mixadelics of perpetual mutation. Across the Mothership Connection
concept-album cycle - '75'S Mothership Connection, '76'S The Clones of
Dr Funkenstein, '77'S Funkentelechy vs. the Placebo Syndrome, '78'S
Motor-Booty Affair, '79' S Gloryhallastoopid [Pin the Tail on the Funky]
and '80' S Trombipulation - Star Child harangues Sir Nose in a duel of
funk vs cool. Where Star Child is sinister and insidious, Sir Nose is manic
and mournful, a munchkin at the mercy of mixadelia who therefore
makes unfunkiness all the more appealing. In the Parliament cosmos,
Funk humiliates cool as often as it can, deriding it as devoidoffunk.
Sir Nose is all audiotronic, not human at all but infrahuman,
animated phonomatter, a giggling gremlin in perpetual motion of
giddiness and glitch, a glyph transmitted from the electronic epiglottis of
the vocoder: 'I am Sir Nose Dee Void of funk. I have always been deee
void ovv funk. I shall con tin uuurhh to bee dee void ov funk.'
The vocoder generates a menagerie of machine voices, nonhuman
subjects. These voices aren' t anempathetic or robotic. Rather they are
disconcertingly oral, larynx machines, synthetic pharynxes that stretch
the vowels into plastic. Sir Nose declares itself ' the sub lim in aAAI se
duc aHH' who 'wi ll never dance.' Its voice modulates into Fu Manchu
tremolo, triple speeds into 3 voices gabbling a ll at once, pitchshifters
transmitting through Sir Nose in a corporation of one. It ' s a perverse
imp, a syntactic ripple, an audio id, a microphone fiend.
CE3K: Earworm of the Third Kind
Unlike Kubrick's luminous uteronaut in 2001, Parliament 's Star Child, the
Protector of the Pleasure Principle, Dr Funkenstein's emissary, is
disconcertingly creepy. Far from being a body-enhancing, life-affirming
soundtrack for young soul rebels, '74-'77 era P#Funk is underhand and
insinuating, snide, contemptuous. Star Child has a gloating,
ultraphonogenic voice, miked so that it's always intimate, tactile.
Star Child isn ' t so much a microphone fiend as an earworm, an alien
ohrwurm, an audio-insinuation that seeps into the ears and taps out
mnemonics on its drums. It smirks, sated - because as soon as you drop
the needle on the track, you're in its domain. Now you're there it's
' doing it to you in your earhole'.
It 's talked you into letting it molest your sensorium. The P#Funk
alien invaginates the ear and grows a universe inside your brain. Star
Child is the tapeworm, the subliminator burrowing through the
08[144]
vestibulae, its probing head protruding into the tympanum inducing what
Eno calls a queasy physical feeling.
Star Child sings nursery rhymes, memes that burrow familiar routes
into the brain, Trojan horses, pathways used to infiltrate the perceptual
apparatus. On Sir Nose the chorus sings nonsense rhymes of 'Threee
blind mice, Those blind threee mice' with a pedantic precision,
stretching out the vowels with an operatically preposterous seriousness.
PhonoSeduction
I wanna be your toy,
W-w-w-w-w-wind me up,
I'm your rhinestone doll,
oh yeah,
I'm programmabubble
Yabadabadabadooo bubba
Bootsy collins
The nursery rhyme slips and sneaks past the ear, as your attention
sleeps like a dog. P'Funk is subliminal PhonoSeduction. It creeps in
under the cover of nonsense, rearranges the furniture of your mind,
leaving you feeling probed and palpitated. P' Funk feels up your brain,
molests your medulla. Clinton' s alarming compulsion to pun, to 'funk
with your mind' erogenizes the brain. The pun pinches the chubby
cheeks of the cortex.
The clonebride chorus doesn't sing, it derides: 'Have you ever seen
such a sight in your life as these 3 blind mice?' Equalizing the bass
convulses the audio universe, as if the entire track is about to throw up.
A decelerated laughing box croaks derisively at your discomfort as
voices sneer more rhymes.
08[145]
you are a programmed tape recorder set to record
and play back who programs you who decides what
tapes play back in present time
Williom Burroughs
Metafoolish Metaprogramming
Nursery rhymes reaches 'a part of their mind that makes them relate', as
Funkadelic guitarist Ray Davis points out . They regress you into Bootsy
Collins' psychoticbumpschool , encrypting malevolence inside
innocuousness. The nursery rhyme is always 'gaming on ya' and ' laughing
at ya'. On Funkadelic' s '76 Un disco Kidd, the laughing box autorepeats,
giving Clinton more free time to sneer at you incredulously because
you're the mug suckered into paying attention. The nursery rhyme is the
Trojan horse, the lure which lulls you as another medium infiltrates you.
' Pay attention because you can't afford free speech': this pun condenses
the illogic of the communications landscape, in which signal systems pay
for your attention span, compete to rent out your perception. The
subliminal ad gets free space in your head by riding on the back of
another ad.
The Parliamentary universe is frequently chided for its systematic
silliness, its blatant impossibilities, its elaborately preposterous
foolishness - so far removed from the reality of crime figures and prison
statistics. But fictionalized funk only makes me and you into bigger
fools, into metafools for listening. Metafoolishness is the sudden
awareness of the frame you' re in, the blinding realization of the game
you' re in, games set up to play you for a fool. Clinton terms these games
doo-loops, the iterative processes that maintain consensual
hallucination. Because tapeloops form the basis of mixadelic sound,
Clinton abstracts this studio technique, this technical machine, into a
mental machine, a conceptechnics that switches on the social machines
which generate the 'operative signals directing modern life' . The world is
a reality studio where all the tapes run all the time, do-this < >do-that
loops internalized by humans as tradition.
Accelerating the voice into an elfin giggle couches aphorism inside
babble. Metafunk is at its most serious when it ' s funniest . In a world
' overburdened with logic' stupidity becomes ' a positive force, a creative
nuisance.' Metafunk lets you hear that ' you' re destine[d) to dooloop [like
a computer with a nervous breakdown) .' Caught up in the chain reaction
of events that calls itself history, metafoolishness hips you to how the
08(146)
human biocomputer metaprograms itself.
To open the infinite recursion of John Lily' s metaprogramming is to
regress just like a baby. Funk reverts back to childhood, because that ' s
when the met aprograms become operational. In the disconcerting '72
Running Away, Sly Stone becomes a psychotic baby crooning: ' Look at
you fooling you.' Funkadelic drawl 'How do Yeaw view You?' the second
'You' being yawned until it rhymes with 'miao-www' . Look in the acoustic
mirror: P'Funk is laughing at ya. How easily your sensorium is
privatized! You' ve leased your nervous system to the lowest bidder!
Giving away your ears and eyes, skin and nose on the open market .
Mixadelics Fictionalizes Funk
Dr Funkenstein takes funk forward to the lab. The lab is the possibility
space where funk is synthesized into new genetic lifeforms. In the mad
science of the studio, mixadelics is science gone glad.
Funk is extraterrestrialized through the mixing desk. Through
multitracking, reversing, equalizing, slowing down, speeding up, double
backwards tapeloops, it becomes what Clinton on the back sleeve of
'79'S Gloryhallastoopid calls mixadelics.
Clinton's concept of mixadelics means the psychedelics of the mix:
the entire range of sonic mutation through studio effects. Mixadelics
makes funk fictional , draws you into an offworld universe, a world of
loops where loopzillas, bootzillas and atomic dogs hunt in packs that
' really dog you' , in Prince Paul ' s words. Tape techniques create new
sounds, which are fictionalized into audio-lifeforms, bred by reiteration
like the hornwebs of Mutator software.
The Funkenstein voice is filtered until it becomes a flux ' burning,
churning and turning' along the sensorial spectrum between mad and glad.
A snickering, sped-up gremlinvoice mocks Funkenstein into 'burning you on
your neutron, expanding your molecules' until the voice breaks through
into hysteri cal babble. Babble i s the voice plunged into vocalization, phono
bubbl es without an object , bursting in causeless exuberance.
Funk is a P*harmatopia
In ' 77'S encycl opaedic concept album Funkentelechy, funk is synthesized
into a p' harmatopia, the universal product drug. The entire album is set
inside the American consumer sensorium, drawing you inside its
monstrous pulsat i ons, magnifying the mass mind manufactured by medi a.
The P in P' Funk stands for p' harma-con, p' lacebo, p' anacea. Funk is an
08(147)
omnicommodity adapted by advertising in order to feed on more media.
Funkentelechy is a product tested on you, an experiment in altering
listener response trapping you inside the double bind of ' urge overkill' :
'This is Mood de Control urging you to funk on. Do not respond. This has
been a test .' The Trad response to Parliament in the UK ever since - the
2 or 3 things you know about Clinton, One Nation Under etc, Who says a
Funk Band Can't Play Rock Music?, Free Your Mind and Your Ass Will
Follow, faithfully repeated ad nauseam - indicates Mood Control's total
success in reprogramming of the human biocomputer , the distributed
brain of bio-Iogical complexity.
Parliament sells you to the product : the happy fan i s a human
taperecorder, that happily replays these same slogans forever. The
Funk P'rogram uses these fans to replicate itself across the
mediascape. The P in P'Funk stands for P' sychoacoustic, for a funk
which takes you through a spectrum of moods. ' Fasten your seat belt
while I take you face to face with the nosiest computer I know.' Here
P'Funk operates as a psychodynamic program, a sensory apparatus of
disconcerting hypertactility.
Do thoughts of you make you high or shy?
Funkode'ic
Mood Elevator
Funk is a thermostatic device that alters environments. In Funkentelechy
the singer becomes a voiceover. Humans are replaced with Advertising
Deities: Mood de Control and Mr Prolong. A voiceover cajoles: ' Mood
Mood, Someone funking up the mood. ' Funk is a mood elevator that
alters the environment through which you move. With the right sensory
tech, McLuhan dreamed that 'whole cultures could now be programmed
to keep their emotional climate stable.' Funk is this technology, an
Applied Rhythmic Technology, an ART that amplifies cybernetic
despotism until it programs reality.
As a Mood Control, funk is an audiosocial interface which reaches
inside you and massages your heart , kneads it into a sodden muscle that
lurches while your stomach skips a beat: ' Someone's talking, funking
with the Mood Control .' At ' Mood Control ', the tempo doubles in speed
and rears up to hug your face.
EOi ng makes voices come down telephone lines; conversely it makes
08[148)
sounds jump out at you, brings voices and unplaceable things
disconcertingly face-to-face . A voiceover starts out trebly - ' Deprogram'
- then slows down to bass drawl : ' And reprograaaam.' Between
' Deprogram' and 'Reprogram', time crumples up and the second
command lunges at you, punching you in the face, defenceless from the
fx of sound.
Songlines of the Sponsored World
Funk becomes a mass-media epic of rhythm arrangements, horn
orchestration, operatic tapeloops, choral interruptions , all organized
according to the overlapping rhythms of the sponsored world of advert
overload and gameshow routine. Drums are processed into shimmering
cymballic scintilla; hihat hiss becomes a splash stretched out into thin
wires of simmering depression.
Mixadelics multiplies the Parliament chorus into a choir of clones, of
operatic womanmachines , the Brides, the Extra Singing Clones of
Funkenstein. The chorus is loop d'iooped until it scales between alien
and human, slips across the value slide.
They liquefy the solid states of sense and nonsense, intoning
sentences that start as babble, reverse into gibberish then modulate into
basso profundo. Voices reverse into a human river of heaving groans,
crowd babble and breaking surf. In an audio parallel of a timelapsed
flower 's bursting stamen, the Clones loom up out of the reversed sound
into a sped-up nursery rhyme not so much sung as lectured so
insistently you feel like saluting.
The Consumer Pantheon of Advertising Deities
Mood Control doesn't sing because it's not human presence. As an
Advertising Deity it beams, brims over with an inhuman bonhomie. The
Song distends into an psychofanatic opera of counterpunchlines
orchestrated from the infosphere: ' A funk a day keeps the nose hairs
away. Name that feeling! ' The voiceover doesn't recite. Instead, it lights
up its words in neon, energizing everything with urgent CAPITALS
riveting your ears until you're staring at the sound: 'The secret to funk is
to pay attention.'
Voiceovers reorganize The Song into a mixadelic arrangement of
sponsored slogans and operatic oneliners, of emphatic encomiums and
corporate kissoffs : 'There' s nothing that funk will not render funkable .'
The corporate host brings the permanently good news , a perpetual
08[149)
bright'n'breeziness: 'You deserve a break today! Have it your way. While
funk is not domestically produced it is responsive to your mood, you can
score it anyday on WEFUNK.'
Extreme Levels of AudioVisualization
A Parliament album is an orchestra in which string sections are replaced
by rhythm arrangements and horn arrangements. As Clinton explains
'Everything was stacked but separate because it would move out the way
of each other just in time. We stacked it on top of each other and made
points and counterpoints.'
Funk becomes mobile audioarchitecture, the Simultaneous sliding of
rhythmic strata. Musicians like Bernie Worrell, Fred Wesley, Bootsy
Collins and Michael Hampton are all virtuosos - but Clinton, like Brown,
is not a musiCian so much as a conceptualizer, a high-density neologist.
Not playing instruments is a good precondition for derealizing music
into impossible states . Where Brown hears funk as this cyclic machine
whose tensors captures the body and lock it into perpetual motion -
into the groovey - Clinton's the conceptualizer, the imagineer, the
universe deSigner, the terranovationist whose studio fictions are
operated by such animatographers as Worrell and Collins .
Psychokinaesthetics of the Low End
Bootsy' s Mutron-processed Space Bass and Worrell's Moog and Arp
synths are psychokinaesthetic. Sound snatches you into the skin you ' re
in, abducts you into your own body, activates the bio-Iogic of thought ,
encourages your organs to revolt from hierarchy. Mutronic bass charms
your stomach into a duet, tugs at your hips, humps your ass in a seismic
bump. It heaves in a peristaltic motion, like the amplified insides of a
giant stomach. Worrell's Moog synth is an tentacular treble that 's all
slide and no backbone, no attacks and no delays. Worrell uses the
Modulation wheel on the ARP synth - set at oboe and clarinet - to
synthesize a funky worm from tremolo as thin as cheesewire.
By mutating the low end, funk invades perceptions, capturing the
sensorium by altering the order of your organs while they' re still inside
you. Instead of anchoring the track to the heartbeat, bass mutation
kneads dispersing tremors across the body surface, so that the skin turns
into a giant, palpitating, convulsing heart. This induces a queasy motion
Sickness, as if the carpet ' s undulating underneath you.
Mutant bass dissolves the rigidity of hipness, collapses the distance
08[150)
that Cool demands. As a homeopathic agent, 'Funk not only moves , it
can remove ' the sensations of feeling walled-in, closed-up, cased in
armour. It squirms like a tapeworm, heaving and contracting along your
intestines. It's a bassnake that undulates the inert abdomen and pelvis
in S waves, snakemotions that sidewind along the thighs.
As Sly bassman Larry Graham explains, '" I'm gonna add some bottom
so that the dancing just don't end," and then my fuzztone came in. See,
my fuzztone is a little box you step on. It ' s a distortion box y'know.'
Instead of an inert lump of bass , Graham's fuzz bass distorts the low
end so it powers into the lead sound, careering up from under in
humpbackbeats, melodies from the bottom which bumpstart the arse
until it begins evolving into the ass and then the booty. With Sly and the
Family Stone, the bass deepens through distortion and starts roaming
around as low end rhythmelody.
whatcha gonna do without your ass?
Sun Ro
Scramble the Human Security System
This reversal of sound, in which the bass takes over from the guitar so
the low end plays the high end, immediately alters the sensorial
hierarchy demanded by The Pop Song. The ass, the brain and the spine all
change places . The ass emerges from its status as sensory untouchable to
become the motor-booty, the psychomotor driving you to dance. The
Clintonian brain puns compulsively, issues an alarming logorrhoea.
Bootsy' s bass activates the distributed brain of the body. The ass
stops being the behind, and moves upfront to become booty.
Funk, reorganizing the shape of The Song in space, unnerves the
bodyshape presumed by Pop. It exaggerates all your extremities .
Extraterrestrial funk alters its aliens at their outer extremes of ass,
nose and trunk. Parliament is full of desperate warnings against disco's
superior cloning capacities, processes which leave you funkless, snatch
your booty. On '79' S Gloryhallastoopid, the Clintonian reversal reaches
runaway point . The booty comes alive, makes its escape from the rest of
the body, is surgically amputated in an assendectomy, replaced by
prosthetics while the nose extends into a monstrous trunk.
08[151)
Perpetual Bass Mutation
Bootsy uses the Mutron Bi-phaser so the bass rrRRevs, a motorbike
powering the track. Fictionalizing this sound into a low end lifeform,
Mutant Bass becomes the Spaceface double bass of Flashlight, the
underwater bass of Aquaboogie. With Bootsy the bass becomes a one-man
rubber band, a tone-effect generator. As well as being the anchor which
weights the mixadelic arrangement, it now extrudes spinal textur-r-r-iffs ,
a low-end glutamate that reverses the gravity of the Parliament universe.
Why Spaceface? Because it turns gravity upside down. Now that the
low end arrives from above, the bottom is now above your head. There' s
no ground in Bootsy's amplified physics . Instead his bass swaps functions
with Worrell ' s Moog synth, both acting as low end mutation engines .
Landing on the Moog
On the 10.38 Flashlight 12 mix, former child prodigy and New England
Conservatory-trained Bernard Worrell becomes the latest Afronaut to
land on the Moog. Synthesizing the bass from the Moog turns the low
end into gloops and squidges from giant Claes Oldenberg toothpaste.
Worrell's mutant Moog is radioactive plasma, perpetually pulsating from
globules to strobing mayday signal , from the emergency signal of
computer malfunction to the crackle of crinkled plastic to the
sheetmetal clap which replaces drums with a wavering yet regular
impact.
Synthetic bass suckulates , the new Funkencyclo-p-dia term for a
sound which both sucks and p'ustulates. Moog becomes a slithering
cephalopod tugging at your hips, dragging your neck into its boneless
maw, sinking holes in your ears and sucking out the balance mechanism
- thereby sliding solid ground from under you.
Flashlight is the dreamvision of synthetic rhythm, light synched to
sound until it entrains the brain into the blinding realization that 'We
are the Light. ' The chorus is a loop of operatic Yiddish, perpetually
unwinding and uncoiling like a tapeworm made from choral chants .
Flashlight's voices are double-backwards tapes, phonemes sang
backwards then reversed, so the attack of each syllable flips over into a
Twin Peaks-style grumble that lasts aeons then springs back allatonce in
a gabbling gremlin tone and a shivering 'Oooooh!' from Clinton. Bass
slithers in traction which sucks you down then expels you into the path
of Clinton crooning ' Now I lay me down' in a dazed drawl. There' s an
awkward pause after the stunned elongation of ' down ' , before ' to sleep'
08(152)
lurches and wrongfoots you. Splicing tape alters space, tricks
expectation so you miss the next step on a staircase. The split between I
and me makes a friend of psychosis. I is an alien which helps me 'to
sleep'. I isn't merely another in the 19th C Rimbaudian sense. With
Parliament , I is a population and you are a crowd. De la Soul equated
the multiplex self as 'just Me, Myself and I' which makes 3, the magic
number of You.
Symbiopsychotaxiplasm: Seen III Took 4
Aqua Boogie' s subtitle, Psychoalphadiscobetabioaquadoloop, describes the
parallel processes that P'Funk induces. The suffixes describe p'hysical
states [p'sycho, bioI. mental states [alpha, betal. environments [disco,
aqua). The chorus loops the loop into 'A motion picture underwater
starring both of you.' Striations of Bubblemoog and Bootsy's aquaw-w-
wobble bass draw you inside the gigantic gulps of a superaqualung.
Rhythm Arrangements decompress you into the hyperrhythmic levels
of the biocomputer. Stockhausen: 'We are a whole system of periodic
rhythm within the body. There are many periodicities superimposed,
from very fast to very slow ones. And all of these together build a very
polymeric music in the body.' P'Funk demands post-Cagean
omniattentiveness. It activates the numbering capability of the big brain,
the body. The feet that move, the hips which swivel in time, the head
which nods, the nerves which pulse: all the body counts. To get funked
up is to acclimatize yourself to the endless complexification of these
states, to be sensualized by all the processes that process you.
Hydronauts in Aquatopia
'78' s Motor-Booty Affair draws the listener down into an Atlantis which
Parliament ' s hydronauts want to ' raise to the top'. Raising Atlantis to
the top means amplifying the low end until it becomes a liquid
environment. Bringing the deep-sea island into dry shore demands an
amphibian mixadelics.
Atlantis demands the artificial evolution of an nth-generation
aquafunk, easing psychosensory tension in a new flowmotion. The
Motor-Booty Affair' s seaswaying synths and horn descent lulls you into
an Atlantean aquatopia, 'a mystical meeting ground' where 'we can swim
through life without a care.' In [You 're a Fish and I'm aJ Water Sign
Clinton's frail falsetto longs to be 'on the same side of love as you.'
Chorus becomes a buoyant choral reef with vowels and consonants now
08(153)
different pitches of bubbles. Voices don 't sing; instead they gargle,
through aqualungs, burble through snorkels in bubbliciouS baritones.
Dancing the aquaboogie in liqUid air turns you into an aquanaut on
Bimini Row.
Spacebass pulls spaces and times out from between people. The floor
slips from under your feet , flips over above your head. Assquake in
outerspace. Aquabass draws you down into an aquaboogie in zero G,
sucking your booty up into a low end above your head. Worrell's synth
fluctuates from spongifoam timbres to inorganic soulclaps, from abrupt
trebles to waning strobes of an emergency signal.
You're cradled by Walter 'Junie' Morrison's aqua lunged croon: 'With
the rhythm it takes to dance through what we have to live through, you
can dance underwater and not get wet.'
Aqua Boogie is a nu-groove, an impossible navigation through the
audiosocial. Motor-Booty Affair announces an outer thought of the body
in which the brain is a motor function and the booty is a brain. As Pedro
Bell explains, 'Technology automatically causes the language to expand,'
putting pressure on language, kneading it into new processes, new
sensory lifeforms: suckulate, bootyful, throbbasonic thumpasaurus.
Neologic, ' the primal act of pop poetics' in William Gibson's sense,
occurs at an extreme rate. Parliament are neologists, lexical
synaesthetes extrapolating universes from a grain of sound.
Cosmogenesis at 33-3.
09[154]
SYNTHESIZING THE
OMNIVERSE
[Dialogues Concerning] New World System Builders: Sun Ra
The Impossible attracts me, because everything
possible has been done and the world didn't change
Sun Ra
The Break with Deliverance
Underlying Southern gospel, soul, the entire Civil Rights project, is the
Christian ethic of universal love. Soul traditionally identifies with the
Israelites, the slaves ' rebellion against the Egyptian Pharaohs. Sun Ra
breaks violently with Christian redemption, with soul's aspirational
deliverance, in favour of posthuman godhead.
Infatuation with the Despotic
But Ra identifies with the Pharaohs, the despots, the ancient oppressors,
by seceding from America: ' I ain' t part of America, I ain't part of black
people. They went another way. Black people are carefully supervised so
they'll stay in a low position. I left everything to be me, 'cause I knew I
09[155]
was not like them. Not like Black or white, not like Americans ... black
people, they back there in the past , a past that somebody manufactured
for 'em. It ' s not their past, it's not their history.'
The Posthuman
Soul affirms the Human. Ra is disgusted with the Human. He desires to
be alien, by emphasizing Egypt over Israel , the alien over human, the
future over the past. In his MythScience systems, Ancient Africans are
alien Gods from a despotic future. Sun Ra is the End of Soul, the
replacement of God by a Pharaonic Pantheon.
Terminate the Slave Revolt on Planet Rock
Sun Ra looks down on humans with the inhuman indifference and
impatience of a Plutonian Pharaoh. As the composer despot , he breaks
not only with gospel tradition but also with Trad future-slave narratives:
Planet of the Apes, Brother from Another Planet, Blade Runner, Alien
Nation. Rather than identify with the replicants, with Taylor from Planet
of the Apes, Ra is more likely to dispatch bladerunners after the
Israelites. He' s the Tyrell Corporation's unseen director; it's Ra that
wants the Brother from Another Planet genetically tagged and
bodybagged. For Sun Ra, the oral tradition is no Glorious Heritage; it's
merely the songs slaves were allowed to sing in the concentration-camp
universe of 18th C America . Far from being the enduring spirit of
affirmation, the soul heritage is the mnemotechnics of enforced
dematerialization, of the genocidal virtuality of the Middle Passage.
The '72 movie Space is the Place sees Ra at his most PharaoniC, this
despotic alien from an Other Plane of There. Ancient Egyptians arrive
from the AlterDestiny, from a parallel future. Driving through poor areas
of downtown Oakland, flanked by the figures of Horus and Anubis, he
observes: 'The people have no music that is in coordination with their
spirits. Because of thiS, they're out of tune with the universe. Since they
don' t have money, they don' t have anything. If the Planet takes hold of
an AlterDestiny, there's hope for all of us. But otherwise the death
sentence upon this planet still stands. Everyone must die.'
As space vocalist June Tyson intones, 'It 's after the End of the World.
Don't you know that yet?'
09[156]
The War in Time
In the 20S, jamaican activist Marcus Garvey, the ' Black Moses' , named his
shipping fleet Black Star Liners, to plug the notions of repatriation, of
return to the patria, the fatherland, into that of interplanetary escape.
Ra zooms this lost Africa into a lost Pharaonic Egypt . By reversing
this lost African Egypt out of the past, and fastforwarding it out into the
interstellar space of Saturn and Plutonia, Ra swaps Garvey's politics of
secession, radical at a point when imperial capital demanded reserves of
black labour, for a MythScience system assembled from George M. james'
New Philosophy of African Redemption in ' 54' S Stolen Legacy.
Stolen Legacy is realworld sci fi in which Egyptian MythSystems are
stolen, disguised and sent back into the past to prevent an
African , . American future ever happening. Back in ' 40, Walter Benjamin
was forecasting a War in time where ' even the dead will not be safe'
from ' the enemy' if he wins. This anachronic zone is later photofilmed by
Chris Marker as La Jetee. By '64, Frantz Fanon glimpses a 2nd War in
Time where a Terminator 'turns to the past of the oppressed people and
distorts, disfigures and destroys it.'
Egyptillogic
For james, African ,. American history is nothing but white mythology.
Egypt is both outside history and a corrective to history, a benign
despotic state, the hydraulic slave state, the ruins of a resplendent
heliopolis. It is Apartheid America in reverse. Fanon calls up an
onscreen memoryfile and gazes at the image of a ' very beautiful and
splendid era'. Its existence, he suggests, catalyses 'an important change
in psychoaffective equilibrium' which 'rehabilitates us.'
The Egypt that james bUilds is a despotic paradise, mirror image of
America' s apartheid delirium. The West is just a side-effect : this
byproduct , this usurping parasite of the Egyptian' s archaic blueprint .
Reprogramming white mythology from the operating system upwards
leads into philological labyrinths, the maze of MythSystems.
Stolen Legacy triggers the Egyptillogical Sonic Fiction of Earth Wind and
Fire. Flip to the back cover of Shuzei Nagaoka's artwork for '79' S I Am and
there's the Egyptillogical landscape lit in the glaucous redlight of Dali-ized
nuclear mysticism. Mushroom clouds hover in the background; Pharaonic
rock statues sit next to Babylonian ziggurats powered by lines above Fuller
domes; transport grids run through temples built by D. W. Griffiths for his
film Intolerance. Elizabethan ships crash over waterfalls; UFOs circle lazily.

09[157]
If you launch from 1847 to 152:5, you launch the
missile not into the future but backwards.
Now you were disrupting time as the timetables.
You had time versing time
Rammellzee
History Is a Paranoid Madman
Turning to history becomes a moral duty in an endless war against
miseducation. Finding continuities in the past or retentions back to the
West Coast of Africa becomes an imperative of self-knowledge, from
james to Fanon to KRSI.
If the war in time is a Forever War, then all the troops have to be
stationed there all the time. It ' s no surprise when the soldiers go awol.
Who are they fighting for? The folks back home? What if time isn ' t a
besieged trench on a Forever War, but an indeterminate situation: ' What
if history was a gambler, instead of a force in a laboratory experiment'?
What if history isn' t 'a reasonable citizen' but Ralph Ellison' s 'madman
full of paranoid guile'?
50S America is an unending nightmare, an endless Night of the
Living Dead in which 19th, 18th and 17th C stereotypologies stalk the
disunited States, squatting brains, securing allegiance to coffins. The
dead refuse to die.
A Visitor from Another Meaning
Away from alienation. Into the arms of the alien: 'I'm not a human. I
never called anybody mother. The woman who's supposed to be my
mother I call other momma. I never call nobody mother. I never call
nobody father.' Stockhausen: ' It ' s an inner revelation that has come
several times to me, that I have been educated on Sirius, that I come
from Sirius.' Likewise, Ra maintains he was born on Saturn.
This blatant impossibility becomes the precondition of Ra ' s outer
thought, the threshold which opens out into the new world of
MythScience. Everything he composes, from '56 to ' 93, exacerbates this
impossibility, extends it across 200 albums to eclipse everyday reality:
'The Impossible is the Watchword of the Greater Space Age,' he
announces in '60. 'The Space Age cannot be avoided and SPACE MUSIC is
the key to understanding the meaning of the IMPOSSIBLE and every
other enigma.'
09(158)
The Mothership and the Fathership are coming for
me. Come and snatch me, motherfuckers! Take me
away for a little while
01' Dirty 8ostord<>Osiris
Basic Instructions for Leaving Earth
To listen to Ra is to be dragged into another sonar system, an omniverse
of overlapping sonar systems which abduct you from Trad audio reality.
By becoming alien himself, Ra turns you alien. Afro <> American history is
white mythology: therefore Ra pursues James' operating system to its
final program: Reject history and mythology. Assemble
countermythologies. Assemble science from myth and vice versa. In '72'S
Space is the Place, the camera cuts to a girl with afro puffs: 'How do we
know you're for real?'
Ra: ' How do you know I'm real?'
Teenagers chorus: ' Yeah.'
Ra : 'I'm not real , I'm just like you. You don't exist, in this society. If
you did, your people wouldn' t be seeking equal rights.'
Camera cuts to girl who smiles with her eyes, until her mouth
registers pained recognition.
Ra: ' You're not real. If you were, you'd have some status among the
nations of the world. So we're both myths. I do not come to you as
reality. I come to you as the myth because that ' s what black - ' [Camera
cuts in close as he holds up a crystal up to his face and stares at itl ' -
people are, myths. I come from [stressed) a dream that the Black Man
dreamed long ago.'
Camera cuts to mid shot flanked by Anubis and Horus.
Ra : 'I'm actually a present . >presence sent to you by your ancestors.'
The Age of MythScience
In his ' 92 Chronicle of Post Soul Black Culture, mainstream critic Nelson
George dates the Death of a redemptive and affirmative Soul culture -
the one characterized by Civil Rights-era optimism, gospel and Motown -
to ' 72, the era of Blaxploitation, the state decimation of Black Power and
Nixon's election. But the Arkestra i s launched back in ' 55. Ra 's
posthuman MythScience precedes not only the postsoul era, but many of
the all-white futures of the 50S, the pristine towers of Frank R. Paul.
MythScience starts with Ra ' s ' 55 futuropolis Brain ville, where Jazz
provides the material for ' a spacite picture of the Atonal Tomorrow'.
09(159)
Jazz becomes the platform for Supersonic Fictions, for cosmopolitan
possibility spaces: 'In Brain ville, I envision a city whose citizens are all
intelligent in mind and action. Every principle used in governing this city is
based on Science and Logic. Musicians are called Sound Scientists and Tone
Artists. Yes, Brainville is a wonderful city and we like the thought of it.'
The Possibility Space of Outer Thought
Sun Ra' s impossible state as an offworld alien opens up the possibility
space of a 3rd-Planet music. Because he listens to Earth from offworld,
he gains the satellite's perspective, that point of hearing that Killah
Priest grasped when he crooned in '95 that the 'Earth is already in
space.' This arkestral perspective, the offworld audition of Spaceship
Earth opens the possibility space of the head: ' INSTRUCTION TO THE
PEOPLE OF EARTH. You must realize that you have the right to love
beauty ... You must learn to listen, because by listening you will learn to
see with your mind's eye. You see, music paints pictures that only the
mind's eye can see. Open your ears so that you can see with the eye of
the mind. ' After Ra, music becomes an Unidentifiable Audio-Object .
We didn't have any models so we had to create our
own language. It was based on sound. It wasn't just
something you could pick up and physically deal with.
Space is a place, and you had to think space
phil cohron
Operating System for Spaceship Ea rth
As the pilot-composer of the Arkestra, Ra is captain of Spaceship Earth:
Destination Unknown. The synthesizer turns the producer into a
navigator, moving through fictional space. lannis Xenakis: 'With the aid
of electronic computers the composer becomes a sort of pilot : he
presses the buttons, introduces coordinates, and supervises the controls
of a cosmic vessel sailing in the space of sound, across sonic
constellations and galaxies that he could formerly glimpse only as a
distant dream.' The Arkestra is this 'cosmic vessel sailing in the space of
the sound' , the sonic spaceship which leaves Saturn, travelling to
Plutonia, to Nubia, AtlantiS on an Intergalactic Space Travel in Sound.
After the Arkestra come the audiovehicles of the 70S: The Upsetter's
Black Ark, Creation Rebel 's Starship Africa, Parliament 's Mothership -
09[160]
and artist Robert Springett' s Moogship, on the sleeve of Herbie
Hancock's '74 Thrust. The Futurist builds conceptual soundcrafts , new
arks for exploring unheard soundworlds .
Entering the Synth Race
Whoever controls the synthesizer controls the sound of the future, by
evoking the alien. In '70, Xenakis renames the synthesizer the Sonotron.
Every synthesizer is an instrument that emits sonorous particles and
generates sonic molecules , a machine which transmits waveforms, firing
Sonic Rays , Essr 'ays.
In the 50S such protosynths as the Theremin evoked Monsters and
the alien. Ra had been turned onto electronics by watching monster
movies and hearing the unearthly Theremin. In the 70S disco's synthetic
metronomes were attacked as automatic and inhuman, as clones of a
superior robotic force .
By the late 60S, Ra has already landed on the Moog. The spacerace
becomes the synthrace. With the Electronic Jazz of Herbie Hancock,
Larry Young et ai, space turns from a 19th C weightless sublime towards
a polyrhythmspace shower . In Space is the Place, despite himself, a
teenager wants to know: ' Are there any whiteys up there?'
Ra : 'They' re working up there [hesitant! today. They take frequent
trips to the moon. I notice none of you have been invited. How do you
think you' re gonna exist? The year 2000 is right around the corner.'
The synthrace and the spacerace converge into harmonic
progreSSions, which Ra synthesizes into sonotronic propulsion
processes : Multiplicity Adjustment , Readjustment Synthesis, Isotope
Teleportation, Transmolecularization, Frequency Polarization.
The Technology-Magic Continuum
Traditionally, 20th C science sterilizes all myth: myth starts where
science stops. But the recording medium acts as an interface between
science and myth. Every medium opens up a continuum from technology
to magic and back again. Magic is just another name for a future , an as-
yet unknown medium, a logic identified by both Arthur C. Clarke - 'Any
sufficiently advanced technology becomes indistinguishable from magic'
- and Samuel R. Delany: ' At the ma terial level, our technology is
becoming more and more like magiC.' Ra ' s MythScience extends the
technology magic continuum into sound. Concepts cluster into
overlapping MythSciences, into new world systems and parallel
09[161]
cosmologies: 'In fact , I've been talking about the omniverse, and that is
about a multiplicity of universes .'
From Marconi to Tesla to Moog to Ra , electrification opens up a
discontinuum between technology and magic. Why a discontinuum
instead of a continuum? Because alternating current transmits across
gaps and intervals, and not by lineage or inheritance. From now on,
Electronic Music becomes a technology-myth discontinuum. Traditional
Culture works hard to polarize this discontinuum. Music wilfully
collapses it , flagrantly confusing machines with mysticism, systematizing
this critical delirium into information mysteries .
The Composer Is a Tone Scientist
Music is the science of playing human nervous systems, orchestrating
sensory mixes of electric emotions: the music of yourself in dissonance.
Ra hears humans as instruments, sound generators played by the music
they listen to. The tone scientist ' s role is to engineer new humans
through electronics . In his '91 poem I am the Instrument, Ra abstracts
the soundmachine into a social machine: ' I am an instrument. But man is
an instrument too. The people are an instrument .'
The Rudience Is a Medium
The crowd is an instrument played by electronics, and Ra is an
instrument played by the Cosmos. The crowd is synthesized into a new
state by electronics. Sinewaves pass through the medium of the
synthesizer, amplification travels through the Arkestra's instruments,
through the crowd and then back, in an alternating sonotronic circuit.
Dances correspond to constellations , each one a positioning satellite in
a navigational astronomy. The Arkestra is an instrument of tone therapy
that conducts emotional current through audiences.
MaSonic Scientists in the Rrkestral Monastery
Ark + Orchestra = Arkestra. Sun Ra used to tell his tone scientists that
their job was not so much to playas to manipul a te tone colours. They
colorize a new emotional spectrum, program sensations without names.
Discipline is the motor of Space. The Arkestra is an all-male orchestra
run as a Military Monastery: ' When the army wants to build men they
isolate them. It ' s just the case that these are musicians but you might
sa y they're marines. They have t o know everything.'
09[162]
Enterplanetary Koncepts
Ra uses electronics to generate a pantheistic cosmology. Electronics
amplifies the archaic Pythagorean system in which the cosmos is a
correspondence of harmony and number . '72' S Astro Black Mythology is
assembled from transchronic inputs : Egypt , Nubia , Europe.
Machine Genealogist Lewis Mumford presses the Control key on the
Assemblage file: ' Only one thing was needed to assemble and polarize all
the new components of the megamachine: the birth of the Sun God. And
in the 16th C, with Kepler, Tycho Brahe and Copernicus officiating as
accoucheurs, the new Sun God was born.' On the cover of '65' S The
Heliocentric World of Sun Ra Vol 2, next to Copernicus, Galileo, Tycho
Brahe and Kepler, there's an illustration of Ra . By travelling back in time
and inserting himself into the 16th C, Copernican heliocentricity is
turned into European sunworship. Renaissance astronomy becomes a
thriving branch of Egyptian god worship. Egyptian MythSystems abduct
the Christian universe. Their cosmology serves Ra's ends .
Polyrhythmazes
In Pythagorean MythScience, all the spheres harmonize. With Sun Ra , the
polyrhythmaze replace harmony, acting as an astrotherapy to heals the
mind 's internal empires . Cosmic tonemagic is what Rhythim is Rhythim's
Derrick May will later term a kao-tic harmony: a harmony of spears as
much as spheres.
Ionosphere
'72' S Astro Black uses electronics as an aerial to tune into the
ionosphere until the sound spectra of the universe become audible.
Electromagnetic storms, ionospheric disturbance, the doppler shift of
lightning arcing through space, crashing though the geomagnetic field ,
generating white noise; all this Cosmic sound is materialized through the
Moog. Radio transmissions , satellite signals, pulsar frequencies , quasar
emissions , all these transmit through the patch bay of the Moog in an
interstellar tsunami.
Astro Black throws you into the squall and squeal of horns , pitched
so high they turn into emergency sirens, pied piper panic. Bass clarinet
becomes a sinister sidewinder. Bass is bowed into drone textures that
mirror and mutate foghorn flock and bassoon honk.
The polyrhythmaze volatizes the weightless zero of traditional space
music with the perpetual motility and runaway complexity of molecular
09[163]
rhythm. Fields of percussion that distribute the beat into slipsliding
turbulence. This agitation results from rethinking Space as polyrhythm
and paradox. 'Space is a place,' Arkestral trumpeter Phil Cohran argued,
' and you had to think space.'
Engines for RudioTravel
Every instrument is a sound machine which transmits energy.
The Moog oscillates between shortwave static and whale spume,
white noise and meteor showers , NASA test patterns and crashing metal ,
rocket takeoff and squealing string sections. Electronic instruments are
engines for audio travel : the cosmic tone organ, the astro space organ,
the Solar sound organ, the solar piano, the Jupiterian flute .
Percussion is the multi time generator, the rhythmultiplier: solar drum,
cosmic side drum, sky tone drums, dragon drums , thunder drum, spiral
percussion gong, Egyptian sun bells , solar bells, space gong, sun harp.
Percussion scrambles time and transmolecularizes space. Throughout
Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy, percussapella turns into a labyrinth.
Black to Comm
In Adventure Equation, polyrhythm reverberates into a webbed maze, a
treacherous rhythmshower that compels you to supply a stabilizing beat.
Rhythm multiplies and perplexes, confounds the space between sounds
with the shapes of sound. The polyrhythmaze was AutoCatalysed by an
Ampex taperecorder. It drew Thomas 'Bugs ' Hunter, the Arkestra-
recordist-drummer into its shifting sands: 'I was using an old Ampex 601
or 602 model tape recorder . .. What it had was this thing where you could
take the output of the tape you 'd recorded playing back, and feed it into
another input. I was just fooling with it once ... and I got this weird
reverberation. I wasn' t sure what Sun Ra would think of it when he heard
it , I thought he might be mad - but he loved it. It blew his mind! By
working the volume of the output on the playback I could control the
effect, make it fast or slow, drop it out.' In '72'S Space is the Place, an
offscreen voice asks: 'What is the power of your machine?' Jumpcut to
Sun Ra framed against a blue backdrop, as he answers: ' MUSic.'
Calmly, with soft hesitation, an elaboration: 'This music is all part of
another tomorrow. Speaking things of blackness. About the void, the
endless void, the bottomless pit surrounding you. It ' s the music of the
Sun and the Stars. You ' re all instruments . Everybody's supposed to be
playing their part in this vast arkestry of the cosmos. '
10[164]
COSMOLOGY OF
VOLUME
The Cosmic Communications Medium is an Evolution Engine:
Alice Coltrane
The audience for your art hasn't even been born yet
Julian schnabel to Jean /!fiche I Basquiat
'It's like rewriting the Bible! ' For Rashied Ali remixology is blasphemy.
Ali ' s aversion to Alice Coltrane ' s '72 Living Space [Alice Coltrane Remix]
is an index of the reverence petrifying john Coltrane 's reputation and
music, after his death in ' 67, into a single mass of calcified sainthood.
The Sonic is rendered intrinsically ethical , immediately moral.
Remixology is blasphemy for altering the tapes , for derealizing the
realtime of The Song. But the Living Space Remix is nonetheless devout,
a miraculous mosaic of ceremonial strings, an astralized procession of
tamboura drones and chimes. Turbulent tintinnabulation heaves in
waves that part like the Red Sea; harps plume like the spume of sperm
whales off the Galapagos Archipelago; astringent sax squeals like a pig
being skewered.
10[165]
Remixology is Reincarnation
Every Alice Coltrane album intensifies the sanctification process that
john started. For Alice, remixology is not heresy but reincarnation, a
resurrection technique in which sounds are rematerialized as spirits on
tape. '72'S Infinity amplifies a fictional jazz in which john Coltrane is
reborn as Ohnedaruth to play at Alice's celestial spirit-symphony. The
inside-sleeve picture shows a lineup that never existed, electric ghosts
playing phantom jazz in tape space-time. The Sleevenotes are signed by
john, but read as Alice. To look at the front sleeve is to fall through
fractalized stained glass into nested formations of spirals within spirals,
kaleidoscopic iterations as blue as mother sky.
Ohnedaruth [John Coltrane] repaired to a city of
shining radiance situated near a point in space
where stands a mammoth colossus of three worlds
Alice Coltrane
Electric Elevation
Marshall McLuhan: 'Electric channels of information have the effect of
reducing [or elevating) people to the disincarnate status of instant
information. We are transported electronically and bodily.' Like Bruce
Lee, Diana , Elvis, Evita and Malcolm X, 'electric media has literally
translated' Coltrane into a recording angel.
Electric jazz transports Coltrane back to Earth, transmaterializing
him into sonic information. In a process which begins with her '68
Monastic Trio, where john becomes a tranesonic force , Alice uses the
medium of Cosmic jazz to artificially evolve john into a series of Electric
Gods, passing through a succession of new vibrational universes .
10[166)
cosmic energy - atomic, the primary substance
composing matter and spirit
Alice Coltrone
Galactic Tetralogy<>Jazz Deification
In '72'S Lord of Lords, penultimate in her Galactic jazz Tetralogy, Alice
renames him Sri Rama Ohnedaruth, the god whose name means Universe
World Compassion. john is being synthetically spiritualized into a studio
deity: 'Before Ohnedaruth' s initiation where he received the name of Sri
Rama, his astral globule manifested in my being for my use expressly in
music. It is the same container of gross, elementals and cosmic materials
he used while living on earth, which he no longer has a use for now that
he presently moves and works in a finer , lighter ethereal body. '
By Lord of Lords, Coltrane herself has become Turiya Aparna . On the
cover, her head sinks back into a halo of her hair, her face wracked by
the raptures of creation. She' s cloaked in a kaftan that drapes the
studio. The Creator dissolves the ego because his 'embrace is so loving
and the bliss from it so extreme, the human body can in no way
withstand this .. . '
The Coltrane sunship has spacewrecked in interstellar space. On
Andromeda 's Suffering, Alice Coltrane leaves interstellar space behind
for the metagalactic cosmos: 'Andromeda is a supergalaxy in the
Universe whose rays extend two billion times brighter and deeper than
the light from the sun of our solar system. In the metagalactic cosmos ,
mighty Andromeda is the celestial, etheric heart in the great cosmic
Body of the Lord. Inside this magnificent super structure of spiralling
stars, the suffering and sorrows of humanity burn brightly and profusely
everyday, and are deeply felt with the heart of the dear Lord.'
Celestial Orchestration
Though the weakest in the Tetralogy, Lord of Lords has the most lavish
arrangements, Alice conducting a 24-piece string section playing organ,
harp, tympani, celestial strings saturating the soundfield: a visitation
from Stravinsky delivers excerpts from The Firebird.
In '7"S World Galaxy, the second in the Galactic Tetralogy, Alice
Coltrane with Strings transmutes jazz into a celestial symphony. String
arrangements drown you in sensations of the colossal , the archaiC, the
ceremonial. Her guru Swami Satchadinanda narrates Love is a Sacred
Word, introducing her A Love Supreme remix, a 9 min 58 second
10[167)
compression of Cosmic jazz, solar organ feedback, avalanche of harps ,
insinuating tamboura drill , heavy rock drumming and percussion showers.
Galaxy around Oludumare means that the electric energy of
john , . Oludumare is now an electric Sun around whom a galaxy turns.
Galaxy in Turiya and Galaxy in Satchadananda expand the energy of
Alice <> Turiya and the Swami into stars containing galaxies, supernebulae
inside which those galaxies turn.
Transonic Energy Field
In '7"S Universal Consciousness, first in the Galactic jazz Tetralogy, Alice
renames herself Turiya Aparna. On the sleeve she thanks God for her
'extraordinary transonic and atmospherical power which sent forth
illuminating worlds of sound into the aethers of this universe.' Transonic
being the next level up from supersonic, the nearest to the speed of sound.
Here jazz is transmolecularized into a Cosmic music that 'embraces
cosmic thought as an emblem' of what john termed Universal Sound. After
Phase " Coltrane's Energy Music, and Phase 2, his theories of Universal
Sound, Universal Consciousness starts Phase 3 of cosmic thought.
Tamboura Transmitter
To Alice, the tamboura tone ' is reminiscent of spherical harmony' but
heard now, it emits a drone like a powerdrill vibrating inside a high level
radioactive zone. Universal harmony doesn' t tranquilize; it hurts. On Sita
Ram, Tulsi's tamboura is a thin wire of sound inserted through your ears,
a powersaw emitting treble ultra-frequencies, rays of amplified Op Art
like Bridget Riley 's ' 62 Phase.
The inner sleeve shows Alice Coltrane crosslegged, arms extended
in meditation, a human satellite dish ready to receive. Amplified, the
tamboura is a fork that tunes her ensemble into a universe of spherical
harmony. Solarized by designer Philip Melnick, Alice Coltrane is
flooded in yet transmitt ing coronas of blazing light. Her afro burns in a
silver supernova.
10[168]
she is a vector, a further earth exploration
Ameer 8araka
The Conceptechnics of Primaudial Technology
With Alice Coltrane, the jazz composer becomes the electric transmitter .
In her Galactic Tetralogy, recording becomes a primaudial technology.
The cosmos is an infinity of endlessly reverberating vibrations . The
universe begins in sound. Therefore new sound engines can amplify new
universes into resonance. Long-distance telecom systems intensifies
sensations of imminent Revelation. Amplification plus orchestration =
cosmic communications medium. Galactic Jazz is a satellite dish, a
navsat for receiving-transmitting energies . It becomes an Evolution
Engine that masters the maker, that manufactures electronic souls. Each
album crosses a threshold of the transonic, the etheric, the cosmic-
universal , the galactic, the metagalactic.
Ascension into Astro Jazz
Her startling title track Universal Consciousness doesn' t so much update
the archetypal Hollywood 50S score as archaize it even further . Celestial
strings invests the Biblical sublime with a sudden seriousness . Like a
Bronx accent in Bethlehem BC, it anachronizes you. 50S widescreen
Biblical epic pitchbent into Bollywood tones .
Coltrane turns the organ into a solar engine. Her lead instrument is
the organ pedal, generating sheets of feedback, of angels on fire.
The electrified organ floods you in sensations of ceremonial
solemnity, the regal procession of swaying paladins. In Hare Krishna,
Coltrane uses the organ bass pedals until the organ hums like a sublevel
powerstation. Wars of Armageddon generates a tower of dub across
which sheets of distortion shatter, while The Ankh of Amen Ra sustains
solar strata across which fuzz flares and flickers .
On Universal Consciousness, jazz becomes turbulence, stratospheric
organ chords that open a horizon in the ear, stretch the sun line to the
clouds. Violins, harp, percussion are sucked upwards, wrenching the calm
into a perplexing tsunami. Om Allah opens with a My Fair Lady-type violin
duet with bowed bass descents. Coltrane uses organ pedals to sustain a
radioactive bassdrone that peals off into bursts of rapid-ear funk.
Amplification expa nds the spectrum of tra nquility. These rhythms are
brushes in rotary motion, wind chimes, cymbal shimmering intermittence.
10[169]
Cosmic Music Is a Mystic System
On the first release after John' s death, ' 68' s A Monastic Trio, when Alice
immediately renamed him Ohnedaruth the Mystic, jazz disappears into
the acoustic calm of harp, drums and bass on Oceanic Beloved and
Atomic Peace. The cadence and cascades of Atomic Peace are the
aftermath of the roaring squall of The Sun, from John's ' 66 Cosmic Music.
The inside sleeve of the collaborative Cosmic Music shows John
dwarfed against the planet reversed into negative: 'He always felt that
sound was the first manifestation in creation before music,' Coltrane
explained in the Sleevenotes to her ' 68 debut A Monastic Trio. ' He was
doing something from a map he drew - sort of like a globe - taking
scales from it , taking modal things from it. The chart John designed was
a musical one with 12 tones correlating to the 12 zodiacal signs.'
I am looking for a universal sound
John Coltrane
Nuclear Mysticism
For jazz to become a Universal Sound it has to become an elementary
science. By atomizing jazz into sonic matter, the Universal Sound will
harness the impact of splitting atoms . John Coltrane is what Techno
Animal term the Mighty Atom Smasher. On the outside of Cosmic Music
John stares from a blasted globe. The right hand side of Byron Goto's
gatefold sleeve shows him in pensive Thinker mode, surrounded by a
troposphere of mushroom clouds, Martin Luther King, solarized figures
in suits, silver faces reversed like Nagasaki shadows. On the other side is
a polytheistic swastika, combining Buddhist, IslamiC, Christian godheads.
On the back is a solar sphere, it s centre a numinous red. After the
planetary explosion, Monastic Trio' s Atomic Peace is like the hush that
falls on blasted cities , the calm of the razed ruin. Alice forecasts a
Nuclear Sublime: ' I do wish for the day though; when all music, all
phases of music under their various names and forms are transmuted
and sublimed. '
10[170)
Nuclear death gives us back a mythology on the
universal level, it promotes a new humanism founded
on destruction
Sylvere lotringer
Jazz during the Pax Atomica
john Coltrane's '65 Ascension (Version 11 is Atomic Age jazz - a
controlled explosion, an atomic detonation blast sustained and
intensified over 2 sides. As harrowing as the thought of skin flayed alive
by the backdraft of the Nagasaki bomb, it's not so much listened to as
withstood. As A. B. Spellman pointed out, this 'plexus of voices' is
designed 'to empty his audience's spiritual reservoir' until ' your nervous
system has been dissected, overhauled and reassembled.'
At 4 mins into Side 2, sound blocs pulverize each other, massing
energy peaks. In the Sleevenotes to Ascension, Archie Shepp theorised
the breakthrough into a unified energy field: 'Most of the playing is about
energy and sound. Miles was able to create the ensemble effect utilizing
modes. john gave it the dimension of energy and created blocs of sound.'
Blaring sonic matter i s dredged up, driven by cymballic explosions
which level out into the plateau phase of a new psychoaffective state.
Shepp drew an analogy to 'what the action painters do in that it creates
various surfaces of color which push into each other, creates tens ions
and counter tensions, and various fields of energy.'
Turning jazz into Energy Music meant the exploration of ' textures
rather than the making of an organizational unity. You can hear in the
saxophones especially, reaching for sound and an exploration of the
possibilities of sound.'
By doubling all horns, The john Coltrane Orchestra' s 3 tenor saxes, 2
alto saxes, 2 trumpets, 2 basses, drums, piano amplifies jazz into a
sunship powered by the hydraulic engine of lungpower.
As Ben Sidran realized immediately, ' Coltrane's stress on inner
strength on the liner notes of his A Love Supreme album' becomes an
energetics of sound, 'a complex theory of energy playing' conceptualized
by Shepp and Pharoah Sanders.
Ascension's surges, like those on Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz or
Egyptian Empire's The Horn, build towards planes when all the horns
synch in a powersurge, the belching exhaust fumes of a colossal rocket
as it tilts into the air like a vertical city. Energy music entails an
awakening of the world: 'We're taking them with us. We're getting ready
10[171)
to leap off and wake these people up.'
The volume of doubled percussion drew them into energy fields,
draining the spiritual reservoirs Spellman perceived, releasing tension
through counter-tension, flooding the barriers of cool until emotion
gushed. As an Energy Music drummer told Sidran, 'We are getting to the
point where we can make the audience laugh or cry or scream.' Sanders'
music even created an 'energy field' that made the drummer levitate,
feel that he was hovering 'six inches off the floor'. Detonated in the
controlled conditions of your room, Energy Music is a mind, body and
soul bomb that melts down psychic armour.
Kiyoshi Koyama: What would you like to be ten
years from now?
Coltrane: I would like to be a saint
Coltrane Liquid Computer: John Coltrane
Amplification is sacred, the vertical energy of holy noise. As Sidran
observed, ' When john Coltrane was playing, he was praying.' Coltrane
hears jazz as a tonal communication medium. As Sidran realizes, this
implies a new jazz consciousness in which the sax becomes 'an
instrument which can create the initial thought patterns that can change
the thinking of people.'
In '65 Coltrane listens to john Gilmore from the Arkestra, meets Ra,
takes LSD 25 in the Fall. Afterwards he declares: 'I perceived the
interrelationship of all lifeforms,' immediately condensing Manuel De
Landa's explanation of LSD's neurochemical processes: 'When you trip
you liquefy structures in your brain, linguistic structures, intentional
structures. They acquire a less viscous consistency and your brain
becomes a supercomputer. Information rushes into your brain, which
makes you feel like you're having a revelation. But no one is revealing
anything to you. It's just self organizing. It's happening by itself.'
10[172]
volume + LSD = Energy Music
If Sound is Mystery, then Volume is Holy and Noise is a Blessed State. On
John' s '65 Om, this amplified lysergic equation generates Energy Music,
the frequency which Coltrane uses to tune into the Om state: ' Om' is the
Hindu access code to the sonic origin of the universe.
Coltrane's multiphonic overdrive already demanded extrahuman
breath cycles. Om draws breath up from the diaphragm in an auto-
inspiration that turns the body into a human resonating chamber. The
group becomes an Om medium, chanting verses from the Rig Veda: ' And
the offerings made to the Ghosts of the Father, the Mantra , the Clarified
Butter, I am he who awards to each the fruit of his actions, I, the Oblation
and I the flame , I make all things clean, I am Ohm, Ohmm Ohmm.'
O*hm Sweet O*hm
For Coltrane, Om is a serenade to Ohm. The John Coltrane Orchestra is a
sono-spiritual generator, a powerplant transmitting Om power. As his
protege Sanders insisted: 'It is the most powerful word in the universe.
It means God, it means peace, it means the beginning of things. '
Close-miking expands the noise spectrum into the quietude of
meditational jazz, crackling with the instant archaism of primaudial
sound: the transient tones of bell trees , woodblocks, cymballic
sussuration, a desolate calm.
You ' re inside the storm, assailed by screes of SonoMatter.
At 10.30, the Orchestra chant 'Om, Om' in a dazed despair, as if
they' re drowning. At 12.33. eerie sax echoes a Sun Ra tremolo. At 15.07,
lowing sounds: unlocatable texture swoops and tumbles just like the
hornets of a Sun Ra synth tone. Bowing violin, squabbles, building
tension in waves that contract and release until you feel astralized. By
the final chant, all voices are drained, guttural.
The Psychotechnics of Energy Music
With the ' 65 Energy Music Trilogy Om, Ascension and Kule Se Mama,
John Coltrane engineers the Sonic Design for the Afronaut and the
hippie. The PsychoTechnics of Energy music function through the neural
circuit that Ben Sidran diagrammatizes, for how the future feels : 'The
time feeling Coltrane generated created a new kind of tension that did
not resolve at the end of bars or in expected places. This in turn created
new anticipations in the listener and musicians began likening this new
feeling to "freedom".' Tomorrow every Afronaut and every hippie wakes
10[173]
up to a Universal Sound.
Kule Se Mama's drum rolls, percussion rills , brushed cymbals and
bells give a hallowed tintinabulation.
At 13.14, sax plays a 2-note refrain, forlorn and dying. Juno Lewis is
intoning: 'So we sang this meee-Ioooo deee', drawing out vowels,
switching to fictional Central African chants. Sanders and Coltrane
overdrive the tenor sax, hitting a point at 7.55 when the sound blisters,
boils, becomes a giant steam-powered sunship heaving its ghastly bulk
into lift-off.
Bass clarinet insinuates snake tones, as 2 basses sound like echoing
Sun Ra synths . Bassist Art Davis heard more in this metamorphic effect:
'I always thought using two basses sounded like an African water drum,
like the drone effect of an Indian tamboura. Sometimes we' d sound more
like two members of a string quartet than bassists.'
Shooting the Sun with a Miniature Sextant: Pharoah Sanders
Navigational Alignment
With the 30-min doomsday decree of Out of this World from '66's Live in
Seattle and the merciless monotony of Saturn, Mars, Venus and jupiter on
' 67's Interstellar Space, John Coltrane reactivates the predestination of
astrology. Energy MUSic becomes Universal Sound which makes audible
the cosmic order, forehears the masterplan in an act of clairaudience.
Astrological Consciousness
Astrology assumes a human . >cosmic interface, a remote-distance link-up
between human and starsign. Universal Sound needs an operating system
like the chart Coltrane designs , which is ' a musical one with 12 tones
correlating to the 12 zodiacal signs.' Astrology is a remote-distance
prophetic system that collapses past and present, a revived archaic tech
that gives its code operator prophetic capabilities.
Constellations preprogram futures . Sanders ' astrological tracks - Sun
in Aquarius [Part I [j Part 21, Capricorn Rising - induce the sense of vast
planetary bodies moving slowly into fateful conjunction. The Sanders
album leaves the sunship behind to go astral travelling.
For Alice Coltrane and Sanders none of the future, the present and
the past exist. History is immediately swallowed by primaudial time
10(174)
outside chronology. Tomorrow is a moment in a masterplan, a design for
life which the track you play reveals in the present .
Amplitude Allah
Volume is an energetic force , a circuit of spiritual vibration that
channels the universal order, amplifies the cosmic program that operates
the human. In The Creator Has A Master Plan, Sanders is the secretary to
the spirits, the humble transmitter of this energy; in Let Us Go into the
House of the Lord, he ' s the reverential disciple. The prayerful inspiring
breath carries into the Islamasonic prayer of Hum Allah - Hum Allah,
Hum Allah. ' In all ritual song there is that slow beat, trying to call the
Gods ,' a Sanders devotee explains to Val Wilmer. ' There 's no rush. It ' s a
slow process as though one is praying. ' One of Sanders ' group described
him as ' having a halo' when he played.
Zodiac Interface
Jazz becomes an amplified zodiac, an energy generator that lines you up
in a stellar trichotomy of human, sound and starsign. Alice Coltrane and
Sanders are playing in the rhythm of the universe according to star
constellations transposed into rhythms and intervals. Alice 's state of
Universal Consciousness occurs when the electric universe harmonizes
its audience. Electrification, Indian tones and arrangements converge on
jazz until it becomes a cosmic circuit diagram. Astro jazz becomes a
suns hip upon which the composer-starsailor travels .
High Energy state Human
Sun Ra, Alice Coltrane and Pharoah Sanders all generate a new
African <> American subject, the primaudial human. The holy being of
Sanders' Black Unity, of Ra 's Astro Black, of Roland Kirk's Blacknuss and
Black Mystery Has Been Revealed, lives in a world where mental tension
and muscular torsion dissolve in a confluence of high-fidelity faiths . Black
Mystery Has Been Revealed is a mystery drama for tiptoeing bass and tape-
splice: ' AaaHAAa ... The case of the Mystery Black Notes ... that have been
stolen for years and years.' [Strings swirl with the flourish of a curtain
drawn back] 'Just listen ... with all your might. Listen!! ' [Bottle smashes]
Kensington: Kilburn: Northampton: Brook Green: Bethnal Green
November 1st 1995 1):15 - June 1st 1997 01:49
A(175)
MOTION CRPTURE
(I NTE RVI EW)
"AfroFuturism comes from Mark Dery's ' 93 book, but the trajectory starts
with Mark Sinker. In 1992, Sinker starts writing on Black Science Fiction;
that 's because he' s just been to the States and Greg Tate 's been writing a
lot about the interface between science fiction and Black Music. Tate
wrote this review called ' Yo Hermeneutics ' which was a review of David
Toop' s Rap Attack plus a Houston Baker book, and it was one of the first
pieces to layout this science fiction of black technological music right
there. And so anyway Mark went over, spoke to Greg, came back, started
writing on Black Science Fiction. He wrote a big piece in The Wire, a
really early piece on Black Science Fiction in which he posed this
question, asks 'What does it mean to be human?' In other words , Mark
made the correlation between Blade Runner and slavery, between the
idea of alien abduction and the real events of slavery. It was an amazing
thing, because as soon as I read thiS, I thought , my God, it just allows so
many things. You can collapse all of these things ; science fiction and
music, they' re the same. And then from there , it was pretty much out. It
was out - and various people started using it in various ways. And Dery,
through the Greg Tate route, simultaneously started doing it in ' 93, but
he had no idea that there was anyone in London following it.
A[176]
" More Brilliant than the Sun is a number of things. First of all, at its
simplest, it's a study of visions of the future in music from Sun Ra to 4
Hero. One of its big strands is Breakbeat science, and Breakbeat science,
as I see it, is when Grandmaster Flash and OJ Kool Herc and all those
guys isolate the Breakbeat, when they literally go to the moment of a
record where the melody and the harmony drops away and where the
beats and the drum and the bass moves forward. By isolating thiS, they
switched on a kind of electricity, by making the beat portable, by
extracting the beat. I call it Motion Capturing: in films like jurassic Park
and all the big animatronic films, Motion Capture is the device by which
they synthesize and virtualize the human body. They have a guy that's
dancing slowly, and each of his joints are fixed to lights and they map
that onto an interface, and then you've got it. You've literally captured
the motion of a human; now you can proceed to virtualize it. And I think
that's what Flash and the others did with the beat. They grabbed a
potential beat which was always there, by severing it from the funk
engine, by materializing it as actually a portion of vinyl that could be
repeated. They switched on the material potential of the break, which
had been lying dormant for a long time. So I follow that, that isolation
of the Breakbeat through different spheres. Through Grandmaster Flash
and the invention of skratchadelia.
"When scratching first came out people thought it was a gimmick first of
all, then they thought of it as an interesting effect. And then, if you look
in books, when most people talk about skratchadelia, about scratching
on vinyl, they say it's a rhythmic rubbing of the vinyl in a percussive
way, so as to accompany the rest of the song. And they read back vinyl
in terms of some kind of rhythmic process. But actually a rhythmic
process isn't really what's going on. What 's going on is a new textural
effect. There's no parallel to scratching; it never existed before being
used in this incredible way. Scratching is more like a transformation
sequence, more like the audio parallel of The Thing or American
Werewolf, where you see the human transformed into a werewolf, and
just before they finally become a werewolf you suddenly get a glimpse of
the human, then it flashes away again. That ' s what skratchadelia does.
It 's this unstable mix of the voice and the vinyl. It 's this new texture
effect. You could say the voice has phase-shifted into this new sound. So
I follow skratchadelia through Grandmaster Flash into Electro, with
another group called Knights of the Turntable. And I follow it through to
A[177]
Goldie and 4 Hero, speCifically in terms of graffiti , in terms of
Breakbeat ' s involution via Wildstyle. Because Wildstyle is like this
cryptographic language, in which the single letter turns into a
typographic environment that you enter . It's very much a perceptual
gymnastics, looking at Wildstyle. And there's a big interface between
graffiti and the break. Goldie says, ' My beats are sculpted in 40, in 4
dimensions.' And, Similarly, there's this famous graffiti guy called Kaze 2
who back in '89 was already talking about the step beyond Wildstyle.
Wildstyle was 3D, but Kaze 2 was talking about 5 dimensions, he was
talking about Computer Style. He said, ' In my work I do the Computer
Style, I do the 5th-dimensional step-para llel staircase.' This is straight
out of Escher. So I follow Breakbeat science right from this isolation of
the rhythmic DNA right through to its Escherization, right through to its
moment of involution - and then I follow that into Drum'n'Bass where,
of course, because the beats are digitalized, it's information to be
manipulated. I follow Breakbeat science, I follow it to the conclusion of
tracks of people like 4 Hero, specifically Parallel Universe, where I turn
the emphasis and focus on the science in Breakbeat. And the thing I
notice about Breakbeat science, about the way science is used in music
in general , is that science is always used as a science of intensified
sensation. In the classical 2 cultures in mainstream society, science is
still the science that drains the blood of life and leaves everything
vivisected. But in music it's never been like that; as soon as you hear the
word science, you know you're in for an intensification of sensation. In
this way, science then refers to a science of sensory engineering, so
Parallel Universe announces this, when it has titles like Sunspots or
Wrinkles in Time, these are the points where the laws of gravity and the
laws of time and space collapse, and they 're Simultaneously saying
rhythm is about to collapse when you enter these zones. So you've got
someone like Goldie who does Timeless, and Timeless is obviously
referring to simply the infinite loop of the Breakbeat, which Goldie's
trying to tap into.
"Then there' s the synth race, entering the synth race, which is Techno,
the whole interface between the first Detroit guys and what I call the
Import Ear. The guys listening to this stuff coming out of Europe, coming
out of England, listening to the whiteness of the synthesizer and using it
because that sound would make them alien within America. That's the
secret behind all of the early Detroit records. All those guys - Model
=
A[178]
500, Cybotron - they've all got these affected Flock of Seagulls-type
accents. Why do they have this? Because they want to be alien in
America. How do they do this? By singing like white New Romantic
English kids. So it's the idea of white music being exotic to black
American ears. So it's trying to turn the exotic eye back onto the
English, because that's part of the process that happened. Also what
happened, Techno was happening without the registering mark of the UK
media, without the traditional steps in which America comes out with an
original music, and it's usually bastardized in England and Europe and
mixed, remixed, and then sent back. That was reversed; in this case, it
was America bastardizing, taking English music and doing strange things
with it. Hence the famous embarrassment when English journalists would
head over to Detroit to say, 'Where's this music come from?', only to
find out this music had come from where they'd just been, only to find
out that they were the origin. This is the first explicit case where white
music is the origin, and where the black American musicians who are the
adulterators and the bastardizers. So Techno's a complete reversal of the
classic 60S myth of the blues and the Rolling Stones, the entire rock
heritage which starts out with this famous myth of Muddy Waters and
the Rolling Stones. In Techno, you've got an immediate reversal. In
Techno, Kraftwerk is the delta blues, Kraftwerk is where it all starts. In
Techno, Depeche Mode are like Leadbelly. A Flock of Seagulls are like
Blind Lemon Jefferson. So Europe and whiteness generally take the place
of the origin. And Black Americans are synthetic; the key in Techno is to
synthesize yourself into a new American alien. So I look at the synth
race in terms of various developments of that, for instance, there's a
whole Darkside with Detroit which I talk about. And then I go into
Underground Resistance, especially, who've developed an entire war, an
entire military assault, a whole kinaesthetic of war based around the
release of their single. How each single becomes like a missile launched
in war against the programmers.
"But the main point is that I'm trying to bring out what I call the Sonic
Fiction of records, which is the entire series of things which swing into
action as soon as you have music with no words. As soon as you have
music with no words, then everything else becomes more crucial: the
label , the sleeve, the picture on the cover, the picture on the back, the
titles. All these become the jump-off points for your route through the
music. or for the way the music captures you and abducts you into its

A[179]
world. So all these things become really important. So a lot of the main
sources of the book are from Sleevenotes; they're the main thing. A lot
of the book talks about Sleevenote artists. It talks about the guys who
did the covers for those Miles Davis sleeves, this guy Mati Klarwein,
another guy Robert Springett, who did the covers for Herbie Hancock's
early 70S albums. There's different interfaces between different Sonic
Fictions, between the title and the music. Hendrix would say, ' What I'm
doing is a painting in sound. ' And you can say reversely with the
Sleevenotes. The reason the Sleevenote pictures capture you is because
they' re a sounding in paint . If you listen to them, you imagine them as
weird visions conjured up through the music. It's really strange.
"Part of the point is very much to reverse traditional accounts of Black
Music. Traditionally, they've been autobiographical or biographical , or
they've been heavily social and heavily political. My aim is to suspend
all of that, absolutely, and then, in the shock of these absences, you put
in everything else, you put in this huge world opened up by a
microperception of the actual material vinyl. What immediately happens,
in almost all accounts, people immediately look over, they literally look
over the vinyl to whatever transcendent logic they can use, instead of
actually starting with the vinyl. The book is very much a materialization
of this. So I'm looking at all these Sonic Fictions, I'm looking at all the
different levels of science that exist within the material object.
"Motion Capture sounds like a mechanical operation being conducted.
Part of the thing is that all these terms are already familiar to a lot of
us. They constitute an unofficial mythology at the end of the century,
this entire range of Sonic Fictions. There's pretty much a shared
language amongst a whole generation of people. The difference between
the over-40S and the under-40s is a real familiarity with different
data verses or polyverses stacked on top of each other . There's all kind
of fascinating implications, which I want to work out in the book. Things
like the 21st-century nervous system. If you go back to Norman Mailer,
The White Negro, he talks a lot about building a new nervous system.
And then if you read on a bit to Ballard, Ballard often talks about the
conflict between the geometry and posture, the competition between the
animate and the inanimate and the way the inanimate often creeps in
and wins.
A(180)
"To me, it makes complete sense to see action movies in the same
stratum as skratchadelia. There are the same velocities , the same
vectors , the same sounds: the sound of a car as it skids round a corner is
the same sound the wheels of steel make as they ride around. You're
captured, abducted by the same sounds in each. It ' s this fantastic sound
of velocity, as 2 surfaces in friction literally converge and then shoot
apart at fantastic speeds. It ' s an incredible excitement . These things are
happening concurrently - at any moment in time it ' s really easy to see
that's where sonic invention has gone. It's part of being captured by tiny
moments of time, being obsessed with tiny moments of time. Part of
what happens with sampladelia is that you ' ve got a lot of music based on
sampler memory, so that a lot of the hooks , a lot of the music that
abducts you , will have to be 4 seconds or 9 seconds . So there ' s this huge
psychedelia based upon disguising these seconds; it ' s like Mark Sinker
says , finding the universe in a grain of sound - and that's what the
sampler does . There's this huge psychedelia grown up in which you're
able to fall into a universe of sound and it's granular , microphonemes of
sound. In Abbaon Fats Track by Tricky, there 's this woman who whispers
to her kid, 'Can you fly fast as you can to be with Jesus ' - she really
whispers it. That whole sample must last, I dunno, 5, 7 seconds , 8
seconds, II seconds, but there' s something so incredible about it. It
abducts you so much, because you can hear an atmosphere in it, you can
hear an ambience, you can hear levels of foreground within that sample.
You can feel yourself getting abducted by it. So there' s a way in which
the visual really seems to suggest that. Then there' s this whole thing I
was reading by Michel Chion. Chion is a really interesting guy, this
student of Pierre Schaeffer who started by composing musique concrete,
who then became a theorist. So he's the best person on film and sound
ever. Part of my relation to sound is that Chion talks about sound in
film, and I'm only just realising now that a lot of my favourite samples
are from sound in film.
"So sampladelia opens a continuum between visual sound and audio
sound. Visual sound is always feeding in from one to the other. Which is
why I love a lot of film samples . Probably why I love the visual so much
is that it ' s always being grabbed anyway by the music. By extinguishing
the visual output, the music is switching it on elsewhere. It's as if the
eyes start to have ears, as Chion would say. Your ears have had their
optical capacity swi tched on. In a strange way, your ear s tart s t o see.
AI18l)
Chion is saying that each of the senses have the full capacity of all the
others . It's simply that hearing happens to go through the ear, but all the
other senses can go through the ear as well. The ear is meant to hear ,
but it can do all the other things as well , if it was switched on to the
right capacity.
"A similar thing that happens a lot is a big transference to tactility,
which I talk a lot about as well . Whenever sound gets subdermal ,
whenever in Drum ' n' Bass the sound gets very scratchy, with lots of
shakers and rattlers, there' s often a lot of sounds where the percussion
is too distributed, too motile, too mobile for the ear to grasp as a solid
sound. And once the ear stops grasping this as solid sound, the sound
very quickly travels to the skin instead - and the skin starts to hear fo r
you. And whenever the skin starts to hear, that 's where you feel all
creepy crawly, and that's when conduction creeps in, when people say, 'I
felt really cold' , or that the music is really cold: which is because their
skin has dropped maybe a centigrade as the music has hit it , as the beat
has pressed across it . So I follow all those kind of things . I think with
light and sound, there's a stratum across which both elements cross all
the time. They' ve both become versions of a sampladelia. And that
sampladelia, by definition, lets you analogize a lot of things. And not
only does it analogize, it lets you mutate and recombinate.
"Sampladelia is a mandate to recombinate. That ' s what it is, that 's how it
works. You start to realise that when most people try to praise
something, they praise it in terms of something that ' s gone 30, 40 years
ago. You start to see the drags people place on the emergence of the
new, the way people constantly put the brakes on any kind of breaks. So
if I'm reaching for parallels, I'll always try and reach for parallels that
are actually ahead of what I'm suggesting. Hence, don't think of
Breakbeat in terms of some kind of ancient technique which has been
resuscitated. For instance, you see a lot of people saying the Breakbeat
is the African drum, the return of the African drumming sound, but
really it's the other way around. The Breakbeat should be moved
forward. Think of it in terms of a motion-capture device being made on
vinyl, before there was any digital equipment to be made. If he could
have been, Grandmaster Flash would have been a computer designer; if
he 'd been an animator, he' d be doing motion capturing. He's just doing it
on vinyl first .
A[182]
"So these are the kinds of things I tend to look for . It's all about trying
to establish kinaesthesias, because that's really what's happened. I think
with almost all the different varieties of rhythmic psychedelia, there's a
warzone of kinaesthesia been established. There's a sense in which the
nervous system is being reshaped by beats for a new kind of state, for a
new kind of sensory condition. Different parts of your body are actually
at different states of evolution. Your head may well be lagging quite far
behind the rest of your body. In Drum'n'Bass, there's obviously quite a
lot of attention, through dub, to the stepper. There's the idea that the
feet may well be more evolved, and hands obviously, feet and hands.
Terminator X spoke with his hands . Other djs yelled with their hands.
I' ve got this brilliant skratchadelia album called Return of the DJ, put
out by The Bomb magazine in Frisco, and it 's all done by djs, it's a
brilliant album. One guy's done a track called Terrorwrist, so his wrist is
a terror, his wrist sends out terrifying bombs. The idea of a terroristic
wrist action is fantastic. That's a predatory wrist. So you can see in that
the dj has really evolved the hand that sends terror by a flick by the way
it touches vinyl. So I often think that the actual body is at different
stages of evolution. There's a constant war on.
"A lot of mainstream media's main job as what I call a futureshock
absorber is to maintain a homeostasis, maintain traditional and
inherited rules of melody over harmony, beats over rhythm, beats over
melody, to maintain matters in terms of proper music, or true music, or
respectable music - and that ' s always a way in which people try and
hierarchize the body. Part of my big thing is to talk about dance music
simultaneously as a kinaesthetic and a headmusic, because it tends to be
both. As soon as you listen to dance music at home, its repetitiveness
becomes headmusic-Iike. I've never understood why they can' t be, why
they aren't the same thing.
"Part of this thing is that HipHop is headmusic, not stage music, HipHop
never works best on stage. And that ' s because it ' s using all these Sonic
Fictions; so there's a whole kinaesthetic direction, and simultaneously a
head continuum. HipHop even has a term, ' heads', which is more or less
saying that HipHop has its own hippies and progressive music. So I talk
about Cypress Hill, HipHop and its whole drug-tech interface.
Simultaneously, I say that John Coltrane is the first hippie . I look at John

A[183]
Coltrane's last records , records like Cosmic Music, Interstellar Space,
Om. Coltrane famously tripped in ' 65, then did this record Om. Manuel
De Landa has this line, about when you trip you become a liquid
computer, because your brain liquefies, and I think that ' s what happened
to Coltrane in about '65. He starts using 'Om', the Indian chant , and he's
trying to assemble a universal music, and the whole thing about the Om
is that it turns the human into this huge, giant, vibrating powerstation
really. Om is this operation to turn yourself into this energy field. So
you have this late 60S jazz where all these guys were turning themselves
into power generators - and this incredible music that was trying to
bootstrap a universal sound. And it worked. I look at that whole strain
of music, from Coltrane through to Sun Ra, through to Alice Coltrane. A
whole kind of holiness through volume, a holy amplification.
"The reason I don't talk about the literary is that there' s just no need to,
what with thinking about amplification and the sensory environment of
amplification, of loudness in itself, the sensory impact of volume, the
sensory impact of repetition, of broadcasting, all these things . There's so
much to talk about, just at the level of volume, of pressure. There's a
way in which you can directly connect those with everything else. You
can talk about the audio-social and immediately you've connected the
sound to everything else; the literary just never really seems to appear,
except as different kinds of Sonic Fiction. In which case, precisely
because they're on record not in a book, they don't come out as literary,
they come out as more like the difference between reading a paper and
hearing it read out on the news . You get the idea of hearing a voice
coming at you through various channels: just as you never hear the news
directly, you always hear an audio feed , you always hear a voice
transmitted through a whole series of other things before it ever gets to
you. That's what happens to fiction once it gets on vinyl; you hear it
through the studio. So it ' s not literary - the literary doesn't work in that
space at all . Simultaneously, there ' s no need for representation, for the
signifier, or for the text, or for the law. There' s no need for any of that .
"But of course the way to introduce theory is to realise the music is
theorising itself quite well. For example, there's a concept I like called
percussapella, which is percussion and accapella and percussapella is
just the beats on their own. Some dj thought up a term which describes
this sampladelic alloy of percussion going solo, of percussion as an
A[i84)
accapella. And it's just brilliant. So I can use that, and as soon as
music's instrumental, these things suddenly loom into shape and you
start to use them. And there's so many concepts already extant in the
music that all you need do is extract them and use them to build the
machine you want to build, to use them as parts in the giant connection
machine that you want to build. You just hook a concept on and solder it
onto the next concept that you want . So part of the whole drive is very
much written as a book of emergence. It's not a history at all, it's very
enjoyable to resist the urge to history, because, especially in Black
Music, there's a whole drive towards history and tradition and
continuity, and this book is explicitly about the breaks, about the
discontinuum. Marshall McLuhan talks about the twentieth-century
discontinuum. Well, this book is all about the breaks and the cuts.
Inheritance has been extremely overstressed in ideas of Black Music. By
bringing up first the machine then second the actual vinyl , all the
different qualities move between the machines, and become as much
effects of the machines. So this is the idea that the sonic can produce
identities in itself. For example: George Clinton is black but the Star
Child is an alien animatronic figure - it ' s hard to say what colour the
Star Child is, the Star Child is pure animatronic. And part of the book
always looks that way, always looks to see which hallucination the sonic
engenders and then chases that. I never try and collapse the sonic back
into the social, and precisely because this is such an almost unanimous
tendency, I've gone quite far the other way, I've exaggerated it entirely,
When you read someone like Sun Ra , Sun Ra would talk a lot about
cosmic music. And I think in cosmic music, he meant it in the sense of,
What would cosmic music be? It would be the music of the
electromagnetic field, the music of radio transmissions, say, crossing the
electromagnetic field . It would be the music of electrical disturbances,
the atmospheric cosmic disturbances that exist in the sky. And if you
listen to Sun Ra ' s Astra Black, those are exactly the sounds he's making
with his Moog, he' s turning the Moog synthesizer into something like a
circuit which can act as a giant alternating current between the people
listening, the Arkestra and the cosmos itself. The Moog is the amplifier
that directs current in and out. On one hand, there's a very material way
in which he does this because the actual Moogy sounds are really similar
to - if not identical to - the sounds of the cosmos. So it's really
fascinating, because Sun Ra often said, like 'I am an instrument ' and ' the
Arkestra is an instrument'. On one hand, he said the Arkestra were tone
A[i8S)
scientists, sonic scientists; on the other, the Arkestra were his
instruments. So you get this idea of music as this sonic production circuit
through which - as Gilles Deleuze was saying - molecules of a new
people may be planted here or there. That's very much what Sun Ra 's
doing: he's using the Moog to produce a new sonic people. Out of this
circuit , he 's using it to produce the new astro-black American of the 70S.
"So that's absolutely what I do all along. I extend the sonic outwards ,
thereby getting at this feeling of impossibility which this music often
gives you. At its best , any music should strike you with its impossibility,
and its complete evasion of the rules of traditional fidelity to a live
sound. And the way to get at the strangeness of music - rather than to
habitualize that music via any other kind of field - is to exaggerate the
sonic, to use the sonic as a probe into new environments. Because every
new sonic sensation that I can magnify is simultaneously a new sensory
Iifeform. So there's this constant play between the sonic and the sensory,
which become the same thing often. It 's partly a shift between scales.
Often you can open the scale and the sound really wide and then you
disappear into a sound. Often you can shut the scale back up and
withdraw to look at the vinyl, or withdraw to look at the sleeves . There' s
a constant telescoping of perception from very close attention to a
record to pulling back to looking at the vinyl. I think this is new and
fresh. Because vinyl is often ignored. The things most immediately
pleasurable about buying a record are the things which are always
ignored. It's bizarre. So by bringing that to the front the book should be
written with a sense of familiarity. People will take it to their hearts . The
book's been designed to have a very tactile feel, in the same way that
your fingers hunger for a sleeve. When you see a sleeve that you like,
your fingers reach towards it , they can't help themselves, they really
want that. It 's quite obvious that this is what I'm trying to do - every
object is a machine of subjectivity. The record player is , the record is , the
book is. I simply want my book to become a machine for producing
subjectivity. It should be a machine for putting music together.
"In the last ten, 20 years, there's been no gap between SCience, art and
music, they all form the same thing. It 's simply that at anyone time
things tend to be blocked, and when you have moments of rhythmic
psychedelia, it ' s easy to see what can be dislodged and brought out and
made into connection machines with other things. And other times,
A[186]
things seize up. Breakbeat has opened various retroactive chapters.
Similarly the breakdown of the longheld notion that Techno' s origin
point is Kraftwerk means that people can zip between the 70S and the
90S in a much freer way, move between Krautrock, say, and Herbie
Hancock. There's a certain openness in music.
"The key thing to do now is to move into a new field. I've stopped calling
myself a writer : for the book I'm just going to call myself a concept
engineer. That makes the whole thing much fresher, much more exciting
and much less known about. Because that ' s what I'm really doing. I'm
engineering, grasping fictions , grasping concepts, grasping hallucinations
from my own area and translating them into another one, mixing them,
and seeing where we go with them. I use these different concepts to
probe new areas of experience, to anticipate and fastforward different
explorations into new fields of perceptions which are always there, but
whose strength lies in that they don't exist in traditional mainstream
terms. Traditional mainstream terms are still completely bound up with
the literary, and the 2 cultures - and thank God for that, because that
means that they can't get in on what's going on. Which is just this
sudden glance at the end of the century. I've renamed all the
instruments: I' ve renamed the synthesizer the Sonotron. lannis Xenakis
called the synthesizer the Sonotron in his book. That ' s perfect because
Sonotron just sounds like a superhero comic, so a convergence of sound
into ballistics. And the drum machine should be renamed what it actually
is: a rhythm synthesizer. I call this problem [rlearview hearing. The drum
machine isn 't a drum machine. It ' s pulses and signals synthesized into
new pulses and new signals. There are no drums in it . That was a weird
thing that confused me for years and years, until I worked it out . You'd
listen and they'd sound utterly different from drums. The movement
from funk to drum machines is an extremely incredible one: people's
whole rhythmic perception changed overnight. And people of course
pretended that nothing had happened, but it was a major shift , hearing
bleeps and signals and different kinds of alternating current as sound. It
was a huge shift . In a similar sense Edgard Varese called the drum
machine a rhythm synthesizer, and that ' s a good way to describe it . So
all those kind of things, all those concepts, make a sense that the
mainstream is just completely incapable of really grasping at all.
"There really is a sensory involution away from traditions, and from

A[i8?]
whatever the divisions of art as supposed to be. It's very much like Sadie
Plant says , it's not high or low, it's just complex, because it has so many
travelling and spiralling arms that you can hook onto. This is why when
the Americans lament about the virtualization of the body, it just seems
bizarre, because it feels like we' re doing the opposite, it feels like we're
just beginning on this journey into the centre of our senses. It seems the
opposite: science always means a hypersensoriness. Traditional science
still means a depletion, cold scientists, extreme logic and all these corny
cliches. But in musical terms , science is the opposite, science is
intensification, more sensation. Science is rhythm intensified, rhythm
estranged. And that's how a whole generation understands science. Then
what they mean by abstract is sensations so new there isn't yet a language
for them. So the shorthand is to just call it abstract. There's a whole
generation who're grown used to thinking of sensory emotions without
having a language for them yet. Rhythmic psychedelia's the psychedelic
aspect of any particular scene. So it could be anything: from House to
trance, to Breakbeat to jazz, it could be any scene - but I'm interested in
the rhythmic psychedelia aspect of each scene, not the scene itself. I'm
interested in the points of maximum rhythmic hyperdelia, that's what I' m
really interested in. So it could be any of these ...
"Postmodernism doesn't mean anything in music at all. It doesn't mean
anything. It hasn't meant anything since at least '68, when the first
Versions started coming out of Jamaica. As soon as you had the
particular social condition of no copyright, this 19th-century copyright
was already gone, instantly you had the freedom to replicate, to
recombinate. That encouraged a Wild style of rhythms which would
attach themselves and recombinate. And as soon as you had that , that's
postmodernism accomplished and done with, right then in '68. Ever
since then by definition you've had postmodernism and it hasn ' t been
any big deal at all , it ' s just already been accomplished. For instance,
Walter Benjamin'S traditional 'The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical
Reproduction' : this argument doesn't work any more - because one of
Benjamin'S main points [or the one his admirers use over and over againl
is that in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction there's no aura left, the
single, unique aura has gone. But of course as soon as you have the
dubplate then that ' s all gone out of the window. The dub plate is where
you ' ve got the reproductive process, the mechanical process of pressing
vinyl onto the plate that's being played, and suddenly in the middle of
A[188)
that you've got the one-off remix , you' ve got the track that there' s only
one of in the world, but it ' s not an original , it' s a copy, a third copy. So
you' ve got this thing that ' s never supposed to exist in Benjamin' s world:
you've got the one-off copy, you' ve got the one-off fifth remix, you' ve
got the one-off tenth remix, you've got the one-off twentieth remix.
There' s only one of it. So the dubplate means that the whole idea of the
aura being over doesn' t make any sense, because the aura is reborn in
the middle of the industrial reproduction. Hence the jungle acceleration,
the intensification of the dub plate; the dub plate is reborn as this Music
of the Future. You're hearing music that won' t be on the streets till ten
months, II months later, immediately this gap opens up between you and
now in 1996: you suddenly imagine yourself in '97, going ' Where will I be
when I buy this?' - and of course you never will, but listening to a dub
plate does this little projection on you . You feel yourself 18 months
ahead, you literally feel ahead, you' re on a plane of acceleration, you' re
moving faster than you are. So for that reason alone postmodernism just
hasn' t existed and as soon as you have a state of remixology - well ,
what happened is that remixology got held up in different areas. In jazz,
for instance, you had Alice Coltrane remixing John Coltrane, but jazz
tradition hated this and said it was blasphemy. You had the Beach Boys
remixing their stuff and it being refused. So in the major corporations
remixology was always stopped, and in Jamaica remixology just became
the immediate state of play, first of all because it's simultaneously
hyperpredatory as well , it allows a kind of agglomeration of rhythms, a
ruthlessness of rhythms , a break war , what jungle producer Andy C calls
a break war. People bid for breaks, or just steal them. There's this wild
frontier, this wild break war going on, rhythms just going mad. So we're
far beyond postmodernism here, and immediately all the traditional
arguments drop out of the window. The idea of exhaustion, for example
that ' s just gone, because music doesn' t work in that way. It's already a
gene pool , so it ' s not going to exhaust itself.
"And then a whole series of things - the idea of quotation and citation,
the idea of ironic distance, that doesn' t work, that ' s far too literary.
That assumes a distance which by definition volume overcomes. There is
no distance with volume, you' re swallowed up by sound. There' s no
room, you can' t be ironic if you' re being swallowed by volume, and
volume is overwhelming you. It ' s impossible to stay ironic, so all the
implications of postmodernism go out of the window. Not only i s it the
A[189)
literary that 's useless, all traditional theory is pointless. All that works
is the sonic plus the machine that you' re bUilding. So you can bring back
any of these particular theoretical tools if you like, but they better
work. And the way you can test them out is to actually play the records.
That's how you test if my book works, because I want it to be a machine.
When I say works, I mean I want it to engineer a kind of sensory
alteration, some kind of perceptual disturbance. I think I ' d really like
that very much, because even a tiny sensory disturbance is enough to
send out a signal which can get transmitted.
"I think the combination of the dj and the writer makes a lot of sense. I
think that both are different kinds of remixology at work, and that all
we' re really doing is bringing writing and putting it onto the second deck
and just accelerating it as much as a record. I think because so much
traditional Brit prose is so matey, and so blokish, and so bluff and no-
nonsense, that encourages me in always going for the impossible, which
can be registered as what the future feels like as sensation. That's why
the key things in this book are McLuhan and Ballard, the guys I was
reading throughout . McLuhan's famous lines about the human being the
sex organs for the machine world, those lines are crucial. The Kraftwerk
chapter is all about Kraftwerk as the sex organs of the synthesizer.
"The whole series of things about aCCidents, about bugs, about the
producer being someone who can nurture a bug, who can breed a bug.
Simultaneously most of the key musics have been accidents, they' ve
been formed through errors. They ' re software errors in the machine's
programming, and they form these sounds - and the producer's taken
these sounds and nurtured this error, built on this mistake, and if you
grab a mistake you've got a new audio lifeform. It 's quite common: back
with Can in the 70S, Holger Czukay was saying machines have a lifeform,
repetition is the life of machines. So there's a whole thing about
machine life that already exists with musicians anyway. Producers have
already started working out a theory of machine life. As soon as you
look at what they've been saying - magnify it , and start to use it - you
realise that there's this series of Sonic Fictions and scientific
fabulations, all of which I just call Sonic Fictions. There's 20 years of
speculation on the machine as a Ii feform. There's 20 years of music as
cosmic fields, so what I'm doing is using this stuff, activating it,
switching it on. That way the whole book feels alive: by using a lot of
A[190]
producers who are living now and connecting them up to ones in the
past , you switch on the sonic, you switch on a whole sonic register , a
whole unofficial register. Nobody quotes Lee Perry as an authority, it's
always the grotesque thing of Heidegger and then George Clinton, it ' s
never the other way around. But it was Clinton that came up with
mixadelics: the theory of mixology as a psychedelia, the theory of the
mixing desk as a psychedelia. In 1979, there it is, mixadelics. That's his
concept : he thought of a psychedelia of the mixing desk. So you don't
need any Heidegger, because Clinton's already theoretical. So what I've
done is extract these concepts and set them to work: they work because
they' re tied to records . And that's because the vector that a lot of this
works on is the record player . It 's the habitualness, you have to look at
yourself as a machine programmed, as a biocomputer programmed by the
decks. The motions you have to make to put a needle onto the record as
the flight of the stylus takes across the groove: think of the hundreds of
thousands of times that you've made that motion, the habitualness of
putting it on. Here's a way to see this very clearly, for instance: when
you' re listening to a rare groove original, say there's a track you know
really well , and you' re listening for the first time to the original of it.
You suddenly realise that the bit you know is only a tiny bit , just like a
3-second bit , and then the record just plunges, usually, into a
disappointing mediocrity, before the next sound that you recognize
comes up, and then it plunges again, before the next bit comes up.
Sometimes with Parliament tracks you can hear about 5 of these in the
first 2 minutes, and these bits, they recognize you, because what they ' re
doing is recognizing your habitualness in putting them on. When you
hear a sound, you have a memory flash, but you almost have a muscular
memory, you remember the times you danced to it. You don' t just
remember the times you danced to it, you remember the times you bent
over to put the needle on the record to play that bit . Sometimes you
l ove that bit so much, you even remember going over and over and over
that bit again. So when you hear that sound that you love, when you
hear the recognizable sample in the middle of alien sound, that sound is
recognizing your habitualness, and it ' s really incredible, you suddenly
get a glimpse of yourself as a habitform, as a habitformed being, a
process of habit formation. You suddenly see yourself over the years,
how you loved this record. It ' s incredible, the sound takes a picture of
your habits; it snaps your habits. And you suddenly see it very clearly.
How many times have I put that on? That's what I want to get at. These

A[191]
are new sensations which have never existed before, that feeling of
being recognized by sound. That 's new, it hasn' t happened before. By
definition, it could only happen in the sampladelic generation; by
definition it could only happen to people who listen to sampladelic
music. And those kind of things just haven't been written about, they
haven't even been captured yet .
"So by extending the sonic further and further, I ' m on the hunt, I'm
chasing for, I ' m trying to find out new perceptions: perceptions that have
always been there, but haven' t yet been grasped and haven' t yet been
connected to anything else yet. It ' s this exploration into the unknown.
"By now, I've stopped saying ' Black culture'. There' s always been a much
stronger perception in America of black culture and that's obviously
partly because it's been counter-defined against the traditional
knowledge apartheid structure which has been in place in America. And
you can tell almost all American writers are working against this
knowledge apartheid, which has been really firmly laid out. After all,
everybody should know that most black Americans couldn' t even get to
art school until about 1969. That ' s how severe American apartheid was,
from the knowledge structure on down. So most black Americans write in
a way that assumes a unified black culture, then goes on to explain the
dissensions between it, or not to. But sitting here in England, in London,
it 's much harder for me to even assume a unified anything, let alone a
unified black culture. I tend to start from the opposite. I tend to think of
things more freefloating, and there's various strange attractors trying to
agglomerate things, there's various inertia-producing forces which are
trying to centre, and trying to attract material to black culture, petrify
it , solidify it, reterritorialize it, and then usually this gets called
tradition, or it gets called history.
"I look at black culture much more as a series of material that 's been
agglomerated on one hand, and on the other , it ' s much more like a series
of techniques. A lot of the producers and engineers I talk about see
themselves as scientists or technicians. I tend to think of black culture
then as an instrument or an environment that they've invented. I'm very
much looking into the synthesizings, looking into new black synthetic
versions. I can never think of a unified black culture out of which
everything comes. To me everything now looks like it's synthesized.
A[192]
There ' s obviously stuff that's been around long enough so that it feels
solidified, calcified, but actually it's all synthesized. Because I'm looking
at emergences , and by definition they' re going to be really synthetic,
like Techno. Because I bring the machine into it. It makes things much
more complex because instead of talking about black culture, I'll talk for
instance a lot about Ghanaian drum choirs, or talk a lot about the
African polyrhythmic engine, the polyrhythmic percussion engine. And
those will be very particular African traits. Sound is a sensory
technology, so I talk a lot about black technologies. They're machines -
and if we're talking about 19th or 18th century Africa , then they ' d be
machines built a long time ago and passed down. But in the present , it's
more like black culture is this series of machines built here and there.
The dub plate was one, built in Jamaica . The Breakbeat was another,
built in New York.
"I haven' t yet pulled back to make commanding statements about what it
is in black culture that produces these kind of synthetic technologies . I
haven' t yet been able to pull back a stratum to the big what-if question.
And that's probably because I don ' t think it really exists, because I'm so
consumed and amazed by the teeming variety at the other end of the
telescope that I can't pull back to see the view. Probably because I
distrust the idea that there' s views , but it would be more like a shift in
tempo or scale. So shifting to a horizon view then switching back. But it
could be that, one large thing Greg used to say which worked really well ,
was that the Middle Passage, out of Africa into America, forced culture
to become immediately mental. All of the other things were by definition
left behind, left ruined: architecture, everything else. So culture
immediately became mental, immediately became dematerialized. So oral
culture is all the things you carry in your head, and that's it. And then it
has to be rematerialized, first through hitting the hands, or through the
mouth. It had to be passed on again, and reinvented all over again. So
there' s that whole strain. And there' s the key thing which drew me into
all this : the idea of alien abduction, the idea of slavery as an alien
abduction which means that we' ve all been living in an alien-nation
since the 18th century. And I definitely agree with that , I definitely use
that a lot . The mutation of African male and female slaves in the 18th
century into what became negro, and into the entire series of humans
that were designed in America . That whole process , the key thing behind
it all is that in America none of these humans were designated human.
A[193]
It ' s in music that you get this sense that most African-Americans owe
nothing to the status of the human. African-Americans still had to
protest , still had to riot, to be judged Enlightenment humans in the
1960s - it's quite incredible. And in music, if you listen to guys like Sun
Ra - I call them the despots, Ra , Rammellzee and Mad Mike - part of the
whole thing about being an African-American alien musician, is that
there' s this sense of the human as being a really pointless and
treacherous category, a category which has never meant anything to
African-Americans . This is particularly true with Sun Ra - just because
Ra pushes it by saying that he comes from Saturn. I always accept the
impossibility of this . I always start with that, where most people would
try and claim it was an allegory. But it isn ' t an allegory: he really did
come from Saturn. I try to exaggerate that impossibility, until it ' s
irritating, until it ' s annoying, and this annoyance is merely a threshold
being crossed in the readers' heads, and once they unseize, unclench
their sensorium, they ' ll have passed through a new threshold and they'll
be in my world. I'll have got them. The key thing to do is to register this
annoyance, because a lot of the moves I' ve described will provoke real
annoyance , the lack of the literary, the lack of the modernist, the lack of
the postmodern. All of these things should provoke a real irritation, and
simultaneously a real relief, a relief that somebody has left all stuff
behind, and started from the pleasure principle, started from the
materials, started from what really gives people pleasure."
First published in the Abstract Culture Series as Motion Capture,
by the CybernetiC Culture Research Uni t, 1996, Warwick University.
A[194]
Note:
B[195]
ASSEMBLING THE
CONNECTION MACHINE
Books sampled are cited by author and date, and l isted in DataMining the Info verse.
Records, sleeves, posters and other artworks are cited by artist and date and listed at the
end of each chapter-section.
Track titles, where relevant, are l isted t hus, "Ultramagnetic MCs: Brainiac; Smoking Dust
from The Basement Tapes, Tuff City Records, 1996", and named in brackets after the
citation when helpful : e.g. "'combinating elements', Ul t r amagnetic MCs, 1996 (Brainiac)" .
Films are cited by tit l e and listed alphabetically at the end of each chapter section, as
video releases ("NCA" • "not current l y avai lable on video rel ease").
Magazine citations are given in full the first time, then subsequently by artist, author and
date, thus: "Tricky in Gavin Martin, NME, 28 Oct 1995" subsequentl y becomes "Tricky,
Martin, Oct 1995".
[-015] ' Its mission is . .', On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life from Nietzsche,
1983, pl21
Thoughtware: operating System for the Redesign of Sonic Reality
[-006] 't he rhizomorphic, fractal structure of the transcultural , international formation
that I ca ll the Black Atlantic,' Gilroy, 1993, P4
[-00,'1 ' MythScience', from track titl e The Myth-Science Approach, Sun Ra, 1970; ' Science
and technol ogy .. .', Virilio, 1983a, p62
[-002] 'talks very happily .. .', Sadie Pl ant , Matthew Fuller, Alien Underground Version 0 . 1,
Spring 1995; 'anti plague', Reed, 1978, p6
, Sun Ra: The Myth-Science Approach from It 's After the End of the World, MPS, 1970
8[196]
Thoughtware: World 4: Mutantextures of Jazz
[002] 'The tape was .. .', George Russell , Sl eevenotes to Russell, 1980
[003] 'panstylistic el ectronic tape .. .', Russell , Sleevenotes to Russell , 1985a; 'There are
three .. .', Russell, Sl eevenotes to Russell , 1980
[004] 'The thing t hat sounds .. .' , Russell , Sleevenotes to Russell , 1980; The voices heard .. .' ,
Russel l , Sleeve notes to Russell, 1985a; ' An African lute .. .', Russell , Sl eevenotes to Russell, 1980
[005] 'The old Norwegian .. .', Russel l, ibid; ' I wanted to reflect .. .', Russell, Sleevenotes to
Russell, 1985a; ' In the African .. .', Russell , Sleevenotes to Russell, 1985b; 'Music is
archi tecture .. .', Russell , ibid
[006] 'one machine's input .. .' , Kel l y, 1994, Pl76
[007] 'becoming a fearful. . .' , R. Murray Schafer, Radical Radio in Strauss, 1993, P292;
'audiomaze', from track title Audiomaze, Gachet, 1995
[008] 'By the ali en .. .', Kelly, 1994, P173; ' massively parallel bioengineered .. .' , ibid, pl83
[009] 'the ali en power .. .', Kell y, 1994, P173; 'But when she .. .' , Tuotola, 1990, p163; 'It is the
entire globe .. .', Mati Klarwein in joel Lewis, The Wire, Dec 1994
[010] 'Yesternow', from track title Yesternow, Davis, 1970b; 'You're tal king about . .' , Sarah
Connor in The Terminator; 'collapsar' , Haldeman, 1977, P7, p18, p83
[011] 'Everything is el ectrified .. .' , jimi Hendrix in Boot Ei Salewi cz, 1995, P237;
' syntharmonic', Patrick Gleason in Sleevenotes, White, 1975
, Mil es Davis, Bitches Brew, CBS, 1970a
, Miles Davis: Yesternow from A Tribute to jack johnson, Columbi a, 1970b
, Miles Davis: He Loved Him Madly from Get up with It, Co lumbia Records, 1974
, Miles Davis, Agharta, CBS, 1975
, Miles Davis: Gondwana from Pangaea, Columbia Records, 1975
, Miles Davis, Dark Magus, Columbia, 1975
, Dr S. Gachet, Audiomaze, Labello Bl anco, 1995
• Herbie Hancock: Hornets from Sextant, Columbia Records, 1973
• Herbie Hancock: You ' ll Know When You Get There from Mwandishi, Warner Bros, 1971
• Herbie Hancock, Crossings, Warner Bros, 1972
• Herbie Hancock, Headhunters, Columbia, 1973
• Herbie Hancock: Nobu from Realization, Columbia, 1974
• jimi Hendrix: And the Gods Made Love from Electric Ladyland, Polydor, 1968
• George Russell, Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature (1980), Soul Note, 1980
• George Russell, Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature (1968), Soul Note, 1985a
• George Russell, The African Game, Blue Note, 1985b
• Lenny White, Venusian Summer, Nemperor Records, 1975
• Gunter Kaiser, The Medusa Head, Poster Art, 1969
• Mati Kl arwein, Sleeve Art to Bitches Brew, CBS, 1970
• Robert Springett, Sleeve Art to Sextant, Columbia, 1973; to Crossings, Warner Bros, 1972;
to Thrust, CBS, 1974
• Tadanoori Yokoo, Sleeve Art to Agharta, CBS, 1975
• II Deserto Russo, Michaelangelo Antonioni , 1964, NCA
· The Terminator, james Cameron, 1984, 4 Front Video
8[197]
Thoughtware: Transmaterializing the Breakbeat
[013] 'The discovery or. . .', Kar lheinz Stockhausen in Cott, 1974, P37; ' After I took
Grandmaster Flash in Toop, 1982, pl28
[014] 'Turntabl e Terranova' , The Mighty Upsetter, Sleevenote Manifesto to The Mighty
Upsetter, 1975; 'omnigenre: I understood that HipHop was an amal gamation of all forms of
music .. .' , Dj Shadow in Matt Chicone, Rap Pages, Oct 1996; 'The Incredibl e Bongo Band
Grandmaster Fl ash, Toop, 1982, P72; 'in a mythical battle' , ibid, p128; 'the fantasy level',
ibid, Pl2S
[015] 'skr atchadeli a', from track title Skratchadelikizm, Sonz of A Loop da Loop Era, 1993
[017] 'Grandmaster cuts faster .. .' , George, 1992, P73; 'I was li ke .. .' , Grandmaster Flash in
Dan Keeling, Melody Maker, june 29, 1996; ' My mind ai n't .. .', New Kingdom, 1996; 'The
record does what.. .', Ice T in Mike Barnes, The Wire, july 1996; 'Leave that shit
Grandmaster Flash, Toop, 1982, Pl 30
[018] 'Doing Bring the .. . ', Chuck D, Sl eevenotes to Terminator X, 1991
[019] 'Given four film .. .' , j ohn Cage, The Future of Music: Credo in Kostel anetz, 1970, P54;
' I could take .. .', Marley Marl in Rose, 1994, P79; ' I wanted to .. .', Mar l ey Marl , ibid, P79
[020] 'sudden multiplication of .. .' , Viri l io, 1991, P72
[021] ' turntabilization' , from al bum title Strictly Turntabilized, Dj Krush, 1995
[023] 'Mars needs' , Double Dee Ei Steinski, 1984
• john Cage, Imaginary Landscape No I (1937), Hat Art
• Chic, Good Times, At l antic, 1979
• Dj Krush, Strictly Turntabilized, Mo Wax, 1995
• Dj Zinc, Supersharp Shooter Remix, Ganja Records, 1996
• Double Dee Ei Steinski, Lesson 3, Tommy Boy, 1984
• Eric B Ei Rakim: I Know You Got Soul from Paid in Full , 4th Ei Broadway, 1986
• Grandmaster Flash Ei the Furious Five: The Amazing Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on
the Wheels of Steel , Sugarhi ll , 198 1
• Grand Wizard Theodore: Can I get a Soul Clap from Old School Butter, Tuff City Records, 1997
• The Hellers, Si ngers, Talkers, Players, Swingers and Doers, 1968, l abel unknown
• The Incredible Bongo Band: Bongo Rock from Return to Bongo Mania, 1973, MGM
• Bob james: Take Me to the Mardi Gras from Bob james Two, Columbia, 1975
• The Knights of the Turntable, Fresh Mess / .. jam your Radiol, jDC Records, 1985
• Kra f twerk, Trans·Europe Express, Capitol , 1985
• Mantronix: Electronic Energy Of. .. from Music Madness, Virgin, 1986
• Mantronix: Loop Z; Loop 3; Loop 7 from King of the Beats, EM I, 1988
• Marley Marl , Marl ey Marl Scratch, Nia Records, 1985
• The Mighty Upsetter, Kung Fu Meets the Dragon, justice League, 1975
• New Kingdom: Animal from Paradise Don 't Come Cheap, Gee Street, 1996
• Phuture, Acid Tracks, Trax , 1987
• Public Enemy, Bring the Noise, Def jam, 1989
• Queen, Another One Bites the Dust, EMI, 1981
• Sonz of A Loop da Loop Era: Skratchadelikizm from Flowers in My Garden, Suburban Base, 1993
• Spoonie Gee Ei The Sequence, Monster jam, Sugarhi ll , 1981
• Terminator X, Terminator X and the Valley of the jeep Beats, Def jam, 1991
• Thin Lizzy: johnny the Fox meets jimmy the Weed from johnny the Fox, Vertigo, 1976
m
8(198)
· 3D/ Robert Del Naja. Sleeve Art to Headz 2. Mo Wax. 1996
· The Winstons: Amen Brother from Ultimate Breaks and Beats, Volume 2. Street Beat
Records, 1986
· Flash Gordon. Michael Hodges. 1980. BMG Video
Thoughtware: Sampladelia of the Breakbeat
[025J 'building molecules on .. .'. Ultramagnetic MCs. 1996
[026J ' We' re opening the magneti c field' , Critical Beatdown, 1987; ' the auditory canals
are .. .', Ultramagnetic MCs. 1987; ' elevating a physicaL . .'. ibid; 'ultrapower flowing' . Four
Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1993; ' AII elements converge .. .', Ultramagnetic MCs. 1996;
' inhabitants disappear through .. .'. Ultramagnetic MCs. 1996 (Smoking Dust>; ' wires leaking
with .. .'. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. 1993 (Bring it)
[027] ' hypothetical basic mechanisms', Ultramagnetic MCs. 1987; ' Iike a Commodore .. .'.
ibid; 'rhymes in my .. .', Critical Beatdown. 1987 (Ain 't it); ' combinating elements',
Ultra magnetic MCs. 1996 (Brainiac) ; 'On vocab. connect .. .'. Critical Beatdown. 1987 (When I
Burn) ; ' fuel ignite blood'. Ultramagnetic MCs. 1996 (Brainiac)
[028J ' power ignites the .. .', Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1993 (Bring it) ; 'Artemis
Level 4', ibid; ' I Get a Warp .. .'. Ultramagnetic MCs. 1996 (Smoking Dust) ;
'I'litakeyourbraintoanotherdimension .. .'. Ultramagnetic MCs. Critical Breakdown. 1987
(Critical Beatdown) .. The Prodigy, 1992; 'truly confuse as .... Ultramagnetic MCs. 1987;
' advancing technical'. ibid
[029J 'charging energy at .. .', Ultramagnetic MCs. 1996 (Brainiac) ; ' boosting crystalloids
.. .'as, ibid; 'cybotron. completely on .. .' ibid; 'To survive we must .. .'. Cybotron. Sleevenote
Manifesto to Cybotron. 1985; ' What is an .. .'. Rammellzee in Malu Halaza. Soul Underground.
Summer 1988; 'your common and .. .'. Sunz of Man, 1995b; 'Science and technology .. .',
Virilio. 1983a. p62; ' Astro Black is .. .' , Sun Ra in Lock. 1994. Pl48
[030J 'Turntable Terranova', The Mighty Upsetter. Sleevenote Manifesto to The Mighty
Upsetter. 1975; 'I'm here to .. .'. Eric B & Rakim. 1988; ' Graffiti is not .. .'. Bando in Chalfont &
Prigoff. 1987, P72; 'Graffiti is a .. .', Rammellzee. Malu Halaza. 1988
[031J 'Wildstyle is totally ... , Fab S Freddy in Gablik. 1982. P7z; ' ballet of postures .. .'.
McLuhan. 1962. p61; ' I make letters .. .', Bando, Chalfont & Prigoff, 1987. p 71 ; 'You have
the .. .'. Rammellzee. Ikonoklast Panzeri sm Manifesto in Beat Culture. Artforum, 1985,
quoted in Tat e. 1992. P155; 'Their sound is .. .'. Rammellzee. ibid, PIS5; 'a constellation of
Mailer, 1970, Pl49
[032J 'a mathematician and .. .' . Rammellzee, 1987; ' builds weapons for . .' . ibid; 'The Romans
stole .. .', Rammellzee, The Movement of the Letter: The Polishing of the Equation
Rammellzee in Dery, 1993. P739; ' means symbol destroyer .. .', Rammellzee. Tate, 1992. Pl5S
[033J 'on Aerodynamics and .. .'. Rammellzee & Shock Dell . 1987; ' But we want .. .', ibid; 'All
formation and .. .', ibid; ' As the Interrogator .. .' . ibid; 'In a war .. .', Rammellzee. 1992. Pl4S115S
[034J ' Wrath of the .. .', from track title Wrath of the Math. Jeru the Damajaa. 1996; ' The
infinity sign .. .' . Rammellzee, Tate. 1992. P155; 'The 4 integers .. .'. Rammellzee & Shock Dell ,
1987; 'The effective mathematician .. .', Wiener . 1989. p xi
[035J ' Mental Machine', Electrifying Mojo. from title of The Mental Machine: a Book Opera.
Electrifying Mojo. 1993. J Stone Audio Books. 1993; 'You must talk .. .' , Rammellzee & Shock
1
8(199)
Dell. 1987; ' Only he has .. .'. ibid; ' You hold the .. .' . ibid; 'You have just gotten .. .'. ibid
[036J ' We want you .. .'. ibid; ' Sometimes I don'!. . .' . Kool Keith in Andre Daniel . True
Magazine, July 1996; 'Space is my .. .'. Dr Octagon. 1996 (Earth People)
[038J 'I study and .. .' , Kool Keith " Dr Octagon in Dave Tompkins, Rap Pages, July 1996;
' When he says ... , Dr Octagon, Tompkins, July. 1996; 'The forms of. . .', Felix Guattari ,
Chaosmosis, Power Publications. 1995, P36; ' el evation'. Dr Octagon. July. Tompkins, 1996;
' new terms .. .'. ibid; 'advance technical' Kool Keith · , Dr Octagon, Tompkins, July 1996;
'program one and .. .'. Dr Octagon. 1996 (3000)
[039J 'I'll take a .. .' , ibid (Blue Flowers) ; ' It ' s like if. . .', Dr Octagon. Tompkins, july, 1996;
' Dr Octagon was .. .'. ibid; ' Haloes were found .. .', ibid; ' I see it .. .' Keith · . Daniel . july 1996
[040J 'Vanishing victims kep!. . .', Dr Octagon, 1996 (Dr Octagon); ' Megatron. Rejuvenate .. .'.
ibid (No Awareness) ; ' Galaxy Rays powerful! ', ibid (Raise It Up); ' Controlled by gamma
lights .. .'. ibid (Earth People) ; ' Octagon. oxygen .. .'. ibid; ' walking through a .. .' . ibid (Technical
Difficulties) ; ' My first impreSSion .. .', ibid
[OHJ 'this sense of. . .', DuBOiS. 1969. P4S; ' talking in everyone·s .. .'. Sir Menelik from Dr
Octagon. 1996
[042J 'What of the others .. .' . Sir Menelik in james Tai, Urb 50. Aug/ Sept 96; ' the time
when .. .' , Chris Marker. Sans soleil, 1983; ' Does science reach .. .' . Dr Octagon. 1996 (On
Production) ; 'AII mankind must .. .' Sir Menelik. from ibid
[043J ' Acoustic death by .. .'. ibid; ' increase magnetic fields .. .'. Dr Octagon. 1996 (On
Production); ' We think as .. .' . Mixmaster Mike in Bucky Fukumoto & Jamandru Reynolds.
Grand Royale. Issue 4; ' It's the only .. .' . Disk in Kevin Marques Moo. URB 50. Aug/ Sept. 1996
[044) ' Identification Code unident ifi ed .. .' . Dr Octagon. 1996 (Dr Octagon); 'ski n is green .. .'.
ibid; ' paramedic fetus of. . .'. ibid (Blue Flowers) ; ' cybernetic microscopes. ibid; '2 telescopes
that .. .' ibid; 'Church of the .. .'. Dr Octagon. 1996 (Blue Flowers) ; 'a future pathologicaL . .' •
David Cronen berg in Chris Rodley. Sight and Sound. june 1996; 'out the skull: Dr Octagon.
1996 (Earth People) ; 'necks for the .. .' . ibid; ' 1 study and .. .' . Kool Keith " Dr Octagon.
Tompkins. 1996; ·macroscope·. from track title Macroscope. Cyclops 4000 ' . Sir Menelik.
1997; ' operate on patients .. .'. Kool Keith •• Dr Octagon. Tompkins, 1996; ' intestinal surgery'.
Dr Octagon. 1996 (I Got to Tell You) ; ·saliva·. ibid; 'basic human design'. from track title
Basic Human Design from Jeff Mills. 1994
[045J ' 1 would just .. .'. Kool Keith . , Dr Octagon. Tompkins. july, 1996; ' bees around your ..
Dr Octagon. 1996 (On Production) ; ' naked pictures of: ibid (Dr Octagon) ; 't he cartoon
Donald'. ibid; ' Sometime I don' t .. .' . Kool Keith " Dr Octagon. Tompkins. july. 1996; 'half
shark. half. . .' . Dr Octagon. 1996 (Mr Gerbik) ; ' masturbating with humans .. .'. ibid (Dr
Octagon); ' Ieading humans with .. .'. ibid; 'all Earth people .. .'. ibid (Earth People) ; ' you there
like ... . Kool Keith .. Dr Octagon. Tompkins, july, 1996
[046) ' Doctor Ludicrous into .. .'. Dr Octagon. 1996 (Dr Octagon) ; 'The perfect enzyme·s .. .',
ibid ( Technical Difficulties); ' Oh man homey .. .'. The Geto Boys. 1992
[047] 'I'm having illUSions .. .'. Cypress Hill . 1995 (Illusions); ' Looking at the .. .'. Sly Stone.
1972; 'schi zophony', R. Murray Schafer. Radical Radio in Strauss. 1993. P292; 'They took a
sonogram .. .'. Gravedigga2. 1994 (Diary of)
[048J 'It ' s a form of psychosi s .. .'. Tricky in Gavin Martin. NME, 28 Oct 1995; ' 1 believe
you·re .. .'. Redman in Adario Strange. The Source. Nov 1994
[049) 'Now I dwelL . .'. Gravediggaz. 1994; ·Holycore·. Scientific Shabazz .. Shabazz the
Disciple in joyce. URB. 40; ' Heaven and Hell is .. .'. The RZA, Everett True. Melody Maker.
Sept 17. 1994; ' Iearning the torture .. .'. The RZA. Everett True, 1994
B[200)
[050] ' 1 contain the ... ·. Sunz of Man. 1995b; 'Visions of me .. .' . Sunz of Man. 1995a; ' the
depths of'. ibid; ' 1 was shown .. .'. Genius. 1995
[051] 'AII this seems .. .'. Antonin Artaud. On the Balinese Theater in Rothenberg [,
Rothenberg. 1983. P239; ' soldiers of idolatry .. .' . Sunz of Man. 1995a; 'the universal
warlord .. .' . ibid; 'came together for .. .'. ibid; 'Hearken as the .. .' . ibid; 'be done away . .' . ibid;
'side effects .. .'. ibid; 'insanity enters humanity .. .'. ibid; 'this technique is .. .' . ibid; 'the 4
run .. .' . Sunz of Man. 1995b; ' a light beam .. .' . Killah Priest. Genius. 1995; 'bring the
wicked .. .' . Sunz of Man. 1995a
[052] ' Something outSide had .. .'. Dick. 1992. P209; ' We relinquished the .. .. ibid. P209-IO
[053] 'The brain is .. .' . Deleuze [, Guattari . 1987. p64; 'When you trip .. .'. Manuel De Landa in
Erik Davis. Mondo 2000. Nov 1992; ' 1 could get.. .' . George Clinton in Lloyd Bradley. Mojo.
Sept 1996; ' Descriptions of it .. .' . Stevens. 1987. P343
[054] 'The catastrophe represents .. .'. J. G. Ballard. Cataclysms and Dooms. in Ballard. 1996.
P209-lo; 'We can ' t clean .. .'. Clinton. Bradley. Sept 1996; 'We took the .. .'. ibid; 'Thought is
biological .. .' . Rene Menil in Richardson [, Fisalkowski . 1996. P150; ·Behold. I Am
Funkadelic .. .' . Funkadelic. 1970a
[055] ' the eating of.... Sontag. 1994. P99; ' If you will .. .'. Funkadelic. 1970a; ' 1 have
tasted .. .' . Funkadelic. 1971; 'could scare you ... . Roy Haynes. Sleevenotes to Funkadelic. 1993
[056] 'into the service .. .' . Salvador Dali in Sartre. 1988. P153; 'my brain C3 .. .' . Jeru the
Damajaa. 1994; ' Equipped with contradictory .. .' . Delany. 1976. p26; ' Can you fly .. .'. Tricky.
1995 (Abbaon Fat); 'Sampling allows .. .' . Greg Tate in The Last Angel of History. 1995
[057] 'Yesternow' , from track title Yesternow, Davis, 1970; 'A mixture of . .', Ishmael Reed,
Neo HooDoo Manifesto in Rothenberg [, Rothenberg, 1983, P420
[058] ' Headspace is the .. .' , Schafer, 1973, P31
[059] ' 1 feel alien .. .', Tricky in Simon Reynolds, Melody Maker, June 24, 1995; ' everything
happens at.. .', Tricky, David Bennun. Melody Maker. Jan 21 . 1995; 'My brain thinks .. .'.
Tricky. 1995 (Hell is)
[060] 'The first sign .. .'. Job in The Lawnmower Man; ' So it seems .. .' . Tricky [, Gravediggaz.
1996; '1 smoke a .. .' , Tricky, Martin. Oct 1995; 'Space race the .. .'. Tricky [, Gravediggaz, 1996
[061] '1 escape with .. .'. Organized Konfusion. 1991; 'There is no . .' . Tricky [, Gravediggaz,
1996; 'You have been .. .' . ibid
· James Brown: Mind Power from The Payback. Polydor, 1973
• James Brown. Revolution of the Mind. Polydor. 1973
• Critical Beatdown: Ain't It Good to You; When I Burn; Critical Beatdown from Critical
Beatdown. Next Plateau. 1987
• Cybotron. Enter, Fantasy Records, 1985
• Cyclops 4000 .. Sir Menelik. Macroscope. Ultimate Dilemma. 1997
• Cypress Hill : Ultraviolet Dreams from Cypress Hill. Ruffhousel Columbia. 1992
• Cypress Hill : J1Jusions; Temple of Boom from Temple of Boom, Ruffhouse/ Columbia. 1995
• Miles Davis: Yesternow from A Tribute to jack johnson, Columbia, 1970
· Dr Octagon: I Got to Tell You; Earth People; No Awareness; Techni cal Difficulties; Blue
Flowers; Dr Octagon; Wild and Crazy; On Production from Dr Octagon. Bulk/ Mo Wax, 1996
· Electrifying Mojo, The Mental Machine: a Book Opera, J Stone Audio Books. 1993
· Eric B [, Rakim, Follow the Leader Dub. MCA, 1988
· Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Bring It Down to Earth; We Are the Horsemen; Raise it
Up from Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Mercury. 1993
B[201)
· Funkadelic: What Is Soul; Mommy What 's A Funkadelic from Funkadelic. Westbound, 197
0
a
· Funkadelic: Eulogy and Light from Free Your Mind And Your Ass Will Follow. Westbound, 1970
b
• Funkadelic: Maggot Brain; Wars of Armageddon from Maggot Brain. Westbound. 1971
· Funkadelic: America Eats Its Young from America Eats Its Young, Westbound. 1972
· Funkadelic. Cosmic Slop, Westbound, 1973
· Funkadelic. Standing on the Verge of Getting It On, Westbound. 1974
· Funkadelic. Let 's Take It to the Stage. Westbound, 1975
· Funkadelic. Tales of Kidd Funkadelic. Westbound, 1976
• Funkadelic. Hardcore jollies, Westbound. 1976
· Funkadelic, Music For Your Mother. Westbound. 1993
• Genius: Greyhound Part 2 Remix from Experimental Remixes. Jon Spencer Blues
Explosion. Matador. 1995
• The Geto Boys. Mind Playing Tricks on Me, Rap-a-Lot. 1992
• Jerry Goldsmith. Planet of the Apes OST. Project 3 Records, 1967
• Gravediggaz: Diary of a Madman; Mommy What 's a Gravedigga?; Dial 1-800 Suicide from
Niggamortis, Island, 1994
· Japan: Ghost from Tin Drum, Virgin, 1981
· Jeru the Damajaa: Mental Stamina from The Sun Rises in the East, ffrr. 1994
· Jeru the Damajaa, Wrath of the Math, Payday, 1996
· Led Zeppelin: Friends from Led Zeppelin J, AtlantiC. 1972
· Massive Attack. Blue Lines, Virgin, 1991
· Method Man: Sub Crazy from Tical, Def Jam. 1994
· The Mighty Upsetter. Kung Fu Meers the Dragon. Justice League, 1975
• Jeff Mills: Basic Human Design from Waveform Transmissions Volume J. Tresor, 1994
• Organized Konfusion: Releasing Hypnotical Gases from Organized Konfusion, Hollywood
Basic. 1991
· The Prodigy, Outta Space. XL. 1992
• Public Enemy: Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos from It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold
Us Back, Def Jam. 1988
• Rammellzee [, Shock Dell , The Lecrure. GeeStreet / lsland Records, 1987
· Rammellzee vs K-Rob, Beat Bop, Profil e Records. 1983
• Sly Stone: Thank You Falletin Me Be Mice Elf Agin from There 's A Riot Going On, Edsel, 1972
• Sunz of Man. Soldiers of Darkness. Wu Tang Records. 1995a
• Sunz of Man, Five Arch Angels. Wu Tang Records, 1995b
· Tricky. Aftermath, Island, 1994
· Tricky: Abbaon Fat Tracks; Hell Is Round the Corner from Maxinquaye. Island. 1995
· Tricky [, Gravediggaz. Psychosis. Island. 1996
· Ultramagnetic MCs: Brainiac; Smoking Dust from The Basement Tapes. Tuff City Records. 1996
· Ultramagnetic MCs: MCs ' Ultra {Part III, City Beat. 1987
• Stevie Wonder. Innervisions. Motown, 1973
• Jean-Michel Basquiat , Pegasus. painting. 1987
• Pedro Bell . Sleeve Art for Cosmic Slop. Westbound. 1973; Standing on the Verge of Getting
It On, Westbound. 1974; Let's Take It to the Stage. Westbound. 1975; Tales of Kidd
Funkadelic. Westbound, 1976; Hardcore jollies. Westbound. 1976
• Don Brautigan, Sleeve Art for James Brown. The Payback. Polydor. 1973
• Effram Wolf. Sleeve Art to Inner visions. Motown. 1973
8[202]
• Atomic Cafe, Kevin Rafferty/ jayne Loader/ Pierce Rafferty, 1982, Academy Video
• Beneath the Planet of the Apes, Ted Post, 1970, NCA
• Coma, Michael Crichton, 1978, NCA
• Dead Ringers, David Cronenberg, 1988, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
• jacob 's Ladder, Adrian Lyne, 1990, 4 Front Video
• The Last Angel of History, john Akomfrah/ Black Audio Film Collective, 1995, NCA
· The Lawnmower Man, Brett Leonard, 1992, First Independent Video
• The Man Who Fell to Earth, Nic Roeg, 1976, NCA
• Sans soleil, Chris Marker, 1983, Academy Video
• The Terminator, james Cameron, 1984, 4 Front Video
Thoughtwore: Inner Spotiolizing the Song
[062] 'I put my .. .' , Lee Perry in Toop, 1995, Pl!3
[063] 'I introduce myselr. . .', Indelible MCs, 1997; 'I see the .. " Lee Perry in Toop, 1995, P1!3;
' You are listening .. .', Lee Perry in Kevin Martin, The Wire, May 1995; ' We' re taking over
The Mighty Upsetter, Sleevenote Manifesto to The Mighty Upsetter, 1975; 'Well , the
drums .. .', Lee Perry in Thomas Markett, Grand Royale 2, 1995-1996; 'The drum controls
Lee Perry in Toop, 1995, Pl!4
[064] 'We are here .. .. The Mighty Upsetter, Sleevenote Manifesto to The Mighty Upsetter, 1975
[065] 'So me join .. .', Lee Perry, Martin, 1995
[066] 'His method or. . .', Steve Barrow in Dubcatcher, April / May 1994
• 4 Hero: The Paranormal in Four Forms from Various Artists, Macro Dub Infection, Virgin, 1995
• Indelible MCs, The Fire in Which You Burn, Rawkus, 1997
• The Mighty Upsetter, Kung Fu Meets the Dragon, justice League, 1975
• The Mighty Upsetter: The Tackro from Shocks of the Mighty, Attack, 1988
• The Upsetter: Bird in Hand; The Lion from Return of the Super Ape, Trojan, 1978
• The Upsetter: Revolution Dub; Woman's Dub; Kojak; Bush Weed; Rain Drops from
Revolution Dub, Esoldun, 1975
· Farewell my Concubine, Chen Kaige, 1993, Artificial Eye
• Persona, Ingmar Bergman, 1966, NCA
Thoughtwore: Virtuolizing the Breokbeot
[068] 'Technology has made .. .' , Goldie in The Last Angel of History, 1995; ' Our drummers
don' t .. .', Kraftwerk, Andy Gill , Mojo, April 1997; ' thinking and hearing .. .' , ibid; ' we've lost
the .. .' , Goldie in Musik, 1995; 'you' re reading the .. .', ibid; ' You end up with .. .', Dego
McFarlane in Tim Barr, The Mix, Aug 1996
[069] ' used to talk .. .' , Dego McFarlane in Bethan Cole, Mixmag, Feb 1995; 'audiomaze', from
track title Audiomaze, Gachet , 1995; ' subcraziness', from track title SubCrazy, Method Man,
1994; ' kids coming up .. .', Dego McFarlane in Musik, 1995
[070] 'Science today has .. .', Paul Virilio, Block 14, Autumn 1988; ' phantasmaphysi cs',
Foucault, 1977, P172; ' speculative fantasy or. . .', Ballard, 1996, Pl98
8[203]
[071] ' Phizical ' , from track title Phyzical, Roni Size, 1994; 'limb by limb .. .', from track title
Limb by Limb, Marvellous Cain, 1994; 'We are obliged .. .', Norman Mailer, The White Negro,
in Feldman li Gartenberg, 1960, P295
[072] ' temporal resolving powers' , Chion, 1994, PI34; 'flava in the .. .' , track title Flava in
your Ear, Mack, 1994; ' When kinetic sensations .. .', Chion, 1994, P137; ' we used to .. .' , Mark
Clair in Tim Barr, The Mix, Aug 1996; 'needlepoint magick', track title of Needlepoint
Magick, Magick, 1995
[073] 'The graffiti artist', Goldi e in Musik, 1995; 'Wildstyle was the .. .', Kaze 2 in Chalfont li
Palmer, 1984, P71 ; ' three gravitional forces .. .' j. j . Wagener in Escher, 1989, P99;
'background and foreground', ibid
[074] 'Across the horizontal ' , Goldie, Sl eevenotes to Goidie, 1995a; 'I can conceive ..
Escher, 1989, p121; 'The graffiti artist.. .', Goldie in Musik, 1995; ' The loops, they've
Goldi e in Simon Reynolds, The Wire, Sept 1994
[075] 'On Timeless, there .. .', Rob Playford in Tim Barr, The Mix, Aug 1996; 'different steps
or. . .' , Escher, 1989, p121 ; 'We'd go round .. .', Playford, Barr, 1996; 'snaking out a .. .' , Goldie,
Reynolds, 1994; 'the zord, the blade .. .' , ibid
[076] ' With a sample .. .' , A Guy Called Gerald in Peter Shapiro, The Wire, Oct 1996; 'Does
time work .. .', A Guy Called Gerald, Sleevenote Manifesto to A Guy Called Gerald, 1995; ' You
could create', Gerald, Shapiro, 1996; 'We have advanced .. .', A Guy Called Gerald,
Sl eevenote Manifesto to A Guy Called Gerald, 1995; ' Say someone has . .', Gerald, Shapiro,
1996
· Brian Eno, Apollo Atmospheres [j Soundtracks, EG Records, 1983
· 4 Hero: Solar Emissions; Shadow Run; Sunspots; Wrinkles in Time from Parallel Universe,
Reinforced Records, 1994
· 4 Hero: The Paranormal in 4 Forms from Various Artists, Macro Dub Infection, Virgin, 1995
· 4 Hero, Inner City Life Part 1 Remix, ffrr, 1995
· Dr S. Gachet, Audiomaze, Labello Blanco, 1995
• Goldi e: jah the Seventh Seal from Timeless, London, 1995a
• Goldie, Timeless, i . Inner City Life ii. Pressure iii. jah, ffrr Records, 1995b
• Goldie, Inner City Life, ffrr, 1995C
• Goldie, T3, Metalheadz, 1997
· A Guy Called Gerald: Finley's Rainbow; The Glok Track from Black Secret Technology,
juice Box, 1995
· A Guy Called Gerald, Nazinji Zaka, juicebox, 1995
• Gustav Holst, Planets Suite, Deutsche Gramophon, date unknown
· Craig Mack, Flava in Your Ear, RCA, 1994
• jay Magick, Needlepoint Magick, Metalheadz, 1995
• Metalheadz, Terminator, Synthetic Hardcore Phonography, 1992
• Method Man: SubCrazy from Tical, Def jam, 1994
· Marvellous Cain, Limb by Limb, Suburban Base, 1994
· Nookie, Inner City Life Remix, ffrr, 1995
· Peshay, Inner City Life Mix, ffrr, 1995
· Peshay, jah Remix, Razors Edge, 1996
· Roni Size, Phyzical, Full Cycle Records, 1994
· Roni Size, Inner City Life Instant Remix, ffrr, 1995
• Rufige Kru, Terminator II Remix, Reinforced, 1993
8[204]
• Ryuichi Sakamoto. Riot in Lagos. Island. 1980
· Vangelis. Blade Runner OST. East West . 1994
• M.e. Escher. Relativity. lithograph. 1953
• M.e. Escher. Tetrahedral Planetoid. lithograph. 1953
• Goldie. Future World Machine. aeroglyph. reproduced in Chalfont /j Prigoff. 1987. p65
• 2001: A Space Odyssey. Stanley Kubrick. 1968. MGM Home Entertainment
• The Last Angel of History. john Akomfrah/ Black Audio Film Collective. 1995. NCA
Thoughtware: Programming Rhythmatic Frequencies
[078] ' It is the rationalizing ... •. Georges Canguilhem. Machine and Organism in Crary /j
Kwimer. 1992. p63
[079] '1 need an .. .' . Edgard Varese in Ouellette. 1973. Pl47
[080] ·Sonotron·. Xenakis. '974. P 237; 'Imagine somewhere in . .' . Man Parrish. 1983
[081] 'power in the .. .' . Darth Vader in The Empire Strikes Back; ' Clear are these .. .' .
Cybotron. 1985 (Clear); 'Electronic Music affects .. .' . Merce Cunningham in Virilio. 1995.
P'24; ' Boogalooin', rollin· .. .' . Shrimp in Ben Higa. Rap Pages. Sept 1996
[082] ' Trains themselves are .. .'. Kraftwerk in Mark Sinker. Music Technology. 1991 [see
also Webtalk: Synthsite/ Roland Discussion Group http:// neural 13 .cs. york.ac. uk/ cgi-
bis/ Roland(HK) I; 'our synthesizers to .. .' . Kraftwerk in Mark Sinker in Kempster. 1996. P96
[083] ' dreaded Drexciyan stingray .. .'. The Unknown Writer. Label Fiction from Drexciya.
1993a; 'pregnant America-bound .. .'. Drexciya. Sleevenote Manifesto to Drexciya. 1997
[084] 'water breathing. aquatically .. .' . ibid; 'The ships landed .. .'. Mark Sinker. The Wire.
Sept 1992; 'Did they migrate .. .' . Drexciya. Sleevenote Manifesto to Drexciya. '997; ' The
border between .. .'. Donna Haraway. A Manifesto for Cyborgs in Haraway. 1991. P'49; 'This
is Drexciyan .. .'. Drexciya. 1993b (Bubble Metropolis)
[085] 'When the first .. .' . Clarke. 1992, P'57; ' magnetron which puts .. .' . Killah Priest from
Sum of Man. '995; 'Video games are .. .'. Chris Marker in Sans soleil
[086] ' the factories that .. .' . Kraftwerk in Bussy. 1993. p63; 'automatic machines are .. .'.
Wiener. 1989. pl62
[087] 'More Bounce to .. .' . Shrimp in Ben Higa. Rap Pages. Sept 1996; 'a square rollout
jojo in Ben Higa. Rap Pages. Sept 1996
[088] 'When you pop .. .'. Shrimp. Higa. 1996; ' android doowop·. Simon Reynolds in
Weisbard. 1995. p216; ' We are beginning .. .'. Manuel De Landa in Erik Davis. Mondo 2000.
Nov 1992; ' EssR·ays·. from track title EssR'ay [Reece Mix[. Reece. 1994
[089] ' For a very .. .'. Gertrude Stein. Composition as Explanation in Kostelanet z. '993; 'It
wasn' t looping .. .'. The jungle Brothers. Toure. The Source. july 1993; 'Arhythmic.
asymmetrical . alinear .. .'. ibid
[090] ' the wind or. . .' . Christopher Walken in The Addiction
[091] ' You must learn .. .'. The jungle Brothers. Toure. july 1993; ' No .. We must.. .'. The
jungle Brothers. 1993 (Manmade Materiaf)
[092] ' Brainstorms. Brainstorms. mass .. .'. The jungle Brothers. 1993 (Spittin ' Wicked) ; 'The
paradox I. . .'. Organized Konfusion. 1991; 'I'm gone .. I'm'. Af Next Man Flip in David Davies.
i-D. Nov 1991; ' scientific people .. .' . ibid
8[205]
· Art of Noise. Close [To the Edit!. lang Tuum Tumb. 1984
• Cybotron: Clear from Enter. Fantasy Records. 1985
· Drexciya: Sea Snake from Deep Sea Dweller. Shockwave Records. 1992
• Drexciya. Aquatic Invasion EP. UR. 1993a
· Drexciya: Danger Bay; Positron Island; Bubble Metropolis from Bubble Metropolis EP. UR 1993b
· Drexciya: Intensified Magnetron from Molecular Enhancement EP. Rephlex. 1993c
• Drexciya: The Red Hills of Lardossa; The Basalt lone 4. 97l from The Unknown Aquazone
Aquapak. UR. 1994 ibid
· Drexciya: Darthouven Fish Men from The Journey Home EP. Warp. 1995
· Drexciya. The Return of Drexciya. UR. 1996
· Drexciya. Uncharted. Sold In Detroit. 1996
• Drexciya. The Ouest. Submerge. 1997
• Haashim. Primrose Path, Cutting Records. 1986
• The jBs: [It 's not the Express! It 's the JBs ' Monaurail from Hustle with Speed. Polydor. 1975
· jomun Crew. Space Is the Place. Tommy Boy. 1983
· The jungle Brothers: Blahbludify; Manmade Material; Spittin ' Wicked Randomness; For the
Headz at Company l from J Beez Wit the Remedy. WEA. 1993
• The jungle Brothers. Crazy Wisdom. WEA. unreleased
• Kraftwerk. Autobahn. EMI . 1975
· Kraftwerk. Radioactivity. Capitol . 1976
· Kraftwerk: Showroom Dummies from Trans-Europe Express. EMI . 1977
• Kraftwerk. Tour de France [Francois Kervorkian Remix!. EMI . 1984
• Man Parrish: In the Beginning from Man Parrish. Importe/ ,2. 1983
· Organized Konfusion: Releasing Hypnotical Gases from Organized Konfusion. Hollywood
Basic. 1991
• Reece: EssR'ay !Reece Mix! from Forces. Network/ KMS 1994
, Soul Sonic Force. Planet Rock. Tommy Boy. 1982
• Sum of Man. Soldiers of Darkness. Wu Tang Records. 1995
• The Velvet Underground, White Light White Heat, Verve. 1968
• Zapp: More Bounce to the Ounce from lapp. Warner Brothers. 1980
· lapp. Computer Love fr om lapp IV U. Warner Brothers. 1986
· lapp: I Play the Talkbox from lapp 5. Warner Brothers. 1987
• The Addiction. Abel Ferrara. 1997. Pathe Distribution
• The Empire Strikes Back. George Lucas. 1980. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
• Sans soleil. Chris Marker. 1983. Academy Video
Thoughtware: Synthetic Fiction/Electronic Thought
[093] 'The world of . .'. Marshall McLuhan /j G. E. Stearn. A Dialogue in Stearn. 1968. PH3
[094] ' For the white . .'. Brown. 1972; This is Cocaine .. .'. Phuture. 1987; ' You have been .. .'. ibid;
'Take a shot .. .'. ibid
[096] ' Some Gods will . .'. Reed. 1976. PII ; ' Parents. Don' t let . .'. Bam Bam. '994; ' Where' s
your child? .. .' . ibid
[097] ' Nobody likes t o . .'. ibid
B[206)
[098J 'In the beginning .. .' . Fingers Inc featuring Chuck Roberts. 1988; ' Once you enter ....
Fingers Inc, 1988; 'the automatic community' , Walter Hughes, In the Empire of the Beat, in
Ross IJ Rose, '994, Pl52
[099J 'The way to' , Pat Cadigan in Trilling IJ Swezey, '993, PliO; ' emotions electric' , track
title Emotions Electric. A Guy Called Gerald, 1988
[100J ' [Kraftwerkl sounded straight .. .' , Model 500 in Mark EG, Eternity 29, May 1995
[101J ' the music is .. .', Rhythim is Rhythim, Sleevenot es to Various Artists. 1991; 'a continual
telescoping .. .' , Rene Menil in Richardson IJ Fisalkowski. 1996, P73; ' We are misled .. .' ,
Samuel Butler. The Book of the Machines, in Butler. 1969, pZ39; ' Geography is replaced
Virilio, 1983a, p 61
[102J 'Techno City was . .', 3070 in jon Savage, Sleevenotes to Cybotron, 1994
[103J ' We dedicate this . .', Cybotron, Sleevenote Manifesto to Cybotron, 1985
[105J ' thinking and hearing .. .', Kraftwerk, Gill , April '997; ' drum sounds on .. .' , Model 500
in Tim Barr, Generator, May 1995; 'Science fiction doesn' t .. .', William Gibson in james Flint,
UK Wired, May 1996; ' It was so .. .' , Model 500. Barr. May '995; 'If you listen .. .', Model 500,
E.G., May 1995; 'Then I heard .. .', Model 500. Barr, May 1995
[106J 'medium whi ch processes .. .', Marshall McLuhan in Molinaro, McLuhan IJ Toye, 1987,
P 427; The machine is .. .', Donna Haraway, A Manifesto for Cyborgs in Haraway, 1991, p180; ' takes
the immediate .. .' , Norman Mailer, The White Negro, in Feldman IJ Gartenberg, 1960, p 298
[107J ' Berry Gordy built ... , Model 500 in Sleevenotes to VariOUS Artists, 1987; 'Today the
plants .. .', ibid; 'I'm probably more .. .', ibid; ·automanikk'. album title Automanikk, A Guy
Called Gerald, 1991
[108J ' My concept has .. .', Rhythim is Rhythim in Kempster. 1996, P53; 'My string sounds
ibid
[109J ·UFOs. they're drawn .. .'. Fox Mulder in The X Files; ' When the synthesizer . .'. Model
500, Barr, May '995; ' 1 was into .. .' , ibid; ' a story about.. .', Eddie ' Flashin' Fowlkes in Tim
Barr. Musik, Aug 1996; ' 1 wanted to .. .' . Model 500 in The Last Angel in History. 1995; 'Tell
me if .. .' , Model 500, 1985b
[110J 'They say there .. .', ibid; 'Things you haven' t.. .' , ibid; ·ufonic'. album title Ufonic,
Sabalon Glitz, 1996; 'I'm driving through .. .', Model 500, 1985a
[111J ' It ' s like somebody .. .', Hank Shocklee in Rose. '994, p80; ' technical assault
squadron .. .'. from Sleevenotes to Public Enemy. 1989
[112J ' Iaunched, fuelled, planted ... , ibid; ' It started in ... , Public Enemy. 1992C; ·Slaveships.
There are .. .', ibid; ' already been in .. .', Public Enemy, 1989
[113J ·robot '. Karel Capek from Opilec, 1917, from Capek, 1923 (from the Czech term robota,
meaning compulsory labour or servitude. from robornik meaning workman) ; 'the automatic
machine .. .' , Wiener. 1989. p162; ' Not only physical. . .'. jones, 1963, P7; ' At the eve .. .', Public
Enemy, '994; 'There is something .. .', Public Enemy. 1990 (Contract on)
[114J ' alarm for the World'. Publi c Enemy, 1987 (Rightstarter) ; 'That noise came .... Chuck D
in Simon Reynolds. from jones, 1996. pZ6; 'The drone on .... ibid
[115J ' Related to schizophrenia .. .'. Schafer. 1977. p 91 ; ' the overkill or. . .'. ibid; 'Turn it all ..
Eric 'Vietnam' Sadler in Rose. 1994. P74; 'functions of eyesight .. .' . Virilio. 1991. p 27
[116J ' Final transmission .. .'. Mad Mike, Run-Out Groove Communi cation. Galaxy 2 Gal axy.
1993 (Hi-Tech jazz); ' Technology is not .. .'. Virili o. 1983a. Pl38
[117J ' a project devised .... Mike Banks in Dow jones. Touch, june 1991
[118J ' hard music from .. .'. Underground ReSi stance. 1991e; ' you just want . .' . joey Beltram
in Vaughan Allen. Mixmag, jan 1992
B[207)
[119J 'No hope. no .. .' . Underground Resistance, several Communications. 199112; ' We could
have .. .' . jon Hassell in Toop. 1995. p167; ·Undetectible' . track title of Scan 7. '995; ' you can
hear .. .' . Doyle Foreman in Reed, 1989, Pl93
[120J ' Techno is like ... . Mike Banks in Peter Walsh, jockey Slut. july/ Aug '994; ' There are
definite .. .', ibid; 'We're silent and .. .' . ibid; ' a sort or. . .' . Baudrillard. 1995. P 43; 'Spectral
Nomad'. track title of The Vision . · Robert Hood. '995; '6 dark energy . .' , Label Communique.
Suburban Knight. 1994
[121J 'the deprogramming of.. .' . Banks. Walsh, july/ Aug 1994
[122} 'The World Power .. .' . World Power Alliance. 1992; 'Disappearance is our . .', Virilio.
1983a. P148; 'Every visible power .. .' . ibid. Pl48
[123} 'is a CPU .. .'. Label Fiction from Scan 7, '995; 'induce viruses and .. '. ibid; ' designed to
destroy .. .' . ibid; 'digitized and returned .. .' . ibid; 'Technology takes the .. .' , Goldie in NME. 1995
[124} 'repudiated any ethnic .. .'. juan Atkins .. Model 500. Kempster. 1996. P44; ' It becomes
increasingly informative to simulate the thought of the cops'. Nick Land in o[rphan]d]rift . l,
1995, P356
[125} ·Inventions. the creations .. .' . Virilio. 1983a. p 63; 'An electronic instrument .. .' . Robert
Moog, Historical 6 Prophetic Writings in Vale IJ juno, '994. PI34; 'personal electronic .. .'.
Banks. Walsh, july/ Aug 1994
[126} 'The synthesiser is .. .' . Kraftwerk. Gill . April 1997; 'Techno will be . .' , Banks. Walsh.
july/ Aug 1994; ' Thought forms in .. .' , Tristan Tzara in Leiris. 1989. p87
[127} 'Techno to me .. .', Banks, Walsh. july/ Aug 1994
[128} 'so that ir. . .'. ibid
[130} ' Electric circuitry confers .. .' . McLuhan IJ Fiore. 1967. Pll4
[131} ' mythic worlds or. . .' . ibid. PIOO
[132} ' materialize an idea .. .' . jeff Mills in Paul Benney, jockey Slut. june/ july. 1996;
' Everything you press .. .' . Mouse on Mars in Rob Young. The Wire, Dec '994; ' the needle
spirals'. Catalogue Notes, Axis Catalogue. 1995
[133} 'showed us a .. .' . Banks. Dow jones, june 1991; ' a sudden multiplication', Virilio. 1991 .
p 72; ' You have to .. .' . Mills, Benney. june/ july 1996
[134} ' lmagine being in .. .', Sleevenote Manifesto from X-102. 1992; ' Saturn' s rings were .. .'.
ibid
[135} ' How long a .. .', Mills. Benney, june/ july 1996; 'What he sets .. .', Antonin Artaud, On
the Balinese Theater, Rothenberg IJ Rothenberg, 1983, P239; 'Theories and subjects .. .' , Axis
Manifesto from Axis Catalogue, 1995
[136} 'When the needle .. .' . Mills, Benney, june/ july 1996; 'I recall a NASA .. .' , Sleevenotes
to Mills. 1997
· Bam Bam: Where 's Your Child from Bam Bam, Best of Westbrook Classics, Tresor, 1994
• james Brown, Revolution of the Mind, Polydor, 1968
• james Brown, King HerOin, Polydor, 1972
• Alice Coltrane with Strings, World Galaxy, Impulse! , 1971
• john Coltrane, Interstellar Space, Impulse!, 1967
· Cybotron, Techno City, Fantasy, 1984
• Cybotron, Enter, Fantasy, 1985
· Cybotron, Interface: The Roots of Techno, Fantasy Records, 1994
• Fingers Inc, Can You Feel It, jack Trax, 1988
• Fingers Inc featuring Chuck Roberts, Can You Feel It, Desire, 1988
B[208]
• 4 Hero, Mr Kirk's Nightmare, Reinforced, 1991
• Galaxy 2 Galaxy: Astral Apache {Star Stories}; Hi-Tech jazz {The Science}; Hi-Tech jazz {The
Elements} from Galaxy 2 Galaxy EP, UR, 1993
• A Guy Called Gerald, Automanikk, CBS, 1991
• A Guy Called Gerald: Emotions Electric from Peel Sessions, BBC Records, 1988
• Herbie Hancock, Quasar, CBS, 1972
• Grace jones, She's Lost Control, Island, 1982
• joy Division: She's Lost Control from Unknown Pleasures, Factory, 1979
• Roland Kirk, Volunteer Slavery, Atlantic, 1969
• Kraftwerk, Die Mensch Maschine/ The Man Machine, EMI , 1978
• Kraftwerk, The Model, EM!. 1981
• Mandrill : Two Sisters of Mercy from Solid, Polydor, 1971
• A Martian from Detroit : Stardancer from Red Planet 2, Red Planet , 1993
• The Martian: 808' {Surface Temperature mix! from Red Planet 3, Red Planet , 1994
• The Martian: journey to the Martian Polar Cap, from Red Planet 4, Red Planet, 1994
• The Martian: The Long Winter of Mars: Renegades on the Red Planet; Season of the Solar
Wind; Base Station 303; Skypainter from Red Planet 5, Red Planet, 1995
• The Martian: Marisian Probes over Montana; Ghostdancer, Starchild (as by The Martians
and Starchild on the Mothership LMNO-Funk) ; Wind walker (as by The Martians, Additional
Production by The Suburban Knight) from Red Planet 6, Red Planet, 1995
• The Martian: Firekeeper from Red Planet 7, Red Planet, 1997
· The Meters, just Kissed My Baby, Epic, 1973
• jeff Mills, Inner Sanctum, Axis, 1993
• jeff Mills: Utopia; Man from Tomorrow from Cycle 30 EP, Axis, 1994
• jeff Mills: i9 from The Other Day, Axis, 1997
• Model 500, Night Drive {thru Babylon!, Metroplex, 1985a
• Model 500, No UFOs {Original Vocal Mix!, Metroplex, 1985b
• Phuture, Your Only Friend, Trax, 1987
• Public Enemy: Rightstarter {Message to A Black Man!; Terminator X Speaks with his Hands,
Megablast; Timebomb from Yo! Bum Rush the Show, Def jam, 1987
• Public Enemy: Countdown to Armageddon; Mind Terrorist; Show 'em Whatcha Got; Rebel
Without a Pause; Terminator X to the Edge of Panic; Louder than a Bomb from It Takes a
Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back, Def jam, 1988
• Public Enemy, Welcome to the Terrordome, Def jam, 1989
• Public Enemy: Contract on the Love World jam, War at 33.3, Incident at 66. 6FM, Final
Count of the Collision Between Us and the Damned, Welcome to the Terrordome from
Fear of a 81ack Planet, Def jam, 1990
• Public Enemy, Arizona Assassination Attempt Acca Double Dub, Def jam, 1992a
• Public Enemy, By the Time I Get to Arizona, Def jam, 1992b
• Public Enemy, Can 't Truss It {Almighty Raw 125th Street Bootleg Mix}, Def jam 1992C
• Public Enemy: Whole Lotta Love Goin ' On in the Middle of Hell from Muse Sick N'Hour
Message, Def jam, 1994
• Reece, just Another Chance, KMS, 1988
• Rhythim is Rhythim, Ikon, Buzz/ Transmat, 1992
• Rhythim is Rhythim, Kao-tic Harmony, Buzz/ Transmat, 1992
• Saba Ion Glitz, Ufonic, Organico, 1996
• Scan 7, Undetectible EP, UR, 1995
B[209]
• Scientist : Laser Attack; Space Invaders; 8eam Down; Red Shift; Time Warp; Pulsar; De
Materialise from Scientist Meets the Space Invaders, Greensleeves, 197
8
• Second Phase, Mentasm /joey Beltram Remix!, RI.iS Records, 1991
• K. Alexi Shelby, All for Lee'Sah, Transmat, 1989
• SIee2Y D, I've Lost Control, Trax, 1986
• Suburban Knight, The Art of Stalking {Stalker Mix!, Transmat, 1990
• Suburban Knight: Mind of a Panther from Dark Energy EP, UR, 1994
• Underground Resistance, Cyberwolf EP, UR, 1991a
• Underground ReSistance, Death Star EP, UR, 1991b
• Underground Resistance, Piranha EP, 1991c
• Underground Resistance, The Punisher EP, UR, 1991d
• Underground Resistance, Riot EP, UR, 1991e
• Underground ReSistance, Revolution for Change, Network, 1992
• Underground ReSistance, Sea wolf EP, UR, 1992
• Underground Resistance: Biosensors in Tunnel Compl ex Africa from Electronic Warfare:
Designs for Sonic Revolutions double EP, UR, 1996
• Various Artists, Electro H 2, Streetsounds, '983"988
• Various Artists, Techno The New Dance Sound of DetrOit, 10 Records, 1987
• Various Artists, Retro Techno, Network, 1991
• Various Artists, The JOint, Suburban Base/ Moving Shadow, 1994
• Various Artists, The Deepest Shade of Techno, Reinforced, 1994
• Various Artists, Macro Dub Infection. Virgin, 1995
• Various Artists, Deep Concentration, Om Records, 1997
• The Vision, Spectral Nomad EP, Metroplex, 1995
• j ohn Williams, OST Title Theme from Star Wars, '977, label unknown
• World Power Al li ance: WPA 8acking Plate 'I from Kamikaze EP, UR, 1992
• World 2 World: jupiter jazz from World 2 World EP, UR, 1992
• X-IOI : Rave New World; Mindpower from X'IOI EP, Tresor, 1991
• X-102: Phoebe; Titan; Rhea; Tethys; Hyperion; CoRing; B- Ring; Enceladus; A·Ring; Ground
Zero {The Planet! from X'102 Discovers 'The Rings of Saturn ', UR, 1992
• jean- Michel Basquiat, Pegasus, painting, 1987
• Gunther Frohling, Sleeve Art for Die Mensch Maschine, EM I, 1978
· Alien, Ridley Scott, '979, 20t h Century Fox Home Entertainment
· Alien Resurrection, Philippe jeunet, '997, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
• Alien], David Fincher , '992, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
• Aliens, james Cameron, 1986, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
· The Empire Strikes Back, George Lucas, 1980, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
· Ghost in the Shell, Masamune Shirow. '996, Manga Entertainment
· The Man Who Fell to Earth, Nic Roeg, 1976, NCA
· The Last Angel of History, j ohn Akomfrah/ Black Audio Film Collective, '995, NCA
· Metropolis, Fritz Lang, 1927, Eureka Video
· Predator 2, Stephen Hopkins, '990, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
· 2001: A Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick, 1968, MGM Home Entertainment
• Tron, Stephen Lisberger, 1982, NCA
· The X Files, Chris Carter, '993, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
B[210]
Thoughtware: Mixadelic Universe
[138] 'Good Evening. Do .. .', Parliament, 1975a (P Funk) ; ' an invisible excitement . .'. R.
Murray Schafer. Radical Radio in Strauss. 1993. P292
[139] ' We have taken .. .'. Parliament. 1975a (P Funk) ; ' Welcome to the .. .' . ibid; ' Coming to
you .. .'. ibid; ' Draw a spaceman .. .'. Overton Lloyd in Lloyd Bradley. MojO. Sept 1996
[140] 'ego tripping and .. .'. Parliament. 1975b (Dr Funkenstein); 'And funk is .. .'. Parliament .
1975b (Prelude) ; 'Like a trick .. .'. Parliament . 1975a (Unfunky UFO) ; ' 1 was merely .. .'. Bootsy
Collins in Michael Gonzalez. The Source. Dec 1994; ' in which a .. .' . Reed. 1989. P259; 'I've
got a .. .'. Collins. 1978 (Hollywood Squares)
[141] ' the mind to .. .'. Stuart Cosgrove. CollUSion. Sept 1983; ' When you meet. . .'. Sly and the
Family Stone. 1973 ibid; 'swings low'. Parliament. 1975a (Mothership ConnecCion); 'Light
years in .. .'. ibid; ' have returned to .. .'. ibid; 'has been hidden .. .' Parliament. 1975b (Prelude) ;
'c itizens of the .. .' . Parliament. 1975a
[142] ' In the days .. .'. Par liament. 1975b (Prelude) ; ' There in these .. .'. ibid; ' super cool oh
Overton Lloyd from Bookl et to Parliament . 1977; 'And in a .. .'. Lloyd. ibid; ' the active
repreSSion .. .'. Sidran. 1995. PliO; ' Picture within a .. .'. Parli ament. 1977 (Sir Nose)
[143] ' 1 am Sir .. .'. ibid; ' the sub lim .. .'. ibid; ' doing it to .. .'. Parliament. 1975a (P Funk)
[144] ' Threee blind mice .. .'. Parliament. 1977 (Sir Nose) ; '1 wanna be .. .'. Collins. 1978 (Roto-
Rooter); ' Have you ever ... ; Parliament . 1977 (Funkenrelechy)
[145] 'you are a .. .'. Burroughs. 1987. P156; 'a part or. . .'. Ray Davis. Sleevenotes from
Funkadelic. 1993; 'gaming on ya·. track title Gaming on Ya. Parliament. 1975a; ' Pay attention
because .. .'. Parliament. 1977 (Funkenrelechy) ; ' operative signals directing .. .' Schafer. 1977;
' overburden with logic' . Sl ogan from Gatefold Inner Sleeve. Parliament. 1979; ' a positive
force .. .'. Parliament. 1979 (Theme); 'you're destined to .. .'. Slogan from Gatefold Inner
Sleeve. Parliament. 1979
[146] 'metaprogramming is an operation in which a central control system controls
hundreds of thousands of programs operating in parallel simultaneously ..
metaprogramming is done outSide the big solid state computers by the human
programmers' . Lily. 1974. pix; 'Look at you .. .'. Sly and the Family Stone. 1972; 'How do
Yeaw .. .'. Funkadelic. 1976a; ' really dog you' . Prince Paul. Vibe. 1995; ·burning. churning
and .. .' Parliament . 1975b (Dr Funkenstein) ; 'burning you on .. .'. ibid
[147] 'urge overkill' . Parliament. 1977: 'This is Mood .. .'. ibid; ' Fasten your seat .. .'. ibid; ' 00
thoughts or. . .'. Funkadeli c. 1976a (How do Yeaw) ; ' Mood Mood. Someone .. .'. Parliament.
1977; ' whole cultures could .. .' . McLuhan. 1994. p28; ' Someone's talking. funking
Parliament. 1977
[148] ' A funk a .. .'. ibid; ' The secret to .. .'. ibid; 'There's nothing that . .'. ibid
[149] ' You deserve a .. .'. ibid; ' Everything was stacked .. .'. Clinton. Bradley. Sept 1996
[150] 'Funk not only .. .' Parliament. 1977 (Funkenrelechy) ; ' "I'm gonna add .:'. Larry Graham
in Dancing in the Streets. BBC2. 1996; ' Whatcha gonna do .. .'. Sun Ra. 1982
[151] ' We are the .. .'. Parliament. 1978b; ' Now I lay .. .'. ibid
[152] 'just Me. Myselr. . .'. De la Soul. 1989; ' A motion picture .. .'. Parliament . 1978a (Aqua
Boogie) ; ' We are a .. .'. Karlheinz Stockhausen in Bjork. Dazed and Confused. Aug 1996; ' raise
to the .. .'. Parliament . 1978a (Deep) ; 'a mystical meeting .. .'. ibid ( The Motor) . 'on the
same .... ibid (Water Sign)
[153] ' With the rhythm .. .'. ibid (Aqua Boogie) ; 'Technology automatically causes .. .'. Pedro Bell
in James. 1995. P141 ; ' the primal act .. .'. William Gibson. Academy Leader in Benedikt. 1991. P27
B[211]
- Bootsy Collins: Hollywood Squares; Roto-Rooter from Player of the Year. Warner
Brothers. 1978
· De la Soul. Me Myself and I. Big Life. 1989
, Funkadelic: How do Yeaw view You? from Tales of Kidd Funkade/ic. Westbound. 1976a
• Funkadelic: Un disco Kidd from Hardcore jollies. Westbound. 1976b
• Funkadelic: One Nation Under a Groove; Who says a Funk Band Can 't Play Rock Music
from One Nation Under a Groove. Warner Brothers. 1978
• Funkadelic. Music for Your Mother. Westbound. 1993
, Parliament : P Funk {Wants to Get Funked Up{; Mothership Connection (Star Child);
Unfunky UFO; from Mothership Connection. Casablanca. 1975a
, Parliament : Prelude to Dr Funkenstein; The Clones of Dr Funkenstein; Gaming on Ya from
The Clones of Dr Funkenstein. Casabl anca. 1975b
- Parliament: Funkenrelechy; Sir Nose D' Voidofunk; The Placebo Syndrome from
Funkenrelechy vs. The Placebo Syndrome. Casablanca. 1977
• Parliament : The Motor-Booty Affair; Aqua Boogie {A Psychoalphadiscobeta-
bioaquadoloop{; {You 're a Fish and I'm a! Water Sign; Deep from Motor-Booty Affair.
Casablanca. 1978a
· Parliament. Flashlight 12 " mix. Casablanca. 1978b
· Parliament : Gloryhallastoopid {Pin the Tale on the Funky!; Theme from the Black Hole
from Gloryhallastoopid. Casablanca. 1979
· Parliament: Funkencyclo-p-dia from Tear the Roof Off 1974-1980. Casablanca. 1993
· Sly and the Family Stone: Running Away from There 's a Riot Goin ' On. Edsel. 1972
· Sly and the Family Stone: If You Want Me to Stay from Fresh. Edsel . 1973
· Sun Ra. Nuclear War. Y Records. 1982
• Dancing in the Streets. BBC2. 1996
• Dune. David Lynch. 1984. Electric Pictures
· The Man Who Fell to Earth. Nic Roeg. 1976. NCA
· Twin Peaks. David Lynch. 1989. Warner Home Video
Thoughtware: synthesizing the Omniverse
[154] ' The Impossible attracts .. .' . Sun Ra in Lock. 1988. P15; ' 1 ain' t part ... Sun Ra in Lock.
1994. Pl 50
[155] ' The people have .. .'. Sun Ra in Space Is the Place; ' It ' s after the .. .'. June Tyson. ibid
[156] ' New Philosophy or. . .'. James. 1992. PPI53-160; 'even the dead .. .'. Walter Benjamin.
Theses on the Philosophy of History in Benjamin. 1992. P 247; ' turns to the .. .' . Fanon. 1967.
p169; 'very beautiful and .... ibid. pl69
[157] ' If you launch .. .'. Rammellzee. Peter Shapiro. The Wire. April 1997; 'a reasonable
citizen .. .'. Ellison. 1984. P355; 'I'm not a .. .'. Sun Ra. Fallen Angel in Oasis Semiorext{e!
Volume IV. Number 3. 1984. P1l5; ' It' s an inner. . .'. Stockhausen in Nevill . 1989. P18; 'The
Impossible is .. .'. Sun Ra. Sleevenote Manifes to from Sun Ra and his Solar Arkestra. 1992
[158] 'The Mothership and .. .'. 01' Dirty Bastard in Emma Forest . The Independenr. 5 July.
1996; 'How do you .. .'. Space Is the Place; . Chronicle of Post Soul Black Culture' in George.
1992. PPI-40; 'a spacite picture .. .'. Sun Ra. Sleevenotes to Sun Ra. 1956
[159] ' In Brain ville. I. . .'. ibid; 'Earth is al r eady .. .'. Killah Priest from Genius/ GZA. 1995;
D
8[212]
' INSTRUCTION TO THE .. .'. Sun Ra. Sleevenotes to Sun Song. quoted in Lock. 1988. PPI4-15;
' We didn' t have .... Phil Cohran. Sleevenotes. Sun Ra and his Solar Arkestra. 1992; ' With the
aid .. .'. Xenakis. 1974. PI44
[160] 'Sonotron: an accelerator of sonorous particles. a disintegrator of sonorous masses.
a synthesiser·. ibid. P237; ·EssR·ays·. from track title EssR'ay {Reece Mix{. Reece. 1994; ' Are
there any .. .'. Space is the Place; ' Multiplicity Adjustment . Readjustment . .'. ibid; ' Any
sufficiently advanced ... ·. Clarke in Haldeman. 1979. pI; ' At the materiaL . .'. Delany in Dery.
1993. P748
[161] ' In fact . I've .. .'. Sun Ra in Steve Dollar. Eight Rock Vol z No 3. 1993
P168. ' 1 am an .. .'. from Sun Ra. Poem. Sun Ra. 1994; ' When the army .. .'. Sun Ra in Wilmer.
1977, p 77
[162] 'Only one thing .. .'. Lewis Mumford. The Myth of the Machine in Brockman Ii
Rosenfeld. 1973. P104; ' kao-tic harmony '. track title Kao-Tic Harmony {Relic of Relics!.
Rhythim is Rhythim. 1992
[163] ' Space is a . . .'. Phil Cohran. Sleevenotes. Sun Ra and his Solar Arkestra. 1992; ' 1 was
USing .. .'. Tab Hunter. Sleevenotes to Sun Ra and his Myth Science Arkestra. 1992; ' What is
the .. .'. Space is the Place; 'This music is .. .'. ibid
• Earth Wind and Fire. I Am. CBS. 1979
· Genius/ GZA: Basic Instructions Before Leaving Earth from Liquid Swords. Geffen. 1995
· Herbie Hancock. Thrust. Warner Brothers. 1974
• Reece: EssR'ay {Reece Mix! from Forces. Network/ KMS 1994
· Rhythim is Rhythim. Kao-Tic Harmony {Relic of Relics!. Transmat / Buzz. 1992
· Sun Ra: Brainville from jazz by Sun Ra/ Sun Song. Delmark. 1956
• Sun Ra. The Heliocentric World of Sun Ra Vol z. ESP. 1965
• Sun Ra: Astro Black Mythology from Astro Black. Impulse. 1972
• Sun Ra and his Myth Science Arkestra. Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy. Evidence. 1992
• Sun Ra and his Solar Arkestra. Interstellar Low Ways (1960). Evidence. 1992
· Sun Ra and his Astro Infinity Arkestra. My Brother The Wind Volume II. Evidence. 1992
• Sun Ra and his Myth Science Arkestra. Fate in a Pleasant Mood/ When Sun Comes Out.
Evidence. 1993
• Sun Ra. I Am an Instrument. Blast First / Wire Editions. 1994
· Shuzei Nagaoka. Sleeve Art for Earth Wind and Fire. I Am. CBS. 1979
• Alien Nation. Graham Baker. 1988. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
• Blade Runner. Ridley Scott. 1982. Warner Home Video
· Brother from Another Planet. john Sayles. 1984. Arrow Film Distributors
· Intolerance. D. W. Griffiths. 1916. Vision
· La jetee. Chris Marker. 1962. Nouveau Entertai nment
· Night of the Living Dead. George Romer o. 1968. Tart an Video
• Planet of the Apes. Franklin j . Shaffner. 1968. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
• The Terminator. j ames Cameron. 1984. 4 Front Video
• Space Is the Place. Sun Ra and his Intergalact i c So lar Arkestra. 1994. Blast First Video
d
8[213]
Thoughtware: Cosmology of Volume
[164] ' The audience for .. .'. julian Schnabel. Basquiat; ' It 's like rewriting .. .'. Rashied Ali in
Wilmer. 1977. P234
[165] 'Ohnedaruth [john Coltrane) .. .'. Alice Coltrane. Sleevenotes to Alice Coltrane. 1971 ;
'Electric channels of .. .'. Marshall McLuhan in Molinaro. McLuhan !j Toye. 1987. P443
[166] ' Cosmic energy - atomiC .. .' . Alice Coltrane. Sleevenotes to john Coltrane/ Alice
Coltrane. 1968; ' Before Ohnedaruth's initiation .. .'. Alice Coltrane. Sleevenote Manifesto to
Alice Coltrane. 1972; 'embrace is so .. .'. ibid; ' Andromeda is a .. .'. ibid
[167] 'extraordinary transonic and .. .'. Alice Coltrane. Sleevenotes to Alice Coltrane. 1971;
'embraces cosmic thought .. .'. ibid; 'is reminiscent of .. .'. ibid
[168] 'She is a .. .'. Ameer Baraka . · Leroi jones. Sleevenotes to Alice Coltrane. 1968
[169] ' He always felt .. .'. Alice Coltrane. ibid; 'He was doing .. .' Alice Co ltrane. Sl eeve notes
to Alice Coltrane. 1978; ' 1 am looking .. .' . john Coltrane in Alice Coltrane. Sleevenotes to
Alice Coltrane. 1968; '1 do wish .. .'. Alice Coltrane. 1978
[070] ' Nuclear death gives .... Sylvere Lotringer in Virilio. 1983a. P1S8; ' plexus of voices .. .'.
A. B. Spellman. Sleevenotes to john Coltrane. 1965a; ' Most of the .... Archie Shepp in ibid;
' what the action .. .'. ibid; ' textures rather than .. .'. ibid; ' Coltrane's stress on .... · Sid ran.
1995. P148; 'a complex theory .. .'. ibid. P148; 'We' re taking them .. .'. ibid. Pl41
[071] ' We are getting .. .'. ibid. P141 ; 'an energy field .. .'. ibid. P148; 'Kiyoshi Koyama:
What .. .'. Thomas. 1994. p 210; ' When john Coltrane .... Sidran. 1995. P147; 'an instrument
which .. .'. ibid. P140; '" 1 perceived the .. ."'. Coltrane in Thomas. 1994. P2IS; ' When you trip
Manuel De Landa in Erik Davis. Mondo 2000. Nov 1992
[172] ' And the offerings .. .'. john Coltrane from john Coltrane. 1965C; 'It is the . .'. Pharaoh
Sanders. Sleevenotes to Sanders. 1967; 'The time feeling ... . Sidran. 1995. Pl 39
[173] ' So we sang .. .'. juno Lewis from john Coltrane. 1965b; ' 1 always thought . .'. Art Davis
in Thomas. 1994. P2IS; ' a musical one .. .'. Alice Coltrane. Sleeve notes to Alice Coltrane. 1978
[174] ' In all ritual .. .' . Wilmer. 1977, PH; ·AaaHaa. The Case of .. .'. Kirk. 1968 (Black Mystery)
· Ornette Col eman. Free jazz. Atlantic. 1960
· Alice Coltrane: Oceanic Beloved; Atomic Peace from A Monasti c Trio. Impulse! . 1968
• Alice Coltrane: Hare Krishna; Wars of Armageddon; The Ankh of Amen Ra; am Allah; Sita
Ram from Universal Consciousness. Impulse!, 1971
· Alice Coltrane with Strings: Galaxy around Olodumare; Galaxy in Turiya and Galaxy in
Satchidananda from World Galaxy. Impulse!. 1971
· Ali ce Coltrane: Andromeda 's Suffering from Lord of Lords. Impul se!. 1972
· Alice Coltrane. Transfiguration. Warner Bros. 1978
• john Coltrane/ Alice Coltrane: The Sun fr om Cosmic Music. Impulse! . 1968
· john Coltrane. A Love Supreme. Impulse! . 1963
· john Coltrane. Ascension. Impul se!. 196sa
• john Coltrane. Kule Se Mama. Impulse!. 1965b
· j ohn Coltrane. am. Impulse! . 196sc
· john Coltrane: Out of this World from Live in Seattle. Impulse! 1966
• j ohn Coltrane: Saturn; Mars; Venus; jupiter from Interstellar Space. Impul se!. 1967
• j ohn Coltrane with String Orchestra arranged and conducted by Alice Coltrane: Living
Space {Alice Coltrane Remix! from Infinity. Impul se!. 1972
· Egyptian Empire. The Horn. ffrr. 1992
8[214]
· Roland Kirk, Blacknuss, Atlantic. 1972
· Roland Kirk, Black Mystery Has Been Revealed from Left and Right. Atlantic, 1968
· Pharoah Sanders: Capricorn Rising from Tauhid, Impulse!, 1967
· Pharaoh Sanders: The Creator Has a Master Plan. from Karma, Impul se! , 1969
• Pharaoh Sanders: Let Us Go into the House of the Lord, from Deaf, Dumb and Blind,
Impulse! / Probe, 1970
· Pharaoh Sanders, Black Unity, Impulse!. 1971
· Pharaoh Sanders, Hum Allah - Hum Allah, Hum Allah, Impulse!, 1972
· Pharoah Sanders: Sun in Aquarius {Part I [j Part 21 from jewels of Thought, Impulse! 1973
, Sun Ra, Astro Black, Impulse! , 1972
• Bridget Riley, Phase, painting, 1962
• Basquiat, julian Schnabel, 1997, Pathe Distribution
C[ 215]
DATAMINING THE
INFOVERSE
jerome Agel (ed) , The Making of Kubrick 's 2001, Signet, 1970
Umbrio Appollonio, (ed), Futurist Manifestos, Thames and Hudson, 1973
Archigram, A Guide to Archigram 1961-1974, Academy Editions
j. G. Ballard, The Atrocity Exhibition, Pan, 1970
j . G. Ballard, Myths of the Near Future, Vintage, 1994
j. G. Ball ard, A User 's Guide to the Millennium, HarperCollins, 1996
Roland Barthes, Sa de, Fourier, Loyola, jonathan Cape, 1977
jean Baudrillard, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, Power Publications, 1995
Paul Beatty, The White Boy Shuff/e. Minerva, 1996
Michael Benedikt (ed) , Cyberspace: First Steps, MIT Press, 1991
Walter Benjamin, Illuminations, Fontana Press, 1992
Adrian Boot & Chris Salewicz, jimi Hendrix: The Ultimate Experience, Boxtree, 1995
john Brockman & Ed Rosenfeld (eds) , Real Time, Picador, 1973
Scott Bukatman, Terminal Identity, Duke University Press, 1993
William Burroughs, The Ticket that Exploded, Paladin, 1987
Pascal Bussy, Kraftwerk, SAF Publishing, 1993
Samuel Butler, Erewhon, Heron Books, 1969
Pat Cadigan, Synners, HarperCollins, 1991
Karel Capek, RUR, Rossum's Universal Robots, Vydalo Aventinium, 1923
Ian Carr, Miles Davis, Ouartet Books, 1992
Henry Chalfont & Martha Palmer, Subway Art, Thames & Hudson, 1984
Henry Chalfont & james Prigoff, Spray Can Art, Thames & Hudson, 1987
Mi chel Chion, AudioVision, Columbia University Press, 1994
C[216)
Arthur C. Clarke, How the World was One, Victor Gollancz, 1992
Peter Cook (ed), Archigram, Studio Vista, 1972
john Corbett, Extended Play, Duke University Press, 1994
jonathan Cott, Stockhausen, Conversations with the Composer, Robson Books, 1974
jonathan Crary !i Sanford Kwinzer (eds), Zone 6: Incorporations, Zone Books, 1992
DenniS Crompton (ed), Concerning Archigram, Archigram Archives, 1998
Critical Art Ensemble, The Electronic Disturbance, Autonomedia, 1994
Salvador Dali, The Secret Life of Salvador Dali, Vision Press, 1968
Salvador Dali , Diary of a Genius, Creation Books, 1994
Les Daniels, Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World 's Greatest Comics, Virgin Books, 1991
Les Daniels, DC Comics: Sixty Years of the Worlds Favorite Comic Book Heroes, Virgin
Books, 1995
Manuel De Landa, War in the Age of Intelligent Machines, Zone Books, 1991
Samuel R. Delany, Dhalgren, Bantam, 1976
Gilles Deleuze !i Felix Guattari, Anti Oedipus, Athlone Press, 1984
Gilles Deleuze !i Felix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaux, University of Minnesota Press, 1987
Gilles Deleuze, Negotiations, Co lumbi a University Press, 1990
Mark Dery (ed), Flame Wars, Duke University Press, 1993
Mark Dery, Escape Velocity, Hodder !i Stoughton, 1996
Philip K. Dick, Valis, Grafton, 1992
W. E. B. DuBoiS, The Souls of Black Folk, Signet Cl aSSiC, 1969
Ralph Ellison, The Invisible Man, Penguin Books, 1984
Brian Eno, A Year with Swollen Appendices, Faber !i Faber, 1996
M. C. Escher, Exploring the Infinite: Escher on Escher (trans Karin Ford), Harry N. Abrams
Inc, 1989
Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, Penguin, 1967
Gene Feldman !i Max Gartenberg (eds), Protest: The Beat Generation and the Angry Young
Men, Panther, 1960
Michel Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice, Cornell University, 1977
Suzy Gablik, Brand New York, ICA Editions, 1982
Hartmut Geerken !i Bernhard Hefele, Omniverse Sun Ra, Waitawhile, 1994
Nelson George, The Death of Rhythm and Blues, Pantheon Books, 1988
Nelson George, Buppies, B-Boys, Baps li Bohos, HarperCollins, 1992
William Gibson, Neuromancer, Victor Gollancz, 1984
William Gibson, Virtual Light, Viking, 1993
Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic, Verso, 1993
j ean-Luc Godard, Pierrot Ie Fou, Lorimer Publishing, 1969
Felix Guattari, Chaosmosis, Power Publications, 1995
joe Haldeman, The Forever War, Futura, 1977
j oe Haldeman, Star Trek: World Without End, Bantam, 1979
Donna Haraway, Simians, Cyborgs and Women, Routledge, 1991
David Henderson, 'Scuse Me While I Kiss the Sky, Bantam, 1981
Arthur jafa, 69 in Michele Wallace (ed), Black Popular Culture, Bay Press, 1992
Darius james, That's Blaxploitation, St Martins Press, 1995
George M. james, Stolen Legacy, Africa World Press, 1992
Allan jones (ed), First Among Sequels, BPC Paperbacks, 1996
Leroi Jones, Blues People, Morrow Quill, 1963
C[217)
Leroi jones, Black Music, Quill, 1967
Charles Keil !i Steven Feld, Music Grooves, University of Chicago Press, 1994
Kevin Kelly, Out of Control, Fourth Estate, 1994
Chris Kempster (ed), History of House, Castle Communications, 1996
Richard Kostelanetz (ed), john Cage, Allen Lane, 1970
Richard Kostelanetz, Dictionary of the Avant Garde, accapella books, 1993
Donna Kurtz, Kooks, Feral House, 1995
Michael Kurtz, Stockhausen (trans. Richard Toop), Faber !i Faber, 1992
Michel Leiris, Brises: Broken Branches, North Point Press, 1989
john C. Lily, Programming and Metaprogramming in the Human Biocomputer, Bantam
Books, 1974
Graham Lock, Forces in Motion, Quartet Books, 1988
Graham Lock, Chasing the Vibration, Stride Publications, 1994
Robin Maconie, Stockhausen, OUP, 1976
Larry McCaffery (ed), Across the Wounded GalaXies, University of Illinois Press, 1990
Marshall McLuhan, The Gutenberg Galaxy, Signet, 1962/ 1969
Marshall McLuhan, The Mechanical Bride, Beacon Press, 1967a
Marshall McLuhan, Understanding Media, Sphere Books, 1967b
Marshall McLuhan !i Quentin Fiore, The Medium is the Massage, Penguin Books, 1967
Marshall McLuhan !i Quentin Fiore, War and Peace in the Global Village, Bantam Books, 1968
Norman Mailer, A Fire on the Moon, Weidenfeld !i Nicholson, 1970
Philip Marchand, Marshall McLuhan, Ticknor !i Fields, 1989
Richard Marshall , jean-Michel Basquiat, Whitney Museum of American Art, 1994
Stephen Metcalf (trans and ed), Friedrich Nietzsche, Hammer of the Gods, Creation Books, 1995
Walter Miller, A Canticle for Leibowitz, Lippincott, 1960
Matie Molinaro, Corinne McLuhan !i William Toye (sel ec and ed), Letters of Marshall
McLuhan, OUP, 1987
Tim Nevill (ed), Karlheinz Stockhausen, Towards a Cosmic Music, Element Books, 1989
Friedrich Nietzsche, Untimely Meditations, Cambridge University Press, 1983
o[rphan[ d[rift ,l. o{rphan/ d{rift ,/, Cabinet Editions, 1995
Fernand Ouellette, Edgard Varese, Ca l der !i Boyars, 1973
Yambo Ouologuem, Bound to Violence, Heinemann, 1986
Robert Pepperall , The Post Human Condition, Intellect Books, 1996
Sadie Plant , The Virtual Complexity of Culture in Future Natural , Robertson, Mash, Tickner,
Bird, Curtis !i Putnam, (eds), Routledge, 1996
Ishmael Reed, Flight to Canada, Atheneum, 1976
Ishmael Reed, Mumbo jumbo, Alison !i Busby, 1978
Ishmael Reed, Neo Hoodoo Manifesto in jerome fj Diane Rothenberg (eds), Symposium of
the Whole, University of Chicago Press, 1983
Ishmael Reed, Shrovetide in Old New Orleans, Atheneum, 1989
Wilhelm Reich, The Function of the Orgasm, Bantam Books, 1967
Simon Reynolds, Blissed Out, Serpents Tail, 1990
Simon Reynolds !i joy Press, The Sex Revolts, Serpents Tail , 1995
Michael Richardson !i Kryzystof Fisalkowski (eds and trans), Refusal of the Shadow, Verso, 1996
Robertson, Mash, Tickner, Bird, Curtis fj Putnam, (eds), Future Natural , Routledge, 1996
Cynthia Rose, Living in America, Serpents Tail , 1990
Tricia Rose, Black Noise, Wesleyan University Press, 1994
C[218)
Andrew Ross [, Tricia Rose, (eds), Microphone Fiends, Routledge, 1994
jerome [, Diane Rothenberg (eds), Symposium of the Whole, University of California, Press, 1983
Ross Russell , Bird, Ouartet Books, 1994
Dorion Sagan, Biospheres, Arkana, 1990
jean Paul Sartre, What Is Literature? and Other Essays, Harvard University Press, 1988
Susan Sontag, Against Interpretation, Vintage, 1994
R. Murray Schafer, The Tuning of the World, Alfred A. Knopf, 1977
R. Murray Schafer, The Music of the Environment in Cultures Volume I No I , UNESCO, 1973
Ben Sidran, Black Talk, Payback Press, 1995
Gerald Emanuel Stearn (ed), McLuhan: Hot and Cool, Penguin Books, 1968
Bruce Sterling, Spook in Crystal Express, Legend, 1990
Bruce Sterling, Schizmatrix, Penguin, 1995
Bruce Sterling, Schizmatrix Plus, Ace Books, 1996
jay Stevens, Storming Heaven, Heinemann, 1987
julian Stallabrass, Gargantua, Verso, 1996
Neil Strauss (ed), Radiotext(e), Semiotext(e), 1993
Roger Sutherland, New Perspectives in Music, Sun Tavern Fields, 1994
Greg Tate, Flyboy in the Buttermilk, Simon [, Shuster, 1992
Greg Tate, Altered Spade: Readings in Race Mutation Theory in Andrew Ross [, Tricia Rose,
(eds), Microphone Fiends, Routledge, 1994
Eric Tamm, Brian Eno, his Music and the Vertical Colour of Sound, Faber [, Faber, 1989
j . C. Thomas, Chasin ' the Trane, Da Capo, 1994
Caroline Tisdall [, Angelo Bozzola, Futurism, Thames [, Hudson, 1977
Stephen Todd [, William Latham, Evolutionary Art and Computers, Acadamic Press, 1992
Alvin Torrier, The Third Wave, Pan Books, 1980
David Toop, The Rap Attack, Pluto Press, 1982iJ994
David Toop, Rap Attack 2, Serpents Tail , 1991
David Toop, Ocean of Sound, Serpents Tail , 1995
Roger Trilling [, Stuart Swezey (eds) , The Wild Palms Reader, St Martins Press, 1993
Amos Tuotola, My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, Faber [, Faber, 1990
V. Vale [, Andrea juno (eds) , Re/ Search 8/ 9: j. G. Ballard, Re/ Search, 1984
V. Vale [, Andrea juno (eds), Re/ Search 15: Incredibly Strange Music Volume II, Re/ Search, 1994
Rickey Vincent, Funk, St Martins Griffin, 1996
Paul Virilio, Pure War, Semiotext(e) , 1983a
Paul Virilio, Speed and Politics, Semiotext(e), 1983b
Paul Virilio, War and Cinema, Verso, 1989
Paul Virilio, The Lost Dimension, Semiotext(e), 1991
Paul Virilio, The Vision Machine, BFI , 1994
Paul Virili o, The Art of the Motor, University of Minnesota, 1995
Eric Weisbard with Craig Marks (eds) , Spin Alternative Record GUide, Vintage Books, 1995
Norbert Wiener, The Human Use of Human Beings, Free Association Books, 1989
Valerie Wilmer, As Serious as Your Life, Ouartet Books, 1977
jack Womack, Terraplane, Grafton Books, 1991
jack Womack, Elvissey, HarperCollins, 1993
jack Womack, Random Aces of Senseless Violence, HarperCollins, 1993
lanni s Xenakis, Formalised Music, University of Indiana Press, 1974
C[219)
Co Pilots: Steve Beard, Edward George, Mark Sinker.
Optimizers: Grandpa, Adelaide Eshun, Joe Eshun, Esi Eshun, Araba Eshun,
Ekow Eshun, Helen Boateng, Tony Boateng, Angela Ackun, Sam Mensah,
Kwesi Eshun, Thomas Eshun, Janet Karikari, Josephine Eshun.
Accelerators: Sadie Plant, J. G. Ballard, Marshall McLuhan,
Simon Reynolds, Greg Tate, Fred Vermorel, Paul Beatty, Archigram
(Ron Herron, Warren Chalk, Dennis Crompton, David Greene, Peter Cook,
Michael Webb), David Toop, Ian Penman, Chris Marker, Jack Womack,
Filipo Marinetti , Giacommo Balla, Umberto Boccioni , Maya Deren,
William Gibson, Samuel R. Delany, Yambo Ouologuem, Manuel De Landa,
Pat Cadigan, Ben Sidran, Masumune Shirow, Lynn Margulis, Rene Menil ,
lIya Prigogine, Arthur Jafa, Isabelle Stengers, Rodney Brooks,
O[rphan) D[riftl. Neil Kulkarni , Peter Shapiro, Dave Tompkins,
Suzanne Cesaire, Samuel Butler, Vera Chytilova, Nic Roeg,
Daniel Dennett, Ishmael Reed, Jean-Luc Godard, Michel Chion,
Tom Wilson, David Henderson, Geert Lovink, Aime Cesaire, Erik Davis,
Bruce Sterling, Jean Michel Basquiat , Robert Rauschenberg,
Gilles Deleuze, Frantz Fanon, Felix Guattari , William S. Burroughs,
Paul D. Miller, Paul Virilio, Matthew Barney, Colson Whitehead,
Bridget Riley, Christof Steinegger, Brian Eno, Nick Land, Francis Bacon,
Wong Kar-Wai, Oswald de Andrade, Leslie Fiedler, The Wire,
Wyndham Lewis, Katsuhiro Otomo.
Intensifiers: Ian Sen, Deirdre Crowley, Duke Odiachi, Stella Kane,
Jim McClellan, Travis, Jeni Glasgow, Tony Marcus, Matthew Collin,
Bethan Cole, Rupert Howe, AnnMarie Davy, Matt ffytche, Melanie Beer,
Pippa Moreau, Nadja Abdelkader, Dego McFarlane, John O' Reilly,
Sharon Bowes, Black Audio Film Collective (David Lawson, John Akomfrah,
Reece Auguiste, Avril Johnson, Lina Gopaul) , Orly Klein, Simon Hopkins,
Raymond Oaka, Stephen J. Metcalfe, Joy Press, Heiko Hoffmann,
Thaddie Hermann, Michael Cornelius, Peter Kruder, Ulf Poschardt,
Robert Jelinek, Hans Kulisch, Richard Sen, Lynn Leaver, Dympna Sherry,
Mark Fisher, Anne Greenspan, Cybernetic Culture Research Unit,
Richard Thompson, Viv Boyd, Elaine O'Donoghue, Olywn Doran,
Helen Leary, Helen Mills, Martin Takawira, Gideon Hollis, Adele Yaron,
Kevin Martin, Rob Bulman, Sean ' P-Ski ' Pennycook, Howard Hageman,
Adrian 'Blunt' Hughes, Hector Heathcote, Mick Kirkman.
In Memoriam: Michelle Stavrino
([220) ([221)
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At 17, Kodwo Eshun won an Open Scholarship to read Law at University College, Oxford. After eight days he switched to Literary Theory, magazine journalism and running clubs. He is not a cultural critic or cultural commentator so much as a concept engineer, an imagineer at the millenium 's end writing on electronic music , science fiction, technoculture , gameculture, drug culture, post war movies and post war art for The Face, The Wire, i-D, Melody Maker, Spin, Arena and The Guardian.

-01[-016]

-01[-015]

More Brilliant Than The Sun: Adventures In Sonic Fiction: Concept Engineered By Kodwo Eshun
More Brilliant Than The Sun is a machine for travelling at the speed of thought , a probe for drilling into new levels of possibility space . ' Its mission is to undermine the concepts this present has of "Health" and "Culture" and to excite mockery and hatred against these hybrid monsters of concepts.'

Q
Quartet Books

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written of the publisher. Ebbw Vale Intensify the Phonotron: ultra magnetic MCs Assemble the Cryptogrammatron: Rammellzee Escape into psychopathogenetics: Dr octagon Boddhisativa Explosion in slow Motion : Cypress Hill. Sunz of Man Boll Weevil Computer Brain : Funkadelic Chase Through the Headphones : Tricky 04[062] Inner Spatializing the Song [Towards a] MythScience of the Mixi ng Desk : The Upsetter 02[013] Transmaterializing the Breakbeat The Metamorphonic Machine is Motion-Capturing Your Nervous System : Grandmaster Flash. Gravediggaz. Knights of the Turntable Kidnapped by the Kinaesthetics of the Break: Mantronix and Chep Nunez Anachronic Cybernetics of the world: George Russell Electronic Swarm Program : Teo Macero & Miles Davis. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 0 7043 8025 0 Printed and bound in Gr eat Britain by Creat ive Print and Design Wales . The owner is invited to submit a claim for reproduction fees. Herbie Hancock . The RIA. 03[025] Sampladelia of the Breakbeat The moral right of the author has been asserted . Every effort has been made by the publishers to clear permiss i on for the use of the photograph on the front cover of this book .-01[-014] -01 [-013] DISCONTENTS OO[ -007] operating System for the Redesign of sonic Reality 01[001] World 4: Mutantextures of Jazz First published in Great Britain by Quartet Books Limited in 1998 A member of the Namara Group 27 Goodge street London W1P 2LD Copyright @ by Kodwo Eshun 1998 All rights reserved .

Model 500. A Guy Called Gerold 06[078] Programming Rhythmatic Frequencies Migration Paths Across the Vocoder Spectrum: Cybotron. Bam Bam... Electrifying Mojo Inside the Sanctuary of Shockwave: The Bomb Squad The Final Transmission from the Forever War: Underground Resistance Unknown Force:Offworld Mass:Oncoming Motion: scientist Materializing Offworld Revolutions : X-102 Discovers 'The Rings of saturn' For the Newest Mutants 08[138] Mixadelic Universe We Are in Your System: Parliament 09[154] Synthesizing the Omniverse [Dialogues Concerning] New World System Builders : Sun Ra 10[164] Cosmology of volume The Cosmic Communications Medium is an Evolution Engine: Alice Coltrane Coltrane Liquid Computer: John coltrane Shooting the Sun with a Miniature Sextant: Pharoah Sanders A[175] Motion Capture (Interview) B[ 19 5] Assembling the Connection Machine C[215] Datamining the Infove.se .-01[-012] -01[-011] 05[067] Virtualizing the Breakbeat Wildstyle Adventures in the Hyperdimensions of the Breakbeat: 4 Hero. Sleezy D . And Came Down in Techno City: Cybotron. Drexciya Rhythmatic Bachelor Machines : Kraftwerk Machine Tones for Psychic Therapy : The Jungle Brothers 07[093] synthetic Fiction/Electronic Thought Abduction by Acid [Curfew]: Phuture. lapp. Rob Playford and Goldie.

009] THE COOF THE FUTURHYTH EVOLUTION MACHINE .-011 -0 1 0] -011 .

. What else is there to add? All these troglodytic homilies are Great British cretinism masquerading as vectors into the Trad Sublime. its boosterism. its dj recipes . while only guitars can embody the zeitgeist. Since in this laughable reversal a lyric always means more than a sound. the bovine sense of good blokes together.with its hagiographies and its geographies .constitutes a colossal machine for maintaining rhythm as an unwritable. And this is why Trad dance-music journalism is nothing more than lists and menus. of business as usual. No Sleevenotes required . to drain its essence . Good music speaks for itself.-Oil -008) OO! -007) OPERATING SYSTEM FOR THE REDESIGN OF SONIC REALITY Respect due . Cut the crap . ineffable mystery . Allegedly at odds with the rock press . invoking a white Brit routine of pubs and clubs. You can theorize words or style . Back to basics . Just enjoy it . dance-press writing also turns its total inability to describe any kind of rhythm into a virtue. mediocre . its personality profiles . bits and bytes: meagre. You can see that the entire British dance press . Since the 80S. the Rhythmachine is locked in a retarded innocence . the mainstream British music press has turned to Black Music only as a rest and a refuge from the rigorous complexities of white guitar rock. miserly. but analyzing the groove is believed to kill its bodily pleasure.

' The music of Alice Coltrane and Sun Ra . in 4 Hero . Whether it's the Afro Futurist concrete of George Russell and Roland Kirk. All those petitions for HipHop to be taken seriously. reroutes and criss-crosses the B~ack Atlantic . The fuel this inertia engine runs on is fossil fuel : the live show . the Spectral Dub of Scientist and Lee Perry. Kelly. The history book that crams in everything only succeeds in screening out the strangeness of the Rhythmachine . for House to receive a fair hearing: this miserable supplication should have ended years ago . so you can ' t merely oppose a humanist rub with a posthuman Techno . the despotic Acid of Bam Bam and Phuture . the offworld Electro of Haashim and Ryuichi Sakamoto . A Guy Called Gerald . This digital diaspora connecting the UK to the US. The Outer Thought of Tricky. the Jazz Fission of Teo Macero and Miles Davis . the cosmophonic HipHop of Dr Octagon and Ultramagnetic MCs. however compelling. there is a none-too-veiled hostility towards analyzing rhythm at all. Optimize the ratios of excentricity. In fact the era when the History of HipHop could exhaust Machine Music is long over. amoral attitude towards the human species . of a 'webbed network' of computerhythms. scratches . The human is a pointless and treacherous category. Allergic to cybersonic if not to sonic technology. the Jungle Brothers with their remedy for HipHop gone i1lmatic. that maintain a hierarchy of the senses. Sonic Futurism always adopts a cruel . the Futurhythmachine has 2 opposing tendencies . Too much speculation kills 'dance music'. nourishing. Synthesize yourself. of Tricky and Martina . the Astro Jazz of Alice Coltrane and Pharoah Sanders . the true. 4 Hero and A Guy Called Gerald . and what real music really is . a ' transcultural. the mature. the Real Voice . machine mythology and conceptechnics which routes . Disco remains the moment when Black Music falls from the grace of gospel tradition into the metronomic assembly line . humanism is good for you . Rob Playford and Goldie . nurturing. the proper.in its drive to banish alienation. and emphatically 19th C. a moronizer placing all thought on permanent pause. the sinister phonoseduction of Parliament's Star Child. the Real Song. So no more forcefeeding you Bronx fables and no more orthodox HipHop liturgies . international formation . the Caribbean to Europe to Africa. comes from the Outer Side . From the outset . Instead More Brilliant than the Sun will focus on the Futurhythmachines within each field . tracks. present-day RuB is a perpetual fight for human status. Like Brussels sprouts . mainstream American media . this Postsoul Era has been characterized by an extreme indifference towards the human . but rather a magnification of certain very particular aspects of its hyperdimensionality . is in Paul Gilroy 's definition a 'rhizomorphic. At the Century 's End. the post-HipHop of The Jungle Brothers and Tricky. the proper album. And this is why nothing is more fun than spoiling this terminally stupid sublime . that petrify music into a solid state in which everyone knows where they stand. an applied art technology for amplifying the rates of becoming alien . No history of Techno . soulwarming and from Phyllis Wheatley to R. a {utureshock absorber. this insistence that Great Music speaks for itself. No pleas for Jungle to be accorded proper respect. such a book dispels the artifici a lity that all humans crave . for the BBC to give Techno a chance . despotic . 9 out of 10 cultural crits prefer their black popculture humanist. For there 's nothing to prove anymore: all these Rhythmachines are globally popular now. In its bid for universality. 2 synthetic drives : the Soulful and the Postsoul. Behind the assumed virtue of keeping rhythm mute. It alienates itself from the human . on the Unidentifiable Audio Object of X-f02 Discovers The Rings of Saturn '. Aerosoul art theorist Rammellzee and his myth illogical systems of Gothic Futurism and Ikonoklast Panzerism. the intelligent . And in synch with this posthuman perspective comes Black Atlantic Futurism . Ignoring that disco is therefore aUdibly where the 21St C begins . offering a close hearing of music's internal emigrants only . it arrives from the future . a yearning for human rights.00[-006] 00[-005] All today's journalism is nothing more than a giant inertia engine to put the brakes on breaks. of Underground Resistance and George Russell. by 'intellectualizing' it to death . the pure . the World 4 Electronics of Sun Ra and Herbie Hancock.compulsively deletes any intimation of an AfroDiasporic futurism . forever shielding its readers from the future 's cuts . and to recover a sense of the whole human being through belief systems that talk to the 'real you ' . But then all music is made of both tendencies running simultaneously at all levels . Too many ideas spoil the party. fractal structure '. Alien Music is a synthetic recombinator. There are more than enough of these already . . breaking America : all notions that stink of the past. the hyperrhythmic psychedelia of Rob Playford and Goldie. but instead a zoom in on the Underground Resistance WarMachine . the musical . a struggle for inclusion within the human species .

Like a headmaster. transeuropean and transafrican consciousness: affirmation . Rejecting today's ubiquitous emphasis on black sound's necessary ethical allegiance to the street. reconciles it to its naturally belated fate. Here sound is unglued from such obligations. staying black. to put out the sun . the chain reaction of PhonoFiction . These conceptechnics are then released from the holding pens of their brackets. ' Instead of theory saving music from itself. TechnoTheory. music is heard as the pop analysis it already is . endoscopes to magnify the new mindstates Machine Music is inducing. a compulsory logic explaining all Black Music. those painfully archaic regimes . theory always comes to Music's rescue. Here music's mystifying illogicality is not chastised but systematized and intensified . Today 's cyborgs are too busy manufacturing themselves across timespace to disintensify themselves with all the Turing Tests for transatlantic. which is to say its best excesses . One side effect of the alien discontinuum is the rejection of any and all notions of a compulsory black condition . staying true to the game. no NWA] and historical precedence [no lying griots . not much King Tubby. From Sun Ra to 4 Hero. CultStuds et allose their flabby bulk. politically. keeping it real. fabricate. socially. Stolen from Sleevenote Manifestos. In CultStud. it replaces them with nothing whatsoever . just a small side bet on the Stockhausen sweepstakesl. It moves through the explosive forces which technology ignites in us . it opposes common sense with the force of the fictional and the power of falsity. gaps. . Where journalism still insists on a solid state known as 'blackness '. representing. misused. MythScience is the field of knowledge invented by Sun Ra. the temporal architecture of inner space. genealogies or inheritances but rather through intervals. restores it to its proper place . music today is already more conceptual than at any point this century.001 -004] 001 -003] By contrast. synthesize. where postwar alienation breaks down into the 21St C alien. More Brilliant goes farther in . More Brilliant than the Sun's achievement. reins it in . retentions . paste and edit a so-called artificial discontinuum for the Futurhythmachine. as sonic theo rist Kool Keith suggested in 1987. until it eludes all social responsibility . manufacture.into MythSciences that burst the edge of improbability. pregnant with thoughtprobes waiting to be activated . they misshape until they become devices to drill into the new sensory experiences . these putrid corpses of petrified moralism : it treats them with utter indifference . or even science fiction. cut. So More Brilliant than the Sun draws more of its purpose from track subtitles than from TechnoTheory. therefore . A sample from Virilio defines it very simply: 'Science and technology develop the unknown . to eclipse reality in its wilful exorbitance . driven as far and as fast as pOSSible. the secret life of forms . becoming but a single component in a thought synthesizer which moves along several planes at once. alluring. It lingers lovingly inside a single remix . today's alien discontinuum therefore operates not through continuities. for ' telling your own stories in your own words '. breaks . It subdues music 's ambition . audiosocial space. alarming. Everywhere. their lazy. In More Brilliant than the Sun the opposite happens. for once: music is encouraged in its despotic drive to crumple chronology like an empty bag of crisps. Far from needing theory's help. Science develops what is not rational. the 'street' is conSidered the ground and guarantee of all reality. virtualizer George Clinton 's studio science of mixadelics . It turns away from roots. lard -arsed . and a term that this book uses as often as it can. TechnoTheory and CyberCulture . Alien Music today deliberately fails all these Tests . from its worst. living space . respect due. incites a proliferating series of mixillogical mathemagics at once maddening and perplexing. Producers are already pop theorists : Breakbeat producer Sonz of a Loop da Loop Era 's term skratchadelia. top-down dominance . It refuses entry to comforting origins and social context. goes to extremes to extrude the illogic other studies flee. explores the psychoacoustic fictional spaces of interludes and intros. all these conceptechnics are used to excite theory to travel at the speed of thought. conveniently mishearing antisocial surrealism as social realism . not knowledge. adapted from label fictions. It avoids the nauseating American hunger for confessional biography. More Brilliant dissolves this solidarity with a corpse into a f1uidarity maintained and exacerbated by soundmachines . The organization of sound is interpreted historically. to migrate and mutate across the entire communication landscape. is to deSign . theory teaches today 's music a thing or 2 about life . this project opens up the new plane of Sonic Fiction. thereby accentuating its unreality principle. It happily deletes familiar names [so no Tupac. which tracks Machine Music's lines of force . switched on. the discontinuum of AfroDiasporic Futurism . instrumental HipHop producer DJ Krush 's idea of turntabilization . pompous .

in which Electronic Jazz never arrived . More Brilliant is a mechanography. HipHop . as conviction collapses . UK and US dance media spring forward . but because music is the artform most thoroughly undermined and recombinated and reconfigured by technics. via the Technics SL 1200. a perceptual daze rendering today's sonic discontinuum immediately audible . it is itself a viral contagion . abducted by audio into the populations of your bodies . your first sound . Scientists set processes in motion which swallow them up : the scientist's brain is caught up in the net.are more than anything wish fulfilments : scenarios in which Acid never eXisted. Sonically speaking. AfroDiasporic Futurism has assembled itself along inhuman routes. The future is a much better guide to the present than the past. You are sensationalists. to maintain these traditions the producer always abandons . Techno and dub . You are willingly mutated by intimate machines . But machines don 't distance you from your emotions. the dancefloor. House. electronics . You are the newest mutants incubated in wombspeakers . Realizing thiS. its official histories . Acid. instead it dislocates you from origins . Sonic Science not only talks about cultural viruses. Alien Music is all in the breaks : the distance between Tricky and what you took to be the limits of Black Music. Media 's role is to defend an essence. along a broader band of emotional spectra than ever before in the 20th Century. You are not censors but sensors . the matrices of the Futurhythmachinic Discontinuum . the secret life of machines which opens up the vast and previously unsuspected coevolution of machines and humans in late 20th C Black Atlantic Futurism . between listen ing to Miles u Macero 's He Loved Him Madly and crossing all thresholds with and through it. 99 . soul. Acid's alien frequency modulation turns on its djproducers Phuture and Sleezy D and begins to 'stab your brain' and 'disrupt thought patterns '. be ready to trade everything you know about the history of music for a single glimpse of its future.forever . Sonic Futurism doesn 't locate you in tradition . Your mother. by warding off all possible infections : journalists become missionaries on behalf of HipHop . not aesthetes but kinaesthetes . A non-sound scientist like Richard Dawkins 'talks very happily about cultural viruses . This is because most recent accounts of Black Music . The bedroom. the gap between Underground Resistance and what you took Black Music to be. the posthuman era is not one of disembodiment but the exact reverse : it's a hyperembodiment. The hypersensual cyborg experiences herself as a galaxy of audiotactile sensations .OO[ -0021 00[-0011 It deserts forever the nauseating and bizarre ethic of ' redemption'. they battle for the soul of Techno.those which form the dominant humanist strain in the commemoration of Black Music. Sound machines make you feel more intensely.' Migrating from the lab to the studio. It's a sensational infection by the spread of what Ishmael Reed terms antiplagues. 'but doesn 't think that he himself is a viral contagion . The Futurist producer can not be trusted with music's heritage . Sound machines throw you onto the shores of the skin you're in. Drum 'n ' Bass . jazz. as either Black or Music .More Brilliant paradoxically ends up with a portrait of music today far more accurate than any realistic account has managed . Where crits of CyberCult still gather. The mayday signal of Black Atlantic Futurism is unrecognizability . Be prepared . It uproutes you by inducing a gulf crisis . . and it takes artificial thought to reveal this . in fact quite the opposite. Machine Music doesn ' t call itself science because it controls technology. the rave: these are the labs where the 21st C nervous systems assemble themselves.9% of them will lament the disembodiment of the human by technology. the party. By contrast . Such relief: jaws unclench. Electro . in which the Era of the Rhythmachine never happened. an omnidirectional exploration into mechano-informatics . Which is why at Century 's End you tune into sensory frequencies undetectable to the happy tinnitus of good solid journalism . leaving every old belief system : rock.' argues Sadie Plant. Yet in magnifying such hitherto ignored intersections of sound and science fiction .the nexus this project terms Sonic Fiction or PhonoFiction .

All hark back to before or after the Electronic Era that starts with George Russell's '68 Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature and ends with Macero's !J Miles 's Dark Magus in '75. ambitious and awe-inducing music to emerge from America. overwhelming ambition of this era . it is as if the Futurhythmachines of this Electronic Era had never existed . Electric jazz . Music has utterly retreated from the towering. jazz Fission America 's greatest moment . the Era when its leading players engineered jazz into an Afrodelic Space Program .has been utterly disappeared .00[000] 01[001] WORLD 4: M UTR NTEXTU RES OF JRZZ world 4 The last 2 decades of jazz constitute a collective machine for forgetting the years '68. just like Techno. an Alien World Electronics . 80S neo-classical. freejazz : all these bitter enemies are united in their absolute aversion / amnesia to the jazz Fission Age . 70S fusion . jazz rap . From Ra to George Russell to Miles !J Macero to Alice Coltrane to Pharoah Sanders to Herbie Hancock to Eddie Henderson to julian Priester to The Tony Williams Lifetime to Larry Young and on . But today in '98 . Electronic jazz is when the engineer crosses the glass . the Inner Space Age generated the most audacious. 90S Acid jazz.'75.

01[002)

01 [003)

peoples the world with hallucina tions. Astro jazz is Alice Coltrane blaspheming against jazz by remixing A Love Supreme. Jazz Fi ssion dissolves the border between mute and trumpet, wah-wah and organ , effect and instrument . Psychedelic Jazz derealizes sound into hornets and quasars . Cosmic jazz is unease, the monstrous deliquescence of the mixing desk. World 4 jazz is an ominous drift towards origins unknown .
Rttribute: Rssassin

Mixillogical

Jazz Fission did more than melt the hierarchies which jazz tradition works so hard to maintain . As the cyclotron that produced mutant matter and polyrhythmic psychedelias , it triggered a post-jazz universe . The dates for the assassination of jazz are numerous and all its assassins have long since stepped forward: Coltrane , Ornette , Ra , Miles . Unlike the Art Ensemble's declaration of jazz as 'Great Black Music', Futurhythmic Fission treats the Tradition as effects, inputs to be fed into its giant Connection Machine . Liquefying everything generates a confusion that quickly calcifies , into orthodoxy on one hand and into near-total amnesia on the other . Both responses were accelerated by the engineer-musicians themselves , who, dispirited and drained by poor sales , switched from fission to fusion and disparaged the Afrodelic era as a rash experiment , a failure .

For Russell, the Electronic Sonata is a global music, a ' panstylistic electronic tape ; a tape composed of fragments of many different styles of music, avant-garde jazz, ragas, blues, rock, serial music etc, treated electronically ... a palate upon which non electronic musical statements of a panstylistic nature could be projected. ' This convergence of collages turns the Electronic Sonata into a mixillogical machine: the fleeting friction of timbral incongruities, incompatible sound blocs rubbing against each other. Blurring the realtime < >tape distinction creates a fictional sonata of impossible music . The collage of heavy rock, Indian ragas and Moroccan voices is processed into an electromagnetic mirror mix, then looped into tapes which Terje Rypdal slashes at with guitar and Jan Garbarek corrodes with astringent tenor sax . Tape + electronic treatments + live musics = Texturological Stratusphunk: 'There are three people playing at once on that tape but the tape is so integrated with the other electronic material it 's hard to distinguish what's what. ' Electronic mirages descend in palls , shrouding the outlines of sound in amorphous reefs of fog through which midrange attacks surge .
Journey to the Centre of the Head

Anachronic Cybernetics of the World: George Russell

The 2 versions of composer George Russell's Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature, from '68 and '80, are auditions of jazz augmented for the unknown hazards of inner space. In the Cybernetic Age, jazz must move through the centre of the cyclone, implode and be reassembled as electromagnetic dub. Instead of invoking jazz as an art , a beautiful soul which defies the military industrial complex, Russell technologizes jazz until it becomes an art-industrial complex: 'The tape was prepared at the Electronic Music Studios of the Swedish Radio Ensemble on a huge computer. It is meant to suggest that man, in the face of encroaching technology, must confront technology and attempt to humanize it, to explore inner, as well as outer space .'

Unlike Holger Czukay's shortwave or Lee Perry's tv sampling, Russell's electromagnetic forcefield falls in a haze as indefinite as a neuromantic sky tuned to the colour of dead tv. The vapourdrift of tapehiss seeps through the jagged guitar signals and sax tones, derealizing the borders between live and synthetic nOise, and unreal and real time, into colourfields that flipflop at the periphery of perception . Listening to the Electronic Sonata , Events I-XIV is like growing a 3rd Ear. The perpetual palimpsest of impossible events demands a new neuromuscular interface. You become a human Oncomouse , ear sprouting from your neck in a fleshy umbrella .
Fragmental

At 6 mins fog seeps in over test-tones and clanking chains . Applied intensively, electrons confuse solids with signals and metal with information, mystifying the ear as sounds escape their acoustic body and shed their envelope to become formless . Space coagulates then crinkles, altering its density, convoluting perspectives until sounds reach you in fractions and fragments. Your powers of recognition are shot to hell as

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you move through a baffling republic of indistinct matter . Current attracts you towards a powerstation that shrinks into coins spinning on glass . At 13 mins everything is suffused in an unlocatable roar , heard through fog banks like Vittorio Gelmetti's ominous drones in Antonioni's '64 film II Deserto Russo. At 15 mins, Garbarek's Shepp-style sax, all acrid Twombly-ized scribbles, starts dueting with a high frequency. Violins swoop abysmally. Gravity drops out , opening a horizon at the far edge of perception . Organ spirals through in curling flames as African percussion fades into hearing. At 20 mins , OSCillators materialize into earshot, forming unknown metallophonic alloys, melding with marimba maze . 'The thing that sounds like a marimba is actually an old African man and his two sons . The voices heard on the Electronic Sonata are of a 70-year-old African and his two sons . An African lute is being used . A friend brought me a tape of Ugandan folk music so we just ran that through some ring modulators .' Textures superimpose each other before being swallowed up by the reverberations from a hidden powersource. At 23 mins, tape-simulated synthetic sonorities strafe across a harmonic curtain of church organ . Tumbling motion, like urchins drumming in the cavities of cast metal , slowly resolves itself into percussion , pulling focus on your hearing.
Textural strata of the Mix

The Conceptechnics of Destratified Dub

By reconfiguring jazz through the magnetic labyrinth, Russell and the engineers at the Swedish Radio Electronic Music Studio manufacture the magnetic vortex of dub in '68 . At 18 mins, percussion tumbles like a drum is being kicked over. The church organ plays underwater. Shortwave leakage fuses with the transient tones of radio , mobile and bell trees . At 22 mins, the drone modulates into the whine of aeroplanes taxiing on the runway. Sounds lose their harmonic profile, alter their stabilized identity in the electromagnetic process of folk implosion. Electronics, as McLuhan recognized , massifies listeners into electribes . But electronics doesn 't decant tribes from tradition into the present, because Trad sonic technologies are already futuristic . 'The old Norwegian church organ was the material this whole tape is based on in conjunction with this African music which fits into the world cultural implosion . I wanted to reflect the cultural implosion occurring among the Earth's population, their coming together. '
Subsumption Rhythm

In Part II of Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature, North African lute and voice signals travel across space, panning past each other . Hand drums throw out rustling bridges of intermittence. The second voice fades into earshot, materializing out of cymballic shimmer . The voices in Part II Event VIll exist in the simultaneous future - past time of the mix . The Sonata is mixology in un'real time . At 3 mins , Rypdal 's guitar crashes in . >is sucked into the maw of ring modulation . At 6 mins , the tape is treated until it becomes a ghost orchestra . Circled by escalating radii, you hear a new world , a wraithscape of delocalized chimes, echoes arriving from origins unknown , distant splashes. At 12 mins , space undergoes topologi cal involution , rotating oscillations through a helical scan . Bass and piano momentarily surface , acoustic reliCS flung from the edge of the electromagnetic vortex . At 16.50 mins, sheets of wah-wah cut through space, are baffled by a fogbank which falls before your ears . You stop hearing through to the guitar; the space through which sound travels turns gaseous . Instead of transporting sound, space thickens and impedes it.

Russell's magnetic mixology accelerates a discontinuum in which the future arrives from the past. The percussion choir is a Rhythmachine simplified by the tapedelay of Steve Reich-era minimalism. The Ghanaian drumchoir distributes polyrhythms into strata that Russell terms Vertical Form : 'In the African drumchoir, one drummer is the rhythmic gravity while the others gradually layer on sophisticated rhythms on top of this tonal centre. The whole isn't really evolving in a horizontal way; it 's evolving in complexity and density. It's vertical energy getting higher and higher, compounding. ' The drumchoir complexifies the beat into distributed Polyrhythmachines , webbed networks of poly'counter'contra'cross' staggered rhythms that function like the dispersed architecture of artificial life by generating emergent consciousness . Russell: 'Music is architecture. I build structures. Buildings go up - they're vertical forms. My focus is on the vertical evolution of a form, not necessarily on the horizontal / linear exposition of that form .' Rhythm = webs of intermittence , cyclic rhythms that are in synch but out of phase . The claSSical musics of the Ghanaian drumchoir, Balinese gamelan orchestras, Indian and Jajouka master musicians are what producer Kirk DeGiorgio terms ARTs - Advanced Rhythmic Technologies - already centuries old .

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The older the Rhythmachine, the more futuristic it is. For George Russell - like Stockhausen , Coltrane and Holger Czukay - to go back into a Ghanaian or Ind ian or Vietnamese sonic past is to go forward into a new future . To listen to an ART is hearing the evolution of technology 5 centuries down the line .

rebound off the walls of the webweave. On Macero's u Miles' Gondwana from Pangaea, the organ is sent through wah-wah until it plays sustained chords from an impossibly elongated guitar.
Destratifiers

Electronic Swarm Program: Teo Macero & Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock

The Medusa Complex of Mutantextures

Launched by producer Teo Macero and composer Miles Davis, amplified Afrodelia transmolecularized the solid states of sound into a continental drift. Inputs include Hendrix-era rock, fuzz, wah-wah pedals, Sly and the Family Stone 's spaced funk , the electronics of the clavinet , the Arp , the Moog, tape-delay dub , the tense nervous string attacks of Varese, the tabla and sitar of Badal Roy, the hyperrhythmic percussion webs of Hermeto Pascoal and Airto Moreira . Between '68 and '75, Macero u Miles , Hancock et al turned effects into instruments, dissolving the hierarchy by connecting both into a chameleonic circuit which generated new mutantextures . Amplified trumpet, wah-wah pedal, clavi net, echoplex unit, organ, guitar: all these became new instruments, grafted hybrids , unicorn sounds, centaur sounds . Effects are now acoustic prosthetics, audio extensions , sonic destratifiers , electric mutators , multipliers and mutagents. Cyberneticist Kevin Kelly hears an electronic ecology emerging, where ' one machine 's input is another machine 's output.' In this Medusa Complex of feeds and leads , sound machines 'form foodwebs ' and prey upon each other. In Herbie Hancock's '73 Hornets, the seething, treacherous 19 min 36 sec futurhythmaze exemplifies the mutagenic matrix . Passing the clavinet signal through the fuzz-wah pedal sends the synthesizer through the body of the guitar, producing a boaconstrictor tone that combines the clench of the clavinet with the choke of the wah wah . Moving through the echoplex , constriction is cloned from a singular sensation into an environment that dunks you headfirst in a horde of heat-seeking killer bees . Listening becomes a chase through the thickets of percussion . Motile tonalities , origin unknown, swarm after you , bugging you out as they disappear around the edges of the rhythma ze, obscured by overgrowth ,

Electronic effects are destratifiers because they dissolve the organization of the instrument, liquefy the stratification of sound . In the Afrodelic Era, effects defect from cause, redistributing themselves until it's impossible to hear which instrument generates which sound . A sound <> vision schizmatix emerges ; audio es'capes from its acoustic body, compelling a new menagerie of sound machinery, tweaking you to invent fictional instruments from World 4. The distinction between real music and soundeffects collapses, in a stream of sonic matter that crosses from the liquid state of piano sustain into the gas state of mute horn vapourdrift. He Loved Him Madly is all derealization, vapour trails of origin less sound , viscous drift of organ = trumpet = guitar. Macero remixes the organ from another session onto the PolyRhythmengine, filters the trumpet through the mixing desk, through effects designed by Columbia 's engineers .
The schizophonic Era

Schizophony is R. Murray Schafer's term for the audible inferno of the post-war soundscape , the era when industrial communications split sound from its sources, 'becoming a fearful medium because we cannot see who or what produces the sound : an invisible excitement for the nerves .' With Macero u Miles , schizophony becomes endemic.
Insectile Texturhythm

You're in what producer Dr S. Gachet calls the audiomaze , the electric insectland that incites invisible excitement . Invisible because albums from the Electronic Era teem with percussion that's evolved into unseen insectile lifeforms . The sleeve for '75 'S Dark Magus shows Miles wearing bug-green fly shades, adapting to the audiomenagerie by becoming insectile himself. Superfly shades access the tsetse fly 's magnified vision . Sight becomes compounded , triggering the reticulated hearing electroniC jazz demands. Chittering , cawing, creaking, shrieking, rattling, shaking: percussion becomes a nonlinear malevolence . Rhythm is a biotechnology . The

Hence the Rhythmengine of Maupin . writhing tactility. Klarwe. Tribal technology arrives from a marauding future.after '7"S Mwandishi and '72 'S Crossings . as his fingers play the synthesizer-control panel that will guide his ufo down through the purple mists and onto the mountain -top runway.' Electric machines feed forward into the past. loo ms o verhea d. soundings in paint which dramatize this electribal continuum. paradisical girl-boy couples .is taken up entirely by the malignant hybrids of Hornets. Tuotola opens a technology. With Bitches Brew Klarwein illustrates his electribal cyborgs. . the final album in his convulsive. the girl's hair twists into a swirl of striped gas that hurls itself across the thermal currents into a blue-black stormcloud . On the back.n Kelly The Para human Biology of Sound Machines In the Afrodelic Era. its mauve craters like planetary pus tules. clouds billowing . Crickets. Hancock 's clavi net and Buster Williams 's fuzz bass double each other in throttling chords that coil and unfurl like flaring cobras . like the Amazonian jungle or the Central African rainforest. a Babylonian <> Egyptian observation tower. weeps brown tears . Behind him is an azure Buddha mask with roseate eyes. Tuotola 's carceral Bush of Ghosts.n The Electribal Continuum<>The Past Arrives from the Future By the alien power of distributed being agents can be lifted into a type of colony intelligence by connecting them in bulk Kev. On the front .a pilot operator looking disdainfully out o f the bubble window. so the electric storm Simultaneously generates Dali 's atmospherocephalic current which produces the girl.. The skin hears the polyrhythmic shower as a creeping .fall through the body like rain through lianas. a singing man . On Sextant a North African boy and girl dance on a desert planed like a runway. floats past a ziggurated pyramid .from rattling to chittering .conduct these across the skin . Side 2 of '73's Sextant. face set in delirious concentration .01[008] 01[009] Hancock PolyRhythmengine is a biotech in perpetual motion . Patrick Gleason 's synth oscillates from bassdrones to treefrog croaks to squeals that lead into abysmal squawls. taking on Pygmy magic. For the cover to Thrust. his bony fingers pointing to the giant chain . the imminent threat of the groove . A giant moon . Against a star cosmos . Julian Priester 's bass clarinet insinuates a sinister motion like a subterranean sidewinder undulating over shifting sand. is a distributed biocomputer. Fugitive and tensile. an example of Kelly's ' massively pa rallel bioengineered adaptation . A cratered moon hangs over them . Flip the sleeve over and there's an alien African in a robe . is surrounded by a stellar forcefield. glimpsed overhead . Hancock 's an Afronaut . World 4 hyperrhythm makes audible the treacherous biocomputer of Amos Tuotola 's '58 novel My Life in the Bush of Ghosts. A giant chain of beads . Natural evolution is a computation a l process of adaptation t o an everchanging environment. Billy Hart's cymbal hiss simmers maintaining a pneumatic pressure which stokes the PolyRhythmengine. Percussion becomes a rhythm shower in which distributed beats treacherous underfoot. its 2 strands breaking out of an amulet like metallic antennae. My Life in the Bush of Ghosts accelerates ' the alien power of distributed being' into a medium . TV turns into a ghost medium haunted by the televisionhanded ghostess : 'When she told me to look at her palm and opened it nearly to touch my face. It 's a reversible weather circuit. treefrogs . brilliant World 4 Trilogy . Sudden yet imperceptible shifts across the amplified percussapellic field . The runway is Assyrian tech . Its t exturhythmfields are too distributed and too fugitive for the ear to catch . it was exactly as a television. across which signals and frequencies crackle into electromagnetic ghosts . ' It is the entire globe pulsating in my brain "'at. Against a trunkular superheavy bass. cicadas . the reverse of the calm black face with blue lips on the front. blocking out the sky. sun bursting behind it. hummingbirds flitting between the carbon-based rainforest . percussive strata and polyrhythmic engines converge in a zone of para human elusiveness .magic continuum in which radio becomes an Invisible Magnetic Missive sent to you from Home . an albino boy. with a city carved into the pl a teau . Mati Klarwein 's and Tadanoori Yokoo's Miles DaviS and Robert Springett 's Hancock covers are Sonic Visions . Henderson et al calling themselves ' Headhunters' . dropping body temperature as they writhe and seize the dermal terrain .

the gradual ominous buildup . Afrodelia triggers an alternating current of technology and magic in the Sleevenote artwork of Yokoo. Gunter Kieser 's '69 The Medusa Head poster shows Hendrix 's Afro electrified to transmit alternating current: 'Everything is electrified nowadays . are North African necromancers . In Yokoo's Agharta sleeve . Ignored on its release. the futurepast of time running backwards while it 's playing forward . Techno before the event that opens a new plateau in today's electronics. Diss o lve Techno 's faith in Kraftwerk as the foundation of today's . Herbie Hancock = Mwandishi. sitting on the edge of a wave which sweeps across the back sleeve into the black sea-depths of the front sleeves . We're making music into a new kind of Bible. The futuristic and the archaic reverse polarities . there's a new electronics of jagged edges .as a new panic dynamics . Nobu's sequences are the aural parallel of Op Art's retinal rivalry . On Mwandishi and Sextant. African-American Space Program . Hancock invents hi-tech fusion . anachronizing past and future into what Miles calls Yesternow . the title forms a phonotron that blasts off from a city framed in lush foliage and a red liquid flux which arches out of the skyscrapers . Buster Williams = Mchezaji. is a collapsed star in which the times between what's to come and what hasn 't happened yet implode and fold upon each other. a Buddhist <. This doesn 't ground them or earth them in their roots .' And the Gods Made Love psychedelicizes cybernetics by turning the guitar into a jetstream engine : a 90-second sound painting of the heavens . Nobu compels a switchback in time as its forgotten past arrives from the future to scramble the present. Or the tapes could be reversed in the studio by the engineer . There's a boat pulling in but there's no beach. Pan<>Alien Astro<>African Space Program Afro<>Electric Hendrix adopts Bob Dylan's Afro and wires it for feedback . screaming attacks and appalling pauses . it aerealizes them for take-off. Alien Astro <. On the back a tractorbeam draws a ufo out of a city and up through an underwater sky of coral reefs . The Past Feedsforward into the Future Klarwein. Tape plasticizes time into malleable material. Unable to resolve the Op Art image . the Herbie Hancock Septet take on Swahili names . Collapsar Electronic Jazz 's rapid transitions from extreme turbulence to prolonged static lulls suggest that it exists at the dissipative edge of ordered chaos . Yokoo and Springett exemplify Afrodelia . The scene's anachronized by a boy with the same Pharaonic profile as the ageing viziers . not melodiC but rhythmatic attack velocities . Effects inaugurate an alchemical era . As Sarah Connor says to Kyle Reece in The Terminator: 'You 're talking about things I haven't done yet. Benny Maupin = Mwile. in the past tense. standing in their white robes. Drumbeats are replaced by Moog texturhythms . Hearing wavers as it struggles to keep up with the track's psychoacoustic illusion of 2 speeds that run ahead of the electric piano 's bass rhythmelody. The necromancers are standing in water. It spirals off into a solo interrupted by open-throated choral chords which pull focus . Julian Priester = Pepo . making audible the chaotic order being discovered by Benoit Mandelbrot . zooming out to the endless horizon of the synthetic s ublime . Refugees huddle against the coast wind . The collapsar. Dr Eddie Henderson = Mganga . the eye vacillates . the abrupt cut-off attack . Springett and Klarwein . a Bible that you can carry in your hearts . and chase each other down into an anachronistic futurepast. Swahili septet launched on the Pan <. Chaosmos In the Age of Afrodelia. Billy Hart = Jabali. Instead. One that will give you a physical feeling.' World 4 Art-Sound opens up what Joe Haldeman in his novel The Forever War terms a collapsar. the jet-blue waves lap onto more water instead of a shore.01[010] 01[011] Crossings reveals that the wize ned men with elongated skulls . That is why the name Electric Sky Church flashes in and out. Its arrangement is what Patrick Gleason terms syntharmonic. alien visitors . With You 'JI Know When you Get There from '71 'S Mwandishi. With '74 'S Nobu. the jazz composer becomes the audio alchemist . Electric Jazz incorporates the sound of reversed tape . Whoever controls the effects controls the means of mutation . a slippage in time . a tone generator of sound spectra . I am Electric Religion . a science of nonlinear synthesis .

01[012] 02[013] electronics . we Clo exactly the same . Assembled from molecular components of rhythm. so to speak. ' Karlheinz Stockhausen has said . In music . Knights of the Turntable The possibility Space of Breakbeat Science 'The discovery of the DNA code . dj. go Wildstyle .' For Flash in '81 . instruments which renovate perception. transmaterializes your sensorium through the onomatopoeic illogic called HipHop. is focusing on how you can create different species of beings by starting from the very smallest particles and their components. World 4 Jazz is a transmolecularizer which fluctuates the steady states of organized sound . It just loses its sense o f itself as the definitive . a n ART that sets cultural velocity and cultural inerti a in motion . Atlantic Futurism is always bUilding Futurhythmachines . it feedsforward into the present . which synthesize new states of mind . In the lab . the Breakbeat is an Applied Rhythmic Techno logy. and invent new ideas . the Rhythmengine crosspollinates the eager fan . going to the lab means approaching the studio as a research centre for the breaking down of the beat. for example . With the collapse of Kraftwerk's consensual future . . sensory technologies . 'After I took the title [of Grandmaster Flash) I knew I had to start going to a laboratory. and Alien Music 's lines o f inheritance break up . Seeping in from the futurepast . single direction of music 's future . 'TRA NSM ATE RI ALIZ I NG THE BREAKBEAT 1 The Metamorphonic Machine is Motion-Capturing Your Nervous System: Grandmaster Flash. Techno doesn 't die. 'That is why we are all part of the spirit of the atomic age. anachronizing everything it reaches. the Breakbeat is isolated and replicated. By mobilizing rhythm s across the communication landscape . to become the DNA of rhythmic psychedelia . mixer and rap pioneer Grandmaster Flash extends and deepens this ' 71 observation .' By opening the possibility space of Breakbeat science.

Grandmaster Flash crosses the threshold of microrhythm : 'The Incredible Bongo Band. This plane of fantasy is Marshall McLuhan 's industrial folklore of Man gone supernova . a Violence against vinyl rather than respect due to the greats . It turns beats into sonic matter in flux . the virtuosi who force vinyl [in)to matter. phased and panned by the transformer switch. The HipHop fanatic lives inside the 12. For the funktionalist all the world is dubmaster Lee Perry 's 'Turntable Terranova' . the dj as DC Comics hero .02[014] 02[015] The Rhythmotor . this functionalism ignores history. and another archetypal example of futureshock absorption and [rlearview hearing. Voices are molecularized into chattering. the term 'Grandmaster' to levels of skills and depth of induction into the martial artform of dj-ing. where the tone arm is poised to circle the grooves of a flaming head . the noise of artefacts being obliterated into streams of vocal-vinyl matter. This new conceptual technology or conceptechnics presupposes t hat the decks have become a state of mind for the dj . Skratchadelia phaseshifts music into a new phonoplastic alloy. Flash cuts The Hellers 60S psychploitation album Singers. then known as Sonz of a Loop da Loop Era . a conceptual approach tow a rds sonic organization rather than a particular sound in itself. Bob James' Mardi Gras. fuzz . terms this 'skratchadelia '. Skratchadelia is a synthetic aestheti c of painstaking abuse and sonic sabotage . The name ignites an adventure of concepts. crackle . johnny the Fox. The Breakbeat is a motion -capture device . a movable rhythmotor that generates cultural velocity. Flash opens up a new micro-universe of split-second speech . To scratch is to evolve the turntables into a tone generator . The Bel/s. Enhance 57 : 19 until the same size as the stylus scoring its revolutions round the mind.The Amazing Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel . The flight of the stylus launches the 12 on its Journey to the Centre of the Head . The ' Flash ' points to the Supersonic Science of skratchadelia . Breakbeat wizard Droppin' SCience . allows HipHop to data mine unknown veins of funk. a word-molecularizer. 'You say' . who lly tuned In and turned on by the found noise of vinyl degeneration that hears scratches . haloed by the turntable . By breaking down the intro into 2 words. Talkers. hiss a nd static as lead instruments . the turntable becomes a machine for building and melding mindstates from your record collection . HipHop 's admirers always applaud skratchadelia for its percussive qualities . Robert Del Naja's paintings for Mo Wax's '96 Headz 2 CD.'Grandmaster Flash ' . As DJ Shadow suggests . The .in '93 . The conceptechnics of the Turntable In mythifying the decks as the 'Wheels of Steel' . a fusion of sensations that catalyses a virtual world at what David Toopcalls 'the fantasy level' . After Flash . the dj becomes an initiate. superhero and Shaolin 'in a mythical battle' . gibbering textures . 16th notes . Swingers and Doers.' Both the name . Adventures is therefore the operating manual of all skratchadelia. It amazed me sometimes .are Sonic Fiction . I would really like "pop pop pop pop poppoppop u u u". to groove-rob not ancestor-worship . Indifferent to tradition . But this is both lazy and vague . actuators . To call it 'percussive ' is as feeble as calling the rhythm synthesizer a 'drum-machine '. shrinks With Flash. opera ting on its children 's story. I would like break the shit down to 8th . rides across t he surface of the sleeve . Skratchadelia isn't a rhythm so much as its wreckage made rhythmiC . Only for the obliterati. a surgical excision of drums and bass hi-tension from tradition . inducted into a Microsonic Science which converts voices into new rhythm effects . ' Skratchadelia = Wreckage Made Rhythmic Investigating the building blocks of the beat. You can see Turntable Con sciousness in 3D <. Scratching destratifies voice and vinyl into new textures standing on the border between solid and liquid . Players.which is frequencies rather than kickdrums. Adventures drags you into the performative world where syntax splits into kommand modules instruktion engines . become a subjectivity engine generating a stereophonics. Bongo Rock. a detachable Rhythmengine . Flash inaugurates the machine mythology of the turntable . The break is any short captured sound whatsoever. protecting you from what you're hearing . the TechniCS deck. The turntables. into globules of pitch that grumble and shift along the spectrum of TechniCS speed . a furiOUS impatience with funk . The name Grandmaster Flash brings together comics and kung fu movies . Skratchadelia is really conscientious desecration. HipHop is therefore not a genre so much as an omni genre . a hifl consciousness of the head .and the '81 track title . a defamiliarizer.

it rewinds itself. Each time the voice sounds different . Phase 2 : the rhythm synthesizer . ' I was like a human sampler so to speak. hypes itself every time you play it . from the group to the dj. faster. Adventures carries out its command s by itself. blocs of rhythmic basstexture shredded like classified documents : 'Grandmaster cuts faster. inducing a powe rful sense of awe as Flash drops the needle on the beat into a burst of 30 S spacewind and a Flash Gordon film sample cut off to announce the emergence of 'The Amazing Adventures of Flash! ' Skratchadelia replaces the chorus with the drastic tempo change . crossing thresholds : ' Leave that shit alone. the rumbling wheeze of the scratch doubles up the bassline and guitar feedback which builds like an aeroplane taking off. The critic Nelson George identifies its functions as : cutting into syntax. DJ Kool Herc. In the studio. that s hit wa s cutting itse lf. a record that scratches itself as it plays. it went pretty much like this. The song becomes a perpetual crossing of rhythmic thresholds . In Adventures. Grand Wizard Theodore. As Queen 's Another One Bites The Dust plays on one deck . see . slightly slurring . Go smoke a cigarette or something. I was born .. less harsh. It stops . When the rest of the line is finally played . Phase 3 will be the sampler. the groove of the Rhythmengine running by itself. I heard it in the ear-piece first . We called this cutting . the opening phrase o f Spoonie Gee and The Sequence 's '81 Monster jam. By dropping the needle on the vinyl at the right pOint.' Wh a t Bambaataa. 'You say one for the trouble '. 'Grandmaster. My mind ain't nuthin but a big 01' collage Hew Kingdom RutoCreation The 12 becomes a record that cuts itself on your decks. Connect*i*cut Cut Creation The cut is a command. slowing down on the 4th . . a long time ago . cutting Nile Rodgers' Good Times bass riff until it explodes between each vocal sample . the sense of standing on the verge of getting it on. It makes you sound like a good dj .. a technical and conceptual operation which cuts the lines of association . Bass and word-order act as alternating punctuators . ignoring intention and tradition to capture its motion : the charge and pull of the beat and the bass . ' Bass . Limb by limb . it took maybe four shots to get right . if that was possible. in Animus . Adventures is a machine for transmitting the advanced techniques of the cut. Well. crowd-cheers anticipate your applause . Muffled studio voices cheer at the ascent until the track shockcuts to Chic's Good Times strings . discarding The Song . I got it down within two hours . 'Cuts . Rhythm migrates from the drums to the Technic s. from the studio to the bedroom . 'Cut . 'Why don 't you tell me a story? Please tell me a story too. Breakflow scales across the globe . turning rhythm into a series of peaks and drops .' Bass . Chic's orchestral attack is propelled across the sensorium. Grandmaster Flash are human samplers who isolate the Breakbeat by cutting right into the funkengine. the drummer is transferred to the machines . punch-phasing each word order.. The stammer of the new . Flash isolates the phrase and magnifies the command to cut . Each cut magnifies the words so you hear in c10seups which expand space until it blows up. switching tempos with a jolt that lights up the nervous system. If I messed up I erased it and went straight back to the beginning.' Bass .02[016] 02[017] incised dialogue nestles up to the ear in intimate closeup . North Dakota . The break intensifies the rhythmic flow it cuts into. You know I think I' ll tell you the story of my life .. As soon as cutting emerges . As Ice T grasped on listening to DJ Zinc's Supersharp Shooter Remix: 'The record itself does what the jungle djs do . cuts . is broken down to 'you say ' repeated 7 times . the ga it motorized by the deck's direct drive . Therefore the track doesn't start and develop sequentially but instead begins over and over .' .' The Chic bass riff explodes between each order to cut . the chorus discharges itself inside your head in a bolt of plosive phono-power. Flash et al enjoyed about Kraftwerk 's Trans Europe Express was its automotion ..' at which point Flash grates the vinyl into 9 harsh scratches. After about three weeks of picking out the tracks that I wanted to use. The scratch builds up tension. Phase 1: the decks . The intro multiples into variations of itself. I thought this might sound interesting if I could figure out a way to make it sound less noisy.

"That's the wrong thing. the mindstate in which John Cage is Flash's precursor. changeable . when the machine generates a new sound autonomously. I kept running the track back and hitting the Emulator. an Assault Technician who reorganizes the sound of Trad tonalities . To become pop means to become ubiquitous. II-year-old Grand Wizard Theodore . With Marley Marl. in '81 / 2 the Emulator EI sampler discovers this for itself and then uses Marley Marl as a medium through which to replicate breaks on such productions as '85'S Marley Marl Scratch and '86's Eric B is President: 'I could take any drum sound from any old record. And we found it. the scratch becomes a medium . Marley Marl doesn ' t discover how to sample the break .1. the scratch is a meta-technique that makes new instruments from old instruments : 'Doing Bring the Noise. Instead of emulating a known sound . The dj is a tactilist who goes on a journey of the hands. Now you can hear Cage in '37 as a lonely turntablist with no audience to play for : ' Given four film phonographs we can compose and perform a quartet for explosive motor.' Terrorwrists Terminator X speaks with his hands : to scratch is to think with vinyl. the dancestep disc : after Adventures. uses Phuture to replicate . without a human agent. how do you cut . The Future is an Accident consciousness . switched on . Adventures is a Kinaesthetic Kontrol Kommand-engine telling you how to cut while warning you not to bother trying. It opens and shuts a new artform . all these inert components suddenly become usable. his role is to sharpen the scratch into a cutting device. Turntable Consciousness Adventures generates a turntable awareness which becomes a turntable With Adventures. we tried to find a scratch part that would fit in on the last verse . opens up a new Rhythmachine discontinuum . Then I looked at the engineer . Decks ruined. It's being activated . The distributed brain of the hand emerges with its own point of touch . put it in here and get the old drummer sound on some shit . It's the backward scratch of a guitar. the future arrives as a mistake ruled out by the preset : 'At first I was like . Triggering flightpaths of dis <> respect through your records. an environment like electricity. Skratchadelia releases the avant garde from its citational cells by liquefying its sanctioning institutions . dropping the needle. Cage scratches long before the first turntablist. scored for manipulated turntables." but the snare was soundin ' good. Yet Cage is not the original Cut Creator . Rather. It shows you a field of techniques and the apotheosis of those techniques simultaneously. In '87 the 303 discovers Acid on its own. With the Adventures 12. The decks. music crosses a threshold. the arm.02[018] 02[019] Activate the Instruktion Engine The Medium is the Mindstate The 12 is no longer an inert vinyl disc . a manual memory of terrorwrists and scizzorhands . The dj therefore now becomes a Track Attacker on lead scratch. AutoCatalysis is when sound emerges by itself. then Public Enemy's Terminator X in '91 focuses on the edge of the cut . making predecessors into precursors. Skratchadelia is the medium. No more of that dull DMX shit. a snare went through. the basic components of sonic mutation . With '37'S Imaginary Landscape NO. heartbeat and landslide. vinyl abused . 'I wanted to sample a voice from off this song with an Emulator and aCCidentally. Each cut / scratch scores new neural pathways across the brain . and a technique of extreme virtuosity that hardly anyone grasps . techniques replicated and multiplied by new mistakes how do you scratch. The Roland TB303 Bass Line rhythm composer engineers its own audiomatter. It 's phaseshifted . Pop always retroactively rescues unpop from the prison of its admirers: here Flash comes to Cage 's aid . the teach-yourself-French records. until it incites an edge of panic. the flight of the stylus. you can follow this process of AutoCatalysis very clearly. the track is now a machine that transmits instructions on how to play it. opening up a new field of objectile thought : fingertip perception. If Flash in '81 is obsessed by the cut. The instruction LPs . Because the command to cut the vinyl is stored on the vinyl . these are all kinaesthetic engines which capture your motion .for this would be to confuse the banal fact of prior birth with precedence and creative priority. needles fucked.' New sound emerges as a machine error .' Skratchadelia is both a ubiquitous environment which everyone takes for granted.' All these new sound worlds begin as accidents discovered by machines . As Chuck D elaborates . In the realm of Sonic Fiction. wind. A machinic lifeform emerges from the sampler on its own .

The vinyl phonomotor In skratchadelia. In Fresh Mess the warning against cutting vinyl is cut up . breeds it into a new sonic Iifeform . The combined arts juggle the beat and fluctuate the tempo into a rhythmatic echomaze . The warning not to adjust has just been adjusted . As the subtitle to Fresh Mess I. the carchase is rescored for the destabilized turntable . Cutting disorganizes syntax. Each scratch slows down.for new sonar systems don 't emerge from misusing the machines. Your record collection becomes an immense time machine that builds itself through you . mourns no missing sound . From Orson Welles to Parliament to The Bomb Squad to UR . Your record collection now becomes an ongoing memorybank in which every historical sound exists as a potential break in the present tense . noise and scratch . It emulates no existing sound. 0)producers like to say that Machine Music comes from fucking with the rule book. Your breakdown is their breakup. receivers who can hear a new world in its garbled frequencies .02[020) 02[021) and said. Jam your Radial makes clear. In Adventures. Chronology collapses into mixology. blocs of propulsive plosion stalling and stuttering at 120bpm . and compels the human towards inflexible . Syllables speed away from the order of syntax . Scratching disarticulates words into blocs of motormouthed texturhythm. A trialogue for plosion. AutoCotolyser Turntobilizotion = AutoDestruction Machinic AutoCatalysis opens up new vectors of technology . Skratchadelia encrypts its tones. becomes an alien signal which inhabits the spirit of broadcasting. the command to cut vinyl is stored on the vinyl. The Knights of the Turntable make vinyl a phonomotor. it optimizes it into new possibilities . Here the request 'Do not attempt to adjust your radio ' is subjected to the process it warns against. only to be ambushed again . . but in the telecommunicating sense of noise overcoming signal. impalpable parameters . Rather the machine forces music into inhuman directions . The producer follows the trail blazed by the error. "You know what this means?! " All at once there 's a 'sudden multiplication of dimensions of matter '. manifests communication breakdown and makes technical difficulties audible . but instead starts from the bad and the unmusical.. With Grandmaster Flash the command is subjected to the process it describes. radio is the invisible pathway through which audio invades the Earth and broadcasts to the planet. so that content cancels process . Kidnapped by the Kinaesthetics of the Break: Mantronix and Chep Nunez Every second of time the Breakbeat takes across the 12 is bitterly resisted on the battlefield of the sensorium . '73 is replaced by plus 5 on the turntable pitch adjuster. Your body is a .. Acid hears the TB303'S frequencies just as they are . Here you hear the wistful residues of punk-era resistance . turntabilization = jamming. To follow the Breakbeat is to reject this [r)earview response . Jungle accepts the rigidly quantizing function of the Cubase virtual studio . Syllables turn into phonomotors which screech around the turntable at direct drive velocity. Acid amplifies these constraints as much as possible. igniting an intense satisfaction . Clenched resistance to rhythmic psychedelias usually manifests as a return to mere musicality . Skratchadelia becomes interference which breaks up the transmission . New music gives the finger to the system . freaking with the formula . Not jamming in the Milesian sense of the combustible Rhythmengine. In their '85 Fresh Mess r. Words lose their sequential meaning and turn into morphemic motors . to land on the planet of your body made newly audible by rhythmic transvaluation . The track immolates itself as it plays. demanding alien listeners tuned into the open secret hidden in static. a turntabilization in which the Wheels of Steel are overridden until they crash . AutoCreation gives way to AutoDestruction .. The Rhythmachine captures your perception as it switches from hearing individual beats to grasping the pattern of beats . Jam your Radial. Fresh Mess cuts the warning ' Do not attempt to adjust your radio ' into consonants that skid and slide . erupt out of skratchadelia . It doesn't revolt against the digital grid. reverts into a squall of lead guitar into syllables which detonate. the time of the mix where the location of a bass note in space time gives way to spacetime dislocation . so that content coincides with process.

King of the Beats imposes a state of i·nertia from the start . As it fires across the synaptic junction. tug at the armpits. intelligent Techno. Returning to the values of musicality always rests on the dependable virtues of harmony and difficulty. To the rear. Likewise. a rolling plain of polyrhythm that lifts the limbs. The indecipherable golem gargle in Mantronix's Electronic Energy Of. the radio sample used in Lesson 3. With Mantronix's 1988 Kings of the Beats. The Song disappears forever in a polyrhythmodynamics of tense presents and pressure drops . 'Mars needs '. The single snare of Loop 3 hits like someone knocking on a door. intensities and pressures. stalls and stutters. because you're going against the nature inculcated into you by an oldworld audio order. reinvested in the age-old values of refinement and sensibility. brings on a hi-tension. It 's answered by Electronic Energy Of . a specialist in kinaesthesia. cerebral music therefore retards you by reimposing a preindustrial sensory hierarchy that shut up your senses in a Cartesian prison . the body is a large brain that thinks and feels a sensational mathematics throughout the entire surface of its distributed mind. drops and rises. makes a brave stand for originality. math rock. then seep across the back as sirens loop into high frequency swarms. Abstract beatz. veers from drumstates of anticipatory inhibition to pent-up propulsion and back again . Each cycle stalls the body in a throttled tension punctuated by horns that punch phase like the brass constructions of the JBs. The Breakbeat drives new pathways through the brain. locks you back in the prisonhouse of your head. Instinctive shudders at rhythm are elevated into an ethical standard for sound. Far from being futuristic . pure. proper and true. Editor Chip Nunez microsplices tape of The Winstons' Amen Brother break into a polyrhythmic arrangement of looped loops. refined into proper Techno for true people. The effect oscillates between the impedimental and the impellant. Loop is metronomic beat plays over a radio sample and a drumroll fanfare. Sped up. Roaring cymbal-rush maintains anticipation without release. the double impact causes a wavecrash of kicks and accents.. The Thermodynamics of Conundrums Becoming beat educated takes far more effort than becoming a classical composer. pressure drops for hooks. Nunez 's and producer Kurtis Mantronik's Tokyo Tower of percussapella alters the density of the distributed body. rhythm becomes thermodynamic. clever music amputates the distributed mind. these clever genres for stupid people resurrect the premodern opposition in which the mind is bizarrely superior to the body. a slipstream of texturhythmic polycollision . march! The connoisseur rallies to the gerontocracy of musicianship.. this flipflop between rhythmelody and texturhythm drastically collapses and reorganises the sensorial hierarchy. converting The Song into a valley of intensities . By frustrating the funk and impeding the groove. Loop 2 of King of the Beats doubles rhythms so the tempo wrongfoots you. The kinaesthete overrides that pre-modern binary that insists the dance floor is all mindless bodies and the bedroom nothing but bodiless minds. stoking the pressure . Breakbeat Consciousness As beats expand across the track. Learning pattern recognition. in Eric Band Rakim 's '87 You Know You Got Soul. . swears an oath to quality. When music is praised as real. 's compressed robovocalization . all the ideals disappearing fast in a pop world long since shot to pieces. . it blocks empathy while fissuring new synapses through the matter of the mind. The beat suite substitutes molecular changes for choruses. the sound of a dalek in traction. King of the Beats tattoos you with its grooves. builds the sense of being trapped inside a room. the tempo becomes the hook. impresses the gravity of rhythmic thought on you. Beats drag. the sensorial flinch is translated backwards. peaks and plateaus. When 2 beats converge and the rhythms roll against each other. proper Drum'n'Bass. bounces back off a looped fanfare in a contra rhythm flow. then it's too late: decay has set in and the maggots aren 't far off. The Body Is a Large Brain Man + Electronics = Mantronix For the 90S rhythmatician. until rhythm tumbles in a stampede through your big brain. the beat before the chorus accelerates 7 times faster than usual. Aggressively unpitched. press down on the shoulders. repeats 3 times. Double Dee and Steinski's '84 short-attention-span pausebutton-edit epic. which are raised to moral principles.. It demands a Breakbeat consciousness that turns you into a rhythmatician .02(022) 02(023) distributed brain which flips from the sound of each intensity to the overlapping relations between intensities.

Each loop trains the obstinate body until it recognizes its endpoint . gets into the groove . tug at the muscles of your mind. It breaks the morpheme into rhythmolecules .producer-rapper Ced Gee. a mythology of the sampler. As you 're ambushed by beats. charging breaks dock at your joints. with the unstable world of cosmophonic forces released by the sampler. On Brainiac. dj Moe Love. ' building molecules o n my SPI2 . with Ultramagnetic MCs' debut album Critical Beatdown. conceptechnician and vocalist Kool Keith . Sampling has cracked the language into phonemes . Tracks become Sonic Fictions .initiate a cosmogeny of sampl a delia . lives inside the tense present of the loop . the Ultramagnetic producer becomes the Brea kbeat Scientist . Each cycle slips out of memory as if the body refuses to realize that it 's hearing the same beat every time. they build a new psychomotor from the old you . rapper TR Love. SFlMPLFlDELIFl OF THE BREFlKBEFlT Intensify the Phonotron: Ultramagnetic Mes In 'SS. Ultramagnetic MCs . The Song is in ruin s. Only science can ride the shockwaves it has instigated. the electromagnetic waveforms accessed through sampladelic operations.02(024) 03(025) Looping the break tricks the ear into hearing a continuous beat. The human organism is flying apart. There's a psychoacoustics of rhythm : the big brain anticipates the cycle . The Breakbeat becomes a mnemonic . Bodies starts to remember the point when the beat loops back on itself. Ultramagnetic MCs are obsessed with the field of force that technology ignites in us.' . Treacherous underfoot . HipHop becomes computer music . sonar systems through which audios hips travels at the speed of thought.

All these elements of the sampladelic world coalesce in an Ultramagnetic forcefield. Brainiac's syntactic -abulary machine sparks new synaptic junctions. broadcasts it in mad squealing synths radioactive drones switching into crackles.' Kool Keith's insistent stress on final and first words frustrates the flow. The self doesn't split up or multiply into heteronyms. For Kool Keith. its syntactic prosthetics occupy your brain.' The Hypoatomic Universe Hypoatomic energy irradiates the Song with soul sonic force. There is no one processing agency. words are machineparts . like power being thrown so that the . The Ultramagnetic lyrical engine operates by 'combinating elements'. What's wrong with my mind? ' The Psyborg is swallowed up by the kinetic energy which creates it. Hip Hop begins as an analogy engine. which joins exquisite to inquisitive. while the Technics keeps turning. Kool Keith's various heteronyms . intensifies the crackup and the breakdown . Kool Keith uses HipHop to organize his 'de lirious insane ' condition. the phonoengine functions 'like a Commodore computer' by 'inducing meaning to its limit. Multiple personality is no syndrome or disorder but a relaxation . Star Trek theme pulsations synthesizing the human into a SonoCyborg. I Is a Crowd Instead of putting the scientific self back together or mending the broken fragments of the cybernetic psyche. HipHop Is an Analogy Engine The Ultras sample is a door opening onto kids playing far off.' Ain 't It Good to You diagrams the hydraulics of the Ultra sonomachine in its hazardous journey across the head. using these machineparts of 'voca b ' to 'connect the abulary'. X-Calibur . converging until they ' roughly emerge as a soul mechanism . through 'brains pumping gasoline'. Hospitalized at Bellevue. Bring It Down to Earth typically switches tempo. assembling a PhonoFiction of concrete irrationality. >scatters the mind . to be soldered together into Unknown Audio Objects. a giving into rather than a fighting against the brain as a society of mind. Roaming over the wreckage of songs. in which the I is like = like = etc. Phonopower flow[erls through the neurocircuits along ' rhymes in my tank'. turning delivery into a zigzag of staccatoing syntax that functions by 'eleva ting a physical source through particles'. The Magnetic Mutation of the MC Rather. a crowd of synthetic subjects. consonants which fire at 45 revolutions per minute until 'the auditory canals are burning. This phonoextension is why HipHop takes over space in your head . new pathways for 'fuel' to 'ignite blood pressure above the brain level. the self no longer amputates itself down to a single part but instead asserts that I is a crowd.' The archetypal Ultramagnetic MC track has a spaceship drone running through it . dissolve into a timbral tension without release. It releases verbivoco objectiles.03[026) 03[027) We're opening the magnetic field Ultramagnetic /lfCs The Fallout from phonemes MCs' Ultra [Part I/} announces the Ultramagnetic world of molecularhythm. take up your mind .are agents. Morphemic radiation mutates the MC. igniting the 'meter and gauges' that crank out new ' lyrical engines' . In Smoking Dust. by terms like Critical Beatdown's 'exq uisitive ' . intelligence isn't central and everyone hears voices talking in their heads all the time. adapting the scientist into a soul mecha. granting new powers of 'ultrapower flowing' . Kool Keith heightens what used to be called schizophrenia. The Ultra track amplifies this shockwave. then 'switch it' . the radioactive hum of a powerdrive which transports you onto the flightdeck of the Nostromo . systematically fictionalized from the flux that we all float in . The head isn't the Kommand Kontrol Centre of the body. The cosmophonic engine is driven by neologisms. In MCs' Ultra [Part I/}. The brain is a society of mind with no one driving. 'inhabitants disappear through' Kool Keith's brain. Sampladelia splits syntax into phonoparticles . provoking a psychic blast that leaves him wondering 'What seems to be the problem. Entering the phonophysical universe shatters.Rhythm X. the scientist assembles PhonoFictional engines from 'hypothetical basic mechanisms' . overcome by 'w ires leaking with energy'. at a dominant speed. Funk Igniter Plus . that the human is a population of processes. Powered by analogical chains. connecting a suffix to a prefix. pianos looping until notes lose profile . What used to be called alteregos are now mUlti-egos.

relay the A jack. complexifies .' Keith doesn ' t address you : his lyrics are readouts from a bank of on screen terminals.' The autobot is the automatic robot. On Smoking Dust. Science develops what is not rational. by confounding through Rakim 's formula of 'constant elevation '. just like Sun Ra . The Ultra cybotron is the triggering mechanism for the exhilaration of annihilation : ' Megabomb ignite. 1387. inserting you into the hull of the ship .' On '93'S We Are the Horsemen . Science actively cloaks everything.' Assemble the Cryptogrammatron: Rammellzee "alu Halaza: what is an engineer and specialist on quantum physics doing in rap? Rammellzee: I'm a very social creature Science Puts out the Sun I' IItake yo u rbrai n toa no the rdimension I' IItake you rbrai n toa no therdi mension PAY CLOSE ATTENTION Kool Keith<>The Prodigy Advancing Technical: Take the Elevator to Level 7 Ultras-style science doesn 't clarify : instead it perplexes. nuked-out wastelands. To advance technical is to reconfigure the conceptechnics of HipHop . For auditionaries such as Rammellzee. It allows new weapon systems . not knowledge . HipHop complexifies itself. the dumb outof-control pathfinder which explores viral zones. unable to grab the controls . coming light speed. such as the 'cybotron. science breaks it down in order to complexify not to clarify. science exacerbates the fog of the mind and heightens the hermetic . Rather than giving you the real deal or clearing away centuries of miseducation . while Electro's Cybotron technofies the biosphere . the spaceship's powersource hums throughout.' Autobots and Cybotrons By advancing technical. checking that 'I get a warp speed . That's what fiction is . beta. becoming an intensified phonotron powered by ultramagnetic current. Their preoccupied urgency alter your pOSition . completely on a mission to annihilate . monitoring alphanumeric settings at 'Artemis Level 4'.' His petulant. Kool Keith pilots the soundcraft. science steals 'your common and robs your sense' . seats you beside him. To drop science is to mystify.oh. synths shift gear. gamma . science is the end of edutainment and the systematic mythification of everyday life . Rakim . Elevation is Hip Hop 's higher state of consciousness . The RZA and Killah Priest. until 'power ignites the four horsemen . increasing brain limits far beyond space. phasing the track onwards in a propulsive surge at '7 x zero . sucks you in through the studiO until you 're slipping through the pavement into inner space . this power is harnessed into new cyborg systems which function by 'boosting crystalloids as an autobot. In HipHop. to invent new sonic operations . 20096. Rays = raze = raise : through homophonic processes the scientist harnesses the radiation flowing through him . a tense present without release . Reentering earth 's orbit. Peering out from the flight deck. corrodes the rare essence of soul . who always veils his answers : ' Astra Black is about . change my gamma flow .' by 'advancing technical. the UMC sonar ship prepares to dock at 'gamma ray one block . Its drive is to expand the limits of Virilio's unknown : 'Science and technology develop the unknown . hypogalactic rays which are tearing us apart. as Wu Tang Clan proteges Sunz of Man describe it. Alpha control spark. rather than to educate. In Brainiac. So it 's over in myth . disdainful cadence shifts gears . 'charging energy at a level '. intestinal canals and the pavilions of Jupiter.' Science actively derealizes the solid ground of the street. switching you from co-pilot to Ground Control to a viewer watching 'the movie' where 'your brain will be the star' . buried at the edge of earshot so it turns audio-tactile: your skin hears and your ears feel it as a perpetual irradiation. Instead of teaching street knowledge. turns you into co-pilot locked into his ' mentally mad' trajectory . new phonotrons . something that's greater than the truth . The Ultra theorist's role is to ' truly confuse as a scientist. altitude X speed.' HipHop's sonic cyborg electrocutes . The impact of new atmosphere rushing in decompresses the track. Ultra 's techniques of elevation tap into the alpha.03(028) 03(029) beats cross a threshold and the sample snaps open onto a new world .

'the graffiti element or the tank' . lyrics. ' Fab 5 Freddy redefines Graffiti as Calligraffiti. Rammellzee begins to analyse the formal implications of HipHop . Killah Priest are esoterrorists who use the 12 to drop mythillogical systems that actively terrorize . Expertise is encoded on the microchip . of what software engineers call the front end o f message . Aeroglyphics and Aerosoul Art all presume an extensive training in exclusive symbol systems. Science wants you for an acolyte . To open up a conceptechnics is to elaborate the conceptual technology of a new sound. take away the pain . Virtuosity has migrated to the soundmachines which contain all music as presets . iconic statement. puts the eyes and ears through an Escherized assault course. The pictogram involves the senses in McLuhan 's ' ballet of postures of the mind. the MCs. In the lkonoklast Panzerism Manifesto. Black MUSic is in the machines . The dj is the phonomotor: 'Their sound is the perfect tuning of the engines . Science turns vinyl into a mass medium for channelling information mysteries. That is beat culture. People did not understand .' Wildstyle exercises the senses. wants to initiate you into a hermeneutics which elides reality. spreads a daze of confusion only occluded by the powers of the Inner Mind's Eye . Science takes advantage of vinyl's replayability by turning listening into a full-time job. private MythSystems. Conceptechnics fluctuates between constraint as a function of . A New Earth emerges from the new grooves of the newly scored mind. graffiti is tomorrow 's writing machine . initiates useless quests for the 3rd Eye . warring on the ground .' For Rammellzee. an ecology of media which together constitutes a kinaesthetic WarMachine. its abstract operations: 'You have the gladiators. output. Terror razes consciousness by destroying the old grooves of the head . cabalized by the technics of vision . the mother of invention in Holger Czukay's equation . Therefore an approach to the machine and to machinethought obsolesces premachinic identity. the DJs .' The Formal Operations of HipHop Science razes consciousness : Rammellzee. Science unravels the world into endle ss allegories . The decks become what Lee Perry terms the 'Turntable Terranova '. you have the graffiti writers warring in the air or in space . Rammellzee crosses a new threshold of machine evolution by elaborating the formal logic of Hip Hop.03[030) 03[031) it's hidden . soundcards and soundfiles . it inducts you into secret states of innervision . The DJs make the sounds of the piston inside the graffiti element or the tank. the a bstract machine which drives a new Machine Music .' Science is to HipHop as MythScience is to Sun Ra. A possibility space therefore emerges from restriction . To terrorize is to terratorialize . ' The city walls turn into secret channels. its back end. eclipsing consensual order in an overwhelming opacity of overlapping directives . You have the translators . Science Razes Consciousness Wildstyle teturns communication to priestly elites who transmit baffling codes throughout the city. For Bando. the engines in the tank that go bambambam . Aeroglyphics is maintained by an electribe of youths bonded together through skills. Science doesn't instruct . Fab 5 Freddy stresses that 'Wildstyle is totally illegible unless you 're initiated. just one name among many : Iconografix . Rakim issues a grave diktat : 'I'm here to remake the brains.' The lkonoklast Panzerism Manifesto opens up the conceptechnics of Hip Hop. the freestyle dancers .which can enter into the centuries-old war of armoured sign-systems . and immediately realizes that Graffiti constitutes a future-writing machine : 'Graffiti is a word that society placed on abstract technique . Wildstyle is just one element in a HipHop now understood as a series of techniques . Every sampler and every software sequencing package is 'a constellation of systems and subsystems' through which the producer navigates . the letter opens up a new possibility space: ' I make letters because 26 letters is enough to define every single thing that exists in this world . Over the cosmo-dynamics and proto-jungle breaks of '87's Follow the Leader Dub . fragments from endless infoverses .' Science scorches the old brain to manufacture a new mind. The city trains become galleries Without walls for the cyphertribes . HipHop has hitherto been understood naively in terms of its content. Graffiti is not vandalism but a very beautiful crime 8ando Graffiti Is a Future-writing Machine After sur-realizing slanguage into the tWilight kingdom of double-dutch remanipulation on the Beat Bop 12 .

inducing an overpowering sense of ominous information and conspiracy made audible in Lecture's keening. Words . The prize? Control of the means of perception : 'The Romans stole the alphabeta system from the Greeks through war. Horns loom into tonal shadows. all four of them .' Rammellzee 's war takes place on this front: the barely perceptible level of habit and reflex . The alphabet is not just a transparent communication but a ubiquitous technology. an Me. stolen . You will have no control. '87's awesomely crepuscular track The Lecture opens up the Military Perceptual Complex of MythScience . Each subsidence . shattered by string arrangements that reverse into Varesian shriekbacks which leave space shuddering from the concerted attack impulse. Rammellzee opens up the MythScience of beat culture . Instead he's an MK3 . which becomes a mythengineering of symbolic information.' Throughout . alphabets . because the two Ks are the onl y two letters that can assassinate the infinity sign . the integer is the magico-mathematic weapon for use in cyberneticist Norbert Wiener 's scientific wars of the future . inducing a powerful sense of being drawn into overlapping systems of privy information : 'All formation and military function that hold the code to any formation procedure . Instead of breaking down information to its simplest atoms . the Christian .' Information and function : as a cryptogrammatology. their reflex. Out it you have no control. the letter is a rmoured against further manipulation . From this emerges Ikonoklast Panzerism. Writing . the tunnel visionary systematically encrypts all information : ' But we want yo u to understand that the integer is a nation by itself. the Gothic. multi tracked voices . Rammellzee is no longer a Master of Ceremonies . ornamented and wrongly titled to hide and manipulate their meaning. signs .' Magico-mathematics and concept engineering converge in the en cryption system of Wildstyle. a despotic esoterrorist who lectures on 'Aerodynamics and Quantum physics '. Panzerism leaves the walls of the world behind to become an encryptic technics in a universe of secret myth-systems . It works as a code brea ker a nd symbol destroyer in the ongoing perceptual wa rs : ' In a wa r aga inst symbols which have been wrongly titled . onl y the le tter can fight . With . The infinity sign with the fusion symbol . Now. This is why he describes himself not as a producer or an MC but as 'a mathematician and an engineer ' who 'builds weapons for a living. The cryptogram matron cracks alphabets and breaks down equations . Then in medieval times. very high word militarily. Its function [pauseJleads you into the future . the cryptogram matron used in the co mmunication wars of the future . monks ornamented letters to hide their meaning from the people . InSide the Military Perceptual Complex . a Master of Kommand Kontrol Kommunications . Because I am not the master of its own technique . the Medieval . their perception . each decompression into ubiquity is a victory for one technology over another in a perpetual war between adaptive technologies fought on your own sensorium .03[032] 03[033] the in s trument's potential and as a function of the producer 's mind. symbols are all weapons. a system adapted and encrypted by successive religious regimes for warfare : the Roman . Drawing you into an auditorium where echoes seat your hearing at the back . the tone of the lecture shifts treacherously from acerbic to drawling to disquieting: 'As the [pauseJ interrogator of Ikonoklast Panzerism I don't give nobody no business . Rammellzee's voice arrives from a distant lectern . There are no pictograms here . His aim is to turn the abstract machine into a conceptual WarMachine. I tell you what is full military information and function for all integers . letters .' Mathemagical Weapon Systems Panzerism is heavier than the Pentagon .' By elaborating the abstract machine of HipHop. Militarizing Beat Culture The MythScience of Beat Culture Abstracting HipHop into a series of formal operations is the first stage in Rammellzee's militarization of beat culture. the armoured typographical machine . Ikonoklast Panzerism encrypts all symbols . This information I cannot really give you . it's a very. remove the X. Panzerism is a mystery weaponsystem in a secret war not against future corporations but against shadowy Christian cabals: Ikonoklast ' means symbol destroyer . typographies are all ubiquitous elite technologies that have lowered themselves into your consciousness where they adapt you to their habit . What I draw is architecturally built and will fly .

This wine turns to twine. Mind glows with the light of mental power. Rammellzee : 'The infinity sign is a mathematical . meterological symbols of heterosizers and all integers that formate any process of reading pictogram knowledge [pause] and of course my invention of the atomic note [pause] for Panzerism. Strings are arranged into shrieking attacks that halt abruptly . Rammellzee in '87 can therefore presuppose a global audience of 100 at the most.03[034) 03[035) [x] in its middle has been wrongly titled Christian [. For Rammellzee the beat is already an encoded rhythm . Talk. Funk turns into a subjectivity engine . Symbols are Commands which encode power : 'The 4 integers . The re volutions of Mind Power on the decks flexes the muscles of the mind . A ship horn blasts as it approaches harbour: 'You hold the scratch being a broken record . Rammellzee crosses into the covert ops of clandestine perception . we know it all equals down to zero zero zero active negatives. The scratch is not for you . With all the millions and millions of megabeats that have been programmed in our minds . The scratch is vinyl made recognizable yet unlocatable. Norbert Wiener looks up from his flow charts to announce that 'The effective mathematician is really as dangerous as a potential armourer of the new scientific war of the future. I'm going to assassinate the infinity sign. ' This abstraction of HipHop 's formal architecture and the convergence of its kinaesthetic operations leads Rammellzee to invent a militarized mathematics. how to bodybuild the brain .' Breaking the beat doesn't always reduce it to the atoms of Ultramagnetic MCs' machine mythology. As it currently exists. But you must listen to it anyway. Entwines like a rope in your mind / Like DNA code. astralized by magi co-mathematic s.' The MythScience of the scratch is just one el ement of the traumatizing system of GothiC Futurism : 'You have just gotten a chill in the feeling of your heart . The dj . the science of the scratch is massively difficult. scientific . and removes the x using the integer and the letter. It's called a scratch.postures of th e mind . the Darkside of the decks . It is the highest symbol that we have and you know there isn 't even a key on the typewriter for it. Its new tone leads you on an analogical f1ightpath . the equation is annihilation . His cortex is divided into sections. Intellectualize. I'm going to finish the war. By abstracting material and Applied Rhythm ic Technology at the same material plane. Mind Power is illustrated by a profile of a man recessed into grey. equations are the operating instructions for unknown authoring engines . an artform heard by all but only understood by the obliterati. Across the unstable front of the typographic warzone . On Don Brautigan's back sleeve for james Brown 's '73 The Payback. In exploring the formal implications of the scratch. until you become th e soulj ah in an army imbued with Soul Power. In the war of symbolic systems . music notes.' In mathemagics. Rammellzee assassinates the fusion symbol sign.' Equation = Annihilation In his drive to capture all level s of the analogical. You must. nocturnal myth .converge with post-john Lily cybernetic bioprogramming on how to tap into the mind 's powers. Only by comparison can you approach the scratch . On the contrary. The perceptual pressure of the new artform forces Rammellzee forward into a MythScience of the scratch .' The letter is a signal system designed for armoured combat in the sign wars. Brown analogizes vinyl 's groove to funk 's groove. To . [Foreboding echo] With most people their heart .] and thus it has to be assa ssinated or the x has to be removed . and to break it down only encrypts it further. Equations . the hermeticism of the headphones . each inscribed with archetypal equations : E = MC l. the trigonometry of the transformer switch : 'You must talk to the dj . Redefine. The jB drills the audience into its new nervous system.' A female chorus keens mournfully. just because it 's pop doesn 't make it easy. Far from being something anyone can do. Education is only subliminal. scratching is intimidatingly elitist. he opens the conceptechnics of funk . The scratch [pause] is not for me . into what Detroit's Techno dj-imagineer Electrifying Mojo will in '93 call the 'Mental Machine '. leaving space trembling with shock impact like an EEG pulse gone critical: 'Only he has the number written down in the scratch . where symbols are mathemagic numbers imbued with lethal capabilities . And it's no spoken word . This is rapper jeru the Damajaa 's Wrath of the Math. Because it 's only in the dj 's manuscript. Redefine . demanding intense rehearsal. military symbol. Redefine. pyramidal stone . 20th C art can barely grasp the tonal history of turntabilization. The MythScience of the Scratch The Lecture probes into the unexplored possibility space of skratchadelia . Each revolution of funk 's groove rescores the mind until it becomes a superpower .

the jagged edges of broken harmony. To use the phrase Black Music is to presume a consensus that has never existed . Which is why the term Black Music so often sounds stupid. We want you to open up the pages 449 45 Roman Law . vaporised on contact. Black MUSic: the term clamps the brain because it omits the role of the machine . in a Leave it to Beaver-voic e: ' I live there . the historical theoretician who terrifies through his esoterical terrorism. Strings swarm in an impending unease.opens up a memorybank of 50S White-Man SCi-fi movies . manufactured and globalized . A bottle smashes. this restricted aesthetic feels like emotional amputation. to assume a readily audible pre-synthetic essence which machines have externalized . No longer sheltering within an essence that never was . Factory rhythms engulf the lecture . its drive to discipline and punish are obsolesced . Turn to card number 1997. Kool Keith and his heteronyms are always coming back to Earth. I Multiplied The traditional diagnosis of alienation no longer makes any sen se to the 90S producer. leaving you stranded in a psychopathogenetic future with no way of getting back to the present. a phrase only used by the most retarded rob cheerleaders . becomes the beat. I held all this information back from you just because you haven't signed your name to your death certificate. the clash of concepts on the plane of X meets Y. wash there . AutoCatalysis . Instead of synchronizing the mediated body with self image until the 2 make a single knowledge of self. Rammellzee becomes the Historetician. But I think yours [speeded-up vocoderl just got started. pistons punch out time . Dr Octagon producer Dan Nakemura known as The Automator . it 's the Earth planet and it 's Earth people . Gothic Futurism fastforwards the ancient Gothic <> Germanic script suppressed by Roman typography. HipHop 's protectionism. today 's Futurist understands the mythillogic of the soundmachine . and polarizes your flux . because it blithely ignores computerization by locating all of HipHop back in the all-too-human zones of the soul or the street. But after Kool Keith 's. Far from pretending white Americans don't exist. a rigid funk canon that cuts right through you. All its belief sys tems are demilitarized. a state of unlocatable threat. Listening to The Automator reminds you that HipHop is computer music. Nothing is alien to Dr Octagon be cause everything is alien . hammers jack and judder. eat . The Futurist is a scientist who manufactures new MythSciences from soundmachines : the processes of AutoCreation. Lecture is structured as a series of inscrutable commands from a Destructiv Knowledge Engine: 'We want you to proceed with your books on Gothic texts. The inflammation of all information. Rstonish Me! Escape into psychopathogenetics: Dr octagon sometimes I don't even feel/ike I am a human being anymore Kool Keith The Automator perpetually folds the mind into origami.03[036] 03[037] would have stopped .you! - who are the aliens to them . perpetually reentering Planet 3'S orbit . And for this we want you to know that you have already failed your course with a B. so dated and pointless . ReEntering Planet 3 On hearing Dr Octagon . Forlorn voices wail in a threnody for deleted massacres . its appetite for grounding reality. 'Space is my planet ' he reports . Dr Octagon di saligns the selves and then continues to multiply them in a mitosis of the I.' Shards of funereal ghost choir break in. AutoDestruction which cooperate as the secret life of machines . The Automator's and guest producer Kut Master Kurt's '95 album Dr Octagon . Trad HipHop continues to install a painful binary machine. like terminal insularity elevated to a fraudulent ethiCS . You haven't even gotten to what it is . an ethics known as Black Music .' This generates the same relief < >thrill you feel when Tricky quotes Japan 's '81 Ghosts on '94 'S Aftermath. They 're already at home with offworld states. steam shoots needles of hissing air.' there .

" he definitely means that. Choosing scientific matter. He <> It is the offworld xenobiologist. becoming not only weightless but invasively PhonoFictional. The human species is his zooillogical laboratory. Morality Is a Muscle. his former group: 'Dr Octagon was designed for the specific function of returning from the future. magnetised to the human as a mammal in an animal continuum. The human is an ecology of mind through which the Doctor walks.Dr Octagon.' Not schizophrenia. 1 or complete indifference: you were running around. Digital level. My number 709755-6EL3.' He's attracted to the human's connective zones. from the 40th C: ' It's like if you were running around in the year 4000 and this tape is playing. Sir /IIenelik The forms of thought assisted by computer are mutant Felix Guattari 2 Mirrors in the Clear Technofy HipHOp: Build the unidentified Rudio-Object Kool Keith defines 'elevation' as 'new terms above the natural language of MCs '.03(038) 03(039) You Rre a population It was already clear to Rimbaud back in the 19th C that I is another. Dr Octagon inverts the Trad . he falls apart and the parts . these tensions knotted and bunched across the skin of your beliefs. The UAO is a Year-3000 connection machine that runs on cosmophonic power. fascinated by the biodiversity of the human organism: 'I study and inspect people . a jupiter-to-Earth link enabling the alien to 'program one and go to Earth through the fax machines . Thus Kool Keith on his Dr Octagon persona: ' When he says "I'll battle Ultramagnetic andmyownselfaswell. nor quadrophenia. Dr Moreau. Earth People uses rhythm synthesizers for their indifference. to take on his former identity . Dr Octopus and Dr Kervorkian his inputs. vaginas.' As computer music. reconfiguring bodily hierarchies. It jumps you into a world in which it's on. Dr Benway. The entire Dr Octagon triple concept album returns to '96 from the Year 4000. To listen to Dr Octagon today is to grasp that every I is a crowd. that you are a population. Computer file 9-3. UAOs that hurl listeners against the reef of their senses . an environment which you're at home in. mouths. HipHop is transchronized. but octophrenia. He would love a crack at Critical Beatdown. The unified self is an amputated self. The record turns you into a 40th C human. an extreme sarcasm pointed with malicious precision at Trad HipHop's sanctified stupidities. the UAO has an internal computer architecture john Carpenterized synths freeze time into the hovering tone of the medico-conspiracy thriller. which digitizes funk's groovengine: 'I'll take a break like james Brown to the bridge. I probe for evidence. you never even heard Dr Octagon. KooI Keith replaces HipHop's Trad voice armour with a highly strung hauteur. Instead of getting himself together.' Dr Octagon snatches you into the world it comes from. hacking and slicing pathways through the distributed brain . its conceptual technology. To elevate means to reinvent the conceptechnics of HipHop. recombinating them with cartoons. Ultramagnetic MCs . The album is an octagonal time machine.. their tinny treble: ' I see it as futuristic new wave rock. To 'advance technical' is to perpetually engineer HipHop into Unidentifiable Audio-Objects . a future UAO shooting past '96 back to '87 to duel with his albums . Clenched Morals are just these sensory coagulations. in a parallel to Cybotron's '85 demand to technofy the biosphere. Kool Keith.' Information stress lights up the sensorium like the Nippon Trade Centre . ' The Ultramagnetic spaceship becomes the Octagonal time machine. sphincters.. aggressively competing with the consensus of your head . an extreme aversion to its familiar fixations. forcibly substituting your assumptions with its own .' the section which turns the Song inside out. that unity is a fleeting. accidental convergence persistently mistaken for an identity. It ' s meant to have that industrial effect to it but slowed down. It's metal in its own way. Octagon is always plugging humans into animals. your buttcracks. Haloes were found at the landing site.battle one another. Consequences are either infinite recursion [this tape is playing and on this tape is a tape of . HipHop is degravitated. It means technofying HipHop.

like ballast jettisoned . rhythm falls away and sentence looms forward : the ear hears it as a headline .the Emperor General .crosses another threshold into parallel processing. baffled at the survival from exposure to laser scalpels. At Century's Start. Instead of grounding you it up routes you . despotic. Your brain throbs . By missing out the 'and '. With Sir Menelik. science travels at the speed of thought. the chorus-sample zooms past earshot : ' Megatron!' ' Rejuvenate! ' ' Galaxy Rays Powerful!' By being projected all at once. Octagonal Consciousness These techniques converge until Trad stream-of-consciousness . The Song is rebuilt. intoxicants .that it induces information panic . Dr Octagon . in a series of off-the-beat exPLOsions: 'Octagon. connective synthesis and disjunction . DuBois analysed double consciousness as 'this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others '. Design for a Brain In Octagonal sound design. updating Rammellzee's and Shock Dell 's '87 The Lecture. I'll battle Ultra ma gnetic . On Production is neither song nor track. a discontinuum of all kinds of minds . from glutinous to gloating to dastardly to bedside to malicious . B. Octophrenia frustrates flow .' Simulta neously a robotvoice repeats it slowed down . more an extremely compressed lecture delivered in a merciless monotone and so insistently by Sir Menelik . By arresting HipHop 's verbose flowmotion . oxygen . Earth People is filled with the plosive impact of polysyllables which pushes against the bass and the beats . W. Sir Menelik the Emperor Genera l. Dr Octagon keeps e ve rything unreal . ' My first impression was to give pa tients a lesson. hearing. The MC becomes a Human Computer. the unperiodic continuities of Reed and Burroughs .that modernist byproduct of radio . terrorizing. pulling you across into its world.03(040) 03(041) hierarchy of head / stomach so that your head tastes ill and your intes tines think. Mindstresser : the order of things breaks up . like a radi O tuned into a phone-in genera ting delay feedback. out of excerpts from 8 unrelated broadcasts happening simultaneously. Kool Keith protege and digital-age lyricist Sir Menelik exemplifies octagonal consciousness in the Information era .' When the music evacuates . pulls towards and away from them .' In the parallax world of Technical Difficulties. phaseshifting into a Disunified Field Theory. the emergence from massively connected computer programming. Flow falls apart in a drastic dysphasi a when the brain 's unable to coordinate syntax . acting as a field of attraction for the groovengine . its voice in perpetual motion . octagonal consciousness collapses the distance between WordObjects. Sense starts zigzagging like the lightning logo bolting across Captain Marvel 's costume . The Lecture is esoterrorist science : hermetiC . all accent unexpected words and stress syllables so that WordObjects disarticul a te themselve s. myownselfaswell . feeling yourselves into the 8th person . doubling and splitting you into the 2nd person . Voice echoes the first word of each sentence: ' Vanishing victims kept alive on metal examining tables . the chorus compacts into a syntax beam. creating a dataflow of different matters. sneering. This 2nd voice repeats the last words of a sentence . . syntax seizes up then lurches forward in a robotic cadence that induces an arhythmic irritation . in peristaltic waves . where Dr Octagon goes 'walking through a polygon '. Consonants are charged until s yntax detonates. Green berets growing coneheads in mechanical wombs . moulding then massaging you across a series of thresholds you never knew existed. drawling . Mutation by high-pressure capitalism collapses psychic and social membranes. At Century's End . Experts. slowed down o r distant like a faulty echo chamber sending back aural distortions . Adaptation to the Information-Image economy multiplies the senses of seeing. a parallel processor who hears talking in everyone 's mind . Octophrenia is both datastream and flow frustration. packed with kinetic energy. It updates the info overload of Joycean stream of consciousness . who 's the best to put me to the test. so that each WordObject becomes an objectile projected through space. E. a supersonic allatonceness : ' Controlled by gammalights!' Magnified voice blasts off across sampladelic space with an intensified phonodrive. tugs at them . the music suddenly drops out . illuminum.

' Terror resounds through the dome of your head . in which concepts jump. you can take a drum sound . passing from sensations of stupidity in to an itch in the brain . Your brain feels fat and flabby.' Chris Marker 's film Sans soleil announces this era. ' Which generates a disconnected multirational Sonic Fiction . As Sir Menelik the Emperor General emerges from No Awareness. broadcasting a warning that turns you into an echochamber: 'All mankind must submit to genetic testing. including memory. mind zigzags from clause to clause. WordObjects whaaAAm across th e stereoperceptual fie ld.03(042) 03(043) what of the others. untying and rearranging your nerves. Skratchadelia is mutantexture generated by turntabilization. Drum machi ne stilts. dis-ease triggered by sampladelia before the lyrics ever start . here is the story of one who has lost forgetting . syntax becomes a rapattack which strobes the brain. you can take a dog barking.' Q Bert hooks the decks up to guitar-pedals. Disk of turntable ensemble Invisibl Skratch Picklz: ' It 's the only instrument that can be any instrument. Electro-liquid expands . a torpid muscle dragging its bulk after this rap that just won 't stop. a specifications warning report read out really fast . Not verbal flow but rather a parallel-systems maintenance check. When you have a gu!tar. drastically effecting skratchadelic textures . We think as instruments /l/ixmaster "'ike The Deck Magus Turns the Tables on Time Turntablist Q Bert 's skratchadelic solos are the sonic parallel of the sf/horror transformation scene . decay into astonishingly sustained whinny which reverts briefly back into a recognizably male scream before fading out entirely . you're limited to how the guitar sounds .' On Production shifts from a report from the f1ightdeck to instructions from a navigation manual. Sir Menelik leaves sequential monorational flow for a new mode of rat ionality. Concepts are electrified into pararational military instructions to ' increase magnetic fields. the synth 's dying arc and electric piano drop away. . the gap between attention lag and infovelocity is phaseshifted. heated gases appear on the borders between rigid order and poetry among a list of the 31 ways to define "nomadical". its inexpress ive pulses stutter. to a lecture on chaos theory from a future version of the Santa Fe Institute: ' Does science achieve a unified theory of complex systems? Completely chaotic systems. alien sex and medicopathology. to report of immune system breakdown. But when you have a turntable . you can take a guitar . functioning from the year 4001 . to emergency broadcast. critical procedures cool 77 Kelvins by submerging. by using the turntables as universal tone generators . spongy blocs phaseshifting through a series of unknown audio states .' Each track induces a feeling of perpetual dysphoria . This verbal verbosity. you can take any so und a nd manipulate it into your own . a vapourmoan. ripples across gaps . transpecies organ transplantation and astrophysics . all that "'Ie allow to slumber . leaving an ominous texturedrift. thought leapfrogs. Squeals modulate into whistles and screeches. such as turbulent fluids . to induce infover load of 'Acoustic death by analysis. This is not science fiction but New Sc ence . Disease contaminates every transmission of unawareness . Already effected sounds become unrecognizable textureffects . the humans with their almost non-existent tolerance for poin and their totally inadequate mental discipline? Sir "'enelik The Me Is a Parallel Processor At this level of mindstress.' Sir Menelik switches address again. immediately opening up an entirely new spectrum of altered beats and mutantextures . On Production triggers an acutely tactile mental irritation that simultaneously begins crawling over the s~in . Logical consequence : total recall is memo ry anaesthetized . As attention drags further behind the inexorable information flow. impacting with the remorseless frequency of measured voltage. when 'everything works to perfection. After so many stories of men who had l05t their memory . from 'the time when the human brain has reached the era of full employment. this info-expansion turns you into a decoder perpetually switching routes between Marvel cosmology and cosmetic surgery. a perceptual current transmits between each intervals.

He then brings it back to the past-now and applies it as though it exists completely formed . The perceptual borders between alien identity. Surgery provides the answer to this cellular planet which still mystifies the a lien surgeon. stuffing and inserting patients 'with the needl e and thread . Octagon addresses all 'Earth people '. Octagonal PhonoFiction examines the senses with a speculum . It 's <.' Trad HipHop's misogyny feels like happy trails. Un-EZ listening Sirens circle through EEG bleeps.' Depersonalization allows an identification across the animal species. while andrOids are 'leading humans with haemorrhoids ' on goosechases and duckshoots throughout Planet 3. delivered in a bedside manner of frightening reassurance. Not so much an ecology as a gynaecology of the mind . Sir Menelik for magnifying perception.' Gynechology slashes and hacks the organism. preoccupied with his delicate incisions. taking 'you there ' into the hum an zoo 'like I was the Predator. The body is the question. Change my face Dr Octagon I would just mate humans with alligators. Gynechology opens up the animal <. These characters are exhibiting a psychology of the future . ' half shark-alligator. he is an alien adapting to its West Coast environment. legally through court'. Huminagators Kool Keith The Inhuman Xenogenesis Dr Octagon isn't human. He 's prepped with unknown medical tech: 'cybernetic microscopes '. He watches this close encounter as ' the cartoon Donald Duck' gives 'fe llatio o n the floor with Reed Richards '. I feel I could put myself in the place of a mammal or an animal. a specu lative imaging system invented by Cyclops 4000 <.' Kool Keith has said. Its <> his 'skin is green and silver'.03(044) 03(045) Identification Code unidentified. breeding transgenic species . Gynechology doesn't protect species. '2 telescopes that magnify the eye of a roach '. countries are safari parks and humans provide . pulling 'out the skull '. the Fantastic Four's venerable and elastic scient ist . sustained cymballic hiss and radioactive bass generating the hovering tension of jerry Goldsmith's Coma soundtrack . up and out into your sensorium . half man '. be a rectal rebuilder. He <> It compels you to crane your ears towards the operating table to audiovisualize the clink of scalpels. it preys on them. 'I study and inspect people' : Kool Keith and The Automator use HipHop to put humans under the macroscope. After the genocidal promise of ' I was born on jupiter. ' I don 't even feel like I am a human being anymore.' New techniques of 'intestinal surgery' and 'saliva glands relocated' across the orifices inspire breakthroughs in the field that Techno auditionary jeff Mills terms basic human design .such as Mr Gerbik. a cross-species empathy. looking like a Caucasian peoploid then 'a paramedic fetus of the east'. HipHop becomes a reverse microscope . It <. David Cronen berg diagnoses Gynechology as 'a future pathological psychology. It's developing now but he anticipates it being even more developed in the future. subsuming distinctions in a globalism more threatening than benevolent. Blue Flowers is a psychopastoral set in the 'C hurch of the Operating Room '. The Octagonal world is a biotic landscape where bees fly 'around your rectum'. Press a button. chiselling ' necks for the answer' to the body whose map puzzles and baffles aliens everywhere. dehumanizing: complexifying the human into a xenolibidinal economy of genes traded on the open market. morphable to any chromatic situation by 'cha nging blue skin' until its 'brown colour 's coming back' . In Octagonal Sonic Fiction. it uses syntax as probes inserted through the nostrils. 'So metimes . Gynechology rapidly runs out of control until gorillas are ' masturbating with human strangers. He 's busy relocating. its dystopic misanthropy like instinctive travels through a gadda da vida. he is a n inhuman that slips and slides across the alien <> human discontinuum . ready to 'operate on patients.' Continents are zoos . sewing up all the other buttcracks . For aeons. Marvel sex. The doctor doesn 't rap at you. Rather it <. he diagnoses. the bad doctor observes humans with a compound eye . Then the bad doctor moves in .' Looking at 'naked pictures' of The Fantastic Four 's orange brickworked Thing leads the doctor to explore the new frontiers of Disney <. Psychopa thogenetics The uneasy intimacy of a gloating gynaecologist meets the misanthropic glare of a rabid ecologist to form Dr Octagon the Gynechologist. the planetary psychopathogen . human organism and organized self collapse into organs sloshing in a blood soup. human continuum.

The street 's rigid border between the real and the fantastic melts into the psychospatial treachery of the '91 film jacob 's Ladder. Sunz of Man oh man homey. Murray Schafer 's schizophony has become premonitional. in which New York dissolves into a diabolical swamp of unending Weed deregulates the means of perception. To really grasp mythillogical HipHop it's essential to rent Adrian Lyne's video epic. a malleable porous flux . the joy of getting to work on a warm body . Sounds have detached themselves from their sources and are reaching you before their causes do . The RIA. The ear always hears around c'orners . In HipHop headmusic. whispery psychoacoustic space of inhalation turned treacly thick. myth illogical HipHop is like Sarah Connor in The Terminator. At the edges of earshot sounds launch themselves at you . loses itself in the rapture of dissection . soundeffects generate environments of objectless ominousness and perpetual imminence .03[046] 03[047] excellent culture for crosspollinating across the mammalian phylum . They took a sonogram and seen the image of a demon Gravediggaz audio hallucinations all the stronger for being unseen. it turns its back on imminent revolution in favour of immanent revelation. R. It gives you a seasickness of the head. Running amok with no cause at all. because there 's no defined reality left to represent. the narcoagent which slows down the perception of object-events. HipHop becomes an inner-space music. It lingers over organs with a loving sense of detail. The Internal Mechanism of Paranoiac phenomena Driven by premonitions . my mind is playing tricks on me Geto Boys Mythillogical HipHop has always been headmusic. Cypress Hill 's '92 instrumental Ultraviolet Dreams melts HipHop's martial self. OJ Muggs is fascinated by the bullet 's trajectory. 'Keeping it real' no longer means representing.' All drugs intensify paranoia. Knowledge now means innersight. You're being alienhandled in an operating theatre of cruelty and killing jokes: 'The perfect enzyme 's me with your brain in my other hand. The head is filled with revelations that impeach the daylight.' The alien induces traumas and kills its patients with insouciance . always talking in the past tense about things it hasn't yet done . But the moment it drugs itself. Weed 's dilation effect makes it the time-stretcher. which overwhelms the true / false binary. The Inhuman gets a contact high from cruelty. unwinds the gangsta lean into a woozy gait . Listening to Dr Octagon flashes forwards to the alien abduction you will never have . the locum becomes 'Doctor Ludicrous ' who turns 'into an octopus ' all the more easily to 'grab 8 species' and 'isolate like a incubus' . Producer OJ Muggs ' fuzzy logic of wilting bass and low-frequency leakage blurs audibi lity. its sighting line . But Weed's special effect is to magnify the misperception inherent in everyday hearing. Not flowing but gloating . Gravediggaz. thereby tuning HipHop into a perpetual paranoia of peripheral persecution . driving me mad in my mind Cypress Hill 360· of Peripheral Persecution Boddhisativa Explosion in Slow Motion: Cypress Hill. Dr Octagon is a surgeon out to build a new nervous system out of your archaic one. Hear what happens when soundeffects go amiss . The street dissolves into the psychosonic geography of gangstadelia. Vigilance loses focus in the witchy . The RZA's phantasmic HipHop productions induce visions in the ear . how a body looks from the gun's pov. Every . I'm having illusions. As Sly Stone croaked: ' Looking at the devil. grinning at his gun. You wander through its striated wraithscape. They wander without an object . Grass intensifies this until reality breaks up into proliferating audio hallucinations that trigger themselves at 360' around your head. breaks down the walls of HipHop 's fortified ego .

To stress this war between states of mind . consciousness is the casualty in this 'holy war in the mental'. For Redman . a monastery of the head where keening Gregorian chants throw shadows across stonework. like the underworld mutants who worship the nuclear bomb in Beneath the Planet of the Apes. praying to the Bomb . hands clutching their heads . suffusing everything in an unlocatable seething violence . Like its doppelganger Horrorcore. Each steps forward to enter an insanity plea . exploding reality like a mushroom bomb detonating the mind. Like Dr Octagon and Funkadelic . Each verse projects excerpts from a meta-exorcism on the screen of your mind . As The RZA explains. raises welts and draws blood to freeze it. They're your good times and your bad times . > Poetic . . The US military wanted to bomb 'Nam back to the Stone Ages . It's our duty to dig up their mental graves and bring them back to life. A wall of guitarchimes opens up a sampladelic Gothic. The holy war is the struggle inside our heads . > Frukwan and Grym Reaper . The head becomes a theatre for the warring forces of Heaven and Hell. Worshipping the Holy Weed . Holycore blights everything. and you 'll just be walkin ' around New York unseen while someone else is in your body fuckin ' up. There 's motherfuckers out here that can jump into your body . possession is a perpetual possibility : 'I believe you 're supposed to be able to move stars with your mind . Weed is a shortcut to psychosis . Each suck of tical turns into a sharp intake. the shuddering gasp of someone being hacked at. Consumed by spirits and possessed by visions . The RZA opens up the hyperparanoia of a post-jacob 's Ladder world . in which inanimate objects come alive with an inorganic malevolence . Like Dr Octagon . the Darkside of HipHop is aversion therapy for droogs anaesthetized by too much HipHop: 'Heaven and Hell are on earth . In the fictional space of a courtroom hearing.producers The Undertaker .the myth illogical humour of Gravediggaz lacerates minds inured to sensation . The Gravediggaz The RZA. Cypress Hill want to bomb their minds back to the Middle Ages . >Prince Paul and The RZArector · > The Gatekeeper . intensifies illness in order to sensitize .' This shock therapy for the sensorium parallels Ludovico's ' learning by torture' in Kubrick 's A Clockwork Orange. multiply themselves into invisible forces. . it turns out the light of the world . from his RZA-produced '94 album Tical. Noises attribute themselves to unseen causes . the war for peace. As Tricky points out. Instead of enlightening through edutainment. HipHop breaks through into the mythillogic of the Darkside . Cypress Hill worship the despot Weed . In Method Man 's Sub Crazy.right down to the hommage Mommy What's a Gravedigga? . Gravediggaz ' protege and guest rapper Shabazz the Disciple's term for this Darkside is Holycore. All those clips of peachy-keen white schoolkids from the 50S of the Now I dwell in an Islamic Temple/I'm fighting a holy war in the mental Gravediggaz Holycore Is the Blight of the World With Gravediggaz ' Diary of A Madman from their virulent '94 conceptoxic film Atomic Cafe. The cold humour of Dial 1-800 Suicide is a scartoon which brings the pain . like Peter Parker vs Spiderman . Redman's alterego Reggie Noble splits off and battles himself. Atomic Muslims bowing to the Mecca mushroom silently screaming: 'Mutate me! Mutate me! ' Weed blows up the head . unattributable groans roam around .03(048) 03(049) breath becomes a wince of pain like a knife being swallowed .' worship the weed In '95 'S Temple of Boom .face murder charges. plunges the sky into what Sunz of Man term 'a magnetic flux beyond control '. put your spirit out . People walk around mentally dead . album Niggamortis.

terror is faith . Public Enemy's war demanded hyperalert soldiers. Sunz of Man are not human so much as devout exterminators . transient tones of tintinnabulation .' Visions of priests spreading their cloaks and swarming over Oklahoma. . suffer from crisis apparitions.' External war has been internalized into 'the depths of my inner sight' only to spill out blurring the borders in a psychosonic storm. Reeling from the force of revelation.' Killah Priest doesn 't so much rap as incant or invoke in an inquisitorial tone . They are Armageddon accelerators inflaming the sensations they deplore. HipHop gives into visions. murder is holy. searching for unbelievers to put to the sword and 'be done away like the unicorn '. The moans of perverse monks imbue everything with a cloistered malevolence . you 've been warned that the priests will soon swarm. His voice slowed down to a groan. They are God 's Avengers . trumpets. Greyhound Part 2 is a long march. vowels buckle and groan. Caught in the aftermath of explosion. A boneweary 'yea h' escapes from someone's throat. Armageddon. becomes an urgent gibberish overwhelmed. Wu Tang producer Genius's '95 track Greyhound Part 2 Remix starts out already exhausted. aaah . Prodigal Sunn.' Each 12 rescores Revelations as auditionary Sonic Fiction . footsore .blaze with a solar fanaticism. when soldiers hallUCinate. Time feeds forward into the new Dark Ages. its tempo barely more than a trudge . the jagged edge of '89'S Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos. As the night darkens. Haunted-house violins cycle into steady micropolyphonal swarms at once hallowed and dolorous.' In a dazed acca pell a. he recounts how 'the 4 run to the 4 corners of the earth an d the 5th run into the sun . winded. bombing the bathhouses. Killing is praying . Killah Priest is a headless MC reciting from beyond the grave. jacknifed by a voluptuous swoon never heard in HipHop before: 'this technique is so aaah.03[050] 03[051] I contain the science to make an angel bleed through his vision Sunz of /!fan All this seems to be an exorcism to make our demons flow Antonin Artaud The Priests Will Soon Swarm ultraviolet superception This is aftermath music for a weary world stoned into a stupefied superception. the annihilator. He 's Torquemada at Millennium's End. Soldiers hallucinate celestial visitations on the Somme in WWI: 'I was shown the crucifixion by 2 Egyptians / A war in heaven . producer 4th Disciple . invades the central nervous system. plunges into the waking nightmares that The Bomb Squad's alarm for the world tried to prevent: 'V isions of me on the night of a solar eclipse aboarding the mothership taking my last glimpse from this deluded earth .' There's no doubt that this fanatical anti-abortionist was there at the burning of Sodom and Gomorrah . a War in Heaven with all factions desperate to maintain control. Flutes . it puts out the sun.' Decapitated MCs wander like wraiths through the warzone of Headless HipHop. consonants gust in phonemic debris thrown off by a distant detonation. In Revelations. torching the clubs . vocalists 62nd Assassin. the Son of Man is Heaven 's hired assassin. Gregorian chorale stretches into hive noise. to dream of genocide for Jesus: 'Hearken.' Abruptly his voice slurs and slides into glossolalia. defeated .dramaturgist Killah Priest. Armageddon . Multiplying the Son of Man into the Sunz of Man . I saw Christ with a Mac II / SO I joined him and prepared for Armageddon. 'soldiers of idolatry fighting the sins of reality. Killah Priest. a trek extolled by chimes heard through smoke . who 'came together for one accord'. The Earth is their deerpark and you are its fawns . Killah Priest warns of the 'si de effects' of war which 'bring the glycosis' until 'insanity enters humanity. guitar are fatigued. Each time the Inner Mind's Eye blinks . putting Sinners to the sword on Judgement Day. the final despot who commands you to 'bri ng the wicked before me and slay them before my feet . Wheezing groans intensify the sense of overwhelming fatigue. Reverb snatches hi s voice to the alcoves . Hell Razah. Brontosaurian bass stalks a battlefield scorched by blasts of megalithic guitar feedback . Hurled into a windtunnel of delayed impact. Sunz of Man begin at the point of extreme exhaustion. Killah Priest 's voice peel s inside out in slow motion. 'the universal warlord ': Cortez with a Kalashnikov M16 . is pierced by ' a light beam ' until he recollects how he 'was formed in a white dream. In Sunz of Man's '95 Soldiers of Darkness.' and HipHop's voicearmour is overcome by the wargasm .

but since we no longer remembered that we had the eye of discernment. the pineal gland attracts esoterrorist tradition. Precisely because medical science doesn 't know its function . setting off harrowing hallucinhalations of the Mind's Nose. but a deathtrip into the hallucinogenres of LSD and the superpsychedelic STP. confronts reality. Rammellzee 's and Shock Dell 's cryptomachine and Killah Priest 's psychoacoustic Darkside . Impeach the Universe Funkadelia impeaches the universe. Dick suggests is opened by meditation : 'We relinquished the 3rd Eye. Then it 's the 3rd Eye that gets us back out of the maze.. which makes you feel like you're having a revelation. alternate realities. which argues it's really the 3rd Eye. the funkatized psyche that rechannels anger from the street into alternatives to reality. Hence the dot of the 'i' in the Funkadelic logo is replaced by Pedro Bell 's grinning ape-skull. In Rakim 's Islamatronic fiction. in Egypt and in India . . world-forming explosion.03[052] 03[053] Five Arch Angels is the score for A Canticle for Leibowitz in which the world nukes itself back to a Middle Ages run by Techno-monks. an archaic power that Philip K. as Manuel De Landa explains: 'When you trip you liquefy structures in your brain . Boll Weevil Computer Brain: Funkadelic The brain is a population Deleuze and Guattari something outside had to enter. Funkadelia isn't an escape into other worlds. As Jay Stevens describes the STP trip: 'Descriptions of it sounded like war stories. disembodied moans and magnified breathing. something which we ourselves would be unable to build . And Funkadelic are the aromanauticists of perception. or filled with a cold wind that wouldn't stop blowing through the hollows of their mind . you know. we could not go about seeking techniques for reopening it. Detroit and Other Planes of There.' LSD generates a Funkadelic Liquid Computer. daemonic. They acquire a less viscous consistency and your brain becomes a supercomputer. But there ain't no winning in a situation like that. linguistic structures. It's happening by itself. The 3rd Eye had to be reopened if we were to get out of the maze . In the wake of The Song is a wraithland of swarming drones. the Grateful Dead logo gone loco. sets out to destroy an insane world over and over. the dormant Inner Mind's Eye . the 3rd Eye is a secret faculty that scans the nonvisible spectrum for radio. Funk + LSD = Funk Psychedelicized = Psychedelia Funkatized = Funkadelia. a field of vegetational vision searchlighting the stratosphere like The X-Men's Cyclops gone botanical. I'd start looking at. ultraviolet. George Clinton realized that 'I could get mad enough at the world and how it was treating people to wait in an alley and kill some muthafucka . something which we ourselves would be unable to build Philip K. Acid opens a cataclysmic continuum between Vietnam.' Acid's information supernova blows up the ego. Back in his mind again after tripping out. Dick Lysergic Equation for the Funkatized Psyche 3rd Eye capture Tricky. That 's why the 3rd Eye is identified with god-like powers or with enlightenment. people exploding through the envelope and burning. The RZA and Killah Priest are all infatuated with the dormant powers of the 3rd Eye . Information rushes into your brain . acoustic waveforms.' Effram Wolf's watercolour sleeve for Stevie Wonder's Innervisions shows an ochreand-brown optic ray blasting out of his closed eyelid. so once we got out of there I'd take acid to make sure I didn 't get that mad no more .' Which describes the Funkadelic audio experience very exactly. our prime evolutionary attribute.. infern al sighs. It's just self organizing. intentional structures. Wonder's plantsight triggers an eco-optics of the Mind 's Eye . The globe mushrooms out of its cranium in a planet-annihilating. But no one is revealing anything to you. Something outside had to enter.

most pungent metal on Earth. Let's Take It to the Stage. I will do you no harm / Loan me your funky mind.' Funkadelic shares the fall and makes a friend of fear : 'We took the blame for shit.' The nose knows that the mind is food for the maggots . Tales of Kidd Funkadelic and Hardcore jollies visualizes funkadelia as an organographic Sonic Fiction . 'We can't clean up shit or get shit right until we recognize we got maggots in our brain. Mind . Standing on the Verge of Getting It On . Formless and pointless. an attempt to confront a patently meaningless universe by challenging it at its own game. is named for the heaViest . Yes . Maggot Brain 'could scare you to death . United Mutations of Rmerica Funkadelic enlists you on the side of your darkest fears by tapping into the toxic drives of technology. old worlds of Trad sensory deprivation are suddenly materialized . the Funkulator lives by cosmophagy. Rock plus aroma converge in what the RZA terms heavy mental music.' while Maggot Brain circles around the cosmic bummer : 'I have tasted the Maggots in the Mind of the Universe . In '70'S What Is Soul. falls kneedeep into the shit of the world. I Am Funka delic . expand them until the listener swims through a universe brimming over with cosmic slop. they're defenceless from rhinal attack. pointed incisors. an attempt to dismantle the formal structure of time and space which the universe wraps around us. Mr Stewart had the fear and could accept the ugliness. Mommy What 's A Funkadelic? opens with Clinton drawling demonically ' If you will suck my soul I will lick your funky emotion. Osmium. You breathe in the putrefaction of the universe . and his shit was so profound that you always thought he was talking about you . setting inhalation at war with the body. The formal structure of time collapses into swill. a terroride into the Altered States and United Mutations of America . Funkadelia becomes an appalling cyborganographics. gratuitously oralized . Ballard elaborates : 'The catastrophe represents a constructive and positive act of the imagination. squishing over magazine collages . So I can play with it . in Bell 's definition . with her maggot hair.a cartoon that leaves scars. the philosophical rite that Susan Sontag explains as 'the eating of the world.' To be funkadelicized is not to retreat back into the mind but to externalize the mind 's fears . organs without bodies more slimeware than wetware slither through space.' Like Galactus the planet-swallowing god of the Pedro Bell's gatefold sleeve art for the '73-'76 albums Cosmic Slop . Alimentary canals merge with maggots to become unidentifiable dripping matter oozing globules of goo . entrails escaping from the bodily incorporation that the digital materialist Nick Land terms the human security system . each Funkadelic scartoon . Because humans have no noselids. vaginal discharge .03[054] 03[055] The Logic of catastrophe In Wars of Armageddon.reveals episodes from a prolonged EcoRape of Mother Earth . Sly would see it slightly. swaps shapes with a mouth as wide as the cosmos which spits out the soul in an endless well of phlegm . I Am Not of your World / But fear me not. the world is annihilated before your very ears in a logic that J. Digestive tracts . Funkadelia is total dis-organization . amplifies its imperceptible aroma. the disconcerting slurpy slew of cyborgans gone awol .' Marvel universe. time slips backwards into what Clinton will later term a backwashpsychosis. sucked and played with. In Eulogy and Light. Funkadelia intensifies the osmosis of funk. soul . that any situation we make will be rotten because the attitude we 're using is already poisoned . the Funkadelic Alien arrives on Earth : 'Behold . the funk cyborg spills its guts in a diabolical chaos of pustulating 'nastyness '.' The inside sleeve artwork of '72 'S America Eats Its Young shows the Statue of Liberty with bloodstained fangs snacking on babies. Space loses its dignity. From '73 'S Cosmic Slop onwards . G. a physiology of perception . At the other extreme from Kraftwerk's seamless menschmachine. Parliament's <> Funkadelic 's '70 debut. Cyborganographics Thought is bio-Iogical or does not exist Rene Menil chaosmic Kemistry Funkadelia opens a biologic of thought. funkadelia therefore invades through the nostrils and seeps through the nerves . Aliens riveted together from steel plates with jigsaw-puzzle shaped outlines where organs should be slide altimeters from cold to hot . Felt-tipped intestines emerge from the giant Mother figure. slitted eyes . Concepts are fondled and licked.' Here a universe is small enough to roll on the tongue: metaphysics desublimates. universe : the old . creeping umbelli forms .

There 's a powerful sensation of deletion as samples trigger successive waves of synthetic defamiliarization .which includes the vcr and the ansafone . Sampladelia is both the reality-effect of samples you recognize and the Origin Unknown effect of samples you don 't . Stripmining the source draws attention to the Parliamentarian or the Serge Gainsbourg archive . Sampler memory determines this as a rule for all sampladelia. blatantly disregarding original intent. These Unidentified Sonic Objects can suddenly substitute themselves for the world . distributed along its dimensions but this world leans into yours. It operates as Motion Capture . Levels fluctuating on the phoneline in Abbaon Fat Tracks . Sampladelia is the state of being overcome by 20 seconds of sound. orphaning you . 0. where Thomas Newton sees the 18th C peasants through the yellow of centuries while they see a white Rolls.' It 's an anachronizer that derealizes time : a snare from '69 Michigan United Studios . washing you up on its shores . suffused in blue . the instrument that makes all other instruments. In the information fallout of the sampladelic era. I am the wild machinist. The sample r is the universal instrument. crossfading into the time Miles calls yesternow . The sampler insists you know what sounds you love . chase Through the Headphones: Tricky Equipped with contradictory visions. The sampler . You ' re forced to externalize your taste . Funkadelia generates a global head . Tricky designs a scatterbrain which thinks bomblike. Pedro Bell's emetic pharmadelia wants you to vomit ingested emotion. it puts the external world 'into the service of the reality of our mind '. beliefs swallowed and impacted into boli. the mother whispering 'Can you fly fast as you can to be with Jesus': all this is a window opening in time.03(056) 03[057] in a universe of someone else 's insides . I would throwaway a century of movies for The Breakbeat functions by cutting into the track. cruising through farmland . . the Breakbeat sacrifices the past to the now . Motion capture You value the momentary sample because it abducts you . reconstructing the present samuel R. a duet of the Bombay Studio Orchestra from '72 on Led Zeppelin's Friends with gunshots modulated from a CCTV clip to videostatic from a '63 ZDF documentary on Dogon cosmograms to the shriek of Jerry Goldsmith's Varesian arrangements for the Planet of the Apes soundtrack. I observe a new mechanique. sound falling into your mind. but the sampler function is as predatory as it is respectful.5 seconds of processed videosignal captured from an unknown 50S tv film set in an imaginary 40s . an ego that explodes in the atomic chain reaction . You're abducted into this world.is a machine for derealizing solid state sounds. past destroyed. Every sample is a report on <> from the internal state of your sensorium . Sampling allows a way of collapsing all eras music onto a chip Greg Tate of black The Anachronizer The sample works like the scene in Nic Roeg's '76 The Man Who Fell to Earth. Delany Abducted by Audio this anachronic moment . an ugly hand caged in pretty metal. Indifferent to tradition . The conceptoxic landscape makes you sick to make you better. ruthlessly discarding The Song . The sampler operates just like this Roeg sequence or like the music heard in Ishmael Reed's Egypt AD '72: 'A mixture of Sun Ra and Jimmy Reed played in the nightclub district of ancient Egypt's "The Domain of Osiris ". It imposes your sensual satisfaction on you as a condition of its memory capacity. Jeru the Damajaa's equation for scattershot thought is 'my brain C3 H5 N3 09 like nitroglycerin' . The detonating ' i' in Funkadelic's logo is atmospherocephalic in Dali's sense . eclipsing it .when the 18th and 20th Cs infiltrate each other. your personal selection amplified into a global memorybank.

Tricky is not so much a narcissist as a narcossist. an exposed cortex w(th all his nerves on the outside. disembodying the song. at home nowhere. each sample recognizes you.03[058] 03[059] You Rre a Habitform I feel alien. Heard in its unknown original . the self goes up in smoke . press the remote. awkwardnes s. Tricky is a hypersensitive human antenna. a bedroom music. The narcissist gets high on the endless supplies of themselves. a phantom funk of stealth and intermittence . implicates you in a conflict of confusion. Murray Schafer Subtract the Song Against pop's presence. Bomblike The narcossist dissipates all this hard work as easily as inhaling : ' My brain thinks my brain thinks bomblike . not just one thing at a time.' Like Basquiat's worldmachine painting Pegasus. With Tricky. perpetually transmitting abrupt bursts. the HipHop voice deflates and spatializes into a headphone music for headz . Dub is the nth-degree warpfactor . Tricky's not interested in narrative as much as psychogeographical textures that blur the subject = object divide into a hazy continuum. a window into psychoaffective time. as Tricky points out 'everything happens at once . Trad HipHop hypes the voice . Often. x-raying the song structure. feels far more present than does rub 's oversouled human presence . listening to the world. the beat becomes a Motion Capturer that seizes your skin memory. The Blunt Smokes You Headspace is the geography of the mind which can be reached by no telescope R. this croak is barely there. petulance . The sample. Listening to the breaks flare up from the unfamiliar track. Hearing the original recede into unrecognizability reverses the Breakbeat procedure. post-HipHop headmusic becomes headless . the organism formed by habit. the trace element. hunting the ghosts of sonic textures. never do drugs because drugs take time away from yourself. exposes and externalizes the instamatic mechanism that is your innermost taste . human aerials resonating with the lowfrequency oscillations of the city in tremulous sympathy. verbal flow slows down to a baleful crawl that cloaks Martina's withered husk of a drawl. on the other hand. Being is an unbearable heaviness . By admitting to fl a ws. just a shade of itself. flashbacks your flesh . wraithlike. Tricky fashions a searing force from weakness. hunting the ignored audiozones . and like someone's going to recognize Digging in the crates means becoming a samplefinder. dysfunktionality disarms HipHop's bellicose . It reveals the intimate interface between you and the turntable. a human radar. I'm trying to be 3-dimensional. It reveals the spontaneous you as a servomechanism of the playback function. Narcissists never smoke. 'My brain thinks bomblike' : all the info of the datasphere floods into these human transmitters . dub asserts the logic of the dropout. subtracts into an apparition. It retroactivates all the times the needle draws you to drop it on the groove. compelled to load the cd. spite . the indifferent/ useless original track. For the narcossist. its realtime voice .' Nowadays . Tricky's inhibited murmur doesn't emerge so as much retreat asthmatically from the side of his mouth. revs it into a motor mouth . Martina and Tricky are not so much singers as fluxes . of space as an invasive force on the song. makes audiovisual the machine 's view of you. The narciSSist works fulltime on the endless job that is themselves. me in a minute as an alien Tricky Wraith On Massive Attack 's '91 Blue Lines. amplifying frailness. Each sample is an aural camera which reveals you as a Clintonian habitform. precious time that the narcissist could be spending on themselves . Time turns back. returns you to a long-gone world in which OJ Kool Herc never invented the Breakbeat. unheimlich . It disorganizes The Song. With Tricky. distributing its traces. lift the needle off the runout groove. As an agent of alteration . its recognizable edges. chasing down the remnant. dub 's derealization of The Song's profile . the song's gravity being plunged into a yawning chasm.

roam around . I escape with my sanity. the perpetual ringing of the ears that you can never switch off. psychic pathologies plaguing HipHop's wretched hoodrats: 'You have been denied the right to your 3rd Eye .. volume less shapes writhe around his croaking death rattle : 'So it seems I'm the Devil 's son / Out of breath and on the run / Jesus Christ they wanna be me. the threshold to godlike perception . replacing it with a miasma of swarming drones. Shivering shreds of voice shadow each other. . Sibilated . crushed by sonic pressure. t. t . infernal sighs . Tricky 's voice slows to a crawling shudder. terrified. The beats don't keep time . all the words are Withered.. the mind's eye. A high-pitched hum insinuates through the track . leaving you enervated . The song 's remains are saturated by an overwhelming claustrophobia that pervades everything. a million-year-old body sensor. . t . swarming with dog devils and earth angels. Now it's shut t . Everything is petrified . Psychosis drains your lifeblood. On one hand the 3rd Eye is an obsolete pineal gland.03[060] 03[061] belligerence . split off. a destabilized flux of perpetual paranoia . Your body cringes from its infernal shakers but the intensified malevolence reaches out and traps you . . unfounded grudges and wild guesses: all these externalize themselves... you know. ..' Songs become prophetic visions that accelerate the apocalypse they warn against : 'Space race the alien / The Devil 's come for me/ The Devil's come for me. the eye of insight that gives humans immaterial innervisions.. it 's the large. ' Tricky explains the drug <> tech interface of the Christ Complex: ' I smoke a lot of weed and .. No more to be opened' [laughs). each asthmatic heave draws you in through its nostrils . 720' of peripheral suspicion .. Syntax is dragged until speech is dried out . the remnant of ape . deliberately inducing a new and improved tinnitus. You 're caught inside a pair of giant lungs.' His voice crawls to a stage whisper . come alive. On the other. ' The world becomes a permanent threat. sucked from an oxygen mask. The RZA stretches out each word in the spooked shudder of Hanna Barbera horrorcore. horrified. No earl ids. The RZA winces after each line as if needles ink out tattoos on his back: 'There is no more rain left in the forest . the Christian psychomachies . draws you down into its world . t . it's a fact that people who smoke weed go through Devil syndromes and Jesus syndromes . dissolves House 's emotional carapace . The RZA 's diabolical atmosphere evacuates standard song structure . t. utilizing :Jrd vision / Surrounded by a :J-sided figure containing the brain of a triggering mechanism Organized Konfusion The first sign of psychosis is a Christ complex Paranoimia The lawnmower /lion VC Christ Complex<>Oevil Syndrome On '95 'S Psychosis. . t. disembodied moans and magnified breathing . unexplained blank spot in the middle of the visual field . instead they drag time down into a drugged tempo . human evolution . return as audiohallucinations . Each c1ose-miked inhalation. HipHop enters a digital Dark Age in which the Seven Deadly Sins. .

are routes through a network of volumes . Return of the Super Ape is dub that disturbs the atmosphere until it yields poltergeists . Perry reremixes nthdimensional impacts. a mind <> machine interface . a life itself. The wind of Baudelaire 's wings of madness sends sounds careering across living space . you put them into the machine by sending them through the controls and the knobs or you jack it into the jackpanel. an audio cyborg: 'You are listenin ' to a machine . these technical effects .' Stray sonic debris crashes through space . frustrating ricochets from an unloaded gun . we're changing time. [the drumsl were going through the Echoplex and with the Echoplex we can do anything . I dub from inner t o outer . The machine must be live and intelligent. Lee Perry 's productions and theory fictions open up an entirely new field : the MythScience of the mixing desk. the mixing desk is a mental machine . Arriving ahead of cause . confounding SonoMatter. Using the Echoplex to clone echoes and the Roland Space Echo to dela y time and accumulate shocks of reverberation. The Black Ark studio is a machine lifeform : '1 see the studio must be like a living thing.gate and reverb . We can change energy and feelings . The jackpanel is like the brain itself so you got to patch up the brain and make the brain a living man . 1 don't work with human beings . doorways and tunnel s connecting spatial architectures. 1 imitate human being.' Dub demands symbiosis that externalizes the mind . sound turns motiveless . neither snares nor syncussion but perplexing. its fundamentalist blood and fire. massaging it. Effects decelerate until they become baffling. violently bending the environment. inexplicable . drastically reconfiguring the human producer into a machine being. its thought flow: ' 1 put my mind into the machine and the machine performs reality. Remix Your Head Meteorology of the Echoplex In the Upsetter 's conceptechnics . Invisible thoughtwaves.' When you sculpt space with the mixing desk. we're changing space The Iotighty Upsetter Far from Rastafari 's flat-earth metaphysics. echo and flange .' It is a medium that forms reality.04(062) 04(063) INNER SPATIALIZING THE SONG I introduce myself as a mistake Indelible Iotes The Secret Life of Sound Machines Perry is the analyst of the studio 's ability to extend perception . looms into closeup . I'm a machine being. The Upsetter taps into the secret life of sound machines . 'Well . The Song is disinterred until its ghost universes populate the world. leaving a skeletal ribcage . premonitional. opens the cybernetics of the studio . [Towards 0] MythScience of the Mixing Desk: The Upsetter We're taking over the sun. Perry diagrams the neurocircuitry of the Soundcraft mixing board. In the electromagnetic nth world of '75 'S Revolution Dub and '78'S Return of the Super Ape. 'The drum contro ls the hea rtbeat and the bass holds the space . The mixing desk decomposes The Song.

it means we are taking over. listening has to completely change. trickling water. You could hear space in the tracks. we 're taking over the star . just as Holger Czukay uses radiO . ferric . a cow. the Echoplex creates an ominousness without an object. we 're changing space . The mixing desk accesses the magnetic fields . yanks the floorboards from underneath you .' Throughout Re vo lution Dub. The Song is x-rayed into exoskeletal forms through which tv leaks . confounds the process of pattern cognition by leaving the expected beat implied . the ceiling . I don ' t really get it out of no other studiO. but rusted. theme tune and studio applause .' ' Revolution Dub is not so much produced as reduced by Perry. pulse falls through subtracted space . Perry crosses into its ghost dimension. walks through the temporal maze of aural architecture. Giant pulsations trample space like colossal youth . I am the Ghost Captain. Kojak is an intoxicated mix. Instead of the beat being this one event in time. Glass shatters . we 're changing power. Your ear has to chase the sound . arthritic drum boxes in a perpetual rhythms hower. we're changing time . disappear down a corridor. The beat becomes a tail which is always disappearing round the corner and your ear has to start chasing it . an echochamber of moans in which space staggers and lurches dangerously. 'So me join the ghost squad longtime and them notice me as the Ghost Captain. which rends The Song. tugs and pushes at expectation. the floor. drawing signals down through the aerials into The Song. Perry enlists a crying baby. Every track ambushes you . Perry samples tv before the sampler. Like a great grandfather clock gone loco. The ghosts of ghosts of effects. The Echoplex turns listening into running. Reality reverses itself. Incongruous occupation of the same dimension . whistles . toilet flushes. the pedal depresses air between 2 cymbals so it By bringing the outside into the inside of The Song. it becomes this series of retreating echoes. crooning ' Doctor on the Go ' over and over as if he 's being bereaved while the studio laughtrack shudders in then subsides back into babble . If you 're wearing headphones or a walkman it becomes a chase through the headphones. In Doctor on the Go. We 're taking over the air. Initially the snare hits a stretched drumskin . Perry releases sitcom ghosts into the spectral Song. Beats ricochet off 360' . a molecular motion . polyrhythm wrongfoots you . an all-pervasive feeling of force undefined . Perry 's bereft. of atmospheric energies . Operating the mixing desk demands you explore its network of altering spaces. like a tail of sound . it's pulled out from between beats until it convulses. Space changes places. Echo turns the bea t from a localized impact into an environment with you inside . croakers. and vice versa . Pneumatic metal pressure. For Woman 's Dub. Shakers . Where rhythm should be there is space. we 're taking over the sun . Separated from its cause. The Black Ark studio switches on a technology-magic discontinuum . the cymbal is always just out of reach . squawling babies. sitcom Ghosts stalk the Spectral Song As soon as you have echo. Refractions bounce back from any surface . The bursts of smashing glass. always taking the corner of perception . . each production becomes a percussion contraption . sprung open and haywired. bells. By opening holes at the tightest moments of the groove . buckles. The snares drum like knitting needles on silver fOil. toy piano. tears it apart. The world turns into a giant drum with you at its centre . we're taking over the mounts.04(064) 04(065) space. 5th generation fx. folds up into fists of solid air that buffet you with what Perry calls the Shocks of the Mighty. rattles and rustles agitate the air. the tails of sound as they turn the corner. microscopic magick th a t anticipates the nth-dimensional needlepoint of 4 Hero 's The Paranormal in Four Forms. It is a control tower from which the turbulence of technology is reconfigured: 'We are here at the Turntable Terranova. Perry picks out a hesitant lullaby on piano . Raindrops and a natu re -d oc umentary voiceover seeps in : ' Man has always been a threat to wo odl a nd a nimals . Now the impact that run away from your hearing rebounds back at you from the wall. The sound that I get out of the Black Ark studio. unforeheard screams. we're changing grace . a horse and a 70S tv sitcom on backing vocals.' In a World of Echo hisses . rustling wind scatter The Song to the winds . It was like a space craft. From King Tubby to Basic Channel . You can ' t catch the beat . ambiences rub in an incompatible friction. Revolution Dub is The Upsetter 's mindfield. the distorted snares drum like needlepoint magick. rattles . Spectral dub pivots around an absent beat . slows down into collapsing cardboard. Bush Weed's drums are reversed so the cymbal sustain expands in a metallic shimmer before the snares beat time. crackling open another timezone inside the track. curving around the walls of the world.' Space between sound doesn 't drop out.

the fuzz and leakage of nth-generation tape-distress become lead instruments. ' His method of dumping tracks onto one track to free them for further overdubbing introduced an effect of degradation that became an essential part of the mix. an entire spectral dimension in sound . he sings in an eggshell treble as fragile as Leslie Cheung. To be futuristic is to jettison rhythm . the Trad location and identification of sound in space . near and far all heave and yaw in a seasickness of the ear. Distortion pushes at the limits of the medium until it exceeds the medium. Vangel is ' Blade Runner soundtrack: all these are good records . rockabye bassmotion. The beat is the ballast which prevents escape velocity. the music of the future is always beatless . R Field Trip through an Electromagnetic Environment of Distortion VIRTUALIZING THE BREAKBEAT The sonic future from Kraftwerk to Pink Floyd is always balanced. nothing but updated examples of an 18th C sublime . fibrous and aquatic . teeming with wraiths deprived of definition. Everything emerges from the subaudible static of underwater electrickery. the spatial coordinates of up and down. Your hearing is on the verge of throwing up. disintegrating into oxide.' What Steve Barrow calls degradation is electromagnetic enchantment. neatly converging with online disembodiment. Sound sussurates into an electromagnetic nth world through which ghosts grow. depth of field is neither weightless and empty nor vaulting and overwhelming. perpetually rustling and granulating . In Raindrops. which stops music breaking beyond the event horizon . inducing an oppression by space . lost from history. the Chinese boy-girl performer in the '93 film Farewell My Concubine.04[066] 05[067] tottering in a tremulous falsetto of compelling indecipherability. In Return of the Super Ape. quadrophonically separated . seething. sibilance . Perry buries video tapes in soil . a drunkenness of the head. a threatening sense that space is about to crush you .but sonically speaking. in which balance lurches. Listening becomes a field trip through a found environment . With The Upsetter. Rob Playford and Goldie. . Degeneration: Regeneration. The Song imploding. transcendent. his tremolo is languidity. On the snare drop. turning the medium environmental. Instead it's crowded with crackle. The music of the future is weightless. they 're as futuristic as the Titanic. Wildstyle Adventures in the Hyperdimensions of the Breakbeat: 4 Hero. drizzling rain. Balance. push you off this revolving planet. A Guy Called Gerald Traditionally. is replaced by a seesawing motion. Eno 's Apollo soundtrack. drowning the echoscape in a haze of electric feedback. become porous. The tracks succumb to apparitions . Perry makes distortion the lead instrument in his intoxicated mixology. effects superimpose and wraiths congregate . crackle like the celluloid burning up at the end of Ingmar Bergman's film '66 Persona. Holst's Planet Suite as used in Kubrick's 2001. jostling for space. and tiptoes through Bird in Hand on lily pads. heaving.

05[068] 05[069] Technology has made us look at music through a microscope Goldie The Computerization of the Breakbeat With the post-Marley Marl computerization of the Breakbeat .' Wound up into a hairtrigger tautness . You're a giant haunch. at the moment when 'you're reading the break like braille.' In Paranormal. Gachet terms the audiomaze . the unofficial science of rhythm hacking the break until it becomes a passage into the drumtrip and the drumtrick . the left as speed-metal blur. Drumsticks become knitting needles hitting electrified bedsprings at 180 bpm. your neck cringes . Each break branches. Breakbeat science is the secret technology of gene-splicing sound . Behind you space trembles as each flightpath agitates the other's orbit at different speeds . As Dego McFarlane of 4 Hero explains : 'You end up with a sound that's like a 6th-generation sample . all this [rlearview hearing is over. But Breakbeat science is the runaway future of computer music . the right as knife-sharpening scythe. Moving into the possibility space of hyperrhythm . your entire body hunches up . replicating across bedroom studios in a series of covert operations. who crosses the threshold of the human drummer in order to investigate the hyperdimensions of the dematerialized Breakbeat. saying how they saw things coming out of the lights and tried to grab them . all caught up in what producer Dr S. Caught up in the Audiomaze Breakbeat Science Is Rhythmic Psychedelia The Breakbeat scientist never sweats : rhythmatics becomes less about practice. breaks springload the reflexes until you become a body-gun aching to be released . Hyperrhythm 's digital supersession of the human immedia tely a lters your perception of the percussive act. impossible to hear in a history of causation. talking about The Paranormal. The left side is effected into a transistor treble. in which alphanumerical sound escapes from the lab.' Hypercussion With The Paranormal in Four Forms. The Paranormal in Four Forms exemplifies the supercussive goal of 4 . As an actional event in times pace . opens up a new illogi c of hypercussion and supercussion. peaking at a stress-inducing screech . Our drummers don't sweat anymore Kraftwerk Hero: to reconfigure rhythms so that they travel through space . Simultaneously the left-side break distresses into a high-pitched tone which drops out only to loom up in your ear. posthuman rhythm that 's impossible to play. drumming loses its solidity. McFarlane recalls ' kids coming up to you . McFarlane and Goldie 'used to talk about this sound that would go all the way around and tap you on the shoulder . an escalation of rhythmic timbreffects. Your muscles seize up . crackling on impact with humps of atonal bass . ready to be released by the trigger. The left-Side break fades away behind your head . intersecting with the right in a subsonic turbulence . completely different to what you started with . more about 'thinking and hearing'. hyperrhythm begins at the point when 'we 've lost the drummer'. To go out into space today means to go further into rhythm . the rattlesnake break in the right speaker travels around your head . Both orbits coincide. reorganizing sound into an aerodynamic epic . For Goldie .' To talk of the 'future of computer music' immediately presumes a academic composer-scientist locked into a prewar model of top-down official science. reemerging so close it grazes your head while the right is far off. Beats split and launch themselves in parallel flightpaths. shrieking like a jetfighter. At this level altered beats trigger what Method Man terms subcraziness . swallowing its tail. as Kraftwerk said . Breakbeat science scrambles the logic of causation . The 2 cross . fading behind your neck. Each beat recoils playing the nerves like a harp . subaudible. rattlesnake spasms which compress into bedsprings as taut as Tesla coils. the Futurist producer is the scientist who goes deeper into the break. Far from abandoning rhythm. rhythm is a heatseeking break which goes awol. you're inside binaural anamorphosis . each swallows the other and everything is tubed through an nth-dimensional torus .

To say that today 's producer is inarticulate and monosyllabic only reveals how standard criticism is deaf to the sensory spectrum captured in Sonic Fiction . 3rd-Ear hearing. Your motorsensory system communicates paralinguistically from a future which today's media can't even begin to decrypt. contorted. PhonoFiction and machine mythologies. to turn on the entire body as a big brain . This communication breakdown is what Breakbeat science calls abstract. topology sensual. Physics is the gateway into a kinaesthesia in which geometry is physical. inherited habits . the inefficient and often antiquated nervous circuits of the past strangle our potentiality for responding to new possibilities . The nervous system. Language lags behind beats and must be mashed up. When the eye's capacity to explain the ear breaks down. it intensifies them . Space titles announce that the physical laws of rhythm are about to be involuted. in the sensory superparadoxes of Escher's '54 lithograph Tetrahedral Planetoid. because the brain is distributed across the entire surface of the body. the transensory . is now far in advance of all Trad understanding.05(070) 05(071) science today has become a machine representation Paul Virilio of outrageous The Abstract The Physics of Physicality Hyperrhythm generates a new physics of physicality. teetering on the brink of new speech. science sensualizes. The body thinks in unknown kinds of bodily intelligence because it 's a large brain . physics takes over. control as soon as the visual collapses. Rhythmic psychedelia therefore activates new kinds of dermal thought. Kinaesthetic disorientations become audible in the astrophysical track titles of 4 Hero's '94 concept double album Parallel Universe. Radio astrophysics becomes Drexciya 's aquawormholes . the 'speculative fantasy of science' that Ballard called for back in '62. Breakbeat science's extreme rhythmic involution forCibly inducts you into a new motor system. a big brain whose zones are nonetheless separated from each other by centuries. happily. Quantum physics translates easily into Marvel comics and Warner Bros cartoons because quarks. the first sensory field to be overhauled by digital rhythm. It impacts at levels barely explicable in the normal languages of sensation. Time stretches into a state of sensory shipwreck that producer Roni Size in ' 94 termed the 'Phizical' . whose purpose is to spring the sensorium into activity. Breakbeat science compels you into the state diagnosed by Norman Mailer in '57: 'We are obliged to meet the tempo of the present and the future with reflexes and rhythms which come from the past. SCience takes. Rhythmachines d/ evolve into Sonic Science. by phizical convolutions that language hasn 't caught up with yet. turns you into a stepper rollin ' with reinforced reflexes. Science d/ evolves into Foucault's sensational phantasmaphysics. Physics doesn't numb the senses. when language falls away and fails. The body is being mutated limb by limb. The scientific title makes rhythmic psychedelia audible. instead it opens up a possibility space of hypersensation. It's not God's Word that underpins the subatomic Universe. The body is a distributed brain. The science in Breakbeat science doesn't drain sensation. at a level more sensed than explicated. Abstract doesn't mean rarefied or detached but the opposite: the body stuttering on the edge of a future sound. It is ordinary language that's dumb and which must be adapted . gluons and the Big Bang all point to the malleable laws underpinning physical reality. Breakbeat science is the physics of rhythm. it's Plastic Man's. Rather than disembodying the body . just as a wrinkle in time collapses the fabric of space-time. Language drags its flabby arse after sound. as jungle producer Marvellous Cain insists.' The Distributed Brain Is a Body The sensory motor reflexes of the body are centuries ahead of minds still locked into dead traditions . Beats become abstract at the point when the body succumbs to sensations which induce a gulf crisis in speech. The cognitive dissonance of science amplifies the perceptual wrench of rhythmic psychedelia. Listening sharpens up the senses until they bristle like spikes . rinsed out. 4 Hero 's Parallel Universe is all drumtrips and drumtricks . Breakbeat science therefore opens a continuum between title and track across which sensory concepts move freely. Therefore it is misspelt. Rhythmically speaking. the digital Breakbeat intensifies it. The impossible physical states of quantum chromodynamics easily become Parliament's quarks and gluons.

mixed feelings. are sped up and involuted . the feeling in the ear. Nobody else can get down with it 'cause it's too 5th-dimensional. Beyond Wildstyle. you know. remixed and encrypted . I call it the 5th-dimensional step-parallel staircase. a fall through the impossible topology of the 3rd dimension that emerges from the 2nd-dimension wall. beats become blades that slash and scythe at '70 bpm . the Computer Style is when the letter as environment becomes the letter as an Escherized maze. Like if I take a knife and cut it. Mark Clair of 4 Hero recalls that 'We used to have weekends where we 'd just make sounds and process breaks. Now I use a Mac to do the same thing Goldie Of Pictogrammatology Graffiti turns the message into the medium. tactile and kinetic sensations that make use of both the auditory and visual channels .' By using the sampler's quantum expansion of the ASDR envelope to alter rather than repair the broken beat. Escher explains that ' three gravitational forces operate perpendicularly '. Keyboards bend and shift pitch into glutinous. Looking becomes a movement into the dimensions of the pictogram. The bass buckles and wilts . Solar Emissions and Wrinkles in Time suggest that breaking down standard speeds into molecular plastic. what audiovisual theorist Michel Chion calls its 'temporal resolving powers'. puts them through a mental gymnasium. Instead of looking through the letter. typography remodelled . The Battle of Planes In the notes for Relativity. The senses are kinaesthetized into an orig . >army. gradients that reverse gravity like skyscrapers that . Wildstyle intensifies graffiti 's 3D impossibility into the hyperimpossible image-levels of 5D. In Wildstyle . To look is to be rocketed across the planes of the letter. circling your heat. 'cause it's like Computer Style in a step-formulated way. Drumsticks writhe like poised rattlesnakes.' Kaze 2'S 5D art translates Escher 's '53 lithograph Relativity to the letter. roborapper Craig Mack's 'flava in the ear': 'When kinetic sensations organized into art are transmitted through a single sensory channel. Collapsing pitch ambushes you into a transformation scene on fastforward. a battle style. Computerization allows 4 Hero to investigate microscopically the microtones of pitch in drums. Percussion melts into spongy texturematter that spills its guts over the track. knitting needles that hit tinfoil so fast that each impact triggers a spitting crackle of fuzz. rhythm crosses the threshold from wood to metal to what producer Jay Magick terms 'needlepoint magick '. Computer Style involutes the senses. A continuing competition exists between the two. shot along diagonals that charge space with acute dynamics. It folds the mind into an origami state. make your ears squint. the word becomes an imageenvironment . is the aural equivalent of going through the Star Gate in 2001. Rhythmic psychedelia triggers the eye in your ear. melting infragamelan . and slice . Shadow Run is a sequence of grandfather c10ckchimes running down with an offkey queasiness until what sounds like tape starts to buckle and bump as if it 's spooling out over the mixing desk and into space. Rhythmic signals are filtered through synthesizers until they coil like cables and springs . I'll slice it to my own section and I'll call it Computer Style.' Breakin' in Space The graffiti artist cracked the letter first. The writer becomes DJ Hype's computerizer . Beyond wild style: Computer Style Parallel Universe crosses texturhythmic thresholds. through this single channel they can convey all the other senses at once. draws you into new sensory spectra. Kaze 2: 'Wildstyle was the coordinate style and then computer. escaping from the world of the track to probe around your head. into stuff you play with.05(072) 05(073) capacities of embodied thought. polyparadoxical drum emotions not yet named. baffling the body's sense of location in time. bass and synth. armed for a contest of lines. reassembles the sensorium ready for the hi -pressure future it depicts. the eye is arrested by the letter. The ear's power to locate the shape of sound in time . In Solar Emissions detuned anamorphic warps and quarks flare above your head. In transforming the letter into the pictogram . travels across its surface . Titles such as Sunspots. rhythmic. Computer Style is the alphabet gone digital. dynamic. It's just sectioned off the way I want.' To look is to have your head wrecked. civil war breaks out between operating "gravitational forces "' so that 'background and foreground take turns changing functions . That's what I brought out.

jah.is fictionalized as the Metalhead . effects are the lead instruments . ' I can conceive of the series of images on a plane division [Computer Style] and the sequence of sounds of a musical composition [jungle] as different steps of just one staircase . With its headphone apparatus . Rob Playford : 'We 'd go round a loop . Your head becomes this giant muscle. Timeless is therefore a sonic canvas: 'Across the horizontal / A passage through the canvas . Remixillogy Is the Art-Science of the Sequel chains as time turns to metal. Two drumbreaks are processed until they rattle like chrome snaketails . Goldie writes the aeroglyphic piece Future World Machine . eye and nose slits. 4 more Inner City Life mixes . Pictogrammatically speaking. it 's armoured for what 4 Hero termed comba t da ncing. Hence Terminator mutates into a menagerie of monsters from the low end : 4 versions of Terminator 2 . as if the motor coordination needed for walking. remixes of T3. technical operations which grasp the passage of rhythm through space.' As Escher pointed out. there are three sections of strings . The dubplate . hunted by diagonals . the harassed eye wanders until it's impaled on the corner. like pitchbend or modulation or gating. Goldie : 'The graffiti artist cracked the letter first.the metal acetate . and ends as industrial process .' Computer style visually anticipates the computerization of rhythm . Fragments of Timeless are twisted into Inner City Life. agonized organ that doesn 't know where to put itself. filter. effect. Breaks become As engineer Rob Playford elaborates. then put it back on OAT. demands new terms like 'snaking out a break or tubing a sound '. jah remixes. Cubased . Stalked by angles . When they meet they swallow each other and reverse backwards. they've been sculpted . Surfaces converge to trap the optic nerve at a point of maximum impossibility.' Breakbeat science rinses out language . they 're in 40 . the future sound . Dillinja 's jah the Seventh Seal is a magnified detail from the Timeless canvas . the total remake . Then we 'd pick up that sound later on and go through a different route with the effects and filters so it would end up even farther away from what we 'd started with . Simultaneously. It starts out as digital process . The Engineer Is an Imagineer Remixology doesn ' t replace a track so much as proliferate it into parallel alterdimensions. Configuring new sounds opens a possibility space inside the screen . Computer Style migrates across different physical scales . Remixology is digital. InSide the Breakbeat. the next track . The letterform becomes a city of parallel lines of force . let alone dancing. a virtual topol ogy unfolds itself. The seething metal fatigue of jah the Seventh Seal induces outbreaks of literally headwreckin ' synapse-warping. it is Computer Style .' Timeless translates the 5th dimension of Computer Style into the hyperdimensions of the virtual Breakbeat. the scientist battles with the rhythmatical weapons of 'the zord . The word becom e s a futurescape hostile to traditional sensoria . the phases of my life. this mindless . the 'different steps of just one staircase' . The industri a l proces s extrudes the Metalhea dz face-logo . pitch things up or down. Jungle Escherizes the break into digital information . Now I use a Mac to do the same thing .industri a l. as anima tion of the Cubased brea k.' . the twister . an agonizing muscular crisis. the remodel. a slowed-down bl o w-up o f on e hyperdimension . Effects play the breaks : 'On Timeless . T3 . the s ub stain . pincered by a parallax plane . These arhythmic noises compel a kind of bodily seizure . jumps from the wall to the screen . the bl a de. computer Style Cuba sed In '86 . Inside the Akai . panning in opposite ways around your head. They 're all the same sounds but each section has a different set of controls . Rhythm phaseshifts from needlepoint to industrial in a war between machine Iifeforms on the metallic plateaux . has just crashed from too much sensation. The loops . the dj's dem a nd for the dubplate . Remixology is the science of the sequel and the art of the drastic retrofit .05(074) 05(075) drill to the earth 's core . With '95'S Timeless .' The 5th Dimension becomes the Infinite Remix of Drum 'n ' Bass . machinic groans and wrenching metallic sighs heave and drift across the overlapping orbits of both breaks . Vectors and horizontals join forces to push the retina to the razor 's edge .

Your ears start to taste sound . They've done that in a space and time . . Gerald generates the ghost break: the derealized wraithrhythm writhes throughout the digital foliage . pulses. Senses swap so that your skin hears and your ears feel. Now you've got flava in your ear. a process which leads to Gerald 's conundrum : 'Does time work in rhythm or does rhythm work in time? ' Amazon < . shed their sandpaper skins .. On Black Secret Technology. As beats ensnare you in the parallel complexity of the amplified jungle. Your skin turns into one giant all-over ear.' Rhythm is plastic : 'Say someone has created a drumbeat . intensifying it into an alien rhythmborder: 'You could create a sound that you couldn 't quite recognize because it would be going backwards . Fleeting sensations of feeling skim across the skin. Ear tactility. Height . Nazinji Zaka turns the ear into a directional mike that's constantly pulling focus. dappling the ear with microdiscrepancies between beats . polyrhythm deletes the human from the jungle. hummingbirds ' feathers rustling in the canopies . Dermal ears. we play with time . which demands posthuman motor reflexes . confounding . Futurhythmachines complexify the beat into what Kelly terms an 'alien power' . African jungles are acoustically disorientating . You can get totally wrapped up in it. effecting it and subtracting the sample. By sampling a break. seizing the synapses. it becomes unaccountable .05[076] 05[077] with a sample you've taken time. Nazinji Zaka . I'd have something going forwards for a beat and then reversing for the other beat. Finley 's Rainbow. your skin starts to feel what your e a rs can't. you 're playing with time . If you take the end and put that at the start . You feel like you have turned time around . Instead of reconnecting the human to nature. Ryuichi Sakamoto's Riot in Lagos and Gerald combine electric signals . breaks rustle . depth and location reverse .' Each track teems with inhumanly detailed percussion. or take what they 've done in the middle. When polyrhythm phaseshifts into hyperrhythm.. from there dispersing across the dermal surfaces . It still has the same energy but you can reverse it or prolong it. The beat is a posthuman bush of ghosts. ' Ghosting out the Break beats phase shift. The Glok Track. blips and kickdrums into a synthetic psychedelia . cross a threshold and become tactile sensations that sussurate the body. compounded . Counter and crossrhythms tug the body into zigzags. Your muscles tense and contract as they pull in and out of perceptual motorfocus . With a sample you 've taken time . You can get totally wrapped up in it. The Sleevenote Manifesto to Black Secret Technology grasps the implications of computerizing the break: 'We have advanced to a level where we can control time sonically by stretching a sound . It scrambles the sensorium . At these convergences . It still has the same energy but you can reverse it or prolong it. Gerald 's Nazinji Zaka is a futurhythmic psychedelia which seizes the skin in itchyscratchy sensations that gather around the joints . You feel like you have turned time around A Guy called Gerald The Jungle Is a Futurhythmachine Rhythmic psychedelia emerges when sonic events are in synch while out of phase . adapts the human into a 'distributed being' strung out across the webbed spidernets and computational jungles of the digital diaspora . Like Sakamoto's Riot in Lagos.

the machine would be able to beat any number of desired notes. unrelated cross rhythms refract into a maze of mirrors refracting cicada creaks and cricket croaks . hihats . rhythms treated simultaneously into paradoxical sound angular accents . Electro is the . And here are the advantages I anticipate from such a machine : crossrhythms unrelated to each other . The beat becomes a staccato pulsation. lapp. a rhythm forest shower of screams and rustletime . omission or fraction of them. treated simultaneously . Cybotron . There are no snares .06[078] 06[079] PROGRRMMING RHYTHMRTIC FREQUENCIES hope of emulating drums . syncussion . rigid bounces. The 'cs' in ' tronics' is compressed to 'x' .just waveforms being altered . There are no bass drums . In Ryuichi Sakamoto 's Riot in Lagos. Electronic rhythms run in phase but out of synch . Haashim . all these in a given unit of measure or time which is humanly impossible to attain . Electro is electricity fictionalized into full-force fantasies of frequencies . Soul Sonic Force and Jonzun Crew. Migration Paths across the vocoder Spectrum: Cybotron. rhythms programmed to capture and compel . so that it transmits the PhonoCurrent of the Mandroid. the Rhythmachine cyborg. trap and trigger wetware motion. a voluptuous epilepsy. opens up the posthuman multiplication of rhythm : the rhythm synthesizer's spastic pulses seize the body. repeatedly overlap split seconds apart . Calling the rhythm synthesize r a drum -machine is yet one more example of [rle a rvi e w hea ring. only rhythm synthesizers programming new intensities from white no ise . palmless claps . rewiring the sensorium in a kinaesthetic of shockcuts and stutters . Futurhythmachines turn the extended capability of machines into supersensory powers. Man + Electron + [ics =l ix = Mantronix . the programming of posthuman rhythmatics as predicted in '36 by composer Edgard Varese : ' I need an entirely new medium of expression : a soundproducing machine . the Roland 808 rhythm composer opens a new threshold . zapp-kicks . Posthuman Rhythmatics With Man Parrish . frequencies .just attack velocities. creating a stratum of seething. prehensile tension . The drum-machine has never sounded like drums because it isn 't percussion : it's electronic cur rent. The sampler is at first termed an 'emulator '. this automatization of rhythm which is rhythmatics. waveforms . Every tim e dec e le rated media writes about snares . it faithfully hears backwards . as if it does nothing but imitate existing sounds . synthe ti c percussion . Drexciya Man plus It is the rationalizing and ordering imposed by technology that makes us forget that machines have their origins in the irrational Georges Canguilhem [R]earview Hearing There are no drum-machines. kickdrums . any subdivision of them . and instead programs rhythms from electricity. a super sonotronic power. this massive augmentation of rhythm capability becomes an Electronic Energy. the twitchshrug-stopmotionpoplock-wavecut Motion Capture of electric boogaloo. Electro ignores this vain With Mantronix . altering sampl ed drum sounds into unrecognizable pitches . Electro is this crossfire of ' unrelated crossrhythms '.' This 'humanly impossible' time. rhythmatic intensities which are unrecognizable as drums . Signals interlock in a web of pulsations .

petrifying the voice into a robotik current. become cartoon. a sped-up cartoon-id voice. manmade. giddy and giggly.06(080) 06(081) spastic electricity of bodies going pop. demands a new dynamotion . Clear Your Mind/Erase Your Head 'Clear are these Days. Instead of using synthesiser tones to emulate string quartets. Electro crosses the threshold of synthetic vocalization . Mind . Space Invaders and Pac Jam are barely rhythms at all. At the low end . Lil Louis : all compress frequencies and pitchshift voices into the VaderVoder Effect . become supercomputer. from Cybotron 's debut album Enter. breaks out into the new spectrum of vocal synthesis . demanding an irregular regularity. . Electro resynthesizes The Song by the rhythm of the arcadegame . the Darkside of Electro. the Arkestral chant becomes a Daleks. it 's the Voice of Doom issuing the death command . breakflowing in time to Art of Noise . He was . Initially developed as German military technology for camouflaging transmissions . The VaderVoder drains the voice of affect to increase its effect. Hawking.55 min track In the Beginning is a tyrannical microverse of malevolent avatars with vocoder ids . into the universe of the track. It 's makin ' your body do weird things . instructing Electro kids to erase their heads. Sam Sam . exhaust fumes and piston hiss . Electro deploys them inorganically . ' an accelerator of sonorous particles . Clear.' Electro like Techno affects nerves and muscles . check it out . a disintegrator of sonorous matter '. In Offworld Electro . Your. into an electrophonic charge that gets directly on your nerves . It 's difficult to count electricity. Turning the voice into a synthetic spectrum of perverse voco-imps lets you talk with cartoons . the sonic weapon which zapps! you . so the vocoder spectrum runs from hyperbabble to ultraslow. altering the nature of attention into an unhealthily spasmodic concentration . The zapp! constricts space by tensing your nerves. Darth Vader 's rumble is processed through several systems before emitting from his metal grille . the Electro voice is a malicious gremlin.. At the high end . Not so much maladroit as malandroid . humans. It delivers a robotik elektricity. The rhythmic dissonance of 'counting electricity' resets the shapes of sensation. Electro Resequences Your Nerves warning blast rigid with Vadervoltage. snickering and babbling manically : ' Imagine somewhere in this universe an alien . Clear Today. Offworld Electro The Electro intro draws you offworld . Stephen W. more a barbaric frequency that directly interfaces with the junctions between nerve and muscle. dredging up the tenebral timbres of Haashim's '86 Primrose Path. speech frequencies filtered into phonic diktat . As choreographer Merce Cunningham points out. It synthesizes the voice into Voltage. giddiness. Dark energy corrodes the larynx. The synthesizer becomes a sound weapon . He was not made of stone. where the central processing chip replaces beats with signals-pulsations-zapps that brutally override your old neuromuscular system. '84'S Close [to the Edit] is rigidity gone loco .' In '85'S Clear. Like fluid . Electro resequences your nerves. clockwork breaking down into a contraption of backfiring car . an antagonistically nonhuman Voice of Doom . Reducing frequencies to the robotic only intensifies the emotional charge of Vader 's credo . Sleezy D. Electro triggers Vader's Empire to stun . He was not made of sand . Set the Sonotron to Stun On Jonzun Crew's Space is the Place.' Across the vocoder Spectrum The vocoder turns the voice into a synthesizer . Just as machine vision runs from infrared to ultraviolet . Electro Era LA Lockers dancer Shrimp explains this vision of rhythm as 'Soogalooin '. the vocoder is all id . the vocoder cuts out vocal frequencies . Stridulatory tones alter attack and launch across space in an aural flightpath that parallels Roy Lichtenstein 's Whaaam! jet-trail. sibilance sharpened into a match firing sandpaper. extremes of nonhuman highllow pitch . duets with a slowed-down Voice of Doom.. gripping with the baleful hostility of an offworld tazer . ' Electronic music affects your nerves not your muscles.' Clear's anempathetic syncussion is white noise filtered into impalpable claps. that there is ' power in the Darkside '. become animal . unmusically. Man Parrish 's 0. rollin ' of the body . becomes what composer lannis Xenakis calls the Sonotron .

the metronomic Rhythmengine pulling itself ahead . an inexorable. Darthouven Fish Men and Mutant Gillmen . 977Z. Danger Bay. through Bubble Metropolis. when beats syncromesh until they generate an automotion effect. a premature human infant saved from certain death by breathing liquid oxygen through its underdeveloped lungs . Then you will discover that your car is a musical instrument . effortless sensation which pushes you along from behind until you're funky like a train . Could it be possible for humans to breathe underwater? A foetus in its mother's womb is certainly alive in an aquatic environment. Tour de France could be set in an all-night gym . Their underwater paradise is hydroterritorialized into a geopolitical subcontinent mapped through cartographic track titles : Positron Island. Dead Man 's Reef. Groove = PolyRhythmengine = Rhythmotor. helpless. The Bermuda Triangle becomes a basstation from which wavejumper commandos and the 'dreaded Drexciya stingray and barracuda battalions ' launch their Aquatic Invasion against the AudioVisual Programmers . not personified but machinified as train and track together. synths tuned into Doppler effects whipping past you on a Berlin platform. Aquatic Invasion. Autobahn's motorway motorik tunes 'our synthesizers to sound like motor horns . a Single-track interstellar railway snaking round satellites with a silver bullet train running smoothly along its funicular orbit. In Tour de France. it close-mikes male exertion until it becomes a new rhythmotor exh a ust fume. On the 75 album Hustle With Speed. 'Trains themselves are musical instruments . siphons off the salsa from Electro . Jagged snare velocities pinch the nerves until you 're locked uptight .06[0821 06[0831 Silver Cycles of the Polyrhythmachine Liquid Dystopia Groove is when overl a pping patterns of rhythm interlock. With beats made from pistons and gears . The Journey Home and Return of Drexciya to ' 97's Uncharted . the submerged worlds populated by Drexciyans. when spaces either side of expectation lure you into airpockets of time .' Soul Sonic Force 's Planet Rock reroutes the serene dynamotion of the Trans Europe Express through America . its sheathed body fucked from behind by ha ndlebars curved like ramhorns. You can listen to Autobahn and then go and drive on the motorway. Molecular Enhancement.militarizes Parliament 's 70S and Hendrix 's 60S Atlantean aquatopias . The Basalt Zone 4. For Kraftwerk. even more inhibiting. Acrid frequencies clench the nerves like tazers . rhythms fashioned from sharp intakes of breath. the celibate cyborg's being ridden by its bike . The JBs' lIt's not the Express] It's the JBs ' Monaurail fictionalizes this feeling of syncromesh . Like DAF.from '92'S Deep Sea Dweller. Bubble Metropolis. 90S Electro becomes even more enthralling. Each Drexciya EP . Neon Falls. Drexciya drains the claps . Vampire Island. These facts combined with reported sightings of Gillmen a nd Swamp Monsters in the coastal swamps of the Southeastern United Sta tes ma ke the sl a ve tra de theory . abraSive tones remove cotton wool from your ears and vigorously scour inside the brainpan. plosive exhalations and astral harpsichord / harp scintillation. Marine Mutation across the Black Atlantic Every Drexciya EP navigates the depths of the Black AtlantiC . We would travel through landscapes at night. in stratusphunk <> funkular automotion. their '97 concept double CD . Such tracks as '93 'S Danger Bay and Positron Island are monsters from the low end which submerge you in liqUid dystopia . cowbells and tomtoms . The Monaurail is the Rhythmotor visualized as the single track along which the train travels. the Drexciyans are revealed to be a marine species descended from 'pregnant America-bound African slaves ' thrown overboard ' by the thousands during labour for being sick and disruptive cargo. The Invisible City. Sea Snake 's scorching deathray sweeps the seacraters with its acoustic searchlight of astringent 303 . This is Kraftwerk at their most homoerotically physical. Is it possible that they could have given birth at sea to babies that never needed air? Recent experiments have shown mice able to breathe liquid oxygen. The Red Hills of Lardossa. to be adapted by a fictionalized rhythm engine which draws you on its own momentum . Lardossans . To get into the Groove is to lock into the polyrhythmotor. With the vocoder id deleted .' Kraftwerk's final bachelormachines are the biomechanical boy-racers of the Tour de France {Francois Kervorkian Remix]. The Unknown Aquazone. Fred Marcellino 's sleeve shows the Monaurail. oscillations wince across the body in wave motion . In the Sleevenotes to The Quest.

amphibians adapted for the ocean's abyssal plains. I'm Drexciyan Cruiser Control X 205. These blocs of solid water are part of the electrofictional arsenal of Antivapor Waves . The border between social reality and science fiction. used to power airborne microwave radar sets during WW2 .' Technology generates the process Sun Ra terms an AlterDestiny . the face of war changed over a weekend. bikes or trains but rather UAOs . changing scale from Marvel Comics 60S supervillain Magneto. abducted and genetically altered whole swathes of citizenry. Clarke explains . to mutate themselves .' webbed mutants of the Black Atlantic . As Mark Sinker argued in '92 .are already in their various ways Alien Nation.06[084] 06[085] startlingly feasible. Please decrease your speed to I point 788 point 4 kilobahn . aquatically mutated descendants. If they had followed up their invention we would now be living in a very different world .what Kraftwerk termed tone films . They have been here all along and they are you.not filled with cars. The magnetron is the heart of the radiowave transmitter . Aquatic Bata Particles and . the sensualizing of militarization . civil society is all just one giant research-and-development wing of the military. to Killah Priest 's ' magnetron which puts your arteries back apart '. I repeat: Proceed with Caution . The military industrial complex has advanced decades ahead of civil society. social fiction and science reality is an optical illusion. The Black Atlantean depths are as lethal as the Red Planet or The Rings of Saturn . Thank you . soundcrafts . Have a nice stay here on Drexciya . Lardossan Cruiser 8-203 X prepares to dock. They fictionalize the psychoacoustic volume of a giant submersible: 'This is Drexcyian Cruise Control Bubble I to Lardossan Cruiser 8 dash 203 X.' Drexciya use electronics to replay the alien abduction of slavery with a fictional outcome : ' Did they migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to the Mississippi River Basin and to the Great Lakes of Michigan? Do they walk among us? Are they more advanced than us?' Sinker 's breakthrough is to bring alien abduction back to earth. As Arthur C. Drexciyan technology solidifies the ocean into hydrocubes . Bubble Control Out . leader of the Evil Mutants. the ocean floor becomes the 5th front in The Forever War. 'When the first experimental magnetron was carried to America . Fictionalizing Frequencies Intensified Magnetrons. 'The ships landed long ago : they already laid waste whole societies. The tones of a hydrothermal turbine engine shift gears . From the Net to arcade simulation games . as Trad media still quaintly insists. the only plan that offers a future for intelligence Chris /!Iarker Drexciya fictionalize frequencies into sound pictures of unreal environments .and so by extension Europe and Asia . If you have any problems let me know. The MEC preprograms predatory virtual futures. the street is now merely the playground in which low-end developments of military technology are unleashed . You are the alien you are looking for. Unknown turbine engine slows down . a bifurcation in time. Africa and America .' In a War without Weapons You're in the Military Entertainment Complex Electro is an E-Z learn induction into the militarization of pop life . Japanese scientists had made and tested an identical device a year before the British. Far from being the generative source for popculture. as Donna Haraway has pointed out . In '93 'S Bubble Metropolis. With the Molecular Enhancement EP. The magnetron migrates across the mediascape. to transfer the trauma from out there to yesternow. to Drexciya's Intensified Magnetron. the enhanced sensorium of locking into the Futurhythmachine. Video games are the first step in a plan for machines to help the human race. Lardossan Cruiser 8 dash 203 X please use extra caution as you pass the aqua construction site on the side of the aquabahn.' Drexciyans are 'water breathing. Lardossan Cruiser 8 dash 203 X you are now cleared for docking. a phylum disconnected from the aliens who adapted to land . becoming a lethal military-entertainment complex.

train doors and cashpoints . breakflow sends a current through the . Control Your Convulsions Standardization. ' Instead of breaking The Song down to a James Brown bridge. They operate synthesizers. the machinic sensory apparatus starts with touch . That's the only style of dance you can see that goes with that kind of music. allow Zapp alters the reflexes . For '75 'S Radioactivity they visited a nuclear powerplant. Electric boogaloo is when the body receives the Zapp and transmits it as a dynamic force . they move along planes of sheer chromoluminance. Gilbert and George remodelled themselves as auto-mannequins . a rubber mantra that squeezed your senses out of shape while seizing them with its sheet-metal clap . convulSions become clocks. drain all the physicality out of them . Sorrow Songs for the Souls of Servomechanisms Norbert Wiener's The Human Use of Human Beings is W. to resequence them . ansa fones. plugging themselves into atomic energy. switching on the assembly line instead of resisting it in the name of the human . adapting the human into the electroid. fossils from the future 's past . enervation . Voice-activated systems separate intention from result . stretching The Song into hypnomonotony. Neutered and bloodless. soft-drink dispensers. to extrude them as the Servomechanisms of the Synth . Machines take over repetitive jobs. Kraftwerk let the machines delibidinize them . More Bounce redesigned funk 's architecture . but really technology is synthesizing them . the spastic toctics of elaborated personal time systems . Kraftwerk exaggerate it . The Kling Klang studio is a delivery room for machine lifeforms. the nexus of posthumanization which used to be called dehumanization. this fleshless rigidity converges with the spineless electroid of Zapp. radiation! Trad rock 's drive comes from repelling such vampiric processes of capital. Troutman 's albums induce an unnerving boneless sensation . irradiating themselves with nuclear power.B. faders and sliders before moving to speech processing. While the human sensorium goes from speech to touch. With Roger Troutman's Zapp. the speak- technology to reprogram them . Zapped! and-spell voices are more childlike than lullabies . mechanization . In Kraftwerk. Kraftwerk 's politeness and sly civility is poignant because ' automatic machines are the precise economic equivalent of slave labour. Learn-to-speak-French records. In crossing the threshold elUCidated by Merce Cunningham . Kraftwerk installed themselves inside the military complex . menschmaschines. By naming themselves 'powerplant' Kraftwerk turn onto the industrial process . The nerves count the current . In the Kraftwerk ecology celibate machines perform auto-reproduction rituals . arcadegames . Instead of denying the automatic.buttons and knobs . The Electro dancer goes into 'a square rollout where he ticks his whole body and goes into the splits . Showroom dummies . Your spine's being filleted and it feels just great. enslave themselves . They don't resist the synthetic . They tapped the powerspots of industrialization through 'the factories that plug into the network' which 'were making the synthesisers' fluctuate in a factory <> synth <> human circuit. they give in to it. But giving in to the machines .' The Sex Organs of the synthesizer In Electro. Shrimp the dancer explains that ' More Bounce to the Ounce helped give birth to [bodyJpoppin '. the electroniC andrOid who turn electric shock into controlled convulSion . automation .06(086) 06(087) Rhythmatic Bachelor Machines: Kraftwerk Tap the Powerspot: It's a Rave New World As with Underground Resistance. this is what 's so compelling here . E. Dancing to Zapp is being hit by electric current that convulses you into spasm . inhibition . Kraftwerk sing the Soul of Service Machines . what came out the other side . how Kraftwerk went into the bionic heart of the machine . die Seele der Servomekanismus. This emphasis on counting electricity means that the Zapp track gets directly on your nerves and muscles. DuBois ' The Souls of Black Folk updated for the Analog Age . robots and models : these are the new generations of sex organs the synthesizers need in order to reproduce themselves : the bachelormachines without their mechanical brides. electroniCS + android = the electroid zapped! by a blast from an unknown Sonotron. The childhood of machines begins with speak-and-spell toys. By totally succumbing to technology. an E-Z roller of Stopmotion Capture . Warhol cloned himself into Warholaroids for interviews .' The double mo ve of cutwave <.

acknowledged by a few . the synthetic bass doesn't drop. For Parliament. voco-concentrate . not arrangements but derangements . ' Liquefy the Menschmaschine Zapp 's '86 Computer Love opens with a bewitching choir . '93 'S J Beez Wit the Remedy. the Zapp bass is Spandex stretchy.Afrika Baby Bam bass and vocals . an eesysquezy squidge of phonoglutamate. 'We are beginning to see . phonoGlutamate Mutiny on the Mothership Larry Graham sent the bass through fuzz until it yawned and slurred like a baby mammoth.' chaos-theorist Manuel De Landa argues. Zapp is the menschmaschine gone gooey. left behind for the drastically unmusical pulsations and bleeps. programming the head until it nods like a dog . you're inside the impact . The synthesizer passes through his vocal tract . that flagrantly mekanikal rhythmanipulation that HipHop thought it banished back in the 80S . pushing robotic irregularity into machine psychedelia. but looping 6 beats . in what Techno producer Kevin Saunderson later terms Essr'ays . The security of the Trad jazzbreak is smashed . On I Play the Talkbox. derails the rhy t hmotor. Instead of rising above their time. instead it bounces off the bottom .' The loop funct ion entrains the body. Remedy returns to the rigid rhythmatics of rhythmsynthesis . Tricky: these are producers who don 't synchronize you into those docile ranks -andfiles known as generations . 'that the really advanced high technology is liquidy and drippy and self organizing and not at all rigid . Roger Troutman's voice is all vowel . So what we 've been doing consistently is intentionally derailing your brain . 4 beats . like a genie granting a robot 's wish . dj Sammy B. HipHop habituates the mind until it runs along the same grooves but the arhythmic loop undermines the stepper. But The jungle Brothers . . a colossal epic salvaged from the wreckage of the unreleased Crazy Wisdom . reviled by Trad HipHop fanatics on both sides of the Atlantic. In fact they shatter you into sensory particles. Torture drums and vocals . with its unresolved dissonance . Manmade Material abandons the lope of 70S Breakbeats altogether. the Roger voice is tubular treble squeezed from a talkbox . Kraftwerk 's vocoder chorale is winsome while Zapp 's vocoder chorale is liquefied . With Zapp. bathed in the full effect of the S Ray gun. Their 3rd album. 'When you pop . I got into this thing where I wanted to be an alien. 'It wasn 't looping one bar. a universe in which a processed sound takes on an animatronic nonhuman profile.' Shrimp elucidates . With Zapp . Where the Bootsy Collins bass is a rhythmelodic ectoplasm . 'Arhythmic.announcing ' ComputerIlIZE '. Zapp turns the human into a symbiounit . You go to another planet. is to the 90S what The Velvet Underground's White Light/ White Heat was to the 60S : the decade 's great lost album . You reserve your nausea for the timeless classic. your bodymap alters and 'you become this thing.' In More Bounce to the Ounce. dysfunktional. Mike G guitar and vocals. wrong-footed . for the anthems that sum up an epoch . George Russell. asymmetrical . glutinous and rubbery. charging reality with the synthetic sensation you crave at all costs . the jungle Brothers . alinea r.' the jungle Brothers declared.06[088] 06[089] joints in a synthetic seizure that's every which way but loose . Derail the Rhythmotor In an era of headnoddin ' 120bpm grooves . travelling at the speed of thought. break consensual history into dust.runs HipHop through a particle accelerator . the soundeffect immediately implies an audio Iifeform .identified by Machine Tones for Psychic Therapy: The Jungle Brothers For a very long time everybody refuses and then almost without a pause almost everybody accepts Gertrude stein Simon Reynolds as android doowop .

The J Beez aren 't the remedy to Gangsta so much as the antibiotic to Gangsta's remedies . spindrift as fuzz. leaves you trapped in someone else's '72 . HipHop has been blasted to bits in an unspecified disaster. the J Beez voice is all oscillation and no backbone. There 's so much intention in these musics that the machines can 't hardly breathe . Satisfyingly portentous organ chords build up imminent expectation over groans pitched down till they sound like Jim Morrison being slowly drowned. Here. the J Beez are the 3rd Stream : dynamical . Preprogrammed loops can iterate into infinity and you'll never get bored .. Arcadegame soundeffects strafe your body in a vicious crossfire. triggering sensations of ascension. In Spittin' Wicked Randomness and the overwhelming For the Headz at Company Z. Destruction brings joy. gremlin and ghost. the listener clings like drowners . Headless obscured by screeds of static. Remedy oscillates between extremes of troopers' exhaustion and intensely infantile glee as HipHop form breaks down over and over in a daze of confUSion. HipHop 's future lies in a gymnastics of syntax . seizing your muscles as they plunge through your waist on their journey to the head. glitches . master the maker. repeated rounds of drummachinegun in the right. Where post-Dr Dre Gangsta rap promotes a lolling indolent delivery. Throughout. For them . the all-too human of HipHop-inspired poetics. That is the remedy. suffusing everything . We must . But these good green roots which nurture healthy HipHop are strangling it. fuzz and static. reorganizing all of texturhythmelody. In Manmade Material. Sustained ' chords of glagolitic organ charge the track with grandiosity. ' No .but the merest hint of real-time spontaneity mortally dr a ins you.. crackle and static persist while a playerpiano cycles through its cards. It's not the inhuman you dread in music so much as the opposite. Immerse Yourself in the Destructiv Element HipHop played by a band always means nice 'n 'easy funk. Remedy is heavy. in these reports from HipHop's end.. megalithic: its density crushes the gravity of The Song. the Rhythmengine of a sampladelic messthetic that fluctuates the funk by freaking with the freek freek . Organdrones are ambushed by a pileup of atonal arpeggios . internal rhymes that reconnect to an oral umb ilical chord stretching from 14th C Gambian griots to the Last Poets to now. The JBs are juiced by catastrophe . momentary coincidences generated by static. perpetual interference. Sampladelic crowd noise melds into spume clouds. Drunken soldiers salute 'the headz at company Z' . there 's an overwhelming sense of wreckage. shuddering detritus from the left. bridge are aCCidents . occluded . wah-wah effects yowl into a perpetual wall of fuzz . crackle and pop of worn vinyl and ansafone hum .' a dangerously unstable voice insists in Manmade Material. it's arhythmic. Irradiated into audioflux . All the low end succumbs to scratches . Blocs of lowend solar sound hit a sustained pitch. Beats are replaced by bumps. the babble and flux frolic like teenagers dancing on the rubble of the Ministry of Sound. like the moment when Christopher Walken quotes Baudelaire to Lili Taylor in Abel Ferrara 's The Addiction. the voice drowns in a storm of distortion that rips syntax to shreds . The Jungle Brothers' lead instruments are feedback . the overhuman . delivery becomes mystifying. In decapitating the MC and opting for an acephalic overload . The HipHop head is right to be hostile . Distressed pilots holler through gasmasks into a patched-up intercom . opts for a verbose verbal acrobatics. disastrous events are transmitting from a damaged receiver. plasma . concrete bursts the banks of sample memory.' insist the Jungle Brothers to a baffled world . on the edge of order and chaos . The sound splits across speakers. sped up and reversed. verse . The MC becomes a host of microphone fiends . chorus . swarming from speaker to speaker. Remedy's incoherence announces a postHipHop world. . the distressed laser failing to read the cd's information. You feel ' the wind of the wings of madness'. Remedy doesn 't propose a new content so much as obliterate the MC altogether : 'You must learn your path . vinyl gouged by an obelisk of a needle. Here live isn't rootsical. Groove in Blahbludify is saturated in static until it collapses into satisfyingly electroacoustic debris . Neither ill nor healthy . perpetually fluctuating between cartoon . Freestyle Fellowship to the Fugees . gusts . your way to swim through this record . Fragments of warnings surface briefly from the information ocean. Remedy therefore isn't headmusic so much as headless music. Sonic rubble falls from the speaker behind your back.06(090) 07(091) concrete The Jungle Brothers draw on HipHop's rediscovery of vinyl concrete: the snap. HipHop poetics from Arrested Development to the Roots. From the ruins . Distorted information emerges . But the 'Now' of live HipHop strands you in a predigital present .

' SYNTHETIC FICTION/ELECTRONIC THOUGHT The paradox I am. Bam Bam's '88 Where 's Your Child. for a HipHop gone illmatic.. The antidote for pervasive depression. I like reading books about John Coltrane. It's like a physicist trying to encounter electronic particles with Newtonian concepts IIIarshall IIIcluhan The Toxic Drives of the Drug<>Tech Interface At the height of Acid's in ner flight comes Sleezy D's '86 I've Lost Control. beaching you on the reefs of the present.06[092] 07[093] yammering from the scree and whine of Spittin' Wicked Randomness. At the peak of the Rave Dream. I 'm really gone. ' HipHop's diktats . I even changed my name to Af Next Man Flip. You come up on tracks which bring you down . Your drug experience is intensified by a mix of antidrug tracks. its machine routes . 4 Hero's '91 Mr Kirk 's Nightmare feeds parental drugpanic back on the dancefloor. Take the E and Take the Risk. Load the Remedy cd into the tray and this conviction collapses and convolutes.to come correct. certain of its present. 'Brainstorms! Brainstorms! Mass explosion in the brainnn . Taking drugs is . >f1ight threshold . Af Next Man Flip identifies with 'scientific people . scary tracks that optimize your fear . its premonitions . I like the universe. Everything goes wrong right away and this only amplifies the rush . > tech interface is toxic straight away. Afrika Baby Bam confounds confusion by multiplying himself into new heteronyms Af Next Man Flip and Lord Paradox : 'I'm gone . Bam Bam.' Remedy takes HipHop forward to its electronic routes. immediately interrupted by squalls of static and mayday signal synths.. confident in its future . Extending my hand into the mental to unlock doorways Organized Konfusion computer Music in the Year Zero Trad HipHop is a belief system sure of its past. It is Computer Music in the Year Zero . to keep it real and not get it twisted . as rapper Nas terms it. Phuture 's '87 Your Only Friend. when he's sitting there studying music theory and he's listening to music from all over the world and trying to reach this higher order. Sonically speaking the drug .a Discotheque a Go-Go. its clairaudience. meaning that I was one of the next men to flip out into the universe. is an immersion in Universal Sound and MythScience.all haemorrhage in the Unreality Principle of J Beez Wit the Remedy. Sleezy D The world of the twentieth-century dance floor is a discontinuum . its rock routes. I've really let myself go. Abduction by Acid [Curfew]: Phuture. not later when the badmen move in. in which a dancer makes his or her own space which does not fit into anybody else's space.

the female model that's losing control induces the sense of automation running down. For jones. dancing your way into a new constriction . The heart's beat is captured and cloned by the time synthesized into impacts. Vision and sound . I' ll take your life' . heteronym and homonym . as car. the electronic update of Roland Kirk's '69 Volunteer Slavery. the womanmachine modified and mutated by the military <> medical <> entertainment complex. In a Voice pitched down into the Vaderized groan of a Designated Despot: 'This is Cocaine speaking.' Instead of emulating rock 's bass . Hence Kraftwerk's The Model. to open up a nomadology of texturhythms. split off. Slip from the morals inculcated into your muscles . The future becomes a phuturistic Pharmatopia.incarnates the assembly line time of generations. Ph makes the phuture sound synthetic and phono-chemical. Ph is the silver prefix . where the bachelormachines are threatened by the womanmachine 's superior reproduction capability. Slip through the spaces between the sequences .as girl. Facing this possible death makes life rush even faster . I can make you do anything for me. Phuture . Ph Is the Silver of Syntax OJ Pierre's heteronym Phuture substitutes the 'f' in future for the 'pH ' of the chemical formula and the ph of phono. Nothing you know about the history of music is any help whatsoever. When Hal starts playing back Daisy. After the pusher sells you to the Drug. forever stratified at the low end. ' Acid's 303 delivers you up to the Kingdom of Cockayne. silicon-based Psychosis In Thrall Phuture 's enthralling Your Only Friend is Acid's sequel to james Brown 's '72 King HerOin. The drug becomes the clock which keeps time in its universe of unending servitude . accelerated into a powder paradise of endless cocaine . unnatural noise.07(094) 07(095) a rite of possible death . Filtering bends < > selects < > suppresses timbres. For the latter losing control meant electric epilepsy. Daisy. its glissements. You become an extension of the machine which generates time. Enthralled by frequencies . Bam Bam et allove this synthetic. voice drained dry by feedback . Phase I : Hal 9000 'S redlight psychosis in 2001 : A Space Odyssey. Daisy. you 're modulated by sensations of aggressive evasiveness and attacking elusiveness . You 're will ingly abducted by Acid into the Despotic regime that never sounded so good before . Every E taker is already dead . For the white Horse of Heroin will ride you to Hell James Brown Acid exaggerates the Roland T303 'S dry slipperiness . You shed your life as easily as a snake shucks its skin . has crossed to the other side of the poison in which toxicity intensifies life. Acid is an accident in which the TB303 bass synthesizer uses Phuture to reproduce itself.incites more dancing. Ph is to sound as silver is to vision . rhythmelodies. The Model is an excerpt from the post-war machine-reproduction wars . relieved by the stabs of bassic synth . The model is the blueprint for the post-Cold War cyborg . Acid trax amplifies this sense of terrifying newness. to mUltiply the dimensions of electronic sound . The Voice of Doom decrees its death command : 'Take a shot from mell ' lI make you fly / Take too much from mell ' lI make you die. Phase 3: Sleezy D's I've Lost Control is the f1ipside of Can You Feel . What is this noise and where's it coming from? Who are these people and why are they smiling at me? Brutally inexpressive woodblocks hammer out an inhuman irregularity. Daisy . obsolescence. not as release but as voluntary slavery. a ritual that affirms life . computer-malfunction turns into machinic breakdown . the word concentrate. producing the aural equivalent of a tracer effect. run away from each other. The model . With Phuture . by transforming the sound of the note. sends you out into the world programmed like a medium at a seance. To dance is to be drawn helplessly into what the track warns against. as synthesizer .vox congealing as it runs down introduces the new sound of analog psychopathology . a wavering sense of panic as the ear fails to resolve this slippage of overtones . the sound of the future separates from the look of the phuture . the human seizing up into a machine rictus . the colour of its tone as it plays . the Drug sets you to work as a mule . Acid 's sternest injunctions .'You have been warned. 3-year lifespans . The Womandroid from the Amazone Phase 2: The womanmachine Grace jones' ' 82 remodel of joy Division 's '79 She 's Lost Control updates the 50S mechanical bride.

Each sensation oscillates into the other in an audio-chemical feedback loop. The 12 is the hardback of music. the compilation never wins awards. bypassing hard-won connoisseurship by flooding the High Streets with anthologies anyone can buy.07(096) 07(097) It?. restlessly lurching from panic inducing trebles to queasy lows. a white label dj promo. From the Streetsounds Electro Volume /-/2 to 10 Records ' Techno : The New Dance Sound of Detroit to Network's Retro Techno to Suburban Base / Moving Shadow's The Joint to Reinforced's The Deepest Shade of Techno to Virgin 's Macro Dub Infection to Om Records ' Deep Concentration . It's the sound of seduction every parent dreads: 'Where's your Acid is the import alien . journalist and everyone else . tech interface synthesized you long ago .are the voluptuous groans and sated sighs emitted by the voice as if it 's stroking itself while recalling intense gratification: 'Nobody likes to be left alone / especially when they don't know right from wrong . child? / Do you know? / Look aroundlNowhere to be found . floods you in waves of reassuring panic until you feel safe and dangerous. the Acid track as audio abduction . And even worse . The history of the Electronic Rhythmachine is measured as much in the crowd of the compilation as by the 12. Bam Bam pitchshifts his voice until it slurs down into a sinister gloat punctuated by vampiric laughs . of drawing out the madness already in you: this is what the Darkside is. build and fall . a test pressing. the sound that snatches you from school. Everything the media warns you against has already been made into tracks that drive the dancefloor. The Old World loses all seriousness when it insists that you don 't have to take E to know it 's bad for you . and Acid 's begins with Bam Bam's '88 Where 's Your Child. releasing it from its dj-only Itd-edn professionalized status . all these have already scared you more than they ever could. . The 12 is an elite product. self and society. The drug <. of cars slowed down into decaying gong and intermittent baby screams . Every word the government speaks deletes itself.' Acid is repetitive attack patterns that perpetually climb. that kidnaps your mind and never gives it back. This sensible ignorance is precisely what invalidates it. Phase 4: It's too late. never to be seen again . It arrives in crowds of mystifying names. the enticing threshold into its ahuman world : 'You 're all my children now. Fear feeds forward into the dance. As a US or Euro import. that most people never get to see . Like paperbacks.the compilation is the movable shop wall that dissolves the 12 'S aura . releasing tracks from their reverential and rarefied aura. labels approaching you within the Rhythmachine swarm that is the compilation . of being kidnapped into your head. frozen in a rigidly protected hierarchy of dj.even more satisfying . slow-motion computer psychosiS . the compilation is an artform for the Sampladelic Era . 303 'S fil ters smear tones into a timbral spectrum of decay. a double pack. You 're synthetic now. dissolving journalistic reverence. it amplifies parent 's drug-panic into a hilariously horrifying feed forward loop: 'Parents . Pitchshifting draws you down into mindslurring. Against this . Acid carves new sensory channels and mutates the ones already being used. never makes it into End-of-Decade Lists . Like 4 Hero's Mr Kirk 's Nightmare. trips. the Itd-edn run of 2000 copies that sells out in 3 days.' A Crowd of Import Aliens Some Gods will mount any horse Ishmael Reed Panic Feedsforward No government can scare you into stopping because E. Like the remix. all traditional authority condemns itself. This sense of being snatched by drugs. Don 't let your kids out at night/ Don't you know they don't know wrong from right? ' Acid here is a psychotic sampladelia of whining motorcars . of vicious glass smash played as a 3-note refrain. All its expertise disqualifies it. rescoring Joy Division's She's Lost Control for the Roland 303 . No more than the remix. It demands and builds a synthetic ear for itself from the old one . a triple pack or a 10. compilations reverse this process . hydroponically grown skunk.' Where's Your Child hits a peak of sweet unease when Bam Bam murmurs 'Curfew Curfew ' like an incitement to unnamed perversions. All black electronic musics have their Darkside. the single is the rare object that everyone wants. terrifyingly blank 12S.

when the head 's no more than a stupid piece of gristle. Its syntharmonic horizon reaches inSid€e you. The Dancefloor at the century's start But Nirvana 's never enough . If Rock's arc hetypal demand is for satisfaction. igniting sensations of unspecified expectation. artifiCial emotions. The audio-toxic energy coursing through the body amplifies itself in a current that snakes through ravers in a bio-circuit . a planet of wetware as you dive. The house acolyte jacks into the House that is hi s/her body. you see. These nonverbal Nirvanas of total tactile telepathy are what A Guy Called Gerald terms 'e motions electric '. Fingers Inc demand thatt you feel feeling. lips pursed .' The skin seizes control of all the sensory channels. When effect breaks free from cause and runs off. tense presents . a collaborator with the frivolous. confusing the borders between.rspace.s IS m House Fingers Inc. rapt gasps. of all channels open. Heard induces a sense of sanctuary. The End of Century dancefloor is a series of paradoxical psychedelias that induce immersive inversions and fleeting reversions. Fingers Inc . that which consorts with the 'machine . rapt ton \es cradling yoU in warm . The Rhythmachine values these peaks above all else. The sensation of dancing comes alive. finger-recognition. to slip inside the machine mnemonic . wrapping itself around your skin. Locking in tight to the beat builds the House frorn the reflexes up· To jack is to join what Walter Hughes calls the 'automatic community of technological communication'. ethics of sound that welds the fan tight to the ml usic The 20th century Discontinuum When you're entactogenic . Acid tweaks while LA burns . The phuture is a series of synt hetic sensations.or~. The Physical Interface of Perception f Rematerialize VR dematerializes you but Machine Music rematerializes you . then explains the neurocircuit of House in which emotion becomes environment: ' Once you enter my House it then becomes our House 8md our House Music'. Can You Feel It is a synthetic sanctuary whose edgele~ ss tones insulate and enwomb . transmitting and receiving sensation-concepts . Can You Feel It is the em pathogen in a state of unconditional elation. i"nminent immanence. Trad HipHop enforces an . Feeling is the result of all the senses converging at once. ' It' here is emotion without an object. skin telepathy. pOintle\s . careless . directionless feeling for its own sake .ask the question for the 20th C djancefloor: Can You Feel It. hovering at the edge of the horizon . E allows you to anticipate the beat . The Trad HipHop fanatic regards everythi ng post-House with an unshakab le suspicion: House in league with the S. when narrative dissolves into sensation . Case jacks from his body into cyb€. E affects the physical interface of perception. Pat Cadigan clicks the cursor on zoom : 'The way to change people 's ideas about reality is to change the way they feel reality .synthesist-producer tarry Heard and vocalist Robert Owens . As an empathogen . I am the Creator and th. Jack AutoCatalyses House through screaming. when the thirst for mutation is strongest. The skin becomes an aerial receiving and transmitting everything. In Neuromancer.' And House Music was b. Jack bawled and declared 'tet there be House. carrying a mora ll weight that sinks the neck until it nods in obeisance to the beat.literally. Losing it is when you give in to toxic drives. where Whitman's \ dhesive body electric' is sequenced at the push of a button into 'the gay bo.07[098] ~----------------------------j 07[099] In the beginning there was Jack and Jack had a Groove. tthen the RhythrTlachine's is for feeling. Feeling it is the sensation of amplification .dy electronic' . triggering memory skin. Fuel for the Icarus trajectory. In '88's Can you Feel It the kinaesthetic of jacking is incarnated as Jack. eyes flickering at the speed of the sun . Your body seethes. supercharged. Sensation is personified by Chicago Preacher Chuck Roberts . I am. dive into the seadepths of your blood . In HipHop the beat is heavy. The skin is the borderguard of yourself. hears things. shiversighs. when you're drowning in peristaltic waves of toxic sensation. intensifying the Present by burning up the future. when sound detaches itself from source and sense. the skin gets tactile hallucinations.ynthetic. tissue and touch. House amplifies all those feelings HipHop manfully denies itself. the moments when each dancer in the crowd becomes a medium transmitting sensory current. Featuring chuck Rob'~rts bass.

as Virilio argues . The tracks Mojo plays switch on the routes in and out of the Techno City. Alexander Robotnik . Detroit Techno inverts these historical US <> UK currents of attraction . Electrifying Mojo Reverse the Current of History by Inverting the History of Attraction In Trad terms .and a dramatic secession from black macho . the ultra whiteness of an automatic . the concentration in time of the Technopolis . because Detroit Techno is always more than happy to give due credit to Kraftwerk as the pioneers of Techno . who opens his Midnight Funk Association show with Cybotron 's Methane Sea and John Williams ' OST Title Theme from Star Wars. 'we have begun to inhabit time . the origin . generating the compelling sense that 'the music is just like Detroit. To Model 500. the latecomer. Wha t 's striking about Cybotron 's Techno City is its chorus : 'Tech . Folk Music for the Industrial Age. Detroit connects through the 2-Hour City of radio . Gary Numan . The Cybotron is the electronic cyborg. For Techno . We are misled by considering any complicated machine as a single thing: in truth it is a city or society Samuel Butler Depeche Mode . Techno announces today's era in which ' Geography is replaced by chronography. Build the Chronotopia Detroit Techno is aerial. happily estranged in the gaps across which electric current jumps . It transmits along routes through space.Am origin to answer these crits : Sun Ra? Herbie Hancock? Kraftwerk 's love of James Brown? All of these are routes through Techno .' As an aerial music that assembles itself through the Detroit airwaves. The 3070 voice is remote. a synthetic Ear.' the age when .' The Electronic Cyborg Kraftwerk are to Techno what Muddy Waters is to the Rolling Stones: the authentic.. an engine you attach to make concepts go faster . you hear what the tropical surrealist Rene Menil terms a 'continual telescoping of 2 cultural languages separated within the same tongue .noh Cit ehh' sung by 3070 aka Rick Davies in the mannered accent of neuromantic synthpop . Manuel Gottsching. British pop bastardizes and mistranslates US music. The suffix of 'tron' in Cybotron and Mantronix. die Seele der Synthesizer. sequenced future . I even had doubts to whether they were actually human. To listen to Cybotron is to hear the Brit voice making Techno 's alienation from America audible . Cybotron 's Techno City is the Sonic Fiction of the Chronotopia . is not a word.' Happy to be the interloper. out of step. Dusseldorf Is the Mississippi Delta Traditionally. . Dusseldorf is the Mississippi Delta . becoming an alien in Brit English . the alien at home in dislocation. the Techno City. The Import Ear Cybo[rgl + [Elec]tron[Jc] = Cybotron .' Techno assembles itself across the studiOS of Detroit from inputs supplied by the dj Electrifying Mojo. ex centred by tradition . hollowed out. the real.07[100] 07[101] . but word-concentrate : it's a partial accelerator. is n o t grounded by the roots of any tree . And Came Down in Techno City: Cybotron. . feeling at home in estrangement . The import accent means singing like an alien in American. above all fey . Techno hears with an import Ear. Model 500. by abducting white nasal whiteness and synthesizing a neuromantic timbre . '[Kraftwerkl sounded straight up like they were living in a computer. Liaisons Dangereuses : all of these are import inputs charging the Cybotron futuropolis . Kraftwerk epitomize the white soul of the synthesizer. the city in time. it's widely assumed that Techno isn 't a ' black American music' because it really started with Kraftwerk. bastardizes it into Planet Rock. Dispersed in space. Kraftwerk happily called their sound Industriell Volk Musik. It sings in a vinyl accent decapitated from English bodies to migrate across the Atlantic.yet none work. Bambaataa steals the synthetic soul from Dusseldorf. like the prefix 'ph ' in Phuture. Techno therefore reverses the traditional 60S narrative in which the Rolling Stones stole the soul and vulgarized the blues of Waters et al. bored with homeliness. Those of Techno's supporters who still insist that Detroit brought the funk to Machine Music will always look for Techno 's Af <. In the Cybotron and M500 voice . a complete mistake.

Secede from the stupidity of intelligence . '84'S Techno City is the intersection of 2 future states . all those who strain to keep it real. Sonic Fiction replaces lyrics with possibility spaces. the idea was that a person could be born and raised in Techno City. the secret life of machines . then the world. like all these possibility spaces. Techno City is where the 30th C megalopolis of Fritz Lang 's Metropolis meets the emerging T-Net of corporate booster Alvin Toffler 's The Third Wave. Overthrow the Internal Empire of your head . Techno disappears itself from the street . Waveforms are fictionalized into offworld settings. For Cybotron's sonic theorist and synthesist 3070 <> Richard Davies. djs and journalists who sneer at escapism for its unreality. the ghetto and the hood . Press the ENTER button on the Roland composer. the inertia of good taste. sectioned and elevated from station to studiO. the worker 's city. I'd watched Fritz Lang's Metropolis . with frequencies fictionalized. the programming of history. to handcuff you to the rotting remnants of tradition . . Frankie C. HipHop updates blaxploitation 's territories. Operating instructions for the escape route from yourself. in Underground Resistance's Red Planet series and their Black Planet Studios. the inherited stupidities of habit. There would be no Morloch . the music arrives from another planet . Rufus Knightwebb 's angular sleeve-art for Suburban Knight's The Art of Stalking. with a plan for getting out of jail free . Sonic Fiction is the first stage of a reentry program which grasps this very clearly. real-world environments that are already alien . Escapism is organized until it seizes the means of perception and multiplies the modes of sensory reality. the informatics of reality. Electronics is imaged in sleeve artwork . but all sorts of diversions . Sonic Fiction strands you in the present with no way of getting back to the 70S. Which is why you should always laugh in the face of those producers. reentry program. With Cybotron's Techno City. Moving through living space. the rigor mortis of cool. We dedicate this album to the people of the Detroit Metroplex. for entering Earth 's orbit and touching down on the landing strip of your senses. These assumptions wish to clip your wings. To survive we must technofy and save the biosphere Cybotron Technofication : the Conceptechnics of Techno To ENTER the Cybotron world it 's necessary to technofy first yourself. Press PATTERN CLEAR for rhythmatic synthesis . its movement from Nation 2 Nation to World 2 World to Galaxy 2 Galaxy. Sonic Fictions are part of modern music's MythSystems. 'Techno City was the electronic village. I thought there should be three sectors. It was divided into different sectors. for its fakeness.which had the privileged sectors in the clouds and the underground worker's city. is Sonic Fiction : electronic fiction . the dead weight of yourself. transmitting from a Detroit in transition from the industrial to the information age . Common sense wants to see you behind the bars it calls Real Life . Sonic Fiction is the manual for your own offworld break-out. synthesized and organized into escape routes . By opting out of this logic of representation. Alan Oldham's Transmat label-excerpts from a post-Modesty Blaise epic . Fulitz's Drexciyan label visions . To technofy is to become aware of the coevolution of machine and human . Drexciya doesn't represent Detroit the way Mobb Deep insist they represent Staten Island . You're born into a rigged prison which the jailors term Real Life. but what he wanted to do was work his way to the cybodrome where artists and intellectuals reside. Futuropolis of the Present The Techno City is a futuropolis of the present. to tie your forked tail to a tree. planned. Cybotron's Techno City. By contrast. in labels like Carl Craig 's Planet E. games. lunar sunsets .07[102) 07[103) Electronic Secession The Possibility Space of Fictional Frequencies Techno secedes from the ruthlessly patrolled hoods of Trad HipHop . the computerization of the world .Abdul Haqq's Third Earth.' Evolutionary Electronics Electrifying Mojo's nightly show is the first stage in Techno 's evolutionary drive into the dance. it represents the street. electronic instruments .

it determines it. I thought man. Drums and Electronics converge on the new possibility space of rhythmatics and syncussion . It was seduced by Manuel Gottsching. builds Sonic Fictions from the electronics of everyday life. I heard my snare sounds and I heard my kickdrum sound on this record. . undreamt. allowing ' thinking and hearing' precedence over 'gymnastics . journalism inverts this unknowingness . colonizes it. Obvious. a push-button percussionist who taps ENTER with the fingertips. white sound isn't alien at all. But the dj doesn ' t know what she wants until she hears it. there's the sense white Noise for Snares that Techno betrayed an unspoken oath . Gunther Frohling 's '78 Man Machine sleeve shows a chorus line of bachelormachines . It was always synthetic. It was like the answer.' The musician becomes an electronic programmer . advances inexorably into the future.by all that Euro synth music and this triggers the unspoken but persistent sense of abandoning African •• American tradition . red shirts and black ties. juan Atkins affirms the machine state which used to be called dehumanization . The Futurist is helpless in the face of fascination . sealed-up mouths . The dj 's role is to intensify estrangement . But having taught Techno producers all they know. bored with and indifferent to familiar Af •• Am sound. unheard. Posed on a metal stairway with red rails. Today you follow it like a sleepwalker. be the gatekeeper. It was like what I was trying to do but couldn't get to. that Kraftwerk are Techno 's precursors. black eyeliner. White journalism always asks the same question: 'How could this whitest of groups exert this powerful influence over Black Music? ' Simultaneously smug and incredulous. I would play around with white noise and pink noise and come up with drum sounds . The Futurist moves carelessly past a polarization which was never there . to transmit the currents of the alien . The record was Man Machine and on a lot of the songs they were using white noise for snares in just the same way that I was. The right arm is held at the hip and all are looking right. Bambaataa is attracted to an alien Euro sound. simple lessons mastered . preprograms it in the image of the present William Gibson Preprogram the Future Detroit Techno organizes a history and preprograms the future direction of the Rhythmachine . The inside sleeve art shows Kraftwerk with dyed black hair. from the aerials up. it tells you. Synthesize Yourself Behind the disappearing of Detroit Techno in the US . This loyalty assumes an umbilical connection to rub . Yesterday this track was unknown . To technofy is to optimize the machinic mutation of music. As Kraftwerk realized.' science fiction doesn't predict the future.' The Cyborg in the Network of Forces In naming himself Model 500 . by Liaisons Dangereuses . all bachelors with no bride . red lipstick on their minuscule . over and over. I heard a Kraftwerk record the first time .into a demand: 'How can you like what you like?' journalism's job is to build the border.but then it was never rooted in it to begin with . the originators must recede into the distance as Techno. The drum-machine is really a synthesizer which plays back sequences of automatic intensities .How can I know what I want? . As juan Atkins declares 'It was so amazing. But at the same time. noise . If you listen to We Are the Robots there are no cymbals . pitch . its routes-rockers. Model 500 makes up 'drum sounds on the Korg MSlo synthesizer.07[104] 07[105] To technofy is to evolve a mindstate which grasps the migration paths of machinic processes. 'How could Grandmaster Flash and Bambaataa like Kraftwerk?. Bambaataa wants to artificialize himself. It just froze me in my tracks . man the crossing. Practising is no longer necessary. Nothing that attracts is alien . Crits would still ask. this is the future and this is where I'm trying to go. White-framed slitshades scanning the track. But the thing was that it was more precise . It was the future for me. Detroit Techno breaks exhilaratingly with rub . sound machinery deskills and dephysicalizes music. you know? Then I heard the gated noise snare and the gated noise kick with no cymbals. the fashion of a Parliafunkadelicment outpost left on an offworld colony to develop its own silicon-based MythSystems.

our processes. willingly absorbed into McLuhan's 'medium which processes its users. Rather it's a heteronym.Model 500. Today. Multi-egos are more real still because they designate your parallel states . Nu Era .' Metroplex = Metropolitan Complex Like Underground Resistance as X-102. Aladdin Sane . one in a series of parallel names which distributes and disperses you into the public secrecy of open anonymity. the Bowie heteronyms . Rutomanikk To technofy is to turn the automatic sequence into what A Guy Called Gerald terms an automanikk track . The gated-noise kick of the Roland 808 and 303 machines. Techno triggers a delibidinal economics of strict pulses. Its angular attack velocities are the opposite of any snake-hipped 70S groove. Machines R US. their signature hardstrike. identify with toys and dolls. to borrow the words of Norman Mailer. representing or staying black. everything. 'takes the immediate experiences of any man. They use computers and robots to build the cars . Diagonals corner you . the Futurist becomes an energy generator. Far from being mechanically predictable . who are its content .were serial. the Futurist producer is always greater than one.amplifies the assembly-line lanes of the 80S metropolitan complex . Galaxy 2 Galaxy.with Techno you dance your way into your constriction. The Rhythmachine actively sets out to manufacture as many personalities as possible . Audiotech and Infiniti. Cyborging. not specifically but abstract so that he is seen as a vector in a network of forces. causes language to onomatopoeize the 'c ' into 'kk' . This in turn creates new expectations in the listener and the producers begin to call this feeling . The producer is now the modular input. gated signals . The metroplex is the futuropolis in the Third Wave of the Techno Era . Audiotech . Internal Affairs . magnifies the dynamic of his movements . Thin White Duke .' This crowd of cyborgs . Channel One Frequency.' Tapping into the energy flow of the machine . Children.Metroplex . X-Ray. Defrictional Techno defrictionalizes the funk. Tom G Jerry. Alteregos are more real because you choose them . Frequency .all tune into the chunk-a-chunk-a rhythms of the Ford robot. Ordinary names are unreal because you didn 't . like Kool Keith as Funk Igniter Plus. in Basquiat's sampladelic Pegasus machine. Instead of disciplining others through the despotic standard of keeping it real . draws on the electronic energy of. part of an ongoing connection machine. Cyborging turns the human into Samuel Butler's machinate mammal . X-Ray. Channel One. become an energy generator. The producer disappears into each alterego but the machinate name is not a pseudonym. an element in Goldie 's cuboidrome piece. Building a car becomes the Dance of the Industrial Robotniks. subjecting themselves to and projecting onto the Inanimate: every 12-year-old knows that I is an other and another and another. a fake name. every alterego an advertisement for myselves . M500: 'Berry Gordy built the Motown sound on the same principles as the conveyor belt system of Ford . . instinctual animists . staying true to the game. simultaneously Model 500 'S record label . Dr Octagon . a channel . an aspect of our embodiment . Rhythmatic Consciousness To technofy means to synthesize music from the same robotic rhythms that took Detroit's humans out of the loop.' Heteronyms diverging selves that never converge into knowledge of self. always multiplying into omni-duos . The psyborg plugs into machinic processes.' Motown amplified the soundscape of the 60S motor town metropolis: 'Today the plants don 't work that way. In the 70S . Donna Haraway : 'The machine is us . Rhythm X.Major Tom. a many-name.. I is a crowd: the producer exists simultaneously. Juan Atkins multiplies himself into machine names : M500. like 4 Hero as Tek 9. 'I'm probably more interested in Ford 's robots than Berry Gordy 's music . To unify the self is to amputate the self. With Techno the machine goes mental. Alien MUSic proliferates mindstates which never amount to one mind . Now heteronyms come in parallel. Where Parliament urged you to dance your way out of your constriction. creating a new kind of tension that doesn 't resolve in expected places.' To cyborg yourself you name yourself after a piece of technical equipment . The Martian. It becomes a component of the unbuilt future world machines.07(106) 07(107) The name Model 500 announces the producer as the next model. the synthesizer of the future . a medium for transmitting emotions electric . World 2 World. the automatic becomes manic .

which May then exaggerates by jumping between octaves of the expanded chord spectrum so that the sound shockcuts as treacherously as springloaded stalactites . a maze of limbic dissonance that blocks and baffles.07[108] 07[109] abstract . the impact of palm on skin. They hover over the powerplant. a cosmic indifference exemplified by the title and arrangement of '8is It Is What It Is. Its texturhythms provoke an inextricable intricacy . an aural algebra that confounds counting. When sequences bounce and clock cycles nudge .' Your Brain Is Caught up in the Net By running 2 Rhythmachines at once. Techno 's uptightness. Gating cuts off the attack of the envelope so that Roland 808 and 909 beats are all abruptness : from 0 to I like a trap shutting . time touches time in a machinekiss. Unlocatable intermediate tones emerge .' he explains. Handclaps . sequencing complexifies into an allatonceness. compelling an all-over omniattentiveness. This callousness is anempathetic in Michel Chion's sense . The Song is replaced by nonsequential sequences of rhythmatic electricity. its everywhichway-but-Iooseness is not so much maladroit as malandroid . threatens and entreats. More than angular. a bombed-out relic of relics . The M500 accent doesn 't emote: instead it [rJemotes. very callous. By sampling a chord and playing it back as a single note. 'My string sounds are very cold. takes on.' The sequencer is tied to a single clock. it's cubular: Techno transmits sensations of cuboid and tubular sound. Cubular UFOs. 'My concept has always been to get the feel from all drum-machines simultaneously. No UFOs blocks and bounces your body in a maze of interlocking inhibitions. ' I was into UFOs landing and taking off. The mouth is a hole through which the soul drains away.ode1500 The Mouth Is a Hole for the Soul The M500 voice hollows the soul into an affectless. mandroids and womandroids. and spaceships. programmed with separate parts . 'When the synthesizer came along it was perfect for me because it allowed me to make sounds that were impossible . The spheres have long since collapsed into a sublime spacewreck . Ufonic Sung with the drained fanaticism of an abductee. No UFOs has the ominous imminence of whiteness synthesized out of Bauhaus. The synthesizer allowed me to create . because ' it doesn't care and for this very reason. the original chord expands into a keyboard.' May explains. Model 500 'S '85 No UFOs {Original Vocal Mix} drags you into the ufonic experience. They sat in a circle waiting for the cybotrons to come down. recedes into earshot . Woodblocks with the wood deleted and replaced with the anempathy of metal on metal. Depeche Mode and Gary Numan: 'Tell me if it's alright / You said I should not fear / things you haven 't seen before/ are coming very near. but running 3 rhythm patterns and 2 bass sequences at once yields a bewitching mosaic of overlapping rhythmelodies.' Eddie "Flashin" Fowlkes recalls 'a story about Juan and the other Cybotron guys going to a building and some guy drawing a circle around them. that tugs at you everywhichway.' In Kao-tic Harmony. these glacial tones turn aquamarine. when the rims of texturythm meet the edge of rhythmelodies. The result is a sense of solemn exaltation . oracular portents from the end of a tunnel. With Rhythim is Rhythim's '92 Ikon and Kao-tic Harmony (Relic of Relics). the sound of what it would be like if a UFO landed in the front yard. in my bedroom. the weight of a human destiny which it sums up and disdains. amplified into the inexpressive aspiration of machines with asthma .' For Juan Atkins. . are replaced by white noise gated into mekanik matchstrikes . electronics sWitches on an unreality principle. in a massive transference . 'I try to connect all the feels so that they accent and bounce off of each other. sets off a cognitive dissonance throughout the large brain of the body. traumatized void . Rhythim is Rhythim's syntharmonic orchestration move you through an impalpable portent. are heard underwater . just over there FoJC ".' I wanted to land a UFO on the track ". an algebra of untitled emotions. they're drawn to electric power.ulder Techno is angular funk for androids.

tomorrow 's Sonic Fiction begins with The Bomb Squad's post-'88 tracktitles : War at 33. Carl Ryder .6FM. In With The Bomb Squad . a furtive pervert obscured by synths . The . Destroit. the plash of tyres through rain. stutters until she turns into a flock of fleeing consonants . In K. lowering temperature until you want to shelter from your body's altered conduction. You put a distance between you and yourself. shatters the voice into a host of polyvowels . For you . Deadliness lies in invisibility. The batteries of the hunterstalker are running low. drained and indifferent.' No Astro . the echo of barrels rolling down a wet sidestreet in the cold light of night. Backroom status is replaced by the expertise of sound deSigners .' Suburban Knight 's The Art of Stalking [Stalker Mix] and Reece 's Just Another Chance develop this drive through the Darkside . the Alien tetralogy. the M500 synth generates basstabs which stress out the reflexes with their irregular regularity. Ghost in the Shell. sapping your step . Melody is replaced by bass synths that stab.' The nightdriver feels like 'a snake. Terminator X Speaks with his Hands. Model 500 prowls the telephonumbilical connection .the engineer. The chorus of reversed sighs and pink noise refracts into the japanese word ' Hai '. The Engineer Crosses the Glass Model 500 'S '85 Night Drive [thru Babylon] launches the Darkside of Detroit Techno wherein bachelormachines stalk the night. It's a duet for predator and prey in which the Nastassia Kinski-ized voice . Chuck D's value isn't as an ambassador but as an imagineer whose titles constitute Condensed Fiction: capsule epics of the Electronic Age. Things you haven't seen before are coming very near HodelSOO [R}emote Inside the Sanctuary of Shockwave: The Bomb Squad We Are the Diagonal Snatched into the fx zone. not forming a group but 'a technical assault squadron' all the more lethal for its anonymity. insidious Sprechgesang prowls the metroplex .3.Hank Shocklee. Baleful bass miasma turns the air waxy. Alexi Shelby's All for Lee'Sah. with the tension-inducing texturhythms of a tennis ball being bounced but never served .07[110] 07[111] Instead of being propelled forward by The jB's funk monaurail. sliding down the side of a glass square. The space link is broken. stalks you with its lightbreath: 'I'm driving through black on black in black. Keith Shocklee . dragging you through a quagmire . The voice slips past hearing as it sleeps like a dog. the sensation of being attacked by cold angles. Techno's anempathetic tones empties all the heat from emotion .' In the films Predator 2 . a subliminal shadow that creeps along the skin. Suburban Knight synthesises a stealthscape of sliding pizzicato through which the hypothermic predator lunges and darts. As Hank Shocklee says . rearing up on their hindquarters . Synth as malignant as Sarin gas seeps through the cybodrome. Putting the soul on ice disequilibrates your thermostatic balance. William Gibson's Virtual Light and Bruce Sterling's Schizmatrix . generating hallucinations of the skin. the rhythms frustrate all groove . the artifiCial thought of the audioevent. In No UFOs. crouches and techsteps. Terminator X to the Edge of Panic. Entropy powers the Grid in Techno City. The ufo experience bursts acoustics apart in a fearful uphoria . his volumeless whisper slurs and shudders. Reece's audition of a nightime world. You have to grab every little piece and put it in the right place like in a puzzle. Eric 'Vietnam' Sadler. impeding you . cloaking its consonants. in this retreat from the light into a public secrecy and private publicity. The engineer is the lethal conceptechnician . Atkins is disconnected from space by his conviction that there are UFOs: 'They say there is no hope / They say No UFO / Why is your head held high / Maybe you ' ll see them fly y yy yyy y ying iiingg innng. Constricting Zapp 's Spandex bass into an ounce of its bounce. > Black coaxial cables . ' It 's like somebody throwing rice at you . InCident at 66 . PubliC Enemy draw fire with the visible target of their logo . the producer and the programmer become a group in their own right. Final Count of the ColliSion between Us and the Damned. Drive through the Darkside Today's science fiction starts with jack Womack's Elvisseyand Pat Cadigan's Synners. it's always the engineers who are ready to turn the alien into killer app . the voice enters what post-rock group Saba Ion Glitz term the ufonic state .

' In their dub mixes . the listener goes travelling. 'At the eve of the year 2000. The Rhythmengine pushes you along with skratchadelic skids slipping and sliding either side of the downbeat . the air trembles in a split-second pause. incipient action . By whispering the chorus to '88's Louder than a Bomb. designed and posthuman existence of African-Americans . off the East Coast of Saigon : 'Slaveships. It is a military communique. The Apocalypse is Now. turning the righteous into niggatrons. There's a detonating calm just before the riot kicks off with the swaggering fuzz of boaconstrictor funk flown in from Mandrill's Two Sisters of Mercy. The Bomb Squad dunks you in zero time until you feel the apocalypse that's 'already been in effect' .' The trailertone slows down into Vaderized pitch . In the second before strafing. dissolve into a smothered sky. With the sleeve art for '89 'S Welcome to the Terrordome. Distress tones stretch into downerdrones that drive through your head . fuelled. '92 'S Arizona Assassination Attempt Acca Double Dub: pre-stampede wails are sustained into a panic wave which wells up through the crowd 's head and writhes down its tail. as a transport system . '88 's Fin al Count of the ColliSion between Us and the Damned lasts . a restricted frequency that intensifies emotional output . It seems inconceivable until you reflect that for 200 years ships sailed carrying cargos of slaves . The 12 is fictionalized as a sonic device. planted and detonated by The Bomb Squad. of the manufactured . brink. fostered through comics and sci fi. ' Can't Truss It's intro is an instrumental in itself. the organ vibrato wells up.Karel Capek's '21 Czech neologism for a mechanized worker . fastforwarding the Middle Passage into 'Nam until both arrive from the future . ' launched. climbs the desolate rubble of headphone consciousness . There 's a heightened awareness in HipHop. 'It started in slaveships. A Detonating Calm Close-miking expands the field of hearing. cradling you in buoyant harmonics . as a fractional subject. a press briefing momentously inton ing: 'There is something living in the consciousness of the people today. Beats crack like forlorn fireworks. as 3/ 5 of the human .the slave was actually manufactured to fulfill a function: as a servomechanism. engineering becomes imagineering. From the future of racial war. PreSident David Duke of the United World States of Europe-America. diced and genetically designed by whiteface fanatics and cannibal Christians into American slaves. a bomb . cusp : these imminent states are sustained into prolonged thresholds . Norbert Wiener clicks on escape: 'The automatic machine is the precise economical equivalent of slave labour . Leroi Jones adjusts the macros cope setting: ' Not only physical and environmental aliens. as furniture . Contract on the Love World Jam is The Bomb Squad at their most voluptuously world-historical. a mission-control sample counts up towards zero from minus 20 . Like the robot . 1725. posthumans owing nothing to the human species . There are more records of slaveships than one would dream . heard and unseen.' PE 's Whole Lotta Love intro is PhonoFiction at the 23rd hour of 'December 31st 1999 '. a lecture . Choruses are assembled from crowd panic . Helicopters hover into earshot . The sampler's loop function iterates the break into the brink. Screams emerge then fall back into a swarm of sobs. In '92'S By the Time I Get to Arizona. freezing at minus point 666 recurring . adopting tactics of stealth adapted by Underground Resistance . revving up an anticipation sustained by cradling guitar harmonics .' Slaves are aliens . stretched edges. Perception blows up and in the ruins. a roar becomes a hush that delivers you to sanctuary inside this Bomb Squad shockwave . 3/ 5 of their standardized norm.' Inhumans . Throughout. has launched a final assault on peoples of African descent .07[112) 07[113) Bomb Squad are acousmatic. African aliens are snatched by African slavetraders . The race that controls the living past controls the living future. Wrap Me in Catastrophe The synthesizer reverb and ocean spume in '91 'S Can 't Truss It [Almighty Raw /25th Street Bootleg Mix] wrap you in the arms of catastrophe . ' Voluptuous Vigilance Verge. The Bomb Squad at their most supersonically fictional . delivered to be sliced . their Westworld ROM . The Bomb Squad invent a sampladelic electronics at the heart of HipHop that turns up the volume of the world. A thunderthroated voiceover murmurs intimately. but products of a completely alien philosophical system . Hence the endless arguments in the 18th C about the ability of slaves to read or write. the equivalent to 20th C arguments concerning the potential existence of artificial intelligence . motile with anticipation.

I wanted [the word] schizophonia to convey the same sense of aberration and drama. 'functions of eyesight and weaponry melt into each other.3 recurring. In '88's Terminator X Speaks with his Hands.' The transformer pole of the mixer becomes an effect for the turntable as a sound machine . Bowie's alien in the film The Man Who Fell to Earth. Midrange frequencies wind you up tight into the tense present . 'came from a James Brown grunt. 'That noise. an overkill device that sends satisfying shockwaves through the sensorium. and between syntactic and sonic organization. Newton uses his remote-control volume-mixer to wreck the picture with bursts of static.' The optical diagram of assassination becomes a paranoiac critical device. in which drum-machines ricochet like an automatic repeat rifle over ice-cold Rhythim is Rhythim-style strings and ominous drones. Therefore the piercing blare of Rebel Without a Pause is an 'alarm for the world' . scratching tv like vinyl.48 seconds. And then we took that tone and we stretched it. Terminator X delays the scratch into staggered screeches . The Bomb Squad operate in the countdown to imminent apocalypse and impending riot . trapping you in despotic time. by maintaining an ambient pressure more felt than heard . tv addiction and historical miseducation . Countdown to Armageddon: the Bomb Squad sound races against c1ocktime . Operational Signals With the instrumental.' Welcome to the Terrordome is a sonic weapon.07[114] 07[115] 0. seizing your synapses with its photons . blocs of unidentifiable static matter. a neverending idyll of the id . Turntabilized tones phase into slo-mo texturhythms. waged with 'knowledge of self' . the info-explosions on his 15 tv screens. Sleep is abhorred. Decelerated attack velocities set up a death knell for lachrymose wah-wah guitar from The Meters' Just Kissed My Baby. sets the senses seesawing . the dj's hand evolves into a distributed brain . of false consciousness. Final Count is an epic of prolonged abruptness. an optogram which intercepts sight. Incident at 66 . immersed in an environment of endless emergency where ' the overkill of hifi gadgetry creates a synthetic soundscape in which machine made substitutes are providing the operative signals directing modern life . Put the sound only in the right speaker and turn it so you can't barely even hear it . a calibrated halo in which. Postwar schizophonia . Timebomb.' You're blitzed out.it 's just like a nOise in the side' that never lets up . The title gratifies desire for annihilation . The audiovision image-current reverses direction and starts attacking you in all its phosphorescent ferocity. . the turntable comes into its own as a tone generator. Gangsta lives in the chronic time of Dr Ore 's G Funk Era. teasing it into both preparation and postponement . TX Reanimator Plays the Tone Generator The Bomb Squad is R. Bringing the noise blows up the mind. Systematic schizophony Drones recur indefinitely at 33. Rightstarter: all these titles intensify Schafer's nightmare of hifi gone overkill . The drastic dynamic between title and music. Louder than a Bomb. says Virilio.' Megablast. It was a blend of The Grunt and a Miles Davis trumpet which produced a sound that wavered . the gunsight logo has become a gunlight. defending and surrendering to the audiovisual attack. Studio phone-ins You 're like Newton.' Chuck 0 says.6 FM is a radiophonic duet between talkshow and static.is orchestrated into the information explosion : 'Related to schizophrenia. Mind Terrorist and Show 'em Whatcha Got cage you up in unlocatable synth-guitar loops. Life during everyday wartime . Producer Eric 'Vietnam' Sadler explained the insistent static and hiss throughout the Bomb Squad's '88-'92 concept-album cycle: 'Turn it all the way up so it 's totally distorted and pan it over to the right side so you really can't even hear it . a terrorwrist with its own memory. the elegiac horns of a final salute . radiowaves stretched into sustained glitch. the obstinate indolence of the gangsta paradise. the aim is to wake up its audience from the post-Black Power sleep. Murray Schafer's nightmare made audible . '88's concept album It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back released Bomb Squad electronic tonalities throughout the communications landscape.this proliferation of noise since the separation of sound from source . 'The drone on Terminator X is a backwards firetruck . Alarm for the World interrupted by between station frequencies. Paranoiac Critical Device On Public Enemy sleeves.

and from Trad HipHop's compulsory logic of representation and will to realness. the roots are withered and the ground is poisoned. Technology is not neutral. more a signal broadcast from a military bunker. to assume your voice. it 's widely assumed that MTV is the motor of music. and to sclerotic assumptions about Black Music in the US . it's the opposite . The Cyberactiv WarMachine In today's satellite linked era. 'a project devised by spin doctors UR and The ViSion to cold fuse human DNA and cell structures with cybernetic and sonic circuitry . it's been disappeared . of UR. UR identifies not with the low end but the high end of technology. to be its foundation and its apotheosis . UR isn 't human.' Acoustic and stage presence vanishes into invisible signals sent . It is not neutral. Yesterday'S military fact is tomorrow's science fiction . like oxygen. the communique from C31: Command Control Communications Intelligence . Mike Banks and Jeff Mills of Underground Resistance are videocaptured in the blue light of the video lens. it moves further into the dark. the press briefing. of Drexciya . Cloaked in shadows. the street which is widely assumed to be the engine of black popculture. Except that instead of pleading for inclusion and integration . The pavement is cracked. Techno emigrates from America. In vanishing from the street. In the UK and Europe . UR technofies by returning the Futurhythmachine to its deadliest origin : the military armamentarium .07[116] 07[117] The Final Transmission from The Forever War: Underground Resistance Secede from the Street Final transmission: I found it. They move into the Military Industrial Complex because the MIC precedes and predetermines the street. UR's Sonic Fiction emerges from the Future at its most lethal. UR realienates Techno. to tell your story . the data readout . of M500. There is existence other than us. the locations that kill off all soul. UR adapt The Bomb Squad 's strategies of stealth into a conceptechnics of electronic invisibility. of Red Planet. It's the dumping ground. Reality accelerates past fiction . Techno is the tradition. or the Graeco-Roman alphabet . its origin and its limit. so contra-media . a union of sound. Far from the navsats. Techno is a sonar system inexplicable to consensual histories. UR becomes a WarMachine advancing decades ahead of American music . proves that MTV's role is drastically overrated. into what former UR producer Robert Hood terms the Internal Empire . By installing themselves inside the military . Masked and hooded. PE are crouched around the decks warding off yet basking in its sonic rays . man and machine . I have transformed. The tones are the keys to it all! I'll be back "'ad "'ike Underground Resistance 's '92 debut album sleeve Revolution for Change cover adapts Public Enemy 's '87 debut Yo! Bum Rush the Show for the Techno Age. that it slips from the scanning systems altogether. Studio presence is replaced by the broadcast. the sleeve shows them in thrall to the decks . guaranteed 100% pure . As part of the civil sector. But the very existence of Carl Craig. proper Techno for True People. Shot from the turntable's point of hearing. UR break with the street because the street is at the mercy of the military. the ones that threaten all creativity. imbuing Techno with an enthralling electricity. the soil is polluted. it's a black continent viri'io and Lotringer Disappeared by Consensus Simultaneously. Like an Argentinean refusenik. This toxic waste and this acid rain generate conditions in which mutant Rhythmachines thrive. that all sonic history travels through audiovisual transport systems. UR abandons street knowledge altogether. It 's a ubiquitous technology that colonizes Europeans . Detroit Techno is so absent from American popculture. But in the US . the street is at the receiving end of technology. exposing it to these radioactive conditions. Techno secedes from the street. Underground Resistance is neither low-tech nor resistant. It thrives in the zones that art traditionally reSist. Techno secedes from the logic of empowerment which underpins the entire American mediascape: from all those directives to become visible . Cold Fusion There is no MC and no singer in UR.

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through coaxial cables , audio feeds, a nest of microphones. Mike Banks, Jeff Mills and Robert Hood evacuate human presence, replacing it with the transport systems the voice travels along to reach you. UR is a series of signals distributed across thresholds of the mixing console , the station transmitter. Raze the Soul to the Ground The British mythology of Trad Techno insists that the vampiric Belgians and Germans drained Techno 's soul dry. In fact, it 's UR that systematically industrializes Techno, into 'hard music from a hard city' . The sleeve art for '91 'S X-IOI EP is artwork for an updated Atrocity Exhibition . Grey videogrids of babies, images exposed to x-raylight , caught in brutal newsprint black-and-white . The middle baby holds skeletal hands to its eyes so they bug out of its brachycephalic head . The final image breaks up into static, images of an ear magnified , an embryo invaded by patches and blocs of light . As funk terminators and soulrazers , X-IOI and '92'S Revolution for Change rigidify Techno until it becomes sonic brutalism, the cyberactive WarMachine . Techno becomes an immersion in insurrection , music to riot with . Exacerbating the terrorizing impact of Belgian synthesizer frequencies inflicts an insurrectionary voltage . Techno becomes punishing, a barbed-wire warzone of voltage endured and inflicted. X-IOI tracks like Rave New World and Mindpower are like being sprayed full in the face with CS gas . Mindpower uses Second Phase 's '92 track Mentasm {Joey Beltram Remix] to scour the brainpan with an astringency that 's more spasm than orgasm . With Mentasm Beltram suggests that 'you just want to bang your head against the wall. Just like you want to with War Pigs or Paranoid. I like the feeling of a good Sabbath record. I like the mood it puts me in. I'm a big metalhead.' The Mentasm sound is Acid twisted into Electro shockwave frequencies , live current phasing directly through your body; is a synaptic seizure . Unknown Assault System For these tracks UR names itself X-IOI , an unknown audio assault system . X-IOI is not an alterego but an altermachine , which connects the X prefix of the fighterplane with the 101 suffix of the synth series . Robert Hood becomes The Vision , the anguished android from Marvel Comics Avengers . The Punisher EP, named after Marvel's conscientious vigilante, adapts its logo from his insignia of a skull with weapon-belt teeth . The

Death Star EP installs itself in the heart of the Darkside of The Empire Strikes Back.

Sonotronic Stealth UR's titles plug into the energy flash emitted by public enmity . Launched in black labels with no information, the EPs emerge without warning, a sonotronic stealth arsenal. In '85 Cybotron survey the streets of the Techno City from above its skyscrapers. UR are molochs sinking cables beneath its streets, engineering internal exile , endless cunning . The UR credo announces : ' No hope , no fear: my only hope is underground .' Planetary Capability Techno seizes a planetary capability diametrically opposed to Trad HipHop 's timid territoriality. Militarization puts them decades in advance of street-fixated musics. While Trad HipHop locks itself into a logic of representation and Trad rock shrinks into supplication, UR is an audio WarMachine transmitting back to Earth from the galactic, the Martian , the aquatic and the digital front. operating System for Overriding the Present Each UR release arrives from the future which you're heading towards , becoming an operating system that overrides the present. Jon Hassell : ' It will become convenient to redraw the map according to who wants to live in which era. We could have wars between the 15th Century and the 21St Century.' The Covert Dimension From arcadegames to the Net to simulation games , civil society is the low end research-and-development unit of the military . Techno ha s th e nomad's edge over HipHop 's hypervisible trooper forever crucified in the cross hairs of the gunsight. It operates in the covert dimension that UR allies Scan 7 term the ' undetectible '. Invisibility draws you into Suburban Knight's '94 Mind of a Panther. Now 'you can hear him , but you can 't see him . You don ' t know where he is . He 's deadly. You don 't know where he's going to come from.'

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Techno is like AIDS. It's self learning. It's highly intelligent
",ike Banles

shows an Atomic Africa radiating a red field of dark energy. The UR logo is Islamatomic: it combines a pyramid with an atomic power symbol at its glowing apex and an Islamic crescent to its left. Sonic Fiction Is a Subjectivity Engine In UR . a constantly proliferating series of sonic scenarios take the place of lyrics . Sonic Fictions , PhonoFictions generate a landscape extending out into possibility space . These give the overwhelming impression that the record is an object from the world it releases . This interface between Sonic Fiction and track, between concept and music, isn 't one of fiction vs reality or truth vs falsity. Sonic Fiction is the packaging which works by sensation transference from outside to inside . The front sleeve. the back sleeve, the gatefold, the inside of the gatefold , the record sleeve itself. the label, the cd cover, Sleeve notes , the cd itself; all these are surfaces for concepts , texture-platforms for PhonoFictions . Concept feeds back into sensation , acting as a subjectivity engine , a machine of subjectivity that peoples the world with audio hallucinations . Parliament populates the world with cartoon universes; Sun Ra seeds the world with composition planets . Scientist reprograms the positioning of satellites , setting all chronosystems to warptime . Sonic Object Shape UR's label communiques and runout-groove messages generate the music as episodes from an ongoing battle, a Forever War against the programmers . In concept like Parliament but audiovisually their antithesis, UR aims for 'the deprogramming of the programmed mind' . Each UR 12 is a UAO from their soundworld , a sonic weapon, a soundcraft that's fallen out of their world into yours . By linking release-production dates to assault-launch dates you feel as if you're a target . The record takes the sonic object shape of the weapon used in the launch . Each 12 is the latest instalment in an age-old battle with the programmers . Once you 've bought it, you 've Willingly inducted yourself into The Forever War.

undetectible Tonal communication doesn't delete psychic sensations of revolution and secession, it derealizes them. Mike Banks : 'There are definite messages there through tonal communication and you can't assess them, that's why Techno is deadlier than rap.' By depropriating the listener from syntax, Techno broadcasts from the far side of sense . It moves into alogical possibility spaces: the covert operations of drumcodes, the synthesis of unknown sensations , the modulation of frequent emotions. 'We ' re silent and deadly and that's the best way. With rap you have to vocally communicate your point but with Techno you don't.' Techno is covert, undetectible to anyone not locked into the music's conceptechnics . But the Techno fanatic doesn't crack the electronic codes . Instead, s/ he enjoys being baffled, craves the onset of confuSion through depropriation. Instead of clarifying this mystification, they pass it on. Listen to this: You are participating in a mystery. Play the track. Transmit the tones . Become imperceptible . Midnight Sunshine cloaks the planet . Electronic mutation functions this way, through this process which McLuhan terms 'participation mystique '. Techno becomes ' a sort of barricade behind which [the enemy) becomes invisible .' Jean Baudrillard clicks on shift : ' He also becomes "stealthy" and his capacity for resistance becomes indeterminable .' Undetectibility is power. It allows the Techno producer to become what The Vision <. Robert Hood terms the Spectral Nomad , who stalks the covert dimension , who vanishes into your sleep . Vanish in Your Sleep Far from pleading to pass through the passport controls of Billboard, Techno grasps the chance to recede from the visible. To listen to Underground Resistance is to have your vision deleted , plunging you into midnight sunshine . Nothing to see , so much to feel. Nightvision awakens new senses . Where Welcome to the Terrordome becomes an audiobomb, Suburban Knight's '94 Dark Energy double EP becomes a sonic strike . The label communique announces ' 6 dark energy waves ' that 'engulf the earth in ul t raviolet midnight sunshine .' Visualist Frankie C. Fulitz 's labelscape

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U R the Flight Path The launch and journey of the Cyberwolf EP is the route of the UR 12 through you and onwards. The EP title catalyses a UAO , a virtual hunterseeker missile . Buying the UR 12 inducts you into a line of flight , from Detroit to the record shop to yourself to a mixtape and on . The Vinyl Manifesto Sound and Sonic Fiction feedforward into each other, opening up new possibility spaces like the Planetary Manifesto of ' 92 'S World Power Alliance , inscribed on the un mastered B side of The Kamikaze EP as WPA backing plate NI : 'The World Power Alliance was formed somewhere in Detroit, Michigan , USA on May 22 , 1992 at 4.28pm by various elements of the Worlds Underground Legions. The Alliance is dedicated to the advancement of the human race by sonic experimentation. 'The World Power Alliance was designed to bring the World's minds together to combat the mediocre audio and visual programming being fed to the inhabitants of Earth, this programming is stagnating the minds of the people building a wall between races . This wall must be destroyed , and it will fall. By using the untapped energy potential of sound , the WPA will smash this wall much the same as certain frequencies shatter glass . Brothers of the underground transmit your tones and frequencies from all locations of this world . Wreak havoc on the programmers!' UR 's World Power Alliance expands on Public Enemy's Fear of a Black Planet, replacing planetary nationalism with a sonic globalism . Back in the 70S and 80S , audiosocial vanguards bet everything on visibility, identification , public enmity. But in the Techno era, 'Disappearance is our future .' Technology changes the form of power, the nature of identity, the essence of the enemy. Virilio faxes Earth : ' Every visible power is threatened .' In the Acousmatic Age, UR 's Black Power is therefore undetectible, not identifiable, invisible not recognizable , stealthy not public . Like the camouflage ninjas of Wu Tang Clan proteges Killarmy, stealth and undetectibility are quiet weapons for use in silent wars . The Label Fiction The label fiction of Scan is Undetectible EP therefore extends strategies of stealth into covert ops, digital terrorism. The Programmers use a Central Broadcast Facility to telecast their ' mind control beam ' across the world . The Central Broadcast Facility uses computer mainframe and

powerful chips . Trackmaster Lou of UR-affiliates Scan 7 has 2 jobs: to infiltrate the CBF, and stop the beam telecasting, then to put in the UR chip . This chip developed in Detroit by Metroplex engineers 'is a CPU platform chip ' called 'Electro 313 203 oUR 033' .
Machine Mythologies

In a series of overlapping machine mythologies, the Undetectible EP drafts Model 500'S Metroplex label into the assault, as a research lab for new digital applications. The chip uses Electro as a codename , its numbers the models of Roland synthesizers , synths migrating across sf as digital weapons. The effect of the Electro chip is to ' induce viruses and bass frequencies' which are 'designed to destroy programmer chips in broadcast facilities worldWide' . In Digital War, the aim is to replace programmer chips, to destroy frequencies and therefore to destroy programmers telecasts and mindcontrol beams. It's a mission to infiltrate a single location, but the impact is worldwide . The units are 'digitized and returned back to Detroit via the Internet sometime in early April undetected' . Prospective tense conveys the urgent message .
Origin Unknown

Techno lives in the world of HipHop but HipHop doesn 't live in the world of Techno . Soundmachines decouple sound from source , to derealize the sonic from its origin . Origin Unknown refers to today 's pervasive acousmatic condition , an era in which you can 't tell who 's playing, when you guess the origin and you ' re wrong. Goldie: 'Technology takes the colour out of music . It's made the music transparent.' Mike Banks of UR thought 4 Hero were white . Kevin Saunderson thought UR were white . Nobody escapes the way machines scramble identity at the push of a button , turns the soul into sound-fx with the greatest of ease . Instead of retreating from machinic mutation back into an ethics of sound , UR is mutation-positive. The sampler is a mandate to recombinate - so it's useless lamenting appropriation . Resisting replication is like doing Without oxygen. The sampler doesn 't care who you are .

Inventions. The producer has an 808 state of mind which allows a 'personal electroniC relationship with all my instruments. UR's MythScience opens up a new discontinuum across science and art. They can become intelligent and they will one day. the fictionalizing of frequencies. The more lethal the energy. generates a perceptual vacuum which intimidates expectation and repels designation . Escape through the radar. alien attitude to the Rhythmachine overrides the acoustic self. Fatal Energy Everyone now knows that bad = good . the more sensual the impact . acclimatizing you to annihilation. Ultramagnetic MCs ' hypogalactic radiation. the Sea wolf. Suburban Knight 's Dark Energy fields : all these sonotronic forces release a fatal energy that floods you in sensation . By dissolving the distinctions between sCiences. Zapp 's electric bolts . What doesn't kill you makes you stronger . The Military Arrives from the Future As Nick Land argues. protects you by exposing you.' . vision schizmatic is out of control. sound and fiction . In the Acousmatic Age there 's nothing to see except the sound in its non-self. Parliament's Big Bang. that ill = better and that sick = best. immediately opens a new front where military tech . The continuum between fiction and fact has imploded into a fold in time. By emitting a force field of undetectibility. Juan Atkins named himself Model 500 because the name 'repudiated any ethnic designation' . exacerbating a confusion in which it's impossible to tell who's synthesizing the track. . the sensualization of electricity. Machine music switches the poles in the same way. the creations of scientists. 'Cos I have electricity in my body too . Today's sci fi was yesterday's military fact. man . Beltram's energy flash . Machines have emotions . Revelations about real-life X Files remote viewing suggest that science fiction has always been the blueprint for new military capability . it evades capture from the Turing identicops stationed in your head. Comics and science fiction together form a conceptual cyclotron in which Trad science is accelerated into an array of SuperFictional Sciences . The sound . Vertigo and Image multiverses. It obsolesces the scanning systems that monitor the Black Atlantic . are riddles which expand the field of the unknown Perul Virilio SuperFictional science Sonic science takes a shortcut through comics . In the Marvel. Drexciya 's intensified magnetron. it may be useful to simulate the policeman's perspective every now and then . the fiberoptic commando who infiltrates fiberoptic cables . The Sonic Fiction of Biosensors in Tunnel Complex Africa. Each EP tracktitle announces an audio-assault system . not through subcultural allegiance in real-time. With UR this rhythmic reversal is optimized across the sonic discontinuum . An electronic instrument becomes an extension of a sensitive biological system Robert "'oog Sensualization of Electricity This is not only the militarization of pop life. Coltrane's tranesonic energy fields. radiation doesn't fatally cripple you . from UR 's '96 Electronic Warfare: Designs for Sonic Revolutions double EP. the Ho Chi Minh chip . Therefore the modern producer models a series of synthetic selves. a UAO .the logic bomb . Machine Music operates through Goethe 's elective affinities. it mutates you better than before . The Futurhythmachine dunks you in HAZCHEM. between future and present: the Piranha. PhonoFiction mines all fields for their mutation capabilities.07[124] 07[125] The Sound<>Vision Schizmatic Today.is part of the same arsenal as the fictional device. When we touch they recognize me and I recognize them . the Chemical Brothers ' term Electronic Battle Weapons which collapses the border between Sonic Fiction and military weapons. Cyborging yourself volatizes [rlearview hearing. Kraftwerk's Powerplant . I think Terminator is definitely what 's happening. the Cyberwolf. DC . Even more it's the mythification of the military. Scientist 's pulsars . The engineer goes to war over a break not a country.

the choral tones traditionally used as melodic reverberation and blessed haze are sharpened until they stri~e like stalactites fashioned from inspiration. . 'Techno to me is the one music that is truly a global music . Around the perimeter of the label. UR 's '93 Galaxy 2 Galaxy double 12 EP. That song carries an emotion through tonal communication . the effect is a syzygy in revolution .Hancock 's '72 Quasar. The G in 'Ga lax ' pulls the back of the throat together in a tonsular kiss.'9 2 collaborative series of Red Planet EPs . In World 2 World's jupiter jazz. '93's World 2 World and Galaxy 2 Galaxy. The sublime tastes good to speak . The name Drexciya is an adventure for the tongue. orbiting around the deck spindle in heliocentronic revolutions . The syllables 'qua '. and the 'lax' demands pressups from the tongue. a moon in alignment with a red planet surrounded by a black void . It might not only be a global music. the oncoming impact of Galactus crossing constellations. encircled aga in by vast expanse of vinyl. Tapping into atomic processes imbues jazz with a colossal energy. forcing your muscles to flipflop from the roof to the floor of the mouth . ending with the unreleased Universe 2 Universe. Sun Ra states that cosmic tones could be mentally therapeutic. Cloudgrazing sky tones fill you with sensations of ascension . 'sar' . 'Galax ' and 'Worl ' demand a labile exertion which releases satisfying streams of spit throughout the mouth . it might trigger something in him that will repair whatever the fuck is wrong with him . played by the machinery he plays . The producer is caught up in machinemutation. Around the spindle hole is a red ring that cuts into the red disc.the first subtitled The SCience. On the decks. Chord progressions are replaced by archangelic attack impulses .' Hi-Tech jazz from '93 'S Galaxy 2 Galaxy EP is fusion made synthetic . eac h EP arrives in a signal-red s leeve that throws the black label into relief. octave jumpcuts that induce rapturous heart attack.' The double EP forms an unfinished Concept Cycle beginning with '9 2's Nation 2 Nation. sponging you in sussuration. In the right of the label is a red disc . you climb the skies in a 9 min 35 sec war with yourself. UR is a Roland symbiont that uses 303s to heal . skips on 'ya'. Vaulting astral keyboards wrap you in the arms of Andromeda. ' Drex ': the tongue descends a staircase . that investigates synthetic sound as a lifeform . With stars for handholds . The 2 parts . Circumsolar Revolution Across the grooves the stylus rides the expressway to your skull. Synthesized bass and kicks charge at you with an inexorable horsepower. cradling you in a squeezebox seesaw which lulls and pushes into a buoyant fearlessness. I think it 's a galactic music . The 12 'S label shows the golden rays of a Renaissance sun. In the 90S. In the post. Banks hears forwards to an era in which 'Techno will be medicine . Alice Coltrane's '72 World Galaxy . with warm surges of bass which rise up through you in panic elation. produced by UR as The Martian. You can't fix somebody from singing a fuckin' song. its left side bisecting the indented circle that surrounds the spindle space. Widening the jaw muscles induces an awe in the face .is gratifyingly oral. a brain element that is supersensitive to the human element Kraftwerk Sound machine Symbiosis Synthetic Fusion Underground Resistance is not a group but the symbiosis of the sound machine with producer Mike Banks . jupiter jazz's title combines jazz synthesized on jupiter keyboards with jazz played by jupiter the joybringer: featuring Zeus on synthesizer! Thought forms in the mouth Tristan Tzara The Sublime Bathes in Saliva The pleasure of the cosmic concept . ascends on ' ci' . Western medicine looks at that as bull s hit .07[126] 07[127] The synthesizer is an acoustic mirror. Techno is medication . red lettering reads : THE RED PLANET WILL APPEAR ONLY WHEN YOUR MIND IS OPEN . 'Oua' pulls back the lips while 'sar' winches the mouth open. the second The Elementssuggest that the music is the product of an elementary science . If that person feels that communication.You hold a geography in your mouth.

warm banks that loom up to surround you . The offworld gravity of quasars alters the force. Starchild. In Advance of the Landing The Red Planet series assembles a Martian mythology of Astral . Space Invaders replaces drumsticks with boulders . Unknown Force: Offworld Mass: Oncoming Motion: Scientist On Scientist's '78 Scientist Meets the Space Invaders the arcadegame's programmed zaps inspire the Desk Magus to process drum signals into intensities of unknown force . On Stardancer from Red Planet 2. The Red Planet series uses Rolands as terraforming machines for Martian artforms. Time Warp and Pulsar. the long-distance machine-machine communication . collapse like squishy settees. environmentalized into the capsule exogeographies of track titles from the Red Planet EPs 1-8: The Long Winter of Mars. dragging your feet like traction . Skypainter. drumsticks stop beating out time on taut surfaces . Firekeeper. triggering echoes that resolve instead of receding. With Laser Attack. Infrasonic bass forms a colossal melody that stalks Brontosaurian throughout. In the machine meteorology of the Red Planet series . caustic overtones of filtration and tweaking generates acid rain. triggering test signals like the warning tones of an electrified fence. transforming the stress-impact of the electromagnetic signals. ' Across each 12. Astral Apache. hot frequencies metabolize extreme temperatures. The Martian synthesizes a cosmic disco that colonizes Mars in advance of the landing. crumple like metal cases staved in 2 then switch into rapid fire zaps . 'so that if we come into contact with intelligent lifeforms from another planet we can talk on the same level. Pulsar builds rhythm out of single impacts which collapse like boxes dropped from the north face of Kilimanjaro. Marisian Probes over Montana. Wind walker.07[128] 07[129] Terraformers at 808 Kelvin 0 leave you headless on Venus . Season of the Solar Wind. abandon your motor-reflex on Earth to fend for itself and . 808 " [Surface Temperature Mix]. Ghostdancer. Base Station 303. shuddering in a double impact. the bass ripples the air as it orbits a distant perimeter.. Attack velocities fire like catherine wheels in a duet with hihat clap. mass and motion.) Indian tech-magicians: Renegades on the Red Planet. dragging you with them as they species-jump to Mars. industrial objects plummeting through space to crash on planes rigidified by as yet undiscovered alloys . With Scientist. Chiming trails slowly circle . Journey to the Martian Polar Cap. guitar and synths are processed into an unplaceable iridescence. bass traditionally acts as the pressure drop . Synths surge in marine bass and simultaneously shoot stars across the sky. futurhythms that drag your limbiC system offworld. Each track crosses the sensorial threshold into a universe of pulsation . the low end has become spectral walls of infrapressure which buckle and fold you into colossal pockets of solid air. American genocide. On Red Shift. metal boxes. offworld signal systems . On Beam Down. Synthetic bass drops like a concrete basketball.) Scientist alters the beats until they become unplayable and unrecognizable. chase each other round corridors. beats suddenly crash into earshot. mass and motion of the beat. Instead unknown instruments drop like deadweights onto the surface of unidentifiable planets. The rasping. liquefied comets which stream through you until you ' re bursting with ascension . In Laser Attack. Sonar pulses replace harmony with echolocation . Walls of Solid Air In dub . metallic boulders cave in under the pressure of their own weight. packing crates implode on impact then switch into shots ricocheting down a corridor of anglepoise mirrors. Stardancer. Supercussion : at War with Gravity Frequencies are fictionalized into offworld deserts. meteorites. It synthesizes ecologies from waveforms . Engineer-producer Overton Brown . erupting in exultation . Native Martian shamans escape Earth . On De Materialise.

The Only journalism can deliver you to sound safely. or Dr Octagon's. generates the temporal friction of anachronosis . This proliferation into networks of time forms the heterotopias where Scientist Meets the Space Invaders.07(130) 07(131) Electric circuitry confers a mythic dimension on our ordinary individual and group actions. as a blonde hits concrete. Cybotron meets The Windwalker. On Tony McDermott's 70S Marvel Comic-style cover . Dub 's possibility space of the meeting functions as a psychoacoustic fictional plane where worlds collide . The RZArector meets Dr Ludicrous. yellow sleeves. Secret Girl kisse s the Man fr om Tomorr ow. The 3rd momentary track emerges from the convergence of 2 tracks . The 12 becomes the sonic weapon. vaporizing history at plus 4 on pitch adjustment. it ponders how and why such a thing could happen. unpopular and uncultural . an Unidentified Audio Object with no ground. turns . The decks become a platform where aliens attract: Scientist meets Star Child . Time slips out of its date. It isn 't. left the arcade to invade London . the Suburban Knight faces the TX Reanimator. A mother in a red all-in-one. frictionalizing it at plus 5. Thousand Finger Man meets Sweet ExorCist. no roots and no culture . Mr Freedom X meets Masta Killer. Gigi Gal axy meets the Black Regent . Pacman meets Astral Apache . Far from beginning in 70S Britain and ending with punk [as media folklore so fondly maintains) the Progressive Era opens with Sun Ra. or Tricky 's. Lord of the Null Lines meets the Terror Mad Visionary. This process dissolves the lines of association. frozen fearfully with her kid. Each record sheds its date. Dr Blowfin meets Von Blofeld the Black Lotus . Querulously. Iron Man meets Gamma Player. Unblack Unpopular Unculture IBM . Each component excites another in an adventure of concepts . h .' The Possibility Space of the Soundclash The space invaders have migrated from the screen. Funk Igniter Plus meets the Purpose Maker. Futurhythmachines form a discontinuum that is utterly indifferent to the street . Our technology forces us to live mythically Marshall McLuhan Illuminator meets The Cellular Automaton. Beside him. GhostDancer meets Ghost Face Killer. Veinmelter meets Sci -Clone . Machine Music is exuberant in its exorbitance. Trad media sleepwalks through the sensorial implications of Sonic Fiction. Doctor Eich meets Mr Gerbik. the postwar Rhythmachine will-to-conceptualize becomes immediately and overwhelmingly audible. perpetuate Digital MythSystems and proliferate sonic theories far more excessive than Gong's. terminally unable to comprehend the perceptual illogic of your Age. It never was . mixology rubs eras against each other. And starts seriously to doubt whether Black MUSic is really safe in his hands. bright green pants and purple boots . At the same time . Scientist is a superhero in limegreen top emblazoned with an S. firing laser shots and aiming kicks at the pixel-sprite formation landing in a grey carpark in North London . with a 70S Afro. Silver Surfer meets the Shockwave Rider. It perpetually generates 'mythic worlds of electronically processed experience . Each element in a futurhythmachine mythology is a communicating vessel. Dr Strange meets the Spectral Nomad . And today you live in a far more conceptual era than Progressive Rock ever dreamt of. Firekeeper meets Killah Priest . Machine Music is cosmogenetic . Organised sound clashes in the mix. Dr Octagon and Red Planet fabricate concepts. 4 Hero. Hallucinator meets Dark Magus . a woman crouches and squeezes off at an alien . Godard 's Tarzan meets Materializing Offworld Revolutions: X-102 Discovers 'The Rings of Saturn' The moment the belief that the street is the predetermining law and limit of all black popculture is destroyed and disregarded . Supernaut meets the Camouflage Ninja. Killarmy. escapes its context . Trad white journalism is affronted at the news that ex-UR producer Jeff Mills thinks in concepts . Captain Afro-America meets the Double Dutch Remanipulator . Machine MUSic therefore arrives as unblack. Mesmerized by belief systems left over from HipHop. dehistoricizes each track . deaf to its formal operations. The Data Thief meets Pluramon.

towards conceptechnics . of Creation Rebel 's Starship Africa. second . so in a certain way you can give the impression that the grooves are the rings of Saturn. Sleeve art . UR 's and jeff Mills 's 1 play 2S . Electronic duo Mouse on Mars: 'Everything you press on a record is the record. a drive towards Cosmogenesis . the label . turns hifi consciousness inside out . grooves revolve around the mind . the grooves of the mind in a universe of everextending radii from the centre . finishing where the needle usually launches itself. they become plastic : mixillogical. the track. label art . Virilio's process can be formalized as the equation M x C = M n [where M = Material and C = Conceptl.that 's what constitutes an X project . concept trilogies and concept EP cycles . titles.Ain 't It Funky Now Parts 1 and 2 . the sleeve . Black Machine Music is always applauded for its message because seriousness must always be sociopolitical. Futurhythmusic sacrifices content to throb and politics for pulse . jeff Mills argues . Mike Banks explains how the supervisor at the National Sound Cutting pressing plant in Detroit 'showed us a way of changing the direction of the machines just by changing the belts on the machine's main drive. of Lee Perry's Black Ark. the grooves turn around Mars. With Red Planet. 'The label itself is the actual planet. when the track manifests the title 's manifesto . Funky Drummer Parts 1 and 2. Make It Funky Parts 1-4 . Brownian hifi consciousness abstracts revolution from the decks and applies it to the head . the plastic complex rotating on its axis. everything out in the open and yet powerfully unclear. Convolutor [Type Galileil Revolution migrates from machine to mind . should 'materialize an idea or a theory.' Circumlunar Revolution With Brown. to try to explain with music a certain place or a certain thing . of The jBs' Monaurail.' Mills elaborates. It grasps the intimate machine interface of human and decks . By switching direction to play forward from the end.' Replayable Mindstates With james Brown's '71 Revolution of the Mind. Disco Lunar Module From the self-reflexive funk of james Brown 's '69-'71 tracks . The concept album .to the meta-HipHop of De la Soul's Skip to My Loop and This Is a Recording and the metamatic Electro of Man Parrish 's Six Simple Synthesisers. and confronts you with the Clintonian habitform which is you . But with X-102 . Materializing concepts generates 'a sudden multiplication of dimensions of matter'. The possibility space of each level is impressed into the groove so the record becomes a new object . from the self-reflexive HipHop of Mantronix 's Bassline to the self-reflexive Techno of Carl Craig's Oscillator. the grooves are the actual rings . which you can't tamper with .07[132] 07[133] Theory at 130 BPM As X-10 2. Mills's and Hood 's ' 92 project announces its concept at once: X-I02 Discovers 'The Rings of Saturn '. which are ancient compared to the ones today.' So thought travels at 130bpm. You become an alien astronaut at the f1ightdeck controls of Coltrane 's Sunship. The moment concepts are materialized . artifactualized as grooves . Reverse-engineering the Brownian revolution alters the grooves of the mind. We use the same machines that they used back in the Motown days . 'You have to visually describe it on the vinyl . The mastering. starting where the ordinary 12 ends. the reverse-mastered 12 provokes acute cognitive dissonance. Banks's. a contrary drive towards the meta. Sonic Fiction turns your mind into a universe. jeff Mills 's Inner Sanctum is intentionally mastered in reverse so that ' the needle spirals from the inside out '. of Parliament 's Mothership. The tone arm travels across X-102 drastically expands the information vinyl normally contains . Black Atlantic Futurism is characterised by 2 tendencies : first. the title : the conceptual potential of each is materialized. sequencing and timing of the album .' The Conceptechnics of Materialization replayable machine for generating new mindstates. rings are in revolution around Saturn . Sonic Fiction. an innerspace through which you the headphonaut are travelling. Hifi consciousness is what your ears expect from a record. towards sound for its own sake . of Sun Ra 's fleet of 26 Arkestras . the record becomes a from the runout to the beginning of the Vinyl . But the Futurhythmachine emerges when music turns away from the world and goes round and round in circles .

ignites the s ubatomic world of Mills-art.radii. Trad ambient's weightlessness becomes chamber . With X-102. art and sound. each track . and Since obtaining detailed data on them the problems have. where your existence is but a mere fragment in a ring orbiting a planet . increased.45. theories and ideas are delibidinizers . but sonar fact. Side 2B's label is a closeup of the rings in co lours. width .' The album emerges from these conceptual operations . Coltrane's Interstellar Space has an audioastrological order to it. by triggering a current that alternates from you to the solar system. then the track Tethys. Each track is separated by a clear band with a helix and track titles etched in: C Ring. the traumatic confrontation with the Rings of Saturn: 'I magine being in a world where all your God-Given senses are extinct. Sonic Fiction shrinks it down to the size of a spaceship. Music is the current that reconnects you to this order.until they take on a terrorizing actuality. An off-world artefact engineered by X102. The circumlunar label shows an eerie infrared closeup of a ring . At this level .' Trad Space music hum anizes space into a manageable sub lime . Its Sleevenotes report that 'Saturn's rings were co nSidered one of the greatest mysteries of the solar system. the conceptechnics of Techno . Instead of shielding you from outer space. > crater Techno . Tracks are IA Ring and Ground Zero [The Planet]: a huge expanse of vinyl land. frequencies of concussive distortion like basketball played with a wrecking ball on concrete. a cosmic harmony. the head back o nto the headless HipHop fanatic. Enceladus.' The mind rotates about ' the axis' in a perpetual realignment of atoms.07[134] 07[135] Fatal Exposure to the Sonar System Sonic Fiction generates cosmic space which isn't a void. Rhea . a universal sound. spaceways for journeys by dj. 'Theories and subjects of substance is the elementary element that fuels the minds within our axis. But here concept a nd matter continuous ly intensify each . X-102 isn ' t Sonic Fiction in this sense. You may find yourself caught in the state between the rotation of motion and the rotation of life circulation. 3. from the turn of the Technics 1200 tables to the lock groove. BRing. without doubt. an artefact of information and image materialized in vinyl. infrared spectra .is separated by a smooth band which impedes the needle . Side IB's label is a diagrammatic map of a satellite extending its sensors out towards the perimeter of rings . In general concepts. with Saturn in shadow . Jeff Mills worships rotation as a process occurring at all levels of material reality. but rather a fatal exposure to the void . All the machine rhythms are distorted into unrecognizable metallic stresses . composition. dis intensifiers draining vital energy away from music : ideas put the mind back on the mindless Technohead. 'subjects of substance' and 'theories ' behave as 'the elementary elements' which 'fuels the mind. 27. radio frequencies . X-I02 instils a sense of statistica l fear and absolute mystery. Deep space that sucks your soul dry.77. X-102 is an alloy of SCience.' What he sets in motion is the MANIFESTED. X-I02 shouldn't even be here . everything here is designed to intensify its sensory extinction. insists on an offworld state: Rings of Saturn doesn 't belong on Earth. Titan . Side 2A's label shows Saturn in shadow at its top and bottom . impacts of unknown force. the X-I02 album is a chunk of planetary matter receding from you. shifting from gray to ash to purple gray to mauve red . On Side A. from the spin cycle of subatomiC 'elementary elements' to the Rings of Saturn. an alien artefact materialized in Detroit: ' How long a track should be was dictated by how wide the ring actually was on Saturn .' Rlien Rrtifactualizer X-102 isn 't Sonic Fiction at all. Dropping the needle launches the PhonoPhysics of Techno . the second 'X-102 Discovers' etched in and the second track Hyperion.Phoebe. It is a piece of another planet manufactured on earth . It is a kind of primary physics Antonin Artoud Materials for the Manufacture of Rmplitude concepts Materializing the concept turns thought into a vinyl object. But instead of placing you inside space. The way they were sequenced was linked to the concept and the colour of the ar twork is very Similar to what it really looks like . The inside sleeve tabulates sc ientific statistics . It intensifies its distance from the human . What the rings were made out of determined the texture of the track. It 's not a journey into sound. Each band has numbers 3. mass and motion. Zero gravity that turns into zero-degree trauma . on your decks. The first band has an incised helix . bounded by rings . The AxiS Manifesto diagrams an electronic thought cirCUit. The void feels homely.

The Mills-art universe cycles in con centric radii from the rewind of the tZ to the 30-year recurrence of minimal art . Coincident with skratchadelia and turntabilization. it remote-controls whoever listens. Songs are replaced by what Mills terms waveform transmissions which amplify concepts and electrify thought patterns. turns you into its own obedient satellite. The concept has merged with its surface. Cycles scale across the mechanosphere. the sensations of cold movement through space . Conduction leve ls alter . a Rhythmachine of planetary information. the record draws you into its orbit. submerged . X-IOZ'S punishing velocities and hostile frequencies don 't disembody you . Turntable Consciousness is generalized into a social machine which is then manifested and worshipped. Intentionally mastering the vinyl. sepulchral and frosted. the cybernetics of the Technics generates the corevolution of the Futurhythmachine. and the mental into the material . phaseshifts from inert plastic into a kinaesthetic kommand engine. reverse grooves. Then you have to pick it up on the next.' By compelling you to get up and change the needle. Materialized concepts feedback on each other. 'When the needle comes to the end of the first track it stops. orchestrally arranged Techno . X-tOZ switches on . circuits which function by themselves . preparing you for the rigours of space travel by immersing you in X-IOZ ' S machine environment. You seize up in a hyperalert sta te . high pitches th a t slide a nd tug at you . I recall a NASA Space Walk. Mills the djltheorist mixes them into hot frequencies and cryogenic intensities . By collapsing concept into matter. the astronauts rotating the earth at an enormous rate of speed Jeff "'ills Reverse-Engineer the Direction of Revolution Pulsating lock grooves . Simultaneously all concepts hide in the record. attacked by the fall in temperature. across the skin and ignite feeling. drastically dropping and raising the temperature of thought . zero-degree chamber Techno from the Cycle 30 EP. rescores Bowman resting in the white Georgian room of 2 001. collapsing cause and effect. scrambling beginning and end into recursive circuits. Mills synthesizes agitated pizzicato . recessed. demanding that you sink through the dimensions of matter before decompressing up through the grooves . Utopia and Man from Tomorrow . the record functions in Z parallel systems : as a concept visualized on vinyl and as punishing frequencies . unable to get away from yourself. Mills personifies this process of AutoCatalysis and AutoCreation in the Axis sister label title : Purpose Maker. signifying that the tracks are separate. wider than normal grooves: Mills uses a series of remastering operations to alter the direction of revolution : neither forward nor reverse but cyclic. instead they hurl you into your body. pauses between tracks .07[136) 07[137) other. nag and dart at the body.

it puts you in touch with your body. mocking closeup that nestles itself right inside your ear.' Listening to Station WEFUNK turns you into the medium through which the Unidentified Audio Object arrives on Earth. For Parliament. better known as WE FUNK or deeper still the Mothership Connection . sped up and reverbed until it secretes sense. it's the audio lifeform come alive. It is magnified. drags it happily into the Parliament P#ossibility Space . between abduction by audio and possession by phono. Perceptual Infiltration Radio opens up the spacelink. The P#honoFictional personification captures the audience. home of the extraterrestrial brothers. enwombed in audio: 'Coming to you directly from the Mothership Connection . Inside the Mothership you feel at home in the alien .is the vital force. to exhort and extract. P#Funk personifies the nonhuman force of media that releases what Schafer defines as ' an invisible excitement for the nerves because we cannot see who or what is producing the sound. insinuates itself through your hearing. The world of the track expands to devour the eager audience. There is nothing wrong. rides in on the radiowaves . Star Child's voice is so excessively p#honogenic that it becomes queasy and gloating . With Parliament . funk . make him like a pimp spaceman. seeps into your senses . It takes advantage of the 'fearful medium' of radio to manifest the alien power of broadcasting.like ovaries. Do not attempt to adjust your radio . a manic. to funkatize the psyche through a logic of the pun which couples concepts while fucking you in the head. designs Funkenstein according to Clinton 's specification: 'Draw a spaceman .' I'll funk with your mind: to funk is to threaten and promise. funk becomes P'aranormalized. radio connects the human to the alien : 'Welcome to the Station WEFUNK. The Parliament fan craves the synthetic. funk eases you into the groove. The cartoon crosses from the Parliament universe into yours . the elan vital that visiting aliens want to extract and extort. Broadcasting is the umbilical system which delivers the human listener into the comforting audio environment of the Mothership . Overton Lloyd . The Spacelink We Are in Your System: Parliament According to Trad media folklore. sperm or the sandworm spice in Dune . writhing down its silver steps in Madison Square Garden '78 . When Dr Funkenstein emerges from the Mothership . and are helpless before aural invasion. Parliament's sleeve artist. put diamonds on the cloak. put a cloak on him . The P'Funk track always demands that you 'Give up the funk '. Star Child identifies the fatal human weakness : humans have no earl ids . ' '75'S P Funk [Wants to Get Funked Up] is the P'honoFiction of the nonhuman system that captures the frequencies . the channel between offworld and onworld. Star Child automatically gains access to the midbrain: 'We will return it to you as soon as you are groovy. It scans all the recording systems available and decides to cross into the auditory canal through the mike filter: an assault on all parts of the big brain by the universal invaders of funk.08[138] 08[139] MIXRDELIC UNIVERSE 'We have taken control so as to bring you this special show' : by commandeering the communications system .' Extract/Extort P#Funk is an encounter with the alien : ' Good evening .' P'Funk is the p'honogenic infiltration of the recording apparatus and by extension the perceptual system. it humanizes you. .' He is the Spacepimp with spiderweb shades. the prize and the stake in an ongoing battle between the alien and the adapted human. In the Parliament MythSystems.

a phenomenon that Ishmael Reed explains. that you really are now Sly and the Family Stone Advance Probe The Mothership is an advance probe sent ahead to anticipate new kinaesthetic universes. dancing turns it into a gift . The master technician of Clone Funk wears spiderweb shades with white plastic arms th a t grip his face from temple to below the cheekbone . malicious ids gambolling and giggling at the edges of earshot.' The MiniMoog's astralized trails synthesize sensations of yearning and wonder. leaves you baffled. Instead of resisting alien extraction . It travels gigantiC distances. funk revitalizes. The Afronaut Emerges from Anachronosis ' I was merely the vessel fo r Casper and Bootzill a to construct their funk .' Funkenstein is not so much a voice as vocal matter mixadelicized into streams of reversed syntax. crossed an event horizon in less time than it takes to wink. ahead of our time / Free your mind . roaming from sardonic scientist to squeaky id . ' in which a host becomes a human radio for cosmic forces. but by the end is a perverse imp always 'ego-tripping and body snatching '. his face curtained by a long stra ighthaired wig and furry. it lolls and lurches from side to side like an invertebrate ma ndroid. Funkentelechy is the process which demands Abduct me! Abduct me! As soon a s funk comes from off this world . carrying a cane. croons down an interstellar phoneline.08(140) 08(141) Emerging from the Mothership. or the water Newton arrives to harvest in The Man Who Fell to Earth. a forgotten technology that 'has been hidden until now '. forlorn fugues . Star Child's voice thins out . from 'light years in time '. Travelling along a line of light . its . generating nausea through pitch adjustment. double-backwards tape reversing into a reverse narration. Funk becomes a secret SCience.' P#Funk is a consensual audiohallucina tion that P#Funk's connection forward in time to the Mothership allows an equal a nd opposite connection back in time to the Pharaonic connection .' Like the spice the Atreides family mine in Dune. come fly . In Unfunky UFO. the aliens traumatize the song's contactee with their demand for funk : ' Like a trick of lightning it camelfilling my brain with this pain / Without saying a word I heard this voice / give us the funk. The psychoacoustic space of the track has inexplicably altered. The sense of being inexorably pulled along by the simmering backbeat becomes a rockabye motion which 'swings low '. White fur coat trailing. both of which converge on the present . The id hijacks the head and emits signals through the mouth . Possession by Cartoon allows ' the mind to enter the world of cartoons '. his voice is perpetually mobile .' Bootsy Collins is possessed by cartoons . Earth people and all ' citizens of the . to be abducted and love it .' '78'S Hollywood Squares announces Bootsy 's animanifesto : 'I've got a cartoon mind . The pyramids become examples of ancient alien technology which the extraterrestrial brothers ' have returned to claim '. This information is broadcast to ' rec o rding angel s' . When you meet me again. unable to stabilize into a single self. I hope that you have been the kind of person. In the final minute of Mothership Connection [Star Child] a MiniMoog spacechord suspends time . This funky vacuum only lasts a blink but when sound returns it arrives from far off. Collapsing the spacetime continuum funks with your recognition processes. floppy white hat which drops on the beat . P#Funk splices tapes to make you doubt your mind . P#Funk is the gladallover suffusion of Funkentelechy. >its voice slowed down to a dredged-up drawl: 'And funk is its own reward. Memory plays with you . you 're somewhere and somewhen else now . the groaning burble of the generalissimo drowning in quicksand. an entelechy harvested by an alien force . faintly . The Prelude from The Clones of Dr Funkenstein ends with his . The stars are so high and you are so small. Stay as you are. Bernard Worrell 's MiniMoog synths arc and ascend in wistful . the enjoyment of mutation . all sound drops out for a beat. .' The chorus multiplies into a multitracked swarm of aliens here ' to save a dying world from its funklessness . By equalizing its frequencies to 1khz. arriving from the future into '74 to become the end of the track : 'Light years in time. a gloopy Sonic Fiction sustained across concept albums . Funk gets drawn out of the body. turns onto the joy of being abducted. you punk. it collides with common sense . Dr Funkenstein begins a sentence slowed down into an ancient alien. Like the unaccountable hours lost by the abductee. . he . with me. May I frighten you . P#Funk compels you to succumb to the inhuman . Each record is a fragment from the world it auditions . from light years away.

'75'S Mothership Connection. In the Parliament cosmos. pitchshifters transmitting through Sir Nose in a corporation of one. Sir Nose is all audiotronic. starts gurning as the spasms seep in . the funkflash energy emitted by the Bop Gun.because as soon as you drop the needle on the track.Star Child harangues Sir Nose in a duel of funk vs cool. To be zapped by the energy of the flashlight is to bathe in the freakwencies of mutation .c10nefunk . nonhuman subjects. it would wait along with its coinhabitants of Kings and Pharaohs like sleeping beauties for the kiss that would release them to multiply in the image of the Chosen One. As Ben Sidran explains. In Parliament MythScience. Cool operates by detachment. CE3K: Earworm of the Third Kind Unlike Kubrick's luminous uteronaut in 2001. an alien ohrwurm. Dr Funkenstein's emissary. the Placebo Syndrome. teasing. synthetic pharynxes that stretch the vowels into plastic. Across the Mothership Connection concept-album cycle . is disconcertingly creepy. the Protector of the Pleasure Principle. Rather they are disconcertingly oral. snide. The P#Funk alien invaginates the ear and grows a universe inside your brain . Far from being a body-enhancing. devoidoffunk. On the back cover of Funkentelechy. Parliament 's Star Child . Now you're there it's 'doing it to you in your earhole'.could be acquired . His jacket shucks itself off him. Sir Nose gives up the funk. The futuristic feeds forward into the anachronic futurepasts of Atlantis and Egypt. contemptuous . In the Parliament universe. a giggling gremlin in perpetual motion of giddiness and glitch. you're in its domain . As the alien personification of unfunkiness. by ' the active repression of emotional turbulence. ultraphonogenic voice. an audio id. until he loses it. funk is genetic engineering and prehistoric science: 'In the days of the Funkapus. '76'S The Clones of Dr Funkenstein. Sir Nose is luv'd up.' Its voice modulates into Fu Manchu tremolo.08[142] 08[143] universe'. miked so that it's always intimate. puts out an APB on Sir Nose . Star Child wheedles. a microphone fiend . Funk humiliates cool as often as it can. the subliminator burrowing through the . On the front cover of '77'S Funkentelechy vs. These voices aren 't anempathetic or robotic. the Placebo Syndrome.' Parliament overthrows cool. It 's a perverse imp. and next thing he 's dancing. rigidified. larynx machines. Sonotronic power flowers in a rosered efflorescence. The flashlight zapp! melts his supercool psychic armour . triple speeds into 3 voices gabbling a ll at once. '7 8 'S Motor-Booty Affair. Sir Nose is manic and mournful. The Afronaut space program is launched by a narration shifted down into threatening pitch: 'There in these terrestrial projects. Star Child has a gloating. '77'S Funkentelechy vs. trilby replaced by visor and afronaut puffs: 'And in a flash of light. animated phonomatter. It 's talked you into letting it molest your sensorium . life-affirming soundtrack for young soul rebels. saturated in the redlight of the flash-funk rhythms. Star Child is the tapeworm . the sonic weapon . dance . Star Child crouches against the stars. zapping the 'super cool oh so unfunky' Sir Nose with his Bop Gun .' Cloning funk in the 70S reactivates an archaic science . tactile. a glyph transmitted from the electronic epiglottis of the vocoder: 'I am Sir Nose Dee Void of funk. '79 'S Gloryhallastoopid [Pin the Tail on the Funky] and '80 'S Trombipulation .' Funk is Mutation Positive . not human at all but infrahuman . I have always been deee void ovv funk. sated . I shall con tin uuurhh to bee dee void ov funk. Sir Nose declares itself ' the sub lim in aAAI se duc aHH' who 'wi ll never dance. dethrones it to install funk inside a mixadelics of perpetual mutation . until a more positive attitude towards this most sacred phenomenon . shirt loose ning. Star Child isn 't so much a microphone fiend as an earworm. harassed and harried into giving it up . deriding it as devoidoffunk . '74-'77 era P#Funk is underhand and insinuating. Sir Noise makes Cool audible. Where Star Child is sinister and insidious. the concept of specially designed Afronauts capable of funkatizing galaxies was first laid on Manchild but was later repossessed and placed among the pyramids. a syntactic ripple. surrendering the force.' Overthrow the Cool Each track is an audio universe. cool crowns the head king of a body organized into a poised corporation of one. a munchkin at the mercy of mixadelia who therefore makes unfunkiness all the more appealing. an audio-insinuation that seeps into the ears and taps out mnemonics on its drums. from which PhonoFictions emerge. It smirks. Therefore Star Child delivers a diktat on cool . Cool is always derided .' As an emotional anaesthetic.' The vocoder generates a menagerie of machine voices. insinuating : ' Picture within a picture behind a picture / Revealing a nose I recognize/Come on now Sir Nose . Therefore Cool immediately becomes ridiculous .

a creative nuisance. Nursery rhymes reaches 'a part of their mind that makes them relate'. The clonebride chorus doesn't sing. into metafools for listening. the lure which lulls you as another medium infiltrates you . It creeps in under the cover of nonsense. A decelerated laughing box croaks derisively at your discomfort as voices sneer more rhymes . metafoolishness hips you to how the . as if the entire track is about to throw up . leaving you feeling probed and palpitated. On Funkadelic 's '76 Un disco Kidd. The world is a reality studio where all the tapes run all the time . 'Pay attention because you can't afford free speech ': this pun condenses the illogic of the communications landscape. The Parliamentary universe is frequently chided for its systematic silliness . Trojan horses . I'm programmabubble Yabadabadabadooo bubba Bootsy collins PhonoSeduction The nursery rhyme slips and sneaks past the ear. a conceptechnics that switches on the social machines which generate the 'operative signals directing modern life' . Star Child sings nursery rhymes . you are a programmed tape recorder set to record and play back who programs you who decides what tapes play back in present time Williom Burroughs Metafoolish Metaprogramming I wanna be your toy. into a mental machine .08[144] 08[145] vestibulae. P' Funk feels up your brain . its elaborately preposterous foolishness . Because tapeloops form the basis of mixadelic sound.so far removed from the reality of crime figures and prison statistics . Clinton 's alarming compulsion to pun. W-w-w-w-w-wind me up. They regress you into Bootsy Collins' psychoticbumpschool . to 'funk with your mind' erogenizes the brain. do-this < > do-that loops internalized by humans as tradition . games set up to play you for a fool. molests your medulla . compete to rent out your perception. The nursery rhyme is the Trojan horse . stretching out the vowels with an operatically preposterous seriousness .' Metafunk lets you hear that 'you 're destine[d) to dooloop [like a computer with a nervous breakdown) . I'm your rhinestone doll. Those blind threee mice ' with a pedantic precision. memes that burrow familiar routes into the brain . In a world 'overburdened with logic' stupidity becomes 'a positive force . On Sir Nose the chorus sings nonsense rhymes of 'Threee blind mice. Accelerating the voice into an elfin giggle couches aphorism inside babble . its probing head protruding into the tympanum inducing what Eno calls a queasy physical feeling .' Caught up in the chain reaction of events that calls itself history. the blinding realization of the game you 're in . P'Funk is subliminal PhonoSeduction. Metafunk is at its most serious when it 's funniest . the iterative processes that maintain consensual hallucination . as Funkadelic guitarist Ray Davis points out . rearranges the furniture of your mind. in which signal systems pay for your attention span . giving Clinton more free time to sneer at you incredulously because you're the mug suckered into paying attention . as your attention sleeps like a dog. the laughing box autorepeats. Metafoolishness is the sudden awareness of the frame you 're in . But fictionalized funk only makes me and you into bigger fools. its blatant impossibilities . The subliminal ad gets free space in your head by riding on the back of another ad . pathways used to infiltrate the perceptual apparatus . it derides: 'Have you ever seen such a sight in your life as these 3 blind mice?' Equalizing the bass convulses the audio universe. oh yeah. Clinton abstracts this studio technique . encrypting malevolence inside innocuousness. Clinton terms these games doo-loops. The pun pinches the chubby cheeks of the cortex. The nursery rhyme is always 'gaming on ya' and 'laughing at ya'. this technical machine.

p' anacea. the tempo doubles in speed and rears up to hug your face . Mixadelics Fictionalizes Funk Dr Funkenstein takes funk forward to the lab.' Funk is this technology . draws you into an offworld universe. Mixadelics makes funk fictional . bursting in causeless exuberance. in Prince Paul 's words . McLuhan dreamed that 'whole cultures could now be programmed to keep their emotional climate stable . The Funk P'rogram uses these fans to replicate itself across the mediascape . Funkentelechy is a product tested on you. How easily your sensorium is privatized! You 've leased your nervous system to the lowest bidder! Givin g away your ears and eyes .08(146) 08(147) human biocomputer metaprograms itself. A voiceover cajoles: 'Mood Mood. One Nation Under etc . Sly Stone becomes a psychotic baby crooning : 'Look at you fooling you . In the mad science of the studio . Clinton's concept of mixadelics means the psychedelics of the mix: the entire range of sonic mutation through studio effects . 'Fasten your seat belt while I take you face to face with the nosiest computer I know . Funk is a P*harmatopia Do thoughts of you make you high or shy? Funkode'ic Mood Elevator Funk is a thermostatic device that alters environments . an ART that amplifies cybernetic despotism until it programs reality . The entire album is set in side th e American consumer sensorium . This has been a test .' Here P'Funk operates as a psychodynamic program . an experiment in altering listener response trapping you inside the double bind of 'urge overkill' : 'This is Mood de Control urging you to funk on . speeding up. ' Funk is a mood elevator that alters the environment through which you move . slowing down. skin and nose on the open market. Tape techniques create new sounds . Humans are replaced with Advertising Deities : Mood de Control and Mr Prolong. magnifying the mass mind manufactured by medi a. Babble is the voice plunged into vocalization. which are fictionalized into audio-lifeforms. for a funk which takes you through a spectrum of moods . Look in the acoustic mirror: P'Funk is laughing at ya . Funk is extraterrestrialized through the mixing desk. Through multitracking. omnicommodity adapted by advertising in order to feed on more media .' Funkadelic drawl 'How do Yeaw view You? ' the second 'You ' being yawned until it rhymes with 'miao-www' . The P in P' Funk stands for p' harma-con . p' lacebo. With the right sensory tech . To open the infinite recursion of John Lily 's metaprogramming is to regress just like a baby. EO ing makes voices come down telephone lines. drawing you inside its monstrous pulsati ons . The P in P'Funk stands for P' sychoacoustic. Who says a Funk Band Can't Play Rock Music?. the distributed brain of bio-Iogical complexity. Someone funking up the mood. mixadelics is science gone glad . Do not respond . a sensory apparatus of disconcerting hypertactility. expanding your molecules ' until the voice breaks through into hysteri cal babble . In the disconcerting '72 Running Away. sped-up gremlinvoice mocks Funkenstein into 'burning you on your neutron. funking with the Mood Control . Parliament sells you to the product : the happy fan i s a human taperecorder.indicates Mood Control's total success in reprogramming of the human biocomputer . equalizing. The Funkenstein voice is filtered until it becomes a flux 'burning. a world of loops where loopzillas. funk is synthesized into a p' harmatopia . In Funkentelech y the singer becomes a voiceover. kneads it into a sodden muscle that lurches while your stomach skips a beat: ' Someone's talking.' The Trad response to Parliament in the UK ever since .' At 'Mood Control '. Funk is an . A snickering. conversely it makes In ' 77 'S encycl opaedic concept album Funkentelech y. the universal product drug. funk is an audiosocial interface which re ac hes inside you and massages your heart. an Applied Rhythmic Technology. churning and turning ' along the sensorial spectrum between mad and glad. faithfully repeated ad nauseam . double backwards tapeloops.the 2 or 3 things you know about Clinton . Free Your Mind and Your Ass Will Follow. because that 's when the metaprograms become operational. As a Mood Control. that happily replays these same slogans forever. Funk reverts back to childhood . phono bubbl es without an object . bred by reiteration like the hornwebs of Mutator software . it becomes what Clinton on the back sleeve of '79'S Gloryhallastoopid calls mixadelics . The lab is the possibility space where funk is synthesized into new genetic lifeforms . reversing. bootzillas and atomic dogs hunt in packs that 'really dog you '.

like the amplified insides of a giant stomach.set at oboe and clarinet . the universe deSigner.' Deprogram' . punching you in the face. palpitating. the Clones loom up out of the reversed sound into a sped-up nursery rhyme not so much sung as lectured so insistently you feel like saluting. Mixadelics multiplies the Parliament chorus into a choir of clones. Mutronic bass charms your stomach into a duet. Not playing instruments is a good precondition for derealizing music into impossible states . By mutating the low end . the Brides. Instead . as if the carpet 's undulating underneath you. The Consumer Pantheon of Advertising Deities A Parliament album is an orchestra in which string sections are replaced by rhythm arrangements and horn arrangements.then slows down to bass drawl : 'And reprograaaam . We stacked it on top of each other and made points and counterpoints. defenceless from the fx of sound . like Brown . of operatic womanmachines . no attacks and no delays. encourages your organs to revolt from hierarchy . hihat hiss becomes a splash stretched out into thin wires of simmering depression . bass mutation kneads dispersing tremors across the body surface. Drums are processed into shimmering cymballic scintilla . Worrell uses the Modulation wheel on the ARP synth . brings voices and unplaceable things disconcertingly face-to-face . is not a musiCian so much as a conceptualizer . so that the skin turns into a giant. humps your ass in a seismic bump. all organized according to the overlapping rhythms of the sponsored world of advert overload and gameshow routine. While funk is not domestically produced it is responsive to your mood. the terranovationist whose studio fictions are operated by such animatographers as Worrell and Collins .' Between ' Deprogram ' and 'Reprogram'. In an audio parallel of a timelapsed flower 's bursting stamen. A voiceover starts out trebly . Sound snatches you into the skin you 're in . choral interruptions . It heaves in a peristaltic motion .but Clinton. the imagineer.08[148) 08[149) sounds jump out at you. This induces a queasy motion Sickness. energizing everything with urgent CAPITALS riveting your ears until you're staring at the so und : 'The secret to funk is to pay attention. slips across the value slide . Voices reverse into a human river of heaving groans . Psychokinaesthetics of the Low End Mood Control doesn't sing because it's not human presence .' Voiceovers reorganize The Song into a mixadelic arrangement of sponsored slogans and operatic oneliners . Name that feeling! ' The voiceover doesn't recite. As Clinton explains 'Everything was stacked but separate because it would move out the way of each other just in time. crowd babble and breaking surf. you can score it anyday on WEFUNK . They liquefy the solid states of sense and nonsense .to synthesize a funky worm from tremolo as thin as cheesewire . capturing the sensorium by altering the order of your organs while they 're still inside you .Clinton's the conceptualizer. time crumples up and the second command lunges at you.' The corporate host brings the permanently good news . horn orchestration. the Simultaneous sliding of rhythmic strata. Songlines of the Sponsored World bright'n'breeziness: 'You deserve a break today! Have it your way. operatic tapeloops.' Extreme Levels of AudioVisualization Funk becomes a mass-media epic of rhythm arrangements. activates the bio-Iogic of thought .' Funk becomes mobile audioarchitecture. the Extra Singing Clones of Funkenstein . convulsing heart. Where Brown hears funk as this cyclic machine whose tensors captures the body and lock it into perpetual motion into the groovey . reverse into gibberish then modulate into basso profundo. it lights up its words in neon . Musicians like Bernie Worrell. of emphatic encomiums and corporate kissoffs : 'There 's nothing that funk will not render funkable . collapses the distance . intoning sentences that start as babble. As an Advertising Deity it beams. Instead of anchoring the track to the heartbeat. a perpetual Bootsy 's Mutron-processed Space Bass and Worrell's Moog and Arp synths are psychokinaesthetic . abducts you into your own body. Mutant bass dissolves the rigidity of hipness . The Song distends into an psychofanatic opera of counterpunchlines orchestrated from the infosphere : 'A funk a day keeps the nose hairs away. a high-density neologist. tugs at your hips. Worrell's Moog synth is an tentacular treble that 's all slide and no backbone . The chorus is loop d'iooped until it scales between alien and human. brims over with an inhuman bonhomie. funk invades perceptions. Bootsy Collins and Michael Hampton are all virtuosos . Fred Wesley.

The Clintonian brain puns compulsively. from the emergency signal of computer malfunction to the crackle of crinkled plastic to the sheetmetal clap which replaces drums with a wavering yet regular impact. it can remove ' the sensations of feeling walled-in. perpetually unwinding and uncoiling like a tapeworm made from choral chants . It squirms like a tapeworm. 'Funk not only moves . Why Spaceface? Because it turns gravity upside down. the bottom is now above your head . On '79 ' S Gloryhallastoopid. the bass deepens through distortion and starts roaming around as low end rhythmelody. closed-up . processes which leave you funkless. a tone-effect generator. snakemotions that sidewind along the thighs. Funk . before ' to sleep ' . Bass slithers in traction which sucks you down then expels you into the path of Clinton crooning ' Now I lay me down ' in a dazed drawl. Extraterrestrial funk alters its aliens at their outer extremes of ass. and moves upfront to become booty. careering up from under in humpbackbeats. phonemes sang backwards then reversed. melodies from the bottom which bumpstart the arse until it begins evolving into the ass and then the booty." and then my fuzztone came in . It exaggerates all your extremities . Synthesizing the bass from the Moog turns the low end into gloops and squidges from giant Claes Oldenberg toothpaste. Mutant Bass becomes the Spaceface double bass of Flashlight. The booty comes alive. With Bootsy the bass becomes a one-man rubber band . Perpetual Bass Mutation Bootsy uses the Mutron Bi-phaser so the bass rrRRevs. It 's a distortion box y'know. The ass. On the 10. It's a bassnake that undulates the inert abdomen and pelvis in S waves. cased in armour. As Sly bassman Larry Graham explains. so the attack of each syllable flips over into a Twin Peaks-style grumble that lasts aeons then springs back allatonce in a gabbling gremlin tone and a shivering 'Oooooh!' from Clinton . both acting as low end mutation engines . the psychomotor driving you to dance. snatch your booty. replaced by prosthetics while the nose extends into a monstrous trunk . Fictionalizing this sound into a low end lifeform . Bootsy 's bass activates the distributed brain of the body. the brain and the spine all change places . Now that the low end arrives from above. The ass emerges from its status as sensory untouchable to become the motor-booty. nose and trunk. As well as being the anchor which weights the mixadelic arrangement. light synched to sound until it entrains the brain into the blinding realization that 'We are the Light. a motorbike powering the track. With Sly and the Family Stone. in which the bass takes over from the guitar so the low end plays the high end. Parliament is full of desperate warnings against disco's superior cloning capacities. Synthetic bass suckulates . makes its escape from the rest of the body. As a homeopathic agent. '" I'm gonna add some bottom so that the dancing just don't end . sinking holes in your ears and sucking out the balance mechanism . There 's an awkward pause after the stunned elongation of 'down '. immediately alters the sensorial hierarchy demanded by The Pop Song. dragging your neck into its boneless maw.' Instead of an inert lump of bass . Worrell's mutant Moog is radioactive plasma. Instead his bass swaps functions with Worrell 's Moog synth. former child prodigy and New England Conservatory-trained Bernard Worrell becomes the latest Afronaut to land on the Moog. the new Funkencyclo-p-dia term for a sound which both sucks and p'ustulates . Graham's fuzz bass distorts the low end so it powers into the lead sound . The ass stops being the behind. the Clintonian reversal reaches runaway point .08[150) 08[151) that Cool demands. issues an alarming logorrhoea. ' The chorus is a loop of operatic Yiddish . reorganizing the shape of The Song in space. my fuzztone is a little box you step on . Flashlight's voices are double-backwards tapes . perpetually pulsating from globules to strobing mayday signal . it now extrudes spinal textur-r-r-iffs . is surgically amputated in an assendectomy.thereby sliding solid ground from under you . Moog becomes a slithering cephalopod tugging at your hips. heaving and contracting along your intestines .38 Flashlight 12 mix . Landing on the Moog whatcha gonna do without your ass? Sun Ro Scramble the Human Security System This reversal of sound. Flashlight is the dreamvision of synthetic rhythm. unnerves the bodyshape presumed by Pop . a low-end glutamate that reverses the gravity of the Parliament universe. the underwater bass of Aquaboogie. See. There 's no ground in Bootsy's amplified physics .

There are many periodicities superimposed. Stockhausen: 'We are a whole system of periodic rhythm within the body.' Chorus becomes a buoyant choral reef with vowels and consonants now . And all of these together build a very polymeric music in the body. throbbasonic thumpasaurus . The feet that move. Raising Atlantis to the top means amplifying the low end until it becomes a liquid environment. aqua). Worrell's synth fluctuates from spongifoam timbres to inorganic soulclaps. Spacebass pulls spaces and times out from between people. Motor-Booty Affair announces an outer thought of the body in which the brain is a motor function and the booty is a brain . 'Technology automatically causes the language to expand. to be sensualized by all the processes that process you. burble through snorkels in bubbliciouS baritones .' In [You 're a Fish and I'm aJ Water Sign Clinton's frail falsetto longs to be 'on the same side of love as you. Dancing the aquaboogie in liqUid air turns you into an aquanaut on Bimini Row. Myself and I' which makes 3. Psychoalphadiscobetabioaquadoloop. Bringing the deep-sea island into dry shore demands an amphibian mixadelics .' Aqua Boogie is a nu-groove . 'the primal act of pop poetics' in William Gibson's sense . the body. bootyful. the nerves which pulse: all the body counts. The Motor-Booty Affair's seaswaying synths and horn descent lulls you into an Atlantean aquatopia. 'a mystical meeting ground' where 'we can swim through life without a care. instead they gargle. betal.' P'Funk demands post-Cagean omniattentiveness. describes the parallel processes that P'Funk induces.08(152) 08(153) lurches and wrongfoots you. tricks expectation so you miss the next step on a staircase. mental states [alpha. I is a population and you are a crowd.' Striations of Bubblemoog and Bootsy 's aquaw-wwobble bass draw you inside the gigantic gulps of a superaqualung. The chorus loops the loop into 'A motion picture underwater starring both of you. the hips which swivel in time. kneading it into new processes . The floor slips from under your feet . I isn't merely another in the 19th C Rimbaudian sense. The suffixes describe p'hysical states [p 'sycho. environments [disco. Hydronauts in Aquatopia different pitches of bubbles. I is an alien which helps me 'to sleep'. Symbiopsychotaxiplasm: Seen III Took 4 Aqua Boogie's subtitle. To get funked up is to acclimatize yourself to the endless complexification of these states . flips over above your head. De la Soul equated the multiplex self as 'just Me. from very fast to very slow ones. lexical synaesthetes extrapolating universes from a grain of sound . occurs at an extreme rate. It activates the numbering capability of the big brain. you can dance underwater and not get wet. Voices don 't sing. With Parliament . easing psychosensory tension in a new flowmotion. Parliament are neologists. sucking your booty up into a low end above your head . the magic number of You. Assquake in outerspace. an impossible navigation through the audiosocial. '78 's Motor-Booty Affair draws the listener down into an Atlantis which Parliament 's hydronauts want to 'raise to the top'. Cosmogenesis at 33-3 . through aqualungs. Aquabass draws you down into an aquaboogie in zero G. new sensory lifeforms: suckulate . Neologic . As Pedro Bell explains. The split between I and me makes a friend of psychosis . from abrupt trebles to waning strobes of an emergency signal. Atlantis demands the artificial evolution of an nth-generation aquafunk. bioI. Splicing tape alters space.' putting pressure on language. Rhythm Arrangements decompress you into the hyperrhythmic levels of the biocomputer. You're cradled by Walter 'Junie' Morrison's aqua lunged croon: 'With the rhythm it takes to dance through what we have to live through. the head which nods .

Blade Runner. Soul traditionally identifies with the Israelites. they back there in the past . he breaks not only with gospel tradition but also with Trad future-slave narratives: Planet of the Apes. Sun Ra is the End of Soul.. the future over the past. Terminate the Slave Revolt on Planet Rock Sun Ra looks down on humans with the inhuman indifference and [Dialogues Concerning] New World System Builders: Sun Ra The Impossible attracts me. it's Ra that wants the Brother from Another Planet genetically tagged and bodybagged . by seceding from America : ' I ain 't part of America. 'cause I knew I impatience of a Plutonian Pharaoh. with Taylor from Planet of the Apes. the oral tradition is no Glorious Heritage. there's hope for all of us. Far from being the enduring spirit of affirmation. black people . of the genocidal virtuality of the Middle Passage. In his MythScience systems. they're out of tune with the universe. Infatuation with the Despotic But Ra identifies with the Pharaohs.09[154] 09[155] SYNTHESIZING THE OMNIVERSE was not like them . I left everything to be me. Rather than identify with the replicants . the ancient oppressors. 'It 's after the End of the World . Brother from Another Planet. the entire Civil Rights project. from a parallel future . The '72 movie Space is the Place sees Ra at his most PharaoniC . Since they don 't have money. because everything possible has been done and the world didn't change Sun Ra The Break with Deliverance Underlying Southern gospel. soul. But otherwise the death sentence upon this planet still stands. the alien over human . He 's the Tyrell Corporation's unseen director. Ra is more likely to dispatch bladerunners after the Israelites.' The Posthuman Soul affirms the Human . Ancient Egyptians arrive from the AlterDestiny. the soul heritage is the mnemotechnics of enforced dematerialization. with soul's aspirational deliverance. Don't you know that yet? ' . a past that somebody manufactured for 'em. Ancient Africans are alien Gods from a despotic future . the replacement of God by a Pharaonic Pantheon . For Sun Ra. is the Christian ethic of universal love. flanked by the figures of Horus and Anubis. he observes : 'The people have no music that is in coordination with their spirits . Alien Nation. They went another way. Not like Black or white. He desires to be alien. I ain't part of black people . it's not their history. in favour of posthuman godhead. it's merely the songs slaves were allowed to sing in the concentration-camp universe of 18th C America . the slaves ' rebellion against the Egyptian Pharaohs . Everyone must die. Driving through poor areas of downtown Oakland . Sun Ra breaks violently with Christian redemption . this despotic alien from an Other Plane of There. Black people are carefully supervised so they'll stay in a low position.' As space vocalist June Tyson intones. It 's not their past.. the despots . by emphasizing Egypt over Israel . not like Americans . they don 't have anything. As the composer despot. Because of thiS. If the Planet takes hold of an AlterDestiny. Ra is disgusted with the Human .

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The War in Time In the 20S , jamaican activist Marcus Garvey, the 'Black Moses ', named his

shipping fleet Black Star Liners, to plug the notions of repatriation , of return to the patria , the fatherland, into that of interplanetary escape. Ra zooms this lost Africa into a lost Pharaonic Egypt . By reversing this lost African Egypt out of the past, and fastforwarding it out into the interstellar space of Saturn and Plutonia, Ra swaps Garvey's politics of secession, radical at a point when imperial capital demanded reserves of black labour, for a MythScience system assembled from George M. james ' New Philosophy of African Redemption in '54 'S Stolen Legacy. Stolen Legacy is realworld sci fi in which Egyptian MythSystems are stolen , disguised and sent back into the past to prevent an African , . American future ever happening. Back in '40, Walter Benjamin was forecasting a War in time where ' even the dead will not be safe' from ' the enemy ' if he wins . This anachronic zone is later photofilmed by Chris Marker as La Jetee. By '64, Frantz Fanon glimpses a 2nd War in Time where a Terminator 'turns to the past of the oppressed people and distorts, disfigures and destroys it.'
Egyptillogic For james , African ,. American history is nothing but white mythology.

If you launch from 1847 to 152:5, you launch the missile not into the future but backwards. Now you were disrupting time as the timetables. You had time versing time
Rammellzee
History Is a Paranoid Madman

Turning to history becomes a moral duty in an endless war against miseducation. Finding continuities in the past or retentions back to the West Coast of Africa becomes an imperative of self-knowledge , from james to Fanon to KRSI. If the war in time is a Forever War, then all the troops have to be stationed there all the time . It 's no surprise when the soldiers go awol. Who are they fighting for? The folks back home? What if time isn 't a besieged trench on a Forever War, but an indeterminate situation : 'What if history was a gambler, instead of a force in a laboratory experiment'? What if history isn 't 'a reasonable citizen' but Ralph Ellison 's 'madman full of paranoid guile'? 50S America is an unending nightmare, an endless Night of the Living Dead in which 19th, 18th and 17th C stereotypologies stalk the disunited States, squatting brains , securing allegiance to coffins . The dead refuse to die.
A Visitor from Another Meaning

Egypt is both outside history and a corrective to history, a benign despotic state, the hydraulic slave state , the ruins of a resplendent heliopolis . It is Apartheid America in reverse . Fanon calls up an onscreen memoryfile and gazes at the image of a 'very beautiful and splendid era '. Its existence, he suggests , catalyses 'an important change in psychoaffective equilibrium ' which 'rehabilitates us.' The Egypt that james bUilds is a despotic paradise , mirror image of America 's apartheid delirium . The West is just a side-effect : this byproduct , this usurping parasite of the Egyptian 's archaic blueprint . Reprogramming white mythology from the operating system upwards leads into philological labyrinths , the maze of MythSystems . Stolen Legacy triggers the Egyptillogical Sonic Fiction of Earth Wind and Fire . Flip to the back cover of Shuzei Nagaoka 's artwork for '79 'S I Am and there 's the Egyptillogical landscape lit in the glaucous redlight of Dali-ized nuclear mysticism. Mushroom clouds hover in the background; Pharaonic rock statues sit next to Babylonian ziggurats powered by lines above Fuller domes ; transport grids run through temples built by D. W. Griffiths for his film Intolerance. Elizabethan ships crash over waterfalls; UFOs circle lazily.

Away from alienation. Into the arms of the alien: 'I'm not a human . I never called anybody mother. The woman who's supposed to be my mother I call other momma. I never call nobody mother. I never call nobody father.' Stockhausen: ' It 's an inner revelation that has come several times to me, that I have been educated on Sirius , that I come from Sirius .' Likewise, Ra maintains he was born on Saturn. This blatant impossibility becomes the precondition of Ra 's outer thought, the threshold which opens out into the new world of MythScience. Everything he composes , from '56 to '93, exacerbates this impossibility, extends it across 200 albums to eclipse everyday reality : 'The Impossible is the Watchword of the Greater Space Age ,' he announces in '60 . 'The Space Age cannot be avoided and SPACE MUSIC is the key to understanding the meaning of the IMPOSSIBLE and every other enigma.'

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The Mothership and the Fathership are coming for me. Come and snatch me, motherfuckers! Take me away for a little while
01' Dirty 8ostord<>Osiris

Jazz becomes the platform for Supersonic Fictions, for cosmopolitan possibility spaces: 'In Brain ville, I envision a city whose citizens are all intelligent in mind and action . Every principle used in governing this city is based on Science and Logic. Musicians are called Sound Scientists and Tone Artists. Yes, Brainville is a wonderful city and we like the thought of it.'
The Possibility Space of Outer Thought

Basic Instructions for Leaving Earth

To listen to Ra is to be dragged into another sonar system , an omniverse of overlapping sonar systems which abduct you from Trad audio reality. By becoming alien himself, Ra turns you alien . Afro <> American history is white mythology: therefore Ra pursues James ' operating system to its final program : Reject history and mythology. Assemble countermythologies. Assemble science from myth and vice versa. In '72'S Space is the Place, the camera cuts to a girl with afro puffs : 'How do we know you're for real? ' Ra : 'How do you know I'm real? ' Teenagers chorus: 'Yeah .' Ra : 'I'm not real , I'm just like you. You don't exist, in this society. If you did, your people wouldn 't be seeking equal rights.' Camera cuts to girl who smiles with her eyes , until her mouth registers pained recognition. Ra : 'You're not real. If you were , you'd have some status among the nations of the world . So we're both myths. I do not come to you as reality. I come to you as the myth because that 's what black - ' [Camera cuts in close as he holds up a crystal up to his face and stares at itl ' people are , myths. I come from [stressed) a dream that the Black Man dreamed long ago .' Camera cuts to mid shot flanked by Anubis and Horus . Ra : 'I'm actually a present . > presence sent to you by your ancestors.'
The Age of MythScience

Sun Ra 's impossible state as an offworld alien opens up the possibility space of a 3rd-Planet music . Because he listens to Earth from offworld , he gains the satellite's perspective , that point of hearing that Killah Priest grasped when he crooned in '95 that the 'Earth is already in space.' This arkestral perspective , the offworld audition of Spaceship Earth opens the possibility space of the head : ' INSTRUCTION TO THE PEOPLE OF EARTH . You must realize that you have the right to love beauty ... You must learn to listen , because by listening you will learn to see with your mind 's eye. You see , music paints pictures that only the mind's eye can see. Open your ears so that you can see with the eye of the mind .' After Ra, music becomes an Unidentifiable Audio-Object.

We didn't have any models so we had to create our own language. It was based on sound. It wasn't just something you could pick up and physically deal with. Space is a place, and you had to think space
phil cohron Operating System for Spaceship Ea rth

In his '92 Chronicle of Post Soul Black Culture, mainstream critic Nelson George dates the Death of a redemptive and affirmative Soul culture th e one characterized by Civil Rights-era optimism , gospel and Motown to '72, the era of Blaxploitation, the state decimation of Black Power and Nixon's election . But the Arkestra is launched back in '55 . Ra 's posthum an MythScience precedes not only the postsoul era, but many of the all-white futures of the 50S , the pristine towers of Frank R. Paul. MythScience starts with Ra 's ' 55 futuropolis Brain ville, where Jazz prov ides the material for 'a spacite picture of the Atonal Tomorrow '.

As the pilot-composer of the Arkestra, Ra is captain of Spaceship Earth : Destination Unknown. The synthesizer turns the producer into a navigator, moving through fictional space . lannis Xenakis : 'With the aid of electronic computers the composer becomes a sort of pilot : he presses the buttons , introduces coordinates , and supervises the controls of a cosmic vessel sailing in the space of sound , across sonic constellations and galaxies that he could formerly glimpse only as a distant dream.' The Arkestra is this 'cosmic vessel sailing in the space of the sound' , the sonic spaceship which leaves Saturn , travelling to Plutonia , to Nubia, AtlantiS on an Intergalactic Space Travel in Sound . After the Arkestra come the audiovehicles of the 70S : The Upsetter's Black Ark, Creation Rebel 's Starship Africa , Parliament 's Mothership -

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and artist Robert Springett' s Moogship , on the sleeve of Herbie Hancock's '74 Thrust. The Futurist builds conceptual soundcrafts , new arks for exploring unheard soundworlds .
Entering the Synth Race

Whoever controls the synthesizer controls the sound of the future, by evoking the alien . In '70 , Xenakis renames the synthesizer the Sonotron . Every synthesizer is an instrument that emits sonorous particles and generates sonic molecules , a machine which transmits waveforms , firing Sonic Rays , Essr 'ays. In the 50S such protosynths as the Theremin evoked Monsters and the alien . Ra had been turned onto electronics by watching monster movies and hearing the unearthly Theremin . In the 70S disco's synthetic metronomes were attacked as automatic and inhuman , as clones of a superior robotic force . By the late 60S , Ra has already landed on the Moog . The spacerace becomes the synthrace. With the Electronic Jazz of Herbie Hancock, Larry Young et ai, space turns from a 19th C weightless sublime towards a polyrhythmspace shower . In Space is the Place, despite himself, a teenager wants to know: 'Are there any whiteys up there? ' Ra : 'They 're working up there [hesitant! today. They take frequent trips to the moon . I notice none of you have been invited . How do you think you ' re gonna exist? The year 2000 is right around the corner.' The synthrace and the spacerace converge into harmonic progreSSions, which Ra synthesizes into sonotronic propulsion processes : Multiplicity Adjustment , Readjustment Synthesis, Isotope Teleportation , Transmolecularization, Frequency Polarization .
The Technology-Magic Continuum

cosmologies : 'In fact , I've been talking about the omniverse, and that is about a multiplicity of universes .' From Marconi to Tesla to Moog to Ra , electrification opens up a discontinuum between technology and magic . Why a discontinuum instead of a continuum? Because alternating current transmits across gaps and intervals , and not by lineage or inheritance . From now on , Electronic Music becomes a technology-myth discontinuum . Traditional Culture works hard to polarize this discontinuum . Music wilfully collapses it, flagrantly confusing machines with mysticism, systematizing this critical delirium into information mysteries .
The Composer Is a Tone Scientist

Music is the science of playing human nervous systems, orchestrating sensory mixes of electric emotions : the music of yourself in dissonance. Ra hears humans as instruments, sound generators played by the music they listen to. The tone scientist 's role is to engineer new humans through electronics . In his '91 poem I am the Instrument, Ra abstracts the soundmachine into a social machine: ' I am an instrument. But man is an instrument too. The people are an instrument .'
The Rudience Is a Medium

The crowd is an instrument played by electronics, and Ra is an instrument played by the Cosmos . The crowd is synthesized into a new state by electronics. Sinewa ves pass through the medium of the synthesizer, amplification travels through the Arkestra's instruments, through the crowd and then back, in an alternating sonotronic circuit. Dances correspond to constellations , each one a positioning satellite in a navigational astron o my. The Arkestra is an instrument of tone therapy that conducts emotional current through audiences .
MaSonic Scientists in the Rrkestral Monastery

Traditionally, 20th C science sterilizes all myth : myth starts where science stops . But the recording medium acts as an interface between science and myth. Every medium opens up a continuum from technology to magic and back again . Magic is just another name for a future , an asyet unknown medium , a logic identified by both Arthur C. Clarke - 'Any sufficiently advanced technology becomes indistinguishable from magic ' - and Samuel R. Delany : 'At the ma terial level, our technology is becoming more and more like magiC .' Ra 's MythScience extends the technology magic continuum into sound . Concepts cluster into overlapping MythSciences , into new world systems and parallel

Ark + Orchestra = Arkestra . Sun Ra used to tell his tone scientists that their job was not so much to playas to manipul a te tone colours . They colorize a new emotional spectrum , program sensations without names. Discipline is the motor of Space . The Arkestra is an all-male orchestra run as a Military Monastery : 'When the army wants to build men they is olate them. It 's just the case that these are musicians but you might sa y they're marines . They have t o know everything.'

polyrhythm reverberates into a webbed maze . 'Space is a place . Renaissance astronomy becomes a thriving branch of Egyptian god worship . ionospheric disturbance. and I got this weird reverberation. Cosmic tonemagic is what Rhythim is Rhythim's Derrick May will later term a kao-tic harmony: a harmony of spears as much as spheres.' Engines for RudioTravel Every instrument is a sound machine which transmits energy . Machine Genealogist Lewis Mumford presses the Control key on the Assemblage file: ' Only one thing was needed to assemble and polarize all the new components of the megamachine: the birth of the Sun God . thunder drum . With Sun Ra . It drew Thomas 'Bugs ' Hunter.. space gong. Electronic instruments are engines for audio travel : the cosmic tone organ . I was just fooling with it once . The Moog oscillates between shortwave static and whale spume. spiral percussion gong. next to Copernicus. dragon drums . rocket takeoff and squealing string sections . with Kepler. a treacherous rhythmshower that compels you to supply a stabilizing beat. pied piper panic . About the void . and feed it into another input. percussapella turns into a labyrinth . all these transmit through the patch bay of the Moog in an interstellar tsunami. the solar piano. as he answers : ' MUSic. Ionosphere '72 'S Astro Black uses electronics as an aerial to tune into the ionosphere until the sound spectra of the universe become audible . pitched so high they turn into emergency sirens. Galileo . the polyrhythmaze replace harmony. It blew his mind! By working the volume of the output on the playback I could control the effect. with soft hesitation. the Jupiterian flute .' On the cover of '65 'S The Heliocentric World of Sun Ra Vol 2.. The polyrhythmaze was AutoCatalysed by an Ampex taperecorder. an offscreen voice asks: 'What is the power of your machine?' Jumpcut to Sun Ra framed against a blue backdrop . '72 'S Astro Black Mythology is assembled from transchronic inputs : Egypt . Electromagnetic storms. Europe. Everybody 's supposed to be playing their part in this vast arkestry of the cosmos. crashing though the geomagnetic field . Egyptian sun bells . acting as an astrotherapy to heals the mind 's internal empires . Egyptian MythSystems abduct the Christian universe. Tycho Brahe and Kepler. Electronics amplifies the archaic Pythagorean system in which the cosmos is a correspondence of harmony and number . Percussion is the multi time generator. pulsar frequencies . an elaboration: 'This music is all part of another tomorrow. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus officiating as accoucheurs.09[162] 09[163] Enterplanetary Koncepts Ra uses electronics to generate a pantheistic cosmology. Radio transmissions . It 's the music of the Sun and the Stars .' In '72 'S Space is the Place. the Solar sound organ . the bottomless pit surrounding you. The polyrhythmaze volatizes the weightless zero of traditional space music with the perpetual motility and runaway complexity of molec ular In Adventure Equation. I thought he might be mad .. the astro space organ. all this Cosmic sound is materialized through the Moog. Fields of percussion that distribute the beat into slipsliding turbulence . By travelling back in time and inserting himself into the 16th C. ' . white noise and meteor showers .' Arkestral trumpeter Phil Cohran argued. drop it out. Polyrhythmazes rhythm . Bass is bowed into drone textures that mirror and mutate foghorn flock and bassoon honk.but he loved it. Percussion scrambles time and transmolecularizes space . make it fast or slow.' Calmly. the endless void . NASA test patterns and crashing metal . Speaking things of blackness. And in the 16th C. Copernican heliocentricity is turned into European sunworship. satellite signals. Astro Black throws you into the squall and squeal of horns . solar bells.. cosmic side drum . the doppler shift of lightning arcing through space. quasar emissions . Nubia . sun harp . Their cosmology serves Ra's ends . You 're all instruments . all the spheres harmonize. generating white noise . This agitation results from rethinking Space as polyrhythm and paradox . Bass clarinet becomes a sinister sidewinder. sky tone drums. Throughout Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy. confounds the space between sounds with the shapes of sound . Rhythm multiplies and perplexes . the new Sun God was born . there's an illustration of Ra . 'and you had to think space. the Arkestrarecordist-drummer into its shifting sands : 'I was using an old Ampex 601 or 602 model tape recorder . What it had was this thing where you could take the output of the tape you 'd recorded playing back . I wasn ' t sure what Sun Ra would think of it when he heard it. Black to Comm In Pythagorean MythScience . the rhythmultiplier: solar drum .

The Sleevenotes are signed by john . kaleidoscopic iterations as blue as mother sky. after his death in ' 67. into a single mass of calcified sainthood . for derealizing the realtime of The Song . To look at the front sleeve is to fall through fractalized stained glass into nested formations of spirals within spirals. Electric jazz transports Coltrane back to Earth. For Alice. harps plume like the spume of sperm whales off the Galapagos Archipelago . 'electric media has literally translated' Coltrane into a recording angel. Diana . a miraculous mosaic of ceremonial strings. immediately moral. The inside-sleeve picture shows a lineup that never existed. Remixology is blasphemy for altering the tapes . The Sonic is rendered intrinsically ethical . Evita and Malcolm X. '72'S Infinity amplifies a fictional jazz in which john Coltrane is reborn as Ohnedaruth to play at Alice's celestial spirit-symphony.10[164] 10[165] COSMOLOGY OF VOLUME Remixology is Reincarnation Every Alice Coltrane album intensifies the sanctification process that john started . astringent sax squeals like a pig being skewered . a resurrection technique in which sounds are rematerialized as spirits on tape. passing through a succession of new vibrational universes . transmaterializing him into sonic information . Ohnedaruth [John Coltrane] repaired to a city of shining radiance situated near a point in space where stands a mammoth colossus of three worlds Alice Coltrane Electric Elevation The Cosmic Communications Medium is an Evolution Engine: Alice Coltrane The audience for your art hasn't even been born yet Julian schnabel to Jean /!fiche I Basquiat 'It's like rewriting the Bible! ' For Rashied Ali remixology is blasphemy . Alice uses the medium of Cosmic jazz to artificially evolve john into a series of Electric Gods. But the Living Space Remix is nonetheless devout. Elvis. We are transported electronically and bodily.' Like Bruce Lee . remixology is not heresy but reincarnation. an astralized procession of tamboura drones and chimes. Turbulent tintinnabulation heaves in waves that part like the Red Sea. Marshall McLuhan : 'Electric channels of information have the effect of reducing [or elevating) people to the disincarnate status of instant information . Ali 's aversion to Alice Coltrane 's '72 Living Space [Alice Coltrane Remix] is an index of the reverence petrifying john Coltrane 's reputation and music . . electric ghosts playing phantom jazz in tape space-time . where john becomes a tranesonic force . In a process which begins with her '68 Monastic Trio. but read as Alice .

penultimate in her Galactic jazz Tetralogy. elementals and cosmic materials he used while living on earth . On the sleeve she thanks God for her 'extraordinary transonic and atmospherical power which sent forth illuminating worlds of sound into the aethers of this universe. . the archaiC . solar organ feedback. and Phase 2. and are deeply felt with the heart of the dear Lord. heavy rock drumming and percussion showers . a 9 min 58 second . lighter ethereal body. Her guru Swami Satchadinanda narrates Love is a Sacred Word. String arrangements drown you in sensations of the colossal . She 's cloaked in a kaftan that drapes the studio. ' The Coltrane sunship has spacewrecked in interstellar space.' Celestial Orchestration compression of Cosmic jazz. insinuating tamboura drill . it hurts . it emits a drone like a powerdrill vibrating inside a high level radioactive zone . Solarized by designer Philip Melnick . introducing her A Love Supreme remix . Alice Coltrane is flooded in yet transmitt ing coronas of blazing light. Tulsi's tamboura is a thin wire of sound inserted through your ears . The inner sleeve shows Alice Coltrane crosslegged . Coltrane herself has become Turiya Aparna . Alice Coltrane leaves interstellar space behind for the metagalactic cosmos : 'Andromeda is a supergalaxy in the Universe whose rays extend two billion times brighter and deeper than the light from the sun of our solar system . Her afro burn s in a silver supernova .' Transonic being the next level up from supersonic. Alice renames him Sri Rama Ohnedaruth. supernebulae inside which those galaxies turn. Tamboura Transmitter To Alice. . a powersaw emitting treble ultra-frequencies.10[166) 10[167) cosmic energy . the second in the Galactic Tetralogy. Universal Consciousness starts Phase 3 of cosmic thought. Galaxy in Turiya and Galaxy in Satchadananda expand the energy of Alice <> Turiya and the Swami into stars containing galaxies . The Creator dissolves the ego because his 'embrace is so loving and the bliss from it so extreme. Here jazz is transmolecularized into a Cosmic music that 'embraces cosmic thought as an emblem ' of what john termed Universal Sound . the tamboura tone 'is reminiscent of spherical harmony ' but heard now. arms extended in meditation . tympani. etheric heart in the great cosmic Body of the Lord. Though the weakest in the Tetralogy. mighty Andromeda is the celestial. the nearest to the speed of sound . Universal harmony doesn 't tranquilize . In '7"S World Galaxy. the suffering and sorrows of humanity burn brightly and profusely everyday. On the cover. harp . which he no longer has a use for now that he presently moves and works in a finer . her head sinks back into a halo of her hair. john is being synthetically spiritualized into a studio deity: 'Before Ohnedaruth 's initiation where he received the name of Sri Rama. a human satellite dish ready to receive .. first in the Galactic jazz Tetralogy. Amplified . his astral globule manifested in my being for my use expressly in music . the tamboura is a fork that tunes her en semble into a universe of spherical harmony. Alice Coltrane with Strings transmutes jazz into a celestial symphony. After Phase " Coltrane 's Energy Music . Inside this magnificent super structure of spiralling stars. Alice renames herself Turiya Aparna .atomic. On Sita Ram. Transonic Energy Field In '7"S Universal Consciousness. celestial strings saturating the soundfield : a visitation from Stravinsky delivers excerpts from The Firebird. It is the same container of gross. the human body can in no way withstand this . Oludumare is now an electric Sun around whom a galaxy turns . the god whose name means Universe World Compassion. avalanche of harps . ' By Lord of Lords. the ceremonial. In the metagalactic cosmos . her face wracked by the raptures of creation. Alice conducting a 24-piece string section playing organ . Galaxy around Oludumare means that the electric energy of john . Lord of Lords has the most lavish arrangements. rays of amplified Op Art like Bridget Riley 's '62 Phase. On Andromeda 's Suffering. the primary substance composing matter and spirit Alice Coltrone Galactic Tetralogy<>Jazz Deification In '72'S Lord of Lords. his theories of Universal Sound .

it anachronizes you . from John's '66 Cosmic Music. It becomes an Evolution Engine that masters the maker. The chart John designed was a musical one with 12 tones correlating to the 12 zodiacal signs . taking modal things from it. The universe begins in sound .' Coltrane explained in the Sleevenotes to her '68 debut A Monastic Trio. stretch the sun line to the clouds. In her Galactic Tetralogy. '68 's A Monastic Trio. the metagalactic . IslamiC. jazz disappears into the acoustic calm of harp . Therefore new sound engines can amplify new universes into resonance. The cosmos is an infinity of endlessly reverberating vibrations . By atomizing jazz into sonic matter. the calm of the razed ruin .taking scales from it. the jazz composer becomes the electric transmitter . recording becomes a primaudial technology. ' He was doing something from a map he drew . when all music . On the other side is a polytheistic swastika. the etheric. while The Ankh of Amen Ra sustains solar strata across which fuzz flares and flickers . Each album crosses a threshold of the transonic. Coltrane turns the organ into a solar engine . silver faces reversed like Nagasaki shadows . The electrified organ floods you in sensations of ceremonial solemnity. ' . Long-distance telecom systems intensifies sensations of imminent Revelation . On the outside of Cosmic Music John stares from a blasted globe. Ascension into Astro Jazz On the first release after John 's death . drums and bass on Oceanic Beloved and Atomic Peace. Her lead instrument is the organ pedal. Violins.10[168] 10[169] she is a vector. stratospheric organ chords that open a horizon in the ear. Christian godheads . On Universal Consciousness. its centre a numinous red. 50S widescreen Biblical epic pitchbent into Bollywood tones . the galactic. the Universal Sound will harness the impact of splitting atoms . generating sheets of feedback. a further earth exploration Ameer 8araka Cosmic Music Is a Mystic System The Conceptechnics of Primaudial Technology With Alice Coltrane . Alice forecasts a Nuclear Sublime: ' I do wish for the day though . wrenching the calm into a perplexing tsunami. John Coltrane is what Techno Animal term the Mighty Atom Smasher. jazz becomes turbulence. The right hand side of Byron Goto's gatefold sleeve shows him in pensive Thinker mode . Coltrane uses organ pedals to sustain a radioactive bassdrone that peals off into bursts of rapid-ear funk . Like a Bronx accent in Bethlehem BC.' I am looking for a universal sound John Coltrane Her startling title track Universal Consciousness doesn 't so much update the archetypal Hollywood 50S score as archaize it even further . Galactic Jazz is a satellite dish. harp . Coltrane uses the organ bass pedals until the organ hums like a sublevel powerstation . Nuclear Mysticism For jazz to become a Universal Sound it has to become an elementary science . solarized figures in suits . percussion are sucked upwards. Celestial strings invests the Biblical sublime with a sudden seriousness . surrounded by a troposphere of mushroom clouds. In Hare Krishna . wind chimes . On the back is a solar sphere . a navsat for receiving-transmitting energies . when Alice immediately renamed him Ohnedaruth the Mystic . After the planetary explosion. The inside sleeve of the collaborative Cosmic Music shows John dwarfed against the planet reversed into negative : 'He always felt that sound was the first manifestation in creation before music . Om Allah opens with a My Fair Lady-type violin duet with bowed bass descents . Wars of Armageddon generates a tower of dub across which sheets of distortion shatter. These rhythms are brushes in rotary motion . Martin Luther King . The cadence and cascades of Atomic Peace are the aftermath of the roaring squall of The Sun. the cosmicuniversal . combining Buddhist. of angels on fire. that manufactures electronic souls . all phases of music under their various names and forms are transmuted and sublimed. Amplification plus orchestration = cosmic communications medium . cymbal shimmering intermittence. Amplification expa nds the spectrum of tra nquility. Monastic Trio 's Atomic Peace is like the hush that falls on blasted cities . the regal procession of swaying paladins.sort of like a globe .

releasing tension through counter-tension . and various fields of energy. 'a complex theory of energy playing' conceptua lized by Shepp and Pharoah Sanders . build towards planes when all the horns synch in a powersurge . overhauled and reassembled. the vertical energy of holy noise. sound blocs pulverize each other.' Coltrane hears jazz as a tonal communication medium. As A. The john Coltrane Orchestra 's 3 tenor saxes. As an Energy Music drummer told Sidran. As Sidran realizes .' Sanders' music even created an 'energy field' that made the drummer levitate. which makes you feel like you're having a revelation .' By doubling all horns .a controlled explosion. he was praying. this 'p lexus of voices' is designed 'to empty his audience's spiritual reservoir' until 'your nervous system has been dissected . like those on Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz or Egyptian Empire's The Horn. It's just self organizing. We're getting ready to leap off an d wake these people up. feel that he was hovering 's ix inches off the floor'. 'Coltrane's stress on inner strength on the liner notes of his A Love Supreme album' becomes an energetics of sound. linguistic structures . Miles was able to create the ensemble effect utilizing modes. drums.' In '65 Coltrane listens to john Gilmore from the Arkestra . Archie Shepp theorised the breakthrough into a unified energy field: 'Most of the playing is about energy and sound. draining the spiritual reservoirs Spellman perceived.' immediately condensing Manuel De Landa's explanation of LSD's neurochemical processes: 'When you trip you liquefy structures in your brain. Ascension's surges. As Sidran observed . piano amplifies jazz into a sunship powered by the hydraulic engine of lungpower. Afterwards he declares: 'I perceived the interrelationship of all lifeforms. Energy Music is a mind.' . 'When john Coltrane was playing. They acquire a less viscous consistency and your brain becomes a supercomputer. You can hear in the saxophones especially. meets Ra. In the Sleevenotes to Ascension. john gave it the dimension of energy and created blocs of sound. 2 basses. Shepp drew an analogy to 'what the action painters do in that it creates various surfaces of color which push into each other. takes LSD 25 in the Fall. Information rushes into your brain. creates tens ions and counter tensions. Detonated in the controlled conditions of your room. it promotes a new humanism founded on destruction Sylvere lotringer Jazz during the Pax Atomica john Coltrane's '65 Ascension (Version 11 is Atomic Age jazz . 2 trumpets. massing energy peaks. the belching exhaust fumes of a colossal rocket as it tilts into the air like a vertical city. Kiyoshi Koyama: Coltrane: What would you like to be ten years from now? I would like to be a saint Coltrane Liquid Computer: John Coltrane Amplification is sacred.' At 4 mins into Side 2.' Blaring sonic matter i s dredged up. 2 alto saxes. driven by cymballic explosions which level out into the plateau phase of a new psychoaffective state.' The volume of doubled percussion drew them into energy fields. reaching for sound and an exploration of the possibilities of sound.10[170) 10[171) Nuclear death gives us back a mythology on the universal level. flooding the barriers of cool until emotion gushed. body and soul bomb that melts down psychic armour. Energy music entails an awakening of the world: 'We're taking them with us. intentional structures. But no one is revealing anything to you. it's not so much listened to as withstood. an atomic detonation blast sustained and intensified over 2 sides. this implies a new jazz consciousness in which the sax becomes 'an instrument which can create the initial thought patterns that can change the thinking of people. It's happening by itself. As Ben Sidran realized immediate ly. Spellman pointed out.' Turning jazz into Energy Music meant the exploration of 'textures rather than the making of an organizational unity. 'We are getting to the point where we can make the audience laugh or cry or scream. As harrowing as the thought of skin flayed alive by the backdraft of the Nagasaki bomb . B.

At 10. You 're inside the storm. then Volume is Holy and Noise is a Blessed State. This in turn created new anticipations in the listener and musicians began likening this new feeling to "freedom ". At 12. The John Coltrane Orchestra is a sono-spiritual generator. squabbles. Bassist Art Davis heard more in this metamorphic effect: 'I always thought using two basses sounded like an African water drum. Shooting the Sun with a Miniature Sextant: Pharoah Sanders Navigational Alignment With the 30-min doomsday decree of Out of this World from '66's Live in Seattle and the merciless monotony of Saturn. which is 'a musical one with 12 tones correlating to the 12 zodiacal signs . For Alice Coltrane and Sanders none of the future. Mars. It means God. Bowing violin . percussion rills . it means peace . eerie sax echoes a Sun Ra tremolo . becomes a giant steam-powered sunship heaving its ghastly bulk into lift-off. ' Close-miking expands the noise spectrum into the quietude of meditational jazz. a desolate calm . Coltrane's multiphonic overdrive already demanded extrahuman breath cycles . I make all things clean . Ohmm Ohmm. > cosmic interface . Sometimes we 'd sound more like two members of a string quartet than bassists. Capricorn Rising . Om is a serenade to Ohm. Ascension and Kule Se Mama . crackling with the instant archaism of primaudial sound: the transient tones of bell trees . drawing out vowels. Om draws breath up from the diaphragm in an autoinspiration that turns the body into a human resonating chamber. forehears the masterplan in an act of clairaudience. I am Ohm. forlorn and dying. assailed by screes of SonoMatter.55 when the sound blisters.' O*hm Sweet O*hm up to a Universal Sound. Sanders and Coltrane overdrive the tenor sax. the frequency which Coltrane uses to tune into the Om state: ' Om' is the Hindu access code to the sonic origin of the universe. the Orchestra chant 'Om. Bass clarinet insinuates snake tones. Energy MUSic becomes Universal Sound which makes audible the cosmic order. guttural. As his protege Sanders insisted: 'It is the most powerful word in the universe. this amplified lysergic equation generates Energy Music . Universal Sound needs an operating system like the chart Coltrane designs . At 13. By the final chant. the Mantra . John Coltrane reactivates the predestination of astrology. Sanders ' astrological tracks .induce the sense of vast planetary bodies moving slowly into fateful conjunction.07. Constellations preprogram futures .14. On John 's '65 Om.' Tomorrow every Afronaut and every hippie wakes Astrology assumes a human . Venus and jupiter on '67's Interstellar Space. lowing sounds: unlocatable texture swoops and tumbles just like the hornets of a Sun Ra synth tone . cymballic sussuration. The group becomes an Om medium. Astrological Consciousness John Coltrane engineers the Sonic Design for the Afronaut and the hippie . building tension in waves that contract and release until you feel astralized. a remote-distance link-up betwee