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HIGHLAND TOWERS TRAGEDY

HIGHLAND TOWERS TRAGEDY

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Published by: Wan HoraHora HuruHara on Apr 01, 2011
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09/30/2013

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HIGHLAND TOWERS

TRAGEDY

GROUP MEMBER       MOHD ZAIHA BIN HASHIM       SX095089MMD04 SX091292MMJ04 SX095273MMD04 SX095784MMD04 SX055638MMD03 SX095820MMD04 MOHD SAFWAN BIN ISHAK IZZUAN AZMI BIN ZAINAL ABIDIN SAMSUL AZHAR BIN BAHAROM SHAH MOHD FAIRUS BIN MOHD HASHIM MOHD SAIFIFI BIN RAMLI .

35pm Block 1 collapsed 48 died Dark history in construction industry of Malaysia .Background of Tragedy      3 blocks of 12 storey condominium in Hulu Kelang Began construction in 1974 11 Dec 1993 at 1.

Chronology of Tragedy  Before 1964  Application by the Highland Properties Sdn Bhd for project proposal  1964 JPBK Selangor began evaluation  KL District Office approved the proposal   1974  Construction began by Konsortium Jurubina Perunding .

CF issued  Residents started moving in  . Certificate of Fitness (CF) issued  Residents started moving in   1981 Completion of Block 2. CF issued  Residents started moving in   1992 Completion of Block 3.Chronology of Tragedy  1978 Completion of Block 1.

Chronology of Tragedy  1st July 1992 Establishment of Ampang Jaya Municipal Council (MPAJ)  MPAJ accountable over the project   1993  MPAJ issued CF for condominium basement parking construction Resident found crack on roads around the condominium  November 1993  .

search & rescue mission ended Detailed report of tragedy published  13 Dec 1993   22 Dec 1993   1994  .35 pm – Block 1 of the towers collapsed A cabinet committee was formed.Chronology of Tragedy  11 Dec 1993  1. chaired by DPM (DSAI) to solve all issues regarding the tragedy 48 found dead until this date.

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Causes of Tragedy     Tropical climate brings high amount of rain Unsystematic drainage system Topography area of hills. geology and unstable soil-sand mix type that contribute to landslide Design mistakes of concrete wall at the back of Block 1 of the Towers   .

Causes of Tragedy      Bukit Antarabangsa development by MBF & AMFB 150m uphill from the Highland Towers scalped large area of forest Heavy rain forced water to seep into hill soil Cause flood of mud that cracked the roads around the condo Surface water overflow eroded the soil on the slope Soil structure become unstable and resulted slippage and landslide   .

Causes of Tragedy       Supporting wall on the front and rear of the building collapsed and let the slippage occurred easier The slippage weakened the front support of the building Load on rear of the building increased Base of the condo become more unstable and overstressed the front piles of the condo The piles broken. building tilted due to movement of centre of gravity Gradually collapsed on it side .

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Action by Authorities     A cabinet committee chaired by DPM (DSAI) was formed 2 days after tragedy Selangor State Government via MPAJ formed a special investigation unit to determine causes of the tragedy and detailed report published in 1994 Government immediately froze all high-rise project on hillside approval until new policy has been approved All high-rise construction project delayed. while project on construction would continue after submission stability & safety report by consultant .

Action by Authorities      All building over 5 storey on hillside needs safety confirmation from consultant within 6 months All states government froze high-rise construction on hillside project DPM announced that the Federal would draft a new policy regarding development on highland area All highland development project required Environmental Impact Assessment for project Approval Existing act related to highland development amended .

  .Effect and Implication      48 found death Loss and damage of properties Environmental damage of surrounding area Amendments of existing act related to environment Possibilities of decreasing demands over residential on hillsides.

Comment & Suggestion     Rules & Regulation must be made according to new findings due to new discoveries by researchers local and overseas Involved parties should be more concern by ensuring building design. materials used and contractors qualifications meet the specs Approving bodies should consist experts. professionals and personnel with no conflict of interest. A geo-technical team should monitor physical structure of land and construction of high-rise building .

Conclusion .

The increasing demand has driven capitalismminded developer that concern more of profit than human safety on race of highland development project. Some defect politician that profited by overruling calculated decision by engineers and experts to approve project on risky area that destroy environment and our natural watersheds. The construction going fast without slope monitoring by local authorities as developer lobbying for more development on surrounding area .    The tragedy happened not due lack of science and technology instead it happened mainly due to pride of living on hillside as a symbol of luxury.

org/wiki/Tragedi_Highland http://www.hba.hba.org.my/archive/focus/HT/1999 http://www.my/archive/focus/HT/1998 http:// www.com/in-memory-of-the-highlan  .wikipedia.org.budiey.Sources & References     http://ms.

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