H. P Lovecraft
Cthulu Mythos
Collected works


Introduction This is a book that contains stories written by Howard Philips Lovecraft that is believed to be in the public domain and were downloaded from the web. It was not created for profit – only for the purpose of having the stories in a singular location so as to be readily available for reading. The cover image is a ‘doctored’ photo that I took at Saint Kevin’s Monastery, Ireland. The image was altered using the cartoon effect in GIMP. Use it as you wish.


Table of Contents
Notes On Writing Weird Fiction.................................................................................... 1 History of the Necronomicon......................................................................................... 5 At the Mountains of Madness ........................................................................................ 8 Azathoth .......................................................................................................................... 92 Beyond the Wall of Sleep .............................................................................................. 93 Celephais ....................................................................................................................... 102 Cool Air ......................................................................................................................... 107 Dagon............................................................................................................................. 114 Dreams in the Witch-House ....................................................................................... 119 Ex Oblivione ................................................................................................................. 149 Facts Concerning the Late Arthur Jermyn and His Family ................................... 151 From Beyond ................................................................................................................ 159 He ................................................................................................................................... 165 Herbert West: Reanimator .......................................................................................... 174 Hypnos .......................................................................................................................... 199 Ibid ................................................................................................................................. 205 Imprisoned with the Pharaos ..................................................................................... 209 In The Vault .................................................................................................................. 232 Memory ......................................................................................................................... 239 Nyarlathotep................................................................................................................. 240 Pickman’s Model.......................................................................................................... 243 Polaris ............................................................................................................................ 254 The Alchemist............................................................................................................... 258 The Beast in the Cave .................................................................................................. 265 The Book........................................................................................................................ 270 The Call of Cthulhu ..................................................................................................... 273 The Case of Charles Dexter Ward ............................................................................. 298 The Cats of Ulthar ........................................................................................................ 401 The Colour Out of Space............................................................................................. 404 The Descendant ............................................................................................................ 427 The Doom That Came to Sarnath .............................................................................. 430 The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath.................................................................... 436 The Dunwich Horror ................................................................................................... 518 The Evil Clergyman ..................................................................................................... 554 The Festival ................................................................................................................... 558 The Haunter Of The Dark........................................................................................... 566 The Horror at Red Hook ............................................................................................. 586 iv

The Horror in the Museum......................................................................................... 603 1................................................................................................................................... 603 2................................................................................................................................... 614 The Hound .................................................................................................................... 628 The Music OF Erich Zann ........................................................................................... 635 The Nameless City ....................................................................................................... 642 The Other Gods ............................................................................................................ 652 The Outsider ................................................................................................................. 657 The Picture in the House............................................................................................. 663 The Quest of Iranon ..................................................................................................... 670 The Rats in the Walls ................................................................................................... 676 The Shadow Out of Time ............................................................................................ 693 The Shadow Over Innsmouth .................................................................................... 753 The Shunned House .................................................................................................... 807 The Silver Key............................................................................................................... 829 The Statement of Randolph Carter............................................................................ 839 The Strange High House in the Mist......................................................................... 845 The Street....................................................................................................................... 853 The Temple ................................................................................................................... 858 The Terrible Old Man .................................................................................................. 869 The Thing on the Doorstep......................................................................................... 872 The Tomb ...................................................................................................................... 894 The Transition of Juan Romero .................................................................................. 903 The Tree ......................................................................................................................... 909 The Unnamable ............................................................................................................ 913 The Very Old Folk........................................................................................................ 920 The Whisperer in Darkness ........................................................................................ 925 The White Ship ............................................................................................................. 979 What the Moon Brings ................................................................................................ 984 Medusa’s Coil - with Zealia Bishop........................................................................... 986 Out of the Aeons - with Hazel Heald...................................................................... 1020 Poetry and the Gods - with Anna Helen Crofts .................................................... 1042 The Crawling Chaos - with Elizabeth Berkeley..................................................... 1048 The Disinterment - with Duane W. Rimel.............................................................. 1054 The Green Meadow - with Winifred V. Jackson.................................................... 1064 The Horror at Martin’s Beach - with Sonia H. Greene ......................................... 1069 The Last Test - with Adolphe de Castro ................................................................. 1075 The Man of Stone - with Hazel Heald..................................................................... 1117 The Night Ocean - with R. H. Barlow ..................................................................... 1130 The Thing in the Moonlight - with J. Chapman Miske......................................... 1148 The Trap - with Henry S. Whitehead ...................................................................... 1150 The Tree On The Hill - with Duane W. Rimel ....................................................... 1169 Through the Gates of the Silver Key - with E. Hoffmann Price .......................... 1179


Till A’ the Seas - with R. H Barlow.......................................................................... 1210 Two Black Bottles - with Wilfred Blanch Talman ................................................. 1218 Within the Walls of Eryx - with Kenneth Sterling................................................. 1229 At the Root .................................................................................................................. 1253 Cats And Dogs............................................................................................................ 1255 Letter to August Derleth ........................................................................................... 1267 Metrical Regularity .................................................................................................... 1271 The Allowable Rhyme............................................................................................... 1274 The Despised Pastoral ............................................................................................... 1278 An American to Mother England ............................................................................ 1280 Astrophobos................................................................................................................ 1282 Christmas Blessings ................................................................................................... 1284 Christmastide.............................................................................................................. 1285 Despair......................................................................................................................... 1286 Fact and Fancy............................................................................................................ 1288 Festival......................................................................................................................... 1289 Fungi from Yuggoth .................................................................................................. 1290 I. The Book .......................................................................................................... 1290 II. Pursuit............................................................................................................. 1290 III. The Key.......................................................................................................... 1291 IV. Recognition ................................................................................................... 1291 V. Homecoming ................................................................................................. 1291 VI. The Lamp ...................................................................................................... 1292 VII. Zaman’s Hill................................................................................................ 1292 VIII. The Port ...................................................................................................... 1293 IX. The Courtyard .............................................................................................. 1293 X. The Pigeon-Flyers.......................................................................................... 1294 XI. The Well......................................................................................................... 1294 XII. The Howler .................................................................................................. 1294 XIII. Hesperia...................................................................................................... 1295 XIV. Star-Winds.................................................................................................. 1295 XV. Antarktos ..................................................................................................... 1296 XVI. The Window .............................................................................................. 1296 XVII. A Memory ................................................................................................. 1297 XVIII. The Gardens of Yin................................................................................. 1297 XIX. The Bells...................................................................................................... 1297 XX. Night-Gaunts............................................................................................... 1298 XXI. Nyarlathotep .............................................................................................. 1298 XXII. Azathoth .................................................................................................... 1299 XXIII. Mirage ...................................................................................................... 1299 XXIV. The Canal ................................................................................................. 1300 XXV. St. Toad’s ................................................................................................... 1300 XXVI. The Familiars........................................................................................... 1300


XXVII. The Elder Pharos ................................................................................... 1301 XXVIII. Expectancy ............................................................................................ 1301 XXIX. Nostalgia .................................................................................................. 1302 XXX. Background ............................................................................................... 1302 XXXI. The Dweller ............................................................................................. 1303 XXXII. Alienation ............................................................................................... 1303 XXXIII. Harbour Whistles................................................................................. 1303 XXXIV. Recapture .............................................................................................. 1304 XXXV. Evening Star ........................................................................................... 1304 XXXVI. Continuity ............................................................................................. 1305 Hallowe’en in a Suburb............................................................................................. 1307 Laeta; A Lament ......................................................................................................... 1309 Lines on General Robert Edward Lee ..................................................................... 1311 Little Tiger................................................................................................................... 1313 Nathicana .................................................................................................................... 1314 Nemesis ....................................................................................................................... 1317 Ode for July Fourth, 1917.......................................................................................... 1319 On Reading Lord Dunsany’s Book of Wonder...................................................... 1320 On Receiving a Picture of Swans ............................................................................. 1321 Pacifist War Song - 1917 ............................................................................................ 1322 Poemata Minora ......................................................................................................... 1323 Ode to Selene or Diana...................................................................................... 1323 To the Old Pagan Religion................................................................................ 1324 On the Ruin of Rome ......................................................................................... 1324 To Pan .................................................................................................................. 1324 On the Vanity of Human Ambition ................................................................ 1325 Providence................................................................................................................... 1326 Revelation.................................................................................................................... 1328 The Bride of the Sea ................................................................................................... 1330 The Cats ....................................................................................................................... 1332 The City ....................................................................................................................... 1333 The Conscript.............................................................................................................. 1335 The Garden.................................................................................................................. 1337 The House ................................................................................................................... 1338 The Messenger............................................................................................................ 1340 The Peace Advocate................................................................................................... 1341 Epilogue............................................................................................................... 1343 The Poe-et’s Nightmare............................................................................................. 1344 A Fable................................................................................................................. 1344 Aletheia Phrikodes............................................................................................. 1345 The Rose of England .................................................................................................. 1352 The Wood .................................................................................................................... 1353 To Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkelt, Eighteenth Baron Dunsany.............. 1354


Tosh Bosh .................................................................................................................... 1356 Dead Passion’s Flame ........................................................................................ 1356 Arcadia ................................................................................................................ 1356 Waste Paper: A Poem of Profound Insignificance ................................................ 1357 I ............................................................................................................................. 1357 II............................................................................................................................ 1357 III .......................................................................................................................... 1358 IV .......................................................................................................................... 1359 Where Once Poe Walked .......................................................................................... 1361



Notes On Writing Weird Fiction
H. P. Lovecraft
My reason for writing stories is to give myself the satisfaction of visualising more clearly and detailedly and stably the vague, elusive, fragmentary impressions of wonder, beauty, and adventurous expectancy which are conveyed to me by certain sights (scenic, architectural, atmospheric, etc.), ideas, occurrences, and images encountered in art and literature. I choose weird stories because they suit my inclination best - one of my strongest and most persistent wishes being to achieve, momentarily, the illusion of some strange suspension or violation of the galling limitations of time, space, and natural law which forever imprison us and frustrate our curiosity about the infinite cosmic spaces beyond the radius of our sight and analysis. These stories frequently emphasise the element of horror because fear is our deepest and strongest emotion, and the one which best lends itself to the creation of Nature-defying illusions. Horror and the unknown or the strange are always closely connected, so that it is hard to create a convincing picture of shattered natural law or cosmic alienage or “outsideness” without laying stress on the emotion of fear. The reason why time plays a great part in so many of my tales is that this element looms up in my mind as the most profoundly dramatic and grimly terrible thing in the universe. Conflict with time seems to me the most potent and fruitful theme in all human expression. While my chosen form of story-writing is obviously a special and perhaps a narrow one, it is none the less a persistent and permanent type of expression, as old as literature itself. There will always be a certain small percentage of persons who feel a burning curiosity about unknown outer space, and a burning desire to escape from the prison-house of the known and the real into those enchanted lands of incredible adventure and infinite possibilities which dreams open up to us, and which things like deep woods, fantastic urban towers, and flaming sunsets momentarily suggest. These persons include great authors as well as insignificant amateurs like myself - Dunsany, Poe, Arthur Machen, M. R. James, Algernon Blackwood, and Walter de la Mare being typical masters in this field. As to how I write a story - there is no one way. Each one of my tales has a different history. Once or twice I have literally written out a dream; but usually I start with a mood or idea or image which I wish to express, and revolve it in my mind until I can think of a good way of embodying it in some chain of dramatic occurrences capable of being recorded in concrete terms. I tend to run through a mental list of the basic conditions or situations best adapted to such a mood or idea or image, and then begin to speculate on logical and naturally motivated


explanations of the given mood or idea or image in terms of the basic condition or situation chosen. The actual process of writing is of course as varied as the choice of theme and initial conception; but if the history of all my tales were analysed, it is just possible that the following set of rules might be deduced from the average procedure: 1) Prepare a synopsis or scenario of events in the order of their absolute occurrence - not the order of their narration. Describe with enough fulness to cover all vital points and motivate all incidents planned. Details, comments, and estimates of consequences are sometimes desirable in this temporary framework 2) Prepare a second synopsis or scenario of events - this one in order of narration (not actual occurrence), with ample fulness and detail, and with notes as to changing perspective, stresses, and climax. Change the original synopsis to fit if such a change will increase the dramatic force or general effectiveness of the story. Interpolate or delete incidents at will - never being bound by the original conception even if the ultimate result be a tale wholly different from that first planned. Let additions and alterations be made whenever suggested by anything in the for mulating process. 3) Write out the story - rapidly, fluently, and not too critically - following the second or narrative-order synopsis. Change incidents and plot whenever the developing process seems to suggest such change, never being bound by any previous design. If the development suddenly reveals new opportunities for dramatic effect or vivid story telling, add whatever is thought advantageous going back and reconciling the early parts to the new plan. Insert and delete whole sections if necessary or desirable, trying different beginnings and endings until the best arrangement is found. But be sure that all references throughout the story are thoroughly reconciled with the final design. Remove all possible superfluities - words, sentences, paragraphs, or whole episodes or elements observing the usual precautions about the reconciling of all references. 4) Revise the entire text, paying attention to vocabulary, syntax, rhythm of prose, proportioning of parts, niceties of tone, grace and convincingness of transitions (scene to scene, slow and detailed action to rapid and sketchy time-covering action and vice versa… etc., etc., etc.), effectiveness of beginning, ending, climaxes, etc., dramatic suspense and interest, plausibility and atmosphere, and various other elements. 5) Prepare a neatly typed copy - not hesitating to add final revisory touches where they seem in order.


The first of these stages is often purely a mental one - a set of conditions and happenings being worked out in my head, and never set down until I am ready to prepare a detailed synopsis of events in order of narration. Then, too, I sometimes begin even the actual writing before I know how I shall develop the idea - this beginning forming a problem to be motivated and exploited. There are, I think, four distinct types of weird story; one expressing a mood or feeling, another expressing a pictorial conception, a third expressing a general situation, condition, legend or intellectual conception, and a fourth explaining a definite tableau or specific dramatic situation or climax. In another way, weird tales may be grouped into two rough categories - those in which the marvel or horror concerns some condition or phenomenon, and those in which it concerns some action of persons in connexion with a bizarre condition or phenomenon. Each weird story - to speak more particularly of the horror type - seems to involve five definite elements: (a) some basic, underlying horror or abnormality condition, entity, etc. - , (b) the general effects or bearings of the horror, (c) the mode of manifestation - object embodying the horror and phenomena observed , (d) the types of fear-reaction pertaining to the horror, and (e) the specific effects of the horror in relation to the given set of conditions. In writing a weird story I always try very carefully to achieve the right mood and atmosphere, and place the emphasis where it belongs. One cannot, except in immature pulp charlatan-fiction, present an account of impossible, improbable, or inconceivable phenomena as a commonplace narrative of objective acts and conventional emotions. Inconceivable events and conditions have a special handicap to over come, and this can be accomplished only through the maintenance of a careful realism in every phase of the story except that touching on the one given marvel. This marvel must be treated very impressively and deliberately - with a careful emotional “build-up” - else it will seem flat and unconvincing. Being the principal thing in the story, its mere existence should overshadow the characters and events. But the characters and events must be consistent and natural except where they touch the single marvel. In relation to the central wonder, the characters should shew the same overwhelming emotion which similar characters would shew toward such a wonder in real life. Never have a wonder taken for granted. Even when the characters are supposed to be accustomed to the wonder I try to weave an air of awe and impressiveness corresponding to what the reader should feel. A casual style ruins any serious fantasy. Atmosphere, not action, is the great desideratum of weird fiction. Indeed, all that a wonder story can ever be is a vivid picture of a certain type of human mood. The moment it tries to be anything else it becomes cheap, puerile, and


unconvincing. Prime emphasis should be given to subtle suggestion imperceptible hints and touches of selective associative detail which express shadings of moods and build up a vague illusion of the strange reality of the unreal. Avoid bald catalogues of incredible happenings which can have no substance or meaning apart from a sustaining cloud of colour and symbolism. These are the rules or standards which I have followed - consciously or unconsciously - ever since I first attempted the serious writing of fantasy. That my results are successful may well be disputed - but I feel at least sure that, had I ignored the considerations mentioned in the last few paragraphs, they would have been much worse than they are.


History of the Necronomicon
Written 1927 Published 1938 Original title Al Azif — azif being the word used by Arabs to designate that nocturnal sound (made by insects) suppos’d to be the howling of daemons. Composed by Abdul Alhazred, a mad poet of Sanaá, in Yemen, who is said to have flourished during the period of the Ommiade caliphs, circa 700 A.D. He visited the ruins of Babylon and the subterranean secrets of Memphis and spent ten years alone in the great southern desert of Arabia — the Roba el Khaliyeh or “Empty Space” of the ancients — and “Dahna” or “Crimson” desert of the modern Arabs, which is held to be inhabited by protective evil spirits and monsters of death. Of this desert many strange and unbelievable marvels are told by those who pretend to have penetrated it. In his last years Alhazred dwelt in Damascus, where the Necronomicon (Al Azif) was written, and of his final death or disappearance (738 A.D.) many terrible and conflicting things are told. He is said by Ebn Khallikan (12th cent. biographer) to have been seized by an invisible monster in broad daylight and devoured horribly before a large number of fright-frozen witnesses. Of his madness many things are told. He claimed to have seen fabulous Irem, or City of Pillars, and to have found beneath the ruins of a certain nameless desert town the shocking annals and secrets of a race older than mankind. He was only an indifferent Moslem, worshipping unknown entities whom he called Yog-Sothoth and Cthulhu. In A.D. 950 the Azif, which had gained a considerable tho’ surreptitious circulation amongst the philosophers of the age, was secretly translated into Greek by Theodorus Philetas of Constantinople under the title Necronomicon. For a century it impelled certain experimenters to terrible attempts, when it was suppressed and burnt by the patriarch Michael. After this it is only heard of furtively, but (1228) Olaus Wormius made a Latin translation later in the Middle Ages, and the Latin text was printed twice — once in the fifteenth century in black-letter (evidently in Germany) and once in the seventeenth (prob. Spanish) — both editions being without identifying marks, and located as to time and place by internal typographical evidence only. The work both Latin and Greek was banned by Pope Gregory IX in 1232, shortly after its Latin translation, which called attention to it. The Arabic original was lost as early as Wormius’ time, as indicated by his prefatory note; and no sight of the Greek copy — which was printed in Italy between 1500 and 1550 — has been reported since the burning of a certain Salem man’s library in 1692. An English translation made by Dr. Dee


was never printed, and exists only in fragments recovered from the original manuscript. Of the Latin texts now existing one (15th cent.) is known to be in the British Museum under lock and key, while another (17th cent.) is in the Bibliothèque Nationale at Paris. A seventeenth-century edition is in the Widener Library at Harvard, and in the library of Miskatonic University at Arkham. Also in the library of the University of Buenos Ayres. Numerous other copies probably exist in secret, and a fifteenth-century one is persistently rumoured to form part of the collection of a celebrated American millionaire. A still vaguer rumour credits the preservation of a sixteenth-century Greek text in the Salem family of Pickman; but if it was so preserved, it vanished with the artist R. U. Pickman, who disappeared early in 1926. The book is rigidly suppressed by the authorities of most countries, and by all branches of organised ecclesiasticism. Reading leads to terrible consequences. It was from rumours of this book (of which relatively few of the general public know) that R. W. Chambers is said to have derived the idea of his early novel The King in Yellow. Chronology Al Azif written circa 730 A.D. at Damascus by Abdul Alhazred Tr. to Greek 950 A.D. as Necronomicon by Theodorus Philetas Burnt by Patriarch Michael 1050 (i.e., Greek text). Arabic text now lost. Olaus translates Gr. to Latin 1228 1232 Latin ed. (and Gr.) suppr. by Pope Gregory IX 14… Black-letter printed edition (Germany) 15… Gr. text printed in Italy 16… Spanish reprint of Latin text This should be supplemented with a letter written to Clark Ashton Smith on November 27, 1927: I have had no chance to produce new material this autumn, but have been classifying notes & synopses in preparation for some monstrous tales later on. In particular I have drawn up some data on the celebrated & unmentionable Necronomicon of the mad Arab Abdul Alhazred! It seems that this shocking blasphemy was produced by a native of Sanaá, in Yemen, who flourished about 700 A.D. & made many mysterious pilgrimages to Babylon’s ruins, Memphis’s catacombs, & the devil-haunted & untrodden wastes of the great southern deserts of Arabia — the Roba el Khaliyeh, where he claimed to have found records of things older than mankind, & to have learnt the worship of YogSothoth & Cthulhu. The book was a product of Abdul’s old age, which was spent in Damascus, & the original title was Al Azif — azif (cf. Henley’s notes to Vathek) being the name applied to those strange night noises (of insects) which the Arabs attribute to the howling of daemons. Alhazred died — or disappeared


— under terrible circumstances in the year 738. In 950 Al Azif was translated into Greek by the Byzantine Theodorus Philetas under the title Necronomicon, & a century later it was burnt at the order of Michael, Patriarch of Constantinople. It was translated into Latin by Olaus in 1228, but placed on the Index Expurgatorius by Pope Gregory IX in 1232. The original Arabic was lost before Olaus’ time, & the last known Greek copy perished in Salem in 1692. The work was printed in the 15th, 16th, & 17th centuries, but few copies are extant. Wherever existing, it is carefully guarded for the sake of the world’s welfare & sanity. Once a man read through the copy in the library of Miskatonic University at Arkham — read it through & fled wild-eyed into the hills… but that is another story! In yet another letter (to James Blish and William Miller, 1936), Lovecraft says: You are fortunate in securing copies of the hellish and abhorred Necronomicon. Are they the Latin texts printed in Germany in the fifteenth century, or the Greek version printed in Italy in 1567, or the Spanish translation of 1623? Or do these copies represent different texts?


At the Mountains of Madness
Written Feb-22 Mar 1931 Published February-April 1936 in Astounding Stories, Vol. 16, No. 6 February 1936), p. 8-32; Vol. 17, No. 1 (March 1936), p. 125-55; Vol. 17, No. 2 (April 1936), p. 132-50. I I am forced into speech because men of science have refused to follow my advice without knowing why. It is altogether against my will that I tell my reasons for opposing this contemplated invasion of the antarctic - with its vast fossil hunt and its wholesale boring and melting of the ancient ice caps. And I am the more reluctant because my warning may be in vain. Doubt of the real facts, as I must reveal them, is inevitable; yet, if I suppressed what will seem extravagant and incredible, there would be nothing left. The hitherto withheld photographs, both ordinary and aerial, will count in my favor, for they are damnably vivid and graphic. Still, they will be doubted because of the great lengths to which clever fakery can be carried. The ink drawings, of course, will be jeered at as obvious impostures, notwithstanding a strangeness of technique which art experts ought to remark and puzzle over. In the end I must rely on the judgment and standing of the few scientific leaders who have, on the one hand, sufficient independence of thought to weigh my data on its own hideously convincing merits or in the light of certain primordial and highly baffling myth cycles; and on the other hand, sufficient influence to deter the exploring world in general from any rash and over-ambitious program in the region of those mountains of madness. It is an unfortunate fact that relatively obscure men like myself and my associates, connected only with a small university, have little chance of making an impression where matters of a wildly bizarre or highly controversial nature are concerned. It is further against us that we are not, in the strictest sense, specialists in the fields which came primarily to be concerned. As a geologist, my object in leading the Miskatonic University Expedition was wholly that of securing deep-level specimens of rock and soil from various parts of the antarctic continent, aided by the remarkable drill devised by Professor Frank H. Pabodie of our engineering department. I had no wish to be a pioneer in any other field than this, but I did hope that the use of this new mechanical appliance at different points along


previously explored paths would bring to light materials of a sort hitherto unreached by the ordinary methods of collection. Pabodie’s drilling apparatus, as the public already knows from our reports, was unique and radical in its lightness, portability, and capacity to combine the ordinary artesian drill principle with the principle of the small circular rock drill in such a way as to cope quickly with strata of varying hardness. Steel head, jointed rods, gasoline motor, collapsible wooden derrick, dynamiting paraphernalia, cording, rubbish- removal auger, and sectional piping for bores five inches wide and up to one thousand feet deep all formed, with needed accessories, no greater load than three seven-dog sledges could carry. This was made possible by the clever aluminum alloy of which most of the metal objects were fashioned. Four large Dornier aeroplanes, designed especially for the tremendous altitude flying necessary on the antarctic plateau and with added fuel-warming and quick-starting devices worked out by Pabodie, could transport our entire expedition from a base at the edge of the great ice barrier to various suitable inland points, and from these points a sufficient quota of dogs would serve us. We planned to cover as great an area as one antarctic season - or longer, if absolutely necessary - would permit, operating mostly in the mountain ranges and on the plateau south of Ross Sea; regions explored in varying degree by Shackleton, Amundsen, Scott, and Byrd. With frequent changes of camp, made by aeroplane and involving distances great enough to be of geological significance, we expected to unearth a quite unprecedented amount of material especially in the pre-Cambrian strata of which so narrow a range of antarctic specimens had previously been secured. We wished also to obtain as great as possible a variety of the upper fossiliferous rocks, since the primal life history of this bleak realm of ice and death is of the highest importance to our knowledge of the earth’s past. That the antarctic continent was once temperate and even tropical, with a teeming vegetable and animal life of which the lichens, marine fauna, arachnida, and penguins of the northern edge are the only survivals, is a matter of common information; and we hoped to expand that information in variety, accuracy, and detail. When a simple boring revealed fossiliferous signs, we would enlarge the aperture by blasting, in order to get specimens of suitable size and condition. Our borings, of varying depth according to the promise held out by the upper soil or rock, were to be confined to exposed, or nearly exposed, land surfaces these inevitably being slopes and ridges because of the mile or two-mile thickness of solid ice overlying the lower levels. We could not afford to waste drilling the depth of any considerable amount of mere glaciation, though Pabodie had worked out a plan for sinking copper electrodes in thick clusters of


borings and melting off limited areas of ice with current from a gasoline-driven dynamo. It is this plan - which we could not put into effect except experimentally on an expedition such as ours - that the coming Starkweather-Moore Expedition proposes to follow, despite the warnings I have issued since our return from the antarctic. The public knows of the Miskatonic Expedition through our frequent wireless reports to the Arkham Advertiser and Associated Press, and through the later articles of Pabodie and myself. We consisted of four men from the University Pabodie, Lake of the biology department, Atwood of the physics department also a meteorologist - and myself, representing geology and having nominal command - besides sixteen assistants: seven graduate students from Miskatonic and nine skilled mechanics. Of these sixteen, twelve were qualified aeroplane pilots, all but two of whom were competent wireless operators. Eight of them understood navigation with compass and sextant, as did Pabodie, Atwood, and I. In addition, of course, our two ships - wooden ex-whalers, reinforced for ice conditions and having auxiliary steam - were fully manned. The Nathaniel Derby Pickman Foundation, aided by a few special contributions, financed the expedition; hence our preparations were extremely thorough, despite the absence of great publicity. The dogs, sledges, machines, camp materials, and unassembled parts of our five planes were delivered in Boston, and there our ships were loaded. We were marvelously well-equipped for our specific purposes, and in all matters pertaining to supplies, regimen, transportation, and camp construction we profited by the excellent example of our many recent and exceptionally brilliant predecessors. It was the unusual number and fame of these predecessors which made our own expedition - ample though it was - so little noticed by the world at large. As the newspapers told, we sailed from Boston Harbor on September 2nd, 1930, taking a leisurely course down the coast and through the Panama Canal, and stopping at Samoa and Hobart, Tasmania, at which latter place we took on final supplies. None of our exploring party had ever been in the polar regions before, hence we all relied greatly on our ship captains - J. B. Douglas, commanding the brig Arkham, and serving as commander of the sea party, and Georg Thorfinnssen, commanding the barque Miskatonic - both veteran whalers in antarctic waters. As we left the inhabited world behind, the sun sank lower and lower in the north, and stayed longer and longer above the horizon each day. At about 62° South Latitude we sighted our first icebergs - table-like objects with vertical sides - and just before reaching the antarctic circle, which we crossed on October 20th with appropriately quaint ceremonies, we were considerably troubled with field


ice. The falling temperature bothered me considerably after our long voyage through the tropics, but I tried to brace up for the worse rigors to come. On many occasions the curious atmospheric effects enchanted me vastly; these including a strikingly vivid mirage - the first I had ever seen - in which distant bergs became the battlements of unimaginable cosmic castles. Pushing through the ice, which was fortunately neither extensive nor thickly packed, we regained open water at South Latitude 67°, East Longitude 175° On the morning of October 26th a strong land blink appeared on the south, and before noon we all felt a thrill of excitement at beholding a vast, lofty, and snowclad mountain chain which opened out and covered the whole vista ahead. At last we had encountered an outpost of the great unknown continent and its cryptic world of frozen death. These peaks were obviously the Admiralty Range discovered by Ross, and it would now be our task to round Cape Adare and sail down the east coast of Victoria Land to our contemplated base on the shore of McMurdo Sound, at the foot of the volcano Erebus in South Latitude 77° 9′. The last lap of the voyage was vivid and fancy-stirring. Great barren peaks of mystery loomed up constantly against the west as the low northern sun of noon or the still lower horizon-grazing southern sun of midnight poured its hazy reddish rays over the white snow, bluish ice and water lanes, and black bits of exposed granite slope. Through the desolate summits swept ranging, intermittent gusts of the terrible antarctic wind; whose cadences sometimes held vague suggestions of a wild and half-sentient musical piping, with notes extending over a wide range, and which for some subconscious mnemonic reason seemed to me disquieting and even dimly terrible. Something about the scene reminded me of the strange and disturbing Asian paintings of Nicholas Roerich, and of the still stranger and more disturbing descriptions of the evilly fabled plateau of Leng which occur in the dreaded Necronomicon of the mad Arab Abdul Alhazred. I was rather sorry, later on, that I had ever looked into that monstrous book at the college library. On the 7th of November, sight of the westward range having been temporarily lost, we passed Franklin Island; and the next day descried the cones of Mts. Erebus and Terror on Ross Island ahead, with the long line of the Parry Mountains beyond. There now stretched off to the east the low, white line of the great ice barrier, rising perpendicularly to a height of two hundred feet like the rocky cliffs of Quebec, and marking the end of southward navigation. In the afternoon we entered McMurdo Sound and stood off the coast in the lee of smoking Mt. Erebus. The scoriac peak towered up some twelve thousand, seven hundred feet against the eastern sky, like a Japanese print of the sacred Fujiyama, while beyond it rose the white, ghostlike height of Mt. Terror, ten thousand, nine hundred feet in altitude, and now extinct as a volcano.


Puffs of smoke from Erebus came intermittently, and one of the graduate assistants - a brilliant young fellow named Danforth - pointed out what looked like lava on the snowy slope, remarking that this mountain, discovered in 1840, had undoubtedly been the source of Poe’s image when he wrote seven years later: the lavas that Their sulphurous currents In the ultimate climes That groan as they roll In the realms of the boreal pole. restlessly roll down Yaanek of the pole down Mount Yaanek

Danforth was a great reader of bizarre material, and had talked a good deal of Poe. I was interested myself because of the antarctic scene of Poe’s only long story - the disturbing and enigmatical Arthur Gordon Pym. On the barren shore, and on the lofty ice barrier in the background, myriads of grotesque penguins squawked and flapped their fins, while many fat seals were visible on the water, swimming or sprawling across large cakes of slowly drifting ice. Using small boats, we effected a difficult landing on Ross Island shortly after midnight on the morning of the 9th, carrying a line of cable from each of the ships and preparing to unload supplies by means of a breeches-buoy arrangement. Our sensations on first treading Antarctic soil were poignant and complex, even though at this particular point the Scott and Shackleton expeditions had preceded us. Our camp on the frozen shore below the volcano’s slope was only a provisional one, headquarters being kept aboard the Arkham. We landed all our drilling apparatus, dogs, sledges, tents, provisions, gasoline tanks, experimental ice-melting outfit, cameras, both ordinary and aerial, aeroplane parts, and other accessories, including three small portable wireless outfits - besides those in the planes - capable of communicating with the Arkham’s large outfit from any part of the antarctic continent that we would be likely to visit. The ship’s outfit, communicating with the outside world, was to convey press reports to the Arkham Advertiser’s powerful wireless station on Kingsport Head, Massachusetts. We hoped to complete our work during a single antarctic summer; but if this proved impossible, we would winter on the Arkham, sending the Miskatonic north before the freezing of the ice for another summer’s supplies. I need not repeat what the newspapers have already published about our early work: of our ascent of Mt. Erebus; our successful mineral borings at several points on Ross Island and the singular speed with which Pabodie’s apparatus accomplished them, even through solid rock layers; our provisional test of the small ice-melting equipment; our perilous ascent of the great barrier with sledges


and supplies; and our final assembling of five huge aeroplanes at the camp atop the barrier. The health of our land party - twenty men and fifty-five Alaskan sledge dogs - was remarkable, though of course we had so far encountered no really destructive temperatures or windstorms. For the most part, the thermometer varied between zero and 20° or 25° above, and our experience with New England winters had accustomed us to rigors of this sort. The barrier camp was semi-permanent, and destined to be a storage cache for gasoline, provisions, dynamite, and other supplies. Only four of our planes were needed to carry the actual exploring material, the fifth being left with a pilot and two men from the ships at the storage cache to form a means of reaching us from the Arkham in case all our exploring planes were lost. Later, when not using all the other planes for moving apparatus, we would employ one or two in a shuttle transportation service between this cache and another permanent base on the great plateau from six hundred to seven hundred miles southward, beyond Beardmore Glacier. Despite the almost unanimous accounts of appalling winds and tempests that pour down from the plateau, we determined to dispense with intermediate bases, taking our chances in the interest of economy and probable efficiency. Wireless reports have spoken of the breathtaking, four-hour, nonstop flight of our squadron on November 21st over the lofty shelf ice, with vast peaks rising on the west, and the unfathomed silences echoing to the sound of our engines. Wind troubled us only moderately, and our radio compasses helped us through the one opaque fog we encountered. When the vast rise loomed ahead, between Latitudes 83° and 84°, we knew we had reached Beardmore Glacier, the largest valley glacier in the world, and that the frozen sea was now giving place to a frowning and mountainous coast line. At last we were truly entering the white, aeon-dead world of the ultimate south. Even as we realized it we saw the peak of Mt. Nansen in the eastern distance, towering up to its height of almost fifteen thousand feet. The successful establishment of the southern base above the glacier in Latitude 86° 7′, East Longitude 174° 23′, and the phenomenally rapid and effective borings and blastings made at various points reached by our sledge trips and short aeroplane flights, are matters of history; as is the arduous and triumphant ascent of Mt. Nansen by Pabodie and two of the graduate students - Gedney and Carroll - on December 13 - 15. We were some eight thousand, five hundred feet above sea-level, and when experimental drillings revealed solid ground only twelve feet down through the snow and ice at certain points, we made considerable use of the small melting apparatus and sunk bores and performed dynamiting at many places where no previous explorer had ever thought of securing mineral specimens. The pre-Cambrian granites and beacon sandstones


thus obtained confirmed our belief that this plateau was homogeneous, with the great bulk of the continent to the west, but somewhat different from the parts lying eastward below South America - which we then thought to form a separate and smaller continent divided from the larger one by a frozen junction of Ross and Weddell Seas, though Byrd has since disproved the hypothesis. In certain of the sandstones, dynamited and chiseled after boring revealed their nature, we found some highly interesting fossil markings and fragments; notably ferns, seaweeds, trilobites, crinoids, and such mollusks as linguellae and gastropods - all of which seemed of real significance in connection with the region’s primordial history. There was also a queer triangular, striated marking, about a foot in greatest diameter, which Lake pieced together from three fragments of slate brought up from a deep-blasted aperture. These fragments came from a point to the westward, near the Queen Alexandra Range; and Lake, as a biologist, seemed to find their curious marking unusually puzzling and provocative, though to my geological eye it looked not unlike some of the ripple effects reasonably common in the sedimentary rocks. Since slate is no more than a metamorphic formation into which a sedimentary stratum is pressed, and since the pressure itself produces odd distorting effects on any markings which may exist, I saw no reason for extreme wonder over the striated depression. On January 6th, 1931, Lake, Pabodie, Danforth, the other six students, and myself flew directly over the south pole in two of the great planes, being forced down once by a sudden high wind, which, fortunately, did not develop into a typical storm. This was, as the papers have stated, one of several observation flights, during others of which we tried to discern new topographical features in areas unreached by previous explorers. Our early flights were disappointing in this latter respect, though they afforded us some magnificent examples of the richly fantastic and deceptive mirages of the polar regions, of which our sea voyage had given us some brief foretastes. Distant mountains floated in the sky as enchanted cities, and often the whole white world would dissolve into a gold, silver, and scarlet land of Dunsanian dreams and adventurous expectancy under the magic of the low midnight sun. On cloudy days we had considerable trouble in flying owing to the tendency of snowy earth and sky to merge into one mystical opalescent void with no visible horizon to mark the junction of the two. At length we resolved to carry out our original plan of flying five hundred miles eastward with all four exploring planes and establishing a fresh sub-base at a point which would probably be on the smaller continental division, as we mistakenly conceived it. Geological specimens obtained there would be desirable for purposes of comparison. Our health so far had remained excellent - lime juice well offsetting the steady diet of tinned and salted food, and temperatures generally above zero enabling us to do without our thickest furs. It was now


midsummer, and with haste and care we might be able to conclude work by March and avoid a tedious wintering through the long antarctic night. Several savage windstorms had burst upon us from the west, but we had escaped damage through the skill of Atwood in devising rudimentary aeroplane shelters and windbreaks of heavy snow blocks, and reinforcing the principal camp buildings with snow. Our good luck and efficiency had indeed been almost uncanny. The outside world knew, of course, of our program, and was told also of Lake’s strange and dogged insistence on a westward - or rather, northwestward prospecting trip before our radical shift to the new base. It seems that he had pondered a great deal, and with alarmingly radical daring, over that triangular striated marking in the slate; reading into it certain contradictions in nature and geological period which whetted his curiosity to the utmost, and made him avid to sink more borings and blastings in the west- stretching formation to which the exhumed fragments evidently belonged. He was strangely convinced that the marking was the print of some bulky, unknown, and radically unclassifiable organism of considerably advanced evolution, notwithstanding that the rock which bore it was of so vastly ancient a date - Cambrian if not actually preCambrian - as to preclude the probable existence not only of all highly evolved life, but of any life at all above the unicellular or at most the trilobite stage. These fragments, with their odd marking, must have been five hundred million to a thousand million years old. II Popular imagination, I judge, responded actively to our wireless bulletins of Lake’s start northwestward into regions never trodden by human foot or penetrated by human imagination, though we did not mention his wild hopes of revolutionizing the entire sciences of biology and geology. His preliminary sledging and boring journey of January 11th to 18th with Pabodie and five others - marred by the loss of two dogs in an upset when crossing one of the great pressure ridges in the ice - had brought up more and more of the Archaean slate; and even I was interested by the singular profusion of evident fossil markings in that unbelievably ancient stratum. These markings, however, were of very primitive life forms involving no great paradox except that any life forms should occur in rock as definitely pre-Cambrian as this seemed to be; hence I still failed to see the good sense of Lake’s demand for an interlude in our time- saving program - an interlude requiring the use of all four planes, many men, and the whole of the expedition’s mechanical apparatus. I did not, in the end, veto the plan, though I decided not to accompany the northwestward party despite Lake’s plea for my geological advice. While they were gone, I would remain at the base with Pabodie and five men and work out final plans for the eastward


shift. In preparation for this transfer, one of the planes had begun to move up a good gasoline supply from McMurdo Sound; but this could wait temporarily. I kept with me one sledge and nine dogs, since it is unwise to be at any time without possible transportation in an utterly tenantless world of aeon-long death. Lake’s sub-expedition into the unknown, as everyone will recall, sent out its own reports from the shortwave transmitters on the planes; these being simultaneously picked up by our apparatus at the southern base and by the Arkham at McMurdo Sound, whence they were relayed to the outside world on wave lengths up to fifty meters. The start was made January 22nd at 4 A.M., and the first wireless message we received came only two hours later, when Lake spoke of descending and starting a small- scale ice-melting and bore at a point some three hundred miles away from us. Six hours after that a second and very excited message told of the frantic, beaver-like work whereby a shallow shaft had been sunk and blasted, culminating in the discovery of slate fragments with several markings approximately like the one which had caused the original puzzlement. Three hours later a brief bulletin announced the resumption of the flight in the teeth of a raw and piercing gale; and when I dispatched a message of protest against further hazards, Lake replied curtly that his new specimens made any hazard worth taking. I saw that his excitement had reached the point of mutiny, and that I could do nothing to check this headlong risk of the whole expedition’s success; but it was appalling to think of his plunging deeper and deeper into that treacherous and sinister white immensity of tempests and unfathomed mysteries which stretched off for some fifteen hundred miles to the half-known, halfsuspected coast line of Queen Mary and Knox Lands. Then, in about an hour and a half more, came that doubly excited message from Lake’s moving plane, which almost reversed my sentiments and made me wish I had accompanied the party: “10:05 P.M. On the wing. After snowstorm, have spied mountain range ahead higher than any hitherto seen. May equal Himalayas, allowing for height of plateau. Probable Latitude 76° 15′, Longitude 113° 10′ E. Reaches far as can see to right and left. Suspicion of two smoking cones. All peaks black and bare of snow. Gale blowing off them impedes navigation.” After that Pabodie, the men and I hung breathlessly over the receiver. Thought of this titanic mountain rampart seven hundred miles away inflamed our deepest sense of adventure; and we rejoiced that our expedition, if not ourselves personally, had been its discoverers. In half an hour Lake called us again:


but shall later. gnawing cold. and Carroll thought they were formed of smaller separate pieces. came another call from Lake: “Up with Carroll over highest foothills. with all weight out. the cache operator. You must come and investigate.“Moulton’s plane forced down on plateau in foothills.M. Wind 17 . and Sherman. at 11 P. Impressive from distance. Most edges crumbled and rounded off as if exposed to storms and climate changes for millions of years. Queer skyline effects . It must have been a good deal the same at McMurdo Sound. Atwood to work out height with theodolite while Carroll and I go up. for Captain Douglas gave out a call congratulating everybody on the important find. Frightful work climbing. hence of evidently crystalline origin. Close flying shows many cave mouths. Flew close to some. Possibly pre-Cambrian slate with other strata mixed in. about the damaged aeroplane. “Odd formations on slopes of highest mountains. Like land of mystery in a dream or gateway to forbidden world of untrodden wonder. Am up twenty-one thousand. in devilish. but hoped it could be easily mended. but worth it.. Whole thing marvelous in red-gold light of low sun. “You can’t imagine anything like this. not one of us listeners thought for a moment of retiring. seem to be of lighter-colored rock than any visible strata on slopes proper. Was wrong about volcanism. and hard going at this altitude. Great low square blocks with exactly vertical sides. Wish you were here to study. for formations look stratified. Goes farther in either direction than we can see. especially upper parts. Height seems about thirty thousand to thirty-five thousand feet. vertical ramparts. Great range fairly solid. with plain signs of many other upheaved strata.” Though it was technically sleeping time. “Parts. Range looks like pre-Cambrian slate. Think I saw rampart squarely on top of one peak. seconded his sentiments. Swept clear of snow above about twenty-one thousand feet. We were sorry. five hundred myself. hence can’t get any glimpses beyond. Don’t dare try really tall peaks in present weather. Everest out of the running. square or semicircular. Probably wrong about cones. and very queer. and rectangular lines of low. Then.regular sections of cubes clinging to highest peaks. where the supply cache and the Arkham were also getting the messages. but nobody hurt and perhaps can repair. Main summits exceed Himalayas. Shall transfer essentials to other three for return or further moves if necessary. Am going up scouting in Carroll’s plane. Highest peaks must go over thirty-five thousand feet. but that is probably weathering. some unusually regular in outline. but no more heavy plane travel needed just now. Mountains surpass anything in imagination. of course. like the old Asian castles clinging to steep mountains in Roerich’s paintings.

strenuousness. and. and he would sink some borings and blasts at that very point before making any sledge trips or climbing expeditions. but if we postponed the easterly trip we would not use it till the next summer. as well as his aeroplane activities. Obviously. The ice sheet was very thin. and it was possible that the eastward flight might not be made. The windswept nature of the terrain clearly disturbed Lake. and the queer state of his sensations at being in the lee of vast. A direct route across the unknown region between Lake and McMurdo Sound was what we really ought to establish. violent beyond anything we had so far encountered. His camp lay a little more than five miles from where the higher foothills rose abruptly. Lake’s boring operations. He spoke of the ineffable majesty of the whole scene. as well as for all the fuel it could carry. since Lake had enough for immediate camp heat and borings. and expressed his intention of climbing some of the peaks on foot.” From then on for another half hour Lake kept up a running fire of comment. new region disposed of as soon as possible. It was agreed that one of Lake’s planes would come to my base for Pabodie. and results. Lake called me later to say that he had decided to let the camp stay where Moulton’s plane had been forced down. for it argued the occasional existence of prodigious gales. 18 . In the morning I had a three-cornered wireless talk with Lake and Captain Douglas at their widely separated bases. after a continuous day’s work of almost unparalleled speed. He was about to rest now. with dark ground here and there visible. would require a great deal for the new base which he planned to establish at the foot of the mountains. and myself. and that Pabodie and I would work out the best gasoline plan . but no flying danger so far. and where repairs had already progressed somewhat. I could almost trace a note of subconscious alarm in his words-flashed across a glacial void of seven hundred miles . could wait for a few days. Eventually the old southern base ought to be restocked.just where and how to concentrate our supply in view of the expedition’s altered character. this season. In connection with this business I called Captain Douglas and asked him to get as much as possible out of the ships and up the barrier with the single dog team we had left there. meanwhile.whistles and pipes through passes and in and out of caves. I replied that I would join him as soon as he could send a plane. Lake must send a plane to explore a direct route between his new mountains and McMurdo Sound. Atwood’s theodolite observations had placed the height of the five tallest peaks at from thirty thousand to thirty-four thousand feet. silent pinnacles whose ranks shot up like a wall reaching the sky at the world’s rim. after all. The rest of the fuel question.as he urged that we all hasten with the matter and get the strange. depending on our decision about an easterly trip. the five men.

and now. and ganoids. A good-sized blast had laid open the subterrene secret. full of minute fossil cephalopods. Most of the rocks glimpsed were apparently Jurassic and Comanchian sandstones and Permian and Triassic schists. since an aeroplane survey of the nearly-exposed rock surfaces showed an entire absence of those Archaean and primordial strata for which he was looking. was important enough. to do some local boring as part of the expedition’s general program. in itself. sharks. with now and then a glossy black outcropping suggesting a hard and slaty coal. I wirelessed that Pabodie and I would be ready for the northwestward move after one day’s work and one night’s rest. whose plans all hinged on unearthing specimens more than five hundred million years older. corals. Owing to a very liberal tent supply. If we wintered in the antarctic we would probably fly straight from Lake’s base to the Arkham without returning to this spot.the acting foreman .Pabodie and I prepared to close our base for a short or long period. but when shortly afterward the drill head dropped through the stratum into apparent vacancy. It was about three hours afterward. Lake had with him all that his base would need. and now we decided to complete the job of making a permanent village. This rather discouraged Lake.rushed into the camp with the startling news. a wholly new and doubly intense wave of excitement spread among the excavators.the latter probably of teleosts. Our labors.. nevertheless. The softest visible rock .M. and which formed so great a part of the colossal peaks that loomed up at a tantalizing distance from the camp. He had resolved. he would have to make a long sledge trip from these foothills to the steep slopes of the gigantic mountains themselves. It was clear to him that in order to recover the Archaean slate vein in which he had found the odd markings. hence he set up the drill and put five men to work with it while the rest finished settling the camp and repairing the damaged aeroplane. and spirifera. Some of our conical tents had already been reinforced by blocks of hard snow. as the case might be. for about that time Lake began sending in the most extraordinary and excited messages. however.a sandstone about a quarter of a mile from the camp . as affording the first vertebrate fossils the expedition had yet secured. and that young Gedney . His working day had started unpropitiously. even after our arrival. following the first really heavy blast of the operation. echini. Early in the boring the sandstone had given place to a vein of Comanchian limestone.had been chosen for the first sampling. and the drill made excellent progress without much supplementary blasting. were not very steady after 4 P. there yawned before the avid searchers a section of 19 . through a jagged aperture perhaps five feet across and three feet thick. that the shouting of the drill crew was heard. They had struck a cave. This. and with occasional suggestions of siliceous sponges and marine vertebrate bones .

fishes. on the evidence of such typical imbedded fossils as ventriculites. amphibians.great and small. and corals as remote as the Silunan or Ordovician. The hollowed layer was not more than seven or eight feet deep but extended off indefinitely in all directions and had a fresh. the free fragments in the hollow space included a surprising proportion from organisms hitherto considered as peculiar to far older periods . elephant. mollusks.even rudimentary fishes. hence Lake concluded that the last deposits had occurred during the Oligocene Age. and other animal species than the greatest paleontologist could have counted or classified in a year. reptiles. this osseous medley contained representatives of more Cretaceous. remnants of labyrinthodonts and thecodonts. great mosasaur skull fragments. the prevalence of very early life forms was singular in the highest degree. dinosaur vertebrae and armor plates. Xiphodons. positively and unmistakably Comanchian and not a particle earlier. and that the hollowed stratum had lain in its present dried. dead. fan palms. and inaccessible state for at least thirty million years. or bovine animal. The inevitable inference was that in this part of the world there had been a remarkable and unique degree of continuity between the life of over three hundred million years ago and that of only thirty million years ago. and no wonder everyone else dropped work and rushed headlong through the biting cold to where the tall derrick marked a new-found gateway to secrets of inner earth and vanished aeons. birds. and early mammals . Washed down from unknown jungles of Mesozoic tree ferns and fungi. Eocene. On the other hand. slightly moving air which suggested its membership in an extensive subterranean system. When Lake had satisfied the first keen edge of his curiosity. and other bones of archaic mammals such as palaeotheres. he scribbled a message in his notebook and had young Moulton run back to the camp to dispatch it by wireless. Though the limestone formation was. primitive bird skulls. true camel. Miocene sharks’ teeth. which in places nearly choked the passage. and forests of Tertiary cycads. deer. Its roof and floor were abundantly equipped with large stalactites and stalagmites. No wonder Gedney ran back to the camp shouting. There was nothing as recent as a mastodon. some of which met in columnar form: but important above all else was the vast deposit of shells and bones. the coming of 20 .shallow limestone hollowing worn more than fifty million years ago by the trickling ground waters of a bygone tropic world. In any event. bones of ganoids and placoderms. and it told of the identification of early shells. crustacean armor. Archaeopteryx debris. known and unknown. and titanotheres. This was my first word of the discovery. pterodactyl teeth and wing bones. Mollusks. Oreodons. How far this continuity had extended beyond the Oligocene Age when the cavern was closed was of course past all speculation. Eohippi. and primitive angiosperms.

of two sorts . find singular local wounds or injuries to bony structure not attributable to any known predatory or carnivorous animal of any period. Question arises when. Am sending to camp for electric torches. One or two cases of cleanly severed bones. Several distinct triangular striated prints like those in Archaean slate. Will extend search area underground by hacking away stalactites. as I suspected. proving that source survived from over six hundred million years ago to Comanchian times without more than moderate morphological changes and decrease in average size. to the organization of that very Starkweather-Moore Expedition which I am so anxious to dissuade from its purposes.” “Still later. that earth has seen whole cycle or cycles of organic life before known one that begins with Archaeozoic cells.greenish. After that Moulton stayed at the wireless in one of the planes.the frightful ice in the Pleistocene some five hundred thousand years ago . wholly unlike any visible local formation .” “Later. Joins up with my previous work and amplifies conclusions. and apparently hacking incisions. Lake was not content to let his first message stand.straight. Examining certain skeletal fragments of large land and marine saurians and primitive mammals. if anything. where.and to the Arkham for relaying to the outside world . when planet was young and recently uninhabitable for any life forms or normal protoplasmic structure. than older ones. Comanchian prints apparently more primitive or decadent. after all these years. Emphasize importance of discovery in press. but had another bulletin written and dispatched across the snow to the camp before Moulton could get back. Have found peculiar soapstone fragment about six inches across and an inch and a half thick. Those who followed the newspapers will remember the excitement created among men of science by that afternoon’s reports . Was evolved and specialized not later than a thousand million years ago. penetrant bores. transmitting to me . and as our base operator McTighe translated them from the pencil shorthand: “Fowler makes discovery of highest importance in sandstone and limestone fragments from blasts. “Appears to indicate. but no evidences to place its period.a mere yesterday as compared with the age of this cavity . and how development took place. Will mean to biology what Einstein has meant to mathematics and physics. Shaped 21 . I had better give the messages literally as Lake sent them.the frequent postscripts which Lake sent him by a succession of messengers. Has curious smoothness and regularity.reports which have finally led. Not many specimens affected.must have put an end to any of the primal forms which had locally managed to outlive their common terms.

giving no clue to interior or to what has been broken off there. smooth depression in center of unbroken surface. and would probably tear it to pieces if we didn’t keep it at a distance from them. 22 . Dyer. Can’t decide whether vegetable or animal. Strange barrel growth is the Archaean thing that left prints in rocks.M.tenths feet central diameter. Lateral breakages. Many features obviously of almost incredible primitiveness. working underground at 9:45 with light. stretched on frame work of glandular tubing. Having trouble with dogs. Douglas. Probably some freak of water action. tapering to one foot at each end. three and five. Mills. Like a barrel with five bulging ridges in place of staves. especially fabled Elder Things in Necronomicon. They can’t endure the new specimen. Will report again when Mills gets back with light and we start on underground area.” “10:15 P. as of thinnish stalks. Orrendorf and Watkins.importance. which gives almost seven-foot wing spread. but no marks of breakage except at some of the points.” “11:30 P. but astonishing flexibility retained in places. Have brought all to surface. Arrangement reminds one of certain monsters of primal myth. Boudreau. with all appendages. “Their wings seem to be membranous. Carroll.M. They cannot stand the things.combs or wings that fold up and spread out like fans.like five-pointed star with tips broken off.I might say transcendent . “Of organic specimens.star-shaped. eight apparently perfect. Marks of broken-off parts at ends and around sides. Apparent minute orifices in frame tubing at wing tips. In furrows between ridges are curious growths . Additional scarred bones found. and signs of other cleavage at inward angles and in center of surface. Mixed with curiously rounded and configured soapstone fragments smaller than one previously found . Arkham must relay to Kingsport Head Station at once. Important discovery. and Fowler discover cluster of thirteen more at underground point forty feet from aperture. Pabodie. are at equator in middle of these ridges. Small. leading off dogs to distance. but these must wait. Attention. Must dissect when we get back to camp. Must see if it has any peculiar odor. Groups of tiny dots in regular patterns. Tough as leather. with magnifier. Tissue evidently preserved by mineral salts. Matter of highest . found monstrous barrel-shaped fossil of wholly unknown nature. Six feet end to end. probably vegetable unless overgrown specimen of unknown marine radiata. Have set all hands cutting stalactites and looking for further specimens. Arouses much curiosity as to source and weathering. Dogs growing uneasy as we work. and seem to hate this soapstone. Ends of body shriveled. All greatly damaged but one. thinks he can make out additional markings of geologic significance.

one at central apex of each of the five vertical. This is the paddle. Flexibility surprising despite vast toughness. with orifices at wing tips. giving each stalk a total of twenty-five tentacles. spread out of furrows between ridges. “Tough. cilia. one foot end diameters. found folded tightly down. All these tubes.veined membranous triangle eight inches long and six wide at farther end. bulbous neck of lighter gray. stave-like ridges are five systems of light gray flexible arms or tentacles found tightly folded to torso but expansible to maximum length of over three feet. Single stalks three inches diameter branch after six inches into five substalks. Around equator. 23 . found folded. At end of each tube is spherical expansion where yellowish membrane rolls back on handling to reveal glassy. each of which branches after eight inches into small. “At bottom of torso. Dark gray. rough but dissimilarly functioning counterparts of head arrangements exist. about two feet point to point. “Five slightly longer reddish tubes start from inner angles of starfish-shaped head and end in saclike swellings of same color which. holds greenish five-pointed starfish arrangement. and points of starfish head. Slit in exact center of top probably breathing aperture. or pseudofoot which has made prints in rocks from a thousand million to fifty or sixty million years old. Wing framework tubular or glandular. of lighter gray. Spread wings have serrated edge. “At top of torso blunt. holds yellowish five-pointed starfish-shaped apparent head covered with threeinch wiry cilia of various prismatic colors.probably mouths. flexible. upon pressure. tapering tentacles or tendrils. with gill-like suggestions. Seven-foot membranous wings of same color. red-irised globe. open to bell-shaped orifices two inches maximum diameter and lined with sharp.Give close attention to description and repeat back for accuracy Papers must get this right. five-ridged barrel torso three and five-tenths feet central diameter. To each point is attached small end of a greenish five. evidently an eye. white tooth like projections . and infinitely tough. without gill suggestions. tubes and points clinging to bulbous neck and torso. Bulbous light-gray pseudo-neck. “Objects are eight feet long all over. Six-foot. Like arms of primitive crinoid. fin. “Head thick and puffy. muscular arms four feet long and tapering from seven inches diameter at base to about two and five-tenths at point. with three-inch flexible yellowish tubes projecting from each point.

Fabulously early date of evolution. State of preservation miraculous. marine or otherwise. If this last isn’t the high spot of the expedition.Cthulhu cult appendages. but extremely flexible. judging from associated specimens. Four-foot arms with paddles undoubtedly used for locomotion of some sort. “With nine men . and will understand when I speak of Elder Things supposed to have created all earth life as jest or mistake. We’re made scientifically. Congrats. Also like prehistoric folklore things Wilmarth has spoken of . All these parts infinitely tough and leathery. Wish I had a real laboratory here.“From inner angles of starfish arrangement project two-foot reddish tubes tapering from three inches diameter at base to one at tip. though wind is bad. all these projections tightly folded over pseudoneck and end of torso. As found. Dyer and Pabodie have read Necronomicon and seen Clark Ashton Smith’s nightmare paintings based on text. “Complete specimens have such uncanny resemblance to certain creatures of primal myth that suggestion of ancient existence outside antarctic becomes inevitable. When moved. baffles all conjecture as to origin. on the drill that opened up the cave. Dyer better kick himself for having tried to stop my westward trip. Orifices at tips. Deposits probably of late Cretaceous or early Eocene period. “Cannot yet assign positively to animal or vegetable kingdom. corresponding to projections at other end. Massive stalagmites deposited above them.down structure rather than animal’s fore-and-aft structure. preceding even simplest Archaean protozoa hitherto known. evidently owing to limestone action. “Wing structure puzzles in view of probable marine habitat. No more found so far. but toughness prevented damage. Now will Arkham please repeat description?” 24 . etc. First the world’s greatest mountains.we ought to manage the three sledges fairly well. suggesting vegetable ’s essential up-and. but may have use in water navigation. Job now to get fourteen huge specimens to camp without dogs. “Vast field of study opened. But I’ve got to dissect one of these things before we take any rest. Students have always thought conception formed from morbid imaginative treatment of very ancient tropical radiata. Symmetry is curiously vegetablelike. Echinoderm resemblances unmistakable despite local contradictory evidences.three left to guard the dogs . but odds now favor animal. Probably represents incredibly advanced evolution of radiata without loss of certain primitive features. and then this. display suggestions of exaggerated muscularity. I don’t know what is. Must establish plane communication with McMurdo Sound and begin shipping material. Pabodie. which bark furiously and can’t be trusted near them. Hard work hewing out. but will resume search later.

sending more messages. Accordingly he removed the specimen and dragged in one which. Lake. nor were our companions much behind us in enthusiasm. but these were too few to use up recklessly unless the cave might later yield an unlimited supply. save for one on which Lake was making crude attempts at dissection. but nine men had accomplished it very neatly. wrote out the entire message from his shorthand version as soon as Lake’s operator signed off. Results. Lake was puzzled as to how he might make the requisite incisions without violence destructive enough to upset all the structural niceties he was looking for. I added some remarks to be relayed through the Arkham to the outside world. and my only wish was to get to Lake’s camp as quickly as I could.a powerful and intact one . told of the completely successful transportation of the fourteen great specimens to the camp. seven more perfect specimens. This dissection seemed to be a greater task than had been expected.The sensations of Pabodie and myself at receipt of this report were almost beyond description. and I sent Lake congratulations as soon as the Arkham’s operator had repeated back the descriptive parts as requested. Existing biology would have to be wholly revised. the internal organs were wholly intact. The leathery. He had. but the little that was achieved left us all awed and bewildered. It disappointed me when he sent word that a rising mountain gale made early aerial travel impossible. were baffling and provocative indeed. and despite an age of perhaps forty million years. as well as by Captain Douglas of the Arkham. for this thing was no product of any cell growth science knows about. Of course. But within an hour and a half interest again rose to banish disappointment. was badly crushed and partly disrupted along one of the great torso furrows. Nothing like delicacy or accuracy was possible with instruments hardly able to cut the anomalous tissue. Now some of the party were hurriedly building a snow corral at a safe distance from the camp. for. undeteriorative. The specimens were laid out on the hard snow near the camp.lost nothing of their more than leathery toughness. to which the dogs could be brought for greater convenience in feeding. and my example was followed by Sherman from his station at the McMurdo Sound supply cache. as head of the expedition. It had been a hard pull. it is true. though having remnants of the starfish arrangements at both ends. Later. There had been scarcely any mineral replacement. All appreciated the epoch-making significance of the discovery. despite the heat of a gasoline stove in the newly raised laboratory tent. the deceptively flexible tissues of the chosen specimen . rest was an absurd thought amidst this excitement. and almost 25 . McTighe. for the things were surprisingly heavy. quickly reported over the wireless. who had hastily translated a few high spots as they came from the droning receiving set.

It must. and eliminated waste matter through the reddish tubes of its starfish-shaped base. It was not blood. Though excessively primitive and archaic in some respects. but was clearly something more. served in part through the wiry cilia of the head. Cursorily. dark-green fluid apparently answering the same purpose. Lake thought. It had digestion and circulation. Its five-lobed brain was surprisingly advanced. but a thick. and even at that distance set up a savage barking and show of restlessness at the acrid. seemed barely conceivable. and there were odd evidences of air-storage chambers and methods of shifting respiration from the external orifice to at least two other fully developed breathing systems . especially the Pteridophyta. but internal inspection brought up so many vegetable evidences that Lake was left hopelessly at sea.gills and pores. and there were signs of a sensory equipment. The nervous system was so complex and highly developed as to leave Lake aghast.indestructible quality was an inherent attribute of the thing’s form of organization. Clearly. and probably adapted to long airless hibernation periods as well. Probably it has more than five senses. At first all that Lake found was dry. but musical piping notes covering a wide range were highly probable. but had three-fourths of the essentials of animal structure. the thing had a set of ganglial centers and connectives arguing the very extremes of specialized development. But to give it a name at this stage was mere folly. one would say that its respiration apparatus handled oxygen rather than carbon dioxide. It was partly vegetable. so that its habits could not be predicted from any existing analogy. Articulate speech. organic moisture of pungent and offensive odor was encountered toward the thing’s uninjured side. but as the heated tent produced its thawing effect. All guesses about its external members had been correct. having spore cases at the tips of the wings and evidently developing from a thallus or prothallus. this provisional dissection merely deepened its mystery. all thirty-seven dogs had been brought to the still uncompleted corral near the camp. It reproduced like the vegetable cryptogams. Vocal organs seemed present in connection with the main respiratory system. its symmetrical contour and certain other attributes clearly indicated. By the time Lake reached this stage. diffusive smell. The muscular system was almost prematurely developed. but they presented anomalies beyond immediate solution. yet one could not be exact 26 . Far from helping to place the strange entity. and on the evidence of these one could hardly hesitate to call the thing animal. it was amphibian. have been a creature of keen sensitiveness and delicately differentiated functions in its primal world . and pertained to some paleogean cycle of invertebrate evolution utterly beyond our powers of speculation. involving factors alien to any other terrestrial organism. in the sense of syllable utterance.much like the ants and bees of today. That it was marine in origin. It looked like a radiate.

That would also help to keep their possible scent away from the dogs. Early apprehensions about sudden antarctic winds were revived. He had to weight down the corners of the tent cloth with heavy blocks of snow to hold it in place amidst the rising gale. having decided to postpone further work and get a little rest. move all the undissected specimens close together and throw a spare tent over them in order to keep off the direct solar rays. and Lake finally detached all hands from other tasks to work on them. new dog corral. Moreover.jocosely dubbing his finds “The Elder Ones. It was after four when Lake at last prepared to sign off and advised us all to share the rest period his outfit would take when the shelter walls were a little higher. even at their substantial distance and behind the higher and higher snow walls which an increased quota of the men were hastening to raise around their quarters. so that the head points and tubes of two or three showed signs of unfolding. The size of the pseudofeet had decreased. whose hostile unrest was really becoming a problem. and crude aeroplane shelters with snow on the mountainward side. If anything. the later contours showed decadence rather than higher evolution. and under Atwood’s supervision precautions were taken to bank the tents. and the whole morphology seemed coarsened and simplified. and repeated his 27 . and the wild tales of cosmic hill things from outside told by a folklorist colleague in Miskatonic’s English department. Altogether. begun with hard snow blocks during odd moments. he covered the dissected organism with a tarpaulin.” At about 2:30 A. Naturally.as to the limit of its later adaptations. for the titan mountains seemed about to deliver some gravely severe blasts. however. after all. and Lake fell back on mythology for a provisional name . and studied the intact specimens with renewed interest. He held some friendly chat with Pabodie over the ether. held a persistent suggestion of the aerial. How it could have undergone its tremendously complex evolution on a new-born earth in time to leave prints in Archaean rocks was so far beyond conception as to make Lake whimsically recall the primal myths about Great Old Ones who filtered down from the stars and concocted earth life as a joke or mistake. but Lake did not believe there was any danger of immediate decomposition in the almost subzero air. but quickly rejected this too-facile theory upon considering the advanced structural qualities of the older fossils. little could be said to have been solved. emerged from the laboratory tent. The ceaseless antarctic sun had begun to limber up their tissues a trifle. The wings.. Atrophied and vestigial parts were surprisingly prevalent. He did. the nerves and organs just examined held singular suggestions of retrogression from forms still more complex. These latter shelters. he considered the possibility of the pre-Cambrian prints having been made by a less evolved ancestor of the present specimens.M. were by no means as high as they should have been.

but some electrical condition in the disturbed air to the westward seemed to prevent communication. with only a moderate relapse at 2 P. Throughout the day we all listened anxiously and tried to get Lake at intervals. I imagine. Atwood also sent greetings and praises. but it eventually died down. but invariably without results. was in good shape and ready for instant use. slept very heavily or continuously that morning. Just before retiring I dispatched a final message to the Arkham with instructions about toning down the day’s news for the outside world. as agreed. About noon a positive frenzy of wind stampeded out of the west. which we had left at the McMurdo Sound supply cache with Sherman and two sailors. and we all agreed to get in touch by wireless at ten in the morning. By six o’clock our fears had become intense and definite. causing us to fear for the safety of our camp. each provided with an excellent short-wave outfit. I got Sherman by wireless and ordered him to join me with the plane and the two sailors at the southern base as quickly as possible. since the full details seemed radical enough to rouse a wave of incredulity until further substantiated. Nevertheless the stony silence continued. and Douglas told me that he had likewise been vainly trying to reach Lake. We did. and decided that we would include all hands. After three o’clock it was very quiet. together with the sledge and dogs which I had kept with me.M. Reflecting that he had four planes. Lake would send a plane for the party at my base. directly under the vast unknown peaks that bred and delivered it. Both the excitement of Lake’s discovery and the mounting fury of the wind were against such a thing. owning up that he was right about the western trip. for very little was blowing at McMurdo Sound. and after a wireless consultation with Douglas and Thorfinnssen I resolved to take steps toward investigation. despite its persistent rage where we were. and when we thought of the delirious force the wind must have had in his locality we could not help making the more direful conjectures. Even so great a 28 . however. If the gale was then over. and we redoubled our efforts to get Lake. We then talked over the personnel of the coming investigation party. that we could not help wondering how much worse it was at Lake’s camp. and it seemed that the very emergency for which it had been saved was now upon us. So savage was the blast. McTighe was awake at ten o’clock and tried to get Lake on the wireless. the air conditions being apparently highly favorable. even where we were. He had not known about the wind. we could not imagine any ordinary accident capable of crippling all his wireless equipment at once. get the Arkham.praise of the really marvelous drills that had helped him make his discovery. I gave Lake a warm word of congratulations. III None of us. The fifth aeroplane.

and reported a quiet flight from several points on the wing. Little by little. and other items including the plane’s wireless outfit. took off at 7:30.M. Every incident of that four-and-a-half-hour flight is burned into my recollection because of its crucial position in my life. and a latter point when we had to adopt an actual rule of strict censorship. fairly quiet. and his shouts sent everyone to the windows of the great cabined plane. of all that peace and balance which the normal mind possesses through its accustomed conception of external nature and nature’s laws.but the student Danforth and myself above all others . they were very slow in gaining prominence. with the sailors Gunnarsson and Larsen. We turned in at two o’clock for a brief rest after some preliminary loading of the plane. Sherman. our glimpse of the broken surface where Lake had sunk his mid-journey shaft three days before. Thenceforward the ten of us . allowing us to distinguish various bare. Despite our speed. and we anticipated very little trouble in reaching the latitude and longitude designated by Lake as the site of his camp. but were up again in four hours to finish the loading and packing. bleak. The newspapers have printed the bulletins we sent from the moving plane. or fail to find. seven dogs. we started flying northwestward under McTighe’s pilotage with ten men. our two battles with treacherous upper-air gales. and which we would refrain from sharing with mankind in general if we could. telling of our nonstop course. and visible only because of their abnormal height. hence we knew that they must be infinitely far off. a fuel and food supply. at the age of fiftyfour. when our sensations could not be conveyed in any words the press would understand. and relatively mild in temperature. however. The sailor Larsen was first to spy the jagged line of witchlike cones and pinnacles ahead. at the end of our journey. but no one drew back from what seemed like the plainest necessity. It marked my loss. and to catch the curious sense of fantasy which they inspired as seen in the reddish antarctic light against 29 . It was risky business sailing over the antarctic in a single aeroplane without any line of bases..were to face a hideously amplified world of lurking horrors which nothing can erase from our emotions. At intervals I still tried to reach Lake with the wireless. a sledge. The atmosphere was clear. they rose grimly into the western sky. They arrived at our base at midnight. for silence continued to answer all calls dispatched to the camp. At 7:15 A. and our sight of a group of those strange fluffy snow cylinders noted by Amundsen and Byrd as rolling in the wind across the endless leagues of frozen plateau. There came a point. blackish summits. though.load would not be too much for one of the huge planes built to our special orders for heavy machinery transportation. and all hands at once discussed the next move. but all to no purpose. Our apprehensions were over what we might find. January 25th.

It was as if these stark. Leng. and I shuddered as the seething labyrinth of fabulous walls and towers and minarets loomed out of the troubled ice vapors above our heads. I could not help feeling that they were evil things . but this one had a wholly novel and obscure quality of menacing symbolism. space. In the whole spectacle there was a persistent. and ultra-dimensionality.the provocative background of iridescent ice-dust clouds. There was indeed something hauntingly Roerich-like about this whole unearthly continent of mountainous mystery. was not a region I would care to be in or near. desolation. another wave of uneasy consciousness of Archaean mythical resemblances. which Lake had mentioned in his messages. and gave appalling reminders of the utter remoteness. A few daring mystics have hinted at a pre-Pleistocene origin for the fragmentary Pnakotic Manuscripts.or of his predecessors . but the racial memory of man . and which indeed justified his comparison with the dreamlike suggestions of primordial temple ruins. That seething. Mythologists have placed Leng in Central Asia. and I felt it afresh now. on cloudy Asian mountaintops so subtly and strangely painted by Roerich. and complex gulfs of remote time. nightmare spires marked the pylons of a frightful gateway into forbidden spheres of dream. some of them quite as uncanny and fantastically vivid as the present example. nor did I relish the proximity of a world that had ever bred such ambiguous and Archaean monstrosities as those Lake had just mentioned.regularities like clinging fragments of perfect cubes. 30 . and aeon-long death of this untrodden and unfathomed austral world. pervasive hint of stupendous secrecy and potential revelation. I had seen dozens of polar mirages during the preceding weeks. or talked so much with that unpleasantly erudite folklorist Wilmarth at the university. of how disturbingly this lethal realm corresponded to the evilly famed plateau of Leng in the primal writings. and it may well be that certain tales have come down from lands and mountains and temples of horror earlier than Asia and earlier than any human world we know.mountains of madness whose farther slopes looked out over some accursed ultimate abyss. This mood undoubtedly served to aggravate my reaction to the bizarre mirage which burst upon us from the increasingly opalescent zenith as we drew near the mountains and began to make out the cumulative undulations of the foothills. ethereal beyondness far more than terrestrially spatial. separateness. It was young Danforth who drew our notice to the curious regularities of the higher mountain skyline . and have suggested that the devotees of Tsathoggua were as alien to mankind as Tsathoggua itself. I had felt it in October when we first caught sight of Victoria Land. I felt.is long. wherever in space or time it might brood. At the moment I felt sorry that I had ever read the abhorred Necronomicon. too. half-luminous cloud background held ineffable suggestions of a vague.

I was glad when the mirage began to break up. has read the brief and unsatisfying bulletins of the rest of our antarctic sojourn. though in the process the various nightmare turrets and cones assumed distorted. table-like constructions suggesting piles of multitudinous rectangular slabs or circular plates or five-pointed stars with each one overlapping the one beneath. People pardoned our hazy lack of details through realization of the shock the sad event must have caused us. Everyone. we all seemed to find in it a taint of latent malignity and infinitely evil portent. unknown mountain peaks soaring stupendously ahead. forming a range almost distinct from the terrifying line of more than Himalayan peaks beyond them. Eleven known dead. The higher foothills shot up between five and six miles away. ice. We were over the lowest foothills now. I flatter 31 .began to head downward toward the left-hand dark spot whose size marked it as the camp. and could see amidst the snow. but at this time and place. As the whole illusion dissolved to churning opalescence we began to look earthward again. and strange beetling. that anomalous elder-world discovery in our minds. or of the night before that. The unknown mountains ahead rose dizzily up like a fearsome rampart of giants.The effect was that of a Cyclopean city of no architecture known to man or to human imagination. Some hours after our landing we sent a guarded report of the tragedy we found. and the pall of probable disaster enveloping the greater part of our expedition. temporary forms of even vaster hideousness. At length Ropes . surmounted by tall cylindrical shafts here and there bulbously enlarged and often capped with tiers of thinnish scalloped disks. with vast aggregations of night-black masonry embodying monstrous perversions of geometrical laws.the student who had relieved McTighe at the controls . There were composite cones and pyramids either alone or surmounting cylinders or cubes or flatter truncated cones and pyramids. The general type of mirage was not unlike some of the wilder forms observed and drawn by the arctic whaler Scoresby in 1820. and the implied scale of the whole was terrifying and oppressive in its sheer gigantism. and bare patches of their main plateau a couple of darkish spots which we took to be Lake’s camp and boring. As he did so. All of these febrile structures seemed knit together by tubular bridges crossing from one to the other at various dizzy heights. Indeed. sometimes terraced or fluted. their curious regularities showing with startling clearness even without a field glass. and believed us when we explained that the mangling action of the wind had rendered all eleven bodies unsuitable for transportation outside. young Gedney missing. and reluctantly announced the wiping out of the whole Lake party by the frightful wind of the preceding day. and occasional needle-like spires in curious clusters of five. and saw that our journey’s end was not far off. of course. with those dark. McTighe sent out the last uncensored wireless message the world was to receive from our expedition. There were truncated cones.

whose frantic uneasiness near the biological specimens was to be expected from poor Lake’s accounts. and soulclutching horror. We brought back all the books. even without the other thing. It is a fact that the wind had brought dreadful havoc. that we sent our guarded message to the Arkham for relaying. None of the dogs survived. The storm. and we have tried to explain that the wind may have blown them off into the unknown. and Ropes . with its fury of madly driven ice particles.and the derrick at the distant boring was entirely shaken to pieces. The exposed metal of the grounded planes and drilling machinery was bruised into a high polish. their display of the same 32 . we scarcely went beyond the truth in any specific instance. The drill and ice-melting machinery at the boring were too badly damaged to warrant salvage. The most we said about agitation concerned our dogs. is gravely open to doubt. The wind may have done that. after wide plane cruising had forced us to give Gedney up for lost. We did gather some minerals from a vast. It was approximately 4 P. so we used them to choke up that subtly disturbing gateway to the past which Lake had blasted.was nearly pulverized . It is also true that we found none of the Archaean biological objects in a condition to take outside as a whole. All three sledges were gone. scientific equipment.myself that even in the midst of our distress. must have been beyond anything our expedition had encountered before. McTighe. what I would not tell now but for the need of warning others off from nameless terrors. suggests an outward leap or break of the frantic beasts themselves.in all. One aeroplane shelter-wall. We likewise left at the camp the two most shaken up of the planes.M. had been left in a far too flimsy and inadequate state . though the greater breakage on the side next the camp. and other incidentals we could find. with Danforth in a poor nervous shape to navigate. among which were the most typical of the curiously injured specimens. since our surviving party had only four real pilots . including several of the greenish soapstone fragments whose odd five-pointed rounding and faint patterns of grouped dots caused so many doubtful comparisons. We did not mention. and two of the small tents were flattened despite their snow banking. The tremendous significance lies in what we dared not tell. Wooden surfaces left out in the blaster were pitted and denuded of paint. Danforth. and some fossil bones. utter bewilderment. it seems.. which was not the windward one. though much was rather unaccountably blown away. tumbled pile. their hurriedly built snow inclosure near the camp being almost wholly destroyed.Sherman. and I think we did well to keep it as calm and noncommittal as we succeeded in doing. Whether all could have lived through it. Spare tents and furs were either missing or badly out of condition. I think. and all signs of tracks in the snow were completely obliterated.

and to hide our camera films for private development later on. a decision that the cave mouths indicate dissolved calcaerous veins. Sherman. It was hard work keeping our personal emotions out of this matter . our report included a tale of a hard ascent . or otherwise tampered with by winds that must have harbored singular curiosity and investigativeness. and the rest as it will be to the world in general.. and machinery. Ropes. about the public’s general peace of mind. 33 . It took no persuasion to make him promise not to show our sketches and the other things we brought away in our pockets. or thinks he saw. so that part of my present story will be as new to Pabodie.a confirmation of Lake’s opinion that the great peaks are of Archaean slate and other very primal crumpled strata unchanged since at least middle Comanchian times. which mercifully limited that scouting tour to the two of us. As all know. Indeed. whose parts had been loosened. not to say anything more to the others than what we had agreed to relay outside. aeroplanes.twenty thousand feet in elevation.and we did not mention numbers or say exactly how we had found those which we did find. Danforth was close to hysterics. a conjecture that certain slopes and passes would permit of the scaling and crossing of the entire range by seasoned mountaineers. but kept an admirably stiff upper lip. Danforth is closer mouthed than I: for he saw. moved. both at the camp and at the boring. About the fourteen biological specimens. We were careful. and it surely looked like madness to find six imperfect monstrosities carefully buried upright in nine-foot snow graves under five-pointed mounds punched over with groups of dots in patterns exactly those on the queer greenish soapstones dug up from Mesozoic or Tertiary times. We had by that time agreed not to transmit anything suggesting madness on the part of Lake’s men. On our return at one A. with grotesque rock formations protruding through a thin glacial layer and with low gradual foothills between the general plateau surface and the sheer precipices of the highest peaks. but that enough was left of them to prove Lake’s description wholly and impressively accurate. too. hence Danforth and I said little about that frightful trip over the mountains the next day. a conventional comment on the regularity of the clinging cube and rampart formations.M. The eight perfect specimens mentioned by Lake seemed to have been completely blown away. we were pardonably indefinite. We said that the only ones we discovered were damaged. McTighe. and a remark that the mysterious other side holds a lofty and immense superplateau as ancient and unchanging as the mountains themselves .uneasiness when sniffing around the queer greenish soapstones and certain other objects in the disordered region-objects including scientific instruments. one thing he will not tell even me. It was the fact that only a radically lightened plane could possibly cross a range of such height.

have made black and blasphemous alliances. space and time. and occasioned by a faulty rudder in the furious wind over the ice shelf after we had cleared the great plateau. Even young Danforth. our return to the world was accomplished without further disasters. has not flinched or babbled to his doctors . Had any tried to do that. In five days more.made us wish only to escape from this austral world of desolation and brooding madness as swiftly as we could. and have kept certain doubts and guesses to ourselves with splendid unity and faithfulness. and told truly of our landing on the farther foothills. Even though indirect. While we were gone. The doubts and horrors around us which we did not reveal . there is one thing he thinks he alone saw which he will not tell even me.indeed. and it completely satisfied the men at the camp. with all hands and equipment on board. We laid our absence of sixteen hours .after a swift nonstop flight. Ropes. accursed realm where life and death. and rock-collecting program called for . as I have said.and I do not know what Danforth would have done. Sherman. Fortunately our tale sounded realistic and prosaic enough not to tempt any of the others into emulating our flight.to a long mythical spell of adverse wind conditions. though I think it would help his psychological state if he would consent to do so. We decided to load all the planes the next morning and start back for our old base as soon as possible. It might explain and relieve much.a longer time than our announced flying.This body of data is in every respect true so far as it goes. the one pause being very brief. with his nervous breakdown. reconnoitering. were shaking clear of the thickening field ice and working up Ross Sea with the mocking mountains of Victoria Land looming westward against a troubled antarctic sky and twisting the wind’s wails into a wide-ranged musical piping which chilled my soul to the quick. though perhaps the thing was no more than the 34 . the Arkham and Miskatonic. All planes reached the old base on the evening of the next day January 27th . and Williamson had worked like beavers over Lake’s two best planes. that was the safest way to work toward McMurdo Sound. for a straightline flight across the most utterly unknown stretches of the aeon-dead continent would involve many additional hazards. Less than a fortnight later we left the last hint of polar land behind us and thanked heaven that we were clear of a haunted. and on the 28th we made McMurdo Sound in two laps. in the unknown epochs since matter first writhed and swam on the planet’s scarce-cooled crust. I would have used every ounce of my persuasion to stop them . fitting them again for use despite the altogether unaccountable juggling of their operative mechanism. Pabodie. Since our return we have all constantly worked to discourage antarctic exploration. Further exploration was hardly feasible in view of our tragic decimation and the ruin of our drilling machinery. McTighe. landing. As the public knows.

strangely sound in texture for all their structural injuries. If not dissuaded. We also refrained from showing the more puzzling of the scarred bones and greenish soapstones. I hope I have said enough already to let me glide briefly over the rest. I am constantly tempted to shirk the details. the disarranged machinery. the rest. and with a thoroughness far beyond anything our outfit attempted. or our photographs of those specimens as they were found. We might have known from the first that human curiosity is undying. The principal things I have been keeping back relate to the bodies. and to certain subtle points which may or may not lend a hideous and incredible kind of rationale to the apparent chaos. and brought away in our pockets. We did not think much about that till later . while Danforth and I have closely guarded the pictures we took or drew on the superplateau across the range. So I must break through all reticences at last . I do not recall whether I mentioned that upon checking up the canine bodies we found one dog missing. IV It is only with vast hesitancy and repugnance that I let my mind go back to Lake’s camp and what we really found there . But now that Starkweather-Moore party is organizing. and that the results we announced would be enough to spur others ahead on the same age-long pursuit of the unknown. studied in terror. the varied uneasiness of our dogs. It will be hard work deterring others from the great white south.to lay 35 . the absence of Gedney. the deaths of men and dogs.so much more normal . from a world forty million years dead. and the crumpled things we smoothed. though we were sensible enough not to show the detached parts we had taken from the actual buried specimens. and to let hints stand for actual facts and ineluctable deductions. I have told of the wind-ravaged terrain. and some of our efforts may directly harm our cause by drawing inquiring notice.indeed. for it was so much simpler . that is.even about that ultimate.things which he repudiates vehemently as soon as he gets a grip on himself again. At the time. irresponsible moments when he whispers disjointed things to me .delusive aftermath of an earlier shock. nameless thing beyond the mountains of madness. That is the impression I gather after those rare. the damaged shelters. they will get to the innermost nucleus of the antarctic and melt and bore till they bring up that which we know may end the world. only Danforth and I have thought of it at all.and to that other thing beyond the mountains of madness. I tried to keep the men’s minds off those points. the missing sledges and other items. Lake’s reports of those biological monstrosities had aroused naturalists and paleontologists to the highest pitch. of the horror at the camp. and the six insanely buried biological specimens.

or from some subtle. roughly slashed from the human incision subjects.which conjured up the most horrible associations. When we came on that terrible shelter we had missed two dogs and two men. I have said that the bodies were frightfully mangled. increasing odor emitted by the nightmare specimens.everything to an outbreak of madness on the part of some of Lake’s party. But whatever had happened. and were torn and mangled in fiendish and altogether inexplicable ways. It had been set some distance from the camp because of the hatred of the animals for those hellish Archaean organisms. Gedney and one dog turned out to be missing in the end. All the healthier. we had already realized that one of the six imperfect and insanely 36 . It is useless to bring up the half impression of certain faint snow prints in one shielded corner of the ruined inclosure . behind flimsy walls of insufficient height. quadrupedal or bipedal. but the precaution seemed to have been taken in vain. that the then missing Gedney was in no way responsible for the loathsome horrors we found. of course. which we entered after investigating the monstrous graves.men and dogs alike. They had all been in some terrible kind of conflict. and inhuman fashion. had in each case come from strangulation or laceration. Indeed.though with a categorical statement of opinion. hinted no clues. Now I must add that some were incised and subtracted from in the most curious.because that impression did not concern human prints at all. but was clearly mixed up with all the talk of fossil prints which poor Lake had been giving throughout the preceding weeks. The thing had occurred in one of the crude aeroplane shelters from which the plane had been dragged out. Scattered bits of clothing. they must have stampeded . Perhaps I had better put squeamishness aside and tell the worst at last . for the state of their ill-built corral bore witness to its forcible breakage from within. The dogs had evidently started the trouble. The crowning abnormality. that demon mountain wind must have been enough to drive any man mad in the midst of this center of all earthly mystery and desolation. When left alone in that monstrous wind. From the look of things. as by a careful butcher. One had to be careful of one’s imagination in the lee of those overshadowing mountains of madness. but the fairly unharmed dissecting tent. was the condition of the bodies . based on the first-hand observations and most rigid deductions of both Danforth and myself.taken from the ravaged provision chests on the planes . had had their most solid masses of tissue cut out and removed. and subsequent winds had effaced all tracks which could have supplied any plausible theory. cold-blooded. one could not say. had something to reveal. As I have indicated. for the covered parts of the primal monstrosity had been removed from the improvised table. it was hideous and revolting enough. fatter bodies.whether from the wind itself. Death. so far as we could judge. It was not as Lake had left it. and around them was a strange sprinkling of salt . It was the same with dogs and men.

heating apparatus. and on the jumble of roughly handled illustrated books scattered near it. Then. or spent. The whole general formation. with their clusters of grouped dots. the disappearance of certain staples. broken. illustrated technical and scientific books. too. Lake’s anatomical instruments were missing. The dogs seemed to abhor this oddly disordered machinery. the eight uninjured biological specimens. and the jarringly comical heap of tin cans pried open in the most unlikely ways and at the most unlikely places. as were likewise the spatter-fringed ink blots on certain pieces of paper. the three sledges. and the evidences of curious alien fumbling and experimentation around the planes and all other mechanical devices both at the camp and at the boring. the one dog. We could not help noticing the resemblance of these monstrous mounds. fur suits. we found the likeness very close indeed. The disappearance of Gedney. and it did not take long for us to guess that those things were the carefully though oddly and inexpertly dissected parts of one man and one dog.buried things we had found . electric torches and batteries. In view of just such an eventuality as the present one. The profusion of scattered matches. Our first act after finding the bodies in the shelter was to photograph and open the row of insane graves with the five-pointed snow mounds. we carefully photographed all the main evidences of insane disorder at the camp.Moore Expedition. but there were evidences of their careful cleansing. and certain instruments. to poor Lake’s descriptions of the strange greenish soapstones. The maltreatment of the human and canine bodies. Concerning the bizarre smudges on the laboratory table. spare tents. This formed the worst of the camp horror. were all of a piece with this apparent disintegrative madness. writing materials.the one with the trace of a peculiarly hateful odor must represent the collected sections of the entity which Lake had tried to analyze. and when we came on some of the soapstones themselves in the great mineral pile. though around it we found a curious litter of matches. formed another minor enigma . it 37 . was utterly beyond sane conjecture. The gasoline stove was also gone. there was the upsetting of the larder. food and fuel. we were much too bewildered to speculate. On and around that laboratory table were strewn other things. and the crazy burial of the damaged Archaean specimens. We buried the human parts beside the other ten men. I shall spare the feelings of survivors by omitting mention of the man’s identity. and shall use the prints to buttress our pleas against the departure of the proposed Starkweather. and the canine parts with the other thirty-five dogs.as did the two or three tent cloths and fur suits which we found lying about with peculiar and unorthodox slashings conceivably due to clumsy efforts at unimaginable adaptations. and the like. but other things were equally perplexing. intact.

I have already repeated the noncommittal story we told the men at camp . As our guarded messages stated. If the plain signs of surviving elder horrors in what I disclose be not enough to keep others from meddling with the inner antarctic . It is now my terrible duty to amplify this account by filling in the merciful blanks with hints of what we really saw in the hidden transmontane world .must be made clear. aeon-cursed desolation . beginning the following morning. and we agreed that the suggestion must have worked potently upon the sensitized minds of Lake’s overwrought party. 38 .even though it was probably a nervous delusion .and which was perhaps the last straw that put him where he is. and we awaked at 7 A. we were left with enough sheer scientific zeal and adventurousness to wonder about the unknown realm beyond those mysterious mountains. This will form my last word. though. but nothing came to light. without any diminution in height or essential structure. intending an early flight. Pabodie. heavy winds .or at least from prying too deeply beneath the surface of that ultimate waste of forbidden secrets and inhuman. It was decided that Danforth and I try it first.but not without a tentative plan for one or more range-crossing altitude flights in a lightened plane with aerial camera and geologist’s outfit. bulletin to the outside world delayed our start till nearly nine o’clock. we rested at midnight after our day of terror and bafflement .hints of the revelations which have finally driven Danforth to a nervous collapse. the regular cube and rampart formations were bolder and plainer. and McTighe made an exhaustive aeroplane cruise over all the surrounding territory in the afternoon.after our return sixteen hours later.the responsibility for unnamable and perhaps immeasurable evils will not be mine. The distribution of cryptical cave mouths on the black snow-denuded summits seemed roughly even as far as the range could be traced. The party reported that the titan barrier range extended endlessly to right and left alike.centering in Gedney as the only possible surviving agent . having doubly fantastic similitudes to Roerich-painted Asian hill ruins. On some of the peaks.was the explanation spontaneously adopted by everybody so far as spoken utterance was concerned. but he is firm against that. I wish he would add a really frank word about the thing which he thinks he alone saw . All I can do is to repeat his later disjointed whispers about what set him shrieking as the plane soared back through the wind-tortured mountain pass after that real and tangible shock which I shared.and relayed outside . For madness . In spite of all the prevailing horrors. though I will not be so naive as to deny that each of us may have harbored wild guesses which sanity forbade him to formulate completely. seemed abominably suggestive of the starfish head of the Archaean entities. however.mentioned in our brief. Sherman. sweeping the horizon with field glasses in quest of Gedney and of the various missing things.M.

Nevertheless we were acutely conscious of the rarefied air and intense cold as we rose. for. and proved that these pinnacles had been towering up in exactly the same way since a surprisingly early time in earth’s history . had calculated that the lowest available pass in the range lay somewhat to the right of us. it was futile to guess. Igneous formations often have strange regularities . of course. we noticed more and more the curiously regular formations clinging to the slopes. their edges were crumbled and rounded from untold aeons of savage weathering. studying the notes made by Pabodie in his afternoon flight and checking up with a sextant. and that their regularity was extreme and uncanny to an extent which poor Lake had scarcely hinted. The ancient and wind-weathered rock strata fully verified all of Lake’s bulletins. despite 39 . As we drew near the forbidding peaks. hence the actual height increase necessary was not so vast as it might seem. seemed identical in substance with the surrounding rock surface. dark and sinister above the line of crevasse-riven snow and interstitial glaciers.though my aviation knowledge was purely an amateur’s .but this stupendous range. was some twelve thousand feet in altitude. We were dressed.Danforth and I.like the famous Giants’ Causeway in Ireland . we had to leave the cabin windows open. As he had said. and calculated to retard the usual climatic processes of rock disintegration. especially those closest to the slopes. and at times I relieved him at the controls . and cave mouths which fascinated and disturbed us most. or the primal foundation walls of Kish as dug up by the Oxford Field Museum Expedition in 1929. The camp itself. For this point. unlike any formation visible over broad areas of the general surface. But it was the mountainside tangle of regular cubes. We could easily see that much of the material of the things was a lightish Archaean quartzite. within sight of camp. I studied them with a field glass and took aerial photographs while Danforth drove. and both Danforth and I obtained that occasional impression of separate Cyclopean blocks which Lake had attributed to his flight-companion Carroll. in our heaviest furs.perhaps over fifty million years. we first headed in the lightened plane as we embarked on our flight of discovery. but everything about this strange region pointed to obscure atmospheric influences unfavorable to change. and thought again of the strange Asian paintings of Nicholas Roerich. then. How much higher they had once been. but their preternatural solidity and tough material had saved them from obliteration. and about twentythree thousand or twenty-four thousand feet above sea level.in order to let him use the binoculars. on account of visibility conditions. How to account for such things in this place was frankly beyond me. The whole arrangement looked like the ruins of Macchu Picchu in the Andes. and I felt queerly humbled as a geologist. ramparts. Many parts. on foothills which sprang from a high continental plateau.

near which the odd formations seemed most abundant. Outside. as Lake’s bulletin had said. and upon reaching our chosen pass we found that its case formed no exception. The touch of evil mystery in these barrier mountains.a thing mixed up with exotic poetry and paintings. as complex and unplaceable as any of the other dark impressions. a Shackleton. As we advanced we occasionally looked down at the snow and ice of the land route. often approximately square or semicircular. There was a cloudy note of reminiscent repulsion in this sound. Rather was it an affair of vague psychological symbolism and aesthetic association . and suggested that the whole region was honeycombed with tunnels dissolved out of limestone strata. Some of the glaciers appeared to lead up to wind-bared passes with unusual continuity. or an Amundsen. was above all else nonvolcanic in evident structure. was a highly subtle and attenuated matter not to be explained in literal words. and in the beckoning sea of opalescent sky glimpsed betwixt their summits. We had risen gradually in flying over the higher foothills and along toward the relatively low pass we had selected. and with archaic myths lurking in shunned and forbidden volumes. and for a second it seemed that the composite sound included a bizarre musical whistling or piping over a wide range as the blast swept in and out of the omnipresent and resonant cave mouths. Filled as he was with the horrors and strangenesses discovered at the camp. wondering whether we could have attempted the trip with the simpler equipment of earlier days. even though we had no cause to think the regions beyond the range essentially different from those already seen and traversed. Our sensations of tense expectancy as we prepared to round the crest and peer out over an untrodden world can hardly be described on paper. so hideously duplicated on the madly conceived snow mounds above those six buried monstrosities. The curious cave mouths.Lake’s original suspicion of smoking cones. those parts of the mountain slopes adjoining the apertures seemed invariably smooth and regular. and that despite the crevasses and other bad spots it would not have been likely to deter the sledges of a Scott. and Danforth thought that the slight cracks and pittings of the weathering tended toward unusual patterns. but we saw that they were apparently clear of stalactites and stalagmites. They were. as if the natural orifices had been shaped to greater symmetry by some magic hand. Even the wind’s burden held a peculiar strain of conscious malignity. he hinted that the pittings vaguely resembled those baffling groups of dots sprinkled over the primeval greenish soapstones. Such glimpses as we secured did not extend far within the caverns. presented another albeit a lesser puzzle because of their regularity of outline. 40 . Somewhat to our surprise we saw that the terrain was far from difficult as such things go. Their numerousness and wide distribution were remarkable.

It seemed to be half lost in a queer antarctic haze . the fantastic. Up here were only dark. and geometrically eurythmic stone masses which reared their crumbled and pitted crests above a glacial sheet not more than forty or fifty feet deep at its thickest. bare rock slopes and the start of rough-ribbed glaciers . wonder. Looking along the line of high peaks. Probably we thought of such things as the grotesquely weathered stones of the Garden of the Gods in Colorado. smooth and windswept between its jagged and malignly frowning pylons. and had left the region of clinging snow definitely below us. And then. The pass loomed directly before us. and in a climate deadly to habitation since a prehuman age not less than five hundred thousand years ago. having gained those last few feet. terror. Beyond it was a sky fretted with swirling vapors and lighted by the low polar sun . The effect of the monstrous sight was indescribable. piping wind that raced through the pass and added to the noise of the unmuffled engines. at a height of twenty-three thousand. after a slow ascent.the sky of that mysterious farther realm upon which we felt no human eye had ever gazed.We were now. on a hellishly ancient table-land fully twenty thousand feet high. tempestscarred plateau and grasped the almost endless labyrinth of colossal. and the dreamlike. perhaps. and disbelief in our own senses as we finally cleared the pass and saw what lay beyond. Danforth and I.but with those provocative cubes. unable to speak except in shouts amidst the howling.defense could possibly attribute to any but conscious and artificial cause. We must have had some such normal notions to fall back upon as our eyes swept that limitless. and echoing cave mouths to add a portent of the unnatural. we must have had some natural theory in the back of our heads to steady our faculties for the moment. exchanged eloquent glances. we did indeed stare across the momentous divide and over the unsampled secrets of an elder and utterly alien earth. or the fantastically symmetrical wind-carved rocks of the Arizona desert. with a rampart exactly on top. V I think that both of us simultaneously cried out in mixed awe. and in places obviously thinner. Here. A few more feet of altitude and we would behold that realm. as had been responsible for Lake’s early notion of volcanism.such a haze. We had previously dismissed. five hundred and seventy feet according to the aneroid. regular. for some fiendish violation of known natural law seemed certain at the outset. ramparts. I thought I could see the one mentioned by poor Lake. so far as serious thought was 41 . Perhaps we even half thought the sight a mirage like that we had seen the morning before on first approaching those mountains of madness. there stretched nearly to the vision’s limit a tangle of orderly stone which only the desperation of mental self. Of course.

Of course. a limited part of something of incalculable extent. as well as the queer cave mouths. for this Cyclopean maze of squared. yet now.of years it had brooded there amidst the blasts of a bleak upland. of the Mi-Go. We had merely struck. of walls from ten to one hundred and fifty feet in ice-clear height. “Corona Mundi .of the demoniac plateau of Leng. It was composed mostly of prodigious blocks of dark primordial slate. the phantom had been twisted and exaggerated. very clearly. The foothills were more sparsely sprinkled with grotesque stone structures. It was. objective. of the Pnakotic Manuscripts with their prehuman implications. at random.” All sorts of fantastic phrases sprang to our lips as we looked dizzily down at the unbelievable spectacle. as our eyes followed it to the right and left along the base of the low. and had contained things which the real source did not contain. and sandstone . I thought again of the eldritch primal myths that had so persistently haunted me since my first sight of this dead antarctic world . of the Necronomicon.concerned. linking the terrible city to the already familiar cubes and ramparts which evidently formed its mountain outposts. for the most part. the blasphemous city of the mirage in stark. we decided that we could see no thinning at all except for an interruption at the left of the pass through which we had come.Roof of the World .perhaps millions . These latter. and angled blocks had features which cut off all comfortable refuge. and this shocking stone survival had projected its image across the mountains according to the simple laws of reflection. and ineluctable reality. Only the incredible. indeed. The nameless stone labyrinth consisted. or abominable Snow Men of the Himalayas. schist. we thought it even more hideous and menacing than its distant image. That damnable portent had had a material basis after all there had been some horizontal stratum of ice dust in the upper air. of the Cthulhu cult. and of the Hyperborean legends of formless Tsathoggua and the worse than formless star spawn associated with that semientity. For boundless miles in every direction the thing stretched off with very little thinning. unhuman massiveness of these vast stone towers and ramparts had saved the frightful things from utter annihilation in the hundreds of thousands . were as thick on the inner as on the outer sides of the mountains. when man himself could scarcely have been differentiated from the great apes at the time when this region succumbed to the present unbroken reign of glacial death? Yet now the sway of reason seemed irrefutably shaken. and of a thickness varying from five to ten feet. as we saw that real source. gradual foothills which separated it from the actual mountain rim. How could they be otherwise. curved. any theory that the cubes and ramparts of the mountainsides were other than natural in origin.blocks in many cases as large as 4 x 6 x 8 feet - 42 .

the course of some great river which in Tertiary times . and we noticed the ice-preserved stone bridges which connected the different towers at varying distances above the ground. and domes had probably existed in the city’s heyday. Of course. gulfs. yet we kept enough poise to guide the plane. and other rectangular forms. scientific theory. With the field glass we could barely make out what seemed to be sculptural decorations in horizontal bands . Many of the ruins. Certainly. which we did. preserved intact outlines despite the omnipresent crumbling and pitting. The buildings were far from equal in size. The general shape of these things tended to be conical. to a cleft in the foothills about a mile to the left of the pass we had traversed. and underground secrets beyond human penetration. was wholly free from buildings. It probably represented.had poured through the city and into some prodigious subterranean abyss of the great barrier range. of course. Looking back to our sensations. The whole tangle was monstrously weathered. Closer inspection revealed countless largish windows. or our own consciousness was woefully awry. uneven bed rock of pre-Cambrian slate. there being innumerable honeycomb arrangements of enormous extent as well as smaller separate structures. Where the glaciation was transparent we could see the lower parts of the gigantic piles. I can only wonder that we preserved the semblance of equilibrium. In many places the buildings were totally ruined and the ice sheet deeply riven from various geologic causes. we concluded.chronology. The builders had made constant and expert use of the principle of the arch. and with uneven though wind-rounded upper edges. and take a careful series of photographs which may yet 43 . some of which were closed with shutters of a petrified material originally wood. whilst others.decorations including those curious groups of dots whose presence on the ancient soapstones now assumed a vastly larger significance. perfect cubes.millions of years ago . On the exposed walls we could detect the scarred places where other and higher bridges of the same sort had existed. observe many things quite minutely. or terraced. extending from the plateau’s interior.though in several places it seemed to be carved out of a solid. this was above all a region of caves. and the glacial surface from which the towers projected was strewn with fallen blocks and immemorial debris. and recalling our dazedness at viewing this monstrous survival from aeons we had thought prehuman. pyramidal. In other places the stonework was worn down to the very level of the glaciation. and a peculiar sprinkling of angled edifices whose five-pointed ground plan roughly suggested modern fortifications. though there were many perfect cylinders. clusters of cubes. One broad swath. were roofless. we knew that something . though most gaped open in a sinister and menacing fashion. of a more sharply conical or pyramidal model or else protected by higher surrounding structures.

though. in the interest of greater lightness. but there were at least two exceptions.serve both us and the world in good stead. are recent things of today . or to the length of the frightful stone city which bordered its inner foothills. while the other still bore a fantastic conical monument carved out of the solid rock and roughly resembling such things as the well-known Snake Tomb in the ancient valley of Petra. and something about the ridgy. air . evidently public squares.after swooping down to a level where the wind became virtually negligible. one was too badly weathered to disclose what had been on the jutting eminence. Even so. some highly absorbing diversifications. ingrained scientific habit may have helped. There were. Where a sharp hill rose. hateful. recalled only dimly in the most obscure and distorted myths.or. Ib in the land of Mnar. It must have formed the primary nucleus and center of some archaic and unbelievable chapter of earth’s history whose outward ramifications. Fifty miles of flight in each direction showed no major change in the labyrinth of rock and masonry that clawed up corpselike through the eternal ice.to know what sort of beings had built and lived in this incalculably gigantic place. and Olathoc in the land of Lomar. The headlands at the stream’s entrance had been boldly carved into Cyclopean pylons. 44 . Of these latter. such as the carvings on the canyon where that broad river had once pierced the foothills and approached its sinking place in the great range. There seemed to be no limit to the mountain range. In my case.even weaving links betwixt this lost world and some of my own wildest dreams concerning the mad horror at the camp. we covered an enormous extent of ground . there burned a dominant curiosity to fathom more of this age-old secret . rather. had been only partly filled. We also came upon several star-shaped open spaces. and confusing semi-remembrances in both Danforth and me.not even of yesterday. Commoriom and Uzuldaroum. For this place could be no ordinary city. R’lyeh. The plane’s fuel tank. it was generally hollowed out into some sort of rambling-stone edifice. Here sprawled a Palaeogaean megalopolis compared with which the fabled Atlantis and Lemuria. and what relation to the general world of its time or of other times so unique a concentration of life could have had. a megalopolis ranking with such whispered prehuman blasphemies as Valusia. As we flew above that tangle of stark titan towers my imagination sometimes escaped all bounds and roved aimlessly in realms of fantastic associations . and the Nameless city of Arabia Deserta. however. hence we now had to exert caution in our explorations. and noted various undulations in the terrain. had vanished utterly amidst the chaos of terrene convulsions long before any human race we know had shambled out of apedom. for above all my bewilderment and sense of menace. barrel-shaped designs stirred up oddly vague.

this equipment having been carried in the plane on the chance that we might be able to effect a landing. and powerful electric torches with extra batteries. light provisions. hand camera. and in ten more miles we came to an unbroken waste virtually without signs of sentient artifice. and use on the ancient principle of hare and hounds for marking our course in any interior mazes we might be able to penetrate. Though these gradual slopes were partly covered with a scattering of ruins. Walking cautiously downhill over the crusted snow toward the stupendous stone labyrinth that loomed against the opalescent west. or mountain cave. specimen bags. even though its length along the foothills seemed endless. and that the vital parts of the mechanism were guarded against the cold. and took with us a small outfit consisting of pocket compass.Flying inland from the mountains. yet the prospect of actually entering primordial walls reared by conscious beings perhaps millions of years ago . take ground pictures.was none the 45 . Selecting that nearest to the pass. low flying soon disclosed an ampler number of possible landing places. The course of the river beyond the city seemed marked by a broad. we succeeded about 12:30 P. So far we had made no landing. place in a spare specimen bag. since our flight would be across the great range and back to camp. we decided to find a smooth place on the foothills near our navigable pass. hard snow field wholly devoid of obstacles and well adapted to a swift and favorable take. we had become visually familiar with the incredible secret concealed by the barrier peaks. After about thirty miles the grotesque stone buildings began to thin out. True. in effecting a landing on a smooth.off later on. For our foot journey we discarded the heaviest of our flying furs. geologist’s hammer and chisel. and obtain rock specimens from some bare slope. depressed line. outcropping. Accordingly. Fortunately we had a supply of extra paper to tear up. voluminous notebooks and paper. we felt almost as keen a sense of imminent marvels as we had felt on approaching the unfathomed mountain pass four hours previously.M. we discovered that the city was not of infinite width. seeming to slope slightly upward as it receded in the mist-hazed west. hence we merely saw that the landing skis were safely lodged. while the land assumed a somewhat greater ruggedness. yet to leave the plateau without an attempt at entering some of the monstrous structures would have been inconceivable. coil of climbing rope. make drawings and topographical sketches.before any known race of men could have existed . This had been brought in case we found some cave system with air quiet enough to allow such a rapid and easy method in place of the usual rock-chipping method of trail blazing. It did not seem necessary to protect the plane with a snow banking for so brief a time and in so comfortable an absence of high winds at this level. there grounding the plane and preparing to do some exploration on foot.

It took only a few steps to bring us to a shapeless ruin worn level with the snow. was something of which the smallest details will always remain engraved on my mind. shaped like a star and perhaps three hundred feet from point to point. and studied its mortarless Cyclopean masonry with complete bewilderment. Looking through these. with the upper wind shrieking vainly and savagely through the skyward peaks in the background. and that there were traces of banded carvings or bas-reliefs on the interior walls . averaging 6 x 8 feet in surface. Between us and the churning vapors of the west lay that monstrous tangle of dark stone towers. For this latter we headed. and when at last we were actually able to touch its weathered Cyclopean blocks. when flying low over this rampart and others like it. its outre and incredible forms impressing us afresh at every new angle of vision. we could see that the masonry was fully five feet thick. Though the thinness of the air at this prodigious altitude made exertion somewhat more difficult than usual. I would still doubt that such a thing could 46 .less awesome and potentially terrible in its implications of cosmic abnormality. but did not attempt to disturb the glaciated floor. We wished that Pabodie were present. both Danforth and I found ourselves bearing up very well. all traces of such things were now wholly obscured by the deep layer of ice and snow at this point. for his engineering knowledge might have helped us guess how such titanic blocks could have been handled in that unbelievably remote age when the city and its outskirts were built up. while ten or fifteen rods farther on there was a huge. Only in fantastic nightmares could any human beings but Danforth and me conceive such optical effects. was built of Jurassic sandstone blocks of irregular size. roofless rampart still complete in its gigantic five-pointed outline and rising to an irregular height of ten or eleven feet. that there were no partitions remaining within. The half-mile walk downhill to the actual city. Our orientation flights had indicated that many buildings in the city proper were less ice-choked. spaced quite symmetrically along the points of the star and at its inner angles. We crawled through one of the windows and vainly tried to decipher the nearly effaced mural designs. Before we left the rampart we photographed it carefully. It was a mirage in solid stone. This rampart.facts we had indeed guessed before. and with the bottoms about four feet from the glaciated surface. and were it not for the photographs. There was a row of arched loopholes or windows about four feet wide and five feet high. and that we might perhaps find wholly clear interiors leading down to the true ground level if we entered those structures still roofed at the top. Though lower parts must have originally existed. and felt equal to almost any task which might fall to our lot. we felt that we had established an unprecedented and almost blasphemous link with forgotten aeons normally closed to our species.

and utterly alien exoticism. the effect was subtly menacing in a way I can never hope to depict. terraces of every sort of provocative disproportion. clambering over fallen masonry and shrinking from the oppressive nearness and dwarfing height of omnipresent crumbling and pitted walls. outspread below us. the only broad open swath being a mile to the left. and five-pointed or five-ridged arrangements of mad grotesqueness. there must be a flight of steps or its equivalent. broken columns in curious groups. we believed. Now. As a whole. our sensations again became such that I marvel at the amount of self-control we retained. and some little better than tunnels because of the overhanging masonry or overarching bridges. for in one place . Danforth was frankly jumpy.where a debris-littered alley turned a sharp corner . reddish antarctic sun of early afternoon was struggling to shine. Our field glasses showed the external. The speculations worked on his imagination. that sun encountered a denser obstruction and plunged the scene into temporary shadow. Even the pictures illustrate only one or two phases of its endless variety. whilst elsewhere he 47 . When at last we plunged into the town itself. for a moment. too. There were geometrical forms for which an Euclid would scarcely find a name .cones of all degrees of irregularity and truncation. all of them deep canyons.be. where the ancient river had doubtless flowed through the town into the mountains. Of orderly streets there seemed to be none.even though most of the roofs and tower tops had necessarily perished. Under the glaciation. preternatural massiveness. it loomed like a dream fantasy against a westward mist through whose northern end the low. and when. and began making some offensively irrelevant speculations about the horror at the camp which I resented all the more because I could not help sharing certain conclusions forced upon us by many features of this morbid survival from nightmare antiquity. The last stage of our descent to the town was unusually steep and abrupt. As we drew nearer we could see beneath certain transparent parts of the ice sheet. and we could half imagine what the city must once have looked like . Even the faint howling and piping of the unfelt wind in the great mountain passes behind us took on a wilder note of purposeful malignity. The general type of masonry was identical with that of the rampart we had examined. and detect some of the tubular stone bridges that connected the crazily sprinkled structures at various heights. and a rock outcropping at the edge where the grade changed led us to think that an artificial terrace had once existed there. it had been a complex tangle of twisted lanes and alleys.he insisted that he saw faint traces of ground markings which he did not like. horizontal bands of nearly effaced sculptures and dot groups to be very prevalent. shafts with odd bulbous enlargements. but the extravagant shapes which this masonry took in its urban manifestations were past all description.

and our electric torches showed bold. They seemed to have become wedged in place. we were wandering amidst a death which had reigned at least five hundred thousand years. One. though spacious and inviting.whose edges showed the former presence of queer and long-vanished hinges .a muffled musical piping. Nevertheless. We had a rope with us. imaginary sound from some undefined point .in the bulges of a colossal fiveedged cone of undamaged apex . These things had come from Mesozoic gymnosperms and conifers .and from fan palms and early angiosperms of plainly Tertiary date. We wished a rather full set in order to draw better conclusions regarding the age of the place. opened on a seemingly bottomless abyss without visible means of descent. whilst others led only into ice-choked ruins as unroofed and barren as the rampart on the hill. distinct. but did not wish to bother with this twenty-foot drop unless obliged to-especially in this thin plateau air where great demands were made upon the heart action. yet somehow disturbingly different. This enormous room was probably a hall or concourse of some sort. 48 . but these were too high in the room to permit descent without a rope. and in all probability even longer. As we proceeded through this maze of stone-shadowed twilight we stopped at all available apertures to study interiors and investigate entrance possibilities. Some were above our reach. thus surviving the rusting of their former and probably metallic fixtures and fastenings. nor was any piece of stone in the entire place of a greater recency than the Pliocene Age.especially Cretaceous cycads . and potentially startling sculptures arranged round the walls in broad. well-preserved room with stone flooring. and we mechanically carried out our program of chipping specimens from all the different rock types represented in the masonry.which led into a vast. In the placing of these shutters . horizontal bands separated by equally broad strips of conventional arabesques. and were impressed by the fabulous antiquity implied in the still discernible grain.usage seemed to be varied some being on the outer and some on the inner side of the deep embrasures. After a time we came across a row of windows . In stark certainty. Nothing definitely later than the Pliocene could be discovered. and gave us a touch of terrible subconscious certainty concerning the primal entities which had reared and dwelt in this unhallowed place. he said. Nothing in the great outer walls seemed to date from later than the Jurassic and Comanchian periods. our scientific and adventurous souls were not wholly dead. not unlike that of the wind in the mountain caves.stopped to listen to a subtle. Now and then we had a chance to study the petrified wood of a surviving shutter. The ceaseless five-pointedness of the surrounding architecture and of the few distinguishable mural arabesques had a dimly sinister suggestiveness we could not escape.

of course. In the end. one gained a curious 49 . These archways. marking the former end of an aerial bridge which had spanned an alley about five feet above the present level of glaciation. for very little glaciation seemed to have entered the massive constructions. were flush with upper-story floors. but from now on. an archway about six feet wide and ten feet high. Indeed. Finally. except where impeded by local collapses and geologic rifts. we decided that we must begin our system of hare-and-hound trail blazing. and the archway seemed to open on a well of illimitable emptiness. Hitherto our compasses. we made the plunge. and scrambled up over the rubble into the gaping embrasure. Accordingly we reduced our extra paper to shreds of suitable size. and in this case one of the floors still existed. This method would probably gain us immunity from straying. For though we had penetrated into this tangle of archaic mystery. had been enough to prevent our losing our way. high corridor with sculptured walls. was a decrepit cylinder with no windows and with a curious bulge about ten feet above the aperture. Observing the many inner archways which led off from it. as if the town had been left in that uniform state until the glacial sheet came to crystallize the lower part for all succeeding time. and realizing the probable complexity of the nest of apartments within. The floor beyond was of great slate slabs. yet for a moment we hesitated before taking advantage of the long-wished chance. the artificial substitute would be necessary. where the other archway yawned. though. Just how extensive a territory we had opened up. It was totally dark inside. That across the alley. Heaped debris made the entrance to the vast left-hand building doubly easy. If such should develop. Almost all the areas of transparent ice had revealed the submerged windows as tightly shuttered. we could of course fall back on the more secure though more tedious and retarding method of rock chipping. planning to enter here unless a more easily gained interior were encountered. or if our paper supply should give out. and prepared to use them as economically as safety would allow. it was impossible to guess without a trial.We took careful note of this spot. we did encounter exactly the opening we wished. since there did not appear to be any strong air currents inside the primordial masonry. together with frequent glimpses of the vast mountain range between the towers in our rear. placed these in a bag to be carried by Danforth. The building thus accessible was a series of rectangular terraces on our left facing westward. The close and frequent connection of the different buildings made it likely that we might cross from one to another on bridges underneath the ice. and seemed to form the outlet of a long. it required fresh resolution to carry us actually inside a complete and surviving building of a fabulous elder world whose nature was becoming more and more hideously plain to us. however.

and perhaps some flood from the river. involving curiously irregular difference in floor levels.that monstrous lair of elder secrets which now echoed for the first time. but on the lower levels were excellently preserved. and it is lamentable that we had not a larger film supply with us. after uncounted epochs. After thoroughly examining the upper regions and the glacial level. rather than overwhelmed by any sudden calamity or even gradual decay. we descended. characterized the entire arrangement. story by story. transversely ribbed stone ramps or inclined planes which everywhere served in lieu of stairs. Had the coming of the ice been foreseen. The building which we had entered was one of great size and elaborateness. and 20 feet in height. aeon-dead honeycomb of primal masonry . Our flashlight photographs of those carvings will do much toward proving the truth of what we are now disclosing. The rooms we encountered were of all imaginable shapes and proportions. hence climbed aloft in the maze for a distance of some one hundred feet. where indeed we soon saw we were in a continuous maze of connected chambers and passages probably leading over unlimited areas outside this particular building. Perhaps the pressure of accumulated snows had been responsible. or from the bursting of some ancient glacial dam in the great range. we made crude notebook sketches of certain salient features after all our films were used up. The Cyclopean massiveness and gigantism of everything 50 . We decided to explore the more decrepit upper parts first of all. had helped to create the special state now observable. into the submerged part. VI It would be cumbrous to give a detailed. ranging from fivepointed stars to triangles and perfect cubes. As it was. Labyrinthine complexity. bygone aeon. consecutive account of our wanderings inside that cavernous. to the tread of human feet. This is especially true because so much of the horrible drama and revelation came from a mere study of the omnipresent mural carvings. to where the topmost tier of chambers yawned snowily and ruinously open to the polar sky. It had not. Imagination could conceive almost anything in connection with this place. Ascent was effected over the steep. The inner partitions were less massive than the outer walls. and had a nameless population left en masse to seek a less doomed abode? The precise physiographic conditions attending the formation of the ice sheet at this point would have to wait for later solution. It might be safe to say that their general average was about 30 x 30 feet in floor area. been a grinding drive. and we should certainly have been lost at the very outset but for the trail of torn paper left behind us. very plainly. though many larger apartments existed. and gave us an impressive notion of the architecture of that nameless geologic past.impression that this place had been deliberately closed and deserted in some dim.

dimensions. their background being depressed about two inches from the original wall surface. notwithstanding the intervening gulf of vast geologic periods. We cannot yet explain the engineering principles used in the anomalous balancing and adjustment of the vast rock masses. We soon realized. and of the dots perhaps a half inch more.about us became curiously oppressive. decorations. accomplished. and involved a peculiar treatment of perspective.the depression of the smooth surface was perhaps an inch and a half. which tended to run in continuous horizontal bands three feet wide and arranged from floor to ceiling in alternation with bands of equal width given over to geometrical arabesques. but had an artistic force that moved us profoundly. whilst the conventional designs were marvels of skillful intricacy. or of animal life. we soon saw. from what the carvings revealed. There were exceptions to this rule of arrangement. The pictorial bands followed a highly formalized tradition. The technique. The rooms we visited were wholly bare of all portable contents. The pictorial bands were in countersunk low relief. that this monstrous city was many million years old. In delicacy of execution no sculpture I have ever seen could approach it. and there was something vaguely but deeply unhuman in all the contours. however. and constructional nuances of the blasphemously archaic stonework. In some specimens marks of a former 51 . When cartouches with dot groups appeared . and were made up of obscurely symmetrical curves and angles based on the quantity of five. It is useless to try to compare this art with any represented in our museums.evidently as inscriptions in some unknown and primordial language and alphabet . The arabesques displayed a profound use of mathematical principles. and embodied an analytical psychology beyond that of any known race of antiquity. though the function of the arch was clearly much relied on. a circumstance which sustained our belief in the city’s deliberate desertion. proportions. and aesthetically evolved to the highest degree of civilized mastery. but its preponderance was overwhelming. were rendered with astonishing vividness despite the bold scale of the carvings. Those who see our photographs will probably find its closest analogue in certain grotesque conceptions of the most daring futurists. a series of smooth car-touches containing oddly patterned groups of dots would be sunk along one of the arabesque bands. The arabesque tracery consisted altogether of depressed lines. was mature. The prime decorative feature was the almost universal system of mural sculpture. though utterly alien in every detail to any known art tradition of the human race. The minutest details of elaborate vegetation. Often. whose depth on unweathered walls varied from one to two inches. Their method of design hinged on a singular juxtaposition of the cross section with the two-dimensional silhouette.

but once in a while containing some bizarre object carved from green soapstone which was either broken or perhaps held too inferior to warrant removal. Certain touches here and there gave vague hints of latent symbols and stimuli which another mental and emotional background. There were also frequent niches of great magnitude. though in no considerable quantity. In certain rooms the dominant arrangement was varied by the presence of maps. lighting.survived here and there. but had sometimes been inlaid with green soapstone or other tiles. The subject matter of the sculptures obviously came from the life of the vanished epoch of their creation. though for the most part the untold aeons had disintegrated and banished any pigments which may have been applied. and other scientific designs of an enlarged scale . and which caused us to place their photography and transcription above all other considerations. the very conventions themselves served to symbolize and accentuate the real essence or vital differentiation of every object delineated.these things giving a naive and terrible corroboration to what we gathered from the pictorial friezes and dadoes. 52 . both now and then retaining the petrified wooden planks elaborately carved and polished-of the actual shutters and doors.which made the carvings so awesomely informative to us. too. In hinting at what the whole revealed. through coincidence. miraculously in our favor . Floors were also paved with such tiles. It would be tragic if any were to be allured to that realm of death and horror by the very warning meant to discourage them. Ceilings tended to be plain.a chance circumstance operating. the more one admired the things. generally empty.mostly elliptical . Interrupting these sculptured walls were high windows and massive twelve-foot doorways. and a fuller or different sensory equipment.coloration could be detected. though plain stonework predominated. Window frames with odd transparent panes . might have made of profound and poignant significance to us. and contained a large proportion of evident history. All metal fixtures had long ago vanished. mostly fallen now. It is this abnormal historic-mindedness of the primal race .heating. Beneath their strict conventionalization one could grasp the minute and accurate observation and graphic skill of the artists. I can only hope that my account will not arouse a curiosity greater than sane caution on the part of those who believe me at all. that besides these recognizable excellences there were others lurking beyond the reach of our perceptions. and the like-of a sort suggested in many of the carvings. The more one studied the marvelous technique. and indeed. but some of the doors remained in place and had to be forced aside as we progressed from room to room. Other apertures were undoubtedly connected with bygone mechanical facilities . astronomical charts. We felt.

Of course.as in other structures we had seen from the air .saved the inner regions from total darkness. but added to these elements were the recent unexplained horror at the camp. as the decorative motifs of Minoan Crete exalted the sacred bull. A central court . I can scarcely bear to write it down in black and white even now. We had previously clung to a desperate alternative and insisted . Above the glacial sheet the floors were generally thick with detritus.As I have said. the lower levels were as littered as the upper ones. Mere dinosaurs were new 53 . Below the ice cap. where no ambiguity of interpretation could exist. it took only a brief study to give us the hideous truth . but the sculptures gave a clear idea of the strange devices which had once filled these tomblike. when man’s ancestors were primitive archaic mammals. In some of the lower chambers and corridors there was little more than gritty dust or ancient incrustations. and the revelations all too soon effected by the terrible mural sculptures around us. The things once rearing and dwelling in this frightful masonry in the age of dinosaurs were not indeed dinosaurs. and in many parts of the tangled ground level there was an approach to absolute blackness. and we were forced to face definitely the reason-shaking realization which the reader of these pages has doubtless long ago anticipated.each to himself . those of Egypt the scarabaeus. echoing rooms. those of Rome the wolf and the eagle. There could now be no further merciful doubt about the nature of the beings which had built and inhabited this monstrous dead city millions of years ago. But this lone refuge was now stripped from us.a truth which it would be naive to claim Danforth and I had not independently suspected before. and impressions. and debris. so that we seldom had to use our electric torches in the upper rooms except when studying sculptured details. but far worse. memories. To form even a rudimentary idea of our thoughts and feelings as we penetrated this aeon-silent maze of unhuman masonry. where rifts or collapses had occurred. but perhaps that will not be necessary. The moment we came upon a perfect section of carving. the twilight deepened.that the omnipresence of the five-pointed motifs meant only some cultural or religious exaltation of the Archaean natural object which had so patently embodied the quality of five-pointedness. however. The sheer appalling antiquity and lethal desolation of the place were enough to overwhelm almost any sensitive person. and vast dinosaurs roamed the tropical steppes of Europe and Asia. but farther down this condition decreased. and those of various savage tribes some chosen totem animal. all furniture and other movables were absent. while occasional areas had an uncanny air of newly swept immaculateness. litter. though we had carefully refrained from even hinting it to each other. one must correlate a hopelessly bewildering chaos of fugitive moods.

and above all doubt the originals of the fiendish elder myths which things like the Pnakotic Manuscripts and the Necronomicon affrightedly hint about. They were the great “Old Ones” that had filtered down from the stars when earth was young .rocks laid down before the true life of earth had advanced beyond plastic groups of cells . One edifice hewn from the solid rock seemed to go back forty or possibly even fifty million years . Naturally.but the builders of the city were wise and old.It is of course impossible for me to relate in proper order the stages by which we picked up what we know of that monstrous chapter of prehuman life.representing the preterrestrial life of the star-headed beings on other planets. and astronomical features . the oldest domestic structure we traversed.and that poor Lake and his party had seen their complete outlines .can readily be interpreted as the fantastic mythology of those beings themselves. yet such parts sometimes involved designs and diagrams so uncannily close to the latest findings of mathematics and astrophysics that I scarcely know what to think. with one tremendous exception.and embodied an art which would be called decadent in comparison with that of specimens we found in older buildings after crossing bridges under the glacial sheet.and almost brainless objects . we had to pause a while to recuperate.a cavern perhaps two hundred feet square and sixty feet 54 .the beings whose substance an alien evolution had shaped.rocks laid down before the true life of earth had existed at all. Let others judge when they see the photographs I shall publish. and whose powers were such as this planet had never bred. nor did we even begin to come upon the various stages of that story in their proper order. They were the makers and enslavers of that life. no one set of carvings which we encountered told more than a fraction of any connected story. I would refrain from telling what I found and inferred. The best of the maps and diagrams were on the walls of a frightful abyss below even the ancient ground level . that we encountered. biological. whilst in other cases a continuous chronicle would be carried through a series of rooms and corridors. and had left certain traces in rocks even then laid down well nigh a thousand million years .perhaps two million years ago-as checked up by geological. The sculptures in the building we entered were of relatively late date . Were it not for the support of those flashlights soon to be made public. After the first shock of the certain revelation. Of course. the infinitely early parts of the patchwork tale . And to think that only the day before Danforth and I had actually looked upon fragments of their millennially fossilized substance . lest I be confined as a madman.to the lower Eocene or upper Cretaceous . Some of the vast rooms were independent units so far as their designs were concerned. in other galaxies. we have since agreed.and contained bas-reliefs of an artistry surpassing anything else. and it was fully three o’clock before we got started on our actual tour of systematic research. and in other universes . That was.

Their preternatural toughness of organization and simplicity of natural wants made them peculiarly able to live on a high plane without the more specialized fruits of artificial manufacture.high. and the coming of many other alien entities such as at certain times embark upon spatial pioneering. that they first created earth life . But it had to be. though. and certain summaries or phases of racial history. There were many provoking repetitions of the same material in different rooms and buildings. It may be the effect of this later study . Here I shall sketch only the salient highlights in a formless. I still wonder that we deduced so much in the short time at our disposal. They had lived under the sea a good deal. but had receded upon finding its effects emotionally unsatisfying. though they made use of its more widespread and elaborate forms only when obliged to. VII The full story. so far as deciphered. except for occasional protection against the elements. had evidently been favorites with different decorators or dwellers. Evidently their scientific and mechanical knowledge far surpassed man’s today. we even now have only the barest outline . Myth or otherwise.using available substances according to long-known methods. will eventually appear in an official bulletin of Miskatonic University. since certain chapters of experience. They seemed able to traverse the interstellar ether on their vast membranous wings . The more elaborate experiments came after the annihilation of various cosmic 55 . and even without garments. Sometimes. Of course. Some of the sculptures suggested that they had passed through a stage of mechanized life on other planets. for we could not issue our warning intelligently without the fullest possible information. rambling way.and much of that was obtained later on from a study of the photographs and sketches we made. It was under the sea. at first for food and later for other purposes.their coming. variant versions of the same theme proved useful in settling debatable points and filling up gaps.which has been the immediate source of Danforth’s present breakdown. which had almost undoubtedly been an educational center of some sort. the sculptures told of the coming of those star-headed things to the nascent. building fantastic cities and fighting terrific battles with nameless adversaries by means of intricate devices employing unknown principles of energy. Certain lingering influences in that unknown antarctic world of disordered time and alien natural law make it imperative that further exploration be discouraged. and the issuance of that warning is a prime necessity.the revived memories and vague impressions acting in conjunction with his general sensitiveness and with that final supposed horror-glimpse whose essence he will not reveal even to me .thus oddly confirming some curious hill folklore long ago told me by an antiquarian colleague. lifeless earth out of cosmic space .

they allowed other cell groups to develop into other forms of animal and vegetable life for sundry purposes. having manufactured not only necessary foods. both under the sea and after part of them migrated to land. and tiers of thin. which in the actual city around us had.probably to secure phosphorescence which the basreliefs could not make clear to us. delicate finials on certain cone and pyramid apexes. the small. They had done the same thing on other planets. even to ourselves. Those lower down in the ocean depths. and showed vast clusters of needle-like spires. though they used a curious phosphorescent organism to furnish light. horizontal scalloped disks capping cylindrical shafts. Indeed. we were impressed by a curious coincidence which we have not yet tried to explain. When the star-headed Old Ones on this planet had synthesized their simple food forms and bred a good supply of Shoggoths. These viscous masses were without doubt what Abdul Alhazred whispered about as the “Shoggoths” in his frightful Necronomicon. were clearly displayed in the basreliefs. the highly adaptable Old Ones had lived much on land in other parts of the universe. This was exactly what we had seen in that monstrous and portentous mirage. been weathered into shapeless ruins ages ago. With the aid of the Shoggoths. The tops of the buildings. Their forms of sculpture and writing had changed curiously during the descent.enemies. As we studied the architecture of all these sculptured palaeogean cities. whose expansions could be made to lift prodigious weights. Those in shallow water had continued the fullest use of the eyes at the ends of their five main head tentacles. Of the life of the Old Ones. low cities under the sea grew to vast and imposing labyrinths of stone not unlike those which later rose on land. but certain multicellular protoplasmic masses capable of molding their tissues into all sorts of temporary organs under hypnotic influence and thereby forming ideal slaves to perform the heavy work of the community. embodying certain apparently chemical coating processes .senses which rendered all the Old Ones partly independent of light in emergencies. cast by a dead city whence such skyline features had been absent for thousands and tens of thousands of years. volumes could be written.the writing accomplished with a stylus on waterproof waxen surfaces. though even that mad Arab had not hinted that any existed on earth except in the dreams of those who had chewed a certain alkaloidal herb. which loomed on our ignorant eyes across the unfathomed mountains of madness as we first approached poor Lake’s ill-fated camp. of course. pieced out their vision with obscure special senses operating through the prismatic cilia on their heads . and had practiced the arts of sculpture and of writing in quite the usual way . including that whose aeon-dead corridors we were even then traversing. The beings moved in the sea 56 . extirpating any whose presence became troublesome. and probably retained many traditions of land construction.

The beings multiplied by means of spores . breathing. The fact that they covered their vertically inhumed dead with five-pointed inscribed mounds set up thoughts in Danforth and me which made a fresh pause and recuperation necessary after the sculptures revealed it. The prevailing intellectual and aesthetic life was highly evolved. like vegetables. and in their natural state could live in water down to freezing. and consequent lack of replacement needs. In any case they could not have prolonged the artificial state indefinitely without harm. but now and then flew to great heights or over long distances with their wings. legend said. they vastly preferred organic and especially animal food.until at last the deadly cold appears to have driven them back into the sea. they did not encourage the large-scale development of new prothallia except when they had new regions to colonize. On land they locally used the pseudofeet. strong. and their burial places were very limited. but seemed to organize large households on the principles of comfortable space. as Lake had suspected .and partly by wriggling with the lower tier of tentacles containing the pseudofeet. and accurate in muscular-nervous coordination . owing to their prodigious toughness and longevity.partly by swimming . When the great chill of the Pleistocene drew on. flexible. The young matured swiftly. These varied slightly according to sea or land residence. or heat conditions . however . Occasionally they accomplished long swoops with the auxiliary use of two or more sets of their fanlike folding wings.nearly a million years ago-the land dwellers had to resort to special measures. They resisted all ordinary temperatures marvelously. and produced a tenaciously enduring set of customs and institutions which I shall describe more fully in my coming monograph.ensuring the utmost skill and dexterity in all artistic and other manual operations. They ate uncooked marine life under the sea. and received an education evidently beyond any standard we can imagine.as we deduced 57 .like vegetable pteridophytes. Being nonpairing and semivegetable in structure. to derive nourishment from inorganic substances. The toughness of the things was almost incredible. The many slender tentacles into which the crinoid arms branched were infinitely delicate.utility and . For their prehistoric flights through cosmic space. Even the terrific pressure of the deepest sea bottoms appeared powerless to harm them.but.slaughtering with sharp weapons whose odd marks on certain fossil bones our expedition had noted. Very few seemed to die at all except by violence.but by the time of the great cold they had lost track of the method. they absorbed certain chemicals and became almost independent of eating. including artificial heating . but had the same foundations and essentials. Though able. but cooked their viands on land. the Old Ones had no biological basis for the family phase of mammal life.using the lateral crinoid arms . They hunted game and raised meat herds .

primitive mammal. Though few or none of their first cities seem to have remained beyond the Archaean Age. Probably the smaller of the various greenish soapstones found by our expedition were pieces of such currency. serving as money. Their original place of advent to the planet was the Antarctic Ocean. marine. both local and between different cities . and water movement alike the Old Ones seemed to possess excessively vast capacities for speed. air. In the building of land cities the huge stone blocks of the high towers were generally lifted by vast-winged pterodactyls of a species heretofore unknown to paleontology.Shoggoths under the sea. Loads.from the pictured occupations and diversions of co-dwellers . used sometimes for food and sometimes as an amusing buffoon by the land dwellers. According to one of the sculptured maps the 58 . and it is likely that they came not long after the matter forming the moon was wrenched from the neighboring South Pacific. was accomplished by a device probably electrochemical in nature. For personal locomotion no external aid was used. as well as an infinity of other life forms . flat counters. of course. however. There was extensive commerce. In furnishing their homes they kept everything in the center of the huge rooms. Mining and a limited amount of manufacturing were also practiced.animal and vegetable. were mechanically exterminated. five-pointed and inscribed. Government was evidently complex and probably socialistic. but escaping beyond their radius of attention. Travel was very frequent. They had been suffered to develop unchecked because they had not come in conflict with the dominant beings. These vertebrates. The persistence with which the Old Ones survived various geologic changes and convulsions of the earth’s crust was little short of miraculous. since in land.congenial mental association. some agriculture and much stock raising existed. and a curious variety of primitive vertebrates in the later years of land existence. leaving all the wall spaces free for decorative treatment. were drawn by beasts of burden . chairs and couches like cylindrical frames . Both on land and under water they used curious tables. Lighting. terrestrial. Bothersome forms.certain small. It interested us to see in some of the very last and most decadent sculptures a shambling. in the case of the land inhabitants. whose vaguely simian and human foreshadowings were unmistakable. and aerial . Though the culture was mainly urban.and racks for hinged sets of dotted surfaces forming their books.for they rested and slept upright with folded.down tentacles . there was no interruption in their civilization or in the transmission of their records. but permanent migration seemed relatively rare except for the vast colonizing movements by which the race expanded.were the products of unguided evolution acting on life cells made by the Old Ones. though no certainties in this regard could be deduced from the sculptures we saw.

so that the Old Ones were again supreme on the planet except for one shadowy fear about which they did not like to speak. From then on. Later peace was made. New land cities were founded . reproducing by fission and acquiring a dangerous degree of accidental intelligence. taking with them the frightful stone city of R’lyeh and all the cosmic octopi. At a rather later age their cities dotted all the land and water areas of the globe . the antarctic remained the center of the Old Ones’ civilization. Later maps. as before. and sending certain detached parts northward. though the ocean was never wholly deserted.soon began filtering down from cosmic infinity and precipitated a -monstrous war which for a time drove the Old Ones wholly back to the sea . and had modeled their tough plasticity into various useful temporary limbs and organs. 59 . Another race . The steady trend down the ages was from water to land . which display the land mass as cracking and drifting. so that the Old Ones had to depend on the molding of forms already in existence. Then suddenly the lands of the Pacific sank again. and all the cities built there by the Cthulhu spawn were blotted out. and Joly. Another cause of the landward movement was the new difficulty in breeding and managing the Shoggoths upon which successful sea life depended.whole globe was then under water. but now their self-modeling powers were sometimes exercised independently. and the new lands were given to the Cthulhu spawn whilst the Old Ones held the sea and the older lands. They had always been controlled through the hypnotic suggestions of the Old Ones.a movement encouraged by the rise of new land masses.hence the recommendation in my coming monograph that some archaeologist make systematic borings with Pabodie’s type of apparatus in certain widely separated regions. and in various imitative forms implanted by past suggestion.a land race of beings shaped like octopi and probably corresponding to fabulous prehuman spawn of Cthulhu . presented for a time a formidable problem. the art of creating new life from inorganic matter had been lost.the greatest of them in the antarctic. where it is evident that some of the beings made experimental settlements.a colossal blow in view of the increasing land settlements. uphold in a striking way the theories of continental drift lately advanced by Taylor. With the march of time. Some of the marine cities were hopelessly shattered. Another map shows a vast bulk of dry land around the south pole. but the Shoggoths of the sea. yet that was not the worst misfortune. On land the great reptiles proved highly tractable. with stone cities scattered farther and farther from the antarctic as aeons passed. as the sculptures sadly confessed. With the upheaval of new land in the South Pacific tremendous events began. for this region of first arrival was sacred. Wegener. though their main centers were transferred to the nearest sea bottom.

despite all traditional preparations. They were able to undergo transformations and reintegrations impossible for their adversaries. Little by little the slow retreat of the elder race to their original antarctic habitat was beginning. and each averaged about fifteen feet in diameter when a sphere. Thereafter the sculptures showed a period in which Shoggoths were tamed and broken by armed Old Ones as the wild horses of the American west were tamed by cowboys. for the first time since their terrene advent. slime-coated fashion in which the Shoggoths typically left their slain victims. Whatever the old secret of interstellar travel had been. They had. it seems. Sculptured images of these Shoggoths filled Danforth and me with horror and loathing. this transition was not encouraged . Though during the rebellion the Shoggoths had shown an ability to live out of water. or abominable Snow Men. The Old Ones had used curious weapons of molecular and atomic disturbances against the rebel entities. hearing. however. it was now definitely lost to the race. perhaps one hundred and fifty million years ago. In the end the Mi-Go drove the Old Ones out of all the northern lands. and speech in imitation of their masters. though they were powerless to disturb those in the sea. They were normally shapeless entities composed of a viscous jelly which looked like an agglutination of bubbles.They had. held a marvelously fearsome quality despite the intervening abyss of untold ages. to sally forth again into the planetary ether. To fight these beings the Old Ones attempted. a constantly shifting shape and volume . It was curious to note from the pictured battles that both the Cthulhu spawn and the Mi-Go seem to have been composed of matter more widely different from that which we know than was the substance of the Old Ones. The Old Ones. but for their abnormal toughness and peculiar vital 60 .throwing out temporary developments or forming apparent organs of sight. found it no longer possible to leave the earth’s atmosphere. and of the headless. and seem therefore to have originally come from even remoter gulfs of the cosmic space. but. developed a semistable brain whose separate and occasionally stubborn volition echoed the will of the Old Ones without always obeying it. when a veritable war of resubjugation was waged upon them by the marine Old Ones.since their usefulness on land would hardly have been commensurate with the trouble of their management.this time by half-fungous. and remembered in the Himalayas as the Mi-Go. either spontaneously or according to suggestion. and in the end had achieved a complete victory. During the Jurassic Age the Old Ones met fresh adversity in the form of a new invasion from outer space . half-crustacean creatures creatures undoubtedly the same as those figuring in certain whispered hill legends of the north. They seem to have become peculiarly intractable toward the middle of the Permian Age. Pictures of this war.

and Joly that all the continents are fragments of an original antarctic land mass which cracked from centrifugal force and drifted apart over a technically viscous lower surface . Conceivably.bore symbols of the Old Ones’ vast stone cities. and the antarctic continent. while in other cases its bold deductions are magnificently confirmed.properties. the hypothesis of Taylor. Destruction of cities through the upthrust of mountains.an hypothesis suggested by such things as the complementary outlines of Africa and South America. Knowledge and interest in the northern world. save for a study of coast lines probably made during long exploration flights on those fanlike membranous wings. the seismic convulsions of land or sea bottom. and of South America with the antarctic continent through Graham Land. and must have had their absolute origin within the known space-time continuum . and it was curious to observe how fewer 61 . and other natural causes. Asia. In the Carboniferous map the whole globe-ocean floor and rifted land mass alike . since historical interest and pride obviously formed their chief psychological element. had evidently declined to zero among the Old Ones. of course. and the way the great mountain chains are rolled and shoved up .receives striking support from this uncanny source. Maps evidently showing the Carboniferous world of an hundred million or more years ago displayed significant rifts and chasms destined later to separate Africa from the once continuous realms of Europe (then the Valusia of primal legend). As I have said. nor any ocean cities north of the fiftieth parallel of South Latitude.dating perhaps from the Pliocene Age the approximate world of today appeared quite clearly despite the linkage of Alaska with Siberia. In certain cases existing science will require revision. Wegener. It is significant that their annals failed to mention many advanced and potent races of beings whose mighty cultures and towering cities figure persistently in certain obscure legends. Other charts . the Americas.whereas the first sources of the other beings can only be guessed at with bated breath. the centrifugal rending of continents. was a matter of common record. All this. were strictly material. And in the latest discoverable specimen . but in the later charts the gradual recession toward the antarctic became very plain. the Old Ones might have invented a cosmic framework to account for their occasional defeats.showed all the present continents well differentiated. The final Pliocene specimen showed no land cities except on the antarctic continent and the tip of South America. The changing state of the world through long geologic ages appeared with startling vividness in many of the sculptured maps and scenes.and most significantly one in connection with the founding fifty million years ago of the vast dead city around us . assuming that the non-terrestrial linkages and the anomalies ascribed to the invading foes are not pure mythology. of North America with Europe through Greenland.

Longitude 60° to Latitude 70°.many of whose features we could recognize in the sculptures. Longitude 115°. I have said that these peaks are higher than the Himalayas.the first part that ever rose from the waters after the earth had flung off the moon and the Old 62 . Of all existing lands. That grim honor is beyond doubt reserved for something which half the sculptures hesitated to record at all. Certainly. it was infinitely the most ancient. Danforth and I studied with especial interest and a peculiarly personal sense of awe everything pertaining to the immediate district in which we were. but which stretched fully a hundred miles along the mountain range in each direction beyond the farthest limits of our aerial survey . but the sculptures forbid me to say that they are earth’s highest. Of this local material there was naturally a vast abundance. where reputedly the first Old Ones had settled on a primal sea bottom. icelocked coast whose hills were glimpsed by Wilkes and Mawson at the antarctic circle. which thrust up to light after long epochs in the course of the general crumbling of strata. and most terrible of all the corners of earth’s globe.there were reputed to be preserved certain sacred stones forming part of the first sea-bottom city. This was the last place we examined in detail. It appeared that this general region was the most sacred spot of all. The vast dead megalopolis that yawned around us seemed to be the last general center of the race . whilst others approached it with obvious repugnance and trepidation. and on the tangled ground level of the city we were lucky enough to find a house of very late date whose walls. The conviction grew upon us that this hideous upland must indeed be the fabled nightmare plateau of Leng which even the mad author of the Necronomicon was reluctant to discuss. It seems that there was one part of the ancient land . we were in one of the strangest. with its concave side toward our camp and its seaward end in the region of that long.built early in the Cretaceous Age after a titanic earth buckling had obliterated a still vaster predecessor not far distant. E. Yet even more monstrous exaggerations of nature seemed disturbingly close at hand. That really high part stretched in a mighty arc from about Latitude 82°. E. In the new city . though somewhat damaged by a neighboring rift. The great mountain chain was tremendously long .starting as a low range at Luitpold Land on the east coast of Weddell Sea and virtually crossing the entire continent. since what we found there gave us a fresh immediate objective. VIII Naturally. contained sculptures of decadent workmanship carrying the story of the region much beyond the period of the Pliocene map whence we derived our last general glimpse of the prehuman world.and fewer replacements were made as the ages wore on. weirdest.

E. But the terrain close at hand was hardly less strange. so that we would have spied their dreaded summits in the dim western distance had it not been for that vague. Then when the first great earth buckling had convulsed the region in the Comanchian Age. from about Latitude 77°.Queen Mary and Kaiser Wilhelm Lands . I am not as sceptical about old tales and fears as I used to be.radically vaster than even the shocking mountains of madness we had crossed. Cities built there had crumbled before their time. Longitude 100° . a frightful line of peaks had shot suddenly up amidst the most appalling din and chaos . opalescent haze. in the decadent days. and as I studied the emotions conveyed in the carvings. and I do not laugh now at the prehuman sculptor’s notion that lightning paused meaningfully now and then at each of the brooding crests.and earth had received her loftiest and most terrible mountains. In the course of ages the caves had appeared. There are protecting hills along the coast beyond them . and the plains below them were a veritable network of connected caverns and galleries. This vast nighted gulf had undoubtedly been worn by the great river which flowed down from the nameless and horrible westward mountains.and I thank Heaven no one has been able to land and climb those hills.Ones had seeped down. had made strange prayers to those mountains . and had been found suddenly deserted. Many graphic sculptures told of explorations deep underground. Some of the Old Ones. There may be a very real and very monstrous meaning in the old Pnakotic whispers about Kadath in the Cold Waste. so that the mountains. and which 63 . Longitude 70° to Latitude 70°.which had come to be shunned as vaguely and namelessly evil. it appeared. the foothills. I prayed that none ever might. and that an unexplained glow shone from one of those terrible pinnacles all through the long polar night. They extended. Soon after the founding of the city the great mountain range became the seat of the principal temples. E.less than three hundred miles away from the dead city. even if less namelessly accursed. No human eye had ever seen them. and had been shaped into adjuncts of the temples. If the scale of the carvings was correct. from the stars . and many carvings showed what grotesque and fantastic towers had pierced the sky where now we saw only the curiously clinging cubes and ramparts. all the limestone veins of the region were hollowed out by ground waters. Their northern end must likewise be visible from the long antarctic circle coast line at Queen Mary Land. these abhorred things must have been much over forty thousand feet high . With the advance of still later epochs. and of the final discovery of the Stygian sunless sea that lurked at earth’s bowels.but none ever went near them or dared to guess what lay beyond.

had carved into ornate pylons those headlands of the foothills where the great stream began its descent into eternal darkness. important buildings. I almost forgot the clammy sense of sinister oppression with which the city’s inhuman age and massiveness and deadness and remoteness and glacial twilight had choked and weighed on my spirit. and which has never departed from the ill- 64 . It must have had a marvelous and mystic beauty. till at last its sapping currents reached the caverns of the ground waters and joined with them in digging a deeper abyss. Its position in different carvings of the city helped us to orient ourselves to the scene as it had been at various stages of the region’s age-long. This river. of course. We meant to look farther later on. aeon-dead history. understanding what had happened. Finally its whole bulk emptied into the hollow hills and left the old bed toward the ocean dry.squares. and exercising their always keen artistic sense. for there was a somber and recurrent type of scene in which the Old Ones were shown in the act of recoiling affrightedly from some object .for after all hope of a long future occupancy of the place had perished among the Old Ones. there could not but have been a complete cessation of mural decoration. Yet according to certain carvings. have been a limit . but as I have said. and the like . Little by little it had eaten away the limestone hill base at its turning. It was only in the one late-built house with the decadent carvings that we obtained any foreshadowing of the final calamity leading to the city’s desertion. There would. for the sculptures told us exactly what the buildings and mountains and squares and suburbs and landscape setting and luxuriant Tertiary vegetation had looked like. was plainly the one whose extinct course we had seen in our aeroplane survey.never allowed to appear in the design . was the coming of the great cold which once held most of the earth in thrall.for guidance in further explorations. very certain evidence of the existence of others came to us shortly afterward. But this was the first and only set we directly encountered.had formerly turned at the base of the Old Ones’ range and flowed beside that chain into the Indian Ocean between Budd and Totten Lands on Wilkes’s coast line. Undoubtedly there must have been many sculptures of the same age elsewhere. indeed. immediate conditions dictated another present objective. the denizens of that city had themselves known the clutch of oppressive terror. once crossed by scores of noble stone bridges. Much of the later city as we now found it had been built over that former bed. We could soon reconstruct in fancy the whole stupendous thing as it was a million or ten million or fifty million years ago.found in the great river and indicated as having been washed down through waving. though. even allowing for the slackened energies and aspirations of a stressful and uncertain period. vine-draped cycad forests from those horrible westward mountains. The Old Ones. and as I thought of it. so that we were able to sketch a hasty but careful map of the salient features . The ultimate blow.

The linkage of old and new abodes was made more effective by means of several gradings and improvements along the connecting routes. Heating devices were shown in the houses. no doubt. Nowadays we set the beginning of the general glacial periods at a distance of about five hundred thousand years from the present. In the decadent sculptures there were signs of thinner vegetation everywhere.no doubt because of its greater certainty of uniform warmth. it seems. put an end to the fabled lands of Lomar and Hyperborea.the great cold that. including the chiseling of numerous direct tunnels from the ancient metropolis to the black abyss . and for retaining the vast land city as a place of summer residence and base of communication with various mines.both being on the mountainward edge of the city. and the other perhaps twice that distance in the opposite direction. but the Old Ones built their new city under water . and that the actual desertion of the city was complete long before the conventional opening of the Pleistocene . one less than a quarter of a mile toward the ancient river course. Then we saw a series of cartouches . Just when this tendency began in the antarctic.the continuous band arrangement being frequently interrupted in these late carvings . according to our most thoughtful estimates.five hundred thousand years ago . and of a decreased country life on the part of the Old Ones.depicting a constantly growing migration to the nearest refuges of greater warmth .fated poles . The abyss.some fleeing to cities under the sea off the far-away coast. had shelving shores of dry land at certain places. All quantitative estimates are partly guesswork. The depth of the hidden sea appears to have been very great. In the end it seems to have been the neighboring abyss which received the greatest colonization. but may have been more conclusively determined by the opportunities it gave for continuing the use of the great temples on the honeycombed mountains. and some clambering down through networks of limestone caverns in the hollow hills to the neighboring black abyss of subterrene waters. to the traditional sacredness of this special region. but it is quite likely that the decadent sculptures were made considerably less than a million years ago.as reckoned in terms of the earth’s whole surface. on the guide map we were compiling.sharply down-pointing tunnels whose mouths we carefully drew. It was obvious that at least two of these tunnels lay within a reasonable exploring distance of where we were . This was partly due. and winter travelers were represented as muffled in protective fabrics. it would be hard to say in terms of exact years. but at the poles the terrible scourge must have commenced much earlier. at the world’s other extremity. so that the earth’s internal heat could ensure its habitability for an indefinite 65 .

if poor Lake’s dissection had indicated aright . and its workmanship displaying relatively little decadence because of the precise mathematical element inherent in building operations. though of course with a certain decadence. The phosphorescent organisms supplied light With vast effectiveness. these latest carvings had a truly epic quality where they told of the building of the new city in the cavern sea. The beings seemed to have had no trouble in adapting themselves to part-time .and eventually.Shoggoth tissue from which to breed stone lifters and subsequent beasts of burden for the cavern city. and how they had habitually bathed on the deep bottom of their great river. There were many sculptures which showed how they had always frequently visited their submarine kinsfolk elsewhere. At last a mighty metropolis rose on the bottom of that Stygian sea. The darkness of inner earth could likewise have been no deterrent to a race accustomed to long antarctic nights. of course. stripped Greece and Asia of their finest art to give his new Byzantine capital greater splendors than its own people could create. and other protoplasmic matter to mold into phosphorescent organisms for lighting purposes. in a similar age of decline. Decadent though their style undoubtedly was. At any rate.or had ceased to recognize the superior merit of the older carvings. They seemed to converse with the Old Ones by mimicking their voices . These workers brought with them all that was necessary to establish the new venture . The newly bred Shoggoths grew to enormous size and singular intelligence. and doubtless atoned for the loss of the familiar polar auroras of the outer-world night. That the transfer of sculptured blocks had not been more extensive was doubtless owing to the fact that the land city was not at first wholly abandoned.and to work more from spoken commands than from hypnotic suggestions as in earlier times. and in many cases anticipated the policy of Constantine the Great by transplanting especially fine blocks of ancient carving from their land city.quarrying insoluble rocks from the heart of the honeycombed mountains. The Old Ones had gone about it scientifically . By the time total abandonment did occur . and employing expert workers from the nearest submarine city to perform the construction according to the best methods.a sort of musical piping over a wide range.and it surely must have occurred before the polar Pleistocene was far advanced . just as the emperor.period. They were. and were represented as taking and executing orders with marvelous quickness. however. The Old Ones seemed to realize this falling off themselves.the Old Ones had perhaps become satisfied with their decadent art .residence under water. Art and decoration were pursued. since they had never allowed their gill systems to atrophy. whole-time . the aeon-silent ruins around us had certainly undergone no 66 . its architecture much like that of the city above. kept in admirable control.

grotesque penguins. And has the killer-whale theory really explained the savage and mysterious scars on antarctic seals noticed a generation ago by Borchgrevingk? The specimens found by poor Lake did not enter into these guesses. for the sculptures showed many signs of the cold’s malign encroachments. The great river was now lifeless. They were. And yet we could not help thinking about these specimens . and we reflected that in their day the seacavern city. for their geologic setting proved them to have lived at what must have been a very early date in the land city’s history. The decadent cartouches and dadoes telling this story were. What had happened afterward we could only guess. and indeed the cavern itself. the latest we could find in our limited search. a stony corpse in eternal blackness? Had the subterranean waters frozen at last? To what fate had the ocean-bottom cities of the outer world been delivered? Had any of the Old Ones shifted north ahead of the creeping ice cap? Existing geology shows no trace of their presence. To keep on with the work of the upper world it had become necessary to adapt some of the amorphous and curiously cold-resistant Shoggoths to land life . and a great river sweeping northward along the base of the mighty mountains toward a far-away tropic ocean. and sometimes trading with the sea-bottom cities off the antarctic coast. and the terrible snows of the winter no longer melted completely even in midsummer. like other movables. in the lightless and unplumbed abysses of earth’s deepest waters? Those things had seemingly been able to withstand any amount of pressure . The saunan livestock were nearly all dead. save only the great.and men of the sea have fished up curious objects at times. and the mammals were standing it none too well. as I have said. had been taken away. had had no existence. and the upper sea had lost most of its denizens except the seals and whales. They left us with a picture of the Old Ones shuttling back and forth betwixt the land city in summer and the seacavern city in winter.a thing the Old Ones had formerly been reluctant to do. a younger land city of flourishing arts around them.wholesale sculptural denudation. according to their location. All the birds had flown away. Vegetation was declining. Had the frightful Mi-Go been still a menace in the outer land world of the north? Could one be sure of what might or might not linger. There 67 . though all the best separate statues. certainly not less than thirty million years old.especially about the eight perfect ones that were missing from Lake’s hideously ravaged camp. even to this day. By this time the ultimate doom of the land city must have been recognized. with lush Tertiary vegetation everywhere. They would have remembered an older scene. How long had the new seacavern city survived? Was it still down there.

We had done so much studying and copying below the glacial level that our battery supply had had at least five hours of nearly continuous use.but just now we must hasten. sunless cliffs about the great abyss. to work up to full daylight by one channel or another if granted sufficient time for plentiful trial and error. IX I have said that our study of the decadent sculptures brought about a change in our immediate objective. and we were reluctant to sacrifice spare notebooks or sketching paper to augment it. hence in order to make the abyss trip we must give up all further mural deciphering. down whose sides paths.was something abnormal about that whole business . From the evident scale of the carvings we deduced that a steeply descending walk of about a mile through either of the neighboring tunnels would bring us to the brink of the dizzy. and were prepared to believe and keep silent about many appalling and incredible secrets of primal nature.those frightful graves . and despite the special dry cell formula. of course. but which we were now eager to find and traverse. It was now 8 P.curiosity having long ago got the better of horror . Our supply of trail-blazing paper was far from unlimited. led to the rocky shore of the hidden and nighted ocean.the amount and nature of the missing material . and the queer vital freaks the sculptures now showed the race to have . except for especially interesting or difficult places. we might manage to eke out a safe margin beyond that. even in case of really lost direction. So at last we set off eagerly in the indicated direction of the nearest tunnel.the unearthly toughness of those archaic monstrosities. This.and of course it would be possible.. To behold this fabulous gulf in stark reality was a lure which seemed impossible of resistance once we knew of the thing . had to do with the chiseled avenues to the black inner world.Gedney . and we did not have enough battery replacements to let our torches burn on forever. would obviously be good for only about four more . but we did let one large notebook go.the strange things we had tried so hard to lay to somebody’s madness .though by keeping one torch unused. of whose existence we had not known before. It would not do to be without a light in these Cyclopean catacombs.yet we realized we must begin the quest at once if we expected to include it in our present trip. 68 .Danforth and I had seen a good deal in the last few hours. If worse came to worst we could resort to rock chipping .M. improved by the Old Ones. Of course we intended to revisit the place for days and perhaps weeks of intensive study and photography .

we slowed down once in a while and turned on our second torch. encountering choked doorways and piles of debris. It is necessary. hence we concluded that its upper parts had been greatly damaged. In the latter case the tunnel would probably turn out to be choked. taking false leads and retracing our way (in such cases removing the blind paper trail we had left). Many must have told tales of immense historical importance.on the angle nearest the foothills .According to the carvings from which we had made our map. is very strong. we would certainly have paused briefly to photograph certain bas-reliefs. I suppose we would have been warned before. We had wormed our way very close to the computed site of the tunnel’s mouth . shortly before 8:30 P. If we had had a dog with us. The intervening river course prevented our trying any of the more southern tunnels on this trip. and once in a while striking the bottom of an open shaft through which daylight poured or trickled down . As it was. or to hint rather than state. hastening now and then along finely preserved and uncannily immaculate stretches.the one less than a mile to the north.M.when. however. to reveal the rest in order to justify my course in discouraging further exploration. and indeed.about a mile beyond our second choice. No such structure came to our minds as we recalled our flight. so that we would have to try the next nearest one . At first we could not precisely say what was wrong with the formerly crystal-pure 69 . and only the prospect of later visits reconciled us to the need of passing them by. clambering up ramps. which we tried to identify from our aerial survey of the ruins. I come now once more to a place where the temptation to hesitate. The opening itself would be in the basement . Danforth’s keen young nostrils gave us the first hint of something unusual. the desired tunnel mouth could not be much more than a quarter of a mile from where we stood. or that it had been totally shattered in an ice rift we had noticed. but time-consuming hand-copying was clearly out of the question.. if both of the neighboring ones were choked it was doubtful whether our batteries would warrant an attempt on the next northerly one . the intervening space showing solid-looking buildings quite likely to be penetrable still at a sub-glacial level.of a vast five-pointed structure of evidently public and perhaps ceremonial nature. As we threaded our dim way through the labyrinth with the aid of map and compass .traversing rooms and corridors in every stage of ruin or preservation. If we had had more films. crossing upper floors and bridges and clambering down again.having crossed a second-story bridge to what seemed plainly the tip of a pointed wall.we were repeatedly tantalized by the sculptured walls along our route. and descended to a ruinous corridor especially rich in decadently elaborate and apparently ritualistic sculptures of late workmanship .

which he thought he had shortly afterward half heard from unknown depths below.simultaneously this time .or what not . We knew now that some terrible extension of the camp horrors must have crawled into this nighted burial place of the aeons. for it was likewise he who first noticed the queer aspect of the debris after we had passed many halfchoked arches leading to chambers and corridors on the ground level.present or at least recent just ahead.unless. I. Gedney . we did not retreat without further investigation. Of course the revelation was not as clearly cut at the time as it sounds now.for the odor was the plain and familiar one of common petrol . Danforth whispered again of the print he thought he had seen at the alley turning in the ruins above. Our motivation after that is something I will leave to psychologists. Most important of all. Such things did not happen in any normal world. Danforth’s eyes as well as nose proved better than mine. and unmistakably akin to what had nauseated us upon opening the insane grave of the horror poor Lake had dissected. and we did a good deal of indecisive whispering. It was probably sheer irrational instinct which made us dim our single torch . it was both a less frightful and more frightful odor less frightful intrinsically.potentially of tremendous significance in the light of Lake’s dissection report. we were loath to be balked by anything short of certain disaster. It was during that pause that we caught . but infinitely appalling in this place under the known circumstances .tempted no longer by the decadent and sinister sculptures that leered menacingly from the oppressive walls . hence could not doubt any longer the existence of nameless conditions . Yet in the end we did let sheer burning curiosity-or anxiety-or autohypnotism . in my turn.or vague thoughts of responsibility toward Gedney . There were several conceivable explanations. It did not look quite as it ought after countless thousands of years of desertion.and that odor was vaguely. subtly. There was an odor .the other odor ahead. and when we cautiously turned on more light we saw that a kind of swath seemed to have been lately tracked through it. and of the faint musical piping .air. This was what made us pause again. but in the smoother places there were suggestions of the dragging of heavy objects. for having come this far. The irregular nature of the litter precluded any definite marks. what we must have suspected was altogether too wild to believe. Anyway.every-day gasoline. of course. whispered of how the camp 70 . but after a few seconds our memories reacted only too definitely. despite its close resemblance to the cave-mouth echoes of the windy peaks . Once we thought there was a hint of parallel tracks as if of runners. Paradoxically. Let me try to state the thing without flinching.and which softened our progress to a cautious tiptoeing and crawling over the increasingly littered floor and heaps of debris.drive us on.

Danforth’s sharp vision had descried a place where the floor debris had been disturbed. or even ourselves. The scattered objects were. upon which several small objects lay carelessly scattered. Though what we saw in that light was actually simple and trifling.there remained no recent object of instantly discernible size. For amidst the littered expanse of that sculptured Crypt . More and more ruin met our eyes and hampered our feet. primal masonry . and consisted of tin cans as queerly opened as those we had seen at that ravaged place. and we turned on both torches full strength. a broken fountain pen. I do not think anyone will wonder that we waited an appreciable time before making any further motion. it could not be other than a sort of camp . We had been all too correct in our pessimistic guess about that rift glimpsed from the air. and of how the madness of a lone survivor might have conceived the inconceivable . In another moment. of anything definite. The disturbed debris formed an impression we could not shake off. many spent matches. And yet.of what had disappeared. though in vain. like us. It was a rough leveling of the debris. all from Lake’s camp. and at one corner of which a considerable amount of gasoline must have been spilled lately enough to leave a strong odor even at this extreme superplateau altitude. and we were not even going to be able to reach the basement out of which the abyssward aperture opened.a camp made by questing beings who. some oddly snipped fragments of fur 71 . As we looked more steadily. Whatever the lurking horror might be. until very soon we saw that the forward way was about to cease. Our tunnel quest was a blind one. had been turned back by the unexpectedly choked way to the abyss. for a farther doorway. our first impression was one of anticlimax. In other words. I am none the less reluctant to tell of it because of what it implied. and vaguely noticed that a trace of deeply filtered upper day kept the blackness from being absolute.a perfect cube with sides of about twenty feet . Let me be plain. we guided ourselves by occasional flashes from our torch. we saw that beyond a doubt there had been a slight and recent clearing away of debris from that particular opening. so that we looked instinctively. and from one of them the gasoline odor-quite submerging that other hint of odor came with especial distinctness. three illustrated books more or less curiously smudged. flashing over the grotesquely carved walls of the blocked corridor in which we stood. We had turned off all light as we stood still.But we could not convince each other. and the smell of gasoline grew stronger. when we did venture inside that black arch. an empty ink bottle with its pictorial and instructional carton.a wild trip across the monstrous mountains and a descent into the unknown. we believed the direct avenue toward it was now plainly manifest. so far as substance was concerned. showed several doorways in various states of obstruction. The torch.was left . Having automatically begun to move ahead. however.

hasty sketches . We had found certain inexplicably blotted papers at the camp which might have prepared us.in the men who stalk deadly beasts through African jungles to photograph them or study their habits.notwithstanding their wildness . Perhaps we were mad . Or if that entrance. they would have gone on to the north seeking another. despite haste and carelessness. It was all bad enough but when we smoothed out the papers and looked at what was on them. though not from the ones which we had seen and used. to whatever night-black fragments of the past might await them in the ultimate gulf . since our conclusions were now . but we felt that they must be gone by now. But what the art-blind bungler could never have done was to execute those sketches in a strange and assured technique perhaps superior. was blocked. yet the effect of the sight down there in the prehuman vaults of a nightmare city was almost too much to bear. They would by this time have found the other neighboring entrance to the abyss. 72 . and have passed within.a place we identified as a great cylindrical tower in the carvings and as a vast circular gulf glimpsed in our aerial survey . Half paralyzed with terror though we were. A mad Gedney might have made the groups of dots in imitation of those found on the greenish soapstones.varying in their accuracy or lack of it . as our own had been. I repeat.the ultimate gulf they had never seen. we remembered.to the present five-pointed structure and the tunnel mouth therein. a folder that came with our type of tent heater. and a sprinkling of crumpled papers.which outlined the neighboring parts of the city and traced the way from a circularly represented place outside our previous route .and tent cloth. a used electric battery with circular of directions. too. there was nevertheless fanned within us a blazing flame of awe and curiosity which triumphed in the end.albeit in a less extreme form . to any of the decadent carvings from which they were taken . There are those who will say Danforth and I were utterly mad not to flee for our lives after that.completely fixed. for those before us were quite obviously compiled. just as the dots on those insane five-pointed grave mounds might have been made. He might. have prepared such sketches.or those . They were. partly independent of light. we felt we had come to the worst.for have I not said those horrible peaks were mountains of madness? But I think I can detect something of the same spirit . and of a nature I need not even mention to those who have read my account as far as this. and he might conceivably have prepared rough.which we knew had been there. from late sculptures somewhere in the glacial labyrinth.the characteristic and unmistakable technique of the Old Ones themselves in the dead city’s heyday. Of course we did not mean to face that .

The corridor ended in an arch surprisingly low for these megalithic ruins. but we could see much through it even before we emerged. though there was interposed a new goal in the form of that great circular place shown on the crumpled sketches we had found. except that it tended to adhere more closely to the ground level and even descend to basement corridors. could not but be highly significant. It was certainly of incredible age according to the sculptures in which it figured . we were again faintly conscious .. We had at once recognized it as a monstrous cylindrical tower figuring in the very earliest carvings. After the way had branched from our former course. and that our distance from the upper air could not be very great.spasmodically . but appearing only as a prodigious round aperture from above. Moreover. made us think that its subglacial levels must still form a feature of peculiar importance. I need not speak of our journey .which quite perfectly confirmed our own . It appeared that we were coming to the vast circular place. noting in almost every case the well-nigh omnipresent sculptures. About 9:30 P.Looking back to that moment.a shorter route than the one we were so carefully blazing. unconscious wish to spy certain things from some hidden vantage point. We certainly did not mean to face what we feared . and after we had passed outside the radius of the gasoline scent. while traversing a long. if preserved. Perhaps it embodied architectural marvels as yet unencountered by us. The other neighboring gate to the abyss would lie beyond that. it might form a good present link with the upper world .during which we continued to leave an economical trail of paper . Something about the impressiveness of its rendering.fully two hundred feet in diameter .strewn with debris and 73 . the course which our nameless predecessors must have traversed twice before us. we sometimes gave the rays of our single torch a furtive sweep along the walls. vaulted corridor whose increasingly glaciated floor seemed somewhat below the ground level and whose roof grew lower as we advanced.of that more hideous and more persistent scent. Every now and then we could trace certain disturbing marks in the debris or litter underfoot. Beyond there stretched a prodigious round space .for it was precisely the same in kind as that by which we had reached the cul-de-sac. At any rate.yet I will not deny that we may have had a lurking. we began to see strong daylight ahead and were able to turn off our torch.M.and start back over the indicated course to the circular place. Probably we had not given up our zeal to glimpse the abyss itself. and probably that by which those others had descended. I can scarcely recall just what precise form our new emotions took . even in these hasty diagrams. the thing we did was to study the terrible sketches .just what change of immediate objective it was that so sharpened our sense of expectancy. which indeed seem to have formed a main aesthetic outlet for the Old Ones. Its carvings.being indeed among the first things built in the city.

a fortunate happening. whilst the choking was such that all the archways at the bottom seemed to have been recently cleared. and had been perhaps five hundred or six hundred feet high. somewhat sheltered for three-fourths of its circumference by the massive curving walls of a line of higher ruins.boldly sculptured into a spiral band of heroic proportions. and displayed. The littered floor was quite heavily glaciated. but Danforth and I could merely admire and marvel.we saw that the ramp. Most of the masonry had obviously toppled outward rather than inward . since the yawning gulf we had seen from the plane had been at the top of an approximately twenty-foot mound of crumbled masonry. despite the destructive weathering caused by the openness of the spot. The thing was excellently preserved up to the present top of the tower . and any further subglacial exploration we 74 . As we stepped out into the awesome half daylight of this monstrous cylinder bottom . Only the rapidity of our flight. the ramp showed sad battering. we recalled from our aerial survey. had prevented our noticing this feature from the air.and its shelter had done much to protect the bizarre and disturbing cosmic sculptures on the walls. It took us only a moment to conclude that this was indeed the route by which those others had descended. We could see mighty stone corbels and pillars here and there.traversed sides stretched dizzily up to a height of fully sixty feet. the original tower had stood in the center of an immense circular plaza. Pabodie might have been able to tell what sort of engineering held it in place. The tower’s mouth was no farther from the foothills and our waiting plane than was the great terraced building we had entered. and a row of needlelike spires along the upper rim. As it was. According to the sculptures.in available spaces . since otherwise the ramp might have been shattered and the whole interior choked. but what we saw seemed inadequate to the function performed.containing many choked archways corresponding to the one we were about to cross. This. eluding the archways by a sharp turn outward into the open floor.a highly remarkable circumstance in view of its exposure . and thus caused us to seek another avenue to the subglacial level. with tiers of horizontal disks near the top. and the perspective which confounded the descent with the tower’s inner wall. But the salient object of the place was the titanic stone ramp which. and without doubt the most primally ancient structure ever to meet our eyes . an artistic splendor far beyond anything we had encountered before. The walls were . and that this would be the logical route for our own ascent despite the long trail of paper we had left elsewhere.fifty million years old. meant an outside glaciation of some forty feet. wound spirally up the stupendous cylindrical wall like an inside counterpart of those once climbing outside the monstrous towers or ziggurats of antique Babylon. and we fancied that the true bottom lay at a considerably lower depth.

since they gave a fresh upsetting to all our notions of cosmic harmony. X Many people will probably judge us callous as well as mad for thinking about the northward tunnel and the abyss so soon after our somber discovery. and contained things memorably familiar enough: the gasoline stove. Had it been some trace of that bizarre musical piping over a wide range which Lake’s dissection report had led us to expect in those others . The really great shock came when we stepped over and undid one tarpaulin whose outlines had peculiarly disquieted us. there came a sight which for the time excluded all other matters. instrument cases. It was the neatly huddled array of three sledges in that farther angle of the ramp’s lower and outward. We had replaced the tarpaulin over poor Gedney and were standing in a kind of mute bewilderment when the sounds finally reached our consciousness . provision tins. and wrapped with care to prevent further damage. as we picked our way cautiously over the debris of the great floor. tarpaulins obviously bulging with books. perfectly preserved.and which. fuel cans.the first sounds we had heard since descending out of the open where the mountain wind whined faintly from its unearthly heights. Wellknown and mundane though they were. Then.projecting course which had hitherto been screened from our view.everything derived from Lake’s equipment. Oddly. both stiffly frozen.even after all we had seen and guessed. There they were . and I am not prepared to say that we would have immediately revived such thoughts but for a specific circumstance which broke in upon us and set up a whole new train of speculations. we were in a measure prepared for this encounter. for there were two here. Alfer what we had found in that other room. as well as much hand portage over utterly unnavigable places. their presence in this remote world of death was more unexpected and unnerving than any grotesque or fabulous tones `could possibly have been . our overwrought fancies had been reading into every wind howl we had heard 75 .the three sledges missing from Lake’s camp shaken by a hard usage which must have included forcible dragging along great reaches of snowless masonry and debris. They were carefully and intelligently packed and strapped. and some bulging with less obvious contents . patched with adhesive plaster where some wounds around the neck had occurred. It seems that others as well as Lake had been interested in collecting typical specimens. indeed. we were still thinking about possible later trips .might make on this trip would lie in this general region. They were the bodies of young Gedney and the missing dog.

we plainly discerned some curious. repeated. and seemed at times to come from more than one throat. To be brief . indeed. and we were glad to find that a bridgeless thoroughfare on the ground and basement levels seemed open. As the glaciated floor gave place to a litter of detritus.since coming on the camp horror .all our tacit acceptance of the inner antarctic as a waste utterly and irrevocably void of every vestige of normal life. What we heard was not the fabulous note of any buried blasphemy of elder earth from whose supernal toughness an age-denied polar sun had evoked a monstrous response. The tunnel.could lead to only one conclusion. ought to start from the basement of a large pyramidal structure which we seemed vaguely to recall from our aerial survey as remarkably well-preserved. it was a thing so mockingly normal and so unerringly familiarized by our sea days off Victoria Land and our camp days at McMurdo Sound that we shuddered to think of it here. where such things ought not to be. assured matter despite the queerness of their sea-born 76 . according to the chart. and. This white. and once Danforth found a distinct print of a sort whose description would be only too superfluous. dragging tracks. As it was. however. Along our path the single torch showed a customary profusion of carvings. must have planned to return after their scouting trip toward or into the abyss. The muffled sound floated from subglacial recesses nearly opposite to the corridor whence we had come . resuming our trail blazing . and we flashed on the second torch. we entered an archway from which much debris had been cleared.regions manifestly in the direction of that other tunnel to the vast abyss. yet we seemed to realize at once that it was not one of those others. having left their supplies in the great circular place. hence our first thought was to verify the objective reality of the sound.when we left daylight behind. Suddenly a bulky white shape loomed up ahead of us. Those other ones.with an added paper supply taken with curious repugnance from one of the tarpaulin bundles on the sledges .it would have had a kind of hellish congruity with the aeon-dead region around us. The presence of a living water bird in such a direction in a world whose surface was one of age-long and uniform lifelessness .it was simply the raucous squawking of a penguin. The course indicated by the penguin cries was precisely what our map and compass prescribed as an approach to the more northerly tunnel mouth. A voice from other epochs belongs in a graveyard of other epochs. but we did not pause to examine any of these. It was. They were larger and dark. It is odd how wholly this new quest had turned our minds from earlier fears of what might lurk near. waddling thing was fully six feet high. their motion over land surfaces was a swift. the noise shattered all our profoundly seated adjustments . according to the sculptures. Seeking its source. Instead. yet we had now discarded all caution concerning them as completely as if they had never existed.

albeit of a huge. doorless. We wondered. Regretting . what had caused these three birds to venture out of their usual domain. since their ancestors had obviously lived on excellent terms with the Old Ones . and this evidence of the gulf’s continued warmth and habitability filled us with the most curious and subtly perturbing fancies. Was it possible that those others had taken some aggressive action or t. The state and silence of the great dead city made it clear that it had at no time been an habitual seasonal rookery. For it was only a penguin .an amicable relationship which must have survived in the abyss below as long as any of the Old Ones remained. and heard others immediately ahead. and that one yawning cavernously 77 . That their present habitat was the vast abyss we sought. and it did not take us long to conclude that they were descended from the same stockundoubtedly surviving through a retreat to some warmer inner region whose perpetual blackness had destroyed their pigmentation and atrophied their eyes to mere useless slits. and peculiarly sculptureless corridor led us to believe that we were approaching the tunnel mouth at last.tentacle equipment. too. fully a hundred feet in diameter and fifty feet high. and monstrous in its combined albinism and virtual eyelessness. Not long afterward a steep descent in a long. Then the corridor ended in a prodigious open space which made us gasp involuntarily . unknown species larger than the greatest of the known king penguins. We were indeed clutched for an instant by primitive dread almost sharper than the worst of our reasoned fears regarding those others.in a flare-up of the old spirit of pure science . we shortly left them to their squawking and pushed on toward the abyss whose openness was now so positively proved to us. was not for a moment to be doubted. We had passed two more penguins. and whose exact direction occasional penguin tracks made clear. When we had followed the thing into the archway and turned both our torches on the indifferent and unheeding group of three. whilst the manifest indifference of the trio to our presence made it seem odd that any passing party of those others should have startled them.ried to increase their meat supply? We doubted whether that pungent odor which the dogs had hated could cause an equal antipathy in these penguins. we saw that they were all eyeless albinos of the same unknown and gigantic species. Then came a flash of anticlimax as the white shape sidled into a lateral archway to our left to join two others of its kind which had summoned it in raucous tones.a perfect inverted hemisphere.that we could not photograph these anomalous creatures. Their size reminded us of some of the archaic penguins depicted in the Old Ones’ sculptures. But to say that the white thing did not profoundly frighten us would be vain. low. obviously deep underground. with low archways opening around all parts of the circumference but one.

except for a slight detritus bearing outgoing penguin tracks and the inward tracks of these others. Several times we noted the mouths of small lateral galleries not recorded in our diagrams. it was just such a lure which had brought us to this unearthly polar waste in the first place.at least at the start . none of them such as to complicate the problem of our return. We wondered. whose concave roof was impressively though decadently carved to a likeness of the primordial celestial dome. The carvings had led us to expect a steep downhill walk of about a mile to the abyss. floor. as well as the odd haze we had ourselves perceived around the rampart-crowned peak. and perhaps even a suspicion of vapor proceeded.sides. The farther one advanced. We wondered whether there were any actually igneous manifestations below. and whether the waters of that sunless sea were hot.indeed. and all the construction and carving were marvelously well-preserved. though the tunnel kept the same proportions and presented the same aspect of carved regularity. The floor was quite clear. decadent style. arched aperture which broke the symmetry of the vault to a height of nearly fifteen feet. The sides were sparsely decorated with cartouches of conventional designs in a late. 78 . but the lure of the unplumbed is stronger in certain persons than most suspect . Alter a short distance the masonry gave place to solid rock. the warmer it became. whether the trace of mountaintop smoke at first suspected by poor Lake. and we wondered what living entities other than penguins the limitless void below. and the contiguous honeycombings of the land and the titan mountains. and arched roof composed of the usual megalithic masonry. Entering the tunnel. From that cryptical mouth we fancied a current of slightly warmer air. but indifferent and unseeing.aliens there. we saw that its outline was . In this vast hemisphere.with a black.about fifteen feet each way . It was the entrance to the great abyss. Occasionally its varying grade became so steep that grooves were cut in the floor. but our previous wanderings had shown us that matters of scale were not wholly to be depended on. might conceal. and speculated on the distance we would have to traverse. Doubtless it was suicidally foolish to venture into that tunnel under the known conditions. We saw several penguins as we passed along. and all of them welcome as possible refuges in case we met unwelcome entities on their way back from the abyss. a few albino penguins waddled . so that we were soon unbuttoning our heavy garments. descending grade. The black tunnel yawned indefinitely off at a steep. might not be caused by the tortuouschanneled rising of some such vapor from the unfathomed regions of earth’s core. The nameless scent of such things was very distinct. its aperture adorned with grotesquely chiseled jambs and lintel. too.

But now. and with many immense side passages leading away into cryptical darkness. natural-looking elliptical cavern with a level floor. as well as the larger proportion of penguin-droppings there. There was no visible vapor as at the mouth. and we did not pause to study the bizarre forms into which the fabrics had been slashed.a difference in basic nature as well as in mere quality. could no longer be expected. of course. of course. struck us as more vaguely baffling and horrible than any of the monstrous things we had previously encountered. and the singularity of the condition was such as to set us vainly puzzling. and we kept very careful track of the various lateral openings we passed.of what nature we could not guess. some seventy-five feet long and fifty broad. Though this cavern was natural in appearance. or even dust to a positively abnormal extent. and had indeed noticed the inferior workmanship of the arabesques in the stretches behind us. the great decadence of the Old Ones’ sculpture at the time of the tunneling. but the solid rock floor had been smoothed off. and concluded that the densely honeycombed region beneath the higher foothills must now have been reached. We realized. in this deeper section beyond the cavern. The regularity of the passage immediately ahead. with its polished and almost glistening floor. this was true of the floors of all the great galleries opening off from it.and stopped short in amazement at the supremely radical change which had come over the carvings in this part of the passage. vaulted roof was thick with stalactites. Something about this whole place. It was composed of furs and tent cloth taken from Lake’s camp. and we were not surprised to come upon a careless heap of material shudderingly familiar to us. 79 . prevented all confusion as to the right course amidst this plethora of equally great cave mouths. and was free from all debris.a broadening and rising into a lofty. Upon resuming our direct progress we cast a beam of torchlight over the tunnel walls . though we thought of decaying organisms and perhaps unknown subterranean fungi. an inspection with both torches suggested that it had been formed by the artificial destruction of several walls between adjacent honeycombings. so much so that it destroyed all trace of the other. The curious new fetor which had supplemented the nameless scent was excessively pungent here. and the high. there was a sudden difference wholly transcending explanation . The walls were rough. Then came a startling expansion of the tunnel for which the carvings had not prepared us . but this was doubtless due to the lack of contrasting cooler air. for dust tracks. Except for the avenue through which we had come. The nameless scent was now curiously mixed with another and scarcely less offensive odor . Nevertheless we resolved to resume our paper trailblazing if any further complexity should develop. detritus.Alter about a quarter of a mile that nameless scent became greatly accentuated. Slightly beyond this point we noticed a decided increase in the size and number of the side galleries. The temperature was rapidly ascending.

and involving so profound and calamitous a degradation of skill that nothing in the hitherto observed rate of decline could have led one to expect it. bold. Nothing of the sort was perceived. though the carvings were in places rather sparse because of the numerous mouths of smooth-floored lateral tunnels. though frequently casting beams over the walls to see if any further decorative changes developed. We saw and heard fewer penguins. Danforth guessed. and wholly lacking in delicacy of detail. We could not get it out of our minds that some subtly but profoundly alien element had been added to the aesthetic feeling behind the technique . This new and degenerate work was coarse. but the height of the reliefs did not reach the level of the general surface.obstructions which were quite definitely not penguins . XI Still another time have I come to a place where it is very difficult to proceed. We saw. and I was persistently reminded of such hybrid things as the ungainly Palmyrene sculptures fashioned in the Roman manner. That others had recently noticed this belt of carving was hinted by the presence of a used flashlight battery on the floor in front of one of the most characteristic cartouches. It was countersunk with exaggerated depth in bands following the same general line as the sparse car-touches of the earlier sections. Puffs of visible vapor ahead bespoke increasing contrasts in temperature. we saw certain obstructions on the polished floor ahead . I ought to be hardened by this stage. what we had come to recognize as the Old Ones’ art. that was responsible for the laborious substitution. Danforth had the idea that it was a second carving . Since we could not afford to spend any considerable time in study. but there are some experiences and intimations which scar too deeply to permit of healing. The new and inexplicable odor was abominably strong. yet seemingly more like a parody than a perpetuation of that tradition.a sort of palimpsest formed after the obliteration of a previous design. certain obstructions on the polished floor ahead. and the relative nearness of the sunless sea cliffs of the great abyss. but thought we caught a vague suspicion of an infinitely distant chorus of them somewhere deep within the earth. In nature it was wholly decorative and conventional.and turned on our second torch after making sure that the objects were quite stationary. and leave only such an added sensitiveness that memory reinspires all the original horror. and we could detect scarcely a sign of that other nameless scent.an alien element. and consisted of crude spirals and angles roughly following the quintile mathematical tradition of the Old Ones. we resumed our advance after a cursory look. quite unexpectedly. It was like. and I may add that our nostrils were assailed almost simultaneously by a very curious intensification 80 . as I have said. Then. yet disturbingly unlike.

the huge blind birds we had seen appeared to be singularly peaceful. Would to Heaven we had never approached them at all. then. Besides.of the strange prevailing fetor. before we had seen what we did see. Whatever the conflict was. then. whereas Lake’s bulletins would have suggested no less than eight as forming the group which had preceded us. It must. and we dared approach them only because we could see. Had those others disturbed such a place and aroused murderous pursuit? The obstructions did not suggest it. indeed. that they were quite as past all harming power as had been the six similar specimens unearthed from the monstrous starmounded graves at poor Lake’s camp. One could picture the demoniac fray between namelessly monstrous entities as it surged out of the black abyss with great clouds of frantic penguins squawking and scurrying ahead. since there were no signs that any birds had normally dwelt here. and before our minds were burned with something which will never let us breathe easily again! 81 . Penguins. and we wondered what sort of monstrous struggle had occurred down here in the dark. They were. there had been a hideous running fight. and were the absent four responsible? If so. been a struggle among those others. Had there. To find them in this state was wholly unexpected. retaliate savagely with their beaks. even from a distance. with the weaker party seeking to get back to the cached sledges when their pursuers finished them.though it grew plain from the thick. but had run back at top speed out of that blasphemous tunnel with the greasily smooth floors and the degenerate murals aping and mocking the things they had superseded-run back. as lacking . for penguins’ beaks against the tough tissues Lake had dissected could hardly account for the terrible damage our approaching glance was beginning to make out. and our ears now made certain the existence of a rookery far beyond. Perhaps. it had clearly been that which had frightened the penguins into their unaccustomed wandering. I say that we approached those sprawling and incomplete obstructions slowly and reluctantly. we reflected. now quite plainly mixed with the nameless stench of those others which had gone before. There seemed to be only four of them. attacked in a body. dark green pool gathering around them that their incompleteness was of infinitely greater recency. where were they? Were they close at hand and likely to form an immediate menace to us? We glanced anxiously at some of the smoothfloored lateral passages as we continued our slow and frankly reluctant approach. have arisen near that faintly heard rookery in the incalculable gulf beyond. The light of the second torch left no doubt of what the obstructions were.in completeness as most of those we had unearthed .

more and more sullen.and the instant we did so Danforth. callousness. too. remembering certain very vivid sculptures of the Old Ones’ history in the Permian Age one hundred and fifty million years ago. nightmare sculptures even when telling of age-old. Nature had played a hellish jest on them . more and more imitative! Great God! What madness made even those blasphemous Old Ones willing to use and carve such things? And now. It was not fear of those four missing others . They were the men of another age and another order of being. From each one the tentacled starfish head had been removed. spreading pOOl. They were infamous. Formless protoplasm able to mock and reflect all forms and organs and processes . unexplainable fetor to any immediate source . for I had seen those primal sculptures.for all too well did we suspect they would do no harm again. They had not been even savages-for what 82 . for Shoggoths and their work ought not to be seen by human beings or portrayed by any beings. The mad author of the Necronomicon had nervously tried to swear that none had been bred on this planet.slaves of suggestion.and this was their tragic homecoming. I came only just short of echoing his cry myself. more and more amphibious. they were not evil things of their kind. and had shudderingly admired the way the nameless artist had suggested that hideous slime coating found on certain incomplete and prostrate Old Ones . Only when we had come very close to the sprawling obstructions could we trace that second. so that we soon realized the dominant factor in their incompleteness. unknown odor whose cause only a diseased fancy could envisage . more and more intelligent. palimpsest carvings.viscous agglutinations of bubbling cells .Both of our torches were turned on the prostrate objects. Mauled. bygone things. twisted. Their noisome dark-green ichor formed a large. compressed. gave vent to a nervetortured cry which echoed hysterically through that vaulted and archaic passage with the evil. or cruelty may hereafter dig up in that hideously dead or sleeping polar waste . but its stench was half overshadowed by the newer and stranger stench.those whom the frightful Shoggoths had characteristically slain and sucked to a ghastly headlessness in the great war of resubjugation.as it will on any others that human madness. Poor devils! Alter all. builders of cities . their chief common injury was total decapitation.clung to those bodies and sparkled less voluminously on a smooth part of the accursedly resculptured wall in a series of grouped dots . and that only drugged dreamers had even conceived them.rubbery fifteen-foot spheroids infinitely plastic and ductile .we understood the quality of cosmic fear to its uttermost depths. when Danforth and I saw the freshly glistening and reflectively iridescent black slime which clung thickly to those headless bodies and stank obscenely with that new. and as we drew near we saw that the manner of removal looked more like some hellish tearing or suction than like any ordinary form of cleavage. here more pungent than at any other point along our route. and ruptured as they were.

monstrosities. It was. Of course common reading is what prepared us both to make the interpretation. pallid mist curled forward as if veritably driven by some remoter advancing bulk-and then came a sound which upset much of what we had just decided. star spawn .indeed had they done? That awful awakening in the cold of an unknown epoch perhaps an attack by the furry. frantically barking quadrupeds.what had they done that we would not have done in their place? God. and a dazed defense against them and the equally frantic white simians with the queer wrappings and paraphernalia … poor Lake. and it certainly had a shocking resemblance to the wind pipings we had both heard around the lofty mountain caves. what intelligence and persistence! What a facing of the incredible. The shock of recognizing that monstrous slime and headlessness had frozen us into mute. but actually it could not have been more than ten or fifteen seconds.looked and understood what must have triumphed and survived down there in the Cyclopean water city of that nighted. and up that archaic spiral ramp in a frenzied. and had read its carven latter days as we had done. though Danforth has hinted at queer notions about 83 . because it was what poor Lake’s dissection had led us to attribute to those we had judged dead. automatic plunge for the sane outer air and light of day. motionless statues. they were men! They had crossed the icy peaks on whose templed slopes they had once worshipped and roamed among the tree ferns. The new sound. if only because of the surprising way Danforth’s impressions chimed with mine. That hateful. whence even now a sinister curling mist had begun to belch pallidly as if in answer to Danforth’s hysterical scream. penguin-fringed abyss. poor Gedney… and poor Old Ones! Scientists to the last . precisely what he had caught in infinitely muffled form when at that spot beyond the alley corner above the glacial level. and it is only through later conversations that we have learned of the complete identity of our thoughts at that moment. slime-coated shapes to the loathsome palimpsest sculptures and the diabolical dot groups of fresh slime on the wall beside them . too. They had tried to reach their living fellows in fabled depths of blackness they had never seen . At the risk of seeming puerile I will add another thing. along ice-sunken megalithic corridors to the great open circle. Danforth later told me. and in so doing broke the spell and enabled us to run like mad past squawking. as I have intimated.and what had they found? All this flashed in unison through the thoughts of Danforth and me as we looked from those headless. vegetables. just as those carven kinsmen and forbears had faced things only a little less incredible! Radiates. upset much that we had decided. It seemed aeons that we stood there. They had found their dead city brooding under its curse. confused penguins over our former trail back to the city.whatever they had been.

“Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!” That. wide-ranged piping . Once more came that sinister. Another thought which the advent of the cave inspired was the possibility of 84 . Thank Heaven we did not slacken our run.“Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!” We had been wrong. but had merely paused on encountering the bodies of its fallen kindred and the hellish slime inscription above them. The thing was not wounded. and we were glad to be leaving those morbid palimpsest sculptures . if such an one had nothing to fear for itself. The curling mist had thickened again.to the peril of recapture and a nameless fate. rather than in flight from any other entity. Would we see. Concealment being futile at this juncture. unglimpsed mountain of slime-spewing protoplasm whose race had conquered the abyss and sent land pioneers to recarve and squirm through the burrows of the hills .that fetid. and it cost us a genuine pang to leave this probably crippled Old One-perhaps a lone survivor . noting that we were actually gaining on our pursuer. It will be remembered that in that fantastic tale there is a word of unknown but terrible and prodigious significance connected with the antarctic and screamed eternally by the gigantic spectrally snowy birds of that malign region’s core. We could take no chances. Our recklessly used torch now revealed ahead of us the large open cavern where various ways converged.but those burials at Lake’s camp had shown how much importance the beings attached to their dead. The timing was too close to admit of doubt. and perceived that the mist was thinning. at last. it would have no motive in harming us.almost felt even when scarcely seen-behind. a complete and living specimen of those others? Again came that insidious musical piping.“Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!” Then. Of the whereabouts of that less conceivable and less mentionable nightmare . We could never know what that demon message was .unsuspected and forbidden sources to which Poe may have had access when writing his Arthur Gordon Pym a century ago. it occurred to us that the entity might be wounded. however. We had a vague hope. We were in full flight before three notes or syllables had been uttered. since it was very obviously approaching in answer to Danforth’s scream. if only from scientific curiosity. and was driving ahead with increased speed. Alter all. that nonaggressive conduct and a display of kindred reason might cause such a being to spare us in case of capture. we used our torch for a running glance behind. I may admit.we could form no guess. though we knew that the swiftness of the Old Ones would enable any scream-roused and pursuing survivor of the slaughter to overtake us in a moment if it really wished to do so. however. is exactly what we thought we heard conveyed by that sudden sound behind the advancing white mist-that insidious musical piping over a singularly wide range. whilst the straying penguins in our rear were squawking and screaming and displaying signs of a panic really surprising in view of their relatively minor confusion when we had passed them.

but by this time it ought to have largely given place to the nameless stench associated with those others. for those indicated special senses which made the Old Ones partly. and somehow set up a false lead. screen our true course. There were several of the blind albino penguins in the open space.for instead. If at that point we dimmed our torch to the very lowest limit of traveling need. The penguins alone could not have saved us. even. so that we actually caught one first and only half glimpse of the oncoming entity as we cast a final. If the fate which screened us was benign. desperately fearful glance backward before dimming the torch and mixing with the penguins in the hope of dodging pursuit. In the neighborhood of the prostrate things that new and lately unexplainable fetor had been wholly dominant. In the midst of our flight. for to that flash of semivision can be traced a full half of the horror which has ever since haunted us. In fact. since the consequences of loss in those unknown foothill honeycombings would be unthinkable. so far as we could conjecture. they did lift for a second just before we emerged from the nauseously resculptured tunnel into the cave. Only a benign fate kept the curling vapors thick enough at the right moment. the newer and less bearable smell was 85 . Our exact motive in looking back again was perhaps no more than the immemorial instinct of the pursued to gauge the nature and course of its pursuer. that which gave us the half glimpse was infinitely the opposite. but in conjunction with the mist they seem to have done so. Alterward we realized what it was-that our retreat from the fetid slime coating on those headless obstructions. keeping it strictly in front of us. independent of light in emergencies. yet even so. and the coincident approach of the pursuing entity. Amidst the churning. For we had. the littered and unglistening floor of the main tunnel beyond this point. though imperfectly. Indeed. or perhaps it was an automatic attempt to answer a subconscious question raised by one of our senses.losing our pursuer at this bewildering focus of large galleries. with all our faculties centered on the problem of escape. we were in no condition to observe and analyze details. and it seemed clear that their fear of the oncoming entity was extreme to the point of unaccountability. our latent brain cells must have wondered at the message brought them by our nostrils. spiraling fog. as differing from the other morbidly polished burrows. the frightened squawking motions of the huge birds in the mist might muffle our footfalls. decided to keep straight on toward the dead city. had not brought us the exchange of stenches which logic called for. could hardly form a highly distinguishing feature. The fact that we survived and emerged is sufficient proof that the thing did take a wrong gallery whilst we providentially hit on the right one. of course. for they were constantly shifting and threatening to vanish. This it had not done . we were somewhat apprehensive lest we go astray ourselves in our haste.

objective embodiment of the fantastic novelist’s “thing that should not be”. but of that entity we had formed a clear idea.Harvard . It was the utter. And again came that shocking. and-thank God-through the now empty vaultings behind. Unhappy act! Not Orpheus himself. nefandous analogy that had suggested it. either from sheer primitive anxiety to see all we could.for the mists were indeed all too maliguly thinned . Of reason we certainly had little enough left.was something altogether different.perhaps better than reason could have done.in stating what we saw.now virtually undiluted. it would appear.“Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!” I might as well be frank . we paid a high price. though no doubt the incipient motion of one prompted the imitation of the other. paid much more dearly for a backward glance. We had expected. The words reaching the reader can never even suggest the awfulness of the sight itself.even if I cannot bear to be quite direct .” The poor fellow was chanting the familiar stations of the BostonCambridge tunnel that burrowed through our peaceful native soil thousands of miles away in New England. Danforth was totally unstrung. Instinct alone must have carried us through . though if that was what saved us. and growing more and more poisonously insistent each second.Central .the great black front looming colossally out of infinite 86 . though at the time we felt that it was not to be admitted even to each other. to see a terrible and incredible moving entity if the mists were thin enough. reverberated through the vaultings ahead. It had only horror. or in a less primitive but equally unconscious effort to dazzle the entity before we dimmed our light and dodged among the penguins of the labyrinth center ahead.Park Street Under-Kendall . and the first thing I remember of the rest of the journey was hearing him lightheadedly chant an hysterical formula in which I alone of mankind could have found anything but insane irrelevance. He could not have begun it at once . upon looking back. It crippled our consciousness so completely that I wonder we had the residual sense to dim our torches as planned.else we would not have been alive and blindly racing. and to strike the right tunnel toward the dead city. because I knew unerringly the monstrous. wide-ranged piping . What we did see . or Lot’s wife. So we glanced back simultaneously. As we did so we flashed both torches full strength at the momentarily thinned mist. “South Station Under . and its nearest comprehensible analogue is a vast. onrushing subway train as one sees it from a station platform . I shudder to think of what a shade of difference in his nervous reactions might have brought.Washington Under . It reverberated in falsetto echoes among the squawks of the penguins. and immeasurably more hideous and detestable. yet to me the ritual had neither irrelevance nor home feeling.

It was as if we floated in a nebulous world or dimension without time. thought. There was something vaguely appropriate about our departure from those buried epochs. It was while struggling up the colossal spiral incline that we first felt the terrible fatigue and short breath which our race through the thin plateau air had produced. faintly self-luminous. but not even fear of collapse could make us pause before reaching the normal outer realm of sun and sky. But we were not on a station platform. and the brooding peaks of the great mountains showing beyond the more crumbled 87 . written fifty million years ago.“Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!” and at last we remembered that the demoniac Shoggoths . with the curved walls of higher stonework rising westward. The gray half-daylight of the vast circular space sobered us somewhat. plastic column of fetid black iridescence oozed tightly onward through its fifteen-foot sinus. We were on the track ahead as the nightmare. It was a terrible.had likewise no voice save the imitated accents of their bygone masters. but we did not go near those cached sledges or look again at poor Gedney and the dog.a farewell from the Old Ones. and plastic organ patterns solely by the Old Ones.subterranean distance.a shapeless congeries of protoplasmic bubbles. crushing the frantic penguins and slithering over the glistening floor that it and its kind had swept so evilly free of all litter. or physical exertion. Finally scrambling out at the top. indescribable thing vaster than any subway train . constellated with strangely colored lights and filling the prodigious burrow as a piston fills a cylinder.given life. details. They have a strange and titanic mausoleum. Still came that eldritch. gathering unholy speed and driving before it a spiral. and with myriads of temporary eyes forming and un-forming as pustules of greenish light all over the tunnel-filling front that bore down upon us. and I hope the end of this planet will find them still undisturbed. causation. yet these are purely dream fragments involving no memory of volition. and having no language save that which the dot groups expressed . for as we wound our panting way up the sixty-foot cylinder of primal masonry. we glimpsed beside us a continuous procession of heroic sculptures in the dead race’s early and undecayed technique . or orientation. mocking cry. XII Danforth and I have recollections of emerging into the great sculptured hemisphere and of threading our back trail through the Cyclopean rooms and corridors of the dead city. we found ourselves on a great mound of tumbled blocks. rethickening cloud of the pallid abyss vapor.

In less than a quarter of an hour we had found the steep grade to the foothills-the probable ancient terrace . like the serrated edge of a monstrous alien planet about to rise into unaccustomed heavens. For a second we gasped in admiration of the scene’s unearthly cosmic beauty. The low antarctic sun of midnight peered redly from the southern horizon through rifts in the jagged ruins. For this far violet line could be nothing else than the terrible mountains of the forbidden land . Up toward this shimmering rim sloped the ancient table-land. If the sculptured maps and pictures in that prehuman city had told truly. and turned to look again at the fantastic tangle of incredible stone shapes below usonce more outlined mystically against an unknown west. must have been tremendous 88 .structures toward the east. Of what had set us fleeing from that darkness of earth’s secret and archaic gulfs we said nothing at all. the restless ice-vapors having moved up to the zenith. As we did so we saw that the sky beyond had lost its morning haziness. yet none the less sharply did their dim elfin essence appear above that remote and snowy rim. harborers of nameless horrors and Archaean secrets. we rebuttoned our heavy garments for the stumbling climb down the mound and the walk through the aeon-old stone maze to the foothills where our aeroplane waited. and could see the dark bulk of our great plane amidst the sparse ruins on the rising slope ahead. elfin line of pinnacled violet whose needle-pointed heights loomed dreamlike against the beckoning rose color of the western sky. and the cold clutched at our vitals. untrodden by any living thing on earth. The sky above was a churning and opalescent mass of tenuous ice-vapors. shunned and prayed to by those who feared to carve their meaning. There now lay revealed on the ultimate white horizon behind the grotesque city a dim. the depressed course of the bygone river traversing it as an irregular ribbon of shadow. Their height. where their mocking outlines seemed on the point of settling into some bizarre pattern which they feared to make quite definite or conclusive.highest of earth’s peaks and focus of earth’s evil.beyond doubt the unknown archetype of that dreaded Kadath in the Cold Waste beyond abhorrent Leng. whereof primal legends hint evasively. then. and then vague horror began to creep into our souls. Halfway uphill toward our goal we paused for a momentary breathing spell. these cryptic violet mountains could not be much less than three hundred miles away. and the terrible age and deadness of the nightmare city seemed all the starker by contrast with such relatively known and accustomed things as the features of the polar landscape. Wearily resting the outfit-bags to which we had instinctively clung throughout our desperate flight. but visited by the sinister lightnings and sending strange beams across the plains in the polar night .by which we had descended.

Danforth got the engine started without trouble. and we made a very smooth take-off over the nightmare city. and when we thought of the frightful amorphous entities that might have pushed their fetidly squirming way even to the topmost hollow pinnacles. the height we needed for the pass. our fears had become transferred to the lesser but vast-enough range whose recrossing lay ahead of us.and Danforth seemed to be even worse. As we drew close to the jutting peaks the wind’s strange piping again became manifest. ruin-crusted slopes reared up starkly and hideously against the east. and of the blasphemous. and we began rising and turning to test the wind for our crossing through the pass. Rank amateur that I was. but at twenty-four thousand feet.beyond all comparison . Such thoughts formed a measure of my overwrought condition at the time . Yet long before we had passed the great star-shaped ruin and reached our plane. and when I made motions to change seats and take over his duties he did not protest. At a very high level there must have been great disturbance. and 89 . I tried to keep all my skill and self-possession about me. since the ice-dust clouds of the zenith were doing all sorts of fantastic things. and stared at the sector of reddish farther sky betwixt the walls of the pass-resolutely refusing to pay attention to the puffs of mountain-top vapor. I thought at that moment that I might be a better navigator than he in effecting the dangerous crossing between pinnacles. Looking at them. horror-fostering abyss whence all such vapors came. and we clumsily hauled on our heavy flying furs. we could not face without panic the prospect of again sailing by those suggestive skyward cave mouths where the wind made sounds like an evil musical piping over a wide range.and thought shiveringly of that kindred mist from which we had just escaped. of that. where even at that moment Sir Douglas Mawson’s expedition was doubtless working less than a thousand miles away.carrying them up into tenuous atmospheric strata peopled only by such gaseous wraiths as rash flyers have barely lived to whisper of after unexplainable falls. All was well with the plane. To make matters worse. I recalled how their northerly end must come near the coast at Queen Mary Land. From these foothills the black.and wondered how much sense and how much folly had lain in the fears of those Old Ones who carved them so reticently. again reminding us of those strange Asian paintings of Nicholas Roerich. and I could see Danforth’s hands trembling at the controls. we saw distinct traces of local mist around several of the summits-as poor Lake must have done when he made that early mistake about volcanism . and hoped that no evil fate would give Sir Douglas and his men a glimpse of what might lie beyond the protecting coastal range. Below us the primal Cyclopean masonry spread out as it had done when first we saw it. we found navigation quite practicable. I thought nervously of certain sculptured hints of what the great bygone river had washed down into the city from their accursed slopes .

” “the elder Pharos. we had agreed. demoniac glimpse. I have said that Danforth refused to tell me what final horror made him scream out so insanely-a horror which.” “the windowless solids with five dimensions. It is absolutely necessary. He has on rare occasions whispered disjointed and irresponsible things about “The black pit.” “the wings. It is very probable that the thing was a sheer delusion born of the previous stresses we had passed through.” “the primal white jelly. grotesquely clouded sky. among the churning zenith clouds. rampart-strewn foothills. It was then.” “the moon-ladder. the undying.” “the carven rim.” “YogSothoth. cube-barnacled peaks. but a single fantastic. I feel sadly sure.” “the protoShoggoths. that some of earth’s dark. that his mad shrieking brought us so close to disaster by shattering my tight hold on myself and causing me to fumble helplessly with the controls for a moment. of what lay back of those other violet westward mountains which the Old Ones had shunned and feared. and blasphemously surviving nightmares squirm and splash out of their black lairs to newer and wider conquests. dead corners and unplumbed depths be let alone. anything connected with the cubes and caves of those echoing. released from his piloting and keyed up to a dangerous nervous pitch. I felt him turning and wriggling about as he looked back at the terrible receding city. and of the actual though unrecognized mirage of the dead transmontane city experienced near Lake’s camp the day before. All that Danforth has ever hinted is that the final horror was a mirage. sidewise at the bleak sea of snowy. and upward at the seething.” 90 . but it was so real to Danforth that he suffers from it still. and others. just as I was trying to steer safely through the pass.” “the color out of space. We had snatches of shouted conversation above the wind’s piping and the engine’s buzzing as we reached the safe side of the range and swooped slowly down toward the camp. It was not. vaporous. for the peace and safety of mankind. he declares.” “the eyes in darkness. at any cost. the eternal. But Danforth.” “the nameless cylinder. could not keep quiet.” “the original.riddled. but that had mostly to do with the pledges of secrecy we had made as we prepared to leave the nightmare city. wormily-honeycombed mountains of madness which we crossed.wishing that I had wax-stopped ears like Ulysses’ men off the Siren’s coast to keep that disturbing windpiping from my consciousness. lest sleeping abnormalities wake to resurgent life. ahead at the cave. were not for people to know and discuss lightlyand I would not speak of them now but for the need of heading off that Starkweather-Moore Expedition. A second afterward my resolution triumphed and we made the crossing safely . is mainly responsible for his present breakdown. Certain things.yet I am afraid that Danforth will never be -the same again.

refracted. his shrieks were confined to the repetition of a single. mad word of all too obvious source: “Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!” 91 . Danforth. knowing how vividly distant scenes can sometimes be reflected. but when he is fully himself he repudiates all this and attributes it to his curious and macabre reading of earlier years. and although I did not see the zenith. Imagination. and magnified by such layers of restless cloud. might easily have supplied the rest .and other bizarre conceptions. I can well imagine that its swirls of ice dust may have taken strange forms. was surely vaporous and disturbed enough. of course. Danforth did not hint any of these specific horrors till after his memory had had a chance to draw on his bygone reading. At the time. as we crossed the range. The higher sky. is known to be among the few who have ever dared go completely through that worm-riddled copy of the Necronomicon kept under lock and key in the college library. He could never have seen so much in one instantaneous glance.and. indeed.

when learning stripped the Earth of her mantle of beauty and poets sang no more of twisted phantoms seen with bleared and inward looking eyes. There came to that room wild streams of violet midnight glittering with dust of gold. And one night a mighty gulf was bridged. swirling out of the ultimate spaces and heavy perfumes from beyond the worlds. till at length his vision opened to many secret vistas whose existance no common eye suspected. vortices of dust and fire. Of the name and abode of this man little is written. and childish hopes had gone forever. and the dream haunted skies swelled down to the lonely watcher’s window to merge with the close air of his room and to make him a part of their fabulous wonder. when these things had come to pass. except sometimes when one leaned so far out and peered at the small stars that passed. for they were of the waking world only. 2: p. the dweller in that ro0m used night after night to lean out and peer aloft to glimpse some fragment of things beyond the waking world and the tall cities. After years he began to call the slow sailing stars by name. in whose shadow none might dream of the sun or of Spring’s flowering meads. Noiseless infinity eddied around the dreamer and wafted him away without touching the body that leaned stiffly from the lonely window. a green shore fragrant with lotus blossums and starred by red camalotes… 92 . coming home at evening to a room whose one window opened not to open fields and groves but on to a dim court where other windows stared in dull despair. From that casement one might see only walls and windows. and wonder went out of the minds of men. litten by suns that the eye may never behold and having in their whirlpools strange dolphins and sea-nymphs of unrememberable depths. It is enough to say that he dwelt in a city of high walls where sterile twilight reigned. there was a man who traveled out of life on a quest into spaces whither the world’s dreams had fled. that he toiled all day among shadow and turmoil. when grey cities reared to smoky skies tall towers grim and ugly. 107. and to follow them in fancy when they glided regretfully out of sight. and for days not counted in men’s calandars the tides of far spheres that bore him gently to join the course of other cycles that tenderly left him sleeping on a green sunrise shore. yet it is said that both were obscure.Azathoth Written June 1922 Published 1938 in Leaves. Opiate oceans poured there. Vol. When age fell upon the world. And because mere walls and windows must soon drive a man to madness who dreams and reads much.

6. 93 . Among these odd folk. are not necessarily constant. when to the state psychopathic institution in which I served as an intern was brought the man whose case has ever since haunted me so unceasingly. and their general mental status is probably below that of any other section of native American people. and who was described as a highly dangerous character. was Joe Slater. We may guess that in dreams life. No. p.there are still a certain remainder whose immundane and ethereal character permit of no ordinary interpretation. who correspond exactly to the decadent element of “white trash” in the South. certainly presented no evidence of his perilous disposition when I first beheld him. or Slaader. is indeed sojourning in another and uncorporeal life of far different nature from the life we know. one of those strange. and that our vain presence on the terraqueous globe is itself the secondary or merely virtual phenomenon. when lost to terrestrial consciousness. as the earth knows such things. It was from a youthful revery filled with speculations of this sort that I arose one afternoon in the winter of 1900-01. and vitality. yet separated from that life by an all but impassable barrier.Beyond the Wall of Sleep Written 1919 Published October 1919 in Pine Cones. and of the obscure world to which they belong. Whilst the greater number of our nocturnal visions are perhaps no more than faint and fantastic reflections of our waking experiences . matter. and of which only the slightest and most indistinct memories linger after waking. His name. rather than advance with their more fortunately placed brethren of the thickly settled districts. Sometimes I believe that this less material life is our truer life. yet prove little.Freud to the contrary with his puerile symbolism . From those blurred and fragmentary memories we may infer much. From my experience I cannot doubt but that man. as given on the records. who came to the institution in the vigilant custody of four state policemen. 2-10 I have often wondered if the majority of mankind ever pause to reflect upon the occasionally titanic significance of dreams. and whose vaguely exciting and disquieting effect suggests possible minute glimpses into a sphere of mental existence no less important than physical life. law and morals are non-existent. 1. repellent scions of a primitive Colonial peasant stock whose isolation for nearly three centuries in the hilly fastnesses of a little-traveled countryside has caused them to sink to a kind of barbaric degeneracy. Vol. and that time and space do not exist as our waking selves comprehend them. and his appearance was that of the typical denizen of the Catskill Mountain region. Joe Slater.

His age was unknown. he had struggled with maniacal force and fury. As two men of moderate size sought to restrain him. screaming of his desire and need to find and kill a certain “thing that shines and shakes and laughs”. since among his kind neither family records nor permanent family ties exist. Family and neighbors had now fled in a panic. and of somewhat brawny frame. At length. relapsing into a bovine. with ululations so horrible and unearthly that they brought several neighbors to his cabin . the scantiness of his neglected and never-shaven growth of yellow beard. after temporarily felling one of his detainers with a sudden blow. he had flung himself upon the other in a demoniac ecstasy of blood-thirstiness. a vagabond. and within an hour after awakening would forget all that he had said. but the tone and tenor of his utterances were of such mysterious wildness. Slater was gone. his matutinal aberrations had gradually increased in frequency and violence. the head surgeon wrote him down as a man of about forty. He had habitually slept at night beyond the ordinary time. he was given an absurd appearance of harmless stupidity by the pale. and the listless drooping of his heavy nether lip. big cabin with brightness in the roof and walls and floor and the loud queer music far away”. and from the decayed condition of his teeth. hunter and trapper. he had flung his arms aloft and commenced a series of leaps directly upward in the air. leaving behind an unrecognizable pulp-like thing that had been a living man but an hour before. for he never spoke save in the debased patois of his environment. and when the more courageous of them returned. the while shouting his determination to reach some “big. or at least all that had caused him to say what he did. One day near noon. Not that his form of language was at all unusual. but from the baldness of his head in front. Rushing out into the snow.Though well above the middle stature. From the medical and court documents we learned all that could be gathered of his case: this man. the man had roused himself most suddenly. had always been strange in the eyes of his primitive associates. half-amiable normality like that of the other hilldwellers. As Slater grew older. till about a month before his arrival at the institution had occurred the shocking tragedy which caused his arrest by the authorities. it appeared.a filthy sty where he dwelt with a family as indescribable as himself. None of the mountaineers had dared to pursue him. after a profound sleep begun in a whiskey debauch at about five of the previous afternoon. and it is likely that they would have welcomed his 94 . shrieking fiendishly that he would “jump high in the air and burn his way through anything that stopped him”. sleepy blueness of his small watery eyes. that none might listen without apprehension. He himself was generally as terrified and baffled as his auditors. and upon waking would often talk of unknown things in a manner so bizarre as to inspire fear even in the hearts of an unimaginative populace.

and only reiterated what he had said on the preceding day. This vast. burning every obstacle that stood in his way. and to kill it in triumphant revenge was his paramount desire. But most of all did he dwell upon some mysterious blazing entity that shook and laughed and mocked at him. but when several mornings later they heard his screams from a distant ravine they realized that he had somehow managed to survive. Doctor Barnard. who had been watching the patient. Barnard unbuckled the leather harness and did not restore it till night. Thus ran his discourse. and in the flaccid lips an all but imperceptible tightening. That night Slater slept quietly. vague personality seemed to have done him a terrible wrong. On the third morning occurred the first of the man’s mental attacks. since their curiosity had been aroused to a high pitch by the suggestive yet mostly conflicting and incoherent stories of his family and neighbors. Slater raved for upward of fifteen minutes. where alienists from Albany examined him as soon as his senses returned. he said. and taken to the nearest jail. Slater relapsed into the habitual vacancy of the mountaineer. he burst forth into a frenzy so powerful that the combined efforts of four men were needed to bind him in a straightjacket.death from the cold. On the third day Slater was found unconscious in the hollow of a tree. then questioned. strange music. He had. The alienists listened with keen attention to his words. After some show of uneasiness in sleep. To them he told a simple story. thought he noticed in the pale blue eyes a certain gleam of peculiar quality. and the next morning he awakened with no singular feature save a certain alteration of expression. he said. the mangled corpse of his neighbor Peter Slader at his feet. Then had followed an armed searching-party. when he succeeded in persuading Slater 95 . and finally joined the seekers. gone to sleep one afternoon about sundown after drinking much liquor. Dr. whose purpose (whatever it may have been originally) became that of a sheriff’s posse after one of the seldom popular state troopers had by accident observed. But when questioned. oceans of space. nor could the expert questioning of his interrogators bring out a single additional fact. and that his removal in one way or another would be necessary. He had awakened to find himself standing bloody-handed in the snow before his cabin. he had taken to the woods in a vague effort to escape from the scene of what must have been his crime. The fire of madness died from his eyes. In order to reach it. babbling in his backwoods dialect of green edifices of light. and shadowy mountains and valleys. Horrified. as if of intelligent determination. Beyond these things he seemed to know nothing. and in dull wonder he looked at his questioners and asked why he was bound. he would soar through abysses of emptiness. until with the greatest suddenness he ceased.

though he knew not why.to don it of his own volition. Within a week two more attacks appeared. probably it had found another temporary head. something infinitely beyond the comprehension of my more experienced but less imaginative medical and scientific colleagues. for since he could neither read nor write. for his own good. titanic visions. though described in a barbarous disjointed jargon. That it could not come from any known myth or romance was made especially clear by the fact that the unfortunate lunatic expressed himself only in his own simple manner. By degrees I commenced to feel an overwhelming wonder at the mad and fantastic conceptions of Joe Slater. The man had now admitted that he sometimes talked queerly. On the source of Slater’s visions they speculated at length. and committed to the institution wherein I held so humble a post. I have said that I am a constant speculator concerning dream-life. but from them the doctors learned little. He raved of things he did not understand and could not interpret. when I hung breathlessly upon his chaotic but cosmic word-pictures. and from this you may judge of the eagerness with which I applied myself to the study of the new patient as soon as I had fully ascertained the facts of his case. his gorgeous imagery was quite inexplicable. and had apparently never heard a legend or fairytale. things which he claimed to have experienced. and perhaps pining for the mountain freedom he could never again enjoy. The alienists soon agreed that abnormal dreams were the foundation of the trouble. I often asked myself. born no doubt of the interest I could not conceal. were assuredly things which only a superior or even exceptional brain could conceive How. but his glowing. but which he could not have learned through any normal or connected narration. when he would sit by his barred window weaving baskets of straw and willow. dreams whose vividness could for a time completely dominate the waking mind of this basically inferior man. 96 . acquitted on the ground of insanity. Not that he ever recognized me during his attacks. could the stolid imagination of a Catskill degenerate conjure up sights whose very possession argued a lurking spark of genius? How could any backwoods dullard have gained so much as an idea of those glittering realms of supernal radiance and space about which Slater ranted in his furious delirium? More and more I inclined to the belief that in the pitiful personality who cringed before me lay the disordered nucleus of something beyond my comprehension. He seemed to sense a certain friendliness in me. and the gentle manner in which I questioned him. after the manner of decadent mountain folk. His family never called to see him. The man himself was pitiably inferior in mentality and language alike. but he knew me in his quiet hours. With due formality Slater was tried for murder.

cities. that my mind needed a rest. that in his dream existence the man was himself a luminous thing of the same race as his enemy. At each outburst of Slater’s violence.And yet I could extract nothing definite from the man. light and electricity. the head of the institution had but lately warned me in his paternal way that I was overworking. for middle age is skeptical. pre-radio period. but achieving no result. and disinclined to accept new ideas. a circumstance which drove me to the conclusion that if a dream world indeed existed. Yet these conceptions were formulated in rustic words wholly inadequate to convey them. This belief had early led me to contemplate the possibility of telepathy or mental communication by means of suitable apparatus. in my intense desire to probe into the dream-life of Joe Slater. This thing had done Slater some hideous but unnamed wrong. Besides. but a creature of importance and vivid life. which the maniac (if maniac he were) yearned to avenge. that in a kind of semi-corporeal dream-life Slater wandered or floated through resplendent and prodigious valleys. cynical. Now. had soon packed them away with other scientific odds and ends for possible future use. gardens. I would fit the transmitter to his forehead and the receiver to my own. These I had tested with a fellow-student. moving proudly and dominantly. and I had in my college days prepared a set of transmitting and receiving instruments somewhat similar to the cumbrous devices employed in wireless telegraphy at that crude. This impression was sustained by his frequent references to flying through space and burning all that impeded his progress. Could it be that the dream soul inhabiting this inferior body was desperately struggling to speak things which the simple and halting tongue of dullness could not utter? Could it be that I was face to face with intellectual emanations which would explain the mystery if I could but learn to discover and read them? I did not tell the older physicians of these things. and who did not appear to be of human shape. I sought these instruments again. convertible into ether waves or radiant energy like heat.lengths of intellectual energy. or as aught save a thing. and checked only by a certain deadly enemy. that there he was no peasant or degenerate. When they were complete once more I missed no opportunity for their trial. oral language was not its medium for the transmission of thought. I had but little notion of how 97 . and palaces of light. and spent several days in repairing them for action. meadows. since Slater never referred to it as a man. who seemed to be a being of visible yet ethereal structure. constantly making delicate adjustments for various hypothetical wave. From the manner in which Slater alluded to their dealings. The sum of all my investigation was. in a region unbounded and unknown to man. I judged that he and the luminous thing had met on equal terms. It had long been my belief that human thought consists basically of atomic or molecular motion.

As the hours wore on I saw his head droop awkwardly in sleep. I myself. and architraves of living fire blazed effulgently around the spot where I seemed to float in air. yet formed wholly of some glowing. covered with every lovely attribute of scenery which my delighted eyes could conceive of.the thought-impressions would. As I gazed. but at all events the flame of vitality flickered low in the decadent body. It was on the twenty-first of February. though informing no one of their nature. that the thing occurred. high mountains and inviting grottoes. while on my ravished sight burst the stupendous spectacle ultimate beauty. arouse an intelligent response in my brain. vibrations. and as darkness fell he dropped off into a troubled sleep. I recall that he listened with great kindness and patience when I told him. for each vista which appeared to me was the one my changing mind most wished to behold. since I saw that he was too feeble to be dangerous. were glimpses of wide plains and graceful valleys. As I look back across the years I realize how unreal it seems. hoping against hope for a first and last message from the dream world in the brief time remaining. but afterward gave me a nerve-powder and arranged for the half-year’s vacation on which I departed the next week. I did not strap on the straightjacket as was customary when he slept. but I did not disturb him. Amidst this elysian realm I dwelt not as a stranger. Joe Slater was unmistakably dying. 1901. columns. but I felt certain that I could detect and interpret them. The sound of weird lyric melody was what aroused me. But I did place upon his head and mine the two ends of my cosmic “radio”. or rather. I perceived that my own brain held the key to these enchanting metamorphoses. a mediocre fellow who did not understand the purpose of the apparatus. Chords. supplanting it at times in kaleidoscopic rotation. He was drowsy near the end. That fateful night I was wildly agitated and perturbed. must have nodded a little later. or think to inquire into my course. Perhaps it was his mountain freedom that he missed. and sometimes wonder if old Doctor Fenton was not right when he charged it all to my excited imagination. if successfully conveyed. ethereal plastic entity. In the cell with us was one nurse. even if he woke in mental disorder once more before passing away. extending upward to an infinitely high vaulted dome of indescribable splendor. and harmonic ecstasies echoed passionately on every hand. Accordingly I continued my experiments. Walls. for each sight and sound was familiar to 98 . which in consistency partook as much of spirit as of matter. lulled by the rhythmical breathing of the healthy and the dying man. for despite the excellent care he had received. or perhaps the turmoil in his brain had grown too acute for his rather sluggish physique. Blending with this display of palatial magnificence.

seemed unusual. and I felt beyond a doubt that I was viewing a face behind which lay an active mind of high order. All at once the head turned sharply in my direction and the eyes fell open. expanding eyes whose blue seemed subtly to have deepened. was gazing at me with a pair of luminous. As I looked more closely. and the head turned restlessly with closed eyes. Joe Slater was indeed awaking. Neither mania nor degeneracy was visible in that gaze. intent to catch any parting message the dreamer might have to deliver. The man who had been Joe Slater. too. and though no 99 . soul to soul. The whole face finally began to grow tense. as though some force were recalling me to earth . escaping forever. Each transmitted idea formed rapidly in my mind. for was not my fellow-being escaping at last from a degrading periodic bondage. A well-defined shock separates my final impression of the fading scene of light from my sudden and somewhat shamefaced awakening and straightening up in my chair as I saw the dying figure on the couch move hesitantly. and I knew that the luminous one and I were being recalled to bondage. and itself prepared to quit the scene. fading from my sight at a rate somewhat less rapid than that of the other objects. with silent and perfect interchange of thought. the Catskill decadent. The sorry planet shell being well-nigh spent. though for my brother of light it would be the last time. At this juncture my brain became aware of a steady external influence operating upon it. just as it had been for uncounted eons of eternity before. I did not rouse the sleeping nurse. but readjusted the slightly disarranged headband of my telepathic “radio”. for it gradually brought its discourse toward a conclusion. causing me to stare in blank amazement at what I beheld. The hour was one of approaching triumph. that upon it might be wrought a flaming cosmic vengeance which would shake the spheres? We floated thus for a little time. The form near me seemed to feel a change also. and preparing to follow the accursed oppressor even unto the uttermost fields of ether. A few more thoughts were exchanged. though probably for the last time. when I perceived a slight blurring and fading of the objects around us.where I least wished to go.me. being tightly compressed. I closed my eyes to concentrate my thoughts more profoundly and was rewarded by the positive knowledge that my long-sought mental message had come at last. The lips. in less than an hour my fellow would be free to pursue the oppressor along the Milky Way and past the hither stars to the very confines of infinity. I saw that in the sallow cheeks shone spots of color which had never before been present. and would be for like eternities to come. Then the resplendent aura of my brother of light drew near and held colloquy with me. as if by the force of a stronger character than had been Slater’s.

too little a man. He was too much an animal. the pale eyes of the dreamer or can I say dead man? . yet it is through his deficiency that you have come to discover me. We shall meet again .actual language was employed. The 100 . indeed. Tonight I go as a Nemesis bearing just and blazingly cataclysmic vengeance. How little does the earth self know life and its extent! How little. but we are all roamers of vast spaces and travelers in many ages. You have been my only friend on this planet . “He is better dead. “Joe Slater is dead.the only soul to sense and seek for me within the repellent form which lies on this couch. Watch me in the sky close by the Demon-Star. when the solar system shall have been swept away.” At this point the thought-waves abruptly ceased. “I cannot speak longer. or in the cruel empire of Tsan Chan which is to come three thousand years hence. You and I have drifted to the worlds that reel about the red Arcturus. my habitual association of conception and expression was so great that I seemed to be receiving the message in ordinary English.” came the soul-petrifying voice of an agency from beyond the wall of sleep. and dwelt in the bodies of the insectphilosophers that crawl proudly over the fourth moon of Jupiter. His gross body could not undergo the needed adjustments between ethereal life and planet life. It is to meet and conquer the oppressor that I have vainly striven for eons. perhaps in unremembered dreams tonight.you who without knowing idly gave the blinking beacon the name of Algol. and pulseless. perhaps on a bleak plateau in prehistoric Asia. for he was unfit to bear the active intellect of cosmic entity.commenced to glaze fishily. for the cosmic and planet souls rightly should never meet. held back by bodily encumbrances. I am your brother of light. and the coarse brains are ceasing to vibrate as I wish. Next year I may be dwelling in the Egypt which you call ancient. but found it cold. stiff. perhaps in some other form an eon hence. It is not permitted me to tell your waking earth-self of your real self. and the countenance was still intelligently animated. He has been in my torment and diurnal prison for forty-two of your terrestrial years.perhaps in the shining mists of Orion’s Sword. but the blue eyes were still calmly gazing. “I am an entity like that which you yourself become in the freedom of dreamless sleep. My opened eyes sought the couch of pain in curious horror. the Demon-Star. In a half-stupor I crossed over to the couch and felt of his wrist. ought it to know for its own tranquility! “Of the oppressor I cannot speak. You on earth have unwittingly felt its distant presence . for the body of Joe Slater grows cold and rigid. and have floated with you in the effulgent valleys.

allowing you to construe them as you will. He vows that I was broken down with nervous strain. and badly in need of a long vacation on full pay which he so generously gave me. and in the course of a few months it was hardly discernible with the naked eye 101 . denies the reality of everything I have related. Professor Garrett P. not very far from Algol.sallow cheeks paled again. disclosing the repulsively rotten fangs of the degenerate Joe Slater. I will quote the following account of the star Nova Persei verbatim from the pages of that eminent astronomical authority. In a week or two it had visibly faded. another pen must add this final testimony.yet I cannot forget what I saw in the sky on the night after Slater died. and awakened the nurse. whose fantastic notions must have come from the crude hereditary folk-tales which circulated in even the most decadent of communities. Serviss: “On February 22. pulled a blanket over the hideous face. He assures me on his professional honor that Joe Slater was but a low-grade paranoiac. Within twenty-four hours the stranger had become so bright that it outshone Capella. The climax? What plain tale of science can boast of such a rhetorical effect? I have merely set down certain things appealing to me as facts. 1901. As I have already admitted. my superior. I had an instant and unaccountable craving for a sleep whose dreams I should not remember. which may perhaps supply the climax you expect. a marvelous new star was discovered by Doctor Anderson of Edinburgh. Lest you think me a biased witness. Then I left the cell and went silently to my room. and the thick lips fell open. old Doctor Fenton. No star had been visible at that point before. All this he tells me . I shivered.

he sought it in fancy and illusion. of plains that stretch down to sleeping cities of bronze and stone. Kuranes was not modern. and along the long white road to the village. Perhaps it was natural for him to dream a new name. for when as children we listen and dream. and then we know that we have looked back through the ivory gates into that world of wonder which was ours before we were wise and unhappy. It was moonlight. for when awake he was called by another name. When truth and experience failed to reveal it. 10-12. and the snowy peak overlooking the sea. down the terraces. There are not many persons who know what wonders are opened to them in the stories and visions of their youth. and he had stolen out into the fragrant summer night.Celephais Written early Nov 1920 Published May 1922 in The Rainbow. The more he withdrew from the world about him. Kuranes sought for beauty alone. Kuranes came very suddenly upon his old world of childhood. the great stone house covered with ivy. for he was the last of his family. and alone among the indifferent millions of London. What he wrote was laughed at by those to whom he showed it. His money and lands were gone. past the great oaks of the park. of fountains that sing in the sun. In a dream it was also that he came by his name of Kuranes. and it would have been quite futile to try to describe them on paper. and of shadowy companies of heroes that ride caparisoned white horses along the edges of thick forests. of golden cliffs overhanging murmuring seas. 2. we are dulled and prosaic with the poison of life. But some of us awake in the night with strange phantasms of enchanted hills and gardens. and did not think like others who wrote. and where he had hoped to die. and he did not care for the ways of the people about him. the more wonderful became his dreams. where thirteen generations of his ancestors had lived. so there were not many to speak to him and to remind him who he had been. we think but half-formed thoughts. amid the nebulous memories of childhood tales and dreams. and when as men we try to remember. He had been dreaming of the house where he had been born. and the seacoast beyond. No. so that after a time he kept his writings to himself. Whilst they strove to strip from life its embroidered robes of myth and to show in naked ugliness the foul thing that is reality. and the gaily painted galleys that sail out of the harbour toward distant regions where the sea meets the sky. but preferred to dream and write of his dreams. and found it on his very doorstep. through the gardens. The village seemed very old. p. and finally ceased to write. 102 . In a dream Kuranes saw the city in the valley.

past dark. and where even the sky ahead was empty and unlit by the crumbling moon and the peering stars. Down the hill amid scented grasses and brilliant flowers walked Kuranes. In the streets were spears of long grass. over the bubbling Naraxa on the small wooden bridge where he had carved his name so many years ago. Then a rift seemed to open in the darkness before him. where he had floated down. But this time he was not snatched away. then the rift appeared again. Then he had been drawn down a lane that led off from the village street toward the channel cliffs. and Kuranes wondered whether the peaked roofs of the small houses hid sleep or death. and like a winged being settled gradually over a grassy hillside till finally his feet rested gently on the turf. and saw the graceful galleys riding at anchor in the blue harbour. He had indeed come back to the Valley of Ooth-Nargai and the splendid city of Celephais. for he had found his fabulous city after forty weary years. and he saw the city of the valley. down. which do not lead to any goal. glistening radiantly far. and of the abyss down which one must float silently. and watched the gingko trees of Mount Aran swaying in the sea-breeze. Kuranes had awakened the very moment he beheld the city. and a snowcapped mountain near the shore. He had protested then. in the Valley of OothNargai beyond the Tanarian Hills where his spirit had dwelt all the eternity of an hour one summer afternoon very long ago. and he beheld the glittering minarets of the city. And now he was equally resentful of awaking. and had come to the end of things to the precipice and the abyss where all the village and all the world fell abruptly into the unechoing emptiness of infinity. for just as he was aroused he had been about to sail in a golden galley for those alluring regions where the sea meets the sky. and the window-panes on either side broken or filmily staring. with a background of sea and sky. Kuranes had not lingered. when they had found him. far below. and through the whispering grove to the great stone bridge 103 . he dreamed first of the village that was asleep or dead. shapeless. when he had slipt away from his nurse and let the warm sea-breeze lull him to sleep as he watched the clouds from the cliff near the village. Faith had urged him on. yet he knew from his brief glance that it was none other than Celephais. and laughing winged things that seemed to mock the dreamers of all the worlds. over the precipice and into the gulf. faintly glowing spheres that may have been partly dreamed dreams. and carried him home. But three nights afterward Kuranes came again to Celephais. He dared not disobey the summons for fear it might prove an illusion like the urges and aspirations of waking life.eaten away at the edge like the moon which had commenced to wane. but had plodded on as though summoned toward some goal. down. waked him. As before. undreamed dreams.

where the sea meets the sky. he found a hideously ancient wall or causeway of stone zigzagging along the ridges and valleys. and Kuranes awaked in his London garret. and it was the same at the turquoise temple of Nath-Horthath. and where rode lightly the galleys from far places over the water. and Athib seemed not to realize that any time had passed. There he stayed long. Then the two rowed to a galley in the harbour. lone campfires at great distances apart. till finally they came to the horizon. nor the polished bronze statues upon them tarnished. which is built on that ethereal coast where the west wind flows into the sky. spread indolently in the sunshine which seemed never to lessen or disappear. sitting on the same chest of spice he had sat upon before. And far beneath the keel Kuranes could see strange lands and rivers and cities of surpassing beauty. At length Athib told him that their journey was near its end. Here the galley paused not at all. gazing out over the bright harbour where the ripples sparkled beneath an unknown sun. the pink marble city of the clouds. no one whom he met could tell him how to find Ooth-Nargai beyond the Tanarian Hills. and strange. too gigantic ever to have risen by human hands. When he entered the city. but as the highest of the city’s carven towers came into sight there was a sound somewhere in space. All was as of old. the merchants and camel-drivers greeted him as if he had never been away. One night he went flying over dark mountains where there were faint. And he gazed also upon Mount Aran rising regally from the shore. and that they would soon enter the harbour of Serannian. More than ever Kuranes wished to sail in a galley to the far places of which he had heard so many strange tales. for even the sentries on the ramparts were the same. but only perpetual youth. nor were the marble walls discoloured. and still as young as he remembered them. past the bronze gates and over the onyx pavements. where the orchidwreathed priests told him that there is no time in Ooth-Nargai. He found the man. so remote that few men could ever have seen it. and he sought again the captain who had agreed to carry him so long ago. For several days they glided undulatingly over the water. shaggy herds with tinkling bells on the leaders. and of such a length 104 . Then Kuranes walked through the Street of Pillars to the seaward wall. and strange men from the regions where the sea meets the sky. And Kuranes saw that he need not tremble lest the things he knew be vanished.by the city gate. where gathered the traders and sailors. Athib. commenced to sail out into the billowy Cerenarian Sea that leads to the sky. and in the wildest part of this hilly country. and giving orders to the oarmen. For many months after that Kuranes sought the marvellous city of Celephais and its sky-bound galleys in vain. its lower slopes green with swaying trees and its white summit touching the sky. and though his dreams carried him to many gorgeous and unheard-of places. but floated easily in the blue of the sky among fleecy clouds tinted with rose.

and would have questioned the people of this land about it. on which account he was now to be appointed its chief god for evermore. and the stagnation of the reedy river. and he met the cortege of knights come from Celephais to bear him thither forever. astride roan horses and clad in shining armour with tabards of cloth-of. showing the ruin and antiquity of the city. had he not found that there were no people there. green foliage and lawns. and came to a tower window overlooking a mighty plain and river lit by the full moon.that neither end of it could be seen. and when the sun rose he beheld such beauty of red and white flowers. that he for a moment forgot Celephais in sheer delight. and all rode majestically 105 . meanwhile seeing many wonders and once barely escaping from the high-priest not to be described. and once sent him to a part of space where form does not exist. So Kuranes sought fruitlessly for the marvellous city of Celephais and its galleys that sail to Serannian in the sky. and the death lying upon that land. drifting over a bridge to a place where the houses grew thinner and thinner. The gas had not heard of planets and organisms before. carven bridges. but only birds and bees and butterflies. energy. but identified Kuranes merely as one from the infinity where matter. And it was there that fulfillment came. white paths. and wandered aimlessly through the streets. Kuranes was now very anxious to return to minaret-studded Celephais. and increased his doses of drugs. He would have descended and asked the way to Ooth-Nargai had not a fearsome aurora sputtered up from some remote place beyond the horizon. which wears a yellow silken mask over its face and dwells all alone in a prehistoric stone monastery in the cold desert plateau of Leng. Beyond that wall in the grey dawn he came to a land of quaint gardens and cherry trees. but they were sent in his honour. Hasheesh helped a great deal. So numerous were they. Then one summer day he was turned out of his garret. diamond brooks. since it was he who had created Ooth-Nargai in his dreams. Then they gave Kuranes a horse and placed him at the head of the cavalcade. On another night Kuranes walked up a damp stone spiral stairway endlessly. blue lakelets. And a violet-coloured gas told him that this part of space was outside what he had called infinity. But he remembered it again when he walked down a white path toward a red-roofed pagoda. and could buy no drugs. but where glowing gases study the secrets of existence. In time he grew so impatient of the bleak intervals of day that he began buying drugs in order to increase his periods of sleep. and gravitation exist. as it had lain since King Kynaratholis came home from his conquests to find the vengeance of the gods. but eventually he had no more money left. Handsome knights they were.gold curiously emblazoned. and red-roofed pagodas. and in the silent city that spread away from the river bank he thought he beheld some feature or arrangement which he had known before. that Kuranes almost mistook them for an army.

It was alive now.through the downs of Surrey and onward toward the region where Kuranes and his ancestors were born. played mockingly. and will reign happily for ever. and early villagers curtsied as the horsemen clattered down the street and turned off into the lane that ends in the abyss of dreams. and cast it upon the rocks by ivy-covered Trevor Towers. for whenever they passed through a village in the twilight they saw only such houses and villagers as Chaucer or men before him might have seen. In the dim dawn they came upon the village which Kuranes had seen alive in his childhood. where a notably fat and especially offensive millionaire brewer enjoys the purchased atmosphere of extinct nobility. And Kuranes reigned thereafter over Ooth-Nargai and all the neighboring regions of dream. and asleep or dead in his dreams. and sometimes they saw knights on horseback with small companies of retainers. and invisible voices sang exultantly as the knightly entourage plunged over the edge and floated gracefully down past glittering clouds and silvery coruscations. 106 . till soon they were flying uncannily as if in the air. It was very strange. but as the riders went on they seemed to gallop back through Time. their chargers pawing the aether as if galloping over golden sands. Kuranes had previously entered that abyss only at night. When it grew dark they travelled more swiftly. and the gaily painted galleys that sail out of the harbour toward distant regions where the sea meets the sky. and the snowy peak overlooking the sea. and then the luminous vapours spread apart to reveal a greater brightness. the brightness of the city Celephais. and the sea coast beyond. The abyss was a seething chaos of roseate and cerulean splendour. and held his court alternately in Celephais and in the cloudfashioned Serannian. so he watched anxiously as the column approached its brink. and wondered what it would look like by day. Endlessly down the horsemen floated. Just as they galloped up the rising ground to the precipice a golden glare came somewhere out of the west and hid all the landscape in effulgent draperies. He reigns there still. though below the cliffs at Innsmouth the channel tides played mockingly with the body of a tramp who had stumbled through the half-deserted village at dawn.

began drifting from one cheap boarding establishment to another in search of a room which might combine the qualities of decent cleanliness. Vol. dating apparently from the late forties. and solitude. One evening at about eight I heard a spattering on the floor and became suddenly 107 . and decorated with impossible paper and ridiculously ornate stucco cornices. and being unable to pay any substantial rent. and seem nauseated and repelled when the chill of evening creeps through the heat of a mild autumn day. What I will do is to relate the most horrible circumstance I ever encountered. The landlady. No. a slatternly. there lingered a depressing mustiness and hint of obscure cookery. There are those who say I respond to cold as others do to a bad odour. so that I came to regard it as at least a bearable place to hibernate till one might really live again. I had been there about three weeks when the first odd incident occurred. and very reasonable price. and I am the last to deny the impression. did not annoy me with gossip or with criticisms of the late-burning electric light in my third-floor front hall room. large and lofty. silence. It soon developed that I had only a choice between different evils. almost bearded Spanish woman named Herrero. the linen tolerably regular. and the hot water not too often cold or turned off. and leave it to you to judge whether or not this forms a suitable explanation of my peculiarity. You ask me to explain why I am afraid of a draught of cool air. why I shiver more than others upon entering a cold room.Cool Air Written March 1926 Published March 1928 in Tales of Magic and Mystery. The place was a four-story mansion of brownstone. I found it in the glare of mid-afternoon. 29-34. and fitted with woodwork and marble whose stained and sullied splendour argued a descent from high levels of tasteful opulence. It is a mistake to fancy that horror is associated inextricably with darkness. in the clangour of a metropolis. 4. but the floors were clean. and in the teeming midst of a shabby and commonplace roominghouse with a prosaic landlady and two stalwart men by my side. Only the din of street cars in the thoroughfare below proved a serious annoyance. 1. endurable furnishings. and my fellow-lodgers were as quiet and uncommunicative as one might desire. being mostly Spaniards a little above the coarsest and crudest grade. In the spring of 1923 I had secured some dreary and unprofitable magazine work in the city of New York. In the rooms. but after a time I came upon a house in West Fourteenth Street which disgusted me much less than the others I had sampled.

Anxious to stop the matter at its source. and I knew there was no time to be lost. Physicians had told me of the danger of those spells. A folding couch now filled its diurnal role of sofa. I shivered as I crossed the threshold into a large apartment whose rich and tasteful decoration surprised me in this nest of squalor and seediness. “Doctair Muñoz. old paintings. Herrero had 108 . asking my name and business. since his step was soft and gentle. and as I cleaned up what had spilled and opened the window for air. there came an opening of the door next to the one I had sought. and these things being stated. The ammonia ceased to drip. I hastened to the basement to tell the landlady. “he have speel hees chemicals. He ees too seeck for doctair heemself–seecker and seecker all the time–but he weel not have no othair for help. Looking about. I now saw that the hall room above mine–the “leetle room” of bottles and machines which Mrs. and he cannot get excite or warm. so remembering what the landlady had said about the invalid’s help of the injured workman.aware that I had been smelling the pungent odour of ammonia for some time. and the mahogany furniture. and my boy Esteban he breeng heem hees food and laundry and mediceens and chemicals. Dr.driven mechanism. and I returned to my room. But he was great once–my fathair in Barcelona have hear of heem–and only joost now he feex a arm of the plumber that get hurt of sudden. save for certain sounds as of some gasoline. only on roof. the sal-ammoniac that man use for keep heem cool!” Mrs. the soaking apparently proceeding from a corner on the side toward the street. and he do not work as doctair. I wondered for a moment what the strange affliction of this man might be. He nevair go out. A rush of cool air greeted me. I reflected tritely. I heard the landlady’s heavy footsteps above me. I might never have known Dr. and whether his obstinate refusal of outside aid were not the result of a rather baseless eccentricity. He ees vairy queer in hees seeckness–all day he take funnee-smelling baths. My knock was answered in good English by a curious voice some distance to the right. and was assured by her that the trouble would quickly be set right. and mellow bookshelves all bespoke a gentleman’s study rather than a boarding-house bedroom. Herrero disappeared up the staircase to the fourth floor. There is. sumptuous hangings. I dragged myself upstairs and knocked feebly at the door above mine. an infinite deal of pathos in the state of an eminent person who has come down in the world. My Gawd. All hees own housework he do–hees leetle room are full of bottles and machines. I saw that the ceiling was wet and dripping. and though the day was one of the hottest of late June.” she cried as she rushed upstairs ahead of me. Muñoz had it not been for the heart attack that suddenly seized me one forenoon as I sat writing in my room. Muñoz I had never heard.

The figure before me was short but exquisitely proportioned. I felt a repugnance which nothing in his aspect could justify. was a man of birth. as I saw Dr. and I remember his tactfully consoling me about my weak heart by insisting that will and consciousness are stronger than organic life itself. and ministered to them with a master’s deftness. was at least soothing. well-trimmed hair that argued the punctual calls of a barber was parted gracefully above a high forehead. Evidently he found the society of a well-born man a rare novelty in this dingy environment. Dr. so that if a bodily frame be but originally healthy and carefully preserved. and fear. But repugnance was soon forgotten in admiration. if queer. and I could not even perceive that he breathed as the fluent sentences rolled urbanely out. Thick. and clad in somewhat formal dress of perfect cut and fit. He sought to distract my mind from my own seizure by speaking of his theories and experiments. and was moved to unaccustomed speech as memories of better days surged over him. and even these things should have been excusable considering the man’s known invalidism. it may through a scientific enhancement of these qualities retain a kind of nervous animation despite the 109 . He clearly understood my needs at a glance. and the abnormal always excites aversion. have been the singular cold that alienated me. for the strange physician’s extreme skill at once became manifest despite the ice-coldness and shakiness of his bloodless-looking hands. too. Muñoz. for such chilliness was abnormal on so hot a day. and the whole picture was one of striking intelligence and superior blood and breeding. It might. Nevertheless.mentioned–was merely the laboratory of the doctor. His voice. A high-bred face of masterful though not arrogant expression was adorned by a short iron-grey full beard. Muñoz in that blast of cool air. and discrimination. and an old-fashioned pince-nez shielded the full. and he rambled on almost garrulously as he sounded my chest and mixed a suitable draught of drugs fetched from the smaller laboratory room. Only his lividly inclined complexion and coldness of touch could have afforded a physical basis for this feeling. the while reassuring me in a finely modulated though oddly hollow and timbreless voice that he was the bitterest of sworn enemies to death. dark eyes and surmounted an aquiline nose which gave a Moorish touch to a physiognomy otherwise dominantly Celtiberian. and had sunk his fortune and lost all his friends in a lifetime of bizarre experiment devoted to its bafflement and extirpation. most certainly. distrust. cultivation. Something of the benevolent fanatic seemed to reside in him. and that his main living quarters lay in the spacious adjoining room whose convenient alcoves and large contiguous bathroom permitted him to hide all dressers and obtrusively utilitarian devices.

as Mrs. Of this sad change he seemed by no means unaware. Torres of Valencia. I left the shivery place a disciple and devotee of the gifted recluse. if prolonged. I observed with regret that my new friend was indeed slowly but unmistakably losing ground physically. and little by little his expression and conversation both took on a gruesome irony which restored in me something of the subtle repulsion I had originally felt. and the frigidity of his habitation–some 55 or 56 degrees Fahrenheit–was maintained by an absorption system of ammonia cooling. since he believed these cryptic formulae to contain rare psychological stimuli which might conceivably have singular effects on the substance of a nervous system from which organic pulsations had fled. acquiring a fondness for exotic spices and Egyptian incense till his room smelled like a vault of a sepulchred Pharaoh in the Valley of Kings. his muscular motions were less perfectly coordinated. I was eventually. Muñoz made it whisperingly clear– though not in detail–that the methods of healing had been most extraordinary. After that I paid him frequent overcoated calls. listening while he told of secret researches and almost ghastly results. he half jestingly said. some day teach me to live–or at least to possess some kind of conscious existence–without any heart at all! For his part. He might. As the weeks passed. Relieved of my seizure in a marvellously short while. and with my aid he amplified the ammonia piping of his room and modified the pumps and feed of his refrigerating machine till he could keep the temperature as low as 34 degrees or 40 degrees. the gasoline engine of whose pumps I had often heard in my own room below. It seems that he did not scorn the incantations of the mediaevalists. Any marked rise in temperature might. his voice became more hollow and indistinct. At the same time his demands for cold air increased. Herrero had suggested. involving scenes and processes not welcomed by elderly and conservative Galens. I was touched by his account of the aged Dr. defects. and trembling a bit when I examined the unconventional and astonishingly ancient volumes on his shelves. I may add. for Dr. The livid aspect of his countenance was intensified.most serious impairments. He developed strange caprices. or even absences in the battery of specific organs. affect him fatally. who had shared his earlier experiments and nursed him through the great illness of eighteen years before. whence his present disorders proceeded. he was afflicted with a complication of maladies requiring a very exact regimen which included constant cold. the bathroom and 110 . Perhaps the strain had been too great. almost cured of my disease for all time by his skillful ministrations. and finally even 28 degrees. No sooner had the venerable practitioner saved his colleague than he himself succumbed to the grim enemy he had fought. and his mind and will displayed less resilience and initiative.

I perceived that it must be connected with his ailment. The pretence of eating. An increasing and unexplained atmosphere of panic seemed to rise around his apartment. he virtually abandoned. oddly enough.laboratory. Mrs. of course. One September day an unexpected glimpse of him induced an epileptic fit in a man who had come to repair his electric desk lamp. I burned all these papers undelivered and unopened. and mental power alone appeared to keep him from total collapse. so that he seemed about to hurl defiance at the death-daemon even as that ancient enemy seized him. but including a once celebrated French physician now generally thought dead. but laughed hollowly when such things as burial or funeral arrangements were gently suggested. but the smell in his room was worse–and in spite of all the spices and incense. He acquired a habit of writing long documents of some sort. yet his will and driving force waxed rather than waned. a fit for which he prescribed effectively whilst keeping himself well out of sight. and the pungent chemicals of the now incessant baths which he insisted on taking unaided. and that chemical processes might not be impeded. not even letting her son Esteban continue to run errands for him. and was careful to dust his room and attend to his needs each day. as I have said. the sufferer would fly into as much of a rage as he seemed to dare to entertain. His aspect and voice became utterly frightful. A kind of growing horror. The lassitude of his earlier ill days gave place to a return of his fiery purpose. always curiously like a formality with him. of outre and morbid cast. The whole house. had been through the terrors of the Great War without having incurred any fright so thorough. He talked of death incessantly. Herrero crossed herself when she looked at him. being less chilled. and about whom the most inconceivable things had been whispered. yet in my gratitude for his healing I could not well abandon him to the strangers around him. and gave him up unreservedly to me. When I suggested other physicians. That man. seemed to possess him. As it happened. The tenant adjoining him complained of the icy air from around the connecting door. in order that water might not freeze. and shuddered when I reflected on what that ailment might be. and his presence almost unbearable. and he refused to be confined to his bed. which he carefully sealed and filled with injunctions that I transmit them after his death to certain persons whom he named–for the most part lettered East Indians. I likewise did much of his shopping. so I helped him fit heavy hangings to obviate the difficulty. 111 . he became a disconcerting and even gruesome companion. All in all. He evidently feared the physical effect of violent emotion. and gasped in bafflement at some of the chemicals he ordered from druggists and laboratory supply houses. had a musty odour. muffled in a heavy ulster which I bought especially for the purpose.

arrived at my boarding-place with the necessary paraphernalia and two sturdy and intelligent mechanics. but instructed by his mother. the doctor retired to the bathroom. have locked the door behind him. he absolutely refused. I had done all I could. yet it was now fastened. The frigidity of the apartment was now sensibly diminishing. had fled screaming and mad-eyed not long after his second delivery of ice. Finally I hired a seedy-looking loafer whom I encountered on the corner of Eighth Avenue to keep the patient supplied with ice from a little shop where I introduced him. had preceded me. when a new piston would have to be obtained. Dr. hither and thither by subway and surface car. One night about eleven the pump of the refrigerating machine broke down. He could not. 112 . The moribund hermit’s rage and fear. and at approximately 1:30 p. Muñoz summoned me by thumping on the floor. and above the chatter of awed voices I heard a man praying in a deep basso. or to order the piston while I continued with the ice. Black terror. Fiendish things were in the air. we learned that nothing could be done till morning. The task seemed interminable. in the middle of October. however. foodless round of vain telephoning. rattling hollowness surpassed description.m. it seems. My amateur efforts. and I raged almost as violently as the hermit when I saw the hours slipping by in a breathless. perhaps as a result of excessive curiosity. and a hectic quest from place to place. and hoped I was in time. and once a spasm caused him to clap his hands to his eyes and rush into the bathroom. presumably from the inside. commanding me to keep him supplied with all the ice I could obtain at all-night drug stores and cafeterias. and I worked desperately to repair the injury while my host cursed in a tone whose lifeless. of course. About noon I encountered a suitable supply house far downtown. and lodgers told over the beads of their rosaries as they caught the odour from beneath the doctor’s closed door. thick dripping. There was no sound within save a nameless sort of slow. swelling to grotesque proportions. and a thick voice croaking out the order for “More–more!” At length a warm day broke.m. and when I had brought in a mechanic from a neighbouring all-night garage. and applied myself diligently to the task of finding a pump piston and engaging workmen competent to install it. I asked Esteban either to help with the ice-fetching whilst I obtained the pump piston. however. and I never saw his eyes again. and at about 5 a. the horror of horrors came with stupefying suddenness. He groped his way out with face tightly bandaged. The lounger I had hired. As I would return from my sometimes discouraging trips and lay my spoils before the closed bathroom door.Then. I could hear a restless splashing within. The house was in utter turmoil. and the shops opened one by one. so that within three hours the process of ammonia cooling became impossible. seemed likely to shatter what remained of his failing physique. proved of no use.

He couldn’t stand what he had to do–he had to get me in a strange. but the shock killed him. It had to be done my way–preservation–for you see I died that time eighteen years ago. or had been. The nauseous words seemed wellnigh incredible in that yellow sunlight. but couldn’t keep up indefinitely. “is here. but the landlady found a way to turn the key from the outside with some wire device. dark place when he minded my letter and nursed me back. Now. blind hand on a piece of paper hideously smeared as though by the very claws that traced the hurried last words. What was. We had previously opened the doors of all the other rooms on that hall. I fancy you know– what I said about the will and the nerves and the preserved body after the organs ceased to work. Whether I believe them now I honestly do not know. I advised the breaking down of the door. yet I confess that I believed them then. Then the trail led to the couch and ended unutterably. Warmer every minute. and grow faint at a draught of unusually cool air. we tremblingly invaded the accursed south room which blazed with the warm sun of early afternoon. with the clatter of cars and motor trucks ascending clamorously from crowded Fourteenth Street. where a terrible little pool had accumulated. and thence to the desk. and flung all the windows to the very top. But this is what I shiveringly puzzled out on the stickily smeared paper before I drew a match and burned it to a crisp. and the tissues can’t last.” ran that noisome scrawl. noses protected by handkerchiefs. slimy trail led from the open bathroom door to the hall door. It was good theory. Dr. No more ice–the man looked and ran away. “The end. Torres knew. Herrero and the workmen despite a fear that gnawed my inmost soul. and all that I can say is that I hate the smell of ammonia. Something was scrawled there in pencil in an awful. There was a gradual deterioration I had not foreseen. on the couch I cannot and dare not say here. And the organs never would work again.” 113 .Briefly consulting with Mrs. what I puzzled out in terror as the landlady and two mechanics rushed frantically from that hellish place to babble their incoherent stories at the nearest police station. A kind of dark. There are things about which it is better not to speculate.

waiting either for some passing ship. was the discipline of our captors. and no island or coastline was in sight. for there was in the air and in the rotting soil a sinister quality which chilled me to the very core. The weather kept fair. The change happened whilst I slept. though never fully realise. indeed. 11. It was in one of the most open and least frequented parts of the broad Pacific that the packet of which I was supercargo fell a victim to the German sea-raider. since by tonight I shall be no more. or to be cast on the shores of some habitable land. The region was putrid with the 114 . I was in reality more horrified than astonished. I had but little idea of my surroundings. I can bear the torture no longer. whilst we of her crew were treated with all the fairness and consideration due us as naval prisoners. and I began to despair in my solitude upon the heaving vastness of unbroken blue. so that our vessel was made a legitimate prize. I could only guess vaguely by the sun and stars that I was somewhat south of the equator. though troubled and dream-infested. Do not think from my slavery to morphine that I am a weakling or a degenerate. and at the end of my supply of the drug which alone. Though one might well imagine that my first sensation would be of wonder at so prodigious and unexpected a transformation of scenery. Never a competent navigator. was continuous. that five days after we were taken I managed to escape alone in a small boat with water and provisions for a good length of time. and for uncounted days I drifted aimlessly beneath the scorching sun. Its details I shall never know. When you have read these hastily scrawled pages you may guess. The great war was then at its very beginning. 23-29. So liberal. But neither ship nor land appeared. why it is that I must have forgetfulness or death. for my slumber. and in which my boat lay grounded some distance away. and shall cast myself from this garret window into the squalid street below. Of the longitude I knew nothing. and the ocean forces of the Hun had not completely sunk to their later degradation.Dagon Written July 1917 Published November 1919 in The Vagrant. No. Penniless. it was to discover myself half sucked into a slimy expanse of hellish black mire which extended about me in monotonous undulations as far as I could see. I am writing this under an appreciable mental strain. makes life endurable. When at last I awakened. When I finally found myself adrift and free.

and nothing in sight save a vast reach of black slime. For several hours I sat thinking or brooding in the boat. yet the very completeness of the stillness and the homogeneity of the landscape oppressed me with a nauseating fear. Such visions as I had experienced were too much for me to endure again. That night I slept but little. Perhaps I should not hope to convey in mere words the unutterable hideousness that can dwell in absolute silence and barren immensity. strain my ears as I might. my journey would have cost me less energy. I now felt quite able to 115 . but I was too much concerned with graver things to mind so slight an evil. Nor were there any sea-fowl to prey upon the dead things. a portion of the ocean floor must have been thrown to the surface. Without the glare of the parching sun. exposing regions which for innumerable millions of years had lain hidden under unfathomable watery depths. I slept in the shadow of the hill. determined to sleep no more. indeed. So great was the extent of the new land which had risen beneath me. the ground lost some of its stickiness. and the next day I made for myself a pack containing food and water. All day I forged steadily westward. that I could not detect the faintest noise of the surging ocean. Through some unprecedented volcanic upheaval. As I crawled into the stranded boat I realised that only one theory could explain my position. which lay upon its side and afforded a slight shade as the sun moved across the heavens. The sun was blazing down from a sky which seemed to me almost black in its cloudless cruelty. but ere the waning and fantastically gibbous moon had risen far above the eastern plain. As the day progressed. That night I encamped. an intervening valley setting it out in sharper relief from the general surface. The odour of the fish was maddening. and of other less describable things which I saw protruding from the nasty mud of the unending plain. guided by a far-away hummock which rose higher than any other elevation on the rolling desert. On the third morning I found the soil dry enough to walk upon with ease. and set out boldly for an unknown goal. and seemed likely to dry sufficiently for travelling purposes in a short time. which turned out to be much higher than it had appeared from a distance. though that object seemed scarcely nearer than when I had first espied it. preparatory to an overland journey in search of the vanished sea and possible rescue. and on the following day still travelled toward the hummock. I was awake in a cold perspiration. as though reflecting the inky marsh beneath my feet. There was nothing within hearing.carcasses of decaying fish. I know not why my dreams were so wild that night. And in the glow of the moon I saw how unwise I had been to travel by day. Too weary to ascend. By the fourth evening I attained the base of the mound.

I have said that the unbroken monotony of the rolling plain was a source of vague horror to me. That it was merely a gigantic piece of stone. whose black recesses the moon had not yet soared high enough to illumine. and unlike anything I had ever seen in books. The moon. Urged on by an impulse which I cannot definitely analyse. and almost lapping my feet as I stood on the slope. Several characters obviously represented marine 116 . gazing into the Stygian deeps where no light had yet penetrated. I scrambled with difficulty down the rocks and stood on the gentler slope beneath. but I think my horror was greater when I gained the summit of the mound and looked down the other side into an immeasurable pit or canyon. peering over the rim into a fathomless chaos of eternal night. Ledges and outcroppings of rock afforded fairly easy footholds for a descent. I perceived beyond a doubt that the strange object was a well-shaped monolith whose massive bulk had known the workmanship and perhaps the worship of living and thinking creatures. shone weirdly and vividly above the towering steeps that hemmed in the chasm. molluscs. I felt myself on the edge of the world. As the moon climbed higher in the sky. which rose steeply about a hundred yards ahead of me. the wavelets washed the base of the Cyclopean monolith. winding out of sight in both directions. octopi. now near the zenith. Picking up my pack. consisting for the most part of conventionalised aquatic symbols such as fishes. eels. and revealed the fact that a far-flung body of water flowed at the bottom. The writing was in a system of hieroglyphics unknown to me. Across the chasm. I examined my surroundings more closely. crustaceans. and its position in an abyss which had yawned at the bottom of the sea since the world was young. and Satan’s hideous climb through the unfashioned realms of darkness. an object that gleamed whitely in the newly bestowed rays of the ascending moon. but I was conscious of a distinct impression that its contour and position were not altogether the work of Nature. yet not without a certain thrill of the scientist’s or archaeologist’s delight. for despite its enormous magnitude. Through my terror ran curious reminiscences of Paradise Lost. A closer scrutiny filled me with sensations I cannot express. on whose surface I could now trace both inscriptions and crude sculptures. Dazed and frightened. I started for the crest of the eminence. I began to see that the slopes of the valley were not quite so perpendicular as I had imagined. whilst after a drop of a few hundred feet.perform the ascent which had deterred me at sunset. whales and the like. All at once my attention was captured by a vast and singular object on the opposite slope. the declivity became very gradual. I soon assured myself.

some tribe whose last descendant had perished eras before the first ancestor of the Piltdown or Neanderthal Man was born. brought thither by the captain of the American ship which had picked up my boat in midocean. though the creatures were shown disporting like fishes in the waters of some marine grotto. and of my delirious journey back to the stranded boat. but found that my words had been given scant attention. When I came out of the shadows I was in a San Francisco hospital. I remarked. Then suddenly I saw it. glassy. as I say. I stood musing whilst the moon cast queer reflections on the silent channel before me.things which are unknown to the modern world. Polyphemus-like. Plainly visible across the intervening water on account of their enormous size was an array of bas-reliefs whose subjects would have excited the envy of a Dore. bulging eyes. for the mere remembrance makes me grow faint. at any rate. shockingly wide and flabby lips. but in a moment decided that they were merely the imaginary gods of some primitive fishing or seafaring tribe. With only a slight churning to mark its rise to the surface. it darted like a stupendous monster of nightmares to the monolith. and loathsome. I think that these things were supposed to depict men — at least. however. a certain sort of men. I believe I sang a great deal. or paying homage at some monolithic shrine which appeared to be under the waves as well. about which it flung its gigantic scaly arms. Of any land upheaval in the Pacific. Once I sought out a celebrated ethnologist. but whose decomposing forms I had observed on the ocean-risen plain. Awestruck at this unexpected glimpse into a past beyond the conception of the most daring anthropologist. that did most to hold me spellbound. the while it bowed its hideous head and gave vent to certain measured sounds. and other features less pleasant to recall. Vast. the thing slid into view above the dark waters. In my delirium I had said much. I have indistinct recollections of a great storm some time after I reached the boat. they were damnably human in general outline despite webbed hands and feet. for one of the creatures was shown in the act of killing a whale represented as but little larger than himself. I remember little. It was the pictorial carving. I knew that I heard peals of thunder and other tones which Nature utters only in her wildest moods. nor did I deem it necessary to insist upon a thing which I knew they could not believe. my rescuers knew nothing. they seemed to have been chiselled badly out of proportion with their scenic background. Of my frantic ascent of the slope and cliff. I think I went mad then. and amused him with 117 . Curiously enough. Grotesque beyond the imagination of a Poe or a Bulwer. Of their faces and forms I dare not speak in detail. and laughed oddly when I was unable to sing. their grotesqueness and strange size.

The end is near. This I ask myself. I dream of a day when they may rise above the billows to drag down in their reeking talons the remnants of puny. It shall not find me. and has drawn me into its clutches as a hopeless slave. God. the FishGod. but soon perceiving that he was hopelessly conventional. having written a full account for the information or the contemptuous amusement of my fellow-men. and the dark ocean floor shall ascend amidst universal pandemonium. that hand! The window! The window! 118 . I hear a noise at the door. I did not press my inquiries. It is at night. worshipping their ancient stone idols and carving their own detestable likenesses on submarine obelisks of watersoaked granite. that I see the thing. especially when the moon is gibbous and waning. So now I am to end it all. but the drug has given only transient surcease. as of some immense slippery body lumbering against it. I cannot think of the deep sea without shuddering at the nameless things that may at this very moment be crawling and floundering on its slimy bed. war-exhausted mankind — of a day when the land shall sink.peculiar questions regarding the ancient Philistine legend of Dagon. Often I ask myself if it could not all have been a pure phantasm — a mere freak of fever as I lay sun-stricken and raving in the open boat after my escape from the German man-of-war. I tried morphine. but ever does there come before me a hideously vivid vision in reply.

That was in 1692 . Nor was any spot in that city more steeped in macabre memory than the gable room which harboured him . and tries to trace a strange background of multi-dimensional reality behind the ghoulish hints of the Gothic tales and the wild whispers of the chimney-corner. No. Non-Euclidean calculus and quantum physics are enough to stretch any brain. legend-haunted city of Arkham. and he had long ago stopped the cheap mantel clock whose ticking had come to seem like a thunder of artillery. 1. they had stopped him from consulting the dubious old books on forbidden secrets that were kept 119 . unhallowed garret gable where he wrote and studied and wrestled with flgures and formulae when he was not tossing on the meagre iron bed. Possibly Gilman ought not to have studied so hard. At night the subtle stirring of the black city outside. The darkness always teemed with unexplained sound . Vol.and yet he sometimes shook with fear lest the noises he heard should subside and allow him to hear certain other fainter noises which he suspected were lurking behind them.the gaoler had gone mad and babbled of a small white-fanged furry thing which scuttled out of Keziah’s cell. and had voluntarily cut down his course at several points. with its clustering gambrel roofs that sway and sag over attics where witches hid from the King’s men in the dark. 86-111. He was in the changeless. The professors at Miskatonic had urged him to slacken up. Gilman came from Haverhill. the sinister scurrying of rats in the wormy partitions. Behind everything crouched the brooding. Whether the dreams brought on the fever or the fever brought on the dreams Walter Gilman did not know. but it was only after he had entered college in Arkham that he began to connect his mathematics with the fantastic legends of elder magic. whose flight from Salem Gaol at the last no one was ever able to explain. Something in the air of the hoary town worked obscurely on his imagination. and when one mixes them with folklore. and the creaking of hidden timbers in the centuried house. His ears were growing sensitive to a preternatural and intolerable degree. were enough to give him a sense of strident pandemonium.for it was this house and this room which had likewise harboured old Keziah Mason. olden years of the Province. festering horror of the ancient town. Moreover. sticky fluid. and not even Cotton Mather could explain the curves and angles smeared on the grey stone walls with some red.Dreams in the Witch-House Written Jan-28 Feb 1932 Published July 1933 in Weird Tales. one can hardly expect to be wholly free from mental tension. and of the mouldy. 22.

about the irregular human tooth-marks left on certain sleepers in that and other houses. and of her new secret name of Nahab. But all these precautions came late in the day. indeed. She had spoken also of the Black Man. She had told Judge Hathorne of lines and curves that could be made to point out directions leading through the walls of space to other spaces beyond. Yet nothing whatever happened to Gilman till about the time of the fever. and de Sitter. and had felt a queer thrill on learning that her dwelling was still standing after more than two hundred and thirty-five years. There was much in the Essex County records about Keziah Mason’s trial. He studied the timber and plaster walls for traces of cryptic designs at every accessible spot where the paper had peeled. It had been vacant from the first . hard to rent. he resolved to live in the place at any cost. sharp-toothed thing which haunted the mouldering structure and the town and nuzzled people curiously in the black hours before dawn. so that Gilman had some terrible hints from the dreaded Necronomicon of Abdul Alhazred. was why he had taken it. Heisenberg. and the suppressed Unaussprechlicken Kulten of von Junzt to correlate with his abstract formulae on the properties of space and the linkage of dimensions known and unknown.under lock and key in a vault at the university library. and about the small.that. Gilman could not have told what he expected to find there. and no record of the witch’s incantations rewarded 120 . of her oath. and what she had admitted under pressure to the Court of Oyer and Terminer had fascinated Gilman beyond all reason. but he knew he wanted to be in the building where some circumstance had more or less suddenly given a mediocre old woman of the Seventeenth Century an insight into mathematical depths perhaps beyond the utmost modern delvings of Planck. for the house was unpopular. Einstein. and Hallowmass. the fragmentary Book of Eibon. Gilman believed strange things about Keziah. He knew his room was in the old Witch-House . Then she had drawn those devices on the walls of her cell and vanished. about the stench often noted in the old house’s attic just after those dreaded seasons.for no one had ever been willing to stay there long but the Polish landlord had grown wary about renting it. no small furry thing crept into his dismal eyrie to nuzzle him. When he heard the hushed Arkham whispers about Keziah’s persistent presence in the old house and the narrow streets. No ghostly Keziah flitted through the sombre halls and chambers. and within a week managed to get the eastern attic room where Keziah was held to have practised her spells. and long given over to cheap lodgings. and had implied that such lines and curves were frequently used at certain midnight meetings in the dark valley of the white stone beyond Meadow Hill and on the unpeopled island in the river. furry. about the childish cries heard near May-Eve. A room was easy to secure.

The touch of brain-fever and the dreams began early in February.nor any appearance of a former avenue of access . He also rowed out twice to the ill-regarded island in the river. and there was a faint suggestion behind the surface that everything of that monstrous past might not .slanting ceiling met the inward-slanting wall. for was it not through certain angles that she claimed to have gone outside the boundaries of the world of space we know? His interest gradually veered away from the unplumbed voids beyond the slanting surfaces.which must have had a slanting floor was likewise inaccessible.have utterly perished. For some time. small-paned windows. might have had excellent reasons for living in a room with peculiar angles. since it now appeared that the purpose of those surfaces concerned the side he was on. Sometimes he would take walks through shadowy tangles of unpaved musty-smelling lanes where eldritch brown houses of unknown age leaned and tottered and leered mockingly through narrow. though a view from the exterior showed where a window had heen boarded up at a very remote date. the north wall slating perceptibly inward from the outer to the inner end. Life had become an insistent and almost unendurable cacophony. while the low ceiling slanted gently downward in the same direction.his constant search. and made a sketch of the singular angles described by the moss-grown rows of grey standing stones whose origin was so obscure and immemorial. his apprehensions about the mid-year examinations being very acute. No amount of persuasion.trembling on the very brink of 121 .perhaps from regions beyond life . his absorption in the irregular wall and ceiling of his room increased. Here he knew strange things had happened once. As time wore along. however. almost hypnotic effect on him. Gilman’s room was of good size but queerly irregular shape. could induce the stolid landlord to let him investigate either of these two closed spaces.at least in the darkest. and there was that constant. there was no access . When Gilman climbed up a ladder to the cob-webbed level loft above the rest of the attic he found vestiges of a bygone aperture tightly and heavily covered with ancient planking and secured by the stout wooden pegs common in Colonial carpentry. About this period his inability to concentrate on his formal studies worried him considerably. Aside from an obvious rat-hole and the signs of other stopped-up ones. and as the bleak winter advanced he had found himself staring more and more intently at the corner where the down. he reflected. apparently. Old Keziah. the curious angles of Gilman’s room had been having a strange. narrowest. But the exaggerated sense of bearing was scarcely less annoying.to the space which must have existed between the slanting wall and the straight outer wall on the house’s north side. terrifying impression of other sounds . and most intricately crooked alleys . for he began to read into the odd angles a mathematical significance which seemed to offer vague clues regarding their pnrpose. The loft above the ceiling .

That object . whose image flitted across his vision in a form a thousandfold more hateful than anything his waking mind had deduced from the ancient records and the modern whispers. 122 . and it could speak all languages.though not without a certain grotesque relationship to his normal proportions and properties. too. legs. Sometimes their scratching seemed not only furtive but deliberate. but that its sharp-toothed.audibility.no larger than a good-sized rat and quaintly called by the townspeople “Brown Jenkins . He did not walk or climb.guided by some influence past all conjecture . and about the possibility that old Keziah Mason . and when it came from the century-closed loft above the slanting ceiling Gilman always braced himself as if expecting some horror which only bided its time before descending to engulf him utterly.seemed to have been the fruit of a remarkable case of sympathetic herd-delusion. Of all the bizarre monstrosities in Gilman’s dreams.and the descriptions of the darting little furry object which served as her familiar were so painfully realistic despite their incredible details.had actually found the gate to those regions. Witnesses said it had long hair and the shape of a rat. with a baffling and disconcerting amount of agreement. There were recent rumours. Gilman’s dreams consisted largely in plunges through limitless abysses of inexplicably coloured twilight and baffingly disordered sound. for sight of his arms. of his studies in mathematics and in folklore. he could not even begin to explain. jointly. Its voice was a kind of loathsome titter. yet always experienced a mode of motion partly voluntary and partly involuntary. Of his own condition he could not well judge. crawl or wriggle. for in 1692 no less than eleven persons had testified to glimpsing it. He had been thinking too much about the vague regions which his formulae told him must lie beyond the three dimensions we know. It took messages betwixt old Keziah and the devil. abysses whose material and gravitational properties. and Gilman fell that they must be a result. and torso seemed always cut off by some odd disarrangement of perspective. So far as concrete noises went. and whose relation to his own entity. and was nursed on the witch’s blood. fly or swim. but he felt that his physical organization and faculties were somehow marvellously transmuted and obliquely projected . When it came from beyond the slanting north wall it was mixed with a sort of dry rattling. bearded face was evilly human while its paws were like tiny human hands. The dreams were wholly beyond the pale of sanity. nothing filled him with greater panic and nausea than this blasphemous and diminutive hybrid. the rats in the ancient partitions were the worst. The yellowed country records containing her testimony and that of her accusers were so damnably suggestive of things beyond human experience . which it sucked like a vampire.

octopi. showing in a violet mist the convergence of angled planes which had seized his brain so insidiously. but seemed to be synchronous with vague visual changes in all the indefinite objects. roaring confusion of sound which permeated the abysses was past all analysis as to pitch. The horror would appear to pop out of the rat-hole in the corner and patter toward him over the sagging. sharper dreams which assailed him just before he dropped into the fullest depths of sleep.were totally beyond description or even comprehension. labyrinths. Of these categories one seemed to him to include objects slightly less illogical and irrelevant in their motions than the members of the other categories. clusters of cubes and planes. hideous fright which generally jolted him awake. But it was not in these vortices of complete alienage that he saw Brown Jenkin. being crowded with indescribably angled masses of alien-hued substance. Of how the organic entities moved.the tendency of certain entities to appear suddenly out of empty space. bearded human face.The abysses were by no means vacant. centipedes. sharp. Once he had the landlord nail a tin over it.organic and inorganic alike . Gilman sometimes compared the inorganic matter to prisms. In time he observed a further mystery . 123 . some of which appeared to be organic while others seemed inorganic. but mercifully. and whenever one of the organic entities appeared by its motions to be noticing him. he could tell no more than of how he moved himself. A few of the organic objects tended to awake vague memories in the back of his mind. The shrieking. but each night the real tenants of the partitions would gnaw away the obstruction. and the organic things struck him variously as groups of bubbles. That shocking little horror was reserved for certain lighter. In the later dreams he began to distinguish separate categories into which the organic objects appeared to be divided. he felt a stark. Everything he saw was unspeakably menacing and horrible. wide-planked floor with evil expectancy in its tiny. but the next night the rats gnawed a fresh hole. relentlessly inevitable fluctuations. All the objects . and intricate arabesques roused into a kind of ophidian animation. whatever it might be. Gilman had a constant sense of dread that it might rise to some unbearable degree of intensity during one or another of its obscure. and Cyclopean buildings. though he could form no conscious idea of what they mockingly resembled or suggested. timbre or rhythm. Gilman tried to stop up the rat-hole every day. and which seemed to involve in each case a radically different species of conduct-pattern and basic motivation. in making which they pushed or dragged out into the room a curious little fragment of bone. this dream always melted away before the object got close enough to nuzzle him. He would be lying in the dark fighting to keep awake when a faint lambent glow would seem to shimmer around the centuried room. It had hellishly long. organic and inorganic alike. living Hindoo idols. canine teeth. or to disappear totally with equal suddenness.

those nervous fears were being mirrored in his disordered dreams. he reflected. On those occasions the evil. were of absorbing vividness and convincingness. even though some of his hypothetical illustrations caused an increase in the always plentiful gossip about his nervous and solitary eccentricity. he failed in Calculus D and Advanced General Psychology.especially the first time when an overgrown rat darting across the shadowed mouth of a neighbouring alley had made him think irrationally of Brown Jenkin. sardonic.or even as fabulously remote as the tentatively conceivable cosmic units beyond the whole Einsteinian spacetime continuum. and whenever he awaked he retained a vague sense of having undergone much more than he remembered. What made the students shake their heads was his sober theory that a man might . though not without hope of making up lost ground before the end of the term. He was hideously sure that in unrecalled dreams he had talked with both Brown Jenkin and the old woman. but finally he decided that it was like an ancient crone whom he had twice actually encountered in the dark tangle of lanes near the abandoned wharves. for he knew he could not pass the examinations if ordered to the college infirmary when every moment was needed for cramming. and astonished Professor Upham by his comprehension of fourth-dimensional and other problems which had floored all the rest of the class. Now.step deliberately from the earth to any other celestial body which might lie at one of an infinity of specifc points in the cosmic pattern. He argued that the fever alone was responsible for his nightly fantasies. Gilman’s handling of this theme filled everyone with admiration. and of theoretical points of approach or even contact between our part of the cosmos and various other regions as distant as the farthest stars or the transgalactic gulfs themselves . 124 .Gilman did not report his fever to the doctor. He was getting an intuitive knack for solving Riemannian equations. and the nightmare shape of Brown Jenkin began to be companioned by the nebulous blur which grew more and more to resemble a bent old woman. and seemingly unmotivated stare of the beldame had set him almost shivering . One afternoon there was a discussion of possible freakish curvatures in space. and that when the touch abated he would be free from the monstrous visions. though the other stndies bothered him increasingly. and that they had been urging him to go somewhere with them and to meet a third being of greater potency. however. It was in March when the fresh element entered his lighter preliminary dreaming. but traces of his early morbid interest still held him there. As it was. That the influence of the old house was unwholesome he could not deny.given mathematical knowledge admittedly beyond all likelihood of human acquirement . Toward the end of March he began to pick up in his mathematics. This addition disturbed him more than he could account for. Those visions.

since shoes as well as other apparel were always precisely in place in the morning. a passage back to the threedimensional sphere at another point. first. and its survival of the second stage would depend upon what alien part of three-dimensional space it might select for its re-entry. and sometimes the illusion of such things was agonizingly realistic. now feel certain that noises other than rat-scratching came from the black voids beyond the slanting wall and above the slanting ceiling? His pathologically sensitive ears began to listen for faint footfalls in the immemorially sealed loft overhead.be they within or outside the given spacetime continuum . This fellow also spoke of hearing the tread of shod feet in the night. Of this he had been assured by Frank Elwood.though of course there must be vast numbers of mutually uninhabitable even though mathematically juxtaposed bodies or zones of space. he knew that he had actually become a somnambulist. perhaps one of infinite remoteness. though one could be fairly certain that the type of mutation involved in a passage from any given dimensional plane to the next higher one would not be destructive of biological integrity as we understand it. Any being from any part of three-dimensional space could probably survive in the fourth dimension.human or pre-human .and that the converse would be likewise true. but Gilman was sure he must have been mistaken in this. or to similar dimensional phases of other space-time continua . Professor Upham especially liked his demonstration of the kinship of higher mathematics to certain phases of magical lore transmitted down the ages from an ineffable antiquity . the one fellow-student whose 125 . He was also troubled by what some of his fellow lodgers said about his sleep-walking.even planets belonging to other galaxies. he said. Gilman could not be very clear about his reasons for this last assumption. That this could be accomplished without loss of life was in many cases conceivable. This was a matter for speculation. It was also possible that the inhabitants of a given dimensional realm could survive entry to many unknown and incomprehensible realms of additional or indefinitely multiplied dimensions . However.for did not Gilman himself. for twice at night his room had been found vacant. a passage out of the three-dimensional sphere we know.Such a step. Denizens of some planets might be able to live on certain others . but his haziness here was more than overbalanced by his clearness on other complex points. even in daylight. One could develop all sorts of aural delusions in this morbid old house . though with all his clothing in place. would require only two stages.whose knowledge of the cosmos and its laws was greater than ours. and second. Around 1 April Gilman worried cosiderably because his slow fever did not abate. It seened that he was often absent from his bed and that the creaking of his floor at certain hours of the night was remarked by the man in the room below.

Now he was praying because the Witches’ Sabbath was drawing near. Elwood had been studying in the small hours and had come up for help on a differential equation. nuzzling thing.poverty forced him to room in this squalid and unpopular house. They must be up to something. It was always a very bad lime in Arkham. On reflection.given him for the purpose by Father Iwanicki of St. It had been rather presumptuous of him to open the unlocked door after knocking had failed to rouse a response. imaginary footsteps in 126 . and advised him to see a nerve specialist. and was surprised to find his temperature was not as high as he had feared. for his grandmother in the old country had heard tales from her grandmother.an impossible thing now that he was so close to great results in his equations. would have made him take a rest . Gilman’s fever-sharpened ears were disturbed by the whining prayers of a superstitious loom-fixer named Joe Mazurewicz who had a room on the ground floor. when hell’s blackest evil roamed the earth and all the slaves of Satan gathered for nameless rites and deeds. though. Stanislaus’ Church . The physician questioned him sharply. and a child or two would probably be missing. It was wise to pray and count one’s beads at this season.could bring him relief. For three months Keziah and Brown Jenkin had not been near Joe’s room. barefoot and with only his night clothes on. he was glad he had not consulted the still more inquisitive college doctor. Mazurewicz had told long.and it meant no good when they held off like that. and when told of the matter he wondered where he could have been wandering. even though the fine folks up in Miskatonic Avenue and High and Saltonstall Streets pretended to know nothing about it. and had said he was so badly haunted at times that only his silver crucifix . Did all of this perilous sense of immininence come from the formulae on the sheets he covered day by day? The soft. Gilman dropped in at the doctor’s office on the sixteenth of the month. As April advanced. He resolved to investigate the matter if reports of his sleep-walking continued. for there was no possible foothold outside the narrow window. nor near Paul Choynski’s room. On neither occasion. nor anywhere else . stealthy. had Gilman been there. Old Waldron. and thought of sprinkling flour on the floor of the corridor to see where his footsteps might lead. who had curtailed his activities before. only to find Gilman absent. May Eve was Walpurgis Night. rambling stories about the ghost of old Keziah and the furry sharp-fanged. The door was the only conceivable egress. but he had needed the help very badly and thought that his host would not mind a gentle prodding awake. Joe knew about such things. He was certainly near the boundary between the known universe and the fourth dimension. and who could say how much farther he might go? But even as these thoughts came to him he wondered at the source of his strange confidence. There would be bad doings.

and knew it stood for a primal evil too horrible for description. In the lighter preliminary phase the evil old woman was now of fiendish distinctness. Her bent back. He must sign the book of Azathoth in his own blood and take a new secret name now that his independent delvings had gone so far.seemed to take notice of him and follow him about or float ahead as he 127 . The old woman always appeared out of thin air near the corner where the downward slant met the inward slant. including human beings. That was what she said. and shrivelled chin were unmistakable. and her shapeless brown garments were like those he remembered. and sometimes he feared it corresponded to certain attributes of the vague shrieking or roaring in those wholly alien abysses of dream. and he could remember in the morning how it had pronounced the words “Azathoth” and “Nyarlathotep”. What kept him from going with her and Brown Jenkin and the other to the throne of Chaos where the thin flutes pipe mindlessly was the fact that he had seen the name “Azathoth” in the Necronomicon. unless perhaps to the cadence of one or two unmentionable Sabbat-chants. How about the somnambulism? Where did he go sometimes in the night? And what was that faint suggestion of sound which once in a while seemed to trickle through the confusion of identifiable sounds even in broad daylight and full wakefulness? Its rhythm did not correspond to anything on earth.the sealed loft above were unnerving. She seemed to crystallize at a point closer to the ceiling than to the floor. and when he awaked he could recall a croaking voice that persuaded and threatened. The dreams were meanwhile getting to be atrocious. The expression on her face was one of hideous malevolence and exultation. and Gilman knew she was the one who had frightened him in the slums. What the others were in their own dimensional sphere or spheres he dared not try to think. too was always a little nearer at the last. Its shrill loathsome tittering struck more and more into Gilman’s head. and every night she was a little nearer and more distinct before the dream shifted. In the deeper dreams everything was likewise more distinct. long nose. and Gilman felt that the twilight abysses around him were those of the fourth dimension. He must meet the Black Man and go with them all to the throne of Azathoth at the centre of ultimate chaos. too. And now. Brown Jenkin. and its yellowish-white fangs glistened shockingly in that unearthly violet phosphorescence. there was a growing feeling that somebody was constantly persuading him to do something terrible which he could not do. Two of the less irrelevantly moving things a rather large congeries of iridescent. Those organic entities whose motions seemed least flagrantly irrelevant and unmotivated were probably projections of life-forms from our own planet. prolately spheroidal bubbles and a very much smaller polyhedron of unknown colours and rapidly shifting surface angles .

He was good for nothing that morning. As the day advanced. The crone strained up to her knees and managed to cross her arms in a singular fashion. the focus of his unseeing eyes changed position. In another second he was out of the abyss and standing tremulously on a rocky hillside bathed in intense. and stayed away from all his classes. diffused green light. A swirling vapour hid everything but the immediate sloping terrain from sight. Spurred by an impulse he did not originate. At last he woke in his bed in the crazily angled garret of the eldritch old house. and before he had shuffled three steps he was back in the twilight abysses. Geometrical shapes seethed around him. About two o’clock he went out for lunch and as he threaded the narrow lanes of the city he found himself turning always to the southeast. so with great resolution he headed against it and dragged himself deliberately north along Garrison Street. while Brown Jenkin pointed in a certain direction with a horribly anthropoid forepaw which it raised with evident difficulty. Undoubtedly he could still manage to walk away from the pull. and all the while the vague shrieking and roaring waxed louder and louder. Some unknown attraction was pulling his eyes in a seemingly irrelevant direction.perhaps there was a connection with his somnambulism . Only an effort halted him at a cafeteria in Church Street. Then he saw the two shapes laboriously crawling toward him . and he clutched at the iron 128 .the old woman and the little furry thing. and he fell dizzily and interminably. He was barefooted and in his nightclothes.but meanwhile he might at least try to break the morbid spell himself. and by noon he had conquered the impulse to stare at vacancy. and after the meal he felt the unknown pull still more strongly.changed position among the titan prisms. Gilman was half involuntarily moving about in the twilight abysses with the bubble-mass and the small polyhedron floating ahead when he noticed the peculiarly regular angles formed by the edges of some gigantic neighbouring prism-clusters. and when he tried to walk discovered that he could scarcely lift his feet. as if approaching some monstrous climax of utterly unendurable intensity. Gilman dragged himself forward along a course determined by the angle of the old woman’s arms and the direction of the small monstrosity’s paw. cube-and-plane clusters and quasi-buildings. that might surge out of that vapour. and he shrank from the thought of the sounds. He would have to consult a nerve specialist after all . By the time he had reached the bridge over the Miskatonic he was in a cold perspiration. for he could not help staring at a certain vacant spot on the floor. labyrinths. During the night of 19-20 April the new development occurred.

It was about the witch-light. but then he had seen the faint violet glow within. for everybody in Arkham knew it was Keziah’s witch-light which played near Brown Jenkin and the ghost of the old crone herself. he felt that a monstrous and invincible evil could flow from the sardonic stare of that bent. For there was a clearly visible living figure on that desolate island. The urge to walk was gradually changing to an urge to leap mystically into space. he had thought at first that Gilman’s window was dark. He had not mentioned this before. Then he gave a start. About six o’clock his sharpened ears caught the whining prayers of Joe Mazurewicz two floors below. Sometimes he and Paul Choynski and Landlord Dombrowski thought they saw that light 129 . It was in the sky. What was the meaning of this new thing? Was he going mad? How long would it last? Again mustering his resolution. He wanted to warn the gentleman about that glow. Looking up at the house from outside. with the glimmering spring stars shining ahead.railing as he gazed upstream at the ill.regarded island whose regular lines of ancient standing stones brooded sullenly in the afternoon sunlight. too.and had come home after midnight.and it was Patriots’ Day in Massachusetts . and seemed both anxious and reluctant to whisper some fresh bit of superstition. For hours he sat silent and aimless. The southeastwards pull still held. Distant though the island was. In the morning it had been underfoot. The tall grass near her was moving. When the old woman began to turn toward him he fled precipitately off the bridge and into the shelter of the town’s labyrinthine waterfront alleys. Gilman turned and dragged himself back to the sinister old house. Apparently it was a point somewhere between Hydra and Argo Navis. An hour later darkness found him in the open fields beyond Hangman’s Brook. and in desperation he seized his hat and walked out into the sunsetgolden streets. and he knew that he had been urged toward it ever since he had awaked soon after dawn. and now it was roughly south but stealing toward the west. but now he must tell about it because it meant that Keziah and her long-toothed familiar were haunting the young gentleman. letting the now directly southward pull carry him where it might. as if some other living thing were crawling close to the ground. Joe had been out celebrating the night before . ancient figure in brown. A definite point among the stars had a claim on him and was calling him. Mazurewicz was waiting for him at the door. and suddenly he realized just where the source of the pull lay. and only with tremendous resolution could Gilman drag himself into the old house and up the rickety stairs. and a second glance told him it was certainly the strange old woman whose sinister aspect had worked itself so disastrously into his dreams. with his eyes shifting gradually westward.

When he climbed to the second storey he paused at Elwood’s door but saw that the other youth was out. Then came the shift as vast converging planes of a slippery-looking substance loomed above and below him .wild dreams . alien light in which yellow. That night as Gilman slept.some of stone and some of metal . and numberless forms of still greater wildness . and half imagining that an evil violet light seeped down through an infinitesimal crack in the low. Perhaps Frank Elwood could tell him something. and the old witch and small furry thing. Behind him 130 . As the man rambled on. horizontal disks poised on pinnacles. fantastically balustraded terrace above a boundless jungle of outlandish. almost blistering glare from a poly-chromatic sky. yet the mention of a violet light in the garret window was of frightful import. see a nerve specialist. sharper dreams which prefaced his plunge into unknown abysses. domes. His gaze was still pulled to the southward. Joe said. but they had all agreed not to talk about that. though he hated to ask. each of a different hue. However. minarets. It was a lambent glow of this sort which always played about the old woman and the small furry thing in those lighter. carmine. though the pursuit of that iridescent bubble-congeries and that kaleidoscopic little polyhedron was menacing and irritating. and the thought that a wakeful second person could see the dream-luminance was utterly beyond sane harborage.a pull toward a point in the sky . and take himself in hand. Gilman felt a nameless panic clutch at his throat. mocked him with inhuman squeals and devilish gestures.but he must check up on this. incredible peaks. Looking upward he saw three stupendous disks of flame.somnambulism . getting closer than ever before. he had not . and indigo were madly and inextricably blended. balanced planes. Reluctantly he continued up to his garret room and sat down in the dark. Fever .seeping out of cracks in the sealed loft above the young gentleman’s room. slanting ceiling. the violet light broke upon him with heightened intensity. but he also found himself listening intently for some sound in the closed loft above. Yet where had the fellow got such an odd notion? Had he himself talked as well as walked around the house in his sleep? No.which glittered gorgeously in the mixed. it would be better for the gentleman to take another room and get a crucifix from some good priest like Father Iwanicki.and now a suspicion of insane sleep-talking! He must stop studying. and at a different height above an infinitely distant curving horizon of low mountains. He was glad to sink into the vaguely roaring twilight abysses. He was half lying on a high. He knew that Joe must have been half drunk when he came home the night before.illusions of sounds .a shift which ended in a flash of delirium and a blaze of unknown.

flat.work. for the exotic delicacy of the metal. and he wished he might discern the denizens of the place. for they were living entities about eight feet high. he continued to clutch it as his other hand seized a vacant space on the smooth railing. Still half dazed. delicate.tiers of higher terraces towered aloft as far as he could see. while along the rail were ranged at short intervals little figures of grotesque design and exquisite workmanship. seemed to be made of some sort of shining metal whose colour could not be guessed in the chaos of mixed effulgences. and the spiky figure snapped off under his grasp. and his first act was to walk to the balustrade and look dizzily down at the endless. But now his over-sensitive ears caught something behind him. however. furry little animal. and the tiles were cut in bizarre-angled shapes which struck himm as less asymmetrical than based on some unearthly symmetry whose laws he could not comprehend. Each of these knobs was the hub of a system of five long. two of which were the sinister old woman and the fanged. The balustrade was chest-high. It was too much. The base of the bottom knob was fused to the long railing with so delicate a point of contact that several figures had been broken off and were missing.nearly horizontal. As he listened he thought a rhythmic confusion of faint musical pipings covering a wide tonal range welled up from the narrow streets beneath. while the spiky arms gave them a maximum diameter of about two and a half inches. the tiles felt hot to his bare feet. When Gilman stood up. He was wholly alone. Cyclopean city almost two thousand feet below. and he looked back across the level terrace. the touch seeming to steady him slightly. The figures were about four and a half inches in height. and he hoped that no sound would well up from it. triangularly tapering arms arranged around it like the arms of a starfish . like the whole balustrade. They. The pavement from which he easily raised himself was a veined polished stone beyond his power to identify. and propelling themselves by a spider-like wriggling of their lower set of starfish-arms. 131 . shaped precisely like the spiky images on the balustrade. but curving slightly away from the central barrel. so that he would have fallen to the pavement had he not clutched instinctively at the lustrous balustrade. Approaching him softly though without apparent furtiveness were five figures. The other three were what sent him unconscious. and their nature utterly defied conjecture. The city below stretched away to the limits of vision. His right hand fell on one of the projecting figures. and fantastically wrought. The sight turned him giddy after a while. They represented some ridged barrel-shaped objects with thin horizontal arms radiating spoke-like from a central ring and with vertical knobs or bulbs projecting from the head and base of the barrel.

was the exotic spiky figure which in his monstrous dream he had broken off the fantastic balustrade. but he did not tell them of his walk. Only his tendency toward a dazed stupor prevented him from screaming aloud. Plodding back to town and getting some coffee at a soda fountain.Gilman awoke in his bed. but felt that once more he would have to sacrifice his classes. hands and feet. Now he felt that he must go north . Though the northward pull had not diminished. he dragged himself into the public library and browsed aimlessly among the lighter magazines. He dreaded to cross the bridge that gave a view of the desolate island in the Miskatonic. At once he saw there was something on the table which did not belong there. as if it were necessary for him to get out of the house as quickly as possible. the knobs at each end. After that he killed the time at a cheap cinema show. and a second look left no room for doubt. barrel-shaped center. but another of even greater strength had taken its place.infinitely north. At three o’clock he took some lunch at a restaurant. The ridged. No detail was missing. and Gilman could see amidst his horror and bewilderment that one of the knobs ended in a jagged break. It was when he turned on the feeble electric light that the shock came. so went over the Peabody Avenue bridge. and saw that he was far from the city. and Gilman hastened up to his own garret chamber without pausing to see if Elwood was in. In the electric light the colour seemed to be a kind of iridescent grey veined with green. for his eyes and ears were chained to an extremely lofty point in the blank blue sky. noting meanwhile that the pull had either lessened or divided itself. he clutched at 132 .that ancient. seeing the inane performance over and over again without paying any attention to it. and finally found that he could almost balance the one against the other.for it could not stand up alone . slightly outward-curving starfish-arms spreading from those knobs . Very often he stumbled.all were there. corresponding to its former point of attachment to the dreamrailing. Springing to the floor. Once he met some friends who remarked how oddly sunburned he looked. he resisted it as he had resisted the other pull. After about an hour he got himself under better control. About nine at night he drifted homeward and shuffled into the ancient house. Joe Mazurewicz was whining unintelligible prayers. This fusion of dream and reality was too much to bear. Lying on its side . All around him stretched the bleak emptiness of salt marshes. he washed and dressed in frantic haste. Still dazed. while the narrow road ahead led to Innsmouth . The odd pull toward that spot in the sky between Hydra and Argo had abated. drenched by a cold perspiration and with a smarting sensation in his face. the thin radiating arms. half-deserted town which Arkham people were so curiously unwilling to visit. He did not know where he wished to go. and the flat.

and greeted him pleasantly. She certainly knew nothing about it. that was the thing. This time they actually reached him. Propped level on that floor were low cases full of books of every degree of antiquity and disintegration. No. Dombrowski called her. The whining prayers of the superstitious loom-fixer were still sounding through the mouldy halls. but had found all dark within. he had not seen that thing before and did not know anything about it. But that moment was very brief. Entering his room.on the side next the wall. and the sight of it as he snatched it in his sleep must have caused the odd dream. furry thing came again and with a greater distinctness than on any former occasion. Next day he would make some very guarded inquiries . From the closed loft above the slating ceiling he thought he heard a faint scratching and padding.from the landlord. for presently he was in a crude. But his wife had said she found a funny tin thing in one of the beds when she fixed the rooms at noon. Small objects of unknown shape and nature were ranged on the tops of the cases. windowless little space with rough beams and planks rising to a peak just above his head. She had found it in the young gentleman’s bed . convinced that he was either still dreaming or that his somnambulism had run to incredible extremes and led him to depredations in unknown places. and with a curious slanting floor underfoot. It must have been somewhere. and she waddled in. He was pulled out of bed and into empty space.picture of the balustraded terrace.and perhaps see the nerve specialist. he placed the spiky thing on the table. As he went upstairs and across the garret hall he sprinkled about some flour which he had borrowed . but of course the young gentleman had lots of queer things in his room books and curios and pictures and markings on paper. Yes. and in the flaming violet light Gilman thought he saw a 133 . both apparently fastened in place. Meanwhile he would try to keep track of his somnambulism. and in the centre were a table and bench. but he was too disorganized even to mind it. and for a moment he heard a rhythmic roaring and saw the twilight amorphousness of the vague abysses seething around him. So Gilman climbed upstairs again in mental turmoil. though. The landlord was in. and lay down in complete mental and physical exhaustion without pausing to undress. That cryptical pull from the north was getting very strong again. In the dazzling violet light of dream the old woman and the fanged. Where had he got this outré thing? He did not recall seeing it in any museum in Arkham. It had looked very queer to her.the spiky thing and staggered downstairs to Landlord Dombrowski’s quarters. He had stopped at Elwood’s door on the way. but Gilman did not mind them now. though it seemed now to come from a lower place in the sky. and he felt the crone’s withered claws clutching at him.with a frank admission as to its purpose . and maybe that was it.

regular features. but nothing definite would crystallize in his mind. As he bathed and changed clothes he tried to recall what he had dreamed after the scene in the violet-litten space. but the scene with the black man in the unknown space stood out vividly. But something would have to be done about those rats. after a second’s dry rattling. The evilly-grinning beldame still clutched him. That scene itself must have corresponded to the sealed loft overhead. there presently climbed the hateful little furry thing with the yellow fangs and bearded human face.and he thought that their progress had not 134 . since there was a clicking whenever he changed position. So he had not been sleep-walking this time. which had begun to attack his imagination so violently.counterpart of the spiky image which had puzzled him so horribly.a larger wisp which now and then condensed into nameless approximations of form . The rats must have bitten him as he slept. twilight abysses. The man did not speak. As the blood spurted from this wound Gilman lapsed into a faint.congeries and the little polyhedron which always dogged him. His ears were ringing horribly. but he must have been shod. and bore no trace of expression on his small. Over everything was a pall of intensely maddening fear. giving rise to the climax of that frightful dream. but they. He awaked on the morning of the twenty-second with a pain in his left wrist. as if with the residual echoes of some horrible noise heard in dreams. Opening the door. blacker abysses beyond them . and the climax was reached when the furry thing ran up the dreamer’s clothing to his shoulders and then down his left arm. like himself. wedging in a candlestick which seemed of about the right size. He would speak to the landlord about them. His recollections were very confused. He had been taken there by the bubble. but later impressions were faint and hazy. lean man of dead black colouration but without the slightest sign of negroid features: wholly devoid of either hair or beard. finally biting him sharply in the wrist just below his cuff. On the left the floor fell abruptly away. There were suggestions of the vague. leaving a black triangular gulf out of which. had changed to wisps of mist in this farther void of ultimate blackness.abysses in which all fixed suggestions were absent.a tall. he saw that the flour on the corridor floor was undisturbed except for the huge prints of the loutish fellow who roomed at the other end of the garret. and beyond the table stood a figure he had never seen before . and saw that his cuff was brown with dried blood. and wearing as his only garment a shapeless robe of some heavy black fabric. while the beldame thrust a huge grey quill into Gilman’s right hand. Again he tried to stop up the hole at the base of the slanting wall. He merely pointed to a book of prodigious size which lay open on the table. and of still vaster. His feet were indistinguishable because of the table and bench. Something else had gone on ahead .

There was time for a little conversation before leaving for breakfast and college. the fellow under Gilman’s room. so Gilman hurriedly poured forth an account of his recent dreams and fears. He was shocked by his guest’s drawn. Elwood was in. His host was very sympathetic. He had. There was not much. and of the violet light he saw one night when he had stolen 135 . As he picked up the strange spiky image on the table he thought the older northward pull grew a trifle stronger. It occurred to him that there was no blood on the bedspread where he had lain . though. and were exchanging pitying comments about the poor. It was a vague. and of the thin.but that was all. though. and agreed that something ought to be done. that he could say. and noticed the queer. steeling himself against the whines of the loom-fixer which welled up from the ground floor. heard the French-Canadian who lodged just under Gilman talking to Mazurewicz one evening. insistent impulse to fly away from his present situation. He knew he did walk and the thing to do now was to stop it. Had he been sleep-walking within his room. and had the rat bitten him as he sat in some chair or paused in some less rational position? He looked in every corner for brownish drops or stains. doomed young gentleman. though they were replaced by another sensation even more inexplicable. abnormal-looking sunburn which others had remarked during the past week. Gilman decided he had picked up that last conception from what he had read in the Necronomicon about the mindless entity Azathoth. He took the spiky image down to Elwood’s room. Eventually there had been a hint of vast. He had not seen Gilman on any sleep-walking expedition. which rules all time and space from a black throne at the centre of Chaos. This morning the strange pulls from space seemed lessened. monotonous piping of an unseen flute . Desrochers. it was wholly overruled by the newer and more bewildering urge.which was very curious in view of the amount on his skin and cuff. and had no idea what the curious image could be. but even so. When the blood was washed away the wrist wound proved very slight. They were telling each other how badly they dreaded the coming of Walpurgis Night. He must ask Frank Elwood for help. but did not find any. thank heaven. he thought. leaping shadows. spinkle flour within the room as well as outside the door . half-acoustic pulsing.been in a straight line. haggard aspect.though after all no further proof of his sleepwalking was needed. of a monstrous. but rather along the alien curves and spirals of some ethereal vortex which obeyed laws unknown to the physics and mathematics of any conceivable cosmos. and Gilman puzzled over the location of the two tiny punctures. but held not a hint of the specific direction in which he wished to fly. had spoken of nocturnal footsteps shod and unshod. and appeared to be stirring about. now only a few days off. He had better.

That night he slept on a couch which Elwood had had the landlord bring to the second-storey room. 136 . and the whines of the loom-fixer were an unnerving influence. if awake. Gilman attended classes that day. There had been soft talking. Elwood said. showed no tendency to talk or rise in his sleep. That Gilman talked in his sleep was plain. while Mrs. Elwood would. he must see the specialist. These simple people were quick to imagine they had seen any odd thing they had heard about. As for a plan of action . Elwood could not imagine what had set these superstitious creatures gossiping.and as he began to describe it his voice had sunk to an inaudible whisper. Paul Choynski thought he heard sounds in the halls and on the stairs at night. whose imaginations had become highly excited. Dombrowski must attend to the poisoning of those rats in the walls. and by the nearness of traditionally-feared May Eve on the other hand.fearfully up to peer through Gilman’s keyhole. During the next few days Gilman enjoyed an almost perfect immunity from morbid manifestations. had something to say. Desrochers. too . and for the first time in weeks was wholly free from disquieting dreams. rouse him whenever he began to talk or rise in his sleep. But the feverishness still hung on. all of whom were intensely interested. and meanwhile the landlord was putting rat-poison everywhere. But such naïve reports could mean very little. though none of them could shed any light upon its nature or origin. Dombrowski vowed she had seen Brown Jenkin for the first time since All-Hallows. seeking identification and slating that it had been found in a public rubbish-can.Gilman had better move down to Elwood’s room and avoid sleeping alone. but he could sidetrack them with considerable success. too. but supposed their imaginations had been roused by Gilman’s late hours and somnolent walking and talking on the one hand. He had. and it was obviously from Desrochers’ keyhole listenings that the delusive notion of the violet dream-light had got abroad. Very soon. and claimed that his door had been softly tried. The only disturbing element was the talk among the superstitious foreigners. Strange urges still tugged at him. he told Mazurewicz. and finally forced one upon him which he said had been blessed by the good Father Iwanicki. after he had glimpsed that light through the cracks around the door. Meanwhile they would take the spiky image around to the various museums and to certain professors. Mazurewicz was always trying to make him get a crucifix. too. in fact. Also. He had not dared to peer. and Gilman let the cheap metal crucifix hang idly from a knob on his host’s dresser. Braced up by Elwood’s companionship. he insisted that cautious steps had sounded in the now vacant room above him on the first and second nights of Gilinan’s absence from it. During a free period he showed the queer image to several professors.

and Gilman waited up for him. Tradition emphasizes the uselessness of material barriers in halting a witch’s notions. The crone had seemed to notice him and leer evilly at him . The next day both youths felt very tired. and speculated about the linkage with ancient magic and folklore which seemed so darkly probable. Time could not exist in certain belts 137 . and knew they would sleep like logs when night came. for who could foretell the conditions pervading an adjacent but normally inaccessible dimension? On the other hand.For three days Gilman and Elwood canvassed the local museums in an effort to identify the strange spiky image. for scratchings and scurryings in the walls were virtually undiminished. but Dombrowski tinned it up during the day. was still to be seen. but mixed with these were at least three other apparent elements of high atomic weight which chemistry was absolutely powerless to classify. They spoke of old Keziah Mason. Suceess. Elwood was out late that night. Professor Ellery found platinum. but they did not even fit the vacant places reserved for probable elements in the periodic system. Not only did they fail to correspond with any known element. On the morning of April twenty-seventh a fresh rat-bole appeared in the room where Gilman was a guest. for the utter alienage of the thing was a tremendous challenge to scientific curiosity. and it was by no means impossible that Keziah had actually mastered the art of passing through dimensional gates. He did not wish to go to sleep in a room alone . One of the small radiating arms was broken off and subjected to chemical analysis. He wondered who she was. The mystery remains unsolved to this day. interest was intense.especially since he thought he had glimpsed in the evening twilight the repellent old woman whose image had become so horribly transferred to his dreams. might lead to dangerous and unthinkable situations.though perhaps this was merely his imagination. iron and tellurium in the strange alloy. the picturesque possibilities were enormous. but always without success. however. though the image is on exhibition at the museum of Miskatonic University. and who can say what underlies the old tales of broomstick rides through the night? Whether a modern student could ever gain similar powers from mathematical research alone. The poison was not having much effect. forgotten eons. In every quarter. In the evening they drowsily discussed the mathematical studies which had so completely and perhaps harmfully engrossed Gilman. Gilman added. and Elwood agreed that Gilman had good scientific grounds for thinking she might have stumbled on strange and significant information. and what had been near her rattling the tin can in a rubbish-heap at the mouth of a squalid courtyard. The hidden cults to which these witches belonged often guarded and handed down surprising secrets from elder.

sleeping form of Elwood on the other couch across the room. but in another second he thought he was in a dark. That night Gilman saw the violet light again. and shuddered at the desperate wildness of his whining prayers. There were evil-smelling staircases which creaked ominously. There was the immemorial figure of the deputy or messenger of hidden and terrible powers the “Black Man” of the witch-cult. which the deep mud largely concealed. Whether anybody had ever managed to do this. dragging Gilman after her by his pajama sleeves. and the little yellow-toothed morbidity tittered mockingly as it pointed at the heavily. As Gilman and Elwood retired. Old legends are hazy and ambiguous. The beldame’s face was alight with inhuman exultation. A paralysis of fear stifled all attempts to cry out. they heard Joe Mazurewicz reel into the house half drunk. and in historic times all attempts at crossing forbidden gaps seem complicated by strange and terrible alliances with beings and messengers from outside. There was. and by entering and remaining in such a belt one might preserve one’s life and age indefinitely. One might. muddy. Again the infinitude of the shrieking abysses flashed past him. Then he saw the old woman and the small furry thing advancing toward him over the carpeted floor. for example. the baffling problem of the lesser messengers or intermediaries the quasi-animals and queer hybrids which legend depicts as witches’ familiars.of space. and disappearing inside the black aperture. and finally a door leading off a landing. one could hardly conjecture with any degree of authority. Brown Jenkin was rubbing itself with a kind of affectionate playfulness around the ankles of the black man. Into this the grinning crone started. the hideous crone seized Gilman by the shoulders. and the “Nyarlathotep” of the Necronomicon. Ahead was the robed black man he had seen in the peaked space in the other dream. There was a dark open doorway on the right. 138 . and thought that someone fumbled clumsily at the latch. As once before. too sleepy to argue further. never suffering organic metabolism or deterioration except for slight amounts incurred during visits to one’s own or similar planes. and on which the old woman seemed to radiate a faint violet light. The crone fumbled with the latch and pushed the door open. In his dream he had heard a scratching and gnawing in the partitions. pass into a timeless dimension and emerge at some remote period of the earth’s history as young as before. motioning to Gilman to wait. too. while from a lesser distance the old woman was beckoning and grimacing imperiously. yanking him out of bed and into empty space. unknown alley of foetid odors with the rotting walls of ancient houses towering up on every hand. to which the black man silently pointed.

For the moment his recollections were hopelessly hazy. for he was back in his old garret room with the slanting wall and ceiling. Elwood had been lost too deeply in slumber to hear and stop him. as if he had tried to strangle himself. His throat was aching inexplicably. and the expression on its face. No. a very bad time of year for Arkham. for after dawn there had been strange sounds in the house . were wholly beyond conjecture. but found that they did not even approximately fit. shrill tittering of the fanged. The instant he opened his eyes he knew something was terribly wrong. The young gentleman had better be sure to wear the circifix Joe Mazurewicz had given him. but oddly enough they did not extend all the way to the door. Then there were those dark. The more he remembered of his hideous dream the more terrified he felt. except that most of them tended to be divided into halves.especially a thin. The sight of this form. On the floor were confused muddy prints. halting only when seized and choked by the waiting black man.The youth’s over-sensitive ears caught a hideous strangled cry. senseless form which she thrust at the dreamer as if ordering him to carry it. livid marks on his throat. There were also some curious muddy rat-tracks leading out of a fresh hole and back into it again. how he got back to his room without making tracks in the hall. On the morning of the twenty-ninth Gilman awaked into a maelstrom of horror. As consciousness departed he heard the faint. childish wail hastily choked off. for in addition to those he could recognize as his there were some smaller. He put his hands up to them. Still too dazed to cry out. but he knew at least that he must have been sleep-walking. sprawled on the now unmade bed. 139 . Even the daytime was not safe. furniture-like prints came to be mixed with his in the garret chamber. Descending to Elwood’s room he roused his still-sleeping host and began telling of how he had found himself. broke the spell. and as he struggled to a sitting posture he saw with growing fright that his feet and pajama bottoms were brown with caked mud. the more peculiar they seemed. Utter bewilderment and the fear of madness racked Gilman as he staggered to the door and saw that there were no muddy prints outside. he plunged recklessly down the noisome staircase and into the mud outside. and it added to his desperation to hear Joe Mazurewicz chanting mournfully two floors below. but Elwood could form no idea of what might really have happened. While they were talking. The more Gilman looked at them. Where Gilman could have been. Desrochers dropped in to say that he had heard a terrific clattering overhead in the dark small hours. and how the muddy. there had been no one on the stairs after midnight. almost round markings . rat-like abnormality.such as the legs of a large chair or a table might make. and cautiously descending steps he did not like. he added. and presently the beldame came out of the room bearing a small. It was. though just before midnight he had heard faint footfalls in the garret.

but Mary had not dared.who had meanwhile seen the papers and formed terrible conjectures from them . and only stupendous vigilance could avert still more direful developments. picking up a paper from the next seat as he waited for dessert. Between the phantasms of nightmare and the realities of the objective world a monstrous and unthinkable relationship was crystallizing. She had asked her neighbour Mary Czanek to sleep in the room and try to protect the child. She had. There had. they said. There had been a strange kidnapping the night before in Orne’s Gangway. and able only to pay his check and stagger back to Elwood’s room. and knew from its grimaces and titterings that little Ladislas must be marked for sacrifice at the awful Sabbat on Walpurgis Night.if anywhere . wild-eyed. she said. Gilman sat in a daze all the afternoon. and the two-year-old child of a clod-like laundry worker named Anastasia Wolejko had completely vanished from sight. This time neither could doubt but that something hideously serious was closing in around them. but not just now. a little old woman in rags. while around the feet of the negro a tame rat was rubbing and weaving in the brown mud. and for a moment both Gilman and Elwood exchanged whispered theories of the wildest kind. but was wholly unable to fix his mind on his studies. At noon he lunched at the University spa. But he never ate that dessert.Gilman mechanically attended classes that morning. Gilman must see a specialist sooner or later. had feared the event for some time. but the reasons she assigned for her fear were so grotesque that no one took them seriously. and he seemed to be awaiting the fall of some annihilating blow. The old woman had been dragging the youth. when all the papers were full of this kidnapping business. Just what had really happened was maddeningly obscure. for an item on the paper’s first page left him limp. and Elwood . Children had been taken that way every year ever since she could remember.found him thus when he came home. Had Gilman unconsciously succeeded better than he knew in his studies of space and its dimensions? Had he actually slipped outside our sphere to points unguessed and unimaginable? Where . The mother. and a young white man in his night-clothes. She could not tell the police. seen Brown Jenkin about the place now and then ever since early in March. it appeared.had he been on those nights of 140 . And her friend Pete Stowacki would not help because he wanted the child out of the way. but both vowed they had seen a crazily dressed trio furtively entering the dark passageway. They admitted they had been drunk. been a huge robed negro. for they never believed such things. But what threw Gilman into a cold perspiration was the report of a pair of revellers who had been walking past the mouth of the gangway just after midnight. A mood of hideous apprehension and expectancy had seized him.

closed his throat.the muddy alley and the stairs .the wristwound . and with the dusk would come the hellish Sabbat-time which all the foreigners and the superstitious old folk feared. How did he know so much about what they expected? How did he know the time when Nahab and her acolyte were due to bear the brimming bowl which would follow the black cock and the black goat? He saw that Elwood had dropped asleep. He hoped the electric lights would not go out.the strange sunburn . Over miles of hill and field and alley they came. Something.the pulls from the stars . Above the distant chanting and the nearer praying of Joe Mazurewicz came another sound .the ultimate black vortex . Then 141 .what did all this mean? To what extent could the laws of sanity apply to such a case? There was no sleep for either of them that night. Late at night the two youths sat drowsing in their chairs. furry horror . but next day they both cut classes and drowsed. Gilman listened as he nodded. Some of them had even told the police and advised them to look there for the missing Wolejko child. Had he signed the black man’s book after all? Then his fevered. dreaded murmur beyond the noises in the ancient house. determined scratching in the partitions.the bubble-congeries and the little polyhedron . windborne notes.Brown Jenkin … and now he saw that there was a fresh rat-hole in the wall near his couch.the unexplained image . This was April thirtieth. his preternaturally sharpened hearing seeming to strain for some subtle. and he found himself swaying to infandous rhythms said to pertain to the blackest ceremonies of the Sabbat and to have an origin outside the time and space we comprehend. however. How could he keep himself from going? What was it that had enmeshed him? Mathematics .the throat marks . and Gilman put it on and dropped it inside his shirt to humour the fellow. Presently he realized what he was listening for . The fires must be lit. and tried to call out and waken him.the hellish chant of the celebrants in the distant black valley.the black man . lulled by the praying of the loom-fixer on the floor below. He was not his own master. Joe insisted that the poor young gentleman wear his nickel-chained crucifix.the house .the old witch and the fanged.folklore .the green hillside . but they did not believe anything would be done.the blistering terrace .the muddy feet . abnormal hearing caught the distant. and the dancers must be starting in. Unwholesome recollections of things in the Necronomicon and the Black Book welled up.demoniac alienage? The roaring twilight abysses . Mazurewicz came home at six o’clock and said people at the mill were whispering that the Walpurgis revels would be held in the dark ravine beyond Meadow Hill where the old white stone stands in a place queerly devoid of all plant-life.the tales and fears of the superstitious foreigners .a stealthy. but he recognized them none the less.old Keziah .

The crone now motioned him to hold the bowl in a certain position while she raised the huge. he reached far forward and took it in both hands. On the table lay a small white figure . and the light metal bowl shook in his grasp. furry thing began tittering a continuation of the unknown ritual. bearded little face in the rat-hole . In an instant he had edged up the slanting floor around the end of the table and wrenched the knife from the old woman’s claws. The fanged. and he felt himself helpless in the formless grasp of the iridescent bubble-congeries. ultimate space-time seethings which lie behind the massed spheres of matter and sometimes break forth in measured reverberations that penetrate faintly to every layer of entity and give hideous significance throughout the worlds to certain dreaded periods.and unable to control his own emotions. At the same moment the disgusting form of Brown Jenkin scrambled up over the brink of the triangular black gulf on his left. the queer objects.the monstrons burst of Walpurgis-rhythm in whose cosmic timbre would be concentrated all the primal.and heard the faint fumbling at the door. the low cases of ancient books. grotesque knife above the small white victim as high as her right hand could reach. Gilman felt a gnawing poignant abhorrence shoot through his mental and emotional paralysis. violet-litten peaked space with the slanting floor. and he dropped the bowl with a resounding bell-like clangour while his hands darted out frantically to stop the monstrous deed. and the triangular gulf at one side.he saw the fanged. mocking resemblance to old Keziah’s . grotesquehafted knife in her right hand.while on the other side stood the monstrous. The screaming twilight abysses flashed before him. unclothed and unconscious . while the witch croaked loathsome responses.an infant boy. But all this vanished in a second. the bench and table. sending it clattering over the 142 . and a queerly proportioned pale metal bowl covered with curiously chased designs and having delicate lateral handles in her left. He was again in the cramped. kaleidoscopic polyhedron and all through the churning void there was a heightening and acceleration of the vague tonal pattern which seemed to foreshadow some unutterable and unendurable climax.the accursed little face which he at last realized bore such a shocking. A second later the downward motion of the knife broke the spell conpletely. As the scene grew clearer he saw the ancient crone bend forward and extend the empty bowl across the table . noticing as he did so its comparative lightness. She was intoning some croaking ritual in a language which Gilman could not understand. He seemed to know what was coming . Ahead raced the small. but which seemed like something guardedly quoted in the Necronomicon. leering old woman with a gleaming.

Her strength was altogether superhuman. Even now he could detect a 143 . Before she saw what he was doing he had the chain of the crucifix twisted about her neck. Besides. and he believed his subconscious mind held the angles which he needed to guide him back to the normal world alone and unaided for the first time. With one savage kick he sent the morbidity over the edge of the gulf and heard it whimper on some level far below. while the wrinkled face was twisted with insane fury. He felt the chain of the cheap crucifix grinding into his neck. and his own hands reached out for the creature’s throat. What he had prevented the knife from doing to the victim’s chest. This time he resolved to reply in kind.and the bowl so lately on the floor stood full beside the small lifeless body. Then. matters were reversed. Whether he had killed the ancient crone he did not know.brink of the narrow triangular gulf. At sight of the device the witch seemed struck with panic. and his efforts had been in vain. and would have dragged the beldame over the edge of the gulf had not the claws received a fresh access of strength and closed in again. In his dream-delirium Gilman heard the hellish alien-rhythmed chant of the Sabbat coming from an infinite distance. During her last struggle he felt something bite at his ankle. and saw that Brown Jenkin had come to her aid. and her grip relaxed long enough to give Gilman a chance to break it entirely. however. and at last he would have to hear that hithertoveiled cosmic pulsing which he so mortally dreaded. tough of sinew and with four tiny hands of demoniac dexterity. Confused memories mixed themselves with his mathematics. and a moment later he had tightened it enough to cut off her breath. for the Walpurgisrhythm would be vibrating. he saw on the table a sight which nearly snapped the last thread of his reason. but as she continued her choking he reached feebly in his shirt and drew out the metal symbol. would not an escape from a dream-loft bring him merely into a dreamhouse . In another instant. He pulled the steel-like claws from his neck. the yellow fangs of the furry blasphemy had done to a wrist . but whether he could ever escape through the slanting floor or the long-stooped egress he doubted greatly. as he turned away.an abnormal projection of the actual place he sought? He was wholly bewildered as to the relation betwixt dream and reality in all his experiences. and in his peril wondered how the sight of the object itself would affect the evil creature. The passage through the vague abysses would be frightful. snapping the chain and pulling it free. He felt sure he was in the immemorially sealed loft above his own room. for those murderous claws had locked themselves tightly around his own throat. had been busy while the witch was throttling him. and knew the black man must be there. but he let her rest on the floor where she had fallen. Brown Jenkin.

but seemed largely unconscious. and he crossed himself frantically when the squealing and whimpering of a rat sounded from beyond the slanting partition. Mazurewicz seemed half dazed because of a “sign” he said he had had in response to his prayers. Gilman wondered. At Sabbat-time it always mounted and reached through to the worlds to summon the initiate to nameless rites.was now stone-deaf. Joe Mazurewicz . The witch . whether he could trust his instincts to take him back to the right part of space. He was alive.that must have meant her death. on the tessellated terrace above the city of tentacled monsters somewhere beyond the galaxy or in the spiral black vortices of that ultimate void of Chaos where reigns the mindless demon-sultan Azathoth? Just before he made the plunge the violet light went out and left him in utter blackness. monstrous shaking whose tempo he suspected all too well. afraid even to speculate what new form his friend’s sleep-walking had taken. too. and had even wakened the soundly sleeping Elwood in his chair. summoned again in haste. and at its very start brought out a fresh and disconcerting fact. as if by the impact of some stupendous sound 144 . and with open.low. It was a painful process. Half the chants of the Sabbat were patterned on this faintly overheard pulsing which no earthly ear could endure in its unveiled spatial fulness. On his throat were the marks of murderous hands.and he gave Gilman two hypodermic injections which caused him to relax in something like natural drowsiness. staring eyes. His clothing was badly rumpled and Joe’s crucifix was missing. for the terrible cry had brought Desrochers and Choynski and Dombrowski and Mazurewicz at once.whose ears had so lately possessed an abnormal sensitiveness . Elwood trembled. And mixed with the distant chant of the Sabbat and the whimpers of Brown Jenkin in the gulf below he thought he heard another and wilder whine from unknown depths.old Keziah .worlds of sardonic actuality impinging on vortices of febrile dream .Iä! Shub-Niggurath! The Goat with a Thousand Young… They found Gilman on the floor of his queerly-angled old garret room long before dawn. During the day the patient regained consciousness at times and whispered his newest dream disjointedly to Elwood.Nahab .a local practitioner who would repeat no tales where they might prove embarrassing .the prayers against the Crawling Chaos now turning to an inexplicably triumphant shriek . How could he be sure he would not land on that green-litten hillside of a far planet. and on his left ankle was a distressing rat-bite. told Elwood that both ear-drums were ruptured. Gilman . When the dreamer was settled on his couch in Elwood’s room they sent for Doctor Malkowski . Doctor Malkowski.

though. Everybody shrieked when a large rat-like form suddenly jumped out from beneath the ensanguined bedclothes and scuttled across the floor to a fresh. and the top-floor lodger were all crowding into the doorway. He was writhing under the bedclothes. The occupant was emitting sounds of veritably inhuman nature. Neither knew what to make of the whole chaotic business. There had been virtually a tunnel through his body . Both. long after both he and Gilman had retired.something had eaten his heart out. as if racked by some torment beyond description. How such a sound could have been heard in the last few hours without arousing all the Miskatonic Valley was more than the honest physician could say.poisoning efforts. The worst thing for a while was keeping Joe Mazurewicz quiet. frantic at the failure of his rat. but paid little attention to them. He had thought he heard rats in the partition all the evening. Dombrowski. Evening papers spoke of a police raid on some curious revellers in a ravine beyond Meadow Hill just before dawn. Elwood jumped up. 145 .intense beyond all human conception or endurance. In another column it was stated that no trace of the missing child Ladislas Wolejko had been found. agreed that they must leave this ancient and accursed house as soon as it could be arranged. Elwood will never forget it. Mazurewicz. and a great stain was beginning to appear on the blankets. and decided it would be better if they thought as little as possible about it. The crowning horror came that very night. but among the scattering fugitives had been glimpsed a huge negro. When the doctor arrived and began to pull down those frightful covers Walter Gilman was dead.long superstitious regard. open hole close by. for the brooding loom-fixer would never stay sober. By this time Dombrowski. turned on the lights and rushed over to his guest’s couch. so that a fairly easy communication was maintained. Elwood wrote his part of the colloquy on paper. Choynski. Desrochers. It would be barbarous to do more than suggest what had killed Gilman. the atrocious shrieking began. and mentioned that the white stone there was an object of age. cast aside all thought of his lease and within a week had moved with all his older lodgers to a dingy but less ancient house in Walnut Street. and was constantly whining and muttering about spectral and terrible things. and the landlord had sent his wife back to telephone for Doctor Malkowaki. but gradually the screaming and writhing subsided. Then. Elwood scarcely dared to touch him. Nobody had been caught. and was forced to stay out of college the rest of the term because of the resulting nervous breakdown.

It is rather fortunate that Elwood was not in Arkham in that later year when certain events abruptly renewed the local whispers about elder horrors. moss-grown shingles. The house was never rented again. and it was when 146 . for people shunned it both on account of its old reputation and because of the new foetid odour. for not long after his departure the place became a neighbourhood nuisance. They decided. Of course he heard about the matter afterward and suffered untold torments of black and bewildered speculation.but the foetor none the less formed an additional count against the place. so that a chaos of crumbling bricks. There Mazurewicz had found something monstrous . for the foetor would soon be over. He found the spectral gossip of the town much disminished. whose thoughts on the entire episode are sometimes almost maddening. The neighbours acquiesced in the inertia . came back to college the next autumn and was graduated in the following June. 1931.notwithstanding certain reports of a ghostly tittering in the deserted house which lasted almost as long as that edifice itself . In March. and the locality was not one which encouraged fastidious standards. Toward the last the house was condemned as a habitation by the building inspector. Gilman’s dreams and their attendant circumstances have never been explained. but no one took the trouble to touch the mess before the inevitable razing of the decrepit structure. and it is indeed a fact that .no fresh appearances either of Old Keziah or of Brown Jenkin have been muttered of since Gilman’s death. there were always vague local tales of unexplained stenches upstairs in the Witch-House just after May-Eve and Hallowmass.It seems that on that last hideous night Joe had stooped to look at the crimson rat-tracks which led from Gilman’s couch to the near-by hole. and rotting planks and timbers crashed down into the loft and broke through the floor beneath. On the carpet they were very indistinct. Indeed. Health officials traced the smell to the closed spaces above and beside the eastern garret room. but a piece of open flooring intervened between the carpet’s edge and the baseboard. that it was not worth their while to hew open and disinfect the long-sealed spaces. for no one else could quite agree with him despite the undeniable queerness of the prints. Perhaps the ex-landlord’s rat-poison had worked after all. The whole attic storey was choked with debris from above. That ultimate step came in the following December.or thought he had. and agreed that the number of dead rats must be enormous. The tracks on the flooring were certainly vastly unlike the average prints of a rat but even Choynski and Desrochers would not admit that they were like the prints of four tiny human hands. Elwood. but even that was not as bad as actual nearness and several possible sights would have been. As soon as Dombrowski left it the pall of its final desolation began to descend. a gale wrecked the roof and great chimney of the vacant WitchHouse. however. blackened.

147 . archaic writing found on a wide range of papers whose conditions and watermarks suggest age differences of at least one hundred and fifty to two hundred years. apprehensive workmen that the gossip began.Gilman’s old room was cleared out by reluctant. and the evidently recent date of certain items is still a mystery as unsolved as that of the modern human bones. There were bones . save that it is large.found scattered amidst the wreckage in evidently diverse states of injury. types of workmanship. Among the rubbish which had crashed through the ancient slanting ceiling were several things which made the workmen pause and call in the police. bent female of advanced years. Some believe this crucifix was dragged up to the sealed loft by rats. while certain others found mixed with shreds of rotten brownish cloth . including Joe himself. while others think it must have been on the floor in some corner of Gilman’s old room at the time. Still others. without exception. together with a yellowish dust left from the total disintegration of still older books and papers. had supposedly been sealed from all human access. the low. Other objects found included the mangled fragments of many books and papers. the greatest mystery of all is the variety of utterly inexplicable objects objects whose shapes.which excited several Miskatonie professors profoundly is a badly damaged monstrosity plainly resembling the strange image which Gilman gave to the college museum. Later the police in turn called in the coroner and several professors from the university.belonged to a rather undersized. materials.whose manifestly modern date conflicted puzzlingly with the remote period at which their only possible lurking place. though. An even greater mystery is the absolute homogeneity of the crabbed. One of these things . appeared to deal with black magic in its most advanced and horrible forms. To some. Foreigners and credulous grandmothers are equally garrulous about the modern nickel crucifix with broken chain mixed in the rubbish and shiveringly identified by Joe Maturewicz as that which he had given poor Gilman many years before.badly crushed and splintered. All. but clearly recognizable as human . and possessed of a singularly angled pedestal with undecipherable hieroglyphics. wrought of some peculiar bluish stone instead of metal. as well as older ratbones gnawed by small fangs in a fashion now and then highly productive of controversy and reflection. The coroner’s physician decided that some belonged to a small child. Archaeologists and anthropologists are still trying to explain the bizarre designs chased on a crushed bowl of light metal whose inner side bore ominous brownish stains when found. and purposes baffle all conjecture . Careful sifting of debris also disclosed many tiny bones of rats caught in the collapse. slant-floored loft overhead. have theories too wild and fantastic for sober credence.

The bones of the tiny paws. Very little concerning this skeleton has leaked out. This object was the partly crushed skeleton of a huge diseased rat. The workmen crossed themselves in fright when they came upon this blasphemy. whose abnormalities of form are still a topic of debate and source of singular reticence among the members of Miskatonic’s department of comparative anatomy. and grotesque. was an object destined to cause more bafflement.When the slanting wall of Gilman’s room was torn out. 148 . obvious antiquity. the once-sealed triangular space between that partition and the house’s north wall was found to contain much less structural debris. wedged between a fallen plank and a cluster of cemented bricks from the ruined chimney. but others extending back in infinite gradations to a period so remote that crumbling was almost complete. even in proportion to its size. monstrously degraded parody of a human skull. and openly superstitious talk in Arkham than anything else discovered in the haunted and accursed building. imply prehensile characteristics more typical of a diminutive monkey than of a rat. it is rumoured. and exotic design . ornate. brownish hairs with which it was associated. though it had a ghastly layer of older materials which paralyzed the wreckers with horror. In brief. ghostly tittering they felt they would never hear again. veiled fright. but later burned candles of gratitude in St. while the small skull with its savage yellow fangs is of the utmost anomalousness. the floor was a veritable ossuary of the bones of small children . appearing from certain angles like a miniature.some fairly modern. than the room itself. On this deep bony layer rested a knife of great size.above which the debris was piled. Stanislaus’ Church because of the shrill. but the workmen who found it whisper in shocked tones about the long. In the midst of this debris.

but more lovely and radiant as well. and undying roses. and wonder how I might seize them for my eternal dwelling-place. Many times I walked through that valley.Ex Oblivione Written 1920 Published March 1921 in The United Amateur. as the days of waking became less and less bearable from their greyness and sameness. there would be no return. I felt that beyond it lay a dream-country from which. Once when the wind was soft and scented I heard the south calling. once it was entered. and longer and longer would I pause in the spectral half-light where the giant trees squirmed and twisted grotesquely. So each night in sleep I strove to find the hidden latch of the gate in the ivied antique wall. and ended in a mighty wall green with antique vines. And alway the goal of my fancies was the mighty vine-grown wall with the little gate of bronze therein. so that I need no more crawl back to a dull world stript of interest and new colours. p. 20. and sailed endlessly and languorously under strange stars. I would often drift in opiate peace through the valley and the shadowy groves. And I would tell myself that the realm beyond the wall was not more lasting merely. some times disclosing the mould-stained stones of buried temples. and the grey ground stretched damply from trunk to trunk. and wandered through old gardens and enchanted woods. After a while. 149 . and pierced by a little gate of bronze. iridescent arbours. Vol. No. In my dreams I found a little of the beauty I had vainly sought in life. Once when the gentle rain fell I glided in a barge down a sunless stream under the earth till I reached another world of purple twilight. 4. and the ugly trifles of existence began to drive me to madness like the small drops of water that torturers let fall ceaselessly upon one spot of their victims body. 59-60. though it was exceedingly well hidden. I loved the irradiate refuge of sleep. And once I walked through a golden valley that led to shadowy groves and ruins. And as I looked upon the little gate in the mighty wall. When the last days were upon me.

and I therefore read long in the yellowed papyrus. Some of the dream-sages wrote gorgeously of the wonders beyond the irrepassable gate. but only the white void of unpeopled and illimitable space. I saw that the small gate of bronze was ajar. From beyond came a glow that weirdly lit the giant twisted trees and the tops of the buried temples. expectant of the glories of the land from whence I should never return.Then one night in the dream-city of Zakarion I found a yellowed papyrus filled with the thoughts of dream-sages who dwelt of old in that city. I knew that it touched on the scenes I had haunted. for doubt and secrecy are the lure of lures. yet longed more and more to cross for ever into the unknown land. and when I came this time to the antique wall. and I drifted on songfully. happier than I had ever dared hope to be. 150 . I knew not which to believe. I resolved to take it when next I awaked. But as the gate swung wider and the sorcery of the drug and the dream pushed me through. and no new horror can be more terrible than the daily torture of the commonplace. So when I learned of the drug which would unlock the gate and drive me through. and who were too wise ever to be born in the waking world. and a high wall pierced by a little bronze gate. So. and among them was lore of a golden valley and a sacred grove with temples. When I saw this lore. but others told of horror and disappointment. I knew that all sights and glories were at an end. Last night I swallowed the drug and floated dreamily into the golden valley and the shadowy groves. for in that new realm was neither land nor sea. I dissolved again into that native infinity of crystal oblivion from which the daemon Life had called me for one brief and desolate hour. Therein were written many things concerning the world of dream.

and had written eruditely of its tribes. Indeed. p. Sir Robert Jermyn. though Arthur was the worst. and not his peculiar personal appearance. Science. was published. Some who knew him do not admit that he ever existed. which made him end his life. It was this object. for certain papers and a certain boxed object were found which made men wish to forget. and Arthur was the last of it. the madness began with Sir Wade. Observation on the Several Parts of Africa. and the old family portraits in Jermyn House showed fine faces enough before Sir Wade’s time. and from the background behind what we know of it peer daemoniacal hints of truth which make it sometimes a thousandfold more hideous. for his greatgrandfather. Certainly. and supposed antiquities. and Arthur Jermyn soaked himself in oil and set fire to his clothing one night. Madness was in all the Jermyns. Many would have disliked to live if possessed of the peculiar features of Arthur Jermyn. The Jermyns never seemed to look quite right–something was amiss. one can not say what he would have done when the object came.. animals. If he had not been. No. will perhaps be the ultimate exterminator of our human species–if separate species we be–for its reserve of unguessed horrors could never be borne by mortal brains if loosed upon the world. whilst his great-great-great-grandfather. and people were glad there were not many of them. whose wild stories of Africa were at once the delight and terror of his few 151 . old Sir Wade had possessed an intellectual zeal amounting almost to a mania. The line put forth no branches. Learning was in his blood. I Life is a hideous thing. but he had been a poet and scholar and had not minded. If we knew what we are. already oppressive with its shocking revelations. 3-11. In 1765 this fearless explorer had been placed in a madhouse at Huntingdon. 9. Sir Wade Jermyn. No one placed the charred fragments in an urn or set a memorial to him who had been. we should do as Sir Arthur Jermyn did. Bt. had been an anthropologist of note. Arthur Jermyn went out on the moor and burned himself after seeing the boxed object which had come from Africa. his bizarre conjectures on a prehistoric white Congolese civilisation earning him much ridicule when his book. was one of the earliest explorers of the Congo region.Facts Concerning the Late Arthur Jermyn and His Family Written 1920 Published March 1921 in The Wolverine.

had accompanied him back from the second and longest of his trips. he was densely stupid and given to brief periods of uncontrollable violence. The Knight’s Head had been his headquarters. after the death of Lady Jermyn. Ever since his son had commenced to grow out of infancy. never returning. he had liked his home less and less. Sir Wade was. The latter. Especially was it unwise to rave of the living things that might haunt such a place. things that might have sprung up after the great apes had overrun the dying city with the walls and the pillars. and when he was confined he expressed some vague gratitude as if for protection. especially when in his cups. for when he returned to Africa he would permit no one to care for his young son save a loathsome black woman from Guinea. indeed. a person said to be of gypsy 152 . of the gigantic walls and pillars of a forgotten city. Three years later he died. and of damp. and appeared strikingly in the Oriental seclusion in which he kept his wife. silent. which were not such as a normal man would accumulate and preserve. not even the servants. the vaults and the weird carvings. and was waited on by her husband alone. was the daughter of a Portuguese trader whom he had met in Africa. And finally he had spoken of the living things in such a manner that he was taken to the madhouse. and was of incredible agility. with an infant son born in Africa. In frame he was small. boasting of what he had found in the jungle and of how he had dwelt among terrible ruins known only to him. But it was the talk of Sir Wade. Upon coming back. his appearance and conduct were in many particulars so coarse that he was universally shunned. he had said. stone steps leading interminably down into the darkness of abysmal treasure-vaults and inconceivable catacombs. No one had ever seen her closely. but intensely powerful. for his mind moved curiously. During her brief stay at Jermyn House she occupied a remote wing. he himself assumed complete care of the boy. He had shown little regret when shut into the barred room at Huntingdon. of creatures half of the jungle and half of the impiously aged city–fabulous creatures which even a Pliny might describe with scepticism. which chiefly led his friends to deem him mad. Wade Jermyn’s son Philip was a highly peculiar person. mostly after his third glass at the Knight’s Head. She. and did not like English ways. and had gone with him on the third and last. Though he did not inherit the madness which was feared by some. Twelve years after succeeding to his title he married the daughter of his gamekeeper. crumbling and vine-grown. In a rational age like the eighteenth century it was unwise for a man of learning to talk about wild sights and strange scenes under a Congo moon. It showed in his collection of trophies and specimens. Despite a strong physical resemblance to his father.friends. till at last he had seemed to dread it. Yet after he came home for the last time Sir Wade would speak of such matters with a shudderingly uncanny zest. most peculiar in his solicitude for his family. for her disposition had been violent and singular.

1852. who was one day to be the father of Arthur Jermyn. a singularly repellent person who seemed to combine the surliness of Philip Jermyn with the hauteur of the Brightholmes. On October 19. since a hideous series of tragedies suddenly burst into being. A certain consistency in the strange papers of his ancestor suggested that the madman’s imagination might have been stimulated by native myths. hoping in some way to account for Sir Wade’s wild tales of a lost city peopled by strange hybrid creatures. with a sort of weird Eastern grace despite certain slight oddities of proportion. ran away with a vulgar dancer. believing that certain legends of a gray city of white apes ruled by a white god might prove valuable to the ethnologist. Tall and fairly handsome. but before his son was born joined the navy as a common sailor. He came back to Jermyn House a widower with an infant son. In his conversation he probably supplied many additional details. Nevil Jermyn died in the successful defence of his own two-year-old son. It was he who first studied scientifically the vast collection of relics which his mad grandfather had brought from Africa. In 1815 Sir Robert married a daughter of the seventh Viscount Brightholme and was subsequently blessed with three children. Friends said that it was this series of griefs which unhinged the mind of Sir Robert Jermyn. After the close of the American war he was heard of as sailor on a merchantman in the African trade. and before he could be restrained.extraction. and who made the family name as celebrated in ethnology as in exploration. and the son who had run away. yet it was probably merely a bit of African folklore which caused the disaster. completing the general disgust which his habits and misalliance had begun. had put an end to all three of his children. and made two long expeditions in the interior of Africa. but finally disappearing one night as his ship lay off the Congo coast. the explorer Samuel Seaton called at Jermyn House with a manuscript of notes collected among the Ongas. but was pardoned upon his return in the following year. the eldest and youngest of whom were never publicly seen on account of deformities in mind and body. Sir Robert himself. Saddened by these family misfortunes. Nevil. the two who were never seen. the scientist sought relief in work. died of apoplexy in the second year of his confinement. The elderly scholar had been collecting legends of the Onga tribes near the field of his grandfather’s and his own explorations. the nature of which will never be known. Robert Jermyn began life as a scholar and investigator. who had apparently been included in the old man’s madly murderous scheme. In 1849 his second son. after repeated attempts at suicide and a stubborn refusal to utter an articulate sound. Alfred. having a kind of reputation for feats of strength and climbing. In the son of Sir Philip Jermyn the now accepted family peculiarity took a strange and fatal turn. 153 . When Sir Robert Jermyn emerged from his library he left behind the strangled corpse of the explorer.

but most persons merely sneered at his sensitiveness to beauty. One morning in Chicago. a surprisingly tractable beast of much popularity with the performers. Gifted and learned. and on many occasions the two would eye each other for long periods through the intervening bars. When the husband and father deserted his family. It is hard to say just what he resembled. but not for long. and the length of his arms gave a thrill of repulsion to those who met him for the first time. The poetic delicacy of Arthur Jermyn was the more remarkable because of his uncouth personal appearance. but his tastes never matched his title. and bite fiendishly at its hairy throat. the former delivered a blow of more than the usual force. At twenty he had joined a band of music-hall performers. astonishing audiences and fellow performers alike with his success. and saw to it that her son received the best education which limited money could provide. Most of the Jermyns had possessed a subtly odd and repellent cast. and before anything could be done by the regular trainer. who was socially unrecognised. Though of poetic rather than scientific 154 . as the gorilla and Alfred Jermyn were rehearsing an exceedingly clever boxing match. but his expression.Sir Alfred Jermyn was a baronet before his fourth birthday. They did not expect to hear Sir Alfred Jermyn emit a shrill. members of “The Greatest Show On Earth” do not like to speak. Eventually Jermyn asked and obtained permission to train the animal. inhuman scream. or to see him seize his clumsy antagonist with both hands. The family resources were now sadly slender. his facial angle. II Arthur Jermyn was the son of Sir Alfred Jermyn and a music-hall singer of unknown origin. he took highest honours at Oxford and seemed likely to redeem the intellectual fame of his family. for he was a poet and a dreamer. The gorilla was off its guard. His end was very revolting. She was not without notions of what a nobleman’s dignity should be. Of what followed. dash it to the floor of the cage. but Arthur’s case was very striking. It was the mind and character of Arthur Jermyn which atoned for his aspect. He was not like any other Jermyn who had ever lived. the body which had belonged to a baronet was past recognition. and Jermyn House had fallen into woeful disrepair. Some of the neighbouring families who had heard tales of old Sir Wade Jermyn’s unseen Portuguese wife declared that her Latin blood must be showing itself. the mother took the child to Jermyn House. hurting both the body and the dignity of the amateur trainer. where there was none left to object to her presence. attributing it to his music-hall mother. Among the animals in the exhibition with which he travelled was a huge bull gorilla of lighter colour than the average. and at thirty-six had deserted his wife and child to travel with an itinerant American circus. but young Arthur loved the old edifice and all its contents. With this gorilla Alfred Jermyn was singularly fascinated.

A second story told of a god’s return and death at the feet of his enshrined wife. Mwanu had no idea. grown to manhood–or apehood or godhood. This tribe. all three went away. utilising the truly wonderful though strange collection of Sir Wade. The legend here seemed to present three variants. For a long time they had reigned over the city together. Later the god and princess had returned. the white apegoddess which the strange beings worshipped. In 1911. after the death of his mother. Selling a portion of his estate to obtain the requisite money. and which was held by Congo tradition to be the form of one who had reigned as a princess among these beings. A third told of the return of the son. became the consort of a great white god who had come out of the West. the gray city and the hybrid creatures were no more. but a singular degree of intelligence and interest in old legends. where it was worshipped. after destroying most of the edifices and killing the live beings. finding data beyond the highest of his expectations. Arranging with the Belgian authorities for a party of guides. had carried off the stuffed goddess which had been the object of their quest. who possessed not only a highly retentive memory. Just what the white apelike creatures could have been. nothing further happened save that the stuffed goddess became a symbol of supremacy for whatever tribe might possess it. and would weave tale after tale about the silent jungle city mentioned in the latter’s wilder notes and paragraphs. and seeking to obtain light among the more recent data gleaned by his great-grandfather and Samuel Seaton amongst the Ongas. Jermyn could form no conjecture. unsuspected race of jungle hybrids he had a peculiar feeling of mingled terror and attraction. For the nebulous utterances concerning a nameless. With his fanciful mind he thought often of the prehistoric civilisation in which the mad explorer had so implicitly believed. he outfitted an expedition and sailed for the Congo. It was for this reason that the N’bangus carried it off. According to Mwanu. as the case might be–yet 155 . According to one story. This ancient confirmed every tale which Jermyn had heard. but he thought they were the builders of the ruined city. he planned to continue the work of his forefathers in African ethnology and antiquities. but when they had a son. Among the Kaliris was an aged chief called Mwanu. he spent a year in the Onga and Kahn country. The ape-princess. it was said. Sir Arthur Jermyn determined to pursue his investigations to the utmost extent.temperament. having been annihilated by the warlike N’bangus many years ago. Then he departed alone. and upon the death of the princess her divine husband had mummified the body and enshrined it in a vast house of stone. adding his own account of the stone city and the white apes as it had been told to him. but by close questioning obtained a very picturesque legend of the stuffed goddess. speculating on the possible basis of such a fancy.

the wildest which he had ever heard. Verhaeren. Verhaeren. The white apes and the stuffed goddess were discussed with all the native chiefs of the region. He began to feel closely akin to Sir Wade. a thing which such a man would not be likely to forgive. In June. the Belgian averred. Verhaeren. of which he had vaguely heard. Jermyn wondered what circumstance had prompted or permitted such an effacement. telling of the finding of the stuffed goddess. Its size must have been exaggerated. but no tangible relic of her stay at Jermyn House remained. he recalled. believed that he could not only locate but obtain the stuffed goddess. Oral accounts of the mysterious and secluded wife had been numerous. meanwhile studying with increased diligence the manuscripts left by his mad ancestor. and decided that the husband’s insanity was the prime cause. Unfortunately no carvings could be found. M. and with but little persuasion could be induced to part with the gruesome deity they had carried off. Of the reality of the jungle city described by old Sir Wade. therefore. She had died in Africa. and was hardly astonished when early in 1912 he came upon what was left of it. Surely the imaginative blacks had made the most of whatever events might lie behind the extravagant legendry. and the process of determination would 156 . a letter arrived from M.unconscious of his identity. But as Jermyn indulged in these reflections he could not but smile at their futility. and to seek relics of the latter’s personal life in England as well as of his African exploits. an object quite beyond the power of a layman to classify. since the once mighty N’bangus were now the submissive servants of King Albert’s government. No doubt her practical heritage and superficial knowledge of the Dark Continent had caused her to flout Sir Wade’s tales of the interior. His great-great-great-grandmother. When Jermyn sailed for England. a century and a half after the death of both his strange progenitors. Belgian agent at a trading-post on the Congo. was said to have been the daughter of a Portuguese trader in Africa. 1913. It was. Arthur Jermyn had no further doubt. Arthur Jermyn waited very patiently for the expected box from M. perhaps dragged thither by a husband determined to prove what he had told. Countrymen near Jermyn House had perhaps heard wilder tales handed down from ancestors who had listened to Sir Wade around the tables of the Knight’s Head. a most extraordinary object. and the small size of the expedition prevented operations toward clearing the one visible passageway that seemed to lead down into the system of vaults which Sir Wade had mentioned. it was with the exultant probability that he would within a few months receive a priceless ethnological relic confirming the wildest of his great-great-great-grandfather’s narratives–that is. yet the stones lying about proved that it was no mere Negro village. but it remained for a European to improve on the data offered by old Mwanu. Whether it was human or simian only a scientist could determine.

but two salient particulars must be told. A smell of oil was all that came up from the regions below. What ensued can best be gathered from the tales of servants and from things and papers later examined. According to this trustworthy man. Immediately afterward Jermyn emerged from the room. for they fit in revoltingly with certain notes of Sir Wade Jermyn’s African 157 . Then. and watched at the head of the stairs. rushing frantically toward the front of the house as if pursued by some hideous enemy. Verhaeren suggested a whimsical comparison. is most ample and coherent. Around the creature’s neck had been found a golden chain bearing an empty locket on which were armorial designs. or rather. but their master did not return. Nothing was heard for some time. and a pillar of human fire reached to the heavens. Detailed description would be rather unpleasant. The reason why Arthur Jermyn’s charred fragments were not collected and buried lies in what was found afterward. no doubt some hapless traveller’s keepsake. Of the various tales. The house of Jermyn no longer existed. but it was clearly a mummified white ape of some unknown species. taken by the N’bangus and hung upon the goddess as a charm. The stuffed goddess was a nauseous sight. steal furtively out and vanish on the black moor surrounding the house. though the instant sound of hammer and chisel showed that he did not delay the operation. principally the thing in the box. When near the front door he seemed to think of something. being conveyed immediately to the large chamber which housed the collection of African specimens as arranged by Sir Robert and Arthur. less hairy than any recorded variety. glistening from head to foot with oil and redolent of that fluid. a face ghastly enough in repose. undoubtedly in Jermyn’s voice. In commenting on the contour of the mummy’s face. The boxed object was delivered at Jermyn House on the afternoon of August 3. would arrive duly packed about a month after receipt of the letter. Time and the Congo climate are not kind to mummies. in an exaltation of supreme horror. he wrote. A spark appeared on the moor. but was too much interested scientifically to waste many words in levity. the family butler. but it was certainly less than a quarter of an hour later that the horrible scream. especially when their preparation is as amateurish as seemed to be the case here. was heard. The servants were utterly dumbfounded. a flame arose. The stuffed goddess. just how long Soames cannot exactly estimate. The expression on his face. After dark a rattling was heard at the door leading from the cellar into the courtyard. that of aged Soames. everyone saw the end. Sir Arthur Jermyn dismissed everyone from the room before opening the box. and turned back in his flight. was beyond description. withered and eaten away. and infinitely nearer mankind–quite shockingly so. finally disappearing down the stairs to the cellar. M. 1913. and a stable-boy saw Arthur Jermyn.be greatly hampered by its imperfect condition. expressed a humorous wonder just how it would strike his corespondent.

158 . Members of the Royal Anthropological Institute burned the thing and threw the locket into a well. and the jocose suggestion of M. great-great-great-grandson of Sir Wade Jermyn and an unknown wife. and some of them do not admit that Arthur Jermyn ever existed. The two particulars in question are these: the arms on the golden locket about the creature’s neck were the Jermyn arms. ghastly. Verhaeren about certain resemblance as connected with the shrivelled face applied with vivid.expeditions and with the Congolese legends of the white god and the apeprincess. and unnatural horror to none other than the sensitive Arthur Jermyn.

I had indeed warned him ten weeks before. but I had not thought that a brief period of ten weeks could so alter and disfigure any human creature. or different range of senses might not only see very 159 . lonely house set back from Benevolent Street. 1. a bushiness of dark hair white at the roots. and uncannily glowing.” he had said. Crawford Tillinghast. but now I knew. 147-51. and our notions of surrounding objects infinitely narrow. 160. two months and a half before. the cumulative effect is quite shocking. We see things only as we are constructed to see them. “What do we know. “of the world and the universe about us? Our means of receiving impressions are absurdly few. But such was the aspect of Crawford Tilllinghast on the night his half coherent message brought me to his door after my weeks of exile. He had been flushed and excited then. when he told me toward what goal his physical and metaphysical researches were leading. It is not pleasant to see a stout man suddenly grown thin. if he fail in his quest. and it is even worse when the baggy skin becomes yellowed or grayed. talking in a high and unnatural. 10. the forehead veined and corrugated. I had not seen him since that day. when he had answered my awed and almost frightened remonstrances by driving me from his laboratory and his house in a burst of fanatical rage. a wild disorder of dress. eating little and excluding even the servants. and an unchecked growth of white beard on a face once clean-shaven. And if added to this there be a repellent unkemptness. and terrors unutterable and unimaginable if he succeed. candle in hand. that he was the prey of success. solitary and melancholy. with nauseating fears of my own. circled. and can gain no idea of their absolute nature. the eyes sunken. Horrible beyond conception was the change which had taken place in my best friend. I had known that he now remained mostly shut in the attic laboratory with that accursed electrical machine. That Crawford Tilinghast should ever have studied science and philosophy was a mistake. despair. such was the specter that trembled as it admitted me. These things should be left to the frigid and impersonal investigator for they offer two equally tragic alternatives to the man of feeling and action. stronger. and the hands tremulous and twitching. No.From Beyond Written 1920 Published June 1934 in The Fantasy Fan. voice. when he burst forth with his tale of what he felt himself about to discover. though always pedantic. With five feeble senses we pretend to comprehend the boundlessly complex cosmos. yet other beings with wider. Tillinghast had once been the prey of failure. and glanced furtively over its shoulder as if fearful of unseen things in the ancient.

differently the things we see. I could not doubt. Yet I soon subordinated all my fears to my growing curiosity and fascination. Before I had protested at his unnatural pryings into the unthinkable. I have always believed that such strange. and drove me from the house. It seemed strange that old Gregory. We shall overleap time. should desert his master without telling as tried a friend as I. energy. I am not joking. I wished the servants were about. Now he was no less a fanatic. It was he who had given me all the information I had of Tillinghast after I was repulsed in rage. but his desire to speak had conquered his resentment. and now I believe I have found a way to break dawn the barriers. and when I asked my guide he said it was for a definite reason. altered voice of my host. Just what Crawford Tillinghast now wished of me I could only guess. but might see and study whole worlds of matter. but he was a fanatic.” When Tillinghast said these things I remonstrated. “It would he too much… I would not dare. but seemed to be receiving no current. now that he had evidently succeeded to some degree I almost shared his spirit. As I entered the abode of the friend so suddenly metamorphosed to a shivering gargoyle. sinister violet luminosity. I became infected with the terror which seemed stalking in all the shadows. It was connected with a powerful chemical battery. inaccessible worlds exist at our very elbows.” he continued to mutter. and without bodily motion peer to the bottom of creation. We shall see that at which dogs howl in the dark. I especially noted his new habit of muttering. terrible though the cost of victory appeared. and he had written me imperatively in a hand I could scarcely recognize. glowing with a sickly. space. We shall see these things. and I sickened at the hollow. Within twenty-four hours that machine near the table will generate waves acting on unrecognized sense organs that exist in us as atrophied or rudimentary vestiges. for it was not like him to talk to himself. The electricity seemed to be turned off. We entered the laboratory in the attic. and dimensions. and that at which cats prick up their ears after midnight. The words and beliefs expressed ten weeks before seemed bodied forth in the darkness beyond the small circle of candle light. and I observed that detestable electrical machine. for I recalled that in its experimental stage it had sputtered and purred when in action. and other things which no breathing creature has yet seen. for I knew him well enough to be frightened rather than amused. Those waves will open up to us many vistas unknown to man and several unknown to anything we consider organic life. at least. Up through the dark emptiness of the house I followed the bobbing candle in the hand of this shaking parody on man. and life which lie close at hand yet can never be detected with the senses we have. In 160 . but that he had some stupendous secret or discovery to impart. and did not like it when he said they had all left three days previously.

absolute solitude in infinite. fellow-dupe and fellow-parvenu of the Freudian. and I felt a childish fear which prompted me to draw from my hip pocket the revolver I carried after dark since the night I was held up in East Providence. some vague edifice of innumerable black stone columns reaching up from a floor of damp slabs to a cloudy height beyond the range of my vision. During the interval that Tillinghast was long silent I fancied myself in some vast incredible temple of long-dead gods. You have heard of the pineal gland? I laugh at the shallow endocrinologist.” Here Trninghast seated himself directly opposite me. “Listen to me! The waves from that thing are waking a thousand sleeping senses in us. and terminated in a drone so soft as to suggest a return to silence. but held a quality of surpassing wildness 161 . Tillinghast had been watching me. that is the way you ought to get most of it… I mean get most of the evidence from beyond. and noted my puzzled expression. so that it was on my right. for they are closely connected with the dormant organs. That gland is the great sense organ of organs .I have found out.” I looked about the immense attic room with the sloping south wall. He now seated me near the machine.ears first. waned again. Then there will be others. and so it is .reply to my question Tillinghast mumbled that this permanent glow was not electrical in any sense that I could understand. If you are normal. subtly vibrant. and transmits visual pictures to the brain. Do you wonder how it will seem? I will tell you. senses which we inherit from aeons of evolution from the state of detached electrons to the state of organic humanity. that of utter.” He chuckled oddly at my surprise. “You thought ultra-violet was invisible. I have seen the truth. and unmistakably musical. “That is ultra-violet. outrè colour or blend of colours which I could neither place nor describe. sightless. soundless space. Meanwhile the luminosity increased. then assumed a pale. dimly lit by rays which the every day eye cannot see. The picture was very vivid for a while.but you can see that and many other invisible things now. turned to a whine. and turned a switch somewhere below the crowning cluster of glass bulbs. “Your existing sense-organs . The usual sputtering began. and I intend to show it to you. the sound softly glided into existence. “Do you know what that is?” he whispered. It is like sight in the end. The far corners were all shadows and the whole place took on a hazy unreality which obscured its nature and invited the imagination to symbolism and phantasm. and nothing more. It was infinitely faint. but gradually gave way to a more horrible conception. There seemed to a void. Then from the farthermost regions of remoteness. I think will pick up many of the impressions. blowing out his candle and staring hideously into my eyes.

At another time I felt the huge animate things brushing past me and occasionally walking or drifting through my supposedly solid body. penetrating the solid roof at a point ahead and to the right of me. Then I glimpsed the temple .” he cautioned. and in my terror my mind again opened to the impressions coming from what Tillinghast called “beyond. but from his expression I was sure he had seen and heard as much as I. if not a great deal more. I seemed for an instant to behold a patch of strange night sky filled with shining. Updike’s clothes were close to the front hall switch . this shape being the distorted face of Crawford Tillinghast. I saw the blurred outlines of the room. Remember we’re dealing with a hideous world in which we are practically helpless… Keep still!” The combined shock of the revelation and of the abrupt command gave me a kind of paralysis. I whispered what I had experienced and he bade me to remain as quiet and receptive as possible. Tillinghast was grinning repulsively at the revolver which I had almost unconsciously drawn. but from some point in space there seemed to be pouring a seething column of unrecognizable shapes or clouds. “for in these rays we are able to be seen as well as to see. I felt sensations like those one feels when accidentally scratching ground glass. Mrs. the glowing machines. I told you the servants left. which apparently swept past me from the direction of the distant sound. As I waited breathlessly I perceived that both sound and wind were increasing. It got them all. and thought I saw Tillinghast look at them as though his better trained senses could catch 162 .like effect again.she turned on the lights downstairs after I had warned her not to. and in the jumble of sights. which sent down one blinding beam along the path of the cloudy column I had seen before. It was that thick-witted house-keeper . “Don’t move.that’s how I know she did it. Simultaneously there developed something like a cold draught. I saw only the man. But so long as we don’t move we’re fairly safe. the effect being to give me an odd notion of myself as tied to a pair of rails in the path of a gigantic approaching locomotive. and later it was rather awful to find those empty heaps of clothes around the house.I could hear the screams up here in spite of all I was seeing and hearing from another direction.” I was now in a vortex of sound and motion. but I didn’t tell you how. revolving spheres. with confused pictures before my eyes. sounds.which made its impact feel like a delicate torture of my whole body. I began to speak to Tillinghast. and the wires picked up sympathetic vibrations. but this time the pillars reached up into an aerial ocean of light. It must have been frightful . and as I did so all the unusual impressions abruptly vanished. and unidentified sense-impressions I felt that I was about to dissolve or in some way lose the solid form. and the dim apartment. One definite flash I shall always remember. and as it receded I saw that the glowing suns formed a constellation or galaxy of settled shape. After that the scene was almost wholly kaleidoscopic.

have I not shown you worlds that no other living men have seen?” I heard his scream through the horrible chaos. jellyfish monstrosities which flabbily quivered in harmony with the vibrations from the machine. They were present in loathsome profusion. “You think those floundering things wiped out the servants? Fool. These things were never still. Indescribable shapes both alive and otherwise were mixed in disgusting disarray. held the elements of consistency and permanence. “You see them? You see them? You see the things that float and flop about you and through you every moment of your life? You see the creatures that form what men call the pure air and the blue sky? Have I not succeeded in breaking down the barrier. they are harmless! But the servants are gone. the electrical machine. and close to every known thing were whole worlds of alien. Foremost among the living objects were inky. you damned coward. and they glared at me with what I now saw was overwhelming hatred. for the unusual part was superimposed upon the usual terrestrial scene much as a cinema view may be thrown upon the painted curtain of a theater. but of all the space unoccupied by familiar objects not one particle was vacant. but seemed ever floating about with some malignant purpose. and could not exclude the thing from my mind as I strove to observe other properties of the newly visible world that lies unseen around us. Suddenly I myself became possessed of a kind of augmented sight. and looked at the wild face thrust so offensively close to mine. that they were semifluid and capable of passing through one another and through what we know as solids. unknown entities. you discouraged me when I needed every drop of encouragement I could get. you were afraid of the cosmic truth. and the unsightly form of Tillinghast opposite me. Shudderingly I felt that I knew what had obliterated the unfortunate servants. Sometimes they appeared to devour one another. I have struck depths that your little 163 . the attacker launching itself at its victim and instantaneously obliterating the latter from sight. Look at me . I saw the attic laboratory.them visually. aren’t they? You tried to stop me. eh! You’ll know soon enough. The machine droned detestably.listen to what I say . and wondered what he saw with this preternatural eye. It was indeed somewhat familiar. though vague. But Tillinghast had been watching me and was speaking. and I saw to my horror that they overlapped. I recalled what he had said of the pineal gland.do you suppose there are really any such things as time and magnitude? Do you fancy there are such things as form or matter? I tell you. but now I’ve got you! What swept up the servants? What made them scream so loud?… Don’t know. Over and above the luminous and shadowy chaos arose a picture which. His eyes were pits of flame. It likewise seemed that all the known things entered into the composition of other unknown things and vice versa.

They didn’t hurt the servants . I have seen beyond the bounds of infinity and drawn down daemons from the stars… I have harnessed the shadows that stride from world to world to sow death and madness… Space belongs to me.but I know how to elude them. 164 . I wish I could believe that doctor.the things that devour and dissolve . and a hideous sense of pursuit sometimes comes chillingly on me when I am weary. and may be familiar to you from the newspaper accounts. look. The police heard a shot in the old Tillinghast house and found us there . My pets are not pretty. I assure you — but I want you to see them. dear sir? I told you it was dangerous to move. curse you. but from the evasive outline I did give. Why don’t you move. It would help my shaky nerves if I could dismiss what I now have to think of the air and the sky about and above me.it was the seeing that made the poor devils scream so. for they come out of places where aesthetic standards are . They arrested me because the revolver was in my hand. then? Tired? Well. they won’t hurt you. for I feared the coroner would be skeptical. do you hear? Things are hunting me now .brain can’t picture. but released me in three hours. If you had moved. as they got the servants… Stirring. don’t worry. after they found it was apoplexy which had finished Tillinghast and saw that my shot had been directed at the noxious machine which now lay hopelessly shattered on the laboratory floor. I almost saw them. I never feel alone or comfortable. Trembling. the doctor told me that I had undoubtedly been hypnotized by the vindictive and homicidal madman. for they are coming… Look. It is you they will get. I did not tell very much of what I had seen.Tillinghast dead and me unconscious. I have saved you so far by telling you to keep still . my friend. eh. they would have been at you long ago. Trembling with anxiety to see the ultimate things I have discovered.saved you to see more sights and to listen to me. Disintegration is quite painless.that the police never found the bodies of those servants whom they say Crawford Tillinghast murdered. look… it’s just over your left shoulder…” What remains to be told is very brief.very different. You are curious? I always knew you were no scientist. Don’t worry. but I knew how to stop. What prevents me from believing the doctor is one simple fact .

who could never mean aught to a blue-eyed man of the old folk. Vol. So instead of the poems I had hoped for. shrewd strangers without dreams and without kinship to the scenes about them. My coming to New York had been a mistake. majestic above its waters.He Written 11 Aug 1925 Published September 1926 in Weird Tales. and one with the marvels of Carcassonne and Samarcand and El Dorado and all glorious and half. its incredible peaks and pyramids rising flowerlike and delicate from pools of violet mist to play with the flaming clouds and the first stars of evening. there came only a shuddering blackness and ineffable loneliness. with the love of fair green lanes and white New England village steeples in his heart. and had itself become a starry firmament of dream.the unwhisperable secret of secrets . 3.fabulous cities. for whereas I had looked for poignant wonder and inspiration in the teeming labyrinths of ancient streets that twist endlessly from forgotten courts and squares and waterfronts to courts and squares and waterfronts equally forgotten. redolent of faery music. and annihilate me. and I saw at last a fearful truth which no one had ever dared to breathe before . paralyze. I had found instead only a sense of horror and oppression which threatened to master. 373-80. No.the fact that this 165 . 8. P. I had seen it in the sunset from a bridge. The disillusion had been gradual. Shortly afterward I was taken through those antique ways so dear to my fancy-narrow. But success and happiness were not to be. Coming for the first time upon the town. curving alleys and passages where rows of red Georgian brick blinked with small-paned dormers above pillared doorways that had looked on gilded sedans and paneled coaches . and the throngs of people that seethed through the flume-like streets were squat. swarthy strangers with hardened faces and narrow eyes.and in the first flush of realization of these long-wished things I thought I had indeed achieved such treasures as would make me in time a poet. Then it had lighted up window by window above the shimmering tides where lanterns nodded and glided and deep horns bayed weird harmonies. Garish daylight showed only squalor and alienage and the noxious elephantiasis of climbing. spreading stone where the moon had hinted of loveliness and elder magic. and in the Cyclopean modern towers and pinnacles that rise blackly Babylonian under waning moons. I saw him on a sleepless night when I was walking desperately to save my soul and my vision.

and realized that they could not be upon any map of today. my eagerness was again redoubled. so that I had sought them with twice my usual eagerness. Upon making this discovery I ceased to sleep comfortably. having heard of the place as the natural home of poets and artists. on a sleepless night’s walk. The archaic lanes and houses and unexpected bits of square and court had indeed delighted me. and he wore a 166 . and old white doorways remember the stalwart forms that once passed through them. or lurking lamplessly behind archways unbetrayed by hordes of the foreign-speaking or guarded by furtive and uncommunicative artists whose practises do not invite publicity or the light of day. and when I found the poets and artists to be loud-voiced pretenders whose quaintness is tinsel and whose lives are a denial of all that pure beauty which is poetry and art. I fancied them as they were in their prime. with dark. as I was threading a series of detached courtyards. when Greenwich was a placid village not yet engulfed by the town. but the fact that they were forgotten only endeared them to me. I had heard of them by vague rumor. and still refrained from going home to my people lest I seem to crawl back ignobly in defeat. when all the revellers had slunk away. The man came upon me at about two one cloudy August morning. for there in my ignorance I had settled. for something in their arrangement dimly hinted that they might be only a few of many such. when darkness calls forth what little of the past still hovers wraith-like about. noting my mood and glances as I studied certain knockered doorways above iron-railed steps. I stayed on for love of these venerable things. It was in a grotesque hidden courtyard of the Greenwich section. With this mode of relief I even wrote a few poems. I met the man. but that it is in fact quite dead. but once forming parts of a continuous network of picturesque alleys.city of stone and stridor is not a sentient perpetuation of Old New York as London is of Old London and Paris of Old Paris. and in the hours before dawn. His own face was in shadow. now accessible only through the unlighted hallways of intervening buildings. This kept my soul alive. its sprawling body imperfectly embalmed and infested with queer animate things which have nothing to do with it as it was in life. and gave me a few of those dreams and visions for which the poet far within me cried out. Now that I had found them. though something of resigned tranquillity came back as I gradually formed the habit of keeping off the streets by day and venturing abroad only at night. Then. the pallid glow of traceried transoms feebly lighting my face. He spoke to me without invitation. I used to wander alone among their cryptical windings and brood upon the curious arcana which generations must have deposited there. dumb counterparts wedged obscurely betwixt high blank walls and deserted rear tenements.

Later I noticed some with candles. We met no person. This alley led steeply uphill . making only the briefest of comments concerning ancient names and dates and changes. The things we saw were very old and marvelous.more steeply than I thought possible in this part of New York . arched passage of stone whose immense length and tortuous twistings effaced at last every hint of geographical location I had managed to preserve. I caught a glimpse of his face in the yellow beam from a solitary attic window. but I was subtly disquieted even before he addressed me. and directing my progress very largely by gestures as we squeezed through interstices. and bore the marks of a lineage and refinement unusual for the age and place. and I reckoned it a rare favor of Fate to fall in with one whose kindred seekings seemed to have penetrated so much farther than mine. and possessed of local information profoundly deeper than any which an obvious newcomer could possibly have gained? As he spoke. Yet some quality about it disturbed me almost as much as its features pleased me . and as time passed the lighted windows became fewer and fewer. and I shall never forget the tottering Ionic columns and fluted pilasters and urnheaded iron fenceposts and flaring-linteled windows and decorative fanlights that appeared to grow quainter and stranger the deeper we advanced into this inexhaustible maze of unknown antiquity. or too much out of keeping with the locality. and at last. Something in the night constrained the cloaked man to silence and for a long hour he led me forward without needless words. noticed me several times at my wanderings. or too expressionless.and the upper end was blocked squarely by the ivy-clad wall of a private estate. or at least they seemed so in the few straggling rays of light by which I viewed them. and of the ancient lozenge pattern. and once crawled on hands and knees through a low. even a handsome elderly countenance.wide-brimmed hat which somehow blended perfectly with the out-of-date cloak he affected. thin almost to cadaverousness. tiptoed through corridors clambered over brick walls. after traversing a horrible unlighted court where my guide had to lead with his gloved hand through total blackness to a narrow wooded gate in a high wall. It was a noble. though not particularly deep. He had. to make me feel easy or comfortable. beyond which I could see a pale cupola. he said. Would I not like the guidance of one long practised in these explorations. His form was very slight. for in those dreary days my quest for antique beauty and mystery was all that I had to keep my soul alive.perhaps it was too white. and his voice proved phenomenally soft and hollow. Nevertheless I followed him. we came upon a fragment of alley lit only by lanterns in front of every seventh house unbelievably Colonial tin lanterns with conical tops and holes punched in the sides. and inferred that I resembled him in loving the vestiges of former years. and the tops of trees 167 . The streetlights we first encountered had been of oil.

waving against a vague lightness in the sky. and which must have been the fruit of unwholesome centuries of decay. and I wondered if this unperceived mark of singular longevity were not one of the sources of my disquiet. In this feeble radiance I saw that we were in a spacious. Reflecting upon better times.” my host began. “a man of very eccentrical habits for whose costume no apology need be offered to one with your wit and inclinations. and finally up a flight of stone steps to the door of the house. he commenced to eye me intently. my host paused for a moment as if in embarrassment. and the buckled shoes I had not previously noticed. Then I saw him pull the curtains of the three small-paned windows that barely showed themselves against the lightening sky. “You behold. with splendid doorway pediments. I have not scrupled to ascertain their ways. and as we did so I grew faint from a reek of infinite mustiness which welled out to meet us. and cloak. and carefully muffled voice not infrequently quavered. lighted two candles of a candelabrum of twelve sconces. swallowed though it was by two towns. then. Leading me within. stood theatrically revealed in full mid-Georgian costume from queued hair and neck ruffles to knee-breeches. and a magnificently carved overmantel with scroll-and-urn top. struck flint and steel. and into a room whose door I heard him lock behind us. his soft. In this wall was a small. hollow. an indulgence which offends none if practised without ostentation. he steered a course in utter blackness over what seemed to be a gravel path. and adopt their dress and manners. low-arched gate of nail-studded black oak. Sir. Before seating himself across the tahle from me. a delightful Doric cornice. Without his hat he took on an aspect of extreme age which was scarcely visible before. wide-brimmed hat. after which he crossed to the mantel. and bearing an unmistakable likeness to the man who now motioned me to a chair beside the graceful Chippendale table. tardily removing his gloves. and now and then I had great difficulty in following him as I listened with a thrill of amazement and halfdisavowed alarm which grew each instant. first Greenwich. which built 168 . all tarnished to an enigmatical dimness. across a hall. which the man proceeded to unlock with a ponderous key. silk hose. My host appeared not to notice this. Above the crowded bookshelves at intervals along the walls were well-wrought family portraits. Now slowly sinking into a lyre-back chair. When he spoke at length. We entered. and made a gesture enjoining soft-toned speech. which he unlocked and opened for me. It hath been my good fortune to retain the rural seat of my ancestors. well-furnished and paneled library dating from the first quarter of the Eighteenth Century. and in courtesy I kept silent as he piloted me up a curving stairway.

He went on. “there appeared to reside some very remarkable qualities in the will of mankind. Sir.” I shuddered as the man grew colloquial . qualities having a little-suspected dominance not only over the acts of one’s self and of others. Then. and split me if I’d have risked tampering that much with . nor talked to no account with an ancient chymist and astrologer in 169 . but I could only nod my head.the powers . and were plaguey pestilent in asking to visit the grounds at the full of the moon. Thereafter he bargained with them and exchanged the free access of his grounds for the exact inwardness of what they did. I’m afeared the squire must have sarved them monstrous bad rum . under the strictest secrecy.got from those mongrel savages was but a small part of the larning he came to have. then New York. So I listened. He had not been at Oxford for nothing. and stood still at what he saw. There were many reasons for the close keeping of this place in my family.and with the familiar speech of another day.my ancestor.the squire . and over many elements and dimensions deemed more universal than Nature herself. For years they stole over the wall each month when they could. You. Sir. but over every variety of force and substance in Nature. and I believe I may rely on my judgement of men enough to have no distrust of either your interest or your fidelity. I have said that I was alarmed. are the first outsider to be told there is a secret. that what . and I have not been remiss in discharging such obligations. and by stealth performed sartain acts. “To . May I say that he flouted the sanctity of things as great as space and time and that he put to strange uses the rites of sartain half-breed red Indians once encamped upon this hill? These Indians showed choler when the place was built.whether or not by intent for a week after he larnt the secret he was the only man living that knew it. larning that their grandfathers got part of their custom from red ancestors and part from an old Dutchman in the time of the States-General. in ‘68.had ye not been so hot after bygone things. “But you must know. all connected with influences residing in this particular plot of ground. the new squire catched them at their doings. I had no choice save to follow him and slake my sense of wonder on whatever he might have to offer. Arid pox on him. which joined on near 1830. Some curious effects of these arts and discoveries I now purpose to show you. and eminently desarving of the strongest guarding.” he softly continued.up hither after 1800.” He paused. and whether this man were a harmless eccentric or a wielder of dangerous arts. The squire who succeeded to it in 1768 studied sartain arts and made sartain discoveries. yet to my soul nothing was more deadly than the material daylight world of New York.

the man drew apart the yellow silk curtains and directed my stare into the blackness outside. we may make about us.” My host now took my hand to draw me to one of the two windows on the long side of the malodorous room. so be pleased to hold back any fright at what I design to show.” I was faint. we may sweep away. Then. I clutched at the curtains to prevent myself from falling. and boldly prepared to follow whithersoever I might be led. I breathed hard. For a moment I saw nothing save a myriad of tiny dancing lights. and in the distance ahead I saw the unhealthy shimmer of a vast salt marsh constellated with nervous fireflies. the Greenwich that used to be. and what we don’t want. but in the farther distance I saw the steeples of what was then all of New York. The marsh still glittered beyond. far. though dry and firm. in fine. “can you do that for any time?” And as he nodded. icecold claw. yet with lovely green lanes and fields and bits of grassy common. but ’tis sufficient true to furnish a very pretty spectacle now and then. a flash of heat-lightning played over the scene. I conceive. “That was before my time . and bared the black stumps of what had once been yellow fangs. far before me. He was. and an evil smile illumined the waxy face of the aged necromancer. Pray let us try again. even fainter than the hateful modernity of that accursed city had made me. as if in response to an insidious motion of my host’s hand. and at the first touch of his ungloved fingers I turned cold. was of the quality of ice. But he steadied me with that terrible. “Good God!” I whispered. and I almost shrank away from his pulling. and I looked out upon a sea of luxuriant foliage . Again the lightning flashed .foliage unpolluted. I won’t say that all this is wholly true in body. and not the sea of roofs to be expected by any normal mind. You. What we want. Trinity and St. Paul’s and the Brick Church dominating their sisters. hut not so much from the sight itself as from the possibilities my imagination terrifiedly conjured up.before the new squire’s time.but this time upon a scene not wholly strange. Come to the window and be quiet. On my right the Hudson glittered wickedly. It was Greenwich. and a faint haze of wood smoke hovering over the whole. The flash died. would be tickled hy a better sight of sartain other years than your fancy affords you. 170 . But again I thought of the emptiness and horror of reality. Once at the window. made sensible that all the world is but the smoke of our intellects. with here and there a roof or row of houses as we see it now. His flesh. but by the wise to be puffed out and drawn in like any cloud of prime Virginia tobacco. past the bidding of the vulgar. and once more made his insidious gesture.Paris.

and devil-lights burning from unnumbered windows.” 171 . but the evil grin returned. Then. I saw this vista. I saw that my host was trembling too. and barked things in his throat as he swayed with the yellow curtain he clutched. and heard as with the mind’s ear the blasphemous domdaniel of cacophony which companioned it. and dancing insanely to the pounding of fevered kettle-drums. forward . clutched at the curtains as I had done before. as with the ascent of a barefoot or skin-shod horde. I say. and wriggled his head wildly. and yet must needs blame the squire . ye red devils.ye… ye yelping dog . as the flash subsided. for as the echoes of my screaming died away there came another sound so hellishly suggestive that only numbed emotion kept me sane and conscious.han’t I kept your pox-rotted magic safe . And swarming loathsomely on aerial galleries I saw the yellow. like a hunted animal. and at last the cautious. For full three seconds I could glimpse that pandemoniac sight. stealthy creaking of the stairs beyond the locked door. you! Unhand that latch . God knows he had cause.Gad sink ye. a look of shocking fear half-blotting from his face the serpent distortion of rage which my screams had excited. I saw the heavens verminous with strange flying things. and the maniacal moaning of muted horns whose ceaseless dirges rose and fell undulantly like the wave of an unhallowed ocean of bitumen. curse ye.damn ye .ye swilled yourselves sick. robed horribly in orange and red. and in those seconds I saw a vista which will ever afterward torment me in dreams. purposeful rattling of the brass latch that glowed in the feeble candlelight.look ye puling lackwit!” And as he snarled the phrase under his breath he gestured anew bringing to the sky a flash more blinding than either which had come before. but I poisoned no rum o’ yours . The old man clawed and spat at me through the moldy air. “Far? What I have seen would blast ye to a mad statue of stone! Back. He tottered. and beneath them a hellish black city of giant stone terraces with impious pyramids flung savagely to the moon. It was the steady. squint-eyed people of that city.dead men . It was the shrieking fulfilment of all the horror which that corpse-city had ever stirred in my soul.dare you . and forgetting every injunction to silence I screamed and screamed and screamed as my nerves gave way and the walls quivered about me.let go. the clatter of obscene crotala.go far?” I spoke with awe and I think he shared it for a second.ye called ‘em. back forward. and they’ve come for me! Moccasined feet . “The full moon .“Can you .I’ve naught for ye here .

At this point three slow and very deliberate raps shook the panels of the door. turning to steely despair. malevolent eyes. bearing away its invisible burden without touching me. sagging floor. which creaked as before. totally swallowing it up. overturned a chair as it spread. I saw sweep past it an awful torrent of blackness. In those greenish beams the candles paled. battered mantel. and he staggered a step toward the table on whose edge I was steadying myself. and when it found it. The curtains. and finally flowed under the table and across the room to where the blackened head with the eyes still glared at me. but watched dazedly as the door fell in pieces to admit a colossal. climbing frenziedly out upon the unkempt lawn where moon light danced over yard-high grass and weeds. dilated incandescence which grew as the face around them charred and dwindled. like a flood of oil bursting a rotten bulkhead. and occasionally emitting feeble little spits of immortal malice. and once a crashing above had been followed by the fall past the west window of some thing which must have been the cupola. grew taut and finally crashed down from their lofty fastenings. The wall was high and all the gates 172 . and in another moment it had begun to recede. and this time bore a hint of metal. and I slid gaspingly down into the nighted chamber below. choking with cobwebs and half-swooning with terror. The rapping was now repeated with greater insistence. and they glared with a propulsive. shining through broken windows. Only his eyes stayed whole. vanished therein. and a new semblance of decay spread over the musk-reeking room with its wormy paneling. Now swift and splintering blows assailed the sickly panels. I rushed through the hall to the front door and finding myself unable to open it. and as I rose from the plaster-strewn floor and twisted myself free from the sagged ceiling. The black thing facing me had become only a head with eyes. It poured thickly. too. left room for a resurgence of his rage against me. for I could not. and flowing again out that black doorway and down the unseen stairs. and ragged draperies. seized a chair and broke a window. with scores of baleful eyes glowing in it. It was seeking the door to the cellar. and a white foam gathered at the mouth of the frantic magician. though in reverse order. rickety furniture. Then the floor gave way at last. still clutched in his right hand as his left clawed out at me. Now liberated for the instant from the wreckage. impotently trying to wriggle across the sinking floor in my direction. shapeless influx of inky substance starred with shining. His fright. and I saw him shrivel and blacken as he lurched near and strove to rend me with vulturine talons. I did not move. I now felt the floor of this lower room giving as that of the upper chamber had done. admitting to the room a flood of that full moonlight which the brightening of the sky had presaged. Around that head it closed. whether from the same source or because of his fear and vehemence. The green moon. It spread over the old man. and I saw the gleam of a tomahawk as it cleft the rending wood. showed me the hall door half open.

and in another instant my body was plunging downward to I knew not what fate. The gathering rain soon effaced this link with the scene of my ordeal. The steep street of my approach was nowhere visible. I have no idea. Suddenly the urn to which I clung began to tremble. I never sought to return to those tenebrous labyrinths. Of who or what that ancient creature was. as if sharing my own lethal dizziness. nor would I direct any sane man thither if I could. and reports could state no more than that I had appeared from a place unknown. but I have gone home to the pure New England lanes up which fragrant sea-winds sweep at evening. for a trail of blood stretched off as far as he dared look. at the entrance to a little black court off Perry Street. Whither he has gone. 173 . I do not know. but I repeat that the city is dead and full of unsuspected horrors. About me in my exhaustion I could see only strange walls and windows and old gambrel roofs. and the little I did see succumbed rapidly to a mist that rolled in from the river despite the glaring moonlight. The man who found me said that I must have crawled a long way despite my broken bones.were locked but moving a pile of boxes in a corner I managed to gain the top and cling to the great stone urn set there.

1. From The Dark Published Februrary 1922 in Home Brew Vol. Several times he had actually obtained signs of life in animals supposedly dead. who was my friend in college and in after life. dogs.Herbert West: Reanimator Written Sep 1921-mid 1922 Published in six parts. Vol. February-July 1922 in Home Brew. which were widely ridiculed by the faculty and by his fellow-students. and I was his closest companion. As I have said. Of Herbert West. Now that he is gone and the spell is broken. and monkeys. if indeed possible. since the same solution never worked alike on different organic species. I. 1. It was here that he first came into conflict with the college authorities. guinea-pigs. It likewise became clear that. till he had become the prime nuisance of the college. 1-6. in many cases violent signs but he soon saw that the perfection of his process. but was engendered by the whole nature of his life-work. the wonder and diabolism of his experiments fascinated me utterly. cats. when we were in the third year of our course at the Miskatonic University Medical School in Arkham. I can speak only with extreme terror. 19-25. While he was with me. The first horrible incident of our acquaintance was the greatest shock I ever experienced. p. In his experiments with various animating solutions. This terror is not due altogether to the sinister manner of his recent disappearance. it happened when we were in the medical school where West had already made himself notorious through his wild theories on the nature of death and the possibility of overcoming it artificially. Nos. he would require human subjects for further and more specialised progress. No. and was debarred from future experiments by no less a dignitary than the dean of the medical school himself — the learned and benevolent Dr. whose work in behalf of the stricken is recalled by every old resident of Arkham. and concerned means for operating the organic machinery of mankind by calculated chemical action after the failure of natural processes. and first gained its acute form more than seventeen years ago. hinged on the essentially mechanistic nature of life. and it is only with reluctance that I repeat it. His views. 174 . 1. Memories and possibilities are ever more hideous than realities. Allan Halsey. he had killed and treated immense numbers of rabbits. would necessarily involve a lifetime of research. the actual fear is greater.

To hear him discussing ways and means was rather ghastly.I had always been exceptionally tolerant of West’s pursuits. Holding with Haeckel that all life is a chemical and physical process. since rumours of strange lights. It was this circumstance which made the professors so carelessly sceptical. and that unless actual decomposition has set in. and a soft voice. spectacled youth with delicate features. pale blue eyes. would soon bring disaster on our enterprise. and only repeated failures on animals had shewn him that the natural and artificial life-motions were incompatible. and continue in secret the experiments he could no longer perform openly. because practically every body in Christchurch was embalmed. whose ramifications and corollaries were almost infinite. It was not long after the faculty had interdicted his work that West confided to me his resolution to get fresh human bodies in some manner. The place was far from any road. yet precautions were none the less necessary. and they were seldom questioned. It was I who thought of the deserted Chapman farmhouse beyond Meadow Hill. West fully realised. for at the college we had never procured anatomical specimens ourselves. for they felt that true death had not occurred in any case. slender. each with dark curtains to conceal our midnight doings. where we fitted up on the ground floor an operating room and a laboratory. and it was uncanny to hear him dwelling on the relative merits of Christchurch Cemetery and the potter’s field. It was agreed to call the whole thing a chemical laboratory if discovery should occur. We finally decided on the potter’s field. and we frequently discussed his theories. He then sought extreme freshness in his specimens. injecting his solutions into the blood immediately after the extinction of life. Whenever the morgue proved inadequate. They did not stop to view the matter closely and reasoningly. That the psychic or intellectual life might be impaired by the slight deterioration of sensitive brain-cells which even a short period of death would be apt to cause. a thing of course ruinous to West’s researches. At 175 . yellow hair. and in sight of no other house. Gradually we equipped our sinister haunt of science with materials either purchased in Boston or quietly borrowed from the college — materials carefully made unrecognisable save to expert eyes — and provided spades and picks for the many burials we should have to make in the cellar. started by chance nocturnal roamers. and helped him make all his decisions. West was then a small. I was by this time his active and enthralled assistant. not only concerning the source of bodies but concerning a suitable place for our loathsome work. It had at first been his hope to find a reagent which would restore vitality before the actual advent of death. and that the so-called “soul” is a myth. two local negroes attended to this matter. a corpse fully equipped with organs may with suitable measures be set going again in the peculiar fashion known as life. my friend believed that artificial reanimation of the dead can depend only on the condition of the tissues.

preferably free from malforming disease. when only the limited summer-school classes were held. luck favoured us. We followed the local death-notices like ghouls. West scrambled down and removed the lid. It was a repulsive task that we undertook in the black small hours. by the light of a powerful acetylene lamp. as often as we could without exciting suspicion. but we managed to remove all traces of our visit. and probably having vital processes of the simplest and healthiest sort. they were not as satisfactory as the tungsten contrivances of today. We had at last what West had always longed for — a real dead man of the ideal kind. Not for many weeks did we hear of anything suitable. we put the specimen in a canvas sack and set out for the old Chapman place beyond Meadow Hill. especially the stiff form and vacant face of our first trophy. though we talked with morgue and hospital authorities. and brown-haired — a sound animal without psychological subtleties. dragging out and propping up the contents. a brawny young workman drowned only the morning before in Summer’s Pond. On an improvised dissecting-table in the old farmhouse. for our specimens demanded particular qualities. ostensibly in the college’s interest. it looked more asleep than dead. Now. even though we lacked at that time the special horror of graveyards which later experiences brought to us.the college we used an incinerator. grey-eyed. The tension on our part became very great. What we wanted were corpses interred soon after death and without artificial preservation. I reached down and hauled the contents out of the grave. Accident victims were our best hope. for one day we heard of an almost ideal case in the potter’s field. The affair made us rather nervous. When the pine box was fully uncovered. That afternoon we found the new grave. When we had patted down the last shovelful of earth. and buried at the town’s expense without delay or embalming. for although electric torches were then manufactured. Bodies were always a nuisance — even the small guinea-pig bodies from the slight clandestine experiments in West’s room at the boarding-house. We found that the college had first choice in every case. though the expert test of my friend soon left no doubt on that score. with the eyes closed. In the end. ready for the solution as prepared according to the most careful calculations and theories for human use. and certainly with all organs present. and then both toiled hard to restore the spot to its former appearance. The process of unearthing was slow and sordid — it might have been gruesomely poetical if we had been artists instead of scientists — and we were glad when our spades struck wood. though. We carried spades and oil dark lanterns. and determined to begin work soon after midnight. so that it might be necessary to remain in Arkham during the summer. but the apparatus was too costly for our unauthorised laboratory. the specimen was not very spectral looking. We knew 176 . It had been a sturdy and apparently unimaginative youth of wholesome plebeian type — large-framed.

and wholly unexpected. and what he could relate if fully restored to life. and felt an awe at the secrets that might be told by one returning from the dead. myself. But my wonder was not overwhelming. and vaulting madly into the starred abyss of the rural night. So taking the solitary acetylene lamp into the adjacent laboratory. The waiting was gruesome. for in one inconceivable cacophony was centered all the supernal terror and unnatural despair of animate nature. I was pouring something from one test-tube to another. Not more unutterable could have been the chaos of hellish sound if the pit itself had opened to release the agony of the damned. The awful event was very sudden. and bent every energy to the mixing of a new solution. since for the most part I shared the materialism of my friend. the body would not be even approximately fresh the next night. and retorts. the weighing and measuring supervised by West with an almost fanatical care. we wished to shun even the remotest risk of a ghoulish discovery. we left our silent guest on the slab in the dark. lamp. when from the pitch-black room we had left there burst the most appalling and daemoniac succession of cries that either of us had ever heard. and West was busy over the alcohol blast-lamp which had to answer for a Bunsen burner in this gasless edifice. and could not avoid hideous fears at possible grotesque results of partial animation. We had that afternoon dug a grave in the cellar. I think we screamed ourselves as we stumbled frantically toward the town. Besides. Human it could not have been — it is not in man to make such sounds — and without a thought of our late employment or its possible discovery. though as we reached the outskirts we put on a semblance of restraint — just enough to seem like belated revellers staggering home from a debauch. since in the space following death some of the more delicate cerebral cells might well have suffered deterioration. immediately binding the incision securely.that there was scarcely a chance for anything like complete success. but determined to make the most of his opportunity and try one change in the formula before disposing of his ghastly prize. overturning tubes. I wondered what sights this placid youth might have seen in inaccessible spheres. both West and I leaped to the nearest window like stricken animals. still held some curious notions about the traditional “soul” of man. and would have to fill it by dawn — for although we had fixed a lock on the house. After about three-quarters of an hour without the least sign of life he disappointedly pronounced the solution inadequate. I. Especially were we apprehensive concerning the mind and impulses of the creature. He was calmer than I as he forced a large quantity of his fluid into a vein of the body’s arm. Every now and then he applied his stethoscope to the specimen. and bore the negative results philosophically. 177 . but West never faltered.

p. and my friend had attained a wide notoriety because of his experiments leading toward the revivification of the dead. and saw him inject into the still veins the elixir which he thought would to some extent restore life’s chemical and physical processes. so that we could sleep through the day — classes being disregarded. The body had not been quite fresh enough. The Plague-Daemon Published March 1922 in Home Brew Vol. After the scientific slaughter of uncounted small animals the freakish work had ostensibly stopped by order of our sceptical dean. Also. 45-50. and the burning of the old house had prevented us from burying the thing. Dr. The old deserted Chapman house had inexplicably burned to an amorphous heap of ashes. where we whispered with the gas up until dawn. No. when like a noxious afrite from the halls of Eblis typhoid stalked leeringly through Arkham. and complain of fancied footsteps behind him. West and I were doing post-graduate work in summer classes at the medical school of Miskatonic University. It had ended horribly — in a delirium of fear which we gradually came to attribute to our own overwrought nerves — and West had never afterward been able to shake off a maddening sensation of being haunted and hunted. II. It would have been better if we could have known it was underground. Now he has disappeared. for truly terror brooded with batwings over the piles of coffins in the tombs of Christchurch Cemetery. yet for me there is a greater horror in that time — a horror known to me alone now that Herbert West has disappeared. 1. It is by that satanic scourge that most recall the year. By then we had calmed ourselves a little with rational theories and plans for investigation. made it again impossible for us to sleep.We did not separate. that we could understand because of the upset lamp. I was with him on that odious occasion. I shall never forget that hideous summer sixteen years ago. for we had patted down the mould very carefully. it is obvious that to restore normal mental attributes a body must be very fresh indeed. And for seventeen years after that West would look frequently over his shoulder. 178 . and had on one terrible and unforgettable occasion taken a human body from its grave in the potter’s field to a deserted farmhouse beyond Meadow Hill. Allan Halsey. but managed to get to West’s room. That we could not understand. But that evening two items in the paper. wholly unrelated. though West had continued to perform certain secret tests in his dingy boarding-house room. 2. as if by futile and spadeless clawing at the earth. an attempt had been made to disturb a new grave in the potter’s field.

and sometimes gentle and amiable. yet always narrow. for the decision of Dr. was inexpressibly disgusting and almost incomprehensible to a youth of West’s logical temperament. And then had come the scourge. pleading for the use of the dissecting-room and of fresh human specimens for the work he regarded as so overwhelmingly important. and deaths ensued too frequently for the local undertakers fully to 179 . Like most youths. but which he wished to begin while still possessed of the exceptional facilities of the university. That the tradition-bound elders should ignore his singular results on animals. kindly. coupled with a desire to prove his theories to these obtuse worthies in some striking and dramatic fashion. West. anti-Nietzscheism. he indulged in elaborate daydreams of revenge. He felt that he was needlessly and irrationally retarded in a supremely great work. triumph.After that experience West had dropped his researches for some time. His pleas. custom-ridden. and the other professors all endorsed the verdict of their leader. And now Sefton Asylum has had the mishap and West has vanished. spectacled blue eyes. so that we were in Arkham when it broke with full daemoniac fury upon the town. intolerant. young despite his marvellous scientific acquirements. however. The situation was almost past management. a work which he could of course conduct to suit himself in later years. had scant patience with good Dr. but as the zeal of the born scientist slowly returned. Age has more charity for these incomplete yet high-souled characters. were wholly in vain. and lacking in perspective. and persist in their denial of the possibility of reanimation. Halsey and his erudite colleagues. Only greater maturity could help him understand the chronic mental limitations of the “professor-doctor” type — the product of generations of pathetic Puritanism. we now had our degrees. Calvinism. He grew sterner of face. and every sort of Sabbatarianism and sumptuary legislation. but had remained for additional work at the summer school. conscientious. and nursed an increasing resentment. yellow hair. he again became importunate with the college faculty. from the nightmare caverns of Tartarus. Though not as yet licenced physicians. and who are ultimately punished by general ridicule for their intellectual sins — sins like Ptolemaism. West clashed disagreeably with Dr. Halsey near the end of our last undergraduate term in a wordy dispute that did less credit to him than to the kindiy dean in point of courtesy. In the radical theory of reanimation they saw nothing but the immature vagaries of a youthful enthusiast whose slight form. West and I had graduated about the time of its beginning. anti-Darwinism. and were pressed frantically into public service as the numbers of the stricken grew. grinning and lethal. I can see him now as he was then — and I shiver. Halsey was inflexible. whose worst real vice is timidity. and soft voice gave no hint of the supernormal — almost diabolical — power of the cold brain within. and final magnanimous forgiveness. but never elderly.

Before a month was over the fearless dean had become a popular hero. he managed to get a recently deceased body smuggled into the university dissecting-room one night. and spent the afternoon at the bar of the Commercial House. This circumstance was not without effect on West. Halsey in particular had distinguished himself in sacrificing service. chilled the rest of us with references to his notorious theories. yet none for his persecuted researches! We were frightfully overworked. with a third man between us. but only stared at the ceiling with a look of soul-petrifying horror before collapsing into an inertness from which nothing could rouse it. as the evening advanced. Apparently this acidulous matron was right. who thought often of the irony of the situation — so many fresh specimens. applying his extreme skill with whole-hearted energy to cases which many others shunned because of danger or apparent hopelessness. but because of this was even more determined to prove to him the truth of his amazing doctrines. and even the Christchurch Cemetery receiving tomb was crammed with coffins of the unembalmed dead. though shaken by the death of his chief opponent.handle. Most of the students went home. Burials without embalming were made in rapid succession. and the terrific mental and nervous strain made my friend brood morbidly. Halsey did die on the 14th. where when they broke down 180 . and Dr. College had all but closed. though he seemed unconscious of his fame as he struggled to keep from collapsing with physical fatigue and nervous exhaustion.” West’s landlady saw us arrive at his room about two in the morning. Taking advantage of the disorganisation of both college work and municipal health regulations. and told her husband that we had all evidently dined and wined rather well. West could not withhold admiration for the fortitude of his foe. and in my presence injected a new modification of his solution. the whole house was aroused by cries coming from West’s room. or to various duties.m. The students all attended the hasty funeral on the 15th. The thing actually opened its eyes. That time we were almost caught before we incinerated the thing. West and I were almost dead. The peak of the epidemic was reached in August. After the entombment we were all somewhat depressed. Dr. but West persuaded me to aid him in “making a night of it. where West. West said it was not fresh enough — the hot summer air does not favour corpses. though the latter was quite overshadowed by the tributes sent by wealthy Arkham citizens and by the municipality itself. But West’s gentle enemies were no less harassed with prostrating duties. and bought an impressive wreath. for the dean had surely been a public benefactor. for about 3 a. It was almost a public affair. and every doctor of the medical faculty was helping to fight the typhoid plague. and West doubted the advisability of repeating his daring misuse of the college laboratory.

three of the bodies had been in stricken homes and had not been alive. and mauled. They had organised the quest with care. keeping in touch by means of volunteer telephone stations. but were specimens collected for bacteriological analysis in the course of investigations on the transmission of germ diseases. seventeen maimed and shapeless remnants of bodies were left behind by the voiceless.the door. To the police we both declared ignorance of our late companion’s identity. A few persons had half seen it in the dark. but he swore that no beast had at any time escaped from its cage. The next night devils danced on the roofs of Arkham. West nervously said. and with the broken remnants of West’s bottles and instruments around us. There were some strange garments in the room. Only an open window told what had become of our assailant. scratched. captured it in a house on Crane Street near the Miskatonic campus. where a small pool of red lay on the concrete just outside the gate. for sometimes it had been hungry. A fainter trail led away toward the woods. The thing was finally stopped by a bullet. and West and I did not wish to have our pugnacious companion hunted down. Those who found the body noted a trail of blood leading to the receiving tomb. Christchurch Cemetery was the scene of a terrible killing. and said it was white and like a malformed ape or anthropomorphic fiend. beaten. We had all been rather jovial. but raising a doubt as to the human agency of the deed. and many wondered how he himself had fared after the terrific leap from the second story to the lawn which he must have made. The manager of a circus at the neighbouring town of Bolton was questioned. He was. The victim had been seen alive considerably after midnight — the dawn revealed the unutterable thing. That same night saw the beginning of the second Arkham horror — the horror that to me eclipsed the plague itself. and when someone in the college district had reported hearing a scratching at a shuttered window. It had not left behind quite all that it had attacked. but it soon gave out. though not a 181 . and unnatural madness howled in the wind. sadistic monster that crept abroad. The number it had killed was fourteen. He ordered them burnt as soon as possible in the capacious fireplace. and the capture was effected without major casualties. On account of the general alarm and precautions. and which some whispered was the embodied daemon-soul of the plague itself. On the third night frantic bands of searchers. Through the fevered town had crept a curse which some said was greater than the plague. Eight houses were entered by a nameless thing which strewed red death in its wake — in all. a congenial stranger whom we had met at some downtown bar of uncertain location. but West upon regaining consciousness said they did not belong to the stranger. they found the two of us unconscious on the blood-stained carpet. a watchman having been clawed to death in a manner not only too hideous for description. the net was quickly spread. there were only two more victims. led by the police.

unbelievable resemblance to a learned and self-sacrificing martyr who had been entombed but three days before — the late Dr. “Damn it. but beneath the surface were aims of far greater and more terrible moment — for the essence of Herbert West’s existence was a quest amid black and forbidden realms of the unknown. When he and I obtained our degrees at the medical school of Miskatonic University. 21-26. It is uncommon to fire all six shots of a revolver with great suddenness when one would probably be sufficient. we took great care not to say that we chose our house because it was fairly well isolated. What had most disgusted the searchers of Arkham was the thing they noticed when the monster’s face was cleaned — the mocking. but many things in the life of Herbert West were uncommon.fatal one. it wasn’t quite fresh enough!” III. It is. Allan Halsey. 1. They dressed its wound and carted it to the asylum at Sefton. not often that a young physician leaving college is obliged to conceal the principles which guide his selection of a home and office. for our requirements were those resulting from a life-work distinctly unpopular. No. shudder even more than I did that morning when West muttered through his bandages. and in order to keep supplied with these indispensable things one must live quietly and not far from a place of informal interment. To the vanished Herbert West and to me the disgust and horror were supreme. where it beat its head against the walls of a padded cell for sixteen years — until the recent mishap. Such a quest demands strange materials. This much was clear despite the nauseous eyes. I shudder tonight as I think of it. among them fresh human bodies. yet that was the case with Herbert West. p. and was rushed to the local hospital amidst universal excitement and loathing. Six Shots by Moonlight Published April 1922 in Home Brew Vol. nor indeed was ours. public benefactor and dean of the medical school of Miskatonic University. for instance. the voiceless simianism. in which he hoped to uncover the secret of life and restore to perpetual animation the graveyard’s cold clay. Reticence such as this is seldom without a cause. and sought to relieve our poverty by setting up as general practitioners. when it escaped under circumstances that few like to mention. For it had been a man. and as near as possible to the potter’s field. and the daemoniac savagery. 182 . Outwardly we were doctors only. 3.

but we could haul our silent specimens undisturbed. The Bolton Worsted Mills are the largest in the Miskatonic Valley. We were not much displeased. The bodies had to be exceedingly fresh. and different human specimens required large modifications. often confessed to a shuddering sensation of stealthy pursuit. since there were no people between us and our sinister source of supplies. But what actually absorbed our minds was the secret laboratory we had fitted up in the cellar — the laboratory with the long table under the electric lights. He half felt that he was followed — a psychological delusion of shaken nerves. and I had been the only one to sympathise with his hideous experiments. blond. Our practice was surprisingly large from the very first — large enough to please most young doctors. The walk was a trifle long. and besides their many natural needs. and now that we were out of college we had to keep together. five numbers from the closest neighbour. Gradually I had come to be his inseparable assistant. and West. where in the small hours of the morning we often injected West’s various solutions into the veins of the things we dragged from the potter’s field. but had encountered the most ghastly obstacles. It was not easy to find a good opening for two doctors in company. and their polyglot employees are never popular as patients with the local physicians. bisected by a narrow neck of the rather dense forest which lies to the north. and large enough to prove a bore and a burden to students whose real interest lay elsewhere. seizing at last on a rather run-down cottage near the end of Pond Street. and separated from the local potter’s field by only a stretch of meadow land. or the slight decomposition of brain tissue would render perfect reanimation impossible. their frequent clashes and stabbing affrays gave us plenty to do. West was experimenting madly to find something which would start man’s vital motions anew after they had been stopped by the thing we call death. the greatest problem was to get them fresh enough — West had had horrible experiences during his secret college researches with corpses of doubtful vintage. The mill-hands were of somewhat turbulent inclinations. but finally the influence of the university secured us a practice in Bolton — a factory town near Arkham. the seat of the college. The distance was greater than we wished. but we could get no nearer house without going on the other side of the field. Ever since our first daemoniac session in the deserted farmhouse on Meadow Hill in Arkham. The results of partial or imperfect animation were much more hideous than were the total failures. We chose our house with the greatest care. though a calm. enhanced by the undeniably disturbing fact that at least one of 183 .West and I had met in college. Indeed. we had felt a brooding menace. blue-eyed scientific automaton in most respects. however. and we both held fearsome recollections of such things. The solution had to be differently compounded for different types — what would serve for guinea-pigs would not serve for human beings. wholly out of the factory district.

and they were grateful when West. and made it open its eyes with an amazingly rational expression before the solution failed. and one rather shivery thing — it rose of itself and uttered a sound. We had not been settled a week before we got an accident victim on the very night of burial. took the specimen in the back door and down the cellar stairs. and prepared it for the usual experiment. one total failure. “The Harlem Smoke. The match had been between Kid O’Brien — a lubberly and now quaking youth with a most un-Hibernian hooked nose — and Buck Robinson. in spite of my involuntary shudders. Surreptitious and illconducted bouts among the mill-workers were common. Between then and the next January we secured three more. He was a loathsome. one case of marked muscular motion. It had lost an arm — if it had been a perfect body we might have succeeded better. where the remnants of a crowd of frightened foreigners were watching a silent black form on the floor. Then came a period when luck was poor. We followed them to an abandoned barn. and a moment’s examination shewed us that he would permanently remain so. One March night. but we dressed the thing and carried it home between us through the deserted streets and meadows. interments fell off. evidently with disastrous results. offered to get rid of the thing quietly — for a purpose I knew too well. and a face that conjured up thoughts of unspeakable Congo secrets and tom-tom poundings under an eerie moon. In Bolton the prevailing spirit of Puritanism had outlawed the sport of boxing — with the usual result. We had fair luck with specimens in Bolton — much better than in Arkham. This late winter night there had been such a match. gorilla-like thing. for they did not know what the law would exact of them if the affair were not hushed up. and those that did occur were of specimens either too diseased or too maimed for use. and occasionally professional talent of low grade was imported. Our fear of the 184 . however. The body must have looked even worse in life — but the world holds many ugly things. We approached the house from the field in the rear. We kept track of all the deaths and their circumstances with systematic care. we unexpectedly obtained a specimen which did not come from the potter’s field. Fear was upon the whole pitiful crowd. There was bright moonlight over the snowless landscape.” The negro had been knocked out. since two timorous Poles had come to us with incoherently whispered entreaties to attend to a very secret and desperate case. as we had carried a similar thing one horrible night in Arkham. Then there was another — our first — whose exact fate we had never learned. with abnormally long arms which I could not help calling fore legs.our reanimated specimens was still alive — a frightful carnivorous thing in a padded cell at Sefton.

but West departed amidst his inhuman shrieks. Ghastly as our prize appeared. though we had timed our trip to avoid the solitary patrolman of that section. who was still missing as the night advanced. There was some talk of searching the woods. I lay still and somewhat dazed. fairly certain that the police would never find it in a forest so dim and dense. An Italian woman had become hysterical over her missing child — a lad of five who had strayed off early in the morning and failed to appear for dinner — and had developed symptoms highly alarming in view of an always weak heart. but I did not sleep well. it was wholly unresponsive to every solution we injected in its black arm. but before long heard West’s rap on my door. I did not like those rumours of a fight which were floating about. Thoughts of the police and of the mad Italian both weighed heavily. and this woman seemed as much harassed by omens as by facts. but fully as good as that of the previous specimen — the thing which had risen of itself and uttered a sound. but Italian peasants are exceedingly superstitious. It might mean the end of all our local work — and perhaps prison for both West and me. He was clad in dressing. for a patient brought rumours of a suspected fight and death. we did as we had done with the others — dragged the thing across the meadows to the neck of the woods near the potter’s field. About seven o’clock in the evening she had died. Friends had held him when he drew a stiletto.gown and slippers. and had in his hands a revolver and an 185 . Bolton had a surprisingly good police force for so small a town. After the clock had struck three the moon shone in my eyes.police was absurdly great. In his latest affliction the fellow seemed to have forgotten his child. but I turned over without rising to pull down the shade. but most of the family’s friends were busy with the dead woman and the screaming man. It was a very foolish hysteria. and her frantic husband had made a frightful scene in his efforts to kill West. So as the hour grew dangerously near to dawn. The result was wearily anticlimactic. the nervous strain upon West must have been tremendous. curses and oaths of vengeance. We retired about eleven. whom he wildly blamed for not saving her life. and buried it there in the best sort of grave the frozen ground would furnish. Altogether. for he had been called in the afternoon to a case which ended very threateningly. The grave was not very deep. and I could not help fearing the mess which would ensue if the affair of the night before were ever tracked down. In the light of our dark lanterns we carefully covered it with leaves and dead vines. solutions prepared from experience with white specimens only. for the boy had often run away before. Then came the steady rattling at the back door. West had still another source of worry. The next day I was increasingly apprehensive about the police.

The scream of a dead man gave to me that acute and added horror of Dr. Briefly and brutally stated. “We’d better both go. Herbert West. p. “It wouldn’t do not to answer it anyway. very fresh because even the least decay hopelessly damaged the 186 . From the revolver I knew that he was thinking more of the crazed Italian than of the police. when establishing his practice in Bolton. foul with caked blood. leaves. terrible. he had chosen an isolated house near the potter’s field. 1. for it is obviously. and having between its glistening teeth a snow-white. and unnecessarily emptied all six chambers of his revolver into the nocturnal visitor. Herbert West which harassed the latter years of our companionship. IV. cylindrical object terminating in a tiny hand. The Scream of the Dead Published May 1922 in Home Brew Vol. leading toward the reanimation of the dead through injections of an excitant solution. possessed scientific interests far beyond the usual routine of a village physician. West did a peculiar thing. When we reached the door I cautiously unbolted it and threw it open. growing somewhat louder. whose associate and assistant I was. and vines. For this ghastly experimenting it was necessary to have a constant supply of very fresh human bodies. with a fear partly justified and partly that which comes only from the soul of the weird small hours. not a pleasing or ordinary occurrence. and as the moon streamed revealingly down on the form silhouetted there. It is natural that such a thing as a dead man’s scream should give horror. No.” he whispered. Looming hideously against the spectral moon was a gigantic misshapen thing not to be imagined save in nightmares — a glassy-eyed. and it may be a patient — it would be like one of those fools to try the back door. covered with bits of mould.electric flashlight.” So we both went down the stairs on tiptoe. 4. That was why. but I was used to similar experiences. The rattling continued. Despite the obvious danger of attracting notice and bringing down on our heads the dreaded police investigation — a thing which after all was mercifully averted by the relative isolation of our cottage — my friend suddenly. 53-58. excitedly. as I have implied. ink-black apparition nearly on all fours. hence suffered on this occasion only because of a particular circumstance. it was not of the dead man himself that I became afraid. For that visitor was neither Italian nor policeman. And. West’s sole absorbing interest was a secret study of the phenomena of life and its cessation.

a loathsome African monstrosity. vividly conscious for the first time of the thoroughly mechanical nature of life. What he wanted were bodies from which vitality had only just departed. but we had learned that an ordinary natural life would not respond to the action. and brainless motion by various modifications of the vital solution. natural life must be extinct — the specimens must be very fresh. with only an occasional flash of a cold blue eye to tell of the hardening and growing fanaticism of his character under the pressure of his terrible investigations. bodies with every cell intact and capable of receiving again the impulse toward that mode of motion called life. It was in July. still another. To establish the artificial motion. perhaps two. softvoiced. he told me excitedly. the results of defective reanimation. and spectacled. that the bad luck regarding specimens began to turn. another had risen violently. and run amuck in a shocking way before it could be placed behind asylum bars. but West looked scarcely a day older now — he was small. till finally West disappeared under frightful circumstances. unnatural. One thing had uttered a nerve-shattering scream. of our monsters still lived — that thought haunted us shadowingly. There was hope that this second and artificial life might be made perpetual by repetitions of the injection. West was more avid than I. We could not get bodies fresh enough to shew any trace of reason when reanimated. I had been on a long visit to my parents in Illinois. He had. clean-shaven. but genuinely dead. and was not surprised that it had turned out well. That was seven years before. had clawed out of its shallow grave and done a deed — West had had to shoot that object. but until he explained the details I was rather puzzled as to how such a 187 . our fears were subordinate to our anxiety for extremely fresh specimens. so that it almost seemed to me that he looked half-covetously at any very healthy living physique. It was disturbing to think that one. and human because we found that the solution had to be compounded differently for different types of organisms. blond. Our experiences had often been hideous in the extreme. 1910. but their trail was a blind one. when lumps of graveyard clay had been galvanised into morbid. and upon my return found West in a state of singular elation. I had known that he was working on a new and highly unusual embalming compound. The awesome quest had begun when West and I were students at the Miskatonic University Medical School in Arkham.brain structure. beaten us both to unconsciousness. in all likelihood solved the problem of freshness through an approach from an entirely new angle — that of artificial preservation. But at the time of the scream in the cellar laboratory of the isolated Bolton cottage. West had never fully succeeded because he had never been able to secure a corpse sufficiently fresh. Scores of rabbits and guinea-pigs had been killed and treated. so had perforce created nameless horrors.

living creature.compound could help in our work. The matter of the presumably weak heart. The experiment would be a landmark in our studies. so that both might share the spectacle in accustomed fashion. a well-dressed stranger just off the train on his way to transact some business with the Bolton Worsted Mills. and trusting to fate to supply again some very recent and unburied corpse. since the objectionable staleness of the specimens was largely due to delay occurring before we secured them. and had suddenly dropped dead only a moment later. Forbidding me to touch the body. The body. creating his embalming compound for future rather than immediate use. So on the night of July 18. If. and by the time the traveller paused at our cottage to ask the way to the factories. no one would know of our experiment. since it could have no effect if any of the original vitality were present. 1910. for as I stared fascinatedly at the sturdy frame which had lain two weeks without stiffening. In his brief conversation the stranger had made it clear that he was unknown in Bolton. and a search of his pockets subsequently revealed him to be one Robert Leavitt of St. I was impressed by the vast intricacy of the new experiment. our fame would be brilliantly and perpetually established. I now saw. The walk through the town had been long. Louis. He hoped at last to obtain what he had never obtained before — a rekindled spark of reason and perhaps a normal. This. At last fate had been kind. If this man could not be restored to life. West told me how he had obtained the specimen. As West proceeded to take preliminary steps. and whether we could hope for a revival of mind and reason. Herbert West and I stood in the cellar laboratory and gazed at a white. The embalming compound had worked uncannily well. he could be restored. He had refused a stimulant. We buried our materials in a dense strip of woods between the house and the potter’s field. I was moved to seek West’s assurance that the thing was really dead. West had clearly recognised. This assurance he gave readily enough. West did not venture to predict. on the other hand. as might be expected. which to my mind imperilled the success of our experiment. so that on this occasion there lay in the secret cellar laboratory a corpse whose decay could not by any possibility have begun. apparently without a family to make instant inquiries about his disappearance. he first injected a drug in the wrist just beside the place his needle had punctured when injecting 188 . an intricacy so vast that he could trust no hand less delicate than his own. did not appear to trouble West extensively. seemed to West a heaven-sent gift. What would happen on reanimation. reminding me that the reanimating solution was never used without careful tests as to life. So without delay West had injected into the body’s wrist the compound which would hold it fresh for use after my arrival. his heart had become greatly overtaxed. silent figure beneath the dazzling arc-light. as it had years before when we obtained the negro killed in the Bolton prize-fight. and he had saved the new body for my return. It had been a vigorous man.

and spread out under the curiously ample stubble of sandy beard. who had his hand on the pulse of the left wrist. and almost simultaneously a mist appeared on the mirror inclined above the body’s mouth. not withdrawing it until the corpse appeared quiet and ready for our attempt at reanimation. calm. but still unintelligent and not even curious. as I say. was: “Where have you been?” I do not yet know whether I was answered or not. but I think the last one. consequently he looked for no revelation of hideous secrets from gulfs and caverns beyond death’s barrier. West. for no sound came from the well-shaped mouth. The pale enthusiast now applied some last perfunctory tests for absolute lifelessness. and alive. when our feats were new and groping. breathless suspense with which we waited for results on this first really fresh specimen — the first we could reasonably expect to open its lips in rational speech. and then an audible breathing and visible motion of the chest. inhuman shriek we heard on the night we tried our first experiment in the deserted farmhouse at Arkham. shewing eyes which were grey. so that I could not help eyeing the corpse with a certain amount of awe and terrible expectation. West was a materialist. and that for the first time a reanimated corpse had uttered distinct words impelled by actual reason. believing in no soul and attributing all the working of consciousness to bodily phenomena. Subsequent terror drove them from my mind. prepared during the afternoon with a greater care than we had used since college days. I did not wholly disagree with him theoretically. I was elated with the conviction that the one great goal had been attained. Very little time had elapsed before I saw the attempt was not to be a total failure. when a change and a gentle tremor seemed to affect the dead limbs. perhaps to tell of what it had seen beyond the unfathomable abyss. questions of other worlds of which the memory might still be present. There followed a few spasmodic muscular motions. Slightly later. Then the lids opened. was to neutralise the compound and release the system to a normal relaxation so that the reanimating solution might freely work when injected. Besides — I could not extract from my memory that hideous. he said. yet held vague instinctive remnants of the primitive faith of my forefathers. West stuffed a pillow-like object violently over the twitching face. and thought I detected a quivering. suddenly nodded significantly. withdrew satisfied. forming syllables which I would have vocalised as “only now” if that phrase had possessed any sense or relevancy.the embalming compound. I looked at the closed eyelids. and finally injected into the left arm an accurately measured amount of the vital elixir. which I repeated. In the 189 . but I do know that at that moment I firmly thought the thin lips moved silently. I cannot express the wild. This. A touch of colour came to cheeks hitherto chalk-white. In a moment of fantastic whim I whispered questions to the reddening ears. At that moment.

the unnatural. Herbert West. 1. Dr. slight. For that very fresh body. not mentioned in print. Many men have related hideous things. the unbelievable horror from the shadows. West was avid to serve in battle. There were reasons why I could have been glad to let the war separate us. The Horror From the Shadows Published June 1922 in Home Brew Vol. screamed out the cry that will ring eternally in my aching brain: “Help! Keep off. he carried me with him almost against my will. When I say that Dr. while still others have made me tremble and look behind me in the dark. Dr. but of the deed that I had witnessed and of the man with whom my professional fortunes were joined. its full mission of restoring rational and articulate life to the dead. blond.next moment there was no doubt about the triumph. blue-eyed. I do not mean to imply that he was either naturally warlike or anxious for the safety of civilisation. 45-50. I had not entered the army on my own initiative. threw out its frantic hands in a life and death struggle with the air. yet despite the worst of them I believe I can myself relate the most hideous thing of all — the shocking. and when the chance had come. one of many Americans to precede the government itself into the gigantic struggle. p. at least temporarily. No. but rather as a natural result of the enlistment of the man whose indispensable assistant I was — the celebrated Boston surgical specialist. no doubt that the solution had truly accomplished. at last writhing into full and terrifying consciousness with eyes dilated at the memory of its last scene on earth. you cursed little tow-head fiend — keep that damned needle away from me!” V. Always an ice-cold intellectual machine. and spectacled. But in that triumph there came to me the greatest of all horrors — not horror of the thing that spoke. reasons why I found the practice of medicine and the companionship of West more and more irritating. I could not resist the imperious persuasion of one determined that I should accompany him in my usual capacity. but when he had gone to Ottawa and through a colleague’s influence secured a medical commission as Major. which happened on the battlefields of the Great War. West had been avid for a chance to serve as surgeon in a great war. 5. In 1915 I was a physician with the rank of First Lieutenant in a Canadian regiment in Flanders. and suddenly collapsing into a second and final dissolution from which there could be no return. I think 190 . others have convulsed me with devastating nausea. Some of these things have made me faint.

my attitude toward him had been largely one of fascinated admiration. What he wanted was not a thing which many persons want. had completely hardened him. There was. something he wanted in embattled Flanders. however. West had soon learned that absolute freshness was the prime requisite for useful specimens. It was in those college days that he had begun his terrible experiments. but something connected with the peculiar branch of medical science which he had chosen quite clandestinely to follow. He had had much trouble in discovering the proper formula. but as his boldness in methods grew. for each type of organism was found to need a stimulus especially adapted to it. nothing more or less than an abundant supply of freshly killed men in every stage of dismemberment. I began to develop a gnawing fear. I was held to him by sheer force of fear. he 191 . and in which he had achieved amazing and occasionally hideous results. who had been his closest friend and sole assistant since the old days in Miskatonic University Medical School at Arkham. and witnessed sights that no human tongue could repeat. first on small animals and then on human bodies shockingly obtained. Gradually I came to find Herbert West himself more horrible than anything he did — that was when it dawned on me that his once normal scientific zeal for prolonging life had subtly degenerated into a mere morbid and ghoulish curiosity and secret sense of charnel picturesqueness. and in order to secure it had had to assume a military exterior. Of his methods in the intervening five years I dare not speak. obtained at such a loathsome cost. His interest became a hellish and perverse addiction to the repellently and fiendishly abnormal. There was a solution which he injected into the veins of dead things. That was the first time he had ever been able to revive the quality of rational thought in a corpse. Terror stalked him when he reflected on his partial failures. and then there came a nightmarish session in the cellar laboratory when I learned that a certain specimen had been a living body when he secured it. It was. I did not like the way he looked at healthy living bodies. nameless things resulting from imperfect solutions or from bodies insufficiently fresh. and during our early practice together in the factory town of Bolton. This work was not known to the fashionable clientele who had so swiftly built up his fame after his arrival in Boston. and his success. A certain number of these failures had remained alive — one was in an asylum while others had vanished — and as he thought of conceivable yet virtually impossible eventualities he often shivered beneath his usual stolidity. but was only too well known to me. In college. Herbert West needed fresh bodies because his life-work was the reanimation of the dead. and if they were fresh enough they responded in strange ways.he secretly sneered at my occasional martial enthusiasms and censures of supine neutrality. and had accordingly resorted to frightful and unnatural expedients in body-snatching. in fact.

Dr. West employed much of the reptile embryo tissue which he had cultivated with such singular results. Among these sounds were frequent revolvershots — surely not uncommon on a battlefield. which multiplied and grew puffily and hideously. requiring many explanations of sounds which seemed peculiar even amidst that babel of the damned. he became. a fastidious Baudelaire of physical experiment — a languid Elagabalus of the tombs. The phantasmal. assigned him on his plea that he was devising new and radical methods for the treatment of hitherto hopeless cases of maiming. whether any amount of consciousness and rational action be possible without the brain. whether any kind of ethereal. West’s reanimated specimens were not meant for long existence or a large audience. West had a private laboratory in an east room of the barn-like temporary edifice. crimes he committed unmoved. Two biological points he was exceedingly anxious to settle — first. behind his pallid intellectuality. 1915. unmentionable thing occurred one midnight late in March. All this research work required a prodigious supply of freshly slaughtered human flesh — and that was why Herbert West had entered the Great War. I wonder even now if it could have been other than a daemoniac dream of delirium. and had sought new worlds to conquer by experimenting on the reanimation of detached parts of bodies. There he worked like a butcher in the midst of his gory wares — I could never get used to the levity with which he handled and classified certain things. proceeding from the spinal cord and various nervecentres. On the night of which I speak we had a splendid new specimen — a man at once physically powerful and of such high mentality that a sensitive nervous system 192 . artificially nourished tissue obtained from the nearly hatched eggs of an indescribable tropical reptile. over a queer incubating burner. In a dark corner of the laboratory. It was better than human material for maintaining life in organless fragments. he kept a large covered vat full of this reptilian cell-matter. Dangers he met unflinchingly. Besides human tissue. but distinctly uncommon in an hospital. intangible relation distinct from the material cells may exist to link the surgically separated parts of what has previously been a single living organism.gloated calmly over artificial monstrosities which would make most healthy men drop dead from fright and disgust. and achieved some hideous preliminary results in the form of neverdying. in a field hospital behind the lines of St. At times he actually did perform marvels of surgery for the soldiers. and second. and that was now my friend’s chief activity. He had wild and original ideas on the independent vital properties of organic cells and nerve-tissue separated from natural physiological systems. Eloi. but his chief delights were of a less public and philanthropic kind. I think the climax came when he had proved his point that rational life can be restored.

.S.was assured. had a splendid nervous system. and proceeded to treat the decapitated body on the operating table. each section more or less complete in itself. He was ready. the legs drew up. and personality can exist independently of the brain — that man has no central connective spirit. only to be shot down when directly over his destination. It was rather ironic. Hill was unrecognisable afterward. Eloi sector when news of the heavy fighting reached headquarters.O. Ronald Hill. In one triumphant demonstration West was about to relegate the mystery of life to the category of myth. was the greatest surgeon in our division. I knew what he wanted — to see if this highly organised body could exhibit. and I shuddered when he finished severing the head. and as a few twitching motions began to appear. D. He injected new blood. he had in the past secretly studied the theory of reanimation to some extent under West. bubbling. I could see the feverish interest on West’s face. reason. arteries. The fall had been spectacular and awful. with blood and lesser human debris almost ankle-deep on the slimy floor. 193 . Once a student of reanimation. West had greedily seized the lifeless thing which had once been his friend and fellow-scholar. but is merely a machine of nervous matter. and closed the ghastly aperture with engrafted skin from an unidentified specimen which had borne an officer’s uniform. the struggle to get free of the falling aeroplane. and nerves at the headless neck. and baking over a winking bluish-green spectre of dim flame in a far corner of black shadows. to see proof of his increasingly strong opinion that consciousness. and beneath our avid eyes commenced to heave in a frightful way. The arms stirred disquietingly. Certainly. I think. Major Sir Eric Moreland Clapham-Lee. and had been hastily assigned to the St. I can still see Herbert West under the sinister electric light as he injected his reanimating solution into the arm of the headless body. joined certain veins. and various muscles contracted in a repulsive kind of writhing. and who was now to have been our associate. any of the signs of mental life which had distinguished Sir Eric Moreland Clapham-Lee. this silent trunk was now gruesomely called upon to exemplify it. and with hideous reptilian abnormalities sprouting. as West repeatedly observed. The body now twitched more vigorously. without its head. Moreover. Then the headless thing threw out its arms in a gesture which was unmistakably one of desperation — an intelligent desperation apparently sufficient to prove every theory of Herbert West. He had come in an aeroplane piloted by the intrepid Lieut. the nerves were recalling the man’s last act in life. The scene I cannot describe — I should faint if I tried it. for he was the officer who had helped West to his commission. but the wreck yielded up the great surgeon in a nearly decapitated but otherwise intact condition. The specimen. placed it in his hellish vat of pulpy reptile-tissue to preserve it for future experiments. for there is madness in a room full of classified charnel things. Much was expected of it.

would restore life. This need for very fresh corpses had been West’s moral undoing. For it had come from the large covered vat in that ghoulish corner of crawling black shadows. And yet its timbre was not the most awful thing about it. and perhaps suspected graver things. I should not call that sound a voice. for in order to reawaken the mind it was necessary to have specimens so absolutely fresh that no decay could possibly affect the delicate brain. injected into the veins of the newly deceased. for God’s sake. No. They knew. that West had been connected with activities beyond the credence of ordinary men. The hideous occurrence itself was very simple. but that West waked to a blind. They were hard to get. These were the usual results. but there were times when he could not. the Boston police questioned me closely. notable only for what it implied. The Tomb-Legions Published July 1922 in Home Brew Vol. p. 57-62. Neither was its message — it had merely screamed. a labour demanding an abundance of fresh corpses and therefore involving the most unnatural actions. Still more shocking were the products of some of the experiments — grisly masses of flesh that had been dead. It may have been wholly an hallucination from the shock caused at that instant by the sudden and complete destruction of the building in a cataclysm of German shell-fire — who can gainsay it. in medical school. Ronald. and we had heard a sound. VI. The body on the table had risen with a blind and terrible groping. for it was too awful.cells. brainless. for his hideous experiments in the reanimation of dead bodies had long been too extensive to admit of perfect secrecy. since West and I were the only proved survivors? West liked to think that before his recent disappearance. indeed. They suspected that I was holding something back. He had slowly tried to perfect a solution which. but the final soul-shattering catastrophe held elements of daemoniac phantasy which make even me doubt the reality of what I saw. I shall never positively know. “Jump. jump!” The awful thing was its source. 1. We had met years before. When Dr. but I could not tell them the truth because they would not have believed it. Herbert West disappeared a year ago. I was West’s closest friend and only confidential assistant. nauseous ammation. 6. and from the first I had shared his terrible researches.What followed. and one awful day he had secured his specimen while it was still alive and 194 . for it was queer that we both had the same hallucination.

many of the experiments could not even be hinted at in print. but a few times he had not been quick enough. in the midst of a severe battle. for his abominable pursuits entailed a life of furtiveness and dread of every shadow..vigorous. The shell had been merciful. so that the possibilities of quasi-intelligent life in the trunk might be investigated. and. through which both of us served as surgeons. In saying that West’s fear of his specimens was nebulous. West. but sometimes his nervousness was deeper and more nebulous. we were both sickeningly sure that articulate sounds had come from the detached head as it lay in a shadowy corner of the laboratory. Just as the building was wiped out by a German shell. The Great War. Then there was a more subtle fear — a very fantastic sensation resulting from a curious experiment in the Canadian army in 1915.O. but they noticed my fear. that we 195 . Part of it came merely from knowing of the existence of such nameless monsters. was more afraid than I. West knew the whereabouts of only one. West. The trunk had moved intelligently. D. the pitiful asylum thing. Toward the last I became acutely afraid of West. but West had emerged with a soul calloused and seared. and a powerful alkaloid had transformed it to a very fresh corpse.S. There was also that Arkham professor’s body which had done cannibal things before it had been captured and thrust unidentified into a madhouse cell at Sefton. there had been a success. and a hardened eye which sometimes glanced with a kind of hideous and calculating appraisal at men of especially sensitive brain and especially vigorous physique. and from which he had not seen that life depart. a fellow-physician who knew about his experiments and could have duplicated them. There was that first specimen on whose rifled grave marks of clawing were later seen. unbelievable to relate. The head had been removed. in a way — but West could never feel as certain as he wished. for he began to look at me that way. People did not seem to notice his glances. had intensified this side of West. It had become fiendishly disgusting by the time he disappeared. while another part arose from apprehension of the bodily harm they might under certain circumstances do him. and after his disappearance used that as a basis for some absurd suspicions. had reanimated Major Sir Eric Moreland Clapham-Lee. and he had spent his chief skill in vitalising not entire human bodies but isolated parts of bodies. A struggle. where it beat the walls for sixteen years. or parts joined to organic matter other than human. I have in mind particularly its complex nature. touching on certain indescribable things into which he had injected a morbid life. in reality. Partly it was the police he feared. a needle. He usually finished his experiments with a revolver. Their disappearance added horror to the situation — of them all. Most of the other possibly surviving results were things less easy to speak of — for in later years West’s scientific zeal had degenerated to an unhealthy and fantastic mania. and the experiment had succeeded for a brief and memorable moment.

During the excavation of this cellar the workmen had struck some exceedingly ancient masonry. and yellow-haired.grounds in Boston. After a number of calculations West decided that it represented some secret chamber beneath the tomb of the Averills. slight. A strange headline item had struck at him from the crumpled pages. stunning the neighbourhood and baffling the police. with spectacled blue eyes and a general aspect of youth which years and fears seemed never to change. where the last interment had been made in 1768. Some nameless accident had befallen this man. The end of Herbert West began one evening in our joint study when he was dividing his curious glance between the newspaper and me. I was with him when he studied the nitrous. as might remain from the morbid experiments and unhallowed amusements of the owner. West’s last quarters were in a venerable house of much elegance. The laboratory was in a sub-cellar secretly constructed by imported workmen. since most of the interments were of the colonial period and therefore of little use to a scientist seeking very fresh bodies. In the small hours of the morning a body of silent men had entered the grounds. and he betrayed his degenerating fibre by ordering the masonry left intact and plastered over. or fragments and synthetic mockeries of bodies. undoubtedly connected with the old burying-ground. His expressionless face was handsome to the point of radiant beauty. Thus it remained till that final hellish night. and was prepared for the gruesome thrill which would attend the uncovering of centuried grave-secrets. and their leader had aroused the attendants. but had shocked the superintendent when the hall light fell on it — for it was a wax face with eyes of painted glass. overlooking one of the oldest burying. part of the walls of the secret laboratory. dripping walls laid bare by the spades and mattocks of the men. a repellent hulk whose bluish face seemed half eaten away by some unknown malady. The speaker had asked for the custody of 196 . He seemed calm even when he thought of that clawed grave and looked over his shoulder. but for the first time West’s new timidity conquered his natural curiosity. I speak of West’s decadence. but must add that it was a purely mental and intangible thing. He was a menacing military figure who talked without moving his lips and whose voice seemed almost ventriloquially connected with an immense black case he carried. and contained a huge incinerator for the quiet and complete disposal of such bodies. He used to make shuddering conjectures about the possible actions of a headless physician with the power of reanimating the dead. Outwardly he was the same to the last — calm. A larger man guided his steps. Something fearsome and incredible had happened at Sefton Asylum fifty miles away. and a nameless titan claw had seemed to reach down through sixteen years.two were the only survivors. yet far too deep to correspond with any known sepulchre therein. even when he thought of the carnivorous thing that gnawed and pawed at Sefton bars. He had chosen the place for purely symbolic and fantastically aesthetic reasons. cold.

I was going to run. All the servants were asleep in the attic. but just then the electric lights went out and I saw outlined against some phosphorescence of the nether world a horde of silent toiling things which only insanity — or worse — could create. and as I watched them go I had an odd idea that they were turning toward the ancient cemetery on which the back of the house abutted. from the centuried wall. The fiends had beaten.” Six years before. By the time help could be summoned. As I have told the police. “From Eric Moreland Clapham-Lee. A sort of mad-eyed 197 . They were removing the stones quietly. in Flanders. Nor did any sound come from the box. Clapham-Lee. and started the electricity. and upon being refused. and upon the detached head which — perhaps — had uttered articulate sounds. “It’s the finish — but let’s incinerate — this. there was no wagon in the street. I do not remember many particulars — you can imagine my state of mind — but it is a vicious lie to say it was Herbert West’s body which I put into the incinerator. West was not even excited now. and bore West’s correct name and present address. led by a talking thing with a beautiful head made of wax. His condition was more ghastly. There was no sound. a shelled hospital had fallen upon the headless reanimated trunk of Dr. and smelled the charnel bowels of a putrescent earth. From the hour of reading this item until midmght. fractionally human. after all. Quickly he said. semi-human. It was West who first noticed the falling plaster on that part of the wall where the ancient tomb masonry had been covered up. It also bore the inscription. and bitten every attendant who did not flee.” They filed out of the house with a jerky tread. Then I saw a small black aperture. When I slammed the door after them West came downstairs and looked at the box. but only a group of strange-looking figures bearing a large square box which they deposited in the hallway after one of them had grunted in a highly unnatural voice. startling him fearfully. Their outlines were human. Eloi. It was about two feet square. one by one. Those victims who could recall the event without hysteria swore that the creatures had acted less like men than like unthinkable automata guided by the wax-faced leader. trampled. gave a signal which precipitated a shocking riot.the cannibal monster committed from Arkham sixteen years before. “Express — prepaid. killing four and finally succeeding in the liberation of the monster. as the breach became large enough. Flanders. and not human at all — the horde was grotesquely heterogeneous. closed the door. At midnight the doorbell rang. they came out into the laboratory in single file. felt a ghoulish wind of ice.” We carried the thing down to the laboratory — listening. every trace of the men and of their mad charge had vanished. And then. We both inserted the whole unopened wooden box. but he stopped me. so I answered the bell. West sat almost paralysed. St.

But I might not be mad if those accursed tomb. visible emotion. and they pointed to the unbroken plaster wall and laughed. They imply that I am either a madman or a murderer — probably I am mad. So I told them no more. who wore a Canadian officer’s uniform.legions had not been so silent. The incinerator contained only unidentifiable ashes. Then they all sprang at him and tore him to pieces before my eyes. I told them of the vault. West was gone. not that. whose existence they deny. West did not resist or utter a sound.monstrosity behind the leader seized on Herbert West. 198 . West’s head was carried off by the wax-headed leader. As it disappeared I saw that the blue eyes behind the spectacles were hideously blazing with their first touch of frantic. but what can I say? The Sefton tragedy they will not connect with West. Detectives have questioned me. Servants found me unconscious in the morning. bearing the fragments away into that subterranean vault of fabulous abominations. nor the men with the box.

but vainly sought. where he was the center of a crowd of the vulgarly curious. Apropos of sleep. with all the ardor of a sculptor. Afterward I found that his voice was music . that sinister adventure of all our nights. We talked often in the night.Baudelaire May the merciful gods. His brow was white as the marble of Pentelicus. Fool that I was to plunge with such unsanctioned phrensy into mysteries no man was meant to penetrate. and wildly luminous black eyes I knew he would be thenceforth my only friend . guard those hours when no power of the will. Death is merciful. peace rests nevermore.the only friend of one who had never possessed a friend before . having fallen in a kind of convulsion which imparted to his slight black-clad body a strange rigidity. can keep me from the chasm of sleep. that this man was a faun’s statue out of antique Hellas. and in the day. and touches of gray in the thick. for there were deep lines in the face. fool or god that he was . dug from a temple’s ruins and brought somehow to life in our stifling age only to feel the chill and pressure of devastating years. and he assented without speaking a word. And when he opened his immense.my only friend. if indeed there be such. for there is no return therefrom. So as I drove the crowd away I told him he must come home with me and be my teacher and leader in unfathomed mysteries. and who in the end passed into terrors which may yet be mine! We met. wan and hollow-cheeked. who led me and went before me. sunken. haggard and knowing. pages 1-3. in a railway station.the music of deep viols and of crystalline spheres. but oval and actually beautiful. but with him who has come back out of the nethermost chambers of night.Hypnos Written Mar 1922 Published May 1923 in The National Amateur.for I saw that such eyes must have looked fully upon the grandeur and the terror of realms beyond normal consciousness and reality. I think he was then approaching forty years of age. 45. and of a height and breadth almost god-like. realms which I had cherished in fancy. He was unconscious. No. when I chiseled 199 . 5. waving hair and small full beard which had once been of the deepest raven black. . Vol. we may say that men go to bed daily with an audacity that would be incomprehensible if we did not know that it is the result of ignorance of the danger. or drug that the cunning of man devises. I said to myself. I recall.

for in every period of revelation some part of our minds broke boldly away from all that is real and present. for time had become to us the merest illusion. since they held so slight a connection with anything of the world as living men conceive it. What I learned and saw in those hours of impious exploration can never be told for want of symbols or suggestions in any language. unlighted. golden from a strange light and frightful with its weird beauty. In these black and bodiless flights we were sometimes alone and sometimes together. and space. Wise men have interpreted dreams. sensations correlated with no impression which the nervous system of normal humanity is capable of receiving. its burning eyes.those rare dreams beyond dreams which come never to common men. The cosmos of our waking knowledge. touches it only as such a bubble may touch its sardonic source when sucked back by the jester’s whim. yet within them lay unbelievable elements of time and space .things which at bottom possess no distinct and definite existence. When we were together. Of our studies it is impossible to speak. But even that man with Oriental eyes has done no more than suspect. and with exotic drugs courted terrible and forbidden dreams in the tower studio chamber of the old manor-house in hoary Kent. time. Then we both tried together. born from such an universe as a bubble is born from the pipe of a jester. and fear-haunted abysses.inarticulateness. They were of that vaster and more appalling universe of dim entity and consciousness which lies deeper than matter. uncouth clouds of vapors. One man with Oriental eyes has said that all time and space are relative. and men have laughed. I know only that there must have been something very singular 200 . rushing aerially along shocking. Human utterance can best convey the general character of our experiences by calling them plungings or soarings. I could comprehend his presence despite the absence of form by a species of pictorial memory whereby his face appeared to me. and its shadowing hair and growth of beard. and occasionally tearing through certain well-marked and typical obstacles describable only as viscous. and my friend had tried and partly succeeded. I say this because from first to last our discoveries partook only of the nature of sensations. my friend was always far ahead. They were sensations. its anomalously youthful cheeks. and whose existence we suspect only in certain forms of sleep .busts of him and carved miniature heads in ivory to immortalize his different expressions. and the gods have laughed. I had wished and tried to do more than suspect. its Olympian brow. Among the agonies of these after days is that chief of torments . Men of learning suspect it little and ignore it mostly. Of the progress of time we kept no record. and but once or twice in the lifetime of imaginative men.

I can only say that I fainted. since we came at length to marvel why we did not grow old. My friend was vastly in advance as we plunged into this awesome ocean of virgin aether. and did not stir till he himself recovered and shook me in his phrensy for someone to keep away the horror and desolation.involved. too-youthful memory-face. 201 . Then. Our discourse was unholy.no god or daemon could have aspired to discoveries and conquest like those which we planned in whispers. I will hint . or what vistas of unvisitable hells gleamed for a second in black eyes crazed with fright. I felt. and always hideously ambitious . if such terms can be applied to analogous qualities in a nonmaterial sphere. Suddenly that face became dim and quickly disappeared.only hint . a sticky clammy mass. luminous. I cannot tell you how he shrieked. and which made me burn the paper and look affrightedly out of the window at the spangled night sky.that he had designs which involved the rulership of the visible universe and more. and may pitying heaven keep from my sight and sound another thing like that which took place before me. for I am no man of strength to risk the unmentionable spheres by which alone one might achieve success. I came to the end of the drug-dream and opened my physical eyes to the tower studio in whose opposite corner reclined the pallid and still unconscious form of my fellow dreamer. I shiver as I speak of them. and in a brief space I found myself projected against an obstacle which I could not penetrate.I swear . I had. and at length I felt that we had been borne to realms of greater remoteness than any we had previously known. yet which are now partly lost to my memory and partly incapable of presentation to others. and dare not be explicit. Perceptions of the most maddeningly untransmissible sort thronged upon us. though I will say that my friend once wrote on paper a wish which he dared not utter with his tongue. yet incalculably denser. There was a night when winds from unknown spaces whirled us irresistibly into limitless vacua beyond all thought and entity. designs whereby the earth and the stars would move at his command. perceptions of infinity which at the time convulsed us with joy. Anything my friend may have said or written to the contrary must be erroneous. I affirm . and I could see the sinister exultation on his floating. and the destinies of all living things be his. after a short interval. It was like the others. the form in the corner stirred.that I had no share in these extreme aspirations. Struggling anew. been halted by a barrier which my friend and leader had successfully passed. weirdly haggard and wildly beautiful as the moon shed gold-green light on his marble features. Viscous obstacles were clawed through in rapid succession.

In the autumn it would be in the northwest. Our freedom from long sleep was surprising. my friend who had been beyond the barrier warned me that we must never venture within those realms again. I soon learned from the unutterable fear which engulfed me whenever consciousness lapsed. and nervous overstrain. so that few assemblies of the young and gay were unknown to us. but mostly if in the small hours of morning. shaken. Awed. Our mode of life was now totally altered.his true name and origin never having passed his lips my friend now became frantic in his fear of solitude. or energy to fashion them even had I possessed them.That was the end of our voluntary searchings in the caverns of dream. In the summer it would be nearly overhead. he dared not tell me. when money ran low and drugs were hard to buy. but then I began to see that he must be looking at a special spot on the celestial vault whose position at different times corresponded to the direction of his glance . and if forced to this condition he would often glance furtively at the sky as if hunted by some monstrous thing therein. We now had a studio in London. but never discussing the days when we had sought to plumb the mysteries of the unreal world. That he was right. but he said from his wisdom that we must sleep as little as possible. We were aged and weak from our drugs. for seldom did we succumb more than an hour or two at a time to the shadow which had now grown so frightful a menace. Then came one January of fog and rain. and I had no means to purchase new materials. 202 . Our appearance and age seemed to excite in most cases a ridicule which I keenly resented. At night he would not be alone. whilst my friend aged with a rapidity almost shocking. What he had seen. dissipations. Only after two years did I connect this fear with anything in particular. His sole relief was obtained in revelry of the most general and boisterous sort. He did not always glance at the same place in the sky it seemed to be a different place at different times. My statues and ivory heads were all sold. Midwinter evenings seemed least dreadful to him. Especially was he afraid to be out of doors alone when the stars were shining. and portentous. In winter it would be in the east. It is hideous to see wrinkles form and hair whiten almost before one’s eyes. On spring evenings it would be low in the northeast. Heretofore a recluse so far as I know . even if drugs were necessary to keep us awake. and the thinning hair and beard of my friend had become snow-white. but which my friend considered a lesser evil than solitude. After each short and inevitable sleep I seemed older. never separating. nor would the company of a few persons calm him.a spot roughly marked by the constellation Corona Borealis.

and my morbid fancy found in this a new starting-point for idle wanderings. brainshattering fear than all the rest of heaven and earth has ever revealed to me. innermost and forbidden caverns of nightmare. from the northeast. calling.infinity . the ticking of our lone clock. droning. 203 . sinister breathing of my friend on the couch . the fancied ticking of our watches as they rested on the dressing-table. But it was not that distant whine which robbed me of my faculties and set upon my soul such a seal of fright as may never in life be removed. shuttered. luminous.and then my fancy reverted to the locale as I reflected that even now. worst of all. for that was not a striking clock . locked. not that which drew the shrieks and excited the convulsions which caused lodgers and police to break down the door. mocking. There dwelt in that ghastly and flexible face. pitch-black garret studio under the eaves with the rain beating down. and the thin.We suffered terribly. but what I saw. clamoring. liquid. and whose scintillant semicircle of stars must even now be glowing unseen through the measureless abysses of aether. I heard a clock strike somewhere . And as I looked. beyond the roof and the fog and the rain and the atmosphere. and deep-sunken eyes open in terror.not ours. for in that dark. the creaking of some swaying shutter in a remote part of the house. Corona Borealis. I can recall the scene now . Corona Borealis was rising in the northeast. and curtained room there appeared from the black northeast corner a shaft of horrible red-gold light .a rhythmical breathing which seemed to measure moments of supernal fear and agony for his spirit as it wandered in spheres forbidden. It was not what I heard. steady. and. teeming. The tension of my vigil became oppressive. bringing out in hideous duplication the luminous and strangely youthful memory-face as I had known it in dreams of abysmal space and unshackled time. unimagined. Clocks time . and rejuvenated in the blackness. and on a certain night my friend sank into a deep-breathing sleep from which I could not awaken him. which my friend had appeared to dread.space .the desolate. certain distant city noises muffled by fog and space. shadowed lips part as if for a scream too frightful to be uttered. the deep. as it shone bodiless.a low and damnably insistent whine from very far away. but which streamed only upon the recumbent head of the troubled sleeper. more of stark. when my friend had pushed behind the barrier to those secret. and a wild train of trivial impressions and associations thronged through my almost unhinged mind. All at once my feverishly sensitive ears seemed to detect a new and wholly distinct component in the soft medley of drug-magnified sounds . I beheld the head rise.a shaft which bore with it no glow to disperse the darkness. the black. and hideously remote.

saw for an instant what it saw. try as I might. smiling lips. for although it must have seen more than I did. The lodgers and police on that night soothed me. and the doctor administered something to quiet me. but as I followed the memory. Just what happened is unknown.face’s mad stare along that cursed shaft of light to its source. too. bald. nor could the still face tell. curved. a godlike head of such marble as only old Hellas could yield. as it was at twenty-five. adoring and praying to the object they found. it will never speak again. but upon the marble base is carven a single name in the letters of Attica .No word was spoken amidst the distant sound that grew nearer and nearer. the friend who led me on to madness and wreckage. and fell with ringing ears in that fit of shrieking epilepsy which brought the lodgers and the police.HYPNOS. philosophy. palsied. I. and with beauteous bearded face. and broken. petrified. drug-crazed. what it actually was that I saw. but what they found on the couch in the studio made them give me a praise which sickened me. It is all that remains of my friend. My stricken friend moved them to no pity. nor did anyone see what a nightmare event had taken place. Olympian brow. and against the mad ambitions of knowledge and philosophy. young with the youth that is outside time. 204 . and insanity had filled all my tragic life. and now a fame which I spurn in despair as I sit for hours. and point with ecstasy at the thing which the shining shaft of light left cold. gray-bearded. for not only was my own mind unseated by the strange and hideous thing. For they deny that I sold the last of my statuary. shriveled. but that art. Never could I tell. and dense locks waving and poppy-crowned. lord of sleep. I know not for what reason. They have said. But always I shall guard against the mocking and insatiate Hypnos. and unvocal. but others were tainted with a forgetfulness which can mean nothing if not madness. the source whence also the whining came. that I never had a friend. against the night sky. They say that that haunting memory-face is modeled from my own.

wherein all the significant undercurrents of Graeco-Roman expression were crystallised once for all . and in 516 he held the consulship together with Pompilius Numantius Bombastes Marcellinus Deodamnatus. The eminent critic and biographer was born in the year 486. giving the full name as Magnus Furius Camillus Aurelius Antoninus Flavius Anicius Petronius Valentinianus Aegidus Ibidus.long and pompous according to the custom of an age which had lost the trinomial simplicity of classic Roman nomenclature . and since his time Littlewit1 and Bêtenoir. Ibidus retired from public life to compose his celebrated work (whose pure Ciceronian style is as remarkable a case of classic atavism as is the verse of Claudius Claudianus.Ibid “…as Ibid says in his famous Lives of the Poets. of the great Anician family. “that he was the last whom Cato or Tully could have acknowledged for their countryman. we behold him as a teacher of rhetoric at Rome.” . for Von Schweinkopf. Upon the death of Theodoric in 526. Cit. even among those pretending to a degree of culture. Ibid’s masterpiece. though it is certain that he received his rhetorical and philosophical training in the schools of Athens . In 512. There is a false report . The erroneous idea that Ibid is the author of the Lives is so frequently met with. shortly after the extinction of the Roman rule in Gaul by Clovis.very commonly reproduced in modern books prior to Von Schweinkopf’s monumental Geschichte der Ostrogothen in Italien . under the benign rule of the Ostrogoth Theodoric.is stated by Von Schweinkopf3 to have been Caius Anicius Magnus Furius Camillus Aemilianus Cornelius Valerius Pompeius Julius Ibidus. though Littlewit4 rejects Aemilianus and adds Claudius Deciusfunianus.2 have shewn with irrefutable force that this strikingly isolated figure was a genuine Roman .From a student theme. that it is worth correcting. whilst Bêtenoir5 differs radically. The contrary cannot be too strongly emphasised. His full name . notwithstanding the surprisingly late date at which Ibid wrote.or at least as genuine a Roman as that degenerate and mongrelised age could produce . and traced his genealogy with much exactitude and self-satisfaction to all the heroes of the republic. was the famous Op. who flourished a century before Ibidus). D. but he was later 205 . It should be a matter of general knowledge that Cf. Rome and Ravenna are rivals for the honour of his birth. is responsible for this work.the extent of whose suppression by Theodosius a century before is grossly exaggerated by the superficial.that Ibid was a Romanised Visigoth of Ataulf’s horde who settled in Placentia about 410 A. on the other hand.” He was.and with admirable acuteness.of whom one might well say what Gibbon said of Boethius. like Boethius and nearly all the eminent men of his age.

Porto. upon Henry VII’s dissolution of the English monasteries). His remains. nephew of Theodoric. and Centumcellae. but being interred in the suburb of Classe.ward presenting it to his Saxon teacher Alcuin. indeed. who not long after traded it to Rest. did reverence to its osseous antiquity. declined to offer violence to a relic so venerable. Upon the usurpation of Vitiges. William the Conqueror. in Cappadocia. whose delight it was to trace his ancestry to old Rome notwithstanding his birth at Arabiscus. secured the adoption of his work as a textbook in the schools of the empire. but the coming of the Byzantine-Roman army under Belisarius soon restored him to liberty and honours. 206 . were exhumed and ridiculed by the Lombard Duke of Spoleto.recalled to scenes of pomp to act as court rhetorician for Theodatus. that Pope Leo administered the royal unction which made of the hero-nomad a Holy Roman Emperor. A. since he passed away peacefully at his home near the church of St. and even the rough soldiers of Cromwell. in the poet’s 101st year. It was captured by the private soldier Read-’em-and-Weep Hopkins. Upon the capture of Pavia by Charlemagne in 774. the skull was seized from the tottering Desiderius and carried in the train of the Frankish conqueror. and contributed much to his immortality especially Maurice. in the 102nd year of his age. where he received every mark of imperial favour both from Justinianus and Justinus the Second. Charlemagne took Ibid’s skull to his capital at Aix. finding it in an abbey niche where the pious family of Alcuin had placed it (believing it to be the skull of a saint6 who had miraculously annihilated the Lombards by his prayers). The Emperors Tiberius and Maurice did kindly honour to his old age. D. Ibidus was chosen to accompany the learned Bishop Datius to Greece. were taken to Ravenna for interment. an honour which proved a fatal tax on the aged rhetorician’s emotions. After the Frankish siege of Milan. who took his skull to King Autharis for use as a wassail-bowl.in-Jehovah Stubbs for a quid of new Virginia weed. and resided with him at Corinth in the year 539. notwithstanding the troubled state of Italy. Ibid’s skull was proudly handed down from king to king of the Lombard line. It was from this vessel. upon destroying Ballylough Abbey in Ireland in 1650 (it having been secretly transported thither by a devout Papist in 1539. and afterward followed the eagles of Belisarius to Alba. It was Maurice who. Throughout the siege of Rome he served bravely in the army of the defenders. Ibidus fell into disgrace and was for a time imprisoned. 587. About 541 he removed to Constantinopolis. upon whose death in 804 it was sent to Alcuin’s kinsfolk in England. soon after. Sophia on the sixth day before the Kalends of September.

207 . he had not been wholly unaffected by the Restoration influence. founder of the trading post at Green Bay. fired with virtuous rage at the possession of this holy symbol by a Protestant. being traded to settlements at the head of Lake Winnebago.Stubbs. however. but the austere head of Ibid continued on its wanderings. who took the skull . sent it as a symbol of alliance to a faction of the Pequots in Connecticut with whom he was negotiating. for he abhorred all that was Popish . The Pequots. the relic was stolen in 1683 by a French trader. De Langlade regarded this sacred object with proper veneration and ransomed it at the expense of many glass beads. he having recognised its value from the half-effaced inscription carved in Lombardic minuscules (palaeography. Ibid’s . was one of the leading accomplishments of New-Netherland fur-traders of the seventeenth century). and the astute sachem. recognising it at once as a thing of singular venerableness and dignity. yet after his time it found itself in many other hands. enfeebled by a previous war. sad to say. a visiting freeman of Providence. Wisconsin. lost the skull to one Epenetus Dexter.or rather Brother Ibid’s. and it was found outside the chief’s tepee a generation later by Charles de Langlade. Upon landing in Salem Zerubbabel set it up in his cupboard beside the chimney. and finally. on the occasion of Canonchet’s raid of March 30. it might be explained.to add to a collection of similar but more recent material. 1676. being robbed and slain by the half-breed voyageur Michel Savard. early in the nineteenth century.skull as a talisman. at the new trading post of Milwaukee on the Menominee River and the shore of Lake Michigan. Grenier. secured the distinguished cranium for the modest sum of two guilders. and having become addicted to gaming. to tribes around Lake Mendota. Petrus van Schaack. On April 4 he was captured by the colonists and soon after executed. whose Popish zeal recognised the features of one whom he had been taught at his mother’s knee to revere as St. crushed van Schaack’s head one night with an axe and escaped to the north with his booty. could give the now stricken Narragansetts no assistance. and in 1680 a Dutch furtrader of Albany. soon. in the northern part of the town near the present intersection of North Main and Olney Streets. It was in the house of Dexter. to one Solomon Juneau. Upon his death in 1701 his half-breed son Pierre traded it among other things to some emissaries of the Sacs and Foxes. a Frenchman. Jean Grenier. gave him St. From van Schaack. Ibide. However. during King Philip’s War. he having built a modest house near the town pump. upon sending forth his son Zerubbabel to seek his fortune in New England in 1661 (for he thought ill of the Restoration atmosphere for a pious young yeoman).despite the illiteracy which prevented his recognising it .

consul of Rome. 3Following Procopius. he suffered it to roll from his front stoop to the prairie path before his home . 208 . 2 Influences Romains clans le Moyen Age (Fond du Lac. under the spell of its contents. who saw in it a deity sent from the upper world. and more . it passed beyond his power of discovery or recovery upon his awaking. convulsed with a spiritual ecstasy. hidden for years. 6Not till the appearance of von Schweinkopf’s work in 1797 were St. For there. 1877). Subterrene arcana. full in the rifted roadway. lie hidden beneath the soil of a growing town. favourite of emperors. lay bleached and tranquil in bland. Sewers came. x. 50-50.Later traded to Jacques Caboche.and at last one fateful night a titan thing occurred. 720. Vol. 4Following Jornandes. saintly. 598. Subtle Nature. it afterward fell into dire neglect as the race of simple. XX.z. artless burrowers succumbed before the onslaught of the conquering Aryan. 1869). p. 5After Pagi. another settler. being used by him as a beer-stein until one day. xxj. and saint of the Romish church. Vol. Houses went up 2303 of them.identified. falling into the burrow of a prairie-dog. At first worshipped with dark rites by the prairiedogs.where. it was in 1850 lost in a game of chess or poker to a newcomer named Hans Zimmerman. 4144. Codex Murat.and behold! In the roseal dawn the burghers of Milwaukee rose to find a former prairie turned to a highland! Vast and far-reaching was the great upheaval. p. and consular pomp the dome-like skull of Ibid! [Notes] 1 Rome and Byzantium: A Study in Survival (Waukesha. XV. Goth. but they passed by it. Ibid and the rhetorician properly re. like the froth of that region’s quondam beverage.y. came at last to the light. laid low the lofty and heaved high the humble . So for generations did the sainted skull of Caius Anicius Magnus Furius Camillus Aemilianus Cornelius Valerius Pompeius Julius Ibidus.

and has been avoided by me for several reasons. to keep my name a secret. I am averse to exploiting certain unmistakably actual facts and conditions obviously unknown to the myriad tourists who throng about the pyramids and apparently secreted with much diligence by the authorities at Cairo. bound for Port Said. The voyage was an agreeable one. undoubtedly gave rise to the culminating horror of that grotesque night so long past. who cannot be wholly ignorant of them.certainly did not take place. For one thing. Some of these have been trivial and irrelevant. who had heard vague rumors of it from other members of my family. The hitherto guarded subject pertains to my non-professional visit to Egypt fourteen years ago. I had intended. A liberal time being allowed for the trip. but is rather to be viewed as a result of my then recent readings in Egyptology. I had finished a professional engagement in England and signed a contract for a tour of Australian theatres. From that point I proposed to visit the principal historical localities of lower Egypt before leaving finally for Australia. Ever since the wide appearance of my name as a performer of unexplained feats.or thought I saw . and which I am now relating only after a session of grilling persuasion from the publishers of this magazine. but there is one of which I speak with great reluctance. I determined to make the most of it in the sort of travel which chiefly interests me. These imaginative stimuli. some deeply dramatic and absorbing. and of the speculations anent this theme which my environment naturally prompted. I dislike to recount an incident in which my own fantastic imagination must have played so great a part. magnified by the excitement of an actual event terrible enough in itself. For another thing. but was goaded into 209 . 1910. In January. and enlivened by many of the amusing incidents which befall a magical performer apart from his work.Imprisoned with the Pharaos Written in March of 1924 Published in May of 1924 in Weird Tales Mystery attracts mystery. Many of these matters I have told and shall continue to tell very freely. I have encountered strange narratives and events which my calling has led people to link with my interests and activities. some productive of weird and perilous experiences and some involving me in extensive scientific and historical research. What I saw . for the sake of quiet travel. so accompanied by my wife I drifted pleasantly down the Continent and embarked at Marseilles on the P & O Steamer Malwa.

But once more disappointment awaited us. Traveling to seek curiosities. I mention this because of its ultimate effect .an effect I should have foreseen before unmasking to a shipload of tourists about to scatter throughout the Nile valley. and amidst the perfect service of its restaurant. Then at last we saw Cairo glimmering through the growing dusk. I was often forced to stand inspection as a sort of curiosity myself! We had come to Egypt in search of the picturesque and the mystically impressive. the Bagdad of Harun-al-Rashid seemed to live again. later going to Alexandria for the Australian boat and for whatever Greco-Roman sights that ancient metropolis might present. After some discussion we decided to proceed at once to Cairo and the Pyramids. The next day. we had struck east past the Ezbekiyeh Gardens along the Mouski in quest of the native quarter. however. The railway journey was tolerable enough. What it did was to herald my identity wherever I subsequently went. but found little enough when the ship edged up to Port Said and discharged its passengers in small boats. and deprive my wife and me of all the placid inconspicuousness we had sought. Guided by our Baedeker. and were soon in the hands of a clamorous cicerone who notwith standing later developments . for all that we beheld was European save the costumes and the crowds. We saw much of the Suez Canal. 210 . made us anxious to get to something more worth our while. whose route we followed as far as Ismailiya and later had a taste of Old Egypt in our glimpse of the restored freshwater canal of the Middle Empire. a winkling constellation which became a blaze as we halted at the great Gare Centrale. and in the winding ways and exotic skyline of Cairo. and con sumed only four hours and a half. We stopped at Shepheard’s Hotel. bobbing buoys in shallow water. and trolley-cars and gorgeous with electric lights shining on tall buildings. taxicabs. whilst the very theatre where I was vainly requested to play and which I later attended as a spectator. and a drearily European small town with nothing of interest save the great De Lesseps statue. smartly built-up streets. elevators and generally Anglo-American luxuries the mysterious East and immemorial past seemed very far away.was assuredly a master at his trade. precipitated us delightfully into the heart of the Arabian Nights atmosphere. A prosaic subway led to a square teeming with carriages. had recently been renamed the ‘American Cosmograph’. Low dunes of sand. reached in a taxi that sped along broad.betraying myself by a fellow-magician whose anxiety to astound the passengers with ordinary tricks tempted me to duplicate and exceed his feats in a manner quite destructive of my incognito.

soothsayers and barbers. kaleidoscopes of polychrome robes. At length Abdul took us along the Sharia Mohammed Ali to the ancient mosque of Sultan Hassan. This man.dragoman. Abdul led us among such wonders as we had before only read and dreamed of. silks. peculiarly hollow-voiced and relatively cleanly fellow who looked like a Pharaoh and called himself ‘Abdul Reis el Drogman’ appeared to have much power over others of his kind. rugs. quieter bazaars were hardly less alluring. and beyond it . and brass . Spice. turbans. undulant and iridesc ent and evil with older arcana. incense beads.Not until afterward did I see that I should have applied at the hotel for a licensed guide. cracking whips. That was to be our climax.across the cryptic yellow Nile that is the mother of eons and dynasties . beyond which climbs the steep-walled pass to the mighty citadel that Saladin himself built with the stones of forgotten pyramids. The roofed. rattling carts.lurked the menacing sands of the Libyan Desert. 211 . jingling money. unchanging blue. its ethereal minarets and its flaming gardens.we saw them all. Old Cairo is itself a story-book and a dream . and braying donkeys. where Augustus stationed one of his three Egyptian legions. a shaven. though subsequently the police professed not to know him. and the sonorous chanting of muezzins from minarets limned delicately against a sky of deep. and for the present we concentrated on the mediaeval Saracenic glories of the Califs whose magnificent tomb-mosques form a glittering faery necropolis on the edge of the Arabian Desert. It was sunset when we scaled that cliff. maelstroms of Oriental traffic with strange cries. and tried not to let our Arabian revel succumb to the darker charm of Pharaonic Egypt which the museum’s priceless treasures offered.labyrinths of narrow alleys redolent of aromatic secrets. veils. And then the mosques and the museum . and to suggest that reis is merely a name for any person in authority. dogs and cats. water-carriers and dervishes.a Roman Corinthian. and tarbushes. and over all the whining of blind beggars crouched in alcoves. Arabesque balconies and oriels nearly meeting above the cobbled streets.old Mahmoud Suleiman squats cross-legged amidst his gummy bottles while chattering youths pulverize mustard in the hollowed-out capital of an ancient classic column . and looked down from the dizzy parapet over mystic Cairo . and the tower-flanked Babel-Azab. Antiquity begins to mingle with exoticism. perhaps from neighboring Heliopolis. whilst ‘Drogman’ is obviously no more than a clumsy modification of the word for a leader of tourist parties .mystic Cairo all golden with its carven domes. perfume. circled the modern mosque of Mohammed Ali. Far over the city towered the great Roman dome of the new museum.

himself mounting a donkey and assigning the leadership of our animals to a group of men and boys more expensive than useful. stands the monstrous Sphinx mute. cleaving the mists of dawn and forming inverted replicas in the roadside pools.the black Kem of Re and Amen. Forty centuries. seemed to have an understanding with the crowding.C. for he kept them very decently at bay and secured an excellent pair of camels for us. but we did not regret adding to our experience this troublesome form of desert navigation.. yelling and offensive Bedouins who inhabited a squalid mud village some distance away and pestiferously assailed every traveler. and the smaller English bridge to the western shore. Near the edge of the plateau and due east of the Second Pyramid. bringing the relentless chill of Egyptian dusk. and that we must taste the deeper mysteries of primal Egypt . looking even larger because set on higher ground. and as it stood poised on the world’s rim like that ancient god of Heliopolis . as Napoleon had told his campaigners there. with a face probably altered to form a colossal portrait of Khephren. turning inland along the Sharia-el-Haram. indeed looked down upon us. and wise beyond mankind and memory. The pyramids stand on a high rock plateau. Then we knew that we were done with Saracen Cairo. its royal restorer. which lay on the same side of the Nile. we crossed a region of glassy canals and shabby native villages till before us loomed the objects of our quest.The red sun sank low. the Horizon-Sun . somewhat south of Gizeh.we saw silhouetted against its vermeil holocaust the black outlines of the Pyramids of Gizeh . Down the shore road we drove. The road now rose abruptly. Isis and Osiris. In a line southwest from this are successively the Second Pyramid. and which flourished between 3400 and 2000 B. and stands more than 450 feet in perpendicular height.C. built about 2700 B. Then. and the radically smaller Third Pyramid of King Mycerinus. 212 . Abdul Reis. this group forming next to the northernmost of the series of regal and aristocratic cemeteries built in the neighborhood of the extinct capital Memphis. The area to be traversed was so small that camels were hardly needed. and though slightly smaller.C. built a generation later by King Khephren. where a new bridge to Cairo proper has since been built. which lies nearest the modern road. The greatest pyramid. was built by King Cheops or Khufu about 2800 B.ReHarakhte. The next morning we visited the Pyramids. sardonic. between great rows of lebbakhs and past the vast Zoological Gardens to the suburb of Gizeh. till we finally reached our place of transfer between the trolley station and the Mena House Hotel. riding out in a Victoria across the island of Chizereh with its massive lebbakh trees.the palaeogean tombs there were hoary with a thousand years when Tut-Ankh-Amen mounted his golden throne in distant Thebes. who capably purchased our Pyramid tickets.

like structures about the deep burial shafts. nearly buried in the drifting sands. and plunged south and east in a complete bend that scaled the rock plateau and brought us face to face with the desert under the lee of the Great Pyramid. a statue before which I stood in awe when I beheld it. to know what has developed in connection with a certain well in a transverse gallery where statues of the Pharaoh were found in curious juxtaposition to the statues of baboons. the greatest devoid of outer casing and showing its bulk of great stones. Very close loomed the three major pyramids. as found in other Memphian cemeteries and exemplified by Perneb’s Tomb in the Metropolitan Museum of New York. and only the rock-hewn shafts. Persistent tradition dubs it the ‘Temple of the Sphinx’. and the war or other things may have stopped them. yawns subterraneously south-east of the Sphinx. in view of my experience and of certain Bedouin whisperings discredited or unknown in Cairo. rounding the eastern face and looking down ahead into a valley of minor pyramids beyond which the eternal Nile glistened to the east. and connec ted by a causeway to a massive gate-chapel or propylon at the edge of the rock plateau. Connected with each tomb was a chapel in which priests and relatives offered food and prayer to the hovering ka or vital principle of the deceased. all such visible things have been swept away by time and pillage. but the mortuary chapels of the pyramids. and the eternal desert shimmered to the west. were separate temples. At Gizeb. where regal Pharaohs lay.but whatever its elder features were. and the whole plateau is pitted with the tombs of dignitaries of less than royal rank. The small tombs have their chapels contained in their stone mastabas or superstructures. with the entrance heavily barred at night. or stone bench. The road. but the others retaining here and there the neatly fitted covering which had made them smooth and finished in their day. There are unpleasant tales of the Sphinx before Khephren . remain to attest their former existence. post office. as we traversed it on our camels that morning. These latter were originally marked by mastabas. I would give much. It was in the great gateway-temple that the life-size diorite statue of Khephren now in the Cairo museum was found. either sand-filled or cleared out by archaeologists. but in 1910 most of it was below ground. each to the east of its corresponding pyramid.Minor pyramids and the traces of ruined minor pyramids are found in several places. drug store and shops on the left. the monarch replaced them with his own that men might look at the colossus without fear. Whether the whole edifice is now excavated I am not certain. Past Cyclopean masonry we rode. 213 . Germans were in charge of the work. and it may perhaps be rightly called such if the Sphinx indeed represents the Second Pyramid’s builder Khephren. however. The gate-chapel leading to the Second Pyramid. curved sharply past the wooden police quarters.

the rock tombs and the honeycombings of the Fourth and Fifth dynasties.depths connected with mysteries older than the dynastic Egypt we excavate. to depths none might dare hint at . though we did let Abdul take us up. and having a sinister relation to the persistence of abnormal. Again I was forced to silence through sheer awe.Presently we descended toward the Sphinx. thus obtaining a view of unprecedented magnificence which included not only remote and glittering Cairo with its crowned citadel back ground of gold-violet hills. animal-headed gods in the ancient Nilotic pantheon. which marks the evolution of the low mastaba into the true pyramid. we recalled what Thutmosis IV inscribed thereon. fifty yards to the southeast. They did not get this impetus. which I have previously mentioned as the great gate of the causeway to the Second Pyramid’s mortuary chapel on the plateau. but all the pyramids of the Memphian district as well. The prospect of 214 . where Bedouins were besieging a party of tourists with offers of speed in the performance of solitary trips up and down. I felt that Adul and the local German attendant had not shown us all there was to see. leading down. examining the Second Pyramid and the peculiar ruins of its mortuary chapel to the east. down. and made us wonder about the legends of subterranean pas sages beneath the monstrous creature. and we moved on to the sand-choked Temple of the Sphinx. Seven minutes is said to be the record for such an ascent and descent. for whose image the Sphinx was mistaken in a late dynasty. the Third Pyramid and its miniature southern satellites and ruined eastern chapel. showed clearly and alluringly in the sandy distance. It is close to this transition-monument that the famed :omb of Perneb was found more than four hundred miles orth of the Theban rock valley where Tut-AnkhAmen sleeps. Most of it was still underground. and although we dismounted and descended through a modern passageway to its alabaster corridor and pillared hall. Cries now assailed us from the Great Pyramid. Other tourists now began to overtake us. too. but many lusty sheiks and sons of sheiks assured us they could cut it to five if given the requisite impetus of liberal baksheesh. and the dream he had when a prince. The Sakkara step-pyramid. and the famous Campbell’s Tomb whose shadowy shaft sinks precipitously for fiftythree feet to a sinister sarcophagus which one of our camel drivers divested of the cumbering sand after a vertiginous descent by rope. After this we made the conventional circuit of the pyramid plateau. from Abu Roash on the north to the Dashur on the south. Then. and though sand covered the tablet between the great paws. It was then that the smile of the Sphinx vaguely displeased us. it was I asked myself in idle question whose hideous significance was not to appear for many an hour. and sat silent beneath the spell of those terrible unseeing eyes. On the vast stone breast we faintly discerned the emblem of Re-Harakhte.

and which any accident or evil design might block. Perhaps in the latter case it was the psychological effect which was feared . or perhaps he did not like the hollow and sepulchral resonance of Abdul’s voice. this whispering was largely baseless on the face of it. the exchange of ancestrally opprobrious language became very brisk. began to pull 215 . as I heard the stranger called when called by no worse name. but it was curious to reflect how persistently visitors were forbidden to enter the Pyramids at night. and before long Ali Ziz. The native crowds were thinning. passages whose entrances had been hastily blocked up and concealed by certain uncommunicative archaeologists who had found and begun to explore them. I wished to study the alleys and bazaars in the dusk. but were still very noisy and numerous when we came upon a knot of reveling Bedouins in the Suken-Nahhasin. Fatigued by our climb. and disgusted with the importunate Bedouins whose actions seemed to defy every rule of taste. Such fascinating things were whispered about lower pyramid pas sages not in the guide books. That evening. took some notice of us. in which he may only crawl. filled me with a reverence and sense of immensity nothing else ever gave me. For me this opportunity came much earlier than I expected. The whole subject seemed so weird and alluring that we resolved to pay the pyramid plateau another visit at the earliest possible opportun ity. or to visit the lowest burrows and crypt of the Great Pyramid. he resented that odd reproduction of the Sphinx’s half-smile which I had often remarked with amused irritation. and evidently recognized with no great friendliness my competent but admittedly supercilious and sneeringly disposed guide.such antiquity.the effect on the visitor of feeling himself huddled down beneath a gigantic world of solid masonry. Perhaps. an insolent youth with heavy features and saucily cocked tarbush. and the secrets each hoary monument seemed to hold and brood over. we half regretted the omission we had made. Of course. though we saw several of the hardiest tourists preparing for the suffocating crawl through Cheops’ mightiest memorial. Their apparent leader. Though I had seen it by day. joined to the life he has known by the merest tube. the members of our party feeling some what tired after the strenuous program of the day. As we dismissed and overpaid our local bodyguard and drove back to Cairo with Abdul Reis under the afternoon sun. I went alone with Abdul Reis for a walk through the picturesque Arab quarter. or bazaar of the coppersmiths. when rich shadows and mellow gleams of light would add to their glamor and fantastic illusion. we omitted the arduous detail of entering the cramped interior passages of any of the pyramids. I thought. At any rate.

Morgan. while the thought of the scene on that hoary pile overlooking the antediluvian plateau of Gizeh under the wan moon of the pallid small hours appealed to every fiber of imagination in me. It must have been over her that Thomas Moore was brooding when he wrote a thing muttered about by Memphian boatmen: 216 . long after the departure of the last moon light sightseer. proceeding by rounds in the most civilized possible fashion. succeeded at last in effecting a truce. Slightly over two hours were consumed by the trip. My interference.’ ‘J. toward the end of which we passed the last of the returning tourists. and drowned them by opening the water-gates? I recalled that the Arabs whisper things about Nitocris. In all this planning there was much which excited my interest. Shortly after nine our party. edged through street labyrinths both Oriental and Occidental. and shun the Third Pyramid at certain phases of the moon. and cantered philosophically between the lebbakhs on the road to Gizeh. so that all the rest of the early evening I accompanied him to various dens in the most lawless regions of the town . The fight itself promised to be unique and spectacular. who once invited all her enemies to a feast in a temple below the Nile. at first seemingly unwelcome on both sides. mounted on donkeys bearing such royal or touristreminiscent names as ‘Rameses.’ ‘Mark Twain.’ and ‘Minnehaha’. and with an assumption of dignity as profound as it was sudden. Each duelist was to assemble a party of seconds.where he gathered one by one a select and formidable band of congenial cutthroats as his pugilistic background. saluted the last inbound trolley-car.violently at Abdul’s robe. Then we saw the vast pyramids at the end of the avenue. ghoulish with a dim atavistical menace which I had not seemed to notice in the daytime. Sullenly each belligerent composed his wrath and his attire. Even the smallest of them held a hint of the ghastly -for was it not in this that they had buried Queen Nitocris alive in the Sixth Dynasty. A request found Abdul exceedingly willing to admit me to his party of seconds. and were alone with the night and the past and the spectral moon. and the affair was to begin at midnight. subtle Queen Nitocris. the two formed a curious pact of honor which I soon learned is a custom of great antiquity in Cairo .mostly northeast of the Ezbekiyeh . crossed the muddy and mast-forested Nile by the bridge of the bronze lions. P. an action quickly reciprocated and leading to a spirited scuffle in which both combatants lost their sacredly cherished headgear and would have reached an even direr condition had I not intervened and separated them by main force.a pact for the settle ment of their difference by means of a nocturnal fist fight atop the Great Pyramid.

It gradually dawned on me that the elder magic of Egypt did not depart without leaving traces. where filthy Bedouins stabled camels and donkeys in the rock tombs of Khephren’s courtiers. I found it difficult to realize that a quarrel had ever occurred. leaving a reasonably flat platform twelve yards square. Oddly enough. Ali Ziz and his party were ahead of us. might well have occurred at some minor athletic club in America. and having 217 . Abdul Reis offering me the assistance I did not need. I felt that some of our less -desirable institutions were not lacking. inefficient police might have observed and halted us. Suddenly something happened which in a flash proved the correctness of my reflections and made me curse the denseness whereby I had accepted this night’s events as other than the empty and malicious ‘frame-up’ they now showed themselves to be. for we saw their donkeys outlined against the desert plateau at Kafrel-Haram. Without warning. close to the Sphinx. but for the quality of the ringside cries. Here. toward which squalid Arab settlement. I myself seemed to be more a center of notice than the antagonists. I thought of how much my hollow-voiced guide Abdul Reis looked like an old Egyptian priest or Pharaoh or smiling Sphinx … and wondered. the entire band of Bedouins precipitated itself upon me. and despite my misgivings as to methods I felt a sort of proprietary pride when Abdul Reis was adjudged the winner. and amidst the singing. for every blow. feint. and that fragments of a strange secret lore and priestly cult practises have survived surreptitiously amongst the fella heen to such an extent that the prowess of a strange hahwi or magician is resented and disputed. As most travelers know. up whose time-worn sides the Arabs swarmed eagerly. the actual apex of this structure has long been worn away. and defense bespoke ’stalling’ to my not inexperienced eye. and in a few moments the sardonic desert moon leered down upon a battle which. As I watched it. fraternizing and drinking that followed. where some of the sleepy. but a distinct hostility and skepticism concerning my feats of escape. we were led up the rocks and over the sand to the Great Pyramid. and doubtless in answer to some subtle sign from Abdul. in a manner which indicated not only a surprising knowledge of me. It was quickly over. On this eery pinnacle a squared circle was formed.‘The subterranean nymph that dwells ‘Mid sunless gems and glories hid The lady of the Pyramid!’ Early as we were. we had diverged instead of following the regular road to the Mena House. Reconciliation was phenomenally rapid. and from my smattering of Arabic I judged that they were discussing my professional performances and escapes from every sort of manacle and confinement.

Egypt. How far or in what direction I was carried. My hands were tied behind my back. The evil abnormality I speak of did not become manifest at first. since my bearers at no point hastened beyond a walk. my captors passed a rope around my chest and dragged me a few feet to a ragged opening in the ground. almost incredible depth of it robbed me of all bases of conjecture. and explicable by a type of cerebral illusion vastly short of actual hallucination. is very old. Even now I am uncertain. for I know how deceitful the sense of time becomes when one is removed or distorted. my knees bent to their fullest extent. either on the stage or off. or that any rope made by man could be so long as to dangle me in these unholy and seemingly fathomless pro fundities of nether earth. The horror of the experience deepened with every dragging second. whose devices had so uniformly failed to entrap me. that it could not have been a great distance.produced heavy ropes. But I am quite sure that I preserved a logical consciousness that far. for the circumstances were all against the formation of any accurate judgment. and a blindfold fastened tightly over my eyes. into which they presently lowered me with much rough handling. Setting me down on a surface which I recognized as sand rather than rock. that at least I did not add any fullgrown phantoms of imagination to a picture hideous enough in its reality. I struggled at first. yet kept me aloft a surprisingly short time. and my wrists and ankles stoutly linked together with unyielding cords. and full of inner mysteries and antique powers not even conceivable to the experts of today. but soon saw that one man could make no headway against a band of over twenty sinewy barbarians. 218 . It is this perplexing brevity which makes me feel almost like shuddering whenever I think of Gizeh and its plateau . I heard the taunts of my late guide Abdul. I know.for one is oppressed by hints of the closeness to everyday tourist routes of what existed then and must exist still. were beliefs of such grotesqueness that it was easier to doubt my agitated senses than to accept them. he reminded me. soon had me bound as securely as I was ever bound in the course of my life. For apparent eons I bumped against the stony irregular sides of a narrow hewn well which I took to be one of the numerous burial-shafts of the plateau until the prodigious. and assured me that I was soon to have my ‘magic-powers’ put to a supreme test which would quickly remove any egotism I might have gained through triumphing over all the tests offered by America and Europe. Then. as Arabs bore me aloft on their shoulders and began a jouncing descent of the pyramid. I cannot tell. who mocked and jeered delightedly in his hollow voice. however. That any descent through the sheer solid rock could be so vast without reaching the core of the planet itself. A stifling gag was forced into my mouth.

hairy. The shocking ordeal was cumulative. too. and colored by fantastic dreams in which my bound and gagged condition found singular embodiment.one moment I was plunging agonizingly down that narrow well of million-toothed torture. I dreamed that I was in the grasp of a great and horrible paw. and that will be when man is no more.real or imaginary which followed. My nostrils. The suddenness of it was apocalyptic and demoniac . subtly and insidiously. short as it was. and having faint overtones of spice and incense that lent an element of mockery. but became blurred in my recollection almost immediately afterward. The precise nature of these dreams was very clear while I was experiencing them. by some hellish ghoul-spirit of the elder Nile sorcery. My clothing was in tatters. it seemed to me that it was Egypt. yet the next moment I was soaring on bat-wings in the gulfs of hell. It was the ecstasy of nightmare and the summation of the fiendish. and I scraped cruelly against the rough and constricted sides of the shaft as I shot madly downward. cats. The process was infinitely painful. and the grisly alliance it has always had with the tombs and temples of the dead. five. musty space.clawed paw which had reached out of the earth to crush and engulf me. gave me the strength and sanity to endure those still greater sublima tions of cosmic panic that lurked and gibbered on the road ahead. were assailed by a scarcely definable menace: a creeping odor of damp and staleness curiously unlike anything I had ever smelled before. and tore harpy-like at my spirit! That one respite. nauseous lower vacua … Thank God for the mercy that shut out in oblivion those clawing Furies of consciousness which half unhinged my faculties. It was horrible . swinging free and swooping through illimitable miles of boundless.All this was not the cause of my first bit of fainting. phantom processions marching interminably through subterraneous labyrinths and 219 . I saw the horror and unwholesome antiquity of Egypt. They were paying out that infinitely long rope very swiftly now.hideous beyond all articulate description because it was all of the soul. and the beginning of the later terrors was a very perceptible increase in my rate of descent. and was soon reduced to the merest outline by the terrible events . and saw myself lured and enmeshed little by little. II It was very gradually that I regained my senses after that eldritch flight through stygian space. In the dream I looked back at the events of the preceding weeks. I saw phantom processions of priests with the heads of bulls. and I felt the trickle of blood all over. even above the mounting and excruciating pain. rising dizzily to measureless pinnacles of chilling ether. and ibises. a yellow. Then the mental cataclysm came. some spirit that was in Egypt before ever man was. with nothing of detail to describe. And when I stopped to reflect what the paw was. falcons. then diving gaspingly to sucking nadirs of ravenous.

And behind it all I saw the ineffable malignity of primordial necromancy.. In my sleeping brain there took shape a melodrama of sinister hatred and pursuit. it was the cold and cramping of the sarcophagus . the treacherous Bedouins and their attack. and that my bonds were still biting into me with unloosened force. lean rigid hand of Khephren. with the sneer of the Sphinx on his features. the chill and constriction of unrememberable Egypt… It was nighted.avenues of titanic propylaea beside which a man is as a fly. and fumbling greedily after me in the darkness to choke out the spirit that had dared to mock it by emulation. I had no idea. my frightful descent by rope through endless rock depths. rigid hand as I had seen it on the diorite statue in the Cairo Museum .. As I turned I felt a tug from above. . carved over the Sphinx’s face in the likeness of his own and built that titanic gateway temple whose myriad corridors the archaeologists think they have dug out of the cryptical sand and the uninformative rock. and my mad swinging and plunging in a chill void redolent of aromatic putrescence. I perceived that I now lay on a damp rock floor. and concluded that the rope whereby I was lowered still reached to the surface. nor had I any idea how far within the earth I was. their soreness enhanced to a stinging or burning acuteness by some pungent quality in the faint draft. but ever pulling me down to the age-mad catacombs and horrors of its dead and abysmal pharaonic heart.. And I looked at the long. necropolitan Egypt itself. and they whisper such things of Khephren… But at this juncture I began to wake .and wondered that I had not shrieked when I saw it on Abdul Reis… That hand! It was hideously cold. Then the dream faces took on human resemblances. I recalled the fight atop the pyramid. . and I saw my guide Abdul Reis in the robes of a king. The cuts and bruises I had received from the jagged sides of the rock shaft were paining me woefully. Stone colossi marched in endless night and drove herds of grinning androsphinxes down to the shores of illimitable stagnant rivers of pitch. and the mere act of rolling over was enough to set my whole frame throbbing with untold agony. and it was crushing me.or at least. black and amorphous. . leading me on with the glitter and glamor of a Saracenic surface. to assume a condition less completely that of sleep than the one just preceding. It was very cold. that yellow paw. Whether or not the Arabs still held it. the long. I knew that the 220 . And I knew that those features were the features of Khephren the Great. and offering unnamable sacrifice to indescribable gods. and I saw the black soul of Egypt singling me out and calling me in inaudible whispers. calling and luring me.the statue they had found in the terrible gateway temple . who raised the Second Pyramid. and I seemed to detect a faint current of noisome air sweeping across me. lean.

and from which I might easily escape if I could find my way to the barred entrance. was more easily determined than effected. and it did not surprise me when. This. Then it occurred to me that the Arabs might be ready to meet and attack me at the entrance upon any evidence of my probable escape from the binding cords. gag. since the total area known to visitors is not at all enormous. and blindfold. My present thought was only to outwit the Arabs. was taking for granted that my place of confinement was indeed Khephren’s Temple of the Sphinx. I nearly forgot the horrors of abysmal descent and cavernous swinging which had so lately reduced me to a coma. and this I knew would be no great task. I thought. but I did not trust my senses enough to accept as evidence of extreme depth the sensation of vast duration which had characterized my descent. The first step was to get free of my bonds. I began to feel the coils of falling rope as they piled up about me and upon me. hastening no doubt to the temple’s true entrance to lie murderously in wait for me. and I accordingly determined to work myself free as quickly as possible. as would be furnished by any decided agitation of the rope which they probably held. could not be beyond easy reach of the ordinary modern entrance near the Sphinx. The direct opening in the roof. the Bedouins had felt my movements and released their end of the rope. since no ray of moonlight penetrated my blindfold.darkness around me was wholly or nearly total. Thinking these matters over as I lay bent and bound on the rock floor. after one especially energetic struggle. since subtler experts than these Arabs had tried every known species of fetter upon me during my long and varied career as an exponent of escape. Knowing at least that I was in a space of considerable extent reached from the above surface directly by an opening in the rock. yet had never succeeded in defeating my methods.perhaps some inner corridors which the guides had not shown me during my morning visit. Obviously. but knew that these things are easily overlooked amidst the drifting sands.the Temple of the Sphinx . of course. avoiding any tug on the descending line which might betray an effective or even problematical attempt at freedom. This. however. It would be a labyrinthine wandering. A few preliminary trials made it clear that little could be accomplished without considerable motion. I had not noticed any such opening during my daytime pilgrimage. I doubtfully conjectured that my prison was perhaps the buried gateway chapel of old Khephren . 221 . wherever it might lurk. if in truth it were any great distance at all on the surface. but no worse than others out of which I had in the past found my way.

it was the knowledge of what those unnatural lengths of rope implied. in dream-shapes which it is well that I do not remember. All these people thought of was death and the dead. then trust to ingenuity to escape from the temple unharmed. which after its weighing and 222 . and every pristine apprehen sion of preternattiral depth and demoniac mystery revived. Such a sudden confirmation of ultimate horror was insupportable. It is curious how implicitly I had come to believe myself in the old temple of Khephren beside the Sphinx. On the contrary. I do not imply that I was free from dreams. my absence from the conscious world was marked by visions of the most unutterable hideousness. They conceived of a literal resurrection of the body which made them mummify it with desperate care. Now I saw that it was continuing to pile. I recalled.but I had faced worse in my time without flinching. That belief was shattered. It was not merely that I was tortured beyond human endurance . and preserve all the vital organs in canopic jars near the corpse. and would not flinch now. and a second time I lapsed into merciful oblivion. God! … If only I had not read so much Egyptology before coming to this land which is the fountain of all darkness and terror! This second spell of fainting filled my sleeping mind anew with shivering realization of the country and its archaic secrets. must have been real. and through some damnable chance my dreams turned to the ancient notions of the dead and their sojournings in soul and body beyond those mysterious tombs which were more houses than graves. accumulating moun tainously on the floor and half burying me beneath its swiftly multiplying coils. whilst besides the body they believed in two other elements. and the exceedingly singular and terrific doctrines which determined this construction.not merely that life and breath seemed to be crushed slowly out of me . and the consciousness of what unknown and incalculable gulfs of inner earth must at this moment be surrounding me. My senses tottered again. At present I must first of all free myself of bonds. Soon I was completely engulfed and gasping for breath as the increasing convolutions submerged and stifled me. My endless descent and swinging flight through goblin space. I have said that the falling rope was piling up about and upon me. the soul. the peculiar and elaborate construction of Egyptian sepulchers. and I vaguely tried to fight off a menace desperate and ineluctable. It gained in momentum and became an avalanche of hemp. only a short dis tance below the ground.The prospect was not pleasing . then. and even now I must be lying helpless in some nameless cavern world toward the core of the planet. by a circumstance which grew in horror and significance even as I formulated my philosophical plan. as no rope of normal length could possibly do. When I say oblivion.

which only winged invisible kas and soulless mummies may visit and return unscathed. Even today the Arabs murmur of unsanctified convocations and unwholesome worship in forgotten nether abysses. What happened to those composite mummies is not told of. crocodiles and the like might return some day to greater glory. cats. ibises. The whispers of Arabs are very wild. That question.composite mummies made by the artificial union of human trunks and limbs with the heads of animals in imitation of the elder gods. and cannot be relied upon. It was to have been a glorious rebirth . when they did not understand the rights and prerogatives of the ka and the soul. It was of these .as men whispered . and that is why I am glad the exact dream-shapes have faded from my memory.taking its body or the wooden double always buried beside it and stalking noxiously abroad on errands peculiarly repellent.lives far underground wedded to the ghoul-queen Nitocris and ruling over the mummies that are neither of man nor of beast.but not all souls were approved.he of the Sphinx.at least publicly and it is certain that no Egyptologist ever found one. But only in the decadence did they mix the human and the animal in the same mummy . nor were all tombs inviolate. so innocent and whimsical then. assumed in my dream a meaning of frenetic and hysterical madness … what huge and loathsome abnormality was the Sphinx originally carven to represent? 223 . the Second Pyramid and the yawning gateway temple .of Khephren and his consort and his strange armies of the hybrid dead .only in the decadence. At all stages of history the sacred animals were mummified. and the obscure and portentous ka or life-principle which wandered about the upper and lower worlds in a horrible way. and sometimes . and lead forth the stiff legions of the dead from the sunken houses of sleep.that I dreamed. Perhaps the most leeringly blood-congealing legends are those which relate to certain perverse products of decadent priestcraft . They even hint that old Khephren . awaiting the day when Osiris should restore both ka and soul. so that certain grotesque mistakes and fiendish abnormalities were to be looked for. so that consecrated bulls. consuming the food offerings brought by priests and pious relatives to the mortuary chapel. My most horrible vision was connected with an idle question I had asked myself the day before when looking at the great carven riddle of the desert and wondering with what unknown depth the temple close to it might be secretly connected.approval by Osiris dwelt in the land of the blest. demanding occasional access to the preserved body. For thousands of years those bodies rested gorgeously encased and staring glassily upward when not visited by the ka.

seemed pierced by a hundred wounds. titanic ibis had been pecking at it. too. and realized upon rolling over that although I was still tied. On the strength of this thought I tugged again at my bonds. gagged and blindfolded. and had begun to wreak terrible injuries upon me when somehow impelled to desist. and now that the long rope was gone I half regained my belief that the supreme horrors were hallucinations after all.My second awakening . as though some malign. came to me only gradually. ungagged. and I seemed coated with a profusion of dried blood beyond anything my former cuts and abrasions could furnish. and that there had never been any terrible shaft. When I was finally free. some agency had removed completely the suffocating hempen landslide which had overwhelmed me. and enervated by the experiences I had passed through. Was I after all in the gateway temple of Khephren beside the Sphinx. and with eyes open to catch any glimmer of light which might come trickling from any source. because I was wounded. measureless abyss or interminable rope. My chest.if awakening it was . exhausted. Assuredly the agency which had removed the rope was a hostile one. I found that I 224 . I must be free. for now I felt that the evil forces were physical things which a fearless man might encounter on an even basis. Remember that I had lost consciousness whilst buried beneath a cascade of falling rope whose immensity revealed the cataclysmic depth of my present position. evilly spiced air all the more horrible when encountered without the screen of gag and blindfold edges. and I could actually delight in the combat against evil and treacherous foes! How long I took in shaking off my encumbrances I cannot tell. Now. I felt the entire weight gone. and had the sneaking Arabs stolen in to torture me as I lay helpless there? At any rate. an additional circumstance became manifest.save one thing which came after . of course. Let me stand up unbound. Instead of sinking into a bottomless pit of despair. and used all the art of a lifetime to free myself as I had so often done amidst the glare of lights and the applause of vast crowds.is a memory of stark hideousness which nothing else in my life . or make any fresh effort to escape from my bonds. Pains not formerly felt were racking my arms and legs. The significance of this condition. The familiar details of my escaping process commenced to engross me. and that life has been full and adventurous beyond most men’s. damp. I was alone… with what? Before I could torture myself with any new reflection. but even so I think it would have brought unconsciousness again had I not by this time reached such a state of emotional exhaustion that no new horror could make much difference. It must have been longer than in my exhibition performances. I was stirred to a new courage and action. as perception returned.can parallel. and taking deep breaths of a chill. Yet at the same time my sensations were distinctly the reverse of what one might expect.

That I might fail. I would undoubtedly arrive at an aperture of some sort. and merely stumbled upon by the inquisitive and malignant Arabs who had imprisoned me. but my eyes beheld nothing. I strove to keep track of this landmark and to walk consistently toward it. for although despite its odor I had sought its source as at least an indirect clue to the outer world. so I paused to note the difference of the cold. and perhaps retreat directly from the entrance I sought. yet could not decide in what direction to go. If so. I had. Accepting the point of its source as the possible entrance to the abyss. I had a match-box with me. Away from the draft I would have no landmarks. yet met only an ebony blackness as great as that I had known when blindfolded. By degrees my strength and flexibility returned. natron-scented air-current which I had never ceased to feel. As I walked cautiously in the blackness. for the roughly level rock floor was devoid of distinctive configurations. and straining my eyes to catch a glimpse of some ray of light which would give a hint as to my position. but must be essentially a thing vomited from sinister gulfs still lower down. then. been walking in the wrong direction! After a moment’s reflection I decided not to retrace my steps. and it struck me that this particular hall might be unknown even to archaeologists. till at length I could regard it as nothing less than a tangible stream of detestable vapor pouring out of some aperture like the smoke of the genie from the fisherman’s jar in the Eastern tale. and found that I could walk. The East … Egypt … truly. Obviously I ought not to walk at random. I saw that this was no part of Khephren’s gateway temple which tourists know. but of course the pockets of my tossed and tattered clothing were long since emptied of all heavy articles. fetid. and even a small electric flashlight. I tried my legs. I now saw plainly that this foul emanation could have no admixture or connection whatsoever with the clean air of the Libyan Desert. the draft grew stronger and more offensive. the greater my sense of disquiet became. I well realized. from whose gate I could perhaps work round the walls to the opposite side of this Cyclopean and otherwise unnavigable hall. blood-encrusted beneath my shredded trousers. for an indefinite period. was there any present gate of escape to the known parts or to the outer air? 225 . There I lay. As I staggered to my feet I peered diligently in every direction. trying to stretch a frame bent and mangled. I followed up the strange current. however. this dark cradle of civilization was ever the wellspring of horrors and marvels unspeakable! The more I reflected on the nature of this cavern wind. If.was too cramped and fatigued to move at once.

perhaps into a depression in the temple’s inner gallery . and experiences like that. when the doctors pronounced my wounds only those to be expected from my seizure. that incident which of all is most certainly an hallucination.dragging myself to the outer barrier and escaping from it.the tombthroated guide who looked and smiled like King Khephren. my wounds. I was glad.perhaps in the vain hope of evading the telling of that final incident. Often I look back to that night and feel a touch of actual humor in those repeated lapses of consciousness. Tripping on an unexpected descending step at a point where the offensive draft became strong enough to offer an actual physical resistance.and it is odd that no one has ever been able to find a man answering the description of my guide. too. The 226 . till Fate for a third time reduced me to oblivion. ‘and I thought of that vivid melange of impressions . That extreme descent is too vivid a memory to be dismissed . hence was glad when the police told me that the barrier to Krephren’s gateway temple had been found unfastened. struggling with bonds. And yet I know that there must be more than appears on the surface. That I ever breathed again is a tribute to the inherent vitality of the healthy human organism. This time there were no dreams..or seemed to recover .What evidence. and that all the features of that underground nightmare were merely the dreams of one long coma which began with the shock of my descent into that abyss and ended with the healing balm of the outer air and of the rising sun which found me stretched on the sands of Gizeh before the sardonic and dawn-flushed face of the Great Sphinx. would it be merciful if this moment were the end? I could answer none of my own questions. a very soothing diagnosis. blindfolding. falling some distance . But I promised to relate it. I prefer to believe this latter explanation as much as I can. indeed. lapses whose succession reminded me at the time of nothing more than the crude cinema melodramas of that period..my senses after that fall down the black stone stairs.descent. I have digressed from my connected narrative . did I now possess that this was the gateway temple at all? For a moment all my wildest speculations rushed back upon me. lowering. and the dreams that were frankly dreams. suspension in space. for the suddenness of the incident shocked me out of all thought either conscious or subconscious. Abdul Reis el Drogman. the rope. Was this the end of life for me? Or indeed. I was precipitated headlong down a black flight of huge stone stairs into a gulf of hideousness unrelieved. Of course. I was quite as alone and in darkness as before. When I recovered . and that a sizeable rift to the surface did actually exist in one corner of the still buried part. it is possible that the repeated lapses never occurred. and I do not break promises. but merely kept on.

bad enough before. walking. In their rhythmic piping.a terror peculiarly dissociated from personal fear. droning. the morbid and millennial tramping of the marching things. From some still lower chasm in earth’s bowels were proceeding certain sounds.whose surface was covered with gigantic chiseled hieroglyphics very perceptible to my touch.Heaven save me from the sound of those feet and paws and hooves and pads and talons as it commenced to acquire detail! Down limitless reaches of sunless pavement a spark of light flickered in the malodorous wind and I drew behind the enormous circumference of a Cyclopic column that I might escape for a while the horror that was stalking million-footed toward me through gigantic hypostyles of inhuman dread and phobic antiquity. and like nothing I had ever heard before. And then . Then . The training of unhallowed thousands of years must lie behind that march of earth’s inmost monstrosities … padding.. In the 227 .a column of unbelievable immensity . the composite mummies led through the uttermost onyx voids by King Khephren and his ghoul-queen Nitocris … The tramping drew nearer . stalking. and the tramping and dissonant rhythm grew sickeningly loud. the sambuke. . crawling. Crawling on. The flickers increased. rattling and beat ing I felt an element of terror beyond all the known terrors of earth . . and taking the form of a sort of objective pity for our planet. measured and definite. and with my bleeding hands felt the colossal blocks of a mighty pavement.. faintly and afar off. lumbering. and much reading in Egyptology led me to associate them with the flute. I encountered other titan columns at incomprehensible distances apart. Once my head struck against a hard object. was now fiendish. The sounds increased in volume.God keep the memory of those Arab legends out of my head! . and when I felt of it I learned that it was the base of a column . It was hideous that footfalls so dissimilar should move in such perfect rhythm. yet I had acquired enough familiarity by this time to bear it stoically. and I felt that they were approaching. the sistrum.windy stench.and may all the gods of all pantheons unite to keep the like from my ears again . rumbling. Dazedly I began to crawl away from the place whence the putrid wind came. clicking.I began to hear. and all to the abhorrent discords of those mocking instruments. the hordes of the devil-cursed pharaonic dead of forty centuries.the mummies without souls … the meeting-place of the wandering …. and the tympa num. that it should hold within its depths such horrors as must lie beyond these aegipanic cacophonies.. when suddenly my attention was captured by the realization of something which must have been impinging on my subconscious hearing long before the conscious sense was aware of it. That they were very ancient and distinctly ceremonial I felt almost intuitively.

and the thaumatropically grotesque shadows of abnormal horror. But I had to shut my eyes again when I realized how many of the things were assembling . gazed for an instant upon a sight which no human creature could even imagine without panic. for one is never sure in visions . One of these was indubitably the staircase I had fallen down. where the light of their torches showed their bended heads . My eyes. That I desperately resolved as I heard their creaking joints and nitrous wheezing above the dead music and the dead tramping. and I could only shut my eyes and pray … at least. but the shadows and the sounds and the stench were everywhere. perversely shaken open. A fiendish and ululant corpse-gurgle or death-rattle now split the very atmosphere . fear and physical exhaustion. They were worshipping before a great black fetor-belching aperture which reached up almost out of sight. -and which I could see was flanked at right angles by two giant staircases whose ends were far away in shadow. I could not fail to see some boundary or fixed landmark soon. and began to repeat to myself.and I know this can have been nothing more. Then I remembered something I used to do in half-conscious nightmares as a boy. I wondered whether I should ever reach the world again. and at times would furtively open my eyes to see if I could discern any feature of the place other than the wind of spiced putrefaction. The dimensions of the hole were fully in proportion with those of the columns an ordinary house would have been lost in it. and any average public building could easily have been moved in and out. ‘This is a dream! This is a dream!’ But it was of no use. It was merciful that they did not speak… but God! their crazy torches began to cast shadows on the surface of those stupendous columns. the direction of the noisome wind. mere bases of things that must each dwarf the Eiffel Tower to insignificance … hieroglyphics carved by unthinkable hands in caverns where daylight can be only a remote legend… I would not look at the marching things. The sputtering glare of multiplying torches now shone.or the bended heads of such as had heads. It was so vast a surface that only by 228 . Bases of columns whose middles were higher than human sight.quivering orange light there stood faintly forth a scene of such stony awe that I gasped from sheer wonder that conquered even fear and repulsion.the charnel atmosphere poisonous with naftha and bitumen blasts in one concerted chorus from the ghoulish legion of hybrid blasphemies. Hippopotami should not have human hands and carzy torches… men should not have the heads of crocodiles… I tried to turn away.and when I glimpsed a certain object walking solemnly and steadily without any body above the waist. the topless columns. that is what I think I did. . and unless this hellish place were wholly without walls. The things had filed ceremonially in one direction. .

sneering King Khephren or the guide Abdul Reis. trusting to Fate and skill to deliver me from the upper reaches. to judge by their gestures. though the spectacle chilled me even when quite remote at my right.that temple which generations have persis tently called the Temple of the Sphinx? I could not conjecture. I neither knew nor seriously reflected upon . .and for a moment it struck me as amusing to plan a serious escape from that which I knew to be a dream. so vast. so hideously black. The hall was dim. Where I was. and the columns heavy with shadow. a thought of escape flashed upon me. the concealed deity must be one of considerable importance. whom I saw in profile for a moment. and so aromatically stinking . noting that the right half of her face was eaten away by rats or other ghouls. as it had to be to rise without a bend to the dizzy parapeted landing above the titanic aperture. Wriggling flat on my stomach.evidently sacrifices or religious offerings. judging from the elaborateness of this worship. and relying 229 .. or some vast unknown God of the Dead still more central and supreme? There is a legend that terrible altars and colossi were reared to an Unknown One before ever the known gods were worshipped… And now. With every creature of that nightmare throng absorbed in shocking raptures. . wind-blown torchlight in order to avoid detection. By his side knelt beautiful Queen Nitocris. as I have said. which seemed the more accessible of the two. as I steeled myself to watch the rapt and sepulchral adorations of those nameless things. but I resolved to ascend to life and consciousness if wit and muscle could carry me. crowned with a golden pshent and intoning endless formulae with the hollow voice of the dead. Directly in front of this yawning Polyphemus-door the things were throwing objects . on which I observed decorations of the most hideous sort. The bottom of the staircase was.moving the eye could one trace its boundaries. I began the anxious journey toward the foot of the left-hand staircase. Was it Osiris or Isis. far away in shadow. And I shut my eyes again when I saw what objects were being thrown as offerings to the fetid aperture or its possible local deity. but they may be guessed when one reflects on what I had to watch steadily in that malign. keeping close to the wall. Khephren was their leader. At length I succeeded in reaching the steps and began to climb. It occurred to me that. it might be barely possible for me to creep past to the far-away end of one of the staircases and ascend unseen. Was I in some hidden and unsuspected lower realm of Khephren’s gateway temple . This placed the last stages of my crawl at some distance from the noisome herd.. I cannot describe the incidents and sensations of that crawl. Horus or Anubis.

Its locomotion was so inexplicable that I stared in fascination.for safety on the absorbed. Though the staircase was huge and steep.yet a sudden repetition of that thunderous corpse-gurgle and death-rattle chorus. wishing it would emerge farther from the cavernous lair beneath me. but five separate shaggy heads springing in a row from a roughly cylindrical trunk. The Great Sphinx! God! . fashioned of vast porphyry blocks as if for the feet of a giant. and endowed with a sort of nervous motion. and at the sight I turned and fled into the darkness up the higher staircase that rose behind me. be it in dream or not. caused me to pause and peer cautiously over the parapet. The monstrosities were hailing something which had poked itself out of the nauseous aperture to seize the hellish fare proffered it. something yellowish and hairy. Dread of discovery and the pain which renewed exercise had brought to my wounds combined to make that upward crawl a thing of agonizing memory. and occasionally it would retreat into its den in a very odd manner. the second good-sized. and the fifth rather small.the unknown God of the Dead. It must have been a dream. the ascent seemed virtually interminable. It seemed to have no neck. Out of these heads darted curious rigid tentacles which seized ravenously on the excessively great quantities of unmentionable food placed before the aperture. the first very small. as a good-sized hippopotamus. stopping for no last look at the carrion abominations that pawed and genuflected some seventy or eighty feet below . on reaching the landing. perhaps. to climb immediately onward along whatever upper staircase might mount from there. the third and fourth equal and largest of all. though not so small as the first. Once in a while the thing would leap up. and which I must ever relegate to the world of dreams for want of any confirmation. ecstatic interest with which the monstrosities watched the foul-breezed aperture and the impious objects of nourishment they had flung on the pavement before it. I had intended. that revealed to me the supreme horror . which licks its colossal chops in the 230 . even as seen from my height. It was something quite ponderous. or the dawn would never have found me breathing on the sands of Gizeh before the sardonic dawn-flushed face of the Great Sphinx. It was as large. Then it did emerge … it did emerge. but very curiously shaped.that idle question I asked myself on that sun-blest morning before … what huge and loathsome abnormality was the Sphinx originally carven to represent? Accursed is the sight. coming as I had nearly gained the top of the flight and showing by its ceremonial rhythm that it was not an alarm of my discovery. fled unknowingly up incredible steps and ladders and inclined planes to which no human sight or logic guided me.

231 . and I know it was only a dream.unsuspected abyss.and that of which it is the merest forepaw… But I survived. The five-headed monster that emerged … that five-headed monster as large as a hippopotamus … the five headed monster . fed hideous morsels by soulless absurdities that should not exist.

wholly without relatives.thoughtless. Birch. as his easily avoidable accident proves. He confided in me because I was his doctor. I suppose one should start in the cold December of 1880. and even Peck Valley would have shuddered a bit had it known the easy ethics of its mortuary artist in such debatable matters as the ownership of costly “laying-out” apparel invisible beneath the casket’s lid. and because he probably felt the need of confiding in someone else after Davis died. It was generally stated that the affliction and shock were results of an unlucky slip whereby Birch had locked himself for nine hours in the receiving tomb of Peck Valley Cemetery.In The Vault Written on September 18. as I view it. and professionally undesirable. that the prosy tale which George Birch’s death permits me to tell has in it aspects beside which some of our darkest tragedies are light. when the ground froze and the cemetery delvers found they could dig no more graves till spring. had been the village undertaker of Peck Valley. Fortunately the village was small and the death rate low. though. God knows. Davis. Birch acquired a limitation and changed his business in 1881. at least in a city. than that conventional association of the homely and the wholesome which seems to pervade the psychology of the multitude. and no average reader can be brought to expect more than a hearty albeit grotesque phase of comedy. careless. a bungling and thick-fibred village undertaker. but while this much was undoubtedly true. He was merely crass of fibre and function. and liquorish. yet I still think he was not an evil man. He was a bachelor. since I am no practiced teller of tales. so that it was 232 . 1925 Published November 1925 in The Tryout There is nothing more absurd. and the degree of dignity to be maintained in posing and adapting the unseen members of lifeless tenants to containers not always calculated with sublimest accuracy. and a careless mishap in a tomb. Most distinctly Birch was lax. Just where to begin Birch’s story I can hardly decide. before 1881. yet never discussed the case when he could avoid it. insensitive. Neither did his old physician Dr. and was a very calloused and primitive specimen even as such specimens go. Mention a bucolic Yankee setting. The practices I heard attributed to him would be unbelievable today. escaping only by crude and disastrous mechanical means. there were other and blacker things which the man used to whisper to me in his drunken delirium toward the last. and without that modicum of imagination which holds the average citizen within certain limits fixed by taste. who died years ago.

indeed. and to use it when Asaph Sawyer died of a malignant fever. in a fit of curious sentimentality aroused by recalling how kindly and generous the little old man had been to him during his bankruptcy five years before. the events of that evening greatly changed George Birch. or disregard more flagrantly the needs of the rusty lock on the tomb door which he slammed open and shut with such nonchalant abandon. though he had not then taken to the wholesale drinking by which he later tried to forget certain things. though ever afterward he refused to do anything of importance on that fateful sixth day of the week. much as on that former occasion when the rain had vexed it. but a high wind had sprung up. and was concerned only in getting the right coffin for the right grave. but had cast it aside at last as too awkward and flimsy. Birch decided that he would begin the next day with little old Matthew Fenner. though dreading the bother of removal and interment. the 15th. he subsequently admitted. but ceased before noon because of a heavy rain that seemed to irritate his horse. whose grave was not far from the tomb. wishing to transport her body to the cemetery in the city whither they had moved. not getting to work till Good Friday. then. made that coffin for Matthew Fenner. found the casket of Judge Capwell beneath her headstone. On the afternoon of Friday. and many stories were told of 233 . and graves were laboriously prepared for the nine silent harvests of the grim reaper which waited in the tomb. At last the spring thaw came. odorous chamber with the eight carelessly placed coffins. and seemed to outdo even himself in carelessness. after having laid but one mortal tenement to its permanent rest. although it was very similar. He had not forgotten the criticism aroused when Hannah Bixby’s relatives. which as he drew it viciously up at the tomb neighed and pawed and tossed its head. Birch set out for the tomb with horse and wagon to transfer the body of Matthew Fenner. but actually postponed the matter for three days. Birch. he did not heed the day at all. He gave old Matt the very best his skill could produce. began his task of transference one disagreeable April morning. Another might not have relished the damp. and Birch was glad to get to shelter as he unlocked the iron door and entered the side-hill vault. April 15th. whose grave was also near by. but Birch’s sight was good. Being without superstition. That he was not perfectly sober. but Birch in those days was insensitive.possible to give all of Birch’s inanimate charges a temporary haven in the single antiquated receiving tomb. That was Darius Peck. Sawyer was not a lovable man. The light was dim. The undertaker grew doubly lethargic in the bitter weather. Certainly. and he did not get Asaph Sawyer’s coffin by mistake. The day was clear. the nonagenarian. He was just dizzy and careless enough to annoy his sensitive horse. Never did he knock together flimsier and ungainlier caskets. He had. but was thrifty enough to save the rejected specimen.

hence upon this his eyes long rested as he racked his brains for means to reach it. Only the coffins themselves remained as potential stepping-stones. and a hammer and chisel selected. and wondered why the massive portal had grown so suddenly recalcitrant. he began to realise the truth and to shout loudly as if his horse outside could do more than neigh an unsympathetic reply. but the bald fact of imprisonment so far from the daily paths of men was enough to exasperate him thoroughly. so that he was reduced to a profane fumbling as he made his halting way among the long boxes toward the latch. He would have given much for a lantern or bit of candle. Birch glanced about for other possible points of escape. he reckoned. however. but lacking these. His day’s work was sadly interrupted. bungled semi-sightlessly as best he might. pushed at the iron panels. There was nothing like a ladder in the tomb. When he perceived that the latch was hopelessly unyielding. but he could do better with four. making this direction utterly useless to consider. and the coffin niches on the sides and rear. half by feeling. Over the door. being by temperament phlegmatic and practical. and unless chance presently brought some rambler hither. slit-like transom in the brick facade gave promise of possible enlargement to a diligent worker. at least to such meagre tools and under such tenebrous conditions as these. In this funereal twilight he rattled the rusty handles. It was just as he had recognised old Matt’s coffin that the door slammed to in the wind. The thing must have happened at about three-thirty in the afternoon. did not shout long. would permit him to reach the transom. For the long-neglected latch was obviously broken. The air had begun to be exceedingly unwholesome. but proceeded to grope about for some tools which he recalled seeing in a corner of the tomb. and the overhead ventilation funnel virtually none at all. but to this detail he paid no attention as he toiled. so that the narrow ventilation funnel in the top ran through several feet of earth. at the heavy and corroded metal of the latch. a victim of his own oversight. leaving the careless undertaker trapped in the vault. Birch.which Birch seldom took the trouble to useafforded no ascent to the space above the door. Three coffin-heights. he might have to remain all night or longer. and as he considered these he speculated on the best mode of transporting them. In this twilight too. It is doubtful whether he was touched at all by the horror and exquisite weirdness of his position. The pile of tools soon reached. The boxes 234 . leaving him in a dusk even deeper than before. To him Birch had felt no compunction in assigning the carelessly made coffin which he now pushed out of the way in his quest for the Fenner casket. the high. The narrow transom admitted only the feeblest of rays. Birch returned over the coffins to the door.his almost inhuman vindictiveness and tenacious memory for wrongs real or fancied. The vault had been dug from a hillside.

and the source of a task whose performance deserved every possible stimulus. the place. since it tumbled into his hands as if through some odd volition after he had unwittingly placed it beside another on the third layer. Finally he decided to lay a base of three parallel with the wall. Dusk fell and found Birch still toiling. Birch cautiously ascended with his tools and stood abreast of the narrow transom. and his aching arms rested by a pause during which he sat on the bottom step of his grim device. so he began to compute how he might most stably use the eight to rear a scalable platform four deep.though it is characteristic of him that this thought was untinged with eerie implications. In either case it would have been appropriate. for the unexpected tenacity of the easy-looking brickwork was surely a sardonic commentary on the vanity of mortal hopes. and upon these a single box to serve as the platform. to place upon this two layers of two each. The tower at length finished. Several of the coffins began to split under the stress of handling. since newly gathered clouds hid the moon. He worked largely by feeling now. though. have to pile another on his 235 . As he planned. leaving one free to be piled on top in case the actual feat of escape required an even greater altitude. the horse outside whinnied in a tone which may have been encouraging and to others may have been mocking. cursing when a fragment hit him in the face. He could. he would utilise only two boxes of the base to support the superstructure. Better still. he could not but wish that the units of his contemplated staircase had been more securely made. and though progress was still slow. He would not. Whether he had imagination enough to wish they were empty. get out by midnight. and indeed came upon it almost by accident. he was sure. and could be piled up like blocks. In time the hole grew so large that he ventured to try his body in it now and then. This arrangement could be ascended with a minimum of awkwardness. In the semi-gloom he trusted mostly to touch to select the right one. he philosophically chipped away the stony brickwork. heaving the unresponsive remnants of mortality with little ceremony as his miniature Tower of Babel rose course by course. and the company beneath his feet. The borders of the space were entirely of brick. he felt heartened at the extent of his encroachments on the top and bottom of the aperture. in order that his feet might have as certain a surface as possible. As his hammer blows began to fall. is strongly to be doubted. Undisturbed by oppressive reflections on the time. and he planned to save the stoutly built casket of little Matthew Fenner for the top. and there seemed little doubt but that he could shortly chisel away enough to allow his body to pass. he found.were fairly even. And so the prisoner toiled in the twilight. shifting about so that the coffins beneath him rocked and creaked. and would furnish the desired height. and laughing when one struck the increasingly excited horse that pawed near the cypress tree.

236 . He had. he could not shake clear of the unknown grasp which held his feet in relentless captivity. upon reaching the topmost one. He could not walk. At any rate he kicked and squirmed frantically and automatically whilst his consciousness was almost eclipsed in a half-swoon. it seems. jouncing him two feet down on a surface which even he did not care to imagine. no pursuer. he heard that aggravated crackle which bespeaks the wholesale rending of wood. and the emerging moon must have witnessed a horrible sight as he dragged his bleeding ankles toward the cemetery lodge. Tired and perspiring despite many rests. Armington helped Birch to the outside of a spare bed and sent his little son Edwin for Dr. or by the stench which billowed forth even to the open air. and almost dreaded the exertion. loose nails. especially when. for his form had the indolent stoutness of early middle age. In another moment he knew fear for the first time that night. and his body responding with that maddening slowness from which one suffers when chased by the phantoms of nightmare. and plunged madly off through the night. but gathered his energies for a determined try. answered his feeble clawing at the door. Perhaps he screamed. the wagon rattling crazily behind it. he sought to pull himself up. Horrible pains. The hungry horse was neighing repeatedly and almost uncannily. the waiting horse gave a scream that was too frantic for a neigh. in his ghastly situation. Clutching the edges of the aperture.platform to make the proper height. my ankles!”. for he was alone and alive when Armington. merely muttering such things as “Oh. He was curiously unelated over his impending escape. and in his mind was a vortex of fright mixed with an unquenchable materialism that suggested splinters. he descended to the floor and sat a while on the bottom box to gather strength for the final wriggle and leap to the ground outside. Instinct guided him in his wriggle through the transom. it appeared. Birch. for struggle as he would. As he remounted the splitting coffins he felt his weight very poignantly. planned in vain when choosing the stoutest coffin for the platform. however. for no sooner was his full bulk again upon it than the rotting lid gave way. There was evidently. The afflicted man was fully conscious. was now too low for an easy scramble out of the enlarged transom. or some other attribute of a breaking wooden box. his fingers clawing the black mould in brainless haste. and in the crawl which followed his jarring thud on the damp ground. when he noticed a queer retardation in the form of an apparent drag on both his ankles. the lodge-keeper. Davis. for the hole was on exactly the right level to use as soon as its size might permit. and he vaguely wished it would stop. Maddened by the sound. as of savage wounds. but would say nothing of any consequence. shot through his calves. It must have been midnight at least when Birch decided he could get through the transom.

He was oddly anxious to know if Birch were sure. and how he had distinguished it from the inferior duplicate coffin of vicious Asaph Sawyer. or “Shut in the tomb”. only aggravated what it was meant to alleviate. had of course seen both at the respective funerals. at Sawyer’s funeral. and his hands shook as he dressed the mangled members. “Tomb”. and socks. He always remained lame. how he had been certain of it as the Fenner coffin in the dusk. He changed his business. Then he fled back to the lodge and broke all the rules of his 237 . and a little later gave a gasp that was more terrible than a cry. once so phlegmatic and logical. but his frightened wits never quite did that. urging Birch to insist at all times that his wounds were caused entirely by loose nails and splintering wood. had become ineffaceably scarred. of course.seemed to puzzle the old physician greatly.“Let go!”. What else.I agreed that he was wise in so doing. the doctor entered and looked about. His frightened horse had gone home. He had even wondered. “Coffin”. for the great tendons had been severed. Steeled by old ordeals in dissecting rooms. and it was pitiful to note his response to certain chance allusions such as “Friday”. and it may have been fear mixed with a queer belated sort of remorse for bygone crudities. and when I saw the scars. shoes. His questioning grew more than medically tense. and removed the patient’s outer clothing. as indeed he had attended both Fenner and Sawyer in their last illnesses. Davis left.absolutely sure. an old-time village practitioner. and to let no other doctor treat the wounds.ancient and whitened as they then were. His drinking. could ever in any case be proved or believed? But it would be well to say as little as could be said. When Dr. binding them as if he wished to get the wounds out of sight as quickly as possible. but something always preyed upon him. The wounds.for both ankles were frightfully lacerated about the Achilles’ tendons. For an impersonal doctor. Would the firm Fenner casket have caved in so readily? Davis. Then the doctor came with his medicine-case and asked crisp questions. how the vindictive farmer had managed to lie straight in a box so closely akin to that of the diminutive Fenner. and the latch of the great door yielded readily to a touch from the outside.of the identity of that top coffin of the pile. he added. but I think the greatest lameness was in his soul. The moon was shining on the scattered brick fragments and marred facade. Davis left Birch that night he had taken a lantern and gone to the old receiving tomb. how he had chosen it. and words of less obvious concatenation. His thinking processes. Davis’ ominous and awestruck cross-examination became very strange indeed as he sought to drain from the weakened undertaker every least detail of his horrible experience. Birch heeded this advice all the rest of his life till he told me his story. He cried aloud once. stifling the nausea of mind and body that everything in sight and smell induced. After a full two hours Dr. and finally almost to frighten him. It may have been just fear.

and hurling at him a succession of shuddering whispers that seared into the bewildered ears like the hissing of vitriol. God. Birch. with the front ones missing on the upper jaw. but the other was worse. but you knew what a little man old Fenner was. “I’ll never get the picture out of my head as long as I live. I’ve seen sights before. Birch.never.calling by rousing and shaking his patient. His head was broken in. but there was one thing too much here.those ankles cut neatly off to fit Matt Fenner’s cast-aside coffin!” 238 . what a rage! I’d hate to have it aimed at me! “Why did you do it. “It was Asaph’s coffin. but if ever I saw vindictiveness on any face. for Asaph’s coffin was on the floor. and I don’t blame you for giving him a cast-aside coffin. but you got what you deserved. You kicked hard. show those wounds! The body was pretty badly gone. Birch? He was a scoundrel. and I believe his eye-for-an-eye fury could beat old Father Death himself.how he ruined old Raymond thirty years after their boundary suit. Birch. and everything was tumbled about. but you always did go too damned far! Well enough to skimp on the thing some way. and how he stepped on the puppy that snapped at him a year ago last August… He was the devil incarnate. for God’s sake. just as I thought! I knew his teeth. An eye for an eye! Great heavens. The skull turned my stomach.or former face… You know what a fiend he was for revenge.

so that the Daemon of the Valley knows not why its waters are red. And within the depths of the valley. At the very bottom of the valley lies the river Than. and heaving up marble pavements laid by forgotten hands. whose waters are slimy and filled with weeds. where the light reaches not. and forget much. These beings of yesterday were called Man. These beings were like the waters of the river Than. twining tightly about broken columns and strange monoliths. The Genie that haunts the moonbeams spake to the Daemon of the Valley. Tell me the deeds and aspect and name of them who built these things of Stone. Vol. 239 . and the Daemon looked intently at a little ape in a tree that grew in a crumbling courtyard.” So the Genie flew back to the thin horned moon. and to subterranean grottoes it flows. Rank is the herbage on each slope. but I too am old. move forms not meant to be beheld. From hidden springs it rises. No.” And the Daemon replied. p. And in trees that grow gigantic in crumbling courtyards leap little apes. saying. Vast are the stones which sleep beneath coverlets of dank moss. it was like to that of the little apes in the trees. where evil vines and creeping plants crawl amidst the stones of ruined palaces. 5.Memory Written 1919 Published May 1923 in The National Amateur. 9. Their aspect I recall dimly. and am wise in lore of the past. while in and out of deep treasure-vaults writhe poison serpents and scaly things without a name. Their name I recall clearly. In the valley of Nis the accursed waning moon shines thinly. for it rhymed with that of the river. for they were but of the moment. For all time did their builders erect them. for beneath them the grey toad makes his habitation. “I am Memory. 45. and in sooth they yet serve nobly. nor whither they are bound. Their deeds I recall not. not to be understood. tearing a path for its light with feeble horns through the lethal foliage of a great upas-tree. “I am old. and mighty were the walls from which they fell.

A sense of monstrous guilt was upon the land.Nyarlathotep Written in December of 1920 Published November 1920 in The United Amateur Nyarlathotep… the crawling chaos… I am the last… I will tell the audient void… I do not recall distinctly when it began. and that he had heard messages from places not on this planet. Who he was. And it was then that Nyarlathotep came out of Egypt. My friend had told me of him. and everyone felt that the world and perhaps the universe had passed from the control of known gods or forces to that of gods or forces which were unknown. yet which swelled his fame to exceeding magnitude. And where Nyarlathotep went. now the wise men almost wished they could forbid sleep in the small hours. He said he had risen up out of the blackness of twenty-seven centuries. Men advised one another to see Nyarlathotep. Into the lands of civilisation came Nyarlathotep. the terrible city of unnumbered crimes. and shuddered. and old steeples crumbling against a sickly sky. but it was months ago. that the shrieks of cities might less horribly disturb the pale. I remember when Nyarlathotep came to my city the great. and whispered warnings and prophecies which no one dared consciously repeat or acknowledge to himself that he had heard. swarthy. and of the impelling fascination and allurement of his revelations. pitying moon as it glimmered on green waters gliding under bridges. slender. Never before had the screams of nightmare been such a public problem. The general tension was horrible. The fellahin knelt when they saw him. To a season of political and social upheaval was added a strange and brooding apprehension of hideous physical danger. rest vanished. and sinister. for the small hours were rent with the screams of nightmare. He spoke much of the sciences of electricity and psychology and gave exhibitions of power which sent his spectators away speechless. such a danger as may be imagined only in the most terrible phantasms of the night. I recall that the people went about with pale and worried faces. always buying strange instruments of glass and metal and combining them into instruments yet stranger. the old. and I burned with eagerness to 240 . none could tell. but he was of the old native blood and looked like a Pharaoh. yet could not say why. and out of the abysses between the stars swept chill currents that made men shiver in dark and lonely places. a danger widespread and all-embracing. There was a demoniac alteration in the sequence of the seasons the autumn heat lingered fearsomely.

And I heard it hinted abroad that those who knew Nyarlathotep looked on sights which others saw not. and in the sputter of his sparks there was taken from men that which had never been taken before yet which showed only in the eyes. Then the sparks played amazingly around the heads of the spectators. and hair stood up on end whilst shadows more grotesque than I can tell came out and squatted on the heads. and when the electric lights began to fade we cursed the company over and over again.explore his uttermost mysteries. with scarce a line of rusted metal to show where the tramways had run. Then we split up into narrow columns. for the black rift in the green-litten snow was frightful. deserted midnight streets. for as we stalked out on the dark moor. Trackless. And I saw the world battling against blackness. each of which seemed drawn in a different direction. whirling. and others screamed with me for solace. The column seemed very thin indeed as it plodded dreamily into the gulf. And again we saw a tram-car. I believe we felt something coming down from the greenish moon. struggling around the dimming. down the dizzy stairs into the damp. and noticed that the silhouette of the second tower was ragged at the top. mumbled a trembling protest about imposture and static electricity. and yellow evil faces peering from behind fallen monuments. Once we looked at the pavement and found the blocks loose and displaced by grass. and I thought I had heard the 241 . we beheld around us the hellish moon-glitter of evil snows. that I never could be afraid. And when I. churning. Nyarlathotep drove us all out. and what was thrown on a screen in the darkened room prophesied things none but Nyarlathotep dared prophesy. And shadowed on a screen. I saw hooded forms amidst ruins. lone. for when we began to depend on its light we drifted into curious involuntary marching formations and seemed to know our destinations though we dared not think of them. I screamed aloud that I was not afraid. hot. where lay a gulf all the blacker for its glittering walls. and laughed at the queer faces we made. swept asunder in one direction only. through the stifling night and up the endless stairs into the choking room. inexplicable snows. howling with a laughter that was mad. When we gazed around the horizon. We swore to one another that the city was exactly the same. dilapidated. and still alive. who was colder and more scientific than the rest. My friend said they were horrible and impressive beyond my most fevered imaginings. against the waves of destruction from ultimate space. My own column was sucked toward the open country. cooling sun. It was in the hot autumn that I went through the night with the restless crowds to see Nyarlathotep. and presently I felt a chill which was not of the hot autumn. leaving only the echo of a shocking moan. we could not find the third tower by the river. One disappeared in a narrow alley to the left. and almost on its side. Another filed down a weed-choked subway entrance. windowless. I lingered behind.

but my power to linger was slight. mindless gargoyles whose soul is Nyarlathotep.reverberations of a disquieting wail as my companions vanished. Beyond the worlds vague ghosts of monstrous things. Screamingly sentient. and whirled blindly past ghastly midnights of rotting creation. dumbly delirious. corpses of dead worlds with sores that were cities. As if beckoned by those who had gone before. and absurdly the gigantic. 242 . And through this revolting graveyard of the universe the muffled. monotonous whine of blasphemous flutes from inconceivable. unlighted chambers beyond Time. I half-floated between the titanic snowdrifts. A sickened. tenebrous ultimate gods the blind. charnel winds that brush the pallid stars and make them flicker low. voiceless. into the sightless vortex of the unimaginable. only the gods that were can tell. half-seen columns of unsanctifled temples that rest on nameless rocks beneath space and reach up to dizzy vacua above the spheres of light and darkness. quivering and afraid. awkwardly. the detestable pounding and piping whereunto dance slowly. sensitive shadow writhing in hands that are not hands. and thin. maddening beating of drums.

I said it at first and I say it 243 . or am afraid I know.Pickman’s Model Written in 1926 Published October 1927 in Weird Tales You needn’t think I’m crazy. no matter what direction his work takes. but you don’t need to hold a clinic over it. I don’t know what’s become of Pickman. Now that he’s disappeared I go round to the club once in a while. judging from the fact that they don’t know yet of the old North End place he hired under the name of Peters. and I don’t like to guess. There was something there. and we got here more quickly anyhow in the taxi.plenty of others have queerer prejudices than this. They would ask me to guide them. even in broad daylight! Yes. Morbid art doesn’t shock me. I’m not sure that I could find it again myself.and now I can’t use the subway or (and you may as well have your laugh at this. God knows. who won’t ride in a motor? If I don’t like that damned subway.not that I’d ever try. I do know. You might have surmised I had some inside information when I dropped him. and I fancy I’m lucky to be sane at all. Maybe you ought to. Eliot.and that’s why I don’t want to think where he’s gone.it won’t be much. Well. and when a man has the genius Pickman had I feel it an honour to know him. why he maintained it. There’s plenty of reason. too) go down into cellars any more. Reid or Joe Minot or Rosworth did. I know I’m more nervous than I was when you saw me last year. I don’t know why you shouldn’t. it’s my own business. I should think you’d have known I didn’t drop Pickman for the same silly reasons that fussy old women like Dr. And I think you’ll understand before I’m through why I don’t tell the police. Let the police find what they can. anyhow. I’m coming to that. We’d have had to walk up the hill from Park Street if we’d taken the car. No. Why don’t you laugh at Oliver’s grandfather. Boston never had a greater painter than Richard Upton Pickman. Why the third degree? You didn’t use to be so inquisitive. for you kept writing me like a grieved parent when you heard I’d begun to cut the Art Club and keep away from Pickman. but I couldn’t go back there even if I knew the way. but my nerves aren’t what they were. if you must hear it.

it takes profound art and profound insight into Nature to turn out stuff like Pickman’s. That’s because only a real artist knows the actual anatomy of the terrible or the physiology of fearthe exact sort of lines and proportions that connect up with latent instincts or hereditary memories of fright. Anyhow.beyond life. the year before you went away. There’s something those fellows catch. They believed all sorts of things. but only a great painter can make such a thing really scare or ring true. I wouldn’t be alive if I’d ever seen what that man. He had a lot of 244 .that the fellow’s features and expression were slowly developing in a way he didn’t like. let’s have a drink before we get any deeper. you remember. when he showed that ‘Ghoul Feeding’. and was full of pompous ‘inside stuff’ about the biological or evolutionary significance of this or that mental or physical symptom. Doré had it.if he was a mansaw ! You recall that Pickman’s forte was faces. in a way that wasn’t human. he manages to turn out results that differ from the pretender’s mince-pie dreams in just about the same way that the life painter’s results differ from the concoctions of a correspondence-school cartoonist.still. I don’t have to tell you why a Fuseli really brings a shiver while a cheap ghost-story frontispiece merely makes us laugh.ever will again. wherever in thunder he got such ideas and visions. for the Middle Ages had some curious phases I remember your asking Pickman yourself once.that they’re able to make us catch for a second. If I had ever seen what Pickman saw. breathing things drawn from Nature or models and the artificial truck that commercial small fry reel off in a bare studio by rule. in ordinary art. and the proper colour contrasts and lighting effects to stir the dormant sense of strangeness. Any magazine-cover hack can splash paint around wildly and call it a nightmare or a Witches’ Sabbath or a portrait of the devil. either. And Pickman had it as no man ever had it before or. Reid. God. I should say that the really weird artist has a kind of vision which makes models. Well.but no! Here. He said Pickman repelled him more and more every day. had just taken up comparative pathology. too. or summons up what amounts to actual scenes from the spectral world he lives in.I hope to Heaven. Wasn’t that a nasty laugh he gave you? It was partly because of that laugh that Reid dropped him. you know. You know. and I never swenved an inch. there’s all the difference in the world between the vital. That. Angarola of Chicago has it. Sime has it. You know. was when Minot cut him. and almost frightened him towards the last. I don’t believe anybody since Goya could put so much of sheer hell into a set of features or a twist of expression. And before Goya you have to go back to the mediaeval chaps who did the gargoyles and chimaeras on Notre Dame and Mont Saint-Michel.and maybe they saw all sorts of things. Don’t ask me what it is they see.

‘You know. he’d put up with the slums for the sake of the massed traditions.things that are out of place here.the ghosts of beings highly organized enough to have looked on hell and known the meaning of what they saw. I verily believe.then. Don’t you know there was a mill on Copp’s Hill in 1632. I know I told him that myself. for that ‘Ghoul Feeding’ was a tremendous achievement. the club wouldn’t exhibit it. God. He showed me all the paintings and drawings he had about. I suppose you told Reid.talk about diet. so Pickman had it right in his house till he went. he might show me something rather unusualsomething a bit stronger than anything he had in the house. Before long I was pretty nearly a devotee. including some pen-and-ink sketches that would. houses that have 245 . and one evening he hinted that if I were fairly closemouthed and none too squeamish. and I can add that nobody would buy it. if you and he had any correspondence over it. I found him a mine of data and suggestions when I came to develop it.’ he said. but actually grew? Generation after generation lived and felt and died there. anyhow. and had a witch ancestor hanged in 1692. that he’d let Pickman’s paintings get on his nerves or harrow up his imagination. ‘The place for an artist to live is the North End. and would listen for hours like a schoolboy to art theories and philosophic speculations wild enough to qualify him for the Danvers asylum. Probably it was his work which put the idea into my head. and mid Pickman must be abnormal and eccentric to the last degree. As you know. If any aesthete were sincere. and I want human ghosts. and the Museum of Fine Arts wouldn’t accept it as a gift.you know Pickman comes of old Salem stock. and in days when people weren’t afraid to live and fed and die. My hero-worship.it isn’t anything yet. they’re the tame ghosts of a salt marsh and a shallow cove. ‘there are things that won’t do for Newbury Street. because it’s had no time to pick up memories and attract local spirits. It’s my business to catch the overtones of the soul. made him get very confidential with me. and anyhow. coupled with the fact that people generally were commencing to have less and less to do with him. man! Don’t you realize that places like that weren’t merely made. I got into the habit of calling on Pickman quite often. and you won’t find those in a parvenu set of artificial streets on made land. especially after I began making notes for a monograph on weird art. But keep in mind that I didn’t drop Pickman for anything like this. have got him kicked out of the club if many of the members had seen them. and that half the present streets were laid out by 1650? I can show you houses that have stood two centuries and a half and more. Now his father has it in Salem. If there are any ghosts here. On the contrary. Back Bay isn’t Boston. my admiration for him kept growing. and that can’t be conceived here.

I wish someone had laid a spell on him or sucked his blood in the night! ‘I can show you a house he lived in. pirates and what they brought in from the sea. What do maps and records and guide-books really tell of the North End? Bah! At a guess I’ll guarantee to lead you to thirty or forty alleys and networks of alleys north of Prince Street that aren’t suspected by ten living beings outside of the foreigners that swarm them. with Cotton Mather looking sanctimoniously on. there’s only one living soul. What do moderns know of life and the forces behind it? You call the Salem witchcraft a delusion. Or rather.faugh! And to think of today in contrast.things went on every day that they couldn’t reach. Look here. damn him. and I can show you another one he was afraid to enter in spite of all his fine bold talk. and how to enlarge the bounds of life. but I’ll wager my four-times-great-grandmother could have told you things. and the sea? Let them prosecute and persecute above ground. you’re interested in this sort of thing.for I haven’t been digging around in the past for nothing ! ‘See here. and voices laughed at night that they couldn’t place! ‘Why. And what do those Dagoes know of their meaning? No. There were witches and what their spells summoned. with such palepink brains that even a club of supposed artists gets shudders and convulsions if a picture goes beyond the feelings of a Beacon Street tea-table! ‘The only saving grace of the present is that it’s too damned stupid to question the past very closely. He knew things he didn’t dare put into that stupid Magnalia or that puerile Wonders of the Invisible World. They hanged her on Gallows Hill. and yet there’s not a living soul to understand or profit by them. these ancient places are dreaming gorgeously and over-flowing with wonder and terror and escapes from the commonplace. Thurber. in the old time! This wasn’t the only world a bold and wise man could know. and the burying ground. There’s hardly a month that you don’t read of workmen finding bricked-up arches and wells leading nowhere in this or that old place as it comes down. privateers. do you know the whole North End once had a set of tunnels that kept certain people in touch with each other’s houses. was afraid somebody might succeed in kicking free of this accursed cage of monotony. Mather. where I can catch the night-spirit of antique horror and paint things that I couldn’t even think of in Newbury Street? Naturally I don’t 246 . What if I told you that I’ve got another studio up there. man. out of ten surviving houses built before 1700 and not moved since I’ll wager that in eight I can show you something queer in the cellar. smugglers. people knew how to live.and I tell you.witnessed what would make a modern house crumble into powder.you could see one near Henchman Street from the elevated last year.

I didn’t keep track of the cross streets. but it’s centuries away as the soul goes. where the inspiration is thickest.tell those cursed old maids at the club . I’ve let myself go a bit there. so I did some exploring in places where I had reason to know terror lives. The windows are boarded up. broken smallpaned windows. Not long after this Pickman produced a flashlight and revealed an antediluvian ten-panelled door that looked damnably worm-eaten. for. and at about twelve o’clock had climbed down the steps at Battery Street and struck along the old waterfront past Constitution Wharf. but 247 . damn him.I sometimes do it on foot. and archaic chimneys that stood out half-disintegrated against the moonlit sky. though antiquarians tell us there are none left in Boston.simple. but I know it wasn’t Greenough Lane. and I’d hate to tell you how little I pay for it. ‘I’ve got a place that I don’t believe three living Nordic men besides myself have ever seen. We changed to the elevated at the South Station. When we did turn. of course. but I like that all the better. as I said. but I’ve other rooms furnished on the ground floor. since I don’t want daylight for what I do. I don’t believe there were three houses in sight that hadn’t been standing in Cotton Mather’s time. A Sicilian owns it. and after that the walk isn’t much. I decided long ago that one must paint terror as well as beauty from life. I took it because of the queer old brick well in the cellarone of the sort I told you about. with crumbling-looking gables. and once I thought I saw a peaked roof-line of the almost forgotten pre-gambrel type. Eliot. and I’ve hired it under the name of Peters. We can take the shuttle at the South Station for Battery Street.’ Well. there wasn’t much for me to do after that harangue but to keep myself from running instead of walking for the first vacant cab we could sight. Unlocking it. and can’t tell you yet which it was we turned up. I’ll take you there tonight. ‘Now. if you’re game. Thurber. I paint in the cellar. it was to climb through the deserted length of the oldest and dirtiest alley I ever saw in my life. The shack’s almost tumbling down so that nobody else would live there. I think you’d enjoy the pictures. for I don’t want to attract attention with a taxi in such a place. which had a dim light. From that alley. he ushered me into a barren hallway with what was once splendid dark-oak panelling. It’s no vast tour.certainly I glimpsed at least two with an overhang. whispering even as it is that I’m a sort of monster bound down the toboggan of reverse evolution. Yes. we turned to the left into an equally silent and still narrower alley with no light at all: and in a minute made what I think was an obtuse-angled bend towards the right in the dark.with Reid. It isn’t so very far from the elevated as distance goes.

that leered and slavered out of the canvas with the very breath of life! By God. you know . cliffs by the sea. their treasure-trove. while roughly bipedal. Most of the bodies. These figures were seldom completely human. had a forward slumping. And what damnable expressiveness Pickman sometimes gave the sightless faces of this charnel booty! Occasionally the things were shown leaping through open windows at night. and told me to make myself at home.or rather. They were sometimes shown in groups in cemeteries or underground passages. and the unbelievable loathsomeness and moral foetor came from simple touches quite beyond the power of words to classify.for Pickman’s morbid art was pre-eminently one of demoniac portraiture. It was the faces. and I’d seen much like this before.I won’t say on what. or simple vaults of masonry. Eliot.thrillingly suggestive of the times of Andros and Phipps and the Witchcraft.and he was right when he said he had ‘let himself go. brick tunnels. deep woods. was a favourite scene. none of the transSaturnian landscapes and lunar fungi that Clark Ashton Smith uses to freeze the blood. and often appeared to be in battle over their prey. those accursed faces. One canvas showed a ring of them baying about a hanged witch on Gallows Hill. There was none of the exotic technique you see in Sidney Sime. The madness and monstrosity lay in the figures in the foreground. lighted an oil lamp. Ugh! I can see them now! Their occupations .have another drink.’ Here. because the awful. which could not be many blocks away from this very house. But don’t get the idea that it was all this hideous business of theme and setting which struck me faint. Give me that decanter. Eliot! 248 . They were usually feeding.the ones he couldn’t paint or even show in Newbury Street.’ but I’ll confess that what I saw on the walls of that room gave me a bad turn. whose dead face held a close kinship to theirs. Now. don’t ask me to be too precise. and his brush had been a nightmare-spawning wand. The backgrounds were mostly old churchyards.I need one anyhow! There’s no use in my trying to tell you what they were like. the blasphemous horror. They were his pictures. I verily believe they were alive! That nauseous wizard had waked the fires of hell in pigment. I’m what the man in the street would call fairly ‘hard-boiled. I’m not a three-year-old kid. man. and a vaguely canine cast. Then he took me through a door on the left. or squatting on the chests of sleepers. ancient panelled rooms. Eliot.well. The texture of the majority was a kind of unpleasant rubberiness. but often approached humanity in varying degree. Copp’s Hill Burying Ground. worrying at their throats.

establishing a sardonic linkage and evolution. in spite of all this. that I ever saw it! Listen.but I think he fully understood and felt highly complimented. and I had to clutch at the doorway to keep from keeling over. It was that of a young man in years. than my eye caught a picture embodying that very thought.I was too speechless with fright and loathing. Pickman was showing what happens to those stolen babes.how they grow up. and clumsy seventeenth-century furniture. that next room forced a real scream out of me. Eliot. asking me if I would care to see his ‘modern studies. that I’d just about recovered my wind and gotten used to those frightful pictures which turned colonial New England into a kind of annex of hell.’ I hadn’t been able to give him much of my opinions. Remember. with the family sitting about while the father read from the Scriptures. It was their changeling. Well. how that man could paint! There was a study called ‘Subway Accident.you know the old myth about how the weird people leave their spawn in cradles in exchange for the human babes they steal. but that one reflected the mockery of the pit. By this time Pickman had lighted a lamp in an adjoining room and was politely holding open the door for me. and no doubt belonged to a supposed son of that pious father. He was. The other chamber had shown a pack of ghouls and witches over-running the world of our forefathers. with monsters creeping in through holes and rifts in the masonry 249 .and then I began to see a hideous relationship in the faces of the human and non-human figures. that I’m no mollycoddle to scream at anything which shows a bit of departure from the usual. Another showed a dance on Copp’s Hill among the tombs with the background of today. but in essence it was the kin of the unclean things.a heavily beamed room with lattice windows. And now I want to assure you again. but this one brought the horror right into our own daily life! God. in all his gradations of morbidity between the frankly nonhuman and the degradedly human.can you fancy a squatting circle of nameless dog-like things in a churchyard teaching a small child how to feed like themselves? The price of a changeling. a settle. and I guess you saw enough of me in France to know I’m not easily knocked out. The dog-things were developed from mortals! And no sooner had I wondered what he made of their own young as left with mankind in the form of changelings. It was that of an ancient Puritan interior. too.’ in which a flock of the vile things were clambering up from some unknown catacomb through a crack in the floor of the Boston Street subway and attacking a crowd of people on the platform. Every face but one showed nobility and reverence. I’m middle-aged and decently sophisticated. I suppose.and in a spirit of supreme irony Pickman had given the features a very perceptible resemblance to his own.There was one thing called ‘The Lesson’.Heaven pity me. Then there were any number of cellar views.

where scores of the beasts crowded about one who had a well-known Boston guidebook and was evidently reading aloud.world which he saw fully. One disgusting canvas seemed to depict a vast cross-section of Beacon Hill. Dances in the modern cemeteries were freely pictured. with ant-like armies of the mephitic monsters squeezing themselves through burrows that honeycombed the ground. and almost scientific realist. mechanistic. revealing the circular brick curb of what was evidently a great well in the earthen floor. outlines were sharp and lifelike. As we reached the bottom of the damp stairs he fumed his flash-light to a corner of the large open space at hand.in conception and in execution. and details were almost painfully defined.a scene in an unknown vault. That was it. one thing was plain. these things repelled because of the utter inhumanity and callous crudity they showed in Pickman. they terrified because of their very greatness. or where he ever glimpsed the blasphemous shapes that loped and trotted and crawled through it. by Heaven! The man was not a fantaisiste or romanticist at all. Lowell and Longfellow Lie Buried in Mount Auburn. ‘Holmes. crystal clear in stark objectivity. The fellow must be a relentless enemy of all mankind to take such glee in the torture of brain and flesh and the degradation of the mortal tenement. and another conception somehow shocked me more than all the rest. All were pointing to a certain passage. and every face seemed so distorted with epileptic and reverberant laughter that I almost thought I heard the fiendish echoes. or conventionalized. In the second place. brilliantly. We walked nearer. but coldly and sardonically reflected some stable. And the queer part was. painstaking. The title of the picture was. that Pickman got none of his power from the use of selectiveness or bizarrerie. Nothing was blurred. My host was now leading the way down the cellar to his actual studio. In the first place. I began to analyse some of the points in my sickening loathing. but whatever the baffling source of his images.and grinning as they squatted behind barrels or furnaces and waited for their first victim to descend the stairs.’ As I gradually steadied myself and got readjusted to this second room of deviltry and morbidity. I said to myself. squarely. it was pandemonium itself. And the faces! It was not any mere artist’s interpretation that we saw. prismatic ephemera of dreams.he did not even try to give us the churning.a thorough. and unfalteringly. and well-established horror.when we saw the pictures we saw the demons themselves and were afraid of them. Their art was the art that convinced. and I braced myself for some hellish efforts among the unfinished canvases. God knows what that world can have been. Pickman was in every sense. distorted. and I saw that it must be five 250 .

The unfinished pictures on easels or propped against the walls were as ghastly as the finished ones upstairs. and it held in bony claws a thing that had been a man. but I don’t know how much was real and how much was feverish fancy.solid work of the seventeenth century. and Pickman told me that he used it in taking scenes for backgrounds. and that a heavy disc of wood formed the apparent cover. was the kind of thing he had been talking about. and drooling lips. and declared he employed them regularly. 251 . But damn it all. with walls a good foot thick and some six inches above the ground level. gnawing at the head as a child nibbles at a stick of candy. It wasn’t the scaly claws nor the mould-caked body nor the half-hooved feet. That. Its position was a kind of crouch. Pickman said. flat nose. or I was much mistaken. nor the dog face with its pointed ears. so that he might paint them from photographs in the studio instead of carting his oufit around the town for this or that view. provided with a wooden floor and furnished as a studio. A large camera on a table excited my notice. It echoed and echoed through the dim vaultings of that ancient and nitrous cellar. Thinking of the things this well must have been connected with if Pickman’s wild hints had not been mere rhetoric. and I had to choke back a flood of reaction that threatened to burst out as hysterical laughter. Merciful Creator! Eliot. though any one of them might well have driven an excitable man to madness. and when Pickman suddenly unveiled a huge canvas on the side away from the light I could not for my life keep back a loud scream. and pencilled guide lines told of the minute exactitude which Pickman used in getting the right perspective and proportions. and showed the painstaking methods of the artist. and as one looked one felt that at any moment it might drop its present prey and seek a juicier morsel. Scenes were blocked out with extreme care.the second I had emitted that night. knowing as much as I do. I shivered slightly. An acetylene gas outfit gave the light necessary for work.feet across. I noticed idly that it did not seem to be bricked up. then turned to follow him up a step and through a narrow door into a room of fair size.an aperture of the network of tunnels that used to undermine the hill. The man was great.I say it even now. it wasn’t even the fiendish subject that made it such an immortal fountainhead of all panic. There was something very disturbing about the nauseous sketches and halffinished monstrosities that leered round from every side of the room. It doesn’t seem to me that earth can hold a dream like that! It was a colossal and nameless blasphemy with glaring red eyes.not that. bloodshot eyes. He thought a photograph quite as good as an actual scene or model for sustained work.none of these.

and now he seemed struck with a fright which. ‘The deuce knows what they eat. though not comparable to my own. It was like heavy wood falling on stone or brick. Better be cautious in these old places. Thurber. Then there came a subdued sort of clatter which somehow set me all in gooseflesh. Your yelling stirred them up. Eliot. ‘for those archaic tunnels touched graveyard and witch-den and sea-coast. Eliot. The monster was there. Then more wood and brick grating. He drew a revolver and motioned me to silence. Pickman reappeared with his smoking weapon. that was the end of the night’s adventure. they must have run short. and the deafening discharge of all six chambers of a revolver.a furtive. I fancy.It was the technique.probably. when suddenly I saw Pickman start as if shot. and louder.’ he grinned. a photograph from which Pickman meant to paint a background as hideous as the nightmare it was to enhance.wood on brick.at which I’ll confess I started violently. I never elsewhere saw the actual breath of life so fused into a canvas. fired spectacularly as a lion tamer might fire in the air for effect.it glared and gnawed and gnawed and glaredand I knew that only a suspension of Nature’s laws could ever let a man paint a thing like that without a model.our rodent friends are the one drawback.without some glimpse of the nether world which no mortal unsold to the Fiend has ever had.’ Well. He had been listening with peculiar intensity ever since my shocked scream had waked unaccustomed echoes in the dark cellar. a pause. then stepped out into the main cellar and closed the door behind him. groping kind of clatter.what did that make me think of? It came again. a shouted gibberish from Pickman. A muffled squeal or squawk. the impious. had in it more of the physical than of the spiritual. I reached out to uncurl and look at it. cursing the bloated rats that infested the ancient well. Pinned with a thumb-tack to a vacant part of the canvas was a piece of paper now badly curled up. and a series of squeals or beats in a direction I couldn’t determine. Pickman had promised to show me the place. and a thud.the cursed. Imitating Pickman’s listening. and the opening of the door. After that followed a sharp grating noise. He led me out of that 252 . for they were devilish anxious to get out. though I sometimes think they’re a positive asset by way of atmosphere and colour. the unnatural technique! As I am a living being. But whatever it is. though I can’t attempt to convey what I mean in words. There was a vibration as if the wood had fallen farther than it had fallen before. I thought. I thought of huge rats and shuddered. I fancied I heard a faint scurrying sound somewhere. I think I was paralysed for an instant. and Heaven knows he had done it.

the curled-up paper tacked to the frightful canvas in the cellar. the thing I thought was a photograph of some scene he meant to use as a background for that monster. I remember that wall. It was. That last scare had come while I was reaching to uncurl it. Wait till I ring for coffee. and walked back downtown through Hanover Street. it seems. the greatest artist I have ever known. I never spoke to him again.take it black. it was a photograph from life! 253 . Don’t ask me.and the foulest being that ever leaped the bounds of life into the pits of myth and madness. Don’t ask me to explain or even conjecture about what I burned. if you’re wise. Eliot. There are secrets. Yes. No -it wasn’t the paintings I saw in that place. and I guess you won’t wonder now why I have to steer clear of subways and cellars. let’s have the chandelier going. for he’s gone.tangle of alleys in another direction.that paper wasn’t a photograph of any background. It was the model he was using. it turned out to be. or he’d found a way to unlock the forbidden gate. But by God. and it seems I had vacantly crumpled it into my pocket. Either he was born in strange shadow. Eliot. and Cotton Mather tells even stranger things.and its background was merely the wall of the cellar studio in minute detail. after all. We were too late for the elevated. though I’ll swear they were enough to get him ostracised in nine-tenths of the homes and clubs of Boston. for when we sighted a lamp-post we were in a half-familiar street with monotonous rows of mingled tenement blocks and old houses. Richard Upton Pickman. Well . what lay behind that mole-like scrambling Pickman was so keen to pass off as rats. you know. either.how we all wondered where he got those faces. It’s all the same now. What it showed was simply the monstrous being he was painting on that awful canvas. You know how damned lifelike Pickman’s paintings were. Why did I drop him? Don’t be impatient. and Pickman left me at the corner of Joy. Here.old Reid was right.something I found in my coat the next morning. We’ve had enough of the other stuff.back into the fabulous darkness he loved to haunt. Charter Street. Eliot. that paper was the reason I dropped Pickman. but I was too flustered to notice just where we hit it. We switched from Tremont up Beacon. But here’s the coffee. where I turned off. You know. which might have come down from old Salem times. He wasn’t strictly human. but I for one need something.

had crawled a quarter of the way around the horizon. sometimes under the hot. And in the autumn of the year. And when the red Aldebaran had crawled more than half-way around the horizon. but at once noble and familiar. on the cloudy nights when I could not sleep. Long did I gaze on the city. which blinked low in the sky but never set. while Charles’ Wain lumbers up from behind the vapour-soaked swamp trees that sway in the night wind. but still the Pole Star leers down from the same place in the black vault. yellow rays of a 254 . and pavements. All through the long hellish hours of blackness it shines there. and Coma Berenices shimmers weirdly afar off in the mysterious east. glowed that watching Pole Star. Down from the heights reels the glittering Cassiopeia as the hours wear on. Of ghastly marble were its walls and its towers. domes. winking hideously like an insane watching eye which strives to convey some strange message. but the day came not. After the beam came clouds. on a strange plateau in a hollow between strange peaks. when over the swamp played the shocking corruscations of the demon light. Still and somnolent did it lie. and within my soul had arisen another and vaguer recollection. Forms strangely robed. I saw the city often. In the marble streets were marble pillars. And it was under a horned waning moon that I saw the city for the first time. Thereafter. The air was warm and stirred not. there were again darkness and silence. When the red Aldebaran. walked abroad and under the horned waning moon men talked wisdom in a tongue which I understood. though it was unlike any language which I had ever known. when it is cloudy. Well do I remember the night of the great Aurora. I can sleep. Just before dawn Arcturus winks ruddily from above the cemetary on the low hillock. I was not as I had been. and the red-leaved trees of the swamp mutter things to one another in the small hours of the morning under the horned waning moon. of whose nature I was not then certain.Polaris Written in 1918 Published December in 1920 in The Philosopher Into the North Window of my chamber glows the Pole Star with uncanny light. and then I slept. Upon my memory was graven the vision of the city. Sometimes. I sit by the casement and watch that star. I saw light and motion in the houses and the streets. And overhead. its columns. the upper parts of which were carven into the images of grave bearded men. scarce ten degrees from the zenith. When I awaked. yet recalls nothing save that it once had a message to convey. when the winds from the north curse and whine.

and of the advance of the Inutos. was commander of all the forces on the plateau. squat. and perceived that I had at last a bodily form. there to serve as the eyes of our army. I said to myself. cannibal Gnophkehs that stood in their way. To the watchtower of Thapnen he sent me. to sustain the traditions of their ancestors. betwixt the peaks of Noton and Kadiphonek. unless every citizen could resist with the strength of ten men. Having taken the fortified places at the foot of the mountains. It was my friend Alos who spoke. For the squat creatures were mighty in the arts of war. I was to give the signal of fire which would warn the waiting soldiers and save the town from immediate disaster. their way now lay open to the plateau. for I was feeble and given to strange faintings when subjected to stress and hardships. and knew not the scruples of honour which held back our tall. But my eyes were the keenest in the city. hellish yellow fiends who five years ago had appeared out of the unknown west to ravage the confines of our kingdom. who when forced to move southward from Zobna before the advance of the great ice sheet (even as our descendents must some day flee from the land of Lomar) valiently and victoriously swept aside the hairly. I felt a change. and in him lay the last hope of our country. Gradually I came to wonder what might be my place in that city on the strange plateau betwixt strange peaks. rewarded me with that duty which was second to nothing in importance.sun which did not set. and his speech was one that pleased my soul. so my friend. but which wheeled low in the horizon. where the Pole Star peeps into my north window each night?” One night as I listened to the discourses in the large square containing many statues. and to speak my mind amongst the grave men who conversed each day in the public squares. despite the long hours I gave each day to the study of the Pnakotic manuscripts and the wisdom of the Zobnarian Fathers. On this occasion he spoke of the perils to be faced and exhorted the men of Olathoe. long-armed. Nor was I a stranger in the streets of Olathoe. At first content to view the scene as an allobservant uncorporeal presence. for it was the speech of a true man and patriot. “This is no dream. desiring not to doom me to inaction. Alos. my friend. bravest of the Lomarians. which lies on the plateau of Sarkia. That night had the news come of Daikos’ fall. grey-eyed men of Lomar from ruthless conquest. To me Alos denied the warriors part. 255 . And on the clear nights the Pole Star leered as never before. Should the Inutos attempt to gain the citadel by the narrow pass behind the peak Noton and thereby surprise the garrison. I now desired to define my relation to it. for by what means can I prove the greater reality of that other life in the house of stone and brick south of the sinister swamp and the cemetery on the low hillock. and to besiege many of our towns.

I have failed in my duties and betrayed the marble city of Olathoe. for they laugh at me and tell me I am not dreaming. and never a man save squat. They say there is no land of Lomar. heavy and reeling. and when next I looked up it was in a dream. But still these shadows of my dreams deride me. till the spheres. soothing me to traitorous somnolence with a damnable rhythmical promise which it repeated over and over: Slumber. I have proven false to Alos. but these creatures are demons. and the marble city Olathoe that lies betwixt the peaks Noton and Kadiphonek. begging the dreamcreatures around me to waken me ere the Inutos steal up the pass behind the peak Noton and take the citadel by surprise. Six and twenty thousand years Have revolv’d. They mock me whilst I sleep. with the Pole Star grinning at me through a window from over the horrible and swaying trees of a dream swamp. Vainly did I struggle with my drowsiness. blighted by the cold. fluttering as if alive. And I am still dreaming. my friend and commander. But as I stood in the tower’s topmost chamber. quivering through the vapours that hovered over the distant valley of Banof. My brain was sore dazed with excitement and fatigue. yet was my purpose firm. watcher. And through an opening in the roof glittered the pale Pole Star. Stars that soothe and stars that bless With a sweet forgetfulness: Only when my round is o’er Shall the past disturb thy door. In my shame and despair I sometimes scream frantically.” 256 . seeking to connect these strange words with some lore of the skies which I had learnt from the Pnakotic manuscripts. and whilst the squat yellow foe may be creeping silently upon us. and I return To the spot where now I burn. drooped to my breast. and leering like a fiend and tempter. I beheld the horned waning moon.Alone I mounted the tower. yellow creatures. called “Esquimaux. Methought its spirit whispered evil counsel. there has been naught save ice and snow for thousands of years of years. and red Aldebaran crawls low around the horizon. My head. red and sinister. Other stars anon shall rise To the axis of the skies. for every man of stout body was needed in the passes below. for I loved my native land of Lomar. for I had not slept in many days. that in these realms where the Pole Star shines high. save in my nocturnal imaginings.

winking hideously like an insane watching eye which strives to convey some message. frantic to save the city whose peril every moment grows.And as I writhe in my guilty agony. 257 . and vainly striving to shake off this unnatural dream of a house of stone and brick south of a sinister swamp and a cemetery on a low hillock. the Pole Star. evil and monstrous. yet recalls nothing save that it once had a message to convey. leers down from the black vault.

Counts. These ancient turrets. ninety long years ago. and the falling stones of the walls. until at last but a single tower housed the sadly reduced descendants of the once mighty lords of the estate. My parents I never knew. then another of the four great turrets were left to ruin. an old and trusted man of considerable intelligence. the illpaved courtyards. serving as a home and stronghold for the proud house whose honored line is older even than the moss-grown castle walls. the dry and dusty moat. I was an only child and the lack of companionship which this fact entailed upon me was augmented by the strange care exercised by my aged guardian. But since those glorious years. stained by the storms of generations and crumbling under the slow yet mighty pressure of time. the wild ravines and grottos of the hillside below. first saw the light of day. crowning the grassy summit of a swelling mount whose sides are wooded near the base with the gnarled trees of the primeval forest stands the old chateau of my ancestors. and toppling towers without.The Alchemist Written in 1908 Published November 1916 in The United Amateur High up. my care and education devolved solely upon one remaining servitor. have prevented the scions of our line from maintaining their estates in pristine splendour. Within these walls and amongst the dark and shadowy forests. a month before I was born. From its machicolated parapets and mounted battlements Barons. A poverty but little above the level of dire want. all is changed. the worm-eaten wainscots. last of the unhappy and accursed Counts de C-. It was in one of the vast and gloomy chambers of this remaining tower that I. were spent the first years of my troubled life. formed in the ages of feudalism one of the most dreaded and formidable fortresses in all France. For centuries its lofty battlements have frowned down upon the wild and rugged countryside about. the overgrown vegetation in the parks. and even Kings had been defied. all tell a gloomy tale of fallen grandeur. first one. As the ages passed. whose name I remember as Pierre. My father had been killed at the age of thirty-two. and the faded tapestries within. And my mother having died at my birth. Antoine. yet never had its spacious halls resounded to the footsteps of the invader. as well as the sagging floors. together with a pride of name that forbids its alleviation by the pursuits of commercial life. by the fall of a stone somehow dislodged from one of the deserted parapets of the castle. in excluding me from the society of the peasant children whose abodes were scattered here and there upon the plains 258 .

He had studied beyond the custom of his kind. It was perhaps an effect of such surroundings that my mind early acquired a shade of melancholy. Michel. Whilst I had hitherto considered this but a natural attribute of a family of short-lived men. who often spoke of a curse which for centuries had prevented the lives of the holders of my title from much exceeding the span of thirty-two years. usually designated by the surname of Mauvais. I spent the hours of my childhood in poring over the ancient tomes that filled the shadow haunted library of the chateau. let slip from the unwilling tongue which had begun to falter in approaching senility. and continued by each possessor. and its perusal confirmed the gravest of my apprehensions. seeking such things as the Philosopher’s Stone or the Elixir of Eternal Life. yet as I grew out of childhood. At this time. The circumstance to which I allude is the early age at which all the Counts of my line had met their end. when the old castle in which I sat had been a feared and impregnable fortress. Those studies and pursuits which partake of the dark and occult in nature most strongly claimed my attention. on account of his sinister reputation. though little above the rank of peasant. Now I know that its real object was to keep from my ears the idle tales of the dread curse upon our line that were nightly told and magnified by the simple tenantry as they conversed in hushed accents in the glow of their cottage hearths. Upon my twenty-first birthday. Thus isolated. and in roaming without aim or purpose through the perpetual dust of the spectral wood that clothes the side of the hill near its foot. The paper carried me back to the days of the thirteenth century. I was able to piece together disconnected fragments of discourse. the Evil. At that time. and began to connect them with the wanderings of the old man. my belief in the supernatural was firm and deep-seated. Pierre said that this restriction was imposed upon me because my noble birth placed me above association with such plebeian company. but which now became dimly terrible. Its contents were of the most startling nature. that had a sort of relation to a certain circumstance which I had always deemed strange. and thrown upon my own resources. else I should have dismissed with scorn the incredible narrative unfolded before my eyes. by name. yet what small knowledge of it I was able to gain seemed to depress me much. Of my own race I was permitted to learn singularly little. Perhaps it was at first only the manifest reluctance of my old preceptor to discuss with me my paternal ancestry that gave rise to the terror which I ever felt at the mention of my great house. and was reputed 259 . I afterward pondered long upon these premature deaths. It told of a certain ancient man who had once dwelled on our estates. a person of no small accomplishments. the aged Pierre gave to me a family document which he said had for many generations been handed down from father to son.that surround the base of the hill.

so that when Godfrey. This pair. whilst the youth had for his parent a more than filial affection. invaded the cottage of the sorcerers and there came upon old Michel Mauvais. and was buried the next day. Without certain cause. his victim was no more. headed by the frantic father. the next young Count. the evil old man loved his offspring with fierce intensity. Yet through the dark natures of the father and son ran one redeeming ray of humanity. One night the castle on the hill was thrown into the wildest confusion by the vanishment of young Godfrey. son to Henri. The excited chatter of the menials standing about told him what had occurred. telling too late that poor Michel had been killed in vain. but little more than two and thirty years from the hour of his birth. yet he seemed at first unmoved at his father’s fate. named Charles. though relentless bands of peasants scoured the neighboring woods and the meadowland around the hill. ‘May ne’er a noble of Survive to reach a greater age than thine!’ thy murd’rous line spake he.wise in the terrible secrets of Black Magic and Alchemy. a youth as proficient as himself in the hidden arts. Michel Mauvais had one son. But when. joyful servants were proclaiming the finding of young Godfrey in a distant and unused chamber of the great edifice. No trace of the assassin could be found. As the Count and his associates turned away from the lowly abode of the alchemist. was found dead in a nearby field of no apparent cause. or the Wizard. innocent cause of the whole tragedy and now bearing the title. was killed by an arrow whilst hunting at the age of thirty-two. slowly advancing to meet the Count. and the unaccountable disappearance of many small peasant children was laid at the dreaded door of these two. shunned by all honest folk. Robert by name. Meanwhile. the Count laid hands on the aged wizard. The Count died without utterance. he drew from his tunic a phial of colourless liquid which he threw into the face of his father’s slayer as he disappeared behind the inky curtain of the night. years afterward. who had therefore been called Le Sorcier. and ere he released his murderous hold. the form of Charles Le Sorcier appeared through the trees. busy over a huge and violently boiling cauldron. Old Michel was said to have burnt his wife alive as a sacrifice to the Devil. he pronounced in dull yet terrible accents the curse that ever afterward haunted the house of C-. were suspected of the most hideous practices. the peasants told in whispers that their seigneur had but lately passed his thirty-second birthday when surprised 260 . Then. there were no thoughts save those of grief at his demise. Thus time and the want of a reminder dulled the memory of the curse in the minds of the late Count’s family. when. A searching party. the Count. in the ungoverned madness of fury and despair. suddenly leaping backwards into the black woods.

which in youth fear had caused me to shun. I kept a most careful record. I would fall back to occult studies. as wrapt as had been old Michel and young Charles themselves in the acquisition of demonological and alchemical learning. modern science had produced no impression upon me. Cobwebs in a profusion never before seen by me were spun everywhere. Furniture. Of my exact age. Since most of my ancestors had been seized some little while before they reached the exact age of Count Henri at his end. At length I approached that time which I had so long viewed with apprehension. and huge bats flapped their bony and uncanny wings on all sides of the otherwise untenanted gloom. That I had left at most but eleven years of further existence was made certain to me by the words which I had read. I knew not. covered by the dust of ages and crumbling with the rot of long dampness. and some of which old Pierre had once told me had not been trodden by human foot for over four centuries. met my eyes. Roberts. and once more endeavor to find a spell. now became dearer to me each day. son to Robert. and I laboured as in the Middle Ages. and thus down through the centuries ran the ominous chronicle: Henris. previously held at small value.by early death. in no manner could I account for the strange curse upon my line. to become almost reconciled to the fate which so many of my ancestors had met. As I drew near the age of thirty. having found upon careful inquiry that there were no known descendants of the alchemist. since no other branch of my family was in existence. as I delved deeper and deeper into the mysteries of the hidden world of black magic. and Armands snatched from happy and virtuous lives when little below the age of their unfortunate ancestor at his murder. Upon one thing I was absolutely resolved. Yet read as I might. for each movement of the pendulum of the massive clock in the library told off so much of my doomed existence. Antoines. I was every moment on the watch for the coming of the unknown death. I should never wed. In unusually rational moments I would even go so far as to seek a natural explanation. Thus was I left to ponder on myself as the only human creature within the great fortress. for. but I was resolved at 261 . My life. attributing the early deaths of my ancestors to the sinister Charles Le Sorcier and his heirs. that would release my house from its terrible burden. Much of my time was now occupied in the exploration of the ruined and abandoned halls and towers of the old chateau. Strange and awesome were many of the objects I encountered. and in my utter solitude my mind began to cease its vain protest against the impending doom. even down to days and hours. In what strange form the curse should overtake me. yet. Louis. Isolated as I was. was found drowned in the moat at the same fateful age. old Pierre was called to the land beyond. I might thus end the curse with myself. Alone I buried him beneath the stones of the courtyard about which he had loved to wander in life.

and soon I saw by the light of my flickering torch that a blank. and terminated in a massive oaken door. I heard the heavy door behind me creak slowly open upon its rusted hinges. I sought the lower levels. There in the ancient Gothic doorway stood a human figure. and his hands. As soon as the torch which I lowered into the repellent depths burned freely and steadily. high beyond the usual dimensions. water-stained wall impeded my journey. His forehead. Without warning. This passage proved of great length. As the afternoon progressed. long. and stoutly resisting all my attempts to open it. With new vigour I applied myself to my examination of the old chateau and its contents. It was that of a man clad in a skull-cap and long mediaeval tunic of dark colour. The steps were many. beyond which I could have not even the slightest hope of continuing to draw breath that I came upon the culminating event of my whole life. His figure. the paving became very damp. and gnarled. Turning to retrace my steps. were of such a deadly marble-like whiteness as I have never elsewhere seen in man. As I slowly traversed the nitre-encrusted passageway at the foot of the last staircase. my eyes must have started from their orbits at the sight that they beheld. To be confronted in a place as thoroughly deserted as I had deemed the old castle with evidence of the presence of man or spirit produced in my brain a horror of the most acute description. and of incredible profusion. which lay directly beneath my foot. whereupon there was revealed a black aperture. deepsunken and heavily lined with wrinkles. I commenced my descent. Pausing. Ceasing after a time my efforts in this direction. less than a week before that fatal hour which I felt must mark the utmost limit of my stay on earth. or a more recently excavated storehouse for gunpowder. my eye fell upon a small trapdoor with a ring. his cheeks. My immediate sensations were incapable of analysis. But 262 . and led to a narrow stone-flagged passage which I knew must be far underground. I had spent the better part of the morning in climbing up and down half ruined staircases in one of the most dilapidated of the ancient turrets. exhaling noxious fumes which caused my torch to sputter.least that it should not find me a cowardly or a passive victim. His long hair and flowing beard were of a terrible and intense black hue. dripping with the moisture of the place. It was upon one of the longest of all my excursions of discovery in the deserted portion of the castle. I had proceeded back some distance toward the steps when there suddenly fell to my experience one of the most profound and maddening shocks capable of reception by the human mind. When at last I turned and faced the seat of the sound. was strangely bent and almost lost within the voluminous folds of his peculiar garment. I succeeded with difficulty in raising it. lean to the proportions of a skeleton. descending into what appeared to be either a mediaeval place of confinement. and disclosing in the unsteady glare the top of a flight of stone steps. claw-like.

with a shocking sound like the hissing of a serpent. but suddenly the fiendish glare returned and. Prompted by some preserving instinct of self-defense. forced poison down his throat. piercing my soul with their hatred. six hundred years before. thus maintaing the foul provisions of his vengeful curse. and gloated over the revenge of Charles Le Sorcier. I heard the phial break harmlessly against the stones of the passage as the tunic of the strange man caught fire and lit the horrid scene with a ghastly radiance. the stranger raised a glass phial with the evident intent of ending my life as had Charles Le Sorcier. told me of my coming end. ended that of my ancestor. how the curse had been fulfilled since that time when Charles Le Sorcier must in the course of nature have died. I asked myself. and made familiar to me by my prolonged researches into the works of the old alchemists and demonologists. I broke through the spell that had hitherto held me immovable. profound in expression of understanding. yet curiosity over-mastered all. speaking most particularly of the researches of Charles Le Sorcier concerning the elixir which should grant to him who partook of it eternal life and youth. how he had seized Robert. shrank from the idea of beholding any more. was this man of evil. At this point I was left to imagine the solution of the greatest mystery of all. unknown. how he had secretly returned to the estate and established himself. Who. and I fell prone upon the slimy floor in a total faint. and 263 . father and son. in the even then deserted subterranean chamber whose doorway now framed the hideous narrator. and flung my now dying torch at the creature who menaced my existence. and my mind. for the man digressed into an account of the deep alchemical studies of the two wizards. all was frightfully dark. The shriek of fright and impotent malice emitted by the would-be assassin proved too much for my already shaken nerves.strangest of all were his eyes. The apparition spoke of the curse which had hovered over my house. and rooting me to the spot whereon I stood. son of Godfrey. dwelt on the wrong perpetrated by my ancestor against old Michel Mauvais. returning in after years to kill Godfrey the heir with an arrow just as he approached the age which had been his father’s at his assassination. The language in which the discourse was clothed was that debased form of Latin in use amongst the more learned men of the Middle Ages. twin caves of abysmal blackness. and left him to die at the age of thirty-two. remembering what had occurred. When at last my senses returned. These were now fixed upon me. His enthusiasm had seemed for the moment to remove from his terrible eyes the black malevolence that had first so haunted me. yet inhuman in degree of wickedness. in a field. He told how young Charles has escaped into the night. At last the figure spoke in a rumbling voice that chilled me through with its dull hollowness and latent malevolence.

I seemed to hear emanating from it a faint sound. it is I! I! I! that have lived for six hundred years to maintain my revenge. It may have been gold. I turned away and entered the chamber beyond the Gothic door.how came he within the castle walls? Why should he seek to avenge the death of Michel Mauvais. I burned with the desire to learn more of the sinister thing which had haunted my line for centuries. Then all at once the horrible eyes. yet now realizing how the man had obtained access to the chauteau. I proceeded to return. helpless as I saw my opponent to be. opened wide with an expression which I was unable to interpret. Disliking the sight. I turned to examine the charred and shrivelled figure on the floor. for I was strangely affected by that which I had undergone. and how bad the curse been carried on through all the long centuries since the time of Charles Le Sorcier? The dread of years was lifted from my shoulder. blacker even than the seared face in which they were set. First of all. and lit the unused torch which I had with me. Filled with wonder. as I approached the body. as though life were not yet wholly extinct. Here I found what seemed much like an alchemist’s laboratory. as I remained. At the farther end of the apartment was an opening leading out into one of the many wild ravines of the dark hillside forest. ‘Can you not guess my secret? Have you no brain whereby you may recognize the will which has through six long centuries fulfilled the dreadful curse upon the house? Have I not told you of the great elixir of eternal life? Know you not how the secret of Alchemy was solved? I tell you. Aghast. and made of my own youth one long-continued nightmare. but I did not pause to examine it. the pitchy eyes once more flashed malevolently at me. raised his piteous head from the damp and sunken pavement. At my evident ignorance of his meaning. he found his voice and in his dying breath screamed forth those words which have ever afterward haunted my days and nights. In one corner was an immense pile of shining yellow metal that sparkled gorgeously in the light of the torch. paralyzed with fear. The hideous eyes were now closed. Suddenly the wretch. I trembled as I watched him. Determined upon further exploration. and now that I was free. for I knew that he whom I had felled was the source of all my danger from the curse. new light revealed the distorted and blackened form of the mysterious stranger. Once I caught the name of Charles Le Sorcier. I had intended to pass by the remains of the stranger with averted face but. ‘Fool!’ he shrieked. Then. Still I was at a loss to gather the purport of his disconnnected speech. The cracked lips tried to frame words which I could not well understand. I felt in my pockets for flint and steel. animated with his last burst of strength. and again I fancied that the words ‘years’ and ‘curse’ issued from the twisted mouth. until. for I am Charles Le Sorcier!’ 264 .

1905 Published in June 1918 in The Vagrant The horrible conclusion which had been gradually intruding itself upon my confused and reluctant mind was now an awful certainty. death in strange and ghastly form. of this I was certain. wandering for over an hour in forbidden avenues of the cave. completely. but stood quiet as soon as I clearly realised the loss of my bearings. or scan the pleasant bills and dales of the beautiful world outside. and had wondered what unnatural influence a 265 . Turn as I might. but I felt that this end would not be mine. I knew. Starving would prove my ultimate fate. with its steady. had found myself unable to retrace the devious windings which I had pursued since forsaking my companions. who. then was this terrible yet majestic cavern as welcome a sepulchre as that which any churchyard might afford. my reason could no longer entertain the slightest unbelief. unsteady light. hopelessly lost in the vast and labyrinthine recess of the Mammoth Cave. and peaceful quiet. I experienced none of these. I was lost. I had seen the sad remains of their ill-made cottages as I passed them by with the party. pure air. taking their residence in this gigantic grotto to find health from the apparently salubrious air of the underground world. I derived no small measure of satisfaction from my unimpassioned demeanour. If I must die. indoctrinated as I was by a life of philosophical study. uniform temperature. That nevermore should I behold the blessed light of day. I reflected. Some. for although I had frequently read of the wild frenzies into which were thrown the victims of similar situations. I idly wondered over the exact circumstances of my coming end. soon I would be enveloped by the total and almost palpable blackness of the bowels of the earth. Yet. My disaster was the result of no fault save my own. a conception which carried with it more of tranquillity than of despair. had found. Nor did the thought that I had probably wandered beyond the utmost limits of an ordinary search cause me to abandon my composure even for a moment. Already my torch had begun to expire. and. had gone mad under circumstances such as these. As I stood in the waning. in no direction could my straining vision seize on any object capable of serving as a guidepost to set me on the outward path.The Beast in the Cave Written on April 21. I remembered the accounts which I had heard of the colony of consumptives. since unknown to the guide I had separated myself from the regular party of sightseers. instead. Hope had departed.

bore to my benumbed understanding the unexpected and dreadful knowledge that these footfalls were not like those of any mortal man. As the last fitful rays of my torch faded into obscurity. I set up a series of loud shoutings. Yet. Perhaps. the animal evidently having obtained my scent. and that my voice. I believed in my heart that my cries were to no purpose. I determined nevertheless to part with my life at as high a price as I could command. no possible means of escape neglected. following my course and seeking me out in this limestone labyrinth? Whilst these joyful queries arose in my brain. was stirred in my breast. in order that my discovery might come the sooner. when I listened carefully. lose its direction as had I. for my ever acute ear. for the strange footfalls steadily advanced. I became very quiet. as I called. and stealthy. All at once. in the vain hope of attracting the attention of the guide by my clamour. however. as of the paws of some feline. and though escape from the oncoming peril might but spare me for a sterner and more lingering end. Was my deliverance about to be accomplished so soon? Had. Besides. Now.long sojourn in this immense and silent cavern would exert upon one as healthy and vigorous as I. the Almighty had chosen for me a swifter and more merciful death than that of hunger. But this hope was not destined for realisation. In the unearthly stillness of this subterranean region. in the hope that the unknown beast would. now sharpened in even greater degree by the complete silence of the cave. having marked my unwarranted absence from the party. my mind conceived of no intent on the part of the visitor save that of hostility. provided that want of food should not bring me too speedy a departure from this life. I was on the point of renewing my cries. which in an atmosphere so absolutely free from all 266 . These impacts were soft. and was the guide. I considered. and thus pass me by. magnified and reflected by the numberless ramparts of the black maze about me. I grimly told myself. I resolved to leave no stone unturned. all my horrible apprehensions been for naught. when in an instant my delight was turned to horror as I listened. in the absence of a guiding sound. I was now convinced that I had by my own cries aroused and attracted some wild beast. fell upon no ears save my own. I seemed to trace the falls of four instead of two feet. my opportunity for settling this point had arrived. summoning all the powers possessed by my lungs. Strange as it may seem. my attention was fixed with a start as I fancied that I heard the sound of soft approaching steps on the rocky floor of the cavern. never wholly dormant. Accordingly. yet the instinct of self-preservation. the tread of the booted guide would have sounded like a series of sharp and incisive blows. perhaps a mountain lion which had accidentally strayed within the cave. then. so.

for with a flood of joy I listened as the creature fell in what sounded 267 . pat. even should I succeed in felling my antagonist. Certainly. be some unfortunate beast who had paid for its curiosity to investigate one of the entrances of the fearful grotto with a lifelong confinement in its interminable recesses. where it seemed to pause. It seemed that I must give vent to a piercing scream. it must. The tension on my brain now became frightful. rooted to the spot. It doubtless obtained as food the eyeless fish. the tread seemed to be that of a quadruped. toward that point in the darkness from which emanated the breathing and pattering. as well as some of the ordinary fish that are wafted in at every freshet of Green River. the conduct of the creature was exceedingly strange. awaited with resignation the inevitable result. and grasping one in each hand for immediate use. My disordered fancy conjured up hideous and fearsome shapes from the sinister darkness that surrounded me. it nearly reached its goal. for I heard the thing jump. yet at brief and infrequent intervals I fancied that but two feet were engaged in the process of locomotion. I occupied my terrible vigil with grotesque conjectures of what alteration cave life might have wrought in the physical structure of the beast. and I was entirely unprovided with matches. Most of the time. I realised that it must have come from a considerable distance. walking with a singular lack of unison betwixt hind and fore feet. bats and rats of the cave. and was correspondingly fatigued. I could hear the laboured breathing of the animal. my voice could scarce have responded.distracting influences as is that of the cave. I doubted if my right arm would allow me to hurl its missile at the oncoming thing when the crucial moment should arrive. I groped about me the largest of the fragments of rock which were strewn upon all parts of the floor of the cavern in the vicinity. which communicates in some occult manner with the waters of the cave. the dreadful footfalls approached. of the steps was close at hand. guided by my ever trustworthy sense of hearing. nearer. Meanwhile the hideous pattering of the paws drew near. and. I wondered what species of animal was to confront me. threw with full force the sharp-angled bit of limestone which it contained. I should never behold its form. Nearer. Then I remembered with a start that. I thought. Having readjusted my aim. and terror-struck as I was. now very close. as my torch had long since been extinct. this time most effectively. Now the steady pat. wonderful to relate. and that actually seemed to press upon my body. I was petrified. yet had I been sufficiently irresolute to attempt such a thing. I discharged my second missile. Suddenly the spell broke. could doubtless be followed at great distance. landing at a distance away. remembering the awful appearances ascribed by local tradition to the consumptives who had died after long residence in the cave. My right hand. Seeing therefore that I must be armed for defense against an uncanny and unseen attack in the dark.

pouring out my terrible story. being indeed largely absent save on the head. And now all desire to examine the thing ceased. by the flashlight’s aid. This time there was no doubt. Soon we descried a white object upon the floor. this was in surpassing degree the strangest. gasping inhalations and expirations. superstitious fear had entered my brain. I reeled back against the wall. It appeared to be an anthropoid ape of large proportions. in heavy. perhaps. At last something allied to groundless. for of all the unnatural monsters either of us had in our lifetimes beheld. what manner of creature was my victim.like a complete collapse and evidently remained prone and unmoving. in a most meaningless and idiotic manner. began to reflect upon the strange beast which I had wounded but a short distance back in the darkness. and had. The guide had noted my absence upon the arrival of the party at the entrance of the cave. The face was turned away from us. but it was also surprisingly thin. we gave vent to a simultaneous ejaculation of wonderment. The inclination of the limbs was very singular. whence I realised that I had no more than wounded the creature. It was the guide. Cautiously advancing. I awoke to something like my normal consciousness. I ran at full speed in what was. as nearly as I could estimate in my frenzied condition. an object whiter even than the gleaming limestone itself. was lying upon the ground at the feet of the guide. metallic clicks. as the creature lay almost directly upon it. I. By the time he had related this to me. Its hair was snow-white. proceeded to make a thorough canvass of by-passages just ahead of where he had last spoken to me. the direction from which I had come. The breathing continued. nor did I continue to cast stones at it in order to complete the extinction of its life. screamed. even shrieked with joy as I beheld in the vaulted arches above the faint and glimmering effulgence which I knew to be the reflected light of an approaching torch. the alternation in their use which I bad before noted. escaped. where it was of such length and abundance that it fell over the shoulders in considerable profusion. despite my boasted reserve. And then I shouted. from some itinerant menagerie. from his own intuitive sense of direction. and I did not approach the body. and before I could completely understand what had occurred. Suddenly I heard a sound or rather. locating my whereabouts after a quest of about four hours. At length. and on other occasions but two for its 268 . this time with a courage born of companionship. whereby the beast used sometimes all four. Accordingly I retraced my steps. In another Instant they had resolved themselves into a series of sharp. however. I ran to meet the flare. and suggested that we ascertain. Instead. Almost overpowered by the great relief which rushed over me. embracing his boots and gibbering. explaining. yelled. and at the same time overwhelming my auditor with protestations of gratitude. a thing due no doubt to the bleaching action of a long existence within the inky confines of the cave. to the scene of my terrible experience. a regular succession of sounds. emboldened by his torch and his company.

It was not like the normal note of any known species of simian. They were black. which I might feebly attempt to classify as a kind of deep-tone chattering. All at once a fleeting spasm of energy seemed to pass through the frame of the beast. my horrified eyes fixed upon the floor ahead. seemed evident from the all-pervading and almost unearthly whiteness so characteristic of the whole anatomy. The nose was quite distinct. From the tips of the fingers or toes. was faintly continued. for the sounds uttered by the stricken figure that lay stretched out on the limestone had told us the awesome truth. No tail seemed to be present. I made no motion. The respiration had now grown very feeble. the white body rolled over so that its face was turned in our direction. was. The hands or feet were not prehensile. The paws went through a convulsive motion. The guide clutched my coat sleeve and trembled so violently that the light shook fitfully. and the limbs contracted.progress. As we gazed upon the uncanny sight presented to our vision. and several sounds issued from them. the strange beast of the unfathomed cave. they were deeply sunken in their orbits. or had at one time been a MAN!!! 269 . As I looked more closely. With a jerk. and I wonder if this unnatural quality were not the result of a long continued and complete silence. as I before mentioned. and wonder. and were entirely destitute of iris. broken by the sensations produced by the advent of the light. the thick lips opened. The sound was of a nature difficult to describe. Like those of other cave denizens. but stood rigidly still. The fear left. a thing which the beast could not have seen since its first entrance into the cave. in hideous contrast to the snow-white hair and flesh. and the guide had drawn his pistol with the evident intent of despatching the creature. and reverence succeeded in its place. deep jetty black. casting weird moving shadows on the walls. after which the thing relaxed in death. I saw that they were set in a face less prognathous than that of the average ape. The creature I had killed. compassion. those eyes. For a moment I was so struck with horror at the eyes thus revealed that I noted nothing else. and infinitely less hairy. awe. when a sudden sound emitted by the latter caused the weapon to fall unused. The sound. a fact that I ascribed to that long residence in the cave which. long rat-like claws extended.

but the hand of some half-crazed monk. too. mist-cloaked waterfront streets I had a frightful impression of being stealthily followed by softly padding feet. had traced these ominous Latin phrases in uncials of awesome antiquity. I remember when I found it. formless infinity. I never learned its title. I seem to have suffered a great shock. but it fell open toward the end and gave me a glimpse of something which sent my senses reeling. My identity. I have a vague impression that some strange and perhaps terrible mediation will be needed to bear what I say to the points where I wish to be heard. but this book was very old indeed. It was a key. Not for centuries had any man recalled its vital substance or known where to find it.perhaps from some utterly monstrous outgrowth of my cycles of unique. oily river where the mists always swirl.to certain gateways and transitions of which mystics have dreamed and whispered since the race was young. of course. and made a curious sign with his hand when I bore it away. winding. There were. tottering houses on both sides seemed alive with a fresh and morbid malignity. is bewilderingly cloudy. and the ceiling-high shelves full of rotting volumes reached back endlessly through windowless inner rooms and alcoves. while at other times it seems as if the present moment were an isolated point in a grey. There was a formula. He had refused to take pay for it.The Book Written in 1934 My memories are very confused.a guide. While I know I am speaking. something which I had read of before in furtive paragraphs of mixed abhorrence and fascination penned by those strange ancient delvers into the universe’s guarded secrets whose decaying texts I loved to absorb. and which lead to freedoms and discoveries beyond the three dimensions and realms of life and matter that we know. The centuried. for at times I feel appalling vistas of years stretching behind me. I am not even certain how I am communicating this message. for the early pages were missing. and only long afterwards did I guess why. incredible experience. I felt that those walls 270 .a sort of list of things to say and do.which I recognized as something black and forbidden. There is even much doubt as to where they begin. That place was very old. I remember how the old man leered and tittered. besides.as if some hitherto closed channel of evil understanding had abruptly been opened. These cycles of experience. all stem from that worm-riddled book. No printing-press. great formless heaps of books on the floor and in crude bins.in a dimly lighted place near the black. and it was in one of these heaps that I found the thing. As I hurried home through those narrow.

and I knew amidst my shudders what it meant.and the book was indeed all I had suspected. The great house was very still.in hidden. Finally I saw a green- 271 . diamond-paned windows that leered. and I was swept by a black wind through gulfs of fathomless grey with the needle-like pinnacles of unknown mountains miles below me. and then the light of myriad stars forming strange. I had evoked. alien constellations. and never again can he be alone. and every oncefamiliar object loomed alien in the new perspective brought by my widened sight. and when morning found me in the attic room I saw in the walls and shelves and fittings that which I had never seen before. and stood in the innermost one chanting that monstrous litany the messenger from Tartary had brought.though the details are very uncertain.I recall the relentless dripping of the wax. as if I feared to hear some very remote. Dogs had a fear of me. I remember how I read the book at last.and over-hanging gables of mildewed brick and fungoid plaster and timberwith eyelike. From then on I walked in a fantastic dream of unknown and half-known shapes. for I had not gone up till after midnight. For he who passes the gateways always wins a shadow. and I grew doubly silent and aloof lest I be thought mad. for they felt the outside shadow which never left my side. Mixed with the present scene was always a little of the past and a little of the future.could hardly desist from advancing and crushing me . the less plainly could I recognise the things of the narrow sphere to which I had so long been bound. and have had all my notions of time dissolved and refashioned. . for since then I have known many ages and dimensions. It came as I droned aloud the ninth verse of that primal lay. and locked in the attic room that I had long devoted to strange searchings. yet I had read only the least fragment of that blasphemous rune before closing the book and bringing it away. and with each new gateway crossed. But still I read more. Then came the first scratching and fumbling at the dormer window that looked out high above the other roofs of the city. Nor could I ever after see the world as I had known it. Just what the year was I cannot say. intruding note among them. I think I had a family then.and I know there were many servants. I seemed to keep track of those chimes with a peculiar intentness. I remember the night I made the five concentric circles of fire on the floor. That night I passed the gateway to a vortex of twisted time and vision. After a while there was utter blackness. What I saw about me.and pushed through fresh gateways of space and being and life-patterns toward the core of the unknown cosmos. . none else saw. It was by the light of candles that I read. forgotten books and scrolls to which my new vision led me.and there were chimes that came every now and then from distant belfries.white-faced. The walls melted away.

but there was more of terror because I knew I was closer to those outside gulfs and worlds than I had ever been before. As I floated closer to that city I saw a great square building of stone in an open space.litten plain far below me. I screamed and struggled. and felt a hideous fear clutching at me. and after a blankness was again in my attic room sprawled flat over the five phosphorescent circles on the floor. In that night’s wandering there was no more of strangeness than in many a former night’s wandering. Thereafter I was more cautious with my incantations. and discerned on it the twisted towers of a city built in no fashion I had ever known or read or dreamed of. for I had no wish to be cut off from my body and from the earth in unknown abysses whence I could never return… 272 .

They have hinted at strange survivals in terms which would freeze the blood if not masked by a bland optimism. if I live. and of our frightful position therein. in shapes and forms long since withdrawn before the tide of advancing humanity… forms of which poetry and legend alone have caught a flying memory and called them gods. Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages in Brown University. I think that the professor. Providence.in this case an old newspaper item and the notes of a dead professor. and that he would have destroyed his notes had not sudden death seized him. that we shall either go mad from the revelation or flee from the light into the peace and safety of a new dark age.The Call of Cthulhu Written in 1926 Of such great powers or beings there may be conceivably a survival… a survival of a hugely remote period when… consciousness was manifested. That glimpse. I shall never knowingly supply a link in so hideous a chain. monsters. interest was intensified by the obscurity of the cause of death. But it is not from them that there came the single glimpse of forbidden eons which chills me when I think of it and maddens me when I dream of it. so that his passing at the age of ninetytwo may be recalled by many. George Gammell Angell. have hitherto harmed us little. We live on a placid island of ignorance in the midst of black seas of infinity. Professor Angell was widely known as an authority on ancient inscriptions. I hope that no one else will accomplish this piecing out. too intented to keep silent regarding the part he knew. I think. and had frequently been resorted to by the heads of prominent museums. My knowledge of the thing began in the winter of 1926-27 with the death of my great-uncle. and it was not meant that we should voyage far. The Horror In Clay The most merciful thing in the world. but some day the piecing together of dissociated knowledge will open up such terrifying vistas of reality. each straining in its own direction. mythical beings of all sorts and kinds… . certainly. flashed out from an accidental piecing together of separated things . The professor had been stricken whilst returning from the 273 . perhaps. Theosophists have guessed at the awesome grandeur of the cosmic cycle wherein our world and human race form transient incidents. The sciences. Rhode Island.Algernon Blackwood I. is the inability of the human mind to correlate all its contents. Locally. like all dread glimpses of truth.

and cuttings which I found? Had my uncle. in his latter years become credulous of the most superficial impostures? I resolved to search out the eccentric sculptor responsible for this apparent disturbance of an old man’s peace of mind. indeed. And writing of some kind the bulk of these designs seemed certainly to be. but it was the general outline of the whole which made it most shockingly frightful.and more than wonder. for he died a childless widower.Newport boat. I shall not be unfaithful to the spirit of the thing. but when I did so seemed only to be confronted by a greater and more closely locked barrier. Its designs. despite much the papers and collections of my uncle. or even hint at its remotest affiliations. The bas-relief was a rough rectangle less than an inch thick and about five by six inches in area. It had been locked and I did not find the key till it occurred to me to examine the personal ring which the professor carried in his pocket. and a human caricature. Then. of a form which only a diseased fancy could conceive. were far from modern in atmosphere and suggestion. a dragon. obviously of modern origin. and for that purpose moved his entire set of files and boxes to my quarters in Boston. they do not often reproduce that cryptic regularity which lurks in prehistoric writing. or symbol representing a monster. though its impressionistic execution forbade a very clear idea of its nature. induced by the brisk ascent of so steep a hill by so elderly a man. A pulpy. It seemed to be a sort of monster. Above these apparent hieroglyphics was a figure of evident pictorial intent. but concluded after perplexed debate that some obscure lesion of the heart. At the time I saw no reason to dissent from this dictum. 274 . As my great-uncle’s heir and executor. ramblings. failed in any way to identify this particular species. Physicians were unable to find any visible disorder. for. was responsible for the end. though my memory. Much of the material which I correlated will be later published by the American Archaeological Society. Behind the figure was a vague suggestions of a Cyclopean architectural background. For what could be the meaning of the queer clay basrelief and the disjointed jottings. but there was one box which I found exceedingly puzzling. falling suddenly. If I say that my somewhat extravagant imagination yielded simultaneous pictures of an octopus. I was expected to go over his papers with some thoroughness. but latterly I am inclined to wonder . as witnesses said. and which I felt much averse from showing to other eyes. tentacled head surmounted a grotesque and scaly body with rudimentary wings. however. after having been jostled by a nautical-looking negro who had come from one of the queer dark courts on the precipitous hillside which formed a short cut from the waterfront to the deceased’s home in Williams Street. although the vagaries of cubism and futurism are many and wild. I succeeded in opening it.

some of them citations from theosophical books and magazines (notably W. and the second. S. dark young man of neurotic and excited aspect had called upon Professor Angell bearing the singular clay bas-relief. and had from chidhood excited attention through the strange stories and odd dreams he was in the habit of relating. Webb’s Acct. “It is new. New Orleans.The writing accompanying this oddity was. ran the professor’s manuscript.” The other manuscript papers were brief notes.Notes on Same. He said. had found him quite hopeless. he had dropped gradually from social visibility. with references to passages in such mythological and anthropological source-books as Frazer’s Golden Bough and Miss Murray’s Witch-Cult in Western Europe. and was now known only to a small group of esthetes from other towns. Wilcox. a thin. Providence. anxious to preserve its conservatism. Wilcox was a precocious youth of known genius but great eccentricity. Even the Providence Art Club. It appears that on March 1st. La. R. for the conspicuous freshness of the tablet implied kinship with anything but archeology. “Narrative of Inspector John R. and my uncle showed some sharpness in replying. I. Legrasse. and my uncle had recognized him as the youngest son of an excellent family slightly known to him. A. 7 Thomas St. some of them accounts of the queer dreams of different persons. who had latterly been studying sculpture at the Rhode Island School of Design and living alone at the Fleur-de-Lys Building near that institution. & Prof. The first half of the principal manuscript told a very particular tale. and made no pretense to literary style.. Mtg.Dream and Dream Work of H. in Professor Angell’s most recent hand. What seemed to be the main document was headed “CTHULHU CULT” in characters painstakingly printed to avoid the erroneous reading of a word so unheard-of. and which I have since found highly characteristic of him. and the rest comments on long-surviving secret societies and hidden cults. for I made it last 275 . He called himself “psychically hypersensitive”.. at 1908 A. He spoke in a dreamy.. but the staid folk of the ancient commercial city dismissed him as merely “queer. which was then exceedingly damp and fresh. His card bore the name of Henry Anthony Wilcox.”. 121 Bienville St. Young Wilcox’s rejoinder.” Never mingling much with his kind. The cuttings largely alluded to outré mental illness and outbreaks of group folly or mania in the spring of 1925. . aside from a stack of press cuttings. 1925. indeed. This manuscript was divided into two sections. the first of which was headed “1925 . Scott-Elliot’s Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria). stilted manner which suggested pose and alienated sympathy. was of a fantastically poetic cast which must have typified his whole conversation. the sculptor abruptly asked for the benefit of his host’s archeological knowledge in identifying the hieroglyphics of the bas-relief.A. On the ocassion of the visit. which impressed my uncle enough to make him recall and record it verbatim.

during which he related startling fragments of nocturnal imaginery whose burden was always some terrible Cyclopean vista of dark and dripping stone. When Professor Angell became convinced that the sculptor was indeed ignorant of any cult or system of cryptic lore. he besieged his visitor with demands for future reports of dreams. Hieroglyphics had covered the walls and pillars. and Wilcox could not understand the repeated promises of silence which he was offered in exchange for an admission of membership in some widespread mystical or paganly religious body. The youth’s febrile mind. He questioned the sculptor with scientific minuteness. Wilcox failed to appear. the most considerable felt in New England for some years. for his slowness in recognizing both hieroglyphics and pictorial design. My uncle at once telephoned the family. chilled and clad only in his night clothes. calling often at the Thayer Street office of Dr.night in a dream of strange cities. all dripping with green ooze and sinister with latent horror. a chaotic sensation which only fancy could transmute into sound. There had been a slight earthquake tremor the night before. Upon retiring. The two sounds frequently repeated are those rendered by the letters “Cthulhu” and “R’lyeh. the manuscript continued. especially those which tried to connect the latter with strange cults or societies. and Wilcox’s imagination had been keenly affected. Wilcox afterwards said.” On March 23.” This verbal jumble was the key to the recollection which excited and disturbed Professor Angell.” It was then that he began that rambling tale which suddenly played upon a sleeping memory and won the fevered interest of my uncle. apparently. and inquiries at his quarters revealed that he had been stricken with an obscure sort of fever and taken to the home of his family in Waterman Street. or garden-girdled Babylon. for after the first interview the manuscript records daily calls of the young man. when waking had stolen bewilderingly over him. This bore regular fruit. was dwelling on strange things. arousing several other artists in the building. and had manifested since then only alternations of unconsciousness and delirium. whom he learned to be in charge. My uncle blamed his old age. but which he attempted to render by the almost unpronounceable jumble of letters: “Cthulhu fhtagn. Many of his questions seemed highly out of place to his visitor. and the doctor shuddered now and then as he spoke of them. and from some undetermined point below had come a voice that was not a voice. he had had an unprecedented dream of great Cyclopean cities of Titan blocks and sky-flung monoliths. and dreams are older than brooding Tyre. with a subterrene voice or intelligence shouting monotonously in enigmatical sense-impacts uninscribable save as gibberish. and studied with frantic intensity the bas-relief on which the youth had found himself working. They included not 276 . He had cried out in the night. and from that time forward kept close watch of the case. or the contemplative Sphinx. Tobey.

Reference to this object. All traces of strange dreaming had vanished with his recovery. every trace of Wilcox’s malady suddenly ceased. but the whole condition was otherwise such as to suggest true fever rather than mental disorder. Average people in society and business New England’s traditional “salt of the earth” . always between March 23 and and April 2 the period of young Wilcox’s delirium. The reception of his request seems to have varied.so much. at the very least. This original correspondence was not preserved.M. oddly enough. Pronounced well by his physician. but touched wildly on a gigantic thing “miles high” which walked or lumbered about. but references to certain of the scattered notes gave me much material for thought . was invariably a prelude to the young man’s subsidence into lethargy. though scattered cases of uneasy but formless nocturnal impressions appear here and there. lacking their original letters. and in one case there is mentioned a dread of something abnormal. The notes in question were those descriptive of the dreams of various persons covering the same period as that in which young Wilcox had had his strange visitations. astonished to find himself at home and completely ignorant of what had happened in dream or reality since the night of March 22.only a repetition of what he had formerly dreamed. He at no time fully described this object but occasional frantic words. have received more responses than any ordinary man could have handled without a secretary. and my uncle kept no record of his night-thoughts after a week of pointless and irrelevant accounts of thoroughly usual visions. was not greatly above normal. Tobey. he returned to his quarters in three days. but to Professor Angell he was of no further assistance. in fact. It was from the artists and poets that the pertinent answers came. His temperature. Scientific men were little more affected. but his notes formed a thorough and really significant digest. had quickly instituted a prodigiously far-flung body of inquires amongst nearly all the friends whom he could question without impertinence. or of having edited the correspondence in corroboration of 277 . He sat upright in bed. As it was. My uncle. it seems. convinced the professor that it must be identical with the nameless monstrosity he had sought to depict in his dream-sculpture. though four cases of vague description suggest fugitive glimpses of strange landscapes. asking for nightly reports of their dreams. On April 2 at about 3 P. that only the ingrained skepticism then forming my philosophy can account for my continued distrust of the artist. Here the first part of the manuscript ended. the doctor added.gave an almost completely negative result. as repeated by Dr. and the dates of any notable visions for some time past. and I know that panic would have broken loose had they been able to compare notes. I half suspected the compiler of having asked leading questions. but he must.

The subject. The west of Ireland. a widely known architect with leanings toward theosophy and occultism. And so numerous are the recorded troubles in insane asylums that only a miracle can have stopped the medical fraternity from noting strange parallelisms and drawing mystified conclusions. went violently insane on the date of young Wilcox’s seizure. I should have attempted some corroboration and personal investigation. whilst items from India speak guardedly of serious native unrest toward the end of March 22-23. however. II. I succeeded in tracing down only a few. From February 28 to April 2 a large proportion of them had dreamed very bizarre things. as I have intimated. The press cuttings.what he had latently resolved to see. All of these. for the number of extracts was tremendous. Had my uncle referred to these cases by name instead of merely by number. too. but as it was. A dispatch from California describes a theosophist colony as donning white robes en masse for some “glorious fulfiment” which never arrives. and a fantastic painter named Ardois-Bonnot hangs a blasphemous Dream Landscape in the Paris spring salon of 1926. the intensity of the dreams being immeasurably the stronger during the period of the sculptor’s delirium. and the sources scattered throughout the globe. reported scenes and half-sounds not unlike those which Wilcox had described. But I was then convinced that young Wilcox had known of the older matters mentioned by the professor. was very sad. and eccentricity during the given period. The older matters which had made the sculptor’s dream and bas-relief so significant to my uncle formed the subject of the second half of his long 278 . Over a fourth of those who reported anything. Here was a nocturnal suicide in London. One case. It is well that no explanation shall ever reach them. had been imposing on the veteran scientist. all told. Professor Angell must have employed a cutting bureau. bore out the notes in full. and some of the dreamers confessed acute fear of the gigantic nameless thing visible toward the last. touched on cases of panic. somehow cognizant of the old data which my uncle had possessed. Here likewise a rambling letter to the editor of a paper in South America. which the note describes with emphasis. and expired several months later after incessant screamings to be saved from some escaped denizen of hell. These responses from esthetes told disturbing tale. I have often wondered if all the the objects of the professor’s questioning felt as puzzled as did this fraction. is full of wild rumour and legendry. A weird bunch of cuttings. The Tale of Inspector Legrasse. mania. where a lone sleeper had leaped from a window after a shocking cry. and I can at this date scarcely envisage the callous rationalism with which I set them aside. That is why I continued to feel that Wilcox. where a fanatic deduces a dire future from visions he has seen.

apart from the erratic and unbelievable tales extorted from the captured members. The figure. Professor Angell. was between seven and eight inches in height. a grotesque. absolutely nothing was to be discovered. and they lost no time in crowding around him to gaze at the diminutive figure whose utter strangeness and air of genuinely abysmal antiquity hinted so potently at unopened and archaic vistas. which was finally passed slowly from man to man for close and careful study. had had a prominent part in all the deliberations. had been captured some months before in the wooded swamps south of New Orleans during a raid on a supposed voodoo meeting. No recognised school of sculpture had animated this terrible object. On the contrary. seventeen years before. and so singular and hideous were the rites connected with it. Inspector Legrasse was scarcely prepared for the sensation which his offering created.manuscript. Of its origin. His name was John Raymond Legrasse. puzzled over the unknown hieroglyphics. and was one of the first to be approached by the several outsiders who took advantage of the convocation to offer questions for correct answering and problems for expert solution. or whatever it was. This earlier experience had come in 1908. when the American Archaeological Society held its annual meeting in St. and he was by profession an Inspector of Police. and infinitely more diabolic than even the blackest of the African voodoo circles. and of exquisitely 279 . The statuette. hence the anxiety of the police for any antiquarian lore which might help them to place the frightful symbol. It must not be fancied that Inspector Legrasse had the least interest in archaeology. repulsive. fetish. Professor Angell had seen the hellish outlines of the nameless monstrosity. and through it track down the cult to its fountain-head. and all this in so stirring and horrible a connexion that it is small wonder he pursued young Wilcox with queries and demands for data. was a commonplace-looking middle-aged man who had travelled all the way from New Orleans for certain special information unobtainable from any local source. yet centuries and even thousands of years seemed recorded in its dim and greenish surface of unplaceable stone. as befitted one of his authority and attainments. that the police could not but realise that they had stumbled on a dark cult totally unknown to them. and in a short time the focus of interest for the entire meeting. Once before. his wish for enlightenment was prompted by purely professional considerations. it appears. The chief of these outsiders. One sight of the thing had been enough to throw the assembled men of science into a state of tense excitement. idol. and heard the ominous syllables which can be rendered only as “Cthulhu”. and apparently very ancient stone statuette whose origin he was at a loss to determine. With him he bore the subject of his visit. Louis.

They. crouching hind legs gripped the front edge and extended a quarter of the way clown toward the bottom of the pedestal. its very material was a mystery. something frightfully suggestive of old and unhallowed cycles of life in which our world and our conceptions have no part. curved claws of the doubled-up. was of a somewhat bloated corpulence. belonged to something horribly remote and distinct from mankind as we know it. and squatted evilly on a rectangular block or pedestal covered with undecipherable characters. The aspect of the whole was abnormally life-like. forty-eight years before. Professor of Anthropology in Princeton University. awesome. The cephalopod head was bent forward. in a tour of Greenland and Iceland in search of some Runic inscriptions which he failed to unearth. and an explorer of no slight note. saying that it had come down from horribly ancient aeons before ever the world was made. like the subject and material. and which they mentioned only with shudders. and 280 . And yet. and whilst high up on the West Greenland coast had encountered a singular tribe or cult of degenerate Esquimaux whose religion. This thing. But just now of prime significance was the fetish which this cult had cherished. the seat occupied the centre. narrow wings behind. but with an octopus-like head whose face was a mass of feelers. for the soapy. rubberylooking body. and of this Professor Webb had taken a careful phonetic copy from an aged angekok or wizard-priest. a scaly. and incalculable age was unmistakable. greenish-black stone with its golden or iridescent flecks and striations resembled nothing familiar to geology or mineralogy. which seemed instinct with a fearsome and unnatural malignancy. Totally separate and apart. as the members severally shook their heads and confessed defeat at the Inspector’s problem. prodigious claws on hind and fore feet. there was one man in that gathering who suspected a touch of bizarre familiarity in the monstrous shape and writing. This person was the late William Channing Webb. It was a faith of which other Esquimaux knew little. It represented a monster of vaguely anthropoid outline. yet not one link did it shew with any known type of art belonging to civilisation’s youth . Professor Webb had been engaged. Its vast. The tips of the wings touched the back edge of the block. chilled him with its deliberate bloodthirstiness and repulsiveness. The characters along the base were equally baffling. and the more subtly fearful because its source was so totally unknown. and no member present. whilst the long. so that the ends of the facial feelers brushed the backs of huge fore paws which clasped the croucher’s elevated knees. expressing the sounds in Roman letters as best he knew how. and long. Besides nameless rites and human sacrifices there were certain queer hereditary rituals addressed to a supreme elder devil or tornasuk. despite a representation of half the world’s expert learning in this field. a curious form of devil-worship. and who presently told with some diffidence of the odd trifle he knew. could form the least notion of even their remotest linguistic kinship.or indeed to any other time.artistic workmanship.

there had come to the New Orleans police a frantic summons from the swamp and lagoon country to the south. but voodoo of a more terrible sort than they had ever known. soul-chilling chants and dancing devil-flames. mostly primitive but good-natured descendants of Lafitte’s men. On November 1st. comprising a hideous picture and some cryptic writing. It was. the professor stated. What.” And now. 281 . This text. he besought the professor to remember as best he might the syllables taken down amongst the diabolist Esquimaux. It was voodoo. as given. the frightened messenger added. apparently. received with suspense and astonishment by the assembled members. ran something like this: “In his house at R’lyeh dead Cthulhu waits dreaming. and disclosed an astonishing degree of cosmic imagination among such half-castes and pariahs as might be least expected to possess it. and. Inspector Legrasse related as fully as possible his experience with the swamp worshippers. The squatters there.” Legrasse had one point in advance of Professor Webb. proved doubly exciting to Inspector Legrasse. a very crude bas-relief of stone. and a moment of really awed silence when both detective and scientist agreed on the virtual identity of the phrase common to two hellish rituals so many worlds of distance apart. and he began at once to ply his informant with questions. it was a rough parallel in all essential features of the bestial thing now lying before the meeting. And so far as he could tell. Having noted and copied an oral ritual among the swamp cult-worshippers his men had arrested. the people could stand it no more. were in the grip of stark terror from an unknown thing which had stolen upon them in the night.around which they danced when the aurora leaped high over the ice cliffs. in response to a general and urgent demand. and some of their women and children had disappeared since the malevolent tom-tom had begun its incessant beating far within the black haunted woods where no dweller ventured. It savoured of the wildest dreams of myth-maker and theosophist. There were insane shouts and harrowing screams. There then followed an exhaustive comparison of details. in substance. both the Esquimaux wizards and the Louisiana swamp-priests had chanted to their kindred idols was something very like this: the word-divisions being guessed at from traditional breaks in the phrase as chanted aloud: “Ph’nglui mglw’nafh Cthulhu R’lyeh wgah’nagl fhtagn. This data. for several among his mongrel prisoners had repeated to him what older celebrants had told them the words meant. telling a story to which I could see my uncle attached profound significance. 1907.

formless white polypous thing with luminous eyes. each one of the cowed squatters refused point-blank to advance another inch toward the scene of unholy worship. had set out in the late afternoon with the shivering squatter as a guide. There were legends of a hidden lake unglimpsed by mortal sight. but that location was bad enough. and squatters whispered that bat-winged devils flew up out of caverns in inner earth to worship it at midnight. so Inspector Legrasse and his nineteen colleagues plunged on unguided into black arcades of horror that none of them had ever trod before. Now and then the less organized ululation would cease. The muffled beat of tom-toms was now faintly audible far. At length the squatter settlement. and now and then a pile of dank stones or fragment of a rotting wall intensified by its hint of morbid habitation a depression which every malformed tree and every fungous islet combined to create. far ahead. before La Salle. But it made men dream. a miserable huddle of huts.” 282 . There are vocal qualities peculiar to men. and before even the wholesome beasts and birds of the woods. The present voodoo orgy was. hove in sight. on the merest fringe of this abhorred area. and a curdling shriek came at infrequent intervals when the wind shifted. Only poetry or madness could do justice to the noises heard by Legrasse’s men as they ploughed on through the black morass toward the red glare and muffled tom-toms. indeed. in which dwelt a huge. They said it had been there before d’Iberville. and for miles splashed on in silence through the terrible cypress woods where day never came. Animal fury and orgiastic license here whipped themselves to daemoniac heights by howls and squawking ecstacies that tore and reverberated through those nighted woods like pestilential tempests from the gulfs of hell. and hysterical dwellers ran out to cluster around the group of bobbing lanterns. and so they knew enough to keep away. and from what seemed a well-drilled chorus of hoarse voices would rise in sing-song chant that hideous phrase or ritual: “Ph’nglui mglw’nafh Cthulhu R’lyeh wgah’nagl fhtagn. and to see it was to die. Reluctant even to be left alone again. filling two carriages and an automobile. seemed to filter through pale undergrowth beyond the endless avenues of forest night. Ugly roots and malignant hanging nooses of Spanish moss beset them. before the Indians.So a body of twenty police. and it is terrible to hear the one when the source should yield the other. The region now entered by the police was one of traditionally evil repute. It was nightmare itself. A reddish glare. and vocal qualities peculiar to beasts. too. At the end of the passable road they alighted. hence perhaps the very place of the worship had terrified the squatters more than the shocking sounds and incidents. substantially unknown and untraversed by white men.

Then the men. to fancy he heard antiphonal responses to the ritual from some far and unillumined spot deeper within the wood of ancient legendry and horror. From a wide circle of ten scaffolds set up at regular intervals with the flame-girt monolith as a centre hung. bellowing. but in the end Legrasse was able to count some forty-seven sullen prisoners. Galvez. whom he forced to dress in haste and fall into line between two rows of policemen. He indeed went so far as to hint of the faint beating of great wings. the oddly marred bodies of the helpless squatters who had disappeared. the horrified pause of the men was of comparatively brief duration. and he proved distractingly imaginative. in the centre of which. this hybrid spawn were braying. and two were shaken into a frantic cry which the mad cacophony of the orgy fortunately deadened. and of a glimpse of shining eyes and a mountainous white bulk beyond the remotest trees but I suppose he had been hearing too much native superstition. It was inside this circle that the ring of worshippers jumped and roared. Wild blows were struck. Duty came first. and mentally 283 . On this now leaped and twisted a more indescribable horde of human abnormality than any but a Sime or an Angarola could paint. of course. and escapes were made. Actually. on top of which. The image on the monolith. came suddenly in sight of the spectacle itself. Examined at headquarters after a trip of intense strain and weariness. the prisoners all proved to be men of a very low. and two severely wounded ones were carried away on improvised stretchers by their fellow-prisoners. clear of trees and tolerably dry. Legrasse dashed swamp water on the face of the fainting man. mixed-blooded. and writhing about a monstrous ring-shaped bonfire. In a natural glade of the swamp stood a grassy island of perhaps an acre’s extent. the police relied on their firearms and plunged determinedly into the nauseous rout. revealed by occasional rifts in the curtain of flame. Four of them reeled. incongruous in its diminutiveness. For five minutes the resultant din and chaos were beyond description. Void of clothing. one fainted. shots were fired. It may have been only imagination and it may have been only echoes which induced one of the men. and all stood trembling and nearly hypnotised with horror. was carefully removed and carried back by Legrasse. and although there must have been nearly a hundred mongrel celebrants in the throng. Joseph D. Five of the worshippers lay dead. This man. stood a great granite monolith some eight feet in height. the general direction of the mass motion being from left to right in endless Bacchanal between the ring of bodies and the ring of fire. having reached a spot where the trees were thinner. head downward. rested the noxious carven statuette. I later met and questioned. an excitable Spaniard.

Remains of Them. Some day he would call. and They had had great cities. Degraded and ignorant as they were. but their dead bodies had told their secrets in dreams to the first men. and the prisoners said it had always existed and always would exist. Old Castro remembered bits of hideous legend that paled the speculations of theosophists and made man and the world seem recent and transient indeed. hidden in distant wastes and dark places all over the world until the time when the great priest Cthulhu. and the rest were committed to various institutions. But these were not the Great Old Ones. gave a colouring of voodooism to the heterogeneous cult. The carven idol was great Cthulhu. he said the deathless Chinamen had told him. Meanwhile no more must be told. There had been aeons when other Things ruled on the earth. The chanted ritual was not the secret . it became manifest that something far deeper and older than Negro fetishism was involved. largely West Indians or Brava Portuguese from the Cape Verde Islands. only whispered. were still be found as Cyclopean stones on islands in the Pacific. and who came to the young world out of the sky. but things were told by word of mouth. All denied a part in the ritual murders. the creatures held with surprising consistency to the central idea of their loathsome faith. so they said. They all died vast epochs of time before men came. inside the earth and under the sea. But of those mysterious allies no coherent account could ever be gained. No one could read the old writing now. but none might say whether or not the others were precisely like him. but there were arts which could revive 284 . But before many questions were asked. No man had ever seen the Old Ones. from his dark house in the mighty city of R’lyeh under the waters. and averred that the killing had been done by Black Winged Ones which had come to them from their immemorial meeting-place in the haunted wood. What the police did extract. Those Old Ones were gone now. The chant meant only this: “In his house at R’lyeh dead Cthulhu waits dreaming. This was that cult. and a sprinkling of Negroes and mulattoes. who formed a cult which had never died. Mankind was not absolutely alone among the conscious things of earth. There was a secret which even torture could not extract.aberrant type.” Only two of the prisoners were found sane enough to be hanged. when the stars were ready.that was never spoken aloud. Most were seamen. should rise and bring the earth again beneath his sway. and the secret cult would always be waiting to liberate him. the Great Old Ones who lived ages before there were any men. They worshipped. who claimed to have sailed to strange ports and talked with undying leaders of the cult in the mountains of China. for shapes came out of the dark to visit the faithful few. came mainly from the immensely aged mestizo named Castro.

They could not live. for Their mode of speech was transmitted thought. These Great Old Ones. for then mankind would have become as the Great Old Ones. When. and the high-priests said that the city would rise again when the stars were right. They had shape . and all the earth would flame with a holocaust of ecstasy and freedom. Castro continued. and the deep waters. They could plunge from world to world through the sky. mouldy and shadowy. the Great Old Ones spoke to the sensitive among them by moulding their dreams. the first men came. Then the liberated Old Ones would teach them new ways to shout and kill and revel and enjoy themselves. had cut off the spectral intercourse. full of the one primal mystery through which not even thought can pass. Meanwhile the cult. The time would be easy to know. he 285 . and no amount of persuasion or subtlety could elicit more in this direction. come themselves from the stars. The great stone city R’lyeh. That cult would never die till the stars came right again. But at that time some force from outside must serve to liberate Their bodies. Then came out of the earth the black spirits of earth. But of them old Castro dared not speak much. whispered Castro. The spells that preserved them intact likewise prevented Them from making an initial move. were not composed altogether of flesh and blood. Even now They talked in Their tombs. They all lay in stone houses in Their great city of R’lyeh. with its monoliths and sepulchres. but then something happened. But although They no longer lived. and full of dim rumours picked up in caverns beneath forgotten sea-bottoms. too. but when the stars were wrong. The size of the Old Ones. Then. In the elder time chosen men had talked with the entombed Old Ones in dreams. free and wild and beyond good and evil. those first men formed the cult around tall idols which the Great Ones shewed them. by appropriate rites. When the stars were right. for only thus could Their language reach the fleshly minds of mammals.Them when the stars had come round again to the right positions in the cycle of eternity. with laws and morals thrown aside and all men shouting and killing and revelling in joy. and the secret priests would take great Cthulhu from His tomb to revive His subjects and resume His rule of earth. after infinities of chaos. They had. and brought Their images with Them. He cut himself off hurriedly. preserved by the spells of mighty Cthulhu for a glorious surrection when the stars and the earth might once more be ready for Them. must keep alive the memory of those ancient ways and shadow forth the prophecy of their return. and They could only lie awake in the dark and think whilst uncounted millions of years rolled by. had sunk beneath the waves. idols brought in dim eras from dark stars. But memory never died. They knew all that was occurring in the universe. indeed.but that shape was not made of matter. They would never really die.for did not this star-fashioned image prove it? .

That my uncle was excited by the tale of the sculptor I did not wonder. though privately I suspected young Wilcox of having heard of the cult in some indirect way. he said that he thought the centre lay amid the pathless desert of Arabia. Of the cult. The feverish interest aroused at the meeting by Legrasse’s tale. can eternal lie. and of having invented a series of dreams to heighten and continue the mystery at my uncle’s expense. had told the truth when he said that it was wholly secret. but at the latter’s death it was returned to him and remains in his possession. apparently. No book had ever really hinted of it.curiously declined to mention. though the deathless Chinamen said that there were double meanings in the Necronomicon of the mad Arab Abdul Alhazred which the initiated might read as they chose. dreams hidden and untouched. where Irem. especially the much-discussed couplet: That is not dead which And with strange aeons even death may die. where I viewed it not long ago. although scant mention occurs in the formal publications of the society. Professor Angell’s instant start on an investigation of the utmost thoroughness was eminently natural. after thoroughly studying the manuscript again and correlating the theosophical and anthropological notes with the cult narrative of Legrasse. corroborated as it was by the statuette. but had come in his dreams upon at least three of the precise words of the formula uttered alike by Esquimaux diabolists and mongrel Louisianans?. strong corroboration. The authorities at Tulane University could shed no light upon either cult or image. and unmistakably akin to the dream-sculpture of young Wilcox. is echoed in the subsequent correspondence of those who attended. and was virtually unknown beyond its members. It is truly a terrible thing. It was not allied to the European witch-cult. the City of Pillars. Caution is the first care of those accustomed to face occasional charlatanry and imposture. So. after a knowledge of what Legrasse had learned of the cult. The dreamnarratives and cuttings collected by the professor were. but the rationalism of my mind and the extravagance of the whole subject led me to adopt what I thought the most sensible conclusions. of a sensitive young man who had dreamed not only the figure and exact hieroglyphics of the swamp-found image and the Greenland devil tablet. Castro. had inquired in vain concerning the historic affiliations of the cult. and now the detective had come to the highest authorities in the country and met with no more than the Greenland tale of Professor Webb. Legrasse. I made a trip to 286 . deeply impressed and not a little bewildered. for what thoughts must arise upon hearing. Legrasse for some time lent the image to Professor Webb. of course.

but the outlines had formed themselves insensibly under his hands. He talked of his dreams in a strangely poetic fashion. and under the very shadow of the finest Georgian steeple in America. Then I told him who I was. That he really knew nothing of the hidden cult.and hear with frightened expectancy the ceaseless. and he shewed me a morbid statue whose contours almost made me shake with the potency of its black suggestion. Wilcox. at once slightly affected and slightly ill-mannered. save from what my uncle’s relentless catechism had let fall. half-mental calling from underground: “Cthulhu fhtagn”. he displayed some interest. he turned languidly at my knock and asked me my business without rising. I did not enlarge his knowledge in this regard. making me see with terrible vividness the damp Cyclopean city of slimy green stone . I found him at work in his rooms. It was.Providence to see the sculptor and give him the rebuke I thought proper for so boldly imposing upon a learned and aged man. he oddly said. he soon made clear. the giant shape he had raved of in delirium. and had soon forgotten it amidst the mass of his equally weird reading and imagining. but sought with some subtlety to draw him out. Dark. for my uncle had excited his curiosity in probing his strange dreams. “Cthulhu fhtagn. a hideous Victorian imitation of seventeenth century Breton Architecture which flaunts its stuccoed front amidst the lovely olonial houses on the ancient hill. by virtue of its sheer impressiveness.” These words had formed part of that dread ritual which told of dead Cthulhu’s dream-vigil in his stone vault at R’lyeh. He will. I was sure. in the bas-relief. for he spoke of the dreams in a manner none could mistake. They and their subconscious residuum had influenced his art profoundly. Wilcox still lived alone in the Fleur-de-Lys Building in Thomas Street. for he has crystallised in clay and will one day mirror in marble those nightmares and phantasies which Arthur Machen evokes in prose. and somewhat unkempt in aspect. I believe. and again I strove to think of some way in which he could possibly have received the weird impressions. In a short time I became convinced ofhis absolute sincerity. yet had never explained the reason for the study. frail. some time be heard from as one of the great decadents.whose geometry. The youth was of a type. He could not recall having seen the original of this thing except in his own dream bas-relief. Later. so that his imposture upon my uncle had been a very innocent one. and in the terrible statue I now beheld. and I felt deeply moved despite my rational beliefs. and at once conceded from the specimens scattered about that his genius is indeed profound and authentic. it had found subconscious expression in dreams. which I could never 287 . no doubt. and Clark Ashton Smith makes visible in verse and in painting. was all wrong . had heard of the cult in some casual way.

unfortunately. and would not be surprised to learn of secret methods and rites and beliefs. Might not the deeper inquiries of my uncle after encountering the sculptor’s data have come to sinister ears?.like. What I now heard so graphically at first-hand. Examining one day the reserve specimens roughly set on the storage shelves in a rear room of the museum. very secret. and even questioned such of the mongrel prisoners as still survived. talked with Legrasse and others of that old-time raiding-party. saw the frightful image. had been dead for some years. and very ancient religion whose discovery would make me an anthropologist of note. and wish him all the success his talent promises. The Madness from the Sea If heaven ever wishes to grant me a boon. is that my uncle’s death was far from natural. One thing I began to suspect. My attitude was still one of absolute materialism. I think Professor Angell died because he knew too much. the Sydney Bulletin for April 18. The matter of the cult still remained to fascinate me. or because he was likely to learn too much. excited me afresh. He fell on a narrow hill street leading up from an ancient waterfront swarming with foreign mongrels. though it was really no more than a detailed confirmation of what my uncle had written. Whether I shall go as he did remains to be seen. It was the Sydney Bulletin I have mentioned. for it was an old number of an Australian journal. but in Norway a certain seaman who saw things is dead. and I discounted with almost inexplicable perversity the coincidence of the dream notes and odd cuttings collected by Professor Angell. for I felt sure that I was on the track of a very real. for I have learned much now. New Jersey. it is true. III. and which I now fear I know. and at times I had visions of personal fame from researches into its origin and connexions. Legrasse and his men. I had largely given over my inquiries into what Professor Angell called the “Cthulhu Cult”. 1925. I visited New Orleans. have been let alone. I took leave of him amicably. and was visiting a learned friend in Paterson. It had escaped even the cutting bureau which had at the time of its issuance been avidly collecting material for my uncle’s research. as l wish it still were. It was nothing on which I would naturally have stumbled in the course of my daily round. I did not forget the mixed blood and marine pursuits of the cultmembers in Louisiana. but I was willing enough now to admit both his genius and his honesty. it will be a total effacing of the results of a mere chance which fixed my eye on a certain stray piece of shelf-paper. Old Castro. the curator of a local museum and a mineralogist of note. after a careless push from a Negro sailor. my eye was caught by an odd picture in one of the old papers spread beneath the stones. for my friend 288 .

which was sighted April 12th in S. about foot in height. and was disappointed to find it of only moderate length. One Survivor and Dead Man Found Aboard. in a small carved shrine of common pattern. which sailed for Callao February 20th with a complement of eleven men. was of portentous significance to my flagging quest. Odd Idol Found in His Possession. The living man was clutching a horrible stone idol of unknown origin. Rescued Seaman Refuses Particulars of Strange Experience. and the picture was a halftone cut of a hideous stone image almost identical with that which Legrasse had found in the swamp.. and I carefully tore it out for immediate action. and though apparently deserted. manned by a queer and evil-looking crew of Kanakas and half-castes. Longitude 152°17′. Inquiry to Follow. after recovering his senses. told an exceedingly strange story of piracy and slaughter. Latitude 34°21′.’s freighter Vigilant. was found upon boarding to contain one survivor in a half-delirious condition and one man who had evidently been dead for more than a week.Z. in S. Eagerly clearing the sheet of its precious contents. and the Museum in College Street all profess complete bafflement. W. What it suggested. The Vigilant left Valparaiso March 25th. arrived this morning at its wharf in Darling Harbour. N. whereupon the strange crew began to fire savagely and without warning upon the schooner with a peculiarly heavy battery of brass cannon forming part of the yacht’s 289 . regarding whose nature authorities at Sydney University. Capt. I scanned the item in detail. This man. however. and on March 22nd. The Morrison Co. He is Gustaf Johansen. bound from Valparaiso. and had been second mate of the two-masted schooner Emma of Auckland. was delayed and thrown widely south of her course by the great storm of March 1st. The Emma. encountered the Alert.had wide affiliations in all conceivable foreign parts. Longitude 128°34′. On April 12th the derelict was sighted. It read as follows: MYSTERY DERELICT FOUND AT SEA Vigilant Arrives With Helpless Armed New Zealand Yacht in Tow. the Royal Society. he says. Latitude 49°51′ W. and on April 2nd was driven considerably south of her course by exceptionally heavy storms and monster waves. a Norwegian of some intelligence. Collins refused. and which the survivor says he found in the cabin of the yacht. with one living and one dead man aboard. Tale of Desperate Battle and Deaths at Sea. Being ordered peremptorily to turn back. having in tow the battled and disabled but heavily armed steam yacht Alert of Dunedin.

going ahead in their original direction to see if any reason for their ordering back had existed. and bore an evil reputation along the waterfront. they raised and landed on a small island. Briden’s death reveals no apparent cause. and Johansen is described as a sober and worthy man. the number being slightly superior. The next day. and evidence that it had strange interests at sea as well as on land. and on the other side of 290 . and it had set sail in great haste just after the storm and earth tremors of March 1st. he and one companion boarded the yacht and tried to manage her. together with the picture of the hellish image. were killed.or February 28th according to the International Date Line . From Dunedin the Alert and her noisome crew had darted eagerly forth as if imperiously summoned. Collins and First Mate Green. The Emma’s men shewed fight. including Capt. This was all. and being forced to kill them all. and the remaining eight under Second Mate Johansen proceeded to navigate the captured yacht. but what a train of ideas it started in my mind! Here were new treasuries of data on the Cthulhu Cult. died. and speaks only of their falling into a rock chasm. his companion. Cable advices from Dunedin report that the Alert was well known there as an island trader. and he does not even recall when William Briden. and though the schooner began to sink from shots beneath the water-line they managed to heave alongside their enemy and board her. and was probably due to excitement or exposure. and what was known of the noxious cult in Dunedin? And most marvellous of all.equipment.the earthquake and storm had come. it seems. at which every effort will be made to induce Johansen to speak more freely than he has done hitherto. what deep and more than natural linkage of dates was this which gave a malign and now undeniable significance to the various turns of events so carefully noted by my uncle? March 1st . though Johansen is queerly reticent about this part of his story. says the survivor. but were beaten about by the storm of April 2nd. it appears. It was owned by a curious group of halfcastes whose frequent meetings and night trips to the woods attracted no little curiosity. although none is known to exist in that part of the ocean. grappling with the savage crew on the yacht’s deck. What motive prompted the hybrid crew to order back the Emma as they sailed about with their hideous idol? What was the unknown island on which six of the Emma’s crew had died. Later. and six of the men somehow died ashore. The admiralty will institute an inquiry on the whole matter beginning tomorrow. and about which the mate Johansen was so secretive? What had the vice-admiralty’s investigation brought out. Our Auckland correspondent gives the Emma and her crew an excellent reputation. because of their particularly abhorrent and desperate though rather clumsy mode of fighting. From that time till his rescue on the 12th the man remembers little. Three of the Emma’s men.

and had brought Their images with Them. their faithful cult and their mastery of dreams? Was I tottering on the brink of cosmic horrors beyond man’s power to bear? If so. March 23rd the crew of the Emma landed on an unknown island and left six men dead. and I studied it long and well. though there was vague talk about one inland trip these mongrels had made. star-born Old Ones and their coming reign. Of his stirring experience he would tell his friends no more than he had told the admiralty officials. was preserved in the Museum at Hyde Park. the curator told me. I reembarked at once 291 . for they vowed that the world held no rock like it. That evening.the earth poets and artists had begun to dream of a strange. during which faint drumming and red flame were noted on the distant hills. In Auckland I learned that Johansen had returned with yellow hair turned white after a perfunctory and inconclusive questioning at Sydney. and on that date the dreams of sensitive men assumed a heightened vividness and darkened with dread of a giant monster’s malign pursuit. whilst an architect had gone mad and a sculptor had lapsed suddenly into delirium! And what of this storm of April 2nd . and Wilcox emerged unharmed from the bondage of strange fever? What of all this . I saw the Alert. dragon body. Then I thought with a shudder of what Old Castro had told Legrasse about the Old Ones. The crouching image with its cuttlefish head. however. Sailing for London. terrible antiquity. Geologists.and of those hints of old Castro about the sunken. but gained nothing from its non-committal bulk. Waterfront scum was far too common for special mentnon. for in some way the second of April had put a stop to whatever monstrous menace had begun its siege of mankind’s soul. and with the same utter mystery. and hieroglyphed pedestal. finding it a thing of balefully exquisite workmanship. I found that little was known of the strange cult-members who had lingered in the old sea-taverns. and all they could do was to give me his Oslo address. In less than a month I was in Dunedin. at Circular Quay in Sydney Cove. I bade my host adieu and took a train for San Francisco. dank Cyclopean city whilst a young sculptor had moulded in his sleep the form of the dreaded Cthulhu. after a day of hurried cabling and arranging. scaly wings. where.the date on which all dreams of the dank city ceased. I now resolved to visit Mate Johansen in Oslo. After that I went to Sydney and talked profitlessly with seamen and members of the vice-admiralty court. and unearthly strangeness of material which I had noted in Legrasse’s smaller specimen. now sold and in commercial use. “They had come from the stars. they must be horrors of the mind alone.” Shaken with such a mental revolution as I had never before known. had found it a monstrous puzzle. and had thereafter sold his cottage in West Street and sailed with his wife to his old home in Oslo.

but had left a long manuscript . The Emma.written in English. thank God. Physicians found no adequate cause the end. known and favoured by a nightmare cult ready and eager to loose them upon the world whenever another earthquake shall heave their monstrous stone city again to the sun and air. During a walk rough a narrow lane near the Gothenburg dock. and I could feel the mate’s regret as he wrote of her bombardment and sinking. It was a simple. in ballast. and one autumn day landed at the trim wharves in the shadow of the Egeberg. and laid it to heart trouble and a weakened constitution. Johansen’s voyage had begun just as he told it to the vice-admiralty. Once more under control. even though he saw the city and the Thing. which kept alive the name of Oslo during all the centuries that the greater city masqueraded as “Christiana. lay in the Old Town of King Harold Haardrada. too. but I shall never sleep calmly again when I think of the horrors that lurk ceaselessly behind life in time and in space. Of the 292 . “accidentally” or otherwise. and knocked with palpitant heart at the door of a neat and ancient building with plastered front. evidently in order to guard her from the peril of casual perusal. Johansen’s address.” I made the brief trip by taxicab. a bundle of papers falling from an attic window had knocked him down. but before the ambulance could reach him he was dead. Persuad-g the widow that my connexion with her husband’s “technical matters” was sufficient to entitle me to his manuscript. rambling thing . and had felt the full force of that earthquake-born tempest which must have heaved up from the sea-bottom the horrors that filled men’s dreams. Johansen.and strove to recall day by day that last awful voyage. He had told her no more than he told the public.of “technical matters” as he said . am at rest.a naive sailor’s effort at a post-facto diary . the ship was making good progress when held up by the Alert on March 22nd. I discovered. but I will tell its gist enough to shew why the sound the water against the vessel’s sides became so unendurable to me that I stopped my ears with cotton. I now felt gnawing at my vitals that dark terror which will never leave me till I. He had not long survived his return. said his wife. I cannot attempt to transcribe it verbatim in all its cloudiness and redundance. did not know quite all. for the doings sea in 1925 had broken him. had cleared Auckland on February 20th. and I was stung th disappointment when she told me in halting English that Gustaf Johansen was no more. and of those unhallowed blasphemies from elder stars which dream beneath the sea. A sad-faced woman in black answered my summons. Two Lascar sailors at once helped him to his feet.for the Norwegian capital. I bore the document away and began to read it on the London boat.

actually emerged from the waters. driven ahead by curiosity in their captured yacht under Johansen’s command. and twisted menace and suspense lurked leeringly in those crazily elusive angles of 293 . Then. Without knowing what futurism is like. When I think of the extent of all that may be brooding down there I almost wish to kill myself forthwith. that was built in measureless aeons behind history by the vast. but God knows he soon saw enough! I suppose that only a single mountain-top. Latitude 47°9′. Johansen and his men landed at a sloping mud-bank on this monstrous Acropolis.swarthy cult-fiends on the Alert he speaks with significant horror. for instead of describing any definite structure or building. and loathsomely redolent of spheres and dimensions apart from ours. come upon a coastline of mingled mud. after cycles incalculable. he dwells only on broad impressions of vast angles and stone surfaces surfaces too great to belong to anything right or proper for this earth. Johansen and his men were awed by the cosmic majesty of this dripping Babylon of elder daemons. at the dizzying height of the great carven monolith. hidden in green slimy vaults and sending out at last. There lay great Cthulhu and his hordes. He said that the geometry of the dream-place he saw was abnormal. loathsome shapes that seeped down from the dark stars. and at the stupefying identity of the colossal statues and bas-reliefs with the queer image found in the shrine on the Alert. Longitude l23°43′. and in S. Now an unlettered seaman felt the same thing whilst gazing at the terrible reality. and must have guessed without guidance that it was nothing of this or of any sane planet. Awe at the unbelievable size of the greenish stone blocks. Johansen achieved something very close to it when he spoke of the city. non-Euclidean. the hideous monolith-crowned citadel whereon great Cthulhu was buried. and impious with horrible images and hieroglyphs. and Johansen shews ingenuous wonder at the charge of ruthlessness brought against his party during the proceedings of the court of inquiry. There was some peculiarly abominable quality about them which made their destruction seem almost a duty. and weedy Cyclopean masonry which can be nothing less than the tangible substance of earth’s supreme terror . the men sight a great stone pillar sticking out of the sea.the nightmare corpse-city of R’lyeh. All this Johansen did not suspect. The very sun of heaven seemed distorted when viewed through the polarising miasma welling out from this sea-soaked perversion. the thoughts that spread fear to the dreams of the sensitive and called imperiously to the faithfull to come on a pilgrimage of liberation and restoration. ooze. I mention his talk about angles because it suggests something Wilcox had told me of his awful dreams. and clambered slipperily up over titan oozy blocks which could have been no mortal staircase. W. is poignantly visible in every line of the mates frightened description.

very softly and slowly. and jambs around it. and everyone watched the queer recession of the monstrously carven portal.carven rock where a second glance shewed concavity after the first shewed convexity. and they all felt that it was a door because of the ornate lintel. The odour rising from the newly opened depths was intolerable. and looked curiously at the immense carved door with the now familiar squid-dragon bas-relief. Then. and it was only half-heartedly that they searched vainly. for it obscured such parts of the inner walls as ought to have been revealed. and actually burst forth like smoke from its aeon-long imprisonment. It was Rodriguez the Portuguese who climbed up the foot of the monolith and shouted of what he had found. Then Donovan felt over it delicately around the edge. threshold.and the men wondered how any door in the universe could be so vast. hence the relative position of everything else seemed phantasmally variable. That tenebrousness was indeed a positive quality. as it proved . The aperture was black with a darkness almost material. It was. pressing each point separately as he went. Everyone listened. 294 .for some portable souvenir to bear away. Something very like fright had come over all the explorers before anything more definite than rock and ooze and weed was seen. one would call it climbing if the thing was not after all horizontal . The rest followed him. Briden pushed at the stone in several places without result. As Wilcox would have said. One could not be sure that the sea and the ground were horizontal. In this phantasy of prismatic distortion it moved anomalously in a diagonal way. and they saw that it was balauced Donovan slid or somehow propelled himself down or along the jamb and rejoined his fellows. Each would have fled had he not feared the scorn of the others. slopping sound down there. and at length the quick-eared Hawkins thought he heard a nasty. the geometry of the place was all wrong. and everyone was listening still when It lumbered slobberingly into sight and gropingly squeezed Its gelatinous green immensity through the black doorway into the tainted outside air of that poison city of madness. the acre-great lintel began to give inward at the top. so that all the rules of matter and perspective seemed upset. though they could not decide whether it lay flat like a trap-door or slantwise like an outside cellar-door. like a great barn-door.that is. He climbed interminably along the grotesque stone moulding . Johansen said. visibly darkening the sun as it slunk away into the shrunken and gibbous sky on flapping membraneous wings.

So only Briden and Johansen reached the boat. ran lightning-like on deck and reversed the wheel. laughing shrilly as he kept on laughing at intervals till death found him one night in the cabin whilst Johansen was wandering deliriously. They were Donovan. and pulled desperately for the Alert as the mountainous monstrosity flopped down the slimy stones and hesitated. despite the departure of all hands for the shore. Parker slipped as the other three were plunging frenziedly over endless vistas of green-crusted rock to the boat. Briden looked back and went mad. God! What wonder that across the earth a great architect went mad. The Thing cannot be described . and Angstrom. a slushy nastiness as of a cloven 295 . but behaved as if it were obtuse. and it was the work of only a few moments of feverish rushing up and down between wheel and engines to get the Alert under way. There was a mighty eddying and foaming in the noisome brine.there is no language for such abysms of shrieking and immemorial lunacy. force. such eldritch contradictions of all matter. sticky spawn of the stars. Slowly. bolder than the storied Cyclops. God rest them. A mountain walked or stumbled. if there be any rest in the universe. floundering at the edge of the water. a band of innocent sailors had done by accident. whilst on the masonry of that charnel shore that was not of earth the titan Thing from the stars slavered and gibbered like Polypheme cursing the fleeing ship of Odysseus. After vigintillions of years great Cthulhu was loose again. The awful squid-head with writhing feelers came nearly up to the bowsprit of the sturdy yacht. had awaked to claim his own. but johansen drove on relentlessly. and ravening for delight. he thinks two perished of pure fright in that accursed instant. and Johansen swears he was swallowed up by an angle of masonry which shouldn’t have been there. she began to churn the lethal waters. and poor Wilcox raved with fever in that telepathic instant? The Thing of the idols. he resolved on a desperate chance. and cosmic order. Guerrera. Three men were swept up by the flabby claws before anybody turned. an angle which was acute. great Cthulhu slid greasily into the water and began to pursue with vast wave-raising strokes of cosmic potency. Knowing that the Thing could surely overtake the Alert until steam was fully up. Then. The stars were right again. amidst the distorted horrors of that indescribable scene. Of the six men who never reached the ship. Steam had not been suffered to go down entirely. and. and what an age-old cult had failed to do by design. the green. setting the engine for full speed.Poor Johansen’s handwriting almost gave out when he wrote of this. But Johansen had not given out yet. There was a bursting as of an exploding bladder. and as the steam mounted higher and higher the brave Norwegian drove his vessel head on against the pursuing jelly which rose above the unclean froth like the stern of a daemon galleon.

Who knows the end? What has risen may sink.this test of my own sanity. He did not try to navigate after the first bold flight. and even the skies of spring and the flowers of summer must ever afterward be poison to me. and decay spreads over the tottering cities of men. With it shall go this record of mine . A time will come . for the reaction had taken something out of his soul. Loathsomeness waits and dreams in the deep. or else the world would by now be screaming with fright and frenzy. and a gathering of the clouds about his consciousness. and of hysterical plunges from the pit to the moon and from the moon back again to the pit. again in that chasm of stone which has shielded him since the sun was young. Then came the storm of April 2nd. of dizzying rides through reeling universes on a comets tail. But I do not think my life will be long. He could not tell .God in heaven! . the streets of Dunedin. After that Johansen only brooded over the idol in the cabin and attended to a few matters of food for himself and the laughing maniac by his side. He would write of what he knew before death came. hilarious elder gods and the green. For an instant the ship was befouled by an acrid and blinding green cloud. but his ministers on earth still bellow and prance and slay around idol-capped monoliths in lonely places. so I shall go. if I do not 296 .sunfish. Death would be a boon if only it could blot out the memories. and then there was only a venomous seething astern. His accursed city is sunken once more. Cthulhu still lives. and a sound that the chronicler could not put on paper. Out of that dream came rescue-the Vigilant. I have looked upon all that the universe has to hold of horror. There is a sense of spectral whirling through liquid gulfs of infinity. a stench as of a thousand opened graves. whilst its distance widened every second as the Alert gained impetus from its mounting steam. He must have been trapped by the sinking whilst within his black abyss. That was all. where . That was the document I read. and the long voyage back home to the old house by the Egeberg. and now I have placed it in the tin box beside the bas-relief and the papers of Professor Angell. As my uncle went. too. bat-winged mocking imps of Tartarus. but his wife must not guess.they would think him mad. all livened by a cachinnating chorus of the distorted. for the Vigilant sailed over the spot after the April storm.the scattered plasticity of that nameless sky-spawn was nebulously recombining in its hateful original form. as poor Johansen went.but I must not and cannot think! Let me pray that. and what has sunk may rise. and the cult still lives. I suppose. I know too much. the vice-admiralty court. wherein is pieced together that which I hope may never be pieced together again.

297 .survive this manuscript. my executors may put caution before audacity and see that it meets no other eye.

since it presented oddities of a general physiological as well as psychological character. the voice was lost. In the first place. but the face of this young man had taken on a subtle cast which only the very aged normally acquire. A Result and a Prologe 1 From a private hospital for the insane near Providence. 298 .’ . a Philosopher may. Rhode Island. all physicians agree that in Ward the processes of metabolism had become retarded to a degree beyond precedent. Even a large olive birthmark on the right hip had disappeared. the patient seemed oddly older than his twenty-six years would warrant. Respiration and heart action had a baffling lack of symmetry. either normal or pathological. that an ingenious Man may have the whole Ark of Noah in his own Studie. there recently disappeared an exceedingly singular person. Mental disturbance. and was placed under restraint most reluctantly by the grieving father who had watched his aberration grow from a mere eccentricity to a dark mania involving both a possibility of murderous tendencies and a profound and peculiar change in the apparent contents of his mind. Doctors confess themselves quite baffled by his case. call up the Shape of any dead Ancestour from the Dust whereinto his Bodie has been incinerated. his organic processes shewed a certain queerness of proportion which nothing in medical experience can parallel. He bore the name of Charles Dexter Ward. and the cellular structure of the tissue seemed exaggeratedly coarse and loosely knit. without any criminal Necromancy. In the second place. and raise the fine Shape of an Animal out of its Ashes at his Pleasure. and by the lyke Method from the essential Saltes of humane Dust. it is true.The Case of Charles Dexter Ward Written from January to March. digestion was incredibly prolonged and minimised. 1927 Published May and July of 1941 in Weird Tales ‘The essential Saltes of Animals may be so prepared and preserved. The skin had a morbid chill and dryness. and neural reactions to standard stimuli bore no relation at all to anything heretofore recorded. will age one rapidly. In general. so that no sounds above a whisper were possible. whilst there had formed on the chest a very peculiar mole or blackish spot of which no trace existed before.Borellus I.

but shortly after his departure the attendants knocked in vain. feel that he would like to say more if he thought any considerable number would believe him. though he seems strangely easier in mind than before the escape. indeed. indeed. Many. as gauged by his response to matters outside the sphere of his insanity. and both disavowed any knowledge or complicity in the escape. so powerful and lucid did the youth’s mind seem. His madness held no affinity to any sort recorded in even the latest and most exhaustive of treatises. Only Dr. was always a scholar and an antiquarian. was he finally placed in confinement.Psychologically. True. but he seemed more saddened than surprised. and shrewd observers. Waite called in person. Willett. Dr. freely predicted that he would not be long in gaining his discharge from custody. indeed. By the time Dr. a difficult matter to obtain a legal commitment to the hospital. too. but that was while Willett was still present. Ward’s father was told at once over the telephone. That escape itself is one of the unsolved wonders of Dr. Waite’s hospital. the dogs howled some time before. It was. Ward. Willett. but even his most brilliant early work did not shew the prodigious grasp and insight displayed during his last examinations by the alienists. seemed frightened at the thought of his future freedom. He was the last to see the patient before his flight. A window open above a sheer drop of sixty feet could hardly explain it. and only on the evidence of others. Willett had been talking with him. Charles Ward was unique. Willett. and even these are too wildly fantastic for general credence. who was Ward’s family physician. Only from certain closely confidential friends of Willett and the senior Ward have any clues been gained. who brought Charles Ward into the world and had watched his growth of body and mind ever since. and on the strength of many abnormal gaps in his stock of information as distinguished from his intelligence. The one fact which remains is that up to the present time no trace of the missing madman has been unearthed. 299 . affirms that the patient’s gross mental capacity. failing to foresee his escape. and emerged from that final conversation in a state of mixed horror and relief which several recalled when Ward’s escape became known three hours later. Dr. He had found Ward in his room. yet after that talk with Willett the youth was undeniably gone. and they had caught nothing and shewn no disturbance later on. presents a minor mystery all his own in his connexion with the case. it is true. When they opened the door the patient was not there. To the very moment of his vanishment he was an omnivorous reader and as great a conversationalist as his poor voice permitted. and all they found was the open window with a chill April breeze blowing in a cloud of fine bluish-grey dust that almost choked them. and was conjoined to a mental force which would have made him a genius or a leader had it not been twisted into strange and grotesque forms. had actually increased since the seizure. He had had a terrible experience and had made a terrible discovery which he dared not reveal to his sceptical colleagues. Willett himself has no public explanations to offer.

during the boy’s last year at the Moses Brown School. the grave of an ancestor named Joseph Curwen. Lyman. He had. the escaped patient manages to cope with the complicated world of today. on Stampers’ Hill. but it was clear to all who watched him that his whole programme of reading and conversation was determined by a frantic wish to imbibe such knowledge of his own life and of the ordinary practical and cultural background of the twentieth century as ought to have been his by virtue of his birth in 1902 and his education in the schools of our own time. and the study of colonial architecture. lost his regard for them through sheer familiarity.Charles Ward was an antiquarian from infancy. 300 . and all his final efforts were obviously bent toward mastering those common facts of the modern world which had been so totally and unmistakably expunged from his brain. in view of his vitally impaired range of data. varied only by this strangely persistent search for his forefather’s grave. when he suddenly turned from the study of the past to the study of the occult. The gaps of information which the alienists noticed were all related to modern matters. and were invariably offset by a correspondingly excessive though outwardly concealed knowledge of bygone matters as brought out by adroit questioning. and refused to qualify for college on the ground that he had individual researches of much greater importance to make. The beginning of Ward’s madness is a matter of dispute among alienists. This is certainly borne out by Ward’s altered habits at the time. It is. so that one would have fancied the patient literally transferred to a former age through some obscure sort of auto-hypnosis. which Curwen was known to have built and occupied. undeniable that the winter of 1919-20 saw a great change in Ward. some of whose papers he professed to have found behind the panelling of a very old house in Olney Court. These tastes are important to remember in considering his madness. The odd thing was that Ward seemed no longer interested in the antiquities he knew so well. especially by his continual search through town records and among old burying-grounds for a certain grave dug in 1771. broadly speaking. no doubt gaining his taste from the venerable town around him. he did his best to hide. That this wholesale deletion had occurred. so that history. the dominant opinion being that he is “lying low” in some humble and unexacting position till his stock of modern information can be brought up to the normal. furniture. Dr. they play a prominent part in its superficial form. and from the relics of the past which filled every corner of his parents’ old mansion in Prospect Street on the crest of the hill. whereby he abruptly stopped his general antiquarian pursuits and embarked on a desperate delving into occult subjects both at home and abroad. places it in 1919 or 1920. Alienists are now wondering how. With the years his devotion to ancient things increased. genealogy. the eminent Boston authority. for although they do not form its absolute nucleus. it appears. and craftsmanship at length crowded everything else from his sphere of interests.

Willett points out with much acuteness. and the problem of the Curwen penmanship and of what the detectives brought to light about Dr. The hole where Ward claimed to have found them was long a visible reality. Secondly. In the first place. and his hand trembles when he tries to write of them. Willett admits that the change of 1919-20 would ordinarily appear to mark the beginning of a progressive decadence which culminated in the horrible and uncanny alienation of 1928. after certain answers to these invocations had been plainly indicated. Dr. and the terrible message in mediaeval minuscules found in Willett’s pocket when he gained consciousness after his shocking experience. and Willett had a very convincing final glimpse of them in surroundings which can scarcely be believed and can never perhaps be proved.From this opinion. Granting freely that the boy was always ill-balanced temperamentally. crediting instead Ward’s own statement that he had discovered or rediscovered something whose effect on human though was likely to be marvellous and profound. It was only about this time. but believes from personal observation that a finer distinction must be made. these things. Allen. that the nightmare qualities became indubitably linked with Ward. came with a later change. and a frantic letter penned under agonising and inexplicable conditions. however. and prone to be unduly susceptible and enthusiastic in his responses to phenomena around him. Willett those papers and a page of the Curwen diary. so that his voice trembles when he tells them. and some terrible invocations chanted under strange and secret circumstances. after a trip to strange foreign places had been made. after the Curwen portrait and the ancient papers had been unearthed. there are the two hideous results which the doctor obtained from a certain pair of formulae during his final investigations. two workmen of high intelligence saw Joseph Curwen’s ancient papers found. Those investigations and discoveries have left their mark upon him. and each of the documents had every appearance of genuineness. and on certain frightful investigations and discoveries which he made toward the last. he is certain. results which virtually proved the authenticity of the papers and of their monstrous 301 . Willett substantially dissents. he refuses to concede that the early alteration marked the actual passage from sanity to madness. And most conclusive of all. the boy once shewed Dr. and after the patient’s memory commenced to exclude contemporary images whilst his physical aspect underwent the subtle modification so many subsequently noticed. basing his verdict on his close and continuous knowledge of the patient. and the doctor feels shudderingly sure that enough solid evidence exists to sustain the youth’s claim regarding his crucial discovery. The true madness. Then there were the mysteries and coincidences of the Orne and Hutchinson letters. after the wave of vampirism and the ominous Pawtuxet gossip.

the Athenaeum. had always charmed his youthful antiquarian sense. and with all its eastern homes on high terraces. The nurse used to stop and sit on the benches of Prospect Terrace to chat with policemen. and the newly opened Shepley Library in Benefit Street. for it was up this hill that the growing town had climbed. His walks were always adventures in antiquity. the John Carter Brown and John Hay Libraries of Brown University. and with a considerable show of zest in the military training of the period. the Public Library. He had been wheeled.implications at the same time that those papers were borne forever from human knowledge. and one of the child’s first memories was of the great westward sea of hazy roofs and domes and steeples and far hills which he saw one winter afternoon from that great railed embankment. and blond. One may picture him yet as he was in those days. and violet and 302 . the Historical Society. His social activities were few. and in pursuit of antiquarian and genealogical data at the City Hall. and in these rides he had imbibed something of the colour of a quaint colonial village. he had begun his junior year at the Moses Brown School. domes. dressed somewhat carelessly. and giving a dominant impression of harmless awkwardness rather than attractiveness. too. and skyscraper summits of the lower town to the purple hills of the countryside beyond. one tier lower down on the steep hill. in rambling walks. roofs. The small wooden houses averaged a greater age here. erected in 1819. with studious eyes and a slight droop. and on toward the stately colleges along the shady. which lies very near his home. the State House. whose old square brick mansions and smaller wooden houses with narrow. along sleepy Congdon Street. in his classes and drills. heavy-columned Doric porches dreamed solid and exclusive amidst their generous yards and gardens. and the spacious park in which the academy is set appealed to his sharp eye for landscape. Here he was born. tall. 2 One must look back at Charles Ward’s earlier life as at something belonging as much to the past as the antiquities he loved so keenly. His home was a great Georgian mansion atop the well-nigh precipitous hill that rises just east of the river. and from the rear windows of its rambling wings he could look dizzily out over all the clustered spires. and his hours were spent mainly at home. In the autumn of 1918. and from the lovely classic porch of the double-bayed brick facade his nurse had first wheeled him in his carriage. sumptuous street. slim. during which he managed to recapture from the myriad relics of a glamorous old city a vivid and connected picture of the centuries before. past the little white farmhouse of two hundred years before that the town had long ago overtaken. The old main building.

luxurious with its matchless Gibbs steeple. it was long before he dared to thread their archaic verticality for fear they would turn out a dream or a gateway to unknown terrors. and beside him a prehistoric gambrel-roofer with a bit of primal farmyard remaining. but the titan elms cast a restoring shadow over the place. Then came the exquisite First Baptist Church of 1775. and blear-eyed ship-chandleries.the successive Gaol Lane and King Street of other periods . At Meeting Street . Here ran innumerable little lanes with leaning. Farther and farther down that almost perpendicular hill he would venture. and then alone in dreamy meditation. each time reaching older and quainter levels of the ancient city. down to the old “Town Street” that the founders had laid out at the river’s edge in 1636. first with his impatiently dragged nurse. Westward the hill dropped almost as steeply as above. and the great Judge Durfee house with its fallen vestiges of Georgian grandeur.he would look upward to the east and see the arched flight of steps to which the highway had to resort in climbing the slope. The vast marble dome of the State House stood out in massive silhouette. He would hesitate gingerly down vertical Jenckes Street with its bank walls and colonial gables to the shady Benefit Street corner.mystic against a fevered. and downward to the west. He found it much less formidable to continue along Benefit Street past the iron fence of St. spectral in their many-gabled archaism and dipping to a riot of iridescent decay where the wicked old water-front recalls its proud East India days amidst polyglot vice and squalor. huddled houses of immense antiquity. Here and to the southward the neighbourhood became better. and red heels and periwigs set off the painted pediments whose signs of wear were now becoming so visible. where before him was a wooden antique with an Ionic-pilastered pair of doorways. and the boy used to stroll south past the long lines of the pre-Revolutionary homes with their great central chimneys and classic portals. and the young Charles could picture them as they were when the street was new. When he was larger his famous walks began. flowering at last into a marvellous group of early mansions. It was getting to be a slum here. and the Georgian roofs and cupolas hovering by. but still the little ancient lanes led off down the precipice to the west. On the eastern side they were set high over basements with railed double flights of stone steps. 303 . its crowning statue haloed fantastically by a break in one of the tinted stratus clouds that barred the flaming sky. and fascinated though he was. rotting wharves. glimpsing the old brick colonial schoolhouse that smiles across the road at the ancient Sign of Shakespeare’s Head where the Providence Gazette and Country-Journal was printed before the Revolution. John’s hidden churchyard and the rear of the 1761 Colony House and the mouldering bulk of the Golden Ball Inn where Washington stopped. apocalyptic sunset of reds and golds and purples and curious greens.

These rambles. Coin. searching out the docks where the bay and sound steamers still touched. Dollar. Benevolent. and the other half in the gracious southerly realm about George. In that square he would pause to drink in the bewildering beauty of the old town as it rises on its eastward bluff. Then. in that fateful winter of 1919-20. Doubloon. Sometimes. and illustrate the mental soil upon which fell. After a long look he would grow almost dizzy with a poet’s love for the sight. Dime. Dr. young Ward would venture down into this maelstrom of tottering houses. winding from South Main to South Water. At other times. and returning northward at this lower level past the steep-roofed 1816 warehouses and the broad square at the Great Bridge. where the 1773 Market House still stands firm on its ancient arches. broken transoms. He like mostly to reach this point in the late afternoon. Willett is certain that. by insidious degrees.with such surviving alley names as Packet. Paul’s. as he grew taller and more adventurous. and nameless odours. decked with its two Georgian spires and crowned by the vast new Christian Science dome as London is crowned by St. Charles Ward’s antiquarianism was free from every trace of the morbid. Power. spending half a walk in the crumbling colonial regions northwest of his home. and then he would scale the slope homeward in the dusk past the old white church and up the narrow precipitous ways where yellow gleams would begin to peep out in small-paned windows and through fanlights set high over double flights of steps with curious wrought-iron railings. Bullion. together with the diligent studies which accompanied them. and Cent. where the old slope holds unchanged the fine estates and bits of walled garden and steep green lane in which so many fragrant memories linger. and throws magic around the dreaming wharves where Providence Indiamen used to ride at anchor. up to this ill-omened winter of first change. tumbling steps. Sovereign. Graveyards held for him no particular attraction beyond their quaintness and historic value. and Williams Streets. when the slanting sunlight touches the Market House and the ancient hill roofs and belfries with gold. the seeds that came to such strange and terrible fruition. and of anything like violence or savage instinct he was utterly devoid. certainly account for a large amount of the antiquarian lore which at last crowded the modern world from Charles Ward’s mind. who 304 . he would seek for vivid contrasts. twisted balustrades. when he had discovered among his maternal ancestors a certain very long-lived man named Joseph Curwen. where the hill drops to the lower eminence of Stampers’ Hill with its ghetto and negro quarter clustering round the place where the Boston stage coach used to start before the Revolution. swarthy faces. Guilder. and in later years. Silver. there appeared to develop a curious sequel to one of his genealogical triumphs of the year before. Gold.

diaries. he proceeded to hunt out as systematically as possible whatever he might find concerning him. whilst examining a volume of original town records in manuscript. It was at once clear to Charles Ward that he had indeed discovered a hitherto unknown great-great-great-grandfather. about whom there remained so few publicly available records. but having discovered his own relationship to this apparently “hushed-up” character. and what in Dr. The discovery doubly excited him because he had already heard vague reports and seen scattered allusions relating to this person. Eliza. along with her seven-year-old daughter Ann. was the matter found in August 1919 behind the panelling of the crumbling house in Olney Court. Ward had been content to let his romancing about old Joseph Curwen remain in the idle stage. Late in 1918. Ward’s great-great-grandfather Welcome Potter had in 1785 married a certain ‘Ann Tillinghast. In this excited quest he eventually succeeded beyond his highest expectations. that it almost seemed as if a conspiracy had existed to blot him from memory.’ of whose paternity the family had preserved no trace. Willett’s opinion formed the definite source of Ward’s undoing. moreover. What did appear. James Tillinghast. tho’ not to be credited by a loyall Wife till so proven as to be wholely past Doubting. though. on the ground ‘that her Husband’s name was become a public Reproach by Reason of what was knowne after his Decease. her maiden name of Tillinghast. by which in 1772 a Mrs. Before this. 305 . was of such a singular and provocative nature that one could not fail to imagine curiously what it was that the colonial recorders were so anxious to conceal and forget. and sheaves of unpublished memoirs in cobwebbed Providence garrets and elsewhere yielded many illuminating passages which their writers had not thought it worth their while to destroy. It was that. the which confirming an antient common Rumour. for old letters. the young genealogist encountered an entry describing a legal change of name. widow of Joseph Curwen. aside from those becoming public only in modern times.had come from Salem in March of 1692. where some Rhode Island colonial correspondence was stored in the Museum at Fraunces’ Tavern. One important sidelight came from a point as remote as New York. Eliza Curwen.’ This entry came to light upon the accidental separation of two leaves which had been carefully pasted together and treated as one by a laboured revision of the page numbers. which opened up those black vistas whose end was deeper than the pit. The really crucial thing. or to suspect that the deletion had reasons all too valid. beyond a doubt. daughter to Capt. resumed. and about whom a whispered series of highly peculiar and disquieting stories clustered. daughter of Mrs.

was a very astonishing. He was a colourless-looking man of about thirty. At length. many sufferers of various sorts applied to him for aid. it was observed that his ministrations to others seldom proved of benefit. and metals that the taciturn recluse incessantly bought or ordered from him. and was soon found qualified to become a freeman of Providence. and obscurely horrible individual. He had fled from Salem to Providence . and when old Dr. there was ceaseless talk of the drugs. and practised a simplicity of living which did not wear him our. 306 . He engaged in shipping enterprises. It was held. As decades mounted up. and always gave them odd-coloured potions in response to their requests. in what later became Olney Court. Jabez Bowen came from Rehoboth and opened his apothecary shop across the Great Bridge at the Sign of the Unicorn and Mortar. being in fear of accusation because of his solitary ways and queer chemical or alchemical experiments. as revealed by the rambling legends embodied in what Ward heard and unearthed. that Curwen’s incessant mixings and boilings of chemicals had much to do with his condition. enigmatic. thereafter buying a home lot just north of Gregory Dexter’s at about the foot of Olney Street. and the dissenting . the people began to whisper more darkly. but though he appeared to encourage their belief in a noncommittal way. but always did he retain his nondescript aspect of a man not greatly over thirty or thirty-five. helped rebuild the Great Bridge in 1713. purchased wharfage near Mile-End Cove. and in 1761 he replaced this with a larger one. and with the queer gleaming of his windows at all hours of night. when over fifty years had passed since the stranger’s advent. and they were prone to assign other reasons for his continued youth and longevity. for the most part. which is still standing. and in 1723 was one of the founders of the Congregational Church on the hill. How such simplicity could be reconciled with the inexplicable comings and goings of the secretive merchant. on the same site. this singular quality began to excite wide notice. but Curwen always explained it by saying that he came of hardy forefathers. the free. His house was built on Stampers’ Hill west of the Town Street. and New York.that universal haven of the odd. An Antecedent and a Horror 1 Joseph Curwen. Gossip spoke of the strange substances he brought from London and the Indies on his ships or purchased in Newport. acids.at the beginning of the great witchcraft panic.II. was not very clear to the townsfolk. Boston. Now the first odd thing about Joseph Curwen was that he did not seem to grow much older than he had been on his arrival. and to meet more than half way that desire for isolation which he had always shewn. Acting on the assumption that Curwen possessed a wondrous and secret medical skill. and without producing more than five years’ apparent change in his face and physique.

probably due to a mixture of negro blood. too. In the lead-to of this house was the laboratory where most of the chemical experiments were conducted. Here there was less mystery. and the wife of a very repulsive cast of countenance. it is true. too. and furnaces they saw in the low shelved room. Curious porters and teamers who delivered bottles. at which he generally lived during the summer. he had naturally made acquaintances of the better sort. though no one had witnessed any deed on his part which could actually be termed ghoulish. and wool.the Fenners. feared. farmers. In choicer circles. crucibles. and to which he would frequently be seen riding at various odd times of the day or night. in which he was glimpsed at all hours. since the Curwens or Corwins of Salem needed no introduction in New 307 .would not be long in finding the Philosopher’s Stone. when the man must have been nearly a century old. and caretakers were a sullen pair of aged Narragansett Indians. and sustained howlings. and finally shunned like a plague. His passion for graveyards. all combined with what was known of the Pawtuxet farm to give the place a bad name. There were cries. whose company and conversation he was well fitted by education to enjoy.Private letters and diaries of the period reveal. the husband dumb and curiously scarred. and they did not like the large numbers of livestock which thronged the pastures. His birth was known to be good. a multitude of other reasons why Joseph Curwen was marvelled at. there was something very obnoxious about a certain great stone outbuilding with only high narrow slits for windows. for as the newcomer had gradually worked into the church and trading life of the town. they said. On the Pawtuxet Road he had a farm. the secretiveness of the two swarthy foreigners who comprised the only menservants. alembics. whose timbers he took the peculiar precaution of burning after its demolition. bags. Then. for no such amount was needed to keep a lone old man and a very few servants in meat. not so much the fine new one built in 1761. and under all conditions. The identity of the stock seemed to change from week to week as new droves were purchased from the Kingstown farmers. but the first low gambrel-roofed one with the windowless attic and shingled sides. too. Great Bridge idlers likewise had much to say of Curwen’s town house in Olney Court. and the quality of certain voices often heard in muffled conversation at highly unseasonable times. but the hours at which lights were seen. or boxes at the small read door would exchange accounts of the fantastic flasks. was notorious.had still queerer things to tell of certain sounds which they insisted came from the Curwen place in the night. and prophesied in whispers that the close-mouthed “chymist” . a quarter of a mile away . The nearest neighbours to this farm . milk. the Curwen home was by no means undiscussed.by which they meant alchemist . the hideous indistinct mumbling of the incredibly aged French housekeeper. the large amounts of food seen to enter a door within which only four persons lived. Here his only visible servants.

when he deigned to use it. his microscope. and was more cordially received than most other callers at the house had been. sardonic arrogance. keeping the first coach and liveried servants in town. There seemed to lurk in his bearing some cryptic. Latin. and scientific works including Paracelsus. Mr. and Stahl. that he would give much to learn what the mysterious old man had said to the sprightly cleric. Mr. as if he had come to find all human beings dull though having moved among stranger and more potent entities. More definite. Perhaps. Merritt was not too alarmed to envy. John Merritt. which besides the Greek. and English classics were equipped with a remarkable battery of philosophical. Boerhaave. 308 . alchemical. he always reared such a wall of reserve that few could think of anything to say to him which would not sound inane. Merritt’s coach. and the two drove out at once in Mr. and taking great pride in his telescope.England. Van Helmont. Glauber. besides a host of standard works which Mr. living for a time in England and making at least two voyages to the Orient. but left in a very short while because of some sinister undercurrent he detected in his host’s discourse. In 1746 Mr. But for some reason or other Curwen did not care for society. but that all diarists agree concerning Dr. an elderly English gentleman of literary and scientific leanings. He lived in considerable style and comfort. mathematical. he did not neglect calling on one of whom he soon heard so much. Charles Ward told his father. was the reason why another man of taste and breeding avoided the haughty hermit. when they discussed Curwen one winter evening. Boyle. and theological subjects which Curwen kept in a front room were alone sufficient to inspire him with a lasting loathing. Checkley’s reluctance to repeat anything he had heard. Hearing of Curwen as the owner of the best library in Providence. however. embraced nearly all the cabbalists. Agricola. Merritt early paid him a call. Sylvius. Becher. and his wellchosen library of English and Latin books. came from Newport to the town which was so rapidly overtaking it in standing. When Dr. This bizarre collection. It developed that Joseph Curwen had travelled much in very early life. led Curwen to suggest a visit to the farmhouse and laboratory whither he had never invited anyone before. The good man had been hideously shocked. and his speech. but maintained that the titles of the books in the special library of thaumaturgical. and built a fine country seat on the Neck in what is now the heart of the best residence section. and could never recall Joseph Curwen without a visible loss of the gay urbanity for which he was famed. was that of a learned and cultivated Englishman. the facial expression of the owner in exhibiting them contributed much of the prejudice. Checkley the famous wit came from Boston in 1738 to be rector of King’s Church. His admiration for his host’s ample shelves. however. Merritt always confessed to seeing nothing really horrible at the farmhouse. Whilst never actually rebuffing a visitor.

The book was open at about its middle. the rakish privateers. and Artephius’s Key of Wisdom all were there. he could not tell. that an ingenious Man may have the whole Ark of Noah in his own Studie. he found it was in truth the forbidden Necronomicon of the mad Arab Abdul Alhazred. and the seasoned salts who manned the infinite rum. Hermes Trismegistus in Mesnard’s edition. Merritt turned pale when. of which he had heard such monstrous things whispered some years previously after the exposure of nameless rites at the strange little fishing village of Kingsport. that the worst things were muttered about Joseph Curwen. all made strange furtive signs of protection when they saw the slim. and was a treasure-house of lore in the doubtful realms of alchemy and astrology. without any criminal Necromancy. and raise the fine Shape of an Animal out of its Ashes at his Pleasure. the Turba Philosophorum. Curwen’s own clerks and captains hated and feared him. bearing many cryptical marginalia and interlineations in Curwen’s hand. Raymond Lully’s Ars Magna et Ultima in Zetsner’s edition. Peter Jammy’s set of Albertus Magnus. and the great brigs of the Browns. He recalled it to the end of his days. deceptively young-looking figure with its yellow hair and slight stoop entering the Curwen warehouse in Doubloon Street or talking with captains and supercargoes on the long quay where the Curwen ships rode restlessly. or the feverish heaviness of the strokes which formed the underscoring. writing it down from memory in his diary and once trying to recite it to his close friend Dr. On the huge mahogany table there lay face downwards a badly worn copy of Borellus. and Mr. But oddly enough. the worthy gentleman owned himself most impalpably disquieted by a mere minor detail. Geber’s Liber Investigationis. Fludd’s Clavis Alchimiae. with the cabbalistic Zohar. and Tillinghasts. slave. however. Roger Bacon’s Thesaurus Chemicus. Sailors are superstitious folk. Whether it was the nature of the passage underscored. and all his sailors were 309 . but something in that combination affected him very badly and very peculiarly. in the province of the Massachussetts-Bay. It read: ‘The essential Saltes of Animals may be so prepared and preserved. call up the Shape of any dead Ancestour from the Dust whereinto his Bodie has been incinerated. and one paragraph displayed such thick and tremulous pen-strokes beneath the lines of mystic black-letter that the visitor could not resist scanning it through. Mediaeval Jews and Arabs were represented in profusion. and molasses sloops. and by the lyke Method from the essential Saltes of humane Dust. Crawfords. and magicians known to man. a Philosopher may.daemonologists. upon taking down a fine volume conspicuously labelled as the Qanoon-e-Islam.’ It was near the docks along the southerly part of the Town Street. and Trithemius’s De Lapide Philosophico crowding them close. Checkley till he saw how greatly it disturbed the urbane rector.

mongrel riff-raff from Martinique, St. Eustatius, Havana, or Port Royal. It was, in a way, the frequency with which these sailors were replaced which inspired the acutest and most tangible part of the fear in which the old man was held. A crew would be turned loose in the town on shore leave, some of its members perhaps charged with this errand or that; and when reassembled it would be almost sure to lack one or more men. That many of the errands had concerned the farm of Pawtuxet Road, and that few of the sailors had ever been seen to return from that place, was not forgotten; so that in time it became exceedingly difficult for Curwen to keep his oddly assorted hands. Almost invariably several would desert soon after hearing the gossip of the Providence wharves, and their replacement in the West Indies became an increasingly great problem to the merchant. By 1760 Joseph Curwen was virtually an outcast, suspected of vague horrors and daemoniac alliances which seemed all the more menacing because they could not be named, understood, or even proved to exist. The last straw may have come from the affair of the missing soldiers in 1758, for in March and April of that year two Royal regiments on their way to New France were quartered in Providence, and depleted by an inexplicable process far beyond the average rate of desertion. Rumour dwelt on the frequency with which Curwen was wont to be seen talking with the red-coated strangers; and as several of them began to be missed, people thought of the odd conditions among his own seamen. What would have happened if the regiments had not been ordered on, no one can tell. Meanwhile the merchant’s worldly affairs were prospering. He had a virtual monopoly of the town’s trade in saltpetre, black pepper, and cinnamon, and easily led any other one shipping establishment save the Browns in his importation of brassware, indigo, cotton, woollens, salt, rigging, iron, paper, and English goods of every kind. Such shopkeepers as James Green, at the Sign of the Elephant in Cheapside, the Russells, at the Sign of the Golden Eagle across the Bridge, or Clark and Nightingale at the Frying-Pan and Fish near New CoffeeHouse, depended almost wholly upon him for their stock; and his arrangements with the local distillers, the Narragansett dairymen and horse-breeders, and the Newport candle-makers, made him one of the prime exporters of the Colony. Ostracised though he was, he did not lack for civic spirit of a sort. When the Colony House burned down, he subscribed handsomely to the lotteries by which the new brick one - still standing at the head of its parade in the old main street was built in 1761. In that same year, too, he helped rebuild the Great Bridge after the October gale. He replaced many of the books of the public library consumed in the Colony House fire, and bought heavily in the lottery that gave the muddy Market Parade and deep-rutted Town Street their pavement of great round stones with a brick footwalk or “causey” in the middle. About this time, also, he


built the plain but excellent new house whose doorway is still such a triumph of carving. When the Whitefield adherents broke off from Dr. Cotton’s hill church in 1743 and founded Deacon Snow’s church across the Bridge, Curwen had gone with them; though his zeal and attendance soon abated. Now, however, he cultivated piety once more; as if to dispel the shadow which had thrown him into isolation and would soon begin to wreck his business fortunes if not sharply checked. 2 The sight of this strange, pallid man, hardly middle-aged in aspect yet certainly not less than a full century old, seeking at last to emerge from a cloud of fright and detestation too vague to pin down or analyse, was at once a pathetic, a dramatic, and a contemptible thing. Such is the power of wealth and of surface gestures, however, that there came indeed a slight abatement in the visible aversion displayed toward him; especially after the rapid disappearances of his sailors abruptly ceased. He must likewise have begun to practice an extreme care and secrecy in his graveyard expeditions, for he was never again caught at such wanderings; whilst the rumours of uncanny sounds and manoeuvres at his Pawtuxet farm diminished in proportion. His rate of food consumption and cattle replacement remained abnormally high; but not until modern times, when Charles Ward examined a set of his accounts and invoices in the Shepley Library, did it occur to any person - save one embittered youth, perhaps - to make dark comparisons between the large number of Guinea blacks he imported until 1766, and the disturbingly small number for whom he could produce bona fide bills of sale either to slave-dealers at the Great Bridge or to the planters of the Narragansett Country. Certainly, the cunning and ingenuity of this abhorred character were uncannily profound, once the necessity for their exercise had become impressed upon him. But of course the effect of all this belated mending was necessarily slight. Curwen continued to be avoided and distrusted, as indeed the one fact of his continued air of youth at a great age would have been enough to warrant; and he could see that in the end his fortunes would be likely to suffer. His elaborate studies and experiments, whatever they may have been, apparently required a heavy income for their maintenance; and since a change of environment would deprive him of the trading advantages he had gained, it would not have profited him to begin anew in a different region just then. Judgement demanded that he patch up his relations with the townsfolk of Providence, so that his presence might no longer be a signal for hushed conversation, transparent excuses or errands elsewhere, and a general atmosphere of constraint and uneasiness. His clerks, being now reduced to the shiftless and impecunious residue whom no one else would employ, were giving him much worry; and he held to his sea-


captains and mates only by shrewdness in gaining some kind of ascendancy over them - a mortgage, a promissory note, or a bit of information very pertinent to their welfare. In many cases, diarists have recorded with some awe, Curwen shewed almost the power of a wizard in unearthing family secrets for questionable use. During the final five years of his life it seemed as though only direct talks with the long-dead could possibly have furnished some of the data which he had so glibly at his tongue’s end. About this time the crafty scholar hit upon a last desperate expedient to regain his footing in the community. Hitherto a complete hermit, he now determined to contract an advantageous marriage; securing as a bride some lady whose unquestioned position would make all ostracism of his home impossible. It may be that he also had deeper reasons for wishing an alliance; reasons so far outside the known cosmic sphere that only papers found a century and a half after his death caused anyone to suspect them; but of this nothing certain can ever be learned. Naturally he was aware of the horror and indignation with which any ordinary courtship of his would be received, hence he looked about for some likely candidate upon whose parents he might exert a suitable pressure. Such candidates, he found, were not at all easy to discover; since he had very particular requirements in the way of beauty, accomplishments, and social security. At length his survey narrowed down to the household of one of his best and oldest ship-captains, a widower of high birth and unblemished standing named Dutee Tillinghast, whose only daughter Eliza seemed dowered with every conceivable advantage save prospects as an heiress. Capt. Tillinghast was completely under the domination of Curwen; and consented, after a terrible interview in his cupolaed house on Power’s Lane hill, to sanction the blasphemous alliance. Eliza Tillinghast was at that time eighteen years of age, and had been reared as gently as the reduced circumstances of her father permitted. She had attended Stephen Jackson’s school opposite the Court-House Parade; and had been diligently instructed by her mother, before the latter’s death of smallpox in 1757, in all the arts and refinements of domestic life. A sampler of hers, worked in 1753 at the age of nine, may still be found in the rooms of the Rhode Island Historical Society. After her mother’s death she had kept the house, aided only by one old black woman. Her arguments with her father concerning the proposed Curwen marriage must have been painful indeed; but of these we have no record. Certain it is that her engagement to young Ezra Weeden, second mate of the Crawford packet Enterprise, was dutifully broken off, and that her union with Joseph Curwen took place on the seventh of March, 1763, in the Baptist church, in the presence of the most distinguished assemblages which the town could boast; the ceremony being performed by the younger Samuel Winsor. The Gazette mentioned the event very briefly. and in most surviving copies the item in


question seems to be cut or torn out. Ward found a single intact copy after much search in the archives of a private collector of note, observing with amusement the meaningless urbanity of the language: ‘Monday evening last, Mr. Joseph Curwen, of this Town, Merchant, was married to Miss Eliza Tillinghast, Daughter of Capt. Dutee Tillinghast, a young Lady who has real Merit, added to a beautiful Person, to grace the connubial State and perpetuate its Felicity.’ The collection of Durfee-Arnold letters, discovered by Charles Ward shortly before his first reputed madness in the private collection of Melville F. Peters, Esq., of George St., and covering this and a somewhat antecedent period, throws vivid light on the outrage done to public sentiment by this ill-assorted match. The social influence of the Tillinghasts, however, was not to be denied; and once more Joseph Curwen found his house frequented by persons whom he could never otherwise have induced to cross his threshold. His acceptance was by no means complete, and his bride was socially the sufferer through her forced venture; but at all events the wall of utter ostracism was somewhat torn down. In his treatment of his wife the strange bridegroom astonished both her and the community by displaying an extreme graciousness and consideration. The new house in Olney Court was now wholly free from disturbing manifestations, and although Curwen was much absent at the Pawtuxet farm which his wife never visited, he seemed more like a normal citizen than at any other time in his long years of residence. Only one person remained in open enmity with him, this being the youthful ship’s officer whose engagement to Eliza Tillinghast had been so abruptly broken. Ezra Weeden had frankly vowed vengeance; and though of a quiet and ordinarily mild disposition, was now gaining a hate-bred, dogged purpose which boded no good to the usurping husband. On the seventh of May, 1765, Curwen’s only child Ann was born; and was christened by the Rev. John Graves of King’s Church, of which both husband and wife had become communicants shortly after their marriage, in order to compromise between their respective Congregational and Baptist affiliations. The record of this birth, as well as that of the marriage two years before, was stricken from most copies of the church and town annals where it ought to appear; and Charles Ward located both with the greatest difficulty after his discover of the widow’s change of name had apprised him of his own relationship, and engendered the feverish interest which culminated in his madness. The birth entry, indeed, was found very curiously through correspondence with the heirs of the loyalist Dr. Graves, who had taken with him a duplicate set of records when he left his pastorate at the outbreak of the Revolution. Ward had tried this source because he knew that his great-greatgrandmother Ann Tillinghast Potter had been an Episcopalian.


Shortly after the birth of his daughter, an event he seemed to welcome with a fervour greatly out of keeping with his usual coldness, Curwen resolved to sit for a portrait. This he had painted by a very gifted Scotsman named Cosmo Alexander, then a resident of Newport, and since famous as the early teacher of Gilbert Stuart. The likeness was said to have been executed on a wall-panel of the library of the house in Olney Court, but neither of the two old diaries mentioning it gave any hint of its ultimate disposition. At this period the erratic scholar shewed signs of unusual abstraction, and spent as much time as he possibly could at his farm on the Pawtuxet Road. He seemed, as was stated, in a condition of suppressed excitement or suspense; as if expecting some phenomenal thing or on the brink of some strange discovery. Chemistry or alchemy would appear to have played a great part, for he took from his house to the farm the greater number of his volumes on that subject. His affectation of civic interest did not diminish, and he lost no opportunities for helping such leaders as Stephen Hopkins, Joseph Brown, and Benjamin West in their efforts to raise the cultural tone of the town, which was then much below the level of Newport in its patronage of the liberal arts. He had helped Daniel Jenckes found his bookshop in 1763, and was thereafter his best customer; extending aid likewise to the struggling Gazette that appeared each Wednesday at the Sign of Shakespeare’s Head. In politics he ardently supported Governor Hopkins against the Ward party whose prime strength was in Newport, and his really eloquent speech at Hacher’s Hall in 1765 against the setting off of North Providence as a separate town with a pro-Ward vote in the General Assembly did more than any other thing to wear down the prejudice against him. But Ezra Weeden, who watched him closely, sneered cynically at all this outward activity; and freely swore it was no more than a mask for some nameless traffick with the blackest gulfs of Tartarus. The revengeful youth began a systematic study of the man and his doings whenever he was in port; spending hours at night by the wharves with a dory in readiness when he saw lights in the Curwen warehouses, and following the small boat which would sometimes steal quietly off and down the bay. He also kept as close a watch as possible on the Pawtuxet farm, and was once severely bitten by the dogs the old Indian couple loosed upon him. 3 In 1766 came the final change in Joseph Curwen. It was very sudden, and gained wide notice amongst the curious townsfolk; for the air of suspense and expectancy dropped like an old cloak, giving instant place to an ill-concealed exaltation of perfect triumph. Curwen seemed to have difficulty in restraining himself from public harangues on what he had found or learned or made; but apparently the need of secrecy was greater than the longing to share his rejoicing, for no explanation was ever offered by him. It was after this transition,


which appears to have come early in July, that the sinister scholar began to astonish people by his possession of information which only their long-dead ancestors would seem to be able to impart. But Curwen’s feverish secret activities by no means ceased with this change. On the contrary, they tended rather to increase; so that more and more of his shipping business was handled by the captains whom he now bound to him by ties of fear as potent as those of bankruptcy had been. He altogether abandoned the slave trade, alleging that its profits were constantly decreasing. Every possible moment was spent at the Pawtuxet farm; although there were rumours now and then of his presence in places which, though not actually near graveyards, were yet so situated in relation to graveyards that thoughtful people wondered just how thorough the old merchant’s change of habits really was. Ezra Weeden, though his periods of espionage were necessarily brief and intermittent on account of his sea voyaging, had a vindictive persistence which the bulk of the practical townsfolk and farmers lacked; and subjected Curwen’s affairs to a scrutiny such as they had never had before. Many of the odd manoeuvres of the strange merchant’s vessels had been taken for granted on account of the unrest of the times, when every colonist seemed determined to resist the provisions of the Sugar Act which hampered a prominent traffick. Smuggling and evasion were the rule in Narragansett Bay, and nocturnal landings of illicit cargoes were continuous commonplaces. But Weeden, night after night following the lighters or small sloops which he saw steal off from the Curwen warehouses at the Town Street docks, soon felt assured that it was not merely His Majesty’s armed ships which the sinister skulker was anxious to avoid. Prior to the change in 1766 these boats had for the most part contained chained negroes, who were carried down and across the bay and landed at an obscure point on the shore just north of Pawtuxet; being afterward driven up the bluff and across country to the Curwen farm, where they were locked in that enormous stone outbuilding which had only five high narrow slits for windows. After that change, however, the whole programme was altered. Importation of slaves ceased at once, and for a time Curwen abandoned his midnight sailings. Then, about the spring of 1767, a new policy appeared. Once more the lighters grew wont to put out from the black, silent docks, and this time they would go down the bay some distance, perhaps as far as Namquit Point, where they would meet and receive cargo from strange ships of considerable size and widely varied appearance. Curwen’s sailors would then deposit this cargo at the usual point on the shore, and transport it overland to the farm; locking it in the same cryptical stone building which had formerly received the negroes. The cargo consisted almost wholly of boxes and cases, of which a large proportion were oblong and heavy and disturbingly suggestive of coffins.


Weeden always watched the farm with unremitting assiduity; visiting it each night for long periods, and seldom letting a week go by without a sight except when the ground bore a footprint-revealing snow. Even then he would often walk as close as possible in the travelled road or on the ice of the neighbouring river to see what tracks others might have left. Finding his own vigils interrupted by nautical duties, he hired a tavern companion named Eleazar Smith to continue the survey during his absence; and between them the two could have set in motion some extraordinary rumours. That they did not do so was only because they knew the effect of publicity would be to warn their quarry and make further progress impossible. Instead, they wished to learn something definite before taking any action. What they did learn must have been startling indeed, and Charles Ward spoke many times to his parents of his regret at Weeden’s later burning of his notebooks. All that can be told of their discoveries is what Eleazar Smith jotted down in a non too coherent diary, and what other diarists and letter-writers have timidly repeated from the statements which they finally made - and according to which the farm was only the outer shell of some vast and revolting menace, of a scope and depth too profound and intangible for more than shadowy comprehension. It is gathered that Weeden and Smith became early convinced that a great series of tunnels and catacombs, inhabited by a very sizeable staff of persons besides the old Indian and his wife, underlay the farm. The house was an old peaked relic of the middle seventeenth century with enormous stack chimney and diamond-paned lattice windows, the laboratory being in a lean-to toward the north, where the roof came nearly to the ground. This building stood clear of any other; yet judging by the different voices heard at odd times within, it must have been accessible through secret passages beneath. These voices, before 1766, were mere mumblings and negro whisperings and frenzied screams, coupled with curious chants or invocations. After that date, however, they assumed a very singular and terrible cast as they ran the gamut betwixt dronings of dull acquiescence and explosions of frantic pain or fury, rumblings of conversations and whines of entreaty, pantings of eagerness and shouts of protest. They appeared to be in different languages, all known to Curwen, whose rasping accents were frequently distinguishable in reply, reproof, or threatening. Sometimes it seemed that several persons must be in the house; Curwen, certain captives, and the guards of those captives. There were voices of a sort that neither Weeden nor Smith had ever heard before despite their wide knowledge of foreign parts, and many that they did seem to place as belonging to this or that nationality. The nature of the conversations seemed always a kind of catechism, as if Curwen were extorting some sort of information from terrified or rebellious prisoners.


Weeden had many verbatim reports of overheard scraps in his notebook, for English, French, and Spanish, which he knew, were frequently used; but of these nothing has survived. He did, however, say that besides a few ghoulish dialogues in which the past affairs of Providence families were concerned, most of the questions and answers he could understand were historical or scientific; occasionally pertaining to very remote places and ages. Once, for example, an alternately raging and sullen figure was questioned in French about the Black Prince’s massacre at Limoges in 1370, as if there were some hidden reason which he ought to know. Curwen asked the prisoner - if prisoner he were - whether the order to slay was given because of the Sign of the Goat found on the altar in the ancient Roman crypt beneath the Cathedral, or whether the Dark Man of the Haute Vienne had spoken the Three Words. Failing to obtain replies, the inquisitor had seemingly resorted to extreme means; for there was a terrific shriek followed by silence and muttering and a bumping sound. None of these colloquies was ever ocularly witnessed, since the windows were always heavily draped. Once, though, during a discourse in an unknown tongue, a shadow was seen on the curtain which startled Weeden exceedingly; reminding him of one of the puppets in a show he had seen in the autumn of 1764 in Hacher’s Hall, when a man from Germantown, Pennsylvania, had given a clever mechanical spectacle advertised as ‘A View of the Famous City of Jerusalem, in which are represented Jerusalem, the Temple of Solomon, his Royal Throne, the noted Towers, and Hills, likewise the Suffering of Our Saviour from the Garden of Gethsemane to the Cross on the Hill of Golgotha; an artful piece of Statuary, Worthy to be seen by the Curious.’ It was on this occasion that the listener, who had crept close to the window of the front room whence the speaking proceeded, gave a start which roused the old Indian pair and caused them to loose the dogs on him. After that no more conversations were ever heard in the house, and Weeden and Smith concluded that Curwen had transferred his field of action to regions below. That such regions in truth existed, seemed amply clear from many things. Faint cries and groans unmistakably came up now and then from what appeared to be the solid earth in places far from any structure; whilst hidden in the bushes along the river-bank in the rear, where the high ground sloped steeply down to the valley of the Pawtuxet, there was found an arched oaken door in a frame of heavy masonry, which was obviously an entrance to caverns within the hill. When or how these catacombs could have been constructed, Weeden was unable to say; but he frequently pointed out how easily the place might have been reached by bands of unseen workmen from the river. Joseph Curwen put his mongrel seamen to diverse uses indeed! During the heavy spring rains of 1769


the two watchers kept a sharp eye on the steep river-bank to see if any subterrene secrets might be washed to light, and were rewarded by the sight of a profusion of both human and animal bones in places where deep gullies had been worn in the banks. Naturally there might be many explanations of such things in the rear of a stock farm, and a locality where old Indian bury-grounds were common, but Weeden and Smith drew their own inferences. It was in January 1770, whilst Weeden and Smith were still debating vainly on what, if anything, to think or do about the whole bewildering business, that the incident of the Fortaleza occurred. Exasperated by the burning of the revenue sloop Liberty at Newport during the previous summer, the customs fleet under Admiral Wallace had adopted an increased vigilance concerning strange vessels; and on this occasion His Majesty’s armed schooner Cygnet, under Capt. Charles Leslie, captured after a short pursuit one early morning the scow Fortaleza of Barcelona, Spain, under Capt. Manuel Arruda, bound according to its log from Grand Cairo, Egypt, to Providence. When searched for contraband material, this ship revealed the astonishing fact that its cargo consisted exclusively of Egyptian mummies, consigned to “Sailor A. B. C.”, who would come to remove his goods in a lighter just off Namquit Point and whose identity Capt. Arruda felt himself in honour bound not to reveal. The Vice-Admiralty at Newport, at a loss what to do in view of the non-contraband nature of the cargo on the one hand and of the unlawful secrecy of the entry on the other hand, compromised on Collector Robinson’s recommendation by freeing the ship but forbidding it a port in Rhode Island waters. There were later rumours of its having been seen in Boston Harbour, though it never openly entered the Port of Boston. This extraordinary incident did not fail of wide remark in Providence, and there were not many who doubted the existence of some connexion between the cargo of mummies and the sinister Joseph Curwen. His exotic studies and his curious chemical importations being common knowledge, and his fondness for graveyards being common suspicion; it did not take much imagination to link him with a freakish importation which could not conceivably have been destined for anyone else in the town. As if conscious of this natural belief, Curwen took care to speak casually on several occasions of the chemical value of the balsams found in mummies; thinking perhaps that he might make the affair seem less unnatural, yet stopping just short of admitting his participation. Weeden and Smith, of course, felt no doubt whatsoever of the significance of the thing; and indulged in the wildest theories concerning Curwen and his monstrous labours. The following spring, like that of the year before, had heavy rains; and the watchers kept careful track of the river-bank behind the Curwen farm. Large sections were washed away, and a certain number of bones discovered; but no glimpse was afforded of any actual subterranean chambers or burrows.


Something was rumoured, however, at the village of Pawtuxet about a mile below, where the river flows in falls over a rocky terrace to join the placed landlocked cove. There, where quaint old cottages climbed the hill from the rustic bridge, and fishing-smacks lay anchored at their sleepy docks, a vague report went round of things that were floating down the river and flashing into sight for a minute as they went over the falls. Of course the Pawtuxet in a long river which winds through many settled regions abounding in graveyards, and of course the spring rains had been very heavy; but the fisherfolk about the bridge did not like the wild way that one of the things stared as it shot down to the still waters below, or the way that another half cried out although its condition had greatly departed from that of objects which normally cried out. That rumour sent Smith - for Weeden was just then at sea - in haste to the riverbank behind the farm; where surely enough there remained the evidence of an extensive cave-in. There was, however, no trace of a passage into the steep bank; for the miniature avalanche had left behind a solid wall of mixed earth and shrubbery from aloft. Smith went to the extent of some experimental digging, but was deterred by lack of success - or perhaps by fear of possible success. It is interesting to speculate on what the persistent and revengeful Weeden would have done had he been ashore at the time. 4 By the autumn of 1770 Weeden decided that the time was ripe to tell others of his discoveries; for he had a large number of facts to link together, and a second eyewitness to refute the possible charge that jealousy and vindictiveness had spurred his fancy. As his first confidant he selected Capt. James Mathewson of the Enterprise, who on the one hand knew him well enough not to doubt his veracity, and on the other hand was sufficiently influential in the town to be heard in turn with respect. The colloquy took place in an upper room of Sabin’s Tavern near the docks, with Smith present to corroborate virtually every statement; and it could be seen that Capt. Mathewson was tremendously impressed. Like nearly everyone else in the town, he had had black suspicions of his own anent Joseph Curwen; hence it needed only this confirmation and enlargement of data to convince him absolutely. At the end of the conference he was very grave, and enjoined strict silence upon the two younger men. He would, he said, transmit the information separately to some ten or so of the most learned and prominent citizens of Providence; ascertaining their views and following whatever advice they might have to offer. Secrecy would probably be essential in any case, for this was no matter that the town constables or militia could cope with; and above all else the excitable crowd must be kept in ignorance, lest there be enacted in these already troublous times a repetition of that frightful Salem panic of less than a century before which had first brought Curwen hither.


The right persons to tell, he believed, would be Dr. Benjamin West, whose pamphlet on the late transit of Venus proved him a scholar and keen thinker; Rev. James Manning, President of the College which had just moved up from Warren and was temporarily housed in the new King Street schoolhouse awaiting the completion of its building on the hill above Presbyterian-Lane; exGovernor Stephen Hopkins, who had been a member of the Philosophical Society at Newport, and was a man of very broad perceptions; John Carter, publisher of the Gazette; all four of the Brown brothers, John, Joseph, Nicholas, and Moses, who formed the recognised local magnates, and of whom Joseph was an amateur scientist of parts; old Dr. Jabez Bowen, whose erudition was considerable, and who had much first-hand knowledge of Curwen’s odd purchases; and Capt. Abraham Whipple, a privateersman of phenomenal boldness and energy who could be counted on to lead in any active measures needed. These men, if favourable, might eventually be brought together for collective deliberation; and with them would rest the responsibility of deciding whether or not to inform the Governor of the Colony, Joseph Wanton of Newport, before taking action. The mission of Capt. Mathewson prospered beyond his highest expectations; for whilst he found one or two of the chosen confidants somewhat sceptical of the possible ghastly side of Weeden’s tale, there was not one who did not think it necessary to take some sort of secret and coördinated action. Curwen, it was clear, formed a vague potential menace to the welfare of the town and Colony; and must be eliminated at any cost. Late in December 1770 a group of eminent townsmen met at the home of Stephen Hopkins and debated tentative measures. Weeden’s notes, which he had given to Capt. Mathewson, were carefully read; and he and Smith were summoned to give testimony anent details. Something very like fear seized the whole assemblage before the meeting was over, though there ran through that fear a grim determination which Capt. Whipple’s bluff and resonant profanity best expressed. They would not notify the Governor, because a more than legal course seemed necessary. With hidden powers of uncertain extent apparently at his disposal, Curwen was not a man who could safely be warned to leave town. Nameless reprisals might ensue, and even if the sinister creature complied, the removal would be no more than the shifting of an unclean burden to another place. The times were lawless, and men who had flouted the King’s revenue forces for years were not the ones to balk at sterner things when duty impelled. Curwen must be surprised at his Pawtuxet farm by a large raiding-party of seasoned privateersmen and given one decisive chance to explain himself. If he proved a madman, amusing himself with shrieks and imaginary conversations in different voices, he would be properly confined. If something graver appeared, and if the underground horrors indeed turned out to be real, he and all with him must die. It could be done quietly, and even the widow and her father need not be told how it came about.


While these serious steps were under discussion there occurred in the town an incident so terrible and inexplicable that for a time little else was mentioned for miles around. In the middle of a moon-light January night with heavy snow underfoot there resounded over the river and up the hill a shocking series of cries which brought sleepy heads to every window; and people around Weybosset Point saw a great white thing plunging frantically along the badly cleared space in front of the Turk’s Head. There was a baying of dogs in the distance, but this subsided as soon as the clamour of the awakened town became audible. Parties of men with lanterns and muskets hurried out to see what was happening, but nothing rewarded their search. The next morning, however, a giant, muscular body, stark naked, was found on the jams of ice around the southern piers of the Great Bridge, where the Long Dock stretched out beside Abbott’s distil-house, and the identity of this object became a theme for endless speculation and whispering. It was not so much the younger as the older folk who whispered, for only in the patriarchs did that rigid face with horror-bulging eyes strike any chord of memory. They, shaking as they did so, exchanged furtive murmurs of wonder and fear; for in those stiff, hideous features lay a resemblance so marvellous as to be almost an identity - and that identity was with a man who had died full fifty years before. Ezra Weeden was present at the finding; and remembering the baying of the night before, set out along Weybosset Street and across Muddy Dock Bridge whence the sound had come. He had a curious expectancy, and was not surprised when, reaching the edge of the settled district where the street merged into the Pawtuxet Road, he came upon some very curious tracks in the snow. The naked giant had been pursued by dogs and many booted men, and the returning tracks of the hounds and their masters could be easily traced. They had given up the chase upon coming too near the town. Weeden smiled grimly, and as a perfunctory detail traced the footprints back to their source. It was the Pawtuxet farm of Joseph Curwen, as he well knew it would be; and he would have given much had the yard been less confusingly trampled. As it was, he dared not seem too interested in full daylight. Dr. Bowen, to whom Weeden went at once with his report, performed an autopsy on the strange corpse, and discovered peculiarities which baffled him utterly. The digestive tracts of the huge man seemed never to have been in use, whilst the whole skin had a coarse, loosely knit texture impossible to account for. Impressed by what the old men whispered of this body’s likeness to the long-dead blacksmith Daniel Green, whose greatgrandson Aaron Hoppin was a supercargo in Curwen’s employ, Weeden asked casual questions till he found where Green was buried. That night a party of ten visited the old North Burying Ground opposite Herrenden’s Lane and opened a grave. They found it vacant, precisely as they had expected.


Meanwhile arrangements had been made with the post riders to intercept Joseph Curwen’s mail, and shortly before the incident of the naked body there was found a letter from one Jedediah Orne of Salem which made the coöperating citizens think deeply. Parts of it, copied and preserved in the private archives of the Smith family where Charles Ward found it, ran as follows. I delight that you continue in ye Gett’g at Olde Matters in your Way, and doe not think better was done at Mr. Hutchinson’s in Salem-Village. Certainely, there was Noth’g but ye liveliest Awfulness in that which H. rais’d upp from What he cou’d gather onlie a part of. What you sente, did not Worke, whether because of Any Thing miss’g, or because ye Wordes were not Righte from my Speak’g or yr Copy’g. I alone am at a Loss. I have not ye Chymicall art to followe Borellus, and owne my Self confounded by ye VII. Booke of ye Necronomicon that you recommende. But I wou’d have you Observe what was told to us aboute tak’g Care whom to calle upp, for you are Sensible what Mr. Mather writ in ye Magnalia of ——, and can judge how truely that Horrendous thing is reported. I say to you againe, doe not call up Any that you can not put downe; by the Which I meane, Any that can in Turne call up Somewhat against you, whereby your Powerfullest Devices may not be of use. Ask of the Lesser, lest the Greater shal not wish to Answer, and shal commande more than you. I was frighted when I read of your know’g what Ben Zariatnatmik hadde in his ebony Boxe, for I was conscious who must have tolde you. And againe I ask that you shalle write me as Jedediah and not Simon. In this Community a Man may not live too long, and you knowe my Plan by which I came back as my Son. I am desirous you will Acquaint me with what ye Black Man learnt from Sylvanus Cocidius in ye Vault, under ye Roman Wall, and will be oblig’d for ye lend’g of ye MS. you speak of. Another and unsigned letter from Philadelphia provoked equal thought, especially for the following passage: I will observe what you say respecting the sending of Accounts only by yr Vessels, but can not always be certain when to expect them. In the Matter spoke of, I require onlie one more thing; but wish to be sure I apprehend you exactly. You inform me, that no Part must be missing if the finest Effects are to be had, but you can not but know how hard it is to be sure. It seems a great Hazard and Burthen to take away the whole Box, and in Town (i.e. St. Peter’s, St. Paul’s, St. Mary’s or Christ Church) it can scarce be done at all. But I know what Imperfections were in the one I rais’d up October last, and how many live Specimens you were forc’d to imploy before you hit upon the right Mode in the year 1766; so will be guided by you in all Matters. I am impatient for yr Brig, and inquire daily at Mr. Biddle’s Wharf.


A third suspicious letter was in an unknown tongue and even an unknown alphabet. In the Smith diary found by Charles Ward a single oft-repeated combination of characters is clumsily copied; and authorities at Brown University have pronounced the alphabet Amharic or Abyssinian, although they do not recognise the word. None of these epistles was ever delivered to Curwen, though the disappearance of Jedediah Orne from Salem as recorded shortly afterward shewed that the Providence men took certain quiet steps. The Pennsylvania Historical Society also has some curious letters received by Dr. Shippen regarding the presence of an unwholesome character in Philadelphia. But more decisive steps were in the air, and it is in the secret assemblages of sworn and tested sailors and faithful old privateersmen in the Brown warehouses by night that we must look for the main fruits of Weeden’s disclosures. Slowly and surely a plan of campaign was under development which would leave no trace of Joseph Curwen’s noxious mysteries. Curwen, despite all precautions, apparently felt that something was in the wind; for he was now remarked to wear an unusually worried look. His coach was seen at all hours in the town and on the Pawtuxet Road, and he dropped little by little the air of forced geniality with which he had latterly sought to combat the town’s prejudice. The nearest neighbours to his farm, the Fenners, one night remarked a great shaft of light shooting into the sky from some aperture in the roof of that cryptical stone building with the high, excessively narrow windows; an event which they quickly communicated to John Brown in Providence. Mr. Brown had become the executive leader of the select group bent on Curwen’s extirpation, and had informed the Fenners that some action was about to be taken. This he deemed needful because of the impossibility of their not witnessing the final raid; and he explained his course by saying that Curwen was known to be a spy of the customs officers at Newport, against whom the hand of every Providence skipper, merchant, and farmer was openly or clandestinely raised. Whether the ruse was wholly believed by neighbours who had seen so many queer things is not certain; but at any rate the Fenners were willing to connect any evil with a man of such queer ways. To them Mr. Brown had entrusted the duty of watching the Curwen farmhouse, and of regularly reporting every incident which took place there. 5 The probability that Curwen was on guard and attempting unusual things, as suggested by the odd shaft of light, precipitated at last the action so carefully devised by the band of serious citizens. According to the Smith diary a company of about 100 men met at 10 p.m. on Friday, April 12th, 1771, in the great room of Thurston’s Tavern at the Sign of the Golden Lion on Weybosset Point across the Bridge. Of the guiding group of prominent men in addition to the leader John


Brown there were present Dr. Bowen, with his case of surgical instruments, President Manning without the great periwig (the largest in the Colonies) for which he was noted, Governor Hopkins, wrapped in his dark cloak and accompanied by his seafaring brother Esek, whom he had initiated at the last moment with the permission of the rest, John Carter, Capt. Mathewson, and Capt. Whipple, who was to lead the actual raiding party. These chiefs conferred apart in a rear chamber, after which Capt. Whipple emerged to the great room and gave the gathered seamen their last oaths and instructions. Eleazar Smith was with the leaders as they sat in the rear apartment awaiting the arrival of Ezra Weeden, whose duty was to keep track of Curwen and report the departure of his coach for the farm. About 10:30 a heavy rumble was heard on the Great Bridge, followed by the sound of a coach in the street outside; and at that hour there was no need of waiting for Weeden in order to know that the doomed man had set out for his last night of unhallowed wizardry. A moment later, as the receding coach clattered faintly over the Muddy Dock Bridge, Weeden appeared; and the raiders fell silently into military order in the street, shouldering the firelocks, fowlingpieces, or whaling harpoons which they had with them. Weeden and Smith were with the party, and of the deliberating citizens there were present for active service Capt. Whipple, the leader, Capt. Esek Hopkins, John Carter, President Manning, Capt. Mathewson, and Dr. Bowen; together with Moses Brown, who had come up at the eleventh hour though absent from the preliminary session in the tavern. All these freemen and their hundred sailors began the long march without delay, grim and a trifle apprehensive as they left the Muddy Dock behind and mounted the gentle rise of Broad Street toward the Pawtuxet Road. Just beyond Elder Snow’s church some of the men turned back to take a parting look at Providence lying outspread under the early spring stars. Steeples and gables rose dark and shapely, and salt breezes swept up gently from the cove north of the Bridge. Vega was climbing above the great hill across the water, whose crest of trees was broken by the roof-line of the unfinished College edifice. At the foot of that hill, and along the narrow mounting lanes of its side, the old town dreamed; Old Providence, for whose safety and sanity so monstrous and colossal a blasphemy was about to be wiped out. An hour and a quarter later the raiders arrived, as previously agreed, at the Fenner farmhouse; where they heard a final report on their intended victim. He had reached his farm over half an hour before, and the strange light had soon afterward shot once more into the sky, but there were no lights in any visible windows. This was always the case of late. Even as this news was given another great glare arose toward the south, and the party realised that they had indeed come close to the scene of awesome and unnatural wonders. Capt. Whipple now ordered his force to separate into three divisions; one of twenty men under


Eleazar Smith to strike across to the shore and guard the landing-place against possible reinforcements for Curwen until summoned by a messenger for desperate service, a second of twenty men under Capt. Esek Hopkins to steal down into the river valley behind the Curwen farm and demolish with axes or gunpowder the oaken door in the high, steep bank, and the third to close in on the house and adjacent buildings themselves. Of this division one third was to be led by Capt. Mathewson to the cryptical stone edifice with high narrow windows, another third to follow Capt. Whipple himself to the main farmhouse, and the remaining third to preserve a circle around the whole group of buildings until summoned by a final emergency signal. The river party would break down the hillside door at the sound of a single whistle-blast, then wait and capture anything which might issue from the regions within. At the sound of two whistle-blasts it would advance through the aperture to oppose the enemy or join the rest of the raiding contingent. The party at the stone building would accept these respective signals in an analogous manner; forcing an entrance at the first, and at the second descending whatever passage into the ground might be discovered, and joining the general or focal warfare expected to take place within the caverns. A third or emergency signal of three blasts would summon the immediate reserve from its general guard duty; its twenty men dividing equally and entering the unknown depths through both farmhouse and stone building. Capt. Whipple’s belief in the existence of catacombs was absolute, and he took no alternative into consideration when making his plans. He had with him a whistle of great power and shrillness, and did not fear any upsetting or misunderstanding of signals. The final reserve at the landing, of course, was nearly out of the whistle’s range; hence would require a special messenger if needed for help. Moses Brown and John Carter went with Capt. Hopkins to the river-bank, while President Manning was detailed with Capt. Mathewson to the stone building. Dr. Bowen, with Ezra Weeden, remained in Capt. Whipple’s party which was to storm the farmhouse itself. The attack was to begin as soon as a messenger from Capt. Hopkins had joined Capt. Whipple to notify him of the river party’s readiness. The leader would then deliver the loud single blast, and the various advance parties would commence their simultaneous attack on three points. Shortly before 1 a.m. the three divisions left the Fenner farmhouse; one to guard the landing, another to seek the river valley and the hillside door, and the third to subdivide and attend to teh actual buildings of the Curwen farm. Eleazar Smith, who accompanied the shore-guarding party, records in his diary an uneventful march and a long wait on the bluff by the bay; broken once by what seemed to be the distant sound of the signal whistle and again by a peculiar muffled blend of roaring and crying and a powder blast which seemed to come from the same direction. Later on one man thought he caught some distant


gunshots, and still later Smith himself felt the throb of titanic and thunderous words resounding in upper air. It was just before dawn that a single haggard messenger with wild eyes and a hideous unknown odour about his clothing appeared and told the detachment to disperse quietly to their homes and never again think or speak of the night’s doings or of him who had been Joseph Curwen. Something about the bearing of the messenger carried a conviction which his mere words could never have conveyed; for though he was a seaman well known to many of them, there was something obscurely lost or gained in his soul which set him for evermore apart. It was the same later on when they met other old companions who had gone into that zone of horror. Most of them had lost or gained something imponderable and indescribable. They had seen or heard or felt something which was not for human creatures, and could not forget it. From them there was never any gossip, for to even the commonest of mortal instincts there are terrible boundaries. And from that single messenger the party at the shore caught a nameless awe which almost sealed their own lips. Very few are the rumours which ever came from any of them, and Eleazar Smith’s diary is the only written record which has survived from that whole expedition which set forth from the Sign of the Golden Lion under the stars. Charles Ward, however, discovered another vague sidelight in some Fenner correspondence which he found in New London, where he knew another branch of the family had lived. It seems that the Fenners, from whose house the doomed farm was distantly visible, had watched the departing columns of raiders; and had heard very clearly the angry barking of the Curwen dogs, followed by the first shrill blast which precipitated the attack. This blast had been followed by a repetition of the great shaft of light from the stone building, and in another moment, after a quick sounding of the second signal ordering a general invasion, there had come a subdued prattle of musketry followed by a horrible roaring cry which the correspondent Luke Fenner had represented in his epistle by the characters ‘Waaaahrrrrr-R’waaahrrr.’ This cry, however, had possessed a quality which no mere writing could convey, and the correspondent mentions that his mother fainted completely at the sound. It was later repeated less loudly, and further but more muffled evidences of gunfire ensued; together with a loud explosion of powder from the direction of the river. About an hour afterward all the dogs began to bark frightfully, and there were vague ground rumblings so marked that the candlesticks tottered on the mantelpiece. A strong smell of sulphur was noted; and Luke Fenner’s father declared that he heard the third or emergency whistle signal, though the others failed to detect it. Muffled musketry sounded again, followed by a deep scream less piercing but even more horrible than the those which had preceded it; a kind of throaty, nastily plastic cough or gurgle whose quality as a scream must have


come more from its continuity and psychological import than from its actual acoustic value. Then the flaming thing burst into sight at a point where the Curwen farm ought to lie, and the human cries of desperate and frightened men were heard. Muskets flashed and cracked, and the flaming thing fell to the ground. A second flaming thing appeared, and a shriek of human origin was plainly distinguished. Fenner wrote that he could even gather a few words belched in frenzy: Almighty, protect thy lamb! Then there were more shots, and the second flaming thing fell. After that came silence for about three-quarters of an hour; at the end of which time little Arthur Fenner, Luke’s brother, exclaimed that he saw “a red fog” going up to the stars from the accursed farm in the distance. No one but the child can testify to this, but Luke admits the significant coincidence implied by the panic of almost convulsive fright which at the same moment arched the backs and stiffened the fur of the three cats then within the room. Five minutes later a chill wind blew up, and the air became suffused with an intolerable stench that only the strong freshness of the sea could have prevented its being notice by the shore party or by any wakeful souls in the Pawtuxet village. This stench was nothing which any of the Fenners had ever encountered before, and produced a kind of clutching, amorphous fear beyond that of the tomb or the charnel-house. Close upon it came the awful voice which no hapless hearer will ever be able to forget. It thundered out of the sky like a doom, and windows rattled as its echoes died away. It was deep and musical; powerful as a bass organ, but evil as the forbidden books of the Arabs. What it said no man can tell, for it spoke in an unknown tongue, but this is the writing Luke Fenner set down to portray the daemoniac intonations: ‘DEESMEES JESHET BONE DOSEFE DUVEMA ENITEMOSS.’ Not till the year 1919 did any soul link this crude transcript with anything else in mortal knowledge, but Charles Ward paled as he recognised what Mirandola had denounced in shudders as the ultimate horror among black magic’s incantations. An unmistakable human shout or deep chorused scream seemed to answer this malign wonder from the Curwen farm, after which the unknown stench grew complex with an added odour equally intolerable. A wailing distinctly different from the scream now burst out, and was protracted ululantly in rising and falling paroxysms. At times it became almost articulate, though no auditor could trace any definite words; and at one point it seemed to verge toward the confines of diabolic and hysterical laughter. Then a yell of utter, ultimate fright and stark madness wrenched from scores of human throats - a yell which came strong and clear despite the depth from which it must have burst; after which darkness and silence ruled all things. Spirals of acrid smoke ascended to blot out the stars,


though no flames appeared and no buildings were observed to be gone or injured on the following day. Toward dawn two frightened messengers with monstrous and unplaceable odours saturating their clothing knocked at the Fenner door and requested a keg of rum, for which they paid very well indeed. One of them told the family that the affair of Joseph Curwen was over, and that the events of the night were not to be mentioned again. Arrogant as the order seemed, the aspect of him who gave it took away all resentment and lent it a fearsome authority; so that only these furtive letters of Luke Fenner, which he urged his Connecticut relative to destroy, remain to tell what was seen and heard. The non-compliance of that relative, whereby the letters were saved after all, has alone kept the matter from a merciful oblivion. Charles Ward had one detail to add as a result of a long canvass of Pawtuxet residents for ancestral traditions. Old Charles Slocum of that village said that there was known to his grandfather a queer rumour concerning a charred, distorted body found in the fields a week after the death of Joseph Curwen was announced. What kept the talk alive was the notion that this body, so far as could be seen in its burnt and twisted condition, was neither thoroughly human nor wholly allied to any animal which Pawtuxet folk had ever seen or read about. 6 Not one man who participated in that terrible raid could ever be induced to say a word concerning it, and every fragment of the vague data which survives comes from those outside the final fighting party. There is something frightful in the care with which these actual raiders destroyed each scrap which bore the least allusion to the matter. Eight sailors had been killed, but although their bodies were not produced their families were satisfied with the statement that a clash with customs officers had occurred. The same statement also covered the numerous cases of wounds, all of which were extensively bandaged and treated only by Dr. Jabez Bowen, who had accompanied the party. Hardest to explain was the nameless odour clinging to all the raiders, a thing which was discussed for weeks. Of the citizen leaders, Capt. Whipple and Moses Brown were most severely hurt, and letters of their wives testify the bewilderment which their reticence and close guarding of their bandages produced. Psychologically every participant was aged, sobered, and shaken. It is fortunate that they were all strong men of action and simple, orthodox religionists, for with more subtle introspectiveness and mental complexity they would have fared ill indeed. President Manning was the most disturbed; but even he outgrew the darkest shadow, and smothered memories in prayers. Every man of those leaders had a stirring part to play in later years, and it is perhaps fortunate that this is so. Little more than a twelvemonth afterward Capt. Whipple led the mob who burnt the


revenue ship Gaspee, and in this bold act we may trace one step in the blotting out of unwholesome images. There was delivered to the widow of Joseph Curwen a sealed leaden coffin of curious design, obviously found ready on the spot when needed, in which she was told her husband’s body lay. He had, it was explained, been killed in a customs battle about which it was not politic to give details. More than this no tongue ever uttered of Joseph Curwen’s end, and Charles Ward had only a single hint wherewith to construct a theory. This hint was the merest thread - a shaky underscoring of a passage in Jedediah Orne’s confiscated letter to Curwen, as partly copied in Ezra Weeden’s handwriting. The copy was found in the possession of Smith’s descendants; and we are left to decide whether Weeden gave it to his companion after the end, as a mute clue to the abnormality which had occurred, or whether, as is more probable, Smith had it before, and added the underscoring himself from what he had managed to extract from his friend by shrewd guessing and adroit cross-questioning. The underlined passage is merely this: I say to you againe, doe not call up Any that you can not put downe; by the Which I meane, Any that can in Turne call up Somewhat against you, whereby your Powerfullest Devices may not be of use. Ask of the Lesser, lest the Greater shal not wish to Answer, and shal commande more than you. In the light of this passage, and reflecting on what last unmentionable allies a beaten man might try to summon in his direst extremity, Charles Ward may well have wondered whether any citizen of Providence killed Joseph Curwen. The deliberate effacement of every memory of the dead man from Providence life and annals was vastly aided by the influence of the raiding leaders. They had not at first meant to be so thorough, and had allowed the widow and her father and child to remain in ignorance of the true conditions; but Capt. Tillinghast was an astute man, and soon uncovered enough rumours to whet his horror and cause him to demand that the daughter and granddaughter change their name, burn the library and all remaining papers, and chisel the inscription from the slate slab above Joseph Curwen’s grave. He knew Capt. Whipple well, and probably extracted more hints from that bluff mariner and anyone else ever gained repecting the end of the accursed sorcerer. From that time on the obliteration of Curwen’s memory became increasingly rigid, extending at last by common consent even to the town records and files of the Gazette. It can be compared in spirit only to the hush that lay on Oscar Wilde’s name for a decade after his disgrace, and in extent only to the fate of that


sinful King of Runazar in Lord Dunsany’s tale, whom the Gods decided must not only cease to be, but must cease ever to have been. Mrs. Tillinghast, as the widow became known after 1772, sold the house in Olney Court and resided with her father in Power’s Lane till her death in 1817. The farm at Pawtuxet, shunned by every living soul, remained to moulder through the years; and seemed to decay with unaccountable rapidity. By 1780 only the stone and brickwork were standing, and by 1800 even these had fallen to shapeless heaps. None ventured to pierce the tangled shrubbery on the riverbank behind which the hillside door may have lain, nor did any try to frame a definite image of the scenes amidst which Joseph Curwen departed from the horrors he had wrought. Only robust old Capt. Whipple was heard by alert listeners to mutter once in a while to himself, “Pox on that ——, but he had no business to laugh while he screamed. ‘Twas as though the damn’d —— had some’at up his sleeve. For half a crown I’d burn his —— home.’ III. A Search and an Evocation 1 Charles Ward, as we have seen, first learned in 1918 of his descent from Joseph Curwen. That he at once took an intense interest in everything pertaining to the bygone mystery is not to be wondered at; for every vague rumour that he had heard of Curwen now became something vital to himself, in whom flowed Curwen’s blood. No spirited and imaginative genealogist could have done otherwise than begin forthwith an avid and systematic collection of Curwen data. In his first delvings there was not the slightest attempt at secrecy; so that even Dr. Lyman hesitates to date the youth’s madness from any period before the close of 1919. He talked freely with his family - though his mother was not particularly pleased to own an ancestor like Curwen - and with the officials of the various museums and libraries he visited. In applying to private families for records thought to be in their possession he made no concealment of his object, and shared the somewhat amused scepticism with which the accounts of the old diarists and letter-writers were regarded. He often expressed a keen wonder as to what really had taken place a century and a half before at the Pawtuxet farmhouse whose site he vainly tried to find, and what Joseph Curwen really had been.


When he came across the Smith diary and archives and encountered the letter from Jedediah Orne he decided to visit Salem and look up Curwen’s early activities and connexions there, which he did during the Easter vacation of 1919. At the Essex Institute, which was well known to him from former sojourns in the glamorous old town of crumbling Puritan gables and clustered gambrel roofs, he was very kindly received, and unearthed there a considerable amount of Curwen data. He found that his ancestor was born in Salem-Village, now Danvers, seven miles from town, on the eighteenth of February (O.S.) 1662-3; and that he had run away to sea at the age of fifteen, not appearing again for nine years, when he returned with the speech, dress, and manners of a native Englishman and settled in Salem proper. At that time he had little to do with his family, but spent most of his hours with the curious books he had brought from Europe, and the strange chemicals which came for him on ships from England, France, and Holland. Certain trips of his into the country were the objects of much local inquisitiveness, and were whisperingly associated with vague rumours of fires on the hills at night. Curwen’s only close friends had been one Edward Hutchinson of Salem-Village and one Simon Orne of Salem. With these men he was often seen in conference about the Common, and visits among them were by no means infrequent. Hutchinson had a house well out toward the woods, and it was not altogether liked by sensitive people because of the sounds heard there at night. He was said to entertain strange visitors, and the lights seen from his windows were not always of the same colour. The knowledge he displayed concerning long-dead persons and long-forgotten events was considered distinctly unwholesome, and he disappeared about the time the witchcraft panic began, never to be heard from again. At that time Joseph Curwen also departed, but his settlement in Providence was soon learned of. Simon Orne lived in Salem until 1720, when his failure to grow visibly old began to excite attention. He thereafter disappeared, though thirty years later his precise counterpart and self-styled son turned up to claim his property. The claim was allowed on the strength of documents in Simon Orne’s known hand, and Jedediah Orne continued to dwell in Salem till 1771, when certain letters from Providence citizens to the Rev. Thomas Barnard and others brought about his quiet removal to parts unknown. Certain documents by and about all of the strange characters were available at teh Essex Institute, the Court House, and the Registry of Deeds, and included both harmless commonplaces such as land titles and bills of sale, and furtive fragments of a more provocative nature. There were four or five unmistakable allusions to them on the witchcraft trial records; as when one Hepzibah Lawson swore on July 10, 1692, at the Court of Oyer and Terminer under Judge Hathorne, that: ‘fortie Witches and the Blacke Man were wont to meete in the Woodes behind Mr. Hutchinson’s house’, and one Amity How declared at a


session of August 8th before Judge Gedney that:’Mr. G. B. (Rev. George Burroughs) on that Nighte putt ye Divell his Marke upon Bridget S., Jonathan A., Simon O., Deliverance W., Joseph C., Susan P., Mehitable C., and Deborah B.’ Then there was a catalogue of Hutchinson’s uncanny library as found after his disappearance, and an unfinished manuscript in his handwriting, couched in a cipher none could read. Ward had a photostatic copy of this manuscript made, and began to work casually on the cipher as soon as it was delivered to him. After the following August his labours on the cipher became intense and feverish, and there is reason to believe from his speech and conduct that he hit upon the key before October or November. He never stated, though, whether or not he had succeeded. But of greatest immediate interest was the Orne material. It took Ward only a short time to prove from identity of penmanship a thing he had already considered established from the text of the letter to Curwen; namely, that Simon Orne and his supposed son were one and the same person. As Orne had said to his correspondent, it was hardly safe to live too long in Salem, hence he resorted to a thirty-year sojourn abroad, and did not return to claim his lands except as a representative of a new generation. Orne had apparently been careful to destroy most of his correspondence, but the citizens who took action in 1771 found and preserved a few letters and papers which excited their wonder. There were cryptic formulae and diagrams in his and other hands which Ward now either copied with care or had photographed, and one extremely mysterious letter in a chirography that the searcher recognised from items in the Registry of Deeds as positively Joseph Curwen’s. This Curwen letter, though undated as to the year, was evidently not the one in answer to which Orne had written the confiscated missive; and from internal evidence Ward placed it not much later than 1750. It may not be amiss to give the text in full, as a sample of the style of one whose history was so dark and terrible. The recipient is addressed as “Simon”, but a line (whether drawn by Curwen or Orne Ward could not tell) is run through the word. Providence, 1. May Brother:My honour’d Antient Friende, due Respects and earnest Wishes to Him whom we serue for yr eternall Power. I am just come upon That which you ought to knowe, concern’g the Matter of the Laste Extremitie and what to doe regard’g yt. I am not dispos’d to followe you in go’g Away on acct. of my Yeares, for Prouidence hath not ye Sharpeness of ye Bay in hunt’g oute uncommon Things


and bringinge to Tryall. I am ty’d up in Shippes and Goodes, and cou’d not doe as you did, besides the Whiche my Farme at Patuxet hath under it What you Knowe, and wou’d not waite for my com’g Backe as an Other. But I am unreadie for harde Fortunes, as I haue tolde you, and haue longe work’d upon ye Way of get’g Backe after ye Laste. I laste Night strucke on ye Wordes that bringe up YOGGE-SOTHOTHE, and sawe for ye first Time that Face spoke of by Ibn Schacabao in ye ——. And IT said, that ye III Psalme in ye Liber-Damnatus holdes ye Clauicle. With Sunne in V House, Saturne in Trine, drawe ye Pentagram of Fire, and saye ye ninth Uerse thrice. This Uerse repeate eache Roodemas and Hallow’s Eue; and ye Thing will breede in ye Outside Spheres. And of ye Seede of Olde shal One be borne who shal looke Backe, tho’ know’g not what he seekes. Yett will this auaile Nothing if there be no Heir, and if the Saltes, or the Way to make the Saltes, bee not Readie for his Hande; and here I will owne, I haue not taken needed Stepps nor founde Much. Ye Process is plaguy harde to come neare; and it used up such a Store of Specimens, I am harde putte to it to get Enough, notwithstand’g the Sailors I haue from ye Indies. Ye People aboute are become curious, but I can stande them off. Ye Gentry are worse that the Populace, be’g more Circumstantiall in their Accts. and more belieu’d in what they tell. That Parson and Mr. Merritt haue talk’d Some, I am fearfull, but no Thing soe far is Dangerous. Ye Chymical Substances are easie of get’g, there be’g II. goode Chymists in Towne, Dr, Bowen and Sam: Carew. I am foll’g oute what Borellus saith, and haue Helpe in Abdool Al-Hazred his VII. Booke. Whateuer I gette, you shal haue. And in ye meane while, do not neglect to make use of ye Wordes I haue here giuen. I haue them Righte, but if you Desire to see HIM, imploy the Writings on ye Piece of —— that I am putt’g in this Packet. Saye ye Uerses euery Roodmas and Hallow’s Eue; and if ye Line runn out not, one shal bee in yeares to come that shal looke backe and use what Saltes or Stuff for Saltes you shal leaue him. Job XIV. XIV. I rejoice you are again at Salem, and hope I may see you not longe hence. I haue a goode Stallion, and am think’g of get’g a Coach, there be’g one (Mr. Merritt’s) in Prouidence already, tho’ ye Roades are bad. If you are dispos’d to Trauel, doe not pass me bye. From Boston take ye Post Rd. thro’ Dedham, Wrentham, and Attleborough, goode Tauerns be’g at all these Townes. Stop at Mr. Balcom’s in Wrentham, where ye Beddes are finer than Mr. Hatch’s, but eate at ye other House for their Cooke is better. Turne into Prou. by Patucket Falls, and ye Rd. past Mr. Sayles’s Tauern. My House opp. Mr. Epenetus Olney’s Tauern off ye


Towne Street, Ist on ye N. side of Olney’s Court. Distance from Boston Stone abt. XLIV Miles. Sir, I am ye olde and true Friend and Serut. in Almonsin-Metraton. Josephus C. To Mr. William’s-Lane, in Salem. Simon Orne,

This letter, oddly enough, was what first gave Ward the exact location of Curwen’s Providence home; for none of the records encountered up to that time had been at all specific. The discovery was doubly striking because it indicated as the newer Curwen house, built in 1761 on the site of the old, a dilapidated building still standing in Olney Court and well known to Ward in his antiquarian rambles over Stampers’ Hill. The place was indeed only a few squares from his own home on the great hill’s higher ground, and was now the abode of a negro family much esteemed for occasional washing, housecleaning, and furnace-tending services. To find, in distant Salem, such sudden proof of the significance of this familiar rookery in his own family history, was a highly impressive thing to Ward; and he resolved to explore the place immediately upon his return. The more mystical phases of the letter, which he took to be some extravagant kind of symbolism, frankly baffled him; though he noted with a thrill of curiousity that the Biblical passage referred to - Job 14,14 - was the familiar verse, ‘If a man die, shall he live again? All the days of my appointed time will I wait, until my change come.’ 2 Young Ward came home in a state of pleasant excitement, and spent the following Saturday in a long and exhaustive study of the house in Olney Court. The place, now crumbling with age, had never been a mansion; but was a modest two-and-a-half story wooden town house of the familiar Providence colonial type, with plain peaked roof, large central chimney, and artistically carved doorway with rayed fanlight, triangular pediment, and trim Doric pilasters. It had suffered but little alteration externally, and Ward felt he was gazing on something very close to the sinister matters of his quest. The present negro inhabitants were known to him, and he was very courteously shewn about the interior by old Asa and his stout wife Hannah. Here there was more change than the outside indicated, and Ward saw with regret that fully half of the fine scroll-and-urn overmantels and shell-carved cupboard linings were gone, whilst most of the fine wainscotting and bolection moulding was marked,


hacked, and gouged, or covered up altogether with cheap wall-paper. In general, the survey did not yield as much as Ward had somehow expected; but it was at least exciting to stand within the ancestral walls which had housed such a man of horror as Joseph Curwen. He saw with a thrill that a monogram had been very carefully effaced from the ancient brass knocker. From then until after the close of school Ward spent his time on the photostatic copy of the Hutchinson cipher and the accumulation of local Curwen data. The former still proved unyielding; but of the latter he obtained so much, and so many clues to similar data elsewhere, that he was ready by July to make a trip to New London and New York to consult old letters whose presence in those places was indicated. This trip was very fruitful, for it brought him the Fenner letters with their terrible description of the Pawtuxet farmhouse raid, and the Nightingale-Talbot letters in which he learned of the portrait painted on a panel of the Curwen library. This matter of the portrait interested him particularly, since he would have given much to know just what Joseph Curwen looked like; and he decided to make a second search of the house in Olney Court to see if there might not be some trace of the ancient features beneath peeling coats of later paint or layers of mouldy wall-paper. Early in August that search took place, and Ward went carefully over the walls of every room sizeable enough to have been by any possibility the library of the evil builder. He paid especial attention to the large panels of such overmantels as still remained; and was keenly excited after about an hour, when on a broad area above the fireplace in a spacious ground-floor room he became certain that the surface brought out by the peeling of several coats of paint was sensibly darker than any ordinary interior paint or the wood beneath it was likely to have been. A few more careful tests with a thin knife, and he knew that he had come upon an oil portrait of great extent. With truly scholarly restraint the youth did not risk the damage which an immediate attempt to uncover the hidden picture with the knife might have been, but just retired from the scene of his discovery to enlist expert help. In three days he returned with an artist of long experience, Mr. Walter C. Dwight, whose studio is near the foot of College Hill; and that accomplished restorer of paintings set to work at once with proper methods and chemical substances. Old Asa and his wife were duly excited over their strange visitors, and were properly reimbursed for this invasion of their domestic hearth. As day by the day the work of restoration progressed, Charles Ward looked on with growing interest at the lines and shades gradually unveiled after their long oblivion. Dwight had begun at the bottom; hence since the picture was a threequarter-length one, the face did not come out for some time. It was meanwhile seen that the subject was a spare, well-shaped man with dark-blue coat, embroidered waistcoat, black satin small-clothes, and white silk stockings, seated


in a carved chair against the background of a window with wharves and ships beyond. When the head came out it was observed to bear a neat Albemarle wig, and to possess a thin, calm, undistinguished face which seemed somehow familiar to both Ward and the artist. Only at the very last, though, did the restorer and his client begin to grasp with astonishment at the details of that lean, pallid visage, and to recognise with a touch of awe the dramatic trick which heredity had played. For it took the final bath of oil and the final stroke of the delicate scraper to bring out fully the expression which centuries had hidden; and to confront the bewildered Charles Dexter Ward, dweller in the past, with his own living features in the countenance of his horrible great-great-greatgrandfather. Ward brought his parents to see the marvel he had uncovered, and his father at once determined to purchase the picture despite its execution on stationary panelling. The resemblance to the boy, despite an appearance of rather great age, was marvellous; and it could be seen that through some trick of atavism the physical contours of Joseph Curwen had found precise duplication after a century and a half. Mrs. Ward’s resemblance to her ancestor was not at all marked, though she could recall relatives who had some of the facial characteristics shared by her son and by the bygone Curwen. She did not relish the discovery, and told her husband that he had better burn the picture instead of bringing it home. There was, she averred, something unwholesome about it; not only intrinsically, but in its very resemblance to Charles. Mr. Ward, however, was a practical man of power and affairs - a cotton manufacturer with extensive mills at Riverpoint in the Pawtuxet Valley - and not one to listen to feminine scruples. The picture impressed him mightily with its likeness to his son, and he believed the boy deserved it as a present. In this opinion, it is needless to say, Charles most heartily concurred; and a few days later Mr. Ward located the owner of the house - a small rodent-featured person with a guttural accent - and obtained the whole mantel and overmantel bearing the picture at a curtly fixed price which cut short the impending torrent of unctuous haggling. It now remained to take off the panelling and remove it to the Ward home, where provisions were made for its thorough restoration and installation with an electric mock-fireplace in Charles’s third-floor study or library. To Charles was left the task of superintending this removal, and on the twenty-eighth of August he accompanied two expert workmen from the Crooker decorating firm to the house in Olney Court, where the mantel and portrait-bearing overmantel were detached with great care and precision for transportation in the company’s motor truck. There was left a space of exposed brickwork marking the chimney’s course, and in this young Ward observed a cubical recess about a foot square, which must have lain directly behind the head of the portrait. Curious as to what such a space might mean or contain, the youth approached and looked within;


’ Another was in a cipher. he took up the book and looked at the bold inscription on its cover. and proclaimed the volume as the ‘Journall and Notes of Jos: Curwen. He did not even shew the titles to his parents. as the Hutchinson cipher which had hitherto baffled him. Blowing away the bulk of the dirt and cinders. Gent. or Those Represent’g Them. and had evidently seen something which impressed him tremendously. A third. Upon returning home he broke the news with an almost embarrassed air. Willett relies on them to help establish his theory that the youth was not mad when he began his major eccentricities. and a few mouldering textile shreds which may have formed the ribbon binding the rest together. 337 . in shewing the titles to the workmen. a crude.’ 3 We have now reached the point from which the more academic school of alienists date Charles Ward’s madness. and here the searcher rejoiced. As it was he doubtless wished to avoid any display of peculiar reticence which would increase their discussion of the matter. and one of them seemed especially portentous because of its inscription: ‘To Him Who Shal Come After. ‘mostly in cipher’. esq.’. Indeed. he appeared to guard the text itself with peculiar care. as if he wished to convey an idea of its supreme importance without having to exhibit the evidence itself. which would have to be studied very carefully before yielding up their true meaning.’ Excited beyond measure by his discovery. All the other papers were likewise in Curwen’s handwriting. Ward shewed the book to the two curious workmen beside him. Whom He Sawe. It was in a hand which he had learned to recognise at the Essex Institute. whilst the fourth and fifth were addressed respectively to:’Edw: Hutchinson. and What He Learnt.finding beneath the deep coatings of dust and soot some loose yellowed papers. the same. of Prouidence-Plantations. thick copybook. Late of Salem. Where He Stay’d. ‘or Their Heir or Heirs. Upon his discovery the youth had looked immediately at a few of the inner pages of the book and manuscripts. It is unlikely that he would have shewn what he did to the workmen. and Dr. & How He May Gett Beyonde Time & Ye Spheres. but simply told them that he had found some documents in Joseph Curwen’s handwriting. had it not been for their unconcealed curiousity. and to labour under a perturbation for which even the antiquarian and genealogical significance of the find could hardly account. seemed to be a key to the cipher. Armiger’ and Jedediah Orne. Their testimony is absolute as to the nature and genuineness of the finding. Ward hoped.’ The sixth and last was inscribed: ‘Joseph Curwen his Life and Travells Bet’n ye yeares 1678 and 1687: Of Whither He Voyag’d.

His meals. The next night he slept in snatches in his clothes. on his urgent request when his mother called to see what was amiss. hence his parents were less surprised than regretful at the close confinement and secrecy he adopted. and boxing in the sides with panelling to match the room’s. Before servants he seldom hid any paper which he might by studying. At the same time. meanwhile wrestling feverishly with the unravelling of the cipher manuscript. and when day came he did not desist. where he also placed them whenever he left the room. setting the mock-fireplace and overmantel a little out from the north wall as if a chimney existed. and he frequently asserted his determination never to bother with college. only one who had always been more or less studious. was constitutionally a scholar and a hermit.That night Charles Ward sat up in his room reading the new-found book and papers. he said. seemed a great bore to him. which he had frequently shewn her before.’ seemed to be). where he now began his senior year. give interesting details anent the policy of concealment which he practised. important special investigations to make. Ward. At night he kept the papers under lock and key in an antique cabinet of his. eccentric. The front panel holding the picture was sawn and hinged to allow cupboard space behind it. subsequently recalling his conduct at this period. This reticence he explained away as due to a 338 . which would provide him with more avenues toward knowledge and the humanities than any university which the world could boast. That afternoon he abandoned his work and watched the men fascinatedly as they finished their installation of the picture with its woodwork above a cleverly realistic electric log. however. Naturally. he was more circumspect. The opening of school. After the workmen went he moved his work into the study and sat down before it with his eyes half on the cipher and half on the portrait which stared back at him like a year-adding and centuryrecalling mirror. both his father and mother thought it odd that he would shew them no scrap of his treasure-trove. His parents. In the morning his mother saw that he was at work on the photostatic copy of the Hutchinson cipher. but in response to her query he said that the Curwen key could not be applied to it. except that his long walks and other outside interests seemed to cease. and solitary could have pursued this course for many days without attracting notice. were sent up to him. etc. He soon resumed fairly regular hours and habits. and unless the manuscript in question were a cipher. or a mere mass of cryptic symbols and unknown ideographs (as that entitled ‘To Him Who Shal Come After. nor give any connected account of such data as he had deciphered. since he rightly assumed that Curwen’s intricate and archaic chirography would be too much for them. he would cover it with some convenient paper until his caller had departed. With his parents. and in the afternoon he appeared only briefly when the men came to install the Curwen picture and mantelpiece in his study. however. He had.

were what he sought now. and for the latter haunting all the sources of vital statistics in Providence. where certain rare works on Biblical subjects are available. 1920. but as the weeks passed without further disclosures there began to grow up between the youth and his family a kind of constraint. from whose slate slab an older generation had so wisely blotted the name. intensified in his mother’s case by her manifest disapproval of all Curwen delvings. The cause appeared later. when it was learned from City Hall clerks that he had probably found an important clue. Instead. where the startlingly one almost fancied increasingly . Local dealers in drugs and scientific supplies. fitting up for the one a laboratory in the unused attic of the house. and the various libraries agree as to the definite object of his second interest. During October Ward began visiting the libraries again. gave astonishingly queer and meaningless catalogues of the substances and instruments he purchased. Late in March Ward added to his archive-searching a ghoulish series of rambles about the various ancient cemeteries of the city. he inaugurated a dual policy of chemical research and record-scanning. or the Zion Research Library in Brookline. but clerks at the State House. He had other concernments now. and fitted up a whole additional set of shelves in his study for newly acquired works on uncanny subjects. Charles had had freaks and changes of minor interests before.similar features of Joseph Curwen stared blandly at him from the great overmantel on the North wall. it could be seen that the older application had all vanished. His school work was the merest pretence. could be found either poring over old burial records down town or glued to his volumes of occult lore in his study. About the middle of January. but this growing secrecy and absorption in strange pursuits was unlike even him. the City Hall. later questioned. while during the Christmas holidays he made a round of out-of-town trips including one to Salem to consult certain records at the Essex Institute. and he was no more found at work upon the Hutchinson cipher. His quest had suddenly shifted from the grave of Joseph Curwen to that of 339 . occultism and daemonology. the Widener Library at Harvard. but no longer for the antiquarian matter of his former days. there entered Ward’s bearing an element of triumph which he did not explain. He was searching intensely and feverishly for the grave of Joseph Curwen. Little by little there grew upon the Ward family the conviction that something was wrong.wish to wait until he might announce some connected revelation. and when Providence sources proved unfruitful he would take the train for Boston and tap the wealth of the great library in Copley Square. and although he failed in no test. He bought extensively. Witchcraft and magic. and when not in his new laboratory with a score of obsolete alchemical books.

of Naphthali Field’s grave in y-. since other statistics had shewn that the only Naphthali Field (obiit 1729) whose grave could have been meant had been a Baptist.one Naphthali Field. and one might reasonably be expected to stumble on the stone itself even if its record had perished. for Willett felt at every moment that Charles was thorough master of himself and in touch with matters of real importance. 4 It was toward May when Dr. for the most part in cipher. John’s (the former King’s) Churchyard and the ancient Congregational burying-ground in the midst of Swan Point Cemetery were excluded. Of a pallid. To take their vivid place in the history of human thought they must first be correlated by one familiar with the background out of which they evolved. and to this task of correlation Ward was now devoting himself. and Naphthali Field’s grave seemed as elusive as that of Curwen.from which St. upon going over the files that he had been over. so that their immediate presentation to a world equipped only with modern science would rob them of all impressiveness and dramatic significance. They were. talked with the young man. of an apparent scope comparable only to the discoveries of Friar Bacon and perhaps surpassing even those. He stated that the papers of his ancestor had contained some remarkable secrets of early scientific knowledge. Willett. however. could more profoundly revolutionise the current conception of things. though not to reveal their object.’ The lack of a specified burying-ground in the surviving entry greatly complicated the search. W. and 5 ft. he said he had reason to think that Joseph Curwen’s mutilated headstone bore certain mystic symbols . but the details of whose progress he did not relate. Ward seemed quite ready to discuss his pursuits. but it at least force the secretive youth to offer some rational explanation of his recent demeanour. he declared. and which stated that the curious leaden coffin had been interred ‘10 ft. Not even Einstein. at the request of the senior Ward. The interview was of little value or conclusiveness. impassive type not easily shewing embarrassment. but here no systematic effacement had existed. and hoped in time to made a full announcement and presentation of the utmost interest to mankind and to the world of thought. the investigators actually found a fragmentary record of Curwen’s burial which had escaped the general obliteration.carved from directions in his will and ignorantly spared by those who had effaced the name - 340 . Hence the rambles . meaningless except when correlated with a body of learning now wholly obsolete. whose object he freely admitted. and fortified with all the Curwen data which the family had gleaned from Charles in his non-secretive days. He was seeking to acquire as fast as possible those neglected arts of old which a true interpreter of the Curwen data must possess. and this shift was explained when. S. As to his graveyard search.

They ran: ‘Ye Verse from Liber-Damnatus be’g spoke V Roodmasses and IV HallowsEves. H. Say’d ye SABAOTH thrice last Nighte but None appear’d. and Willett recalled only a fragment: ‘Wedn. Green at ye Elephant 50 Gallon Cyttles. When Dr.’ When upon reaching this point Dr. 1754. strangely enough. My Sloope the Wakeful this Day putt in from London with XX newe Men pick’d up in ye Indies. 100 Pieces Assrtd. For Mr. in Transylvania. I am Hopeful ye Thing is breed’g Outside ye Spheres. Cambleteens. 20 Warm’g Pannes. 300 Pieces each. the cipher (title in cipher also). Knight Dexter of ye Bay and Book 120 Pieces Camblets. He also opened the diary at a page carefully selected for its innocuousness and gave Willett a glimpse of Curwen’s connected handwriting in English. Nightingale 50 Reames prime Foolscap. All that the doctor had a chance to see on the newly opened page was a brief pair of sentences. 50 Pieces Calamancoes.which were absolutely essential to the final solution of his cryptic system. Ye Dutch Men are like to Desert from have’g hearde Somewhat ill of these Ventures. but these. I must heare more from Mr. but I expecte soon hear’g from Him. Curwen. 15 Bake Cyttles. The doctor noted very closely the crabbed and complicated letters. 16 Octr. For Mr.the ‘Journall and Notes’. Spaniards from Martineco and 2 Dutch Men from Surinam. tho’ it is Harde reach’g him and exceeding strange he can not give me the Use of What he hath so well us’d these hundred Yeares. It will drawe One who is to Come. 20 Pieces blue Duffles. Shendsoy and Humhums. he believed. lingered tenacious in his memory. and the formula-filled message ‘To Him Who Shal Come After’ and let him glance inside such as were in obscure characters. For Mr. Smoke’g Tonges. Willett turned the leaf he was quickly checked by Ward. and had consequently distributed the data in an exceedingly curious fashion. Perrigo 1 Sett of Awles. Ward displayed much reluctance and tried to put him off with such things as photostatic copies of the Hutchinson cipher and Orne formulae and diagrams. had wish to guard his secret with care. 10 pr. who almost snatched the book from his grasp. against ye Which I must have ready ye Saltes or That to make ‘em with. but finally shewed him the exteriors of some of the real Curwen finds . and he shal think on Past Thinges and look back thro’ all ye Yeares. but I will see to ye Inducing of them to Staye. Simon hath not writ these V. Willett asked to see the mystic documents. For Mr. The text itself was relatively trivial. and became quickly certain that the document was genuine.’ 341 . if I can make sure he shal Bee. and the general aura of the seventeenth century which clung round both penmanship and style despite the writer’s survival into the eighteenth century. 100 Pieces Shalloons. Weekes.

keeping close to his work and only occasionally making trips to other cities to consult obscure records. He had. Ward determined at last to take the European trip hitherto denied him. while denying this latter wish as absurd for a boy of only eighteen. he declared. Once he went south to talk to a strange mulatto who dwelt in a swamp and about whom a newspaper hand printed a curious article. shunning all family friends. but somehow this small glimpse gave a new and vague terror to the painted features of Joseph Curwen which stared blandly down from the overmantel. He became recognised as an eccentric. marvelling at its resemblance to Charles and memorising every minute detail of the cryptical. the Wards were more lenient than they might otherwise have been when during the following June the youth made positive his refusal to attend college. he decided.that the eyes of the portrait had a sort of wish. so that after a none too brilliant graduation from the Moses Brown School there ensued for Charles a three-year period of intensive occult study and graveyard searching. Again he sought a small village in the Adirondacks whence reports of certain odd ceremonial practices had come. and having previously inherited a small competence from his maternal grandfather. Of his proposed itinerary he would say nothing save that the needs of his studies would carry him to many places. who accompanied him to Boston and waved him out of sight from the White Star pier in Charlestown. Cosmo Alexander. colourless face. acquiesced regarding the university. for there 342 . and dropped even more completely from the sight of his family’s friends than he had been before. He stopped before leaving to study the picture closely. till he had exhausted the resources of the British Museum in a certain direction. and of his securing good quarters in Great Russell Street. to follow young Charles Ward as he move about the room. Letters soon told of his safe arrival. even down to a slight scar or pit in the smooth brow above the right eye. so that in June the young man sailed for Liverpool with the farewell blessings of his father and mother. studies of much more vital importance to pursue. was a painter worthy of the Scotland that produced Raeburn. Of his daily life he wrote by little. Assured by the doctor that Charles’s mental health was in no danger. London. Coming of age in April. where he proposed to stay. But still his parents forbade him the trip to the Old World which he desired. and a teacher worthy of his illustrious pupil Gilbert Stuart. they ceased all opposition and helped as best they could. The senior Ward. and intimated a wish to go abroad the following year in order to avail himself of certain sources of data not existing in America. 1923. if not an actual tendency. When they saw he could not be dissuaded. Even after that he entertained the odd fancy .which his medical skill of course assured him was only a fancy .Willett saw no more. but he promised to write his parents fully and faithfully. but that on the other hand he was engaged in researches which might prove of real importance.

the Baron was not a person likely to appeal to correct and conservative New England gentlefolk. and no tourists brought back reports of having seen him. He was going to visit a Baron Ferenczy.was little to write. or Rome during the summer. take place until May 1926. Charles said. saying that his host’s carriage had met him and that he was leaving the village for the mountains. That return did not. Jacques and referring to a special search among rare manuscripts in the library of an unnamed private collector. when after a few heralding cards the young wanderer quietly slipped into New York on the 343 . when he dropped several cards from Vienna telling of his passage through that city on the way toward a more easterly region whither one of his correspondents and fellow-delvers into the occult had invited him. The next card was from Klausenburg in Transylvania. he did reply to his parents’ frequent letters until May. Then came a silence. whose estate lay in the mountains east of Rakus. which could scarcely be far distant. was his last message for a considerable time. however. In June. and was to be addressed at Rakus in the care of that nobleman. stating that Charles was in that ancient town for the purpose of conferring with a certain very aged man supposed to be the last living possessor of some very curious mediaeval information. Study and experiment consumed all his time. if his parents would wait for his return to Providence. and in October the Wards received a picture card from Prague. when he wrote to discourage the plan of his mother for a meeting in London. a brief note told of his departure for Paris. to which he had before made one or two flying trips for material in the Bibliothèque Nationale. 1924. His researches. while the situation of Baron Ferenczy’s castle did not favour visits. was taken by his parents as a good index of the degree to which his new interests had engrossed his mind. giving an address in the Rue St. That he said nothing of antiquarian rambles in the glamorous old city with its luring skyline of ancient domes and steeples and its tangles of roads and alleys whose mystic convolutions and sudden vistas alternately beckon and surprise. He avoided acquaintances. and told of Ward’s progress toward his destination. His aspect and manners had idiosyncrasies. It would be better. he said. indeed. and announced no move till the following January. Czecho-Slovakia. Moreover. were such that he could not leave his present quarters. For three months thereafter he sent only postal cards. It was on a crag in the dark wooded mountains. and he mentioned a laboratory which he had established in one of his rooms. Paris. He gave an address in the Neustadt. and the region was so shunned by the country folk that normal people could not help feeling ill at ease. when the elder Wards were planning to travel to Europe. and his age was so great as to be disquieting. Another card from Rakus a week later.

and in several talks with Dr. Willett refuses to concede. and Charles Dexter Ward had come home. his first taste of ancient New England in nearly four years. and fragrant. At the high square where Broad. on the left the classic Adam porch and stately facade of the great brick house where he was born. Lyman’s assign to Ward’s European trip the beginning of his true madness. for which all his years of travel and application had been preparing him. And at last the little white overtaken farmhouse on the right. remembered houses and domes and steeples of the old town. When the coach crossed the Pawcatuck and entered Rhode Island amidst the faery goldenness of a late spring afternoon his heart beat with quickened force.Homeric and traversed the long miles to Providence by motor-coach. something later. roof-pierced greenery of the ancient hill across the river.could feign continuously for long. 5 A school of alienists slightly less academic than Dr. and the head of the bay. though visibly aged and hardened. Then eight squares past the fine old estates his childish eyes had known. Here lay the arcana.odd enough things. eagerly drinking in the green rolling hills. he saw before and below him in the fire of sunset the pleasant. and the entry to Providence along Reservoir and Elmwood Avenues was a breathless and wonderful thing despite the depths of forbidden lore to which he had delved. What 344 . wondrous or dreadful as the case may be. continuous history which had brought him into being. the old Market House. and the white steepled towns of vernal Connecticut. There was. Weybosset. they believe that his conduct upon returning implies a disastrous change. but by no means implying mental aberration on the part of their celebrant. Admitting that he was sane when he started. to be sure. It was twilight. was still normal in his general reactions. and his head swam curiously as the vehicle rolled down to the terminal behind the Biltmore. and up the steep curved slope of Waterman Street to Prospect. and the quaint brick sidewalks so often trodden by his youthful feet. A taxicab whirled him through Post Office Square with its glimpse of the river.even an incipient one . where the vast gleaming dome and sunset-flushed Ionic columns of the Christian Science Church beckoned northward. But even to this claim Dr. bringing into view the great dome and soft. Ward himself. he insists. blossoming orchards. and the queerness of the youth at this stage he attributes to the practice of rituals learned abroad . Willett displayed a balance which no madman . and the tall colonial spire of the First Baptist Church limned pink in the magic evening against the fresh springtime verdure of its precipitous background. and which had drawn him back toward marvels and secrets whose boundaries no prophet might fix. Old Providence! It was this place and the mysterious forces of its long. and Empire Streets join.

the venerable and beloved black cat of the household. This was the prelude to a sharp thunderstorm. elusive quality which seemed to have the power of inducing fantastic images. and to equally strange delvings within his quarters.elicited the notion of insanity at this period were the sounds heard at all hours from Ward’s attic laboratory. in which he kept himself most of the time. In January. a peculiar incident occurred. and the half-erased remnants of circles. there was something in the quality of that voice. And always in the night those rhythms and incantations thundered. and portentous. but Charles met them at the door to the attic. undertaken at the request of teh senior Wards. There were chantings and repetitions. and promising great revelations in the years to come. People who smelled them had a tendency to glimpse momentary mirages of enormous vistas. but applied himself diligently to the strange books he had brought home. with strange hills or endless avenues of sphinxes and hippogriffs stretching off into infinite distance. but more often they were aromatic. which could not by chill the blood of every hearer. as Charles was chanting a ritual whose weird cadence echoed unpleasantly through the house below. explaining that European sources had greatly enlarged the possibilities of his work. At the same time the cat exhibited phenomenal traces of fright. Frequently he noted peculiar things about. with an almost fearsome combination of triumph and seriousness on his face. They rushed upstairs to see what damage had been done. marvelling at the virtual identity. resolute. Ward believed the house had been struck. His older aspect increased to a startling degree his resemblance to the Curwen portrait in his library. These calls of Willett’s. Sometimes they were very noxious. bristled and arched his back perceptibly when certain of the tones were heard. Ward did not resume his old-time rambles. and a faint. till it became very difficult to keep servants or suppress furtive talk of Charles’s madness. little wax images of grotesque design on the shelves or tables. with a haunting. Willett would often pause by the latter after a call. It was noticed that Nig. triangles. but the latter saw that he could never reach the young man’s inner psychology. and thunderous declamations in uncanny rhythms. anomalous for the season. The odours occasionally wafted from the laboratory were likewise exceedingly strange. obscure trembling of the earth which everyone in the neighbourhood noted. Ward at no time repulsed the doctor. there came a sudden gust of chill wind from the bay. and in the accents of the formulae it pronounced. and pentagrams in chalk or charcoal on the cleared central space of the large room. and although these sounds were always in Ward’s own voice. and Dr. while dogs bayed for as much as a mile around. pale. and reflecting that only the small pit above the picture’s right eye now remained to differentiate the long-dead wizard from the living youth. One night about midnight. He assured them that the house had not really been 345 . which brought with it such a crash that Mr. were curious affairs. 1927. and Mrs.

Ward. The next day Charles resumed his strict attic seclusion. whilst the trees ceased to bend in the strange frigid gust from the water. and the stamp of triumph on Charles Ward’s face crystallised into a very singular expression. heavy box from a truck at Charles’s direction and carrying it within by the side door. and steadfastly refused all proffered food. Later on Dr. Muffled oaths could be distinguished. indeed. heard a rumbling motor draw up to the carriage entrance. One night late in March he left the house after midnight. In the evening Charles secured the paper before the rest of the family and damaged part of it through an apparent accident. They paused. when his mother. About noon a wrenching sound followed by a terrible cry and a fall were heard. Ward rapped at the door her son at length answered faintly. She heard laboured breathing and ponderous footfalls on the stairs. He would open the door to no one. saw four dark figures removing a long. Stars came out. and that the storm would soon be over. being wakeful. and finally a dull thumping in the attic. and he would appear later for dinner. after the conclusion of some odd hissing sounds which came from behind the locked portal. for the lightning flashed farther and farther off. The thunder sank to a sort of dull mumbling chuckle and finally died away. and added to his inviolable private domain as a sleeping apartment. The hideous and indescribable stench now welling out was absolutely harmless and unfortunately necessary. and the four reappeared outside and drove off in their truck. till the time he purchased the Pawtuxet bungalow and moved to it all his scientific effects. He exhibited a curious interest in the weather. furnished roughly. looked up an intact copy at the Journal office and found that in the destroyed section the following small item had occurred: 346 . proved the beginning of a new policy of secrecy. For two months or more after this incident Ward was less confined than usual to his laboratory. and Mrs. This. and made odd inquires about the date of the spring thawing of the ground. wearing an extremely haggard aspect and forbidding anyone to enter the laboratory upon any pretext. Willett. drawing down the dark shades of his laboratory windows and appearing to be working on some metal substance. after which the footfalls descended again. he did finally appear. and told her that nothing had gone amiss. and looking through a window saw that he was indeed right. with books brought up from his library beneath. rising and going to the window.struck. but when Mrs. Solitude was the one prime essential. That afternoon. having fixed the date from statements by various members of the household. Here he lived. and did not return till almost morning. for never afterward was any other person permitted to visit either the mysterious garret workroom or the adjacent storeroom which he cleaned out.

when Hart’s attention was attracted by the sound of a motor outside his shelter. The hole. where most of the old stones have long ago disappeared. while at other times occasional listeners could detect the sound of tinkling glass. night watchman at the North Burial Ground. The men hastily placed a large box in the truck and drove away toward the street before they could be overtaken. he kept closely to himself there. wholly unlike any before noted. hissing chemicals. and both the family and Dr. running water. During the next few days Charles Ward was seldom seen by his family. this morning discovered a party of several men with a motor truck in the oldest part of the cemetery. The discovery took place at about four o’clock. Suspense was written portentously over the whole situation. he saw a large truck on the main drive several rods away. and since no known grave was disturbed. Hart believes that this box was an object which they wished to bury. In reply to questions Hart said he though the escaping truck had headed up Rochambeau Avenue. for Hart found an enormous hold dug at a considerable distance back from the roadway in the lot of Amasa Field. a place as large and deep as a grave.Nocturnal Diggers Surprised in North Burial Ground Robert Hart. but could not reach it before the noise of his feet on the gravel had revealed his approach. hung at times around the door. Having added sleeping quarters to his attic realm. Riley of the Second Station viewed the spot and gave the opinion that the hole was dug by bootleggers rather gruesomely and ingeniously seeking a safe cache for liquor in a place not likely to be disturbed. but apparently frightened them off before they had accomplished whatever their object may have been. Investigating. and the air of tension observable in the young recluse whenever he did venture briefly forth was such as to excite the keenest speculation. The diggers must have been at work for a long while before detection. The droning of monotonous formulae and the chanting of bizarre rhythms recurred at intervals. ordering food brought to the door and not taking it in until after the servant had gone away. and again he hired a messenger to fetch him a highly obscure volume from Boston. was empty. and did not coincide with any interment mentioned in the cemetery records. 6 347 . or roaring gas flames. Willett confessed themselves wholly at a loss what to do or think about it. though he could not be sure. Odours of the most unplaceable quality. Once he made a hasty trip to the Athenaeum for a book he required. Sergt.

but which others quite naturally dismiss as an irrelevant coincidence. according to the Fenner letter. salamandrae. Ward. that cryptic soul who crept through a crack in the forbidden door and glimpsed the frightful vistas of the void beyond: ‘Per Adonai Eloim. for Charles had described it too vividly in the old days when he had talked frankly of his Curwen investigations. shivered as she recognised its hellish imports.’ 348 . and Dr. antra daemonia Coeli God. and experts have told Dr. at the same time burning some substance so pungent that its fumes escaped over the entire house. above the doomed Pawtuxet farmhouse on the night of Joseph Curwen’s annihilation. Mathon. for Charles had told of its evil fame in dark books. There was no mistaking that nightmare phrase. veni. Zariatnatmik. Jehosua. but to those in the Ward household it was overshadowed by the odour which instantly followed it. veni. Late in the afternoon young Ward began repeating a certain formula in a singularly loud voice. there was certainly a very terrible difference in degree. Adonai Adonai Sabaoth. This had been going on for two hours without change or intermission when over all the neighbourhood a pandaemoniac howling of dogs set in. and of the manner in which it had thundered. It ran as follows. its incredible depth. The day was Good Friday. a circumstance of which the servants made much. It shook the house. and was clearly heard by at least two neighbours above the howling of the dogs. The extent of this howling can be judged from the space it received in the papers the next day. veni. Willett that its very close analogue can be found in the mystic writings of “Eliphas Levi”. Gibor. Mrs. who had been listening in despair outside her son’s locked laboratory. gnomorum. Almonsin.’ Jehova. The formula was so plainly audible in the hall outside the locked door that Mrs. Willett’s request. Evam. which would have been blinding and impressive but for the daylight around. And yet it was only this fragment of an archaic and forgotten language: ‘DIES MIES JESCHET BOENE DOESEF DOUVEMA ENITEMAUS. a hideous. Metraton On Agla verbum pythonicum.Then on the fifteenth of April a strange development occurred. In the midst of this mephitic flood there came a very perceptible flash like that of lightning. and later on she was able to write it down at Dr. While nothing appeared to grow different in kind. all-pervasive odour which non of them had ever smelt before or have ever smelt since. and its eldritch dissimilarity to Charles Ward’s voice. Willett somehow attaches great significance to the change. mysterium conventus sylvorum. and then was heard the voice that no listener can ever forget because of its thunderous remoteness. Ward could not help memorising it as she waited and listened anxiously.

but held the murmurs of a tense. A second later all previous memories were effaced by the wailing scream which burst out with frantic explosiveness and gradually changed form to a paroxysm of diabolic and hysterical laughter. Memory sometimes makes merciful deletions. but the other had a depth and hollowness which the youth’s best powers of ceremonial mimicry had scarcely approached before. Charles was chanting again now and his mother could hear syllables that sounded like ‘Yi nash Yog Sothoth he lgeb throdag’ . from which the sounds had been far stranger than ever before. and realising that she had fainted. but paused nervelessly as a second shriek arose. however. Mrs. new for Charles to mutter formulae. Presently she fainted. and sounding concurrently with the still bursting cachinnations of that other voice. and was watching the bewildered opening of her eyes when a chill shot through him and threatened to reduce him to the very state from which she was emerging. but this muttering was definitely different. this one unmistakably in the familiar voice of her son. though sunset was still an hour distant. Ward stretched out at full length on the floor of the corridor outside the laboratory. Ward returned from the business section at about quarter past six. There was something hideous. As it was. and abnormal about it. Mounting the stairs at once. Mr. muffled conversation in tones too low for comprehension. of course. and but for a cry from his recovering wife which cleared his mind by arousing his protective instincts it is not likely that Theodore Howland Ward could have maintained for nearly a year more his old boast that he had never fainted. but obtained no sign of recognition. although she is still unable to recall the precise and immediate cause. he was heartened to observe an immediate response on her part. 349 .Close upon this thundering there came a momentary darkening of the daylight. It was not. yet of a quality profoundly disturbing to the soul. or imitation of a dialogue. She knocked again. advanced and knocked affrightedly at the concealing panels. with the mingled fear and blind courage of maternity. blasphemous. For the seemingly silent laboratory was not as silent as it had appeared to be. he saw Mrs. Ward. he was not quick enough to escape catching something himself which caused him to stagger dangerously with his burden. and then a puff of added odour different from the first but equally unknown and intolerable. he seized his wife in his arms and bore her quickly downstairs before she could notice the voices which had so horribly disturbed him. statement and response. hastened to fetch a glass of water from a set bowl in a neighbouring alcove. One voice was undisguisedly that of Charles.ending in a ‘Yah!’ whose maniacal force mounted in an earsplitting crescendo. For Mrs. was told by the frightened servants that she was probably watching at Charles’s door. Dashing the cold fluid in her face. It was so palpably a dialogue. and not finding his wife downstairs. with the regular alteration of inflections suggesting question and answer. Even so.

whose stiffening form had been found an hour before in the basement. Charles’s aspect was very drawn and haggard. Ward conferred at some length after dinner. was in any case purely book research. and Mrs. Ward rose at the close of the meal and started upstairs for Charles’s laboratory. and there had come in response to it from behind the locked door the first distinguishable words which that masked and terrible colloquy had yielded. but somehow their implications held a nameless fright for the father who overheard them. and he could obtain quarters elsewhere for any such vocal rituals as might be necessary at a later stage. Books were apparently being flung about and papers wildly rustled. There was no scene. or Mrs. At the end of the lecture he agreed that his father was right. and that his noises. and as Charles picked up his armful and left the room Mr. and chemical odours were indeed inexcusable nuisances. though insisting on a prolongation of his extreme privacy. They were merely an excited caution in Charles’s own voice. and the former resolved to have a firm and serious talk with Charles that very night. 350 . On the third floor. however. He agreed to a policy of great quiet.Ward’s cry had evidently been heard by others than he. he paused at the sounds which he heard proceeding from the now disused library of his son. Ward beheld the youth within. mutterings. and upon stepping to the door Mr. His use of abstruse technical terms somewhat bewildered Mr. and explained that the conversation later heard was part of an elaborate symbolism designed to create a certain mental atmosphere. At the elder man’s command he sat down. Ward hardly knew what to make of the entire business. such conduct could no longer be permitted. For the fright and fainting of his mother he expressed the keenest contrition. for these latest developments transcended every limit of sanity and formed a menace to the order and nervous well-being of the entire household. but the parting impression was one of undeniable sanity and poise despite a mysterious tension of the utmost gravity. All this must be stopped. he said. It was as mysterious as the death of poor old Nig. Ward would be made ill and the keeping of servants become an impossibility. and he dropped his entire load with a start at the sound of his father’s voice. excitedly assembling a vast armful of literary matter of every size and shape. The phrase was just this: ‘Sshh!-write!’ Mr. incantations. Mr. Ward. The interview was really quite inconclusive. and for some time listened to the admonitions he had so long deserved. with staring eyes and fear-distorted mouth. No matter how important the object. The youth must indeed have taken complete leave of his senses. Much of his future work. since only downright madness could have prompted the wild screams and imaginary conversations in assumed voices which the present day had brought forth.

His actions were quiet and rational. as always. and certain contemporary newspapers and magazines. and almost clawed at his chest as he strove to see just what was wrong around him. He held out promises of an early revelation. hunted look which his mother did not like. inconclusive. but to the cracked and precariously restored oils of the large Curwen portrait disaster had come. curling tighter and tighter. IV. was missing. Willett had been told of those Friday noises and happenings. geographies. and on the following Tuesday had a long conversation with the youth in the library where the picture stared no more. These new withdrawals were all modern items. and at last it dawned upon him what it was. Dr. Ever since he had been in this room he had known that something was amiss. but he had a furtive. and the father paused in a growing vortex of perplexity and an engulfing sense of strangeness. beyond what had been previously removed. the portrait of Joseph Curwen had resigned forever its staring surveillance of the youth it so strangely resembled. 351 .Driven by some vague detective instinct. On the north wall rose still the ancient carved overmantel from the house in Olney Court. At the loss of the portrait he grieved singularly little considering his first enthusiasm over it. A Mutation and a Madness 1 In the week following that memorable Good Friday Charles Ward was seen more often than usual. The interview was. the bewildered parent now glanced curiously at the vacant shelves to see what his son had taken up to the attic. scientific treatises. On this occasion Mr. Something was indeed wrong. Peeling clear of the wood. but seemed to find something of positive humour in its sudden crumbling. manuals of literature. and now lay scattered on the floor as a thin coating of fine blue-grey dust. and finally crumbling into small bits with what must have been malignly silent suddenness. and developed an incredibly ravenous appetite as gauged by his demands upon the cook. and tangibly as well as spiritually so. so that one might tell at a glance the books or at least the kind of books which had been withdrawn. Ward was astonished to find that nothing of the occult or the antiquarian. philosophic works. The youth’s library was plainly and rigidly classified. and was continually carrying books between his library and the attic laboratory. Time and unequal heating had done their work at last. and at some time since the room’s last cleaning the worst had happened. The strangeness was a very poignant sensation. histories. but Willett is still ready to swear that the youth was sane and himself at the time. and spoke of the need of securing a laboratory elsewhere. It was a very curious shift from Charles Ward’s recent run of reading.

Mrs. It occurred one morning. but seemed more worried than he used to be. To fancy Charles in a savage state that night was quite ridiculous. but in the morning he presented hi