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2005 EDITION

ANSI/AF&PA NDS-2005

Approval Date: JANUARY 6, 2005

ASD/LRFD

N DS

®

NATIONAL DESIGN SPECIFICATION® FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION

WITH COMMENTARY AND SUPPLEMENT: DESIGN VALUES FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION

x w

American Forest & Paper Association American Wood Council

Wood American Wood Council

R 2 V Shear 2

R

V

Mmax Moment

American Forest &

DESIGN AID No. 6

Paper Association

BEAM FORMULAS WITH SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS

The American Wood Council (AWC) is part of the wood products group of the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA). AF&PA is the national trade association of the forest, paper, and wood products industry, representing member companies engaged in growing, harvesting, and processing wood and wood fiber, manufacturing pulp, paper, and paperboard products from both virgin and recycled fiber, and producing engineered and traditional wood products. For more information see www.afandpa.org.

While every effort has been made to insure the accuracy of the information presented, and special effort has been made to assure that the information reflects the state-ofthe-art, neither the American Forest & Paper Association nor its members assume any responsibility for any particular design prepared from this publication. Those using this document assume all liability from its use.

Copyright © 2007 American Forest & Paper Association, Inc. American Wood Council 1111 19th St., NW, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036 202-463-4713

awcinfo@afandpa.org www.awc.org

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

.....Introduction Introduction Figures 1 through 32 provide a series of shear and moment diagrams with accompanying formulas for design of beams under various static loading conditions.. 6 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center ....... lbs..................................... 8 Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed ...................... 4th edition................................................................ 19 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Concentrated Load on Each Span Symmetrically Placed ................................ deflection or deformation.............................. 5 Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to One End ........................................................................................................................... 12 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load .... 14 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Uniformly Distributed Load ................................. Figures List of Figures Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 30 Figure 31 Figure 32 Simple Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load ....................................... 13 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at Any Point Between Supports ........... 19 AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .......... 13 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at End of Overhang ...........................................................................................4 span length of the bending member............................ Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed Load ..... maximum bending moment............................... 4 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed........................... load per unit length. reaction load at bearing point........ 10 Beam Fixed at One End.......................................................... 11 Beam Fixed at One End............................................................... horizontal distance from reaction to point on beam............. 5 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End ....................................... 18 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed ..................... 16 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniform Load on One Span ..................... 15 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Any Point ............. lbs...... in..... 14 Beam Overhanging Both Supports – Unequal Overhangs – Uniformly Distributed Load ........................... 15 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Center .......... 16 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Center of One Span ................................................................ in................... 9 Cantilever Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load ............. 6 Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to Center ..................... lbs........................................ 12 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load on Overhang ...................................... psi moment of inertia................ span length of the bending member... 9 Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Free End .............. Shear and moment diagrams and formulas are excerpted from the Western Woods Use Book....................... Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Center ...... 7 Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed..... Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Any Point ................................/in.... Notations Relative to “Shear and Moment Diagrams” E = I = L = R = M= P = R = V = W= w = Δ = x = modulus of elasticity............................ lbs.................. lbs............................................................................ 18 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load ................................................................................. total concentrated load................ 17 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load ........... 11 Beam Fixed at One End........... and are provided herein as a courtesy of Western Wood Products Association. ft................................................ 8 Simple Beam – Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed ........................................................................ 17 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Any Point .................... 4 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End .......................................... total uniform load............... in................ shear force. 7 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point..................-lbs............................. in............................................................................................................................................................ 10 Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point .............................................. in...........

Figure 1 Simple Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load x w R 2 V Shear 2 R V Mmax Moment Figure 2 7-36 A Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed a b wb c R1 x V1 Shear R2 V2 R1 a+— w Mmax Moment 7-36 B AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

Figure 3 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End a wa R1 x V1 Shear R2 V2 R1 — w Mmax Moment Figure 4 Simple 7-37 A Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End a w1a b c w2c R2 R1 x V1 Shear R1 — w1 V2 Mmax Moment 7-37 B AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .

Figure 5 Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to One End x W R2 .57741 R1 V1 Shear V2 Mmax Moment Figure 6 7-38 A Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to Center x W R 2 V Shear 2 R V Mmax Moment 7-38 B AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

Figure 7 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center x P R 2 2 R V Shear V Mmax Moment Figure 8 7-39 A Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point x P R1 a b R2 V1 V2 Shear Mmax Moment 7-39-b AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .

Figure 9 Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed x P P R a a R V Shear V Mmax Moment Figure 10 7-40 A Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed x P P R1 a b R2 V1 Shear V2 M1 Moment M2 7-40 B AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

B AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .Figure 11 Simple Beam – Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed P1 x P2 R1 a b R2 V1 Shear V2 M1 Moment M2 Figure 12 Cantilever Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load w 7-41-a R x Shear V Mmax Moment 7-41.

Figure 13 Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Free End P R x V Shear Mmax Moment Figure 14 7-42 A Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point x P R a b Shear V Mmax Moment 7-42-b AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed Load w R2 R1 x V1 Shear V2 3 8 — 4 M1 Mmax Figure 16 Beam Fixed at One End. Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Center 7-43 A x R1 2 P R2 2 V1 Shear V2 M1 M2 3 — 11 AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION 7-43 B .Figure 15 Beam Fixed at One End.

Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Any Point x P R2 R1 a b V1 Shear V2 M1 Moment Pa — R2 M2 Figure 18 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load 7-44 A a x1 x w( + a) R1 2 V1 Shear R2 (1 – a ) 2 2 V2 V3 M1 Moment 2 (1 – a ) 2 M2 7-44 B AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .Figure 17 Beam Fixed at One End.

Figure 19 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load on Overhang a x x1 wa R1 R2 V2 V1 Shear Mmax Moment 7-45 A Figure 20 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at End of Overhang a x x1 P R1 R2 V2 V1 Shear Mmax Moment 7-45 B AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .

Figure 21 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at Any Point Between Supports x x1 R1 a b R2 V1 V2 Shear Mmax Moment Figure 22 7-46 A Beam Overhanging Both Supports – Unequal Overhangs – Uniformly Distributed Load w R1 a b R2 c V2 V1 X X1 Mx 1 M1 V4 V3 M3 M2 7-46 B AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

Figure 23 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Uniformly Distributed Load x w R R 2 V Shear 2 V .2113 M1 Moment Mmax Figure 24 7-47 A Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Center x P R R 2 V Shear 2 V 4 Mmax Moment Mmax 7-47 B AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .

Figure 25 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Any Point x R1 P R2 a b V1 Shear V2 Ma M1 Moment M2 Figure 26 x w 7-48 A Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniform Load on One Span R1 R2 R3 V1 V2 7 16 Mmax M1 Moment Shear V3 7-48 B AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

Figure 27 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Center of One Span 2 P 2 R1 R2 R3 V1 V2 Shear V3 Mmax M1 Moment 7-49 A Figure 28 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Any Point b P a R1 R2 R3 V1 V2 Shear V3 Mmax M1 Moment 7-49 B AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .

Figure 29 wl Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load wl R1 l R2 l R3 V2 V3 V1 V2 3l/8 3l/8 M2 M1 Δ max 0.4215 l 7-50 A Figure 30 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed P P R1 a V1 a R2 a a R3 V2 V3 V2 x Mx M2 M1 l l AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .4215 l 0.

Figure 31 w l1 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load w l2 R1 l R2 l R3 1 2 V1 V4 x1 x2 Mx2 M1 V3 V2 Mx1 Figure 32 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Concentrated Load on Each Span Symmetrically Placed P1 P2 R1 l R2 1 l R3 2 a V1 a b b V3 V4 V2 Mm 1 Mm M1 2 AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION .

org www.a . Washington.Forest Paper American Forest & Paper Association Wood American Wood Council Stree treet. DC 20036 202-463-47 Phone: 202-463-4713 202-463-279 791 Fax: 202-463-2791 cinfo@afandpa. 1111 19th Street. NW Suite Suite 800 ashington.awc.aw www.org awcinfo@afandpa.org A F & P A® 11-07 .

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