Vapour Power Cycles

Prof. U.S.P. Shet , Prof. T. Sundararajan and Prof. J.M . Mallikarjuna

5.5 Modified Rankine Cycle:

1

2

p

5 4 6 v
Fig.5.5(a). p-v diagram of modified Rankine cycle

3

2 T 1 4 6 5 3

s
Fig.5.5(b). T-s diagram of modified Rankine cycle

Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Shet . The work lost is small but there is large saving in cylinder volume. the cylinder volume must be increased from v6 to v3.Vapour Power Cycles Prof. T. Cycle 1-2-5-6-4 is called as the “modified Rankine cycle”.M . Prof.h1 ) Indian Institute of Technology Madras . Net work done is represented by the area 12-3-4-1. Heat supplied = h 2 .∫ vdp + ( h 4 . Thermal Efficiency: Considering the unit mass of working fluid. Sundararajan and Prof.h1 ) 5 6 = ( h 2 . Process 6-4 is the exhaust of steam at constant pressure. Observe that the area 3-6-5 is very small and in order to obtain this small work. J. the expansion process is terminated at point 5. Mallikarjuna Process 1-2 represents the admission of high pressure steam into the engine cylinder.h 5 ) + v5 ( p5 .h1 Net workdone = {w 2-5 + w 5-6 + w 4-1 } = ( h 2 . process 2-3 is the reversible adiabatic expansion of steam in the cylinder and process 3-4 is the exhaust of steam into condenser. So that indicator diagram becomes 1-2-5-6-4.P. U.p6 ) + ( h 4 . thus causing the cylinder pressure to drop from P5 to P6.S. Process 5-6 represents the release of steam into the condenser. For this reason.h 5 ) .This makes cylinder very bulky.

J. Shet .S. then h 4 ≈ h1 ηth = (h 2 . Prof. U. T. Mallikarjuna v5 = specific volume of steam at state 5. Sundararajan and Prof.h 5 ) + v5 (p5 .Vapour Power Cycles Prof.h 4 ) Indian Institute of Technology Madras .M .p6 ) (h 2 .h1 ) If pump work is neglected.h 5 ) + v5 (p5 .P.p6 ) + (h 4 . ηth = (h 2 .h1 ) Net workdone = Heat sup plied (h 2 .

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