~ .v-. ' ........ ':' ': .: '., , ...

\'It:Q"OA~, U"r 1, 1826<'

'Tb<1 Sen'.til,iun'i"s: resumed tho ",(msi.d~mtion of H;<)! _~g'1'~.eilhly to the ~p~GI"l.ord~. of the ,hy., thff S;Mte

bill " t~} "mellli the S?yci'il acts ~1J); the:: ¢~t~bJi,~hm~nt <)1 a, then 1','O~,e~dc'J"l to cousider t!i<) till.! to establish a !lnlfoI11~ N<11tOI'i; •. 1 g'gVC'.i.'ilm~l1tiI'\IF1":tid" ,""-ild! th<l i'J"$~I~(Hl he, sy~to"'l1:I "c ll.a'lb·(}t'~c~~. ". :. . ' "

j'"J ~n )f,,'. lW""YAN'_Sm~t;"" to flm,,,,,[ die bill h,"?~' .. ,"!'" J,1 ,\·Hl)i:.",?",":"':'3'd." ~d~'l!l3Sthe,$"W)"t~ ~llthlS "mulling the (lot "..,..h.htigd,l'Q).'¢e;;!i·()"m till: ¢!,.!lSC wJ\l~!l .. _;";~:"ctw'thl,,,~uhm"hffi~en~c''''l'{ll~i) o'·~~nl<ry"n."'.~1(r-:annuls ""ld repeals v;:<ricms acts passed by theG()Y(~I,'n();l'mld c~ll,d!>"c", t,,!, !tI{l~t l!tI(C!~lliil, !~Iln,,·a&"bl¥.-t!) {l,?Jt JUS-· GduHcil.o! !:h~ :r'e;ITtllQl'w- . . tme----fiml ""1X,gty f,w the lat;e !lfa InJ,aS.\!.l'e onwhich '111~

Mr. ;rOHNS'l'QN,of t:Oiii,si~lw,'liliq\lil'ed the (!..t~sof l"""'i''';''t)\-(lLa.)~I'g'" l'Ol"tlollofthec()Jl\"rilunit~'·!1l:.kJ;l"lI:y

the acts respectil)g divorces. '.. I d"'p""ld;. J j~ ~l (~,M ~'!i'" rr") IlI&$Cd,{>ep}y Uil!; d'S!l.Gvcan:

;;r.h .. H(.)L~:.m.s ... 1'."'"1".:11"."01., ... tl ... llt! th."'l.'.' we •... e.' ,i'l d.""'tdl. N. '.D-I t.:\.f;'.~3 <1. '; ''''.1' .c.';t""~.'.''''' ".ml;.t.he d.'fli'C." .. 1t. ies."iJJi.-.Whil}!:>.l.:?.m./ ""'Ilbcr ,()~ De"ember, 18:25. MI, iii. '",O{, ~h" , .. ct." '<Old ."""}'Il,()""'1. Th", !('melltfld."],!,,,,~s, <If the h,o:mcd,·'~~I);I,tq,.·

~"'Ld, it WM lnobaMethe jJ)dh·lclu..'ls were lTl~11 'I'L1(1 had from D£Oluil'lU'e, (i:llr. ".';,); D;tXf.) nne).e!, whose au~pi6~5'

b. (.c,'l.~.).e diSS:di'."fied \\:i.th.tl.l'* "~.v~:;, .. '".Tid .. I.Wd !".m.~",ui .. ' ~(). ~ t!;.\b !JIC;l.S. Ul'~ JI~ . s h,.}.Cjitwkm ;".tl'QdUl"ld., ;i!Jld.Oll .. C~itlis.s~.<;I. l'IOrll'hl ami. gat (It ciw<;il'ec tll"rc, pe~haps wltilo1.l.t t'leu' ! h.t::.Se.imt""",'l.lltl HI,) nlm,ll"'!> .oft!w .g:Cll.t1~'ILn fl"OJll Mas.-

wives k~wwil\git, . MJ', !J. :illild,;ci to. some ()tilff)' acts of! ~~~hu~(;'":' {Mr. M~L.S)i"l\() !i3d l,llXlL11ised \JsJJi-said oil theGov~rn(li"amJ Cm;nClI, and saul he 11:.(1 th.tl l'~tums of I·t'j)'y~",,~m:~, .<l':<lI~:tI.·f".1 omens, . Il'h" fat" pe.irmd·of the tlks(l r.,.eh"i-il"ti,,~, Coullc;IIQI'.~.~., to tile.'l' tm,<eliiug e.'!,,,'l' ~ ~"t"ON, ,,!.~tl, :n,d tlle"om"rv"~ irnporrant .uhjc~t~.nQw ~es:, ... For ~);. d~;l~:)'rIic;e of t-.'!,:'o 0';' tlH:'~c hl~r.d.1;'.c~ rrAIC's" ::i-~m.f;: ~ r:r,;~::rs.mg· o~ our' .~,t~~li;f~i:~.:',:! '4_t"l[-: b~~t :f::oo·w'c~l c=.~~cul~tt€d to had. d'al'gll<1 11m, some twdvc, ~1)[lon" tl!i,.!(}c"h!l;~dt·{,d ~ cx\,:it.;, tlmti.il1)l~.f;m.lm"fr:·'· <m "lid dcl.iHer":.te im'eshgo.tioll, ~'l1iL IMy m,~cs tl.·~.vfl, 'I'll" ~o"el'n_ol:"of. the TCI"!"'\OiY, ! W;l:e!11 l1:m,g~::f~'i!'lg d.H!ie,:.;:i;:~, ~ftCIl Rtl',lb ddii>eratil··e as. . whtl:oll 'hr~y it was to h~l'(~ cet1rll~<1 the dlShl\~c~~ hnd 'dl.-~tITilJl~~~ to s<;I'li; l'dlLg'e ih:ml el:Db a r • .,'.~ml"lll;, I,~' r,o<stlJ011, n.t:ll('{\ tel the (:~"'I;-n\)~te gl''<::<ci:l ofHiei>' etm~',ge3 ofu.a.n:l, illS' U,C 'IVJ,,,!<;>,\!i;>jcct "to' ~, Ill",·" "<ll1\"<fllic.nt.sC"'J5~I\.': that (be peJ'SD:II whose account '.ms he". cm-tHb .. 1 did :1(- SiJ.', 1 ..,,,,,I<$,ly [,\>.~e~...,h g"nll.""ll.~" not to a(krp( sllcli a. tc"tl so "'''lIy d"),s, mH:I thll.t he li.I'<>" at such H. p]:ace., t:.k- "~C,!·.s" Oil the rJ'~~'''II Q"G~GlJ., If i.t is not. dm!' to HI""" iag C'U'" to leave out eve,,'Y fR'" ab,mtth",: <iisi"",cC "ct,.. "',1,]0 ~:'\'~ d.c"o!c,~ d"rs,,::,,! weeks j'·O til" pepal,;,tiO'l.1 of ,:tlly t!'}.v",lled. 1111', U. said he never h,ul ~"~m such f"uUld tJm hill, jt is &<1, . ..,ly due to the ibe);ags aud wishes of a. omnmitt"don ll.ny. C~o'·~l'mnelll ", FkUJd not know t:h~:t the !<1:fg;i;;"mlllwstl'c~p~cmb1<) IH'i'li~110f ~e comnUlIliw that Governor was to biame; when he wus before !Jle Sell81t" )(..jlho\J.!ct uow [IJQ acted .on, ;eud, !f JlQ.sS:,bl~,.fhwny dispos-. he II"llS considered ns a rCEIIl:"c.tahle man; .IHlthe \y~lg"ht to' ~ "r,., 'f1l.o\)_:;;I.lJds .,fOlll fellow-dtiw,:.', in otir COnJ.P.l.(!F. It",,, ~"rWied to "u tbe fi,ots. M.I', H. mid. if rhese laws I em! ;"ue~, lpvc tll~r~)\," now turned to ti:<'>-sp!Jt, and 1II',e were root rcp~,lle~l, tl~cy wa\l_ld,~s soon ,I. GOltgt<]:,5 ad" ! ""~'I'IJl!r' ~\'~Ih :m",.<)l,B hopes ami f~,u,'.", .Otl" dcelsion On journcd, bC,COille h\I~..",~n<1 go into <)!lc:r~:iion. ! tl·,b. (~\\",~t'(m. Nmn<3fOl18 <;;r.edltor.o, con(l,,!["'cd eo wi:t-

Mr, RO WAN. said, these setswere laws aheady, by the ! !,~ilS. t~le fl"4LJdtdcnt conduct of tho;r dclltm . ." witliout 1:0"," d"U\i"'roh~e T~~rlw"Y ;. tlley were laws-the moment the : m~" ;l!\.'Y'pOWQ!:'ll[1<kl'. <;"xisti"K J .. ",;~.,. 1.0 check theirpro(}Q'I'ernQ.r s'gn~tl tlicm,nmJ they ~l\ly ceased to be 1;,11' 'I' l;\"l'ess iii the ·O:O~Ld to .I'tun" :H'u now collIng IlP(HI usto (,Illml when tb~'Y"',e,e revoked. by CIJLlg'['eSS; ~,~d, 11.1: ~rg1J.~(l" lilem ~n e'ffic!t¢lit j";li1ccly fOI' the recovery ofth"i(ju,s'!de. tb"i, by ,""pealing these hw~ g-;L ... "t;·Tlg dhol"ces,' apI·iod •. m~~\d" \ wh)Ie,. OL\ the other !mnd, "II immense IIlLwh,cr 1)1" l'!c·wIluld. b~.~i.:lhli~h"d ilia,! migJjt' o.{f;'ct ,"~I' the Smt~s. li.!lf~J:"!lllll"(,<! f>te", overtaken by """,·"klabI6, (;~b.mhk'" The mornent thua the mmi'''W" C(l~to'!l(',t wn s dec!,C\\Cd lobe ,md?ompdled to) wcm' out d,~;~ livesin the ,,;o"'.rtof~1l \~'ilfiin th"~ clause ~f the :C<lnsti:tutio'! willeh !i:l1:hiu-s any , ;;cp"tud..,:>--:,hc~".,!'.itud~ of d,;,bt~~r,e }oifk;"S'llPtou;',. 8S"t~ P~S~I!I;g: laws I'llp~!t"mg tll", ()bh[, ra t;~"' (II eunuacts, "nth. ",chmg' ey~s ~!l{1 tilrobhmS' hearts, .for some roHd' tll<l r;r~Ht d.;,ptlu; 01' publle r~p=wolIl(1 he brokenup, . 5,om their unmeJ~tcd or lm(!'nlilillg sutn!riug's .. "l will in • • lldtl\~jud1idui jlo'';C\!\1''mli.!I.lw increased to) an extent al-] JlIlg:e (lie hop",th"l.·d·(}I~', th~t an hon~s;d:f\l'Ii win !1&W mo~t jnc6!l~",i"~(}I", . '. .. . fie ma,Ic ~.o.<fl;sp'lS~ 01' thi~ hilI; ami. ~ho"ll.l :w,!r:"rm!;:;.

lh'. 11ERRUl:',·('i1 saM,. he tb(mgl1t tihex", Wi'" !l0 g'!<Hmd mC11h p~C!l'CHt the.m<:bes b, om' p;,ogr'e:;s,'] pl"d,ge-]")Iftclf f(l', the :ll'p,·d·'~u~i911S of" th.~ g'{\.l!!lmmm froni Kcntucky, [ 1'0 ~\)il5ent to l!ay it OlJ the" I~.:J!C, tiw f!lOU!M,t ·itis J\~cet'-. that the 1i!1·"mlril","t:oftlms(l hlWUl byUIC COllgN'6~ (If ,hl: t:li.acd ti!",tlh""iU~$liollca~Jlotbe dc"idcddllrir'gthepl'C-,

!,!i!lite(l· Mnt~'~ could hll.··coo"tl'llCd. into the tllIoptirHl .of:!. $'.)!\t S1:<>siOn. . ..... . . .' ...• .'

prj.Heiple !.lmtumt da11S." w;li~h i'ltllbit.5 allY S",tc from l Sill!llli.OW proced, Mr, p'~",uaeJ"Lit, .""~ bliefly lI;"l·mlJlj~. pru;~i.ng ~.~WH imprul':ng: the. "~lJj~tiOll of ~oL,tnll'ts, ""(lui<1 to ~i<tte tiJo::. evils fen' whicb.. "icC 'prop",c to p!"O\'ide a.rem<'obe t:.'(l.eai(l~<l t<l'""$C's <If (liVOI"L""." Tbis""bject hatl heell I (Iy. ;u,d to gi"c a pbill ~ml p!m~tic:il "spo-si.t"i.o", lif tile l00n~idcl'c(l by~b.(~ ."",p.r~m,,·.C("".t> .and· tr,".t t.·i.bun~I.I'illi '11)J'i"dl)l"~ embodied )!; tll'.5. bill. The' mOst qU~5tion r~"j'ln:.l~~.d an "pillion. tlmt c~8es ·",1' dh'oJ>Co . (i.id . '1.01: f~.ll. ~\' hicb p.I'Cs<ints itsc1;f,[gx w;lsld.el'l).tion is, tfte; ':fAu/iity' oj a. ".I'u.tliir. til G .. · l"Cnl1~ nfth~tlnl~i~)itil1,gda. U'<l of .the' Cmi&.".·tt1~ I JJm!l.d"i:tj}t IfD.v, J,~ is n,kcd.. ~'w.h~ther t.he Jaws nt' the tiou \'lrt~" \Jaited. SillteSo·Ml'.B.:thcn pl'oceeuaGl to m'-J$mtes 1)11 .tl!i~ suhject l\f@ n()t ideq\tate.~olllC>Objcct 1" 15110 Ih"t!!lc:>L.eg·i~bti'·(l t:ollllcil·hari"lOillu·'r.olc·!>utl.)oril.y I !.:H\:lWllt, (10eid"d.\.T ~Il(l..m)c.'ltlhoo?lfy> tlt~l: t:hCfcie:l"Is~s . to'p"'% ~ncl1 ,,1,,1'1, UIld~.,,' ti)e:K~ar(1,.Gfp('l\\;eT:;; ghCH by tlie i th" m .. .\d<-iPIco.;llg·ncse:!~ifyT1ll'"l:m".c.I"llli'bir~g"·unifotll:l act,"inblis!linl\' tHl" T<:r.it.ol";'ll U""""ntll<mt. ' , '.' . J~,IV' :011. ti",~,,~bj,,!).'t Q!'Iml!::wptcy tiH'O'"ifh0 dHleDnileid

. Aih,," so"')" r,"l"tb<".db~~Ls."i.Dn, hotw.c';Ji ~l<.ss!'S, .IlERlti- i SwtG·s;" (\U(]..gH'~ U1C .h~.:~')iTIh~ r;m~co On tJ\hrsllhj~,c:t:oic ··li:N :,,\\1, now AN, tho q"lJ",sl'on m~ Mp~RiOWAN'51):iDtioll j:nclli~i(:nt" tmJul,t;ll.!ld·~·u!tl())J1;. !!I th.cil' QI}Cf,UtiOIl. laHhe wi\5 :letidl,tI I.li the 11<;:g."t!,·~,by jle,,~ ,T,nd.IJ.ays;.i\s·f(im"V~i .<cmru·k~ l·:;WI.::ibolitt!j !'nal;:,,,, GIl this bnmcn·oftile s.tlbj';ct, .. ,ygA S -1l1~"''''' .BO\llign y, Hf1.rr'h;on; }Iflmh:ic]:s,. J l).hi1· .1. wi~ht(J. 'H)",I,lj"IlJ.lctJy . illl.{L"}'&t"bd "~. oOllfin,i~giiJyobset~ ~NI\ Ky, Jo:lir,'St(m, Lo~, K"112,K~ng, .t~obIc;Re0d;.lt()\v: ""~L:!QOU(l~h,,c:ifict of. ~lIe StaJt~ ifiSl.lh·"'llt.law"," o]oi.p#..l1o!N

Zl.H,:S;iuj'(;f,01,.' Smith, TI"'m""~ 'Wh,!~='14" .' ' ., ».:. ;W!ltl)}'/U;iLtl:i tf«al)+. It.1O 'fl'OIR tile. <>p cratioIfOf ilieiitt'lli'iiV/i, . _. (

:'<.i~ .,/~~~~.~

.'.r.

648

641'

.~~. ~h.e· commerce'or th.".e.'. 'COti~~y.' .. t.h_~t tilO$e ~vibl . ffOW'j cal.lit. if,he c:'"nut' PrtJVi.<k.' ,f?r:'I;illfls"lf;' h. ll'tJUlIl'ilibly t@Q which demand al>-pcedy 1IIK1 efiectll1l1 remedy.: '. '. " ., • MrlJ.o/-h# .j,',enJ" '; 'OllloJo· W lute. by the .transfl.l:r gf Prol'eJ"

Thue now exists, Mr. Pre~idcJlt,~in .the several States .. iy to th~on, ~'-r"y1i__them tW~l1t~·, .. i!l~Y:, !IOmetime~ .. thjrty. of U\\~ Unioll, Up .... 'W'd;5; oi'(;;lJI?1i'ly'd"I<i'illct ~J8!tml.li)f- shmwgs.in.tr.e pound, the'l'e~-t of!JjsCJediooro~re(;lltofr b!mllr~lpf~y. (>T insolllenoy__, j!,i4cl) (!ijJ"riing' {rom all the rest ~ withOlita lartiling; Wh~fi ;i.S$ignlll(}nt$'I'I"e-excc;lJtoo, thein al~llost e\f~ry piolli3i6ni n it(:tlded to g1,;e.I>eCUi:-.ity to.tbe "ssignees seteetedsre th es e ·VIf.'Jj't;IJ;<)~edrndjtQfll, (III], cre!htor, Of ~dief to the dehwl~di;fr;,ril!g in'''''''I"J<' tbipg les!i, indee~ d~m, just· ,of t\ge~ .or.oUt€t. persens un!l"t ~ruch tJ:uJc~~:Btlle 1'1g-11u and remediesof the aile, or me. the 1l"'l:'5Onalm.fi""<mc~ ~rul.rofltrol of the d<:i.!wr, are preduties aJ!l(i liabillti~ of the other. ferred,) "",d Itis ""'ery C-OlXllliWll I>CCl)I,!',el'o;:c fQr such P"i'-

Bytho;J":W,Bof.",ne of the Sutes, de'bt~rse,armotb" '''' .. 'o,,~ td '.::o~menee. ~eir.'opm.tiO!!$ byjl.plX'i~tiog lb·;; rI'.rtea, etth~ 0Jil 1nMJl;(l o:r,J'ina1 process .. !l,y others, pOlr.' bunk:I'Ilpt lu:mselt:tMI'I"il'genl. to. ,co!!dy¢'t the bu;;me~ (lUG.

sonal property rnay be held ill defiance of ertdito;rs; wi:mlup liiSO:;PI>C~n8,· '.'. .' . ".',

while; by others, real estate cannot be wucne.di. 1m, some :ll'h.e;~ditot; L'I . the .m~,n time';, nnding tl!:at the la.w ins~"ln~'e~,.~xecutio~ls.Ul'e !>lIs_rell;led; ill otllel'S",th7 courts 'P'ttmit!l.p~de!'cliree~. itl1d ~tit allows5heqeh:tor~o nw.k{, ,of~u5tlce :l"~ dosed, 01', wilieb J~ the S3III:re (lilting,' dela;ye'; I.·u~t'.\le-~d". aud to choosehts GW)).j""'gn<lCs.lli.Wlthollt.O arc Ilanc-tio"e<l, \,hieh ~ml>lmt to " denial of jumj:ce. In I felif,.edy, !,:,'en.ifh" 5U9]J~~I~ ool1,<5'i.m,.·IHd"L' no redress some States, :I few .eeeditors, in the i,mmedi.,.te ''''';G'],bQI;'- but by"cQ.m)1iCllcinga suit 1Il.CJlaneery-(a proceeding ill hood, 3l'e suffered, hy,etlac!wvJnf, or <HJledep pl'OCe@d. this country, as in England,. more eMily begun than eudi[lg'll, (often 'the rre~m~t of col!O!$iOil with 'the d~litor.) to;Se-' E;d, and ill which the oatil Q£·ilie d,ef<ln&;'lt.i,~ received, oeure to themselvestbewaole o::;tawof':m insol"el;l~ debtor, The creili;,tQl', therefore, tli!lllgt, eQil~ci9>1~ ..,fb<,;illg' "heM" . 10 several Sta~es, persons arrested f()I:'dell~ :<rOO pe"'I1i~t"d ed, liuqrnib quir:tly to hi,s f.\w" ~ndl.eal'"s,toth", debtor ~lld to·H ~wear out," (as it i~ calLed) ~ftct 0. notice of a fhv his friends the uru.listurbo:d <:!i.·ision of the spoil.

d~ys 1 ''''hlIe, ill other ,SUi.re~, tb"y ,,~,( r:''l,lt\r.ee] ~o lle in In .the absence of sud\ relief as ~ )j~l1kru.pt Iawo~gllt jgll fol' three. or four l.ll.Olltk~, In 50m,;; ;il:t;-..::mCes, the re- to"irl!'I)'1'<l .to debtors, they aomeumes practise a, .eunous lief ~xtellq.&Il, ~s cOlliined to the dispharge of the debtor stratllgcm tQ !l;f;wt ii. <l;scliJlfg'e by uie ('.(JI'IB(m1 of. (heir ii;:>.m ~ne§t ill the piU'ti~lh\I' . .suit ; i'rn others, frOlJl a-r:cst in creditors, TM :tiling is th.II$Il~lIlaged" a deed or ~llSj.gu:all Sluts I and,. U'l wme few C'J.,;e~, the attellipt hilS been lIlI·C'IIt,~. e;;:<;c'I\J(.>d fur the be;,c!.t of tljQ8e wh<1 ~halt corn .. nlR<i" til .. elease %m ih.>n'L all fL.'lJure liability 011 a:.:.fi.n<r ill, by" eertuln dlly, all-II relesse til., ,leMI'>I'.; t,br. er<,dltm-, cu/llr«d$, 'fh~¢ various sy.tc'l'>s, fill e,'lun,I:,nul incoflaiste.;t without ""}' infol'IDllti<) n, n,n.d often c1eceiv'ecl by f~l~e,llglJto. ~l;Iwl' '[".lSI; be .a.:I~litted to be, are rend<:retistill more 'ob- has now to steer lii$-¢ollr5e .in toe dar,);,. between SeyUa :j<')cti{l,i),;Il:t!;;; by (;eill,g perpetnally .,llm::l1Ulil1lg, Iewas the "ad .·Gbarybdi~.; l'L~ bas to choose between file dum:C£ of ~P;~'Ul'J1 of one of the. ablest, .Jl!d~""s t:hltt ever- sat on the gcttilllS". some .. I~tifJg;, 11,,' kn?~'~ not wJJ~t, lln.de,l' the :<J;li~Jgl~' }1;nghsh bench, or' any other bench, that It. was bette;r for ment, lind eMMpl'Iof o!Jqmung IllUl,{,by holq;ng UOl tQ i1_1$ tltJe community" th:tt a rule should: becertain than tb~tjt demand. '.rh~ tlIDtg;s so couduceed, I'lo",,,,-,,,,~as to ;a"himlJ! he jllilt I" far the ObV!'OUll !'e.'"OI·~, th"twe ~!<h shape d',ce 1~~1tI tQ I1Ike the wrong co.lJl:s"',, and Ill! loses e~'~ry QUI' m)'Il.!lu,cto,u'''-f conl1':tcts '"' mt·"~ .. mce to any k'iown and 1\l1.m:g-" ,I ItPl"e;).L to gernitlemCIl tl'~:011'l the cOIl.1!1J,;r'cJ;ai cities ~enled rule. so as to avoid its;njLlliol]s ell'ects ; IlIlt, ",b,el' . wh"'Ul~r thesear" JlQt. matters of everyday's occurrence, til.; rule is lI!.nC~I'tai!l, we 'cluiOlot avoid iall.iNI' under- its I Let \i!\e not be mislll'lde!'Stood. 1 entertam the II~Ost un{)rC!t1U.,m... .. . " " '. '1 (lUfLlll1cdJ'~s-pectf()r t~e ,:o"'J~"err:cjul charactcrof'this \OO'IW:

'We 1\1:e told that It was felt 3$ a gTle,·a.n.oe .• , by the IlQ, . 1J';r~tll~ !1!1;,'l1e:>'1 ~td.l. rlU"l-u_Q11 tor th~ "'""'':i'n~ e , t .. ,'cut, <"nd Ulan People, thn,t the tyrant should write hi£ 1:1;,,," "ill" Iibenlity; ()f 001" oom'~~ci'!-l men, 1 heheve .,u;o .• bl,,_J"i'll ,smal! chO<l.,.",~er;, and b<l11g' them up 0". bij;b pill" r "," ,00 I of hQno!' "ridllpnesty to b,e:",OI'e ,eJe,'aee~ ,~!I1lI'l Ui:\t ~)1, Mi' :thn:tlt 11".1.5 d,fficult to rea(h"",!,; but tli;(\t:b:I"":'lu;e.w",Jid ! other c~1,intl'~ on the faee 01 the _gloQe, . I be Pl'OOi' ot It i:! .ha:"ebecil rCI;ldel'cd&till. m()re. J.l)l1!l~r.tillc II·the mscnpuons I to 1:). e~. ound UI the IlXlstCllee ();fo;x"llit .1Lt :l,ii, Wider uys. h;.td been varied witil'lh.c l'isillg' ,mel, setting' of the S'lln.;' tell] IV hichQould nut be endw;'ed in ~,I1~ oU>'<1' coumpy IhI:

,Notayeeu'" hardly" ~lolltil, pa~sesby, \vhich.does Dati a, single day .. ,.ijut, nev,ertllld"ss,,,sil',. ,,'e, too. ha~'" OtU' Wltlles!i nm",erous, and, III l.ilallY m~l,mces, r:\~hcll,1 ell:!>,,- tl;iu<lultmt trudcl'&--fO:!'e'B'0<ol'i'lan<:l nnt,,·es-anct thc~rnum. t;'f,lS, ill ~!:" i"s()~>'e"t sy:'!ten. '8 or th" ~eyoenl St"te-~, ]t j,s ~el' hn~ gr",,:J)'. in()fflru;ed, is d"ily incr<::lS'''. 1.1', 1I]\ci, will."~\I' f'JUm\ 1iltcrl!y Ill'P'·I'''tl,,~b.!e to COlltCliI'ffi to tb~m, or tQ tnme-lill, Sl.t; I hopc not-bu.t sUlI'ely o\l!;:h~ to, ,,'" dl):111r ..

guat'" :<g:U.)st !.bern. 11. d"nes th'" wisdom of the Bclr~b, .ished, .

or tile leamoag ,of the l!3.r, to pveC<;:I'Willly 0, ,c~ni$teIl9y It Illll)' be tu;kcd. wby the .. o: evils 3.i.-e not rc;mcd~ed by to a S)'ste:tll of in ,,'s upon wh~~!I' b~e"W··f<,'l ... t (li:Jl';)',,!\l Le·, the States tl1emse.!y,~s! 11 wOllid ill; ~ultaCI'(lllt hJlr our ~i~l,ltlU'es :u-e eomtr.lltJy ru:ting',lmd a.f,~~t dally TImo,";U:' pm'pose to show th~t U~ey ,n:i8l-t!'?t tf;ey IJA"-':,"liotyet ):l!g-a "ystem wh!,," ch,mg'''' ""til ,\ l'lI-!lRhty th!lt dec('lves bee.!!, and art; IloHikely to. 1>" l'<llll1ed.~a-." Qrder to m~l:e ;J"",m~l1tahis,o", ";Ild le,,~'~.' 'll..~ in the goQ,,~cst ig!l~'I·"nl,)C. out '" i~,ipoIiiu, few th~ ,,,t"~po:>itl.;m,of 0\,,: 'c(l1lstiruti?"ll

For <:"''""7 es,s..nl.ml pl'lOcm:~I, pll"'P()~oC •. t:'-~ mQ.·! ""}lo;.-i. ~,uth.o.l·'t)' """ the subJect. l:lut ( WIll go t\ll!!~el· •. a.nd.ate;m'l'.d l1l"l'cilant in this COllntry c:m "eWI" be ~cq\~aiilted tempt to shO:II' t!lo'lt these c"ils IIJ.'~ \.n~"pa!~blc f!'OJn lea •• with t~le forc~ a_nd e~i:-ct of fl~c. h:\'~ '!!·~lj.;~ l'eg-ulate tile lug the "_~b~"'Glt entirely t<) StOlte Legisi!ltioll, . The 81:ltes c-ollectlf;m of d<;Il~-b'1/$ "'!llch Ii:> 1.)," right$ ",,(I pre- <:lllUIO~>'t IS Ob".IOUS,ES'.rAlu.n;n U"Il!OltllllT¥. M each lIe,robe his, reID<:\.Ii~~,· in ~ehtioi\ to "Ill)is ()!>1\tJ'::wt~ ill other .s.tll.le must jli'C'JS<:l']l::;e its "WI) .ul~, (t )" natural 'It.a! the? Statel!i, :tIe erl~]'~ ;uto .\leh COlittuCrs., ~b<!.l"e!o~<t, ;<$.iL I'MI1 shcmld hc· .uuj"UJ! ""t t.o permit i"or<!;""1l; o;;-cdiw)". to pOll. w(},ddc!lIPS"<} in ~ 1;""1;1<: ofhfililll-d, who, hll~iug ve!ltured , .. ,g,; Itlly tigllL~ wJuch tllel}' Q\,n ·citiztin~ <10 not poSse.ss ill }ll~ sw~, ,\'lU$t i\b"hc. by the ~.:>"t ofth" die.' (,the!· OOlUlltl',e,s. It is quite Ilatul'l!l tbt Sou.th Oru'oHna

lhlt t~eNl i. ~Il(),lher ,,"il ~l'iS""lg IIndel' tile I""",» of the 5honld not p-e'rmit IL cEtizen of 11.tsslI,,;r1iu>clts to h~"e !lilly Stil~()Ii on t~is s:ubjecltCO~)~JHU'C't with whlcil tllose: 1 hll'i,e rem~dies"gaunst his C:uol;n:illnd~to>r, wh~ch Il.CillfOlllllan l'louc.:odsh~.nk 111~ u.~;[n:ihc:auce. I "JluJe-totbe :O::<i',ft>s:r ;()j'c~hw!' wouW !lot have lIw.unst Il;~ delitor III Boston; ,,,,,,,I, t,n"n'l!.f.'-'~¥~ \~tI";b ,l<:b~ors oo;e pe<rn;llttrld to S;lvc; tiJ.,e 011 til" s<>mcpriuc.-pk, .co·roo would b" 't:<kel~. to ""te.nd "eI'Jght,hey ilQ"S~S~ "rider !h~ I",,,,., (1 belicl"~ of' "very Uci to !lUir O'WUI ddll.ol'S, at t~<Ill-t "" f~.)IS it.ls e"t~lided to' ~tat., If\thiI> Unlon) Gi' illfl.1:1I"l';'pai'iilliassignil'leJl.I..-, provitl- deMol'S <l!se\Vh.~N:..Pt"I'er1moe$ ~ro pCl'ruitlJlld in New Il!g'fo~ on.e, f;,I~?s of ofeditol's jn ,PJI'{liiJ.!ence t?'. ~th",s,a!ld Y.ork, 'tl,adol'e \Yo! Inust .-.dIDit th~n1 in Cbarles.toll, fol', sele·cttul{ mdi.'uhtaJs .os tile spcmaJ Oll.l"Cts -or tr,,·CII', W ~llC if nOl. OUl' mercll~J.llts would w.rlmfes!ly stanclon a most lQ\'.Jl. e:!<cl\lSJ,on of 811 oth.er 'c:I'ec\;tors. NO'IV, 'wllen a.deiJt- d'LSad'l":mtllQ'eQU5 !'oatil'S', WMn,. New torI> merd'~.nt 1!r !j;m'~ ~]ipliiel! " ~illlS dO\vn," ll.'S til", merCIlIl.l,lt~ waul,\ Ibci!a. be liQuid. Ill}::.:t to !~ f'.fey(101 1"J1;iI)l'SllrS, Il;n:tut1d1);

649

OF,.'J)F;:B{\.'fES .IN· CONGRESS.

GpO

Bankrupt Bill:

[SEN.l\,TE.

}h:x 1" 1826, J

(';;;' -- ..' ... . ......

prefer ILls .¥f.u; rork ,ruli(w3; il)id.th~e~ore. the Cb~les. l·n.e New Ol"!eans 1)1e~ch~llt, thcre£Ote,fu:rling tltQ.t hr' ~m merdmnt fTlU1'It act. Oil the'§;t,me,p1111CJple. An l;loJ]<;>r· CMI have n:h.ef only m the Srate 1'<;>>,111: ;9, of course, !!b~e eflill't has lllllely been mild" ~}~ some, oftbelm.dmg t:;ilnpted, to gmml. ~g><~!lsthi$ beillg ~!il1'i:oo\ntothe United merchants II) Ne'v Yo~k to put <lown, by a vo:lu:ntazy (lltte,:. Stat,es COU1'ls, where he (QI!Id! obt!l.!n no 'rele~, )'hW be "lJ'tmt, tJ:lis m"llstf'Q<lS ay~t<)m of preJen'1I1:Ii' •. -But, .~Ir, It does by secetlrillg' the fO''eign cr~ditors alld i.beIlliaik of .1Ienw can .suceeed, It is Ol)e of the vices inherent m,the the United! St:1ltes, Il<t th~ very threshold;, and then, _when s,),sIelU" that can ne\t~-b e ,e.railir..atcd but,l>), a urrifiYI:ln . be fa~.ll, the domestl,t,. creditors . alone suffer, 'Th~ pre~~' Mllkr~pi h11/,', , ' . .• I sure m England". al:l.S1.l1€ fi'Qtlllibe. cotton ~pecul"~~O'Il; <)f

It is l1lanilcst, ~:l:'r. I'l'esiCienf, tl),at the Stares.m now re- )listleM, re,.ac·tcd powerfully On New York, ChMkston, dUlCet! to the Ileec~.,ty ofeut.ering illto a co~p"'tition,,::ith fin.d ::lew O,l~~~the g:r~"'t c<'>t",,?n m~:'kct!i of ,the ()'nit~ ~lI!otl other ill restrictillgthe rig-blli or ~<"<ld,t~ 3.l).d rrn- Sbtes ,andl hsve re'Ctllt]r.r~ce''I'ed mfol'!!l~r;H) that, In p.~irjflp the li,,:oil;itJ<:s of debtors , :Ina this, too, 'IiI 'I ,!,ntt.!I' ~~nse'luen.ce of tih,e $llIt(lot. tll~;;~ I ll~ve ~..?t.c~)e fu;< ru wInch" It. it I. lmpQ,_"~iblc tomark tli~ ~xact 1111~e Q,f reign credItors ~d.the Bank of tile U?lte~ :states w,lt get "lJuality, there mustbe great ilange'r of their adv:l.Mmg, tile wh ole estatesnr thQ~e Wbollare fooled 11) New Orleans, :Ii,,!, by s'tep, !lntil f"C~.f thing ill, u"sett1ed, , ,l ~1;:' llel'. ?Ile of, tbe Jm!hres QfUl<1 S<!pl'<!me Court or 'tim! Bmw, ",md,ed tlm~ I>Olhil!g. but the cm)~iit\ltJon:u pfol).lbmoll_ 'On IIJ alh.lSlon to till;:" SU!lJ~",t, WM,"9, .,' the.wlllillC'~ between th.!: Sbtes, llS"'inst" ~;plliriI1Ethe o'l>li.lFtio~ of COl'ltl ... "~·,, the judicial powers of t~te Unitetl S'L~tes. and ,tp.e indivialiQ 'II!" ~J,el"J, r I;H!,ht a hnost •• y th:" universal, behef, dual State courts, I n ~"ti()n to -Bankruptcy, demands the tb",t they nave no rig!>t to P""~ an efficient ("il:I).Iu'npt law, prornpt I n1(!lfen,nce o! COln:grtji3 to 'pass a. gen'f'.riJ; bani ...

kwe hithertc prevented such af) interference. between rUJit lmo;" , - .. . . . .

rlcbto.r ,,,id creditor ~'s w{mld have givci!n a. f"t:J] bmw to Under til\l exi.thig- I;,ws on this subject, 'thil, l1aws, O:OffiillCJ'ci,tlc:edit "",1 ent.;l'ptize. (will put u C:l~e, 8i~, g'e'ler..u!ly. a~,d, ospecially I:ile );'h."k or ti,e Ul1lt:d StAtes. and make ltu:> matter 'pl\tlH: SunpQ$.1) ""1)' St-~te III tim 1111."", most decided ad"Hnt,'g_e. over ,O'th,,~ c:red"tOI'S-!-a:d, Ulli(lIJ, SO\ltll Cgrolilla, '1'<"1: <l)Cnr.I'ljlle" c!.Orn'i"""o:I, oft1l.e po- ,'allbs"Csof,,'hich I t~liOl!:;.the" 'i.)'\11lcbt to bedive~!ed, 50- li~y of ""cl'e(~~'y:~"es"ni",g ~he rightsa~'ll;amecli;esof ore- ~Ilt l~t as to secllr,e to ,,11 creditors, whether pri,·atc il.I._ 'l:'tOl'i<! a nd of vlgc1<Hy ~rif{l;'cm,g the ,<?t>hg;ttIOllS of debtors, dl~'.,duul:s or corjlO11!.UQIl5. an eqtl1l1 portUln. of tlle esta.ms slwnl(iad!)ptthe I'rO.l.~LUllS 01- thi$ biil_wbutt wouldbe the Of 11I90Ivent:s.I, am Uti enemy to bllnks-I believe tllai bank~{f~ct 1 Why; sir, while creditors from (t~I',(}Ild w{]uld ill!)! on sound p.!Jic,i,phs, i" e..nineniJy serviceable to evehave the means {If a.rl\~stjnl> the career of such of tlh,cjl' lJ' cornmcrciel <;I>ullb,;-bl.).t specie p_~rments must be seC"'I'OJitlll debtors as might be in failing circumseences, and cured, ~"d o't"(W i.stles pi·~\·e'\tcd. Ther sheuld be 001). would have (l prompt remedy for the ),eGo""r.l' of the,~ Ihwl to their legitil"Mte uses, the enlargement offae COin. dehls, :mJ be C:lltij]~l.l<l;U' eqt!'" <li~u:,blJtklll of the es, ! m'CJ'¢.iill<:;lpital Qfth(!co~1f1'tl'Y, so as to enabletbe merchant, tat" and cfl"c~. elf the insolvent, tile Carolina creditOl' hy ",otic'1J1~ting hls resources, to go into the mitik;et and ":OIald; h!li1'e uone of thcse a<l":lIlt~ge> hJ.the other Stll~cS, 1.o,~Y tb_crr,ofluco of fu" f,n'me)', witholl~ w:util:lg' fur slow II a {;Il.1l"lestoll debtor. them"lwi claims o1;rtJ'1(1. beong' returns of 1115 adventnres. . lau'l;."s credit, III ", g'l"eat mea reompelled to m~ke (JJ"Ompt,paym~ll!, wh~te h~ W:IS l111ll!~le sr~! 110W- 1\lr.e~d.~ 0"ltl]C btulh! it is obvious, that the 1.0 mike c,o,lkc:nolJ!<, lns ~'~1111 would be ITIcntll.lIle, Not pnnleg-e 01 g"vl>1:g pnje'tnrJ!s w;ll nlways be used to se"Ole of til" St.,k'l, therefore, <:"e)' will ru10rt dl"cient laws cure them; (0'1", what i!T!'lOQilts. tQ the same dli11ii, to secure 001 tit;. ""bjed, uRltil o~he!' St'lillS ,ll:tll C,Qu:Sent to do the the endorsers on notes di.$C{ll\iltcd in the ibanks,) ill presame, A sJ'~tcm may he 1\-1;", aro!l.)'J;St;, 11!!I·wad.hlg: all fercuce to ill other creditors. And thus the hanks '1Il'(l tlve St!ltcs:, which would operate mo t.illj'lliously in:' pal'. mli;[Ue the !m,'trume!lt$ of gi."i~ a fictitious credit to iI1501.. fl".&lu'Stal'e. Let us take another riel\! of the subject' ~'eI\t ~mel1, (l,O\(l thereby cMIJling' them to ruin those ',,,ho, b ti,rMt Britain there ls ... I,.~nkl',~pt l;>w; under II'hic!l:I c1ct:O).tvcd! I:;>y f..J$(l "'PP<).l\.1'(I!Il<X!s, fend ffi(Hlier. <l1: ,d[ gOOdE, J:'rl;J$h mCl'Cllanr, is di~c:h"rl,'-e(l Irom"lll1i!l d"ht... The to .,ucft ""1'1,. 1'11 .. pi-.evel)ti'lg p,·"r"'"encp would (tesll'oy Am~l·jC'!JI rnc"d1MU,jj.S 110' SlIGh j)r.",leiie. [1:1 tbe IlHI.tlllll this !i<;titio\!$ C!'ed.il., ~nd ol'i')g back the Irooe- of t!he d""liags, thel'<tfore" bctW'cel;l tI'e i:l1~r.~h.'\nt$ of tbe two «(Jlillt,'Y tl) '" $o,ml1 (j,11d ~Yh()l'>()llle st.1te. Nothing is. G{l!mtdcs, "'Ill!e the .\mcrj.c.alllllcrchnrrt 11M his claims on il''''il~ed t)l!t:l wis", !Lild unifhrtl1 baflltl"uj>t law.

hi:; EIlll:~i~il tlcboo~"S ~a.llcdl,ed, by I)IH~I"I.tioll (Of hw, he: -nl.e.r'c appe:.,'s tf' me, Sir, ,"~ i;," two defects, ill aU mil' ,I; '!lise!!' l'CL'l:):Llns 1 iab 1 e for ,:-vcr, ,.~ '0 pt~t Ol!ll', (),Vl1 merchan,ls, i State i IIsol V>1:l\ l g)'sterns, ;"],1(,11 Ll)(!~t, fOrc,-ct .<,,),Ier th(,m '''Cl"CtOL'~! OJ! "footl))g at eql~bly, 11) thIS l\e~p"CL, wllh i WOl'S<l t1~"rl lLtlJ;'31Q1'Y. roe 6""t is, that Ibey At'1< !l'ot :ho:li:" Qf othel'CfjILIItd<.::l, it i~ ",bOO/OJ,tell' ,jl-.ee:s,,,,,,y ~u !la,'" I g;r:.~.te<l,.!lt th~ ,illll!~n,*of, :he .... .rer;!itor,. h"t: on1;r: ol\'th!C ". i;>tl1IKrup': hw. To put the <:;tJ2,~n£ of the tldfe:l'ent I "I'phc:a.tl!m of 1111~ dehtor. 1 he $CcQn(~, that the Jilelref does SI",tes oro the s:"n" faoti!'!!;, .,no to !lillie tll.,tlll. equal. tlth'!lln. i i1ot~ nl1d cannot ~"t(lml. \llld<:t die CO!lst,Ltu:tion, t" tb'e en. tagcs in tileil' eomml:.rc,i.al dcalingti, you mwtt, esta,bJi.s!"i :!.' til,,, d.tsclmr-g--e or the p~'-I!!(;lll:<r tl,,-,I'il, nmch less of all ce<:. !l'LIIk:nlpt syst.em, equal and j',,"st iii i(~ p!"o''';SiODSj, and <lui. Isting- demands.. 'l'h~ cr<:dit'Ql' is titus .left ent'l!Ieiy'at the f011" )ll Its olleratilm, - . mel'l'yof tile deMoI,', uQtil th","l1ok estate is di:;sipate<l.

I must herr. Ilotlcc a most ,cllriou~ ~ta,tte Qfthillgs, which 1I1ld tilen, tile dCbt.')K Nlm\ii1s for~"el' ".fl.er at t!I:H' .rllerCjO;,' ]>'I;! 1;-.1." Iy b'l"'W'I~ 1l1)"at N <oW, O,rklln.ll, f\\rni.hj!\,~ It for·db 1<: of tll(t<:'('~I1it-Jr_ '1'1111<, all mr,tual ,rtmjl denc!: is destto}'e.d, ilhmtl",tiQI1 'of til" ll'l!lth (If my. r~!];h~I'b, M,] MJ"ol',ling ~o The, .. Ile is tempted 00 pmctise fir.lu.j :md 6ou.ce"lment, my lUio,daDl()l",1 dem{Jnstr~tiQn of the '~II¢ffi.C;lCy of iii] and th'eotllcJr cmel tlpf)l'essio'l. Thel'c Il~tm<illy grows Slnre Legisbtt()n 01\ thas ,subject •. L()'11.1"n:a h~s [>assoo u up betw'CC"1lhcm:lt spirIt of !ilwtr'\lst ,,\11d Iw~tilitJ. which ~a.nkl'u pl; la,..-, bel'rowed chiefly fi'(i.j'1)J tl!~ j:wmco system, SOOIl \J,1I)isnes nU <;Olll'lmmOIl, ~Yl1lp,.thr. Debtors a"c tI!'\f~ and,. ill its S'<:lItft't'll fbtlll"¢.~; b~iltillg the deep im!lTe,;,.~ of tClIllltcd to oeco;ll<: ci.!eat!>, aii~l <;t,edi,ots Shylockll._ W'lsJ.om, ju~.ticc, ami lhlma.)!,ty, .A.s, [ IIt1<1.Crstal,q tha.t llu.lI.<::t<ls t"kc ~I; clo'''I' ,;,(1'." (If ti'tls ,subject---l,et, us :n.o~ ~yst~Ol\. tiler" io, perbap,,> bl!t one radical e.Nlr til it, exa,l1).i~~c, ",-little, Ill'OI'" mi~mte').f" th,e sitllo.liQn of a d.ebtor, wh~ch j,.,. dll\t it ~"t,cni1$ j'<!lief <.»lly at lhe :in':lHl~e oj tlle ~nder ,these Statto insolycllt bws~ lVr,~ a" mercban~ iklMJJ', No\v, thIS h'l; 18 h~1!! to lie lliJC')II~tituM!14[ by linds hmlB~.If;. nOIJ') •. ttcr l.r-om wllo.t C&I"'Se" l.n e<Ilb(l,rl'a;S~oo. tile Courts ()f rhe United Stat'es" while it j$ enforce!l by I circu:mstal1ce,,-wilen, oJ1- C«l>tii"ig up his OICC01!l11ts, bl' the St:ll~ C Oll)1;'S, W <l all biOI" there ~l'e ofll), prutticuh:r 'nud.:.cs the llll\l'elcmlle disCo"cI), ttl~t big de ()its exceed n •.• clas."es oj' 1,lll'sons iJ.L1thoriz(';(l to ~tle ill. the c'Jnrls of the .::redi,tg.-in "Il~;t ~it!.l"t;<lt. is he placed I' lie kl,IOWS that United,Sw,tc:., to wi., citi"ens of the other 'States, ()J:- of tile bws .hal'" put bii;; i)Qyolld the ].'"a"h of hig cre<lit.on foreign c(}unitries, an,l tho .. _.Ibnk. of f.\l,~ Ul)ited States" '-tlley C3nMt ,levy Oil his goods-tb,ey. ca.nnot imrriso'n _~}{!di~p".1I!; borne :ore bound to gq ~nto the S,la-te. CO\,rls. his IHiI~(l]i, _Ul the.;," C;>11 do is" to cQmlnence ~n .acti!nl,

G~4::r..nSl'J:eI,<SR'Ml(O~~~FB"~1S.D.'

.... ~ •.•• _._, ~.~, i'S,:;,_. ~'- ... (~."", " •. -.! ............ ~.".....~ ' .... , "':"~~-"

iN lIiCJi' w;U not be detm'mi m;d:I~rC;'Ife., pb¥ffip;i I,L' two Jr':e6t~~q.ifr, 'J¢n}iI:M:~.- :..~\~i5e~nd-'llt;n~C'ellt'poiicy thwl tlir,e<c Y"~lrs; I"-t~l!" ,ne'.1i ti:i\4;, Ii'" :6~n:I hIT)- c;" h~$ 1,;,.:.:1"; t~~,;\>ti~.~'t, "(lie ~·':i'1l.d,'tIi,e'"jl~ofu,nt 'y¢ar!mvG' b«<iil ,;\6 'bcfim;, 8111;ul{1 he IlMiir the" ';fiRii~nce -or, .. ~m<i- frmtfi,luP"f:lV :ntn;lf .;'it,I;lr!!it6lis'€"enlS il>tbe"coTIn!ru!\cial ~U1Tifmrlf;tiQ1l~ v;~ i tir.r;1"~ na1ttlJ:i," 'fe H ' dL5po.seit'to .b)p . ~i;~!d-i:-:~i1d 'wi:' t!:!t,~~:( .. h;~~rtfie:'~"t:irit :~..trnbli!lWS'of tl~9t ~!i~)"! in hi$ c~reer;:ina' deliver -UJ:l fo his cl.'Eil,tfir. !.lui ~91"!Ic,'rt.l;9u:;,\:,,,> w!!i~h;!"J'lIY s)j,~ke t!!1i!" {)O\mn'y tOlt:s w"r,::c~Q~l;\j~ ~Ii(i; ~~WiJh,tlpkid,' ;lJy.t:tu;.'co#1I~ti09 ~CIltril', '\Oll~to G," tId;_'SU;,th;\,t,- 'loo,.,kin.!t.'back. -.dn tll.e t"a", In .~:- ~Qmg, he, thl,,!w~ lumsO}lhml!lT"ly rmj/iewwr~Y !>Wlt;" "",t furwarq tot1i.(;' t!~~llre", WG' iccmliif wsolve't" tie oj "is~dadr." wiJ]1l, if tll'ey shonld' oqt nMi~'e't1'!jj.i(' 1l1'Bp:;l""d~()!. tile :~'lO)'\it",_lf C\>ming,~y~<!t~:"1i"'r' "cast w.~Qle dC"1p1!J1:ds:to,:th"I'it..~ f{l:rthing, mi~! ho!dhii'li, j,i'hoi\{I~, th~l~ sIl:id!)!~'b~o.e! ",W<!rdtfnat ",,~wl;,ethe .rr ~ig:llS r;>f ~..ge r\'~tlie~'jl!ii(];]litl&orh:is (I[tY~'!l.nil, 'thi)Ughllilie;te,~iJ'JS tbefu'nes",', ,," , " , of Hie.' ctedll!it;; sho'~ld",w)nt til his :discharg-e;"tb.e Ql,h9lisj ,,'Tfr~ iftreit ~1hJ;,vf"ol~~,~tem()f".8t~t~i8I!.Tl.ltrupt (1m] not .oiling Iro:!ilid.m~y 1-·t).l'lI8(r ~o g,'.>,nr Itlm any \m.lu'1'g:ei1Ctr, lilsoh;ellt h~"s, b'l'!'eb~e;n_suth 'Ol!! mi~ht have been !til'(id. n:~"i,t~t",tI~<lf~fot~ .. lmthi,ng ()J g>l.ill, "nIl. m>lch'uilos6, ~j' p~thi_ ,~-,h:~Jigh,t~ fu:!;ilr~:rnMics-of ci'cdltQj'S "'r:Y,,jg hi tibn~':lJI,!l' .h's, business t?" dOM, Iic'i.~ n;xtm':\IJyt",li1p~4 e'-~,ry,'S,ttt""IIlt1h" ~jIlJlJ!l" 1ifJfltr:"'Ct~ sre reirdel'cd uncerto' $O_"!,-to ";lli'("j;"e \I~ d"n!,"el'\I"~, c"!e.<!Ji',r;_Cfl,7-to PI~t t"i.i1:~cit"'lit":ls 'imp=oird, il .. d-I1}"'Li"bl}i,"ctffl~d,to' "'11 ex- 4:'Vt'-ryt!:Ul)g' 1" IliG h.z.ard, ,;l11,l to t!sk 1m Im'!m»:,:l'!d I .. , t<~jl.t, -wlir,;-;il u oo;l',r '~"';ge ,.",leflidlt!lt 'sy!;t,em(lf 1"10;;, ftlt~ue hO~)I$ nna, si,,~[e <dvcntm''', If,lic 'Shi:;Uk!B,ic;-cQU!d: nut pOssJblj!_ciAi~-£ ill 81mi> a 'c:Qr,l:J1iry M (lOl'$-I;\&:~ ill ee~(!, lrds ~we&-'-"all~,if hefii.!s, aile-la' ()!lJy P'~I'itiil'; every tri;n;g ,whic!1'c9n.sUtut.es"the moral end pby,.i~'.1 wl!,~t, ·~n\11~111!'e~d.y' stares him ii, the f"'c'~, "'1)1 'IO! ,,'p"lth'of'natlorrs~ - 'ftmri.g:ilt to gi."e preferences, in~l', 1""",:I ... r hi~ C()II(1.'t;')!l Imbeb. worse timll.'tb. g,"il)gd.jrc,j, mckstc1k:ry ~llihl1.c.C,' se,t'~.tes the wflOleestat" 9f [I, !J;mk· by tI,e Iorce <:!I' clr'''!'lIn~!a:lG<::s. tv this 'Idtrm,"'''~i?,,; the: ]'t~pt't" a few pl'"feucd creditors, ""Ium til" debt.Q,.; means 00' m:ccll~ing: :ita)·.¢ at 11:'1):1. 11" 11:-.8, frien.ds-the therc~f{lrc, eI,\o,;s-e~ to "pply to du, c.O\lrl:!; for s\lch Io.c.lt!ifa$ banks ~t.YJ open ~o thel!l~lo"'.13 ;[U'C obtn,n6J, bvmcsns 'of the laws "fiord,. h:e has -riothillg' to surrender His schedule, theelldOl'scm~n~ "tmen' ill f,.'lJod, {;l',,~Ilt> cmdcl'~' .(;.-'i()u111 CQlliQ:i!l~"',,- ~)I~ggr<JAy UC()(),lI1lt of':mpty bQ;>.cs," funli~!Jh,g" 7pled,g:;; tJ!.~t,oome IV-ilat fila)" th~-e shiljl bellO d"pMture . no t~mrt8!ti():" to (;]", cl'""htor. even to come into court to fmm th~ m~a",,~ Wit of "oo'lOr, which maim, it the most, prefel- a. 'cjalrtl i antI \1h.,c.Qns~quence is, thiLt the ,~w<:Ming' ."C~'l (If,luJie:o; to' secure tit" frie",]J.v cudorser, no m~lkl- Qat of '(h" debtor, under Ol.e Sl'll,te .!~"'$, i~ ,,' mere form';" ~~~t ~'h~$~ ~~'~?r:,n$c~ ·-Jr _~t W~l~t ~ci'ifij,ce of ~~.elill~_oJ:'o:f ilie.c;olnr1ct_e..~t fhrc.~ t~h~)._t ';;'if~'l' WM~ ;Acted iii ~-h~ fh.te of·a. princi p:1 e, W'ti. t, !iclitio,1[; ':I'~:Jit" tllom <:I""!W", ~"l.<h h"" comic of ji,i::uliW,' hYiU t"'J.G>~ ~hi~ no fou!1;t, m', hlll, will con-;'(q;,po:rt.e[l, the dlll,lh.rell.l.\"~g,,-s \~Qldiy in:, spcp;cs of com" t<:Dtl:D,ysclf w:ltl. 'srntillg:~ l':;\'if"ds,. wh~di spe~k votnmcs nle:L'c.lt,1 g~.lJl.lt>I;~i3" The luck. ls :!S'.i!l~~ him, ~ljd. hili dQo.u on ti~c~!lbjcc~, llil~ll~nd,i:r ilj'g-l,I,m·Mt $cpm.'~mms.' When. js sealed. ' th,c !B.,!!lknl.pt ])ilJ wa~ tJI;<fQf(, tho;< Qthr2:r mouse a.lew yell",

Dr", tiwu,gll be must p~l$b,l," r",~oM'" IX. ,hU \.·~(;h M:. \~'i) ~n ()i,i.(u!<J hig'l'!i>' ~%yiG,,1:l,ble member of Ille. hew. l'~·crr· lh~ g-oc$i:atotlLe tnark~r~ ~rid!t mll' the:st-.r~t.I,gfh Qrtl_l~ ?f.':;,\ n~~,glLbt'a:h~b c~tr!t·{~'~l!t~t11y· one ofti~~·'~l.~t1~mol.~~,~n_t~ orcdit obl@it.d, by the countenauce of J1li, I'ri~ri:d.s, 1''-'"" industrioiis in tr,~, UniO'I!;) ~xpl"incd the "p'cl",.I;')llof'th"'i' scsses h\in~~lf of the .(f{)llili: of oth"i''''-th~,n Ji,ii:s., -and im'!.ilv,"~t :,m:s, by st!ILi!llf' hl his, Illw;,~, tl\~t "it was the assigns his whole estate, 1l:ldtl(ll~,fj: the g\)O(ts thus obtain. "flr~ci),;e of the court w' tJm~ CIty to ~ppOUlt (l'~.Ij' m,~m' ;,(1, ~'.l these vei']i fricnd.l;, al1iL l~;wc~ ",,11 others to their "t~{..-o da"fJ for <JM m- Iw~ hU'i!.}red .Mt8 of Insolvent debtf.t<:. Pei.-b.~p~ it ~, jlot too BC"CIC ~ jlW'\is\'mlcnt for such "o,~i~~t he ll!Id kri(rwcrl !JiM hundred of (~&I1l. &w"rn ".If m,e", th::lt~her sh"lIkl dl'!lg GUt the f~l'!j);'!lt of theil:' d.i<Y$ "irt (I ntJ:r,,!n,!,~lie hail. seen them sworn olr by "';~ !)i' il> pOY",",)' and wTt!lcl\ed""~-tl,,,t tb"y ;h(,uJ<l h",,,Oil .. , "".i3'b.t of (l\C,!i1 t'l:kl~g'thc bo(>kM "- time, and (tdd(~::l, vs j,';;'bonih ',mel (mt(;,,-,-t!) 'on the f"c& of" Hi." , cj.,'lh.. A.)d ., lli,,:t {)f ~he ";;<1cnv tJwi'$tJI!&, s>o d"'''fml"lF''d, heh,.d, ~\Cyet,-h is, t):ll.:11l1"" ~trol!g ~$)j'!pt:!ltkm tilratlhey ruU. YO" "'v,!l' known (lrt", wbQ ",fterwa:rds p",~l hiS nebts,," SIl', Il!we, ll'f yom.' ineffickntlaw", &~(hlCe(l themtt>tiviintlin; whl<.tnll1st be tlie'ch",-..o;.Ier"r n. system which jlr(lr1uce~ ~.nd. pe.rllaps }tis !lQtq!lire jlliSi.- !l9t "Itogether c()~~l.tCJlt SItch fi'luls r

Wlt!1 h.,<\Cna!l]ty-:-cc:.tn.l1l!Y l!Ot WIth '1}II1iilc pOllCy-to -'And "OW, whal-i!l tlit rellwily, '10, "n tllis? Ianswer, ''')]1- leti.y.;: th"')l iJl rhi; w!"ctcl')e<:~ .;;<:mdiLiO'J], wi:~Il(l\[t "'.If iW'~[j" fiJ.!>ntly. 'tb"t 'the only cWeet""! n:",,,<1r i. to be' found i~1 ~i .. ~"~~ to,"tni1tisE-l.ji, b~ ~Ully ti~ tQ blm:l il'H~m ,1:0 $ocl,~ty. B'u.t the c~eW~it~ ~r oul" CCH'l.$tltll~l.On:.1'I1'Kl'~'tCl· of ·e~t=.tblE::ihh)g- n, i:~_ .. ,c cyH stQps :not h_,epc ~ oi,'1,e f'f~llnN! m, .. k~!'j 1;'~j1J\j\ ~ncl * t",~·t:tr~~~ :s.~~~ ()l7 R ... ·~TI:n.l_'!'l?T('1r. It 'm;.'lS· fur tIll-S p'IJ:rP{)S~ .ifl[tlc, .,"!ell ,case hl.Wl,-.;s l)e:rbll.:'~ tW~llty ol!.el'S, ofimio- , t!,tJ.t the ~)QW'el' '\'M ('''-jnfi)\",,',~d, ,,~:d. theg'1~at ~'il~l~, ll~ co;:nt pe:.'j:f)'"'S:,-·~oo, who blNC f~.I]eli. '\'ictims ~o thel~,lll'!h . <Jt~rel'wis() llttlli,,~b]e,. II' we look Illio til" Woc{,edmgs of permittdi, if" !~ot '~!'1ctk)])e(1 by t1W}:>''''5.. Si]', thi~ w:h61e the C01WCIJ6on;-OL- examine tb."c:omm~'lt"ties on the Con.(l()LH1UY ;; llllcd with !t~r"i"'nn"t(;l debt01's, who ·ow<) their' ~1..'t"tion h1' th~ !;'1't·[(t men who· Il',;lmed it, we wil~fi!li! .th;}lH'e I'Q gtkh ,"t,;;CS; I h,wc "" h,,,;t>lll(H1 j" """hilling ":bll.mbnt l-emmL1 t{l bilOe"'c t.h",t the M:.ic'lc wirl,d, S'iYG~ !o it 10 be.: my IErm b~ljd ontl sllal"lconvicti':'n, lotlmled On GOl'f.,r\'~1l.'; pow". ''''el't~li8 "ubjt'et, "''"" dC:5<;,g""d ~o p'li~e"'i ~O)me p"'i"i.,,"~l k','ml'ierlgc, "'1d ir.t(,nnnt!n" dru'i.,cil i"i"llrl1 . P'!J.1Ul1. ',he jllur!luls Qf 11;" CVIT\'Gi.lt'ofl sllO>Ii, tll~t, OIl those wdl :tC'l"""ltted WIth the s(lbjeet, amI wt,,"(h~- of 1 ~ih~ 29,11 AugLl..~t, 171)7, it ,',oas. mmecI W 00mnoJt th" 1'01· ent>!'e COl-iii,~enc<>-tbat; \'i'om the;~ c:ms<ts" there if; n net"" l;)wil\~ [l'n)p()~ltioll, to wit, ,. To Il&t:lblisll lJ"lform 1~II'5 oft:,!cm, 11l,hmtr)'--«y, Si~', nnd ",il'tItClooO-il'l otlrC{)U'i\· ~ on the subject of .Ila.ll;l'up1ey,nrtd ,respe~hng thG ctbm: trr, idle'liltl u"dell.~, amI dmt d.ci!' I1nml'~I' istiai.ly a]la I ~g"'$ ,"ri,slllgll'on"h~ p:r<lt(;st ","ff()n~:~gH bUI.,ur cM:Jj"mg<: ;" )~~)i!U.r i,,'.cj"~;).~i~~,-.. .Tl~~:;.\sr:.!!(~~. a,'F ,;'~\di~'~{hm.ls~ ~,~'~,H}J ij'~ 'I' "vhi,~hp~ssn(i ~\~ 'the ~~~il':r'n:,~tl~'":' _hy n ,,1'O~C 'Qf eJ"g:b~ .. ~~~~s, £:b(:: C(H!fiJ_m{~'tC';,\l: ;"'Ic~~tud.~~ o~ d~e ]:J;$t, t\I,'ent:y )'"Ca.l'i:;! ~)d'f"~ . ~£mn£'t_ 't ..... n:~·: '~')nrncc:~Lc_~~t, !\;~·,v ,~msejl", _l"ew,l_$yhr:);l'n~:,~ bewlrie b"Ukt'IIP~S"'l'I:timC51l'(111cl, ik",d, dtO'l<;f fmm JJllbwitl'e, M~ryland, Vir@'~t,;n, North (),u'oli,m; Si)Uth,!"ui!JlIm.u!"!lC~. but 1"fI';st freq!ICnuy rl\(rm mi£!';1.t""w, 'He rol;,m" ~'!Jd G!mrgb, vot;ng ill 11i~ ,,,ffiTm~!!~',,,,Mld Nc'lI' [li!)W,\]'ll,(;zling ,Otlt :). miser"UUe ",;,:istcllc,,,> [\ bm'cl!('l\ to: H:UlflJlshil.-e 3U1:lM"!l.w:;hll(lett" in tho Il.C~It;"",. ?~I tbe t11clr fdclI.<i.s alMl, to th~i,!" cmmb-y, They li1ic wrtil(mt' fil'~t(Jf S,~pt~mb~I'full"wilJll" Mr., n~")'tt'J(lk, ,Ilf South ~urj1e, ,mit ,,;11 die w-ttli1)nt i'~g;.'Gt.' An.d is itl1.o {)bJc~t to, C:".voJini.l, (t~OI)I Fh<.\cmnr:,ittee) ""PDltcd tlll,<:! 1',",9';"':"0).,1(1 •

. :~, )'IO'IJIl.[{ court'!.t'j" like (nr~s, to Fcs_t-Ol.'e to ~il,;ociety ,the U.hol' (,d. f!hc i~!s{;1"1l~(m IGf tl;H.~ f~Bowini~_"'~"G.rd~) ;'911: ~_ "_' ?"o:es'b) .. '''hi.,;J\'',~ now pn]",J}:z,~d-th(!: el\tcq>l'ic~' wbich ~I!mlber~ bE",h 'mir(}}'!... h .. ws mi l:h.e snl.>j<'d 9f ll~fl\;:l"\ip!.m":,;" ,-i;h" taicnt wh:ch ~'5'·ci'lt;,.he(l-th~ ·"'rtue "h:ch is trampleil "'hich, Oft tbe 3diif Scptemhd:, ,I';lS ll.g,~ed 10 by Yea. I" th". clast!" No :;''{mtlemll.l'l who 1lOW he~~ me, will:;ay find N'l;},S" ~,-",ry Sbt .. -. \"<"ttlll&, .inth~, «lIiFII!ati\'j)''''Jcept sp, l'erLlli.t Ill" tc>add, ''''lr, Pifesid,cfll, tb~t t.here nC'~<lI·eOllllecticut Tho:: ;;e,nUe!JIan'''-hQ!!l"d~ tilJHepOlrt ,,~~. "'"'S ~ crhls,in the :<fi'ilir.!!lf th~s country, which llWE<l iJll- th.e cdcbra.t~d,~oI!JI R1J:rJ.:~pal;,. the C~Olit~1l),"'''t(Jl'-'tlie

658

6-54

-~~-,---------- '

--~-.--.

-----_ .. _---------_. __ ,--_--

[SENATH,

man wi':' exercised ~Q"utb<)rit}" civil and mi~i-y; .(tutin!;". ing t1~et", "-nd CQ~ ~r;ctt!:,g' i '" refunoll~<l."to ~Imt ~ w, ,l'ltis ~be most trying SO:<'1li¢$ (If tine tl~·,'Qh!'ti~,,,; uevoc.t 'Cf)nft:Tl'ea '~q~,,"L1QI\ has remal"'ed I?~ seY,",:U. Y'''''':S- ';lhd~c!-de<:l i b\!.~. in thst Stitte; ·01; fin)' ()m'er .man, and With i!!', WIsdQiIi, pru- ~I'~~·te.e:l;' iln~y be' the til:1;<1 decision, ,It I. obv~o\ls that It dence, 'n~~gnm1limit'\', ;l!lid fOrli~\!d<:, t!, .hat',would )I(Lve <J'O!~e 1"111:liot re~to,re:tQ the __ St<lt.es,.,-th" pow·er of actmg oil th~, I'O;iOI' to the proudese ,dfl.V~ (If Gr~¢c $,11<1. R('I'I)'H:" 'Tliis, $llbJe.ct-mattet 11) the ollly """'Y at all adequate to th~ -exiwas the gelltl.eme.lJ1 .. (Jf· w'nom r~.ttick Benty.'dool .. \~ed, • ~cies of the C~OU~ltry. 'TI.le ilpjJlicatioJ) oftllele:d&:i when -hewas a;;ked "wil:o w"s. til". ~r"a.t<)St 1'1·.." .... , in the'., ~Iu..! ~¢uk\ be but.a m"se.-~bl<;> $\!Q.tit\l,te-'f~I'-ll, ,gelr COH,\'elltion 1'" 'th!lt" \V:lJ>hil\gWl\ wMerrtit!ecLto theftrst . ei;:>..I b;>I'Ilt.l"'pt t.lw,· And """ii If It \v'll'" PQli!i!!.>l" t1~t ra,nk, lind Ihtl.edg;:; to the second ;"" ~!Id. tb:it,·.iil elo- tileca"" of Shlrges':ij,(l ~f.(Ii!ijj\Mhield could: be,rr.>""I'!reII. quence, be was mth.out,., comp .tito.'." His ;;loq[ul!"!lce,: ;i.nd tb~'PQwe.r·be fli!stm:eo;j to the sr"te~ of p~$$ms- BM];;:· Sir 11'9$ ItS rare :is h,s virtues, It .. 'as th~t of a wise :lll<l rupt -laws, {Vitll(l~!tfe.stri¢tlQi1 0]" limit!JItioll, I should eongo~ mnn" speJl.);:jng the Jllaill,ullad~)"neo_l!t!lg-llllge at so- BirI~r twcl\ty~fQ1.fr ,~d:i'e~~tbnnk:rupt laws as il1fillitci),

berness and mJ1t~'l. He .spoke '!J} IllS audience asa tq'u!lcr wo"'~ t'hlm l1on.;!_· _

~pCitk:lli'i> to hi. c.hi~dte~i.......ill the I~nt"\lf'>l'e of .the ."ftest II!,;<l.~wer-t'Hln tIll;S',lt.h.;"~ee1!l.TIlostcollfi,d,.mtly.B!'S~rtpersunsiou, b",t "'itll (tn authority thal could ,.,ol ,be ,.-e- ~(l, tll!1't we h.ve the "ECI6IVE o::tl"'lfOl};;roll o!'-I~,'" country, s,iMed,. Th~ S,e~t~tc 'l:iII, I trl:lst, eXG~!8e tills d,igr~,'k)!l- ~ iL,i,,(~e. both s}'~tem"; ax:,l th ... the.St"ki!l5{)'iNm't ~a_i\ls are [ confess I kit "'I}' COll!hlence ... u the wisdom of this pro- ~ el)tltled to ;\!, Just preference over a -rultiOllaI. Bankrupt

vision of the COllStitlltio:ll sh-engthen_ed and c.oUfiI!;Iled, ! 1:1\". . ,",' , "_ :. - , ' ...

r when [ discovered that It had been, intrcdueed by ,if'Ohll ; I deny both tll<l lactitlld the inference, ThiS £Otl11lty Ilttllc<1ge., and had received the uuequlvoc .. 1 S!lrICtiOIl <if ~ ill'S bad llo,ndequMe expe"r:l,ene,e of the ,efl'ects of III!:ltio~~1 Ja1.ll."~ ~J~~;.90n .. 1II~. numher of the, ~.ed,eril.lis~, wri~t"'" l BaTlOll.pt law. It is tr".e tl·~t _aBankJl~ll't lay :,1'115 by 'lIhat Jistlllg"wheil s!,.tcsman, spell.ltmg of thIS paracll_'! passed III 1800, !lnd, ;~:ftel' belng 'In ·t>p"""'ttOl1 fQr 'Il.DQl,lt. lar provision of the COl1stitutiOl1, he says, "Uniform l:.\vs: tll:r"'~ yeaT$"wa.;, repealed. nut, .: Sir, (:oula the :merl~ ,0£ Oil tile subject ?f bankr,! ptey w'ill pr~llt BIJ7MTJ.;,! f"IJ;f'ilf. i til g"reat sy:~Wl1l be tested itt the :sholt 'pel'i~d :01 thr;o that tile expediency of it seems noLllkeJy to be called m 1 YC:l.N-a system, too, whollynew to U~! . Nabom!, 811', questlon.' ~-,r. we aile wiscr than om' ancestors : th~t i :JI'€ or slowgrowtn , and 'Mtiomd institiltions, hOWME:i' which they ,]~lb'l'lW to ,. prevent f r oauds," we pronounce I wi~e tl')~ principles on which they "1"", founded, require, eo be the most fl'lIitf1l1 source oifrauds. A jjl'opo-'li.ti()l\ ! time lind csperience to' brill,S; them IW l'eJ.fectiOIl. Bewhich s~"m"J. 10 them "0 de"," t,lmt.jt was ., Dot likely to '~ic:l""" the mere defects of the poJii,tio,,1 mnclninet); by be caned ;[1 que. Don," we have lb. t'~mrt;v years rejected : which any great result is to Il-c I,,(}(\o;'<lcd, ,,,flen' d~fea.Uhc; as mlwlll'i:ll>" even oj':l !JiaJ, It may be, .!>lit_ ]'I'esident;: laii'C$! calculaticne,

that I:J1ll bigoted in my reverence 1'(11' the "'lItI101'8 of' this I Si~, it is as true in politics as in 1;1ccba~iois,trmt no Constutrution, !JuU 3lITl free to confess tJl.~t I distrust 0\1'" I Mill mMflil'l~ evee works well, It Is no mS!tt'f.>-r how ow", ju.dgl.1lcIlt 'I:h, €1I1 fi.'w'! i~ le"t~jnli Ill," 10 d,S"'u, -d,' the,'. I ~Imd the tt~eor.l',' or no\'l'_ cO'rr,e~t tile PrinciPleS, on-wblch pr"""I'1ll1 or to l'eject the,r l'nJu"C!~O!lS, _ It ,~I)<.m~,t:rllclei1, " new mvention never succeeds a.t the

In. relation to b~Ilkl.'upt",y, it is the Federal GO"""'n",,,,,t fir{tu'ill), Die! the stemn!ioM,01' the eotto1lS'in,or theonly thnt ever will enact a wise and jlldiciollS system, anct : rice f!l(l.cili!!e-thosc three g'1'""tinvcn!i'''lI1O of.mqdel'll ~l(J powel," but COl;gr"ss dm ,es!a?)i~,lIfJ,SlI'ORHrrY' Till,S I ti!1l,,~~ Wh,idl,ha'l'CCI?,nfelTed s,nch~llcaJ.clIbhle h:elle!it~ o;n. ss the grer.,t dt.s<dtraf:t'1!" 1 his IS the t~·uc. the nnly QUI' own couutry-e-did they come from the hands 6J theirremedy, for the evils I have pointed out .. · The wlse man , ingenious inventors in tile state ofperfucti()'[! in which we now at th,e he;).(l ,of the SupJ'ellle Court of'dle U;i;t,,'d i find them now? And even 11'OW, at'tcr'tl!eir merits have States, (whose ch"'l-"ctCl- has been drawn with II lfltlster's I been fully tested, and the principles of tbeirconstmction Band by the l'i,enthmmll fi"Om Virginia, ill a fiilisfuw i,ic-, m'e well' understcocl, I win Q.~k my venerable friend on ~w-c t.'ltat 1~,I>llllot_ venture ~[) OO~l~h" lest I. should im.~~!t rn}' r:g-ht Oll-_ ."~[;o~) w~etl~c:r, :vh~n II 11(";' ~12Ch.in.e iR lis hefiuty,) has gl"CII us I"s op,moll ();11 tilts clause of me putup, on :u~YjJ);,nt:iti(l!Illl his n~lghbm'll{Jod. nl does not Constitutiou, 'in terms w·ol~.IIY of con5ide<1·al'io~1. ;,' The require tiro,~, lind M1Ule prncticc too, to adjust its serc"al ., \}e;c:u,~'8,"Umn30fIlW6'!,allt,.(Sf'rsChkf.J'tlsticeMar51:~U,) I psrts, t?, :l.1.'I'llI\ge th,?"'he~!", 'fix tbe hfl.n1ds, nnd.'l·egulltte ". c~n~mly d.~5er.e uotJCC. CMg:'es~ 'I~ Jlo~t, ;< ... tl-'Oi'Jz~(11 ~he oprll!lgs. b(.1'ol'e l.t can be made to W,,]'k well ~ Ho\\', ,., m~.dy 00 p,,~ low~, y>e 01;er:rt101l of wIne:' ~h~ll. ll.:. i the'll, ~ollJd ,t 1~"~ (:y.pccte~l ~Il.:lt R ~nnkl"ipt, "l:sl.em--:-n "ltlnfol'lll. hutto esta~ljsll ?,mform I"'''~s ,0<1 th,e slJbJ"<.II ~Qmp!icr.teLt poht,c.'l1J .. '\ell~T,c~tmw to -the, COlillltl'Y, 1U1~ "thNngh?lIt. tile Umted_ Stolltes. _ ThJ~ . e1!ta_!;ltskmen,t.of! ;~11: til t!~c m~l1!'gemellr. of i:llooe ,,'ho_ h3d """(}I" ,_ ell It « UmfOfflJ.l'l.V r~, 1Jc..h"p~ incompatible I'll~h i:>tMc legJshl. III ()pr.mtl!m, sh()\lld i>l!cc~cd cmnpJ.Mely atthe l~e·ry ollbet>' "tiOll <In th~:t pllrt ·of tile subject to ,,11ichthe flCL'i of CQn- But, Sil', the 1)(,I'iod for' t.he 1,)xperi,m~n~ '\111\; also pr;c.lUl'inl-lr "~l~ess may e,.,t;enll!' Now, let it be rememl>cNd tb~t, Ilnfol'tlmnte.·' TiHl banimll)t bill came 'into e>:\stence, wll1leo On tIle one h."d tl,e POW,,1" is Kl'i~sly cO'lfern:-u jived, 'a,'f);tl died, til "h'!:h paTty times." it bl'OUg'ht with on _he .'etl r~l Go~.rnment, of'cling' e'~"ie;;fly <)r, \l'o;$ it il)\o 'existenec the o;lhun nttaehcd to n'most flO'P.0I"j'la,' ~~lh)c,ct, th,e j"g'hl has bee!, bk;;:!~ away Ii'O!TI ttle SU:le~; I ru:lmiJllstl'ati~ll> :Rlld lt "<"'7 n:).t.tlra,lIy, ill -" pe"i?<1 of' !r"",t _I his th,e Supreme CQu.rtorthe Unlt.cd - .t~te i,i~,:';¢"C~!deCiI polit,c:J e<;?,t.e, 11"'1.1, 't, ~t,"'l'ed the Me of It'~ pl.""_1.~c~'S',

111 tll<! Cfl.e~ of Suu·g.:;s s!Hi Cmwnmsrneld .. ~Ild ~l(:)"l;.!lil.n 13eh1d1:s, ;t IS not to be co}llce.lled, til .... , lhe fil'St opera' and ~1cXeill, (4 Wlleal. 12'2, 209.). A cliJlch~t'g¢ \Imler U(l!l of en:ry bankrtlpt oy!ltr:m 1TIlL~t 1)", to ,Hseharge tbe die bankl'llpt Or imsohelll ll~w of a SL~{e, is, in, the~~ I :l",C\'tflllill"'te(I1!J~S5 of iasokent Jcbto!"s, t}om wl\btn !loth. COlSe&,_ 110::01",,«(1 to ."'" ,bi\;'\,ljil, .;" ccms~'ljjo~nce Qf lile' ~ "'~ 'can be ~.bt:l.imXl. Uence, HIe "-I'palli"s-. stlte!'I1cnts Con~t':"Mu";1 prolllb',~'m. 0" the S~ol.cs ,of p!l~,i,,~ ~!,r i ~>y wl~i(;h Ihe p.lbli" c~ ~WL$ ~b",,~d, "f "1\.,.~m:""I'<iu.ij bank· I:uv ., HllP'Ul\llg' lite {)br,li~t!o11 e,f COlltl~c::t~." ]'I'lrlClQ Ill~ H','uptm>zs," ~J .. I ." no ,<l.I·"HI"ad~." The paW", l:Ilm,hv ... s ad()ptitm of the COflSlilu.tioll. the StllleS p!'>~s~s~~d ihis 'thus POiSOIle1\, creditllrs !;,cCD.llle im'patient i •. tatcsrnen !·jgl1t" and, ;1'1 ;SOIl", ,iu,t,mces, exercised it to the most ahl1'med; :lml tile svstcm 'W!L~ rlbantlm'i!d bef(:ll'eit~·beine .. lifillmited e~:tt~lt. It is ~l ",gilt essentia~ to ComrlleJ;cial dits could be I'e(lliz'ed, It is also ec:;rtruil; tlmt the,." w<!ve credit nnd pr[);;pCl·j!y. It has h"en taken fromth'e Stl.tc~ some J-adi.c'll <ie:t:e,cts ift the ok! bnukNIj'Jt IR\1-, whicb COIl~1l(I.e"led in U"; >I"d, if p"Op,'!" to !!,"exel'cised at aB, "Iiibllted to its f..iln,re, ,mel ,\'hkluoou1d hOi." bee'" easily ('allonl), be ex,,,'t;c;"<i by lI.~. ~ am aw&re, Sit, thnt tll"re remedied,. lc(mnot !Ito]> t·o point them oui. hutl "'iJi·. are ClLSr.s still (1Cllding b<:fo)'e the Supl'cme CO"'!·!. in mC'ntioll one. The cOlll1ni'sstane1'S, dn who,go'! agency the 'whicit the qUllStion ;s illl"(}ll'"d, w'h"tJ\er a Stli.te bIt111:ru,pt, whole syslem \\"as to clepcnll, instc<l(1 of being IC!lti~~d> ];1\.- mnynothe· ,etJlfm'e,<,d ill sHeh Sklte, an p!t.,~eS·l'.~~id.' !HW,CS!_ 1l1lCl, e"lICI'.lenccLl,. \\'ere:" in, ;:-C11Ctiil,' 1l):1W.!'int,

655.

SENATE .. )

ino;;omp!!!t<!nt" ~J)il, .. in rn~y iMlance,s;: 1l!l'l\"Qrtby' m~n. '~:)"y~)lS, i!;i'id parlittllarproouion:.i IIftThe·bill before liS. !till whos_.e sole- object. l! W>\S t~ put money lnt<,) thlffi'. ()'\<I;l(Jftbe 'i'o'iity ~~n.te" Of '<!ve.ty wb!! l>l!d !udiclo\JlJ b:'lllmpt poc~eu."'t the exP~~;'e,of 1;heo;r"'di~. ''rl;~r rece.i""d. Ii!w, ·,n0t,: .. ,lly to. pro .. id«, for d1e~'li1y eqllo.l;. end ·stie:oo.y l).,nlllre.rai:>te pJttnnce iiO: 11 coiFp..,n!!'>tJ,on f()ttileJtSe"fVl<l>e .. , di$lhbu:tJoll ,of~he-emte·ofihe·m""h·.CJ!ti but to stefl 11> Ir-''''''' .nosooorlty, Mld,.as '" ntW ut were 9.pJ;lo~nwdl in, atid. m;csthi~: dnwn",.,u..a&!lir~tol'ltll'\; soas to Save for .alrnos~ @'fuy.case, mllst of neoessity have been d.estiwte, the ·CreditOrs as much of'the: 'tstate ·as J)"o,siblil. This or. expenence. UllclC1' these d~cull!.stance,s. !I$ few men iI;itc>:pOlJiti(l1if of thelewmkes place wbe,nev,er lillY of those ?f talenlor cbaractef Could be rQUl"ld to !:;Ike the place.] acts'oo<;lI.f; ,teebn.ioo'lly called iwti(lJ"/j~u'Ptc!l" wID<:b, It fell into bM li:llJ.dli,. Alnll;e WM the censeqnence. ID;;' c{lnimetcilil Goi'mi'lun·i.tyi fumis)n:ln"q:uiv(1c,,1 evidence S~lCh were the t;il.ti~e~ (of the; pl:'f;,i)~~erepe .. l of th~ ,~t ,n{ fiilill_g' circlt~sta"ce~ •. '~b" duty<lf ;!l"'th~"jn[l1" the of.1800 j fl'l'm ",hiGb, "l"r~ly, no mfel'ence can heJWitl,y fu;g;lI:l(~nto e>fi!he:eSb.te, a:"d'""refltllypt.,.~"'r~ll"them fer ~W!l I\",f"v.offible to " b";;k:til .... pt s~m, . . those to, .whJlmt'he.y rig'hlfullj belollg, is ns.gjgn~dto Iyel"

I kno,,,, ti:!"t the ,~t)I'.itntil <!! E~land" b:a9, also. been Mlns>ooo:~en by the credito,,", thcmselres, "lid b,;mod by t<ppe(lie,cl. to, lind tilleexamine;tions III .Pa'rlirunent, in<t!ie. le.ili feitmi:nt..3ildo'bl'igations to fulfil those dot. Le5 witll years 1817 and 181.8, hue been quoted, to preve th .. t theiuil.um-y .:iiil fidelity. ·rlle. I~I!I' tllll:~ eomes m Ili.l of the b:mk.n:lpt laws m.a:ve done no good; eveu ill ~hat. couatry. UTl!Ilit~'l',. iJj, kiB'ins!:{:!nce, :!I1Id the {:scllO b-dJ:ng' ascertained I>y l'rauds are insepnrable {"om cOlmiu:rcc. Jlldeed;a11 eon- a;n im,n,edi","!c in(luirr, peornpt m.:\al;"'t"'" <Ire t~ken to t~ct~ produce th,CI'i!l. Nolih~n~ hlmmn is ]>ed'e~~ 1'be 9l!Thl'lf him O{)!lJ,pIete JIl.tice. • The acts. of tl}~ l:I~J)k~IJlt ceiminal .laws of ~reli!t Hl:ttam b~ve been lld1!ll!,C{t. as ·hh~lf. from the ~lOme!lt these lIi'lequlY1Jca! mdlo;:"t!~I'lS ~.'.~ gl:=~t body. of wl~dom.". And ':S there 110 IIJJlls1lce' ·of .1Ilsol\.cncy are A'IYe:n. are :ab50Jute.ly !'IlIll and YO'. d; ~'(. Ill. theJfoperati?ll; rhe commercial laws. are reg:.med cept so faT o,smay be necessary to prote'ct, Versons deihng as .. the.perfectlon of reason," AI'ld do thev give I'ise to witb him in tlmordinaI1VC,OltI:lH~ ali 1i){l:<liilCS.~. wid~oilt nono fnuds.! But it is mom, common place. to all.e.ge ~"t tice of hi~ .;nsolvel~cy. ~lle has "'" long~' I'll)'. pow;;r to u:e h::rn"krul:'t1a".~ have "W:red me fo:teof oJ! hUln .. ~ n" tmnsfcrl;us, e~tale:, or by tr\rst de~m., or ether oon'v·ey~n • . stitutionsj that·~lls h",'" existed, or fronds been proCllS!;-d ces, todlSSipll.te the remnant or illS foJ.'t\meS. All p:wtld under them, The truequestlon is, has the evil counter" Il...signmenbi arc overreached, am! an p;-,:,terenocs pre" ba!{l1lccd the !rOm'!? W ha:t is the fact.? 'file lIriti~h Vll!lted.· Ag a just compensation to the. debtor, f(~T subbankrupt system h:IS existed for nearly three hundred jecting h'im to 11\'1: opemtion ,of {he.se rigid b ... ~ be.is years, and, durin.g ~ll tl",! time, not one practical states. released From ill hi$.del.>ts<, provided.his cor,duot, t:1'l.i'O'l!;gl~. raau, not one in.tdlig-e".t merchant, hwyer" or f:!:l'l:Lle.r, 2' "ul!, befrce fi"Om ilie ,sli!rhte~tt"I"t oi!'l'n!;uJ·. "fIi. property., fj);r as I 'know', him eve.' proposed, in eith",r'H911sc ofP:Il;- to the IR5t farthing, ",:,11.;8' tai;.el1. fr()mbII:Jl, ,,',,;1 dkid.e.l lr.amel'lt, th~ uJm1i£irm .of thf.'~ySb~Jl1. As evils h ..... e been e{j_uUY·:imollg hl, oreditors, he is made iL il<:'~rn"n. n~ .die'"eloped.Jlellledie.s have been spplled, But the system I oOnllnellees' Ell fresh. existence, ~IIlJ ,gf.ie~· fOrtI! Ilg'8Jrl.t .. lias survived to this 110m. No IO'lger tban last year, seek his f(lltull~

All the fOl~mcr Bt-itish banklrllpt laws "'.ere new.modelled, ; 1'''·' ,-"'" -', b" ·1'.

I "..' . ..e worm !II .... "lorc rum

under me (",,:cellon ·of the LOM CtlD.i:bcellor. It wOlild Wh . ~ toehoos ' ~ j p' -"d· 'h' '<I

have been Inud> easier, slIr'ely,,"to have repealedthese ·C'l'" ·,0 c se, ~'TI.< ,ro\! elIte "'gill e. "

raws entirely. But eXl'e~."nc" was in thei,' t::".v('Ir, and Such M:e 'the.gene:l'llipri,12ripleiJ embraced. in t..hi.~·bm~,

they were re-enacted, \\C.th amendrncnts nnd 11IlI)l'qI'C-i The modeofpl'OCcedJn~th.Cll,;""'nt"tD,hccmploycdraents, The experieace of other commcreial countries '. the'I'''g1.!btiQ''$toprevcntfJ,'Uu(loi:ltheonep:>.rt,alldopprc sis in conformity willi that of Gl· ... at Britain onthis subject, I £0" On the otflcr-:properJy b clong to the details • and tf> I!u France, a bankrupt system has exi .. ted since the. time Il'cndel' t)".cm complete "ltd efl'ectuill, Iilld free fj'oJn SId)", <>f Louis the Fcrurle·eut],,, III Sp.i.ll, 'the 1iyotem went into I :~t:al1ti"l objection,s, has been Ute ""'X"""'S desire ?f tlw -operation in 17S1. l_n [tOlly, H"lhu.d, Ireland, Sco~l~nd- i ,committee. It;s ccrt~iJl th~t some 1'" a dieal eerors IU the h\ short, in ev.erycommel'cbl.c<l'tmtry, it h~ be<;Hlsuc,;:e~., teguhti-O!ls Oil! tllese pohltS CilH)tiibuted tit b·rillg C!liLiI'Il "~,'e.ly [Iltrod,ucc,d, ~nd. where 0I1c,c ir.!l'!Xlueed, ha~ !l(W<:'!' i '()'tl the B~glrsb b:4llkrupt S)'ortcm, f!.mtpet\l,ap.~h.stell" been IIbolished" '1"1",." s,}stcm hns c"'ery "'[''''''(: I.>M'I ~(:.orol ! Gd the d.est.t'l1ct:ioll of our ll~t. of !BOO:, [!l(ltt~r t!'Irwith cl'edit-h.:.,swrOWll up with cOUim .. ",C<;, l):1l,,1 ;. »$s,en· : se,lf, t(Qw·e·,'er, \hat" with tbe lights \\'.: h,w~ W guld.e lI,.' tiall.O it.s,IJrospenty, if !lOt its ~X;S.t~I1C~, 'YI!JeT<!~''-'r '\I"r. I on thl. ~.\lbJe~l. we ~l'e !lOW "ble to "yo;,l oo'm'i' "f the IllIll tralle, there w!' .:)!W::lY$ find b~l'I<,.Up"t 1:>1"5. If tho: me"" Oll ':wbicll those 'rIm ",,,nt ".fQr~ 11$ l",,,e he;p.l'l ""pel'lence. 91 mQliem time. em, pro>'" ,my thill.S', • think : shi.pwr<!ck.ed .. \Yo :m~ not 110'" W"mc!,eJ:mg'<;\~:et ~.Il',m .. the policy of !l b,m;ktLl!>t .1<J'~:"m is I\llly "st~.b~j,;hed. 'bled !)Celm wrUwul u. COJoUpa"" IJ. :, cb~tt. 1N¢ bJi.\'''.M Tbis :llom~ hull' ~i!tll;"ed. all UI" COhl\.'lUlsiofbS ~!];.(ll'e"·olu. : "'Ul' guides the act of 1806, . :liId t.he expCfie~,(;e of the. tiol1511'hl.eb l~D.ve, in Dlodem t\lUe~, ~;il;'en !I Ilew iI$pecl'to : count", [II rel~t\l)n to i,t" We Ill,,·/: tM l)iJi which InS ~heaml,h'l> ofthe wllol!<_Ci\'ilizl:(L \~o'r~d, Am~(ls,t all C.lrl!lg-cs ~ caf~fuily p:I'ep~ed by rome of .~he ll,t>kst h:~Ye;s in tr~e ill the mtel'.Ilai 1:(;>&'\IllItIOI1I,! Iloud i<.ll'e'"S'.\ polIcy oJ Stl~$-! Ul)lt~d S·tnt!<s, In 1820,. IIml WlllCh (,"!<.lied 'Ihe :>",mIOO Ul ,b\IO"llh politic~ SY$~crnij_ have p<;;I";hec;!; "'h\ fom;;, o~ ~O·1 192.1, ~ft::l' h:"'lng" ~Ol' scyeml ,o.l" .... "'.sivc g.e:''';OIl.S, unuu" V«I~uncll~ ~elm cllacng-e<l-tbo,\'ffb. lIew eo<les·of po. btJc:.l] gone.a thOl'{)ugb (bSCIlSS;li)ll !Il both l!t:u~s by &'Orne vi and muniCIpal laws kwe b-een adoptcd ...... fht b,mkrupt ;,ys-I tile ablest men (JUl' e,eunb}' Ims!,rod,;C<!d.

lem lkMO/fI..-i:i",tdt..hem all. In G)·",,,tllrit:tin it Ih'cel thl'Ollgll .0,,(; ahoYe !Ill, ,,'0 Inwe th" I.'I~I\' Bl'i~i.h bankrupt bw, the ~le~ClI?tL(}!1 wiJioh broligbt Charles !he ph:st "t!l,the, prepal"-,,l un<iek' the iUTl)1Ni.i:vt.() ~;N'i~iOl:' of th,,, LOl'~ :sc~ffllld---it su:rnl'cti UHl 'Commo!I\HllllJio, the i{est!Wation, Ch"!lceJl(J~, {foundc.d olll:h" ",xmmrK,t,Qn "" ilie HOllse '" ;and. th,e nC\"Q~~lt!(m of lll:8f:!, 'Wll,icil lltltWi.llial¥! c.>f Ol,u"g'e ComIUH)US, '" 1,817 ~ .• ,a 1!118, ~ml 1Jis oil'" Mlpie exp('.· upm.1 tbe U .... ;me of E!,\:"]:u)d. III Fr.nnce ;t p'"·,~e(hl:tlhw"_ y"mum.) am! :".I!Clld ... (l to I~n .. ~dy ~t.)U"..,.. 01.1<1 rem' Joe Olb~ 'throllIS'h .t!!~!lery ", • .d.erli of the l1e\'oluum,. fOlillt! a p.looe ji"d.ions. T!Jp.s~. Sl.!:, h,we :f\lml,~l()[l, " .. light to our

in tile' wde. \)f~(IPQ,leOi', :lfld l)tll1 s'lI'1'i.cs lInd¢l~ thte feet, :m,l :t.b.mp to our [l,,~il,". '

H01ll'UOllS. , Ill. sh.?ri, if the prac~o;.e of HUltOpeall Il!lti~msj .. 1 'I'm IlQ~' pltQr.e:e~ to, !::t.~1l)l_M.tl:,: prmJi"s"?rls of,tloJ$ on. a que-shon. strictly comm(;l"cl:\I" (;~ll 1))'OI'c '"ly tiUIlS', bill somew·lI~t more III detilu-"dil·cmng', P3FUClilm-I), Ii;! it llm$t "~tablish tll(\ tl:ullil tl'l'tl't \\'i~e '\lldjuuicioilS sys. thooe wb.icb ,\re !lew,

tCln of hall!;.ruptcy i~ i),b~ollltdy ,,~:cie."-;"!J to the oomm<l.". Til's bill cltlbrnecs tWQ dis.ti"ct SJS~"ms.;

<,:~al.opel"'t1<>ll' Qfc)'~,y cQ\.mtr)'; 'under "U fQ)'ll's of Go" The ht CO~Q>vJ;S!HU, :uld .

'I'el'nm,mt. The 2d VOL.\f:.'>T,A1H, .

j proco;:ell r.!'.~t to cQDSlde).·SQlllp of ,t1\e. Gl!:\>:~U. 1'''!~. . TI,e first is.applicab!(, t,o tlilder.; oaly--=l:he MiCood te

OF DEB:AT'ES IN CONGllE~S.

ess.

;iLl. 'l' .1, 18:0.

(SENATE,

....L:::t .

persons not concerned in trade. The former being tile r come 1\011' to c,l)l\~iclel'-

old est..hlishcd system, ami the latter hd:rtg new r and 2d. TII:r; AC'l"S (liP lto'K!tvt"tCY,

tor the !l'rst time 'Py()pwtJi by It Committee, t~<lll$h it "Was Thc~e are sll.bst"I,t.i.llllv. or nearlv the same, a~ UJ'e

once sdoptad ,,;;,II" t,m.iJmlment b,Y u vote of this Motlse. filu"d in the 13.riti.sh Hnnkrilpt Iaw, ::t,~d whicb were ifltr<H

In respect to the 'G(>"l!~, .... o,,,)1 OUT)!:': uf b;!.nktuplcy, (\\wed into OUT act of 1800" The diH(;~llces; I will now' ~h"T" I"" three poiniB to wl<ich.l weald "",II tIle P.UClltion. proceed to point oat,

cl'the Senate, viz : . III tile $"g,~.tion 'OFOM of tbc J u dg,~oll ~.r~he Snpreml>

1st, ,'10'11<) ni'.ly be a BilIjbllpt ~ . • C0'll11 'Or tbe U!litcd State., the word, hal'<;! been inno-

2d. The acts wlilich slu,1l c@!islitllte B~nkmptcy;. duced, "'or Sh~II, aecOI"<:jing to the undcrstHnJdilig <armer.

3d, Till! mode of pt;'looecling, '" ,,"t1tlle men, h.we gellcl'jj,lIy #o}Jped PrJ,VlIlc>!!.'l

bt.. This bill declares, in the verv W()Id~ of the act of'r!)e;se w()rd~, which, ,t is belie,'eii, wm 'be very clearly ,1800, thllt" filly merchant, 0,' oti1,er person, res-id;ng, understood bv those to liho •. u thev "r" to be "I>PI;.:,]:, m.ar "within the United St'>tes. a(:tu,,,ll,, l.l.i,,1.l the tl",de of: perhaps Mll>ro,oe a elass of cnses :th"t migh.t not fr<ll ,,,i!il· "11,ctd~:liIldis<i. hy huying !ttld ~cnil;g ill g1.\()3$, or hy l~· in tb.e other' d~se~"pti;o"s, witheut ~1I"willg' n" hlEtude cl' "!.ail, or d~:lJingilll. exd~ulg..." or asa broker, 'b.~,llko'w" filc- constmction aM)()1·0(lni-tQ the gen;Cl.S Of<;Hlt ;nsl';hut;cms.

"'tor, underwmer, or m ... ii.11.(! lnscrer, maybe 1lIl~~ bank- Tile next (1JIlCl"dn'll)ll't is in the clamor: whioh contain ...

N rupts." these I>'Qa'{is: .,. or shall :t-cm~ill i'u prisoll. OJ- ulldtJ' ar1"1III1,

These .... -cre the P<:l"Sor.s,chieflJ (li'lih,.,,~d by fhe fbnuer "(wen!.,! tlfly,~, or mo,·c." .... _

Bi'i'tisl1lhnb'upl l:l.w9, until, h_v " aeries "f',iud'id"i deci- Utte the Wi>l"tl. "ot <i!l.ler nrrest," ""0 iutroduced "by sions, these laws reoeived moreextended opal·,\tion, ''''4 the (JOinmi.U~c. to provide fOl'lh" ease of !-,~""or.s Ilot perwere made te) embrace, under the dcscriptlen of PI'[,SClIlS "'.;ttt~~ by the laws of some of the States, to be llctu!tlly "gl:tt!Il!,5: their jivillg' by b",ying m"'.l selling," ful'lllt1'S, c(mnll,,<l rn p:risol'l. The period 01' "i.l1!erl1!l r1ay~" is Waliel'!!" mechanics, [lind ~ 11I0st 0" others, . h~rt:' ~!Ibstlt"xed f(w.he tum jJIV!'iik,~ whi~lil were required

This c:'deflSiQil was ~ 1\I·,.t oQ!lsider<0 in iI':II:$l~ntl; and i by the net 01' HmO.. 'L'II~ E,ng~ill:l.!I', (ll! this point; h~", ""<0" b~' the JlI<tg= themselves, as a gr'cM evil, "When' u .... c1el'B'one ",,,,,"""1 '11ter"'l\Q.!'$ By the SI"tute of 1 James the bill of 13'10 imd 1221 was tberef.;;!-e illtroduced iMO the l>U-st, confluement in p:t;SO'fl ""IS not eQnildcred ;I. .. CO<igre. s, :Ii pTl)i,i~Qw!!.s attached to it, by wh~ch it was «at of' I3mlk.rll]?tor, unless c(mj;""1",<:l ft'r ,,11x month". declared, ,ttlftt "fi;r1iller~, g"I·" .. iers, shQe!m!kei~, (,:iype,,~ T.wenty years n_fterll'll.rils, (by tho statute (>f 2"1 James t~!I~ ".el';., sh,p carpenter -s, tailors, Innkeeper ••. tanners, and Y'!'$t.) the pe)'l(l1_l W(l~fedHced ro two mMth; ,mel, by '~vth~rs, whose Ih'!"g-l~ sut>suml\aiiy g1:,ttcl~ bymecim.I,.\cnl , tlle 1M ... ".ct, L~ is still (U~!l1~1' reduced W t.wc-:nl'!J"l"~·. <lays. "'lab.;"., Iho"1.\'1I with some llll~i;,u~ of ll<'lJmg and 8;;lImg-.' . In Ens-lfCml, a nell" pl-mc'ple WIlS JMt re~r Inttcduc<!(i, "',l1all not as ·;IJl·Co. be deemed M be w;·U.li .. tTIi.~ :l.ct." "'jz, tl",'! ,1 (lcci,.rnt!{)11 of insnlveucy, filed ;0. the nall1!::.

'f!~c ,,","'riled ,geTl'tIcn;.an WIIO originally 'nt.'m.luoerl th;:~ l'UI'~ office, £I~ould be consideredas an aot ofl;;;lllrn,pt<;YI proviso, declared tlwt It W!I$ founded on i' <;.!'dl:ll e~,m)i," Th~ ~;(Jmmrtle"'"l'e not prepared to SIlr. that any '!" lIation (.11' ~<11 the RritiJih. adjndications GIl the subject, and convenience would tlJ\;SC from tills jlrovi;;iQIl 1 OU!, .. s it l's was so li:amed as to avoid the extension ofthe system un- new, the)! think it ",ill be prudent to wait lor the r,esuti. derour b'r, to the persons ernbtaeed, ill it ill l':ngland by of theexperiment, before lt ls ,rtu'o1'lueed in tbl~ cO~liifj'r. "'''lSll'llCi;ion. In the III ean time, however, it ,,1' pears tlUi.t r.lt'l:ecd, they I",Ye acted, tT!l'onghou.i, on tn,e prmciple; publicopinion h!l!1 ~1f!cl;~rg(lI1(!:\ ml\tcP' • .l d'!'lll!i!:e i.~ t.·i'eo.c mt~el' to fall short in t1:~oir pro";~iID"S, lh~n tJ) (,weI'IIho)Qt BI;iaiu: for, by the express terms of 1.1'1", n"wafiti;~h ~C[. the U!1EU''k~i<ltll''i' tn do too linle than tOQ llI11dl-l"th"", ~.11 the.,!; pel'SoOIIS arc 'embraced, The Comtnittee, how- to leave defects to be: supplied th,," ;njudOl1S t~gul;;tioo:$ e"er, were of opinion, that It II'US not jlmtlcllt fm' us to to be repealed.

extend the system so LW::, lllld tlut<lU the persons ;f1olud-, 3d. 'I'M: Ahm:; GI' l'noc1:uU:-I"G.

od ir> Our provisc, (,ught to be kl~ .iJ.'C<:' to ~,uh"'ljc~ .ll~e I -~·lle. !i .. ~t ~t~p to be takeu by. a cted.itol' wis)ling to \"c,IUlltfil'y" S-rst~ITl Qf Hallittu.llt"y·, WIth the consent 01 th",r' avail hlmself'of the bankrupt law, IS to swear to his d"bt. !'.r"di~~rs; b-'lt th~t tn. ,,~.Y 'J,,,",': not, .11 thi~O<>~lntl'~' "t\f:J!>t, lie the" ."ppl'es 10 the .. J~.dg? ~"'. " tl~,,j11g gi"ell ti!". :Ilt S\l·o,!cc!.s fer tbe emnpu]sQXY s:ys.tern, , Il.eces.,u'y bO'ld, a eOlnrJ1lS~on. ~S' u;~llo:d t,o t!l~ eli.mrr"".

By t~le first s~ctiml 'of the bill; t1t~ c~edit()rs !lr~ jl~r.ll',it·' siml.er of n:mki'uptcr, who is irnllil'e"i~t(:11 in\'csted with ted in act, wllef) 'ii")';let of B'lllb'~ll?tcy ~hal1 bl! commit. P(l'ilU W !lot (lfl the "ufljeot, The bH1lKrupi iii. imineted by l\ crediw]", !. 'Che trt]C mode (SIIYS ~dlll;) of: d"~t~IY sllltllii{)·lIcd mHl exa.nlilled" and the b;"tli or Yalse"".i.ewi!l~ WMt the law te,:rn. all tlet 'of 13(1nkrupt{lY, is a' hood of the. "allcg'''Uoll 9;;, at once ~$oQert~,in\ld, If it ill "{I).,l (If i'Yl8fJI=wJj. as 1m act f~"1l\ \.,.-hicIt i",.oh-eucy !1"1ay ncce."ltry" 'Wit_,e","cs arc cxmnincd.-c .. ell !' JillY Play b-o '! bcc,nlSldc;;ed, .. ~ ;ndi.caleu~n proof of' which i,he ",.". emp~nnell!e<l, at th~ i!llJ;tl'J1we of eitlH)1: o.:ftl!e p:l,rties;-.-"nd ,.. dit<11' 1$ clIt,tled to, 'l- tlWmpt r,er.ne<Uy "gain ... the im~l· the ens" iJl dC'l"(li,;niJl~<'l "t once" .l£:tl'lc d~?'IIDt is de<lj:o.t~d! ,,,, nmt e~tat~·!' . . tel lJe a banhl.lpi; hm J1;Nlpcny .,~ ll)l\n"<.h~'telr ,'es.t.ecl ~r~

Til!, 1,,!,nc![>le is ~!lIig)~lsly flpp~ict,bte t<l tl'j!dN'~ anI!,; ;cSllignlec~, to, be ~l!J{)"Jln by lile c;-"ditQtll, wllose ,~u~>: it all:1 i, ~Ir",l I1C ... .;r, \I"',~h. my c.,msent, lie e:l;tended to oth,CF bc()\)tlIc~,t<I ,collect the !lame, and m!l.];e lin t)quai dl"~W!1 0.1""""5. A m<,lrchant who nuls t(l l'"'' the d!$CoUT>t on ili<; th=reof .. .mollg tll~ cl,'editol's, \\I1th':n four m"ntJ.~_

I.otc in bnl1k,lTIlwt, ll'lder 'til,., Diode", .~stem o(>f credit, The 1\<1tic,,"., wh"". and hQw t<l' be giYen, e'X'IorW""ti"ll Ilnqllestlou:d>iy he insolll.'ellt; lnlt $~n'dy sncb..3 ciircilm- of "';'tnes."",~, p"'l.>!:' of d~hti!, il"d ';0 fO'1:I.I, belong' to the. "l1rJlC",wout<i "UQf·t"! ;. Vcry sJilf1lt PJ',,~uT}1ptiUI!I or th(1 Ill •. !JIlll\!te d~t"i.l.$ with w!'~(,ln J willlHlt U{l~,bl:.the :Sen.te at oul.YiJ!l(:Y. of 1> till'lner., l!'dced" tile wh~e $!.',tt:rll 01"00'111- i this 1J,n1e, Durins' th~ Il~QCS&'.<!'Y hwe;;tlg!l;tI~ns. the bf'l'Ik· pl. ,Iso,.)" n~ld;;mptcy, l!;, In nil )"'ls1'·e~,ts, applic~b"J. e.~'I1.'''-' 11upt IS s~rll,m1:e(i out of the ~~~tc, ,.m~ Iln~IJ.cG'e<l from .'n::lr. to tlwoe who"c o,d;,n"l'Y bil~;r,~""" ·ill a. ~Te"t i'lHi;'- al."iGm. QJ!~hc fill"l di.;t;f.biJ'tiof1 "f the (!~tl\'te> 1.1.,,1> b~nk"')-""~ depend!; llfl(l~ credit, ,~I:ld tQ ti!",.e d"ss,,~, jt 1l1.1t!ft be I"'upt ree~iw;lI. "'ll, tlno,w'~l1.oe pr'?r<.>r(")'\C~ to "t(~,:, :\mOl,nl ~o.rhliecl. . ! ll'\ld 0" hiS <leMs. It hl~ .C-I:,~<!ttQI'S r<:C"l"<i1 ~ dmdel.,d of

ll"for·e_<:!:cd:itors are penniUed tQ a~, ... il themseh7es of 175 per (j,entl.lffi; I,,, ii\ i1!owed ... commission of'10 pel' cen,. the bellefit (if ih,s act" they ;~re requjrt~ll ,to gi"c bcmu tmn, proviae(l t~i! wlloJe, 1I~lo"'·lI.'1ce $hill not ,c.1?""d fO "'IIS,Wel" d~ml\ges :md Cl)st~), ;i.1,d "vel) the.nlhy ali" !lot S8QO, Should! h,s c~,tate ulnde:ro per ceutum, IlC 151l1. perm'U.e..:! topoocccd; IIInless their. demand;; ,~hiil :.m,Otllit I<),w,,<l. (l. <;".ro!l1i~iQI' of 5 p~r cell tum, mot Il$l;¢edifll(' to $l.,O(J.O. 'tb;<;; il,~~¢""ly of tll(;&""'(tI'qri~iQl1~ J')t!:cd~ <10 $'50(), a.",d, .11,,,,1,) th0 <i.ivid.\l'lcl. h~ ~ I!lJe~ SO !Ief. cel,th.,. ..

mllstJ·~ti()Il.· : 'tli~ I<ikrWf1ilC~ ",,,'mQt ~~C'ed ~.'lOO,. '. .

"'0 Ii'. 11ll.--lS ' •

,sENh.'l'.E .. ]

. ,?ne oflll~ most material pro~i~ion6 irl this bi!ll. i, that ing a:~~m.kE~pt law i IH!:J the1'lgh~ of ~l"asing t?e debtl,)J' W'llch. 8ul;;;b!iu.k:s fo~ the Commiss5.<>n~I;S •. \.)10. w~re' the ana. bm<1m!\; Ihe !'l111101:'11)' of tile ercdltors b<y the IlCt ·<)f Age.l]ts j;onnedy employed in a1:l""lnist.el"n~ the .l"'~, "~.-~ tbe n,njl>rity 011 thl~ subj<ict, i. or 1:1';" l'eM' ~cil:ee of smell

G"~"!!Al. C(JQlYl~~I<nIl'It ofIJ1ituif.uptocy, "I'M experience, 31:<W. T'hl~ prilJdI,I" is U'nivl?l"Sa;L· • -

both'or ,Engllind Gild '~merica, is conclus've to sbow ti."t In France, tllf~."cf9Utlh. of the·~re~hof" bind the rest.

this has he;eu,tlittE!mkpohit tlj'the[;118~cm, E(lfn tlee:lares, . ]!i Spoon and ijolland,- due.haU; in amoun't; two-thirds tha~ nl?twlthstan(U IIg tile 1II111le)'OUOS ,Impt'O'I'lIDlel'lt$ mtro- In numb er,

du;ceil.li'lto~th~ I>Il.ilJo.'tlptsystem in e"I,"'-anel. he consi([etl!i' til el)g-I:;II"I;:four.fifths.an(!~afl:er~iJl::rn(mths,.tlli"Ce·f\fth5"

them o];lly 00 the P1-:'CursOfS, v1' It change ill the ",~geYllti by III Sco(l,md; fWr{;e>fo"ith~..·, -

'W~()~. 'the ",sy~e'in is exe,?Il~'t-"a. Gil,.n~c, (IlOoY" It",) In lrd:md, i·!u·ec.:fifU,s.,

·<:Il(·luch'v;".1l ~e wmth. all tnc·1'e"t." All who recollect With. this known ~n<1,(!Sl1bli5hed practice nrth0 whQ1e

th'e 9pel"l>.tlo.n of the act of lllOO, COMtI,l' th.'lt~he W1l1l11t of commercial world on tills sllbjeet, the it~~ettio!1 in the

.. clmracle_r :'l-nil kllowl~lf\'';: in t'1~e Ciln..'1.'!1!is~Qne:rs ,":,fcdlfe 'ColDstil:utioci, of tile p.ower to pass ban krupt laws, accornmosteffi:cl~ll.t cause of the e,·ij~ somuch COTllp)aUIe.d ·of ]Ji\ulc&by id!hllilatiOI) on tlJe power ofthl;' lSt:a1es 01'1 this ll"!de"!,,thnt sr;>te~t]l. The r.emedy wll:~h ~.e :now propose ('U' slibject, seems to leave ve'E)i litHe doubt 'of tile power of tIns, ,,]S, to Sl.ll)stl.tote <lltm.".te CommM.mm.:r -for the whole COII~e3S ill' this mattro"" at l$;,-st to the extent here lUU,y ofof!'ieers, provided ~r·tli.ef;)j'jMr' l~w.I'" Eng'!:uid; claimed. _ As to tl;", justice ofthe principle, I believe, they Ilfive been c.o"~1""l.ly ,dimhlusil.i"gthe number of that, in point <lffoct, Ota appl!¢iltioo will be beneF.c;"j, and CO:nlF?i"''''m:'ejos. llnd stiJI tlley are tQQ mimer(l't)s. ~y not !ltjur:iOIl~ to creditors, \~ho ever he,ll'S of<! o;re~itor ':ulop:mg this I)l;t,l" '\'al<:nt. d!aJ:~cw, and expersence, w.II,1 1'e'Gml'l"g" :my thmg f.:oo'l"l ail m~Qh'enr deb-em' !~! the 'be secured. By til • fOlwer 1(\"" 't!le COlllluissiom':l'li, ,IT 'tl""'~lSlln(lii wb<l l1'IYI;' sworn out of j"';'~ says the eminent whleh there were three in each case, received nvc <io'llru-s l~wyel' before '1:"o)W.(I, "1 never knew ·oo.e who ",ft.-r-II: day each, I1m1<;;";5: a ch.u"b""e "POll th" in.<ihellt ,e,,'!-.>.te of "W,,">Q~ p~id his o.leb:~!} The olllnll""Cli.::ll effeC'!; dlcrr,. Me",.. tioD.rn<. ,ltis' now pl'opll~cd to ~"b"'tltli.te oneCom- of k-""ing- a. ])'IJ'I'C1I claim uncancelled, would he to I.,,· 1ll.is.siQn'l',",amlto gl,':e hl'Il.I.~" doHal'S a rl~s ; ti,Wl. $~L\iIIg JlI~s:'lhe ell~'I",?ies o£tbe .,Jeb~o~' •. ~!:(~ pN,:'ellt him from to the estate one-tlllrdof 'we whole expen • e 'I'~th the m"'l~iJl.g :auy efliart!l to rerneve lllS affair _ ] have 1110 dQ\!bt (~rtailJly ~"'! all pa,rtiCi!. win he lJetter c5er"',:d. Th",rei~that ~){<:d~toJ'i1 in E\'ellllr,al wourd st,,,o::i. a nlu~.h b<),tl:eJ·dl~nce o~y 'O!~e d,l'Iieulty m the plan, :1ll~1 111ar :~J"lses from the of receIVIng theIr de m,md& f~()m the honor 01 ,,~cle~sed

, j~J~oss!bj.Jiity ofobtlll.lling" tl~e. a'tte,'~l~llaegf tt, eG:~.e!'~!. itl~ol.'c~t de~to~, than from ""Y lepl ~h"ins 'in which til ~ (;ommL,;;"on"," a.tremo.e lfHtrt.'of 'I'll", 00"''':1)'; 11m ... ". could hind hll", tileQ1ul' dl'ec1 ofwhl!:!:i would be to expr(Hided fQl' by giVi,ulg .rum power. (under t~e .dire:ct!on of ~~perate . Ius t~lI1pei', ".t1d cripple I!~s esertlons. It is no! J!1'I:CQ'~rt) nfsubst<ta,tjllg a S.pec"l COIDJlliS-~~(l",¢r'lll]ile: JJl linlor o,r ,. b~rl'~ll l1g-ht lhuhocwl,y IS t,,·j,:;.e the serculiar cases, It i~ believed lila. nineteen cases out of "ices or a large portion of it\; dli~ells. Debts are ereat:W~II!y will ID'1.se i'n the. tG}IDIIl.(lI'd,d. cities, 01' .in places tures of soci(lty •• ""d the rilles w~,"i~hgov(;m them cai, where the Geiieral (;omm;ss;oner' nil! be able to a!;tend, <;>1l1y be preseribed by ~ti"." l"w~. E. "- state or nature, and, th<'.l.'cl'OIire, ru .. ,ch in,'t{"""~i:lie!1e<: wa! l>CIt oms" fr= debts, inh",,)' ~xist f,t ,.11, 'mmlC' be enforced by the strong thi~ C;I!lI$e. The Gene.'Ill Commi."lOl.uli·l. 'o:mde (ill, ,lltCe7' arm of power. III ciy,iizetl countries, til")' can Otl]y be <:ifllor. D~lHd 00",,1 of iJh('. United Stnt~s. nnd subject, in enf'Orc·ed by ceurts of Justice, and Stu-ely &ociet)' m"y

- a.1l eases, to the control of the Judges ofthat. C<)\lIt. pl'e&:;libcthe terms on which tllelr aid slmll be aW,.m.l.,,1.

, S~ichc.:1'e.UI'e jlro'}e,,:tillb"S _00 be reseeted to ;11 SU1P'-I~o:r!' We .kl:'Qw, tIl",t, on. t~is subject,g,:",,,t cJ~,,"go::s have takc:m of tlucJ",wl8 of .tilt t?_cdiWr;, I tum, 110110', to tJ::e' relilit to place ITO publ.e '?J,llmOll. l'O'I'iirl""'!Y, the d"bto.o w81S .th~ be extended to Y,edebtw. At the cenelusion of the slave of the CJ"ediro)'. 'Unci,!>, the Roman 1;",., be illig-ln. whole In'>$illt;,;, he is to be clltiJI1 •. -d to :Ius ~ertific~re of be 8(J1d, :l.nil so might 1.I'S, wife and children. In some discllJll'ge. This is g;r,,-~ood by th~ Ju(lg .. , '<)11 "certific:lie, paruoE the Ea$t, thi!<,pl'ltct\cll s -lIlli'Cn.il·, ll:- the law to be S'll"'VM by two--11Iii'(ls ",rlhe creditors find. til'> Com- .of the Twelve T:IJbl~!i) as it hes hecn expounded, w·e are

. rnissIQl!o\ that his conduct hilS b:CCll r"'f ,,,.(1 IimTlcst The: told th~t hi~ body might be cut ',II', :>,:l" t1;\.'j,led ~m(,ijg' df~ct oftbj~ disch~',ge _isant.'l!iite Tekf1~~frvn< all ~a:·ts1itlg his C"~ditOl:S .. {;'J1(lcl' Lhc <.;h~'[gtb1! l::m'pm'o,'~. tI;"""'.I'il;id ,ikmwJ(ls. Two o~;ectmns, ~J1.d thooe clm~clly oppoootllll ""Ie, we,.., ~o.fk .. \ecl by the ".'III!l:11 Sl',,·,r of HIe Chl'lStl~11 each.otber, have bel'Jlll'a<te to thls pe{lc<>eding. It ie. ob. relig-ion; "l.l(~ th" ;llh'(l<lll<"t;OI! cf ,C()mml1'l"ce \1'~· 11Il)\"Cb" jec.tw,. by s();;ne, tJu,t !,he <;o;ms,,"t "!,, tbc' C]·CdltOTll. ougM 1 sally 10111nl"e(\ l>y ~he adoptiol1uf th~ pl',ncipl,,, that c!cbt& not to be 1:'~ql.lired ,tt all, "0<1" by Q·lae'"$, .th,tt the ~r~)IOI·j;,y I \VCI"C 7;:mti'~ct;<, to be CllfoJ"(:eti:ls !~.t ns. t:IC pl'I)]~~io(l' (If ?f,the cr~litOI" s!,lOuld ~ot ~e b011O)d by the act o~ the :na.l t11'~ &d.lv.»' e:-:ktld~,c~,. ;,,,:(1 fthelnt~'t-5.t Qf Ih~ 1?U[)llC p""" JOl,ty. ~ 0 the fil'stooJechon, I rep];y' th,~t l'IO p'raC!l_cMmla~d. O!l th~ p.~nc'plc$ l",,"t ~h15 1'"m;'~'Oli bl) SlIPmO;lIlI1"il,menc'l' 11M ilvl!l>l"e~ult<;d fl'om the 1.'tI,le COlllTJlmllCd 1',,71.,1, ""'t, ,on {"esc r.:,'(]>.m~~"-., [1'>1"" .... n1l;:-, ",as Ibe CQll~ 0:£ Nobody b"" ,e1:t"v comploor,c'cl,of1t, eitl"T iii 'Bllgi~1~d,8ti~ulicll:l.litrm the fOI'lll<ll' h!lllbt!pt l~w :diirm~!i br all

(.I!' ill tl;is cou.:i\l'y. No h,,~\c~~ <kbw[' has ev~> yet jhn"d U\1l: Com'!'!; ill this C()t1l1!~'Y' , .

to obtain l:.i:o .".,Jense, The s"lX,·"d: obj(·.ctiof\ dem:m(]s r oorne now tl) c{)JIsi:k,· th~ l')enalt;~ illlp<>~ed 1,y tlll~ mo.e 119Gce .. The objection he'l'e g-oc:s to the VOrWel' ~s net. The bi<llk1'llpt sr~t~m h",; b~"l1 (";dlcd !l. "el' el :>0(1" :u'cll ,as tll.e.,JlQlic~r and jOlstic.eofl"e!easi!1g a d~bt, witJiollt Mom],' ~)'~tcm"'" It,~ h'll~, ~ll", l!1,t C~Jl\t;l.lI,,,,,,,,;sh)jlel1t~ tliit eipreS1lC!OI1i;ent of the cretiit.{w, A nil.,. fi~SI, I w"Hid hll"t'; in se"~ml COlmtl~eR, [;;;:<'1. i"fli~te<!o" fi'lr.udillent ~Wit'k;' tMf t+li$ objecfllll em, 'ouly "'p'p:ly, ~ll i~$ (,Ill Ml,tOl"li. nlrt dl;!~ dkl '>Iot!;O IT.u~h Il~is<) fh"n the ncces.· fllri:le,t() debts eXisti;l!;, a!~be Hmc' of the p'.s5-"lge. or" .nty of the ca'e, :IS li'om Ill" ""hbl. of res;,l'Iillg" to the lust b~in'llp.t b\i";. f'Ol',. Ill; to 1\[1 d.ebt. <:Ci1tt",~te~1 flfter\V!tr<1,., PIN!.i81Imc~I,,~ the most "ffidc;\t pCl1ilty fQr otf'Cllces. In tbe:vmu"t be cunsidcre<l ~. ,,,.a:de with reference to tile; Englund tbO;;I"¢ !'Ire 1'\0 les~ than two hmlDL1Cd r.,p;tI,1 (If:· exl;titlg 1;1\11";' ..... ('1. ilierefm-e, it wOllk] he ;l part of the : fellces, alld niMllS'the,ll is ~l'aud"ut:llt b'lIlkl"p~~y. Eut contract, (h:J.t, in a. cel'l"il\ c,,,,nt, [\ml \m<ler C~J1=>jll de- tl1;~ filet no 'Hm',," PI'O"€S the Ilecc~$"it)' 01' the p'lmisli~lai-ed ·c!rcuiillitlllnCCS, thedellt might be clmceUed by U'l<l'nt, 'tl",n t!J.c inflk.!iQIl of d",~"tll; jilo-djifad •• g (n£$, l"'"'WS opexaf.il)n or 1s,",. The SC(lpe of tile obj~~tio;lJl,. tJ.lei"<lfQre; t1u, justinc"-lld hllm''_n~ty of th"t R,"?,:is1.(}n: F'Ql:~m~t~ly. 'embraces, 'not the bil-llka~lpt sys:em, but merely tb.e 're .. " we are no( Id\:. to cOh.)e<:,tll''''' OlJ tlns .. sllbJ~e~. I h~ Il1i:'lt ti:osp~,cti\"·e 0pc.r:'Holl ofth"t,,)'~!eTI). B\bt,.""'.OIl in this a~t of the pi'eselitS?'V.:reign.of ,Gre..il.Ull"tml'l \O'!.\s, t<l ~.llb· "j,ew ,of ,th",. JllihJect, 1 sholl151 con~(!ilci, that the' whole, stllMtca. 1i'l,lder pUl'IIshment f", that of ~lea~h, h~rcto!'o:I/~

_s\l~j~ct-m'll$t-lolll~-it~inthe (;oIl5tirutIoll.,"lll.'ower of COli' i'nllic't~(' <nl jj:.'Iudulcllt bmkr<lJ]ts,. Th"t·~m.gk ;).ct; $1',. greS!l J bCCII,...se, (Hi. theft, istlG.nlie'J;N;<i t}.(! vower Ill'" p(l.~$.. elltitles h,m 1.0 _tM g'I'ltiUl~c of Ius COl.l!i.liy.. It hM ~

.61JU

.. tj

[SENATE,

fordedli.II,oti.wr.Ollp~~" of~!i~w,~~~tm'litb::..tl~ isn~t moot·~::)!.teJid£dqfl:eration!o the pOW~1C ,c~llf~d:. . Con·· the ~¢v-e,i:lty; l.!:u.rt.. ffl,il~.!l!ta~t)f; o(;pum~!am..etl~r 1\!Ilj,'qa de- ~ 15- ;:t{>t ·l"Oer.¢_IyM'tborl~ed to ,P~$ ";1, b.ankrt!p~ 1'9.11'," telilfi:?l[lM,.,_~O*",\1is"i.9,lJ.~Qr:c~I;fI.<:l~ .. ·Tb,G,:t!l~dt;h%b",et' 01'" ell";" to c~bl.bl'~h. ".!, sy~-ton ()f b~kt'l1'ltey"~"b~:t tQ e:dtc*{r. p.n.tiipng. '¥~ oll.~·h'.~ng:I,')"d ilmv·,bdi.E!Yes:. . <l",~~,bJh~ ~Ildhrm ]awaoil~l~e.sll.bJ eel. ol'.bank~~t.ey.'~ tbllt:¢;;~p,lJ~ iP'I~;$!l!l1imb a~-e. !lene~fl:t.Y under .ffl~ ;ban!!:- :",tiih.t~cmg.:':1)li.e whQ!e .sub;,le(;t>m~tt_er-banlouptoil}l> o.f!

~o.l~:tlliw~" AlId~ i:ll.th.!' act passed last yea~., !l_(i attemp:t·I}~HIi'y;k;~d anll descp.pboll. ~ . '.':,' .'

11410 ~.eeil -, m:il.&J .. t(lMtore the bsrbarous IlIo'lil;.iQll.Qf tile ·.N;O'W,6t~ay.be ;il;'l.!r;ed, where is the a\.l~QVlt.r·rCl' confinfowmer la\,'Sc .In some ~o1rl)h.je5;9adg<'.5.·of rJI5g1~..ce-fue iOS'.Il\IDI:;\'Upteig~ 'el>.cl\~"cly to commercial raen 1 SUJidy·. ~rnil' Clip and the yillbw CQp:-b~~'" been illlpolI",.r on ,fj'IlU' , noreliance ~p.e. P!LC .. c.dhn the etymology of'the ternl (i"knt ~b:~o\"S .. .lJut ail ehese tiUII!r-' aro at>,l!ol'!','nt to the :.J;~rup( ... Ibs. ·d~"',,d,. -we. are. told, from oa"Jm~,' '" {".,Jings ""d the 0p,Jliaru; of til" .. Am,eiri<;;al!. Peeple, We: ber~i:h .. or :Ii:lhlei.!'n..d.rupfus, bl'J)k:en; ,bec.aus<;, the t,a:1Jlcs. have, tlliin'lor.e, ,simply pl'Oyi@d, th!lta Ih.IJ<luJ:<lnt bank- of tb(}.mol.ley.d~l.'9· at thef:..rr:!; were broken up \vl.en JIIipt ·,,!.\all [;,e deprived of .,~e berieliit of the I\c.t, and sh+ll; I tl~cirQwllJ"1'9 al.>scolllled.: .: ..•. . . ... . .... ~ ma.~~)p.1'el", ,,,!fer jur(lri~~,rne!lt for II peJ,'i"$l Ilo't Jess th a n : .1'bM this' Is [,0 !oOllge!" its si~lIificaijoll, ~vrnae admitted . hV" yeoo'S, not 1ll01>~ lr,a.n Wl1, We hope, tluu, by tim. by all,. If confined. to its vl"igiruu melln'llg:;. me:t<:hall'b biJ!l., .we will make itthe interest of del)tot:S to he lio,llest, , tllclIlselves· would hardly be ·en:rbll!-<:;:d by tlie' tqi'ro.. If and 'of creditces to be j!ls!_, ~ml, at. :.U. events, we f ",I. we-·tlm\ eo works <>f the luicopphets, orto the. most ~,,(l tt~~t the best g"C\l.tit~ wlJl be ",Ir()niccl agalll~t, approved writers, we will find the "'01;:! .bankn,pt.to btl " fi1':lld, Oil the one hand. ,1,1).11 of QprW<1l1~OJl,; 011 rh~ otI:H,r •. llo",,·u.nderstllOd in a mild. IDO'I<e eoI31'g;:.Q.. sense •. !ill',

Arl~lhel:·fea~ul:e·ill tl:i,s bil],.I.:ilioli.I ~1~llklt I?I'ope:r Il~'W , Johnson defin<:$·~·.bll.nbl.lipt tube, "a;I',,!reon iouebft~d' . to lloncc,'IsU,e e.JXUMUJlIoj tlri!t pf'li'Ir= which was 1n-. beyond ~lie· pow",r of Jl:aYlf'!'!llt i~" lind tillS. IS Ute sense-su serted ill the net <!i' ~8<:JO., (bWTiJweclfr,gm .,tb.e B"gli~~) i wh.icb :I:.he term is. used by·tll" most. lipptoved au,t.hors, s),,*m, whicll't ~lil'l d'mgI·,lees,) I mean t1~[l.t which mad,,: Oentl,erneri call oue ;fLUel'l.tion to the 'legal cl~iUQli flf 11<4 wife liable. to l!e .1IJj.:;m;'ned{ll1.o,·wi.I'lIII/JiJ q;gai;nst th-: iws· i ba.nb'l,lp'tey:. B~lt here ]; IiillSt remfttli.' 'thlll·lt ianot fl' lulJut:_thlJs lor;m,,'n,ing ~h():le sacred ties Oil which the OJ'· ,oommQnkmi !c"r.}, BMkrnptcy jll Ellghml is II CiielrM~ der <In.d hap!))flesis. of' society depend. That provision of, t1vi:'~latilu I4w. The writers on the common law gi\'e fil1d~ no p~.ce ur .thi5 bill. . ' U~, no diJinilw", but Ill.el'!ily aesr.rioe Not 1Jf71IWl<! wllo )1:):"

I come, nQW, 10. tt,.., last polntou which I prQPnse, at. em,lwaccd wlthln the statutes, NOll', if it cou1cl b",clc~l~Y present, to say .any :h:ng-l mean 1'Or.IDIT."1~ "A"',,-: shown tha.t the Briti$l~ statutes, from the time of' Henr-y n.C!'1J'''.1.. The f;ill p,·",:jdt:s, tJut pCl'sonJl. not concerncd : the Eigbth down to thi,~ day, h~d urufru>mly included mer~ ill t,.,d~ m>y. be ~1",1<: ~''''Ik!'~pt em I.h" ~'pp'Hc"lio,ht o(lbe~f' ~ c~~"tlrs ollly,lI'itllir, tlIeir pro\'i$iolJ~. i,~ t;l!gM beeontended c~e(h!ors, ami u'},!ifttke-.ro'W"nC(fIlRmt. It issupposed thl.t)t WIth much force that the statute aelliu.tlOol't of a bankrupt will be foe rhe beneflt of creditoO". th:tt their debtors.should was:" an il,solrf:l~t u'adcr!' Butthis i.; $9 flU' from bemg b~ iiiduc~d. by the prospect of obtainin.g" d~~chfJl'j,>'e. to the 'C~ISC, that I Olss'ert,oonfidelltly; that there neverhas S~tb,Mlt themselves 1.0 the operaticn of tIll! ball:.:rnp. SYB' been ll. IJeci(id, $);)'0"" the 1.00uOIltlotl0!1 (Yf- b~Hkl':.crJ't Ill.W8 tem,.n,n.uno.iucolJ,'wiellGe is "PIweh,"IlUe(lI'i'Oma provision into GreaL Drit.a;n, when some persons other than traders .so _ctl rt!17u.lJy ~.lilrdad. The time 1'"1>$,. ",he;l comrm:J'CiaI were not embl.'aeeil within their previsions. 'The st,u,.:.te men were alone e:,\:posed to vicissitudes, That time M!I of H~nrr the l<:ightll,. ·the ji'r~t bankrupt Ia.\I'. "tbe very passed away; farmers •. meehanies, ·profess.iol'c:o:.I mCIJ, in corner stone," as it has been s!yl~d, ·of'th~' whole 5y~1ern. ~hort '!,ill. classes of OUT reUo,w' citizens, have e'~<:JI i" theil" was not eonfinedto merchants, but embracedall classes turn .e~el~eJl<;~d toe. effects ,Qf -the political. Ull<1..~m" 'of men. Tfl~t stf,tlJte is elltitlett .. A ;]a\; <llflins.t s~I,~h as mercisl con .. uJslOl?~ of tile lust twenty yea!'s., aHd~1'I'~,· do make b:lJlkftllpt," a,lId wile!! ,~ . ., exauune rts PW<ISIQll$. tk,e pre.~?-tlt ~~i"'()II.<Jf ·out· c<)l.Itltty> !>lit! the \'cry struc- we. ~",d them levelled I'IJ~'a;nst al.l those" who ~l't,i'i;ijy Q~' ~'1I''''' of .o'lr.Qc •. ety, It may be doubted, whether they "t.o.med the goo:!s of ouie r me» ,1M" fied, or kept their mmrt .n(}t coruiuue to be exposed to simib- ""lamities... "h()llSe5, not m:'Ilclillgtt~ p:ly their debts." Tlu5 !iescrip-

It ~~ allt !l~. P1J:I'P;<:><C to say any tllfng ~~ to tile policy !.iOIl wo.:,l(1 ,e.mlm:we.. all ft'[ljud~~l(:nt tru.~tees, 01' agents, (Ill IJf'tl"us I',XWiSlOll •. Miy Ol!l11 wish ie to obhull a. c'OrwllI:}'cial nbsconding cl~ht,l)rs; nil per;)on~ 1;1,l1)Jl.calillg thern~el"eiJ !'!lv.. But,. a.~ some gentlemen fe.ei anxious in beb'llf of fl"Om their Ci"cdito'i"S, i.;beti:lel' mercilants, tarlll:",1'$) !lu':chll.-' m~~gli,culUl,'><1 ltlteTest of t:bis ccmntr:v, to g'Ul't: tll<lm the. mJics,. or otltel"S. Here th(l bads'es uf ha~'krupt"'x ;U-h 'P"~",l~e or DC'CQmHljl' ba'lkl·'"pl.;!, I do. ""tobject, The ,!'rami ;)."cl COf\c.caloo~JI!', .v;th"m l\(;igJUoJ t(!l the charoctel'; coml~ul~C)''Y~l;Jstem \,"""" call b~ eo:tc'nded~",th"m. "'hell' ill' el!)pioymOl'!lt of tbe, off~nder. Th,<: ~I"~rut'" (;If 13th t!,e b~u"kmli,t··biR IV~S b,<;:fore Cllng:re'~ OIl a fOf!N:' 0"';". I Eli~'f,hct:'). c. 7,collfiued the ()p~r:1tir'lll of tile' ballkrllpt $)O.fi' l:t)lr:LS",S:1i(l':tlW-l. i~ cl:eat~~[ a pr;"iieged. m'd~l'; and, laws t.o.mciI"Ch~nw "or othe~ j)"!"O!ls.~ee~. 'llg' thei:r )j"injr' th<lu.gh rt,~;~,,·answ,erod; that l~ ·IJ!I.I$t ce,-tam!J' be "t~c, by btlymg lIIrrui&elhllK," Whi:ch d.e:;;Ci~ptlons tlJe Jmlg-e.; O!::1e~Of.ll_l!s-erYi'}ti~lll"J\.lI ... melll w~te not slIti,;tiell; nmd have !Je~d. not in be e.s:c1ll.sh'ely ~pplio:r.blc to Uade·l1's.

this f'~O\"Sl()~,:~~endll,;"tbe PJi.vUeges ()fthe system, g'1'el.... The ~'t;.1:ute of' 21 ;,"ane5 r. extellcl..ed .it to ", scrivenen;" <Jot! ot ttlH\'!: fe<)l:41g-":.<Gcntkme.n wlio. ;).IX) \veU in,fOl:i'""d --a cl~$s 'of men Ullknown in til,s CO\wtt-·, bat '1'11,0 ~"l'e 'M.th" &I.l!'je",r, ~sst.~~". ·;li:.th!>(.t:I.,;,~ .pr<!vision will be ~» d~¢t·ib."d if) the .ElIK~sh ~~""1l "!l.~ persollsl'OOei"ir',g DIl"'n' tl'crnd~r t)~w,:lic,,!l)1l ;t~'!l'J'CI'il~f)~, unrl.it is Hffiici"llt to'!' men's m.oll(ly~ or e:st:::.t.es into their tJ.'U.'lt or cllstody." A m':,t'o bej;.e~ thal,t ~"lln~t,pl'<l{bjll~ mischief. I will CRn." mOil"')' scri:ver,,~l'," lIS he is called in EI~g!<IOd, !$ not pro~'i:!ly "'Ck'IOll'ledW"1 hkc'''~~~ .flint J '~~.el wine illlcl'-(1st in pllily" l!:mk~~, he is .1101 :l ll1erch,~nt, nor IS. lIe ;;. b;mli.er; ',~fr()lll.tilc .COII\·j(;t;~n H\jll'M.!j.~nk:~apt I,a"y c:l.il be pllssed he h,ls 1]<) Cilr!lt!l.lof!us -OW11, '!lor iSllc r:mpIO',\"ed g'eJlerally "'1thQu~ ~uch:, 1Il'61;1::.Q"~. ' ..... ' ..... '.). • illbuyil1g~ I'Jld ""mag, H;~ :lol~ ,h;ltJ 1S ~'O a:ccci,\'c Md in· .• Llla!'lI1g: the '1'''!S'',')I) nf IXlpt{hCIJQI to (l.trlers, 1"".11 "cst th~ iundlt of 'those who w),sh to make p!uesllI)~nts of

tmelly:11 o!Jce 1:'(: wJ1.4Hhd;ionfil·p"tnl.:. JAm inSll'uct",,1 by :lAy kind, "!lei for th'$ set''''';ce he 11~Ce.iVC:8. a (j",d campen_ {l~o.cQml1.';Hec.m:cr:ely, t?pl·ese~lt tlj~,q(ll6JJti~I~'Of'~okr;i!J,.r:1" i ~.ti(lll. He i.s p'l,?:pcr'ly a tn!l.sUe~ (PI: a~tll, b\it -celttill!Y

. b~l:lf;rt~l)l~y.to dIn dN'SlO;) ,of .t)J.e,$:eI1:(I,~e;t>m,.rtJs"l>"'i:li.al:'s. I M Ulerchl\u~, '(Ile stllMe of .;, (.e<l!'ge n. .<llil!>t"C,~d. my d~ltY;I"'-¥I'leiM org<.mems .lil'lle! . .mlJ.y;be'~clj.nlts! bfm.kJ:Fti, tuoMI'fl, anti fa~t'm, &c. Up to tlus !l~l"!)d. ·'·~Il!lill·t.TJJe posit,,,,, ~ss~lm('iI agmltSt.t1~~;·Pl>(1l'l;;i.rlll is,. I th~I'cfOl·<t, i~ wLH be pCi'<::dn:d thnt !lot Qnco!' the Bl'j,ilill u,,,t C?llP=-.h:a~.·yo,~CJ.·. ol1ly to .pasF"· .ogiil":,ppll.:i.i;;J,,, ! ~wtu.t«~ CCltiined the hankn'l't 1."'5 ~"c1usiHdy tOlne'r. tl,,,t t4,~-~"~J,,,;l~~ .. adv. Qnly;aud.~-llm:rQt.h.e.;oo.e:"'"t~ndl;\d I cll..~nts , Md, if th:l,t !i .. nrt ;sollce p:J.SlIe,!, I am nt t> JjJ~s to

. ~ ~o? ~llllbmC:<"9.t'~~l"lJru'!ions,:,:~;,e:ttll'n~."~~in t~e~.coil-'l d.\l>C9.\:'~.: .at)~'oU)er. ex. cept ti?¢. $1/\:11(1 disc.r¢tiV.1l aDd e;o.$htabcn ai'll: nn:Y!)JCcCI,*' .. ~}nd:~~e;:"(I(I('$lg!le~t() 1!11'(lthc: r,g-btclied ·iV'L~dom. of tile Leg·'51.j.:ui·~. llut these StalutlCS

.'. . '; .. , , '. ~ .. '. '.... .. . .

~Z'-~~~~~ __ ~ ~ "~~~ ~ __ ~'

S:~~A T'E,] Iliml<n.qit Em.

lCil>J~JJ;Yt<!eaived. n;omjndicial:deei§io""'" much'liJori! tiX-.' tis:e ~n e;::te"~,i,,e diSc:retio;"}" 'SIr; I Il!\,"" no -deubt that ten!i<ld 'op,}a~(>l)tlt:i~fIh: ,vo.rd~," !)"o.uld,.lI.t t~e_flrst view~ tl.u; Supreme t:oui't wUl s1,ls(!l.ill the coristitIlMlI.\.I,ilyor seem to !IJIport. Nilder llie detcl'lpMnpl persons .. s.eek- this eystem oholmiWy b""n)truvtcy. In ~"d,htioll to whae ,i111r ~e! living-Ily blfybi,l; snd ~.illing,." .fur;ners; dloQ\'(;ts, I I~'\' <; ah,ove stated, ~ will now add! tha!, :~fter pl'epa~illg me<:lul.!lics ..... ,!a.y, 'even ftI)Me'mCll; [and dqg!l'nelt; too, . this bill; It was snbmitted til orne of the :tbl\].~t .Iudg'es on l;J)O'ug-J) ",,,ipres;lt pl'Ol1,\bi!etl tl.yst.ulI'te f.r'om engl\gm:~ 'r •. tlmt bench, wh6;. aRer" cal'l:ful e."-,,u.ir),at,lOll, wg'll""ted trad!eill!:~'a:lIl.'!edEll'''d Id be withi~ t.l:!c bl[J~l'lIP.t·:m"'~, l.evCT:>.l,am..:m:l!1i.elltB, bU!m.dcnobl~ettlo"tQtili,!d:.,>:!~.' ;Now,'in }1rl~d>' the ~l!:.\hM_~ !lre wllat.tlic ;judges 1).11)· l!lold. m my bmld Ii, P'l'tllt~d ~ket<;h'Gf a: b~nk"ii.lpt 1>l1l. ~(}ll"ce-thel:)l ~o bee _rid. thus it mrulll'e,tly ftplP,earsj tll3.tt . pr~p·md a few y,~, since by a~\olhcr able mtmbu or at· the ,~tme' 6t . ~he: !!<i'optiml. 6f oul" COTistitu.tiIOn; and a.t that bench, In w.h;cb lie himself propose..s. a system of vC).,

· eVery 11"eri6d lId'Q~ ;lTid since,. fronl the. first IIltJ.'OduetioJl. luntal'Y ballm'uptcj s;i'llik to thi... Dcseending from ili.e <of 1iaillm'p~('.yw t~j))·,d:lYi 'the 11I'itisli bankiJ'npt Iaws :w~e [l'mcili to th,e Barj r find that the Jeamed ,,>'Cn'tlcmen wl><"l 1n,eyer &6-,.,f,n~d to t!'1l£l"'8, and th~t it hns been die \ul,{Qrm in:.d!" IH1Ch pc:h'l,,<*ili!';' efl"(lI't,; il'l th<! other H<:msl', ~ few ~r"'7tl;ct! nfolltc Leg1s1".tUI~ in tbat coUntry, tQ en!ar~e ~r Y<:Ii.J" i.linee:., in~Ii":ot Qf lI-"l~an1trullt I~w; "llIh.-h o 0PJ1o.e,l diim.n\sh. tile .clssses of persons t(Loe embraced 1V1lillll 50. il!1'ellluemsiy tl:\>!! pro''i'JSI()ll,I1i!''er once ventured to astllrm; to suit the wants Or C<'1W~I\lel\()e (II the tOllntry. sen Ib~t it V.'M .. nc'J>!;JtituJ.imwJ: Th"',. b.I1P-'lJll.ge waB, . '!']le l~tBi'il.i!!b nii;.l, (the sL'l.llllte qf (; Geoll!'gcIV, ch. l6,) "eran we go' flu'tin'I' than to merchants 1ufd u-,!C1~1'S ,. cemhtil.oes"in express terms, ill addition to. mur:t:lumts ... nd «Witbo-ti.t undertatillg to saywe cannot, we. are free t~,'

• 1'flid<'f't,. •• bankers, brokers, 8'011"", ers, Hie and ~" •. lne "<;Qnf".~ \V{O $1).0;. 111:> nece~s;~y fot it." ,

· "'imml'e!"3, warehouee-men, whnl'l;"bN:N,·,~ck"j"; b'lud'''''9; Butwe have the 'express ;l\,l,thi>!'ity of 1011,. House ill f",

.. carpenters, sbipw"ght., inn-keepers, d::erS', f>Mlltel'S; "(it I)f the oons-t'tutiOiii\!.il)' of tills llf'( .. ;'\~iol1l: When tlltl "ble"ellc~ :[u'ilel'S; <;~I~nd~N';:~. ,ru;tde andMltl!l[J a:ull:Sc banknlpt bill W:IS betere the S,NUlte in 182·0, two propot·mcnt" &Cl' , . :si.tibilS ,",'ere made to extend il9 I'J'Oo"jsi:oll"8 tOPCI'l;(l"1;< otllel'

. It hns been often nltmtlt);ea, to Ur.<,'" an exact lin~ hftlj,,:n tta.-le.ni, one by the honorable g"lntlem~.1 fl'(ll)" ;;I"ille, liimflctlol'l betwee.~ bankrupt and in~"lv~»t "'''''s, but ,J. (),rr. HQL,.",";) whose amendment the bmllm,tte" i,,,"e ;W;>.y.s, I think,. wllhemt success. Tn.;> two syotelna run adopted, "Old the other by th" .I~'i'ned gentlemen f~om :;"ffie .. ch otbe"; In some countries UJ~, bMlge of bank. Belawai'e, evIl', y,,); D1iKf.;) ,~till more unlimited Its terms, .l-"p.~~.isf r a~in ·~t,he,'$, ~l i:> ./lij},J ... Bdt J am inslined l'bi~ lasrpeoposition, which \""~ Il'!'e,!itat"d OJl. the ex~ to thnlk·th~ mo~t'lIlIfo~m distlnction I\-,ll by found to con: tension of a .system of y,)hmt:u')' bankhlptc;l'. i:~ (Ill rlQ$!,1l8 \Sl~~ hitkc.. C;l7te1).~ i>!tI<e felit! :g'l-·JJ\ted·!.o debtol's-:-those in tna COlillll,n1it'!l; WIll>.:ofter I;d~ diseussiou, I;wi.;", solemnly bel'ng C'9.1.led i\!'soli'"ell~ laMS \vlnicb pt'OVide merely for ~h7 "",n~1JIJ.lI.od by.dlc S'ofl1lk...-oo1l die 2Sd9f)lm",il; by" ,·ot"· irclease of thl: perwni and tllQstPllnfcnrpt !~ws whIch <.>1" 2S' to 13, ... ",,1 oil the 3~st o~' the 'a,ne fitonth, by l<, VOle pro'i'i,'I.<l for the enta-e di:mhru·" .... <if the debt, . I think gero· <)I' 25 to 15-, w" have, therefOl-e; ntl"tl\oril.y, jo"dici"hm(l tl_emim. wm be .... mbarrsssed ;1' the attempt'>! measuring 1eg;.lalive, (>11 t1li~ subject; CCIt'llnly entitled to' gl'e~t 'the pOi~i' g'i:'llt.e.a to CO'Il~r~s ~ll. ~j,;. lSllIbj_ect, by, the ~,:e.ight;., In s:ivlng' tb~ .ai-gmnents ell tl~i$ point,; I do !iO~ 'the ev!'>t,\'ul'}'Jog ,;m;nd~lxl 01 the J3j'.us!\ ~btllteS, If we "Item} to 'txpre~ a c)e<l.l' Q~' de';lo:le(l opuuon 1)1 fa~c, 'must 'follmv them, I pl'"I>sumli. we can include lJ'eilliermQI'e : 0'1' the cons.titlltl(lll:llity of this p,1'Ol'isklll-1 "Ill ccrl,cinl:-< '!lcr Iess in pm I;;w). then we 611cl wl"tMln. ill lh,eW~=i\"d ,,,,cline.:! to th.t opinion, but I "'illlbt,," to the al'!;u,,:ents ~'hen "'C wi!! yr~~~(lt ~i:l\" str:m~ ~p:cb.cl(t to the world 601 tl\" .Mher' ~i~ .. lI'"i.I]1 C<t1ld!>l-, ~"C!, weigh them c:;~"'h'Uy.

:of the a.l1leJ'l~ll~1 L~g,s1"tuj';e joHowlIlg the ~t)';lo.s ef tl!e kMjll"g' my mind open to 'c'()JMdIOl', .

British P;u-lilllll!.:nt. 1)"1 ,UPPlloJ"t 6f,I1IJ:'5e "iews" I w,11 11\ c.~nelllsioll; }..ll, p,.",sidell!,l wOlllds~" to the S"natc, ~llotc the op:inion ddi'Vel'e!lI>y tile Chi-:;f ifllstl'Ce bf til e tbat, in ltllS bill, the committee have frurnc,d .. s:r~-te 111 or 'Ullited States; in .tlle c ... ~c '}f" Stm-ges ilnd C'rowlllJishhcld, b:mkruptcy)'which will, in thc~r Opilli(in, gi'~·:.tl)' COlltl'I' (4th Wheaton, 195;) ," Ail {l~·ooil."; :~~y$ 11,0, tbM tlli& IHltct'l)gi,'~ security to CI',tditOl'S, >I"d re\ief to debtors., ., Ime (tbe line of si<p:tr;,ti"p between bllnkl'H!~t M<l insol. i w;·~h'n \.he .pho'" of ~ts °l,er"ti..,,,, It ie bdie\'::d tbat· il ~f"'''l\t lll.\V$.) '.tillH.!>", in" fl"i'l!:J.t ,lc(,""C'; il:rh,tt·9.1'Y, . Ah "fh",'s the st.,,"[C"'t mcim't.'ffi"nIS to d·ebtot'R 1m' jlQ.n".t "tl"ilLIg.1l til~ t\\'O "ysteJlIJI rmvie e:cisted ap:ut f~ol'n, ea.ch Je~dhlg; th<ll it hckll; (lOI.t Q, t",mptmlm.l t.o "Ilwivent Il'",d~~ ~"otb.<"I:. the!'e is ~utch" C'}lIl1cctioli OGtwoJ.en.i:be'fl'l is· to 11:11· to 'in",ke n timely SlJ.l1''"1lt1.~[· of thcir rj-f<;cct~ to Ilu:d.r credi .. ~. der Lt ditii."'lJltto S:l.Y liow (.r trre,y ru:'ly ~f: blCll.deil togee tQ)'S; ml(llh:l4 tlms; j, wiUII,L\'C " 1)Qo"o.'tf,,] tel)denq to :"gethe!:. The~lk:~tlpt· hl\? is ~aid to grow Q\!t ~)fth(: e;ti" I 'P:~""i t ()",~r.l,--w.i"~, m~tl de"pel'ale :l!IYl'mu:res. 'fhis biJi~ ~:,!\.,mcJ".s o'~ ~QITlr.\erc~, '<Iml to '"<; il-r>ph~.bl(, ~'Jh~l:v to',> 1.1.,.- g,v:s reMer to ?'ed~'tots. to ''''r''"t.thc Ib,ud.,l1<;fit ~"",,.'r Q,t ," ,d':l~. b,1t ii:;~ ,wt ""'.!! f~, ~~!J t"~f..? m.r;:y ,M ~cl,,'ltt1 J,~m, I \I'len' J"h!O''',)-fllrlH~hes " pro"'p' ':cmed)' tOl' tho r~e~o "a"d m,,,)' 00.1111:1""00 wuh,f!, th,s .:aesc)"l'l:io"" It tS hke \'~r':' at debts, .. ",I mne ",nel M1~UI1S 101' tbt.>rol1s'h mVeW' '~eyel'Y 'other p: ..... tofth.estlbject'.o7IltOI! whi./! (be Li2:if!,lct~ gm.tiOll.; it Im:"cn(~ "II m1511~t pl'"r\}!'~I"C~$; ~nd SI!J:'U;:~.s "it.re'lIa,:~e.1JeJ'lif1;e{1rI ,e-.tiffl".lI~~e·di:<re!'dMm_ 'rlle diff'lCt]ityof ~11 i<Llp~Ll'li"llli!>tl~IHJtitm of imohel" <l.<r. .. !",.; it puts cit:> _, d'ij,:,-iffil11~ti!l~~, w'lti~ >lltyaccmm:.y. b~t""e(>iI iusolvcr,t tlhd "~!lS?1' d\~1)I'¢nt 8u.te$ '<')11 ;'~Q ~q"n1 thotiugl n~,d g:iY~s" "b",ru;;rupt!a.\\,s,,\v,mld lead'l)tl\~opll)'OIJl" th:1t,\\}ankrupt ,cert;:,il)I;a Ju~t wk-, fo~wmmel''Cu,J CO!lh:acts; It I'lttso<~\' ~'I""v ~Y ,,,,,,,till,,. tho'l<' J.'l}t>\lla~iOIIS "li,1;h arll S-~~ler.,~y : o~:n dl:iz',m3 .m " .foot'''!> with for'eigne~ ;,Ilm),. ll'!illy:" ,~ "t fouq.d 11'l1rn$ohJI,::;,tht.\";.~5J l.ndrm ul:soh"eot bl.\\"·ll'tay CQ:n!~Ul1; w.i.l!U l"estOt'!;c to- 50C1cty! to honn;" ~f\.ud lJsethlness; P., m~~ of .. tb.().,e ~'hid\ tire common to" b:mi(l'lIl't b,,,,, if th,g be illduslry- ,:md Went, whi.ch, um'l~l' th<: ~:res~:lt ~JstClll,. is "~Ol''t'ect.)t.ls ohviollS:, that C{)l\g't'{lS~ lIlaV pu:rpos'Cly omit ir:.et .. icI",\!,ly io~t~t1m~ n pllri!~;;- " .j,:st U'i:b"t.e to the "~~0 prQyi.d~ tl.ll' ,,,,,,-,\3' 'G,,-~e5 tllwhieh:tneie POII'ei' el>J"lIds.," ., rig-his gf !!'tllllllnl'ty, by J"Pd~"in3' tlie ¢I'<l,<litol' of tJh~ A!ldi·Il$'l-I!~.ill pl!j,"? 20l, tile Cbief Justtce eavs-"TlI" "''!'owel'he IIOj,\, 1I~" ,- .. ret the whole !if;, of ltJ:$dcb~Ql"'"

..~' ~J>w,ttiJi!:l Qf Ul~~l$t ~~Ct\{]rl \1.,( the old bauk}'IIpt law!) 'I _ . ~

,-~',;l4~ci!t¢~, "'" Op,,,-,On lIlJ C."tmg1·1'~~ tll& im\:llwlIl imt,s mig-lu T",,,,o AY~ ].1,,1" 2. 18f!6;

"'~:!b.1\ 'C,Oll~ldercti :l.5 a /;"w;cJ, ".f0:e bu../-kmpt . .y~lcl1l, to be Tile Stn::ite1:<;)ol>. "'P the bill" to l'esul..,t:e th~ ,s"l"ri~~ G~'

~~'rCp.ealeEf b,r an 'act for e!ltabhshl.ng: tr.:lUystr:U1;" .&ec. l<iQ, c~rbiJi ofl\ce'''' ;11 'the Indiall li")el'll1.ffiellt/' (mcremiJDg

_ 'Ol)~"~ 'COlSt(.ke the o~i~lon of1.he $nprcmG Conrt 'Oil this t.il.e£r.j:a,)'jo cf the S\lIJel-iuteudcnt "l Sl, I,OIlIs, to Sl.OOO~

(;J)lnt,-,-tfic1 ~e of 0Pllll(lll ",(l?:Ul~"L[Pt l~w !tIlly 'M31~,a'll (lml tliat of the sub'AIl''''JilS l,O $7S0,) , ,

.. l'I~~e ~;Mwll~ {},clI<::nJ.lly f?,md UI :111 msotveut I;"y;" ,~J.:' :e:eNTON c:-plaine(l the :re:\so~ wludt l'Mder.ed

li,,,'tl~ 'f<Ji': !!~1:io.t1t:.e,,~!:j CJ:!;eMI11S" tl~cm ttl (lc!'S.On3 mWi,t tIM mCI'ca~e of 8:'ll:rr)' pl'Ojl'cr" :!.:i,

,,~lBllt\il~' .. .tO~r~ccd· ,1". UU~ 1Mb:J', • .nd llo[)~ in the forlJlci.1 in,Ji. JOUNSTON, "j"JLa\l:isl:'Il:~~ IIIQveil un lIm01\(lm"",!;'

iii\! thut tins )1l,·a. swutm·pn, wnl,ch CO%'ttS~ " m:a;y eX~I"- lJlC~C~~I'i> thfil ~~ of' the l!'l!.tll'l,l\ Agellt nu the Re.il .:j

"B

.;;~

·.:.;

.... : .r " __ -,_.·-r

.... , .' .. '.~'': :

';~ · .. :.r·,;.· i;~.. '., ... _ . . _ ..

-,··,:f)F';DEBA 'l'ES tNCONGRI~SS.

-----'------'-----------~------~-.- .. ---.-.~-

[SlJiNATE.

!R'ver i1> S1,5oo, which, ~fielr a :ilio~t d!isc"ssi.o~ b~iW'@ell nolle; nor to lmthorizc the represent .. ti~" of the 60'''''''''''.;liIoe~. .IWm, RA-~1:0N. WHITE ... JOHN'S:l"ON, of rnent.of the. Uo;·Wl. SMes at the CQ"l;1'eij.~ ~f P~mllD;>' es: [,!T(~I'I"')j",;u;d C-lH\.NI.)L£lt, w as l\,O>t . ~ cept J1\ a D~l?loll1 ... uc, ch~"".ctel·; nor t!!.e !O".rotItlOIl\ ,cif.~II}'

Mr. JHI.HTON tj)"tI moved to ~tti.ke !,>,jt.all·Mt"r·tJ:l.c aIliil.lI'Ce. of.f'e·""i,,{> 0·,' delbu:?i;"e, ')" n~!,'()tiatlo'llres'P.e~b.Ili; e~'le!ing cJmll\e, ""d insert a cl. n use ~qu~Ji",il;gthcSilhr;flS such :l.1l.alliam;""Yi1.l11111; or ~my ofUle sp~sh ~rr,le~l$ of the Agents and sub-Agents, Ieavin .. the salary of the I R<llmblics lnOF the GO\"(lI'1.lli:lelit (If the UnIted Stat\!~ ~e,· !iuperilrtenwmt at S1" L6w,~ asit is, o . corning p~.rti(l$ \ itj\ them, 0,' either of them, to 'lUy JOint

i'ot:. lJ£Nl'();\; objected 'to the propesed :tule!l.bnent, . dedanticm; fot tlle »\It'pO~ of (ll'e'l'em,in" t~e "ite1fet'" '11'[\11111: thai 1i.!e<>al~I'Y s~olllld be Mgl!kltecl '~"G[)Fd"ug to \enc~ ofnnr of IlHI European Powers with tb~lr l~\d"pell!!IC l'~p"'m!>iUjty, "m!. tile dut,), wf,ieJil w,.,. nQ he douc, <J,c!\ce (IIr f.<>rm of .O",,'el'llm<wt; nOI' to any COI;PP:ie;t., fOF and n'''I~y .othcr ciTC;\II'{'"t-.ntC(;~. The Sllt>~il'l\eI\JO!.l1t at t.'>,c purpose of p,..event:hlgC!}lol.liz~l:i()li tipon.1the C~!ltr. Bt. L:Ol'llll, Gen.erM CJ'wk, Mr. l3, said, kepeopea house; I mint of Anierinu \ but, leaving the P'e(\p]e of the. United ~nd lived in a "'tyle of the 2,'1.'C<ct,?st.hospitall't)'J to wb'c,ll, I S~~cs free to.act, i~m\ycrisi6, ill sucha ml\,I'U:CI' as their In ~ great mOOSIU'e, was 10 b~, !lttt;but<li! tb:e m,bol,HLtlecl.m· fN~rJlgs of fi.'lend.~hlp t':'WI!roS these l-tI;fH10llI':B, (1"<~. as !l1l~I1C" be had acquired over the Iadians, and whl.ch theJ,t OWl! honor and VOlfe! lilillj',.lIt !the> tm,e" dicta!>:. hundreds "f thousands of dolhirs c';>l,ld I)ot have purcbas-] M< BBR.mt.N rose and, cldivcred hj" views ill s'~pl'0d ed. ~E(> W:U k'iown :l.lnonZ5t UlI<:lU l" II U'lM!. bj·~j!e ill 'l"-"', I of the amendmeut, and in 'eX1Jl,mat;on of the r<i~$or:$ ;ond. Jl.lot.nu g<:Il¢H)\I£ III pe;\ce; ,H)(l MI'. n.. SI<;<lil W"" , .. hicll had ir'.duc.ed" m:ljol"it)' 'of the CODlIl!!ll#c of F~· necessary he shoukl h''iie i\ sLltlident SllI"'i'Y to enable him J11Ulce to recommend the ·am~fld!ne.nt'

!>'keep Up:L sllit'o.bl(:est~h1lshmeht.. MI'. nEI,L then ob.sel'l'j~g tlillt tlte Se:mll.te Chamher

11"he qtl<l.StJon \\1M then takel) on the amendment, ai"ld. W1L!i not 1\)11;. moved an <Hjljou"mment.

.Jecidetli in the nL'g'cCtive; .aud the bill was ordered to I.>e Mr. BRANCIi callen fvr the yeas 1J.IlJ nays M til~t mo"-11g-I'Q"li~d tor a thil'll. .vea·dlllg, '. . (,iO!l. The call ,,"Iis n<it sustained by the roquislte number

_ ;',!;, RA~DOLl:H thel] tU3~, and said . I "o~e)'.e&te~"y (onc-li.ftb} of!he Senate, 0..)(1. the question wes then taken 4." !):"·e·,,ot;,,~ ,"lvo:.h. I 11",.1 }llOt power to ~o, of a mcuon 011 the .'l.d;(Jllrnm.cnt, ami I()M.

~~mt 1 should ~\!iJ.mi.t to the S,mate this morning, SOllle Mr. HAHRI1jON 5lI.i(i [he S·e·rn:~te had been on f"",\·e¢u,· weeks "go llti'v notice thar, unless some a.bleF member, jj,,<! business, aod it was very rare that they took up al,y IIB.,·IUI!" more j,,(1'I,encc, both de. filct;; ani! ill: }WIf, i.n. this il'r,ng' of il.lllpol"tanc(, 011 opening tll.~ d()o~s l\gai,n .. IDs col. ~)"'l.", should tuke I:lYe thing into consideration and 11lQW le"fl"uc wus nhsent, who wished io "ote on tile mot',.,.,) •

• u the business, th"t I ''iI'Cillltl l,H'iJ'K lon.I,,,,,·d " l~lOtiO" to n"'tl><.:,,,fQ:o;;-,>-CllQwed the metion to rcdjow-u; which was !":lIS;; ". ~"''''l1itl'''., OJI the .=mm()<htio.~. -of tit,;. h;::dy "gtUi[\ lost ..

~",,"e!alir: I tl •• ,.' "~llt in~Q <'!etttil on the (liffe;·"Ilt. slIb:!. Mi" JL'I.!>OHOL1'H then TOS.~ and addressed the Senltc,

leels, ""well I $haj! hOt £;0> mt¢ llOW;. but content mpelf Iitl a speech of two hours, :tg>H1l9t the ~£SI;!on, ,

Ni:h (;b,;e~~'iIJJr lilat we ha'~ h~e""",! ,,"~ll not suy wh~.tl$. It' .. HOUmS rose an~l"emll.tk~d, Hlllt it WAA 'I,o,~ his:

HII' to be W.m.Hl21. "i .wheJ"e else l!l, \\':l.Slnll::''1; .. on~S.Plcndor I JJlt.'CI.lbon to tl.'"{lUble the :i. CII1l.t.e Q!1 the B.,alllTlIPt h.ill at ,~,thQm oom!1:m, wit!l~ut ncatuess, wltblOlit uceommnda- 1"'1.$ till)e, !II)].' ,~.L1y cther , nor sh01l.1d t,,, ·dtt\\ill:thcm on

~o": 1 rc,pc'citul!y ,stlbUlit thili reselution to the S.""lc, the abuses of the p~.; th,;,t, wl,ell ~he newspapers reilo»mg tb:,t it will be "et~cl 0') 1.10Wj ns [ S""vc notice se viled hi,~,; he tJ.""ted them ItS lie did tJllter re'i"]el";.~l,,t llmg ".go, th"t T ""',,,M h.';l'g: it tip if nobody (!ls.e ,Hd; and l thern revile on, and it ;[;,'cnel'ally happened. ('kl.t their rc-

:tS i nue~(llJ)"'d ."to gjye notice y~rte!d;'.j' that 1 ,,·ottld. can I vil,n!,,,,, defilednone but themselves, .. . .. .

,t tlJ'l t~J~ mOI'lHHg" ! ~1i1.'·C made it <1$ !)1'(>~1l as po.s,ble, • But, he weuid clan the atteution (II the TnQVc.,' of thm th~t ~tll" c('lllmlil1.~e mn:v 'til ke the whole subject illW ':hei.. emcndrnent to one point, '\X'hkh he was not 50 jl)I'tOlIl,\ti,; "'m~~de'·:'li.oll [Ind l"Cpewt:1t J'l.U'),;·e. r wlshdt t~ be c1isli.l£:wy a'j; te h,;;I1' hhn discuss, It n';g·ht !,e one ofno ;I'nPOtW.J;CC, -,m.! ·,~t",,,t ill ... ! the 1:C'so'1ut;,(Yn ",I, ;et. is l1l«dc thus b,· ... "d, i> I.It he tl.,o",_"ht it "'''5 .. ,.ti,tl",d[ to e''''llsi<ileratiol'' This ~li,c~ not Oilly 1",]"'," to t.\w: r~g(lht.ioll of tbi. Ch~Ul!b!.:I', nm<·"dmenl to a L",g-i~l~t;".., act,. pNpOStS' to the HOll,se ',,,,t t~ th.<'\(>!I\" •. ~ tbjects '~'hici1 1 im!icatc.i OIl 3. t~t'rllel' lC)f .Itepl'e~enmtive.s to Imite with us ill pr.scribil]g' nal<:Jj t() (lCCM!Or'; a<J'OIlll.'t<:il" (~~ 'emnc olrt of Exccllti,,'e illl,~mc5~, 'I th.e l'resiclciit to be ob~cr .. <'lcl. in Ilfg"lillfiqn. . Tb,~t the Scw~lea t!.t:.l'" :\\'.0' 119 one ill the g-:Ul.el"Y; which i WM .,·cry ])"i(;, t. wo·ll)il'ds co .. ' netm,l,Olg", Jn~y :wh'oo tlle.l'. re~del1~~. il"l g,~d. of. . making tl. u'eaIY, "~cn ocf" ... c tho tl'caty 5]",n lP.ve beer.

R=h"f(l, Th,:.t a committ<lc be "ppcinkd, to consi~t of, negoti'al<:<.l, I'!mw, li"Q'I1l the CQllstitution; bef:l.idJ'.i1:ue!"!e~t tl:\'~"', '~<lmb"":;, ,\'b" sl"'~ (uk" ;IM cons'iticl"!ltionthe jlr~, ~ Hut th:o.t:, by 17gisJalion, ii.1 ,,·hidl ~<; H.OIl5(> nm.t,p:rrlid., ~C"c :11 ~J."g:~n\<,"t.or tll~ ·S·",,,,,,.t,, Gb,unbel', "m~ rcpwt S~I"~ ~ 'I'MoJ-, Imy ,td,v'Jce C:lI1 R-,,« l,'l"',,'" ru:hnits .<)f J.iI'OI1S' dO'llQt. It pl'onsl!>il~ ,(~tlwf"ll,all eleeu. requi.sitc SOf pl'omo~iQJ; tir¢ ~ t.lJe HI>LL~e. ~1\\S ~tly :n~cc [I) l·e.;grwiho u.tre:l.ty, it 18 "!'t.e:r .. it "c,Mmn!~(h,tJ<)H. of the S~11:;'I.c .• 'aml the c<;)[!yr;niC!ICe and! ! i, l'atified, (mil tin the :l,PP"c>pri,"t'Oll requj"ml to p:i1;lmte It. V"~71' 01 .jt.~ p,,<:c<:~i1j,"lP' .'. , . _ I Let;"~hti:"G iIlStFllctk)J)~, ~s to the ~1·ITIS. o~~';"my, w.o_Y.lll, be

llie I (:SQ·llluon. was ngl'ccd 1(1, alia ,\1.(eSSl'S, RA+"'! to gm:: to tl1eotiwl' bi·lUIC;I,.. :pmve;r wl"chthc: OO!~$'I~\ltJQ!'l ·D?1..1'U, LLOlil)., Mil nE~TOt;", wei'" cims"" th~ cOIII-l h!l.,' lif:""h',,<1 0" us, "lld mig-Ilt be delelrlited W;!hOltt !hi!:

"nlto", .. " . !·cm,cm,'.cnce Qft\\"o .. thi~d",. iftbi~. ,.ne< h'it:tlle e"p're~~'()n

.PiU;Z:\'J'iA :mSSlOX- • of "'~.?I,iTli,m ~-< .t<l uhe iir"its of the P;'0f>?SOO .!leg;;t;"tioJ!,

. . . .' 15(;11" th~t Opmlofl were \'0 h:ll'e ron)' eHe\Jl, ,.tl.I'O,,1d UIl·

0" a.mtH:"'.01 \1r. ~~fiT!1\, the $en!~ie thell pl'Me<:>rle,1 Q"estiolii1bly 1..><:$.;' llpOll allY ~1l1nm·;ty an the .scm.I.." who ~" COllS~d",' tlie h:Ji" m!LkUlg 1l.PJA".,>;.;m"tiou~ 101'. ""I'l'ying i iilI"'ht r"d Ui.P<l81!(l to n:j(:'c:L a. tl'eatr, IH,d it not been l~'t') elh'~~ the ~~ppoim.ment ~):f" :m;,:>SifOlI t·e J?UI.JJI';rufl';" tb" j IIlnrle UIiGar' " 'Ic..~ioil.al.i\e SlIille.i1?i).. 11' ~1J~r~ w,,,, !my t;,':;t. <l'1<;S'''''" ],"'''S' "" .. g~'ccm!l' t<" fl.e foll,o'\\,lJlg "'"'flend, l wdgilt ill this objeil1:i,m, am\ 11e "'"", u.t ~t. thought, cli." melllt r"'o!,~"',,<1 b), ~'II', In!;}l.U~l'.~; VIZ', .'. . J j)osea to bdj~.,". :t.h .. .rc W3», flit 1I0[1e(1 tJ1,,, ill~lt1h~i'lh)ii" ,:' Pl'fwW_Cd ah;;(t.'1:'" Wid it ,'UOMTdzy <kt~ T~~t nO-I l.kDl"g"'a, (Ml'. I!JiIWIJl;,<,}."'o,,M be "Me to remOf"clL I"or thmg. be!'<;"" COR'lt.:t; .. ,d, &h.~!I· Hle. ·c()r",trti~d to r,wo: ,:.'Ie iiiHl~,e1f; U~O'!\rtb.~. iSP'IiS",,1 O>lIlU p,'o.!lCr occ~~imlS 10 t;e·. S<m"tlon 01 'Con,~r<:S:'l to~l' 'il"PUI"tUl'C f:r111ll.rhe ""ttled sl.lmn llie.d[Jcl· /3:tec"t:ime pOW .. l. !:Ie W[1," lliFIwilhn"'t.o ru:;. po]k~' (!iftb;~ liOI'O;11..nem,. thm, J.nc.xtcndinlt Qm'CGll1· [p~il!>a to· tlw"PIJP'lbr.:h~nell: lI"ly (\lplom:t.,k UI~ctW;rlt}·, m;l'cml r-clJi.hol)s . \VllhfO'-c'lP' llatlOJ:'s,we shuuld .Im.\·!! ",hich,. b_y. tll<:. ·Go"st.tutlO'~, bwo(fcd to us; and he: ~Vlth tiJ,e(ll as little p"ht.cal conn"",on "s pOSSible; ",~d .do .. btecl m"llh ",hel/lt<Ol.· th() Ho\!~<: WQllid b(t di.SJ?<9.;cd.to '!.h:~t w,,: shm,ldp."C..el'.e ')1"'<(;0, (;Omm'l"Ce, anJ.IH(l:Il(i ... "x~clse if, iHhHlid, .

t&liW, .,!·tlva!h'!l.t!Q]);.~, (Iud fln'm crltallItI~ll,~f -:ulhi.nces . willi ,Tile quc~tiO'l W~~ ~';\kc!:l on ~J!', nl;~lUllLN'S a~~lld<

, . .-

Jumcio.f"i/ Bill,

[Mn 3., !:826.

m.tnt;·~~ decide<ilinthe.Mf,'9.tivt" h.l'·~""6 ."md nays, as ItO'geto;lj'o a. batch-of,l1iUs one &eSl310!lIt.obe'r8~ily cut ~i'1t[ 101.10."'8' '. .". ..... ,,' .. ". " , . drieel; toi>e.sJiwverllllro.(lgli at thenext, and itwQ\!lI.l be

. ,YEAS;-?!1csstoS. ~eDton, Berrien, B'll.(IC.h, ehand.ler, : COIl\lel'1ll.l(t ~le f:l.ern!kmto. <l. CmJrt of ~quesls.: ..

Dickerson. Eat:OJ1,'F-!-,ldlay, ll:al·.per, HaY'''''i, Kane, Ktng. 11r, BKNl'ON :~!IP})(iH:edthfr"""O~oltl01l...-,sbo\VIng the Ma..c~~. Rand.olph.· ;RO'IlI::tn". Tazewell, Vall Dw-eil, Wbite, ml .. a~tpges that woUld: b",d:e;.ti;,..,c(l from ooopling it; :j", th.., ''i'.U1l.1:Jns; W~urr-·19. : " , ti''''' that wo .. ~d be s.wed attl'le'COI1ilme'lc=,mt of the

,NA ):S.~:r.te~.llllrt.on. Bell.· B o ll1ig.!y; Ch~~~, Clo:y- "e~$ion 1 ru-gl.lil)g' that tlrete .wm.!:d, from the '"'feet of the fo:n., ~i.i<:Is,· .. 'll::t:rrj;rofi, H .. ~l;icb,H~lme.., .Johnsnu, 01' '''Ile lately adopted, scarcell"' be a oy small bi;lls'C~oo ~Il.~ky;: a:'O~nston, of Lonisiana, KilJght,Lloycl;McIl- over to the ·next-session,31!Jd. none but a. few wbjects. of v.~II;~·'M.Vk.s,. Nob~~ •. Reed, ~robbi"s, l~llggl_cl<. S"nfo.!od, imporlaDce"whiclil i:l would be ;td"~!lt~e,j~l~ Jin'. those Seyiil!O'lI1<,·Snut:b,.1; b.oJJli'$;WIHey-24" '.' mel!1lbm'S,who intended to' f~~e .patt ill the discussion, l ..... ' . ';Th0' qll~sti.om. wasthen ~''l.keJ\ on OI'ilC\~n);~!e l:>ilJ. to a. . me<libte \!fIOIi d\Pl'j'l~ tbe.l·oceSd;Il.n.t,'which it '~o\lld. be

,tlv'cilr'eadiT(g. and was decided by y~a;,;i.jjdn"y". as f"l. -lYe)! ro ]lIlt forth :tmofig'stlhe.l'e{}pJe. . .

jQW~.: '. . , ' . "f!!1; re~oltit,ofi was 6nally Jrud 011 the tuMe.

YE.l\S.-'-M:~;;r1rs. ,Bart.oll, B;e~, l3au!ig-ny. Chase, C!l11Y,. . J'UDICL~ IW lULL.

ton,,: Bdwtll'<ls; (lroTiOOIl, Hendricks, fwlo'le", JOI'I>SOll, of

Kentl16ky, Johnston, 0'1' Louisi~n3, Knfg'ht, Lloyd, ~[cli- The Senate proee e .de& to the re-consideratieu of the"I' V:Jhlt, MM'ks, Nob) e ,. Roed', Rabbiil~, RlIggI('s, Saufo'rii, ameudmcnt \.0 the-bill" iUl't1",ol' to extend, Hill J",dici~i Seymour, Smitfil,. ThomaS, Wial:y~24 '. . SYM",u of'lJIl,e U,>.ited. States," ,,'!lich had b".n dl"",.gEOOd

NAYS,,-'Messl's. Benton. ·n~rri(;il. Branch, 01m",lkr, I to by the 110l.',"e of Repl'(!Sellt.'l.ti,'<!s,

Did;CI"""' Flaton, ],'i:"dl~y, HarJl'e~, U s .yna., ·I{Oc"." King, 1M:'; Vl-,(N BUREN said th~t It" would .tMe, )11 a few }I~",?rr, R.~'hdo][:)h. I,l;)wan, Tazewell, v",) BUI"'1], White, I words, the points ofd;fIcl'ence between tile rwe Houses, ,Villi.il'is, Woodl>1l.y-19, . . One "illated '0 tile a,r""'!l'emellt of the circuits, tlke other

Andtihel!, at.half'pastfive o'clock, the Senate OIdjOUlmeQ'1 to the r;Nf.s,19'\ reqn5J'i!Ig' Ihe ;r"';8'e~ to reside within

_-__ their respective oij·","il:.;~ He hall. !lot ?~I·t1.<)I!il~,·IJ' "d·

'V s ... 'I ;) 1826 . vereed to the htlel" when the bill WOiS under ,co"~"""_

'. . . '. "'1l:OE D~'r. ~. liT '. -' . tIOt., becsuse, ~t.tit(l,t l;m,c, he lHt-i:! cUlt.erbined the bd1ef

Tll.eS~J)ri~:took "1' ,he .I~i!ll'rr!he .. to il.fi;e,l.d tile ehat-I t!l"t no O!lj~Ct;(lIl ,,:ou.l~ be UJ1..'e(i ~$~iilSt 11:., its I'ejcr ..

'l.etof the town of .o\.lexancll'll'.. . uon, therefore, bv the House of .Rel)I'e8~ntat;,'·es, ~\-~S as

lift. SM);'rU;mon:dto alrik,e our the fi!'st-llectiol'l" which unexpected as IIi" reasons aig:ncd for it were, in t;i:s pro·,ides for t.lle sale 01"1"'111 fOE·t.~~e;;.. ~1;0, S. ~,;H'~ hadC>!liniolJ., Illlte!lil.9.!e, .

ahvays heM' in, abhorrence tile irJe.. of hJlldedProperty! By the JuJJ:cia;';I' Act "f.l7'9.'l, it",,,.l,,ft to (1)(< ;llllgM be;"" .0M fbr taxes It 1100 Q'COIl practised in all t.':t" M~the S"'prem~ COUl"t to ailot ·th"'.1',selves to the clilJ':,;I'"nt

. StabC~.' O,'f, th,'. v"'o,n. :ond Wl!$ <,l"'");j; C:OtI~:.d"re~1 "'S .. "i)jU~t <;i,,,,,,,t,, Of, t,Il .. '" United Stlltf..s, 0;,·"", ~ y,ear; at theil' d.isr.re~ tre~tm,!nt ..... f such 'pC1"SOl"~ as were not ImmedlIJ.tely reSl~ ~on, By the act of 18U2,; It ~.~ tl\('lij!:~lt p.lropc_r- to all-o'~ 'dent wlthm the SL:l:tu. . ;;11(,m" by L~";-, to certsin CJ!"cUlH, \V,thm wll~cl> t~ey were M'r. ROW AN supportnd the section, on ibegroO:!1ldo:fl required eo re:,o;;tla. He would not consume th" ~im<:. of 1ts being: ~ principle of n~;ce5siiy lor the Suppol't of the J th~ S?r'(jj,te by reading' \j"" act, II ,:",11 I',,~di!y 1:>" .1'"\"-

·Qo·l'enmHI.nt. '. ceived, by a referenceto xl, that this I. the effect of the .

.TIm atnefldmet~t was lI;;st. pr·o"jili.ou,· (.tUum!:'>], sornewluu muhiguow> ill its phrase ..

IIfr:~~Ll~'!ll?"ci1 to s!o,-ike <l"'~ milt portio" of' t!.c se- Dl.Ogo)" 'fl1e. .• ctof1802 ~.I~o j:~,"';dcd th~ll; nn the {l"~nt of'

eO!,!dsectJ.oD whieh iluthom;~sthc dl>\\Vlng ef lotteries, . a new appemtrneut, '" aewallotment 111'ght t ... ke pl(\c;e;

Mr, RQWAN '$Rid th:i.t GooJ'gclown and '''lashingt'OIl but, wh"tever mig'bot b~ theallotment, it st.l.I required th~t, h~l.tbis:l'r;;rnege.ght:itc(l to· them, amI,theretol'e, tllCI'e iJ; the. aid dl"cuits, tile COllil'ts sllouM be b-::h! by a reslwas no reaseu itshoulU be denied to ,Uexarniria. <1cntJ'uus-", 'i'here ""IS bll~ 0"" e~c.cpti.on. 'l'hi. was tJile

i\fr.. DELL said, if lile peiucipte "" is :. bad one, it circuit cornpcsed of ~hc Stutes of l'·ennsyh'3.ll;" :ar..:.I iJeought nat,' to be es;tend"d .• a!,cl.,. if, it \~,,~ '""o;ng, ,it JnigM ~."",al'~' lth.ccMl,e lI"~~'ifl'r, either to ;~('lk ... t~IC .excephe remedied, by rep<:nlill!,f those j',],[,j-"iOI1S: III Ute o:ber tiO'II, Ill' to drlv,c from .11') residence, at :lolO'Uflt \. ernon, G~

·ch"rt.ei'.s, fro'l) the bench, cue <,if the moot d5tiJll:llJl l1H::lli!.:>e~ (1t

"FI~.~ amo;:ndmeM w~slt)~t.,__",yas12, noes 1.3, the C:mr1.-:t;1 Ret which no f,}\'mel' GOIlg;~~ h;ctL I;N:.I1

'11'. R,'\NDOLPH mewed 00 I:;.y the II,:! 011 HI:!llaMe. willing' to 0.m:111111. 3ml. of which, lie llQPcd, nO iiltill"<; The o'liy cure, SRic! !I'll". U, tel' th:~ "I/a;"-fh,· this tri:mgy... CO~igl,(;SS wOI\\d bec~pf.l!I",. In eonsequeuce 0t' I.h;., lar war between A'It:..<lIndr1.a, Qe"~t·o"''". iIlld \';iMhiilg. howev~,·, the St.,t~ of Pell",srh-~fJi" h:iS bo!e." subJ<:eted -t()n-is to !l;in Alc,';:and.t'a b"c:.!t. ~1l;i;1I ~o ViI'g\nia. ';V<l to \I'II~,.t hel' citi"""us =~kle~'" g:,'e:,t u,c()m·el1lejl,~e, T,~"t will uke h~,r back~ e--el' a< she 's. Let G~o~getm~,. go Il'~'il' on still e;<;:ists. Th" S:~<" of \.',,.,;;n.ir, h~s two ,Iudgc$ -bnck. to M:arJ'~nd, let AI~~!ilI'h"..a {:('O hack to Vil'r,:illil), .,:<1 o~' ~he S"P'[·e.JllC ~Q\lrt, ~1\.·1 both C;t1'hl<lt be Qssigned to ~tl:~C let liS .. keep th"s·~.m\':\;;'i !,;:;tl' of, \\' Q:shmgwn ; ~Il'!> ~B};'e COl'C, II'V, .at '~'h,cb lit f;}""IJ~ a Pj,rl. ]11 lSW. •. \I'hc:.UI M ad,d.at<1)· to b~If~.:l. W:sshmgttlll ~(lnmTlCllt. let t!Jj$ tmUUl.!ig C.(HI1~J Cl1.'l:lllt w:tli stah)';;!ltc<,l, "omp.Q."J..,f the St'l:tes <If be !lie l'ilonmnent, a<ld ie·t LIS go into " hV\lS~ fit. fOl' me:LI' ohio ,mol 'r""\11c,,"ce, i: "':\S ,""pl'C!;Sly .e-'lMood, tbat the ro llr.lO')n,imteoo on;v;,,£, i'l -ceH~i'3·mld. r;".-.',..\s 'Ip stal:rs. Judge ~l,-()ukl. ,~d.> wHhh th<l Cil'Cl;;t j:OJ' whicla he W!J.~

. '1'11" bill W&l.S· theu bid. 011 the t:!.ble.. .' to be "ppolJ~t'C<l, The 1'~'\Mdmellt of the Senaw, !lQ:t' S~)

Tlw riillow;"!l'mot,on W:l!l $lIhI11itu: .. i 0)' ~k WF,NTON, i slnHlg'iy opposed, is ., litet" extension af ,he ~mCJmnc,Re$Oked, ,rlmt1i!m foilowil!X fu1e he :'lddttl- to tbe :l.'\lllef> [ll_;t P"i'lciple " .... t o"lr S'.\no::..ione,L 'by ,,"Ih')tlty, but 1'<)-

f!,r dir~ busilliess in tlrc- Se .. ~(e, , " tomm<!IHled fiy it;" m~n)fe;;nrtilLIY,. ",

-("Tlie'bilsilif3-ts ·derCulliog In the Scrmt<', "t tl,,:o emlof A')';)113' th""bJ!)Ol10'\~ ul'g;~~l ,~",tl""t Ihls 1}J)mt.. of lihe

· ~Ml\' .. $eIi$iQi:\; w.I'udl ',s Il<lt tn,~ la.~t "",",i'M ·of "Congn~$8. ..m,md!j,ent of th" S.m:).le, It.<:re WEl:il Que, h" s.,"1d,. not .b~lll";~:ti"aI;'t<';'hiit ",1;,,11 8t"",1 eon\i""cd (l\'",' to t.1l" 1111l::t' mel"eiy ("U,t!:;o"'" bllt rcPI'CilN,"ible. it h3d. b~~n 1II1"'~{4 ·5essio1(~'!ln4;·iJockM·ther<l:O.f, prcpcI'lYIlIT,,-n&-ed, u.ndel· l<l~ewberl:, tlmt ilrfu; tbe d "i,guof t~e,n!D(,;l!d",c~lt w. t'lte i'lii'e::et\o·tlii:Jft'4e Sec~et:\M', "Illl),'! be I:i\d IIjloQll t'be tnble place thE Wcst-eY1l Swte$ lin" fuotJlJg' UU<"'Jor to that of nf}J:l<'~'lc're~i[e.I:i~. ·lll1d. of ""dl S~I1~t"r, Oil th.e lh~t tl"y.of tl,le .,1(1 St~.t!cs .. TillS ,~bjec:j(m waSlIIl~l~p(l~Le.d b~_fa~",~

· sucliw·tcee41:t.g'-$(!.$.~'on." '. . iti\O W,\S mad~, h.c Imd char.t):, "nolJ'~h ,<;>bohe\"''',Jtlw<l~

• '. ~1T;, ll:~Nl?'~I:YY ~jJposed tbe reSQlllt~on, a5 b~ing' ,1.."" e~"mj'I,,(l<:m: It \I'lL" Ql~th~ ~:outrot'Y, die obJec~ <;It fil'lii;>$ht wl.tll mISCWe1'Q~ effh,.ts, The·lliice' w~1J,ld b~ the ~mC:ll.dIllel':' to :p.l:I.oe.llte W,e~.tcm S1"tes an the Si'lllle

r~":,

t3;6'9'

. '~. ,'.'1'

"OEt'aRllk'l~ES . IN .. CONGRESS.

'" . .. - "; .,

670

''MAY 3, ,l1326:J ==================r===================-

[SF,NATE.

"ootinlr with tUg !ild SIll.t~S.; .• to secure to themIhe ad- racterised by such uncommon 'ml)l!limlty~ '1'0 bring tile 'f~lIlill.mes enjoyed by a residence of tile J'ldS'el.' !"!tlim subject into: li Mi1l0\\' cOl~'I',,,",,~ill 'the two cireuits which the Cwcuits, and protect them from the ineonvemenccs ilt<') directly R(l':ee~ed by tile question, there lIrc.liL"t St,tt:es, e:l'pCl'ie""ctl by I'elln~yh'aJlja and Delf<\I'!U'o, MI', v ... l< ilnd.of the.fen Senfltors by wIJ""irl th"y , .... e l·epl~:mnN(l. ll~"~,, expressed 'his bclicftlmt there WI"! B'",~t !n.)'l!it'~e """e~ fll'e in f"~or of tbe "'llcn(\melll of lite S '~IMe. TIti9' in tbis ~ttelnpt to excite sectional prejudice, w:itboOlt .the i \Ulan'rruity'or sentiment, :mwng thosa; to!;), who do not least fOlllld<loon.. 'l'he-re W~$ nothillg'" in Ibe' fll<clil, to w:al'; ! l!l;Suall)' cencur in opinio'lIJ (II> other subjects, !lao! II strong rant til!' infeterce ; (l.1\d he could appeal with confidence bm.de~cy to confum hi~ pl\e'\l~O\l's, impression, tha.t the \,0 the $Ci;;..tO~$ frolll 'those Stil~ to $ust~iJl him in his amCf!dl)1(Jllt w:c> correct. 1f, 1I1101l. subjects uf tilts ella. position. 1"h'~y had witnessed 111" llJl.~i1'ing' 7.0::<11 with raeter, we: (tfe not to !'el,y '"P<l'1l the ,'cpreC8clItatiQl)S : • md which. gentleroe'l1, from di.ffer<!llt ,md l'C[Ilote portlona "I' opinion. of these who tire most !:'miliru: w';tb their 01'"""the UO;IYn, had ~ut>pcrted the just cl~ir"s of the \'{,est; tien, and. m(Bt concerned in thcu' results, where, <111<1 on. "11<1, from what<rv';" ,motiye rnisrq),\'esentat;"~ might p~'o- wlimil,. Jet me .ask, ar~ we to l'eplO;;f}, Qur; ~ont'i:I(mce ! , ceed, he had the :latlsf,,,;:tlOll to believe thnt, III thM b«lCIy, M!', V .... " Il'[JB:I>l': said there was 011"" 'VIew of the subject the .\i~)J".;;; W"ltS I>'ell "mlel'stuud, "m1 e,'ek'Y tl1ing:b~long- which he was anxious to impreilS upon tile minds of gen~ blS'tO It jusily appreciated. ;1.11'. VAX iChn'jl"f \llOllgh.t tlemen, and WJoj,~J~ t)\lght, in his epinlon, to.sileuee IJ\e' th~t the frequency wid, which appeals had been made-to opposition, ~ll"~5t ;0 the <juM.'1Cer from whence itchieily IIlc."! Pl't:jUI<J;.ces, was an ""'il which deserved th", utmost proceeded. Is it obj~'I.)ted thut two J"ud.gc.~ lire too ffi'illy seyc,f.tr (>1' rep~ebell"i(>n,. , foJ' the five Srntes of Ohio, Kentucky, Missouri, lllijlwj~

.An objection, he ';[.;d, hMl been taken to th,e f-oitn of and l!~clitUla I No, sir. Those who adv()c:>ite tile bill ss it ' !he aU\,mdmNlt, whi.dl, though ph,us;ihle, WItS not solicl, came f~OOl the House, J13.\"~' thrcugbcut, (ol'lt¢l'Idoo,.fo.r The amendment spew of the tbrne. n<ldilionM, Jud!:es, two addi1.iOlml J udges to hold their cil't.uits "ltMn tllo,~e us Judges ilPFointedjol" the ikre.t W!W, ciJ'c?:>its:alld it is St"tes~ Arid can-one Jodg~u:l.llsnct tILe busincssln &en·· suppcsed QUit this gO"efi' to the o;ffi'ces, nf the a,Mitiol1w I lucky and Oh.i<J>? NoOQTI¢ could doubt it. He ,,",DuM h",v'e ,lildge.) the character of" Ci~cu'tt Judges Qf1ly.!" Mr. 1 to nttend ttte term of the ;SlJ[p:rel1'" Conrt, which could ,"",,::; B-""." .w<.i th"t he had, in his OP"l.l~ng "l;o~j""II:iQn~, not ·~m!Jloy him mm'e tnl, .. n three mQI1.tms, includillgtmvd;. had ~ccl).si.?11 to l.'emar!" tlmt he. was prevented, b,y jl1~is" this ,~o\lI:lle,lt"e.,.llim nine months,. in each j'~Rl', to hold, POS)!JOI1, HOll~ attcll!lmg the Committee, til" Il~om"'g Ilile cncmts ll.l Kentucky and Ohlo, at 1l]~CC5 not mono when the (lmel\dlll(:ll! was first agl'eed upou and l·epo,I't?c,l. than oue hnnd~·e.d miles ;'PM~, wjlh ~xcc!]e'tt toads, and ltq ])b,l'AseoJa!,'y h:td not, em tlml account, attr,.ctctl .IllS! "very other facl],t.y for tT",",:Uillg', It J..S .o.I1R;n,.ccssary t' .. p~<rl"".,,hl·nttenti"n, If 'ilt JI.1d, [),. would 1'.''''0 preferred .. I state the case, I'nll<)w, incontrovertibly, tbnr, whoever "nt;e d;fr'mmt fi",m. in <l-~I""'"S~"!r tl:" object vf .tI-,(> ~"1<)lld- f 'Il~~': have ccnse to C'!!l~'!,J~"'"; Kentucky OUl(] Ohio wil.! 1'101:

Ii'lr;~l'. At the same tirn~, tile "b;~<;t!("', be "mel,. was ,»II)" I' """,fIt le,,~t 011 tJ~e. SIlPl;OOltlOll,tll",! they have no '?th<:,I' .vll~wa technics], and the true sense of the !lm.enbuel'lt \ I." $llf- flu,r. the a.dnlill!~!l~tl!on of IU;>!.ice :mlOi1g tbeir cltlz'e·!lS. lici~'I'It1y cxpl'es".,cl, to Jcave "eiU .. ~1' doubt nor dHiiclnlty I' Why, then, do tlley.object'. Why shoo ul,! tllty eomplain ill its execution. The til'S! !ruction vi' the bill fll'o.ide5 that 11 Judge is also given xo :\'!is.$o\U~, lnd~an1<. and llIJt1~at tJlC" Jmlges 10 lie "pp!llllted $~lfLn, to all lnrenrs and nois 1 It. is true Hmt, by d~e <l,ll<:J1,jme.nt of tl'", Sen.alJC" purposes, be! ]u<1g'es of I.tile Supr-cme (;<)111-1:, !."I11Q tb;e Se-I l;:"'''i;:llcl,y and 01;;0 curmot, t:o.d~ 11.9"" '" ,ltJd.g.,,, Bijt~ CO,,,}, is only ,t"""r;'l'ti,'e" !>f' the _objects fot, whieh tll.~il:: (m~ht il()t the id"" to be spu,,'ned, Ih'lt it i" tll".nufW.s, O;lpoilltmellt "'9$ "",H'Ol'iZed. lwen. epon the grolm-rL! ~i;U not the COiIJ'l; the ((d'Tl1JfUitTOilJ1".'J :md not the oom>.?IISassumed by- thos<:, who, in,5~ead of looking at the sub- : tJ'ttticJl. of justice, which have been so C'SJ'ncstly and loud, &unc~, h;).",'() chnsen to 'Cl'bticiM the fo,~1I'E 01' tile nJTWlJ.d. i I!' called fer by these patriotic States I He IIT>1Jld M!~ ment, the de$truptluiD i.s aceur .. te. TIIIl Judges of 11m Sa-: 1"00':t moment, cut~I'I~'" rm id(',i~o (Icg"adi!lg' to these I'~~ prente COUTt :U'C, 'Under the law and Conslitutioll, Cil'ci'it; spectable members of "U>' Conji:de;~.c)', The P.:e:t>tc,.,el\. :hldg-c-s, as well as ,lmlgcsofrhe Supreme Court, Sitting i tMh'e~ fi}Qm Qh,1} allid KentLtd.:y will j'eccde. Theil' In Ol~ Circ\ut Cuul't, tbe'r hn'l',e po ... '",,,, ,mel duti(c~ distjl1d ; ~IOW1~ iTl~lIi~~nO;i> will <lisec'I'11 the d""I,""""!lf thi~ gTIlU~rl, f::l1ll tb~ rOI'-e~1! ~ud ,lubes ot'the SUll!'eme COl.rrt, rund' SfiOlurt th'i~ bill I' Hoi, tiler c,~nnct l)llt be "Wll)'e Elf tlie ddJi, ~nlh. "'!i;cl~) I. l,el') ~it(i.ng e)ll the latl:<'l!' Court, the~' 11~, \"<:! t cHltr wh ich 'wo':,'ia attend ""~' 6\1 bsec[l.I(\Jnt drort to iJl~\lCe llothmg to do, !311t !je 1V()Uld 'lot d",llii:il the Sel!fl-W longc,'! tile Repl"e'elltatl,-esof other St"ccs to a.ct upon. the sub- 011 t1lr<t, polnt.;, I~ Ihe [Jo:J'e of n.ejll'c$cnlnti~'es wel'c ,in r j.~ct" especially if &11 imp!'Cssion should eX.ist that II S.Cl'llOl.I~vor of ,the, prmc.pIe of t':1! amendment, hu~ thought Jts ". bJ:e. tor office, m," at the boltOlll of aft ihe. moycmci.bS

form ol>Jcc~'Ol;aM(", why d,d tile}, not mmc'nd)t 1 It wo,,)d , wb)'ch h,,~c taken place, ..

1m"", b~~11 on ol'del to 11",,'e <1011" B-tL Tins, lww" .. er, they I Tb~ ju:st 1"&,111;9 (')fiK~l1tllcky,"d Qi'niq being thlls s~.ti~ i~~~'e o.lmtt<x~ pt'~ferrh,~ :to,''C-st their oPP?itiofi upon.an fled, IH: wOI).kl.ay aiel,:" words,lI.'l to tlie()the~' .sb.~e&. .He il:"le,~tIQl1 wlilC!) !t~,.~ III tl1CU' powel' to ".,,-,(0 j'~\lfio"",d. c(l\lld not !;lIlt·e5(l'tt.ss Jus s\lrlm~e, that the OOjeCaOn thILt ,,,,"OIJ,Ulg' hat hlS 1lllnlll!a} re~I}¢Ct.f¢i' the ,othCI' bmlld\ ofl '[<)0 milch had been dOlle foo' them, had .proceeded fi'Qll1 I.iH~ L:~R;;ilntlU'~I' fotstro!.ll.ed the (;cn;;>"ct.!'Olllbut it was the 'I Obie "ii{i Kentllcky, "rh:tt they bad au e<lulI:ll;jght, wilh :"lie oofect_r" the iu'stobj'ec.timl ·to the ,,,ucndlD:t!lt, LlI'geu, oth.,,.,; to '".'!;'e !~~is object!.:"" illc]'",,),,,,, he I)" a·()ubt': but llld",,"I, "" It l\'ruo, \\'~ih so l1'l.>lch· OICel11;'lg w.rl',c~tnc ... , t<ljlle still tilmJghi ihat U.e)'" wm"c SOI'W <)iN",mst!L.llC(!s:iil the "~\';:'l' til': ,I:e,~l g-l'IlUnd ofdtssnt' mcuo,,-,the ::U'l"ll"g~mcllt I ,,~se wh.ich wouid lU1W ,1'<mcleJ'cd il);~ma,l1.,uj.(ln ~'om \'ll,~ o. the ell ""lIls, _. ~, . . • Old SL!lw:s morer.pP"'QprTate, fie w~ 11'.0(: to admit that .t . Tl,J.,(l ·otl1~" j'i~lllt ()~ a,~~gt'eeme!lt l'ellltes to the scrnm- i WruJ :m Mt of libcmllegislat;-!lll ill f\\\'()t' oftllc Sta.tes·of lIIi ~tOl1 m' OOmteetlOIi (If Oll]" <l!ld iCe'ltlickr, On th"t sub· I no;s, indiana, ;l.ml'1I1i$!;()U1'L ·.An nvplic9.ti{'Il fOl' "'11 ~ddlJcct he hr.d ornl~: to ~~,I', thlU: it-is.lI qUt'St:o~ of a ])Hi'e!y I tiC'II,,1 Judge in any other of the St3'!&'>, "'Quid llO<: H,,,, Ji:;tell" !oc,11 c!),u'acter', m "rlllen the Western States. nlooe, ~f(: ~d '(0 100: ,. JIiom""t, ]f jll.st;nablc at !Ill, \t w~ <>.uly ~o ht ,,~t~""st~d, , Tile object of the llm, itseU;. i" tu make 1))'''-1 cOnSe(IIlCnOC of tho.ir 1,Q"'IlO;ng tlU'~c ~"'('~reig", il1<1<)pe~. 'lSlO't~ fQI'. llI1le, \llest<1'.;m 01' .NI>J:hw;esf~rn ,'bt<'ls. TJlI:)' clem Slate", mAo irllot1el\d.;ng-~ c'-:11rl-in!r proiii;i',I,,:I\,[ melli- 3;e embl'11,Ced 1m the tll1'(!e ClJ'cmts pl'(}y~dp.d fin:, Of HIe I b~N of OUf Uni.on,· ltwas tillS \'lew ot tile SL!bJ¢ct, .. rut C!!\:ll.WlIi, 8 ~Il~,t,t)r.'s l'erl'e~e.":ing thC'l(l 8t.~:\ti;. in th i,~~od~', the,eOIiSicl&!'atiolt·i:>f. ~!ielr l-';I~ldly incN',asj rng- p.OPlllatlOI!,. f'''~cn n~.., iii IAv'Or "I" the !)-'.nenclmen:t ()11;l1~ s.e..oute, lit, ,.\,hlch h: ... 'l1J14nc...:d, klll'lil' to -yldd illS a,,$~,"t to II 111!l.:lllm'8 \I-mlld ve!ltl<l'e 1:08",;<", tlmt" 011 qu~~,1S Of 3.".~:\i,.,\cterJ by wllklrthe .adn-.l.nlsmtiOl) of jlJ~ctictl woulLt be pl .. clltl "o,exc!""""dy iocal, on w/llch f<1\;-:.'hl1·el'~ce·of(ff.>;,;ioll Oli ii j;Jlo~·<;perf,.;'-<:t,.".n. d .pc,'mlmellt. fOOtilOg-, Tll.is """,,let hue, E';';I~ted, cl\{),I:'e h",'e 1b,e'(M1 few, It" all,'"' I""~''''M". d'",- :l.e clf:eeteQ by t~,e nmewfmel1~ pN'l"l'!,oo. by the, 's.e" ... te"

.;n:-.tl)pii:ir_mit)l "lith the.,,~ewa.';:!rprei<ied:.by tbe rep.-e.eI!lt_~- ~leSllr:3;. LLo-yn, CHANDLER, Kr,_"'{G.; and HOLMES, iioll:from these St;l;~. -ill: !lQt!i'br!til~he1!(lf th'e .l~g'illl~ "t~ 0PJlO~ro to the resolution, as the indi,-;idu&i was IlOt tur-.e, Witnout,,-diu.e.rti.ngvoicie .. Why should Oh.io snd in.the :l.ctloil for wbich the thanks of Cf)~SS and reJ{elltllcky. ha~.g, t1i'eir o,,~ll.'Claim.s :.ati~:ed, ,le~:r-e to hn- !!.':m:I1I w<!J'e eVllfe"l'Nd; that ,swOl'&, ll1e&.k &0. were '!?ose Pl\tb~_~St:ates <I pIll_I! to 'which theU·liepresl!nts.-· voted for- _ ~rvj,~~s actlllllly done, aad ,tbat ~nelle were 1jveStIM deCl~edl~,~ppoaed! J, c.,,~~~,ot but persuade my.: h,mdt<:ds '"!Iir?iVJ~l~&ls who ~a<l p<ltf~:rT!1ed 3,.\(1105 eq!1~l· sel~ tha.l, \~P~ J:~B.ectloll, tn,e.y' w~n abandon 1'1 . gl'o-ullld, I Iy g'IOl'.1QUS, of winch no pa~~a:: nouce i:,rui ~,~el\. taken," which, *o,~t·Jlldgme!lt,.IlPJle~~~like uagracious '''1-i.lll{>J, 'Mr_ LLOYD. expressed his wllliDgness to allow him P< Jeni!,b16.-, :'"'' ' " .' : pension, ," . '. , ., 'tIh.~.!'JU~ti(lll·a,l'is~., wh~t wm now be the .:IeclsiQIl tff Mr. HAYNE,f!.rrthe1!'~lt'Pported the resolution, urtfing tbe5efiaf.e ,! • Siull ''!I-e vn.sial,_ !>'lId ask a cenieeence, 01"' the elaims which the i1ldi."id~w had on ncoount, of the iUikre; ~nd,t4\18 3!VO'W, at once, frankly and ex.pncit1y, importare serviceshe bad ~~lld",rod "iib. the 6cett, and the (,o1l.rie,-whiDh we mean to pursue 1 On the .score of the. severe WOUJ'Jd whi:,ct, he ll",j recei,·ea·in tile actien

.napect, there 'co?ld be no ob~ectio:~. to "iti,er COIl~. ~f ?f ti;t" 6th Scrtelllbe~, rcndC'rillS: rum iru:~p~blc of jQ!!1, .

the S~;I1l.te are dl!,"}\(l'''.cl to y.dd either of the pomts, It !1'1)')Jj tb. .. action on ~be l.Otl .. , "

'Wollid be s.dliisable ,0 itlsi:'1, aud.ask fI conrevense, If; Tile question WlI;S tlleQ tllkell. <In. koyillg the resolution

bi>wever, .th.ey have f()l'l:Il.~d the deliberate coii€;lll$\fili not Oil; the wble, and ioS'l=&{' es ,14, noes 15. .

to yield, it appe;'l'ed to nan best to adhere :- alld,' in oro.:!" Mr. 'IlA.NDOM"H saW, he hoped the resolution wO~Lld .w -test the sense of i.he Senate, he moved that tner do !riot pnOi$. Be k1ile'~ nothin,g- of this case, but he thought udnere to thebe amendment. ._ .. ' ..... __ . the 1},allQ of thl$bQd)l the ~'Te~t'~:.<t n~w'" they pOS-

'filii) motion "' ... f1l1'ther SUSWlIe<.\ by1tlessrs, BENT'ON, sessed. He would rotb£r g;,'e this jnd1vid<l!l1 $100,000, BRA-NOH, flOL}tE8,'ltOWAN, Ilnd'VHITE, :<Ul<1 was or$200,O(jO, pllt bim 011 ,Ii. fi:mtill\l: with hf"ylltte, <or give opposed by Meosl'S. nUGGLf.<S" HARRJS.ON~il.1l(11011N. himlOO,O()Q acres of the best land in the IJnited S~tes, SON" of Kentilcky; and wasIinally C;3.11·le.i!. hy Yew; altd than the thsnks of this Hml..~c. ' l'fa~'$, as fol.low£, I . Some fm1.her cenverssnen ensued between ~ieS>l:s.

For adhm'llg-~feSilli!. Barton, Ikllton; BeI'TLel'l; l;lranch, IfIAR.lU.SON, WOOI.illUR'l, DJ-;LL, BAR'I'Ol'l, ,",".1 C']lJ'ndlel, CliLytoiJ.Dickcl'2on; ,B ... ton. EdwM,ds, Fin.dl"y. ; EATON, the ktte!' g'Cljticm"" ,· e ""wing tile motion t,) H3.tl''';', 1t1lyn",. Hendricks, l'lolll\eL', Kline. K.ing, Lloyd, : lay 00\ the ,t.~ble. Oil o."<:O"II ... t of the ditferelli~e of opinion iIIfacmi; Noble, Rllndolpll, Uobbil1~.l«>Wfi\1_. Smith, Tsze- I wbich existed, mdthe injury. tho'!; f~e]iI).gil,oftl'le indh"idlJ, wetl,Th&n'lri; Val) l;l,lll'CII" White. ""'i11'mms, "!\'oo&b'lJil'Y el WQuld sustain by 1\ l'ejectJion, 'rh~ motion "HIS lost._;i9. " ,.','. " ..' ':l.yc$16, noes 17 ,--and the rewlutiDn wns then ol'4cl'ei.iiQ

·,.tJgIlin8.fit-M:e~SI% Bm!ltgny;: Cha~c, :H:'I.n~son, John-, il tl).irtl.~",Jing~i1y~:22. .

son; of [(e.m; .hjliMtOfl, otLon . .K1",gbt, Madl:~ .. n~e,d"nl'g- 1J.lf'. DF:;NTON" from the sdect Cmn1'l •• tee to W:I:IOlll

gle., Bantard,. Scyroour, Vjl'ille'~·~12., . . wag .:efe~'red thesu.llject of ;nquil'!r,g lot(> th~ ,,",p'e<li~'"

, .[The eff'ect of th~ ... ote Of it<1,ile.r,,,,)~C ,~to l}l'~cl\~dc,. (lJI "J' 01 reducing the t>!lltPQr:,,~ of t."\e Es:e~lIuye (;o"ern. the 'part of the hCKly ad.optmg; u, till comprcnuse on the rnent, made "report; wlucll was Fead. 'I he repo:rt \\,\1$'

question.] (\ccollLp:<nied by tbe si.x !QlIow4",g ~ijl$ , . _

P A.NA1>L\. M!ISS10N. A bill to r~g"ll<te the pllbJ,(;,[.b(in of the Laws or the

- b"'ll l' •• c .' to ~ t UDite~ Stutccs" alld thepublic advemsemeuts ;

.'1'he 1 IDttIDlJg" "ppropl'latiolls 10;1' c:onylllg In rer ec AbiUto ,seome in Q.fl',c<: ("lthf .. l collcctoraand disburs,

theappointmeli\t of" Jl.lissi'Oll to the. '(mgt'C!lS of Panama, ~s of the l-e,'''''''''', """i the (i1"phee;ment of <ilet:'ulte", ,

lf~I',e:a<l ;lo third 'tim.e, ;md l'lS:'Iy')), by Y ~a$ and N;\~'s, :15 A billto regulate the 'appointlllcn.t of Postmasters ;

follows:' . " I'

'YE:AS";;"1lfessts, Barton, D:dJ,.·lIoujjgfiy, Chase, cr~y- A bile to ~CKtW.te the,;).ppomliIDent of Cadets ;

ton;" td~ru:d", H:;ttiS01l; Hendricks, Holmes, .Johnson, of A. bill to reg,l}ate. t],e uppolntmentof Miclshipmerr ;

Ken; Job;\;;ron of:J~o:m -. Knight, I .• loyd, Mou'b, NQbJe, R1)oo, A bill to prevent milim,\,y Ilnd naval offi,C\:I":i from be .

. - 1 .. I ' S . 1 orr il!g di~l,)ll~~tl th,(! service ~Lt the pleasure "f the l':'Cj'.

I~obhin", Rugg es., SlI!lt9!'(.J S~ymGur, . mrt '1, IQm',Lll, client; which were Se"Cl'tliJr l -es (i, "'ld ""(\"1'001 to ,~ se-

W'illey-23, . " " cond reiL.rling-. tRr", ,'1JiPlinrii'a;,) ,

N&yg_..M~essrs. n,mt!m, }l'ermm, BI"IlJlcll, CblllldJ~-r,· ;:.r~. TA.7.EWI-:LL then )Il("-,,d t)"l't a ..... cxu.,. 11llll1be'f

"Dickerson, !l'~~ron, 1'iI-,"II,)" l'b.l1K-1', Hay"?, KllllC, King. , . I

::.:raco[l, Hall~tol"l;, Row,,,,,,, TM~weU, Vall Buren, V'thitc, of the ~ep.ort and biHs be pnntet,

, I' Mr. RANDOLPH hoped tl1~1 the J."gest number WQukl

'WjTIiacms,l'Voodbury-19. be printed that bad been \,)t",!ed of ~t1\y ,d"''','ll'¢l~t d'lrinlt

BANKRtiI'T DILL" the- pte.,,,,,t session, ",!lethc.' that deeumenr was fl."')" If'CS.

'The 'Sennte then resumed we consideration ot the bill ~g>e sout to !his hoc!,', 01' an attempt to answer, which _ to .:sl-ablish aonifunll S}'i<lelll of 13"nlmrptc." thrQughOla.t they cmtl(i nllt (1<0" the i\l"gu!'n~l\l uf hi~ fiie'l(~ to ~he ri,ghlt;

1n(l United Sbtes, oQI" under e010)' of a meS$l.lg<l to ,the Harts'e t'l .mmOUll'<:I>

Mr. RANnOLI>H!"Os<> :Iud mQ"ed the i'ldcnnite post- an elcctiolleerul~ :1rJ':mlltemcnt, wl"tH ill ~j("'Tb,nd W~ .. jlonentent of the bin, iO.t'ld t.hen deliverecl & speech o I' Deal·· known by the name \tnd iiPr><'!itl.ti.-m of a ~uJllip .speech • . 1\' six hours, in oppo~;tiol\ to the bill. Mr. H. concll!deil 'f11oogh he 1\,«1 y,tlle f"itl. iii tile stl'""~"1:h <.If th","''''8 of bis speech about. 5enm o'clvck. . the J""eclI.ti,·c ]wi.so-n which. "'''" .• tlcmj'tedto be i'n~lr-

'l!'be .question then b"i,;1g- .bout to he IlIlt, 011 the mo. ed intO the public "'ind" he ,,""i~h,,<l Hi" !llltlo:Jote to Pl<). (oQ!l·(>fpootpO'tl.m"'i~m.f, ·it·"i"pea"",l tl~l.'thcrc W"M11Qt" ce~.d ,,'ithit,p!N'ijJfISSIl-o

'l;!uOl'lUn .ohh", S,,"OltorB p,'esent; ll.'IIci, wdbQnt t~ltin(i: the M~. T.A_Z£ WBL,l.,<;tlid", his is-norarw" ,of \!'h~t Ibat J'lUffi·

question,.' .. " '. .' be:, w~s;, Qcc:I1l.iol1..,d bis.l~, •. \"ii1.1t t~\" 1Jl;ink. '

" !rh,,. S:e.LrMIl "djouine,l, It I~'\S tJhe:u mo,'ed. to lill 1]]<] bl:mk ",-Illl. 'GOOO-,whkl.o.

,vas {.'W'rled.

"\",';, ,." , :!',I-';i!SlJAT, Mn 4,1&26:

,- Qii,;.niuiioIlQf.Mr. H.A.YNE,tl1e Sctrl:l!te ili"OCeooeti to . ,cQIl$Ia,.e-r1iie, 'i:'$':'!>ollltiQU ot' the House of ltcpres-ellt!ltiYcs, .e*i;-.;e~~:ot.t.):lc'Sel.\Se ofC~ngTCss 'of the ~la.nt, (;on·

."t~,t, f:.l.t:,'U. ~ ~t,'~.o ,_ t-5 .. plID~.' ~1J, of'the "l!nitecl. Stat"s' Nt")·. ~Ir'; ~t:,~'SP4tned ,th., £ae~ Wi the <:9",<),_,

]M,)."];:rWPT BILL.

The ScnM~_ then resume,l ill!: Q(>l1~i(!e,l1ln(r~ of "tl,c l)m "to est:\blir>.h ~ ulli!otm ~yi;t<i!ll',of~rul~Ptc~ thl'uughOt:! the Uluteq Sti\t',Cs r" Iltul, the \1!:!e,,1;1Q1l f:,""'ll'QlI. Mn·.IU,~ • DO LP H'S Im)tia" of inde.finite pasipo"o;.u,!enl-~ .' '

11.1'1:. 11ERRU~N toS", :>lld ,SlI.id hIl hoped tbis mo\lol).

.tJ 'j '_- ~.~. :~:J

-v • ,.

(SENATE,

would nQt prev:l.ii. ' .. 1 trust;·.iid M·,. B. this HQ\l!lC wi.llJ,ot cion f(l" fhture diseussiou, It IS proper Ih:.t ~be~.~ugge$:. comr .. lt itself by iu:!.optin..f, nay, th&t it 'wi!! tiot evencountc- tiOOlS should 1111; met, and, a.cc"'~diilg tl) the best of Ilur nsnce :tl1y resolution ·,VillCIUfldlulJ;ll.jfh'lfl Ille principle$ (If a,bflit:ies, thl'lt they should be answered, thisiJiU,unlessg'<;llltlclll'-'ilareofo.pjrti.()nth:l'tthetlmcwh'ich '!'be first 9.n<l most rl'Qmi"~nt objection to thls 'bill" vet renmi.ns,of'tb.: pl'eJl"'(~t session, i~ ·slEfficielJt .. iiill' a flll.1 'that 'which "C{:()Ulpan.iO>tl the arguI) re ut of .the Senator ,uld ddi!;>"'rl!te d!~'\.w;iQ" I)l' the B!iOlkn'pl 'l"e.;lillil QUli'l't" Ii'am Yi,g;'i;';C; i;,.ahno>!t <WCL'Y Stl.c~~s&i'·" step' (Ii il5 prom e dts, 'mdlJIlIMs th.ey will act ll}lO;l tlt. •. \.t ()pl~ion. It'this! I;'li'~; was tn:lt ,yhi.eh. attrill'\lI~ to 'tthe eti'eO}t Qf Inereas-

is SO ; if the)'l,'~.Y.e,'e. th,o;t . the l'",~umte .t;,'ne ea. '111 be t: '1' iag to ':.''''' ~b."nin!.l' <!e".g:.re~ the .p~u'O,tJage of the E;,eCt,ltive, voted to tlie SlIbject, flllld,:lO beheVlllg, wlIlIH';}ee,~(U to !L15- Ontll's subject, 1 p'T'esmne, It IS, not llec_e.ssm'y for me t~ cuss it,we do lUlt. object to, the (Of'll of the motion, hu~ PI'(lI,eilt T'O).setf by' the decl:tf;ll,ti(lll~ that rt I~ not lllil)' desire are p!:epllTe:l, as the ad"uC1Ite~ ,of tl.l". bill, to meet the I th~tl.~e Jl'iJ,tI'::",ag.e ?" ~h~. Ex:.e.tu~l\"C ~holiid b? !llIll,"ce~. qde~t;()Il. , sarilv iucreased. 'I he oI!>JeeI.!QI!· IS, however, lllupnropn-

Undet the inlluenc~, cerbl.'nly, of the moot unaffected ate I' it wa to" 'certain e,;;.tent n.p'l'i;cable to the bil1 hareNSpe<;t :101' thQ~e who differ witb,«s onthis occesiou, but, • tofOl'(!< 'repo,ted to t~le Senate, but cannotapply to tlU\t "t ~e same time, with'"1 entire conviction of ilia truth I which is nml' under consideratien.: $0 f.u- as the Il:>;t;t"<:ln. ~f.th.e p..i.n;:il;les whicll. we udvoeare, r tles:I'" to present, lI£'e oft1le E:t!lClltive call be ~Ill'eetlr ~xetc~ed ~"KleJ' this. til'S ,de~ distinctlj- to the Sem .. ~~·. The friel.l(i;; of the ~ Mil, it i~ limited to the :<.ppo,ntrne!lt of a smgle Gt;llle:ra! .. ll:lilkPlIpt SY$tC711 will, consider ,B unjust tile adoptiOIi of I' CQf~w):issioJlcr ;1\ each of the Stales of tl!ls Ii nion, The ~ny n'~"Iu~on. f.,ol'O) ,,\hidl m:~y b.e inflll'I~'U:' (li~"pp,rob" .t bill heretofore FeP?Fled to this ~!ou~e.<!l.lld the!'I·:!,. wbicl~ !.on by this House 01 the P,""l<;iple~ of thi>; bill, II thn.t I'"'" formerly ~"e'~~st"I:\<:,e <it> tlus subject, I'liOvij1e4 tl1iit re."SClL\ition .shall. be fI<!"plb" .. d fl;>m t_,I\~ c[)lt"'d.e=tlM.,th"t H,e PI,:s';d~"t n:igbt app_oin~ 11.11)', n, umbel" of C, ommisslcn .• s~lffi.clenttnlle do,:,s nm; "em:ull clu:rl.ll.!f .'Ie prl'ser~t ses- ej'uthI5dlScret,nn,\Vltlun tlH~~c'Vel~lS';ittes(lfthe U:'11:C>l1~ sson, for the f~lI discussion of those principles, It IS tile The hill now under consideration reSI1·3.1'11S the exercise of !ende.ncy <Ji tne .present motion to produce that result; this po w ·er, !looting It. to thcappnintment 0t' one single "li 1.-"~"'[lJre IV:C resist it. Therefore it is, t!:w.t, withont General Commlssicner in cad, State, am! milu,much .. ~ ·."tering' !t,I'1 an. examinsfion of the gcnc,~ol featums of til,.t C,o:rrnm,,,,:oncr will in some, perh~rs in most' of the the bdl. S'tj11 less with.out go;,,&, i:ll.to tll~ oo~9ide:r,iLtiO" 0'£ Sblt<!$j be illcompet",nt to (h,,~ ,!isi:bru·!I'<.: !If' :iII th.~ duties lt9 <let"i!.>, I all) dj~posed to trespass: 0:0 the !lttl:Oltioll o.f ,~hiel, will devolve on Lim, it COIII..~,iIl5 a p.rovision. b,1 the Senate, while 1 eiideav()t to) tel)ly very brlel1y to which he is authorized to appoint special Oommissioaers some of'the prominent objections which have been ul'ti'"d under the advice;' and with the sanction-of 'IJ)C Judge of "S7'linSt uli~ measure. • the District CQurt of the J)ist!kt, ill whicb lie exercises

j am content tn· a.tl·~lf'.If'l iixHn ,m e';:M~"!wll()r', of the hisfu.ndio;m~. This;$ "on improvement in the .I;J.'lmk1·«pt l'r;l1"ij)le'_ or tiT. .. bill,. 01; i!.~ dew.ils. ThAt. dlltY' has been ""y; which is anxiously d"illi"<ld )11 Eagl:>.nd, ~Itho"gh it 1,e;~btil.II::1 by my associate Oil tile Committee, tile SCM, has Ilot yet been i.nt~Q(h~r;",l into theiny.tcm.

t?l~ IJ'():11'1 Soultl Carolina, (~tr. HH~F.,) itl a .m;;'il:llcl· jle," [~,Ir. IU,NJ)Ol.l'U SlIid it went to increase the Sphel'C IQctly satisfact.ory to me, »9 II. member of that C·ommittee. of action of the Federal Gover:II.IDellt in contradistinctien wid.:l sincere 'l~ld anxious do;>.$ire !'I,M this bHL rnayre- to, audln oppositlon to<, the State Jnstltutions, , With 1m;;. c~\'e the ~~iPjJ~'ut ~>f :the Cmlg~e:>.. of tim Un'lW, S';:u:(c~, swoop, it ili.'Olved in i'lll voreex t~l(l Il'ho:lc of the .imlici~1 with a belief tlla~. It. IS de:ng'l1d~" by the wanes o. the power of the l.and ;, and that by IIlYOhl''.!f that pow"" 'II country, and tliU.t IS consistent with the CQn,~titlltioilo.l CIl')C $\\"001' in the Pe\i~I,'t" Courts ;,nil lI'cdCJ".!l ('...:;ver.l:. Powers of "Lh.~ 'Go;'e!umellt; I am willing. at 1,1'eSant" til [rnent, ,·ofi.l' the Judicial Power of any wmjloo:ilcnt rlJ't of 1·'Cst HIe quesnon of !t~ genenl tuerits Oil ti.e \lIWI<swerccl the (;(we'l'IImeat W'1I8 a!lOlis!i(;d. He would go fru1her, a!'g\llJ1l,ent (If Ihe g-eatle>nnn from $<:>u.th Gm-olillR. '. M\' allld stat'" th.~t he 'C'Jnsjd~"cd "ve!'Y i.llc:re"5'e tg· tile Judi. J.mvpo~e, "t this mome'~t. i;~ mel'eiy to reply tc;. some of ¢ia! a.utJI.ority of:.hj_~ GO\'eo<lHMIII, ~l.l'b"Wdt:,.,.llJla.ddltiQo. to' the o\iectiollS, wlli"h. were suL>!l)J~ed to· 'the <:ollsidr.;-a· tile ~~xcr.utive ml.thoritv of' thi~ Gqvernmeltt.}

Ii_on, of' !lie nOdSe' ye;;t'el'da}" •. by the Scnatm' I~om '!,rlJo· MI". n.mltnm,,'1 ,·,,~u;" ... J. In i'eplyi:!lg to tJle obJ"ction

gml:I.' 1'b09" ohjections.inelude these iJ.e;,s : fo""decL on t1t,. :iucre:.:se of Esecutil'f:' patl'o·ll!lg'.e, it dod

That tl'!.m. bill ·\l'iJI· incre:til>e to 8.11 alarming" extent tile ~uot OCCIll' to me, sa.id MI", B. tli.tlt Um cO:~5.id.·el1liliQJUs: to,

l)ll;)<tH1'lIg" (If til;; ExeCltti"jl, _ . which my attention b,~sjliSt been called, are Ilcc'es5al'ily Ill-

Tb~.t!ts I~t\!l'a! amI! li'l~cessaryeffect will!>e, to'l>"tc(luce "(lIve,\. Imked,.they do n.ot.seern to rno!.<.> hll:y<:ally.naUu;a1 ".'::ODSOU(J;'1ll0" olthe. Sllites ohliis Umon ii) Oil(\! nalipmaJ, conne,c.f:ion with it.. They a.reobjectiwlHO thebjJl, ~il:\g" t,;~,:.e)·')ln,gnt/ 8t1b,::elt"~,,e'Qf tbeir j.,div)ilu:l1 so,·e,."lg",ty, ; fi'om its o'Pe.1'<ltion ... nd .,iT¢ct, ""bieh !tl'·e !?"-lcti1 ... t.cd-ihth'e · [I.m.t, 00 f.r as It ga~~ to .d.c ]'~><kl'iIl COUI'ts j"i~sdic,.' vi;:cw of tbe S"'''''.01' ·£'l·om V.'rgiij;a ttl tmlft .. the·sph<i~ tIOIl)ll; m~tte~'i>of c"l.\tmve.rsyl~et\¥ec:" citizen and citi.. ·,,·il':hi.ll w'h;c:lI the sovIlreignty oj t1,c ~tat~sl,~ to),"", e",.~~ ·l\eil<lf. the S[lllll~ State,. ;)nd.. s>o jn.r us It propJ).e~ t<} dis· 00, bl' lI11dlllyexb::mli!lg; the 90veroi<gllty of t.heUmO'J)~ chill'!;e tlleohl.!gatiolJ ()fc()lltracts entel'!!d i!lt(l.f,jjtei'iG>1" . The r<!~11t,liowever; ad.:nitting it fo)"thepmpose'Qf M tilt mmct~en.t-oftbe.hill, it.j~ it> its pl'illciplcs v,012~i~'e the nrgnm(mr, is, (lOt produ.ced by t,lIepatf¢filig;< 'wWch is ()ft:,~ Cm!s'-Mlon .01' tlleUllit.d States: '" glYcn by th.e bill., llwl:, therofQ!'e, d?e5 .~lOt r,~o~: to :this

• '1 "h..t ,t will b·ojs.t~,.' I~p- the .. 'paper $y •. tem; alld wlIl e"". bmnc];. of tl)e di"c!ls,,,,,,.. I may dl~t(ll"S (In,,, Qb~~di,m, blem1~(:{tl.!(i'~t ~Ie!)tots tQ·~i!.t th",;}" el",d(cQI'Il III Mfi"'l1lce , then, witl. tl 5il!b"c relil:l,.r-k; Ih.r,!ti.11g:jt te) th«t ",Meh p:tO~ · ~'hat It lS ml.llllc~.1 to tlle.~_gTi(;\\lt!lrat ·int.~I"<'.st~ of the I P'~rly !;'Jh ul'T.dci' the dmmml~l~tilli'" of [>:!.tr~lba~e·; th~rc Um ed,St,.tes. and tflat .It IVJ1~ apply fhe axe. to .the tent C<lllf!ot be f¢llll,l iii the proVl81OIIs ~f tills bdl. :!o1l,Y llimg

Qf~letl'eehiJ!J .sy~tem QfVirgilli.a, .' ". IvblGh can b·e "Ia~mi!lg"e'l'.ento t)leSel);,~or fl'CDl 'Virginia.. ,

;111M'''',!, v'.ew~.lt s~ems tltme·to l)~'lhe right of tlle a{l~ 'fble cx.tent ofils '()perati(m. j$ to n.Ua", ';h~ :~ppoilliment ()f "o.C<tl~ of < th,~ b.ll, th'".t U~ese·5Ilg!(<1ilil'ioTiS·shoulll he re.. a .sin~le Gen~ral Commissioner III "'8.ell Stll·!.C;· wb.Q will. be p'h~d to' j If TIl th? op.'mOIl of the B":",,tc tliere' .rema;u5.entit1ed,. whil,e ",,!ual1ye,:>:cl'Ojsmg.,bis: £1~no~<insJ' to. a p~ ... 11me lor' U'eexa'llIl1ftt'fm of tbl! qu~~t.iofi. ·oi. 1M 'mel'its, it diem "llow:mce ·Qf..__ dlo.l.l~I'g,· to, be dlstrl bitted. :uno'''.g· is pI'QP~I·!hil.t tl\o·se O?.iections ;which. hao~'e·been s!:;rt¢d 'the .""crnica .. liog per,dtugi:>d"oJ:" h.im,T~hu~ c~msidere~, fl-Ilouldbe_ (hsclIssc4,. ll~ on tbe oth.er hand. it is t.o lie: d;s. ;tneob;,ectio"·an theSCql"eof·p!>.q.,n[lge IS enm-ely witb. posed: oh' .u~h a Wll}, •. "'!,.wltnout cO~1lI1riittri)'jIPhe Sr .. nnte' out f~no:l!l.tiolt,,· i:f'tI.H~pilss:i:ge .ofthi, bill ~8.ll be .re;.'ll~tedj

~Y' all <:spfe~sl"'!lr ,!]f0I>"lluUH, favorable, or mna'i'ornbl.e,to it mwt be:{JI'l·"thel' grownds. .. .

l,lU! ·ad~p.t1t"'; '(0 su~p~'ld .. tJ!e{letel'mlMSQn ?f COI1g'l'= rm , .·~h"-!frel\t ~bjecuo". 1l!lW'Cv"I', .of tI_.c Senal.., .. ·fro.m Vir. the ~U:~Ject, and tQ, hold ·,t· \If> "to p:lb1!e Vi<!'W a.l. II qOU!l-gmJll,· tb:1lt\vhiGl;j ~~tc,l. my lI.ttenboll. to tob.e llfg:ll:Plent

. V'I1.. .1 [,-44 L.

':-:,;; " ... ' ":'" .~.' -,

. -~. <; ':"~:~~~-·"~.~~0~~·:"~'~~· .. ' ~ .... : .: : .... ~:..~I::.,~ .... r ,~ .... =-o ... ~':. '.' ': -~:. ~~~,~.:o;~ .. ~. ~

G*~~.t#.jM~~

'~"'~~'<f.'."~::1

.~

-w.M~]il ~'rd~liyer;d.t.ot,hiiilIoUs¢.te~t:N!:lY, ~as;:t;hat~llii$ "tile: Sf?{'e s(n'.iJ.'~~ti.~tTllit itS t~ndel~cy-oo eonso1ido:t:l,Qll, bill, 'HI Its ope·ra.tl~n; wm:tl,t'Jj!lve a tell,leney to .'cPIl!lO:Bd~- : even HI ,t"'''' e:,;eIiJon·.rj:C its ' IC!l:itima(': ',\i.titorih'., l~ ilii:>1.

_ {ion,to;'J (lhn!!luti:!n:6f~le pc}~c", oi~tbe S~Ve!eig-IIS,t .. tc:' : tDh]".? :hi~ i~ ~"~nyi"!l"ll"bey~ml the Ihnlts whi~hb'e1ong' (\«>mpo~I)Ip,;_ilii~'1{"!O~ •..• If.~lere .b-ellnr.l'nn~lpJ" of !,Gh- to .t!:ti:sd,scll~10I1.We ltf"q!,ot. nowen!r-'-g.:;d· .' in ""ttling' C:~'" whu;I!.·1l1tl]. be',col1l'l\.d~r,e.d .. ,bl; whleh, 1.'1- 'my view the terms.of the CGtnlfmct wll!c1n,loallogn"e'Cl·the~e St~ks of the -$!¥~ji,i'¢t . QughttoO control. e,,~'Y other, it IS th:at : wi.th each other, Iftllis w'!!r2So, •. b.u~ht bv eX:lJeriiric~, ' W'h~91j-iilc<.it~~es.·;tlil} preserylttiol:l of ·tbe .soveT-t',igntyof .tiJel'e would no doubt b·emany points 'ofc";n)cil!cllce be.' t!le:e~i!:iltj!t.":r m~j er~-l m:~y aU~(l1ll to. this c~msi~~m- ~'I\fe~t1 tM-g~ntJem...tHmd· my.;elf.. O',u' object, however, tfu1llilJl J1njlOr:ltlpCe wInch does not belong to it, .' I'he IS clrfl'crent,,·.1t!~ \l'l1lo:;l'e qu:e~tl(m·of tile \l':W4'1)i~~: <).1 ~p.i~j{)~\;:~~".ho\reYeT; _ ~l-a,!lJ.Jy_ sUlto;d;- all th" ~'e..ult of some leg;5!utivc lwwer 1mJl~r :lchaTt<!p",hi.bhhll!s be~Il!l~!D.dy, ~1I,<:cti.(l",: tIS one which II.M be,m "trengOI(~ne.d. hy ~lle'setijed for useand ·d; as I~ cGntMde-d,' the exercise- of !s11Dii:-~~p~riemC!l whichI hsve h3d 011 t~is f!.(Jor;"Ri~. those powers which :I!'"ee:q.i;essly gTIi.,ted by 'tlmt eh;il'let'

· ~titTO'1l1ded morely on !h~t atlt.~hm'mt""h\c~ IS .U.'lll~Ill" ._ t? the' ::r'edernl G1)~'e1ilIDellt>W;n: e<'~n.tila.1£ in. the. subvsra}'f'lf'home,a'rl<i the tlHngs· ... -hlc1, belong to it ,; nor sjrn- sron of S!:i<te·soter~~gn,ty, the,i:l'l s..--.y th.e~rg-ume!lt does

. pllor, ,Il! pl"'IWei'l(:~ for the Govel'llments of the, s:tate~. ,alro.f,ll'the< P'"OY" t1:",t tile Umon of these SI:ate1', and the 0" the eOl1triti_"; it I'esulls more e~"ec;allr from 3, sincere . Constitutioll of these Sb,tc-", have a IWC"""tY ~"c1 ilieviOl.. and uni_ffl}Cte<l .d""Qticm to ·tlm. unoon, th"I1 a belief tl)st ·bl e tendency to C'('IlSQl!<ht,on' 1 1\!!d til,,!, ,nlMiI<l of g'i'ving i~ C'~!l,o")lyhe.ecu<t~, by p.rese!.",~"gtll-e StatesGYerdg"l' elf~cUo t,hal Uni.on, and to the princip)es ?fth,~t CO"'$ti~ ties ur he\lltlJul snd vlIgorous:actll'lty. .' tution, . we should be enb'<\·ged. III C(lIl!51del'mg the mOOl'S

Tt Wm be See;"; thAt the opiJ:\i!li:o which I ha .. e 011 thls by \li.hich we mlly escape from their oppressive iuftm:m:es.

S1ib)"ctQIiJtIIl!\t'~-~ iii·j< d.ifterel~lt pl"ir,ci.:rk frorn tha~ n·,)m Pfi', RANDOLPH.-T!)e geJll1~m}"n Ita, ,mlyet goltl!e _ which the 'Sel1, a tor}1'o(1:\11 Ylvgm"" del"Wes. tl;ml whleh he POUlt afmy aI'jj"utIl,."t. H" j;·a,vf;\.),ly. ably, an,1 "correctly , expresses : .. "d, b.e.h1g thus va,~i"llt in its Ol';gin, it seeks .tl,t~dth~ ro·i~,t~ of ohject\ol\ t mad" to till" bill: lam tQ·d'~l~j' \t1j~lf b~ diff'erent rn~~""s~ The 1'a~l~~,iple which afm'irll must concede to the !;rent'lema:l fl'om, 'Georgia th~t J am R(hocatmg. It (iSO,>S not seem tomewill be promoted he states me corr~·ctly and· {",d)", as far M ne IIOW goes .

. hy ai;l i~te!i~ptto eefette .. tile exertionof Federal, power, I am afl~lill must confess timt I am af opinion that the

· in 6io.Ses_ W~!i"h :lJ'e ,dcarly SUbjected to its control by the inevitable tClKle~cy of Ihls system, byen:n a fair exercise

· C6Ii.$rrt:\ltfi:~!l of !.III! U nite{l S!:at~s. .Eueh ~uCce~ive COli' oHbe p 0 wers QI'~1~ e Pederal Goy.el:,',:"cnt, 11 ~'~ ,1"1< cell'tril"et~ I te~t-~n. whiCh a St;lle. U\:1y be 'ell!l"g-(~d with the Gen~ral force, the ~nt;rlfilga.l furoo not fu'.m~ S~llfu:le!lt 10 over(lO'l',el'ilmcI'IG and i~1 which that State:is <'!"res.tec.I; operates eome it, mli;1 at evel'Y 1)l)l'io(li.., revohnlon we are dnlwillg" W6t.m~l,«jy"-ll6 i.mp:lir·llel· .. oveN:i.gn~y larebtion to·the !tearer alit! nearer to the finel e:ICtinf,'1lislirmellt 1J1l;:t-,""'lit< S\ibj:ect of tbe - cniitrOl'el"tl)', but to.'we~ken Ill:e Cl'.p1l.- UIS.. That W!!.Hio)t the ohjcclitm Lmade. I agre·e w,tt\ tile citr 'of. the State fOI: !oCs;"t:J.ru:e, In :my fuuue sti-ut,rgle to . gentleman fi'em (1:e{wgia, thal it IS no! a lilil' question to be which sl!<;: )llo)'}!, becalled. Such contests are, then, to be bl'ought_her!l, ell:cepthy w",yufca~ltJOn, by ~""y'ofw!lm~yoi"ed, Tlie POWjlJ'5 \;,l;Jich Ul'C' expl"<l,,~ly gi.ve'f1 t~'tb. i,ig-be\J1g, fOl-e':,"r..,ed .• I;<iing fiJirern':",.iI,-l\ot t.os~").n. Govemment of tl.,,, U'liOIl should beffi:dji ,-""e'c)~ed. the. powO!O'Sm to .. s Gq"eT'nrnent any hlo-h(;r. This bIU~!l; Ti,oil.e~vhicha.t"~ deduced byimp1iei,tiol1.fmomtlle Fe&r;J.· uot mete.ly to exercise a' P<J\vo;;- whh:.b, Igrnnt, is leglti .. Ch";l1:l'.I', 'l?y sttainml c •. mstructions tm1di~£; to- th{!cons~)li. f '~",f(1)y &:h"i:I1.in the-clulJ.<ter to tbis GCI"'~mmel'lt" to;'.;~!lh. W,t\Gn wh.c), tile gClltleU'l3.1l lIpprehO::ll!k~, 1tN to, be !'e;!l] st·· . ,,~lt a.ml!fonn system ofb~.n kmptey thm\\ghMt the U nited cd'hYjlri~j"'g> in its unimpaired ")1,'or, the s(wer'eiS""ty Swtcs. My objection 10 tile former lm"k,~,pt. htll, [U~" to ·of t~e g~~te.sl .aria that .r~lIist~I)CC, sho:d(l commence al the "fl1.'C<enl hill, is.· that ills,. \\[1(1<:1' the 11I';t"nee or the th~ I'roq.se 'PC:lUIt. lit which these Ull»l,cd.PQw~r;>. COllie C;';CTG1.c of th .. t power, 3"H"'g-Nmt "hll.se of tli:1!t _P<J\ver, i1i:t6 c'{}li.tllctwith th" est<lb1\sbed' ~UltbQrity Qf tb¢. Soble r ,..d.n;~ :',011 .1Il~y pa:ss Ii. bankl'l.lpt hom C{l.!lsti:tutIGnnlly. ~o,~reji.!"'·lties. NO oihe~ limit C~,1), IHl-gi;ceii to '1he J)o"itl'el'S YOtlTIllly ·SOY' wh·o shall oe a t:.!lIli;;I"IIPt.· -You m.2:~· st\y more. whieh mal' be exdcisetl-!>y the Gen.el"~l (;-o· .. e.t1fIilCflt, )lot :Hntitis enough for'UlI' 1lJ.'gum.c.nt, to t.'lI.ke tlllS doeuille of onlY'llfldef t!lle <;b:!1&tit'utimll :IS it Mwe):(fisf$" .but ul,del' ho'v mIH:I) more Y'OI' tan (19. 1\ is no,t Tor me to s:.~y there any -otlier; which _dmll be ad.e(p\;i,tli, to the' pm'pClses of it!; lS th.t ill this bill of ',',Oldr,tl,tec Se-ctiOll$ which y,m C;~ll' illst'mtiOIl,·jJJat UI~ ~~Jt Ofill~'l ¢~n de,,~,s~,· .n"t ,h Un,lel' p''8te,nc.e ol'thc;, ~;.;~~",i." of:l.!",o'"er ~pe-

With this ",ew of£hc ;,,,bject:, I am n(,t p~e"'-<l<l hy the dficn!ly gil.ell to the Fedenll GO\'erilm~I't, this i<l ilJn.ut· dHllc"lti<is &u:g"gll.ted 1:>l'th;;. ,.""iato.·trom Virginb. .. I cun· teJ\'!!pt to do th~t "(hich it was· nc\"~ i"tclldc;l should be !lilt believe tliat'Yeol1ght toll!), pre'f,O:!IIt.:;d f\10l'n Jl'l"ssing done. It is r. f\a!jl'llnt abuse I'; the power ofCOligre&~to thl<> act, by aD l1;pprel!ell~O!i that it may beill.!\lt'ous.to e,1:abiish a U\l;inl'l1\ system of b.mlkJ'l'ptcy, which I11(\m'l. tile so\'e:relg~\tyofthe 'States, The power to pass l1lui'JJW COIlg"l'eS$ mt\y do under 1:h"e;!(el'C-i~e "f tlj~t J,o,,-e1"] laws 011 .he subJect of -b~nknJP!'CY' 1S'1<pt.>wer exp.wssly Mr- BEHRlEi.'< r"'<tm~1.. ] <hi not ,,,,cp;he to the Se· gr-J.nt~(t"by the CQn.t1ttltiQn~Q' til" l~"d<:! .. l GOVeJ>ilment;, !1Iftto·" ,,'{)II\ 1r;'"ryllia the Ql"f,,"'Urncnt ,,,hich 1 hilI';:' just ~e(m and, accm..uiilg toO tire system· r,;f p'(lIioy ~"hic]\ I aiJopt, it.~ en<lell.vo~'llg to eQlltroo;-ert, Tl,~ gentleman did nGt so free op~ratiGIl:9'llgl:ot wli to be 1"¢$ti'll.il,ed. i'he .stJ'e~,gt~J ll.no~~nrt::ltld me.. r &tllte(1 it ilI'; a conseqnenoe deducible or th.e S,tftt.'1softheUniQII $ho)(IM,-not.be \>';1ISote,! iII :m f~om the ['{""position which h", tli'SIIl."~eil, whellthlltpreIIttelitp~in 11'111<:11 tl~'ey nlu$t l!ltiirnately iaif; the attempt' posiJionis "~l·:ri~<lou.t t·()~ts legitimate co"elusiG"s, rul Q'~)e

w··crppm;.e tl~:e e.s..(}rc:~~.~ of ~ ,eli!!~rly de6:n·ed .. pO\'l(;:-r" of. tll~ ··ltlcapM>lc _,:d bti:lug ~asbrned, :~~ind thus oor~'}cd out,. ~1lIr- ~{

F'eder!ll'Govet'a~m~~~t+ . '. - . the pu .. ~)os:e of $;l)e'"'\~~t1g that ~t\VM 30- l nons not. U1mmnd.- "j _ ;l'hereis yet ano~h~r l\!OjJect in ".;hleb tl.>\s. question m"y fuiof the su"es.UolI~ .of tbe gClllic-i1'I,nl) ii-orn Vi"gillia, be-''''{nl'ed~ If'th:e cmlseq,tli'.fic,," whicll'is !ith'ibuted to the whi,ell ShllH, in·dlle tlm(', r·"c,ei.~ attention i m1d 1 Cel-tal'll'

· 'hani;:ltllptlxlv, that of II· teiidellcyto ~rfni1Ji1.;"to:: tllc'so}l:e- Iy eli,1 not jlltend to do injustice to') ';il'O~llment Il'!licll. , 'reigri~;f"or Ul:e SUItes, Cu.li be k!jlthnatcly as:c,lbed, to, I,t" c(I!Il!riaucled Illy ntwlltion, altbr,;~.gh~t fmled to eOIlYnJc;> .··wlii)ll:ls· the:extllllt of the-pt'OPQSltIOl! tliell to b'Hleciuccl!. !; 1!11)' 3uclg,'ll'Ul!11'. Th'e ~1"g:UIllr:lJt ".~1I~' .the ten~!1I)y to

· 'nu", 'no~ tar: q,uestlon of'cmlEQlhh.tio;;" in tll.lt ".-,,,,,t; be",,, ·c<ln'!ll;(r~~()'1'1 ~'h',eh fhi3b!l{,k;rl;lpt b;ll11'oop~.olled to,ba .. ". depdedbYlhe People 'of the S\<\t~~"f thi~ Union, by the it is s<1;d, i~ to he efl'eeted '1>1 its slIpa-seiling the 8·m!c

.... ffi#.~. r~~"'. doptin~ tb.eC(>1l6~it'!~"il1 '.Slnce th!) w,wer l!).\t·~, Mg'llln.tillg' the rCI>l~e$ Ilctwe.cn debtor and cr.ew· to'Plll.'\9,·.S1;li:h·-s,.bw lSe:£'p:ros.sly g'1'fefl,. wlmt does the tlI'. 'tot., il a.ll,"el'~C'il. to the gl'~eil .p<;>wel", the ·e.xpfeS5 g.mnt 111. ~lm~l:lt.I '!'m c0Jl1oa1ting do, mo,te tllJaIl assel't thM the; ; the Consiitt\t1011,-to sh.ew~ ~lI.t ifthis'is the consequ,en~"

_ GOv'{lfJ,1imil:nt;: of tl\e UlIioO!, ill_the .;_,,;:r:c!se of powli:rs which '·01' the. _exercise. of .:t. .])O:wer, . speCillCi\Uy . grant~fl,",l1":' ):Qn:eS:~e'!1l-Y1I~(l!lt0to it;· will. . b·~, i.le~CS!illJily Sllh~' ~~'e of C ollstitu-tion; :and. !lot,~" Ilill~ isolmwolls, ·to this o'b.Jection, < ~

'.- .'

,6'77

[SF.NA'I"R.

, ' E'lit .¢ill> !.hi. result beprodueed Ilytl,e or ~l"tiOll 'of the I ag;;.;ngt whmll. III e eotl1"';'lSi01,) of h"l~kr~j>t;;.y li!l.~ ; ~;",,(L bill""'''' ;U\d:~·,c(l1IlSi-,lerlltioll. ~ Wil,l it!;, "fleet,!>e til super- ,H l~ because a.citiaen i>fthc· same State, im\;;ijg such cleim, sed e the Stltt,ekllVs j;,.-i.hec:<:;e lit! pposed r If SO; mast eon- ''''''Y go_ betore the Commissioner, and m:l)' bave his r'ghb saM.utln follow? 'The ar.g'\llmcnt goes to assert tll:lt~ll_ act' ,dc'cidcd 1)1' !tim, that tile b~ll ;$ supposed to be llIICOl1sii-

<!If O,wlgre&~ opera'i:ing g-cnef',dly tl,r,l"ghnut-tbeUnited i:utio:i:iaJ.' "

SMes, MId e~ll.lt>'v$I)' ()f the l'iw's of i:h~ several SbleS ji;i-IsiRiclio:n, ~li)eakin~ of it as helonging: to the judicial '(In ~e sabjeet-m~t!<tl' of 1I1;lI.t ... ~I:, must l\~cc_i'il~\' pro- ih"pa..l;'lrient <l'f tl,i~ {,Tnio:;n, is, de.t",·ed fr'o,,, varlous ·~o\.,.;: ... s duce this result. What is tillefi<c:t! '1'''", ir"'tlo:n.~~S:1re uti.dci' t)lg oConirt,tntio-o &r the UIi,;t~(l S~tes. It is unuemultipli~d in which acts ,)f thi~ ehal'~l!;I~ ~)ll .. ebeen in dsi .... v to enumerate them. Til,' gel'ltlernn.n who sui' OI"'t.lti;')11 fl'C>!'II the ccmmencement of the GOVcl'I1!11ent, Fe;;ted thi$ (Ibj¢ciion 110 doubt'recollects tlla,t provision (,f yet, '110 such C(}ns!:CjllenC(l' h\LS followed: ,{nthe exercise i'he. Constitllt~Qtl :",l:oiol1;; ~IIlllU(:l'.rtillS" the objects of the Qf,,11 those pO\l'er~ which are g:l:nnted hy til" C'OoJlstitutiQn jurisdictiou of'{lie 'Fed,CTa1 Jnilie!rn'Y; <;)",o;lru-e. that it sh;,:i!, to Ule F~"'<:r,L! l;lo';""i'omMt tbt o.re,il\t"m~.I.; anil de- (Iln(""Il' other-thin""'; ext,en,lto"nH eases ,,~ming- under the s;;pc<l to cm .. ), into drcct tlw gee .. ! ob] .. ets of theOon- laws of 'the Unif~ S!(J,t~s" Iii' it he ",ithill'UIC constrtuft'lC'ra~i(;)l1; t!'05l< wh.lch ",!"e external, these ,p.I·inciples of I tional competency of ~~f111gJl'e~S to pllSS,~ il~n'~;~pt lal\". exclusiveness and 1ITIIfll!'i):'i;t.1f ~1fl.I·C been called into a.cl:mlj]; I as ~ ne<:e.~s'tl:l'conseqU\encf)j,ru.1 cqJ1!J'\l1'<Oi:S'eS :rt·.QSll1lg'llnd~I' Md. )"Ct. this tendency ;.0 (;oi.\SoOli(Mio~1 liM Mt been felt, II if "~lll!! be ~ro,"gbt i).efolce. ~,le l'.e&.';""i fO:~.U:U.'. ",lle g1~llt or, ,f fell, bas been 1·~Sl,st~.;.., 'of iurlsdiction to the ,J'UhCli\I"Y ~ as eli:p!klt as the ~rll.nt

L~t us take_(ln.otIHlr' \'ie,~-, !f :his tera~~!l::Y to consoli- I of 'I)O'~e.r to the le!$';sl"(il:~ dC:pal'~[l]"~'t, Jf, then, 'CQl1J~ (litton be it, It 19, COlltcr?t.dLccl !I~t ~" ~h'l!: ll~(:~s~a~~y .cOt~se- gr'e~ 1;0. t~<s_ ~:-:erc,se.of 1.18: e()U\5Ut.t..ltl?JlI_~1 :pOW~I· oto_p3.S& quence of .ny law at the 'Uuited States which, actmg lnws e.t:.blish!lig''' l!I11,fol'm system of b'mkr~1?le}', ~h(lll ulllf,mlll~' thrO\~gh'Hlt the several States, excludes in its adopt this blll, unquestiqnshly tile j'1ii"isdiclion of tile Ilfm'1\ti~1l '!I1e !oqJIl.ws <.iI' S\'~eh.SMe$, th,~,\nqli.izy would Fe,J,(!l.,.l Cilwt, wcukl: attach, -and l·jghlfl1Uy 'lliri constitli:;:.n be, to, ,whM ,,;;t",I\~ ,'''OIUt! the prl'!fi~i(m$ of thisllet ,tufoonill~'Iltbch, to fL1I ;:;(II1IToYel.'sic9, under it, as UQ cases s\'pllrs,e;Ue those looallll.1l,", in I'elatim, to theremedies aI"ising ,inol·er n lawof the 1Jlliwi! St\lte$, . : , ' b .. :h~l·~el'l (lebtoli- ;l1i\~1 crcdttOl.~? And here the delusicn T'h~ Se1U"ttorf'!~Onl Vtrg~uj:l d.Cl;licSl thisconcluslon, and! V,'ll\I.\ es, Iti~ ~n ~""UTQptio" Wll;~h l,l:o".".~;;."ft\i' ;'<trona for til" pm'pose of t'{!p~llill,!j: 'it, he 'n'1tlil·es '\Ii!~th"'~ ~e t.,~ facto of the case, to say that tM, whole 'system of that same consequence will not. follow' feom the pl'OV!S10!1 ,vlHch hi'; wsll be supersed .• -<l by this 'let That which is assumed allti!<lD'jzes the' CQlIg't'oess of the (-,",ted States to, e~t,\bl;ili is, that 1!1"wy (l.d.>t~H· fims.t be II bmlkl\lpt. In j·ci.u.lo!l to a'lillinmn vule of mlhm~ljz3tio". which is to be fonnd ill ,:I!I tJIM class (]if.d~btvrt i\'lw ~I'<l Il<lt M )il'loSent mn~I~.bl~ the same sentcnec ? This ,js the p\Il'pO!'!: of·tbe illq.!Jl]"' to t1H!. forum of ]'crkr~1 jlU'isdir.thm, and ,,'110 sh:d.! not Inasmuch as tIle !J"" er to establish a Im,!'imn rule "I' natubeco-ne bxnkrupts, ,he ~C)I'el'e\f>"1y of the States of this i";ll,;z;;t1cm iS$"il'"'' in equivalent terms, in.the S'Mn!l article Un,;"", r-emains \ml()~I~h~d b:' thjs bilii. Tlus s,ngle 1'Clie". of the C'o;)!IstltueiO,l'l with that l'ein,t,'Ilg' 1'0 bsakruptcy, do tj.'m llff,mi~ a ~ltfHci.c"t answer 1<.> the sllsoge,tion ofthe : ll<Jhiglltsdciived under the !1:.t~!":lliz"'t;on,"ct8' ral} within 8'''':l.tol' fl'Om 'Til'gin;'''' . the jllrts(iici:io!l of lhe I""lieril.ll~;b<lnil]:! •. ~. questions

I "lliW. however, propose ;1:11 in'll.liJ'Y. The clFed of I at'Jsino' under :< hlw of the United. ~'lates,' The j)af'li.culal·

allol1."ng the objcct"Oll would ~e til hlll,t the opc!':.ltimll ,of case s'tated is this: ' ,',' _ - '.

the ~.m (0 lhlJ':le p."WHS who ",I'e BOW the objects {If the i H .u fOl'el?·,"!l; ~"C '''JJ!t~ll'"I;.e,1 ill "h:tll~ of ,.. hw ":b,,,'11 ,:I"" s. i;"I;o:, .ofthe r:-:d~,'t11 COill'ts, "'Hl.to esd,,(!e Its ~elim' 'ha" been I'~!'t.scil In. til;; exercise gf !hig :l'0w~'r, ~tl<l ~'Y ]',::1'.",,,,," cnizeus ofthe same State, A In!! sornodified.would force oftl:mt !~_\tmalm\.bOn S1'lill1 "C<I'I"(' ')'g;bts W hleh, mbe, in :lin vie'" (lr the g,mtl~t:l~ll, with,n the coustitutlonal det>ctlde:l1t1· of' it, he could Bot h;o.e enjo,reol: if, in the powers of the <o"el'llm~OIt, 311(1 would be relieved fj'om eXQh:ise of those I'ight&, he shall enter i'lto. OUuU1lct,:> with th~ o~,j.ection ,of" tende"c,' to COl!;;uhlat'ofl. \Vithout a citi:>.cn of the l1i'llted Sbltcs rcsident in the sa.me smt:.; sroFfl;~ to Im1"il''' how, mail ,n what fn .. :ci5e ma.nnel', this with lumscnr, ami sue\) cit"';;m 5h,~!l ",,11 111m, before the: e?'~lhl' he (l"!le.:r ask" wh«t wo"kl: be the eondltiuOl of I St:\te 1J';hunal j WQuIII n"l.~hi~, equall,'· \I"'lil ,\ ·qli<1.~~"f1 elt'~<:fl~ of l\ Sb'te, ,nliL;rf" b:)jlk!'llpt );,\\1' p;1<$8e<J; bv the of o,,1!I<1'''Ptcv, h,~~, c,,"e :"1s'''S'lOmi,el' illal)' of the .Und'e.c~ !h~t'3d Str"tes, Ilnd:,.,.,ting· upon their fdhJw.citize~s, il~ S:tllle~; 1l:mllfuble, therefor"" tOil be wi:t~ .• h'aw'rc {i'om the l'~r"I'el,ec ·to 111~ir eo,,,,h':1ctswith aliells':J.nd w;H, tile citl"e,,~ S!"~,, fm1ln1, "oil. c"l'ri~d bclbre, Uw'l·'edet:..1jlll'i$!lietiOl,1 t of othc!' SMe", !Jut {rom the opel~tioll ~i' \I:hIdl \lie)" I alls,"'et,-thefl~"tl()gy oet,veen the hv?' "a,,£s~51~0"I:tlJ:Jlec:t .. ~li(),;ld be' c;<dtl,I~rl.? Tile proceeuJlJg1> '11 banla-uptcy [nr.ll~A NDOU'H.-Tbe t\I~:\l(,gy'IS llut pede.<:;t;',~ ,I'M !"e'''g'mtwe pmmI,t J.\ o.Iiv,,~tlllg the <Jl~bto .. of C.OlltmJ o'elnlenmn hltS sb,tect it; but. b"", .. \)!;(; Ci:\I)(I~~: ii;, thif~d~ o':'e,r t.is pl'ope11y,' of'wh~t'C:ve. dcscr;ption; that CQl1!e;. :less at. wbQ~e ~hl"\" I wOl'!ShiF1j 'IH~wilrpel'mitl1l.e:10!;Cx, :"i~:."ljl ;t.~: op~""l;"':', tIianth'e PJ·o",~. of thoe co:Il11:l01l1;1,u". Ther'. is "foi'Ce ill the a11:L!('3'Y'rn:.mw,t!J,'iIl:.:t.1i.e';g·en. Jl~~!,d~1l!'lil\'in"L~. tile 1:'esul~~()i[IM. ~c UIES: :~ c~l~mission tlcnmn is w'dl,,,tf to) alloll', as he?~,~t' ,"f3:y nh.,w ,ofUt:,,~ 0'< "m,J;.b·llr1iJC? aW~ide<:l ~g'"I11St ll'Cltl>'CIl of "!I'gm;a wouirl ancient ~!h1 Vellel'(Lbk Coml ' ,!v~'dth, :whm<,e.fe'eM~'u]ld :;\dm\r, 1'", ihe d;sti'tb;i!!:;!;~ .vftlie<:>:liectli of that hm~k:mpt"l l.W"'OI'lhy but :o;ell.lo.u~ 1')) , Ilfl,l[scF:"I\ilt I ~,m, t·m:fl.lt"1lgl!"II f'n'Cigilel'~ a"(I'IlJ)n.l·lllli!le'llt.~-ll11!,p",'S~,UlS 'competent to er ca!1J iloldl"mll. ttl,,)Y the Qo;'st'tutirlll ()~'thc Uplted r,'o into the Fcd"I,.:t1 j'U'iS<~i'?ti,on';"','n~ ,~,,:tldeXdll,d.~j1v"(1 • S,t:<. te~, "' O::.iljzell W:~i United, St;~tes", 0:': ofQ,llY s,t:)te, lS,mh ,,11'.!';>.l'e oft?c <::$'i"te ",c,t."",,,QfYlr&1illjl., Ulll.,.s th~, is titlctl toO "II ~1E"'1)]''''Jleg';8 orS. cl~l,zellll~ thi;! .. tile.' .$t~l'!$, fL 'e?nsH!.llm~I'''n to be ;i'ls)l,:MOI) the, !i~ital!">lI i>H~~s:t~d ~e,9pecti"eh" Bytil:iat).",~<: 'j)r~vwol) e>ltne COllsl~tl:).~Oll" by.he Scn:ltfJl' f,'Om "u'gmla'c"~no~ b.e'destrable, ·tho$>e whldl bottOlIls the Uo,,<:,.rnml;llt 011 teN'(1,fr;I~~ ilO Imcl{l'lI. m',e :he "''.1')' b,jd' ~m,(u'ks :'I'hl?h l T'!'''P{)~'' to ~uhl1litT ,.11 :~ j~ cl'lillhlc onwldltlt .. !.~mt 'YOn !lllturfllize,!,mu-!. u~e~~., r~ply to:> t.he ~U!,.'S"<:)ct!OII. U'l!tit will be tilet~nd.em::~; of th~s ymil ,gcntkln~11 f<,d"'~:llSts: 'A:'lll~n,: \;01U"'I ,11110 , JJ'g-U1:'''' b,lUo p""ELuce COl\s(lJ,dati<)l~. ' 'who' C&.11l1otlmld b,J;J,j' J,r; V'l'gm.!\ l,Jl[, by ,the net of n.t,,_ , It;~ ,ie",!: "rge4 th"t it is'1I,,,,,,,\.titllti0I1,;1;he('''il.~;tgil\'e., l'3]j",~tio,i. 'of the Unitea. ta,t,e:.,. '1:1"; b"ootn~s qt~i<l;fiecl to

.1<lJ"5clk~iotl totbe }'cdei,,,l· COth"'!! It''t'~ei,,j'citk,,e''ll()f tlie ,hold bnil~lI(Yl by ,the _:Itt 'of Yil'gilli;;,b.llt by, the ,l<i"1i ~~lme ~tatc, "juY;sc!ioe:ion not oonfelTe,rO.n:tbclll, 'by the :c...rohli.iLiI\"" tI \uii~o!'m l:u1e of'lIt1i:1n·o.JJZ'ItlOll, Y:0u may C'lDlIstrtt:ltiOi\ of' tbe lill,ted f;~~te.s, It i~r,t~,.,eed't\(ll, III nnttll'lilizeKnn'if. Ji'oll,pl",a:>e,(M m'01ncnt he :Stl'lkes the ,ctlrl,)<-il")g it~w .,xe<:1a("'lDl thll jlt'¢I'i.i{lnsohbl$ Mil; YQuwiil,wb<irf.;;:.he c!lijrie5ulidf;r~he 1(\\1', ,lIl\(} ours my lund, TiI~ l-end1l"I' 1l.r1e'nable to thf'--io!·tlm or,the COfl1nllssioocJ!' dti- lall'"gi"eshim'CO\i!'~cit,yt,(dJ[lk:o; \'Illd to, ho~d ; and when [ "':.m,~ of the S~'lt" in which he s;~" ~5 we}iLas lllW;CoI' ?tn~I;':'giire,b!r(Hh" tle'~I;,b.e 9b",U g;,~~ 'lllIH, g.vcn $um (.Of ~~",~;:; $I,'.tes, Or "be"s.;, wh<5, jut ve dll"l'Is 'l$IDnsl !be 1l'l.di.YiiluJll ; <il~ tWIll lin"" "lr,mol~'gnge trll,l1c doe,<) tlliit ' "''lufu 1. C'Olll(;

- ... ~< ~"""'~~""';-' ':' _.- " ..... : ~ :I .... ~:!I"i~ .... " -.;-~~" .... -"":!t"'o'i:"!h.'~I1!';":::-, ...... -. ... -...;' • .,.0!1".~;:::.":o""~-! 1.·'1·t?'"\~~:_~T)7· .. ,x.

_.;:

SENATE.]

t';'.Ollst him fl:<J1'1l ,th~ lai,d a)l<:l. C(i""i>"lhm) l,_},p:'Y, t1.J.~.Qf~;l;:,l'(.!I~tcj· in. """II S(~b:,·Q!'eQP~ti!J,gQl}thJ>.~clMo:of li\loney., be says to me',. " I was IlI!ca,!,ahl~ of ).loUillg, but ,per.\>II8, ",1.0' :\. ... ameb;ili,I"" .t~;th" fedeJ.<J jurisdiction, by \Imler the, net of COIl,gt'e!lS ~S'bbljsllll'lg ll'I,nira.rm. ru:le Of ·th~.grant of power to til,)!;" tl'tbllno.is to hear and determine ·ll!l,m.l'iili~ati;on; in spite of till e inslitl.!tiQll$·:af Vjrg'ill:ia, I controversies between aliens aali(ljti:l.cI!S!,llud. bet\v.een cit"'!'" ;shelterllJlde~, t~"'t rule. MY,I"t;d lie~j~ the extreme t~:r;eii$ o~ ~l;tf¢J'ent $!at<)$ ;t!l¢ ~thtt;"c<>nfil\cd in ils opes .. - \J~ cst.pn.rt of VIrgmlll, ".00 ",8 Lbelieve It IS ~'el'Y meen- 'llon-to cuizens 9r tlle sameSb.te , ~nd that Qnili:mmt:v,; to Y(mi~fit for ~()\l to {i("to Ric11IDood, ;-"stc",dOI g001&, t? '8eC~l.Ve whleh w~~Jhe'c~lieflUoti,'e fod'ivestiog- the GrlUe" the County Gourt at Cb'l'lotte.,. i Will <;.arry y,)',\ to R1C!i: r3.l. Go""rnm~'rIt WIt!, :tb'~]low".l" '11'(>,,1<1 netbe "l;taine.L Hlln: • .d.". 1 say, "I wij] I10t go," He roy~, "yo,t 511,,11 I win·m:.~",.:\ btief ob...,; ... ·lIt'orr Oil the "."xtobjottiOli to !p>. Tbjis CQlltxO;.erw WOws out of rnycapacity to take this bill, wh'cll.ass~Fts that it 15 ullcon5tihiti,om~J, because th)ID rOil, and hold lrolll YOll, under the s~JCltel' of the its efi'ectwiJI be !O disCharge ,e.iistil'lgcontraets. TI,e ,estnbllShn!ent.of 3. uniform rule ()f na,",1TI\bz,1<tj(>~ •. I cl"'lfl1 p~we:r t~ pa$$!1 b;t~)b'l!ptlaw> ,'" a vower to pas5n.n act rhe ~~;;fit of the F~dern! C ourt, because this 1$ a case wsebill'l}"'S' th~oblognta9n of:! ~OIl~~Ct. . Tile t~~m b~n~ t~~ ames UTId"r !I law' or CO"~"il'''"$> as m.Udl as a case. I'Mlncy .'s t<l-cl":lI~~L Its mcalllns: was ere~r)ly settled III nIl,,"!\, under til", b.o",kj·lIpt IMIt.' 1 .. r..~S'bl'l(l bef(>.~" I~ w,,·~ tl'll!)~f~rred from her statute book to

MI'. lil'lll:HiE:N I"s.mr,,~d_-:-r Itllo1l'.I'1ltMrll.he ease pl'O!J'O&. tile (,Oilstitl,w:m of the United St:.ltes, The b~liIkrupt had ed as the Sellllltllr from ,'hgi;llhl has now' stated it; and if ceased to be considered a criminal, The law of ba,n'krtlpt= lilY poor op,illi'lll ona question thus llu;ely pl1)li.'!iI;iOl~al is of ey, :Juke benelielalto thecredcor and tile debtor, SC<:IJJ'cd. <\:n1 value, the genUem,m m"y be relieved from all "l'prc· t(lUlc fermer a !ruthliJ.l (IPI)licl.tiol) of thebankrupt's ef· hcnsice, if he sb"illd ever enter' iuto such a contract, t\l"t feels; to the laUe~. on ccrtaincvJ!<lijjO)ll".> " ,li,.<;:bal'~ {'rOil. he rom be 11c)Jr;v.cd "fh;s right ofgo.Jl'Ig into .he Count,' hi·, debts. Such was the well settled int.cvl'r e tation ot'the Conrt 01' Clwdottc, ~nd be. can'ied."S" .. l"S1; hi. consent 00 UtI'U'I when til" fr;'(r)ers "r the Co".timticrrn used it in the. Ri:cl'l<l1Olld.1fhe illdi,,;dll~l who hi.s been naturalised cl"I.\I~<: u!1de:1' ""'ll$:dei'~tiGlin ; and, S~ ll¥·i!l;g. i.~, the power to nnder a 1 a ,~ of the Un'it~d S.t,,~, unci who, e;:,ercisnug disellau"g'c:, deMor {i'olll t!;,e 6bligatioIlS ;if l,isocOlltrnct W~~ th~ right;; 3.etj.lure:d by th~t 11~\t~.';l;!i?~ti(>ll, ~ b,,~ b01l1h~" n Ilccc,ss,ary consequence or th~ grllnlor pOW"I to pass 11

tm<;t Qf t'l.lld, from the gentlem.an from ""'ll"'ma, !)(:l.Ilg- ban~r"pt I,;"v, .,

himself a c\\\1.el> of th"t State,canllot resort to tbe Fede- But, it does not rest merely ';>11 th'" ~cJ:jti.,.j gr"r,t of pO"' • .... '" j_aiilldicQQu ill "il)' <;Mlroyersy gxo"ii~g out of th .. t ('t \ O'lOris it.simply a consequencedcdncible from 't. It OOFlt:l'ae1t. 'I'e~u"lts ii'fm! ·this filso. ·that. wbile the Constitutioa of the

To the inci\(~Yi whether, as in tile case 01' h~nkl'1flI)lcy, ! Uni.ted StAte~ illhibNl til(, States [rom j'rJ.ss.ing ""11' ~w 1m. the ooll~,'ersJ d'OC,' s no~,: arise und.er It .Iaw o~ tt~c, Ulli.ted I· rail'i"g tlJe.ol.)lignliOf\ of COJ,)U'l\.~, ~.~ such ~1:5tri,.t~()n i. SUit~$; Iflasffiu0l'l ~.\) t.l;", CQmp~tf;r.wy of the m;rll""ldu~l. to Imposed on the lJo"'emmenl. of tne l'Il,OJ~, }.Y<1lJ:llf It. had hold land ~vit111n the Stnte of V)I"S'injt\ i."deriilcclfhlm the !'eeIl,. ~tlll; if, in tile exrrcisl) 01" the !,OWel', expressly ilatu;:iilii.ati.oll \let, 1 "'os''''U'tll[,t such contsovcrsy dues mit !r"'llte<l,. of'pn ss, i;lJ,r :>..I..:m!uopt hw. it be<;6,1;;,c I~cc""""ry to arise uader a 1"" of th<;: United St:,tes. i;.\l~ UlMlcrtl!c con- impair the ",bligation otc.o:nl'·:l~.I"'. tile tWQ clauses n~u;ot I'taet entered into between I.he imti"e andthe ll:~tul'alized; 11j,ve been so construed as to have been reconciled. Tile citizen (If Virginia. The right ta take, the c:Ilflucity 10, I'0W~I' to I".o:ss " b:"ilb'llptl:l.w would na.e been COIJ.Si(le .. ed con~",,:<'t, ill one ~I'd!i[' ~l,e ind of :oaking-. the ~ohlal con- ' ~ ~n c?,ccplion to me inhibilio,.l to P".R~ hm'.~ impnh'ing: the had, '" a,l\()tller. 11,"" r:trrht to t::ke, th~ ca.;h"\cl~y to IXIII·· "o].gll.tHm of couteects, But, when we lOb""r,,'. tn\it .,n" tract, are d,cri've<1 !rolJl the 1,,"1' of the UHite:t1 S~';te.; but ~,)hibiIi01i QP.e~;:t.te~ ",,,If!)" .. he SIll.t.c" .whik til", l'~b .. slath'Warc not ql,e"tto'lod-110 eontroversy ,maeB Irom th"t tur:e of the Umo," is left free and unresrrictcdj thc inference SOUi·C~. It ~r"w~ ~"Jo~ the eowt~t, ru:.d is fOjJj\(kdMO"e 11s pl~;ll-~he bil:l is fr~e.ii'Om tbisobjection. " . upon Its alleged nQ,lauon. (t ii< objected thnt it Ii> calculated to bohter the papor

. In,. th'e (;@c9fthe b:mkl:ujlt law, tJ'e qnes!ioug ~rise. e~- :sysLem. r '''II.'10~ di"po d to ·ent~l" ifl'lo the ~?"s;o(lcl'lltml\ clu8:l"cly under the prQ,'lsIOlI$ oftll" aet. It presc:n1)·cs I to WhICh E :lim Ill\'It~d by tbe ill,g!llll1<!nt O'f.o,(: :-;c:n:lI.I)l· n'om ih~t; ?n tire oeeOliI1',efiee of cet'lJ!.in e,·,cnt!l,.fI. ~"'I'li, '~Ill;u'· d~· Yi;~g1f1in, whether '(h~ "s!;.<l>!1s,!.'mCll~ (>1', ba;nkS, wi"t,hh, ttl" sC!'~lmoll of pe:rs('ns n:~ay be pro~,.eeo~kd ",g"'-n:~t III ,. PI'e. U~lt?(1 SIMe>. h"'~ b . .,,,,, betl',chenol or "'~!'~\·WI~'C. .I hnve R~ ;,,:;rJbed m nller, by wlncb til.!e)' may be de_cillred ban.hupt, < 0PUlIO') OIl t.111.s.~<'bJcct, which ! \HI.l,e"pro~ Id~cn the veThe 'l\1es:!iO'TI oftlwl~ ",cu!'I'ence 1\'011 cOfl.ti.~,Ille ;). c'Ontl'o;.·1 I'::lsioll requil'<lsit. {tilt. cert~il\~y, it i$ R ilil,(lll".·;objcctio!" verey under a law ofthc U ",too Stll,tes, and wpll, the'l'cfQJ-':, I to the 9yst'CI;l sought 1.0 be e..'<t:.o.i.>.L.Ju,d by ih$ bll.J, th;.t It 'lest the _iu,rt;;.:lkti(ln in the federal cotlrlB, While, il\the is cukuhlted to op,~ri'tl; to \lH~ e.;;:cinsi.'c, 01' "",m to tile case Sl:aMd by \he Selllfilor from Virginia; the COfltl'0\'CF5Y , IHllticu.~,aJ~, bC;;Icfit of the b,I1:lk$. 01'1 ;:he cQ'ttrarJ, .it os will not (wille unde'r IlIlIY l"w ·of ~h" Ul1ited Sla'l¢S" !;\It slm· ,,"ost 'ol"'io'(t~ tI,,'t Iii \I'm ,,{T'Ol<il to imhl'id"al doh~'l'~ ~. r<:> ply .""dcr"conttEl"t ";'t~r,,-(l :iut.:o by ;>:11 indiyid'~"I" who.." ~O~frce \Vh,~, th~}" Cal1not oth~r\\,j"", ];M'e "'ll'lhlS't Ihe ex.· c'\p~du. to COOl:\.l':lct wa!> ,gl,'enuy tn:ct hw. . ~ctjol1~ ,ofth()is·G i.lI,titutimw, hy .. ,t.lm.iHio\g"·tli(;m to a llnt'd.

I will lIut, hO\\'e,<>t, l'e"U.heIi~b~ to ifl"C$Hhc courts or ~$tiOtl in the cffect" of ill\! ihl"ohr.nt's ~~I"lt$. J\ t p:r\"9Cl'!,. 1he United Sl.ate~ widljwlso'l'\,utliEl between cif,~~~:IIla wl"iCI\'!\.Cil:!le ofinsolv<!Thctoccms, illaillfillch ... stile '()O'I,~el'illi dti:?eill, solely .oil that pro,,'isiol~ oHhe CO'lilstitu1rion Wb';cJl ,,(tJ-.tdc, atc cttrrie-:l Oi.I.by tIt'!' .-,,1 of the bllllb,lhc fu:sl gives to tb.o.e CO\H~'Jjllli.lIdictiC)l) Over c<Jnn"(l\"e~"5ies':l\rjsillg !}I'el-~Uon I. "'" :lSSig'!lmcnt of the prupc:rty to {l,~(un pte: ullder the laws or t.bt iJllitcd St."tcs. It '" ,,·ell d~ri~"d fCITcd " .. editoIlS. COlIs,\sti,Hl"" gcne~"l!y, of the endo!"'el'$ Qf from th~t source; but if is mOi'CQ'ver ·th·:; .!le"",s,u'y co·ns<;. ~li., insolv.mt, ,,,,d·thc "'i:g'iU,e~ under th·e State hu,,,I .. ent <j.lience of ttle grant whic.ll i..~ 110'" the subJect of :consider:.. IIJ.lVS cntei' 11 pOI: theil' oflkes :1I1:cl',h.; ,df.:;cts al'e disf'0~t:Hl'Il. ,UIllel>~ COllgre$..~ po.,scs:,~ the PO\\"Cl" to .sive to'llle e,lof.

fed,eral tribumils e:s:ctu:Slvc jtlri.sdictiC)'i in l.ilattel';; 'I>I bll.I\l';:· 'l'b" n,n~k I)f l:h~ Urut~~l 5t:J.!.e;:, 'pl1ti\cllllllcJy. hll!! libe I\\ ptcy, by wl:n~t possili Ie py?ce..s COli hl m:ll:'ornait~, h~ gol,"en rigll t to: SlLe ill the ]i'cJ,e''lIi CO.UPIS by 0;;:1: pl"C!i8 !P'lIJl t, mId. to the, system 1 If the I)ct~Otl of those h:1!runab IS, hm"tcd tbe JllUg-CS of I.ho,,~, COUtts, llwcsted ".tl, the powe~ .01 to cases 'Where tllc)r have jW'isdiction it!p"''I'O'I,'m!, M,! all J.\dl<::",l r.",gi~.J!".t'Qn, h'we cs,efci;sed it JTO some of tI\e Cll'· coniroveTlI,es,between ·citizens oOfthe ,,;utie Stale mnst hoi ollit'l,- by tbe 'cstahlishlfletlt ofr.uTes wEel) conduct the sui· ~etaed in the dome$tlc f(lrl,lm; the system wou](l be mould- tor veU.s levaji~io t!J'l desI"cd lla""n. Witl~i.n t!Jil'~Y d:\ys at: (ld rtccol'ding to the diverse 1cgis!MlQIiI ,of . (he. d;f!~!'''''llt , tel-the i.n~ti'tt!li'()ll of ~ILnction, fill~lj\l.dgml!llt Ii~'l' be o~. St"t~s, and wouM be MI!lje-c;t. to the a.l.mQs~.lII'i!eeSl>~ily n\. b.illcll, ~!Id in thQ~e Sl~~s \!'::IIere tt.e _judgmcnt \lUl,.Il· :rying- (lecisiollS of twenly.,rOll£ di~tinctoncl independellt rui.es the lien, tIle Ij:mk IlriOi it !lit,. h, ,,1;$ PQwer to I1PP~ jl!.dici~:l1'ibUl1;a1 .. Tliull wo-uld be, ill df4'tt;. two ~y~l'lmJl pli.,to;: to itself, e:xC1l1iO,;,'c1!', the. ,,(feet. oJ :m illtol~~llt

· .. .' .', .~",:- ... ,

.. - ... , ............ _.- ....

"st.~«';. i.l'_ 'if it. "h"I'eB. tl""m, ifwill1i>e ;;_'ith ~lie:ns.:"nd uon l,er, ~J1<1. d.N:ply to :tfRct th" i"'Wi~'~stsof 1.1", SI"." b"nks, !)es"I~IlH, for th<>.B""ks.of~h". St.te,' :'t:nJ:th,,:dti~!!~ "r 'in which the merchant, W/;:J'e j)l'indlj~!' !:rt.Q~kholde!"$. the Stile, confined twthe dome.stic' t:l'!limml~> oilmlOi en- 1'I!.i$,~ I'b.e.refm-e", i~.'olle,!tn<l, not tile .IC!lst Qftho,5C c~j~ml.-· ter in]" til:) competinou, It w"O.uld be the efj7eGt of:l ties, witl.! wll'cch "tINY 11an: hlld to contend (lUling !he

lbllkrupt I~w to put ti.!is i3~t1t!ltjJ)!l on :J. fuoting ;wi~h tbilh~t)v;ellty yea.r;>. . . , .

Qth"l"c;reditQ~~ .oflOl>ankmpr, (ll"lmltting ·1lI1<:I11· ~Jl· to;> :(1. i ~\l;~rng: thaC 'timc", also, tllty 1> ... "" ~q';t'!I:l:e;re c t ,Ii:t~ t!],,,"t~o.b.l"di~tl'li1uti(l1'.. . . ' .." .' ·I~m!.ti?~ ;;.c:w!'r, :md -th".gT~~t mercentile <:',IS'., wlneh-f"l-

Theobjecticn that :l B!it1.k~tj,mt bww"uld en.ble ['''lId •. , lowed therestor n tlon of peace, to "n the ,,"t'OM of !'\u:· uleut debtor;;; to set th~i)'c:r-ed',to.i-s :,t <:Ieflatl(:~; seems to l'i>pc: from bdug tho:' ¢~I'rier." of the w'i!:Jd~th.,y h~"c m,H.o be s;ng"lbrly inappr-op,;;atl]e. . That is" the ,cilllS:C-. fOjr~d th" Otearl', :It one time, noltlllg.:.r :lct",,~'hl., I.\J their queuce.of theactual state, ~rt:tlill;rS-:,' ,?(}"'~c_qlJ:"nGe Dilly; nw~ peaceful cntcl:!lflw,1i:hmy have pas5cd,.,. thl'O,!,gh a to be II;v,er'ted !:>f·t4e p"'YI$LO,,~·'>tll\l~~1l11. Unt,1 yO!l"'~n pCI'J?dofc(H!Jmcl'cl.aJ. ca]amlty, to _ ",h)ci, nc!~hcr.l1erej (\,'ot.", J"dgm,mt :!g'ubl.s.t yom: il<oMo r , e~oopt where the W'" :i¥! Europe, b~~ thel'~ boenlwnd" p~l"lld HI ~jl~t(),y. jJ'i'{)':WI .• of "t~~d"n(:'n.t is used, hiis 1iwpel'ty i. :<"t his {H~. i Their d~im~ m'". the.""f1l!'e, IR0""ated to the Lcg:.lsJ'ature pnsal, unci he w,,·,tr:.s it '"S, he thinks l"'<l'lj~r, ·ci.HW:r.iLl des •. oi 'th.e Union at t,h,s moment, with S!l'all[f and: pe,euli"l'

perate :1~l\'~:It"I.'·~' Or iii the in61ul~nce ofltis 0">11 ext!',.· force,. . '

.... ""g'.~lC;:,. He tlk~8ltf~mn you IgC f\"iv(l it to :another, ;!'lld On the subject of·lllcn:nn!.ile eharacter, ] am not tl.is~. "'hen he has dOJle this, is entitled to the benefit of the posl!d '(;0 p'rnU()llllce·the ,eulogy or myo(}lIl\(,yriu,n,. tliO\lg4 inM)I".",t l".ws of tiles,""t"l'\ll St!l~"J whld, have no iflhi~ I ,,1:;0 1m,'.;, some Icn<)wl~tlg'" oftb"t ctrl~rMt"'~ The pur!oleic", ~gT!;n~t th;~ pl!<:f;':"<;nca .<If i.[,div:icl.II~J crcd;l'Q!'S, ~!1d. I ,,~it~ of professionallife h,we ~hrown me, fo .. mo." than which eaanct p~"~nt Mm £00\" wMti',g l"is' prop(),'ty, ' tll'~:"ty yeo!,!>, into fI.·~'l!u.~'!lt ir,tm:OI'rs" 'w'th. the 'Mveau. w;l~e he hl"ls the. ~~~dispo!h[lc of it. lJn~I~!' S,tc!J_; . laws. mee(J)nJ~u!lj~Y,,~nd,like til",. SC,n~tc>r fl'Om, ViJ'giI!i~~ I WQ. 'm m$oll'Cllt rnCJ:Y·:Ii<$.gn lllsefi'ecl;S M). trustees, J).'!ld tIi~y, am. planter, ·rile !'~SIl1t 01 this, ~l)sel.Ylltmn . cuubles IIII\' "H.ked, ~(}t h~:s ·c·i;CJ'Ct<Jl'S at nefial'lc.e ; while. under till] tOga:!, that tlte character '01' the Arner;nn me:I''':!mnt!$ "r,e;-~t'lot1 of a n",ukl'upt hew, it ~ol)nl,1 be wrested from . emilwmly'd'tsUllgnCg\wd i)yl!ibe;r"nty. and en:.e!i'ri~~. by hIm "ud &ilb5<>ctcd tl) di~tJilbUl1!.fI1. In\(ll;:.l.' ~h~' dil'G~~i,Qn of! 'ot"g:dty j,m! Inl~ml~~iKt.. "rhe <'J"f'~fi,m wl.'wth~l' '" '!II, lhe',f.;.;}~n,_l:n.b£iot10~· ~tI;(l .. i\.s~tgnce:=;" .. ~:uel'OUS: c~k .. ss 'of Gu,r ci,t'i~c'w,~ thus ~lt:wJifi'Q(l to 'cor~t~.'1bl=-te

SGl1l",~ Jhblc is 'this bill to I1H>. !)bJ~clifm so 1l,U'~estly ~f> tlw public wd~l> with slloh doiI"5 on OU1' s}'ml)f't]o~i", nye (! welt upon, ,hat ut \~iH p;!?p(r ,~!;c .• xe '?,t'he "~ot of~ti() '.md onan~ jil;t;J;:O too, .~lbH be p~tl";t~.(t tQ <;,i:,¢I'I,111'2.· h·c-c"dt! £:r~tcm of Vli'glma..,!';I:e P)·ov'~'ons, in :r~l(ltiOll P'iW<>I.'S which GO(l IW5 g~\'{:n them. ")1" MIClF OW]] ,mil l'h.e- 1:> nfhmt:.t,l' Jhllki'uptCY,. "'0 '<)Q clear to :ldm;t of doubt ] public hen~lit, 01; ,dlrrth.er ihey sblJ ~'e doomed 1:0 weerOn thls s"bj<,"t. No fl'Cdmld~r can he s'!ll)jcctcd to the. mH the,.!, liw;s, "'il'l servitudcand chuins," hll)()l~ ~·$()kml<;. O"Cl'''~;Q.,\ of this law, wjrh,<)[].!' hi~o'''ni}1;e ",HI and 'COrio <1[1~~t'o", (me ,I'llid\ i, :;nl'.11"d t.o the fl"",-e cOI]~t[i(,r~ti!Jtl Hem;l'n~e~s" b~"id~$ bGic;,S" n frechcldcr, It" ;"'~"Is" <.'1,- 0'[11,o' S"l!~tc of'bbe U!li~~,'1 Sta.tQ8:.

1t<\'teJ i.n some species of t,,~iie, d.nsj~pl~tea in this bill, Th", passa:ge of this Mil is not e~lIea fiw, h{}"''l.,'er~ It !TL~Fdy :mt!w.<izes: the ~w'il'(l of PI'oc""",ai';:c\:;st 1\ 1.''''('- nl.er;!y 'by ~~d)t"ts, by t!b.nt portion of th"" CQ1I11!YOlllitY sou not ~'} erIS'l.g'e.~ i<!tmf:!k. ,I~' he comes il1l'J)llUltat'ilY,. w!!o;~ s;ur:<ti{ll) I h.;\\'~ J\lS~ [~escT~1:!~{I.·li'l\ .. e IIl~el..c5t 0.1 the a,Lld assents, 01,' bemg served "·,U,, process, neglects to an- credltor eqm,.lly clel'l"~lIds J't. It. will e!l>l~)le hun to arrest I;wCI', trom which his assent is iI!f<:!,!,."I, he ;,' then, ""d. tl'lede~wl'ln dl.l!t~J:Cf:j' of wa"'t~lhl. ";\tr:l.I'~if"nC~, Or of 0".1" th",n. subject to the I?tovisi"",;,"ftl,,~ bal, '['Ii "",.0. is, wild"d"","tnr~,t<)wh,clL he i~le.npt"d b.ytl;e dllspm"f:e. then, Hi) !t1'O(lfi(!<)f;lialHI, ;0 rd"ti"" teo the I;'e,,,ho"kle.,," ofl e'Jnilil.ion of 1"," o:tf~·'r.,. i':~ped"Hv, it wil] be be"cneirLl, lylJ'ij'i".~a" <01' tile citl7.'OllS of' (1111' other SM..:;, of the Uniou, to dm <~gl'ic\*!!I':st" who, i> :.l credlt(i~';. wlj,~L ,. his S'biiction :I'h? do not b~1~()11:~ to' th ... >;e ~!9~'es \l'!1ieli IIJ:~ de.sigm.tc(1 \mdlCi' existing- bw", when be ~,~ the cr~,di!m' of .. n Itls~ln~B'" m Ine fl,rrt~~.;'!~()n oft~c bIll, sInce no qth~." ,,:till tie mad~ m~!'\)h"rLt I no~~ 1'1" I"(lC<llnl mw. po;t'lm,of til!:: cflec!st ~uhj .. ct to) its op~mtkm, ,vithom tiJeirownii",eC')I·'''''''t. . The ph .. lter. who phc"" the p .. &I;IO<'<<)f hi$ c..~Me in the , II'tl!;s hill';s Me jj"bk .'0 r1~y 'of til,,,,,~. ''''r.iGtLs ,o:bj~.~~ b~lId~ of ft I;,ctIJr, i" "Oil g:r'I1~I"II:y " p,'ef'~l·l'~d. "''(lc11tl)J'~ elm!;, u,,,, 'Ih~r<' !lOt. ",,",";.~Ic'."(\t'm~s whicll: fl)r",hly "pi'<3al He talU).s I.Iw {lbt!iib\ili,m o'ut ()f 'J'lc ,,,,ma;n .. , .. fto.!' ~\td. ('({tbe N~'I:ion~1 L",~i.sb.tu.re for thc cimctll1£lli: of S.ial. "" I Ci!'~.dito·t'S $billt h",\'~ b~c1) ;;;;tHk,l- Thm'<:lf()ru, ru the ~!p,i~' t,\v/, ! l\witl'. th." $'~fl'n.te. i.n their c!I'm;k1er,,;tion (if tilis . c!.ll1,l1m1 i'!t~l'¢s-..this bill win be cmi"i!.n~ly bew:,fillial; ~~ns,a~J~crc1; to, Ij)~k;. ~~C~, to th~ .e"~"I$ of tiJJ7 ](lSt tll"'Cnty 15t~3.d yf' h~~ng, f,$ h~s bee;11 sUl[gt;",~i1, illjuri.()[i~.iirit5 Y",l1S, \1:0 the ""~'&~ltu.d"st(} wlnGll comme"CJ;tl met) hn-v" '. OP""iltIQlh . . .' : .":,, ". . ~)""ll ~~,hj~"t.d d""j"j;.that perle:!.. So ["'I." fi'm'", cOJ! .. \d~.~-' In (;oncJ.'lI,Jing: the.,dIMty l'~m'U'lt". r wish~ topr6~"l: ll;gth,."" ,it mefi~"'·" "onl)c~tc<1 with!:h" il3J"~iClZ j)f pa, ,%o1ll..toUW! Z~'Ll""te tl'I,,, ;,\0;,,,. H·.it is hrdi~ve.dtbJ<l·t.h~ ~er s.'{~t(;:'l1" ~rHH(>Hh!ltc,u'S",.to·b"rc~ectcd, [w""M''''ge. time "'hi"o y~t N1'r-,ft;",· of'tlJO ~(} ... i,o:u., i~ Mt8\,ffic;(;[It-fo,c thc.I"lB.I')II~ ~~:"cts, oftlmt,'"ys~1!), Ie, it '~KlS bQcn ccma.\1Gt-' tll~,f\mp.le dis",,,:sslQI] o!'thig bill, we as}.;; th,yfni<Jh'~ ili,-

,"~I .. ,,"I~ t.'.'.U.'.'"~:ISI!".\g. ().ll:CO. tjf·· -tl:l.l ....• C. ''f'''.",p'. :g.:·j'm~]l{i~ .. or.!' ~"hi.CI.l. inr.l.i".·I. 1)OS;i~;?'11. Il'.'''.· y.oe, J.l .... ),.~.".[ ..• ~. 'O.fl.J'. a.s. ~l.,,,. ... lll._.'.~. '.,?U.Llhl6. l w ..... '.lt .•• ".'.,:1.1 t .. ih.c.iS. Vltl!t"is" \Vu.o :vQ~:ldb"cQI)l~·~bJeCl~.Ortlns 11I1l,.:,(}(!101. he lJebcl; s.m;1t~, d',$po}ll1tl.Q!!~;< :.<b.~!1 'I,*Llu(';J; "~,,m:Ll1t ltiSOp-

cnt,lbl t<l cl~!n;~n, pR;s.a.ge t,orn '~'!OU. \'\'II~' Jo ,.t~hi'\t S!l , !'Onelll;; !!{or It. a(hQ!',atcc., Imt shall p:i'c~ca1ut to file. pnb. tl1"~'Y B~" b ,,;>15;. Hn'''''1jhOllt t!,~. United. Shl;e,! h ililut . lie, ,,~ II '1l1Cstimlicft. opan I'Jr .l~i: . C011$;d~1"(iou of a ·f,,·,

O~·,,.~ :", ~lo" I·~<'llh~ins:)' O.liCY ofth;", <,~,.y. GOI'.C. ","~Ie. " .. t 1 :.".'.""'. 0(.' ~g!'C"S,.· ,"]1<1 .. ~ .•. dt! 'tip, .if.' t .. r.. e. m. _"'~ .. '.'." thnc, as· "' .. p ,eu). i.!., ~'I'jJe.lcl,e. C!~"I:1JC1' or 111" .. for;rl~r lk1.'l~k.. :<)r: the ·Utut.crl· HlS: rne!"S:""t~,on wluch tile Jtld~p1)ent .of tlll.e.l>eol'le C~'l

Stlttc£ c"'F,r€.(I, If the. qtf~tlOn 'of 'Po,,'er,jtl·r~.gu.rdto Ihe. b~ ,ldibe'l!tebl eE€.I'Gised, '. .... '. ' ..

~,?"tkmof bauk$,.hail. b~e~ thclltJm!S~d~'ed.a'li~ 8~MJe.t1 1IIr', RANDt)I,PH ""j<);\lcdj~j !ld.'pi:,i}()lloftwt) hO~.;$,·

affit'm~'in:lr, thD bMks ~f thecliJl~I'€llt' $tMt;1), "'(lien.: M.r. Jm;ll.li.i~"N th~m . .::ibM\ijfj1P'l01'e. Wa1i no. (luQ~il.m..

lm,"c.~,,<;~ u!.llmlm'.e(lus,wlta 1"n.J(<::r; ·wm!,ld·!l:ot.Tml'·c beon I.present; 'mon",\ nn adJ(J\ii'~.l!"mlt., ' .. ' .

~~"Ulhh"J:reJ; I:'<lt wh~" th" PQwo.r Qfthi) ncnilJf,~1 GOl'e'L"'- " Mtr. RA.L'I'DOLPH thell w!t~drGw lii~ ]JINion,

~I.m.t to <w,,,t~ '1. ~"uk ",.,.~ d"'ni~d; lJ.!r"th," ""fci9~U() "eno,":' NII'- CfU\. .... mLmt~7\d illeY co"1J:dd,,,tc:. w):ll19~~~~ ~. 11l"~clI'lFte.l". ami. II~ t~!~, 'hs<;nss;~":,, wh~d'}lo"il" pJ,i«:,e on ;. qB;Ontll.!. 'rl~(I,tgh .thc!' oouM, I!ot "oM· wIth{mt Oll"_

ttm~ OCea.~~{M, tEl.:: "Id"v,dlla[ Sl1lte~· Gsllc,j mto' eXlstellce TIle ma<tI.(:m to :~lJt)~~IIWru lj)~t.·. . .

thelr,I'~S,]l~ctiY¢ illS!itll~i{)Hfr' Whe"~~r~nlld5'.", change ·llr.HA'~~EJ'O~~ inl-e[llvtJ111'"nJ.:<)10I.r1l"",."Lg,,id::

'<)1 QjllnLOn, rook place, In tho.", who' no,,!), f!13t1:'.mHh., Go.' th[l,t,' lJ('Nii:t!,lstil;r.dl!lg:·th~ .1at",lltS!!<lf . th~ hout, he .Mt: l"'rn~~"'\t, "lid lhep'CIJi;)!tll'llnk. 01.' tIie U'lit:c'lSt<~CSWWl."hjtr.l9elfcill~'ll1pon""{)I'cl}eI·.lhe atml)'lts, mtid.e upo.n;the.\. p-shbJ <,;'!:Ioc!; k'!d1bGt.',,~rol1ly W~ll, fo, tkpr.~"i"k thc"lr!i-,! blt!) ,f!'i:id:i;.<;}'c-v,+t'c;t:;'Ol:ne urn;c <:,.rOI'ii !t,t,,· wl:.iO)ldhe;]:~i"!.;;":··· .:

;, . ~-.;

.. , ·t~

...•

;'.,.

=U1'esi'~lhat"<l"""lWtOl;eoU';mdihnOrl'lotev'mt",()shori rnpt"'_"u,'edo 110ft want this law. But there i~ OHe porut ill "e~ti,o., .. ~ of it. 1'1>-0: ge~tl'},n"" b::.s, llrotested agUl'l>1: ihe ,yl;ich we d,ffill: widely: 1 have w,itnessed 1i.~(L hit"," ~t:lt ~,e ptll,<ltl" grmIiBd-I<J C1'elUicrs1 .undt:r _this bill. to rru;h f'~'rm,?1'$ evils m~4er wblca th~ (cramm~(tl 'worl~ ,1& Slllil~!"~. lor and f) 1111lers .bllnje"'lpt : 'he has jlt'''oked ~be o.gncultl'lrnl in- . want of a bankirupt w~t<lm: the 1;'entl Ciii',,-!) .ha.; 1,I",d:her 1er";t to !'ii.lly·m.l~f(m~ of thei:r dellrest rlgbl'$, he nas . -seen nor fult them, The genUe~.fL~ .~sb why the !mnks cailc(l·npon them to l'tS.'$'t, ",even milo the dcatIJ,,'!i'>l'i'li,g (l.I'C l\Ot m~de b,mk!·\,)tg lUI,ter this bill, nnd s~y~ •. if W~- 11'!'(l,"'g" d Iutn-the COI.",L.' uft"~ Ul1ite(l Swte:$ a:gWMt 'willa~v~e j>;~}lstem to P_I'C"o:,t the ~I'aud" 'prmlt1~ed by the ti,e;,,' <;<Jri'blt,. and h,u';ng" their' c:Littlee Invad ... d hy the .banks, he w;J,l'l'ote fur l~ .. 1. hell, "'f,. ~ will have the gen.-dv·",itiliwry 1>;4?i18 of" h,,,,,,t {if (:omm~klllers 1111<1 other in· .t1';ffilIn's vote -ye1" ~t!<' tor tills "el'Y ~'II, too, If h"I)'\;;s are ;;t!'!l1neIiUl of this detestable system, ail.! has <;O!lClllded bj" dl:tenmlle.d to be fl-atldllio;llt, the cXl.tmg I"ws s:"e tll~m

~".dO\t'il1%· .: th"-t "',lie ~,j.lll".e.s;sl.' ~Y f?rc.e. Of.' <It.miS, ~l,! .S>UCh I fl~~ mean .. '. or eJ. ft: .. eot.'.hl.ll .. tlne... ',.obJect.. .'rlley ,:.a~~ gw". ". Ii.Cattempts upon his rl[h!$ a"ltt lrberties." No''', !~I', Pre- tltiol.13CTedit. to fi1"hnl& men, (,n.d then Il,!).w the whole

IiOOcnt, if Ib~~'{! ",M· ~;h"'wO'r-dof "II this '" the bj,lI~i.f i.t e~w.1$ til themselves, Th'~ 'bill is A~s'i.B'oed to pj·evpllt 1""Oposet!! to make the:. (l.ll;~icttltll!-j~I$ {If tlus 'COHjjtl), linhle! J}UJ/, a .. d to int:l'oduce perfect eq<lll!i'ty~, . As ~o m~kil1lr co a "J.mp,.hf1';;IfJ}~ie,",. I \wmk1 gwe 1.t lI.p at once. llut tile banks banlruj)!s.,_ 1 see 110 .ohJectt.:m ~ __ It, except l(,'~ m~ .'tS.~m'e 'tl!", ~ec!J.tl. oman ii'Om V.' j,l'ginl'a,. that, thOUgh '. where charters have been g:N-nlc,il. by i),.,e "(Jn1H~<li ~.t:':-O:-.'5 tbl~ b~l' should become ~ la.w tfrTMI'rO'W, he WIll be lIS 1 OJ: the SI:tlteJl, III these C>1.~3 t!l!/;I\' (j\,lties find li a l"litl~ free frell'll any possiMe molestation ill' his c..,,~.tle <IS he is lll'e prescribed by' the charter;. tmd It ;.., to' be. ~oore~ fila:!. '11011' f aud if.lIlY office~ c-reated by this !.1m sb"lll'<i:ittul''' the ~o'weign States •• 'Iff not sut-nut. to .:liIY 1l\~lon of (0 intrude tl~J()1I\ his doma'lII to' ~"kc 11;IIl a bankrupt,with- w'))nt they 'J:nf'Y cllnsid.er their ~i!!:ht to regulate theil' 9-W1,1

"u:t Jli8(tw"""Ct]u&l, he h"s my fi,.,·e COn3~!)t to (j.ve him "3. corprJr.R;tiOl:L~ if! their own way, .. : .'

w;u:m rcccptlo'~"-tl) receive ilim with that very gun "l'!he ~el"1Je.n:"u f~-om Vhginill, ill th(l co:utse pf his I~wnl.c,h, he wHsus., "dl~mbel'S eleven huck shot," ana to ma'rli6, ru "OIn-r;H1g' tile f..ct, thM ·tll" clause In Ih!" CO_ill~t\make. rum pay deM>lj' fur·h.is violation of the law and the tutjo,1'I relative to b.lmk.l"uptcy, w-as. intl"Q(itmcu_ by JWui (:o~J!tii.u:ll!on. Mr. President, IlO man blu "··!l;\Id.er·;s $1.10- Rutledge, (a$ chairman of a committee, to.Wl!idl It hud jed Wille ~Qinp.d50I·Y system 'ofbr1l1krupto)" provided by . heel) l'eferr"d,) took OOc(;,,;,;m to cxpressan 01>'1);011 th1+t this b·ill-;-:'md.ccd" till.! wboh "Yf;tertl is d~alS'l'eu only f?r ,it w~ d~;g'ile<1 by th~~t !,"l'eat '~,ln fot J.i~ O\':lleasc. Su", mercantile 'tTtCm.lI:f~ tll".ystem w~s Uitl$ ii.ii'llng'C(iln this JS alIQg-ei.he1' ,1. lHlst"ke; I do I~Qt belie~e Ul.at. MI'. (IIi! f~ouse some, '6",:, 0,' six. yenrs 1lgu" the ¥fClltl'i-ill.nl!, I R;_utl" .. t1gc·s circusnstenees \i'cr~, nt tlmt~lIl"', .~mn)"'1'll_;;s-ec', who fe~tl< U<:¢IIi.\>U' lIlOO!'es1i In tile <1!l"l"loult'I1J'Jsi s .of the It they were; c,m flll)' one Se1!'iOLl .. !y bdi.e~e I.~lat ,I.e could country, proposed, as (l p-:ri1Jikgt in Ihtm, that they SJlOlil\('l 'h~,e been ~'lfh!eOlce(Lby 511c.!. n mQti,-~ OJ, ",.tel. "" """"1# he suffer'cd to become bankrupts, should th... l't .any :don (J Or !I",t tb.-.:t tl1e cornmittee nnd the Cg;l!l,,,,,,l).lion 1i"Je Jesh", to do .0. U \!i':l8 .;:b.ime(l as " PJ'i"il"1i~' Mil would have enter",l ilIN) b~s views, or sanctioned tIle pro.dclll:mdecl @ th,e se '01"" of' jiutiee, anrl tile sy.!t'm of w· positlon, except on genel':iJ. principles ! 'rille tMJth, is, ]",,,laJ71 bm<i,rwp1.IJ-Y' w;,.; ttlli$ introduced. "{,i;,e last 3CC' sir, that John Hutledge occupied n positicn in IDS Dmti\:e tiOll of,this.o;l.I, which is an c:"act copy Ill' the cl."'I.i~c ,pro': S~e which lley'el'.i;)O\Ild. ha"~ made it. ll.ece~J' ./CiT posed "'i. the Senate :n H~2(), by the g,e.nt!.emnn Ii'QJill lu.,,. to seek relief frm", !,l:c1.!ma!)' embaTl"ll.$Slnellls. In Maille, gives fanners "'lid atM,'S not traders, the ,p.rji;leg.6 the .... orst condiotio'l\ Qfhisi'ol'tu"es, such was th", gra;ct!lde of b~ilJ.g made b""b";ots ou HIe IIp'pl;cati.oL1 of tl.leit ere- f.,.~ bis services, "'1-<1 the l'e",'''''':IC':! fi':w his character, .th~.t <lit<}~,p'·d w!:tltJh"~" r.wn consent. ]f"it isobjecled t!,at I!~ stood ill tlu~.mi~sl. ,,(his 1'hl!il\Ydtizel'~ as a father-surth~ w,,11l1. r<:jus"l (Of such (l_ p~'r~"n m !l.ti€-IlG after bemg r-()w~ded by ali<:<;tiOllatc and dutiful duldi'e1i. He nenot:6;:,cl. is by t."is elaese construed .into cossent, 11"I~n:J' ver needed !IIl,V protection bevond that which Wl':ll fl)lm.d ,,",.~ will 11:&'~e no objectiol) to- ''Bqu'lre the COliseotto be as ill tlle~r !;'T"-litlldc mod "'fr~ctio!;" S';_-., l11uvc dc(;~illcd the forrmd. (.s any ge)lIlletIDfi may choose to nmke .it; nllV, it g·en(l.te ,<)0 101'11{ , tmust le"",, the oltllel' oiJlK:tvatimls ofthe it shall be, if they.. pkase.'._J'y MeQ., <hnly signed; seeJ.ed, I ~e""tm- fi~1n ~'if.gilli" w',t';"m:t "COHl.I1l,:nt, n:'etl'dy i'eml'J:k· i)tW(;i1, ani! .rewrtl·ed, 11,,, conseI.t .of thc foml!lcl', IlIlgth.",tth,sbilllS.nottl"""irned (~S be lmflglneS) to "pl'1J" 1'1-":Ii.~I'. _()~ m.ee1.'UI.~k. i$ .il)lend",l to b·e. the :!bund:.tioJl of mote -Ih;ud5," bllt to, p'r.~,"(mt. them .. not ... to .gwe pI'il';' the who:!,,, proceedJIl1l"; lItld.l .. epellt, tJ.l~ .pro,!,is\?!1! i~n? t legt.-s to- ~h(l banks," hut l.i)p~! i/!em 0>1 em e{fMal~y.wi.ll~ \v_1lOlte<l b_Y the tmdom. We. do (lot desl;'c It, om ·WJIl.l .qUit:/" IJj'Briltor3; IlQt to extend ,·th~ 'P[tP~I,.sy:;t4W/" b.tlt tQ "Y'",lt\ to 't.C~n fatl'l'le:rs 'or planters, .ibel'efor·e, he OlIO· lirnit (ind t(!f;tro:i'n it i tturt tIl!: <.lefrl'()·ffiit ·pt.oPO$e:",,tG,:re-· tested by ille;r c"iUlillJlS un~ier ~li.L< h;1I1 "<Jt at Ltll. ~:re lie~'·e ,o:rC the ""'>fi"'t-nnate, "IO~ "the fr(\"d •. lle;it,;,:"tI~atitB th~ to :be m:<debw:b"Upts. ".gaillsl the;!' COU$el.t! No· views ~rc not cQuflned·tJ;> .tl:ebttll'!;, ,but tli_a~.,it\~odk.-,; stl!'37 'such thmg-, ·.But ih11er w;"h·1t,ifdl(jy oall:. it, then they (1\1" to·eee",,.in,o:r the .iusto'iglt.l., (ifGi·~diLCl'.t;":i;nJ;h.I[)!'t,~tltal;

m;lY,cby.tli .. ' "'''''t.ll''.COil.selil. of.fred;,~of$ "'.' hich. is.reQUir.ed ;.'1 ! ids tl. leg.r<:~t obje~t Q·f the 1.>. j]j;C.'.f~tl~out.in. tC)f(!ri.ng .. \~ith Ql.iler c=:~, ·obllllOl ttl., bene!lt:' 0:1 .tile h[IJlkI'UI>t !l;)'S>tCl\I. ~!'Y of U,C. ~'g'uts Qf- the St;,:tfS, so to.e. .. el"i,·tJleo()O!1&tltU·

, The 1fC'.ndernancii-Jm V'irgJl1IlI teJils IlS th,1;t this bili 0)"', tionltl powers of COlll!Tb9S 011 this~Hb.ject, WI. to"pl'l-:vcnl g!'~~~ WIth the mWlm\:41 ;th ... titis intml(i·ed_ toimlstel' ft'tluds, ~CUl'e .Justice, e~!a!blL~lt(:l',;<litj :i.!-Id':~S&i··lJ;,9.,P()~" ~p. ehe [,ap"" 8?{8Ien., and .to, gi1'e .privil",g'es to We bWl,h, ! sible, to put the: colll.lfll~rce ;1n,\ th" ;CQmm~~ci<llo;;ooltt-aci'S S".,. he IS wboily· ll:U$bklm IU "very Il,j'bcubl': ,tt"sl>ili ·of th.c:: COU'ltrj" '0'1 .o.in·1'I1 e,ncl .sol.,d ·]"".1', .. .-\ml llOW, ~~: !lot be~i\ p~ellll"',:_d by ~Ell'cl"mts.,. ~Ol" i_~ it llrought I t.EI", Pre$.iil.en;t, !un'i!!iS" said ;thl!s,m!~lCh, teed myself CO'~l~. 11:l1 ",,,,,d hy.h."m. I'm' my ,o'W1).P-~"t, ·.t .,,, l'l:ly gO<l<'1 OJ' .tH 5tr;!.metl tQ .ytekl to tile' k!\Q:,m ¥,Is.hes:-of the Sent.le UI fO'r!clII~ to l~av'n.'l.o tOllce.Ml'What~er in !". el'canlile t1'llns-1 COil.!elltillg,tllllt .t .. he fu.rihc; ooT!sid<;I,,",J~ion (,f this q.;ll~sj;ioll ~ct~clil~. ~ do ~ot ~!l It ~nt_. of, stack m any b~nk, nor sh.nil be. pOs-tp.ol1ed -'to .. tbe llU.'\.t ·~~:t\OJl. '~T1 c'QmplrnllC'~

. h .... ,~'~ .. I a. fatill'l,. b-J"(I-,~,e1"" .. IJiI." T.e!,,~on. C.'ill)c:._ erne!! In. trndc'l "."tI. ~ my en.lrn ... est.. I"equ. es." t.he 5<;1.:;:1. te. c.""se ... l!ltc(i. to lake "1'." ~lke the ge.nl.lllllJllDl.hoooO]· Virgrm>l;' I .. am,: lIt1Cll1ave beet) '.hi~ bill at a period· of.' ·tlle 8'''--''~i\1!lwh''!l there ,VM but

10.-se ~'all'eal's, "plrmler a'>l~ d·.liz,.~ }wld~.· l' am em' . little iJupe uf it!; b''''ng:-fh",ny· OJ pflSe .• l'lf, 1m :l. pledge Oil Io~*ed "" tl .• " game OOttoll"t WIth- tb,eg€)ltlcmml, "-1i·d will' nJV port tln,t [·.wmililco·nil<lllt:to j'IY it on 'tile table the 1110- stio;:k ~o.tlle ~Iip a.q lOllgllS 3lily.mn.n. Sit';t\i.e:),e is II"Tl(itiler wunt it ,,-~di$co\'eiecl tl:J",t iw discmSion 'Wf.)uld o~cul~Y _!Jo,nt 1:11 :r1u",,11 I resembl!"tbat· glltl'lle.mal1: like -him,: 1 'more time t:hml. th~ Se\'latee:llo 11m. aitiWtl to bestow 1!\pW~ l!l\lI('· ".Ji~O'ftl'ecl. I:ll_e plukls;p"er's.~im.e,,,-; .. l~ich,· he ~. ,it" :Tbi" pl~dg-e/lfi:nd:l1Iysclf c,llkd upon to r~deel~l, . A s\1~S .U~, C(;>ln_s~.t~ ·'m 1l.!':'I'er dcaill'g ()11·t;,\'edIt"-·"·iil·."'eeldlRs.·c1apsc(l-~;nco th~ bill w,," tillkeii lip, allli we p'.lyU'g'. fl)r YOUR ""lie bl<!:ol'e )'olld"IlK it," Neitln'.,.-fr.e: I"we "ot-g<>t beyo1ld the liI,,1: ~e cll01l without h:t.ing: t;;k.<lll. 1l"e~ti·em";; Jl<)l' rny;;dlf, ·th"~"fo·ee., G"n eV~r b.~~OlJ'J'" b:>: .. Mo~· 1Ii'l'i\1'ig"w, "vGte'o:d IIlly··aHts In'i"cirl~", or· one 'ofj~ pl'mi-

.. ~

683

tleroan from Virg1inh tllld ffAllen. , l'Ie 11:1(1 intended ,to" tj)·iiaytbat he .. eonsicietS· th'ld,lU ·a~ '4' test by\\itlicll ,YO\l :reply at h1'l5e; (:J._~ it W~oS ltwrigllt, ani! pcrlmpa.l!'tli dt\ty may·di~tiilgui:sIHl.e 'di3<;,iph~lof Wtishin!l'i.oll f:ron;l these of to -do .• ) t,; the al'g\l1!l'cll.l$- of. ~~t.genUe.III"u, bill.he the J ~j}'eI'''Oil ~cllO,,1 'n'pol,;tics-.g'r,oll".,. is IIWt a political. ()-(f~t.I ~lot M~" WIl&e,r.t. to d~w!! the. S.enntf!, ,"",] h",: q~uL!1ltI <;i ,dl,. th,~ I!:0wC!" - t~ be--e':eN;;$cd is lifl:jN'easly rclmqllLsbed tll" ,leslgn, the moee wtllh!!gly,· because gt'll'en" and IS 1l0t'~lMI:dent~uitrench:Clcs' in nQr<)$v~ct en toefl!,!e argmne!l'~ 'lif his fdem1from Geo:rg"ii (.M~. B~"- tbe': powers reserved to. tl'te States,' and it hns nothi!lg' to l'~'Illi) .ilIad, ina ~ .. t ,!"eilsl~re, S\ip'm;'f!;~ed the neoresosity ?" . do with Ihe. p:ar[y q_u<lStions whic!l have 11i."'clerl the Jjlsclomg ~O. r promise, therefore, ~d Mr. H. to detain i people of this'country, [. Willi nor old 'enough tIl.kliow .1the Senate IQr f;,[t a few moments longer. _ :1ny tibil'lg otithe t~rinciple-~,df. '",hat·i~"alled "tho; WtlSb.-

~Iflllst fJ~in, ~[r. Preil;<l"HtiH>YI?"~~g my ":o:k.n~w. iilglOl'lsel;o<o!,"wllite tl .... t lP':at rna" WO'lS at the I\e~ ·of lec!!r".''''ts to-th,: gen~l"m~n jiof!, ~Irgmu. fiw til" ,'ery a:1f;;:U'9. ~;ien ,tlle~ pl'l.fJc,ll"les; however, (as claimed £&tter.ng teWI1~ Hl WlHCh he 11a~ been phruoed tospeak (If IIlla 'practised by hIS SlIOcecSOOr,) were $\ibrrliUed to !l~y my exertions 'O'n! th:i~ occasien, Oppressed by the weight chQice, .conltfi.>ted with those olaimed by to,e f()]lowers of ():f the subjeet, 511(1 de.eply consclous of my de.ficiencies" I Tlwmas' Jeffersoll, .!. ernbraced the latter W!tJ,IOU.t hesitilwill ~¢,!(,.,,"w[,edge t.hm ~ have received SOI1U:e conso!t\tiOll tion-hemune,,, "ellioll" tluiu~l) 1~'it .. Me d'ose'p,loof th~ ti."om theussurance, COlnLlI[r both from my \lpp:oMcfi~amt Jelferson school, and, bave ",?""nt::w.edIllY· po1.l!1(;U t~re"di my sopperters, tL,.t r h,,'·e IIDt nltog-ether fuj~ed Il'i1 f.,l- to the preseat hour. :tiilt, sir, e. bankrupt L<l.w-' ... m~e . fil~il1og: the. 11.l-dtlO"S (lut~<;$ impos~d "n me try lille com- ,'eg~[aticm ~f l}w wmmtrCi:.al c¥mtrPl:t. W ~II!J !'lJm:Jr,¥-Ilit$ m;.tt,:""': fl,·. r have llstened t~ the . .g<!ntlel~l"!1 fi"OID l1vtn''"'ii w'kJl\~9'er to.do wJih party J'I'UIClpl<:<; It HM 1)0. VIf_gm,a Wltn the gt'cnte.~t !,ttelltlon.ofl<;1l del,g;lJ.w.d by tbmg to do with pIlhhc men nor POILtlc·!lme:os'U.l"es.

h~s eloquence, but not coevinced by his argument. ~ The whole question, ~lr, l':r;;sident, i.. ptl'£'"clly simpl~; wiLl \l,dfllh th:lt n~rr,05itiO!J$ have been "ppw't'lfullyas- and may be conli'1cd In! a D"t-~ell. TIi¢ 8th sec. Ist ,iil'f. sflilecl, but they hIlI'" certai"I,"lD'1 been ~!)"k<:".; <lnil,; of'tli<1- '()O'!1~tituriOIl declnres that "Col1h'i",",oS shall have supported as they nrc. by the gentlern["~ from Geo"g;ill, power to .,.l:iib~ish unilcrm laws on til", subject of b~llk· I If.ar n'OI\' cOl,slder them as ilI)J1I'egnable. . The gentl". ruptcies throughout the (! nited ;!jI.'lW$." The power of nlanfl'<ll1l Vil'_ghll;\ hM"rlo!le mcthe. hO'IOO!' of :c,()n~id71illg ,.p.(O$Sing.\.l"js:e ~'llilefficiellt laws '011 tiM subject, hIlS bll-ill me ~,tl::e ,(ali!"tJ· 01 this s« SI1", I l:Ja;,-e ~o just da]m to 1t<lkclI~"q!y lh)Jntb.e States .. So the. S1;]pl'''l~e CO~lrt of th~t hIgh d~t:/f1ct,,:m, III n'llol'llllg thls bill, I :'1111 merely the Ulalwl States J)~,'-e t;qJ'"I!Ml.y a=.'4JJ_1.. 1 he .1""'$ (}! the organ of!'!. most respectable committee, ~()mpO}_"eil of L(",i..'lbna, OIl Qht~ 9uhjeQI, h~v'e been suspended, .a·nl'l gentlemen uf talents and. cxpcricnee flu' g, .. ,.uCI· tll:lll those of r<;:w York and oth£l' StaleS annulled, From m·;il~. 1,1<) !lot S,1Y til"S to ",oi.ci ;'f1" j"l."Sj)O''dJiiJl"l.'ty which these causes the whole commercial community !10\V are sllf· m:<y'"csC on thuse who have jll'Op01led tb,s m"a.~m"C. 1 am :.lel'lllg inealculuble evilS, .mel, the question simply is, ~!!;oll neverdisposed, Sil', to shrink from l'csp'on~ib;n,y. and (!'I' CQ!lg're~s exert theirpower to remelly these evds ? ' The this eccasinn am pfep~\",d, to t"k~ my-fl,lli r;J~,\v-c, of it, power "",hleil tile Stutes fO'I'oHaly 1"'''~!iSe-d Mod exerted :ant I nm 'Ulw:illifl!g th:tttite 1l1e:1slU'e$)lnuhl be prejudiced has been expressly t"k~n awny lh"l) thern:!,l,(l gtv,w to b~1 its Le\'Ig" SU;llltl!;ed to !",n: proceeded from C>1,lC :of 00 you. It is hot ill :,'ou.r power- to restore it, ami vou are lillIe e:..:pe~;e"ce lIS ~pdf; and IUlvi,r,.g such small cL}i!!'~ cslled upo» to ~~y whe(tilcl', by I-e:fHSI'~l!', 10, ~lef, you; Will on tile cOII.n,cl"nce ot Ih e public, make til{llse "'-"5 perp(lttl!ll, the 'll'l".B'mtliue of whleh I

Th .. [<:enll,cjmlll ,from. Vif!~';ni" has toM us that h~ eon- have llll'eady displayed. Sir:" lain), view of lLi<'! ",~l>je()l" s1dCl's the political principle involved ;11, this. hill :15 so C0111- the St;.,tes have II rigbt to dcl)'J,"~d Qr-YOll the ,,;;<:I'(:,"C Q'! pletely heretical, tbt th{l~e who H'~<: f(l'!' it will, by that th;$ power, and the ~.hole eomumnity, nOW "Hil'~I~"Jj' <'er}" 'act, !\(\,,, s·e~mmt<·dUlerif,scln)$ fi'OJ!1 biro <., D'~'_ ,. from yOl\l~.",egk'ct ()f d~L~)'. h",,,!> " ·,;gHt to ini:.st om yell!" ""n!f, !Jj'0, .. {1, deep, ~lld ;llll'",so-mbk." Si::', it is ,,')t tQr !'!.,ffi>l'<ling'iliemrelrief. Sr.', IsuspectLh:.l.tthetl'tledilr'r-e·ne,; ~le to dictate to tb"t g~r.tt"l'il""~.,. dt'hc,· a:> t:, tile [,lin.:;" I bel\Ve711th,egct,d'':Jl'Ial' of "'i'il"giJ'li~Rncl mY!l~I1! consists in ples he .li,111 SU!'pO,.'I, flI' tile jWhtfCP.l ~~'OC!lJ.tlOllS h" slt:lll . our d.iffel'l:mt feellli~ wwmvs tins Co,">.M'~il()ll, ] [em' form. I kn<)w that Clil sueh s.ubi·cc1s liJe alw"Y$ tll,nks3,ml tbegentleH1:llI .do~s not <!l:.t'll·tai!1 to)' thi,; in:;tl"lH'IlC'111 t:,,, nelld.),· himself. But, f,"I' my O\i"I) P''Il-t, a will deo.;lnr~ thM . l'OVIO:l'cn,ce tflllt I do. Tile g~,-,llel'H\l' c<lll&i.ier's tl:"t I know no rule ofrigM but tile C()lwic/.i(fll$ ()j 'flY l)lJ:fI! 'Il-It- tile C'm>!iitHtiQ'~! il"ldf!.,.ench~. OJ, S("tCt :righl',. 11,,1, S-i:r, derstou}i1lg, :<tf,d the w,biaslJea ilielnl.es qf it~~l CrW'I l.mi"t. i WR. Im:mghl up to 1'''''''';:,* it ",0; tlu· ihig'h~¥t eiIQl't {If 1m· To Wil:llever: road til""" rOUL\' po;,\t, ·t!ru,\x'" \YOU ] tr'l1'~1 ''l1~'\ \\",;<10111. , :r;,),l" sball j h" deterl'ed fi"<lm_f,;ll-""-;,,S' tl,.,Sf: fltitllfLll g'l"id~s I 1 am llQt <)"'" .of tho~e'. Ml', Pl-es'detlt, whQ br:lievc tlmt by ,my cO"'"Cj"cnces W!l~tsOC"~l', Sir'.'"", !his suhje'~t the rights of the SllIt\>s ,,',ere ~~\<;"J~ficed by the "OOPI;{)Jl j)el'I'llut me to S<lV to the ll,-cutlcmrm f;'om 'I" ;rgilli3. thftt 1 of this C,msl'tllticm. JlOJ' fuRl !11~ ~:i:n'ci8" uf Ih. pOWel"S .sh"ll ,,',,',;\;;:5 be Imp!')" in IilV jO!lrney th:·ough lift: to meet <:'\';II!·~ssly delcg;\,~d, j'l pro!!!"," CUW-', c.,\!) he il:i\l}"iou,; t<l wilh ,.nth ><C(jntpmlio'!~" hh(,~II; "",I to,) l1'I"d with bimas ih., "gllts "11<1 i!lt"""<,-~Is <lj' the St~le~. Tlli;. ,.~ry dnuse t~H'S possible, C<ltltl(knt tlt3l ",hlic in bill <':OIBP'U'Y I $h~ll , ,·"Int"·'!! to klll!:n.ptcr. r bdicyc to be 1'1 WiSe "I'on~w", bee"lh',,"e~ br h\~ wit, 'i,~Ij"lCt"d hy his l;'ftOwleoge,:md,' .. n.1l .. Is" beli,c"" th'Lt tile OGCIOS,On exist!! Ii))' its liCHCH· ino~t of "ii, tlml 1. .hall 1>,1\''' ,~ (>(~Jnl)ailkm "'ho will nel"et' ei,~l ":,{~I'C.i5C. "rh", g-l>Ml<!!11~1! l'l'OllTI Virgii:lia, T'''III\[Jp.'' deS~tt me amidst the (u tlgel"$. of til, way; hut wilen we dilrel" ti'om IIle i,1l "Ii this,- ,,,,,d i\dth~1-' of tiS, i 1;1)<>11", wi!l (':0)1!I1:! to tlmt fnrl; ill- fh~ ;Y;;/i,{, (which he tile r;ilim' dllr rickl bi~ OpilliQI1 to() the other. The g',elllkmllc':l {I"OI1l·vird~sc,';I:>~d,) ift!!c r1gl:!t b~.Ili\ p:l.thsll()ui(lle;ldto 'that gen. giiiiJJ. hl[ls ti.lhlll in!O "elY g:l'eatmistak!l'> ,"9 'tQ the pIXJ"i~ tlc:rrum's honse, ~,nd (l'!e left tQ 1111/ hr}.me., m,d if my <lu\.i.e$ SiQ,'lS of tl~,i" !J'Il~mist"I:.." ; "io, w11,ieh he never r;(,l'iM ~m!1 me tIJ~rc, and Ihe scnll"m~n "'in I~O:,_ C.()~ISC,.,t I~ If" li;~'I'<l :iill,lel1, if be 1I~1I1 _,111y CIl'1l,enteo.i t(F!,wd_it •. H~ tclJs 'WIth m~, thel'" we la:mst ptll-t-llJi0l>~ 1t Will be '1\ p",.ce- yon Ih~,t he h;!$ lo()k~d f<t but Iwo' ~ct'O'\S·1Jl ,IllS ~"hole: b'1.lt I rep",,! f}jcre we 111USi pad, th'()l;Jgh it shOll',) he to ' bin of "sc.-cnty-e;g:ilt j)iIg'l'!.$ 'llid )ljnety·fbrce ~ec!)ol1.,,, llIee;t 1m lDore in mn' wCllry pilgrjmag" till'(}lJgh Jilh: [l!l\d even til:ee<e il[! has cll'rtailli)' 1;01 l'l1ooe hlm~df ,,:c-

'rh" gelltl<)ll;ar.1 hoo told us],)e i~ 0l>posed l 'llWillciple to quainted ,Vilh, fOl' l shll.i1 shew tlm!. be h~~ a1tog',"JlCI'1I1lS,,:ba.l.kl"tll't law-to the nrtidc in the Con!;tilutiol1 which titKelll ihe meall;'ig. Sil', wl'lbQ"t 1'00\tmg m~' J~rl[!.'I'H!Dlt g;\'es, pu,we, to COl1t!'tC-llS to I)~'SS ol1e-aulll W aU the pnJi.- illllXlmpa.·isotl with that of the 8""ntTerrmJl of Vll'g-IIlia, per cipi~s ""d !,J'{",ision~in Ihis bill. He S'<,cms to cOllsider ~hc l b8pS it nl;:;Y I'ot J.;e considered PI"c"lIll\ptl!o~l~ in me, to w~ole. -q'.'~$lion. ns ('.Ij{,Ii:iic;.d (:,,~. il)><>I~,jn!g 1.!11;: 'di8Jl. uted , SIl. PP!l,Si'. tll.a t I. I~ay possibly be. bette I' Mq\"~lnted _w,tt. pOUllS ",bioI! iI,'IV<: lln~e!\ "11.!J "r tile q~,,).sh(ln~ot St:1.te sQve·· Qlus 1;1,11, O\'er winch I h!J.V'e p<)~ :fat dnys '3ml weeks" by rci,g-llty :md con,strucih-e POI}"{"-l:o: lli'\Y, h~ Soes so fiu" (0.$, :ni!l'ht imd by (lay. than ,tbe gentl-emnn of Vil'ginia, ,~l."

-' '

--- - . ., ... ,---

<S!OltS, . TIle few {L'tys tb:!!t rem.'lin-of. th~ session, -~~ ~xcJu~ 1- l'VBLL,i- se:vei""Uy-w,!)ke j!l~pJy. ~lIg"ID.at tJ!Je olnce!1l; ~~(;Iy de\'~te(l to tl~e stll):le~ti "".o~lld'-[ll'ot."I.MY net beswo empl()~ed at Nolfolk:, .-were-absolurely necessary for,the !Je,ent to,d,s;P?se ot the b;ll eve.Jl' III tI!e S'ruw.t:, •. 3.lld lhe:J:e I co.l!cctIon and! 'pl"O~e"ti"'n-oftlle.1"<.'VCIl.;tC,! ths1, t~e _elilo!. 'Ii I~O' 1'0. pe wl,lak~e:l" of JI.$ 1,>"" .. _ ng t:>k.-c,., .~p }.I.'_ tl1:C- 0_ tl:i~ I ';lDeDts of the Q~~ectGr .0Il'09.".' _,,_from hiS :,oommlS?H'i;! _and Hou.~, III eernpllanee, the"efo:l"e, With til,e wl~h~$ i)f the fees or office, wlllch came from ·tbe po-chm of Im!Jjy,,11.l. !"rl«~ ze:"I"Ij~ fHe",:!",.ohlle ;neusure .in both ~!otl""'9,antll ~s, an1not olIf oflli.(lp\lbl~e'T~jy. and thatt~lI-" .iilre.·in ,mecile-m'c to,th'" mstn:-c~~ms of-t_heCQr!!11'llltee,.l's~:J,1l1 n:?~ offi-cCl'S werep3ld by:l)lm out fA .those ellllli.umcuts. "!'l0,e rhnt th~ bill:~e now laid on tbeInble,. In yn~ldrng I It these {l1fi1Jer:;weoo'tedue~; 8IDUggl.mjr would mcrease 1.0 th,'" ~1e.<::eoslt. y ~1_lldl fox.'.oos us t~(} 8~alld'()lli ttl" ·Il~pes, of'l to a~,ellormo,", .. extent" 3!1cl:)t was an ~C1! qfee<;ll'. OtDy to obb-JllIIlg a bankrupt Ill'll at thIS nme, we col'ludently :cw,n, them. Mr. 1~AZBW EJ!.L ,,,Rowed !he <!fgtmllfllt tnlst aroil. believe tl,at tlH~ ,~~lbj"'~t wiU come .up "tan i Q~ th" .!.."ntlem~n fi,?m.MissojJri'tQ b. e f:* when It was ~~I'Jy il,ermil_ "itbe Imx.t ~eSSIO", under the most t","ot(lhle I utl'ec'led to (my partlcll-Iar._,oose 'Or ,c·llke In !!"e~QlI"trf. a\lllpie<:~_ with .. bill "h'eady prepared, ami to which 1~'t05ho!v.-Wl:!I),t·patronall'e the. GoNerll1l:lleJltp~ in ille attention of Congress and the li"U<)I! wiU .n:tye been th~t pmicul:uip'Ja-ce, (.rw!!.;.t,pll~ was 1l.IIIJci;e.! to culled; it i s Io b d,op"d ~b"t tile memb ers ,,:i~ come here 1 tJ.IJl:f p~;CI~I' office. ' ~lIt, dif(lc_terJ to du: subject of comprepared to act upon )t promptly and del:lSlvdy_ 'Thel pel"a't\OIl; It was net foll' to Gn-y-tlll!f·tbe (>ffi;oe~ who \'I'e~e ,u¥umeut~ fOj' ,.n<l "1I?'iilSt,thiS m~~B"re,wi~l go to tlil.CPCO', ro:,lly necessary £0.'.' the c.oll""'i:Ci.'!n of tile I"evell1!leat NO'i'" pIe, and an opportumty ,,.,11 be !l.1l<'ll'Je~ fl)r the clear and. rolk, '~i:umld not he compensated as they deserved, '~Ieqi.!h'oc'-I. ~~p]\(\j1;;i('11 o! _public Op-iIlioll. The}k;prl:-' Mr. LLOYDthen Ill'J'V&\ ;:i:n lluL,mdnl<'lllitl:o d", amend" '5cntllllye.' w.lI~;;setnhlc', tmn!."'-ng' With them the tee-lings I mat.,of }fr, Hi£LL, ~pOSlllgto allow the Deputy Col-and wishes of their If:(lBlstitll(iilts; and ~!O'Idd lI!,blit; up;,.,! Iector of the !port of B(I$tQn - "nd Cl~lll;rle"IOw!l, --- 11im~ {Jf;m~U(fJIlht 'IIM~lr~, '~Ilothe:l' .~I'\~m ".9'.11,00);r not ~1o,1I= !?:cr anuum .. ~_'" U. ,,,,,,1 '~j~ waS <Hle ,ohh" mQ.~t e!~pse Wl,t!!!,}i,it our wllllessHig tile OP'~I'lltWlt of a uniform _ r~p"Il.,.blc nnd ,":1>0,.,00.6 ol1ices m the C<!>III1l11-; some:systenll of b""kJ"'r'~cy throughout ,rhe United Smtes.i times fifty P'<;>lons "'eJ'e PFessmll' on him at '" tillloi-he

,lITr._ '_h .:n c<",o;;h.,le<l. by L~-'o~'!ng: tllu.t the bill he 110':" llJ;~d.'· the c!Ja:rge.~04' [<I! ~he. ",,:"l~ _lidil)g' tlmlug-h. the C.'!l->t<lifl h,d IIp<>11 the tibbie- i .... hich 111011011 was agreed to UII>lm.! Hou.~e, runoul'mng' to five miJihm'18 fl..yeru-; rulli. the highest

mously. .. i eulogy !i!l- could pass Ort tIlat gentlelliWl would ,l.>¢ to st;tt"

And the Senate then adJOiJ.1"llOO, ! that, durmg'toM bst twenty-t,,·o months, '''''',ilg wlll'clt

_. ~ '_ I tiffte te,l md!imls of tile pllbJ.j.c -WOney ~lad p;i's.;ed through

I'n Il;H ~h T 5 1.s:26. I bi;; !land", ~)ot - o~e. ce,:,t blldbee~ 1!:M,Gwing to, his, vlg;i-

" '. lance -"I:l(l mteg-rlty. Mr .. _ L, -SlUt! hiS Ch~.1.'ll-Ctel_ W'otl!d

The Scnalei'oo·Jk Ill? tile bIll OI.!)1!)l~!il.el1t:ll'}:, to, " All act WS~ ,s~perillr. wlt.en- compared 'wiili Ulfl,t of ""1 (}ffi_cer i!f'

ilirtber io estahlish the compensanon of ~,ffic'eri> of the I a $"miliw 5t4>UOn loll the countl'y.. . -

customs, and to alter certain eotlectien distric~s, and for' . M!'. l>L-\CON· moved to lay the bill on til'" '!;;,!}le, lVhcn other P\Il.'Po.<:,~,'" ['!lois,liUl. allows, in lieu or the com-I the- eountry was i,l a: ~t!lt.e of disl~ ,I'i';,etl. ·it 1I'1l~ mis:;l.m,s allowed b): I;,w, lQ. the C.,lIe,ctor of the D~U'iet ",~ry probaMf; would be incteM«I, it w~s n~)t the time 'tv of JhHamm.:, ol!e,loll1-1:l< of one peer cent 'i to the Col· 'mIse· the m;\rleS of these officers. The monon wasIcst-« lcctoi' of NO-i.1<:>lk and I>mtsmolJth, ftWI) !Ie" cent,;, of S.a. and then,

vannab, one arlit" half; of MiddletoWIJ, tWI) :\JIll! a half, On motion of l.fJ'. LLOYD, the hil1 was re..omnrnltt¢d <On all moneys by them received o'n account of dueiesand to tIle Committee on Ffnanoe, tpg'et:li;(tl" with the preposed tonn.!t.P,:e of vessels ; $ 5ilO ~alM:V to th~_ Nand ,officers,and :illlerrdmeJ1~. atkr.Mr. BR.ANCH had: ~Oig-g¢~'!ed to the Stlrveyotsoflhe D!stficl$of }>oi'lsmouth,Nod'"lk <llld Vm'!s-jl'ttenlioll of the Committee tbe p'll!Jprletyi:>f st"'kil'.§: 0\11 ~I\ou.(h; ,.mld ~"\'. """.ah,, in :"'Jdit.,O. n to .• their eJjj'O!UIil-CI)!S'j th.' 'e. thil-dse()t;<J~,,:,rhieh "~Oli?bes .. _ tb", Salmy. of t.be (;0[· but II. 101m Q! "ny salaries ~1O'" ji]Jow"d oy 19.1'1_ rhe gll~' 1",,10[' Of-tll'" Jl!~tl'lct of WIIUl!ngtun_

'lry ~j[o",,,-d th,,; CoIlc<:tor of Wilmiligton IS ~bo,li8hed_i '1~1-C' Selllllte ~lleu p:roceetled to consider the mewogc ,..~d a Slll"l'ey()l' i:~ to I~e appoint?,) for the _pistrlct of Bath. 1~l)1II tile H?~~e, requesting a cenfereeceoutne d]Sl\gt'cewnli (I. sain,ry 01 $1!a0, III MkhtJoll to his other emolu- [ mg ~-Qtc s ct- th,., two ri.ousesr ontb,,, "m.cl.ldm'""ll.l<l'O. 1',:",:,,1 l'lIellts.] .. 'J by tlJ~ SeIl\lte tQ the bill "rl.tr~h,,~ to· «sten,llhe J .. d.lCm.1

A-h', S~1!TH ex_rbinc<l th~ diff<i1tellt iuoms in the bill. Sy:stem of the Unite,l States." -

M~'. BeLL tt,ell moved to i"cl'Cnse th·e em()l"nlelit!; And, <;m Incrlioll of llr'. lVltITE. it Wl\S laid onU)",

of the COU<lClnl' of Ill .. District ".I' S:llell" ~n,1 _Be\'Clr~y i tahl~. • _ _ ,

{(::e"e~"l ~iller) to one pet c~n,t, _ I The Senate t:telll·c""'J.med. the <C,01.lSllleratiolJ o)~Ui_e b}U

rbe motion w:t~ supported by 11e-ssi's. BELl., WOOI~-I to l;-m.llt a cel'ulln quantlty of l<i!,'(t to the .stnte of llhm>.l1, ilUJl:Y. amlI1.~!ml50N. ~lltrl opposc<:t.hy ~leS51'5. n~-I tbl' the !:'urpose of ai.,lill.!!, in, <>"':J:!~ "- C~Ylal to eOlll'lc<:t L-t'l[ '11ld HEN ION, on tll~ lri,t,ul\t1 of tlJ.~ compensatlOll Ble waters·of I.h~ Illll!oi>i Rm",' witlJ those of L~ke '\10-

L>eiuJ( .~Il'!;:td~' snAih;ieoT, . clilgal). .

M~·. IlENTON .!<.id, there W,\S one propositiml i" this )11' .. EX 1£ $<Hl'pmt'l':l the bill (It S<Jl'Re l~ngt'h, el'):'

hill ,yhJch astonisned him-tl,e ])ro'P0~ed il~cr~nse of me p]alJl.ing- the Pt~""lIt.itoatl"" of the OItnai j the va]lIe il "illo!\I"lel1ts-oi' the Co,lIector <l't N01'folk, ;~'II<l l'¢"emle \YQQld be 10 tbe ;"bt~, to· tile p'llblic d.omain in tll'~t q\!~I" ~ni;;iJ1f frem the Port 01" Nm~rolk to the U[lit~d S't~tes t·cr, ~c. S<~,

w&S ~ 60,000; (Llld tli(ji'~ W~l-e forty-olle oflkiZrS for col- Messrs. l'!IA.CON ="w CHANI)r.j'~n o,II<:~d tl few 1"'-

1ecting II; lU1li $ 16,000 weI''' pa.ill tb, this ]">ttl'pOSC; aIle! mad,s in 0'Ppo·sit.ion tQ till> hill .

.lI.t tll'll very tilU~ Wi.t:H he ",os e;t!ledi~g" l,roPQ,utiwl to Mr, HOLMES the" l'IlO'\;ed tbe f"l~owi!1g llm~nd",cnt: ,·edu(-c tlli;'-'_\sl,h!i~hmcllt to;> six Ill' ~"n"n, bel'" W"", <l pr,();.i "'Witll th .• e.xcepI'!Q,j of hventysecti01is, conp,g:tWu.slo po~itio'll to j,,,,,-ease 'tbdr emoluments_ Mr. 13, ~l\i(l it was I the s"idc-lInaJ, to, be desig"l11.ltcd by U," Secretny o~ the III Iwpllhlics its it W:lS ill M""arcllics, It- WIIS almost im]>oo- Tl'easYJ'Y.. \V hich - 8h:lll be rescr\'~d for the u~e. of lh'~ sible to r'~d.uce the ~;;:p~i~d'ltul"c, to reduce p~trollujgJe·" UI\_it~d s'mle .. , \lu(i be dispose.d ofns other public mll.d"." \Vllen he inu'o.:i0c-cf1 this 5,e I1til1!lent in the report he hllll . Mr .. II. said,. if lh;~ (:.,\~al WM to [>" for th,,,, be~efit of y0!,1:erday lmlllcj little did he \:xpect that, wj.l!\lin r;wc"ty. tJ-.e United Shltcs, they JtI1~ht (l.-;l. well reSCM',-\ ,_, httle of fQII, 1""1,'" ,,(te't, ~'\Kh It I))wfof irs trt\l11 woul.d 'h","", til-i~ ~~"d ,.hicit w:;_~ to he given toG tbe SMe for three been. ex.hibit"d 011 thl$ !I.oor :IS b~J bQcn sl,,,"w·n in this mlles,oll each &de of the canal. 'rlie b:;I"g~1l was all! ot! biB. . . oTle liide, Ilnd it wu only" very Jitt!e1h;at be asked to b(,

!!le5~1O, SM1TH. HOL1rU;S; LLOYD, ~!ld 'TA.Z£· tes~rv'ed. -

~::.s:- . -: -.»

-. -, . .:.

,,~,tJ'~~B1\TES:lN CON.QUE8~t

". '. . . ' .... , . , ';.;_' _' ---' _' --' ""=-'......-~----

[SENA'1'E.

oJ,'. "1

I

M~. 'VA,!.'!' liUH,}:Nm<ioV~diil.i~y.Ih"I:,".ll..oi:l, the tnble, Tl)ll.t~:the O:l;j~ct of tile bill he now offered I also, to

which mlltlon p,~~'."iJed, " . . g:i":e to 'the St~teof l~dili.rnl\. that whi~!! $h,~. e:q,:'Ct~ ,~nd , cfuin;. !Os, her I'lght,.und,ecr the. PJ'opositJbll ani! 9tip~1».tlOn

S,,:r';",u,.>+,r.I ... 'i 6, 182&. [entered into ~v1th IION' by the UII,i:ed Sb.te~. pll,!dging t-:v0

~ ri.'·. " . < " . ' .. ' . .1..' Th .. , . pe.Jre.ent. aI'lslllg, from the sRie. of the j)ubil? .l~!ld~. for' the:

The b,n. to ,au~b~'\the S~eretuy.m, ~Il,e .. ' eMUry. p.l.I.l'Plk~e "f foaltlng roads !.eadUlg to tine said Slate. Ul)det t" <"III '. bou~". ~m.(llot 0'<' New.nrl<eD~',rn;~ 1l8~'tl })Q?,~ tli~ <IiJ' ...... <ti~r:i·of O~ilt\'I"'$". The act he ref'l"l'cd tQ did not at tI>.~qu.a,l'Ilntme ~,,?,Ulld: III l.A1~Ii~I,alllJ . '1'"," then t?l("". ei:inte'il1l't:lwtlle·toWJ.1.o P""" iu< the seats Q)f (;O,VCI1ilmeut up, And tlie questIon hem!) 0:" L".e ~~~qdm"!It Pl"D'I?°se;I in Ohio; lnaial!l~. illinoi$, and to. tht; ~,,"t of GO'\'erlil1:\lmt

,I»), the C:O'miOlttee on PllbUc~d.s, If the Sllllle, In !:Wi . '!l MiasOlUi.. .

Ilffl.inioln, 'Sball h,e d'e'l!\li~d' e_;,;ped!~e"t"~ .' . . i -- Th~ comml .. <;ioMi'ii appointed to locate. the I'QAc1, re.' M.r. BOWAN o~c,."c<l that. I.t w~~, f<;l~ t~c ~elJlLI:e til jl1:'irtt-d to, the VitOI' Dep'''lmellt itlllt ~he, distance 'would J\wge ,)f lh';'_PI'!)p)'l~ty of thr.: Mlo;:.; either !_h",y were ~Im.' Qr.!>" be increased a litiUe IIp.WIlfi'l.s of tWo miles, ,nul 01. vlnced of til" propriety- of ,diisposl.l1g" 9: tll,'S 'p~,pei1}, ~r better grOund, less expensive to th_e United Stl<~s, to ~Iey w. ,,,.re nor, If t_he;r were, and p-.ssed t1u,s. ~:1W" the), make (;otU.mbll', in Oh.io,1'l)(Ii.Dn9poliS,. inIJ\diana: pO.lllt~, ought not. t", ?erlloot the, S0.c.eli.~ of, the}'leao,,':'Y to.ll'l;'(llitlti1f' date 01' the act, 'Which was in isso, a1th!)u;g-h Il&ve·tbe power of "cpeal1ng.~t ...t hi. di,_crehcn ; i\lI'~. Jl. the S~.n"l~$ ''f''",m the States ,)j' Ohio, InWaIJ;il.,. JJIi.!lqi~; ~111.~(ret:il!"c, 1)''Q~r:s'''1 to ln9dify .tbe ~l1l;~!ld'ffi:"!t.~, ~llt and Missouri; as ,i~n "".tb.e RepreseIlMi",e~ )iJayebccn It,"!I?,tM "cod, 1ltM"~ tll.!I> li':!"e;. on b,s npll1l:Qn, ~. eJ~gnged eVe!'y ~C~OIl of OOJigre-"",.tQobwn tbe pas-sa.!;¢. ,.,h1<::1, ~~~ ~ed to, and the b.i.ll WIi.!I Qrdered tlJl ,a, third of II, I~\ .. l;o mnke the "dAH1·f {Jov"l'nme'll~~''l>i:l.i1its,.·hq.h(j,

reading.. three Ih'St named Ststes, IIDd to extent! It totlre lattt,~;

.. -,'- .. -'-. _ .. I though.j; bi!! f.o .. r the ~Ul'Pose did. pass. the S~flafe, .~e

. Mmllu,;r:. ].j,&1; 8; ,,826. were deb.Y'ed with ouvh».d, ~'el\ as to its location, till 'tlie

• ~~gree8.bly.ton~;c~; '~ir:NO!lLE a5k.~d lea'l',t. toO "ring pa~ ohhe.~ct. of ~ir~:mh3. 18~5,. 'l'lle rQ~(h;m pa~ ni the roll.g"'-lIlgb!ll: _. . _.: tllT?Ugl! c!)ullties III the !lil<t.e, and m mallY of them th",

0< ,Be if e<rali.tea,Uc. .ThM, so soon M the road shull I"" Umt"a s'~tes ow,.' ,the W"ME'I'''!'1 of ttl:J~ J~"d. . The Ioceted throu~h '«he; Sutc of [n-dianll., as declared by the nl'omelrc the roa.tl j!, ltie!!ted. and 1!"~<1;Ui"(!CilUy, the mo",,1, of Co ... gr~ 11)I?~ed ... ·An I'!C,t to ,mthorize the ar'· l'Olel'lt when ~ite {)I'e"J!lltcomm~nws, Ilpl one single tract.of l'(lilltment of .commIMlQ!lt,rs to IllY out lite mild! tt,ereli" land bQr~ertnf on !.he road, w~lJ Jlero"'JIl JOIl.fi~h0 property fl\en:tiol,e<:l" approved 15th May. 1820, lind the act" ell, ill the Uilltel $Iat,es, but ,vdj be purchased hy~ctw>1 titlecl "A!~aet. tOr the contj,mMioll 'of tile Cllmb_erlan,t! settlers, in ,::hlidl there wiin l>e j:'i"eat ,coli'llpetili{)I1, .• no~d," "pprpve(l, Sd of !.{:Ir{:tl, 13,Z.5', tile Preilile"t <>f • :Mr. N. ,?"I }m would t,""'''"' mtroauced ~he 1)iU ~ar];y the United Sta.t..:li ~h~11 cause the said l_d to be opened ] !Il the s.WM'Il) if be ~()Illd 1101\'11; clone So with propriety. eIghty red wide, by cutting off lb.e timber, d~gg;l'Ilr out! ~llthew~li~ed ,important i!lf(jrmatii~m, wllichhe 11'0""· hsd, the roots, ~11,(1 remo"ill,g them from the wood, pre"lU'atQ"y'Jl"~ Co.nm'lSSSIOl1er under the 'let lnst named, compl.eted lo 1Jl.~kin!l" :0 tutJljlih fOAl!. commencing at IIl'ldia:napolis, . the lGCl>:T;i,()n .of' the roan rlm1nr; tlil,e Ilt!it yell.Tj. :U;W as c,utling ~nd diil;l'g.nrr. as aI'?re3'ilid, 1:0 the Eastet'n and I, Colum~1I9, ~lld rep;Q'rted, during' th~ pre~:llt, ~ession. to Western bl)lmdary of the saId State.. . . the Secretary of "VaI-,aml WM til viSJt tllJfI c.ty for ,the

Sec. 2, ilnd be it fwr.thu tllIJdffl, Th",t the !A1!Jl 01 fifty I pll.'1!,,;;e of_ 'receivl'lll' hio ,,,,.trllct1o,,,,, as to the f n rther tlioru.·md dall:ll's,'?f n\Qilcy~ 1l0,t ')tJi>:,rwioo ~pp'l'Uprin;tel!;, ·IOC"'?9I1. ,W,itll;'1 ~e . b"! t,,"ow,eeh hean'iv<!d here-..i:>e,;.ndi ,the ~,.rneis heiroh)" 1\PPl'i)pl'lnted for tl~e purpose ! received ms 111StI"U~tiO'IJS frp!ntl!~ Se'~~ela.ryof WaT,~!ld "f opening :~lld lDllklnf, the rt;"'d •. as meaticned 11; the lim ,. reee!!t!t left tile c~ty tv V'l",t Ius; f.un!It at or !';eat' UlJIQu section of this act i wh'oh so.id sum of 6fty tl;~uS'U1tl dol- , TOiV"n, PcnllsylvlUnlB, and \~'111 proceed forthWith, to coml[iJ'S, 91lall he,repl .. eed ,c;u;t,of the fun~d l'e.lIel". ved f{)t laying i l)!e~edl" I~ClltjO!l (l·f tl1ema.d, l!rft·. N: '~rddlle.l~ad .. seer. out .,,,<1 g:lakmg. roads, under the dii·.~et!On of CI)I'!tmess, us ms\rm,tlOns ; they \T'~'" prQl)lp,tly go"'''!) to hJ11'1 by the bv the ~e"'q41acts pMSed for .th e it\llllluion of the, Stnks S",c,··e(o.ty of W"", ""d, ,for the want of knowledge ,,~ to "I' Oh101 ·fu-iliaul!, ·lU;Ii\(i~., il!\d .l.lissOlIr.i, into tbe Uni<:!n,the nat.:rre and e.U..,t of tbe instrm':Lions; and thejlrou.~·, (l1l {In eq:.aHooti:ngi,with tb.e wi,g'imu Sbtes~ . ,1l,le ·time tb~t th" lociltion would be c.Qmpl .. t<:;!l :in._'Iild,j.

Sec. S . .Dnd lie ilfurthrr t1fUU'.ted, ,That, f()l"tbc;iCtom· . ill'" he had. been t).!)mpeUed to dd.s.y the lllllU4u()~lQiI:of pliishroen'l()f thi$ object; ,t:hePtesi.dem slulla.ppail)t some 'tb.e bm tlU tbe present, lie_ was ]lOW saUsJl'ed cf~IiW;1;Jile fIt pen.oll, lUI tJ\.e sJJ[tennte!lldent of 521d rand, 'who$e loc-atioEl",'o·llld be ~"rlr co.npl(>ted )1} lnd,iall<\) :dtfri~g;tb'o .QI\i:y it. slu.UIJe, under the di¥.ec!ioo ·c:f the Pres'tu¢fit, to, !lre~ent ycnr, and he did no~ wish tol0 .• e sigllt;:·gr,t!];i:Cllidivide the ""llle lItt .... aectil)~!,~ of mot .roox'" tha~ ten mites icrest of ~e Pwple?f I nru:iliM !ollwer, '. He~QlI!d. bave o:ach 1 to <:'Qnt;.ad fQt'illld -pcl'$(ln..;Jly Bupe .. mienda,nd. :boecll wal:lon!!, to lul'!'c Included ilhnOlSj iI~h.e, 18 'WiJIUlg-to, ro.ke the s:tld :r@gd~.asl:refijre me:otio!,ed. oil! w;)11. as to 'e:i;t'@I1.Q to Iler'Qnd·Mi~s.ouritlt:a;t wbicld~eMks.fJrJildial\!\, t~cei~e, d.tsburse, arnlf!lithfuUY'lLeCOllnt wi:th the TI't·II3n.t,y bllt ft!I' thO'; fUct,!hnt ,tbe lo<:~tion. c"-Ilnllt be. ,completed fur,!!Il suiwi of ,noneys:b.y,hi.m· reeci"cdio'virtue of ili.is dW'illg-ule [lMsem-yea.l' ill th:Cl~e,State,,"'Oh!oisnow.!lt acl.. TI",t ti1<l said ~lperin~eila~'nt, !;iel~ke he enters upon work, JlOt'merely "'tottilllr. "ff tile tillil'>el', nnll d;J,l"g-U;jl" up tlte -dls.Gh'll.!rge "f tl;>e d,tti!l8::~,jjointid by this act,shaU th'''i"qt!lr prepmtofo,i''lo lliIuinB' a:tllrt:ipil;;", ro.~,l. bni 3~. (!Ji;r)oeul>:la bond! to theUnite'dStates, wilh 8<!:ourity, to· be: t;u,.lly m;l.king" it·,; 1i¢f¢joi.courtose<'Jit,l\l\<lle:tlndinJl:toOltl-

&ppro"cd Q~ ~y the s,ecre-w,j' Of. t~le~.ri:'JlBurY, CO~<tilj01l .. : mellCej' III le~~t; .110" nl~ke I?tep~7tion"Ml"'. R S1l.iid, .o.ne cd fox the llltthfq!l d'$chft!'g~~ hls·.dutie* pl'eoc;;abed by more su,ggestloll, ruJd ne would ~\t" doWII; We ml<st han': 'thi~ act. That lie ·sJhaU h'old bffi :offict!; du:rin,!: the>ple,(l.· ille ;'ona, tIInd.wIHm'lle..oo.id so, it.\\' ... ~ in tesp'~ctfu1tll'l"Ii18 sure of' the· Preside nt, ":~(h.hall r~~i vc a,~ ·the. rote of t'l) iclle S<;uate,' ana hoped .it w"l(lld 1J<l.· grmrt,tdi. Ni.u" fifu:el1 hUfI.di',;d dolW':! P'''I':;irm,"nJ'9f hi$" .. wvcice~ itQring: months ill. the 'yClli- .""'ItS-the '!:Q;1!l\, "'1'<",~'d., 'tl,e great me time IWllluy be e.rnployed in. the,di;;ch9:'lll'e ofthc(lu· W;;st~!'" mllil.ccnildhe-ll"ll.ll!ljlOlicd,thou.ghthe Sbtoe.alld tie~ :req_u:lred byth;s act. .. · . ..'. . ... _Sta\~·.il).slag,es,piJ\c;I .. ()'tir commercial m,en, 'm,d all otbe~

~l1-.. NODI,s. $;\ill, he '\!'~\dddetlifut1:u);'f3'e"ite:bllt a. jlel'lIons,. "'''Imld.k .. ~,e tlle,~(k'iltllg<l. of 8Ij"~-tly c.om;'·ey:l.ll.Gw ID~n\ltes, in .:xpllllnillg' !h",<)e!;u).s. ,,[-the.. biJI, ;;lid tl);"" C<lg,. ,as· 'well 3S ';6U)' ,fello.w: citi~elJj· . 'On . Ill;,. ~;dt ,of tho; .re1SOB! which' Jnduc-ed him toO aik leavC' to iritrodllcldt;.· mOlIl!fl:ll>))$,to, ·~e' cOIlJlue"xcial .citilOS, pIl.S:lI"g' by mallY 'The ilict to autnol'i'"e'tlie apfpoinl'aienl of co,nlmQO:!3iuuers' 'jmpu!:!:<ut pl~Ccc!ii;/:The fi~ scction .of the bi~ I",o, ... d"", Ul by _"ut the ro;W ther<!m !IlelfltiOIlCd, oonteml'lsite~"~t; itbllt,_ -8",·ru;on';1l;~ti)elOe;\lliofi i. c~inpMed,. til", Pl\Il:(.hl!ltt'ne lJnited Statl:s' b.pds mlg-ht bccrmie ':Mr~ 'i'~lt; '~b,~lk~li~·th~ :res:d .t.o'.bn.pdmd:. TlH1! ~,ind '\lropo~'

V(),~.I1,~ ..

.. ~ .. : .

[SENATE,

IlQrtiofiment,of 1~"Jjresen~tiv,,& lU~del' it Sblill havebecl") : one l~hillh was ~,pprm'ed h" m i'lllJn~""e maj,ontY'o.f (he ""ad".:' . ..... .. Am",n.call People. so f.r ilShe hnd !lny OppaI"WlIltl' o:f

. "Whe'll. tile lists .oral:! ,pe,'5!l!l:ii "Q~.,l fOl'asPre~1.de.llt 'learning their sentiments, ,ma .if they couldget.u chance a'ld Vice Pl.'r::sld.ent; ~hl! th,,,' ll'lillJiler of votes fili each" of \'otLng 011 it" it \'i:~~ one. which tite)' would C3ri1" Mr, ~h .• ll ba~'e been s~!rne<;l,,,e.rti.ficd, and,tI-nn511l'tt.ed,W31ed, H. concluded by sayiilg', tlilLt it he eOIl~d h.ot'get!t 'before to tiH' Stat of- Gm:ertlulc.nt, a~ r,e'luired by t~e COi'lStitl~' the People, \!Jl'~ll ~ prop?sstlQIl ~\l1)1l.1r~teil il3', Gong;·e!>$; t~"!tll'" S<l\latt> .'md J:Iouse .of Repre~elltl;;tiv~, shall to;'Il! be w<QlIldliil:ft.fe..r hIS, exernoes to .. dlilerent: tiJI~atl-.-..lo s Jomt meetin:g, tYl ~"hiCh the Presl(lcl1t ~rtll", SellR.te Shall the' the:<tre of the "R'e.opl,,, themselves, and t>I'g:>! the-call preside, who sh,dl apell aU the ~rli6c"tes, and the votes ; of a n~ti'mal conv,ent;'m. . '" .

• hall.the~ be counted •. "~he person baYing the (V<,,,~~t ' . )!''', .VAN BURiei" said, 1J1fi~~, being;t mcn:!.>~~ of .the rmm'.ler .. Qr .\'Otes fOf PreSIdent sh"'l. be: the President, ,f cOI)1.'nittc~ 1>y WhOrll.t:he resolut"m, under Ct>r,srdeJ',UOII, .s1!ch number be a lnltjo.it,. of the ",hole m,mb."r <If dec. had: been re.pQri.e,l, be would add a few. Iv<irds- to the obt(l'" a!,pointoo" lI.1KI, if B? .peerson have such majolity, scrvations madeby the CII:>i1'fl\t\n~ Heccncurred lin the tb~'l', f"on; the high'est. numbers, not e:.:.cec::d~:rng tbl'ec, on propriety of the .Usp,05lrioll of the l:esolution prepcsed the!i~t of t~ose yoted for ~s Pr·66ider.t, the Jlili!l~ meeting', by the ()ilairmall.. 'l'he ~~I\.Il,/I::,d J~e.iod (>f the. session, "liallllnmedmfely. by ballot, choose the }>1'(iS,del)t. A, 'f\>u.rJId alone fu:rnlSh .. II"ffiClerrt u,duc.crnetlt fur the adoll~

\.·,m~jo.J·i~y of tae votes of an tile 'members present ~",illl bc! .ti<ln Qf thlllcO",,;'~e., but he had fluther !'ellSOII:S. The i'~<lSsary t<l' ~ choice OIl !lite lil'~t ballot ;. "'~ ,,,hich.. P;'O&>Tess which had beenmade in the subject in the ~her plu"~liLy or votes 01l~Y ~Il<..u be Ii.~CeSSllfV to '" choiee, The HO~~8e, :\I'as w~1). k.nown to the S"iJ~te. The :resTII. 01 't'$, r,~ecl'Bo" b.""';~g- the; greatest. )'lumber of ;,(l(oo.!IiS Vice Pre, , deliberation mtisilw him, that, if tlio;rc was ,hue 51,f!1d,ent ,!f.del!t ~h,,-U be. the Vice Pl'esidell!. if slIch number he to-act f1efil.lith,elY. OI,I?Oli lb." subjeet ~m"<l. >lotl,mS'. d_fi;cie'~t ,~ma]OI'ltr of the wbl),le .tI";IID?et> of elector. appomted'; ~O-llld!l('. done at ;1:11e .pr;~~llt .~e.s!:m, lk w";'lld if l!i!l If 110 person iuve sucl:ull:i'jonty, 'tlum be sh,d! he ·c1lijS!:n ;hfe, 'was sp;>r<;d, <llllte his exel1:\0I1S with tho,se of toe Chmr. by r;b.~ S~mtte, as. du>eo:.tBd.·ujI'.lh,IlC>Ollsutution .. " . : mon, to ptess,the ,mll'tt.w to a fa\'Ol'i~ble coacluslon early ill

.ilI'lt. ,BENTON' said it was VCI'Y. w~l1 ';UlderstoM the-next session.: 'IUd, Jl(),t'\i'i$.sl.ll*ilblgUmt the question ,Ih.rongbout {be Sel.l~w, that this, ~e8ol11ti(ln was not t(j'he would have to be d~cid.ll!l, hy tile ssme liouse 'af Repl't:. ru::ted en during the present session. 'I'he reason "rO\I.lli, ~~ntnti:V'{ls, he WO!lld ;;I·OJ so .ln fLlI.I <>onlk1.cr"'e, th",t u!hcir be !l.ppa:r«l\t to every 0I1.e •• 'rne resolution I\'~S; I'''pol'!ed. l~bnl" wuuld he crowned with complete ~\'CCeS;;, He .in the S·elll1te :1It all e>.rly di>i,'~~ld \'.,.9 putolf fl'om dtl; .... to would brklbi -staie his ... qn.oo.llS (hr, tll.(lt beliet: H e WM, sa<lJl.Y, and from \W~(:1k to w~ek. upon the request Off;'Cll-' .tisiied Ih~t til",'" "'". po one point on whic1) the People of tlemen, un!il the Mille subject liM! been taken lip "'l<l Ih~ Th,;,tci! States were more pelfectiy !.I,lited., tl.l"n upon .di$cu$~td ill th.: Qti,u' brandl of tbe·.leg;Jl.btl,IT"~ It was. the propriety; not to ~ay. it)d~spc'1.'!3ble necessity, (If tak,. not, !Vfr. D. ""'lid, deemed ~(l\"t~abJI!; to carry on a duplicate ins- the election of President it'Ol:n the HOllse of l~e~)l;¢ .. ~(lbftl~ [It Ute ,sron" time • and the issue of the discussiou scmatives. Tile experience IOndcl' theColl~lit"ti(ln., as it J~ the I:lo~se. had been S',1(;11, that it w~;. not deemed ad- stand$. as well torme.rly ;>1) recently, had )lfOtl\,.ced that ~~~I;l'" !o take lin}' fhrther step to get a .ctenll'tire voteQI> ,imprC:,il;;iO!i, (lnd be !l'ousl,lere<i the vote of tl:re H()ll,je:Of 11 tl!'S' m;ssion '! bl'~ it "",IS d~em<:(! advisable to keel> the i l1:!J>E",S~'J;ltatj"{!fi as tb~ stl";)lI,g'est nmrul'eo.ti<lo Qf Its exist$1d>J~ct '" a situation fOl> be~ng M.lQdl.!j)o," !it the ,mrl'£'st <:~'(!r:." III thort r.l1:s!'e.ct, it would be M "ldu e , ~ut bClJ:'ond.' l'o3$lble ,I&.r, nt the next session, e~I'l1ei.<ot17 ~Jl!l ~'jg>Qr(msly", "l!(j.t, J.t could produce. 1\0 J"esld.\!I. Although It couM,lH" "'"~ b> 1)_~Hl ,~t decide? one way or the other, .It 'wa~ W;~tlll tbOllgtr,~," be, i!.atisfilctor.l' ~lle\vn, ~(!,t the. ~n,,,n StoW. a new to th.1s reseluticu, ~nd some other' subjects. of Jill'I would .. l. !lo~llmg IiilOi'f; w!\~.clone. be beti~ <;Iff than lney FO!tm~, lI'hicb it W::l:S prob.djl;e would 110t be fl:nished at ,"'.:; l.mcie'\' the Ccmstl tOlI:iOIl, M it stands, still ~1I experience tbI~ ,se'Mll, U')n.~ he 119<1 ,,?,:ceived (!111: id"" or t"~I;i\l.!. illS' h~'~ 61~e"," th~~t:hey .cI?_ not t.hill~. so.' There is no. rcMCiil ()\ ei aU the subjects '_"'ro~lIll'filr tor ,hOOllJl8t(m ·to the MJ;,t to bebel"" .. hilt they willi o:;vel' cOJ.1sent lo g"lye til' tJi.e pow· '~S";on:j thM they rni~h! then be t:,o.kc" up, ,dthout los$ ! er tll~y IIOW have wi!lu",t ",' '''iuivaltllt, wit bout "resort 01 til;t>e. M~. B,. srul~,. should no~ tbis m~,e Jil;;~s, h,e pledg. III to the Pt"helple up~n whicb the C~m,";tuti~1!l WM !oUJlcJe.d cd l\,m~e,lf to tbe S.m1l.te, ;1m:! to the l!.lm:l·"can People, -Ulllt ()f o{>mj)tOl.l'IIsc'.. 'rhe <"q_uwfl.knt Wltt. winch th~y that he wouldag-.l.ill mOl'e the l:ej~ellce of the subject to would be Sl,t.isfiecl, with which they ollght to be sM.isfi!d • ... COlllJ'Ol;,ttec, Alld i):U'e it disp03Cd of l\S $I11y as po~siMe. is the J;.rell!dllg: np oj' th,e cOfl.'>oHdated ;;t:i'cilg'l.!t of :the It w,~O' "0:1'1:, Mr. }3. MIl;], a's It !was wUh. the;I'!I,!:I'ilM Pi'(>W. Im'g" Sto.te." by the establishment qf the .Jislri.:;t. sJ$tem •

. trp,,: the Bl'iti"h ·p ... «lWtn"nl-1I!c g'l'cnt",&t 'iJifficuli)l ill If .win "ain, tha,efnre, 100:' geuJ.lemen to be;, 0)' ttl Cliffectto t"t~:l!g a:"r Ill. h.S' dO. ne,. W3." t{) find tIl' right !lm.e. fur fll~' b.c, ill fav'0t: ~.f t"kinS' thl: ~rection. f:r{),m 't.h~; }l(lI.Isc, lU1~5 ,l~l»t. \\·b~'1! tile grellt (tUestioD' of l'efOmlln.g the IJl'1. tn)J~y are ¥'ilimg to) d,o tJuu. ~1<0, wl.tllo()'il. WhICh tbe l~dlJlg' tl;ll.h Hol.Is~ of Corl1:l1il1l118 w~ •. brought 1J!fl, it ~!1aS ag.i-':e.o:J object cannot ()e effeCl(:'4-witbo~ltthM, aU is empty I?'tl· :J.I] I'ou,!,Q. t?"( i.IJ'e ("p.l"e~ellbtio:l o"ll'ht t() be.re:form.ed, fl;:~siolJ, We m"st.I<>t tb~ ~'Jl'rOse. of the election,make ~)\It ~tle diffi~lllty. W~S !W to !he l'.'ght tune (If ilcc.omphs]". I ,til the St::>.tes of the li~me s,ze, w'llloh would be 1M ~ffcct In!;' tt- l)m,,,!\, .lh~ A.meiic~m ,m,,; it 'Vfi' ilic wl'o,ng time, of the di,.tI;lI:.t $j'$l:elll, and tllen, ,,,,,llb.ell olll}" C~II '''e sfld a!tel' the :Fre."t:J~ I~"'Q'l.tJtion brolr:;", <lilt,. it W:lJl \:he give the eleotiuu of Pte.illellt :mil Vice President to the "'ro'f1gth'll~ still. This 1'llSo,lll,!llln, 'Mr. I!. .... iel, \l'U intro. People; f'1'M(U'I'rt the purity ofl:h.e system, ~Jl<.l. in TC:lIlty,. duetd T.W(>YCQ,I";' ago, 9!lliit,w(lSl.ilell <leerned MI impl"Oper !'1'.s!.o:l'e tile b['];~l1ce:of pmvel'1!w{)llll'thcSt,testl) 1:1:,," ~Qot;.. lime" hec~l.Ise the Presidential [?iecti'on ",ouh[ SOOIl come ;"Il' 01) whit1.l~ jt $l<;)od Ilt the adoption oed,,,, CIJJllit,tlltloll •

. O/~, h was ;Jl,l'aa.t1 In!l'od!l,c<o<l soon UftCI" ru;d lilell it was ]J"lle>"il'lg that the dlOS,;ro. t;:> ta!;:e the eieotion frO'Ill the an )tnpl'ofjer .t''''e~jt wus t,><) won liil",' the. ·j(;;<;tiOli, ;;"i''; Ho·u.s" 11M! ~u ,111. Ileep ill th(l.lmbJi~ miTld-knQ~oing the It '~};l\'ilt 1lll~'<;! "bc~til\g ('"' the ,:>'cnt;:; ,of that ,,1~cti"l1, ",U~1i'?~I'CJ-f'<ll. agency whkll puh.llc ~eJ~timell.t fOl'turTl;ltcl;f ,m1<1 lleconSluel'oCd ".~ per.OjjB!.ly a,lF~i'lsi<'e; the""rOl'fl as ~1:Ml III 0111' fiovemme.!lt-It,,, bad the SU'OJlgest hopt;:S Uu.t '~'Y'lLS ~mf',,!iJ;;blc to lim.l a time \~Ilicl. shu'I):l.d be free fl',om the oO;l'reatsentimcllt which no'" happily ¢xi~te,l upon ~bJe¢tlo", ~11'. B, !i.'lid~le would pledge ll!mlleLf {o;;he tni$ orne poi!1.t ,w·01.l!~ be abl(;; to. Clln'l U~"' Iltb~.' w~th it .

. ?.enal,~~l1d w tbe. Am!ll'l!;an People, 1lO' cOlltinue l11e sub. ae hoped., .mo! bdie,ved, tb"Uu.e P·"ople of til,", United .ICe! WIth aU the enegy hI.' WDoS lTIaster Qt~ til.l he bl'OOlgh.t Sblt ... wOIII(I, i,lI tbe ,'{)mn'lg reeess,ill all c·on.tituuGnal .t. 1.0 "" e~l\e1\.~V~. lit :",:II1k1 em:J():a"~' to> g-ect'" dcti.;1'''! to.l:ms, e.'Cpt~.i>f' tJleit' OpilllQIl. liJron til,s sllhj~ct If they ~'?t<:. Q.,~ ((,'. pmtl)'ple ,vl.t""h the r~soll,t'Q'rl cO"otaine.d; hoe did, so, anel If tbey l'eall,!' d.esn"e tile ele.ctlOll Qir then' .'fd Il"t do ,it .rr,oU) a spi'it ~r r~cl;;.l!,,"s llene,·em". ",:e, hut ; Cbi~' ?of.all'istr,ate, M(l were, trm: til them:.cl~e"'liU"l\~Cr nQ!1l ~ CO.l\VJctton tllgt tha PI'lIlClp].e Itse'fi W~~ oorrecl, ;l1ld setsl.i1 ~'()Il!(I n(lt l'u~ by WiUiOlit ;:1'1 opport,u'llIty hem@:

'.-:--

fuf!1;~h edtQ the' States t<l'expN;"Ah~i~¢pinit>l>."(P<ID fM9' d"ll1l'!.lrm hw m"M"'~.b'\It '~vc.tim"'. f"t thi~' princi pl~ If> most interesting Htlllject ~:!; . .s\lbjcct;wi!ll. ·"'.nidi, 'i:n his pfuglreS>! I.hMt!g:h· this .<J;xh!:I\:i'.e c!umtry. He di·gM1. O'piniQllj th.e fllture welfare;uf the cQuntry,. ~Jld theliber- : kilo;"" whether lle'could. ,'l:l) !lQ' fur wlth:the1i<'"tl~JInm tl.cs of its !).!tb:Il., were mOll< close Iy connected tb~!llmy' fr<>1.II K~llt\!9ky Ii:!. th!lt '~lkm:in ·wished.. lftlte tiring" othe~ wbich had.beel! agitated in CQngrellll since the WfIS rigll~.all tlHI,t WM i!ee.;._ry·\I'as . perseverance. If ld.0llu<Jn "f the C9n~liJ.I.\ti(jf). the Pe..,ple. w,e,:? c.apabJe, of ~g<I"et"llm~Ii'" We. <;ought

:!!It. JOIlNSON. of' .Kentucky. ;aid he ha(II!""CT"",ep 11"'"cr to d<:~lIl.r of <::m:j'"Jng fil~re$ tllllt we}" ~Mlcl1h ... "the tim~.,. since he hsd read {be F~der.ol eoIOsl,tllI:lOn, hUI ted to . promote 1neu, happlne sa, No gre~t eV""I~ '~"'"e wlutlit !t~d been prml.oh.t, ""itlIQutre6pect to tlme, place, e"c.rbro:mgbt .b.mIE. bllt "Y' -p="Rnnce. S" II'.! these

-~ (It per3011, to vote for the ~mlmdmellt. to this part. I)i the : WDelld!1l<mI$"!"~ (lilgnt [lilt to a~.~pi<ir, bllt to ~i"Se"ete, Constitution of the United .Stal!cs;. and be. would plc.dge .1 'There seemed to he, Mr,?i{, ~d.. an' up_inioJl prer.lent, himself to ihims:elf,3nd he wo!.!hl pIed!;<l hi:m5eif to tile': that. the CUll9~tiltinfl was too Mcren. to be iOll.ch0d. Oerge[j.~l~m.bl 'll'll.o 11M. sp?ken, ;. he. U,."ught ~ll.erwo(lld !i:ain1y . it <Jughl rint to be~men~' oll.iiligllt O<;o;.WOllS. pledge themselves to.> Imooll .. noti\@' OC."!\.Slon, to go.' 'Fhe fim I;:Of\g>'c",". th~t met tmderthe l'~.h:w 6ovc.m,~ith them "t !:hI'; next session. He :refut"cd to) thesub- ro~,,,t wel'e so convinced that it. wanted amendment t,b~t ject of . aboliI;(,!HQf imprisoument f'fr' <le'i>t;,. which he ,thcY!)l'"Qp(l~l)(! ~e'v~~I; Tbe li>u!ttI in . th" C()n~M.iop. wl~bed to go.pari pw,.~¥. with these (l!hJ3l'~t l!leR:$~r~g.· .~ M:1'.M~wm M,:er'ce dlsoQyeftd till yQ~ go :int<) R,?" There were three th;"~,}lr. J. slYd_,_ 'I'.~lcil .. ,were no> UQ!I; XQU_ :mull try It byex1;lenmc!lt, .md!t; Gil cOI'per!" ¢,ess"lJ' to perpet!.l~te till$ ('_'l"o;lllmellt , fo I!l:ve ,to the ment, I,t does not . =';_113I1'e!' the purpooe, the'" propose 10 ,l?~op.l.c~wl\~th,"r '11·' the- d.,~tn.d or, !Seneeat t,c.k:et~l.<1 :amen.dJt, .[ ~jjj "t"i".t auy ,.rnendm<\"l on m(;!'e, theory , gl'"cto the People the :sd"eti(m of tt.,elf m~Oi'$" '>ild, when bu:t, when an inccnvenience iJ.I (oenu {" result f't·om pm". 1;h" l>eople proved recreant, and could not gQYllrJl them- . ti~e.!t '-",tha duty. of Co"gl'e.s~ hi' provi<.le tI, .. t ferned,}' sch~s jo:t the PQIl~, w'it!Jflllt tile intervention of a third I wbich e.:;tperi~~9'" Ius d~mon~trai.ed; and th:>t is the case p~r~y. he ~ai.d,. M ti!". Goy<;;:mm~nt g~ dQ'Io'Il. A,nol'het I i~(he, present i!~~t~nc..,.T.h'" ~OO!1~"ni"m:"'lr~6, b~e!l, subject ,,,so, lite abolltion ·of Imlm~'mm~~l~ fur debt, .Be I fel\, "lid 'lIndcr this "'e~ of til" tl:tmg. ~!:t~ 1$ llotl'r~llg to wh.hcd ,nat the lube,.t;!' of theAmcrlean c.lImen, as n:gal.'d- I be .. larmcd at. Look Ill>.C.k ttl the iJegHll1)ng' of IJ,,~ G<i-·ed Iris p",,,so"O.i ~~fi;>ty •.• 1,(juI,I.,!:,e mo.,;, "a"r~(j th'l!lth~t 01"1 vo.l'Jln'Cn,·. M,d ~e(\ h!>w m~;;y sce,,~,~ We ba~"e:. pO£o)d :1\" ROIll~.n ";tiz,,r~. Tbe tlul'd ofthese ];'('p'.nt""1 ~!.\h. tbnlu.glh . Ouly !~~.e the l?~{)f>I<: al.one to !1i.m"E ~".d JCcts Wrui, the ~e,~"nl of; wl",t lie kmn'l never would he , sense, Slid tb<,)' wl>l set the. thing nght. tn",ms.:i'res;, ThiS !i:vj,:cd, the"ld~Qmpe!1$<l~iO"!\ I,<\\', lIe w,sped now to ; Gor~'m!)el1l1~ r,,~nded on tho_)JriJwi,]l1<l1hat Ib,"~ People lnqnne, whether It lI'ollkl oem o;'tI"r("';1J::P(}~Ilg:!l,e rule have sense el~ough to ~~'em _;l1!,c,!,"elveS; and d !'1I:S.'l\OI! lately Jl~po.s~d ?y th~ g~IlU~f!1"l). (1'9m M[l'Soun :~lOt tQ s1~G_tJld W!Dctlme3 ~bQw.lt:!:e.lr. It_w:~n 1,111:11 mIt, an,d reason p~>-5) UI) reter tll~, !llJ.bJect to " "",riam d.y. o.ay,. the ~C_ .:WIli re~ilmeh"Ttl~r""" • ."nd thelh\!lg' will ,co:menght". II Gund ~l<llld,"y .. f .D~C"i1,b~r ileu1 bee"It"'" he WisllCd to' I~ lt1le thcre are tl.nH\~ Ih(l.[ are more f,,~ol'"l1bl<J tho]"> ()Ih~", COlI. "I' t.·.i~~ ~;lb.J.·e<JI ..• of imI.,~."j.son~elltfil~ debt, (1 • .1\11 !'()f~r i.t [Qr"etlillg ~Ilr thin!.)" grt1\td(l:i\~; amI. n~x:ts~£Sl. 'Oll .•. 0.r~h" .. toa certmn <by attilC next S~SS~Oh' {if Congress.: . session aUer dJ .t, will be :15 f:a.vorah.!~ . a t'-'Jl~ furge,Uiil;&'

'rh" CHAW, ~i.d, f),ccol~li.~g W lh~ pre.'l~nu.sl.ate of the tht~ do"", 01.$ "!)iY tlla.:tcnn ll~ppen. I meatien this because

rules, such amotion w"lild !lot bdn Q~'der.. .., 1 dotlot knew that h'h~U 1>0; h~re t,,:o yesrahence •. Eke.

~It" MACON said tr.·c¥c W~~ nil tinle~ llOW fo, tbe dj~ ti_Q11~ wiJ! w<,c Rlac.." ~ .~c:w thm~:"'11! come IJ)~G thIS ~oN.>SJmH)f th;$ 'l,nc5litn}. . He llC'n:r wl"h"d great quc,,": d:(.!,,~mll,.,"'w)l.l bd~~sb, aJla~hi'" "J?·eo.t obJ<'(;~w.b~cb. tlonssuch (!.$. this, 1;0 b", b:ken ~:I'''.hCfi Ihe metnbe:M ,,,,,,ft::, wit! be ,).grr~~ted·m aU the; elections •. 1 have no OOJIlCtio:"

,.$_h~n,~tcd ; but he w"'~ ~:e • .\' wil1.illg to t .. k;e i~ nl~ :at the to ~.1'h,g -th~ .r:s~*L!~{)fi O!: ·t.b;c table, .. _ .• . . . . _

firM daYQf Ibe nc;.:lsesswll, 3ml.I;":O on wHh ~t t~lIlt W36.. MI'. BRANCH s~l!(l> hcbevjllg'."" he <hd. Ih~t the per-ileddcil, Mr. M:, ,,,,io:1. h~ h~d b""YI unifm'ln!y irlJXI'or of: petuMiml uf the IIbc:rtiBs of fh'~ Peop!~ ,lepejlded on tlie th", district sy.st{'tlJ, b\lt. "" ~'i;:h :l mjjj'htj~ 'lw::s.ti?I!-'md ~dQption of tl~e 1l1n~.lI(lmel\t PWIJlJscd i .I,"l~"~·lng· tlmt it thl5 WItS OM th •. t·'I1(;,.·ea<>!!o([ ""i~y jJ) m"iP"luclc-"t; cO\lld ""'p~ll,;k,l 01l:!>~"wwmg on t.1:t., l'eop!c the fl:gbt of d'{lo~ l;a,'(Uy he ""'per'Nd, (l\1):t i'~ ::t. GD\'omn~nt.!(ke g,'s, i~ i'lg'. their Glii~f .. ~la$'hlr"t!O,; Ileli,"~in~, t'l]'1r)her, ~ .. t ,t c,mk1 be dOll(; ~t OC.CC, 1 h,"" gcntl~m[\nh'i)Jn ~jJ5S()Un C"""IM. mt he nlamt<\l,,~d 'wltbout Yleliljng ",n equ)\·a!ent m)g-h1..5lI\lsfii1imself t));\l U!.ls qtie~liIJHlllll&t be d~ciJ'l"d t'? the ~!'(l",U SttltC5, he. rOje f(h- tb~. pUI'P,0" <1!I'dnming bY'Co~!\1'e~:;so:nletim"O)r[)tMr, The Ca,Cdldmdc-.it",d hlsth,mks to thcB:~Bt~em"l] ff<i>m}iccw \'Q.r.k (In., VJ)\, in :E~l&Emd w~1.'cce"['tnin.lr tnJ<?, bul' the currrp:uisQIl di_d Btri£.:o) fur 'he magm:mimity hC1: had.dL~pla)<ed. (mlb" .~)'enut nokl with til," ci1, .. "ct<;I,,,r t:,e. two Go"~mmel1t~j. a'ld $!;!l!t Q.~,",,~io\l, lIS he.had dot,,, "n aU ol'hel':!. He sni.dJli1; t!'e ~)()wcr <If th" Fe.orl.;" In .Ellgh"tI_ the .tight 0f "O~ nl,"J{""nl.lfi'ty-f:'r, h~,'ii!1g~;';f'l~ .. ~"d to the Senate :hi,. tin!;) w~$limited, I? ~fclI',md I~\C"" wcre,IM.)l~' h()!'{J~llfl .. wilh~,p"'&~to y'el'l ~r[> th" 'p~~ent sy~t:n'l 1.<;> ~d"l!t. t"~ winch haillmt a ~l!)g:'IC' "~(ltc, I:I.~I'C, !Jo\hmg!lf tlr~t kind d~stl"lot ,system, 'pr"''ld€d thll.t he c<lul<l. ir".t ,Ih." ~.m"lld,. c:dst,e(\' ~Hn'~, c\"cl'y body W'W", . Nt) person \);0:$ tlle .iliel.:lt:th~t W'OS ·I?w!'o.td_ He tnisted. tJl·~ Lllfi.ueIlCil:o Qf power of ~cf\,~in.g', member tum:;. t]l?tdb.te, the diflkul· ij-lis e:;:ample would nOt be' Io:rt (>11 the h .. Tg-e SIJ<t~$ of t!l<;_ tk. wer-e n~t, Ii" tiw!g~\t, so . ;;l,",1.t".,. tlU"C{)[lHIYI ~s ht U[)i~n, amI Ubt. Vll'ghJi~ would f~I.lO\\' f:he~~!,'" Qr Enghu,il, 1:!Jc Mea (ll' yd'!ll1n;i$ g:on" ill ~'nS'land. "t l'!'e·. ~tW Ymk, "'!lel. J:apl~y that lib",-,,,-Ety w h.tel:i ",o.s becom.

~"1! t, . Tn"'l &,""" it "''''' kuown III tIle . ~iU'bcr' "tx!:tl of th~, Ulg hC'" cl!(lJ'~c·t.r, ..... . ' ... ' ,

U.ewl!lIGO"nm"y """'"' ~U(lh. is the ch"r~Gt~ro:f ma~, sueh his On mOMn of Mr. Illi:NTON, there solution "i'2.j then ·,,)nwilliF1.!rlle$~ to r.1)1 With it, that it W,~S no~ t.illt!!e )lcar blel (>Ii t\Ie t;tble; ,a.l:!d, M!", DIGKE.l!SON'S •• m.lldmcl1t "lion Hmt HIe .'\r!1.d~$ of C(mf~d~rnbo!l wefC s,gil~d; ~ '~"" (>~dcrcd to b~ Imn~d.

tbexe was no l'i"ti(ll\~l Gov<;;wllmmt till"tli<m.. "I;'l!e mo· N_.c!o.V".AL ACADEMY.,

ll"1<itlt p<l"~ ca'l1jl:-i~:[l~'d hl~fQre-thc P":"""" tu"kJi>l.=I~ '" 't-j;c Senate. then. to.o.k up the bm ".fin- the est!i!:ilJ.sh·

cC"CI',l' m." In U)_C U!ILt~'l!;I'''tC.· ..... "~.ccn.m\''.''dth,,t'h''J;'''·1 mem'of Ii na.ril..! ac"c!enn'," '

<le,:"l ~;;v .. e"tJ1,'ne."t could ·1I0t. "Il;;w"t~b" 'Il\I'11>"." .11)r tolr.DllANCH :cid.tthc ~'~"m) W~" rr>pi!l}.y dl'8;,w!ng: t" wlndl ~t Wilsllltell,]c(L It,~a~thtn.tl:\~}ear 1787, b"ftl~e·,. clQs~.ll.u.d til,,\, oug'ht flrsl t()bB.~t" ... Ihtkr~tte"tloJll!lU ,.\1 a,ttcm.pt "\,'ll. iliad" tQfC',1,5C thlS G?"emllu)!lt. Sull: such ~\Ibi"cts ;lsweri: decidedlyofi<nl"'orti\ncl>.. Tile be,~ tIM: opinioll h,.1i pr()W'l_slmd~h"t tll~K~,lcra! G".<;~'rlliellt: lIent$ tb.lt wo .. 1I11 rt'~IJ1t frol1llh~ F~SM.-$e. ~iJllS. bill w,,~1d 1m'st be "lt~r~d:.tIr. ,'i,sa"I, w'h<>11 liley lODk"d back., I>e .at leas! problem.tical; Iwr wuld !f.$ frie~dse-'lfl'ect t!.P lin a! !IlIW how thli'If' jltol,TJ:e"se.J1, tlll' g'.~nd"m<l.ll shol1ld I!Ot 'I ern?' it lhw%>tt. '!hh seffion.TherefOfe, 1.0 try d,e ·~eflM'

691

"y>:::::':",' ., ': '-''''',':'7~<'7~-;p''';,::r;.;,: ", >~"<~~;' <;''''rY', ,/",,'c:':;::/;J."~h ;.~;

G!t~s~'B?;'SRA1F~S&~G1Si:l1dt 6,92,

.the means,nnd tiLe UIlrcl deCIare~;tfjat a:snjiriiEitende~t /·!UI·tdthe .e~iiStituti()na1i~yof~D~apimint'ng' a;oBi:' $~U be apl'Qinted, to ~&';;1 itclXlmpli:!li,ing the: object, cee wbo was ",,,uo bean Qfficer.ru'eilh'er HOIlSC, but an He hcped til at 1!l&'''Il' \\1 QuId be: g:rrmted, ~ml ~he' bill; ()f&~el" 'v tile Pederal G oveJrflme,~t.· . . would take the i1.na) .course.'·. -: . lilT: EA'l'ON moved to emend th." '"""olunon 80=' tl>

'fb~e lea,'!! w 'a;, then given, anc! -the biU ,,,, ... 9 rc:u.(the lea"e~h,e~p.pOl!l.t¥l~Lp(iwer with:the Fr~ide:n~; bill> .

f.h"St fame. '. . .' Oil monon of llr. IfA;RRtSON, (he resohitiorr was roe.

Mr. "'. AN. BUJ:mN,' . fi.omHie· Gommiilee 011 the Ju- MI)l'rrutted. ". . ".. . . '.

did~,I'Y. to whom W<;S r<ofer" .. ,I.;,,, m".,"~,:,lh"'" ill": .' .... AM'END\\(ENTTO TH.E CONSTrTDT[tm. ~f01~S:> requesting- ""()l~~"",.ceon the subject of m,e, : . The seil3te -. th'~fl ~ook: ,*p die ~sollitiou jpf.OpO$ili1g ""til ~{]dlC~~ry Inlf, made ,he followIng report:, . ~mendInel1t to ilieCoiJ6titlltion of !he Vn;te~l S'b.te&, as ,,. T!,e J'lld;ciaJ'Y Committee,o'll tEl" me~$:'t _Il:om til·", ii., respects the di)"l.\o,iI i>f·P:r·,,6idllnt .and Vi"", Pw.oliient

House of 1I.ep,'~entatiV'es. proposing a conference (Iii; Qf ~h() tlnlted. Stitt;;",. -' . '. .

fur sobicct of the d,~~gr"ein,g votes of the two !\l'(ltlse:li, " Ml';.DIC'!{il::RSON' siid he:did !:lot rise to entat tnt" <on the au.endm"nt Pt'{,posoo by the Seli~te- ~o the bill, an argument upon the rewlution, but to otr~,r am amend. entitled ' . .\11 act fU'I-thel" to' amend, the Judicia! .srrt~m lIlCl'lt, , IJe. believed .that. 't~~ ,pl:m of II; second ~Iection of tile Ul1l4"\1 Sutes,' repcrt , .... ", ~,,Y' tbt People, 3$ proposed III the 1"""illtiIlO, WlLS mespeThat, '" the QP~iJj~n ¢f the commteeee •. th .. condition di,,"t and. imp ",cti.cable i tha_t he eQuId, perceive no w,,,11

j)f' I'~e question, aud the c;'.""II\$tllo!l:Cl'. Qf th.e·.c:-n.1e.re--n.: Il""~rlllded ob:j"etion to the choice of cleetO';I'S pMwide(! der II <:o():ncu!'t~nee;" the propo:~"'i-co!'l!'e'reJ1:ce i~\cX'pooi., tbey are dh-o.s~ill in ~h.gle :districts" tlnat electors never !lint; , l'lI,,:!, "'111.1" llere,.en~e' to Hie h'gh s~ufG~e hoOJ i have abused thcirp'!wer. n&r'oo~d·it he feared tha,t Ille)' which Ille. li'lVltlltlOIl ila~ proceeded, mak,,,.a briefcxplan-] would r that the object to be gamed by the dlMg,e ".ro. unOl1 of the rensous wilteD. have led to t.Ws elllidusio:n. ! posed "':t.~ not 5'11:1\ as 'to wammt an a.lter"tiell of the ~h" amenctmellt preposed by the Se,n!J;te Wo!S fre@iy dis. .Con"titlltion: although 'be WQuld h,n"C been sati~fl..d cussed, ~Jldi. adopted with b,ot lour (IiSll<lntin1ij voices, with the mode pNp()s~dj' if it h:ld he,morigimdlyadopt· UpOI> being "th'is~(1 of the di"'gr.e,ement 01' tire House eel 9.11,1 fOllnd to be ;;afe ill !practice; that the amen:dmel'lt, of ~~"pres~llt~ti"',e", tbe ~ .. ,-,st:iOll. ~,,~~ di>;titJ.ctl~ preseneed : he offered p~r(]poood_ to eie~t the. President, ili. the bS.t . to to,,, S",{,[,le,. w~~"l,er It .I""nld 11t-n.lI-. (iilld ask a confer :I"Cs,?rt, hy;1l. Jo;urt ballot of fu~ bm Hou,e~ of C.on~, ' ence, or w,,}et"~" it would at~llce u.dh~'<e.a.nd thus, pro~ 'l'otmg- per ~Plta-il, hody whIch ,"mud be p.teCJ:Sely alibailly, Ilh.il!'''gh not necessarily, avoid ,o'~:e. Upon full rua!l"OllS to the whole bod)' of ,o;!ectOl'5,. ~JlOli!ld tbey be dj$¢~"".(ifr., allte c~-l"dhl cQn$id~l':atioQ" ,M th".ubjcct, brollght togc~h". i dillt the 9tron~ objection to n eli01"'" . 'tll~ S<, ... ~t", ",it~, bot til',,!"" d;S~C"'t'Dg voices, d,ec;,ledj by th"fl'o,.s<,= of R<;present"-i:ive~,, ~'<::rtlrng- by Stale,., djd 1<.> ..alle",;, ~",i there!>f preventthe 1lI1pl'ofit~ble fQl'!II~II;ty ,?ot apply to. a joint m~eti!1,g ofthe t~o Ho:u,scs ~ t!'~t, ,,(:a eonrerence, at this ,,<.I anced p·erlQtl of the scssren, : there could be no dnllS'ct.n tru5UI:\g" th"Hl, Wlt.ly this, un-

'rh~tdcCJs;Oll was w,tllin the I',d~s est9rbIL~h~d {or'tlle pennant duty. . . . .

g(wemml.>)1t of the two Hous-s, censistent with ll~g'«, ou M!~. D.theIlSllbrnitted·the :l'l>llowlllgamemlment. .. filE other, and lmpOl-uut oecesions, (and it eauuet be llCC;:'S· object was to have it-prilf!tcdJ, "'nli then to move to, by if, so.ry to say) w~ made wit~Q\lt the sligll'test ;disr'OO_l)tl,'2tto with the rli'sc>lutio,ll, 011 tbe ~ahJr:,/Ol' tile. p're se ~t ~~i<:", , ,tb" House :01' n"pNs,m:a'''·''"8. The c(>mrn.ttee believe: "After tile wOI ... I.cllllc!lrrmg, IT) the tbal'd line, strike th~t the hm.e "m(lTl,~~ui'ly witil wbidl the que~fion. of ad, • (lut I:be resIc!ue of the resolufion, and Jllsel"l..:....·

11~reI1C'" was originally det~rIT~~ned in the. Senate, ,sti,ll "'That tile fol1tl1~i:(lg am~lld!!lent t(> tbe Con..~t,itntio" or e..,'\Jst>. The appcint.;lI;CJlt of ccnferees would be IIViirtlllru the Unjted S'tat~a be proposed to the L",gi1>~~I;1JIT-S of the wa'ii'cr-or tile vote of adhe,,,,nce, or, jf otrlerw.ise eO'n~i",. gevqRl ~H"t~s; which, WheOll"adfied by the Legistdm,e,s dered, would II1n,lif~st a dis'l'ooit,ol) t-o meet theccnferees of_thi·e".fl,(u-tb~."f the -S~S. ShHU b" n, purl 'of the said of the. OUlCl' H", .. " upon .. neq.~"l tem;S, As=ingthJlt COlistituti')I1;

the Senate is opposed to" \\"..J\'~.r of the vote of ;ltll)"t~ "I,'OF the purpose or choosing Representatives in tli" ,e,;ce; "'Id h~~e"0!l" ilia! the apJ;lointlnent.of ~onfel'ees., Co"~r~'3s of 'the .u.~rtc~~ Smms, each: Stat~ shall, by its wltiioul rt, Jlil.l!;:ht Jl.lstly be conwdeholl ebjeetlonable b,y Lcgw~I"",lli'e-,. be dlVtded mt,o, I'- !~ull1b,e!' of districts, e<lui! tile House of Hepteseilbti.ve.s, the co;:oJlQi.tteerc<)of»mend tothe numhet of Irepl"cj;erttfit.i"~ to which sucb. Stllt<:: the ;l<loptioilof tlt:- followin!,!" !'eso!u,t;oll; ~"Y be e"t~tlcd, These di.~·;cts ~h"il be forrr>oo of cor ...

R~()l~,d, .That, 11> tll~ cpioson ot the Sona!e, no ~od t.g'IQnS t.:rrrtory. "-11,d {;Q)1tam,. :liS nCM,ly us w~y b:e, '0;" willl'e~IIJt .i,'~)'Jn ;~ e,Onl<:l'CI1tCe UP'O'11 tile sl!I'Ject G'I· the eq~~lllUmbfr~' of pel'!;ol\$ entilled by the C01>,I1t1!boll to diSAi',cre",ng votes _01" the tWQ H(l,llse~, ~n t~,~ :>men-diment bct;presenl:e,d ... [~, each oflile-se d.\mict-s, ~le pe."llll~' Pff)llo,e(l by the :wnftt,e.'"to tbe bill, ':,Il.tltled :~ An :let flllr· qli:l1lfl:ed~? .pte for. the "'<}~t ITUmel'llUS bl'l'mch of the tber to ... ,,\'::;\{} the ,JudicW Syztmn of tile UllIted Slates;' State UglsbtlU'e> ~hllU d\ooseone Uel!I'esellt-J.Il",-", . . !I:ud tllat til .. lkna.te does, tl;~reJt)l~e, uec.linle the .saIne i "}'OI· the. purpos'l ilt <;hoos-illS' e1~cto;'S 'of Fresident l\lld; rlll'the"j, tl;~t a Gopy.";f iI.l.e s!'i'II~:t",'i feIlOI'! he ;K:11.ttO and Vice P~~md"rr,t li)f the ilJnit",,! Stf.t~~ the J:lel'SO~9 tho. Uo,.1<C of ltel'l-esellbti.ves, ~$ e:s:plumtoH'Y -of tile ";"'>118 qualified t<:>vote fffi' nepvesent:J.th,~;s. jn each district, ~l!n11

of the Sernnte," . . cboose one el,,~tot ; :<,)d, Itt tlk $ll.lF[le t'ome,tile two :tddi·

'fhe. ~"[iOI'I, \\'3$ read, Otru~ ol.,j~i'~(li to he prim.eoc'l. : tiolJllielectm":!! to which each Sla't"! ~~ cI:tiUcd ~la.llbe

Th~ S<lnitt"(; UtClI took tip tL~ Joint resoluti.on to'jl'i'l'l,\~<le eh.o~en, by I]te peTS\)1!8 so' qmllifled ta, ,'ote, in ~!ieh. 1lI~IlI' for· the C.a!'e Ill\d pI'c;:eri·;ltioii .of tile Capito,1 and ClIpitol nel" a.~ the Ltgi$,l~tl,,.e of the Slate sh.lI direct.

SCrtl!t~e, ;0 me City of"\ :t~I;.i.rlgtQll. .. The clect"'''', when ""!l,.·"nellU'f\ the day, .-and. at t~e

[This. I'e£!l~'"tlon PI'0l'lJ:Jf:S UiAt the' re:g;.iI:\.lio!\~ (It'tlte I'l~(le p.-es(ll'ih'erl by 1!L"c for I.l\e puwp03e oj "01:,11\" fur COtpo~~tloll:of tIlf; City of W&<lihigt<l!l,. for tb~ pres'<!na· Pt<;:;;i.\{C;lt Imd Vice l?resid.mt. shall bve pQWeT,l~ eM" tion of the public pc[<ce, $:.c. lie exlemltld to the (}.1p'i';ol any of them s.iJ(l.lI fr.il to,"ttend be~u~ uoQn of 'Ii~.n (.tay" Sqn_. ant! i.hatthc IJl'esklill;; Qllk<)ts.()fthe two H;"lISe.lO' to d~(I,os" an EI'ec'rol', or Blllet,ols, m pla~e ,ofllllIl. 0)' tilem should. be Oll:ltb.o:m,ed t[) appoml, ~1Iru_l.alJy. 0. S\l.pertr.\tell. i ~~ fuUIl.g- ID l"IIt~IHL

dene, &c,l : " The <Iivblo!l Qf States ;'''''0 di .. lriclS, ~ hereby pro • . )'dr._lU:U. nlov<J:(l tosttike O<lt th~t plUl "'bid! pm. vided. -lor, sllilU t.\.k" I,lli¢'! immedil'tely :d~er th:is ,am~lld.

"."~,.a jor the. e .~lle"slQ'~ of the l,,,S",,htiOilS of th" CQ1'PQ·. mentsh.Rl! h;m~ been ,ndopted~ an(i ll~mcdlatdy alter ~;e:. 'l.""ttOll ; W!~dl ,~\.sc"'n~d, .: .y f~I~\l.J'e co:,nlMS· alld apport~.ontnellt of }l,epreae:!Imti.,,,,, . SGrn.e: (h~C~lsoi-OJl ~1I~ued bet",·ecl\ Messrs. MA(;rU',. ,llIdel' tlle.al11~·" A .. d ~bJ.~1\ districts sh~U not b~, allcred ]JBlL, BATON, U~o\.lUI{$0N, lm~NGlJ. Ilnd KANE. \mtil :liIl.oth.er ClIl1BUS ~hall. -have bClen tRken. aiid M!ip'

'1

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l' ' ' °ft.Cit' 'ri~ ',> ,rtrtiI.."tt~ ~if'ii~~' .

GAL1;-S>. cv,tom:A:'v~,f~'~Ji6 »Eilt

~~.'~~~==~==-=~~~~~~~~~==~~~~~~~====~~~==~~~~ ingd:i"Q!,(>c~ 1J:\(lllA"Il.,p!ll!§;(ld.ilJ·'.Decemb·er."I~'lt, i.t.Vi'.M!lOt ;;t~~ deoi$iQll'iu 1'''1'01'' Qfthel!lotkOllofindelillitc')lostplJneO E:ob~ble that nC,Y <Jo,,,,ec,ti~S'l~(!il.bl!r;:l),fQl'n)e'hillCtl- thi>.l : \,n~nt;., ufi<ler..d\G~,"~\iln~b.lt~:a..hal."mS'(l ~ost. se1.10U8' IJ'M,. .' . "J ., ..' .. ,' . 0 "cfleet on t.h" fUbl1'et'w;.I".ecb!:~:thilboI1l. '\tbat"wllJI the

'f'll~ bi~l ww ~b"n.Q'Hm'Otio:n:wfi~.J];4NDOLPlI" 1~~i(lob.te:cl'iQ<fi -t~'i:E1 : 1t"w~II ~<Il\:e 'time., '. What tj'rnl'} ? ~.h'. '011 the t:do)e:,.· ':'" ".' .' ",'" ""." , :' . ..' '.'" a.repeated bisfirni corwic.!iolj$.,tr.:rt,the dis>cus.~hHl woukl , The jOintl'eSqllil;.i\in <1JfectigrS':u!u1.vey Of cciltii'h riJli~es nolt' occopy mere thi)cl!ltili'ee ,dllYfi; The:' j)ril)cipies 've~ : [,.;<, wee;;' S\.I'ti.Ii,\ow'1l.iR:!. 'l"!i ill\(ldplhi~,' fQ!':>:pI>St l~d;' was simple; bm ·th" . .d,etails, ,tih(}llgl~llompll<:'.ted,.·'wer:e '" matter reacl "-. thin)! tin~,· all,l, ~~5" _n, by ye~s Im<l. ruVS:,' lIS Ofo1. of mere m'"iIte'~I~nw:m.elll'it\) carry thep~inc['PI~ in!o lpl)l~; ,th ... Pl-e.~.-Il';nt !,"'YHlg'. ,t,be co.s.tmg vote m. tile nf· .",:!Tect. .It w~s·.but lUSUCo:<lo,:thOlie''''lw ·felt !Iltert'~ied In mi3:w.t;~e, '" .' ,... .: . r .' , .: the lMU to pTotedLful1,the i.l1~·c.t1go.ti<"1 till tbe·oJ;ffictllti~ . '. !~1c-r.~~~: p*~-on. Clim!(ll~'ers'.'Clllt;e. 'E\lto,Il" Ed. slum.kl.b<o pr;ol,,*l.tn ~xi:rt".-~nc1. iil~t;ca'$e;b1:shmllll wa.ros, lPm(ilny, HlllTIS'Jll, 'Hendl·,ckS;. Helmes, J,obll~r>n, be d1.pool,,1 to layth,r.)"[>lll,o.m the tl<ble. . He .hoped, h(lw,

J~rJfll:'" . ((a!le, Knight, 1./l0),d1 "!>Jm:ks, ~oble •. lwl;!i!ns;'. ever that thls. course would not be pursued till an e)l;]?<;rj:.

RlJ!gg<le~ .. $e'YrflOlit', Th.\ltn,,_19. " .... ment I~ll_(l heel) malle on the subject. . "

'~;\,Y'S°~M~~jj"'. Bell, ReMon, E'lr.:l.i'lch, Ch~J;ldl,c.r,()hIY·,. 'M.:!:",r.t,oYj),;s<>icl, thi~ """,,,s a. m""'-S"I'\~ IMy called fell" t<tln, l}ickel'&m, H~r(l<:w; Hay-fie, King-; )fucoo; lhI\doll'li.i f~nuli .parts (If th.e COffi\l'loorc\.l (lOllil'll.un!!;,; a'p~ti\iol'l ltO)'/Jl:fI; $an£OI-d, Tazewell, Vru\ lWl.','m, 'White.' Winey, : !loom Ol>in.hail beenpcescneed in ;:t~'£''''Ot; "L-rrge com-

Williams, Woodhllry-l9,' " '.' mitt<:e had bestowed gre:.tla1'lol'ln,i!.r-epa\,h\g (he "pl'e!>e'lt

BANKRUI','i' . BU.Jj. ' bill, 'and ar~ll?tti·n~. tOl' tfl.e ~ke" of m'g\lmel;t, tl1flt,the~C;

. '. . ' . I was not"suffiment ~me to get It throLl,gh both Houses, If

'-"h~ Senate then, a.gTee"MytQ tI,e~p¢ciRIQ1r(let"llf.t1te ;m.e:~e·"'~5tlm.ew,:lCton.il !~"I'e; 'liUlt wOlild be a b'TeRt d,~y;; :(}t;i;: uR tl~e bi.U 00 e~tab!;~, a \!rufoml system of poj~"t.g'l;n"1' Ne:s:t ftS8io""'olll<l be ... ~'ery lim, ted one, .inv;nkrCl'tcy:tI\J'Otlgl'iollt the l)li;ted S.tM¢$,· _. , : tbev would TI..'We 100 tnneto !,'rcpnTe", b'dl t!~en; or to go ?Il,'. 1Hl!;CH IID.O""'c\. to ·prn."t!>one the l,ill iJl(lefinite1y .. i illto' the dis.::llS~i('ll. of it at length. The Chail"lll;ll1 ofthe

.. ~r,> .. H;o\Y!'1E, said h~ Wll~ w;Hir;l\ that the 'lllcStion_ on : "ommitt~·e had devoted n great. .d.eal ofume,to- the '!Ie~;. th.e, Pl"\!POS1t101l sho.rkl 11C taken ,V)tn<>l,t (!ebat4, PJ'i!"'~led . Stl;C,· WlllO!! "'M one much 'lTil"ted. I)J the c.om'1illll1lt,Y·: the ~O.il'{'" \l'~lIM. be 'p!'",p':L~cd t() cons;~er it. as It test IJfl and he hop,ed he would bet :IUOl~:ed to (l;",velop'~;~ ..-le\l's the, proMlple !I!>,(lh~ 111 t~,e b'11 •. ,,"d, W:lt 'It,,,".<: wh~ ~o.t- 011 th" ~llbJ"<:t" T!~" ",Ie 1m:. d(,mg business w!m:h.. had ed m my", r of the meuon s~\Qlllti tl,.,~ Il"hc;.t<! t~)e qP":,,ofl; .. b·eelll>dopt.:-d Ilt the fot>i;se-,\,'Oll of the geaUcmm 1'1-<1111 th.llt it was not expc(l.i.e,lt to. vote (ot·. it t1nclel' :-my ci .. c:,~rn'··1 M'ssom';, had bee» the ''''~_~,ns .... 1' fljoJ,",:l business J'>l1ing .st:Ui{;~'f"Yi1.ILievcl·,. Sh{)'\i[1l it he the cipinio,y Ofth:e Seriat~ done ill ()·ru.e w~ek, ~lllll! bild b"~l'l,dQne in foUl' months bethat i.t ')!Ig:l~ttQ be acted on, '~h, H. ~i"l hie s[loill.'l.d I'ro'· ful'l}.i\~I:-' L bel.[",'edth'ww9,~1d be :wl.!:' to despatch a]1 pose ttl take up the bill; and iflt shouldbe d;,seo>:eJ'e;j, I the i),1siness they hru1 bdor~ tbam, <ii!d ,t'e hoped. theredur-ing i!s 1'1:"h'1:<"'" t.h.at it ',,,<IS likely' to occupy' I .orc fore, tile "Illoti(lJ) would not obt.~ill~ but that the bUI would Ilim~ 'th~ri \I,:" ·s"w.te could affol'd to hesi;o',,; (Hl it; he be t .. k"" up,. ~I,;d acted '011., ami p,_d. tlll'Ough this

should l1~\\"e ;;0 .. !)j<.lcti,ooll to its beil)g" la1(i oil the tub!". Hel\l$.... .. " .... '

Be \\'(l$ $~ti.tie,l, however, that thi9' would Il,ot be the Mk. HWTON $lilI1. th~t, tell oJ:'flfl:"~n d~)'SllJ!:II, Ire haU! C~St;j *-'fld t;ut flit. bil], MtwiU1St.'l!l!li!Jg its len&<ih; illl,ld'flli:' m".",d eo .esl;\lbll~h a rule to !>Iter tbe mode-of ·do'ng- busihnportant pl~"cipl<is ir,volv.:d in rt, wOl>ld. not take. more I ,\ • .,.5)111 the SCIlMe. which rule \V"5 I.OW mld~' b<l:.'le.lici:o:! dl'Ul t "'0.0:' tin'c.;;" a a, :ys i(>l",i't~ <.H>$CIJ~siQn,. ' I e1)~r"ti{JJl' There ~MallOthel' one.he .wi$~etl to propose,

,Mr' .. FL ... p!..Ali said he ,had !~ot yet ~,ar1 ttrne to exa- 11'1110::11, !(!r<drp''lltticall',tl°pose s,: would max., t~~e three .mmo:; the p.rmc'J)le~ <11' the clet", L of I~:b'l!; ]'C .. j,ould,l1?t: 110,:"1.11,,, ".OSS'OI,1 IOllg"CI'tb:ll1 :O.IIY tl'l"eI"ar~' ;c?l10n·h<:.l"',,' "O~I~'dei.' h!>1l$dfa~ 1l1",dgcd.to rote In :fa~OI' of the bill i refore. "i'tlC)' knew, fo!" tJoey W'ere ~u. profe ss I.O>:tal mel1, ,£io<~Iy.,bt\t :$il(li:,I<lI'.ote-a~'"l!i.n8~ the pl'es,:llt tnQti,)tj:, ,! that soine progl\c5S~nd heellmilk,ing fbI' the last three "I'

.. if. IH',~~I'ON .$u",l b,,"was 1II hI'''' ,of· tlle lllot.on; It :fOlIr.i]ltl.l(lredycu,1I'l 11\ m'lttcl'S: 01. commOll sense ~ for ~ wlis t!!e ap;p1'.?pl'I~.t" one Itt ,th,s ~imc, A I1IPtj(m topoot. I Io"~ t!rlloc. it wa~ the .CtlS(Olll in. c,"lOty court. to. st,Hler s'~lit .. pO'le 'ndd;1Jlrtdy was " ..... lIy 1ll",1", to :ret ml, ro,' the'! to dHl Ilt tihe.t{eilth of tho ~'IIJg,. ~n<.l tium .0 b~,g"" "~m ; s .. "~i"n, Of'ot·lIljbj.~CL. whieh it ,v::.s "hh",' lnel>pedtcnt til i lmt I't w~3''fmmtl <lilt, aftn the [j);p3~ of C<'lltl'll'i.::.;;; to be jl'IS~. OJ" tlnwis,e to disC\lss ... Ml'. iB. "~ioelh,,, l~i<.LnQt th'Il!P:! just "s', well tlmt \h.eoo guit. should· nev"r c1i" to b-<:<g.in It tithe~ useful OJ' ~;q;c(.tieiFIt to i!;!>ClISS this q(te~ti·(jl\ :It: again: BO. thc'V had iuuncll)ut in tlle U(lU!Ie \lfR~pi'CselltnJ tlti.s ""os'lon:' 011 aCCoUllt 0·£ the late r~I'k'd.oj'ttH' !I~$$i(jll> I thcs, th~t.it ,"ould h :just :l:Swoelt dlei,. bnsiness shQuM 'ohlle lll"lpossibility of getting: ,I l.b.ronglt ~,oth Uo .. "~, i not dIe. at the end of the session,. The Selll.te, :Mr. I.l. e"cl> ',fit ~hQiLLld I)."';; ·the Sem,U!, he lhrmgbt 1b~ I11m:1o;t i s"id~.n:,,·v(lr. died, :md he thought i~' would be'well to wlu<llll",d beel.l l1"o~d" \OM t~,{: prol)<'.l'<)"C. '.V!Ien ~l.k'L I impruve on ·this commol1·i;~,~$e pl':>.ctice, al3.[t.'o try to get (ill, he ;;1:1",,1<1 "<l,e Em: th~TO(Jli.O;l), bl1t not On the gNl<fncl i .. rule esfoJ.blis'be·d •. th"'t the 'bu)l;lIes.< of the Serrate should on whicll·Ul"l;'el'lUema.11 frill.n SOlitfl (;:l:t()li'l;t wi$hcd the !1l0~ <li(: "Ube ~[,<l of ""cI, term, but beCOl'ltimlc·(]. OI'e1"t(). vote' shollld b" p lo.ccd.. . 'I the ~ccond session. to be to.ken Up:l" it ;s tlOW {f,klen' lip:

~h, UOL\H'::s w['"~ $g'll,n8t the mot,on, fc·r the cJflposite CH,rV M!mda,v m01'nillll', aft~l' the .ae:iOllrnme·nt 011 8.111.1:· i'e~~U\\. l't:II'$ imymmmt it, Slln\lloh· be kllt.Will WhCU1"'1' I dny:?l-ll". II. 8aidh~ stnt't!d tl,i,q in1N'piy to the g,ml:femlln the S<l ... "'tli: w.o~·'l~ b? \1.'imr.l;f '" i':~-';, OJ l.m.u~~'llpl bHl ')I',lIot: f~Q:n Ma~5'1dl1.lsetts.> w bo coml'lait,ei\ of·.the l(A;;'H~.r ti:me

}.[r. CnA..\lBE;'Rl> though'! the VI~": 01 the g,eutit<tllil.flwlw.;h <JCCtll','c.1"tthe e(Omn.,c.':'1::M~"liiltQr e~cl,~eOll.'O'I"fo·r 'u'mll Sou!h f:'Il'o!il\:t il. f"il' .. me~;lnpty tonmrm or <leuy ";'\I'Il. ot ;;omething: til do, or in Pl'll'Pf"'in>15 bill" ,wel' Il.ll"'in, ,the Pl·opo"i.ti:m. It \W~ j,llpm't""" to tile l'Lople of Ill,e Ml', g, ~tltt"d his·il.:""ti"", to brlllg:he su['.ie.<:t Ibrwmu" ·couimy,tu as~flj;J.p.in \yhether tll~I'e. wa ... f} d,ispooilill''l to, ~mU to leBve it to tire g,fil"ato: m,lc,cicie lI,helller tl.,,),

" ;pa;s" tiu',biU ()!' !lOt. . . WOI'!I<.i 'l(>~e a' mOllth at die cC)mmellce.mcLlt of (;r<1"ry ;;cs-

.' Mr. KING. moyed to I"y Ih",.hltl au. th.e tahle, ",,,Ill [lSi-Oil. for w~nt of subj ec-ts. to "ct upo",

\'ie,,,, ofmlli,;S" it ~Ip.;"ta f~tur" ~m",if~h,:" b\l.i'~,e,5", <:F'the ThJ(; ~llJeS,tloH ".·as l,h(1.'~ t:l.kc.nllllthc:jJlll~fillite 1Hl:stp.0l.le; Seu.t", should pel·mlt .. he <l"-p.""e,l h.s mtent,<Jl\ oti vet- IJ1.t;!!t of ,b" bill'."l.l)d dec.d",1 m the nCID'tlyc. by y.,,0.:I1111.,-

hig- in r""o~' of t!H~ bill : u"i.~rr. K.wH:hdl'<lW hi. m:>tkm "")is,~;s lblJ.C>IY~' " .. '.' .

·atthe request d' 'Y!;AS-Mesm",. Ikntoll, 1l1'1l.rn;eb,Ch~ndJ'T, King, :.'I~n, '. !.ri". H .... yIl'iB, who ':lid, th<lt the· "ic\\, hkcli by til" C'O!l.,.i!1lRl'ks" ·!It:olld.olph, Rut'S1~.i;,'Fa;;:ewdl, Willey, WU·

g4llitler.-.anft"'!1l UiSiOUl"i waa.;me of.s'lch:l~clllll"ct.er tll.at Ha,m"'_"U .. , : . . ' •.... '. _. .

·l,e'lno;;gllt p~ope~' \Q ~,tate to the Se{f~te, tlliLt tie I'e·g:rrdc-d N .. r'lS-Mi)5Sr~1 BartfJ:\vBclt.,Berri.en,l!Q14I,gny > CIl1l.I1J'"

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