MEDIA RELEASE

(April 05, 2011)

FROM:

Dr. Ana Maria L. Tabunda Chief Research Fellow Pulse Asia, Inc. Pulse Asia’s March 2011 Nationwide Survey on Natural Disasters and Disaster Preparedness

RE:

Pulse Asia is pleased to share with you some findings on Natural Disasters and Disaster Preparedness from the March 2011 Ulat ng Bayan national survey. We request you to assist us in informing the public by disseminating this information. The survey fieldwork was conducted from February 24 to March 6, 2011 using face-to-face interviews. Prior to and during the conduct of the interviews for this survey, the following developments dominated the headlines: (1) the impeachment proceedings against Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez at the House of Representatives; (2) the congressional investigations into the plea-bargaining agreement entered into by former Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Comptroller Ret. Maj. Gen. Carlos Garcia, as well as the alleged corruption involving former high-ranking military officials per the testimonies of former AFP Budget Officer Ret. Lt. Col. George Rabusa and former COA Auditor Heidi Mendoza; (3) the diplomatic row between the Philippines and Taiwan over the deportation of 14 Taiwanese nationals to China; (4) government efforts to save three Filipinos facing execution in China for drug trafficking; (5) the commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the EDSA Revolution; (6) the evacuation of Filipinos in Libya amidst the ongoing civil unrest in the country; (7) the earthquake in New Zealand that took the lives of several Filipinos; (8) the replacement of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) Secretary, the confirmation of

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some presidential cabinet appointees, the proposed filing of administrative charges versus the Land Transportation Office (LTO) Chief for alleged complicity in the failed takeover of the LTO’s information technology systems contractor Stradcom in December 2010 and the appointment of a new AFP Chief of Staff; and (9) the continuing increase in the prices of petroleum products and the prices of other commodities. As in our previous surveys, this nationwide survey is based on a sample of 1,200 representative adults 18 years old and above. It has a ± 3% error margin at the 95% confidence level. Subnational estimates for each of the geographic areas covered in the survey (i.e., Metro Manila, the rest of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao) have a ± 6% error margin, also at 95% confidence level. Those interested in further technical details concerning the survey's questionnaire and sampling design may request Pulse Asia in writing for fuller details, including copies of the pre-tested questions actually used. Pulse Asia’s pool of academic fellows takes full responsibility for the design and conduct of the survey, as well as for analyses it makes based on the survey data. In keeping with our academic nature, no religious, political, economic, or partisan group influenced any of these processes. Pulse Asia undertakes Ulat ng Bayan surveys on its own without any party singularly commissioning the research effort. For any clarification or questions, kindly contact Prof. Ronald D. Holmes, Pulse Asia President at +819060446597 or Dr. Ana Maria Tabunda, Pulse Asia Chief Research Fellow at 09189436816.

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Pulse Asia’s March 2011 Ulat ng Bayan Survey: Media Release on Natural Disasters and Disaster Preparedness 05 April 2011 Most of the respondents interviewed for this survey report that they were not affected by any typhoon, heavy downpour or continuous rains since October 2010 (73%) Majorities across geographic areas (67% to 85%) and socio-economic groupings (70% to 88%) were not affected by any typhoon, heavy downpour or continuous rains since October 2010. On the other hand, across geographic regions, 15% in the Visayas to 33% in Metro Manila say they were affected by these calamities while across socio-economic classes, figures range from 12% in Class ABC to 30% in Class E. Across provinces covered in the March 2011 survey, a majority of those in Cagayan (63%) report being affected by such calamities, with 43% of them saying some of the properties inside their homes were destroyed, 36% reporting the destruction or loss of their livelihood and 26% claiming some parts of their houses were destroyed. (Please refer to Tables 1 and 2)
Table 1 WHETHER OR NOT THE RESPONDENT OR ANY MEMBER OF HIS/HER FAMILY WERE AFFECTED BY A TYPHOON, HEAVY DOWNPOUR, CONTINUOUS RAINS SINCE OCTOBER 2010
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (In Percent) Base: Total Interviews, 100% Were you or any member of your family who lives here affected in any of the following ways by a typhoon, heavy downpour or continuous rains that affected the Philippines since October 2010? Yes Some of our property inside the house were destroyed. Some parts of the house were destroyed Our house was flooded Our livelihood was destroyed or lost Crops Other businesses Others None

RP 27 17 9 10 11 10 1 5 73

NCR 33 27 9 22 0 0 0 12 67

LOCATION BAL LUZ VIS 32 21 14 8 13 12 1 5 68 15 10 5 8 5 5 0 1 85

CLASS MIN 26 10 3 8 16 16 1 4 74 ABC 12 8 4 6 2 1 1 5 88 D 28 17 8 10 12 11 1 5 72 E 30 20 12 10 10 10 0 6 70

Q157. Kayo ba o sinumang miyembro ng inyong pamilya na nakatira dito ay naapektuhan sa anuman sa mga sumusunod na paraan ng bagyo, matinding pag-ulan o sunod-sunod na araw ng pag-ulan na nakaapekto sa Pilipinas simula Oktubre 2010? (SHOWCARD)

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Table 2 WHETHER FAMILY WAS AFFECTED BY TYPHOON SINCE OCTOBER 2010 BY PROVINCE
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (Row Percent)

Base: Total Interviews, 100%

(Estimated Population
Demographic variables

Percentage)

YES 27 33 63 15 33 25 29 21 21 25

Some of our property inside the house were destroyed 17 27 43 12 23 24 12 11 7 13

Some parts of the house were destroyed 9 9 26 11 11 9 7 1 3 8

Our house was flooded 10 22 16 3 12 18 9 10 5 5

Our livelihood was destroyed or lost 11 0 36 3 12 1 19 10 12 14

Crops 10 0 33 1 11 1 19 9 11 14

Other businesses 1 0 3 1 2 0 1 1 1 0

Others 5 12 20 0 2 1 3 2 6 5

None 73 67 37 85 67 75 71 79 79 75

Total Philippines NCR CAGAYAN BULACAN BATANGAS NEGROS OCCIDENTAL CEBU ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR DAVAO DEL SUR OTHERS

(100%) (13%) (4%) (11%) (15%) (6%) (6%) (6%) (12%) (27%)

Q157. Kayo ba o sinumang miyembro ng inyong pamilya na nakatira dito ay naapektuhan sa anuman sa mga sumusunod na paraan ng bagyo, matinding pag-ulan o sunod-sunod na araw ng pag-ulan na nakaapekto sa Pilipinas simula Oktubre 2010? (SHOWCARD)

Among those who were affected (27%), most say they did not receive any form of assistance or service from the government to help them cope with the effects of these natural calamities Seven (7) in ten (10) of those affected by these calamities since October 2010 claim that they did not receive any service or assistance from the government to help them cope with the effects of such calamities (70%). Majorities in every geographic area (61% to 86%) and socio-economic class (69% to 70%) failed to receive any help from government. Meanwhile, the most often-cited assistance received by those affected by the calamities is relief goods (26%). More of those in the rest of Luzon report having received relief goods compared to those in the Visayas and Mindanao (34% versus 11% to 14%). Among those who did receive some form of help from the government, 77% consider relief goods to be the most important form of assistance extended to them by the government. (Please refer to Tables 3 and 4)

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Table 3 SERVICES OR ASSISTANCE RECEIVED FROM THE GOVERNMENT
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (In Percent) Base: Those Affected by Typhoons, 27% LOCATION BAL LUZ VIS 34 4 4 1 3 0 0 0 11 1 1 2 1 7 0 0 CLASS MIN 14 4 3 2 0 1 0 0 ABC 19 10 5 12 0 0 0 0 D 26 2 4 0 2 1 0 0 E 26 6 2 3 2 0 0 0

Services or assistance received from the government Relief Goods Rescue Medical or Dental Missions Clean-Up Housing Materials Financial Assistance Funeral or Burial Assistance Nagprovide ang barangay ng evacuation center None

RP 26 4 3 2 2 1 0.2 0.2

NCR 25 4 4 3 0 0 1 1

70

71

61

86

84

69

70

70

Q158. SA MGA SUMAGOT NG OO: Alin sa mga sumusunod na serbisyo o tulong ang inyong natanggap mula sa pamahalaan bilang pagtugon sa epekto ng bagyo, matinding pag-ulan o sunod-sunod na araw ng pag-ulan? Batay po sa mga nabanggit ninyo, alin po ang pinakamahalagang tulong na inyong nakuha? Pangalawang pinakamahalaga? Pangatlong pinakamahalaga?

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Table 4 SERVICES OR ASSISTANCE RECEIVED FROM THE GOVERNMENT: FIRST MOST IMPORTANT
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (In Percent) Base: Those who Received Assistance from the Government, 8% LOCATION BAL LUZ VIS 82 5 8 5 0 0 36 7 0 0 43 14 CLASS MIN 78 22 0 0 0 0 ABC 46 15 0 0 0 40 D 79 3 9 5 3 0 E 78 15 3 0 1 1

Services or assistance received from the government Relief Goods Rescue Medical or Dental Missions Housing Materials Financial Assistance Clean-Up Nagprovide ang barangay ng evacuation center Funeral or Burial Assistance

RP 77 8 7 3 2 2

NCR 72 7 10 0 0 7

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Q158. SA MGA SUMAGOT NG OO: Alin sa mga sumusunod na serbisyo o tulong ang inyong natanggap mula sa pamahalaan bilang pagtugon sa epekto ng bagyo, matinding pag-ulan o sunod-sunod na araw ng pag-ulan? Batay po sa mga nabanggit ninyo, alin po ang pinakamahalagang tulong na inyong nakuha? Pangalawang pinakamahalaga? Pangatlong pinakamahalaga?

Reported time of receipt of governmental assistance and sufficiency of assistance received Among those who were fortunate to receive some form of government assistance as a result of the calamities they experienced since October 2010, 26% say they received such help within one (1) to two (2) days after the calamity hit them, 23% did so within 24 hours and 20% report that it took a week before they got help. Additionally, 14% say it took either three (3) to four (4) days or more than a week before government assistance reached them while 3% got help within five (5) to six (6) days. (Please refer to Table 5)

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Table 5 TIME THE RESPONDENT RECEIVE THE MOST IMPORTANT SERVICE OR ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY THE GOVERNMENT
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (In Percent) Base: Those who Received Assistance from the Government, 8% You mentioned awhile ago that (FIRST MENTIONED) is the most important assistance you have received. Can you please mention how fast did you receive the service or assistance provided to you by the government? RP NCR Within 24 hours One to two days Three to four days Five to six days One week More than one week 23 26 14 3 20 14 31 28 24 0 14 3

LOCATION BAL LUZ VIS 23 20 15 5 20 16 22 71 0 0 7 0

CLASS MIN 11 34 0 0 33 22 ABC 29 11 44 0 16 0 D 18 25 19 3 19 16 E 32 28 2 5 22 11

Q159. FOR FIRST MENTIONED IN Q158, PLEASE ASK: Nasabi po ninyo kanina na (FIRST MENTIONED) ang pinakamahalagang tulong na inyong nakuha. Maaari po bang malaman kung gaano kabilis ang tugon o tulong na naibigay sa inyo ng pamahalaan?

With regard to the service or assistance considered by the respondents to be the most important help they received from the government, 61% say such relief/assistance was insufficient – a view shared by majorities across geographic areas (57% to 63%) and socio-economic classes (57% to 68%) – while 64% consider the other forms of assistance they received to be effective. The latter sentiment is expressed by at least half of those in the different geographic areas (50% to 100%) and socio-economic classes (60% to 73%). In contrast, 39% say the relief/assistance they received was proved to be sufficient for their needs while 17% are of the view that the other forms of assistance they received were not effective. (Please refer to Table 6)

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Table 6 WHETHER OR NOT RELIEF GOODS OR ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY THE GOVERNMENT IS ENOUGH
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (In Percent) Base: Those who Received Relief and Assistance from the Government, 7% You mentioned awhile ago that (FIRST MENTIONED) is the most important assistance you have received. In you own opinion, the service or assistance provided by the government is….? RP More than enough Enough Not enough --39 61

NCR --43 57

LOCATION BAL LUZ VIS --38 62 --37 63

CLASS MIN --42 58 ABC --36 64 D --43 57 E --32 68

Q160A. FOR FIRST MENTIONED IN Q158, PLEASE ASK: Nasabi po ninyo kanina na (FIRST MENTIONED) ang pinakamahalagang tulong na inyong nakuha, sa inyong palagay, ang tugon o tulong ba na nabigay ng pamahalaan ay ... ? (SHOWCARD)

For most Filipinos (56%), the national government should prioritize early warning in order to prepare for future natural calamities/disasters For nearly six (6) in ten (10) Filipinos (56%), the national government should prioritize early warning mechanisms as part of its disaster preparedness program – an opinion articulated by near to sizeable majorities across geographic areas (50% to 65%) and socio-economic groupings (49% to 65%). Mindanao is an exception, with only 38% supporting this view. On the other hand, 19% of Filipinos favor the prioritization of stockpiling of relief goods, 16% would like the government to focus on identifying and fixing evacuation centers and 10% think the government should prioritize the purchase of equipments like rubber boats and life jackets. For the most part, levels of support for these different initiatives across geographic areas and socio-economic classes do not vary much from the overall levels. However, Mindanaoans are more in favor of government prioritizing the identification and repair of evacuation centers than Filipinos in general (29% versus 16%). (Please refer to Table 7)

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Table 7 GOVERNMENT'S TOP PRIORITY FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
February 24 - March 6, 2011 / Philippines (In Percent) Base: Total Interviews, 100% In your opinion, what should be the government’s top priority for disaster preparedness like earthquakes, typhoons, floods and eruption of a volcano? RP Early warning Stockpiling of relief goods Identifying and fixing evacuation centers Buy equipments like rubber boats, life jackets, etc. Cleaning the environment 56 19 16 10

NCR 64 10 13 13

LOCATION BAL LUZ VIS 65 15 11 8 50 23 14 13

CLASS MIN 38 25 29 8 ABC 65 11 10 14 D 58 17 16 9 E 49 23 17 11

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Q161. Sa inyong palagay, ano ang dapat bigyan ng pamahalaan ng pinakamalaking prioridad para mapaghandaan ng mabuti ang mga kalamidad tulad ng lindol, pagbagyo, pagbaha, at pagputok ng bulkan? (SHOWCARD)

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