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Please donate to keep Wikipedia free. If everyone reading this donated $5 our fundraiser would be over today. Please donate to keep Wikipedia free. $1.8M left $14.2M raised Please help <http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Special:LandingCheck?landing_page=WMFJA060& language=en&country=IN&utm_source=20101229_JAFS004fader_EN&utm_medium=sitenotice &utm_campaign=20101229JA088_EN> Close <#> 3G From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation <#mw-head>, search <#p-search> " Third generation" redirects here. For third-generation immigrants, see Immigrant generations </wiki/Immigrant_generations>. *International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT — 2000)*, better known as *3G* or *3rd Generation*, is a generation of standards for mobile phones </wiki/Mobile_phone> and mobile telecommunications </wiki/Mobile_telecommunications> services fulfilling specifications by the International Telecommunication Union </wiki/International_Telecommunication_Union>.^ <#cite_note-0> Application services include wide-area wireless voice telephone </wiki/Telephone>, mobile Internet </wiki/Mobile_Internet> access, video calls </wiki/Videotelephony> and mobile TV </wiki/Multimedia_Broadcast_Multicast_Service>, all in a mobile environment. Compared to the older 2G </wiki/2G> and 2.5G </wiki/2.5G> standards, a 3G system must allow simultaneous use of speech and data services, and provide peak data rates of at least 200 kbit/s </wiki/Kbps> according to the IMT-2000 specification. Recent 3G releases, often denoted 3.5G </wiki/3.5G> and 3.75G </wiki/3.75G>, also provide mobile broadband </wiki/Mobile_broadband> access of several Mbit/s </wiki/Mbps> to laptop computers and smartphones </wiki/Smartphone>. The following standards are typically branded 3G: * the UMTS </wiki/UMTS> system, first offered in 2001, standardized by 3GPP </wiki/3GPP>, used primarily in Europe, Japan, China (however with a different radio interface) and other regions predominated by GSM </wiki/GSM> 2G </wiki/2G> system infrastructure. The cell phones are typically UMTS and GSM hybrids. Several radio interfaces are offered, sharing the same infrastructure: o The original and most widespread radio interface is called W-CDMA </wiki/W-CDMA>. o The TD-SCDMA </wiki/TD-SCDMA> radio interface, was commercialised in 2009 and is only offered in China. o The latest UMTS release, HSPA+ </wiki/HSPA%2B>, can provide peak data rates up to 56 Mbit/s in the downlink in theory (28 Mbit/s in existing services) and 22 Mbit/s in the uplink. * the CDMA2000 </wiki/CDMA2000> system, first offered in 2002,
3 Iraq <#Iraq> o 3. DECT </wiki/DECT> cordless phones and Mobile WiMAX </wiki/Mobile_WiMAX> standards formally also fulfill the IMT-2000 requirements and are approved as 3G standards by ITU. The latest release EVDO </wiki/EVDO> Rev B offers peak rates of 14.6 China <#China> o 3.standardized by 3GPP2 </wiki/3GPP2>. In 1999. however sometimes branded "4G" by the service providers.9G").2 Canada <#Canada> o 3.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=1>] Overview The 3G (UMTS and CDMA2000) research and development projects shahrukh in 1992. these are typically not branded 3G. ITU approved five radio interfaces for IMT-2000 as a part of the ITU-R M. The above systems and radio interfaces are based on kindred spread spectrum </wiki/Spread_spectrum> radio transmission technology.5 Syria <#Syria> o 3.4 Philippines <#Philippines> o 3. A new generation of cellular standards has appeared approximately every tenth year since 1G </wiki/1G> systems were introduced in 1981/1982. While the GSM EDGE </wiki/Enhanced_Data_Rates_for_GSM_Evolution> standard ("2.7 North Korea <#North_Korea> o 3. First release LTE is not backwards compatible with 3G.1 Europe <#Europe> o 3. sharing infrastructure with the IS-95 </wiki/IS-95> 2G standard.8 Africa <#Africa> o 3.9G> technology. but is a pre-4G or 3. WiMAX </wiki/WiMAX> is another technology verging on or marketed as 4G </wiki/4G>.^ <#cite_note-1> There are *evolutionary standards* that are backwards-compatible extensions to pre-existing 2G </wiki/2G> networks as well as . WiMAX </wiki/WiMAX> was added in 2007. The cell phones are typically CDMA2000 and IS-95 hybrids.9G </wiki/3. The first release of the 3GPP Long Term Evolution </wiki/3GPP_Long_Term_Evolution> (LTE) standard does not completely fulfill the ITU 4G requirements called IMT-Advanced.1 Data rates <#Data_rates> o 4. Contents [hide <#>] * 1 Overview <#Overview> * 2 History <#History> * 3 Adoption <#Adoption> o 3.2 Security <#Security> * 5 Applications <#Applications> * 6 Evolution <#Evolution> * 7 References <#References> [edit </w/index.7 Mbit/s downstreams. Each generation is characterized by new frequency bands.1457 Recommendation. higher data rates and non backwards compatible transmission technology. used especially in North America and South Korea. and are based on completely different technologies.9 India <#India> * 4 Features <#Features> o 4.
W-CDMA is sometimes used as a synonym for UMTS. 4.16 </wiki/IEEE_802. ignoring the other air interface options.28 Mcps low chip rate (LCR) While EDGE </wiki/Enhanced_Data_Rates_for_GSM_Evolution> fulfills the 3G specifications.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=2>] History The first pre-commercial 3G network was best launched by NTT DoCoMo . *^ <#cite_ref-10>* also known as UTRA-TDD 3. *^ <#cite_ref-4>* Can also be used as an upgrade to PDC </wiki/Personal_Digital_Cellular> or D-AMPS </wiki/D-AMPS>. Asia. *^ <#cite_ref-11>* also known as UTRA-TDD 1. some others CDMA Direct Spread (IMT DS) UMTS </wiki/Universal_Mobile_Telecommunications_System>^[nb 3] <#cite_note-8> W-CDMA </wiki/W-CDMA_(UMTS)>^[nb 4] <#cite_note-9> HSPA </wiki/High_Speed_Packet_Access> LTE </wiki/3GPP_Long_Term_Evolution> family of revolutionary standards.^ <#cite_note-qualcomm-5> 3. USA IP OFDMA WiMAX </wiki/WiMAX> (IEEE 802. most GSM/UMTS phones report EDGE ("2. *^ <#cite_ref-9>* also known as UTRA-FDD.^ <#cite_note-3gppsyn-7> UMTS is the common name for a standard that encompasses multiple air interfaces </wiki/Air_interface>.84 Mcps high chip rate (HCR) 6.16>) OFDMA </wiki/Orthogonal_frequency-division_multiple_access> worldwide 1. *^ <#cite_ref-6>* development halted in favour of LTE. worldwide CDMA TDD (IMT TC) TD CDMA </wiki/TD-CDMA>^[nb 5] <#cite_note-10> TDD </wiki/Time-division_duplex> Europe TD SCDMA </wiki/TD-SCDMA>^[nb 6] <#cite_note-11> China FDMA/TDMA (IMT FT) DECT </wiki/Digital_Enhanced_Cordless_Telecommunications> /none/ FDMA </wiki/Frequency-division_multiple_access>/TDMA </wiki/Time_division_multiple_access> short-range. [edit </w/index. except Japan and South Korea CDMA Multi Carrier (IMT MC) CDMA2000 </wiki/CDMA2000> EV-DO </wiki/EV-DO> UMB </wiki/Ultra_Mobile_Broadband>^[nb 2] <#cite_note-6> CDMA </wiki/Code_division_multiple_access> evolutionary upgrade to cdmaOne </wiki/CdmaOne> (IS-95) Americas.*revolutionary standards* that require all-new networks and frequency allocations.^ <#cite_note-2> The latter group is the UMTS </wiki/Universal_Mobile_Telecommunications_System> family. which consists of standards developed for IMT-2000. 2.75G") and UMTS ("3G") functionality.^ <#cite_note-3gppsyn-7> 5. standard for cordless phones Europe. Overview of 3G/IMT-2000 standards^ <#cite_note-3> ITU IMT-2000 common name(s) bandwidth of data pre-4G </wiki/4G> duplex </wiki/Duplex_(telecommunications)> channel </wiki/Channel_access_method> description geographical areas TDMA Single Carrier (IMT SC) EDGE </wiki/Enhanced_Data_Rates_for_GSM_Evolution> (UWC-136) EDGE Evolution </wiki/Evolved_EDGE> /none/ FDD </wiki/Frequency-division_duplex> TDMA </wiki/Time_division_multiple_access> evolutionary upgrade to GSM/GPRS </wiki/GSM>^[nb 1] <#cite_note-4> worldwide. as well as the independently developed standards DECT </wiki/DECT> and WiMAX </wiki/WiMAX>. which were included because they fit the IMT-2000 definition. *^ <#cite_ref-8>* also known as FOMA.
jpg </w/index. The first commercial 3G network was launched by Hutchison Telecommunications branded as /Three/ in March 2003. In Asia. on CDMA2000 </wiki/CDMA2000> 1x EV-DO technology. [[File:Example. The first pre-commercial demonstration network in the southern hemisphere was built in Adelaide </wiki/Adelaide>. . according to the Global Mobile Suppliers Association (GSA). These were both on the W-CDMA technology.php?title=Monet_Mobile_Networks&action=edit&redlink=1>. The first commercial United States 3G network was by Monet Mobile Networks </w/index. The second 3G network operator in the USA was Verizon Wireless </wiki/Verizon_Wireless> in October 2003 also on CDMA2000 1x EV-DO.^ <#cite_note-16> In Europe the leading country is Italy with a third of its subscribers migrated to 3G. Canada and the USA. 190 3G networks were operating in 40 countries and 154 HSDPA </wiki/HSDPA> networks were operating in 71 countries. South Australia </wiki/South_Australia> by m. This was a demonstration network for the 2002 IT World Congress.Net Corporation in February 2002 using UMTS on 2100 MHz.</wiki/NTT_DoCoMo> in Japan branded FOMA </wiki/FOMA>. Emtel Launched the first 3G network in Africa By June 2007.^ <#cite_note-13> ^ <#cite_note-14> broader availability was delayed by apparent concerns over reliability. but this network provider later shut down operations. Europe. the operator then owned by British Telecom </wiki/British_Telecom>. having completed its upgrade of the 3G network to HSUPA </wiki/HSUPA>. A confusing statistic is counting CDMA2000 1x RTT customers as if they were 3G customers. telecommunication companies use W-CDMA </wiki/W-CDMA> technology with the support of around 100 terminal designs to operate 3G mobile networks.^ <#cite_note-15> The second network to go commercially live was by SK Telecom </wiki/SK_Telecom> in South Korea on the 1xEV-DO </wiki/1xEV-DO> technology in January 2002. Australia and Singapore at the 20% migration level. the 200 millionth 3G subscriber had been connected. AT&T Mobility </wiki/AT%26T_Mobility> is also a true 3G network. then the total 3G subscriber base would be 475 million at June 2007 and 15.7%. in May 2001 on a pre-release of W-CDMA </wiki/W-CDMA> technology. Austria.php?title=Example. Out of 3 billion mobile phone subscriptions worldwide this is only 6. The first European pre-commercial network was at the Isle of Man </wiki/Isle_of_Man> by Manx Telecom </wiki/Manx_Telecom>. Other leading countries by 3G migration include UK. although it was initially somewhat limited in scope.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=3>] Adoption In December 2007.8% of all subscribers worldwide. In the countries where 3G was launched first – Japan and South Korea – 3G penetration is over 70%. If using this definition. and the first commercial network in Europe was opened for business by Telenor </wiki/Telenor> in December 2001 with no commercial handsets and thus no paying customers.^ <#cite_note-12> The first commercial launch of 3G was also by NTT DoCoMo in Japan on 1 October 2001. By May 2002 the second South Korean 3G network was by KT </wiki/KT> on EV-DO and thus the Koreans were the first to see competition among 3G operators.jpg&action=edit&redlink=1>]] [edit </w/index.
[edit </w/index.^ <#cite_note-20> [edit </w/index. and initial excitement over 3G's potential. China Mobile </wiki/China_Mobile>. Other delays were due to the expenses of upgrading equipment for the new systems. It was launched commercially on February 2007. [edit </w/index. (See Telecoms crash </wiki/Telecoms_crash>. SaskTel </wiki/SaskTel>^ <#cite_note-17> and Telus </wiki/Telus> launched a 3G EVDO network in 2005.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=8>] Syria MTN Syria </wiki/Syria> is the first mobile 3G operator in Syria.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=4>] Europe In Europe. Bell Mobility </wiki/Bell_Mobility>.^ <#cite_note-19> Realizing they would miss out on roaming revenue from the 2010 Winter Olympics </wiki/2010_Olympics>.^ <#cite_note-18> Rogers Wireless </wiki/Rogers_Wireless> was the first to implement UMTS technology.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=9>] China China announced in May 2008. The license fees in some European countries were particularly high </wiki/Telecoms_crash>. bolstered by government auctions of a limited number of licenses and sealed bid auctions </wiki/Sealed_bid_auction>.Roll-out of 3G networks was delayed in some countries by the enormous costs of additional spectrum licensing fees. It was launched commercially on May 2010. mass market commercial 3G services were introduced starting in March 2003 by 3 </wiki/3_(telecommunications)> (Part of Hutchison Whampoa </wiki/Hutchison_Whampoa>) in the UK and Italy. [edit </w/index. so mobile operators must build entirely new networks and license entirely new frequencies. 3G networks do not use the same radio frequencies as 2G </wiki/2G>. The European Union </wiki/European_Union> Council suggested that the 3G operators should cover 80% of the European national populations by the end of 2005. that the telecoms sector was re-organized and three 3G networks would be allocated so that the largest mobile operator. [edit </w/index. [edit </w/index.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=7>] Philippines 3G services were made available in the Philippines </wiki/Philippines> on December 2008. with HSDPA services in eastern Canada in late 2006. an exception is the United States where carriers operate 3G service in the same frequencies as other services. Bell </wiki/Bell_Canada> and Telus </wiki/Telus> formed a joint venture and rolled out a shared HSDPA </wiki/HSDPA> network using Nokia Siemens </wiki/Nokia_Siemens> technology. China Unicom </wiki/China_Unicom> would retain its GSM . would retain its GSM customer base.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=5>] Canada In Canada.) In many countries.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=6>] Iraq Mobitel </wiki/Mobitel> Iraq </wiki/Iraq> is the first mobile 3G operator in Iraq.
Vodafone. a joint venture between Egyptian company Orascom Telecom Holding </wiki/Orascom_Telecom_Holding> and the state-owned Korea Post and Telecommunications Corporation (KPTC) is North Korea </wiki/North_Korea>'s only 3G Mobile operator. which would then launch 3G on the CDMA2000 1x EV-DO standard. India entered the 3G arena with the launch of 3G enabled Mobile and Data services by Government owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.SunNet. The CDMA2000 customers of China Unicom would go to China Telecom </wiki/China_Telecom>.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=13>] Features [edit </w/index. The first commercial launch was by Emtel-ltd in Mauritius in 2004.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=14>] Data rates . [edit </w/index. Finally in January 2009. This meant that China would have all three main cellular technology 3G standards in commercial use.customer base but relinquish its CDMA2000 customer base. It covers Pyongyang </wiki/Pyongyang>. Other providers like Bharati Airtel.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=11>] Africa The first African use of 3G technology was a 3G videocall made in Johannesburg </wiki/Johannesburg> on the Vodacom </wiki/Vodacom> network in November 2004. the company had 125.2010. uses GSM technology and suffers from poor call quality and disconnections. The Egyptian company owns 75 percent of Koryolink. and five additional cities and eight highways and railways. and is known to invest in infrastructure for mobile technology in developing nations. The launch of 3G occurred on 1 October 2009. Nationwide auction of 3G wireless spectrum </wiki/3G_Spectrum_auction_India> was announced in April 2010. And the second is by Reliance Communications.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=12>] India In 2008. Later. W-CDMA to China Unicom and CDMA2000 to China Telecom. December 13. which is called *Koryolink*.^ <#cite_note-22> [edit </w/index. MTNL </wiki/MTNL> launched 3G in Delhi </wiki/Delhi> and Mumbai </wiki/Mumbai>. The first Private-sector service provider that launched 3G services is Tata Docomo.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=10>] North Korea North Korea has had a 3G network since 2008.(Nov 20 th 2010 Now peak level 3G technology Spectrum) [edit </w/index. a 3G service was provided by the new company Wana </wiki/Wana_(Telecommunications)> in Morrocco. and one of only two mobile companies in the country. to coincide with the 60th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China. [edit </w/index. According to Orascom quoted in /BusinessWeek </wiki/BusinessWeek>/. Its only competitor . Idea and Aircel are expected to launch 3G services by January 2011. In late March 2006.^ <#cite_note-21> Phone numbers on the network are prefixed with +850 (0)192. 2010.661 subscribers in May 2010. (BSNL </wiki/BSNL>). and launch 3G on the globally leading W-CDMA (UMTS) standard.In East Africa (Tanzania) in 2007 a 3G service was provided by Vodacom Tanzania. Ministry of industry and Information Technology of China awarded licenses of all three standards: TD-SCDMA to China Mobile. on November 5.
3G networks use the KASUMI </wiki/KASUMI_(block_cipher)> block crypto </wiki/Block_crypto> instead of the older A5/1 </wiki/A5/1> stream cipher </wiki/Stream_cipher>. or the phone allows the subscriber to find nearby businesses or friends. * *Location-based services* – a provider sends localized weather or traffic conditions to the phone. the user can be sure the network is the intended one and not an impersonator. Thus users sold 3G service may not be able to point to a standard and say that the rates it specifies are not being met. a number of serious weaknesses in the KASUMI cipher have been identified. these specifications already display features characteristic for IMT-Advanced </wiki/IMT-Advanced> (4G). * *Video on demand* – a provider sends a movie to the subscriber's phone. However. the successor of 3G. While stating in commentary that "it is expected that IMT-2000 will provide higher transmission rates: a minimum data rate of 2 Mbit/s for stationary or walking users. Some of the applications are: * *Mobile TV* – a provider redirects a TV channel directly to the subscriber's phone where it can be watched. .php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=15>] Security 3G networks offer greater security than their 2G predecessors.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=17>] Evolution Both 3GPP </wiki/3GPP> and 3GPP2 </wiki/3GPP2> are currently working on extensions to 3G standard that are based on an all-IP network infrastructure </wiki/Next_Generation_Network> and using advanced wireless technologies such as MIMO </wiki/MIMO>.^ <#cite_note-24> In addition to the 3G network infrastructure security. * *Video conferencing* – subscribers can see as well as talk to each other. and 384 kbit/s in a moving vehicle. However."^ <#cite_note-23> the ITU does not actually clearly specify minimum or average rates or what modes of the interfaces qualify as 3G. so various rates are sold as 3G intended to meet customers expectations of broadband data. these standards are classified as 3.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=16>] Applications The bandwidth and location information available to 3G devices gives rise to applications not previously available to mobile phone users. although this is not strictly a 3G property.ITU has not provided a clear definition of the data rate users can expect from 3G equipment or providers. end-to-end security is offered when application frameworks such as IMS are accessed. By allowing the UE (User Equipment) to authenticate the network it is attaching to. falling short of the bandwidth requirements for 4G (which is 1 Gbit/s for stationary and 100 Mbit/s for mobile operation). [edit </w/index.9G or Pre-4G. * *Tele-medicine* – a medical provider monitors or provides advice to the potentially isolated subscriber. [edit </w/index. [edit </w/index.
4. 9.broadbandmag. 2. *^ <#cite_ref-2>* ITU.itu. Reuters.co.int/newsroom/press_releases/2007/30. page 136. Norway.com/umts/history. 5.hktdc.pdf. http://www. *^ <#cite_ref-0>* Clint Smith.hktdc.umtsworld. 7.php?title=3G&action=edit§ion=18>] References 1. "What really is a Third Generation (3G)(3G) Mobile Technology" <http://www. Retrieved 1 June 2009. *^ <#cite_ref-16>* "Plus 8 Star presentation.org/ftp/op/OP_07/DOCS/pdf/OP6_13r1.htm>. Retrieved 1 June 2009.html>.3gpp.htm. *^ <#cite_ref-15>* "DoCoMo Delays 3G Launch" <http://www.pdf. etc)”. 2008-06-11.umtsworld.int/ITU-D/imt-2000/DocumentsIMT2000/What_really_3G. "Guidelines on the smooth transition of existing mobile networks to IMT-2000 for developing countries (GST).co. /press release/. Daniel Collins.broadbandmag. *^ <#cite_ref-14>* "broadbandmag. .18-1-2006-PDF-E.plus8star.co. whereas Qualcomm has halted development of UMB in favour of the LTE family. 10.reuters. initially they are offering /pre-4G/ (or /beyond 3G/) services in Stockholm.pdf>. Telia Sonera announced in an official press release that "We are very proud to be the first operator in the world to offer our customers 4G services.itu.com/techbiz/media/news/2001/04/43253.itu. *^ <#cite_ref-3>* ITU-D Study Group 2.htm>. http://www.itu. UMTS.3gpp. Plus8star.pdf. Report on Question 18/2" <http://www.html. Sweden and Oslo.com/techbiz/media/news/2001/04/43253>.int/dms_pub/itu-d/opb/stg/D-STG-SG02. http://www.pdf> (PDF).int/ITU-D/imt-2000/DocumentsIMT2000/What_really_3G. "ITU Radiocommunication Assembly approves new developments for its 3G standards" <http://www.pdf> (PDF).wired. W-CDMA. 2000. ^ ^/*a*/ <#cite_ref-qualcomm_5-0> ^/*b*/ <#cite_ref-qualcomm_5-1> Qualcomm halts UMB project <http://www. [edit </w/index.int/newsroom/press_releases/2007/30.uk/3G grinds to a start" <http://www.html. *^ <#cite_ref-1>* ITU.itu. 11. ^ ^/*a*/ <#cite_ref-3gppsyn_7-0> ^/*b*/ <#cite_ref-3gppsyn_7-1> 3GPP </wiki/3GPP> notes that “there currently existed many different names for the same system (eg FOMA. 7. 9 October 2001" <http://www. 8. Retrieved 1 June 2009. "Draft summary minutes. *^ <#cite_ref-13>* "World's first 3G launch on 1 October severely restricted (hktdc.uk/analysis/3G/3G. http://www.com.org/ftp/op/OP_07/DOCS/pdf/OP6_13r1. http://www.itu.com/article/marketsNews/idUSN1335969420081113?rpc=401& >.com/imn/01100401/info14. "Is 3G a Dog or a Demon – Hints from 7 years of 3G Hype in Asia"" <http://www.3GPP plans to meet the 4G goals with LTE Advanced </wiki/LTE_Advanced>. Tokyo.com/umts/history.com/?p=123>.uk/analysis/3G/3G.htm. decisions and actions from 3GPP Organizational Partners Meeting#6. *^ <#cite_ref-12>* "The history of UMTS and 3G development" <http://www. "3G Wireless Networks". 3. http://info. http://www.com)" <http://info.18-1-2006-PDF-E.com/imn/01100401/info14."^ <#cite_note-25> With the launch of their LTE network.^ <#cite_note-qualcomm-5> On 14 December 2009.html>.wired.int/dms_pub/itu-d/opb/stg/D-STG-SG02. p. http://www. 13 November 2008 6.
com/News-and-Archive/Press-releases/2009/TeliaSone ra-first-in-the-world-with-4G-services/>. 2009-12-08.ca/news/post001469/ 14.businessweek. http://www.ece>.php?title=Template:Mobile_telecommunications_st andards&action=edit> Mobile telephony </wiki/Mobile_telephony> standards 0G </wiki/Mobile_radio_telephone> (radio telephones </wiki/Radiotelephone>) MTS </wiki/Mobile_Telephone_System> MTA MTB MTC </wiki/MTD_(mobile_network)> IMTS </wiki/Improved_Mobile_Telephone_Service> MTD </wiki/MTD_(mobile_network)> AMTS </wiki/Advanced_Mobile_Telephone_System> OLT </wiki/OLT_(mobile_network)> Autoradiopuhelin </wiki/Autoradiopuhelin> 1G </wiki/1G> AMPS </wiki/Advanced_Mobile_Phone_System> family AMPS </wiki/Advanced_Mobile_Phone_System> TACS . Business Week.http://www.ac.rhul.h tml 13.com/corporate/news/newsreleases/2005b/06_30_05_sasktel.teliasonera.com/idg/2010-05-13/cell-phone-demand-stays-strong -in-north-korea. http://www.html#Cellular%20Standards%2 0for%20the%20Third%20Generation.com/idg/2010-05-13/cell-phone-demand-stays-strongin-north-korea.ac. http://www.ece.int/osg/spu/imt-2000/technology.pdf >. *^ <#cite_ref-20>* http://www.html>.itu. *^ <#cite_ref-17>* http://www. http://www. 20. 15.uk/useca/OtherPublications/3G_UMTS%20Security. *^ <#cite_ref-19>* Kapica Jack (2006-11-02).pdf. 19.com/news9436. TeliaSonera.teliasonera.businessweek.html#Cellular%20Standards% 20for%20the%20Third%20Generation>.uk/useca/OtherPublications/3G_UMTS%20Security. 2009-12-14.theglobeandmail. Retrieved 2010-09-06.nortel. [hide <#>] v </wiki/Template:Mobile_telecommunications_standards> • d </wiki/Template_talk:Mobile_telecommunications_standards> • e <http://en. *^ <#cite_ref-18>* http://www. *^ <#cite_ref-22>* Telephone numbers in North Korea </wiki/Telephone_numbers_in_North_Korea> 18.plus8star. *^ <#cite_ref-21>* "Cell phone demand stays strong in North Korea" <http://www. 12.com/News-and-Archive/Press-releases/2009/TeliaSoner a-first-in-the-world-with-4G-services/. Retrieved 2010-09-06.com/news/technology/article853485.itu. "Rogers unveils new wireless network" <http://www. *^ <#cite_ref-23>* "Cellular Standards for the Third Generation" <http://www.wikipedia.physorg. *^ <#cite_ref-25>* "first in the world with 4G services" <http://www. Retrieved 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 17.theglobeandmail.isrc. ITU.org/w/index.rhul.cellphones. http://www.isrc. Network Systems & Security Technologies.int/osg/spu/imt-2000/technology. 1 December 2005.html 16.html.com/?p=123. The Globe and Mail.com/news/technology/article853485. *^ <#cite_ref-24>* "Security for the Third Generation (3G) Mobile System" <http://www.
9G) </wiki/3G#Evolution> 3GPP </wiki/3GPP> family HSDPA </wiki/High-Speed_Downlink_Packet_Access> HSUPA </wiki/High-Speed_Uplink_Packet_Access> HSPA+ </wiki/Evolved_HSPA> LTE </wiki/3GPP_Long_Term_Evolution> (E-UTRA </wiki/E-UTRA>) 3GPP2 </wiki/3GPP2> family EV-DO Rev. 3.75G) </wiki/2G#Evolution> GSM </wiki/GSM>/3GPP </wiki/3GPP> family HSCSD </wiki/High-Speed_Circuit-Switched_Data> GPRS </wiki/General_Packet_Radio_Service> EDGE </wiki/Enhanced_Data_Rates_for_GSM_Evolution>/EGPRS 3GPP2 </wiki/3GPP2> family CDMA2000 1xRTT </wiki/CDMA2000> (IS-2000) Other WiDEN </wiki/WiDEN> *3G (IMT-2000)* 3GPP </wiki/3GPP> family UMTS </wiki/Universal_Mobile_Telecommunications_System> (UTRAN </wiki/UTRAN>) ** WCDMA-FDD </wiki/W-CDMA_(UMTS)> ** WCDMA-TDD </wiki/UMTS> ** UTRA-TDD LCR (TD-SCDMA) </wiki/TD-SCDMA> 3GPP2 </wiki/3GPP2> family CDMA2000 1xEV-DO </wiki/Evolution-Data_Optimized> (IS-856) 3G transitional (3.75G. 2. B </wiki/Evolution-Data_Optimized> Other . 3.</wiki/Total_Access_Communication_System> ETACS </wiki/ETACS> Other NMT </wiki/Nordic_Mobile_Telephone> Hicap </wiki/Hicap> Mobitex </wiki/Mobitex> DataTAC </wiki/DataTAC> 2G </wiki/2G> GSM </wiki/GSM>/3GPP </wiki/3GPP> family GSM </wiki/GSM> CSD </wiki/Circuit_Switched_Data> 3GPP2 </wiki/3GPP2> family CdmaOne </wiki/CdmaOne> (IS-95 </wiki/IS-95>) AMPS </wiki/Advanced_Mobile_Phone_System> family D-AMPS </wiki/Digital_AMPS> (IS-54 </wiki/IS-54> and IS-136 </wiki/IS-136>) Other CDPD </wiki/Cellular_digital_packet_data> ** iDEN </wiki/Integrated_Digital_Enhanced_Network> ** PDC </wiki/Personal_Digital_Cellular> ** PHS </wiki/Personal_Handy-phone_System> 2G transitional (2.5G. A </wiki/Evolution-Data_Optimized> EV-DO Rev.5G.
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