# INTRODUCTION These tests were developed in the UK by Glanville ( 1947 ) and it is measure the degree of compaction .

For the standard amount of work and thus offer a direct and reasonably reliable assessment of the workability Of concrete . the test require measurement of the weight of the partially and fully compacted concrete and the ratio the partially compacted weight to the fully compacted weight, which is always less than one, is known as compacted factor . For the normal range of concrete the compacting factor lies between 0.8 - 0.92 . Standard :B.S 1881 :PART 2 1970

which can be well compacted.OBJECTIVE To determine the degree of difference between half compress concrete and fully compressed concrete density.transported and placed without segregation. THEORY In its fresh state.A well compacted concrete will produce a good strength concrete.concrete is tested for its consistency so as to acheive the desired workability. .workability is an important property in concrete since a workable mix will produce concrete.

Weighing machine 3. Two conical hoppers and cylinder 2. Steel rod .APPARATUS 1.

4. Scoop .

3.make sure that this door is close before commencing the test. 9. Each hopper has hinged door (trap door) at the bottom. Determine the net weight of the concrete. Empty the cylinder and refill it with the concrete from the same sample in three layers.this weight is known as ³weight fully compacted concrete´(W P) 10. Release the door of the second hopper to let the concrete falls into the cylinder 6. Release the door to let thr concrte falls into the lower hopper 5. Level off the top surface of the cylinder and weight it to the nearest 10 mg.tamp each layer 25 times with the standard steel rod.this weight is known as ³weight of partially compacted concrete´. Calculate the compacting factor of concrete : y Weight of the partially compacted concrete y Weight of fully compacted concrete . Cut of excess concrete from the top of the cylinder by sliding it with two floats 7.PROCEDURE 1. Fill up the upper hopper wuth concrete to the brim 4. Clean thoroughly inner surface of hoppers to reduce friction 2.(W s) 8.

834 11.Ws Cylinder weght+fully compacted concrete Weight of fully compacted concrete.92 Cylinder weight Cylinder weight+partially compacted concrete Weight of partially compacted concrete. More aggregates: Concrete will be weak and easy to break.559 8.695 11. More cement: Easy to break because the ability of the conrete is weak and brittle.940 9. What will happen to concrete mixture if the proportion contains: i.634 7.900 13.635 0.QUESTION 1.320 10.717 11. 2.245 13.881 0. ii.352 9.87 1:3:6(g) 0. iii. Why compacting factor test has to be done quickly after the concrete is mixed? To avoid the concrete from dry and to identify the density of the concrete Mixture 1:2:4(g) 0. .841 12.8 2.6 2.Wp Compression factor.781 8. Low water or cement ratio: Low water cement ratio impacts all of the desired properties of concrete listed in the desired properties of concrete section.6 2.882 1:3:6(g) 0.625 0.

78 0.CONSISTENSY VERY DRY VERY STIFF STIFFER STIFF PLASTIC RIGIDITY THICK FLOW FLUID COMPRESSION FACTOR 0.85 0.89 0.95 1.92 0.70 0.00 .

8 ± 0. .DISCUSSION For the normal range of concrete the compaction factor lies between (0.92 ) . This test is particularly useful for dryer mixes for which the slump test is not satisfactory CONCLUSION The sensitivity of the compaction factor is reduced outside the normal range of workability and is generally unsatisfactory for compacting factor greater than 0.92.