1

RCC DESIGN AND DRAWINGS
L T P 5 - 2 RATIONALE This subject is an applied engineering subject. Diploma holders in Civil Engineering will be required to supervise RCC Construction and fabrication. He may also be required to design simple structural elements, make changes in design depending upon availability of materials (bars of different diameters). He must be able to read and interpret structural drawings of different elements. This subject thus deals with elementary design principles as per BIS code of practice and their relevant drawings. DETAILED CONTENTS (a) 1. Theory Introduction 1.1 1.2 Concept of Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) Reinforcement Materials: Suitability of Steel as reinforcing material Properties of mild steel and HYSD steel (2 hrs)

Working Stress Method 2. Theory of R.C.C Beams : 2.1 2.2 (8 hrs)

Assumptions in the theory of simple bending for RCC beam Flexural Strength of a singly reinforced RCC beam 2.2.1 Position of the neutral axis ,concept of balanced ,under reinforced and over reinforced sections 2.2.2 Moment of Resistance of balanced , under reinforced and over reinforced sections (8 hrs)

3.

Shear and Bond 3.1 Shear as per BIS:456-2000 i) Shear strength of concrete without shear reinforcement ii) Maximum shear stress iii) Shear reinforcement Bond and Development Length i) Permissible bond stress for plain and deformed bars ii) Development Length for bars iii) Anchorage value of standard bend and hook

3.2

4.

Singly Reinforced Rectangular RCC Beams

(8 hrs)

2 4.1 4.2 Moment of resistance for given simply supported beams Design of simply supported and cantilever beams including sketching showing reinforcement details and bar bending schedule. (8 hrs)

5.

Introduction to Limit State Method 5.1

5.2 5.3

Definitions and assumptions made in limit state of collapse(flexure), partial factor of safety for materials strength and design strength, partial factor of safety for load and design load Loading on structure as per BIS: 875 BIS specifications regarding spacing of reinforcement, cover to reinforcement, minimum reinforcement, lapping & anchoring effective span for beams and slabs. (5 hrs)

6.

Limit State of Collapse (Flexure) 6.1 6.2

Basic assumptions and stress strain curve, neutral axis, moment of resistance for singly reinforced sections. Design of singly reinforced simply supported and cantilever beams including sketching showing reinforcement details and bar bending schedule. (5 hrs)

7.

Doubly Reinforced Beam and T-Beam (Limit State Method) 7.1 7.2

Design consideration of doubly reinforced beams including sketching showing reinforcement details and bar bending schedule. Design consideration of T and L-beams(No numerical problems) (5 hrs)

8.

Simply Supported One Way Slab (Limit State Method)

Analysis and Design of simply supported one way slab including sketching showing reinforcement details (plan and sections) and bar bending schedule. 9 Staircase (5 hrs)

Design considerations of simple dog legged stair for residential building (No Numerical problems). 10. Continuous Slab (5 hrs)

Design aspects of continuous slab and arrangement of reinforcement in plan and sectional elevation (No problem in theory examination) 11. Two Way Slab (Limit State Method) (6 hrs)

Design of two-way simply supported slab with corners free and no provision to resist torsion including sketching showing reinforcement details (plan and sections) and bar bending schedule

Losses in Pre-stress.1 13. Calculation of bending stressed in rectangular simply supported beam with straight and parabolic profile of tendons. teachers may prepare tutorial sheets. INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY Teachers are expected to give simple problems for designing various RCC structural members. Advantages and disadvantages of priestesses concrete. B. doubly reinforcement and cantilever beams with shear reinforcement Columns – square. main and lateral reinforcement for column. rectangular and circular column with isolated footing of uniform depth and varying depth (sloped footings) 2.2 12.1 (6 hrs) 12.3 12. RCC DRAWING Reinforcement details from given data for the following with bar bending schedules: a) b) c) Slabs – one way slab. which may be given to the students for solving. Design of Square Footing (Limit State Method) 13. maximum reinforcement. Design of Axially Loaded Column (Limit State Method) 12. PRESTRESSED CONCRETE: Concept of pre-stressed concrete.2 Types of footing Design of isolated square footing of uniform thickness and sketch the reinforcement details (7hrs) 14. 1. Use of BIS:456-2000 is permitted in the examination.3 Definition and classification of columns. specifications for minimum reinforcement cover. For creating comprehension of the subject. number of bars. Assumptions made in limit state of collapse (compression) Design of axially loaded square columns only with lateral reinforcement and sketch the reinforcement details (2 hrs) 13. two way slab with tortional reinforcement and cantilever slab Rectangular beams – singly reinforcement. Methods of pre-stressing “ Pre tensioning and Post tensioning. effective length of column. It would be advantageous if students are . Details of reinforcement in a three bay two storeyed RCC portal frame with the details of reinforcement at the column – beam junctions from the given design data Very Important Note: Examiner will be setting questions of 75 marks from part (A) and drawing questions of 50 marks from part (B).

and Gupta. "Reinforced Concrete". RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. "Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures". Oxford and IBH Publishing Co Dayaratnam. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 3.L. M. S. Sushil Kumar. Commentary on BIS:456 may be referred along with code for relevant clauses. 2. P. practice of reading structural drawings is another important feature of this course. Delhi Standard Publishers Distributors Mallick. 9. STAAD – PRO. New Delhi. "Reinforced Concrete Structure Vol I".. AP. SK. "Reinforced Concrete Design". 7. BC. 8.4 taken at construction site to show form work for RCC as well as placement of reinforcement in various structural members. 10.USA STRUDD – Softtech – Pune SUGGESTED DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS Topic No. 6. Gambhir. Delhi Standard Publishers Distributors Verghese “Reinforced Concrete Design” Limit State Design by Dr AK Jain Ramamurtham. "Design and Testing of Reinforced Structures". New Delhi. 4. Research Engineers . 5. Delhi Dhanpat Rai and Sons Punmia. Macmillan India Limited Structural Analysis and Design. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Total Time Allotted (Hrs) 2 8 8 8 8 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 2 7 80 Marks Allotted (%) 3 9 9 9 9 7 7 8 6 6 8 8 3 8 100 . "Treasurers of Reinforced Concrete Design".

kerbs.3 Topographic map.1 Glossary of terms used in road geo. Super elevation and methods of providing super elevation Sketch of typical cross-sections in cutting and filling on straight alignment and at a curve (Note: No design/numerical problem to be taken) (7 hrs) 2. carriage way. formation width.2 2. importance of various stages viz . construction of rigid and flexible pavements.3 2. reading the data given on a topographic map Basic considerations governing alignment for a road in plain and hilly area Highway location. Basic concepts of road geo.1 3. surveys and plans. Highway Surveys and Plan 3. NHAI IRC classification of roads Organization of a state highway department (7 hrs) (2 hrs) Road Geometrics 2. road materials. horizontal and vertical curves including transition curves. Introduction 1.4 2. formation levels.2 1. elements of traffic engineering.metrics and their importance: Right of way. camber and gradient Average running speed. road shoulder. These diploma holders are responsible for construction and maintenance of highways and airports. road drainage system and various aspects of maintenance find place in above course.2 3.1 1. CRRI. special features of hill roads.metrics. road margin. DETAILED CONTENTS THEORY 1.2 RATIONALE Construction of roads is one of the area in which diploma holders in Civil Engineering may get employment. marking of alignment.5 HIGHWAY AND AIRPORT ENGINEERING L T P 4 . Importance of Highway engineering Functions of IRC.4 3. stopping and passing sight distance Necessity of curves.3 1. MORTH. side slopes.

procedures and significance. line stabilization. their merits and demerits.4 4. ductility and viscosity test of bitumen. Types of stabilization mechanical stabilization. Road Materials 4.3 4.2 4.6 a) Reconnaissance survey: Conduct reconnaissance and prepare reconnaissance report Preliminary survey: Object. soil. Emulsion and Modified Bitumen Function of soil as highway subgrade Introduction to California Bearing Ratio. conducting and b) c) d) 4. methods of checking camber. control pegs for embankment and cutting. information to be collected Location survey Standards for preparing the highway plans as per Ministry of Surface Transport (MORTH) (reference only) (8 hrs) organizing. setting out bench marks. Bitumen modifiers (7 hrs) 4. Road Pavements 5. method of finding CBR value and its significance Aggregates: Availability of road aggregates in India. purpose of stabilization.5 4. functions of various components Sub-grade preparation: Setting out alignment of road. compaction. fly ash stabilization etc.3 . requirements of road aggregates as per IRC specifications Testing aggregates: Los Angeles Abrasion test. crushing strength test Binders: Common binders. cement stabilization. preparation of subgrade. softening point. construction of embankment.(introduction only) 5.6 5.2 5. bitumen. typical cross-sections. properties as per BIS specifications.1 Different types of road materials in use. impact test. making profiles of embankment. gradient and alignment as per recommendations of IRC. penetration. stabilization. stabilized sub base. binders – bitumen.1 Road pavement: Flexible and rigid pavement. equipment used for subgrade preparation Flexible pavements: sub base necessity and purpose. aggregate. cut back and emulsion and their uses. borrow pits.

spacing and typical details of side drains.2 7.2. equipment used 6. Road Drainage: 7.4 Base Course: * Preparation of base course: Prime coat. . cross drainage works 7. side ditches for surface drainage.2 Surface and subsurface drains and storm water drains. frost (5 hrs) 6. snow avalanches.7 5.6 Rigid Pavements: Construction of concrete roads as per IRC specifications: Form laying. prevention and control measures 6.1 (6 hrs) Introduction: Typical cross-sections showing all details of a typical hill road.3 Soil erosion 6.2. 5. compacting and finishing. joints in concrete pavement. Tack coat (a) Water Bound Macadam (WBM) (b) Wet Mix Macadam (WMM) Binder Courses: (a) Bituminous Macadam (b) Dense Bituminous Macadam (DBM) *Methods of construction as per MORTH 5.1 Necessity of road drainage work.2. partly in cutting and partly in filling Special problems of hill areas 6. equipments used for above. Location.5 Surfacing: * Types of surfacing a) b) c) d) e) f) surface dressing with seal coat open graded premix carpet mix seal surfacing semi dense bituminous concrete Aspsaltic concrete bituminous Penetration Macadam (reference only) * Methods of constructions as per MORTH specifications and quality control.4 Snow: Snow clearance.2.2 Drainage 6. mixing and placing the concrete. curing. Hill Roads: 6.1 Landslides: Causes.

types of pavements for runways and taxi ways.1 9. Aircraft parking system. upheaval . Various types of airports Runways – factors. grader. details of drains in cutting embankment. 2.4 10.2 8. Road Construction Equipment: Application of the following plant and equipment: 9.1 (5 hrs) Common types of road failures of flexible pavements: Pot hole. 3.4 * 10 An expert may be invited from field/industry for extension lecture on this topic. dumpers. typical cross sections 8.3 10. Road Maintenance: 8. tractors (wheel and crawler) scraper.2 10. dragline Mixing and spraying equipment Road pavers – sensor paver 9. Maintenance of concrete roads-filling cracks. fatty surface. maintenance of shoulders (berms). Determination of penetration value of bitumen Determination of softening point of bitumen Determination of impact value of the road aggregate .3 9.2 Hot mix plant Tipper.their causes and remedies (brief description) Maintenance of bituminous road such as seal-coat.1 10. maintenance of traffic control devices (4 hrs) 8. bulldozer. cracks. Factors to be considered while selecting a site for an airport with respect to zoning laws. Apron PRACTICAL EXERCISES 1.8 Intercepting drains. roller. corrugation. affecting their configuration and orientation (concept only) Taxiways .5 10. patch-work and resurfacing. pipe drains in hill roads.6 10.7 (10 hrs) Necessity of study of airport engineering aviation transport scenario in India. shovels. rutting.3 9. Airport Engineering :10. repairing joints.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS i) Khanna. "Laboratory Manual Delhi. Roorkee Publishing House. SB. "Principles and Practice of Highway Engineering". "A Text Book on Highway Engineering and Airport" Delhi. 5. CEG. "Highway Engineering" Roorkee.grade soil (demonstration only) INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY While imparting instructions. It will be also advantageous to organize field visits to show the actual construction of roads at site. 2001 . "Highway Engineering" Roorkee. Determination of abrasion value (Los Angeles’) of road aggregate Determination of ductility of bitumen Determination of viscosity of tar/bitumen Determination of the California bearing ratio (CBR) for the sub. Vaswani. KL. SP. Priyani.. NITTTR. Dhanpat Rai and Sons Sharma. New Age Publishers (P) Ltd in Highway Engineering". ii) iii) iv) v) vi) viii) ix) RK Khitoliya. Dhanpat Rai Publishing Co. and Sharma. VB. 6. Puri VP. Asia Publishing House Duggal AK. S Chand and Co Bindra. Chandigarh Duggal AK Types of Highway constitution a Reader. SK. “Maintenance of Highway – a Reader”. SK and Justo. GV’ Transportation Engineering Duggal AK. it is recommended that emphasis should be laid on constructional details and quality control aspects. NK. Students should be asked to prepare sketches and drawings. clearly indicating specifications and constructional details for various sub components of a highway.9 4. 7. RC. and Bhanot. Charotar Book Stall Sehgal. New Delhi. “Principles of Highway Engineering (2005)”. NITTTR Chandigarh 2006 x) xi) IRC Publications i) ii) MORTH Specifications for Road and Bridge Works Latest Edition MORTH Pocket book for Highway Engineers. Nem Chand and Bros. "A Course on Highway Engineering" New Delhi. New Delhi Rao. "Highway and Airport Engineering" Anand.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total Time Allotted (Hrs) 2 8 8 8 8 6 5 5 4 10 64 Marks Allotted (%) 4 12 12 12 12 10 10 10 8 10 100 SURVEY CAMP Purpose a. To impart intensive training in the use of surveying instruments To train the students to appreciate practical difficulties in surveying on the field . b.10 iii) MORTH Manual for Maintenance of Roads. 1983 SUGGESTED DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS Topic No.

electric lines etc. railway tracks. f. valley lines. roads. Task: Preparation of topographical plan of a given area The students may be assigned an undulated area of about 1.11 c. culverts. consisting of good number of physical features such as buildings. They are required to prepare the topographic map of above areas showing various features along with contours using a suitable contour intervals. saddle cliffs etc. line. bridges. They will mark a road alignment of given gradient connecting any two stations on the map consisting some horizontal and vertical curves and submit the detailed technical report indicating therein practical difficulties faced during surveying for the features like ridge.5 to 2.00 sq. e.km. Making the students conversant with the camp life Training the students to communicate with the local population Providing an opportunity to the students to develop team spirit To train the students for self management . d.

sanitary using concept of layers. 2.4 RATIONALE Computers play a very vital role in present day life.. In order to enable the students use the computers effectively in problem solving. elevation of building (2D view) Development of 3D view of building Prepare various layout of door/windows plan. electrical. DETAILED CONTENTS PRACTICAL EXERCISES 1. . Introduction and use of AUTO CAD software for making Building Drawings Use of various commands available in software for making 2D Drawings and 3D model. sections along two direction.12 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING-I L T P . 4. this course offers various engineering applications of computers in civil engineering. in all the professional life of engineer. Drawing plan of building. 5. more so. 3.

fang bolts. various methods used for laying ballast. bridges and tunnels DETAILED CONTENTS PART – I: RAILWAY 1. hook bolts. size and quantity of ballast Plate laying: meanings of the terms. tram line method. brief description of various types of railway survey Classification of permanent way describing its component parts Rail Gauge: Definition. 8. 10. unigauge project of Indian Railways Rails – types of rails. practice in various countries and India. . Uniformity of gauge. 5. 4. telescopic method. steel for rails. American method. bridges and tunnels. types of sleepers. coning of wheels. effects and remedies Rail Fastenings: Rail joints. 9.RATIONALE The subject will cater to the needs of those technicians who would like to find employment in the construction of railway tracks. concrete and prestress type sleepers: their salient features and advantages Ballast: Function of ballast. relaying a track Crossings and signallings: Brief description regarding different types of crossings/ signallings Maintenance of track: necessity.13 RAILWAYS. their cause and remedies creep: definition. chairs and keys. corrugation. types. Brief idea of timber and steel sleepers. requirements of an ideal fastening. BRIDGES AND TUNNELS L T P 4 . failure. bearing plates Sleepers: Functions of sleepers. maintenance of track. hogged rails. inspection of soil. 6. wear. causes. 11. fastenings for rails. The subject aims at providing broad based knowledge regarding various components and construction of railway track. 3. fish plates. tools 2. methods to reduce wear. brief idea of spikes. advantages of railways. 7. requirements of an ideal material for ballast. types of rail joints. maintenance and boxing of ballast maintenance gauges. ballast train. methods of plate laying. Indian railways and its salient features Railway surveys: Factors influencing the railways route. requirements of an ideal material for sleepers. track and fixtures. corrosion of rails. material required per unit length of track. (28 hrs) Introduction – brief history of railways. buckling.

2 . Classification of Bridges Their structural elements and suitability: 14. RCC. Abutments and Wingwalls 17. plate girder and box girder. width of formation. water way (natural and artificial). well foundation. T-Beam. drains. bed level. Beam type –RCC. return and curved) 16. pre-stressed and masonry According to structural form. data to be collected Bridge Foundations: Pile foundation. cylindrical and abutment piers. 14. PART-II: BRIDGES 13.5 15. types –solid (masonry and RCC). abutment with wing walls (straight splayed. Trussed bridges. requirement of drainage system. its description with sketches According to the position of highest flood level submersible and non submersible FRC classification Site Selection and Collection of Data: Factors affecting the selection of site for a bridge.14 12. cofferdams: types pile/well caps Piers. open.2 14. 17. difference between a bridge and a culvert 14.through According to material –wooden. through and semi.3 14. steel.1 14. steel girder bridges. balanced cantilever. N and warren Arch type – open spandrel and filled spandrel barrel and rib type Suspension type – unstiffened sling type. methods of construction. 17. types of abutments (straight and tee). parts. Introduction (28 hrs) Bridge – its function and component parts.1 Piers-definition. afflux and clearance Abutments and wing walls – definition. caisson.4 According to life-permanent and temporary According to track level – Deck. Definition of the terms: height of pier. side slopes. Earth work and Drainage: features of rail road.

28. 22. 19. description with sketches of pontoon and boat bridges 20.2 Inspection of bridges Routine maintenance (8 hrs) PART . sliding plate. Drainage method of draining water in tunnels Lighting of tunnels Field visits may be organized to Bridge construction site or a Bridge/Tunnel construction site/Railways tracks to explain the various components and a field visit report shall be prepared by the students. Transfer of centre line of tunnel by shaft method Introduction to Method of construction of tunnels by needle beam method and full face method 25. deep cast base. Maintenance of Bridges 20. by blowing. as teamwork Examiners should set questions from all the parts Notes: i) ii) . Temporary bridges Necessity. Lining of tunnels with concrete Ventilation –necessity and methods of ventilation. exhaust and combination of blowing and exhaust 27.III: TUNNELS 21. 26.1 20. rocker. knuckle. Bridge bearings Purpose of bearings. 24. Definition and necessity of tunnels Typical section of tunnels for a national highway and single and double broad gauge railway track 23. types of bearings – fixed plate.15 18. rocker and roller.

8. 2000 (First Revision) Subhash C Saxena “Tunnal Engineering Dhanpat Rai and Sons 4. Vaswani. Poonam United Book Corporation Algia. “Essentials of Bridge Engineering” Oxford and IBH Rangwala. 9. JS “Bridge Engineering”. 5. teachers are expected to organize demonstrations and field visits to show various components and their construction of railway track.16 INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY This subject is of practical nature. R: “A Text Book of Railway Engineering”. 7. 2. SC. Roorkee Publishing House Rangwala. 3. While imparting instructions. Charotar Book Stall IRC Bridge Codes MORTH drawings for various types of bridges MORTH pocket books for bridge Engineers. “Railway Engineering”. SUGGESTED DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS Topic No. ‘Railway Engineering”. 10. Aand. Charotar Book Stall Deshpande. 6. 1 2 3 Total Time Allotted (Hrs) 28 28 8 64 Marks Allotted (%) 43 43 14 100 . Anand. NK. Anand Charotar Book Stall Victor Johnson. bridges and tunnel. “Bridge Engineering”. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1.

DETAILED CONTENTS A) 1. methods of estimating average rainfall (Arithmatic system). THEORY Introduction: 1. Intensity of Irrigation.2 2.3 1. constructional features of head works. culturable commanded area (CCA). catchment area runoff. basic concept of unit hydrograph. repair and maintenance of canals.17 IRRIGATION ENGINEERING AND DRAWING L T P 4 .gauges – automatic and non-automatic.4 3. head works. Delta and Base Period. flow irrigation – storage and distribution system. Definition of irrigation Necessity of irrigation History of development of irrigation in India Major. Hydrological Cycle Rainfall .1 2. soil crop and crop water relationships.1 1. medium and minor irrigation projects (5 hrs) (2 hrs) Water Requirement of Crops 2. hydrograph. their relationship Gross commanded area (GCA).2 1. causes and prevention of water logging and construction of tube wells. river training works. Some of diploma holders are also engaged for preventing water logging and irrigation by tubewells. .2 RATIONALE Diploma holders in civil engineering have to supervise the construction. Duty. factors affecting runoff. Irrigable area Catchment Area and Run-off (5 hrs) 2. regulatory and other works and prepare and interpret the irrigation engineering drawings. cross drainage works. definition rain. This subject imparts knowledge regarding hydrology. cross drainage works.4 2.3 Principal crops in India and their water requirements Crop seasons – Kharif and Rabi Soil water. river training works.

Tube Well Irrigation 6.2 Lift Irrigation – Tubewell and well irrigation advantages and disadvantages 4. Difference between weir and barrage . cone of depression.its advantages and limitations 4. advantages and disadvantages. functions of different parts of head works. comparison with canal irrigation Tube wells. cross-sections of a dam Concept of small and micro dams Concept of spillways and energy dissipators (6 hrs) 6.4 Drip irrigation. development of well. gravity dams – types. location and command.1 7.2 7. radius of influence. Canals 5. apurtenancs of a canal and their functions. sketches of different lined canal x-sections (9 hrs) 5. depression head. object. installation of well assembly. hrs) Methods of Irrigation (7 4. pump selection and installation and maintenance Ground water recharging (concept only) (6 hrs) Classification of dams.3 Sprinkler irrigation conditions favourable and essential requirements for sprinkler irrigation. general layout. strainer and slotted type.1 Introduction. advantages 5. occurrence of ground water. layout.types.4 6. component parts. explanation of terms: water table.2 6.18 4.1 (5 hrs) Classification. sprinkler system – classification and component parts 4. Yield of a well and methods of determining yield of well Types of tube wells and their choice-cavity. suitability of drip irrigation. sketches of different canal cross-sections Various types of canal lining .5 7.3 6. Dams 7.1 Flow irrigation . causes of failure. cross-section of zoned earth dam.3 8.2 6. Canal Head Works and Regulatory Works Definition. earth dams . confined and unconfined aquifers. Method of boring.their related advantages and disadvantages.

3 10.2 (3 hrs) Definition of water logging – its causes and effects. super passage. Definitions of following Hydraulic Structures with Sketches 12.3 B) 13 Irrigation Engineering Drawing: Typical cross-section of a channel L-section of a channel for given data Typical cross section of an unlined and lined channel in cuttn. prevention and remedies Surface and sub-surface drains and their layout Concept and various techniques used for ground water re-charge 12. cut-off 12. detection. guide banks.2 12. Water Logging and Drainage and Ground Water Re-charge 12. retired (levees) embankments. pitched island. level crossing. partly cutting and partly filling and fully in filling with given design data.1 (4 hrs) Functions and necessity of the following types: aqueduct. Layout plan of a canal head works.2 10.19 9. groynes and spurs. inlet and outlet Sketches of the above cross drainage works (2 hrs) 9.2 10. Cross Drainage Works 9. Draw the typical L section of a weir Draw the X-section of an Earthen Dam i) Homogeneous ii) Zoned type iii) Diaphragm type Cross section of a tube well Details of an outlet (APM) 14 15 16 17 18 .2 10.4 Falls Cross and head regulators Outlets Canal Escapes 11. River Training Works (4 hrs) Methods of river training.

`Text Book of Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulics Structures'. Varshney RS. New Delhi. 3. “Theory and Design of Irrigation Structures”. Roorkee. 6. Nem Chand and Bros Garg. 10. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company Sharma. Gupta SC. `Principles and Practice of Irrigation Engineering'. ‘The Fundamental Principles of Irrigtion and Water Power BIS Codes Wan. 4. Bharat Singh. New Delhi. I and II Saharsabudhe SR. Students should be asked to prepare and interpret drawings of various irrigation works. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. BC. E. Vol. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Standard Publishers Distributors Sharma. `Fundamentals of Irrigation Engineering'. 8. SK.20 INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY The teaching of the subject should be supplemented by field visits at regular intervals of time to expose the students to irrigation works. 2. Ltd. `Irrigation and Water Power Engineering'. 5. Gupta RL etc. Houk. Delhi. Delhi. 1 2 Time Allotted (Hrs) 1 4 Marks Allotted (%) 3 8 . Santosh Kumar. “Irrigation Engineering” Vol. I and II 7. Khanna Publishers Punmia. SUGGESTED DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS Topic No. `Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulics Structures'. and Pande Brij Bansi Lal. “Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures” Priyani BB. RK. 9.

21 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Total 4 5 4 7 5 5 4 2 4 3 64 8 11 8 13 9 9 8 7 9 7 100 .

mix carpeting Single span RCC slab culvert Earthwork for plain and hill roads RCC work in beams. irrigation works. slab. 2.3 4.4 4. bath. Introduction to quantity surveying and its importance.9 A small residential building with a flat roof comprising of Two rooms with W. T P - DETAILED CONTENTS 1. In addition. Preparation of Detailed and Abstract Estimates from Drawings for: 4. public health works and roads etc. Therefore.C..2 4. kitchen and verandah Earthwork for unlined channel Water supply lines WBM road and pre. column and lintel foundations Masonry retaining walls 10 users septic tank . they must have basic knowledge regarding analysis of rates. buildings.3 Units of measurement for various items of work as per BIS:1200 Rules for measurements Different methods of taking out quantities – centre line method and long wall and short wall method (20 hrs) 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.1 4.8 4. Measurement 3. principles of valuation. contracting.1 (3 hrs) 2.5 4.22 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND VALUATION L 5 RATIONALE Diploma holders in Civil Engineering are supposed to prepare material estimates for various Civil Engineering works namely.2 Preliminary estimates Plinth area estimate Cubic rate estimate Estimate per unit base Detailed estimates Definition Stages of preparation – details of measurement and calculation of quantities and abstract (3 hrs) 3.7 4. Duties of quantity surveyor (2 hrs) Types of estimates 2. this subject has great importance for diploma holders in Civil Engineering.

8 6. sundries. system of payment Single and two cover-bids. Requirement of material.3 5.1 6. Calculation of quantities of materials for hrs) 5.4 5. labour. painting Running and maintenance cost of construction equipment (8 hrs) 6. retention money. tender. superstructure and finishing operation . security deposit. Cement mortars of different proportion Cement concrete of different proportion Brick stone masonry in cement mortar Plastering and pointing White washing. maintenance period Types of contracting firms/construction companies Preparation of Tender Document based on Common Schedule Rates (CSR) (16 hrs) .Exercises on writing detailed specifications of different types of building works from excavation to foundations. contractor’s profit and overheads Analysis of rates for finished items when data regarding labour.6 5.23 5.2 Steps involved in the analysis of rates.1 5. tender notice.5 5. rates of material and labour is given: Earthwork in excavation in hard/ordinary soil and filling with a concept of lead and lift Cement concrete in foundation RCC in roof slab/beam/lintels/columns Brick masonry in cement mortar Cement Plaster White washing. their advantages. dis-advantages and suitability. submission of tender and deposit of earnest money. painting Cement concrete flooring Terrazzo flooring Bath room and toilet fittings (12 hrs) (10 Analysis of Rates 6.2 5.Exercises on preparing tender documents for the following a) Earth work b) Masonry works c) Construction of a small house as per given drawing .3 7 Contractorship - 8 Meaning of contract Qualities of a good contractor and their qualifications Essentials of a contract Types of contracts.Introduction to CSR . tender forms and documents.7 5.

c) Methods of valuation (i) replacement cost method (ii) rental return method (2 hrs) (4 hrs) INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY This is an applied engineering subject. Costing and Specification in Civil Engineering”. . Pasrija. “A Text Book on Estimating and Costing (Civil) with Drawings”. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. sinking fund. “Estimating and Costing 2. market value. aluminum (glazed) partitioning Construction of an Industrial shed Tile flooring Exercises on preparation of comparative statements for item rate contract Valuation a) Purpose of valuation. BS. “Estimating. Anand. Charotar Book Stall Kohli. “Estimating. D. 4. plastering and flooring f) White-washing. principles of valuation b) Definition of various terms related to valuation like depreciation. Teachers are expected to provide working drawings for various Civil Engineering works and students be asked to calculate the quantities of materials required for execution of such works and use of relevant software for preparing estimates. CL and S. distempering and painting g) Wood work including polishing h) i) j) k) 9. 3. Estimating and Costing”. M. Arora. Delhi. BN. 5. Ambala Ramesh Publications Chakraborti. It will be advantageous if students are given valuation reports for reading. Teachers should conceptualize making analysis of rates for different items of works. Inderjit Singh. New Asian Publishers Rangwala. Sanitary and water supply installations False ceiling. 10. and Kohli. salvage and scrap value. fair rent. RC. HD. Calcutta Dutta. Costing and Valuation (Civil)”. year’s purchase etc.24 d) RCC works e) Pointing.

25 SUGGESTED DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS Topic No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total Time Allotted (Hrs) 2 3 3 20 10 12 8 16 2 4 80 Marks Allotted (%) 3 4 4 19 12 17 12 19 3 7 100 .

For this purpose. they may be sent to: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) xii) Building construction sites Water treatment plant Sewage treatment plant River valley projects Crusher plant.4 Minor project work aims at exposing the students to field practices. construction of railway track.26 MINOR PROJECT WORK (INDUSTRY ORIENTED) L T P . each student is supposed to study the operations at site and prepare a detailed project report of the observations/processes seen by him/her. canal lining. The teachers along with field supervisors will conduct performance assessment of students. Each teacher may guide a group of 4 – 5 students. size and scale of operations and work culture at works sites. tunnel. students during middle of course. These students should be guided by respective subject teachers. Brick kiln Highway construction site Material and Soil testing laboratory Soil investigation projects Hydel Power Project Land surveying projects Community development works Any other constructional site like bridge. irrigation works etc Quality control projects xiii) As a minor project activity. Depending on the interests of the students. are required to be sent at different work sites where some construction activities are in progress or some operations are going on. Some of the projects are suggested below: . Cement Manufacturing Plant.

and explain the same in their project report. processes observed by the students during their visit: Shortcomings in the works (site) and their remedial measures should be suggested by the students. 2. 50% marks will be given by industrial/field supervisors and 50% marks by the teacher supervising this work. working. External examiner will ask the questions on the construction. drawings of L-section and x-sections Estimation of white washing and distempering in hostel building Preparation of detailed estimate with drawings of septic tank for 30-40 users Plumbing work and installation of PVC over-head water tank on a toilet block and then prepare report Identification of water-supply fittings and replacement of defective fittings and then prepare report. Survey of a village approach road. 6.27 1. This Industry oriented minor project work will carry 50 marks for internal assessment . Each student will prepare the project report of the activities observed by him. 3. They will study the whole process of the plant. Replacement of window by door or vice versa Repair of plaster of a wall in polytechnic campus 5. Presentation of their technical report in their respective class for internal assessment. 4. . The suggestive components of evaluation may include the following: a) b) c) d) e) Punctuality and regularity Initiative in learning new things Relationship with workers Industrial training report Seminar based on Project 15% 15% 15% 40% 15% A group of students not exceeding 5 may visit one or more sites mentioned above. 7.

1 Task planning and organizing 3. It is proposed that a camp of 3-4 days duration on Generic Skills Development (GSD) during 5th semester be organized by arranging expert lectures/discussion sessions either by polytechnic teachers or by eminent educationists from the neighborhood to deal with the following topics. storage and retrieval 1.28 GENERIC SKILL DEVELOPMENT CAMP – I As per general feedback received from the employers regarding Technician Engineers during formal interactions. in addition to technical knowledge and skills. We have. 3.3 Task evaluation 3. Suggested list of topics for arranging lectures/discussion sessions: 1.3 2.2 2. The attendance of students should be compulsory and marks be awarded under provision of Student Centred Activities.2 Reading skills 1.3 Analysis of data 4. information extraction.2 Task execution 3. added papers such as English and Communication Skills and Entrepreneurship Development and Management in the curriculum in addition to proposed camps of 3-4 days to be conducted in polytechnics on common and vital issues e. Task Management 3. managing self etc. problem solving. managing task.2 Steps in action research 4. It is envisaged that such camps will bring in a significant improvement in confidence level and personality of the pass outs from polytechnics. Independent Study Technique 1. inter-personal relationship. Entrepreneurship Development and Generic Skill Development.1 2.4 Introduction Time Management Stress and emotions Health and hygiene 2.4 Conclusions and report writing 4. Environmental Awareness. therefore. Few students may also be encouraged to prepare on some of these topics and make presentation during the camp.1 Importance and Scope 4. team work. Expert lectures must be followed by distribution of relevant handouts for further study. . the pass outs of polytechnics are labeled of falling short of employable skills which comprises of Communication.1 Information search.g.4 Event management Action Research 4.3 Life long learning 1.4 Continuing education 2. leadership qualities.

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