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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
Usually. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. . to get the beauty of the stitch. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. Yet. which I have named. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. making a loop.2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch.
Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. as illustrated. It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top. . Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately.
Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom. taken both ways along the running stitch. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. to give it a final ‘chain’ look. Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH .
Using these as the base. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. . NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. many variations can be created using a different thread. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. You can try out your own variations. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown. you do not pluck the fabric underneath. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. Now.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. Bring out through near the first stitch. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect.
as shown. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated. Variety 2 Again. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. while doing this. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. . Note that the stitches W. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. X. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect. Again. B. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. Z lie right below A. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. C and D. Y. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this.
and so forth. This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. and so forth. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. take another thread and bring it out from near A. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. Take the needle under the stitches A and W.7 Fig 1: Now. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. C and Y. Note that A lies between W and X. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. as shown. Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. as illustrated. X lies between A and B. Variety 1 . Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . ‘Step’ the second row. Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row.
without plucking the fabric underneath. Variety 2 . Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. pass the needle under B and X. Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch.8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. Now. turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A. Fig 2: Now.
Now. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . pass the needle under the thread. Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. as shown in the picture.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. and then under X. You will get your first twisted pattern. Fig 2: Again. pass it from under B. This makes the second twisted pattern. taking the needle from beneath the thread.
He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. As. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. This will help understand the technique. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. Looking at the history of it. start a return journey with the same working thread. shown in this illustration. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch. She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. It is a combination of black work. Fig 2: Now. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. Black work is done using only black thread. or holbein stitch and cross stitch. who was a German artist. but later. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too.
11 the first onward journey. Variation 2: . Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. You can use a different colored thread for creative effects.
Fig 1 .12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns. PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch. A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2.
(Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. For that. . you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. Lay the foundation of running stitch. 3.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. Continue such filling that ultimately. you get a design of straight line. only this time. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. if you want to give it a different touch or look. Take a return journey using running stitch. Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. However. (Fig 1) 2.
dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th.10th century. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side . Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra.14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too. This art of embroidery. It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work.
Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. You will finish up with a temple like design. Note that C lies exactly below B. (Fig 2) 4. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. Check the reverse pattern. Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. we will fill the gaps to finish the design. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . (Fig 4) Now. (Fig 1) 2.15 1. (Fig 3). Bring it through C and take it in through D.
it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. (Fig 7). (Fig 5) 6. 9. it will look like an identical design. If you check the reverse. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. You will finally finish the temple design. . Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. (Fig 5) 7. (Fig 6) 8. You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z.16 5. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. Of course. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature.
You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. Then. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. starting from A and ending at B. This lesson. however. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch. While mending torn fabric. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. . turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D.
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