Narasimham Committee Report I - 1991

The Narsimham Committee was set up in order to study the problems of the Indian financial system and to suggest some recommendations for improvement in the efficiency and productivity of the financial institution.

The committee has given the following major recommendations:1. Reduction in the SLR and CRR : The committee recommended the reduction of the higher proportion of the Statutory Liquidity Ratio 'SLR' and the Cash Reserve Ratio 'CRR'. Both of these ratios were very high at that time. The SLR then was 38.5% and CRR was 15%. This high amount of SLR and CRR meant locking the bank resources for government uses. It was hindrance in the productivity of the bank thus the committee recommended their gradual reduction. SLR was recommended to reduce from 38.5% to 25% and CRR from 15% to 3 to 5%. 2. Phasing out Directed Credit Programme : In India, since nationalization, directed credit programmes were adopted by the government. The committee recommended phasing out of this programme. This programme compelled banks to earmark then financial resources for the needy and poor sectors at confessional rates of interest. It was reducing the profitability of banks and thus the committee recommended the stopping of this programme.

3. Interest Rate Determination : The committee felt that the interest rates in India are regulated and controlled by the authorities. The determination of the interest rate should be on the grounds of market forces such as the demand for and the supply of fund. Hence the committee recommended eliminating government controls on interest rate and phasing out the concessional interest rates for the priority sector.

Removal of Dual control : Those days banks were under the dual control of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Banking Division of the Ministry of Finance (Government of India). In order to pursue competitiveness and efficiency. Three to four big banks including SBI should be developed as international banks. Eight to Ten Banks having nationwide presence should concentrate on the national and universal banking services. They recommended that the government should assure that henceforth there won't be any nationalization and private and foreign banks should be allowed liberal entry in India. It considered and recommended that the RBI should be the only main agency to regulate banking in India. It would help banks to get rid of bad debts. 7. Banking Autonomy : The committee recommended that the public sector banks should be free and autonomous. Local banks should concentrate on region specific banking. 6. The committee recommended the establishment of an Asset Reconstruction Fund (ARF). Regarding the RRBs (Regional Rural Banks). 5. . This fund will take over the proportion of the bad and doubtful debts from the banks and financial institutes.4. Establishment of the ARF Tribunal : The proportion of bad debts and Nonperforming asset (NPA) of the public sector Banks and Development Financial Institute was very alarming in those days. it recommended that they should focus on agriculture and rural financing. The committee recommended the stepping of this system. banks must enjoy autonomy so that they can reform the work culture and banking technology upgradation will thus be easy. Structural Reorganizations of the Banking sector : The committee recommended that the actual numbers of public sector banks need to be reduced. Some of these recommendations were later accepted by the Government of India and became banking reforms.

poverty eradication. the RBI has to play a major role. Only a few of its recommendations became banking reforms of India As far as recommendations regarding bank restructuring. directed credit programmes. Internal autonomy for the banks in their decision making process. methods and procedures of banks in India. . The narasimham committee (1991) assumed that the financial resources of the commercial banks from the general public and were by the banks in trust and that the bank funds were to be deployed for maximum benefit of the depositors. M. strengthening the regulation are concerned. health and efficiency of the nationalized banks under the pretext of using banks funds for social banking. y y y Ensuring a degree of operational flexibility. the broad pattern should consist of. management freedom. the narasimham committee aimed at achieving three major changes in the banking sector in India.The Committee was first set up in 1991 under the chairmanship of Mr. Narasimham who was 13th governor of RBI. narasimham committee recommendations covered such subjects as directed investments. the narasimham committee (1991) proposed substantial reduction in number of public sector banks through mergers and acquisition. etc. In Structural Reorganization of The Banking System To bring about greater efficiency in banking operations. Greater degree of professionalism in banking operations. it will prove to be fruitful in making Indian banks more profitable and efficient. If the major recommendations of this committee are accepted. According to committee. structural of rate of interest. structural reorganization of the Indian banking system. and organization. This assumption automatically implied that even the government had no business to endanger the solvency. Accordingly. Towards this end.

y Since the country had already a network of rural and semi-urban branches. the system of licensing of branches with the objective of spreading the banking habit should be discontinued. The government should make declaration that no further banks be nationalized. provided they conform to the minimum start-up capital and other requirements.y y Three or four large banks including SBI should become international in character. y Foreign banks are allowed to open their branches in India either as fully owned or subsidiaries. . y The quality of control over the banking system between RBI and the banking division of ministry and finance should end forthwith and RBI should be the primary agency for regulation. y Foreign banks and Indian banks are allowed to set-up joint ventures in regard to merchant and investment banking. the narasimham committee (1991) recommended that. y The various guidelines issued by government or RBI in regard to internal administration should be examined in the context of the independence and autonomy of bank. y y Each bank should be free and autonomous. y y The rest should remain as local banks with operations be confined to a specific region. Eight to ten banks should national bank with wide network of branches through out the country. This would improve efficiency. On Organization And Methods And Procedures In Banks In order to tone up the working of the banks.administration should be avoided and greater reliance should be placed on internal audit and internal inspection. y The appointment of chief executive of bank and the board of directors should not be based on political considerations but on professionalism and integrity. RBI should permit the establishment of new banks in the private sector. y Over. Banks should have freedom to open branches.regulation and over.ranging innovations taking place. so to become competitive internally and to be in step with wide. Every bank should go for a radical change in working technology and culture.

the progressive economist who generally championed the public sector banks. The government however accepted many of the recommendations of the narasimham committee (1991). The public sector banks has been used and abused by the government. . The narasimham committee was forthright in apportioning the blame to the government of India and the finance ministry of this sad state of affairs.So despite impressive quantitative achievements in resources mobilization and in extending the credit reach. the officials and the bank employees and the trade unions. The recommendations of narasimham committee(1991) has been revolutionary in many aspects and were opposed by trade unions and even by finance ministry of central government and of course. Several public sector banks had become weak financially and were unable to meet the challenges of the competitive environment. several distortions had crept into the banking system over the years.

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