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CIVIL ENGINEERING STATE POLYTECHNIC OF JAKARTA 2011

We make this paper purpose to help our friends to more than understand about compound-complex sentenceS. In this paper we describe about compound-complex sentences.PREFACE Thank you to God Almighty for His blessing and help in finishing this paper. compound and complex sentence too because they are related. this paper can be benefited for us all. Actually. any suggestions either about its defeciencis or for the improvement of this paper will be warmly appreciated. Hopefully. Thank you too for Mrs. They have any different very obvious. We realize that this paper is still far from perfection. therefore. And if you have been understand about compound-complex sentence so you can understand simple. Februari 2011 Publisher 2 . this sentence is complicated because combined from compound sentence and complex sentence but I believe this sentence easy enough to learned . Eri and my friends who help and support us to finishing this paper well. So. in this paper we completed with examples and its solution. We would like to express our appreciation to those who have helped and supported to publish this paper. so we can analyze their different easily.

compound........... 12 BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………….CONTENTS COVER…………………………………………………………………………….... 1 PREFACE…………………………………………………………………………. 11 RESUME…………………………………………………………………………....... 6 d) Identifying Compound and Complex Sentences ……………………… 9 e) Constructing Compound-Complex Sentences ………………………… 9 3 4 f) Different simple.……………………………... 2 CONTENTS………………………………………………………………………........ 10 g) Examples………...... CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………...... 13 3 ..........…………………………………………………….. complex and compound-complex sentences ………………………………………….. CHAPTER II : COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCES a) Definition……………………………………………………………… 5 b) Understanding Clauses………………………………………………… 5 c) Diagramming the Compound-Complex Sentence.....

To clear this statement so better we classification different between simple. The coordinators are as follows: for. so. The first sentence structure in english is the simple sentence. nor. A verb clause is an independent clause that is formed by a subject and a predicate. 4 . Complex sentences consist of one verb clause (one independent clause) and one or more adverb clauses (dependent clauses). Compound sentences consist of two or more verb clauses (independent clauses) joined by a coordinating conjunction or a correlating and coordinating conjunction pair. or which. yet. An adverb clause is a dependent clause that is formed by a subordinating conjunction followed by a clause. and. In other words. complex and compound-complex sentence. so we can analyze their different easily. The fourth sentence structure in English is the compound-complex sentence. compound sentence. and compound-complex sentence. complex sentence. From that definition. Compound-complex sentences consist of two or more verb clauses (independent clauses) and one or more adverb clauses (dependent clauses). A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because. we know that they are related. Their different is very obvious. or. compound. In english. after. there 4 sentence structure such as simple sentence. Verb clauses are also referred to as main clauses or matrix clauses. since. or when or a relative pronoun such as that. Compoundcomplex sentences is a combination elements of a compound and complex sentences. who. but. compound-complex sentences are combinations of one or more compound sentences and one or more complex sentences. Simple sentences consist of one verb clause (one independent clause).CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION We will described about compound-complex sentences. The second sentence structure in English is the compound sentence. The adverb clauses may either precede or follow the verb clause. although. The third sentence structure in English is the complex sentence.

whoever. Understanding how to construct the compoundcomplex sentence will help you take your writing to a new level of complexity. Example: When the dog barks. Example: The dog barks. All grammatically correct sentences have at least one independent clause. and I was surprised. 5 . • Independent Clause An independent clause makes a statement or asks a question that can act as a complete sentence. There are two types of clauses: the independen clause and the dependent clause. I see no clouds. • Dependent Clause A dependent clause cannot act as a complete sentence because it begins with a subordinating word. and. such as when. compound-complex sentences are combinations of one or more compound sentences and one or more complex sentences. etc. ⊛ Understanding Clauses A clause is comprised of at least one subject and one verb. It is the most sophisticated type of sentence you can use. but the weather report predicted rain. we can know that compound-complex sentence is combines elements of compound and complex sentences. • Pattern compound-complex sentence When I looked into the mirror. As I look out the window. if. they have at least one subject and one verb. From that definition. In other words.CHAPTER II COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCES ⊛ Definition Compound-complex sentences consist of two or more verb clauses (independent clauses) and one or more adverb clauses (dependent clauses). therefore. I saw an old man. because.

How cookies are made is a noun clause acting as the direct object of the verb explained. here is one with a noun clause acting as the direct object of one of the independent clauses. ⊛ Diagramming the Compound-Complex Sentence The independent clauses are pretty simple and boring.Whenever the old man walked around the mansion. subject + predicate. of course. adverb clauses. it's easy to tell that it's a noun clause because the whole clause is taking up the place of the direct object. Noun Clause For instance. The sentence diagram will look different depending on what type of subordinate clause you have. and noun clauses. he wanted hide his money. (There are adjective clauses. coordinating conjunction subject + predicate. But remember that subordinate clauses can have any number of jobs. 6 . They are able to stand all alone without any help from anything else. Rachael Ray explained how cookies are made. for he feared his children would steal it from him.which is a noun job. and we practiced her techniques at home. And. • Pattern: Subordinating conjunction subject + predicate.

but her cookies taste funny. 7 . (that) Kari gave me is an adjective clause modifying the noun recipe.Adjective Clause Here a sentence with an adjectival subordinate clause. The word (that) is an elliptical relative pronoun. It's easy to see that the subordinate clause is acting as an adjective because it is modifying the subject. They can modify any noun or pronoun in a sentence. (See how the subordinate clause is connected to the subject with a dotted line?). I would have used the recipe Kari gave me. Adjective clauses don't have to modify the subject.

Because we had lots of cookies is an adverb clause modifying the verb had. 8 . You can tell the clause is acting as an adverb because it is modifying a verb. here is a basic sentence diagram with the subordinate clause being an adverb clause. we had a party. and our guests ate the freshly baked treats. Because we had lots of cookies.Adverb Clause And finally.

or so) and a comma or by a semicolon alone. and he enjoyed it very much. I warmed it in the microwave. Example: The pirate captain lost her treasure map. • The Complex Sentence A complex sentence combines a dependent clause with an independent clause.⊛ Identifying Compound and Complex Sentences • The Compound Sentence A compound sentence is made up of two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (for. When the dependent clause is placed before the independent clause. and. 9 . Example: Laura forgot her friend's birthday. otherwise. the two clauses are divided by a comma. Example: Though Mitchell prefers watching romantic films. no punctuation is necessary. but. ⊛ Constructing Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence is comprised of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. nor. or. yet. Example: Because the soup was too cold. but she still found the buried treasure. he rented the latest spy thriller. so she sent her a card when she finally remembered.

complex sentences can be a little more difficult to grasp. 10 . For those of you who are unsure of syntactical terms. ↷ A simple sentence is actually a clause or main clause. the subordinate clause cannot stand alone and needs the main clause to be considered a complete thought. as is the rule for compound sentences. Complex sentences have a single main clause. Refer to your Commas 101 handout for tips on correct comma usage ⊛ Different simple. 'as I put my coat on.main clause) A subordinate clause is a little different to a main clause.Because compound-complex sentences are normally longer than other sentences. ↷ A compound complex sentence is simply a complex sentence that has an extra main clause attached to it. that depends. 'I looked out the window but I couldn't see any rain. It also.' The 'but' is the coordinating conjunction here. This is a sentence or statement that contains more than one main clause and has one or more subordinate clauses. So as you may gather.' (simple sentence . • For instance. we get. this type of sentence can be very long and elaborate.. • For instance. The coordinating conjunction makes the two independent sentences into one long one. Now. it is very important to punctuate them correctly. of course.' is an incomplete sentence or statement. 'as I put my coat on. this type of sentence must have two main clauses and also a subordinate clause. Ok. complex and compound-complex sentences Compound complex sentences are the most complicated and difficult sentences to write well. It must be linked to a main clause.' (subordinate clause) As we can see. ↷ A compound sentence is two main clauses (simple sentences) linked together by a coordinating conjunction. 'As I put my coat on. Well. The extra main clause is of course attached by a coordinating conjunction. A subordinate clause cannot stand alone. • If we join together our earlier examples. I believe these sentences are not too difficult to write.' As we learnt earlier. once you understand and are comfortable with the syntactical terms and rules. a clause is a group of words that contains a subject and predicate. must contain a verb. 'I looked out the window.. but also have a subordinate clause attached to the main clause. compound. Both main clauses in a compound sentence could stand alone as simple sentences. • For example. I looked out the window.

‘He got up’ = coordinate clause ‘(he) rushed to the door’ = coordinate clause = COMPOUND SENTENCE ‘he rushed to the door’ = main clause ‘when he heard some noise’ = subordinate clause = COMPLEX SENTENCE This sentence has a compound sentence and a complex sentence in it. therefore. We decided that the movie was too violent. and also one or more subordinate clauses. • • • independent clause: "I haven't had the time to go lately" independent clause: "I haven't found anyone to go with" dependent clause: "Although I like to go camping.So to sum up. 'As I put my coat on. Although I like to go camping. and I haven't found anyone to go with. but I couldn't see any rain.. I haven't had the time to go lately. " 2. we have two main clause attached by a coordinating conjunction. • • • independent clause: "We decided that the movie was too violent" independent clause: "(but) our children thought that we were wrong" dependent clause: who like to watch scary movies 11 . it is called a COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE ⋟ 1. thought that we were wrong. I looked out the window. but our children. • For example. who like to watch scary movies..' ⊛ Examples He got up and (he) rushed to the door when he heard some noise.

They have different and have characteristics each other and their different is very obvious. and complex sentences in english sentence structure. so we can analyze their different easily. 12 . we can know that compound-complex sentence is combines elements of compound and complex sentences. In other words. It is the most sophisticated type of sentence you can use. Understanding how to construct the compound-complex sentence will help you take your writing to a new level of complexity. compound-complex sentences are combinations of one or more compound sentences and one or more complex sentences. Beside compound-complex sentences. compound. And if you have been understand about compound-complex sentence so you can understand simple.RESUME Compound-complex sentences consist of two or more verb clauses (independent clauses) and one or more adverb clauses (dependent clauses). compound and complex sentence too because they are related. From that definition. there simple.

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