!

" -
m
2
s ~ ~
~ ::tJ
~ ~ 2
~ <: ~ITI ~ m
S(o ~ --- rn -
2 CJ r- ~
~ d n> ~ E IJ
~ e ~ ..
== ~ ,V'J~ ,
~ ~n s;: c
~ ~ g o~
._. 0 ~
0 §' <: '-4~
<:: s G).(:'
r-
~ ..:s 01.('
(fj~
0 --i '"')
\,
-- JOl,

en ~ 0° 0° c;- O - -< "0 :;: -<
m 1/1 ... zr :Y 0 (3 :::s-
.., s: sr 0 0 C1I '" "0 3 (1) iiio
-4 !!!o 7'<" :Y 0 c:
m 0 (1) =20 0 - sr g n ...
3: ., c;- o iilo 0 < 0 (1)
... a 1/1 .D e.. :l 0 Q 3 3
m 3 c: s: 0 a: 7'<" c:
::u 0 0° CD ... c)" ~o 0
3° ~ => .....
::l "JI'C" "0 0. '"' 0. c: §: "JI'C"
NO ... a. 0" (1) (1) 0 ~ 1/1 0 -0
co Ci)
co (1) ..... 3 1/1 ::l 0° cr
co 0.0 s, co a 0 ..00 0 a Ci)
Q III ::l
~ iE' !:; 9- ... ::l 3° in n; :::0
0. en 2- cr
III '" (1) CD 0° 0
!" ::l ::l 3° 2- '" ... n; 0
0 ::;0 < e: CD c; "JI'C" I:%j
(1) c;; sr '"
~ '" n -$. n; 0 2-
a .... 0 c: :Y
Q (3 c;- ::l :Y en ::l ::l '""%j
< < 3° (1) 0 0° "0
0. 0. ::l co (1) 0
0 c: ::l 0.0 0 !" Q. 3" >
0
c: ::;0 0 0 0° =>
... a. '" 0 5°
0.0 :::l ~ -< 1/1 (J
0 9: 0 0
(1) 0 2- ~ :::s- N°
:::l s: CO ... co
n 3 I:%j
3: c:r S. CO
~ !i "U 0 3
... 0" ... n 0 0°
:'0 0° "JI'C" 0 "JI'C" CO
0° 1/1 ::l .....
1/1 co '" 0.0
<: Ci) ? < 5° 0 => ., 1/1 CO
fTI c:r 1/1 Q. 0.0 0 a.
z 2- 1/1 0 5° 1/1 0
Vl c: ~ c:
;;:00: 0. zr CT 0 1/1 '" < ... a
» 0 cr c; 0 ~ (1) n
'"
-f 2- 0 Ci) !!!.. So !" -< 0. 3
fTI 7'<"
VI
:x:
----
.... ·1
-. -.-~----.- -----_--_. __ (

~-. __ ._._o. _00.

-<

~o . r _. C

::t 3:

fTI

~$~~~$ ~33333

~. ~ 3 3 3 3 3

g II " II II II II

-r

= s· ~ C> -I I

c~, r> I' ( ~ {~'- ( -=-' -
n' --t ~
::0
0 .. C) >
.. ..
n ~. .. n n ~. ~ . ~ .. s: 0 --t
s· 0 ~ n Z B
0 :> ~ :> :> '" ... ..... 0
§. CS> CS> CS> CS> n n ~. ~. CS> CS> CS>
0 0 51 51 :> :> ,\ I + iii:
+ + :> :> '& '& 0 n !!l ~
n n s· '& '& '& '& 2- 0 >
51 51 n n .. s· I + I + :> .. ::0
0 51 s I + ~ ~ ... ... ..... ~ --t
.. .. .. ~ ~ ~ ~ CS> CS> CS> 5
.. .. .. .. ..
II " b ~
'" '" n n ~. ~.
..::::. ..::::. ..::::. I N 0 0 :> :> ::0
N n ~. 0 0 .. IA CS> CS> iii: >
'" N '" n :> :> CS> CS> C
.. 0 0 ~ + CS> n n ~
'n _a: s: ~ CS> n n 0 0 ~
n ~. <, 0 0 + 0 0 .. ..
0 :> 51 ..::::. <, .. ..
.. ..::::. '" :> :> .. ..
'& '& ~ N ~ ~ CS> 0 ~ 0 .. .. --t
+ ~ ~ '& ::> ::> +
+ ~ I '& + 0 0 + I ;;0
~ ~ + + .. ::> .. ::> .. n n ~
+ + I + .. .. n ~. 111. ~ 0
~. n .. n .... .. .. ::> ::> ~
n 'W," 0 CS> S
0 " 0 j_ ~ .!!!..
IA '& .. ~ ~. ~. .. ~
'& I '& <; ....... <, ~. s·
I ~ + § '" ~ ..
~ ~ N § .. .. .. ~
~ '&
'& I I
I I ~ ~ --t
~ ~ ;;0
In
~
~
~
~
IQ
~ f
§ ~. ~ I~ ~
s ~ NI~ .;. o ;. ~
... g
+ "'I[
I If .,
<T * IW'
~ <T ~ ... :> i-
+ ...
~ + CD
S' '" .6
" If n * • 5'
... If ~
0 I ~
.. I~'
0 "'I! n ,.
... ~ n 5'
e, •
L.:._l ,..
• II"
i ::r
~Ia ..
.. "'I;
r-:.:;---l !'
+1 .,-
] .l). c-
+
~
N
l__.__j
n - .~ -~----

-- __ . -

. - . . .

-- _- _-- _- _- -- -- -_

-_ -_

~

!" !"
,..
.., ,..,
VI '" " .r- .z
~ 0 ~
" ~I- s:
0 0 ~~ .... !:': ....
Q. ~ is ~. ::r
::0 ::0 -< CT 7@ l!
_'" ~ >< ....... ~. ~ ~ g:
+ .., 0"
" >< §. 3 !!1. ~. m ii ~ ii
'"
0 0 :J: t: '" + ::0 ::0 .. 3· " [
::0 ::0 n " 3 0 '" '" ~
" !!1. !!1. 13
• 5!. ... .. ,. ,. ~ s·
"'0 on '" '" ..,
m ~ .. -g
-I q s· on
<, 0 0
~ s: ,. g, ~
N " i
os a 0
-:;- " '" Q. "
~ ,.
<, 'N Ul ~~ !
'" - ;.:,
• ,
Ul ~t.H :...
• ~ !'"
+
~ q
CD ~ e ~ ,... i"; r- r- r- r- r- @I
-z, '" ~ = ~~ ~ ,.., ~ i"; ~
.. 0 n .. 5;1Q]Q]
" " c... " 0 Q] 0
'" " 0 + + ~ " " n
~ ~ ~ r- ill· ,... ,... OD '" r-
" " q
'" ~ 0 ~ R-g_ q ~
,.., .. r-,
+ + c... ,. ~ 0 i"; CD ~
0 .., ;0; •
.. CD ..
> i"; .,. " " Q]
~ c... [ .. D
'" § § c "
.., n 0
+ , 5!. .s Q. '" ."
::>. ~
'" '" + 0 r-
~ ~ n .. ~
~ 2- CD ~
" " AI
-<
I.., _g n .. ~
.s Q]
.8 ~
01?
i ~ '=V ~~. fJ Q ~ ~ ~ ,
~
~
n ~ t1
n 0 .... ,

.... , T .... ,

i_::o

.....

;0
~ ! 5 VJ·~ II> VI
" ~~ ~:s 11>" " II> Vl I
,..., 8~ ,..., :I: N:I: " 0
;0 z~ zQ ~g 0 ..... :I:
s ~:3! z;o ..... c:
0 00 0;0 ~~ ..... ~ ;0 0
Q Q ~~ ..... .., ~s;? .....
;oc:
0 ~ r=
0
~I'" n ~
~~ C ;;:0
~ .."
I_I '" "'I~ ~
;;;1-", ::l '" '" '" '" ~8
... ". ::l ::l .. ::l { );!Vl ~
~ "i> 3- 3- 3-
... ". C
.!::: ~ ... ;:0
'''' .::::. I ~ ~
c:: ~ ,.., ~
~
'1::l
"'I::l ::l "'". ~
... ". ". ~I~ ~ .... 1 ... C§
'"
CD 1- ::l -::;- .. ~ .-
... c c
... • Is! ... :I: ~
'" ~. ". ~ .. ,..,
"5» '=E ...
:T ...
~ ~
~ f~ - -- ~ zi1 ft]1 0 ~
0 e; ~
L 1 ~
~::J h,-l h,-l :I:
". f7;l
- ZlS

- ~ _-_ - - .- --.--- ~~. --------------

- -_-- .. -~.

- - - -
-- - - - ~
GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF PLANE SECTIONS :J
,.,
SECTION POSITION OF I.IOMENT OF SECTION I.IOOULI ~
AREA CENTROID INERTIA ~
0 0 -.
Ixx=bhJ /36 Zxx C
::.
w bose=bh2/12 iii:
-' A = bh/2 e.= h/J lyy=hbJ/48 c
(!) ~
;: X opex=bh2/24
0:= loo=bhJ /4
,_ b
Ibb=bhJ/12 Zyy=~/24

m Ixx=bd'/12
'::l Ixx=bd2/6
(!)
~ A = bd e.= d/2 Iyy=db' /12
u Zyy=db2/6
w lbb=bd'/3
0:=
_._--_.-_.- -
In= Zn=
e.~ b'd' b2d2
A = bd ~ b2t d2 6(~)
6(b1t d2)

._- ._--_- -----_- GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF PLANE SECTIONS

SECTION AREA POSITION or I.IOl.lENT or SECTON l.lOOlJU
CENTROID INERTIA
I'~r e.= Ixx = ZII =
A = bd b.sinttd.cos. bd(tf.sinl, tc&os2 'l bd(tf.si~ ttc&os2,)
2 12 6(b.sin'td.cos,)
olis thr0U9h C.C.
V
~ ,- [S ~ r;;r.' e. = s/2 Ixx= iyy= s· /12 Zxx=Zyy=sJ /6
w A = 52
~ Ibb = s4 /3 Zw = $'
=> e. = _!_
0 rr 6ff
VI I .. = s4 /12
~ ,
.s; -----.~
, In
e.,= d(20tb) Ixx = dJ(02 t40btb2 Zxx = d-e"
2m
::> , 3(otb) J6(otb) (two values)
N I ... A = d(otb)/2
~ X·_- - .:; X Iyy =d(o\.02btob1tb') Zyy = £In
b
,_ l-...-.!--l 48
'y - - ---- - ---------.--.;:__::-:......::;....;~

..... _--_ .. -~-----------------

GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF PLANE SECTIONS

N o

SECTION AREA POSITION OF MOMENT OF SECTION MODULI
CENTROID INERTIA
r~lt·,- I .. =
, '/16("8/90' -sin28) Z .. =
II = .... '/I2A 20,'(I-C058)3 bose = lui e,
- "a-l80 sint crown = in/b-e..
r2f '.=
T 180 ;i", eo-r.cos(a/2) Iyy= Zyy = 2 frt/c
,'/48("a/30-
8sinatsin2a)
~; 1 .. =lo-J6O' /811
1,- ~rc/. 5io2 (a/2)(4, 4/9) lxx =
§~~ J centre = in/e..
~=tl36O')1!'; ... ,Ic/JA 1yy=~(ira/'80-sina) crown = in/r-e.
~ .r lyy • 2 frt/c
"'0 0 1o=r:(1II/18O' +sine)
~
I u~ A = 11,2/4 '.- 0.4241 lxx = fyy = 0.0549r' Minimum 'lOW
X ~ X Iy. D.1r' Ibb = O.I96Jr' In = lyy = O.0953tl
._. 0.107' Iw = 0.07141' 1uu = O.IOO9rl
Iw • O.0J84r 4 lw = O.064r l
V U GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF PLANE SECTIONS

SECTION AREA POSITION OF MOMENT or , SECTION MODULI
CENTROID INERTIA
,_ ~ I .. = '" = 0.0076<' llinimum Vow
z 'I_ o.mr 1n = ZY'I = 0.0097r 1
....., ... I.Il9I1t
::Ii U, luu = 0.012r'
....., X~RX
.....J A = 0.2146< 'I_ 0.101, Zuu = 0.017r1
0. Iw = O.OOl'r4
::Ii V N~ u .••• O.J11t ZW = 0.0079r1
0
u '0· O.J!lIr
Iyy U
....., -f- 1,- a In • 0.71lS4bo1 1n = 0.71lS4bo2
!r
::::; II = lIob .,. b Zyy = 0.78540b2
.....J '" = 0.7IlS4ob 1
.....,
....., -~~ In = O.I098b0J
'"
0. ... 0.4240 Zn - bose = 0.2587bo2
::::; A = lIab/2
.....J
....., .,. b Iyy = 0.3927obJ lxx-crown = 0.1907bo2
~
....., ~ lbo .. = 0.3927boJ Zyy = 0.392iob2
'" GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF PLANE SECTIONS

SECTION AREA POSITION OF MOMENT OF SE CTON MQOULI RADIUS OF
CENTROID INERTIA ABOUT XX GYRATION
X:_~_fX 0.7071 (d?-dz1 0.4620dl 0.OJ99(dI4-dz4) (-d~ 0.2376./(d?+dj)
0.0863 T
OCTAGONAl. CEll
,e, n J ~ n J ~
n d -(bd -~d, T2d(bd -~d, 'lbdJ-~dI8
T(bd-b,d,) 64
2 = 0.0491 (bdl_b, d,~ =O.~bdl ~~ dtj 4 bd-b, d,
HOlLOW EWPSE
X-~-X bd - bId, .s, bdl_~ d,l bd3_~ dtl J~ bdl_~ dtl
~~~'rOR 2 12 -6d-- '~2(bd - b,d"j
,~, J2 ~b4 _ ~4) J(b\~ b,2)
b2 _ b,2 b b4 _ b,4 12 b
J'[ = 0.7071 ~ 12 = 0.It7B~b4 ~ b,4)
HOllOW SO. ON
EOCE GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF PLANE SECTIONS
SECTION AREA POSITION OF MOMENT OF SECTON IoIOOUU RADIUS OF
CENTROID INERTIA ABOUT XX GYRATION
X0-X n(Ri - R12) R. ~ (R.4 _ R14) 1!. ~R.4 - R"'\ J(P} + lit')
4 R../ 2
HOllOW CIRCLE
X~X y = Re-y, 0.1098(R.4-Rj4)-
~(Ri - R12) ~J_ ~J) ~ 0.2829R]~(Re -Rj ~ 1 J(~J
N HOllOW SEIiI 2 y,= ~ Re + ~ ) y
CJI ORCLE
~O.l (Re-Rj )Ral 1 = 11.1 1 = 11.1
X-&_tX 0.6495 (d?-dz1 J3 I ( d4)
"4 dl = 0.4lJOdI J.1l3J8(dI4-dz4) 0.0780 I ~I 2 0.2281J(dI2+dj)
~EXAGONAI. CElL
~f
x:;f . X ~S2= 0.433~ y=0.57745 0.0 1 eos4 O.Ol13SJ
W-1 YI =0.28875 0.20415
EQUILATERAl.
TRIANGlE 9L5

~! -- -- -- ,_., - --, -- - -- -- -- -- -- --
-- --' -- -- -- -- --' -- -- -- -- -- -- ---..
GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF SECTIONS
Distances to Moment of Ine<tla Sect;"., ..........
Area _Ius 01
Extreme Fibres I c,rot;".,
Section A "I ond "I, s-~ <r)
m b , ~ 3144 I .p;
~ - 1. Id+2J(.+n) Y-"2 T2 [ d-h)+II+ (b-l )J y
D .. g-.Iope 01 lIon~_(nL.) +tI-(h-l)f{b-I)-1/6 lor stondard oecl;QnS
~H-J.--I~
~~J ..
y- ~ , txt'! ' 44J
ld+tkl+d) T2 [ - 119 (h-I ) I .p;
~-sIope 01 Ilong._(nL.) +tI-(h-l}f{b-I)-1/a lor Iiondord NCUon. y
2
m~ Id+tI<l+n) ~-[J.41<b-,f (b+21)~ t [2.J+It~b4_f )J_",,2 I .p;
y-b-y, Y
~-sIope 01 I~-("L.) + tI-(h-l}f{b-t)-1/a lor Itondord NCI;o"I
21
GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF SECTIONS
Distances to Moment of Ine<tla Sect;o" RadIus
Areo -- 01
Section A Extreme Fibres s-v c,t<!1;""
"I ond "I, I (r)
~ ..... 2 2' 3 3 3 3
~I~ y_ 21d+[br2IJ-t[b-2IJ[2d-.J. -r+by,-[bi2IXy-~-[b-2IXYi·J I .p;
bl+2hl+b,', Y
2A 3
~-d-y
~
.... a~ y- ~ .J_ [~ .J_ (h4_})J
..,
12 4g I .p;
Id+2tks+n) ~-'Iope of lIong._(nt.) +t1-(h-l)f{b-I)-I/& for Iiondord ...,1;0<1. y
-~ , I 91S

---- --------._
-_ -_
-----_ !- r:
~ c::"I " J
~ '" n
::! ~ n ::! " n c:
c: c: ~
.... < <
" !'! .Y"'=l
\./"'\ ~ !'! \./"'\ 0
o~~ 0 ~ "i... ~.Ci- .... :>
~~ ~ ..
"i... "
~t I . " 0 ~ . ~
" ..
..!:l :T
~ • "", 0
e a. 0. 2- til
.. " "
1f .... ::T
0
a.
;!,> !J' ;!,> !'> ."
s= a.
~ :;- CD 2
0 n n ..,
-0 c:
0 Iii c: < c: g_
.... < '" !'! \./"'\ < o·
g a '" !'!
'" \./"'\ UI "
I::l cY:""'O E" •• 0 =l " ....
3 n- O '" ii.
t1 ...... oN i 0. ....
.. i'.) IA ."
~ n 0 " "
" " a ~ N 0
0. ::T 0
.. 0 a 0. .. 2- III
" a
"
~ !D ~ ~~ ~
J n n
• c: c:
~ .. ~ ~ ~ ~
1r 0 .Y' o 0
.... N ] .. ~~
+ -e .... ....
.. .. N +
";) •
"N" .. .It y2: z.3 't.. ¢'"
.. J:
+ ~
'a:' .. s
" p

)(~~

00 c

~. ~ ~

"'0 0- >,. COo

as: 0.., 52-

0.

o :>

f

.... 0

:>

" .. IA 0

5'~

~2.

o >

S!.
I:I~ ;:
II
n
of>
S!.
l
g-
e,
':< ...

:_-

SHEAR

LOADING

'-IOUENT

DEFLECTION

SHEAR

UOMENT

LOADING

SHEAR

DEFLECTION

UOUENT LOADING

DEFLECTION

g-

Il

CL n II

l?;

II

I

-I_ cal-

~~~.~

.... 'N + z

:c

~
~ Q CL ~
c. 0 n .:
.. " II ~
if[ 1!l~ '"
,..
a-Q_ II
a !. '"
0 l« a>
II
;;; 3
~ 0 .:
~ n
.. co
i "
in .£' II
.:
~
r-: I '"

~

Z us

't-"- ---

E_"-'''.,
CD
~
SHEAR SHEAR V>
DEFLECTION MOMENT LOADING DEFLECTION MOMENT ....,
0. ~ 0. R:-
~ '" ~ [>
11 "
~~ 31: ~I~ 31: ....,
~ go ;I 0
11 :>;)
en g; 1'1 ;r::
0 .... ~ ~ c
.... 0 ~
+ ~ + Q <,
N N en
t? t? ~ a
e- .,.
+ + :>;)
'-" '" tI' t£'
~ .,.
CD .... CD
~ ~
~--.;.
... til
'" '"
~
'" '" '" ;;0
CD ~ • '" ~ •
II if h if I:::
:0 :0 a
~ a;
3 --- .
....... I
... :::-E'
'" '"
CD '" '"
CD ." SHEAR

SHEAR

MOMENT

DEFLECTION

LOAOING

QEfLECTION

MOMENT

LOADING

i

"

~~

-I!§ ...

+ '"

~

I

+ • r",

~

~

" I

'" CD

I 'I'~ 31:

r- I ~

31: ....

CD CD mJC

a

:>;)

~

~~==================================================~tIl ous

:-::::-. -. --------------- - --=====~=--=.:..-:.....::-:----

SHEAR

SHEAR MOMENT

LOADING

DEFLECTION

MOMENT LOADING

DEFLECTION

DEFLECTION SHEAR MOMENT LOADiNG DEFlECTION SHEAR MOMENT LCWJING
Q.
~ '" ,:> ~
CD
" • • ..,
~I ~I- ;t.j.
';3
'N
I
~
i +
t
~ "0
N
. ::a
~ CD d'
;:J ....
C;;
.. Cl
'" N< II
" ~
Q. ::a rf ~f:E ~ c: ,<
~ • I: FI
::a • Ij;~~F
" I·" [
" • I
"
~I l;'l~ l;'l~ ~ ~. -i
..... ~ +'"
I: C> C
,:> B ~ :;l
~ + ~ II
i II ~f II ....... ·11 N C
l;'l~ i." ..... i ~~ i~ ! ~
': N C> ... ....
i '" ~ ~ . ::0::0 .,. ~ - c
CD " CD CD •
!~ i II P :0
~Ii 2 c
i
(J ~======================================================~~ 'in

...,

DEflECTION

SHEAR

MOMENT

LOADING

I'

r;========================================================~~~

1{

DEflECTION SHEAR

DEfLECTION SHEAR

t.lOt.4ENT

LOADING

t.40t.4ENT

LOADING

II: !I:
n ,., + !I: !I:
"
8- .... I;¥ Q. "i, f"1t ~
P "
• ,
N~ ~ jafal~
I
CJ ... '-I~
roo .... +
.- ~
r- t t
, ,:> • 3 i-~
e, ::'-0 +
q ... .. .. ~
" :'j: :,1= •
, i ...
J:',., " " II II I
PIp PI ~ t :I ~
... l!;;~ ~~ .
><
'" .... + >-
r-: " roo~ !
roo ;l! SHEAR

SHEAR

t.lOt.IENT LOADING

DEflECTION

t.40t.4ENT

LOADING

~======================================================~m

s:::

VI ."

P:-

t>

DEFLECTION

SHEAR

MOMENT LQ.ADING

SHEAR MOMENT

LOADING DEFLECTION

'"

DEFLECTION SHEAR MOMENT LOADING DEFLECTION SHEAR- MOM~NT LQ.ADING
F-
" ~ '" !Ie:
!Ie:
0- '" '"
~ " >- I
I t " F-
" [
~~ ~ JP "
I
- ... " !Ie:
eo r-: '"
I;!I!~I '" ;o~ "
" !Ie:
"1J !Ie: ~c... n
I n ;f "
FlO " "1J '"
I~' !Ie: s n
'"
"
"1J !Ie: !Ie:
0 '" CD
-:::
~ r-: m
• R- ~ s:::
.,.!Ie: ii "" " !Ie: 1n
?" " >- I >- ."
JP~ 'NIt P:-
, " "
i! i ~Ir "1J "1J t>
" I r-: ~~
~~ ~ ... N !!:
"1J <, 0- ~~ '"
'5 <A ~ 0- "
!:l ... r-: ."
'" ~It I I 0
" ..., " N + + '-NI~ ;0
"1J o~ '" ..., s:::
!!: ~!:l J{~ c:
n ~"ll >=
" .c::.c !Ie:
!!: • $ I ,...,
'" '" "" n !!:
"" " 0 '" " '" ...,
'" "1J !!: ..., 0
SeD "1J ;0
en r-r ...... 0...., m
erN i

VI
V L1S
, ,_ --_._ .• p- .' . ---iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiii-- c
i
Concentrated at third points Concentrated ot midspon I (") ~
0
I I I > 0 ~
, 1 , 1 0 Z
-I [
t~ tb; I" ~~ ~P ~P I~ ~" Z I
!s: ~: .1;:: .... > C
~ ~ ... ... 8:'" i, ......., 0 ~
op_ ~P P ~~ fTlI C C
PVl til ;:l
~~.~ 88 g: j! I
... !p c
0"'0 CD ~
§: n oP ~~ ~
~d~ j~ ~: OVl -t
~ c
~! Pen II ;:l
g;81 ~ ... ti~ 00 0 til 0
;tP » Z ::I: i
~~ ~~ 00 ~
~ ...... fTl r'T'I "
0 0
7E til
~P ~P I" ~~ t~ t~ I~ ~i ~ VlC- -.,
~~ 8:ti ~ g: ... ~ ~ 8l~ > -OfTl~ ;0
uo >Z"'O
Jp ~P ?< til 0
P P~ ~ P i ZOO ~ !I:
Pe ~: en P s!2 Di VlfTl~
~~ :: ... ~ Vl r'T'I
P ~ :!P P ::t -100 til 0
Pm Plio ~ ~ ~; 51 ~ O"TJ, 7E
~~ e:~
~§ Jp :;t) (;),0
e -0>
e i\~ P ~~ "TJ <>0 r-
~~ 0 fTlo ....... ~
~P :;t) fTlVl
~fS ~~ 0 08 til
~ fTl I r---------------------------------------

--_.- --- ----~-.-.
Uniformly distributed r:
!llllIlllIllllIlIllllIllIq ~

~~ ~.
~ ,....~
"'uo
P ~ r>'Ir-
8 C"llll
uo b~
P ~III
8
r- r:
~~
~r>'I
°
a
iI:
1(
~~ ~" ~~ ClO- P:
b <: .... ~
I~ r>'Ir-O C
, ~ 0 r~~
:'=len
.::ll 00
• r>'I r- C
U. e 111°0 A
== :::: J: III f) iI:
C
~ ~~--- ~
Zlll
- .... 1118 ..
o .... c C
;oor>'l A
n Z
r>'I n a
r>'I i
u if-

f

(

.. ks· ..... -_--_---_---_-- .. _- --_-_- ....... ~~~~~. §~~-~===== . _

'" II:: ~II::
., ., co

~I~ ·I~ ·It h-·
- + ,.,---J ,.,---J
..!::: 3!1~ 3!1~
- ... - ...
'" + I
~ Zl~ ZI~ n
I ~ + ~ +
L..L::J L..L::J
j" r
.... 1 I
"'1 ~
1 I
'I ! »c, II:: II::
i ... ...
I I ·It ·It
.,<
I ,.,---J III
~I~ ~I~
.-,- I +
Z =r
~ ,::' ~I~ zl'"
~ ~
L-.-.I L.__:_j
'"
.,
OllS
-..
.... _ .. _-----'-.- .. < -e
> J- ,1= ( < •
,.< '" J- >11:: ~
I co
",< ~ -e !! "'I'!' ""I'!' ool'!'~ ""I'!'~ c ~
a ~
I + i
>< >< ~ I 10
r:_-lTT " (
• ",< !£- !£- .., ~
'-I~ a I _ _ SO
? ~I- +
n ~ ~I- ~I- n
s: II:: _!C ~~
'" 0 CD •
_, > ~Il
N _><
I _!<
'"
'"
~ ~ ,J!
-e
'"
'"
001· ""I·
'-N '-N
gtl· i~l .... il~l .... i
~'N
I +
~I- ~I- ~-t-I '" +
~~ ~
:z: :z:
., ., r·
-- ---- CD
i::
-e R-
Vl
< ,.,
~X ~ ~ ~ ~ .. CD
+ I 0< .. ,.,
--h 0
x "'I;i "'I;i 0 ;:0
0 • ~
s + '" c
zljj! ~I! } ~
.. +
",I." ,.,
0
n n ;:0
,.,
~x .. ~
,.< cf= .I- m ~
,."
• Vl
ClI X ..
I 0 n
< "'I;i
0
# '"
zl'" '"
.. or ~
rolF :J:

C>

:J:

C>

I
;r- s: s: s:
m n m
~ ~
.s- s: "'I~ "'I~
n
r~ l
;r- ~~ z~ .. ~ z;
a i: s
i
~ I + I c
i L=-.J L=-.J _ ~
;p ~ ~ < ~ .,
C> C
~ % ::0
;r- :0- n .,
~ I .-jd> ~
a • • ~
< ~ $' % E~
<> a C>
g • • "
'"
" :I: :I:
:0- s .:: ~~
I ~ :0- ~
• I
,.<- :.- ;p " :0-<- >-
~ ~
0 ,;: ,;!< s: < s:
CD :0- m
• • •
,3= ~ .f I I
< s:
• C> n
I ... 1" "
~j.f !!. ;¥
!i!!1~ n I ... I:il n
...
" ~
a
!:!! % C
:r :0- :I
:0-
I ~ ~
,..
,c- . ~-I ~
,.. ,.. -e
:r
.>
C
::0
;I
c
?
0 ,c- O
~- C> I ~
I
:I: :I: -e ~
<> <> a
r
L
---------~ -- -- _- -~ ~
R'
b' VI
~ -.,
~ ~
" -.,
::t: * ~< "" + ~ 0
»- n .!' .?;< ;:0
• " " " I " iI::
.if "'I~ OJI~ >< c
• -I- ... <-I'- <-I- ~
I ... r;;, "' .... ",r;;,
~~ .~< ~I~ I s ....,
. s: 0
"" en ;:0
.!' CD +
• + zj
I z- ~ -.,
J I - ~ ~
.:: "+ +
.It.
I ~ '" tTl
><
... I VI
~ ~
~

+ )(
..
.!' •
+ !:II_
><
... ~r-JIrIo»
s

I
><
....
~
..
~ I ~
1
iF- .if * rf .If ~ c:
• • • • • • ~
"'I!. .$ I I I
~ .?;< .!' ~ .?;<
I • ·I~ + I • •
I ~~. t: >< iii!
~ ... ml~ O)I~
"'Ii .
~~ .!' S J!r.
+ ~ s-
~ :I z + ~
+ .:: II • -,! +
.-I~ + + I ~ ~ ~
.:: .:: ~ +
I + .It.
...
~ ~ +
~I~ NI~ ~ CD
iI::
I R'
.~
VI
-.,
CDI~ ....,
0
;:0
zl~ iI::
c
.... + ~
·
-.,
0
;:0
-.,
i
,..,
VI
- ... ,,--_._--_. ----------------------

.. ~,.,.,.~~~j':;l:tt, '_""'~"\. ~ .... ~, .,~ "_",,4#''' "",.......:.r_W4 _...-...,. __.

l' i
_~ ,.~ ~ ..f II
• ~ .;< :s
II • . Ii"
,.~ ~ .;§' I II II
I • • ~ I~ ri' .5'
:r ... ri' 'N
,. •
<> ~ + ~I .,_, <>
e. .:< -= .....
:r ~ .:r n
+ I
i '"
'" ~ .!'
,
a
.....
:r
~
• 'EO ~
",'EO '" ~-<
II
+ 'EO •
8l ",,:r 0 ri'
a II ~
I~ R,
~":
~ I
'"
.!!:. d' ,F i
• • ,.< l'
·I~ ~ " •
a.
~ .:f ~ ~
• "
,.~ • •
• or ~
+ _z +
3 N d'
J' ~ .., If ?< .1'W n
.; r- I §'
><
~ L~ ~
·
.:f ~ ~ ~
• .z: . 50
~ · "
III ~
..... 0
• ,if 'EO
:I: C
,. 0 I
II
~ NI'" ,FI d' $
:~ -f-> -c-, -e
• .;: ~ :4
.'f' "

~
:r~ n 5
1f i
" (
0 ,
~ j
1>1:15 r
l
--~~-- CD
»0:1: r-'-+'l' 3::
J' f
" " R-
+ -7- ~ VI
,,+. a .. • •
,if J' ..,
, >< 1 • • • m Jj
, NI~ ...,
c :71::
"'I~ ~Ir ~ .. 0
.... 'N ;0
[ "'~ 3::
z .... c:
.., + ~
;! '" :T
~
..,
~ 0
,if »0< • ~ ;0
• • + . ~ ...,
>< ~
~I>< ..,< + ,.,
• "'I~ »0< J" VI
<D
... + , • • '"
... I~ ... 11 "'I~ 0:11';. ~I
.>
.... - ~-I + ,,:-
+ I ~ > ~
~ CD
.;:
.JF
J" •
• "'I~
, .., ,.,
1 <- ..:-
• ~ ~ f .., I
+ ..,'"
~ ~ ~-:r. ~< J'
• " "
,
'i' ..,< atlt
, "
~ z~
"'I"
r- ~
J"

·It
,iF +
3
II::
..
<D :Tlcf ~
.... •
NI!~
+
~
..
:<:
»0 ~ CD
3::
R-
VI
,""
(3
;0
3::
c:
~
...,
0
;0
..,
~
fT'I
VI lllS

( ,;f! '" '"
• >- CD
• •
J: , .,
~ ~
l!. • • •
, , ~
, ,..1 a: "
~
j
... c
~ .f ~

0
~ ;
CO r
'" t
.,<->
I
~ ,;f! '"
• CD

.:f '"
• CO
..... 1-0 •
,
·I~
Zl"
~

.if c
• n
• ~
... ""~
'" ·I;g
::t:
zlao >-
I
><->
"
<_,..,
... I
~ j
r
t ~========================================================~Id :;0

~

;><;

I I-

I

I


.5' it 8. a g ~ • ... :0 ". ~ :l: '" n !:' J f'
~ ...
". ~ n .. ~
~- 0
~ g c if
c :Q
ii ~ 3 !:' n c :;: c;; ~ " ! ~~ n 0' n
:;: 0 "0 !i !i
:;> " .. 3 ;l. 3 "
& :;: lX !q n :;: "0 n lI- e. co c;; '" l\'
iii a .. a- • '" ,
.. .. ~ .. !!. a, co 0' 2- ~
c;; c;; a " li-
n !!. 0' v 0' s .., [ !!l_ cr iii" ;i!. ;i!. • ':f>
n c;; !? 0 -'< is" 2:
0 ii' ~- ~ .3 '" a ·f g.
" [ 3 e. n ~
n n • a r: -~ ~
i!. in ~ I n ! ~ p
:;: ~ 0 ~ if .. .... ~
0 3 0- !!. co n go +
'" !!. 0 .. ~~ .21- 0 n &. o 0.
(;I '" zr ~
c;; 0 7<" ~ n ? il ~~!l ~ a '"
:;: if '" ~ :;: r: ilr
3 0 " ,,- iii
.. '" ;i!. 3 ..:
li: .a 0 a 3 3 c;; i ;; 0 0 ~
~ '" it '" n '" - " " ~
§. '" -< i -e 0 <> 7<" .,.... co ~ !!.
.a- s: " ... ~ 3J :;: :;: !f
C;; z 0. !!. '" IS" 0 '" co .. t
,.., '" if c Q- .. " 3 ~
li: Q. " c;; n !!-
~. '" .. of> 0 0 c .... .:s ~
" in .a0 - '" " ~ co
0. ~- '" ~
-, .. ri
a a :J~ <:; ~ 0 0
5. 0 '" ~: .,
zr 0 s. .., < en ..
" 0 iii '" ~ ;i!. '"
.., .a " cr ::r .. ::.-
a '" 0 ~ ~ ~
0 !" !!l_ '" + 0
6- c ~ -g ...
iii n .~ ~ 0 ~N :z:
'" " ~
3- 3 '" '" g a <,
n .. zr 0 II::
0 a 0 "
1 li: 0.
-'< "'" :3
[ ~ a s-
3- c;; ~ ......
0
-:c :;0
J:
, s
:;0
;><; r

-_ -- -- -- -- -- -- _- _- _- -- -- -- --
Oesian Formwork Pressures (In kN/sa.m) for _COLUMNS_·
CaoatIe I) a>C. IH'C or SRPC .. 1I>OUI adnUlura I) a>C. IH'C or SRPC .. 1h • ,ot_ I) Uf'9fc. PlJc. PPfN; or _ cant~
"""'" 2) a>C. IH'C or SRPC oiIh .", adnUlur .. ) Uf'9fc. PlJc. Pl'rN; or _ CQlII~ las las _ * ftbI. or 40lI pl • ..", •
----> actpl 0 ,etOlder _*II9b1.or4Olpl • .ru.o..t_ ..... -
) Uf'9fc. PlJC. Pl'rN; or __ ~ las 2)-~---*ftbI·
_*I19111."'4Olpl • ..",.",_ .... '" 401 pl.
0lICtpI.",_.
c-. r~ Rot. ol,ise ( .. /hl Rot. 01 rise ( .. /h) Il0l.01 rise (m/h)
.....
~c: (on) ~SI '12 IJI' II 18 Iiolal~ O.S I I I 21 J I '1 61 81'0 liS I ~ ~ I 'I 21 J I '1 II 81'0 l» I 20
J 38 '9 62 12 18 18 18 18 18 18 .. S.I 6l 15 18 18 18 18 18 18 '9 511 10 )) 18 18 78 18 18 18
• •• ~I 66 )) 86 100 104 104 104 104 48 SI 11 81 90 '02 104 104 104 104 ~ 64 )) 86 9' 104 104 104 104 104
~ 6 'S ~ 11 82 92 101 121 Il2 I~ I~ ~ " 18 69 98 IIJ 126 1J6 I~ 1~ 62 12 86 96 '01 119 III 141 156156
10 SI 62 )) 89 99 us 129 141 161 189 6J lJ 88 99 109 12S 138 I~ I1S 196 " 84 99 110 119 I~ 148 119 18l m
15 II 601 8J 9~ 10~ 122 136 148 175 111 11 62 91 109 119 IJS '49 161 181 208 86 96 111 122 132 l4a 151 III 198 21
~
0
.,.
J J6 '6 61 11 18 18 18 18 18 18 40 ~ 64 lJ 18 18 18 18 18 111 •• ~ 86 15 18 18 18 18 18 18
• 38 '9 6J II 84 99104 104 104 104 4J S.I 601 18 81 10' 104 104 104 104 48 511 n 62 90102 104 104 104 104
ZI I 41 ~2 11 79 88 105 118 IlO I~ 156 48 511 lJ 84 !M 109 121 IJJ I~ I~ ~ 65 79 90 99 II. 121 IJl 156151
10 48 ~1 n 84 !M III 125 III 16J lIS ~ 65 80 91 102 116 IJI 144 110 191 64 " 69 100 110 126 1J9 lSI 111 196
15 ~ 61 )) 69 99 116 IlO 14J 169 192 61 n ea 99 109 126 140 112 1111 200 n 8J 98 110 I~ 1J6 110 162 1l1li lOS
'Plon dimensions in both the orthogonal directions within 2m =) assumed as column
- ~.

Oesian Formwork Pressures (In kN/sa.m) for WALLS·
e_ 1) a>C. IH'C '" SRPC _I -.. .... 1) a>C. IH'C • SRPC ..", • __ I) Uf'9ft. PlJc. Pl'rN; • _ _..,...
"""'" 2) a>C. IH'C • SRPC .ilh • ., _ .... ) Uf'9ft. PlJc. Pl'rN; • _ ~ las --*II91II'. 401 pl.""',
----) acopI. "'- _*1I9IIfs.4OIp1._- ..... -
~ .. ' ) Uf'9fc. PIJt. Pl'rN; • _ _..,... las 2)-~---*9'JbI'
_*lI9IIfsor4Olpl • ..",.",_ or 401 pl.
..apt._ -.
c-:. F::r Rat. 01 ,ise ( .. /h) RoI. 01 rise (m/h) Rott 01 ,. ( .. /h)
..... 0.21031 o"losl '0 I.s 120_l301Io 1'0 0.210.3 10"1011.o_ll.s 12.0 13.0 Iso 1'0 0*J1°·I°.51101ISL201301101'0
~C (.,
2 40 '2 '3 .. .9 S2 II S2 II S2 II 12 S2 II S2 12 II II 12 S2 II S2 II II 12 12 II S2 II II
J 48 ~ S2 1.1 18 62 66 11 18 18 67 601 69 10 71 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 III
~ • ~ SI ~9 60 66 10 " 80 89 IOJ 16 18 10 81 86 69 92 91 104 104 98 99 101 102 104 104 '04 104 104 104
6 " 68 10 11 )) 82 86 92 IOJ 121 9J 95 96 91 IOJ 101 110 116 12~ 140 I~ "'"'ll 124 129 112 I~ 140 IU I~
~ '0 '" IS 81 86 9~ 100 104 111122142 118 .~ '22 '2J '29 1J4 138 144 114 112 I~ 1~) 151 158 164 168 .11 111 .86 m
0
tJI
2 JO J2 J4 ~ .. .S 48 S2 S2 12 <0 .. 4J .. '8 S2 II 12 ~2 ~., 49 10 S. 12 ~2 ~2 S2 12 ~2 12
J J6 38 J9 .. 41 " ~ 52 1' ___ .... :;_~~,~~ ... &.5._ m -11. ;a~ .' 62 64 68 12 " 15 18 18
10 • 40 '2 •• .6 ~1 ~- ~~!'! %1 ~ 56 ~ S. 65 697] 79 ~~~ .. 71 13 18 8l IS 90 98 104
6 ., '9 SI 1.1 ~. ., 6iio"-~,'-;u~t~ &1 55 m 16, 61 III 9\ 1m ,,,, 82 84 86 81 9J 91 10' 101 116 III
10 sa 60 &2 64 11 16 8' sa 100 121 8' 8J IS 81 93 98 102 110 121 14'1'04 106 108 110 115 120 124 131 '"~ 160

2 ~ 21 29 JO 31 .. '5 10 52 II J' JJ ~ J6 '2 '6 '9 II 52 II 38 40 .. '2 " 10 II 12 52 12
J 28 3' JJ J4 .. 46 ~ 51 67 18 Jl J9 .. 42 48 S.I 51 6J 12 18 'S " '9 10 56 60 6J 69 11 18
I~ • 3' J4 J6 Jl .. '9 ~ 61 n 92 " 44 '5 " S.I 511 8l 69 " 91 S. S.I ~ SI 62 67 71 11 86 101
6 J6 J9 " '3 so 5~ S9 61 19 100 '9 SI 1.1 ~ &1 66 11 18 89 109 61 6J 65 &1 1J lS 8l 88 99 liS
.0 .. " 49 ~ 511 6J 68 15 81 110 60 6J 65 66 lJ 19 8J 90 102 12J 11 79 51 8J 89 94 98 106 111 131
°Plan dimension in any of the orthogonal directions exceeding 2m => assumed as wa" -- ,--
------ -..J
~ ;;0
cr i:
~
~I i • ... • tJOft.JOfl.ollANNN...,""""""" >C ;;0
.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. a. ~
!l ~ CD '" ChU' .... c.A "'''' ... ... ..... r;:N ~
§ !: !!. .... 0 a.
:z: crD
j'1- ....
- i ~
s·.$ -
s 1 i. ,.., 15 lij;;:l ~~E ~
l£ K§o ei :;: OD - ~
~;r~ ~ ~z;s z;!; P'~~~e::::~$8t~~~
gnj e s ~~~ .....
~F:; Co b ""bo""bbll'bi.ni",bb :g;
- 8 - ~ .
~J':' ~ n
~ ~ IN ~I E-
fll~ OD
3 3
3 3 3 N
0 ~I~ o. ..... -N-- -- >C
(JI t:: PIt ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ,~ at ... ~ iD >C
!l f L.b UtO Ut'u. U. i.n ,Ut b ,Ut ~ b u. -n
N OC)iI';g 3
; J i § !'" t: 8: 0 ~~~~ ~
'" ...
~ ~ 3 3 $
Cj Ir ~ ~O:i!g OD eN....,~::: Nt: ..... ""'_ ;c-
O ODi':I~NI:!:§:S:-N!::""'~CD'" )(
"Ira 3 3 Gl""~Z I t:~b~bbu.~gbg:o~~ -n
~J- N ... co 3
i-IJ OD ~
50'_ _.. ~
l~f ~ ... Fl:i!j
!'" ... N 0"" 52 NNN----------- ~.
'IIS '" ~~ ;., s~ .... ~ ~~~~~mco~~~~~~~ :>
o z ~ ~ .... ""'0 .....
""z .... a N n
~ 3- 3 ;:2l;l!iz E-
;I 3 3
~ N ... ei :i! ...

.... ...

3 ~

...., o ::0

~

L~"~~=============================================================================:~~ 9l1S

WELDED FIWI[ WELDED FIWIE
!!OOELIH~ !!OOEL Ih12
1. FOR SlNClE nER LOAD APPUED 4.50 lIT 3.4 lIT
ON VERTICAL LEGS. PER LEG PER LEG
2. FOR 2 TIER LOAD APPl(D 3.75 lIT 2.7 lIT
ON VERTICAL LEGS. PER LEG PER LEG
3. FOR J TIER L(w) APPlIED 3.6 lIT 2.2 lIT
ON VERTICAL LEGS. PER LEG PER LEG
4. FOR 4 TIER L(W) APPlIED 3.2 lIT 1.8 lIT
ON VERTICAL LEGS. PER LEG PER LEG 1219

_l
~ ,-
on
N
~ .JIJ -
1219 I- .t:lQIE;

IF USED AS A SCAFFOLDING OF MORE THAN 2 TIERS HEIGHT FASTEN THE SYSTEM TO A STABLE STRUCTURE LIKE A BUILDING AT EVERY 2nd. TIER.

! 80 M. HIGH UNIT

1.20 M. HIGH UHlJ

DETAIL OF EWL fBANE (Production stopped since 1995)

------_._--

DETAILS Of L&T fLOOR fORM SIZE 600 x 1200.

~I r ~i

. I I I "1.111 DESCRIPTION LENGTH

§ ~ l f~ uk_soijJ' i ~. -o "",'- -. "'" .. I

o I. ALL Dlt.I£NSIONS ARE IN lAM.

'!!n~ ~

l-_-~~-- ~J - _,~ ~ B~ .. J~

"INIII!,!" CEIIENT CONTENT, MAXIII!,!11 WATER-CEIIENT RATlQ AND lliYUU GRADE Q[
CONCRETE FOR Q!FFEBENT EXPOSURES WITH NORIW. WEIGHT ACGRE~S Of 20mm
HONIM&, !lW11I!,!'" SIZE,
SL PIJIN CONCRETE REINFORCED CONCRETE
No. EXPOSURE mol. free woler min. grode 01 lIin. cement mol. free woler min. grade 01
l.Iin. cemenl
conlenl kg/cum. cemenl rolio concrete conlent kg/cum. cemenl rotio concrete
1 .... 0 220 0.60 - JOO 0.55 1120
-- ---~ --
2 IIOOERATE 240 0.60 II 15 JOO 0.50 1125
-- ,..----_.- _ .. -
3 SEVERE 250 0.50 1120 320 0.45 1130
..... -. ------- _._------
4 VERY SEVERE 260 0.45 1120 340 0.45 1135
.- _._---- -
" S EXTREME 280 0.40 II 25 J60 0.40 II ,~
-- ---_._----- _. - - __ .1 2. Minimum qrode for plain concrete under tThld exposure condition is not specif.ed.

1WS;

I. c.ment content prescribed .. th;, tol>le ;, irrespective 01 lhe grades 01 cement ond a is incIUM 01 additions mentioned in clau .. 5.2 IS 456 - 2000.

The additioM such os fly osh 01 9"ound granulated blast furnoco slog """ be tol<en ;mo occount in Ih. concrele cotnpOSl1 ... ,.;th respect to the cement con.lent ond water-cement rolio if lhe suitobi~ty ;, estoblished and os long os the tnO.imum omounts loken inlo account do not exceed the limit 01 poZlolono ond slog specified .. IS 1489 (port 1) ond 455 respectively.

::0 ,....,

z (3

::0 ("") ,....,

o ("") o z ("")

::0 ,....,

L2======~~==_=_============================================================~~.~

---_------------- - - .. --. -- '--.,.----.-----._------_.

Z !I:

~ ~ i t; 8 k :; ~ bl~ bi ti f;; ~ Ii i ~ ~ 6 i li ~ 8: ~ ~ j' }

........

II N U1

~

3 3

....

::0
r2
z
...,
0
::0
n
r'1
0
::' .., n
.- 0
,.., z
>< n
c: ::0
.., ::0 !:l
0 ,..,
::0 r'1
In I
Z ::0
n ,..,
~ Z
::0 d
,.., ~
z ,..,
.., !II:
0 ,..,
~ ~
,..,
0 ;$I
In ~
,..,
n
6 z
z ~
In !'" • U>

ii~ §ij~'i'li~ §i'~ iii~ i~l~ ~ ~ 'l..

.,. .....

i!:g~!s~

....... t.ot!--!--

o 88!!!:~

c.=-ppp

~ ~~ iE

Z !I: ...... c 3 ...... 3 g:

........

;:I "

s

C

;:I C"

" C

~

;0 C" ;:I

" ~~======================================================~~r

zr.s

!=,pppp

SHHI8~

- -

L.;""

-"" "'-

r:

81~~~~

..

P P 0.·0.0 110 I» b ."",:.,a

t:: ~ ~ ~~

"OJ Q._

- .......

Q.

• "0 P n fit

"OJ Q._

- .......

Q.

-0 e

n 0

"OJ Q._

- .......

Q.

• P

"0 _

n '"

II

"OJ Q._

- .......

Q.

• o

"0 N n.J 0

..., o

z:

3-

3

'"

--_- ... -._--.-_-------~. -. ~~-----~ .. --------

I

!I i

if

"

~

'"

!'l.

.. i: 0" ~

.. 0. .,. 0 .. .. ..

-e 1 ~
,.
C> +1
:.. <;; ~
'" e,
;;-
r: l
Ir I
'"
p b
~ E s:i
It ~ ~ ~
.., 0::
-! .s
. . ~ ...
- "
~ i5 88 ole:"
I li:'
..
0
~oooo 2-
~ is i5; !::: ~ -n ..
CD ...... _ ;_~
- - - - - III
_::.::. ::.::. e:>
0000 -~
~
n ~
0
a-
0 e p p a s
:.. ~ !: .0"
!i:: ... .. ~
... en ~
0 0 0 <>
n~
.., 0
03
~".
..,'
".
-< N cD

... ...

N

iii' iir

f ;

• -E

><

o

-<

a on

X ~ + 3

~ a a

if ii

If!

..:. s,

r:~==============================================================================~'~

:;0

c n -< c

~

til -< ...,

...,

t:

n !' >- --.... qq q 3 "<,.--..... ~ ~g 2-

"

~I-

qqqqq g~1f:a~

n n n n

~~F-F-

~ i

2_..:!

$. ~

....

1

3- ;-t

~

o

"l:J '0

~==========================================================~~~

91~

- n

2.

... "'-_"... .-,..- --_-:-c-:-:.---r.----:- .. --:-~.~=_--------

+

q 5!:

. ...,

~

3

...,

TABLE 6.1 B MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE BENDING STRESSES; abc (MPo),
IN EQUAL. fLANGE I-BEAMS OR CHANNELS
(Clause 6.2.2)
with Iy = 250 Mpa. T ~ 2.0 and ~~ 85
0/1 -
I/ry - 8 10 12 14 16 18 20. 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 100
I Vl
_,
;:c
40 161 161 160 160 160 160 160 159 159 159 159 159 159. 159 159 c
-.~ 161 n
45 160 159 159 158 158 158 lS7 157 157 157 157 157 157 157 c
c: -. -- 154 ~
.... 50 160 1~< 158 157 156 156 156 155 155 155 154 154 154 154
I ---- 1~'~ ::-.1I 115C~55 v:
5:) 154 154 153 153 152 152 152 151 151 151 151 rr
... _-_. .--f----- rr
60 158 156 154 153 152 152 151 150 149 149 149 148 148 148 148 s:
... ~
65 156 154 153 151 150 149 148 147 146 146 145 145 144 144 144
-. __ . r:
70 155 153 151 149 149 147 146 144 143 142 142 141 141 140 140 .v
75 154 152 149 147 146 144 143 141 140 139 138 137 137 136 136 C
f-. a
80 153 150 148 145 143 142 140 138 136 135 134 133 132 132 132 rr
v
85 152 149 146 143 141 139 138 135 133 131 130 129 128 127 127 S!
c:
90 151 147 144 141 139 137 135 131 129 127 126 125 124 123 123 "t
=t
rr
v
9,iS
~~-.~~- .. 0;;:--'. " ~ == == == '~,-, '.-' - l
PERMISSI61.E STRESS IN AXI&. ~QMPRESSIQN (NLmm2) FQR STEEl.'
SE~TIQNS WITH YIEI.Q STRESS = 25QNLmm2
KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc
1 150.0 17 149.0 33 143.6 49 132.6 65 117.0 81 99.7 97 83.3
66 115.9 82 98.6 98 82.3 -
2 150.0 18 148.8 34 143.1 50 131.7
3 150.0 19 148.6 35 142.6 51 130.8 67 114.8 83 97.6 99 81.4
113.8 84 96.5 100 80.5 -
4 150.0 20 148.4 36 142.0 52 129.9 68
5 15Q..b ' 21 148.1 37 141.4 53 129.0 69 112.7 85 95.4 101 79.5
6 149.9 22 147.9 38 140.8 54 128.1 70 111.6 86 94.4 102 78.6 -
;: 7 149.9 23 147.6 39 140.2 55 127.1 71 110.5 87 93.3 103 77.7
0
8 149.9 24 147.3 40 139.5 56 126.1 72 109.4 88 92.3 104 76.8
9 149.8 25 147.0 41 138.8 57 125.2 73 108.4 89 91.3 105 75.9
10 149.8 26 146.7 42 138.1 58 124.2 74 107.3 90 90.3 106 75.0
11 149.7 27 146.3 43 137.4 59 123.2 75 106.2 91 89.2 107 74.1
12 149.6 28 145.9 44 136.6 60 122.2 76 105.1 92 88.2 108 73.3
13 149.5 29 145.5 45 135.8 61 121.1 77 104.0 93 87.2 109 72.4
14 149.4 30 145.1 46 135.1 62 120.1 78 102.9 94 86.2 110 71.6
15 149.3 31 144.6 47 134.2 63 119.1 79 101.8 95 85.2 111 70.7
16 149.1 32 144.1 48 133.4 64 118.0 80 100.8 96 84.3 112 69.9 ~

r-' Vl

-t C CD rT'I Vl

~

o

" =0

rT'I Vl

PERMISSIBI.E STRESS IN AX~ ~QMPRESSIQN (NLmm2) FQR STEEl.
SE~TIQNS WITH YIEL12STBESS = 25QNLmm2
KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Foc KL(r Foc KL/r Foc KL/r Fac
113 69.1 129 57.4 145 47.9 161 40.4 177 34.3 193 29.4 209 25.5
114 68.3 130 56.7 146 47.4 162 39.9 178 34.0 194 29.2 210 25.3
115 67.5 131 56.1 147 46.9 ·163 39.5 179 33.6 195 28.9 211 25.0
116 66.7 132 55.4 148 46.4 164 39.1 180 33.3 196 28.6 212 24.8
----
117 65.9 133 54.8 149 45.9 165 38.7 181 33.0 197 28.4 213 24.6
118 65.2 134 54.2 150 45.4 166 38.3 182 32.7 198 28.1 214 24.4
... 119 64.4 135 53.6 151 44.9 167 37.9 183 32.4 199 27.9 215 24.2
120 63.7 136 53.0 152 44.4 168 37.6 184 32.1 200 27.6 216 ~
'_ l- . - . - -
"1 -" J ,16~ , rt: II j"- 31.7 201 27.4 217 23.8
;22-; c , -, - !J8G -
IJO :> 1.0 'oJ' , • oJ • .,) ltv _ "u 31.4 202 27.1 218 23.6
123 61.5 139 51.2 155 43.0 171 36.4 187 31.1 203 26.9 219 23.4
124 60.8 140 50.7 156 42.6 172 36.1 188 30.9 204 26.6 220 23.2 -
125 60.1 141 50.1 157 42.1 173 35.7 189 30.6 205 26.4 221 23.0
126 59.4 142 49,5 158 41.7 174 35.4 190 30.3 206 26.2 222 22.8
127 58.7 143 49.0 159 41.2 175 35.0 191 30.0 207 25.9 223 22.6
128 58.0 144 48.5 160 40.8 176 34.7 192 29.7 208 25.7 224 22.4 Vl -t rT'I rT'I rr

~

r= Vl

.l.'l5

v :::< c ("

c

~

SIZES ANQ PROPERTIES OF STEEL TUBES FOR STRU~T~RAl PURPQSES
Iwt. IN kg/m;NBI5 (OD:21.3): (L)O.947/(M)1.21/(H)1.44) Wt. IN kg/m:NB20 (OD;26.9); (L) 1.38/(1A) 1.56/(H)1.871
NOMI- OUTSIDE THICK- MOMENT MODULUS RADIUS SO. OF
NAl DIA CLASS Wt A OF OF OF RADIUS OF
BORE METER NESS INERTIA SECTION GYRATION GYRATION
mm mm mm Kg/m em2 em4 eml em em2 .
25 33.7 LIGHT 2.60 1.98 2.54 3.09 1.83 1.10 1.21
MEDIUM 3.20 2.41 3.06 3.61 2.14 1.08 1.17 .
HEAVY 4.00 2.93 3.73 4.19 2.48 1.05 1.11 'i'
ITJ
32 42.4 LIGHT 2.60 2.54 3.25 6.47 3.05 1.41 1.98 ~
MEDIUM 3.20 3.10 3.94 7.62 3.59 1.39 1.93 0
tlEAVY 4.00 3.19 4.82 8.99 4.24 1.36 1.86
~
z 40 48.3 LIGHT 2.90 3.23 4.13 10.70 4.4.3 1.61 :l.59 en
~
.- MEDIUM 3.20 3.56 4.53 11.59 4.80 1.59 "7.54 I
HEAVY 4.00 4.37 5.56 13.11 5.10 1.57 2.47 ~
co
co
50 60.3 LIGHT 2.90 4.08 5.23 21.59 7.16 2.03 4.13 ~
MEDIUM 3.60 5.03 6.41 25.88 8.58 2.00 4.02
HEAVY 4.50 6.19 7.88 30.90 10.20 1.98 3.92
65 76.1 LICHT 3.20 5.11 1.32 48.79 12.82 2.58 6.66
MEDIUM 3.60 6.42 8.20 54.02 14.20 2.51 6.60
HEAVY 4.50 1.93 10.10 65.12 17.10 2.54 6.43
80 88.9 LIGHT 3.20 6.72 8.61 19.23 17.82 3.OJ 9.19
MEDIUM 4.00 8.36 10.70 96.36 21.68 3.00 9.00
HEAVY 4.80 9.90 12.70 112.52 25.31 2.98 8.88 c o I' tJ

~

C

., ::; I' tJ

SIZES AND PROPERTIES OF STEEL TUBES FOR STRUCT RAL

U eURPQSES
NOMI OUTSIDE MOMENT MODULUS RADIUS SO. OF
NAl DIA CLASS THICK- WI A OF OF OF RADIUS OF
BORE METER NESS INERTIA SECTION GYRATION GYRATION
mm mm mm Kg/m em2 em4 eml em cm2
90 101.6 lICHT 3.60 8.70 11.10 133.27 26.23 3.47 12.03
MEDIUM 4.00 9.63 12.30 146.32 28.80 3.45 11.91
HEAVY 4.80 11.50 14.60 171.44 33.75 3.43 11.76
100 114.3 lICHT 3.60 9.75 12.50 192.03 33.60 3.92 15.36
MEDIUM 4.50 12.20 15.50 234.30 41.00 3.89 15.10
HEAVY 5.40 14.50 18.50 274.50 48.00 3.85 14.86
110 127.0 LIGHT 4.50 13.6 17.3 325J ~ 4.33 18.78
MEDIUM 4.80 14.5 18.4 344.5i! ~ 4.32 18.69
HEAVY 5.40 16.2 20.6 382.0 4.30 18.52
125 139.7 lICHT 4.50 15.0 ------- _ .. _------
19.1 437.2 62.6 4.18 22.87
MEDlUII 4.80 15.9 20.3 463.44 66.35 4.71 22.76
HEAVY 5.40 17.9 22.8 514.5 73.7 4.75 i 22.58
135 1524 lICHT 4.50 16.4 t ._--_.--
209 572.2 75.1 5.23 I 27.37
MEDIUM 4.80 17.5 22.2 606.92 79.65 5.22 27.25
HEAVY 5.40 19.6 25.0 674.5 88.5 5.20 27.05
_!... ----.- ~

o

"0

~==============================================================~~

." '" .. v '" - ZIIl
!lr
-1
:I
'" 0 0 3~
8 '" ;.., 8 00 '"
0 '" 0 ... 3 Z ~
.",
III
1/1
,..c i
N ." 0 . ." ~~
0 N .~ .. -1
• t.. :.., ;.., '. D~
0 '" .. 0 ." .... ?r"
~
I:: ~
'" .. !: .... '" '" z~
'" ~ ~ '" nfTIfTI e
:.., !: :.., ~ :.., b 3:UZ
.... '" 0 ... ~-1 -1
"0
..,
1::",
~ '" ~ '" nOfTI
~ !" ~ 3cn
;.., .. "'E5
~ .... '" ::i v ..
DI '" .... .... ",z 't;! "
T .1
T
'E
~
~
I", rn
!lj; 0
I is
'"
I ;:; V'
c:
n
_,
c
-o~ ~
(3
::0 VI
~ _,
..,
..,
-I t:
~ ~ ~
....
.... IT'I r-
.., ¥I
8 0 _,
~ c;
~ tIl
..,
VI
~ 0 ~
~ IT'I
n 0
::0 ;:0;
I z "'0
c;") =0
.... ..,
z -0 VI
.... ;;:0
en 0
:l: ::!J
c
::I
....
! 1-------- _._. _, _.

..
!" !" ,.. fA !" :-' ~ .. .. · .. .. - ZIIl
!,r
Q > 3 ~ c: OJ I:: -1
C7 5' 0 ~ 0 0 C7 -1
~ !l'. ~ .. :I
co 3' :II n !" 0 0 30
:7 0 5' '0 ~ 8 -0
c C7 2: a 8 .. g .. ?~ ~
co 0 '" 0. .. .. IT'I
co 3 ii .. '0 ..,
0;- ff 0. to n '" Z s
:1 1/1 Z
:II 5!. 0 !. -s 0 1/1
to 0 0 " " ii' l> n
'0 C7 0. ii 0" .. IS .. iii ~ ;;:0 0
0 ii 0" '" !l- '" III ;;! ~ .0 o
" 3 .. '" s::: -I
" !:; 0 ,i" ii '" · .. .. .. 0 z ~ ~
3' 0 iil " '" '" <' e .. 0
'" 0 en en .. § : ~ ;; co ;.., i -0
0. C iii' s ? .. .. c ~
0 to '0 0 5!. .. .. ~ · 0 0 V1 ,.,
< '0 '0 s 0 0 1/1 -I
~ 3 Q >!. iil .0 ;; ;;; '" ~ .. r ;;:0 ..,
0 o· ,.. 3 II: . ;; ... ~ s .- '0 fj 8
0;- .. .. ... · ...;
",'< 0 :::> 0 UI g-
o C7 ~ i ~ s > r V1 O! ~
C7 ii 0 "" .. ~ .. ..
g .. " ., [ .. . ~ Z ~ r=
:; 0. 0 ... .. · .. 0 B
3 Q § " i: PI'
to "" g- ., CD 0:
S '0 iii' ~ s ~ ~ . s =i "0
en 0 3 ~ .. - IT'I ,..,
"§: en " D .. ... ~ ;:0;
C '0 :7 ~ C CD Z Z 0 ;0 Z
'0 '" ~
'0 ii' co .. <, e. :i c §
It UI .. .. :!: . :.., c;")
g 0. 3 iii 0 ~ c;; .. :s: c;; e
~ 0 .. 0 r.:o~
iii 0 0 UI ,.. :II '" I:: ~ -0 I.
-e " en ? '" <, a: ... ~ . .. N r= ' ;:ry
co '0 <, ;: · .. ~ ~ ;;! .. 8 fTI C I
0 " 0 . ., .. ... .. '" l'.
- " iii _". cc .."
a " D '" -1 c: F
., n !!. ~ & .. IS .. _".
n :7 s ? ~ ;;: · ! g :u ::I h
'" 0 .. .. .. .
g ~ " ;: v '" ....... ~
~ 0 .- .. · .. .. ~ c;;
5!. < OJ .. ~ e :II 8 III ~ z
3' ~ I " .. .. c...o .8
0 '" ~ ~ .. v e.
0 to ~ 0: to ~ g
0. 0 to ;; ..
0 " UI it .. ..
~ ~ .. 8 .-
!::: · .0 ... ~ 8
N .. .. ..
VI _,

;0 c n _,

c

~

r

p ...... UtN\O (J\ Co 0 ;...., ~

n 30

N

><

>

o ,.,

» z C) r rTJ

(/) rTJ o -f

o Z (/)

,."" N N ...., N ...., ...., N 00000000

1-

~ ~

..., ...,

8 8

" " ..., ....,

U> a

!?~~~ ~~~!?

0)"""000

-u ;0 o -u rTJ ;0 --l

rn (f)

x

o ,.,

» z C) r rTJ

Vl --i ,." ,." rr:

-- - - ---------_._

r-i=r1
j9[~.' .. :: .. : .: ]
1 cr.t::: (B-I)/2
D X -v .. __ . -
L[= -
PROPERTIES OF CHANNEL SECTIONS
DESIGNATION Moss t T Cy Ix I, ZX t, [91 IAAX. -
LEj~' a rx ry 9 BOLT
ISMC t(g/m cm2 mm mm em em4 em4 em trTr eml eml mm Min.
mm mm
75 X 40 7.14 9.1 4.8 7.5 1.32 78.5 12.9 2.9'4 1.19 20.9 4.81 21 - 12
-- -- ---- . . _ ...
100 X 50 9.56 12.2 5.0 7.7 1.54 192 26.7 3.97 1.48 38.4 7.71 28 50 16
C; -- .. ---. --_.
0> 125 X 65 13.1 16.7 5.3 8.2 1.95 425 61.1 5.05 1.91 68.1 13.4 35 55 22
- - -- -- ._-".
150 X 75 16.8 21.3 5.7 9.0 2.2 788 103 6.08 2.20 105 19.5 40 55 25
-- - -
.175 X 75 19.6 24.9 6.0 10.2 2.19 1240 122 7.04 2.21 141 23.0 40 55 25
._. .. -_ --
200 X 75 22.3 28.5 6.2 11.4 2.2 1830 141 8.02 2.22 183 26.4 40 60 25
1---. -- - --
225 X 80 26.1 33.3 6.5 12.4 2.31 2710 188 9.02 2.37 241 33.0 45 60 25
- -_ -. -- - ..--
250 X 80 30.6 39.0 7.2 14.1 2.3 J880 211 9.97 2.33 310 37.0 45 65 25
300 X 90 36.3 46.3 1.8 13.6 2.35 6420 313 11.8 2.60 428 47.1 50 65 28
2.82 .-
350 X 100 42.7 54.4 8.3 13.5 2.44 10000 434 13.6 571 57.3 60 65 . 28
-- "- .-
400 X 100 50.1 63.8 8.8 15.3 2.42 15200 508 15.4 2.82 760 67.0 60 70 28
--'-----_. -- .. ... . . ------ C!

en rTl VI

---._.

~ -~'-~- ................ ~ ~

--'

I.IIU ~ I e E QIYEH:iI!H~S
NOWIoIl OU~ SClf:OW SCIf:DW SClf:OW SlN(lIR() 5O£OW EXTRA SClf:DU.E SClf:DU.E SCIf:DW SCIf:DW SClf:OW SClf:OW DOI8.E
~SIlE 10 20 .lO lEOtI 40 SIRCNC 60 110 100 120 140 160 EXTRA
DWIElER STRONO
'fCH' mm mtn' IMI """ mm mm' "",,' mm "...' ,...' IMI' "...' mm 'mm'
1/4 11.7 1.2_ 1.24 1O2 1.02
JIB 17.1 loll I.JI l.2O llQ
1/2 Iiol 2.n I.n 1.71 1.71 4.11 7.47 -
1/4 21.7 1.17 1.87 UI loll ~ 712
I n4 l.lII l.lII 4.» 4.5S ~ 9.111
I 1/4 41.2 l.lII l.lII US US ~ l.lV
1 1/2 4I.J lIB lIB SJII s.GI 1.14 IQ.I~ -
I IO.J III Ul s.M s.M 1.74 11.07
I 1/2 710 111 111 7.01 7.01 Ul 14.G2
1 11.9 141 141 7.12 712 11.11 1124
31/2 101.1 174 174 lOI lOl
- • 1140l I.G2 1.02 '" '" 1I.1l 11.41 17.11
s ~ 141.3 I.l6 I.l6 Ul Ul l2.lV lUI Itm
I liI.J 7.11 1.11 IQ.l7 IQ.l7 14.27 Il21 11.1:1
, 111.1 U 7.01 III '" 11.1O lQ.l1 11.1O 1101 Il2I 20.11 IlOI 2l.2l
10 27ll U 1.10 1.27 1.27 12.1O 12.1O 1101 Il2I 21.44 2140 !lSI 2140
12 121.1 U LlI OJ 1Q.l1 11.1O 1427 17.41 21.44 2140 !lSI ll.l2 2140
14 ml u 1.92 Ul OJ 1'.1l 11.1O Is.GI ltm Wl 27.71 ll.~ 1171
II 401.4 U 7.92 Ul Ul 12.1O 11.1O IlIB 21.44 21.1' lOJI llSl 40.41
II 01 U 7.92 11.1l Ul 11.20 12.10 11.111 Wl lUI ".u JlI1 4U4
20 :.os u Ul l2.lV Ul I~ 11.1O 20.12
22 ~ U Ul 11.1O OJ 11.1O
24 110 U Ul 1421 Ul 17.41 12.1O 24.11
21 110 7.92 lUG Ul 1l.1O
211 711 7.12 12.1O lUI Ul 12.1O
:I) 112 1.92 II.lV lUI Ul 11.1O
12 III 1.92 111O lUI Ul 17.4' 11.1O
" .. 1.92 11lV lUI Ul 17.41 12.10
lIi 114 1.12 II.lV lUI Ul Itm 11.1O
1. I H E ~ I ~ E I E I Ii H I S
NOIIM. 0UISllE SClf:OW SClf:OW SClf:OW SINClMD !SOt:ow EXIiIA SClf:OW SClf:OW ~ SCIf:DW SClf:DU.E Iso£ow DOI8.E
fFESIlE OIAII£IER 10 20 .lO lEOtI 40 SlRONO 60 110 100 120 140 160 Exw,·
SIRCNC
'INCH' mm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm Ktj/m '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm '-'lIm
1/- Il7 -,_ o.u 0.11 0.10 0.10 --1---
1/8 ·w ~ 0.1:1 r.10 "~ !-- ~ '--_
172- i'~ -t---- i.v 1.21 1.12 I~- -I~~
~~
1/'- 247 _-- 1.11 lIB --H~ ~ f- ~~- -Ut - 111
,- .-~t- i3ii - ~ -,,~ 4.z3- -1_~
~ l.21
"1 r--. - III III "-41 ,~~ 1-- 110 1.16
-i i72 4ij '<Qi 4,01 111 -_.- ~~ ,_» ~
-~-- I~~ I-- 7.24
2-- 10.) r--- 1" -~ -~ !--.w.- 11.11 114~
10 -11.0 - -W ---~ ,~- t-- -lO..l9- V
-- 14.'1
1 ~iU iT.29. 11.29 1117 --.m- Il.ll - 21.61- ::.:
1 1/1 101,6 IlS} liS7 lUI ;'1.61 C
_- r
Cll '4 .- .:! 1b.-07 I iiG, t lIol' I~~-'~-- IlJO ll.Sl .i.oi
~ ,---- 1 f0,~ ~-~f C
.41.) , 40.21 4I.GII - ~).-I ~
T .:.a. _._,- :U' ~
-lJ}I ~'t4;_ " ... SO.lO 11.» 79.11
219,1 t--- 'I~ 'I~ 1109
J6,7'.I 14.11 14~1l ~ tQ.41 1OG.1l 111r.. 10181 V
10 2111 41.n SUD 1O.1t ~ II.~- 11 ,SO 9117 114.74 Ill.OO 11110 mr.. I~IO
"!L- lill ,~ e.1O 71.12 ~ ITaIl -~,~ '".1:1 IIUl 111191 ,....
7'.I.n 17.44 IOU' IlI.n rr
14 1116 ~.ii , ".t4 '11.11 11.211 ,. .. , ' 107.J11 124611 114.90 114.110 I1Ul 2111.611 s:
Ij--- <Ia' i2.61 -i*- Wi _!_lJ__!_ -'IUt' - 12l.29 1ii12' 2Ol.411 2'~ IIU2 11111 l61lO ~
is- m 1O,~ , 172.J6 1ca.14 IiUI IlIJ.1t 2ilo.lO' 1S4-" :11171 XI.IS 401..~ 0»-'1
20 5011 71.$4 111.01 11110 117.07 lW7 ~ .. ~47.1S _ r-:
-n'- -~ -1111~ 111.01 171.01 -129.01 - Y
~, "0 i4.~ 140.S4 I lOt,SO 140.,. '~i~ ~ ~02 -_ ---
'610 'I27JO 1OI.1l .m:v" c:
16 ~ en
28- 711 IJ1.42 'iii:TI- Iiiii' 114.10 ,....,
~- lil 147...56 114,14 U1
111,06 176.1J 214,14
12 lli Il12I' ~ 11l.~ IlIIii ~~ ~' -_- 1--- >
:z
34-- -1164'- !67.1O -- 2611.46 "~ ,300·~ - ---I--, Cl
JI4.s11 261,46
"36- II. In.ll -2III.J6 2II.ll '10.56 1II.J6 --- I-'
lSl,n -0
'0
,....,
Vl _ .. _ --,-----,-,-_,-,-=-----,.,,-----_,-,-- __ ------

All DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILUMETRES

TOLERANCES

(Tobie 4-15 3443-1980)

RAIL SECTION

r- JA~ ~

DIMENSION

ISCR SO,60 '" 80 ISCR 100 ISCR 120 AND 140
± 2 ± 2 + 2
- 3
± 1 ± 1 ± 1
± 2 + 2 + 2
- 3 - 4
± 2 ± 2 ± 2
± 1 ± 1.5 ± 2
+ 100 + 100 + 100
0 0 0
+ 3 + 3 + 3
- 2 PERCENT - 2 P(RCENT - 2 P(RCENT (": ", r=

HEAD WIDTH

THICKNESS Of HEAD fLANGE WIDTH

WEB THICKNESS HEIGHT

LENGTH

WEIGHT 10. MARKING

b) OESIGNATION (ISCR· (OR) Kg/m AS APPROPRIATE)

10.1.1 THE IlATERIAI. IlAY H.SO I[ IWIKED WITH THE lSI CERTIflCATIOII lIMIt

10.1 CRANE RAIl S£CTIOHS SfW..L BE IlARKED WITH THE FOlLOWING DETAIlS: 0) IlANUfIoCTURER'S 100NTlfICATIOII IIARK, ANO

~

o

::!i! -0

~====================================================~~

~ .. ~ - -----____,,"_
-
" - - _" -
U> !'" !-D ~ ~ ~ ~ in - 20
;.." n £-=-~~
'" '" '" ,., ,.,
~c.nx :z: X -., 8 g;~(56
[ri~rrt S .., ;:0 .... ..., ~ 2l
rrI 0 0 21
;ll'-~ .., ~ rrI
!:l :z: >< 0 ~ ~ ~ s 5i U> 8> );!
n r;;
ii'iSs: .., 0 0 0 0
.., ~ ~ CD
~Q!:l '" ~ ~ 0 U> :gco
. (") ~ p c: c: U> 0 r=
..., c: -., I"Tl
a~ r- ;:0 ~ N ii co ~ I
.., '" 0 .... ~~n
.., U> U> N
""x ill"~ ~
,., ,., "" ~ N 8 ~ 2l g; ~O
3 :z: 0 0
3 ~ ~~ rrI .... ... ..., :§rr1
-., g; b: :-' ...,
~.- U> C> U>
~I rn U>
~~ n 2l ::: !sl .... '" ...,~
-I '" ... o..:::!.-"
-< '-( V) 0
.,. <II :I: ~
3 III ,.., il ... b: ~ '" '" ~:§C)
is J;:;f:l C> .,. ... rrI
!~ .... U> CD !'" :§:J: 2
~ ~ p e: 1: i:;t ~ c:l V)
z en (5
~~ 8 § ... ... ~ ~-=-::o 2
~ g; 8 .e~ .Yl
~"" s uo g; ::: .... ""-:::-;:0 3
~~ ~ en '" en .:::;_N 3
0 _-=-;:0
... ~ ~ ... ~
X C> en CD .!:;:3.f:H
~a ..,
~~ i1 0 CD CD CD coo coor;.i:? ~
~~ ~ 0 co co co coo en ":::':::::0 r=
,., ,:::,(.11 (/)
~ ~ 0 co co en '" ",u.df'
r-:
l< s- ~ ~ _-=-::o
CiI C> .... .... U.S"""'" CRANE RAIL SECTIONS BASED ON IS 3443-1980

136.53

--_._--_.

Fig. 3 45 kg/m

Fig. 2

30 kg/m

~ X
N
~ ...
en
... AlL DIMENSIONS ARE IN t.fILlIt.fETRES

------_"- --

,---~--~~----~~------------~~--~~ ---"-- ----

~
!2
'" 152
I t-- I
e •• 76
~
lI! .." X
Jr:: ti50 ::!1
i~ 'f'
~t;:; "
"
lJ1 ~
"'" "'"
\C \C
<, <,
3 3
::: n n
N
~ ~
,.., ,..,
~ ~
r- r-
(J) (J)
,.., ,..,
n n
..... ::j
C5 0
z z .r

DOS

I

I !

DONT'S

DETAil 1

DO'S AND DON'TS IN STRUCTURAL STEEL FABRICATION

REMARKS

VI
.....
AI
C
n
.....
c
~
VI
~
!'
~
r-
YI
.....
c
CD
,..,
Vl
>
Z
0
"
'6
,..,
Vl &AlAS TO WAlLS

i I I

f' WEAmER PLATE

--- --_. - --------_.- --+----------

,! BASE PlATE 'f' AlUMINIUM

, INSULATION

BIMETAlLIC I -- STEEL

CORROSION I

1 BOLTS WITH SLEEVES

___ _ __1 AND INSULATION WASHERS

CORROSION AT CONCRETE INTERFACE

zus

- --'-' r ---- -.-BAS( PlATE ~ AlUMINIUM

CORROSION

--STEEL flUETAllIC

CORROSION

NO INSULATION

--_.--- - -- --- -

F •. ==:;~;;;;;:!E!!!!!!!!'!I5!!!!!!!!!~r,';;y,,;'/ ;"SlliIli·f ---- ...... ---------

I· _. - - - __ .. ,-_ -.- __,.----

G=================================~

DO'S AND DON'TS IN STRUCTURAL STEEL FA,SRICATION

DONT'S

REMARKS

• .

r

~

DETAIL

DOS

H.D. BOLTS

r r

r

SITE PRm.EW

NOIAINAI. II 25 D£SlRAa.£ WELD SIZE m ~II SPEOfI£D ~

CLEAlWtCE " Of

(II JOINT

NEAR WELDS

SITE PRm.EW

::-11-

~-tE~~NaS

IlAY BE CONTRA'ff:HED If HOLE E BECOIo(S SITE TO

~.IIIUII·SPEO~IEDJ

EDeE DlSTANC£

t 5mm D£SlRAa.E

---- - - -- - _----

MINIMUII EDGE OISTANCr fOR II00ES

SITE PRm.EII

DO'S AND DON'TS IN STRUCTURAL STEEL FABRICATION

DETAIL DO'S DONI'S REUARKS
HOLES REQUIRING tOWolETER ~m'~
TOlERANCE e_g.
FOR EXPANSION
HOlE
OR WHERE SITE *# UN ECONOWIC
TOlERANCE TO +** fH-
DISAl7t'ANTAC[S:
BE ACCOUWOOATEO I. TQ.ERANCE IN 0Nt Y ONE OIRECTIOH
2. SLOT HOLES EXPENSIVE
J. CORROSION TRAP
rJl [ NO ACCESS
, \'111." j .• ~~ ol_J II
WE"'BER~ IIAINTENANCE
LJ. 0/6 00 ___ EASIER
lOOmm IIIN
CHANNELS r ~~ ...
a: r=l A CORROSION
ANCLES ESCAPE HOlE IF TRAP
UNA\OOtIaE !!li~&;t;~~!s:::':l1~;D

!

!

.. ,

.-

I

b !~i~~,,,.'.i!I,. iIiiI __ iIiiiI __ iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiillliiiiiii_iiiiilliiIiiI-.

IS lJ§7 PART III - 1921 EDITION lisa; §9B- 1; 19m! (IiECHANICIl PROP£RTIES Of H.T. STEEL)
PROPERTY CLASS
MECHANICAl. PROPERlY 3.6 4.6 4.8 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.8 8.8 9.8 10.9 12.9 JQlt;
d(16 d>16 _pt-';os
TDI5U SlIOCIH "' .... - lOll 400 400 lOG 5011 1500 ICO ICO too IQ(I) 1200 to bo cIMIope<I ..
.. ~ 1JCI 400 '20 lOG :120 1500 ICO UI too 1040 1220 tho stell ore cIopendInl
lOlDl 'I'O.D Sl1Ui ",..J - 1110 240 12O lOO 400 4110 - - - - - _. lhe shGpo and
.... 110 240 14O lOO '20 4110 - - - - - silO fLt. n,j"'9 sect ... )
PIDJ" Sl1Ui "' .... - - - - - - - 640 640 220 too 1011) 01 tho I ...... ....,1
.... - - - - - - 640 I(i) 220 !140 1101 1noImenI.
!lQiCAIlOH .orn:a _ .... 25 22 14 20 10 I 11 12 10 I I
.... 10 II. 11' 141 III III 211 2'2 211 lO4 166
8ANIL HIIOCS ... 211 211 211 2lI 211 211 lO4 III .\42 lil ...
- REF: IS 2062-1999lBS970 PART -1.19721'8$97Q PART-2.1970 (CHEIIICIl PROP(RTl(S Of H.T. STEEl)
00
~ CIOO[S 'f!!ERW. ifill CAR80N IlANGANESE PHOSPHORUS SULPHUR SIlICON CHROIIUII MCK£l IIOlYB()[NUII
-,
u . ret-. .... IUl 1~ IUI!O Q.IIIO U
... 6:2012 ret- • .... IU2 1~ CI.04S CI.04S 0.'
ret-C ... Q.2O I~ Q.04O Q.04O Q.4
U , ... Q.lI o.eo
U -
...,.., ([a-I) ... 0." 1.00
U , ... Q.!O Q.!O
U .-
...,.., 1[10-1, ... o.eo 0.10
U _' ... Q.lI 0.10 0.10 Q.IO ~
1Q.t ([a-It) .... 0." 1.00 II.» Uti II.»
• ... Q.lI o..~ 0.10 1.00 1.lO Q.2O
IIlIMO
12.1 1[10-24) ... 0. .. 0.10 II.» 1.40 1.10 II.»
* - _ SIm. -..as __ £It S1tll. (IU. lIS< 110 _-2 : 1110) C ""t ~ V

~~ HILMAN ROLLERS "II :. II

~ I L I
rOtA. B A
~~ ~
I.."...l 0 t!-l r 0tA.
0tA. •
QU XOI STYLE I STILE NI STYLE

PAQOuCT _SEAS ~WEN~S. (IOO:S/WW) c:cootACI_
- ~ J!!. ~."='r A Q r n K W N P ~.au.J01' '" ,
f): 0.7>-0' O.7~-NT O.7~-T O.1~ ". 1-1/2 'I_ ll/II III )-1/1 , s- ," • 1-1/4 a I-lIZ -lIz )-)/' ~/I' a 6 12 !
I. 6' 10 11 10 7. '78 140 20l '8' ~. '6' 8. .2 8 ,. , ,
2.5-0T 2.5-Hl 2.,·,1 2.~ Lri.1l-1IJ1'/"T "1"1'1- l-)/'Ll~lnll-!/2 • -7/1 1-1/1 . 4_1/1 1/11 • 2' •• I
._ _ 19 _F~ ~_£~_ 10 }-J' 178 14 ._241 20l 62 '6' '02 '0' 14 ,. , .0 • ,
~-OT ~-NT ~ ;~ 5'\'/4 !,l,-I/. ;:"al""'o-t 1 • J-/~I'-"-'1_11 10-1/1 -1/' • -," -'I" till , 22 2' •
t-~ 1 203._1_,_, . ..::':10 251 62 20l It, ttl 14 76 s '0 '0 !
1 Q R\ -l~ ';"'4 __ ,..J
8;01 8-NT 8-1 8 ]/" J-1/4 ~/ct I~/II l' 1-1/110 . 0·J/4 1-l! 10-l/e -'11 • 1;7 _~/ll t/'l , 2' 2) 2
19 83 10 24 11 79 203 171 298 257 8, 20l 'l> 14 16 , tt '0 '(
1~-OT 1:;-NT 15-T 15 '-'I' J-l1/ul ~/' 1-1/11 1/2 J-l11 ,. 1-1/2 4-JI II-II/I Z-JI IO-~1 • -Jill 11/'1 -'I' 2' 2l 2
41 .' '6 1O Il .8 2,. 2.6 l7> l22 70 210 121 "2 11 ss , tt .0 '(
20-01 20-NT 20-1 20 1-)1 J-II/'1 5/1 I-Jill 1/2 ]-1/1 " 1;~/2 4-31 II_II/I . IO-V -vn ~-'I' "/11 l-In ,. , . •
41 •• '6 lO " .8 2,. .6 l7> l22 '02 270 '65 '6' .1 8' , 22 22 2
J1.:;-OT J7.5-NT .l7.~-T .17.:' , ~-I/Z 'I' I-~/' va '-1/1 " 10-1/1 .' 11-1/4 J-'I " , , 11/'1 4_114 '2' 114 10
51 140 •• .. '6 140 )0' 267 'll '76 8. lSI 178 '18 2' 108 6 " '2 ,.
SO-aT 50-NT >0-1 ~O J-J/4 ~-In J/. I-~/I VI '-liz " 10-1/2 " '1-1/4 J-II 11-11 , , u/'1 4-114 147 142 'lS
.5 140 I. .. 16 140 lO' 267 >ll 476 8. '70 17. 17. 2' '0. a 67 6' 6
1:;-OT 7!i-NT 75-T " 1_1/ ,-1/4 , 1-1'/'1 In 1-1/4 .. II-In " .. J-11 " ~-~(2 1_3/1 1_1/11 • 241 227 2~~
l2 2]> 2, •• " 17. ]>6 2.2 686 610 .2 >]l 181 27 127 7 '09 'Ol
'OO-(XOl) '00 .12.5 215 25 '. It t7. ]>6 2.' - . .2 >]5 - 202 25 8'1S

til til

ISAlS.lS.S (TYP.)

DEJAL - x

re ELEVATION N - N (PANEL - B)

500

~ IOQ 300 ICC ~
I I
~
~
~
'- - PANEL - B

PANEL - B ELEVATION t.f - t.f (PANEL - A)

QETAILS OF TRESTLE

(SCALE 1:15)

PANEL A~,

typ. TOP PlAN Of TRESTLE

t-....:500:.=--rlSA 50 • 50 • 6 ...... --"i" (TYP.)

S![ 16 • 11.5. ROO

... lACING (TYP.)

ISAlS.lS.5

.)

~Tf:BW. BEQQ EIlB Otif: IBESILE
(2.060 II. HIGH)
JIJIU WJiIII .l1....li..&
ISA :5OxSOx6 12.J011. ~
ISA J5xJ5x5 IO.JOII. 26.78
161 11.5. ROO 17.6IlU. 27.78
TOTH. • 109.91 Kgs. IIlJS; 12.0 to 40mm U:. 44 Moo. M1H MJT l w.so IIllE: .lU. DIhSICfIS M£ .. 1111.

Q

'" U>

U>

~ -!"

'" co

""'I

I 0

'"

o ~

L=Lenglh considered

U> a

o ~ :J

- m 0.

~ en U .p.1~

i: ~ m""'O

en en

0' a ~

..,.., ..,

3 C1> C1>

n"U I " 0

NI~ .g

r en

.. ~

..,

"ii ~ NI~ Y' ~ -0 en

m I ~

en : 3

I I I 3 I

I

.., o a. c en

en C1> o

:J I :J

"3 3

o 0

x )(

IV

.., a

9:

c II)

@ @

Ii ~ ~ ~I ~:;; II J~ **
0* ~ ~ ~ ;1 1" iii:
6' § , , ~ II n III
! ~!~ m ~;;l 11 a ~ ~ ;'1$ all; 1:1:11 ~~ :c ~
II ..
~ ~ s ~ iii: ~g ~~
.. g l ~ iii: ~i
a j; i! ~,.- ~ it
;: ~ ~ ~! :0'8
~ III el~B ~i iAI'; ~g ~i
~ ~ ;: ~ 0 ~x ~ II lUi III' l!: ~ ~ CAl
::J 11 nr"
0- !, ri iii ~ I
" I 6r"
0- sl '" § ~
~ ~ ~~ t t s; s; t ~cn .... .~ !!l~
~ I ~
~~ iii ill, I ~ I ~; o·
I , ~, !~S! ::J
" r,; ~ is ~; klM -I; ff ~.
i!i 1$ ..... 8- i n su n ~ ~ !
% "
~ t ~ ~ i!i is iii ~ II: !Ii ':i Ig' ~Ill 88 .. 1$ t; III ~ I~ l!:i! cr
!! ..... ., III
l- iai .,
kl~!!J sIS e!iil ~ o-i III $ 88 .. 8 ~ t:: III 115 ss' ~
"
f- -I- 1$ ::J ~ r;i ~ to fill
II:~~ N ~; klll! got 11:$ so, .. Ill 1$ !::: s
01 ;;; I~
f- -l- I ::J iiii II: ;!! g a
s:~~ mi CAl ;!!I$ .. <:I 1:11 j, fill
II: III ' , !, I! !!II,
~I$ $$ .. i:Jl I: ~ :1
1:1 ~!!J 26- e!~
.. 01 ! siS
f- -f- illS .. e III ~
~ 01 N kl!g I !~ ~~ ~!! !~I ~
II:~ 0 I II ~ iii:! .. ij I!I = 11:1 _ .. .... ... N
H r.-t- !!!I!I
t;~ iii~ II:~ !!Sill in ' . ii 8 ill Gi !; !i ii fK ~~ en .." 3 0

o ""' =en to _

en 0 - CT

-=:

(1;-'<

to

CT"

g I1J

""' en

0. ~

o 2,.=

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Io!I
'" is ~
~ :; 0 ...
c ~ ~ ~ ~
-e
a a a s ~
~ ~ ~ c:
,., lii!
C> ~
~ ~ ~ ... ~
E c 6
~ ~ ~
~ :; ;:;
IS
,.,
Si!
. ~ r-> ~ b: I
b .. b
"&
l:.
li!
:I
:I N

OJ.

&

_. ~ :e.. == ...
,." ~
z:
In II II II II II
a
z: ex>1:e.. == ~ zr CI)
_0
3 ::T' )(- ;;0'"
~~ ~. II
;;0'" N
.." z N
% 2-
2-
'" '"
~ c:
c: '<
01 '<
~ iii"
::>
iD + '"
:;:
.... a
::>~ II
" 0
+ 0
N
00 Y'
IS>
a
::J
"
-;5 o :> L' o c:

5:

0-3

.....

o z

......

Zo q'":lj

c:-

--<3

UJ--3"

-

:>

L'

0-3

t%j In Z "U UJ 8 ..... ~ o

z ~

n In

-.~-~. ---.-.---.~-----.-. ---

COHESNE SOIlS NON-COHESNE SOiLS ROCKS ~
,... ~
~ -e ~ ~ ;0 OCD ~~ g; .11: II: g; g> ,. ~ !8 ~ II: n ii~ g; 0;0 ::; all' }>
fit e i !.i a -Hi ;;:':0 ~ a '" '" ~ 8 all: 3 ><
:r~ a " CD CD ~l "'a ~
!!: -- ... ~ -_ .. c it 0: 3-
3. c CD
Q " n 1i~ i ~i 3 ~ !- !'l 3", !'l 3 ~ 55 0 a ~
~ g & ~~ a S' jl. !'l~ '" !'l ll .. a- [ a~ ~
=r S'o oil ~ 10 p. !'l "0 a. a.
a. 3 0" a.§" 3- a i $. jl. Sa Ii. ~ 0- •
.. i" g:a if 8 jl.- ~ ~~
0 .. 0 -go ~
c a& po. [ 3 a :c o.~ 0 0 ~ ~~
.., ~!'l "C:" a s iii a -0;
g.o ~ 9. ~ a -<~ -< 3 0 3'
'" ..,a ! _..0 .. a M
a " ~ =r !- ~ " " "8 g,~ 3- is
ii!!. ~ a. a. C ~ 2 .
e -g;2. 0 S' [ !l .. ..
" a a. ..0 3 g:- " =r e "
a. '" .. ~ -< i a [g, a
... ~ [ ~3 .. 1: a " a ~
-;;- If [ 0 " a. .-;;- CD if
a .... .§" .. a. =ro ~3. n '"
2.s. ~ ;;' 0 a. ~ 3 0 c
~ "i c: !. ~ ~ -< ~ a ,...
e '" ~ 3- a~ !fa 9.
'" ~ ~ ... ~ CD ;;: s- a III :;0
0 00 a. c: !!:a
g;g: -e 0- l!2
0 a S' • :I ~ c " Ii" ~
! "co e =r a ( ~a <T ~
Ii -e $ if
~& 3 1\- S' [ -a a s
<T =r c r lla =- 0;
! n 3 " ~
~ i <> ~~ ~
'" CT ~
C- o ~ I a
I: 2- If t -< 8 8.& -0
"8 it i' .. ..,
~- ~ a- il 0- a ~
iii =r ... i il_
i- a " 0- s: =r !D
Ii ..0 ~
..
~
~
~
"'r'" I'" ~
I; I; - I:!: .... ... ~ ~ .... .... ... ... ... en is iJl
0 0 0 U; 0 U; 8
..,. I~ - CD ..,. '" '" ..,. '" '" '" '" .... .... r-r-r-r-r-t-t-t-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-il'-

,-I

f-+---+---1I---I-+--1-.J--+--+--f--

'" o

f--I- '-r-+-l-+-+-+--+-+--+--+ -j.-+__-+--t --I- _ I-- '--+~f--t---

--

~---l-+-+-!-+- 1--+--+---4-- f--'.--J.-I- __ ."-j'I---I-+-+.- F ~++~-::

.--

f-+-+-if--+--I----I-+-+---+---l-+--- I-'+-+-I--+--+--+ - 1--"-+--+-+-+--

f--f--I---+--If.-+-+--.J.--f.--I-- -f-- -

- I-----+--+-+__ +--+-t---+-f--+

...L.-.I. __ .l.. .. _'-- _

ms

- I I
t--r- .., o Ul

-

--------.--.~-.--=-

I--++-+----+-I--+-+'_ -- -- - -- - f--+--t----4-I--+-++-I---l-t-+--l I--+-+-+++-+-+--t---f---

I-+--+-+-+-l'--f-+-+--_._- --I-+-+--+-+-l-f-+-+-+-t-I---t--I

f---'--

'.

n

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful