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Garnet is also listed as a birth/natal or star stone in the following birthstone tables: Modern - January Traditional - January Ayurvedic - January Zodiac - Aquarius Sun Sign (Star Sign) - Capricorn Sun Sign (Star Sign) - Aquarius Talismanic - Taurus Planetary - Scorpio Arabic - January Hebrew - January Roman – January Garnet's powers include healing, strength, and protection and it is often worn to relieve inflammations of the skin. It is also believed to regulate the heart and blood flow and aid in curing depression. In earlier times, garnets were exchanged as gifts between friends to demonstrate their affection for each other and to insure that they meet again.
Folklore, Legend, and Healing Properties: Powers attributed to amber include love, strength, luck, healing, and protection, calming for hyperactivity and stressed nerves, finds humor and joy. Legend says that Amber was believed to provide magicians and sorcerers with special enhanced powers. Helps remove energy blockages, strengthens physical body. Excellent for enhancing altered states of consciousness. A Brief History of Baltic Amber Amber stirs the soul, delights the eye, warms the heart and excites the world's scientific imagination. Amber, an organic plastic, has the unique & singular ability to encompass and preserve the organic materials it encounters, like the the proverbial fly trapped in honey. Baltic amber is approximately 40-60 million years old and was held dear by many ancient cultures, treasured both for protective & decorative qualities. In modern western times, the movie Jurassic Park caused a surge of popular interest in this gemstone. However, amber has long commanded the hearts and minds of humans--in fact, it has commanded whole economies.
It has been found in the form of pendants dating from the Paleolithic Era (c. amber was one of the few products deemed worthy of transporting such long and arduous distances. and has been traded for centuries. It is during this time that caches of amber are also found embedded beneath the . spores." --Andzia.). one can trace the ancient amber trade routes. Purchased in Gdansk." Common inclusions are plant materials such as oak leaf remnants or tiny hairs from oak buds. It resides in my private collection. leaves. down the Elbe River. This is why amber is often referred to as a "Window to the Past. 12. creatures I should say--for there are several. Poland.000 B. The scientific study of amber has yielded ounty of priceless data about the ancient world which but for the golden fist of amber's preservation would have been lost to the ages. From the Baltic Sea. I have no idea what the proper name is for this tiny creature. Evidence of amber jeweller's workshops has been discovered by archeologists tied to the Neolithic period. It is very beautiful to hold in the palm of your hand & reflect upon the world before human came into existence. Not having a scientific mind. "I collect Baltic amber for its natural beauty & connection to the living world.Inside the plant material and insects it has encapsulated. pollens. The Amber Road The ancient amber trade routes brought faraway nations into contact with one another and served as a communications and trade hub. As a luxury item found only in a few widely dispersed areas. At least 214 plant species have been identified through morphological analysis of amber. and on to the Danube. I do know it is lovely & hope to have it made into a piece of jewelry someday. twigs and most famously of all--insects. in the mid-nineties. strands of DNA-life's basic code--are also captured. Amber was one of the first commercial products.C.
the harvesters of amber. Natrualis historia. By the 1100s. including the Phoenicians. and from the Samland Peninsula to the Black Sea Coast.' " --Pliny.D. overland. XXXVII* The Dark Ages descended and a period of great social unrest and migration began. Amber has been mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey. the heart of the Roman Empire. they became absolute rulers of Prussia and the Baltic sources of .. After the Teutonic Knights returned from the Crusades. It was brought back in such abundance that the ' "stage set" for the fight [gladitorial] w[ere] based exclusively on amber. But in the 1st century AD. through the Brenner Pass into Italy. from Western Pomerania down the Oder. including coinage. and It has been written by Pliny the Elder that the price of a small single piece of amber sculpture was worth more than a healthy slave. The introduction of Christianity resulted in the popularization of the cross as an amber motif. They apparently valued amber even more than the fair-haired Baltic slaves. from Jutland down the Elbe. in the latter part of 1200 A. much more ancient trade roads previously dominated by others. Then. We learn from the Great Book of Amber that in the time of Nero. The Romans used amber in a number of different objects. The ancient Amber Way led first from the North by water. it was the Celts who re-established what would have been even to them. through Pomerania down the Vistula.possibly intended to ensure the good fortune of the occupants. Rome was next in line to become the undisputed center of the amber industry. an expedition was sent by Julianus to the Baltic Coast to procure amber. Amber artefacts from various periods have been found in Mycenae shaft graves (Greece) as well as finds in Babylonia and Egypt (Tutenkhamen's tomb) & even in Brighton (UK) where a particularly famous amber cup from a burial mound is housed. Even the ' "mesh" ' used for restraining wild animals and covering the podium had a piece of amber in every knot. Gdansk served as the main center of amber production.foundations of houses. to Bohemia. whom often were taken back to Rome as well. During the 1st-4th Centuries BC.
crumbling walls.. Scholars have recently put forth three species of still growing trees as candidates. Origins of Baltic Amber About 45 million years ago. I viewed the Marlbork Castle (one of the great castles of the Teutonic Knights) for the first time from a train window. Amber is not. Anyone caught with a piece of amber that was not part of a rosary was subject to severe punishment and. a moat.. the territory of present central and northern Europe known as Fennoscandia was covered by a thick "amber forest" stretching from the Norwegian Coast to the Caspian Sea before the landmass separated into what we know as present day Europe. such as cherry and plum trees. courtyards. a grim warning to all who would appropriate amber for themselves. as well as the manufacture of amber objects--mostly religious objects such as Paternoster beads (Christian rosaries). exuded either during either injury or radical climate change. Canada) Scientists at the Polish Museum of Science speculate that reddish tints found in cherry amber are the resin of deciduous trees. turrets with banners flying. pine sap. I thought I was dreaming. Australia) ~ Cedrus atlantis (cedar. but rather amber is the vascular tisssue of the trees.. hanging. . North Africa) ~ Pseudolarix wheri (larch.000 cataloged pieces & is eclectic--from ancient pieces made by man's early workings to contemporary work of amber artisans today. I was fortunate enough to return a few years later.. Art prints (lithographs) from that time commonly depict amber fisherman portrayed along with gallows.* On my first trip thru Poland. The Knights ruled with an unyielding fist. Atlas Mountains. as is commonly thought.* These are: ~ Agathis (aurakaria.The amber collection in Malbork Castle has over 2. often.amber.
Amber altar in Gdansk. possesses a more ancient and glorious history than the painting of Our Lady of Czestochowa. Illustration from the K. Drapikowski's publication. thus Baltic amber is the most highly valued form of amber. St. lichens and fungi. oaks. and they produced an unnaturally large secretion of resin. mistletoe & cinnamon trees as well as various kinds of heathers. Amber resins were first borne out to sea on freshwater rivers from mountainous regions of the amber forest.later it came to mean amber. A Brief History of Our Lady of Czestochowa: Amber Cloak & Crown It is doubtful whether any other representation of Our Blessed Mother with Her Divine Child. The forest must have been unimaginably beautiful--it is suggested the Pinus Succinifera trees were similar to modern day sequoias. The valuation of any gemstone is tied directly to its rarity. magnolias. Baltic amber contains the highest level of succinic acid. mosses. The level of succinite contained in amber determines its quality. Brygida church. Diamonds.Polski Jubiler. tea shrubs. maples. jet (both derived from various stages of coal) and amber are the only gems of vegetative origin. rhododendrons. 2001. horse-chestnuts. finally resulting in amber (succinit). also meaning sap. It is known from inclusions in amber that the sub-tropical amber forest also included the following species of trees: palm trees. even whole damaged trunks due to temperature fluctuation were thus carried to sea.The collective name used for these amber-producing trees is Pinus Succinifera.** This resin has undergone myriad physical and chemical processes through the eons. Amber is one of the few precious substances on earth we consider a gem which is not of mineral origin. heaths. 11-15 . "Succinim" is Latin for juice. No. cypresses.
saying "My grace shall accompany it. Mary sat for the portrait. Everything was destroyed except a small section of wall upon which hung the painting of Mary and Jesus. Over time. Prince Ladislaus gave it over to the Latin Rite Hermits of Saint Paul who are still there to this day.Tradition tells us that St. It remained there for 579 years. Concerned with the safety of the painting. No amount of coaxing or goading could make them go on. So began the miraculous history of the painting. She brought it back to Constantinople and presented it to her son. The year 1382 begins the remarkable record history of this miraculous painting. the horses drawing the wagon with the painting stopped. During one attack the city seemed ready to fall. At the request of the faithful. The Miraculous Image was placed in a chapel and given to the care of the Basilian monks of the Greek Rite. Prince Ladislaus Opolski decided to move it to one of his castles in Upper Silesia. Constantine the Great. but the people rallied to the painting and the city was saved. Over the years. Helen while searching for the True Cross. the . A few years later. The portrait was brought to Kiev and installed in the Royal Palace of Belz. Venerated for nearly 300 years while hidden in Jerusalem. In 1382 the painting received an injury from invading Tartar's. Miracle upon miracle was attributed to the intercession of Mary by persons praying before the portrait. An arrow pierced it. leaving a scar which is still visible on the neck. Another time the city was under attack and the chapel caught fire. Eventually it was given as a gift by the Byzantine Emperor to a Ruthenian nobleman. Mary appeared to Ladislaus and told him this was to be Her new home. Luke painted it on the top of a cypress wood table which came from the home of the Holy Family. The intense heat and soot from the fire had darkened the already dark olive features of Mary and Jesus. the first Christian Emperor of Rome. If figured in the heroic successful defense of Poland against invaders who were enemies of the Catholic Church. On the brow of a hill called Jasna Gora (bright hill) within a few paces of the town of Czestochowa. The chapel became a center of hope for the people of the city. many enemies laid siege to Constantinople. She was pleased with the finished portrait. Constantine built a chapel for the portrait and where it remained in for five centuries. the painting was discovered by St.
who furnished new crown. At present a painting of Our Lady of Czestochowa adorns the alter of the Pope's private chapel at Castol Gondolfo. One of the raiders seeing the jewels and gold covering the painting slashed at it with sabers. The other raiders fled for fear of Divine Retribution. In 1683 it was the Turks and in 1920 the Bolsheviks. Pillaging they loaded all the treasures of Jasna Gora into wagons. When he went to strike it a third time he fell dead. enriching it with many privileges. --Andzia .monastery as Jasna Gora became a monastic fortress and focal point of Polish nationalism. St. As a result. threw the painting off the wagon and the horses moved. Pious X. Pope after Pope have granted spiritual favors to pilgrims visiting the Shrine. In 1909. Our Lady of Czestochowa was crowned as Queen of Poland (feast is May 3). vandals tore off the gold crown and 'overdress' of pearls. the horses pulling the wagon with the painting would not move. Each time the facial cuts reappeared. During all these stirring historical events the painting did not escape desecration and mutilation. In 1655 the monastery held out against a mighty Swedish army. In 1430 Hussites sacked the monastery. It is believed to be the will of Mary that the scars should remain as a sign to any who would desecrate Her Shrine. This sacrilege was repaired with the help of Pope. The Hussites. Repeated efforts by skilled artists to patch the scars failed. Cutting twice into the right cheek of Mary.
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