History / Background

Authorization of Junior ROTC
The enactment of Public Law 88-647 and codification in Title 10, U.S.C., Sec. 2031, authorized the military service secretaries to commission Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (JROTC) units at secondary schools that meet established criteria. Accordingly, the Secretary of the Navy has authorized the CMC to establish Marine Corps Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (MCJROTC) units throughout the United States.

Purpose of MCJROTC
The purpose of the Marine Corps Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps program, commonly referred to as “Junior ROTC”, is to instill a value of citizenship, service to the United States, personal responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment. It does not seek any particular commitment to the military. The current legal basis for Junior ROTC is Section 2031 of Title 10, United States Code. That section is implemented by the Department of Defense. The governing directive, 1205.13 “ROTC Program for Secondary Educational Institutions”, is dated June 16, 1982. The Department of Defense funds are sponsors JROTC through the Secretaries of the Military Departments. MCJROTC is funded and sponsored through the Office of the Navy. Legally, the JROTC program offered in a high school must be no less than three (3) years. Each year of the program contains 180 hours of leadership instruction and application. The program may extend over four (4) years. Your program meets these requirements. Similar programs are conducted nationwide by the other three military services.


Mission of Marine Corps Junior ROTC
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Develop informed and responsible citizens. Develop leadership skills. Strengthen character. Promote an understanding of the basic elements and requirements for national security. Help form habits of self-discipline. Develop respect for, and an understanding of, the need for constituted authority in a democratic society.


Enrollment Requirements
1. To be eligible for enrollment and continuance in a MCJROTC unit the student must: a. b. Be enrolled in, and attending, a regular course of instruction at the school where the unit is located.

Be a citizen of the United States of U.S. National or alien lawfully admitted to United States for permanent residence and in a grade above the eighth (8th) grade. c. d. physical cadet Be of good moral character as determined by the principal of the school and the SMI. Be physically qualified to participate fully in the school’s physical education program. Current annual school evaluations, as stated above, are mandatory for participation in the program.

Cadets may be withdrawn from the MCJROTC Program for the following reasons: 1. Academic Failure – You must pass MCJROTC in order to remain a part of it. However, withdrawal is not automatic. Each case is reviewed and handled separately. 2. Ineptitude – Students who consistently demonstrate an inability to develop leadership skills may be withdrawn. 3. Poor Attitude – Any cadet who consistently displays a poor attitude regarding the MCJROTC program may be withdrawn.


Classroom Procedures
1. 2. 3. Bring textbooks, notebooks, and pen or pencil to every class. Many times cadets will be required to take notes. When entering the classroom, go directly to your seat. All socializing will take place during the passing period before and after class. All head calls (bathroom breaks) will be made before or after class. No head calls will be authorized during class except in cases of emergency. Uniforms will be worn as directed by the SMI. Green PT shirts and shorts, or sweatpants, is the PT uniform provided but is not required . Each cadet is responsible for reading the daily information book in order to keep informed on what is going on. Not reading the book is no excuse for not knowing what is required of you during the next class period. No cadets are allowed in the Cadet Admin Office, Armory, or Supply Areas without specific approval of the instructors. The office telephones are business phones only. They may, if absolutely necessary, be used by cadets with permission of the SMI or MI. No routine calls may be made from these phones. Calls may be made once permission is granted and must be limited to two (2) minutes. Cadets are expected to conduct themselves with proper decorum at all times in school, and especially within the MCJROTC spaces.


5. 6.


Cadets are expected to attend all JROTC functions. This includes everything from daily classes to extracurricular activities and special events. Cadets should anticipate, as much as possible, when they will not be able to attend a JROTC requirement in order to let the instructors know in advance.

School Citizenship
Marine Corps JROTC cadets are high school students. They are fully expected to conduct themselves in accordance with all school rules and regulations. Any cadet failing to maintain higher standards of conduct and citizenship will not be permitted to remain in the Marine Corps JROTC program.

Public Displays of Affection
Cadets will not display any gestures of affection in school or on school grounds. This holds especially true when in uniform and pertains to kissing, embracing, holding hands, or other forms of intimate behavior. Affection between a man and a woman should be a private matter, and as such any displays of affection should be done in private. Cadets who think they are showing off their maturity by kissing and hugging in public are really only displaying a lack of maturity and risking a lower Marine Corps JROTC leadership grade for their conduct. The Mexico High School Policy of Affection is: conspicuous displays of affection by students in a school are an unacceptable behavior, which is offensive to staff members and students who are exposed to that behavior. Students who persistently engage in displays of affection in school may be subject to disciplinary action as well as contacting home to inform parents of the problem. Holding hands is not an inappropriate display of affection. However, kissing and fondling another person are behaviors that are not appropriate for the school environment.


Daily Cadet Conduct
A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. Cadets arrive on time for class; greet the instructors on the way into class. Cadets contribute to the class with appropriate answers to questions. Cadets wear appropriate clothing. Cadets strive to improve themselves continuously. Cadets honor their word. Cadets demonstrate initiative by doing things without being told to. Cadets remain loyal to their families, fellow cadets and students, their school and their community. Cadets treat others with dignity and respect regardless of race, religion or gender. Cadets take care of each other. Cadets wear their uniforms proudly and with distinction. Cadets maintain appropriate military haircuts. Cadets do not smoke or wear hats on school grounds. Cadets respond to with adults with a “Yes, or No Sir or Ma’am”. Cadets do not lie, cheat or steal. Cadets use appropriate language and do not curse or swear. Cadets do not use drugs. Cadets offer suggestions to improve the system. Cadets maintain a can-do attitude.


R. S.

Cadets respect public and private property. Cadets respect public laws and regulations.


School Academics
All Marine Corps JROTC cadets are required to maintain a satisfactory grade point average (GPA) in all their school subjects in order to remain in the MCJROTC program. Failure to maintain a minimum GPA, as determined by the SMI and approved by the principal, will put the cadet on immediate probation during the next semester. If this happens the cadet may be limited in what activities he or she may participate in. If the cadet fails to raise his or her grade to the required level during the next semester, the cadet will be suspended from MCJROTC and required to turn in all uniforms and stop any participation in MCJROTC. If the cadet raises his or her GPA during the probationary period, the cadet will be allowed to resume full activities.

Cadet Curriculum
Leadership Education is the name of the MCJROTC curriculum because we use the tenants of Marine Corps leadership to teach and develop a sense of responsibility, loyalty, discipline and character in cadets. Throughout the four years of the program, the Leadership Education curriculum is presented by the five (5) different categories of instruction. Those categories are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Leadership Citizenship Personal Growth and Responsibility Public Service and Career Exploration General Military Subjects.


Cadet Participation
Cadets of the MCJROTC Program will participate in a Leadership Education level as dictated by the number of years in the program the cadet has completed. Naturally, LE-1 is for those students entering the program for the first time, while LE-4 is for the cadets who have successfully completed LE-1 through LE-3. 1. Leadership Education I (LE-1) The first year of the program provides cadets with an introduction to both leadership and citizenship. The first year also gives the new cadets exposure to personal growth and responsibility and establishes a foundation of military structure and tradition. 2. Leadership Education II (LE-2) The second year continues the leadership and citizenship classes of LE-1. During LE-2, the students receive instructions in General Military Subjects with more structure and tradition than in LE-1, as well as the introduction of civilian marksmanship training and land navigation training with the map and compass. This year also provides additional learning experiences in personal growth and responsibility, as well as citizenship. 3. Leadership Training III (LE-3) In LE-3, cadets will begin to use their leadership training as they assume positions of increased authority and responsibility within the program. In this year also, detailed instruction on personal finances is presented, as well as other preparation for life beyond high school. 4. Leadership Training IV (LE-4) LE-4 is a year when cadets really bring together all their previous learning experiences in the MCJROTC program. Senior cadets will conduct formations and inspections, as well as supervise certain training events with younger cadets. LE-4 cadets continued to be challenged academically with requirements for research projects and independent studies and progress reports.


Cadets of Marine Corps JROTC will be graded in multiple areas of the program. The academic curriculum portion of the program will be graded very much like other traditional high school classes. However, as part of their overall MCJROTC grade, cadets will also be observed, evaluated and graded on their leadership performance. Leadership performance will encompass carrying out one’s cadet duties and it will also cover participation in citizenship activities and other MCJROTC activities.


Cadet Rank Structure
The rank structure used in Marine Corps JROTC is mirrored after the officer and enlisted ranks in the U.S. Marine Corps. The following ranks (with corresponding billets) are utilized, depending on the size of the unit. A. B. C. D. Cadet Colonel / Lieutenant Colonel – Cadet Battalion Commander Cadet Major / Lieutenant Colonel – Cadet Battalion Executive Officer Cadet Major /Cadet Captain – Cadet Company Commander, S-1 Administrative Officer, S-3 Operations Officer, S-4 Logistics Officer Cadet First / Second Lieutenant – Cadet Company Executive Officer, Cadet Platoon Commander, Battalion Public Affairs Officer / Historian Cadet Sergeant Major – Cadet Battalion Sergeant Major Cadet First Sergeant – Cadet Company First Sergeant Cadet Gunnery Sergeant – Cadet Company Gunnery Sergeant, Cadet Platoon Sergeant Cadet Staff Sergeant – Cadet Company Supply Sergeant, Cadet Company Guide Cadet Sergeant – Cadet Squad Leader, Cadet Company Clerk Cadet Corporal – Cadet Fire Team Leader Cadet Lance Corporal – Any qualified Cadet may be promoted to this rank Cadet Private First Class – Any qualified Cadet may be promoted to this rank.

E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L.


Cadet Promotions
1. Promotions are an honor and a privilege. Those Cadets receiving promotions must possess the prerequisite abilities and skills. Primary authority for promotions rests with the Senior Marine Instructor. Cadets returning from the previous school year will normally be promoted to a higher rank, providing their last quarter conduct and grades meet the criteria: a. Promotions are based on demonstrated leadership ability, academic, and disciplinary excellence. The minimum standards for any promotion are to have a current grade point average (GPA) of “2.0” and to have passed the Youth Physical Fitness Test (YPFT) in the current grading period. 2. New cadets or first year cadets: a. b. C. D. 3. New cadets begin the year as a private Promoted in January to PFC if passing JROTC with at least an 80 average. Promoted one additional rank for participating on one or more teams to maximum rank of cadet Lance Corporal. Cadets that are assistants are promoted an additional rank not to exceed cadet Lance Corporal.

Second Year Cadets:

After successfully completing their first year with a grade of 90 or above, a cadet will be promoted one rank higher than the previous year. Second year cadets can be promoted to a maximum rank of cadet Gunnery Sergeant according to their billet.



Third Year Cadets:

After successfully completing their second year with a grade of 90 or above, the cadet will be promoted one rank higher than the previous year. Third year cadets can be promoted to a maximum rank of cadet Major according to their billet. 5. Fourth Year Cadets:

After successfully completing their third year with a grade of 90 or above, they will be promoted one rank higher than the previous year. Fourth year cadets can be promoted to a maximum rank of cadet Lt Colonel according to their billet. 6. Upper Classman

Upper classman that are in the program for the first year (new cadets) will start as privates, but will be allowed to be promoted to the maximum rank according to their year group. If these cadets are eligible for a cadet billet, the battalion commander will review their eligibility and appoint that cadet to a billet as needed. 7. Seniors without a billet Seniors without a billet will be promoted the previous years rank plus one, not to exceed the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. 8. Staff Non Commissioned Officers (NCO’s) Staff NCO’s can increase to the next Staff NCO rank or a maximum nd of 2 Lieutenant (This depends on the billet held and recommendations as determined by the programs needs.) 9. Lieutenants that are double billeted can obtain the rank of First Lieutenant per the SMI decision.


Billet / Ranks
• • •

Battalion Commander – rank cadet Major Battalion Executive Officer – rank cadet Captain Sergeant Major – rank cadet First Sergeant S - 1 – rank cadet Staff Sergeant through 1st Lieutenant

Cadet Assistants A first year cadet that is an assistant can be promoted one rank to the maximum of cadet Corporal. Second year cadets that are assistants can be promoted to the rank of Sergeant or other ranks within the program. Recruitment Any cadet who recruits two (2) cadets or more in one year can be promoted one rank to the maximum rank of Corporal. After the rank of Corporal, any cadets who recruit two (2) or more cadets in one year will receive one grade point higher for that quarter grade. Each cadet must bring new cadet to SgtMaj to be recorded in record to receive credit. Reappointment A. accepted regardless B. Cadets who departed the program for disciplinary reasons or were withdrawn in lieu of disciplinary action and were for reenrollment will be reappointed cadet privates of previous rank held.

Cadets who departed from the program for other reasons and are accepted for reenrollment may be appointed to a grade one rank lower than previously held if absent for a complete year. C. Periods greater than a school year a cadet will revert back to a cadet private first class.


Uniform Day
• MCJROTC uniform wear is authorized by the SMI on designated days and usually for MCJROTC functions only. • You are authorized to wear your uniform to and from school on the designated uniform days (typically a Thursday or Friday, depending on when you will have class that week). • On designated uniform days, the uniform will be worn throughout the school day from 7:40 AM until 2:15 PM. • Cadet who are members of a team with a designated formal uniform (i.e., sports team, cheerleader) may wear that designated uniform, in lieu of the MCJROTC uniform, for the duration of the season only (grooming standards will continue to apply). • Upon the request of the cadet, only the SMI can give a cadet permission to change out of the uniform, during the school day, due to special circumstances (i.e., working with clay, welding, automotive class, formal pictures) or if another dress code has been designated by a responsible adult leader of an organization to which the cadet belongs. • Upon the request of the cadet, the SMI can give a cadet permission to wear a uniform on special occasions (such as a wedding). • Camouflage uniforms and cotton T-shirts will be washed in warm or cold water only (NEVER in hot water , which will fade the colors). • Khaki shirts, poly-wool green trousers, wool sweaters and dress coats must be dry-cleaned. DO NOT WASH THESE ITEMS. • Unserviceable uniforms can be exchanged for serviceable uniforms. • Notify your platoon commander and request an appointment to exchange the item after school (usually fifth period). • Cadets are responsible for their uniforms. • Replacement of lost, stolen or damaged uniforms is the financial responsibility of the cadet. Keep your uniforms in a safe place. DO NOT LEAVE UNIFORMS IN LOCKERS, CARS, CLASSROOMS TREAT YOUR UNIFORM WITH RESPECT! KEEP IT CLEAN AND ON A HANGER.

When you are in Uniform
• You represent yourself, the Corps of Cadets, your school, the community, and the US Marine Corps when you are in uniform. • Your appearance must be impeccable, and your conduct will be beyond reproach, in order to present a favorable image to the public. While in uniform: • Wear a complete uniform, with appropriate insignia / ribbons and badges, appropriately buttoned up. • Do not inappropriately mix uniform items. • Civilian items will not be worn with uniforms unless authorized by the Senior Marine Instructor due to extenuating circumstances. • Do not display personal affection in public (“PDA”) (i.e., hold hands, snuggle, walk with your arm around another, kiss, sit in another’s lap, receive or give massages, etc.) • Do not obviously chew gum. • Do not smoke, dip, or chew tobacco. • Do not walk or stand around with your hands in your pockets. • Wear your cover outdoors at all times and remove it indoors. • Salute all officers. • Greet all cadets and treat everyone with respect. Do not use foul language, tease others, or wrestle/play in uniform

Male Grooming Standards in Uniform
• Trimmed on the sides and back so that the hair is evenly graduated from zero at the hairline to no longer than 1/2 inch on the sides. • The hair should be tapered, not blocked, on the back of the neck. • Sideburns will not go below the top of the ear opening (place your index finger in your ear, your sideburns cannot go below the top of your finger). Another quick reference point is to trim the sideburns even with the corner of the eyes. • The hair on the top of the head will not exceed 3 inches.

• It will be washed and neatly combed. • Hair may be evenly dyed (no streaks or highlights), but will be a natural color which matches your skin tone (the SMI will be the final judge of what is or is not a "natural color" and matching to skin tone). Eccentric or faddish hairstyles will not be allowed (the SMI will be the final judge of what is or is not acceptable).

Women Cadet Grooming Standards
• Women cadets will wear their hair in such a manner so that it does not fall below the bottom edge of the shirt collar. • The manner in which the hair is worn must not interfere with the appropriate wearing of the cover. • Hairpins, barrettes, rubber bands, etc. used to control or style the hair will be hidden from view. • Except for black or dark blue "scrunchies", no other items are allowed to be visible in the hair. • Hair may be dyed, but will be a natural color which matches your skin tone (the SMI will be the final judge of what is or is not a "natural color" and matching to skin tone). Eccentric or faddish hairstyles will not be allowed (the SMI will be the final judge of what is or is not acceptable).

• No earrings are allowed for men in uniform. • Women are authorized to wear either plain yellow gold or silver stud earrings, no greater than ¼” in diameter, a maximum of one in each ear (only in the ear lobe), while in any uniform EXCEPT FOR THE UTILITY UNIFORM (no earrings may be worn with the Utility uniform). • A religious insignia, or military style “dog tags”, may be worn on an unobtrusive chain around the neck, but must be hidden under the T-shirt. No other jewelry will be visible above or around the neck. • Watches are the only authorized jewelry allowed on the wrist. A maximum of one ring on each hand is allowed.


• Fingernails (on both males and females) may not extend more than ¼” past the tip of the fingers. • Only females may wear fingernail polish while in uniform. That polish will be non-eccentric in color (i.e., clear, red, pink, tan). The SMI will be the final judge of whether or not a color is non-eccentric. Multiple colors, and decorative ornamentation are prohibited. • Cosmetics work by females will be applied conservatively, and will complement the individual’s complexion tone; exaggerated or faddish cosmetic styles are prohibited. The SMI will be the final judge of whether or not a cosmetic, and the manner in which it is worn, is acceptable. • If any male facial hair is dark brown or black, that male will shave before wearing uniforms - "peach fuzz" will not be required to be shaved - the SMI will be the final judge of whether or not a male will be required to shave while in uniform. • Mustaches are the only facial hair authorized for men. Mustaches must be neatly trimmed so that the hair does not fall below the top edge of the upper lip and does not extend past the corners of the mouth.

Uniform Probation:
Marine Corps Uniforms are provided by the U.S. Marine Corps to you free under the condition that you comply with uniform regulations and conduct yourself properly while in uniform. The SMI will place cadets on uniform probation for violations of uniform regulations or improper conduct in uniform. Uniform probation will affect your inspection grade, participation in unit activities and promotions. Wearing a MCRJOTC uniform is a PRIVILEDGE ….. protect it !!!!


Uniform Types 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Blue Dress “Bravo” – Blue trousers or skirt with blue coat, ribbons only. Blue Dress “Charlie” – Blue trousers or skirt with khaki long sleeve shirt and tie. Blue Dress “Delta” – Blue trousers or skirt with khaki short sleeve shirt. Service “Alpha” – Green trousers or skirt with green coat and long sleeve shirt. Service “Bravo” – Green trousers or skirt with khaki long sleeve shirt and tie. Service “Charlie” – Green trousers or skirt with khaki short sleeve shirt. Utility Uniform – Camouflage blouse and trousers.

Belt Lengths 1. Web belt – between 2 and 4 inches past the buckle. 2. Cloth Belt – between 2 ¾ and 3 ¾ inches past the buckle. Military Alignment Shirt edge, belt buckle and fly of trousers are all in a straight vertical line.


Tie Clasp To be centered between the third (3rd) and fourth (4th) button on the long sleeve shirt. Trouser Length Bottom of the trousers is even with the welt where the heel and sole of the shoe join. Skirt Length Length should be approximately to the knee, not to exceed one (1) inch above or below the center of the knee. Cover Never to be worn indoors. School policy prohibits the wearing of any type of hat in the school. ROTC will abide by this policy.

Marine Corps Emblem On the cover, the wings of the emblem are placed parallel to the deck (floor) and the anchor is pointed forward. On the service alpha and blues, the left and right collar emblems are worn parallel to the deck with anchors pointed inboard. Enlisted Insignia of Grade – worn ½ inch from the collar edge and centered on the collar. Officer Insignia of Grade – worn 1 inch from the collar edge on the centerline of the collar.


Rank Insignia, Medals, Ribbons and Badges
Rank insignia, medals, ribbons and badges are an integral part of the MCJROTC cadet’s uniform. Therefore, these items must be worn with great care. A. Rank Insignia – only the rank insignia designated for Cadets by the MCJROTC program will be worn as shown in the illustrations show below. 1. The cadet officer will wear their rank insignia centered on the shoulder strap of their blue coat and all weather coats. On khaki and utility shirts, the small rank insignia will be worn centered between the top and bottom edges of the collar, one inch from the front edge. 2. Enlisted rank insignia will be worn on the khaki shirts, raincoats and utility shirt collars with the point of the chevron up, bisecting the angle of the collar, bottom edge ½ inch from the collar edge. B. Medals – Authorized medals will be worn on the blue coat when prescribed in the training schedule. They will be worn over the left breast pocket, midway between the first and second buttons. When wearing medals, ribbons for which there are no medals will be worn 1/8” above and centered over the right breast pocket. (marksmanship badges will not be worn when medals are worn. Nametags will be worn 1/8” above the ribbon bar when ribbons are on the right side.) C. Ribbons – When worn, ribbons will be worn 1/8” above and centered over the left breast pocket of the khaki shirt or blue coat. When worn with the marksmanship badge, ribbons will be 1/8” above the badge.


D. Badges – Cadets authorized the following badges will wear them 1/8” above and centered over the left breast pocket of the khaki shirt and blue coat: 1. Academic Wreath – The Academic Wreath is the senior badge authorized for wear. When worn, it will be placed 1/8” above and centered over ribbons or any other badges worn. Stars, denoting subsequent awards will be worn in the center and to the sides of the wreath, single ray up, first award in the center, second award to the right and third award to the left. Cadets appearing on the Presidents or Deans list are required to wear the Academic Wreath and stars when wearing the Blue Dress “B”, Blue Dress “D” and Green “C” uniforms. Academic wreaths will not we worn if a cadet is not currently on the honor role. 2. Marksmanship Badge – Cadets are authorized to wear one marksmanship badge representing the classification earned during their most recent range qualification. The marksmanship badge will be worn 1/8” above and centered on the left breast pocket. Marksmanship badges will not be worn with medals on the blues coat.

Wearing of Ribbons and Awards
A. Ribbons and badges authorized are procured through the MCJROTC program. They will not normally be worn during the school day. Ribbons and badges will be worn for prescribed events and are authorized on leave and liberty. B. Precedence – Ribbons will be worn in the precedence listed below with the senior ribbon on top and to the wearer’s right: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Legion of Valor Bronze Cross for Achievement American Legion Bronze Medal for Scholastic Achievement American Legion Bronze Medal for Military Excellence Daughters of the American Revolution JROTC Bronze Medal Military Order of World Wars Bronze Medal The Retired Officers Association JROTC Award Presidents Award / Outstanding Cadet Women Marines Association Award Commandant of Cadets Award / Officer Leadership Award NCO Leadership Award


11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. * -

Civic Service Award ** Best Drill Cadet Award * Distinguished Scholastic Achievement Award / Deans List ** Distinguished Military Training Award / SMI Award Arts and Academic Award ** Physical Achievement Award * Superior Marksman Award * Athletic Participation ** Longevity / Fidelity Award Best Dill Squad Award * Color Guard Award * Drill Team Award with appropriate device Band / Drum & Bugle Corps Award with appropriate device * Rifle Team Award with appropriate device * National Sojourners Award Reserve Officers Association Award American Defense Preparedness Award Veterans of Foreign Wars Award Military Order of Purple Heart JROTC Award Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the US Marine Corps Emblem Devices: Bronze -1st award Silver - 2nd award Gold - 3rd award Lamp of Learning Devices: Bronze – 1st award Silver – 2nd award Gold – 3rd award



C. Other Awards – all other awards will be worn after the listed JROTC awards in order of precedence. These awards must be approved by the Marine Corps JROTC Program Office prior to being worn. D. Distinguishing Patches – The Marine Corps JROTC Shoulder Patch will be worn on the left sleeve of the blues coat, green coat, khaki shirt and camouflage utility jacket.


Drill is an integral part of the Marine Corps Junior ROTC program. Drill teaches good discipline, enhances concentration and builds esprit de corps in a unit. In addition to being a part of the MCJORTC cadet curriculum, a drill team and drill competition is a very worthwhile cadet activity. Drill competition may be conducted from the local to the competitive national level. Not all cadets will qualify to be a member of the Marine Corps JROTC drill team. Membership on the drill team requires a great deal of dedication and practice. 1. All members of the MCJROTC Drill Team will conduct themselves in a manner as to not bring any discredit upon themselves or the drill team. All members are solely responsible for their uniform and the maintenance of their uniform. Failure to do so will result in reduction of rank, disqualification from the coming trip / competitions and finally suspension from the team. Alcohol, drugs and tobacco are strictly prohibited! Team members must maintain the same academic standards as any other varsity sport to maintain their eligibility to compete. Treat all weapons with respect and proper weapons handing techniques. Profanity will not be tolerated. Remember that you are what you are perceived to be and first impressions are lasting impressions. Unsportsmanlike conduct will not be tolerated. Treat all faculty, staff and coaches with respect.


3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

10. Any infractions of this code may result in suspension or expulsion from the team.

Marksmanship is an exciting and rewarding sport, yet it demands the ultimate indiscipline and concentration. A cadet does not have to be big or strong or fast to be an outstanding marksman. Some Marine Corps JROTC units are not able to have marksmanship as a part of their curriculum. However, those units which are able to conduct marksmanship training have a great opportunity to learn a sport which they can enjoy the rest of their lives. Cadets must always realize that while firing an air rifle is a challenging and fun activity, it is never a game and must always be taken seriously. Safety must always be first and foremost in Marine Corps JROTC marksmanship. This applies to marksmanship in the classroom curriculum, as well as on a competitive marksmanship team.

Marksmanship Weapons Procedures
1. Issue Procedures

a. Cadets to be issued weapons will form a single line outside the Arms Room. Order in this line will be maintained by the class commander. b. Once in the hands of the cadets, the class commander will assist the MI in seeing that all weapons are controlled at all times. c. period. If weapons are used, the class commander will assist the MI in returning weapons to the Arms Room and conducting a count at the end of each class




Care and Cleaning a. Weapons will be turned in to the Arms Room in a clean condition. b. c. d. e. Care of weapons is an all hands job. Cleaning of weapons will be done under the supervision of the Instructor Staff. Marksmanship weapons will be cleaned by the rifle team. On a weekly basis, the SMI will sight all weapons for cleanliness.

JROTC cadets who participate in rifle marksmanship instruction are eligible to earn qualification badges. The badges designate three qualification levels: Marksman, Sharpshooter and Expert. The expert badge is the highest ranking and most difficult to earn. The badges signify that the cadets who earn them have demonstrated the knowledge and skill to handle rifles safely and have mastered basic rifle marksmanship skills to achieve required scores in qualification firing tests. JROTC cadets are authorized to wear marksmanship qualification badges on their uniforms. Qualification Course Standards – The following standards apply to the conduct of unit qualification firing: 1. 2. Rifles – all qualifications will be with the Sporter Air Rifle. Distance – air rifle qualification firing must be done at a distance of ten (10) meters, or 33 feet.


3. 4.

Targets – air rifle qualification firing will be done on the AR 5/10.

Clothing and Equipment – during qualification firing, a sling may be used in the prone and kneeling positions, a glove may be worn on the support hand in any position and a kneeling roll may be used in the kneeling position. Shooting jackets may not be worn when qualifying with the air rifle. Integration with JROTC Marksmanship curriculum, cadets must receive marksmanship instruction before they do qualification firing. These marksmanship qualification standards and procedures are designed for qualification firing to be done in conjunction with the teaching in the Marine Corps JROTC Leadership Education curriculum. Qualification firing may be done in stages: 1. Instruction in gun safety, the operation of the rifle, the standing position, the technique of firing a shot, sight adjustments and scoring must be completed before qualification firing is done in ay firing position. After this lesson is completed, qualification firing in the standing position may be done. 2. After position firing lessons are completed qualification firing in the modified seated position.

Qualification Scores
To receive a qualification badge, cadets must attain the following scores in qualification firing that is supervised by a unit instructor Qualification Badge Marksman Sharpshooter Expert Firing Position mod. Supported seated mod. Supported seated mod. Supported seated Air Rifle AR-5/10 Target 70-79 80-89 90- 100


Physical Training
A physical fitness test will be administered twice annually and is one of the requirements for promotion in rank. While it is the cadets’ primary responsibility to be able to pass the Youth Physical Fitness Test (YPFT), every effort will be made to properly prepare cadets to obtain a maximum passing score before the official test is conducted. Classifications – the following classifications of total scores will be utilized to establish standards for the first class, second class, and third class participants. 1st Class 2nd Class 3rd Class Failing 350 – 500 points 250 – 349 points 150 – 249 points below 150 points

Events for the Youth Physical Fitness Test: a. b. c. d. e. sit-ups push-ups pull-ups (male) or flexed arm hang (female) broad jump shuttle run 300 yard

All cadets scoring more than 250 points will be awarded the Physical Fitness Achievement Ribbon, as well as the National Youth Physical Fitness Program Certificate.


Core Values
There are three core values that guide all that we do in the MCJROTC program at Mexico Academy and Central School. These three core values are honor, courage and commitment.

Having a sense of honor means that I feel that I am strictly accountable for maintaining only the very highest standards of personal behavior, under all circumstances and at all times. 2. 3. Honor is the bedrock of our character, the foundation for our decisions, and the framework for our actions. 1.

Honor is specifically that quality that guides us to exhibit the ultimate in ethical and moral behavior; to abide by an uncompromising code of ethics; that is never to lie, cheat or steal; and to have respect and concern for the dignity of others. Honor is also the qualities of personal maturity, dedication, trustworthiness and dependability that commit us to act responsibly; to fulfill obligations and to hold others accountable for their actions. 5. It is an honorable duty (privilege) to serve the greater needs of my family, my school, my community and my country. 4.

Courage is the value that gives me the moral and mental strength to do what is right with confidence and resolution, even in the face of temptation and adversity.


2. challenges. 3.

The heart of our core values, courage is the mental, moral and physical strength to carry us through demanding It is the mastery of fear, to adhere to a higher standard of personal conduct; to lead by example and to make tough decisions under stress and pressure. It is the inner strength that enables us to take that extra step.


1. Commitment is the spirit of determination and dedication to excellence that leads us to professionalism and superior performance in all endeavors. It is our responsibility to join together as a team to improve the quality of what we do at school, to improve the quality of lives at home and to be better citizens within our

2. our community. 3.

It leads to the highest order of discipline for our organization and is prevalent in our interactions with each other. It is the ingredient that protects our integrity, our pride, our concern for others and fosters an unrelenting determination to achieve excellence in every endeavor. 4. It is the value that establishes us as an example for others to emulate.

Leadership Objectives: Primary: Secondary: Accomplish the mission (job) Welfare of your Cadet


Definition: Leadership is the art of influencing and directing individuals towards a common purpose by obtaining their obedience, respect, confidence and loyal cooperation.

Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership • • • • • Leadership Traits Leadership Principles Espirit de Corps History and Traditions Customs and courtesies

Leadership Principals- are guides to the proper and effective exercise
of command. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Know yourself and seek self improvement. Know your people and look out for their welfare. Keep your people informed. Be technically and tactically proficient. Employ your people in accordance with their capabilities. Develop a sense of responsibility among subordinates. Set the example. Train your people as a team. Insure that the task is understood, supervised and accomplished. Make sound and timely decisions.



Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.

Leadership Traits


These traits are those qualities of a leader personally, which are the greatest effect in obtaining obedience, confidence, respect and loyal cooperation.

Leadership Trait Definitions
1. 2. 3. Judgment –To make sound decisions Justice – Being impartial and fair. Dependability – The expectation that you will always complete a task and do your best. Initiative – Seeing what needs to be done and getting it done without being told to. Action in the absence of specific guidance directive. Decisiveness – To make sound and timely decisions Tact – the ability to deal with others without causing offense. Integrity – Be honest, tell the truth and always do the right thing even when no one is watching or will ever know. Endurance – To continue even when you are mentally or physically tired. Bearing – Creating a favorable impressing, appearance Unselfishness – Placing the welfare of your subordinates ahead of your own

4. or 5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10.

11. 12. 13. 14.

Courage – Action in presence despite the of fear or concern Knowledge – Know your job. Loyalty – Faithfulness to your organization, your seniors and your subordinates. Enthusiasm – Sincere interest and energy in performing your job or duty

Marine Corps Hymn From the Halls of Montezuma, To the shores of Tripoli. We will fight our country’s battles In the air, on land and sea. First to fight for right and freedom And to keep our honor clean, We are proud to claim the title of UNITED STATES MARINE. Our flags unfurled to every breeze From dawn to setting sun. We have fought in every clime and place Where we could take a gun. In the snow of far off northern lands And in the sunny tropic scenes, You will find us always on the job THE UNITED STATES MARINES. Here’s health to you and to our corps Which we are pound to serve, In many a strife we’ve fought for life And never lost our nerve. If the Army and the Navy

Ever look on Heaven’s scenes, They will find the streets are guarded by UNITED STATES MARINES.

General Orders
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. To take charge of this post and all government property in view. To walk my post in a military manner, keeping always on the alert and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing. To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce. To repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guardhouse than my own, To quit my post only when properly relieved. To receive, obey and pass on the sentry who relieves me, all orders from the Commanding Officer, Officer of the Day, and Officers and Non-Commissioned officers of the guard only. To talk to no one except in the line of duty. To give the alarm in case of fire or disorder. To call the Corporal of the Guard in any case not covered by instruction. To salute all officers and colors and standards not cased. To be especially watchful at night and during the time for challenging, challenge all persons on or near my post, and to allow no one to pass without proper authority.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.


The Marine Corps shall 1. Be organized, trained and equipped to provide Fleet Marine Forces for service in the US Fleet in the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the conduct of such land operations essential to the prosecution of a naval campaign 2. Provide detachments for service on armed vessels of the US Navy and security detachments for the protection of property at Naval stations and bases. 3. In connection with the Army, Navy and Air Force, develop the tactical techniques and equipment employed by landing forces in amphibious operations. 4. Train and equip Marine forces for airborne operations in coordination with the Army, Navy and Air Force.


Marine Corps History
Marine Corps Birthday - 10 November 1775 Birthplace - Tun Tavern, Philadephia, Pa. Marine Corps Motto - Semper Fidelis - Always Faithful Faithful to yourself, your comrades, your Corps, and your country 3 Missions of Marines - Sharpshooters in mast of naval ships; maintain discipline on ships; and conduct landing / board of enemy ships Marine Corps Colors - Scarlet and Gold Marine Corps Emblem - Eagle, Globe and Anchor Eagle – symbol of our country Globe – shows Marines serve around the world Fouled anchor – shows our naval ties First Commandant of the Marine Corps - Captain Samuel Nicholas First Amphibious Landing by Marines 1776 - New Providence Island in the Bahamas to siege supplies Type of sword worn by Marine Officers – Mameluke Sword The “Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps” - General Archibald Henderson 39 years service as Commandant of the Marine Corps Red strip worn on dress blue trousers - “Blood stripe” Most famous Marine, awarded 5 Navy Crosses - “Chesty” Puller Marine Mascot - English bulldog named “Chesty”

Marine Nicknames: “Leathernecks” for collar worn on uniforms years ago “Devil Dogs” for bravery against the Germans in World War I “Soldiers of the Sea” Presely O’Bannon – Received the mameluke sword for bravery Archibald Sommers – First Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Quatrefoil – figure 8 emblem worn on the tops of covers to distinguish Marines from the enemy for the sharpshooters in the rigging of ships; currently only worn by Marine Officers. 1783 – Marines fought as part of the Army; Marines and Navy were disbanded 1798 - USMC reestablished and USMC Band is formed 1805 - Conducted a 600 mile march to Tripoli in search of Prince Hamet; Marines stormed the Barbary pirates stronghold at Derna on the “Shores of Tripoli” 1846 – War with Mexico – Marines fought as part of the Army; conducted an Amphibious Landing at Vera Cruz; participated in the Battle at Chapultapec and occupied the “Halls of Montezuma” in Mexico City General John A Lejeune – was the 13th Commandant, and was perhaps the greatest commandant; emphasized leadership and originated the Marine Corps Birthday celebration. The President’s Own – Title given to the Marine Corps Band


The Commandants Own – Title given to the Marines Corps Drum and Bugle Corps

General Smedley Butler – One of only two Marines who were ever awarded two medal of honor (highest award for bravery). The other individual was Gunnery Sergeant Dan Daly. Peking and Hati awarded 2 medals of honor. Ohpa May Johnson – the first woman Marine who enlisted 13 Aug 1918 Major A.A. Cunningham – first Marine Corps aviator (pilot) Captain Robert Mullen – First Marine Corps Recruiter Storm Flag – flown on military installations during inclement weather. Post Flag – Flown on military installations during normal occasions Garrison Flag – Flown on military installations on Sundays and holidays Also known as the Holiday flag Francis Scott Key – wrote words to our national anthem in 1814 during the battle of Fort McHenry, Baltimore Maryland Famous Battles – Mexican War World War I World War II Tarawa Korean War Vietnam (1950 – 1953) (1965 – 1972)

(1848) (1914 – 1918) (1941 – 1945)

Veracruz and Mexico City (Montezuma and Chapultepec) Belleau Wood in France Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Saipan, Chosin Reservoir Hue City, Khe Sahn

Grenada Kuwait Iraq

(1983) (1991) (2003)

Drill Terms
Types of commands: Preparatory Command – Indicates which movement is about to be executed. Command of Execution – Causes the desired movement to be executed. Combined Command – No preparatory required, example: at ease, fall out, rest

Alignment Cadence Column Cover Distance Flank Oblique Guide

straight lines on which several elements are formed The uniform step and rhythm in marching Members or units, are organized in file (or files) To align oneself behind the person to their immediate front The space between elements in depth, measured from back to chest. Normal distance is 40 inches. a 90 degree pivot to the right or left while marching a 45 degree pivot to the right or left while marching An individual upon who a formation regulates its cadence and direction of march.

Interval inches. Close between shoulders. Line Dress Pace To the rear Length

Space laterally between elements of the same line. Normal interval is one arms length measured from shoulder to shoulder, approximately 30 interval is approximately 4 inches A formation in which the elements are side by side Alignment to the right or left as directed A step of 30 inches, the length of a full step in marching at quick time. a 180 degree pivot to the rear while marching Quick time – 30 inches measured from heel to toe Half step – 15 inches measured from heel to toe Back step – 15 inches measured from heel to toe Right / Left step – 12 inches measured from inside heel to inside heel A line of individuals placed side by side Open ranks 70 inches between cadets in ranks, measured back to chest Platoons at close intervals, in columns, to form six or more files in company or larger formations A single column of individuals placed one behind the other Quick time – 120 steps per minute (normal marching cadence) Double time – 180 steps per minute Slow time – 60 steps per minute


Mass Formation File Time


Purpose of drill
1. To move a unit from one place to another in an orderly manner 2. To teach discipline through precision and automatic response to orders 3. Provides cadets an opportunity to handle weapons 4. Increase leader’s confidence through the exercise of command by giving proper commands and drilling cadets. 5. Provide simple formations from which further organization is made.

There are four types of rests 1. Parade rest – Modified position of attention. Differs from attention only in that the heels are 12 inches apart, the hands are placed on the small of the back with the right hand on top of the left hand, and the fingers are straight with the thumbs interlocked. 2. At Ease – Right foot remains in place – you may move other parts of your body – NO talking allowed. 3. Rest – Right foot remains in place – you may move other parts of your body. Talking is allowed.


4. Fall Out – When ordered to do so, break ranks and go to the area designated by the leader.

Halted Individual Movements
Fall in Attention Align to Right At Ease Dismissed Right and Left Face About Face Rest Fall out Hand Salute Parade Rest Back Step Side Step

Marching Individual Movements
Forward March Half Step Mark Time Halt Change Step To the Rear Flanks Obliques

Unit Drill
Open Ranks Column Right/Left Column of Files Close in Column Column Half Right/Left Column of Twos Extend in Column Pass in Review

Platoon Drill
Change Step Right Flank Column Left x2 Column Half left x2 Pass in Review Fall Out


March to the Rear Manual of Arms

Dismiss the Platoon

M-14 Movements
Order Arms Port Arms Rifle Salutes Trail Arms Right/Left Shoulder Arms Inspection Arms Parade Rest Present Arms

Drill Commands on the Move
Command Left Flank Right Flank Left Oblique Forward March from Oblique Column Left Column Right Half Step Forward March from Half Step Close March Extended March To the Rear Left By The Right Left By the Left Forward Column Right (Pause) Close (Pause) Rear Left Flank Right Oblique (Pause) Left (Pause) March (Pause) March (Pause) March March Right (Pause) Flank (Pause) March (Pause) March Left March (Pause) March Right



Column Forward

Extend To the

How and Where to Position Yourself While Commanding
1. Always command while you are at the position of attention



It is not necessary for the commander to also execute stationary drill movements when there are a series of stationary movements. However, if giving a unit a facing movement in preparation to giving the command “Forward, March”, the commander would face with the unit as well. Officers – for stationary movements, command from six (6) paces and centered on the formation. Enlisted – Command from three (3) paces and centered on the formation. For column marching movement, command from 2/3 of the way back so that 1/3 of the platoon is behind you (and closest to you), can hear you, yet 2/3 of the platoon in front of you can hear you because your voice is being projected forward. For flanking movements, command from either flank. The general rule of thumb is to command from the location you can best exercise commands from There are three (3) types of commands: A. Preparatory Command - IE “Righttttt …..” This command tells them what they are about to do. Your voice rises just a little bit, then pauses. Command of execution - IE “Face” Supplementary Command - Command that is given after the command of troops to small units normally done during and reviews.



5. 6. 7.

B. C. parades


Military Customs and Courtesies
Wearing Covers
• • • • • • • • • • • • • wear covers outdoors at all times while in uniform remove cover indoors except when under arms

Rules of Saluting
Salute when covered and in uniform Salute indoors only when under arms When approaching an officer salute 6 to 30 paces away Salute all officers and colors and standards not cased.

Saluting Officers
Salute and look squarely at the officer Give an appropriate verbal greeting Hold your salute until it is returned or acknowledged Render the salute only once if an officer stays in the area Salute again if a personal conversation takes place Salute again when the officer departs Passing an officer – salute when passing an officer going in the same direction as you are going by – Coming abreast (even) with the officer, salute and saying, “By your leave sir (or madam). The officer will return the salute and say “Carry on” or “Granted”. Terminate your salute and pass ahead.

Saluting in a group

• •

Group is not in formation. The first person to notice the officer calls the group to attention and salutes for the entire group (or entire group may salute individually) Group is in formation – the senior person in the group calls the formation to attention and salutes for the entire group.

Reporting to seniors
• • • • • • • Approach the officer at attention (march) Halt two paces from the officer Salute if outdoors, or indoors under arms and covered Say, “Sir, Cadet ____, reporting as ordered, Sir (or madam)” Hold salute until acknowledged Remain at attention until given At Ease When Dismissed: a. Come to attention b. Salute if outdoors or indoors under arms and covered c. Say “Aye, Aye, Sir (or madam)” d. Wait for return salute or acknowledgement e. Take one step back and execute about face f. Depart at attention

Rendering Honors to colors and to the Marine Corp Hymn
Marines Hymn – Stand at attention, whether in or out of uniform

National Ensigns, Colors, Standards and Guidons
Color - A national flag or a flag distinguishing a unit or organization, carried by dismounted elements.


Standard – a Flag carried by Fleet Marine Force units and major non FMF commands Guidon – a small rectangular flag carried by the company size units. Hoist – to raise. Also refers to the height of a flag Fly – Refers to the length of a flag

Raising and Lowering the National Ensign
Rules for raising and lowering the flag
Raising – The National Ensign is raised at 0800, and raised quickly Lowering – The National Ensign is lowered at sunset and lowered slowly • Remove and fold properly • Half Mast symbolize the nation is in mourning • 0800 (Half Mast) – raise quickly to the top then slowly lower to half mast • Sunset (Half Mast) – Raise to the top of the flagpole quickly and then lower the ensign slowly. Remove and fold properly

Displaying and Carrying Colors
Flag Rules A. B. The National Color is always displayed to the right and/or above other flags For special situations the following rules apply: 1. On a stage – Placed on the stage to the speaker’s right 2. Audience area – Placed to the right front of the audience 3. With other flags – to the right when arranged in line 4. Color Guard – Carried to the right of other flags 5. In Column – National color will be carried in front of other flags 6. Dipping the flag – National color is never dipped. Other flags are dipped forward during national anthem. 7. Casing the Colors – colors should be cased when not in use


Rules for Hanging of flag: * The flag should be hung in a prominent position * Blue field is to the left with stripes running to the right when hung in a horizontal position * Blue field is in upper left corner when hung vertically * Blue field is up and facing either north or east when hung vertically over streets. Folding of Flag – fold into triangle with only the Blue field visible.


Glossary of Terms
All Hands As You Were Aye aye, Sir Barracks Blouse Bulkhead Bunk or Rack Carry on Chit CMC CO Colors Cover Deck All members of a command Resume former activity Official acknowledgement of an order A building where Marines live Coat Wall Bed The order to resume previous activity A receipt or authorization; piece of paper Commandant of the Marine Corps Commanding Officer The national flag Hat Floor

Drill Field Days Gangway Gear Locker Gee Dunk Gung Ho Hatch Head NCO NCOIC Overhead Passageway PFT Pogeybait Port Reveille Secure Sick Bay Square away Starboard

March Clean up the area Move out of the way Storage room for cleaning purposes Candy, sweets, etc Working together in the spirit Door Bathroom Noncommissioned Officer Noncommissioned Officer in Charge Ceiling Corridor or hallway Physical Fitness Test Candy or sweets Left Time to get up Stop work, put away, lock up Hospital or Dispensary Straighten up Right


Swab WM

Mop Woman Marine

Chain of Command
President Vice-President Secretary of State Secretary of Defense Secretary of the Navy Commandant of the Marine Corps Assistant Commandant Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Commanding General, MCCDC Commanding General, TECOM National Director, MCJROTC Regional Director President, Mexico Central School District Board of Education Superintendent, Mexico School Principal, Mexico High School Senior Marine Instructor Marine Instructor CadetCompany Commander Cadet Executive Officer Cadet FirstSergeant Cadet S-1 (Personnel) Adjutant Cadet Drill Team Commander Cadet Rife Team Commander Cadet Youth Physical Fitness Team The Honorable Mr. Obama The Honorable Mr. Biden The Honorable Mrs. Clinton The Honorable Mr. Gates The Honorable Mr. Mabus General Amos General Sergeant Major Kent LtGen Flynn, Combat Dev and Inter Major Fox Dr. McHenry Mr. Schafer (GS-13) Major USMC Ret Mr. Patrick Mr. Pritchard Mr. Root LtCol Freda Sergeant Major Combes Cadet Major Joe Locci Cadet Captain Zimmer Cadet 1st Sergeant Jessica Locci Cadet Captain Ladd



Chain of Command
• • Cadets must know the chain of command from their squad leader to the President of the United States. Cadets must be familiar with the chain of command listed above





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