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2001-01-ΙΑΝ-ΛΟΖΑ (ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΟ ΕΝΗΜΕΡΩΤΙΚΟ ΔΕΛΤΙΟ) -ΤΧ#03 -loza3

2001-01-ΙΑΝ-ΛΟΖΑ (ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΟ ΕΝΗΜΕΡΩΤΙΚΟ ΔΕΛΤΙΟ) -ΤΧ#03 -loza3

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2001-01-ΙΑΝ-ΛΟΖΑ (ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΟ ΕΝΗΜΕΡΩΤΙΚΟ ΔΕΛΤΙΟ) -ΤΧ#03
2001-01-ΙΑΝ-ΛΟΖΑ (ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΟ ΕΝΗΜΕΡΩΤΙΚΟ ΔΕΛΤΙΟ) -ΤΧ#03

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MkK€AONIKO €NHM€PWTIKO A€A TIO

TEYXOr 3,IANOYAPIOr 2001

~------------------------~eE~~AAONIKH

50 XPovla JiEt'U t'ov EJi(J)tiAlO •••

TO EAAHNIKO KPATOI TOYI Cl»OBATAI AKOMA

Mtxpt TO '81 oi K'1)lltpvijCJ£l~ Tt}~ Ot;Ul~ t1tlTPE1U)1)V (ft Aiyol)~ 110VO 1tp6Gq)l)yt~ vn YllpiGol)v.

To '82 TO IIA1:.0K lit TO VOIlO I:.KOl)AapiKll aq)tlVtt OAOl)~ TOl)~ 1tPOGCj)l)yt~ vu Yl)piGOl)V tKT6~ a1tO TO "1111 'EAAllVt~ TO yf.vo~" 0l1Aaoij TOl)~ t9VIKU MaKt06vt~.

XIAtUOt~ 1tp6GCj)l)yt~ Kat Ta natOlU TOl)~ (f'tll All1l0KpaTia MaKtOovia~ ero XroptO NiKO~ MntAoytuvvl1~, 1ttPllliVOl)V aKOlla vu YllPiGOl)V eru G1tina TOl)~.

Ma~i 11' al)TOll~ iXOl)V XUGtt TllV tMllvlKij t9ayivta 1tolloi OtKOVOlllKOi IltTaVU(f'tt~ es HIlA, Al)GTpaAia, Kavaou, t1ttt01] iXOl)V EOvtKU llaKEOOVtKJ'j KaTayroyJ'j Kat TOAllllGav va TO 011Ml>GOl)V aVOtXTU.

Iloamcoi npouqJV,,/&1; U11JV TauK8vi5'1,1950.

NA rYPlEOYN nun OAOI 01 llOAITIKOI llPOl:<})YrEl:

NA AnOZHMIQ00YN OAOI 01 IIOAITIKOI npODI)YrEI:. rIA TII:.llEPIOYI:.IEI:. TOYI:. nov TOYI:. EIXAN APllASEI 01 XITEI:. KAI 01 TEATZHAEI:. I:.YNEPrATEI:. rnc XQPO<I>YAAKHI:. KAI TOY I:.TPATOY.

01 EPrATEI:. AIIAITOYN EIPHNH KAI EIPHNH I:.TA BAAKANIA SEKINA Arro TO I:.EBAI:.MO TQN AIKAIQMATQN OAQN TQN MEIONOTHTQN.

KOKKINA BAAKANIA I:.OI:.IAAII:.TIKA XQPII:. nOAEMOYI:. XQPII:. A<I>ENTIKA

Aeiooa TIll; e'PlIllepioar; "LlreBvlt1Tljr; Ep'lu:TIlr;"

(\03A-MA.K6AONIKO A6" TIO / 1

TIEPIEXOMENA

• BU(JIKt~ l(JTOP1Kt~ OlU(j)Opt~ JlETU~tJ

BOllAyapo>V KUl MUKEMvo>v --------

• H (JUVtVTEll~t} TOll KOJllTUT~1] --------

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• 0 D. PO(JK01l0llAo~ (JTO TV SEVEN -----

• 0 M1lEAoyulvvt}~ ~El JlE TOll~ MUKE()6vE~ --- 10

• I:.XOAlU 12

• "01 'IIEtlT1KE~ (j)UVTUXTEpt~ IOtE~ JlU~ ••• " 14

• I(JTOpiU TOll "PaVTOpOU" - XUP01lotJ 16

• H (JUYVWJlt} TOll Da1lu 18

• H llEp(Jt1l0At} KUlO M. AAt~uvopo~ 19

• rtu TOll~ UPXUiOll~ MUKEMvE~ 19

• EK(JUYXpOV1(JJlO~ 1] U1tOAllTO KtT~; 21

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• POtJAU KOllKOtJAOll - ZUXUPUIOOll 23

• 0 KU1tETaV rKOVO~ 24

• Dpt(J1lE~ 2000 27

• Trrtvu Aoi~ou - Zopu na(JKuAl 28

• T01lO>vtJJlIU (KoJluvo~-DuAul IItllu) 29

• 'EPAE 30

• KaOE TpUYOtJOt KUt Jliu l(JTOpiu 31

• Bodan Arsovski 32

• Anastasia 32

• MUKEOOV1KO TpUyOtJOl Ml} rpipu 33

• B1PAlO1lUPOll(Jiu(Jl} 33

• MIU (JUVO:VTt}(Jl} ernv M1liTOAU 35

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YllEYElYNOL TOY

MAKEL:.ONIKOY ENHMEPOTIKOY L:.EATJOY "(\03A" NlKOL LAKEMAPIOL

L:.leu9uVlrrat cero LUVTU1<nK~ Emrpomi

2 4 7 7 9 9

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H E:KOOr1X~ opaoa rov "MaKE:OOVlICOV EVIJPE:PWTlKOV L1d-riov" tibpa atu; apxer; 't'lr; viox; XIAIE:'!iar;, eirropurte; wvr; avayvwmE:r; yux 'to 6vola<pepov 1rOV' Ocixvovv yta To. eepma 1rOV tupopobv 't'l MaKE:OOVIK~ Kotvotnia 0XI uovo atnv EAAaOa, illa IWI E:K'!Or; aovopoiv 01rOV V1rOpXovv MaKE:OOVE:r;.

EvxopamE: a' OAOVr; [;(Jar; oyeia xat E:v'tvXla, 1rpOaWmK~ Kat OIKOY[;vE:za.K~ tau a' OAO rov V1rOAOI1rO xoouo elPlivlJ leal etmuepia a' ome; tu; OVaKOAE:r; uipe; ttoo nepvaue.

Fia 'to 1rE:PIOOIKO E:VXopamE: va KE:pOlaOVpE: neptaootepotx; avayvwmE:r; xai oovepyoxe; KaeWr; «oi Ka.AmE:p'l, 1rA0vmo'tE:P'l teat 1rOlOTIKO-rE:PIJ VA,.,.

H pcya.AV'tE:PI1 E:Vm tau 6A1rioa par; eivai ue mv eiaooo tnc vios; XlAIE:'!iar; 01 vromol Moxebove; atnv EMaoa va ipomatobv teat va (Jpovv 'tOV opopo 'tOvr;, tva opopo [;vW'!IKO xai 0'lPIOVPYIKO vta OAOVr; TOVr; MaKE:OOVE:r;.

V1rWr; eO. ouxmauoooxe (JamiaapE: w m;pIOOIKO par; pE: KG.lVOVPYIO PaKE:OOVIKO ThAO 1rOV eivai «(\03w> OIa.(Ja(E:'!al Ao(a xai anuoivei KAJ7pa, Ofl1rtAI. EA1ri(ovpE: va oai; opeaei.

TdE:lwvovmr; KaAOVPE: wvr; <pIAovr; ovayvdxrte; va par; m8A vovv Ta ypa.ppma, tu; epyoaiec, To. OXOAla xai 'tlr; 1rapm'lp~aE:lr; wvr; Kat O-rl ilio VOpI(OVV O'tl eO. (J0'leOVaE: aLI] (Jd'tiwa'l 'tov nepiooixoi: 'E't(JI eO. par; owaovv Xapa xoi KOvpaylO va avvE:xiaovpE: TO aVIOIO'tE:Atr; «ai

a<pIAOKE:potr; epyo uai; llOAV evXapi(ITwq va dlevpvv8E:i Kat IJ mJVTaKTlKlj emrpo1llj.

fi0.94-MkKSAONIKO AS,\.. TIO / 2

Il:TOPIA

BA~liKE~ li~TOPJKE~ AKAqp()PE~ METAIX BOY l\r APON KAK NIAKEAONON

«MAKe/DYeS r'ATi YTpelTe6'Te YA lerellTe BDUlrApDl;»

AIpOPflli Yla TO apf)po aUTO <mmAC(1C 11 nopoxavo: "f)lIl1<laTIKt) Ippaal/ JrOO aKOO(1a (1" uta ylOpnvt) "Ja5t)J.WaI/ oto Mtuivaxo TI/r; Boosvopiac, T'Ir; TOJrIKt)r; opvavcoon; TOU &t;106 KoppaTor; B.MP. O. «EaWTcplKt) MaKt:oOIlIKt/ E71:aVamaT1Kt) OpyallWaI/» 6Jr00 i:roXcva napeopiaxouai.

H avafJ{WaI/ TOO JraAlOO P"PxoplmiKOO (ovonato) B.MPo. atnv Boo)yap{a, par; t;avatp/:pvcI atn pVlifil1 tnv exavooiaan roD Hlivtev TO J 903 K(J.!!1fV JrovI1Pt) aTaml!1fr; Boussapk»; J.l6 Ta yvwaTa OJraK6).00f)a aTO xwpo tnt; Moxeoovlac.

Lluml)xwr; 01 B06).yapOl KQ.l otu; uepe; par; fie no)'6 f)paaor; KW JrOVlIPUl xpoononobv va t;aVaplwaoDII Tlr; Jra).ler; TOUr; OlQ.f)fm:lr; ava(I/TWvTar; paTalQ. ouosiivek; TOVr; a" O).6KAI/Pl'/ !1fv Moxeoovlo; ue aK071:0 va a71:aAOVOOV tnv KaW71:{Cal/ KW!1fV aKJ.afJla TOVr;.

'Eva c5dm:po yt:yovor; Jrov tu: avaatatcaae lirav 1'/ xpotioxatopuo; otaan YVWaTOV Eoeoooioo, 0 071:0{0r; f)t}.f:l va ooiooxoxasettoi Boosyapouoxeod» tau 0 071:0{0r; TpttpEil avp71:af)w:r; ue TO YC1TOVIKO par; Kpatoc. 0 xbpu»; aUTor; Jrpo(JJraO'lac OJrOVAa va eutpavioei TO «OVpaVIO TOt;o» aAAa xat TOVr; VT071:IOVr; Maxeoove; aav BovAyap0I)r;. Avcupepouat ae ooyxexpiuivo yeyovOra JrOO OlaopafWriarTfKav aT1/V etnasa Cf)VIKt) ylOprt) (lT0 BookyaplKO 71:pOt;weio atnv 8eaaa).OV{KI1 ... ! Tlapooaia TOD 'f/Wfilao11 tau illwv!JOV}.f:OTWV.

Enion; va P1/v t;eXVap" xai T1fV JrpOalpaTa VOOlpCpptVI'/ ono TOil Kavaaa ue TOV MJ..aa/;vw/3 opvavtoan « PaTKo» ata X;Koma, 1f onoia obis Aiyo OOTt: JrO},V (Oecopei ainupcava ue rov M}.aa{;lIw{J) 71:Wr; «01 Moxeoove; eivai (Jf().a/3wpl:vol Bov},yapOl». (Kat aTO TtJ.Or; ,I va nobue )'Ia TOOr; Moxeoove; roo Iltpiv 71:0V JrpaypaTllc6. xoxosueiovtat oxo rov Boo)yaplKo t:OVIKl(JPO pt: oxotiseoua OACr; 01 opyavtbosu; TOOr;W'! t{f)ovTal CKrOr; vouoo .. .)

EJrt:lot) pillov ow ou5alCT11Kav osto TIl V Iatopia roor;, KaAO f)a liTaV va TOVr; Vlu:vf)vpiaw OXI pOVO tu; OlQ.lpOpl:r; rwv ovo cBvort)rwv aA).a «at tOY apVIIT1KO pO).o ;oWV tJrWt;av 01 BoOJ..yapol mov Xwpo tnc Maxeoovk»; aTlr; apxtr; TOO 200v aubvo:

AJravrwvrar; oe aote; rlr; aOJ.cor1frer; OJrcvOopi(w Orl usaa ato ol6.fJa TIlr; loiopiac mi; BaAKavlKt/r;, 01 Bov).yapol <m0 tnv IJ.Pxtl rTfr; ep!paVlmT<; roor; TO 678, eiyav mxvra enexumxe; owOl;aclr; arov eopbtepo xwpo TI'/r; Moxeoovku;

01 {J1J.(J1K/;r; t:f)voAOYIKl:r; OI(J.!pOptr; avoueaa moor; Moxeoove; KaI TOOr; BooAyapOOr; unopobv va aovounoilobv ata 71:aPQ.lCaTW anuelo:

1. Ta liuo Ulnu EIlv111totE crTTJV tcropia rouc Ssv etxuv KO\VE~ qlUA€nKE~ OI1O\OtTJ1:€~, YIU tOY AOYO Otl 1] eevOYCW€1:lKE~ 1:0U~ Plt;~ WUV evreAffi~ lil(l(pOp€nKE~. AUto etvm yvooC11:0 KUt uvuyvooP1crl1EvO uno rnv €1!lcr1]l11] BOUAYUPIK~ KU\ li\EevTJ ~1~A\OYp(l(PIU1] ozoiu avUCPEP€\ on 0\ UPXUlo\ MUKe56v€~ 1tpoijmlP~UV ctnv 1!€P\oX~ 1!OAU nprv e I1CPUVlcrTOUV 01 BouAyup0l.

2. Ta 1:€AcUtuiu crupuvtU XP0v\u crTTJV BouAyuplu umip~e I1IU €~tpeI1IO"1:IKit KUt 1!o),UI1€Ait~ €6v\K\crn~ OPYUVIDcrtl us 1:0 OVOI1U «a.yooVIO"1:E~ ym mv e~u1tAo)O"TJ tOU BouAyup1crl106» (ill-LB.) 01!OU rn I1EA1] tOU~ it'tuv 1tOAU~ €K(l'tovtalie~ xtA\alie~. To K(l1:(lO"1:U1:lKO (lU1:11C; tl]C; opyavO)crtl~ (lVUCPEP€1 on ot BouAYupOl Ii€v EXOllV KUI1IU CJXEO"TJ 11€ tOU~ «LAU~ou9> KUt On sivrn u1!€u9€~ U1tOyOVOl rcov OovoTutupoov. To ili\O e1tlO"TJl1utVOUv KUI ~M€PU BouAYUPOl tcrTOPIKOi 01 01tOiOl O"UI11t€PUIVOllV on 1:0 BOUAYUPIKO 'Eevo~ swm TUTUP\K~~ KUtuYID~<;. Tur 1tUpMelYI1U 0 IcrTOPIK~ 1111!puitl1oo~ ypucp€\: «Eue«; eluuors TU1:UPOl, 1] yA<bcrcrUI1U~ 1tpOEPXE1:Ut(l1t01:l]V1:UtUPI~ KUt 0 nOAmcr~<;, rc it911 KUI tU E91l1U MU~ civu\ TU1:UPIKCo>. EniO"TJ~ 1!OUoiyvoocrTOi Ttrtupm tcrTOPIKOi 0"1:0 1tup€A90v uUa KUl ~~pu 1tOAU i;eKu9upu 1:ovi~ouv on 01 BOUAYUPOI KUI 01 Tdtupot sivm tlil~ Au~.

3. To yvoo0"1:0 «t.eutepo BOUAYUPIKO BUmAcIO» crnv oucin Sev 111:UV BouAyuplKo KpU1:0~ crAAU ";tUV TOUPKOBAuXl~ KUPIUPXiu oro yewypucplKa OPIU tl]~ BouAyupl~. 0 I1CYcrAU1:€PO~ up19110~ U1!O tU crTOlXeiU KUI ru vtOKOUI1EvtU tl]~ €1t0~~ €K€iVTJ~ smonuuivouv On to KpUtO~ uu"to ittuv KU1:O) a.no tl]v KUpmpxiu1:(()v ToupKo-BAUxoov. cct.uvucrT€iu AcrEv». 'DAu tU 1tUPU1tUVoo l11top€h€ VU TU Bpeire ornv BouAYup\~ ~1.~A.toypucpiu.

4. H AA~9€\O. eivat on 0\ 1tpuYl1u1:lKoi B06AYupOl eivm Toupuvo-MOYYOA1~~ KU1:nyooYit~ KUt CJX€li6v 1!OtE I1U~IKU liev €¥"utucrTu9TJKUV oro Xffipo 1:TJ~ MUK€liovi~ KU\ CPUO"lKU 1t01:E liev uvul1c1X9TJKUV 11€ 1tOAU1tAl1ge~ 11at;€~ MUKeli6voov. H 1!npul1o~ tOU~ om Mcocedovic frruv 1tpOcrooPl~ Kal ylU I1IKpU XPOVll(U limcrT~I1Utu. Ta onotc uvnuetu ExOllV ncpitcr€t, ~plO"Kovtnl crTTJV Bopsta Boueyapiu.

5. 0 1tpffi·tO~ uvuyvooP\crI1EVO~ BouAYupo~ Xnv Kouunpcr OAOKATJPTJ CJXe56v rrtv ~oo~ tOU rnv 1!EpUcre ornv 1tutpwn1:ou 1tOU ";tUV TJ Aoio. AU1:o~ 1totE ornv litcipKelu tl]~ BucrtA€iu~ tOU Sev nutl]cre TO 1t01i\ 1:0U ornv Eupffi1!TJ KUl myoupu zore ornv l;wit tOU Sev eiX€ UKOUcr€1 YIU rnv MUK€lioviu KUl 1:0U~ MUK€liov€C;.

6. OUt€ Evu U1tO tn 1tpO~OUAYUPIKU ovounrn 1!.X.

Kouunep, 0110UPTUY, Acrnupoux, Toxrou, nuyav, Tcox, TEAc1:~, Koprny, TEp~d;, Kovrcu, Icrl11touA., OK6pO"TJ~, LOvtOK€, Xouvos, K.U. EX!:1 KU~tiU 011010tl]1:U 11€ rc

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MClKeOOvtKa OVOj!ClTCl.

7. Azo T'1V ClPX1l 1:IJ<; ej!cpavtO''1<; TOU BOUA.YClptKOU E9vou<; O'TOU<; olacpopoue; nOA.Ej!OUe; zou Ote~~yClyClv uvri YlCl O'IJj!CliCl eiXav j!1Cl oupc ClMyou Oej!EvIJ nUvro os Eva j!ClKPU uxovrto, KCll enlcrIJ<; 01 BOOA. yapOl j!EXPl xut TOV 140 mravu j!. X. Ola1:IJPOI>O'!lV 'tOY TOUPClVOMOYYOA.1KO rpoxo eY81iO'ero<;. 01 apXTJyoi roue A.eyO'tClV «Xnv» Ka1:1nOU 'to O'UvllV'taj!e orooc A~6.pou<; Kat roue Ouvvouq.

8. 1:e avtigeO'IJ j!e 1:1<; Ta 0xvpwlwnKa rciXl! Tf/, Nessebur (McfYf//4Jpia)

ClVClKpi~ete<; troy O'IJj!epIVroV L_ ~

BouA.yaprov np01tClyavoIO'trov

on 01 «LA.a~OI 1:IJ<; BouA.yapia<; T]'tav ouciocnx« 0A.lyapI9j!01» 01 neptO'O'o'tepoI BOOA.YClpoI IO'tOPIKOi us ClKpi~ClCl ~eXropi1;ouv rou; BOUA.yClPOU<; ano ·wu<; 1:M~ou<;. o BouA.yapo<; to'tOPIKO<; L1:ClVlj!T]pO~ yp6.<pel on 01 Bol>A.yapol cs crxEO'IJ j!e rou; LA.a~OU<; T]T!lV J..ao<; anoA.i'tlO'to<; xm noA.ej!oxapT]<; Kal «oro avacpEpe'tal O'TO ~1~A.io rou «H ioroplu 1:IJ<; BouA.yapl~<; EKKA.TJO'ia<;», ~1~A.io 'to oxoio XPlJO'Ij!on01T]91IKe onv EnlO'lJj!o npo1tayavolO'nKo Evruno 1:'1<; BouA.yaplKT]<; ~apxia<; O''tTJV MaKeOOVIa.

9. Eivai yvroo'to On no/J,oi MaKeOoVE<,; IDIV'teY10'tE<; EnavaO''ta.TE<; noA.u ~EK6.9apa Clu'toClnoKaA.OOO'av roix; Eau'tou<; 'tou<; MaKE06vec;, aV'tlKpOI>OV'tCl<; noA.A.e<; CPOPE<; OIKOVOj!IKE<; OEA.eaO'tIKE<; npO't6.O'el<; Cl1t01:IJV BouA.yapll..-Tj E~apxia., ~A.. «MT]TPE BMxo». E/;&.Mou 0 yvroo'to<; Ka90olJYTJ'tT]<; xm BOE~ooa<; 't'1e; Enav6.O'taO''1<; rou 'HA.1V'teY Maopiq LClp6.<pro~ noA.M<; <pOPE<; ce EK9EO'EI<; ron aVCl<pEpEl on 01 MaKEli6vE<; EivUI ~EXroP1O't0<; J..ao<;. EmO'IJ<; sivm yvroO'ta 'ta olJj!ocrteUj!a'ta rev Boo), yapIKrov E<pTJj!Epilirov 1:IJ<; E1toX1l<; EKeiVIJ<;, 01 ozote; !lVOIX't6. Ka'tljyOpouO'!lV rov Fxoroe N'tEA.'tO'EP xrn &.Mou<; na'tplcll'tE<; MClKe06vE<;. EmO'IJ<; unapxouv Clnopplj'ta O'tOlXEia xm V'tOKOUj!MCl oxo 1:IJv nEpiooo roo 'HA.1V'teY oxou Ol MaKEOc>ve<; ~1J1:01)V crxoA.eia va OlOOGKOVTal T1Jv MaKt:oovlIol yMi>GGa YlaTI lit: oUGKoliallaOaivollv T1Jv BoulyaplKtJ· H j!aKEOoVlK~ yA.roO'O'Cl }..EyE 01 BOOA.yClpOl yA.roO'O'oMyOl eiVCll XOlpta.nKCl BOUA.yapIK<l, OlJJ..aOT] ue A.iyCl A.OytClj!Cl<; MVe on era XroPI6. 1:'1<; BOUA.yapia<; J.l.v.Uve 'ta MaKeooVlK6.!!! <i>uO'tK6. eOro OeY 9a npenEI vn ~eXV6.j!E 'to noA.u O'IJj!ClV'tlKO EPYO zou EKClVClV 01 QUO 0EO'O'aloVlKEi<; Kal MClKe06vE<; IEpClnOO'tOA.OI KCll <pv.oO'O<pOl KUptA.lo<; Kat ME9001O<; 01 onoiot ~ClO'l1;oj!evOt 0't0 EAA.TJVlKO ClA.<p6.~TJ1:0 ~oi]9TjO'av 0"tTJ 01lj!IOUPyiCl 'to O'IJj!ePlVOU KUptA.A.1KOU AA.<pa~~'tou KClI ~ClO'lKa erov EKO'ACl~IO'J.l.O KClI EKXP10'naV10'J.l.0 roiv TIaYClVtO''t<flV BOIlA.ya.pOlV.

10. 'Evn 6.A.1o O'tOlXEio nou OICl<poponOiEi roue BouA. yclpOU<; cero TOU<; O'IJj!eplvou<; MClKE06ve<; KUI O"tTJv EAA.lJVlKT] alli KUI os OA.OKA.llPlJ 1:IJv YEOlypCl<PIKT]

EmKp6.1:E1Cl 1:IJ<; MaKEoovia<; sivm 0 06A.IO<; KCll ~ialo<; Cl<pClVlO'j!O<; rou av90u KClI zpo na.V'tOlv roe ~ClO'lKOO 1O't01> 1:IJ<; MClKEOOV1K~<; OIClVOTJ0'11<;. 01 j!8YaA.U'tEPOl aKtl~IO'1:E<; 1:IJ<; MClKeOOV1KT]<; AVClyeVVIJO'1]<; E~OA09pEU1:IJKaV cero rouq BOUA.yClPOU<; 't00'0 1:IJv nEpiooo 1:IJ<; 'tOUPKOKPCl'tOUJ.l.eY'1<; MClKEoovia<; 0'1:1<; apxe<; 1:0U 200u mdrvn aA.M Kal A.iyo Clpyo'tepCl1:IJV nEpiooo roo j!eO'onoMJ.l.0u (1924 - 1926). Eivm TEA.elro<; unoKpmKo KCll !lVaA.TJ9t<; va 9EOlPOUV mlJ.l.Epa roix; j!ey6.A.ou<; KCl90o''1YTJ'te<; 1:IJ<; EnClva.O'tClO''1<; rou 'HA.1V'teY 'to 1903 rKO'tO'E N'tEA.TO'e<p, Furvvs LaV'ta.VO'KU Kal6.A.I..Ou<; MaKEoovE<; ClKn~IO'1:E<;, onv BOUl..yClPOU<; KCll va rou; 'tIj!ouv ornv nuroi eu9livOV'tClt ytCl1:IJV oolo<povia roix,

Kselvovtac am:o TO obvtouo Iur:OPIKO onueitoua Oa ~Oe),a va tovlaca xai va /C6vw )'Vwur:o on l! 7rpo(JcfYf/ uou bev eivoi va ueuboe: xaveva }.ao. Tlurteixo orl 0),01 01 saoi eivoi loot ukoa a7rO tnv 7ro},DnA£vPl! olacpoproKOTf/,a rov, «ai &v v7rapxel Ka7rOla avdnepn rpv),~ nOD D7repi:xel Kanow.,6.JJ'l"

Avro nov OE},W -ri:Ao, va 6'1t1fYf//laVW eivai on 0 MaKeOOVIKO, KO(J/lO, Kara xoipoiu; oio olapa Tf/, latopiai; TOO XfJr/UI/107rOl~(J'lKG aac ooopelO, 17r7r0" tau i;Ylve ,0 /l'I),OV TIl, i:PIOO, 6.JJec; cpope, Yla TOV, MEN xat 6.N.e, Yla rov, 11E, av6.J.o),o, ,wv Iur:OPIKOKOIVCVVIKWV (JVyKDpIWV nOD V7r~pxav UTf/V neplOm· Eivai KWPO, ttbpo: atu; apxi:, TOD 21 OD aubva va oo(Jd Eva dJ.oe; ato KO/l/lana(J/la. ,0 XPW/la-rI(JI'0, KW TO uoipaaua Tf/, Iur:OPIlC1I, oovelononc -rwv Maxeoovcov.

Eivai KWpOe; va oex(Joo/le O-rl '1 iatopia "le; Moxsooviac eivoi yefial1l /le olaur:pW/la-rw(Jele; oxo 7rOMOO, xolmouoic «at MVl! r:a. onoia oto o/apa vIr; nopeku; -roor; a7ro TOVe; apXaiovr; xpO\lOVe; /li:x.PI Kat ~/lepa aCP'l(J(J.V ato 7rEpa(J/la TOV, ,a fYf//lMla ,OV, atnv Moxeoovia tau ur:ov Maxeaovixo KO(JI'O tnc.

M6 011" eD"'oUa A.oI1rOV 7COMoi .Uve «MaK6oove<; Ylan vtpeneore va Aiye(Jre BovAro-pom 6I'e[<; TOU, anavraue OTt ,,'ani "-alpov<; 06wp1jua/le TOV<; savTov<; /la<; ,,'OJ U,?O BovAro-pov<; «a: )170 1:tppovr; Kat U,?O 'EU'lvs<;. Tatoc )'laTi nurretxuu: on Osv eiXa/l1i sau ill" em)"o,?1j

((ITANEIIDA OXI AAAH NTPOIlll.

Ilavto

A034-MkK6AONIKO A6A. TIO /4

II:TOPIA

II ZTH_HT_TIJI TOT lEOlllTATIJI

E~np. AKPorrOAI~ 8-5-1903

A1tOIl'\)OO1toil1<Jl1 'to'\) MUKEOOVtKOl> Ayrovu U1tO «TA TETPAAIA TOY IAINTEN» TOV 'Ioiva Apa10VP'1

«To tpo»; xv8'JI(f; yWca ato cmOT6.01

TO rpwr; eivat atptauevo. nepnainae ... »

A7rO <eTA rt>ANTALNfATA THE EI1EYEJEPIAD>

n /(J. va eC;'IYfwovlle no»; OI(J.lloprpw8'1/Ce 0 xoouoi; npsne: va yvwpit;ov,us tatoplo:

H svrac;ia ", ro C;e/Ca8a.plalla TWV totoptxdrv ysyOVOTWV xoi SVVOIWV, xpel6.(eTa.1 ra PO},syollsva, T'IV olO.Ae/CT1/Cq rour; eC;i;J..IC;1'/ lie tti; 7rapW.'1).sr; xat onueptvb; avaipopic,

EC;apra.ral =0 T'IV «owrpqllla'l». H (JVVOAI/Cq imotiunon A.X rwv MAO-MAO 7rf/1'6.(SI a7ro T'IV OIa.OO(J1'! T'Ir; aYYAI/Cqr; 7rpo7ray6.voar; 7rOV aVTI7rWcSVe to 0llwVVIlO avuanouaaxo xivnua CJr11v Kivoo:

H /Ca./Cyt eniom; eixova 1'10, TOur; /COlllrarl;ytOEir; otpelsetat atnv WWVI(]. eBvI/cyt Ol(].rpWrl(J'I, OTt &V V7ra.pxovv riJ..},01 Maxeoove; Avw.o1'o. loxiJOVV ae cUAer; xwper; yl(]. 6.JJ.0ur; «tpouoxpatu;» sat «XovJ..ly/Co.vr;» (II. XOVAl1'/Co'v Jp}.avOOr; 7ro.TpIWT'Ir; .. .)

Ouox; aytpepo. 7rOV aJ..J..a.l;ovv 01 (JVv8yt/Cer; sxu pepi/ca. 7rp6.yparo. unaivoov atnv 8taq rovr;, '1 tatoptoypcopia a.7reAEiVOepwveTO.I ono T'IV eOvIKyt (J/CQ1f;//.10T'Ira /CI ososva rpwTf(el r ' o.7ro/Cpvrpo. ('1Tqpw;o. rov paA/Cavl/cov eOvIKl(JpoV. 0 epSVV'lrqr; rov Ma/CeoovlKoV A1'Wvo. Bploxe, ata «TETPALlIA TOY 1I11NTEN» TOV 'Itava Apayoiuo; (empeJ''1pev'I s/Cooa'l vtoxoouevttov rov yo. ES. an;o roy r. Ilexoifia) v7repa.pI8po. ototyeio. yta o.vo.Oewp'lU'] TWV po.vlXo.icITl/cwv eTd50xwv T'Ir; A8ytvo.r; xai 1:'1r; Eorptar;. To 7rpwro1'sver; VAI/CO eivoi neuruxotepo a.7r0 T'IV Kpf(J'Iq pv807r),aaio. optapkvorv Ka8'1l''1TWV /CO,I '1 7:QAP'lPyt 7rpoaiYYI(J1'! 1:OV «EMHNIKOY ANl'IMAKELlONIKOY AI'DNA» TOV Ll. I1JEJOSOOY avayvcopiisuu 7rAeOV 7ro.villaDI/C6. (PA. o.p8po1'parpio. rov lOY atnv EAEYEJEPOTYIlIA, 1:0V r. Mapyapitn aiov « 1l0111TH» xat T'IV «ILiOP IA THE EI1I1AL1AE ITON 200 AlDNA», T'Ir; Eooku; Bobpn ata «lEFOPlKA» x. 6..)

Uno»; (JVppaivel otic peper; tuu; iun teat TOTe p},e7relr; ata ol7rAWllarl/ca. i;yypo.rpo. v ' a7r08ewveTw 'I Olo.ppwrl/cyt Ovvall'l rov XpytllarOr;, r'lr; Exxsnoioi; r'lr; Bioi; /C{J.1 rwv OvvaroTytTwv rov l<JXVporepov. EvolO,rpspov Yla ro. (J'IPI::PIVa. tsxuuvoueva 01 eK8e(Jf:lr; TOV 7rpOc;evov 1'10. roy eC;eJ..Al'/vI(Jpo TWV Moxeooviov, PI(]. ill'l ixipavan r'lr; Msyw''1r; ioear;. No. KaL I] epPI]veio. 1'0. m; Bvoxer; qJwver; TWV (JVveI01j(Jewv 7rOV aKotiyovral Olo.XPOVIKU «a: eVTV7rw(Jlut;el '1 uavia rwv PGrOVOpo.(JIWV.

D(JOl syKA'IPa.r'l(Jav, avsyinxav ta 'l'roO'l xai POAsVOVTo.l xalinepa va paml(Jrel 1:0 8Vpa rour; BovAyapor;, napo. va Al:)'eTat MaKeDOVo.r;: 0 nptbtoc avuuetcanlotnxe «avtplxeio» ato KIA/Cfr; xat l1axava., 0 ororepor; 7rOAV novnpa xai ue TO (J7rlV8'1POPOAO ovou« rov XW,VrJ.e1 tnv Ki.'1PovoPIa. TWV -1000 Xpovwv. Eovaua ato tpo»; '1 avtkpaan ''1r; oi'l'ar; 1'1(]. e7d;/CTO,(J'I KW rl'/r; «/Ca8apOTI'/TO.r;» TOV Fkvotx; H avaipopa ata oxpotaia opto: ''1r; eJ..Af/Vorpwv'Ir; (wvl'/r; (JVoxerft;erO,l ue T'IV nixpa 1'10. T'IV avri8eT'I xauurtaan a.vw8ev 1:'1r; ypappytr; L1p6.par;, Eeppdrv, 8ea(JaAovi/C'Ir;, Noouooi; xat Kaotopuu; ((Jei. .. 623, eK8e(J1'/ o.n;o tu; LSpper; 4-12-1903).

Kat ouvowiiovtoi; 1:0 epyo TWV Llpayovp'l0Wv atu; «Nee; xwper;» i:;(ovpe:

1) Ev/Corpa.vr:'1(Jo.v rl'/v Dpa.(J'I rwv aVTl7rW,WV rour;. OI/CoplTO.rt;ytOer;, 01 tuo (JVveIO'lT07rOl'llleVOI Ilatpubte; T'Ir; MaKI::OOVlKytr; yl'/r;, 8yIVa.v Bov)'1'apOl - Bnpla "1r; A7roKriJ..v'I''1r; (ae).. C;o', -147, -1-19, -159 /C.6..) /C(J./ ovarpl'//.1i(eTa.t '1 snavaatoan TOVr;. [J),qpl'/r;v7roP6.8pl(J1'/ TOV 7}.IVTSV: ... «No. o'l}.wael tote opuooiou; ... on 1'/ Enav/iataau; eivai o}.wr; 'exvl1:q···»

2) Xa.paC;a.v 7:I'/V eBvI/Cq 1'pallllq va 8ewpovvral 'EM'Ive<,- oAOl 01 naipiapyncoi XPlarzavoi ( '1 7rE:pIPOI'/"1 evr:o}.yt ... «va ),8yOVT(J.1 poop», ovouaoia 7rOV (jev sv80v(Jial;e rour; Maxeoovec).

Kat o.7rO Bospikna ae j3arpri(JIa, rp8a.vovpl:: ato ouuttspaoua OTi 01 « Exomavoi» eiva: 'E}J'f/Ver; tau 01 [J01la./c01 Tobpxoi ...

ETtI,e},ovr;!

fi03A-MA.K6AONIKO ASA TIO 15

~YNENTEYSI~ ME

EN MEi\O~

n n o BITQilIA

TOY KOMITATOY

op,

A8nva, 8 Maiou 1903

O ". p020yo<; Ttlr; OVVE''fCD97r; "apOVOU't(61 TOV NI1(OI.u. K6p6tp Iw,/lou).yaploOevTu. ""'lOW.O» Kat

1(/lOU)qopotppwv, I'&;'or; TOD K0I'I.TlizoD». Errlv xpoyuaiuonmo: elvca atpD"VI0l'tvor; Moxeoovo; axo T7IV "cPlOxr, MnlTOAA (Movaomp), AHM THE MAKE.LJONlAE), "pwmywvlrm,r; oro i).WfCV K(J.I npoeopo; tnt; «AHMOKPA1JAE TOY KPOYEOBOY». Isnv ov(f!TI'fOl'/ xoo aKo),ovOei t5ivOVTo./ 01 1</0 accpei; a"0.1",,,06/r; Yla ro nOIOI ElNAl 01 KOMITA7ZHAEE KAI T! KPATOE BEAOYN NA lAPYEOYN.

- Eiom MUKEOWV;

- Mci"ufTa (a1luvta 0 KapEq»

- Kat KUTa oUVE1tEUl'EU1lV.

- Amo OEV TO ;spro, eym Eillal

MaKEOmv.

o AOqvo.ior; M,lloowypo.tpor; stptoveiettu WI' I"XK600Vl0I'0 rOu K6pctp KOJ 1Cpoarru.Oei va TOV PYaMI E)'},'1vo. IIC TO (OpI, (ll(; 01toyovo rOu M.

AJ.ci;aviJpou:

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KOlllTaTO OEV Eivat BollAyaptKOV Kat osmepo OTt

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AKP0I10l\.I Z::,

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m'ill1tVOta Kat ayci1t1J.

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tpaivetat ,,/0 KaOap6. "000 t5'1IIOKpa:cIKo.

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<J)w'[o: Ntxosa Kapep

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(l'.11f10Kpana).

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(\\\94-M)"'K6AONIKO A6" TIO 16

I1:TOPIA

TT]v npocruourv 't11~ EM.aOo~ " onoin £XEt 1(EPI<J<JOTEPU KUG~KOV'tU vc <JU~ cA.euS€p61<J1l, ri),:AfJ. KUTUcpWy€t cIS TOllS ~up~apOUS;

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ANAKOINnl:EIE

do;Jt;\-MkK6A.ONIKO A.6A. TIO /7

To «napompnmplo» ~Ia 'CIS Hamppics Hau, ms EririaSas

«To up9po "I]~ r€ropyia~ !lUf1a «Mrrapu~ Ka'tayy€A.looV KaTu T% EA.A.uoa~ arro TO «OapaT!]pl]TIlptO TOU EA.oiVlCt) (26/10/2000) O€V aVWpep€l Kaf1to. rrl]y~, Kat ypUq>TI]K€ oov vo ijTUV"1 cruno.KTpto. 'tOU nupouca ern :Euvooo TOU OA:EE OTT] Bcpcofno, Ko.n 1tOU ~e~ata om cruve~"1. :E'tOtX€tOOOl]~ Ol]f1ocrlOypacptKij O€oV'toA.oyia €1te~aA.A.e ornv 1t€pi1t'trocrl] amij vn OtacrT(IUpoocr€t 'tt~ 1tI]ye~ T!]~, av 0Xl Kat va ~ avacpep€t. Tbtorn a1to TU OUO om eKUV€ Kat emt I] (<E» 0l]f10crirucr€ eva Keif1€vo 1tpO~OA.ij~ f1eptKOOV KU~epVl]'ttKOOV Kat rrapa-KU~epVl]'ttKOOV arrOljlerov, 'to oaoio, orrro~ Ot cpoP€~ rou; eKavav Kat crTI] Bupcoflic, cr€ rroA.A.o. crl]f1eia oev cvruxoxptvenn crnv 1tpaYf1anKO'tl]'tu, Kat totahepa orn OeKa~f1epl] exei rrapoucria TOU «EUI]VtKOU Ilupampnmplou rcov LUf1CProVtOOV TOU EA.crivKt». t>I]f1toupyehat ET<JI I] evW1tro<Jl1 on 0 crTOXO~ TOU ol]f1o<JIeuf1a't~ om ijTUV I] eVI]f1eproal] rrov uvuyvmo-rrov Yla o ou cruve~I]crav OTT] ouvodo TOU OALE, aA.A.<'t I] eSU1tl]pET!]<JI1 cruyKeKptf1evrov ouuespovnov Kat crTOxroV.

:ETI]V tcr'tocr€A.ioa f1a~ urr~pxav KUl U1tUPXOUV Otagecrlf1a ru 26 K8If1€Va 1tOU 1tapoucriacruv 'to «EA.A.I]VtKO Ilcpcrnpnrnpio rcov LUf1cpUlVtOOV TOU EA.criVlCl» Kat I] «EA.A.I]Vl~ O)1UOU yta TU !lIKalOOf1UTU rcov Meiovonnov» crT!] LUVOOO 'tOU OALE OTT] Bnpcopic, f1€Tasu 17-27 OKTro~piou 2000. Ta K€if1ma (IU'tu om avucpepoV'tat f10VO OTT]V EUUoll, aA.A.<'t Kat cre 20 UA.A.e~ xoope~ (a1to ~ HI1A f1eXJll Tl~ KBV'tpOucrtaTIKe~ xoope<;, cruf1rr€ptA.af1~UVOVTU~ KatOA.e<; n~ yelTOVIKe~ XOOP€~ 'tl]~ EUUoa~), TI]V E.E. yeVtKUaA.A.<'t Kat n<; olaolKacri~TOU OALE. AUTU I]1tI]yij rmv rrA.I]pocpoptOOV 'tl]~ cruV'tUKTPI~ cra<; CPU(}lKU O€V TOA.f11]cre vn uvacpep€ t.

EA.ni~ouf1€ 1tro~ I] €cpl]f1€pioa aa~, nou om f1U<; exe1 cruvI]9icr€t oe zcpouom up9pu, 9u e1tUVOp900cret ue f1la crcpatPl~ KaAUIjII] T!]~ acrcpaA.OO~ <JI1f1uV'tt~~ 1tupoucri~ rev eUI]VtKOOV MI] KUp€pVl]nKOOv Opyuvcooecov (aA.A.<'t xoi nov )1€tOvOnKOOV opjuvroceciv EA.A.uou~ xm TOUpKiu~) yta T!] ctoorn eVI]f1eprocrl] rou avayvrocrnKou KOIVOli 'tI]~.

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Tlavayuinnc drJW/T:par;, exxpooomoc».

«EA.eugeporunia», 3] OKTroPpiou 2000, creA.. 6

ITE<l>ANOY!lPArOYMH 11, T.El. 51, 53100 <l>A!2PINA 'tI]A.. cpaS: 0385-46548, 45044, E-mail: misirkov@line.gr http.z/www.florina.org.

AEATIO TYIIOY <l>A.6>ptva - Aepiv 11.1 O. ] 999

T11V napaaKcuij 08.10.1999 1tpuYf1a'torrOlij91]K€ cr't11v A9~va crUVo.VTl]<JI1 avn1tpooro1t€iu<; roo OYPAi\llOY TO:=:OY f1€ TOV 'Yaoro Apuoorf Yla ~ e9vtK~ f1€tov6'tI]'t€~ rou O.A.:E.E. K. Max van der

S toe] Kat 'tOY ~0l]90 'tOU K. John Packer.

LT!] cruvuv'tI]<JI1 I] ozoia OtijPK€cr€ OUO rrepirrou OOP€~ cru~I]'t~91]Ke 'to SEf1a «ov e9vtKWV f1€tOVOn]TroV OTT]V E)).uoa Kat cruyKeKptf1Eva 0 f11] crepacr)10~ azo 'tI]V rrA.eupU T!]<; eUl]Vt~~ rroA.t't€i~ T!]<; e9vI~~ TUm6'tl]TU~ Kat ttov OtKalrof1UTrov 'tl]~ MaKeooVtKij~ Kat TOUPK1~~ f1elOv6'tl]Ta~.

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Eivm oe A.u1tl]pO TO yf:YOVO~ 1tro~ 'to KaA.ecrf1a 'tOU OYPANIOY T020Y 1tP~ n<; 1tOA.t'tlKE~ OUWf1€t~ 'tI]~ xoopa~ yta rnv evapS'l OtaA.6you 1tllvro ern €9v0f1elOVOnKIl Sl]n]f1u'tu cruOTT]f1UnKU uyvoehal 1tUpOA.o 1tOU OI1tapU1tllvro OlaKl]PUYf1eve~ 9Ecrel~ ron dvat yvro<;t~.,

L'tI] cru~ij'tl]crl] 'tE91]K€ €ni<Jl1~ 'to s~T!]f1a roo f11] cr€pucrf10U arro rnv 1tA.eUpo. T!]~ eA.A.I]V1K~~ 1t0A.1Tela<; rrov !lte9vwv !ltaKl]pUserov K,at LUf1Pllcrerov ytU rn f1elOVOnKQ OtKat<Of1a'ta Ka9w<; eni<Jl1<; Kal 10 9€f1a 'tl]<; I!1tlKUpro<Jl1~ ceto 'to EU!]VtKO KOtvo~oUA.tO TI]~ ,LUf1~a<Jl1~ ~a((}lO yta rn !ltKaU])f1am rtov Metovomrrov 'tOU LUf1~01lA.~OU T!]~,Eup~1tI]<;. ToviOTT]K€ O€ rrro<; I] LUf1Pa<Jl11tperr€t va €1tlKUpro9€t oro cruVOA.O 'tI]~ Kat xropi<; €satpecr€l<; 01 01toie<; 9a rr€plOpi~ouv rc OtKatWf1am «ov €9VtKOOV ueiovorrrnov ernv EUo.oa.

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'Y noro Apuoon] tou OALE yl<l 't~ €9VtKE~ usiovorrrrec.

EA.ni1;ouf1€ I] cruvclV'tI]OI] aUn] va ooocr€t "!]V acpoPf1ij WcrT€ I] €UI]VtK11 KU~EPVl]<JI1 vc rrpocreyyicr€t €lllTEA.oll<; TO l;~T!]f1a tou cr€~acrf1ou rtov €9V0f1€tOVOT1KOOV OtKat<il~o.Trov crTI]V E~oa f1€ .. , P€aA.tcrf16Kat A.oyl~ Orrro£ apf16~€t oe f1lU 0"1f10KpanKl] Eupro1tUlKl] xoopa.

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AEATIO TYUOY (P}.WplVa - 03.11.2000

Avretpoexoaeie; rou OYPANIOY T030Y xut "tTle; LTEnn; MAKELlONlKOY TIOAITILMOY ou~l=e(xo.v er"tle; epyo.eriee;"tTle; Luv60ou"too OALE (Opyavter~6c; "Ytn rnv Aerq)('tAetn Knt Luvepyncrin ornv E\)pci:l1l'l) nou ltpn"y~n"t07!Ot~B1"jKe em Bnpero~io. 17-25 OKtOl~pio\) 2000 ~e ge~ntoAo-y(n nqllepOlfl£v'1 ern AvBpw7!lvn 6tK(llW~o.to..

Oi nV"tl7!pOerOllteiee; tOlV ouo opycvdxrscov Knta"tTl litapKetn "tOlV epynerullv €geerav roeo ~e EvtU7!O \)/..tK6 coo xm ~e ltPOcpOptKEe; 7!npe~~<'tcr£\(; evromov nov nvtl1tpoow7!OlV rov E\)pOlltntKWV K\)~ep~ereOlv, tOlV H.TI.A., rou KnvnM, tOO L\)~~oo/"io\)"tTle; E\)~e; illa Knt rov ~'l Kll~epVl"j"tlKWV opycvrocetov, to t;~"tTl~o. "tTle; e9vt~e; MnKeOovt~e; ~etov6"tT]tne; emv EllUoo..

'E-y.vs jJeta~i> ull.tov tb.ai"tEpa avacpopu ero 9EjJa "to>V e9v'Ku MaK£oovo>v 1I0A1"tlKOOV npo(J(pil-yo>v "tot> EjJqwAiot>, enot>; O7toiot>e; 'I Ell.6.oa upvsirm "tOY enavanaTp'''jJo JI£ T'I pa"ta.en.Klj tl7tOllpy.Klj an"cpaCJ'l "to>v Ynot>pyeio>v EaO>"t&p.KooV Ka. d'lJloaio<; Tu~£o><; "tot> 1982, allJlcpo>va jJ£ "t1]V O7to'a enl"tp£ne"tOl ° enavana"tp.a,to<; jJovo "to>v (<Ell1jvo>v "to rEvo<;», no .... tlK61v npoacpil-yo>v. To t;1jT'lJla "tot> up9pot> 20 (nap. ly) "tot> K.E.I. (K61ii.Ka<; Ell1]vtKlj<; T9ayeve,a<;)"to ono'o ecpapJl61;etat £7tlAeK"t.KU enot><; e9vlKu MaKeiiOve<; O'KOVOJltKoll<; Jletavuene<; TOt> e~O>"t&p'Koi>, ano "tot><; onoiot><; acpatpeiTm 1] ell1]v.Klj .9ayeve.a. To t;1jT'lJla T'I<; Aiena<; «aven.Bt>Jl1j"tO>V» CJT'!v O7tow"to Ynot>py£lo TO>V EaO>TeptK61v KaTal(o>pei tot><; e9VtKU MaKeii6v£<; OtKOVOjJ.Koll<; jJetavuene<; all.6. Ka. Jleyu'-o Jlepo<; TO>V no".T.KOOV npoacpi>yo>v, anayopei>oVTU<; TOll<; ha. T'lv £laooo CJT'!v Ell.6.oa. To t;T)"tTlJln"tTle; OUlOtKaer(ae; l(Op~y1"jCll"je; ~(t;ne; roo EJ../..l"jvtKOU Fpneeiou Li>vOecrT]e; ern LlT]JlOKpo.tin"tTle; MaKeooviae;. LuyKeKpt~Evct"tTlV Q7!ah1"jCll"j "tOlV ellT]vtKwv apl(wv "Yta «O~MDCIl"j e9v6"tT]t(9) oro ~eXOlptcrt6 €vru7!0 aiT1"jCll"je; nou 7!pe7!et vn ouJl7!/..'lpWero\)v 01 7!o/..ltlKoi ltp6ercpuree; 7!0\) t;otive crl1J1epa er"tTl t.'lJloKpntia "<lIe; MnKeOovine;, wcrte vo. (l7!oKAeiovtal.(l7!6"t0 otKniOlJln"tTle; ~it;nc; xm KntU ouveneta"tTle; £7!tcrKe'l'T]e;. oooi OT]/..6lvoov roe; e9vOtt~ "tnm6"tT]tn"tTl MaKeOOvt~.

Fin Tn1[npa7!aVOl 9E~nm E&t~e totnitepo evOtncpEpov T] nvnapoocoaeic rmv H.D.A. orov O.A.L.E Kat (JlJ'"(KeKptJl€vn'l Lup.~oo!..oe; K. Tamara Reeler us mv onoic 7!pn"Y~.nto7!0l~91"jKe ~el(Olptcrti) ouvcvmon.

n"oe; 7!p€ne1 vo avacpepBei '1 apVl"jtt~ eVt\nrOlcrT] 7!OU CIl(1"jp.attoav oi avtt:JtpooOl7!eiee; ono mv 7!npe~~aCll"j tOO 7!peo~~ "tTle; £AMooc; orov O.A.L.E. 0 oxoio; crqv EJ..Aet'l"l E7!ll(etp1"j~atOlV oro occ U7!~pt~nv Ot eK7!pOcrOl7!Ot"tTle; Mo.KeoOvt~e; p.etOv6"tT]tnc;, nvnnapaBeoe rooc OUKO<po.vttKoUc; tOXUptop.oue; "ylo. o~9ev (l7!OCIl(ternKEc; taoete; tOlV p.e/..6lv "tTle;. A~it;et vc o.vo.cpepgei Ott 0 7!o.P(l7!CtvOl ot7!MDp.at1"je; ~to.v 7!apwv cr"t1"j auVCtV"tT]crT] 7!OU tytve tOY OKtro~PtO rou 1999 emv AB~vo. avap.eoa otu p.t"1] tOO OYPANIOY T030Y xtn "tOY Y 7!o.tO Ap~~ TO\) O.A.L.E. yta tte; usiovomre; K. Max van der Stoel, yto. mv onoia to OYPANIO T030 e~E80l0e oe"tio MO\) oxou, p.eto.~ti 6.UO>v, Kat0.8iKo.oe"ylct 1[01l0crti) cpopa KaBe evEpyeto. 7!0\) OOT]yEi ce nllo.y~ OUV6pOlV ern Bo.!..KCtVto..

LTO\)e; auKO<po.vnKOtic; tax;upto~otie; TO\) 'EllT]va ot7!MDJlaTl"j, (l7!aV"tT]onv Jle KOt~ yp~ avo.KOivOl~ toix; rnv oxoin Kat ot€vet~o.v O"tle; uvnspocconeie; Jlo.(;i ue ro CIl(=KO oe/..no TUno\) rou OYPA!'llOY T030Y, to Ell1"jVlK6 TIo.Po."tTlPll~PIO rev Lt>JI<pO>VlroV rou E"oivKt, 1"j O~a "ylo. ro t.lKo.ull~ata rtov Maovomrov ornv Ell6.Oa, to Oupavio T6~0 Kat 1"j L"tErTJ MnKeOoVtK01) Do"ttto~oti.

H nOAITIKH FPAMMATElA

AEATIO TYIIOY CP;.wplva - J 5.11.2000

Avrmpootoaeia "tOO Oopcviou T6~ou ouJlJleteixe crtte; epyo.oiec;"tTle; revt~e; LUV€AeUOl"je;"tTle; E\)pro7!al~e; EAe6BepT]~ ~\)JlJlo.xinc; (E.E.L.) nou 7!po.YJla"t07!ot~9T]Ko.V ornv EOpo. rou EUPOl7!o.IKoti Kotvo~oo/"ioo oru; Bp\)~EJ..Aee; <>tu;9 Kat 1 0 Noeujlplou 2000.

'Eva (l7!6 to. 9E~o.to. T1"je; 'l~epijOlcte; OtCt"to./;T]e; ijto.v'l E7!lKtipOlOl"j "tTle; Evt~'le; cr"t1"j LUJlJlaxia tOlV VEOlV KOJlJla"tOlv - jJ£J..6lv p.eta~ tOlV 07!OiOlV tl"to.v Kat to OYP ANIO TOSO.

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KOAAoum: <puKtAou<; KUl TOU Elhvuv EVu mxrcirto. LTO XroPIO J.IG TIlV roco l1eYUAT] icropiu Sev l111:opd KUl 01 cnuepwoi CtVOpro11:Ol VCtVUl CtVOPW11:01 cr11:ouliuiol. KCtTOIKO<; TOU XWPIOU ce epWTIlcrTj uv I1E'rCtvLWCle ym rnv zopelc ~w1'j<; 11:0U UKOAoOOT]crE, U11:UVTCtEl «oXU>. To WIO KUt T] 0eoliwpu LUp-rcrCtAu U11:0 ru; fIptcr11:E<; «Oon 1tEPVCt<; IiIKpO<; IiEY 1:U ~EXV~. Eivm xpovm mxpu, uU6. KUl yAuKu».

H EnlI.KE'IIH TOY I.TEcDANOnOynOy

Tov A11:piAll TOU 1998 EiXE yiVEt Kl auT] EmcrKE\jIT] oro XWptO «NiKO<; M11:eAoytuVVT]<;». Toxe E11:lcrKE<pTei ym 11:PWTIl <popu 0 'EAAT]VU<; fIpoeopo<; TIl<; ~T]l1oKputiu<;. . Ilcpsupioxovrcv 11:UAt 0 M'1Tpo11:0AiTT]<; Auorpiez; KUl MEcrOWPW1tT]<; Mtxu1jA KUl 0 TOTE o1'jI1UPXO<; 0 Z1'j<r'l<; BAuX011:ouAo<; U11:0 TO XIOVUTO Kcoropua; «To 1948, ce l1AlKia t~l xpovwv, <pUyUlieOTT]KE l1~i ue CtMa 11:UllilU KUl ~ptOl1KE <rTIIV Ouyyupiu 011:0'0 cr1tOUIiUcrE. Moxovon Ssv cruIiJ.IG'rElXE -AOy(j) T]A.IKiu<;- oUTE crTOV EAAL, OmE crov ~T])!OKpUnKo LTPUTO Ko.l11:UPCt TO OTt 0 11:UTepu<; TOU ~T!lV ~AUXIKT]<; KU'rUYwyij<; Kat T] )!T]TSpU TOU up~uviUK11e;, TO eUT]VtKO KPUTO<; TOV OEWPEi LAu~OIiUKeIi6VU Kat npveirm Vo. TOU<; XOPlly11crEl TIlV SAAT]VIK1'j U1tT]KOOTT]T!l. 'Eroi OTUV OSAeI VU epOEl ornv EAMou Xpt]crt)l.011:Old TO OUYYPIKO IiIU~UT~plO. LTI<; uAAe11:UAA'1Ae<; UIT~crE\(; KUl EKK/,1'jcreH; "tOU 11:pO<; UPIiOoiou<; (11:PWOU11:0UPYO, U11:0UpyOU<;, U1tTjpecrto.KOU<; 11:!lpCtyOVTS<;) OEY 11:UipVSt U11:UVT'1<r'l Kat '1 11:Epimrocrij 'rOU UVTtJ.IG'rW11:~S'tUI ue ulim<popiu -OUOei<; KCtVEI TOV K011:0 vc TOU E~lly~crEI TOU<; AOyOU<; T'1<; CtPV'1crJK AUTO stvru evo. -TO KUPIO- U11:0 TU 11:UPU11:0VU TOU 01]IiUPXOU.» E<pT]Ii. EfIOXH 29/3/98.

o rPHrOPHI. NlflTHI. I.THN OyrrAPIA

To xwpto TO E1tlcrKE<pT'1KE TO LEmi:li~plo"tOU 1997 0 K. lP1lYopt]<; NtWTT]<;. Kat TO'rE TOU St1tWOT]KUV rn OlU<pOpU 11:pO~A1'j)!UTU 011:w<; 11:·X· YlU TT]V SUT]V1Ki] lOUytvelU T] ozoiu 't:Ou<; liivE'rut liS J.lGyUAT] KuOUmSpI1<r'l. XUPUKTIlPlcrTt x ., etvm 11 11:spi11:TWCI11 TT]<; BucrtAtK1'j<; lKuvT~ou T] enola 11:i:Ouvs ue TT]V mKpu ''1<; liT] o.VCtKTII<r'l<; TT]<; EUT]VlK~<; lOUytvSlU<; T] onota TEAIKU 'T]<; s1i60'1 Mo I11'jVE<; IiETU TO OUVUTO 'tT]<;. H ClTSpT]ClT] TIl<; eAA'1Vtt<11<; lOUySVEtCt<; 11111110Upyei KUt 11:PO~A.T]~tU'rU ym 'rH; UVet7t11PIK€C; cruVT!l~el<; 11:0U IilKUtOUVTat W<; 11:0AtnKoi 11:pocr<pUyeC; l1eTCt 'to 8' TIUYKOcrl1tO fIOAel1o.

o Tp. NtWTIl<; U11:WOUVO<; YlU 11:0AAU XPOV1U yLU TOUe; U1tOOT]IiOU<; 'EAAT]Ve<; cruVUV'r~OT]KE J.IG TT]V U<pU11:0UPYO MEtOVOT~'WV TIl<; ouyyUpS~tKT]<; KIl~SpVT]<r'l<; K. Euu 'Opcoc.

H AIlEncDOnOIHI.H

To 1996 ulisA<p011:011jOT]KE TO XWPlO «NiKO<; M11:EAOYIUVVT]9> I1E TOV ~T]1i0 Ay. ~T]l1llTpiOU (M11:pUXCtl1l) A=Ki]<; 11:0U 1i~I1!lpXO<; TOU T]'tUV 0 fIuVTEA~<; ElpT]VCtKI]<; Kat U1t0 ,0 lCiTOptKO XWptO 0 Z1'jcrT]<; 8AuX011:0UAo<; 11:0U rovioe On 1] uOEA<p011:0iT]crTj IiEV 11:pe11:el VU eivut I1lU rum"., 11:PU~, uAAU 11:PS11:EtIiS TT]V UVUADylj OpCtcrTj vc u1<; ooOd OUCI1UcruKO VOT]I1U Kat 11:eplEXOl1eVO. J\iyo UPyO'rEPU, 111AWV'tU<; crTOV «PU;ocr11:U<rTII» ue AOYIU <pOP'rlcrI1SVU U11:0 TT]V 11:iKpa, «uvapWUjOT]KE ytuti I1SXPI TWPU TO eMI]VIKO KpUTO<; orepet TT]V EAA.llVlKi] tOaytvela a11:0 UvOPW11:0U<; 11:0U yevv~OT]KUV crnv EAAUou Kat sivm YPUl1l1tvOI met OT]IiOTOMYIU o1'jI1UlV Kat KOlVOTT]-rWV TI]<; 11:aTpiou<; 11U<;»·

Avu<pepOT]Ke eni<r'l<; oro 11:POPAT]I1U 11:0U TuAUVi~el 11:0AA.OU<; cruVTa~IOUXOU<; 11:0AlnKOU<; 11:pocr<pUYE<;, e11:EI01'j UKOlia OeV eXEl yiVet T] l1eTU<POPU TWV crUVT~SWV toix; U11:0 TT]V Ouyyupia ornv EUOOu. «0eAoulis vn S11:lmpEII'OUIiS crnv EAAUou ue \jIT]AU TO KS<PUAI Kl 0Xl cov ~T]UUvOl», ~TUV T] ,EAeuT!liu U11:0mpo<pI1 'tOU ZT]CI11 BAuX011:0UAoU. LTU AOyIU mmi KPUPE'rat OXt 1i0VO tva liiKatO aiTTjIiu, uAACt KUt T] et~t07tpe11:E1O: I1luC; oMKAT]pT]<; yCV1U<; 11:0U OIWxTIlKE, aUu 11:0Te OEY KaTaOecre TU ({011:Au».

'Eva Xpovo nptv rnv uOeA<p01tOiT]crT] EiXe T~lliS\jIet oro XWPIO iKO<; M11:EAoyLtlvvl]<; TO rptro KpUUKO KUVUAt (ET -3) 011:0U UVTUI1Wcre TOU<; EYU1tOJ.IGiVUVTe<; KCtTOiKOU<; TOU XWplOU KUl cru~ijTI]cruv l1ul;;i TOUe; yLU TO XWPlO TOUe;, ytU TTjV EA.AUIiu, y1O: TU 11:POPA~I1UTU. LU~~TIlcrUV us TOU<; uvOptimou<; 11:0U UVUYKCtcrTT]KUV VU <pUyOUV U11:0 'T]V 11:u'tpioU TOU<;. H 01l110crlOYPU<PlK~ spsuva KUt em~teAem 'rT]<; eK11:0)!11:~<; T]TUV TOU fIUUAoU NePCtVT~T] Kat 1] crKTjVOOenK~ TOU ~T]l1ijTpT] KupuOavucrTj.

I.TO XflPIO

MEcrU oro XWptO oi oooi ElVUl 11:pO<; TII11'jv OUyyprov UY(j)VlcrTWV uU&' Kat EAA1'jvwv UYWVtcrTWV 011:(j)<; TOU L'ri:<pUVOU Lo.pCt<pT], TOU M1'jTcrOU fIU1tUpi]yo. aU&. Ko.t 'rOU Txoros N'rEA'tCle<p. Y11:UPXel T] AtcrXTJ VEOAo.(u<; (onuspc XPT]crlIi01tOteh:at we; Xwpo<; cruVUVTT]CI11<; trnv l]AIlClWl1tvWV), urrpeio, VEKp01:U<peio. KU11:0Te 0I1W<; Ko.t e11:1 11:0A.AU xpovm KIlKAO<pOpoucrs 0 «J\UtKO<; AyWVU9> TO «opyavo TOU LUAAOyOU TWV fIOAl'ttKWV Ilpocceycov TT]<; EUOOu<; omv Ouyyo.pio.» 11:01) U11:I]Xoucrs, 11:plV Kat llE'ra TT] IiICtcr11:UcrTj 'tOU J 968, TI<; U1tO\jlel<; TOU KKE. H e<pT]l1epiou 1'jTUV oiyArocr<r'l, ru1t(j)VOTo.V ora EUT]V1KU KUt 't!l MUKeOOV1Ko.. H PlPAIOO1]KT] 1'jTUV YeJlclTT] J.IG ~1~Aio. U11:0 TH; eKIiOCl'EH; «Nee EAAUoll» KUl «fIOAIKeC; KCtI J\OYOTeXV1Ke<; EK06crel<;». BI~Aio. ern Mo.KSliovtKU uU6. KUt EMT]V1KU. LTO XWP10 IitliUcrKO'tUV T] EAAT]V1Ki] uU6. KUt 11 MUKeli6V1KT] yAti>crcro. U11:0 TOV N'tOUAu Koorc.

fIl]Ytl<;: «To Bnuo» (20/8/2000), «EAeuOsporu11:ill» (21711997, 13/9/97, 27/4/1998, 9/8/2000, 19/8/2000, 20/8/2000, 21/8/2000), «AYYEAlO<pOpOe;» (26/4/1998), «H E1toX~» (29/3/1998), «PU;ocr11:&'cru1e;» (9/4/95, 21/5/95, 4/5/96).

A0.3A-MA.K6A.ONIKO A.6A TIO 112

I:XOAIA

nATOVEMH «EnnHNEE TO rENOE»

2:-[\~ 25.6.2000 o rov Ayto NtKowo Nuoucrru; ltpuy).la-roltOti]9T]Ke T] TIaveAAaOtKi] AyrovlcrnKi] cruyKMpro<JT] rcov e1t!lVullu-rptcr9Mrov 1l0AtnKrov llpomp1Yyrov 1tOU yive'tm Kuge xpovo. ~'lJ cruvav'lJ<JT] uu-ri] eKoo9TjKe Kat TO e~i]~ lJI1'l<Plcr).lU:

.... HcI»u:MA

II pac; TOV IJ pwBmwvpy6 VIe; EV.aow; K. KQLTAEHMlTH

IJpoC; rove; ApX'Iyo6e; TWV 1CO),IT1KWV KOl1paTWV

AllAITOYME

Nn e1ClTpallei 0 ellUValla,plcr).lO~ orouc 1l0A,1'\l(OU~ llpocr<puye~ 1l0U 9&A.OUV vc Ellavallu,ptcrBouv KUl -r01l~ e).lllOoi~et ° opo; «'EA.AT]ve~ ro yev~» Ku9ro~ e1licrfJ~ VU ClltOo0gei fJ lBuyevEIU cr' umou~ 1l0U TfJ cr-repilBfJKav lCuBro~ lCCll oru; aAA.oOUll&~ crl)~uyol)~ KUl rov llCllOlroV TOU~. TIupu TI~ ullocrx&crel~ 1101) 06BfJlCClV KUl llPOcrro1ClKU UltO rov lIproT]V Y ltOI)PYO E~ro-rEPllCroV -ym AU<JT] al)<Ou ron llpO~Ai]).IU"tO~- Ol)crroxro~, oev &Ylve nllo-rulCat 1tUPU).I&VOI)V ClICO).lU ).IaKptU U1l0 'lJV llu-rpiou <OI)~ ...

H GVlh'ivrpwU1f

'l'T]<plmfJlCe elli<JT]~ XAIPETIITHPIO llpO~ 1:O1)~ TIoAtnKOU~ I1pompuye~ 1101) llUPUJ.levOI)V aKOJ.lU crnv llP0O-<pI)YlU.

ll'lYr,: An" TO ENHMEPQTTKO LJEATIO rOD Ioi>J..-Avy.-Ef:7r. 2000, Ap. 'P- 96 Ttl, n.EE.n.n. (IJaw:JJ.r,Vlo. 'EV(f)11'1 Eno.vana.rplaOI:l'f(f)V Ilosnnabv Ilpoooincov) nov oro c(d)(pv}.}.o TOV yfX'np£1 EllANAflATPIEMOE, XQPIE ESAJPEEH, OAQN roN flOAI7JKQN flPOE<PyrQN

AKPOOEEIOI ETO BITEI ETIE nOPTEE MIEOVE

T&AT] Auyouorou rou 1949 gerope{-r(ll ouv ·1]).lepO~IT]via A.i]~T]~ TOil e).l<pUA,101l 1l01&).l01). nop,u~e'ral oro Birot Ol)crroxro~ ).I&XPI crllJ.lepu, EUTIlXro~

O).lOl~ a1l0 eA.UXlmOU~, altO ).lIU ).IEpiOU UKpooe~lrov mOlXelrov llUv(O oro ~OIlVO oro uvqusio 1l0U &Xet a."Bei. AuTi] '1] «ytOpTi] utoouc» 1101) elVUI U1tOT6Aecr).la tou ).IE"te).l<puAI01tOAeflllCOU di).la,o~ YlOp"tucr-rl]Ke r nv Kup iuxn 27 Aoyoocrou U1l0 TIl «Xpuon AI)Y11», TI~ evrocret~ ~aatA,o<ppoVOlV, rov ~OI)AeIlTi] TI]~ N."'. N. Koproripn rou N. (f>AroplvU~ (nzocrpcroc 1:a~iapxo~) (<<E» 2118/2000) xm illOI)~ '[6crcrep~ ~OIlAeI)'[~ Tl]C; N."'.: AV6a.,,~ AyyeAi]~ U1tO rnv KUcr-roPIU, Kcovorcvrivo; Kl":riOT]~ (~OUAeI)'[I']t; KIAKt,;, ° oaoio; llapUOexBfJKe 7rpoo-<pa'[a on i]-ruv xpo errov milixo~ Tl]~ opyuvro~ «4T] Auyouo t ou», «E» 12/9/2000), MtxuA.I]~ TIU1tUOO1tOUAO~ KUt ° veoKAeyei~ Ylu Aiyo U1tO -rT] 0ecrcraA.oviKT] Krov o r uvr t vo c rKtOI)A,&Kru;.

Ilcptov i]-ruv lCUt ° VO).lUPX'l~ <DA.ffiPlVru; TIuuA~ AAnVl]t; (eKA.f;x9T]Ke ).IE -rl] Na), eK1lp6crro1to~ roo "'i]).lUPXOll 0ecrcruAovIKT]~ BctcrlA.T] TIctllaYEOlpyo1tOI)AOI), ° Ol]).lOnKOt; crU).l~OUA.ot; 0eooropot; Acrltacr10l]t; KUl UAA.Ol -rT]~ N"'. Xmper to-rnp io Tl]Aeypu<pT]).Ia ecr-relAe Kctl ° ~01)AeU1:i]t; TI]t; N'" Ilnv. 'f'ro).ltu15l]t;. 'OA.ol roix yvromo~ cruJ.l.1tA,&ov-re~ us oTl15i]llote ctKpooe~t6 xm uv-rt).luKe15ovtKo.

EnEEE Ana TON «AEPA» H npOTOMH TOV nAnAnETPOV (TOV XAq,IE TnN TOVPKnN ... )

Evoo/el -rT]t; crUVU~T]~ -rOlV alCpo15e~trov KCll <ptAoPUcr\AIKroV oro Btrot, UYVOlcr-rOl eKAeo/ctv 'lJV llPOTO).li] rou ).IuKe15ov0J.luXOU TIU1tctllf:tP01) oro 3wo Nspo, 01101) KuBe xpovo lCu-reBe-rClV cr-re<puvlu ).le "tl] ~0i]gelu 1:T]~ acrrovoJ.liu~ KUt 1:1]t; eK1CA.l]cr1Ut;, llUpU Tl]V avtigecrT] rcov KU1:0IKroV 'tOI) Sw06 Nspou yta Tl] <pumcr-rocrUvUSl]·

AOYro -rl]C; cruva~l]C; -rrov vocr-rUA.yrov -rou llapaKpU1:01)t; Kl)lCAo<p0PT]crctv 1tpolCT]pu~elC; -rl]~

«TIproTl]t; rpUJ.l).li]~» -rOI) IJAe6pT] ue 1:0 cruv9l]).Iu «Aeursptc cr-rl] Bopstu MUKe15oviro). To a1tolCop6<p0lJ.la uu,l']~ -rl]~ XOl)vtocruvU~l]~ i]"tuv vc ~A,&llou).le crnv TV KU1l01O vOO-1:a1yo 1:0U <pacrtcr).lou vn XUlpcruel Va~tmIKu.

To KeV1:plKO Icrpul]At'tlKO LU).l~OUA10 EAAU15ut; KUTooiKUcre Tl]v eJ.l<p6.vl<JT] evmoAOlv vEovaSlmrov crn~ 1:eA&Te~ 1:0U Tpcuuou - Birot.

H OAKKE ce uvulCoivUlcrl] Tl]<; uvseeps: «To 1:€pa1:ro15e~ a." <penvi'] ytopTi] rov ~P1K0A6:lCUlV oro Birot sivm 01:1 pouAe'tE~ r ou eA.Al]vIlCOU KOtVOPOI)AiOI) V0J.llJ.l07rOtQuv KUl 1tOA.I1:llCU 1:0U~ ).IOVOUt; VO).lI).lOU~ ClVOlX-roU~ vU~lmet; 'lJ~ Eupro1ll]~ ... » (<<E» 30/8/2000).

An6 npo<pop\KEC; IUlj)'t'IJpieC; nov K(lTOlK<OV.

To llP0l1:0 zou UlCOU~ U1tO 1:01)t; Ku'[oiKOIl~ -rOI) 3lVOU Nep06 eivtn on ° TIU1tU1tf:tP01) 1']1:uv cruvepyu'l]t; rrov Toupxev. Toxol)v ltet uv9proll01 151U<pOproV 1l0Al'[tKroV 1l1l0Xprocrerov. OIlPUVIO To~o, KKE... To OV0J.lU TIU1lU1te-rpou 1:0 1!1']pe ).lETa, ue roue e~eAAT]vtcr).l06t; rtov ovoucrev KClI A.6yro -rOI) on i]'rav llallu~ xtn ,0 ).lIKPO rou OV0J.lU i]1:UV TIe-rpo~ eYlVe ITU1lUlli:-rpou. ~1:0 xropt6 'tOY <provuSClV Nroerce, Nrouroro, Y nO Tl]v e1tI~Ae\llij rou eixe evu 1)1lMAl]A.o allo 1:0 I1e15tvo (AIOI)J.l1t61:Va) ° onoioc 1!1']pe ev-roA,1'] U1tO 1:0 KO).lnUTO ym vu tov crKOTrocrel KUl1:0V oxorrooe. Tov oxorroce 15l]mol'] eva~ KUpUKOfli-rU~ (K' pcxouira) 1101) 15ouAel)e cr-ru XroPU<plU ,Oil TIU1lUlle1:p0l). To uyaA).lU 1']1:ClV crnv ltw-reiu 1:01l Xropl06 1101) O).lro~ lCuvevru; Sev 1:0 i]geAe Ylu-ri i]-ruv UV1:1- ).lulCe06vat;. To 6.yaA).la txel yivel <p1:epu.

ANTIETAEH ETO NEOq,AEIEMO

tse» i]"tav 111tPro-r1] <popu 1tOI) xee~ KUPlUKl] 29.11.1998 ylvuJ.le ).lupTllpe~ 15txacrTtlCrov e).l<pUA.I01l0AeJ.llKrov llpOKA.l']crerov. ElCllPOcrro1troV1:US -ro crUvOA.o ttov KU1:0IKroV Tl]S KOlVo.,,1:U~

l\0,9A-MJ>..K6AONIKO A6" TIO / 13

=:UVOU NEPOU, UVE~apTll'ra uno WEOA.oytK~ KUl nOAITI~ 1:0n0geTT]crT], 9a npenEI vu KaTalhKaaOUIlE Kat vn Ka'raYYEiA.ou us TeTOla vocripu q>alvOIiEva. KaTaoIKa~OUIlE rn Yf:Yov6Ta zou eylVav O"Tl]V KO\VOTl]Ta lIa<; ano vsoenoioreq, ue npocrxllila Tl]V Ka'ta9EcrT] O"TEq>avOU O"TO IIVlJIIEio rIana1t€Tpou, OlaTpaVOOVOvTa~ Tl]v np00"11A.OlaTj lIa~ o rnv E9vIK~ I:UIlq>tA.iOlcrT] Kat O"TTj 6.T]1I0Kpam.'l'i OllaAOTl]Ta ( .. .) E>a aYOlVIO"TOUIlE 6IaTT]pOOV1:a~ 1:0 aTOIXE\(l>OE~ OT]1I0KpaTlKo lIa<; olKaiOllia vn avnO"Ta90ulIE os Te1:O\E~ npOKATjaE~ ( ... )

KaTayyeAA.OUIlE TT]V avEKOIT}yllTTJ O"TacrT] TOU ApXlllaVopiTl] AIIUVTaiou, I:Epacrnavou, zou 1I0VO aUTo<; ano TT]V nePIOX~ lIa<; muTIO"Tl]Ke lie TOU~ Xpuonoyireq, xm nvr i vu aTagei KTjpU Ka<; TTI<; O"UIlq>1AiOlcrT]<; (00<; eKnpoaOlno~ TTj~ EKKA,T]aia<;), 1tAEI060TT]aE o e q>avaTlalio Kal 1tpOKAi]ael~ evrrvriov II~ O"UIIIIE'tEXOVT!l<; a€ EKOi]AOlcrT] orouev nou EtXav UIJIUllleva Va~laTlKa crUll~OA.a omAa ornv EUllVlK~ crT]lIaia.

Maq 1tPOPAT]lIa1:i~EI K(lI Tj O"TaO"T] Tl]<; Acruvouiuq, 1tOU 9EWpTjaE Ka9i]Kov TT]<; va 1tpOaTaTeuaEI onAlaliEvou~ veoecoiore; vu npo~aivouv os nxcrovouccrec xut aKpOl<; rrpOa~A.T]T1KE<; Yla TO OlliloKpaT1Ko 1Ia<; noA.hEUlia evEPYElE<;, napa~la~oVTa<; Tl]v tvvoIlTjT~T].

I:1:O ovouc nOI(l~ E1tE'teiOU €ytVE T] EKOi]A.OlO"T]; Tt i]p9av vn KavOUV; Ilotov EIOO1toiT]aav; rIw~ ~~EPE T] Acruvoutn xe t TOU<; O"UVOOeuae; H Tom1--;] ApX~ OEV EXEI Kaveva pow os 't€TOlE<; EKOT]A.WaEl<;; 6.TjAaoi], aq>ou 1:0 ~epEI I] Acrcvouiu xm 0 EK1rpOOOlnD<; Tl]<; EKKA.T]aia<; 1:EAeioocre 1:0 9Ella;

( ... ) Av T] aUYKEKpIIlEVTj z a p o u o i u x u t EKoTjAOla'll Xpuouuj rrtcv OEV cuvio-rouce «avaIlOXM:UO"T] TOlV nOA.l1:lKOOV 1ta900v Kat OI(lTcip~ Tl]<; K01V~<; Kal tvvOIlTj~ T<i..,~>, n aOl~~Ta 9a O"UVlaTOUV ()"'{O )lEA.A.OV KanOla m9aVOTT]Ta UIIlUTl]PWV EnEla06iOlV IlE a\'&!;EA.EYKTE~ 1tpOEKTaa&l~ -o»

npaYllaT01tOli]aouv TT] aaq>i] npO&loonoiTjai] TOU~ Yla lila VEa opyavOl~T] EnaVEIlq>aVIO"I];

Ouooxovn (l7C6!p(lUl/

KOlVOTllw6 ZVII/loDJ.loD 81\106 Nepob 30.11.1998

H IVMMETOXH MAl ITO ANTI PATIIITI KO CDEITI8An 8EIIAnONIKHI

ME E1r1TUxia 0A.OKA.T]pOO911KE TO 30 oli]IIEpo aV1:1paTO"IaT1KO q>EO"TIP6.A aTO Alliavl E>EaaaAOVtKT]~, TO I:a~~a'to xn t KUPluKi] 2-3 6.EKEIiPpiou, na auT] lila q>opa O"TO q>Ecrn~6.A O"UlIlIETEiXE ue 'to OIKO Tl]~ nEpimEpo T] MaKEOOV1K~ KOIvOn]Ta,

lIE TO nEplO01KO 1Ia<; Kat TO OupaV10 To~o. I:'ro xoorep 1:0U 1tEptmepou lIa<; napoUataaallE q>OlTOypaq>iE~ ano xcreorpuuuevc Kat eyx:aTaAellilieva XOlpla rrov VOIiOOV <l>A.OOpIva<;, Kc o r o p re c, onOl~ e i vm TO «Mztorrcop» Mnamaopt K(lI 6.AAo. EmO"T]~ uni]PXav <jlUlToypaq>ie~ ano xnre orpnuevouc o-ruup ouc ue KUp1AA.t~ ypaq>i], KaTaO"TpOq>i] zou EKaVE Tj EUT]V1K~ IllaaAAOOO~ta. EK'tO<; ano TO ltOO"TEP un~pxav Kal rpia TpaltE~aKta ue svrono UAIKO onOl<; avaKowooael<;, otciq>opa ~IPAtU orn EAAT]V1Ka Kal ~KEOOVIKci, Ka900~ K(lI Ta nEplOOtKa Zopo, No~a Zopa Kat MaKEOOVlKO EVT]lIePOlT1KO lIEATio,

noA.Acl ano rc ozota ayopaa1:11Kav ano TOU<; napWpIO"KOIiEVOU~ a1:O Xoopo.

EAni~oulIE oe aA.AT] av6.AorTJ EKO~AOlaT] z ou 9a yiVEt aTT] E>EaaawviKT] va UltaPXel Kat T] EniO"T]IlT] EKnpOaOO1IT]O"T] O"TEAeXOOV Tl]<; opyaVOlO"T]<; TOU Oupuviou To~ou (Bw~lTO) E1:O"I WO"TE T] O"UIlIlE'toxrllla~ vn IIT]V EXEt 1I0VO aUIlPoAIKO xapaK~pa aAA.6. vo aVTanoKpivETal aTOV nAa1:UTEpO opyaVOl'tlKO Kat nOAt-nKO pOA.O Tl]<; OpyavOlO"T]~,

Em~TonH riA "P.nMIOY~" KAI "80ynrAPOY~"

KuplE 0lw9UVTa, I:ullnA.T]pOOVOl 'tT]V av6.AuO"T] Tl]~ K. I:oq>ia~ Boupn ym Tl]V «EKrIAl6.EYI:H I:TH MAKE6.0NIA» (TeUXO~ 59, TOlV «II:TOPIKQN» 1:T]~ EM:u9Eporuma<;) on, onOl~ O"TO POUII IIIAe1: aUlinEpIA.all~aVOvTav 'EA.AT]vE~, BouAyapol, MaKE06vE<; x.n. XPlanavoi, €TO"I Kat O"TO MnoU/,YKap IltA.&T, IIETa TO 1870, O"UII1tEP1AaIl~avoVTav tooo 0\ BoUA.yapol, o o o x n i Ma.eKEOOVE~ KUI BA.axot E!;apXIKOi 1tOU O"UvEpyaO"T11KUV npvo-repn IlE TOU~ MUKE06vE<; uurovourorsc (fKOTO"E NTEATO"Eq>, Mnrpo BAaxo, Iltrou fKOUAT], I:avTa.aKI, Iluvircu, Mro ipxme K.A.lt.,&naVaaTaaTE<; 1I:0U 01 m:plaaOT&pO\ &~OV1:ooe"Kav a1l:0 TOU<; ~06Ayapou~ &9V1K\O"TE<; ~ apXt<; TOU 200uatoova).

01 O"TanO"TIKE<; Aomov nEpi «Ptouuov» xrn «BOUAYcipOlV» eivoi noA.u aXEnKe~ KI aq>opouv n~ 9p1]O"KWTIKt~ OliciOE~. OpiO"T& Kat 1] sp lI1]veia - E!;EAt!;Tj 'tOU «lIaKEOOV1KOU lIu90u»

Me eK'riWWI'/ Fuivvn; Ilobvux;

l\034-MkK6AONIKO A6,\. TIO /14

«01 'EYTIKEI 'ANTAXTEPEI 14EEI MAl ... ))

AIIOKAAY'PH TnPA AEYTEPIA ITHN IITOPIA!

C'tO apOpo avaYVOlptcr)lSvoo AOYO'tEXVTj-Olo.vOTj't~:

"Me TO 1tp6crXT])la TTj~ <jlv..ia~ EYPQITAJ01 KAI AMEPlKANOI MAk MElnNOYN kAN KPATOk

(I1APATHPHTHk 4-7-2000) <jlaive'tat 1t0l~ crTsYVOlm; 'to e1to.vacr'taTtK6 )leAtlvt. kUVatcrOTj)laT01tOlei'[(ll 11 1tOAtT1K~ (avai)l.O.K'to~ 1t6Ae)lo~ ouuospovrcov) K(1I 0 "npicrspo;" MYyO~ xaloeuet T' aU'tttl )I.O.~. LlEVU1tapXEt ixvo~ au'tOKpl'ttK~~, evw evOappUve'tat Tj ~evo<jloj3ia K(1I TO avnsupOl1tatK61tVeU)la.

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Q~ urria yto. Tllv U1tEpa1tAOucrTeucrTj Kat K!l't(l1tOAE)lTjcrTj T())V OIKOVO)101tOAl'ttKWV OtEpyamwv, mcreixo, eivct ro 06'1)10.: 0n01']1tO'te OUTtK6 eivm uvnzpoobeuruco Kal EK xpooiutou av9SAAT]V1K6. IOEoAoyia nou munl;,et 'to'U~ «AvOevonlKOU~» )IE TOU~ ()"KOTetvOU~ KUKAOU~ 1tOU )la~ emj3ouAEUOV'tat .. (Ko.pU1:C;a<jlEpl1~- KavEAAll).

k't6x~ )la~ crTa1to.paKa'tOl sivm va ~eO"Ke1tacrou)lE mv )leyaAo)lo.via6Tt eiunote 'to "~ TTj~ 'Y11~" Kat 'tT]V ypa<jll~ ouvoiuooiosoytc on -yla 6).0. TO. oetva <jlTatvE 01 ~SvOI. EUKOATj OOUAeta, Kat 0"'t0 TEAeU'[(l10 Ka<jleVEio, aKOU~ o.A1']OEW~ -yla TO Kpa'tO~ xrn TTjV Ka~ AelToupyia 'tOU.

Emj3aAAe'ral 6)1Ol~ xm 11 a1to)1uOo1toiTjGT] 'tT]~ cr1lyxpOVTj~ lcrTopia~, WcrTS KU1tO'tE va )l1tOpScroo)lE va Ae'UTEP())90u)lE a1t6 T~ "ljIEU'tlKE~ <jl!lVTaX'tEps~ IOEE~ )la~"(Ka~aVT~aKTj~), "'tOV )lE()"a~ToUpKOKa'[(l""'t1]T~ ... " :

1)01 Bru.Ko.VIOI OEV (l1CEAeUOEproOqKav 1l0VOI T01>;, liE TOV OtKO T01>; 110Vo.J(a ayrovo.

To psepuiv apKE'twv KEt)lEVOlV "Oi Eup())1talKE~ KU13EPV~crE~ Kat Ot Auepucnvoi 1to.V'[(l crTaOTIKaV Kat crTEKOV't(1l avtiOE'tE~ )IE 'tn cru)l<jlspoV'tn 'tT]~ 1ta'tpio~ )I~ 7tUV'ta K01Ta~ouv va 'tT]V EK)lETcUJ.eUTOUV KI ov xpElacrTEi va 'tT]V 1tPOowcrOUV ... "OEV 'tl)la TTjV Oto.AeKn~, 1t·OU ioropucc Em13E13!llWOllKE O"TI~ K6V'tPE~ TOlV MeyaArov, nUa Kat 0"'t0 Naucpivo K(lt oro ai)ln T())V <jltAeU~VOlV.

2)8 s1CiKAllGq T1J; <jltj.i~ Kat T1J; EIPljVTJ; KaTWTOUV VEKpo. YPo.IlllaTa, o'<av OEV G1>VOOEUE't(l1 ano npOl'tollouAiE; Kal TIJV ouaj 110.; Gl>VEIG<jlOPa.

Em13tlAAeTal, 1tPOlTiO"'tOl~ yta 'tT]V ~lOmcrtia rov MYyOlV Kal TOlV 1tPOOScrEWV )I~, vc unv xnpl~6)1.O.crTE crTa MOTj )ln~ Kal O"'tl~ crKom)l6'tT]TS~. 01 1tVEU)lanKOi avOp())1tOI 0<jlE1AoUV vu U1tEpj30UV 'tT]V mOl1t~, vn XTU~crOUV TOV ey())\cr)l6 ore

Aey6)1EVn EBvIKa OS)laTo., WcrTE TO KpaTO~ va )lllV j3piO"KEI acruAo K(ll va ~E<jleUy€l )IE 't~ )ltcr~ o.A1']OEtE~. A6'10l TTj~ Kn~~ 1tu\oEi~ )I~ OEV Ka'[(lOtKacrn)lE aK6)111 'to at)la'tT]p6 E1tEtcr6010 ornv EmO"Ko1t~ (AA13o.vtK6 <jlIJAaKlO), OUTE 'to nm:tvOpOl1tO E)l1tapyKO, T~ mscrEII; Kat rc cruUaATj~pln ... EUKOAn, Aot1t6v. j3AE1tOU)lE rn <jlaOUA O"'tT]V xoouoxocrootc, 6f10l~ Ko.vEi~ OEV crKS<jlTTjKE TI Oa1Co.OatV(lV 01 YElTOVe; Iln; av EllS\; 1}I1aGTaV AIlEPIKclVOI. (:Ot\ S1tnOo.v oi M1']A10l, OiOO~E 0 ElouKIOiOTj~).

3) H l>1tOKpiGia 1CEpIGGeUEI GTT]v J(opa TOl> TIMTrova.

<l>0j30UV't!lt )lEP1KOi rnv uemvncreucn xm rnv f1EAAovn~ crUvOEGT] T())V Elecrcro.AOV1KEOlV, 6)1Ol~ OEV )ln~ 1..Sve n yovioto. olnOSTOU)lE ~ zovnoi, cro.paKaTcrnvaiol, o.pj3aviTE~ OpnKtWT~, vromot, yU<jlTOl, 13Mxol, crMj301, "V'tnpva,,'lo~", YKaYKo.ou~110E~, Kapn)lnVA~Oe~, f1na<jlpa).lloE~ x.n. Karrryopouue TOU~ Touoxou; -yla TOU~ Koupoou~ 6)1Ol~ KI Ef1ei~ 13n1tTl~ouf1e TOU~ nO)laKOU~ apxniou~ AyplavE~! AVaGTaTrovoullE TOV KOGIlO Yla TO~ OIlOYEVE\;, o.AAci EillaGTE 11 110VaOIKl} J(ropa n01> OEV (lV(lyvropi~EI 1.-0.1110. IlEtOVOTlJTa. H YEV£TElpa TOU Aptcr'tOTEAll 08xe'tal 6AoU~ TOU~ 1toAhE~ TTj~ Y'1~, 1tAllV EKEivOlV 1tOU y~Ol1Ko.v ornv MaKEoovin (1tP01tUTOPIK6 a)lap'tT]f1u;) xm -yla ~V'ta xp6Vla KUVT]YOuV'tat E7ttAe""Ka. nlKpaOtjKallE )IE TTjV crTaGT] TOlV cru)1)1aJ(IKWV 1tAoiOlV O"'tT]V k)lUpVTJ, ~f1Epa, E)lei~ 1tE'ta)lE TO~ AaOpOf1E'tnVacrTE~ 0"'tT] Oa).o.crcra. Llta)lapTUp6f1n()"'tE yux KMOtOU~ xapTE~ o.AAci "1t01OU)lE TTl vncon" O"TOU~ "kT6xoBEA61tOUAOU~" Kat TOU~ llEYo.AotliE&.TB~. EvoxA.TjfhlKn)lE -yla 'tT]V "<l>paYKl"'l ioroplc" 'tT]~ EupW1tTj~, 6)1Ol~ OEV AE)lE Tl un-opia K(lI Tt OP1)GK&l>TlKcl OU5aGKOIlIlGTE: naV'tEAtj~ ayvOta yIn 1:t~ 10Ee~ TOU LOlKpa'tT], T11V cruVEWTjGT] T())V Bu~avnvwv, TOV llaTpttlpm AouKapll, TOV 8)1<jlUUIO, rnv E1taVaO"TnGT] TOU 14V'tEV, n~ cr<jlaye~ TOU Kv..Ki~ Knl 'tT]~ M. Acice; u1t6 TOV orpcro )la~ (EKOEml KapvE'tC;~ 1tp6O"TIf10 a1t6 'tT]V «Kotvcovin TOlV EBvwv»). O)l<iJ~ xm cr'tT] ol1tArof1a'tia ce rt Ola<jlepOU)lE n1t' TOU~ tcrXUpouc;. V'tpn~Kn)lE Ka06Aou -yln Tn "Muomca KOVOUAln" 1'] rc xpooomn "MllXo.v~)lU'[(l Yla Til; Ko.pO~ TOlV kKomavwv" ;(EAe'UOEpOTUmn 7-7-2000) 0 nn1taOE)lEA1']~ )IE TOV 1tpOKaO~)lEVO xm tlAAoU~, KaTT]'YOpOUv 'tT]V MGT] 1tOU aVExE'tat'tOV AniAo., OEOlPOUV 6)1Ol~ 1tpooocrio. 'tT]V apGT] TOU "E)l1WM)lou" )lE T11V AA13aVta ... Nu, "(l(lTL Ex0UIlE aVl>1CoAll1tTO KpclTO~.

4) Eival lluOO~ OTt 'I EAAcioa OEV ol~ya'YE IllnEpI(l4GTIKOii~ nOAEllou;,

Ilpooto-nxc, <iJ~ aVOpOl1tO~ OEV eium 1tEptj<jlo.v~ -yln KaOevav 1t6M)lO, aUn y\{l rnv IO"TOP1~ a1tOKaTaO"'taGT] GT]f1EtdlvET(lI:

A034-M)"'KSAONIKO AS,,- TIO 115

To 1913 O1:ox€1\aaJ.1e va "a1tEA.eu9EpcilaoU)!E" 't1']V L6<jlla, 1:0 1917 J.1e1:0~6p\ "cru)!)!arnaa)!E", 1:0 1919"00/;acm11Ca)!E" a1:lj Pro c iu xn i a1:U; 4/8/1921 1tapa1dyo va "a1tEA.eu9EpWaOU!lE" rnv l\yKUpa .... Gao Yla 't1']V 9uo1a TOU '40 Kat n~ Aa!l1tpe~ E/;a\ptaE\~, 1taYKoa!liOl~ avaYVOlpi<mlKav, a'iJJJ. ~e~aiOl~ OeY KaVU!1E Xap'l ee Kavevav. Av U1tUPXOUV aO\KiE~ a1t61:ou~ Eupcozcloix, a~ )!ljv /;eXVU!lE «m 1:1~ «axap\m:iE~» 'tOU~ To 1913 oro Bouxoupecn J.1e rnv Kaj36:A.a, TO 1878 oro Bepoxivo )!E 't1']V ava9EropTtalj 1:0U "Ayiou L1:E<pUVOU" xm KiJptcr aTOV 1t6A.e)!0 1:0 1897 ue 1:ljV "E9vuoj E'tU1P&iu" ... To )!&YaA£io Te1:OIOlV Opjuvrooscov eA.a!l\jl& Kat otov M.A. Kat 1tpoo<paTa 0 nETaij3~ aVeA.a~E rnv 06l;a 1:OlV LlpayoU)!ljoOlV. ("Ta 1:E'tpUOta TOU 1A\v1:Ev", ., A1tO)!,Vlj)!OVEU)!a'ta TOU Kapa~i't1']")

Enu.o'10r;

"To 1tUVTa PE\", 0\ xmpoi oXAiJ.~ouv. Ta ~acrtKCt 1tpoj3Aij!la'tll tlj<; nSpoyetou a1taltouv U1tEPE9vIKij uvnuerromon. 0\ PTtxe~ aVa1c6aE~ )!E E1ttcrtPUtCUcrll reov 1tpoyOvOlV Kat 't1']V KIVOUVoAoyia on 9a xa90U)!E CIT11V EUPID1tlj, uV'tavaKAOliv 'to <p6~0 11:pOC; TO KalVOUpylO. L't1']V oucin eivat !l>ap\aaala)!~ cmv toropto )!a~ llEta~aMa!lE

y).maaa, 9PTtcrKEia Kat 1tapaOOaEI~. AKO!lTt Ka\ TO OVO)!U, E1tt olio XtA.t6:0E~ %poVta A.eyO!lam:av ProltaiolJ] Proltloi. loou Tt cruvTijpljalj, TO tOEoAoytK6 aoutl;ooo pacoeopcov ij XAa)!Uoo<popOlV p0!laV'tIKIDV 1tOU <pepvouv TTtV 1tEPIXapIlKOl<r1l nltroC; TO Vfl1tUPflKOAoU91]<JOllJlE Tl]V YEa E1tOXJ], EV&PYU erov P1l9lto Tl]<;, Eivat flvaYKulOT'ITa "MUl t£t01(1 E1ttAoy~ oivs\ flu9EvnKo 1tEp\eX0!lsvo a1:OV EK<rUXPOVta!lo. Evola<pepst vc llEtucrxOUJ.1e <J't'IV uaXlJ TOlV Olj)!LOUPYIDV rou Xp6VOIl, va tOY ovotvouue olapKw~ )!I: n~ np0l1:O~0IlAie~ )!a~" (PU!l<PG<;, "[(J'topia <JTljV KO'l''1 'tOil XPOV01l"). Ilpoxerrui ym tOY aa<paA.eaTSpO OPO)!O, aKoA.ou9cilV't~ 'tOV ue npoaoxi] I:A~01»)!E 11:111..1 ... Kat <puatKIl, oeY 9a ~ljA.t\jlOUJ.1e a1Jt06~ n01) j3aaavi~ovTat oro m:allpOOpolil. H m:6.crIJ T01)~ 9u)!i~Et 1:0 o\A.lj)!)!a 1:% WPI)!Tt<; K01tlt~, va napaJ.1eivst a1:O KAetm:6 00l)!6.1:IO ij vn ~ei e/;oo, va YVOlpiasl rqv ~Oli].

AtJ(!,UMoTOl T'lS ufTol'i~ 1\ 11:l'ro't011:01'01 <JT11v KO<J!'oyovia;

T'fANNHE rJOYNIOE EEPPEE

d0.34-MkK6A.ONIKO A.6~TIO /16

II:TOPlA

H lITO PIA TOY "PANTOBOY"·XAPOnOY

AnaVT1Ju1J TOV FlaVV!1 nOVVIOV UTOV oamcaJ.o N. B. ("IJ'J€JYPOI" Maioo)

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(2.:7:1'/\1 rrpa.nWr:lI(07:I'/Ta. 71:Wr; AEyovra.\I .)

o KMOO\; TIJ\; D.roGGoloyia<;, TonooVllJ1UllV Kal OvollaToloyia<; O&v ElVal XE1POllPYElO «ElllJvoGMIPOMITlV1KWV» lt~EooV. A&v GlllllpooVEl IlE n<; GKOnIIlOTlJTE<;

(nollTlKt<;, J1EYaI..010EaT1KE<;) Kal OEV Ell6tYypaJ1Ili1;ETaIIlE TO "E8vlKO Ka9qKov". Eival E1UGTl\IlIJ. 01 IVOoEllpoona'iKt<; yMi)GGE<;' ltVE 01 Et01KOi, £X0llV K01Vt<; lt~El<; Kat aTO YAwGG1KO

llnopa9po TOll<; (GllIlPaTlKu 2500- 2000 rr.x. KaTu TOV MallYKOllOIJ) ppiaKOVTIU 01 KOtVt<; pl~E<;. 'ETal

ot'ElllJvE<;, Ot JTaloi Kat ot I:laplKoi MIoi £X0llV TO 10tO KpaGi (Vino).

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TIJV AaKia (Pouuovtu);

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EillaaTE lKavo! Yla ilia TETOta tpEllva;

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o TUKtTO<; Kal 0 TIoliiPIO<; napaJ1Evollvolo~<i>VTaVOIGTa rEVIKU Ap:x.da TOll KPO:TOll<;, aTOll\; EKAoyIKOll<; KaTal6yoll<; Kat GTa 0IJIlOTo16yta. I:llVO:lla J1E TI<; ypa7tTt<; nIJYE<; ll1tO:p:x.EI npocpopt""1\

tpEllVa ano T1JV oEKaETia TOll 80.

ANAAY1:H TOY RADOVO*

To i;irnulO. rrov OloP1KWV T011:ffiVU~tlWV Kat &yKa'ta<nUOEffiV tXEl A.uOEi 11:pO 11:0A.A.WV oBKUEnwv a11:o 'EA.A.1]VB<; Kat Eupo)7raiou<;yA.woooA.6you<;, B101KOU<; olopoA.Oyou<; xm ava'{VooplO).ltvoU<; 1<n0P1KOU<; (EvoB1KnKu Vasmer, Zm.,,01]vo<;, MaA.lYKouli1]<; x.n.).

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1 )I'.EY U11:UPXBI lonvlKij A.e~ll Randus" (OUTB <nov Ti;up-ri;avo, OUTB am OYKoo01] A.E9KU TOU OUpA.1X, KOU).IavOUOll, TOaKaA.WrOU x.n.).

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2)H It;1J "Radovo" napaYETat ano 'TlJv 1tpID'Tool.alhK!l A.E;IJ Rad(i)=Xupl<;, XUpIOJla, Xapu Kal TIJV napayooYIK!l Ka'TUAIJ;1J 'TIJ<; nalalOolaplK1l<; yl<i>ooa<; - opo (q-po JlETO: ano <poovtJEV) 1tOll axE'Ti~ETal JlE T01t01l<; Kat 9tAa vu od;EI on II nEploxtl T01l T01tIDV1JJliou eJinepl£XEI, <ptpel, 6,TlOIll<i>V&11J pi~a Rad-.

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- TIoo~ eivm liuvaTov eva~ 'EnT]va~ va KU'teaTpe\jle Eva Tf.TOIO aplatOUPYTJ~a; Ecr~ 1:1 Af.'re;

EuA.oYl] T] arropiCl, uzpocra oru epeima TIl~ ~U6tKi]~ auTi!~ rrOA1]<;, nco TIlv nuprroAT]crs TO 33Irr.X. 0 Mty~ AA.ec,avlipo~. Km arrUvTI1crs 0 npoeOpo~.

- A~ ~T]v c,sxvu~e noo~ 0 Mtya~ AAec,avlipo~ DA9s eliw K\ <D~ eKIiIKIlTD~ 11a oce; K(l1:aaTPoq>e~ npOKUA.ecrav 01 TI I;pcre~ ornv cxpxaia EAA.alia. EiXav KU\jIel Kat TIlV AKpOrrOAT] ...

- L'.ev 9a i]Tav O~OO<;' mo ~tya~, av cre~OT(lV auTi! mv ouopqnc; c,avapOOTIlcre 0 1iT]~ocrtoypUq>o~.

- Km oi ~aAol aVTpS\; ~apuvovml ~e eyKAi]~aTCl, £ine 0 'EnT]V~ TIpoeop~.

Oco yla TOU~ TIEpcre~ cruvO~tA!]Ter;, zou KI exetvoi ~IA.oucrav )W 9aUltucr~0 Y1U 'to Mtya AUc,avlipo oa KanOta crTly~i] einav:

«EJ1Ei\j Ot nEpIJS\j ayunclJ1S TOUe; 'E1J.1)Y£\;. 0 AI.E~UyOpO\j. clll.ro<J't'E, OSY 1jTUV 'Ell1)vu\j. i]TUV MUKllOOVU\j ••• »

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rr~oo~ J.\[PMa~l1~ 1iM~cnJ~~

H SAA.l]VlKD nporraycivlia J.la~ mnlA1Se\ QUvexela Kat rrpocrrragel va nsicet TO Aao on rro'te Ssv UnDPc,s (xm, enOJ.lEV<D<;, Sev unupxel Kal crDJ.l£pa) MAKEL'.ONIKO E0NOL, on !]

Mcxeoovic sivm Ilia xnt slvrn S/'AT]VIKD, on nOTe Sev unDPc,e MAKEL'.ONIKH rM2I:I:A, aA.AU oAa awu eivm nA.acrTa Kal TeXV!]TU OT]J.lloopyDJ.lam rou Tho.

AUTa A.tve 01 OIUq>OPOt nAT]pOOJ.lEvOI KOVOUA.oq>opm (ueoto T<DV J.lUtmKOOV KovouAlOOv) wa Kat IiIUq>OpOI cro~IVlaTe\;. I:TO TeUX~ TIl~ <dOPA» No J 0, cr£A. 32, lieiX9T]KS noco \jIeUnKa etvoi Ta enlxelP1lJ.laTa TIl~ \jIeUTlKIl~ nponayuvoa~ TOO ellT]VlK06 KpaTOu~ on TuxaTS~ 0 KaK~ TiTO J.liA1]cre npOOTO~ KalOT]J.lIOUpyTjcre MAKEL'.ONlKO E0NOL KAI KPATOI:. A~ J.ltAi]crouJ.le Kat Aiyo 11a TIlV apxaia MaKeliovia J.lla «m T] eAA.T]vIKD nponayuvlia cruvexw\; avaq>epel on 0 Mtya~ AA.tc,avlip~ i!Texv 'Elll1vCl~ on<D~ xm 01 CXPXaiol MaKeli6ve~.

AKOJ.l11 K\ av i!Tav'EnT]v~ 01 CXPXaiOl MaKs06vs~ aUTO nou EXSI crTjJ.lUcria eiVat Tl y(vSTal crD~pa. Ana xm TO 1903 0 Fxorcs NTeATcrsq> J.ltAoucrs oro ovouo T<DV MAKEL'.ONnN. TIou9evu J.la nou9evu 01 MaKeli6v£~ TIl\; £naVucrTacrTj~ roo '1AlVTev oev aUToKa90pii;oVTav cov I:A.a~OJ.laKeli6ve~ 1'1 LA.a~Oq><DVOI MaKe06ve\;. MIAOYI:AN MM, AErAN «EMEII:OIMAKEL'.ONEI:».

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Ta crA.a~IKU q>UA.a KaTe~T]Kav ern vono T<DV BcrAKavi<Dv YUP<D oro 60 us 70 alwva u.X, Liyoopa unapxouv ouo ano\jlel~ ym TOU~ cxpxaioo~ MaKeli6ve~. Enst8i] aK06~ J.lOVO TT] J.llanAeupu 11a 'to tt i!Tav 01 apxaiol MaKsli6ve~ a~ ~ciA.oUJ.lS KI eJ.lci~ ~plKa ep<D'rTjJ.lanKU WU Km ri A.tyav OUK oAly01 apxai01'EAAT]Ve~ cruyypaq>s(~ yla TOU~ apxaiou~ MaKeli6v~

TIpcilTa-npwTa ncxpaJ.level ac,eKa9uplcrTo av T] yA.Wcrcra zou J.llAoucrav 01 cxpXaiol MaKeli6vec; i]Tav eMT]vlKD. Flspu !lno J.lSplKe<; emypaq>e~ us KiJpla OVOJ.lClTCl, T] apxmoAoYIKD crKUltUV'l xm T] y:l.rocrcrOA.oYIKD emcrTi!J.lT] liev £XSI ~pel Kan cruyKSKPIJ.lEvO Kat 1t£ltmKO. «Avri9STa unupxouv J.laprupie~ 11a TO avrigeTo. 0 Appwvor;, yla nupuOelYJ.lCl, nou DTav 0 «npootoaucoc» tcrTOpIOypUq>O~ TOU AUc,avopou, avaq>Epel aTO epyo TOU «AA.eE,avopou Avu~acrt<;» (=eKaTpaTsia) on orov 0 AUc,avlip~ J.ltAoucre aTOU~ crTpaT\cilTs~ TOU J.lIAoucre «J.laKslioVIKOO) 'H 0 pi]'tOpa~ Al]J1oIJ9EVrt\j, zou c' evo» oxo TOU~ AOyOU~ rou (I" WtAlrrmK~, ltClpUypaq>o~ 31) AtSI Yla W WiAlltltO: «( ... ) Oxl J.lOVO Ssv eivUl'EU11va<;, Oxt J.lOVO Sev EXel TiltOTe nou va TatPIU~et ce 'EUT]VS~, un ours Kat ~up~apor;, xou va ltel~ lto)~ ~acrTuel alto KcrAO J.l!\P~, crAM Ev~ OAt9P10~ J.laKeli6va<;, UltO TOltO arr' OltOO OUTS xcv eva avopultolio (SOOA.o) TT]~ ltPOKOnD; oev eUPlcrK~ ltpo)TlJ~epa v' ayopacrst<;».

o ItSycrAuTepo; roropuco; nl~ apxat6'rTj.a;, 0 00Ul<uoili1)r;, aq>i]vet oro EPYO TOU Ka9cxpu va svvoneet on ge<Dpsi TOU~ MaKeli6v~ ~Up~cxpou~ (~I~A. 2, 80-82). L'.T]A.aIii] J.lT]'EUT]ve~, aA.A6y:l.rocrcrou~.

LTO epyo evo; c1yv<OIJTOU cruyypuq>oo crTa TEAT] TOU 50U alwva n.X. (<<Depi ltOA1~ei(9), 22-24, 34-37) 01 MaKeo6ve~ IilaKpivOVTat alto ~OU~ 'EU1]ve~ Kat KUTaTUIJcroVTat croix ~ap~Upoo~.

L'.IUq>OPOI apxaio1 ysooypUq>OI Kat lcrTOP1KOi T<DV KA.acrtKWV Kat J.lSTUKA.a01KWV XpOV<DV, 6rroo~ 0 'EcpopO\j (alt. 143),0 'I'euoo-I:K1lMl<;

l\0;1t.\-MkK6A.ONIKO A.6k TIO ! 20

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(en. 33, 65, 66), 0 A10vUOWC; Kalll<pwVToC; (en. 24, 31- XPOVOlV ~E'rU"tTjV Avayf:wrtCll] (14~ (llwva~~.x. KUl1C1)piul~

36) Kal 0 Awv601~ 0 nEp1lJ'Y'lTtjC; geoopouv w~ ~opet(l ~eTu "tTj rnUlKtj E1[wuenaCl1] TO 1789). AUTO 1[OU crnv

cnlVOpa"tTj~ EllUO~ TTJ ypa~~Tj A~~pa1C1KOil - Ilnverou. apxalO"tTJTU geoopouv optcuevoi «e9vo~» oe Ol]AWVel 1[apU

o pTjTOP(ll; IOOKpUTI)C; oro epyo "tou «<1>iAI1[1[~» KCmOI(1 KOIVU y"-wcrmK6. K(ll 1[OAmcrnKu enOlxeia. i\einel,

(107-108) "t01[0geTei"tTj MaKeoovia et,oo a1[o rn ouvopc o~w<;, TOKupIOTep0crTOIxEi01[OUeooocreenae9vl]TTJvevOTl]T6.

"tTj~ Ell6.O~ xm xapaK"tTjpi~el '[OO~ MaKe86ve~ «ouX roue, aU"to '[0 enOlxeio 1[OU, ce TeAellTUia aVaAllcrl], ooTjYTJcre

O~Oq>uAOVYEv~». xtn <m] ola~op<pwcrTJ e9vu(1'!<; cruvEiOl]crTJ~· KI uoro TO

o M1jl>ElOC; 0 Aapu:raloc;, 1[OU eixe sxcrprrreuoet enOlxeio eivat TJ OIKOVO~IKtj ev01[0i11Cll] "tOOV 1[epIOXwv ~Ia~

~a~i fie TOV AMswopo <ITJIV Acia, xapaK"tTjpil;el roue xwpa~, evonotnon 1[01l e1[lTeUx9TJKe 1[pO~ "to '[eAo~ "tOO

0ecrcraAou<; «EAA.TjVWV ~opeIOT6.TOu<;» (Jacoby F., Meonkovc (KI oX! ore apxaia XPovla) Kal"tTj<; <peolloapxia~.

Fragmente der griechischen Historikes, 129, a1[. 1). Evoaorqon 1[01l ~1[opecre xm "tTj Ol]~IOUP'YTJcre l] wepxo~Vl],

o looKpO:TlJC; Kuvel OIUKPlcrTJ av6.~ecra os 'EM1Ive<;, ,[OTe, acrnKtj "t6.Sl]· 0 1:TUAtV, Sivovrm; TOV opiouo '[00

MaKe06ve<; KUI ~ap~upoll<; («<1>iAI1[1[O<;», 122). e9vou<; oro SfY'(O rou «0 ~apSlcr~o<; KCU TO e9v11C0 l;Tj"tTj~a»

o ptjTopac; @pao-6~axoc; (450-400 1[.X.) (rev6.PTJ<;To1l1913),yp6.<pel:

xapaKTTJpit;el TO ~amAl6. ,[OlV MaKe<iovOlV ApxeAao «'E9vo<; swm l] ioropocc ola~op<pw~Vl] enagepTj

~6.p~apo (A6y~ «Yxsp Aopiouicov», an. 2). KOIVOTl]Tn av9pwnOlv, noo e~<pwi<m]Ke n6.vw CJT11 ~6.Cll] "tTj<;

o ptjTopac; AIOXiV1JC; OlaT1l1[WVel TOV iOIO KOIVO'[l]Ta<; T1]C; yAwcrcrac;, TOll e06.<j>ollC;, "tl]C;

xapaKT11Plcrflo YI(1 "to <i>lAl1[1[O (~1]~oogeVl] OIKOVO~IKtjC; t;OlTj<; xm TTJ<; 1jIuxocnlvgeCll]<; 1[01l

«Ilepi napanpecr~eia<;», 305). fif. eKOl]AWVE'r(ll cmv KOWOTl]'ta TOU 1[OA1Tlcr~ou

'O1[0l<; ~M1[ollf18, etvor 1[6.pa 1[oAM t ':.>".7M. ( ... ) Eiv(lt(11[apai"tTjTO vall1[oypa~~leneiOTI

'[a enOlxeia oxo rnv apxa1a eAATJVIKtj Kaveva a1[o ru napa1[6.vOl YVOlpicr~aTa,

ypa~~aTeia nou cruV1jyOPOUV 1l1tl':p I SexoopICJT6.1[ap~EvO Sev eivci upxero yla

'tl]C; 6.1[01jll]C; on 01 apxai01 !" TOVOPlcr~OTOU e9vollC;. Kunnap(11[6.vw

Muxe Sove ; Sev cvnxcv o ru ~ li" ~~ <j>T6.vel va Aei1[el eenOOKal tva ano to

eAAl]VIK6. <pilAa (ru cr'[olxeia . ii»;,,;(~:' .' yvoopicr~aTU aUT6., ym vc 1[6.1jIEI TO

aV"rA1']cra~E a1[o TOV 'to u o ll~":,,," .", ...~):, "'r/:~/' t9voc;vae~v(lle9v0<;». ,

«MaKEOOvia»Tl]<; EKOO'tlKTj<; \\~ .:111' I . '. . ["i, napaKaTOO, oro 1010 epyo ypacpet:

A9TJvwv). ~~) ~~( "n, WI «Toe9v~oeveivalanAW<;~lalenOplI<11

An' au't1']v"tTjv 1[AeUpU, AoI1tOV, ~ ... ;:' • ~~! '.,' ~ 'I KaTl]Yopia, ~a fila lenoplKtj Ka"tTjyopia

01 uuprupie; etvm nvnxpooouevec, H '.;'!-.:,\\;,..!~,~ J7~~ I' ,'}1, ~I~ OPlcr~EvTJ<; e1[ox1']C;' "tTj<; erroxi]c; TOO

U1[01jlTJ nepi eAATJVIK61:TJT~ TOlV apxaioov \~'~""; ~~;:,r:;7 ava1['tucrcro~EVOll Ka1t1'[aAlcr~ou. To

MaKEOOVOlV <ITJIPit;eTal an' on <j>aiveml .~~/ npOTcre<; "tTj<; OlaAllcrTJ<; "tTj~ <peolloapx~ eivm

~ov6.xa cre Kei~eva - 1tl]'Ye<; TOOV eMl]vlenlKWv '~'[allTOXPOVa Kal rrpoTcrec; (olaoIKacria)

XPOvOlV (acpou eseMl]vi<m]Ke~ 1] cptcroxpcric ... ). cruYKPOTTJcrTJC; TOOV av9pwrrOlv ce e9vl]».

AKOf1(l 0~0l~ Kl uv OAe~ 01 flUPT1lpieC;"tTj~ erroxi]c; eKeiVl]C; Arro rn rraparruv(j) eivm cra<p€<; on Sev ~1[opou~e vc

ave<pepnv On 01 MaKE86ve~ ~IAoucrav eM1]VIK6. 1'] TjTav ~tM~e Yla apxaia «e9vl]», us "tTj Cll]~acria,[ouA6.XlcrTov xou

'EAAl]Ve~, naAl secrTpaTil;ou~e (11[0 '[0 t;l]TOUf18VO. KUI,[o oivoll~e cr1']f18pa ern MSTJ· Auto tcrxliel1tOAU neplcrcrOTepo YI(1

~1]'[ou~evo etvm uv cri]~epa Tj, '[ouMXlenov, orov TTJV apxaia EAAuOa a<pou EnpOKetTO yta TTJV mo

TeAeUTaio o.trova lln6.pXEI eva ~(l1,eOOVtKO e9vo~, 1[OAuOl(lcrrracr~EvTJ ce ~IKpOrrOAeI~ - KpU"tTj rreplox1'J rou TOTe

seX(j)plcrTO a1[O TO VeOeM1]VtKO Tj nno ro ~OllAy6.ptKO Tj arro YV(j)enou (nU6. Kat TOll 6.yvwenoll) KOcr~OU. ~ev 1ln11PXe OI\Te

aAAacrAa~tK6. t9V1]. KWenOtxelroOTJ~ nOAtm.-i] eVOT1]Ta, xooo ~aAAoV1] e9vtKtj.

nOTE DCHMATII.THKAN TA E0NH;

KI eOw epxo~aene oro oeUTepo emxsiPTJ~6. ~ac; 1[OU «XT1l1[Cu;I» oro K€vTPO '[ou l;l]Ti]~a'tO~: Mnopei Knvei~ cro~ap6. va IcrXUptcrTEi =c;1l1tTjpxav t9v11 (Oxl uovo apxaio eAATJVtKO, nU6. orrO\ooTjnOTe) ornv apX(11OTTJTa; Mnopei Kavei<; vu rcirricet aUTO nOll 01..01 Oex6f1(lCJTE cr1']~epa (j)~ «e9vlKi] cruVEIOl]CJl]» ue rnv u1[apSTJ e9vo~TjT(j)V crTOV apxaio (ell1]vIKO Kat ~l]) KOcr~O;

Onoio cro~apo, aKO~a, tM1]Va 1'] SEvO, tcrTOPIKO Kat vc KOIT6.Sel KavEi<; 9a Olamenwcret 61:1 6Ao\ otxoV"tal -xrn ewm AoYlKO nuro- rr(j)~ 11 evvoia TOU t9vOll<; -K(11 tu iOla Ta e9vTJ- etvm reropuco Ol]~loufY'(TJ~a'[oov vsorepcov xpOV(j)V. AKOfll1 Kal 11 011~loupyia e9vIKrov KpaTWV eivm Kl UllTi] IcrTOPIKO <pa1Vo~evo TOlV vscrsoev xpOVOOV, Ol]AaoTj TOOV

o ENrKEAI. riA TOn MAKEAONEI. . !.AAROn

A~ f;p90u~e O~(j)~ vc OOUflE n<; uopropie; cru veorepn XPOV1a y\(1 "tTjVunap1;TJ Mcocedovcov -1:M~OlV.

o 'EvyKE~ os 6.p9po rou otnv e<pl]~epioa Neue Rhinesche Zeitung (13 TOll r ev6.p1] 1849) yp6.<pel OXE'rIKU: «Q~ npoq TTJ YAWcrcra Kal tu 1']9l] 01 LM~01 mrroi uvrpcouv crTTJV iOla <j>llATj 6rrOl~ Kal 01 1:~0I"tTjC; TOllpKi~, ot Lep~OI, 01 Boovioi, olBouAyapol Kat Ot 0p6.Ke~ Kill MaKeOOve~ 1:M~ol, Ol]AaoTj ern <pUATj rcov A.eyO~ev(j)V NOTlWV LM~OlV ( ... ) L"tTjV rrpay~anKO"tTjTn 1] crAa~tKtj YAWcrcra aUTWV TOlV OeKa - OwOeKa e9vwv ano'[eAelTat ano tcr6.pI9~E~ a~OI~aia aKa'[aVOTJTE<:; OlaAelC'tOU<; (oo.)>>

Eivai qxrvepo eOw OTt 0 'EvYKe~ geoopei roue

d0.94-M,\..K6AONIKO A6.>... TIO /21

laKCOOV~ - Dil~OU~ XroP10'[0 ano 'tOU~ Bou):yapou~ eev~ xurus S£XroPI0nl an' am06~ yA.illooa.

L£ ilio apepo roo ornv £q>l]!1EPiOa New York Daily Tribune (7 -rou AnpiA.l] 1853) ypaq>u: «0 Lep~~, 0 B06A.yap~ 1Cl 0 Boovioc pUYla~ ij 0 LM~o~ XroPIKO~ 'tl]~ MUK£Oovia~ Kal 'tl] epalCTJ~ ( ... )>>

KAzivovr~ 'to apepo mrro vc OlJI1£tWoOUI1£ on: H B' Luvlita(lJ(£\jI1] rou «O.T.» xou npayl1u'[onOtijel]K£ O'tl] MeAi'tl] '[0 Fsvnpn rou 1997 oro ITOAITIKO roo MANl <DELTO avaq>ep£l '[0 £sij~:

«To O. T., !h;(J)P6i (01t(J)S 6c,allou, ge(J)pei Kall] CJUyxpOVl] £llpro1tll.lK1J IiIIl.VOl]CJ1]) Til. EeVl] IilJPIOVPYlJIUl T(J)V

V£(J)T&P(J)V XPOV(J)V nou aVTII.1tOKpiVOVTII.1 CJ£ CJUyKI:KPIJI&V1j ICJTOPIK1J lpaCJl] ava1t'[uSrl~ Tl]~ 1tapay(J)Yii~, T1J~ opyavroCJ1]S T1J~ epyama~ Kal T1J~ 1toA.mK1Js £c,ollIJias 1tu'YKOIJpi(J)~. nlCJTEVa Ii£, 1t(J)<; Ka9£ 69vopaTIJICJTIK1J 1tpOIJ8yyICJ1] TOll e9vIKou ~lJn1paTO~, 1tOll aVa1tOIp£llKTa IJllVOIi£U£Tal p£ 1tA.laTIJIKO erqv ICJTopia T1J~ apxal61:1JTu~, Eival EKTO~ 1I.1t0 aVTI&1tICJ'tl]pOYIK1J KUl1tOA.ITlKa £C,Ulp61:1Ka E1tlKivlillVl] 'Y1Il TqY £IPtlVl] Kat T1J IilJPOKPII.Tia».

(Tu o,[OLXEia yux rou; Apxaiou~ MaKEli6ve~ eivm uno '[0 apepo xou 1il]110ol£Utl]KE OTI]V Eq>l]I1EpiOU «NEA ANATOJ\H» enc I 5 ~£K. 1992).

EKl:VrXPONII.MOI. "H AnOAYTO KITI.·

«. . .Turti oev unapXE1 KPU<pO zou Ii£ ea yivel eovepo,

OU,[E anoKpuq>o zou O£ ea yvroplot£i.» Knrn AOUKcl MK. 17

AHA.ill:H - AllANTH1:H 'fOtl rtUVV'l Iloeviou

Fta n~ avru5pa(JBl~ (ITO (JIOlIPOKa(ITpO

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Eliro KI eve» alrova ypcl<pn]Kav 1toA.A.a pl~A.ia Yla lOU<; 'YTJyevei<; l1aKwOVe<;, 01..01 evDla<pep6TjKav vu tOu<; 110P<ProoOllv. 01 avn<paoet<; n]e; ~roi]e; Kall] 1tapa1toiT]Ol] (~A.e1te H ZQH EN TA<DQ LTp. Mupt~ijA.T]<;) aVclYKaoe npxeroix; vn l1eA.e~oOUV tOUe; eautOue; TOUe;, tOY ~roVtCtVO 1tOA.ltlol10 rrov ouyxroplavolV tOU<;, !leoa erov xrovo. '01tOOe; Kat vc to KaVOU!le, rnv tomKT] urropic - 1tp.v to 22- tl]v KatexOuv KaAUtepa arro rou; wou<;

'E·<o1, Sev ePI1T]Vwro ru yeyovota ue ~Ol] 110VO rnv rrapaDOOl], roe; eA.e66epoe;, £il1a. rravta us TIC; ~e~a.otT]tee;. H oul.\l.\etoxi] el;6.Uou crnv «l]l.\etepa rralOeiCtl) Kat ota apxatOeA.A.I]V.K6. tOeroOT], us oioase v· al.\<PIO~T]Tro Kal vn eA.8yxro tIe; rrATJPo<popie<;.

TeA.IKcl,

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Ave Homo! Tete oou )\v6prorre,

tOU Ilcpovtocxm tOU Millovtoe;.

Y.f Itatoo; (av006e; ayyt.love;: «Ap;(i,am:oyvwuiCU;, ovotumovexloxevnc»

I)KvKAOIpOP'Wav TOV MaIO To. «lEfPALJJA TOY IAlNTEN» TOV 'ltova LJpayovWI (flpo(tvov Eeppd» 1903). EV(Jlarptpovuee; Yla TOl' M.A. ot oesioe; (Ii '- of, 5, 21 - 27, -159 K. a Fia 'rtf v y.lwuua fWV Bopeuov Eeppakov UV'f UV_ 623. Fia TOVe; epaate; 'rtf, YVcOrRle; «ca oooo; oev P1ttpOcVovv TI1" errlurr,P'1 ue "Iv eOvIK;' oovsionon npotsivovtat F:1rill11c:: To uVyypoppa TOV Ikxvex. Kpfrr'le; «H lETOPIA 'rtfe; DlMae; erov 200 oubva», TO. eK1ro.v;'l'o:ra rov LJ. AIOo~60v, 'I O{JOpoyparpja TOV lOY UV'fv£rplll'epioaEAEYGEPOTYflfA, «H AflAFOPEYMENH rAQEEAJl "" MaiJp'1e; Aknac , x.a: Aemouepiotepa oionelo; y,a KaOt XWPIO 'rtfe; F:1rO{JXiac;, {Jpi(JIcel 0 epeovmm; ura t'tvllal. APxtia TOil Kpatoix; (llap6.prt,pa otu; Eeppee;, xiaco oxo T'I Aw,(1'/ A{IWpo:rIlCcOv) urove; 7CiVaJ(£e; TO!) ETpa:rOO xa: 'rtfe; LJIOIK'1U'le; TOU 1915 7COU 7CPOUP&TpCt. TOVe; V)."vOrpWvOve;. A rroKpurpee; w.;'Ow;e; ;rov i.UTpdJVOUV wro TO «XelpovPYl':io 'rtfe; Xapv{JO'le;I>.

Tnv amotma Yla ''IV xopaxavca xouurtoan b7rlxelpei ° oxaonuatxo; A1C. BaxW.01COU).Oe; fJ1: II1CPOUOOpo. "Ic: E,. Moxebovoaav E7CovCicOv 1987.

01 «E/u.a/1'1viee;1> 'rtfe; Bvr;avmJlle; xotvonosneku; ovaoepovuu oxo o).oue; TOUe; tatoptxoiu; (=01''1 Kal ura "GEMATA IETOPJAD) B' Aoxeion) KlJJ CIOIIO; uveia exovv YlaTove; «Ispouovne;». Envtatatca, ° (Jl)).).0Y'Koc;ropoe;MAKEL10NJA "le; AKao. A OrWcOv.

IT) BpulI':0l'aare tTTO rf,}-oc; plCU; 1:1rfJX1ie;, WOV (JVYh'pDVOVTo.. ovo KoapoL H v0l'0w£.a xapuyv.ti Epcit;, va aovpc "I aotpia lWV P'''PfUV "at KaTO.tppOI'epivwv, va "araypal/fovpe TIl" a,'wvvpia 1'ovt; r.a va al£v"oJ.livo.vpe Tit; rncPX0}UJl'ec; yeveit;. Fta TO. pW.o,' TIlt; Ko.lI'fIJV'Kl/t; Iooppordac, TIft; xapat; Kal1'l'/t; Ayan:I'/t;- ,0o.li T.1rpi1Ce., va aKCtpTopat1T& Kat va n:parrovpc eJ.cIiOcpa.

Ki av '1n1X'1par;avvI/fmaCl llJC;rovV)."I'1ro,ar; rrpoTlptjao.vpe ,'apcivo.vpe a"Opw1rO. (MapKOe; Avp,j)~oC;, ElI EAYTON)

fiO~4-MA.KeAONIKO A&\, TIO /22

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ptoxouue cro ~1~l.io ron «<I>llcrtKi1~ roue a1[O xapa, YlUn pyijKe C1nO 'tTl [u\aT] evu~ )1£y6.A.o~

C1n6.v6ta)lro) )lC1~ TT]V 6.<p1]O'e 0 pi]yu~ npwTU e1[C1VUO"tn'tT]~ xm eX'rpo~ rouo (a. 61-62).

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crUyxpovo PaAt<UVlt<O KP6.T~, )teau Peiotn Kal allov, Prol'lOi, I:EP~OI,

oro ozoio 6ui;06O'IIV IcrO'tI)lU OAa rn MaKEoovE~, Bl6.xol KI APl'EVIJOI:~,

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cru)1~iwaT] rov PUAKUVIKWV AnWV, KMPU TroV 1tapan:avro llepWV» (GeJ~ 9).

)tEa(l a' eva 1lVeV)lC1 q)\AIKij~ KUI «0 <PEOIlOUPXIK6~ rpozo; 1[Upayroyij~»

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«0 PHrAE1JEPAIOEKAlHBAAKANIKHOMOEflONLJ1A» (J(J. 6-7, 9, 56, 60-62, 95, 123, 153.

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TeAl] rou fevcipl] TOU 1997 1tt9ave n PouA.a KOUlCOVA.oU, 1tOU T]Tav l] yuvaiKa TOU Nixou ZaxapUlOl] TOU r.r 'rl]<; K.E. roo KKE. 0 «l'tI;Oamleml<;» uq>ttproae aeA.ioe<; OI..OKA.1]pe<; ym 'rl] I;roT] 'rOU IltA.ou<; Tl]<;. 0 «I'» rnv I1tll1t'rTJ 23 Fsvepn 1997 avaOl]1l0aleVet ivo. ap9po 'rl]<; 1tOU eiXe 01]1l0crteuTet 'tOY A1tplA.1] rou 1948 oro 1teptOOtKO «d1]1l0KpunKo :E'tpa'to<;», aeA.. 130, IlE gella «H yuvaiKa cro L'I.:E.E. (L'l1]1l0KpanKo<; :E'tpa't<X; EA.A.aoa<;)>>. TOTe l] 1'0VA.a KOUKOVA.OU U1ttypacpE ue 'tuapxtKuP.Z. (01]1... PouA.aZaxaptaoou).

To ap9po UUT01tOU avu&T]llomeucrat ornv ecpT]llepioa TOU KKE oev eival OA.OKA.l]PO. Xropi<; va Mro 1tro<; K01tT]Ke em'rl]Oe<; tvu KOllllun, eyro oro <'tp9po uou coro 9a ypu'Vro nero-to KOllllun 1tOU K01tT]Ke, Kt acpopuellu<;.

Ti tA.eye 'to aT]llEio sxsivo;

«EYIVt TO fevapl] TO (J\)VEOP10 'too NOcJ). l:'t0~ 500 aV'tl1tpooro1tO\)~, 01 250 ll'tav Y\)VaiK~. OUT& lua aV'tap'tlooa liev llTav (fT0 OUVWP10 va 1lt.l1\CJI;l Kal va 'tl<; Ev901l0UIOti Yla 'to (J'tpa'to, tvro EXOllll& 'to(Je~ 1tPOl't01tOp~ ol.apollaKeli6vlooe~ llaJ(:1\'rpIE'»>. c!>aV'tai;eme; 'EXet u1tap1;et 1tO'te KOlllla OXt 1l0VO ornv EA.MloU aA.A.a a' OI..OKA.T]pO 'tOY xoouo 01tOU ot utooi uvrerpoomzot va 'Vat fYN AlKE:E;

:E'rO Se ap9po 1:11<; I'.Z. 1taA.I oro 1teplOOtK6 «dHMOKPATIKO:E :ETPATOL», A1tpiA.1]<; 1949 ('t.4) 1tOU uvacpepcrat ornv Il] I1ANEAAAL'lIKH :EYNMA:EKE'PH TID.: I1.d.Er - H fYNAlKA LTHN TIAAH rIA AEYTEPIA KAl EIPHNH 1tOU ?tpaYlla't01t01T]9'lKe 1-8 Mepmrou 1949avacpepet:

«Ilcvrou smpev l]9IKt<; UIlOlpt<; Kat Ilcrilllu?tPO<; nlli1 'rl]<; :EuvOtaO'Ke'Vl]<;, 01tro<; 1] BamA.lKT] Avnotnomdou (Toisxu) 1tOU U1tooxt9T]Ke 0'1:T] O'UvtA.euO'T] va 1tapelllE'raA.AIO avopeia<; Kttcp'tacre ml] LuvolacrK8'Vl] u' aUTO)}.

Ilcpuxarco avacptp81:

<2eaT]KOllla tylVe Kal ore A.ev'tepa xropta. Movo 'ta ileAl] 'rl]<; Ac!>Z ere Xropui c!>A.<ilplva<; Kat Kncropun; OOVA.e'Vuv ue alltAA.a yla 'tT] LUVOIUcrK81j1l] xrn 1tpocrcpepav oro d.:E., 425 l;eUyl] KaA.'tcre<;, 373 OIca08<; IlaA.A.i, epyaA.uv 45 cvrepncce; a1t' 'ta Ka'texolleva KI evicrxucrav ue rpoqnu« ru VOOOKOIWIa».

«01 uvnnpootoaot rtov A.eVteprov xropt<ilv eoet1;,uv TO eau Ila ?tOU eX81 Kallet l] A.atKT] e1tavumacrT] oro zpoocono rev yuvalKrov 1tOU KUpepvav o ru xropla TOU<;. H LA.UpOIlUKeOOVtcrcru AA.81;nvopa, avn1tpOeOpO<; 'tOU E?tapXtaKOU c!>A.<ilplva<;, epak 'ta 1tPOPA.T]IlUTU xt eorocre 'rl] "U0'11 yta'rl] I;roT] 'tOU Xroptou».

«L'rl] LuvouicrK8'V1] cpUVT]Ke 1] lleyaA.1] O'UIlPOA.ll 'rl]<; crA.apOllaKeli6vlcrcru<; O'TOV ayrova nouvm xt ayrova<; yla 'rl] A.emepla'rl] OIKT] 'rl]<; xmtou A.aoV 'rl]<;' ym'tl]v 8eVIKT] rou; U1tOKU'tUcrTUcrt1· H YPulllla'tea<; 'rl]<; A.c!>.Z. 1llA.l]O'E ytu TI1V a1t<lvTT]O'T] 1tOU Sivonv orov CPumcrllolle n<; 3.000 llaX1]'tpw<;

1tOU ?t0/.£1l0VV crT]llepU oru; YPulllle<; TOU L'I.:E. Kat 'tT]v OI..O'VUXT] O'UlllleTOXT] 'rl]<; crA.apOIlUKeli6vlcrcru<; orov uyroVU. Toviorrpcs cuv 1t0A;U'tt1l1] KUTUK'tT]O'T] l] eVOTI]TU 1taA.1]<; 'tT]<; eU1]vWU<; Kat crA.apOllaKe1)6Vtacra<; Kal 1] avuYKrJ 'tT]<; uypU1tVT]<; 1teptCPPouP1]crT]<; 'rl]<;. Til OVVUIl1] KUI 'to a?tA.ro IlU 'rOU A.atK06 Ila<; ayrova t0811;8 aK61la KUt l] O'UlllleTOXT] rev yuvatKrov 'rl]<; TovpKtKrJ<; IlEtOVOTI]TU<; ern LUVOt<'tcrKeIjl11· H A.a:iK11 e1tuvacrmO'T] epak Kat oro 'rl] crcppayioa<; 'tl]<;. LTO PT]lla lliA.1]cre 1] Toupxicou uvnzpoocixoc 1tOU sivm fI6A.o<; 'rOU E1tupXmKOu :EuIlPou/"iou. H yuvaiKa 1tOU zptv A.iya xpoVta geropei't0 TO mo <p1JmK6 vnvm Ot1tA.oIlUV'taA.rollEVT] orov ovrn»,

«To KOlllla 1tOU om1tUlouyroyei to A.a0, 01tro<; Kat TO AKE, to NO<l>, 1] EI10N ... »

NAl AYTA EfI'Ac!>E TOTE H P.Z. TOTe 1tOU eixav avaYKrJ tT]<; MaKeoovlacra yuvaiKa.

Kat1;avu 1taA.t 1] P.Z. oro iotO 1teplOOtKO exetvoo ron Katp06 oro TeVXO<; 6 (lOYNHL 1949) uvacpepcrat ornv T acpe-ra «ouv mv T acpe'tu'rl]<; 18 'ta1;. 1tOU ue TOV 1]Pro1crllo 'rl]<; tylVe l]ye'tT]<; a' OA.o TOTIlT]1lU TIl<; a'rl] )lam})·

L'tT] Se OiKl] 'tlJS 'rl]V aVOl1;l] TOU 1960 1] P06A.a KOUlCoUA.oU crnv U1tOA.oyia Eixe ?tet:

«H etm<; TOU KOIlIlUTO<; sivm KaeapT], I;1]Taet 'Y\(l n<; lletOvOTqT8<; toonuin VOIlIKT], 1tOA.lTIKT], eK1taIOWTlKT]». TIPOEdPOL: dev exouv8 ioonuic OA.oI Ol 'EMl]VE<; Kat ot usiovomtsc;

KOYKOYAOY: AUTO /;1]TaEt KUI TO KO)llla )lOU xt Oxt 'tOY OIUIlEA.taIlO.

:ETPATOdIKHL: TI KUTU'Yroy1]<; etvor ol:EA.apOIlUKeoove<;; KATHrOPOYMENH: :EMPOI TI1<; MaKeoovia<;. Eivm lleIOVOTT]TU UV&yVropwlltvT] Kt U1tO 'tOY Bevtl;et..o.

L'tO O'T]IlEio nuro 0 1tpoeopo<; U1tOPaA.A.el aA.A.e1tilll]A.e<; eproTllaet<; YlaTI TO KKE OlltAei 'Yla ioovouiu rrov :EA.apOllaKeli6vrov, ucpov \)1tUPXet.

KOYKOYAOY: fUlTi 11 loovollia llmlp')(£l Ka'to. TO l:i>V'rUYllo., aAM eyro 1tOll eyevv1\6qKa Kt t~l]oa 0T1J MaK&()ovia stpro 't1 TpaplIsav 01 I:A.apOllaK£Mvt~, l()iOl~ a1to TTJv oIK'ta'topia TO\) M&'tUsu. llA.1}pOlVUV 1tpOlJ'tlpO oTav'tO\)~ aKollYuv vu P1AGIlV TTJv yJ.rooou 'to\)~.» OeA.. 91.

AU'ta Kt aA.A.a 1toMa A.tyav exeivo TOV xcipo TU meA.eXT] TOU KKE orov E)lcp6A.I0, ml<; oIKe<;.

Tropa nA.tve;

NiKOr;EUK.

MAR lJHTH: 01 ,1[KEJ; rIA KATAEKOlJElA THN ANOIEH TOY 1960 ETHN A8HNA - LVyXPOYrI E1COxil-A()~l'a 1988.

l.l. le aUn xeipsvo tau «PIi;oO'1taO'TT]}), 61Croe; Kat oe lIA.eia-ree; 1tIJyec; TIle; e1tox~e; eKeiV'lC; 0 «lA.apOllaKel5Qvac;» Kal '1 «lA.a~OllaKe06V1o(l» a1l0KaMuvtat Kaeapa MaKe06vac; Kat Moxeoovion.

d0.3A-M)"K6AONIKO A6'" TIO /24

ILTOPIA

o KanETaV TKONOl:

C "eva 7r:P°rrY°V/UJVO rc6xor; TY/r; <dOPA», No 9, 0 ovva.ycuvUTrlk LJrtfJr,rprtr; Ilanaonuntpio» avaoipeica O7OV rKOVO ndJra.. EydJ ea. ovaeeptk» 070 rKOVO 7r:OV eivai /lillov

~WrpOpcrIKO npoaomo ono rov rKOVO Tubta, npooovdx; viot; r, avyy£vr,r; rov.

To «eluevo 7r:OV a.KOAOV()d eivai oinoixno

ono to {31/WO rov eANAJ:H MHTJ:onOYAOY (J:'r:a.vpor;) - J:TA MAKELJONIKA BOYNA - TO 300 J:YNTArMA TOY EAAL To {31{3Aio

avospipetai OT1'fV ttepiooo T'1r; Ka.roXr,r;:

* * * * *

«Ee A.i'Ye~ Jlipe~ 11 oj!uoa a1Yt1lj!~ e<netAz cruvooeia ornv eopa .01) L1)VtuYj!a'to~, orov ApxuyyeA.o, recospu; uvope~. To HffiPYIl IlOYlllj!a 1] lCane1:UV 1lCOVO lie 101)~ rpeu; ')'l01)~ 101). T01)~ cruVEA.U~CXV ucr'tepcx uno eVtOA.TJ 't1]~ 1t0A.tn1C'l'J~ opyuvwcrl]~ Tf]~ E1tupXi~ nCXtuvi~ oro OP0l10 =0 TI]V A~101)1t0A.1] 1tpO~ TO XWptO T01)~, 't1]V Koorcvepn. 1IlPU;CXV CX1tO 'to 1tui;upt, 1t01) ytvOtCXV lCeivlj 't1] !!EPCX ornv A~1061t0A.ll A1to KOVtU qrnxvet lCut crljl1etroJ!CX TIle; WICXe; TI 0A.tn1C'l'Je; oPYWWcrlj<; 1t01l E"-eye 1tffie; Ot cruA.A.1]q>9M~ E1tpe1te vcx Kpu't1]90uv fficr1tou vcx q>9ucrouv 'tcx crxE'tllCU mOtxeia ')'la '01)e; A.6youe; cr6UlllVll~· TIOtOe; ijTcxv 0 Ka1tetw 1lCOVO<; lCal Ylari 'tOY cruvEA.a~aV;

o lCa1tE'tw flCOVO~ TJtClV cero ro xwpt6 Kccrnvepn, «crA.aj30I1CXlCe156va~)}. I:'[ov lCatpO 't1]~ t01)pKOlCpati~. 01]A.. npw to 1912, EiJ(E avaKaTeuTE1 f1£ TOll<; I..EyOj1£VOll<; "aKEoovo"uJ(Oll<;. EiXe avaoetxgei oe 07tA.cxpJ(ljYo rev fWKeoovOj!uXwv Kat oeo·IlA.WfleVO~ ex9po~, tWV B01)Ay6.pWV. 'Hrnv ano 101)~ A.eyofleV01)~ YKpeKOflavou~, 't01)<; e~eA.AljVlcr9Me<; 01]ACXOTJ I:A.cx~OflaKe156vee;. Fin rnv «Spnon» lOU ouv j!aKeoovoj!uX0<; eixe 1tUpel Kat oi1tA.rofla e9vIKcilV ll1tljpecrtffiv CX1t0 .0 EU1lVtKO Kpceroc, Kat, av 9Ufl·clflUt lCcxA<i, KtTJj!cx.a orov 1tA06crto lC6.).L1tO tWV Furvvrrotov, crnv =o~paj!eVlj Ai).LVrJ.

H aA1]geta Eivat 6Tt amo<; ° o:v9prono<; am vuha TOll Eixe E1tl009ti (JTlj A1JcrtEia. Kat Tlj (tI)""Etox1j TOll (J'rt<; EVOnAe<; O"O:OE<; TroV "aKEOOVO"O:Xrov T1JV XPll(Jl"onoi1](JE "OVO Kat "OVO YUl va. A1J(JTWEI TOIJ~ (Jll"na'TpUO'TE<; 'TOll Kat T1JV yllpro neploXIl (tI)KOCjlaVTroV'Ta<; TOll<; (Jav BOIlAyap01l<; KAn. 'Hrnv IjlOPEPO<; Kat O:vei..EljTo<;. Am1] 1]TaV 11 «e9V1,,-1j» TOU 1l1tl]pE(Jia Yla TIlV Moia aVTa"eiljl91lKe lIe TOV ayrovI(JTlKO'TiTAo TOll "aKEOOVO"O:XOll.

Tropu lOV 9uIlTJ9ljlCe 1] Ilv.iopllcrlj. Tov ~PTJlCe xrn otU1tpcxyj!a.e60Vtcxv j!ni;i 't01) va e~acrKT}crel OA.O .0 KUpO<;

.01) lCal'O q>o~o 1t01l evexvee ern y6pw crA.cx~oCjlOlVCX XWptU ')'la vc 01tAlcr90Ilv lCal aUtO<; 1tPOcrW1tlK6. va 1]Yl]gei <nOV ay<ilva Ka'tu rrov uvreprov.

AU'te~ .t~ eporrotpoxle; lCUI OIIl1tpaYJ!CX'[cUcrele; 101) KCX1te.uv 1lCOVOU J.!B rnv TIAO aV'ttA.TJq>9ljKe 1] OPYUVUlcrlj Kut eowcre eno/.TJ va cr1)A.A.1]q>gei. Kat tOOPIl ~ptcrKO'tCXV xpcroupevo; j!e '[01)<; ylOU<; 't01) crnv Eopa .OU LuV't6.yj!a'to~.

Tn oell'teplj j!Epa 't1]<; KpclTljcrf}~ rou; .01le; KaMcra oro ypaq>eio '[lj<; D.lOilCljcrlj<; vo 1:ou<; yvwpicrw, va crui;lj'tT}crw j!ni;i lOU~ Yla va ow1tffi~ crKE1t1:0VtClt Kat nuv9pw1t01 eivci.

TIpllyj!anKu 0 Ka1tetUV 1KOVO<;, znp' oAa rex e~V'ta nuvUl KU'[W )(povla '[01), TJmv eva<; uvopa<; J.!B 1tOA.U yepi] KPUcrlj, crKA1]PO<;, OUVIlj!llCO<; Kat j!ta lcrJ(Upi] 9EA.1Icrlj. I:Tlj crui;TJTljcrlj OlUtTJpljcre 0A.1] rnv 'lfUxpat).Lia lOU. 'Eoet~e 1tOVljPUl lCat Ol1tA.ro).Laria. Mou 011]YTJ9ljKe rnv toropiu 't01). T1]v zcpouotcoa e9vtlC~, aywvlmuOI. ApvTJ91jKe Kuge e1taq>~ us 1:0U~ fep).LavoUc; TJ rnv TIAO. I:lCEq>TljKa f!TJnw<; ijTllV 51)va't0 VIl emopucrel 1tUVW tOU Kat 'tOU e~'Y1]cra ue U1tO).LOvTJ lCa~ IlPKetTJ ~upcr1j 1:OU~ crKOn01><; T01) e9vllCOllneAe1)gepWTIKOU aywvu, 01t0!<; TOUe; lCa90pii;et 'to EAM. Tov e~6pK1crcx, onv 1tcxAt6 j!aKeoOVOf!uXO, nou EA.eye on eivrn, va ueivst mmo<; crTlj A.eu~epul lCat Ilv~upTljcria roo eU1]VtK01> A.cxo6. H 9Ecr1j evo~ 1tcxAlOll CXYWV1crtTJ eivat VIl nai~et 1]YenKo POAO orov KUKA.O 1t01> ~picrKe'tcxt Kat vn OOOcrEt r«; ol)vuj!et<; lOU oro crljf!eptvo ayoova 'tOU E9v01)~.

Le flla crnY).LTJ arXtcre vc oalCplli;et Kat J.!E cruyKiVllcrlj (OeV ~EPU> oure .ffipll aVi]mv npocxorqrn) Mel:

Eyffi ~pe L'tallpO, 1taloi j!01), va n6.pro OnA.o vc XW1tT}crw 'to Aao Kilt va ~A6.IjIW 'tOY ayoova; E f!eva a1to rnv npooTl] crnY).LTJ E1tpe1te va us Kp6.i;a.e KOV1:U crll<; Kat 0 KIl1tE1UV fKOVO~, 1tapOA.cx Ta yepUj!aTU TOU, eixe 1tOAAa va 1tpocrq>epel. Mu Sev eivrn apy6.. KCXt nne ow Kat 1tEpa nv E).L1tlmcugeiTe orov Ka1tE'tw fKOVO 911 oei'te 1t0l0~ eivca KUL ri KaATJ OOU"-eul ).Lnopei va KWel.

- Mn 01 ev€pyele~ con A.8ve on upXlcre~ IllCP1~ffi~ 'to avri9eto vn Kaveu;.

- Mzpe Sev eivm otocro. T' OP"iI;Ofllll orov ay<ilva 1tOU EXro lCUj!et.

- TOte ')'lllri oev 1tI,1]criai;e~ 't1]v oPyuvwcrlj rou xwpl06, aq>oll TJ~epe~ OTl1)nUPJ(el Kat TJ~epe~ xrn 11l1tpOOW1ta zou oouAe6ouv ornv oPYUVWcrlj;

- Mzpe ue aU'tou~ vu KUtcrW yw va KOI)j3eVttUcrw. AUlOi OA.ot mElCoV't1ll ).L1tOyLIl Xllfl1]A.6tepa a1to lOV Knasrcv flCOVO. Eyw TJgeAa Ka1tetavaiOl vup90uv va j!e Bpoov. Turri Sev ue q>wv~aTe ecrei~ vn ).LtA.i]cr01)J.!E; Na 1tpocr1tEcrel 0 Kcererov 1KOVO<; croix; xgecrtvo1><; 501lAOI)~ rou! - NUt nUU ~M1tet~ auroi oi Xgecrtvoi 001lA.ot cou onuepn lCa900TIYouv 'to Aao evw ecr6 crexeom nap6.j!epa Kl alCofla wOl~e~ cxAtcr~epimll J.!B rouq ex9po1>e; 101) MOil. Ot x'temvoi cou 001lA.oL ~M1tete; eixcxv 't1] l51lva).L1] va os meiA.ouv xpnrouuevo eo<il.

- Auroi ov eiXllv f!1)aAO 9a ue lCaA.ollcrav vo us ~6.A.ouv apX1J'Yo roue lCl ' oXt va ue mucrouve j!1tllfl1tEcr1Ka oro 5po).L0 1I01l r1lpll;a).Le rn nlllolu ).L01) a1t' Tlj OOU"-elU ).L01).

d0;1A-MkK6A.ONIKO A.~ TIO /25

- Ta crrmXBia KaltB1:UV1£ ltOl) EXOUIlB O&V OIlIlq>UlVUVB IlB '[at.zyoll&Vu cou.

- AKouaB va (01) nco. LU q>aivBaat 1l0Pq>UlflSvO~ Kat A.ayIKO~ Uvep(J)1tO; ltapOW ltOU eiotn VEO~. Avri va Ku9Baat xrn va moreue«; aU,[E~ -ru; IVE1)'[tE~ Kal OIlKOq>llvriB~ reov EXeprov 1l0U, ltOU VOlli~ouv on ~p1']KIlV rropu rov KIlIPO va ue EKOIKT]90uv, KIlM,[BPIl elVIlI. vc IlB 1lq>1']aEI~ va KIl'tE~Ul oro XUlPIO Kill yoo Kill 'til ltatOIU 1l0U Kat rots ea oe~ n ac,i~Et 0 Knaetnv F KOV~. Auro EXUl va cou ltUl Kat Eif.IUl om OIUeeaT] all~ ytaTI IlltOpehB vn IlE KUVB1:E on eeM,[E. AAW ltpoaec,'te OIlUl~, 0 ayoovll~ elvm oiKatO~ Kill eeMI oiK(lIe~ 1tpru;B~. Av Ila~ Kuve,[B KIlKO ell KUvB1:E KaKO crov uydrvn. 0 KIl1te'tUV fKOVO~ eXEt OVOIlIl Kat Kiipo~. Kat o"-a au'tu '[a ~u~el cro KaA.O rou ayrova. KA.eivoullE 'tT] aul;i)'[T]aT]. Lav eusivc 1l0VO~ crKEQ>'tollouva:

- Na 1tUPBI 0 OIUOW~, 1l1']1tUl~ T] opyUvUlml e1tBaB ec,Ul; Av 'tOY XaWaOUI1B KI' corov Kill '[a 1tIlIOIU 't01) rt ell yivet; Av 1:0V Kepoiao1)lle ue 1:0 flSPO~ Il~ eivci q>avepo 01:1, yta 'tT]V nBpIOX1'] Kal 1lUA.lma 'tT] anYIli) aUTi) nou T] aV'tiOpaaT] Kilt 01 Fspucvot KUVOUV TO nllv yta va oltAiaouv Kool10 Ka'[u '[00 ayoovll, ea etvoi 1l1:yUA.T] Il~ Bmruxia. Xpe1lll;6Tav noM npoaoxT] oro XBtplallo.

Mlti)Ka ce IlByUA.T] crKSIVT]. Ilsipu IlltO 'tS't011l ltpuYllaTIl OBV dXIl Kill ltpoana90uaa vu ltpoaavuTOA.lcrrOO 1l0VO~ 1l01). Jlpoznvro; OBV Illtopoiiall vc KaTUAu~Ul uv IlIAOUaB BIAIKPIVU IlUTO~ 0 YBpOV'tOAUK~T] IlB BioB veopo Kill ~UA.9T]KB VIlIlB YEwaEt Yill va yAmOOaBI. Auro ue ~aauV\aB ltOAU. LB OUO IlEPB~ q>9UVBI aUvoBallo~ IlltO 'to XUlPIO 't01) KUltB1:Uv F KOVOU, 'tT]V Kocrcvepn. H Kamavepi) i)TUV Eva a1to ru mo KaW opvovouevc XUlPIU 'tT]~ lteplOxT]~ IlU~. '0),01 01 KUTOIKOI L"-a~ollaKeoove~ OOallEvOI, 01 xepiocorepoi, orov aywva EIXallB i)0T] xm apKe'[ou~ aV'tuPTB~ U1t' nuro TO XUlPIO, 61tUl~ TOV ltaAIO KOIlIlOUVlmT) Bllyys)'T] KOUPAT], TOV Kecrc fmao Kat ulloll~.

o aUvoeallo~ Il~ sq>epB aT]lleiUlIlIl. To cvoiyooue. 'Hrov eva UltOIlVT]lla 'tT]~ OpyuVUlaT]~ TOU XUlplOii. ZT]"tOUOB va aq>i)oouIlB BAeU9Bpo"tO fKOVO Kat '[a ltatOlu '[OU. Alllro~ 90. olxamei 'to XUlPIO Kal 9a rivel KaKo f.II:yUAo, YIUTI 0 fKOV~ sxel IlByUAo aOI. nOAwi nzo '[0 coi rou elval opyavUlflSvm i) 0Illllta90iiv 'toy ayOOva. l'J.ev mcreuouv on 0 KU1tB,[UV fKOVO~ exel eltaq>i) flB rqv UV'tiopaaT].

To 1)1tOIlVT]lla '[eMiUlve E,[OI: nil 'to KaA.O rou XUlPlotJ Kilt '[OU ayoova va 't01)~ aq>i)OB1:e eAeUeepou~. To unOypaq>av 156 ovouuru, OWl 01 0PYIlVUlflSv01 '[01) XUlPIOii, KllIltpOO'to-npw'tO TO ovouu roo rtoopYlJ l'J.ao1'l'tT], KOllf.IUT\KOU ulteii91)vou '[01) XUlploii.

AUT6 i)'[av nOAu 00~ap6 /;i)'tT]lla. Tloio; Bixe OiKatO 1'] ltOAmK~ 0pyuvUlml 'tT]~ Bnapxi~ ltOU 1;T]'[ouae rnv KpU'tT]aT] '[01) i) '[0 XUlpl6 Kat llUA.lcrra '[0 opyavUlIlEvo XUlPIO; LKBq>TI1KaflB ltOAU ue '[11 Ult6AOma I1EAT] 'tT]~ I'J.lOi1CT]aT]~ Kal. '[01)~ UA.A.oU; 0IlV'tp6q>01)~ ron BlttTBMiou Ila~.

<IlUlvUi:,aIlB Kill 't0~ rsccepu; oro ypaq>Bio. 'Huncruv 01

'[ psu; Ila~, 1'] r.;======::::;;;;;;;;;;;;::;;;-l

I'J. 10 I K T] c n . M6A~ Illti)KUV Ileaa Ila~ Kohac,av 6AOI r 0 1) ~ xapalC'tT]pIOTIKU speuvrrrucn. 0 yepo~ Ila~ '[pllltUel lCUPIOMXnKuflB r nv u e t Io tn u u r t n r o u , yellu'[o~ aVT]OIlx(a. M6AI~ Kuelaav '[o~eilta:

- Ku x e r u v fKOVO TO XOlPIO oa~ ue YPUIlIlIl r ou xp o ; '[T]

OlOiKT]OT] '[OU Eniua VIr; Foousvtaoox;

LuvTuYlla'[o~ L- ~ __ ~ ~

~T]'[UeI va aa~

aq>i)oouflB eMugepou~. EyyuuTal ylU one, T01)~ oooaaflB ma Xepla '[01)~ '[0 YPulllla. To Koi'[ai:,av us avaKouq>laT] ltpro'tll, us OtJy1CivT]aT] uorepc, Kat ltpoageoll alleoOl~.

- Eiouors eMueepol. Ta UA.A.a '[a exou)1I: nst, Na c,avaOllvaV'tT]90ii ue ocv OIlvaYUlvlcrre~ Kat q>iAOt Kat ltOTe oavex9poi.

Me ilia ltOAU eltt~AT]nKT] Kal geallanK1'] KiVT]aT] aT]KroVB1:at 0 KllltB1:Uv fKOVO~, aYKaAI~el TO YBPO-OIOI"-rrn1 Ila<;, ce OIlVExBta Kat Ila~ KalAeel flB POupKOlIlEva Iluna.

- Tropn ma ltBlmT)Kalle on 0 ayo)V~ sivm Kal. OiKatO~ xm Ill:y~. Km T] 1tpul:,T] TUlV cruyxUlPIllVOOv Il~ eivaIIlByUA.T]· Tropu 9aoehe n ac,il;el '[0 amn TOO fKOVOO. 'E'[OI 01tUl~ i)p9av '[a 1tpuYlla'[a T] aUllT]1JI1lIla~ Ila~ ~o1']eT]ae va ~poiille moypfryopa'tT] eeaT] f.IU~ orov ayrova.

Orav TO a1toyeul1aTUKtc,BKIvouaav Yla '[0 xUlpl0i)p9av Kat Ila~ a1toxatpt'tT]aav. M~ KUMaav va Bmm<Bq>90UflB 'to KOVUICl ,[OO~. Ma~ xatpf:rT]aav eyKUpOIU Kat TpU~11i:,av yta '[0 XUlPIO '[OU~. E)1I:i~ O&V eiXallE '[iltom Ullo va KUV01)lle ltapu va ltepIIlEV01)IlB '[0 altO"tEMcrlla '[T]~ &vEpyel~ Ila~. revlKCl i)llacrrav ~OIlXOlon ltpuc,alle KaW.» (a. 200-204)

<15aivETal7CoAv xonop« to uloo; rcov xcopuhv kvavn TOD avtt-Maxedova rKOVOV. Evavti rov «aytirvo» rol) 1CIIPt «xnipam mol' 1CJ.ovaLO Kap1CO TCOV Iuxvvitmbv ».

o uvyyparptar; liel: « H AAHI9EJA EINAI OT! AYTOE o ANI9PQ!lOE ITA NEIATA TOY stxs EJlliJOI9EI ITH AHEfEIA». A'1tm/r;OrKOVOr;. !loAv 7Cl(Javov 01 Xcopwvoi rov rpoftovrovaav avtlnotva a7CO rlr; aouuopiec too Txovo» '11 ' avro eiXav 7CEI tote va arpe(Jtf EJ.e60EpOl;. AJ.J.6. ar; i50VPE xai ra uedneita '1EYovom Yla va OOVflE 7COID<; ezxe (jfKIO Kat ar; 7CapE atnv opoprp'1 Foousvnoa:

«H rOUIlEVtT<m swrn X"tIallEVTJ aKpl~OO~ OTOU~ ltpOltoOB~ '[OU Tlmxou, Ka'[u rnv ava'tOAi). ZUlalleVT] altO

d0,34-M~K6AONIKO A6~ TIO /26

UflnEAla, ozcopoeopc oevrpu KUt flouple~. ",uKou<n6 eivrn TO KpUm 1:Ile; KUt TO fl&1:U~1 't1]~. Ot KUTOIKOI 't1]~, I:J..aP0J.lUKEOOVEe; KUt 'EAAl]VE~, i;oucruv EIP1]vtKU fl&TU~U TOUe; np01tOA&.uIKU. TIe; Kilic; TOIl~ crxE<J&Ie; ijp9E vc TIe; avo.KUTEljlet Il J.l&To.~IICij OIXTo.TOpiu ue Ko.mmEcrnKu flETPU KUTU TWV I:J..aPOflUKEOOVWV.

Asv 'tOU~ enETpene va fltAOUV 't1] fll]TPIKij 'tOUe; yArocrcrU. OUTe vo AtvE On elvm "MuKeoovEe;" ciXav TO OtKuiwJ.l!l.. Me e~opiee;, <puJ..aKicr&le;, Su1..oOo.pJ.lOUe; Kat Ku9E ewoue; me<nIK6. flE'tPU npomra90ucro.v vn 'toue; e~eAA1]vlcro1>V us 't1] piu.

I:TOV KUIPO 'tl]C; KU'tOXijC; KOw6c; &x9p6c; evece n&plcrcroTepo TOU 'EAA.l]vee; Kat flo.KeOOve~ H ge<Jl] roo EAM KUI TOU KKE ylu 1(J0TIflio. KUt OtKo.iwf1U TWV I:A.<tPOflUK&OOVWV ytu 't1]V nOAmcrnKij TOU~ UIlTOVOJ.liu Kat o.vn7mJ~l] poij91]cr& vc cpUyOUV nOAM<;, o.no 'tIe; oucrltlcr'tiec; roue; KUt ij evornrc Ko.I o.OeA<pO't1]'to. fl& TOUe; 'EUl]vee; vo napet flio. o.v6l'tep1] o.ywvt<nlK1l flOPqlt'j Ko.I neplexoJ.levo.

H Touuevrrou &lX& yivet Eva onuuvnxo uYWvt<ntKO KMPO <J't1]V n&ptoxij J.lo.e;. Tm vc xwnijcrouv TO e9ViKOUneA&1l9&pWtIK6 KiV1]flo. 't1]e; 10UJ.tEvITcrue; KUt OWKA1]pl]e; 't1]e; Eno.pxiue; oi Tepunvot uno 1:0 MUl] J.lt'jvo. eixuv EKE! eyKo.rucrrijcr&t <ppollpn. rUjlro U1l:0 T1J cppoupa aun] GUYKl:Vtpro91jKUV KUt 011l:ao'tI;TjI)~ Kal J.lEPIKoi 'TKpEKOl'aVOI" (l:J.ajlOl'aKEMvE<; I'E Ell1)VIKl] <r1lvEiI)1)G1J) I'E EmK&cpaJ.Tj<; TOV KUlt&TelV rK6vo, 1tOll Tropa EiX& 1tEpUG&1 G& avolX'tTj <r1lv&pyaGia JlE TOlle; rIlPI'avo1'>c;.

Fepucvoi Kat avtlopucrTiKoi Eixuv 0x;uprogei <J't1] Touuevrrcc. Tpouoxpcrououv TO Aa6 't1]e; nOA1]e; Ko.t't1]V ijfl6po. epyutvav Kat T pouoxpurououv Kat TO. yupw XroPI<l. 'Eapezs 1..ol1!6v va AoyuPIU<noufle Kat 11' UIlTOUe;.

o 1taMOe; "J1aK&l)oVOJlelXOe;" Kal J.lJa'tTj<; rwme; dOYlelJ1ac;, 0 1t£jlljlOlJTOe; Ka1t£'tclv rKOVOe;, nou onroe; EWUfl£, TOV ElXUfl£-cruuaPEI <ntc; apxEe; TOU 1944 onv Ult01t'[O ytU ouvepyncin ue 't1]V DAO xtn TOV Uql1lcro.flE r6TE eA&U9EpO, TropU J.lue; ult<y.(perovEt vc o.crxoA1]90UflE KUt naAt Ilo.i;i TOU. Mexpt 'to Mal] TOU 1944 EKu'tcre opovtun <no Xwpt6 TOU, 6ltwe; J.ta<; elXe ultooxegei. MaAl<nu Sev napEA&l1te EUKUlpiu vn EK01]J.Olvel 't1]V u<pocrirocrij TOU oe Ilue; Kat vc J.l!l.e; p0l]9uei KUt OtKOVOlltKa. DOAAe~ CPOPE~ oro crmTI rou eiXE CPIAO~evt'jcrEI Tflitflo.'tU TOU EJ\AI: Kat crrEJ.eXl] 't1]~ opyUVW<Jl]~. Kat uUT6~ KUt ru ltC.uOIU TOU Oev Ilue; EOrocrUV KUlllau<p0PIlt'j.

To Ducrxu KE!VI]e; 't1]~ xpovta~ (1944) it ltoAmKij oPyUVW<J1] 't1]e; Fouusvrrom; EiX& <JUJ.AaP&1 9ltpouxovr&e;, 01.01 TOlle; l:AajloJ1aK£Mv~ olla yKjlEKOJ1elVOI, Yla <r1lv£pyUGiu J11l T1JV IIAO Kal 1'OUe; r£jlI'avo1'>c;. DOle; eixo.v UKptproe; TU npuYlluTU OE ~EPW Ylun 1] ult0ge<J1] o.uTt'j Sev EqlTUcrE oe Ilu~.

Ot KPUTOUIl€VOI mrroi Se cpTucruve oro I:uvrUYflU KUI, MOle; llu9Ufl£ cpvorepc, &K't&AEcrr1]Kav. 0 KUlteTUV Txovo; vojuoe on crraAS1]KUV oro I:uvrUYIlU KUt t'jpge ern MeyaAU J\tpUOtu Kat Ilue; ppijKe. Mue; eine on Ot uv9pwltOi mrtoi eivut u9roOt Ko.tllU~ ltapuKaA&cre vu TOU~

o.qlijcrOUfle eA.eUgepoue;. Tou e1nUfl£ On Sev ~Epoufle rtnoru IlU 90. evomcpep90ufle ytu TO i;t'j't1]fl·U. I'.ev flU~ nicrreljle ltOU TOU einufle on oev ~epoufl£ rizoru <tAAa 6flroe; e<puy& ue 't1]V eAniou on icrwe; evoto.qlep90uJ.le Kat yivel Kun ytu TI] crWtl]piu TOU~. LaV elluge upy6Tepu On eK'teAE<Jtl]Kav €ytve 91]pio. 'Hrov yvwcrroi KUI qltAOt TOU O1..ot nnrol.

Kat 1:0 cpuAu~e. Drnv GE J.iyo, TO Mel1) TOll 1944, IlIl Tie; £KKa9upIGTIKe<; 01 rEjlpuvoi uvejl1)KUV GTO IIliiKo, a1l1'O<;, 1'U Tpia 1tUIOUl rou Kal 0 yap1tpOe; 1'Oll UKOi.oU91jGUV TOlle; r£jlpUVOue;, O1tJ.iG1'l)KUV KUI. p7tl]KUV G1'l)V 1l1t1Jp£Gia T01l<;. 'Eytvrrv Ot upx1]Yoi 1'rov TUYIlUTWV Acr<paJ..&iue; non oi iOIOt o.veAapuv va Ol]lltOupyijcrouv ornv EltuPxio. Ilmovlu; KUt &mOO91]Ko.v o' EVo.oPyt01'POflOKPo.Tiac; c' oJ.l]1'I]V &lto.PXla.

IIEjlvOUGUV 1111:0 cpro1'lel Kltl Gio£jlo 'Ell1)v~ Kal I:J.ajlOPI1KEMvEc;, opyUvrop&vOlle; GTO EAM 1tIlTjllroT~. 'Evtvav rpouoxpurec oAKije; Ko.l <pope poi, o.OicrTUX'tOt, <povl<iOe~. Trope ov 0.\)'[6e; llTo.v 0 <JKon6~ TOUe; U1t6 aveKugev Kat TOV eKpUpo.v fl6XPI ltOU va ppouv suxmpiu t'j TOUe; o.Vo.YKucro.fle elleic; ue TO oxorcouo reov 9 youfl£vmnavrov npouxovrwv Sev ~epw, oore flExpt uuTt'j 't1] crnYflt'j. Davrwe; eKo.vav nOAAij i;I]I!lU <Jt1lV lteplOxij o.U1:I1.

MOJ.Ie; J1a9UIlIl1troe; 0 rKOVoc; ecpuy£ 1l1t0 TO XrojllO us TOUe; I£jlpavou<; GT£J.VOllP£ TOV KC11t£TelV KIlTGroVl) VU 1tpojl£i G& uV'ti1l:0tVa. Tou Kelljlap& TO G1tiTt. M& \J1tOI)Etl;1) KaToiKrov TOll XrojllOU KUT&OUcp!GaJ1& TO CPOUjlVO -eou G1tITIOU. K6.Tro U1I:0 Ta TOUjlJ.a 1tOll IjIl]VOV'tIlV TO IjlroP! jljltOl]K£ OJ.OKJ.1)jl1) 1l1t091]KlJ 01tMt>V KIll 1t1ljlOJ1C1XIJ(ci)V. IIoJ.U KaM KUTIlGK&1lUGPtVl). Til 01tJ.a 1tOlljlpe91jKllv £K£i I'eGIl Til £ix£ 1l1t0 1'OV KllljlO aKopa 1tOU ij1'IlV "PIlK&I)OVOJ16.XO<;" Kill J.1)a'tTje;. dev XjlEltlG1'l)K£ va 'fa 1teljl&1ytllTi01 l&jlpClVoi TOll OO<tlGClV KUWT£pll.

'ET<Jl 0 KUn&Tclv rK6vo~ ~avUYIV& J.lucrnyo. TIle; nEplox1le; Ko.l onou ltepvoucr& cxopxouce TO 9pijvo Kat Tn OUKpUU. 'Hrov fUo.cro~apij evicrxU<J1]Ylo. TI]V o.vrwpo.<Jl].» (cr. 287-289)

<Do.V&PO eivm nroe; 01 mo O&IAOi MUKE06vEe; ytv6vroucrav «Fxpexouavot» Kat ;t&TEltE1TU xepvouonv os ouvepjuoiu us TOU~ I epunvoix; ue emKeql<tAt'je; TOV KUlteTUV IK6vo. Evro 01 MPM&~ exeivou TOU KntPOU MAKEI'.ONEI: itTav us TO EAM xm noA&J.lOucro.v TOUe; I'spunvoix; <pacri(J't&~.

Tov Kun€'tuv Txovo TOU~ TOV xo.pi~OUfl£. EJlue; flac; &VolUcpepel 0 o.nw~ flo.KeOOVtK6~ Aa6~ o.UTO~ non KPUTUEt IJIllJ.a 'to Ke<p6.Al Kl E!vat Ultepilq>avoe; ym 1'llV E8NIKH MAKEI'.ONIKHTAYTOTHTA TOY

BlBAJOrPA<PlA: 8avucrl]e; M1]Tcr6ltoU1..o~ (ETaupoc;) HA MAKEI'.ONlKABOY A

TO 300 I:YNTArMA TOYEAAI:

TETAPTH EKI'.OI:H EKI'.OI:Ea:: OI'.YI:I:EAL 1987

E. J\.A.I:. = EAA1]vtK6c; J\u\K6~ An&A.eugepWT1K6c; I:'tpo.T6C; E.A.M. = E9vl1c6 AltEA.eu9EproTIKO Msnoso

n.A. O. =Do.vellt'jvlU AlteMU9EpwnKij Opyuvwcrl] NiKOr;EaK. 1:.1:. 0 opoc «(JI.o.fJOfl.aKc:60lIar;» XPI1(Jlfl.01rol~0'1Ko KariX KOPOV altO TO KKE aGTOXa Kat miw;pa &11 I(JXVol.

OIKOAOrIA

l\03A-M~KeA.ONIKO A.~ TIO 127

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I~t <PE'tO~ npaY)la'tonOtijeT]KCW Ot EKOT]Mlo"E~ «I1PELIIEL 2000» us

O"Uppoij nOA.mKcOV Kat KaMl'tEXVcOV ~aO"tK(i an6 Aeijva, aMa OEY A.ELljlaY Kat oi E7ttXEtpT]f.la'tiE~ 'EUTjVE~ nou EYOta<pEpOVtat vc EtO"~aMoUV ore BaA.Ko.Vta OtKOVOlltKcO~.

TtllcOllEYO np60"ol1t0 O"~ <pEnvE~ E1COT]A.cOo"E~ ij't<lV Tj K. Bcoro l1anavopEOu yta 'tTj O"UIl~OA.ij 'tTj~, ro~ unoupyou nou o"uVE~aA.E ornv Ka'tacrKE1Jij tOU A ruoflliK'tPtKOU L'taef.lOU (AHL) napaywyije; T]A.E1C'tptlCOU pEUf.la'to~ 'tTj~ ll.EH ern MEA.itTj (Oqrrccpsvn) (<<E», 26/8/2000)

IIe(O"lbpvpa atn Mu,prj Ilpeona

tmv <p1lO"tKcOV noporv 'tTj~ nEptoxij~, npo~ KatE1JeUVo"Et~ nou KaeE IDo napa O"Uvaoouv f.ll> ~ OtaKT]pU~Et~ yta ~ma Kat OtKOtOUptO"n~ aVant1J~11 'tTj~ ltEptOX~e; (<<E», 14/212000, TOBHMA 8/2/2000).

L'tTjV ITpEcrna UOOPX01JV ltEPtO"0"6'tEpa cero 1.500 EloTj <pUtcOV (os crUVOA.O 6.000 'tTj~ EMao~)" KaecOe; Kat 12 tUnot oaO"cOv. Eivnt <pUO"tKO Kata<pUyto ')'1a neptocorepu an6 40 EioT] ellA.aO"nKcOv, IlE't~ ttov onoirov tn omrviorspa crnv Eupc01tT]: 11 apKouoa, 0

o unoupy6~ ITE.Xn.ll..E. EyKatvlaO"E rnv nE~oYE<pupa 630! usrprov zou O"UVOEEt 'to <pUA.aKtO 'tTj~ KouA.~ us to

v n o u x i r o u Ayiou AXtA.A.Eiou Kat Wile; 24 KatoiKou~ tOU (<<E» 21/8/2000).

o ~OUA.EUtije; tOU ITALOK ftcOpyO~ i\t<xV11~ ElnE o n Tj nE~OYE<pupa EYcOVEt to crUy)'j)OVO f.lE to nawt6, aA.A.a IlEO"ro tOU U1tOUPYOU ~ij'tTjo"E an6 mv KU~EPV11O"Tj vu f.lllV ~Exao"Et Kat ta aA.W 1tpo~A.~llata trov xuroixmv 'tTj~ ltEptOm~, 61t0le; etvm to El0"6oTjlla rorv aypOtcOv Kt {;ya~ aO"<paA.ij~ op61l0~ nou ea O"UVOEEt n~ ITPE0"ltE~ us 'tTj <l>Mlptva ... «Q:» 23/812000).

ApXEe; tOU 2000 (2 <l>Eppouapiou) U~PXE O"UIl<Provia IlEta~ rorv tptcOV xropcOv rrou Bpioxovcn yupro an6 ~ ITPE0"ltEC; 011A.· 'tTjt;; EUuoaC;, 'tTjC; AA.~~ Kat 'tTj~ ll.TjIlOKpatia~ 'tTj~ MaKEOovia~ yta ouveprcoic cmv npocrcoic tOU uypO~t6t01tou.

'Ollro~ an6 rnv nEptPaMOVn~ opyavroO"Tj «APKtOUPO~» 1J1to.PXEt KO:tayysA.ia on anEtA.sitat 0 uYPoptotono~ rorv IT pEO"ncOv ano msos«; yta «a~tOnoi"O"Tj» rrov <pUO"tKcOV noporv 'tTj~ nEp\Om~. Kat crn~ 'tPEt~ XcOPE~, uoxouvtm mscsu; yta «a~tonoillO"Tj»

A.UKOC;, 11 ~iopa, to aypt6ytOO K.o.. AKOJ.lTj, «<ptA.o~EYEi» II EiOll aJ.l<ptpirov, 22 EioTj spnstrov Kat 17 dOTj ljIapui>v (<<E» 13/2/2000).

'Ow mrru O"E J.lta ltEptom nou Ka'taWJ.lpUvEt xspinou 300.000 O"tpEJ.lJ.lata Kat PpiO"KE'tat O"E uljl6f.lEtpo 1.000 usrporv. EKE! tOpUEtat to BAAKANIKO ITAPKO. H npOlto~ouA.ia yta 'tTj liTjf.ltoupyia tOU avT]KEt 0"'t0 WWF EM<xe; Kat crnv Erutpic Ilpoornolnc Ilpsonev, jun j.J.ll1CEpOOcrKom~ etrnpin, 11 onoio tOPuell1CE to 1990 cero to ITUYKOO"J.ltO TUIlEio yta 'tTj <PU0"Tj Kat roo; <l>iA.ou~ 'trov Ilpsondrv, To KaA.OKaipt tOU 1999 np6tEtVaV aUtE~ Ot 01>0 1111 1Cu~EPVllttKE~ opj uvro c su; o rn unoupyda IIE.xn.ll..E. Kat E~Ol'tEPtKcOV 'tTj 0l1lltoupyla 'tOU BaA.1CaVtKOU Ilcpxou llpEcrnae; AtEt Tj AA.E~. Xnivr] U7tEUeUV11 TU1tOU tOU WWF.

(\0_'34-Jvt)..Ke.A.ONIKO A.6" TIO /28

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TITINA AOYKZIAOY 0; ZOPA nA~KAAI

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Ano to Ivonrouro tue9vOlv l:XEcrerov ron Flnvrstou Iluvemomuiou otopyuvoovetat oT]J1ocrm crll~TrnlGT] ylu ~T]v «un6eecrJl i\oit;lOou». Ilnpovre; Kat 01 nevsmorquuncoi K. K. f'... KOlvcrTU~ , Xp. Pot;aKlj~ , l:t. nepaKlj~ (<<E» 15/11199).

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o rrpoeope1irov V]~ Errt"rponi]~ Yaoupvrov, IpAavo~ urrollpy~ E/;roTeplKOlv N~. Av-rPIOIl~ unav-rT]cre omv epWT1]al] ron K. f'..1]j11]tpiou, Kunplou ~Olli.emi] On <OJ Toopxtc onro~ KUI ro w..a. J1&1.T] TOil 1:uJ.l~OIlA.iou T% EUPOl1t11C; eivrn IlnOxpEroI1EVT] va llnuKoucrEI crnc; unocpacrE1C; TOil E.L\.A.f'...». EKToc; uno rnv crtJYKEKP1)lEV11 OIKUiroGT] eKUtOVt6.0ec; EI.A.T]VOKOnplOl oleKolKooV unot;T])lloocrelC; YU1 tl~ neplollcrieC; toll ern eoacpT] t1]C; Kunpoo.

Meta1;u UIltWV rroll t;T]TOUV V]V nUpEI1~UO"l] tOU l:ll)l~Olll.iou Yxoupjtov E/;roTeplKwv ytu vu llrroxpero8ei 1] AyKUpu va CJIlI1J1opcpro8ei J.Ie T1]V avaYKl] rou EllprorruiKoo L\IKUO"tT]pioll Av8prorrivrov L\IKulroj1aTrov (E.L\.A.f'...) eivci Kat 01 000 eupro~OllA.eutec; TOU 1:YNucrmcrj1ou 0 MIX. OurraYlavaKljC; Kat 0 «e9vlKit;roV)) A. AAa~avoc; «ill» 20112/99). To IcrtOPIKOV]~ rrpocrcpllyilC; ewoi:

H K. 1\01t;ioOll rrpocrecpuye oro E.L\.A.L\. KUTa V]C; TOllpldac; TOV 10UA.IO rou 1989 OIU TOU OIK1]YOpOU Tll~. Yorepu arro uin olKucrnKi] ,lam non Kpatl1crE E~t OA.OKA.11PU XPOVIU, T] Toupxia KatU01KaO"t1]Ke TO L\eKel1~pIO TOll 1996. ETllV apVT]O"l] V]~ TOllPKiCU; vo olarrpaYJ.laTemei ue "(1] K. I\oit;wou cptA.1KO 0IaKuvovlcrj10, "to EllprorraiKo L\IKUcrn'jPIO err€~aI.e (orqv Toupxia) tOV AUyOllO"tO TOll 1998 TO npoO"Tl)lO tmv 300.000 KIlrrpluKwv A.lPOlV (170

EKUT. oPX.) YIU V]V rrupu~iuGT] TOll OIKUIOlJ1UTOC; urrOAullO"l]~ V]~ tOlQKV]criac; coro to 1990 )lEXPI al]J.l8pU O"IlV 20.000 A.ipec; ytu T]81Ki] ~A.a~T] (<<E» 6/1 0/99 cr. 59). H K. l\oit;100ll OT]A.OJVel on «urrooexol1evT] V]V arrocpuO"l] TOll 0IKUO"tl1PiOll, Sev Urre)lrrOAOl TO OIKuiro,la uou vc emcrtpEIVro orov roxo uou» (<<E» 15/11/99).

An:' OTI pUnollj1e un:o TT]v 1ln:6ge<nJ TT]<; eMlIVOK1l1tPIU<; Tvrivuc Ao'it;i(01) Ta eH.1JvIKU MME E1tIKp6TT]Oav TT]v U1tocpuoiJ TT]<; va KUTucpUyel mu EllP(J)1tu"iKU opyuvu. KUT' allT01l<; 01 Tpel<; IhuKeKplj1£VOl E1tlmlJf10Vl:<; A. Krovma<;, Xp. POt;UKIJ<;, LT. IIeppUKT]e; brpu;av n:OI.V xal.ci.

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MlJ1tro<; ",ij1u ELvalon -eo eM1JVIKon:po;eveio OTIJv n:01.1J I:KOn:la (I:TT] AIJ'" TIJ<; MaKEoovia<;) EKplat;el Kal 1teplyeM 60uPIJC>l:<;, 70uPllc>e<;, 80uP1Jc>e~ avOpron:oll~ 1tOU &x0llV KaTayroy1} U1tO EllciI>a va C>lIMllOOllV OTI eivat tM1JVe<;;

o rKIOPYKI NTovecpoKI 0 1tpoeopo<; U1t0 Ta dIalC>lu -rrov MaKec>ovrov TOtl AlyaLOll» iO(J)oe O1lVM£Il;1J T1in:Otl OTa LK01tlo. On:Otl tOeoe Kal -eo Otf1a -rrov neplollOlaKrov G-rOlxeLrov TOll<;.

H Ao"i~(ooll lJOei.e va n:apsi TT]v C>IKJ] TIJ<; 1tEPIOVOW. E! iTOl KUVOI)V Kal 01 A1YluTE<;MaKec>ovl:<;.

o NTovecpoKI eme Oxl j10VO yta anot;1Jlurooetc; allci Oa an:alTlJoOUV TIJV nA1jPll E1tavuK-rlJoiJ T0U<;. na-ri pUnelo 1il]f10010YPucp0<; TT]<; <<E» U1tEll.lJ Kal KlVC>VVOIl<; OTav Uel 0 N-rovecpoKl OTt Oa 1tPOOCPUyOllV OTO AIE9vse; AIKaOTlJPLO TT]<; XUYlJC; Kal oe UMoll<; Opyav10"OU<;;

'On iKave 11 K1in:pla Ao"it;[ool) YlaTL va j11JV -ro Kuvel Kal £va<; MaKeMvu<;;

H MaKEC>OVlooa Zope IlUOKaA.l sKave On EKave 1J i\O"i~LC>OU, an:cU01lVOIJKe OT1JV E YPfiIlAi"KH EIDTPOIIH AN0PfiITINfiN AlKAillMATfiN TOY LYMBOYAIOY THI. EYPfiIlHI: TO 1998. 0a aVU01]I1001eUOIlJ.l8 aUTO TO evolacpepov ypaJ.ll1a KUTOiKOU TT]~ Or"pioa~ orr(J)C; eivea J1la W1] oop«.

AAOrPA<I>IA

l\o.gA-M .... K6A.ONIKO A.6" TIO /29

Ta 'tonuvUllla 'tOU XUPIOU lias KOMANOJ: (KOMAN) - ncploxn Ka'irlapiuv

7oUGU:V )UXl;i flue; <ITa AOyLa flae;, ClTIl <J1<eljll] flue;, <IT1e; 1tpru;€Ie; flae; ... Toup1ClKT'je; xnt MaK€OOVIK~e; 1tpOeAeuGl]e; Ta1t€pIG<J<Yr€pa, £"EJl1tV€UGl] aGqxxA.6Je; rou AetIKOU 1totl1~ GTl1V zopetc Tile; KOflU:VHilTtKlle; ioropice; ...

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KbtTos (K01lTaAa) MaAa: H yel,ovul mro TI1V 1tACl1:€ia TOU XOlPIOU xm fleXPI ,a TEAeuTnia Gmnn TOlV '¥apcWOlV, TOlV :E1tU:VOlV, TOlV Kcnercvckov, TOlV AIOUPI115OlV, TOlV M~OUOOlV.

Ta MaAa(EKEivoe; 0 MaxaAac;): 0 1tpOG<pUytKOe; GTOV onoio OflOle; 0 fllGOc;1t€pi1tOU 1tAlj9UGflOe; a1tOT€MhClla1tO VTOmOUe; ... l:TiTOl MoOT (SuAivla yicpupa): H ye<pupa1tou evover TOUe; ouo flnXetM'tO€e; ron XOlPtOU flue; fl€ rnv E9vlKT'j 0156 ...

Tou1to'-a (AsUKec;): Ilioto a1t6 Tl1v TnpEpva T01) Bnpvaolol1, 1tOU 1tUPUflEv€1 il5La €l5w xrn Tpl6.VTa KCll1tAeOV XPOVlU Me; KCll TI1tOT€ Oev ~€, Me; KUI 0 xpovoe; <ITafl6.Tl10€ O€ fl1UaA.A11 mo nyponKT'j, mo AalKT'j, mo IO€UAlonKT'j, 1tLO POflUVTtKT'j €1t~ ...

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AOflalO.: T O1t06eolu XOlpa<plwv one; 1tAuytie; 1tPOC; Tl]V Kapl5l6.. .:. M)"PIN IO..MIN

Mlto1noal.o: To1t09€oiu XOlpU<PIWV nioOl U1t0 TU T€AeUTUia <J1tinu TOU .:.IO..P'TITZIITC)..

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.\a..: (.\111«0111)' 'Acp9ovo KU1tO"t€ ,0 XOP,UPI ym Tn P01)PaA.Ia, ra 1tp6PUTa, nc; .:.TPnKOY&1 POYnl

ayEi..a&.; ru aA.oya.... .:. MAPKOKA. CTYn)...,\.1O..

IIO\JU\"KIl (IIeoll1Oou'-a): Ilpoonepvrovrm; UUTO TO «~€<paVTOlfl(l» Tl1e; uyptu<;

QIJcrTl; &floavil;crUl 11 «neOIMOUA(l», Eva aKofll1 tOu:vtK6 y~1teoo yla nc; I (ron Mcpxou rc iXV11)

:=mOue&; oj1fl&c; Tl1~ £11:oxti~ flue;··· .:. NT' MnOT (B€A.uvt8t<'.t)

nOIKlAiu OEv0POlV aYPIOlV Kat KUp1tO<pOPOlV (Kapul5ta, OUKU, .:. rKIMCTA.

-yu:iOoupi(Jt(l. KopOfll1Aa, <ppU01)1.ec;, Kep6.(JI(l K.A..n.) KUl1tTl1VWV KU1 <p1)(JIKU 01 .:.TC)..f&6NHTCA. TOOpl(DI &v ~av TUXaiu TO Gl]fleio nuro Ole; KMPO Tl1e; OIKOVOfllKl]e;, '1riJ; J((lII&oMlytKT'j~ TOUe; 1o."lJplapxiae; ClTIlV T01tlKl] 1;0li] ...

.4 s: 6 JJI/ljio too Eri:rpavov Tpbtptovo; «j(JTOPIIClJ. atoiyela leal Ol'lrfillara J'Ia rov • '6uanJ EopOOiw; ... », EKOOaEU; Tap7Ul:01r/. Maptux; 1999, 0"1:1 9-11

TonoOwl£e; Kat TonWVUllla TI)e; naihae; ntiUlae;

.:. ZMI)"PNITCA. (qn86t07to<;)

.:. Mn",,- T (~aA. toe) ·:·KOYCTPIT (KOVLT] 7tA.uyta) ·:·Mn6",,- &ONTA. (Aonpo Nepo) ·:·IO..PA.KITCO&I "OZIA.

(To UI.l.7tEA.tU ron Kcpcodroou) ·:·KONT6NITCA. (MuA.o<;) ·:·Z6ZIOY<:P PHT

(Kuuro<; ro7to<;, Sep6ro7to<;)

.:. COYn"lKA. TOYMnA. (KO"uqnu rOUIl1tU)

.:. MnPOT T6CNA. ru, TITCKA. (Lrev6<; ~POIlO<;)

.:. KA.KA.P )..NO<:p MnP6C ·:·COY& MOCT (SePT] YEqmpu)

.:. rlO..lKI K,\.IN

·:·&6TKI rKPOMniCTA. ·:·POYnk (A.6<po<;) ·:·CT)"PA. TC'PK<:pA.

A0.3A-MA..K6AONIKO A6A TIO /30

A AOrPACl>lA

EPAE

To na~\l6 e61110 Tr)S Anokplc1s

llqHypaqnl 'TO\) teiJ10ll 01tro~ YlVO-rav 1tai..ul (J"TO xropio EJ11tOpLO Am'i'TEpo J1UJO TOll 1901) aubva.

To, natot<l MO 'W xropUl 'Eunops (Euzopio), J1aAtOp (<l>ov<pa<;), Kat NtE!11tPST<; (Avo,ppuXTJ), !1SptKt<; !1tPE<; nptv a7tO TO t9t!10 npOETOt!1U~OVTat va KUvOUV (Epks) Yla rnv Kopuncn TIl<; A7tOKP1U<;. H 7tPOETOI!1a<Jia nEPtAa!1~UvEl TIlv ayopu !17tap01)nou, rnv EmA.oyi] T01) 07tA01) " '1tl<JTOAlOV, Kal TO, !-lIKpOTEpa 7tatOtU KaTa<JKE1)U~01)V m<JTOAUKta a7tO ~VAo, otaAEy01)V T07t09s<Jia KU7t01) E~ro MO TO x,ropt6 <JE KU7t010 vlllro!-la (!11tatP1]) onou EKEi <JUYKEVTpoovOVTm TO, Kt9pa Kat TO, KAa01U.

LE Ku9E XroP10 yiVOVTal !-IEPlKE<; TETOtE<; <JTOt~E<; (EpAe) 01]AaO" X,OOPOlO7t01) (J1)YKEV'tPOOVOV'tat TO, ~VAa Yla 'to Uvallila TIl<; <pronU<;, srot OO<J'tE 'W 7talOul TIl<; Ku9s YElTOVlU<; (llaX,nAU) KUv01)V Kat ano !-lia " Kat 7tEpl<J<JOTEPE<; moi~sr;.

To, !-la~EIlEva Ke9pa nou KO~OV'tat ano 'to ~01)V0 't01) MOUPIKio1) !-lEta<pepov'tat Kat <JTOt~U~OVtat <JS <JUYKEKP1).l.EvO X,oopo nrto TIlV IT6).lnTll· T1]v J1apa<JKEUij, to Lu~~atO Kat rnv K 1)plaK'i] ttov Azoxpeorv to, nalOIU otOI~U~OUV TO, KE9pa O<JO yiVETat mo I111]AU. Fie vu !11tOP0'6v tn KAaOIU xm ta KE9pa va KpaTll90uv 11111AU KO~01)V Eva 1111]16 OEvOpo Kat 'to <p1)tEV01)V <JtO x,OOlla KatEV01UIlE<Ja <JTIlpi~o1)V to, KAaOul.

M' (1)tOV TOV rpono 1] <J'to(~a Il7tOpEi vo cp'tU<JSI KUl m 8 - 10 ).lE'tpa. DAl1 (1)tT} 11 olaOlKacria MO'tEAet to t91llO t01) «EPAE». Ta 7talOul t01) Eunoptou to, naAlu x,pOVtU sxuvuv ovo 'EPAE eva IlEYUAo Kat Eva IlIKpOtEpO.

Ilpoeroumetc a1tO Ta 1tal&Ul TllV KllplaKl} T'1~ A1tOKpla~

Nmpiq to 7tproi TIl<; K1)ptaK'i]<; to, 7tatoul MO Ku9E !-lax,aAU ).la~EVouv apKEtT} nO<JOTllTa uncpouno» (<J"!-IEpa XPT]<Jl).107tOlOVV tIS KUIII01)Ae<; Kat n<; KpOmE<;) Kat EmAEy01)V OnAa Kat m<JtOAta, taKtO'1tOIOW rqv ronoesoto oxoo ex,01)V npOT]Y01)!1i:vror; OtaAe~SI yta va

KUV01)V to E911lO. J1POOTll rou; 001)AeUl stvm va TO'1t09EtT}<J01)V 'to ~a<J1KO KOP!-lO 0 onoio; stvui xrn 0 1111]16'tEpo<; Kat xoromv va 'ton09stT}<Jouv y'6pro y'6pro rc Ke9pa. Knrn TIlV OtUPKEta OAT]<; (1)tT}r; TIlr; ota01Ka<J(ar; pix,vouv 1tlmOAtEr; oro cspc Kat KponOE<; Kat (1)'te<; 01 EKpi)~Etr; OtaPKOVV OAOKAl1PT] TIlV T]!!Epa.

To tlvaJ1J1a Kat 'TO Ktl\jltJ10 TOll 'Epi..t

Aoo» 0 ijAlOr; cp'tU<JEt <JTIlv OV<JT] t01) to, natolU nAtov anocpa<J~ouv av aVUIII01)v xut vu KUIVOUV 'to, KE9pa,

Ecv ex,01)v yivEl nEpt<J<JO'tspsr; ano Ilia <JUYKEV'tpOO<JSt<; KEeprov Yla <pronU, 7tPOOta UVU~01)V TIlV 1l1KPO'tEP1] <pronu xm TEAEU'taia TIlV !-lEynAV'tSPl1. D'tUV 01 cpromr; apx,i~o1)V va xofvs to, 7tat01U apx(~ouv va 1tI)pO~OAoVV 'to Eva !-lE'tU 'to 6.M0 <J'tOV uspu Kat va <j>OlVU~OUV: «'EpA!: J11tUI11to'EpA!:».

Orcv KOVtEV01)V va xcoov OAa tn ~VAa TO, 7tat01U apx,i~01)v va 1tT]OOVV nUvro cero 'tT]V cpronu Kat va 'tpay01)OOVV yvpro uno a1)tT}v Oulcpopa !1aKEOOVIKU napaOO<JlaKu'tpayovola.

To, 1taAlo'tEpa x,pOVta 'to E91!-l0 't01) 'EpAe YlVO'tUV !-IE 7tEPI<J<JO'tEpEr; cpronE<; Kat oi 1tI)pO~OAI<J).l.oi i)'tav mo <JUx,voi Kal Ev'tOVot.

To e91).l0 E~aKOA01)9Ei va napa!1i:vEl ~rovtavo aKolla xm crT)J.lEpa <JTO Eunopto Kat OX! 1l0VO <J' a1)tT} rnv 7tEPlOxil nAAa, xm <JS <lAAE<; nEplox,e<; TIlr; Muxecovice;

Tnv K1)plaK'i] 't01) E9iJ.l01) e'tUJ(,s va ~pi<JKO).lal <JtO Mnnvoxo TIlr; MaKEooviar; T01) Iltpiv <JTIlv B01)Ayapia cnou six,a mist Yla LKI or«; naVe)!Opcpsr; m<Jts<; 't01) Ihpiv. Exsi sioa nmolu <J01)<; !-lax,nAMEr; va )!a~EV01)V Ke9pa Kat va 'to, (HOI~U~01)VE <JE KUnolO <JUYKEKPI).lEvO cnusto T01) X,ropIOV.

Ano nAl1po<popisr; ella9a on i)'tuv 'to e91llO 't01) 'EP AE TIlr; 7tEploxiJ<; 't01) MnUv<JKo.

fI6.vT:O

A03A-MAK6AONIKO A~TIO /31

TqC; uKlapuic; TparOVl5la:

CclajJUj., IJ Ae~17 ono POVIJ TIJr; eivai uta 7rAI7Y~· Orav ouo»; owpKd aubve; tote siva! 71:avovK.J..a, 71:0V POAVW:l xai Bavaubvet I7Vvslo~aslr;, V71:E:plJcpo'Vew.. EKcpvA£(el xai aAAmplWVSl 'IBIKer; a~ier;. ifJ8eipei rov o'vBpw71:o KW "COV e~aBAIWVel OIKOVOplKO, xat avXVo' "COV avaYKat;el va sK71:a"Cpi(eral

yta va /lPSI KaAVrep'l uolpa ~ usve: xat tmotaaaetai (]TOVr; ~8vOVr; aoevxe;

EVXVa 71:olloi yivovrw opvovo: Ta spyaAeia "COV acpevrl7. Etai anotcuavtac epelouoxa ueaa (]TO Aao 71:0V aKJ..b.{JW(Je 0 acp8vrIJr;, eOpwwvera! atnv 71:ePIOX~ xat anotlpoabveiai 71:epl(J(J07:epO. Fivetoi a71:al'l7TIKOr; «tu OVaKOJ..eVel oxoua 71:epl(J(JOrSPo tnv (WI/ eKeiVWV 71:0V &v eaKvlf/av"CO KSCPaAl KW 71:0V ex npooiuloo epxovrw oe obyxpooon ue rov acp{;vrlJ. TO"Ce Ka"CW a71:o "C17V enupavsta tnt; avrlcparIK~r; '17 aAAOKO'l7r; «at cpBivovaar; xotvarvioi; 0 71:0VOr; pOlpa(erW avaueoa (]TOVr; avllpdmoi»; To OaKPV 71:0V epxeral va e),wppVVel "CO 71:0VO, OeV eivoi napa "Co I7VP71:A~pWf..W TIJr; aclajJlar;, IJ "Cpaywoia.

ET'IV TVXll ~pa tu; ecorovxooe; ipavoioia; pePIKa 71:0V avoipepovtai (]TIlV sn:OX~ tnc; toupxoxpoxica; yta va ra napooataoto. VI-IWr; eJ..ajJa KW eva ano 7:OV Kavob« ~ TIJV Aootpasia npotpavd»; (pOV TO eow(Js KMOIO oxouo). 0 oxoatosiac too "CpayovolOv ipaivetai opxeto: KaAAISPYlll-l8vOr; xai evnuepot; avBpwn:or; 71:0V ue aVaYKa(el va ro xopouauiato ixai on:wr; aKpl/ldJr;, "CO {;ypalf/S xat pe tu; UXeriKer; OlevKplviaelr; xoi UXOAlO n:OD ixave 0 lou»; "COV:

Maple, J1Acivra ve~t(JTo

Mupis I!AUV"tU VE~eo~o €Au OE MUPE 1tOTOU~Ol BAU OE MUpE 1tOTOU~<n

Nu ~iO"OK to"UpV"tUK V"tU cevnoc, t:,t;,OATI t:,t:,OA1:iTm vra vit:,t:,lo"~ VUI!1tBAo YKUPAo vrn voou;

flo V1:UPOK KE TI 1tOV1:UPUI!, Evrpevm U,UA-rUV 1:EAil! Tt:,Ul!ia.,

Mopin VlU v6<pT]

€Au Mnpin VU 1:0UPKBIjIEI~

BAu Mepfa vc TOUPKEIjle«;.

LE IjIT]A.O Y1um vn Ku9EO"(l\ Ki1:pIVU <pAoUP1U VU apI!U91Ut;,El<;' O"E UO"1tpO Au11!O vc <pOpU~.

6.6>po 9u 0"01> OIDpiO"ffi,

TT]~ AvopIUVOU1tOAT]~ 1:01> U,1>A1:UV 1:El..i~l 1:0 Tt:,UI!I,

TOUP1YKPliV"t L<P€"[(l u,<pia. TIoUO"T(l. T11!1tiAa LEAII! Tt:,a.l1ia. TIOUO"Ta. TI l!1tiAa L<p€"[(l u,<piu, lU~ ouu OUKa.1! ~€PU1:U

Iu~ O"itu O"UKUI! ~f;pU"[(l. vUO"O"U1:U ~€PU OUI1I11ta.~U

O"€KU VEV"t€Au BEl..iKV1:EV.

Tl]~ BU0"1AeUOUO"U~ Ayia. Lo<pla.. Pl]I!UOI va. oou sivm LEAll! 1:0 Tt:,Ul1i Pl]I!U01 vc cou eiVa.lll Ayiu u,<pia .Ey6> 9BAm Tl]V mO"Tl] 1!01>.

Eyro 9€I..ID Tl]V mO"Tl] 110u

Tl]V OIKlll!~ 1:l]V mO"TIl Tl]V 0I10P<PT] Ku9E KupmKT) KUl TIUO"xa..

To "CpayovOi aD"Co OeV siva! an:o TIJV n:ePlOX~ TWV MOYAeVWV, aAAa e71:E:IO~ eivai PW n:paYJlarl~ tatopla; eva Jlvl7J1sio aTIJ JlaKeOOVIK~ xopaooan tau eva ototreio xoo SVIUXVel xai eOpWWVel oaa luxvpi(oJla! 07:1 Ka8e rpayo601 ua; eivoi xai uta iotopla osp' svor; tau wp' etepoo, Oev unopoboa va ayvOllaw TIJV toan 71:po(JeyP8v17 oovAsia rov oxootosia. To anueiioua 71:0V I7VVOOdJSI TO rpay060i Mel:

H tatopla oinob TOD rpayoDOlOv, elva! aA'IBlv~ xai avve/l'l (]TO ErIn (Lllip. Moxeooviac) KaTa tnv nepiooo tnt; toopxoxposioi; H Veap~ Mopia ovosxaatn)» va navtpeotei "COV tobpxo noaa tn; 71:ePlOX~r;, yia va P'I npovuoxonoinon 'l7V weelA~ rov va Kalf/el TO ETIn, av oev rov navtpeuotav. Mf:xpl npo TIVor; (ovas ata )loava tnt; Toopxioi; Orav xai n:eBave (oexaetia TOV 60). ET'IV K'Ioeia VIr; ata )loava n:apevpeBIIKav, TIJI~r; eVeKCV peA'I "C'Ir; O'lpOrlK~r; apXlir; rov E'Illl, exnpoaomxbvtai; T'IV "co"cs EOalaAl(]TIK~ Anuoxpoxia T'Ir; Moxeooviac.

d034-MAK6A,ONIKO A,6~ TIO /32

MOYEIKH

BODAN AR§OVSKI = EKZIA ORCHESTRA

O Arsovski Eivat yvrocr'to~ uno TIl floucrtKij flltW'tU «LEB I SOL» (IProfli lCtAA.6.n), TIl oltoi(XI; ijtav t8pu'ti]~. H «LEB I SOL» Eixuv lta~Et mv,totzpa em 8wcraAoviKT], oro

MUAo, flE flBYUAl] Eltt'tUxia. H ltpooTIl ltpocrromKij OOUAEtU 'tOU Apooecxt, to «Endless View» nflij9rJKE crTIl xoopa tOU flB ta ~pa~Eia KaAUtEPOU cruvllETIl, KaAU'tEPl]~ cruvauAiw; Kat KaM,Epou CD. 0 Bodan EXEl OoocrEt cruvauAiE~ o ' OAl] TIlV Eupoo1tl] Kat ce 7[olli~ ltOAE!(_; TIl~ AfiEPtKij~ Kat EXEt vc EntOEii;et cruvepyacriE~ flE yvrocr'tOU~ KaMttexve~, Oltro~ 0 Philip Glass Kat 0 John Gibson. H Elt'taf1EAij~ opxilcrtpa tOU, l] Ezgila Orchestra 1t<lPOUcrtU(,Et flOUcrtKE~ ~acrtcrfleve~ cs fleAroOtKO~ Kat OlaKEKOflflEvOU~ beat ijxou<;, 7[OU cruvouu('OVtat us ethnic crtOtXBia, t(,a(, Kat aUtocrXBOtacrfloU~.

Erot 'to IlEcrcraAOvtKloonKo KOtvO EiXE Tl]v EUKatpia vu altoA.aucrEl TIl flOUcrtKij evo; UltepOXou uoooucou cruyKpo'ti]fla'tO~, rnv llEflltTIl 23 A nyouctou 2000, ora ltA.aicrta trov EKOl]AWcrErov «BAi\KANJKH llAATEIA» ltOU oLOpywrocre 0 L.\"flo~ NeultoA.l]~ oro 0l]flonK6 afl<Plllea'tpo. Ot aKpOatE~ j.lltopei vu fll]v ijtav 7[oMoi, ouo»; ijtav eKAEKtoi. 'Eroi e<;l]yeitat oou evoo ZiXE tWuDcret 1] cruvauA.ia ru 1t<lpatE'tUflEva pullj.ltKu XEtPOKpo'ti]flata KUVav tOY Bodan Kat Tl]V opxi]crtpU tou vn <;ava~youv Yla vn ltai<;ovv omv E<;eopa.

o Bodan eXEl l]AlKia 45 XPOV<llV Kat 7[ai(,Et floumKTj 30 xpovta.

ME tO~ «LEB I SOL» ( ij AEll (IjIrofli) 61tO)~ to A.f;fiE EJ.!~ ltpO<pOP1KU) EXEI ~yaAEt 13 flEYaAOU~ OicrKOU~ Kat 3 CD. ME to crUYKpOTIlfla «EKZlA OPKECTAP» 7[ai(,Et 5 xp6vta Kat EXEI ~yaAet2 CD. H j.loumKij lOU sivat opyavtKij Kat to KUIlE xouucn KpatUet3, 4, 5,.6 A.ElttU. 0 ApcrO<paKtEfl<PavicrTIlKE oro MuA.o to 1995, Kat to 1997, otu ltA.aicrta TIl~ «ITOAITILTIKHL IIPOTEYOYLAL» 'tT]~ Eup6>1tT]~ oro AlflUVI TIl~ 8EcrcraA.oviKl]~.

Lta daicrta tl]~ «BAAKANIKHL IIAATElAL» AEltOupyoucrav 7[Epin'tEpa t1]~ L.\IE8NOYL AMNHLTIAL, ota<p6prov illrov OpyavoocrEroV Kat unijpxe Eva 7[Epi7['tEPO 'tOU «MABAAKANIKOY KENTPOY llOAITlLMOY KAI BIBAIOY» xm ron «LYNL.\ELMOY EKL.\OTON BOPEIAL EAAAL.\AL». Lta tpanl';(,ta roo; Eixav ~1~A.ia eoro mv AA.~avia, TIl LEp~ia, Tl] BouA.yapia, tT] Pouuavic aAA.a alt6 tT] L.\l]I-lOKparia tT]~ MaKEOovia~ OUtE Eva. rvropi(,01JV on UltUPXOUV j.lEptKU ~l~A.ia, ecno Aiya, j.lEta<ppacrj.lSva ore EM1]vtKU aMU 0 evnpcrotouo; tOU~ <paiVEtat 1tO)~ eXEl opio,

To. j.lOUcrtKU crxi]flata nou Efl<pavicrTl]Kav ijtav Q1t' 6AE~ ~ XooPE~ rcrv BaA.Kavirov, aMU yta rnv EKIlEcrl] ~t~Uou vu E1tlcrl]flWOUflE Tl]v aouvaflia rou; To Elt'to.ijflEpo U1t6 21 Ero~ 27 A uyoucrtOU oro avotXt6 IlEatpO NEU7[OA.l]~ ~Oij9rJcrE crtT] crUcr<pt<;T] troy avllpoomvrov aXEaErov tT]~ BaAKavtKij~.

NiKOt;E

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M lUaMT] <J1JVCll)AIClIlE'YKpOlJn MO tT] t.T]1l0KPCldCl TT]<; MClKEoovlCl<; irro:v ue TOU<;

«ANASTASIA». Oi «AvClCJTaI;ICl» " «Avucrcoic» nau;av TEAIKa TO LappU1:0 PPMIl 2 LE1tTEIlPpiol) CJfT]v KaAallapux CJTO npooT]v CJTPClTOnEOO «Koopa» CJTa nAaiCJ1Cl TOlV EKOT]AroCJEmv «napa ew' aAO<;». TCl )!a"T] TOlJ'YKpoun eivru:

ZLATKO ORTGSANSKI:

Kleapa, <pA,QOl)TO, ItavTOAivo, <pmVT]TIKa. GORANTRAJKOSKI:

npootT] <jlmvi], nA"KTpa, 'YK6.IVTa, <pA.aOUTO. ZORAN SPASOVSKI:

VTpa)!<;, KpOl)CJTCt, nAi)KTpa, <pmVT]TIKa.

LUYKpOTi]eT]KaV ouv 'YKpoun TO 1990 Kat sivrn oxo TO. mo EmTIlX111lSV(l CJIlYKPOTi]lla-ra ).IE nOlOTlKij )!OUCJ1Ki]. H uououo] 'tOu<; ewoi KPUIlCl an6 ~uI;Clvnvs<; )!EAmOiE<;, e8vlK pIl8)!ov<;, pOK. nail;ouv napaooCJ1ClKa llaKEOOVtKu ClKOUCJTLKU op'Yo:va 6nm<;: <jlAaouTO, 'YKUtvTa, 'tunav anu e1tiCJT]<; XPT]CJtIl011:010VV hi-tech computers, OE1'YllaTOA,,11:'tE<; Kat CJIlv9ECJUt/;EP<;·

t.lIo'l TOU<; OOl)AEta sivcr 1] 'lX1lTLKll E1tEvOUCJ11 Tll<; 'talvia<; «Ilpw Cl1t6 TT] PPOX"». 'Ex.ow nCliI;Et 1l0l)CJ1Ki] 'Ym eva IlE'YaAO Clpt81lo TCltVtOOV, eEaTplKWV nClpaCJTaCJEmv KCl\ TT]AsonTlKoov npOYPClIl)!6.Tmv. 'Exow 1(1)KAO<POP1laEI rplc cd, 1:0. OVO an6 ClUTU eivm E"AT]vtKij<; napa'Ymyl)<;.

L1:T] 0€CJaClAoViKT] oev SPXOVTUl ym npwtT] <popu aMU i)01] SXow naU;Et 1:SCJCJept<; <popa<;, ovo CJTO A IlVVTato, crnv A8ijvCl. 'Exow nail;Et KUl CJTO EI;mTEptK6 aAA.a CJE Ka)!\U au'1 xoopo. O€V nail;av 11:Eptaa61:EpE<; <jlope<; ooo CJfT]v EAA.aoa. Oi «AvaCJT6.i;ta» )!EvOl)V CJTT]v npronruollCJa tT]<; t.T]1l0KpaTia<; tT]<; MaKeoovi.Cls.

LE EpOOTT]CJT] oT]lloCJtOypa<pou 1:T]<; e<jlT]IlEpioa<; «0ECJCJaAoviKT])} CJTt<; 1/9/2000, CJE <J1JVMelll;T] nou somaE 0 Fxopuv TpatK6aKt, «11:010. <J1J'YKpOTi])!aTa tT]<; EMT]VtKi]~ aKT]vi]<; CJa<; ClPSCJOUV;» an6.VTT]CJE: «Mou npsoouv ot <<J.paTOV», nail;ClIlE Ka\ 0110 oops; Ilal;i. 'HTClV KClAol KUl ot «LTapEo Nopa» Kat 6M<; oi OOl)Mle~ TOl) Krovcrevrwou B"TCl».

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CTH KPI&A..

To )!UKeO~V1KO Tpuy0601 )!e n~ VT01t:te~ OPX~crtp~ TOll uKouyeTul, xopeUetut, TPUYOllOl&1:CU <ITOV N. ([>A.ffiP1VU<;' N. I1eAAll~ (Eoecou), N. Kcoropicc, (J'rU XWPUI T11~ I1TOAe)!utOIl~ Kill TOil K1AKi~. To mo ~UKOIl(J'rO )!UKeOOV1Ko YAev-r1 1tUpU)!EVel 'tll~ MeAiTll~ «[>A.ffiplva) cr«; 20 IouA", oxou KU'rIlqmlvollV UV6PW1t0l U1tO 1tOUoU~ VO)!OU~,

M IlKe06ve~ Kill )!11, Ylil VU uVIl1tVe6001lV eAe66epa. Ku6e xpOVO 01 xacpt£Oe~ TOil eAAT]V1K06 KPUTOIl~ 6eAOllV va 1teWXOllV VU yivel yMVTl ue e/.AllVlKU TpaYOU01U 1t.X. «To 1tU1tUKl 1tUel 0T11v 1tOTU)!l(I» uAAa TOIl~ UKOAoll606v KU)!lU 501lplu UTO)!U. 20oe60VTIll U)!U61]TU 1tOOU Kill E1tIOTPUTeUe-rUt 0 KPIl't\KO~ )!1]XUV10)!0~. 1:TO yUvn, TO yv~mo ue ru )!UKeOOVlKU'tpuy0601(1, )!u~eUovTat5.000 UTO)!U. AUTO 'to XPOV1KO OIU<JT11)!1l rou KuAoKmplO6 yivOV'tUI1tOAAa yUV't1U U1tO cruAA6yOIl~ uAAU KUt Ol(XCPOPIl iliu crxTj)!Utu. 'EVil tetolO yUv-rt eYlve KUl (J'r0 xroptO Kpi~u (T pi~u) one; J 2 AllYOU<ITOIl, <JT11v KeVTplK1l 1tAuTeia rou XroplOU. <Dll<JlKU )!E )!UKeOOV1KO 'tPUYOUOI. Tt elproveiu! H 1tAu'teiu OVOI1Ui;eTIlI «I1AUTelU KU1te-ruv l\ypU». H eKOiK1]<J1] T11~ t(J'ropiu~. Maopei TO EMT]VtKO KPU'tO<; Vil ye)!lOe TU XWptu )!E 1tlVIlKioe~ UIlTOU ron eiooll~ uAAa 't1]v KUP01U TOil MUKe06vu Sev T11V KepolcrE. H 1tOAAl)!eATj~ ll1tepOXll opxTj(J'rpu U1t0 T11 <I>AWP1Va, TO «MOYLIKOPAMA», I1E TOIl~ TpaYOIlOlcrTe<; 't11~ KUt T1]V veupTj TPUYOIlOicrTPl1l OWcrllV Kecpl (J'rU EKUtOVTUOE<; UtO)!U 1t01l 1tllpe~pioKOV't1lV exei,

TpUyOlloTj61]KE TO «M1tOUKl'tE», 'to «M1tEMU OAIl)!1t1u», TO «os crO)!1tpuAe xouinre»

BIBAIO IIAPOYI:IAI:H

H anayopl:U)!&v1] YAcOcrcra T]'tCLV Kat crovBxi1;Bt va stvat 11 J.l1]'tPtKtl yAc.Ocrcra J.ltac; J.lBpioac;v't6mwv Mcxsoovcrv. Eivat T] yAc.Ocrcra rcov E>EcrcraAOVtKEOOV, KupiUou Kat ME60oiou, rou Ay. KAtlJ.lEV'tOC;

'tl]C; Qxpioac; Kat rou MlcrIPKO~ ceto rnv ITEA.A.a.

H anayopl:UJ.lEvrJ YAcOcrcra 'to 1912 ano'tEAoucrE 'tl]V J.l11'tP1KT] YAcOcrcra tou 1/3 Kal1tOAU nptv <l1t6 au'tTj 'tl]v xpovoAoyia roo 1/2 teov Ka'toiKOOv 'tl]C; EAA11VtKT]C; MaKEoovlac;, 'tcOpa 'tl]V 9uJ.loUvtal (Kal 'tl] XP11crtJ.lOnOlOUV olaKpmKo.) J.lEPIKEC; Xl"-tUOEC; vtommv.

To ~1~Aio tou Tcoou Koocrt01tOUAOU yvoocr'tou u n «; OT]J.lOcrIOYPo.<pOU ron «Iou 'tT]<; Ku p r u x c r t x rp; EABu6Epo'tu1tlac;»

1tapoucrIo.1;El

V'tOKOUJ.lEv'ta, a1t001to.cr!la'ta E<pT] J.lEpiooov, x c t U1tT]pEcrlaKE<; EK6EcrE1C; an6 Aoyi}C; - AOYtlC; U1tT] p EcrIEC; x o u n s p t v p n o o u v

aVaAll'tlKa 1t00<; a1tayopEu6T]KE OE !lEyo.AO J.lEpOe; rou

vtomou nAT]61l0J.lou '-- --'

va J.ltAUEI 'tl] YAcOocra

B AllArOPEYMENH rA.m::I:A

KPATIKH KATAnOi\H TnN EAABIKnN lllAAEKTnN I:THN EAAHNIKH MAKEllONlA

flAPELTHtAN M'TITIromnoI 100 KOlNOl1fffb\J nn: fIEPIOXHE

OOl'M Tll'IKATOIKJI'i 11ll: KAP.lW:KAI m~ KlYIlN Nf1O.'IaJANMlI4QI KAI ElL !WAlION ynOI:XOMEfJA NA OMIA!JMEN nANTOTE THN EAAHNIKHN!

Ot u<u:piJlpID'01 l.V:tOlmt tOU \OU)pu.uu lP>f'iou. 6V cmoil).1ll) tt/..&nl OOromtY 01£1 '(ou6pt.:QUWVru:n,·Tl'rl>p1)."1"~\'nt;.~J:I1\'u,"{otirtt}l;KCtt.C.t'«t)'f1i~l(ov

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TOU.

ME mv OUVa!llKT] 1tE16cO ron crpnrou xut rou XoopO<pUAaKa J.lB rnv nieOT] 'tl]e; EKKA1]criae; Kat 'tOU EK1tatOEllnKOU crocr'tTj!latoe;, J.lB 'tl]V aAAuyi} nov 't01tooVUJ.lMV, IlE J.la1;IKEe; OPKooJ.lOoiE<; U1toxpBoonKT]e; croJlJ.lBroxile;, J.lE rnv E~ayOpo. tl roy EK<p0~10J.l6, an6 rrtv J.lBt~lKT] OIK'ta'topia !lExPI ru; !lEpEe; J.l<le;, 'to «'tplcrKa'tupawv ~BV'tK6v loiooJ.la» enpE1tE va nCtljlEI va aKoUyB't!ll. ncrrE to EntOT]!lO Kpo.'t0e;va unopsi va IOXllPlotBi6noUOE1t0'tE UntlP~E tEtota y Ac.Oooa, apa OU'tE xm nAT]eucrJ.lOe; 1tOU va rnv JltAo., OU'tE Kat«E6vlK61tp6~AT]J.la».

01 V'lKT]'tEe; ~CLVaypa<pouv rnv ioropic 01tOJe; roue; ~OAEUEI. EumxcOe; Yla rnv to'tOP1KT] aAT]eBta tn yp=a JlEvOUV, oou an' au'to. 06V Kawcrtpa<pT]KCLV .

To ~$Aio rou Tcoou Krooronoucou 06V 1tPE1tEI va I-.EmBI a1t6 ru; ~1~Al06i}KEe; rrov omndrv rtov Muxedovorv.

Taco EJ.lBtc; Ot MaKE06vBe; cou EK<ppa1;ouJ.lB 'tl] croJ.l1t6.6E1o. J.lac; Kat OE I:UXaptcrTOUJ.lB ceeo ~aeo<; Kapol6.c;.

(\0.3A-MkK6A.ONIKO A.Sk TIO 134

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MEXPI nOTE;

M epE<; xap6.<; KUI EK5T]AWtJEOOV <J1:0V :rraAlO Ay. A8uv6.mo. fla roue xatoixou; ~e~atU E~UKOA.Olleei vu 1l:rr6.PXEI '[0 :rrpO~A.T]f.IU 'Ole; 1510K"CTlcriu<;, aq>ou O:rroo<; elVUI yvootJ'[O oA.a tn 01Ko:rrE5a UVT)KOIlV tJW 51')IlOtJI0. Em'[eA.oIl<;, :rrpe:rrEI vc ~pE8Ei T] «XPIlcrT) ,[0111')>> tJ'[O :rrp6~A.T]IlU :rr01l uvnllE'too:rrii;ollv curoi 0l6.v8poo:rr01.

Ano "IV TOnllClj E:!{II7JlE:pioa TI!~ 'E&(J(Ja~ «AAE8ANtJPOE», 7/612000.

"E1\1\nvIKcs novnprcs"

H EK:rrui5E1l<JTj '[OOV ueruvuenov eXElllE rov mo E:rrl<JTjllO tpoxo E~atPESEi u:rro 'tI<; 01E8vEi<; tJIlVST)KE<; xou pIl811t~0IlV ruv Il:rrEp6.tJ1tltJT] '[OOV 5IKaIOOIl6.'[ooV 'tOOV IIEIOVO'tlKWV :rrA.1')8IltJllWV O'E lllU xwpa. AKOll11 KUIOl mo YV1')tJIOI unEpatJnltJ'te<; '[OOV llEIOVO'tIKwv olKalOOIl6.'toov 5exoV'tal on 'tu EK:rraIOEIl'tlK6. Kal yA.OOtJtJIK6. 5lKulwlla'[a tJ'tallu'[ouv tJ,[OIl<; au'[OX80VE<; llelOVOtlKOUS :rrA.T]8IltJllOUS· XUpUK'tT]PltJ'tlK11 EIVatT] nEpi1t'tOO<JTj '[Oil X6.P'[T] '[OOV 1tEPl<pEpElaKwv T) ueiovorucov yA.rotJtJwv '[Oil Lllll~OIlA.ioll '[T]<; Ellpw1tTj<;. TIpOKeI'[al yla 'to mo tJuyXPovo :rrA.aitJlo llEIOVO'tlKWV OIKUIOOIl6.'[ooV, '[0 ozoio eXEI T)0'T] ll:rroyp6.IjIEI xm 11 xwpa llU<;. 0 Xaprnc all,[o<; UnOKA.EiEI coro '[T] eEtJllIK11 zpoorcoiu rou '[1<; yAWtJtJE<; Kat '01V EK:rrui5EutJT] 'tOOV uerovccrdiv. 0 :rrpoq>avi)<; A.6y0<; au'tlj<; 'tT]<; OI6.KPI<JTjS Eival on 01 llE'tflv6.tJ'tE<; 8EOOPOUV'tUI «IlE'ta~a'tlKo<;» :rrA.11S11tJllO<; KUI EmlhwKE'tU1 T] :rr6.ml 9utJtu llEiOO<JTj '[OOV olKalUllla'[oov 't01l<;, 5T]lllOUPYWV'tU<; avnKiV1]'tpa ornv :rrapallovi) roix oru; xWpE<;Il:rr05ox1')<;.

H EA.A.6.ou, O:rroo<; :rr6.na, :rrpOO,[oW1tTjtJE Kat tJ' UIl'tO 'to <JTjIIEio. KUTa '[1<; llUKPOXPovEC; 5lunpaYlla'[EutJEI<; 1t01l 05T)YT]O'uv tJ'tTj crUv'tUE,n '[Oil X6.p1:Tj, 0 EK1tPOtJ(J)1tOS HIS XwpUC; llU<; E1tlxeip11tJE v n ~paXUKIlKA.WtJEI r u; tJXE,[IKE<; 5ta5IKatJiE<;, EltJT]YOUllEVO<; r nv E:rrEK'taml '[OOV 51KalUlll6.'[oov Kal croix

llE'tav6.tJ'tE<;. '01too<; 51a~a!;ou ue tJE Ell:rrltJ'tElJ'tIKlj eK8E<JT] rou EU6.YYEA.oU Koioo», ,[O,[E EIl7!EIPOYVWllOVU oro Il:rrOUPYEtO E~OO,[EPIKWV: «Ano EUT]VIK11<; :rrA.eIlP6.<;, ore 1tA.aima TOOV 00l1YlWV 1l01l, Il:rrE~UA.U tJElpa EPOO'tT)tJEWV xm E1tltJT)llava ru; U1tepllE'tpa q>tA.650~ES 1tp6VOlE<; YlU rt; 1tEPlq>EpElaKE<; KUI )l.EIOVO'tlKes yA.WO'tJEC;, '[ovi~ov'[fl<; T1]v av6.yKTj E~ltJOPP01t11<JT]<; TOOV tJll,l(PEPOV,[OOV Kpa'[wv KUlllEIOVO'tlj'[ooV. ( ... ) 151uhEpa i;T)'[T]tJfl 't1lV M~T] tJ'tl<; pu811ltJE1<; '[OU Xap'tT] OA.roV rcev ueiovornnov, Kfl800s Kat '[OOV usruvnorcov KaIEpya'[OOV».

ME flll,[E<; ne; «novnpe;» 1tPO'[6.O'EI<; E7!IXElpOUtJE ro re '[0 EA.A. T]VIKO u n o upv e Lo E~OO,[EPIKWV v u KaSIltJ'tEpT)tJEI '[DV 1jIT)q>I<JT] '[OU Xcprn. 'Hrnv L'.EKell~plOS rou 1986, Kat '[0 MOVO uercvnoreunxo peUlla 1tpo<; 'tT] XOOPfl lluS Sev EiXE aKO)l.l1 EK5'1A.ro8Ei. 07!0,[E, 01 EA.A.'1VlKOi A.e0V'tUP1tJlloi yivov'[uv EK ron acrq>aA.ou<;. Ollley6.A.ec;, O)l.OOC;, EIlpOO1talKec; XOOPE<; Eixuv i]5T] xpocuvurosrcrei ern yea q>a<JT] TIl<; aV'tlllE'tUVfl<J1:EIlnKT)C; :rroA.m,,"T)<; 1t01l Sa oonyoutJE ern LeVYKEv.

lor; TI!~ KvpIaICljr;, «EJ£vBE:po'Wnia», 51JJ12000

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Ttc m 51U01Kflcria Eq>UPlloyi]<; '[OU )l.€'tPOIl, UpKE'ta eUyA.roTIO eivm evu eyypacpo zou evroxtccue oro apXEio '[00 <I>v..l1t1t01l L'.PflYOUllT] (fEwaoEIO<; Bl~A.lOetlK11, q>.S7.3). TIPOKE1'tU1 Ylflllia ,[U7!07!0111)l.eV11 «atJ'[uVO)l.IK11 npotJKA.11tJ11», ue r nv o ao iu 0 OlaKEKplllevo<; all,[os «E8vIKOC; nap6.yoV'ta<;» (07!OOC; a.A.A.OOtJ'tE Kal K6.Se 1toA.iT1]<; 'tT]<; Xoopu<;) EV1]IlEPWVE'tUl Yla rov «rouse» tJ'tOV onoio {(1l:rri]X81P> Kal '[I<; 5IutJ'tatJEI<; '[T]C; <JTjllaiac; :rr01l -00<; EK rourou- Oq>EIA.eI Vfl :rrPOII118EIlTEi. !:iev A.et1tEI OU,[E 11 a1tEIA.T]'tlKtl :rrpoEI50:rrOl11<JTj: <ill un <JIJllllOPq>ooO'tc; tJU<; <JIJVE1t6.yE'tfll 'tTjV 1tOlV1Kljv UllOOV

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TI6.A.1 KaA.a., Sa nEI KUVEtc;. Ftari r nv i5lU UKPI~WC; EnOXtl, tJE 1tflpa)l.E80pIEC; 1tEplOxes z o u xapaK"CTlpi~ov'tUv U7!0 '[OU<; 'tUyOU<; 'tT]C; KpanKi]c; UtJq>6.A.Elac; 00<; «ESVIKa EuaitJ8T],[E<;», nap6.A.A.T]A.a ue '[OV unOXPEOOT1KO <JT]llaWtJ'tOA.ltJllO «EKPi911 <JKOmllOC; 0 uOPOXPOOllU'tltJ)l.OS ,[OlV OlKlOOV 51a '[OOV E8VlKWV xpOO)1a'[oov, '[(J)V )l.EV 'tOIXOO)16.'[{J)V u5pOXPffillan!;0Il€vwv 516. A.eUKOU XPW)1fl,[OS, 'tOOV 5E ~UA.iVOOV 1tA.UltJiwv KU1't{J)V A.OI1tWV E~ap'['1)16.'[ooV (1tflpa8up(J)v, 8upoov KA.1t) 5t6. KlJUVOU 't010U,[OU» (o6.tJKaA.OC; I". TIflna501t01lA.0C; «H Kfl,[6. '[T]V 'tEA.Eu-raiav 51E'[taV Ka,[fl~A.T]8EltJU 7!pO<J7!a8ElU 7!POS E~EUT]VltJllOV 'tT]<; L'.U'tIKtlC; MUKE50via<; xu t '[a E1tI'tEllxSMa a1tO'tEA.EtJ)l.U'[a», A8i]val 22.7.38, ApXeto Iw. ME,[U~6., q>.36). 'E,[<J1 OO<J1:E 0 <JT]llalO<J1:0A.10')10C; rou; EK'tO<; U7!0 Ka80A.IK6C; vo eivm Kal )16VlllO<; ...

« Kopioxaux» h7.evBE:porvn[a», 28-29 OlCrwfJpiov 2000, (fE:X 3/89

61HMEPO BAI\KANIKHE EVNANTHEH KOMMATON KAI KINHMATON

To La~~a'[OKuplaKo 18-19 Noe)1~p11 oro TIaVE1tlcr't1jlllo MUKE50vias 0''tT] E>EtJO'aA.oviKTj '[0 KKE 510py6.V{J)O'E BaA.KaVIK6 <I>6poull6nou <JIJYKpO'tlj8T]KE «Av'[I-NATOtK6 Ksvrpo», LU)1)1E,[Eixav UV'tl1tp6tJOO1t0l KlV1])1a'tOOv xm KO)1)1a'tOOv cero AA.~avia, BOIlA.yapia, flOUYKOO'A.a~ia, POIl)1UVia, Toupxlc xm EUaoa. AVTlKE1)l.EV1Ke<; 51l<JK0A.leC; E)1nOoltJav 'to K0)1)10UVltJ'tIKO K0f111a MaKE50via<; ano TT] !:i1')lloKpa'tia 'tT]C; MaKEoovia<; (Ka16Xl TIr!:iM zou '[0 yp6.q>El 0 PISOO'1t6.tJ'tT]C;) va mipet )l.€pOC; em <JIJv6.V1:Tj<JTj. Q<J1:ocro, O'E XatpWcr't1jplO )l.tlvu)1a roi»; euxil81jKE Em'tIJxia tJ't1<; Epyacrie<; 'tT]<; <JIJvaVTI1<JT]C; Kal 5T)A.OOO'S on tJ'tTjpi!;El Ka8E evepYEla ornv npo01t't1KT] U1toTIVa~T]<; 'tT]<; NAT01Ki]C; KlJptaPxla<;.

TIm: «PlsOO'1tatJ'tTj9>, 21 Noeufipiou 2000

A03A-MA..K€AONIKO A€" TIO /35

MIA EYNANTHEH ETH MnlTOAA

H O1JV'taKnKij O!luoa TT]S I\o~a napa!lovij npo)'toxpOVlU<; rou 200 1 ~pE911Ke oro yvroa'to Movccrnpi (Mmroxc) TT]S t.11!l. TT]sMaKeooviasYlava YlOP'tUO'El KOV'tU ce OlKOU<; !las av9po)7touS.

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Ta Ei7tCL oAa orov nCL7t7tOU )lOU 'to !lEO"ll!lEpl. Ne K& OVTle; Po O'KOA.e'tO - t.EY 9a SCLVanu<; ax,oA.eio. IIoAU apyo'tEpa ornv TaO"KEvol] )la9aival.lE EU11VtK6. Kat Ayy AtKU».

Ta ypa!pEia 'tOO O1JUoyou tmv MaKEoovrov npoa!pUyrov ano TT]v EUclOa ~picrKOV'tat oinJ...a oro SEYooox,Eio MTIITOM. Ttn ocoo; Cl1tO rou; CLVayvoocr'tES 9tAouv emxotvroviu us 'ta ypa!pEia 'troY MaKE06vrov nOAtnKOOv npoa!pUyrov, rou; nA11pO!pOpOU)lE on 'to TT]J..i!provo Kal 'to fax ExE! aMUSEt, 'to KatvOupylO elVat 0038997-255618.

A0,9A-M)..K6AONIKO A6"- TIO /36

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