# WORKSHOP 10a

Shear and Moment Reactions Linear Static Analysis with RBE3
250 10 M16x 2 bolts

15 F = 16 kN

C

B 60 O 200 60 A

D

75

75 50

300

Objectives:
s Create a geometric representation of the bolts. s Use the geometry model to define an analysis model comprised of bar elements. s Idealize a rigid end using RBE3 elements. s Run an MSC.Nastran linear static analysis. s Visualize analysis results.

MSC.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook

10a-1

10a-2

MSC.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 10a

Linear Static Analyis with RBE3

Model Description:
The goal of the example is to analyze the shear and moment reactions at the four bolts by using RBE3 elements, instead of drawing Figure 10a10a.1. Force F and moments that exist on Figure 10a.1 will be applied at point O. Below in Figure 10a.1 is a diagram of a rectangular steel bar cantilevered to a steel channel using four bolts. There is an external 16 kN load appled, what is the resultant load on each bolt. Figure 10a.1 - Diagram and Dimension of Bolts and Fixture 250

10

15 M16 x 2 bolts F = 16 kN

C

B 60 O 60 200

D

A

75

75

50

300

Table 10a.1 - Vaules for Bolt Model Outer Radius Inner Radius Elastic Modulus Poisson’s Ratio 2 mm 1.9 mm 7.1E10 N/mm2 0.3

MSC.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook

10a-3

If a free-body diagram of the beam were constructed.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook .Diagram of Force Componets FC” FC C B Y FC’ rC FB” rB M FB’ FB X F D” rA FD D rD V A FD’ FA” FA FA’ Solution Point O. The distance from the centroid to the center of each bolt is: r = ( 60 ) + ( 75 ) = 96. These reactions are: V = 16kN M = 16 ( 425 ) = 6800Nm In Figure 10a. the bolt group has been drawn to a larger scale and the reactions are shown.2 .2. is found by symmetry. the shear reaction V would pass through O and the moment reaction M would be about O. the centroid of the bolt group in Figure 10a.0mm 2 2 10a-4 MSC.Figure 10a.2.

Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-5 .= 4kN n 4 Since the secondary shear froces are equal.= ---.7kN 2 4r 4 ( 96.= 17.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 The primary shear load per bolt is: V 16 F’ = -. the calculatons comes to: M 6800 Mr F’’= ------.= ----------------.= ----.0 ) 4r MSC.

s Prepare the model for linear static analysis (SOL 101). and moment reactions at node 999. s Define material (MAT1) and element (PORP1) properties.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook . s Idealize a rigid end connecting node 999 and one end of each bolt with rigid elements (RBE2). s Create node 999 to represent point O. s Apply the fixed boundary constraints on each bolt. Create shear.Nastran solver for normal modes analysis. s Review the results.Suggested Exercise Steps: s Generate a geometry model of the four bolts and create finite element for each bolt. s Generate an input file and submit it to the MSC. 10a-6 MSC.

Patran for generating an input file should go to Step 16 otherwise. Create curves to represent the bolts. Users who are not utilizing MSC. proceed to Step 2.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-7 bolt_load x Default MSC/NASTRAN Create Curve XYZ <0 0 10> [75 -60 0] . and [-75 -60 0]. x Geometry Action: Object: Method: Vector Coordinate List: Auto Execute Origin Coordinates List: Apply Repeat Step 3.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Exercise Procedure: 1. Origin Coordinates List: [75 60 0] MSC.db File/New Database New Database Name OK In the New Model Preference form set the following. Show Labels 4. changing Origin Coordinates List to [75 60 0]. Activate the entity labels by selecting the Show Labels icon on the toolbar. : Tolerance Analysis code: OK 3. 2. Create a new database called bolt_load. [-75 60 0].

3 .Apply Origin Coordinates List: Apply Origin Coordinates List: Apply To see the curves that was just created.Geometry Model Of the Bolts 6 3 5 4 2 3 7 8 4 Y 1 2 1 Z X 10a-8 MSC.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook . change the view to Iso 1 View by selecting on this icon: Iso 1 View [-75 -60 0] [-75 60 0] Figure 10a.

x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Node ID List: Associate with Geometry Auto Execute Node Loocation List: Apply To see the node.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 5. use Node Size by clicking on this icon: Node Size [0 0 0] Create Node Edit 999 10 Curve 1:4 Create Mesh Curve MSC. Node create node 999 and add to model.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-9 . node 999. x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Glogal Edge Length: Curve List: Apply 6. Create the finite element model and mesh the curves.

.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook .1E10 0.. and Node 999 5 6 3 4 2 3 999 7 8 4 Y 1 Z X 2 1 7. Elastic Modulus Poisson Ratio Apply Cancel 7. Finite Elements.4 . Now you will create the material properties for the plate.Figure 10a. x Materials Action: Object: Method: Material Name Input Properties .3 Create Isotropic Manual Input mat_1 10a-10 MSC.Geometry.

.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 8.9 Curve 1:4 MSC.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-11 .. Give the curves a 3D shape by using Properties. x Properties Action: Dimension: Type: Property Set Name Input Properties .0 1. Material Name (Select from Material Property Sets box) Create 1D Beam Prop_1 m:mat_1 Node 999 Node Id Bar Orientation: note: both lines are for Bar Orientation s Asscoiate Beam Selection Click the beam library icon: New Section Name: Choose Tube Section: Prop_1 Tube Section R1 R2 OK OK Select Members Add 2.

Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook Create Froce Nodal Shear_Reaction <0. x Loads/BCs Action: Object: Type: New Set Name Input Data... 0> .. Next. Translations <T1 T2 T3> Rotations <R1 R2 R3> OK Select Application Region. Forces <F1 F2 F3> OK 10a-12 MSC. 0> x Geometry Point 1:7:2 Add OK Apply 10.. 0.3) Create Displacement Nodal Fixed_ends <0. -16.Apply 9.. apply the boundary conditions to the model. 0> <0. Now create the force on node 999. Geometry Filter Curve List (See Figure D. x Loads/BCs Action: Object: Type: New Set Name Input Data. 0..

6800> x FEM Node 999 Add OK Apply MSC. Forces <F1 F2 F3> Moment <M1 M2 M3> OK Select Application Region.. Geometry Filter Curve List (See Figure D.4) x FEM Node 999 Add OK Apply 11..WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Select Application Region. Apply the moment to the model..Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-13 .4) Create Froce Nodal Moment_Reaction <0. 0. 0> <0... 0.. x Loads/BCs Action: Object: Type: New Set Name Input Data. Geometry Filter Curve List (See Figure D.

5 .Froces and Boundry Conditions 123456 6 3 5 123456 4 2 3 16.Figure 10a. x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Define Terms..Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook . x Create Dependent Auto Execute Node List Node 999 Create MPC RBE3 10a-14 MSC..00 6800. Create the rigid element. 999 123456 8 4 7 Y 123456 Z X 2 1 1 12.

WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Select DOFs by holding the Shift key down while clicking with the left mouse button.4) Node 2:8:2 UX UY UZ DOFs Apply Cancel Apply MSC. DOFs UX UY UZ RX RY RZ Apply x Create Independent Node List (See Figure D. .Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-15 .

. Choose the desired analysis for Case1.RBE3 Elements.6 . and Boundary Conditions 123456 6 3 5 123456 4 2 3 16. x Load Cases Action: 10a-16 MSC. x Load Cases Action: Load Case Name: Asign/Prioritize Loads/BCs Select Loads/BCs to Add to Spreadsheet: OK Apply 14.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook Create Case_1 Displ_Fixed_ends Force_Shear_Reaction Create .00 6800.Figure 10a. 999 123456 8 4 7 Y 123456 2 Z X 1 1 13. Choose the desired analysis for Case2. Loads.

Available Subcases: Output Requests.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Case_2 Load Case Name: Asign/Prioritize Loads/BCs Select Loads/BCs to Add to Spreadsheet: Load/BC Name: Remove Selected Row OK Apply 15.....) OK Apply Available Subcases: Output Requests... Solution Type OK Subcase Create. x Analysis Action: Object: Method: Jobname Solution Type. Now you are ready to run the analysis. MSC..Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-17 Case_2 .. Select Result Type Force_Moment_Reaction Shear_Reaction Analyze Entire Model Analysis Deck bolt_load x Linear Static Case_1 Multi-Point Constraint Forces Element Forces Applied Load Grid Point Froce Balance (Click on each item onece to select.

. Subcases For Solution Sequence: 101 Subcases Selected: OK Apply An MSC. MSC.bdf will be generated..) Default (Click on this to deselect.Select Result Type Multi-Point Constraint Forces Element Forces Applied Load Grid Point Froce Balance OK Apply Cancel Subcase Select.Nastran input file called bolt_load.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook .) 10a-18 MSC.Patran Users should proceed to Step 16. This process of translating your model into an input file is called the Forward Translation. Case_1 Case_2 (Click on these to select. The Forward Translation is complete when the Heartbeat turns green.

APPENDIX D SOL 101 TIME 600 CEND TITLE = Shear and Moment Reactions .REAL)=ALL MPCFORCES(SORT1. + A * + B C MSC.BILIN)=ALL FORCE(SORT1.REAL)=ALL SPCFORCES(SORT1.Linear Static Analysis with RBE3 SUBCASE 1 SPC = 2 LOAD = 2 DISPLACEMENT(SORT1. GRID 3 75. PARAM WTMASS 1.REAL.NOCOMPS.1 and figure 10a. 60. 123 2 4 + C 6 8 GRID 1 75.1+10 . 10. 10.VONMISES. PARAM. 60. 16. MSC.REAL)=ALL SPCFORCES(SORT1. The result should be similar to the output below.REAL.BILIN)=ALL BEGIN BULK PARAM POST -1 PARAM PATVER 3.REAL)=ALL GPFORCE=ALL STRESS(SORT1. GRID 4 75.REAL)=ALL MPCFORCES(SORT1. PARAM AUTOSPC YES PARAM INREL 0 PARAM ALTRED NO PARAM COUPMASS -1 PARAM K6ROT 0.BILIN)=ALL FORCE(SORT1.bdf ID SEMINAR. -60.-1 PARAM PRTMAXIM YES PBARL 1 1 TUBE + A 2. 0. GRID 2 75.9 CBAR 1 1 1 2 999 CBAR 2 1 3 4 999 CBAR 3 1 5 6 999 CBAR 4 1 7 8 999 MAT1* 1 7.REAL)=ALL OLOAD(SORT1.Nastran Users: MSC.BILIN)=ALL SUBCASE 2 SPC = 2 LOAD = 4 DISPLACEMENT(SORT1.Nastran users can generate an input file using the data from table 10a.REAL.REAL)=ALL OLOAD(SORT1.REAL. 1.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-19 .VONMISES.REAL)=ALL GPFORCE=ALL STRESS(SORT1.3 * B RBE3 5 999 123456 1.1.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Generating an input file for MSC. 0. -60.Nastran input file: bolt_load.

. -60. 3 1. 60. 10a-20 MSC. -1. 5 5 7 0. 10. 1. 0.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook . 0.57735 0. 1. 0.57735 1. -75. 1. 6800. -60. 0. -75.GRID GRID GRID GRID GRID SPCADD LOAD LOAD SPC1 FORCE FORCE MOMENT ENDDATA 5 6 7 8 999 2 2 4 3 1 3 5 -75. 0. 1 3 3 16. . 10.57735 . 1 0 0 0 60. 10. 0. -75. 123456 999 999 999 1. 0.

Compare the results obtained in the .Nastran for analysis. search for the word: M U L T (spaces are necessary) Comparison of Results: 20. To submit the MSC. Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command. To submit the MSC.f06 file with the results onthe following page: MSC. 19. 17a. At the command prompt enter: nastran bolt_load scr=yes. find an available UNIX shell window. search for the word WARNING. Submit the input file to MSC.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-21 . If no matches exist.f06 file and search for the word FATAL. While still editing bolt_load.Nastran . edit the bolt_load. When the run is completed.dat file for analysis.bdf scr=yes.bdf file for analysis.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Submit the input file for analysis: 17.f06. Determine whether existing WARNING messages indicate modeling errors. 17b. At the command prompt enter: nastran bolt_load.Patran . find an available UNIX shell window. Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command. 18.

0 0.0 0.0 0.105691E+01 1.382114E+01 -1.0 0.0 0.0 R2 0.0 0.382114E+01 0.000000E+00 -4.800000E+03 T2 1.0 0.000000E+00 -4. 2 4 6 8 999 TYPE G G G G G T1 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 .0 0.0 R3 MSC.0 0.105691E+01 0.0 0.0 0.382114E+01 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 R2 R3 0.0 0.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook POINT ID.0 0.105691E+01 -1.0 0.0 O F M U L T I P O I N T T3 0.10a-22 SUBCASE 1 F O R C E S O F M U L T I P O I N T T3 0.000000E+00 -4.0 0.0 0. 2 4 6 8 999 CASE_2 0 TYPE G G G G G T1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -6.0 C O N S T R A I N T R1 0.0 T2 -4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 C O N S T R A I N T R1 0.600000E+01 SUBCAS F O R C E S POINT ID.382114E+01 -1.0 0.000000E+00 1.0 0.105691E+01 -1.0 0.0 0.

70kN (F” = 17. Pg.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-23 .057kN T2 = 13.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 21.5) Subcase 2 (Point 2) T1 = 11. Result Verification Subcase 1 (Point 2) T2 = -4kN (F’ = 4 kN.7kN.057 ) + ( 13. Pg. 5) MSC.82kN F’’ = ( T1 ) + ( T2 ) = 2 2 ( 11.82 ) 2 2 F” = 17.

op2 Read Output2 Result Entities Translate To select results.Patran Users should proceed to the next step. Static Subcase Grid Point Forces.22. Total To change the display attributes of the plot. click on the Display Attributes icon.. MSC. Select Results File OK Apply 24. x Results Action: Object: Create Fringe bolt_load. return to the Analysis form and proceed as follows: x Analysis Action: Object: Method Select Results File.Nastran Users have finished this exercise. Select Fringe to view different results with color spectrum analysis.Patran. MSC. 23.op2 results file into MSC. Select Result Select Result Case(s): Select Fringe Result: Case_1. click on the Select Results icon. When the translation is complete bring up the Results form. that is importing the bolt_load.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook . Display Attributes 10a-24 MSC. Proceed with the Reverse Translation process.. To do this.

Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-25 . x Results Action: Object: Create Deformation To select results. Display Attributes u Show Undeformed u Show Max/Min Label Apply MSC.. Label Format Significant figures OK Apply Continus 0. click on the Select Results icon. Select Result Select Result Case(s): Select Deformation Result: Case_1.. Static Subcase Grid Point Forces.WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 Style: Element Shrink Factor Display: Style: Label Style. click on the Display Attributes icon.05 Element Edges Exponential 5 Select Deformation to view physical changes of the model. Total To change the display attributes of the plot.

remember to select the Reset Graphics icon. Fringe Result. after Reset Graphics repeat step 23 and change Result Case(s). Quit MSC. Reset Graphics To view different results. If you wish to reset your display graphics to the state it was in before you began post-processing your model.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook .Patran when you are finished with this exercise.25. and Deformation Result. 10a-26 MSC.

WORKSHOP 10a Linear Static Analyis with RBE3 A rA B rB l C B C olt entroid y x l D M = F A’’r A + F B’’r B + F C’’r C + F D’’r D Since F A’’ F B’’ F C’’ F D’’ ------.= -------rA rB rC rD Mr n F n’’ = ---------------------------------------2 2 2 2 r A + rB + rC + rD Reference: Shigley & Mischke.= -------. Fifth Edition McGraw-Hill Book Company MSC.= -------. Mechanical Engineering Design.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook 10a-27 .

5 ) = ( 1000 ⋅ 0.5 ) ⁄ ( 0.5 + 0.1667 + 0.Sample Calculation: F A’’ = ( 1000 ⋅ 0.5 ) ⁄ ( 0.1667 ) F B’’ = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 2 2 2 ( 0.1667 + 0.1667 + 0.Nastran 105 Exercise Workbook .5 + 0.555 ) = 900 2 2 2 2 ( 1000 ⋅ 0.1667 + 0.5 ) = 300 10a-28 MSC.