This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. other LearningExpress products.C66 2009 646. LearningExpress (Organization) TT958. ISBN-13: 978-1-57685-698-7 (pbk. please write to us at: LearningExpress 2 Rector Street 26th Floor New York. New York. etc.Copyright © 2009 LearningExpress. paper) ISBN-10: 1-57685-698-4 (pbk. : alk. Published in the United States by LearningExpress. or bulk sales.com . questions. Beauty operators—Licenses—United States—Examinations.learnatest. : alk. I. etc. LLC. questions. p. Beauty culture—United States—Examinations. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Cosmetology certification exam—4th ed. 2. paper) 1.7’2076—dc22 2009016504 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Fourth Edition ISBN 978-1-57685-698-7 For information on LearningExpress. cm. NY 10006 Or visit us at: www. LLC.
Contents lesson 1 lesson 2 lesson 3 lesson 4 lesson 5 lesson 6 lesson 7 lesson 8 lesson 9 The Cosmetology Exam The LearningExpress Test Preparation System Cosmetology Practice Exam 1 Cosmetology Refresher Course Cosmetology Practice Exam 2 Cosmetology Practice Exam 3 Cosmetology Practice Exam 4 Cosmetology Advancement Foundation’s National Industry Skill Standards Cosmetology Boards by State 1 7 23 43 83 101 119 137 165 v .
the Cosmetology exam
lesson sU MMA RY
This lesson advises you on how to prepare to take the Cosmetology Exam. It outlines the contents of the exam and gives you some tips about how to use this book to study for it.
l e s s o n
ach state’s board of cosmetology sets certification standards for cosmetologists, manicurists, and estheticians. Although requirements and certification proceedings differ somewhat by state, most require both a written exam and a practical exam, and all are based on the same core content you studied in your cosmetology course. Three main companies provide cosmetology written tests throughout the United States. These companies are PSI (Psychological Services, Inc.), Thomson Prometric, and NIC (National Interstate Council of State Boards of Cosmetology, Inc.). Thirty-two states (including Guam and Washington, D.C.) use exams sponsored by NIC. Another 12 states use exams sponsored by Thomson Prometric. PSI handles only the state of Tennessee. All three testing companies create exams for state boards of cosmetology that encourage high standards for entry into the profession. Whether your state uses Thomson Prometric, an NIC, or a PSI exam, you will be tested on the fundamentals that you learned in your cosmetology course. A list of specific certification requirements for all 50 states, as well as contact information for the state boards of cosmetology, can be found starting on page 137 of this book.
Keep in mind. 5.nictesting.com Psi examination serviCe 3210 East Tropicana Avenue Las Vegas. that while the 2 . however. Nevada 89121 1-800-733-9267 basic content on each exam will be similar. Therefore. and the states they serve. which contain helpful information about the organizations. Because not all states use the same exam. The additional practice questions that constitute the Cosmetology Refresher Course in Lesson 4 follow the same format. the exams in this book contain questions that cover all the possible topic areas. Maryland 21244 www. visit their websites. and the basics of massage and hair removal.prometric. no matter what state you live in or what specific content is covered on the exam you take. 6. The following table shows the content of each practice exam in this book.org thomson PrometriC 3110 Lord Baltimore Drive Suite 200 Baltimore.O. the Cosmetology Written exam The 100 questions on the Cosmetology Exam are divided into a number of content areas that match the content areas you studied in your cosmetology course. Most written examinations for cosmetologists contain questions in four general areas: ■ ■ ■ ■ Scientific Concepts: 30% Infection Control ■ Microbiology ■ Methods of infection control ■ Federal regulations and universal precautions Human Anatomy and Physiology ■ Cells ■ Tissues ■ Body systems Nutrition ergonomics Basic Principles of Chemistry ■ Compounds. the category groupings can vary from state to state. The subtopics will reflect the topics you studied in your cosmetology course and the chapters in your textbook. and emulsions ■ The pH scale ■ Product ingredients ■ Chemical reactions Scientific Concepts Hair Care and Services Skin Care and Services Nail Care and Services The questions included in the four practice written exams in this book are found in Lessons 3. inC. national interstate CounCil of state Boards of Cosmetology. such as the business of running a beauty salon. solutions. presenting yourself as a professional. The table also lists the subtopics included under each main topic and the number of questions the exams typically contain for those topics. (niC) P. this book will help you prepare for your exam. Passing the test means that you have the knowledge required of an entry-level cosmetologist. and 7 and are grouped into these same general categories. Box 11390 Columbia. the tests they develop.–th e C osmetology exam– For more information about NIC. suspensions. South Carolina 29211 www. broken down in a system that is similar to that used for most state exams. or PSI. mixtures. Thomson Prometric.
–th e Cosmetology exam– Basic Principles of electricity ■ Electric current ■ Electric measurements ■ Electricity in cosmetology ■ Safety precautions and infection control Hairstyling Procedures ■ Client consultation ■ Wet styling ■ Long hair styling ■ Thermal styling ■ Safety precautions and infection control Braiding. Conditioning. Shampooing. and Hair enhancements/ Additions ■ Client consultation ■ Braiding ■ Hair extensions/additions ■ Wigs ■ Hairpieces ■ Safety precautions and infection control Chemical Texture Services ■ Client consultation ■ Permanent waving ■ Chemical hair relaxers ■ Soft curl permanent or curl reforming ■ Safety precautions and infection control Hair Coloring Procedures ■ Color theory ■ Client consultation ■ Types of hair color ■ Color selection ■ Hair color applications ■ Hair lightening ■ Special effects hair coloring ■ Hair color problems and corrections ■ Safety precautions and infection control Hair Care and Services: 50% Trichology ■ Properties and structure of hair and scalp ■ Hair analysis and hair quality ■ Hair growth ■ Hair loss (alopecia) ■ Disorders of the scalp Principles of Hair Design ■ Elements of hair design ■ Principles of hair design ■ Facial shapes Draping Procedures ■ Wet services ■ Dry services ■ Chemical services Brushing. wigs. and Hair and Scalp Treatment Procedures ■ Brushing the hair ■ Shampooing ■ Conditioning ■ Hair and scalp treatments ■ Safety precautions and infection control Haircutting Procedures ■ Basic principles of haircutting ■ Client consultation ■ Tools ■ Basic haircuts ■ Safety precautions and infection control Skin Care and Services: 10% Skin Histology ■ Anatomy of skin ■ Disorders of the skin ■ Functions of the skin 3 .
Facials. For each content area in which you are required to demonstrate your competence. all the needed materials. You would also be required to demonstrate how to do a test curl. Regardless of how your state conducts the practical exam.–th e C osmetology exam– Draping Procedures Hair removal Procedures ■ Client consultation ■ Temporary hair removal ■ Safety precautions and infection control Facial Procedures ■ Client consultation ■ Skin care tools and work area ■ Facial massage ■ Facial treatments ■ Safety precautions and infection control Facial Makeup Application ■ Client consultation ■ Cosmetics for facial makeup ■ Makeup color theory ■ Corrective theory ■ Safety precautions and infection control the Practical exam Virtually every state board of cosmetology requires a practical exam in addition to the written exam. as well as exactly how that material will be tested. such as Roller Placement. infection control procedures. and a time limit. you might be directed to wrap the center back section of a head and to section the hair for correct rod placement. most states require a number of additions to these subject areas. some content areas are considered essential. Similar strict guidelines and performance criteria would be given to you for each content area in which you were tested. to demonstrate your competence in chemical waving. you will be given a specific task. Content areas for the cosmetology practical exam usually include the following key topics: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Nail Care and Services: 10% Nail Structure and Growth ■ Nail growth ■ Nail disorders/diseases Manicure and Pedicure Procedures ■ Client consultation ■ Nail care tools and work area ■ Types of hand and foot massages ■ Types of manicures ■ Types of pedicures ■ Safety precautions and infection control Advanced Nail Procedures ■ Preservice and postservice ■ Artificial nail services ■ Safety precautions and infection control ■ Hair Shaping Chemical Waving Hair Lightening/Hair Coloring Chemical Relaxing Shaping and Pin Curl Placement Thermal Curling Blow-Dry Styling In addition. so you must consult your state board for the specific material that will be included on your exam. Manicuring. and client protection procedures. and Sculptured Nails. You will be evaluated on your use of proper safety precautions. The content included on the exam varies by state. 4 . For example. either to maintain reciprocity of certification from state to state or to meet common job descriptions.
The practice exam questions are also grouped by content area. Chances are that both will have improved. Remember. Begin by determining your major areas of weakness. you find that they break down into the following content areas: ■ ■ ■ ■ Scientific Concepts: you missed 18 out of 36 answers Hair Care and Services: you missed 3 out of 23 Skin Care and Services: you missed 10 out of 20 Nail Care and Services: you missed 3 out of 21 In this example. Try putting in one or two evenings of study specifically on each of these areas. follow the suggestions in the next paragraphs. the passing score on most exams is approximately 75%. Do put in some concentrated study time. If you have some downtime—say. This chapter shows you essential testtaking strategies that you can practice as you take the exams in this book. First. you will still need some test preparation. For example. suppose you answered 35 of the pretest questions incorrectly. check your total score and content area breakdown. After you have spent some time on the Cosmetology Refresher Course. don’t panic. the Cosmetology Refresher Course. One strategy for using the Cosmetology Refresher Course is to answer all the questions within one content area (each has a heading) and then review all the answer explanations in that section.–th e Cosmetology exam– Using This Book to Prepare for the Written Test This book contains 250 review questions in the Cosmetology Refresher Course (Lesson 4). or 65% correct. If you score lower than 75% on Cosmetology Practice Exam 1. Score your answers using the answer key that follows the exam. you should feel ready to take Practice Exam 2 in Lesson 5. congratulations! Don’t assume that this means you will easily pass the actual test without practice. Then. On rereading the questions you missed. even though the questions have been purposely set in the same multiple-choice format of an actual exam. review all materials on these topics in your cosmetology textbook and printed materials. however. each containing 100 multiplechoice questions. The test questions on the day of your exam may be different from those on the practice test. The first step in using this book to prepare for your Cosmetology Exam is to read Lesson 2. your analysis tells you that you need to devote extra study time to two areas: Scientific Concepts and Skin Care and Services. it is time to use Lesson 4. Your next step is to take the first cosmetology practice exam. Take the flash cards with you wherever you go. Another idea is to take the questions from your weakest content area and copy them onto flash cards. If you score higher than 75% on your first practice test. waiting for an appointment or in line at the grocery store—you can test yourself with your flash cards. as a pretest. This process should reinforce correct answers and immediately modify wrong answers. giving you a score of 65. Now that you have taken and analyzed the pretest and reviewed some weak areas. Don’t treat this 250-question review as a test. arranged by content grouping. Although you are well on your way to passing. 5 . check the content breakdown on pages 2–4 to make sure you understand what topics are included in each area. Move on to the next section and do the same. which presents the nine-step LearningExpress Test Preparation System. Once again. since this is the way many state exams are arranged. Lesson 3. No matter what your initial score is. as well as four complete cosmetology practice exams. Complete explanations for the answers are included in the key.
That knowledge tells you what specific materials to review. Good luck as you advance in this rewarding and glamorous career! 6 . After reading and studying this book. Use the third and fourth practice exams to rehearse test-taking strategies and procedures. you’ll be well on your way to passing the Cosmetology Exam.–th e C osmetology exam– In the time leading up to the Cosmetology Exam. For example. use the final days before the test to keep fresh and do some general brushing-up on your knowledge and your test-taking skills. you may find that now you do very well on all Hair Care and Services questions except those that concern hair relaxing. Once you have worked on and improved your areas of weakness. Devote a short period of time each day to reviewing several chapters of your textbook. use the two remaining exams (Lessons 6 and 7) to further pinpoint areas of weakness to review.
the bad news: Taking the Cosmetology Exam is no picnic. Your career depends on your passing the exam. It demands a lot of preparation if you want to achieve a top score.2 the learningexPress test PreParation system lesson sU MMA RY Taking the Cosmetology Exam can be tough. having to work on an empty stomach. Your future career as a cosmetologist depends on your getting a passing score. gives you the discipline and attitude you need to be a winner. how to use the process of elimination. Here are some of the obstacles that can stand in the way of your success: Being unfamiliar with the format of the exam Being paralyzed by test anxiety Leaving your preparation to the last minute Not preparing at all! Not knowing vital test-taking skills: how to pace yourself through the exam. and when to guess Not being in tip-top mental and physical shape Arriving late at the test site. l e s s o n ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ F irst. and neither is getting ready for it. but there are all sorts of pitfalls that can keep you from doing your best on this all-important exam. The LearningExpress Test Preparation System. developed exclusively for LearningExpress by leading test experts. or shivering through the exam because the room is cold 7 .
Make a Plan Step 4. the next steps in the LearningExpress Test Preparation System will show you what to do about it. The practical skills exam attempts to measure your ability to apply what you know. “Certification Requirements” Knowledge is power. “ The Cosmetology Exam. Know When to Guess Step 7. although it’s perfectly okay if you work faster or slower than the time estimates assume. You will have taken all the steps you need to take to get a high score on the Cosmetology Exam. Here’s how the LearningExpress Test Preparation System works: Nine easy steps lead you through everything you need to know and do to get ready to master your exam. The written exam attempts to measure your knowledge of your trade. while your ability to fill in the right little circles on a bubble answer sheet is easy to evaluate. Get Your Act Together Step 9. you’re in control. Learn to Use the Process of Elimination Step 6. It’s important for you to remember that your score on the cosmetology written exam does not determine how smart you are or even whether you will make a good cosmetologist. step 1: get information Time to complete: 50 minutes Activities: Read Lesson 1. If you can take an afternoon or evening. This is not to say that filling in the right little circles is not important! The knowledge tested on the We estimate that working through the entire system will take you approximately three hours. Get Information Step 2. Other test takers may let the test get the better of them. Do It! Total 50 minutes 20 minutes 30 minutes 10 minutes 20 minutes 20 minutes 10 minutes 10 minutes 10 minutes 3 hours you can break it up and do just one or two steps a day for the next several days. Those kinds of things are hard to evaluate. There are all kinds of things a written exam like this can’t test: whether you are likely to show up late or call in sick a lot. Learn to Manage Your Time Step 5. Conquer Test Anxiety Step 3. In just nine easy-to-follow steps. It’s up to you—remember.–the learningex Press test PreParation system– What’s the common denominator in all these test-taking pitfalls? One word: control.” and Lesson 9. you or the exam? Now the good news: The LearningExpress Test Preparation System puts you in control. Part A: Straight Talk about the Cosmetology Exam The cosmetology written exam is just one part of a whole series of evaluations you have to go through to show that you are prepared to perform the many. Who’s in control. Once you have your information. varied tasks of a cosmetologist. Each step tells you approximately how much time that step will take you to complete. Otherwise. Reach Your Peak Performance Zone Step 8. 8 . comfortable relationships that will keep your clients coming back. whether you have the interpersonal skills necessary to build the trusting. but not you. Each of the steps listed here includes both reading about the step and one or more activities. It’s important that you do the activities along with the reading. Step 1. other test takers may be unprepared or out of shape. or you won’t be getting the full benefit of the system. The first step in the LearningExpress Test Preparation System is finding out everything you can about the Cosmetology Exam. and whether you have an enthusiastic dedication to learning and performing your trade well. you will learn everything you need to know to make sure that you are in charge of your preparation for and your performance on the exam. you can work through the whole LearningExpress Test Preparation System in one sitting.
Stand in front of the mirror and say to your reflection. you have to overcome one of the biggest obstacles to test success: test anxiety. you will believe it. don’t listen. A positive attitude is a great way to combat test anxiety. I know I can do it. but can also even keep you from preparing! In Step 2. you will learn stress management techniques that will help you succeed on your exam. If you hear it often enough. Every time someone starts telling you how hard the exam is or how it’s almost impossible to get a high score. ■ Get prepared. Stress Management before the Test If you feel your level of anxiety getting the best of you in the weeks before the test. Fight negative messages. start telling them your self-confidence messages. Use it faithfully. I’m full of self-confidence. This is no time to be humble or shy. in fact. And your ability to enter the profession you’ve trained for depends on passing this exam. Learn these strategies now. Turn on your tape recorder and listen to your self-confidence messages. Following is the Test Stress Test. Next. here is what you need to do to bring the level down again: ■ step 2: Conquer test anxiety ■ Time to complete: 20 minutes Activity: Take the Test Stress Test Having complete information about the exam is the first step in getting control of the exam. which gives you an overview of the typical cosmetology written exams. Everyone gets nervous before a big exam—and if that nervousness motivates you to prepare thoroughly. It’s said that Sir Laurence Olivier. “I’m prepared. and remind yourself that you’re better prepared than most of the people taking the test. If you haven’t already gotten the full rundown on certification procedures as part of your training program. so they’ll be second nature to you by exam day. That’s why you’re reading this book. ■ Combatting Test Anxiety The first thing you need to know is that a little test anxiety is a good thing.–the lea rningexPress test PreParation system– written exam is knowledge you will need to do your job. Always keep in mind that states use different exams. Stop here and answer these questions to find out whether your level of test anxiety is something you should worry about. I’m going to ace this test. Practice self-confidence. Visualize. threw up before every performance. it probably gave him a little extra edge—just the kind of edge you need to do well. Visualizing success can help make it happen—and 9 . Think of yourself at a fashion shoot. and practice them as you work through the exams in this book. Test anxiety not only impairs your performance on the exam itself. whether on a stage or in an examination room. Turn to Lesson 9 for a state-by-state boards overview. If the someone with the negative messages is you telling yourself you don’t do well on exams and you just can’t do this. Imagine yourself reporting for duty on your first day as a cosmetologist. There’s nothing like knowing what to expect and being prepared for it to put you in control of test anxiety.” Say it into a tape recorder and play it back once a day. you can contact your state cosmetology agency listed in Lesson 9 for details. stop here and read Lesson 1 of this book. one of the foremost British actors of this century. so much the better. Part B: What’s on the Test If you haven’t already done so. styling the hair and making up the faces of top models—you’re part of the action. And that’s why you’re here—using the LearningExpress Test Preparation System to achieve control over the exam. His stage fright didn’t impair his performance.
depending on your score. The counselor may be willing to help you or may suggest someone else you should talk to. and you should practice the stress management techniques listed in this section to try to bring your test anxiety down to manageable levels. The following questionnaire will provide a diagnosis of your level of test anxiety. it’s probably just enough to give you that little extra edge. Call your local high school or community college and ask for the academic counselor. write the number that most accurately describes your experience. I have simply not showed up for an exam because I was scared to take it. 10 . If you scored: ■ Below 3. I have failed an exam because I was too nervous to complete it. Total: Add up the numbers in the blanks above. ■ ■ Above 6. I have experienced disabling physical symptoms such as vomiting and severe headaches because I was nervous about an exam. you may want to seek additional. your test anxiety may be enough to impair your performance. your level of test anxiety is nothing to worry about. Tell the counselor that you have a level of test anxiety that sometimes keeps you from being able to take the exam. your level of test anxiety is a serious concern. In the blank before each statement.Test Stress Test You need to worry about test anxiety only if it is extreme enough to impair your performance. I have had trouble filling in the little circles because my hands were shaking too hard. Your Test Stress Score Here are the steps you should take. personal help. 0 = Never 1 = Once or twice 2 = Sometimes 3 = Often I have gotten so nervous before an exam that I simply put down the books and didn’t study for it. Between 3 and 6. I have experienced dizziness and disorientation while taking an exam. In addition to practicing the stress management techniques listed in this section.
Spending hours on the day before the exam poring over sample test questions not only raises your level of test anxiety. If you practice in advance. accept what has happened. These methods work best if you practice them in the weeks before the test. but also is simply no substitute for careful preparation and practice over time. Say to yourself. 11 When anxiety threatens to overwhelm you right there during the exam. Shake your hands from the wrist. close your eyes. you can use the suggested schedules here to construct your own. “Hey. Too many people fail to prepare simply because they fail to plan. Take a deep breath while you count to five. Rotate your shoulders. Then you’re ready to go back to work. Exercise. Now close your eyes and imagine you’re actually there. and then let it out on a count of five. there are still things you can do to manage the stress level: ■ ■ Repeat your self-confidence messages. Instead. Move your body. Physical activity helps calm your body down and focus your mind. being in good physical shape can actually help you do well on the exam. or whatever. You should have them memorized by now. and answer it. I lost it there for a minute. If you’re the kind of person who doesn’t like to follow other people’s plans. lift weights. ■ ■ Deep breathing. Try rolling your head in a circle. Take a mental break. Go for a run. here they are. It’s normal. . go swimming—and do it regularly. ■ Find an easy question.” Put down your pencil. answering every question right and finishing just before time is up. Skim over the test until you find an easy question. so you shouldn’t worry about it. Try these techniques ahead of time.–the lea rningexPress test PreParation system– ■ it reminds you of why you’re going through all this work in preparing for the exam. based on the amount of time you have before you take the cosmetology written exam. visualize yourself moving smoothly and quickly through the test. this one works best if you’ve practiced it ahead of time. Besides. Visualize again. walking through the park. On the following pages are two sample schedules. Like most visualization techniques. so you know which ones work for you. ■ ■ Stress Management on Test Day There are several ways you can bring down your level of test anxiety on test day. Many people find these movements very relaxing. This time. Even more important than making a plan is making a commitment. Everyone loses concentration once in a while during a long test. You can’t review everything you learned in your cosmetology course in one night. Hold it for a count of one. and do some deep breathing for a few seconds. If you’re the kind of person who needs deadlines and assignments to motivate you for a project. Getting even one circle filled in gets you into the test-taking groove. Say them quietly to yourself. Take control of your preparation time by mapping out a study schedule. My brain is taking a break. Don’t fall into the cram trap. you’ll find that you need only a few seconds of this exercise to experience a significant increase in your sense of well-being. Think of the place where you are most relaxed: lying on the beach in the sun. and believe them! Visualize one more time. and see if they work for you! step 3: make a Plan Time to complete: 30 minutes Activity: Construct a study plan Maybe the most important thing you can do to get control of yourself and your exam is to make a study plan. Repeat several times.
Days 7–10 Study the two areas you identified as your weak points. Days 13–18 Study the one area you identified for review. Day 5 Take the first practice exam found in Lesson 3. identify one area to review. use the Refresher Course in Lesson 4 for extra practice in this area. you have plenty of time to prepare—as long as you don’t waste it! If you have less than a month. Day before Relax. Twenty minutes daily will do you much more good than two hours on Saturday. Use the outline of skills on the test given in Lesson 1 to show you which are your strongest and weakest areas. On Day 4. Day 12 Score the second practice exam. Day 20 Once again. Days 20–21 Study the one area you identified for review. Day 6 Score the first practice exam. 12 . turn to Schedule B. A few minutes a day. with half an hour or more on weekends. Days 26–27 Review all the areas that have given you the most trouble in the three practice exams you’ve taken so far. based on your score on the third practice exam. Day 19 Take the third practice exam found in Lesson 6. particularly noting 1) areas you expect to be emphasized on the exam and 2) areas you don’t remember well. concentrate on those areas. Again. TIMe PrePArATIoN TIMe PrePArATIoN Days 1–4 Skim over the written materials from your training program. Day 11 Take the second practice exam in Lesson 5. Use the Refresher Course in Lesson 4 for extra practice in these areas. using the Refresher Course in Lesson 4 for extra practice. Identify one area to concentrate on before you take the third practice exam. Schedule A: The 30-Day Plan If you have at least a month before you take the Cosmetology Exam. Identify two areas that you will concentrate on before you take the second practice exam. Don’t put off your study until the day before the exam. Day 28 Take the fourth practice exam in Lesson 7.–the learningex Press test PreParation system– You have to set aside some time every day for study and practice. Try for at least 20 minutes a day. Days 22–25 Take an overview of all your training materials. doing any sample questions in these areas from Lesson 4 that you haven’t already done. Note how much you’ve improved! Day 29 Review one or two weak areas. consolidating your strengths and improving on your weaknesses. Start now. can make a big difference in your score. Do something unrelated to the the exam exam and go to bed at a reasonable hour.
and find out which areas need the most work. Use the Refresher Course in Lesson 4 for extra practice. choose a new weak area to study today. Again. Take the second practice exam in Lesson 5 and score it. you may have your work cut out for you. Choose your weakest area from the third practice exam to review. Use the Refresher Course in Lesson 4 for extra practice in these areas. Use this ten-day schedule to help you make the most of your time. TIMe PrePArATIoN TIMe PrePArATIoN Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Take the first practice exam in Lesson 3 and score it using the answer key at the end. based on your exam score. review them. Day 6 Day 7 Day 8 Day 9 Day 10 Day before the exam Take the third practice exam in Lesson 6 and score it. Review another area that gave you trouble on the first practice exam. use the questions in Lesson 4 for extra practice.–the lea rningexPress test PreParation system– Schedule B: The Ten-Day Plan If you have two weeks or less before you take the exam. 13 . Review one area that gave you trouble on the first practice exam. If your score on the second practice exam doesn’t show improvement on the two areas you studied. Relax. Use your last study day to brush up on any areas that are still giving you trouble. Take the fourth practice exam in Lesson 7 and score it. Do any sample questions in those areas from Lesson 4 that you haven’t already done. Turn to the list of subject areas on the exam in Lesson 1. Do something unrelated to the exam and go to bed at a reasonable hour. Review any areas that you have not yet covered in this schedule. If you did improve in those areas.
Don’t rush. hair. you start with choice a.–the learningex Press test PreParation system– step 4: learn to manage your time Time to complete: 10 minutes to read. a good deal of what you study 14 . you should be one-quarter of the way through the test. Trichology is the study of ■ ■ ■ Follow directions. and 6 of the LearningExpress Test Preparation System put you in charge of your exam by showing you test-taking strategies that work. Try to keep calm and work methodically and quickly. “Hair” looks like a good choice. b. cards.” when you’re only three-quarters of the way through the test. magic. If you don’t know the answer. that standard wisdom applies to your exam. Pace yourself. Keep moving. even if the right answer jumps out at you. d. If you skip a question. too. c. rushing won’t help. pick up the pace a bit. If you’re allowed to write in your exam booklet. Let’s say you’re facing a question that goes like this: 12. 5. and then you’ll be ready to use them on test day. If you’re falling behind. Most cosmetology exams have a time limit. You should always use the process of elimination on a question like this. Proceed through the answer choices in order. skip the question and move on. for the purpose of this exercise. When one-quarter of the time has elapsed. after all. It’s a terrible feeling to hear the examiner say. Ask questions before the exam begins if there’s anything you don’t understand. If they’re written on the exam booklet. Keep track of your place on the answer sheet. write down the beginning time and the ending time of the exam. read them carefully. which may give you more than enough time to complete all the questions—or may not. It’s standard test-taking wisdom that you should always read all the answer choices before choosing your answer. If the directions are given orally. Here are some tips to keep that from happening to you. First. This helps you find the right answer by eliminating wrong answer choices. Sometimes. Let’s assume. and compare the time to how far you’ve gotten in the test. sure enough. beauty. listen to them. too. that you’re a little rusty on your terminology. Check yourself every five to ten questions to make sure the question number and the answer sheet number are still the same. So. the answer that jumps out isn’t right after all. ■ ■ answer sheet. so you need to use a little intuition to make up for what you don’t remember. your next most important tool for taking control of your exam is using the process of elimination wisely. make sure you skip it on the a. you will take control of your time on the exam. and so on. “Five minutes left. Practice these strategies as you take the sample tests in this book. And. Circle the number of the question in your test booklet in case you have time to come back to it later. Although you should keep moving. Don’t dither around on one question. many hours of practice! Activities: Practice these strategies as you take the sample tests in this book Steps 4. Glance at your watch every few minutes. step 5: learn to use the Process of elimination Time to complete: 20 minutes Activity: Complete Using the Process of Elimination worksheet After time management.
devise your own system. If you’ve got the time to be extra careful.–the lea rningexPress test PreParation system– has to do with hair. More often. magic. c. Trichology is the study of ✓ ? X X a. the process of elimination allows you to get down to only two possibly right answers. If so. The process of elimination is your tool for the next step.” in which a fraction of your wrong answers is subtracted from your right answers—but cosmetology exams don’t tend to work like that. The more complicated answer to the question “Should I guess?” depends on you—your personality and your “guessing intuition.” On to the next. which is knowing when to guess. you find it simply by getting rid of the wrong ones. Why would the test makers ask you a question about magic? Put an X next to this one so you never have to look at it again. The answer explanations for this worksheet show one possible way you might use the process to arrive at the right answer. d. step 6: Know When to guess Time to complete: 20 minutes Activity: Complete the Your Guessing Ability worksheet Armed with the process of elimination. Try using your powers of elimination on the questions in the Using the Process of Elimination worksheet that follows. you should simply mark choice a on your answer sheet. Put a check mark next to choice a. you’re better prepared to make an educated guess. meaning “well. and the word trichology sounds very familiar to you. as you did in the previous example. bad. The questions aren’t about cosmetology work. you can often use process of elimination to get rid of one answer choice. I might use this one. 15 . beauty. Even when you think you’re absolutely clueless about a question. Some exams have what’s called a “guessing penalty. If you’re pressed for time. you’re ready to take control of one of the big questions in test taking: Should I guess? The first and main answer is yes. It’s good to have a system for marking good. you have nothing to lose and everything to gain by guessing. maybe. hair. Now your question looks like this: 12. even though you don’t know the right answer. But you know that words associated with beauty usually begin with belle or beau. The number of questions you answer correctly yields your raw score. cards. Just make sure you do it long before test day— while you’re working through the practice exams in this book—so you won’t have to worry about it during the test. too. Then you’re in a strong position to guess. and maybe answers. We recommend this one: X = bad ✓ = good ? = maybe If you don’t like these marks.” There are two things you need to know about yourself before you go into the exam: You’ve got just one check mark. they’re just designed to show you how the process of elimination works. for a good answer. What do cards have to do with being a cosmetologist? It’s safe to put an X next to this one.” Choice c doesn’t seem likely. since beauty is another subject you’ve studied in depth. Put a question mark next to choice b. “Beauty” looks good. you could compare your checkmark answer to your question-mark answers to make sure that it’s better. b. Choice d seems just as unlikely. And sometimes. meaning “good answer. So. as you’ll see in Step 6.
“All drivers of commercial vehicles must carry a valid commercial driver’s license whenever operating a commercial vehicle. juvenile delinquency. which of the following people need NOT carry a commercial driver’s license? a. The difference between Ed’s age and Meghan’s age is twice the difference between Ilsa’s age and Meghan’s age. a truck driver idling his engine while waiting to be directed to a loading dock b. a bus operator backing her bus out of the way of another bus in the bus lot c. Then choice b is wrong.” According to this sentence. The limo driver in choice d is operating 16 . Which of the following words is spelled correctly? a. idling counts as “operating. The difference between their ages is 5. 1. then Meghan must be 5. increased risk of stroke and heart attack. The difference between Ed’s age. Is the truck driver in choice a “operating a commercial vehicle”? Yes. for choice b. c. Is 24 two times 5? No. Ilsa is as old as Meghan will be in five years. Ed is 29. 29. c. You could eliminate choice c in the same way and be left with choice d. a limousine driver taking the limousine to her home after dropping off her last passenger of the evening 3. 5. Note the word not in the question. and Meghan’s age. 2. 19 d. incorrigible b. d. 4 b. outragous c. understandible Answers Here are the answers.Using the Process of elimination Use the process of elimination to answer the following questions. is 24. as well as some suggestions as to how you might have used the process of elimination to find them. all forms of respiratory disease. if Ilsa is 10. 24 2. Likewise. a taxi driver driving his personal car to the grocery store d. 1. b. The best way to eliminate other answer choices is to try plugging them in to the information given in the problem. d. Ilsa can’t be four years old if Meghan is going to be Ilsa’s age in five years. For instance.” so he needs to have a commercial driver’s license. the bus operator in choice b is operating a commercial vehicle. You should have eliminated choice a right off the bat. the question doesn’t say the operator has to be on the street. and go through the answers one by one. increasing mortality rates over the past ten years. How old is Ilsa? a. 10 c. 4. Smoking tobacco has been linked to a. domestickated d.
domesticated. Newton’s first law. Costa Rica. Because of the expansion of the universe. Spring and Autumn Annals d. You are left with the correct choice. Epicureanism. use that knowledge to help you eliminate wrong answer choices. but you would still be able to eliminate two answers and have only two to choose from. then you were home free. b. India. c. b. 1874. even if it doesn’t have a passenger in it. d. Pelagianism. a. 17 . 3. too. American author Gertrude Stein was born in a. but his own private car. 4. F = ma c. rather than more? So how could smoking be responsible for a higher mortality rate? (If you didn’t know that mortality rate means the rate at which people die. Manichaeanism. a. I Ching b. If you knew that the correct spellings were outrageous. 1713. 2. Rather. you might keep this choice as a possibility. Choice c looks attractive until you think a little about what you know—aren’t fewer people smoking these days. 1901. This phenomenon is known as a. Such absolutes hardly ever appear in correct answer choices. September 7 is Independence Day in a.) And choice d is plain silly. d. Hubble flow. so you could eliminate that one. The religious and philosophical doctrine that holds that the universe is constantly in a struggle between good and evil is known as a. p = MV b.Using the Process of elimination (continued) a commercial vehicle. However. Brazil. You could eliminate choice b simply because of the presence of the word all. this is an assessment of your ability to guess when you don’t have a clue. c. You are not supposed to know the answers. the cabbie in choice c is not operating a commercial vehicle. Australia. 1830. E =mc2 3. d. P = IV d. 5. 4. the stars and other celestial bodies are all moving away from each other. b. Book of History 6. b. Book of Holiness c. a. d. Which of the following is the formula for determining the momentum of an object? a. neo-Hegelianism. Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Classics attributed to Confucius? a. c. If you have any knowledge of the subject. and understandable. 1. How you used the process of elimination here depends on which words you recognized as being spelled incorrectly. the big bang. Surely you knew that at least one of those words was wrong! Your Guessing Ability The following are ten really hard questions. as if you were expected to answer it. Read each question carefully. c. gravitational collapse.
you are at least an average guesser— maybe better—and you should always go ahead and guess on the real exam. improved your odds of guessing right from one in four to one in three. According to probability. on a test with four answer choices. John Blair. c. c. Maybe you didn’t know who the third Chief Justice was (question 7). but you knew that John Jay was the first. How Did You Do? You may have simply gotten lucky and actually known the answer to one or two questions. the leaves c. the stem d. 4. 8. In that case. The winner of the Masters golf tournament in 1953 was a. Connecticut. b. d. c. you may be a really terrific guesser. c. The state with the highest per capita personal income in 1980 was a. d. Texas. or. a. 2. Ben Hogan. Which of the following is the poisonous portion of a daffodil? a. d. though. if you don’t have time while you take the practice tests. b. your chance of guessing correctly is one in four. Arnold Palmer. James Wilson. Sam Snead. If you got one or none right. 1. you need to improve your guessing skills. the bulb b. 5. The third Chief Justice of the U. d. the flowers 9.Your Guessing Ability (continued) 7. John Jay. 10. 10. If you got four or more right. 18 . d. c. 6. Circle the numbers of questions you guess on as you make your guess. So keep a separate “guessing” score for each exam. 3. Supreme Court was a. Answers Check your answers against the following correct answers. a. William Cushing. you would have eliminated choice d and. 7. b. b. b. If the number you got right is significantly lower than one-fourth of the number you guessed on. b. that this is only a small sample. a. Remember. therefore.S. New York. you may be a really bad guesser. In addition. 9. Keep in mind. you should get twoand-a-half answers correct. Cary Middlecoff. 8. How many questions did you guess on? How many did you get right? If the number you got right is at least one-fourth of the number of questions you guessed on. Alaska. so getting either two or three right would be average. your guessing was probably more successful if you were able to use the process of elimination on any of the questions. You should continue to keep track of your guessing ability as you work through the sample questions in this book. go back afterward and try to remember which questions you guessed on.
A half hour of vigorous activity—enough to raise a sweat—every day should be your aim. every other day is okay. complete the Your Guessing Ability worksheet. if need be. and then go to bed half an hour earlier that night. are especially good “brain foods. you’ll just toss and turn if you go to bed early without having gotten up early. And if you’re already keeping fit—or trying to get that way— don’t let the pressure of preparing for an exam fool you into quitting now. But you may want to have a sense of how good your intuition is before you go into the exam. To find out if you’re a good guesser. If you’re really pressed for time. for at least a week before the exam. Use the following Physical Preparation Checklist to make sure you’re in tip-top form. or whatever your favorite carbohydrate is. such as fish and beans. even if you don’t always get it. If you’re not a morning person and your exam will be given in the morning. proper diet. Rest You probably know how much sleep you need every night to be at your best. your mind on test day. too. weeks to complete! Activity: Complete the Physical Preparation Checklist To get ready for a challenge like a big exam. Make sure you do get that much sleep. Exercise. Don’t try it the other way around.m. along with protein and carbohydrates. and so on. the time during which you’re preparing for an exam is actually an excellent time to start one. and eliminate alcohol and any other drugs from your system at least two weeks before the exam. It also increases the oxygen supply throughout your body. you have to take control of your physical. The next morning. and rest will ensure that your body works with. rice and beans. as well as during your preparation. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. you might “carboload” the way athletes do before a contest. though. so you’ll be at peak performance on test day. step 7: reach your Peak Performance Zone Time to complete: 10 minutes to read. The way it works is to get up half an hour earlier each morning. But don’t overdo it. Moderation is the key. state. You don’t want to exhaust yourself. including your brain. What your body needs for peak performance is simply a balanced diet. even if you’re a play-it-safe person with lousy intuition.–the lea rningexPress test PreParation system– ■ ■ Are you a risk taker? Are you a good guesser? You will have to decide about your risk-taking quotient on your own. Frankly. Eat a big plate of spaghetti. Moderation is important here. as well as your mental. Exercise helps reduce stress by pumping wonderful. you’re still safe in guessing every time. Choose an activity you like and get out there and do it. Foods that are high in lecithin (an amino acid). rather than against. Exercise If you don’t already have a regular exercise program going. You have to start this process well before the exam. get up another half an hour earlier.” The night before the exam. Jogging 19 . you should reset your internal clock so that your body doesn’t think you’re taking an exam at 3 a. Go easy on caffeine and nicotine. Extra sleep will just make you groggy. Diet First of all. or take a radio. How long you will have to do this depends on how late you’re used to getting up. cut out the junk. Promise yourself a binge the night after the exam. with a friend always makes the time go faster. good-feeling hormones called endorphins into your system. The best thing would be if you could overcome your anxieties and go ahead and mark an answer.
Remember.Physical Preparation Checklist During the week before the test. write down 1) what physical exercise you engaged in and for how long and 2) what you ate for each meal. you’re trying for at least half an hour of exercise every other day (preferably every day) and a balanced diet that’s light on junk food. exam minus 7 days Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch:_________________________________________ Dinner:________________________________________ Snacks:________________________________________ exam minus 6 days Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch: ________________________________________ Dinner: _______________________________________ Snacks: _______________________________________ exam minus 5 days Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch: ________________________________________ Dinner: _______________________________________ Snacks: _______________________________________ exam minus 4 days Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch: ________________________________________ Dinner: _______________________________________ Snacks: _______________________________________ exam minus 3 days Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch: ________________________________________ Dinner: _______________________________________ Snacks: _______________________________________ exam minus 2 days Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch: ________________________________________ Dinner: _______________________________________ Snacks: _______________________________________ exam minus 1 day Exercise: ______ for ______ minutes Breakfast: _____________________________________ Lunch: ________________________________________ Dinner: _______________________________________ Snacks: _______________________________________ 20 .
So do it. like the testing site and the materials you need to take the exam. Plan on dressing in layers. And look forward to your future career as a cosmetologist! Find Out Where the Test Is and Make a Trial Run The testing agency or your cosmetology instructor will notify you when and where your exam is being held. lay out the clothes you will wear and the materials you have to bring with you to the exam. use the bathroom. Do you know how to get to the testing site? Do you know how long it will take to get there? If not. A cup of coffee doesn’t count. Don’t Skip Breakfast Even if you don’t usually eat breakfast. Now it’s time to take charge of external factors. Give yourself something to look forward to. make a trial run. Cereal with milk and just a little sugar. either. You know when and where to show up and what to bring with you. mental. Then. and emotional state. preferably on the same day of the week at the same time of day. will do your body a world of good. Plan a celebration. You practiced your test-taking strategies while working through this book. Go into the exam. Just one more thing. you’re in charge of test anxiety. plus test-taking time Activity: Ace the Cosmetology Exam! Fast forward to exam day. Plan on arriving 10–15 minutes early so you can get the lay of the land. When you’re done with the exam. Call up your friends and plan a party. you will have earned a reward. Go in there and ace the exam. step 9: do it! Time to complete: 10 minutes. do so on exam morning. You’re in control of your physical. you won’t have any control over the temperature of the examination room. and your performance on the exam. you’re better prepared than most of the other people taking the Cosmetology Exam with you. your environment.–the lea rningexPress test PreParation system– step 8: get your act together Time to complete: 10 minutes to read. and make sure you get up that early every day for a week before the exam. or have a nice dinner for two—whatever your heart desires. A mix of protein and carbohydrates is best: 21 . Use the checklist on the Final Preparations worksheet to help you pull together what you’ll need. Make note. Have a sweater or jacket you can take off if it’s warm. figure out how early you will have to get up that morning. on the Final Preparations worksheet on page 22. and calm down. time to complete will vary Activity: Complete Final Preparations worksheet You’re in control of your mind and body. and your testtaking strategies. In other words. of the amount of time it will take you to get to the exam site. armed with test-taking strategies you’ve practiced until they’re second nature. You made a study plan and followed through. or eggs with toast. your preparation. Gather Your Materials The night before the exam. full of confidence. You’re in control of yourself. You’re psyched. Don’t eat doughnuts or other sweet foods. You’re ready. You’re ready to succeed. A sugar high will leave you with a sugar low in the middle of the exam. And then do it.
2 pencils 22 .) Things to Lay Out the Night Before Clothes I will wear Sweater/jacket Watch Photo ID No.Final Preparations Getting to the Exam Site Location of exam site: Date: Departure time: Do I know how to get to the exam site? Time it will take to get to exam site Yes No (If no. make a trial run.
Exam 1 is based on the cosmetology subjects tested throughout the United States. See Lesson 1 for additional information on the exam. The answer sheet is on the following page. each fully explained. When you have read and understood all the answers. Like the other tests in this book. Cosmetology Refresher Course. Use this exam as a pretest. don’t worry about how long you take to answer the questions. Try to relax.3 l e s s o n Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1 C HA PT eR sU MMA RY This is the first of four practice exams based on the core content of your cosmetology coursework. You can practice under timed conditions with the other practice exams in this book. followed by the exam. but for now. The correct answers. follow the exam. ow that you have studied the LearningExpress Test Preparation System. You will then determine possible weak areas to study further in Lesson 4. turn back to Lesson 1 for an explanation of how to score and analyze your exam. Most cosmetology exams are timed. N 23 . you are ready to take Cosmetology Practice Exam 1.
70. 44. 86. 100. 31. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 36. 34. 33. 4. 15. 27. 56. 72. 84. 89. 88. 76. 55. 32. 53. 96. 26. 79. 20. 54. 85. 38. 87. 98. 62. 95. 21. 74. 49. 59. 94. 43. 61. 66. 60. 5. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 71. 97. 12. 82. 50. 17. 10. 30. 2. 14. 65. 90. 40. 67. 6. 39. 63. 13. 19. 9. 3. 92. 80. 45. 11. 83. 35. 48. 29. 81. 22. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 25 . 68. 25. 73. 77. 64. 69. 57. 46. 99. 28. 52. 91. 8. 78. 75. 47. 51. 41. 93.–C osmetology ansWer sheet– Practice Exam 1 1. 42. 24. 23. 7. 18. 16. 58. 37.
d. require a prescription from a physician. d. Good dental hygiene involves visiting the kills all microorganisms. sterilization. b. b. decontamination. Which of the following is a contagious skin by heat and water? a. A quaternary ammonium compound is used as to as a. getting wet or cold. they should be a. Bacteria that do NOT cause disease are referred they a. The method of cleaning instruments that working is to a. d. including bacterial spores. tuberculosis c. The best way to avoid back strain while disease caused by a fungus? a. hydrogen bonds b. ringworm d. a. d. a disinfectant. cleaning with disinfectants. c. c. saprophytes. touching bacterial spores. drinking lots of fluids. b. disulfide bonds d.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– Practice exam 1 1. d. b. scabies b. c. c. b. keep your spine curved downward at all times. wiped off with a tissue. can be used without government authorization. d. 7. 4. keep your knees bent at a 90° angle. an antiseptic. 5. What bonds in the hair are easily broken down a. parasitic. 27 . are safe to use on skin. b. Before placing implements in a disinfecting 6. d. coughing or spitting. salt bonds c. b. Disease-causing bacteria can be spread by solution. wiped with a towel. c. rinsed with cold water. c. c. cleaned with warm soapy water. sanitation. d. 10. copious use of breath mints. drinking fluoridated water. peptide bonds 3. c. is a. b. 2. kill bacterial spores. Antiseptics differ from disinfectants because dentist twice each year and a. a deodorant. AIDS 8. position the client as low as possible. washing. microbes. maintain good posture and body alignment. a styptic. 9. brushing and flossing regularly. nonpathogenic.
c. infrequent shampooing with regular soap. completely flat. d. b. tell them that all implements are sterilized.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 11. d. b. therefore. preliminary and complete b. turns gray very suddenly. d. tell them no one has ever gotten an infection in your salon. Seen in cross section. almost flat. b. hair. injury to the nail bed. d. b. fast and slow d. you should 16. too many hot-oil manicures. round. b. 28 . c. suddenly falls out in round patches. d. c. dermis. c. are inexpensive and. color. magic. c. should be used liberally. straight hair would a. root. a. kill all dangerous germs on contact. One way to reassure clients about the appear to be a. oval. Alopecia areata occurs when the client’s hair remember that they a. can be dangerous if used incorrectly. c. infectious and noninfectious 14. Name the two distinct phases of the life cycle of bacteria. 15. Trichology is the study of a. c. treatment by a doctor. You cleanliness and sanitation of your implements is to a. 20. c. The outermost and thinnest layer of the skin should suggest a. nail bed. beauty. b. keep all implements in your pocket. fungus or bacterial infection. 12. 18. scalp treatments and frequent mild shampoos. d. b. cutting the cuticle improperly. Your client has a bad case of dry dandruff. to as the a. d. epidermis. is the a. ultraviolet treatments to the scalp. b. d. d. free edge. subcutaneous tissue. changes from oily to very dry. A hangnail can be caused by 13. When using disinfectants. The visible portion of the nail itself is referred a. papillary layer. 17. b. vegetative and spore forming c. produces excessive amounts of sebum. 19. cannot reach germs hidden in nooks and crannies. place the implements into a jar with disinfecting solution in it. nail plate. c.
a subcutaneous tumor of a sebaceous gland. 22. Which of the following lives only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them? a. organisms d. c. d. Hold one electrode while the client holds the other. 29. Which of the following substances will NOT a. b.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 21. Hold the electrode while massaging the client. c. b. a chronic inflammation on the nose and cheeks. histology. 27. or sebaceous cyst. d. amoebas a. c. FDA 24. glass d. SGA b. measles pimple or abscess common cold chicken pox application of high-frequency current? a. b. a contagious disease of the sebaceous glands. b. and dispose of chemicals properly? a. The study of the skin and its diseases and 26. The chemical symbol for hydrogen peroxide is 25. H2O. dryness 29 . add color to the face and lips. OSHA d. d. 23. oils d. provide structure and support to body systems. d. Surfactants are used to remove which of the following from the hair? a. Which agency regulates how cosmetologists store. color b. carry food and oxygen and eliminate wastes. is a. NaOH. mix. H2O2. copper 28. H2SO4. d. pathology. The main function of the blood is to treatment is referred to as a. c. an accumulation of sebaceous matter beneath the skin. c. provide fluid to all the body tissues. 30. Hold the electrode while the client massages the treatment area. trichology. d. c. dermatology. bacteria c. b. silver c. EPA c. the human body b. A steatoma. Massage the area to be treated while the client holds the electrode. curl c. viruses b. Which is the procedure for an indirect use. conduct electricity? a. b. Which is an example of a local infection? a.
nail bleach c. 32. Which current of electricity is used for scalp and when an aniline derivative (oxidation) tint is mixed with hydrogen peroxide and applied? a. a single store in a residential neighborhood d. hand sanitizer b. c. ask the client to remove any necklaces. Besides cleaning the client’s hair and scalp. your home in an apartment building c. you must be proficient as a hairstylist and a a. d. a mall that gets both car and foot traffic 34. b. Which type of nail cosmetic consists of the facial treatments because it increases blood flow. make the client’s hair appear fuller and longer. and metabolism. To be a successful cosmetologist in the salon following ingredients: lanolin. driver. Why is it important to place a towel or neck limited by the a. sinusoidal current d. What happens in each individual hair shaft 35. your home on a quiet suburban street b. b. and beeswax? a. Before draping a client. give the client a good impression of the salon. Which would be the best location for a business. turn the client’s collar in. 37. for sanitary reasons d. elimination and absorption. faradic current b. total amount the business is worth. galvanic current 36. Heat is created. amount of personal wealth he or she has amassed. c. c. to cool the skin c. 30 .–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 31. wash your hands. petroleum. counselor. In a corporation. The disulfide bonds are rebonded in waving lines. cuticle cream d. for fashionable reason 39. change the color of a client’s hair. ask the client to wash his or her hands. b. salesperson. changing the hair’s shape. you should do all of the successful salon? a. The H-bonds and S-bonds are broken. b. d. message therapist. each owner’s liability is following EXCEPT a. b. c. d. 38. c. allowing pigment molecules to enter. d. a good shampoo can also a. causing the hair to soften and absorb color. strip under the cape between the client’s skin and the cape when draping a client? a. d. The cortex swells. amount of business insurance he or she purchases. polish remover 33. Tesla high-frequency current c. change the texture of a client’s hair. to absorb sweat b. amount he or she has invested in the business. and has a germicidal effect when electrodes are used to apply it to the scalp and skin? a.
maintain muscle tone. an acid-balanced shampoo c. 31 . arrector pili muscle. Kneading movements in massage therapy do all of the following EXCEPT a. your hand. What type of shampoo should you use on appearance to clubbed nails? a. 46. a medicated shampoo 42. All of the following are among the goals of a injury to the base of the nail is called a. improve circulation. c. The muscle attached to a hair follicle is called the a. melanonychia. d. Leave the half moons at the bases unpolished. d. a mild shampoo b. d. b. A client who has athlete’s foot requests a a. c. b. use nail polish remover. You should a. Leave the sides of the nails unpolished. 48. as for regular polish. give the pedicure as requested. Dry shampoos are used only on clients nails is to a. give deep stimulation. c. who have chemically treated hair. who are particular about shampoos. b. d. the neck strip. b. The correct method for removing sculptured chemically treated hair? a. c. How can you use polish to give an elongated his or her face. 41.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 40. Apply very bright polish to the entire nail. the cape. you would protect 45. d. d. your apron. corrugator muscle. professional massage EXCEPT to a. no matter what. whose health does not permit shampoos. A whitish discoloration of the nails caused by pedicure. onychatrophia. neck. file them off with an emery board. b. c. d. 43. masseter muscle. d. refer the client to a doctor for treatment. Leave the tips of the nails unpolished. a shampoo for dry hair d. stimulate circulation. use strict sanitary precautions to avoid spreading the infection. pterygium. leukonychia. d. b. b. 49. b. treat the client with medicated powder and then give the pedicure. c. c. 47. 44. c. who are about to have a permanent. clip them off with scissors. and ears from the water spray with a. apply a solvent and push them off. exercise muscles. exercise the muscles. c. While shampooing a client. b. improve muscle tone. get a good tip from the customer. temporalis muscle.
For a client with very light skin. forehead and work downward. center of the eye.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 50. The coloring agent used for lash and brow manipulations by a. a shade lighter than the natural skin tone. 51. 58. the client’s fingers. d. It would clear impurities. In doing relaxers. You can best help clients relax during facial cheek color no closer to the nose than the a. outer corner of the eye. 54. lash. to make the relaxer work faster b. back and work upward. d. maintaining an even rhythm and pressure. a rosy shade. hydrogen peroxide. The correct way to test the color of a products such as facial creams from their containers with a. d. super strength b. What effect on the skin would a mask of fresh tint is a. mild strength 32 . cheek. a clean spatula. For sanitary reasons. c. 52. the same as the natural skin tone. a shade darker than the natural skin tone. c. telling them when you are about to start a new movement. d. you should always remove 55. b. d. a softening effect c. nose. to enhance the chemical process 59. an aniline-derivative dye.and brow-tinting solution. an astringent effect b. to straighten the hair more c. talking to them continually. 57. to avoid chemical abrasions or sores on the scalp d. d. you should apply cream is to start at the a. 56. b. The correct method for applying cleansing foundation is to blend some of it on the client’s a. regular strength c. b. damaged. b. d. earlobe. c. your fingers. would be used on color-treated. b. or fine-textured hair? a. jawline. a hydrating effect d. b. c. inner corner of the eye. you should scalp prior to the application of a base relaxer? a. which of the three strengths choose a foundation that is a. 53. c. c. a used teaspoon. having them visualize a relaxing scene. cheeks and work in a circular fashion. extra-mild strength d. cheekbone. To create a natural look. b. neck and work upward. c. Why should a protective base be applied to the strawberries have? a. semipermanent hair-color solution.
be achieved from a mixture. d. remove rods. 62. c.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 60. In order to determine what size partings or include a. porosity. 66. wrapping. A highlighting shampoo is a mixture of neutralizers is to a. c. d. you have chemical and 65. d. draping b. The correct procedure for applying most fundamental color that cannot a. b. every five to nine weeks. d. four 64. 69. b. b. d. apply. rinse. wait 15 minutes. repeat. apply. A primary color is one that is a pure or chemical texture services? a. incandescent lighting and warm background colors. shampooing hair 61. you must assess your client’s hair in terms of a. blues and greens. c. very low lighting and a black background. three d. repeat. ammonium nitrate. every five to 15 weeks. Clients who have their hair colored usually visit before a. reds and yellows. wait five minutes. b. rinse. b. Hair should be shampooed and left moist a. density. remove rods. d. every four to 12 weeks. aniline-derivative tint. two c. shampoo and a. be seen in the dark. repeat. remove rods. be seen in the light. length. Ideal conditions for a hair-color consultation physical processes. black and white. c. c. c. 67. fluorescent lighting and bright background colors. rodding hair d. How many towels are used to drape for the salon a. color. shades of gray. d. apply. waving lotion c. Warm-toned colors are made up primarily of sections you will use. hydrogen peroxide. relaxing. 68. cream rinse. apply. d. leaving. draping. 63. In permanent waving. b. be mixed with secondary colors. b. b. natural lighting and neutral background colors. remove rods. repeat. c. c. every three to five weeks. 33 . Which of the following is not part of the physical process of permanent waving? a. one b.
quicker the chemical reaction and the greater the danger of hair damage. the a. slower the chemical reaction and the lesser the danger of hair damage. Perform a strand test. b. brightness or dimness.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 70. Colorists use the Level System to analyze hair require a patch test before application? a. filler followed by a soap cap. temporary c. to formulate the client’s desired color c. complementary tint. carefully explain the underlying chemistry of hair coloring. permanent 75. What type of shampoo should be used after an application of sodium hydroxide relaxer? a. 71. two-step lightening process. 74. alkaline shampoo c. In general. Which of the following is NOT a category of natural hair color. color remover. c. normal shampoo 34 . show the client color photos of movie stars with the same color. to match a client’s original hair color sodium hydroxide in a hair-relaxing formula. permanent 76. wetness or dryness. d. quicker the chemical reaction and the lesser the danger of hair damage. b. to enhance a client’s natural eye and skin color d. d. lightness or darkness. base your suggestions on the client’s needs and lifestyle. c. Which of these hair-color services does NOT suggestions about hair color and hair-color services when you a. d. c. semipermanent d. d. d. c. 78. b. conditioning shampoo b. demipermanent b. slower the chemical reaction and the greater the danger of hair damage. Analyze the neckline. Which of the following should be done before lightening a client’s hair? a. the greater the concentration of color’s a. In order to smooth out the line of demarcation between the two shades. 72. c. b. begin by explaining the price of all your services. accelerator b. to learn your colors b. semipermanent d. you should use a a. neutralizing shampoo d. temporary c. Brush the hair vigorously. 73. Which is a benefit of knowing the laws of color? a. 77. Your client has requested a return to her darker. b. Apply protective cream to the scalp. Your client will be most likely to accept your hair-coloring product? a. shininess or drabness.
c. The razor can be used for thinning as well as for haircutting. b. The razor guard should face you. To remove tangles from hair before hairstyling. b. In terms of braiding and other natural a. On which part of the human body is the skin a. d. styling hair. hair winding 35 . b. b. between the fingers and the comb. ears b. Which of these reference points is NOT would press the ridge a. 80. occipital bone d. cutting hair. c. d. you 81. palms b. the cosmetologist. against the comb. c.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 79. A chemical blowout is a combination of 84. 87. blow-drying hair. put the razor down and hold the comb in your right hand. wave pattern d. both the comb and shears should be held in your dominant hand while you are a. jawline c. chemical hair relaxing and styling. Keep the hair damp while working. hair meshing d. 88. b. chemical hair relaxing and a cold permanent wave. against the head. eyebrows 85. nape of the neck. ammonium thioglycolate (“thio”) and sodium hydroxide relaxing. while you use the razor. chemical hair relaxing and a soft-curl permanent. b. When combing the hair. between your fingers. d. eyelids d. back of the head. To emphasize the ridge in a finger wave. which natural textured hair is intertwined and meshed together to form a style or separate network of hair? a. the feel of the hair c. d. c. commonly used by hairstylists? a. Which statement about use of the razor for you should start combing at the a. the diameter of the hair b. forehead. hair stepping c. Which of the following describes the process in haircutting is incorrect? a. 82. all of the above 86. c. soles c. to prevent dulling the blade of the razor. what does texture refer to? a. lip line 83. d. crown. To save time. c. d. 8 10 12 16 hairstyling. combing hair. How many pairs of cranial nerves are there? thinnest? a. hair locking b.
You should always set the wig while it is on the client. What is a protein fiber that composes the hair and nails? a. The best way to determine if a strand of hair is synthetic product or real human hair is to a. keep your fingers wrapped around the iron. c. water b. hairpiece. weft. fall. burn it. capless. b. d. shampoo 98. d. To avoid burning the client during thermal soft press? a. hair extension. What percentage of the curl is removed by a that cause bacteria to move and are also known as cilia? a. c.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 89. b. immerse it in cold water. parasites 93. d. You must devise a style that conceals the hairline. flagella b. You need to consider the added fullness of the client’s hair and the wig’s foundation. d. keratin d. 40–50% c. to check for allergic reactions c. spirilla d. When performing a thermal straightening waving. tactile corpuscles c. A small wig used to cover the top or crown of elastic strips in a circular pattern to fit the head shape is called a a. 30–40% b. Which statement about setting and styling a the head only is referred to as a a. always use a curling gel or lotion. pressing oil d. freeze it. bacilli c. Which of the following are hairlike projections wig is incorrect? a. cap-on. to check for durability b. hold the comb between the scalp and iron. d. A long woven strip of hair that is sewn to application of hair extensions with bonding adhesive? a. treatment. setting gel c. 95. dermal 36 . 60–70% 97. 50–60% d. to test the porosity of hair 90. b. b. 91. 92. which should be applied to the hair just before treatment? a. to check the density of the hair d. deft. immerse it in alcohol. 96. Why are patch tests required before the 94. you should a. wig. melanin b. c. keep the hair very wet. b. You should use pin curls instead of rollers all around the hairline. c. c.
Salaries and commissions (including payroll the hair shaft requires a. 53. d.5% d. 69. two-step. taxes) will account for what percentage of your total expenses? a. b. single-process. c. two-process. 25.6% b.2% c. Hair color that lightens and deposits color in 100.7% 37 . 48.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 99. aniline.
The blood carries nutrients and oxygen to all body cells. Maintaining good posture and body alignment will help you avoid back strain. hepatitis. is part of the U. 27. which is required by most state boards of cosmetology. Antiseptics are safe to use on the skin. They account for of the 3 hair’s strength. If there are violations. c. 15. b. Hydrogen bonds in the hair are the physical bonds that are weak and can be broken with 1 heat and water. a. plastic. The nail plate is the visible portion of the nail. c. Viruses cause respiratory and digestive tract infections. b. such as a pimple or abscess. Familiar nonconductors include glass. The life cycle of bacteria is made up of two distinct phases: the active or vegetative stage and the inactive or spore-forming stage. Department of Labor. which is done in hospitals and doctors’ offices. dry wood. 29.S. can be caused by improper cutting or removal of the cuticle. b. OSHA. 5. 22. a. A hangnail. 12. more commonly called quat. d. b. d. 4. Its job is to regulate and enforce safety in a place of work. a. c. A local infection. a. The study of the skin and its diseases and treatment is dermatology. HIV. soapy water before they are placed in a disinfecting solution. chicken pox. 21. a. Sneezing. 23. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– answers 1. Implements should be cleaned with warm. measles. Alopecia areata refers to a condition in which 2. b. b. This is the correct procedure for indirect application. and rubber. c. and comes in a hospitalgrade disinfecting formula. 10. Trichology is the study of hair. odorless. 26. is one that is confined to a particular part of the body and is indicated by a lesion containing pus. kills all microorganisms. d. Good dental hygiene involves visiting the dentist twice each year as well as brushing and flossing regularly. the client’s hair falls out suddenly in round patches. a. 38 . a. 28. A steatoma. is a tumor of a sebaceous gland. Nonpathogenic bacteria are those that do not cause disease. Viruses live only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them. including spores. a. c. d. Scalp treatments and frequent mild shampoos will benefit a client with dry dandruff. and sharing personal articles such as combs and cosmetics are some of the ways in which diseases are spread. a. straight hair is round. etc. Ringworm is a contagious skin disease that is caused by a fungus. or split cuticle. 14. is a blue disinfectant solution that is fast acting (5–15 minutes). it also carries wastes away from the cells. 20. Quaternary ammonium compound. 13. The symbol means that each molecule of hydrogen peroxide contains two atoms of hydrogen and two atoms of oxygen. c. 19. a. 17. or sebaceous cyst. 24. Wipe off the implement and place it in your jar with disinfecting solution in it. Disinfectants are powerful chemicals that can be dangerous if used incorrectly. coughing. 25. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. 9. 8. a. as well as the common cold. 6. This reassures the client as they see you are disinfecting all implements and tools after use. 3. c. a fee is imposed on the salon. c. 18. In cross section. nontoxic. 11. Sterilization. spitting. 16. 7. while bacteria are organisms that can live on their own.
b. b. 31. 46. 40. b. 38. and can be used on a daily basis. a. 47. 39. 44. When applying cleansing cream. Kneading movements give deep stimulation to the muscles and other tissue. 39 . Selling products to clients is an increasingly important part of the salon business. d. 53. a. not your fingers. d. a. 56. and stimulate circulation. 37. caused by injury to the base of the nail. Because the shampoo sets the stage for the client’s entire visit. 50. causing goose bumps. in the tube when applied. Do not use any tinting solution. neck. not specifically intended for lashes and brows. hair. they improve muscle tone and circulation. 34. c. 52. 32. a. c. Test the color of a foundation by blending a small amount on the client’s jawline. During scalp treatments. For sanitary reasons. to remove products from their container. It is commonly called the “violet ray” because the current is purple. 55. In a corporation. b. c. 57. The goals of professional massage services are to exercise muscles. Effects are either soothing or stimulating depending on method of application. d. c. refer them to a physician for treatment. 51. Do not treat clients with contagious skin conditions. It is not necessary for the client to wash his or her hands before draping. petroleum. 35. c. each stockholder (owner) can lose only the amount he or she has invested. a. Apply cheek color from the center of the eye outward. Cuticle creams have a base of lanolin. d. Electrodes are used in a handheld machine and applied directly to the skin and scalp. c. c. and ears from the water. the cosmetologist can use the indirection method in which scalp manipulations are applied while the client holds the electrode. Use your free hand to protect the client’s face. Leaving the sides unpolished makes the nails look more slender. Always use a clean spatula. The same as the natural skin tone. or coloring agent. 42. Apply the special solvent provided and then gently push the acrylic nails off with an orangewood stick. Fresh strawberries would have an astringent effect. Tesla high-frequency current is commonly used for scalp and facial treatments. a. 49. c. 36. d. b. use a mild shampoo.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 30. maintain muscle tone. a good shampoo can help give a favorable impression. Leukonychia is a whitish discoloration of the nails. The best way to induce relaxation during a massage is to maintain even pressure and rhythm. Because chemically treated hair can be fragile. 54. a. The arrector pili muscle is attached to the hair follicle and reacts to heat and cold. b. Dry shampoos are used only on clients whose health forbids shampoos. This location would result in the largest number of potential customers. 48. Surfactants are used to remove oils from the 41. d. 33. or violet. always place a towel or neck strip between the cape and the client’s skin. 45. Knowledge of the characteristics of surfactants will help you choose the best shampoo for each client’s hair needs. or beeswax to correct or prevent dry cuticles and brittle nails. start at the neck and work upward. The alkaline chemical reaction causes the cortex to swell so that pigment molecules can permanently enter the hair shaft. c. 43.
and neck. 75. except for temporary color. Two towels should be used to drape for a chemical texture service to absorb accidental spills. and yellow. A chemical blowout procedure combines chemical hair relaxing with hairstyling. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves that originate in the brain and reach various parts of the head. wavy. Perform a strand test before lightening a client’s hair. An accelerator is a product that is added to bleach to make it work more quickly. b. c. 74. the feel (whether the hair feels oily. Warm-toned colors are those in which reds and yellows predominate. require a patch test before application to determine if the client is allergic to the product. Your client is most likely to accept the services you suggest when you base them on an analysis of his or her personal needs and lifestyle. c. The most commonly used reference points in haircutting are the ears. a. c. 71. 62. keep both the scissors and comb in your right hand while combing the hair. Palms and soles are the thickest. d. 82. Texture refers to the diameter of the hair (whether the hair is coarse. a. a. b. Mild-strength sodium hydroxide relaxer would be formulated to use on color-treated. d. a. Use a filler. 67. To save time. to smooth out the line between the two shades. Primary colors are pure or fundamental colors that cannot be achieved from a mixture. a. 63. c. 76. hard. damaged. a. A base relaxer is a sodium hydroxide relaxer 59. or sections. 64. or fine). face. 73. The density of the hair determines the size of the partings. c. 83. Follow the manufacturer’s directions. A highlighting shampoo that contains hydrogen peroxide will lighten the natural hair color slightly. or wiry). Eyelids are the thinnest skin on the body. On the third shampoo. followed by a soap cap. c. d. jawline. c. leave in the hair for five minutes and rinse thoroughly. 77. shampoo three times with a neutralizing shampoo recommended by the manufacturer. Draping a client is NOT part of the physical process of permanent waving. Hair should be shampooed and left moist— but not saturated with water—before wrapping. or apex. Colorists use the Level System to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color. After all traces of the relaxer are rinsed out of the hair. b. 78. dry. curly. d. soft. 66. and the wave pattern (whether the hair is straight. 40 . Haircolor levels are arranged on a scale of 1 to 10. 65. the quicker the chemical reaction and the greater the risk of hair damage. and the occipital bone. The greater the concentration of sodium hydroxide. c. 84. most clients who have their hair colored usually visit the salon every four to 12 weeks. b. red. or fine-textured hair because of the lower concentration of hydroxide.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 58. a. medium. b. The primary colors are blue. that requires you to apply a protective base to the scalp first to avoid chemical abrasions or sores on the scalp. 70. b. Depending on the color service and the rate of hair growth. c. 80. 79. The laws of color will enable you to mix and formulate colors to achieve the desired effect. c. or coiled). you will use. 72. 85. 69. 60. with 1 being the darkest and 10 being the lightest. 61. Natural lighting and a neutral background will show colors in their truest appearance. Keep both the razor and the comb in your right hand. smooth. 68. The correct procedure is given. All hair-color products. 81. a. coarse.
100. Press the ridge between your fingers while 87. Single process lightens and deposits a single process or single application. Wigs are set and styled while on the blocking. 90. b. but will not give off an odor. a. c. To avoid burning the client.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 1– 86. d. is natural textured hair that is intertwined and meshed together to form a single or separate network of hair. giving off a distinctive odor. and a synthetic fiber will either “ball up” and melt or continue to flame and burn out very quickly. 95. 41 . Bacilli and spirilla have these. 88. A weft is a long woven strip of hair that is sewn to elastic strips in a circular pattern to fit the head shape and is most used in the art of hair extensions to add artificial length to the natural hair. Begin combing at the nape of the neck. b. Salaries and commissions (including payroll taxes) will be your biggest expense and will account for 53. always keep the comb between the scalp and the iron. 96. 99. The soft press removes approximately 50–60% of the curl.5% of your total expenses. c. c. c. Pressing oil or cream is applied just before thermal straightening. 92. to remove tangles. Bonding adhesive requires a patch test before application. 98. Flagella or cilia are hairlike projections that 89. b. a. If a hair addition does not fully cover the head. a small section at a time. 93. which is a small wig used to cover the top or crown of the head. a. Hair locking. it is classified as a hairpiece. also called dreadlocks. 97. a. 91. holding the fingers against the head. To find out if the hair is human or synthetic. pull a strand out of the wig or hairpiece and burn it with a match—human hair will burn slowly. c. c. cause movement of bacteria. Keratin is the protein that composes the hair and nails. a. 94. as the client could have an allergic reaction to the adhesive.
questions 8–12 Cells.4 l e s s o n Cosmetology refresher Course lesson sU MMA RY This chapter is a 250-question review. Tissue. and Physiology. questions 39–49 The Nail and Its Disorders. divided into content areas like those found on typical state board of cosmetology exams. there are headings that indicate the content areas: Scientific Concepts Nutrition/Ergonomics. 7 Infection Control and Federal Regulations. but in this lesson. questions 13–20 Bacteriology. questions 1–5 Your Professional Image. questions 50–56 The Skin and Its Disorders. Use this Refresher Course as a study aid rather than as a timed test. you should have some idea of what areas you need to work on. and Body Systems. questions 6. questions 30–38 Properties of the Hair and Scalp. This Refresher Course is conveniently divided into content areas like those on the cosmetology exams in this book. questions 57–64 Cells. questions 65–72 43 . Anatomy. N ow th at yo u have taken the first practice exam. questions 21–29 Decontamination and Infection Control.
questions 246–250 While this review is written in the same multiplechoice format as the actual Cosmetology Exam. Next. in the key. use this lesson—along with your textbook. course notes. that you should not treat this review like a test. questions 205–217 Hairstyling. questions 198–204 Hair Design Haircutting. and Conditioning. Uncover each answer explanation. You may prefer simply to circle the correct answer in the book. questions 73–82 Chemistry. questions 218–232 Thermal Hair Straightening. Another strategy is to work through the entire lesson. Then. questions 133–137 Facials. questions 83–90 The Salon Business. An answer sheet you can use to record your answers is on the next two pages. for an overall review. in order. so you may want to start with the subjects that gave you the most trouble. questions 238–245 Wigs and Hair Enhancements. Instead. Rinsing. The answer sheet is just a convenient place to put your answers. questions 91–102 Physical Services Draping. and materials—to refresh your memory of the core content of your cosmetology classes. Tackling only one or two subject areas at a time will help you remember what you are learning. do not time yourself or grade your results. questions 233–237 Braiding and Braid Extensions. Your results on the first practice exam have shown you which areas you need to review most intensely.–Cosmetology refresher Course– Electricity and Light Therapy. questions 123–132 Theory of Massage. questions 117–122 Advanced Nail Techniques. questions 171–197 Chemical Hair Relaxing. In this way. questions 109–116 Manicuring and Pedicuring. 44 . one at a time. questions 138–146 Facial Makeup. compare your explanation for the answer you chose with the answer explanation given. questions 147–153 Hair Removal. though. Remember. questions 161–170 Hair Coloring. questions 154–160 Chemical Services Permanent Waving. questions 103–108 Shampooing. One tactic that will make your review more useful is to select the best answer to each question and think of an explanation to support further why you find this to be the best choice. you can review your subject while reinforcing the correct choices you made and immediately correcting the wrong choices you might have made. look at the answer key that follows each subject area.
105. 133. 17. 89. 22. 134. 109. 121. 106. 104. 4. 32. 40. 44. 52. 38. 124. 21. 62. 74. 41. 125. 129. 116. 18. 110. 95. 28. 2. 5.–C osmetology ansWer sheet– Refresher Course 1. 56. 15. 36. 123. 117. 92. 112. 30. 80. 102. 7. 8. 66. 20. 81. 82. 103. 101. 85. 96. 94. 98. 88. 68. 97. 135. 35. 71. 76. 10. 90. 51. 9. 33. 29. 65. 24. 49. 12. 132. 13. 43. 58. 107. 69. 61. 72. 6. 3. 111. 120. 48. 130. 75. 16. 93. 122. 126. 31. 70. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d (over) 45 . 42. 114. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 46. 57. 99. 45. 27. 128. 86. 77. 25. 118. 14. 63. 54. 78. 83. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 91. 39. 53. 26. 60. 79. 67. 131. 34. 115. 19. 119. 64. 127. 11. 113. 87. 50. 108. 59. 55. 84. 37. 73. 100. 23. 47.
177. 229. 178. 198. 240. 247. 212. 186. 202. 150. 155. 222. 242.–C osmetology ansWer sheet– Refresher Course (continued) 136. 207. 192. 156. 246. 194. 187. 175. 137. 243. 158. 232. 151. 195. 154. 153. 215. 179. 148. 233. 210. 239. 230. 245. 211. 197. 228. 217. 208. 147. 248. 188. 234. 244. 219. 143. 145. 172. 183. 180. 205. 241. 224. 249. 227. 169. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 176. 138. 204. 193. 189. 171. 144. 184. 220. 225. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 216. 163. 238. 165. 166. 203. 223. 170. 236. 157. 174. 231. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 46 . 167. 206. 160. 185. 214. 168. 226. 191. 237. 218. 181. 250. 221. 162. 149. 142. 152. 139. 159. 173. 190. 140. 146. 201. 213. 164. 161. 141. 182. 200. 196. 209. 199. 235.
once an hour b. eating whole-grain foods rather than refined or processed foods Infection Control and Federal regulations 8.–C osmetology refresher Course– Scientific Concepts Nutrition/ergonomics 1. knees. What is the study of human characteristics related to specific work environments? a. thighs. eating plenty of fruits and vegetables b. and using mouthwash and deodorant to prevent offensive odors. microskeletal disorders d. posture c. after each client d. What does MSD stand for? a. Personal grooming b. d. bent. Cosmetologists are subject to many physical nutrition habits? a. d. What should be used at the end of the day to injuries classified as MSDs. professional image 4. c. physical presentation b. 50% chlorine bleach to a gallon of water 47 . To maintain good posture while seated. Personal hygiene c. swayed from back to front. Professional presentation 7. drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated and flush toxins c. tilting the client’s head so you can work without strain b. muscular diseases b. b. Good posture means that your spine should be a. 3. such as bathing. How often should the shampoo bowl be disinfected? a. curved. manual diseases c. Which of the following are NOT good should rest most of your body weight on your a. a. at the end of the day 9. 20% chlorine bleach to a gallon of water b. 5% chlorine bleach to a gallon of water c. ____________________ is the practice of maintaining daily cleanliness. Professional image d. placing one foot on a stool when standing for long periods of time thoroughly disinfect a whirlpool pedicure chair (or throne)? a. eating plenty of sugar and fats and drinking alcohol d. musculoskeletal disorders 5. brushing and flossing teeth. straight. buttocks. you Your Professional Image 6. every five minutes c. Which one of the following is NOT a principle of ergonomics? a. gripping and squeezing implements too tightly d. 70% alcohol to a gallon of water d. 2. ergonomics d. hips. adjusting the height of the chair for a comfortable working level c. b. c.
d. catabolism. c. insertion to origin 14. OSHA. Which of the following is NOT one of the body’s defenses against infection? a. c. bones. hard surfaces d. c. What is the average heartbeat per minute? by federal law to have an information sheet called a(n) a. Wipe it with a clean towel. origin to insertion b. 19. back and forth d. histology. Clean it with hospital-grade disinfectant. MSSD. d. 72–80 60–70 80–100 100–120 18. What should be done to properly disinfect the 16. 8 9 10 11 a. tissue. unbroken skin b. d. Which cranial nerve is the largest? a. d. d. d. Rinse it with water. b. d. porous b. b. b. b. b. ears. Otology is the study of known as a. system. The study of the functions of the body is of surfaces? a. bacteriology. How should massage movements be applied to skin when massaging a muscle? a. b. and Body Systems 13. Tissue. 12. b. up and down c. then dry it. Bacteriology 21. MSDS. c. soft surfaces Cells. anatomy. c. digestive juices 48 . nerves. The basic unit of all living matter is known as a a. cell. EPA. Sterilizing can only be performed on what type a. 11. b. nonporous c. c. 15. heart stomach liver skin 17. What is the largest organ of the body? pedicure foot spa after each client? a. b.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 10. d. c. physiology. white blood cells c. Rinse it with hot water. c. How many systems is the body composed of? a. fifth seventh nasal cervical 20. eyes. red blood cells d. c. d. All products used in the salon are required a.
typhoid bacilli 26. You should a. Disinfectants are never used in salons. parasite. scabies c. c. d. b. shaking hands or kissing 25. Disinfectants should be used only by healthcare professionals. antitoxin. d. What shape are the spirilla bacteria? fungus? a. b. How do cocci bacteria move about? create a risk of HIV infection in a salon? a. decomposing soil fertility c. d. Which of the following diseases is caused by a function? a. HIV 24. read and follow the directions. What is the most common pus-forming a. A person who is immune to a disease yet can 27. promoting infectious microorganisms 28. b. obtain the necessary government permit before using. c. carrier. Nonpathogenic organisms perform which transmit the disease to others is known as a a. c. d. wear a mask. comply with his request. b. c. b. maintaining food enzymes d. tetanus bacilli d. Disinfectants destroy all microorganisms. Which statement about disinfection is correct? a. or nails. Which of the following ways can a cosmetologist a. ask clients’ permission before using. decomposing garbage b. b. using unsanitary implements b. vector. 31. hair. d. pediculosis d. swim through water through the air with a flagella on the backs of animals bacteria? a. d. refer the client to a physician for treatment. including bacterial spores. The most important rule for using disinfectants scalp and asks you to treat it by shampooing his hair in very hot water. Disinfectants should not be used on skin. staphylococci b. 23. sneezing and coughing c. round square rod-shaped corkscrew 29. sharing coffee cups or food d. contact the health department for information on how to treat this skin disease. ask him to sign a form that states that you are not responsible if he is burned by the hot water. c. streptococci c. ringworm b.–C osmetology refresher Course– 22. c. 49 . safely is to always a. Your client tells you that he has a disease on his Decontamination and Infection Control 30.
wipe with disinfectant solution. the hair parts naturally in the middle. every day. 38. Before placing instruments and equipment in a 36. c. c. 50%. c. disinfect rubber items first. choice of cosmetologist c. a part of the hair is a different color from the rest. Sanitation should be a full-time job of a health professional. b. wipe once with disinfectant only. Sanitation can be maintained by regular weekly washing of floors. sanitizer a. b. c. bleach. use a glass measuring cup to pour from. c. Which statement about salon sanitation is correct? a. ethyl alcohol 34. d. apply disinfectant with a cloth or sponge that has been sterilized in an autoclave and wipe dry with another cloth. b. b. clean with a cleaner. d. and air dry. apply disinfectant. 33. 50 . b. c. wear rubber gloves and goggles. b. d. The proper procedure for disinfecting a disinfecting solution. and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. twice a week. Which of the following influences the health of a person’s hair the most? a. c. 37. clean them thoroughly. an effective and fast-acting disinfectant a steam sterilization device an autoclave a solution of alcohol. examine them carefully. d. c. When using disinfectants. economic success b. every other day. Sanitation means cleaning every item in the salon correctly and regularly. and instruments. b. physical and emotional health d. d. A cowlick occurs when a. must be used in a solution of at least a. d. pour a small amount on your hands first. you should a. 40%. To be an effective disinfectant. d. the hair growth forms a circular pattern. wipe them off. then with plain water. Sanitation is important only to impress clients. choice of shampoo rinse 40. You should change the solution used in a wet 35. 70%. you should always a. countertops. Properties of the Hair and Scalp 39. then with disinfectant again. and disinfectant countertop is to a. d. What is quat? a. when it starts to become cloudy. b. a tuft of hair stands straight up. 60%.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 32. wash your hands.
b. b. composed of overlapping sheets of transparent protective cells. b. b. 25–35 b. d. healthy nail grows a. d. 50 c. b. almost 44. d. also referred to as the pith. d. 43. b. The Nail and Its Disorders 50. The small white eggs. an acute infection of a hair follicle. apply oil treatments. 51 . The part of the hair that attaches directly to the a. follicle. c. middle pigmented layer. b. The three hair shapes are round. is incorrect? a. relax the hair shafts. c. b. from the lanula and back over the eponychium. from the free edge and over the tip of the finger. or nits. b. square. 35–40 d. clean the scalp. c. d. The hair cuticle is the 46. The purpose of scalp manipulations is to papilla is called the a. half moon. and a. innermost layer. a result of severe oily dandruff. c. c. composed of a fibrous material made up of elongated cells. 47. keep the hair very long. d. Approximately how many hairs does the a. The treatment for split ends is to a. c. Head lice are treated with scalp medication and medicated shampoo. impress the client. a sign that the client is about to lose his or her hair. What determines the direction of hair growth? relieve tension and a. follicle from which the hair shaft emerges. outermost layer. 42. Head lice can be spread through contact with infested combs and hats. A normal. 45. attach to individual hair shafts. stimulate the scalp. use antidandruff shampoo. d. d. c. shape of the hair follicle thickness of the scalp cross-sectional shape of the hair shaft health of the skin and hair 48. c. average person shed per day? a. bulb. d.–C osmetology refresher Course– 41. A client with a head lice infestation can be safely treated in the salon. 200 or more 49. epidermis. from the matrix and over the tip of the finger. a symptom of head louse infestation. arrector pili muscle. from the free edge and back toward the half moon. rectangular. shampoo frequently. A boil is a. c. oval. Which statement about head louse infestation flat.
you have special training. 52. refer to a. to stimulate sensory nerves and secrete hormones d. d. b. to lubricate the skin b.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 51. A condition caused by injury to the nail or the skin? a. d. rosacea. the client insists that you do so. 53. A hypertrophied nail may be manicured as a. excretion d. A chronic inflammation of the sebaceous some disease or imbalance in the body is called a a. protection b. A nail that has been lost because of disease is long as a. Which statement about nail growth is correct? 56. nail shape. drive the client to the doctor immediately. d. nail platelet. Older people’s nails grow more slowly than younger people’s. c. reddened. to regulate the body’s emotional response c. If a client is accidentally cut during nail care. call an ambulance. d. c. apply antiseptic and a sterile bandage. 52 . b. The Skin and Its Disorders 57. c. Sweat glands in the body serve what function? a. A person’s state of health does not influence nail growth. steatosis. c. b. black. Toenails grow more quickly than fingernails. acne. d. black spot in the nail bed. b. c. digestion 59. to regulate body temperature and secrete waste 58. b. nail disorder. A nail fungus first appears as a glands is referred to as a. red spot that spreads toward the free end of the nail. 54. The rate of nail growth is greatest in the winter. 55. sensation c. Which of the following is NOT a function of likely to grow back a. seborrhea. d. The general term dermatitis is correctly used to a. discoloration that spreads toward the cuticle. distorted. 60. any inflammation of the skin. it does not cause pain. b. d. prickly heat. herpes simplex infection. offer to pay for HIV testing. d. c. b. only those skin conditions caused by allergies. c. you should a. c. no infection is present. nail fungus. discoloration that gradually disappears. normally. b.
b. d. epicranius. arteries. c. Individual body cells receive food and oxygen a. 68. orbicularis oculi. go ahead and remove it. 62. Which sensory organ is surrounded by muscles skin elasticity and flexibility is called a. d. c. transport oxygen and food to body cells. Anatomy. d. a. below the dermis. sweats. d. The primary function of the skeletal system is to support the body and to a. buttocks knee palms and soles nose a. 53 . 63. bleeds. Your client asks you to remove a hair from a 67. melanin. The cranial muscle that draws the front facial mole while you are arching her eyebrows. above the cuticle. b. nose c. tongue d. lungs and blood vessels. The vascular system consists of the a. c. c. The lower jawbone is known as the system when a person a. corrugator. elastin. b. b. refuse to remove it. through tiny blood vessels called a. protect the internal organs. capillaries. d. and Physiology 65. b. above the epidermis. collagen. You should a. liver and spleen. but wear sterile gloves. maxilla. ask the salon owner for permission first. d. b. 71. do it. dermis. c. d. d. c. b. heart and lungs. d. veins. has goose pimples. occipital bone. digest food and excrete wastes. frontalis. A fiber that forms elastic tissue and gives the part of the scalp forward and wrinkles the forehead is the a. b. 66.–C osmetology refresher Course– 61. heart and blood vessels. c. eye b. pump blood. lymph ducts. c. faints. below the adipose. d. 64. b. The skin serves as an organ of the excretory Cells. On what part of the body is the skin thickest? that are not capable of movement? a. c. Subcutaneous tissue is located 70. b. ear 69. c. sphenoid bone. mandible.
d. regardless of activity level. The client should avoid contact with metal on frequency) current is to a. c. electrolysis. d. A substance that carries electricity is called a(n) chairs. roundabout. a. conductor. indirect and alternating c. both electrodes must be placed on the area to be treated. c. but only a few minutes without oxygen. a person’s lungs take in oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide. 82. 80. generating source through conductors and back to its original source is called a complete a. A person’s rate of breathing is always the same. A person can live many weeks without food. stools. A fuse 79. sinusoidal current c. The lungs are composed of thousands of tiny air sacs. both electrodes must be placed on the back of the head. electrode. b. d. conductor. direct and constant 74. conduction. c. electronic tweezers. c. 78. d. A volt d. b. ________ is a unit that measures electrical pressure. soften the tissues. circuit breaker. d. The primary action of the Tesla (high- a. An electric current used to permanently which electrical equipment is used? a. relax muscles. alternating and direct d. amp. pathway. amp. Name the two types of electric current. d. An ohm b. A good conductor for applying electricity to the face and scalp is called a(n) a. produce heat. b. electrode massage d. b. With each breath. faradic current b. When using galvanic current. The path of an electric current from the a. Which of the following is a facial treatment in a. b. electrotherapy b. electric treatment c. photo-epilation. 54 . depilatory. c. c. circuit. An amp c. electricity and Light Therapy 73.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 72. electrolyte therapy 76. watt. the negative electrode must be placed on the area to be treated. volt. and jewelry during which electrotherapy treatment? a. destroy the root of the hair is called a. high-frequency current d. b. 81. b. galvanic current 75. electrodes must be firmly wrapped with moistened cotton pledgets. direct and indirect b. c. a. d. contract muscles. Which statement about respiration is incorrect? 77.
d. c. b. 90. c. state government only d. b. ethyl methacrylate d. A neutral pH is a. d. tint d. the one that the owner can continually adjust at his or her own discretion. 7 84. molecule. suspension. supplies. c. Elements are a. Which level of government is usually 86. 5 c. health regulations. 85. phenylenediamine salon. c. lotion. The Salon Business 91. Many sculptured nail products are produced by responsible for setting income tax codes and rates? a. b. is a. polymer. Which chemical is the most strongly alkaline? a. detergent. or gases. acid.–C osmetology refresher Course– Chemistry 83. boric acid c. oil. b. substances that are the structural units of atoms. Of the major expenses involved in running a using which of the following chemicals? a. permanent wave solution b. c. neutralizer protein surfactant water sodium hydroxide hairsprays that gives the hair body and texture is usually a type of a. c. 6 d. Your local (town or city) laws usually dictate a. Which type of hair color uses pigment molecules of the greatest molecular weight? a. state and federal government 93. toner 87. local government only b. advertising. semipermanent hair color c. local and state government c. income taxes. liquids. salaries. neutralizer 88. 4 b. Which of the following is an example of a water-in-oil emulsion? a. d. kaolin. The main ingredient in shampoo is called a 89. substances that cannot be separated into simpler substances by ordinary means. lightener d. which is also called a. The ingredient in both styling gels and surfactant. cleansing cream c. d. temporary hair color b. sales taxes. 55 . b. the same as atoms. 92. renovations. chemical combinations of two or more solids. alum b. d. b. d. rent.
b. c. b. the client’s best interest.m.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 94. a statement of the number of personnel to be hired c. following the same rules as other employees 99. “Good morning. balance sheet. tell the client that no one has ever had that problem before. Which of the following is a sign of a poor and a. how the owner will use his or her profits from the business to purchase a swimming pool d. d. The most courteous. 101. when it is time to reorder. client complaints about salon service is to a. a. Which of the following is NOT included in a business plan? a. A business plan is best described as a 98. The size of your parking facility will determine the size of your staff. The number of clients will determine the number of salon employees. map. d. c. b. Keeping careful inventory records of retail salon is to say. the time of day and day of the week. ineffective manager? a. your first consideration should always be a. 56 . c. “Hi. In trying to sell products to a client. a full-service salon featuring European-style nail wrapping. c. The correct way to answer the telephone in a 95. each item’s shelf life. hiding information from staff d. tell the client that he or she should use another salon in the future. Royal Salon. effective way to deal with supplies helps to determine a. an operations plan that includes price structure and expenses 96. Our business hours are 10 a. What can be used as a guideline for knowing how many employees to hire for your salon? a. being honest with employees b. what merchandise you should advertise. b. your commission. agree with everything the client says at all times. bank statement. How can I help you?” 100. “What do you want?” c. profit and loss statement. acting as a mentor to staff c. b.. d. c. 97. Monday through Saturday. The number of retail lines offered will determine the number of salon employees.” b. how much your supplies cost. d. Would you like to schedule an appointment?” d. The size of your salon will determine the size of your staff.m. Cindy speaking. the salon’s profit. “This is Royal Salon. to 8 p. a description of the business and services it will provide b. d. listen to the client’s whole story and then suggest a solution.
What should you use when draping a client for a shampoo? a. A salon typically spends what percentage of its 107. you should always be sure that the cape a. show consideration for the client. towel and cape only c. b. is a becoming style and color. c. 10% d. neck strip and cape d. cape. show off your professional skills. wear old clothes. does not touch the client’s skin. b. cape. is under the neck strip. d. d. Most clients prefer very hot or very cold water. c. When using only a neck strip and cape for draping. come dressed in their pajamas. The purpose of careful draping is to have your client remove a. avoid lawsuits. You should monitor the water temperature continuously. you should Physical Services Draping 103. b. Make the shampoo water as hot as the client can stand it. wear their formal attire as normal. have them a. Nylon-bristle brushes are recommended for hair brushing. d. as long as you use plenty of water. b. make sure that both are applied very loosely. c. 57 . secure the cape first. Before a chemical texture service. b. his or her earrings. 3% c. change into a salon gown before starting the service. rinsing. and Conditioning 109. d.–C osmetology refresher Course– 102. d. 104. 30% chemical texture service. Which statement about hair brushing is correct? a. Natural-bristle brushes are recommended for hair styling. You should not brush a client’s hair if the scalp is irritated. b. maintain sanitation. and towel 106. Which statement about the temperature of a. secure the neck strip first and then fold it down over the edge of the cape. his or her contact lenses. 108. c. 105. b. towel. c. d. his or her anklet. c. ask the client to hold the neck strip in place during the entire combout. d. Brush each section of hair three times before going on to the next. The temperature doesn’t matter. Shampooing. a. To protect your clients’ clothing during a gross income on advertising? a. c. 1% b. 110. neck strip. and another towel b. is fastened as tightly as possible. When using a protective neck strip and a cape. and place the neck strip over it. water for shampooing is correct? a. his or her shoes.
c. d. Which statement about medicated shampoos is is the proper way to raise the client’s head? a. b. soak the hair. During a shampoo. c. d. Ask the client to support his or her head on his or her arms. 112. continue with the shampoo. apply an antiseptic or powder alum to the cut. They are generally prescribed by a physician. add moisture. 58 . c. add temporary highlights. squeeze the hair. towel the hair. use a blow-dryer. Protein is added to shampoo to Manicuring and Pedicuring 117. before rinsing the hair. hot water. c. have the client see a doctor immediately. c. apply an adhesive bandage and do not polish the nail on that finger. d. Ask the client to turn around and face the basin. If you accidentally cut your client’s skin during a. which 115. The first step in removing excess shampoo and incorrect? a. They are less expensive than many nonmedicated shampoos that work just as well. raise the pH of the shampoo. disinfectant. you should clean the top of the manicure table with a. a manicure. d. if not. b. and she complains of burning and pain. Support the client’s head in your left hand. c. b. d. 118. work together with acid-balanced shampoos. some suds get into the a. preserve the color of tinted hair. soap and water. you should a. control dandruff. is to a. b. dry the hair. ask the client if she has any allergies. Before each manicure. d. c. b. client’s eye. c. Acid-balanced rinses are used to lather. antiseptic. b. You should a. b. b. When shampooing the back of the head. 114. They are generally used to control excessive dandruff. condition the hair. Ask another worker to support the head.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 111. d. 116. file an incident report and offer to call a doctor. seat the client upright and have her rinse her eye with cold water. advise the client to wash his or her hands with soap and water. continue with the shampoo and report the incident later. 113. d. They may affect the color of tinted or lightened hair.
the base coat. b. cause the existing nail to fall off sooner. built-on nails. b. b. c. If it is necessary to cut a client’s cuticles to 124. make the nail as short as possible.–C osmetology refresher Course– 119. b. adhesive d. c. c. nail shaping. When affixing nail tips. refer her to a physician or podiatrist. artificial nails. 120. cut extremely close to the epidermis. use a straight razor with a dull edge. nail tip b. soaking. 121. d. make the wrap adhere better. c. Nail tips are used to correct broken or cracked nails. Use firm pressure over the shinbone. designer nails. warm water. b. remove diseased tissue. d. b. apply adhesive to the underside of the natural nail. you should buff the natural oil off the existing nail surface to a. c. you should be careful to a. c. End about halfway between the knee and the groin. b. c. d. Massage the calf muscles with an upward movement. d. nail wrap d. 122. clear polish. b. Which of the following is a corrective treatment manicure. Nail tips are removed by filing down to the natural nail. What should you remember when giving that protects a fragile or damaged nail? a. d. ask your supervisor for permission. 59 . Before applying the nail wrap. you must first apply what to the nail? a. built-on nail 126. one-quarter of the natural nail plate one-half of the natural nail plate two-thirds of the natural nail plate one-third of the natural nail plate 128. bonding glue 129. Which statement about nail tipping is correct? a leg massage? a. d. nail cap c. b. How far down should the nail tip cover? causing her discomfort. You should a. primer c. Nail tips are removed by soaking the nails in a. remove a portion of epidermis as well. it is done before a. remove the cuticle in a single piece. The nail tip is sized and shaped to fit the free edge of the client’s nail. A client asks you to trim away a corn that is a. 127. Massage both legs at once. refer her to an orthopedic surgeon. do as the client requests immediately. Advanced Nail Techniques 123. d. wrapped nails. Sculptured nails are also known as remove them. antiseptic b. d. d. c. 125. If a hand massage is given as part of a a. acetone. c. a. colored polish. the top coat. Before applying the nail tip.
origin. increase the cost to the client. powder and polish b. d. b. effleurage. d. applying massage cream. c. b. c. Percussion movements to the face should consist of a. 137. polymer. c. light knuckle raps. light finger taps. monomer. polymer and acetone c. A form that refers to shedding and peeling of a. c. friction. powder. use expensive equipment. exfoliation. back. and cardiac. pronator. friction. supinator. deep cleanse the skin. steaming the client’s face. 60 . b. When removing cleansing cream. c. b. massaging the face. b. applying cleansing cream. with oily skin immediately after a. The three types of muscular tissue are 131.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 130. 140. striated. removing makeup. and belly. The substance that improves adhesion and a. applying an astringent lotion. d. b. medium knuckle raps. medium finger taps. prepares the nail surface for bonding with the acrylic material is called a a. b. the first step in a facial is a. acrylic and polish d. d. b. percussion. primer. help lotion penetrate the skin. adhesive. petrissage. c. acrylic. effleurage. steaming the face. nonstriated. insertion. emollient. polymer and monomer 132. percussion. d. c. d. primer. b. A kneading movement used in massage is a. freshener. d. 139. You should press out blackheads on a client a. neck. b. cleansing the face. c. 141. d. chest. the horny layer of the skin is called a. c. forehead. The purpose of using infrared rays or electric 135. d. b. petrissage. current during a facial is to a. Another name for acrylic liquid is 136. The most stimulating massage movement is Facials 138. d. c. c. posterior. What two products are combined to form a built-on nail? a. and flexor. Theory of Massage 133. and frontalis. cleanser. d. After you analyze the client’s skin. you should start at the client’s a. spray. anterior. 134.
a makeup artist. darker. The client should avoid chocolate. The cosmetologist does not treat the client respectfully. greener. oily skin c. Where should you use a darker shade of foundation to correct a broad nose? a. an esthetician. 144. In general. below the nose d. aging skin look wider by a. You can safely tell the client to eliminate all fats and salt from the diet. b. and red wine. at the top and bottom of the face 149. extending the shadow past the outer corner of the eye. on the nose and chin d. all skin types d. b. bluer. 61 . b. a colorist.or herself professionally. Which statement about the diet for a client 146. shading the inner corner most heavily. Your client has a very round face. down the sides of the face 150. b. The client should consult with a doctor about an appropriate diet. You can use makeup to make very round eyes recommended? a. the client should have allergy testing. c. above the nose c. blemished skin Facial Makeup 147. 143. For which skin type are pack facials you apply corrective makeup? a. d. on the sides of the nose b. d. dry and mature skin d.–C osmetology refresher Course– 142. d. and limit fluid intake. A cosmetologist who specializes in skin care is recommended for? a. The cosmetologist does not follow correct sanitary procedures. b. a cosmetician. c. extending the shadow in close to the nose. d. dry skin b. oily skin c. Which of the following is NOT a common reason that clients give for dissatisfaction with facials? a. on the cheekbones c. lighter. c. 148. c. using very light shadow under the brows and in the crease. down the sides of the face b. The cosmetologist does not present him. The cosmetologist is extremely organized and has all materials on hand. Where should called a. c. eye shadow that is darker than the client’s iris will make her eyes appear a. What skin types are hydrating masks with acne is correct? a. combination skin b. Acne is caused by specific food allergies. nuts. 145. d.
b. d. in a closed laundry receptacle. b. electronic tweezers. b. in a drawer for reuse. d. a cold-wax depilatory. no special training. 152. b. d. waxing b. such as towels and capes. doing facial makeup. a hot-wax depilatory. immediately in the washing machine. A skin-sensitivity test is necessary before using current that destroys the root of the hair is called a. The wax is removed slowly and gently. a certification. d. c. It is necessary to do an allergy test before permanently? a. a licensed electrologist d. b. a chemical depilatory. The wax is removed in the opposite direction of hair growth. epilating 157. a licensed electrician b. when the hair is fine d. 155. when the hair is coarse b. To perform laser hair removal. b. Which statement about use of hot wax to remove hair is correct? a. 158. It is safe if hot wax gets into the client’s eyes. on the floor for laundry collection. a licensed esthetician c. a licensed cosmetologist 160. laser epilating. never c. photo depilation. d. always a. c. a straight line just below the top of the eye socket. 159. all washable linens. should be placed a. to have a. you need a. b.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 151. electrolysis. arching eyebrows. electrology. The removal of hair by means of an electric 153. Which of the following methods removes hair eyebrows is a. applying semipermanent individual eyelashes. c. The wax is applied in the opposite direction of hair growth. Which of the following can perform electrolysis? a. c. d. 62 . When is waxing a method of permanent hair removal? a. c. c. specialized training. an arch that follows the curved shape of the eye socket. The most natural and attractive shape of the 156. c. a straight line that follows the top of the eye socket. sugaring d. an additional license. After they are used for facial makeup. d. Hair removal 154. an arch just below the curve of the eye socket. applying artificial eyelash strips. lasering c.
In permanent waving. apply the neutralizer. temporary color d. an extra-long waving time. set and style the hair. which wrapping the next step is to a. The hair is softened. d. c. hold a shape. b. density and length. elasticity and density. resist moisture. To perm hair longer than six inches. oxidative tints c. b. You should apply waving lotion to the depends on the hair’s a. what during the processing stage? a.–C osmetology refresher Course– Chemical Services Permanent waving 161. d. 170. When you are doing a permanent wave. The hair is hardened. retain its curl. 169. a double-flat wrap b. The hair is softened. blot off excess water. c. d. b. Hair will be curlier at the ends and straighter at the scalp. type of hair color should NOT be permed over? a. c. top and bottom of each rod. client’s top hairline and allow it to drip down slowly. 163. b. b. The hair is moistened. d. d. b. you should use a. what happens to the hair overprocessed in permanent waving? a. porosity and texture. 162. Hair is soft and supple. 167. 168. blow-dry the hair. c. The hair is lubricated. a croquignole perm wrap c. c. d. The hair is lubricated. In permanent waving. an alkaline-based waving lotion. d. top of each rod only. area between the rods. c. b. In permanent waving. a piggyback perm wrap 165. metallic salt tints 63 . b. Porosity refers to the hair’s ability to a. Hair will be curlier at the scalp and straight on the ends. How can you determine if hair has been technique is used to wrap the hair from the ends to the scalp? a. a. texture and elasticity. aniline-derivative tints b. c. what happens to the hair during the neutralization stage? a. absorb liquid. 164. small partings and a bricklay wrap. a bookend wrap d. The processing time used for the waving lotion 166. The hair is hardened. d. c. Oil is added to the hair shaft. small partings and a piggyback wrap. After rinsing the waving lotion from the hair. Hair will have a strong cure pattern.
c. they can simultaneously a. allergies to most hair-color products. c. 177. lighten the hair and add color. very dark hair. Permanent hair colors differ from temporary a. coating the hair so that melanin cannot enter the cuticle layer. They brighten each other. the word tone refers to a. c. d. This avoids the spread of infection. c. They neutralize each other. Hydrogen peroxide bleaches the color out of 173. coarse or very curly hair. c. b. color matching. d. They develop each other. c. darken and condition the hair. fine or damaged hair. lighten the hair and remove color. Most people are allergic to these products. b. c. cleanse and condition the hair. porosity. Which of the following is a secondary color? 176. they are often used on clients who have a. b. Which of the following is NOT a tertiary color? a. d. acting as a solvent and diluting the solution of melanin and protein. blue-green red-violet yellow yellow-orange 174. 180. 178. density. d.–Cosmetology refresher Course– Hair Coloring 171. b. warmth. b. pink orange teal brown hair colors because they a. d. both lighten and deposit color. diluting the melanin globules and making them appear lighter. d. b. 175. natural sheen. b. d. 172. Because semipermanent hair-coloring products do not change the structure of the hair shaft. color highlights. lightening action. cannot cause damage to fine hair. The advantage of single-process tints is that applying a temporary color rinse? a. They darken each other. darkness. To a colorist. 179. c. allowing melanin to combine with oxygen and diffuse through the hair shaft. These products are highly toxic to the skin and eyes. b. Why is it important that you wear gloves when hair by a. can only darken the hair. 64 . can be used on previously tinted hair. c. c. When used to describe a color. These products can stain the skin as well as the hair. b. d. What effect do complementary colors have on each other? a. d. b. the term lift refers to a. d.
d. b. black. such as chlorine. Green tones in a hair color usually result from throughout the hair’s a. d. washes out after approximately eight shampoos. it is important that you carefully explain a. 65 . 24–48 seconds prior to application 24–48 minutes prior to application 24–48 hours prior to application 24–48 days prior to application a. b. hair that is not sufficiently porous. b. 184. c. d. Adding a lighter color in small. enters the cortex of the hair shaft. the process. d.–C osmetology refresher Course– 181. b. c. carefully will be especially dark because a. Before the client decides on a color service. 182. red. there are more hairs per square inch. Fading is a particular problem on hair that is 186. b. c. Your client’s hair is tinted a medium red- brown. remove the present tint. but she now requests a change to a lighter shade. tipping. highlighting. red c. the chemical process involved. medulla. d. recondition her hair before adding a semipermanent rinse. is not alkaline. reaction to a chemical. When should a patch test be given? selected areas is known as a. that you can guarantee that you will achieve a specific shade. c. c. b. 185. Melanin pigment is naturally present 189. d. olive b. cuticle. papilla. It will be necessary for you to first a. and upkeep involved. fine hair contains more melanin than other types of hair. blonde. b. a. the melanin granules are grouped closely together. c. d. A penetrating hair color is one that a. the effect tinted a. d. not enough orange in the mix. is not mixed with a developer. cost. When you add pigment to fine hair. 183. c. d. decolorizing. c. cortex. add a filler tint. b. fine hair contains more melanin granules than other types. golden 190. dark brown. backlighting. select a complementary tint. b. c. You should choose a warm hair color for a client with which type of skin tone? a. that hair coloring carries the risk for allergic reaction. neutral d. too much red in the mix. 187. 188.
–Cosmetology refresher Course–
191. Your client complains that her hair color is “too
196. You remove a toner by
red.” You determine that her hair is actually a level 7 orange. To neutralize the brassy tones, you should select a a. level 7 green. b. level 8 green. c. level 7 blue. d. level 8 blue.
192. Hydrogen peroxide should be stored in a
a. b. c. d.
applying hydrogen peroxide to neutralize it. shampooing twice. brushing the hair vigorously. wetting the hair and massaging it to a lather.
197. A color additive is
a. b. c. d.
clear glass bottle in the refrigerator. plastic container in a warm place. opaque container in a cool, dark place. clear glass container in direct sunlight.
a. a hair-color product. b. a semipermanent hair color. c. a particular combination of dyes that make up a specific hair color. d. a concentrated color used to intensify or tone down a hair color. Chemical Hair relaxing 198. During a relaxer test, the test strand of hair breaks. You should a. refuse to treat the client’s hair. b. condition the client’s hair. c. do another test with a weaker solution. d. recommend thermal hair relaxing to the client.
199. What should you do before chemically relaxing
193. Before the application of a toner, the hair must
first be a. decolorized. b. prelightened. c. pretinted. d. single processed.
194. A very pale blonde color can be safely
achieved by a. one prolonged application of bleach. b. using a combination of semipermanent and permanent hair colors. c. lightening to pale yellow and then using a toner. d. up to three applications of bleach.
195. In permanent hair color, the ingredient in
a client’s hair with a no-base relaxer? a. Protect the entire scalp with a petroleum cream. b. Apply a protective cream to the hairline and ears. c. Wet the client’s hair. d. Recommend thermal hair relaxing to the client.
200. When retouching a client’s hair with a sodium
professional tints is a. aniline derivative. b. metallic salt. c. vegetable dye. d. developer.
hydroxide relaxer, you should a. relax the entire head again. b. relax only the curliest parts of the hair. c. wait at least six months between treatments. d. relax the new growth only.
–C osmetology refresher Course–
201. A chemical hair relaxer that is formulated for
Haircutting 205. In the five-section parting method, section 1 is located a. from the forehead to the crown. b. at the back of the head. c. above the right ear. d. above the left ear.
206. When holding haircutting scissors, you place
fine, color-treated, or damaged hair would be labeled as what strength? a. low strength b. mild strength c. regular strength d. super strength
202. Relaxers with ammonium thioglycolate differ
from relaxers with sodium hydroxide because thio relaxers are a. milder. b. quicker. c. more dangerous. d. hotter.
203. When giving a soft-curl perm, you should take
your thumb a. on the finger brace. b. in the ring of the movable blade. c. in the ring of the still blade. d. on the pivot.
207. The terms slithering and effiliating refer to the
a test curl frequently in order to ensure that the a. hair is not becoming curlier. b. hair is curling properly but not becoming damaged. c. client’s skin is not becoming irritated. d. heat is not too great for the client to stand.
204. Which statement about chemically relaxed hair
process of a. cutting tinted hair. b. cutting very curly hair. c. thinning the hair. d. finger waving the hair.
208. In haircutting, what should you do after
is correct? a. You should not use a thio relaxer on hair previously treated with sodium hydroxide. b. You should not use heat of any kind on chemically relaxed hair. c. A protective base is always needed for a sodium hydroxide relaxer. d. Never use sodium hydroxide on very fine hair.
dividing the hair into sections? a. Cut the hair in section 1. b. Blunt cut sections 2 and 3. c. Divide section 5 into two equal parts and blunt cut. d. Decide on the length of the nape guideline hair.
209. To cut bangs, you should position yourself
a. b. c. d.
in front of the client. in back of the client. on a low stool. above the top of the client’s head.
–Cosmetology refresher Course–
210. The guide for cutting each section of hair is the
215. What do layers in a haircut create?
a. b. c. d.
nape hair. height of the earlobe. previously cut section. crown hair.
a. b. c. d.
weight texture movement tension
211. A technique for creating fullness in a haircut by
216. When cutting curly hair, you need to remember
cutting the ends of the hair at a slight taper is called a. razoring. b. beveling. c. texturing. d. slithering.
212. In a blunt or one-length haircut, what degree
of elevation is employed? a. 90° b. 45° c. 30° d. 0°
213. Which of the following is NOT a reason for
that it will a. extend much more after it dries than straight hair. b. change color much more after it dries than straight hair. c. shrink much more after it dries than straight hair. d. straighten much more after it dries than straight hair.
217. The clipper is used to
a. b. c. d.
make the first guide cut. finish off the crown hair. trim the neck hair. thin the hair.
using reference points in haircutting? a. to ensure balance within the design b. to allow for the re-creation of the same haircut again c. to indicate where and when to change technique to compensate for irregularities in the head form d. to determine the length the hair should be cut to
214. The area of the head between the apex and the
back of the parietal ridge is called the a. occipital bone. b. crown. c. top of the head. d. sides of the head.
Hairstyling 218. In finger waving, which statement about forming the first ridge is correct? a. Emphasize the ridge by pushing it outward with your fingers. b. The first ridge begins at the crown of the head. c. The first ridge is formed by inserting the comb beneath your index finger and pulling forward. d. With the teeth of the comb still inserted in the first ridge, you would next pull the hair away from the head.
nape of the neck. d. d. d. For a client with a protruding chin. metal or celluloid b. a smooth. hard rubber c. b. level of the earlobe. be asymmetrical. c. The coarser the hair. heatproof plastic d. b. wide at the top. crown of the head. b. Square-base curls should be staggered in a brick-laying format. 229. d. There is no relationship. nape of the neck. Back combing is used to place it a. you should curls. c. in the center of its base. be upswept and full on top. 228. For a client with a long. 221. Normal hair should have exactly one pin curl per square inch. Which statement about bases for pin curls is incorrect? a. d. Which type of comb is NOT good for use with a. b. fall in long. 227. A client with close-set eyes should have a a. full waves. crown of the head. b. After heating and rolling a full-base curl. 223. halfway off its base. 225. c. The finished curl is affected by the shape of the base. b. hairline level. Triangular-base curls are used along the facial hairline. 222. asymmetrical. curling irons? a. b. nonflammable material 69 . b. setting. the more pin curls. b. forehead. When you are shaping waved bangs with pin should a. strength in your grip. Practice with using thermal irons is intended to help you develop a. an impressive repertoire of moves. add volume to a hairstyle. the more pin curls.–C osmetology refresher Course– 219. back comb the hair. 226. c. c. c. forward and high on its base. The second ridge begins at the 224. c. wet down the hair slightly. the next step is to a. wide at the bottom. rotating motion. d. remove tangles from hair. hairstyle that is a. resistance to injury from heat. be very full around the face. c. d. apply setting lotion. After you remove the rollers and clips from a create a hairstyle with fullness at the a. completely off its base. thoroughly brush the hair. swept back. You subdivide sections of hair into bases for pin curls. b. d. hide the roots of tinted hair. d. chin level. what is the relationship between hair texture and number of pin curls? a. smooth out curl patterns. d. c. The finer the hair. the hair 220. c. thin neck.
the finer the hair. d. c.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 230. c. 231. coarsen. hair will frizz or curl. a layered hairstyle. Braiding and Braid extensions 238. d. dry. the larger the sections. c. When you are braiding or weaving hair. hair will fall out at the roots. 232. b. c. d. A three-strand braid that employs the pressing lightened or tinted hair because it is more likely to a. 234. loose curls. semiwet. b. the smaller the sections. c. In the event of a scalp burn. wet. discolor. it is most important to a. d. Thermal Hair Straightening 233. 40–50% 60–74% 75% 100% 237. apply cotton balls dipped in ice water. Very short hair presents particular problems in brush results in a. 70 . an indivisible braid. frizz. How much curl does a hard press remove? waver. the curlier the hair. a long-lasting hairstyle. it is most important to a. get the hair and scalp completely dry. c. it is best if the hair is a. reshampoo the client’s hair. d. cut the hair with blunt ends. you should hairstyle holds in place. When you are making sure that a blown-dry a. c. follow the hair’s natural waves. d. The rule for deciding on the size of the subsections to use when pressing hair is a. d. a visual braid. You should control the heat carefully when immediately a. b. b. d. apply 1% gentian violet jelly. iron will burn the client. the finer the hair. b. c. curly hair. cut the hair with blunt ends. When you are styling a client’s hair with an air pressing because of the possibility that the a. wet the area that has been burned with cold water and then apply a light dusting of talcum powder to absorb the heat. 239. use a large-diameter brush. d. b. is called a. b. using a large-diameter 235. the curlier the hair. b. the larger the sections. c. an invisible braid. in which strands of hair are woven under the center strand. curl up. semidry. When blow-drying hair. use the hottest drying temperature the client can stand. use the largest brush available. 236. the smaller the sections. iron will not be hot enough. a visible braid. b. underhand technique. c. d. have the hair completely dry first. b.
acetone. type of hair. d. c. wetting it. wetting it and letting it dry on the client’s head. cool water. cutting it apart and resewing it. visible b. 247. pinning it to a larger size block. the hair begins to regain length and the locks are closed at the ends. hair locking. invisible 241. To remove bonded wefts from the hair. hair parting and pattern. bonding method c. finished style. sew-and-cut method b. hair meshing. length d. hair winding. When ordering a wig for a client. and putting it under a hot dryer. and letting it dry naturally. wetting it. c. pinning it to a larger size block. sprouting stage c. underhand d. fusion method 71 . hair stepping. maturation stage 243. c. Natural textured hair that is intertwined and hair will fall? a. reference b. must soak them in a. d. you should specify the measurements.–C osmetology refresher Course– 240. you a. client’s skin color. dense and dull. length of hair. angle c. b. b. client’s eye color. You can stretch a wig that is too small by meshed together to form a single or separate network of hair describes a. limp hair? a. What method of attachment is best for clients with fine. not reflecting any light. A man or a woman who wears narrow rows of 245. d. b. 242. cut wigs and Hair enhancements 246. what stage of maturation is the lock in? a. oil. 244. What aspect of the track determines how the visible braids that lie close to the scalp is wearing what type of braid? a. track-and-sew method d. d. If a bulb can be felt at the end of each lock. hair color. b. and a. prelock stage b. c. cornrow c. warm water. growing stage d.
the best way to 250. narrow-tooth comb. use a ensure that the style will suit the client’s features is to a. Which statement about cutting a synthetic wig a. Cut the wig while wet. Cut the wig while dry. c. b. d. When combing out a newly set wig. d. d. Cut the wig while wet. use a picture of the client as a guide. using scissors and thinning shears. is correct? a. Cut the wig while dry. c. wire bristle brush. c. When you cut and shape a wig. using scissors and thinning shears. using a razor. cut it to the client’s directions. b. natural bristle brush. 249. wide-tooth comb. use a picture of a model the client thinks is attractive. b.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 248. using a razor. cut it while it is on the client. 72 .
22. 15. Bacteriology 21. also known as the trifacial or trigiminal nerve. 5. After each client. problems with the legs. b. Your Professional Image 6. To sterilize a porous surface such as a nail plate. The body’s main defenses against infection are unbroken skin. A carrier is someone who can transmit a disease to others without being sick him. Ergonomics is a prevention of problems in our industry. it is responsible for all processes. and Body Systems 13. soft. a. a. and back. This includes changing clothes daily and washing hands after using the restroom and before and after clients. It is the chief sensory nerve of the face and the motor nerve of chewing. c. muscular. The skin is the largest and most important organ of the body. and circulatory. The pedicure foot spa should be disinfected with a hospital-grade disinfectant. white blood cells. and flexible. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include carpal tunnel syndrome. would destroy the nail plate. It is the ability to fit your work to your body and not your body to your work. Ten major systems compose the body: respiratory. 2. skeletal. OSHA enforces these standards. holding shoulders level. excretory. 19. c. Gripping and/or squeezing implements too tightly can cause tendonitis and/or carpal tunnel syndrome. and no slouching. d. which are not healthy and can cause sluggishness and weight gain. MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) are required by federal law. a. 7. 11. 17. reproductive. Rest your body weight on the full length of your thighs while sitting to avoid constricting one specific area. virucide. The cell is the basic unit of all living matter. Red blood cells have other functions within the body. Otology is the scientific study of bones. OS is the technical term for bone. is the largest nerve. such as musculoskeletal disorders. b. and tendonitis. as it is not only a bactericide. 20. and antitoxins. Good posture means standing with the back straight. d. Tissue. nervous. a. 12. c. The fifth cranial nerve. Only nonporous surfaces can be sterilized. head up. 4. such as digestive juices. 9. integumentary. Use 5% chlorine bleach to one gallon of water to disinfect a whirlpool pedicure chair. Fast foods tend to be packed with sugar and fats. c. Physiology studies the function and activities performed by body structures. Cells. a. b. c. wrists. 14. a.or herself. d. The average heart beats 72–80 times per minute in a normal resting state. d. d. 10. endocrine. for example. clean and clear the drain of hair and disinfect the bowl with a hospitalgrade disinfectant. but also a fungicide. Infection Control and Federal regulations 8. body secretions. 18. shoulders.–C osmetology refresher Course– answers Scientific Concepts Nutrition/ergonomics 1. and tuberculocide. from the moveable part of a muscle (insertion) to the fixed part of a muscle (origin). c. Personal hygiene is very important in this industry because cosmetologists have very close contact with our clients. feet. digestive. Muscles should be massaged from insertion to origin. Healthy skin is moist. b. 3. 73 . b. 16.
a. Oil treatments are beneficial for split ends. The purpose of scalp manipulation (scalp massage) is to relax the client and to stimulate blood circulation in the scalp. a.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 23. starting at the matrix and extending over the tip of the finger. a. A cowlick is a tuft of hair that stands straight up. A normal. and oval. 34. Disinfectants are used to kill microorganisms on nonliving surfaces only. painful infection of a hair follicle. It is important to use the proper procedure when disinfecting a countertop. 36. Always wear rubber gloves and goggles when handling powerful chemicals such as disinfectants in order to protect your hands and eyes. 43. The health of a person’s hair is most influenced by the person’s physical and emotional health. you should always follow the manufacturers’ directions when using them. Quat is an effective and fast-acting disinfectant. healthy nail grows forward. almost flat. such as decomposing garbage. since head lice spread so easily. The Nail and Its Disorders 50. 31. a. 26. 38. Cosmetologists should NOT treat skin diseases. Cocci bacteria move through the air. b. or furuncle. HIV. 49. The other choices are correct statements about head lice. 27. Sanitation means keeping every item and surface in the salon clean and properly disinfected. 40. a. 29. c. Always clean instruments thoroughly before placing them in disinfectant solution. The solution used in a wet sanitizer should be changed every day. The most common pus-forming bacteria are staphylococci. c. b. a. The cuticle is the outermost protective layer of the hair shaft. c. They should never be used on human skin. 32. a. or nails. 46. HIV can be spread only by the sharing of blood or other body fluids. 28. c. 42. c. The shape and direction of the follicle determines the direction of hair growth. if you accidentally cut a person who has HIV and get blood on your scissors. 24. 37. Ethyl alcohol must be used in a solution no weaker than 70% to be an effective disinfectant. For example. Properties of the Hair and Scalp 39. 47. Because disinfectants are such strong chemicals. 41. b. d. d. The three hair shapes are round. The other treatments mentioned would not help and might aggravate the problem. Decontamination and Infection Control 30. 33. 35. a. b. Clients with head lice should never be treated in the salon. d. 44. choices are likely to leave potentially harmful materials on the countertop surface. The bulb of the hair fits around and over the papilla at the base of the hair shaft. quat is short for quaternary ammonium compound. d. 45. Spirilla bacteria are shaped like corkscrews. a. hair. c. Ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. The average person sheds approximately 35–40 hairs per day. a. you should refer the client to a physician. A boil. Using unsanitary implements can spread 25. Nonpathogenic organisms are helpful and perform many useful functions. 48. instead. the virus could be spread to another person unless the scissors are properly sanitized. is an acute. The incomplete procedures listed in the other answer 74 . d. a. b. b.
a. You should not remove hair from a mole. The vascular system. a. c.–C osmetology refresher Course– 51. The lower jawbone is called the mandible. If an infection is present. you should refer the client to a physician. c. The Skin and Its Disorders 57. 76. flowing first in one direction and then in the opposite direction. excretion. d. Digestion is a function of the digestive system. consists of the heart and blood vessels. d. A person’s rate of breathing. The main functions of the skin include protection. a. 69. c. electricity and Light Therapy 73. Elastin is the fiber similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue and gives the skin the ability to stretch and contact to regain its shape. a. 74. c. The other statements are incorrect. which is a constant. which is a rapid and interrupted current. 60. and alternating current. 75 . 59. The skin is the thickest on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Younger people’s nails grow more quickly 64. 71. apply antiseptic and a sterile bandage to help prevent infection. d. b. b. heat regulation. a burn can occur. If a client is accidentally cut during a manicure. c. d. The capillaries nourish individual body cells. Anatomy. 72. 67. Subcutaneous tissue is located below the 52. a. no matter what the cause. 66. A nail disorder is a condition caused by injury to the nail or some disease or imbalance in the body. electrodes must be firmly wrapped with moistened pledgets. c. Whether you are using direct or indirect application of high-frequency current. a. 53.) Cells. a. The two types of electric current are direct current. c. even-flowing current that travels in one direction only and produces a chemical reaction. 58. 56. The skin’s function as an excretory organ is to perspire. A fungal infection in the nail most commonly appears as a discoloration that spreads toward the cuticle. The frontalis muscle controls the movement of the forehead. which are usually saturated with saltwater. c. The other answer choices are overreactions to a minor injury. A nail that is lost because of disease will probably grow back distorted. which rids the body of waste products. and Physiology 65. 54. c. Acne is a chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands and can occur anywhere on the body. 62. a. 68. Dermatitis refers to any inflammation of the skin. Specialized cells within the long bones also produce blood cells. The skeleton supports and protects the internal organs. sensation. Electrotherapy is a facial performed with electric facial machines to enhance the treatment. The muscles surrounding the ear have almost no function. and secretion of sebum. 55. increases with increased activity. 75. When you use galvanic current. dermis. 61. (Note: The prefix sub-means below. b. d. 63. than those of older people. Manicure a hypertrophied nail as long as no infection is present. c. 70. rather than staying the same all the time. which circulates blood throughout the body. The sweat glands regulate body temperature (primarily by helping to cool the body) and secrete waste products.
Be courteous. c. Electrodes are usually made of glass and are applied directly to the skin and scalp during electrotherapy. 88. Rent. identify yourself. d. a. Providing good service will increase business in the long run. b. 82. 86. The other choices are examples of oil-inwater solutions. 84. also called detergents. this may make the client impatient. 98. b. 102. An element cannot be separated into a simpler substance by ordinary chemical means. a. It is a caustic chemical that must be handled with extreme caution. b. d. don’t go overboard with a long greeting. which the owner can increase or decrease whenever he or she wants. Poor or ineffective managers are reluctant to share information with staff because they are afraid of losing power. which has a pH of 13. Careful inventory records will help you reorder in time so you do not miss potential sales. but rather remain on the surface. In most states. a. A fine-needle electrode is inserted into the follicle to destroy the root of the hair during electrolysis. Surfactants. c. and ask what you can do for the client. A complete circuit is the path of an electric current from the generating source through conductors and back to its original source. Polymers are chemicals that form long chains and thus coat the hair shafts and hold them in place. Permission to renovate a property is usually obtained from the local (town or city) government. 85. c. c. a. but not how individuals will use the profits of their business. c. The Salon Business 91. c. 93. Because of the large molecular weight of the pigment molecules. Chemistry 83. 81. temporary hair colors cannot enter into the hair shaft. is thermal and also germicidal. 87. Sodium hydroxide. c. Ethyl methacrylate is a chemical compound used in many sculptured nails. 94. 95. is strongly alkaline. 99. 80.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 77. On the other hand. cleanse. d. 96. d. The size of your salon will determine the number of staffers you will need to hire to achieve maximum efficiency and productivity of the salon space. a. and salaries are costs over which the owner has less control. 100. 79. The business plan includes every aspect of the business. A conductor is a substance that carries or conducts electricity. c. 90. The business owner usually has the most control over advertising costs. A salon typically spends about 3% of its gross income on advertising. Volts measure electrical pressure. A business plan is most like a map in that it lays out all of the options you might take and helps you to chart the best route to your final goals. b. The Tesla current works by producing heat— 78. A neutral pH reading—that is. Always listen courteously to everything the client has to say before suggesting a solution. 89. Most metals are conductors. d. a. a. an indication that a substance is neither acid nor alkaline— is 7. d. 92. supplies. Electrolysis must be performed by a licensed electrologist. unless it is to be reinvested in the business. Cleansing cream is a water-in-oil emulsion. 101. 76 . 97. both the state and federal governments levy income taxes. Always consider the client’s best interest. b.
Wrap a towel over the client’s shoulders. 122. 124. necklaces. Manicuring and Pedicuring 117. Powered alum can be used to stop bleeding as it clots the blood over the cut. Acid-balanced rinses are used to preserve the color of tinted hair and keep it from fading.–C osmetology refresher Course– Physical Services Draping 103. 128. where it can cause discomfort to the client. a. d. Shampooing. c. c. b. 104. c. fiberglass. If you accidentally cut your client’s skin during a manicure. Advanced Nail Techniques 123. The hand massage is done after the nail preparation and before applying nail polish. Squeeze the hair to remove excess lather before rinsing. fragile. 108. or damaged from breakage. Careful draping is important because it shows consideration for the client’s comfort. a. b. Protein is a conditioning agent. 118. and then another towel. A nail tip should never cover more than one-half of the natural nail plate. a. Support the client’s head in your left hand while you manipulate the scalp with your right. such as problem dandruff. 127. c. 125. You should not massage the shinbone or above the knee. a. A nail wrap is a material placed over a natural nail or a tip that protects a nail that is brittle. c. since the nail extension is built on an existing foundation. first remove any polish and place the client’s fingertips in a bowl with enough acetone to cover the nails and 77 . rinsing. a. Clean the manicure table with a disinfectant before each manicure in order to kill any potentially harmful bacteria. b. 115. neck. 107. paper. c. 106. To protect your client’s clothing. Medicated shampoos are more expensive than other shampoos. and Conditioning 109. 111. b. and head. Have the client rinse the shampoo from her eye immediately to avoid additional irritation. a. d. b. then the cape. 126. To remove nail tips. Sculptured nails are also known as built-on nails. Monitor the water temperature continuously while shampooing to make sure it doesn’t get uncomfortably hot or cold. c. 105. calluses. c. d. Nail antiseptic must be applied to the natural nail before applying the nail tip to remove the remaining natural oil and to dehydrate the nail for better adhesion. apply an antiseptic to prevent infection. but they are effective when prescribed by a physician to treat specific scalp conditions. 121. 114. 129. 120. and any other jewelry or adornment around the face. or nylon. 116. 113. Select a nail tip that fits the tip of the client’s nail. have the client change into a gown and use a waterproof shampoo cape before beginning the service. The neck strip should prevent any part of the cape from touching the client’s skin. linen. Using a fine grit file to remove natural oil from the nail plate and then applying a nail antiseptic to dehydrate the nail plate will allow the nail wrap to adhere better. 112. Massage the calf muscles. d. 119. Never brush a client’s hair if the scalp is irritated. not a cosmetologist. and shape as needed. d. or ingrown toenails—this is a job for a physician. b. Make sure that the cape does not touch the client’s skin. Do not treat corns. The wrap can be silk. d. b. Always remove the cuticle as a single piece. moving toward the heart. Have the client remove earrings. 110.
d. the other choices are things the cosmetologist should not do. a. 131. a. and help lotions and creams better penetrate. For sanitary reasons. place used linens in a closed laundry receptacle immediately. A primer is a substance that improves adhesion. which begins with the application of cleansing cream. polymer (powder) and monomer (liquid) form a soft mound and can be placed on the nail form to build a nail enhancement. b. c. d. Theory of Massage 133. 151. b. 155. Blending a darker shade of foundation down the sides of the nose will minimize its width. Facial Makeup 147. 134. Remove blackheads with gentle pressure immediately after steaming the face. a. d. 130. d. 152. 148. 140. Use light finger taps only to the face to avoid causing discomfort to the client and damaging sensitive tissues. Facials 138. Shape the eyebrow so that the curve follows the top of the eye socket. c. 135. Pack facials are recommended for all skin types and are usually applied directly to the skin. a. nonstriated (also called involuntary. a. or smooth muscles). A darker eye shadow will generally make the eyes appear to be lighter. b. 146. also called liquid. c. 78 . Have the client consult with a physician about an appropriate diet. Heat and electric current stimulate the skin 142. 139. Deep cleansing. 143. Remove the wax quickly. start at the forehead. b. is made up of many small molecules. 144. 137.–Cosmetology refresher Course– soak them for the amount of time recommended by the manufacturer. and prepares the nail surface for bonding with the acrylic material. 141. 136. Exfoliation refers to shedding and peeling of the horny (outer) layer of the skin by an exfoliant ingredient. Hair removal 154. d. c. a. 149. d. or attachment. d. and cardiac (the heart). d. Hydrating masks are recommended for dry and mature skin or skin that appears lifeless and dull. such as in an enzyme peel. When combined on a brush. The cosmetologist should be organized and have all materials readily available. Gauze is often used to aid in holding the mask preparation on the face. when the pores are open. Apply corrective makeup down the sides of the face for a client with a round face. 156. 132. b. is the most stimulating type of massage. Laser hair removal is a permanent form of hair removal. Extending the shadow out past the outer corner of the eye will make the eyes look wider. Petrissage is a kneading movement. A skin test is necessary before using a chemical depilatory. Monomer. which consists of tapping or slapping movements. 150. 153. Percussion. visceral. 145. is the first major step in a facial. The three types of muscular tissue are striated (also called skeletal or voluntary muscles). in the opposite direction of hair growth. An allergy test is necessary because of the adhesive used in semipermanent eyelashes. An esthetician specializes in skin care. d. and then use a fresh orangewood stick or a metal pusher to slide off the softened tips. c. When removing cleansing cream. a. a.
This method requires specialized training. and laser hair removal are the only forms of permanent hair removal. d. d. Too many disulfide bonds have been broken and will render too weak to hold curl and may appear frizzy. In certain states and provinces. 166. a. 172. complementary colors neutralize each other. a. The processing is stopped and the disulfide bonds are rebuilt. b. After rinsing. The removal of hair by means of an electric current that destroys the root of the hair is called electrolysis. 165. A tertiary color is an intermediate color achieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring primary color on the color wheel in equal amounts. 159. Because permanent products both lighten and apply color. Porosity refers to the ability to absorb liquid. the next step is to blot excess water before applying neutralizer. Overprocessed hair will be curlier at the scalp and straight on the ends or may even be completely straight. The top half of the strand is rolled with one tool and the second half of the strand is rolled with the second tool. They coat the hair and perming can cause discoloration. 158. The hair is softened during the processing stage. a. Processing time depends on the hair’s porosity and texture. 173. photo-epilation. most commonly offered by laser equipment manufacturers. The secondary colors are green. This produces a lighter cure on the ends and larger cure at the scalp due to the hair overlapping in layers when it is rolled on the tool. Croquignole perm wrapping is wrapping the strand from the ends of the hair to the scalp. d. and breakage of hair. yellow-orange. Only a licensed electrologist may perform electrolysis. and violet. Hair Coloring 171. 160. The term tone refers to the warmth or coolness of a color. b. c. and yellow-green. Electrolysis. 177. c. This is the most common type of perm. 176. which rehardens the hair to take on the new curl formation of the rod. 169. 168. a. a. 79 . b. red-violet. b. 162. blue-violet. Temporary rinses can stain the skin as well as the hair. d. 175. b. 167. The hair is hardened during the neutralizing stage of perm waving. cosmetolo- gists or estheticians are allowed to perform laser hair removal. orange. red-orange. 170. a. b. uneven cure. A secondary color is a color obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors. To perm hair longer than six inches. Semipermanent hair-coloring products are often used on clients with very fine or previously damaged hair. c. which breaks the disulfide bonds to reshape hair around the rods to form a new cure pattern. Metallic salt tints are hair colors sold for home use and are not compatible with permanent waves. c. the perm wave solutions open the cuticle layer and allow the solution to penetrate into the cortex layer of the hair. 163. 174. 164. Apply waving lotion to the top and underside of each wound rod. d. Because they are opposite on the color wheel. Chemical Services Permanent waving 161. use small partings and the piggyback wrap or double tool technique because two tools are used on the subsection or strand of hair. The tertiary colors include blue-green.–C osmetology refresher Course– 157. a wide range of effects are possible with these products.
d. the melanin granules are grouped more closely together. The term lift refers to a product’s lightening action. in this case. b. hair must be prelightened using a bleach to achieve a pale blonde color. Part of the point of doing a test strand is to see how the client’s hair will tolerate the treatment. c. the hair has to be prelightened first. c. which is also called a color concentrate. Before application of a toner. and the tint should remain undisturbed on the test site for 24 hours. b. 188. The patch test must be given 24 to 48 hours prior to application. b. do another test using a milder solution. Take frequent test curls to ensure that the curls are forming properly but the hair is not being damaged. b. b. such as chlorine in a swimming pool. presented in a positive light. 192. Neutralize an unwanted color with a complementary color that is a shade darker. Thio relaxers are milder and may thus be used on hair that is damaged. This is the correct definition of a color additive. Relax only the new growth during a retouch. Melanin pigment is scattered throughout the cortex of each hair. darker tint before adding a lighter one. c. c. color-treated. a. applied. 184. that is. 191. Warm hair colors are recommended for clients with golden skin tones. 181. d. 190. A penetrating color is one that enters the cortex of the hair shaft. a. d. 180. A mild chemical hair relaxer is one that is formulated for fine. Fading is a particular problem with red tints. or doubleprocess. Greenish tones most often result from reaction to a chemical in the environment. It renders hair acceptable for other professional services such as permanent waves and relaxes. In fine hair. This is called a two-process. 182. A protective base is always used with a sodium hydroxide relaxer. Make sure that the client understands all these factors. a sub- 179. Both heat and light cause hydrogen peroxide to break down. before making a decision. finer. 195. b. 202. Remove the toner by wetting the hair and massaging it until it lathers. If the test strand breaks. a. level 8 blue will neutralize a level 7 orange. 189. When using a no-base product. c. b. a. It is necessary to remove the present. d. its ability to remove the natural hair color. a. or less curly. c. 196. d. as the toner is a pastel shade of a tint. 199. Aniline derivative is the ingredient in all professional tints and toners and requires a 24. 203. 186. 187. c. application. so the effect is a darker color. or damaged hair and would be labeled in such a way as to avoid confusion over what strength it is. 197.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 178. Lightening to pale yellow and then using a toner is the safe way to achieve a very light blonde color. Single-process tints both lighten and add color in one step. stance that allows oxygen to combine with another substance. 200. d. 80 . Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizer. apply a protective cream to the client’s hairline and ears before applying the relaxer. a. c. and then toner should be 194. 204. Adding color in selected areas is highlighting. 193.to 48-hour patch test. 183. Chemical Hair relaxing 198. 201. you must use the exact same type of color as will be used for the hair-color service. 185.
a. Tinted or lightened hair is more likely to discolor when pressed. thin neck. a. b. The first ridge begins at the hairline. b. Balance a protruding chin by creating a hairstyle with fullness over the forehead. 223. c. a. ridge is to position the comb under your index finger and pull forward. 207. 212. a. A layered haircut is a graduated effect achieved by cutting the hair with elevation or overdirection.–C osmetology refresher Course– Hair Design Haircutting 205. A full-base curl should be placed firmly in the center of its base. Thermal Hair Straightening 233. 225. b. b. 214. not by how curly it is. Long. The most important thing to remember when cutting curly hair is that curly hair behaves differently from straight hair after it is cut—for example. The correct procedure for forming the first 219. b. 221. full waves of hair will minimize a long. 231. It is most often used with blunt cuts. a. 216. b. 222. d. The finished curl is not affected by the shape of the base. 228. 208. the style should be fairly high with a side movement. 213. take particular care to avoid burning the client’s skin. 230. The length of the haircut is determined by the desired finished style. 210. create fullness at the top. and a celluloid comb can catch on fire. Layers create movement and volume in the hair by releasing weight. Do not use a metal or celluloid comb. and the 220. 229. second begins at the crown of the head. 217. c. d. c. 211. Section 1 begins at the front hairline and extends to the top of the head. c. The other statements about pin curls are all correct. A blown-dry style will not hold if both the hair and scalp are not completely dry at the end of styling. it shrinks much more after it dries than straight hair. decide on the length of the nape guideline hair. a metal comb can burn the client. Brushing is the next step after removing rollers and pins. b. c. With very short hair. Stand in front of the client in order to cut bangs straight. Smooth rotating motions are essential to the correct use of the thermal iron. c. 235. 226. The size of the subsections is determined by the hair’s texture. 215. a. 234. 232. As you cut each section. use the previously cut section as a guide. The larger diameter the brush. 227. a. c. c. Finer hair requires a larger number of pin curls. After sectioning. Back combing adds volume to a hairstyle. It is important to identify any hair growth patterns in this area that may affect your finished cut. b. A blunt cut has no layers and therefore employs no elevation. The crown is the area between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge. Beveling is the technique used for creating fullness in a haircut by cutting the ends of the hair at a slight taper. An air waver is most successful if you locate and follow the hair’s natural waves. Slithering and effiliating both refer to thinning the hair. Clippers are used to trim the client’s neck hair. For close-set eyes. d. the looser the curls. 224. Hairstyling 218. d. 209. 81 . The thumb is inserted into the ring of the movable blade. d. 206. c. a. and cut. a.
b. d. limp hair because bonding and tracking create bulk at the base that is too bulky and obvious with fine hair. 82 . pin it to a larger block. 242. 241. or canerows. 237. 249. To remove bonded wefts. c. 248. type. 240. The angle at which the track is attached to the supporting braid is what will determine how the hair will fall. The manufacturer needs information not only about the measurements and hair color. are narrow rows of visible braids that lie close to the scalp. and do not use a razor. Cornrows. Fusion is a good choice for clients with fine. Hair locking. a. Cut synthetic wigs while dry. c. b. c. b. d.–Cosmetology refresher Course– 236. and children. The correct procedure for stretching a wig that is too small is to wet it. A visible braid is a three-strand braid that employs the underhand technique. in which strands of hair are woven under the center strand. and length. Use a wide-tooth comb to avoid damaging the hair of the wig. A hard press is a technique that removes 243. and let it dry naturally. It is best to braid hair when it is dry because if the hair is braided wet. In the event of an accidental scalp burn. immediately apply 1% gentian violet jelly. b. you must first dis- 100% of the curl by applying the pressing comb twice on each side of the hair. b. b. These flat contoured styles can last several weeks when applied without extensions and up to two months when applied with extensions. also called dreadlocks. 239. During the growing stage. 244. solve the adhesive bond with oil or bond remover. c. 245. the bulb can be felt at the end of each lock and the hair grows longer. then gently pull the weft from the hair. wigs and Hair enhancements 246. worn by men. a. is natural textured hair that is intertwined and meshed together to form a single or separate network of hair. but also about the hair parting and pattern. It is often advisable to cut a wig while the client is wearing it. 247. women. and can be braided on hair of various lengths and textures. Braiding and Braid extensions 238. it shrinks and recoils as it dries and may create excess pulling and tension. 250. a.
you have done some studying between the first exam and this one and have also practiced your test-taking skills in Lesson 4. This time around. As you take this test. you know more about how the exam is put together because you have seen many sample multiple-choice questions and are perhaps beginning to notice patterns in the order of questions. Pay attention to the explanations in the answer key. For example. you see that questions in each content area are grouped together. the answer sheet follows this page.5 l e s s o n Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2 lesson sU MMA RY This is the second of four practice exams based on the core content of your cosmetology coursework. remember that knowing what to expect helps you feel better prepared. this test is similar to the official cosmetology certification exam that you will take. As before. and the test is followed by the answer key. L 83 . If you’re following the LearningExpress Test Preparation System. Having taken one exam and having reviewed the Cosmetology Refresher Course. ike the first 100-question exam in this book. especially for the questions you missed. This pattern will help you develop your own test-taking strategy. you should feel more confident about your ability to pick the correct answers. This second exam will give you a chance to see how much you have improved.
72. 58. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 36. 81. 33. 83. 38. 43. 4. 46. 93. 82. 76. 40. 56. 96. 90. 3. 53. 22. 24. 62. 2. 10. 32. 68. 20. 73. 17. 26. 52. 51. 91. 69. 57. 59. 77. 92. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 71. 37. 21. 27. 30. 11. 88. 44. 61. 49. 80. 67. 95. 70. 63. 47. 12. 6. 54. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 85 . 84. 8. 9. 16. 34. 74. 66. 41. 85. 39. 94. 31. 15. 75. 97. 19. 78. 79. 98. 100. 35.–C osmetology ansWer sheet– Practice Test 2 1. 14. 45. 48. 50. 7. 18. 25. 86. 60. 28. 89. 5. 65. 23. 42. 29. 64. 87. 99. 55. 13.
launder gowns. In a salon. 87 . b. state and local government 5. commercial disinfectants are used to bacteriology in order to a. treponema b. 3. dry up and float on dust particles. very hot or very cold water. and storage requirements of the products 10. whether it is safe to use the product on skin d. 2. d. style. 8. federal law d. 9. d. b. b. c. The most important thing to consider when their own and are spread through the air? a. are destroyed. c. remain dormant. mycobacterium tuberculosis d. unsanitary tools and supplies. OSHA c. nonpathogenic bacteria. how to market the product to your clients c. d. avoid spreading HIV in the salon. b. The daily maintenance of personal cleanliness 6. prevent the spread of disease. wash hands. microspira c. comfort. associated hazards. relaxation. d. b. Who requires a manufacturer to provide through direct contact between people or through use of a. c. U. contagious disease may be spread selecting shoes to wear at work is a. sterilize instruments and tools. state board 4.S. EPA b. avoid contracting food-borne illnesses. grow and reproduce. In an active or vegetative stage. cosmetology. color. state law c. the content. d. preventive health care. a. Cosmetologists need to understand Sheet contain pertinent to the usage and storage of disinfectants? a. streptococci 7. why it is necessary to use disinfectants b. What information does a Material Safety Data in a school or salon? a. personal hygiene. bacteria cosmetologists with an MSDS? a. Department of Education b. quality of leather. b. c. c. EPA d. Which microorganisms are unable to move on and healthfulness is known as a. discuss biology with clients. In a salon. clean floors and countertops. c. infection-control procedures. d. Who enforces the safety and health standards a.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– Practice exam 2 1.
try a glycolic peel. injury. 21. c. 13. above the skin’s surface. c. 20. ears. eliminate dandruff and itchy scalp. fragilitas crinium tinea pityriasis canities actively growing tissue? a. d. d. b. cosmetologist chemistry b. The hair root is located a. the Richer scale c. or a. b. 19. c. red patches on her scalp and brittle hair that is broken off at the base in many places. oval. heart disease. macule c. infection. onychomycosis. c. A mosquito bite is an example of which type of 16. ringworm. soles of the feet. free edge 18. You should refer this client to a physician for treatment of a. eyelids. a. palms of the hands. b. d. favus. You should NOT manicure a nail that shows 12. b. d. Cosmetologists use ___________ to describe the acidity or alkalinity of a product. d. b. pterygium. c. nerves. below the skin’s surface. Seen in cross section.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 11. The purpose of a general scalp treatment is to caused by pregnancy. cure infectious skin conditions. weal 22. on the outside of the hair shaft. on the inside of the hair shaft. papule d. b. The human skin is thinnest over the a. illness. c. almost flat. Which part of the nail structure contains a. round. completely flat. a. 14. alkali 15. nail plate b. moist lesions on her face and arms. Your client has round. the pH scale d. d. prepare the client for electrolysis. d. Your client has developed several persistent. cyst b. Which of the following refers to gray hair? 17. Corrugations and furrows in the nail can be a. c. c. keep the scalp and hair healthy. c. You should suggest that the client a. d. d. b. b. head lice. scabies. nail root d. white spots. matrix c. atrophy. wavy hair appears to be signs of a. 88 . try lotions appropriate for oily skin. see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. skin lesion? a. b. consult a cosmetology textbook.
virus 24. Humectants. b. b. d. abductors. protein conditioners. 89 . jugular vein. d. diaphoresis of melanin. formation of a melanin solution. 31. biceps. The chemical reaction that occurs when hair is the head. handling electric equipment with wet hands a. c. angular artery. checking electric cords regularly for fraying d. A whitish discoloration of the nails. are an important ingredient in a. shampoos. bonding with the skin’s natural oil and moisture. and deltoid muscles. c. rubber gloves. long sleeves. pectoralis major and minor and serratus anterior muscles. sunscreen. The muscles located in the hand are the injury to the base of the nail. and neck is the a. d. muscle reducing c. d. c. c. dilution of a melanin solution. leukonychia. neutralizers. safety glasses. adductors. oxidation of melanin. face. triceps. which temporarily attract and a. voluntary muscle c. pathogenic d. replacing blown-out fuses with fresh ones c. b. c. d. onychatrophia. c. is called a. 30. smooth muscle d. forcing moisture to enter the skin through a chemical reaction. the cosmetologist cause disease when they invade plant or animal tissue? a. 26. pterygium. carotid artery. Moisturizing creams work by use electricity? a. and opponent muscles. d. Which of the following is NOT a safe way to bleached lighter is the a. melanonychia. Which group of bacteria contain parasites that 28. The large blood vessel that supplies blood to hold moisture. b.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 23. plugging only one appliance into each outlet b. b. instant conditioners. b. angular vein. What kind of muscle are the muscles in the and the client should always wear a. b. stimulating the skin to produce additional moisture. 27. trapezius and latissimus dorsi muscles. 29. involuntary muscle b. 32. caused by arms and legs? a. When using ultraviolet rays. creating a barrier that lets the skin’s natural fluids accumulate. c. nonpathogenic b. d. cardiac muscle 25.
avoid skin irritation. Buff them layer by layer. pulls the hair and makes it limp. c. works up a better lather. overactive sebaceous glands. How should facial manipulations be applied? should apply a cream around the client’s hairline in order to a. 39. You have just draped a client for haircutting. d. 34. How do you remove light-cured gel nails? a. c. provide a substitute for a shampoo. sell additional products. remove dust. d. fast and lightly in a slow. stimulates blood circulation and loosens dirt and debris. loosen natural curls and change the hair’s texture. d. b. b. The purpose of hair brushing is to stimulate a. always assume that the client knows nothing about the product. b. 36. d. b. tell the client anything he or she wants to hear. allow the hair to fall to the floor. The two most important principles behind a successful sale are to know your merchandise and to a. dirt. rhythmic. Brushing the hair prior to shampooing 38. avoid a lawsuit. and hairspray buildup. Pour adhesive over them. test for allergic reaction. provide a substitute for a scalp massage. underactive sebaceous glands. select the right one for each client. d. even tempo 35. encourage the client to make his or her own choices. b. c. d. 41. the scalp and to a. make the client look more attractive. keep the client from becoming overheated. The professional cosmetologist’s responsibility The reason that you remove the outer towel and replace it with a neck strip is to a. d. c. b. b. c. b. c. c. 40. you a. does not contain minerals. d.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 33. c. could cause damage to the hair shaft. b. Apply acetone and put them under a UV light source. d. have a complete understanding of shampoo chemistry. holds its temperature better. Before applying chemicals to the hair. overactive thyroid gland. b. d. sell additional products. adapt your sales pitch to the client’s needs. even tempo in a brightly lit room in a fast. c. Soak them in acetone. c. Dry skin is caused by shampooing because it a. feels softer on the client’s skin. regarding shampoo products is to a. 42. affects the color of the hair. 90 . Soft water is preferable to hard water for a. underactive thyroid gland. protect the client’s face and neck. 37. sell a large number of different products.
b. d. nail has developed a fungus infection. The cosmetologist should be knowledgeable of a. lotions containing alcohol. d. b. b. 51. c. You should avoid vigorous massage of joints if 44. has arthritis. polish is applied. The primary purpose of steaming the face is to sculptured nails are applied usually indicates that the a. c. 47. b. sculptured nail is correctly bonded to the natural nail. overgrown toenails use of a. d. prescribe the correct medication. know when to advise a client to seek medical treatment. The purpose of a hand massage is to your client a. is elderly. corns b. know what type of oil to use. c. middle to the point of insertion. clean the skin. The correct direction in which to massage a a. 49. has diabetes. infrared rays. know what lotions to apply. using too much nail polish remover 45. natural nail has died. Which of the following can a cosmetologist a. make nail polish adhere better. 50. c. d. c. point of origin to the point of insertion. client needs a darker shade of polish. is overweight. impress the client with your knowledge and skill. c. open the pores. facial masks or packs. 52. point of insertion to the point of origin. muscle is from the a. Nail hardeners are applied just before the 48. c. For a client with dry skin. ingrown nails d. base coat is applied. infected. b. b. d. chipping the polish b. b.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 43. smearing polish onto the cuticles d. eliminate wrinkles. getting the nail wet c. d. you should avoid the treat in a pedicure? a. galvanic current. tighten the muscles. nail dryer is applied. 46. earn money for the salon. cuticles are cut. athlete’s foot c. c. What should you avoid when removing old nail polish? a. make the client’s hands relaxed and flexible. b. A discoloration in the natural nail after skin diseases so as to a. d. 91 . middle to the point of origin. d.
alopecia areata. c. b. are very hot or cold. c. during a pedicure? a. Which one are consists of applying a. you agree with the client’s color choices. Another name for dandruff is you should be sure that your hands are clean and that a. d. Before applying facial makeup for a client. would be messy if applied directly to the skin. 55. Gauze. darker foundation all around the prominent area.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 53. you should ask the a. client to a. cutting toenails straight across b. tightness. b. c. c. d. 56. b. unequal proportions are referred to as a. Another name for male pattern baldness is a. are too acidic to come in direct contact with the skin. using sanitized toenail clippers d. b. smile. or cheesecloth. is used to hold mask 57. c. Corrective makeup for a bulging forehead 60. smoothness. alopecia. frown. emphasis. symmetrical. There are seven facial shapes. b. Which should you avoid when cutting toenails ingredients that a. laugh. 92 . harmony. d. using a sanitized foot bath 58. Before applying cheek color. d. d. b. triangle 62. c. b. the client has signed a release form. canities. the client’s hair-care procedures are completed. fullness. oblong d. 61. glossiness. 59. you trying to create an illusion of? a. In hair designing. asymmetrical. c. would be very expensive if used on their own. b. androgenic alopecia. 54. d. lighter foundation within the prominent area. d. pityriasis. psoriasis. dermatitis. lighter foundation below the prominent area. oval c. round b. darker foundation over the prominent area. all applicators are sanitized or new. canities. d. suck in her cheeks. c. A curl that rests on base after winding will produce the greatest degree of a. cutting toenails too deeply into the corners c.
then tint it one week later. streaking. six to eight weeks the natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair is called hair a. 93 . two to four weeks c. then perm it later the same day. but wait at least a day before doing the second. c. lightening. When should a patch test be performed on a client to determine whether or not there is an allergy to an aniline-derivative tint? a. darker than the natural dark hair. 70. c. developer. d. one hour before the hair coloring is done c. yellow predominates. the same as the natural shade. d. constructor. At what temperature do alkaline waves process? the hair shaft is to begin a. b. supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop color molecules and create a change in hair color is called a. heated temperature room temperature freezing temperature below zero temperature 65. Apply both chemicals at the same time. salt-and-pepper hair. b. Approximately how long do deposit-only hair- coloring products last? a.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 63. 64. no black is present. c. one-half inch from the scalp and work down to the ends. b. c. blue predominates. b. c. c. immediately after the hair coloring is done 66. a blend of the natural shade and the gray tone. b. regulator. at the ends and work to within one inch of the scalp. The chemical process involving the diffusion of 67. in the middle and stop one-half inch from the ends and one-half inch from the scalp. b. d. formulator. d. glazing. c. Tint the hair first. Which procedure should you use if a client 68. one to two weeks b. Cool-toned colors are those in which oxidative hair color. 24–28 hours before the hair coloring is done d. 69. red predominates. The correct procedure for applying lightener to wants both a perm and hair coloring? a. Perform either procedure first. when mixed with an a. d. You are covering the gray hair in your client’s a. immediately before the hair coloring is done b. lighter than the natural shade. four to six weeks d. Perm the hair first. coloring. You should select a shade that is a. 71. d. The oxidizing agent that. d. b. at the root and apply liberally down to the ends.
green. protect the cosmetologist’s hands. texture of the hair. The purpose of the petroleum cream in base- a. wants the color to last only until the next shampoo. 80. changes the texture of the hair. b. c. blue. red. 81. to make hair less curly c. brown. you 73. Semipermanent hair colors are a good choice for a client who a. For what reason would it be necessary to thin a client’s hair? a. d. A lightener and ____________ would be used would a. The primary colors are a. massage it into the entire head with your palms and fingers. and yellow. b. d. has selected a difficult-to-achieve shade. c. b. lightness or darkness of a color. 74. bleached with peroxide. b. purple. is just beginning to turn gray. decrease the heat of the reaction. c. The Level System is a way of analyzing the 77. Which should NOT be done when draping a client whose hair has been a. to improve the texture of hair 94 . Fold the towel over the top of the cape and secure it in front. Leave the cape open in the back for comfort. c. A good hairstyle will accentuate the client’s client for hair-color services? a. a. d. a semipermanent hair color c. hydrogen peroxide 76. d. tone of a hair color. d. and orange. b. absence or presence of pigment in the hair. given a conditioning treatment. b. c. blue.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 72. d. b. c. and green. You should NOT give a soft-curl perm to a in a double-process application of hair color. good features while it a. minimizes the negative ones. takes a very short time. red. tinted. costs a great deal of money. a mousse d. to make hair appear fuller d. c. a toner or tint b. d. When applying relaxer to the client’s hair. d. formula hair relaxers is to a. protect the client’s skin and scalp. brush it vigorously through each section of hair with a wire brush. Slide a towel down from the back of the client’s head and place it lengthwise across the client’s shoulders. to remove excess bulk b. 75. wishes to go only one shade lighter. increase the speed of the reaction. spread it out evenly over the top and bottom of each small strand. red. relaxed with sodium hydroxide. b. apply it to the scalp first and stretch each strand out tight. 79. and yellow. 78. Cross the ends of the towel beneath the chin and place the cape over the towel. c.
diagonal b. before the hair is completely dry d. to reduce the width across the cheekbones 91. round or square face 95 . When should finger waves NOT be hairstyle for a client with a round face? a. The curl is given its direction and mobility haircutting? a. stem c. using very small amounts of hair in each strand. making the pin curl very wide. c. Before cutting section 2 at the crown of the a. d. straight and round b. before the left side is waved rectangular part with bangs on a client? a. Which of these are two basic lines used in 87. curved d. clip 88. overcast stitch 86. d. What type of lines are used to create one- from which part of the pin curl? a.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 82. c. after using waving lotion b. to add the illusion of height to the face b. papilla b. follicle c. horizontally. prominent chin d. You can create a longer-lasting curl by length and low-elevation haircuts because they build weight? a. horizontal c. 89. diagonal and curved 83. cuticle d. For which reason would you use a curved combed out? a. vertical 84. rotating the pin curl counterclockwise. lock stitch b. bulb 90. 85. you would divide it a. receding hairline b. circle d. double-lock stitch c. into pie-shaped wedges. into four quarters. Which structure of the hair contains the blood head. Which of the following is NOT a type of stitch and nerves needed for hair growth? a. b. stretching the hair strand and applying tension. to create the illusion of width to the forehead d. bonding stitch d. straight and diagonal d. base b. b. very strong natural part c. What should be your goal when designing a used to sew the extension to the track? a. to create the illusion of length to the hair c. into three vertical strips. after the hairnet is put on c. straight and curve c.
to make the hair dry faster c. Which of the following is true about coloring or gels when blow-drying? a. Before you place the pressing comb on the hair. your fingers. off-base curl 94. client’s next haircut. your own hair. 95. the client’s face. d. at the dry cleaner d. c. your hand. d.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 92. Wigs and hairpieces can be bleached just like real hair. chemically treated hair b. tinted hair c. a concealed lock of the client’s hair. looks. a rubber comb. how should you clean a handmade wig? a. volume-base curl b. The surest way to distinguish human hair from would represent which type of thermal curl? a. Semipermanent tints can be applied successfully to human-hair wigs and hairpieces. burns. you synthetic hair is to test how it a. on the block b. b. as seldom as possible 100. d. 98. to make the hair manageable 96. 96 . A strong curl with full but not maximum volume you should test its temperature on a. b. fine hair 93. c. half-base curl d. c. d. smells. a wig? a. hair is combed or brushed. c. c. To test the temperature of curling irons. to avoid damage and split ends d. What type of hair can tolerate the most heat 97. client’s next shampoo. A thermal hair-straightening treatment lasts until the a. when thermal waving? a. A color rinse can either lighten or darken the hair. 99. b. Permanent tint can be used successfully on human-hair wigs and hairpieces. cloth or paper. Why would a cosmetologist use styling lotions damageability. hair grows out. feels. on the client’s head c. Because of its delicate structure and should use a. b. tissue paper. d. gray hair d. to hold the hair firmly in place b. b. full-base curl c.
Federal law requires a manufacturer to provide an MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) on all products used in a school or salon. General scalp treatments maintain healthy scalp and hair. (HIV is not caused by bacteria. In a salon. through dust. Onychomycosis refers to a fungal infection of the nail. They multiply best in places that are warm. 24. dark. and dirty. 22. a. 14. The Material Safety Data Sheet tells you all the pertinent information including how to safely use and store the disinfectant. 9. Systemic illness and injury to the nail bed are the most common causes. a. 10. and head. b. d. cosmetologists. flash points. The pH scale helps determine products used on the hair. Leukonychia is a whitish discoloration of the nails caused by injury to the base of the nail. b. and face are voluntary. 8. b. skin’s surface. In an active stage. disease can be spread by use of unsanitary tools and supplies. 97 . 25. d. c. 7+ above are alkaline. c. The carotid artery and its many branches supply blood to the neck. or by touching infected material.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– answers 1. Although you could wear stylish shoes to work. 6. d. or striated. swollen lesion. including the brain. Canities is the technical term for gray hair and is the loss of melanin pigment during the aging process. such as washing floors and countertops. The hair root is the part located below the 13. c. 16. 20. 3. The skin is thinnest and most delicate over the eyelids. b. 4. Handling electrical equipment with wet hands is an unsafe practice. c. ties you undertake to maintain your health and cleanliness. who spend most of the day on their feet. a. The pH scale is the potential hydrogen in a product and measures if it is an acid or an alkaline. 27. 21. 29. 2. such as how to mix. In cross section. A mosquito bite is a weal—an itchy. a. Personal hygiene includes all the daily activi- 12. legs. damp. and nails. a. The matrix is the part of the nail structure that contains actively growing tissue. 28. Clients with skin diseases should be referred to a doctor. This choice lists the major muscle groups of the hand. 23. 5. 7. Parasites cause disease when they invade plant or animal tissue. For example. such as staphylococci and streptococci. always wear safety glasses or goggles for ultraviolet therapy. should select shoes for comfort. 11. bacteria grow and reproduce. d. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) was created by the U.S. They belong to the pathogenic category. 26. 18. Department of Labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards in a workplace. because water is a conductor. 19. c. The client has symptoms of ringworm. 17. Commercial cleaners may be used for ordinary cleaning. b. It is important for you to understand bacteriology so that you can help prevent the spread of diseases. b. To avoid damage to the eyes. a. are unable to move on their own and are usually spread through the air. It gives vital information. d. b. face. 7+ below are acids. muscle.) Cocci. skin. a. b. b. The muscles in the arms. but should not be used on tools. 15. etc. wavy hair is oval. d. disposal. what to do if a spill occurs. b. d.
Use only applicators that have been sanitized or that are new and disposable. Instant conditioners commonly contain 45. causes the hair to bleach lighter. a. and supple. b. because you are likely to cause the client pain. It is hair loss in the fringe area usually in the shape of a horse- 98 . d. 47. Dry skin is due to underactive sebaceous glands because of the insufficient flow of sebum (oil). Regular hair brushing stimulates blood circulation and blood flow. Soft water is preferable for shampooing because it works up a better lather. To minimize the bulging forehead. 53. 54. 49. c. steaming also improves blood circulation. hair spray. The oxidation of melanin. Avoid smearing polish onto the cuticles or surrounding tissues. which is an excessive production of skin cells that accumulates in clumps. You can only trim and file toenails. 59. 35. rhythmic. 52. Some clients may not need a full pedicure service. a. even tempo. 55. do not service them. 32. If you kept the outer towel on. a. b. Massage a muscle from the point of insertion to the point of origin. d. 48. 58. b. 33. d. Refer the client to a podiatrist. 44. b. cover it with a darker shade of foundation than that used on the rest of the face. This induces relaxation. 36. Moisturizers create a barrier that holds the skin’s natural oil and water in. but they must recognize when a client should seek treatment from a doctor. The hand massage will make the client’s 46. The purpose of applying a protective cream around the hairline is to avoid skin irritation. flexible. It gives the hair added shine and luster. Cutting toenails too deeply into the corners of the toes can cause ingrown nails and infection or soreness to the skin. Avoid vigorous massage of joints if your client has arthritis. Cosmetologists do not treat skin diseases. 31. 57. such as crushed fruits. Your responsibility is to select the right shampoo for each client. ingrown toenails are present. The primary purpose of facial steaming is to open the pores for deep cleansing. 56. 37. b. a. b. b. b. 34. it would catch the cut hair and prevent it from falling to the floor. Gauze is used to hold ingredients. 42. and helps to loosen and remove dirt. 39. 43. or infected. 38. 40. corns. a. Light cured gel nails can be removed only by buffing them layer by layer and will not soak off in acetone. debris. a. d. this will make her cheeks prominent and show where the color should be placed. hands relaxed.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 30. caused by the action of hydrogen peroxide. c. Facial manipulators should be applied in a slow. Androgenic alopecia is the term applied to male pattern baldness. humectants such as sorbitol and ethylene glycol. b. The most successful salesperson always adapts her sales pitch to the individual client’s needs and personality. Pityriasis is the technical term for dandruff. If athlete’s foot. Discoloration indicates that the natural nail has developed a fungus infection. b. d. Brushing removes dirt and debris from the hair. that would be messy if applied directly. b. Lotions containing alcohol can cause additional dryness. c. 41. d. Nail hardener is applied just before the base coat. 50. a. 51. Ask the client to smile. d. and liquid styling tools that have built up on the scalp and shaft prior to shampooing service. b. a.
b. The stem of the curl gives it its mobility. Asymmetrical balance is unequal proportioning designed to balance facial features. All other colors can be achieved by mixing these three colors. Straight lines are used to cut over flat surfaces on the head. 70. Stretching and applying tension results in longer-lasting curls. b. The correct procedure is one-half inch from the scalp and work down to the ends. c. which contains the blood vessels and nerve supply responsible for the growth of the hair. attempt to create an illusion of greater height to the face. cosmetologists try to create that effect. 61. Do not comb out the waves until the hair is completely dry. b. Because color on color makes a darker color. A double-process application involves the use 76. 62. and then tint it no sooner than one week later. 66. Deposit-only hair coloring products last approximately four to six weeks. a. independent of tone. 90. 65. 67. because they can even out the hair tones without changing the underlying color. Alkaline waves process at room temperature. 63. A patch test must be done 24–28 hours before the hair coloring is scheduled. The dermal papilla is cone-shaped and located at the base of the follicle. shoe. c. c. making it appear lighter. of a lightener plus a toner or a tint. when mixed with an oxidative haircolor. a. previously treated hair as well. The Level System is a way of analyzing the darkness or lightness of a color. Hair lightening is a chemical process involving the diffusion of the natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair. b. 74. a. 82. to a client whose hair has been treated with sodium hydroxide. 64. A good hairstyle will accentuate positive features and minimize negative ones. 77. select a shade that is lighter than the natural hair color. A developer is an oxidizing agent that. 69. 73. 99 . b. therefore. a. 89. Curls that are held on base start close to the head and thus produce the greatest degree of height and fullness. b. Semipermanent colors are a good choice for a client who is just beginning to go gray. a. b. 87. action. 83. c. Thinning hair removes excess bulk. 84. b. 72. 85. supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop color molecules and create a change in hair color. a. c. 91. in the case of a retouch. c. a. and curved lines are used to cut over rounded surfaces of the head shape. Do not give a soft-curl perm. Cool-toned colors are those in which blue predominates. Section 2 is divided into pie-shaped wedges. a. d. The cape must be fastened securely in the back to ensure that it doesn’t slip or move during the service. 68. c. d. The petroleum cream base protects the client’s skin and scalp and. Perm the hair first. 78. c. 81. a. Oval is considered the perfect facial shape. For a client with a round face. b. A curved rectangular part that sets off bangs is used for a receding hairline or very high forehead. Horizontal lines are used to create one-length and low-elevation haircuts because they build weight with no graduation. 86. a. 80. It can be horizontal or diagonal. 79. d. 75. and direction. 71. 88. c.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 60. Spread the relaxer over the top and bottom of each strand with the back of a comb or with your hands. Bonding involves attaching hair wefts or single strands with an adhesive or a glue gun. which uses thio. d. beginning as early as teenage years and usually prominent by age 40.
The other statements are incorrect. Hair that is gray or very coarse can tolerate 93. d. d. Thermal hair pressing (hair straightening) lasts only until the next shampoo. Make sure that the pressing comb is not too the most heat. 100 . a. 95. c. 96. A full-base curl is used to create a strong curl with full volume. a. Use tissue paper to test the temperature of the curling irons. Synthetic hair burns quickly and gives off little or no odor. in contrast to human hair. 99.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 2– 92. b. Keep a handmade wig on a block at all times while you clean it. hot by holding it against a piece of white cloth or paper and checking for burning. 98. 94. Styling lotions and gels make the hair more manageable for blow-drying. a. a. 97. which burns slowly and gives off a very distinct odor. 100. d.
ou are now beginning to be very familiar with the format of cosmetology exams. Following the exam is the answer key. For this third exam. setting a timer or a stopwatch for two hours. with all of the answers explained. however. Y 101 . simulate the official test. As before. When you’ve finished the exam and scored it. but you should practice working quickly. the answer sheet is on the next page. Find a quiet place where you will not be disturbed. turn back to Lesson 1 to see which questions correspond with which areas of your cosmetology coursework—then you will know which parts of your textbook to focus on before you take the fourth and final practice exam in this book. Complete the test in one sitting. without rushing. Your practice test-taking experience will help you most. You should have plenty of time to answer all of the questions when you take the real exam.6 l e s s o n Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3 lesson sU MMA RY This is the third of four practice exams in this book that are based on the core content of your cosmetology coursework. Have two sharpened pencils with good erasers on hand. if you have created a study situation as close as possible to the real testing experience. These explanations will help you see where you need to concentrate further study. Use this test to identify which types of questions are still giving you problems.
82. 8. 51. 50. 5. 60. 54. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 103 . 10. 43. 37. 38. 81. 97. 61. 67. 30. 56. 55. 85. 31. 91. 73. 96. 26. 63. 89. 15. 80. 21. 4. 22. 9. 2. 95. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 36. 59. 28. 13. 14. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d 71. 34. 20. 29. 99. 17. 41. 86. 57. 88. 7. 66. 46. 12. 77. 33. 19.–C osmetology ansWer sheet– Practice Exam 3 1. 92. 68. 25. 58. 39. 87. 49. 69. 48. 94. 75. 42. 64. 24. 45. 27. 98. 83. 11. 74. 84. 62. 65. 79. 40. 18. 52. 23. 76. 44. 53. 93. 47. 78. 72. 35. 6. 3. 32. 90. 70. 16. 100.
diplococci c. 2. bacteria c. c. d. d. Sterilize all equipment and furniture between clients. avoiding needless talking while at work. fast professional image made up of posture. How can you prevent the spread of infection in specific work environment is called a. c. b. musculoskeletal disorders.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– Practice exam 3 1. d. a. Which of the following lives only by cosmetologist includes a. d. ignoring the client’s wishes while seeming to listen politely. Which of the following bacteria cause acting. b. Take a multivitamin. cosmetological disorders. telling the client what’s best for him or her. d. walk. 70% alcohol b. ergonomics. health issues. c. c. and back injuries. c. many workers. virus b. b. 8. c. tendonitis. _______________________ is referred as a penetrating cells and becoming part of them? a. 5% bleach 10. Which disinfectant is nontoxic. tuberculosis the common cold strep throat pediculosis 7. 3. These disorders are known as a. report problems with carpal tunnel. including 6. stress. phenal c. abscesses. boils. posture disorders. The study of human characteristics related to a a. Each year. organisms d. What is the average growth of hair per month? a. and used to disinfect implements? a. Professional attitude 5. staphylococci 1 8 1 4 1 2 3 4 inch inch inch inch 105 . and pustules? a. odorless. Ergonomics c. Physical presentation b. amoebas 9. treponema d. Which disease is caused by a virus? cosmetologists. and movements. quat d. Practice good personal hygiene and sanitation. Posture control d. b. personal hygiene. Part of effective communication skills for a the salon? a. understanding what the client wants. 4. b. d. streptococci b. Drink large amounts of water and eat a healthy diet. physical presentation. b.
sebaceous gland. c. b. Hair growth slows rapidly at what age? the artificial nail tip before it is glued to the natural nail is called the a. 30 40 50 60 16. pigmentation 15. lunula. d. The tubelike opening in the skin or scalp that at the base of the nail is referred to as the a. b. whorl. follicle. 21. viscosity d. c. arrector pili muscle 12. The cracks in a client’s skin caused by dry and a. The extension of the cuticle over the half moon the scalp? a. d. matrix. b. Put them in your pocket. hair root. fissures. The point where the natural nail plate meets 14. 20. mantle. porosity b. Which of the following refers to the hair shaft’s ability to absorb moisture? a. __________ causes white spots in the nail. 106 . c. c. d.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 11. Poor nutrition Poor circulation Minor injury Fungus infection 19. c. scars. Place them in disinfectant. b. b. 13. papilla. Give them to the client. elasticity c. c. b. a. c. b. Put them in your manicure drawer. cowlick. perionychium. d. 18. What do you do with them? a. d. hair stream. d. c. d. hair shaft c. The part of the hair that extends above the skin surface is called the a. trichology d. When you are doing a manicure on a client. d. hair shaft. ulcers. epidermis. lunula. dermis. your orangewood stick and emery board cannot be sanitized. b. The direction of hair growth is referred to as a a. excoriations. position go. position stop. What part of the hair is located below 17. chapped hands are called a. c. hair root b. natural part. d. eponychium. b. surrounds the hair root is referred to as the a. follicle.
every two to three weeks c. c. The main blood supply to the arm and hand flows through the a. fifth cranial nerve. c. The skin and scalp are both examples of with a very fine. c. Your hair dryer has tripped a circuit breaker. infraorbital and frontal arteries. a. moisturizing conditioner c. d. preservative and harmonious. c. hair follicle. melodic and corrective. instant conditioner b. Fillers are used before chemical services to increase the hair’s porosity. b. Fillers attach to the carbohydrate component of the hair. cell. use a coin to complete the circuit. d. a. c. melodic and preservative. corrective and preservative. attempt to rewire the appliance. epithelial tissue. Which of the following does NOT stimulate muscle tissue? a. muscular tissue. b. Which statement about color fillers is correct? a. electric current 25. c. How often should nail-enhancement services 28. d. d. connective tissue. b.5 5.0 24. carotid artery. radial and ulnar arteries. a. massage d. b. b. vena cava and aorta. The chief sensory nerve of the face is the 30. nerve tissue. capillary. In electrolysis the electric current is applied be balanced or filled in? a. 32. The safest thing to do is to a. b.0 6. protein conditioner d. Fillers occupy the spaces left in the hair shaft after the diffusion of melanin. c. d. 27. b. seventh cranial nerve. application of cold c. hot oil conditioner 31. b. Fillers are made exclusively of human-hair derivatives. every six weeks 23. d. application of heat b.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 22. 107 . fourth cranial nerve. needle-shaped electrode that is inserted into each a. sixth cranial nerve. The two categories of facial treatments are You reset the circuit breaker. call an electrician to locate the problem. 3. hair strand. d.5 8. every five days d. connect the appliance to another circuit. but the dryer immediately breaks the circuit once again. 29. d. c. Which type of conditioner enters the cortex of the hair and replaces the keratin lost during chemical services? a. 26. The pH of normal hair is approximately a. every one to two weeks b.
42. to prevent the client from becoming chilly c. correct the pH of the scalp. b. hyperpigmentation. The correct procedure for adjusting water _____________. suits the client’s hair type. your fingers b. two towels. layers. This affects the client’s impression of your salon.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 33. owner b. d. When you use the scissors-over-comb technique to cut hair. What is needed when draping a client for a a. to make the client look more attractive newly grown hair is called a. How many bones are located in the cranium? 38. cosmetologist c. neck strip. c. 40. the scissors d. a. 108 . the barber comb 37. c. b. short layers. Habitual use of cream rinses can a. c. turn on the cold water first and then adjust the hot water. 41. and a. d. d. serve in place of chemical treatments. c. and cape 39. When selecting a shampoo for a client. smells great. b. graduated. turn on both hot and cold water simultaneously. The visible line that separates colored hair from client’s gown when draping for chemical services? a. line of demarcation. the back of your head c. long layers. make hair heavy and oily. use a thermometer to obtain the client’s preferred temperature. line of decolorization. 6 8 10 15 dry-hair service? a. uses only natural ingredients. to allow the client’s clipped hair to fall to the floor d. Why is it necessary to place a towel over the temperature before shampooing is to a. d. neck strip only b. turn on the hot water first and gradually add cold water. d. b. 90° layers. hypopigmentation. A client should be greeted by the should choose one that a. what is your guide? a. will eliminate dandruff. d. neck strip and cape c. 35. b. c. c. to protect the client’s skin and clothing b. receptionist 36. manicurist d. The four basic haircuts in hairstyling are blunt. b. weight line. make the hair healthy and lustrous. towel only d. you 34.
d. 46. d. d. d. stimulate bodily activity in the region. 47. make the client feel sleepy. You have used only half of a mask product that the corners of your client’s toenails? a. faster nail growth b. d. The massage movement described as a light. ingrown toenails c. vitamin deficiencies. bunions comes packaged for one-time use. discard the remaining product. 49. b. thinning. 109 . How can you prevent a fungal infection from without removing length is called a. Which part of a curl gives direction and growing underneath a sculptured nail? a. d. discuss what shape the client desires. You should a. Tell the client to avoid hand washing for 48 hours after nail sculpturing. corns d. circle d. use the other half for the next client.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 43. you should a. patchy skin on the hands. An oil manicure is beneficial for clients with structures because its general effect is to a. b. clean and bleach the free edges of the nails. a. nail diseases. b. When should you clean your manicuring table? 48. c. d. take the remainder home for your own use. Wear rubber gloves while giving all manicures. effleurage. spinning. b. dry cuticles. 45. increase sensitivity to pain and fatigue. Massage benefits the skin and the underlying 44. d. Before shaping a client’s nails. b. b. c. ends 52. Avoid touching the nail after the acrylic primer is applied. petrissage. dry. speed up the digestive process. c. sell the remaining product. stem c. friction. The process of removing bulk from hair brittle nails and a. b. c. texturing. soften the client’s cuticles. c. sliding. 50. 51. c. Which of the following is a result of filing into movement? a. Sterilize the nail bed with alcohol or peroxide. c. when a new client arrives and sits down after every three clients right after each manicure at the end of your shift continuous stroking movement is a. c. percussion. b. tell the client the shape and colors you prefer. base b.
c. d. d. In roller placement. remove residues that might prevent the waving lotion from penetrating. 62. In which method are hair extensions secured at a. 58. four to six weeks. thoroughly wet the hair. b. ratting. resistant b. six to eight weeks. on virgin hair on blown-dry hair on permanent-waved hair on relaxed hair refer to a. b. Semipermanent individual eyelashes (also process. coarse 63. half-stem curl c. off-base 55. three-quarters off d. Which one of the following types of pin curls 59. Extensions should be attached at what distance permanent waving is to a. d. A method of waving and curling straight hair gives the most mobility? a. track-and-knot method c. create a very tight curl. two to four weeks. reduce the amount of heat needed. soften the outer keratin coating. normal c. full-stem curl 54. c. Which hair-texture type is fragile. on-base curl d. front combing. 1 inch 56. permanent waving. half off c. When would you not perform thermal ironing? called eye tabbing) last approximately a.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 53. c. no-stem curl b. c. and nape? a. back combing. limp d. one week. slicing. The purpose of preperm shampooing is to from the front hairline. reharden the hair and fix it into a curl. wrapping. remove all chemicals that might neutralize the waving lotion. c. thermal waving. ridge waving. 60. and easier to damage? a. b. easy to the base of the client’s own hair by sewing? a. conventional waving. b. track-and-sew method d. 2 inches d. d. b. sew-and-cut method b. The purpose of the neutralizers used in amount of volume? a. matting. break down the hair’s structure. on-base b. d. cut-and-track method 57. 4 inches b. 3 inches c. d. 110 . and French lacing a. b. Teasing. c. sides. 61. which base gives the least with a special iron is called a.
gloves. combination of tints that make up the color product. adjust the hair’s pH. 5–20 minutes at room temperature. all three primary colors in equal proportion. client’s natural hair color and tone. compound dye c. henna d. tone. goggles. depth. c. c. c. metallic hair dye b. how the final result will look. d. you should use a product that contains a. black. highlighting. 2–5 minutes at room temperature. stop the lightening process. When working with aniline-derived products. two primary colors in equal proportion. c. b. red. Which of the following is an example of a you should protect yourself from allergic reactions by wearing a. 71. b. 73. the correct a. intensity. c. 2–5 minutes with heat. d. 65. a primary and a tertiary color in equal proportion. b. d. whether any pretreatment is needed. c. a. 67. a face mask. Wind the rods up only partway. Use very large rods.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 64. how the chosen tint looks in artificial light. c. a disposable gown. peroxide 68. client’s desired hair color and tone. Do only the section of the head desired by the client. color. Leave the lotion on for half the normal time. The purpose of a strand test is to determine procedure is to process for a. blue. Secondary colors are created by mixing hair with a lightener and toner is to close the cuticle and to a. c. orange. a primary and a secondary color. d. How would you give a client a partial perm? 69. b. 5–20 minutes with heat. d. d. whether the client is allergic to the tint. semipermanent hair color that is added last. b. achieve the desired color. d. Your client complains about her brassy hair pigment. 111 . 66. The relative strength of warm or cool tones in natural coloring agent? a. b. b. d. When a colorist refers to a contributing a. he or she means the a. add blonde highlights. The purpose of a finishing rinse after coloring the hair is referred to as a. When applying a presoftener. b. 72. To neutralize her unwanted highlights. d. c. 70. b.
76. warm d. neutralize. chemically permanent waving. and cutting it toward a guideline to create a length increase in the design is called a. condition. d. 83. removing weight. tint. thermal hair straightening. b. a reference point. 77. c. repeat. over direction. between cool and tepid c. b. What water temperature should be used when rinsing the relaxer out of a client’s hair? a. d. toner. apply. b. slithering. stabilizer. Temporarily straightening extremely curly and 90°. Henna can make fine hair appear thicker and more lustrous. 81. lather. wait. Combing the hair away from its natural falling 78. c. thinning hair. b.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 74. process. c. Which statement about the effect of henna on 79. c. 80. When you are performing a blunt cut. presoften. b. When you cut the hair at an elevation of below prelightening is a a. cold b. neutralize. a guiding point. traveling and returning c. What are two types of guidelines used in unruly hair refers to a. stationary and traveling b. A point on the head that marks where the a. chemically relaxing. 75. a scissor point. you are the hair is correct? a. a cutting point. rather than straight out from the head. traveling and inactive 82. c. c. very hot position. over cutting. Henna does not penetrate the hair’s cortex layer. Henna can be used to obtain bright red shades only. d. 112 . layering. cutting a strand of hair straight across. d. remove. Henna makes conditioners penetrate the hair more easily. surface of the head changes or the behavior of the hair changes is called a. d. The three steps in chemical hair relaxing are cutting? a. condition. c. rinse. c. removing bulk. A pastel color that is applied only after a. under cutting. d. d. b. building weight. b. stationary and returning d. b. you are a. solvent. d. cutting all hair on the head to the same length. thermal hair curling. under direction.
c. clippers 88. d. melanin. short haircuts. b. c. which of the following tools is best used? a. full-base curl c. c. 91. 90. b. plastic and have fine teeth. 93. c. asymmetrical. b. perimeter. eliminate split ends. edgers c. medium. or thick is identifying the hair’s a. fades. b. keratin. c. hard rubber and have fine teeth. d. b. off-base curl 113 . full and high. make the hair less curly. keratonin. melatonin. weave. and flat-top styles. d. d. What is hair texture? is to a. straight razor d. c. half-base curl d. To create short tapers. add volume and bounce. d. d. wide on top. b. The purpose of all-over layering of long hair strands on one square inch of scalp and describing it as thin. volume-base curl b. elasticity. the amount of movement in the hair the general quality and feel of the hair the amount of water the hair can absorb the length that the hair can stretch should be a. bone and have fine teeth. wig. 85. fall. the amount of movement in the hair the general quality and feel of the hair the amount of water the hair can absorb the length that the hair can stretch interwoven hair that completely covers a client’s natural hair is a a. The pigment that is contained in the hair’s made of a. Determining the number of individual hair 89. A hairstyle for a client with a pear-shaped face a. plastic and have coarse teeth. volume. The comb used with a thermal iron should be 87.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 84. volume? a. c. Which type of curl has only slight lift or cortex and determines natural hair color is a. long and narrow. braid. d. c. b. d. What is wave pattern? a. An artificial covering made up of a network of 86. density. thinning shears b. thin the hair and make it look neater. 92. b.
Another name for a straight set wrap in a. water 114 . curvature perm wrap. double flat paper wrap. 100. ammonia b. analine d. b. downward at all times. Apply setting gel or lotion. a developer is mixed with the pressure for thermal straightening? a. basic perm wrap. b. bricklay perm wrap. ___________________ is the technique of taking natural textured hair that is intertwined and mashed together to form a single network of hair without the use of chemicals. end paper. upward from the back of the neck. medium hair d. this is called a(n) a. hot air is directed ends of the hair during permanent waving. Apply clear lacquer. Comb it out loosely. d. 96. c. When a folded piece of paper is placed on the completing each curl during a thermal setting? a. b. a. d. d. Inverted braiding color to begin oxidizing or processing. hydrogen peroxide c. from the scalp toward the hair ends. coarse hair 97. fine hair c. c. spiral perm wrap. Locking c. Braiding b. c. During blow-drying. In hair color. wiry hair b. 99.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 94. What is the most common developer used? a. c. straight toward the scalp. 95. single flat paper wrap. Clip it to its base. b. Rope braiding d. d. bookend paper wrap. Which type of hair requires the least heat and permanent waving is a a. What should a cosmetologist do after 98.
They are caused by the way you stand and improper movements and body posture. An important part of effective communication skills for a cosmetologist is understanding the client’s wishes. a. c. odorless. debris. and massage. d. Staphylococci cause skin infections such as abscesses and boils. The natural direction of hair growth is referred to as the hair stream. In electrolysis. 20.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– answers 1. women’s hair grows faster than men’s. the client can get lifting of the acrylic product. c. Colds are caused by extremely tiny viruses. a. b. a. Change in color could indicate bacterial growth. c. c. White spots are usually caused by previous minor injury to the nail bed. which will cause moisture. is the body’s protective covering. and location on the body. 17. A fissure is a crack that penetrates into the dermis. If they are not refilled or rebalanced. The hair shaft extends above the skin surface. absorb moisture. c. 4. a. 12. electric current. 26. and back injuries are also called musculoskeletal disorders. 2. immediately call an electrician to locate the problem. 21. 24. but not by cold. while bacteria are organisms that can live on their own. and sebaceous glands. the current is applied with a very fine. age. Also. dirt. Its structures are the follicle bulb. tendonitis. 19. At age 50. The eponychium is the part of the cuticle that extends over the base of the nail. 3. 25. 1 On average. Ergonomics is the study of human characteristics related to specific work environments. or break them in half and throw them away. Porosity refers to the ability of the hair to 15. 18. d. Personal hygiene and basic sanitation techniques can prevent the spread of infection in the salon. or do you slouch? Good physical presentation enhances your professional image. 10. The position stop is the point where the natural nail tip meets the artificial tip before it is glued on. Physical presentation consists of posture and walk. d. 8. and mucous membranes. light. Growth varies depending on gender. arrector pili muscle. Muscles are stimulated by heat. is a nontoxic. A virus lives only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them. Every two to three weeks nail enhancement services should be balanced or filled in for new growth at the base of the natural nail. The follicle is the depression in the skin or scalp out of which the hair shaft grows. 9. b. which includes the skin. 13. d. 115 . fast-acting disinfectant. c. or MSDs. 22. needle-shaped electrode that is inserted into each hair follicle. b. b. b. 5. 14. 16. 6. Quat. 27. b. The radial and ulnar arteries supply blood to the arm and hand. hair growth slows down rapidly. papula. Do you hold up your shoulders and back and convey confidence. 28. b. Epithelial tissue. a. 7. You should give the implements to the client to take home and use. b. c. hair grows 2 inch per month. d. a. 23. Workplace disorders such as carpal tunnel. The fifth cranial nerve is the major sensory nerve of the face. and food to become trapped and bacteria to possibly set in. or quaternary ammonium compounds. 11. scalp. a. The hair root is located below the scalp. b. If a circuit breaker trips the circuit again.
muscle tone. and secretions from skin glands. c. It produces wispy and/or spiky effects. such as a comb-out. a. Fillers. hair type. correct its porosity. to 5. c. You fold and secure a towel over the gown to protect the client’s skin and clothing. A graduated cut. 51. 34. a frontal bone. 49. Texturing is the technique of removing bulk without removing length. a. 50. and a corrective treatment is meant to correct facial skin conditions. Facial treatments fall under two categories: preservative and corrective. To avoid the risk of contamination. For dry hair services. Always discuss with the client what nail shape he or she wants. Protein conditioners are designed to enter the hair shaft and repair damage. and a sphenoid bone. two pariental bones. usually at a 90° angle. The pH of normal hair is approximately 4. It is located between the base and the circle of a curl. a. d. 52. 30. In a layered cut. normal human hair is slightly acidic. b. 32. d. Notching. a. Habitual use of cream rinses can make the hair heavy and oily. The barber comb is the guide used to cut. an ethnoid bone. including circulation. The receptionist should be courteous and friendly and should call clients by name. A preservative treatment is meant to maintain the health of the facial skin. c. slicing. b. The safest procedure is to turn on the cold water first and then adjust the hot water.5. and carving are examples of texturizing with shears. b. 46. Massage stimulates all local activity. In a long layer cut. the lengths are achieved with elevation or over direction of the hair. 41. 48. 35. continuous stroking movement. 37. you should always discard disposable supplies after each facial. 31. d. 45. c. 53. b. also called a wedge or stacked cut. 36. point cutting. 38. and makes hair move. Eight bones are located in the cranium. This is also called shingling. c. two temporal bones. 47. The blunt cut is a one-length cut done at a 0° angle. a. Hold the barber comb by the large end and keep scissors and comb together as you cut and move up the head. The line of demarcation is the visible line that separates colored hair from newly grown hair. there are variations on the four basic types of haircuts. d. Select the shampoo based on your client’s 40. 33. They are an occipital bone. 116 . b. So that the manicure table is always ready for a new client. Because the primer contains antiseptics to prevent the growth of fungus. c. leading to increased shampooing and further hair damage. shorter layers at the top of the head and longer layers toward the nape give more volume to the hair. b. The stem is the section of a curl that gives it direction and movement. 43. An oil manicure is beneficial for clients who have brittle or ridged nails or dry cuticles. thus. c. Effleurage is a light. adds volume. File the toenails straight across to avoid ingrown nails. take up the spaces left in the hair after the diffusion of melanin and. which are made of inexpensive protein products. c. In haircutting.5 39. c. in other words. b. avoid touching the nail after you apply the primer. 42. 44. Full-stem curl is placed completely off base and has the greatest mobility. clean it immediately after you complete a manicure. is done at a 45° angle. done at a 180° angle. use a neck strip and cape only. which are beneficial for experimenting with designing in haircutting.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 29.
which are attached to individual natural lashes. rather than straight out from the head. 62. matting. b. 60. 73. c. a. Henna is a natural. Wear gloves at all times when working with aniline-derived products. Secondary colors are created by mixing two primary colors in equal proportion. which serves as the track. b. c. Over direction occurs when you comb the hair away from its natural falling position. c. medium press. 80. These are ways to increase volume and height in hair designing. and condition. 72. c. 117 . a. b. 65. Thermal waving. ume. 83. the complementary color to orange. 71. d. 78. the hair shape would revert after one or two shampoos. 55. also called marcel waving or thermal curling. 68. Cold or cool water will not stop the relaxing process. and traveling. hair extensions are secured at the base of the client’s own hair by sewing and the hair is attached to an onthe-scalp braid. c. The two types of guidelines are stationary. it can make fine hair appear thicker and more lustrous. c. c. neutralize. 57. d. d. The purpose of a strand test is to determine how the final result will look. Off-base roller placement gives the least vol- 69. Thermal hair straightening or hair pressing temporarily straightens extremely curly or unruly hair with the aid of a heated iron or comb. b. which do not move about the head. In the track-and-sew method. 63. b. Fragile. d. 82. 81. 77. The correct procedure is 5–20 minutes at 70. Teasing. 66. sides. which indicates to the cutter a place where his technique may need to be altered. d. which are used to ensure that each section in a particular part of the head is cut evenly. and very hot water will irritate the client’s scalp. The finishing rinse is needed to adjust the hair’s acidity because toners are highly alkaline. ratting. No hair extensions should ever be any closer than one inch from the front hairline. You would not perform thermal ironing on chemically relaxed hair because it causes breakage. and nape area. The contributing pigment is the client’s underlying hair color. b. d. 64. 76. and hard press. Blue.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 54. Blunt cutting means cutting each strand of hair straight across. d. A partial perm perms only the section of the head desired by the client. Hold the hair at 45° to roll down and place the roller completely off base. c. and French lacing refer to back combing. c. Because henna coats the surface of the hair. 75. plant-based product. will neutralize unwanted orange tones. 58. The reference point marks a surface on the head where the behavior of the hair changes. Pre-perm shampooing must remove all residues and coatings that might prevent the waving lotion from penetrating the hair strands. a. The three types are soft press. 67. 79. 61. easier-to-damage hair indicates the client has fine. easy-to-process. b. is a method of curling hair. The relative strength of the warm or cool tones is intensity. a. 74. These lashes. A toner is a pastel hair color that is applied after prelightening. without slithering. The three basic steps are process. 59. 56. Without a neutralizer. You will build weight when you elevate the hair below 90° in a haircut. b. limp hair texture. fall out along with the natural lashes and last approximately six to eight weeks. d. a. room temperature.
extremely curly hair. 99. b. 89. Hair density is the number of individual hair strands on one square inch of scalp and is usually described as thin. which determines natural hair color. 87. fades. 98. 100. d. 91. 88. In a basic perm wrap. a. and fine. Avoid bunching the hair or getting hair into the fold. The comb should be made of a nonflammable material. Clip each curl to its base until the whole head is completed. short haircuts. and pheomelanin is the melanin found in red hair. a. b. b. such as hard rubber. d. 90.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 3– 84. 94. 92. c. Locks or dreadlocks is the technique of intertwined hair to form a single or separate network of hair. 85. Hair texture is the general quality and feel of the hair and is usually classified as coarse. c. curly hair. 86. a. which can take six months to a year depending on length. 93. or anything in between. b. These grow in several slow stages. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is used as an oxidizing agent or developer. the hot air is directed from the scalp toward the hair ends. There are two types of melanin in the cortex: Eumelanin is the melanin that gives black and brown color to hair. Fine hair requires the least heat and pressure 97. b. to be thermally straightened. A high. density. bookend paper wrap is used on short hair and placed with the hair sandwiched between. 95. When you are rolling hair for a permanent wave. a. you have nine sections and each section is rolled down. A wig can be defined as an artificial covering for the head consisting of a network of interwoven hair that completely covers the client’s natural hair and is mainly used for covering up hair loss from aging or disease or to temporarily change the client’s look. and flat-tops easy and efficient. The cortex contains the natural pigment called melanin. toward a guideline. b. The wave pattern is the amount of movement in the hair strand and is usually classified as stick-straight hair. Electric clippers make creating short tapers. d. it is used in graduated and layered haircuts to create a length increase in the design. not directly toward the scalp. All-over layering adds volume and swing to long hair. medium. wavy hair. medium. full style will camouflage the facial shape. During blow-drying. or thick. All bases for rods are horizontal and are half off base. b. and coil patterns of the hair. 96. d. 118 . An off-base curl provides only slight lift or volume. fine teeth hold the hair more firmly.
you probably will feel very comfortable with the exam. In fact. 119 . try to consider how these answers were explained. In addition. followed by the exam. relax. That’s the idea for the real test. You will then determine possible weak areas to study further in Lesson 4. so you won’t be unprepared.7 l e s s o n Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4 lesson sU MMA RY This is the last of four practice exams in this book that are based on the core content of your cosmetology coursework. take this test to gauge how much you have learned and retained using this book. follow the exam. When you have read and understood all the answers. each fully explained. You have worked hard and have every right to be confident! The answer sheet is on the following page. For this last test. pull together all the tips you’ve been practicing since the first test. and when you are unsure. A lthough this is the last practice exam. There shouldn’t be anything here to surprise you. Remember the types of questions that tripped you up in the past. Using all of the experience and strategy that you gained from the other three exams and from the Refresher Course. too—you won’t be surprised. Give yourself the time and the space to work—perhaps in an unfamiliar location such as a library. the Cosmetology Refresher Course. It is simply another representation of what you can expect to find on the official Cosmetology Exam. Most of all. it is not designed to be any harder or trickier than the other three. turn back to Lesson 1 for an explanation of how to score and analyze your exam. draw on what you’ve learned from reading the answer explanations. since you won’t be taking the official exam in your living room. The correct answers.
–C osmetology ansWer sheet–
Practice Exam 4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35.
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d
36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b
c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c
d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d
71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100.
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b
c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c
d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d
arthritis. Good posture is important to cosmetologists a. pedicure done with a whirlpool foot spa d. a. you cover the sore with a bandage. d. she insists that she cannot come back another day. pedicure done with a tub b. Short. salons should provide a. b. streptococci. Microbacterium. a. in a closed. d. c. 9. c. c. nonpathogenic bacteria. in an open box. formalin. clean. HIV can be spread in all of the following ways both to improve personal appearance as well as to a. c. Sanitized implements are best stored EXCEPT a. d. 3. d. For hand washing. 2. b. rod-shaped bacteria are referred to as should work on her hair only if a. c. on a shelf. store pins. c. b. reuse client gowns or headbands only three times before washing. d. or fortuitum furunculosis. command a higher salary. make sure clients’ pets are kept near them and not allowed to roam freely. To work in a salon. in an open. b. liquid antiseptic soaps. clean. antibacterial bar soaps. louse. she assures you that it is safe. canitus. sexual intercourse. A client has an open sore on her scalp. contagious disease. pedicure done with a dishpan 5. b. An important rule of sanitation is to a. rollers. prevent fatigue and physical problems. b. 8. 123 . 10. is a rod-shaped bacterium that is normally harmless but can cause serious infections if the manufacturer’s sanitation procedures are not followed after what service? a. 7. wash your hands after using the restroom and between clients. spirilla. the cosmetologist must be 6. d. d. d.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– Practice exam 4 1. bacilli. sharing needles. cocci. dry container. mite. d. shaking hands. promote and strengthen self-discipline. blood transfusions. virus. b. b. her doctor certifies that it is not infectious. Scabies is caused by a free from a. pedicure done with a foot bath c. disinfectants. dry container. You 4. bacterium. c. c. and other tools in your pockets. b. increase self-confidence. c.
sweat. muscles. c. c. b. cyst. Which of the following is an example of a an S pattern using fingers. b. comb. c. hospital-grade disinfectant with virucide and tuberculocide. cortex. cuticle. occupational disease 12. 20. The average nail grows approximately how fast? fluids and the blood or by a cut or sore on the skin. finger wave. a. systemic disease d. EPA registered 14. c. is found in its badly bitten nails who asks for advice on how to stop this habit? a. sarcoma. nails. Most people are unable to stop. d. tint retouch. 124 teeth. c. Sebaceous glands in the scalp and skin produce a. c. bouffant. Hepatitis is a virus transmitted through body 17. This habit is hereditary. What other virus is this similar to? a. b. quat EPA registered c. mole. The hair’s pigment. d. increased amount of subcutaneous tissue. 16. skip wave. Hair is made of the same protein as the seasonal condition? a. d. b. 19. prickly heat 22. c. d. What should the label of a disinfectant say to ensure that it will be effective against viruscausing organisms in your salon? a. b. The main effect of aging on the skin is a. and waving lotion is a. not EPA registered b. b. a. b. herpes simplex d. contains phenols d. 70% alcohol. rosacea c. The art of shaping and molding the hair into 21. Frequent manicures may motivate him or her to stop. semipermanent color. loss of hair follicles. b. keratin. . corn. increased blood flow. c. c. temporary color. epidermis. d. dandruff. loss of elasticity. What advice would you give to a client with 13. acne b. oil. b. venereal disease c. pin curls. d. permanent color. 15. A callus that grows inward is referred to as a a. A patch test is NOT necessary for a a. 1 8 1 4 1 8 1 4 inch per week inch per week inch per month inch per month 18. bones. d.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 11. or color. d. HIV b. a. Placing bad-tasting powders on the nails can be effective. d. medulla.
25. 24. greatest number of other substances? a. semipermanent color c. ductless glands. you need to understand the muscle structure of the face and neck in order to a. and blood vessels. heart. slicing. Which of the following hair-care substances has an acidic pH? a. before applying a virgin tint when going darker 29. avoid hurting your clients during chemical treatments. cold waving lotion d. before performing a retouch c. b. What should be used to presoften resistant hair to make it more receptive to hair color? a. In hair coloring. c. choose the most attractive hair colors. before performing a tint back on lightened hair b. stretching and reconfiguring the hair’s H and S bonds. Which branch of the seventh cranial nerve a color filler? a. d. hair relaxer 30. c. c. glycerin 32. supratrochlear 26. oil c. bones and muscles. 20 volume peroxide 125 . d. before performing a reconditioning treatment on lightened hair d. endocrine glands. A coloring technique that involves painting a. 27. d. weaving. foiling. d. alcohol d.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 23. b. give an effective and relaxing massage. c. 20% peroxide d. As a cosmetologist. 31. b. lungs. a dark shade of tint b. b. 12% ammonia water c. exocrine glands. breaking and rearranging the hair’s disulfide bonds. Which substance is capable of dissolving the lightener on the hair with a tint brush or rattail comb is called a. The integumentary system includes the 28. b. coating the hair shaft with strong protein molecules. when should you recommend a. apply makeup most effectively. d. lymphatic ducts. conditioner b. infraorbital c. water b. temporal b. skin and its accessory organs. Permanent waving works by affects the muscles at the base of the skull behind the ear? a. The sweat and oil glands found in the skin are examples of a. completely severing the hair’s disulfide bonds. digestive organs and glands. c. posterior auricular d. balayage.
advertising. A shampoo with a pH higher than 7 is said additional step is necessary after shampooing? a. b. nape of the neck b. always downward c. sides of the head d. d. c. Start at the ________________ when hair removal on the eyebrows. d. always upward b. nails. what manipulating the scalp during a shampoo. insurance. front hairline 42. In which direction is the fabric strip removed? a. triangularis. to be a. b. Remove the neck strip and replace it with a second towel. with the growth d. d. c.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 33. 35. d. skin. d. pterygium. true skin. the number of employees and total salaries. the wax is applied and then removed with a fabric strip. corium. The technical term for bitten nails is is for a. hair. 126 . onychauxsis. Fold and secure a third towel over the drape. a description of the proposed business. supplies. a profit and loss statement. salaries. b. b. Remove the outer towel and replace it with a neck strip. Trichology deals with the scientific study of the the following EXCEPT a. How should a stylist approach selling a. 40. alkaline. cutis. onychophagy. knowing the additional commission he or she will make b. b. with sincere concern for the client’s needs d. epidermis. To prepare a client for a haircut. mild. d. 39. Remove the drape and brush both towels. a. 34. The largest expense involved in running a salon a. c. the names and addresses of employees. When you are using a hot wax for temporary additional products and services to clients? a. onychatrophia. top of the head c. c. b. in the opposite direction of the growth 37. acidic. c. with a smooth line about the benefits of the additional sale c. d. The outer layer of the skin is called the a. 36. for dry hair. A complete business plan would include all of 38. with disregard for whether or not the client needs the product or service 41. c. b. c.
steaming. mask c. providing a pleasant. use only nondisposable materials for the client. provide a base coat for nail polish. b. When giving a pedicure. c. cleansing b. Your client has acne. month. c. deep. c. eliminate minor dandruff problems. 46. massage 53. 48. you should loosen and for a facial? a. You should a. d. b. massage. week. correct the pH of the hair and scalp. 45. underside of the client’s nails. inside of the artificial nails only. steaming. b. and some of the pimples push back the cuticles with a. c. your fingers. cleansing. day. d. d. nail polish will not be accidentally removed. the drawer of the manicure table. year. massage. cleansing. edges of the client’s nails and inside of the artificial nails. Normal skin and a healthy scalp can obtain the 44. c. protect the nail or mend a broken nail. Which massage movement is described as a a. b. you should put the adhesive on the a. mask d. d. You should help your client to relax before a working with a cuticle pusher or orangewood stick so that the a. steaming. provide an interesting texture to the nail. 127 . The purpose of nail wrapping is to a. refuse to give a facial while the condition is active. wear rubber gloves while working on the client. prevent shampoo buildup on the scalp. a central laundry receptacle for dirty linen. rubbing movement? a. a plastic bag attached to the manicure table. quiet atmosphere and speaking professionally. your pocket. When applying press-on artificial nails. b. d. 52. Which of the following is the correct procedure 47. tools will not be bent or damaged. give a facial only under a doctor’s specific orders. make the nails grow longer. d. nail bed will not be injured. an orangewood stick. make the hair softer and easier to comb. d.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 43. b. massage. providing printed literature on the benefits of facial treatments. cleansing. percussion 50. facial by a. explaining your sanitary procedures in detail. b. b. d. center of the client’s nails and inside of the artificial nails. c. It is important to use light pressure when greatest benefit from a massage once each a. friction c. steaming. mask. describing your training and experience in detail. petrissage b. b. a cotton swab. d. a metal pusher. All disposable materials used during a manicure should be placed in a. c. have come to a head and are open. 51. effleurage d. nail tip will not weaken and break. A cream rinse is occasionally used to 49. c. mask. c.
c. d. The correct procedure for applying gauze for a 58. 60. you should apply a lighter shade of foundation a. on the neck than on the face. d. 57. brighter. b. apply the ingredients to the face. you should first a. the same size throughout its length. The oil in the blackhead has been there for a long time. fringe. tighter at the ends than at the top. Concave rods will create a curl that is a. d. b. d. pseudomonas aeruginosa. on the face than on the neck. apply three layers of gauze to the face. darker. b. you should choose a cheek color that is a. add the mask ingredients. Why does a blackhead appear black or dark? a. the same. c. make the client look as if she has no bad features. on the front of the face only. A bacterial inflammation of the tissues bright lip color. d. c. The pores of the skin are too small. and cover with three more layers. 59. When a client prefers to wear a very dark or between the nail plate and enhancement is actually a bacterial infection called a. The skin is not clean. c. d. The pores of the skin are too large.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 54. To be sure your client will be satisfied with a should be to a. make the client look like a favorite movie star. c. tell the client how experienced you are at doing perms. 55. A discoloration that was previously called mold facial mask is to a. b. onychia. discuss the client’s expectations and lifestyle. thin neck. promote the products your salon sells. permanent. 56. c. and then cover with gauze. d. show the client how you think he or she should look. onychoposis. When you apply makeup on a client. apply the gauze to the face. mix the gauze with the mask ingredients before applying to the face. 61. d. To correct a long. most fashionable hairstyles. b. on the sides of the neck only. b. extremely loose throughout its length. paronychia. your goal surrounding the nail is called a. c. onychosis. tighter at the top than at the ends. 128 . lighter. be familiar with the latest. onychorrhexis. b. b. onychomadesis. minimize the bad features and maximize the good ones. c. 62. d. and then add the mask ingredients. b. c.
cleanse the hair ends. preview the results of hair coloring. d. b. deposit a base color. extremely dense. d. b. styling books b. adds acid to a chemical reaction. apply very small pieces of foil. speeds up a chemical reaction. redness or burning. b. These products are illegal to buy or use. lighten only the hair under the cap. d. 69. Color shampoos may be used to add slight and to a. size of the rods. 71. c. Which of the following should NOT prepared 68. tightness of the curls desired. b. remove unwanted red tones. overporous. 70. or to a. permanently eliminate gray hair. cover unwanted color tones. 65. b. severely damaged. c. bleach away natural color. chest pain. The colors achieved cannot be duplicated at home. 67.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 63. coarse. d. use small amounts of toner. b. d. To achieve a subtle effect. These products conflict with professional hair-care products. stops a chemical reaction. texture of the hair. b. a severe headache. dark. The results of a positive skin test are indicated by a. c. Why is it necessary for a cosmetologist to be for use during a client consultation? a. treated with a sodium hydroxide hair relaxer. treated with henna hair color. removes heat from a chemical process. deep condition the hair shaft. c. 72. c. mannequins d. A filler is used to correct the hair’s porosity 66. c. Neutralization is a process that color to the hair. d. to brighten the color. You are using the cap technique for a. swollen feet and legs. Hair treated with these products can only be lightened with concentrated hydrogen peroxide. Very long hair can present a challenge for the colorist because the ends of the hair are a. c. Hair can be permed successfully if it has been able to recognize the use of metallic or compound dyes on a client’s hair? a. d. b. tinted or bleached. you would a. d. c. manufacturer’s instructions. color mixing bowl 64. The length of time you should spend rinsing the lotion out of the hair depends on the a. pull out only a few small strands. b. 129 . c. d. a. highlighting. hair swatches c.
rinse the eyes with cold water. oxidative hair color 76. natural henna products c. one level darker than desired. b. to protect the cosmetologist and salon from legal liability c. rinse the eyes and refer the client to a doctor. to ensure consistent and satisfactory future results b. d. b. b. c. When you are formulating a color for gray hair. b. 82. b. In haircutting. c. b. Why would it be necessary to keep written it is important to consider the a. the same as the desired level. from the forehead to the nape. c. c. vertically above each ear. 130 . price the client is willing to pay for hair coloring. d. blue violet green brown 75. call your supervisor immediately to examine the eyes. What is henna? a. d. length and condition of the client’s hair. d. involuntary muscle. from ear to ear. call for an ambulance immediately. 74. a vegetable hair color an aniline hair color a progressive hair color a metallic hair color 81. to learn more about the chemical reaction involved d. the first step in four-section 77. you should use a permanent color formulation that is a. cardiac muscle. Which color neutralizes a too-orange color? records of a client’s hair-relaxing treatments? a. if it has been tinted. hydrogen peroxide d. c. d. equal parts of the desired level and one level lighter. nonstraited muscle. client’s natural hair color before turning gray. Your client has brown hair that is 20% gray. b. all-over hair color. near the hairline. A muscle controlled by will is a chemical hair-relaxing treatment. across the crown. b. 78. c. a. If rinse water gets into your client’s eyes after a a. d. semipermanent hair colors b. To achieve a natural-looking. A client’s hair is NOT to be thinned a. c. d. if it is very curly. particular shade of gray in the client’s hair. 80. Which type of hair-color product can lighten and deposit color in a single step? a. one level lighter than desired. you should a. to learn how to increase the strength of the reaction 79.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 73. voluntary muscle. d. at the top of the head. c. parting is to part the hair a.
endothermic c. c. a muscle a bone a nerve a blood vessel 131 . an upswept hairstyle c. a swept-back hairstyle b. the hair that fits into the follicle the hair that projects into the papilla the hair that fits over the papilla the hair that projects beyond the scalp that heats up the perming solution and speeds up the processing? a. c. the tighter the curl. c. The relationship depends more on direction of roll than on size. b. What factor plays a major role in guiding you 89. add width to the face and neck. d. c. add as much length as possible. a tight. b. b. below zero temperature 88. 90. What type of perm creates a chemical reaction a. apply setting lotion. lying too close to the head. Before starting a thermal wave. There is no relationship. The smaller the roller. wave at the back of the head. wave at the nape of the neck. In designing a hairstyle for a client with very a. At what temperature does an acid wave process at? a. d. comb the hair in the direction of the wave. acid balanced b. d. c. d. c. becoming oily. the tighter the curl. cover the face as much as possible. exothermic 94. freezing temperature d. create an asymmetrical effect. b. heated temperature b. d. Top and crown layering of long hair prevents curl? a. the scissor shape 84. b. permanent waving finger waving soft-curl permanents chemical hair relaxing 86. thin features. Which type of hairstyle should be recommended the hair from a.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 83. d. d. a forward hairstyle with softness around the face 91. d. developing split ends. finger wave that is beneath another wave. Which of these is NOT a texture service? to a client with a prominent nose? a. A shadow wave is a a. apple pectin d. b. the cutting guide b. 92. How does the roller size affect the resulting to the desired end result in haircutting? a. b. The larger the roller. you should aim to a. pulled-back bun or French twist d. b. room temperature c. 85. shallow wave with low ridges. c. thoroughly wet the strand of hair. the head form c. Which portion of the hair is the hair shaft? a. What is the epicranius? a. 87. c. the hair texture d. 93. back comb the section of hair to be waved. becoming frizzy in humid weather.
d. Where would you place the tape measure when give the crown hair a lift? a. drying. What would you use during blow-drying to 98. what stage is the hair in result in a. use antiseptic. c. b. Which of the following is a knot or coil of synthetic hair. sprouting stage c. b. During hair braiding. place it in a sterilizer. a round brush b. maturation stage 100. growing stage d. at the nape of the neck and extending up to the forehead hairline c. wipe it clean. burning or smoking. an air waver with comb attachment 96. c. two inches above one ear and extending all the way around the head at that level 99. bandeau 132 . a vent brush c. fall d.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 95. above the eyebrows and going all the way around the head d. splitting. usually worn with another hairpiece? a. at the forehead hairline and going all the way around the head just above the ears b. d. you should a. chignon b. cracking or peeling. braid c. prelock stage b. Pressing hair that is incompletely dried can measuring the circumference of the head to fit a wig? a. when the end of the lock is totally closed and the hair is tightly meshed? a. 97. a very large diameter brush d. wash it with soap and hot water. To clean a pressing comb before and after each use.
a. or free-form technique. c. The loss of elasticity that occurs with age is the main cause of wrinkling and sagging. It is subtle and draws attention to the surface. c. such as shaking hands or kissing. 21. 3. Short. b. 8.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– answers 1. A solution labeled as hospital-grade disinfectant with virucide and tuberculocide. d. Good posture improves physical appearance as well as prevents fatigue and physical problems. the same protein that is found in the nails and skin. liquid antiseptic soaps are the safest for hand washing. a. b. 133 . 5. d. A corn is a callus that grows inward and becomes painful. 4. as this bacterial infection is generally found to be harmless except in this type of environment. Temporary color does not contain analine derivatives. 17. because those diseases can be transmitted by contact. Sebaceous glands are the oil-producing glands in the skin and scalp. 10. for example. or duct glands. You should not work on a client with an open sore unless a doctor certifies that it is not infectious. c. A seasonal condition is triggered at particular seasons of the year. HIV cannot be spread by ordinary social contact. 19. This disinfectant has been EPAtested against all organisms. no patch test is required. A. To work in a salon. The integumentary system is made up of the skin and the oil glands. sharp implements. 18. An understanding of the muscles of the head. 26. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) enters the blood stream through cuts and sores and can be transmitted in the salon by unsanitary. d. EPA registered will ensure complete sanitation. 11. Balayage. dry container will keep implements sanitary until they are ready to be used. fingers. prickly heat appears in hot weather. c. 2. Scabies is caused by a tiny mite that burrows beneath the skin. b. 15. Hair is composed of the protein keratin. sweat glands. rod-shaped bacteria are known as bacilli. Label may also include HIV-1 and hepatitis 16. 24. b. a. have canals for transporting the product of the gland to a particular part of the body. b. c. c. a. 28. 7. Frequent manicures are sometimes effective in helping people to stop biting their nails. 25. free of contagious diseases. B. Because bacteria can grow on bar soaps. 9. a. Color filler is recommended before a tint back on lightened hair to deposit the base color. Finger waving is the process of shaping and molding the hair into S patterns using only a comb. d. Follow manufacturer’s sanitation and disinfection of whirlpool foot spa and of thrones. 27. 13. usually a red color. face. and nails. and neck will allow you to give an effective massage. 12. b. A closed. therefore. and waving lotion. 6. uses a tint brush or rattail comb to paint lightener on the top layers of the hair. and C. 20. c. Always wash your hands between clients and after using the restroom. clean. 22. 1 The average nail grows approximately 8 = inch per month. 23. The posterior auricular nerve gives motor function to these muscles. d. d. b. d. a. The exocrine. The hair’s pigmented layer is the middle layer. c. hair. or cortex. cosmetologists must be 14.
134 . d.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 29. 35. Paronychia or felon is a bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail. 60. b. a. 32. a. Your goal is to make the client look his or her best. 57. b. c. A business plan is a financial plan that you develop before you open a business. an acquired nervous habit where the individual chews the nail or hardened cuticle. 42. the nail bed. Use an orangewood stick to push back the cuticles gently. d. 49. Too much pressure on the cuticle can injure 46. The skin is the thinnest on the eyelids and thickest on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. b. It can be caused by implements not sanitized and contaminated with the bacteria. c. the higher the pH. 53. 51. d. presoften with 20 volume peroxide or presoftener mixed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Wear rubber gloves and use disposable materials while working on a client with this kind of acne. b. a. Permanent waving works by breaking and 45. rubbing movement. A pleasant. Because of its ability to dissolve so many other substances. Weekly massage provides the greatest benefit to the normal skin and scalp. b. When a client wears a very dark or bright lip color. Apply a lighter shade of foundation on the entire neck to create an illusion of fullness. b. 43. Begin at the front hairline and work your way down. 50. It is the thinnest layer of skin. A pH higher than 7 is alkaline. Onychophagy is the technical term for bitten nails. its diseases. d. 54. Salaries are by far the largest expense involved in running a salon. Nail wrapping is done to protect a weak nail or mend a broken one. Friction is a deep. d. 37. 40. 31. remove the fabric strip in the opposite direction of hair growth and apply pressure with fingers to help with the pain. c. c. 33. and healthcare workers who have their hands in water are prone to this infection. Most other hair-care substances are alkaline. 52. The correct procedure is given in this answer choice. 30. There should always be a small plastic bag hanging from the side of the manicure table to hold waste materials. 41. Apply adhesive sparingly to the inside of the artificial nails and to the edges of the client’s nails. The epidermis is the outer protective layer of the skin. c. bartenders. A stylist should approach selling to clients with sincere concern for their needs and by recommending only what is truly in the client’s best interest. but it is actually a bacterial infection. 36. Pseudomonas aeruginosa used to be considered a mold. Pus is usually present. 55. a. 47. When waxing. a. c. 56. the harsher the shampoo. a. Sometimes a second layer of gauze is placed above the mask ingredients. quiet atmosphere and a professional manner will help the client relax. 48. c. Cream rinses and conditioners can make the hair softer and easier to comb. c. b. and care. This answer choice gives the correct order of steps in giving a facial. To make resistant hair more receptive to hair color. a. choose a lighter coordinating cheek color. Replace the outer towel with a neck strip before cutting the hair. 59. d. a. 34. then rearranging the disulfide bonds (straightening breaks them without reconnecting them). d. d. a. 39. 38. 44. 58. water is referred to as the universal solvent. Trichology is the science that deals with hair. Dishwashers.
A shadow wave is a shallow wave with low ridges. Only oxidative hair color can lighten and apply color in a single step. The client with a prominent nose needs softness around her face. b. d. 93. To neutralize a reaction or a process means to stop it. 75. b. Exothermic waves create an exothermic chemical reaction. pull out and lighten only a few small strands.–C osmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 61. Finger waving is a wet-setting technique. d. The instructions will tell you exactly how long to rinse the lotion from the hair. a. Color shampoos can cover unwanted tones. its complement on the color wheel. d. which are used in the home but not in the salon. d. d. rinse with water and refer the client to a doctor. a. itching. 89. the tighter the resulting curl. chestnut. 72. the thinning will show. and auburn tones. d. in addition to brightening the hair. 83. results meet their expectations and fit their lifestyle. The smaller the roller. 74. 65. 87. 77. 82. 64. b. with the addition of an activator that heats up the perming solution and speeds up the processing. To achieve a subtle effect. Orange is best neutralized by blue. 80. 84. therefore. A filler will correct the hair’s porosity and deposit a base color. burning. 91. a. b. The aim should be to add as much width as possible. Acid waves process with heat. If you thin the hair near the hairline. 135 . 67. Redness. a. making the look fuller. 63. a. c. c. and no permanent texture change is initiated through a chemical reaction. ensure consistent results for the client. 85. 68. d. 88. 81. 71. 76. Hair that has been tinted or bleached can usually be permed successfully if you choose the right waving formula. a. a. b. d. Clients will be most satisfied if the final 78. Top and crown layering of long hair prevents the hair from lying too flat on the head. b. 90. a. If the rinse water or the relaxer gets into the client’s eyes. b. a. It is not necessary to have a color mixing bowl during the client consultation. b. comb the hair in the direction of the wave. c. d. a. 92. The main purpose of record keeping is to 79. plays a major role in guiding you to the desired end result. 66. The head form or the shape of the head or skull. It is obtained from leaves or bark of plants and is available only in black. 70. Before making a thermal wave. 62. also referred to as the head shape. Part the hair first from the forehead to the nape of the neck. 69. 73. The hair shaft projects above the scalp. Voluntary muscles are muscles that are attached to the bone and are controlled by will. or blisters at the site are indications of a positive skin test. it will be necessary to choose a color that is lighter than the desired level to achieve a natural-looking result. 86. These products. The client’s natural hair color will determine the undertones that are still present and that will affect how the hair receives the pigment. a. Concave rods will create a curl that is tighter at the ends. The ends of long hair may be overporous and may. Because the client’s hair is still predominantly dark. can cause adverse chemical reactions with most professional products. c. Vegetable hair color is classified as henna. c. accept color differently from the rest of the hair.
98. It consists of the occipitalis and frontalis. the lock may start to weaken or come apart at the ends. a. and back to the starting point. after several years of maturation. 136 . a. In the maturation stage. A chignon is a knot or coil of synthetic hair. The heat of a pressing comb keeps it sterile as long as it is kept free of dirt and debris. The correct procedure is to begin at the front hair line. the lock is totally closed at the end and the hair is tightly meshed. 97. d. the top of the skull. usually worn with another hairpiece. The epicranius is the broad muscle that covers 95. d. 96.a. b.–Cosmetology PraCtiCe exam 4– 94. b. 100. The hair can burn or smoke if it is pressed when wet. 99. Use a vent brush to create a lift effect at the crown. extend the tape measure to a point just above one ear. above the other ear. and continue down to the lower back of the head.
” CAF continues to reach out to the community at large. develop.8 Cosmetology advanCement foundation’s national industry sKill standards lesson sU MMA RY In this chapter. For the past several years. promoting a positive image for cosmetologists and bringing greater awareness about the profession to schools and colleges around the country. l e s s o n he following National Industry Skill Standards are printed with the permission of the Cosmetology Advancement Foundation. with the goal of state boards universally accepting the standards and including them in curriculum. the CAF has been working hard to include these standards in textbooks and other educational cosmetology materials. and take-on unified programs contributing to the image. growth. along with some information about the foundation itself. The mission statement of the Cosmetology Advancement Foundation is: “To support. T 137 . therefore promoting more uniform requirements for licensed cosmetologists around the United States. you will find the Cosmetology Advancement Foundation’s (CAF) National Industry Skill Standards for entrylevel cosmetologists. and development of the Professional Cosmetology Industry.
(3) Read manufacturer directions. procedures. etc.–nationa l industry sKill standards– National Industry Skill Standards Cosmetology Industry Skill Standards and Illustrative Task Statements Level of Standard Illustrative Task Statement (1) Read and complete forms for employment. 3 financial records. and precautions of selected products to perform a cosmetology service (1) Communicate with vendors and manufacturers to obtain product information (2) Communicate with co workers to encourage a team atmosphere and team efforts (3) Schedule client appointments (4) Observe and listen to client to determine cosmetology needs (6) Utilize client feedback as a self-evaluation of performance (1) Maintain a waiting list for client appointments (1) Maintain client records in written form (2) Fill out forms such as applications (2) Write professional letters to clients Skill Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents Active Listening Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate 6 Writing Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience 2 138 . licenses.
and expenses (2) Price products for resale (3) Determine most economical sale of products. including tips. and/or nails 139 . and special care (4) Consult with clients to determine their cosmetology needs (1) Complete sales ticket for services and/or products (2) Maintain records of income. using division and conversion units (3) Determine formula of solution for hair texture. and elasticity (3) Use geometry techniques to determine proper hair cut techniques (1) Establish time requirements and prices for services (2) Maintain an appointment schedule (3) Evaluate clients and their requests to determine appropriate services and/or products (4) Determine reactions to solutions.–national industry sKill standards– Skill Speaking Talking to others to effectively convey information Level of Illustrative Task Statement Standard (1) Greet clients and give an overview of 4 Mathematics Using mathematics to solve problems 3 Critical Thinking Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches 4 Active Learning Working with new material or information to grasp its implications 4 Learning Strategies Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things 1 services and products available (2) Discuss maintenance and care of hair after services. or products by observing the client (4) Self-evaluation of performance and determining new approaches for improvement (1) Subscribe to professional cosmetology journals and attend seminars to learn new hair designs and techniques (2) Learn about products through personal use (3) Use client feedback as a self-evaluation of performance (4) Consult with client to determine needs and expectations for services (1) Use a variety of teaching strategies to show clients how to care for hair. including products. skin. procedures. porosity. restrictions.
beauty regimen. or products by observing client (3) Assist coworkers in resolving problems or conflicts (4) Identify signs of adverse health/safety conditions and take appropriate action or precautions (4) Analyze client needs for products and/or services Service Orientation Actively looking for ways to help people Identifying the nature of problems Problem Identification 4 140 . nail. or skin and proper product usage (1) Greet clients and offer them refreshments (2) Accommodate waiting customers (3) Consult with clients to determine needs and expectations (4) Discuss available alternatives with the client when their expectations cannot be met (5) Provide services to meet the needs and expectations of clients (1) Review manufacturer procedures. and precautions before performing service (2) Determine reactions to solutions. directions. procedures. or products by observing client (4) Utilize client feedback as a self-evaluation of performance Social Perceptiveness Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react the way they do 4 Coordination Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions 3 Persuasion Persuading others to approach things differently 2 Instructing Teaching others how to do something 1 5 (2) Demonstrate respect for individual differences (3) Assist coworkers in resolving problems or conflicts (4) By observing clients. or products (1) Maintain a work schedule and an appointment reminder system (2) Schedule client appointments (3) Adjust procedures to fit client needs and expectations (1) Suggest products and services or sell added services (2) Encourage client to change hairstyle. or try a new service (1) Teach client how to maintain hair.–nationa l industry sKill standards– Skill Monitoring Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something Level of Standard Illustrative Task Statement (1) Maintain and use a reminder system for 4 daily schedules and tasks (2) Monitor various procedures to ensure positive results (3) Determine reactions to solutions. determine reactions to solutions. procedures. procedures.
and expense records. etc. procedures.–national industry sKill standards– Skill Information Gathering Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information Level of Illustrative Task Statement Standard (1) Locate information sources for current 3 Information Organization Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information 2 Generating a number of different approaches to problems Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation Idea Generation 3 Idea Evaluation 2 Solution Appraisal Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design 2 Operations Analysis 2 Operation and Control Controlling operations of equipment or systems 2 1 cosmetology trends and information (2) Ask coworkers and other professionals for information and assistance (3) Consult manufacturer’s directions and safety precautions for products (1) Organize work area based on sequence of services. or other logical approach (2) Organize client information to ensure efficient access to critical personal and health information (2) Utilize system for important information such as client records. income. or products (2) Give and receive feedback to increase cooperation (1) Determine hair design through listening to client’s requests (2) Recommend products and/or services to meet the client’s needs and expectations (2) Use business records to evaluate business growth (2) Use a variety of instruments and equipment to achieve various services (1) Change blades for razors (1) Sanitize instruments and equipment (1) Oil clippers/scissors Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions Equipment Maintenance Visioning 3 (1) Understand how to conduct business using a salon team approach (2) Implement a time management plan based on normal working situations (3) Develop image of finished style needed to meet client’s expectations 141 . use of equipment. tips. (1) Describe different hairstyles to achieve a client’s desired look (3) Incorporate various marketing strategies into a client development plan (1) Select products according to hair and scalp type and condition (2) Recommend services and products based on client’s needs and expectations (1) Determine problems and outcomes by communicating with clients (2) Observe clients to determine reactions to solutions.
and other variables (2) Maintain financial records. weekly sales. facilities. salaries). monthly statements.–nationa l industry sKill standards– Skill Identifica tion of Key Causes Level of Illustrative Task Statement Standard (1) Provide and encourage the use of a 4 Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal Judgment and Decision Making 4 Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action Time Management Managing one’s own time and/or time of others 4 Management of Financial Resources 3 Determining how money will be spent to get the work done. and materials needed to do certain work Performing routine care to enhance condition and appearance of hair 142 Management of Material Resources 2 Hair Care 3 suggestion box (2) Contact past clients to determine customer satisfaction (3) Review processes and procedures while providing client ser vices (4) Analyze records of perfor mance and client retention to determine areas of improvement (1) Maintain professionalism while interacting with clients and coworkers (2) Identify precautions and safety measures needed to protect the client (2) Maintain an appointment schedule (3) Make decisions and plan actions based on the well-being of the entire salon or team (4) Develop a marketing. purchasing products in bulk quantities when appropriate (2) Inventor y retail product supply and places orders accordingly (1) Shampoo and condition hair (2) Determine hair condition and type based on obser vation (3) Recommend or provide solutions to improper hair care regimens . product usage. such as daily cash repor t. and tax repor ts (3) Manage income to meet expenses and provisions for future endeavors successfully (1) Properly use salon equipment. and products (2) Maintain product supply for client ser vices. facilities. and accounting for these expenditures Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment. client development. or business plan (1) Define time allotments for various ser vices (2) Develop and maintain an appointment schedule (3) Adjust services or actions to accommodate adverse time conditions (3) Use available time to benefit salon operations or professional development when clients fail to show or cancel appointments (4) Evaluate appointment records and past perfor mance to deter mine one’s time ef ficiency (1) Determine potential income and expenses based on income str uctures (commission vs. service times.
toning. condition. condition.–national industry sKill standards– Performing routine care to enhance condition and appearance of skin Skill Skin Care Level of Illustrative Task Statement Standard (1) Cleanse skin 3 Performing routine care to enhance condition and appearance of nails Nail Care 3 (1) Operate simple facial equipment (2) Determine skin condition and type based on observation (3) Apply basic skin treatment for the improvement of skin. perform aftercare (2) Wax and tweeze hair to shape the eyebrow (3) Use depilatory products to remove hair from the body (1) Fit and style a hairpiece (2) Select an appropriate hairpiece based on client needs and characteristics (3) Use hair addition techniques to enhance hair volume (2) Choose products and services for hair reconstruction dependent on the client’s needs (3) Apply products and techniques to produce or remove wave and curl formation (1) Interpret color charts to determine appropriate formula needs (2) Analyze hair condition and recognize evidence of previous hair treatments (3) Apply color products to hair 143 . growth pattern. moisturizing. and massage (1) Give hand massage and cleanse nails (2) Manipulate the cuticle (3) Shape. and polish nails Hair Designing Arrange hair to achieve artistic design 4 Shorten or shape hair using a variety of hair cutting techniques and equipment Hair Cutting 4 Hair Removal Removing hair using various techniques 3 Hair Additions Adding hair using various techniques 3 Altering hair structure using chemical processes Chemical Reconstruction 3 Altering hair color using a variety of processes Hair Coloring 3 (1) Blow-dry hair (2) Use wet and dry setting techniques to achieve final hair design. individual style. including cleansing. and facial shape (1) Prep skin for hair removal and remove hair from the body. use thermal tools and products to achieve final hair design (3) Arrange hair through various styling techniques to achieve final hair design (4) Design hair dependent on the client’s facial shape. graduated hair styles (4) Create length and shape dependent on hair texture. and expectations (1) Cut a one-length hair style (2) Cut hair utilizing angles and sectioning. create layered.
and abilities.–nationa l industry sKill standards– Performance guidelines Five critical job functions were identified for the entry-level cosmetologist. The following are the performance guidelines divided by critical job function. knowledge. Peformance indicators are observable task statements that are indicative of successful performance of the guideline and job function. Each guideline includes performance indicators. 144 . Twenty performance guidelines were developed for these job functions. the representative skill standards.
The entry-level cosmetologist must consult with clients to determine their needs and preferences as they relate to cosmetology services. and satisfaction of clients. General Work Skills: Active listening Speaking Social perceptiveness Service orientation Problem identification Information gathering Idea generation Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Hair care Nail care Skin care Industry Standard: 6 4 4 5 4 3 4 4 3 3 3 Knowledge: Customer and personal service Communication and media Industry-Specific Knowledge: Anatomy and Physiology Abilities: Oral comprehension Oral expression Originality Problem sensitivity Deductive reasoning Auditory attention Speech recognition Speech clarity Performance Indicators: Greets client and gives an overview of services and products available Observes and asks questions to determine the client’s needs and expectations Discusses the benefits and/or features of products and services Uses visual media as appropriate to enhance communication After establishing services to be performed and prices. asks for the client’s permission to proceed –national industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Getting Information needed to do the job Performing for or working directly with the public Work Styles: Achievement Energy Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Self-control Independence Analytical thinking 145 .CLIENT SERVICE The entry-level cosmetologist provides a variety of services to meet the needs. well-being.
General Work Skills: Active listening Social perceptiveness Service orientation Problem identification Judgment and decision making Industry Standard: 6 4 5 4 4 Performance Indicators: Work area is clean and organized before each service Safety and sanitary precautions are taken to protect clients and self Personal protective measures. such as gloves. The entry-level cosmetologist must conduct services in a safe environment and take measures to prevent the spread of infectious and contagious disease. and satisfaction of clients. are used Special steps to ensure client safety are taken when necessary Client is draped and properly prepared for service Equipment and instruments are sterilized and maintained prior to each use Signs of infectious or contagious disease are identified and appropriate action or precautions are taken Knowledge: Customer and personal service Public safety and security –nationa l industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Make decisions and solving problems Organizing.. planning. etc.146 CLIENT SERVICE The entry-level cosmetologist provides a variety of services to meet the needs. well-being. and prioritizing work Assisting and caring for others Performing for or working directly with the public Work Styles: Initiative Concern for others Dependability Attention to detail Integrity Analytical thinking Abilities: Oral comprehension Problem sensitivity Deductive reasoning Selective attention . smock.
CLIENT SERVICE The entry-level cosmetologist provides a variety of services to meet the needs. The entry-level cosmetologist must interact effectively with coworkers as part of a team. or subordinates Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Resolving conflicts and negotiating with others Work Styles: Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Self-control Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Integrity Independence 147 . and satisfaction of clients. peers. well-being. General Work Skills: Active listening Speaking Social perceptiveness Coordination Service orientation Problem identification Information gathering Solution appraisal Judgment and decision making Industry Standard: 6 4 4 3 5 4 3 2 4 Knowledge: Administration and management Customer and personal service Psychology Abilities: Oral comprehension Written comprehension Oral expression Written expression Problem sensitivity Auditory attention Speech recognition Speech clarity –national industry sKill standards– Performance Indicators: Effectively works with coworkers to resolve conflicts Gives and receives feedback to enhance cooperation Shows respect for personal differences in others Takes initiative to facilitate cooperation and compromise within the group Involves and motivates coworkers in group efforts Participates in team activities. to advance team goals Makes decisions and plan actions based on the well-being of the entire salon or team Generalized Work Activities: Getting information needed to do the job Communicating with supervisors.
General Work Skills: Active listening Critical thinking Monitoring Social perceptiveness Coordination Service orientation Judgment and decision making Time management Performance Indicators: Develops and uses accurate time allotments when scheduling client services Demonstrates a respect for client’s time by minimizing waiting time and performing services in appropriate time Maintains a waiting list to fill changes in schedule Maintains and uses a reminder system for daily schedules and tasks Uses available time to benefit salon operations or professional development when clients fail to show or cancel appointments Work Styles: Persistence Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Analytical thinking Industry Standard: 6 4 4 4 3 5 4 4 Knowledge: Administration and management Customer and personal service Abilities: Oral comprehension Written comprehension Written expression Problem sensitivity Deductive reasoning Memorization Selective attention Time sharing –nationa l industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Getting information needed to do the job Monitoring processes. services. and satisfaction of clients. or persons Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Developing objectives and strategies Organizing. peers.148 CLIENT SERVICE The entry-level cosmetologist provides a variety of services to meet the needs. materials. or subordinates Communicating with persons outside the organization . and prioritizing work Communicating with supervisors. planning. or surroundings Judging the qualities of objects. well-being. The entry-level cosmetologist must effectively manage their time to provide efficient client service.
General Work Skills: Active listening Writing Critical thinking Monitoring Service orientation Identification of key causes Judgment and decision making Industry Standard: 6 2 4 4 5 4 4 Performance Indicators: Develops a plan or strategy to retain clients and encourage the return of customers Actively seeks client feedback and uses it as self-evaluation of performance Develops a client record system and maintains current information on clients Contacts past clients to determine customer satisfaction –national industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Judging the qualities of objects. The entry-level cosmetologist must take necessary steps to develop and retain clients. well-being.CLIENT SERVICE The entry-level cosmetologist provides a variety of services to meet the needs. and satisfaction of clients. or persons Analyzing data and information Developing objectives and strategies Documenting/recording information Communication with persons outside the organization Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Selling or influencing others Performing for or working directly with the public Work Styles: Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Energy Leadership Orientation Social orientation Dependability Independence Knowledge: Sales and marketing Customer and personal service Abilities: Oral comprehension Oral expression Written expression Problem sensitivity 149 . services.
services.150 BUSINESS OPERATIONS The entry-level cosmetologist participates in business operations including marketing. business development. The entry-level cosmetologist must effectively market professional salon products. General Work Skills: Reading comprehension Active listening Speaking Mathematics Critical thinking Active learning Problem identification Information gathering Information organization Operations analysis Judgment and decision making Management of material resources Knowledge: Industry Standard: 3 6 4 3 4 4 4 3 2 2 4 2 Administration and management Sales and marketing Performance Indicators: Identifies potential needs of clients and recommends appropriate products Discusses products and their benefits with clients Offers clients “best buy” suggestions based on cost per unit Arranges products and merchandise to promote retail sales Promotes the use of products through personal use Maintains current information on products and manufacturers –nationa l industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Work Styles: Judging the qualities of objects. and maintaining records. or persons Evaluating information for compliance to standards Processing information Making decisions and solving problems Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Handling and moving objects Communicating with persons outside the organization Performing administrative activities Monitoring and controlling resources Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Oral comprehension Written comprehension Oral expression Written expression Deductive reasoning Inductive reasoning Information ordering Mathematical reasoning Number facility Abilities: .
and maintaining records. tips. The entry-level cosmetologist must maintain business records on client development. business development. income.BUSINESS OPERATIONS The entry-level cosmetologist participates in business operations including marketing. and expenses Uses records to determine business growth Accurately completes tax forms and reporting requirements Maintains an organized system of important documents General Work Activities: Getting information needed to do the job Evaluating information for compliance to standards Processing information Analyzing data or information Making decisions and solving problems Interacting with computers Documenting/recording information Performing administrative activities Monitoring and controlling resources Work Styles: Achievement/effort Initiative Dependability Attention to detail Integrity Independence Analytical thinking 151 . General Work Skills: Reading comprehension Writing Mathematics Critical thinking Monitoring Information organization Operations analysis Judgment and decision making Management of financial resources Industry Standard: 3 2 3 4 6 2 2 4 3 Knowledge: Administration and management Clerical Economics and accounting Abilities: Written comprehension Written expression Problem sensitivity Deductive reasoning Information ordering Number facility –national industry sKill standards– Performance Indicators: Utilizes a system for maintaining records of income. and expenses.
or products Interpreting the meaning of information for others Industry Standard: 3 4 4 4 3 3 2 3 4 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 Work Styles: Knowledge: Chemistry Biology Public safety and security Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Self-control Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Integrity Independence Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Safety/health regulations Oral comprehension Written comprehension Oral expression Written expression Problem sensitivity Deductive reasoning Information ordering Memorization . systems. actions. structures. programs. General Work Skills: Performance Indicators: Uses appropriate protective measures to protect self and client against product hazards Discusses benefits and features of products with clients Selects products according to the client’s hair and scalp condition Conducts clean-up procedures including proper storage and disposal of products according to environmental and health safety guidelines Reading comprehension Critical thinking Active learning Problem identification Information gathering Solution appraisal Operations analysis Testing Judgment and decision making Management of material resources Industry-Specific Skills Hair care Skin care Nail care Chemical hair reconstruction Hair coloring Hair removal Abilities: Generalized Work Activities: –nationa l industry sKill standards– Getting information needed to do the job Identifying objects. or information Judging the qualities of objects. AND SAFETY The entry-level cosmetologist must demonstrate safe and effective use of a variety of cosmetology products. products. or persons Evaluating information for compliance to standards Processing information Making decisions and solving problems Implementing ideas.152 PRODUCT KNOWLEDGE. events. materials. services. USE. or surroundings Inspecting equipment. or materials Estimating the characteristics of materials. and events Monitoring processes. The entry-level cosmetologist must safely use a variety of salon products while providing client services.
AND SAFETY The entry-level cosmetologist must demonstrate safe and effective use of a variety of cosmetology products.PRODUCT KNOWLEDGE. services. USE. The entry-level cosmetologist must efficiently manage product supply for salon use and retail sales. or persons Evaluating information for compliance to standards Processing information Making decisions and solving problems Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Handling and moving objects Communicating with persons outside the organization Performing administrative activities Monitoring and controlling resources Work Styles: Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Abilities: Written comprehension Deductive reasoning Inductive reasoning Information ordering Mathematical reasoning Number facility 153 . when appropriate Routinely inventories retail product supply and places orders accordingly Administration and management Sales and marketing –national industry sKill standards– Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Generalized Work Activities: Judging the qualities of objects. General Work Skills: Reading comprehension Mathematics Critical thinking Monitoring Problem identification Information gathering Information organization Operations analysis Judgment and decision making Management of material resources Knowledge: Industry Standard: 3 3 4 6 4 3 2 2 4 2 Performance Indicators: Maintains adequate product supply for client services Avoids product waste by using appropriate amount of product Purchases products in bulk quantities for salon use.
sanitation. art. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. General Work Skills: Industry Standard: 4 6 4 5 4 3 Knowledge: Customer and personal service Chemistry Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Anatomy and physiology Facials Sterilization. and bacteriology Abilities: Oral comprehension Oral expression Problem sensitivity Finger dexterity –nationa l industry sKill standards– Performance Indicators: Cleanses skin using appropriate products and proper technique Applies toners and moisturizers appropriate to skin type and condition Uses proper technique in facial massage therapy Discusses with client proper skin care Critical thinking Monitoring Social perceptiveness Service orientation Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Skin care Work Styles: Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Attention to detail Independence Analytical thinking Generalized Work Activities: Monitoring process. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. The entry-level cosmetologist must provide basic skin care services. materials. or surroundings Performing general physical activities Communicating with persons outside the organization Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Assisting and caring for others Performing for or working directly with the public Providing consultation and advice to others .154 FASHION. ART.
FASHION. and bacteriology Abilities: Problem sensitivity Arm-hand steadiness Finger dexterity Near vision Performance Indicators: Sanitizes area. conditions. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. wrists. and arms Discusses with client proper nail care –national industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Communicating with persons outside the organization Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Assisting and caring for others Performing for or working directly with the public Work Styles: Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Attention to detail Independence Analytical thinking 155 . and polishes nails to the satisfaction of client Massages and moisturizes hands. art. The entry-level cosmetologist must provide basic manicure and pedicure. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. self. General Work Skills: Industry Standard: 6 4 6 4 5 4 3 Active listening Speaking Monitoring Social perceptiveness Service orientation Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Nail care Customer and personal service Public safety and security Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Anatomy and physiology Manicures Sterilization. ART. and client’s hands Sanitizes implements (instruments) before each use Shapes. sanitation.
General Work Skills: Speaking Critical thinking Monitoring Social perceptiveness Instructing Service orientation Visioning Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Skin care Knowledge: Industry Standard: 4 4 4 4 1 5 3 4 3 Performance Indicators: Sanitizes implements and prepares products before each service Properly prepares skin before makeup application Applies foundation and color according to client’s individual skin condition. and style Discusses with client proper makeup techniques Customer and personal service Design Fine arts Public safety and security –nationa l industry sKill standards– Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Makeup design Generalized Work Activities: Getting information needed to do the job Monitoring processes. The entry-level cosmetologist must apply appropriate cosmetics to enhance a client’s appearance. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. ART. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. materials. art. color palate.156 FASHION. or surroundings Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Communicating with persons outside the organizations Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Performing for or working directly with the public Work Styles: Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Adaptability/flexibility Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Abilities: Fluency of ideas Originality Problem sensitivity Visualization Arm-hand steadiness Visual color discrimination .
& bacteriology Health/safety regulations Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Energy Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Self-control Stress tolerance Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Abilities: Problem sensitivity Deductive reasoning Selective attention 157 . AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion.FASHION. programs. Industry General Work Skills: Coordination Operation analysis Equipment selection Operation and control Visioning Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Hair care Hair cutting Performance Indicators: Conceives vision of finished style and appropriate steps to accomplish it Selects and prepares equipment and products prior to beginning service Applies a variety of cutting techniques to achieve the client’s desired haircut Accomplishes service in a standard amount of time Maintains attention to detail throughout haircutting process Standard: 3 2 3 2 3 4 3 3 Generalized Work Activities : Work Styles: Knowledge: Design Mechanical Fine arts –national industry sKill standards– Getting information needed to do the job Thinking creatively Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Performing general physical activities Handling and moving objects Controlling machines and processes Implementing ideas. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. ART. systems. sanitation. or products Interpreting the meaning of information for others Industry-Specific Knowledge: Anatomy and physiology Hairstyling Sterilization. art. The entry-level cosmetologist must provide a haircut in accordance with a client’s needs or expectations.
and events Estimating the characteristics of materials.158 FASHION. actions. ART. The entry-level cosmetologist must provide styling and finishing techniques to complete a hairstyle to the satisfaction of the client. systems. or products Interpreting the meaning of information for others Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Social orientation Self-control Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Abilities: Originality Inductive reasoning Visualization Selective attention Manual dexterity Depth perception . art. General Work Skills: Critical thinking Coordination Problem identification Idea generation Operations analysis Equipment selection Visioning Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Hair care Hair designing Work Styles: Knowledge: Design Chemistry Fine arts Performance Indicators: Conceives vision of desired look and appropriate techniques needed to achieve it Uses a variety of finishing techniques to achieve the client’s desired hairstyle Selects appropriate equipment and products prior to beginning service Instructs clients on procedures and/or products to ensure their satisfaction and ability to recreate the style Accomplishes service in a standard amount of time Industry Standard: 4 3 4 4 2 3 3 4 3 3 Generalized Work Activities: –nationa l industry sKill standards– Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Anatomy and physiology Hairstyling Identifying objects. or information Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Performing general physical activities Handling and moving objects Controlling machines and processes Implementing ideas. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. products. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. events. programs.
. art.FASHION. or products Interpreting the meaning of information for others Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Social orientation Self-control Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Product knowledge Anatomy and physiology Hair coloring Industry-Specific Knowledge: Originality Problem sensitivity Inductive reasoning Visualization Selective attention Manual dexterity Finger dexterity Near vision Depth perception 159 . General Work Skills: Reading comprehension Critical thinking Coordination Problem identification Information gathering Idea generation Operations analysis Equipment selection Testing Visioning Judgment and decision making 3 4 3 4 3 4 2 3 3 3 4 3 3 Performance Indicators: Industry Standard: Proper protective measures for both self and client are used for every service—i. Equipment and products are selected and prepared before beginning service Correct formula of solution is chosen according to hair texture. actions. or information Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Performing general physical activities Handling and moving objects Controlling machines and processes Implementing ideas. smock. or surroundings Estimating the characteristics of materials. products. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. programs. gloves. and precautions are reviewed before performing service Client is observed to determine adverse reactions to solutions. or products Client is instructed on procedures and/or products to ensure their continued satisfaction Procedure is documented for client record. directions. ART. procedures. porosity.e. and elasticity Manufacturer procedures. The entry-level cosmetologist must conduct a color service in accordance with a client’s needs or expectations. and events Monitoring processes. materials. etc. events. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. systems. including colors and products used Industry-Specific Skills: Hair care Hair coloring –national industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Work Styles: Design Chemistry Fine arts Knowledge: Abilities: Getting information needed to do the job Identifying objects.
and precautions are reviewed before performing service A test of formula is correctly made with client’s hair Client is observed to determine adverse reactions to solutions. products. materials. events. ART.160 FASHION. or surroundings Estimating the characteristics of materials. etc. smock. or products Client is instructed on procedures and/or products to ensure their continued satisfaction Procedure is documented for client record. porosity. including colors and products used Industry-Specific Skills: 3 3 3 –nationa l industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Work Styles: Knowledge: Design Chemistry Fine arts Abilities: Getting information needed to do the job Identifying objects. and events Monitoring processes. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. programs. gloves. or information Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Performing general physical activities Handling and moving objects Controlling machines and processes Implementing ideas.e. The entry-level cosmetologist must perform hair relaxation and wave formation techniques in accordance with the manufacturer directions. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. art. directions. Equipment and products are selected and prepared before beginning service Correct technique or formula of solution is chosen according to hair texture. or products Interpreting the meaning of information for others Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Social orientation Self-control Adaptability/flexibility Dependability Attention to detail Independence Innovation Analytical thinking Industry-Specific Knowledge: Anatomy and physiology Product knowledge Hair waving Originality Problem sensitivity Inductive reasoning Visualization Selective attention Manual dexterity Finger dexterity Near vision . systems.. procedures. and elasticity Manufacturer procedures. actions. General Work Skills: Reading comprehension Critical thinking Coordination Problem identification Information gathering Idea generation Operations analysis Equipment selection Testing Visioning Judgment and decision making Hair care Chemical hair reconstruction Hair designing Performance Indicator: Industry Standard: 3 4 3 4 3 4 2 3 3 3 4 Proper protective measures for both self and client are used for every service—i.
application. The entry-level cosmetologist must provide non-surgical hair additions. art. ART. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. General Work Skills: Critical thinking Monitoring Social perceptiveness Coordination Persuasion Instructing Service orientation Solution appraisal Visioning Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Hair additions Industry Standard: 4 6 4 3 2 1 5 3 3 4 3 Performance Indicators: Selects appropriate hairpiece according to client’s individual needs and style Properly fits. or surroundings Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Communicating with persons outside the organization Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Assisting and caring for others Performing for or working directly with the public Providing consultation and advice to others Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Analytical thinking Abilities: 161 Oral comprehension Oral expression Originality Problem sensitivity Visualization Manual dexterity Near vision .FASHION. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. and removal of hairpiece Uses hair addition techniques to enhance hair volume Generalized Work Activities: Work Styles: Knowledge: Customer and personal service –national industry sKill standards– Industry-Specific Knowledge Hair replacement technology Wiggery : Monitoring processes. and adapts hairpiece to maintain a natural appearance Instructs client on proper maintenance. styles. materials.
and prepares implements and products before beginning service Performs skin analysis and properly prepares skin Performs hair removal service to the satisfaction of client Performs after care. such as moisturizer. and electrology Abilities: Oral comprehension Oral expression Originality Problem sensitivity Visualization Manual dexterity Near vision . sanitizes. AND TECHNICAL DESIGN The entry-level cosmetologist produces fashion. antibacterial lotion. art. The entry-level cosmetologist must perform hair removal services. ART.162 FASHION. sanitation. to promote the comfort and satisfaction of the client –nationa l industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Monitoring processes. or surroundings Making decisions and solving problems Communicating with persons outside the organization Establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships Assisting and caring for others Performing for or working directly with the public Providing consultation and advice to others Work Styles: Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Analytical thinking Knowledge: Customer and personal service : Industry-Specific Knowledge Anatomy and physiology Sterilization. and technical design by providing a variety of cosmetology services. materials.. General Work Skills: Active listening Speaking Critical thinking Monitoring Social perceptiveness Service orientation Problem identification Operations analysis Judgment and decision making Industry-Specific Skills: Skin care Hair removal Industry Standard: 6 4 4 6 4 5 4 2 4 3 3 Performance Indicators: Selects. etc.
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT The entry-level cosmetologist must continue to develop personally and professionally to maintain a competitive edge in the cosmetology industry. Performance Indicators: Routinely participates in industry related shows. fairs. etc. seminars. Routinely participates in refresher courses for cosmetologists Subscribes to cosmetology journals and professional organizations Reading comprehension Active listening Critical thinking Active learning Social perceptiveness Service orientation Information gathering Information organization Idea generation Idea evaluation Visioning Judgment and decision making The entry-level cosmetologist must participate in life-long learning to stay current of trends. General Work Skills: –national industry sKill standards– Generalized Work Activities: Getting information needed to do the job Making decisions and solving problems Thinking creatively Updating and using job-relevant knowledge Industry Standard: 3 6 4 4 3 5 3 2 4 2 3 4 Knowledge: Customer and personal service Design Industry-Specific Knowledge: Personal development Abilities: Oral comprehension Written comprehension Fluency of ideas Originality Information ordering Visualization 163 Work Styles: Achievement/effort Persistence Initiative Leadership orientation Cooperation Concern for others Social orientation Adaptability/flexibility Attention to detail Independence Innovation . technology. and techniques pertaining to the cosmetology industry.
.. materials. use of proper work attire Adjusts equipment and working area to meet individual requirements—i.164 PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT The entry-level cosmetologist must continue to develop personally and professionally to maintain a competitive edge in the cosmetology industry. adjusts chair to proper height Uses equipment properly following appropriate ergonomics –nationa l industry sKill standards– Knowledge: Public safety and security Industry-Specific Knowledge: Product knowledge Industry-specific equipment knowledge Abilities: Deductive reasoning Manual dexterity Generalized Work Activities: Getting information needed to do the job Monitoring processes. or surroundings Making decisions and solving problems Performing general physical activities Performing for or working directly with the public Work Styles: Achievement/effort Initiative Energy Leadership orientation Self-control Attention to detail Independence Analytical thinking .e. General Work Skills: Critical thinking Monitoring Coordination Problem identification Information gathering Operations analysis Operation and control Judgment and decision making Industry Standard: 4 6 3 4 3 2 2 4 Performance Indicators: Takes appropriate measures to protect personal health —i.e. The entry-level cosmetologist must use appropriate methods to ensure personal health and well-being.
Please check your individual state to find out what licenses your state offers. See Lesson 1 for more information about the kind of written exams your state offers.9 l e s s o n Cosmetology Boards By state lesson sU MMA RY This chapter lists contact information of cosmetology boards for all states. he following state-by-state table shows you contact information for your state’s board of cosmetology. States change their requirements from time to time. and the cost of becoming licensed. what the required hours are. T 165 . so always confirm any information you find in this book with your state’s board of cosmetology.
al.az.accessarkansas.ar.org/cos/ Alaska Arizona Arkansas 166 .htm Arizona State Board of Cosmetology 1645 West Jefferson Street Phoenix. AZ 85007 602-542-5301 fax: 480-784-4962 www.–Cosmetology Boards By state– STATe Alabama CoNTACT INForMATIoN Alabama Board of Cosmetology RSA Union Building 100 North Union Street #320 Montgomery.aboc.us/occ/pbah. AR 72201 501-682-2168 fax: 501-682-5640 e-mail: cosmomail.cosmetology.state.ak.us www.state. AK 99811 907-465-2547 fax: 907-465-2974 e-mail: cindy_evans@commerce.O.commerce.al.us www.state. Box 110806 Juneau.state.us Arkansas State Board of Cosmetology 101 East Capital Avenue #108 Little Rock. AL 36130 334-242-1918 fax: 334-242-1926 toll free: 1-800-815-7453 e-mail: email@example.com Alaska Division of Occupational Licensing Board of Barbers & Hairdressers P.us www.state.ak.
state. CA 94244-2260 1-800-952-5210 (inside CA).us/licensure/licensure.barbercosmo. DE 19904 302-739-4522 fax: 302-739-2711 e-mail: margaret. Box 340308 Hartford.O.state.ct.state.dph.state.us www.co.ct.de.us www. CO 80202 303-894-7772 fax: 303-894-7802 www.shtml Colorado Connecticut Delaware 167 . CT 06134-0308 860-509-7569 fax: 860-509-8457 e-mail: oplc@po. 916-323-9020 (outside CA) e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org/barbers_cosmetologists/ Connecticut Department of Public Health 410 Capital Avenue.dora. MS #12 APP P.email@example.com. Box 944226 Sacramento.O.us/boards/cosmetology/index.htm Delaware Board of Cosmetology Cannon Building 861 Silver Lake Boulevard.ca.gov Colorado Office of Barber & Cosmetologist Licensing 1560 Broadway #1340 Denver.gov www.de.ca. Suite 203 Dover.–C osmetology Boards By state– STATe California CoNTACT INForMATIoN Board of Barbering and Cosmetology P.
hi. GA 30303 404-656-3909 fax: 478-207-1363 www. Room 923 Washington.q.state.asp Florida Board of Cosmetology Department of Professional Regulation Northwood Centre 1940 North Monroe Street Tallahassee.state.gov http://dcra.state.us www.1694.–Cosmetology Boards By state– STATe District of Columbia CoNTACT INForMATIoN District of Columbia Consumer & Regulatory Affairs Occupational & Professional Licensing 614 H Street NW.us/plb/barber_cosmet/ Hawaii Board of Barbering & Cosmetology Professional and Vocational Licensing Division Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs P. Box 3469 Honolulu.O. HI 96801 808-586-2699 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org@dc. D.C.3.fl.gov/dcra/cwp/view.dcraNav_GID. Electrolysis Council Department of Health 850-245-4373 Florida Georgia Georgia State Board of Cosmetology 166 Pryor Street SW Atlanta.us/dbpr Board of Medicine. 20001 202-727-7454 fax: 202-442-4528 e-mail: jackie.a.gov www.|33437|.ga.us/dcca/pvl/ Hawaii 168 .dcraNav.email@example.com. FL 32399-0790 904-488-5702 e-mail: julie.
us www. IL 62786 217-785-0800 fax: 217-782-7645 e-mail: tsanders@dpr084r1. Suite 220 Boise.state.ia.idph.id.us www.html Iowa Department of Public Health Cosmetology Board of Iowa Lucas State Office Building Des Moines. IN 46204 317-232-2980 fax: 317-233-5559 www.org/pla/index.us Indiana Professional Licensing Agency Government Center South 100 North Senate Avenue Room 1021 Indianapolis.il.ia.state.state.gov Illinois Department of Professional Regulations 320 West Washington Street.ibol.us/licensure Illinois Indiana Iowa 169 .dpr. IA 50319-0075 515-281-4416 fax: 515-281-3121 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.–C osmetology Boards By state– STATe Idaho CoNTACT INForMATIoN Idaho Department of Self-Governing Affairs Bureau of Occupational Licenses Owyhee Plaza 1109 Main Street. ID 83702 208-334-3233 fax: 208-334-3945 e-mail: email@example.com. 3rd Floor Springfield.idaho.state.us www.state.
us Louisiana Board of Cosmetology 11622 Sunbelt Court Baton Rouge.us firstname.lastname@example.org www.us www.us/pfr/olr kentucky Louisiana Maine 170 . ME 04345 207-624-8632 fax: 207-624-8637 e-mail: linda. ME 04333 (street address) 122 Northern Avenue Garniner. Suite 100 Topeka.state.state.s.–Cosmetology Boards By state– STATe kansas CoNTACT INForMATIoN Kansas State Board of Cosmetology 603 Southwest Topeka Blvd.email@example.com. LA 70809 225-756-3404 fax: 225-756-3410 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org/kboc/ Kentucky State Board of Cosmetology 314 West Second Street Frankfort. KS 66603-3230 785-296-3155 fax: 785-296-3002 e-mail: email@example.com Maine State Board of Cosmetology Department of Professional Regulation (mailing address) 35 State House Station Augusta.state. KY 40601 502-564-4262 fax: 502-564-0481 e-mail: dena.state.
O.–C osmetology Boards By state– STATe Maryland CoNTACT INForMATIoN Maryland State Board of Cosmetologists 501 St.dllr.md.state.msbc.state.md.mn.us/reg/boards/HD Michigan Bureau of Commercial Services Board of Cosmetology P.us Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi 171 .us www.ms. MN 55101 612-297-7050 fax: 612-617-2607 www.state.us Mississippi State Board of Cosmetology 1804 North State Street P.state.ms. Room 202 Baltimore.us www.state.us Massachusetts Board of Cosmetology 100 Cambridge Street. Box 55689 Jackson. MS 39296-5689 601-987-6837 fax: 601-987-6840 e-mail: nluckett@msbc. MD 21202 410-230-6320 fax: 410-333-6314 e-mail: dllr@dllr. MI 48909-7518 517-241-9201 fax: 517-241-9280 e-mail: jecamp@michigan. Paul.gov www. Box 30018 Lansing.O.state. Room 1520 Boston.ma.gov/cosmetology Board of Barber/Cosmetologist Examiners 133 East 7th Street St. MA 02202 617-727-9940 fax: 617-727-2197 www. Paul Place.michigan.
discoveringmontana.state.O. Box 94986 Lincoln.state.mt.us/cosmetology/ New Hampshire Board of Cosmetology and Esthetics 2 Industrial Park Drive Concord.us www.us www. 3rd Floor P.state.state.ne. NH 03301 603-271-3608 fax: 603-271-8889 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org/cosmet/ Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire 172 .state.–Cosmetology Boards By state– STATe Missouri CoNTACT INForMATIoN Missouri State Board of Cosmetology 3605 Missouri Boulevard P. NE 68509-4986 402-471-2117 fax: 402-471-3577 e-mail: kris. NV 89104 702-486-6542 fax: 702-369-8064 e-mail: email@example.com.O.us firstname.lastname@example.org. Box 1062 Jefferson City.ne.com Nebraska Department of Health & Human Services 301 Centennial Mall South. MO 65102 573-751-1052 fax: 573-751-8167 Montana Board of Cosmetologists 111 North Jackson Street Helena.nv.nh.us Nevada Board of Cosmetology 1785 East Sahara Avenue #255 Las Vegas.us www. MT 59601-4168 406-841-2333 fax: 406-841-2323 e-mail: dlibsdcos@state.
–C osmetology Boards By state–
New Jersey Board of Cosmetology P.O. Box 45003 Newark, NJ 07101 973-504-6400 fax: 973-648-3536 www.state.nj.us/lps/ca/boards.htm and Cosmetologists Regulation and Licensing Department 2550 Cerrillos Road Santa Fe, NM 87505 505-476-4690 fax: 505-476-4645 e-mail: email@example.com www.rld.state.nm.us/b&c
New Mexico New Mexico State Board of Barbers
New York Department of State Division of Licensing Services 84 Holland Avenue Albany, NY 12208-3490 518-484-4429 fax: 518-473-6648 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.dos.state.ny.us/ North Carolina Board of Cosmetology 1110 Navaho Drive Raleigh, NC 27609 919-850-2793 fax: 919-733-4127 e-mail: email@example.com www.cosmetology.state.nc.us
–Cosmetology Boards By state–
North Dakota Board of Cosmetology 1102 South Washington #200 P.O. Box 2177 Bismarck, ND 58502 701-224-9800 fax: 701-222-8756 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Ohio State Board of Cosmetology 101 Southland Mall Columbus, OH 43215 614-466-3834 fax: 614-644-6880 e-mail: email@example.com www.cos.ohio.gov Oklahoma State Board of Cosmetology 2200 Classen Boulevard, Suite 1530 Oklahoma City, OK 73106 405-521-2441 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.state.ok.us/~cosmo/ Oregon Health Licensing Agency 750 Front Street NE, Suite 200 Salem, OR 97310 503-378-8667 fax: 503-585-9114 e-mail: email@example.com www.hdlp.hr.state.or.us Professional & Occupational Affairs P.O. Box 2649 Harrisburg, PA 17105-2649 717-783-7130 fax: 717-705-5540 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.dos.state.pa.us/
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State Board of Cosmetology
–C osmetology Boards By state–
Puerto Rico Board of Examiners of Beauty Specialists P.O. Box 9023271 Old San Juan, PR 00902-3271 787-722-2122 fax: 787-722-4818 Professional Regulation Board of Hairdressing 3 Capital Hill Providence, RI 02908 401-277-2511 fax: 401-222-1272 e-mail: email@example.com www.health.state.ri.us
rhode Island Rhode Island Department of Health
South Carolina Board of Cosmetology 110 Centerville Drive, Suite 104 P.O. Box 11329 Columbia, SC 29211-1329 803-896-4830 fax: 803-896-4554 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.llr.state.sc.us/ 500 East Capital Avenue Pierre, SD 57501 605-773-6193 fax: 605-773-7175 e-mail: email@example.com www.state.sd.us/dol/boards/cosmo
South Dakota South Dakota Cosmetology Commission
Tennessee State Board of Cosmetology 500 James Robertson Parkway #130, First Floor Nashville, TN 37243-1147 615-741-2515 fax: 615-741-1310 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.state.tn.us/commerce/cosmo/index.htm
email@example.com Vermont Office of Secretary of State Secretary of State’s Office of Professional Regulation 109 State Street Montpelier. VT 05609-1106 802-828-2373 fax: 802-828-2465 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org@txcc.dopl.utah.gov Utah Vermont Virginia 176 .vt.–Cosmetology Boards By state– STATe Texas CoNTACT INForMATIoN Texas Cosmetology Commission P.state. Box 26700 Austin.tx. Box 45802 Salt Lake City. UT 84111-6741 801-530-6628 fax: 801-530-6511 e-mail: dan. TX 78755-0700 512-454-4674 fax: 512-454-0339 e-mail: diane.txcc.gov www.virginia.dpor.O.us www.vtprofessionals.org Virginia Board of Barbers & Cosmetology 3600 West Broad Street Richmond.virginia.tx.O.state.us Utah Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing Department of Commerce 160 East 300 South P.gov www.us www.state. VA 23230 804-367-8509 fax: 804-367-6295 e-mail: barbercosmo@dpor.
wa.drl.htm West Virginia Board of Barbers and Cosmetologists 1716 Pennsylvania Avenue #7 Charleston.wi. Box 8935 Madison.us www.us www.us Wyoming State Board of Cosmetology Hansen Building—East 2515 Warren Avenue. Box 9026 Olympia.us west Virginia wisconsin wyoming 177 .O. 42 fax: 608-267-3816 e-mail: dorl@drl.O.wy.dol. WA 98507-9026 206-586-6359 fax: 360-664-2550 e-mail: plssunit@dol. WV 25302 304-558-2924 fax: 304-558-3450 e-mail: email@example.com. WI 53703-3935 608-266-5511 ext.wvbc Wisconsin Department of Regulation and Licensing 1400 East Washington Avenue P.state.org/bph.–C osmetology Boards By state– STATe washington CoNTACT INForMATIoN Washington State Department of Licensing Division of Professional Licensing 405 Black Lake Boulevard P.gov www.state.gov/plss/cosfcont.org www.wa. WY 82002 307-777-3534 fax: 307-777-3681 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Suite 302 Cheyenne.wi.
– notes – .
– notes – .
– notes – .
– notes – .
– notes – .
– notes – .