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WhyTaguchiMethodTip5

# WhyTaguchiMethodTip5

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# Why/When is Taguchi Method Appropriate?

Tip #5
Taguchi Method
Appropriate Signal-to-Noise Ratio for Signal-toQuality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value

Friday, 18th May 2001

Tip #5

Taguchi Method
Appropriate Signal-to-Noise Ratio
for Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value

(next 7 slides)

Friday, 18th May 2001

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value
 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for smaller-the-better smaller-the± quality characteristics is usually an undesired output, for example  Defects like pin holes, particulates in deposition processes  Unwanted by-product or side effect

 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for LARGER-THE-BETTER LARGER-THE± quality characteristics is usually a desired output, for example  Bond strength  Critical Current

 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for NOMINAL-the-best NOMINAL-the± quality characteristics is usually a nominal output, for example
 most parts in mechanical fittings have nominal dimensions  Ratios of chemicals or mixtures are nominally the best type.  Thickness should be uniform in deposition /growth /plating /etching..

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value
 But what about quality characteristics that approach an ideal value?
± Examples are
 Efficiency : all efficiencies approach the ideal value of 100%  Weld strength : approaches the ideal strength of the material  Critical temperature or Critical current density for High Temperature superconductors (YBCO) : These approach ideal values, say 92K and 108 A/cm2

 Which SN-Ratio is most suitable among the following ? SN± smaller-the-better smaller-the± LARGER-THE-BETTER LARGER-THE± NOMINAL-the-BEST NOMINAL-the-

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value
 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for smaller-the-better smaller-the( quality characteristics is usually an undesired output, say Defects ) ± S/N Ratio
L = ± 10 Log10 ( 1/n

7Y

2 i

)

 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for LARGER-THE-BETTER LARGER-THE( quality characteristics is usually a desired output, say Current )
± S/N Ratio
L = ± 10 Log10 ( 1/n

7 1/Y

2 i

)

 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for NOMINAL-the-best ( quality characteristics is usually a nominal output, say Diameter ) ± S/N Ratio

L=

10 Log10 ( Q / W )

2

2

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value

 Generally, we would state that this value should be ³LARGER-THE-BETTER´  However, there exists an IDEAL value!!!
 QUESTION still IS ³Which SN-Ratio is most suitable among the following ?´ SN± LARGER-THE-BETTER

± smaller-the-better ± Nominal-the-best

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value

 Reword the SN-Ratio for smaller-the-better to indicate µthe approach to IDEAL value¶ by saying ³Smaller-the-difference-from-IDEAL-the³Smaller-the-difference-from-IDEAL-the-better´
 Taguchi¶s SN-Ratio for smaller-the-better is now modified smaller-the( for quality characteristics approaching IDEAL output ) ± S/N Ratio

L = ± 10 Log10 [ 1/n

7 (YIDEAL- Y ) ]
2
i

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value  If our nominal values are far away from IDEAL value
± SN-Ratio for LARGER-THE-BETTER will give good additivity (prediction and results will match well)

 If our nominal values are already close to IDEAL value
± SN-Ratio for smaller-the-better (the modified form) will give good additivity (prediction and results will match well)

L = ± 10 Log10 [ 1/n

7 (YIDEAL- Y ) 2 ]
i

Taguchi¶s SN Ratio
Quality Characteristics approaching IDEAL value

 SN-Ratio for LARGER-THE-BETTER tends to predict optimistic (LARGER) values
± Sometimes the value exceeds maximum possible value !?

 SN-Ratio for smaller-the-better

(the modified form) always predicts values
pessimistically (LESS than ideal value) 

TRY BOTH, Select one with less ANOVA error
Friday, 18th May 2001

More Tips
16. Taguchi Method
1st Priority : Va ia ce R duction 2nd Priority : Factor Effects

r n

e

Friday, 3rd Aug 2001

15. 14.

³inner´ L9 array with ³outer´ L4 and L9 NoIsE arrays

Friday, 27th July 2001

Taguchi Method
³inner´ L18 array with ³outer´ L4 and L9 NoIsE arrays Friday, 20th July 2001

13.

Taguchi Method
Why/When is Taguchi Method not Appropriate? Friday, 13th July 2001

Tips 12, 11, 10

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12. Taguchi Method
³inner´ L8 array with ³outer´ L4 and L9 NoIsE arrays

Friday, 6th July 2001

11. Taguchi Method
Useful at ALL Life-stages of a Process or LifeProduct

Friday, 29th June 2001

10. Taguchi Method
Performs Process ³centering´ or ³fine tuning´

Friday, 22nd June 2001

Tips 9, 8, 7

More Tips
9. Taguchi Method
Identifies the ³right´ NoIsE factor(s) for Tolerance Design

Friday, 15th June 2001

8. Taguchi Method
Finds best settings to optimize TWO quality characteristics Simultaneously 7.

Friday, 8th June 2001

Taguchi Method
When to select a µLarger¶ OA to perform ³Factorial Experiments´

Friday, 1st June 2001

Tips 6, 5, 4

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6. Taguchi Method
Using Orthogonal Arrays for Generating Balanced Combinations of NoIsE Factors

Friday, 25th May 2001

5. Taguchi Method
Signal-to-Noise Ratio for Quality Characteristics

Friday, 18th May 2001

approaching IDEAL value

4. Taguchi Method
improves " quality ³ at all the life stages at the design stage itself

Friday, 11th May 2001

Tips 3, 2, 1

More Tips
3. Taguchi Method Appropriate for Concurrent Engineering 2. Taguchi Method can study Interaction
between Noise Factors and Control