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- Classification and Function of Relays
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1) A rectangular loop of area A is placed in a region where the magnetic field is perpendicular

to the plane of the loop. The magnitude of the field is allowed to vary in time according to

𝑩 = 𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙 𝒆−𝒕⁄𝝉 , where 𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙 and 𝝉 are constants. The field has the constant value 𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙

for t < 0.

(a) Use Faraday’s law to show that the emf induced in the loop is given by

𝑨𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙 −𝒕/𝝉

𝓔= 𝒆

𝝉

(b) Obtain a numerical value for 𝓔 at t = 4.00 s when A = 0.160 m2, Bmax = 0.350 T, and 𝝉 = 2.00

s.

(c) For the values of A, Bmax, and 𝝉 given in (b), what is the maximum value of 𝓔?

2) An aluminum ring of radius 5.00 cm and resistance 3.00 + 104 (is placed on top of a long air-core

solenoid with 1 000 turns per meter and radius 3.00 cm, as shown in Figure P31.7. Over the area of

the end of the solenoid, assume that the axial component of the field produced by the solenoid is half

as strong as at the center of the solenoid. Assume the solenoid produces negligible field outside its

cross-sectional area. The current in the solenoid is increasing at a rate of 270 A/s.

(a) What is the induced current in the ring? At the center of the ring,

(b) what the magnitude and the direction of the magnetic field produced by the induced current in

the ring?

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

3) Figure P31.20 shows a top view of a bar that can slide without friction. The resistor is 6.00 (

and a 2.50-T magnetic field is directed perpendicularly downward, into the paper. Let l=

1.20 m.

(a) Calculate the applied force required to move the bar to the right at a constant speed of

2.00 m/s.

(b) At what rate is energy delivered to the resistor?

4) The square loop in Figure P31.26 is made of wires with total series resistance 10.0 Ω. It is

placed in a uniform 0.100-T magnetic field directed perpendicularly into the plane of the

paper. The loop, which is hinged at each corner, is pulled as shown until the separation

between points A and B is 3.00 m. If this process takes 0.100 s, what is the average current

generated in the loop? What is the direction of the current?

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

5) For the situation shown in Figure P31.32, the magnetic field changes with time according to

the expression

B = (2.00t 3- 4.00t2+2 0.800)T, and r2 = 2R= 5.00 cm.

(a) Calculate the magnitude and direction of the force exerted on an electron located at

point P2 when t= 2.00 s.

(b) At what time is this force equal to zero?

6) A 40-turn circular coil (radius = 4.0 cm, total resistance = 0.20 Ω) is placed in a uniform magnetic

field directed perpendicular to the plane of the coil. The magnitude of the magnetic field varies

with time as given by B = 50 sin(10 πt) mT where t is measured in s. What is the magnitude of

the induced current in the coil at 0.10 s?

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

a. 50 mA

b. 1.6 A

c. 0.32 A

d. zero

e. 0.80 A

7) A 50-turn circular coil (radius = 15 cm) with a total resistance of 4.0 Ω is placed in a uniform magnetic

field directed perpendicularly to the plane of the coil. The magnitude of this field varies with time

according to B = A sin (αt), where A = 80 µT and α = 50π rad/s. What is the magnitude of the

current induced in the coil at t = 20 ms?

a. 11 mA

b. 18 mA

c. 14 mA

d. 22 mA

e. zero

8) In the arrangement shown, a conducting bar of negligible resistance slides along horizontal, parallel,

frictionless conducting rails connected as shown to a 2.0-Ω resistor. A uniform 1.5-T magnetic field

is perpendicular to the plane of the paper. If L = 60 cm, at what rate is thermal energy being

generated in the resistor at the instant the speed of the bar is equal to 4.2 m/s?

a. 8.6 W

b. 7.8 W

c. 7.1 W

d. 9.3 W

e. 1.8 W

9) A rectangular wire loop (length = 60 cm, width = 40 cm) lies completely within a perpendicular and

uniform magnetic field of magnitude of 0.5 T. If the length of the loop starts increasing at a rate

of 20 mm/s at time t = 0, while the width is decreasing at the same rate, what is the magnitude

of the induced emf at time t = 4.0 s?

a. 6.8 mV

b. 5.2 mV

c. 3.6 mV

d. 8.4 mV

e. 10 mV

10) A 400-turn circular coil (radius = 1.0 cm) is oriented with its plane perpendicular to a uniform

magnetic field which has a magnitude that varies sinusoidally with a frequency of 90 Hz. If the

maximum value of the induced emf in the coil is observed to be 4.2 V, what is the maximum value

of the magnitude of the varying magnetic field?

a. 59 mT

b. 62 mT

c. 65 mT

d. 68 mT

e. 31 mT

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

1) Two long parallel wires each carry a current of 5.0 A directed to the east. The two wires are separated by

8.0 cm. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field at a point that is 5.0 cm from each of the wires?

a. 72 µT

b. 48 µT

c. 24 µT

d. 96 µT

e. 32 µT

2) Two long straight parallel wires separated by a distance of 20 cm carry currents of 30 A and 40 A in

opposite directions. What is the magnitude of the resulting magnetic field at a point that is 15 cm from

the wire carrying the 30-A current and 25 cm from the other wire?

a. 51 µT

b. 33 µT

c. 72 µT

d. 64 µT

e. 46 µT

3) Two long straight wires carry currents perpendicular to the xy plane. One carries a current of 50 A and

passes through the point x = 5.0 cm on the x axis. The second wire has a current of 80 A and passes

through the point y = 4.0 cm on the y axis. What is the magnitude of the resulting magnetic field at the

origin?

a. 200 µT

b. 600 µT

c. 450 µT

d. 300 µT

e. 400 µT

4) Two long parallel wires separated by 5.0 mm each carry a current of 60 A. These two currents are

oppositely directed. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field at a point that is between the two wires

and 2.0 mm from one of the two wires?

a. 2.0 mT

b. 10 mT

c. 8.0 mT

d. 1.6 mT

e. 7.2 mT

5) If a = 2.0 cm, b = 5.0 cm, and I = 20 A, what is the magnitude of the magnetic field at the point P?

a. 4.5 µT

b. 7.5 µT

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

c. 9.0 µT

d. 6.0 µT

e. 3.6 µT

6) The figure shows a cross section of three parallel wires each carrying a current of 15 A. The currents in

wires A and C are out of the paper, while that in wire B is into the paper. If the distance R = 5.0 mm,

what is the magnitude of the force on a 4.0-m length of wire C?

a. 90 mN

b. 54 mN

c. 30 mN

d. 18 mN

e. 36 mN

7) A long solenoid (n = 1 200 turns/m, radius = 2.0 cm) has a current of a 0.30 A in its winding. A long wire

carrying a current of 20 A is parallel to and 1.0 cm from the axis of the solenoid. What is the magnitude

of the resulting magnetic field at a point on the axis of the solenoid?

a. 0.60 mT

b. 0.85 mT

c. 52 µT

d. 0.40 mT

e. 0.75 mT

8) Which diagram correctly shows the magnetic field lines created by a circular current loop in which

current flows in the direction shown?

a b c d e

9) Two parallel and coaxial current loops of radius a are placed a distance 2L apart. The current in each ring

circulates in the same direction. At a point on the axis half way between the loops the magnetic field in T

has magnitude

a. 0.

b.

.

c.

.

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

d.

.

e.

.

10) Three coplanar parallel straight wires carry equal currents I as shown below. The current in the outer

wires is directed to the right, and that in the middle wire is directed to the left. Each pair of wires is a

distance a apart. The direction of the magnetic force on the middle wire

b. is down into the plane of the wires.

c. is in the plane of the wires, directed upwards.

d. is in the plane of the wires, directed downwards

e. cannot be defined, because there is no magnetic force on the middle wire.

1) A particle (q = 5.0 nC, m = 3.0 µg) moves in a region where the magnetic field has components Bx = 2.0

mT, By = 3.0 mT, and Bz = −4.0 mT. At an instant when the speed of the particle is 5.0 km/s and the

direction of its velocity is 120° relative to the magnetic field, what is the magnitude of the acceleration of

the particle?

a. 33 m/s2

b. 17 m/s2

c. 39 m/s2

d. 25 m/s2

e. 45 m/s2

2) A particle (mass = 2.0 mg, charge = −6.0 µC) moves in the positive direction along the x axis with a

velocity of 3.0 km/s. It enters a magnetic field of ( ) mT. What is the acceleration of the

particle?

a. (36 − 27 ) m/s2

b. (−36 + 27 ) m/s2

c. (−24 + 18 ) m/s2

d. (24 − 18 ) m/s2

e. (24 − 27 ) m/s2

3) A straight wire is bent into the shape shown. Determine the net magnetic force on the wire when the

current I travels in the direction shown in the magnetic field .

GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

b. 2IBL in the +z direction

c. 4IBL in the +z direction

d. 4IBL in the −z direction

e. zero

4) What is the kinetic energy of an electron that passes undeviated through perpendicular electric and

magnetic fields if E = 4.0 kV/m and B = 8.0 mT?

a. 0.65 eV

b. 0.71 eV

c. 0.84 eV

d. 0.54 eV

e. 1.4 eV

5) An unusual lightning strike has a vertical portion with a positive current of +400 A upwards. The Earth's

magnetic field at that location is parallel to the ground and has a magnitude of 30 µT. In N, the force

exerted by the Earth's magnetic field on the 25 m-long current is

a. 0.

b. 0.012 N, East.

c. 0.012 N, West.

d. 0.30 N, West.

e. 300 N, East.

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