Steven Caceres Mr.

Briner Bunsen Burner Lab Title: Bunsen Burner Lab: tools of the Physical Scientist

12/15/09 Life Science

Purpose: To learn how to use the Bunsen burner and find the best temperature at which to perform experiments Problem: 1.How do you light and adjust a Bunsen Burner? 2.Where is the hottest part of a burner flame?

Parts of the Bunsen Burner: Barrel where gas and air are mixed Collar adjust the air intake Air intake openings air enters here Gas Flow Valve regulates flow of gas(can also be controlled from table gas valve) y Gas intake tube gas enters burner from table source. y Base supports burner y y y y Materials used: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. spark lighter Bunsen Burner support stand with ring wire screen gloves 250 mL beaker 100mL graduated cylinder metal thermometer

Procedure: Part 1: Lighting the Burner 1. Connect the hose to the table outlet. Clear the area of all flammable objects (including clothing and your hair!) 2. Turn the barrel so that the air intake openings are closed, and then open them three full turns. 3. Close the gas flow valve at the bottom of the burner, and then open it three full

Repeat this procedure for positions B. 5. and D using fresh water each time. ring.C. When the air intake openings are completely closed the flame has a . The Bunsen burner mixes Oxygen with Fuel. Put 100mL of water into the beaker and record the starting temperature of the water on your data sheet. Air control D. Data Table Position Starting Temp. open the gas valve on the table and light the burner. Air Port C. 4.turns. Record all data. 2. Part 2: The Experiment 1. A. Put on your goggles. Barrel B. 5. 3. and wire screen as shown in the photos (see next page). Needle Valve E. Gas inlet F. 3. Position the ring clamp so that the beaker is at the base of the flame (Position A). Label the parts of the Bunsen Burner. A 21 B 21 C D 15 sec 22 23 30 sec 25 25 45 sec 28 28 60 sec 30 29 75 sec 33 34 90 sec 37 36 105 sec 41 40 120 sec 44 42 Questions: 1. Set up the support stand. Heat the water for 2 minutes recording the temperature every 15 seconds. Adjust the barrel so that the flame is pale blue with a dark blue inner cone. Base 2. 4.

And I have even discovered which temperature is best to conduct other chemical experiments. or D. C. Conclusion: By conducting simple tests with the Bunsen burner. B.purple color. The hottest part is B. where is the hottest part of the flame? Position A. 4. I have become more familiar with how to use the Bunsen burner. . According to your results.

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