IV

Rotating Machines and Electromagnetic Devices

A. Rotating Machines

Table of Contents

Synchronous Machines Synchronous Generator Equivalent Circuit Model Synchronous Reactance

Power and Torque Characteristics Power Factor Control

Salient Pole Synchronous Machines Power Transfer in Salient Pole Machine

Induction Machines Standstill operation Running Operation Equivalent Circuit

Approximate Equivalent Circuit No-Load Test, and Locked-Rotor Test Performance Characteristics

Sync-I Sync-4 Sync-5 Sync-7 Sync-I 5 Sync-25 Sync-28 Sync-33 I-I

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(e)

FIGURE 6.14

Equivalent circuit of a synchronous machine.

(a)

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FIGURE 6.15

(e)

Open-circuit and short-circuit characteristics. (a) Circuit for open-circuit test (b) Circuit E h rt-ci .

test. (c) Characteristics. . or SO-CIrCUIt

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(a)

(b)

(el

(d)

R' }

2

R2 = a2~

s s

R'

-f (l - s)

,

FIGURE 5.13

(e)

Development of the induction machine equivalent circuit.

.J~p

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~ L) e- .. ~. (22_- - L [0 K L C )]

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I 2
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2 t
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VI I R'
I 2 VI
Rc I s
J
r
p.g~
I 12+ I

I R2

I -

I 8

I

I

(II)

(b)

FIGURE 5.14

Approximate equivalent circuit.

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~ lR~~~ ~~Jl.. V, ~ J '1(NA<."''';~ '!'fr-

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;.f -7 five c~~j.,j ~ja..-r:M'

J-jL

Air: gap

FIGURE 5.15

IEEE·recommended equivalent circuit.

:Z-/3

Air r gap r

FIGURE 5.16

Thevenin equivalent circuit.

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hO

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LIZ t· 2..-

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7-)7

(a) No-load equivalent circuit based on Fig. 5.15

(b) Blocked-rotor equivalent circuit based on Fig. 5.15

R

x

(c) Blocked-rotor equivalent circuit for improved value for R2

FIGURE E5.3

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R" T( X2- --f' XM'I)

~~ x~ ...,X"" >'> It ~

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L/L I '

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_- --

(CJ

V

I

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(

:: 0.17 ~

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I fill\. f\I t..

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L fl.. '3 X It( d "L-

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I

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I "'" - Lj2_

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(b)

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In ::::. 3;< \l3 x. J} 71 x Cro ).7 = 70, r: KttJ

~~ l-

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J (I (A (sf)

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J-l-L

T

Brake

(Plugging) Motor

FIGURE 5.17

Torque-speed profile at different voltages.

T

FIGURE 5.18

Torque-speed characteristics for -!_ _ ___.!______L---'---,,"--_ n varying H2o

%-+1.- ~~

F~ -!lv-..e~N...J.gj CA~

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2-27

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