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# Course in FEM – ANSYS Classic

FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

FEM - ANSYS Classic
• Lecture 1 - Introduction: – Introduction to FEM – ANSYS Basics – Analysis phases – Geometric modeling – The first model: Beam model Lecture 2 - Preprocessor: – Geometric modeling – Specification of Element type, Real Constants, Material, Mesh – Frame systems – Truss systems – Element tables Lecture 3 - Loads: – Boundary conditions/constraints/supports – Loads – Mesh attributes, meshing – Sections Lecture 4 – 2D plane models : – 2D Plane Solid systems – Geometric modeling – Postprocessing Lecture 5 – Analysis types: – Analysis types – Modal analysis – Buckling analysis

FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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• Lecture 6 – 3D Solids:
– 3D solid models – Booleans – Meshing issues

Lecture 7 – 3D Modeling:

Lecture 8 – Analysis types:
– Analysis types – Postprocessing – TimeHistProc

• •

Lecture 9 – Workbench basics:
– Workbench basics – Geometric modeling

Lecture 10 – Workbench analysis:
– Workbench analysis types

FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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g.Solution phases Analysis Type – specify the character of the problem Define Loads – apply loads to the element model Solve – run the solution process. Esbjerg Loads -1 Known load vector ndof x 1 4 . for linear static systems solve (Gaussian elimination) for the unknown displacements: The global stiffness Unknown displacement vector ndof x 1 matrix [K]: ndof = total number of nodes x number degrees of freedom per node [K]{D} = {R} → {D} = [K] {R} Known global stiffness matrix ndof x ndof FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. e. AAU.

Solution Menu The Solution menu will be either “abridged” or “unabridged. AAU. The abridged menu contains only those solution options that are valid and/or recommended for modal analyses.” depending on the actions you took prior to this step in your ANSYS session. FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 5 .

Esbjerg Loads 6 . (If it is not possible for you to use an option in the current analysis. transient. AAU. Only those options that are valid and/or recommended for the current analysis type appear. for you to use them in the current analysis. or buckling analysis. For example. if you are performing a static analysis. regardless of whether it is recommended.Solution Menu • If you are using the GUI to perform a structural static. FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. modal. They list only those options that apply to the type of analysis that you are performing. the option is listed but is grayed out. the Modal Cyclic Sym option does not appear on the abridged Solution menu.) – Abridged Solution menus are simpler. or even possible. you have the choice of using abridged or unabridged Solution menus: – Unabridged Solution menus list all solution options.

convections. infinite surface • Electric: electric potentials (voltage). pressures. heat flow rates. infinite surface • Fluid: velocities. electric charges. AAU. internal heat generation. source current density. magnetic flux. gravity • Thermal: temperatures. electric current. infinite surface • Magnetic: magnetic potentials. charge densities. magnetic current segments. temperatures (for thermal strain).Types of loads • Structural: displacements. pressures FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 8 . forces.

Applying Displacement loads FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 10 . AAU.

AAU. Esbjerg Loads 11 .Applying Force/Moment loads FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.

Application of loads • Most loads are applied either – on the solid model (on keypoints. and areas) or – on the finite element model (on nodes and elements) FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. AAU. Esbjerg Loads 13 . lines.

– There is no need to worry about constraint expansion. You can simply select all desired nodes and specify the appropriate constraints. unless only a few nodes or elements are involved. because you can apply loads directly at master nodes. AAU. Esbjerg Loads 15 . – Applying loads by graphical picking is inconvenient. • Disadvantages – Any modification of the finite element mesh invalidates the loads.Finite element loads • Advantages – Reduced analyses present no problems. requiring you to delete the previous loads and re-apply them on the new mesh. FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.

Esbjerg Loads 16 .DOF Constraints FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. AAU.

prescribed temperatures in a thermal analysis. Esbjerg Loads 17 .DOF Constraints • A DOF constraint fixes a degree of freedom (DOF) to a known value. Examples of constraints are specified displacements and symmetry boundary conditions in a structural analysis. AAU. and flux-parallel boundary conditions FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.

if you repeat a DOF constraint on the same degree of freedom. the new specification replaces the previous one.DOF Constraints • Applying Symmetry or Antisymmetry Boundary Conditions • Transferring Constraints – To transfer constraints that have been applied to the solid model to the corresponding finite element model • Resetting Constraints – By default. Esbjerg Loads 18 . AAU. You can change this default to add (for accumulation) or ignore • Scaling Constraint Values FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.

AAU. Esbjerg Loads 19 .Forces (Concentrated Loads) FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.

AAU. and current segments in a magnetic field analysis FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 20 . Examples are forces and moments in a structural analysis.Forces (Concentrated Loads) • A force is a concentrated load applied at a node in the model. heat flow rates in a thermal analysis.

Esbjerg Loads 21 . AAU. You can change this default to add (for accumulation) or ignore • Scaling Force Values • Transferring Forces FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. the new specification replaces the previous one. if you repeat a force at the same degree of freedom.Forces (Concentrated Loads) • Repeating a Force – By default.

AAU.Surface Loads FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 22 .

Examples are pressures in a structural analysis and convections and heat fluxes in a thermal analysis FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.Surface Loads • A surface load is a distributed load applied over a surface. AAU. Esbjerg Loads 23 .

For example. AAU. if you repeat a surface load at the same surface. etc. • Transferring Surface Loads • Using Surface Effect Elements to Apply Loads – to apply a surface load that the element type you are using does not accept. radiation specifications on thermal solid elements. FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. the new specification replaces the previous one. Esbjerg Loads 24 .Surface Loads • Specifying a Gradient Slope • Repeating a Surface Load – By default. you may need to apply uniform tangential (or any non-normal or directed) pressures on structural solid elements.

Pressure Loads on Beams Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Pressure > On Beams Select the line Enter 10 Press OK to finish FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 25 . AAU.

AAU. Esbjerg Loads 26 .Body Loads FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics.

Examples are temperatures and fluences in a structural analysis.Body Loads • A body load is a volumetric or field load. and current densities in a magnetic field analysis FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. Esbjerg Loads 27 . heat generation rates in a thermal analysis. AAU.

Esbjerg Loads 28 .Body Loads • Specifying Body Loads for Elements • Specifying Body Loads for Keypoints • Specifying Body Loads on Lines. Areas and Volumes • Specifying a Uniform Body Load • Repeating a Body Load Specification – By default. the new specification replaces the previous one. • Transferring Body Loads • Scaling Body Load Values FEM – ANSYS Classic Computational Mechanics. if you repeat a body load at the same node or same element. AAU.