You are on page 1of 13

# 8-5 Circular Function Graphs

## Unit 8 Trigonometric and Circular Functions

Concepts and Objectives
 Graphs of other circular functions (Obj. #30)
 Graph the tangent and cotangent functions

##  Graph the cosecant function

Graphing Tangent and Cotangent

##  Recall that tan s = y . Because x can be 0, the function

x
will be undefined whenever x = 0, which occurs when
π 3π
s= , , etc.
2 2
 Therefore, the function y = tan x has vertical asymptotes
at these values. This means that the period of the
function is π.
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 Consider a table for y = tan x:
x y
π
− undef.
2
π
− –1
4
0 0
π
1
4
π
undef.
2
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 We can see the repeat as we expand the domain.
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 The cotangent function is a shifted reflection of the
tangent:
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 To graph y = a tan bx or y = a cot bx, with b > 0,
π
 Determine the period, . To locate two adjacent
b
vertical asymptotes, solve the following for x:
π π
 For y = a tan bx: bx = − and bx =
2 2
 For y = a cot bx: bx = 0 and bx = π
 Sketch the asymptotes.
 Divide the interval into four parts (3 values of x).
 Evaluate the function at each point.
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 Example: Graph y = tan 2x

a = 1, b = 2

Period: π = π
b 2
π
Asymptotes: 2x = ±
2
π
x=±
4
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 Example: Graph y = tan 2x
The three x-values will be at
π π
x = − , 0,
8 8
x 2x y = tan 2x
π π
− − –1
8 4
0 0 0
π π
1
8 4
Graphing Secant and Cosecant
 Like the tangent, the secant and cosecant are not defined
when the denominator (cos x and sin x) are 0. The
functions, therefore, have vertical asymptotes wherever
that occurs.
 Like the cosine and sine, the secant and cosecant have
periods of 2π.
 We use the cosine and sine to help us position the
reciprocal functions.
Graphing Secant and Cosecant
 Example: Graph y = sec x

##  Graph the reciprocal

function (cos x)
 Sketch the vertical
asymptotes through
the x-intercepts.
 Draw the U-shaped
branches at the peaks
of the graph.
Graphing Secant and Cosecant
3  π
 Example: Graph y = csc  x − 
2  2
3  π
 Graph y = sin  x − 
2  2

 Sketch asymptotes
 Draw the U-shaped
branches at the peaks of
the graph
Homework
 College Algebra (brown book)
 Page 620: 9-30 (×3s), 50-62 (evens)