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8-5 Circular Function Graphs

Unit 8 Trigonometric and Circular Functions


Concepts and Objectives
 Graphs of other circular functions (Obj. #30)
 Graph the tangent and cotangent functions

 Graph the secant function

 Graph the cosecant function


Graphing Tangent and Cotangent

 Recall that tan s = y . Because x can be 0, the function


x
will be undefined whenever x = 0, which occurs when
π 3π
s= , , etc.
2 2
 Therefore, the function y = tan x has vertical asymptotes
at these values. This means that the period of the
function is π.
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 Consider a table for y = tan x:
x y
π
− undef.
2
π
− –1
4
0 0
π
1
4
π
undef.
2
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 We can see the repeat as we expand the domain.
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 The cotangent function is a shifted reflection of the
tangent:
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 To graph y = a tan bx or y = a cot bx, with b > 0,
π
 Determine the period, . To locate two adjacent
b
vertical asymptotes, solve the following for x:
π π
 For y = a tan bx: bx = − and bx =
2 2
 For y = a cot bx: bx = 0 and bx = π
 Sketch the asymptotes.
 Divide the interval into four parts (3 values of x).
 Evaluate the function at each point.
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 Example: Graph y = tan 2x

a = 1, b = 2

Period: π = π
b 2
π
Asymptotes: 2x = ±
2
π
x=±
4
Graphing Tangent and Cotangent
 Example: Graph y = tan 2x
The three x-values will be at
π π
x = − , 0,
8 8
x 2x y = tan 2x
π π
− − –1
8 4
0 0 0
π π
1
8 4
Graphing Secant and Cosecant
 Like the tangent, the secant and cosecant are not defined
when the denominator (cos x and sin x) are 0. The
functions, therefore, have vertical asymptotes wherever
that occurs.
 Like the cosine and sine, the secant and cosecant have
periods of 2π.
 We use the cosine and sine to help us position the
reciprocal functions.
Graphing Secant and Cosecant
 Example: Graph y = sec x

 Graph the reciprocal


function (cos x)
 Sketch the vertical
asymptotes through
the x-intercepts.
 Draw the U-shaped
branches at the peaks
of the graph.
Graphing Secant and Cosecant
3  π
 Example: Graph y = csc  x − 
2  2
3  π
 Graph y = sin  x − 
2  2

 Sketch asymptotes
 Draw the U-shaped
branches at the peaks of
the graph
Homework
 College Algebra (brown book)
 Page 620: 9-30 (×3s), 50-62 (evens)

 Turn in: 12, 24, 30, 50, 60