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Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton

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Published by: Rudy Rice on Apr 12, 2011
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Isaac Newton

Mr. Shepp Hour 8
Rudy Rice

At only age three Newton s mother sent him to live with his grandmother while she went to live with her second husband. Newton created many working models as a child including a fully functioning windmill. He never knew his father as he had died. When Newton reached the age of eighty he began to suffer from incontinence due to problems with his bladder. He was said to be as small as to be able to fit into a quartpot. He frequently made trips to visit his mother and eagerly read books from his step-father s extensive library. He also had several bladder stones that caused him great pain. 1727 Newton blacked out. physics. astronomy. On March 19. Researchers speculate this may contribute to the fact that he was very emotionally complex and was apt to attack both his friends and enemies. After his mother was . His childhood was troubling but he quickly moved onto becoming a great scientist. Newton s funeral was attended by many great figures of the time and his coffin was carried by noblemen. 1642. He made some of the greatest advances in mathematics and astronomy ever. After Newton moved in with his grandparents he was sent to the nearby King s College. Newton s grandparents were strict puritans. in fact.Newton was perhaps one of the greatest scientists of all time. prematurely. perhaps explaining Newton s strong attachment to religion. and making huge advances in math. and never regained consciousness. going to a university. and chemistry. Newton was born on Christmas day. In 1725 Newton contracted gout and the following year suffered hemorrhoids. there was a period after his time in which little new discoveries were made. Newton floundered early on in school and was thought to be dumb. He died the next day in London. Newton strongly hated his stepfather and when his mother did finally return home after the death of her second husband Newton was denied the love and attention of his mother yet still. But soon after he took interest in the local apothecary Newton s interest in his studies greatly increased. His diet became restricted and he began to only eat vegetables and broth. including the bible.

before his twenty seventh birthday. Newton studied at Cambridge intent on becoming a minister. Not long after his publication of the Principia. against all odds he was awarded the seat at a very young age. was appointed to be the position of Warden and then Master of the Mint. After a second nervous breakdown Newton. he also basically discovered the method of calculus. Because of his newfound power he was able to organize and publish his first paper on the study of color. Newton s interest in mathematics can be said to have been founded early on when he quickly read and mastered Descartes Géométrie. Because of Newton s history at Cambridge he was able to attain a seat quite easily. which he kept for his whole life. after he had obtained his Master of Arts degree. But without these high positions Newton would have had some trouble communicating his discoveries to the world. In 1969 he succeeded Isaac Barrow as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. with the help of a fellow Cambridge member. His idea of direct and inverse method of fluxions is basically a mathematical . Newton returned to his home where he continued his studies. he was moved to a major fellow position. As president of the Royal Society Newton dominated the world of science and had much to do with all of the Society s actions until his death. His mother reluctantly agreed and Newton was soon accepted and left for college. yet he was perturbed by the fact that recent scientific discoveries were being ignored. Newton found these jobs very fitting and left Cambridge with no regrets. During Newton s years of working at home while the plague ravaged Europe Newton made many fundamental discoveries in Algebra and Geometry. in 1689. the year before the Black Death swept across England. His teacher saw Newton s potential and begged for him to apply for Cambridge University. new ways to expand infinite series. Newton graduated in 1665. Newton was elected to represent Cambridge in Parliament. He discovered the binomial theorem. Once the University was reopened in 1667 Newton returned and applied to be a minor fellow of Trinity. The next year.widowed for the second time he was pulled home to help run the farm and take care of his younger siblings. and basic calculus.

Because of Newton s advances in physics he was also able to make advances in in the way we are able to study astronomy. Though Hooke came up with this amazing insight his skill in mathematics never paralleled Newton s ability. These discoveries were the beginnings of the understanding of how the world can be calculated and understood with physics. Newton not only made great discoveries in mathematics but also great advances in physics. Newton s studies into mathematics extended from 1664 to 1696. Newton s predecessors had early ideas of what Newton discovered. In these letters Hooke stated his hypothesis that the moon orbited the Earth with a tangential motion acted upon by an attracting force. Newton invented the reflecting telescope. Halley himself helped pay for the publication of Newton s Principia. Isaac Newton may not have discovered any new planets but he radically changed the way we view them. . Through working together with Hooke as Newton once said We build too many walls and not enough bridges . not only did Newton expand on what his predecessors but he created generalized and rigorous methods. Newton devised experiments to attempt and find the mysterious force that constrained the moon to an elliptical orbit. In 1679 and early 1680 Hooke began correspondence with Newton regarding his hypothesis in Attempt to Prove the Motion of the Earth. but his mathematics were too imprecise and he left the problem. meaning that they used a magnification lens to bend light and enhance the image. explaining the elliptical motion of the Moon.Halley visited Cambridge in 1684 and was delighted to see that Newton had already demonstrated the relation between the Earth s attraction and the Moon s elliptical orbit. a telescope that utilizes a mirror instead of a lens to magnify images.way to calculate changing and flowing quantities. Even though the myth of Newton and the apple may be true evidence exists that Newton was not the one who originally came up with the idea that the Earth and the Moon attracted each other. Traditional telescopes used during Newton s time period were lens powered. refracting telescopes.

and after a religious struggle within Cambridge. The real genius of Newton s telescope was that it allowed him to view and study the heavens much easier. It stated Newton s three laws of motion and his Universal Law of Gravitation. slowing down light more in some areas than in others.Opticksoutlined Newton s studies on light and color. It is widely considered one of the most important scientific papers ever written. Though Newton wasn t a very social kind of man he still published many famous works of science. Newton s main goal in this field was to discover a connection between the spirits he believed in and chemistry. Newton moved on to Chemistry and Alchemy. it radically changed the way we view the world and understand physics. The PrincipiawasNewton s definitive paper on physics and gravity. Newton s other major paper. His two most revolutionary and well known works are the Principia and Opticks.The problem with a refracting telescope is the fact that the lens is bent at the edges. Newton described how he discovered that color was a property of light. After Newton had exhausted his research in physics and mathematics. not matter. Reflecting telescopes can also be built much easier and much larger. Newton claimed that he was the first to invent the reflecting telescope but in fact an Italian monk and physicist named NiccoloZucchi was the first man to invent it. Today we can make lenses that have to distortion but the weight of the glass bends the lens. He also touched on the fact of light being diffracted as it passed through a medium such as air. Newton believed that spirits were at the center of the amazing chemical changes that could occur in the world. . creating a distorted image. Isaac Newton didn t publish a large number of works as he wasn t a very social person. and that God was at the center of the mess of alchemy and life. Newton interpreted the bible and scripture believing that there were secrets long lost hidden in the text. Newton believed in a world where science and religion blended. allowing him to study gravity and prove the Universal Law of Gravitation.

Newton was known to be such a great scientist that all scientists after him felt that they couldn t live up to Newton. Many scientists attempted to follow in Newton s footsteps but were unable to live up to the amazing scientist s name he had made for himself. No one dared to even check his math after his death and little or no new discoveries were made. Newton made discoveries and defended his beliefs at a time when little discoveries were being made. Newton greatly changed the way we view the world. Without Newton life as we know it today would most likely be drastically different. We might have still believed that objects slowed down because they got tired. science wouldn t be the same today if it weren t for him. Newton s laws have stood the test of time so well that our scientists today still base their experiments and studies off of his. Newton made such great advances beyond his time it took humanity a while to catch up in new ideas and technology to discover and invent.After Newton s death an effect known as Newton s Shadow occurred. .

dcs.d. Kalif.sciseek.d. 31 3 2011 <http://www.clas.ufl.Bibliography Hall. Isaac Newton's Life. n.stand. n. . Abhihit. Naik.buzzle. JJ O'Connor.htm>.html>. 31 3 2011 <http://www.uk/newtlife.newton.com/2008/09/16/how-newtons-telescope-changed-the-world/>. E. n.html>. 4 3 2011 <http://blog. Hatch. 31 3 2011 <http://www-groups. Sir Isaac Newton Quotes.ac. Robertson. Dr.d. Alfred Rupert. Sir Isaac Newton.ac.d.com/articles/sir-isaacnewton-quotes. Robert. Sir Isaac Newton.d. Will.html>. How Newton's Telescope Changed the World. n. F. n.uk/~history/Biographies/Newton. 31 3 2011 <http://www.edu/users/ufhatch/pages/01courses/current-courses/08sr-newton.

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