DIFFERENT TYPES OF KNITTING MACHINES AND ITS FUNCTIONS
A knitting machine is a device used to create knitted fabrics in a semi- or fully automated fashion. There are numerous types of knitting machines, ranging from the simple, nonmechanical, to the highly complex and electronic. All, however, produce various types of knitted fabrics, usually either flat or tubular, and of varying degrees of complexity. Pattern stitches can be selected by hand manipulation of the needles, or with push-buttons and dials, mechanical punch cards, or electronic pattern reading devices and computers. Types Advertisement for a late 19th century hosiery firm that depicts its factory floor with workers using knitting machines. Published 1886. A few simple devices permit knitting without needles for toy or hobby purposes. The simplest of these is spool knitting, followed by knitting boards or knitting looms, which consist of two rows of pins mounted in two parallel rows approximately 0.5 inches (1.3 cm) apart. Yarn is wound around the pins; various patterns of winding produce different textured knitting. A needle or special tool is then used to transfer the loops of yarn from around the pins, either off the pins or to other pins, to produce the knitting. Knitting boards can produce complex designs. Other semi-mechanical knitting devices are available. To produce larger and more complex knitted items such as garments, domestic and industrial machines, with either flat or circular beds that produce rectangular or tubular fabrics are needed. Double bed machines have two flat beds facing each other, in order to produce purl and plain rib fabrics plus a variety of multi patterns. Ribbing attachments can be added to single bed machines to achieve a similar result. Late 20th century domestic/studio models typically use up to 200 latch-hook needles to hold the stitches in fine (the rarest and most expensive), standard or bulky gauge needle. A carriage or cam box is passed across the bed of needles causing the needle movements required to produce each next stitch. By means of various selection methods, e.g. punch cards, particular needles can be caused to travel by alternate pathways through the cam box. Thus needles will knit or not, and the non-knitted yarn portions will lie under (slip stitch) or over the needle or be held in the needle hook (tuck stitch). Needles can be placed in holding position to allow short row shaping. In the most modern machines, punch cards have been replaced by computer control. Most of these machines can knit two-colour Fair Isle patterns automatically, and have machine stitch patterning features such as plating and knit weaving. Plating refers to knitting with two strands of yarn that are held in such a way that one is in front of the
2 other. Plated effects can be particularly striking in a ribbed fabric. Knit weaving refers to a technique in which a separate piece of yarn, often heavier than the knitted fabric, is carried along and caught between stitches to produce an effect like weaving. With knit, woven fabric, the purl side (usually the wrong side) is the right side of the fabric. With the addition of a lace carriage, stitches can be transferred from one needle to the next. The yarn passes through a tensioning mechanism and down through the knit carriage, which feeds the yarn to the needles as they knit. Domestic knitting machines use the weft knitting method which produces a fabric similar to hand knitting. Knitting proceeds more quickly than in hand knitting, where (usually two) straight needles are held in the hand and each stitch is manipulated individually across the row. Knitting machines work an entire row of loops in a single movement. A hobbyist spool knitting machine operates on a crank.
A flatbed home knitting machine.
Comparison to hand knitting The fabric produced using a knitting machine is of a more even texture than handknitted fabric, which is particularly noticeable on large areas of plain stockinette stitch, and can be an advantage. Some stitch patterns (e.g., tuck stitches) are much easier to produce with a knitting machine. Others (e.g. garter stitch) can also be produced with machine knitting but can take a little longer but still much faster than hand knitting. The standard gauge 200-needle machine can knit the finest yarns up to a good sport-weight, while the heavier yarns knit better on a mid-gauge or bulky knitting machine. Machine knitting saves a considerable amount of time but does require learning to operate the machines correctly. Most if not all hand knitting patterns can be worked up on a machine, either identically or in a similar design.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF KNITTING MACHINE 1. Knitting Machine
\Radiator hose knitting machine for band hose 1. Circular Knitting Machine
We are making available circular knitting machines that are suitable for knitting of yarns into finer quality fabrics. The range is adjustable for textile knitting width without any location limited. Further, it has outstanding degree of automation and optimum coordination of functional sequences that cuts down the necessity of manual settings to the minimum.
Italian based Pilotelli produces presently a wide range of single knit machines suitable for the production of different kind of fabric and different models of double knit machines. 3. Automatic Jigger
We manufactre jigger machines which are best suited for the application with woven, knitted and other types of fabrics. 4.Circular Knitting Machines Leveraging on years of experience, we are offering circular knitting machines which are extensively used in the textile and garment industries all across the globe. Also, these machines are stringently tested at several parameters to assure their quality standards. Apart from this, these machines are incorporated with more than 2 knitting tools to make the fabric. 6. Knitting Machines We offer qualitative knitting machines to clients .These knitting machines are widely used to produce different types of knitted fabrics, normally tubular or flat and of varying degrees of complexity. Our knitting machines are available with hand attachment. We can provide customized solution to our knitting machine. 7. Semi Computerized Flat Knitting Machines We offer semi computerized flat knitting machine that are durable and easy to operate. It has great precision capability and offer higher production. It different parameters setting make knitting more accurate and its three step design make knitting more creative. This machine is easy to handle and operate. It is capable of creating combination of patterns. 8. Warp Knitting Machine We are providing warp knitting machines with parallel weft insertion, that is ideal for the production of high-strength textile structures and grids. These knitting machines are extensively used in sports articles, lingerie, home textiles, automotive textiles and semi technical textiles. We are also offering multi axial and biaxial machines for fiberglass and carbon composites
4 9. Glove Knitting Machine We offer wide range of Glove Knitting Machine 10. Fast Knit Braiding Machine We offer a wide range of fast knit braiding machine that is fabricated as per the client’s requirements. Our range is available in varied models such as SMB 6 and is widely used in different industries such as readymade garments, shoe lace cord, zipper cord, drawing strings, fiber class rope, Venetians blind rope and jumbo bags. Our range is available at the market leading prices and has the following specifications: more... Hitech Engineering 11. Single Jersey Knitting Machine This model has been developed and designed to knit high quality single three-end fleece fabric at higher production rate having three feeders per diametrical inch. Additional cams enable this machine to knit tuck fleece fabric in addition to three-end fleece fabric. 12. Cap & Scarf Knitting Diameter of Cylinder 8 or 9 Needles 192 ~ 360 RPM 40 ~ 70 Supply Voltage 380V , 50Hz Power 1.5 KW 13. Circular Knitting Machine The machine is counter part of weaving looms as it is used in manufacture of fabrics by intermeshing the yarns. The circular machine has yarn creel where yarn packages are mounted. The yarn the passes through series of moving needles which are governed & cylinder &cam. 14. Scanner Control System 15. Hose Knitting Machine Available with us is a range of Hose Knitting Machine that finds application in different textile industries for knitting various types of yarns. The hose knitting machine has electronic top tensions, that makes it easier to thread the yarn through. Our range of hose knitting machines is available at industry leading machine. 16. Knitting Machines (K-Series Ultra High Speed) 17. Yuvraj Merch X
5 18. Hand Knitting Machines 19. Hose Knitting Machine Hose Knitting is a recent concept in automobile radiator hose technology. Penguin Hose Knitting Machines are indigenously designed and Penguin are the only indigenous manufacturers of these machines in India and one among the very few manufacturers in the world. • This machine is characterised by high productivity, simplicity and excellent performance. • The hoses manufactured by this machine are far superior to conventionally wrapped hoses in strength, appearance and durability. • This machine is used for the manufacture of all types of bent hoses, curved hoses and hoses of various diameters used in automobiles. 20. Handle Knitting Machine Semi Automatic or Non Automatic Stainless Steel Bed Sewing Machine This model is having many extra accessories. stainless steel bed with different type of manufacturing. 200 needles bed with 4.5mm pitch. different patterns with knitting dial. plating yarn feeder and carriage release mechanism provided. Can knit patterns for intarsia in two or more colours by knitting dial & side liver. capable of knitting plain, holding fairsle, zig-zag, slip and plating designs. can knit 2-6 cotton, wool or acrylic yarns. lace patterns can be knitted manual 21. Fast Knit Braiding Machine Fast knit braiders are used for making cords which looks like braiding but it is knit braid i.e. knitting cum braiding. We have designed this range to produce cord upto 200 meters per hour depends upon picks of solid or multi color cord with or without filler. You can make laces for shoes, sneakers and boots. Drawstring for sports wear, tubular and flat fashion trimmings for ready made garments, Decorative cords etc. These machines are available in 4, 6 and 8 needles in 12 gauge needles. The machines are noiseless and fed directly from cones so it does not requires any bobbin filling. Stop motion fitted for yarn breakage 22. High Performance Full Gear Driven Four Track Rib Knitting Machine (Rt-Rib) our company in order to meet the demand of the market, we have successfully introduced, after continuous development and design, the high-speed rib knitting machine the rt-rib expecting to set a new trend in the knitting industry with it. 23. High Speed Inter Lock Circular Knitting Machine
6 Eight Lock Knitting Machine Plain Interlock Machine Rib Interlock Knitting Machine Basic 2 Track/4 Track Cylinder ( Taiwan Made ) Positive Storage Yarn Feeder Automatic Lubricator A.C. Motor Side Creel Tool. 24. Rotary Wire Knitting Machine This model is a versatile high speed core knitting machine. It has been designed to knit fine wires around a core which can be of solid mesh, neoprene, tubular rubber hose, ceramic rope and others. It will also knit a flattened finished mesh without a core. Products include high temperature seals, RFI/ EMI screening seals and screened coaxial cables. The machine can be supplied with interchangeable heads up to 3" (75mm) diameter upto 20". The machine will accommodate wire from 0.05mm diameter to 0.11mm diameter from bobbins upto DIN 125. Core diameter from 3mm to 32mm can be accommodated. The machine has a revolving cam box with two (2) feeds. Over 40mm diameter extra feeds are available. 25. BTZ 8/6 High Speed Cord Knitting Machine We bring for our clients a range of BTZ 8/6 high speed cord knitting machines that are designed and manufactured using sophisticated technology. These machines are used to produce costume tape and mobile hook tape, etc. 26. Laces & Band Knitting Machine 27. High Speed Double Knitting Machine 28. Automatic Socks Knitting Machine 29. Knitting & Sewing Machines It is non-staining. It is completely washable. Fast acting and safe. Removes all carbon and gummy deposits. Eco-friendly cleaner. more... Synol 30. New Fancy Yarn/crochet Knitting Machines
We offer high quality new fancy yarn/crochet knitting machin Fabric Unit "sweety fabrics" has a number of circular knitting machines of different worldwide brands. 31. Circular Cord Knitting Machine CIRCULAR CORD KNITTING Model - "CIRKNIT - 8" * Nos. Of head : 8 * Cylinder inside Diameter ( Cord Dia.) 4 to 20mm * Quality of needle : 4 to 30 (Related with cord Dia.) * Picks / cm : 5 to 10 ( By change Gears ) * Electric Motor : 0.5 H.P. ,3 Phase Main Feature *High production crochet type circular knitting for single cord per head *No creel required and cones can be mounted directly on the machine *Study, robust design and of comfortable height. Sewing & Knitting Machinery We design and manufactured different types of the sewing and knitting machinery that are widely used in the various textile industry. These series chain stitch machines are specially designed for knitted garment factories basic functions is ideal formation basic functions is ideal formation of a loop, top cover mechanism features smoother looper motion stitch length regulator push button type. These are offered in the leading industrial prices. 32. Zigzag Sewing Machines Our zigzag sewing machines are ideally used for attaching or counter stitching of elastic tape. Even while operating at high speed, the machine can accomplish accurate sewing with multi-functional operation panel. These zigzag sewing machines are tested on various parameters before being supplied to the clients.