CHAPTER 9

Political Parties
0MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Ans: Page: Type: D 198 Conceptual 10. Which of the following statements about political parties in the United States is true? a0. Parties in this country are relatively new, having emerged only after the Civil War. b0. Parties today are relatively strong, but they are not strong in all areas of the country. c0. Parties in this country have never been as strong, or meant as much, as in many European countries. d0. Parties today are relatively weak, but they are not weak in all areas of the country. e0. Parties are relatively strong today although loyalties are spread more widely. The key term in the definition of a political party is a0. organization, with the purpose of giving the party clout. b0. ideology, to provide clear policy choices for the party. c0. label, to give a candidate party identification. d0. nationalism, to create a strong national party. e0. allegiance, to enhance party strength. Party identification among voters is one way of gauging the strength of a party. Another cited by the text is the a0. number of parties that appear on the ballot in a national election. b0. use of a party label or symbol on ballots in municipal elections. c0. strength of the organization that recruits and campaigns for candidates. d0. protection offered to individual parties by the U.S. Constitution. e0. amount of attention given to parties by the media. The federal system goes a long way toward explaining why U.S. parties are ________ than their European counterparts. a0. more ideological b0. less ideological c0. more aggressive d0. more centralized e0. more decentralized

Ans: Page: Type:

C 199 Conceptual

20.

Ans: Page: Type:

C 199 Conceptual

30.

Ans: Page: Type:

E 200 Conceptual

40.

d0. Most Americans separate political parties from other aspects of their lives. e0. d0. Ans: Page: Type: C 201 Factual 90. the success of the electoral college in the first two elections. What role do political parties play in the lives of most Americans? a0. e0. In most states. e0. c0. his experiences with treaties. c0. Ans: Page: Type: C 200 Factual 60. delegations. hiring his or her own campaign organization. Congress reserves the right to select the chief executive of the government. Ans: Page: Type: E 200 Factual 70. party leaders do not typically select people to run for office. winning in the primary election. conventions. c0. . In Europe. party leaders have become less ideological. a and c. being nominated by a member of the executive branch. U. almost the only way a person can become a candidate is by a0. the absence of a strong federal court system. local party leaders rarely have as much power as national ones. George Washington’s view of parties may have been influenced by a0. and this partisanship affects more than just their voting. political parties dominate a variety of associations to which a person may belong. b0.S. the failure of the first national bank. b0. a0. One reason why political parties in the United States today are weaker than in Europe is that. c0. Ans: Page: Type: B 201 Conceptual 80. d0. primary elections. e0. Most Americans are highly partisan in their politics. b0. b0. b0. d0. Fewer Americans than Europeans think of themselves as political independents. being nominated by party leaders. d0.Ans: Page: Type: A 200 Conceptual 50. the constant quarreling between Hamilton and Jefferson in his cabinet. winning a constituency referendum. the people. in the United States. candidates for office are chosen by a0. e0. political parties organizations are highly centralized. c0. party leaders.

instruments through which debate over the legitimacy of the new government could take place. factions motivated by ambition and self-interest. c0. refused to certify votes in dozens of counties. Because political parties during the early years of the republic represented clear. Constitution made clear the dangers of partisanship in government c0. small coalitions based more on geography and class than on common economic interests.Ans: Page: Type: A 201 Conceptual 100. challenged the results of the election in Washington. Some were so distraught by the election of Thomas Jefferson that they a0. organized by the Federalists. bureaucratized.S. Because the U. well organized. organized to have New England secede from the union. effective only in raising money for campaigns. argued for even greater restrictions on suffrage. b0. a means communicating public opinion to the president. an important aspect of democracy. ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. c0. Because disputes over policies and elections were not easily separated from disputes over government legitimacy b0. 120. Ans: Page: Type: E 201 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: A 201 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 202 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 202 Conceptual . prepared constitutional amendments that would radically alter our system of government. raucous party conventions played a major role. d0. b0. 130. homogeneous economic interests e0. The Founders saw political parties as a0. The first organized political party in American history was a0. b0. c0. and well financed. formed under the Articles of Confederation. have been so opposed to political parties? a0. c0. d0. political parties could best be characterized as a0. d0. Because the presidency was vulnerable to the influence of rival factions 110. During the founding period of U. national coalitions which were well organized by impersonal bureaucracies. national coalitions in which large. e0. appropriate for a direct democracy but not for a republic. Because political parties during the early years of the republic were both strong and centralized d0. history. 140. e0. d0. Why should George Washington. made up of the followers of Jefferson. among other Founders of our nation.S. organized by Alexander Hamilton. e0. e0. b0.

e0. from the bottom up. was organized in the 1790s by a0. Thomas Jefferson. on ideological concerns. Alexander Hamilton. d0. In the Jacksonian era. recall elections. 170. National party conventions were developed as a reform of a0. delegates selected by members of the state judiciary. From the Founding to the 1920s c0. when did political parties in the United States develop a comprehensive organizational form and appeal? a0. c0. from the top down. James Madison. Ans: Page: Type: A 201 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 202 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 203 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 202 Factual Ans: Page: Type: D 202-203 Factual . it had such a limited sectional and class base. it refused to campaign in the Northeastern states. presidential candidates were nominated by a0. popular vote from a slate of candidates drawn up by the two national parties. it could not convince Americans to participate in elections. From the time of President Jackson to the Civil War d0. c0. Since the Kennedy administration 160. b0. e0. e0. b0. b0. The Federalist party could not compete effectively in national elections because a0. the electoral college. John Adams. without reference to the interests of voters. 200. Prior to 1824. party caucuses.Ans: Page: Type: C 202-203 Factual 150. its leadership was constantly changing. c0. e0. 180. direct elections. George Washington. d0. election laws minimized the impact of voters in the South. b0. d0. caucuses comprising of members of Congress. on economic interests. Since the New Deal b0. c0. d0. d0. with its base of support in the South. From the Civil War to the 1930s e0. regional party conventions. b0. primary elections. c0. 190. According to the text. delegates selected by state legislatures. e0. The first Republican party. for the first time a party system was built a0.

b0. Old Guards d0. giving some measure of local control to the presidential nominating process. an equal distribution of party power among the states. a faction of the Republican party. e0. a0. c0. 220. Republican d0. Anti-Masonic e0. ratifying the nomination of the party’s candidate for president. One effect of the geographic split in parties that occurred as a consequence of the Civil War was the a0. e0. Labor 230. b0. b0. d0. It emerged as a major party only after the Civil War. d0. The ________. 250. Democratic c0. It was originally called the Antifederalist party. 240. Bull Moose b0. a0. It emerged around 1824 with Andrew Jackson’s first run for the presidency. end of the Democrat-Republican party of Thomas Jefferson. allowing national elections to be held by direct primary rather than by legislative caucus. establishment of national conventions to nominate presidential candidates. Folemen e0. Whigs c0. involving Congress in the process of nominating presidential candidates. emergence of strong party factions such as the mugwumps. stalwarts b0. were opposed to the patronage system and feared the influx of immigrants who could be incorporated into the political machine. None of the above. progressives Ans: Page: Type: D 203 Factual Ans: Page: Type: C 203 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: B 203 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: E 204 Factual . Party conventions emerged during the Jacksonian era as a means of a0. The first Convention in American history was that of the ________ party.Ans: Page: Type: A 203 Conceptual 210. d0. c0. rise to power of Democratic progressives and others who supported free trade. providing the party with a stronger base of support among Protestants. e0. c0. Which of the following statements about the modern Republican party is correct? a0. It was founded by Thomas Jefferson to oppose the policies of Alexander Hamilton.

310. 270. d0. strict voter registration requirements. nonpartisan elections. 1932 and 1984. 1800. d0. citizens a direct say in making laws. The three clearest cases of critical or realigning elections seem to be a0. a0. weaken the power of political parties. 2 b0. 1896 and 1932. 6 300. Procedures such as the initiative and the referendum arose as efforts to give a0. c0. b0. 1865 and 1896. The progressive movement reduced the level of political corruption but ultimately failed to a0. Crime and war c0. 1828. courts a system for prosecuting election fraud. 280. 5 e0. The federal income tax and immigration Ans: Page: Type: E 204 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: B 204 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: D 205 Factual Ans: Page: Type: C 205 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 205-206 Factual . better relations with business. e0. c0. 1984 and 1992. e0. The progressives favored all of the following except a0. b0. end the destructive effect of primary elections. 1896. civil service reform. Congress a way of controlling the president. The electoral college and war debt e0. d0. 290. 3 c0. 1932. Suffrage and state’s rights d0. governors more power in relation to legislatures. e0. c0. solve the problem of how to select candidates.Ans: Page: Type: D 204 Factual 260. b0. Scholars have identified ____ critical or realigning periods in American politics. decentralize political power. 1828 and 1865. c0. b0. Which of the following were major issues in the three clearest cases of critical or realigning periods? a0. party regulars a say in nominating candidates. 1865. e0. primary elections. d0. 4 d0. solve the problem of divided government. Slavery and economics b0.

e0. e0. Dramatic realignments. government printed ballots listed candidates in columns. voter turnout has consistently decreased over the last forty years. c0. 370. in the Midwest and Northeast. b0. they featured low voter turnout. c0.Ans: Page: Type: E 206 Factual 320. in the Midwest. The Democrats carried most of the North. presidential candidates are rarely as popular with the voters as they used to be. party labels have lost their meaning for a growing number of voters. One part of the Democratic party tried to waffle on the issue. d0. a and d. The remnants of the Whig party took no position on slavery in the platform. c0. such as the one that occurred in 1932. The elections of Ronald Reagan could not have represented a realignment because a0. in the far West. may not occur again because a0. In recent elections. d0. The Democrats represented business interests. c0. they did not involve salient economic issues. b0. in the South. b0. e0. Republican governors were rarely reelected. 330. b0. Ticket splitting was almost unheard of in the nineteenth century because a0. Which of the following statements concerning slavery and the election of 1860 is incorrect? a0. e0. incumbents used the perks of office to sway voters. c0. e0. d0. Party loyalities remained fluid after 1860. c0. Which of the following statements about the critical election of 1896 is correct? a0. One part of the Democratic party opposed governmental regulation of slavery. d0. d0. The Republicans carried most of the South. The Republicans categorically opposed slavery. party platforms were rarely consistent. ticket splitting has been most common a0. e0. The Democrats wanted higher tariffs. they left control of Congress in the hands of the Democratic party. 340. Ans: Page: Type: C 206 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 206 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: D 207 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: B 207 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 207 Factual . the electoral college is malapportioned. economic issues rarely dominate presidential campaigns. political parties provided voters with ballots. 350. d0. b0. the vote of the electoral college was actually quite close. The Republicans won the support of those in cities. 360. b0. in the Northeast.

b0. three c0. minor parties c0. Beginning in the 1960s. National selectman d0. c0. a0. legislative caucus b0. while the ________ became more factionalized. Republican party d0.Ans: Page: Type: A 207 Conceptual 380. The national convention meets every _____ years to nominate a presidential candidate. two b0. Precinct captain b0. a0. major parties e0. Republican party. national committee e0. 390. states adopt the office ballot. a0. national party committee c0. a0. rules committee 410. states adopt the party-column ballot. congressional campaign committee 420. This person manages the day-to-day work of the party. congressional campaign committee b0. Democratic party. Democratic party b0. eight 400. major parties. four d0. minor parties. voters can vote for more than one candidate with a single mark. National chairman c0. troika d0. One would generally expect split-ticket voting to occur more often when a0. national party caucus d0. d0. political parties provide voters with ballots. political action committee e0. a0. minor parties Ans: Page: Type: C 208 Factual Ans: Page: Type: D 208 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 208 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 208 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 208 Factual . national caucus c0. National alderman e0. states adopt the Indiana ballot. e0. Republican party. Organizational deputy 430. six e0. Between the national conventions party affairs are managed by a ______________ made up of delegates from each state and territory. the ________ became more bureaucratized. In Congress each party has a _______________ that helps members of Congress who are running for re-election or would-be members seeking election.

Ans: Page: Type: A 209 Factual Ans: Page: Type: C 209 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: E 210 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 210 Factual . e0. e0. b0. loyalty. leaders in the House and Senate. Congress. c0. The state caucus national committee e0. increase the size of the delegations to accommodate all interest groups. b0. d0. state party committees. e0. balance.Ans: Page: Type: E 209 Factual 440. b0. c0. d0. the party’s national committee. Both Democrats and Republicans give extra delegates to loyal states. along with the rules under which they are chosen. 480. Throughout the 1970s. the general thrust of the Democratic rules commissions considering delegate selection was to a0. diversity. The formula reflects a movement to the center by both Democrats and Republicans. is determined by a0. Both Democrats and Republicans give extra delegates to large states. 460. The president b0. independence. decrease intraparty competition for the delegate seats. A party’s national committee 450. weaken the influence of party leaders and enlarge the role of the rank and file. e0. Formulas have had no noticeable impact on the selection of delegates to the conventions. The formula for the selection of delegates to the Republican national convention generally stresses the importance of a0. The number of convention delegates from each state. centralize power within the party and make it less ideological. b0. 470. Leaders in the House and Senate d0. d0. c0. d0. Which of the following statements about the formula by which delegates to the nominating conventions are apportioned is correct? a0. The Democrats and Republicans use different formulas. c0. create a more unified national organization. the party’s congressional campaign committee. Who selects the time and place of the national convention and issues a call for the convention? a0. equality. A select committee on convention affairs c0.

Jacob Javits.000 and over. such as those organized to represent blacks or homosexuals. More of the Republicans were gun owners. More of the Democrats were African Americans. More of the Republicans were born-again Christians. a type of political consulting firm. delegates-at-large who are chosen by a vote of the national party leadership. d0. were female. All of the following statements concerning the delegates to the 2004 conventions are correct except: a0. d0. Democratic rule changes were drafted in 1972 by a commission headed by a0. delegates chosen by primary elections and grassroot caucuses. c0. c0. elected officials and party leaders who are not required to pledge themselves in advance to a presidential candidate. b0. Over 40 percent of the delegates to the conventions of both parties a0. d0. d0. were African Americans. e0. had family incomes of $100. e0. Ans: Page: Type: D 210 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 210 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 211 Factual Ans: Page: Type: C 212 Factual Ans: Page: Type: C 212 Factual . e0. c0. b0. 510. More of the Democrats belonged to unions. 540. d0. continue the thrust of previous reforms. e0. eliminate quotas for the representation of minorities. c0. bind delegates to the primary election winner. George McGovern. b0. d0. delegates who received more than eighty percent of the vote necessary to achieve their status. were born again Christians. c0. The Republicans changed the goal of their national party to the election of candidates while the Democrats sought to make their party a0. e0. The term “superdelegate” refers to a0. 520. e0. b0. Hubert Humphrey. 530. less ideological. delegates representing special-interest caucuses. b0. b0. a more bureaucratic party. 500. increase the influence of party leaders. more powerful than the local ones. Edward Kennedy. achieve a fairer distribution of power. c0.Ans: Page: Type: E 211 Factual 490. were gun owners. centralize power within the party and make it less ideological. The Hunt commission’s changes in the Democratic party rules were designed to a0. More of the Democrats were male. Barbara Mikulski.

place where delegates ratify decisions made by voters. rules violation penalty. gathering of representatives from interest groups. 1980. 10 percent d0. plurality representation. 2000. grassroots Ans: Page: Type: D 212 Factual Ans: Page: Type: C 212 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 212 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: E 213 Factual . 25 percent e0. b0. e0. d0. regardless of the party’s platform. winner-reward systems. 580. proportional representation. e0. c0. The three areas of rule-changes approved by the 1992 Democratic National Committee were a0. it is the ________ level that has most obviously declined. national b0. c0. delegate selection. proportional representation. 560. winner-reward systems. The winner-reward systems of delegate distribution were banned in the campaign of a0. district e0. d0. 5 percent c0. delegate selection. media showcase where newscasters influence the outcome. delegate voting penalty. delegate selection. winner-reward systems. b0. According to the text. place where delegates vote their conscience. the role of national conventions has been transformed by party rules into a a0. 1988. 45 percent 570. The 1992 Democratic National Committee penalized states that violated the rules with what percentage loss of their national delegates? a0. proportional representation. a0. e0. 0 percent b0. delegate selection. b0. gathering where party leaders make important decisions. state d0. 1992. c0. rules violation penalty. 590. d0.Ans: Page: Type: D 212 Factual 550. 1984. rules violation penalty. regional c0. Within both major parties.

when thousands of civil servants were jobless. e0. fluid interest groups. 630. b0. b0. e0. d0. e0. unified. e0. e0. factionalized. civil servants. at the time of the New Deal. b0. Old-style political machines counted heavily on the support of a0. in the nineteenth century before the large-scale Irish and Italian immigrations. Ans: Page: Type: A 213 Factual Ans: Page: Type: D 213-214 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 215 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: C 215 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 215 Factual . c0. do not use tangible incentives to recruit members. social movements. solidary groups. c0. c0. According to Barbara Mikulski. rank-and-file voters. 640. the national party. state and local parties. committed to winning. ideological parties tend to be a0. 610. after World War II. d0. disciplined. sponsored parties. political machines. d0. d0. during the implementation of Great Society programs in the deep south. 650. b0. the training grounds for national political activists today are a0. single-issue activists. help to solve the problem of voting fraud. solidary associations. The ideological groups. when thousands of soldiers returned from Europe and the Pacific. 620. The classical machine-type party was developed and perfected a0. ideological party members. fluid interest groups. or reform clubs. b0. b0. are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity. 0in the nineteenth century after the large-scale Irish and Italian immigrations. c0. d0.Ans: Page: Type: A 213 Factual 600. the House of Representatives. of the 1950s and 1960s gave rise to ideological parties composed of a0. Unlike political machines. enforce electoral reform and encourage competition. e0. d0. welfare recipients. c0. cut down the number of patronage jobs in government. hierarchical. Party machines a0. c0.

to promote a philosophy (ideological parties). c0. It no longer exists. sponsored parties. It is strongest in states with term limits. sponsored parties. c0. government employees’ unions in the Washington. b0. The text cites all of the following other reasons except a0. b0. e0. to join a delegating committee (caucus groups). ideological parties. party machines. reciprocal party. It exists. e0. solidary group. but only in a few states. d0. e0. e0. a southern textile firm. to promote a cause (ideological parties). It is strongest in western states such as California. 680. a personal following. Ans: Page: Type: A 215 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 216 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: C 216 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 216 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 217 Conceptual . d0. b0. d0. 690. Which of the following statements about the traditional party organization in the United States is correct? a0.C. c0. reciprocal parties. 710. a person wanting to win an election will most often seek the support of a0. The political involvement of the United Auto Workers (UAW) in Detroit provides an example of a(n) a0.. People can join a party for reasons other than patronage. 670. c0. d0. d0. a political machine. 700. D. b0. b0.Ans: Page: Type: D 215-217 Conceptual 660. a northern glee club. sponsored party. Today. political machine. ideological party. party-based societies. d0. to be with friends (solidary associations). e0. It remains as strong a force as ever in most states. c0. to support a charismatic leader (personal followings). solidary parties. c0. the American Petroleum Institute in Texas. e0. suburbs. An example of an organization that sponsors a local party is a0. Party organizations based on their members' enjoyment of the sociability of politics are referred to as a0. issue-oriented clubs. the United Auto Workers (UAW) in Detroit. b0.

partisan judicial elections. the party system will be competitive. Most European countries have such a system. c0. Because a plurality system requires parties to form alliances with other parties to win elections c0. e0.S. gather more votes than anyone else. To win in a plurality system such as that in the United States. c0. b0. ideal of pluralism. The United States is one of the few countries with such a system. b0. d0. Which of the following statements about the two-party system is correct? a0. the risk of electoral corruption is less than in Europe. Because a plurality system discourages patronage and reduces voter interest in joining a party b0. electoral system is the a0. It has always been on the verge of collapse. municipal elections in Cambridge. d0. Because under this winner-take-all system no incentive is given for finishing second (or lower) d0.Ans: Page: Type: B 217 Conceptual 720. exert considerable inside influence. Because a plurality system requires each party to be as narrowly based as possible. Ans: Page: Type: E 217 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 218 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: C 218 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: E 218 Conceptual . c0. e0. secure a majority of the votes. 740. 750. secure at least 70 percent of the votes. e0. b0. e0. d0. It has existed in the United States only since the early 1900s. politics will be more ideological than it would otherwise be. two-party system. every party must be a broad-based coalition. smaller parties have a greater chance of winning at least some seats. c0. It exists in the United States because of the absence of local party organizations. The most dramatic example of the winner-take-all principle in the U. electoral college. leaving little room for new parties e0. win a runoff election. d0. Why should elections based on a plurality system discourage new parties from forming? a0. a candidate must a0. The plurality electoral system in the United States means that a0. 730. b0. Massachusetts. Because a plurality system gives an advantage to savy political unknowns who can grab the media spotlight 760.

most recently in 1986. economic-protest parties. Americans are more aggressive and less deferential. factional party. c0. 790. ideological party. Henry Wallace. c0. political history. d0. Ross Perot. This party is most likely a(n) a0. They generally downplay ideology in favor of winning elections. The Libertarian and Socialist parties in the United States are examples of a0. e0. The most recent independent candidate for president who was able to get on the ballot in every state was a0. consensual party. because a0. factional parties. e0. The platform of the Free Love party (a fictitious party) is. d0. d0. economic-protest party. Europeans are less ideological than Americans. Americans are more economically conservative than Europeans. b0. e0. as you might guess. George Wallace’s American Independent party was an example of a(n) a0. 780. c0. 810. consensual parties. They have been a major force in many national elections. fewer Americans want to participate in party activities. e0. Ans: Page: Type: A 220 Factual Ans: Page: Type: D 220 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: E 221 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: B 221 Factual Ans: Page: Type: D 220-221 Factual . factional party. consensual party. b0. e0. free love. They were once discouraged by the election laws of many states. They have been virtually nonexistent in U. e0. John Anderson. 800. b0. c0.S. d0. c0. b0. The ones that have endured have been non-ideological. economic protest party.Ans: Page: Type: C 219 Conceptual 770. 820. one-issue party. but not in Europe. d0. Ralph Nader. ideological parties. Americans agree on enough issues to form broad coalitions. one-issue party. d0. one-issue parties. c0. ideological party. b0. The two-party system has worked in the United States. Which of the following statements about minor parties in the United States is correct? a0. George Wallace. b0.

dissident elements were able to influence elections through party primaries and national conventions. e0. c0. Bull Moose party. One reason for this is that a0. d0. factional party. consensual party. c0. one-issue party. e0. 840. One-issue c0. An example of an economic protest party is the a0. American Independent party. c0. one-issue party.g. e0. Ans: Page: Type: D 221 Factual Ans: Page: Type: A 220 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: C 223 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 222 Conceptual . c0. Communist party. b0. e0. Factional e0. such movements typically failed to generate significant interest in mainstream politics. the size of these social movements was never large enough to encourage the formation of parties. b0. Populist party. factional party. d0. 870. The kind of minor party that has probably had the greatest influence on public policy is the a0. d0. ideological party. Which of the following kinds of minor parties tends to endure the longest? a0. economic protest party. Libertarian party.Ans: Page: Type: C 221 Factual 830. Economic protest d0. the antiwar movement of the late 1960s) never produced a significant third party. d0. Many strong social movements in the United States (e. The Populist party is an example of a(n) a0. Ideological b0. 850. most states have laws against the formation of third parties. Consensual 860. consensual party. formation of a third party would undermine the goals of these movements. economic protest party. b0.. ideological party. b0.

policy interests of the party c0. quite similar in most respect. Even though minor parties have had little success in national elections. the party’s strongest supporters. rank and file. In the days when party conventions were heavily influenced by party leaders and elected officials. c0. the ________ has (have) become increasingly important. The makeup of state party caucuses can best be characterized as a0. c0. c0. mainstream. b0. but not so much in terms of occupational prestige. more conservative regardless of party. 920. preconvention. more liberal if they are Republicans. compared to their respective party members. more liberal regardless of party. b0. e0. d0. removing barriers in state election laws. a0. d0. b0. e0. c0.Ans: Page: Type: B 223 Conceptual 880. nationally controlled. the policy preferences of dissident factions. National convention delegates. Ans: Page: Type: E 223 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: B 223 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: A 224 Factual Ans: Page: Type: E 225 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 225 Factual . it was relatively easy to ignore a0. influencing the public policy positions of the two major parties. will of elected officials b0. the electoral objectives of the party. caucus. will of the people d0. e0. deals made in smoke-filled rooms. e0. the will of the people. At party conventions in recent years. primary. encouraging dissident factions to remain in the Democratic or Republican party. party commission. c0. tend to be a0. more conservative if they are Democrats. concerns of state legislators 910. forcing runoffs that sharpened the policy positions of the two major parties. 890. A meeting of party followers at which convention delegates are picked is known as a a0. more liberal if they are Democrats. 930. more conservative if they are Republicans. nominating primary. concentric. making the cost of running for the presidency much higher. they have played an important role in many elections by a0. b0. d0. e0. highly partisan. 900. b0. policy preferences of party leaders e0. d0. d0.

d0. e0. Because their presidential candidates tended to be out of step with voters on issues of taxation and social policy d0. officeholder seeking reelection. political professional with little or no ideological constraint. All of the above. The disadvantage of the new primary system that has developed in the United States is that it a0. Because the media coverage of Democratic candidates was universally harsh and critical Ans: Page: Type: A 225 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: C 225 Factual Ans: Page: Type: B 226 Conceptual Ans: Page: Type: C 226 Conceptual . decreases the likelihood that one party or the other will gain control of the presidency for several terms. support the least ideological candidate. d0. d0. issue-oriented amateur. An example of how the partisan makeup of state party caucuses can result in the choice of the most ideological candidate was the success of a0. increases the chances that the party will nominate a candidate who is unappealing to the average voter. 970. Because their choice of presidential candidates failed to account for the appeal of ideology in the United States e0. Jesse Jackson in the 1988 Democratic party caucuses. c0. Compared to primary voters. e0. members of caucuses are more likely to a0.” 950.Ans: Page: Type: C 225 Conceptual 940. b0. support the candidate most likely to win the election. Because they relied too heavily on individual candidate financing for their presidential campaigns c0. b0. c0. rank-and-file party voter. support the most ideological candidate. b0. Michael Dukakis in the 1988 Democratic party caucuses. Walter Mondale in the 1984 Democratic party caucuses. increases the likelihood of interest groups supporting candidates who are appealing to single-issue voters. George Bush in the 1984 Republican party caucuses. c0. 980. e0. e0. support the candidate who appears to be the “underdog. Why should the Democrats have been so unsuccessful in winning the presidency before 1992 at the same time that they were so successful in winning congressional seats? a0. b0. decreases the opportunity for those with strong policy preferences to play a role in the party. 960. individual seeking a patronage job. The typical convention delegate―Democratic or Republican―can best be characterized as a(n) a0. c0. increases the role of rank-and-file party members to exert an influence over the party’s candidate choice. d0. show little ideological difference from rank-and-file voters. Because they relied too heavily on party financing for their presidential campaigns b0.

c0. b0. b0. c0. the Democrats until 1990 and the greatest among the Republicans from that point forward. 1000. The differences have been great with both parties. e0. d0. Democrats. Republicans. e0. There are differences on economic issues but not on social issues.Ans: Page: Type: B 226 Factual 990. The differences have been minor with both parties. d0. There are differences on social issues but not on economic issues. There are large policy differences among activists and much smaller ones among the rank and file. There are only trivial differences. ideological differences between convention delegates and rank-and-file party voters have been greatest among a0. Since 1972. How can the differences between the two major parties in the United States best be characterized? a0. Ans: Page: Type: B 226 Factual . There are very large differences in policy views.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful