# AC UPS Sizing

Contents
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1 Introduction o 1.1 Why do the calculation? o 1.2 When to do the calculation? 2 Calculation Methodology o 2.1 Step 1: Collect the AC UPS Loads o 2.2 Step 2: Load Profile, Design Load and Design Energy o 2.3 Step 3: Battery Sizing  2.3.1 Nominal Battery (or DC Link) Voltage  2.3.2 Number of Cells in Series o 2.4 Step 4: UPS Sizing  2.4.1 Overall UPS Sizing  2.4.2 Rectifier / Charger Sizing  2.4.3 Inverter Sizing  2.4.4 Static Switch Sizing 3 Worked Example o 3.1 Step 1 and 2: Collect the AC UPS Loads and Construct Load Profile o 3.2 Step 3: Battery Sizing o 3.3 Step 4: UPS Sizing  3.3.1 Overall Sizing  3.3.2 Rectifier Sizing  3.3.3 Inverter and Static Switch Sizing 4 Computer Software 5 What next?

Introduction
This calculation deals with the sizing of an AC uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system (i.e. rectifier, battery bank and inverter). In this calculation, it is assumed that the AC UPS is a double conversion type with a basic system topology as shown in Figure 1.

AC UPS basic system topology An external maintenance bypass switch and galvanic isolation transformers are other common additions to the basic topology. the manufacturer will independently size the system and it is only necessary to construct the AC UPS load schedule and load profile. The AC UPS sizing calculation determines the ratings for the main AC UPS system components: 1) rectifier. When to do the calculation? The AC UPS sizing calculation can be done when the following prerequisite information is known: . size of battery banks) for preliminary layout purposes. This is particularly useful for sensitive electrical equipment on main power supplies that are prone to voltage / frequency fluctuations or instability.g. In some cases. but these have been omitted from the system as they are irrelevant for the sizing calculation. AC UPS systems are also used as stable power supplies that provide a reasonably constant voltage and frequency output. However the calculation results will also help determine the indicative dimensions of the equipment (e. It is typically a batterybacked system which will continue to operate for a specified amount of time (called the autonomy) after a main power supply interruption.Figure 1 . independent of voltage input. Why do the calculation? An AC UPS system is used to support critical / sensitive AC loads. 2) battery banks and 3) inverter.