Nutritional Relationships

Niche
All organism have their niche in an ecosystem. Niche:
– The roll a species plays in the environment

Autotrophs
Auto=self Troph=energy Definition: Make their own energy Also known as Producers Create energy through photosynthesis (using light) or through chemosynthesis (using chemicals)

Heterotroph
Hetero=different Troph=energy Definition: gets energy from somewhere else

Types of heterotrophs
Decomposers
– Definition: obtain energy by feeding on decaying organisms – Mushrooms, bacteria – Saprophytes: nongreen plants living off of dead material. – Useful because they recycle materials in ecosystems.

Heterotroph cont.
Herbivores: only eat plants Carnivores: only eat meat Omnivores: eat both plants and meat Scavengers: eat meat theat has already been killed (aka detrivores)

Food Chain
Shows how energy moves through an ecosystem by showing who eats who.

Trophic pyramid
Shows how energy moves through a food chain

Energy Pyramid cont.
10% of the energy moves from the level below to the level above

Biomass Pyramid
Biomass: Mass of living tissue in each level

Relationships between organisms
Parasitism: One organism benefits and the other is hurt ex: a tic or leach

Relationships between organisms
Mutualism: Both organisms benefit

Relationships between organisms
Commensalism: One organism benefits and the other is not affected at all.

Predator vs. Prey
The Predator is the organism that hunts The prey is the organism that is being hunted

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