Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL

01/12/2010 Ms. Oosterman

Mozart C major sonata K.545 : Analysis
The sonata k.545 was composed by Mozart in 1788. Mozart classified this piece as one of the easy ones, sonata facile is the real name which means easy sonata. The sonatas has three movement, the first one in allegro, the second one in andante and the last one in rondo but in this analysis, only the first movement will be analysed. The sonata (movement 1 in 4/4) is divided into three main parts, the exposition, the development and recapitulation.

The exposition (m.1-28) is the first part of the first movement; it starts in bar 1 to bar 28.The exposition is the part where the composer presents us his main two themes. The exposition starts with two phrases (measure 1,2 and 3,4). The beginning of the exposition starts with a singing first theme which outlines the tonic chord of C major. The rhythm is quite slow at the beginning and the beginning is also dolce, sweet, and smooth, legato. This is the primary theme. The start is very lyrical. Chord progression (m.1-4) m.1 C to C m.2 G7 to C m.3 F to C m.4 G7 to C

The next part is just scales played going up and down very fast. The first scale in measure 5 is a scale of F to F. In measure 6 it s a scale from C to C, measure 7 it is a scale of dm to G7 and measure 8, C to C, m.9: dm to dm, m.10 : F to D7. This kind of pattern of scales going up and down is called a sequence . The theme ends with the repetition of G major chords which indicates the modulation to G major. The modulation is a transition to theme 2. The rhythm in this part is fast since there are a

14-15 and m. . The first measure starts in C# to C and then falls on to B until the right hand comes in. F until back to G. the measured is played slowly from loud to soft. These arpeggios are extended broken chords. The second theme also starts with a kind two short phrases of two bars (m. It ends on a dramatic G major chord from legato to forte (measure 12).16-17). G. The second theme sound a bit like the first theme but with a different rhythmic. the rhythmic in the arpeggios part is slower than in the sequences part because in the arpeggios part. there are more quarter notes in the start of the second theme. a D7 and finally a G. At measure 22 a sub-theme is introduced played in staccato with the right hand and a single repeated chord (a minor) with the left hand.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. Oosterman lot of 16th notes. C .11 . The m. The second theme then continues with a series of arpeggios instead of the sequences played in theme 1. In measure 21.22. The arpeggiosare played in the circle of fifths patern. the notes are 8th notes and not 16th notes (sequences part). The second theme then ends with a minor chord (measure 23) to a G. The second theme is less lyrical than the first one.10 is played in diminuendo and then back to crescendo in m. poco diminuendo then back to crescendo in m.

31).32). 35 and a diminuendo at m. .33) and dm to A7 (m. The progressions of scales are: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) dm dm E E am dm G C F bm E A B. contains the important progressions of the keys of G major and D. Oosterman A codetta is used to end the exposition (measure 26-28). g minor. The development is played at mezzo forte and there is crescendo at m.then back from g minor to D7 (m. This motive is similar to the codetta in the exposition.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. It start with scales .29) . It end in a forte tone in G.C7 F F This development end in scale of F.34). to D7 (m. The codetta. The 2nd part of the development is similar to the sequences in the exposition except that its only part of scales which are being played.40.30) . The development starts with a motive from measures 29 to 34. making the rhythmic fast. The rhythmic in this part is quite fast but not as fast as the sequences in the exposition because a lot of the notes are either 8th notes or 16th notes. gm to gm (m. A7 to A7 (m. dm to A7 (m. not full scales. The development is then starting in measure 29.

the original ending scale of the sequences in the exposition.50 : C to C m. 52 : g7 to G .43 73) starts with the same melodic phrases as in the exposition. they are played in F major since the development ended in F major.48 : g7 m.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. Scales: m.46 : B(flat) to Bf m.51 : C to C m.47 : F to F m. but instead of playing them in the C major key.49 : F to F m. Sequences are also present again in the recapitulation. but the scales used are different then in the exposition (theme 1). Oosterman The recapitulation (m. The F major makes this part of this piece sound lighter. The scales are going down to G major.

53 : C to dm m. starts with G and in recapitulation. This is the end of theme 1 of the recapitulation. This part has a fast rhythmic since almost all the notes are 16th notes. 4 scales lower than in the exposition: 2) In exposition.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. m. Oosterman The following part is played scales to transition that allow the piece to go back to its original scale of C major. 2nd measure of the 2nd theme (measure 15) starts in D7 and in the recapitulation. . the 2nd measure of the 2nd theme (measure 60) starts with G7 (4 scales lower) And it is the same for all the scales in the 2nd theme of the recapitulation The sonata end the recapitulation and so the movement in C major. the scales.54 : C to dm The 2nd part (2nd theme) of the recapitulation is almost the same as the 2nd theme the exposition. The only main difference is that in the recapitulation s 2nd theme. start with C (4 scales lower). the same key as the sonata started with. 3) In exposition.

it s well structured and very enjoyable to listen. Oosterman To conclude: This sonata is not very complex.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. it is the C major that is the main key. Words : 1200 . The sonata first starts with a nice little melody and goes into well sounding sequence. In the recapitulation. In the second theme of the exposition. crescendo and diminuendo. dolce. The sonata has a lot of different rhythmic and styles of playing. fortissimo. In the first theme of the exposition. then develops to recapitulate in a different scales than in the exposition making it lower pitch at the end. The main key of this sonata is the C major key. the mains keys are F and then back to C major. forte. it is G major that is the main key. there are no main keys. I really like the sonata. In the development.

html>. 2010. 2010.wikipedia." Form and Analysis." Web." Wikipedia. 2010.org/wiki/Chord_progression>. <http://en.org/journal/volume1/Gerber. <http://depauwform.wikipedia.com/2008/02/chapter -25-brief-analysismozart-piano.1.html>. Web. 2010. <http://depauwform.html>. the Free Encyclopedia. "Chord Progression. Web.html>.org .Sonata K. K.com/2008/04/mozart-sonata-k-545.blogspot. "Mozart's Piano Sonata in C Major. <http://www. 01 Dec. Web.blogspot.Brief Analysis A: Mozart Piano Sonata in C Major. "Music Theory." Wikipedia.com/doc/13592090/Mozart-Sonata-K545-Mvt1>.macromusic.html>. the Free Encyclopedia. 545.blogspot. Web." Form and Analysis. 01 Dec. .org/wiki/Music_theory>. <http://depauwform. <http://depauwform." Form and Analysis. 01 Dec.php/t37064.Home." ABRSM : ABRSM. <http://en.abrsm." Form and Analysis. 01 Dec. Web. "A Macro-Analytical Approach to Mozart's Piano Sonata in C Major. "Mozart Sonata K. 2010. 2010.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. Web. 2010. 01 Dec. Web. Web.blogspot. 545 III Mvt. 545. <http://www. 545. 01 Dec. 2010. K. Oosterman Works Cited "Chapter 25. 01 Dec. "Mozart Sonata K.com/2008/04/mozart-sonata-k-545. <http://www. 545.org/forum/lofiversion/index. 01 Dec. K." Scribd.scribd.html>. "Mozart .com/2008/02/mozarts-piano-sonata-in-c-major-k-545. 01 Dec.545 Mvt. 2010. "Forums Mozart Piano Sonata 16 (k545 In C Major).

"Piano Sonata No. Web.Thibault Clar Year 12/ music SL 01/12/2010 Ms. Web. 01 Dec.com. The Most Piano Information on the Web.com/smf/index. <http://en. . 2010.pianoworld.youtube.Piano World Piano & Digital Piano Forums.php?topic=8170. 2010.pianostreet. the Free Encyclopedia.545 . 01 Dec.0>. "Please Help Me Analyze Mozart C Major Sonata K. 01 Dec.Home of the World Famous Piano Forums. 01 Dec.html>.com/forum/ubbthreads. <http://www." Wikipedia. "YouTube .com/watch?v=jV0t4d365mg>. 2010.wikipedia.php/topics/500476/Please help me analyze Mozart ._16_(Mozart)>. 16 (Mozart).com." YouTube . 2010.Mozart Sonata K545." Piano Sheet Music | Classical Piano Music | Pianostreet. <http://www. Oosterman "Piano Forum | Mozart K545 | Pianostreet.Broadcast Yourself." Piano World . Web.org/wiki/Piano_Sonata_No. <http://www. Web.

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