# Gauge padrão de uma medida

gauge of wire número de fieira, espessura do fio; Gauge para malhas ou tecidos pode também significar o número de pontos (tecido plano) ou número de laçadas (malha) que existem em 1 polegada quadrada do tecido, o que dá a idéia de um tecido mais aberto ou mais fechado.

Gauge on knitting machines There are two types of classification of Knitting Gauges or Unit of Measure: 

A Used for Cotton Fully fashion flat machines (Bentley

Monkey, Textima, Sheller

etc..) where Gauge is measured in 1,5 Inches (2,54 cm x 1,5) and the machine's gauge is expressed by the number of needles needed to achieve that gauge. 

B Used for hand, mechanical or modern Electronic Flat Machines (Stoll, Shima , Protti etc..), where gauge is measured in 1 inch increments (or 2,5 cm) and the machine's gauge is similarly measured by the number of needles required to achieve that number.

Compared graduation scale Gauge (GG) A versus B system: A 30 GG (A) Cotton Ful lyfashion flat machine (30 needles in 1,5 ) is comparable to a 20 GG (B) Electronic Flat machine, a 27 GG (A) is a 18 GG (B), a 18 GG (A) is a 12 GG (B), a 12 GG (A) is a 8 GG (B), a 7,5 GG (A) is a 5 GG (B) and a 4,5 GG (A) is a 3 GG (B). Factors that affect knitting gauge The gauge of a knitted fabric depends on the pattern of stitches in the fabric, the kind of yarn, the size of knitting needles, and the tension of the individual knitter (i.e., how much yarn they allow between stitches). 

For example, ribbing and cable patterns tend to "pull in," giving more stitches over an identical width than stockinette, garter, or seed stitch. Even the same stitch produced in two different ways may produce a different gauge; for example, a swatch of stockinette stitch may not have the same gauge as one knit in reverse stockinette stitch. 

Thicker yarns with less loft generally produce larger stitches than thinner yarns (reducing the number of stitches per width and length. 

Larger knitting needles also produce larger stitches, giving fewer stitches and rows per inch; changing needle size is the best way to control one's own gauge for a given pattern and yarn.

the knitter's tension. Therefore. without changing the pattern. typically with beginning knitters. The method is sometimes used when the knitter has a significantly different gauge on knit and purl stitches. stitch. smaller stitches are often made at the collar. Finally. Patterns for knitting projects almost always include a suggested gauge for the project. further adjustments can be made by subtly altering the pattern dimensions. corresponding to 1" of ea se in a 20" width. whether from one's own design or from a published pattern. as knitters become more familiar with a stitch pattern. the gauge should match as closely as possible. The gauge can even vary within a single garment. For illustration. usually by changing needle size. Ribbing can also be used to "draw in" the fabric to the proper gauge. yarn. If the knitter follows the pattern with a gauge of 4 st/inch. Luckily. The swatch edges affect the reading of the gauge.g.. significant differences in gauge will lead to a deformed garment. for example. or how tightly one knits. shortening a vertically aligned pattern. or habits of the knitter. It is also useful for producing elongated stitches and certain specialty patterns. Sometimes the gauge is deliberately altered within a garment. ideally in the stitch pattern used in the garment. Knitting gauge in patterns To produce a knitted garment of given dimensions. Larger needles produce a smaller gauge (fewer stitches per inch) and smaller needles produce a larger gauge (more stitches per inch). if the knitter follows the pattern with a gauge of 6 st/inch. the pattern should call for 200 stitches (5 st/inch x 40") at the bustline. sleeve cuffs. they become more relaxed and make the stitch differently. Dividing the number of stitches used by the actual size of the sample gives . hemline ribbing or pocket edges. Measuring knitting gauge To check one's gauge before starting a project.too tight! Generally. Uneven knitting Uneven knitting is a knitting technique in which two knitting needles of different sizes are used. the gauge can be adjusted by changing needle size. producing a different gauge. the gauge should match to better than 5%. a sample of knitting (a swatch) is made. the sweater will measure 50" around the bustline (200 st / 4s t/in) -too baggy! Conversely. so it's best that the swatch be at least 4" square and more safely 6 8" square. can affect the gauge significantly. If necessary. e. Similar concerns apply to the number of rows per inch. suppose that a sweater is designed to measure 40" around the bustline with a gauge of 5 st/inch in the chosen stitch. the sweater will measure ~33" around the bustline (200 st / 6st/inch) -.

which will lead to a more uniform gauge in the final garment.the stitch gauge of that sample. the row gauge is calculated by dividing the number of rows knitted by the length of the sample. Making a sw atch also helps familiarize the knitter with the stitch pattern and yarn. . Similarly.