CARPET INDUSTRY

MADE BY: Vishal Sahiia & Shameer Khan

The art of making carpets was probably developed on the plains of Central Asia about a thousands of years ago. Historians believe that carpetmaking was introduced to the region now constituting Pakistan as far back as the 11th century, with the coming of the first conquerors the Ghaznavids , and the Ghauris .

‡It provides jobs to 1.5 million people in the country. ‡It contributes to the relief of poverty in rural areas. ‡It earns US$ 145 million in foreign exchange annually (2008-09) ‡More than 99% of carpets made in the country are exported. ‡Average share in total exports varies from 2.5 to 3.5%. ‡There are six leading carpet suppliers in the world market: Iran, Pakistan, India ,China, Nepal & Turkey. ‡Iranian & Pakistani handmade carpets dominate US market. The German market for silk carpet is dominated by India & China. The southeast Asian market is dominated by china & Pakistan.

The tradition of textile weaving has survived in the shape of folk culture in various parts of Pakistan. The textile designs, architecture & characteristic of folk culture point to the floral & geometric patterns that are basic to carpet designing. This clearly shows that the art of carpet-making & designing existed in the region from very old times.

been a part of the Islamic culture as it achieved unprecedented heights in Baghdad. Damascus. They were used to cover the floors of mosques & houses & were occasionally used as wall decorations. Delhi & in the fabled cities of central Asia. from the beginning.Carpets have. . Cordoba.

when Indian craftsmen adopted Persian techniques & designs.Established carpet weaving in Indo.Pak sub-continent started under the patronage of the Mughals. . During the Mughal period the carpet made in the indo-Pak sub continent became so famous.

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The weaving take place on horizontal looms & the patterns which have been inspired by the surrroundings of the nomads are passed on from generations to generations. .Nomads keep their own animals that provides them with material for their weavings. Raising sheeps is the main income for the nomads.

The village carpets are often rustic. .The weavers usually only have a simple sketch. not much bigger than dozer (200x140cm) are often tied on a warp with handspun wool from their own sheep. charming and easy to recognize. dyed with natural colors. The carpet.

. The weaver follow a pattern drawn on a millimeter squared paper. The process is controlled regularly & none of the deviations & irregularities are allowed here. Several weavers work at the same time on a carpet where the yarn & tools are supplied by the owner of the workshop.The weaving here is done in a more controlled way than in nomadic camps and in the homes. The looms allows manufacturing of very large carpets. During the work.

COTTON GOAT HAIR SILK . Other materials may also be used. The most commonly used material is SHEEP WOOL.WOOL The materials being used in a carpet determines the final result of carpet and how it grows old.

Horizontal loom 2.1. Hand tools . Vertical loom 3.

.The distance on the sides between the two beams determines the wide the carpet should be & the upper & lower beam decides the length of the carpet. tightened while the carpets are being made. A loom consist of a frame consisting of 4 beams which holds the warp.

One close to the ground & one beam at the top. ‡The size of the carpet is limited to these dimensions.‡The construction of vertical loom is similar to the horizontal looms & it has 2 beams on the side. . ‡Carpets that are made this way are exact in their measurement than others.

Scissor is made in metal.Comb is usually made up of wood & metal. It is used to pack together the knots & the wefts in the rows after every row in the carpet. It is used for cutting the pile on the carpet after one or more rows have been tied. .

It usually consist of rod & an attached trundle which stabilizes the weight when the tool is spinning. It is used when spinning by hand.It has two functions: it is partly used to hook onto the yarn between the warp threads with the small hook & also to cut the yarn afterwards. .

It is used to brush the wool & the threads when repairing. The design plates are also called ³talim´ .This tool consists of small metal spikes attached to a soft bedding. The pattern is drawn on a squared sheet where every square corresponds to one single knot. By using a design plate you achieve a more exact pattern. .

1 3.5 3.0 1434.4 1409.9 3.8 1497.3 967.5 494.3 5.1 Rs.0 2662.1 3.8 5.1 6.0 2681.9 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 Source: Pakistan Economic Survey 2001-02 .1 2.0 1468.Quantity and value of export of carpets and rugs Year Quantity value (mill sq.9 1812. mill) 2243 1679 1913 2323 2031 2693 2439 4445 4451 4923 5003 5709 4524 4583 6116 7131 7820 8709 10209 13686 17015 15275 2./sq meter 897.7 1453.7 869.5 3.7 2.7 3. meter) (Rs.1 897.8 1368.1 3006.9 2.4 1228.7 3 .5 1.0 1435.2 4.5 2522.3 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0 2113.0 1946.8 3.2 883.7 2.1 2666.

1. UK 5. CANADA 9. GERMANY 3. ITALY 4. FRANCE 6. JAPAN 8. SPAIN 10. UAE 7. USA 2.GREECE .

Overview and quick facts ‡ Why should we care? ‡ Definitions: Child labour ‡ What is bonded labour? ‡ Quick facts .

Why should we care? .

Walt Disney Because of their unique and vulnerable position. children are denied the basic working rights and wages given to adults. Children are most often employed in the informal and unregulated sectors of the global economy. intimidation and sexual exploitation." . for example in agriculture. and as a result they find themselves easy targets for abuse. ."Our greatest natural resource is the minds of our children.

social and/or spiritual growth. emotional. . intellectual.Defining child labor: Though definitions vary. child labor means work that is done by children under the age of 15 (14 in some developing countries) which restricts or damages a child's physical.

CONT«««. we mean labor which is intolerable or harmful to children. Most people agree that when we speak about child labor. to play or to go to school. or poor access. Child labor includes: ‡ Work performed by children under the age of 15 ‡ Long hours of work on a regular or full-time basis ‡ Abusive treatment by the employer ‡ No access.. or which denies them their right to fully develop. to education .

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a parent facing an unusually large or urgent expense would use this method to obtain necessary money. For example. ‡ Finally. ‡ The first is when a child inherits a debt carried by his or her parents. . a child worker can enter into bondage to their employer by requesting an advance on future wages they expect to earn.What is bonded labor? Three types of bonded labour exist in practice around the world. ‡ Another form of bonded labour occurs when a child is used as collateral for a loan.

‡ Globally. 218 million children are child laborers ‡ 126 million of these children are engaged in hazardous work ‡ 73 million working children are less than 10 years old ‡ Every year..000 children die in work-related accidents ‡ The largest number of working children-122 million-are in the Asia-Pacific region .CONT«. 22.

. ‡ Social exclusion and discrimination. ‡Ending poverty and increasing access to education are therefore crucial tools in the fight against ending child labor.‡Globally the majority of child laborers come from the poorer sections of society. are important factors that keep children out of school and force them to work. a result of poverty and ethnic and gender biases.

none of which used the "parent-child" operation described by the manufacturers. from UNICEF/Government of Pakistan reported that 90% of 1 million workers in the carpet industry were children. ‡Additionally.5 million workers in the carpet industry in Pakistan were children and another report in 1992. . the bonded labor system (peshgi) is still in use despite the 1992 Bonded Labor Abolition Act. ‡In 1994 The Asian-American Free Labor Institute investigated 5 factories and found child labor in 4 of the factories. many of whom began working in the carpet industry before age 10.Child Labor in the Carpet Industry ‡The most commonly recognized exports from Pakistan that use child labor are carpets ‡A 1992 UNICEF-Punjab report stated that at least 1 million out of 1.

‡Most children in the industry have been injured using sharp instruments. .Abuse of child labor in carpet industry ‡ Children working in the carpet industry suffer work-related injuries. being kept at the loom longer hours in rooms that are generally not better ventilated or lit than the factories. ‡They work 9 to 10 hours per day. with a one-hour break. body aches or suffered physical abuse ‡ Even the children who weave at home experience poor conditions. ‡ They remain uneducated. earn minimal pay and remain uneducated. ‡The maximum wage is the equivalent of $1. 42% having never attended school and 58% having dropped out.50 per day. experienced respiratory tract infections.

Their good eyesight. which allows them to perform intricate work in very poor light.Their very low wages and their docile acceptance of terrible working conditions 2.Two main advantages of child labor to the carpet makers: 1. .

. ..Recommendations against child labor .

‡ Laws affecting children ‡ Children youth in action ‡ Ability to say no ‡ Basic education ‡ Discussion session ‡ World day against child labor ‡ Participate in campaigns ‡ Advice ‡ Government convention ‡ Priority ‡ Efforts .

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.When the carpet is woven there are 4 steps before it is put up for sale.

In order to give the carpet an even nice surface & to get a clear sharp pattern. with a built-in sucking function. The process is done with a tool/machine . .The pile is cut to the intended length. polishing of the carpet is needed.

.The carpet is washed thoroughly in order to remove dust from the polishing & to remove loose colors & also for the colors to be fixed.

.The carpet needs to be dried properly after the washing so that the colors stabilize & to keep the shape of the carpet.

washing & drying the carpet is inspected very carefully to see that no holes or other demage have occurred during the treatments. .After the polishing.

SWOT ANALYSIS ‡Strengths ‡Weaknesses ‡Opportunities ‡Threats .

j. d. Competitiveness and Agility Promoting Sports Credit Ratings Interest Free Banking . Innovative products Largest Bank Long Term Vision g. h. b. Product line Quality of Management Resourcefulness of the Sponsors Flexibility in Approach k. c. e. f.Strengths a. i.

f. 1. k. Slow Promotions Separation of Activities Prayer Room and Common Room\ Internees Separate HR Department Training is Provided on the basis of generalization . I j. Overworked Staff Too Cautious Revaluation of Assets Shortage in Capital Adequacy Over Ambitious Over Competitiveness g. d. e.‡Weaknesses a. c. h. b.

Overseas Branches .Opportunities a. Search for New Markets and Avenues b.

Change in the Foreign Policies d. Unstable Political Environment b. Change in the Foreign Aid e.Threats a. Over Expansion . Over Exposure c.

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