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What is brain gate system? The mind-to-movement system that allows a quadriplegic man to control a computer using only his thoughts.

Neuroprosthetic device Principle .

Brain implant system developed by Bio-tech company Cyberkinetics in 2008 in conjunction with the department of Neuroscience at Brown University Computer chip. implanted into the brain. . monitors brain activity and converts the intention of the user into computer commands.

NEURO CHIP Chip uses 100 hair-thin electrodes that µhear¶ neurons firing in specific areas of the brain. .

Direct communication pathway between a brain and an external device .Brain Computer Interface (BCI): The main working procedure of brain gate system.


HUMAN BCI RESEARCH  Invasive BCI  Partially Invasive BCI  Non Invasive BCI .

.INVASIVE BCI  Implanted directly into the grey matter of the brain during neurosurgery.

PARTIAL INVASIVE BCI  Implanted inside the skull but rest outside the brain rather than within the grey matter. .

PARTIAL INVASIVE BCI Electrocorticography(ECoG): The electrodes are embedded in a thin plastic pad that is placed above the cortex.  .  Light Reactive Imaging: Implanting a laser inside the skull.

NON INVASIVE BCI Neuroimaging technologies as interfaces are used  Signals recorded in this way have been used to power muscle implants and restore partial movement in an experimental volunteer  Produce poor signal resolution  .

NON INVASIVE BCI Electroencephalography(EEG)  Magnetoencephalography (MEG)  Hat Allows Computer Control By Thought  .

WORKING EEG Method Preprocessing Detection Control Training Bio Feedback .



APPLICATIONS  Typing words by mind .

A boon to the paralysed Mathew-Nagle the first person to use the brain-computer interface to restore functionality lost due to paralysis .

Controlling robots by thoughts alone .

To treat congenital blindness .

CONCLUSION The idea of moving robots or prosthetic devices not by manual control has been fascinated approach. . This system helps many paralysis patients to control the prosthetic devices by simply thinking about the task.


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