TEACHING VOCABULARY THROUGH PICTURES TO THE KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS

( A Case Study at Madinah Kid’s School Kindergarten Serpong- Tangerang)

This Paper (Skripsi) Has Fulfilled The Requirement for The Degree of Sarjana (S1) at The English Department The Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training

By: LENY NIM: 102014023751

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF TARBIYAH AND TEACHERS TRAINING SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY JAKARTA 2006 M / 1427 H

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TEACHING VOCABULARY THROUGH PICTURES TO THE KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS AT MADINAH KID’S SCHOOL BUKIT SERPONG MAS TANGERANG

A Paper (Skripsi) Presented to The Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training In Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for The degree of Sarjana (S1)

By: LENY NIM: 102014023751

Advisor:

Prof.Dr. Hadjid Harna Widagda M.Pd NIP. 150.011.332

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF TARBIYAH AND TEACHERS TRAINING SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY JAKARTA 2006 M / 1427 H

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LEGALIZATION OF EXAMINATION COMMITTEE
A skripsi titled “Teaching Vocabulary Through Pictures to The Kindergarten Students” At Madinah Kid’s School Bukit Serpong Mas, Tangerang. Was examined at the examination session of the faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta on 22 November 2006. This skripsi has fulfilled the requirement for the degree of Sarjana (S1) at the English Department. Jakarta, 22 November, 2006 Examination Committee The Head of Committee The Secretary of Committee

Prof. Dr. Dede Rosyada, MA NIP. 150 231 356

Prof. Dr. H. Aziz Fahrurozzi, MA NIP. 150 202 343

Examiner I

Examiner II

Dr. Atiq Susilo, MA NIP. 150 23927

Dra. Hidayati M.Pd NIP.150 231 927

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

In The Name of Allah The Beneficent and The Merciful Praise be to Allah Lord of The World. May Peace and Bless be upon Prophet Muhammad SAW. Thanks to Allah, the writer has finished her skripsi finally, entitled : “Teaching Vocabulary Through Picture to the Kindergarten Students.” The primary aim of the skripsi writing is to complete a partial fulfillment of requirements for sarjana degree in The Tarbiyah Faculty. This skripsi could not be completed without a great deal of help from many people, Especially Mr. Prof. Dr. Hadjid Harna Widagda.M.Pd, as advisor who always guides and suggest the writer to make a good skripsi, from the beginning until the end. May Allah SWT give His Gracious to you Her deepest gratitude also goes to those who have helped her in finishing this skripsi, among others: 1. Prof. Dr. Dede Rosyada M.A., the Dean of Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher’s Training. 2. Drs. Nasrun Mahmud M.Pd, the Head of English Department, and Dra. Nida Husna the Secretary of English Department and staff, who had given her valuable advice and support to the writer.

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Mr.Ed. who had given permission to use their books.H. 5. Madhani (Father). her Beloved Brothers ( Deny and Noffian) and all of her family also her relatives.3. 4. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. M. November 2006 The Writer pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Maryani ZA. 7. Her beloved parents. Jakarta.Pd also Staff Who had given permission to made a research.. All Lectures in English Department who had given motivation. Rasiin and friends for good cooperation. M.Alwi) and officers of central Libraries of UIN Syahid Jakarta. pray and motivation to support the writer. support and precious knowledge to her during study at UIN SYAHID Jakarta. and Miss Riana SPi. Mrs. AMINEF and American corner. All staff of Tarbiyah Faculty especially Mr. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. Hatta M. Nyi Ina (mother). The staff ( Mr. Miss Indah And Miss Indiastanti Prasetyo S. the head of Libraries Tarbiyah Faculty and Staff. The Head of Madinah Kid’s school. British Council. Drs.Pd. 6. Get yours now! . Who had given their materials.Thank you Very much. 8. thanks for your pray and support to the writer.

............................................................................ 10 B....... Scope of the Study .................. 16 4......................................... i TABLE OF CONTENT............ C... Pictures 1................ D...... iii CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION A................................. Kindergarten Students pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents........ 17 C.......... Get yours now! ..................... The Meaning of Pictures ................................. The Use of Vocabulary ........................... The Use of Pictures .......... The Meaning of Vocabulary ..................... 1 2 3 4 CHAPTER II: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK A.............. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Pictures Used . B. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. 6 8 3................................. Vocabulary 1.. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms............................................................................................................................ Limitation and Formulation .......... 13 3............... The Types of Vocabulary............................... Background of the Study...........................................................TABLE OF CONTENT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT... Problem identification............ 2....... 11 2..... The Significance of the Study.... The Types of Pictures.....................

.................................... Teaching Procedures ........... The Research Subject....... 24 C........................................... Get yours now! .......... The Research Method ............................ 27 b............................ 26 CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH OUTCOME A............. 25 G.......................................... 28 C............................................ The Age and Characteristics of Kindergarten Students ...... Presentation Stage ....... The Classroom Implementation ........ Madinah Kid’s School …………………………………........................................................... 19 3..................................................... 25 D.................................. The Curriculum and Syllabus... Research Outcome…………………………………………… 34 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents...... Production Stage ..................... 21 CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A... 28 c.................... Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms............................ Practice Stage ................................................ The Research Implementer .................................................................. The Place and Time ....... The Meaning of Kindergarten..................................... 27 a........... The Research Investigation .......................................... 25 E............. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine........ 31 D..1....... 26 B............. 18 2...................... Research Question ..... Instrument ......................... 25 F..................... The Objective of the Study ..... 24 B........ 28 d...............

......CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION A......................... 37 BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................ if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine...... Suggestion .......... Get yours now! ......... Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms... 36 B............................................................................................................................................................ 38 APPENDIX pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Conclusion ....

Reading and Writing. vocabulary. In teaching and learning a language. there are four aspects that support four language skill above such as : grammar. spelling and pronunciation that are also taught in English teaching and learning process. English teaching involves of four language skills. A. Therefore. that must be learnt in school since kindergarten level until University level. Background of the Study English is one of international languages. pronunciation and vocabulary. and The Significance of the study. Limitation of the problems. Statement of the problems. Problem identification. because English is completely different from Indonesian language being look at from the system of structure. English is one of the foreign languages for Indonesian students. Scope of the study. Speaking. Social and Education.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This chapter discusses about: Background of the study. they are Listening. Economics. which is used throughout the world and also English is used in many fields of life such as : in Politics. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Get yours now! . English is considered as a difficult subject for the Indonesian students. English as a language in international communication is clearly needed by many learners to deliver thought and interact in a variety of situation.

Problem Identification. as stated by Edward in his book : “ Vocabulary is one of the important factor in all language teaching. and others. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.2 Therefore. Problem identification Celce Maria stated : Research in first and second language acquisition suggest that initial teaching priorities for language areas should be vocabulary. student must continually be learning words as they learn structure and as they practice sound system”. Classroom Technique. they have to give materials by using a suitable technique and master the lesson effectively. 1 B. and pronunciation.Vocabulary is one of important aspects in teaching language. Limitation and Formulation 1. vocabulary is important to teach and teachers must try to find the most effective way to teach it. We could discuss about methods. P. David Allen and Rebecca M. Get yours now! 1 . Vallete. The statements above mean.149 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Foreign Language and English as a Second Language. teachers must make the students able to memorize such words in English language and group of new words. material selection. In this research it is identified that teaching technique for kindergarten level is Edward.(New York: Harcout Brave Javanovich 1997). the English teacher has to be able to organize teaching and learning activities. grammar. There are many problems of language teaching that can be identified as research subjects. Especially in learning vocabulary. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.

To specific this problem. Celce Maria.11 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.(Washington DC: Teachers of English to Speaker of Other Languages. The statement of the problem can be formulated into the general research question: “How effective is the use of pictures in teaching vocabulary to kindergarten students?”. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. This will be a report of an observation conducted at Madinah Kid’s school kindergarten at Serpong – Tangerang. 2. The writer will give limitation of the problem in teaching vocabulary by using pictures especially in “ Noun and Verb ”. in this research the writer want to make a study about how to teach vocabulary for kindergarten level.P. Which involved one teacher and six students. 1987). Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. Get yours now! 2 . Limitation of the problems To avoid misunderstanding and to clarify the problem.2 3. Statement of the problems The writer conducts the study to see how well the pictures encourage students vocabulary mastery. Marianne.challenging. the specific research question are formulated as: “How well the pictures encourage the kindergarten students vocabulary mastery?” C. Therefore. Current Perspective on Pronunciation: Practice Anchored in Theory (Teaching Pronunciation as Communication). it is necessary to make limitation of the problem. Scope of the Study The study overviews the teaching of English vocabulary through pictures to young learners in this case to kindergarten students.

pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. The Significance of the Study The result of this research will be useful for teachers of the kindergarten level in Indonesia to help them improve their performance in teaching. Get yours now! . if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.D.

the use of vocabulary. “Yet it is true that the vocabulary is the focus of language. the use of pictures. we talk of this progress as a matter of learning new words.CHAPTER II THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK This chapter discusses about: Vocabulary which consists of the meaning of vocabulary. Get yours now! . and it is a word that we arrange together to make sentences. To think of a language as just a stock of words is. A. a grammar is needed to combine them in some intelligible way. It is in words that sounds and meaning interlock to allow us to communicate with one another. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. and discourse of pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Humans can communicate with others through verbal language. the types of pictures. however quite wrong. we are also likely to feel that the adult speaker with the largest vocabulary has the best command of English. the advantage and disadvantage of pictures and the last is Kindergarten Students which consists of the meaning of kindergarten. then The Pictures which consists of the meaning of pictures. Words alone do not make a language. either to apply or to receive the information the animal can not do. the types of vocabulary. conversations. Vocabulary One thing that differentiates human from animals is verbal language or speaking beside mind to think. the age and characteristics of kindergarten students and Madinah kid’s school Profile. When we observed a child first acquiring speech.

1. Nobody ever learns all the words in any language. According to Harimurti Kridalaksana. generally the teacher teach new words taken from reading text. In teaching vocabulary. we found the meaning of vocabulary. teachers of kindergarten emphasizes on this matter earlier. This integration will lead to integrative lesson plan. It means that she integrates vocabulary with reading. pronunciation and grammar come together. There are some definitions of vocabulary. The Key to the English Vocabulary (London: the Macmillan Company. Vocabulary becomes a major problem in learning English. English an Introduction to Language (Harcout Brace Jovanich. Vocabulary building is really important in any language learning.”3 Vocabulary plays an important role because it appears in every language skills. Get yours now! . We know and use the words that suit our particular purposes and we continue to learn new words as long as we live”4 It is clear enough that everybody who learns a language as a foreign language is hoped to know and master the vocabulary to improve the language skills. Thus we have a paradox in that the most ephemeral part of language is also the center where meaning. particularly for people who study English as a foreign Language as stated in the Collier. 1991) p. his next task into master its vocabulary that he needs.189 3 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Pyles Thomas and Algeo John. She realizes how important the mastery of vocabulary is. A Division of The Macmillan Company.1 1997).159 4 Collier.p.Macmillan International.Macmillan International: “Once a student has mastered the fundamental grammatical patterns of a language. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. The meaning of Vocabulary In some literature. inc.all kinds. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.

edisi ke-3 (Jakarta. A list or collection of words and phrase usually alphabetically arranged and explained or defined.p. stock of words use in language or by class. b.p. The Largest Abridgment of Webster’s New International Dictionary of English Language. Semantic and Language Education (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.1 Webster’s.1978).6 There are some experts who give definition of vocabulary Hatch and Brown define vocabulary as a list or set of words for a particular language or a list or set of word that individual speakers of language might use.PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. c. USA: G&G Merriam co.1995)p. Kamus Linguistik. Vocabulary is: a.7 Furthermore Webster Dictionary noted that. Webster’s Collage Dictionary.1993).1320 Evelyn Hatch and Cheryl Brown.”8 While according to Roget.“Vocabulary is a component of language that maintains all of information about meaning and using word in language. vocabulary is: “A list or collection of words usually alphabetically arranged and explained or lexicon. Vocabulary. etc. A list or collection of terms or codes available for use. Get yours now! . if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.”5 According to Webster’s Ninth Collegiate Dictionary. Vocabulary is: Harimurti Kridalaksana. individual.1073 8 7 5 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.1935). Webster Ninth Collegiate Dictionary ( New York: Merriem Webster’s inc.127 6 Merriem. A sum or stock of words employed by a language group individual or work or in a field of knowledge. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.p.

if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.a. etc.9 From the definition above. etc. The Types of Vocabulary Nation has divided vocabulary in the specific reference. how to write and to spell it. subject. c. Productive Vocabulary: Knowing a word involves being able to pronounce the word. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. that vocabulary is a component of language and numbers of words by a person class. the vocabulary includes idioms and two words verb. All the word of Language. politic. social. b. profession. education.p. it also involves not using the word too often if it is typically a low frequency word and using it in a suitable Roget’s II. b. This includes being able to distinguish it from word with a similar form and being able to judge if the word form sounds right or look right. the New Thesaurus: The American Heritage Dictionary ( Boston198 0). An alphabetical list of words often defined or translated. Get yours now! 9 .1036 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. such a word. a. Receptive Vocabulary: Knowing a word involves being able to recognize it when it is heard (What is the sound like?) or when it seen (What does it look like?) and having an expectation of what grammatical pattern the word will occurrence. Specialized expression indigenous to a particular fields. 2. trade or subculture. how to use it in grammatical pattern along with the word in usually collocates with it. In the communication and every aspects of life such as in trade. business.

p. b. It means that vocabulary is of two kinds function and content words.p. the students are supposed to know how to pronounce it well. This type is often used in speaking and writing skill.29 Jo Ann Aeborsold and Mary lee Field. we know that every experts in every book is different in classifying the kinds of vocabulary. they are also hoped to familiar with collocation and understand the connotation meaning of the words.10 Jo Ann Aeborsold and Mary Lee Field Classified Vocabulary into two terms there are: a. ISP Nation.11Passive Vocabulary or comprehension consists of the words comprehended by the people. It means that to use the productive vocabulary. From Reader to Reading Teacher (New York: Cambridge University Pres. they must know and be able to use grammar of the language target.1977). Teaching and Learning Language (New York: New Burry house. Active Vocabulary refers to items the learner can use appropriately in speaking or writing and it is also called as productive vocabulary.139 11 10 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.situation using the word to stand for the meaning it represents and being able to think of suitable substitutes for the word if there any. although. Passive Vocabulary refers to a language items that can be recognizes and understood in the context of reading or listening and also called as receptive Vocabulary. because every person has different ways in showing and telling their opinions and ideas. it is more difficult to put into practice. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Get yours now! . From the explaining above. when they read and listen. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.1990). in fact.

It is supposed by Tang Li Shing in 12 Yang Zhihong. “English Teaching Forum. One who masters enough vocabulary will find fewer difficulties than those who have fewer vocabularies. Speaking.No. That is the mastery of language skills (Listening. and Writing).3. they will easily get the information from it since they can understand every word in the text. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Get yours now! .4(October: 1981). Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. If we want to communicate with others in certain language. Long and Richards explain that vocabulary like grammar is an essential component of all uses of language.13 B. When they read a certain text.3 July 2000 Tang Li Shing. Without vocabulary. we must master the language they belong to especially to know enough vocabulary of those language.p. The Use of Vocabulary Vocabulary is important in case it could helps the students to enjoy their classes.No. Mastery of vocabulary will be useful for the process of achieving language.XIX. He also states that having a limited vocabulary is also a barrier.”12 Furthermore.11 13 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Pictures Pictures are kinds of visual instruction materials might be used more effectively to develop and sustain motivation in producing positive attitudes towards English and to teach or reinforce language skills. those who lack of vocabulary will face a lot of problems.38. “Learning Words” English Teaching Forum. one cannot communicate to effectively or express idea.Vol.teaching objectives. On the others hand. Reading. Yang Zhihong who say that ”Words are the basic unit of language from supports it.

”A picture may not only be worth a thousand words it is may also be worth a thousand years or a thousand miles. “Picture is not just an aspect of method but through its representation of place.p.1980)Second Edition.1357 Andrew Wright. cut outs. and people.p.1987). Get yours now! . murals. Rhicards. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Picture For Language.29 16 14 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Photograph prints are most common. learning: Cambridge Handbook for Language Teacher(USA: Cambridge University Press.16 Vernon S Gerlach stated: “ Pictures are a two dimension visual representation of person. Methodology in TESOL: a Book of Readings. it is essential part of the overall experiences.105 15 Jean L. The Meaning of Pictures Jean L. or scene produce on a flat surface.His Article that “ The Picture had an irascible appeal for the children. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. graphs and maps are widely used…. p.1989).15 Meanwhile according to Andrew Wright. all of which are indispensable in teaching and learning a foreign language. C. object. but sketches. especially by painting.Mckenkchnie. drawing or photography. cartoons. or likeness of an object. Mckenchnie defines picture in Webster dictionary that “ Picture is an image. Webster New Twentieth Century Dictionary Unabridge(William Collins Publisher.(New York: Newburry House Publishers. person. charts. Michael H Long and Jack. They created suspense and surprises as well as interest. or things. places.”14 1.

Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. Through pictures. commercially. from areas far outside their own experiences.. Learner can be shown people.S. As it has been explained by Vernon. place and things from areas for outside their own picture can also represent image from ancient times or portray the future.”Picture may not only be worth a thousand miles.Emily. Teaching and Media a Systematic Approach 2nd (New Jersey: Prentice Hall). 1986).Through pictures. Elly. further more they expose real life situation although it happened a long time ago.produced flashcards.273 18 Ibid. they are easier to recall and to remember than words. or others and should be interactive and interesting to capture the students’ attention the purpose of using pictures for the students is to give them an opportunity to practices the language in real context or in situations in which they can make it to communicate their ideas.Gerlach and Donald p. hand drawn pictures.103 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.p. S. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. The use of pictures are more efficient and practice than words.p. articles.”19 Vernon.18 According to Ruth Gairns and Stuart Redman. Pictures can represent images from ancient times or portray the future.p.”Pictures can be formed such: wall charts. and of course illustration from course books and supplementary books. Get yours now! 19 17 . places and things.17 The kinds and numbers of pictures that the teacher should take with him to carry out the activities in class can be taken from magazines.1980. Working With Words: A Guide to teaching and Learning Vocabulary (USA: Cambridge University Press.273 Ruth Gairns and Stuart Redman.Gerlach and Donald P. learner can see people.

object. Vol. 1981) 20 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.From the meaning of pictures above. person. There are two kinds of pictures that Brazyna Szyke finds especially useful as teaching aids. October. Get yours now! . The Types of Pictures Through picture presentation.(English Teaching Forum. and a car.XIX. Using Pictures as Teaching Aids.4. or even experiences. 2. are useful for intermediate and advance learners.No. to introduce or test vocabulary items. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. But the realities that have been presented by pictures depend on the types of the pictures.20 Brazna Szyke. for example: a man. Pictures of situations in which person and object are “in action” between objects and people can be perfect teaching aid for introducing or reviewing grammatical or structures. Portraits. people are able to reach outside their minds. they are: a. The students can be asked question about the age and profession of the model b. Pictures that they can see always lead to the reality of their minds. pictures showing people in close details. it indicates that the pictures has exchanged and represented the real object into a simple device which has displayed a series of places. Pictures of individual persons or thing may be used mainly at the elementary level.

the cards can be used to demonstrate exactly what the teacher wishes. Pictures of fantasies h. John Pread. there are some types of pictures as their shapes: a. Sequence Picture is a series of pictures of a single subject it is function is tell a story or a sequence of events. Flash cards  Word Flash cards. Get yours now! . REIC Journal. pictures of several people and pictures of people inaction d. Pictures of single object c. Wall charts b. d. card with printed words on it can help up rapidly. Wall pictures: is simply a large illustration of scenes or events. p.Types of Pictures According to Andrew Wright Are: b. No. Pictures of the news i. c.12 21 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.” Measuring The Vocabulary Knowledge of Second Language Learners”. Pictures from history f. Picture of person: picture of famous person. Pictures with a lot of information g. 19. It is usually to be used with the whole of class. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Pictures of maps and symbols21 According to Betty Morgan Bowen. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.2 (December:1988). Pictures of places e.

Individual Picture These are single pictures of objects. Picture Flash cards. canteen. useful for the representation of a single concept. 1973). Composite Picture These are large single pictures. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. but rather for advertising or propaganda purposes. e. 13. Work cards Includes visual as well as text magazine pictures drawing maps and diagrams can be important part or work cards at all levels used for vanity of purposes. charts. c.Teach Series. Visual Aids In Language Teaching. Get yours now! 22 .23 Betty Morgan Bowen. d. advertisements. Hence.31 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.22 Meanwhile. railway station. Specialized Pictures (Posters. London: essential Language. person or activities such pictures very in size from small newspaper pictures and can be mounted singly. brochures) Wall posters are not designed specifically for teaching. street) in Which number of people can be seen doing things b. Look Here!. p. such as an object or in action. A Picture Series A picture series is a number of related composite pictures linked to form a series of sequences. beach. which show a scene (Hospital. Noor Azlina Yunus in his book grouped the picture into four groups: a. it is main function is to tell a story or sequence of events.

Pictures are useful for presenting new grammatical and vocabulary items. Pictures contribute to the context in which the language is being used. Preparing and using aids for English Language Teaching. discussion and story telling beside Horse five roles in using picture. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. d. c.p. Pictures can stimulate and provide information to be referred to in conversation. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.learning skills. f. Pictorial material allows for meaningful practice of vocabulary and structures presented by the teacher. Pictures can motivate the students and make him or her want to pay attention and want to take part. which the language teacher helps the student enter to an imaginative experience beyond the classroom. c. They bring the world into the classroom.(Kuala Lumpur. There are six reasons why using pictorial material: b.The description above teaching some language.49 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. there are six reasons why pictures helpful in teaching learning process. Get yours now! 23 . Oxford University Press. 1981). Noor Azlina Yunus. 3. Pictures can cue responses to questions or cue substitutions through control practice. The pictures can be described an objective way or interpreted or responded to subjectively. e. The Use of Pictures There are five roles of pictures: b.

Picture. 4. to read and to write. 6. They are inexpensive and widely available. The Advantages of Pictures Used Following are some opinions concerning with the advantages of using pictures.d. According to Vernon. 3. 2. Pictorial material can be used to supplement whatever textbook the teacher is using or whatever course he is following. They help to focus attention and to develop critical judgment. Pictorial material is easy to collect. 4. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. reading and research visual evidence is power tool. S. Pictorial material can also provide a stimulus for using the language at the reproduction and manipulation stages to speak. Get yours now! . They provide common experiences for an entire group. Pictures can be used for revision from one lesson to another as well as for long term revision of vocabulary and structures. The Advantages And Disadvantages of Picture Used a. of course can be used to provide more practice of the exercises that students have done using the text book. g. to make and to transport. They offer a stimulus to further study. The visual detail make it possible to study subject. e. 5. They can help you to prevent and correct disconcertion. Gerlach: 1. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. f. which would turn back to be impossible.

The letter includes the 24 Vernon. 3. The Disadvantages of Pictures Used There are some disadvantages of pictures used in teaching and learning process. Elly. 3. Small and unclear pictures may arouse problems in the teaching learning process since the students may misunderstand about the pictures.S. Teacher should avoid using pictures or photographs attack more attention to them than to the activity. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. He also should control the students’ activities including their attention during the teaching learning process. Get yours now! .7. The Meaning of Kindergarten Kindergarten is an educational program.p. The educational programs Kindergarten shares the common objective of helping the young child’s social. They are easily manipulated. 2. such as: 1.24 b. Kindergarten Students 1. emotional. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.277 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. The teacher should make or choose big and clear enough pictures in order to avoid misunderstanding about the pictures. The teacher should make or choose attractive simple pictures to avoid wasting time and money.serving child ages four through six. Students pay attention on the picture more than on learned material. 2.cit.Gerlach and Donald P. C. It takes time and costs much to provide attractive pictures. and academic development. Possible ways to overcome them are: 1. Op.

p.Kanak) of education and culture Department of Indonesia that kindergarten is an educational program for children between the ages Jefferson to Latin.com/kompas%2Dcetak/0105/14dikbud/neor09. This is affirmed at the GBPKB 1994 (Garis. The first educator opened the first kindergarten in Germany in 1837. Rahman. the development of an initial understanding of mathematics. 2002). helping the children education at home but also giving many chances to them to learn about their self ability.27 2. Get yours now! .444 Hibanana S. talent. He understood and respected the nature of young children education before their enter the public school. Kindergarten is the next level of education after playgroup before the children enter elementary school. but it will help the children to develop their knowledge. The Encyclopedia Americana. and their environment.26 Even though the kindergarten is not the obligation to every children to follow this program. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.25 In another definition. It is same with what said by Friedrich Froebel (1782.p. Konsep Dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini.htm 26 25 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. (Jakarta: PGTKI Press.16.35 27 http:/.1996 Vol. through their activities in the school.use of language.kompas. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. The Age and Characteristics of Kindergarten students We have known that the age criteria of kindergarten students are between 4 to 6 years old.Garis Besar Program Kegiatan Belajar Taman Kanak. creativity. Connecticut: Grollier Inorporated). The program helps the children in entering their first formal education.(Danbury.1852). beginning of learning in the social sciences and aesthetic appreciation.

The Socio.Emotional Development Children develop socially and emotionally during the kindergarten year. 29 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.(Bandung.cet ke-8. The Physical Development Physical activity is one common characteristic of kindergarten children.ca/doks/kindergarten/kindchild.45 http:/www.29 b. modeled and encouraged by the teacher. although children vary a great deal in development of physical skill abilities. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.28The children can show considerable empathy toward people and animals when their own needs do not conflict with the needs of others. 2001). The development of socio. When helpfulness is noticed. L.gov.of four to six. The kindergarten students’. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. 28 Zulkifli. So any child who ages four through six try to join one of educational program for children that is kindergarten to develop their knowledge and their creativity.html. Get yours now! . Psikologi Pembangunan. This also mentioned in the encyclopedia Americana that the kindergarten is an educational program serving for children ages four through six. those are: a. Kindergarten children are developing a sense of independent but are also learning to work cooperatively with others. have characteristics in common with other children of their ages and characteristics that are particularly their own.sasked. no matter what their cultural and experiential background.Rosda Karya.emotional between the children and their peers. helpful behavior is likely to become more common in the classroom. p.sk.

Madinah Kid’s School Madinah Kid’s School was built on May 19.cit.31 Hibana S. The Intellectual Development The children intellectual development is reflected in the rapid growth of vocabulary and the power to express ideas. Rahman. Hj. where three students for the Play Group A class.Most kindergarten students are full of energy. climb.Op.cit. Get yours now! .Loc. 31 32 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.35 Zulkifli. They are developing visual and auditory memory and the ability to listen to others.31 c.S Spd as a Head of the Foundation. addressed on Jalan Bukit Serpong Mas Blok D5 No. such as muscles.30 All of the physical activities are related to the motorist of the children include of three elements. In one of the educational book says that the cognitive development increase rapidly. 2004 . From the first Launching until now 30 Hibana S Rahman. four students for the Kindergarten A and one student for the Kindergarten B class.p. etc.Heksa A. and related each other in achieving the perfect motorist condition. On the first grand opening this school could get ten students. complete. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. two students for the Play group B class.32 3.11 by the owner of the foundation Mrs. active in following all activities such as run. That is very useful to the development of their body. nerves and brain.p.cit. Erida and her son Mr. to the children curiosity in learning from their surrounding environment. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. These elements relate each other in positive interaction that each of them support . Op. jump. 10.L. swing.

That is why this school using CBC (Competency Based Curriculum) with Life Skills Oriented. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.M. Social and Environment Oriented also Religious Oriented. There are five students for Play Group Class. Emotional Quotient. There are many facilities that can support the learning at school likes: Air conditioned room. Cahyadi Irawan.learning process. Miss Leny SPd as a teacher in Kindergarten A and Miss Riana Ariestika SPi as a teacher in Kindergarten B.Amd and one Cleaning service namely Mr. make a weekly report. good intelligence and good spiritual. In this case they have to have ability in communicating. Language Laboratory. H. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.MEd as a Principal and three teachers they are: Miss Indiastanti Prasetyo SPd as a teacher in Playgroup class. Spiritual Quotient. Global Oriented. Nine students for Kindergarten A class. During the teaching. This school was used English as a second language in daily teaching. and Five students for Kindergarten B class. Madinah Kid’s School has a vision to prepare our kids in the future to have a bright future as bright as blue sky.learning activity. And the mission of this school is not only make our children bright in exact lessons but also make them to be a person that has good in Intellectual Quotient.P. Play Ground and Out bone Zone. Get yours now! . Madinah Kid’s School was lead by Mr. Computer Laboratory. socializing. all teachers should prepare their material to teach such as: make a lesson plan everyday. Hatta MPd. Beside that this school has one administration staff namely Miss Indah Purnawati. and Adversity Quotient.this school has twenty one students. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.

if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. where the students do to make a line. field trip. Math area. recite Oath and greeting. prepare a media and things that are going to make by the students. There are also other activity that will prepare to the students. These areas were not given all in the one teaching – learning activity. super camp and competition. Religion area. doctor visiting. Sand area and Drama area. there are Discussion area. manasik haji. After that carry on to the next activity there are areas learning. Construction area. Continue with watering the plant. All the learning process was based on the area’s system. The teacher used to give a short games to find out which students that will go home early than other. Computer skill in the computer laboratory. The learning activity in this school usually begin with morning activity. The last is closing where all the students praying together by recite prays. then pray. Short holy qur’an. they are clinic visiting. and fish feeding. Beside learning activity by areas system. native speaker visiting. the student also completely with extra curricular activity such as audio visual learning in language laboratory. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Get yours now! . There are only four areas that the teacher should give to the students in once learning activity everyday. and swim. After that have a rest time to have a meal and play and then get the other areas. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.Monthly report in the connecting book. Write and Read area. Daily pray and Hamdallah. make a final term report.

To develop the model of teaching English vocabulary by using the pictures in kindergarten. 3. Research Subject The pupils and the teachers of Madinah Kid’s school Serpong – Tangerang pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. who can teach English at kindergarten. It is hoped that the teacher can use the information of the three points as basis for preparing the teaching learning process at school all ideas are related on these points will be discussed and analyzed. the research implementer and the research question. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. instrument. B. research subject. To know the appropriate method and technique that can support the teaching learning process in kindergarten.CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter discusses about: the objective of study. A. the place and time. To know the qualification of the English teacher. Get yours now! . if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. 2. the research method. The Objective of Study The main purposes of this study are looking for an appropriate concept that can be considered by teachers who want to teach English at kindergarten level which will include : 1.

Bukit Serpong Mas Block D5 No. on September 4th. E. 4. D. 2. The Research Method This study is conducted in the form of a survey. 10/11 Serpong Tangerang. Is picture media could attract the pupils attention in learning ? Are the pupils going to be more motivated in learning by using pictures media? 3. Get yours now! . Research Questions 1. Is it easier for the pupil to grasp the lessons trough picture media ? Are the pupils going to be bored when they learn the lessons through pictures media ? 5.C. Is the atmosphere in teaching and learning situation getting more active by using pictures media ? pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. The Research Implementer This research will be assisted by her fellow teachers as informants and observer. G. The Place and Time This research was taken in Madinah Kid’s school at Jl.30th 2006. This study is qualitative in nature. Instrument Observation guide and check list will be used in this research. F.

the classroom implementation and the research investigation. cognitive and arts in order to prepare entering the elementary education level. the syllabus. find out. Language laboratory . easy to socialize and has good intelligence students’. speaking. Because by playing kids have a chance to explore. create and learn in the fun way. expressed their feeling. The school realizes that all of those aims could be done by playing and learning activity . bilingual communication. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. This school try apply English language in everyday teaching learning process. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. That is why this school was completed with many facilities to support the teaching learning process to increase the students ability such as : Computer laboratory. The Curriculum and The Syllabus This school was used CBC (Competence Based Curriculum) on the teachinglearning process and integrates with many oriented such as: Life skills oriented. emotional.CHAPTER IV RESEARCH INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH OUTCOME This chapter discusses about: the curriculum. spiritual. other people and environment surrounding them. On the other hands playing will help kids could be recognized with their self. Get yours now! . A. outonomourship. social. These are purposes to increase the students potentials such as: moral. Materials books (English books). native speaker program pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. The syllabus or the lesson plan was made by integrating the national curriculum (CBC) and school oriented to build a communicative. Social and environment oriented and Religious oriented. Global oriented.

like: “do you what is this?” (in this case teacher point to the pictures of house part ) the teacher also explain a bit about the topic. Presentation stage need a good skill from teacher to explain the subject pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. The Classroom Implementation The teaching procedure are developed based on the theoretical framework and the analysis in the previous chapter. after that the teacher drills the students pronunciation and the meanings parts of house by letting the students repeat what the teacher pronounced and answering the questions given about parts of house. The method that was used in this presentation stages is discourse method that is submitting information or description concerning root of the matter verbally. the teacher greets the students and asks about their condition such as: “Assalamu’alaikum. for example “well students. today we are going to learn about home in English”. Next teacher asks some question about the topic to trigger the students’ knowledge. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. Here the teacher uses pictures for supporting the learning. B. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Teaching procedures are elaborated in three stages.and many other. they are: a. good morning students. how are you today?” these in order to warm up the situation. Presentation Stage On this occasion. Get yours now! . Then the teacher tells the students what are they going to learn at that day. The more information about the syllabus can be seen in the appendix of this skripsi.

in Madinah Kid’s school at Bukit Serpong Mas – Tangerang “Salam (Assalamu’alaikum) and good morning ” is used in greeting between the teacher and the students. c. The method was used in this practice stage is experiment method. the students have to draw a house by using “dot to dot” method and coloring the picture. In the last part of this stage the teacher concludes and closes the lesson by singing the new songs that the students learned (that is a window). In the first exercise. Greetings Generally. Teaching Procedures There are steps that the writer used in teaching vocabulary: 1. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. The children listening to the words given by the teacher and then they have to give a check mark on the pictures. The second exercise the students have to mention parts of house and tell about it. the teacher gives the students two kinds of exercises.b. For pronunciation exercise. To know their ability in understanding the subject. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Production Stage The teacher give an evaluation in listening test. Such as following short conversation : Teacher Students : “Assalamu’alaikum students ?” : “Wa’ alaikummussalam Miss” pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Then the teacher has to find out the students response according the lessons had given. d. Get yours now! . Practice Stage In this stage. to make students able to find various answer by themselves. the teacher must give the lesson step by step continually. The method was used here is dialogue method.

Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.3. The teacher asked the students to sing together the song that the teacher has sung first.5. Then the teacher asked the students to pronounce the words by themselves that is pointed by the teacher. good morning everybody ” : “How are you today ?” : “I am fine. thank you and you ?” : “I am fine too. After that the teacher asked the students to repeat the names of the house parts directly after the teacher. 2. To make the students pronounced and memorizing the words better. roof). The teacher singing while pointing into (window.4. 2.Teacher Students Teacher Students Teacher : “Good morning children” : “Good morning miss. Presentation Stage Starting lesson by showing the pictures of house parts 2. Get yours now! . the teacher asked the students some questions about house parts and teach the students the song “ that is a window ” teacher put the songs lyric on the white board.1. 2. The teacher put on the big picture of house parts on the white board.2. 2. door. The teacher asked the students whether they know the picture such as following : “do you know what picture is this ?” Then the teacher tells each picture of house parts. floor. thank you honey” 2. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine.

pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.1.5. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. four red windows. 3. The teacher asked the students about the pictures while she took the worksheet.2. 3. floor.2. the teacher must give some pictures of house parts in form of question. Practice Stage 3. To know the students ability in understanding vocabularies. Production Stage 4. and explain to them how to draw it.3. 4.4. Get yours now! . and roof.1. After the teacher feels satisfy with students pronunciation. In the first exercise. The teacher monitors the students activities and after the time is up. 3. door. 3. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. the teacher collect the students worksheet. the students have to draw a house by using “dot to dot ” method and coloring the picture they made. for an example : two green doors. 3. one blue roof. The teacher distribute the exercises sheet to all the students. The teacher evaluates their abilities in feed back of the exercise one and two. The teacher asks the students to stand up and sing together “that is a window song” and point to the window.6. the teacher begin to give the exercise about house parts in order to observed the students ability in spelling and memorizing words. students are able to answer the question correctly know the color and to count house parts.

3. 4. In this step the writer acts as the teacher and her fellow teacher’s act as observes. 5. 2. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. The Research Investigation It has been stated in chapter three that this study is aimed at answering the following questions: 1. The teacher asks his/her students some questions about pictures of house parts to know their ability.1. 5. 5.4. The teacher direct feedback of the evaluation test.2. C. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Closure 5. To help the observer’s check lists pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Conclusion of three study in that day.2. Is the atmosphere in teaching and learning situation getting more active by using picture media ? To get information observation are conducted. 5. Teacher closes the lesson by praying and singing “ Alhamdulillah and thank you Allah ” together. Get yours now! . Is picture media could attract the pupils attention in learning ? Are the pupils going to be more motivated in learning by using pictures media? 3.4. Is it easier for the pupil to catch the lessons trough picture media ? Are the pupils going to be bored when they learn the lessons through picture media ? 5. Singing “That is a window”.

8. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 5 anak 2 anak 3 anak 3 anak 11. 10. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. 7. Ada tidak siswa yang dalam pelajaran asyik berbicara dengan kawan? 2. 9. menjawab dengan tepat ? (Jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah para siswa langsung mengangkat tangan ketika diberi pertanyaan oleh guru ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah ada murid yang aktif bertanya kepada guru ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah ada anak yang aktif berkomentar tentang gambar ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah guru memberikan penjelasan tentang Ya Tidak √ √ Keterangan 3. 14. 4. Here is the check lists statement: CHECK LIST QUESTION AND STATEMENT No Pernyataan 1. 6. Ada tidak siswa yang dalam pelajaran memandang keluar kelas ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Ada tidak yang spontan merespon tentang gambar ? (jika ada berapa orang) Ada tidak anak yang mengantuk selama pelajaran ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Ada tidak anak yang bertanya tentang Gambar ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah semua siswa memperhatikan gambar dengan baik ? Adakah siswa yang acuh ketika diminta melihat gambar ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah guru memberikan pertanyaan tentang gambar ? Apakah ada siswa yang menjawab pertanyaan secara spontan ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) Apakah siswa yang menjawab pertanyaan. Get yours now! .are used to answer each question in the research question. 2 anak 3 anak pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. 9 anak 12. 13. 5.

Adakah siswa yang mewarnai gambar dengan sempurna ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 30. Apakah guru memantau murid pada saat murid mewarnai ? 32. Apakah guru memberikan pertanyaan dan komentar tentang gambar yang diwarnai murid 33. Adakah siswa yang tampak bosan ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 18. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Apakah para murid ikut serta bernyanyi ? 21.gambar ? 15. Apakah guru memberikan kertas yang bergambar rumah untuk diwarnai kepada murid ? 26. Apakah murid-murid menjadi lebih akrab dengan guru? 24. Adakah siswa yang asyik sendiri ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 17. Adakah siswa yang mengeluh. Apakah selama pengajaran murid-murid menjadi lebih aktif ? 23. Adakah murid yang diam dan tidak ikut bernyanyi ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 22. Adakah siswa yang tidak mau menyelesaikan mewarnai gambar ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 29. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. selama pelajaran berlangsung ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 19. Apakah seluruh siswa memperhatikan semua penjelasan guru ? 16. Adakah siswa yang membanggakan hasil karyanya ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 31. Get yours now! . Apakah guru menerangkan kembali setelah √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 5 anak √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 1 anak 8 anak 8 anak pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Apakah siswa yang mendapat kertas bergambar rumah terlihat antusias untuk mewarnainya ? 27. Apakah selama pengajaran guru menyelingi dengan nyanyian ? 20. Adakah siswa yang langsung hafal semua kosa kata baru dari gambar bagian-bagian rumah dalam bahasa Inggris yang ditunjukan ? (jika ada berapa orang ?) 25. Apakah semua siswa yang mendapat kertas bergambar rumah mau mewarnainya ? 28.

pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. at the beginning of the classes the teacher asked the following questions : Who prepared the lessons last night ? Did you ever show the lessons to your parents ? Is there anyone ever seen this picture ? Do you know what picture is this ? Do you like to see another picture ? 3.murid selesai mewarnai gambar ? 34. Get yours now! . if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. To get information about Question number two. To get information about number three we could see from the table above where the students looked more active to ask and answer the questions. The Research Outcome 1. 4. Apakah guru memberi evaluasi setelah pelajaran ? 35. The teacher’s and her fellow teacher’s who act as observer thinks that the used of pictures could attract the students motivation in learning activity. According to the table we could see that student were not boring at all. it could be seen from three times observation and only one student was not interested because has semi autism problem. 2. Adakah murid yang kesulitan memberikan jawaban saat evaluasi ? (jika ada berapa Orang ? ) √ √ D. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.

Get yours now! . It is true that the atmosphere in teaching and learning getting more active by using picture media. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.5. It could be seen from the table that most of the student were eager to ask and answer questions. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms.

4. but most of the students are not interested and motivated at all. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. Therefore. The use of pictures make the vocabulary learning more enjoyable and interesting because they can memories the meaning of the difficult words by singing the song with the pictures as key words and without asking another person or looking them up in the dictionary. the writer uses pictures as one of the strategies in teaching that benefits the students in many ways. The use of Pictures makes the class more active and alive. Pictures help the students to understand the difficult words easily by looking at the pictures. several conclusion are drawn and a number of suggestion are put forward deal with: A. The use of pictures could attract the students curiosity in learning new vocabulary. Based on the research. 5. Pictures are possibly used in teaching pronunciation and structure also. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. Conclusion Vocabulary is one of the important factors in all language teaching learning And the students must continually learn new words as they learn structure and as they practice sound system. 2. Get yours now! . 3. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION Based on the research investigation and its outcome in the fourth chapter. the writer conclude that : 1.

B. songs. clear and simple instruction. Suggestion The followings are suggestion from the writer for model of teaching vocabulary by using pictures for kindergarten students. games etc. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. The teacher should keep in control the students’ activities. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. It could be done by using pictures. 1. 2. The teacher should choose the technique and materials that are appropriate with the students’ needs and experiences so the class atmosphere become enjoyable and interesting. that there are so many approaching type and method that can be developed by teachers for having a good and enjoyable class situation to reach out the curriculum target. The teacher should creative and active to find various method to teach the kindergarten students. 4. 5. 3. Get yours now! . The teacher should give short. The teacher should present the language in an enjoyable and relaxed way. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.

Look Here! Visual Aids in Language Teaching (London: Essential Language. Kamus Linguistik. Semantic and Language Education (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. 1996. Connecticut.sk.edisi ke-3 (Jakarta: PT. Vocabulary. Jakarta Utara. Working With Words: A Guide to Teaching and Learning Vocabulary (USA Cambridge University Press. Vol.16 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.1977) Allen. Com/kompas%Dcetak/ 0105?dikbud/neor9. Get yours now! . 1973) DEPDIKBUD. 1993) Latin to Jefferson.gov. 1997) Bowen Morgan Betty. Grolier Incorporated). teaching and Media a Systematic Approach 2nd (New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2005 Gairns Ruth and Redman Stuart. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. From Reader to Reading Teacher (New york: Cambridge University Press. Classroom technique.BIBLIOGRAPHY Aeborsold Jo Ann and Field Lee Mary.sasked. 1995) http://kompas.Teaching Series.html http:/www. The Encyclopedia Americana. David.1986) Gerlach S Vernon and Elly P Donal. 1980) Hatch Evelyn and Brown Cheryl. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. (Danburry. (New York: Harcourt Brave Javanovich. M.ca/docks/kindergarten/kindchild. Kurikulum TK dan RA. Foreign Language and English as a Second Language.html Kridalaksana Harimurti. and Vallette Rebecca.

Teaching and Learning Language (New York: New Burry House. “Using Picture as Teaching Aid”: (English Teaching Forum. 1990) Pread John. XIX. inc.1980) Macmillan Collier International.1977) Nation ISP. Measuring The Vocabulary Knowledge of Second Language Learners. Maria. pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents.10 Rahman S Hibana. 1987) L .2001) Mackenkchnie Jean L. Psikologi Pembangunan. REIC Journal. The Key to the English Vocabulary (London:The Macmillan Company . (New York: New Burry House Publishers. Washington DC: Teachers of English to Speaker Of Other Language. 1991) Marianne. Zulkifli. Get yours now! . (Bandung: ROSDA Karya. No. (Jakarta: PGTKI Press 2002) Roget’s II The New Thesaurus: The American Heritage Dictionary (Boston 1980) Shing Tang Li. Current Perspektive on Pronunciation: Practice Anchored in Theory(Teaching Pronunciation as Communication). Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. Methodology in TESOL: a Book of Readings. English an Introduction to Language(Harcourt Brave Javanovich.Long Michael L and Richards Jack C./ 4 (Oktober: 1981) Szyke Brazna. 02 (December-1988) Pyles Thomas and Algeo John. A Division Of Macmillan Company. 19 No. Webster New Twentieth Century Dictionary Unabridge (William Collins Publisher. if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. English Teaching Forum. Konsep Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Celce.

Cambridge Handbook for Language Teacher. 1989) Yunus Noor Azlina. Compatible across nearly all Windows platforms. English Teaching Forum. 4.38. Learning Words.Vol. No. (Kuala Lumpur. Oxford University Press. USA : Cambridge University Press. 1981) Zhihong Yang. Oktober 1981 ) Webster Merriem Ninth Collegiate Dictionary (New York: Merriem Webster’s inc. Preparing and Using English language Teaching. Vol. (USA : G & G Merriam co. Webster’s College Dictionary. Get yours now! .03 July 2000 pdfMachine A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. 1935) Wright Andrew. Picture For Language Learning: Cambridge Handbook for Language Teacher (USA . if you can print from a windows application you can use pdfMachine. XIX No. 1978) Webster’s The Largest Abridgement of Webster’s New International Dictionary of English Language.