Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A.

Clouston

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Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Book of Wise Sayings Selected Largely from Eastern Sources Author: W. A. Clouston Release Date: April 18, 2007 [EBook #21130] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK BOOK OF WISE SAYINGS *** Produced by Bill Tozier, Barbara Tozier and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net BOOK OF WISE SAYINGS SELECTED LARGELY FROM EASTERN SOURCES

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston BY W. A. CLOUSTON

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Author of "Popular Tales and Fictions," "Literary Coincidences, and other Papers," "Flowers from a Persian Garden," etc. "Concise sentences, like darts, fly abroad and make impressions, while long discourses are tedious and not regarded."--BACON. "Many are the sayings of the wise, In ancient and in modern books enrolled."--MILTON. LONDON PUBLISHED BY HUTCHINSON & CO. AT 34 PATERNOSTER ROW 1893 PRINTED AT NIMEGUEN (HOLLAND) BY H. C. A. THIEME OF NIMEGUEN (HOLLAND) AND TALBOT HOUSE, ARUNDEL STREET LONDON, W.C. TO FRANCIS THORNTON BARRETT, CHIEF LIBRARIAN, MITCHELL LIBRARY, GLASGOW, THIS LITTLE BOOK, WITH FRIENDLY GREETINGS, IS INSCRIBED. PREFACE. Cynics may ask, how many have profited by the innumerable proverbs and maxims of prudence which have been current in the world time out of mind? They will say that their only use is to repeat them after some unhappy wight has "gone wrong." When, for instance, a man has played "ducks and drakes" with his money, the fact at once calls up the proverb which declares that "wilful waste leads to woful want"; but did not the "waster" know this well-worn saying from his early years downwards? What good, then, did it do him? Again, how many have been benefited by the saying of the ancient Greek poet, that "evil communications corrupt good manners"?--albeit they had it frequently before them in their school "copy-books." Are the maxims of morality useless, then, because they are so much disregarded? When a man has reached middle-age he generally feels with tenfold force the truth of those "sayings of the wise" which he learned in his early years, and has cause to regret, as well as wonder, that he had not all along followed their wholesome teaching. For it is to the young, who are about to cross the threshold of active life, that such terse convincing sentences are more especially addressed, and, spite of the proverbial heedlessness of youth, there will be found many who are not deaf to this kind of instruction, if their moral environment be favourable. But, even after the spring-time of youth is past, there are occasions when the mind is peculiarly susceptible to the force of a pithy maxim, which may tend to the reforming of one's way of life. There is

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston commonly more practical wisdom in a striking aphorism than in a round dozen of "goody" books--that is to say, books which are not good in the highest sense, because their themes are overlaid with commonplace and wearisome reflections.

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May we not find the "whole duty of man" condensed into a few brief sentences, which have been expressed by thoughtful men in all ages and in countries far apart?--such as: "Love thy neighbour as thyself," "Do unto others as ye would that they should do unto you." The chief themes of all teachers of morality are: benevolence and beneficence; tolerance of the opinions of others; self-control; the acquisition of knowledge--that jewel beyond price; the true uses of wealth; the advantages of resolute, manly exertion; the dignity of labour; the futility of worldly pleasures; the fugacity of time; man's individual insignificance. They are never weary of inculcating taciturnity in preference to loquacity, and the virtues of patience and resignation. They iterate and reiterate the fact that true happiness is to be found only in contentment; and they administer consolation and infuse hope by reminding us that as dark days are followed by bright days, so times of bitter adversity are followed by seasons of sweet prosperity; and thus, like the immortal Sir Hudibras, when "in doleful dumps", we may "cheer ourselves with ends of verse, and sayings of philosophers." In the following small selection of aphorisms, a considerable proportion are drawn from Eastern literature. Indian wisdom is represented by passages from the great epics, the Mahábhárata and the Rámáyana; the Panchatantra and the Hitopadesa, two Sanskrit versions of the famous collection of apologues known in Europe as the Fables of Bidpaï, or Pilpay; the Dharma-sastra of Manu; Bháravi, Mágha, Bhartrihari, and other Hindu poets. Specimens of the mild teachings of Buddha and his more notable followers are taken from the Dhammapada (Path of Virtue) and other canonical works; pregnant sayings of the Jewish Fathers, from the Talmud; Moslem moral philosophy is represented by extracts from Arabic and Persian writers (among the great poets of Persia are, Firdausí, Sa'dí, Háfiz, Nizámí, Omar Khayyám, Jámí); while the proverbial wisdom of the Chinese and the didactic writings of the sages of Burmah are also occasionally cited. The ordinary reader will probably be somewhat surprised to discover in the aphorisms of the ancient Greeks and Hindus several close parallels to the doctrines of the Old and New Testaments, and he will have reasoned justly if he conclude that the so-called "heathens" could have derived their spiritual light only from the same Source as that which inspired the Hebrew prophets and the Christian apostles. Among English writers of aphorisms Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, is pre-eminent, but none of his pithy sentences find place here, because they are procurable in many inexpensive forms, (e.g., Counsels from my Lord Bacon, 1892), and must be familiar to what is termed "the average general reader." The Enchiridion of Frances Quarles and the Resolves of Owen Feltham are, however, laid under contribution, as also Robert Chamberlain, an author who is probably unknown to many pluming themselves on their thorough acquaintance with English literature, some of whose aphorisms (published in 1638, under the title of Nocturnal Lucubrations) I have deemed worthy of reproduction. In more modern times, with the sole exception of William Hazlitt, our country has produced no very successful writer of aphorisms. Colton's Lacon; or, Many Things in Few Words, Addressed to Those who Think, went through several editions soon after its first publication in 1820; it is described by Mr. John Morley--and not unfairly--as being "so vapid, so wordy, so futile as to have a place among those books which dispense with parody"; it is "an awful example to anyone who is tempted to try his hand at an aphorism." Mr. Morley is hardly less severe in speaking of the "Thoughts" in Theophrastus Such: "the most insufferable of all deadly-lively prosing in our sublunary world." However this may be, assuredly other works of the author of Adam Bede will be found to furnish many examples of admirable apothegms. It only remains to add that, bearing in mind that a great collection of gravities commonly proves quite as wearisome reading as a large compilation of gaieties, or facetiæ, I have confined my selection of "sayings of the wise" within the limits of a pocket-volume.

If passion gaineth the mastery over reason. 1. . Hitopadesa.[1] Dante. To former joys recurring ever. Goldsmith: 4 O Memory! thou fond deceiver. and with the distinguished. Firdausí. Knowledge is destroyed by associating with the base. distinction. And kindness reconcile a deadly foe. BOOK OF WISE SAYINGS. 2. [1] Cf. Omar Khayyám. hard to be overcome--thy evil passions--should manfully be fought: he who conquers these is equal to the conquerors of worlds. And turning all the past to pain. the wise will not count thee amongst men. by W. 7. Harshness will alienate a bosom friend. 5. We in reality only know when we doubt a little. Clouston W. with equals equality is gained. To friends and eke to foes true kindness show. A. No kindly heart unkindly deeds will do. Dost thou desire that thine own heart should not suffer. The enemies which rise within the body. Still importunate and vain. Sa'dí. C.Book of Wise Sayings. A. 3. 4. redeem thou the sufferer from the bonds of misery. Bháravi. There is no greater grief in misery than to turn our thoughts back to happier times. 6. With knowledge comes doubt.

In the hour of adversity be not without hope." Selman. Those who wish well towards their friends disdain to please them with words which are not true. 9. wise men engage in mighty works. "Contentment--if you are able. A. Every moment that a man may be in want of employment. I asked an experienced elder who had profited by his knowledge of the world. as a weak man in the hands of an artful woman. Sa'dí. Nizámí. Like an earthen pot. 11. One common origin unites us all. like a vase of gold. The foolish undertake a trifling act. 15. a bad man is easily broken. Afghan. 12. and persevere. Clouston Goethe.Book of Wise Sayings. but every sort of wood does not give the perfume of the lignum aloes. Bháravi. but a virtuous man. 13. is broken with difficulty. and easily repaired. Mágha. Arabic. 14. for crystal rain falls from black clouds. "What course should I pursue to obtain prosperity?" He replied. and soon desist. and cannot readily be restored to his former situation. 10. by W. practise contentment. Reason is captive in the hands of the passions. 8. discouraged. 5 . than such I hold him to be far better who is forced to labour for nothing.

19. 17. 8. by W. Feels not the wants that pinch the poor. for he who reporteth the faults of others will report thine also. rosary and cross. 20.Book of Wise Sayings. Nor plagues that haunt the rich man's door. true houses of prayer. In no wise ask about the faults of others. A profusion of words is sure to lead to error. Clouston Hitopadesa. the friend who is the same in prosperity and adversity--these three things are the reward of virtue. Kaaba and temple. The son who delights his father by his good actions. Firdausí. 6 Let us not overstrain our abilities. And lives contentedly between The little and the great. Omar Khayyám. Nothing is more becoming a man than silence. will never pass for a gentleman. Horace. He that holds fast the golden mean. Bhartrihari. 22. A. 'Tis prayer that church bells waft upon the air. or we shall do nothing with grace. A clown. 18. Embittering all his state. Pagodas are. . All are but divers tongues of world-wide prayer. [2] Cf. 21. It is not possible to say much that is valuable and striking. La Fontaine. To abstain from speaking is regarded as very difficult. Talmud. like mosques. 16.[2] Mahábhárata. whatever he may do. the wife who seeks only her husband's good. James. It is not the preaching but the practice which ought to be considered as the more important. III.

24. You there find marrying and giving in marriage. for others to rest upon. which he might be by keeping it. XII. Lest fate surprise thee unawares Amid thy round of schemes and cares. newsmongers. [4] Eccles. 44. 10. war. by W.[4] Mahábhárata. and makes a man his prey. and you will find that almost all the transactions of the time of Vespasian differed little from those of the present day. Like one on gathering flowers intent. His action no applause invites Who simply good with good repays. agriculture. We cannot enjoy the good qualities of a friend if he seems to be none the better for them. 25. Aurelius. A man whose powers are yet unspent. IX. insolent pride. 1. misers. Bháravi. we find nothing but inconstant and deceiving waves. Begin betimes to practise good. and are nowhere. A. For when a man is known to be false in his word. falling. suspicions. sickness. educating children. 7 Consider. instead of a column. it is carried from the place we left it in. 43. he becomes a reed. 27. which. lovers. instead of earth to build upon. traffic. Death comes. Clouston 23. It was a false maxim of Domitian that he who would gain the people of Rome must promise all things and perform nothing.Book of Wise Sayings. He only justly merits praise Who wrongful deeds with kind requites. death. . buries him who is beneath. longing for the death of others. Whose thoughts are turned another way. Let a man's talents or virtues be what they may. men canvassing for consulship--yet all these passed away.[3] Panchatantra. Hazlitt. To-morrow's task to-day conclude. joyous holidays. and. we feel satisfaction in his society only as he is satisfied in himself. when we come next day to seek it. 26. laying of plots. [3] Matt. which no man will vouchsafe to lean upon. 28. V. flatterers. M. The friendship of the bad is like the shade of some precipitous bank with crumbling sides. Like a floating island.

A. In the height of thy prosperity expect adversity. Persian. and his load was not bound on. but still harder to know them thoroughly. 34. 33. dead is he. A prudent man will not discover his poverty. Hitopadesa. or his disgrace. the second. Quarles. for him who is gone and hath done no good work! The trumpet of march has sounded. Worldly fame and pleasure are destructive to the virtue of the mind. It is difficult to understand men. and the third. but fear it not. Tieck. 30. 31. Chinese. another understands so far as it is explained. 8 Men are of three different capacities: one understands intuitively. whose brow is branded with infamy. He is not dead who departs this life with high fame. altogether useless. the disorders of his house. thou art the more gently dispossessed of the happiness thou hadst. commendable. Schiller. 29. Machiavelli. though living.Book of Wise Sayings. anxious thoughts and apprehensions are injurious to the health of the body. by W. 35. Clouston Feltham. If it come not. . The first is excellent. 32. his uneasiness. his self-torments. If it come. and a third understands neither of himself nor by explanation. Alas. thou art the more sweetly possessed of the happiness thou hast. and the more firmly prepared. and the more strongly confirmed.

Chinese.Book of Wise Sayings. Hitopadesa. sc. Sa'dí. by W. wrinkled and lean. then out a lover starts. Coleridge.[5] Bhartrihari. 37. Men soon the faults of others learn. At last Death drops the curtain on the scene. A. like the stern-lights of a ship at sea. A few their virtues. Shakspeare: "All the world's a stage. 40. [5] Cf. the best informed take the precedence. Talmud. find out. Act II. 39. Affairs succeed by patience. 7. and by his thirst for wealth he gives pain to the inhabitants of both worlds. In learning. 9 Man is an actor who plays various parts: First comes a boy. 43. Anon. an aged sire. Human experience. Clouston 36. But is there one--I have a doubt-. lo! a beggar's rags." etc. age and youth go for nothing. Then he's a merchant with full money-bags. 38. illumines only the path which we have passed over. His garb is changed for. 41.Who can his own defects discern? Sanskrit.--As You Like It. Through avarice a man loses his understanding. and he that is hasty falleth headlong. . Mention not a blemish which is thy own in detraction of a neighbour. 42. too.

Clouston A man who has learnt little grows old like an ox: his flesh grows. by W. Richter. all the world grow wise. but of little use to him who cannot read it. Dante. while impure wealth brings with it many sorrows. 10 . Both white and black acknowledge women's sway. Hazlitt. No one is more profoundly sad than he who laughs too much. Goldoni. 50. 46. Sorrows are like thunder-clouds: in the distance they look black. All things would prosper. The heaven that rolls around cries aloud to you while it displays its eternal beauties. hardly gray. Chinese. 44. A. and yet your eyes are fixed upon the earth alone. So much the better and the wiser too. Richter. Unsullied poverty is always happy. Pope: Would men but follow what the sex advise. 47.Book of Wise Sayings.[6] Persian. 49. [6] Cf. Dhammapada. We are never so much disposed to quarrel with others as when we are dissatisfied with ourselves. over our heads. Or possibly they might their folly rue. This world is a beautiful book. 45. Deeming it most convenient to obey. but his knowledge does not grow. 48.

55. 56. Choose knowledge. 59. like those of light. Health is the greatest gift. Dhammapada. Chinese. an outcast kindly treat. nor man perfected without trials. 53. In this thing one man is superior to another. 54. The gem cannot be polished without friction. Demosthenes. Mahábhárata.Book of Wise Sayings. Firdausí. Chinese. Clouston 51. . by W. A. Longfellow. Philemon. Good fortune is a benefit to the wise. if thou desirest a blessing from the Universal Provider. And so thou shalt be blest in turn. are colourless when unbroken. contentedness the best riches. 57. for the ignorant man cannot raise himself above the earth. Great and unexpected successes are often the cause of foolish rushing into acts of extravagance. but a curse to the foolish. The rays of happiness. and it is by knowledge that thou must render thy soul praiseworthy. 11 Let none with scorn a suppliant meet. 58. that he is better able to bear adversity and prosperity. Or from the door untended spurn A dog. 52.

Not only is the old man twice a child. as water shapes itself to the vessel that contains it. 62. 65. are bad. A wise man adapts himself to circumstances. 61. but also the man who is drunk. 12 .Book of Wise Sayings. 63. Keep thy heart afar from sorrow. for who can be sure of being always happy? La Fontaine. 67. Clouston There are three things which. and be not anxious about the trouble which is not yet come. 66. very good: leaven. 64. and. Sa'dí. salt. To those who err in judgment. And human bliss is ever insecure. A. Wrapt up in error is the human mind. Talmud. Firdausí. in great quantity. Who aims at excellence will be above mediocrity. Plato. by W. and liberality. We ought never to mock the wretched. not in will. If thy garments be clean and thy heart be foul. 60. who aims at mediocrity will be far short of it. Burmese. Sophocles. Know we what fortune yet remains behind? Know we how long the present shall endure? Pindar. thou needest no key to the door of hell. anger is gentle. in little. Chinese.

R. He spends his time in outrage and acknowledgment. and then it both strengthens error . 75. Who is it that does not sometimes merit a check.Book of Wise Sayings. The greatest men sometimes overshoot themselves. to be easy. if not. by W. Johnson. We may be as good as we please. The round of a passionate man's life is in contracting debts in his passion which his virtue obliges him to pay. Barrow. Chamberlain. 71. Temple. all desire to be pleased. 72. few desire to learn. To reprehend well is the most necessary and the hardest part of friendship. 70. Clouston 68. or in bringing a man to safety who is travelling on the road to ruin? I grant there is a manner of reprehending which turns a benefit into an injury. 69. 74. injury and reparation. When a base fellow cannot vie with another in merit he will attack him with malicious slander. more than knowledge. Sir W. Tom Browne. if we please to be good. but then their very mistakes are so many lessons of instruction. Dhammapada. 13 He who formerly was reckless and afterwards became sober brightens up this world like the moon when freed from clouds. 73. If a man be not so happy as he desires. A. let this be his comfort--he is not so wretched as he deserves. or. Sa'dí. easiness. and yet how few will endure one? Yet wherein can a friend more unfold his love than in preventing dangers before their birth. or to think they need it. In conversation humour is more than wit.

and. A. . rather than fall into a just shame. Talmud. 79. the best friend is God. Goethe. good speeches in assemblies. may rouse the prostrate energies of those who meet misfortune with despondency. in love. in season. 80. like him who carries burdens for others.Book of Wise Sayings. The best preacher is the heart. by W. and have not gained treasure in their youth. for oftentimes the presence of a multitude makes a man take up an unjust defence. I put no account on him who esteems himself just as the popular breath may chance to raise him. 76. 81. though few and painful. though soiled. fortitude in adversity: these are the self-attained perfections of great souls. Hitopadesa. perish like old herons in a lake without fish. 82. mercy in greatness. 77. He who seeks wealth sacrifices his own pleasure. As drops of bitter medicine. though minute. Bháravi. but in the love which it was meant to mark. Feltham. Circumspection in calamity. Men who have not observed discipline. bears the load of anxiety. so words. which her lover gave: not in the object lies a present's worth. 78. Bháravi. Clouston 14 and wounds the giver. the best teacher is time. not in the ear of a popular convention. When thou chidest thy wandering friend do it secretly. may have a salutary force. the best book is the world. Dhammapada. Hitopadesa. A woman will not throw away a garland. uttered seasonably.

but never burns. Compared to those of duller parts. Talmud. or a man who is always blamed. yet inflicts no wound.Book of Wise Sayings. 84. An indiscreet man is more hurtful than an ill-natured one. he whose wife domineers over him. A. a man who is always praised. by W. and he who suffers bodily affliction. . Than running nags are to draw carts. his heart is warm. 88. 85. and those he wishes ill to. Sa'dí. A man of quick and active wit For drudgery is more unfit. 86. the other injures indifferently both his friends and foes. his actions are deliberate. A good man's intellect is piercing. 90. Clouston 83. Lavater. Dhammapada. yet ever true. 15 There are three whose life is no life: he who lives at another's table. Mágha. Talmud. All affectation is the vain and ridiculous attempt of poverty to appear rich. there never will be. Butler. his speech is eloquent. 89. Let thy words between two foes be such that if they were to become friends thou shouldst not be ashamed. 87. He who can feel ashamed will not readily do wrong. for as the latter will only attack his enemies. Addison. There never was. yet bold.

Our writings are like so many dishes. our readers. 95. an unkind kinsman is a stranger. to set out our own sterile plots. No. Bhartrihari.. The good to others kindness show. adopts the illustration of the plundering Romans in his Rambler. pour out of one vessel into another. the clouds when charged with fresh rain hang down near the earth: even so good men are not uplifted through prosperity. 143. by W. As apothecaries. 93. who was a great admirer of Burton. our guests. for as idle fellows to read.[8] Burton. That energy which veils itself in mildness is most effective of its object. A stranger who is kind is a kinsman. how these passages from Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy have been boldly plagiarised in the introduction to the fragment on Whiskers in Tristram Shandy: "Shall we for ever make new books as apothecaries make new mixtures. our books. in his Illustrations of Sterne. they know. pick the choice flowers of their tilled gardens..[7] Mahábhárata. The best and greatest men. but cannot be said to live. like beauty--that which one admires another rejects. indeed. Mágha. 'tis but some bauble or toy. and as those old Romans robbed all cities of the world to set out their bad-cited Rome. Hitopadesa.Book of Wise Sayings. 16 The man who neither gives in charity nor enjoys his wealth. VI. 96. 34. Such is the natural character of the liberal. Thus ever nobly love to act. Johnson. 35. . if it be a new invention. And from them no return exact. [8] Ferriar has pointed out. We weave the same web still. Luke. Hitopadesa. which every day increases. we make new mixtures every day. Clouston 91. by only pouring out of one vessel into another? Are we for ever to be twisting and untwisting the same rope?" And Dr. 94. which idle fellows write. 92.. A. Trees loaded with fruit are bent down. like the bellows of a smith. [7] Cf. or. we skim off the cream of other men's wits. breathes. twist the same rope again and again. so we are approved as men's fancies are inclined.

Fuller. for where truth is not at the bottom Nature will always be endeavouring to return. There is not half so much danger in the desperate sword of a known foe as in the smooth insinuations of a pretended friend. it is. and I know even in this matter a good number of men who are women. 99. and will peep out and betray herself one time or other. in itself. 103. As blind men use to bear their noses higher Than those that have their eyes and sight entire. 100. Feltham. and made it far more difficult than.Book of Wise Sayings. 101. pride. but in taking away some fire. Our errors of opinion. 102. It is difficult to personate and act a part long. Butler. Cervantes. 104. Clouston 97. La Fontaine. . Tillotson. and arrogance. All kinds of beauty do not inspire love: there is a kind of it which pleases only the sight. Nothing is so oppressive as a secret. but does not captivate the affections. R. 17 It is our follies that make our lives uncomfortable. 98. Chamberlain. by W. Contentment consisteth not in heaping more fuel. it is difficult for ladies to keep it long. A. and our eagerness after unnecessary gold have hampered the way of virtue. The truest characters of ignorance Are vanity. It is better to be well deserving without praise than to live by the air of undeserved commendation. our cowardly fear of the world's worthless censure.

107. Sir P. 105. when they do not require it they allow it to remain unbent. To exert his power in doing good is man's most glorious task.Book of Wise Sayings. speech. 111. or be struck with paralysis. by W. inquiry. trust in a stranger. Never put thyself in the way of temptation: even David could not resist it. habits. 18 By six qualities may a fool be known: anger. Arabic. and appearances. Clouston R. Sophocles. without breaking the monotony by cheerful amusements. Johnson. 108. without an object. Men are not to be judged by their looks. Pride is a vice which pride itself inclines every man to find in others and overlook in himself. and incapacity to discriminate between friend and foe. without motive. without cause. L'Estrange. Chamberlain. He travels safe and not unpleasantly who is guarded by poverty and guided by love. Sir R. without profit. for otherwise it would be unserviceable when the time for using it arrived. change. Herodotus. . he would fall imperceptibly into idiotcy. but by the character of their lives and conversations. 'Tis better that a man's own works than another man's words should praise him. Those who are skilled in archery bend their bow only when they are prepared to use it. If he were to devote himself unceasingly to a dull round of business. So it is with man. 112. 106. Talmud. 109. Sidney. A. 110.

and the more powerfully. by W. 115. is nothing. for what is pleasure after the departure of time? and the most consolatory. for like patience is there no appliance effective of success. Von Humboldt. Be patient. rather lean Upon thyself. I all things knew. conducting us to the Incomprehensible. Anger that has no limit causes terror. 113. If a man speak or act with a pure thought. but regard it as the highest finite good. Clouston 19 Blinded by self-conceit and knowing nothing. Dhammapada. never damped by failure. 117. 114. If the friendship of the good be interrupted. it is founded on our thoughts. True happiness consists in self-reliance. Listen to its voice. A. happiness will follow him. Like elephant infatuate with passion. Time is the wheel-track in which we roll on towards eternity. in which all finite things are resolved. trust to thine own exertions: Subjection to another's will gives pain. like a shadow that never leaves him. Manu. 118. their minds admit of no long change. as when the stalks of a lotus are broken the filaments within them are more visibly cemented. Hitopadesa. and unseasonable kindness does away with respect.Book of Wise Sayings. Sa'dí. Bháravi. Depend not on another. and now I live In the plain sense of what a fool I am. . Be not so severe as to cause disgust. producing certainly abundant fruit of actions. All that we are is made up of our thoughts. since pain. and it ripens us the more. Like some disease. when pain has passed. nor so lenient as to make people presume. I thought within myself. when we duly estimate it. conquering all impediments. Bhartrihari. Time is the most important thing in human life. my conceit. 116. if thou wouldst thy ends accomplish. But when by slow degrees I somewhat learnt By aid of wise preceptors. passed off. it is made up of our thoughts. do not waste it. 119. In its progress there is a ripening power.

Carlyle. Plume thee not on thy lusty youth and strength: Full many a bud is blasted ere its bloom. 124. Poverty. and force on him. passion breaks through an unreflecting mind. A great part of his guidance is secure against fatal error. surrounds a man with ready-made barriers. Clouston As rain breaks through an ill-thatched house. The best thing is to be respected. it is bad to be hated. tempted. 125. Goethe. do at least prescribe for him. Omar Khayyám. 120. again. Buddhist. are of limited faculties. without goal or barrier. course. a sort of course and goal. 122. Chinese. A. To be envied is a nobler fate than to be pitied. and. If you injure a harmless person. like light dust thrown up against the wind. every one sets a value on certain qualities in himself and others: these alone he is willing to favour. even the most accomplished. is withdrawn from his control. which if they do mournfully gall and hamper. the next. He only does not live in vain Who all the means within his reach Employs--his wealth. but still worse to be despised. Pindar. these alone will he have cultivated. save of his own choosing. his thought. And many a sprightly rose made woe-begone. . by W. a safe and beaten. The rich. is to be loved. though a circuitous. the evil will fall back upon you. Dhammapada. has his whole life to guide. 126. his speech-.T'advance the weal of other men. 121. Sanskrit. is too likely to guide it ill. By Fate full many a heart has been undone.Book of Wise Sayings. 123. we may say. 20 Most men.

therefore an everlasting contradiction to himself. Every thought we have is a sand running out of the glass of life. who fear to sin. Longfellow. with the hook. he establishes one foot before he takes up the other: an old place should not be forsaken recklessly. 21 In the life of every man there are sudden transitions of feeling. The pure in heart. A. 132. may be reached with the arrow. be not a man of many words. 129. but the changes themselves are instantaneous. 130. by W. At once. A wise man takes a step at a time. wherein every moment is a step towards death. Buddhist. Man is an intellectual animal. 131. The good. as if some magician had touched the heavens and the earth.[9] Burmese. Hazlitt. XXV. The fish dwell in the depths of the waters. 133. A mere physical being or a pure spirit can alone be satisfied with itself. his ideas reach to the ends of the universe.These are the beings in the world Whose nature should be called divine. which seem almost miraculous. the one. lay aside anger. [9] Cf. the wind falls. and apparently without sufficient cause. Proverbs. The causes which produce these changes may have been long at work within us. Firdausí. 3. Sanskrit. so that he is torn in pieces between the two without the possibility of its ever being otherwise. and the eagles in the sides of heaven.Book of Wise Sayings. and serenity succeeds the storm. though deep. Clouston 127. His senses centre in himself. and parade not thy virtues in the face of others. but the heart of man at a foot's distance cannot be known. The life of man is the incessant walk of nature. Even our growing to perfection is a progress to decay. kindly in word and deed-. . and the other. 128. the dark clouds melt into the air. though high. If thou desirest that the pure in heart should praise thee.

nor poverty comparable to the want of patience. Why shrills the bird of dawning his lament? It is to show in dawn's bright looking-glass How of thy careless life a night is spent. 139. or as full of pain. it may be. And virtuous men hold virtue dear: An inward voice they seem to hear. as God hath scattered upon thee. and sorrow. As far and wide the vernal breeze Sweet odours waft from blooming trees. from fear That righteous men injustice shun. Chamberlain. Whether he can speak of life as cheerful and delicate. too. Be thou generous. 136. by W. Goethe. never yet have I seen one who wished to die. 'Tis not for gain. Clouston Feltham. and forgiving. In this world. Omar Khayyám. Firdausí. So. . 134. 141. R. 140. anxiety. the grateful savour spreads To distant lands of virtuous deeds. Sa'dí. scatter thou upon others. When morning silvers the dark firmament. 137. 22 I have observed that as long as a man lives and exerts himself he can always find food and raiment. Which tells them duty must be done. not of the choicest description. There are no riches like the sweetness of content. however little happiness may have been our portion. yet have we no desire to die. for fame. 138.Book of Wise Sayings. and gentle. 135. Sanskrit. Mahábhárata. though. A.

so that he passes a wrong judgment upon what is just. Burmese. Suffering is the necessary consequence of sin. A man eminent in learning has not even a little virtue if he fears to practise it. a just man gains the reward of his virtue. by W. good. Good actions lead to success. 144. in preference to truth. This is a mistake. Clouston In the body restraint is good. which enables us rightly to understand the true meaning and connection of the text with its moral and its beauties. whether it happens to be done by himself or by another. Dhammapada. . good is restraint in speech. For he who intends to be a great man ought to love neither himself nor his own things. and beautiful. Purpose without power is mere weakness and deception. thinking that he ought always to honour what belongs to himself.Book of Wise Sayings. but only what is just. and that it is right that it should be so. Schopenhauer. Riches disclose in a man's character the bad qualities formerly concealed in his poverty. just as when you eat a sour fruit a stomach complaint ensues. for in fact the cause of all the blunders committed by man arises from this excessive self-love. and a diligent man attains learning. For the lover is blinded by the object loved. Plato. as good medicines to a cure: a healthy man is joyful. 143. 148. A. Sa'dí. the next thirty furnish the commentary upon it. in thought restraint is good: good is restraint in all things. What precious things can be shown to a blind man when he holds a lamp in his hand? Hitopadesa. 147. 23 Men say that everyone is naturally a lover of himself. Hitopadesa. 145. 142. 146. The first forty years of our life give the text. and power without purpose is mere fatuity.

Selden. especially. Authority intoxicates. and the clergy for the laity. Ramáyána.The most prolific source of true success-. 24 Whate'er the work a man performs. And makes mere sots of magistrates. and vain. Increase in goodness as long as thou art here. A. the laity for the clergy. And make men giddy. Burmese. it is life that touches his genuine worth. and yet everybody is content to hear. of his passions. Clouston Arabic. when thou departest. 150. According to our words and deeds in this life will be the remembrance of us in the world. for he rates himself sometimes too low. without despondency. Parents' affection is best shown by their teaching their children industry and self-denial. 154. . 155. proud. The most effective aid to its completion-. And cowards make the base submit. let him beware of his appetites. in that thou mayest still be joyful. Firdausí. The sot assumes the rule of wit. and when old. By this the fool commands the wise. 151. 153. The noble with the base complies. The fumes of it invade the brain. Humility is a virtue all preach. by his own measurement. Confucius. There are three things to beware of through life: when a man is young. 149. 152. none practise. Goethe. when he is middle-aged.Book of Wise Sayings. by W.Is energy. Butler. of covetousness. and often too high. No man learns to know his inmost nature by introspection. The master thinks it good doctrine for his servant. Man knows himself only by comparing himself with other men. that.

157. True modesty and true pride are much the same thing. Chinese. 163. A. erect like the lofty palm. and the most cunning finds himself caught by what he had prepared for another. 161. but all men do not laugh for the same reason.Book of Wise Sayings. Clouston 156. 25 He who devises evil for another falls at last into his own pit. Schiller. Both consist in setting a just value on ourselves--neither more nor less. 159. 160. from the flash of wit. But virtue without guile. Hazlitt. rises with greater vigour when it is oppressed. There is the low joke which arises from scurrility and idle conceit. Worldly fame is but a breath of wind. a prudent wife obeys her husband. I never yet found pride in a noble nature nor humility in an unworthy mind. Dante. Feltham. 162. by W. 158. Never does a man portray his own character more vividly than in his manner of portraying another. There is the attic salt which springs from the charm in the words. . Laughing is peculiar to man. A foolish husband fears his wife. He who has given satisfaction to the best of his time has lived for ages. Richter. Metastasio. and changes name as it changes sides. that blows now this way. from the spirited and brilliant sally. now that.

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston Goldoni. 164. The woman who is resolved to be respected can make herself be so even amidst an army of soldiers. Cervantes. 165. Petty ambition would seem to be a mean craving after distinction. Theophrastus. 166. It is an old observation that wise men grow usually wiser as they grow older, and fools more foolish. Wieland. 167.

26

Use law and physic only for necessity. They that use them otherwise abuse themselves into weak bodies and light purses. They are good remedies, bad businesses, and worse recreations. Quarles. 168. In some dispositions there is such an envious kind of pride that they cannot endure that any but themselves should be set forth as excellent; so that when they hear one justly praised they will either openly detract from his virtues; or, if those virtues be, like a clear and shining light, eminent and distinguished, so that he cannot be safely traduced by the tongue, they will then raise a suspicion against him by a mysterious silence, as if there were something remaining to be told which overclouded even his brightest glory. Feltham. 169. Every man thinks with himself, I am well, I am wise, and laughs at others; and 'tis a general fault amongst them all, that which our forefathers approved--diet, apparel, humours, customs, manners--we deride and reject in our time as absurd. Burton. 170. Repeated sin destroys the understanding And he whose reason is impaired repeats His sins. The constant practising of virtue Strengthens the mental faculties, and he Whose judgment stronger grows acts always right. Mahábhárata.

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston 171.

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If you wish to know how much preferable wisdom is to gold, then observe: if you change gold you get silver for it, but your gold is gone; but if you exchange one sort of wisdom for another, you obtain fresh knowledge, and at the same time keep what you possessed before. Talmud. 172. The man who listens not to the words of affectionate friends will give joy in the time of distress to his enemies. Hitopadesa. 173. It is a proverbial expression that every man is the maker of his own fortune, and we usually regard it as implying that every man by his folly or wisdom prepares good or evil for himself. But we may view it in another light, namely, that we may so accommodate ourselves to the dispositions of Providence as to be happy in our lot, whatever may be its privations. Von Humboldt. 174. Be very circumspect in the choice of thy company. In the society of thy equals thou shalt enjoy more pleasure; in the society of thy superiors thou shalt find more profit. To be the best of the company is the way to grow worse; the best means to grow better is to be the worst there. Quarles. 175. Assume in adversity a countenance of prosperity, and in prosperity moderate thy temper. Livy. 176. Mark this! who lives beyond his means Forfeits respect, loses his sense; Where'er he goes, through the seven births, All count him knave: him women hate. Hindu Poetess. 177. Be cautious in your intercourse with the great; they seldom confer obligations on their inferiors but from interested motives. Friendly they appear as long as it serves their turn, but they will render no assistance in time of actual need. Talmud.

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston 178.

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Man, though he be gray-headed when he comes back, soon gets a young wife. But a woman's time is short within which she can expect to obtain a husband. If she allows it to slip away, no one cares to marry her. She sits at home, speculating on the probability of her marriage. Aristophanes. 179. Hearts are like tapers, which at beauteous eyes Kindle a flame of love that never dies; And beauty is a flame, where hearts, like moths, Offer themselves a burning sacrifice. Omar Khayyám. 180. When thou utterest not a word thou hast laid thy hand upon it; when thou hast uttered it, it hath laid its hand on thee. Sa'dí. 181. To the tongue which bringeth thee words without reason, the answer that best beseemeth thee is--silence. Nizámí. 182. The man who talketh much and never acteth will not be held in reputation by anyone. Firdausí. 183. Two sources of success are known: wisdom and effort; make them both thine own, if thou wouldst haply rise. Mágha. 184. The worse the ill that fate on noble souls Inflicts, the more their firmness; and they arm Their spirits with adamant to meet the blow. Hindu Drama. 185. Opportunities lose not, for all delay is madness; 'Mid bitter sorrow patience show, for 'tis the key of gladness. Turkish.

We often see misery dwelling in the midst of splendour. and love of pleasure is that which renders us most despicable. or kindred. and despite of what the poet says about "the loud laugh that speaks the vacant mind. and with louder cries. and for precisely the same reason. Let us then laugh while we may. Clouston 186." The mind should occasionally be vacant. the end of his life be fortunate. Love of money is the disease which renders us most pitiful and grovelling. but harsh words are hateful--a wound inflicted by them does not heal. a privilege which was not bestowed on him for nothing. 193.Book of Wise Sayings. as the land should sometimes lie fallow. 189. 192. Mahábhárata. for it is seated in the heart. no matter how broad the laugh may be. Juvenal. A. A wound inflicted by arrows heals. 29 Man is the only animal with the powers of laughter. Arrows of different sorts can be extracted from the body. unless. Sanskrit. Menander. 188. Egerton Smith. 191. In one short verse I here express The sum of tomes of sacred lore: Beneficence is righteousness. Longinus. 190. . 187. whilst real happiness is found in humbler stations. a wood cut down by an axe grows. The man of affluence is not in fact more happy than the possessor of a bare competency. but a word-dart cannot be drawn out. We can accomplish every thing by diligence and labour. Lost money is bewailed with deeper sighs Than friends. by W. Herodotus. He who labours diligently need never despair. Oppression's sin's malignant core. in addition to his wealth.

by W. and crimes than our ignorance. if he get sometimes a few commendations from the judicious. and the son of man stands hesitating between the two.Book of Wise Sayings. Let what is really meritorious be pronounced so by the candid judge after due investigation. He who hath a wife maketh offerings in his . The wife is half the man. the brute. Hitopadesa. Talmud. All the blessings of a household come through the wife. One of the diseases of this age is the multitude of books. but a book-writer. a wife is the source of his religion. Goethe. faults. in savage ignorance. and his love. 199. for his pay is a penny a patch. She is a wife who is notable in her house. Goethe. Clouston To address a judicious remark to a thoughtless man is a mere threshing of chaff. Certain books seem to be written. she is a wife whose husband is as her life. therefore should her husband honour her. she is a wife who is obedient to her lord. Barnaby Rich. 197. but in order that we might see how much the author knows. A. The angel grows up in divine knowledge. blockheads alone are influenced by the opinion of others. 200. she is a wife who beareth children. 196. his worldly profit. 195. 194. not that we might learn from them. a wife is man's dearest friend. he shall be sure to reap a thousand reproaches from the malicious. 30 All that is old is not therefore necessarily excellent. all that is new is not despicable on that account alone. 198. We rather confess our moral errors. Persian. Hindu Drama. this writing of books: a man were better to sing in a cobbler's shop. It is a thriftless and a thankless occupation.

While the slightest inconveniences of the great are magnified into calamities. Marcus Aurelius. Goldsmith. 202. and yet some of the lower ranks of people undergo more real hardships in one day than those of a more exalted station suffer in their whole lives. Their thoughts must always necessarily be somewhat similar to their employments. Be modest and simple in your deportment. while tragedy mouths out their sufferings in all the strains of eloquence. what else dost thou want? Talmud. It is impossible for those who are engaged in low and grovelling pursuits to entertain noble and generous sentiments. Demosthenes. 204. Wives are friends. 207. soothe you in your retirement. A. the miseries of the poor are entirely disregarded. Those who have wives are blest with good fortune. and treat with indifference whatever lies between virtue and vice. . obey God. Talmud. Love the human race. If thou lackest knowledge. He that increaseth not his knowledge diminishes it. but knowledge endureth to the end of time.Book of Wise Sayings. Mahábhárata. The interval is immense between corporeal qualifications and sciences: the body in a moment is extinct. by their kind and gentle speech. and they are refreshment to those who are travellers in the rugged paths of life. 206. 205. Clouston house. 203. 31 He that is ambitious of fame destroys it. In your distresses they are as mothers. what hast thou then acquired? Hast thou acquired knowledge. Hitopadesa. who. by W. He that uses the crown of learning as an instrument of gain will pass away. 201.

Clouston Bootless grief hurts a man's self. Arabic. 209. 210. Hitopadesa. Mahábhárata. Arrianus. 208. Dhammapada. A. . long for winter's snow. Talmud. full of colour but without scent. 215. The best conduct a man can adopt is that which gains him the esteem of others without depriving him of his own. 212. 32 Just as the track of birds that cleave the air Is not discovered. Most men the good they have despise. 214. When men are doubtful of the true state of things. their wishes lead them to believe in what is most agreeable. And blessings which they have not prize: In winter. he who has wealth has relations. wish for summer's glow. Poverty without debt is independence. Chamberlain. Sanskrit. so the course of those Who do good actions is not always seen. he who has wealth is a hero among the people. he who has wealth is even a sage. In summer. R. are the fine but fruitless words of him who does not act accordingly. 211. nor yet the path of fish That skim the water. 213. He who has wealth has friends. by W.Book of Wise Sayings. but patience makes a jest of an injury. Like a beautiful flower.

that the one is an arrow still in our possession. he none descries. richly plumed. sometimes Our wish is gained. he would not be supposed to go there for prayer. and his fortune is then exalted. 218. and gifts unsought Are ours. Hindu Poetess. And thus the poetaster shows When he would fain his verse recite. An evil-minded man is quick to see His neighbour's faults. Goethe. 219. Jámí. 221. Sa'dí. With regard to a secret divulged and kept concealed. these all are God's own work. there is an excellent proverb. Sa'dí. the other is an arrow sent from the bow. The dull-hued turkey apes the gait Of lordly peacock. Hindu Poetess. The thing we want eludes our grasp. 220. A. The loss of a much-prized treasure is only half felt when we have not regarded its tenure as secure. Mahábhárata. though their principles may have made no impression upon him. and he who knew but did not practise. 216. But when he turns his eyes towards his own. Two persons die remorseful: he who possessed and enjoyed not. . by W. though small as mustard seed. Clouston 33 Whoso associates with the wicked will be accused of following their ways. Some other thing is given. as a small river attains the irremeable ocean. Knowledge acquired by a man of low degree places him on a level with a prince.Book of Wise Sayings. 217. just as if a person were in the habit of frequenting a tavern. but to drink intoxicating liquor. Though large as bilva fruit. 222. Hitopadesa.

who is diligent. Amongst all possessions knowledge appears pre-eminent. 34 If a man conquer in battle a thousand times a thousand men. broad. A vacant mind is open to all suggestions. 228. And cozen with their kindness. 224. Women are ever masters when they like. and in the evening they stretch long. XVI. 225. 230. 226. you may recover your balance. at noon we trample them under foot. unremiss. and is full of learning. because it can never be lost. Longfellow. The shadows of the mind are like those of the body. Chinese. as the hollow mountain returns all sounds. Burmese. 32. The man who is in the highest state of prosperity. he is the greater of conquerors. and deepening before us. and who thinks his fortune is most secure. they have spells Superior to the wand . is esteemed a wise man. He who is full of faith and modesty. has no price. In the morning of life they all lie behind us. and can at no time be destroyed. A. 227. Clouston 223. knows not if it will remain unchanged till the evening. Telugu. 229. Hitopadesa. Prov. Demosthenes. and full of understanding--he.[10] Dhammapada. [10] Cf. The wise call it supreme riches. who shrinks from sin. If your foot slip. you cannot recall your words.Book of Wise Sayings. by W. being replete with these seven things. but if your tongue slip. and if another conquer himself.

Simonides. methought Answers to all life's problems I had wrought. Machiavelli. or anything that is worse than a bad one. because she changes her times and he does not his ways. and a wise man among fools. 234. a horse among asses. But now. Chinese. 237. 236. 35 The wife of bad conduct--constantly pleased with quarrelling--she is known by wise men to be cruel Old Age in the form of a wife. 233. Like softest music on the listening ear. Firdausí. A man having prospered by one mode of acting can never be persuaded that it may be well for him to act differently. by W. 231. grown old and wise. ere youth's conceit had waned. By nature all men are alike. and all my lore is nought. 238. a lion among bulls. Omar Khayyám. A swan is out of place among crows. Mágha. Whilom. . Burmese. whence it is that a man's Fortune varies. 232. 235. too late I see My life is spent. I have often thought that the cause of men's good or ill fortune depends on whether they make their actions fit with the times. but by education very different. Clouston of the magicians. A man cannot possess anything that is better than a good wife. Panchatantra. A. Weak men gain their object when allied with strong associates: the brook reaches the ocean by the river's aid.Book of Wise Sayings. And from their lips the words of wisdom fall.

that he who will deceive may always find him that will lend himself to be deceived. Hazlitt. that it was the juice [or daughter] of sour grapes. the moon illumines the beds of water-lilies. Clouston 36 Whosoever does not persecute them that persecute him. 243. or a contempt for our company. Obstinate silence implies either a mean opinion of ourselves. he who is cheerful under his sufferings--these are the friends of God. The sun opens the lotuses. Arabic. Boileau. It is intolerable that a silly fool. For it is no disgrace to new wine. "They shall shine forth like the sun at noontide. A. He is rich. Bhartrihari. desire not to be too rich. 244. 241. by W. and vaunt an honour which does not belong to him. with nothing but empty birth to boast of. not that possesses much. the cloud pours forth its water unasked: even so the liberal of their own accord are occupied in benefiting others. 242. as to its taste." Talmud. and then conciliate or reject him accordingly. whosoever takes an offence in silence. Goethe. should in his insolence array himself in the merits of others. If thou desire not to be poor. if only it be sweet. and yield so much to necessity. 239. he who does good because of love. and of them the Scripture says. Ask not a man who his father was but make trial of his qualities. 245. We blame equally him who is too proud to put a proper value on his own merit and him who prizes too highly his spurious worth. 240. and it is the more provoking. as others do not know to which of these causes to attribute it--whether humility or pride. Men are so simple. but he that covets . Machiavelli.Book of Wise Sayings.

248. 247. 251. the covetous mind wants. Quarles. 246. Books are pleasant. will receive neither return nor praise from anyone. the good may feel affection for others.Book of Wise Sayings. Butler. but he that wants too much. for he who through vain glory spendeth uselessly what he hath on empty follies. 249. Firdausí. Clouston 37 no more. The contented mind wants nothing which it hath not. 250. but likewise what it hath. speak not much about thine own manliness. for not every champion driveth the ball to the goal. No man of high and generous spirit is ever willing to indulge in flattery. But man delights to have his ears Blown maggots in by flatterers. by W. two of the . Those noble men who falsehood dread In wealth and glory ever grow. and he is poor. but if by being over-studious we impair our health and spoil our good humour. 252. So liars day by day decay. Which. but will not flatter them. not only what it hath not. Till all their lustre soon is quenched. Watch over thy expenditure. The potter forms what he pleases with soft clay. A. Aristotle. Sanskrit. An ass will with his long ears fray The flies that tickle him away. so a man accomplishes his works by his own act. not that enjoys little. faintly flickering. As flames with greater brightness glow With oil in ceaseless flow when fed. If thou art a man. die away. But like to flames with water drenched. Hitopadesa. Sa'dí.

first learn. and rather choose by him to know. 253. . Hazlitt. but to think as all the world will think thirty years hence is not in the power of every one. by W. Goethe. for my part. Montaigne. Randolph. 259. He is happiest. Dhammapada. Being continually in people's sight. who finds peace in his home. 255. by earnestness. that he may learn by thee. Then do thou speak. if so. 256. 254. by the satiety which it creates. Be dumb. If with a stranger thou discourse. Livy. be he king or peasant. let us give it over. diminishes the reverence felt for great characters. am one of those who think no fruit derived from them can recompense so great a loss. By strictest observation. By rousing himself. The best way to make ourselves agreeable to others is by seeming to think them so. to discern If he be wiser than thyself. 257. Therefore it is very easy to think as all the world now think. 258. To form a judgment intuitively is the privilege of few. Talmud.Book of Wise Sayings. they hear with the ears of others. If we appear fully sensible of their good qualities they will not complain of the want of them in us. by restraint and control the wise man may make for himself an island which no flood can overwhelm. But if thyself perchance the wiser be. A. Clouston 38 best things we have. There is a great difference between one who can feel ashamed before his own soul and one who is only ashamed before his fellow men. authority and example lead the rest of the world. I. They see with the eyes of others.

Attempt to do your duty. As seeds may die. Cervantes. The wise man speaks not before those who are his superiors. Goethe. meadows console her. As trees may fruit without a flower. Clouston Schopenhauer. retired. Man is supreme lord and master Of his own ruin and disaster. some men will act. Talmud. 263. and seven the blockhead. discreet. and you will immediately find what is in you. Poesy is a beauteous damsel. Butler. chaste.Book of Wise Sayings. 266. she gives pleasure and instruction to all with whom she communicates. never. 261. and is open to conviction. His questions are relevant to the subject. The reverse of all this characterises the blockhead. She is a friend of solitude. To some you speak with no result. and who keeps herself within the limits of propriety. cannot attain. 39 How can we learn to know ourselves? By reflection. . woods free her from ennui. A. Ere need be shown. And mere punctilio of a chance. He replies not hastily. but nothing less In ordering his own happiness: For all his care and providence Is too feeble a defence To render it secure and certain Against the injuries of Fortune. who exerts himself. 264. but by our actions. in spite of all his wit. Controls his fate. And oft. fountains entertain her. honourable." He acknowledges his error. last. And ruined with a circumstance. There is nothing in this world which a resolute man. Somadeva. flowers delight her. He interrupts not others in the midst of their discourse. the last. 265. in short. 262. his answers. to the purpose. What he understands not he says. 260. In delivering his sentiments he taketh the first in order first. Is lost by one unlucky hit. "I understand not. Seven things characterise the wise man. Hindu Poetess. and yield no grain. witty. either in age or wisdom. by W.

But still bears fruit according to its nature. Hazlitt. Death. there are few circumstances in which it is not better either to hide all or to tell all. never ending--the gradual lapse and running of the sand in the great hour-glass of Time. 271. for he would not have a friend in the world: he would seem to belong to a different species. except it be by some wonderful effort of good feeling. Bhavabhúti. is capable of culture. A real friend. 268. 272. exults in his friend's happiness. . 267. 269. comes the tent-pitcher. One man envies the success in life of another. This body is a tent which for a space Does the pure soul with kingly presence grace. a half whisper. and is ready to afford him the best advice. When he departs. Omar Khayyám. on the other hand. It is well that there is no one without a fault. Vigorous or weak. as if we could hear the crumbling and falling away of the earth and all created things in the great miracle of nature--decay and reproduction--ever beginning. What avails your wealth. Herodotus. 'Tis not the teacher's skill that rears the scholar: The sparkling gem gives back the glorious radiance It drinks from other light. Longfellow. and hates him in secret. and moves to a new halting-place. All confidence is dangerous unless it is complete. Strikes it.Book of Wise Sayings. The mind alike. nor is he willing to give him good advice when he is consulted. Clouston 40 How absolute and omnipotent is the silence of the night! And yet the stillness seems almost audible. and yields no gleam again. alas. 270. rejoices in all his joys. A. From all the measureless depths of air around us comes a half sound. if it makes you arrogant to the poor? Arabic. few such men in the world. by W. and there are. but the dull earth Absorbs the blaze. La Bruyère.

but they whose minds are dull resemble stones dashing with clumsy force. Heaven has given thee two ears but only one tongue. which. Háfiz. A subtle-witted man is like an arrow. which is difficult to hold in. 280. 278. The natural hostility of beasts is laid aside when flying from pursuers. He who toils with pain will eat with pleasure. 275. so also when danger is impending the enmity of rivals is ended. The man who every sacred science knows. by W. Clouston 273. Mágha. rending little surface. 41 Speak but little. which means: listen to two things. enters deeply. It is good to tame the mind. A day of fortune is like a harvest-day. 276. And brings her by his feebleness to shame. but be not the first to propose one. Dhammapada. Chinese. . and flighty. and that little only when thy own purposes require it. 279. Chinese. Goethe.Book of Wise Sayings. mars his Fortune's fame. Bháravi. we must be busy when the corn is ripe. Yet has not strength to keep in check the foes That rise within him. but never piercing. The fame of good men's actions seldom goes beyond their own doors. but their evil deeds are carried a thousand miles' distance. 277. rushing wheresoever it listeth: a tamed mind brings blessings. A. 274.

like silly passengers. Goethe. . 283. 282. by W. As changing seasons come anew. A. for knowledge maketh thy worth.Book of Wise Sayings. Ramáyána. 286. What a rich man gives and what he consumes. 285. All Nature's face delight to view. He who does not think too much of himself is much more esteemed than he imagines. many vain readers will tarry and stand gazing. None sees how each revolving year Abridges swiftly man's career. Firdausí. Longfellow. With many readers brilliancy of style passes for affluence of thought: they mistake buttercups in the grass for immeasurable gold mines under the ground. Men hail the rising sun with glee. Chinese. at an antic picture in a painter's shop that will not look at a judicious piece. But fail to mark that every day In fragments bears their life away. 281. 287. 288. The doctrine that enters only into the ear is like the repast one takes in a dream. Hitopadesa. Adorn thy mind with knowledge. that is his real worth. 42 It is a kind of policy in these days to prefix a fantastical title to a book which is to be sold. Clouston Bháravi. 284. Burton. for as larks come down to a day-net. They love his setting glow to see.

289. [11] Cf. an ugly and deformed countenance does not fail to cause laughter. look out for his speedy punishment. Menander. A.Book of Wise Sayings. Happy the man who early learns the difference between his wishes and his powers. 291. or fatal consequences. who would willingly unite the two. by W. he keeps secret that which ought to be hidden. rising even above fortune. No one hath come into the world for a continuance save him who leaveth behind him a good name. 29. Gross ignorance produces a dogmatic spirit. He who knows much scarcely believes that what he is saying is unknown to others. or like a sharp sword: neither doth the one burn nor the . 293.[11] Sa'dí. glorying in his riches and high descent. Bhartrihari. he does not forsake one in adversity. Goethe. Aristotle. Clouston 43 The good man shuns evil and follows good. Goethe. He who knows nothing thinks he can teach others what he has himself just been learning. Beauty in a modest woman is like fire at a distance. La Bruyère. There is nothing more pitiable in the world than an irresolute man vacillating between two feelings. he gives in season: such are the marks of a worthy friend. and who does not perceive that nothing can unite them. for he is only raised the higher that he may fall with a heavier crash. 295. if it is not occasioned by pain. thus. When you see a man elated with pride. 294. 290. The ridiculous is produced by any defect that is unattended by pain. he makes his virtues manifest to all. 292. and consequently speaks with more hesitation.

.Book of Wise Sayings. 301. Metastasio. do not vainly regret what is already past. Quarles. 302. 297. It would seem that they had their deadliest foe in their own breast. the ignoble man falls like a lump of clay. and is ever active. A good man may fall. how many who are envied now would be pitied. 299. Hazlitt. There are many who talk on from ignorance rather than from knowledge. and who find the former an inexhaustible fund of conversation. Cervantes. Clouston other wound him that comes not too near them. Chinese. 300. Wouldst thou be a monarch of a little world. Tieck. and their whole happiness would be reduced to mere seeming. A. If our inward griefs were written on our brows. La Bruyère. 296. Do not anxiously expect what is not yet come. 298. thou shalt govern many if reason govern thee. dashes through the world's labours. 303. We are more sociable and get on better with people by the heart than the intellect. 44 The way to subject all things to thyself is to subject thyself to reason. but he falls like a ball [and rebounds]. by W. Whoever brings cheerfulness to his work. Bhartrihari. command thyself.

[13] Bhartrihari. What important personages we imagine ourselves to be! We think that we alone are the life of the circle in which we move. Manu. existence. however mean or vile. and dies away like the light of evening. do not consider any virtue as unimportant. Theophrastus. it is often the place. and. 306. so quickly is it filled again. Do not consider any vice as trivial. nay. breath will come to a general pause. 309. he knows. at least for something more agreeable.Book of Wise Sayings. The good extend their loving care To men. alas. Let a man accept with confidence valuable knowledge even from a person of low degree. good instruction regarding duty even from a humble man. continually increases. Hitopadesa. A generous man compassion shows. Rámáyana. Chinese. The friendships formed between good and evil men differ. Clouston Grossness is not difficult to define: it is obtrusive and objectionable pleasantry. 307. 304. and a jewel of a wife even from an ignoble family. the friendship of the evil at the very beginning is like the light of midday. the gap which we leave is scarcely perceptible. E'en base Chándálas'[12] dwellings share Th' impartial sunbeam's silver smile. [12] Chándálas. we fancy that life. Who does not oft through weakness fall. or Pariahs. On earth no mortal lives. and therefore neglect it. 45 To bad as well as good. . 308. in our absence. and therefore practise it. We cannot too soon convince ourselves how easily we may be dispensed with in the world. or of no caste. A. 305. are the lowest. by W. The friendship of the good. Goethe. at first faint like the morning light. to all. if not of something better.

Randolph. 314. Bháravi. but a contented mind has no solicitude for grasping wealth. but he who confers should at . But when 'tis settled on the lee. at first. And from th' impurer matter free. 315. by W. 317. True happiness consists in making happy. 316. 312. like generous wine. Butler.Book of Wise Sayings. Ferments and frets until 'tis fine. A benefit given to the good is like characters engraven on a stone. a benefit given to the evil is like a line drawn on water. Safe in thy breast close lock up thy intents. And proves the pleasanter the colder. Clouston [13] In many parts of the East there is practically no twilight. Hitopadesa. but not excessive parsimony. Frugality should ever be practised. A. The noble-minded dedicate themselves to the promotion of the happiness of others--even of those who injure them. 46 A hundred long leagues is no distance for him who would quench the thirst of covetousness. though he use the right expedients: a clever hunter. Bháravi. 313. All love. For he that knows thy purpose best prevents. 310. Buddhist. Becomes the richer still the older. 311. kills not his quarry if he falls asleep. though well placed in ambush. Hitopadesa. The undertaking of a careless man succeeds not. He who receives a favour must retain a recollection of it for all time to come.

But man a second youth expects in vain. Trees leafless now renew their vernal bloom. Demosthenes. Shall He to thee His aid refuse Who clothes the swan in dazzling white. but talk not of thy gifts: By pride religious merit melts away. 320. [15] Cf. 26. we are not angry with the author's insincerity. by ostentation. The merit of thy alms. 322. by W. is little different from a reproach. and to talk of it. . VI.[14] Somadeva. Give to the poor. 323. Manu. The peacocks decks in rainbow hues?[15] Hitopadesa. 319. Matt. 324. To remind a man of a kindness conferred on him. Feltham. Who robes in green the parrot bright. Mahábhárata. Goethe. Job. Every bird has its decoy. 321. if he is not to show a sordid and ungenerous spirit. [14] Cf.Book of Wise Sayings. XIV. and every man is led and misled in his own peculiar way. A. Too much to lament a misery is the next way to draw on a remediless mischief. A bad man is as much pleased as a good man is distressed to speak ill of others. There is such a grateful tickling in the mind of man in being commended that even when we know the praises which are bestowed on us are not our due. Clouston 47 once forget it. The empty beds of rivers fill again. 318. 7. 25. Pride not thyself on thy religious works. Returning moons their lustrous phase resume.

332. He is below himself that is not above an injury. Longfellow. It comes not back again. be bravely revenged. A. 331. nor pain which death doth not put an end to. without fear. but would that the thorns did not outlive the rose. Chamberlain. so the hollow-hearted friend is known by adversity. 325. Quarles.Book of Wise Sayings. There is no remembrance which time doth not obliterate. Slight it. Hath any wronged thee. Wisely improve the Present. and with a manly heart. by W. Metastasio. The rose does not bloom without thorns. 328. True. forgive it. Guicciardini. 48 Look not mournfully into the Past. Plans that are wise and prudent in themselves are rendered vain when the execution of them is carried on negligently and with imprudence. Schiller. Truth from the mouth of an honest man and severity from a good-natured man have a double effect. As gold is tried by the furnace. The price we challenge for ourselves is given us. 329. and the work's begun. and 'tis finished. It is thine. 326. Go forth to meet the shadowy Future. Every man stamps his value on himself. and the baser metal shown. 327. Richter. Clouston R. Cervantes. 330. . Man is made great or little by his own will.

" Such . The fountain of content must spring up in the mind. Are out of season grown for brides. and the highest in doing one thing does all. to serve from the lowest station upwards is necessary. Then. finds a little afterwards that he is wicked. and be triumphant. Plato. Clouston Hazlitt. for the higher. I will enjoy myself. and. they take in hand. most often delusive. by W. I'm absolutely perfect. Entangled in a hundred worldly snares. and honourable. I am a lord. whatever he attempts is still a trade. successful. Self-seeking men. having frequently made a slip. Coleridge. That will I gain to-morrow. Misanthropy ariseth from a man trusting another without having sufficient knowledge of his character. strong. A.Book of Wise Sayings. to use a more accurate and comprehensive term. in their self-complacency. sincere. just as nuns The same thing the same way renounce. Give gifts with lavish hand. 335. Or. 336. Now will I offer up a sacrifice. in the one thing which he does rightly he sees the likeness of all that is done rightly. In all things. 49 Most virgins marry. To restrict yourself to a trade is best. herself a sorceress. faithless. And others in their turn. or. by ignorance deluded. When a man experiences this often. Before they've wit to understand The bold attempt. I will despatch. having stayed and lost their tides. they say. him also. noble. 333. This enemy I have destroyed. and must of necessity have truth for its foundation. thinking him to be truthful. he hates the whole world. Pleasure. and then he meets with another of the same character. and thinks that there is nothing sound at all in any of them. may pitch her tents on enchanted ground. But happiness (or. "This acquisition I have made to-day. 337. Johnson. Pleasure. so much more Remains that I have yet to treasure up. happy. so much pelf Is hoarded up already. 334. Butler. Goethe. I'm wealthy. at last. may be born of delusion. and multiply the griefs which he purposes to remove. solid well-being) can be built on virtue alone. an art. For the narrow mind. and more particularly from those whom he considered his most dear and best friends. and he who has so little knowledge of human nature as to seek happiness by changing anything but his own disposition will waste his life in fruitless efforts. no one else In all the world can be compared to me. 338. to speak less paradoxically. Strive by unrighteous means to pile up riches.

nor conjuror. . [16] Cf. Learning dissipates many doubts. in some men's crazy brains. Who hears with grief his neighbours good by name. 339. and bulls. by W. There needs no other charm. see also 291.[16] Mahábhárata. 340. Draws more fantastic shapes than in the grains Of knotted wood. and in time he shall see the springing blossoms of a happy restoration. Chamberlain. Caught in the meshes of the world's illusion. Very distasteful is excessive fame To the sour palate of the envious mind. 343. The more weakness the more falsehood. Luke. befooled by endless vain conceits. He that rectifies a crooked stick bends it the contrary way. And hates the fortune that he ne'er shall find. so must he that would reform a vice learn to affect its mere contrary. Immersed in sensuality. 342. Butler. Hitopadesa. and is the eye of everyone who is not absolutely blind.Book of Wise Sayings. descend Down to the foulest hell of unclean spirits. 341. To raise infernal spirits up. Are only in the insides of their skulls. 345. 344. like a snail. strength goes straight: every cannon ball that has in it hollows and holes goes crooked. That makes men pull their horns in. that when the injury began on his part the kindness should begin on ours. That's both a prisoner to itself and jail. 17-20. When all the cocks they think they are. but Fear. XII. Tillotson. A more glorious victory cannot be gained over another man than this. Pindar. Richter. and causes things otherwise invisible to be seen. Clouston 50 men. A. R.

Were all thy fond endeavours vain To chase away the sufferer's smart. Buddhist.Book of Wise Sayings. To soothe. For friendship's tones have kindlier power Than odorous fruit. Although thyself unprosperous. Rabelais. but those of oneself are difficult to perceive. which gnaws and diminishes all things else. augments and increases benefits. Mahábhárata. 351. 346. Livy. by W. even virtues are marred by the vicious--in all enjoyments there is something which impairs our happiness. but his own fault he hides as a cheat hides the false dice from the gamester. The sinking soul. 348. but crocodiles also. or nectared bowl. 350. noble men Take pleasure in their neighbours' happiness. in sorrow's languid hour. in the water lotus flowers. Enjoy thou the prosperity of others. Aristotle. a man winnows his neighbour's faults like chaff. Education and morals will be found almost the whole that goes to make a good man. Sa'dí. In the sandal-tree are serpents. lest absence pain His lonely heart. Still hover near. because a noble action of liberality done to a man of reason doth grow continually by his generously thinking of it and remembering it. Dhammapada. if you take hold of cold charcoal it will soil you. Neither live with a bad man nor be at enmity with him. Clouston 51 Time. A. are yet linked together in a kind of necessary connection. 349. The faults of others are easily perceived. in their natures opposite. even as if you take hold of glowing charcoal it will burn you. . 352. Toil and pleasure. 347.

by W. . 356. Sir Thomas Browne. 360. There is a rabble among the gentry as well as the commonalty. else you will deprive weak minds of a resource found necessary to the strongest. 358. 359. Fair words without good deeds to a man in misery are like a saddle of gold clapped upon a galled horse. Menander.Book of Wise Sayings. Superstition is the religion of feeble minds. Richter. There is a princely manner of giving and accepting. Clouston Hitopadesa. Burke. 357. a sort of plebeian heads whose fancy moves with the same wheel as these men--in the same level with mechanics. and again nature brings good out of evil. perfect knowledge is quiet. Lavater. There is no pleasure of life sprouting like a tree from one root but there is some pain joined to it. 354. Chamberlain. A. though their fortunes do sometimes gild their infirmities and their purses compound for their follies. It is a common remark that men talk most who think least. not so the transition from the former to the latter. 355. 52 The manner of giving shows the character of the giver more than the gift itself. just as frogs cease their quacking when a light is brought to the water-side. 353. Carlyle. Perfect ignorance is quiet. and they must be tolerated in an admixture of it in some trifling or enthusiastic shape or other.

362. Vociferation and calmness of character seldom meet in the same person. and according as he acts in obedience to their suggestion. Let us be well persuaded that everyone of us possesses happiness in proportion to his virtue and wisdom. Aristotle. 53 Beside the streamlet seated. Butler. 368. wisdom is in bringing about ends. Selden. A. Real and solid happiness springs from moderation. Háfiz. 365. mark how life glides on: That sign. the lilies stay: If friends are friends when wealth is gone. The lily's constancy they share. The lake no longer water holds-. Wit is upon the sudden turn. In all the world there is no vice Less prone t'excess than avarice. that with nothing.Book of Wise Sayings. 367. 363. 364. 361. Goethe. Lavater. .Off fly the fowls. Sir Walter Scott. Wit and wisdom differ. the joy it shows to me's enough. Clouston Our time is like our money. 366. when we change a guinea the shillings escape as things of small account. when we break a day by idleness in the morning. and view its various pains: If not to you. the rest of the hours lose their importance in our eyes. Hindu Poetess. to me's enough. It neither cares for food nor clothing: Nature's content with little. how swift each moment goes. by W. Behold this world's delights.

We should know mankind better if we were not so anxious to resemble one another." 374.Book of Wise Sayings. 373. Matt. Arab proverb: "A dog's tail never can be made straight. or infamy. is tainted and unblest. Whoever has the seed of virtue and honour implanted in his breast will drop a sympathising tear on the woes of his neighbour. On the other hand. brings a blessing with it. 371. Clouston 54 All property which comes to hand by means of violence. whatever is obtained by honest profit. and who has no feelings of fear. 372. Buddhist. as you might the autumn lotus with your hand. 12. or baseness. though warmed by the fire and rubbed with oil. retains its form. though raised to honour.[18] Mahábhárata. however large it may be. would cause thee pain: this is the sum of duty. Menander. 369. [19] Cf. Goethe. by W. Root out the love of self.[19] Hitopadesa. VII.[17] Akhlak-i-Jalálí. Nakhshabí. . 375. [18] Cf. small though it be. A. The man who cannot blush. as a dog's tail. has reached the acme of impudence. [17] See 44. if done to thee. 370. A bad man. Do naught to others which. always returns to his natural course.

Clouston 55 It is the usual consolation of the envious. Can anything be more absurd than that the nearer we are to our journey's end. But for another's we soon cease to grieve. The sweetest pleasures soonest cloy. And with its all-obliterated tongue It murmured. Such as the chain of causes we call Fate. Philemon. 378. "Gently. 381. 380. by W. If you only knew the evils which others suffer. Seneca. to represent those by whom they are surpassed as inferior to some one else. 383. if they cannot maintain their superiority. To watch a potter thumping his wet clay. you would willingly submit to those which you now bear. such is the chain of wishes: one links on to another. Livy.Book of Wise Sayings. To our own sorrows serious heed we give. And its best flavour temperance gives to joy. 376. the whole man is bound in the chain of wishing for ever. Juvenal. 379. brother. gently. 382. Pindar. Plutarch. pray!" Omar Khayyám. . Children form a bond of union than which the human heart finds none more enduring. I do remember stopping by the way. A. we should lay in the more provision for it? Cicero. 377.

It is necessary to set off our good qualities with a certain air of plausibility and self-importance. Menander. Butler. As little sparkles shine more bright Than glowing coals that gave them light. 386. Marvell. Ausonius. Dogs dream of bones. [20] Cf. 388. We habitually make such large deductions for pretence and imposture that no real merit will stand against them. and fishermen of fish. how great soever. A. Sleeping. Hazlitt. 387.[20] Theocritus. A man who does not endeavour to seem more than he is will generally be thought nothing of. A.Book of Wise Sayings. No prince. begets his predecessors. as some attention to fashion is necessary. but you ought to consider whether the advantages do not predominate. we image what awake we wish. and the noblest rivers are not navigable to the fountain. the beginning is half the battle. by W. Arab proverb: "The dream of the cat is always about mice." 390. but he cannot be sure of doing so. Herodotus. 385. 384. 389. Epicurus. Clouston Set about whatever you intend to do. In everything you will find annoyances. Dreams in general take their rise from those incidents which have most occupied the thoughts during the day. The guilty man may escape. . 56 All smatterers are more brisk and pert Than those who understand an art.

Guicciardini. to ruminate on their adversity. . Clouston 391. From things which have been obtained after having been long desired men almost never derive the pleasure and delight which they had anticipated. Talmud. you would think. Goethe. He alone is poor who does not possess knowledge. 395. by W. No summer but hath its winter. are made up of nothing but title and genealogy. He never reaped comfort in adversity that sowed not in prosperity. It is not enough to know. not to examine or consider other men's. Some people. we must also act. not what they have but what they want. A. 394. fortunes. but not once to think on their prosperity. Quarles. Richter. 392. benefits which they have. not to confer themselves with others. 396. and 'tis the nature of all men still to reflect upon themselves their own misfortunes. Seest thou good days? Prepare for evil times. Burton. It is not enough to will. we must apply what we know.Book of Wise Sayings. the stamp of dignity defaces in them the very character of humanity. and among country people it is always a sign of a well-regulated life. 398. to recount their own miseries but not their good gifts. L'Estrange. 57 There is nothing more beautiful than cheerfulness in an old face. Every man knows his own but not others' defects and miseries. 397. and transports them to such a degree of haughtiness that they reckon it below them to exercise good nature or good manners. 393.

and acquires his rudiments of knowledge in this way. Aristotle. The hooting fowler seldom takes much game. 58 The value of three things is justly appreciated by all classes of men: youth. for if what he speaks of fall not . 403. Hypocrisy will serve as well To propagate a church as zeal. by the needy.Book of Wise Sayings. By a husband wealth is accumulated. It is very hard for the mind to disengage itself from a subject on which it has been long employed. Addison. Arabic. that he is imitative. Clouston Words of blame from those who are hostile to a great man cannot injure him. The able and far-seeing man. The thoughts will be rising of themselves from time to time. He is unwise who brags much either of what he will do or what he shall have. 400. as the tossings and fluctuations of the sea continue several hours after the winds are laid. it is wise to keep it secret till the time that his designs arrive at their despatch and perfection. 405. As persecution and promotion Do equally advance devotion: So round white stones will serve. 399. to make hens lay. besides. Omar Khayyám. E'en with the smallest capital. 402. though we have given them no encouragement. Butler. As well as eggs. digested and fixed by consideration. and wealth. When a man has a project in his mind. Can raise himself to wealth. Man differs from other animals particularly in this. health. A. by W. As one might nurse a tiny flame. Buddhist. Burmese. they say. by the diseased. by a wife is its preservation. 401. 404. the delight in imitation is universal. The moon is not hurt when barked at by a dog. by the old.

but poverty is total emptiness.Book of Wise Sayings. the whole life is a wide ocean. We are like vessels tossed on the bosom of the deep.[21] Plato. Who is the hero? The man who subdues his senses. Schopenhauer. V. Hitopadesa. Reason is the pilot to guide us. Feltham. 411. by W. our passions are the winds that sweep us impetuously forward. for in no case has it appeared to be just to injure any one. What is the most perfect happiness? Staying at home. 407. instead of applause. 44. he was not wise who said so. What is the greatest loss? Failure in one's duty. and therefore thinks within his own mind that injury is due from a just man to his enemies but kindness to his friends. [21] Cf. but often allows itself to be led astray by the storms of pride. Therefore it is a dangerous operation if an attempt be made to introduce or bind it by state regulations. . Bhartrihari. for he spoke not the truth. What is the worst thing in the world? The society of evil men. Metastasio. The wicked have no stability. Who is the best beloved? The faithful wife. a mock and scorn will follow him. 410. as the attempt to force love begets hatred. Aristotle. 43. Where is the greatest peace? In truth and righteousness. rejoicing in each other's wickedness. they continue friends only for a short time. 406. empty are all quarters of the world to an ignorant man. Empty is the house of a childless man. so also to compel religious belief produces rank unbelief. A. for. for they do not remain in consistency with themselves. as empty is the mind of a bachelor. 59 What is the most profitable? Fellowship with the good. Faith is like love. Matt. it cannot be forced. each pleasure is a rock. Clouston out accordingly. If a man says that it is right to give every one his due. 409. 408. What is wealth? Knowledge.

Fuller. because she would have man circumspect. 15. and gaudiness. Rom. 416. as many think. had furnished him with an account-book. to carry always with him. but only he who has true knowledge. Be not too early in the fashion. . 414. 418. Manu. and to hear with impatience those who utter praises of themselves. 417. V. since at no time ought we to do an injury to our neighbour. Yet it neither burthens nor takes up room. profuseness. and this self-deceit is yet stronger with respect to the offspring of the mind. Quarles. Cervantes. XII. the husk often tells you what the kernel is.Book of Wise Sayings. The man with hoary head is not revered as aged by the gods. he. 60 In all that belongs to man you cannot find a greater wonder than memory.[22] Plato. though young. Decency is half way between affectation and neglect. In thy apparel avoid singularity. 1 Thess. The body is the shell of the soul. No fathers and mothers think their own children ugly. He who will not freely and sadly confess that he is much a fool is all a fool. What a treasury of all things! What a record! What a journal of all! As if provident Nature. apparel is the husk of that shell. is old. A man ought not to return evil for evil. Clouston 412. It is the natural disposition of all men to listen with pleasure to abuse and slander of their neighbour. [22] Cf. 415. 413. nor too late. by W. Demosthenes. Feltham. 19. A.

Book of Wise Sayings. The vividness of the representations in the one case more than counterbalances the mere knowledge of the truth of facts in the other. 425. Hazlitt. we have often need of assistance from those inferior to ourselves. Among wonderful things is a sore-eyed man who is an oculist. Idleness is a great enemy to mankind. and difficult to regain them. A. 423. There is no friend like energy. Chamberlain. We must oblige everybody as much as we can. Clouston 419. Goethe. 421. if you cultivate that. but everything becomes frightful with poverty. Bhartrihari. 61 We have more faith in a well-written romance while we are reading it than in common history. Arabic. 422. therefore when they present themselves it is the more necessary to make every effort to retain them. 420. Boileau. . It is easy to lose important opportunities. by W. it will never fail. Guicciardini. The greatest difficulties lie where we are not looking for them. 426. R. the baseness of our nature conducts us to most preposterous conclusions. When the scale of sensuality bears down that of reason. 424. for. Gold gives the appearance of beauty even to ugliness.

433. Diligence and moderation are the best steps whereby to climb to any excellence. Chinese.Book of Wise Sayings. it is a shame to choose rather to be still borrowing in all places. though his parts be never so poor. Panchatantra. A jewel preserves its lustre. 429. Clouston La Fontaine. There is nothing more daring than ignorance. nay. The poor man we despise. 432. Gold is the coverlet of imperfections. by W. it is rare that there is any other other way. which hides all his defects from the world. than to work and win. The lustre of a virtuous character cannot be defaced. 428. Goethe. but a brass pot. We magnify the wealthy man. friends at hand are better than relations afar off. 62 There is nothing more operative than sedulity and diligence. Rabelais. A man would wonder at the mighty things which have been done by degrees and gentle augmentations. 431. 427. is brass still. It is not easy to stop the fire when the water is at a distance. nor can the vices of a vicious man ever become lucid. though trodden in the mud. Behaviour is a mirror in which every one shows his image. though placed upon the head. It is the fool's curtain. Menander. 430. be he never so well qualified. from everybody. 434. In sooth. Feltham. . Feltham. A.

Quarles. also Metastasio: Voce dal fuggita Poi richiamar non vale. 437. 438. 440. when a worthless man has much wealth it increases his faults. Goethe.] 439. Richter. When anyone is modest.[23] If thou desire to be held wise. 436. noble actions characterise the great. [The word that once escapes the tongue cannot be recalled. Chinese. Goldoni. [23] Cf.Book of Wise Sayings. that affairs which depend on many seldom succeed. Clouston Noble birth is an accident of fortune. A. the sword is in another's hand. 435. for they are no longer judged by their contemporaries. but after censure. the arrow cannot be detained which has once sped from the bow. by W. be so wise as to hold thy tongue. not after praise. if vented. Experience has always shown. 441. . Non si trattien lo strale Quando dall' arco uscì. then he is really so. When the man of a naturally good propensity has much wealth it injures his advancement in wisdom. Guicciardini. Hazlitt. Simplicity of character is the natural result of profound thought. A word unspoken is like thy sword in thy scabbard. lest it take thee prisoner. The old lose one of the greatest privileges of man. 221. and reason shows. 63 Give not thy tongue too great a liberty.

A man of feeble character resembles a reed that bends with every gust of wind. 444. Mágha. Talmud. 448. A. There is no fire like passion. 442. Talmud. Clouston 64 In youth a man is deluded by other ideas than those which delude him in middle life. Understand a man by his deeds and words. X. To consider. 447. 443. and it will not seem to thee a sin.[24] Panchatantra. 'tis best To keep thy tongue in silence. there is no shark like hatred. by W. there is no snare like folly. there is no torrent like greed. ff. Dhammapada.Book of Wise Sayings. Is this man of our own or an alien? is a mark of little-minded persons. nor of value is. as lightness does attest The nut is empty. 446. Hitopadesa. but to practise righteousness themselves is what only a few can succeed in doing. [24] Cf. but the whole earth is of kin to the generous-hearted. and again in his decay he embraces other ideas. 445. Hast thou not perfect excellence. the impressions of others lead to false judgment. Sa'dí. Luke. 29. Mahábhárata. Skill in advising others is easily attained by men. . Commit a sin twice. for 'tis this Which shames a man.

wealth. . Plutarch. learning without pride. Arabic. Liberality attended with mild language. if virtuous actions attend it. wealth accompanied with a generous contempt of it--these four qualities are with difficulty acquired. 453. Clouston 449. valour united with mercy. The soul of man is audible. a good character. wealth. and the heart of man is written upon his countenance. The intellect of man sits enshrined visibly upon his forehead and in his eye. but the purse of the artisan's industry can never get empty. A sound alone betrays the flowing of the eternal fountain invisible to man. 454. A. mildness of speech. O how wonderful is the human voice! It is indeed the organ of the soul. exciting. Inquire about your neighbour before you build. 450. and about your companions before you travel. 455. not visible. But the soul reveals itself in the voice only.Book of Wise Sayings. 456. Knowledge produces mildness of speech. as God revealed himself to the prophet in the still small voice. Hitopadesa. and discovering every latent vice. a good character. happiness. 451. and in a voice from the Burning Bush. by W. for a heavy purse of gold and silver may run to waste. Rather skin a carcass for pay in the public streets than be idly dependent on charity. Talmud. teach your son some handicraft. as they do. 65 Though you may yourself abound in treasure. 452. It is an observation no less just than common that there is no stronger test of a man's real character than power and authority. Sa'dí. Hitopadesa. every passion. Longfellow.

459. E'en as a gleaner gathers ears of corn. 463. 462. is in reality great. and wise men also.Book of Wise Sayings. Mahábhárata. The young they keep out of mischief. By the fall of water-drops the pot is filled: such is the increase of riches. Thou wilt. though small. Hitopadesa. by W. but let death come suddenly upon us. of knowledge. if it be given with affection. 458. He from thee hopes some trifle to obtain. for its duties engage them. either of nations or individuals. Happy men are full of the present. 66 In poverty and other misfortunes of life men think friends to be their only refuge. Clouston Every gift. Heed not the flatterer's fulsome talk. that they deal much in vaticination. 460. 457. and have the trouble of beginning all again. 461. Sa'dí. for its bounty suffices them. Aristotle. A. Our grand business undoubtedly is not to see what lies dimly at a distance. [25] See also 80. Good words. It is no very good symptom. . Carlyle. and so we arrive all unawares at its different epochs. and of virtue. We deliberate about the parcels of life. and beautiful expressions A wise man ever culls from every quarter. to the old they are a comfort and aid in their weakness. and those in the prime of life they incite to noble deeds. good deeds. Ten hundred times as much of censure gain. shouldst thou his wishes baulk.[25] Philemon. but to do what clearly lies at hand. but not about life itself. Seneca. And so finally it is that we do not walk as men confidently towards death.

for if he cannot reach that he is ashamed. 465. Clouston 67 Law does not put the least restraint Upon our freedom. Men's minds are generally ingenious in palliating guilt in themselves. Goethe. and when a man is made captive with arms in his hand his shame is more excessive. 468. I see no fault committed that I have not been myself inclined to. Wickedness. 470. Sa'dí. Hitopadesa. He that will give himself to all manner of ways to get money may be rich. Even a blockhead may respect inspire. if it does. never let the world know his resolution. and there is no fruit for him who doth not exert himself: the fawns go not into the mouth of a sleeping lion. A wise man should never resolve upon anything. So long as he has sense to hold his tongue. 466. by whomsoever committed. 467. It is only necessary to grow old in order to become more indulgent. by W. Butler. so he that lets fly all he knows or . 469. A fool may gain esteem among the wise. at least. So long as he is suitably attired. Hitopadesa. Prosperity is acquired by exertion.[26] Selden. To give us freer latitude: For wholesome laws preserve us free. for learning is the weapon with which Satan is combated. Livy. By stinting of our liberty. but maintain'st. 464. 'tis for our good.Book of Wise Sayings. A. Or. is odious. [26] See 406. but most of all in men of learning.

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston thinks may by chance be satirically witty. Honesty sometimes keeps a man from growing rich, and civility from being witty. Selden. 471.

68

Men are not rich or poor according to what they possess but to what they desire. The only rich man is he that with content enjoys a competence. R. Chamberlain. 472. Poverty is not dishonourable in itself, but only when it arises from idleness, intemperance, extravagance, and folly. Plutarch. 473. Do nothing rashly; want of circumspection is the chief cause of failure and disaster. Fortune, wise lover of the wise, selects him for her lord who ere he acts reflects. Bháravi. 474. First think, and if thy thoughts approve thy will, Then speak, and after, what thou speak'st fulfil. Randolph. 475. It cannot but be injurious to the human mind never to be called into effort: the habit of receiving pleasure without any exertion of thought, by the mere excitement of curiosity, and sensibility, may be justly ranked among the worst effects of habitual novel-reading. Coleridge. 476. Patience is the chiefest fruit of study; a man that strives to make himself different from other men by much reading gains this chiefest good, that in all fortunes he hath something to entertain and comfort himself withal. Selden. 477. Friendship throws a greater lustre on prosperity, while it lightens adversity by sharing in its griefs and troubles.

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston Cicero. 478.

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There is nothing more becoming a wise man than to make choice of friends, for by them thou shalt be judged what thou art. Let them therefore be wise and virtuous, and none of those that follow thee for gain; but make election rather of thy betters than thy inferiors; shunning always such as are poor and needy, for if thou givest twenty gifts and refuse to do the like but once, all that thou hast done will be lost, and such men will become thy mortal enemies. Sir W. Raleigh, to his Son. 479. Learning is like Scanderbeg's sword, either good or bad according to him who hath it: an excellent weapon, if well used; otherwise, like a sharp razor in the hand of a child. R. Chamberlain. 480. The greater part of mankind employ their first years to make their last miserable. La Bruyère. 481. I hate the miser, whose unsocial breast Locks from the world his useless stores. Wealth by the bounteous only is enjoyed, Whose treasures, in diffusive good employed, The rich return of fame and friends procure, And 'gainst a sad reverse a safe retreat secure. Pindar. 482. Wisdom alone is the true and unalloyed coin for which we ought to exchange all things, for this and with this everything is bought and sold--fortitude, temperance, and justice; in a word, true virtue subsists with wisdom. Plato. 483. If thou intendest to do a good act, do it quickly, and then thou wilt excite gratitude; a favour if it be slow in being conferred causes ingratitude. Ausonius. 484. 'Tis those who reverence the old That are the men versed in the Faith; Worthy of praise while in this life, And happy in the life to come.

Book of Wise Sayings, by W. A. Clouston Buddhist. 485.

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Low-minded men are occupied solely with their own affairs, but noble-minded men take special interest in the affairs of others. The submarine fire drinks up the ocean, to fill its insatiable interior; the rain-cloud, that it may relieve the drought of the earth, burnt up by the hot season. Bhartrihari. 486. Those men are wise who do not desire the unattainable, who do not love to mourn over what is lost, and are not overwhelmed by calamities. Mahábhárata. 487. Let him take heart who does advance, even in the smallest degree. Plato. 488. A truly great man never puts away the simplicity of a child.[27] Chinese. [27] Cf. Pope, in his Epitaph on the poet Gay: Of manners gentle, of affections mild; In wit a man, simplicity, a child. 489. If thou desirest ease in this life, keep thy secrets undisclosed, like the modest rosebud. Take warning from that lovely flower, which, by expanding its hitherto hidden beauties when in full bloom, gives its leaves and its happiness to the winds. Persian. 490. A husband is the chief ornament of a wife, though she have no other ornament; but, though adorned, without a husband she has no ornaments. Hitopadesa. 491. He who has more learning than goodness is like a tree with many branches and few roots, which the first wind throws down; whilst he whose works are greater than his knowledge is like a tree with many roots and fewer

Liberality consists less in giving much than in giving at the right moment. Feltham. is wholly unfit for use. they must be ridiculed out of it. and. green in leaves. can abide the winter's killing blast. 496. thrusts out full of sap. by W. 497. When men will not be reasoned out of a vanity. L'Estrange. A.Book of Wise Sayings. Talmud. Overbury. they are either better or worse than men. which all the winds of heaven cannot uproot. Chinese. 493. like the early shoots of a new-felled coppice. but bruises and breaks with every wind. and fresh in colour. is nipped with every little cold. 499. La Bruyère. 494. 495. Sir Thos. and can endure far more than that which appears so flourishing. Clouston branches. Women are ever in extremes. The man of worth is really great without being proud. . the ruffling concussions of the wind. the mean man is proud without being really great. The man who has not anything to boast of but his illustrious ancestors is like a potato--the only good belonging to him is underground. La Bruyère. Goethe. 492. 71 He that would build lastingly must lay his foundation low. An absent friend gives us friendly company when we are well assured of his happiness. Whereas the humble man retains it in the root. being top-heavy. The proud man. 498.

by W. Here. A. There howls the brawling drunken crowd. If here we live in heaven or hell. . giving its pendulum a true vibration. Dhammapada. the pendulum no longer sways. the hands no longer move. Bhartrihari. 504. charming maidens full of glee. a frog. and when they cease to hang upon the wheels. tottering. 506. 501. Such light! Such shade! I cannot tell. Firdausí. so wise men falter not amidst blame or praise. Here scholars grave in conclave meet. Labour like a man. Longfellow. withered dames we see. R. and men will call thee weak-headed. and its hands a regular motion. And there the voice of wailing loud. for he too will have his associates and friends. He is a good-for-nothing fellow who eateth by the toil of another's hand. Hark! here the sound of lute so sweet. Of what avail is the praise or censure of the vulgar. Chamberlain. 503. who make a useless noise like a senseless crow in a forest? Mahábhárata. As a solid rock is not shaken by the wind. Clouston Outward perfection without inward goodness sets but the blacker dye on the mind's deformity. 502. Burmese.Book of Wise Sayings. Trust not thy secret to a confidant. 72 The every-day cares and duties which men call drudgery are the weights and counterpoises of the clock of Time. 505. A man of little learning deems that little a great deal. 500. never having seen the ocean. and it will spread abroad through the whole city. the clock stands still. considers its well a great sea. and be ready in doing kindnesses. There.

never wastes away. . by a similar acknowledgment. Randolph. and so complain. and not busy himself about the frost on his neighbour's tiles. Bending before a teacher. nor kinsmen make their prey. 509. learning. which neither thieves by stealth Can take. 513. of a victor's arms. of the ears. 510. 508. Clouston Sa'dí. show manly fortitude by thy own strength: if thou endeavour. Women's wealth is beauty. The attribute most noble of the hand Is readiness in giving. Spare not. of the mouth. Nakhshabí. lavished. Let every man sweep the snow from before his own doors. Sanskrit.Book of Wise Sayings. nor spend too much. 507. and thy endeavours fail of success. 453. Which. and only spend to spare.[28] [28] See also 429. Spare but to spend. say. while we say. 73 Prosperity attends the lion-hearted man who exerts himself. Everything that is acknowledges the blessing of existence. what crime is there in failing? Hitopadesa. Veracious speaking. But he spends best that spares to spend again. Laying aside destiny. A. Pureness the most unsullied. Undaunted valour. Chinese. what other wealth Can vie. by W. 512. that of men. of the head. 511. thou shalt hear the praise of the Creator celebrated by the whole creation. of the inner heart. be happy? If thou pay due attention to sounds. Delight in hearing and receiving truth--These are adornments of high-minded men. With knowledge. destiny will ensure it. be this thy care. Shalt not thou. Burmese. Who spends too much may want.

Stupidity has its sublime as well as genius. Each subsiding century reveals some new mystery. and he who carries that quality to absurdity has reached it. 520. it is the heart. Clouston Better than all the majesty of Empire. 515. It is curious to note the old sea-margins of human thought. Schiller. No man gives physic in the midst o' th' fit. Von Humboldt. Reprove not in their wrath incensèd men. then utter it. If they make no profound discoveries. Randolph. Longfellow. 519. 74 The mere reality of life would be inconceivably poor without the charm of fancy. 516.Book of Wise Sayings. which is always a source of pleasure to sensible people. Good counsel comes clean out of season then. They judge instinctively of what falls under their immediate observation or experience. 514. we build where monsters used to hide themselves. Wieland. Bhartrihari. which brings in its bosom as many vain fears as idle hopes. . Women never reason and therefore they are. but lends much oftener to the illusions it calls up a gay flattering hue than one which inspires terror. they do not involve themselves in gross absurdities." Hazlitt. A. He will conceive his fault and mend at last: When he is cool and calm. by W. It is only by the help of reason and logical inference. But when his fury is appeased and past. comparatively. 518. It is not flesh and blood. according to Hobbes. and do not trouble themselves about remote or doubtful consequences. seldom wrong. that makes fathers and sons. 517. that "man becomes excellently wise or excellently foolish.

Happy the man who lives at home. by W. it raises and rounds every figure. It heightens all the virtues which it accompanies. profit. It is true that men are no fit judges of themselves. Feltham. They fancy themselves superior to every one else. at my prosperity.Book of Wise Sayings. making it his business to regulate his desires. and. discolours and renders it noisome. But in envy who is it can find any of these? Instead of pleasure. 522. with their own evil. Like cankered brass. but sets off every talent which a man can be possessed of. we vex and gall ourselves. Envy is a vice that would pose a man to tell what it should be liked for. Goethe. because commonly they are partial to their own cause. A. Addison. Hazlitt. 521. When some one told Agis that those of his neighbour's family did envy him. Harrington. decline entering the lists altogether. "Why. A just and reasonable modesty does not only recommend eloquence. . It casts a cloud over the mind." Feltham. it only eats itself. yet it is as true that he who will dispose himself to judge indifferently of himself can do it better than any body else. then. 523. Clouston 75 Discontent is like ink poured into water. and renders it more occupied about the evil which disquiets it than about the means of removing it. like the shades of paintings. 524. "they have a double vexation--one. 525. and makes the colours more beautiful. because a man can see farther into his own mind and heart than any one else can. We are accustomed to see men deride what they do not understand. Thus they "lay the flattering unction to their souls" that they could have said better things than others. the other. nay. which fills the whole fountain full of blackness." says he. 526. La Fontaine. though not so glowing as they would be without it. Other vices we assume for that we falsely suppose they bring us either pleasure. not being sure of making good their secret pretensions. or honour. The most silent people are generally those who think most highly of themselves. or that the conversation was beneath them. and snarl at the good and beautiful because it lies beyond their sympathies.

Theophrastus. 530.Book of Wise Sayings. 529. A. as the blazing meteor when it descends to earth is only a . when to-morrow thou wouldst pluck a rose. may not afford thee one. Firdausí. Counting on morrows breedeth bankrupt sorrow: O squander not this breath that Heaven hath lent thee. degrading but profitable to him who flatters. for who knoweth what may be thy condition to-morrow? The rose-garden. and that of a wise man by his speech. Men of genius are often dull and inert in society. it was because he took to his heels in time. or as brilliancy from Jupiter. Make not too sure another breath to borrow. by W. 528. Virtue beameth from a generous spirit as light from the moon. Wieland. 534. 533. Flattery may be considered as a mode of companionship. the value of oxen by their carrying power. Socrates paid for his superiority with his life. It is commonly a dangerous thing for a man to have more sense than his neighbours. To-day is thine to spend. Though small. Mahábhárata. Nizámí. which to-day is full of flowers. Clouston 527. 532. the worth of a cow by its milk-giving capacity. accused as he was of heresy by the chief priest Eurymedon. 531. Leave not the business of to-day to be done to-morrow. Omar Khayyám. and if Aristotle saved his skin. 76 Rich presents. Burmese. but not to-morrow. which faith hath sanctified. The worth of a horse is known by its speed. Are not so dear to righteous Heaven As gifts by honest gains supplied. though profusely given.

. Society is a more level surface than we imagine. Whoever has not sufficient power to endure privations. This life is but one day of three meals. kine lowed. nay. Petrarch observes. 535. There is nothing keeps longer than a middling fortune. play the fool still.Book of Wise Sayings. by W. but not water. and he that lives a hundred years hath walked a mile after supper. whilst we overlook their superiority to us in something else which they set equal and exclusive store by. every disagreeable feeling he may suffer. and ever be. And as a river. 536. 538. as there are few giants or dwarfs. To sup well is to live well. and even suffering. and so shall our posterity continue to the last. Wise men or absolute fools are hard to be met with. habits. 537. laws. he must attribute to himself. can never feel that he is armour-proof against painful emotions. sparrows chirped. Overbury. dogs barked. manners. Clouston stone. Burton. but not vices. or have paid most attention to it. cocks crowed. customs. Von Humboldt. it is bed-time with a man of three score and ten. 540. keeps the like name and place. not diseases. youth. much as one. or at least to the morbid sensitiveness of his nature. that we change language. La Bruyère. and old age. and that's the way to sleep well. sheep bleated. we see. and nothing melts away sooner than a great one. and yet ever runs. Look how nightingales sang of old. 539. Our fancied superiority to others is in some one thing which we think most of because we excel in it. A. we are of the same humours and inclinations as our predecessors were. we and our sons. The heaviest charge we can bring against the general texture of society is that it is commonplace. so they do still: we keep our madness still. Longfellow. not the symptoms of folly and madness--they are still the same. or one meal of three courses--childhood. our times and persons alter. you shall find us all alike. vices are the same. It is resignation and contentment that are best calculated to lead us safely through life. Hazlitt. Poverty treads upon the heels of great and unexpected riches. 77 If a man die young he hath left us at dinner.

who consorts with thy enemies. Sa'dí. Whosoever hath not knowledge. 543. 78 The fool who knows his foolishness is wise so far. and dwelleth only in semblance. and benevolence. Who can tell Men's hearts? The purest comprehend Such contradictions. Eschew that friend. 541. He who mixes with unclean things becomes unclean himself. Clouston The mother of the useful arts is necessity. E'en the clear-sighted. 14. but in the presence of company praise him. the tempered steel. which itself is a kind of luxury. 542. . Its massive bolts Are pride and passion. the latter. for father the former have intellect. Schopenhauer. the power to feel. avarice and lust. Dhammapada. and can blend The force to bear. 544. Matt.[29] It cannot be perceived by foolish men. genius. 546.Book of Wise Sayings. he is called a fool indeed. and piety knoweth nothing of reality. VII. Hindu Drama. who discern the way And seek to enter. that of the fine arts is luxury. 545. If thou shouldst find thy friend in the wrong reprove him secretly. [29] Cf. find the portal barred And hard to be unlocked. at least. by W. The tender bud. Talmud. A. Heaven's gate is narrow and minute. Blinded by vain illusions of the world. but a fool who thinks himself wise. if thou art wise. Mahábhárata. he whose associations are pure becomes purer each day. 547. Sa'dí.

but friendly admonitions. for what's loud and senseless talking. Vulgar prejudices are those which arise out of accident. soon washed down the channel. 79 Is a preface exquisitely written? No literary morsel is more delicious. and the folly of the foolish. 548. like a small shower.Book of Wise Sayings. There are braying men in the world as well as braying asses. 550. is quiet. which may be very useful. Modesty is attended with profit. Chamberlain. 549. How should a turn of Fortune come to thee? Omar Khayyám. Richter. every drop distilled at an immense cost. The greatest hatred. Chinese. Lament not Fortune's mutability. natural prejudices are those which arise out of the constitution of the human mind itself. Harsh reproof is like a violent storm. and bring forth better reformation. 551. A. 554. It is the reason of the reasoning. huffing. or authority. 553. Clouston Arabic. . Isaac D'Israeli. by W. And seize her fickle favours ere they flee. 555. Is the author inveterately dull? It is a kind of preparatory information. and swearing any other than a more fashionable way of braying? L'Estrange. If others never mourned departed bliss. 552. It argues a deficiency of taste to turn over an elaborate preface unread: for it is the attar of the author's roses. Hazlitt. ignorance. R. like the greatest virtue and the worst dogs. arrogance brings on destruction. pierce deep.

if you would learn. Menander. It may administer matter to work in. 80 All such distinctions as tend to set the orders of the state at a distance from each other are equally subversive of liberty and concord. Whosoever lends a greedy ear to a slanderous report is either himself of a radically bad disposition or a mere child in sense. No man is the wiser for his learning. A. by W. Arabic. Those who are guided by reason are generally successful in their plans. 557.Book of Wise Sayings. Herodotus. or objects to work upon. 559. R. Selden. 560. Livy. those who are rash and precipitate seldom enjoy the favour of the gods. . 561. but wit and wisdom are born with a man. Butler. 556. if you would be safe. 563. 558. 562. Chamberlain. Clouston All wit and fancy. like a diamond. A foolish man in wealth and authority is like a weak-timbered house with a too-ponderous roof. The more exact and curious 'tis ground. Is forced for every carat to abate As much of value as it wants in weight. Listen. A lively blockhead in company is a public benefit. Silence or dulness by the side of folly looks like wisdom. be silent. Hazlitt.

La Bruyère. in all things. Chinese. in manners. depending upon accidents which diminish or increase it. 81 Scratch yourself with your own nails.Book of Wise Sayings. . The beauty of some women has days and seasons. and abode are unknown. the supreme excellence is simplicity. go to a person who can appreciate your merit. recall. Cervantes. family. A. In youth and health eschew them all. Longfellow. In character. 568. in style. Arabic. 564. Clouston Eminent positions make eminent men greater and little men less. 571. No joy in nature is so sublimely affecting as the joy of a mother at the good fortune of a child. 569. nay. Remembering life is frail and brief. on a sick-bed laid. Such deeds as thou with fear and grief Wouldst. Those who cause dissensions in order to injure other people are preparing pitfalls for their own ruin. and very often utterly destroy it. Richter. Schubert. 566. 565. Want and sorrow are the gifts which folly earns for itself. and when you intend asking for a service. 570. 567. A man should not keep company with one whose character. always do your own business. the very passions of the mind naturally improve or impair it. by W. Mahábhárata.

Book of Wise Sayings. for brilliant success never attends on the man who is contemned by himself. Rabelais. Heb.[30] Menander. he knows to withdraw the moment that precedes that in which he would be in the least in the way. It is the character of a simpleton to be a bore. for they may turn out to be the cause of good to us. The constant man loses not his virtue in misfortune. A torch may point towards the ground. Job V. 573. Quarles. 574. . A. but its flame will still point upwards. Goethe. [30] Cf. 579. and the greater part always gets the better of the wiser. 17. 577. 6. Sit not down to the table before thy stomach is empty. 82 In all companies there are more fools than wise men. If thou be rich. character is best formed in the stormy billows of the world. Talents are best nurtured in solitude. A man should never despise himself. Bhartrihari. Clouston Panchatantra. 578. XII. 576. Arabic. strive to command thy money. lest it command thee. 572. A man of sense sees at once whether he is welcome or tiresome. No one ought to despond in adverse circumstances. Mahábhárata. and rise before thou hast filled it. by W. 575.

and. 585. 581. for a common stone will break a jewel. wooed by many men. or as little as one can suspect the latent heat in ice-cold water. firmly persists and calmly perseveres. by W. 582. .Book of Wise Sayings. Comprehensive talkers are apt to be tiresome when we are not athirst for information. Just as one sees not in the water of an unruffled pond the fury and roar with which it can dash down a steep rock without injury to itself. A. Bháravi. Success is like a lovely woman. to be quite fair. but folded in the arms of him alone who. Clouston La Bruyère. Schopenhauer. will have nothing to announce but that addled delusion. but silence also does not necessarily brood over a full nest. and if a fool should overpower a philosopher by his loquacity it is not to be wondered at. he of the middle class is so after instruction. Speech is often barren. and not to use the voice of petition--these constitute the best life of a man. when it takes to cackling. 586. Not to attend at the door of the wealthy. 583. may all the while be sitting on one addled nest-egg. 83 The man of first rate excellence is virtuous in spite of instruction. free from over-zeal. 580. George Eliot. The sage who engages in controversy with ignorant people must not expect to be treated with honour. we must admit that superior reticence is a good deal due to lack of matter. but. the lowest order of men are vicious in spite of instruction. Your still fowl. Chinese. Hitopadesa. or how high it is capable of rising. What a man can do and suffer is unknown to himself till some occasion presents itself which draws out the hidden power. Sa'dí. blinking at you without remark. 584.

84 Treat no one with disdain. meeting with the shade Of some o'erhanging tree. Upon the ground. Single is every living creature born. by W. Abilities. Hitopadesa. awhile reposes. II. 576. with patience bear Reviling language. 175. 589. water. Affectation. 30. with an angry man Be never angry. however cold.Book of Wise Sayings. Advance step by step. and when he leaves His body. 37. 587. 184. man an. At the first outset. Clouston A feverish display of over-zeal. Single he eats the fruit of evil deeds. So men meet friends. 393. Single. 477. 172. 78. . 577. 330. 131. V. Then leaves its shelter to pursue his way. his kinsmen walk away: Virtue alone stays by him at the tomb. 588. A. is an obstacle To all success. Manu.[31] Manu. And bears him through the dreary. 366. Actor. INDEX. E'en as a traveller. 193. blessings give for curses. trackless gloom. Matt. like a log or heap of clay. 44. 570. 443. 398. 496. 82. Adversity. the fruit of good. [31] Cf. 553. Hitopadesa. friendly. 87. Admonition. then part with them for ever. 57. Actions to be avoided. Advice. 185. 17. Absent friend. Will penetrate the ground by slow degrees. 8. Abuse of the great. Single he passes to another world.

295. 406. Arts. Arrogance. 452. Bad men. Beginning. 165. 493. 542. 215. 395.Book of Wise Sayings. etc. Amusements necessary. Ambition. Associations. Apparel. Ancestry. 85 . 418. by W. Associates to be avoided. 318. 540. boast of. needless. 258. Angry man. Anger. A. wicked. 571. 364. 100. 119. 565.. Avarice. 179. Clouston Age should be indulgent. mothers of the. Authority. Agreeableness. 111. brute. reverence for. Associates. petty. Beauty. 117. 382. Annoyances. 513. Angel. 240. pride in. 351. 385. 481. 239. 199. 430.. 484. etc. 518. head. 587. 38. 561. 296. man. Behaviour. Age. Attributes of hand. Alms-giving. 464. 267. best. Beloved. 387. Anxiety. 15. 310. 151. 383. 130. 298.

Book of Wise Sayings. 109. 94. "Bless those that curse you. 5. Charity. Character. 160. 86. 191. best. the soul's tent. by W. portraying. test of men. 579. Bodily and mental qualities. Circumstances. 554. Borrowing. Cheerfulness. Body. 485. Character. 4. Capacities of men. Companions. Books. lively. 379. Conduct. Children. Clouston Beneficence." 587. 391. 131. 283. 450. Confidence. Braying men. Benefits. A. 550. 196. 252. Caution in changing. 345. 361. 465. 67. 302. 195. 214. 248. 429. 312. 86 . 32. 562. 204. 197. Clever men. Calmness. 564. Blockhead in fine clothes. 272. 268. Blockhead. do your own. 96. Boastfulness. Business. Bores.

Dog's tail. "Do unto others. 7. 346. 372. Diligence. 503. 466. Contemporaries' approval. 87 . 521. 156. Daily cares and duties. 520. Conversation. 274. 334. 502. Deeds and words. 584. 445. Distinctions. Doctrine entering the ear only. 10. Designs. Dangers reconcile foes. Dull minds. 71. 388. 425. 101. 441. Derision of superiority. 278. 285. 243. 52. 26. 405. by W. 138. Dreams. 557. Constancy of friends. 315.Book of Wise Sayings. Clouston Consolation." etc. Contentment. invidious. 135. 373. Death. 366. 389. 206. Difficulties.. 222. 471. Controversy with ignorant men. 461. Deportment. 538. 189. Discontent. Contrasts in life. 428. Deception. Delusions. Doubt. A.

273. 234. Faculties of men limited. 88 . 582. 408. 120. 572. 263. Faith not to be forced. Equality of men. 525. 563. 353. 413. 36. 510. 176. 64. 511. Eminence. Evil plotters. 95. 60. 569. 247. Envy. 352. 168. worldly. 134. Clouston Ears and tongue. Fame of good and evil deeds. 271. Endurance. 158. 321. 375. Experience. by W. 348. want of. Enjoyments. Excellence and mediocrity. 162. Fame. Errors in judgment. Expenditure. 277. 149. Evil not to be returned. Exertion. Evil men reformed. alloyed. Evil speaking. 468. Empty things. 341. 11. 255. 410. Energy. 124. 34. Eat moderately. 68. Falsehood. Familiarity with the great. Employment.Book of Wise Sayings. A. Education and morals. 343.

Fools. Generosity. 344. 169. 249. 478. 544. 496. 514. Giving. 198. 323. 251. 16. 13. 181. 347. Fortune. 116. the best friend. 316. 174. Fashions. 166. 108. 98. 219. 233. conferring. 80. Frugality. Forgiveness. 20. Friendship. 458. Folly's reward. 415. 41. 354. 173. despised. sudden transitions of. Fathers and sons. 89 . 56. 456. 529. 528. 477. Friends. 127. Faults. 262. 534. 317. 541. Gifts. 322. men's. 547. A. Foibles.Book of Wise Sayings. 276. 567. 140. Foes and friends. 330. 459. 339. God. 346. 483. 561. 265. 432. old. manner of. 24. Follies. Clouston Fancy. Genius dull in society. Feeling. 536. Flattery. 84. Favours. 552. 79. 269. 588. 122. 519. 39. by W. Fate and youth. 329. 97. 574. 446. Feeble characters. 465. Fate and wishes. 376. Fear. charm of. 309. 250.

90 . 145. Griefs. Good for evil. 253. Good son. 311. useless. 238. 136. 209. 25. 451. 289. Greed. Happiness. 192. 427. 337. 78. 297. Guilty men. 457. 16. 447. Great men. Health. 110. Goodness. 311. qualities of. 363. Grossness. 35. 394. 21. 406. 123. 324. 137. Handicraft.Book of Wise Sayings. 207. 16. 153. 29. 262. Clouston Gold beautifies. secret. 177. doing. Good. Golden mean. 549. Good name. 288. 367. 523. 303. Good wife. by W. 89. 187. Gratitude. 66. Good and bad men falling. 73. 70. 52. Harsh words. Good man's intellect. 447. 422. 317. Good man. Hatred. intercourse with. Good work undone. Grief. A. Great souls. Good words. 386. 58. 378. 15. 300.

129. 91 . Clouston Heart. 545. Inherent badness. 404. Hypocrisy. Impudence. 290. 4. 344. Judgments. 431. 355. Injury unjustifiable. 54. 523. 294. 253. 305. 581. Ignorance. 132. Kindness. 196. 179. 401. 460. 403. 373. 406. Independence. Indiscreet men. 5. 79. 580. Injury rebounds. Hoary head. 91. Heaven's gate. 126. Humility. by degrees. 198. 157. 92. 129. Irresolution. Home. 416. 308. 406. 311. 150. 374. by W.Book of Wise Sayings. 301. 407. man's individual. Idleness. Insignificance. Instruction. 62. Hearts and beauty. 490. Husband. 306. 103. 85. A. 199. 424. 413. Increase. Hero. 161. 259. Imitativeness. Kinsmen and strangers. 543. Judge things by their merit. how formed.

583. 144. 23. Labour. 506. 287. Liars. Men like ships. A. 128. 218. 133. Mean. 55. an actor. 453. 437. 275. 40. 326.Book of Wise Sayings. Man. 396. 235. 167. Laughter. Loquacity. 509." etc. 186. 498. 43. by W. 3. Memory. Mediocrity and excellence. 449. Losses half felt. 140. 429. 143. Love. Law. limited. 454. 201. 286. greatest. Man an intellectual animal. 463. 491. 416. 461. 307. the golden. knowledge of. 502. 60. 546. 333. 397. 359. 83. 92 . 33. 94. 409. Law and physic. 43. 37. 342. Marriage. 369. 485. 21. 182. 205. Mankind. 535. 539. 508. Mental offspring. 504. 479.. 241. 406. 365. 225. 163. Mental faculties. Liberality. Low-minded men. Life. 417. 355. 414. 47. 246. 120. 314. 7. 216. Loss. 449. 125. 301. Clouston Knowledge. "Many cooks. Learning. 93. Men. difficult to know.

Merit. Neighbour. Mothers' greatest joy. 242. by W. 115. Obliging others. 426. 190. 433. 522. Old and new things. 188. Merit without praise. 512. Opportunities. 420. 139. Misery. 93 . silence of. 204. Mind. Misanthropy. Nature praises the Creator. Money. 336. 357. A. Old age. 442. 196. Noble birth. Morning. 104. Merit. 270. Noble-minded men. Neighbours and companions. Clouston Mental and bodily qualifications. 566. 475. 65. every man one's. Mistakes. 434. innate.Book of Wise Sayings. 226. 573. Modesty. 481. Middling fortune. 266. 185. 229. 368. 536. Novel-reading. 485. lesson of the. 439. Old man. 548. 450. 282. 159. Night. true and false. Miser. 436. 72. 484. 279.

154. 185. Patience. Place. 76. Pleasure and pain. 96. by W. Outward perfection. 42. 377. things out of. 1. 9. Clouston Oppression. 121. 447. 207. Poetaster. 327. 280. 499. 119. Passionate man. 124. 44. 245. Plagiarism. Passions. 316. Personation. Past. 2. Pleasure in others' welfare. 94 ." 421. 191. 476. 135. Plans. 102. 350. present and future. 105. Peace. Physic and law. "Physician. 353. 337. Poesy. 410. heal thyself. 326. Parsimony. one common. 208. Parents' affection. 260. 472. Potter and clay. 422. 74. miscarried. 217. Personal troubles. greatest. 167. Origin. Popular opinion. Poverty. 118. 237. 406. 31. Pity.Book of Wise Sayings. A. Pleasure.

Praise. 492. 559. Prosperity. Promises. Providence. Pursuits. 213. 497. 550. 406. 559. 130. A. 320. 104. 102. 93.Book of Wise Sayings. 529. 456. 56. 68. Purpose without power. Clouston Praise and censure. 318. Reason. 146. broken. Premature actions. Presents. Pride. Prefaces to books. Prejudices. 358. Rashness. 315. Present affairs. 477. 107. Profitable thing. 88. Pretence. 546. Reckless life reformed. 80. Present good despised. 405. 338. by W. 393. 159. 501. 500. 466. 122. 95 . Pride in religious works. universal. 30. 203. 473. Projects. 487. 28. 291. how to merit. 157. Premature death. 10. Reality. 14. Prayer. 224. 299. 264. 462. 19. 175. Rabble among gentry. Progress. 551. 350.

587. 18. 298. 152. Reprehension. 263.Book of Wise Sayings. harsh. 516. 46. Resolution. 443. 486. A. Remorse. Resignation. 282. 99. useless. 280. Respect. Self-conceit. Reviling to be borne. 112. 470. 281. Reticence. Riches. 401. 505. Ridiculous. 257. cause of the. 553. Self-contemning. 210. Secrets. Self-dissatisfaction. Salvation. Clouston Regrets. 75. 12. 524. Sea-margins of thought. 148. pity. 400. Self-conquest. Self-depreciation. hatred. 586. Self-judging. Seeming to be more than one is. Romances. 390. 123. 536. Restraint. 261. 96 . Reproof. Self-knowledge. 489. Self-control. 223. by W. 419. 187. 471. 220. 538. 221. 578. 288. 141. 292. Righteousness.

412. 444. 50. by W. Slander. 226. 448. 22. 254. Shame. 435. 258. 438. 412. 474. 370. 465. 115. Speech. Sensuality. 244. 488. 97 . 381. 284. Clouston Self-love. 170. 474. 142. 180. Strangers and kinsmen. Subtle and dull minds. Self-reliance. Society. Style in writing. 256. 69. 91. 374. 568. Sorrows. Self-seeking men. Stupidity. Shadows of the mind. 338. 278. 335. 556. good. repeated. 560. 27. Silence. Sparing and spending. 423. 467. 511. Self-valuation. 16. Self-palliation. Son. 61. 180. bores. Smatterers. 589. etc. 6. A. 90. Simpletons. 185. 254..Book of Wise Sayings. 384. Simplicity. Single are we born. Self-praises. 579. 438. 328. 537. 515. Sin. Serve from lowest station upwards.

359. 273. 147. Think before speaking. 349. 182. 399. Temptation. 79. 57. 392. Successes. 325. 531. 356. Titles of books. 371. A. 583. Thought. 331. 149. 527. 113. 244. Things good and bad. 583. 578. Superstition. 98 . unexpected. 576. 155. Things long desired. 530. 59. Things universally valued. 301. Time. Sympathy. Clouston Subtle-witted men. 474. 583. 106. Talkativeness. 526. Tongue and ears. Trials. Suffering. To-day and to-morrow. 53. 507. 114. 380. Success. Taciturnity. 278. Thorns and roses.Book of Wise Sayings. 402. 360. Temperance. 183. Sweep your own doorstep. Things to be guarded against. Superiority. 51. 516. Toil and pleasure. Talents and character. by W. 283.

340. lessons of the. Vanity.Book of Wise Sayings. 115. 293. Wicked associates. Vacant mind. Vociferation. 455. the human. 131. Virtue. 161. Wit and fancy. 332. 411. 99 . cure of. 400. 532. Wife. 401. 584. Weak and strong men. Vicissitudes. 231. vain. 589. 440. 148. Vaticination. 210. Undertakings of the careless. 533. 449. 202. 584. 304. by W. Wishes and powers. 16. Wicked. 361. Truth and severity. 449. 555. Wealth. 584. 187. 462. 212. Voice. 406. 171. 267. 469. Valour. 486. lovers of. 265. 48. 194. father to the thought. 232. Truth. 482. 246. Wish. 227. Universe. 236. unstable. 229. A. Wickedness. 313. Wisdom. odious in the learned. 494. 215. 77. Wise men. Vices. Wishes. 200. Clouston Troubles.

org/2/1/1/3/21130/ Produced by Bill Tozier. early. Transcriber's Notes: 100 In the original. Clouston *** END OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK BOOK OF WISE SAYINGS *** ***** This file should be named 21130-8. Youth. a beautiful book. World. 480. 558. 63. books. Zeal.pgdp. Words cannot be recalled. Woman.net Updated editions will replace the previous one--the old editions will be renamed. Writings. all letters á. 164. set forth in the General Terms of Use part of this . 509. Creating the works from public domain print editions means that no one owns a United States copyright in these works.txt or 21130-8. harsh. 34. 96.zip ***** This and all associated files of various formats will be found in: http://www. 495. misspent. 49. 228.Book of Wise Sayings. negligence in. 45. 319. so the Foundation (and you!) can copy and distribute it in the United States without permission and without paying copyright royalties. 586. í. 230. Years. A. Special rules.gutenberg. 178. 362. 211. 517. Barbara Tozier and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www. Worst thing. Worldly fame and pleasure. Words. A. 158. like beauty. except for the word Chándálas. Words without deeds. 406. 81. Clouston Wit and wisdom. Wretched not to be mocked. 192. Youth returns not. Item 54: Mahhábhárata changed to Mahábhárata Item 92: Mahábáhrata changed to Mahábhárata Item 115: Depend not an changed to Depend not on Item 306: Chandalas' changed to Chándálas' Item 434: Goldini changed to Goldoni End of the Project Gutenberg EBook of Book of Wise Sayings. by W. excessive. which appears as printed. ú had macrons instead of accents. by W. like dishes.

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