# Haziq Rauf Jacky Chan Analysis of Commercial Bleach Lab I.

Purpose In this experiment, the amount of sodium hypochlorite in a commercial bleach will be determined by reacting it with sodium thiosulfate in the presence of iodide ions and starch. A solution of sodium thiosulfate of known concentration will be added to the bleach using a buret in a titration procedure. The disappearance of the dark blue color of the starch-iodine complex will signal the end point. II. Procedures Pre-Lab Questions 1. What is meant by a titration ? Titration is a technique where a solution of known (acid or base) concentration is used to determine the concentration of an unknown (acid or base) solution. 2. A solution of household vinegar (a mixture of acetic acid and water) is to be analyzed. A pipet is used to measure out 10.0 mL of the vinegar, which is placed in a 250mL volumetric flask. Distilled water is added until the total volume of solution is 250 mL. A 25.0-mL portion of the diluted solution is measured out with a pipet and titrated with a standard solution of sodium hydroxide. The neutralization reaction is as follows: HC2H3O2(aq) + OH-(aq) C2H3O2-(aq) + H2O(l) It is found that 16.7 mL of 0.0500 M NaOH is needed to titrate 25.0 mL of the diluted vinegar. Calculate the molarity of the diluted vinegar. Molarity=Moles/Volume Moles = Molarity x Volume (.0500 M NaOH)(16.7 mL) = ( x M diluted vinegar)( 25.0 mL) x M diluted vinegar = .0334 M diluted vinegar 3. Calculate the molarity of the household vinegar. Molarity = Moles/Volume Moles = Molarity x Volume (.0334 M diluted vinegar)(250 mL of diluted vinegar) = ( x M household vinegar)( 10.0 mL of Household vinegar) x M household vinegar = (.0334 M diluted vinegar x 250 mL of diluted vinegar)/ 10.0 mL of Household Vinegar x M household vinegar = .835 M 4. The household vinegar has a density of 1.05g/mL. Calculate the percent by mass of acetic acid in the household vinegar.