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Published by: Alok Sharma on Apr 15, 2011
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The European Union

50 Years of Peace, Prosperity and Partnership

The European Union
Celebrating the European Union: A Half Century of Change and Progress
‡ Since the creation of the EU half a century ago, Europe has enjoyed the longest period of peace in its history. ‡ European political integration is unprecedented in history. ‡ EU enlargement has helped overcome the division of Europe ± contributing to peace, prosperity, and stability across the continent. ‡ A single market and a common currency conditions for companies and consumers. ‡ EU has united the citizens of Europe ± while preserving Europe¶s diversity.

European Union
United in diversity

The European Union
What is the European Union?


Member States

‡ Shared values: liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law. ‡ Largest economic body in the world. ‡ World¶s most successful model for advancing peace and democracy. ‡ A unique institution ± Member States voluntarily cede national sovereignty in many areas to carry out common policies and governance.

Combined population of EU Member States



Percent of world¶s population

Percent of global GDP


‡ Not a super-state to replace existing states, nor just an organization for international cooperation. ‡ World¶s most open market for goods and commodities from developing countries.


Percent of combined worldwide Official Development Assistance

‡ Council presidency rotates among Member States every six months. each responsible for a specific policy area. representing the European perspective. European Commission President José Manuel Barroso . ‡ Decides on foreign policy issues. representing Member State¶s point of view. Council of the European Union ‡ EU¶s main decision-making body.The European Union EU Institutions European Commission ‡ 27 Commissioners. and enforces rules. ‡ EU¶s executive branch proposes legislation. comprised of ministers of 27 Member States. manages Union¶s day-to-day business and budget. ‡ Negotiates trade agreements and manages Europe¶s multilateral development cooperation.

S.The European Union EU Institutions European Parliament ‡ Voice of European citizens ± members elected for five-year terms. ‡ Ensures all EU laws are interpreted and applied correctly and uniformly. ‡ With the Council. ‡ Can act as an independent policy maker but unlike the U. European Court of Justice ‡ Highest EU judicial authority. . Supreme Court. the ECJ can only deal with matters covered by the Treaties. European Parliament in session ‡ Approves EU Commissioners. passes EU laws and adopts EU budgets.

‡ The ECB operates independently from Member State governments. the euro.The European Union European Central Bank ‡ The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for Europe's single currency. ‡ The ECB¶s main task is to maintain the euro's purchasing power and thus price stability in the euro area. ‡ The euro area comprises the 15 European Union countries that have introduced the euro since 1999. The euro was introduced in 1999 .

The European Union United in Diversity .The ¼uro .

The European Union The ¼uro ¼ In 1999. the euro area was established as a currency in eleven of the then fifteen EU Member States. ¼ One of the striking benefits of a single European currency are low interest rates due to a high degree of price stability. ¼ Of the 27 EU Member States today. . fifteen have adopted the euro. ¼ The euro is as stable and credible as the bestperforming currencies previously used in the euro area countries.

the Federal Republic of Germany. Jean Monnet and other leaders with the first ³European´ ingot of steel . Italy. the aim was to secure peace among Europe¶s victorious and vanquished nations and bring them together as equals. cooperating within shared institutions. ‡ Based on a plan by French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman. France. ‡ Six founding countries ± Belgium. Luxembourg and the Netherlands ± signed a treaty to run heavy industries (coal and steel) under common management.The European Union 1951: European Coal and Steel Community ‡ In the aftermath of World War II.

and capital today move freely across the Union. Signing of the Treaty of Rome . goods. services.´ ‡ As a result.The European Union 1957: Treaty of Rome ‡ The six founding countries expanded cooperation to other economic sectors. people. creating the European Economic Community (EEC) ± or ³common market.

The European Union 1951 Founding Members Belgium France Germany Italy Luxembourg Netherlands .

The European Union 1973 Denmark Ireland United Kingdom .

The European Union 1981 Greece .

The European Union 1986 Portugal Spain .

The European Union November 1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall sets the stage for unifying Europe and EU enlargement .

The European Union 1995 Austria Finland Sweden .

The European Union 2004 Cyprus Czech Republic Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Malta Poland Slovakia Slovenia .

The European Union 2007 Bulgaria Romania .

The European Union Candidate Countries Croatia Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Potential Candidate Countries Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Montenegro Serbia including Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution 1244 .

´ European Council Declaration Dec. respect for human rights. 1957 Member States Population Languages 6 174 million 4 2007 27 493 million 23 .The European Union 50 Years of EU Integration Enlargement has: ³Enlargement has been a success story for the European Union and Europe as a whole. democracy. ‡ Enhanced the EU¶s weight in the world and made it a stronger and more attractive international partner. 2006 ‡ Inspired reforms and consolidated common principles of liberty. and market economy. the rule of law. fundamental freedoms. It has helped to overcome the division of Europe and contributed to peace and stability throughout the continent. 15.

High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana. and EU Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner development. . delivers concrete results in the fight to eradicate poverty.The European Union The EU in the World The EU is a global player. prosperity. and in achieving sustainable UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. democracy and human rights. Its soft power promotes stability.

curtail terrorist financing. ± Boosts trade and transport security to support the struggle against terrorism. ‡ Counterterrorism & Homeland Security ± Taken steps to improve intelligence sharing. enhance law enforcement and judicial cooperation.The European Union Addressing Global Challenges ‡ Peace & Security ± Works for global peace and security alongside the United States and multilateral organizations ± including NATO and the United Nations. ± Undertakes humanitarian and peacekeeping missions and has provided military forces for crisis management around the globe. .

. providing 55% of total official development assistance. ± Fights racism and intolerance at home and abroad. ± Campaigns globally against capital punishment.The European Union Addressing Global Challenges ‡ Democracy & Human Rights ± Works globally for free elections and open democratic processes. ± Provides billions of dollars in humanitarian aid to more than 100 countries in response to crises and natural disasters. ‡ Development Assistance & Humanitarian Relief ± The EU and its Member States are the world¶s largest aid donor.

to promote growth and jobs in both industrialized and developing countries.The European Union Addressing Global Challenges ‡ Trade ± European Commission represents all 27 EU Member States before the World Trade Organization. ± Supports free trade and open markets. within the rules-based structure of the WTO. . ± The world's most open market for products and commodities from developing countries ± 40% of all EU imports are from developing countries.

The European Union Addressing Global Challenges ‡ Environmental Protection ± A leader in global efforts to protect the environment. ± Executing a ³cap and trade´ system to reduce greenhouse gas emissions ± Takes the lead in the fight against global warming with the adoption of binding energy targets (cutting 20% of the EU¶s greenhouse gas emissions by 2020). such as the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change. maintaining rigorous and comprehensive systems at home. ± Plays a key role in developing and implementing international agreements. Source: German Information Center USA .

The European Union The European Union and the United States ³Our strong friendship is essential to peace and prosperity around the globe.´ President George W. most comprehensive. to passing disagreement among nations. and a united Europe ± this is really the indispensable partnership. will ever divide us. Bush ³The relationship between the United States and Europe is the world¶s strongest. no power on earth.´ President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso . The United States. No temporary debate. and strategically important partnership.

S. agree. ‡ EU and U.S.S.The European Union Partners in Global Leadership ‡ EU and U. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice ± Spreading benefits of globalization ‡ EU and its Member States are helping restore peace and stability in Afghanistan.S. ‡ When the EU and U. work together in the Middle East Quartet to advance the peace process. work together to develop international standards: ± Fighting terrorism and transnational crime ± Advancing global trade liberalization ± Combating piracy and intellectual property violations EU Commissioner Benita FerreroWaldner & U. . others tend to follow.

. and work for global peace. limit the spread of nuclear weapons. good governance. provide 80% of global development assistance and an even larger share of global humanitarian aid in times of disaster and conflict. and the rule of law around the world.S. ‡ Security Cooperate to fight terrorism. human rights. EU and U. ‡ Development Together.The European Union Shared Values and Responsibilities ‡ Freedom & Democracy Support free elections.

‡ The $3 trillion EU-U. Europe accounted for roughly twothirds of total global investment flows into the U.The European Union A Dynamic Transatlantic Economy ‡ EU and U. ± by far the most significant source of foreign investment in the U.S.S. transatlantic economy employs 14 million workers on both sides of the Atlantic. together account for 40% of total global trade (more than $1. ‡ In 2005.S. .S.5 billion in transatlantic trade every day). economy.

± U. combined. Germany. France.The European Union ‡ European companies are the leading foreign investors in the U.S. BMW¶s assembly plant is South Carolina¶s largest private sector employer.alone as they make in China. ‡ American companies invest far more in EU countries than in Asia. EU investments in Texas alone surpassed all U.S. and the Netherlands ± top four sources of jobs created by foreign investment in the United States. investments in China and Japan. ± The UK. businesses make 5 times the profit in the Netherlands . ± In 2005.S. .

come global responsibilities. ± Advance strategic cooperation on energy security. face common challenges that are global in origin and impact. including security and non-proliferation. ‡ EU and U. ± Confront global challenges. . with our shared values and common interests. ± Foster prosperity and opportunity.S..The European Union Future of Transatlantic Relations ‡ EU and U.S. human rights and democracy worldwide. climate change and sustainable development. are natural partners to give a lead in four key areas: ± Promote peace. With global challenges.

pandemics and natural disasters on its own. July 2006 . non-proliferation.S. we commit ourselves to strengthening our cooperation to address these challenges. counterterrorism.The European Union ³Since no single nation can efficiently and effectively deal with global challenges such as climate change.´ EU-U. Summit Declaration Vienna.

S. provide joint or dual higher educational degree programs.S.The European Union Education & Research ‡ EU and U. universities. cooperate on science and technology education through: ± Exchange programs ± More than 700 institutional partnerships ± Vocational training EU supports R&D to increase Europe¶s growth and global competitiveness. ± Scholarship programs ± R&D cooperatives ‡ EU and U. .S. ‡ EU funds Centers of Excellence at leading U.

The European Union .

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