E-Business and Business Intelligence

Enterprise Resource Planning - Architecture
By Prof T.R.Vaidyanathan

ERP architecture
ERP software is designed to model automate many of the basic processes of a company, from finance to shop floor, with the goal of integrating information across the company and eliminating complex, expensive links between computer systems that were never meant to talk to each other. SAP ERP systems effectively implemented can have huge cost benefits. Integration is the key in this process. "Generally, a company's level of data integration is highest when the company uses one vendor to supply all of its modules." An out-of-box software package has some level of integration but it depends on the expertise of the company to install the system and how the package allows the users to integrate the different modules.

ERP architecture
Independent studies have shown that deployment and maintenance costs of a SAP solution can greatly vary depending on the organization. For example, some point out that because of the rigid model proposed by the SAP tools, a lot of customization code to adapt to the business process may have to be developed and maintained.. Some others pointed out that a return on investment could only be obtained when there was both a sufficient number of users and sufficient frequency of use. Deploying SAP itself can also involve a lot of time and resources

ERP architecture
ERP architecture

ERP architecture

ERP architecture
SAP NetWeaver is SAP's technology platform. It has all of SAP's technology in it. It is used to build and run SAP Applications and customer applications (Application server, data warehouse, portal, coding, messaging, etc). SAP ECC is part of the SAP ERP application (actually it is the minimal installation of SAP ERP). SAP ERP runs on SAP NetWeaver. So when you get SAP ERP you get SAP NetWeaver. SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management (MDM) enables data migration and reduction of data maintenance costs, ensures cross-system data consistency, accelerates business processes and improves decision-making SAP NetWeaver includes a comprehensive set of components and tools. Components SAP NetWeaver Application Server – Supports platform-independent Web services, business applications, and standards-based development, enabling you to leverage existing technology assets for Web-services-oriented solutions SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse – Enables you to integrate data from across the enterprise and transform it into practical, timely business information to drive sound decision making

ERP architecture
SAP NetWeaver Business Process Management – Provides tools to help you model, execute, and monitor business processes based on a single, consistent process model SAP NetWeaver Business Rules Management – Allows you to create and maintain business rules to ensure that processes conform to business policies. SAP NetWeaver Process Integration – Delivers SOAbased technology that supports process-centric integration across the extended value chain SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management – Ensures cross-system data consistency and helps integrate business processes across the extended value chain

ERP architecture

ERP architecture

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