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(Rules/playing areas, number of players, game length, equipment, venues and payments for athletes were not the same in the past. These changed over time.)
(GTR, Grand Trunk Railway now CNR, Canadian National Railway; CPR, Canadian Pacific Railway)
1807 Montreal Curling Club (oldest sporting club in NA)
1820 Kingston Curling Club
1811Postal service to Upper Canada is such
that "a courier between Montréal and Kingston, U.C., is dispatched once a fortnight throughout the year" The mails run between Québec and Montréal every weekday except Sunday and Friday; between Québec and Halifax once a fortnight; between Québec and Upper Canada twice a week
1824 Halifax Curling Club 1825
World¶s first public railway (England) Darlington to Stockton
1827 Toronto Cricket Club 1828 1829 Pictou Curling Club 1830 1835 First intercity sports competition: Quebec City vs
Montreal (Curling). Both teams sleighed to Three Rivers, took 2 days each way.
First Railroad in USA Liverpool to Manchester RR powered by Stephenson¶s ³Rocket´ 1831Mail service between Montréal and Niagara, known as the Grand Route, increases to five times a week, First RR in Canada: St. Johns (St. Jean) on Richelieu R. to Laprairie on St. Lawrence R. opposite Montreal
1836 Toronto Curling Club
1842 Montreal Olympic Club (Games in 1844) 1843 St. John¶s Nfld Curling Club, Mtl Snowshoe Club,
Mtl Cricket Club
First RR in Maritimes: Albion Mines RR, Nova Scotia 1840 In England, the world¶s first governmentstamped envelope and letter sheet are introduced. 1841steamboat mail service between Montréal and Québec
1844 Cricket: Canada vs USA 1845 First published rules for Baseball (New York) 1849
Railway Guarantee Act
1850 Baseball teams formed in Hamilton, St. Thomas,
Guelph Canada West (Ontario)
f An Act for Enabling Colonial Legislatures to Establish Inland Posts (Gt. Brit. 12 & 13 Vic., c.66). The legislation provides, among other things, a reduction in postage charges on all letters passing between places within the provinces or within British North America to a uniform rate of three pence per one-half ounce (14 grams). All charges for some newspapers are removed entirely. 1851The first Canadian stamp, the Three Penny Beaver, is designed by Sir Sandford Fleming. It is one of the world¶s earliest examples of a pictorial stamp, as opposed to the customary portrait of the reigning monarch First regular steamboat service to Britain from Canada
Great Western RR Niagara Falls to Windsor, Canada West (Ontario)
First recorded British army Rugby game (during Crimean War), First Montreal Annual Caledonian Games (Track and Field, valuable prizes)
the first mail cars aboard trains Postage rates on newspapers are abolished but are reinstated in 1859.
1856 Start of large inter-club Bonspiels (Curling
GTR opens Toronto. to Montreal, about 12 hours each way; Sarnia to Toronto opens delivery of mail between Québec and Windsor is reduced to 49 hours from 10½ days in 1853.
1857 Baseball rules standardized (New York, 16 Clubs 1858 1859
follow Knickerbocker Club of NY Rules) Burlington International Curling (32 Can & USA teams) First Toronto vs Montreal sports¶ competitions (Curling, Lacrosse), First English Cricket team tours Canada
In April, the principle of prepayment is applied by the British Post Office to correspondence between the United Kingdom and the colonies, including the Province of Canada. Parcel post service is introduced Street boxes for the day and night reception of letters are first introduced in Toronto.
To encourage the habit of paying for postage before sending a letter, the Province of Canada introduces pre-stamped envelope
1860 W.G. Beers, codifies Lacrosse Rules in Montreal
St. Lawrence R. bridged; GTR from Sarnia to Portland, Maine. Horse-drawn streetcars in Canada from 1860¶s
1861 ³Football´ (mixture of rugby & soccer) first
played at University of Toronto
1863 Rugby & Soccer officially separate as sports in 1864 1865
London, England. University of Toronto devises ³Rugby´ Rules, First Oxford vs Cambridge Track Meet British Army ³Rugby´ Team plays a Montreal team, Canada vs USA Curling (Canada won)
Steamboats carry majority of immigrants to Canada
1866 1867 Canadian National Lacrosse Foundation (W.G. 1868
Beers, Montreal) Montreal ³Football´ Club (now Westmount Rugby Club) plays British soldiers at rugby
Inter-Colonial RR to Maritimes in the Articles of Confederation
1869 Hamilton Football Club (now Canadian Football) 1870 Federation of Caledonian Games (Donald Dinnie,
World Champion Athlete from Scotland tours Games, vast crowds in Toronto, Mtl, NY)
Rotary Snow Plough (invented by J.W. Eliot) starts to replace bulldozer plough.
1871 England¶s Rugby Football Union (21 Clubs 1873 1874
standardize rules), First international Rugby game (Scotland vs England) Royal Montreal Golf Club, oldest in NA. Start of American and Canadian Football (NFL & CFL) McGill plays Harvard University using McGill¶s ³Rugby´ rules (Harvard returns to the
1872 Nova Scotia is connected to Canada by railway, thus providing continuous railway mail communication from Halifax to Ontario Home mail delivery begins in 1874 in Montréal.
USA to play ³Rugby´ with oval ball against other Ivy League teams)
Quebec Golf Club founded; First organized Hockey game, McGill University at Victoria Ice Rink
1876 Winnipeg Curling Club, Westmount Rugby Club
(oldest Rugby Club in NA) Toronto Golf Club, Can. Baseball Assoc. (Toronto), Canadians bring Lacrosse to England (Queen Victoria approves) US Baseball Pennant won by London, Ontario Tecumseh team, James Creighton of McGill University codifies Ice Hockey, McGill U. First Hockey team in the world Canada¶s earliest recorded tennis tournament at Montreal Lacrosse Club; Mtl Bicycle Club; Ned Hanlan was paid $3,700 by RR to row; Mtl Amateur Athletic Association (MAA) world model for sports clubs
Inter-Colonial Line opens linking Maritimes & Central Canada (Sandford Fleming, engineer)
1880 Scotland & Ireland establish Rugby Unions, Quebec
City vs Montreal (Golf)
1881 1882 1883 ³ World Championship´ Lacrosse game in 1884
On June 1, newspapers and periodicals printed and published in Canada are granted free transmission by post within the Dominion. Montreal, Field Hockey Codified (England) Canadian Rugby Union formed (Toronto, Montreal, Hamilton decide to use England¶s Rugby-Football Union Rules of 1871)
The Eaton Company, established at Toronto in 1869, issues its first mail-order catalogue
1885 Montreal City Hockey League. Oldest Hockey
rivalry Oxford vs Cambridge Ice Hockey game (Canadians at Oxford/Cambridge Universities play in Switzerland, take the game to Europe)
September: Jumbo The Elephant killed on GTR @ St. Thomas, Ontario; Second Riel Rebellion (troops travel by train to put it down; 7th Nov. ³Last Spike´ CPR links Vancouver with Central Canada,)
1886 Amateur Hockey Association of Canada
GTR amalgamates with Great Western RR The first transcontinental train leaves Montréal on 28 June and arrives at Port Moody, British Columbia, on 4 July. With the already existing connections between Montréal and Halifax, an all-Canadian mail service is established. Beginning 1 August, parcel post begins operating between Canada and the United Kingdom for parcels not exceeding 1.3 kg (three pounds) in weight
1888 World¶s First Soccer League, Birmingham
England (12 Clubs) First Golf Club in USA, Louis Rubenstein (Mtl) wins US Figure Skating British Columbia Rugby Union Louis Rubenstein (Mtl) wins World Figure Skating Championship in Moscow
Electric streetcars create ³downtown´ cities (cheaper because no horses to feed) Vast crowds created for sports events, carried by steam trains then electric streetcars
1893 First Stanley Cup for Hockey Champions of Canada
(awarded by the Governor-General) to Montreal Amateur Athletic Club.
1894 Association Athlètique Amateur (first francophone 1896
athletic club in Mtl) First Modern Olympics, Athens Greece 1898 The first Christmas stamp in the world is issued by Canada. Also known as the "map stamp," it is the first multi-coloured stamp issued by Canada. 1899 Funds in the amount of $5000 are voted by Parliament for the purchase of two automobiles to be used by the Post Office in Toronto. The cars were supposed to be used to transfer bulky loads of mail between Union Station and Terminal A, the city¶s largest sorting facility at the time. They were also to be used to help empty the street letter boxes. In fact, the cars were never purchased. Instead, the Post Office bought six quadricyles²a kind of motorized bicycle²the following year.
1900 Nets for Hockey goals; Second Olympic Games in
1904 International Professional Hockey League (PHL);
Féderation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA); First Canadian Open Golf Club Championship; Third Olympic Games in St, Louis, USA Hockey team from Dawson City travels by dogsled, steamboat & RR to compete in Stanley Cup in Ottawa Fourth Olympic Games in London England National Hockey Association (Montreal)
1905 1908 1910
1912 Women compete in Olympic Games for first time,
1913 International Football Association (4
representatives from FIFA and one each from Scotland, England, Ireland and Wales)
Grand Trunk Pacific crosses the Continent in Canada RR plays major role in organizing army enlistment; ³Winnie The Pooh´ bought by a soldier from Winnipeg @ GTR halt at White River, Ontario; Canadian RR Corps creates and operates all lines for British Forces in France.
1917 National Hockey League (NHL) 1918 1919 1920 Ice Hockey in Olympics for first time (Gold Medal,
Canada) held in Antwerp, Belgium Paris, France
GTR bankrupt, becomes Canadian National Railways( CNR)
1924 NHL expands into United States; Olympic Games in
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