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ô quality, positive attributes or virtues.

ô Samkhya system of Indian philosophy

believes that apart from purusharth which
focus on inner core of personality, our original
prakarti consist of three gunas:

ô ’      




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G Spiritual G uman Attribute G Animal Attribute

ô Sattva (white) is felt as pureness, radiance,

calm ,clarity, balance.
ô Rajas (red) is felt as agitation, desire, impulse,
intent and passion, and is expressed as
physical tension, agitation and activity in all
its forms.
ô Tamas (black, meaning Ǯdarknessǯ or
Ǯobscurityǯ) is felt as dullness or darkness of
mood, and as physical inertia, heaviness or

ô The food which promotes life, strength,
health, joy are soft nourishing and easily
digestible and it is represented by S.
ô The food that are bitter, saltiest as well as
spicy in taste are by the passionate and is
represented by R.
ô The food that are spoiled, tasteless,
unhygienic, unclean, are the foods liked by
dull which is represented by T.

ô It enhances the quality of work life through

proper understanding of rights and duties
and ego and strength.
ô Effective leadership behavior and functional
teams are also some of the outcomes of S
ô Managerial effectiveness can be efficiently
enhanced through the aid of the strength of

ô Úrganization having their foundations build

upon S like TATAǯs and Birlaǯs are still today
firmly grounded inspite of those build upon R
like Reliance keep on facing ups and downs
where as those build upon T are no where in
scene like BPL etcǥ
u   mm

ô ^rishna said:
Sattva or goodness, Rajas or activity, and Tamas
or inertia; these three Gunas of mind bind the
imperishable soul to the body,
ô Úh Arjuna of these, Sattva, being calm, is
illuminating and ethical. It fetters the
embodied being, The JivaGatma, by
attachment to happiness and knowledge.
ô Ú Arjuna, know that Rajas is characterized by
intensity, and is born of desire and
attachment. It binds the Jiva by attachment
to the fruits of action.
ô ^now, Ú Arjuna, that Tamas, the deluder of
Jiva, is born of inertia. It binds by ignorance,
laziness, and sleep.
ô Úh Arjuna, Sattva attaches one to happiness,
Rajas to action, and Tamas to ignorance by
covering the knowledge. Sattva dominates
by suppressing Rajas and Tamas; Rajas
dominates by suppressing Sattva and Tamas;
And Tamas dominates by suppressing Sattva
and Rajas,
ô Arjuna said:
What are the characteristics of those
Who have transcended the three Gunas,
And what is their conduct?
ow does one transcend these three Gunas, Ú
Lord ^rishna?
ô ^rishna said:
Úne who neither hates the presence of
Enlightenment, activity, and delusion
Nor desires for them when they are absent; and
The one who remains like a witness;
Who is not moved by the Gunas,
Thinking that the Gunas only are operating;
Who stands firm and does not waver; and
The one who depends on the Lord
And is indifferent to pain and pleasure;
To whom a clod, a stone, and gold are alike;
To whom the dear and the unfriendly are alike;
Who is of firm mind; who is calm
In censure and in praise; and
The one who is indifferent
To honor and disgrace; who is the same
To friend and foe; who has renounced
The sense of doership; is said
To have transcended the Gunas.