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Marine Corps Training Center

raining is a never-ending process in the Corps and to be in the
Marines one has to be a trainor or trainee most of the time.
Marines spend much of their time for this activity for this is
the only way to keep individual and unit skills at its peak for
combat. Although the Marine Corps Training Center is tasked with the
basic, advance and other career courses for each Marine - unit
commanders conduct their own training to ensure continuity either in
garrison or in the operational area. The Marine Corps is the only unit
in the armed forces that practice the rotation of its Battalions from
the operational area for the purpose of retraining and reequipping at
its headquarters in Fort Bonifacio. Perhaps one outstanding feature of
Marine Corps training is from the words of its third commandant, when
he stated "One outstanding custom is the desire of every Marine to
excel in everything he does - to do better than every other person.
This was imbued into each Marine during the basic training and followed
through by the officers upon completion of training and then assignment
to the line".

Marine Corps training had its beginnings right after the activation
of the "A" Company on November 7, 1950. With six officers and 206
enlisted personnel, the task of forging the "Cutting Edge of the Armed
Forces of the Philippines" was laid on the shoulders of a young
training staff and the senior Non Commissioned Officers, who acted as
the first drill instructors, and became the unit's key personnel who
were all sailor volunteers and Philippine Scouts veterans of the just
concluded WWII.

The toughening phase of the training was conducted at Poro Pont in
San Fernando, La Union. It was during that phase when the training
activities were inspected by no less than the Secretary of National
Defense, the Honorable Ramon Magsaysay who announced the arrival of new
weapons from the U.S. arsenals and decreed that American military
instructors were to take over the training in weapons. The first of the
training exchanges between the United States Marines Corps and the
Philippine Marines thus started.

The turmoil in Southern Philippines paved the way for the Marine's
rapid expansion in the early 1970's. During that period, applicants
flocked to the recruiting centers in droves, each hoping to become of
one of "The Few, The Proud, The Marines." With the activation of the
Marine Brigade in 1972, formal education and training of officers and
enlisted personnel became a primary concern.

The year 1973 was significant in Marine Corps training. It was during
this year that plans for the establishment of an independent training
unit were laid out to effectively cater to the education and training
needs of the officers and enlisted personnel of the growing
organization. Eventually, on September 6, 1973, the Marine Training
Group was activated pursuant to General Orders Number 8, Headquarters,
Philippine Marines Brigade dated September 5, 1973, It was initially
composed of a Headquarters and Service Detachment, a Recruit Training
Unit, an Amphibious Troop Training Unit, and a Marine Sniper
Detachment.

Aside from its primary mission, the Marine Training Group also
regularly trained personnel of the other AFP units particularly in
amphibious operations and marksmanship. A year later, on November 2,
1974, the Marine Training Group was redesignated as the Marine Brigade
School pursuant to General Orders No. 25, Headquarters, Philippine
Marine Brigade dated November 4, 1974. By then, top quality training in
the school became a by-word in the entire AFP. Between 1974 and 1976,
the Marine Brigade School successfully conducted 12 special classes of
the Marine Basic Course for recruits of the Communications and
Electronics Group, AFP, the Composite Military Police Brigade, their
Intelligence Service AFP and other units of the Philippine Navy. Less
than two years later, on June 1, 1976, the Brigade Schools was
redesignated as the Philippine Marines Training Center pursuant to
General Orders No. 499, Headquarters, Philippine Navy dated July 20,
1976, with the specific mission of educating and developing Marine
Officers and Enlisted Personnel so that they can be adequately equipped
with the knowledge and skills needed to accomplish the mission of the
Philippine Marines and to conduct research and develop doctrines
peculiar to its mission.

From 1988 to 1993 alone, the Marine Corps Training Center (MCTC)
successfully trained 708 officers, 4,383 enlisted personnel, 861
trainees, 207 CMT cadets officers and 46 security covering a total of
124 career and specialization Courses.

The MCTC is specifically tasked to conduct career and specialization
training and to formulate, develop and validate doctrines peculiar to
the PMC organization. It is capable of conducting basic, specialization
and advanced training for infantry, armor, artillery and combat service
support personnel. It can also conduct research and develop doctrines
on warfighting organization, and training peculiar to the Marines, and
subsequently conduct tests and evaluation of the doctrines to determine
their validity. It can provide mobile training teams to units of other
services for the conduct of amphibious operations and to train Marine
Reservists on a regular basis.

The unit is composed of a Headquarters and Service Company tasked to
provide command, control and administration of the MCTC; The Advance
School which is tasked to train and develop Marine personnel on
amphibious operations and other types of Naval and AFP operations
related to Marine Corps functions; The Special School tasked primarily
to conduct specialization courses in different fields of specialties
and other special operations courses for Marines; The Basic School
which is tasked to conduct basic courses for newly recruited Marine
Officers and Enlisted Personnel; and The Marine Scout Sniper School -
the first and only dedicated sniper school in the country having been
established in 1967. It is tasked primarily to train scout snipers and
conduct marksmanship training to all Marines. The MCTC is likewise
composed of the Research and Doctrines Development Unit which is
subsequently composed of a Doctrines Development section, a Test and
Evaluation Section and a Correspondence Section. This unit is tasked to
conduct research and develop doctrines on warfighting, organization and
training, as well as to test and evaluate doctrines on organization,
materiel and training and eventually determine their validity.

For the Marines, education, training and doctrines have always, and
will always be, an essential part of their warfighting concept as they
remained focused and continuously drive towards their unique conceptual
and philosophical perspective regarding the waging of war and the
pursuance of physical combat. As a Corps, all Marines believe that
their capability enhancement should rest firmly on these solid
foundations.

To this end, the Marine Corps Training Center stands at the forefront
of education, training and doctrines development of Marines and is
pursuing a rigorous training program in response to its goal of
"Breeding the Representatives of the Best In Soldiery ".