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raining is a never-ending process in the Corps and to be in the Marines one has to be a trainor or trainee most of the time. Marines spend much of their time for this activity for this is the only way to keep individual and unit skills at its peak for combat. Although the Marine Corps Training Center is tasked with the basic, advance and other career courses for each Marine - unit commanders conduct their own training to ensure continuity either in garrison or in the operational area. The Marine Corps is the only unit in the armed forces that practice the rotation of its Battalions from the operational area for the purpose of retraining and reequipping at its headquarters in Fort Bonifacio. Perhaps one outstanding feature of Marine Corps training is from the words of its third commandant, when he stated "One outstanding custom is the desire of every Marine to excel in everything he does - to do better than every other person. This was imbued into each Marine during the basic training and followed through by the officers upon completion of training and then assignment to the line". Marine Corps training had its beginnings right after the activation of the "A" Company on November 7, 1950. With six officers and 206 enlisted personnel, the task of forging the "Cutting Edge of the Armed Forces of the Philippines" was laid on the shoulders of a young training staff and the senior Non Commissioned Officers, who acted as the first drill instructors, and became the unit's key personnel who were all sailor volunteers and Philippine Scouts veterans of the just concluded WWII. The toughening phase of the training was conducted at Poro Pont in San Fernando, La Union. It was during that phase when the training activities were inspected by no less than the Secretary of National Defense, the Honorable Ramon Magsaysay who announced the arrival of new
weapons from the U.S. arsenals and decreed that American military instructors were to take over the training in weapons. The first of the training exchanges between the United States Marines Corps and the Philippine Marines thus started. The turmoil in Southern Philippines paved the way for the Marine's rapid expansion in the early 1970's. During that period, applicants flocked to the recruiting centers in droves, each hoping to become of one of "The Few, The Proud, The Marines." With the activation of the Marine Brigade in 1972, formal education and training of officers and enlisted personnel became a primary concern. The year 1973 was significant in Marine Corps training. It was during this year that plans for the establishment of an independent training unit were laid out to effectively cater to the education and training needs of the officers and enlisted personnel of the growing organization. Eventually, on September 6, 1973, the Marine Training Group was activated pursuant to General Orders Number 8, Headquarters, Philippine Marines Brigade dated September 5, 1973, It was initially composed of a Headquarters and Service Detachment, a Recruit Training Unit, an Amphibious Troop Training Unit, and a Marine Sniper Detachment. Aside from its primary mission, the Marine Training Group also regularly trained personnel of the other AFP units particularly in amphibious operations and marksmanship. A year later, on November 2, 1974, the Marine Training Group was redesignated as the Marine Brigade School pursuant to General Orders No. 25, Headquarters, Philippine Marine Brigade dated November 4, 1974. By then, top quality training in the school became a by-word in the entire AFP. Between 1974 and 1976, the Marine Brigade School successfully conducted 12 special classes of the Marine Basic Course for recruits of the Communications and Electronics Group, AFP, the Composite Military Police Brigade, their Intelligence Service AFP and other units of the Philippine Navy. Less than two years later, on June 1, 1976, the Brigade Schools was redesignated as the Philippine Marines Training Center pursuant to General Orders No. 499, Headquarters, Philippine Navy dated July 20, 1976, with the specific mission of educating and developing Marine Officers and Enlisted Personnel so that they can be adequately equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to accomplish the mission of the Philippine Marines and to conduct research and develop doctrines peculiar to its mission. From 1988 to 1993 alone, the Marine Corps Training Center (MCTC) successfully trained 708 officers, 4,383 enlisted personnel, 861 trainees, 207 CMT cadets officers and 46 security covering a total of 124 career and specialization Courses. The MCTC is specifically tasked to conduct career and specialization training and to formulate, develop and validate doctrines peculiar to the PMC organization. It is capable of conducting basic, specialization and advanced training for infantry, armor, artillery and combat service support personnel. It can also conduct research and develop doctrines on warfighting organization, and training peculiar to the Marines, and subsequently conduct tests and evaluation of the doctrines to determine their validity. It can provide mobile training teams to units of other
services for the conduct of amphibious operations and to train Marine Reservists on a regular basis. The unit is composed of a Headquarters and Service Company tasked to provide command, control and administration of the MCTC; The Advance School which is tasked to train and develop Marine personnel on amphibious operations and other types of Naval and AFP operations related to Marine Corps functions; The Special School tasked primarily to conduct specialization courses in different fields of specialties and other special operations courses for Marines; The Basic School which is tasked to conduct basic courses for newly recruited Marine Officers and Enlisted Personnel; and The Marine Scout Sniper School the first and only dedicated sniper school in the country having been established in 1967. It is tasked primarily to train scout snipers and conduct marksmanship training to all Marines. The MCTC is likewise composed of the Research and Doctrines Development Unit which is subsequently composed of a Doctrines Development section, a Test and Evaluation Section and a Correspondence Section. This unit is tasked to conduct research and develop doctrines on warfighting, organization and training, as well as to test and evaluate doctrines on organization, materiel and training and eventually determine their validity. For the Marines, education, training and doctrines have always, and will always be, an essential part of their warfighting concept as they remained focused and continuously drive towards their unique conceptual and philosophical perspective regarding the waging of war and the pursuance of physical combat. As a Corps, all Marines believe that their capability enhancement should rest firmly on these solid foundations. To this end, the Marine Corps Training Center stands at the forefront of education, training and doctrines development of Marines and is pursuing a rigorous training program in response to its goal of "Breeding the Representatives of the Best In Soldiery ".