P. 1
job analysis

job analysis

|Views: 458|Likes:
Published by Aysha Noor Tithi

More info:

Published by: Aysha Noor Tithi on Apr 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/23/2012

pdf

text

original

Definition: A job analysis is the process used to collect information about the duties, responsibilities, necessary skills, outcomes

, and work environment of a particular job. You need as much data as possible to put together a job description, which is the frequent outcome of the job analysis. Additional outcomes include recruiting plans, position postings and advertisements, and performance development planning within your performance management system.
Job Analysis is the process of describing and recording aspects of jobs and specifying the skills and other requirements necessary to perform the job.

One of the main purposes of conducting job analysis is to prepare job description and job specification which in turn helps to hire the right quality of workforce into the organization. The general purpose of job analysis is to document the requirements of a job and the work performed. Job and task analysis is performed as a basis for later improvements, including: definition of a job domain; describing a job; developing performance appraisals, selection systems, promotion criteria, training needs assessment, and compensation plans. [1] In the fields of Human Resources (HR) and Industrial Psychology, job analysis is often used to gather information for use in personnel selection, training, classification, and/or compensation. [2] The field of vocational rehabilitation uses job analysis to determine the physical requirements of a job to determine whether an individual who has suffered some diminished capacity is capable of performing the job with, or without, some accommodation. Professionals developing certification exams use job analysis (often called something slightly different, such as "task analysis") to determine the elements of the domain which must be sampled in order to create a content valid exam. When a job analysis is conducted for the purpose of valuing the job (i.e., determining the appropriate compensation for incumbents) this is called "job evaluation." Job analysis aims to answer questions such as: 1. Why does the job exist? 2. What physical and mental activities does the worker undertake? 3. When is the job to be performed? 4. Where is the job to be performed? 5. How does the worker do the job? 6. What qualifications are needed to perform the job? 7. What are the working conditions (such as levels of temperature, noise, offensive fumes, light) 8. What machinery or equipment is used in the job? 9. What constitutes successful performance? Definition: Job descriptions are written statements that describe the:
• • • • • • • • • • • •

duties, responsibilities, most important contributions and outcomes needed from a position, required qualifications of candidates, and reporting relationship and coworkers of a particular job.

Job analysis methods
Methods of collecting job analysis information include:

OBSERVATION METHODS
Methods of observation includes direct observation, work methods analysis, critical incident technique. 1. Direct observation Direct Observation is a method of job analysis to observe and record behavior / events / activities / tasks / duties while something is happening. 2. Work methods analysis

mathematics. 10. such as factory or assembly-line jobs. and sensory ability. is a structured instrument of job analysis to measure job characteristics and relate them to human characteristics. 80 items of decision making. • • • • QUESTIONNAIRE METHODS Questionnaire methods includes 6 techniques as follows: 5. 7. people. MOSAIC model MOSAIC model is a questionnaire technique of job analysis used to collect information from incumbents and supervisors. Critical incident technique is a method of job analysis used to identify work behaviors that classify in good and poor performance. 53 items of physical and mechanical activities. Task Inventory A task inventory is a list of the discrete activities that make up a specific job in a specific organization. 62 questions of contacts with people. 9. developed by Saville & Holdsworth. Job element method developed by Ernest Primoff. Jeanneret.• • • • • Work methods analysis is used to describe manual and repetitive production jobs. Critical incident technique (CIT model). 4. things. INTERVIEW METHOD Interview method is a useful tool of job analysis to ask questions to both incumbents and supervisors in either an individual or a group setting. each of the categories consists of two parts – an operational and differential definition and a grading scale. Functional job analysis (FJA model) FJA model is a technique of job analysis that was developed by the Employment and Training Administration of the United States Department of Labor. unstructured interview. 3. 13. Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ model) PAQ model is a questionnaire technique of job analysis. is a computer-administered system for job analysis. and Mecham (1972). • • • • • • • • • • OTHER METHODS 11. It focuses on work behaviors and the results of this behavior rather than more abstract characteristics. It includes 41 general questions of background section. 1 workerinstruction scale. 8. It consists of 195 job elements that describe generic human work behaviors. Job element method This method is same the critical incident technique. language. It includes 7 scales (numbers) that measure: 3 worker-function scales: measure % of time spent with: data. Ltd. It developed by McCormick. 47 items of work setting. It includes 52 cognitive. Work Profiling System (WPS model) WPS model is a questionnaire technique of job analysis. Work methods analysis includes time and motion study and micro-motion analysis. Diary method This method is a useful tool of job analysis to ask worker maintaining and keeping daily records or list of activities they are doing on every day… . psycho-motor. 12. It contains 151 job tasks rated in terms of importance for effective job performance and 22 competencies rated in terms of importance. physical. Fleishman Job Analysis System (FJAS model) FJAS model is is a technique of job analysis that describe jobs from the point of view of the necessary capacities. Interview includes structured Interviews. and needed proficiency at entry. Common Metric Questionnaire (CMQ model) CMQ model is a technique of job analysis that was developed by Harvey as a “worker-oriented” job analysis instrument designed to have applicability to a broad range of exempt and nonexempt jobs. open-ended questions. 6. 3 scales that measure reasoning.

.Threshold Traits Analysis System (TTAS model) Threshold Traits Analysis System (TTAS model) is a method of job analysis. 16. Threshold traits analysis system include a standard set of 33 traits: ability traits are “can do” factors and attitudinal traits are “willing to do” factors. authority. when you use direct observation. 18. interests. Skills. • Interview questions. written tests. job description…are useful for analyst in job analysis. values. SMEs conduct brainstorming sessions to identify job elements. Checklists and rating scales Checklist is job analysis method base on an inventory of job elements. • Applicant appraisal/evaluation forms. Combination of methods In process of job analysis. job simulations). knowledge. procedures. forms. • Appropriate salary level for the position to help determine what salary should be offered to a candidate. Apart from job description and job specification. Functions / benefits of job analysis include elements as below. knowledge. human resource manual. SMEs can use all job analysis methods in here. oral tests. 17. working conditions 15. Competency profiling Competency modeling is the activity of determining the specific competencies that are characteristic of high performance and success in a given job. decision making. For example. abilities. Purpose of job analysis why is job analysis important ? Directly outcomes / results of job analysis are job description and job specification.g. These documents are available for organizations applied to ISO 9000 standard. You can ask question about purose of position. Purpose of job analysis in Recruitment and Selection: Job analysis is very important for contents as: • Job duties that should be included in advertisements of vacant positions. organization. Technical conference Technical conference is a useful tool of job analysis base on Subject Matter Experts (SMEs). was developed in 1970 by Felix Lopez. Examining Manuals/reference materials Manuals/reference materials such as quality manual. • Orientation materials for applicants/new hires . instruction. key responsibility areas. 1. • Minimum requirements (education and/or experience) for screening applicants.14. • Selection tests/instruments (e. experience. analyst can use and associate all methods to collecting job information. then you always do interview method. relationships. personalities. Contents of competency modeling include skills.

how it will be performed. • Job analysis can use methods of time and motion study or micro-motion analysis in order to time and motion for job.2.e. • Compliance with Civil Rights Legislation in US.. Importance of job analysis in Compliance with labor law: • Identify requirements in compliance with labor law. classroom…) 7. where it is to be performed and who will perform it. small group..g. Purpose of job analysis in Job design • Reduce personnel costs. computer-based. physical effort) • Responsibilities (e. attention. hazards. 8. • EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) compliance in U .g. supervisory) • Required level of education (indirectly related to salary level 5. 4. • Increase productivity and employee empowerment. Job analysis increases productivity How a job analysis increases productivity? • Job analysis also identify performance criteria so that it promote worker for best performance. streamline work processes. Purpose of job analysis in Compensation and Benefits: Job Analysis can be used in compensation to identify or determine: • Skill levels • Compensation job factors • Work environment (e. fiscal. Purpose of job analysis in Job evaluation • Judges relative worth of jobs in an organization • Sets fair compensation rates 3. • Simplify job with too many disparate activities • Identifies what must be performed. Importance of job analysis in Training and development: Job Analysis can be used in training needs assessment to identify or develop: • Training content • Assessment tests to measure effectiveness of training • Equipment to be used in delivering the training • Methods of training (i.. • Enhance job satisfaction and provide greater scheduling flexibility for the employee. video. Importance of job analysis in Performance Appraisal: Job Analysis can be used in performance review to identify or develop: • Goals and objectives • Performance standards • Length of probationary periods • Duties to be evaluated • Evaluation criteria 6.

Standard Occupational Classification System • Other on-line job descriptions 2. examine broad human behaviors involved in work activities • Position Analysis Questionnaire • Critical Incident Technique Information sources of job analysis Sources of job information to conduct a job analysis are: 1.Classification of job analysis methods 1. very specific task description • Job Element Method • Task Analysis • Functional Job Analysis Worker-oriented: focus on traits and talents necessary to perform the job. Internal sources of job analysis • Job incumbents: observation. Classification based on orientation Classification-oriented include 2 types of job-oriented and worker-oriented. questionnaire • Job analyst • HR information management system . questionnaire • Supervisor of job: interview. interview. focus on describing various tasks that are performed on the job. Classification based on property Classification of property include 2 types of qualitative job analysis techniques and quantitative job analysis techniques Qualitative job analysis techniques • Interview • Observation • Participant Dairy / logs • Questionnaire Quantitative job analysis techniques • Functional job analysis • Department of Labor Procedure (DOL) • Position analysis questionnaire 2.S. Job-Oriented: focus on work activities. External sources of job analysis • Job analysis information from competitor such as job description and specification… • Dictionary of Occupational Titles • U.

Performance appraisal • Coordinate with HR in Head Office to conduct annual employee performance appraisal. Compensation and Benefit: • Ensure compensation and benefits are in line with Company policies and updated Government Regulations.• Existing job descriptions • Manuals. Job tile: 2. update and expand the company policies. • Maintain. 2. compulsory Insurances and other HR reports as required by authorities. develop strong relationships with HO and effective communication between Company & employees. Job purpose: II/ Key tasks of HR officer 1. Other assignments: • Understand the local employment laws. 3. passport. Administrations: • Follow procedures related to Expatriates working of company: visa. Job Code: 3.… 5. work permits. plan. Recruitment and selection • Analyze. solve employee conflicts and improve HR administration. • Supervise HR team. Report to: 5. publications • Experts • Records/file/manuals • Plans and blueprints • SMEs (Subject Matter Experts): people who have in-depth knowledge of specific job under analysis. medical expenses. Department: 4. 6. manage recruitment programs and the hiring process to ensure that HR service provided meets the needs of company’s business. Employee Relations: • Maintain discipline for the southern factory as well as create motivation for all employees. and abilities • Outside consultant I/ Job information of HR officer 1. III / Job specification of HR officer . job skills. • Control Payroll Calculation. 4.

. Ability to start in short notice a strong advantage. Able to communicate well with all levels of people. 7. 3. and responsibilities of a position. 8. specifications such as the qualifications needed by the person in the job. or functions. well-organized and able to work independently to meet datelines. salary range for the position. Good writing skills. At least 3 to 5 years’ relevant experience. Definition of job description at wikipedia A job description is a list of the general tasks. Training and development: • • For advising on employee training and development Identify training requirements. 4. Proficient in HR matter. Meticulous. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Performance Appraisal: • • • For establishing and updating performance standards Establish performance requirements Identify a performance standard of work that can be measured in terms of quality. time and cost. Strong IT and skill. Typically.1. Degree/Diploma in human resources management. 6. business administration. … Purpose of job description why are job descriptions important ? Functions / benefits of job description include 5 elements as follows: 1. 9. Purpose of job description for human resources department Functions / benefits of job description include elements as follows: Recruitment and Selection: • • • • As a mechanism for recruitment (determining qualifications) Recruit for vacancies Counsel people on career opportunities and their vocational interests provide guidelines for the recruitment process. 10. quantity. etc. 5. detailed. Expert user of MS Excel and numerically inclined. 2. it also includes to whom the position reports.

hazards. For understanding new assignments and/or working conditions As a jump start for recommending improvement to work 3. physical effort) etc Compliance with labour law • • For determining Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) status (exempt or nonexempt). Purpose of job description for employee An employee uses a position description: • • • • For understanding and establishing training objectives and developmental goals / objects. job content and the performance standard attached to a specific post. For assigning jobs.. Check for compliance with legal requirements related to equal opportunity. Work environment (e. As a tool to understand his/her area of responsibility. overtime eligibility. titles and/or pay levels to jobs For developing internal and/or external announcements People management • • Obtain mutual agreement between supervisors and subordinates with regards to the functions. 2. Human resource information system • • • Clearly define channels of communication. For succession planning or organizational development (for example. etc. Assist in hiring and placing employees in positions for which they are best suited Improve work-flow and technical for work accomplishment Make decisions concerning reorganizations / realignments / reductions in force . attention. Purpose of job description for supervisor or manager A supervisor or manager uses position descriptions: • • • • • • • • • • Introduce new employees to their positions To clearly delineate work assignments and detect overlaps or gaps in those assignments As tools to manage their organizations Basis for developing performance plans Assist employees to acquire a greater understanding of their assigned duties Reassign and/or fix functions and responsibilities of their assigned organization Evaluate work performance. equal pay. what additional tasks can be applied for the growth of the organization as a whole?).g. Assign occupational codes.Human resource planning • • For reorganization/realignment/reductions in force planning. Compensation: Job description can be used in compensation to identify or determine: • • Job factors of compensation.

• Purpose and objective of the job: to identify nature of job. Responsibilities is the level of responsibility the job holder for examples: • The amount of discretion allowed to make decisions. supervisor / manager / subordinates. scale. • Department. • Reporting relationships. Employee Empowerment: Organization should supply employees power to initiate change. suppliers… Supervision • Extent of supervision • Number of subordinates • Job title of employee Key result areas Key result areas are the results or outcomes for which the job holder is accountable. Power can be: • Participation and autonomy • Innovation and acceptance of risk-taking • Access to information • Accountability for results • Cultural openness to change Employee relations Employee relations includes internal relations and external relations • Internal relations include with co-workers. customer. • External relations include with “input” or “output” people for example: employees from other departments. • Job location • Manager / Supervisor’s title: persons to whom the jobholder reports • Job code (if applicable) • FLSA status (exempt or non-exempt).ontents of a job description Job description include 9 components as follows: 1. and • The type and importance of interpersonal relations. thereby encouraging them to take charge of what they do.Contents of Job duties Duties: List of main task. variety and complexity of the problems to be solved. • The quantity and value of the resources controlled.Contents of Job identification • Job title: The title should be chosen carefully as it provides importance and status for the employee. • The difficulty. 2. .

skills. Meaning of job specification in job advertisement. 4. sex. or personal experience. tools and equipments Job specification should be avoided: When conduct a job description. main duties. and abilities but in fact. What is the differences between job description and job specification? a. religion. and experience required to successfully perform a job. Definition of job specification Nature of a job specification is a statement of knowledge.Contents of Job Specifications • Knowledge is an organized body of information that a person mentally possesses as a result of formal education. metal ability. may include preferred/desired experience). It also includes job purpose. Definition of job specification of (UAB) “Job Specification – definition of knowledge. duties. Job description are task. Job description belong to organization and job specification belong to you. training. training. 2. skills. and abilities and the associated education. responsibilities this mean job description are what you must “do”. These also constitute the minimum recruiting criteria or minimum qualifications for the job” 3.Standards of performance Standards of performance lists the standards the employee is expected to achieve under each of the job description’s main duties and responsibilities. 4. 3. aptitudes. It is the same job criteria. abilities etc this mean job specification are what you must “have” to perform “job description”. Contents of working conditions Working conditions or job context refers to the conditions under which work is performed and the demands such work imposes on employees for example: • Environmental conditions • Job hazards / safety • Machine. skills. • Abilities. or physical or mental disability… Job specifications 1. It are minimum acceptable qualifications to perform a particular job. • Skill requirements: skills include on the job skills and any specialized competencies. Job specification are knowledge. compensation etc when it is used for job advertisement. Job specification includes knowledge. and abilities needed to perform the job. national origin or nationality. . age. you should be avoided from elements as follows in compliance with labor law: race. Ability include physical ability. color. • Experience: describe minimum experience required to perform job satisfactorily. skills. b.

A job specification will be the first introduction to candidate.1 Job information: • • • • The title should be chosen carefully as it provides importance and status for the employee. Describe the location of the job in the organizational structure and working location. you will be attracted the appropriate candidate. 2.2 Job Purpose: to identify nature of job.Purpose of job specification why are job specifications important ? Functions / benefits of job specification include 5 elements as follows: 1. 1. Set up competency of organization Organization should set up their core competency and job specification will help them to implement competency programs. The specifications you prepare will help you evaluate curriculum vitae more speedily and ruthlessly. Job specification pay a important role in identifying competencies of employee Employer can identify the exact duties and competencies of the position. accurate job specification. 3. 5. Contents of a job specification: include 9 components as follows: 1. Orientation to candidate Candidate can determine if his / her experience and qualifications suit the job specification Contents of an Job specification 1. So that when yơu write a dynamic. It is therefore crucial that it is professional and portrays the right image. The importance of job specification also reflect in attracting candidate. 4. How many hours a week and a comment about flexibility if this is offered (beyond your legal duties)? Who will the post holder report to? 1.4 Knowledge / qualification: • Knowledge can include the educational or vocational qualifications and other related knowledge gained from learning or .3 Main duties: to identify key duties of job (limited to 7 or 10 tasks). Find out prospective candidate Job specification pay a important role in finding out prospective employees to a particular job. 1. as well as providing a list of pertinent questions for interview.

Types of job criteria: There are two criteria of candidate selection: essential and desirable criteria. self-reliance etc.5 Skill requirements: skills include on the job skills and any specialized competencies.9 Requirements due to working environment 2.g. 1. strength. the following elements also affects recruitment process of organization: 2. weight. Mental specifications include ability to perform. 1. arithmetical calculations. 3. . maturity trial of conciliation.7 Abilities.2 Aptitudes: Aptitudes is a capacity for learning (e.8 Licenses/Certification: 1. Desirable criteria are those not necessary but it it criteria preferred. Related elements to job specifications Apart from contents of a job specification above. to interpret data. 1. you should be avoided from elements as follows in compliance with labor law: • • • • • • • • • • • Age Sex Race Religion Ethnicity National Origin Sexual Orientation Marital Status Disability/Health Dependent Care Responsibilities Unnecessary criteria 4. Job specification should be avoided: When conduct a job specification. ability to learn correctional institution policies and procedures. vision. 2.6 Experience: describe minimum experience required to perform job satisfactorily. age range. research. poise etc.) It is very difficult to measure aptitudes and it do not belong in job specifications. • • Essential criteria are those absolutely necessary to do the job. aptitudes. to read etc. teaching ability. may include preferred/desired experience). training. metal ability. body size.• Knowledge is an organized body of information that a person mentally possesses as a result of formal education. creativity. information blue prints. Ability include physical ability. 1. • • Physical specifications includes health.1 Behavior / Attitude Specifications: Behavioral specifications include judgments. or personal experience.

com Procurement Job Find procurement job online for free! Browse or post. and duties to be evaluated An ideal job analysis should include . See below for more information. compensable job factors.. • Compensation and Benefits—The relative value of a particular job to the company must be known before a dollar value can be placed on it. appropriate salary level for the position to help determine what salary should be offered to a candidate.sightseeking. Attract tourists. and assessment tests to measure effectiveness of training. skill. performance standards. or ability—and the person filling the position does not possess all the qualifications required—training and/or development is probably in order. selection tests/instruments (e. job simulations). length of probationary periods. applicant appraisal forms and orientation materials for new hires Job Analysis can be used in performance review to identify or develop goals and objectives. the more the job is worth.com/Execution Promote your destination Free marketing resource for travel destinations. www. equipment to be used in delivering the training and methods of training. employee job descriptions are communication tools that are significant in an organization's success. Job Analysis can be used in training to identify or develop.salesforceassessments. written tests. Effectively developed. minimum requirements for screening applicants. • Safety and Health—Information derived from job analysis is also valuable in identifying safety and health considerations. interview questions.g.Reasons For Conducting Job Analysis A sound job analysis system is extremely critical for numerous reasons. 2009 |Comments: 0 | Views: 8. evaluation criteria. Job Analysis can be used in compensation to identify or determine: skill levels.. oral tests. work environment. • Staffing—All areas of staffing would be haphazard if the recruiter did not know the qualifications needed to perform the jo b. From an internal perspective the more significant its duties and responsibilities. responsibilities and required level of education. Buy online www. blog.com/jobs A born sales person? Find out using our Temperament Assessment. The main purpose of conducting job analysis is to prepare job description and job specification which helps to hire right quality of workforce. Job Analysis can be used in selection procedures to identify or develop job duties that should be included in advertisements of vacant positions.SuccessFactors.NextLevelPurchasing. Importance of Job Analysis Posted: Aug 29. • Training And Development—if the specification suggests that the job requires a particular knowledge.140 | Ads by Google Achieve Business Results with Business Execution Software Read the Whitepaper www. training content..com Job analysis helps in analyzing the resources and establishing the strategies to accomplish the business goals and strategic objectives.

accurate job description. Environment: This segment identifies the working environment of a particular job. And new hires can transition more smoothly into the company if they understand their designated role. This segment should include frequency. Tools and Equipment: Some duties and tasks are performed using specific equipment and tools. It also important for the job seekers to pick up a job that suits their personality and interest as the first step will play a deciding role in shaping their career and position in life. there are a number of other reasons why job descriptions are important to both employees and employers.Duties and Tasks: The basic unit of a job is the performance of specific tasks and duties. including: interviews with incumbents and supervisors. the world’s leading International job portal which offers an interactive medium to job seekers and providers in the domain of plastic industry worldwide. job descriptions help to define roles and relationships among employees and departments within a company. equipment. specific strengths and/or characteristics that are needed to perform the job. etc. and gathering background information such as duty statements or classification specifications. questionnaires (structured. FLSA status. Recruiting and Hiring Job descriptions help to provide accurate information to include in job postings and advertisements. This can be possible only when job seekers and organizations are able to communicate their requirements to each other. observation. open-ended. These items need to be specified in a Job Analysis. if you advertise for a "Trainer" without any specifics as to what kind of Trainer you need. This helps eliminate wasted time that can occur if employees don't understand what their role is. Without a clear. Requirements: The knowledge. and abilities required to perform the job should be clearly listed. With a complete job description. company and strategic plans. Relationships: The hierarchy of the organization must be clearly laid out. complexity. or both). but are responding to anything and everything they see listed as available because the job title sounds like something they can do. Besides the legalissues. By detailing the essential functions that each employee is responsible for completing. you'll know exactly what you want at the outset of the recruiting process. Planning The process of writing a job description helps you mentally process and document exactly what you need and want out of your current employees as well asfuture employees and how and where they will fit into your team. clarifying who is responsible for what. skill. critical incident investigations. It is important for organizations to hire the right candidates who suit their work environment and requirements otherwise they will end up stagnating. What is a job description? A job description is a written statement that includes the job title. Plastopedia. and any physical requirements of the position. and spell out the requirements necessary to achieve a good match between the candidate's qualifications and the demands of the job. effort. duration. you may get . specific responsibilities of the job.com. you may attract candidates that are clearly not qualified for the position. rather than discovering it through trial and error while interviewing candidates. experience and skills required. This may have a significant impact on the physical requirements to be able to perform a job. The employees should know who is under them and who they have to report to. skills. For example. purpose of the job. reporting structure. There are several ways to conduct a job analysis. standards.

jobs must be categorized and evaluated in order to make comparisons and to determine a fair market value for a position. If interviewing isn't one of your strengths.a job description functions as a foundation for developing interview questions and youcan use the job description to explain the position to candidates. Employees need to know they have a future at the company and that the future is interesting and attainable. a job description provides consistency and clarity for everyone involved. keep them updated. knowing what the job requirements are for each position can help them work with each employee to develop their skills and grow in their careers. Compensation When determining the compensation for a position. Accurate job descriptions for all positions in the company provide information such as what positions are available or may become available. Career Planning Job descriptions can help to determine upward mobility within a company by creating a hierarchy of positions. Performance Management Job descriptions discourage employees from refusing to do something because "it's not my job. This documentation is essential in the event an employee files a discrimination lawsuit against the company. so they can meet and hopefully exceed your expectations. in a department or division. how are they supposed to know? Job descriptions can be used to establish the difference between bad. Job descriptions ensure that your employees know what is expected of them. Review your job descriptions during your performance review process to ensure they accurately reflect each employee's current job responsibilities. Not knowing where your pay rates are compared to the market can mean you are overpaying your employees." Additionally. they can be used as a basis for employee reviews. Employee Relations Job descriptions clarify roles and responsibilities so that everyone on a team. A job description outlines the expectations and requirements of the position so that you can attract the candidates who not only CAN do the job. but WANT to do the job. For managers. or you're at risk of losing key employees because you're paying below market. If you don't tell them what is expected. so employees can work on getting any skills. salary increases. so you can appropriately recognize your star performers and address poor performance. setting goals and development plans.resumes from animal trainers or fitness trainers and you'll have to filter through all of that to find candidates who have the qualifications you're seeking. This helps you to make sound financial decisions and ensure that your current employees are compensated at the market rate. And when you come across employees who are not meeting the standards of the job. Anyone who is interviewing and hiring needs a job description for the position in hand in order to effectively screen and select prospective candidates. . or determining compensation. Need help writing job descriptions for your company? Contact Instant HR Solutionstoday. Whether you're hiring someone new. and that you're hiring new employees at a fair rate. evaluating a current employee. And prospective employees need to know what they job requirements are so they know if they're qualified and if they're interested in applying. Taking the time to write accurate job descriptions now will save you time. knowledge or abilities that they're lacking. and throughout the company is very clear about what is required ofthem and how their roles work together. money and energy in the future. and what qualifications are needed. you have an effective tool in place to document what is not getting done and to provide support for any disciplinary action or termination decisions that you make. good and outstanding performance. And once written. and a job description services as a reference guide for this purpose. what each job entails.

They help in the hiring. Usually this section is the most lengthy. A summary statement. Using job descriptions is part of good management. Also detail any technical or educational requirements that may be critical or desired. the public or only internal employees. 5. Provide details on the reporting and organizational structure. Attributes needed for the position. Summary Using job descriptions will help an organization better understand the experience and skill base needed to enhance the success of the company. Creating a job description often results in a thought process that helps determine how critical the job is. It should detail any supervisory functions in addition to being as specific as possible describing tasks the employee will face every day. A job description typically outlines the necessary skills. how this particular job relates to others and identify the characteristics needed by a new employee filling the role. but most people will feel they should be at the top of the range. This is also the place to provide some insights into the type of work environment you are attempting to maintain. especially if you are giving the job description to the employee. or must the person be able to contribute to an overall spirit of the organization? Reporting. Once a job description is prepared. Components of a Job Description 1. Also provide details on when evaluations will take place. Evaluation criteria. orienting a new employee and finally in the evaluation of job performance. It will spell out duties and responsibilities of the job. All too often. This is also the best place to indicate whether the person will deal with customers. This will help the employee better understand how their activities fit into the total organization. use that. 6. . evaluation and potentially terminating of employees.The Importance of Job Descriptions All employees like to know what is expected of them and how they will be evaluated. Job descriptions can also be a great value to employers. Including a range instead of a specific figure will give you more flexibility. it can serve a basis for interviewing candidates. 3. Is it pure business. Physical location and surroundings. Try to make sure the evaluation criteria of the position will promote the type of activities to enhance the success of the business. The more specific you can get the better. 7. It details what the job actually entails and can be quite specific. training and education needed by a potential employee. Writing this section will probably enable you to define what is most important for the organization as well as the employee. there is a misunderstanding of what a position entails and a well-prepared job description can help both sides share a common understanding. 4. It is usually better to have a specific dollar amount. If the position involves the use of machinery (or computers). Functions of the position. If your organization uses salary grades. These one or two sentences include a general statement of duties and mentions who 2. the employee would report to. Compensation. spell out what type of machines or software the employee will use. You can also use this section to place priorities on the activities.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->