P. 1


|Views: 12|Likes:
Published by Rohit Sharma

More info:

Published by: Rohit Sharma on Apr 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPTX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Presented by: ROHIT SHARMA ROLL NO-273103


Title:psychrometric processes


Introduction € Definition Psychrometrics : The field of engineering concerned with the determination of physical and thermodynamic properties of gas-vapor mixtures.    A psychrometric chart presents physical and thermal properties of moist air in a ³graphical ³form. The term derives from the Greek ´psuchron´ meaning "cold" and ´metron´ meaning "means of measurement". 3  . The psychrometric chart graphically represents the interrelation of air temperature and moisture content.

Standard Psychrometric Chart 4 .

5 .

6 . or x-axis. of the psychrometric chart and lines of constant temperature are represented by vertical chart lines. Dry-bulb temperature is located on the horizontal. It is called ³dry-bulb´ since the sensing tip of the thermometer is dry.Dry-bulb temperature is the commonly measured temperature from a thermometer.

measured by a hygrometer or a sling psychrometer and is shown as sloping lines on the psychrometric chart. 7 . It represents the temperature at which water evaporates and brings the air to saturation.Wet-bulb temperature is determined when air is circulated past a wetted sensor tip.

It could pick up 40 percent more water to reach saturation. 8 . at that same temperature. can hold at 100 percent humidity.Relative humidity is a measure of the amount of water that air can hold at a certain temperature. Exp: Air at 60 percent relative humidity contains 60 percent of the water it could possibly hold (at that temperature). or saturation. Lines of constant relative humidity are represented by the curved lines running from the bottom left and sweeping up through to the top right of the chart. It is ³relative´ to the amount of water that air.

9 .The humidity ratio of moist air is the weight of the water contained in the air per unit of dry air. Humidity ratio is found on the vertical. y axis with lines of constant humidity ratio running horizontally across the chart.

curved.Dewpoint temperature indicates the temperature at which water will begin to condense out of moist air. saturation temperature boundary is reached. 10 . Dewpoint temperature is determined by moving from a state point horizontally to the left along lines of constant humidity ratio until the upper.

It is indicated on the psychrometric chart by a third set of sloping lines.Enthalpy (H) is the heat content of unit mass of the atmosphere. but not quite the same as the web-bulb lines. 11 . in kJ/kg. near to. relative to the heat content of 0C dry air.

Specific volume indicates the space occupied by air. Lines of constant specific volume are almost vertical lines with scale values written below the dry-bulb temperature scale and above the upper boundary¶s saturation temperature scale. 12 . It is the inverse of density and is expressed as a volume per unit weight.

Basic psychrometric processes Process 0-1: Sensible heating Process 0-2: Sensible cooling Process 0-3: Humidifying Process 0-4: Dehumidifying Process 0-5: Heating and humidifying Process 0-6: Cooling and dehumidifying Process 0-7: Cooling and humidifying Process 0-8: Heating and dehumidifying 13 .

Psychrometric processes. can be represented by the movement of the state point on the psychrometric chart. any changes in the condition of the atmosphere. Common processes include: ‡ ‡ Sensible cooling / sensible heating Cooling and dehumidification /heating and humidification ‡ ‡ Humidification / dehumidification Evaporative cooling / chemical dehydration 14 . i.e.

15 .

€ 16 .Sensible Heating or Cooling A psychrometric process that involves € The increase or decrease in the temperature of air without changing its humidity ratio. Example: passing moist air over a room space heater and of kiln air over the heating coils.

Heating and Humidification ‡ A psychrometric process that involves the simultaneous increase in both the dry bulb temperature and humidity ratio of the air 17 .

Cooling and Dehumidification ‡ A psychrometric process that involves the removal of water from the air as the air temperature falls below the dewpoint temperature. 18 .

Adiabatic or Evaporative Cooling ‡ A psychrometric process that involves the cooling of air without heat loss or gain. Sensible heat lost by the air is converted to latent heat in the added water vapor. 19 .

Applications € € € € € € To measure moisture in cold storage To assess air temperature To identify appropriate cooling temperature by comparing the moisture content To know the dew point to preserve perishable commodities. Help to affirm a steady point in the chart To set an appropriate condition for preserving food materials 20 .

21 .

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->